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Fault Calculation Duhail Annex 1

# Fault Calculation Duhail Annex 1

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Different cases are analyzed depending on the fault location. The values for various impedances which will restrict the fault current are calculated first and after determining the parameters the following net work for 132kV and 66kV system is obtained.
132kV Bus at Gharafa (Fault Level 17.48kA), ZS= 0.878 + j 4.267

X
Case- I (16.292KA)

X

Line # 1 ZL1= 0.209+ j 0.261

Line # 2 ZL1= 0.209 + j 0.261

132/66 kV 160MVA Transformer ZT= 0.34 + j23.57 CT Location (Typ.)

132/66 kV 160MVA Transformer ZT= 0.34 + j23.57

X

Case- II (0.114 kA on 132kV side) (0.228 kA on 66kV side)

X X

66kV bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38kA)
Case- III (4.69 kA on 132kV side) (9.38 kA on 66kV side)

X

X

66kV Outgoing feeder

66kV Outgoing feeder

Source fault level at 132kV bus = 3996 MVA (17.48kA) (As informed by Client)

1 of 13

13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS = 4.86)2 = 0.267 Ohms 132kV power cable data (According to cable data) Positive sequence resistance (RL1) = 0.86 x 0. Source resistance Rs1 = ( Zs1 )2 1 + (Xs1 / Rs1)2 = Rs1 Min.u.209 Ohms = 0.s Source X/R ratio ANNEXURE-I for Doc.36)2 1+ (4.261 Ohms Actual Impedance ZT = Zpu X Base kV2 X 1000 Base kVA 2 of 13 .466 km Positive sequence resistance (RL1) Positive sequence reactance (XL1) Transformer Data Voltage Ratio Rating Zpu Zpu = = = = 132/66 kV 160 MVA 0.085 Ohms/Km Positive sequence reactance (XL1) = 0. Source reactance Xs1 (4.36 Ohms Min.878 Ohms = 4.) = Base MVA / Fault MVA Base MVA = 160MVA Positive sequence impedance (Zs1) = System Voltage √3 x 17480 = 132000 (√3x 17480) = 4.86 (informed by the client) Source Impedance (p.12 (at 96MVA) 0.22 (at 160MVA) = 0.86 x Rs = 4.878 = 4.106 Ohms/Km Line length = 2.

267 0.33 x 0.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.261 0.33 (According to Transformer data) RT = ( ZT )2 1 + (XT / RT)2 (23.96 Ohms XT = Reactance of the transformer RT = Resistance of the transformer XT / RT = 69. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS = 0.96)2 1+ (69.57 3 of 13 .878 4.34 23.209 0.57 Ohms Detail calculations Source 0.34 23.34 Ohm XT = 69.33 x RT = 69.209 0.261 0.34 = 23.33)2 = = 0.22 X 1322 X 1000 160 X 1000 = 23.57 0.

267 0.267 0.261 0.889 47. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Equivalent Source 0.169 0.209 0.878 4.401 Equivalent Source 0.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.259 4 of 13 .878 4.

334) 47.409) 47.878 + (0.407 * (47. Reactance X = Source reactance Xs1 + (Line reactance XL2 + 2 X Trafo.4 Amp.743 = 16.334 + 47.261 + 2X23.409) (0.743 5 of 13 .645) = 16407. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Three Phase fault condition Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (132kV Bus at Gharafa).209 + 2X.526 Impedance Z1 = √X2 + R2 = √(4.345)//0.292 kA (132kV base) Fault current in Case-2 Fault current through line 2 = If * (0.047 + j 4.407 kA Fault current in Case-1 Fault current through line 1 = If * (47. resistance RT) in parallel with (Line resistance RL1) = 0.409) = 16. Reactance XT) in parallel with (Line reactance XL1) = 4.209 = 1.409) = 16.407 * (. Say 16.261 = 4.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc. impedance of both of 160MVA transformers and Line #2 Impedance.526 Ohms Resistance R = Source resistance Rs1 + (Line resistance RL2 + 2 X Trafo.645Ohms Fault current at the end of Feeder = 132000 ( If ) (√3x 4.526)2 + (1.267 + (0.047)2 = 4.57)//0.334) (0.047 Ohms Impedance = 1.334 + 47.

Fault on the 66kV Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source from Gharafa (Through fault current seen by 160 MVA transformers) Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (132kV Bus at Gharafa).345/2 = 1.155)2 6 of 13 .114 KA (132kV base) Case III: . Impedance of both the Lines and impedance of both the160MVA transformers (Impedance of both the lines and transformers will act in parallel).267+ 0. Source Rs Xs RL+RT XL+XT RL+RT XL+XT Three phase fault current calculation for 66kv Bus Reactance X= Source reactance Xs + Line reactance XL /2+Transformer Reactance XT /2 = 4.57/2 = 16.261/2+ 23.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.155 Ohms Impedance Impedance Z1 = 1. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS = 0.183)2 + (1.209/2 + 0.183 Ohms Resistance R= Source resistance Rs +Line resistance RL/2+Transformer Resistance RT/2 = 0.155 + j16.183 = √X2 + R2 = √ (16.878 + 0.

66kV Bus at Duhail (Fault level 9. (√3x 16.048 X Line # 1 Impedance neglected due to small length X Case IV (9.383 + j17.224) Say 4.96 kA on 66kV side) (17.) X 11kV bus at Duhail (Fault level 17.289+ j 4.69 kA Fault current seen by 66kV side CTs = 132000 x 4. Impedance for downstream of 66kV feeder is calculated based on 66kV Base voltage and 40MVA Base MVA and the following net work is obtained. ZS= 0.76 kA) X X 66/11 kV 40MVA Transformer ZT= 0.38 kA 66000 132kV and 66kV systems are solidly grounded system.38 kA). Therefore the current magnitude obtained above for phase fault current shall be used for earth fault relay settings also.618 X Case V (2. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Fault current at the end of Feeder = 132000 = 4697.s = 16.224 Ohms ANNEXURE-I for Doc.76 kA on 11kV side) X 11kV Outgoing feeder 11kV Outgoing feeder 7 of 13 .69 = 9.383 + j17.38 kA on 66kV side) Line # 2 Impedance neglected due to small length 66/11 kV 40MVA Transformer ZT= 0.5Amp.618 CT Location (Typ.

01 x Rs = 14.13 p.13 x 40/32 = 0.01(Derived from the calculations performed above in Case-III) = 40MVA Positive sequence impedance (Zs) = System Voltage √3 x 9380 = 66000 (√3x 9380) = 4.062)2 1+ (14.69 Ohms XT = Reactance of the transformer RT = Resistance of the transformer 8 of 13 . Source reactance Xs (4.u.u.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.062 Ohms Min.1625p.289 = 4.1625 X 662 X 1000 40 X 1000 = 17.01)2 = 0. (at 32 MVA base) Impedance at 40 MVA base = 0.048 Ohms Transformer Data Voltage Ratio = 66/11 kV Rating = 40 MVA Zpu = 0. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Source fault level at 66kV bus = 1072 MVA (9. Source resistance Rs = ( Zs1 )2 1 + (Xs1 / Rs1)2 = Rs Min.289 Ohms = 14. Actual Impedance ZT = Zpu X Base kV2 X 1000 Base kVA = 0.38kA) Source X/R ratio Base MVA =14.01 x 0.

383 Ohm XT = 46 x RT = 46 x 0.s XT / RT = 46 RT = ( ZT )2 1 + (XT / RT)2 (17. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS = = 0.69)2 1+ (46)2 ANNEXURE-I for Doc.383 = 17. Source Rs Xs RT XT RT XT 9 of 13 .Fault on the 11kV Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source (Through fault current seen by both of the 40 MVA transformers) Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (66kV Bus at Duhail) and parallel impedance of both of the 40MVA transformers.618 Ohms Case IV :.

96= 17.857 Ohms Resistance R= Source resistance Rs +Transformer Resistance RT /2 = 0.76 kA 11000 Earth fault current magnitude for 11kV system is limited to 750A due to Earthing transformer. 4805)2 = 12.289 + 0.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.1 Amp.4805 Ohms Impedance Impedance Z1 = 0.048+ 17.96 kA (66KV base) Fault at 11KV bus = 66000 x 2.618/2 = 12.4805 + j12.86) = 2963.86 Ohms Fault current at the end of Feeder = 66000 (√3x 12.383/2 = 0.857 = √X2 + R2 = √(12.857)2 + (0. Say 2. Various impedances for 11kV system are calculated based on 11kV Base voltage and 500 kVA Base kVA and the following network is obtained. 10 of 13 . 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Three phase fault current calculation for 11kV Bus Reactance X= Source reactance Xs + Transformer Reactance XT /2 = 4. The same will be used for relay settings.

76(Derived from the calculations performed above in Case-IV) = 500kVA Positive sequence impedance (Zs) = System Voltage √3 x 17760 = 11000 (√3x 17760) = 0.013+ j 0.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.433 kV 500KVA Transformer ZT= 0.76kA).22 CT Location (Typ. ZS= 0. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS 11kV Bus at Duhail (Fault level 17.357 Ohms 11 of 13 .76 kA) Source X/R ratio Base MVA = 26.348 Line # 1 Impedance neglected due to small length Case VI (270A on 11kV side) (7.6565 + j23.) X 415V bus at Duhail X 415V Outgoing feeder Source fault level at 11kV bus = 338 MVA (17.15kA on 415V side) 11/0.

u.37 RT = ( ZT )2 1 + (XT / RT)2 (23.37 x RT 12 of 13 . 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Min.76 x Rs = 26.37)2 = = 0.76 x 0.23)2 1+ (35.6565 Ohm XT = 35.096 p. Actual Impedance ZT = Zpu X Base kV2 X 1000 Base kVA = 0. Source resistance Rs = ( Zs1 )2 1 + (Xs1 / Rs1)2 = Rs Min.415 kV Rating = 500kVA Zpu = 0.096 X 112 X 1000 0.013 = 0.357)2 1+ (26.23 Ohms XT = Reactance of the transformer RT = Resistance of the transformer XT / RT = 35.s ANNEXURE-I for Doc.5 X 1000 = 23.76)2 = 0.348 Ohms Transformer Data Voltage Ratio = 11/0.013 Ohms = 26. Source reactance Xs (0.

s = 35. Three phase fault current calculation for 415V bus Reactance X= Source reactance Xs + Transformer Reactance XT = 0.22 Ohms ANNEXURE-I for Doc.577 Ohms Fault current at the end of Feeder = 11000 (√3x 23.45 Amp.6565 = 23.37 x 0.6565 = 0.22 = 23.669 Ohms Impedance Impedance Z1 = 0.669 + j23.568 = √X2 + R2 = √(23.348+ 23. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606 FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS Case V: .57) Fault current seen by 415kV side CTs = 269.568)2 + (0. say 270 Amp = 11000 x 270 = 7.568 Ohms Resistance R= Source resistance Rs +Transformer Resistance RT = 0.013 + 0.669)2 = 23.15kA 415 13 of 13 .Fault on the 415V Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source (Through fault current seen by 500 kVA transformer) Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (11kV Bus at Duhail) and impedance of 500kVA transformer.

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