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Grade 12 Diploma Examination
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Grade 12 Diploma Examination Description
Time: This examination was developed to be completed in 2.5 h; however, you may take an additional 0.5 h to complete the examination. This is a closed-book examination consisting of • 44 multiple-choice and 12 numericalresponse questions of equal value, worth 70% of the examination • 2 written-response questions of equal value, worth 30% of the examination This examination contains sets of related questions. A set of questions may contain multiple-choice and/or numericalresponse and/or written-response questions. When required, a grey bar will be used to indicate the end of a set.

Instructions
• You are expected to provide your own calculator. You may use any scientific calculator or a graphing calculator approved by Alberta Learning. • You are expected to have cleared your calculator of all information that is stored in the programmable or parametric memory. • Use only an HB pencil for the machinescored answer sheet. • Fill in the information required on the answer sheet and the examination booklet as directed by the presiding examiner. • Read each question carefully. • Consider all numbers used in the examination to be the result of a measurement or observation. • When performing calculations, use the values of the constants provided in the data booklet. Do not use the values programmed in your calculator. • If you wish to change an answer, erase all traces of your first answer. NEW

NEW

A chemistry data booklet is provided for your reference. Note: The perforated pages at the back of this booklet may be torn out and used for your rough work. No marks will be given for work done on the tear-out pages.

• Do not fold the answer sheet. • The presiding examiner will collect your answer sheet and examination booklet and send them to Alberta Learning. • Now turn this page and read the detailed instructions for answering machinescored and written-response questions.

Multiple Choice
• Decide which of the choices best completes the statement or answers the question. • Locate that question number on the separate answer sheet provided and fill in the circle that corresponds to your choice. Example This examination is for the subject of A. B. C. D.
A

Numerical Response
• Record your answer on the answer sheet provided by writing it in the boxes and then filling in the corresponding circles. • If an answer is a value between 0 and 1 (e.g., 0.25), then be sure to record the 0 before the decimal place. • Enter the first digit of your answer in the left-hand box and leave any unused boxes blank. Examples Calculation Question and Solution
The average of the values 21.0, 25.5, and 24.5 is _________. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.) Average = (21.0 + 25.5 + 24.5)/3 = 23.666 = 23.7 (rounded to three digits)

chemistry biology physics science
B C D

Answer Sheet

Record 23.7 on the answer sheet

23 . 7 . .
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

ii

Written Response
Correct-Order Question and Solution
When the following subjects are arranged in alphabetical order, the order is ____ , ____ , ____ , and ____ . 1 2 3 4 physics chemistry biology science

• Write your answers in the examination booklet as neatly as possible. • For full marks, your answers must address all aspects of the question. • Descriptions and/or explanations of concepts must be correct and include pertinent ideas, diagrams, calculations, and formulas. • Your answers must be presented in a well-organized manner using complete sentences, correct units, and significant digits where appropriate. • Relevant scientific, technological, and/or societal concepts and examples must be identified and made explicit.

(Record all four digits of your answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.) Answer 3214

Record 3214 on the answer sheet

3214 . .
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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C. B. Which of the following processes is always endothermic? A. Which of the following processes requires the least energy per mole? A. B. B. D. Neutralization Photosynthesis Oxidation Reduction 3. Helium forming hydrogen Ice at 0°C forming liquid water Liquid water at 100°C forming steam Water forming hydrogen and oxygen gas 2. nuclear forces are stronger than chemical bonds nuclear explosions are more energetic than chemical explosions nuclear reactions involve different elements than chemical reactions nuclear reactions involve elements with larger atomic numbers than chemical reactions 1 . D. Nuclear reactions involve greater enthalpy changes than chemical reactions because A. C.1. C. D.

and G represent changes in potential energy.2 K 4. Which of the following statements about the above graph is true? A. C. Sketch of a Heating Curve for the Distillation of Liquid Air Temperature (K) 90.Use the following information to answer the next question. Section B represents melting. and E represent the vaporization of each component of liquid air.4 K 87.5 K 90. B. D. Their respective boiling points are nitrogen argon oxygen 77. and F represent the vaporization of each component of liquid air.4 Time (min) Through careful distillation. D. Sections B. C.2 87. E. C. 2 .5 C B A DE F G 77. section D represents vaporization. Sections A. and section F represents sublimation. Sections A. the three main components of liquid air can be separated.

According to this theory. —from Chemistry.Use the following information to answer the next question. rotational. C. vibrational energy as they warm up and translational energy as they vaporize vibrational energy and rotational energy as they warm up and translational energy as they vaporize potential energy as they warm up and vibrational. water molecules in perspiration gain A. and translational energy as they warm up and potential energy as they vaporize 3 . D. One theory to explain firewalking. and translational energy as they vaporize vibrational. B. is based on the insulating quality of steam formed between the coals and the underside of the firewalker’s perspiring feet. 3rd Edition. 1993 5. rotational. the ability to walk barefoot across red-hot coals unscathed.

. . which undergoes an endothermic dissolving process ammonium nitrate. A. the water temperature increases. when calcium chloride dissolves.. which undergoes an exothermic dissolving process ammonium nitrate. When the inner pouch is broken. whereas. 6. the solid dissolves in the water of the outer pouch. which undergoes an endothermic dissolving process 4 . When ammonium nitrate dissolves. B.. Outer pouch Inner pouch Based on this information. a student determined that a hot pack could contain calcium chloride.Commercially available “cold packs” and “hot packs” contain an inner pouch of a solid ionic compound within an outer pouch containing water. which undergoes an exothermic dissolving process calcium chloride. the water temperature decreases. D. C.

2+ Ca (aq) + D. C. 2Cl – (aq) Ca2+(aq) + 2Cl–(aq) Ep(kJ) Ep(kJ) CaCl2(s) Reaction progress Reaction progress 8. basic acidic neutral a non-electrolyte 5 Ca Cl 2( s) . the resulting solution will be A. Which of the following diagrams represents the heat of solution for either a cold pack or a hot pack? A.7. B. D. NO3 – (aq) NH4NO3(s) Ep(kJ) Ep(kJ) NH4+(aq) + NO3–(aq) NH4NO3(s) Reaction progress Reaction progress C. When ammonium nitrate dissolves in water. NH4 + (aq) + B.

I II III 9. I and II I and III II and III I. In both reactions. C–H bonds break and C=O bonds form. and III 6 . B. II. D. Combustion is exothermic. A student comparing cellular respiration and hydrocarbon combustion reactions made the following statements. and cellular respiration is endothermic.Use the following information to answer the next question. C. The student’s correct statements were A. Both reactions are examples of redox reactions.

C.3 –54.8 ∆H = –562.4 kJ/mol 7 . D. The standard molar heat of formation of substance W is A.0 kJ/mol – 120. + 442.Use the following information to answer the next question.5 +78. B.0 kJ 10.0 kJ/mol – 451. Standard Heats of Formation Substance X Y Z Given: X + 3Y 2Z + 2W ∆H ° (kJ/mol) f –22.0 kJ/mol – 240.

Some properties of ethanol can be studied in the lab by applying thermodynamic principles. B. Thermometer Water Aluminum calorimeter Alcohol burner Ethanol 11.3 kJ 8 . C. C2H5OH(l) + 3 O2(g) → 2 CO2(g) + 3 H2O(g) C2H5OH(l) + O2(g) → CO2(g) + 3 H2O(l) C2H5OH(l) + 3 O2(g) → 2 CO2(g) + 3 H2O(g) C2H5OH(l) → C(s) + 3 H2(g) + 1 2 O2(g) ∆H = +1235. is a very versatile compound that has applications in the fuel. and pharmaceutical industries. The balanced equation and the appropriate enthalpy change for the combustion of ethanol are A.3 kJ ∆H = +1235. D.3 kJ ∆H = –1235. C2H5OH(l). chemical.Ethanol. A student assembled the apparatus shown below in order to determine the molar heat of combustion of ethanol.3 kJ ∆H = –1235.

C. The data required to determine the molar heat of combustion for ethanol. The thermochemical equation that represents the molar enthalpy of formation for ethanol is A. (Record all four digits of your answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.1 kJ K = 1. _____ . and _____ . _____ .0°C to 91.) maximum temperature change of water mass of aluminum calorimeter mass of aluminum calorimeter and water initial temperature of aluminum calorimeter maximum temperature change of ethanol mass change of ethanol Numerical Response 2. B.1 kJ → 2 C(s) + 3 H2(g) + 1 2 O2(g) C2H5OH(l) + 3 O2(g) → 2 CO2(g) + 3 H2O(g) + 1235. a student heated 500 g of water from 25.3 kJ 2 C(s) + 3 H2(g) + 1 2 O2(g) → C2H5OH(l) + 277. D. In an experiment. Calorimetric Data 1 2 3 4 5 6 Numerical Response 1.) 12.133 mol of ethanol.3 × 10–16 C2H5OH(l) + H2O(l) C2H5O–(aq) + H3O+(aq) 9 . (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. are _____ .0°C using 0. If it is assumed that all the heat energy was absorbed by the calorimeter water. listed in numerical order.Use the following information to answer the next question. C2H5OH(l) + 277. the experimental molar enthalpy of combustion for ethanol was +/–__________ MJ/mol.

When the solid cleaner is poured down the drain and water is added. C. In the production of 4. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. Commercial drain cleaners typically contain sodium hydroxide and aluminum. 0 to +1 0 to +3 +2 to +6 +3 to +6 ∆H = –850.2 kJ/mol +1.00 mol of NaAlO2(aq).2 kJ/mol +13 kJ/mol 10 .8°C was observed. B. In a chemistry experiment. A temperature change from 20. the reaction that occurs is represented by the equation 2 NaOH(s) + 2 Al(s) + 2 H2O(l) → 2 NaAlO2(aq) + 3 H2(g) 13.Use the following information to answer the next two questions. the heat released is _________ MJ.0 kJ Numerical Response 3. The experimental molar enthalpy of solution for ammonium sulphate was A.2°C to 17. D. In this reaction. 12 g of (NH4)2SO4(s) was dissolved in 120 mL of water in a simple calorimeter. –13 kJ/mol –1.) 14. the oxidation number of aluminum changes from A. C. B. D.

in scientific notation. they will lose their ferromagnetic properties. The energy required to heat a 2. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.15. is __________ × 102 J. therefore. How much heat is produced when 1. 45. Canadian five-cent coins (nickels) minted prior to 1982 were made of pure nickel. they exhibit a type of magnetism called ferromagnetism.0°C to 375°C. D.7 kJ 124. If these nickels are heated to 375°C.5 kJ 5 313.00 g of butane in a disposable lighter is completely burned to form gaseous carbon dioxide and water vapour? A.7 kJ 2 656. C.03 g nickel from 25. B.) 11 .0 kJ Numerical Response 4.

D. the enzymes in the bacteria act as A. B. C. D. buffers reducing agents oxidizing agents biological catalysts 17. bacteria are used to treat organic “sludge” (CH2O)n(s) in a process called autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD). At the treatment plant.At the Banff Wastewater Treatment plant. D. B. the carbon in the sludge is A. B. C. The ATAD process is A. reduced oxidized amphoteric precipitated 12 . The digestion of the sludge can be represented by the equation bacteria (CH2O)n(s) + n O2(g)    → n CO 2(g) + n H2O(l) + energy  16. During the digestion process. C. a reduction exothermic endothermic an acid–base reaction 18.

63 mol/L 0.8 × 10–8 mol/L Use the following information to answer the next question.0 mL sample of domestic sewage has an effluent pH of 6. B.19. the effluent pH is 7. D. U3+(aq). listed from strongest to weakest. Y(s). La3+(aq) Y3+(aq). B.00. The oxidizing agents above. The change in hydronium ion concentration is A. 0.20 mol/L 2. are A. La(s) 13 . Y3+(aq) U3+(aq). La3+(aq) U(s). U3+(aq) + La(s) → La3+(aq) + U(s) Y3+(aq) + U(s) → no reaction Y3+(aq) + La(s) → La3+(aq) + Y(s) 20. A 10. C. Y3+(aq). C. After this sewage has been treated.0 × 10–2 mol/L 5.80. La3+(aq). D. U3+(aq).

Use the following information to answer the next question. iron to oxidize Cl–(aq) copper to oxidize before the iron copper to corrode at a faster rate than the iron copper to remain unchanged and the iron to continue to oxidize 14 . C. An acidic solution of nickel(II) nitrate is poured into a tin container. tin nitrate ion nickel(II) ion hydrogen ion __________ (Record in the first column) __________ (Record in the second column) __________ (Record in the third column) __________ (Record in the fourth column) (Record your answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. Match each of the chemical changes listed above with the reaction species given below. B. Chemical Changes 1 2 3 4 does not react is oxidized is reduced reacts but there is no change in its oxidation number Numerical Response 5.) 21. If a block of refined copper were selected to serve as a sacrificial anode and if it were bolted onto the iron hull of a ship. one would expect the A. D.

then the mass of the copper electrode would decrease by __________ g. D.354 mol of MnO4–(aq) were consumed. Cu(s) C(s) 1. Voltmeter 22. The net equation and the predicted voltage for the operating cell are A.C.00 mol/L KMnO4(aq) /Mn2+ (aq) Porous cup D.17 V E°net = +1.17 V 2 MnO4–(aq) + 16 H+(aq) + 5 Cu(s) → 2 Mn2+(aq) + 8 H2O(l) + 5 Cu2+(aq) E°net = +1. if 0.85 V Use your recorded answer for Multiple Choice 22 to answer Numerical Response 6.A chemistry student constructs the cell shown below. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.00 mol/L CuSO4(aq) Acidified 1. B.* Numerical Response 6. C. 15 .) *You can receive marks for this question even if the previous question was answered incorrectly.85 V 2 MnO4–(aq) + 16 H+(aq) + 5 Cu(s) → 2 Mn2+(aq) + 8 H2O(l) + 5 Cu2+(aq) E°net = +1. During the operation of this cell. MnO4–(aq) + 8 H+(aq) + Cu(s) → Mn2+(aq) + 4 H2O(l) + Cu2+(aq) MnO4–(aq) + 8 H+(aq) + Cu(s) → Mn2+(aq) + 4 H2O(l) + Cu2+(aq) E°net = +1.

During the operation of this cell. D. Use the following information to answer the next question. V2+(aq) V3+(aq) VO2+(aq) VO2+(aq) 16 .999 V E ° = +0. D. MnO4–(aq) loses electrons. C. MnO4–(aq) is reduced at the carbon cathode. E ° = +0. B.340 V E ° = –0. B. C. D. electrons flow from the copper electrode to the carbon electrode cations migrate toward the copper electrode anions migrate toward the carbon electrode the concentration of sulphate ions decreases 24.23. Which of the following statements does not apply to the operation of this cell? A. Cu(s) is oxidized at the anode.250 V E ° = –0. C. The oxidation state of the reducing agent changes from 0 to +2. B. Standard Electrode Potentials VO2+(aq) + 2 H+(aq) + e– → VO2+(aq) + H2O(l) VO2+(aq) + 2 H+(aq) + e– → V3+(aq) + H2O(l) VO2+(aq) + 4 H+(aq) + 5 e– → V(s) + 2 H2O(l) V3+(aq) + e– → V2+(aq) 25.255 V Which of the following substances is the strongest reducing agent? A. A.

C. In this aluminum–air battery. One alternative is a battery-powered electric motor.Concern about increased air pollution and the increasing use of non-renewable resources has accelerated research into alternatives to the internal combustion engine. Aluminum–Air Battery e – Porous cathode OH–(aq) Al(s) OH–(aq) OH–(aq) Flowing electrolyte NaOH(aq) . H2O(l)) 26. . D. B. the O2(g) acts as the A. Several “new” efficient batteries are being tested. . . . C. O2(g) O2(g) O2(g) Flowing moist air (O2(g). B. reducing agent and gains electrons reducing agent and loses electrons oxidizing agent and gains electrons oxidizing agent and loses electrons 27. . The diagram below represents one of these batteries. 2 H2O(l) + 2 e– → H2(g) + 2 OH–(aq) Na+(aq) + e– → Na(s) O2(g) + 4 H+(aq) + 4 e– → 2 H2O(l) O2(g) + 2 H2O(l) + 4 e– → 4 OH–(aq) 17 . . The reduction half-reaction for this aluminum–air battery is A. D.

* Numerical Response 7. The standard electrode potential for the half-reaction RhCl63–(aq) + 3 e– → Rh(s) + 6 Cl–(aq) is +/– __________ V. Use your recorded answer for Multiple Choice 28 to answer Numerical Response 7. B. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. Use the following equation to answer the next question.05 V *You can receive marks for this question even if the previous question was answered incorrectly.) *You can receive marks for this question even if the previous question was answered incorrectly.83 V – 1. the net voltage generated by the battery is +/– __________ V. 2 RhCl63–(aq) + 3 Zn(s) → 3 Zn2+(aq) + 2 Rh(s) + 12 Cl–(aq) E ° = +1.20 V net Numerical Response 8.36 V + 2. + 2. When three aluminum–air cells are connected in series.06 V + 0. D. C.* 28. The standard voltage produced by this aluminum–air cell is A.Use the answer selected for Multiple Choice 27 to answer Multiple Choice 28. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.) 18 .

Acid–Base Titration Curve 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 pH 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Volume of 1. B. C. D. This titration curve represents the addition of a A. For this graph. 1 2 7 13 30.Use the following information to answer the next two questions. D. strong base to a strong acid weak base to a strong acid strong acid to a strong base weak acid to a strong base 19 . the pH at the equivalence point is approximately A.0 mol/L NaOH(aq) (mL) 29. as shown below. A group of students performed a titration and graphed their results. B. C.

C. (Record all four digits of your answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. 1. the order is _____ .) 31. 0.Use the following information to answer the next question.0 × 10–11 mol/L 3.0 × 10–3 mol/L 20 . Sour pickles have a pH of about 3. _____ and _____ .0 × 10–11 mol/L 1. When the solutions above are ordered from most basic to least basic. _____ .0 × 10–3 mol/L 3. The [OH–(aq)] in a typical sour pickle is A.10 mol/L Solutions 1 NaNO2(aq) 2 NaHCO3(aq) 3 HNO3(aq) 4 Ba(OH)2(aq) Numerical Response 9.00. B. D.

Numerical Response 10. The indicator that would most accurately identify a solution with a pH between 4.2 × 10– 4 mol/L.) 32. D.00 and 4. B. thymol blue methyl orange litmus methyl red 33. B. The concentration of H3O+(aq) ions in a particular bottle of wine is 3. NH4+(aq) + H2PO4–(aq) HCN(aq) + HS–(aq) HCO3–(aq) + HBO32–(aq) HSO4–(aq) + HSO3–(aq) NH3(aq) + H3PO4(aq) CN–(aq) + H2S(aq) H2BO3–(aq) + CO32–(aq) H2SO3(aq) + SO42–(aq) 21 . An equilibrium that would favour the products is A. D.30 is A. C. C. The pH of this wine is __________. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.

D.05 9.83 7.5 × 10–13 mol/L 1.0 × 10–14 mol/L 22 . Which of the following mixtures could act as a buffer solution? A.0 70.0 100.0 20.20 1.56 6.0 35. HF(aq) and H2S(aq) NaOH(aq) and HCl(aq) Na2CO3(aq) and NH3(aq) NaH2BO3(aq) and Na2HBO3(aq) Use the following information to answer the next question.96 6. C.7 × 10–2 mol/L 7.4 × 10–8 mol/L 1.0 140. C.63 12.38 2.0 40.34. 1.0 80. pH of Solution 14.0 120.0 60. During the titration of an unknown base solution with a perchloric acid solution.78 The hydronium ion concentration of the original base solution was A. Volume of Acid Added (mL) 0. the following data were collected. B.00 12. D. B.

A 4.00 g tablet was crushed and dissolved to make 40. D.0 mL of solution. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet. B. A certain headache relief tablet is composed of monoprotic acetylsalicylic acid (C9H8O4(s)) and an inert filler.1 mL. The volume of NaOH(aq) needed to neutralize the dissolved tablet was 20. One important buffer that exists in blood is composed of H2PO4–(aq) and HPO42–(aq). C. The net ionic equation that represents the reaction of hydrochloric acid with this buffer is A.900 mol/L NaOH(aq) . H3O+(aq) + HPO42–(aq) HCl(aq) + H2PO4–(aq) H3O+(aq) + H2PO4–(aq) HCl(aq) + HPO42–(aq) H2O(l) + H2PO4–(aq) Cl–(aq) + H3PO4(aq) H2O(l) + H3PO4(aq) Cl–(aq) + H2PO4–(aq) Numerical Response 11.36. The solution was then titrated with 0. The experimental value for the mass of C9H8O4(s) present in the tablet was __________ g.) 23 .

The conjugate base of H2SO3(aq) is A.Coal and natural gas contain trace amounts of sulphur compounds. K eq = C. may lead to acid rain pollution. K eq = D. D. HSO3–(aq) SO32–(aq) OH–(aq) H2O(l) 24 . Reactions Related to Acid Rain I II III IV 2 H2S(g) + 3 O2(g) 2 SO2(g) + O2(g) SO2(g) + 2 H2O(l) 2 SO3(g) + 2 H2O(l) 2 H2O(g) + 2 SO2(g) 2 SO3(g) 2 H2SO3(aq) 2 H2SO4(aq) 37. The equilibrium law expression for reaction I is A. K eq = 38. which when burned. K eq = [H 2O(g) ]2 + [SO 2(g) ]2 [H 2S(g) ]2 + [O2(g) ]3 [H 2S(g) ]2 + [O 2(g) ]3 [H 2O(g) ]2 + [SO2(g) ]2 [H 2S(g) ]2 [O 2(g) ]3 [H 2O(g) ]2 [SO 2(g) ]2 [H 2O(g) ]2 [SO 2(g) ]2 [H 2S(g) ]2 [O 2(g) ]3 B. C. B.

B.840 mol/L 39.416 mol/L 2. raising the temperature adding a catalyst removing SO2(g) adding NO2(g) 25 .40 mol/L 5.Use the following information to answer the next question.179 mol/L 0. C. At 900 K. the equilibrium constant for reaction II is 13. C. The equilibrium concentrations are [SO2(g)] = 0.59 mol/L Use the following information to answer the next question. 0.361 mol/L [SO3(g)] = 0.0. the calculated equilibrium concentration of O2(g) is A. D. Given the values above. The equilibrium concentration of SO3(g) in the reaction could be increased by A. B. D. Some of the SO2(g) produced from the burning of coal and natural gas can react with NO2(g) in the atmosphere according to the equation SO2(g) + NO2(g) NO(g) + SO3(g) ∆H = – 41.9 kJ 40.

C. (Record your three-digit answer in the numerical-response section on the answer sheet.Numerical Response 12. Based on this information. B. Acid rain is linked to the leaching of heavy metals and their ions in lakes and rivers.) 41.00 × 10–4 mol/L H2SO3(aq) 100 mL of 1. A drop of thymol blue indicator in its blue form added to 10. D.0 mL of 0. Which of the following acid solutions has the lowest pH? A.10 mol/L H2SO4(aq) would become A.00 × 10–3 mol/L H2SO4(aq) 10.2. D. Biomagnification of these metals and ions increases levels of disease in fish and wildlife. a decision to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions would be A. 300 mL of 1.0 mL of 1.00 × 10–2 mol/L H2S(aq) 100 mL of 1. then the pOH is __________. D. political scientific technological environmental 26 . B. yellow because the indicator would gain one proton yellow because the indicator would lose one proton red because the indicator would gain two protons red because the indicator would lose two protons 43. B.00 × 10–4 mol/L H2SO4(aq) 42. If the pH of a sample of rainwater is 3. C. C.

B.44. Atmospheric CO2(g) levels are not increased by A. C. D. Another contributor to the acidity of precipitation is CO2(g). 27 . photosynthesis combustion of fossil fuels respiration of plants and animals cars equipped with catalytic converters The written-response questions follow on the next page.

Snyder (John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Plan an experiment to test the effectiveness of antacids. 1992). Adapted and reprinted with permission from John Wiley & Sons.Use the following information to answer the next question. Written Response—15% 1.. Representative Antacid I Alka-Seltzer Principal Active Ingredient Sodium bicarbonate Neutralization Reaction NaHCO3(s) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2CO3(aq) Mg(OH)2(s) + 2 HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(l) Al(OH)2 NaCO3(s) + 4 HCl(aq) → AlCl3(aq) + NaCl(aq) + 2 H2O(l) + H2CO3(aq) CaCO3(s) + 2 HCl(aq) → CaCl2(aq) + H2CO3(aq) Al(OH)3(s) + 3 HCl(aq) → AlCl3(aq) + 3 H2O(l) MgCO3(s) + 2 HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2CO3(aq) Mg(OH)2(s) + 2 HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(l) II Phillips’ Milk Magnesium hydroxide of Magnesia III Rolaids IV Tums V Di-Gel Dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate Calcium carbonate Aluminum hydroxide Magnesium carbonate Magnesium hydroxide –– Table from The Extraordinary Chemistry of Ordinary Things by Carl H. Your response should include: • an experimental design • a data table for your experimental design • three factors that should be considered when choosing an antacid 28 . Inc.

29 .

When the coolant is drained. In some industrial processes.0 h to a cell containing a 400 g iron anode.00 A is applied for 48. a recoverable pollutant. A current of 3. Provide the half-reactions and a net redox reaction for this electrochemical process. the chromate ions can be removed through an electrolysis process that uses an iron anode. b.Use the following information to answer the next question. a. The products of the electrolysis are aqueous iron(II) ions and solid chromium(III) hydroxide. The half-reaction involving the chromate ion is CrO42–(aq) + 4 H2O(l) + 3 e– → Cr(OH)3(s) + 5 OH–(aq) Written Response––15% 2. What is the final mass of the iron anode? 30 . sodium chromate is added to water coolants.

Suggest an alternative anode material that would last longer than iron. Support your answer with relevant calculations and explanations. You have now completed the examination. you may wish to check your answers.c. 31 . If you have time.

Zumdahl (D.. Snyder (John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Reprinted with permission from Photo Researchers. Page 30 32 . Inc. 1993). This material is used by permission of John Wiley & Sons.C. 1992). Table from The Extraordinary Chemistry of Ordinary Things by Carl H.Credits Page 3 Photograph by Jack Fields. From Chemistry. Inc. Third Edition by Steven S. Heath and Company.

Fold and tear along perforation. .Tear-out Page No marks will be given for work done on this page.

CHEM 30 – January 2001 Multiple Choice 1. 8. 2. then NR7 is 6. then MC28 is D C. 4.44 4213 3.2* + = any order ++ = accept 2313 6. A D A C D B† C A A B C D D A D A B D C C D A 1. Numerical Response 7. 24. 26.15 11. 41. 30. 1236+ 8. 13. 25. 39. 4. 17. 5.49 D. 10.2* † If MC27 is A. 14. 33. 27. 5. then NR7 is 7. 18. 1. then MC28 is B ‡ If MC28 is A.08 ‡ B. then NR6 is 56.04 9. 2314++ 12. 34.26 10.5 C or D. 11. 38. 20. B B A C D A A B B B C C B D A D B B D B D C 23. 6. 40. 29. 15. then NR7 is 3. then MC28 is C B. 43. 28. then NR6 is 22. 9. 36. 22. 1. 2. then MC28 is A † D. 3. 42. 21. 56. 44. 35. 7. 37.18 C. 6.49 3.8 Links: *If MC22 is A or B. 3. 31.18‡ 0.15 i . 19. then NR7 is 2. 32. 16. 3. 12.70 10.

or how exothermic Possible side effects of ingredients: producing H2CO3(aq) → more “gas” due to CO2(g) evolved Mg(OH)2(s) or CaCO3(s) → needed for strong bones → magnesium causes diarrhea Al(OH)3(s) → linked to Alzheimer’s + Na (aq) → heart problems ii .CHEM 30 – January 2001 SAMPLE ANSWER KEY FOR WRITTEN-RESPONSE QUESTIONS The samples that follow represents only one valid approach to each of the problems. bubbles) of when to stop. pH at end point. Controlled Variables Dose of antacid sample. Experimental Design A number of factors could be tested regarding the effectiveness of the antacids.e. • Titrate the antacid with a strong acid (HCl(aq)) of known concentration until a colour change occurs. Concentration of acid. toxicity. • Dissolve the antacid in 40 mL of deionized water. HCl(aq).. • Obtain the recommended amount of each antacid. 1. Add 2–3 drops of bromothymol blue indicator. During the diploma examination marking session. colour. provision is made for considering various approaches the student may have used. one big pill to swallow Liquid versus solid – ease of use Low solubility so that the antacid does not react before it hits the stomach Cost factor. of Acid Factor Considerations Mass of sample used. rate of reaction. Sample Factor to Study: Using the same dose of active ingredient. determine which antacid neutralizes the most acid. • Record the volume of HCl(aq) required for the pH to reach 7. i. Sample ID Mass of Antacid Vol. Data Table Record the volume and concentration of acid added until some indication (pH. taste.

ne− = (3.a.98 g/mol) 1 (48. Any metal with a lower ratio of molar mass to ion charge would be valid because less anode mass would be consumed.0 h)(3600 s/h) = 5.85 g/mol) = 150 g ∆m anode = 400 g − 150 g = 250 g c.0 h)(3600 s/h) 3 9.69 mol (55.CHEM 30 – January 2001 2.00C/s)(26. An aluminum anode would last longer than iron because a smaller mass of aluminum would be consumed under the same circumstances.00 C/s)(48.3 g used vs 150 g of Fe(s) iii . 2 (CrO42–(aq) + 4 H2O(l) + 3 e– → Cr(OH)3(s) + 5 OH–(aq)) 3(Fe(s) → Fe2+(aq) + 2 e–) 2 CrO42–(aq) + 3 Fe(s) + 8 H2O(l) → 2 Cr(OH)3(s) + 10 OH–(aq) + 3 Fe2+(aq) (or 3 Fe(OH)2(s) + 4 OH–(aq)) b.37 mol 9.65 × 104 C/mol () = 48. m Al = (3.65 × 10 4 C/mol n Fe = 1 n e − = 2.69 mol 2 m Fe = 2.

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