Corporate Standard

Dept / Issued by

STD 5062,2E
Page

6857 Hans Lilja

Issue

5

Established

2004-03 JOG

1(113)

NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.

Geometrical tolerances
Indication, definitions and measuring principles

Orientation
This issue differs from issue 4 in that the standard no longer applies to new design. For new designs, standards STD 112-0003, STD 112-0004 (Volvo Group), VCS 5062,29 and VCS 5062,39 (Volvo Car Corporation) shall be used. This standard conforms to SS-ISO 1101-1984 with the following exceptions: − The standard contains measuring principles and rules for measuring which are to be followed when interpreting the requirements. This is not included in ISO 1101. − A cylindrical tolerance zone is defined at angularity of a line. This is not done in ISO 1101. − At Volvo, theoretically exact dimensions need only be framed if there is risk of misinterpretation. According to ISO 1101, the values shall always be framed. − The standard contains rules for the evaluation of abstract (unreal) features. This is not included in ISO 1101. − The rule stating that a negative deviation of 0,01 x the length may be deducted from the extension of the toleranced feature is not included in ISO 1101. − The fact that tolerance on profile of any line and tolerance on profile of any surface can be specified in relation to datums is in this standard shown under positional tolerances and is then called position of any profile and position of any surface respectively. ISO 1101 states only that tolerance on profile of any line and tolerance on profile of any surface can be specified in relation to datums.

Contents
1 Scope and field of application 2 General 2.1 Definition of tolerance zone 2.2 Toleranced feature 2.3 Tolerance zone form 2.4 Form of toleranced feature within tolerance zone 2.5 Applicability of tolerance along feature 2.6 Datum feature 2.7 Form deviations of datum features 2.8 Establishing size of form deviation and extension of toleranced feature 2.9 Establishing form deviation of circular and cylindrical features 2.10 Measuring principles and rules for measuring 3 Symbols 4 Evaluation of abstract (unreal) features 5 Tolerance frame 5.1 Data in the tolerance frame 5.2 Symbol for number of features 5.3 Supplementary requirement 5.4 More than one tolerance requirement 6 Toleranced feature 7 Tolerance zones 7.1 Tolerance extension 7.2 Direction of tolerance zone 7.3 Special direction of tolerance zone 7.4 Same tolerance value for more than one feature 7.5 Common tolerance zone

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
5
Page

2

8 Symbols for datums 8.1 Datum indicated by datum letter 8.2 Location of datum triangle 8.3 Datum indicated without datum letter 8.4 Sequence of datum letters 9 Restrictive specifications 9.1 Tolerance for a restricted length of the feature 9.2 Tolerance for the whole feature and restricted length of the feature 9.3 Tolerance for a restricted part of the feature 9.4 Datum applied to a restricted part of the feature 10 Theoretically exact dimensions 11 Projected tolerance zones 12 Maximum material principle 13 Definitions of tolerances 13.1 General 13.2 One type of tolerance may control several types of deviations 13.3 Graphical representation of tolerance zones 14 Detailed definitions of tolerances form tolerances 14.1 Straightness tolerance 14.2 Flatness tolerance 14.3 Circularity tolerance 14.4 Cylindricity tolerance 14.5 Profile tolerance of any line 14.6 Profile tolerance of any surface Orientation tolerances 14.7 Parallelism tolerance 14.8 Perpendicularity tolerance 14.9 Angularity tolerance Positional tolerances 14.10 Positional tolerance 14.11 Concentricity and coaxiality tolerance 14.12 Symmetry tolerance Run-out tolerances 14.13 Circular run-out tolerance 14.14 Total run-out tolerance 15 Reference on drawing

1 Scope and field of application
The standard comprises principles of symbolisation and indication on technical drawings of tolerances of form, orientation, position and run-out, and establishes the appropriate geometrical definitions. The term ”geometrical tolerances” will be used in this standard as synonymous with these tolerances. Geometrical tolerances shall be indicated with respect to the function requirements. Manufacturing and inspection requirements may also influence the way in which geometrical tolerances are specified. The indication of geometrical tolerances does not mean that a specific method for manufacture, measurement and inspection is required. This standard also contains measuring principles and certain rules for measurement which are not included in ISO 1101.

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
5
Page

3

When specifying requirements for parts within thin-walled product design, that is thin-walled parts mainly included in the body, exterior and interior, as well as other parts for which the master location system in accordance with STD 5026,2 is used, STD 5026,25 Geometrical tolerances for thin-walled product design shall be applied.

2 General
2.1 Definition of tolerance zone
A geometrical tolerance for a feature defines the tolerance zone within which this feature shall be contained.

2.2 Toleranced feature
A feature is a specific characteristic of a part, such as axis, median plane, surface, hole, recess or profile.

2.3 Tolerance zone form
Depending on the characteristic which is to be toleranced and the way in which it is indicated, the tolerance zone is one of the following: − the area within a circle − the area between two concentric circles − the area between two equidistant lines or between two parallel straight lines − the space within a cylinder − the space between two coaxial cylinders − the space between two equidistant surfaces or two parallel planes − the space within a bent pipe

2.4 Form of toleranced feature within tolerance zone
The toleranced feature may be of any form or orientation within the tolerance zone in question unless a more restrictive indication is given, for example by an explanatory note.

2.5 Applicability of tolerance along feature
The tolerance applies to the entire length or surface of the toleranced feature unless otherwise indicated.

2.6 Datum feature
The datum feature is an actual feature of a part. It is used to determine the location of a datum. See STD 5062,15,

2.7 Form deviations of datum features
Geometrical tolerances which are assigned to features related to a datum do not restrict the form deviations of the datum feature itself. The form of the datum feature shall be sufficiently accurate for its purpose and it may therefore be necessary to specify tolerances of form for the datum feature.

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2E 5 Page 4 2. Issue STD 5062.B2 h2 h2 < A3 .B1.Possible changes will not be notified . the use of a superimposed line/surface is presumed. shall be compared with the lower cost for verification.8 Establishing size of form deviation and extension of toleranced feature The straightness or flatness of an individual toleranced feature is deemed to be correct when the distance from its individual points to a superimposed line or surface of ideal geometrical form is equal to or less than the value of the specified tolerance. When establishing the size of the form deviation in accordance with the tolerance definition. The orientation of the ideal line or surface shall be chosen so that the maximum distance (h1 in figure 1) between it and the actual profile or surface of the feature concerned is the least possible value. When measuring is carried out from a tangent line/surface.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The above rule leads to the least possible rejection when the feature in question is checked.B1 h1 h1 < A2 . This leads to a greater rejection which.B3 h3 h3 Therefore. we get deviations that are equal to or greater than those obtained when measuring from superimposed line/surface. A simpler method is the use of a tangent line/surface as below. Determination of the form deviation from a tangent line/surface shall be applied when a measuring principle indicating this is specified on the drawing. UNREGISTERED COPY . This requires extensive and time-consuming verification. Fig 1 Possible orientations of the line or surface: Corresponding distance: In the case of figure 1: A1 . The distance h1 is to be equal to or less than the specified tolerance. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. however. the correct orientation of the ideal line or surface is A1 .

e. shall always be included.01xL.Possible changes will not be notified . See figure 2. Centre (C1) for A1 locates two concentric circles or two coaxial cylinders. tangent line/surface gives the position which the feature assumes when fixed. If the feature has form deviations of such a nature that its surface is convex and allows a stable position by means of two or more tangent surfaces.g. Issue STD 5062. Centre (C2) for A2 locates two concentric circles or two coaxial cylinders with minimal radial distance. the determination may be carried out from anyone of the tangent surfaces unless otherwise indicated.9 Establishing form deviation of circular and cylindrical features For the definition of circularity and cylindricity. the location of the two concentric circles or coaxial cylinders shall be chosen so that the radial distance between them is the least possible value. where L is the extension of the toleranced feature. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 3 2.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. shall always be deducted. the ”negative deviation” for measuring range" 0. Example: Fig 4 Possible location of the centre of the two concentric circles or the axes of the two coaxial cylinders and their minimal radial distance. See figure 3.2E 5 Page 5 Normally. A positive deviation. a burr. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 2 When determining the extension of the toleranced feature.

UNREGISTERED COPY . that is. The measuring principle shall always be indicated on the drawing. are simplified measuring principles and do not comply with the requirements specified in the tolerance definition.10. When the measuring force influences the measuring result. When the text to the measuring principle runs ”for the required number of sections/generators/ points” this means that measuring shall be carried out in so many sections that it is highly probable that the tolerance will not be exceeded when measuring in other sections is carried out. A measuring principle designated by a Roman I complies with the requirements specified in the tolerance definition. the correct location of the two concentric circles or the two coaxial cylinders is the one designated A2. Measuring principle shall be chosen with a view to the function requirements. measuring principle II for one tolerance type need not have the same meaning when applied to another type of tolerance.g. The measuring principles are established for each tolerance type. For these measuring principles there is no relation between the degree of simplification and the designation of the measuring principle. IV and so on. Where the text to the measuring principle runs ”Checked with. the measuring force shall be max 1 N. See example in figure 5. For soft objects..2E 5 Page 6 Corresponding radial distance: ∆r1 In the case of figure 2: ∆r2 < ∆r2 ∆r1 Therefore. If no measuring principle is indicated. e.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. this shall be re-calculated with a view to this.. 2.1 Measuring force When measuring with indicating measuring device. All measuring principles with higher numbers. 0.Possible changes will not be notified . The radial distance ∆r2 should then be equal to or less than the specified tolerance. that is. The measuring principles are designated by Roman numerals and are indicated in the last box of the tolerance frame.g. Issue STD 5062. A requirement with maximum material principle indicated on the drawing by means of an means that the tolerance definition is modified with respect to the tolerance zone. a function gauge”. The specified measuring principle then applies to this modified tolerance zone. 2. The specification of a specific measuring principle means that the measuring principle in question is decisive for the interpretation of the tolerance requirement. measuring principle IV can be closer to the tolerance definition than measuring principle II is. measuring principle I shall be applied. the requirement shall be checked in such a way that a requirement which is checked without a function gauge and passed would also pass if it were to be checked with a function gauge.10 Measuring principles and rules for measuring By measuring principles is in this standard meant basic methods to measure compliance with the tolerance requirement. e. II. Manufacturing and inspection requirements can also influence the selection of measuring principle. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 A II Fig 5 Section 14 illustrates the available measuring principles by describing the measuring methods. III. Variations in the measuring force during the measuring shall also be taken into consideration. contactless measuring is recommended. It should be noted that the measuring principles can be met with measuring methods and equipment other than those shown in the figures. For interpretation of an indicated measuring principle see section 14 where an explanation is given under the relevant tolerance type.

Issue STD 5062.5 above 10 up to and incl. where L is the greatest length in mm of the measured surface.Possible changes will not be notified .5 or flat anvil 2. the anvil shall be selected from the table below. Measuring pressure = 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.01 N/mm2. 10 Radius of surface to be measured in mm When soft objects are checked with a sensing anvil. Fig 6 UNREGISTERED COPY .2 Anvil size Depending on the form of the measuring surface.5 0.005 x L. Table 1 Form of surface to be measured Flat and convex surfaces Concave surfaces Anvil radius in mm 2.2E 5 Page 7 2. See figure 6.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.10. Diameter of anvil (side) B = 1 + 0. it is recommended that the anvil is flat and has a circular or square cross-section. unless otherwise indicated.

Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified .13 14.14 UNREGISTERED COPY .3 Cylindricity Profile of any line 1) Profile of any surface 2) Related features Orientation tolerances Parallelism Perpendicularity Angularity Positional tolerances Position 14.6 14.8 14.12 14.2 14.10 14.7 14.10 14. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 8 3 Symbols Table 2 Symbols for toleranced characteristics Features and tolerances Single features Form tolerances Toleranced characteristic Straightness Flatness Circularity Symbol Section 14.4 14.9 14. Issue STD 5062.5 14.10 Position of any profile 1) Position of any surface 2) Concentricity and coaxiality Symmetry Run-out tolerances (Circular) run-out Total run-out 1) 2) Refers to bent lines Refers to curved surfaces 14.1 14.11 14.

10 and 14 UNREGISTERED COPY .3 by letter A 8. Issue STD 5062. 2. II.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.1 Datum target ∅2 A1 See STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 9 Table 3 Additional symbols Description Toleranced feature indication direct Symbol Section 6 by letter A 7. III etc. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.4 Datum indication direct 8.15 Theoretically exact dimension Projected tolerance zone Maximum material principle Measuring principle 50 10 11 12 I.

Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 10 Table 4 Symbols used in section 14 to illustrate how the measuring principles shall be interpreted Symbol Interpretation Measuring plane. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. auxiliary plane (surface plate) Fixed support Adjustable support Continuous linear traverse Intermittent linear traverse Continuous traverse in several directions Continuous turning Intermittent turning Rotation Indicating measuring instrument (dial indicator) Measuring stand with indicating measuring instrument Symbols for measuring stands can be drawn in different ways in accordance with the verification equipment used UNREGISTERED COPY .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

one often departures from the theoretical evaluation when establishing a feature.Possible changes will not be notified . Issue STD 5062. Table 5 Abstract feature Centre of the crosssection of a hole Evaluated as: Centre of the largest inscribed circle Figure Centre of the crosssection of an axis Centre of the smallest circumscribed circle Axis of a hole The axis of the largest inscribed cylinder Axis of a shaft The axis of the smallest circumscribed cylinder Median plane of a feature The median plane determined by the two contact surface UNREGISTERED COPY .2E 5 Page 11 4 Evaluation of abstract (unreal) features Evaluation of features in accordance with the table shown below is theoretical. In many cases an expanding or slightly tapered mandrel can be used instead of an inscribed cylindrical mandrel when aligning a feature against the real cylinder surface of a hole.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. A shrink mandrel (tensioning sleeve) can be utilized as circumscribed cylinder for a shaft. For practical reasons. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.

1 Fig 7 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. 0. this shall be indicated above the tolerance frame by 6x.1 Data in the tolerance frame The tolerance requirements shall be indicated in a rectangular frame which is divided into two or more compartments.3 EJ KONVEX / NOT CONVEX Fig 12 EJ KONVEX / NOT CONVEX 0. Issue STD 5062.1 A C B Fig 9 IV Fig 10 5.2E 5 Page 12 5 Tolerance frame 5.1 Fig 11 5. 0. six holes.Possible changes will not be notified . See figures 12 and 13. 6x ∅ 0. See figure 14. the sign ∅ shall be indicated before the tolerance value.6 Fig 14 B 6 Toleranced feature The tolerance frame shall be connected to the toleranced feature by means of a leader line termiUNREGISTERED COPY .2 Symbol for number of features When the feature applies to more than one feature. 0.1 A Fig 13 5. See figure 11. − letter(s) for datum(s) when the toleranced feature is specified in relation to one or more datums. − the tolerance value in the unit used for linear dimensions. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.3 Supplementary requirement Indications qualifying the form of the feature within the tolerance zone shall be written near the tolerance frame and shall be connected to this by means of a leader line. − the established measuring principle. e.g.1 0.1 Fig 8 A ∅ 0. the tolerance specifications shall be given in separate tolerance frames one under the other. If the tolerance zone is circular or cylindrical. 8. The following shall be indicated in the compartments from left to right (see figures 7. 9 and 10): − the symbol for the characteristic which is to be toleranced.4 More than one tolerance requirement If it is necessary to specify more than one tolerance characteristic for a feature.

Fig 21 Fig 22 Fig 23 UNREGISTERED COPY . 19 and 20. This shall be done to make it possible to check the requirements from an economical point of view. − on a leader line connected to the relevant surface by means of a point.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. See figures 21. An indication in accordance with figures 21.2E 5 Page 13 nating with an arrowhead in the following way. See figures 18. when the tolerance applies to the common axis or the median plane of all or certain selected features. NOTE: In the examples illustrated by figures 22 and 23. See figure 17. See figures 15 and 16.Possible changes will not be notified . maximum material principle is recommended on the toleranced features if the function so permits. Issue STD 5062. when the tolerance refers to the axis or median plane of the feature. 22 and 23 may only be used when it is fully clear which feature(s) is/are toleranced. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 18 Fig 19 Fig 20 − on the axis. 22 and 23. Fig 15 Fig 16 Fig 17 − as an extension of the dimension line. − on the outline of the feature or on an extension of the outline (but clearly separated from dimension lines) when the tolerance refers to the line or surface itself.

Previously. See figure 29 which shows a cylindrical tolerance zone. 27 and 28. Figure 27 and 28 shows more explicitly that the extension of the tolerance zone is in the same orientation as an imagined plane through A and B. in that case. Fig 24 Fig 25 7 Tolerance zones 7. Indication in accordance with figure 27 shall therefore be applied. the direction of the arrow is unimportant. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Possible changes will not be notified . GAUGING Fig 26 Fig 27 Fig 28 Fig 29 UNREGISTERED COPY . the tolerance zone is circular or cylindrical and.2E 5 Page 14 For parts where the function of the toleranced feature and datum feature is the same. such a tolerance requirement was indicated in accordance with figure 25.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062.1 Tolerance extension The tolerance zone extends (unless otherwise indicated) in the direction of the arrow of the leader line joining the tolerance frame to the tolerance feature. If the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅. the tolerance requirement shall be indicated as shown in figure 24. See figures 26.

the direction of the width of the tolerance zone (in each section) is normal to the specified geometry of the part.3 Special direction of tolerance zone The direction of the tolerance zone shall be indicated when desired not normal to the specified geometry of the part.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. See figures 32 and 33. this can be indicated as shown in figures 34 and 35. Issue STD 5062. See figures 30 and 31. indication may be in accordance with figure 11.2E 5 Page 15 7. Where it cannot be misinterpreted as to which features are referred to. Fig 32 Fig 33 7. Fig 34 UNREGISTERED COPY .4 Same tolerance value for more than one feature When the same tolerance value applies to more than one single feature with individual tolerance zones. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2 Direction of tolerance zone In general.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 30 Fig 31 7.

Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. no arrows are needed for each feature but indication may be as shown in figure 11. Fig 36 Fig 37 UNREGISTERED COPY .5 Common tolerance zone By common tolerance zone is meant that all specified features shall be within the tolerance zone indicated.2E 5 Page 16 Fig 35 7. Where it cannot be misinterpreted as to which features are concerned. Such a requirement shall be indicated with the phrase "common tolerance zone” above the tolerance frame in accordance with figures 36 and 37.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062.

b) the common axis or plane formed by two features.If there is insufficient space for two arrowheads on the dimension line. See figures 44 and 45. Fig 41 − on the axis or median plane when the datum is: Fig 42 Fig 43 a) the axis or median plane of a single feature (for example a cylinder). Issue STD 5062.1 Datum indicated by datum letter When a toleranced feature is related to a datum.2E 5 Page 17 8 Symbols for datums 8. Fig 38 Fig 39 8. See figures 42 and 43. See figures 41. The datum is represented by a capital letter enclosed in a square which is connected to a filled datum triangle. NOTE .2 Location of datum triangle The datum triangle with the datum letter shall be placed: − on the outline of the feature or on an extension of the outline but clearly separated from the dimension line when the line or the plane constitutes the datum. UNREGISTERED COPY . one of them may be replaced by the datum triangle. The same letter which defines the datum is repeated in the tolerance frame. Fig 40 − as an extension of the dimension line when the datum is the axis or median plane. 42 and 43.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. See figure 40.Possible changes will not be notified . In SSISO 1101 the datum triangle may be unfilled as shown in figure 39. this is generally shown by datum letter(s). See figure 38.

See figure 50. a leader line that terminates with a point on the datum shall be used. Fig 46 8. the datum letter may be omitted as shown in figures 47 and 48. Fig 44 Fig 45 If a surface in the drawing plane is chosen as a datum. A datum formed by two features is identified by two datum letters separated by a hyphen.2E 5 Page 18 If a datum is indicated directly on the axis as shown in figures 44 and 45. where the sequence from left to right shows the order of priority. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified . UNREGISTERED COPY . See figure 46. Issue STD 5062. A Fig 49 Fig 50 A-B If the sequence of two or more datums is of importance. it must be clear which features constitute the datum. See figure 49.3 Datum indicated without datum letter If the tolerance frame can be directly connected to the datum by a leader line. Fig 47 Fig 48 8.4 Sequence of datum letters A single datum is identified by one (1) datum letter. the datum letters shall be placed in different compartments as shown in figure 51.

the value of the restricted length shall be indicated in the tolerance frame after the tolerance value and separated from it by an oblique line. 0. See figure 52. alignment against another feature has to be carried out. the datum letters shall be indicated in the same compartment.1 0. The restricted length shall be found in all directions on the surface. 0. but restricted over a limited length. Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 19 If the sequence of two or more datums is of no importance.01/100 Fig 54 A 9. Fig 53 9 Restrictive specifications 9. A B Fig 51 C A M B M Fig 52 In those cases unsatisfactory guidance is obtained with the datum features.Possible changes will not be notified . This means that the tolerance applies to all lines of the specified length in any position and any direction on the surface. The requirement applies to any measuring length within the total length. See figure 54.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. for example in connection with maximum material principle on several datum features. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. To get an unambiguous alignment.05/200 Fig 55 A UNREGISTERED COPY . See figure 54. the part must be aligned with A. For the part shown in figure 53 datum features B and C give an unsatisfactory guidance. See figure 55. In the case of a surface. the smaller tolerance shall be indicated below the tolerance for the whole feature.2 Tolerance for the whole feature and restricted length of the feature If a smaller tolerance of the same tolerance type is added to the tolerance on the whole feature. the same indication shall be used.1 Tolerance for a restricted length of the feature If the tolerance applies to a restricted length within the total length of the feature.

a leader line that terminates with a point on the toleranced surface shall be used. this shall be indicated as shown in figure 56. Fig 58 UNREGISTERED COPY . this shall be indicated as shown in figure 58. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. See figure 57.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 57 9. Fig 56 If a surface in the drawing plane is to be toleranced.4 Datum applied to a restricted part of the feature If the datum is applied to a restricted part of the datum feature. Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 20 9.3 Tolerance for a restricted part of the feature If the tolerance applies to a restricted part of the feature only.

In such a case.Possible changes will not be notified . the dimensions shall be framed by rectangles as shown in figures 59 and 60. orientation or position is specified for a feature.2E 5 Page 21 10 Theoretically exact dimensions If a tolerance of form. orientation or position respectively must not be toleranced. The corresponding actual dimensions may only vary by the tolerances of form. Issue STD 5062. the dimension determining the theoretically exact form. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Such projected tolerance zones shall be indicated by the symbol ( = projected). At Volvo the general practice shall be to frame these dimensions only when there is risk of interpreting them as dimensions to which a general tolerance on the drawing applies. SS-ISO 1101 specifies that dimensions determining the theoretical profile. surface. the tolerance of orientation and position shall apply not to the feature itself but to the external projection of it. angle or position shall be framed.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 59 Fig 60 11 Projected tolerance zones In some cases. orientation or position specified within the tolerance frame. Fig 61 UNREGISTERED COPY . See figure 61.

∅ 0.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. to the datum feature or to both of these features. See figures 65 and 66.04 A M Fig 63 ∅ 0.04 M Fig 64 A M If the datum is not identified by a letter. this shall be indicated by the symbol placed after: − the tolerance value (see figure 62) − the datum letter (see figure 63) − or both (see figure 64) depending on whether the maximum material principle is to be applied to the toleranced feature. ∅ 0.04 M Fig 62 A ∅ 0.04 M M Fig 65 Fig 66 UNREGISTERED COPY .2E 5 Page 22 12 Maximum material principle If maximum material principle is permitted.04 M ∅ 0. maximum material principle for the datum shall be indicated in the third compartment of the tolerance frame.

straightness of a generator and parallelism for a line in one direction) there are two possible methods of graphical representation: − by two parallel planes a distance t apart.2 One type of tolerance may control several types of deviations Where required for functional reasons. since other deviations will be included in the tolerance zone defined by the symbol used.1 General The tolerance zones for the various geometrical tolerances are defined in the following pages.Possible changes will not be notified .3 Graphical representation of tolerance zones For some tolerance zones (for example.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The simpler method as shown in figure 68 is normally used in this standard. Issue STD 5062. When the geometrical accuracy is defined by certain types of tolerance. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. See figure 68 Fig 67 Fig 68 There is no difference in the meaning of the two representations (such a tolerance does not restrict the deviation in any direction perpendicular to the tolerance arrow). UNREGISTERED COPY . 13. 13. In all the illustrations of the definitions only those which concern the definition in question are shown. See figure 67 by two parallel lines a distance t apart. other deviations will in some cases be controlled by the tolerance indicated (for example.2E 5 Page 23 13 Definitions of tolerances 13. straightness deviation is limited by parallelism tolerance when inspecting in accordance with the measuring principles that meet the requirements of the tolerance definition). one or more characteristics may be toleranced to define the geometrical accuracy of a feature. Thus it will rarely be necessary to indicate tolerances for all these characteristics.

edges and specified sections in surfaces. as far apart as possible. to solids of revolution in connection with maximum material principle. if possible from a functional point of view. Issue STD 5062. . The measuring results shall be recorded in a diagram and the straightness deviation of the generator shall be evaluated. Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 71 Each generator on the cylinder surface shall be contained between two parallel lines 0. − If maximum material principle is not permitted.1 apart in a plane containing the axis. See figure 69. It is usually possible to specify a measuring principle which permits measuring from a tangent surface (line).Possible changes will not be notified .1 Straightness tolerance The tolerance zone when projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart. UNREGISTERED COPY . The measuring shall be carried out on the required number of generators.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. shall be aligned to the same distance from the measuring plane. Fig 69 Fig 70 The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t if the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅. for example. something which simplifies inspection. − The tolerance zone is applicable to generators. See figure 70. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the requirement for straightness of an axis should. The generator shall be measured at the required number of measuring points. − The cylindrical tolerance zone may be applied.2E 5 Page 24 14 Detailed definitions of tolerances form tolerances Form tolerances 14. . Fig 72 Two points on a generator. be replaced by a requirement for straightness of a generator.

Issue STD 5062. UNREGISTERED COPY . The maximum variation in distance on an individual generator constitutes the straightness deviation of the generator.1 apart in a plane containing the axis.1 apart in a plane containing the axis. shall be aligned to the same distance from the measuring plane. V Fig 75 Each generator on the cylinder surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0. Fig 74 The measuring shall be repeated on the required number of generators.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The values obtained for each generator measured shall be recorded in a diagram and evaluated. as far apart as possible. Fig 76 Two points on a generator. The difference between max and min readings is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if measuring had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I). NOTE: The superimposed line is not obtained until at the evaluation. The generator shall be measured at the required number of measuring points The measuring shall be carried out on the required number of generators The largest difference obtained between max and min readings on an individual generator shall be regarded as the straightness deviation of the generator.2E 5 Page 25 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 73 Each generator on the cylinder surface shall be contained between two parallel lines 0.

2 apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The maximum variation in distance on an individual generator shall be regarded as the straightness deviation of the generator. parallel to the plane of projection in which NOTE: The superimposed line is not obtained until at the the indication is shown. surface. See figure 83. I Fig 79 Each line on the upper surface parallel to the plane of projection in which the indication is shown.Possible changes will not be notified . See figure 83. shall be contained between two parallel lines 0. the measuring object shall be guided against the measuring plane in such a way that the measured deviation becomes a minimum (superimposed line). Fig 80 The measuring shall be carried out on the required number of lines.1 apart. The deviation measured is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I).Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. UNREGISTERED COPY .1 apart in a plane containing the axis. The values obtained for each line shall be recorded in a diagram and evaluated. Fig 78 The check shall be carried out on the required number of generators. between two parallel lines 0.2E 5 Page 26 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle VI Fig 77 Each generator on the cylinder surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0. Issue STD 5062. The measuring shall be carried out on the required number of generators. shall be contained evaluation. NOTE: For convex lines not giving a stable position. The maximum deviation in distance on an individual line Any portion of lengths 100 of any line of the upper constitutes the straightness deviation of the line.

2E 5 Page 27 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle VI Fig 81 Each line on the upper surface. The measuring shall be carried out on the required number of lines. shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. See figure 83. The straightness deviation shall be measured both in the longitudinal and in the transverse direction NOTE: For convex lines not giving a stable position. Fig 83 UNREGISTERED COPY . The lines shall in their turn be parallel to the projection in which the tolerance is indicated.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 82 The check shall be carried out on the required number of lines. The maximum variation in distance obtained shall be regarded as the straightness deviation of the line. parallel to the plane of projection. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2 and 0. The deviation measured is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I). the measuring object shall be guided against the measuring plane in such a way that the measured deviation becomes a minimum (superimposed line ). The surface shall in each section be contained between two parallel lines a distance t apart. Issue STD 5062.1 apart respectively.

.g. Issue STD 5062.1 + maximum material principle.g. a function gauge. e.1 + maximum material principle.2E 5 Page 28 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 84 The axis of the part shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. The axis common to the two holes (D1 and D2) shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.. a function gauge. II Fig 88 Fig 89 Checked with. I Fig 86 Fig 87 Checked with. Fig 85 Checked with. The axis of the part shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.g. UNREGISTERED COPY . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 + maximum material principle. e. a function gauge.Possible changes will not be notified . e.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it..

be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. The measuring shall be carried out along two generators opposite each other. UNREGISTERED COPY .1. . that is Ma − Mb for each point shall be recorded in a 2 diagram and the diagram shall be evaluated. The required number of generators shall be measured and the largest straightness deviation in an individual section of the axis. The maximum difference between max and min readings in the radial section with the largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the straightness deviation. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. III Fig 92 Fig 93 The axis of the part shall (when checked in The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) while being rotated one revolution. Issue STD 5062. . The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. constitutes the straightness deviation of the axis.1.Possible changes will not be notified . Half the difference in value between the dial indicators. Fig 91 The measuring object shall be clamped between two coaxial centres or corresponding which are parallel to the measuring plane.2E 5 Page 29 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 90 The axis of the part shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.

The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section while being rotated one revolution. The part shall be placed (in two 90° V-yokes) on two sections a distance b apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified . Issue STD 5062. UNREGISTERED COPY . see measuring principle. Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the straightness deviation.2E 5 Page 30 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN IV Fig 94 Interpretation. Fig 95 Straightness for the axis of a cylinder surface.

g. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. a function gauge. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 98 Checked with. See figure 96. Three points on the surface as far apart as possible shall be aligned to the same distance from the measuring plane.Possible changes will not be notified . two adjustable and one fixed. e.2 Flatness tolerance The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart. Issue STD 5062. lel planes 0. (It shall be possible for the measuring object to pass through the gap) I Fig 99 Fig 100 The surface shall be contained between two paral. Fig 96 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 97 The median plane of the part shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.. NOTE: The superimposed surface is not obtained until at the evaluation. UNREGISTERED COPY .1 apart.1 apart + maximum material principle.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.The measuring object shall be placed on three supports. Measuring with autocollimator is also referred to this measuring principle. The difference between max and min readings shall be recorded in a level type diagram for evaluation.2E 5 Page 31 14.

see measuring principle. The difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the flatness deviation.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Flatness. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue STD 5062. Aligned and measured in accordance with figure 100. The difference obtained is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance.2E 5 Page 32 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN II Fig 101 Interpretation. UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified .

The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. The measuring plane shall be of such dimensions that the entire measuring object is placed on this measuring plane when measuring is carried out. the measuring object shall be guided against the measuring plane in such a way that the deviation becomes a minimum. The parallel shall be indicated in such a way that it is parallel to the measuring plane. Note: For convex surfaces not giving a stable position. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the flatness deviation. The difference between max and min readings is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I). The parallel shall be removed and the toleranced surface measured in several directions.Possible changes will not be notified . III Fig 104 A parallel shall be placed on the toleranced surface as a tangent plane.2E 5 Page 33 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle III Fig 102 The surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the flatness deviation.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 103 The measuring object shall be placed on a measuring plane so that a stable position is obtained. Issue STD 5062. UNREGISTERED COPY .1 apart.

”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 34 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle IV Fig 105 The surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 1 apart. but it often meets requirements from a practical point of view.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. UNREGISTERED COPY . Issue STD 5062. This measuring principle means an undefined requirement. The difference obtained between max and min readings will depend on the different levels of the surface at which the support points happen to be placed when the measuring device is displaced. The dial gauge shall be placed in accordance with figure 106 where a is to be preferred. Fig 106 Measuring device with three fixed support points 2 x L apart shall be placed on the surface. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the flatness deviation. L = 100 mm unless otherwise indicated. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points by displacement of the measuring device.Possible changes will not be notified .

3 Circularity tolerance The tolerance zone in the considered plane is limited by two concentric circles a distance t apart. Issue STD 5062. The readings obtained shall be recorded in a polar diagram.1 apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Possible changes will not be notified . See figure 107. The function often permits the use of a measuring principle according to which three-point measurement or measuring of difference in diameter (two point measurement) may be applied. one inscribed and the other circumscribed. (MZC) The circularity deviation shall be determined in the section with the largest difference in radius. Fig 110 The circumference shall in each section be contained between two co-planar concentric circles a radial distance 0.1 apart. Fig 107 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 108 The circumference of the edge shall be contained between two co-planar concentric circles a radial distance 0. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 109 Measuring device: Instrument for measuring variation in radius from a fixed centre. where the difference between their radii is the smallest possible.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. one for each measuring section Evaluation: The circularity deviation is the difference in radius between two concentric circles.2E 5 Page 35 14. NOTE: The measuring principle is applicable to internal and external surfaces (holes and shafts). The edge or the cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section while being rotated one revolution The measuring shall be repeated on the cylinder surface in the required number of sections. A circularity tolerance is applicable to edges and sections.

Fig 112 The axis of the measuring object shall be perpendicular to the measuring direction and axially fixed.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. III Fig 113 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two coplanar concentric circles a radial distance 0. 90° and 120° respectively.1 apart. Measuring shall be carried out in two different measuring devices. Measuring shall be carried out in two different measuring devices. Fig 114 The axis of the measuring object shall be perpendicular to the measuring direction and axially fixed.2E 5 Page 36 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 111 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two coplanar concentric circles a radial distance 0. UNREGISTERED COPY . whereby certain lobing is also checked. The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section while being rotated one revolution.1 apart. Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings in the measuring section having the largest reading difference shall be regarded as the circularity deviation. Issue STD 5062. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. 90° and 120° respectively.Possible changes will not be notified . whereby certain lobing is also checked. Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings in the measuring section having the largest reading difference shall be regarded as the circularity deviation.

V Fig 116 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two coplanar concentric circles a radial distance 0.2E 5 Page 37 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle IV Fig 115 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two coplanar concentric circles a radial distance 0. Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings in the measuring section having the largest reading difference shall be regarded as the circularity deviation.1 apart. Measured in accordance with figure 112 but only in a 120° measuring device. No requirement concerning checking of lobing. UNREGISTERED COPY . Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings in the measuring section having the largest reading difference shall be regarded as the circularity deviation. Measured in accordance with figure 114 but only in a 120° measuring device. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.1 apart. No requirement concerning checking of lobing.

The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section by a number of two-point measurements.2 II + VI UNREGISTERED COPY . Example: 0.2E 5 Page 38 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle VI Fig 117 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two coplanar concentric circles a radial distance 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings in the measuring section having the largest reading difference shall be regarded as the circularity deviation. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. Fig 118 The axis of the measuring object shall be perpendicular to the measuring direction. Issue STD 5062. The most common measuring method for checking circularity is a combination of the three-point and the two-point measurement systems and is indicated by one of the measuring principles II .1 apart.Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.V + VI. No requirement concerning checking of lobing.

1 apart. straightness for the axis + maximum material principle for the same tolerance requirement shall be indicated. See figure 119. From the measuring point of view it may sometimes be suitable to indicate special tolerances for the straightness and circularity of the feature instead of cylindricity.1 measured on the radius t + permitted maximum material principle. Connected polar diagrams and diagrams showing generator form in different axial sections are required for evaluation of the measuring results. Issue STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Measuring the cylindricity in accordance with the tolerance definition (measuring principle I) is time-consuming and expensive and cannot be used for certain types of parts. It should be noted that the deviation can amount to the dimensional tolerance plus double the cylindricity tolerance.) I Fig 122 The surface shall be cylindrical within 0. Fig 121 Measuring device: Instrument for measuring variation in radius from a fixed centre.2E 5 Page 39 14. Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 120 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two coaxial cylinders a radial distance 0. if necessary supplemented with parallelism for opposite generators. UNREGISTERED COPY . NOT FOR NEW DESIGN (Instead. Measuring with a function gauge in accordance with Taylor's principle.4 Cylindricity tolerance The tolerance zone is limited by two coaxial cylinders a distance t apart. Fig 119 MEASURING PRINCIPLE I SHALL THEREFORE ONLY BE SPECIFIED WHEN INSPECTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH SIMPLIFIED MEASURING PRINCIPLES II-IV IS NOT PERMITTED FOR FUNCTIONAL REASONS.Possible changes will not be notified . Measuring shall be carried out in the required number of radial sections from the same axis. Permissible cylindricity deviation is the difference between the diameter of the function gauge and the min size of the feature. Fig 123 Cylindricity with max material principle for a cylinder surface. The principle is the same even if the measuring device is rotated.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

be contained between two coaxial cylinders a Half of the maximum difference between max and min radial distance 0. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections . Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings on the entire cylinder surface shall be regarded as the cylindricity deviation.Possible changes will not be notified .1 apart. The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section during one revolution . 90° and 120° respectively. UNREGISTERED COPY . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 apart. whereby also certain lobing is checked. No requirement concerning checking of lobing.2E 5 Page 40 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 124 Fig 125 Measuring of cylindricity in a V-block with an indicating The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) device placed in front of the V-block. be contained between two coaxial cylinders a The V-block shall be longer than the measuring object. III Fig 126 Aligned and measured in accordance with figure 125 but The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) only in a 120° V-block. Issue STD 5062.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. readings on the entire cylinder surface shall be regarded as the cylindricity deviation. radial distance 0. The measuring shall be carried out in two V-blocks.

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
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41

Indication and interpretation

Measuring principle

IV

Fig 127

Fig 128

The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) while being rotated one revolution. . be contained between two coaxial cylinders a The measuring shall be repeated in the required number radial distance 0,1 apart. of sections. . Half of the maximum difference between max and min readings on the entire cylinder surface shall be regarded as the cylindricity deviation. No requirement concerning checking of lobing.

V

Fig 129

Fig 130

The straightness deviation of the generator is measured. The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) It may be 0,3 max. be contained between two coaxial cylinders a The measuring shall be repeated on the required number radial distance 0,3 apart. of generators. The cylinder surface shall be measured in the required number of sections by the required number of two-point measurements. The difference between max and min readings obtained on the entire cylinder surface may be 0,3 max. No requirement concerning checking of lobing.

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
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Page

42

14.5 Profile tolerance of any line
The tolerance zone is limited by two lines enveloping circles of diameter t, the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form. See figure 131. See also section 14.10.4 Profile position. The tolerance zone is bent and tubular and is limited by all spheres of diameter t, the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form. See figure 132. This tolerance zone is not included in SS-ISO 1101. See also section 14.10.4 Profile position.

Fig 131 Indication and interpretation

Fig 132 Measuring principle

I

Fig 133 The profile shall be contained between two lines determined by circles of diameter 0,1, the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form.

Fig 134 Two points on the profile, as far apart as possible, shall be aligned to the same distance from the measuring plane. The profile shall be measured at the required number of measuring points. The readings obtained are recorded in a diagram where two equidistant lines are plotted in relation to the theoretically exact profile. Measuring with profile projector is also referred to this measuring principle.

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
5
Page

43

Indication and interpretation

Measuring principle

II

Fig 135 The profile shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two lines determined by circles of diameter 0,1, the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form. The measuring object shall be aligned and measured in accordance with figure 134. The difference between max and min readings shall, when compared to theoretically exact profile, lie within tolerance t ± , in this case ± 0,05. 2

The difference obtained is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I ).

III

Fig 136 The surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each section parallel to the plane of projection be contained between two lines determined by circles of diameter 0,1, the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form.

Fig 137 The dimensions of the profile template correspond to the tolerance GO side (theoretically exact profile + ). 2 The profile template shall be placed on the surface. (The profile template constitutes tangent line to a section in the surface). The distance between profile template and surface shall be gauged by means of, e g, measuring wires and must not exceed the value specified in the tolerance frame. The check shall be repeated in the required number of sections. The largest distance obtained shall be regarded as the profile form deviation. The deviation is always larger than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I).

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

the axis of which is of the theoretically exact form + maximum material principle. a function gauge. the axis of which is of the theoretically exact form + maximum material principle.g. Issue STD 5062. Fig 139 Checked with. e.Possible changes will not be notified .2. UNREGISTERED COPY . II Fig 140 The axis of the part shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a "bent pipe” of diameter 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 141 By means of the straightedge it shall be checked that no part of the measuring object is placed above the surface of the fixture.2.2E 5 Page 44 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 138 The axis of the part shall be contained within a "bent pipe" of diameter 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments..

1. Issue STD 5062. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the surface profile deviation.6 Profile tolerance of any surface The tolerance zone is limited by two surfaces enveloping spheres of diameter t. The surface shall be measured continuously or at the number of points required with the encircling form template as a basis.05. 2 The difference obtained is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I). when compared to the theoretically exact tolerance form.10. II Fig 145 The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two surfaces determined by spheres of diameter 0.1.Possible changes will not be notified . the centres of which are situated on a surface having the true geometrical form. the centres of which are situated on a surface having the true geometrical form. in this case ± 0.5 Surface position. The same alignment as in figure 144. See figure 142. be within ± . Fig 144 Points on the surface shall be aligned in such a way that the deviation from the form template becomes a minimum (superimposed surface). UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 142 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 143 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two surfaces determined by spheres of diameter 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the centres of which are situated on a surface having the true geometrical form. the only difference being that three points as far apart as possible on the surface shall be aligned to equal distance from the measuring plane. The difference obtained between the max and min readings shall.2E 5 Page 45 14. See also section 14.

Possible changes will not be notified . The deviation is always greater than or equal to the deviation which would have been obtained if the check had been carried out in accordance with the definition of the tolerance (measuring principle I ).Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.2E 5 Page 46 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN III Fig 146 Interpretation. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.g. measuring wire. The distance between profile template and measuring object shall be measured at the required number of points with. UNREGISTERED COPY . by means of marking paint. Issue STD 5062.. A form template shall be placed on the surface (the form template constitutes tangent surface). The difference in dimensions is always greater than or equal to the value which would have been obtained if measuring had been in accordance with the definition of the tolerance. Fig 147 Profile tolerance for a surface. IV Fig 148 The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two surfaces determined by spheres of diameter 0. The largest difference in distance between measuring object and profile template shall be regarded as the surface form deviation. This can be done with air column measurement or. see measuring principle.1. The difference in dimensions between encircling form template and surface shall be measured. Fig 149 The dimensions of the template correspond to the GO tolerance side (theoretically exact profile + ) 2 The measuring object shall be centred to the axis of rotation for the profile template and placed at the required distance from it. in special cases. e. NOTE: The principle can only be used for rotation symmetrical parts. the centres of which are situated on a surface having the true geometrical form.

1 Parallelism tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line The tolerance zone when projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and parallel to the datum line. If it from a functional point of view is possible to turn the whole thing around and indicate requirements for the parallelism of the line with reference to the surface.4 Parallelism tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and parallel to the datum plane.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. See figure 151. Issue STD 5062.7 Parallelism tolerance 14. 14. Fig 150 Fig 151 14. Fig 152 Fig 153 Fig 154 UNREGISTERED COPY . The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of a diameter t parallel to the datum line if the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅. See figure 152. See figure 150.2E 5 Page 47 Orientation tolerances 14.3 Parallelism tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and parallel to the datum line. this is to be preferred from a measuring point of view.7. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.7. if the tolerance is only specified in one direction. 14. See figure 154.Possible changes will not be notified .2 Parallelism tolerance of a line with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and parallel to the datum plane.7.7. See figure 153.

Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. checked in position F. II Fig 157 The generator shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two straight lines 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.B. the measuring object shall be be contained between two straight lines 0. The difference obtained between max and min readings E shall be regarded as the parallelism deviation. M1 − M2 ⋅L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference be- tween max and min readings. in the horizontal plane. Fig 158 The measuring object shall be placed on two V-blocks and aligned with C.2E 5 Page 48 14.1 shall be checked in The toleranced axis in the vertical direction shall position E and the parallelism requirement 0.Possible changes will not be notified . UNREGISTERED COPY .2 apart. aligned with B and located The parallelism deviation is obtained from in the vertical plane. Issue STD 5062.1 apart. aligned with B and located respectively. Measuring shall be carried out on the generator. placed on supports and turned to positions E and F which are parallel to A.1 apart.1 Parallelism tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 155 Fig 156 The toleranced axis in the horizontal direction shall By means of the mandrel A. The parallelism requirement 0. which are parallel to A .7. aligned with C and located in the vertical plane.2 shall be be contained between two straight lines 0. which are parallel to A.

Fig 162 Measuring shall be carried out on the edge line. Fig 160 The parallelism is measured from 0° to 180° at the required number of points.2E 5 Page 49 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 159 The toleranced axis shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.Possible changes will not be notified . The parallelism deviation is obtained from M1 − M2 ⋅L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max and min readings. The measuring points may be reduced to 0° to 90° if the difference between max and min readings obtained for these points is maximum 0.1 apart and parallel to A. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the axis of which shall be parallel to A.7 x the tolerance.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.7. 14. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the parallelism deviation.1. Issue STD 5062. UNREGISTERED COPY .2 Parallelism tolerance of a reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 161 The edge line (edge) shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.

The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. Issue STD 5062.1 apart and parallel to A.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 164 The measuring object shall be aligned in such a way that the smallest possible difference in dimensions is obtained against the measuring plane.2E 5 Page 50 14.7. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the parallelism deviation. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.3 Parallelism tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 163 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.

corresponding to the extension of the toleranced surface. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. UNREGISTERED COPY .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. be contained between two parallel planes 0. Issue STD 5062.1 Measuring shall be carried out at points on the parallel apart and parallel to the datum.Possible changes will not be notified . The difference between max and min readings constitutes the parallelism deviation. The difference obtained between max and min readings shall be regarded as the parallelism deviation.4 Parallelism tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 165 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.7. Fig 166 The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. II Fig 167 Fig 168 The parallel shall be placed on the surface as tangent The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) plane. NOTE: The measuring principle does not check the form of the toleranced surface.1 apart and parallel to the datum.2E 5 Page 51 14.

”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.8. See figure 169.2 Perpendicularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone when projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum plane if the tolerance is specified only in one direction.4 Perpendicularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum plane See figure 173. See figure 172.1 Perpendicularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line The tolerance zone when projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum line. 14. See figure 170.Possible changes will not be notified .3 Perpendicularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum line. The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t perpendicular to the datum plane if the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅.8 Perpendicularity tolerance 14.8. See figure 171. Issue STD 5062.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.8. Fig 172 Fig 173 UNREGISTERED COPY .2E 5 Page 52 14. Fig 169 Fig 170 Fig 171 14.8. 14.

1 apart and perpendicular to A. the check can be carried out by measuring directly on the toleranced feature.1 apart and perpendicular to the entered on the toleranced feature. As an alternative.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the values shall be entered in a diagram and the inclination shall be evaluated Form deviations and differences in diameter shall then be taken into consideration and the result adjusted accordingly. In that case.1 Perpendicularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 174 Fig 175 The axis of the hole shall be contained between The measuring object shall be in a V-block on mandrel 1. one measuring length being equal to the length of the hole. The perpendicularity is measured on one side of the mandrel. Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified . The measuring object shall be placed on the measuring surface by means of a mandrel.8. Measuring shall be carried out at two points on the sleeve corresponding to the extension of the toleranced feature.2E 5 Page 53 14. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. axis of the horizontal hole (datum). I Fig 176 Fig 177 The axis of the pin shall be contained between two The smallest circumscribed cylinder (sleeve) shall be parallel lines 0. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation. Indication and interpretation Measuring principle UNREGISTERED COPY . two parallel lines 0. The guiding rule is fixed in a position perpendicular to the axis of mandrel 1. Two points of the generator of the mandrel (mandrel 2) shall be aligned to equal distance from the measuring plane. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation. Mandrel 2 is supported by an adjustable support.

indicates the 2 position of the axis in the section.2E 5 Page 54 II Fig 178 The axis of the pin shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0.1 apart and perpendicular to the axis of the horizontal hole (datum). i. Fig 179 The measuring object shall be placed on the measuring plane by means of a mandrel.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. UNREGISTERED COPY . Ma − Mb at each point.Possible changes will not be notified . The largest difference between the different values for Ma − Mb shall be regarded as the perpendicularity 2 deviation. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.e. Half the difference in measuring value between the dial indicators. Measuring shall be carried out on the two opposite generators at the same level from the measuring plane. Issue STD 5062.

UNREGISTERED COPY .2 Perpendicularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 180 Fig 181 The axis of the pin shall be contained between two The smaller circumscribed cylinder (sleeve) shall be enparallel lines 0. Issue STD 5062.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the values shall be entered in a diagram and the inclination shall be evaluated. In that case.1 apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Possible changes will not be notified . Form deviations and differences in diameter shall then be taken into consideration and the result adjusted accordingly.2E 5 Page 55 14. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation. aligned with B. The measuring object shall be placed on surface A against the measuring plane and then guided with surface B against 90° measuring support. perpendicular to A and tered on the toleranced feature. As an alternative the check can be carried out by measuring directly on the toleranced feature. Measuring shall be carried out at two points on the sleeve corresponding to the extension of the toleranced feature.8.

e. a function gauge. Measured along the generator. The measuring object shall be aligned as shown in figure 181 but measuring shall be carried out directly on the toleranced pin. Issue STD 5062. The difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the perpendicularity deviation.g. perpendicular to A and aligned with B.1 + maximum material principle and perpendicular to A. Fig 184 Checked with..Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. I Fig 183 The axis of the pin shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.1 apart. UNREGISTERED COPY .2E 5 Page 56 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 182 The axis of the pin shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.

The cylinder surface shall be measured in a radial section while being rotated one revolution.1 which is perpendicular to A Fig 186 The smallest circumscribed cylinder (sleeve) shall be entered on the toleranced feature.Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.2. .2E 5 Page 57 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 185 The axis of the pin shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. The difference between max and min readings of the indicator must not exceed 0. Measuring takes place in position c where the part is rotated one revolution.1 which is perpendicular to A. The difference between max and min readings must not exceed 0. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. The measuring object is placed with its surface on a circular feed table and the centre of the sleeve in measuring position b is placed at the centre of the axis of rotation. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 188 Measuring device: Apparatus for measuring variation in radius from fixed centre. Issue STD 5062. II Fig 187 The axis of the pin shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. .2.

Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 190 The measuring object shall be clamped in the encircling guide cylinder. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. The difference between max and min readings must not exceed 0.1. NOT FOR NEW DESIGN II Fig 191 For interpretation. UNREGISTERED COPY . See also total run-out. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation.1 apart and perpendicular to A.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.2E 5 Page 58 14. The part shall be fixed in a V-block.3 Perpendicularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 189 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.8. Issue STD 5062. figure 380. Fig 192 Perpendicularity of a surface. see measuring principle. The surface shall be measured in many directions.

perpendicular to A and aligned with B. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation. A parallel shall be placed on the toleranced surface as a tangent plane Measuring shall be carried out on the parallel at points corresponding to the extension of the toleranced surface. be contained between two parallel planes 0.2E 5 Page 59 14. Fig 194 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring plane and then aligned with surface B against a 90° measuring support.4 Perpendicularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 193 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. III Fig 195 Fig 196 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) against the measuring plane and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. The difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the perpendicularity deviation.1 apart. UNREGISTERED COPY . The surface shall be measured at the required number of points.Possible changes will not be notified .8.1 apart perpendicular to A and aligned with B. Issue STD 5062. NOTE: The measuring principle does not check the form of the toleranced surface.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. (The requirement may be indicated for rotationsymmetrical parts and other parts where no alignment against additional datum is required. In doubtful cases. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. the values obtained shall be entered in diagrams of level-curve type for evaluation.) Fig 198 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring plane and aligned so that the smallest variance in dimensions is obtained against the auxiliary plane. The difference between max and min readings constitutes the perpendicularity deviation. UNREGISTERED COPY . Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 60 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 197 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.1 apart and perpendicular to A.

This tolerance zone is not included in SS-ISO 1101.2 Angularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum plane See figure 202.9 Angularity tolerance 14. See figure 200. Fig 202 Fig 203 UNREGISTERED COPY .9. This tolerance zone is not included in SS-ISO 1101. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. it is necessary to establish one datum in addition to the datum line. See figure 199. Fig 199 Fig 200 Fig 201 14. it is necessary to establish one datum in addition to the datum plane. the tolerance zone is applied to the projection of the considered line on the plane containing the datum line and parallel to the considered line. b) Line and datum line in different planes If the considered line and the datum line are not in the same plane. In order to get an unambiguous determination of the tolerance zone orientation of a part. See figure 203. Issue STD 5062.9. The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t inclined at the specified angle to the datum line. The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t inclined at the specified angle to the datum line.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 61 14.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. See figure 201.1 Angularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line a) Line and datum line in the same plane The tolerance zone projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum line. In order to get an unambiguous determination of the tolerance zone orientation of a part.

”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. See figure 204. Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 62 14. Fig 204 Fig 205 UNREGISTERED COPY .4 Angularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum plane. 14.9.3 Angularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum line.9.Possible changes will not be notified . See figure 205.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

1 apart and inclined at α° to the axis of the smaller shaft (datum). Issue STD 5062. Fig 207 The measuring object shall be aligned by turning the object around the axis of the shaft in such a way that the distance between M1 and the measuring plane becomes a minimum. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.9. UNREGISTERED COPY .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The angularity tolerance is derived from M1 − M2 ⋅ L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max and min readings.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 63 14.1 Angularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 206 The axis of the hole shall be contained between two parallel straight lines 0.

08 apart and inclined at α° to A. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 211 The measuring object shall be aligned by turning the object around the axis of the shaft in such a way that the mandrel is parallel to the axis of the shaft in the orientation of inclination for the angle plate. Fig 209 The measuring object shall be aligned by turning the object around the axis of the shaft in such a way that the distance between M1 and the measuring plane becomes a minimum.Possible changes will not be notified . I Fig 210 The axis of the hole shall.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062. be contained between two parallel straight lines 0.1 apart and inclined at α° to the axis of smaller shaft (datum). UNREGISTERED COPY .2E 5 Page 64 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 208 The axis of the hole shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel straight lines 0. when projected in a plane containing the datum line. The angularity deviation is derived from M1 − M2 ⋅ L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max and min pointer readings. The angularity deviation is derived from M1 − M2 ⋅ L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max and min readings.

Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. UNREGISTERED COPY .5 which is inclined at α° to A angle α° to the measuring plane and datum feature B and aligned with B. The angularity deviation is derived from M1 . Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified . guided against a 90° measuring support.M2  where M1 less M2 is the difference obtained between max and min readings.7 x the tolerance value.2E 5 Page 65 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 212 Fig 213 The axis of the hole shall be contained within a The mandrel in datum feature A shall be aligned at the cylinder of diameter 0. The measuring points may be reduced to 0° and 90° if the difference between the max and min readings for these points does not exceed 0. The angularity shall be measured from 0° to 180° at the required number of points.

I Fig 216 Each line on the upper surface parallel to the plane of projection in which the drawing indication is made.9. NOTE: If the part is rotation-symmetrical. an individual line constitutes the angularity deviation. shall be contained between two parallel straight lines 0. Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified . inclined at α° to A and aligned with B.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.1 apart. Fig 217 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support The required number of lines on the surface shall be measured. UNREGISTERED COPY . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. inclined at α° to the against the measuring support and guided by mandrels in line B .2 Angularity tolerance of a line with reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 214 Fig 215 The axis of the hole shall be contained within two The measuring object shall be placed with surface A parallel straight lines 0. The angularity deviation is derived from M1 − M2 ⋅ L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max and min readings. no guide The largest difference between max and min readings on feature is required.2E 5 Page 66 14.C and aligned with A. the holes B and C. Measured at two points M1 and M2 on the mandrel.4 apart.

”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 67 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 218 The axis of the hole shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. readings for these positions does not exceed 0. and min readings.5. Fig 219 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. UNREGISTERED COPY . Issue STD 5062. The angularity is measured from 0° to 180° at the required number of points. and min. inclined at α° to A and aligned with B. The measuring positions may be reduced to 0° and 90° if the difference between the max. The angularity deviation is derived from M1 − M2 ⋅ L1 L2 where M1 less M2 is the difference between max.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified .7 x the tolerance value.

1 apart. UNREGISTERED COPY .3 Angularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 220 The inclined surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.1 apart which are inclined at α° to A. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the angularity deviation.2E 5 Page 68 14. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the angularity deviation.Possible changes will not be notified .9. Fig 221 The measuring object shall be aligned in such a way that the smallest difference in dimensions is obtained against the measuring plane. Fig 223 The measuring object shall be aligned so that the smallest variance in dimension is obtained against the measuring plane. Issue STD 5062. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. III Fig 222 The inclined surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. inclined at α° to the axis of the hole (datum).

Possible changes will not be notified . NOTE: This measuring principle does not check the form of the toleranced surface. Issue STD 5062.9.1 apart which are inclined at α° to A and aligned with B Fig 225 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. A parallel shall be placed on the surface. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the angularity deviation. Measuring shall be carried out on the parallel at points corresponding to the extension of the toleranced surface. IV Fig 226 The inclined surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0. UNREGISTERED COPY .4 Angularity tolerance of a surface with reference to a datum plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 224 The inclined surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. no guide feature is required Fig 227 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the angularity deviation.2E 5 Page 69 14. NOTE: When the part is rotation-symmetrical. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 apart which are inclined at α° to A and aligned with B.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

10. Fig 228 14. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 231 UNREGISTERED COPY . See figure 230. Fig 229 Fig 230 14.10 Positional tolerance At correct position. See figure 231.10. generators and edges. 14.2 Positional tolerance of a straight line The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and disposed symmetrically with respect to the theoretically exact position of the considered line if the tolerance is specified only in one direction. The tolerance zone may be applied to axes. The tolerance zone may be applied in two-dimensional determination of the position of the centrepoint of a circle or similar. In practice. See figure 228. the toleranced line is usually an axis.10.3 Positional tolerance of a flat surface or a median plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and disposed symmetrically with respect to the theoretically exact position of the considered surface.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the tolerance zone is disposed symmetrically with respect to the theoretically exact position. The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t the axis of which is in the theoretically exact position of the considered line if the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅. Issue STD 5062. the centre of which is in the theoretically exact position of the considered point. See figure 229. The tolerance zone may be applied to flat surfaces and median planes.2E 5 Page 70 Positional tolerances 14. The deviation from the theoretically exact position is therefore not permitted to amount to half the tolerance value only.1 Positional tolerance of a point The tolerance zone is limited by a circle of diameter t. this constituting the positional deviation.

See also section 14. the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form in the theoretically exact position. Fig 232 Fig 233 14. The tolerance zone is bent and tubular and limited by all spheres of diameter t. Fig 234 UNREGISTERED COPY .4 Profile position. See also section 14. positional tolerance of a bent line (not included in SS-ISO 1101) The tolerance zone is limited by two equidistant lines tangent to all circles of diameter t. See figure 232. See figure 233.10. See figure 234.Possible changes will not be notified .6 Profile tolerance of any surface. Issue STD 5062. the centres of which are situated on a line having the true geometrical form in the theoretically exact position. the centres of which are situated on a surface having the true geometrical form in the theoretically exact position.5 Surface position.2E 5 Page 71 14.5 Profile tolerance of any line. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. positional tolerance of a curved surface (not included in SS-ISO 1101) The tolerance zone is limited by two equidistant surfaces tangent to all spheres of diameter t.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.10.

4). The dial gauges axis of rotation coincides with the theoretical position of the hole. The part shall be placed on a measuring support and guided against two 90° measuring supports.10.2E 5 Page 72 14. auxiliary measuring device. shall be placed in the hole at right angles to the measuring plane. auxiliary measuring device.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. According to this measuring principle.4 and with the centre of the circle in the theoretically exact position. the tolerance zone is a square with the tolerance as a side. A tapered mandrel. The measuring values may amount to half the tolerance value. The measuring devices shall be calibrated against masters. UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified . Issue STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 238 Position for the centre of a hole. Measuring shall be carried out during one revolution of the dial gauge. guided with surface B and then with surface C against 90° measuring supports. Fig 236 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring plane. A tapered mandrel. The difference between max and min readings must not exceed the tolerance value (0. NOT FOR NEW DESIGN (INSTEAD. shall be placed in the hole at right angles to the measuring plane. see measuring principle. Measuring shall be carried out at two points perpendicular to each other in a horizontal section of the mandrel. REQUIREMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH FIGURE 241 SHALL BE INDICATED) III Fig 237 Interpretation.1 Positional tolerance of a point Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 235 The centre of the hole shall be contained within a circle of diameter 0.

The maximum deviation from the theoretical position of the edge must not exceed half the tolerance value. Fig 242 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring plane. first with surface B and then with surface C.4 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position. shall be placed in the hole at right angles to the measuring plane.2E 5 Page 73 14. The edge shall be measured. then guided against 90° measuring supports. Issue STD 5062. See section 14.10. auxiliary measuring device. Measuring shall be carried out at two points perpendicular to each other in a horizontal section of the mandrel.10. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The requirement applies in two directions. UNREGISTERED COPY .10. Fig 240 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. See section 14. A tapered mandrel. When recalculated to apply to the axis of the mandrel.1) I Fig 241 The centre of the hole shall be contained between two parallel lines 0. The difference between max and min readings must not exceed the tolerance value (0. this must not deviate by more than half the tolerance value from the theoretically exact position for the centre of the hole.Possible changes will not be notified .2 Positional tolerance of a straight line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 239 The edge line (edge) shall be contained between two parallel lines 0.

C. None of the dimensions (A.Possible changes will not be notified . then guided against 90° measuring supports.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. If different values are obtained for the same generator. first with surface B and then with surface C. The values shall then be recalculated to apply within the hole. Fig 244 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring plane. apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position. the hole inclines. B. The requirement applies in two directions. When recalculated to apply to the axis of the mandrel and within the extension of the hole. V Fig 245 The axis of the hole shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 2 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position The requirement applies in two directions. Measuring shall be carried out at two points perpendicular to each other and in two horizontal sections of the mandrel a distance L apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. C and D + hole diameter shall be checked. The form of the hole and the form of the datum feature influence the tolerance zone form.2E 5 Page 74 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 243 The axis of the hole shall be contained between two parallel lines 0. Fig 246 Dimensions A. UNREGISTERED COPY . the axis is permitted to deviate by maximum half the tolerance value from the theoretically exact position of the axis of the hole. See section 14.10. D) + half the hole diameter is permitted to deviate by more than ± 1 from the theoretically exact position for the centre of the hole. B.1. Issue STD 5062.

”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. e. a function gauge.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. it shall be verified that the surfaces of the measuring object A and the function gauge are in contact with each other in accordance with the rules applicable to datum features.2E 5 Page 75 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 247 The axis of the hole shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.Possible changes will not be notified . Checked with a function gauge.1 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. During gauging. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against the sides of the fixture. Fig 248 Surface A of the measuring object shall be placed against the plane in a fixture.g. The measuring object must not be moved at all in the fixture during gauging.. UNREGISTERED COPY . Issue STD 5062. I Fig 249 The axis of each of the eight holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.4 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. (Correct inter-position.) Fig 250 Checked with.

) Fig 254 Surface A of the measuring object shall be placed against the plane in a fixture. The measuring object must not be moved in the fixture during gauging. Checked with a function gauge.2E 5 Page 76 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 251 The axis of each of the eight holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. Checked with a function gauge. Issue STD 5062. B.1 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position.) Fig 252 Surface A of the measuring object shall be placed against the plane in a fixture. C. C. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. UNREGISTERED COPY . I Fig 253 The axis of each of the eight holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position (Correct position for the entire group of holes with respect to A. B. The measuring object must not be moved at all during gauging. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against the sides of the fixture.Possible changes will not be notified .Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against the sides of the fixture. (Correct position for the entire group of holes with respect to A.

) Fig 256 Checked with. it shall be verified that the surfaces of the measuring object A and the function gauge are in contact with each other in accordance with the rules applicable to datum features. (Correct inter-position.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 257 Surface A of the measuring object shall be placed against the plane in a fixture.) The axis of each of the eight holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 1 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. The measuring object must not be moved in the fixture during gauging. Issue STD 5062. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against the sides of the fixture.g. Checked with a function gauge.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 77 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 255 The axis of each of the eight holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. During gauging. B and C. a function gauge.. e.1 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. (Correct position for the entire group of holes with respect to A. UNREGISTERED COPY .

(Correct position for the entire group of holes with respect to A. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum features B. it shall be verified that the surfaces of the measuring object A and the function gauge are in contact with each other in accordance with the rules applicable to datum features. Issue STD 5062. II Fig 260 The axis and the median plane of each of the three holes respectively shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines and two parallel planes respectively a distance 0 apart + maximum material principle and with the axis and the median plane respectively in the theoretically exact position. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.g..Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. B and C).3 + maximum material principle and with the cylinder axis in the theoretically exact position. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 259 Checked with. The axis of the hole ∅D1 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. Checked with a function gauge.Possible changes will not be notified . The measuring object must not be moved in the fixture during gauging. e.4 + maximum material principle and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. (Correct interposition).2E 5 Page 78 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 258 The axis of the hole ∅D2 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. During gauging. Fig 261 Surface A of the measuring object shall be placed against the plane in a fixture. a function gauge. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against the sides of the fixture.

Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062. A measuring device shall be placed on the part. the axis of which coincides with the basic line. The position of the hole shall be measured with an axially movable cylindrical gauge guided in the datum position. The common datum position shall be determined by means of four tapered pins fixed relatively to each other in a common attaching plate.2E 5 Page 79 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN I Fig 262 The axis of the large hole shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. The axis of each of the four small holes shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. the axis of which coincides with the basic line + permitted maximum material principle. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.4. UNREGISTERED COPY .3. The entire system with tapered pins can be moved axially.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 263 Position with maximum material principle for the axis of a hole.

NOTE: The requirement can be checked as shown in figure 244 but then only a deviation of 0. The measuring supports for surfaces B and C shall be placed in the theoretical position with respect to the axis of rotation of the auxiliary plane.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Surface B followed by surface C shall then be guided against 90° measuring supports. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.7 x the tolerance value is accepted. See section 14. the pointer indication constitutes the double positional deviation. Measured on the mandrel at two points a distance L apart and during one revolution. UNREGISTERED COPY . readings must not exceed the tolerance value (0.10.1). and min.Possible changes will not be notified . The values shall then be recalculated to apply within the hole. If identical values are obtained on the same generator. If different values are obtained on the same generator the hole inclines.2E 5 Page 80 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 264 The axis of the hole shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. Issue STD 5062.1 and with the axis of the cylinder in the theoretically exact position. The difference between max. Fig 265 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against a rotatable auxiliary plane.

According to this measuring principle. A mandrel. the distance between them equal to the extension of the feature. Fig 267 Position for the axis of a hole. the hole at right angles to the measuring plane. see measuring principle. The measuring values may amount to half the tolerance value.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Measurement shall be carried out at two points perpendicular to each other and in two horizontal sections on the mandrel. shall be placed in. auxiliary measuring device. The part shall be placed on a measuring plane and guided against two 90° measuring supports. the hole inclines. the tolerance zone can be a parallelepiped. Issue STD 5062. The measuring devices shall be calibrated against standards. If different values are obtained in the two sections.Possible changes will not be notified . The values may then be recalculated to apply within the hole.2E 5 Page 81 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN (INSTEAD. UNREGISTERED COPY . THE REQUIREMENT SHALL BE INDICATED IN ACCORDANCE WITH FIGURE 243) III Fig 266 Interpretation.

Issue STD 5062.10.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position.2E 5 Page 82 14.10.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position.10.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. IV Fig 270 The inclined surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0.1). ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. NOTE: This measuring principle does not check the form of the toleranced surface. The maximum deviation from the theoretically exact position must not exceed half the tolerance value. See Section 14. The surface shall be measured at the required number of points. The difference between max and min readings must not exceed the tolerance value (0. Fig 271 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. Measuring shall be carried out on the parallel at points corresponding to the extension of the toleranced surface The maximum deviation from the theoretically exact position must not exceed half the tolerance value.3 Positional tolerance of a flat surface or a median plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 268 The inclined surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.1). The difference between max and min readings must not exceed the tolerance value (0. UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified . See section 14. Fig 269 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the angle plate and then guided with surface B against a 90° measuring support. A parallel shall be placed on the surface as a tangent plane.

4 Profile position. The distance between template and measuring plane shall be checked by means of.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.. Fig 273 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring support and then guided against the measuring plane by means of surface B. The distance between measuring plane and profile and between measuring plane and auxiliary plane respectively shall be measured at the required number of points. positional tolerance for a bent line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 272 In the specified section of the surface.Possible changes will not be notified .10. Fig 275 The profile template shall be made so that the dimensions correspond to the GO limit (geometrically correct form in the theoretically exact position tolerance + ) 2 The measuring object shall be placed with surface A against the measuring support and then guided against the measuring plane by means of surface B.g. Issue STD 5062. measuring wires. The values obtained shall be contained within the values limiting the profile and its positional deviation from the theoretically exact position. Indication and interpretation Measuring principle UNREGISTERED COPY . the centres of which are on a line of true geometrical form and located in the theoretically exact position. e. II Fig 274 The profile shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two equidistant lines determined by circles of diameter 1. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The largest distance shall be regarded as profile position deviation. the centres of which are on a line of true geometrical form and located in the theoretically exact position. the profile shall be contained between two equidistant lines determined by circles of diameter 0.2E 5 Page 83 14.2.

a function gauge. Issue STD 5062. e. Maximum material principle is permitted on toleranced feature and datum feature.2E 5 Page 84 I Fig 276 The axis of the part shall be contained within a "bent pipe" of diameter 2. Fig 277 Checked with.. the centre line of which is of theoretically exact form and in the theoretically exact position. Maximum material principle is permitted on toleranced feature and datum feature. Fig 279 The straightedge shall be used for checking that no part of the measuring object is placed above the surface of the fixture. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the centre line of which is of theoretically exact form and placed in the theoretically exact position.Possible changes will not be notified . II Fig 278 The axis of the part shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a "bent pipe" of diameter 2. UNREGISTERED COPY .g.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

10. the centres of which are on a surface of true geometrical form and located in the theoretically exact position.1. The values obtained shall be compared with those which define the surface and its permitted positional deviation from the theoretically exact position.5 Surface position.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 85 14. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 281 The distance between measuring plane and auxiliary plane and between measuring plane and toleranced surface respectively shall be measured at the required number of points. positional tolerance for a curved surface Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 280 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two surfaces determined by spheres of diameter 0.Possible changes will not be notified . Issue STD 5062.

the tolerance zone is circular and cylindrical respectively and the centre of the tolerance zone is in the theoretically exact position.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.11.1 Concentricity tolerance of a point Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 284 The centre of ∅d shall in the specified section be contained within a circle of diameter 0. this constituting the concentricity deviation See section 14.11. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. See figure 282. The deviation from the theoretically exact position at concentricity and coaxiality is permitted to amount to half the tolerance value only. Issue STD 5062.11. See figure 283.11 Concentricity and coaxiality tolerance At concentricity and coaxiality. the axis of which coincides with the datum axis if the tolerance value is preceded by the sign ∅. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 282 Fig 283 14.1. 14. this constituting the deviation of concentricity and coaxiality respectively. Fig 285 The circumference of the outer and inner cylinder surfaces shall be measured in the radial section indicated during one revolution and each centre shall be evaluated by means of polar diagrams.2E 5 Page 86 14.Possible changes will not be notified .11. The distance between the centre points must not exceed half the tolerance value.2 Coaxiality tolerance of an axis The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t. the centre of which coincides with A. the centre of which coincides with the datum point. 14. The coaxiality tolerance refers to a cylinder of the same length as the toleranced feature and situated around the datum axis or its extension and within the zone for the toleranced feature.1 Concentricity tolerance of a point The tolerance zone is limited by a circle of diameter t.

II Fig 288 The centre of ∅d shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a circle of diameter 1. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature.1 + maximum material principle.g. e. the centre of which coincides with A. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the centre of which coincides with A.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. of diameter 0. UNREGISTERED COPY . The difference must not exceed the tolerance value (1)..Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 87 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 286 Fig 287 The centre of ∅d shall be contained within a circle Checked with. a function gauge. Fig 289 The difference in distance from the edge shall be determined by two-point measurement. Issue STD 5062.

Fig 291 Checked with. Issue STD 5062. a function gauge.. e.1 + maximum material principle. the axis of which coincides with A. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2 Coaxiality tolerance of a line Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 290 The axis of ∅d2 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.g.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.11. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature.2E 5 Page 88 14. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature.. a function gauge UNREGISTERED COPY .g. Fig 293 Checked with. I Fig 292 The axis of ∅D2 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.Possible changes will not be notified . e.1 + maximum material principle. the axis of which coincides with d1 (datum).

02 + maximum material principle.11. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature.Possible changes will not be notified .. Fig 297 Measuring device: Apparatus for measuring variation in radius from fixed centre.02 + maximum material principle.g. See section 14. e. The corresponding evaluation of the axis shall be made of ∅d2. the axis of which coincides with B. The axis of ∅d2 shall be evaluated as the line through the centre points in two sections as far apart as possible. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the axis of which coincides with A. one for each requirement. Issue STD 5062. The radial distance between the axes for ∅d1 and ∅d2 must not exceed half the tolerance value.2E 5 Page 89 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 294 1) The axis of ∅D1 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. a function gauge. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature. the axis of which coincides with d1 (datum).1. Fig 295 Checked with. II Fig 296 The axis of ∅d2 shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0. UNREGISTERED COPY . The axis of ∅d2 shall be contained within a cylinder of diameter 0.

Possible changes will not be notified . The difference between the dimensions at positions C may amount to the tolerance value (2). The difference between the dimensions at positions D may amount to the tolerance value (2). ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 90 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 298 The axis of ∅D shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained within a cylinder of diameter 2.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the axis of which coincides with A. Fig 299 The mandrel or edge shall be placed against a generator in the hole constituting the datum feature. The distance between mandrel and generator shall be measured at positions C and D respectively. The check shall be repeated in the required number of sections. UNREGISTERED COPY .

2 Symmetry tolerance of a line or an axis The tolerance zone when projected in a plane is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance t apart and disposed symmetrically with respect to the datum axis (or datum plane) if the tolerance is specified only in one direction. Issue STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the deviation from the theoretically exact position is permitted to amount to half the tolerance value only. UNREGISTERED COPY .1 apart + maximum material principle and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. 14.1 Symmetry tolerance of a median plane The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and disposed symmetrically to the median plane with respect to the datum axis or datum plane.2E 5 Page 91 14.12.12.1 Symmetry tolerance of a median plane Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 302 The median plane of the groove shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. For this reason. Fig 303 Checked with. the tolerance zone is symmetrically disposed with respect to the theoretically exact position.Possible changes will not be notified . See figure 300. e.g..12 Symmetry tolerance At symmetry. a function gauge.12. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature. this constituting the symmetry deviation. Fig 300 Fig 301 14.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. 14. See figure 301.

Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature. UNREGISTERED COPY . NOT FOR NEW DESIGN IV Fig 306 Checked with.1 apart + maximum material principle and symmetrically disposed with respect to A.g.g. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The part shall be placed in a V-block. e.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 305 Checked with. e. Measured with a function gauge.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.. Fig 307 Symmetry with maximum material principle for a groove. Issue STD 5062.2E 5 Page 92 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle III Fig 304 The median plane of the groove shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0. a function gauge. a function gauge..

The largest difference in dimensions between measuring plane and gauge block at both measurings must not exceed the tolerance value. The measuring object is turned and the measuring repeated at the opposite side. UNREGISTERED COPY . The median plane of the two end surfaces (the datum) shall be aligned parallel to the measuring plane. Fig 311 The measuring object shall be placed on a measuring plane. See section 14. The distance between measuring plane and gauge block (X-dimension) shall be measured at both ends of the groove on both sides close to the measuring object or recalculated to apply within the measuring object.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.Possible changes will not be notified .2E 5 Page 93 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 308 The median plane of the groove shall be contained between two parallel planes 0.12. Parallels shall be placed at both ends of the measuring object. II Fig 310 The median plane of the groove shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0. Issue STD 5062.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. Fig 309 A gauge block (parallel) with the largest possible inscribed width (B) shall be placed in the groove.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. The largest difference between the median plane of the gauge block and the datum must not exceed half the tolerance value. The distance between measuring plane and gauge block is measured at both ends of the groove close to the measuring object or recalculated to apply within the measuring object. A gauge block (parallel) with the largest possible inscribed width (B) shall be placed in the groove. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.

The measuring object shall be turned and the measuring repeated at the opposite side. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. UNREGISTERED COPY . Fig 315 Checked with. e.. Issue STD 5062. The distance between measuring plane and the surface of the groove shall be measured.Possible changes will not be notified . symmetrically disposed with respect to A. a function gauge.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 313 The measuring object shall be placed on a measuring plane.1 apart + maximum material principle. The largest difference in dimension between measuring plane and surface of groove at both measurings must not exceed the tolerance value. I Fig 314 The median plane of the pin shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. Maximum material principle is permitted also on the datum feature.g.2E 5 Page 94 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle III Fig 312 The median plane of the groove shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel planes 0.

1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. The difference between dimensions C and D and between E and F respectively must not exceed the tolerance value.1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A. E and F shall be measured close to the measuring object (on the mandrel) or shall be recalculated to apply within the extension of the measuring object. Fig 319 The measuring object shall be retained by two 90° measuring supports against the sides of B. A mandrel shall be placed in the hole. D.Possible changes will not be notified . The distances C.12. V Fig 316 Fig 317 The axis of the common hole axis B-C shall (when The difference between dimensions N and P must not exceed the tolerance value. I Fig 318 The axis of the hole shall be contained between two parallel lines 0.2E 5 Page 95 14. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0.2 Symmetry tolerance of a line or an axis Indication and interpretation Measuring principle THE MEASURING PRINCIPLE WAS PREVIOUSLY DESIGNATED I. Issue STD 5062. UNREGISTERED COPY .

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
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Page

96

Indication and interpretation

Measuring principle

II

Fig 320 The axis of the hole shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two parallel lines 0,1 apart and symmetrically disposed with respect to A.

Fig 321 The difference as to distance from edge (material thickness) shall be determined. The difference between dimensions B and D and between C and E respectively must not exceed the tolerance value.

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
5
Page

97

Run-out tolerances
14.13 Circular run-out tolerance
The measuring principles illustrated are indicated for run-out on external surfaces. The same measuring principle can be used on internal surfaces provided that the surface can be reached when the location of the datum has been determined. Run-out normally applies to a complete revolution about the axis but could be limited to apply to a part of a revolution.

14.13.1 Circular run-out tolerance - radial
The tolerance zone is limited within any plane of measurement perpendicular to the axis by two concentric circles a distance t apart, the centre of which coincides with the datum axis. See figure 322.

14.13.2 Circular run-out tolerance - axial
The tolerance zone is limited at any radial position by two circles a distance t apart lying in a cylinder of measurement, the axis of which coincides with the datum axis. See figure 323.

Fig 322

Fig 323

14.13.3 Circular run-out tolerance in any direction
The tolerance zone is limited within any cone of measurement, the axis of which coincides with the datum axis by two circles a distance t apart. Unless otherwise specified the measuring direction is normal to the surface. See figure 324.

14.13.4 Circular run-out tolerance in a specified direction
The tolerance zone is limited within any cone of measurement of the specified angle, the axis of which coincides with the datum axis by two circles a distance t apart. See figure 325.

Fig 324

Fig 325

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

Corporate Standard
NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01
This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue

STD 5062,2E
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Page

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14.13.1 Circular run-out tolerance - radial
Indication and interpretation Measuring principle

I

Fig 326 The circumference shall in each cross-section be contained between two concentric circles 0,1 apart, the centres of which coincide with A.

Fig 327 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide feature and supported axially. The surface shall be measured in the required number of radial sections during at !east one revolution for each section. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the radial run-out.

NOT FOR NEW DESIGN
I

Fig 328 The radial run-out shall be within 0,1.

Fig 329 Radial run-out for a surface. The part shall be placed in two L-yokes and supported axially. Measuring shall be carried out in a direction normal to the surface during one revolution. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. The largest difference in an individual section constitutes the radial run-out.

UNREGISTERED COPY - Possible changes will not be notified

The surface shall be measured in the required number of radial sections during at least one revolution for each section. UNREGISTERED COPY . the centres of which coincide with A-B.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Fig 331 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 333 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in positions a and b and supported axially.1 apart. the centres of which coincide with A-B.Possible changes will not be notified . Issue STD 5062. II Fig 332 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two concentric circles 0.2E 5 Page 99 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 330 The circumference shall in each cross-section be contained between two concentric circles 0.1 apart. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the radial runout. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the radial run-out. The surface shall be measured in the required number of radial sections during at least one revolution for each section.

UNREGISTERED COPY . The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the radial runout. Measuring shall be carried out in a direction normal to the sector arc during turning.Possible changes will not be notified .1 apart. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. The part shall be placed in two L-supports and axially supported. Issue STD 5062.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 100 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN III Fig 334 Interpretation. the centres of which coincide with A. Fig 335 Radial run-out for a surface. The surface shall be measured in the required number of radial sections during turning The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the radial runout. see measuring principle. Fig 337 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and supported axially. IV Fig 336 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each cross-section be contained between two concentric circles 0.

The part shall be placed in two L-yokes and axially supported.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. the centres of which coincide with A.13.1 apart. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.2E 5 Page 101 14.axial Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 338 The circumference shall in each axial section be contained between two concentric circles of the same radius 0. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the axial run-out.Possible changes will not be notified . UNREGISTERED COPY . NOT FOR NEW DESIGN I Fig 340 The axial run-out shall be within 0. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections.2 Circular run-out tolerance . The surface shall be measured in the required number of axial sections during at least one revolution for each section.1. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the axial run-out. Issue STD 5062. Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the surface during one revolution. Fig 339 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide cylinder and supported axially. Fig 341 Axial run-out for a surface.

II Fig 344 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each axial section be contained between two concentric circles of the same radius 0.B.B.1 apart. The surface shall be measured in the required number of axial sections during at least one revolution for each section.2E 5 Page 102 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 342 The circumference shall in each axial section be contained between two concentric circles of the same radius 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the axial run-out. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 345 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in positions a and b and supported axially. Fig 343 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres. the centres of which coincide with A . UNREGISTERED COPY . The surface shall be measured in the required number of axial sections during at least one revolution for each section. Issue STD 5062.1 apart. the centres of which coincide with A .Possible changes will not be notified . The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the axial runout.

UNREGISTERED COPY . The part shall be placed in two L-supports and supported axially.2E 5 Page 103 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN III Fig 346 Interpretation. the centres of which coincide with A. Fig 347 Axial run-out for a surface. Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the sector arc during turning. see measuring principle. The surface shall be measured in the required number of axial sections during turning. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the axial runout.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. Issue STD 5062.Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. IV Fig 348 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each axial section be contained between two concentric circles of the same radius 0. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the axial runout. Fig 349 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and supported axially.1 apart.

Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the surface.1 apart. UNREGISTERED COPY . in the direction of the radius. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the run-out. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. Issue STD 5062. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the run-out.2E 5 Page 104 14.13.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.B.3 Circular run-out tolerance in any direction Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 350 The circumference shall in each section perpendicular to the surface be contained between two concentric circles 0.1 apart. the centres of which coincide with A.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 353 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres. Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the surface. Fig 351 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide cylinder and supported axially. the centres of which coincide with A . I Fig 352 The circumference shall in each section perpendicular to the tangent of the curved surface be contained between two concentric circles 0.

The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution in each section. in the direction of the radius. Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the surface. the centres of which coincide with A .Possible changes will not be notified . ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. between two concentric circles 0.2E 5 Page 105 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle II Fig 354 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each section perpendicular to the tangent to the curved surface be contained. IV Fig 356 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each section perpendicular to the tangent to the curved surface be contained between two concentric circles 0. Measuring shall be carried out at right angles to the surface.B. Issue STD 5062. Fig 357 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and supported axially. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the run-out. Fig 355 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in positions a and b and supported axially.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.B.1 apart. the centres of which coincide with A . UNREGISTERED COPY . in the direction of the radius. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the run-out.1 apart.

4 Circular run-out tolerance in a specified direction Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 358 The circumference shall in each section in the specified direction be contained between two concentric circles 0. Measuring shall be carried out in the direction of the arrow at the angle α° to the axis of rotation. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the run-out.2E 5 Page 106 14. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.1 Run-out for a surface. Measuring shall be carried out at the angle α° to the surface during one revolution. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the run-out.1 apart. Fig 359 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide cylinder and supported axially. UNREGISTERED COPY . the centres of which coincide with A. NOT FOR NEW DESIGN I Fig 360 The run-out measured at the angle α° shall be within 0.13.Possible changes will not be notified . Fig 361 The measuring object shall be placed in two L-yokes and supported axially.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062.

Measuring shall be carried out in the direction of the arrow at the angle α° to the axis of rotation.B.B. II Fig 364 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each section in the direction specified be contained between two concentric circles 0. Measuring shall be carried out in the direction of the arrow at the angle α° to the axis of rotation. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the run-out. UNREGISTERED COPY .1 apart. the centres of which coincide with A . The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section.2E 5 Page 107 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 362 The circumference shall in each section in the direction specified be contained between two concentric circles 0.Possible changes will not be notified . the centres of which coincide with A .1 apart. Issue STD 5062. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. Fig 365 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in positions a and b and supported axially. Fig 363 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section constitutes the run-out.

IV Fig 368 The circumference shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) in each section in the direction specified be contained between two concentric circles 0.Possible changes will not be notified . Measuring shall be carried out at the angle α° to the surface during one revolution. Run-out for a surface.B.1 apart. Fig 367 The part shall be placed in two L-supports and supported axially.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections during at least one revolution for each section. The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the run-out. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Fig 369 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and supported axially. the centres of which coincide with A . The largest difference between max and min readings in an individual section shall be regarded as the run-out. UNREGISTERED COPY . Measuring shall be carried out in the direction of the arrow at the angle α° to the axis of rotation. Issue STD 5062. see measuring principle. The measuring shall be repeated in the required number of sections.2E 5 Page 108 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle NOT FOR NEW DESIGN III Fig 366 Interpretation.

Fig 373 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide cylinder and supported axially.Possible changes will not be notified .14.14. See figure 371.2E 5 Page 109 14. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with an axial relative movement between surface and measuring device.14 Total run-out tolerance The measuring principles shown are indicated for run-out on external surfaces. the axes of which coincide with A.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. UNREGISTERED COPY . 14.14. The total radial run-out indicates deviations of form. Fig 370 Fig 371 14. 14.1 Total radial run-out tolerance The tolerance zone is limited by two coaxial cylinders a distance t apart. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the total radial run-out. coaxiality as well as difference in diameter.2 Total axial run-out tolerance The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum axis. Issue STD 5062. See figure 370. The same measuring principles can be used on internal surfaces provided that the surface can be reached when the position of the datum has been established.1 Total radial run-out tolerance Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 372 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radius of 0. The total axial run-out tolerance indicates deviations of flatness and perpendicularity.1. the axes of which coincide with the datum axis.

B. Fig 377 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in positions a and b and supported axially. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with an axial relative movement between surface and measuring device. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with an axial relative movement between surface and measuring device.B.2E 5 Page 110 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 374 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radius of 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. Issue STD 5062. II Fig 376 The toleranced surface shall when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radius of 0.1.1.Possible changes will not be notified . the axes of which coincide with A . UNREGISTERED COPY . The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the total radial run-out. the axes of which coincide with A . The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the total radial run-out. Fig 375 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

figure 189. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the total axial run-out.1 apart and perpendicular to A. 14. See also perpendicularity.1. Fig 381 The measuring object shall be clamped in an encircling guide cylinder and supported axially The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with a radial relative movement between surface and measuring device. UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified . The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the total radial run-out.14.2E 5 Page 111 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle IV Fig 378 The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) be contained between two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radius of 0. The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with an axial relative movement between surface and measuring device. Issue STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. the axes of which coincide with A.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.2 Total axial run-out tolerance Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 380 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. Fig 379 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and supported axially.

The surface shall be measured in the required number of sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with a radial relative movement between surface and measuring device.Possible changes will not be notified . be contained between two parallel planes 0. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it. Issue STD 5062.B. The largest difference between max and min. The largest difference between max and min readings constitutes the total axial run-out. UNREGISTERED COPY . II Fig 384 Fig 385 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-yokes in The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) positions a and b and supported axially. sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with a radial relative movement between surface and measuring device.1 The surface shall be measured in the required number of apart and perpendicular to A .1 apart and perpendicular to A .2E 5 Page 112 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle I Fig 382 The toleranced surface shall be contained between two parallel planes 0. Fig 383 The measuring object shall be clamped between centres. readings shall be regarded as the total axial run-out.B.

1 The surface shall be measured in the required number of apart and perpendicular to A.2E 5 Page 113 Indication and interpretation Measuring principle IV Fig 386 Fig 387 The measuring object shall be placed in two V-blocks and The toleranced surface shall (when checked in accordance with the adjacent measuring principle) supported axially. sections while being rotated about the datum axis and with a radial relative movement between surface and measuring device.OCH LÄGETOLERANSER / GEOMETRICAL TOLERANCES STD 5062. ”Not for new design” is only an indication to our design departments. The largest difference between max and min readings shall be regarded as the total axial run-out. Issue STD 5062. 15 Reference on drawing This standard applies when referred to on drawing by means of a reference standard or directly by including the following note: FORM.2 UNREGISTERED COPY .Possible changes will not be notified . be contained between two parallel planes 0.Corporate Standard NOT FOR NEW DESIGN AS OF 2004-03-01 This standard is valid when there is a reference to it.

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