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September 31, 1999 – January 31, 2002
By: John H. Cohen (Maurer Technology Inc.) Greg Deskins (Maurer Technology Inc.) William Motion (Sperry Sun) Jay Martin (Sperry Sun)
January 2002 DE-AC26-97FT34345
Maurer Technology Inc. 2916 West T.C. Jester Houston, TX 77018 Sperry Sun 3000 North Sam Houston Parkway East Houston, TX 77032 TR02-16
This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, m anufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect t ose of the h United States Government or any agency thereof.
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Table of Contents
Executive Summary..................................................................................................................iv Project Objectives......................................................................................................................1 Project Background...................................................................................................................1 System Description ...................................................................................................................3 Accomplishments ......................................................................................................................5 Project Tasks and Work Completed .....................................................................................8 Field Test ....................................................................................................................................14 Economic Analysis ..................................................................................................................15 Benefits to the MWD Industry...............................................................................................17 Conclusions and Recommendations .................................................................................18
Appendix A: Field Test Report
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iv - Maurer Technology Inc. Its objective would be to test the two new high-temperature MWD prototype tools in wells being drilled in the United States where the bottom-hole temperatures were 195ºC (or the highest temperatures attainable). The objectives of Phase I were first to identify critical components of existing MWD systems that can or cannot operate at 195ºC. The modules that comprise the tool are housed in sealed barrels that protect the electronics from exposure to down-hole fluids and pressures.Executive Summary The overall program objective is to develop a mud-pulse measurement-whiledrilling (MWD) tool for oil and gas drilling operations that can be used where downhole temperatures are as high as 195ºC (383ºF). to aid in the drilling of guided wellbores. Phase II was also envisioned as part of this development. New designs and components were then tested under high temperatures in the laboratory. High-Temperature MWD Tool . 2) develop new designs that eliminate the unavailable components. one of several strategies was pursued: 1) locate high-temperature replacement components. The high-temperature MWD tool ( igure i is designed to send directional and F ) formation data to the surface via mud pulses. The final goal of Phase I was to assemble two high-temperature MWD prototype tools and test each in at least one low-temperature well to verify total system performance. The work was planned to be completed in two phases: Phase I and an optional Phase II. These pressure barrels are hung inside a non-magnetic collar located above the drilling assembly. For components not able to meet the higher standard. or 3) use cooling to keep components at acceptable operating temperatures (under 195ºC). including: § § Tested two MWD strings for function in an oven at 195ºC Conducted field test of prototype 195ºC MWD tool (at well temperatures up to 140-180ºC) Figure i. . A number of significant accomplishments were achieved during the course of the Phase I project.
the gamma tool provided formation data including seam tops and thickness.§ § § § § § Tested ELCON hybrid chip with processor. Several improvements were implemented in “O” ring selection. The sidetrack was to intersect the formation up-dip above the water/gas interface. Sperry Sun and the MWD industry have benefited from this program in the following areas: Pulser Improvements. and finally completed tools for high-temperature operations are very high. . Texas. failure of the pulsers was determined to be from mechanical rather than electrical causes. one with Tensor) Encouraged outside source to develop lithium/magnesium high-temperature batteries (operating temperature of 125 to 215ºC) One of this project’s greatest achievements was improvement in Sperry Sun’s current tool with changes made as a direct result of work performed under this project. then subassemblies. These improvements have resulted in longer life and a more robust MWD tool at the previous temperature rating of 175ºC. Although the pulsers failed downhole in both tools. Costs to screen individual components. Tests to date also show a relatively short life for high-temperature tools – on the order of 300 hours. Analysis of the economics of the 195ºC tool highlights the greatest obstacle to future commercialization. oil selection. Results from these field tests indicate progress in the development of a 195ºC tool. which will be beneficial across all directional work. A field test of two prototype 195ºC MWD tools was conducted in Lavaca County. These factors mean that the daily cost of the tool will be higher (3 to 5 times more) than a conventional tool. Magnetometer and Calibration Improvements. as well as at higher temperatures. . and memory in a custom package for 700 hours at 200ºC Contracted with APS Technology to conduct study of thermoelectric cooling of downhole electronics Conducted successful Peltier cooling test with APS Technology Tested and improved the electronics of Sperry Sun’s Geiger Muller-based gamma detector for operation at 195ºC Developed two high-temperature magnetometers (one in-house. and other areas. This has led to improvements to the design of Sperry Sun’s existing magnetometers.v- Maurer Technology Inc. The purpose of this operation was to provide directional services on a sidetrack of a straight hole. In addition. clock. Work on the magnetometer included upgrades to Sperry Sun magnetometers.
DOE leadership and partership with industry can play a significant role in encouraging the development of high-temperature MWD tools to prepare for the future. including voltage reference drift problems and capacitor failures. Based on this work. There are several hindrances to the development of SOI tools for the MWD industry. Most are economic. While screening components for high temperatures. use of a binning qualification process to build high-temperature (195ºC) MWD tools is cost-prohibitive. Increasing the operating temperature of current MWD tools to 195ºC and above will require development of a new platform for the electronics used in these tools. This new platform will be based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) components. The project has helped in clearly demonstrating the limitations of the methods Sperry Sun is currently using to produce high-temperature tools. . . Industry’s current R&D goals and perception of future MWD requirements do not focus on operations in hotter and deeper formations. Conclusions and Recommendations 1. 7. The capacitor issue identified a failure in the QC process of production.vi - Maurer Technology Inc. unexpected problems were observed. 6. performance of the current tool is probably not sufficient for commercial success. 4. A critical leadership role for the DOE is to convince the industry that future gas reserves will be produced from high-temperature reservoirs. Software changes that were required in the downhole code and tool programming code provided another opportunity to improve the robustness of the downhole tool string. they are considering the available high-temperature technologies and looking at approaches for introducing these technologies over the longer term. 2. Resetting and Power-Up Problems. 5. while it is possible to build a mudpulse MWD tool that can operate at 195ºC. rather than technological factors. Identification of Circuit Design Weaknesses. 3.Software Improvements. Voltage reference drift is another candidate for high-temperature semiconductor technology. Due to the extensive testing required and the high percentage of failing components. Results of this development effort showed that.
The Federal Trade Commission. . or 3) use cooling to keep components at acceptable operating temperatures (under 195ºC) Test new designs and components under high temperatures in the laboratory Assemble two high-temperature MWD prototype tools and test each in at least one low-temperature well to verify total system performance § § Phase II was also envisioned as part of this development. Its objective would be to test the two new high-temperature MWD prototype tools in wells being drilled in the United States where the bottom-hole temperatures were 195ºC (or the highest temperature attainable in current U. During the course of the project. continued with -1Maurer Technology Inc. This new company. required Halliburton Drilling Systems to be spun off as a separate company. HES and Dresser Industries merged. 2) develop new designs that eliminate the unavailable components.S. The tool is to include a hightemperature (195ºC) gamma-ray detector to serve as the formation identification component of the MWD system. called Pathfinder. Up to five directional/horizontal wells were planned to be used for the field tests to establish system reliability and the tool’s mean-time-between-failure (MTBF) performance. deep drilling operations. although at least 185ºC).Development of a Mud-Pulse High-Temperature Measurement-While-Drilling (MWD) System Project Objectives The overall objective of this program is to develop a mud-pulse measurementwhile-drilling (MWD) tool for oil and gas drilling operations that can be used where downhole temperatures are as high as 195ºC (383ºF). in their approval of the merger. Other components in the assembly include triaxial accelerometer and magnetometer suites to provide directional data. The work was planned to be completed in two phases: Phase I and an optional Phase II. (MTI) and Halliburton Energy Services (HES) through its Halliburton Drilling Systems Division. The objectives of Phase I were to: § § Identify critical components of existing MWD systems that can or cannot operate at 195ºC For those components that cannot meet the new 195ºC limit. Project Background This project was co-proposed by Maurer Technology Inc. employ one of the following strategies to achieve required performance: 1) locate high-temperature replacement components.
but had limited funding and could not meet the program’s cost-sharing requirements. Fortunately. Under the original proposal. Component lots found to perform satisfactorily are set aside (“binned”). The effort was also impacted by a complete change in Halliburton personnel assigned to the project. it took time before the new team came “up to speed” on the goals and objectives of the project. As would be expected. If these could not be found. These factors led to minimal resources being allocated to the project and slowed its progress. this was considered a last resort. It took one year to resolve how the contractual obligations were to be meet. since many components and sub-assemblies must be tested to find enough components that meet acceptable standards. improved replacement components were to be located and tested. However. Once components that fail were identified. interest in the effort was soon heightened after an important -2- Maurer Technology Inc. The first effect of the merger was a complete work stoppage on the project. This was further complicated as changeovers in tools and procedures were enacted under the merged companies. In addition. Halliburton's MWD and LWD services would now be handled by Sperry Sun. not a new 195ºC tool. and only minor changes were to be acceptable. This process is very costly. and progress could resume. . but would upgrade the existing Solar 175 tool for operations to 195ºC. Assembly testing also includes determining failure modes by post-mortem examinations.the improvement of HES’s MWD tools. The objective was to produce an upgraded Solar 175 tool. This significantly impacted the project. Halliburton-Sperry Sun now owned the Solar 175 tool previously developed by Sperry Sun. In the end. a former Dresser Industries company. The engineering as approach to increase temperature limits was to first test the existing tool using highlyaccelerated life testing (HALT) equipment to identify components that would function at higher temperatures and components that would fail at higher temperatures. Halliburton-Sperry Sun decided to continue with the project. the board design was modified. new designs were to be developed to replace the missing components. This tool’s upper operating temperature is 175ºC. HES had significant corporate motivation to achieve this objective since their standard tool could only be operated up to 150ºC and w below the latest industry standards in reliability. This MWD system development process was well under way when Halliburton and Dresser Industries merged. The new company thus had different incentives with respect to continuing the project. In this method. since the Sperry Sun tool was already rated to 175ºC (best in the industry at that time) compared to 150ºC for HES’s HDS-1 tool. Lots not meeting required performance levels are returned to the manufacturer or discarded. the high-temperature MWD market was considered after the merger as a niche market rather than as an opportunity to become the industry leader in high-temperature MWD. tool components are tested at the desired working conditions. HES’s HDS-1 MWD tool was to be upgraded for operation in temperatures up to 195ºC. After binning. assemblies and sub-assemblies of components are then tested. The new engineering approach was a continuation of Sperry Sun’s current “binning” process. In cases where component binning or change-out would not achieve required performance.
to aid in the drilling of guided wellbores. It communicates with other modules over the communications line. These data can be downloaded at the surface even if they are not relayed via the pulser. An example of this was the development of a high-temperature gamma detector based on Geiger Muller tubes. Results of these field tests are described in this report. and stored in random access memory (RAM) on the TM board. The TM uses 512 kB of static RAM divided into 8 kB blocks for continuous memory storage. That work is still reported here since it was good science and the knowledge gained could help in development with the Solar 195 tool. The merger resulted in some of the work accomplished previously during the project by HES later becoming superfluous to the Halliburton-Sperry Sun effort. High-Temperature MWD Tool Telemetry Module (TM). . Figure 1. At the end of the effort. Sperry Sun already had this type of detector available. The TM also conditions the electric power from the pulser/generator for use by the other modules. so that effort was stopped after the merger. Data are gathered from the gamma module and directional module. These pressure barrels are hung inside a non-magnetic collar located above the drilling assembly. Other planned activities no longer needed to be pursued since a solution already existed in the merged companies. formatted for transmission. Descriptions of the modules and their functions are presented below. System Description The high-temperature measurement-while-drilling (MWD) tool (Figure 1) is designed to send directional and formation data to the surface via mud pulses. The telemetry module controls the entire tool.customer independently approached Sperry Sun and requested MWD tools with higher temperature capabilities. Sperry Sun constructed two prototype MWD tools that were successfully tested in the laboratory at 195ºC and then field tested in Phase I. The modules that comprise the tool are housed in sealed barrels that protect the electronics from exposure to down-hole fluids and pressures. -3Maurer Technology Inc.
This allows high voltage to pass between an anode and cathode. thereby creating a pressure pulse. It is always connected to the TM and is unique among the modules in this aspect. but are what is required to achieve a statistically accurate count. Battery Module (BM). The directional module uses magnetometers and accelerometers to measure the compass direction of the bottom-hole assembly and the angle of the hole. It incorporates Geiger Muller tubes because they are rugged and able to survive high temperatures. The BM allows operation during these periods. These data along with depth are then used to calculate the trajectory of the well. The gamma module measures naturally occurring gamma radiation from formations encountered. The hydraulic pump is used to operate a poppet valve that blocks the flow of mud in the drill string. Pulser/Generator. The pulser is typically found at the top of the MWD stack. None of these tubes are redundant. Directional Module (DM). but then could not store data when the rig pumps were off. Conventional gamma sensors based on scintillation technology cannot be used in high-temperature environments because detector performance degrades rapidly at elevated temperatures. which is recorded as a single pulse. The gamma count is used to determine formation type and transition depths between formations. High-temperature lithium batteries are used in the BM. gamma data are used to steer the drilling assembly within the producing formation. -4- Maurer Technology Inc. Halliburton worked with Battery Engineering to develop higher temperature batteries for this project. In horizontal drilling. Three stacked banks of four Geiger Mueller tubes each make up the sensor section of the GM. The Geiger Muller tubes contain a gas that becomes ionized when gamma energy passes through it.Gamma Module (GM). The battery module provides power to the tool when there is no flow of drilling fluid to operate the generator. The DM is usually placed near the bottom of the MWD stack so that it will be as close as possible to the drill bit. The pulser contains turbine blades that are driven by the flowing mud to turn a generator and a small hydraulic pump. The MWD tool can operate without a BM. Power from the generator is sent to the TM for conditioning prior to being sent to the remainder of the tool. The TM controls the pulser operations and encodes data into the pulses that are received and decoded at the surface using a pressure transducer and computer. The pulses from all the tubes are added to provide the gamma count. The pulser module has two functions: to generate electrical power and to restrict the mud flow to create a pressure pulse that can be detected at the surface. .
Solar 175 System Upgrades to Increase Operating Temperature to 195ºC I. These are listed below. Special software was used to create the thermal models at 195ºC. Table 1. Directional Module (DM) • Increased the life of the DC-DC converter and reduced the amount of 5-volt drift via modifications to the DM power board.Accomplishments A number of accomplishments were achieved during the course of the project. Table 1 lists many of the modifications. clock.) § § § § § § § § Tested two MWD strings for function in an oven at 195ºC Conducted field test of prototype 195ºC MWD tool (at well temperatures from 140 to 180ºC) Tested ELCON hybrid chip with processor. operated at 200ºC at • • -5- Maurer Technology Inc. These have resulted in improved life and a more robust MWD tool at the previous temperature rating of 175ºC. as well as at higher temperatures. one with Tensor) Encouraged outside source to develop lithium/magnesium high-temperature batteries (operating temperature of 125 to 215ºC) One of this project’s greatest achievements was improvement in Sperry Sun’s current tool with changes made as a direct result of work performed under this project. (More detail is provided in other sections of this report. Developed magnetometer that Cheltenham Engineering Center. . and memory in a custom package for 700 hours at 200ºC (see Figure 3) Contracted with APS Technology to conduct study of thermoelectric cooling of downhole electronics Conducted Peltier cooling test with APS Technology Tested and improved the electronics of Sperry Sun’s Geiger Muller-based gamma detector for operation at 195ºC Developed two high-temperature magnetometers (one in-house.
This corrects reset problems at temperatures above 175ºC. Five-volt reference used in the power supply circuits prevents drift with temperature and time. This increased the life of the reference to approximately 150 hours at 200ºC.• • • Worked with Honeywell to develop and test magnetometer package for operation up to 200°C. Upgraded the CMOS analog switch on the power board. Changed the download of HC811 code. A timer chip used in the high-voltage supply circuit was found to be the cause. Processor Board • • No hardware was changed in the processor board to reach the 195ºC temperatures. The only circuit that does not operate reliably temperatures above 180ºC is the Real Time Clock. During tests on the first GM's built. it was necessary to decrease the amount of output current the device must source. the ceramic part did not fail after approximately 500 hours at 200ºC. A reference manufactured by a different vendor was located. Worked with JAE to provide accelerometer package for operation up to 200°C. we discovered that the high-voltage supply would shut down at temperatures above 183ºC. Added a brown-out monitor to the power board to insure that HC811 is reset properly. • • II. • IV. Increased main power input electrolytic capacitor life to 300 hours at 195ºC by lowering the generator supply from 24 volts to 22 volts. that required minor modification to work in Sperry Sun circuit. Built two 195ºC telemetry modules and gamma modules using the new reference chip. Tested three different parts. Changed software to add additional time delay during initialization to allow processor to recover from a Power On Reset when operating above 190ºC. at • III. Gamma Module (GM) • Screened timer chip to operate at higher temperatures. The appropriate code is stored in all 4 banks of the external EEPROM. . We screened different date -6Maurer Technology Inc. Power Board • To solve problems with voltage drift of the precision 5 -volt reference with time and temperature.
oil compensation. • • VI. A. • V. . The GM's built for this project used the screened timers.codes on these devices to find those that would work above the required 195ºC. Also tested two other timers from different vendors that will also work in this circuit. The 5-volt reference chip was changed to the new type. Pulser There were three areas (wear. Wear • • • • • • • Conical rams redesigned with increased contact area for reduced wear Conical rams retained with anti-rotation spider to eliminate coil spring wear Angle plate bearing races changed to high-grade M50 bearing steel Angle plate bearing elements changed to Silicon Nitride balls and precision machined cage Tapered roller bearing mounting mechanical shock related spalling changed to minimize Oil changed to Mobil SHC 1025 to eliminate viscosity breakdown 25-micron filter and auger to circulate oil and trap particles -7- Maurer Technology Inc. and sealing) where improvements were made to the pulser for high temperatures. Added 10 k-Ohm input impedance lines to PIC on the pulse accumulation measurement. Change of voltage measurements for Battery and Sub-bus by the PIC A/D. This improves long-term average current draw measurement reliability in the PIC. Changed divider networks from high impedance to less than 10 k-Ohms. Qualification of these new devices is still in process. Changed 5-volt supply from just a reference chip to a reference chip with a buffer and current pump system. Changed instantaneous current measurement impedance to PIC A/D by decreasing from 50 k-Ohms to 10 k-Ohms. Battery Module • • • Changed 5-volt reference chip to a Maxim brand.
work performed before the merger is referred to as “Halliburton” and work after the merger as “Sperry Sun. Good correlation between HALT and field life has been observed. High-Temperature Characterization of HDS-1 MWD/Gamma Tool Both Halliburton and Sperry Sun used HALT (highly-accelerated life testing) to characterize the HDS-1 and Solar 175 tools. Other failures required that new components be substituted for those that could not meet the temperature requirements. . eliminating components or altering the design addressed the shortcomings. The product is monitored during the test for function. Oil Compensation • • • Piston pressure compensation system replaced boot-style design Kemlon caps to reduce oil volume Pump outer case C.” Task 1. Work on many tasks was accomplished both before and after the Halliburton/Sperry Sun merger. HALT equipment allows desired cycles and rates to be programmed for each test. HALT allows accelerated life testing of components by subjecting them to vibration and temperature fluctuations. Figure 2. For circuit design failures. they can be replaced and testing continued. Sealing • • • Changed to 90-durometer O-rings Tee-seals on the bulkhead HPHT feed-through connectors for the bulkhead Project Tasks and Work Completed Following are listed the Phase I tasks with a discussion of the work conducted under each task. Halliburton and Sperry Sun were both able to identify components or circuit designs that failed as temperatures were increased to 200ºC. if desired. When components fail.• Metal screen (70 micron) oil filter with conical rams B. To clarify this distinction. Figure 2 shows the HALT equipment used by Sperry Sun. Sperry Sun HALT Equipment -8Maurer Technology Inc.
A major concern at the onset of Chip for Test the project was the performance of the microprocessor and memory chips. Design of Active Cooling System At part of the contract. Many of the components were radiation Figure 3. Halliburton located a hybrid chip manufactured by ELCON Technology of Phoenix. One reason for the difference in this philosophy is that Halliburton’s then-current tool was initially only rated to 150ºC and they realized that their product was falling behind the industry standard as a whole. It has been isolated so that only the chip will be placed in the test oven and not the circuit used to operate the chip. Connecticut. Arizona. which involved analytical and experimental work on an active cooling system. They developed an analytical model to simulate cooling of an MWD system and a dummy board.Task 2. Halliburton was successful in finding several components that demonstrated improved high-temperature performance. . that was successfully tested at 200ºC for over 700 hours. The test was halted at the time of the merger. Since the chip did not meet Sperry Sun’s configuration. Halliburton’s goal was to identify. test. but identify batches from the manufacturer that functioned at elevated temperatures. Sperry Sun chose to keep the same components (when possible). ELCON Hybrid Processor hardened. TEC Test Setup Maurer Technology Inc. Figure 3 shows the hybrid chip on a test board. Sperry Sun believed that they had already identified components with superior temperature performance and that the project’s goal to increase temperature capability to 195ºC could be accomplished by locating exceptional batches of components that could survive even higher temperatures. and was never completed or repeated. Halliburton contracted this work to APS Technology of Cromwell. and use components that were either designed to operate at higher temperatures or had been specially modified to operate at higher temperatures. Halliburton undertook and paid for the work under this subtask. using resistance heating to simulate electrical components. Figure 4. Sperry Sun’s tool currently achieved a rating of 175ºC and was a leader in the industry for temperature capabilities. Evaluation of High-Temperature Components Work under this task highlighted a fundamental difference in the approaches of Halliburton and Sperry Sun. it was not considered in their development. Figure 4 shows -9- Task 2a.
2 41.3 200.7 148.5 7 7 9.25 9.7 61.7 Thermoelectric Coolers Amps 4. Table 2 summarizes the test data.23 The test data also show that a TEC would consume considerable electrical power.96 18. .2 26.0 200.2 155.8 28. Results indicated that the TEC can reduce the board temperature from 40 to 54ºC below ambient temperature. The data show that TECs can reduce the temperature inside the pressure barrel and on the circuit boards to acceptable levels. and the efficiency of the thermoelectric device (ratio of heat pumped to thermoelectric power consumed – COP) calculated. The heat that leaks into the pressure barrel is estimated from the analytical model.6 201.58 0.1 0.4 200.10 Maurer Technology Inc.6 ÄT TEC 40. thus requiring the use of a turbine generator.4 175.18 0. Thermoelectric coolers (TEC) were used to remove heat from within a pressure barrel containing the dummy MWD board. The data show that the thermal model effectively represented the test.1 Total 21.5 162.9 Housing @180º 202.37 0.the test set-up employed by APS. 162.2 Board Max.4 49.3 148.1 202.84 99.0 148.8 Housing @TEC 203.3 161.4 29.8 167. Table 2.8 203.5 Volts 8. Thermoelectric Cooling Test Data Temperatures Time (min) 4 48 72 105 131 173 Oil 202.2 Shell 162. as was power to the dummy board. Power would then only be available when the pumps were operating.5 4.5 200.78 Watts 37.8 158.3 173.4 14.5 164.3 36.52 14.7 28.3 202.7 143.26 14.42 180.125 42.9 143.28 0. Since this is a sufficient reduction to keep the board cool in wells that are 195ºC. Thermoelectric Cooling Tests Power to the TEC was monitored.4 32.06 18.7 28. Temperature and power data were recorded as the assembly was operated in an oil bath. Figure 5.12 178.9 40.69 0.3 21. The oil bath represented fluids in a hot well just as the dummy board represented the heat generated by MWD components.5 178.6 204.2 203.5 201. Figure 5 summarizes temperatures during the test.5 9.1 53.1 201.5 201. it was found that a TEC is a possible solution.6 204. The temperature of the oil bath was manually controlled and held at 200ºC while temperatures where measured at two locations on the housing 180º apart at the inside surface of the pressure housing at the TEC and on the dummy board.0 Board Avg 162.9 200.6 144.41 Board 0 15 0 15 0 15 Power COP Leak 21.82 98.4 32. so a Dewar-type pressure housing would be .
Halliburton had made progress on developing high-temperature magnetometers and accelerometers. This makes assembly more difficult since the normal potting medium is not a good heat conductor and space would need to be provided for the dielectric when potting the system.needed to insulate the MWD electronics and keep them at rated temperatures for acceptable periods of time while the pumps were off. Unfortunately. . The best way to measure gamma radiation at higher temperatures is with Geiger Muller tubes. to achieve higher efficiency. CBG group in Austin. Both of these factors will dictate whether cooling is a more economical approach. but neither of these systems was constructed before the merger. Japan Aviation Electronics in Tokyo completed tests on accelerometers and it appeared that they had solved problems with long-term drift. Testing highlighted problems in the unit’s electronics which were modified and repaired successfully. One advantage to the Halliburton/Sperry Sun merger was that Sperry Sun already had a gamma detector based on Geiger Muller tubes. solder. In addition. Halliburton had also located a radiation-hardened hex buffer IC that was test to 250ºC (the limit of their oven). The processor and memory selected would likely have been the ELCON hybrid chip set. . Design of a High-Temperature Gamma-Ray Detector Many MWD suppliers. Halliburton had selected many different high-temperature elements before the project was temporarily halted (due to the merger). Texas. including Halliburton. the inside of the Dewar would need to be filled with a dielectric fluid. was one of the companies that quoted on the construction of a Geiger Muller-based gamma detector.11 - Maurer Technology Inc. Instead. normally use solid-state gamma detectors. Selection of High-Temperature Components for Use in MWD/Gamma Tool Both Halliburton and Sperry Sun used HALT to identify components or batches of components that performed adequately at high temperatures. Halliburton sought to develop new components and designs while Sperry Sun identified areas that could not be addressed through the batch process and redesigned the circuits to eliminate these components. In addition. these devices cannot be used at high temperatures because materials used in their construction will break down. The market size for these systems will likely remain small and the potential for development of new high-temperature components is not well defined. Task 4. Halliburton was preparing to release a purchase order at the time of the merger. Despite these drawbacks. ATEC agreed to manufacture high-temperature magnetometers at no cost in return for test data from the project. a cooling system should be considered in the future for high-temperature MWD systems. Both the generator and housing increase the cost of this system. Halliburton had received designs from two different companies. and potting materials for the 195ºC tool had all be selected. board. High-temperature passive components such as resistors and capacitors had been purchased. Task 3. Sperry Sun later performed HALT to determine changes needed to upgrade their Geiger Muller unit to 195ºC.
operating temperature can be increased. but never provided a quote to Halliburton. although with a reduction in current capacity (Table 3). At the time the project was paused due to the merger. Sperry Sun had difficulty in proving two directional packages (magnetometers and accelerometers) for the test. Work with Tensor began under Halliburton. Massachusetts. Texas.12 Maurer Technology Inc. A size DD battery with 25% magnesium can be safely used to 200ºC (as required for this MWD development). Halliburton. The low-temperature batteries would be replaced after each run. Table 3. lithium has a melting point of 180ºC. working with Battery Engineering Inc. and standard lithium batteries are normally limited to operating temperatures of 160ºC and below. . Only one of three units supplied to Sperry Sun was found to qualify at higher temperatures. Unfortunately. Tensor had indicated that they could build the 195ºC directional package. which developed failures at 160 to 165ºC due to E-prom read or write errors.Halliburton ran HALT on the TCM (telemetry communications module). or if a sacrificial nickelcadmium battery pack would be used to power the tool at lower temperatures. of Hyde Park. For the approach incorporating a sacrificial battery. while reduced to 15 A-hr. Lithium thionyl chloride batteries are normally used to provide power for MWD tools. but no contract was ever placed. had developed a lithium-magnesium battery that would operate in the temperature range of 125-214ºC. This area remains as a key item requiring additional work. If magnesium is alloyed with the lithium anode. discussions were taking place to decide if heaters would be used to maintain the temperature of the lithium/magnesium batteries at minimum operational levels. The problem components identified by Halliburton for the directional package (magnetometers and accelerometers) were never tested because they did not fit the . England and the other from Tensor in Austin. Temperature Performance of Li-Mg Batteries (DD size) Anode Type Lithium Li-Mg Li-Mg % Magnesium 0 10 25 Melting Point (ºC) 180 202 220 Max Oper Temp (ºC) 160 180 200 Current Capacity (A-hr) 26 20 15 Battery Engineering developed high-temperature batteries based on the lithium/magnesium alloy. a low-temperature battery pack would shut down and the high-temperature batteries come on-line as the tool’s temperature rose above 125ºC. is sufficient for at least 250 circulating hours downhole. These were the last individual components proven. This problem had been anticipated and would have been solved by using flash memory in place of the E-prom. One was from Sperry Sun’s internal research department in Cheltenham. Current capacity. The primary disadvantage of this recipe is that power output below 100ºC is poor.
Task 8. Low-Temperature Field Test A field test was conducted with the two Sperry Sun MWD tools prepared under this project. The temperature is 193ºC with a set point of 195ºC. Figure 6 shows the Sperry Sun tool being loaded into an oven for a high-temperature proof test. However. Design High-Temperature MWD/Gamma Tool Both Halliburton and Sperry Sun took advantage of the opportunity presented by the project to make changes in the design of their MWD tools. Since the Sperry Sun tool was much closer to a conventional (market-ready) tool. this temperature range still represented an ambitious test. Laboratory Testing The Sperry Sun tool was under constant laboratory testing during the proofing process. (See next section for details on field testing. Figure 7 shows the temperature controller during the test. Halliburton was ust beginning this task j when the merger took place. Both tools were tested and proven in this oven before field testing. While not the tool’s limit. the first test was conducted at elevated temperatures (180ºC). Sperry Sun enhanced many areas of their tool (Table 1 presents a list of major changes that were made and incorporated into their current line of tools). Task 5. Oven Controllers Task 7. through HALT testing they had identified many changes that would be required to meet the temperature goals. Task 7 was originally conceived for the Halliburton MWD tool since it was basically a new tool (in contrast to Sperry Sun’s tool. Figure 6. which had already undergone significant development and testing). Task 6.form that Sperry Sun needed.) .13 Maurer Technology Inc. this test was to be a shake-out of a new Halliburton tool and therefore was to be conducted at lower temperatures so that problems not related to temperature could be identified. working on fabrication throughout Tasks 4 and 5 since they used their current system as a base and were only modifying and substituting parts that qualified for higher-temperature service for existing parts. in one sense. . the manufacturers felt confident they had succeeded in developing high-temperature components. System Fabrication Halliburton did not have the opportunity to advance as far as system fabrication. however. Sperry Sun MWD Tool Being Prepared for Oven Test Figure 7. Originally. Sperry Sun was.
Drilling continued blind and the tool was pulled from the well on August 13. 2001 the tool stopped pulsing. Conventional Solar 175 tools were used in the beginning of the operation. Thirty minutes later. The first tool was found to have a failed pulser. 2001 – an additional 27 hours.500 ft was 160ºC. At 11:45 hours on August 2. 2001 at 23:00 hours. The poppet bearings also showed unusual wear.003 inches. 2001 at 17:30 hours (Figure 9). Total time before data transmission was lost was 26 hours. the gamma tool provided formation data including seam tops and thickness. Total time below the rotary table was 186. Total downhole hours (from the time the tool moves below the rotary table until it is returned to the surface or fails down hole) was 115 hours. The prototype 195ºC tools were then run instead of the standard Solar 175 tools. a shallow test was conducted to check for Figure 8. The first prototype tool went below the rotary table on August 1. The sidetrack was to intersect the formation up-dip above the water/gas interface. Although the barite content of the field mud was high. In addition. The second prototype tool was run into the well at 3:30 hours on August 6. The purpose of this operation was to provide directional services on a sidetrack of a straight hole. the tool reached bottom and drilling was begun.2ºC. Gamma logging of a missed interval from the previous run was begun at 18:30 hours the same day. Rig Site proper operation. Data downloaded at the surface at the end of the test showed that the tool continued to record data until 1:44 hours on August 5. 2001 at 22:00 hours. after operating on bottom for 59 hours. Texas (Figure 8). The highest temperature recorded was 187. .5 hours.14 Maurer Technology Inc. The tool stopped pulsing on August 4. The tool was pulled from the well at 2:30 hours on August 6. Figure 9. Sperry Sun’s field report is presented in Appendix A. At 22:00 the tool was on bottom drilling. Tool Preparation Each of the tools was given a post-mortem examination. At 5:30 hours on August 7. Drilling fluid had entered the tool past the poppet seals. 2001.Field Test A field test of two 195ºC MWD tools was conducted in Lavaca County. A typical tolerance for this bearing is 0. The . 2001. The well temperature at 16. the amount of wear on the bearing was unexpected. 2001. (The long trip time is the result of a rig shut-down for BOP repair.) The first recorded temperature was 178ºC.
but only further field tests would conclusively highlight the weakness(es). However. then subassemblies. Data from the tool’s telemetry module were successfully downloaded after the operation. Battery voltage was very low (which could have been caused by exposure to high temperatures). The special high-temperature batteries do not begin functioning at full voltage until they reach 125ºC. Heat could have been a factor. ultimately leading to the failure of the pulser. the pulser was also found to have failed. Tests to date also show a relatively short life for high-temperature tools – on the order of 300 hours (as compared to approximately 1000 hours for a commercial MWD tool operating at temperatures up to 150ºC). Results from these field tests indicate some progress in the development of a 195ºC tool. The vented battery may indicate that more work is needed in this area. data collected from the run would have helped determine how the electronics were performing under elevated temperatures. While the normal production staff is well qualified to manufacture tools for conventional applications. It was not apparent why the battery had vented. . Data from this run were determined to be lost. This allowed the poppet to move laterally and damage the seal. Table 4 shows additional screening costs to run HALT on components to find those that will function at 195ºC. These factors mean that the daily cost of the tool will be much higher than a conventional tool. which damaged wiring and electronic components. In addition. It was also found that the back-up battery in the telemetry module had vented. Even with a vented battery. and maintain the 195ºC tools on a continuing basis. a bearing that had been inadvertently left out during assembly caused the premature failure. These data are then used to calculate a daily cost for the tool. It was particularly unfortunate that the second tool was improperly assembled.15 - Maurer Technology Inc. For these development efforts. Costs to screen individual components. After the battery was removed. attempts to unload memory were unsuccessful due to damage from the battery fluid. Table 4 summarizes costs for the extra labor required to produce 195ºC tools. the engineering department made use of highly trained technicians and engineers to prepare these tools. it would be difficult for them to prepare. On the second tool. Economic Analysis Analysis of the economics of the 195ºC tool highlights the greatest obstacle to future commercialization. and finally completed tools for high-temperature operations are very high. . which was determined from the laboratory testing of the 195ºC tools. Failure of the pulsers appears to have been from mechanical rather than electrical causes. Daily costs are based on an operating life of 300 hours.bearing in the first tool was found to have a clearance of 0. although these batteries should have been capable of operations up to 214ºC.015 inches. demonstrating that the electronics had not failed during this run. high-temperature MWD tools are difficult to prepare. trouble-shoot.
426 $15.000 to $4. excluding manpower. The total estimated daily cost for the new tool is $14.000 Total Cost $177.062 Additional Screening Cost $48. This is calculated by subtracting the standard (expected) repair costs from the new equipment cost. making the 195ºC tool uneconomical to offer commercially. the cost of the 195ºC tool is 3 to 5 times more than a conventional tool.557 The operating time of 300 hours is equivalent to 12 days. It is unlikely that many operators will be willing to pay this price. Other costs include depreciation ($282/day) and crew charges (estimated at $1000/day). interconnects) TOTAL Standard Cost $129. .Table 4. the day rate will be $13. Table 5. The cost of a nonmagnetic drill collar to house the tool is approximately $30.505 = $161.16 Maurer Technology Inc.000 – $15.000/day for a Solar 175.000.426 $2. Operating Cost = $129.927 $1. thus.745/day. will be the cost of a standard tool plus the cost for additional screening minus the recoverable costs or. This cost compares to $3.426 $2.505 The total cost to operate the tool.062 Table 5 shows the recovered costs after a field run.248 Total Recovered Costs $6.300 $2.753 Repair Costs $104.062 + $48. and a highly technical labor force needed to maintain the prototype . Screening Costs for Higher Temperature Components Tool Module Pulser TM DM GM BM Expendables (flow gear. These estimates are based on an operating life of 300 hours. Recovered Costs Tool Module Pulser TM DM GM BM Total Standard Cost $119. Thus. This cost does not include the cost of capital to build the tools or the cost associated with the loss of technical personnel’s time when they are needed to keep these tools operating. high costs of screening parts.463.
including voltage reference drift problems . This is one of the indicators that translating the processor to a high-temperature semiconductor would be very beneficial in producing a new range of high-temperature tools. and thereby reduce the daily rate.e. oil selection. Required modifications to address these findings are still ongoing within Sperry Sun. This has led to improvements to the design of Sperry Sun’s existing magnetometers as used in the Tewkesbury tool family. . It was discovered as part of this effort t at the processor Sperry Sun was using has h anomalous behavior when being reset at high temperatures.tools. which will be beneficial across all directional work. This work in turn revealed deficiencies in the modeling methods used to correct errors introduced by temperature. Identification of Circuit Design Weaknesses. It is also clear that an important area for additional work is to determine what is possible in reducing the costs and extending the life of the 195ºC tools.. The changes that were required provided another opportunity to improve the robustness of the downhole tool string. unexpected problems were observed. Further work was done with Tensor (then Honeywell) in Austin to obtain high temperature. It is difficult to determine whether operational experience could increase operational life and reduce manufacturing and maintenance costs.17 Maurer Technology Inc. Currently. and that the DOE should aid in the development of tools for these applications. This required software changes to be made both in the downhole code and tool programming code. Work on the magnetometer included upgrades to Sperry Sun (i. it is clear that new gas discoveries will be from increasingly deeper and hotter wells. which had taken place before this contract was started with Sperry Sun. Several improvements were implemented in “O” ring selection. relatively few components of the system needed to be upgraded. It proved very difficult to get magnetometers built that perform consistently. Resetting and Power-Up Problems. and other areas. This work showed clearly some of the limitations in the screening strategy Sperry Sun was following. Tensor has included a redesign of the magnetometers with some hightemperature electronics. Tewkesbury) magnetometers in response to higher temperature requirements. Software Improvements. However. Sperry Sun d oes not foresee sufficient market size to justify the expense to estimate these parameters. Magnetometer and Calibration Improvements. Benefits to the MWD Industry Sperry Sun and the MWD industry have benefited from this program in the following areas: Pulser Improvements. As the process of screening MWD components for higher and higher temperatures was conducted. Based on project tests. Many improvements were made to the positive pulser as a result of the 175ºC programs. They are re-evaluating calibration methods for all of our directional tools used in the USA and internationally.
Conclusions and Recommendations 1.) The capacitor issue identified a failure in the QC process of production and led to a re-evaluation of tantalum capacitors and testing under high-stress conditions. the DOE could fund a study to highlight the quantity and location of current and future hightemperature reserves.000 pF) capacitor technologies can be extended. 2. (This is another candidate for high-temperature semiconductor technology. The current temperature limit of 175ºC is apparently the practical limit for conventional electronics. Currently. This conclusion is further supported by Sperry Sun’s decision to market two tools. The project has helped in clearly demonstrating the limitations of the methods Sperry Sun is currently using to produce high-temperature tools. To make high-temperature tools. which make if more difficult to compete with lower temperature tools from other manufacturers. the bulk of commercial MWD work is at temperatures below 150ºC. This apparent difference in vision may indicate that the service industry does not currently recognize what the future needs will be. while it is possible to build a mud-pulse MWD tool that can operate at 195ºC. Sperry Sun (for example) is pursuing the larger segment of the market (operations at less than 150ºC). This decision was made based on the additional costs to screen components for the Solar tools. . However. The DOE can help bridge this gap in perception by presenting data that demonstrate how much gas is located in high-temperature reservoirs. Their corporate vision is not in strict agreement with the DOE’s vision that future gas needs for the USA will be met with gas produced from deeper. one for service up to 150ºC and another (the Solar 175) tool for service from 150 to 175ºC. performance of the current tool is probably not sufficient for commercial success. which Sperry Sun subcontracted to investigate this issue. however. Based on this work. they are less certain that it will be possible to economically extend high value technologies. Results of this development effort showed that. Industry’s current R&D goals and perception of future MWD requirements do not focus on operations in hotter and deeper formations. These data may then serve to encourage the MWD industry to place resources into development of tools for high-temperature operations. hotter reservoirs.and capacitor failures. A further conclusion regarding capacitor problems is that only improving the silicon is not enough. . we need to develop designs which eliminate the need for these types of capacitors or work with manufacturers to build very high-temperature (high-capacitance) capacitors. Sperry Sun believes the temperature range of some low (<100.18 Maurer Technology Inc. Voltage reference drift proved difficult to solve because of its impact on the power supply. businesses almost always trend toward the highvolume sector(s) of business. they are considering the available high-temperature technologies and looking at approaches for introducing these technologies over the longer term. If this information describing future markets is not readily available. This work was undertaken independently (not as part of this contract) with a company.
During this period. it could require 2-3 years to develop the tools to efficiently recover them. If the DOE’s prediction of future requirements for higher and higher temperatures is correct. Completely new circuits would have to be developed to use the SOI chips now available. programming would have to be extensively modified. and an inability to meet demand can result in rapid price increases. and has been used to develop some special geothermal tools. DOE leadership and partership with industry can play a significant role in encouraging the development of high-temperature MWD tools to prepare for the future. Sperry Sun and MTI estimate that this is at least a 2-man-year effort. but more work is needed. There are several hindrances to the development of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) tools for the MWD industry. If reserves from hotter reservoirs were soon needed. then the oil and gas industries could find themselves without proper means to exploit reserves to meet the nation’s demand. 6. increasing the cost of US products and the costs to maintain the current standard of living.3.19 Maurer Technology Inc. . This could have a significant impact on the US economy. and direction. 5. Oilfield MWD could make use of SOI technology to develop the next generation of tools that could allow raising the current temperature limit (175ºC) not marginally (as seems to be the limit with conventional electronics). Tests also show a relatively short life for high-temperature tools. The DOE can encourage industry to develop critical components needed to construct new high. This does not include testing and debugging after programming. and finally completed tools for hightemperature operations are very high. prices would continue to rise. then subassemblies. Since this represents a new platform. but to as high as 300ºC. Perhaps one of the most challenging obstacles to the development of the next generation of MWD tools is the (understandable) reluctance of service companies to make obsolete their current inventories of tools. This technology already exists in a limited number of components. Increasing the operating temperature of current MWD tools will require development of a new platform for the electronics used in these tools. These factors mean that the daily cost of an MWD tool developed through binning processes will be much higher than a conventional tool. Costs to screen individual components. 4. use of a binning qualification process to build hightemperature (195ºC) MWD tools is very costly. In addition. First is the size of the task at hand. including examining other nonconventional technologies to measure primary MWD parameters. some components still need to be improved for high-temperature use including magnetometers and accelerometers needed for determining direction and trajectory of the well. This project has advanced the development of these components. Sandia National Laboratory has taken the lead role in this area and is developing or interested in the development of tools based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology to overcome high geothermal temperatures. angle. Due to the extensive testing required and the high percentage of failing components. The price of oil and gas is very volatile.
Providing funding will help reduce the risk and offset the loss for obsolescence of current inventories. .temperature platforms. which could reduce reprogramming time. It may be possible to build the current processor u sing this method. . as well as the new circuits that implement SOI technology. Critical components include the magnetometer and accelerometers. The final critical area for DOE assistance is in programming required for the new platform.20 - Maurer Technology Inc. Development of high-temperature directional packages is equally important since these are common to all MWD tools. MTI and Sperry Sun believe that the best area to start this work is to develop the primary processor chip using SOI technology.
.Appendix A Field Test Report A-1 Maurer Technology Inc.
.Technical Services Job Number: HD-MJ-10113 Solar 195 Lavaca Co. Texas <1 Aug to 14 Aug 2001> Tech Services Engineers: Harvey Mueller .
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Contents Objectives___________________________________Section 1 Purpose Goals Test Plan NEPA Information Summary and Post Run Evaluation______________Section 2 Recommendations ____________________________Section 3 Job Report __________________________________Section 4 LWD Logs __________________________________Section 5 Mud Reports ________________________________Section 6 Digital Data _________________________________Section 7 Miscellaneous _______________________________Section 8 Technical Services Job Report .
The target zone produced only water. Technical Services Job Report . Anticipated BHT was expected to be 360° F at a depth of 18400 ft. The well was sidetracked to intersect the target payzone updip and above gas/water contact. A wellbore or section of wellbore will be drilled with the motor/bit combination for an appropriately permitted well. using 18.5# oil base mud. The DOE-sponsored drilling product will be "on location" (at the wellsite) for varying lengths of time. These cuttings. whether testing of the DOE-sponsored product(s) occurs or not. − NEPA Information 4. and arranging all logistics with the operator (owner) of the well to conduct the drilling system performance test. Drill cuttings (sandstone. DOE's contractor is responsible for identifying field test opportunities. are not incremental waste. − Test Plan BHT was 321° F at a depth of 16500 toward the end of run 400 using Solar 175 tools. − Goals The development Solar 195 tools were run in this well to test the operation and survivability of these tools. determine formation tops and payzone thickness. The cuttings will be generated by the well owner's own actions (drilling operations). beginning on or about 24 Jul 2001. The open hole sidetrack was done using Solar 175 directional tools. The Solar 195 tools were run on the following and all subsequent runs. This would test of the operational capabilities of these tools. It is anticipated that the drilling system will be on location for about 1 weeks.e. ew specifically a Solar 195 Directional Gamma MWD tool. Project/Activity Description: The proposed action involves field testing a n drilling services system. The well operator/owner is responsible for proper treatment and disposition of the cuttings.. & limestone fragments) will be generated during operation/testing of the product.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Objectives − Purpose of Job This well was a sidetrack to the original straight hole. Directional tools were run to maintain directional control of the wellpath and the Natural Gamma Ray logging tool was included to correlate with offset wells. shale. in order to assess the system's performance level. i. however. The Solar 195 tools are a drop in replacement and will provide surveys and Gamma data. a well.
Testing of the motor/bits will take place in the John W.. located 29° 18' N Latitude and 96° 38' W Longitude. etc. aquifers isolated. a new well. will take place in an appropriately permitted well. thus all penetrated strata will be treated in an approved manner. using the Solar 195 Directional Gamma MWD tool. The well is owned/operated by Louis Dreyfus Natural Gas and will be located 10 mi SE of Hallettsville. The affected environment will be primarily below ground level (subsurface. Sr A-1 ST. Hancock. The surface environment in the immediate vicinity is gently rolling grassland associated with local farms and ranches. Brief Description of Affected Environment: Field performance testing of the drilling system will occur in an appropriately permitted well. The drilling. Technical Services Job Report . TX.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 5. e.g. as a well is being drilled).
After this point all Bank A. B and C were filled with 7590 or 7650.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Summary Run 500 Timeline 01 Aug 17:30 Below rotary 01 Aug 18:00 Shallow test 02 Aug 11:45 On bottom and start drilling.015. The o-rings in the seal pack was nibbled. A new bearing in the end plug measured . 05 Aug 01:54 Gap in gamma data 01:54:42 to 01:58:41 05 Aug 10:16 Gap in gamma data from 10:16:13 to 12:49:49 05 Aug 15:13 Gap in gamma data from 15:13:11 to 06 Aug 02:57:02 06 Aug 02:30 End of run Run 500 Post Run Evaluation Mk 8 Pulser 8176 Incoming: Passed resistance test but failed poppet extension and bench test. Drill ahead blind 05 Aug 01:44 Last good data point in Gamma memory. All the case seal o-rings looked good. Tear down: The pulser was full of drilling fluids. The o-ring on the poppet shaft was extruded and blown inward into the pulser. The upper bearing in this pulser measured . Where the poppet shaft rides on the seal pack the shaft showed some pitting on it. Over view: The upper bearing was also very worn. This upper bearing ring ID has an extreme amount of wear. The intermediate case was checked and it had no cracks. First recorded temperature. The origin of the drill fluid intrusion was the seal pack and the oring seal on the poppet shaft.4491. The old bearing was worn out so far it couldn't be pressed out. We control the ID to within a Technical Services Job Report .4341 This leaves a gap of . No signs of mud leaking out of the tool. The o-rings on the kemlon feedthru's were still sealing but showed some sign's of extrusion.353° F 04 Aug 23:00 Tool quit pulsing.
Drill ahead blind. = . Sub bus power was ~10 V. The wear would have allowed for more and more lateral deflection of the poppet. = . It wore . installed = . In the next 2 weeks I plan on getting the cells heated up and tested again at or above 125°C. and would fail once CIM I/O card power was removed from the SBM.0003" tolerance. The cells do appear to be near dead from room temperature evaluation.4341 Poppet shaft O.D. 13 Aug 22:00 End of run Technical Services Job Report . The battery over-current protection is also still functioning as specified.5650 = . The board is still working as it is supposed to.015" oversized diametral in a relatively short amount of time.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 .5675 = . A new end plug assembly was picked out at random and was measured. Manually enabled sub bus power from the batteries. currents. Tear down: Tested the SBM electronics at 195°C. and temperature correctly. New housing New bearing O. begin drilling 06 Aug 05:30 Tool quit pulsing.D.4341 BM 146746 Incoming: Downloaded memory data successfully using INSITE.4353 New bearing I. It appears the batteries were depleted. It is measuring the battery voltages.D. perhaps due to the short in the end plug.D. Their present poor performance could be due to the cold room temperature. New bearing I. Overview: Run 600 Timeline 06 Aug 03:30 Below Rotary 06 Aug 18:30 Begin reaming to log Gamma over section lost when tool failed on previous run 06 Aug 22:00 On bottom.
BM 146747 Technical Services Job Report . This caused premature failure in the bootless top end and the breaking of the poppet cap.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Run 600 Post Run Evaluation Mk 8 Pulser 8178 Incoming: Passed resistance test but failed poppet extension and bench test. The poppet cap was broken. Over view: The upper bearing was not installed and caused the failure of the pulser. Overview: The backup battery caused the failure on the TM. The backup battery was removed and we attempted to communicate with the electronics but were unable to as the vented cell damaged the boards. The intermediate case was checked and it had no cracks. All the case seal o-rings looked good. The origin of the drill fluid intrusion was the seal pack and the oring seal on the poppet shaft. TM 146620 Incoming: We were unable to communicate with the TM. Tear down: Upon pulling the electronics from the case it was found that the backup battery had vented which damaged the wiring to the electronics package. Tear down: The pulser was full of drilling fluids. It has not yet been determined what caused the backup battery to vent. The o-rings on the kemlon feedthru's were still sealing but showed some sign's of extrusion. There was no upper bearing in the end cap. The poppet shaft had two groves in it where it was hitting the end cap.
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Recommendations Technical Services Job Report .
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Job Report − End of Well Report Technical Services Job Report .
#A-1 ST Wildcat U.S.A. HD-MJ-10113 08-Jul-01 42-285-32871-01 . Hancock Sr.End of Well Report for Louis Dreyfus Natural Gas Rig: Well: Field: Country: Job No: Date: API No: H & P 89 John W.
: John W. 2.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. 6. General Information Operational Overview Summary of MWD Runs Bitrun Summary Directional Survey Data Service Interrupt Report Job No. 3.Table of Contents 1. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page ii . 5. 4.
Hancock Sr.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. Hancock Sr.526 K.General Information Company: Rig: Well: Field: Country: API Number: Sperry-Sun Job Number: Job start date: Job end date: North reference: Declination: Dip angle: Total magnetic field: Date of magnetic data: Wellhead coordinates N: Wellhead coordinates E: Vertical section direction: MWD Engineers: Louis Dreyfus Natural Gas H & P 89 John W. McCoy L. 42-285-32871-01 HD-MJ-10113 08-Jul-01 09-Aug-01 Grid 5.223 01-Jan-70 29 deg.138 58.640 sec North 96 deg. 18 min 1.350 sec West 122. Patton R. 38 min 34.: John W.A.842 48529. Coates John W. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 1 .S. Bufford deg deg nt Company Representatives: Company Geologist: Lease Name: Unit Number: State: County: D. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST Wildcat U. Texas Lavaca Job No. Motl deg T.
F. Run 300 began 19-Jul and was completed 20-Jul after MWD quit pulsing after 16. Tool logged 2 hours after failure before short in end plug turned the subbus off. Maximum temperature prior to failure was 360°F. The sidetrack was completed 12-Aug at a measured depth of 17777. and maximum temperature recorded in tool was 367 deg. Post-run inspection revealed damaged marine bearings. MWD tool RPM's dropped from 3200 to 2200 during the run. at 16719' MD.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. Tool RPM's ran from 3900 at start of run to 2200 at end of run. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 2 . Run 600 with Solar 195 tool began 06-Aug 17173' MD. Hancock Sr.ª« Job No. Tool sent to R & M for testing. MWD services began 08-Jul-01. Run 500 was the first run for the Solar 195 tool. Drilled ahead 19 hours without real-time MWD. A-1 well. The run started 01-Aug. Hancock Sr. Post run inspection revealed damaged marine bearings.Operational Overview Sperry-Sun Drilling Services was contracted to provide Solar 175 MWD and directional drilling services for sidetracking the John W. Maximum temperature during run was 332°F. MWD setup was changed to compensate for RPM loss during run. Logged 130' of data lost on prior run and started drilling at 2200 06-Aug.5 circulating hours. The run started 09-Jul and was completed at 14212' MD 12-Jul after 50 circulating hours. Run 400 began 21-Jul and was completed 31-Jul after 213 circulating hours. Pulser failed post-run retraction test.: John W. MWD tool RPM's caused the intermittent pulsing during the run and ranged from 3200 at run start to 1200 at end of run. Run 100 was a directional only run to open hole sidetrack the well at 14153' MD. but caused no problems during the run. MWD quit pulsing after 55 circulating hours. Pulser failed post-run poppet extension test. Drilled ahead to TD without MWD. MWD quit pulsing at 05:30 07-Aug. Pulser failed post-run retraction test. Run 200 directional / gamma run began 12-Jul and was completed at 15094' MD after 136 circulating hours.
Summary of MWD runs
0100 0200 0300 0400 0500 0600 0601 4000
0100 0200 0300 0400 0500 0600 0600 0
Hole Size (in)
6.75 6.75 6.75 6.75 6.75 6.75 0.00 0.00
DIR DIR-GR DIR-GR DIR-GR DIR-GR DIR-GR
Start Depth (ft)
14153.00 14212.00 15094.00 15195.00 16719.00 17173.00 17173.00 0.00
End Drill/Wipe Run Start Depth Distance Date Time (ft) (ft)
14212.00 15094.00 15195.00 16719.00 17173.00 17777.00 17777.00 0.00 59.00 882.00 101.00 1524.00 454.00 604.00 604.00 0.00 09-Jul-01 20:00 12-Jul-01 14:00 19-Jul-01 12:00 21-Jul-01 01:00 01-Aug-01 17:30 06-Aug-01 03:30 06-Aug-01 03:30 09-Aug-01 16:17
Run End Date Time
12-Jul-01 14:00 19-Jul-01 11:00 20-Jul-01 23:00 31-Jul-01 13:30 06-Aug-01 02:30 13-Aug-01 22:00 13-Aug-01 22:00 09-Aug-01 16:17
BRT Oper. Circ. Hrs. Hrs. Hrs.
66.00 165.00 35.00 252.50 105.00 186.50 186.50 0.00 66.00 165.00 35.00 252.50 105.00 186.50 186.50 0.00 50.00 136.00 18.00 213.00 74.00 106.00 106.00 0.00
Max. Serv. Trip for Failure Temp. Int. MWD Type (degF)
302.00 289.00 304.00 318.00 353.00 360.00 360.00 0.00 No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No Pulser Pulser Pulser Pulser
Job No.:HD-MJ-10113 Well No.:
John W. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST
End of Well Report
Run Time Data
MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ. Hrs : Oper. Hrs : 0100 0100 6.75 in 09-Jul-01 20:00 12-Jul-01 14:00 66.00 50.00 66.00 End Depth : Footage : Avg. Flow Rate : Avg. RPM : Avg. WOB : Avg. ROP : Avg. SPP :
Start Depth : 14153.00 ft 14212.00 ft 59.00 234.00 40.00 2.00 2.00 3000.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W :
Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 15.00 TR 90/10 0.00 mptm lhf2 % 90.00 spqt 0.00 58.00 40 53.5 302.00 Weight / Visc : 18.10
gpm PV / YP :
pH/Fluid Loss: 0.00
psig Max. Temp. :
(9) (3) Component
Length (ft) O.D. (in) I.D. (in)
(5) 09. 08. (4) (1) 3. MARK VII SN : 102 2. Telemetry Module (3) SN : 132003 (2) 0.00 ft Distance from Bit 1. Directional Module SN : 90554 (1) 0.00 ft Distance from Bit 07. 06. 05. 04. 03. 02. 01. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub Drilling Jars 3x Drill collar 1 x Non-Mag Drill Collar DWD SlimHole Float Sub 4-3/4"SperryDrillLobe 4/5-6.3s Diamond 184.78 2.67 30.15 89.41 31.19 28.61 2.33 25.12 0.54 4.000 5.188 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 6.750 2.560 2.250 2.250 2.250 2.250 2.810 2.250 2.794 1.920
Time drilled to sidetrack well. POOH to change bit type and BHA. 100% MWD Run. Tool Setup: 35 IMP / 30 IFA Stator / 1.675 DT Tool OD / Type :
4.75 in / HH 100.00 0.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 100.00 MWD Recorded%: 0.00 Min. Inc. : Max. Inc. : Final Az. : Max Op. Press. : 4.40 4.50 120.50 % / % / deg / deg / deg
14145.00 ft 14113.00 ft
John W. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST
End of Well Report
Run Time Data
MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ. Hrs : Oper. Hrs : 0200 0200 6.75 in 12-Jul-01 14:00 19-Jul-01 11:00 165.00 136.00 165.00 End Depth : Footage : Avg. Flow Rate : Avg. RPM : Avg. WOB : Avg. ROP : Avg. SPP :
Start Depth : 14212.00 ft 15094.00 ft 882.00 234.00 45.00 10.00 5.00 3200.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W :
Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 90/10 0.00 mptm 16.00 lhf2 % 64.00 spqt 0.00 63.00 39.44 54 289.00 Weight / Visc : 17.90
gpm PV / YP :
pH/Fluid Loss: 0.00
psig Max. Temp. :
(4) (11) Component
Length (ft) (10) (9) O.D. (in) I.D. (in)
(7) 11. (2) 4. MARK VII SN : 90 (6) 10. 09. (5) 08. 07. 06. 05. 04. 03. 02. 01. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub 3x Drill collar 2x Drill collar Drilling Jars Drill collar 1 x Non-Mag Drill Collar DGWD SlimHole Float Sub 4-3/4"SperryDrillLobe 4/5-6.3s PDC 184.78 2.67 91.90 60.00 30.15 29.41 31.19 28.61 2.33 25.10 1.00 4.000 5.188 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 4.750 6.750 2.560 2.250 2.250 2.375 2.250 2.375 2.250 2.810 2.250 2.794 2.560
3. Telemetry Module SN : 86654 (4) 0.00 ft Distance from Bit 2. Directional Module SN : 90554 (3) 0.00 ft Distance from Bit (2) 1. Gamma Module SN : 156070 0.00 ft Distance from Bit (1)
Drilled ahead with sliding to build angle. POOH to switch MWD tool failure, change bit and motor. Tool config.30 deg. stator, 35 deg. imp, 1.675 DT orifice. Tool OD / Type :
4.75 in / HH 100.00 0.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 100.00 MWD Recorded%: 100.00 Min. Inc. : Max. Inc. : Final Az. : Max Op. Press. : 3.20 30.20 116.10 % / % / deg / deg / deg
14174.00 ft 15004.00 ft
John W. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST
End of Well Report
00 ft Distance from Bit (1) Comments POOH for MWD.Bitrun Summary Run Time Data MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub 3x Drill collar 2x Drill collar Drilling Jars Drill collar 1 x Non-Mag Drill Collar SOLAR DGWD SlimHole Float Sub 4-3/4" SperryDrill 4/5 6.. : 31.810 2.560 (1) 3.08 psig Job No. Hancock Sr.750 4.00 Weight / Visc : 17.00 4.00 Min.33 25.250 2. WOB : Avg. Telemetry Module SN : 132003 (4) 0. Inc.00 5. : Final Az. (2) 4. : Max. hrs.00 238. 02. 04.750 4. Inc. Hrs : Oper.250 2.D.00 35.750 6.75 in / HH 90. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 6 .5 circ.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 90.250 2.750 4.750 4.: John W. 07. Directional Module SN : 122099 (3) 0. Tool flatlined after 16.00 ft Distance from Bit 2.000 5. (in) I. 09.00 18.00 30.5 54 304.250 2.00 40.61 2.00 3200.750 2.00 psig Max. 01.00 45.375 2. Tool Setup: 35 IMP / 30 IFA / 1.20 118.19 28. Flow Rate : Avg.00 ft 14055. Hrs : 0300 0300 6.00 0.00 spqt 0.00 ft 15195.00 End Depth : Footage : Avg.D.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. : Max Op.00 MWD Recorded%: 90. Gamma Module SN : 78005 0.3 stg PDC 184.00 ft 101.67 91. RPM : Avg.15 29. 03. (5) 08. Temp. 05.41 31.90 60.675 DT Tool OD / Type : MWD Performance 4. ROP : Avg.00 ft 15131.750 4.78 2. : MWD Schematics (4) (11) Component BHA Schematics Length (ft) (10) (9) O.560 2.00 34.90 gpm PV / YP : pH/Fluid Loss: 0. Press. (in) (3) (8) (7) 11.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W : Mud Data Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 91/9 0.188 4.794 2.750 4.250 2. MARK VII SN : 102 (6) 10. SPP : Drilling Data Start Depth : 15094.00 5.750 4.00 mptm 16.00 lhf2 % 75.01 1.375 2.00 60. 06.00 ft Distance from Bit (2) 1.75 in 19-Jul-01 12:00 20-Jul-01 23:00 35.60 % / % / deg / deg / deg 15036.
5 318. Directional Module SN : 90554 (3) 0. Hancock Sr.750 4.30 48.00 4.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 100.00 lhf2 % 90. 04. 03.250 2.750 2. 07. 1. Flow Rate : Avg.250 2.ª«35 impeller.5 53. 01.74 psig Job No. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 7 . 06.750 6.00 psig Max.00 ft 1524.375 2. Hrs : 0400 0400 6.50 213.250 2.ª« Tool OD / Type : MWD Performance 4.375 2.810 2. (in) (3) (8) (7) 11.75 in / HH 100. WOB : Avg.00 mptm 28. ROP : Avg.00 74. (2) 4. (in) I.78 2.33 24.00 spqt 0. (5) 08.00 3300.50 End Depth : Footage : Avg.19 28.00 ft 15996.675 orifice. 05.: John W.00 0. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub 3x Drill collar 2x Drill collar Drilling Jars Drill collar 1 x Non-Mag Drill Collar SOLAR DGWD SlimHole Float Sub 4-3/4" SperryDrill 4/5 6. Gamma Module SN : 156070 0.750 4.00 252.000 5. and test BOP's.00 Min.750 4.00 ft 16661.90 60.750 4.750 4.3 stg PDC 184.Bitrun Summary Run Time Data MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ. : Max Op. 41 stator.750 4.D. Temp.15 29. MARK VII SN : 76 (6) 10. POOH to switch BHA.D.250 2.794 2.188 4.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W : Mud Data Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 91/9 0.00 ft Distance from Bit 2.10 % / % / deg / deg / deg 15131.00 ft Distance from Bit (1) Comments 100 % MWD run. 02.00 ft 16719.00 41. Telemetry Module SN : 86654 (4) 0. : MWD Schematics (4) (11) Component BHA Schematics Length (ft) (10) (9) O. MWD because of hours. Inc. : 34.40 1.00 64.00 215.00 ft Distance from Bit (2) 1.67 91.00 30.750 4.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. Hrs : Oper.00 Weight / Visc : 18.00 8. : Max.250 2.41 31.30 119.00 MWD Recorded%: 100. RPM : Avg.560 (1) 3.61 2. Inc. 09. Press.00 8.560 2.75 in 21-Jul-01 01:00 31-Jul-01 13:30 252.40 gpm PV / YP : pH/Fluid Loss: 0. SPP : Drilling Data Start Depth : 15195. : Final Az.
87 152.560 2. Mark VIII SN : 8176 (7) 11.68 24.750 4.00 Min. WOB : Avg. Hrs : Oper. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 8 .50 gpm PV / YP : pH/Fluid Loss: 0. Orifice 1.00 mptm 7.30 49.50 31.D.688 2. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub 5x Drill collar Drilling Jars 1x Drill collar 1x Non-Mag Drill collar DGWD SlimHole Float Sub Integral Blade Stabilizer 4-3/4"SperryDrillLobe4/5-6. : Max Op.00 74.15 30.12 24.00 spqt 0. 01. Battery Probe SN : 146746 0.00 0.750 6.00 Weight / Visc : 18.00 ft 454.Bitrun Summary Run Time Data MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ.00 End Depth : Footage : Avg. Directional Module SN : 146618 50.00 41. (5) 07.250 3.750 4.500 2.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W : Mud Data Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 91/9 0.00 ft Distance from Bit (1) Comments MWD Failure. (in) (4) (8) (3) 5. Gamma Module (3) SN : 146171 44.3st PDC 184.78 1. Hrs : 0500 0500 6.250 2.250 2.625 4. : Max. (in) I. 06.750 4.750 4.188 4. stator 41.07 30.00 12.41 5.250 1. Press.10 ft Distance from Bit (2) 1. 08.000 5. : 48.00 48.794 2. Temp.00 4.00 psig Max. (6) 09. 10. SPP : Drilling Data Start Depth : 16719.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.00 lhf2 % 63.560 (2) 4.00 ft 16434.D.00 3200.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 70.938 2. 03. RPM : Avg. Flow Rate : Avg.47 2. Hancock Sr. Inc. : Final Az. 04.00 211.28 ft Distance from Bit (1) (4) 2.750 2. 05. ROP : Avg.5 53 353. Inc.00 ft 17173.75 in / HH 70.750 4.00 105. : MWD Schematics (5) (11) Component BHA Schematics Length (ft) (10) (9) O.250 2. Telemetry Module SN : 146619 0.: John W.75 in 01-Aug-01 17:30 06-Aug-01 02:30 105.6375.80 % / % / deg / deg / deg 16662.00 10.00 MWD Recorded%: 70.00 ft Distance from Bit 3.40 1.750 4.81 psig Job No.10 119.00 ft 16757. impeller 35 Tool OD / Type : MWD Performance 4.00 55. 02.
750 2.794 2.: John W. 01. ROP : Avg.D. Mark VIII SN : 8178 (7) 11. (6) 09.78 1. Flow Rate : Avg.00 ft Distance from Bit 3. 04. Hrs : Oper.00 Weight / Visc : 18.00 186.69 25.60 gpm PV / YP : pH/Fluid Loss: 0. : Final Az. Press.00 Min. Temp. Tool OD / Type : MWD Performance 4.12 1.3st PDC 184.000 5.00 5. Hancock Sr.00 ft rpm klb fph Mud Type : Chlorides : Solids/Sand : %Oil / O:W : Mud Data Oil Based ppg / mg/l cp / % / % / pH / degF 90/10 0.688 2. SPP : Drilling Data Start Depth : 17173.00 spqt 0.75 in / HH 25.750 4. RPM : Avg.750 6.00 ft Distance from Bit (2) 1.00 5.00 % % MWD Real-time%: 25. Gamma Module (3) SN : 146170 0.750 4.50 31. 41/35.00 55. (in) I. 05.00 MWD Recorded%: 25.560 2. (5) 07.00 3200.D. Inc.00 ft 17777.75 in 06-Aug-01 03:30 13-Aug-01 22:00 186.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.250 2.625 4. : 48.750 4.12 28.250 2.50 End Depth : Footage : Avg.00 42 52 360. Drilled to TD without realtime MWD.61 2. 1. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 9 .00psig Job No.15 30. WOB : Avg.00 lhf2 % 74. : Max.00 4. Hrs : 0600 0600 6.50 106.00 ft 17012. 06.750 4. : Max Op. (in) (4) (8) (3) 5. 08.750 4.250 2.87 152.560 (2) 4.Bitrun Summary Run Time Data MWD Run : Rig Bit No: Hole Size : Run Start : Run End : BRT Hrs : Circ. Inc.00 0.00 ft Distance from Bit (1) Comments MWD quit pulsing after 13 circulating hours. 6x HWDP Cross Over Sub 5x Drill collar Drilling Jars 1x Drill collar 1x Non-Mag Drill collar DGWD SlimHole Float Sub Integral Blade Stabilizer 4-3/4"SperryDrillLobe4/5-6.750 4.00 49.00 ft Distance from Bit (1) (4) 2.41 4.00 ft 166842. Directional Module SN : 146617 0. 10.250 3.188 2.500 2.00 230.07 30. 02.30 122. : MWD Schematics (5) (11) Component BHA Schematics Length (ft) (10) (9) O.60 % / % / deg / deg / deg 17141.10 48. 03.250 2.00 psig Max.00 ft 604. Battery Probe SN : 146747 0.188 4.650 DT orifice.00 mptm 9. Telemetry Module SN : 146620 0.
53 15168.70 119.41 14263.35 108.00 14716.27 -43.74 14200.70 118.28 14545.36 90.90 15.97 -73.74 95.43 17.70 Page 12 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 23.50 122.72 21.41 6.: Departure (feet) Vertical Section (feet) -78.30 35.49 35.61 14667.49 -71.31 Latitude (feet) 109.00 14493.01 3.32 148.23 271.04 -30.78 272.91 165.83 324.47 1.00 120.80 10.40 14.30 117.60 115.94 51.50 4.00 14813.80 137.80 5.86 15.30 116.90 5.48 2.00 15036.32 76.95 43.56 1.61 135.62 12.52 9.30 159.39 87.76 2.70 0. Hancock Sr.07 181.56 5.90 115.31 80.30 18.70 13.00 15099.78 162.00 14206.92 50.60 11.40 HD-MJ-10113 Vertical Depth (feet) 14067.02 91.10 120.90 7.10 115.00 14941.39 2.00 14461.06 -66.50 2.11 14514.39 15067.20 28.70 30.40 9.39 14904.00 15290.67 118.06 42.93 215.00 14845.39 13.00 14238.70 142.45 Dogleg (deg/100f) TIE-IN 2.60 Job No.00 14145.90 14139.85 10. #A-1 ST End of Well Report .00 15321.80 39.00 14333.00 117.96 42.10 117.37 2.69 5.55 233.77 6.00 15258.04 46.30 12.04 14697.47 -69.75 1.30 239.00 14877.65 -59.37 2.44 10.05 2.26 -23.00 116.Directional Survey Data Measured Depth (feet) 14072.31 14606.26 66.73 4.82 -75.10 38.83 17.11 104.80 8.43 85.37 8.59 15193.52 17.15 7.85 3.50 9.03 14636.80 24.50 19.50 18.89 14817.04 14932.67 30.36 14575.37 14758.38 78.00 Inclination (degrees) 3.28 307.41 15118.10 14294.00 169.05 4.00 15226.00 14113.63 2.20 21.59 8.27 14357.00 14429.44 98.00 14269.50 154.70 16.70 117.70 27.20 5.70 25.30 14986.80 116.34 65.70 -70.79 110.70 116.55 311.35 -37.35 55.84 20.00 68.59 4.40 121.92 3.71 14326.00 14652.41 8.84 20.30 124.50 39.84 2.81 3.00 14909.50 23.90 177.00 15068.60 115.18 5.03 18.06 255.80 37.00 14684.00 14525.64 14232.73 331.50 2.32 14728.12 30.00 14301.39 223.18 60.82 39.00 15131.13 4.70 147.69 -54.23 4.76 148.49 2.16 29.10 143.30 20.58 87.00 15004.20 11.00 15194.33 3.00 38.: Direction (degrees) 105.90 115.75 115.60 12.45 -7.28 75.19 14420.64 25.37 4.82 47.29 252.84 -49.00 14749.90 116.00 14365.28 14787.68 4.85 15014.17 192.00 118.82 3.03 53.48 99.76 14389.00 31.00 34.12 4.20 15.56 14451.86 133.31 107.59 18.91 56.88 W W W W W W W W W W W W W E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E John W.24 65.31 207.40 116.34 3.02 77.26 14846.86 14483.75 21.00 14588.68 5.00 117.50 115.19 15040.48 177.00 15162.82 16.60 33.00 14973.00 14107.16 15143.48 22.66 38.97 3.30 120.44 14875.00 14174.00 23.31 70.80 14168.00 14557.08 -15.20 131.04 106.50 195.40 3.18 36.44 2.90 186.86 103.71 29.31 14959.82 -63.20 31.53 197.80 17.74 59.30 118.77 4.41 15217.69 291.03 15092.03 97.00 14781.16 105.00 113.88 290.82 4.00 14620.99 Well No.00 14397.30 14.
35 1.18 654.12 1253.71 1.09 553.10 118.90 45.45 862.24 883.20 267.68 429.16 15265.88 593.96 346.27 1160.21 613.45 15611.32 226.76 1230.57 675.70 42.92 441.00 16054.70 46.54 1.00 15511.86 1.47 15521.18 945.00 16342.70 43.00 16182.00 15895.90 46.58 16161.57 327.02 360.90 119.90 976.56 2.25 0.00 44.20 1022.02 530.69 1087.60 114.50 0.00 43.47 566.40 16007.39 E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E John W.56 1.25 1066.76 455.00 16501.90 117.40 15429.30 15359.79 655.66 925.15 15406.15 16074.00 16246.50 46.63 588.23 371.15 0.80 116.13 632.06 186.38 15920.62 156.94 16139.53 1206.61 716.90 115.00 15607.38 544.00 16214.09 15701.93 Page 13 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 342.30 115.39 4.35 15898.16 3.47 1.10 118.76 15832.05 1107.67 15313.85 356.72 366.26 396.00 16310.20 118.46 15964.96 757.40 435.50 114.00 15671. #A-1 ST End of Well Report .65 1277.36 0.00 15766.28 792.93 678. Hancock Sr.98 0.20 117.70 41.45 15566.07 999.50 514.77 0.80 118.00 16565.75 416.20 46.10 116.36 2.12 814.90 117.39 Dogleg (deg/100f) 1.20 117.69 952.97 15788.55 15498.06 196.75 1.10 116.80 40.00 Inclination (degrees) 39.96 0.98 1148.76 15383.10 HD-MJ-10113 Vertical Depth (feet) 15241.66 0.90 47.10 46.49 929.51 15452.00 16437.00 117.55 418.46 236.99 Well No.54 507.99 573.20 44.33 0.07 485.88 1.92 126.80 116.77 1.05 456.50 46.70 118.Directional Survey Data Measured Depth (feet) 15352.00 46.10 378.10 116.80 746.25 736.96 15766.40 45.80 47.06 799.70 519.54 15744.60 297.51 769.70 118.73 397.46 541.70 46.71 1.70 43.56 317.00 16150.50 114.00 15863.26 1.60 115.20 860.86 611.40 44.90 115.41 15876.80 146.94 136.50 117.60 46.71 407.20 116.77 0.35 522.00 15735.37 15656.17 16096.00 15384.98 837.74 1114.52 287.78 494.87 392.80 44.38 1.40 2.70 44.67 1.60 119.20 474.00 15959.00 117.00 16629.00 15639.32 1045.85 904.00 16533.37 1183.23 1.20 114.17 1.69 246.05 695.60 46.00 16086.: Direction (degrees) 119.12 16117.00 15479.28 3.80 119.00 16023.10 118.70 115.84 986.26 534.00 15991.59 1169.66 0.40 277.53 0.35 906.76 778.74 883.00 16661.66 257.00 16597.12 723.08 820.51 1068.90 46.30 42.40 46.55 1.10 117.62 0.00 15543.00 16278.43 376.45 15942.57 15475.20 435.48 701.00 15448.35 15543.20 47.60 307.60 117.60 118.60 45.49 1127.30 46.47 336.13 463.39 496.27 1.00 16118.00 15927.00 16374.10 206.00 15831.30 45.40 119.72 478.16 166.59 15289.10 117.05 3.: Departure (feet) Vertical Section (feet) 351.20 117.51 965.70 48.00 15416.94 634.85 16052.26 1026.94 15634.62 0.47 500.00 Latitude (feet) 116.09 176.90 15810.00 46.45 15336.56 15854.10 43.80 46.30 44.70 116.20 841.00 15703.60 45.33 15723.76 15679.86 15589.60 46.88 414.00 15799.37 0.20 216.20 386.00 15575.30 Job No.
61 0.00 Job No.72 1481.Directional Survey Data Measured Depth (feet) 16693.20 121.16 1358.35 1349.10 48.17 721.80 16392.10 48.87 1399.65 S S S S S S S S S Departure (feet) 1190.44 Latitude (feet) 553.60 48.63 599.80 121.94 1.00 17077. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 14 .83 0.30 48.57 1397.79 696.00 49.00 17777.99 623.53 576.30 118.15 1317.00 16821.61 976.00 17141.00 16757.60 Vertical Depth (feet) 16182.80 48.00 16885.14 16224.: John W.74 1493.46 1232.20 48.08 16266.60 122.80 119.11 Dogleg (deg/100f) 2.70 16903.71 16436.35 16350.10 119.59 0.73 2110.88 0.82 0.66 0.00 16478.40 1440.90 122.30 48.57 1540.31 0.06 1636.10 Direction (degrees) 118.00 Inclination (degrees) 49.10 119.00 17012.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.00 16949.92 670. Hancock Sr.04 1879.11 16308.57 1589.92 1275.84 E E E E E E E E E Vertical Section (feet) 1301.75 1445.37 646.
#A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 15 .: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.00 FEET IS 2118. BUFFORD.45 DEGREES (GRID) TIE-IN SURVEY AT 14072' MD IS PROVIDED BY MULTI-SHOT. SPERRY-SUN ENGINEERS. Hancock Sr. Job No. MCCOY AND T.98 DEG FROM MAGNETIC NORTH TO GRID NORTH HAS BEEN APPLIED HORIZONTAL DISPLACEMENT IS RELATIVE TO THE WELL HEAD. SURVEYS FROM 14113' MD TO 17141' MD IS PROVIDED BY SPERRY-SUN MWD. K.: John W.53 DEGREES (GRID) A TOTAL CORRECTION OF 3.41 FEET ALONG 117. HORIZONTAL DISPLACEMENT(CLOSURE) AT 17777. SURVEY AT 17141' MD IS PROJECTED TO TD AT 17777' MD.Directional Survey Data CALCULATION BASED ON Minimum Curvature METHOD SURVEY COORDINATES RELATIVE TO WELL SYSTEM REFERENCE POINT TVD VALUES GIVEN RELATIVE TO DRILLING MEASUREMENT POINT VERTICAL SECTION RELATIVE TO WELL HEAD VERTICAL SECTION IS COMPUTED ALONG A DIRECTION OF 122.
Hancock Sr. Description of Failure Tool quit pulsing. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 18 . etc. Delayed data delivery 24 hrs... Reason for Failure Pulser failed poppet retraction test.00 MWD Run start time/date : 01-Aug-01 17:30 MWD Run end time/date : 06-Aug-01 02:30 Rig Activity Drilling ahead. changed pressure tranducer.5 hrs without MWD. Operation Impact POOH for MWD. Job No. Action Taken Cycled pumps. Lost 130' of data. Drilled ahead 19.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.00 ft 18. changed flow rates.Service Interrupt Report MWD run number : Rig Bit Number : 0500 0500 Time/Date of Failure : Depth at time of Failure : Lost Rig Hours : 04-Aug-01 23:00 17015. BM shorted sub bus. 20 hrs lost rig time.: John W.
: John W. Surface test revealed a broken poppet. delayed data delivery 96 hrs. etc. Operation Impact POOH for MWD. Hancock Sr. Action Taken Cycled pumps.: HD-MJ-10113 Well No. Reason for Failure Found nut on top of poppet. Poppet failed poppet retraction test..00 MWD Run start time/date : 06-Aug-01 03:30 MWD Run end time/date : 13-Aug-01 22:00 Rig Activity Drilling ahead. changed pressure tranducer.Service Interrupt Report MWD run number : Rig Bit Number : 0600 0600 Time/Date of Failure : Depth at time of Failure : Lost Rig Hours : 07-Aug-01 05:30 17233. and was unable to communicate with TM. Description of Failure Tool quit pulsing. Job No. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 19 . Drilled ahead to TD without MWD..00 ft 0. changed flow rates. Lost 600' of data.
Sperry-Sun. Hancock Sr. #A-1 ST End of Well Report Page 20 .: HD-MJ-10113 Well No.: John W. A Halliburton Company Job No.
Depths below this point are from Solar 195 Gamma tool. Technical Services Job Report . Last reading from Solar 175 Gamma at 16681.TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 LWD Logs − Gamma Ray MD log from 16610 to 16760.
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Rate of Penetration (SROP) 200 feet per hr 0 Solar 175 Gamma Ray (GRS3) api 0 150 Temp TM Temperature MD Survey (TSM3) 250 fahrenheit 350 MD 16629 INC 47.1 AZ 118.9 16650 MD 16661 INC 48.1 MD 16681 Last Gamma reading Run 400 MD 16693 16700 INC 49.3 GRS3 MD 16719 End Run 400 TSM3 16750 SROP MD 16757 INC 49.0 AZ 118.8 Solar 175 Gamma Ray (GRS3) api 0 150 Temp TM Temperature MD Survey (TSM3) 250 fahrenheit 350 Rate of Penetration (SROP) 200 feet per hr 0 Technical Services Job Report .3 AZ 119.7 AZ 118.
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Mud Reports Technical Services Job Report .
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Digital Data − INSITE adi backup with Data directory on MO disk Technical Services Job Report .
TS01-001-HT195: <Solar 195> 01 Aug 2001 – 14 Aug 2001 Miscellaneous Technical Services Job Report .