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Boyd

EE102

**Table of Laplace Transforms
**

Remember that we consider all functions (signals) as deﬁned only on t ≥ 0.

General

∞

f (t) f +g αf (α ∈ R) df dt dk f dtk

t

F (s) = F +G αF

0

f (t)e−st dt

sF (s) − f (0) sk F (s) − sk−1 f (0) − sk−2 f (τ ) dτ G(s) = F (s) s df dk−1 f (0) − · · · − k−1 (0) dt dt

g(t) =

0

f (αt), α > 0 eat f (t) tf (t) t f (t) f (t) t g(t) = 0 0≤t<T ,T ≥0 f (t − T ) t ≥ T

k

1 F (s/α) α F (s − a) − dF ds

kd k

(−1)

∞ s

F (s) dsk

F (s) ds

G(s) = e−sT F (s)

1

Speciﬁc 1 δ δ (k) t tk .k≥0 k! eat cos ωt sin ωt cos(ωt + φ) e−at cos ωt e−at sin ωt 1 s 1 sk 1 s2 1 sk+1 1 s−a s2 s2 1/2 1/2 s = + 2 +ω s − jω s + jω 1/2j ω 1/2j − = 2 +ω s − jω s + jω s cos φ − ω sin φ s2 + ω 2 s+a (s + a)2 + ω 2 ω (s + a)2 + ω 2 2 .

In this case. f has no impulsive term at t = 0.. In these two examples the functions f and g are the same except at t = 0. In contrast to f above. As a result. We have G(s) = 1/s (exactly the same as F !). g(t) = 1 for t > 0. let’s suppose that g is a unit step function.Notes on the derivative formula at t = 0 The formula L(f ) = sF (s) − f (0− ) must be interpreted very carefully when f has a discontinuity at t = 0. and has no discontinuity at t = 0. Now let’s apply the derivative formula above. First. Now let’s apply the derivative formula above. or doesn’t have.e. As long as you keep track of whether your function has. and apply the formula consistently. and g(0− ) = 0. and f (0− ) = 1 (since there is no jump in f at t = 0). whereas g does. so they have the same Laplace transform. Now. 3 . and g(0) = 0. everything will work out. We have F (s) = 1/s. a jump at t = 0. In other words. g = δ. Then we have f = 0. In the ﬁrst case. suppose that f is the constant 1. We’ll give two examples of the correct interpretation. so the formula reads L(f ) = 0 = sF (s) − 1 which is correct. f has no jump at t = 0. f is the constant function with value 1. i. so the formula reads L(g ) = 1 = sG(s) − 0 which again is correct. g has a jump at t = 0. while in the second case g does.

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