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Urban Fringe !!

Urban Fringe !!

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Published by Aditi Sahu

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Published by: Aditi Sahu on Feb 01, 2012
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02/11/2014

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UNDERSTANDING THE RELATION BETWEEN URBAN CENTRES AND THEIR FRINGE AREAS INTRODUCTION

Our country has experience tremendous growth in last few decades. This growth does not only stand for an increase in the urban population, but also in an expansion of the urban area with construction of urban fabrics including residential, industrial and infrastructure development. Expansion implies for a transformation of agricultural land to other uses and thus is a conflict zone with neither rural nor urban features. Thus urban fringe, a transitional, integrated, semi-urban zone consisting of diverse land uses comes forth. There are number of physical, social, economical and environmental factors that act as the driving forces in influencing the fringe areas. The ultimate drivers are population growth and household formation. Economic growth increases income and wealth, and preferences for housing and lifestyles, enabled by new transportation and communications technologies, spur new housing development and new land-use patterns. Metropolitan areas grow organically, following well-known stages of growth. Our existing urban areas continue to grow into the countryside, and more isolated large-lot housing development is occurring, generally beyond the urban fringe. Thus, the area is highly vulnerable to various risks and has raised new challenges for urbanization theory and development policies

NEED TO STUDY URBAN FRINGES
The fringe areas of urban centers express certain typical characteristics but still possess some peculiar qualities of their own. They differ in their population, spatial extent, have peculiar pattern of development, definite axis of urban growth and finally varying impact on surrounding rural and urban fringe areas. These peculiar characteristics appears owing to different factors that contribute to the process of development. Thus it can be concluded that there is a relation between these factors and the pattern of spatial development of fringes. Therefore to understand and establish the relation, a critical analysis of various urban centers and their characteristics needs to be done.

the nature and characteristics of urban centers and their fringe areas. To identify certain parameters and analyze different urban centers with respect to them.economic factors  Demographic profile  Occupational pattern .AIM Understanding the relation between urban centers of different hierarchical levels and their fringe areas. y Primary and secondary data collection. OBJECTIVES ‡ To understand the administrative set up.  Administrative factors  Administrative importance  Planning and municipal areas and boundaries  Wards areas and boundaries  Physical and functional factors  City profile  Built up areas  Land use pattern  Population densities  Infrastructure  Connectivity and linkages  Pattern of growth  Socio. Identification of the study areas. y Understanding the characteristics of urban centers. To identify the driving forces that influences their development. ‡ ‡ ‡ METHODOLOGY y y Identification of the research problem and setting aims and objectives.  Identifying the urban centers of three different hierarchical levels y Understanding of the basic concepts related to the topic. To understand and derive the relationship of these factors to spatial extent and pattern of development of fringe areas.

 Type of city form (pattern of growth)  Changes in BUA  Density gradient (change in growth %)  Dispersion index  Fractal analysis  Centrality index Comparing different urban centers on the basis of these analyses.y y y y  Economic base of the city  Real estate Identifying the driving forces influencing the fringe development. Analysis of urban sprawl on the basis of the identified parameters. y OUTCOME Establishment of the relationship between the size of urban centers and spatial spread and pattern of development of urban fringe area . Analysis would be based on both primary and secondary data. LIMITATIONS y A number of factors influencing the urban fringe development would be identified. Detail analysis on the basis of spatial temporal changes. but the detail analysis would be limited to a few of them due to data and time constraints. Deriving the relationship SCOPE y y y The study has a wide scope of research considering the aspects and the range of factors contributing to the phenomenon. There is a scope of a few discrepancies and errors in data as certain assumptions will have to be made. To study characteristics of different urban centers and their fringes and identifying the driving forces.

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