# (Modal Response Spectra Analysis

)

Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building
Using ETABS
(Metric Units) ACECOMS, AIT

Table of Content
Objective Problem Step by Step 1. Open Existing Model and Unlock Model 2. Delete Existing Seismic Static Load Case 3. Define Response Spectrum Function 4. Specify Response Spectrum Cases 5. Run Analysis 6. View Modal Analysis Results 7. View Results for Response Spectral Analysis 8. Run Concrete Frame Design and View Results 9. Run Shear Wall Design and View Results 5 5 11 11 14 15 17 21 24 27 36 42

ETABS Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Objective
To demonstrate and practice step-by-step on modal response spectra analysis and design of 10 story RC building.

Problem
Carry out modal response spectra analysis, and design of 10 story RC building as shown in following details based on IBC2000.

3D View

Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra)

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AIT Plan View (Unit in m) 6.00 m 6.00 m BASE – STORY 7 6.00 2.00 2.00 m STORY 8 – STORY 10 6/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 2.00 2.00 m 2.00 2.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 .00 2.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 2.00 m 2.00 2.00 2.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 2.00 6.00 6.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Elevation View Material Properties for Concrete (Unit in kg and cm) Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 7/52 .

59 0.26 Table 1615.84 SMS = Fa x SS (Equation 16-16) SM1 = Fv x S1 (Equation 16-17) SDS = (2/3) x SMS (Equation 16-18) SD1 = (2/3) x SM1 (Equation 16-18) 0. AIT Modal Response Spectra Parameters (IBC2000) Parameter Damping Modal Combination Directional Combination Site Class Response Acceleration for Short Period (Ss) Response Acceleration for 1 Second (S1) Site Coefficient of Response Acceleration for Short Period (Fa) Site Coefficient of Response Acceleration for 1 Second (Fv) Maximum Response Acceleration for Short Period (SMS) Design Response Acceleration for 1 Second (SM1) Design Response Acceleration for Short Period (SDS) Maximum Response Acceleration for 1 Second (SD1) Values 0.2 (1) 3.05 SRSS SRSS E 0.1.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.18 Note For RC building Table 1615.1.1.1 (Soft Clay) 1.39 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 9/52 .56 0.86 Table 1615.2 (2) 0.45 0.

AIT Wind Load Cases (UBC97) Load Case Parameter WINDX Wind Direction Wind Speed Exposure Type Importance Factor X 90 mph B (Suburban area) 1 (Building normal importance) WINDY Y 10/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

AIT Step by Step 1. or go to File >> Open and find Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 11/52 . Open Existing Model and Unlock Model Step 1-1: Open Existing Model Start up screen of ETABS.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. click on Open button file from previous example.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 1-2: Save As to New File Go to File >> Save As and specify new file name. 12/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

AIT Step 1-3: Unlock Model Click on Unlock Model button Click on “OK” to confirm to unlock the model and delete all analysis results Note: ETABS has locked the model automatically from previous. Model has to be unlocked first before do any modification by clicking on Unlock Model button . Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 13/52 . ETABS will delete all analysis and design results after unlock.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

Delete Existing Seismic Static Load Case Step 2-1: Delete Existing Seismic Static Load Case Go to Define >> Static Load Case.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. select “EQXA” and click on “Delete Load” Repeat this step to delete “EQXB”. “EQYA” and “EQYB” 14/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . AIT 2.

Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 15/52 .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Define Response Spectrum Function Step 3-1: Add New Response Spectrum Function Go to Define >> Response Spectrum Function and select “Add IBC2000 Spectrum” from drop-down menu. AIT 3.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 3-2: Enter Response Spectrum Function for IBC2000 Specify response spectrum function for IBC2000 as shown in figure below 16/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

Specify Response Spectrum Cases Step 4-1: Add New Response Spectrum Case Go to Define >> Response Spectrum Cases and click on “Add New Spectrum” Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 17/52 . AIT 4.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

18/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . AIT Step 4-2: Specify Response Spectrum Case Data for “EQX” Enter response spectrum case data as shown in figure below Note: ETABS will treat response spectrum case as unfactored seismic load (E) in ACI load combination for RC frame and shear wall design but response spectrum load from IBC2000 is factored load then “Scale Factor” in response spectrum case should be divided by load factor (1.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.4) to change from factored load to unfactored load.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 4-3: Add and Specify Response Spectrum Case for “EQY” Repeat Step 4-1 and Step 4-2 for response spectrum case (“EQY”) Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 19/52 .

AIT Step 4-4: Deactivate Special Seismic Load Effect Go to Define >> Special Seismic Load Effect and select “Do Not Include Special Seismic Design Data” 20/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. select “Dynamic Analysis”. AIT 5. Run Analysis Step 5-1: Set Dynamic Analysis Parameters Go to Analyze >> Set Analysis Options. click on “Set Dynamic Parameters” and specify dynamic analysis parameters as shown in figure below Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 21/52 .

Model will be unlocked by clicking on Unlock Model button . ETABS will display deformed shape of model when analysis complete. Note: ETABS will lock the model automatically from undesired changes. 22/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . ETABS will delete all analysis and design results after unlock. AIT Step 5-2: Start Analysis Go to Analyze >> Run Analysis or click on Run Analysis button to start analysis.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 23/52 .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 5-3: Check Error from Analysis Run Record Go to File >> Last Analysis Run Log and scroll down to check error message.

AIT 6. View Modal Analysis Results Step 6-1: Display Mode Shape in 3D View Select 3D view window. click on “Start Animation”. Mode Shape button To view deformed shape in animation. Note: Time Period of current mode shows at top of 3D window 24/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . go to Display >> Show Mode Shape or click on Show and select desired mode.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 6-2: Display Modal Displacement at Particular node Right click on desired node to display modal displacement at current mode shape Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 25/52 .

26/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 6-3: View Modal Analysis in Tabular Form Go to Display >> Set Output Table Mode and select items as shown in figure below Select building modal information from drop-down menu Note: This table can be copied to MS Excel by using Edit >> Copy menu in this window (Not main menu).

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT 7. View Results for Response Spectral Analysis Step 7-1: View Analysis Result Diagrams of Frame Elements (Beam or Column) Select “Plan View” by clicking on it. go to Display >> Show Member Forces/Stress Diagram >> Frame/ Pier/Spandrel Forces and select response spectral analysis (“EQX” or “EQY”) from “Load” and “Component” Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 27/52 .

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Note: Sign Convention for Frame Element 28/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

move mouse cursor over this diagram and see value at bottom of the window Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 29/52 . AIT Step 7-2: View Analysis Result Diagram at Particular Frame Element Right click on desired beam to display particular analysis result diagram Note: To see analysis results in particular location.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 7-3: Change View to Elevation View at Elevator Location Click on Set Elevation View button and select elevation view at elevator location 30/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

AIT Step 7-4: View Analysis Result Diagrams of Shear Wall (Pier) Right click on desired shear wall panel to view particular diagram Note: Same as frame element. move mouse cursor over this diagram and see value at bottom of this window to check analysis results in particular location Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 31/52 .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

AIT Step 7-5: View Analysis Result Contour in Shear Wall Panels (Elevation View) Change “Plan View” to “Elevation View” by clicking on Set Elevation View button and selecting desired elevation for elevator location. Note: Analysis results at particular location will display at the bottom of window when move mouse cursor over this diagram. go to Display >> Show Member Forces/Stress Diagram >> Shell Stresses/Forces. select response spectral analysis (“EQX” or “EQY”) from “Load” and “Component”. Right click on desired wall panel to view particular analysis result. 32/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Note: Sign Convention for Shell Element Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 33/52 .

Same as shear wall panel. right click on desired wall panel to view particular analysis result. AIT Step 7-6: View Analysis Result Contour in Slab Panels (Plan View) Change to “Plan View” by clicking on Set Plan View button and selecting desired floor. 34/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . go to Display >> Show Member Forces/Stress Diagram >> Shell Stresses/Forces and select “Load” and “Component”.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

Select analysis results from drop-down menu at top-right of screen Note: This table can be copied to MS Excel by using Edit >> Copy menu in this window (Not main menu). AIT Step 7-7: View Analysis Results in Tabular Form Go to Display >> Show Output table Mode.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 35/52 . select desired items and click on “Select Loads” to specify load case/combination.

AIT 8.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Run Concrete Frame Design and View Results Step 8-1: Select Design Code Go to Options >> Preference >> Concrete Frame Design and select “ACI 318-99” from “Design Code” 36/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 37/52 .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Load combinations have been defined as selected code from previous step. AIT Step 8-2: View Load Combination for Concrete Frame Design Go to Design >> Concrete Frame Design >> Select Design Combo to view load combination for concrete frame design. Select desired load combination from “Design Combos” column and click on “Show” to view load combination parameters (load factors and details) Note: ETABS will define load combination automatically based on selected design from previous step.

AIT Step 8-3: Start Concrete Frame Design Go to Design >> Concrete Frame Design >> Start Design/Check of Structure 38/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 8-4: Display Longitudinal Reinforcing for Concrete Frame Design Select “kg-cm”. Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 39/52 . click on “Design Output” and select “Longitudinal Reinforcing” from first drop-down menu. go to Design >> Concrete Frame Design >> Display Design Info.

40/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . AIT Step 8-5: Display Shear Reinforcing for Concrete Frame Design Go to Design >> Concrete Frame Design >> Display Design Info.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. click on “Design Output” and select “Shear Reinforcing” from first drop-down menu.

More details can be displayed by clicking on button below.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Click ”OK” to close this dialogue. right mouse click on desired element. AIT Step 8-6: Display Concrete Frame Design in Details To see concrete frame design in details. The highlighted row is the critical location along the element length (maximum required reinforcement). Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 41/52 .

Note that the sequence of steps you may take in any particular design may vary from this but the basic process will be essentially the same. Run Shear Wall Design and View Results Typical Shear Wall Design Procedure Following is a typical shear wall design process that might occur for a new building. 4. Note that the overwrites can be assigned before or after the analysis is run. Assign the wall pier and wall spandrel labels. Run the building analysis using the Analyze menu > Run Analysis command. Also note that there are default values provided for all pier and spandrel design overwrites so it is not actually necessary for you to define any overwrites unless you want to change some of the default overwrite values. Assign shear wall overwrites. 1. and the Assign menu > Shell/Area > Spandrel Label commands to do this. Note that you must select piers or spandrels first before using these commands. After create the building model Use the Options menu > Preferences > Shear Wall Design command to review the shear wall design preferences and revise them if necessary. if needed.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. 42/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . 2. the Assign menu > Shell/Area > Pier Label. the Assign menu > Frame/Line > Spandrel Label. Note that there are default values provided for all shear wall design preferences so it is not actually necessary for you to define any preferences unless you want to change some of the default preference values. Note that the labels can be assigned before or after the analysis is run. AIT 9. Important note about selecting piers and spandrels: You can select a pier or spandrel simply by selecting any line or area object that is part of the pier or spandrel. using the Design menu > Shear Wall Design > View/Revise Pier Overwrites and the Design menu > Shear Wall Design > View/Revise Spandrel Overwrites commands. Use the Assign menu > Frame/Line > Pier Label. 3.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. and rerun the design. change the pier mode from Design to Check. Verify that the actual flexural reinforcing provided is adequate. A: Shear Wall with Line Loads B: Finite Element Model Rigid Beam Column 3 per rigid zone C: Define Beams & Columns D: Beam-Column Model 44/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) . Assign these check sections to the piers. 6. You can change your wall design dimensions and reinforcing during the design process without rerunning the analysis. Note that shear wall design is performed as an iterative process. revise the geometry or reinforcing and rerun the design. 5. Print or display selected shear wall design results if desired. you always want to be sure that your final design is based on analysis properties (wall dimensions) that are consistent with your design (actual) wall dimensions. AIT 4. However. If necessary.

select elevation at elevator location and use Rubber Band Zoom button to zoom shear wall view. AIT Step 9-1: Change view to “Elevation View” Click on Set Elevation View button . Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 45/52 .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

AIT Step 9-2: Select Design Code for Shear Wall Design Go to Options >> Preference >> Shear Wall Design and select parameters as shown in figure below.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. 46/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

Load combinations have been defined as selected code from previous step. Select desired load combination from “Design Combos” column and click on “Show” to view load combination parameters (load factors and details) Note: ETABS will define load combination automatically based on selected design from previous step.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Step 9-3: View Load Combination for Shear Wall Design Go to Design >> Shear Wall Design >> Select Design Combo to view load combination for shear wall design. Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 47/52 .

AIT Step 9-4: Start Shear Wall Design Go to Design >> Shear Wall Design >> Start Design/Check of Structure 48/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. Note: Longitudinal reinforcing area displayed in above figure is for all 3 shear wall panels because all of them have been assigned in same pier label (P1) from previous example Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 49/52 . AIT Step 9-5: Display Pier Design Information for Shear Wall Design Go to Design >> Shear Wall Design >> Display Design Info. click on “Design Output” and select “Pier Longitudinal Reinforcing”.

right mouse click on desired pier panel. AIT Step 9-6: Display Pier Design Details for Shear Wall Design To see pier design in details.ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. 50/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .

ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS. AIT Reinforcement Location for Pier Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) 51/52 .

AIT Note: Typical Detailing of Shear Wall 52/52 Seismic Analysis & Design of 10 Story RC Building (Modal Response Spectra) .ETABS Tutorial Example ACECOMS.