lPph eqPph

tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk

Qjojh 2012
cM+h jktuhfrd
ikfVZ;kW

pquko fpUg
igys ls gh r;
ikVhZ }kjk fd;k
x;k [kpZ
mEehnokj ds
[kpZ esa ugha
tqM+rk

xSj ekU;rk
izkIr ny ;k
funZyh;
mEehnokj

pquko fpUg
pquko ls 15
fnu igys
gh feyrk gS
pquko [kpZ
lhek r;

;g pquko fu"i{k dgka gSa\

Lkks’kfYkLV ikVhZ ¼bf.M;k½
mRrj izns’k fo/kkulHkkvksa ds mEehnokjksa dh lwph
d0la0

uke

1
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Jh
eqnzk jk{kl
Jh
deykdkUr f=osnh
Jherh bUnw falag
Jh
Vsd pUnz oekZ
Jh
xaxk jke
Jh lqHkk’k pUnz
Jh rqykjke frokjh
Jh vuqjkx R;kxh
PkkS0 usdiky flag ;kno
Jh lS;n jkfln vyh
Jh lqHkk’k pUnz nwcs
Jh gfj jke
Jh jktk jke
Jh jkts”k pkS/kjh
Jh lat; eksgu
Jh t;pUnz frokjh
Jherh lq’kek
Jherh jenbZ
Jh jfodqekj xksLokeh
Jh dey fd”kksj xkSre
Jh nsoUs nz dqekj f=ikBh
Jh jathr izrki flag
Jh vt; dqekj jLrksxh
Jh lqjUs nz iky
Jh fo|k izdk”k ik.Ms;
Jh lqnkek f=ikBh
Jh deyk dqekj feJ
Jh jkepUnz HkkxZo

2 | lPph eqPph

fo/kkulHkk {ks=
171
174
173
286
284
287
295
124
126
125
328
309
311
307
308
375
163
161
208
294
206
270
155
158
330
169
236
153

eksckby

y[kuÅ] if”pe
y[kuÅ e/;
y[kuÅ iwohZ
lnj] cgjkbp
eVsjk] cgjkbp
i;kxiqj] cgjkbp
esgukSu] xks.Mk
cjsyh “kgj fo/kku lHkk {ks=
vkWoyk cjsyh
cjsyh dSUV fo/kkuLkHkk {ks=
fpYYkwikj] xksj[kiqj
:nkSyh cLrh
egknsok] cLrh lqjf{kr
gjS;k cLRkh
dIrkuxat] cLrh
xkthiqj lnj
lQhiqj mUuko ¼lqjf{kr½
lf.Myk gjnksbZ
Hkksxuhiqj]jekckbZ uxj
jlwykckn jekckbZ uxj ¼lqjf{kr½
jfu;k jekckbZ uxj vdcjiqj
nfj;kckn] ckjkcadh
“kkgkckn] gjnksbZ
lk.Mh] gjnksbZ lqjf{kr
iMjkSuk] dq”khuxj
cD”kh rkykc] y[kuÅ
dohZ] fp=dqV
fefJ[k] lhrkiqj lqjf{kr

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

9628378850
8004850273
9455249562
9721674629
9451215597
9208534958
9919427808
09319677359
09412345650
09219216874
8756807161

9451104260

9839731049
9984995929
9795464913
9415452496
9919434562
9208607461

Qjojh 2012

fo"k; lwph
123456789-

;g pquko fu"i{k dgka gSa\----------------------------3
^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= fQYe--------------7
flQZ gaxkek [kM+k djuk edln ugha--------9
ctV iwoZ lq>ko------------------------------------------------12
tujktuhfr dh rkdrsa gq;h ,dlkFk---------18
lks'kfyLV ikVhZ D;ksa\--------------------------------------19
vkxkeh dk;Zdze------------------------------------------------22
yksd jktuhfr eap dh oSdfYid jktuhfr---23
yksd jktuhfr eap dh vkpkj lafgrk--------24

lPph eqPph
o"kZ 11% vad 2

Qjojh 2012

;g pquko
fu"i{k dgka gSa\
m-iz- lesr ikap jkT;ksa esa fo/kku
lHkk pquko gksus okys gSaA izpkj tksj
idM+us yxk gSA lHkh ny o mEehnokj
ernkrkvksa dks izHkkfor djus esa yxs gq,
gSaA nwljh rjQ pquko vk;ksx ,d 'kfDr
ds :i esa mHkjk gS tks pqukoksa dks fu"i{k
djkus dh dksf'k'k djrk gSA pquko
vk;ksx dh l[rh dk dkQh QdZ Hkh
iM+k gSA dkQh fQtwy [kphZ vkSj
vuSfrd rjhdksa ls ernkrkvksa dks
izHkkfor djus ij jksd yxh gSA fdUrq
fQj Hkh dqN eqn~ns gSa ftuij fopkj
fd;k tkuk t:jh gSA

lEiknd e.My
,l-vkj-nkjkiqjh 9415164845
ukxs'k f=ikBh 9452112004
vjfoUn ewfrZ 9839835032
jksek 9415233583
jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
fo/kku lHkk pquko esa izR;sd
QSDl% 0522&2358230
mEehnokj ds izpkj ij [kpZ dh lhek
lykgdkj e.My
#- 16 yk[k r; dh xbZ gSA fdUrq
es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro]
jktuhfrd nyksa ds izpkj ij dksbZ lhek
;ksxsUnz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu]
ugha r; gSA ny ds en ls tks v[kckjksa
uhykHk feJ] vthr lkgh] ts-ih- flag] MkW- lquhye~
esa foKkiu fn, tk,axs ;k izpkj ds
O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ%
nkSjku gsyhdkWIVjksa vFkok pkVZj~M gokbZ
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
tgktksa dk tks bLrseky fd;k tk,xk
,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016-m0iz0
Qksu% 0522&2347365
bu ij dksbZ vadq'k ugha gSA ;kuh fd
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
cM+s nyksa] ftuds ikl oSls Hkh iSlksa dh
dksbZ deh ugha vkSj tks igys ls gh
foKkiu% nsos'k iVsy 9455037799
forj.k% oYyHkkpk;Z] iznhi flag
etcwr fLFkfr esa gSa ds [kpZ ij rks dksbZ
^ysvkmV] fMt+kbu] izdk'ku*%
jksd gS gh ughaA [kpZ dh lhek flQZ
lh-,u-,l- www.citizen-news.org
NksVs nyksa ;k funZyh; mEehnokjksa ds
lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
fy, gSA dk;ns ls cM+s nyksa dk [kpZ
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek=
mlds ftrus mEehnokj [kM+s gSa muesa
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k euhvkMZj }kjk O;oLFkkidh;
cjkcj cjkcj tqM+uk pkfg, ;k fQj mu
irs ij HkstsaA
3 | lPph eqPph
www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org
Qjojh 2012

mEehnokjksa ds [kpZ esa tqM+uk pkfg,
ftUgksaus ny dh fdlh [kkl lsok dk
mi;ksx fd;k] tSls fd muds ;gka ;fn
ny dk dksbZ cM+k usrk gsyhdkWIVj ls
izpkj ds fy, vk;k rks ml ;k=k dk
gsfydkWIVj [kpZ ml mEehnokj ds pquko
[kpZ esa tqM+uk pkfg,A
xSj ekU;rk izkIr nyksa ds
mEehnokjksa ;k fQj funZyh; mEehnokjksa
dks viuk pquko fpUg ernku ls djhc
15 fnuksa igys feyrk gS tcfd ekU;rk
izkIr nyksa dks igys ls gh viuk pquko
fpUg ekywe gSA ;kuh fd cM+s nyksa dks
;gka Hkh ykHk gSA os viuk izpkj dbZ
fnuksa ;k eghuksa ls dj jgs gksrs gSa
tcfd NksVk mEehnokj flQZ ianzg fnu
igys gh viuk fpUg tku ikrk gSA
pwafd LFkkfir nyksa dh rqyuk esa mlds
ikl lalk/kuksa dk oSls Hkh vHkko gS] og
fo/kku lHkk {ks= dh fo'kkyrk dks ns[krs
gq, fdlh Hkh lwjr esa vius pquko fpUg
ls lHkh ernkrkvksa dks voxr ugha djk
ik,xkA gksuk rks ;g pkfg, fd lHkh
mEehnokjksa dks izpkj ds fy, leku
vof/k feyuh pkfg,A ;k rks cM+s nyksa
dks vius pquko fpUg ds izpkj vof/k ds
igys izpkj ij dM+h jksd yxuh pkfg,
vU;Fkk mUgsa gjsd pquko ds fy, ,d
u;k fpUg mlh fnu feyuk pkfg, ftl
fnu ckdh yksxksa dks feyrk gSA
bl ij fopkj fd;k tkuk
t:jh gS fd gjsd pquko ds fy, izR;sd
ny dks u;k fpUg D;ksa ugha fn;k tk
ldrk\ blls LFkkbZ fpUgksa dks ewfrZ;ksa esa
rCnhy djus dh izo`fRr ij Hkh jksd
yxsxhA
4 | lPph eqPph

fo/kku lHkk pquko esa izR;sd
mEehnokj ds izpkj ij [kpZ dh
lhek #- 16 yk[k r; dh xbZ
gSA fdUrq jktuhfrd nyksa ds
izpkj ij dksbZ lhek ugha r; gSA
ny ds en ls tks v[kckjksa esa
foKkiu fn, tk,axs ;k izpkj ds
nkSjku gsyhdkWIVjksa vFkok pkVZj~M
gokbZ tgktksa dk tks bLrseky
fd;k tk,xk bu ij dksbZ vadq'k
ugha gSA ;kuh fd cM+s nyksa]
ftuds ikl oSls Hkh iSlksa dh
dksbZ deh ugha vkSj tks igys ls
gh etcwr fLFkfr esa gSa ds [kpZ
ij rks dksbZ jksd gS gh ughaA [kpZ
dh lhek flQZ NksVs nyksa ;k
funZyh; mEehnokjksa ds fy, gSA
pquko vk;ksx us m-iz- esa Bhd
gh orZeku ljdkj ds dk;Zdky esa cuh
lqJh ek;korh dh ewfrZ;ksa o cgqtu
lekt ikVhZ ds pquko fpUg gkFkh dh
ewfrZ;ksa dks pquko vof/k esa <dus dk
funsZ'k fn;kA fdUrq ewfrZ;ksa dks <dus dk
[kpZ jktuhfrd ny ls fy;k tkuk

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

pkfg, Fkk ftldks bu ewfrZ;ksa dk ykHk
feyus okyk gS u fd iz'kklu lsA ;g
rks turk ds lkFk ljklj vU;k; gSA
igys rks ewfrZ;ksa o ikdZ cukus dk cks>
mlds Åij vkSj vc ewfrZ;ksa dks <dus
dk [kpZ Hkh turk gh ogu djsA D;k
vc gjsd pquko esa ewfrZ;ksa dks <dus dk
Hkh Bsdk fn;k tk,xk\
bl ckj m-iz- pqukoksa esa fuokZpu
vk;ksx us r; fd;k gS fd mEehnokj ds
[kpZ ij og ,d Nk;k jftLVj Hkh
cuk,xhA ;kuh fd mEehnokj }kjk
viuk pquko [kpZ fn, tkus ds vykok
,d vk;ksx dh rjQ ls Hkh [kpZ dk
vuqeku j[kk tk,xkA ysfdu bldk rHkh
eryc gS tc mEehnokj vkSj vk;ksx
nksuksa }kjk tks fglkc&fdrkc j[kk tk
jgk gS mldh tkudkjh turk rd
igqapsA ;fn turk dks ;g tkudkjh
miyC/k jgsxh rks og mEehnokj }kjk
fn, tk jgs fglkc dh tkap dj ldrh
gS vkSj ;fn mlesa dksbZ xM+cM+h ik;h
tkrh gS rks mldh f'kdk;r dh tk
ldrh gSA nwljh rjQ ;fn vk;ksx ds
vuqeku dks Hkh lkoZtfud fd;k tkrk
gS rks igyk dke rks ;gh gksxk fd
mEehnokj }kjk tek fd, x, [kpZ ls
mldk feyku fd;k tk, vkSj dksbZ cM+h
xM+cM+h] ;fn gS rks] izdk'k esa ykbZ
tk,A ;fn vk;ksx tkudkjh ds vHkko esa
fdUgha [kpksZa dks ugha tksM+rk gS rks
turk mldks tqM+ok ldrh gSA vr%
fglkc&fdrkc esa vk;ksx dh vksj ls
,d ikjn'khZ O;oLFkk cukus ls pquko
[kpZ dks lhek ds vanj j[ks tkus esa
turk dh lh/ks lgHkkfxrk lqfuf'pr
gksxhA
5 | lPph eqPph

xSj ekU;rk izkIr nyksa ds
mEehnokjksa ;k fQj funZyh;
mEehnokjksa dks viuk pquko fpUg
ernku ls djhc 15 fnuksa igys
feyrk gS tcfd ekU;rk izkIr
nyksa dks igys ls gh viuk pquko
fpUg ekywe gSA ;kuh fd cM+s nyksa
dks ;gka Hkh ykHk gSA os viuk
izpkj dbZ fnuksa ;k eghuksa ls dj
jgs gksrs gSa tcfd NksVk mEehnokj
flQZ ianzg fnu igys gh viuk
fpUg tku ikrk gSA pwafd LFkkfir
nyksa dh rqyuk esa mlds ikl
lalk/kuksa dk oSls Hkh vHkko gS] og
fo/kku lHkk {ks= dh fo'kkyrk dks
ns[krs gq, fdlh Hkh lwjr esa vius
pquko fpUg ls lHkh ernkrkvksa
dks voxr ugha djk ik,xkA gksuk
rks ;g pkfg, fd lHkh mEehnokjksa
dks izpkj ds fy, leku vof/k
feyuh pkfg,A

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

mEehnokj vc dkQh bZekunkjh
ds lkFk viuh lEifRr o vk; dk C;kSjk
rks lkoZtfud djus yxs gSa ysfdu ,d
pquko o vxys pquko ds chp dh vof/k
esa mudh vk; esa tks o`f) gqbZ gS bl
ij loky mBkus dh izfdz;k vHkh r;
ugha gqbZ gSA ;fn mEehnokj dh lEifRr
;k vk; esa ,slh o`f) gqbZ gS tks muds
Kkr vk; ds lzksrksa ls tk;t ugha
BgjkbZ tk ldrh rks mldh tkap dh
izfd;k Lor% pkyw gks tkuh pkfg,
vFkok vk;dj foHkkx dks rqjar lfdz;

gks tkuk pkfg,A blds fcuk flQZ
lEifRr ;k vk; dh tkudkjh dks
lkoZtfud djus dk D;k vFkZ gS\ tu
izfrfuf/k cuus ds ckn Hkz"Vkpkj ds iSls
ls lEifRr tqVkus dh izo`fRr ij vadq'k
yxkuk t:jh gSA blds fy, bl ckr
dh fu;fer tkap gksrh jguh pkfg, fd
fdlh Hkh tu izfrfuf/k ;k ljdkjh
deZpkjh@vf/kdkjh dh lEifRr mldh
vk; ds Kkr lzksrksa ls vf/kd u gksA

& MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;

mEehnokj vc dkQh bZekunkjh
ds lkFk viuh lEifRr o vk;
dk C;kSjk rks lkoZtfud djus
yxs gSa ysfdu ,d pquko o
vxys pquko ds chp dh vof/k
esa mudh vk; esa tks o`f) gqbZ gS
bl ij loky mBkus dh izfdz;k
vHkh r; ugha gqbZ gSA

6 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

nfyr eqn~nksa dks mBkrk gS%&
^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp=
vkokt+ mudh
ftuds Loj ekSu gSa
^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp=
fQYe ¼200 feuV½ vusd iq:Ldkjksa
ls
vyad`r
lqizfl)
fQYe&funsZ'kd vkuan iVo/kZu
}kjk cuk;h x;h gSA bl fQYe dh
pyfp=dkj ;k ^flusekWVksxzkQ+j*
flearuh /kq: gSaA budks 1996 dk
loksZRre o`Rrfp= fQYe ds fy,
fQYeQsvj iq:Ldkj Hkh izkIr gq;k
FkkA
^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= fQYe
nfyr eqn~nksa vkSj lekt esa O;kIr
tkfr ds vk/kkj ij gks jgs 'kks"k.k
ij dsfUnzr gS vkSj cM+h ekuoh;
laons uk ds lkFk bl eqn~ns ds
fofHkUu igyqvksa dks mBkrh gSA
bl ^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp=
dks ^fQYe lkmFk ,f'k;k* dkBekaMw
2011 esa loZJs"B fQYe ds
iq:Ldkj ls uoktk x;kA
tuojh&Qjojh 2012 esa] ^t; Hkhe
dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= dks duZkVdk ,oa
7 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

rkfey ukMw ds vusd 'kgjksa esa iznf'kr
fd;k x;kA fpUubZ eas bl fQYe dks
^tjeu gkWy* ,oa dyk{ks= ds izkax.k esa
20&21 tuojh dks iznf'kZr fd;k x;k
ftlesa nf{k.k Hkkjr ds lSdM+ksa ykxksa ds
lkFk y[kuÅ ls dqN lkfFk;ksa us Hkh
Hkkx fy;kA
2000 lkyksa ls vf/kd le; ls nfyr
leqnk; us lekt esa O;kIr tkfr ds
vk/kkj ij 'kks"k.k >syk gSA ^t; Hkhe
dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= tqykbZ 1997 esa eqEcbZ
ds jekckbZ okMZ dh >ksiM+&>qfXx;ksa esa
gq;h nqHkZkX;iw.kZ ?kVuk ij vk/kkfjr gS
tc 11 tqykbZ 1997 dh lqcg cLrh ds
yksxksa us ns[kk fd ckck Hkhe jko
vEcsMdj dh iqjkuh eqfrZ dk
vifo=hdj.k gks x;k gSA iqfyl us
LFkkuh; yksxksa dks csjgeh ls ekjk ihVk
vkSj muij xksfy;kWa pyk;haA bl
xksyhckjh esa 10 fugRFks nfyr yksx
iqfyl ds gkFkksa ekjs x;sA
foykl ?kks?kjs] tks bl ^t; Hkhe
dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= fQYe ds laxhrdkj
Hkh gSa] vkSj okeiaFkh fopkj/kkjk ls tqM+s
dfo vkSj xk;d jgs gSa] mUgksaus iqfyl
}kjk nfyrksa dks csjgeh ls ekjs tkus ds
fojks/k esa 15 tqykbZ 1997 dks vkRegR;k
dj yhA
bl ^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= fQYe
dks 1997&2010 ds nkSjku cuk;k x;k gS
tks foykl ?kks?kjs ds lkj&xfHkZr laxhr
ds lkFk&lkFk lekt esa xgjh O;kIr
vlkeurkvksa ls tqM+s vusd laxhu eqn~ns

mBkrk gSA bl fQYe esa ,d lk{kkRdkj
ds nkSjku dgk x;k gS fd nfyrksa ds
?kj?kj esa laxhr clrk gSA vQzhdk ;k
vejhdk esa Hkh ekuokf/kdkj ls tqM+s
tu&vkanksyuksa esa laxhr vkSj dforkvksa
dk cM+k egRo jgk gSA lEHkor% dkO;
vkSj xk;u ds tfj, 'kksf"kr oxksZa dks
laxfBr gks dj viuk nq%[k&nnZ ckWaVus
dk volj vkSj la?k"kZ ds fy, vf/kd
'kfDr vkSj eukscy feyrk gksxkA
vkuan iVo/kZu dh fQ+Ye ^t; Hkhe
dkWejsM* yksdra= dk vlyh psgjk
bekunkjh ls lkeus ykrh gS tgkWa
gdhdr esa gj ukxfjd cjkcj ugha gS
vkSj ,d cM+k oxZ vkt Hkh “kks"k.k vkSj
vlekurk ls tw> jgk gSA D;k yksdra=
esa ;g lEHko gS fd jktuhfrK fdlh
leqnk; dks lekIr djus dh ckr djsa\
;fn lgh ek;us esa yksdra= dk;e gksrk
rks ,slh lkEiznkf;d ckr djus okys
yksxksa ij dkuwuu vadq'k yxrkA eqEcbZ
tSls cM+s egkuxj ds dqN laHkzkra yksxksa
ds dFku tks bl fQYe esa gSa mlls
lkQ+ tkfgj gS fd vHkh Hkh gekjs ns'k esa
nfyr oxZ fdruk 'kks"k.k vkSj vlekurk
>sy jgk gSA
& lh-,u-,l-

^t; Hkhe dkWejsM* o`Rrfp= fQYe ¼200 feuV½ dks vius {ks=ksa esa iznf'kZr
djus ds fy, d`i;k lPph eqPph ds O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ ij fuosnu fy[ksaA

flQZ gaxkek [kM+k djuk esjk edln ugha]
esjh dksf'k'k gS fd ;g lwjr cnyuh pkfg,
& vQ+ykrwu nslkbZ] okjk.klh dSUV ls izR;k’kh &
vktknh dh yM+kbZ dk ,d lkQ
edln Fkk] xqykeh ds tq, dks
mrkj QsdukA tc mís'; Åapk
vkSj lkQ&lkQ gksrk gS rc
lekt dk gj rcdk ml
jktuhfr ls tqM+ tkrk gSA ekStnw k
fo/kku lHkk pquko ,d ,sls nkSj esa
gks jgk gS tc ns'k ds gj ukxfjd
ds eu esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ rhoz
Hkkouk gSA ysfdu jktuhfr dh
eq[;/kkjk ds vf/kdka'k* nyksa ds
ikao Hkz"Vkpkj ds dhpM ls lus gSaA
blh otg ls vke turk dk bu
pqukoksa esa mRlkg de fn[k jgk gSA
ns'k esa cM+s cM+s ?kksVkyksa dh vkbZ
ck<+ dh tM+ ls ƒ‹‹„ ls pykbZ
xbZ vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa dk lh/kk
lEcU/k gSA bu uhfr;ksa dks dsUæ
vkSj jkT; esa jgh gj ny dh
ljdkj us viuk fy;k gSA blhfy, ;s
reke ikfVZ;ka bl pquko esa bu elyksa
ls eqag pqjk jgh gSaA
f'kf{kr ukStokuksa dks NksVh&lh ukSdjh
Hkh fcuk fj'or ugha fey jghA ubZ
vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa ls jkstxkj ds volj
ladqfpr gq, gSaA vkcknh ds eqëh&Hkj
yksxksa ds fy, jkstxkj] LokLF;] f'k{kk
dh lqfo/kkvksa dks c<+kok nsus dk lh/kk
eryc gS fd vke yksxksa dks bu

lqfo/kkvksa ls nwj fd;k tkukA tc vke
turk dh t:jrksa dks iwjk djuk mís';
gksxk rc gh jkstxkj ds volj c<+ax
s s
vkSj os jkstxkj lqjf{kr jgsaxsA
,d çHkko'kkyh tu yksdiky dkuwu dh
/kfTt;ka mM+kus esa lHkh cM+s nyksa us dksbZ
dlj ugha NksM+hA Hkz"Vkpkj dk lQk;k
djus ds fy, tu yksdiky ds vykok
Hkh vU; igy Hkh djuh gksaxhA

cqudjh&tjnksth rFkk vU; jkstxkj]
LokLF; ] f'k{kk & bu lHkh {ks=ksa esa
turk dh nq'kokfj;ka c<+ xbZ gSaA vke
cqudj vkSj nLrdkj dks /;ku esa j[kdj
diM+k uhfr vkSj nLrdkj uhfr vc rd
ugha cuh gSA lHkh cM+h ikfVZ;ka blds
fy, ftEesnkj gSaA cqudjksa dh lgdkjh
lfefr ds uke ij QthZokM+s ds ekeys
Hkh lkeus vk, gSaA tjnksth vkSj
nLrdkjh ls tqM+s yksxksa dks cqudjksa ds
leku lqfo/kk;sa feyuh pkfg,A cqudj
vkSj nLrdkj bl ns'k ds fy, cgqewY;
fons'kh eqæk vftZr djrs gSa ysfdu
mudh rjDdh dh ges'kk vuns[kh dh
tkrh gSA
[ksrh vkSj nLrdkjh ds ckn gekjs ns'k esa
lcls cM+k jkstxkj [kqnjk&O;kikj gS
ftl ij geys dh j.kuhfr cu pqdh gSA
dsUæ ljdkj dh ikVhZ ds jktdqaoj dh
le>nkjh ds vuqlkj nkuokdkj fons'kh
dEifu;ksa dks ns'k dk [kqnjk&O;kikj
lkSai dj os fdlkuksa dk Hkyk djus tk
jgs gSaA ns'k ds lcls cM+s ?kjkus ds }kjk
ftu lwcksa esa lCth dk [kqnjk&O;olk;
gks jgk gS D;k ogka ds fdlkuksa us
[kqndq'kh ls eqfä ik yh gS \
çns'k dh ljdkj }kjk Hkz"Vkpkj dks u;k
laLFkkxr :i ns fn;k x;k gSA fdlkuksa
dh tehusa ysdj tks fcYMj u;s uxj
vkSj ,Dlçsl&os cukus dh tqxr esa gS]
muds [kpZ ij çns'k ljdkj us iqfyl
Fkkus ¼pqukj½ dk fuekZ.k djok;k gSA dbZ
iqfyl pkSfd;ka vijkf/k;ksa ds iSlksa ls
cuokbZ xbZ gSaA lektoknh tuifj"kn
ubZ jktuSfrd laL—fr dh LFkkiuk ds
fy, cuk gSA ftu bykdksa esa ny us
10 | lPph eqPph

cqudjh&tjnksth rFkk vU;
jkstxkj] LokLF; ] f'k{kk & bu
lHkh {ks=ksa esa turk dh
nq'kokfj;ka c<+ xbZ gSaA vke
cqudj vkSj nLrdkj dks /;ku
esa j[kdj diM+k uhfr vkSj
nLrdkj uhfr vc rd ugha
cuh gSA lHkh cM+h ikfVZ;ka
blds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA
la?k"kZ fd;k gS vkSj etcwr tehu cuk
yh gS flQZ ogha pquko esa f'kjdr djrk
gSA etcwr jktuSfrd fodYi cukus dk
dke O;kid tu&vkUnksyu }kjk gh
laHko gSA blfy, Hkz"V jktuhfr ds
nk,js ls ckgj pyus okys vkUnksyuksa
vkSj laxBuksa ds ekspsZ dk og fgLlk gSA
jk"Vªh;&Lrj ij ^yksd jktuhfr eap*
rFkk tu vkUnksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;
,slh cM+h igy gSa rFkk LFkkuh; Lrj ij
lk>k laL—fr eap] tks lkekftd
ljksdkjksa dk lk>k eap gSA
okjk.klh ds gekjs çR;k'kh dh jktuSfrd
;k=k blh 'kgj esa t;çdk'k vkUnksyu
ds fd'kksj dk;ZdrkZ ds :i esa 'kq# gqbZ%
Nk=&jktuhfr dks tkfr&iSls&xqaMkxnhZ
ls eqä djkus dh fn'kk esa lerk ;qotu

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

lHkk ls os tqM+s vkSj ,d u;h jktuhfr
dh lQyrk ds 'kq#vkrh çrhd cusA
yksdrkaf=d vf/kdkj vkSj fodsUæhdj.k]
lkekftd U;k; ]i;kZoj.k rFkk vkfFkZd
uhfr ds nq"ifj.kkeksa ds fo#)
laxBudrkZ cus rFkk bUgha la?k"kksaZ ds
fy, lekt&fojks/kh
rkdrksa ds
ykBh&MaMs [kk;s vkSj Fkksis x, QthZ
eqdneksa esa dbZ ckj tsy x;sA
fQjdkokjkuk rkdrksa dk eqdkcyk djus
ds fy, uxj esa xfBr ^ln~Hkko vfHk;ku*
ls os lfØ;rk ls tqM+sA lkEçnkf;d
naxksa ds nkSjku Fkksis x;s QthZ eqdneksa
dks gVkus ds i{k esa rFkk fgalk esa 'kjhd
yksxksa ij yxs eqdneksa dks ljdkj }kjk
gVkus ds fo#) vQykrwu us dke;kc
dksf'k'k dhA iqfyl mRihM+u ds f[kykQ
gekjs lewg us jpukRed la?k"kZ dk
lgkjk fy;k gS rFkk ekuokf/kdkj vk;ksx
}kjk lkFkZd gLr{ksi ds fy, igy dh
gSA
okjk.klh ds L=h ljksdkjksa ds lk>k eap
& leUo; ds ek/;e ls 'kgj esa gh ugha
lewps jkT; esa gq, ukjh&mRihM+u ds
fo#) dkjxj vkokt mBkbZ xbZ gSA
jkst&c&jkst dh ukxfjd leL;kvksa dk
lek/kku uxj fuxe vkSj mlds
lHkklnksa ds Lrj ij gksuk pkfg,A
fo/kk;d&uhf/k dk nq#i;ksx T;knk gksxk
;fn dksbZ Bsdsnkj gh fo/kk;d cu tk,A
blfy, okjk.klh dSUV {ks= esa Hkz"V
jktuhfr ls tqM+s nyksa dk fodYi
[kkstus dh vki dksf'k'k djsx
a s rks
vkidh fujk'kk nwj gks ldrh gSA cM+s
nyksa ls turk dh fujk'kk ds dkj.k
11 | lPph eqPph

çns'k dh ljdkj }kjk Hkz"Vkpkj dks
u;k laLFkkxr :i ns fn;k x;k
gSA fdlkuksa dh tehusa ysdj tks
fcYMj u;s uxj vkSj ,Dlçsl&os
cukus dh tqxr esa gS] muds [kpZ
ij çns'k ljdkj iqfyl Fkkus
¼pqukj½ dk fuekZ.k djok;k gSA
dbZ iqfyl pkSfd;ka vijkf/k;ksa ds
iSlksa ls cuokbZ xbZ gSaA
fQj vLi"V cgqer dk nkSj 'kq# gksxk
,slk çrhr gks jgk gSA blfy,
lektoknh tuifj"kn ds mEehnokj
fo/kku lHkk esa foi{k esa jgus vkSj tu
vkdka{kkvksa dh vkokt dks cqyUn djus
dk ladYi ysrs gSaA gesa turk ds foosd
ij Hkjkslk gSA ;g flQZ vQokg gh gks
ldrh gS fd lqcg gksxh gh ughaA lqcg
gksxh D;ksafd er] cy]leFkZu vkids gkFk
esa gSA Hkz"V jktuhfr ls tqM+s nyks ls
NqVdkjk ikus dh vkidh dksf'k'k lQy
gksxh ;g ges ;dhu gSA fo/kku lHkk esa
vkidh vkokt cqyUn gks blfy, ge
vki ls vihy djrs gSa fd viuk vewY;
oksV nsdj okjk.klh dSUV ls lektoknh
tuifj"kn ds lkQ&lqFkjs vkSj tq>k#
mEehnokj vQykrwu dks Hkkjh erksa ls
fot;h cuk,aA & lektoknh tuifj"kn

& mÙkj çns'k] yksd jktuhfrd eap] vkSj
lk>k laL—fr eap

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

ctV iwoZ lq>ko
¼;s lq>ko 17 tuojh] 2012] dks foRr ea=h }kjk lkekftd {ks= ds
lkFk ctV iwoZ ppkZ gsrq MkW-lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk izsf”kr fd, x,½
d`f"k {ks= dks lcls vge
izkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg,] lEHko gks
rks d`f"k dk vyx ctV gh gksuk
pkfg,A Qlyh o xSj&Qlyh _.k dk
varj lekIr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A _.k
C;kt jfgr gksuk pkfg,A C;kt fdlh
Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa 4 izfr'kr ls vf/kd
ugha gksuk pkfg, vkSj ;g lk/kkj.k C;kt
gksuk pkfg,A fdlkuksa ds Åij pdzfof/k
C;kt ugha yxuk pkfg,A ;fn iq#"k
_.k gsrq vkosnu dj jgk gS rks iRuh
dh lgefr vko';d gksuh pkfg,A
cfYd ljdkj dh lHkh dY;k.kdkjh
;kstukvksa gsrq ftlesa dksbZ ifjokj
ykHkkFkhZ gS efgyk dks ifjokj dk izeq[k
ekuk tkuk pkfg, tSlk fd [kk| lqj{kk
dkuwu esa izLrkfor gSA U;wure leFkZu
ewY; dh txg ykHkdkjh ewY; ykxw
gksuk pkfg, tks fdlku dh ykxr ls
vf/kd gksuk pkfg,A [kkn] cht o
Mhty ds ewY;ksa ij fu;a=.k gksuk pkfg,
;k ljdkj dh rjQ ls NwV feyuh
pkfg,A fdlkuksa dks ltho [ksrh dh
fn'kk esa izsfjr fd;k tkuk pkfg, rkfd
mudh cktkj ij fuHkZjrk de gks ldsA
lEHko gks rks xzke lHkk Lrj ij xksnkeksa
ds fuekZ.k ls Hk.Mkj.k {kerk c<+kbZ
tkuh pkfg, rkfd vukt dks cjckn
gksus ls cpk;k tk lds vkSj fdlku
viuh ethZ ls mls csp ik,A xzkeh.k

vFkZO;oLFkk dks lqn`<+ djus gsrq dqVhj
m|ksxksa dks c<+kok fn;k tkuk pkfg,A
jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh
;kstuk esa etnwjh 250 #- izfr fnu
gksuh pkfg, tks gjsd ewY; o`f) vkSj
ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa ds osru o`f) ds
lkFk la'kksf/kr gksuh pkfg,A lkjh d`f"k
etnwjh xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh ;kstuk
ls nh tkuh pkfg,A etnwjh dh xkj.Vh
izR;sd O;fDr u fd ifjokj dks gksuh
pkfg, rFkk ;g iwjs lky ds fy, gksuh
pkfg,A
'kgj vkSj xkaoksa esa dze'k% 32 o
26 #i, izfr fnu ds [kpZ ds xjhch
js[kk ds ekud dks okil fy;k tkuk
pkfg,A xjhch js[kk ds uhps thou
;kiu djus okyksa dh lwfp;ka ;k rks xzke
lHkkvksa esa cuuh pkfg, vFkok xjhc dks
ljdkjh fodkl ,oa dY;k.kdkjh
;kstukvksa ls ykHk izkIr djus gsrq Lo;a
dks lwph esa 'kkfey djkus dh NwV gksuh
pkfg,A

ljdkjh [kk| lqj{kk O;oLFkk ds
lkFk&lkFk xq#}kjksa esa yaxj dh O;oLFkk
dh rtZ ij izR;sd /kkfeZd o lkoZtfud
LFky ij yaxj dh O;oLFkk dks
izksRlkfgr fd;k tkuk pkfg, rkfd
dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ls futkr ik;k tk
ldsA
'kknh] lkekftd] jktuhfrd
vk;kstuksa ds volj ij /ku ds HkkSaMs
izn'kZu ij mlh rjg jksd yxuh pkfg,
ftl rjg pquko [kpZ ij yxh gSA
80 izfr'kr fctyh o vU;
lalk/ku xkaoksa esa tkus pkfg,A
'kjkc ij iw.kZ izfrca/k yxuk
pkfg,A
fo|ky;ksa o izkFkfed LokLF;
dsUnzkas ij i;kZIr la[;k o fofo/krk esa
dze'k% f'k{kd o fpfdRld fu;qDr gksus
pkfg,A ;g cM+h fofp= ckr gS fd ,d

lekt esa fofHkUu oxksZa dh
vk; esa nl xq.kk ls T;knk
dk QdZ ugha gksuk pkfg,A
[kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh
pkfg,A xjhch js[kk ds ctk,
vehjh js[kk r; gksuh pkfg,
vkSj flQZ vehjksa ij dj
yxuk pkfg,A
13 | lPph eqPph

'kgj vkSj xkaoksa esa dze'k% 32 o
26 #i, izfr fnu ds [kpZ ds
xjhch js[kk ds ekud dks okil
fy;k tkuk pkfg,A xjhch js[kk
ds uhps thou ;kiu djus okyksa
dh lwfp;ka ;k rks xzke lHkkvksa
esa cuuh pkfg, vFkok xjhc dks
ljdkjh fodkl ,oa dY;k.kdkjh
;kstukvksa ls ykHk izkIr djus
gsrq Lo;a dks lwph esa 'kkfey
djkus dh NwV gksuh pkfg,A
vksj gekjs lkeus csjkstxkjh dh Hkh"k.k
leL;k gS rks nwljh rjQ f'k{kdksa]
fpfdRldks]a xzke ia;k;r fodkl
vf/kdkfj;ksa
;k
[k.M
fodkl
vf/kdkfj;ksa] ftudh fodkl esa vge
Hkwfedk gS] tSls deZpkfj;ksa dh Hkkjh deh
gSA
lekt esa fofHkUu oxksZa dh vk;
esa nl xq.kk ls T;knk dk QdZ ugha
gksuk pkfg,A [kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh
pkfg,A xjhch js[kk ds ctk, vehjh
js[kk r; gksuh pkfg, vkSj flQZ vehjksa
ij dj yxuk pkfg,A
Hkz"Vkpkj jksdus ds fy, vk; ds
Kkr lzksrksa ls vf/kd lEifRr ds ekeys
esa fu;fer tkap ,oa nks"kh O;fDr;ksa ds
f[kykQ dM+h dk;Zokgh gksuh pkfg,A
'kgjh gncanh dkuwu nksckjk cuuk
pkfg, rFkk ,slh lkjh lEifRr;ka ftudk

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

vkadyu lgh dher ls dkQh de fd;k
x;k gS ljdkj }kjk vf/kxzfgr dj yh
tkuh pkfg, rkfd dkys /ku dk lEifRr
o Hkwfe esa fuos'k u gks ldsA
vkokl gsrq izLrkfor lhek gS
izfr ifjokj ,d 300&500 oxZ ehVj dk
IYkkWV ;k ,d 3500&4000 oxZ QhV dk
Q~ySVA dkys /ku ij vadq'k yxkus gsrq
500 o 1000 #- ds cM+s uksV vFkZO;oLFkk
ls okil fy, tkus pkfg,A
Hkz"Vkpkj flQZ iSlksa dk voS/k
ysu&nsu ugha gksrkA fu.kZ; dh izfdz;k
esa dksbZ vfu;ferrk Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj dh
ifjHkk"kk esa vkuh pkfg,A mnkgj.k ds
fy, iqfyl us fdlh funksZ"k O;fDr ds
f[kykQ >wBk eqdnek fy[kkA og O;fDr
fxjQ~rkj gks x;kA iqfyl us QthZ lcwr
tqVk, o pktZ'khV nkf[ky dj nhA
U;k;ky; esa yEch lquokbZ ds ckn
vkjksih cjh gks tkrk gSA fdUrq rc rd
mlds thou dh ,d vof/k og
dkjkxkj esa fcrk pqdk gksrk gSA >wBs
ekeys esa Qalkus ds fy, nks"kh O;fDr;ksa
dks Hkh ltk gksuh pkfg,A blh rjg
xyr vk[;k nsuk] fu.kZ; esa nsjh djuk]
;k tkudkjh Nqikuk ftlls le; jgrs
dk;Zokgh u gks lds] vkfn] Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj
dh Js.kh esa vkus pkfg,A
fof'k"V O;fDr ;k vfr fof'k"V
O;fDr tSlh Js.kh [kRe dj nsuh pkfg,A
;g vo/kkj.kk yksdra= ds f[kykQ gSA
;fn lafo/kku esa cjkcjh dk vf/kdkj
fn;k x;k gS rks dqN yksx egRoiw.kZ
dSls gks ldrs gSa\ usrkvksa vkSj
ukSdj'kkgksa dks vke balkuksa dh rjg
jguk lh[kuk gksxkA ;g vkifRrtud
14 | lPph eqPph

Hkz"Vkpkj flQZ iSlksa dk voS/k
ysu&nsu ugha gksrkA fu.kZ; dh
izfdz;k esa dksbZ vfu;ferrk Hkh
Hkz"Vkpkj dh ifjHkk"kk esa vkuh
pkfg,A mnkgj.k ds fy, iqfyl us
fdlh funksZ"k O;fDr ds f[kykQ
>wBk eqdnek fy[kkA og O;fDr
fxjQ~rkj gks x;kA iqfyl us
QthZ lcwr tqVk, o pktZ'khV
nkf[ky dj nhA U;k;ky; esa
yEch lquokbZ ds ckn vkjksih cjh
gks tkrk gSA fdUrq rc rd mlds
thou dh ,d vof/k og
dkjkxkj esa fcrk pqdk gksrk gSA
>wBs ekeys esa Qalkus ds fy, nks"kh
O;fDr;ksa dks Hkh ltk gksuh
pkfg,A blh rjg xyr vk[;k
nsuk] fu.kZ; esa nsjh djuk] ;k
tkudkjh Nqikuk ftlls le;
jgrs dk;Zokgh u gks lds] vkfn]
Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj dh Js.kh esa vkus
pkfg,A
ckr gS fd bu tu izfrfuf/k;ksa o tu
lsodksa ls ;fn lfpoky;] fo/kku lHkk
;k laln esa feyuk gks rks tc rd ;s
njcku dks lwfpr ugha dj nsx
a s rc rd

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

bu ifjljksa esa izos'k gsrq ^ikl^ Hkh ugha
fey ldrkA ;kuh fd ;fn fdlh vke
balku dh 'kkld oxZ esa dksbZ
tku&igpku ugha gks rks mldk buls
fey ikuk Hkh eqf'dy gSA fdlh
ukSdj'kkg ls mlds ?kj ij feyuk rks
dYiuk ls ckgj dh pht gSA gekjs tu
izfrfuf/k;ksa o tu lsodksa us vius vki
dks turk dh igqap ls ckgj j[kus dk
iq[rk bartke fd;k gqvk gSA D;k
yksdra= esa bldh btktr feyuh
pkfg,\ os ftl turk ds lalk/kuksa dk
miHkksx djrs gSa mlh ls feyus ls cpuk
pkgrs gSaA mudh T;knkrj lqfo/kk,a
okil ys yh tkuh pkfg,A ;k rks mUgsa
cM+h ru[okg feys vkSj os viuh
lqfo/kkvksa tSls ?kj] okgu] vkfn] dh
O;oLFkk [kqn djs]a vFkok ;fn os
lqfo/kkvksa dk miHkksx djuk pkgrs gSa rks
mUgsa de ru[okg Lohdkj djuh
pkfg,A os pkgrs gSa fd jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k
jkstxkj xkj.Vh ;kstuk esa dke djus
okyk ifjokj #- 33 izfr fnu ¼lkS fnu
dh etnwjh dk lky Hkj dk vkSlr½
rFkk isa'ku ikus okyk ifjokj #- 400
izfr ekg esa viuk xqtkjk djs ysfdu os
viuh ru[okg ;k lqfo/kkvksa ij dksbZ
lhek ugha r; djuk pkgrsA ,Ecqyal
s
dks NksM+ fdlh Hkh xkM+h ij yky&uhyh
cRrh ugha gksuh pkfg,A lqj{kk dehZ ;k
futh lsok ds fy, j[ks x, dfeZ;ksa dks
gVk fy;k tkuk pkfg,A ljdkjh [kpZ
ij dksbZ O;fDr fdlh nwljs ckfyx
O;fDr dh lqj{kk ;k lsok djs ;g
lkearh o xSj&yksdrkaf=d O;oLFkk gSA
fo/kk;d ,oa lkaln fuf/k [kRe
gksuh pkfg,A
15 | lPph eqPph

usrkvksa vkSj ukSdj'kkgksa dks vke
balkuksa dh rjg jguk lh[kuk
gksxkA ;g vkifRrtud ckr gS fd
bu tu izfrfuf/k;ksa o tu lsodksa
ls ;fn lfpoky;] fo/kku lHkk ;k
laln esa feyuk gks rks tc rd ;s
njcku dks lwfpr ugha dj nsaxs rc
rd bu ifjljksa esa izos'k gsrq ^ikl*
Hkh ugha fey ldrkA ;kuh fd ;fn
fdlh vke balku dh 'kkld oxZ
esa dksbZ tku&igpku ugha gks rks
mldk buls fey ikuk Hkh eqf'dy
gSA fdlh ukSdj'kkg ls mlds ?kj
ij feyuk rks dYiuk ls ckgj dh
pht gSA gekjs tu izfrfuf/k;ksa o
tu lsodksa us vius vki dks
turk dh igqap ls ckgj j[kus dk
iq[rk bartke fd;k gqvk gSA

D;k yksdra= esa bldh
btktr feyuh pkfg,\

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

jsy o gokbZ tgkt esa fofHkUu
Jsf.k;ka lekIr gksuh pkfg,A jsy esa
lk/kkj.k Js.kh ftlesa vDlj balku
tkuoj dh Hkkafr lQj djrs gSa lekIr
gksuh pkfg,A tks igys vkj{k.k djk ys
mls lhV feyuh pkfg,A flQZ fpfdRlk
gsrq ;k ijh{kk nsus tk jgs O;fDr;ksa ds
fy, dqN lhVsa lqjf{kr j[kuh pkfg,aA
blh rjg fo|ky;ksa o fpfdRlky;ksa dk
QdZ Hkh lekIr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e rks ykxw gS
fdUrq leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh o iM+kl
s ds
fo|kky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks Hkkjr dk
'kkld oxZ ekuus dks rS;kj ugha gSA
fpfdRldksa dks dEifu;ksa ds fn, x,
uke ls nok fy[kus ds ctk, nok dh
fdLe fy[kuh pkfg, vkSj nokvksa dh
nqdkusa Hkh jk'ku dh nqdkuksa dh rjg
yksxksa dh igqap] nksuksa nwjh rFkk ewY; dh
n`f"V ls] esa gksuh pkfg,aA ,d gh
xq.koRrk okyh lsok lHkh ukxfjdksa ds
fy, miyC/k gksuh pkfg,A T;knk ewY;
pqdk dj csgrj lsok,a gkfly djus dh
ckr xSj&yksdrkaf=d gSA ;g Hkz"Vkpkj
dks dkuwuh tkek igukuk gSA vkf[kj
iSlk nsdj vius fy, lqfo/kk gkfly
djus dks gh Hkz"Vkpkj dgrs gSaA
fdlh nLrkost dh izfr dks
vf/kd`r vf/kdkjh }kjk izekf.kr djkus
dh vc t:jr ugha iM+uh pkfg,A
blls dkQh le; o mtkZ dh cpr
gksxhA igys tc QksVksdkWih dh lqfo/kk
miyC/k ugha Fkh rks izekf.kr fd, tkus
dh t:jr Fkh D;ksafd gLrfyf[kr
nLrkost dks tkapus dh t:jr gksrh
FkhA fdUrq QksVksdkWih dh lqfo/kk vk
tkus ls vc izkFkhZ }kjk Lor% izekf.kr
16 | lPph eqPph

fo|ky;ksa o fpfdRlky;ksa dk
QdZ Hkh lekIr fd;k tkuk
pkfg,A f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj
vf/kfu;e rks ykxw gS fdUrq
leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh o iM+ksl ds
fo|kky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks
Hkkjr dk 'kkld oxZ ekuus dks
rS;kj ugha gSA fpfdRldksa dks
dEifu;ksa ds fn, x, uke ls
nok fy[kus ds ctk, nok dh
fdLe fy[kuh pkfg, vkSj
nokvksa dh nqdkusa Hkh jk'ku dh
nqdkuksa dh rjg yksxksa dh igqap]
nksuksa nwjh rFkk ewY; dh n`f"V ls]
esa gksuh pkfg,A ,d gh xq.koRrk
okyh lsok lHkh ukxfjdksa ds
fy, miyC/k gksuh pkfg,A T;knk
ewY; pqdk dj csgrj lsok,a
gkfly djus dh ckr
xSj&yksdrkaf=d gSA ;g Hkz"Vkpkj
dks dkuwuh tkek igukuk gSA

vkf[kj iSlk nsdj vius fy,
lqfo/kk gkfly djus dks gh
Hkz"Vkpkj dgrs gSaA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

izfrfyfi mlh rjg Lohdkj dh tkuh
pkfg, tSls izkFkfed fo|ky; esa nkf[kys
ds le; ekrk&firk }kjk izekf.kr tUe
izek.k i= Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gSA
fuekZ.k etnwj ,d txg dke
iwjk gksus ij nwljh txg dke ryk'krs
gSaA ;fn fdlh fuekZ.k etnwj us fdlh
Hkou dks cuk;k gS rks mlds ;ksxnku ds
lEeku esa mlh ifjlj esa mls LFkkbZ
vkokl dk fodYi fn;k tkuk pkfg,A
blh rjg vU; dkjhxjksa ,oa etnwjksa dks
Hkh lEeku feyuk pkfg,A ?kjsyw dke
djus okyksa dks Hkh ftu ?kjksa esa os dke
djrh gSa ogha vkokl dk fodYi gksuk
pkfg,A blh rjg d`f"k etnwj ftl
[ksr esa dke djrh gaS mlesa mudh ,d
LFkkbZ fgLlsnkjh gksuh pkfg,A lkekftd
lqj{kk dh ;kstuk,a flQZ ljdkjh
deZpkfj;ksa ;k lsok {ks= ds yksxksa ds
fy, u gksdj lHkh ds fy, gksuh
pkfg,A gjsd ukxfjd dks isa'ku dh
xkj.Vh gksuh pkfg, rkfd og cq<k+ ik
lEekutud rjhds ls fcrk ldsA
[kqnjk O;kikj ds {ks= esa fons'kh
iwt
a h fuos'k ugha gksuk pkfg,A
dksbZ Hkh ljdkjh lEesyu ;k
cSBdsa gksVyksa esa ugha gksuh pkfg,a tcfd
ljdkj ds ikl i;kZIr lqfo/kk gSA turk
ds /ku ds nq#i;ksx dks gj gky esa
jksdk tkuk pkfg,A x.kra= fnol ds
volj ij gfFk;kjkas ds izn'kZu rFkk
jkstkuk 'kke ok?kk lhek ij vkdzked
rsoj okys vk;ksatu dh ijkEijk lekIr
dh tkuh pkfg,A budh txg nksLrh o
'kkafr dks c<+kus okys dk;Zdze gksus
pkfg,A
17 | lPph eqPph

dksbZ Hkh ljdkjh lEesyu ;k cSBdsa gksVyksa esa
ugha gksuh pkfg,a tcfd ljdkj ds ikl
i;kZIr lqfo/kk gSA turk ds /ku ds
nq#i;ksx dks gj gky esa jksdk tkuk pkfg,A
fo'kky [kqyh txg okysa Hkouksa]
tSls vk/kqfud gokbZ vM~Mks]a esa jkr dks
cs?kj yksxksa dks 'kj.k nh tkuh pkfg,A
ljdkjh dk;kZy;ksa esa dbZ
Lrjh; O;oLFkk] tSls dfu"B fyfid]
ofj"B fyfid] v/kh{kd] vkfn] lekIr
dh tkuh pkfg, D;ksafd fu.kZ; dh
izfdz;k esa dkQh le; yxrk gS vkSj
fdlh dh tokcnsgh Hkh lqfuf'pr ugha
gksrhA blfy, {kerk ns[krs gq, dksbZ
dke fdlh vf/kdkjh@deZpkjh dks fn;k
tkuk pkfg, vkSj le;c) rjhds ls iwjk
djus dh tokcnsgh gksuh pkfg,A blh
rjg xjhch fuokj.k dh flQZ ;kstuk,a
ugha pykuh pkfg, cfYd muds
fdz;kUo;u
dh
ftEesnkjh
fy,
vf/kdkfj;ksa
dh
ru[okg
dke
larks"ktud rjhds ls gksu ij gh feyuh
pkfg,A ;fn ljdkjh vf/kdkjh futh
{ks= ds lerqY; ru[okgsa pkgrs gSa rks
mUgsa dke ds izfr viuh tokcnsgh Hkh
lqfuf'pr djuh iM+x
s hA xjhch] Hkq[kejh]
dqiks"k.k] fdlkuksa dh vkRegR;k] cky
,oa ekr`Ro e`R;q nj] LokLF; lsokvksa dh
[kLrk gkyr] f'k{kk dk fuEu nj] bu
lc ds fy, vkf[kj dkSu ftEesnkj gS\
¼;s lq>ko 17 tuojh] 2012] dks foRr ea=h
}kjk lkekftd {ks= ds lkFk ctV iwoZ ppkZ
gsrq MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms; }kjk rS;kj fd, x,A½

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

jk"Vªh; vksyek dkSflay] lhih,e] lks’kfyLV ikVhZ rFkk
tu la?k”kZ ekspkZ ds ?kVd ny mRrj izns’k ds vkxkeh
fo/kku lHkk pquko esa feydj pquko yM+saxs
jk’Vªh; vksyek dkSflay] lhih,e]
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ rFkk tu la?k’kZ ekspkZ ds
?kVd ny mRrj izns”k ds vkxkeh
fo/kku lHkk pquko esa feydj pquko
yM+sx
a s vkSj ,d nwljs ds izR;kf”k;ksa ds
i{k esa izpkj vfHk;ku pyk;sxaAs
izn”s k dh turk dkaxzsl&Hkktik]
lik&clik dh reke ;k=kvksa] jSyh vkSj
vke lHkkvksa o mudh Hkkjh&Hkjde
?kks’k.kkvksa esa fnypLih ugha ys jgh gSA
lkFk gh cgqjaxh NksVs nyksa vkSj muds
jkst curs fcxM+rs ekspksZ dks u dsoy
voljoknh cfYd vijkf/k;ks&
a ekfQ;kvksa
dh u;h “kj.kLFkyh ds :Ik esa ns[k jgh
gSA bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa dkjiksjsV] Hkz’V
vkSj ekfQ;k jktuhfr ds f[kykQ
cyorh gks jgh turk dh ubZ jktuhfr
dh vkdka{kk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, ;g
r; fd;k x;k fd tujktuhfr dh lHkh
rkdrkssa dks pqukoh la?k’kZ esa Hkh lkFk
ysdj pyk tk, vkSj izns”k esa u;k
jktuhfrd okrkoj.k rS;kj fd;k tk,A
gekjk ;g n`<+er gS fd pquko Hkh
lkekftd ifjorZu dh yM+kbZ dk ,d

vkStkj gS vkSj turk ds jktuhfrd
la?k’kZ dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy;s gh gesa
pquko
yM+uk
gSA
blfy,
dkaxzsl&Hkktik]
lik&clik
dh
tu&fojks/kh
,oa
yksdra=&fojks/kh
dkjiksjsV jktuhfr dks f”kdLr nsuk vkSj
jktuhfr dks eksyrksy rFkkk /ka/kk ds :i
esa ysus okyh rkdrksa ds rFkkdfFkr ekspksZ
ds ?kksj voljokn dk Hk.MkQksM+ djuk
vkSj tuoknh jktuhfr dks fodYi ds
:i esa [kM+k djuk gekjk QkSjh dk;ZHkkj
gSA blh edln dks vkxs c<+kus ds fy,
ge pquko esa ,d lkFk mrj jgs gSA bl
pquko esa etnwj] fdlku] deZpkjh]
O;kikjh vkSj Nk= ;qokvksa ds eqn~nksa ds
lkFk nfyr] vfr fiNM+k]sa eqlyekuksa o
vU; mRihfM+r rcdksa ds vf/kdkjksa ds
loky dks etcwrh ls mBk;k tk;sxkA
& vkfej j’kknh enkuh] jk”Vªh; vksyek
dkSflay% ,l-ih- d’;i]Hkkjr dh dE;qfuLV
ikVhZ ¼ekDlZoknh½% fxjh’k ik.Ms;] lks’kfyLV
ikVhZ ¼bafM;k½% dkS’ky fd’kksj] dE;qfuLV ikVhZ%
eksgEen ‘kks,c] tula?k”kZ ekspkZ

dkjiksjsV] Hkz”V vkSj ekfQ;k jktuhfr ds f[kykQ cyorh gks
jgh turk dh ubZ jktuhfr dh vkdka{kk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,
;g r; fd;k x;k fd tujktuhfr dh lHkh rkdrkssa dks pqukoh
la?k”kZ esa Hkh lkFk ysdj pyk tk,

lks'kfyLV ikVhZ D;ksa \
Hkkjr ds gj /kkfeZd leqnk; ds
esgurd'k L=h] iqq:’kksa dks vPNh
ftUnxh thuk lektokn ykus ls gh
lEHko gksxkA nqfu;k Hkj esa cnyko dh
gok tksj ls py jgh gSA
• nf{k.k vesfjdk ds dbZ ns”kksa ds yksxksa
us vejhdh iwt
a hifr;ksa ds opZLo dks
m[kkM+ Qsd
a fn;k gSA
• lektokn ds izfr izfrc) gS ,sls usrk
,oa ikfVZ;ksa dks lRrk esa cSBk;k
gS&ernku ds tfj;sA
• czkthy esa ftUgksaus tehu dk”r dh
Fkh] mUgsa ml tehu dk dkuwuh iV~Vk
fey x;k gSA
• D;wck dh ljdkj ,oa turk us
vesfjdk ds dbZ geysa ukdke dj fn;s]
ogk¡ ds MkWDVj ,oa ulksZ us izkd`frd
foink ls xzLr gq;s vesjhdh ukxfjdksa
dks LoLF; lsok cgky dhA
• g~osuktq,yk tSls ns”kksa us Hkwfexr rsy
ij dk fons’kh iwt
a hifr;ksa dk vf/kdkj
gVk fn;k rFkk mu ij turk dk
vf/kdkj dk;e fd;kA
• dbZ ns”kksa esa izkd`frd lk/kuksa dk
bLrseky vke turk dk thou Lrj
Å¡pk mBkus ds fy;s fd;k tk jgk gSA
• vQzhdk ,oa if”pe ,f”k;k ds dbZ
vjc ;k eqfLye ns”kksa us rkuk”kkg lRrk
ns”kksa ds f[kykQ tksjnkj izn”kZu fd;s
ftlds pyrs dbZ lRrkf/k”kksa ds lRrk
ls gkFk /kksuk iM+kA
• bftIV] V~;wusf”k;k vkfn ns”kksa us
turkf=d <ax ls u;s lRrk/kh”k pqus
19 | lPph eqPph

x;sA ogk¡ ds jktuSfrd ,oa lkekftd
vkUnksyu ij mnkjoknh bLyke dk
izHkko c<+ jgk gSA cgqrka”k ns”kksa esa
ifjorZu dk ijpe mBkusas esa efgyk;sa
vkxs gSA
• iwt
a hokn ds iwjkus x<+ vesfjdk
¼;w0,l0,0½ rFkk if’pe ;wjksi ds
bXyS.M Qzkal vkfn ns”kksa esa ^^ckYLVªhV
ij dCtk djka*s * tSls tu vkUnksyu
rsth ls c<+ jgs gS%& ^^1 izfr”kr ds
fy;s] ,d izfr”kr }kjk] ,d izfr”kr dh
gqdew r** blds f[kykQ yksx cxkor dj
mBs gSA
• ^^turk ds fy;s] turk }kjk] turk
ds jkT;** pykus ds fy;s dbZ tu
vkUnksyu py jgs gSA foRrh; laLFkk;sa]
cSad vkfn ij ogk¡ ds dsUnzh; cSadksa esa
tcjnLr fu;a=.k cSBk;s gSA ;s lc
laLFkk;sa turk dh izfrfuf/kRo laLFkkvksa
dks tokc nsg cukbZ tk jgh gSA D;k
Hkkjr ihNs jgsxk \ ughaA
gekjs
lEizHkqrklEiUu]
/keZfuisZ{k]
turkaf=d] x.kra= dh cqfu;kn
Hkxrflag] panz”ks[kj vktkn] jke izlkn
fcfLey] jks”ku flag tSls ”kghnksa us
Mkyh gSA
19 oha lnh ds dzkfUrn”khZ lekt
lq/kkjd ,oa 20oha lnh ds jktuhfrd
usrkvksa us iztkrkaf=d lafo/kku dk <kapk
cuk;k ftls MkW0 ckck lkgc vEcsMdj
us ”kCnc) fd;kA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

• lRrk/kh”kksa dks ernku }kjk cnyus
dk dkS”ky Hkkjr dh turk us izkIr dj
fy;k gSA
• f”k{kk dk cM+s iSekusa ij QSyko gqvk gS
ysfdu O;olk;hdj.k dks lekIr dj
leku f”k{kk dh vko”;drk gSA lfn;ksa
ls ”kksf’kr rFkk ihfM+r j[ksa gq;s rcdksa ds
L=h] iq:’k i<+kbZ ds }kjk vkReHkku izkIr
dj pqds gSA os vius vf/kdkj ekax jgs
gSA ifjorZu dh ”kfDr;k rsth ls mHkj
jgh gSA
• nqHkkZX; ls ckgqcyh yksx ,oa /kUuk lsB
pquko izfdz;k ij izHkko Mkydj
jktuhfrd lRrk gfFk;k jgs gS D;k
dkaxzsl] D;k Hkktik& os lc [kqys cktkj
ij vk/kkfjr Hkwe.Myh;dj.k dk xq.kxku
dj jgs gSA Hkkjr dh vFkZO;oLFkk ds
njokts mUgksaus /kuh ns”kksa ds dEifu;ksa
ds fy;sa [kksy fn;s gSA fiNys 20&22
lky esa ns”k esa csjkstxkjh c<+h] xjhc
rFkk vehj ds chp oSls gh vkS|ksfxd
”kgj cuke xzkeh.k ;k >ksiM+iV~Vh
bykdks ds njE;ku [kkbZ c<+ x;h gSA
fo’kerk cgqr c<+ x;h gSA thouko”;d
phtksa ds nke brus c<+ x;s fd vke
turk dh ftUnxh gjke gks x;h gSA
• ^^fodkl ds fy;s vkS|ksxhdj.k gksuk
t:jh gS** ,slk dgrs dgrs dE;qfu’V
ikfVZ;k Hkh ns”kh rFkk fons”kh iwt
a hifr;ksa
ds vkxr Lokxr esa twV x;h gSA bu
lHkh izfrf"Br ikfVZ;ksa ds lksp esa cM+h
[kksV gSA ftu ns”kksa eas dsoy nks ;k 10
izfr”kr yksx [ksrh ij fuHkZj gS] ,sls
ns”kksa ds fodkl dk uewuk os Hkkjr ds
fy;s Hkh vuqdj.kh; ekurs gSA mu ns”kksa
vQzhdk] ,f”k;k ,oa ySfVu vesfjdk ds
yksxksa ij lkezkT;oknh gqdwer pykdj
20 | lPph eqPph

nqHkkZX; ls ckgqcyh yksx ,oa
/kUuk lsB pquko izfdz;k ij
izHkko Mkydj jktuhfrd lRrk
gfFk;k jgs gaS D;k dkaxzsl] D;k
Hkktik& os lc [kqys cktkj ij
vk/kkfjr Hkwe.Myh;dj.k dk
xq.kxku dj jgs gSA
ogk¡ dh turk dk 200 lky rd
tcjnLr ”kks’k.k fd;kA mlh ls muds
fodkl ds fy;s iwt
a h dk lap; gqvkA
og rjhdk vU;k;iw.kZ Fkk RkFkk vkt vc
fodkl”khy ns”kksa dks og miyC/k ugha
gSA bUgsa viuk fodkl vius cycwrs ij
gh djuk gksxkA m/kkj [kkrs ij oYMZ
cSad o vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqnzkdks’k ds cycwrs
ij ugha& og vesfjdh xqykeh gSA
lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ekurh gS fd [ksrh]
i'kqikyu] eaNhekjh] ou fodkl rFkk
U;k;ksfpr [kuu bUgha {ks=ksa dks c<+kok
fn;k tk;s rkfd lekt dh vUulqj{kk]
cjdjkj jgsA NksVs e”khu }kjk xzkeh.k
bykds esa m|ksx pyk;s tk;s] ftudk
lapyu lgdkjh laLFkk djsAa blh jkLrs
ls tkus ij gj ckfyx L=h] iq:"k dks
vFkZiw.kZ jkstxkj feysxkA fdlh dk
”kks"k.k ugha gksxkA
foRrh; iat
w hokn lcls [krjukd gSA
b.Mksusf”k;k] FkkbZyS.M] fQyhihUl vkfn
ns”kksa dh vFkZO;oLFkk;sa mUgha ds pyrs
/oLr gks x;h FkhA Hkkjr tSls ns”k esa Hkh

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

Qjojh 2012

”ks;j cktkj ds mrkj p<+ko yksxksa dks
fcuk dkj.k Hk;Hkhr djrs gSA cSadksa esa
xjhc rFkk e/;oxZ ds yksxksa dk iSlk
tek jgrk gSA mls lqjf{kr j[kus ds
fy;s mu ij fjtoZ cSad ”k[r fu;a=.k
j[ks] ,slk lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dk dguk gS
vkSj ”ks;j cktkj dh lV~Vkckth
¼tqvkM+[kkuk½ cUn dj fn;k tk;s rHkh
ega¡xkbZ ij dkcw gks ldsxkA
[ksrh mit dks fdQk;rh nke feys rFkk
mlls Ms<+ xquk nke esa lk/kkj.k xzkgd
dks xsagw] pkoy] nky vkfn feysA bl
rjg iwjh O;oLFkk lgdkjh laLFkk dh
lgk;rk ls ljdkj dks pykuh pkfg;sAa
,slk lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dk dguk gS vkSj
ewY; larqyu LFkkfir gks ik;sxkA
xr~ dqN lkyksa esa fdlkuksa dh vPNh
tehusa ljdkj us de nke nsdj
tcjnLrh vf/kxzg.k ¼lEikfnr½ djds
iat
w hifr;ksa dks lkSih gSA mlds fy;s
ftldk bLrseky fd;k] og dkuwu
vaxzstksa us cuk;k FkkA lu~ 1894 dk Hkwfe
vf/kxzg.k dkuwu jn gks tkuk pkfg;sAa
u;s dkuwu dk tks fo/ks;d Hkkjr ljdkj
us is”k fd;k gS] mlds mn~ns”; esa lkQ
fy[kk gS fd dkj[kkunkjh ,oa
“kgjhdj.k dks enn djus ds fy;s u;k
Hkwfe vf/kxzg.k dkuwu cuk;k tk;sxkA
D;k tehu ij bu iat
w hifr;ksa dk gh
vf/kdkj gS \ bl ns”k esa ,sls ?kqeUrq
dchys ;k dqUcs gS] ftudk u dksbZ xkao
gS vkSj u dksbZ ?kjA os gj txg
fuokZflr gh ekus tkrs gSA u mudks
jk”ku dkMZ feyrk gS u ernkrk dkMZA
D;k ?kj ck¡Vus ds fy;s tehu dk NksVk
lk VqdM+k mUgsa feys] ;g mudk
21 | lPph eqPph

xr~ dqN lkyksa esa fdlkuksa dh vPNh
tehusa ljdkj us de nke nsdj
tcjnLrh vf/kxzg.k ¼lEikfnr½
djds iawthifr;ksa dks lkSaih gSA
mlds fy;s ftldk bLrseky fd;k]
og dkuwu vaxzstksa us cuk;k FkkA
lu~ 1894 dk Hkwfe vf/kxzg.k
dkuwu jn gks tkuk pkfg;sA u;s
dkuwu dk tks fo/ks;d Hkkjr
ljdkj us is’k fd;k gS] mlds
mn~ns’; esa lkQ fy[kk gS fd
dkj[kkunkjh ,oa ‘kgjhdj.k dks
enn djus ds fy;s u;k Hkwfe
vf/kxzg.k dkuwu cuk;k tk;sxkA
D;k tehu ij bu iawthifr;ksa dk
gh vf/kdkj gS \
vf/kdkj ugha gS \ mUgsa rFkk ouokfl;ksa
dks ogha clk;k tk;s vkSj mUgsa [ksrh ds
fy;s izFker% tehusa o dqBhj m|ksx
LFkkfir djus ds ckn gh “ks’k Hkwfe ij
ikoj ywe rc cM+s m|ksx LFkkfir fd;s
tk;sA
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ us lq>ko j[kk gS fd
tehu ds bLrseky lEcU/kh jk’Vªh; uhfr
fu/kkZfjr dh tk;s ftlesa igyk vf/kdkj
cs?kj yksxksa dks ?kj clkus dk gksxkA
[ksrh] eaNhekjh dks nwljk LFkku gksA

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Qjojh 2012

dkj[kkuksa dks rhljk LFkku gksA lM+d]
ugj] jsy vkfn lkoZtfud ;kstukvksa ds
fy;s tehu dk vf/kxzg.k xzke lHkk ls
djok;k tk;s ,slh lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dh
iDdh jk; gSA
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ ^^fiNM+as ikos 100 esa 60**
bl MkW- yksfg;k ds ukjs ij vHkh Hkh
fo”okl djrh gSA f”k{kk] [ksrh] m|ksx]
ukSdjh ,oa lRrk&lHkh esa mudks
U;k;ksfpr fgLlk feyuk pkfg;sAa
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dk vkxzg gS fd ns”k ds
lHkh ckyd&ckfydk dks eq¶r vfuok;Z]
leku ,oa xq.kkRed f”k{kk feys ,slh
O;oLFkk pykuk ljdkj dk QtZ gS vkSj
f”k{kk ds cktkjhdj.k dks l[r dkuwu
cukdj lekIr dj fn;k tk;sA
vke vkneh dks LokLF; lsok] lqyHkrk
ls miyC/k djk nsus dh ftEesnkjh Hkh
ljdkj dks mBkuh pkfg;s ,slk
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dk dguk gSSA
ckgqcy ,oa /kucy dk pquko ij izHkko
u gks] bl gsrq pquko iz.kkyh esa lq/kkj

vkxkeh dk;Zdze
yksd'kfä vfHk;ku dh cSBdsa
ctV l= ls igys fuEufyf[kr
LFkkuksa ij gks jgh gSa% ˆ&ƒ‡ Qjojh
„僄% egkjk"Vª] xksvk] e/; çns'kA
lEidZ% lquhfr ‹†„…‡‰ƒ‰Š†]
e/kqjs'k ‹ŠƒŠ‹å‡…ƒˆ
1-

22 | lPph eqPph

djuk lks”kfyLV ikVhZ vko”;d ekurh
gSA
vkt jktuhfr esa ekSdk ijLrh] LokFkZ]
HkkbZ&Hkrhtkokn cgqr c<+ x;k gSA
lk/kkj.k vkneh dks vPNh ftUnxh thus
dk volj feys] blfy;s iwjs <kaps esa
ifjorZu ykus dk iz.k fd;s gq;s
vkn”kZoknh] tw>k: ,oa dk;Z dq”ky
dk;ZdrkZvksa dh lsuk [kM+h djuk ;g
lks”kfyLV ikVhZ dk mn~ns”; gSA blfy;s
nfyr] vkfnoklh] efgyk] ;qok [ksr
etnwj] fdlku] vlaxfBr Jfed vkfn
lc yksx lks”kfyLV ikVhZ ds >.Msa rys
viuk laxBu etcwr cuk;s] ,slk ikVhZ
dk vkg~oku gSA lks”kfyLV ikVhZ ds
mEehnokjksa dks Hkkjh cgqer ls ftrk;s
,slk Hkh gekjk vkg~oku gSA
HkkbZ cS| ¼v/;{k½] ds’ko jko tk/ko rFkk lanhi
ik.Ms; ¼mik/;{k½] izse flag] uq:y vehu rFkk
vkasdkj flag ¼izeq[k lfpo½] t;Urh ikapky
¼dks”kk/;{k½] iUukyky lqjk.kk v/;{k] ,oa t;k
fofn;kyk lfpo ¼dsUnzh; lalnh; cksMZ½] fxjh’k
ik.Ms; v/;{k] lks’kfyLV ikVhZ jkT; ‘kk[kk
mRrj izns’k
2- Hkkjr vkSj ;wjksfi;u ;wfu;u ds chp
^Qzh VªM
s vxzhesaV* ;k [kqyk O;kikj
le>kSrk ds fojks/k esa izn”kZu vkSj ekpZ
ubZ fnYyh% 10 Qjojh 2012

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, lEidZ djsa%
ywu xkaXVs 98710&29514

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Qjojh 2012

yksd jktuhfr eap oSdfYid jktuhfr [kM+h djus gsrq izfrc)
fuEu eqn~nksa ij yksd jktuhfr eap dh Hkwfedk gekjh lksp dks
js[kkafdr djrh gS%
• jktuhfrd lRrk dk fodsUnzhdj.k rkfd fodkl fu;kstu lac/a kh fu.kZ; xzke lHkk
;k LFkkuh; fudk; ds Lrj ij fy, tk ldsAa
• futhdj.k] mnkjhdj.k o oS'ohdj.k okyh vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa ds orZeku Lo:i dk
fojks/k rFkk izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ij dEifu;ksa ds dCts dk fojks/k
• gjsd /keZ ds fy, ln~Hkko o lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko dks etcwr djuk
• [kk| lqj{kk gsrq lHkh /kkfeZd LFkyksa ij xq:}kjksa ds leku yaxj dh O;oLFkk
• ekuo fufeZr foHkktu dh Jsf.k;ksa ds vk/kkj ij euq";&euq"; esa Hksn djus dk
fojks/k
• oSf'od o {ks=h; fu'kL=hdj.k [kkldj O;kid tulagkj dh {kerk okys gfFk;kjksa
dh] j{kk ctV esa dVkSrh] 'kkafr o eS=h dks c<+ok] lhek ikj yksxksa dks vkus&tkus dh
NwV
• tkfr izFkk dk mUewyu fdUrq tkfr;ksa esa cjkcjh LFkkfir gksus rd vkj{k.k dh
uhfr dk leFkZu
• gjsd tu izfrfuf/k ;k egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; ysus okys inksa ij ,d efgyk o ,d iq:"k
dh O;oLFkk] fdUujksa dks i;kZIr izfrfuf/kRo
• lSU; cy fo'ks"kkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] xSj dkuwuh xfrfof/k;ka fuokj.k vf/kfu;e]
NRrhlx<+ fo'ks"k tu lqj{kk vf/kfu;e] tSls dkys dkuwuksa dh lekfIr
• vkradokn o uDlyokn ds uke ij funksZ"k yksxksa dk mRihM+u can
• m|ksx o lsok {ks= dh rqyuk esa d`f"k dks egRo fn;k tkuk] fdlkuks&
a etnwjksa dks
lEEkkutud vk;
• oxZ fo"kerk dks jktuhfrd fu.kZ; ls [kRe djuk
• flQZ vehjksa ij dj] blds fy, ,d vehjh js[kk r; djuk
• lkoZtfud thou o iz'kklu ds dke esa ikjnf'kZrk o tokcnsgh
• f'k{kk ds vf/kdkj esa leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh o iM+ksl ds fo|ky; dh vo/kkj.kk dks
'kkfey fd;k tkuk
• lHkh dks eqQ~r fpfdRlk dh O;oLFkk
• [kk|kUu] oL=] vkokl] LokLF; o f'k{kk ds {ks= esa futhdj.k ij jksd
• ukfHkdh; mtkZ dk;Zdze ij jksd] i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls lkQ&lqFkjs v{k; mtkZ
lzkrs ksa dks c<+kok
• Lora= fQyhLrhu jkT; ds eqn~ns dk leFkZu
23 | lPph eqPph

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Qjojh 2012

yksd jktuhfr eap dh pquko gsrq
vkpkj lafgrk
ƒ- mEehnokj dh lkekftd dkeksa dh i`"BHkwfe gksuk vfuok;Z gksuh pkfg,pquko thrus ;k gkjus ds ckn Hkh mls igys dh rjg vke turk ds eqíksa
ij dke djrs jguk pkfg,- ;kfu pquko vius dke ds vk/kkj ij gh yM+k
tk;sxk„- mEehnokj de&ls&de iSls esa pquko yM+sxk] og dksbZ fn[kkok ugha
djsxk vkSj viuh {kerk ls T;knk [kpZ ugha djsxk- [kpZ turk ls pank ys
dj iwjk fd;k tk;sxk- fglkc&fdrkc esa iwjh ikjnf'kZrk cjrh tk,xh…- ;fn mEehnokj thr tkrk gS rks mldh thou'kSyh esa igys dh vis{kk
dksbZ [kkl ifjorZu ugha vkuk pkfg,- igys dh gh rjg og turk ds
fy;s lqyHk miyC/k gksuk pkfg,†- çpkj T;knk&ls&T;knk tu&laidZ }kjk fd;k tk;sxk u fd vkSj
[kphZys rjhds viuk dj‡- laxBu ds dk;ZdrkZvksa ds ikl tks okgu gSa mUgha dk bLrseky çpkj esa
fd;k tk;sxkˆ- dksbZ çyksHku ns dj fdlh dk er ugha çkIr fd;k tk;sxk u gh fdlh
dks fdlh fdLe dh /kedh nh tk,xh‰- mEesnokj viuh lqj{kk ds fy;s dksbZ gfFk;kj ugha j[ksxk vkSj u gh
thrus ds ckn gfFk;kjksa ls lqj{kk dh O;oLFkk djsxkŠ- og vius çpkj ds fy;s dksbZ is'ksoj yksxksa ;k rjhdksa dk bLrseky ugha
djsxk- mngkj.k ds fy;s iSlk ns dj v[kckjksa esa [kcj Niokuk‹- pquko esa tks yksx mldk çpkj djsx
a s mUgsa lg;ksx dh Hkkouk ls ,slk
djuk pkfg, u fd iSlk ys djƒå- pquko turk ds eqíksa ij yM+k tk;sxk u fd tkfr] /keZ] ;k vU; bl
fdLe ds fdlh vk/kkj ij-

24 | lPph eqPph

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Qjojh 2012