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(4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A

Project: MESNET IZALATORU MEKANIK HESAPLAR

**Gilgel Gibe – II PROJECT ETHIOPIA
**

Description:

400 kV SWITCHYARD DESIGN REPORT’s & CALCULATION’s

Subject:

Report on Calculations for Determination of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulators

Note:

This report establishes the sizing of bus post insulators for 400kV switchyard on the basis of cantilever strength.

......................... Introduction .................................................................................. 4 Bus Post Insulator data .. 4................................................................................... The reproduction...................... are reserved............................................... 5....................... 4 Conductor Data ............................................................ 5 Attachments .................................................BPI Selection Design Report : Cantilever Strength Calculation Handling: Unrestricted Page: 3 of 7 Contents page 1........ 2....... including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design...................................................... 7 Siemens Power Engineering Pvt.... (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A .... 3...................................................................................................................... 6....................................................... 6 Conclusion ................ 4 System Data.................. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority......................... Ltd........................................................ All rights.................... Offenders will be liable for damages... 6 References...... 7......................................

Weight of the bus conductor span supported by the bus post insulator. tensile and torsional forces. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A .BPI Selection Design Report : Cantilever Strength Calculation Handling: Unrestricted Page: 4 of 7 1 Introduction The rigid bus in out-door substation is primarily supported on Bus Post Insulators. the strength of the insulator must be considered. b.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. are reserved. compressive. d. All rights. Since the forces on the bus-conductors are transmitted to the bus post insulators. c. With various bus configurations. However. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. Short circuit current force on the bus conductor. Offenders will be liable for damages. only the cantilever force. insulators may be required to withstand cantilever.5 kA 1 sec 700 N/m2 >1500 m 3 Conductor Data Rigid Conductor i) 250/6mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0. 250 mm 6 mm The reproduction. have been regarded significant and considered for design. 2 System data 400kV AC Switchyard Nominal System Voltage System Frequency Short Circuit Fault Current Duration of Fault Current Maximum Wind Pressure Altitude above sea level 400 kV 50 Hz 31. Wind force on the bus conductor. which is a function of the effective conductor span length supported by the bus post insulator. Ltd. These bus post insulators are hence subjected to sustain all types of stresses on bus conductor owing to electrically and mechanically originated forces. The principal forces on the bus post insulator are as follows – a. Wind force on the insulator stack.

6 Kg/m 1829. are reserved.8 Kg/kM 120 mm 8 mm 7.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness Weight Weight of Damping Material (Single 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) Common for all tubes specified above Young’s Modulus 12. All rights.8 Kg/m 1829. Ltd.8 Kg/kM 120 mm 6 mm 5. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. 3350 mm 310 mm 140 mm 349 Kg 800 daN 3350 mm 290 mm 130 mm The reproduction. Offenders will be liable for damages. (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A .BPI Selection Design Report : Cantilever Strength Calculation Handling: Unrestricted Page: 5 of 7 Weight Weight of Damping Material (Twin 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) ii) 120/8mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0.5F25) Outer Diameter Wall thickness Weight Weight of Damping Material (Single 954 MCM Cardinal ACSR) iii) 120/6mm Aluminum Tube (AlMgSi0.8 Kg/kM 70000 N/mm2 4 Bus Post Insulator data i) C8-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) i) C6-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width Siemens Power Engineering Pvt.4 Kg/m 1829.

transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be liable for damages. 120/6 mm AlMgSi0. 2. are reserved. 5 Attachments Attachment-1: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Main Bus Attachment-2: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Equipment Bus at Coupling Bay Attachment-3: Calculation of Cantilever Strength of Bus Post Insulator supporting the Equipment Bus at Transformer & OHL Feeders. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C12. 120/8 mm AlMgSi0.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Equipment Bus Conductor at the Transformer & Line feeders. The reproduction. The required Cantilever Strength of the C6-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span(12 m) of the Equipment Bus at Coupling Bay is 281.67 daN. Ltd.23 daN.5-1550 type may be used for supporting the Main Bus conductor.BPI Selection Design Report : Cantilever Strength Calculation Handling: Unrestricted Page: 6 of 7 Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) i) C12.5-1550 Height of Insulator Stack Maximum Width Minimum Width Weight of Insulator Cantilever Strength (designated by manufacturer) Busbar Selection 291 Kg 600 daN 3350 mm 360 mm 160 mm 400 Kg 1250 daN The following types of tubular busbar has been considered in the design : 250/6 mm AlMgSi0. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design.5-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span(24 m) of the Main Bus is 995. 6 Conclusion 1. (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A . whereas the cantilever strength published by the manufacturer is 1250 daN.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Main Bus Conductor. The required Cantilever Strength of the C12.5F25 Tubular Bus bar to serve as Equipment Bus Conductor at the Bus Coupling feeder. whereas the cantilever strength published by Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. All rights.

7 References 1. 3. 3. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C6-1550 type may be used for supporting the Equipment Bus conductor at Transformer & OHL Feeders. 2. Technical Data sheet for Aluminum Alloy Tubular Conductor: Manufacturer – Corus. Ltd. Offenders will be liable for damages. Thus the design is safe and Bus Post Insulators of C6-1550 type may be used for supporting the Equipment Bus conductor at the Coupling Bay. whereas the cantilever strength published by the manufacturer is 600 daN. Technical Data sheet for Bus Post Insulator: Manufacturer – Porzellanfabrik Frauenthal Insulators. Siemens Power Engineering Pvt. All rights. The reproduction. including rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility model or design. (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A . IEEE Std 605 : 1987 IEEE Guide for Design of Substation Rigid-Bus Structures.BPI Selection Design Report : Cantilever Strength Calculation Handling: Unrestricted Page: 7 of 7 the manufacturer is 600 daN. transmission or use of this document or its contents is not permitted without express written authority.28 daN. are reserved. The required Cantilever Strength of the C6-1550 for supporting the maximum bus span (12 m) of the Equipment Bus at Transformer & OHL Feeders is 249.

613 1/2 (Pmax/d) 33.3 33.S MESNET IZALATORU MEKANIK HESAPLAR (4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A ATTACHMENT-1 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE MAIN BUS SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. Width 0. above ground = 15.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft.4 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.5 TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0. 10. 10.Di4) 250 238 34231262. Weight 400 Max.5-1550): a.59 lbf/ft -4 2 lbf/ft (Cl.79 75. J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force: ( /64 ). Height 3.35 b. ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA. DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore.215 e. Line height above Insulator 0.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl.5F25 b) Outer dia.72 h) Max.59 inch inch (For Round conductor) m/s mi/h Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27. FW = Drag coefficient (Ref. Width 0.84 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1. CD KZ GF V Hence.): 400 31. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl. 10.1011 16. Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where.16 d Bus Cen. Max.(Do4 .24027953 J/(DO/2) 273850.79 N/m2 Kg/m m/s m/s 3 (as per technical specification) Now. Min. 250 mm c) Thickness : 6 mm d) Weight 12. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V) (Twin 954 CARDINAL ACSR Conductor) m m m m Kg = = = = 700 0.66 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C12.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11.36 c.132 x 10 CDKZGFV (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness.71125822 mm mm mm4 in4 mm mm in3 3 3 Sectional Modulus of the tube S Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2. Span 24 m i) Weight of Damper Material 3.6 ISC /10 (D) 2 7 lbf/ft Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 1 OF 3 .64 82. of IEEE:605) 9.

FWI Hi Di D1 D2 Calculation for Insulator wind force: = 1. Insulator Width = = = = 131.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A ATTACHMENT-1 ISC D = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref.46 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft = Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG = Calculation for Insulator Strength a. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 10.74 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 24 m = 78.2992 inch Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 2 OF 3 .FW lbf P P P 24m BPI L1 Fig 1 BPI 24m BPI L2 = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 1227.74 ft 10.74 ft = 790.38 lbf = = 78.1732 inch 6.89 Inch 10.22 0.79 lbf/ft 8. FWB Where.04 lbf/ft = = = 31500 236. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.2362 inch 14. FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 10. FWI Where.04 lbf/ft Now. FSC Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence.33 2.776 x 10 CDKZGFV (Di+2r1)Hi -5 2 lbf = Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max.74 ft 15.866 A inch Hence. Insulator Width = Min.FSC lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 78.59 lbf/ft Therefore FWB c. FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE. for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Main Bus (as shown in the figure alongside) 1/2(L1+L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 78.74016 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 24 m = 78.55 lbf Therefore FSB b.

LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 849.3 of IEEE:605) 33.10 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl.11 lbf Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf = Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen.FG FGB lbf = where.83 lbf = = 78.11 lbf 790.37 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 881. Ki g FGI FGB Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2 ) [Ki g / (0.59 mi/h Therefore FWI = 178.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L062-A ATTACHMENT-1 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft.55 lbf 1227.3 (as per Cl. 10.83 lbf 2 Therefore fi As fi FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) => Reqiured cantilever Strength of the Supporting Insulator = 995.2 of IEEE:605) 1.67 daN Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 3 OF 3 .2 of IEEE: 605) 1015.74 ft 10.79 m/s 75.38 lbf 131.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0. No.46 inch 1 1 = 2236.85 lbf 849. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 178.79 lbf/ft fi where.89 inch 8. 13.49 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE. above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (as per Cl. 10.

): 400 31.5 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11. Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where.13 0. c) Thickness : 8 mm d) Weight 7. J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force: 4 4 ( /64 ). ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA.132 x 10-4 CDKZGFV2 (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness.509608754 mm mm mm4 in4 mm 3 Sectional Modulus of the tube S mm3 in3 Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2. Weight Max.29 0.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-2 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE EQUIPMENT BUS AT COUPLING BAY SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. Line height above Insulator e.(Do . 10. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl.6 ISC2 /107(D) lbf/ft Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 1 OF 3 . Max.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl.5 TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0.15 291 m m m m Kg = = = = 700 0.72 h) Max.48 lbf/ft lbf/ft (Cl.35 0. 10.Di ) 120 104 4433981.59 inch inch (For Round conductor) m/s mi/h Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27. CD KZ GF V Hence. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V) (Single 954 CARDINAL ACSR Conductor) 3.79 N/m 2 3 (as per technical specification) Kg/m m/s m/s Now.6 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.3 33.613 1/2 (Pmax/d) 33. Min. Height b. of IEEE:605) 4.72 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1. Width d Bus Cen. 10.44 10.83 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C6-1550): a.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft. DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore.5F25 120 mm b) Outer dia. Span 12 m i) Weight of Damper Material 1.79 75. above ground = 7.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6. Width c.6525978 J/(DO/2) 73899.69067 4. FW = Drag coefficient (Ref.

45 lbf Therefore FSB b. FWB Where.2677 inch 11.91 0. for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Equipment Bus in Coupling bay(as shown in the figure alongside) 1/8(3L1+4L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 31.866 A inch Hence.1181 inch Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 2 OF 3 .23 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft = Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG = Calculation for Insulator Strength a. FWI Where.99 ft 7.4173 inch 5. FSC Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence.27 lbf/ft = = = 31500 255.34 lbf = = 31.5 m = 34.98819 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 12 m = 39.5m CT L2 = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 239.11 1.89 Inch 8.99 ft 9.776 x 10 CDKZGFV (Di+2r1)Hi -5 2 lbf = Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max. Insulator Width = Min. FWI Hi Di D1 D2 Calculation for Insulator wind force: = 1.FW lbf F P P 12m ISO(Panto) L1 BPI Fig 1 10. FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE.FSC lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 31.45 ft = 296.48 lbf/ft Therefore FWB c. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 9.27 lbf/ft Now. FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 6.37 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 10. Insulator Width = = = = 131.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-2 ISC D = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref.34 lbf/ft 5. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.

72 lbf 2 Therefore fi As fi FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) => Reqiured cantilever Strength of the Supporting Insulator = 281. LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 202.45 lbf 239.72 lbf = = 31.34 lbf 131.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0.17 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl. 13.3 (as per Cl.23 daN Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 3 OF 3 .80 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 641.54 lbf 202.59 mi/h Therefore FWI = 143. Ki g FGI FGB Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2 ) [Ki g / (0. 10.FG FGB lbf = where. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 143. No.91 inch 1 1 = 631.79 m/s 75. above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (as per Cl.3 of IEEE:605) 33.89 inch 5.86 lbf Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf = Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen. 10.2 of IEEE:605) 1.99 ft 6.34 lbf/ft fi where.86 lbf 296.2 of IEEE: 605) 286.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-2 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft.71 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE.

132 x 10-4 CDKZGFV2 (DO+2r1) Where DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor r1 = Radial Ice thickness.): 400 31.72 h) Max.5 TUBULAR BUS CONDUCTOR : a) Size : AlMgSi0. Width d Bus Cen.79 75. Wind Pressure(Pmax) Ambient air density(d) Wind Velocity(V) (Single 954 CARDINAL ACSR Conductor) 3. Table 1 of IEEE:605) = Height and exposure factor (Cl.15 291 m m m m Kg = = = = 700 0. J = = = = = Calculation for conductor Wind Force: 4 4 ( /64 ).35 0.6 ISC2 /107(D) lbf/ft Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 1 OF 3 . c) Thickness : 6 mm d) Weight 5. Line height above Insulator e.3 33. of IEEE:605) 4.684 3.83 Kg/m INSULATOR DATA (Type:C6-1550): a.5 m N/mm2 g) Max Allowable stress 115 2 Kg/mm 11.8 Kg/m e) conductor Young's Modulus 7.04 8. FW = Drag coefficient (Ref. Weight Max. Height b.613 1/2 (Pmax/d) 33.Di ) 120 108 3498701. DO = Outer Diameter of Conductor = Di = Inner Diameter of Tube = Therefore. 10. Coss sectional moment of inertia of the tube (J) = = where.13 0.00E+10 N/m2 f) Conductor spacing 6. Span 12 m i) Weight of Damper Material 1. CD KZ GF V Hence. above ground = 7.2 of IEEE:605) = Gust factor (Cl. 10.29 0.79 N/m 2 3 (as per technical specification) Kg/m m/s m/s Now. ): FAULT LEVEL( IK3 ) ( IN KA.558375932 mm mm mm4 in4 mm 3 Sectional Modulus of the tube S mm3 in3 Conductor Wind Force (FW) = 2.(Do .59 inch inch (For Round conductor) m/s mi/h Calculation for Short Circuit Current Unit Force: Short Circuit Current Unit Force (FSC) = 27. Width c.405595626 J/(DO/2) 58311.72 = = = = = = 0 1 1 1.3 of IEEE:605) =Wind speed at 30ft. Min.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-3 CALCULATION OF CANTILEVER STRENGTH OF BUS POST INSULATOR SUPPORTING THE EQUIPMENT BUS AT TRANSFORMER & OHL BAY SYSTEM VOLTAGE ( IN KV. Max. 10.5F25 120 mm b) Outer dia.48 lbf/ft lbf/ft (Cl.

1181 inch Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 2 OF 3 .65 lbf = = 27.90 1.89 Inch 8.37 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L2) = 8m = 26.23 0 lbf/ft lbf/ft lbf/ft = Conductor unit weight = Damping material unit weight = Ice Unit weight FG = Calculation for Insulator Strength a. FC + FI + FD lbf/ft = = = 5.48 lbf/ft Therefore FWB c. FWB Where. FSC Calculation for Gravitational Force: Total bus unit weight (FG) = FC FD FI Hence. for a Rigid Bus Section of Equipment connection in a typical Line bay across the Equipment Bus in Transformer & OHL bay(as shown in the figure alongside) 1/8(3L1+4L2) LE = (Refer Table 5 of IEEE-605) = 27.FW lbf F P 8m P P 12m ISO(Panto) L1 BPI 10.27 lbf/ft = = = 31500 255.91 0.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-3 ISC D = Symmettrical short circuit current = Conductor spacing centre to centre = Constant based on type of short circuit and conductor location (Ref. FSB FSB LE FSC Calculation for Bus Short circuit Current Force: = LE.FSC lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Short Circuit Current Unit Force = = 27.27 lbf/ft Now.89 ft 7.89 ft 9.45 lbf Therefore FSB b.4173 inch 5. FWB LE FW Calculation for Bus Wind Force : = LE. FWI Hi Di D1 D2 Calculation for Insulator wind force: = 1.866 A inch Hence. Insulator Width = = = = 131.13 lbf/ft 3. Insulator Width = Min.5m CB L2 Fig 1 = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Effective Bus span length = Wind unit force on the bus = 208. FWI Where.2677 inch 11.25 ft = 258. Table 2 of IEEE:605) = 9.776 x 10 CDKZGFV (Di+2r1)Hi -5 2 lbf = Wind Force on Insulator = Insulator Height = Effective insulator diameter = (D1+D2)/2 = Max.88714 ft Adjescent Bus Span (L1) = 12 m = 39.

above ground = = = = = = 0 inch 1 (For 'round conductor' as per Table 1 of IEEE:605) 1 (As per Cl.S (4)-G77700-S0019-L061-A ATTACHMENT-3 r1 CD KZ GF V = Radial Ice thickness = Drag coefficient = Height and exposure factor = Gust factor =Wind speed at 30ft.65 lbf 131.13 lbf/ft fi where.95 lbf Therefore FIS Now Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting LE. 10.18 Hz K2 = = 1 (Refer Cl.89 ft 5.89 inch 5.86 lbf 258.54 lbf 142.2 of IEEE:605) 1.3 of IEEE:605) 33.22 Kgf = = = = 1 lbf/inch 386 inch/s 641.99 lbf = = 27.99 lbf 2 Therefore fi As fi FIS (Eqp) Cantilever Load on the Support Insulator (in the direction of the Equipment Connection) => Reqiured cantilever Strength of the Supporting Insulator = 249.3 (As per Cl. 10.59 mi/h Therefore FWI = 143. No.91 inch 1 1 = 559.45 lbf 208.226FGI + FGB)]1/2 = = Insulator cantilever Spring Constant = gravitional constant = Weight of the insulator = Effective weight of bus transmitted to bus support fitting = < 50Hz => 0.2 of IEEE: 605) 254. Ki g FGI FGB Natural Frequency of the Insulator with effective weight of the conductor span : (1/2 ) [Ki g / (0.FG FGB lbf = where.86 lbf Calculation for Total Insulator Cantilever load FIS FIS FWI FSB FWB Hi Hf K1 K2 = K1 [ FWI/2 + {(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FWB] + K2 [{(Hi+Hf)/Hi} FSB] lbf = Total Cantilever load acting at the end of Insulator = Wind force on the insulator in lbf = Bus Short Circuit Force transmitted to bus support fitting = Bus Wind force transmitted to bus support fitting = Insulator Height = Bus Cen. Height above Insulator = Overload Factor applied to wind force = Overload Factor applied to short circuit force = = = = = = = 143. 13. LE = Effective Bus span length FG = Total Bus Unit Weight Therefore FGB = 142.28 daN Gilgel Gibe II Hydroelectric Project Page 3 OF 3 .79 m/s 75.

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