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NY PUBLIC LIBRARY
THE BRANCH LIBRARIES
3 3333 08115 4086
THE CENTRAL CHILDREN*
iYORK, M 3 Yo
& JOHNSTON." AYTOUN. LIMITED EDINBURGH AND LONDON A. K.THE SCOTTISH CLANS AND THEIR TARTANS WITH NOTES "Nowhere beats the heart so kindly As beneath the tartan plaid. . LIBRARY EDITION W.
I c . . .. : ...THE NEW YO PUBLIC LIBRA 7034 MD TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. .. C < .: .. . 1 1 .
JOHNSTON. 2. 37. 43.EAI. 4. CAMERON. 22. MACDONALD. 41. 5. GUNN. 0. 36. 25. BRODIE OF BRODIE. 38. 39. DUNDAS. 13. ELLIOT. CLERGY. 29. LOUDOUN. LINDSAY. COLQUHOUN. LIST OF NATIVE DYES. 17. BREADALBANE. INTRODUCTORY NOTE. MACARTHUR. FRASER. 27. 18. CUMIN. MACDONALD OF SL. CAMERON. MACDONALD OF CLA^RA 44. CAMPBELL. FORBES. 7. 23.CONTENTS. 14. . 40. CRIES. 34. 21. 26. ( . "BLACK WATCH. 31. MACBEAN OR M^I^EAN. MAP OF SCOTLAND DIVIDED INTO CLANS. 10." AND CAMPBELL. KING ROBERT. ARGYLL. FARQUHARSON. FORTY-SECOND. MACALISTER. CHISHOLM. 24. 35. . BUCHANAN. DAVIDSON. JACOBITE. GORDON. MACALPINE. GRANT. LESLIE. CAMPBELL. DRUMMOND. FERGUSSON. ERSKINE. BADGES OF THE CLANS." DOUGLAS. CAMPBELL. 42. 16. MACAULAY. KERR. WAR 1. 33. BRUCE. 28. MACBETH. 30. 12. CHIEF. 32.i. LOCHEIL. . GRAHAM. 11. " 45. ERRACHT. 15. CAWDOR. 8. 20. MACDONELL OF GLENGARRY. LOGAN OR MACLENNAN. LAMOND. CAMPBELL. 19. 3.
Campbells. M Ill . 1.*. 29.t.'4-' . CTati Donald (South)..^""" S B 5*^' 32^* ^ .-. ^ CAtn 24. Maclfods of Harris. >r ^-' 9 * y . M'lntoshesofOlxntilt. MacLeods of Lewis. w >3U 'ft " &"-&&*&. ?V^ ^^ 1 1*3 > ! '"'-^"^te/ -*^o d - "r f '" Fuirum-. 20. 22. ^%r& ypi K <. C(olt Lauren.(' Wl-ntf^ X *""" OK HIA& itf /evffci' "tfs&Jk te6 ' ^o. 30. Ardnamurchan and Sunnart.~" ^SVAndrevrs CLAN^O U FF I 56 m r#x . SCOTLAND DIVIDED INTO \ i CLANS \ 16.MO-. Ckm QuAeie or Skaws.ld of Lo^hqbfr. SpoMmgs.-- M'Do-ugals. 27! OaUtruiths.)Afacdonalds. L/ ^*l o P- QLliUllS / *< ^ "- W' J$&^ ^: A^'. ^"""^ >3 t *^" \. ClanJ)onald(N. l liant..^ O $** ^^ J>^- V^M"" ^ *.!. 3. Jfoc/artoTies.. Stearf. 2. Maclarens 6. BarlofAtholl.irl. Cian Qillean or MacUant.^>. Macgregors.ju2?2 M** f 5 -x <t J3 1 ^ (Irk 58h t*c -il/^ L H CtjL.iu> "^ "=9 \ A ^SS^. 7 Longitude Wes-t 6 of ". Clan Macian or Maedonalds of 21. 5. 17. DAIJ^V.1 .tKS.ofT<*r jTTy M. 25. Macaulays. 'JSStemrts of^<ft. M'Altistirt. POT* VT: 56 -6*S? t*i > V t-^S ?? . 31. 23. i I r.. 28. t !. Stewarts. 4.
HE Scottish Highlanders are the remnant of the great Celtic race which remained untouched by the Roman and Saxon invasions on the south. gives the following extract from the charge and discharge of John. is men of the same name or clan . . introduction of clanship and tartans seems to be reach of history.INTRODUCTORY NOTE. as to the Tartan. 1. as to its price in the Acts of Parliament of Scotland In the ornamental title to Bleau's Map of Scotland. Bishop of Glasgow." consisting of a large and long piece of wearing the plaiding. price ane 2. General Leslie states that the Highlanders under his command were composed of reference in 1661. in the year 81 of the Christian era.. are entries regarding a Highland dress for King James V. in his Scottish Gael (vol. for a sparwort aboun his credill. plaid and kilt in one piece. to lyne ridin collars to her lady the Queen. in 1654.. 10s. but Logan. price 5s. 8 shillins. 1471 : "Ane " elne and ane halve of Blue Tartane. i. In 1640. and the Danes on the east and west of the country. p. published in striped clothes. This is supto be the origin of the now highly ornamental Highland dress. to the Highlands. When. posed . Agricola invaded North Britain. to lyne his gowiie of cloth of gold .. (Scots) Four elne and ane halve of Tartane. made two Highlanders are represented one of them " Belted Plaid. and they were the last to oppose with perfect success the otherwise conquering arms of Rome. Treasurer to King James III." In the accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland. on the occasion of that monarch making a hunting excursion of vari-coloured tartan. in August 1538. The dress was made In more modern times the following references may be quoted. elne 10s " Halve ane elne of doble Tartane. which was so folded and confined by a belt round the waist as to form a complete dress. 230). it was inhabited by twenty-one beyond the The aboriginal tribes or clans.
although not considered Clan Tartans. been worn by the . or any . mother. Dundas. . and by the of roads through the Highlands making military by General Wade. . the face of the and the habits of the people have been country completely changed. my so. it was in 1782 repealed through the influence of the gallant Duke of Montrose. On the 1st day of August 1747 (O. Highlander could receive the benefit of the Act of Indemnity first : taking the following dreadful oath I. showing the districts inhabited by the various Clans. This severe and harsh Act. . and property. may I never see my wife and children. after the rising of 1745. 1662. Various Breacan. in a strange land. and as I shall answer to of judgment. may I be killed in battle as a coward.S. and. Tartan is not a Gaelic word " name is called coloured cloths the striped or spotted cloth under this derived from breac. whatsoever. The line of demarcation is laid down on the accompanying map. or arm part of the Highland garb God at the great day possession any gun. from a very early period. When the last hope of the restoration of the Stewart was dynasty extinguished at Culloden. may all this come across me if I break my oath. A. "Culloden! which reeks with the blood of the brave. wore Royal Stuart Charles the Second. originally tartan was worn only by the natives the Highlands. family. are also shown in this work. No without " imprisonment and transportation beyond seas for seven years for the second.). and lie without Christian burial. which not only excluded the Lowlands or inhabiting Border counties on the south." Dr James Browne's History of the Highland Clans 1859. B. at his marriage in tartan ribbons on his dress.INTRODUCTORY NOTE Continued. "Yet when time shall have drawn its veil over the as over the past. may I be cursed in my undertakings. such as Douglas. John- many Lindsay. was most unpopular. after the Border tribes of the Lowlands. under the penalty of six months' for the first offence. far from the if I and do graves of my forefathers and kindred . nor shall have. chequered. in sword. plaid. these. in consequence of the discontent created by it." the influence of the Clans was greatly weakened. and never use tartan. several Highland Clans In modern times named ston." have. do swear. as might have been expected. or relations.. pistol. an Act was passed forbidding the wearing of tartan. but also the north-east of the country. tartans have been invented and manufactured. I have not. etc. father. as any part of a Highland dress.
Esq. and the shreds of the last plaid been tossed by the Avinds upon the cairn. and who. of Oban. of War.. the Chiefs Tartan. worn only by himself and heir. supposed that a clan had only of the various Clans are mostly extracted The historical accounts from the large quarto work. and the achievements of distant ages. the poetry. and Mourning of a particular tartan. and a list of work. the present Highland dress. an Englishman." revived that the Every now and then we hear an absurd story Feileadh beag. . such as the common Clan Tartan. by the same publishers. years after the event this individual Avas the only person Avho knew of such a thing. the Hunting Tartan. it being generally disputes as to the correctness one tartan. or Parkinson. the list of dyos used original histories. and sew it in its Avriter in present the Scots Magazine in the year 1798. five It should be borne in mind that many Clans have from one to ! various tartans.INTRODUCTORY NOTE present. G. in the ranks of the British army. In every case the tartans in the book have been taken thread by thread from the actual cloth. have stood foremost in the line of battle and given place to none. for several Clans. not from any previously printed and others. on The Highland Garb. finding his Highland labourers encumbered with their belted plaids. Avas first introduced in 1728 the superintendent of the by Rawlinson. " read by him before the Mackay. Continued. M'Isaac. The ignorance of this fact leads to many Tartan. in staining the tartans. posterity may look back with regret when the last to a people who have so marked the history. edited by the late James Grant. and to D. or bleached within the raven's nest. value. broadsword shall have been broken on the anvil. Avho. the Dress Tartan. M'lan's present Chiefs of Clans Badges and War Cries have been introduced. of Portree. lead mines at Tyndrum. The Tartans of the Clans of Scotland. and edition several corrections have been received from In the Gael." Gaelic Society of Inverness in 1883. author of The Romance works. and that he should be so long in making it public There are too many descriptions and portraits of gentlemen in the render this absurd story of any Highland dress long anterior to 1728 to It is introduced here from a very learned article by Mr J. or seventy anonymous It is very strange that is said to have taken place. taught them to separate the plaid from the kilt This opinion Avas first broached by an form. and other popular the publishers have been indebted to Logan's Scottish For others.
Do. Red Do. DYES. \Yhite Lichen. Sundew. (bright) Lus-na-fearnaich. Alder-tree bark. Rusg-Fearna Bun na Copaig Bun an t-Sheilisdeir Dearcan-Fraoich. Water-flag root. with Ammonia. in Many COLOUR. Aim le Common Sugh Heather. Violet Wild Cress. Bracken St. with Alum. Bramble. Do. Elder. The items sources. Aim Dearcan-Fraoich. Blueberry. Broom. le Aim Magenta Orange (dark) Purple Do. (dark) Flesh Colour Crotal Geal Crotal Dubh Cairt-Sheilich Grey Green Do. Do. Cupmoss. Dandelion. Do. with Gall Nuts. Teasel. . Fraoch. or Fuller's Thistle. Sundew. Do. John's Wort. Whin-bark. with Do. Lichen. Lichen. with Alum. Leanartach Crotal Cloich-aoil Biolaire Limestone Lichen.NATIVE DYE5. le (dark) Dulse. le Dock root. with Alum. GAELIC. Dark Lichen. with Alum. Do. Roid Freumh na Craoibh-Uinnsinn Bun na Rainich Lus Chaluim-Chille Lus-an-fhucadair Crotal Fraoch. Yellow Do. Crimson Do. Rock Lichen. Tormentil. Do. Blue Do. Do. Do. Chabar-feidh Alum. Freumhaichean Sheilisdeir Bealaidh Rusg-Conuisg Lus-an fhucadair (dark) Root of Yellow Water-flag. root. Crotal Duileasg Preas-dearc. Rue root. Ash-tree root. Bearnan-Bride Preas-Smeur Lus-na-fearnaich Crotal. (yellowish) le Aim Blueberry. Scarlet Crotal-nan-creag Crotal Geal Bun an Riiidh White Lichen. Do. le Cnomhan-doniblaib Currant. Aim Droman. Teasel. Lichen. Black Do. Brown Do. Willow-bark. Coinneach Heather. Do. the following list have been gleaned from various of the dyes are still employed in the Highlands. Do. le Bog-Myrtle.
Holly. Lus-nam-ban. MacAlister. . Oireag. MacKinnon. Crowberry. Yew. Wild Myrtle . Dogberry . or feireag MacDougal MacFarlane Bell Heath. CLANS. Oban. Giuthas Fraoch . . with the badge. CLANS.laoh-suaicheantais means the national costume or dress complete. IN GAELIC GAELIC. Plant. THE BADGES OF THE ENGLISH.BADGES OF THE CLANS. Roseroot. Foxglove. Cranberry . Fir Club Moss. Scotch Fir or Pine Tree. SUAICHEANTAS 1 NAN GAEL. tuinn Cumin Drummond Fergusson. Laurel. Lus Mine Cuimin Lus an righ. Oak . Eitheann Gunn Johnston Buaidh chraobh. MacFarquhar.. OB. 2 Buchanan Cameron Campbell Chisholm Colquhoun Dearc bhraoileag Darag Darag Dearca fithich Roid . Crab Apple Tree. Garbhag an t-sleibhe Fearna Raineach CallBraoileag nan con . MacAlpine. Red Hawthorn. Alder Fern. . Little Sunflower . . Craobh Machall monaidh fiadhain ubhal Roid Garbhag an t-sleibhe A' Muileag . Juniper . . 1 2 Esq. Cumin Wild Thyme (the oldest). . . Bilberry . and Farquharson Forbes Fraser Grant. . Common Heath. MacDonell. Cranberry Scotch Fir. Hazel. and MacQuarrie Gordon Graham and MacLaren sith Bealaidh lubhar Giuthas Broom. Ivy. foighreag. etc. MacGregor. Oak. Intyre. or Lus mhic righ Bhreatuinn Cuileann Ros-greine. AND ENGLISH. " " revised by Duncan MacTsaac. nalaibhreas Aiteann Lus nan laoch . Ao. Lamond MacArthur MacAulay MacDonald. and MacNab Fraoch dearg A' Muileag. Mac- Wild Myrtle Fir Club Moss. Cloudberry. ladh-shlat. Dryas . The Gaelic in the lists of Badges" and War Cries" have been and some important items are now added to them.
Little Periwinkle . Broom . and Maclnnes Bealaidh Broom. ENGLISH.] 10 . Luachair-bhog Cuileann . Dryas. Cotton Butcher's Sedge. Raineach Ros-Mairi Fiadhaich Conasg Darag Cluaran . Sinclair Whin Oak. Hawthorn. Gillyflower. GAELIC. Blackberry Heath. MacLean. to many as be- longing chattan Clan- MacRac Menzies Munro Murray Ogilvie Garbhag an t-sleibhe Fraoch nam Meinnearach Garbhag nan Gleann Calg-bhealaidh Aiteann . to be braoileag the oldest badge) Red Whortleberry. According to Logan. Juniper. Holly Furze. That of the Pictish kings present was Rudh (rue). Fine-leaved Heath . Robertson ]lose Dubh Fhraoch . MacQueen. MacNaughton MacNeil MacPherson. Canach or Canaicheaii Lus Leth-an-t-Samhraidh joined with the Thistle in the Collar of the Order. . MacMillan. Boxwood (this is said . the national badge. MacKay MacKenzie. not the shell-fish periwinkle a suggested by Logan's Gaelic term. MacGillivray.BADGES OF THE CLANS CLANS. Fern. Davidson. . . The Menzies Heath. Wallflower. MacDuff. Broom . Logan MacLeod and Ross Faochag Cuileann 1 . Uinnsean Grainseag dliubh Ash Tree. or Gorse. [Vincii Minor an evergreen plant. Macintosh. Bulrush Holly. MacBean. Common Butcher's Club Moss. which is Sutherland Urquhart 1 Calg-bhealaidh . Juniper. Sgitheach geal Whitethorn. . and others. MacLachlan MacLaine MacLennan. Trailing Azalea. Wild Rosemary. Conasg Aiteann Lus Albanach Machall monaidh Bocsa Lus nan craimsheag. Continued. Club Moss. also Stewart the Thistle.
" "The Boar's Rock. RALLYING CLAN. Andrew. GAELIC." "Victory or Death.WAR OR. "The Great Field." "The Black Craig Chattan." "The Raven's Rock. Argyllshire." of Clan "An t-Arm Breac Dearg " "The army red" of the checkered [tartan]. Buchanan Cameron Campbell Farquharson Forbes Fraser Do." "The Ridge of Tears." Loch Awe. Sons of the hounds come here island in Cruachaii 'Cam na Cuimhne" ' A mountain " Castle and get flesh. wmch is built Castle Stalker)." A mountain in Strathdon. MacNaughton MacNeil MacPherson MacQuarrie "Fraoch-Eilean" " " Buaidh no Bas Dhubh Chloinn Cha"Creag " tain "Victory or Death." Threatening (a lake near the seat of the Chief tain). " " Creag-an-Sgairbb. " MacGregor Macintosh Maclntyre Loch Moidheidh " MacKay MacKenzic " Bratach bhan Chlann Aoidh " "Cruachan" A ' ' MacKinnon MacLaren MacLennan. " Remember the death of Alpin. "The Woody " The Loch of Height. 11 . (later) 'Clarlnnis" 'Chlanna nan con thigibh a so " 's gheibh sibh feoil " ' An ' ' Loch Lomond. ENGLISH." " Mac Alpine MacDonald Do." Loch Moy. Logan "Tulach Ard" "Cuimhnich bas Ailpein" " " Creag an Tuirc " Druim nan deur " A " The White Banner of MacKay." " "Castle Foulis ablaze (referring probably to beacon or signal lights)." Alpin. "Cuimhnich bas Ailpein" "Fraoch Eilean" MacDonell Do. (Clanranald) (Glengarry) (Keppocli) "Dh' " aindeoin co theireadh e " Creagan-an-fhithich "Remember the death of "The Heathery Isle." LGnach " ' A ' Mlior-fhaiche " Caisteal Dunie " " ! near Loch Awe." " Downie." Gordon Grant ' A Gordon ! A Gordon " ' Creag Elachaidh "Stand Fast Craig Elachaidh. Cairn of Remembrance. "(?) "Up with the White and Red." "The Loch of the Host." "Heather Island." "Dia's ' MacDougal MacFarlane MacGillivray Naomh Aindrea " Buaidh ne Bas Ard-Coille " " 'LochShMdh" 'LochMoidh" ' ' "God and St." "The Rock of Alarm. "The Cormorant's Rock" (on Sutherland " " Ceann na drochaide bige A bridge at Dunrobin. mountain near Loch Awe. mountain in Kintail. Matheson Menzies Munro Stewarts (Appin) 'n da thear" naidh " " Geal 'us Dearg a suas "Caisteal Foulis 'n a theine" "Dail Achadh "The field of the two decliv- ities. CRIE5. WORDS OF SOME OF THE CLANS." " Gainsay who dare.
12 . living temp. was born 31st August 1744. of Red Castle and had 27.. and married Lady Margaret Duff.. leaving Ian Ashley now of Brodie. youngest daughter of William. and died in 1716. first Earl of Fife. November third daughter of the late Colonel Hugh Baillie. Thane of Brodie. King Alexander III. This lady was burnt to deatli at Brodie House. He left nine but no son. Their son James was drowned in his father s lifetime. Emily. descended Alexander Brodie of Brodie. This gentleman.A. daughter of William. son of James Brodie of Spynie.BRODIE OF BRODIE. William Brodie.P. From Malcolm. styled Lord Brodie as a senator of the College of Justice. issue: Hugh Fife Ashley. 24th April 1786 and he died 17th January 1824. Their eldest son. leaving two sons and three daughters. brother of Lord Brodie in 1692. M. and died 1S89. January 1824. 1838. cousin James Brodie. when he transplanted the Moray rebels. in Morayshire Lieutenant of was born 2nd July 1799.. and was succeeded by his cousin George Brodie. two sons and live daughters. James Brodie of Brodie. third Earl of Lothian. daughter of Colonel Story of Ascot. Lord-Lieutenant of the County of Nairn. succeeded his grandfather. gave lands about the year 1160." The old writings of the family were mostly carried away or destroyed when Lord Lewis after- He Gordon. and grandson of David Brodie of Brodie. Nairnshire. married in 1659 Lady Mary Ker. son of daughters. and were one of those loyal tribes to whom Malcolm IV. born 25th July 1617. leaving by Ann. Elizabeth. R. his wife. wards (3rd) Marquis of Huntly. fHIS name" (says Shaw in his "History of Moray") "is manifestly local. born 15th September 1637. Joseph Brodie of Aslisk. burnt Brodie House in 1645. The other branches of the clan are Brodie of Lethen.. fifth daughter of his married. He left three sons predecessor. taken from the lands of Brodie. of Brodie. born 8th September 1840. Esq. whose son and successor. Sussex. I incline to think that they were originally of the ancient Moravienses. married. and Brodie of Eastbourne. and a Brodie was made a Baronet in 1834.
BRODIE. .* S x^ S 5 ^XXXXV^XXXXV^ I 1 ! 1 x - \^^ fcvvSX^ 1.
of the one Regents of the Kingdom of Scotland. William. dying in 1304. and was taken prisoner at the battle of Lewis with that monarch. 28th April 1296. the Earl of Carrick. he was interred in the Abbey Church of Dumfermline. ninth Earl of Elin and thirteenth Earl of Kincardine. In 1284. he left a large family. but failed to carry out this design. That monarch invading England in 1138. who left two sons and four daughters. He sat in Parliament as Lord of Annandale in 1290rand on the death of Margaret the same year. second daughter of David Earl of Huntingdon. married in 11S3. Bruce retired leaving his claim to his son. King Edward I. by his own father who sent him prisoner to King Stephen. in 1255 he was nominated son. Bruce was sent by the English to negotiate with David. and died before 1191.rit. in Dumbartonshire. came into England with William the Conqueror. He had two sons. where he was taken [38. Robert de Brus was born in 1245. 1314. Edward had to raise Bruce to the throne in room of promised Baliol. Robert and William Robert. and without any resources but in his own valour anrl t. ascended the throne of his ancestors. His heart havin" been extracted and embalmed. Douglas was killed fighting against the Moors in Spain. Bruces are also Baronets of Stenhouse. . His eldest son Adam's male line terminated in Peter de Brus May 1141. He left a son. his eldest son. to Palestine in 1269. and thus being liegeman to King David of Scots when he invaded England in was on his side at the Battle of the Standard. was brought back with the body of Douglas and buried in the Monastery of Melrose. He accompanied Edward into Scotland against Baliol. aged eighty-five. . Their Robert de Bruce' was in 1254-55. and obtained from him the lordship of Annandale. . 1629. where an army was drawn up to oppose him. PE BRUS. he visited that monarch whom he had known at the Court of Henry I. and guardian of Alexander III. the eldest. succeeded to his father's title of Earl of Carrick he asserted his claim e o s. advanced to Northallerton. His second son Robert enjoyed Annandale by the gift of his father. and died in 1295. . and of Downhill. and was crowned at Scone. his wife. brother of William the Lion. of Skelton. aged fifty -five . His eldest son. and was present at the battle of Dunbar. few partisans. the first on record of this race of heroes and patriots a noble knight of Normandy. Robert. Isabel natural daughter of King William the Lion. Governor of the Castle of Carlisle . OBERT . to the throne of Scotland in 1124. 27th March 1306 After many vicissitudes. he led a body of Scottish auxiliaries to assist Cumyn King Henry III. and accompanied King Edward I. as the nearest heir of King Alexander III. 1804. Robert died on llth and was buried at Gysburn. For this princely donation Brus did homage to David. with the other Magnates Scotife he joined in promising to accept Margaret of Norway as his Sovereign in the event of the demise of Alexander III. and the silver casket containing the heart of Bruce.. Bruce retired to England remaining in obscurity. He died at Cardross. He was of such valour and so much confided in by William that after his victory over Harold he sent him to subdue the northern parts of England. The present head of one branch of the Bruces is Victor Alexander. died in 1215.ROBERT BRUCE.h nnt. Robert de Brus born llth July 1274. however. against his rebellious barons. He died in 1245. overruled all the pleas of Bruce.ri fiHoiit^ n t he and the untried fidelity of a. his brother and heir. who married Isabel. s aers e o ar o arrc e to the Scottish crown. entered his claim to the crown of Scotland. and was succeeded by his son Robert de Brus. Before the end of the Brus was owner of no less than ninety-four Conqueror's reign. and on the 17th November 1292 adjudged the Kingdom of Scotland to Baliol. . was finally cemented by his splendid and decisive victory at Banriockburn. on the 7th of June 1329. cried "Thou art a false traitor Bruce " and he was dismissed from the Scottish camp renouncing his homage to the King of Scots. was delivered to Sir James Douglas to be carried to Palestine and buried in Jerusalem. the power of King Robert I. in 1204 with John and John Baliol. lordships in Yorkshire. 22nd August 1138. and his Queen. By Margaret. who founded and endowed a monastery at Gysburn Soon after the accession of David I. and made an eloquent address to that monarch to induce him to withdraw his forces one of the King's attendants. KING OF SCOTLAND. who ordered him to be delivered to his mother. Countess of Carrick. who was defeated in the Battle of the Standard (or Northallerton).
2. BRUCE. .
and are now possessed by the Duke of Montrose. and Walter. founder of the now extinct line of Auchmar. Duke of Albany). War Cry: "Clar Innis" (An island in Lochlomond). A Buchanan was created a Baronet in 1878. Countess of Lennox. The principal line became extinct in 1682. "Maurice of Bouchannane. .BUCHANAN. near Lochs Katrine and. Walter. sixth Earl of Lennox. and by her had a younger son. he had John.. Clarinnis. obtained from him a part of the lands of Buchanan in Stirlingshire. The latter married the sole heiress of the ancient family of Leny.' married the heiress of Killearn and Auchreoch. distinguished himself. with a court of life and limbs. together with Sallachy. by these bounds from Kelyn to Aldmar. in the third generation. is said to have slain the Duke of Clarence. who became known in the time of James V. in 1421. Badge: Dearc bhraoileag (Bilberry). whence. Their eldest son. married a daughter of Lord Graham. Sir Alexander was slain in the battle of Verneuilin 1424 his second brother Walter. to be held as often as he (the Earl) may incline . who fell at Flodden. Gilbert. and his third to Leny. in said to come from this event but more probably from its rendezvous. son and heir of the late Maurice of Bouchannane of the land called Bouchannane. George Patrick's son. became connectr d with the royal house. or Darag (Oak). houe of Drumikil. founded the Buchanan. and at the battle of Bauje-en-Anjou. The war-cry of the clan. when the representation was claimed by Buchanan of Auchmar. seneschal to the Earl of Lennox. The Lairds of Buchanan built the ancient peel of that name. the Constable of France. left two sons George. Through marriage with a daughter of Menteith of Rusky. by his wife. an isle in Loch Lomond. Their youngest son. as the facetious " King of Kippen. Clar inch. Patrick. su& eeded to Buchanan. sprang the h^torian. under Stuart. to this effect. renewed to Maurice of Buchanan the grant of what the former Earl had conferred upon his ancestor. . The mill-town of Buchanan is near the parish church. of the 13th century." Patrick. his son. Sheriff of Dumbarton in 1561. Lomond. Walter married Isabel (daughter of Murdoch. and by a second wife. down to the water of Hanerch. The family lands lay in Menteith and the Lennox. and the land of Sallachy down to the pool of Lougchlomneid (sic). William. founder of the line of Spittal." to be held by the delivery of a cheese out of each house in which a cheese is made on the said lands. whose line perished in 1816. his heir. . Janet Cunninghame of Craigends. Their eldest son. Walter of Buchanan. By Margaret Edmondston of Duntreath. The king granted a charter of confirmation to his successor of the same name. and took his Donald. Thomas. etc. Sir Alexander. OWARDS the middle name from them. a daughter of Argyll. The present chief is John Buchanan Hamilton of Leny.
.kxxxxtxxxxx^vx>k r s s S S kiMUM ^vvvvSaSxvxx* sSsSSS * 5 K! I i I II tn 3. BUCHANAN.
"that he was quite an infant when his father joined the Earl of Mar. as Lieutenant of Tarleton's Dragoons. was Ewen.. Philip. he led it through the severe campaigns of 1794-95 in Flanders till it embarked for the West Indies. After the battle of Culloden. and followed to the grave the remains of his veteran parent Lieutenant-Colonel Cameron married Lastitia Pryce. he formed a second battalion. and Alan. In 1S04. the eldest Nathaniel. HE first member of this family was Ewen Cameron. John Curry and had ten children. whose father succeeded to the estate of Glenure. who was actually the second. whose residence was a kind of farm-house. of fever in the \\ est Indies." Donald Cameron. commanded the nd Battalion of the Cameron Highlanders. and immured for two years in the common prison of Philadelphia. As such. i /l and K. in his History of the Clan Cameron. Esq. fifth of Erracht. by Allan Breac Stewart. otherwise known as Vie hut. on the death of her uncle. as Cameron of Faasifern. and subsequeLtly afforded Wellington material aid at the capture of Oporto. the second Laird of Erracht. and was present at the defence of Quebec against the insurgent general. was second in command of the Camerons at the muster in Glenfinnan. The corps." come The latter Thirty years later. Two years at Martinique reduced its strength so greatly that. Lieutenant-Colonel Nathaniel Cameron. Alan Cameron embarked with his Highlanders for Ferrol. commandant. which mustered at Inverness. a lieutenant-general. and in 1798. known as Fear Mhorsheirlich. in 1797. under Lord Cathcart. The family were known locally as Sliochd Eoghainn'ic Eoghainn." says MacKenzie. Through his uncle's influence he became clerk in the customs at Greenock. Donald joined Prince Charles. he received letters of service empowering him to raise a regiment of Highlanders this battalion was formed at the sole expense of Mr Cameron and his officers. Arnold.C. He died at Fulham on the 9th of March 1828. and his wife was Lucy Campbell of Barcaldane. and he subsequently wnt to Mull. County Limerick. Watch. ' . daughter of MacLean of Drimnin in among and Morven. having been wounded by his adversary.9!'. disliking desk-work. married Charlotte.B. daughter of Loftus Tottenham. and. the battalion was broken up and '210 joined the Black as . engagement Mac He Onaich.Oth regiment. Of his immediate kindred. only daughter of the Rev. He was placed on half-pay. to fight at the battle of Bheriflmuir. Housed by the alarms and perils of 1793. feoil" ("Sons of the Clan Pipe Music . but. He was taken prisoner. and was doomed to see his. he was challenged by another Cameron. Marjory Macintosh.CAMERON OF ERRACHT. a younger brother of the great Locheil. : in the campaign of Corunna. the Tanister. bridge").Gathering " Ceann na drochaide moire" ("The head of the high " Piobaireachd Dhonuill Duibh " ("Pibroch of Donald Dubh"). "for we are told. until the close of the war (when the corps was disbanded). soon raised a second . under Locheil. mustered 1000 strong and Alan Cameron was gazetted as lieutenant-colonel. Donald Cameron of Erracht was a homeless wanderer the mountains for three years. in which he was slain. he served in Zealand. ( n he 2Ml of Jllly 1810> ssir Aian wns appointed a major-general in 1819. near Corpach in Inverness-shire. on the 17th of August in that year. eleven of whom were gentlemen of the clan. He married Marjory. and then joined Abercrombie in Egypt. in Appin. who was shot at the ferry of Ballachulish. Colonel Cameron and his officers repaired to the Highlands. in 1. March Badge : Dearca fithich (Crowberry) . He was compelled to seek safety in flight. his nephew and orphan grandson. numbered as the 70th or Cameron Highlanders. was born shortly before the insurrection of 1715 . he left only one son. by his second wife. son of John. son of Ewen. fourth of Lrracht. had not as yet out. or Darag (Oak). 7SO It served in the expedition to the Helder strong. Vic Alostera. War Cry: "Chlanna nan con thigibh a so 's gheibh sibh hounds come here and get flesh"). the son of Ewen. became infuriated. and won a gold medal. crime for which the Laird of Ardsheil was judicially murdered by the Uuke of Argyll. family drop around him his eldest son. 800 strong . The duel took place on a bank of the Lochy. He lived to an advanced age. or "the children of Ewen. and dealt the latter a blow on the head with his claymore which killed him. thirteenth Chief of Lochiel. he went to America and joined the old S4th or Royal Highland Emigrant*. when leading a charge at Fuentes d'Onor. by his position in the tribe. at the Castle of Inverary. In 1800. who.
.. It! 111 ^\t J^l I *^J | ill CAMERON.x. ERRACHT..* ^ i ^^HR' iXv\v i i NXXXWTVNNVS.
John Cameron. found on the fatal field of Culloden. son of Allan. popularly known an gentle Locheil. born 1835. I'll follow thee!" He died in 1748. when the Lord of the Isles was defeated by the Scottish Lowland troops." In 1501. . all separated from the Clan Chattan by the end of the 14th century. the Camerons of Strone. yet the Locheil family obtained the following of the clan from the time their independence was declared. March Badge: Darag (Oak). though the Letterfinlay branch of the tribe were the oldest and adhered to the Clan Chattan. Sir Ewen is said to have made no less than thirty-five armed forays into the territories of his enemies." and with his kin and allies. a gift of the territory of the Camerons. being preserved from death. obtained. probably after the famous battle of the North Inch at Perth. man and servand. having detached 300 men to lay waste his lands." tradition mentions that Allan. in 1G29. and a battle was fought at the head of Loch Ness. Earl of Huntly. both of whom were declared guilty of high treason and beheaded at Elgin. Edinburgh. we read of the name. with loving ardour. Ewen Macconeill. . at the head of his Camerons. His steel Highland pistols. took his wife with him. come woe. "and. one of the name. Donald Dhuled the clan at the bloody battle of Harlaw in 1411. iv. the name of Thomas Cameron.THE CLAN CAMERON. MacLean. Y War Cry: the best Celtic authorities. together with Ronald MacDonald of Keppoch. signed a bond of man-rent to the Earl of Huntly at Inverness. appears in some of the family papers of the Lords Montgomery (Eglinton Memorials. and affixed his signa" ture as " Ewin Donaldson. with an armed force to seize his new possessions. to be "his leill. vol. It would appear that. At the head of his clan. are now preserved in the Museum of Antiquities at . if a girl to spare her. From his swarthy complexion he was named Ewen Dim. led by Maister John Camroun (Ibid. trew. Provost of Lincluden. the Camerons were arrayed against him. and cut them to pieces. from James II. In 1426. the Camerons are supposed to have been of the same At first there were three branches of them the origin as the Clan Chattan. probity. forfeited for some offence "MacLean therefore went against the state. and three years later. The following year saw Huntly in arms." says Robertson " it is likely they declared themselves independent of the Clan Chattan. made his castle a place of refuge to any of the clan that should think himself in danger and. fighting the battle of Blairleine. This was in May 1541! (Spa/il. became Bishop of Glasgow. Miscell. and Maclonich contrived that the children should be changed. ane fald. In the early part of the same century. we find Ewen. in 17-15. to Prince Charles. MacLean. or Dearca fithich (Crowberry). was chief of the Camerons in the reign of Robert II. who recovered Coll and conquered Barra. the successor of Ewen (son of Allan). He was a native of Kilmalie. to take part with the earl in all his just actions and quarrels against all men. minister of Dunoon. by the faith and truth in his body. Club. with his hand at the pen. and MacLean with his followers was defeated and destroyed. the reign of Mary.). bridge"). a notary. and.). John Cameron. ii. despite this bond.. Locheil attacked them with fury. and his great-greatgrandson is Donald Cameron of Locheil. I know not for what reason. and was the last man who upheld the Royal cause in the great Civil War. In the Civil Wars. probably in connection with the murder of James I. in which he is designated Laird of Locheil. surnamed MacOchtry. was famous for his learning and During \ A . when a Sir Hoger Cameron was killed at the battle of Durham. and was a famous Cavalier in his time. The lady fell into the hands of the conquerors. as a proof of reciprocal confidence took upon himself and his posterity the care of educating the heir of Maclonich. He was also Lord Privy Seal. The Camerons rose in defence of their chief. and being found pregnant. it is said. was placed in the custody of Maclonich. " Come weal. was the famous Sir Ewen Cameron of Locheil. in gratitude to his friend." was the same who said. one of a family branched from the Camerons. their " the chief. butsome years before his accession to the throne. vol.. . in time recovered his original patrimony and. who was born and died in 1710. Camerons of Glenevis.) "Chlanna nan con thigibh a so 's gheibh sibh feoil" ("Sons of the hounds come here and get flesh") Clan Pipe Music: Gathering "Ceann na drochaide moire" ("The head of the high " Piobaireachd Ohonuill Duibh " ("Pibroch of Donald Dubh"). in 1346. The English Governor of Inverlochy. In 1547.). in which Locheil obtained the victory. Soon after he captured the chief. when. the Camerons were ever loyal to the House of Stuart and. Maclonich's wife had a girl about the same time at which Lady MacLean brought forth a boy. Captain of the Clan Cameron binding himself. and the MacMartins of Letterfinlay. to George. and this they have ever since maintained. (LOCHEIL. The Locheil family are supposed to belong to the Strone branch. near the place where Fort Augustus now stands. under the Earl of Mar. with orders if she brought forth a boy to destroy him. Another eminent native of Kilmali. and marked with his initials.
CAMERON OF LOCHEIL.SK SRSSSSSSSSSRSSSSRSSS M i 5. .
seventh Earl. and the sieges of Lisle. that. opposed strenuously the proposed marriage of Queen Mary to Edward VI. and is still to a very considerable extent. commanded the Scots Foot Guards from 1(341 till 1050. Mull. tlominusdeLochaice. General John Campbell of Maiuore (second son of Archibald. the most powerful in Scotland. and many of the name basely swore fealty to Ed ward of England. there are two to Duncan and Dougal Campbell. Earl of Campbell and Cowal. for the last time in the drawn battle of Sheritfmuir." and distinguished himself by his valour at Pinkie in 1. . Badge: Roid (Wild Myrtle). He died in 1770. And shake alike the senate and the field." He signalised himself at the battle of Ramilies and Oudenard. as their chief was designated and many branches of the tribe were war-like and titled barons. fifth Duke. His grandson." and the clan gradually increased in power. Blytheswood. led the \anguard at Flodden.6 THE CLAN CAMPBELL OF ARGYLL. and was created Earl of Argyll in 14SO. second Lord Campbell. Dunoon. after the Revolution. John. Carrick." he adds. when the regiment was cut to pieces at the battle of Worcester. unless locally designated. as " Argyll the state's whole thunder born to wield. fought at Glenlevat in 1594 suppressed the MacGregors in 1603. 23rd June. became a field-marshal. "and from him. fourth Duke. leaving George. Sir Colin Campbell of Lochawe stormed the Castle of Dunoon from the English. he fought. Archibald. Robertson. The county of Argyll was for ages. "the head of the family of Argyll is called MaeCailean Mhor. and lost his life with his royal master . and their whole policy for ages. Marquis of Kintyre and Lome. "as derogatory to the honour of his country. whose name is therein written Cambel it is for the lands of Ardsonnachan. in the Highlands to this day." In Robertson's Index of Aliasing Charters. Archibald. and was raised to the Peerage in 1445. married Princess Louise in 1S71. who served under Marlborough. of "sundry lands in Argyll . His son. is identical with the Campbell clan tartan. was Governor of Dumbarton. in the Western Isles in 1(514. rose upon the ruins of the Mac Donalds. eighth Duke (died 1900). His son. at the head of the 3(5th Foot. tenth Earl. he lost his head in 1(585. and was one of the best soldiers of his time. second Duke. Sir Colin Mor Campbell. Lament "Cumha 'Mharcuis" ("The Marquis' Lament"). who died in 1700. third Duke. Skipness. His son Archibald. second Earl of Argyll. seventh Duke. Sir Colin Mor Campbell. whose duty it was to rally round the MacCailean jUhor. when the Scottish titles went to his brother Archibald. Clan Pipe Music: March "Baile lonaraora" ("The Campbells are Coming"). it became the most influential in the kingdom." says James " for lands in Argyleshire. was knighted in 12SO by Alexander III." one to the latter of the Isle of Torsa. whose line is now represented by the present family. and was succeeded by his son John. fourth Earl. also Sir Colin. and like his father. without inquiring into his motives. The lighting force of the Campbells was estimated at 5000 claymores in 1745. Lord Inverary. Being without issue. on the authority of Lord Archibald Campbell. Colin. "the clan had become so numerous. " The first crown charter of the Argyll. and High Treasurer of Scotland. a victim of misrule rather than misjudgment. 1471-74. Viscount Lochow and Glenyla. and is the ninth and present Duke. was the immediate progenitor of the families of Ardkinglass. and dated at Arbroaih 10th February 131(5. dated at Kensington. was Colonel of the Horse Scots Guards. He had the Dukedom of Greenwich. whose eldest son John. John. as Lord Campbell. who were bound to assist him in his feuds. by a patent. and was made governor thereof. He commanded in Spain in 1710. and was laid in Kiltnun. who died in 1847..047. the title devolved on his cousin. and five years after. He died in 1761.. ninth Earl). page '23. and the MacDonalds. Ardentinie. His grandson. War Cry: "Cruachan" (A mountain near Loch Awe). or Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Fir Club Moss). the burial-place of his family. Sir Colin.. and. He left two sons. By the time of Robert I.. reduced the Western Highlands to the Royal Authority. Morven and Tirie." says Douglas. George. or MacCailean Mhor branch of the name. was the eldest son of the above-named John Campbell of Mamore. till. 1839). The first of the family ennobled was Sir Duncan who assumed the designation of Argyll. Ghent. Archibald. : ! HE . and in 1701 was created Duke of Argyll. inhabited by this great clan. Campbell Clan. in Nether Lorn. it was not easy to distinguish them. was to supplant and ruin that race. During the minority of David II. and Bruges. according to Martin's Genealogical Collections. by conquest and marriage. by James II. and deserved the character given of him by Pope. The 42nd. etc. was one by King Robert Bruce to his nephew. and John.. sixtli Duke (d. by Robert I. or " Black Watch " tartan. which died with him in 1743. says a writer. was ambassador to England..
6. CHIEF. CAMPBELL. .
Great Britain. obtained the estate of Monzie. or Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Fir Club Moss). he marched to take possession of the patrimony of the Sinclairs. empowered by the Scottish Privy Council. and. Sir Duncan. in 1679. the Scottish Vandyke. but died without heirs. Clan Pipe War Cry: "Cruachan" (A mountain near Loch Awe). Beatrix. and now named Taymouth. Gowrie.CAMPBELL OF BREADALBANE. Lochlan. This sixth Earl died in 1871. John. he obtained the lands of Glenorchy. and Envoy Extraordinary at the Court of Denmark in 1720. who was created Marquess of Breadalbane in 18S5. He married Margaret Stewart (and two other ladies. and others. created a Lord of Parliament in 1445. Dying in 1640. he was succeeded by his brother Sir Robert Campbell. and John. in 1617. was. ancestor of the house of Argyll. daughter of Sir Lachlan Macintosh. Sir Duncan. his fourth son. and Finab. and. OF LOOHOW. a sense of justice prevailed. and Ireland. with whom. father. became ancestress of the Campbells of Lawers and London. of the lands of Glenurchy. and was eminent for his taste He died in 1631. Master of the Horse to the Princess Royal in 1718. who was. and had a son. he fought the bloody battle of Altimarlach. to be related elsewhere." and other portraits " for the hall of Balloch. and became a knight of Rhodes. who were gradually driven out of it by their rivals. in building and planting (Black Book of Taymouth). Over this usurpation. said to have been built by the lady of this first Laird of Glenorchy. Music: March "Bodaich nam brigisean" ("The carles with the breeks")Roid (Wild Myrtle). married Juliana Campbell. subsequently). the Campbells. third son of the above-named Sir Robert Campbell. and his third. seventh of the house of Glenorchy. and died in 1834. previously of Glenfalloch. and John Campbell her spouse. and employed a German painter to paint " thretty brods of the Kings of Scotland. He died in 1782. and. as stated. with the precedency of 1677. in his earlier years. are to be seen the fine ruins of the castle of Kilchurn. was made Keeper of the Forests of Mamlorn. and was created Earl of Caithness in 1677. second Earl of Breadalbane. so called from a Gaelic word said to mean the outlet of a loch. to pacify him. which was at one time the patrimony of the MacGregors. who From his travelled much in foreign countries. and was made a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1625. grandson of Sir Robert. Finglenmore. and Colin. who fell at Flodden. "for the soum of one thousand pounds (Ibid). chief of the Clan Chattan. and was deemed an able statesman in his time . .. was a representative peer. was a man of great capacity. daughter of the Earl of Loudoun." On a rocky point at the east end of Lochawe. the Earldom went to his cousin John of Glenfalloch. a descendant of William Campbell. he was created Earl of Breadalbane and Holland. Sir John Campbell. He was in great favour with King James VII.. previously of Glenfalloch. by a quibble. was a patron of Jameson. his son and successor. and others in establishing the policy of the Church and Government in 1573 . But. in 1681. and his daughter. fifth son of the above-named Sir Robert. was bitterly opposed to the Union. and concerning which a pretty legend is told. who was known as Donacha Dubh na Curraichd. there was a crown charter to "Margaret Glenurchy. third Earl. and outrivalled him in his taste for elegant things. He died in his eighty-first year in 1717. and was succeeded by his son Gavin. 1736-52. by had two sons Archibald. Sit Duncan. Archibald. so far back as the time of David II.. second Marquis. Sir Colin Campbell. when the Earldom went to his distant cousin John. who married Isobel. was joined with the Earls of Morton. in 1580. or Black Duncan of the Cowl. without issue. France. became ancestor of the families of Menzie. or trickery. but he was destitute of all scruple. He was loyal to Charles II. Archibald. Sir Colin. Badge: DUNCAN James 1 successor.. eighth of Glenorchy. By marriage into the family of Toshach. This fourth Earl was created Marquess of Breadalbane in 1831. he built the old Castle of Balloch. his II. leaving a son John. great-grandson of Colin. and it is said he was on the point of joining the Earl of Mar in 1715. His second son became Sir Robert Campbell of Glenfalloch. twelfth of Glenorchy. but he dying without issue in 1K62. seventh Earl.
CAMPBELL OF BREADALBANE. .7.
Her estates held of the crown. but given in Carruther's Hiyhland Note-Book. married Mary. and MacNeills show both his policy and his acknowledged power ! . aud died in 1777. and among some sculpture. and there is a legend connected with it. thus the King bestowed her ward and marriage upon the Earl of Argyll.P. a powerful guardian. on a stone. too long for Cawdor's Hawthorn Tree insertion here. in 1510 a marriage that had many advantages. who married Mary Keith. but. and honourable family. Roid (Wild Myrtle). they brought forward some curious evidence to prove her illegitimate. was created Earl Cawdor and Viscount Emlyn on the 5th October 1827. . who married Muriel. Sir John Campbell was one of the six persons named to manage the Earldom during the young peer's minority. Sir John Campbell resided permanently at Cawdor. being a sister of the Countess of Argyll. and was succeeded by his eldest son. She died in 1573. round which the walls were built. third son of Archibald. the Earl Marischal's. the present Earl. in her twelfth year. is one of the most remarkable baronial edifices in Scotland. who died 1898. Pembrokeshire. and perhaps no other alliance in Scotland could have enabled the young heiress to hold her own among rough and hostile neighbours. being obnoxious to Montrose. son and heir of Sir Alexander Campbell. the precentor of Ross. " Freshness to In one of the dungeons stands a hawthorn tree. and was succeeded by his son John. noble. and was a Lord of the Treasury in 1766. and. His possessions in Argyll were large and increasing. " seeking incessantly to increase his possessions and extend hisinfluence. on the death of the Earl in 15S4. The first Earl died in I860. daughter and heiress of Sir John Cawdor (or Calder) of that Ilk. to set her aside... daughter and co-heir of Lewis Pryse. His son. first of the Campbell line of Cawdov was Sir John Campbell. From 1524 till 1546. He was "a Campbell of the old stamp. if they could. MacDonalds. also inherited Stackpole Court. on his third son. he desired their lands to be ravaged as Spalding records. John. bestowed her as a bride. born in 1817. born in 1847. Lady Cawdor. The Cawdor family did not figure much in Scottish history . represented Nairn in Parliament. second Earl. Pryse Campbell. dated 1510 the year of Muriel's marriage is carved a fox smoking a short tobacco pipe. seventy-five years before Sir Walter HE Raleigh introduced smoking into England. his son and heir. the daughter of an opulent. ." The grim keep of Cawdor. with the MacLeans. But the little Muriel was not unfriended. as Campbells. 1796. " is a family toast. and schemed with Campbell of Lochnel. by the title of Lord Cawdor of Castlemartin and his son. and also their son Archibald. Cawdor Castle has some little mysteries of its own. Apart from its associations with MacBeth.l to seize and keep the boy's person by force. John. Lady Muriel survived him long. John. He seems already to have pretended some right to Isla. The Reformation brought him the accession of the priory lands of Ardchattan. ! . Esq. who.8 CAMPBELL OF CAWDOR. ." says the Book of the Thanes of Cawdor. M. who died in 1408. War Cry: Badge: "Cruachan" (A mountain near Loch Awe). second Earl of Argyll. John Campbell of Cawdor. His treaties with cousins of his own clan. for his own aggrandisement. the year of his death. was elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain. Her uncles resolved. with its turrets and rambling outworks. with the aid of a kinsman. John Frederick the second Baron. resigning her thane<lom in favour of her grandson. after the battle of Auldearn. or Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Fir Club Moss).
8. . CAMPBELL OF CAWOOR.
His second son. James Campbell. in 1633. who were also Earls of Loudoun. at the battle of Fontenoy. obtained a charter of the Red Castle. fighting against Saxe and Lowendhal. the year of her death. a poetess of considerable merit. John. seventeenth of the house of Loudoun (traced in the ancient line). first of the present house of Loudoun was Sir Duncan Campbell. as charters. afterwards Lord Donington. He married Margaret Gordon of the house of Lochinvar. when she became the wife of the Louis XI. and married. Matthew. Margaret. who became Countess of Loudoun. caused some excitement. fourth Earl. Edith Maud. show. and Earl of Loudoun. that. and was succeeded by her son Charles. in 1839. Sir George. who was born at Edinburgh in 1806. His renunciation to flew. with whom she assumed the name and arms of Abney Hastings. died in 1851 and 1S68 respectively. who. Commander-in-Chief in Scotland. the Earl of Moira. HE . the third and fourth marquises. tion. Earl of Eglinton. and. was appointed Colonel of the Scots Foot Guards. High-Sheriff of Ayr. with the lands of Stevenston (Robertson's Index). was created Marquis of Hastings. Sir Matthew Campbell. which covered itself with distinction in the war of Flanders. eleventh Earl. joined King William at the RevoluHe died in 1731. By the heiress of Loudoun. Sir Sohn Campbell of Lawers. His two sons. eldest daughter of MacLeod of Rasay. a major-general. Sir Hugh of Loudoun. and whose somewhat inhumane treatment at Court. in 1423. granted by Robert I. in 1436. fell. His son. he was created Lord Campbell of Loudoun by James VI. future Two Sir George Campbells of Loudoun succeeded. 14th August 1604. attained the highest military honours. who married Flora. both without issue. Master of Loudoun. he created him Lord Farrinyeane and Manchline. " ef the gift of the earl's marriage. consisting of twelve companies. John. dated between 1580 and 1600. and fought for her at Langside. elder brother of the General. commander of the Imperial armies in the close of the last century. Colonel of the Scots Greys. and was the grand-nephew of the mother of the great Sir William Wallace. Roid (Wild Myrtle). Major-General James Mure-Campbell. and in that year raised a regiment of Highlanders. eight years after. by whom he had one child. or Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Fir Club Moss). Sir Duncan was the son of Sir Donald Campbell. who was taken prisoner with David II. This lady was the mother of the lamented Lady Flora Hastings. The Earl was appointed Commander of the forces in America in 1756. daughter and heiress of Sir Reginald Crawford of Loudoun. ii. in England. but was disbanded at Perth in 1748. and the Earldom of Loudoun then went to their sister. who succeeded to all the honours of Loudoun. and married her namesake. and. Flora Mure-Campbell.. died before him." appears in the Eglinton Memorials. he was Commander in Portugal. in 1745. and the first of these was ancestor of the Campbells of Killoch. He died a general in 1782. and possessed a vast estate. He married Susanna. and was kept as such. was one of those appointed to meet King James I. he was Lord High Chancellor of Scotland. General. son of the General named above who fell at Fontenoy. who fell in battle foi< his country in 1303. at the battle of Durham. in 1622.9 CAMPBELL OF LOUDOUN. in 1816. in 1770. settled in Livonia. was High-Sheriff of Ayr. and accompanied the unhappy Princess Margaret to France. ancestor of the Duke of Argyll. Governor of Virginia and of Edinburgh Castle. and unmarried. The Countess died in 1874. his son. War Cry: Badge: "Cruachan " (A mountain near Loch Awe). He became Colonel of the 30th foot. till 1357. Loudoun was converted into a free barony. from the same King Robert. His grandson. and was a Commissioner for the Union in 1707. his son. was a faithful subject to Queen Mary. By a charter. The title thus reverted to his cousin. became a hostage for the King's ransom. and became ancestor of the famous Baron Loudoun. a descendant of the first Baron of Glenorchy. in 1381. afterwards Governor-General of India. The Countess Flora was succeeded by her son George. and who. he had a son Sir (Sir Colin) Andrew Campbell. in 1804. who died 1844. vol. leaving a daughter. and was second son of Cailean-Mhor of the house of Lochow. at Durham. and who was so esteemed by Charles I. two years subsequent. In 1601. In 1745 he was active in the Government service. Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun like all his predecessors. grandson of Sir Colin Campbell. and his grandson. Hugh. who married a Mr Clifton. seventh Earl of Loudoun and second Marquis of Hastings. third Earl of Loudoun.
CAMPBELL OF LOUDOUN.9. .
by Robert II. Alexander Chisholm of Chisholm entailed his estates in Inverness and Roas-shire and : ' . so entirely surrounded by a wreath of hills that the glen seems scooped out on purpose to hold the house and park. in Forfarshire. etc.' His lands are held of the Crown. printed in the "Transaction* of the lona Club. Colin. and ultimately withdrew to France. " Inverness. The name occurs very seldom in Scottish history. A note to the " Geography of the Clans" therein states that "Alexander Chisholm of Strathglass was alive in 1578. though.10 THE CLAN CHISHOLM. died in 1887. after being coadjutor in 1561.. appears in history again. says Balfour. who wasted the revenues of it on his natural children. to Pope Clement VIII. the last "Chisholm. a dignity leserved at the ' HE chieftain of this tribe is not of Union. to the Earl of Buchan of Lochletter." In 1777. when he must have been in extreme old age. and under the Regency of the Duke of Albany there was an indenture between Margaret of Eccles and Thomas of Chisholm. of him. Earl of Argyll. amid superb mountain scenery.") In 1579. Their chief is Chisholm of Strathglass. though in 1429. Bishop James Chisholm." . her son and heir. 25th April 1403 (Robertson's Index"). original Celtic descent." under date 15S7. and John Acheson became caution for 1000 (Reg." In the time of David II. It stands a little below the confluence of the Glass and the Farrar. curious to say. by the king's orders. Three of the clan were in succession Bishops of Dunblane. The Pope. William Chisholm. John Chisholm was Comptroller of the Artillery. a Scotts man. James Chisholm of Cromlix (son of the Bishop) was Master of the Household to James VI.. and there is a charter. 1369 . The castle is a venerable whitewashed old tower. Walter Chistiolm of that Ilk is referred to in the " violations of the assurances of peace between the Scotts and Elliots" (Ibid). "to the descendants of that old chief. he enters the surname thus " Chisholms. The place is beauty personified. and their stronghold was Erchless Castle in Strathglass. the whole tribe are the descendants of a pure Gaelic race. then Bishop of Weasone. In I486. anno 1613. and The Chisholm. to obtain a cardinal's hat for Chisholm. under pain of Council). It is dated at Kinrossie. "and still belongs. the Scottish Secretary of State was challenged in England. He was much emplo3'ed in political affairs at foreign courts. in Perthshire. in France. and he can bring out 200 men." the name of Chisholm of Comer appears. the ex-Bishop of Dunblane. "It would seem that in ItjOS James. to_this day the picturesque old fortalice of Erchless is still in existence. In 1581. who said there were hut three persons in the world entitled to be called 'The' The King. chaplain to James III.' and other such phrases. particularly Sir James Chisholm of Cromlix.. witnessed a crown charter at Perth in the thirty-ninth year of the King's reign. Perthshire. which almost wronged the king's honour" (" Annales"). Inchbrennys. His nephew. where he was made Bishop of Vaison (Beatson's "Index. knight. a most irreverend prelate. by the resignation of Robert Cheshelm (sic) . Clan Pipe Music: Lament Badge: "Cum ha do dh' Uilleam Siseal" ("Lament for William Chisholm"). in which letter he styles the Pope 'Beatissime Pater. in Gaelic called Chisallich." In 1598 the name of William.. In the Report on the Clans. became Bishop of Dunblane in 1564. Alexander Chisholm's great-grandson. Robert Chisholm. "concerning some letter written by him in 1598. Invernessshire. that "he would behave himself as a good and loyal subject. Lord Balmerino. In the " Roll of the Landisloidis and Baillies. was appointed Master heritably. and Aberdeenshire. furnished to Government by Duncan Forbes." says Miss Sinclair. or Raineach (Fern). Roderick.. resigned the See in favour of his brother William in 1527. brother to the Laird of Crouneriggas." and that "John Chisholm of Comer is mentioned.. Fearna (Alder). dividing between them certain lands of which they were heirs-portioners.
. . ^^^^ ' B9 111 : ^>^S^ k^^ 10 CHI8HOLM. ..' ' : MMI .
remembered his great-grandfather. going to church with his twohanded sword and his servant." Gaelic song. who walked behind with his bow and case of arrows. a mixture of black.11 THE CLERGY. Donald Macleod of Skye. Even the clergymen armed themselves. or Tartan of the clergy." says Mr Smith of Mauchline." says Logan. with light blue or white stripes. he adds. alludes to this practice. "In those times. "when the Highlanders went armed both to kirk and market. The Rev. dark blue. and even now the secular mantle or plaid of the priesthood in the North is not unfrequently made of this or similar kinds of stuff. the gentlemen took their gillie-mor or swordbearer with them." It is also included in the lists of Tartans sold at the present time. "this pattern was generally used by the clergy in the Highlands for their weekday habiliments." "Down to a very recent period. who lived about forty years ago. is referred to by Logan in his "Scottish Gael. where it is said HE Sreacan nan A "John is girt with his sword at sermon. who was also a clergyman. ClciricJ/." . in compliance with the national custom.
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The Castle of the ruins of which abut on the Clyde. who was governor of Dumbarton Castle during the minority of James II. a herald. and left a son. and was mulcted in the sum of 9000 sterlin. destruction of houses and woods. "all stately fellows with short hose " each with a and belted plaids. and resuming that name. a claymore by his side. unmarried." the following year was slain by a cannon ball during that siege in which the famous figured.. He received a giant of the lands of Roseneath. in 170 married James Grant of Pluscardine. In 1477 he was appointed governor for life of Dumbarton daughter of Edward IV.ie Macfarlanes" his brother's slaughter. dying the same year. He died in Ii35. fifth Baronet of Colquhoun and Luss.12 THE CLAN COLQUHOUN Badge : Braoileag nan con (Dogberry). or Calltuinn (Hazel). Sir Humphry Colquhoun. and that the estates of Grant and Luss should never be conjoined. whose son Sir John Colquhoun. Sir Ludovick Grant. to his daughter and son-in-law in fee providing that their heirs should adopt the name and arms of Colquhoun. and is now the property of Buchanan of Dunglass. and married a daughter of Lord Boyd. Sir Humphry. . and slain with 120 of his men. who. who succeeded as Sir John ColHe was a man of ability. . daughter of the Earl of Glencairn. Antiq ) He was made a Baronet of Nova Scotia by Charles I. was a member of the Union Parliament and married a daughter of Houston of that Ilk by whom he had only a daughter. heirschips theiftis riefs. that he had been urged by the Privy Council to submit with t. his charter to his son of those lands in the beginning of the reign of King Robert I. a second of Kilpatrick. etc. second son of Grant of that Ilk and being resolved that the young couple should succeed him in his whole estate and honours. Patrick and Adam Colquhoun. reign of Alexander II. It would appear at one time that there were three brandies of this family Colquhonn of that Ilk.. in 1625. and in " Mons ile. In 1474 Sir John was Great Chamberlain of Scotland. ancestor of surname of Colquhoun was Humphry Kirkpatrick. and was Comptroller of quhoun. through the influence of a certain nobleman whom he had disobliged. the above Humphry's successor. and obtained a new grant. was succeeded in the estate of Luss by succeeded his second son. His son.. who was created a Baronet in 1 S6. Laird of Luss. Sir Robert. James. Trials). great-grandfather of the present Sir James. and that he had obtained a decree to the amount of "Ixxij thousand poindis" Scots against them (Scot. and lands of Barinneheurie were bestowed on Isabel of Athole. . to himself in life-rent. who died in 1493. Ingram. Sir James. HE He was succeeded by his son. and obtained. in whose favour Malduin. with a knife and dirk in his belt. Malcolm. Journ. a handsome target with a sharp-pointed steel in the centre of it. . He was lured into an ambush by Lauchlan MacLean and other Islesmen. acquired the Heritable Coronership of Dumbartonshire in 1583. Gilbert Culquhen." Sir Humphry died in 1715. under the Great Seal. to Malcolm. also succeeded to the estates of Grant. and a third of Luss. . who. including several gentlemen and burgesses of Dumbarton and was afterwards killed in his own Castle of Benachra "by the MacFarlanes. Anne. confirming John. the Exchequer from 1^65 to 1469. ds In that year. grants charter of the lauds of Colchoun in the reign of Alexander II. in 1704 he resigned his baronetcy to the Crown. on which occasion he assumed the name and arms ol Colquhoun. In the same rein a charter was given to Malcolm Culchone of Cask. and oppressions. grants of several lands and baronies in Dumbartonshire. obtained a charter of the ten of pound lands" Donnerbuck In April 160S he wrote to James VI. was succeeded by his son. allColquhounsof that Ilk and Luss. "murtheris. Laird of Luss. and was succeeded in turn by his son Sir John. With regard to the it appears that in the Kilpatrick line. James Grant succeeded as Sir James Colquhoun but his elder brother dying without issue in 1719 he to the estates of Grant." fire-raising. with fifty of his surname. well-fixed gun on his shoulder. Sir Humphry Colquhoun. was forfeited. and was a commissioner for that futile scheme a marriage between the Crown Prince of Scotland and Cecily.bv Cromwell a lar^e sum in those days. who was knighted by James IV. succeeded each other." says Ray. seventeenth Laird of Luss. Auchintorlie. Earl of Lennox. . In the Loch Lomond Expedition against Rob Roy Sir Humphry was joined by James Grant. predeceased him. till we come to Sir John." He was succeeded by his brother Sir Alexander. Castle. by whom he had no family He fought the bloody battle of Gleufruin against the MacGregors in 1602. But there were others of the name in those early times . and Sir Humphry. and that of Luss went to his younger brother. . Earl of Lennox. Grim. and all other slaughters. He endured many hardships during the English invasion of Scotland. being so designed in a charter of Luse by Malcolm. under David II. on the death of his elder brother. in which he was defeated with the loss of 200 men. in the year of Glenf ruin. twelfth Laud of Luss. belonged also to the Colquhouns. The first who assumed the surname of Colchoun was Ingram. and a pistol or two. Humphry. Umphredus de Kilpatrick obtained a grant of the lands and barony of Colquhoun in Dumbartonshire. brothers of the Laird of Luss were tried for the slaughter of William Stirling of Giorat (Pit. He married Jean. and.
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and sister of King John Baliol. first of the title. who got the lands of Inverallochy from Earl Alexander. favoured the rival claims of John Baliol. The slaughter of the Red Cumin by Bruce inspired the whole clan with a desire to avenge Ms death. but. He founded a hospital at Turriff in 1272 for thirteen poor men of Buchan. and on her death became a somewhat unscrupulous competitor for the crown of Scotland "as the son and heir of John. was High Constable of Scotland. in the south-east district of Inverness-shire wild. Badge: Lus Mhic Cuimin (Cumin Plant). . In 1142 William was preferred to the See of Durham by the Empress Maud. A . leaving by his wife. a kinsman of his. and his forfeited estates were bestowed on the Keiths. a son. by whom his brother Walter was created Earl of Menteith on his marriage to the heiress of that family. last Lord of Badenoch of the surname of Cumin. who succeeded to the name and arms of Gordon by intermarriage. leaving two sons. the Red Cumin (or Comyn). as one of the sis regents. was one of the regents appointed on the death of Alexander III. Earl William. the Lord of Badenoch. from 10SO to 1330. mountainous. designed Lord of Tynedale. and one of the arbiters on the part of Baliol. son of Hextilda. and was ambassador from Alexander II. he was on the point of betraying Robert Bruce to the latter. daughter of Alexander III. he agreed to her marriage with the eldest son of Edward 1. His son John. and with his clansman. was inferior to no subject in Scotland for wealth and power and was one of those who vowed to support Queen Margaret. in 1290. became. From John all tue Cumins in Scotland are said to be descended. says Sir Robert Douglas. Edward. in 1177. His only son married a daughter of the Earl of Pembroke. now poorly inhabited. ambitious dissembler. In 1335 a number of the Cumin clan were slaiu in the feudal battle of Culblean. and then began to decline. where a stone now marks the spot. Though some deduce them from Normandy. to Louis IX. is well known to every reader of history. They opposed the King. an artful. the first one of the name who figures prominently was slain with Malcolm III. This old race is now represented by the Gordon-Cummings. and Douglasses. Hays. daughter and heiress of Gothrick. called in turn the Red Cumin.. which did not prevent the Lord of Badenoch from swearing fealty to the foe in 1292 (Rymer) Five years after he died a prisoner in England. . Baronets of Gordonstoun. now in ruins. and how he perished under the daggers of Bruce and Kirkpatrick. it is said. with whom he acquired a vast estate. and died without heirs but Jordanus Cumin. his son.. in her title to the crown. fourth Earl of Buchan. The Earl was outlawed. of France in 1240. was the first who was designed Lord of Badenoch. who was son of Richard. |HE country of this once powerful clan was Badenoch. in pursuance of his nefarious schemes against Scotland. daughter of John. and in her right became Earl of Buchan in 1220. they would seem to have come from Northumberland and. against all mortals . had married the heiress of Fergus. John. and another in the Parish of Foveran. ancestors of the Cumins of Culter. For 250 years. through the Cummings of Altyre. in Glenmuick. who became Lord of Badenoch. son and heir of Donald. He was Great Justiciary of Scotland in 1220 under Alexander II. . John and William. and pursued them as far as Fyvie. called the Black Lord of Badenoch. they flourished in strength. who. panderer to the King of England. whose good swords had helped to win the battle of Bannockburn. King of Scotland. and presenting wide stretches of bleak moorland. last of the old Earls of Buchan. who defeated them at Barra in 1308.13 THE CLAN OF CUMIN. third Earl of Buchan. in the church He was the of Dumfries. got a charter of these lands from James III. Alexander. according to the Chronicle of Melrose. founded the Abbey of Deer. was Justiciary for Scotland. Sir John. at Alnwick in 1093. another Cumin. son of William. The line of the Earl of Buchan continued to flourish. Prior to this. on the 10th of February 130t>.
so vividly described by Sir Walter Scott in the "Fair Maid of Perth. who came down to Badenoch.-Salute " " Failte Thighearna Thulaich ("Tulloch's Salute") Badge: Bocsa. Clan Pipe Music . who drew up in battle array to oppose the further progress of the enemy. armed with swords only. . A dispute now arose between the MacPhersons and the Davidsons as to which clan should lead the right wing. who recited a poem in which it was insinuated that they left the field from cowardice. by the Macintoshes. The Clan Chattan was engaged in a war respecting the lands of Glenluie and Locharcaig with the Camerons. The MacPhersons immediately attacked the Camerons. was appealed to and awarded the point of honour to the Davidsons." One of the MacPhersons was absent. He bore a scriptural name. beautiful estate of Tulloch in Ross-shire. As it was impossible to reconcile them. and seven (or nine) sons at this battle of Invernahaven.14 THE CLAN DAVIDSON (CLANN DHAIBHIDH). is the residence of the chief. His Majesty Robert III. with ten desperately wounded Macphersons. who were defeated with great slaughter. Cluny. Henry. or Craobh aighban (Boxwood). fought in 1316. about 1206. it has been almost lost sight of. and felt indignant that the award of precedency should be disregarded both parties were so implacable that the Earls of Crawford and Dunbar were sent by royal commission to quell it. The Camerons being thus reduced. or Lus nan craimsheag. the disappointed chief. MacPhersons. and the Clan Chattan thus weakened was defeated. the MacDhais and MacPhersons commenced hostilities on their own account. and MacDhais. They distinguished themselves throughout the fourteenth century by the protracted and sanguinary feuds which they maintained with such bravery and determination that they were almost exterminated before they could be effectually suppressed. Harry. not from a sense of honour. but his place was filled by a volunteer. braoileag (Red Whortleberry). This led to the battle of the North Inch of Perth. Macintosh. The former had lost their chief. immediately withdrew his men. and "the offspring of David" became numerous and powerful in Badenoch. Lachlan. remained masters Since this epoch in the history of the clan. The of the field. JHERE seems to be no traditional knowledge of the individual from whom the patronymic of this clan is derived. in great force. who is hereditary keeper of the Royal Castle of Dingwall. It is said that Macintosh sent a bard to the camp of the MacPhersons. to decide their claims. They were met at Invernahaven. . by swimming across the Tay. where their possessions lay. in person being umpire. the blacksmith The result was that twenty-nine Davidsons were killed. it was arranged that thirty men on each side should be selected. the snrvivor saving himself of the wynd. who had the chief command.
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eighth. Lord of Douglas. first Earl of Douglas. and Solway. was the father of another Sir William. and Baron Penrhyn Sir William.15 THE DOUGLAS FAMILY. : . but the first recorded William of Douglas. Forfar. Earls of March. etc. Ormond. He was either the brother or the brother-in-law of Sir between 1175 and 1213. and ninth Earls of Douglas. George. and Chatellerault. held the title of Lords of Douglas but in 1357. . fell at Otterburn in 1388. descended the Earls of Morton. and through her Lord Torphichen. is known as the greatest captain of Bruce in the long war of independence. who was father of James. from whom descended Douglas of Cavers. William. second Earl of Douglas and Mar. his name became a terror to the border country. and Barons Glenbervie. Viscount Belhaven. William the Hardy. He possessed lands in one English and seven Scottish counties. between 1190 and 1232. Marquesses of Douglas. was victor in fifty-seven fights. Ruglin. and Brice rose to be Bishop of Moray. and a canon of Glasgow. His second son. Hugh." as he was called. James of Sandilands. His son James. He died in 13S4. He joined Wallace in the rising against the English in 1297. the name being derived from the wild pastoral dale he posHe appears as a witness to charters by the King and the Bishop of Glasgow sessed. His son."Du"mbarton. seventh. is now the heir general and representative at common law of the House of Douglas. the conqueror of Hotspur. from whom descended the Dukes of Douglas. who was the father of William. when on his way to Jerusalem. Earl of Angus. the first Earl of Douglas. second Earl. there to deposit the heart of his royal friend Bruce. Earl of Ormond (2) Hugh (3) Archibald. and the next killed fighting against the Moors in Andalusia. he was His Bon William fell at Halidon Hill. apparently the son of Sir Archibald. since the time of estates of the family in 1342 to his nephew Sir William. In 1330. of whom Archibald. and had six sons. the Good Sir James. first and second Dukes of Touraine. Sir William. Hamilton. are many legends of the origin of this powerful family. who had three sons (1) the Good Sir James. brother of Lord James. His aunt had married for her second husband one of her brother's esquires. sixth. fourth. "The Black Douglas. Freskin of Murray. who had two sons from the younger. spoiled the monks of Melrose. and the elder. and deforced the King's officers in the execution of a judgment in favour of his mother. Brandon. had also a natural son. is . (6) Archibald. distinguished in family traditions as William the Hardy. was made Earl of Douglas. etc. . Sir William of Douglas. claiming as a descendant of the Baliols and Comyns. Sir Andrew. from whom descended the third (illegitimate). and as he left no legitimate issue. the direct male line of William the Hardy and the Good Sir James now came to an end.. In 1371 he disputed the succession of the Scottish crown with Robert II. : . This second Earl had two natural sons (a) William. who had fought at Poitiers. from whom descended the Dukes of Queensberry and Dover. ?HERE . Earls of Selkirk. . William of Douglas was father of Sir Archibald Douglas. and was knighted. was his Archibald is a witness to charters heir. and by marriage became Earl of Mar. whose barony was a creation of Queen Mary in 15(54. or Erkenbald. made over the great The Douglases had. fifth. figures in records from 1240 to 1273.
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created Earl of Melfort. Stobhall. Balfrone had been bestowed upon Thomas. Clan Pipe Music: March righ. Lord Maderty. the rightful heir to the English throne but the ship in which the latter with his mother Agatha and his sisters Margaret and Christian were embarked in. second titular Duke. and followed the fortunes of the He died at St. Patrick. was overtaken by a storm. Their daughter Annabella became Queen of Robert III. and was created Duke of Melfort by Louis XIV. was ten years after bestowed upon the first Lord Drummond. and after Bannockburn received from him certain lands in Perthshire. or Badge : Lus an " "Spaidsearachd Dhiuc Pheairt" ( Duke of Perth's March"). in which his kinsman. K. attempted to revenge the death of James III. now called St. says Douglas. was slain in 1330. and other places. He had a bitter feud with the Menteiths of Ruskie. Near the seat of Lord Ancaster in Muthil.G. and that from their son Malcolm all the Drummonds in Scotland are descended. who became the Queen of Malcolm III. He died 1715. had three sons James. . William. though ennobled by James. who gave the patronage of the church then to the Abbey of Inchaffry. as Malcolm Beg. had. . or Drymen. third and fourth titular Dukes. being succeeded in the Melfort titles by his daughter. 1605. 1680. third Earl. ancestor of the Viscounts Strathallan. Queen Margaret. who married a daughter of Graham of Kincardine. It remained in the Drummond or Perth family 130 years. fifth Duke. before 1305. was succeeded by his brother John. second This Earl left two sons. married Ada. and was interred in the Scottish College at Paris. in 14S9. He died 1720. James. a younger brother of the chief. Sir Malcolm Drummond. daughter of Walter. "The Barony of Drummond.16 THE CLAN DRUMMOND. son of George. Earl. gave him one of her maids of honour in marriage. in Stirlingshire. by Beatrice. second Duke. in compensation for whicli he was compelled to resign Roseneath. from whom Maurice obtained a grant of the lands of Drummond. second Lord. Earl of Menteith. and serve in his army against France but his eldest son. married Mary Montifex. created Lord Maderty. fourth Earl of Perth. third Lord. the descendant of James. The fifth and sixth titular Dukes were younger sons of the first." says Ximmo. of France. sold it to William. was Lord Chancellor of Scotland. and John. third Duke. sixth of the family. James. to swear fealty to the latter. joined second Earl of Perth. Stuarts. " How the Drummonds parted with the lands of Drymen has been forgotten. who was restored by Queen Victoria to the Scottish honours of his family as fourteenth Earl of Perth and sixth Earl of Melfort in 1853. and Leon. being created by James "VII. James. under compulsion. and James. who is said to have accompanied Edgar Atheling. so called from his low stature. Earl of Lennox. Lady Marie Drnmmond. in honour of tho eldest princess. to sail back to Hungary. the Lord High Steward. James. Bryce Urummond.. a younger son of Andrew. who was father of George Drummond. who brought him Cargill. and when this nobleman It had. who died 1571. fourth Earl of Perth. John. had before 1488 belonged to the first Earl of Lennox. and in pursuance of which he was accused of having slain three of the Menteiths. who died 1754. There is every probability that at an early stage of their history the Drummonds had reached opulence and influence. After this he retired to his lady's seat of Stobhall. first Earl of Melfort. he lost the barony by forfeiture. the estate from whence his family took their name. which still goes by that name. who was created Earl of Perth. died in 1510. and was succeeded by his son David. His eldest son. first Lord Drummond. and dying in 1611. third Lord Drummond. and was succeeded by his son John. : race. leaving two sons. who was succeeded in his turn in 1662 by his son James. fourth Lord. Charles Edward. Sir John." Duke of Perth. Margaret's Hope. and wrecked at the place on the Forth. daughter of Malduin." John. eleventh Viscount Strathallan. and in the Perth titles by his distant kinsman. had the insurgents. fourth Duke. who. who both died unmarried. The Earldom of Perth then went to the Melfort branch of the family (see above). second son of the second Baron Drummond. when in 1C30 John. Germains in 1716. still stand the ruins of the stronghold of this ancient I ARIOUS . His son James. Lus mhic righ Bhreatuinn (Wild Thyme) or Cuileann (Holly). Two of his grandsons became the prisoners of Edward 1. was loyal to Bruce. His grandson. had two sons.. genealogists state that the traditional origin of the Drummonds is taken from Maurice. He died in 1902. Patrick. being succeeded by his sons James and John. and the eldest.. King of Hungary. Sir John. followed the fortunes of the Stuarts. was out in the rising of 1715 and was attainted.
His grandson is the present Sir Robert Dundas of Arniston. and his grandson is Lawrence. His direct descendant in the fifteenth century was James Dundas. third Earl. By his first marriage he had Robert. We now return to the Dundases of Fingask. Sir William. whose great-grandson was created a Baronet. ancestor of the Dundases of Newliston. whose great-grandson is the present Thomas George Dundas of Carron Hall and Fingask. By his first marriage he had Sir Walter. whose present representative is Henry. who was father of Sir James. and (3) Walter. We will now give an account of the Arniston branch of the family. By his second marriage he had Henry. leaving a son. the present head of the family (2) William. and by his second marriage he had Sir James. The above-named Sir James was the father of another Sir James. ancestor of the Dundases of Blair . who was twice married. and (2) Charles. whose direct descendant in the sixth degree was Thomas Dundas. was living in the time of King William the Lion. 1794. second Baron. created Baron Dundas of Aske. and also of William. father of another Robert. was created Earl of Zetland. Thomas and Lawrence of Kerse. who was twice married. 1513. fifth Viscount. who also became Lord President. third Baronet. created Viscount Melville 1802. whose direct descendant is Adam Duncan Dundas of Inchgarvie House. and Duncan. By his second marriage he had a son. 1832. who had two sons. ancestor of the Dundases of Magdalens. had three sons (I) George. who was twice married. ERLE DE DUNDAS . and was father of Sir Thomas. who became Lord Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer. Lord President of the Court of Session.17 DUNDAS. who was created Marquis of Zetland in 1S92. Robert. first of Fingask. By his first marriage he had Sir Archibald. This Sir James Dundas of Dundas was twice married. and who was father of Robert. Sir Walter. The last-named Thomas had also two sons (1) Thomas. 1838. 1821. The above-named Lawrence of Kerse was created a Baronet. created a baronet 1898. ancestor of the Dundases of Duddingston and Manour. created Lord Amesbury. . His son Lawrence. The eldest son. By his first marriage the Lord President had a son. 1762. By his second marriage he had Alexander of Fingask. was father of another Alexander who fell at Flodden. James. ancestor of the Dundases of Arniston. Alexander. and is now represented by Sir Sydney Dundas of Dunira. The abovenamed Sir Archibald died about 1494.
17. . DUN DAS.
the eldest. Arkleton. and Stobs. Braidlie. 1784. was father of Gilbert Elliot. who successfully defended Gibraltar for three years (1779-83) against the whole power of France and Spain. but died unmarried 17S6 and also of the celebrated General George Augustus Elliot. fourth son of the above-named Gilbert Elliot of Stobs. The present Earl is the fifth. and his son Jol m was created Earl of St. The chief of the clan was of Redhench. second Baron. .18 ELLIOT. was ancestor of the Baronets of Stobs also of John Elliot. Lord Justice Clerk. General Elliot was created Lord Heathfield.D. whose great grandson Gilbert.. who was created a Baronet. 1813. Gilbert Elliot of Stobs. 1778. after having been Governor-General of India. Germans. who died leaving several sons. but the title became extinct on the death of his son Francis. 1815. William. There is also an English family of Eliots belonging to Devon and Covnwall. Elliots were an important family in the south of Scotland. Germans. and some other branches of the family were designed as of LarriOf the last named branch came ston. was created Earl of Minto. Baron Gibraltar. Of this family Edward Oaggs Eliot was created Baron Kliot of St. Physician to the Prince of Wales. M. Horsliehill. created a Baronet 1700. . Gavin Elliot of Midlem Mill. 1813. HE . The present and fourth Earl is his great-grandson. 17S7.
thirteenth Earl of Keilie (son of the twelfth Earl). . who married and left two sons. Christian. was the father of another Charles. fourth Lord. Alexander Wedderburn. and daughter of Sir John Menteith by Elyne. Lord Cardross. and Malcolm. Beatrix. twenty-second or sixth Earl. is well known in connection with the Scottish rising His descendant John Francis Miller. and his son Walter John is now twelfth Earl of Mar and fourteenth Earl of Kellie. Thomas. elder son. created daughter of his step-mother by her first husband. Chamberlain of Scotland. sixth Lord Erskine. last (twenty-fifth or ninth) Earl. the second son. Lord Chancellor of England. created Earl of tenth Earl.19 ERSKI IR N E. . John. i. twenty-fifth or ninth Earl. 1829 the Kellie. He died in 1572 and was succeeded by his son John as eighteenth or second Earl. son. and from the brother of the twelfth Earl come the Lords Erskine.e. Doubts have arisen about the verdict of 1875. Sir Robert married. ROBERT ERSKINE. ancestor of the Erskines of Dun. had a son. 1350-57. we turn to his second marriage by which he had a number of sons (1) James. and had issue. and his descendants still enjoy this title. John. Thomas. 1095. He died in 1S8S. or' Kinnoull. From the twelfth Earl the present Earl the third descends. was in 1565 created Earl of Mar. Robert. (2) Henry. seventh Earl of Mar. who thus became twenty-sixth Earl of Mar. secondly. his heir. the younger. Lord Erskine. Robert. and this title ended in his descendants and his eighth Earl. the other claimant mentioned above. sixth Baronet. Sir Alexander Erskine of Gogar. and John. married Janet Keith. was created Earl of Buchan. Lord Erskine. successfully claimed the earldom . was killed at the battle of Flodden. and was succeeded by his son James as fifth Lord. Sir Robert's eldest son by first marriage. descendant the fourth Lord became ninth Earl of Buehan. had made out his claim to the earldom of Mar. created a Baronet. and his great-great-grandson (by his first marriage) of 1715. eighteenth or second Earl of Mar. The great-grandson of Robert. Having now completed the account of the descendants of the first marriage of John. was the father of James. This nobleman was twice married. widow of Sir Edward Keith. ancestor of the Erskines tif whom he had two sons. whose line became extinct on the death of Methven. daughter of Gratney. the House of Lords in 1885 passed an Act by which the ancient dignity of Mar of 1404 or earlier. Thomas. became vested in John Francis Erskine Goodeve Erskine. eldest. the inherited the Earldom of Rosslyn from his maternal grandfather. and widow of Archibald Douglas. the on the death of William. or was restored as seventeenth Earl of Mar by Queen Mary. daughter of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Crawford. In 1875 the House of Lords decided that Walter Henry. married first. whose descendant. dated 1560. (3) Charles.
James of Inverey. or Lus-nam-ban-sith (Foxglove). etc. who died in 1806." The Laird of 1748 died in 1750. with the The country people gave him forest of Stratherin. and gave him the lands of Peaty and Brachley. tc. " No " is more characteristically adapted place that I have seen in Scotland. War Cry Badge: . and four years after he was serving at the head of his clan in the battles of Montrose. and in a letter of Lord Lewis Gordon is referred to as commanding "The Aboyne Batallion. One of them was Shaw of Rothiemurchus. and from his brother David of Monaltrie's three sons. where he was kept " till. a numerous clan on the banks of the Dee. who says their Gaelic patronymic is lanla. Inverey. bearer of the Royal Standard. was slain at Pinkie in 1547. all around are vast birch woods and firs. and Finzean are descended. Catharine. third Earl of Fife. and was succeeded by his son James. in 1649. John." In 1704 their strength was 700 men. In 1748 the Laird of Invercauld gave the Government a ninety-nine years' lease of the Castle of Braemar as a military station but it has long since ceased to be occupied by troops. who carried on the line of the family .2O THE CLAN FARQUHARSON. was ordered by Parliament to levy a body of armed men to secure Angus and the Mearns. in the expedition against the Murrays in the province of Moray in 1163. to the residence of a Highland chief than Invercauld. "Cam na cuimhne" ("Cairn of Remembrance. who trace their origin from the German Catti. i HE . The former of these is the chief of his name. Monaltrie. origin and descent of this tribe are given thus in Buchanan's Rise of the Clans: " Farquharson.. Their great-grandson is the present Alexander Farquharson of Invercauld. are descended the Faiquharsons of Invercauld. who took the name of Farquharson. Findlay Mor Farqharson of Invercauld. he adds. or Clan Chattan. which belonged to the rebels. Inverey. By his wife Beatrix Gordon he left a son.N." In 1696 John Farquharson entailed his estate of Invercauld and other lands in the shire of The righting force of the clan in 1745 was estimated at 500 men by Forbes of Aberdeen. Thane of Fife. Ros-greine (Little Sunflower). their Phylarch. MacDnif. who married Captain James Ross. From Farqubard Shaw. Annales). For his valour Malcolm made him Governor of Inverness. was fined 4000 (Scots'?). In 1(541 Farquharson of Invercauld (who bore a prominent part in the Scottish civil wars of the period). and in his seventy-third year was thrown into the Tolbooth of Edinburgh. whose " offspring settled in Strathdee. or Thanes-son. for having failed to attend a summons ot the Committee of Estates in 1047. In that year Monaltrie was "out" with Culloden. and left a daughter. of which Mr Farquharson has planted incredible numbers. second son of Constantine. which glides silently and majestically through the valley . his chief. His kinsman. which continued to his progeny. and were named Farquharson. R. the name of Macintosh. (Balf. "says Dr Stodciart. afraid to perish in so horrible a den. . the families of Allanacoich."). had an ancestor named Sheagh or Shaw Mac Duff. yet some of them claimed the name of Shaw. This Sheagh was captain under Malcolm IV. he at length succeeded in attracting some charitable attention from the Estates. It stands on a rising ground not far removed from the bank of the Dee.
I m^ i 20. . FARQUHARSON.
is a charter by Thomas. Robert went to London as an Independent minister. leaving the Right Honourable Sir James Fergusson. The Fergussons. sixth Baronet. and in 1008. and 93rd Regiments.S. Among the earlier occurrences of the name. At the Reformation. a General. Robert Cutlar Fergusson. born in the same year. born in 1808 . LL. At the Revolution he was rewarded for his rogueries by an appointment in the Excise.D the great historian and moral philosopher. but always contrived to elude punishment. one known as " Robert the Plotter. C. Bart. to Eugene Fergusson of the lands of Uchtevterene. and clan of Fergusson have. apparently the oldest line of the family. with Erskine of Dun and others. the eminent self-taught philosopher. many . and fined 3000 merks. third Baronet.. Earl of Mar. shire (Act Pnrl. and his grandson was Lord Kilkerran. William Fergusson. the architect. was an eminent painter in still life. "The Whistle. and wrote against his Government with great effect. when a distribution of Preachers was made in 1560. he commanded the Highland Brigade.). and led the charge which put the enemy to flight. when John Fergusson of Stravith. he took to plotting against William III. In 1587 Fergusson of Craigdarroch (or Craigdarnoch). He was succeeded by his son Charles." and his brother. figures in Burns' well-known poem. James. the accomplished scholar. Among his publications were a Vindication He died in 1714. Another of the village. Adam Fergusson. born in 1710. and their descendant.i. His brother James Fergusson. was summoned before the Council for having been in rebellion against the King. .I. F. Four years previously there had been a complaint against him and others in a case of disputed jurisdiction between the Kirk and the civil power. They were sons of the Laird of Badyfarow. " In 1649 " John Fergusson of Cragdare (darroch) was Commissioner in Parliament for DumfriesI HE name . Baronets of Farm. 72nd. born in 1724 Robert Fergusson. consisting of the 71st. a History of the Revolution. James Fergusson. and James VII. and he joined in every scheme against Charles II. Sir Adam Fergusson. . according to Burke. and is mentioned with honour in the Blenheim Despatches. died in 1813.." Brigadier General Fergusson bore a distinguished part at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope . born in 1750 . or Lus-nam ban sith (Foxglove). with Sir William Scott of Balwearie and others.. Scot. so famed in Scottish song.. James Fergusson. though many of the clan abode in Glenshee. concerning the grievances of the Church. a Major-General of 1705. with Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar and others." of Maxwellton.G.C. of the Colony at Dat-ien. . in Aberdeenshire. "Annie Laurie.S. and took an active part in conspiracies. David Fergusson was appointed to Dumfermline and in 1582.21 THE CLAN FERQUSSON. and being dissatisfied. K. he formed one of a deputation to James VI. singular to say. the unfortunate poet. became the wife of Fergusson of Craigdarroch . witnessed a bond of Manrent. among others. but failed to make good his title. who died in 1S3S. name. He travelled in Italy and France. near Inverury. Two of the clan. been more distinguished in times of peace than those of war and tumult. Badge: Ros-greine (Little Sunflower). went there from Scotland 280 years ago. and was succeeded by his nephew. He led the attack on the His descendants still possess lands at Kimmundy.. served with distinction under Marlborough. the famous Ryehouse Plot but he escaped detection once by hiding in the Tol'oooth of Edinburgh. fifth Baronet. under David II. in Cromar . third Baronet. claimed the Earldom of Glencairn. who died in 184'. G. Sir John Fergusson of Kilkerran held extensive estates in Ayrshire in the time of Charles I. Sir Adam. and died in 1690.M. and Sir William Fergusson. Tyrone. came prominently forward in the early part of the 17th century. etc. fourth Baronet. have all cast a lustre on this clan and surname. His son John was made a Baronet in 1703.R. etc.
s 21. . FERGU880N..
Earl of Buchan. who.22 THE CLAN FORBES. and was (says MacFarlane) the father of Fergus. and from the three younger. OXCERNIXG the origin of this clan. the first upon record. ancestor of the Forbesses of Corsindse and Monymusk. as Baron Forbes about 1442. in 1SS4 succeeded his kinswoman as Lord NSempill. dated 1236. a very old branch. and had three sons . to attend him with three armed horsemen against all mortals. and living long Three families now clain the title. fourth Lord. from Duncan of Corse. Battle of Glen Eurann"). put his buff coat and a bloody scarf about him. His name appears in a charter of Alexander. Baronets of Craigievar. and were progenitors of the Lairds of Culloden. ancestor of the Forbesses. The fortunes of this house were probably consumed in the fever of the Darien Scheme (like many other good old Scottish families). Culloden. a branch of the old House. with his usual barbarity.. The posthumous son of the latter. who fell at the battle of Dupplin in 1332.. now Lord Sempill. Baronets of Craigievar. of the parent stock. fourth Lord Forbes. seems to have been a man of importance in the time of William the Lion. and also of the Earls of Granard. . Sir Alexander Forbes of Tolquhoun commanded a troop of cavalry in the Scots army at Worcester and when the King's horse was shot. and Robert III. and died in 1406. and is now represented by Horace. Sir Alexander of that Ilk. nineteenth Lord Forbes. Baronets. Ugston of that Ilk. William. sprang the Forbesses of Pitsligo. who withheld a sort of blackmail. The Forbesses. sprang from Patrick Forbes and the Stuart-Forbesses of Pitsligo. daughter of the Earl of Angus by the Princess Margaret. in which Alexander Forbes of Tolquhoun appears to have embarked beyond his means. It lasted twenty-four hours. put the entire garrison to the sword in 1303 but he left a son. Alexander. and saw him safe out of the field. was a man of eminence in the days of Robert II. Sir William Forbes.. second son of James. March "Cath Ghlinn Eurainn" ("The Badge: Bealaidh (Broom). the King excepted. died in 1762. in 1526 in the streets. after serving with honour in the war against Henry V. married a daughter of the first Earl Marischal. .. tenth Lord. He had four sons by Elizabeth Kennedy of Dunure. War Cry: Clan Pipe Music: "Lonach " (A mountain in Strath Don). and John. the stock he held (500) having been judicially attached. a yearly tun of wine for the fishings of the Don. stood high in the favour of James V. His son Alexander. Alexander. His eldest son. and many were slain.. Aberdeenshire. a man of high valour. was in arms with his clan to revenge the murder of James III. sixth Lord. He married Elizabeth. from whom the clan are descended. second Lord Forbes. The Edinglassie Forbesses are also a branch f Corsindw. but after the defeat at Tillymoss he submitted to James IV. and died in 1448. was a General under Gustavus Adolphus. in the time of Robert II. Waterton. John of Forbes. By Robert III. he was made Justiciary of . from whom he got many charters. He had a feud with the citizens of Aberdeen. second son of Sir John Forbes of that Ilk. was raised In 1426 he obtained bond or' Manrent from to the Peerage by James I. A fight ensued His descendant. also Alexander. eighth Baronet of Craigievor. leaving two sons. . the third Lord. The Forbesses of Tolquhoun. and Colonel of Scottish Infantry in HHS. who became Provost of St. and Foveran. second Lord Forbes. The Lords Pitsligo were descended from William. acquired that estate in 1420. and 1'atrick. armour-bearer to James III. secretly in one of his own gate lodges. joined the constable Buchan in France at the head of 100 Horse and 40 Pikeman and. James. lost his life when defending the Castle of Urquhart against Edward I. John. Alexander. Duncan. mounted him on his own. Giles at Edinburgh. daughter of Robert III. Sir John Forbes of that Ilk. James the Master of Forbes. was attainted after Culloden.
Toulouse. . The first three companies were commanded by Lord Lovat. history of this celebrated regiment is as follows In 1729 the Government entertained the idea of making use of the Highlanders as a means of protecting the country which was then in an unsettled state. and to this end six companies were formed . three companies consisted of 100 men each and other three of 75 men each. Their duties consisted in carrying out the Disarming " Act and preventing depredations . Nive. *HE . a new tartan different from any other was manufactured for the whole regiment. Perthshire. and George Munro of Culcairn as Captain Lieutenants to distinguish them from Royal troops they wore tartans of a dark colour from whicli they derived the name "Black Watch ." the men were all of respectable families. Naturally patient and brave. in the hilly districts of a northern climate. the tartan is composed of various shades of black. and Colonel Grant of Ballindalloch. generous in the hour of victory. but as the companies were now to form one regiment. Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochnell. and blue. where the Jacobite clans of Cameron. being a Lowlander. constant. and innured to hardship in their youth." in writing of this regiment. Nivelle. faithful. Orthes. these warlike mountaineers have always proved themselves a race of lion-like champions. Peninsula. has taken a brilliant part in nearly every war its country has been engaged in and has fought with honour in every quarter of the globe. Orthes. and Murray. green. since its formation. rendered their presence necessary to prevent a sudden rising. On its colours it bears the names of Pyrenees. Toulouse. From the colour of the uniform of the regular troops. 1S84-85. Waterloo. Nive. The three smaller companies by Colonel Alexander Campbell of Finab. Up to this period each company was dressed in tartans selected by its commander. Egypt. and Peninsula. and having no tartan of his own. Lord Crawford. for this purpose they were quartered in small detachments in various parts of the country. In 1740 the Government determined to add to their number. Corunna. which was raised to 1000 men who mustered for the first time near Taybndge. many of them " being sons of gentlemen. The more important engagements include Egypt. Nile. John Campbell of Carrick. thus eulogises the Highland soldiers. This ultimately became the well-known 42nd or Black Watch . and endued with calm perseverance under trial and disaster. it was necessary to have a uniform dress. the various companies acting independently of each other. Nivelle. Pyrenees.23 THE BLACK WATCH. Fuentes d'Onor. Alma. Ashanti. MacDonald. Highlanders of Scotland have been conspicuous for the possession of every military virtue which adorns the character of the hero who has adopted the profession of arms. Sevastopol. Mr Cameron '' The in his Military History. Tel-el" Kebir. The first Colonel. the Black Watch (Freiceadan Dubh). they were called red soldiers (Saighdearan Deary)" the Highlanders from their sombre dress. 42ND ROYAL HIGHLAND REGIMENT. Stuart. valiant in the field." The Black Watch. Kirbekan. chiefly in the more troubled districts of the Highlands. 1882-84. Lucknow." : .
"BLACK WATCH." . AND CLAN CAMPBELL FORTY-SECOND.23.
was in arms for James III. and on the death of his cousin. we read of Gilbert Fraser. though doubtless they came of a common stock. after many discreditfrble acts. while his father became Lord Lovat. lost his son. his grandfather. and Thomas Fraser. dying without male issue. i in 1441. Baronets of Ledclune. tirst designed of Lovat. when they and the Frasera fought with such rancour that only ten men a-side survived. Thomas. taken at the battle of Methven in 1308. ninth Lord of this line. and became twenty-first chief in succession from Simon Fraser. was made a Baron by James I. first Lord Lovat through Alexander. Badge: lubhar (Yew). Sir Alexander. leaving Simon. but their nameyields to few in Scotland for antiquity. He was family. The Frasers. The Frasers of Saltoun are descended from William. second Lord. . descend from Hugh. Lord Saltoun. anno 1109. Fraser made a donation to Newbattle Abbey. accompanied James.s de Philorth. Hugh. ( jwie and lands of Ashintully. He was slain at the battle of Durham in 134(5. Earl of Douglas. younger. while his Cather took possession of the estate and honours of the family but eventually. Simon Fraser. Lord Abernethy of Saltoun. about 1460. Bernard Fruner of Drem. at the battle of Flodden and Hugh. to the great jubilee at Rome in 1450. Simon fled to France 4fcbout 1698. and his <. and progenitor of the Frasers of Knock and Foyers. 1226 et 1230. Erasers are not of original Gaelic descent.ied descendant Alexander is now eighteenth Lord Saltoun. ninth of this family. f uis second son. and later "Caisteal Dunie ("Castle Downie"). and in the time of . second son of Sir Alexander Fraser of that William obtained from his father the Thanedom of ilk.24 THE CLAN OF FRASER. . It was revived as a British peerage in 1837. He won the three battles of Roslin in one day in 130::. Bernard religious at Kelso in the time of David I. at Sauchieburn. who came to Scotland in lie that as it may. Sir Alexander. Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver Castle held a high place among the Magnates Kcotuv in the troubles after the death of Alexander III.atnres in the civil war of that calamitous time. and the time of their settling there is uncertain. fourth of this line. b present Lord Lovat. His title was attainted. designed Dominv. and are now represented by Sir Keith. Hugh. Lord Lovat died in 1875. of Beaufort began to style himself Master of Lovat. Gilbert of Fraser is witness of a charter to the Monastery of Coldstream in the reign of Alexander I. when Thomas Fraser of Streichen and Lovat was in H'rated Lord Lovat. fifth Baron of Philorth..ught with valour at Otterburn in 1388. and Alexander. though MacKenzie and Martin say they are descended from Pierre Frasier. south of Scotland after the death of Malcolm III. But it is difficult to connect these Frasers with each other. Simon eventually became eleventh Lord Lovat. Spaidsearachd Mhic Shimidh" ("Lovat's March"). and second of Lovat. leaving a son Hugh. His grandson fellat Halidon Hill in 1333. anno 1178 . who died in 18S7. War Cry: "A Mhor-fhaiche" ("The Great Field"). and having letters of fire and sword issued against the whole clan. . sixth of the family. Simon Fraser made many donations to the In the time of William the Lion. but his brother Alexander carried on the line of the to have been the first Fraser who possessed estates in the Highlands. and seems killed at the battle of Dupplin. and was succeeded by his son Simon. without issue iu 16(59. and was basely put to death in London by Edward I. though the a' tie has been subject to some dispute. was slain in a battle with the MacRonalds near Lochlochy in 1544. and his character and fate in 1740 are prominent D. rice comes de Truquhair. His son Alexander His grandson William. third Lord. raised a regiment for the King's service and fought at Worcester . 1 Clan Pipe Music: March " Lament "Cumha Mhic Shimidh" ("Lovat's Lament"). the Master. 1 . HE Alexander II. he was served heir of line to George. and Baron of Philorth. fifth Baronet. people of the surname had considerable possessions in the 790.
24. . FRASER.
the Scottish Parliament in strongly attached to the cause of Charles I. a grant confirmed by his son Thomas. named the "Gordon Highlanders. George. is given by General \\ade at 1000 claymores. where he was slain. fourth son of George. son of the Earl of " raised by Aberdeen. Gordon of of Park. Ihe nrst of these was the old "81st." have been raised from this clan. and his noble defence of the Castle of Edinburgh for James VII. who fell at the battle of Arbroath in 1445. fourth Marquis. Sir Adam." the the Marquis of Huntly in 1794 memorable for its high valour in every war since then. Eitheann (Ivy). he was attacked by the MacKenzies. and died some twenty years after at a very great age. with other Catholic George. in descent tenth of Gordon and Huntly. says Douglas . Iti84. 1818. . Colonel William Gordon. 1813 . fifth Duke. and Gordon of Lismore in 1625 Gordon of Lochinvar. was General of the forces Borders to oppose those of Henry VIII. and Macintoshes at Corrichie. and disbanded in 1783. Munroes. the title became extinct. for The fighting force of the clan. the old 75th and 92nd became and it is the former who are the heroes of Dargai. in 1594.. sixth Earl of Huntly. all the Gordons in Scotland are descended. George. who was raised to the Peerage of Aboyne by Charles 1 1. Lieutenant of the North. 1631. Marquis of Huntly. They were afterwards designed as the Lairds of Methlic and Haddo. Frasers. sent with Louis of France to Palestine. in 1836. his many loyal services.. Gordon of Dalpholly.25 THE CLAN OF GORDON. of the Gordon family. Gordon Cluny. 1704. Sir Adam Gordon. Adam Gordon. was created a Duke. on the forfeiture of David. assumed the name of married a second son of Seton of that Ilk. where he was slain in 1562. Gordon of Earlstoun. system of linked battalions was instituted. For his many faithful services.. Alicia IV. lineally descended from Charles. whose father had been High Chancellor. The latter were defeated. was Captain of the Scottish Guard of Louis XIII. are descended from Patrick Gordon of Methlic (cousin of the Earl of Huntly). and created a Marquis in 1599. 1686 . The second was the 92nd. with whom he had many victorious encounters . Wat Cry:-" A Gordon! A Gordon!" Clan Pipe Music: March Gordonach" ("The Gordon's Salute"). " Faille nan first Gordon of whom there is any distinct trace is Richard of Gordon. Athole. under Norfolk. before this his eldest son perished in the Royal cause at the battle of Alford. married her cousin. appointed against them by James VI. Gordon of Gordonstoun. That Richard was Lord of the Barony of Gordon in the Merse is undoubted as between 1150 and 1160 he granted from that estate a piece of land to Monks of St.. escaped the slaughter." or Gordon Highlanders. Gordon of Niton. and. gave him a charter of the lands of Strathbogie (or Huntly). leaving only a daughter. viz. Four years 1645. in consequence of his great public services to James I. The Earls of Aberdeen. fought at Flodden . "HE . fourth Earl. but the Marquisate ot second Huntly went to the Earl of Aboyne. who was a soldier among the 1000 auxiliaries whom Alexander III." formed in 1777 by Hon.. created by the latter Earl of Huntly. From his grandson. but Huntly was pardoned. that he was forfeited by He lost his head for his loyalty at Edinburgh in Iti49. and was so George. who Their eldest son. Other Gordons figure in history about this time. the second Marquis. said to be the grandson of a famous knight who slew some monstrous animal in the Merse in the time of Malcolm III. apart from Bertram de Gordon. but in an attempt to get the Queen out of the hands of the Earl of Moray. Gordon of Halkin (by succession). Two regiments. Alexander. and troops were sent nobles. was suspected of having a secret correspondence with the Spaniards. To trace all the great actions and deeds of the warlike line of Huntly would far exceed our space. Ten gentlemen of this clan were created Baronets. Salute Badge: ladh-shlat. When the Gordon Highlanders. and was the first designed of Huntly. Gordon of Embo. "Spaidsearachd nan Gordonach" ("The Gordon's March"). on the Alexander. third Earl. when in arms for King James in 1715. and his property seized. Mary at Kelso. Robert I. 1626 . of which he was made Governor. He but his son. whose arrow in 1199 wounded Richard of England at Chalons. Earl of was killed at Halidon Hill . is a stirring event in Scottish history. an heiress. On the death of George. 1706. he was in 1445 Gordon. Sir Alexander. so created in 1(582. and James II. and the first appearance he makes in history was the assistance he gave Wallace in 1297 to recapture the Castle of Wigton. whose father was slain atOtterburn lost his life fighting for his country at the battle of Homildon in 1402.
XXXXN Mill - --.xxxxxxcswc \xxxxxxxx . GORDON .XXXXvJVXXXXV HI ^. "XXXXN 26.
The second was the " Richt Hand" of Wallace." He perished on the scaffold in 1650.26 THE CLAN OF GRAHAM. ' . and fell by the side of the latter at Flodden. His son. "The Great Montrose. was one of the Lords of the Regency after the murder of James I. He obtained the lands of Abercorn and Dalkeith. and from the Earl of Lennox those of Strathblane and Mugdock. William of Graham the first Robert Douglas repeats the old story. from Patrick. James. appeared on the Forth. Earl of Strathearn. The immediate ancestor of the Claverhouse Grahams was Sir William of Kincardine. Earl of Dnnbar. 1143-47 l . Clan Pipe Music . but for the memory of his services to the Crown. Dominv. claimed their descent from Malise. EW Graham. was Lord High Chancellor. who lived in the time of Robert III. Sir John. brother of the first Viscount of Dundee. oir David. officiated at the state funeral of the Great Marquis at Edinburgh in 1661. before 1214. In that year his son Patrick. a charter containing an entail of Old Montrose. was raised to a Dukedom by Queen Anne in 1707. or a grandson his grandfather and since the sixteenth century all the heads of the family (except the present) have married the daughters of peers. His great-grandson. the lands of Uundaff and Strathearn. of the same name. died in 1742. Since the twelfth century the succession in this family has been from father to son. Sir David of Dundatf. greatgrandfather of Douglas. The Grahams of Barco and Gartmore were made Baronets respectively in 1625 and lf>65. David. James. Buaidh chraobh. and Sir David. says Sir Walter Scott. John. in 1244. in 1504. fourth Marquis of Montrose. by whom he had three sons Sir Patrick. obtained from William the Lion. by the splendour of his valour in the Royal cause. with many men of rank. third Earl (whose father. Sir William.-March Badge: " Raon-Ruairi " (" Killiecrankie"). was. Duke of Montrose. By his eldest son of a second marriage. and in 1598 Lord High Treasurer of the Kingdom. David's son. Patrick. had fallen at Pinkie). the first Duke. fifth Earl and first Marquis of Montrose. and was succeeded by his son William. and died in 1700. Duke of Albany. acquired under the succeeding monarch. His grandson and tepresentative.The third Lord was created Earl of Montrose by James IV. He was one of the guarantees of a treaty with Henry III. . second Duke. Sir Patrick Graham of Elieston. born in 1612. certain lands near Montrose. families. 1513. all the surname of Graham. His son. he was the ancestor of the Earls of Menteith of the name of Graham. na laibhreas (Laurel). and won it the name of is one of the witnesses of David I. Holyrood Charter. We regret to add that he sold his Union vote for 1000. . James. in a royal charter witnessed by him in 1300. and was created Lord Graham by James II. can boast of more historical renown than that of So much obscurity and fable involve the origin thereof. about 1445. fifth and present Duke of Montrose. That sword is now in the possession of His grandson and representative.. the chiefship never going further astray than a brother succeeding a brother. that even Sir famous warrior who breached the Roman wall Graham's Dyke in the time of Fergus II. authentic appearance of the name. Sir Patrick had previously fallen at Dunbar. his grandson. is styled of Old Montrose. Eighteen landed gentlemen. and when dying gave his sword to his son. near Stirling. circa. The Border Grsernes. and made him swear upon t j blade that while he lived he would fight for Scotland. (" Claverhouse's Lament "Cumha Chlebhers" Lament"). obtained from Robert. Lord Graham. who chierly inhabited the Debatable Land. David Graham. otherwise Menteith. followed King James to France.s <le Graham et Kincardine. that the Grahams are descended from a in 420. by exchange of land belonging to him in Galloway. in whose arms he died of his wounds after the battle of Falkirk. married a daughter of the Earl of Strathearn. to adjust a bloody feud between the Drummonds and Menteiths..
GRAHAM .I V v> IH V c\ 1 ^ K > i& 1 ^ ^^5i^^^R^^^^ 1 S fc ^ ^ S ^ ^J^^^RS^^t^^i^^^^ 26.
and author of Origin of the Gael. Earl of Seafield. The the other was. from the most remote times. and in 1569 his son John obtained a gift of the Abbey. of Scotland. A small obelisk at Corrimony marks the grave of the last Laird of that glen. third Laird of Freuehie. is purely Gaelic." Essays on the Origin of Society. Major of the Prussian Guards. his successor. . The approaching Reformation gave the Grants fresh opportunities of adding to their possessions." Sir Laurence and Robert. . John Roy Grant was Sheriff of Inverness in 1434. After Culloden eighty-four of the Glenmorriston Grants. died 12th September 1835. The former was Sheriff of Inverness in the time of Alexander III. eighth Laird of Freuehie. and in 1346 he obtained the " keeping of the Castle of Darnaway. and in 1316 the former received a charter of the lands of Inverallan. A Sir John Grant was taken prisoner at Halidon Hill in 1333. daughter of James. is of a different opinion. and left three sons James. ESPITB James Robertson. "dicti Graunt." appear in 1258 as witnesses to an agreement with Archibald." " Two regiments were raised out of the" clan " The Grant or Strathspey Fencibles in 1793. now extinct. the greater part of Strathspey. the last of the Grants of Corrimony. which ended at Culloden. it may be dismissed. D. The marriage of Ludovick to Margaret. A line. There are three Baronets of the surname Dalvey.27 THE CLAN OF GRANT. after serving as marines on board of Lord Howe's fleet. 1688 Monymusk. adhered to William In 1715 II." etc. : the following inscription " : what was mortal of James Grant. the alleged Norman descent given in the book of "The Chiefs of Grant. "whose territory has always chiefly been in Strathspey. 1838. He was an " " The advocate. in violation of their terms of surrender. James. Sir James Grant of that Ilk. The first of the Grants of Freuehie was Duncan le Grant. and was succeeded by his brother John. Esq. As French descent. in which lie was succeeded by his son Patrick of Stratherrick. In 1366 Johanne le Graunte" was witness to a charter in the Castle of Kildnimmie. This branch wears a tartan different in sett from the rest of the clan. married in 1484 a daughter of Ogilvie of Deskford. acknowledged they are of the same stock as the MacGregors.. as the clan themselves have always. and 1745 he adhered to the House of Hanover. and sold as slaves. in 1811. and " " " first was disbanded in 1799 the old 97th or Strathspey Regiment in the following year. or Orange.C. to the King. regiments in 1795. Sir Lewis Alexander Grant.. John Grant of Inverallan and Robert Giant were taken prisoners at the battle of Dunbar in 1296. Born 13th April 1743.S. "The origin of this clan. a strenuous supporter of James IV. Patrick Grant of Dunlugus died there in 1759. Badge: Giuthas (Pine Tree). who laid down their arms in May. and fought in the whole campaign.March "Stand Fast Craig Elaichardh" ("The Rock of Alarm") "Stad Creag Ealachaidh" ("Stand Fast Craigellachie"). and by marriage with the heiress of Glencharney acquired many lands. as given by General Wade in 1745. in 1539. (1249-58). ancestor of the Earls of Seafield John. were transported to the Barbadoes. drafted into other Highland Here lies . at 850 men. to whom he gave Glenmorriston.A. 1434-85. and his son Ludovick. He married Muriel." he asserts.. became Baillie of the Abbey of Kinloss. In 1715 the strength of the clan was 800 men. brought that title into the family in the person of her grandson. Bishop of Moray. It bears to the chiefs being of . Thus. and A. in short. and were with the clan in the fight at the Haughs of Cromdale. John Grant of Freuehie and Grant. were the Grants of Uunlugus. War Cry: Clan Pipe Music :. 1705 and Ballindalloch (a MacPherson). on whom he bestowed the Barony of Corrimony in 1509 and John Mhor (a natural son). daughter of Malcolm. but Glenmorriston was "out" for the Stuarts. one of whom became Governor of Silesia." . . F. tenth chief of Macintosh.
the Austrians were defeated with the loss of 5000 men. who had been banished from Orkney by Earl Harold the Wicked. Justiciary. their progenitor. Lachlan Gunn of Braemore had an only daughter. flourished in the reign of Alexander II. for hi bravery pieces of cannon. The conflict was rancorous and bloody. he commanded the right wing of the Swedish Army under Sir John Banier. or Gunn. He was Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir Patrick Ruthven's Dutch Regiment. The Keiths came with twenty-four men. at the Brig of Dee. whose advances she had repelled. in the Statistical Account of Kildonan it is stated they are descended from the Xorse Kings of Man and that Guin. Tears and settle it amicably. and attacked the Gunns. who. armoui. two on each horse. who. : Am . Weary of the feud." asserts that their progenitor was Gunnias. by his wife Christina. a desperate battle was fought between the two clans at Harpsdale. and were known as the Clan Gunn. when victory fell to the Keiths. Henry Subsequently the most of the clan emigrated to Sutherlandshire under William and Henry Gunn. at Clyth. who was famous for her beauty. In 1585 the latter and the Earl of Sutherland had a fight with the Clan Gunn. The Clan Gunn figure in 15S1 in a case before the Council concerning the renewal of a Commiseiot in Justiciary in favour of the Earl of Caithness. Earl of Ross. on the Plains of Weslock. William MacKanies. a retainer of Keith of Ackergill. a famous Freswick pirate. brother of Swejrie. daughter of Farquhar. was the eldest son of the King of that island. Blew many of the Gunns." In process of time his descendants became numerous. where he rose to such wealth and power that in time he became known as "The Great Gunn of Ulbster. lived with barbaric pomp in hi? Castle of Habery. and by the skill with which he handled it. where she became the victim of her abductor.28 THE CLAN OF fla</0e. and during one of these. and the rest put to flight. George Gunn was slain and stripped of his arms. from a great silver brooch that fastened his plaid. in his History of Caithness. and brooch. and carried off the girl to Ackergill. Soon after. and were cut to pieces. and used their bows so well that Sinclair was slain with 120 men. and on arriving in Caithness. and in it the MacKays of Strathnaver. LUS nan laoch (Roseroot) |F the origin of this fierce and turbulent tribe two accounts are given. then a minor. But Calder. at Drummay. had the advantage of the hillside at Aldgowne. killed George of Ackergill and his son. brother-in-law of the Lord of the Isles. distinguished himself by his valour in the army of Gustavus Adolphus. though inferior in force. surrounded her father's house with a body of armed Keiths. and they and the Keiths bore a mutual hatred to each other. but by the Highlanders as Bniixteuch Mltbr. according to " Douglas. the latter fought desperately. Helen. This was in 14(54. Raid upon raid ensued now. who were engaged in prayer. or QUN N. a kinsman of the Keiths. with ten men. he was known as Crouner Gunn.-Aiteann (Juniper). chief of the clan in the middle of the century. as they were travelling from Inverugie towards Caithness. led by Angus Dhu Jlackay. In 1636. but Dugald Keith. From Henry are descended the Hendersons of Caithness. in 1420. and 150 standards. he and the chief of the Keiths agreed to meet with twelve horsemen a-side at the Chapel of St. who were unprepared for an attack. 30 He was subsequently knighted by Charles I. From the office he held. eight miles from Tliurso. and eventually threw herself from the summit of the tower. and the day of her marriage with her cousin Alexander was fixed . In 1438 they had another encounter on a greater scale on the JIuir of Tannach. George Gunn. fixed his residence at Ulbster. and were evei at feud from the following circumstances. but indecisive. One of the clan. bore a part against the Gunns. Sir William Gunn.
" highest rank.'" Many secret signs and emblems were adopted by the Jacobites prior to the Rising of 1715. as one of the emblems of the Jacobites. "was worn. like the S (for Stuart) in the open work of the claymore-hilt. had it from a lady of rank. the sudden desertion of his army showed his want of courage. Doubtless." when the which had been too took We Rising. ." says a writer. it was adopted and worn as a symbol to others of secret political opinions. blade. he wept over his own misconduct. . and this Jacobite tartan was one of them. on beinGeorge I. the pattern or set of which is given here." says Mr Smith. place. . He devoted all his talents and influence to promote the detested Union his object being to ingratiate liiniselt with Queen Anne and to obtain the sole administration of Scottish affairs yet when he was driven from the Court of King and had raised the standard of revolt at Braemar. waited on by a number of the Jacobite nubility and gentry. long delayed. ?HIS ' tartan. and tne guilty hand he had taken in effecting 'the accursed Union. engaged in this insurrection from motives the most honourable and disinterested but such was not the case . and as a soldier. which was manufactured in 1712 for a lady who was a most zealous Jacobite. The Earl of Mar is represented as having been selfish and ambitious in the highest degree as a politician he was without integrity as a commander he was destitute of skill .29 THE JACOBITE TARTAN.. with the nobleman whose name forms a sort of epoch in Scottish history." Her eldest son was "out" in 1715 known as "Mar's Year. who has still in her possession a silk scarf (or plaid) of it. or the legend Ko Union on its " Many individuals of the .
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Red Hawthorn. The Earl was succeeded by his son James.. . James. John. third Baronet. James. He left two sons . first of the Annandale family. arid also of James of Wamphray. and daughter of Earl of March. whose grandson. named John. which gave the name to his descendants. created Earl of Annandale and Hartfell. 1792. left a son. and Galabank. Gilbert was father of Sir John de Johnstoun. living 129(3. was father of James. ancestor of the Johnstones of Alva (6) Gideon. ninth Baipnet of Hilton and Caskieben. with whom he obtained a Barony of Johnston. and was succeeded by his son. 1509. who was murdered by John. 1700. fifth Baronet. who was succeeded by his son Adam. Sir John. ancestor of the Johnstones of Westerhall. Sir John. and was grandfather of the present Sir Frederic. who was ancestor of the Johnstons of Newbie. Sheens. whose son Richard was created a Baronet. There were also Johnstons of Beirholm. 1783 (3) Sir William. and probably Adam's another. 1794 (2) Alexander. etc. who died insane. who died leaving a daughter. third Marquess. seventh Lord Maxwell. The elder son.30 JOHNSTON. He is now represented by Sir William Johnston. The third Baronet 179. is supposed to have died without issue. Sir The north country Johnstons James. who was succeeded by John Johnston. first of the Westerhall family. created Countess of Bath. 1701. Sir William. who died leaving two sons. died unmarried. 1633. R. had a son John. Mylnefield. Sir James. The name of his first wife is unknown. . whose male line became extinct about 1650. third Baronet. 1729. second wife was Lady Janet Dunbar. .N. widow of John. second Marquess. i who was father of Gilbert. but dying without issue. Lord Setou. Sir James's son. named Matthew. 1661. 1(508. His descendant Samuel was created a Baronet. who died. John.i. 1805. his son Sir another. married Amy. was created a Baronet.Col. who married Charles. Sir James. The above-named Adam Johnston was twice married. the elder. of Westerhall left six sons (1) Sir James. died unmarried. 18S1. . who was created Marquess of Annandale. she u now represented by the Hope Johnstones of Annandale. . fourth Baronet. SIR JOHN DE JOHNSTOUN. and by her he had Sir Gilbert. but he had at least one son by her. first of the Elphinstone family. leaving a son. became sixth Baronet. who married Margaret. was created Baron Dei-went. The last-named had one son. James. John. There was also an illegitimate branch of the Gretna family. had two sons the younger. Sir Gilbert. descend from Stephen Cherrie. who died without issue. Harcourt. He was twice married. left descendants who died out about 165(3 the elder. and John. Adam. and Henrietta. By his second marriage the first Marquess had George. 1643. From Matthew. and probably named Gilbert. the title went to the younger son. Robert of Raecleuch. "father of John. first Earl of Hopetoun . Badge. of Gretna. eighth Baronet of Westerhall (it) John. who were for some time Lords Ruthven. (4) George. 1627. and his grandson. was created Lord Johnstone. who died 1699. ancestor of the Johnstones of Annandale. who died 1586. descended Sir James. living 1360. third Baronet of Westerhall. heiress of Elphinstone. Lieut. . The second Earl was succeeded by his son William. whose son. By his first marriage he had James. daughter and heiress of Sir Andrew Garioch. Henrietta. . and Earl of Hartfell. ancestor of the Johnstones of the Elphinstone. Warriston.
living 1357. who had two sons William.31 KERR. the Dukedom devolved on Sir James Innes. Andrew. . second Earl. The eldest Sir Walter (1) was grandfather of Robert Kerr who was created Earl of Roxburghe. The Earl was twice married. Thomas. Baronet. from whom descended the Kerrs of Linton and Sir Robert. This Andrew Kerr had three sons f com the youngest. in 1624. Sheriff of Roxburgh. and was created Marquess of Lothian. Abbot of Kelso. By his first marriage he had William. George of Fandonside. JOHN KERR of the . William. We will now return to (2) Mark. Forest of Selkirk. who married John Drummond. Earl of Lothian. . tenth and present Marquess of Lothian. but on the death of his grandson. 1613. By his second marriage the Earl had a son. and his great-grandson. Sir Robert of Caverton. above named. who died without issue. The eldest son. namely (3) Thomas of Ferniehirst. and a daughter. 1617. William (fourth son of John. so we will take them in order. great-grandson of the above-named Sir James Innes. created Earl of SomerRobert of Ancrum. Harry. 1701. set. Mark. third Duke. . He had three sous. 1707. came the Kerrs of Gateshaw and from the second. Robert of Auldtounburn. Jean. was created Earl of Lothian. . is the eighth and present Duke of Roxburghe. seventh Lord Bellenden of Broughton. Littledean. created Earl of Ancrum. and also of Robert of Ancrum. Lord Ker. second Earl of Perth). but the title became extinct in his family by the death of his son Robert. 1C06. had two sons. second Earl. Margaret. fourth Earl. the younger. These three sons all left descendants. By his first marriage lie had a son Andrew created Lord Jedburgh. who became third Earl of Lothian. The eldest. and Greenhead. was father of William. He was twice married. and Ralph from whom descended the Kerrs of Prymsideloi-k. Henry John. His direct descendant in the ninth degree is Robert Schomberg. descended the Kerrs of Dolphingstoun. . and John who succeeded to the Barony of Bellenden of Broughton. this title devolved on his kinsman. This Sir Andrew had three sons (1) Sir Walter of Cessford (2) Mark. married Sir James Innes. was the father of Andrew of Auldtounburn. who had two sons. The third Earl's second son. . 1022. Abbot of Newbottle. Jean. William. Sir John was succeeded by his son. and Sir Andrew. By his first marriage he had a son. whose son Robert became Lord Jedburgh. who died leaving two daughters the elder. William. third Earl. Abbot of Newbottle and (3) Thomas of Ferniehirst. and by his second marriage two sons Sir James. Lord Ker. second Earl of Ancrum. Sir Thomas of Ferniehirst. 1633. Mark. John. was created Duke of Roxburghe. and Morriston the elder son. His son. We will now take up the descendants of the third son of Sir Andrew of Cessford. Robert. James. married her cousin. 1804. was succeeded by his son Robert. and by his second marriage lie had Charles. was the father of Henry. who succeeded his grandfather in Cessford. . fifth Earl. leaving two sons. Andrew. from the younger. 1616. was the father of Walter of Cessford. second Earl of Perth. was father of Sir John. whose son. who was twice married. who then became second Earl of Roxburghe. came the Kerrs of Linton. William. died in his father's lifetime. John. Andrew of Ferniehirst Thomas. . who also succeeded to the Earldom of Ancrum. and Robert. but on his death the following year without issue.
it was destroyed by the Marquis of Argyle. the late Laird of Lamond. In 1085-8(5. Another ancient family of the name were the Lamonds of Inverin but this clan. or Craobh ubhal fiadhaim (Crab Apple Tree). in the reign of Robert III. original stock. the eldest of whom was married to John Lamond of Kilfinnan. like all the lesser ones. who appears to have died without issue. . . who was the father of Malcolm. who was the father of Laumon.32 THE CLAN OF LAMOND. named Duncan. "Archibald. appear as witnesses (Robertson). suffered so greatly by the grasping encroachments of the Campbells. "married Margaret. Their genealogy. the Laird of Lamond and Archibald Lamond of Silvercraig were Commissioners in The Lamonds of Willowfield and Silvercraig were branches of the Parliament at Edinburgh. who defended themselves in the Castle of Dunavertie. but Sir James Lamond having espoused the Royal cause. begins with Murdoch. James Lamond of that Ilk appears under date 15S7 in the list of names of Highland chiefs laid before Parliament and in 1639 his descendant. daughter of Colonel Henry. of Bute and the mouth of Loch Fyne the seat of the family of Lamond of that Ilk. sat in Parliament as one of the Commissioners for Argyleshire. . Badge: Machall monaidh (Dryas) . from whom came the surname of the clan. together with a number of MacDougals and MacNeills. Earl of Lennox. that now but a portion of their ancient territory remains with the name. After the battle of Philiphaugh the Lamonds. who had been out with Montrose. . became the wife of John Lamond of that Ilk. and in another charter granted by Stewart of Ardgowan at Dunoon in 1402. who appears to have been Laird of Lamond. whose eldest son succeeded to the estate. and been succeeded by another son of Ferchar." says Buchanan of Auchmar. the names Oelestine Lament. the Laird of Lamond. but were compelled to yield eventually as prisoners of war to the Campbells." They had five daughters. defended themselves in their chief's Castle of Toward for some time. Their original seat was Castle Toward . A Duncan MacLamond. and also Christian Lamond. as given in ancient history. fourth daughter of the Earl of Argyle who fell at Flodden. Laiiy Jean Campbell. . was witness to a charter. son of Ferchar. granted by Duncan.. --"'' T Ardlamond. by whom he had no issue so the estate went to Dougal Lamond of Stinlaig. a headland between the Kyles is still 1 .:?*. nearest heir male. who put them all to the sword. son and heir of Robert Lamond.
B ^ ^Itliii^^ ^^llit^ I ^ ilL ^ I 32. . LAMOND.
proprietor of the lands of that name in the reign of William the Lion. His son. Colonel Alexander Leslie. and afterwards Keeper of the Great Seal and Lord High Chancellor. A famous branch were the Leslies of Balquhain in Aberdeenshire. and was so created by James II. the son of the tenth Laird. in 1775. not without suspicion of having been poisoned for political purposes. afterwards Governor of Berwick and Tynemouth for the Covenanters . The Castle of Balquhain. made him a knight of the Golden Fleece. The first. . got a grant of that estate from David II. John Leslie of Parkhill. Sir George. leaving a daughter. is said to possess one of the finest echoes in Scotland. was one of the slayers of Wallenstein. rebuilt the old castle of that name. was Privy Councillor to James VII. in 1641) Field-Marshal under Gustavus Adolphus. viz. In HiSO he was created Duke of Rothes. Russia. and ransomed for 200 merks sterling. was Governor of all the cities on the Baltic coast. fell with his royal master at Flodden. Four Scottish peerages once belonged to the clan. John. who was born in 1809 and died in 1841. united with that of Melville. was a distinguished soldier. fourteenth Earl of Rothes. and by the Emperor Ferdinand III. was taken prisoner at Solway Moss. Count Walter." and was slain by the Sheriff of Angus in 1420. Colonel Robert Leslie of "the Old Scots Regiment" . in John. William. in 1791. was created Lord Lindores by James VI. Ludovick Leslie. a ruin now. 1165-1214. and was a Major-General in the Scottish army at Worcester. The title has been dormant since the death of Alexander. the seventh Lord. in 1600. six others of the clan had rank in the army of Gustavus. Leopold I. her John. was made Field-Marshal and Governor of Sclavonia. third Earl. twelfth of Balquhain. The first of the name on record was Bartholf of Leslie. Sir Patrick Leslie of Pitcairlie. after being engaged in the murder of Cardinal Beaton. abducted the Laird of Innervin's daughter. second son of the fifth Earl of Rothes. His title has been dormant since the death of John. third of Balquhain. ninth Earl of Rothes. son of the Field-Marshal . Norman. His title is now wars. and Hungary. known as "The Fair Maid of Strathaven. Master of Rothes. Poland. Sir Andrew Leslie of that Ilk. George. the Countess of Haddington. the founder of it. Few Scottish surnames have made a greater figure in Europe than that of Leslie. Sir William. whose eldest son. was the first Earl of Rothes. A HE ' . seventh of Balquhain. declaring that while one hundred Scotsmen remained alive they would never submit to England. tartan of which the set is here given was last worn by George. In addition to Sir Alexander and Sir David Leslie. Colonel John Leslie of Ruthven's Regiment . and sent him as ambassador to Constantinople. inter 1445 et 1459. Four Counts Leslie sprang from this family alone. succeeded by entail to the Earl of Rothes. and one of the most famous leaders in the Swedish He afterwards led the armies of the Covenant and the Scottish Parliament. and was successively Colonel of the Scots Greys and Scots Foot Guards. Sir David Leslie (first Lord Newark. was one of the hostages for the ransom of James I. eighth of Leslie. After the Restoration he was High Treasurer and Captain of the Scottish Life Guards. sixth in descent from Bartholf. was slain in battle in Picardy in 1554. Scone Palace. was one of the Magnates Scotia who signed that noble letter to the Pope in 1320. Count Leslie. carried on the honours of Haddington. 1651 . several of whom rose to the rank of Count in France. which had been burned down by the Forbesses. The Earl died at Dieppe in 1558. but died the following year. in 1424. where he was killed. accompanied James V. His second son. fourth Earl.33 THE CLAN OF 3?? '-^ LESLIE. dated 1340. by charter. He entailed the estate in 1698. had a bitter feud with the Forbesses. and died in 1545. fourth Lord.. Governor of Fecht. Sir Alexander Leslie (first Earl of Leven. Patrick. led a Regiment of Horse at Worcester and joined the King in exile at Breda. second. carried the Sword of State at the coronation of Charles II. George. Sir Andrew Leslie. seventh Earl of Rothes. David. while Thomas. to France when the latter espoused Magdalene of Valois. tenth of Leslie. Colonel John Leslie of Wardis . and George Leslie. in 1660) was a veteran of the great Gustavus' wars.
father of John. fifth Lord Lindsay of the Byres. . mentioned at the beginning of this article. living 1018. The fifth Lord's descendant John. at whose death the Earldom of Crawford once more jumped to the Balcarres family (as stated above). was created Earl of Lindsay 1633. David. created Viscount Garnock. father of David. John. 1744. Andrew.. did not succeed to the Dukedom. twelfth Earl. Sir Alexander of Glenesk. Sire de Toeny. (2) Henry. The fourth Earl was succeeded by his son David. : : . 1488. 1652. David. created Lord Spynie 1590. His son John. third Lord. to the exclusion of the ninth Earl's descendants. with the provision that at his (the eighth Earl's) death. who regranted it to him. when the Earldom went to his uncle Alexander. living 1340. created Lord Wantage. and Walter of Edzell. ninth Earl of Crawford. father of David.34 LINDSAY. He left a son George. Bart. We will now return to the Edzell family. The latter had a son Alexander. Lyon King of Arms . the elder. His great-grandson is James Ludovic. 1445. From him descended Sir David Lindsay of Crawford. is said to be the ancestor of this family. William of Pyetstone. 1808. 1885. passing over the Edzell family. twentieth Earl and (2) Patrick of Kilbirnie. had three sons (1) David. fourth Viscount. 1671. known as the Wicked Master. grandfather of Sir Coutts Lindsay. twenty-sixth and present Earl of Crawford and Balcarres. who was killed in a broil with a cobbler of Dundee. Sir William. fifteenth. created Earl of Crawford 1398. the elder. Sir John. who also became twenty-third Earl of Crawford. was ancestor of the well-known Sir David Lindsay of the Mount. 1558. and David. fourth Lord. father of the fourteenth. the younger. tenth Earl. 1651. Jarl of the Uplanders. whose line ended with his grandson John. sixtli Earl. was father of John. left two sons (1) Alexander. eighth Earl. father of David. He left two sons (1) William. David of Edzell became ninth Earl . greatgrandson of the above-named Walter of Edzell. In consequence of his son's behaviour the eighth Earl resigned his title to the King. and sixteenth Earls. was ancestor of the ninth and tenth and present Earl of Lindsay . who became tenth Earl. who was succeeded by his son David. fourth Earl. His third son Patrick. His grandson George. ancestor of the seventh and eighth Earls of Lindsay. tenth Lord. ANDOLPH. became twenty-first Earl of Crawford. December 1542. third Earl left two sons. as above mentioned. and also of Robert James. but he generously obtained a regrant of the title to David. fifth Earl of Balcarres. Alexander. On the death of the last-named Earl the title went to the Lindsays of the Byres. and fell at Flodden 1513 . who was created Duke of Montrose. the younger. and (2) John of Balcarres. fifth Earl. sixth Earl. (2) The second son of the fifth Earl of Balcarres was Robert. whose son Alexander was created Earl of Balcarres. whose line failed with the death of his grandson George. created Lord Lindsay of the Byres. who had two sons (1). descendant of Ivar. twenty-second Earl. thirteenth Earl. son of the Wicked Master. Accordingly on the eighth Earl's death in November 1542. it should go to his cousin David of Edzell. on the failure of the direct line of Lindsay of the Byres. (3) Alexander. seventh Earl. 1633. eighteenth. left two sons. left two sons. He had two sons . 1703. and (2) Sir William of the Byres. This Earl's grandson James. The first of the Lindsays of the Byres was Sir William. left two sons (1) Sir David of Edzell whose line failed. and also became seventeenth Earl of Crawford. The grandson of the first Earl David. created Lord Lindsay of Balcarres. descendants of the ninth Earl who so honourably got the title returned to the son of the Wicked Master. eleventh Earl.
now corrupted to MacLennan. which runs into Loch Duich but slight as the line of demarcation is. do they agree as to who is the present chief.. strictly enjoining the celibacy of the clergy. and Kilchrinan in Glenelg. the two clans keep up a marked distinction.. the Isle of Skye. "Drium nan deur" ("The Ridge of Tears"). in honour of the renowned Saint Finan. and a son. was either naturally deformed or was intentionally injured. to whom she soon after gave birth. Conasg (Furze). the boundary between them being a river. and they proved the estimation in which they held this honour. nor. The MacLennans were entrusted with the standard of Lord Seaforth at the Battle of Aultdearn. One of his sons he called Gille Fhinain. their numbers do not appear. and travelled to the west coast. he did not observe the decree. called MacGillinain. There was a noted chief of the Logans of bruimdeurfait. as best able to impart to him the religious instruction suited for the profession he was destined to follow. called Gilliegorm." as the banner of the clan was called. His successors were the Siol'inain. Although he lived in the time of Pope Innocent III. and the son of that man was. . traditional origin of the clan of the MacLennans is as follows. iHE . that he might have no wish or ability to promote a feud for the slaughter of his father. The MacLennans were generally enrolled among the Frasers anil MacKenzies in the different rebellions. who having fallen in a sanguinary battle with the Frasers.35 THE MACLENNANS War Cry: Badge: SIOL FHINAIN. in Ross-shire. On coming to age he took holy orders. but it is certain that they were at one time of considerable note among the tribes of Rossshire. in 1645. for the same reason. but married and had several children. etc. by the great number who were cut down in the defence they made of the renowned " caber feidh. in the thirteenth century. otherwise Clann or MacGhille'Inain. and built the churches of Kilmor in Sleit. and as they were thus lost in the ranks of those predominant clans. as is alleged. the race of Gille Fhinain. of course. He was therefore placed with the monks of Beaulieu. The district of Kintail has still scarcely any inhabitants but those of MacRae and MacLennan. for the Highlanders had a strong aversion to follow a deformed leader. his widow was carried off.
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"But. and was succeeded by his son Charles Somerville MacAlister. was succeeded by his son Angus Vic-Ian-Dhu-MacAlister of Loup. a warm friend of the famous Flora MacDonald." Godfrey MacAlister. and was buried in lona. who married a daughter of Lamond of that Ilk. whose residence was at Ardpatrick in South Knapdale. was fined for absenting himself from the King's host at Solway Moss in 1542. we find "Alexander Macallaster of Loupe in Kintyre. appointing that they suld not be buriet as Christian men. who married. and fought at Killiecrankie under Viscount Dundee. was. . and in 1306 gave him refuge in his Castle of Dunavertie. His son. claim to represent the ancient Lords of the Isles. in 1589. According to Burke. deprive them. daughter of Campbell of Kilberry. Their son. "but without Hector. to the number of thirty-three. under date 1587. born in 1765." says " the MacAlisters. was succeeded by his son Hector." " Gory M'Alaster of Lowp" appears in the Scottish Actsof Parliament in 1678 as a commissioner for Argyleshire. who was an adherent of the King. and for generations his descendants were known as Vic-lan-Dhu. so he was succeeded in his inheritance by his brother Charles. On the overthrow of that dynasty in the reign of James IV. Charles Somerville MacAlister. of which no forfeiture could Burke. Badge: Fraoch (Common Heath).36 THE CLAN OF MACALISTER. where he died . His son died without issue. Margaret. The MacAlisters of Loup were in the army of Montrose at the battle of Inverlochy in 1645. who was an unwilling vassal of Argyle. and added the arms of Somerville to his own. Isles the head of this clan. his son Godfrey closed a turbulent life early in the sixteenth century. -Col. Mor. Burke states. their chief. we are told. Charles. bot cassin furth and eitten be doiggis and swyne. Burke states that Hector's son Godfrey married a daughter of Sir Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorlie. was the property of Alister MacAlister. and his possessions were bestowed upon his brother. was loyal to King James. died in 1891. In the Roll of the Landlords and Chiefs. of Glenlyon against Fercher Dhu Maconeill MacAlister and others and in 1582 another of Glengarry against Kintail for the slaughter of Rory MacAlister and others. Angus. the MacAlisters of Loup and Kennox. the son of the latter. Alister." In the Privy Council Register there is a case. The latter besieged him in his Castle of Swan. . Alexander MacAlister of Loup. Lord of the and Kintyre became an independent clan under Ian Dhu. His son Charles. in 1620. possessing that jus sanguinis. in Ayrshire. Angus M6r. and was succeeded by his son Lieut. and afterwards served with the Royal army in Ireland against William of Orange. married the heiress of Kennox. Steward of Kintyre. ACALISTER is descended from Alister in 1284. son of the latter. whom the MacKenzies slew " with dirks. He opposed the claim of Robert Bruce to the throne. The estate of Strathaird in Skye. His son Alister obtained a charter from the Earl of Argyle in 1573. stormed it. Charles MacAlister died in 1S47. who is mentioned in the Privy Seal Register in 1515. and imprisoned him in the Castle of Dundonald on the Firth of Clyde.. born in 1799. in 1481.
36. MACALI3TER. .
Giuthas (Pine Tree)." Who were down at Dunstatfnage. are descended of those venerable sons of antiquity whose successors became Kings of Scotland during twenty -five generations. Ailpeanaich. The MacAlpines. has been claimed for the Royal Clan Alpin that it is the most ancient clan in the " Cnuic is uillt is Highlands. alluding to the murder of King Alpin by Brudas after the Picts defeated the Scots near Dundee in the year 834. 'S aig an robh duchas fathasd ris. and several other branches. however." . Who in the beginning had the crown And who still Offspring of hereditary kings of Albyn. that it seems not to have been heard of until after 1467. gules. MacNabs. Aig an robh crun na h-Alb' o thus. MacKinnons. War Cry: "Cuimhnich bas Ailpein" ("Remember the death of Badge: Alpin"). : " Sliochd nan righribh duchasach Bha shios an Dun Staiphnis. The MacGregor motto. MacQuarries. The One reputable writer has stated Alpinian origin of those clans has. gutty sanguine with the Gaelic motto "Cuimhnich bus Ailpein. The ancient crest of the MacAlpines is a boar's head cowped. The old Gaelic saying. as described in histories relating to the Highlands and the Clans. according to some of the records. is composed of the MacGregors. have a claim to it.37 MACALPINE. The principal clan appears to have been that of the MacGregors. " 'S Rioghail mo Dhream " my people are Royal is expressive of the royal descent of Clan Alpin. Grants. The ancient seat of the family of MacAlpine is said to have been at Dunstaffnage in Argyllshire. Remember the death of Alpin." that is. Siol Ailpein." intimates that the origin of the clan was contemporary with the formation of hillocks and streams. been questioned.
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and the clan was in possession of such an extensive district as to rival that powerful house which had so fearlessly opposed the royal champion of Scotland's independence. Roid (Wild Myrtle). the Campbells divisions those of Mac Chailein Mh6ir and MacArtair. and the latter maintained their right to the chiefship. and his lands were forfeited. since which time the MacChailein Mh6ir branch have held the chiefship.. " granted a charter. and were. HE MacArthurs are a the original stock powerful family of presented two great . MacArtair espoused the cause of Robert the Bruce.. in fact. Glendochart. The above John is described as being a great prince. In 1275. branch of the great Clan Campbell. who ascended the throne in the year 140(3.38 THE MACARTHURS Badge : CLANN ARTAIR. The chief was also appointed Captain of the Castle of Dunstaffnage. and trace their descent from they indeed for a long time disputed the seniority with the Argyle. 1249-86. or Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Fir Club Moss). Arthuro filio domini Arthuro Campbell militis de terris de Mudwarde. and was rewarded by ample gifts of the forfeited estates of MacDugal. in Cowal. at the head of the clan." At subsequent periods the MacArthurs obtained Stra'chur Mordower. a position which they retained till the time of James I. and leader of a thousand men. and gradually acquired the vast importance which they formerly held. only daughter of Allan MacRuarai. from which they are designated. name are . Ariseget et insulis de Bgge et Rumme. Cheristine. Many of this to be found about Dunstaffnage. In the reign of Alexander III. who have been merely tenants of the Campbells. and they also held portions of Glenfalloch and . and still possess.. The still seat of the MacArthurs of Stra'chur is on the side of Loch Awe. John MacArtair was beheaded by James I.
38. MACARTHUR. .
In the same Register we find in 1585 caution given in 200 by Bontein. his wife. son of Arthur Galbraith. as also the said Aulay's son and successor. as the old statistical account of that parish states that chief seat of this little clan. Allister Dewar's son. the whole surname was so denominated. and servants. son of Au!ay. " For confirmation of this allegation. son of the minister of Cardross. until from one of the chiefs. M. Earl of Lennox. " that Petir Burnsydein Gowaineburne. witness to a charter by Duncan. There is a current tradition that this family be the grandchild to Duncan last mentioned. to Sir Patrick Grahame. is inserted in a charter by the same Earl to Walter Spreul. The Laird of Auchmar states that the next to be met with. might or surname was designed Arncaples (sic) of that Ilk for some time. and supposed to be of the MacAulay " so this line. of the currucate of Muckraw. particularly the MacAulays of whom no vestige now remains. said to have been built in the twelfth century in Row. the witnesses are Duncan and Aulay. . but I find no mention made of this Duncan's successor." he continues "in a charter by Malduin Earl of Lennox." Hugh Montgomerie of Hesilhead. or Giuthas (Scotch Fir). died early in the reign of Alexander III. They had once been in " when the MacRaes Kintail. younger of Ardoch. and there acquired the estate of Glenerm but Ardincaple changed proprietors. a point in the western extremity in Dumbartonshire. who had married his sister. knight. Earl of Lennox. for Allan MacAulay of Ardincaple and Patrick MacAulay." granddaughter who was married to MacAulay of Ardincaple. Hugh Sir Aulay MacAulay of Ardincaple appears in 1587 in the Roll of the Landlords and Bailies in the Highlands and Isles as one of the principal vassals of the Earl of Lennox. Badge: A'Muileag (Cranberry). properly called Aulay. bairns. and the estate was acquired by its present possessors. This Aulay is mentioned in divers other charters of the Earl. A remote branch of Ardincaple was the Rev. the MacDougalls." shall not be troubled or molested by them. the Earl's brother. of the lands of Dalquhern. According to the was a son of Andrew. designed Duncan. a first entered Kintail there were several clans inhabiting it. who was an industrious writer in "Ruddiman's" and other magazines.P. is Arthur. of caple. or Mac Aulay. is Aulay. Master of Montgomerie (1430-52) had a " Douglas Peerage.39 THE CLAN OF MACAULAY. designed of Ardincaple." Buchanan of Auchmar believed the MacAulays of Ardincaple to be of the family of Lennox. and for whom the distinguished historian was named Thomas Babington MacAulay. A branch of the MacAuleys settled in the county of Antrim." Malduin. the third Lord. . by whom it was entailed in August 175S. was at Ardinhandsome turreted mansion. Aulay MacAulay.. the Earl's brethren. [HE which few notices can be gleaned. and in 1796 was presented to the vicarage of Rothelay by Thomas Babington. as also in another charter by the same Earl to William. son of Alexander.
who stood six feet four inches in height.4O THE MACBEANS ladge: CLANN BHEANN. his head dreadfully cut by a sword and his thigh bone broken. and in the rising with Prince Charles Stewart in 1745. as their superior. and a division of MacBeans fought with Lochiel as their kinsmen in 1745. however. unvarying tradition ranks the clan as one of the many tribes comprehended under the generic appellation of Clan Chattan. They are supposed to be a branch of the Mackays. having an acknowledged chief with an independent following. never prefixed Mac to their name. braoileag (Red Whortleberry). His son was likewise engaged in that attempt. At the battle of Culloden. among several of this clan. and as the Xo fewer assailants passed through he cut them down by the irresistable strokes of his broadsword. and afterwards obtained a commission in Lord Drumlanrick's regiment. on which MacBean. this clan. that they are a branch of the Camerons. The chief could bring somewhat more than a hundred men into the field. and it is certain that the MacBeans. than thirteen. a better fate than awaited his gallant father. But. and other transactions. he held the rank of Major in the Macintosh battalion. There is an opinion. Major Gillies MacBean. The Bains or Baynes of Tullach. I HEBE seems to be little known of the history of . or Lus nan craimsheag. with the above exception. including Lord Robert Ker. or Craobh aighban (Boxwood). that they might bring down so formidable an opponent. At last the heroic Gillies fell. Bocsa. bravely defended himself for some time aguinst the fierce assault. although they must at one time have been numerous and united. stationed himself at the gap. were thus slain when the enraged enemy closed around him in numbers. although some few might have been his followers. like several other Highland septs. an old and respectable family in Ross-shire. ranked under the banner of the Macintosh. placing his back to the wall. but escaped. when the Argyle militia broke down a wall which enabled Hawley's dragoons to attack the Highlanders in flank. MacVean is another mode of spelling MacBean. and possessed considerable influence in the county. pierced with many bayonet wounds. in all general expeditions.
4O MACBEAN. .
who were hereditary physicians in Isla and Mull. as their name was in Gaelic. In a footnote in the same book it is stated that there is a charter of lands of Islay. : Gaelic by Fergus Beaton in 1411. and who were also sennachies of the Macleans. Macbheatha. or Thane of Moray. His body was interred in lona the common sepulchre for many centuries of the Scottish Kings. or. preserved in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates belonged to the Betons. he in %^ ACBETH. and are said by tradition to be one of the twenty-four families who accompanied a daughter of the great Irish house of O'Cathan. on the throne. when she was married to the Lord of the Isles towards the close of the thirteenth century. asthe was called1039. According to one account he inherited the rule of the province of Moray from Finlegh. princes of an extensive territory in the north of Ireland. Lulach. In the Introduction to the Dean of Lismore's Book it is stated that many of the oldest Gaelic MSS. became also Thane of Moray during the minority of Lulach. His followers were able to place his nephew. The following names occur in an old genealogy of the MacQuarries mcBeathach mcFinlaeic mcFearchar fada mcFearadaig mcFergiisa. was a King of Scotland. the infant son of that lady by her marriage with Gilcowgain.contemporary and reigned throne in chronicles). the Maormor. or stepson. . MacBeath (or MacBeathad MacFinlegh. written in .41 MACBETH. He was slain at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire on the 5th of December 1056. and by his marriage with the Lady Gruoch. his father according to another account he was by birth Thane of Ross. He ascended 2J^i seventeen years.
. s - 4x^^ 4\.S 'I V o * s I V > v 1 I -4. V CS . ^ MACBETH..
namely Samuel. son of Allan. having the same meaning. together with Ewen. clans." on its northern side rises the Hill of Fingal." clearly Pictish. when the tide of battle had turned against the great Marquis had often to seek shelter in a cavern in Rannoch. The Braelochaber MacDonalds were always called of Keppoch. and from the Royal family. and in consequence attained to a power greater than has fallen to the lot of a subject of present Scotland." marched off the field with colours flying and pipes playing. King James. that of the Mac Donalds is by every rule of antiquity. did the Duke of Perth wave his bonnet to them. and close by is " the sunny place of Darthula. He was lineally descended from the ancient Lords of the Isles. In the Roll of the Clans in 15^7 the tribes appear as the Clan Maclain of Avricht or Abrach. as stated by Gregory. proudly disdaining to hold by a sheepskin the lands of Glenroy. and warded as a traitor in the Castle of Ruthven. Latterly they were in possession of Mrs Campbell of Glenlyon. Maclan of Glencoe was. is too well known in history to require further mention here." . on the plea that the right wing had ever been their post since Bannockburn. Keppoch. War Cry: "Kraoch Eilean Badge: " ("The Heathery Heath). The chief of this branch. was such that he continued in arms from Dundee's first appearing in the Highlands till the fatal treaty that brought about his ruin. and after exchanging a few rounds with the Scots Royals and " 34th. good nature. His origin. and courage. who had obtained a crown charter of the disputed territory. Ronald MacDonald Glas of Keppoch fought at Blairleine in 1544. and was beheaded. . vanquished and took him prisoner in a desperate conflict. and "Their fully entitled to be spoken of before any other. an event unknown in Highland history. and by the Norsemen Somerled. in the bitterness of his heart ." says Robertson. Ronald Oig of Keppoch.42 THE CLAN OF MACDONALD. in 10S7 asserted by the sword his right against Macintosh. "My God!" cried the old man. held his lands of Appin. founder was named in Gaelic Sorubairle. ! ! . Glencoe served under Montrose in his wars. The three MacDonald Regiments of Glengarry. and fought with particular valour at the battle of Inverlochy in 1045. advanced to the or with a few kinsmen. and cry. "a person of great integrity. remained stationary. Glencoe is supposed to be the birthplace of Ossian. charge alone. both words numbers . and was afterwards captured by Huntly. which were esteemed by the sept of Glencoe as a cure for blindness. In requital for his temerity. The infamous massacre of Glencoe by the troops of William of Orange. which covered with disgrace the abettors of the Revolution. seems to be His father's name was Gillebrede. Keppoch lands were laid waste with fire and sword by a body of Scottish Regulars from the Lowlands. Isle"). His chief. Keppoch. At the time of the Revolution in 16S8. When the rest of the line advanced. power. honour. called Mac Vie Ian. according to a contemporary testimony. It was more than double this in 1745. for such he undoubtedly was did more to free his countrymen from the rule of the Danes and Norwegians than any other. " My God have the children of my tribe forsaken me? " Unmoved they saw him fall. Captain of the Clan Cameron. while his clan. and were worn by a lady of the clan on the morning of the massacre. It signifies the followers of St. In the Antiquarian Museum at Edinburgh are four amber beads. Keppoch's strength in 1715 was only 220 men. "Claymore fruitlessly Claymore !" hoping to stimulate them by his example. says the Report of the Lord President in 1745." and his loyalty to his master. that barbarous infraction of all laws human and Divine. and compelled him to renounce his acquired claim. but refused to advance in the headlong charge. a very common Pictish name. the common ancestor of the MacDonalds having espoused a daughter of Robert II. Fraoch (Common F aM the This hero. the venerable and fearless. Bride or Bridget. It was MacDonald of Keppoch who. Through the middle of the solemn valley runs " the roaring stream of Cona . and Clanranald were on the left wing of the Prince's first line at Culloden. MAC DONALD OF GLENCOE. and he could always bring out 150 men.
\\\\Y *5^Xsy.ANVS.V . MACDONALD.N^-XV^Sf- 42. . KN\ t m t.
MACDONALD OF CLANRANALD.
War Cry: "Dh'aindeoin co theireadh e" ("Gainsay who dare"). March "Spaidsearachd Mhic Mhic-Ailein" ("Clan Ranald's March"). Lament "Cum ha Mhic Mhic-Ailein " ("Clan Ranald's Lament").
his marriage with Amy de Insults, John, Lord of the Isles, left three sons, says Robertson but the youngest alone, named Ranald, left issue. From him descend the Clan Ranald, and called of Glengarry and Clanranald. For the latter there is a bar to the chieftainship, the ancestor of the family having been illegitimate." His " The Record of the " authority for this assertion is Privy Seal in 1531. In 1543 a feud ensued between the Frasers and the Clanranald of Moydart in consequence of the following circumstances Dongal, chief of Clanranald, made himself so odious by cruelties that the tribe slew him and then, by election, the command of the clan and lands was given to Alister Alanson, his uncle, to the exclusion of his sons, who were then young. Alister died in 1630, when his natural son, John of Moydart, was acknowledged as The Frasers now chief, but for turbulence was lodged in prison by James IV. attempted to reduce the rights he had acquired in favour of Ranald Galda, or the stranger, so called from his being fostered by the Frasers. He was son of Alan M'Ruari, chief of Clanranald, 1481-1509. Alister Alanson was son of a first marriage. This brought about the battle of Blairleine in 1544, so called from the combatants letting slip their kilts and lighting in their shirts. Young Ranald was
and John of Moydart became eventually the firm friend of Lovat.
died in 1584.
His son Alan married a daughter of MacLeod of Harris, according to Burke, and died in 1593. Alan's son Sir Donald, who was knighted by James VI., waged a fierce war with the Lairds of Duart and Kintail, and died in 1619. The MacVurichs were the hereditary Sennachies to Clanranald. Murdoch Albanach (i.e., of Scotland) was the first of them, and they kept the Leatihar Deary, or Red Book of Clanranald. Sir Donald's son, John of Clanranald, served in the ware of 'Montrose in 1644, and in the march to Argyle penetrated as far as Lochcreran, and, according to the Red Book, put about 900 men to death, a tale of slaughter which no other historian, even the vindictive Baillie, corroborates. He He was succeeded by his son John, who had served with him died, in old age, at Uist, in 1670. " Colonells of the clans in the Isles and under Montrose and in 1650 he appears as one of the Heigh;
died in 1686.
His son Alan adhered to James VIII. and was killed at Sheriffmuir. He had married in France, Penelope, daughter of Colonel MacKenzie, Governor of Tangiers, and having -no issue, was succeeded by his brother Donald, who died in 1730. Ranald, sou of the latter, born in IBI'2, succeeded and was killed with Wolfe at Quebec, 1759. " Ranald succeeded. In his youth he had been "out with the Prince in 1745-4C with his clan, the fighting strength of which was 700. Among them was Neil MacEachin of the Uist branch of tlie clan, father of Stephen James Macdonald, Duke of Tarentum, the truest adherent the great Napoleon ever had. Ranald for a time was A. D.C. to Marshal Saxe in his exile after Cull oden. By his second wife, Flora, daughter of MacKinnon of that Ilk, he had several children, and was succeeded by his son John, born in 1764, a Captain in the 22nd Dragoons. He died at Edinburgh in 1794, and was succeeded by his son, Reginald George MacDonald, eighteenth chief, wlio died in 1S73. This long line of gallant and warlike chiefs is now represented by Allan Douglas Macdonald, son of Admiral Sir Reginald MacDonald, K. C.S.I., who in 1SS2 was Commander-in-Chief at Sheerness, and died 1M''A Mis-s Flora MacDonald, who for years served as Maid of Honour to the Queen, was the daughter and grand-daughter of the chiefs of Clanranald.
MACDONALD OF CLANRANALD.
MACDONELL OF GLENGARRY.
War Cry: "Creagan-an-fhithich " ("The Raven's Rock"). Music: Lament "Cumha Mhic Mhic-Alastair" (Glengarry's Lament"). Badge: Fraoch (Common Heath).
Gaelic he is called Mac Vic Allistuir," says Duncan Forbes in 1745. " He holds of the crown." He can bring out 500 men. " There seems reason to " that Ranald, descendbelieve," says Sir Walter Scott, ant of John of Ila by Anne of Lorn, was legitimate, and therefore Lord of the Isles dejare, though de facto his younger half-brother Donald, son of his father's second From marriage with the Princess of Scotland, superseded him in his right Ranald, upon whom a large appanage was settled, descended the chiefs of Glengarry and Clanranald." He was murdered at Elchoin 13413 by the Earl of Ross. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the chieftains of Glengarry were involved in many bloody feuds and brawls. In 15S2 Donald MacAngus of Glengarry complained to the Privy Council of the slaughter of his people by those of Kintail and damage done to the value of 120, 000 (Scots), in a raid made upon him by the latter witli 200 men. Kintail was ordained to deliver the Castle of Strorue to him but there was a suspension of this decree in 15S3. In right of his grandmother, he was proprietor of half the lands of Locbalsh, Lochcarron, and Lochbroom in Ross-shire. In pursuit of the feud with the MacKenzies, early in the next century, his men surprised a party of the latter at prayer in the chapel of Kilchrist in Urray, and set fire, to it, while the MacDonald piper marched round it, playing, till the shrieks of the miserable victims within were hushed in death. But the MacDonalds were overtaken at Torbreck in a public-house, which was set on fire by the MacKenzies, and thirty-seven of them were burned alive. This feud was fiercely prosecuted in 1602, and Glengarry's son was killed in a fight near Ellondonan, and buried in the doorway of the church of Kintail, so that the MacKenzies might trample on his body every Sunday. In consequence of a MacDonald who lived among the Grants being killed in a skirmish with the Camerons in li;SP, the then chief of Glengarry was on the point of attacking Locheil and this bitterness seems to have been remembered, as in 1729 we find John of Glengarry, in a letter to the Duke of Gordon, writing thus " I incline not to have to with the Camerons, being the villains that most trouble me." The strange episode, almost fracas, caused by the Mac-mhic-Alastair holding his pistol in his hand at the coronation of George IV., made much noise in 1821. In 1S-10 Glengarry sold his estate, and with most of his clan embarked for Australia ; and it was observed in the prints of the time, " We cannot regard the expatriation of the head of an old Highland family, with its clan associations, its pipe music, and its feudal recollections, from the battle of Inverlochy downwards, without some
and emotion." The family of Glengarry, however, returned, and though now extinct in the line last referred to, the chiefship of this once powerful stock of the great Clan Donald legitimately representing the Lords of the Isles is at present held by /Tineas Ranald M'Donell, Esq., of Glengarry, who matriculated for arms some years ago in the Court of the Lyon of Scotland as chief of the clan, and twentyregret
second Mac niliic-Alastair.
MACDONELL OF GLENGARRY.
" She became mother of three distinguished MacDonalds. and obtained her assistance. and Ronald. on the ramparts of which he was shot dead by an arrow in 1537. Donald of the Isles. . Baronetcy reverted to his uncle. the second time to Margaret. when 1400 men were slain. namely. He was succeeded by his son Alexander. leaving Somerled. and fourth. By his wife. Badge: Fraoch (Common Heath). unmarried. many of them high in rank. who besieged him in his Castle of Eilondonan. the attainted." Flora MacDonald. In 16S8 the House of Sleat was burned by the troops of William. thus adding to Ids possessions by the heritage of the latter. He was slain at Renfrew when invading Scotland in 1164. fourth Baronet of Sleat. Sir Alexander. took up arms to establish his. James. Donald. married to ancestors of Argyie and Breadalbane but a male line is still continued. Sir James. Dougal. to whom he adhered in 1567. fought for King James in 1715 and was He died three years after Sheriffmuir. who was defeated by James I. but was refused recognition as such by James V. says Robertson. the present Lord. was branded as a traitor. or " MacDonald of the Isles. He adhered to the King in all his troubles. styled himself Lord of the Isles. . died in 1585. 1429 and in despair had to sue for his mercy before the High Altar at Holyrood. [HE first became powerful as Thaneof Argle is 1135. daughter of the ninth Earl of Eglinton. Dying without issue he was succeeded by his brother. . from whom came all the families of the surname of MacDonald. Sir Alexander died at Uome in 1766 in his twenty-fifth year. King of and the Isles. The first Lord died in 1795. and died in 1643. he left a son. His son John. and was succeeded by his nephew. who died in 1874. Angus. in 1625. MacKenzie" of Kintail. who died in 1S63. was created a Baronet by Charles I. . whose daughter married the High Steward: third Olave." unquestionably represents the ancient Lords of the Isles. and left four sons : First. Sir James MacDonald of Sleat. Sir Donald MacDonald. Donald MacDonald of Sleat. fifth Baron.45 MACDONALD OF THE ISLES AND SLEAT. eleventh Earl of Ross. whose son Alexander succeeded him at his death in 1723. Lcrd of the Isles. when he was succeeded by his son Godfrey. Etfrica. when assisting to conceal Prince Charles in Skye. in 1739. created Lord MacDonald in 1776 and Sir Archibald MacDonald. from des- period assigned at which Somerled when he married Man whom cended the Lords of Lorn. fourth Baron. whose line ended in heiresses. called by the Highlanders MnrDhonaill nan Silean. The descendant of Angus who sheltered Bruce in Dunavertie in 130t> was Donald. His eldest son. confides in Lady Margaret MacDonald. the second and third Barons the last named assumed the additional surname of Bosville. and died in lt>33. " Fair Janet. and after much hard fighting with the MacLeans. Lord Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer of England. in the Mac Dougal. great-grandson of the latter. . was restored to Sleat by Queen Mary. Reginald. who entered into a treaty with Richard II. and fought at Worcester in 1051. The latter. On the death of his son in 1720. but entering into a treasonable treaty with the King of England in 1462. His son Alexander was raised to the Peerage in 1776 as Lord MacDonald of Sleat (in the county of Antrim) and his descendant to this hour. who joined Montrose in Iii44. the Marcellus of the Western Isles . at Lochabei ir. designed of Oronsay. and deprived of the Earldom of Ross. daughter of Olave the Swarthy. on the footing of a sovereign prince and after marrying the Countess of Ross. right to the Earldom. designed of Dunolly second. Their fighting force was set at only 700 men in 1745. Lord of the Isles. but was slain at the battle of Harlaw in 1411. . Sir Alexander was twice married.. and was the father of Alexander and Godfrey. succeeded him as Lord of the Isles . .
46. . MACDONALD OF 8LEAT.
. In 1835 this lady added to her own name that of Seton. and grandson of Donald JlauDonald of Benbeoula. he assumed the name of Steuart. and Squire of the Royal Body. Isle"). created Baronets of Great Britain in 1815. in January 1812. as sole heiress of Touch-Seton. Mac Donalds of Staffa are now in reality the family of Steuart-Seton of Allanton. Bart. She at the same time " succeeded to the Offices of Heritable Armour-Bearer to the Queen.46 MACDONALD OF STAFFA. in Lanarkshire. by his second marriage with Margaret.. Sir Alan Setou Steuart Bart. HE . only daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Steuart of Allanton and Touch. is the present representative. son of Alexander." which have been from time immemorial in the family of Seton of Touch. first of Boisdale in South Uist. On his marriage with Elizabeth Margaret. Reginald MacDonald of Staffa was the fourth son of Colin MacDonald of Boisdale. War Cry: -"Fraoch Eilean" ("The Heathery Badge: Froach (Common Heath). daughter of George MacKenzie of Kildun. Reginald of Staffa was an Advocate and Sheriff Depute of Stirlingshire. Her grandson.
MACDONALD OF STAFFA.46. .
p. afterwards a Major-General in the Imperial service. father of Dunolly. defeated the Imperialists at Leignitz." designed of Dunolly. Sir John of Dunolly. : . who was slain in Swabia Colonel MacDougal. and performed many other brilliant actions. in 1598. Mackerstoun. Various landholders of the name appear in the Acts of Charles II. 1686. The son of Dugall above-named was Duncan. After the battle Bruce laid waste Argyleshire. in which the famous " Brooch of Lorn " was lost and won in the conflict between Bruce and the traitor John MacDougal. His son John fought for King James in 1715. who died in 1164. must be from Duncan. who from the rank of Serjeant rose in four years to be Colonel of the Swedish Life Guards. In 1303 was fought the battle of Dalree. Dougal. and Muirtoun. Gillespick. or Dougal. defended Sweinfurt. and in alliance with England . by of sea. who fought at Dalree. the elder MacDougal submitted. who died s. Garthland.47 THE CLAN OF MACDOUQAL War Cry: " Buaidh : no Bas" ("Victory or Death"). whose son John was father of Dougal of Dunolly. Logan. Weary of the contest. Lieutenant-Colonel MacDougal. left four sons First. and from whom descended the Lords of Lorn. He attacked Landsberg. a charter of part of Lorn. Gregory assigns the representation as heir male to Mac Dougal of DunolJy. the descendant of the Clan Dngall. He married a daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy. whose name appears in the Roll of the Clans in 1587. was 200. who entered on his lands in 1562. The male line is continued in "The M'Dugall. and after many adventures it is now in possession of the Chief of the Clan. and was forfeited. His fighting force in that year styled of Lorn by Duncan Forbes. Amoug these are the MacDougals of Mary was a Sir William MacDougal. He is The MacDougals Freugh. Much of it was standing in 1793. (Bell Heath). . Badge Fraoch dearg of the Isles. Three of the nnme attained rank in the wars of Gustavus Adolphus Colonel MacDougal. so Allan his brother obtained from James VII. the eldest son of Somerled. In 1230 the Priory of Ardchattan was founded on the shore of Loch Etive by Duncan MacDougal of that Ilk. At that time the Master of Works to Dougal's son Duncan. dated Windsor. but his sou John fled to England ijOMERLED : . and it has been stated that he died without issue if so. and left a son.. Rent from Bruce's shoulder. as lie was named. son-in-law of the Red Comyn. Alexander of Dunolly. of Dunolly always buried their dead at the old Priory of Ardchattan. John MacDougal. but his estate was restored to his son Alexander in 1745 by a charter from the Duke of Argyle. was succeeded by his son Ewen (John?) MacDougal. son of Alaster of Argyle. from wliorn descended the Lords of Lorn. was succeeded by his son. the royal brooch remained in the hands of MacDougal. yet Bruce won his admiration by the splendour of his valour. son of Dugall. Alexander MacDougal of Dunolly entailed the lands of Dunolickbeg and others in August 1765 (Shaw's Index).
condemned as a traitor. but left no issue. Colbran. daughter of James. Having no son. M. is probably the first in whom the Earldom became herediHe died in 1139. only the socket stone is seen on the Ochil range now. in 1SS9. Clan Pipe Music: Lament "Cumha Mhic Dhuibh" or (" MacDuff 's Lament")." and Among the missing charters of liobert III. who was one of the Guardians of Scotland. Badge. but he was succeeded at his death in 1763 by his son James. He died his son Duncan. and being taken prisoner at the battle of Dupplin in 1332. and dying 1203. daughter of Sir James Grant nf Grant. who. The Countess afterwards married Walter. The second Earl died in 1S09. . entries with reference to a feud between the MacDuffs of Strathbraan and of Fandowie. His son Duncan first sided with the English. and was succeeded by murdered in 1288. a considerable grant of iand. who was 1260. was executed for his share in the Gowrie conspiracy. Four of their children all died unmarried. is clouded by fable but the first of whom there is any distinct trace Earl of Fife who is said to have slain MacBeth. and Johnde Dunbar. first . the of the Barons of Finday. with remainder to his male marriage with the Princess Louise of Wales. received from Robert III. and his second son William of Ireland by the Queen Regent Caroline as Baron Braco of Kilbryde. of which the old Mormaers and afterwards Earls of Fife were is that head. whose eldest son was " was elevated to the Alexander Duff of Braco. He was liJ46. with the leading of the army. and others of the name of Duff. was succeeded by his son Malcolm. of Tosach. by tiie famous Girth cross of MacDuff. who in 1790 was created a Peer of Great Britain. in 1401. David Duff. Malcolm III. His son Duncan. and was succeeded by his son Alexander. In the long run he Durham in changed sides once more and joined King David II. and whom. is one to David Duff of the lands of Maldakatusome are Baldavy. and of the Barony of Mnldavit. He . and was succeeded by the son of his brother Duncan Malcolm. was pardoned. of Macintosh. In 1(500 John MacDuff. and died 1154. then with Robert Bruce. of Fandowie. He was twice married but by her had no issue. in the shire of Banff. Adam Duff in Cluniebeg was the father of Alexander Duff of Keithmore.. Earl of Findlater and Seafield Bart. Byset. married. rewarded by according to his family the honour of placing the soveafforded reign on the throne.of Monyvaird. son of King Robert II. and the sanctuary. third Earl. Sir Thomas .P. he was again created Duke of Fife in 1900. . who in her right became Earl of Fife. He died without issue in 122S. Regent of Scotland. he submitted to Edward Baliol. secondly. was Justiciary of Scotland. fourth Earl.. an alleged descendant of the last Earl of Fife. in Athole. according to Fordoun. which continued to be one of the chief titles of the family until alienated in the reign of Charles II. " There were several cadets of the MacDuffs. for Banffshire 1707. His son Gillemichel. Craigton. under date 1586. died 1270. 26th April 1759. James. Jane. James. otherwise Ferguson. we believe. by the titles of Viscount MacDuff and Earl to Janet Ogilvie. seventh Earl.. braoileag (Red Whortle). In the Register of the Privy Council. on his fifth Earl of Fife. who founded the Abbey of Cnlross in lL'17. who was at one time tary. sixth Earl.48 THE CLAN OF MACDUFF. third Earl. and was succeeded by his son Duncan. who seem to have had a quarrel among themselves. Earls of Fife. of which. and his son. and eventually succeeded by his daughter Isabel who married first William Ramsay of Colluthie. father of his nephew. Lus nan craimsheag. and was succeeded by his brother Alexander. " viz. second Earl of Fife. HE origin of this tribe. He was again taken prisoner at died without male issue in 1353. with remainder to his daughters." says Sir Robert Sibbald. 28th July 1735. who died without issue in 1857 . tiftti Earl. when the title devolved on he died in 1S79. Bocsa (Boxwood). and 1'eerage advanced to a Viscounty and Earldom. was created Duke issue. predecessors of the Earls of Wemyss.
they fought under Murray's banner.M. Thogail nani At Bothwell Bridge. from whom the clan are designed. under fire of the guns of H. in storming the gateway through which the Guards chained. where they assumed the names of MacCondy. in 1809 led the British troops with distinguished bravery at the storm and capture of the Island of Ischia. Robert MacFarlane. Griesck. born in Scotland in 1734. Badge: A'Muileag (Cranberry). By marriage with a daughter of the Earl of Lennox Andrew Macfarlaue succeeded in 1493 but Ids son was only allowed the title of Captain of the clan. 1S04. From Loch Sloy. an eminent political and miscellaneous writer. and clan. Argushouche. and was long used as an inn for travellers from Tarbet to Glencroe and Inverary. There was a bond of Manrent granted to Hugh. in 1679. Music: Gathering '"Thogail nam bo" ("Lifting the War Cry: Cattle").49 THE CLAN OF MACFARLANE. and their wild pibroch. and got from Duncan. a small sheet of water near the foot of Ben Voirlich. Earl of Lennox. Walter MacFarlane of that Ilk was one of the most learned antiquaries of the last century." etc. Andrew MacFarlane of Arroquhar and that Ilk appears in the Roll of Landlords In 1594 the MacFarlanes were in 1587 who were made by Parliament responsible for their clans. they were among the foremost bo. . in 1545 by Duncan. His grandson was Bartholomew. or feireag (Cloudberry). they took their Cathghairm of " Loch Sluia. At Langside. In 1578 it would appear from the Privy Council Register that the clan were guilty of considerable bloodshed. He was killed by a fall from a carriage at Hammersmith in . Malcolm was the sixth Laird. and their estates were forfeited. in 1547. . Master of Eglinton. Ships Warrior Success. which in Gaelic is Parla." "the Authenticity of Ossian. etc. Robert I. in the Bay of Naples. granted a Charter to Dongal MacFarlane of the lands of Kindowie. Clan Pipe "Loch Sloidh" ("The Loch of the Host").n. HIS clan and surname are descended from the ancient Celtic Earls of the which they belonged the Lennox. . Duncan appears in the Kagman Roll of 129fi. Another of the In 1624 many of the clan were driven out of Arroquhar and went to Aberdeenshire. Sir John MacFarlane of that Ilk was slain at Flodden he had been knighted by the King the night before the battle. etc. dated at the Castle of Inchmunin in ]395. foighreag. and afterwards at the capture of Procida. uncle Walter MacFarlane of Tarbet was among the slain at Pinkey to the Laird of MacFarlane at Irwine. in 1567. the letters P and F being easily convertible in Gaelic. or Oireag. Major-General MacFarlane. district to "The wild MacFarlane's plaided clan" occupied the land forming the western shore of Loch Lomond from Tarbet upwards. The direct male line of these ancient chiefs failed. A portrait of him was presented by his son Walter in 1794 to the Antiquarian Society of Scotland. was author of various historical works. This did not prevent them from following Montrose in 1644-45." The remote ancestor of this clan is said to have been Duncan MacGilchrist. in the north-west of Dumbartonshire. The last descendant of the chiefs is said to have gone to America at the end of the last century and his house of Arroquhar became the property of the Duke of Argyle. denounced as robbers and oppressors : and in 1608 the old standing feud between them and the Colquhouns culminated in the slaughter of the Laird of Luss. Earl of Lennox. Maclnnes. a Charter of the lands of Arroquhar. was heard in many of his battles. a younger brother of Malduin. one of the clan. and they were declared rebels by law. such as " the Rights of the Crown of Scotland. The MacFarlanes emulated the MacGregors in their raids upon the Lowland districts as much as their limited number allowed.
a companion of the Marquis of Montrose. but soon loyalty to the reigning dynasty was in the ascendant. others settled in the country of the Camerons under Lochiel.5O THE CLAN MACFIE. MacFee. Coll MacDonald. others found homes on both entrances to the Firth of Clyde. where they were distinguished for their bravery. and so was obliged to rank under more powerful clans the greater part followed the MacUonalds of Islay. with some of his followers." lost its independence. . 1745. MacHafBe or MacAfee. where the name is spelt according to the primitive pronunciation. and with them a proportionate number of the Macfies." The MacDuffies or MacPhees seem to have possessed the island for a considerable time. HIS . and pertained of auld to Clan Donald of Kintyre. After the Norse occupation. At the battle of Culloden. in the County of Argyle. capitane callit MacDuffyhe. . which in its MacDuffie form has further passed into MacFie. On the tombstones of Oronsay they figure as warriors and ecclesiastics. the Camerons were one of the few clans who made that furious onset which nearly annihilated the left wing of the Duke of Cumberland's army. whilst others settled in the north of Ireland. clan is supposed to be a branch of the race of Alpine . was accused of having been guilty. fell nnder the sway of the Lords of the In 1549 Archdeacon Munro informs us that "the lie is bracket be ane gentle Isles. and the armorial bearings of the race have for motto the words Pro regt. and almost led to a brilliant victory the Camerons suffered severely. The island was held by the MacPhees as late as the middle of the seventeenth century there are still several freeholders and many respectable families of the name in the county and elsewhere. The clan having been dispossessed of its original inheritance became a Broken Clan. the name implying a dark-coloured tribe. Dubhsith in Gaelic has passed into Duffie in English. and Macphee. During the Civil War of 1645. Colonsay. which is also spelt MacaFee. the name is spelt in a variety of ways. . of the slaughter of Malcolm MacPhee " of Colonsay.
War Cry: "Loch Moidh Badge: (Loch Moy). He was alive next day . under date 1579... . ! songs. his servant. ! . as of Beinn-an-gaill. his brains were dashed out in presence of his distracted wife and aged nurse. and once. we find the name of " Archibald M'llvoray in a case of the Laird of Luss against Campbell of Auchnawilling and others. His own immediate following was only eighty men.). and became the progenitor of the clan of MacGillivray. or MacGilli-Bhreac. and will keep the peace meanwhile. was asked. His stronghold was named Dunmacglas. " Rather than lose what is my due. and in 100 pounds for Malcolme M'Gillevoray. Farquhar MacGillivray of Dunmacglas was a Commissioner for Inverness-shire in the Parliament of 1685 (Acts Parl. with a sneer. The rallying cry of this clan was " Loch Sloy " Dr William MacGillivray. Nor should we forget Alexander MacGillivray. The notices of this surname are rather meagre. who lived about 1640." " In the same Record. or "The House of the Stranger. one of this surname. I shall I do mean to use it. by Cumberland's order." In the Privy Council Register for 1578." we are told that about the year 1263 a warrior named Gabri placed himself under the protection of Macintosh. but not before he had nearly hewn off the Colonel's sword hand with his claymore. There is still a branch of this clan in Mull. but when the English were murdering the wounded. died at Aberdeen in 1852. Jac. always wore a claymore . " the "History of the Macintoshes. He fell in front of the 4th Regiment of the Line.51 THE CLAN OF MACGILLIVRAY. VII. His body was stripped. as the chief refused to lead it. a very distinguished naturalist. Bocsa (Boxwood). and his laced waistcoat was appropriated by a soldier of the 4th Foot. in whose arms he lay." said he sternly. who was author of some pretty Scottish . He fell at Culloden with four officers of his regiment. caution is found by " Williame Drumond of Myllynab in 500 merks for Duncane Macfarlane. designated from the head of the branch. Martin MacGillivray of the Mull branch. if he meant to enforce his demand with his sword. The MacGillivrays of Beinn-an-gaill were at Sheriffmuir for King James in 1715 and when Lady Macintosh raised her clan for the Prince in 1745. The Rev. when calling on MacLean of Lochbuy for his stipend. the children of the freckled man. the command was assigned to MacGillivray of Dunmacglas. that they will appear to be tried for (being) art and part in the slaughter of Ra.
51. . MACGILLIVRAY.
" which I asked a very learned minister in the Islands. but in the reign of David II. and these are still called Tuaruith and Dtasnuith. root and branch. In 1552. and Gregor MacGregor of Roro. and giving him his calp. Salute" Failte Chlann Ghriogair" (" MacGregor's Salute"). Dean of Lismore. that is. men. it is The next chiefs appear to have remained in said. direct representative. by the right of the eword ." The sept of the MacQregors. and resorted to the device of appearing before the King at Stirling with the pretended shirts of their slain smeared with blood.") Ruaig Ghlinne Fraoine" ("The Chase of Glen Fruin").C. In the end of the last and beginning of the present century the proscription laws were in force . The Colquhouns were vanquished. He defended the hill fort with such valour that he was permitted to march out with the honours of war on the 5th April in that year. in Glenlyon. son of the deceased Sir James MacGregor. . third son of King Alpin. In their genealogy this John is called the son of Gregor . the MacGregors appear to have been in In the Ragman Roll of 1296. and most true was this of several tribes. Glenorchy as tenants of the Campbells. under Count Lally. who retaliated by invading Luss. says Robertson. were both. of Royal grants. possession of the lands of Glenorchy in the thirteenth century. who flourished about 787. Prior to these dark days of the seventeenth century. Those that live next the Lowlands. John Dhu MacGregor of Glenstrae.52 THE CLAN OF MACQREQOR. and their proud motto is " 'Srioghail mo dhream"" Royal is my race. In 1502 the line of Roro lost their lands by the Campbells. of Lanrick. but Sir John Murray MacGregor. who. His garrison officer. became head of an independent sept.-Gathering " " ("The Woody Height. and hence the MacGregors were more sternly proscribed but so recently as 1744 MacGregor of Glengyle drew Black Mail as a kind of Lord Warden of the Highland Borders. Badge: Giuthas (Pine Tree). thus the Earls of Argyle and Breadalbane gradually found the means to usurp their lands under the pretext The MacGrcgors strove to retain their lands by the cold steel and this conduct." Scott says that it has been disputed whether the MacGregors were the real Children of the Mist ." They were styled ment . and at baptism no clergyman could give the name of Gregor under deprivation and banishment. or north and south. defended Gingee in India in 1759. the direct line of the chiefs would appear to have ended in an heiress. they considered their most savage clans. under Alister of Glenstrae." says Sir Walter Scott. and quotes an Act of Council in 1589 proving that they were BO. consisted of 1750 MacGregor. among them the Macgregors. of whom Sir Walter Scott says that they were famous for their misfortunes and the indomitable courage with which they maintained themselves as a clan" a clan the most oppressed for generations claim a descent from Gregor. but bound himself to Campbell of Glenorchy and his heirs "taking him for his chief in place of the Laird of MacGregor. Gregor. who were relentless in their efforts to usurp all they had.' said lie . "considering the country and the time. Bart. hence they are usually termed the Clan Alpin. whose father had been A. and on the extinction of whose line the chieftainship went to Glenstrae. John of Glenorchy appears." says Dr Johnson. a French . younger sons of the chief Patrick who succeeded in 1390. to Prince Charles was acknowledged as chief by 826 MacGregors capable of bearing arms. The present Baronet is his ) HEN ' ' ' ." and one individual tribe of these retains the same name. In 1603 the fierce battle of Glenf ruin came to pass through the severity with which the Colquhouns executed the barbarous laws against the MacGregors. which they imprudently continued to hold by the coir a' chlaidheimh. their name was suppressed . whose ancient territory was on both sides of Loch Tay . married a younger son of the House of Argyle. They had at one time very extensive possessions in Argyleshire and Perthshire. was represented at the capital as arising from an untamable and innate ferocity which nothing could remedy save cut" Lawless Limmers " in Parliating off the tribe of MacGregor. War Cry:-" Ard-coille Clan Pipe Music .D. " though natural.
THE CLAN OF MACINTOSH.
War Cry :
" Loch Moidheidh" ("The Loch of Threatening" seat of the Chieftain).
lake near the
Clan Pipe Music:
an Toisich" ("Macintosh's Lament").
Lus nan craimsheag, braoileag (Red Whortle).
Macintoshes are a sept of the Clan Chattan, which includes the Farquharsons, Shaws, MacPhersons, MacBeans, and eleven others. To these races belonged Badenoch and much of Lochaber. A rivalry has long existed between the heads of the two chief septs, Macintosh and MacPherson, as to which was the superior " and," says Robertson, "without pronouncing positively, it does look from the proofs brought forward for the chief of the latter name by Skene, as affording a strong presumption in his favour, from the fact of Macintosh calling himself Captain of
(of 1450) makes them descend from two brothers, Muirach sons of Gillecattan Mhor, chief of the Confederation. Macpherson of Cluny, as the lineal representative, is chief of Muirach Mhor, and is chief of Clan Mhnirach, or MacPherson, says a writer in the "Scottish Journal of Anti" Dhai Dhu, brother of Muirach Mhor, and second son of Gillecattan, left issue, who are quities" represented by Davidson of Invernahaven. The descendants of Dhai Dhu are called Clan Dhai, or Davidson. They are the Clan Kay of Sir Walter Scott and Inch of Perth celebrity (1396). The descendants of Muirach Mhor are called the Clan Mhuirach or MacPhersons." The chiefs of the Macintoshes have certainly held their chiefship over that name for nearly 500 years. Moy is said to have come into possession of William, seventh Macintosh of that Ilk, in tho year 1336 by a gift from David, Bishop of Murray, according to the Old Statisical Account of " Moy ; but that prelate was dead in 1299, according to Beatson's Index." James I. appointed Macintosh of that Ilk Captain of the Castle of Inverness after the battle of Harlaw in 1411. In 1526 Lachlan, the Laird of Macintosh, was slain by James Malcolmson, who, with his followers, fled to an isle in the Lake of Rothiemurchus ; "bot being apprehendit by MacIntoshe's kindred, they were all of them cutt to pieces," records Sir Tames Balfour. Hector, his natural brother, was appointed chief till his nephew should be of age, and in a quarrel with the Earl of Murray ravaged his lands, till the Earl procured letters of fire and sword against him. The Macintoshes were routed in battle and 200 of them were taken and hanged. Hector escaped, and no bribe or torture could induce his followers to reveal the place of his hiding. William, fifteenth Macintosh of that Ilk, was treacherously beheaded by the Countess of Huntly, when on a friendly visit to Huntly Castle in 1550, by the cook's hatchet. She was Elizabeth, daughter of William, third Earl Marischal. In 1587 Lachlan Macintosh is noted as "Captain of the Clan Chattan" in the "Geography of the Clans," 1873. In 1624 the Macintoshes, to the number of 500, attacked the Earl of Murray's people and captured his House of Pettie, now called Castle Stuart. In 16S9 Macintosh was kept out of Glenroy and Glenspean, which he claimed in Inverness-shire. He led 1000 of his people in 1089 to take vengeance upon Keppoch, who defeated him with only 500 at Inverary, and made him prisoner. He died in 1704, and his funeral was one of the most expensive ever known in the Highlands. In 1745 the strength of the fighting force was 800 ; but as the chief remained neutral, only 200 took the field, under MacGillivray of Dunmacglas. His countries are Brae Lochaber, Badenoch, and Strathnairn, Inverness-shire. Lachlan Macintosh, who died in 1704, was succeeded by bis son Lachlan, who was "out" in He was succeeded by his kinsman, William Macintosh of 1715, and died without issue in 1731. Daviot, who also died without issue in 1741, and was succeeded by his brother .(Eneas, created a Baronet by King George III. The Baronet dying without issue, the chieftainship devolved on his kinsman, the Hon. Angus Macintosh, resident in Canada he died in 1S33, and was succeeded by his son Alexander, who died in 1SG1, and was father of Alexander (died 1S76) and Alfred, at present
The old genealogy
Mhor and Dai Dhu,
Lus nan craimsheag, braoileag (Red Whortle).
tartan, according to Smith, is supposed to be "the genuine set which has been worn by the chiefs of this distinguished clan for many generations." The chiefs of some clans wore separate tartans from their men, which accounts for their being two tartans for the name Macintosh. An account of most of the chiefs will be found under the "Clan." When Lachlan, the nineteenth chief, died, his body lay in state from the 9th of December 1703 to the 18th of January 1704, and was followed to the grave by 2000 of his clansmen, a number of Farquharsons and MacPhersons, besides 220 men under Keppoch, and 200 horsemen. Lachian, his successor, had an even grander funeral, the expense of which amounted to 700.
very little seems to be known of this clan, but the name is derived from Angus, one of the oldest names in the Gaelic language. The Gaelic orthography is Aongas, but as in the genitive the g is aspirated by the following h, the word is pronounced Aon'es, from which Innes is derived. There can be no doubt that many of the latter name, as well as those called Maclnnes, are properly of the MacAon'ais clan at the same time, as Innes signifies an islet, many families may have taken the name as a local appellation which was common in Scotland, such as Blair, Ross, Moray, and many others. Morvern, the district of Argyleshire celebrated in the poems of Ossian as the territory of the great Fingal, was the chief seat of the clan, and in a romantic situation, at the confluence of a rapid stream, with a salt- water loch, stands the ruined and romantic castle of Ceannloch-aluin, long the residence of the MacAon'ais, a massy square tower or keep, reared by a lady named Du'ghall, which would imply the dark-complexioned stranger. It underwent at one time a very sharp siege, during which it was bravely defended by the Clan Aon'ais this was probably when it was taken and garrisoned by Montrose's Irish auxiliaries in 1645. The hereditary bowmen to the chiefs of MacKinnon were of the Clan Aon'ais, and thevalso had the duty of instructing the clan in the use of the bow.
Alaster was informed that this was the house of the chief of the Maclntyres. They were originally the Hereditary Foresters to the Stewarts." on the landing of King James in 1715. was born of poor parents at Druimliaghart. marched through Glen O . as their inhabitants had fled . Lords of Lorn. Another bard of the name of Maclntyre is mentioned in the Book of the Dean of Lismore. Mary at Rothesay. near the head of Lochawe. by a marriage with a co-heiress of the last Lord of Lorn of the Stewart family in 1435. with which be served till it was disbanded in 1799. Alaster MacColkeitach. March "Gabhaidh sinn an rathad mor" ("We will take the Highway"). with all the men of Glen O. In 1859 a stately monument of a Druidical style was erected to his memory at Dalmally. composed the salute. was the first to be given to the flames. until the last of them. which was roofed with heather. was the country of this sept. Duncan Ban Maclntyre. of this tribe. LEN . and the writer of his life in Reid's " Bibliotheca Scoto-Celtica" says. Badge: Fraoch (Common Heath) O. and fought at Falkirk under Colonel Campbell of Carwhin. 'and extinguish the flames. in 1724. and supposing himself to be still among the Campbells. but before the fire had made 'Then progress. it was carefully preserved by the Macintyres of that Ilk. with his brigade.' he exclaimed. He became a private in a Highland fencible regiment. when "Gillechrist M'Yntyr" witnesses a " Letter of Reversion" by the Rector of the Church of St. as a relique to ferring to the tradition above given. He is buried in the Greyfriars. His poems have gone through three editions. "All good judges of Celtic poetry agree that nothing like the purity of his Gaelic and the style of his poetry have appeared in the Highlands since the days of Ossian. 1644-45. and the dwelling of the chief. forbear." under date 1490. A burning coal was brought from the hearth and thrust into the deep thatch . The name occurs in the " Eglinton Memorials. for it is the house of our own blood!'" re"The coal was extracted from the roof. he "ordered all the houses in Glen O to be destroyed. " Failte Phrionsa. and were continued in their possessions and employments after the succession of the Glenorchy and Breadalbane families to that estate.56 THE CLAN OF MACINTYRE. near Bunawe. piper to Menzies of that Ilk. in Glenorchy. which General Stewart says they possessed from 1300 down to 1810. prove the respect paid by a Scotsman even to traditionary ties of kindred. were expatriated to America. Clan Pipe Music: War Cry: "Cruachan" (A mountain near Loch Awe). and. Though he never received any education he excelled in every kind of verse." John Maclntyre. Tradition says they are descended from the Macdonalds. in the district of Lorn." In his old age he became one of the City Guard at Edinburgh. During Montrose's invasion of Argyle. and "Christino M'Yntyr" witnesses an Instrument of Sasin in favour of the same priest. one of the best of modern Gaelic poets. where he died in 1812.
or Clan Morgan. In pursuance of a feud with the Sutherlands. Baron JEneas MaoKay." In 1(326 Sir Donald MacKay of Strathnaver levied a regiment of 2000 men for service in Bohemia and Sweden. Baron yEneas MacKay. qho brought him prisoner to Edinbrughe Castle. died in 1876 and was succeeded by his son. eleventh and present Lord Reay (born 1839). He joined Charles I. with his own sword. tenth Lord Reay. and the soldiers were wont to say that "Hugh feared nought but God " He fell at the battle of Steinkirke in 1692. He left a descendant. and afterwards fought his enemies at a place called Aldine-beh. William Sutherland.of Cathnes and sendes the Earl of Sutherland with an armey against MacKay of Strathnanerne by land. He died in 1512. with a navey by sea. where he was routed. and was taken prisoner when Newcastle was stormed by the Scottish army and sent to the Tolbooth of Edinburgh. and Auchness. The MacKays had no charters for their lands before 1499." there is one to " Gilchreist Macymor M'Cay. In the year named. was embodied in 1793. She fynnes the Earl . from being an ensign in the Scots Royals in 1660. Donald. When the last Sutherland Fencibles. The two armies met at a place called Blair Tannie. after which he went to Sweden. who retired into the interior mountain fastnesses before the Norse invaders. or I (Hugh) MacKay.57 THE CLAN OF MACKAY. Lord Reay's country now belongs to another race and name. . where he was made Governor of Bergen in 1649. E and slain in 1479. His long career of service was a most brilliant one. and were designated of Strathnaver. He was made a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1627. who became heir to the Peerage of Reay. In Robertson's " Index to the missing Charters of Robert III. War Cry: Clan Pipe "Bratach bhan Chlann Aoidh" ("The White Banner of MacKay"). he was imprisoned in the Castle of Foulis. whom he had frequently harried. until recently. and was succeeded by his son Donald of Farre and Strathnaver. by whom he was defeated at Killiecrankie. In 1427 Angus Dhu MacKay led 4000 men in the feud between the Keith and the people of Caithness. John MacKay of this clan. and in 1628 a Peer of Scotland by the title of Lord Reay. His son. by charter 1539. and made the chief of each clan answerable for its good conduct. of whom there were seventeen in the company of Captain Sackville Sutherland. " The Laird of " Grant. the family for more than one generation resided in Holland. but was defeated next oldest branch." in the shire of Bute. but not before he had slain. he marched to the village of Knock artall. and. Chamberlain of Holland. where he died in April 1802. Lament "Cumha Dhomhuill Mhic Aoidh" ("Lament for Donald MacKay"). there were many MacKays in its ranks over 104 being William MacKays. the Abrach MacKays invaded Caithness. The MacKays of Scourie. was the founder of the Botanical Garden at Edinburgh. invaded them in revenge. Hugh MacKay of Scourie. a corps disbanded in 1798. and a bloody conflict ensued near Thurso. Music: March " Piobaireachd Chlann Aoidh" ("MacKay's March"). quher he lay for a long tyme thereafter. Slol Wiorgain. the eminent botanist. and the latter were defeated by the valour of Angus in 1438. and presents them to justice. when lye Roy MacKay of Farre obtained one from James IV. of the lands of Kintyre. Badge: Luachair-bhog (Bulrush). and died soon after. for which. are considered the .. bringes in the heades of some of his kindred. by command of the Queen Regent. In the end of 1442 Angus was burned to death in the church of Tarbet by the men of Ross." says Balfour. burned it. ! . Several of this ancient race were called V. in 1674 found himself Major-General at the head of the Scots-Dutch Brigade in succession to Claverhouse. quhome he could not bringe in alive. John MacKay of Farre. the descendants of a pure Celtic stock. was the ancient patronymic of the MacKays. and Ihone Kennedy. but have returned permanently to Scotland. . In 1556 Mary of Guise went north as far as Inverness. or Bealaidh (Broom).
From these descended the MacKenzies of Pluscardine and Lochslyne. was declared in March 1895 to hold all her father's titles. Kilcowie. accordHe and his brother ing to Douglas. and narrowly escaped He was faithful to Mary of Guise. raised the " the Ross-shire Buffs. when a rising in Scotland. In Mackenzie's History of the Clan the earliest date which can be assigned for its acquisition of Kintail from John. became in her own right (1S61). after which he returned to Scotland. and so is Countess of Cromartie. son of Kenneth. Henry. was raised to the Peerage in 1609 as Lord MacKenzie of Kintail. Francis. and died in 14SS. in 1778 raised the old Seaforth Highlanders. George.. " " 4th July. He followed to Ireland and to France his Royal master through war and exile.T. is confirmed. of Feeling. the title devolved on his half-brother. Baroness MacLeod and Castlehaven. and died in 1554. eleventh chief." In Robertsons ' ' Index of Missing Charters there is a Crown Charter of Confirma" Kintale " in tion by David II. Kenneth MacKenzie of Gairloch was created a Bart. the clan. Kenneth. and was at the battle of Glenshiel in 1719. died in 1888. but as his patent had not passed the Great Seal of Scotland. who was author of . in his expedition to the north in 1426. Kenneth. therefore. and his elder daughter Sibell. son of John. son of Christian. the traveller. to Reginald. and K. fought bravely for Queen Mary at the battle of Langside. and was succeeded by William. followed James IV. Lament "Cumha Thigearna Badge: Ghearrloch" ("Gairloch's Lament"). and Seaforth. Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (1870-74). Hilton. all MacKenzies. as Earl of Cromartie. accompanied James I. After the forfeiture of the Lords of the Isles. Earl of Ross.58 THE CLAN OF MACKENZIE War Cry: Clan Pipe Music: "Tulach Ard " (A mountain in Kintail). Earl William. was one of the Privy Council to King James VII. The fighting force of the MacKenzies is given by Forbes at 2500 men. but for the attainder." The Chieftainship and the Earldom were claimed by MacKenzie-Fowler of Allangrange but now Anne (only child of John Hay MacKenzie of Cromartie and New-hall). under Humberston MacKenzie. aided by a few Spanish Infantry. for the lands of 1344. of pure Scoto-Gaelic descent. by his son Kenneth. was created Earl of Seaforth in 1623.. Earl of Ross. Colin. as sixth Earl. son of Gilleoin-Oig of the Aird. dated 134-2. George. and would have been succeeded the remainder of his life in peace and retirement. He died in 1S93. fought in his old age at being: made prisoner. as the MacKenzies are called. toFlodden with a body of his clan. Glenshiel. son of Angus. fifth Earl. of Logie. dying without issue. author of the "Writers of the Scots Nation . etc. with a strain of Irish. and Comrie. and Gairloch. son of Lord Fortrose. and was succeeded by her second son. for service in India. granted him a pardon for his life in 1726. and spent He died in 1740. in 1629. attaintd in 1715. Colin. when a grant of that and other lands by William. Countess of Cromartie. Skatwell. and was subsequently Secretary of State for Scotland. Queen Regent. as asserted by Douglas and In the " lona Club Transactions" their descent in 1450 is given as follows : others. Viscountess Tarbet. like all others in the West became independent. and now both regiments are formed in one. "The genealogy of the Clan Kenneth Murdoch. great Earl of the North. Countess of Cromartie. (Holly). son of " Adam. where he remained till George I. son of Roderick de Insulis. is 1463. the title was only He died in 1701. and was created Marquis of Seaforth . for which he was is " afterwards pardoned by the Regent Murray. In the field of literature we cannot forget Sir Alexander MacKenzie. 1781-1816. He went to Holland after the murder of Charles I. their eldest son. Lord Fortrose. as the 1st and 2nd Battalions of Duke of Albany's Seaforth Highlanders. was concerted by the Marquis of Tullibardine and the Earl Marischal. in 16S7. his eldest son by Barbara Grant of that Ilk. seventh chief of Kintail. Alexander." or famous clan. by a charter under the Great Seal. He was ancestor of the MacKenzies. The Lord of Loch Carron. 1000 strong. adding those of the Earl of Cromartie and the Lairds of Gairloch. "The Man The above-named Anne. afterwards numbered as the 72nd. and in 1771 was restored to the Earldom of Seaforth. Cuileann HE descent of the chief of this clan MacKenneth. after the insurrection of 1715. Kenneth. Pinkie. Duchess of Sutherland. was created an In gratitude. In 1793 the " 7Sth. made his escape to France. son of Kenneth. fourth Earl. having repurchased the property from the Crown. he and the clan of the Caberjey." . and there are six other Baronetcies i. who died Earl of Seaforth in 1816.borne by members of the clan. the ninth chief." and more than all. Irish Peer as Viscount Fortrose. John of Lochslyne. Redcastle. John. who was recognised by the Jacobites.
II & s ^ II 58. MACKENZIE .
crest. Dean's MS. a cadet of Buchanan. Buchanan of Auchmar. motto." stag trippant all ppr. a " Not too muck. crest. and motto of their own. there are two poems ascribed to Gillecallum Mac an Ollaimh. ar . and stated that the name signifies Malcolm. who wrote his book upon Scottish surnames before 1723. It is stated in a footnote that the name is found still in the form of Mclnally. the name of McKinlay as descended from Fionnladh MacArtair of that family. Arms. crest. the Gaelic form of which is Fionnladh. and the translator has rendered the name in modern Gaelic as Giilecallurn Mac an Ollaimh.59 MACKINLAY. Mac-ionnlay. gave under the heading of Drumnakill. . an armed arm holding a branch of olive. and motto gu. a collection belonging to the early part of tne sixteenth In the century. the son of the chief bard or physician. the Dean of Lismore's Book. MacKinlay is more commonly regarded as being derived from the name Finlay. gillicallum ru'yn olle. the name appears in these forms Gilcallum m'ynnollaig. There is also a family of the name of MacKindlay who have arms. The form MacFhionnlaidh is pronounced as nearly as English spelling can show it. : N .
MACKKNLAY.Ill Ill 1 ^s ' 69. .
" This ancient tribe can be traced to Ferchar Oig. This was soon after the battle of Lochgruinard in 1598. This clan has furnished several officers of distinction. MacKinnon and his clan accompanied the MacLeans on an expedition against the MacDonalds. and nephew of General MacKinnon. Giuthas (Pine Tree). In 1515 the MacKinnons took part in the rebellion of Sir Donald MacDouald of Lochalsh . with 150 of his clan. and fought at Culloden . and. 1476. full of woods. but was pardoned in 1727. when a desperate conflict ensued at a place called Bern Bige. died in his seventy-fifth year in 1756. possessions of this clan in Skye are thus described by Monro..60 THE CLAN OF MACKINNON. In 1579 Fynnoun MacKynnoun of Strathardill. Not far from it is the tomb of his father. inscribed thus }HE : M : anno Domini MCCCCLXXXIX. Abbot of lona. together with Lochbuy. and includes Finlay. Hcec est crux Lacolani M'Fingone. for preventing him receiving the rents of his See. Dean of the Isles " The Castill of (159 4) Dunakym . was summoned for acts of rebellion 1545. . aifixed his seal as one of the Council of the Lords of the Isles who were forfeited in He died in 1500. the date on his tomb in lona. more particularly Daniel MacKinnon. The clan was " out " in the year 1745. Their name occurs in many a feud and strife during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. the chief. and Lachlane Oig. On the 1st of November 1409 Lachlan MacFingon. good for fishing. by John. his son. At the shore of Skye lyes one iyle called Pabay. the Castill of Dunningill pertaining to the said M'Kynnoun. killed in the breach at Ciudad Rodrigo. In a history of the clan we are told that in the charter chests of Lochbuy there is preserved a charter dated 1492 (?) to which John MacKinnon. fought for King Jamesat Sheriftmuir. were reported to the King. and after being long a prisoner in the Tower and Tilbury Fort. and in 1645 were at the battles of Inverlochy and Auldearn. a gentleman). forfeited for treason. In 1503 MacKinnon of that Ilk is mentioned among the chiefs to take action against Duart and Lochiel. from whom sprang the Clan Fingon. second son of the chief. War Cry: "Cuimhnich bas Ailpein" ("Remember the death of Badge: Alpin").e. vir nobilis (i. witnessed a charter by the Lord of the Isles to Hector M'Lean of Duart. et ejusjilii Johannis Abbatis de Yj'acta Lauchlan. The MacKinnons served under Montrose. again. their old chief was taken. In 1715 John Dhu MacKinnon of that Ilk. and was attainted. It pertains to 'Kynnonn. and the MacLeans. and a main shelter for thieves and cut-throats. Ewen nan Cat/t. In 1650 Lachlan MacKinnon and his clan fought for the King at Worcester. Bishop of the Isles. the son of Fingon. He was Colonel of the Coldstream Guards and wrote a history of that regiment at the request of William IV.
. .111 '-*./ SN^^^^ * 60 MACKINNON.
near the ancient castle. the eighth year of the reign of Robert III. with a frontage of 72 feet." In 1794. J. is the twenty-second and present chief. A . or in Argyleshire. with others of that surname there. and states that his mother was Elizabeth. 1678. the principal of these being MacLachlan of Coryuanon . of old called Kilmorie." In the Parliament under Charles II. the walls of which were over 47 feet in height. who have resided there from time immemorial. In the "Index of Missing Charters" of Robert I. with an average of 1J miles in breadth. Jac. but was taken at the battle of Philip" haugh. who is named in the account as of a remote time. In 1810 Captain MacLachlan of the Royal Marines of H. Badge : Faochag (Little Periwinkle). Donald MacLachlan died.TRATHLACHLAN. Caledonia. with a charter in favour of Celestin MacLachlan. published for the Spalding Club. when Donald MacLachlan of that Ilk was chief. The name occurs frequently in that quaint volume "Brittanes Distemper. which confirmation was dated 1394. he resided in a modern house. In 1645 Corronel M'Lachlan led a regiment of foot under Montrose at Alford. and the name Lachlansem occurs in three charters under the same monarch. under Admiral Sir Harry Neale.). He appears in the previous Roll of 1587 (Act.. is the country of this clan . Earl of Lennox. daughter of a Lord of Cowal . in the shire of Stirling. a castle of Argyle's in Lochawe. confirms a charter. After being followers of the Lords of the Isles. it is 11 miles in length. and that this corresponds with the tradition that this clan derived their possessions in Cowal through an heiress of the.M. whose nephew. VI. There is another numerous sept of the MacLachlans residing in Morvern and Lochaber. spiking the guns there. The name of the parish is now derived from the MacLachlans of that Ilk. " Among others of the clan. the laird. and put to death in the Castill of Edinburgh. The tradition regarding it is that it was built by a lady at the time her husband.. and was succeeded by his son Robert.S. there is one to "Gillespie M'Lachlan of the tenth land of Schyrwaghthyne. he adds." etc.. Kilchurn. Lachlan MacLachlan of that Ilk. Archibald MacLachlan of Craigentarve was a Commissioner for Argyle. Clan Pipe Music: Salute Moladh Mairi ("The Praise of Mary"). from a chapel of the Virgin Mary. Laments. Uinnsean (Ash Tree). the Captain of Innisconnel. Archibald MacLachlan of Strathlachlan and that Ilk appears in the Roll of 1594. so frequently quoted. distinguished himself in the Basque Roads at the storming of the battery on the Point du Che. one of whose ancestors. Parl. Duncan. and MacLachlan.61 THE CLAN OF MACLACHLAN. Auchmar enumerates MacLachlan of Auchintroig. with his chief. of this family are MacLachlan of Drumlane in Menteith. granted by Eugene MacKesson of Garchells to one of the said Celestin's ancestors. and evidently borrowed from that of the Castle of in one of the Crusades." by Gordon of " " Ruthven. was abroad serving most unlikely story. the ancient Lords of that district. the MacLachlans became dependent on the Campbells. John. and routed the enemy's cavalry . Robertson says that the genealogy of this clan is that of Lachlan Oig.
81. . MACLAOHLAN.
Buaidh chraobh. and rapidly attained high distinction as a mathematician and writer. He fought at Vinegar Hill. Professor of Mathematics at Edinburgh. and their name is better known in peace than war. a'HIS tribe. One of the most eminent was Colin MacLaren or MacLauren. destitute. was^born in the Highlands in 1755. though a list of his works. and was educated by the Rev. published at Edinburgh in 1835. As the Clan Lauren they appear in the Roll of the Broken Clans in the Highlands and Isles in 1594. sometimes called MacLaurin. and served in the American War under Generals Howe and Clinton as a " The Coup de private soldier. minister of Glendaruel. extending from Lochearnhead. and are stigmatised in the Act of Parliament as being among " " the wickit thevis and but they figure in company with the lymmaris of the clans Clan Donnachaidh. was born at Edinburgh in 1743. After producing two pieces at the Edinburgh Theatre with credit.- "Creag an Tuirc" ("The Boar's Rock"). Main" and the "Highland Drover. which certainly never could be . He was buried at the Greyfriars Church. leaving his family to support himself by his pen. author of a Gaelic version of the He was born at Kilmodan in 1698. na laibhreas (Laurel). when fifteenth year. having been active in making plans for the defence of the city against the Highlanders. and others. War Cn/: Badge . the Clan Chattan. John MacLaurin. and was raised to the Bench in 1787. John MacLaren.strip of country. till they bordered on the MacGregors of Glengyle. The suffering he experienced by his journey there on horseback laid the foundation of the illness of which he died in 1746." Notices of this clan are -eery scanty. one hundred in number. and after his discharge strove He closed a life of struggle in 1826 in London. Another of the clan." in both of which he acted with spirit. Daniel Psalms. . Lord Dreghorn. a prolific dramatic writer of some merit. " Broken Clans. an eminent Senator of the College of Justice. son of the Rev. he had to seek shelter in the city of York. evinced his industry and care. He graduated at the University of Glasgow in his In 1745. Archibald MacLaren. occupied a narrow . MacLaurin. minister of Kilfinan. the year 1794 saw him a sergeant in the Dumbarton Highlanders.62 THE CLAN OF MACLAREN.
62. MACLAREN. .
63 THE CLAN MACLEAN OF DUART. who was apprehended in Edinburgh in 1745 on suspicion of being He was conveyed to London. which was only visible at low water. Club Miscell. Sir John. In 1598 he fought in the dreadful clan battle of Lochgruinard against the Mac" Donalds of Islay. died in 1649. but did not appear. he caused her to be exposed on the rock. The Castle of Duart. who fell at the battle of Inverkeithing in 1651.). for Duart. being in Edinburgh." which lies between Lismore and the coast of Mull. or be put to the horn. In the same year Lieutenant-General MacLean succeeded Don Jose A. then of Duart. this clan. and she was the heroine of that story connected with " The Lady's Rock. was much involved in the political affairs of Warren Hastings in 1776. and proved himself a gallant soldier at the battle of Glenlivat in 1594. By his wife Mary. and 200 common soldiers lying dead about him. " In 1579 Hector MacLean of Coll complained to the Council that he had been utterlie wrakkit Lachlan MacLean of Duart. and assassinated by Sir John Campbell of Calder. .-Gathering "Caismeachd Eachainn Mhic Ailein nan Sop" ("MacLean's Gathering"). connected by a high wall with the keep.. . Lachlan Cattanach MacLean of Duart married Lady Elizabeth. at the castle of that name (Spald." of imprisoning Donald MacLean in Carnbulg and of having nine two women murdered at his instance in the Isle of Gigha. In 1632 Lachlan MacLean of Duart was created a baronet of Nova Scotia by Charles I. Two buildings of more recent date. Badge : Cuileann (Holly). which he wished to conquer. Among the list of the slain at Flodden. of course. was surprised when in bed. Earl of Huntly. but only to break out afterwards with greater violence . It is of great antiquity. with Keppoch and others. He prosecuted a feud with " MacDonald of Duny vag he was accused of causing to strek the held from Hector MacLean Allan" maist honest men " and son . who died in 1674. like several others. till the Act of Grace was passed. Colonel Lachlan MacLean. as vassals of these Their genealogy deduces princes they existed long under chiefs of their own. In 1536 Hector MacLean. In 1745 the clan could muster 500 claymores. Lachlan Barroch MacLean. in which the MacDonalds were almost cut off by the MacLeans and three other clans. signed a bond of Manrent " vitht my hand at the pen. who had served in the army of that country from 1763. The title devolved upon his brother. Count of Oriolo. Alan. His son. and joining the Earl of battle of Killiecrankie. From this situation the intended victim was rescued by a boat passing. Sir Hector died unmarried at Paris in 1750. iv. acting under the orders of James VI. as Governor of Portuguese Estremadura. to whom He he was zealously attached. when he was slain. courageously fighting with 80 of the principal men of his kin.") gives the name of Hector MacLean of Duart. and conveyed to her brother's house. and in whose cause he participated in all the triumphs of Montrose. the son of Jerath. Lachlan of Duart was afterwards knighted. he left a Mar. Dr Abercrombie (" Martial Achievements. Her relations smothered their resentment for a time. and was succeeded by his only son. Sennachies have asserted that the surname of MacLean was originally MacGillian. who raised the clan at the Revolution. They were in years. . Francis Lobo. Clan Pipe Music . and kept there a prisoner for two service and enlisting men for it. the I HE ancient . so called. Lachlan resolved to get rid of his wife. was chased with the rest of his men even to their boats and vessels. . form an oblong square of 120 by 72 feet. the first military honour in the kingdom ever given to any but the highest of nobles. when the title devolved upon his cousin (great grandOne of son of Donald MacLean of Broloss) from whom the present baronet is lineally descended. and is a square tower with walls of enormous thickness. which his descendants use as their crest to this day between a laurel and cypress branch. lady's brother. He had previously been Governor of Almeida and the whole province of Beira." The battle of Benbigger followed." to George. and was succeeded by his son Hector. daughter of Angus MacPherson of Essick. This powerful and numerous clan has been seated in the Island of Mull from a very remote period. who fell at Flodden leading the vanguard . them from Gilleain. occupies the verge of a high cliff on the coast of Mull. fought at the victorious In 1715 he unfurled the standard of loyalty again. appointed General-in-Chief and Governor of Lisbon. one of which was occupied as a garrison in the last century. as an independent one till the forfeiture of the Lord of the Isles in 1476 though. who had captured his castle and destroyed its plenishing for which by Lachlan was summoned to appear within six days. Sir Hector. Two of the clan attained military rank in the service ef Portugal. in the French son. Colonel MacLean. derived from a famous Celtic warrior who was known as Gillian-nanTuagh. was in 1773. a daughter of Archibald. and joining Viscount Dundee. etc. or of the battle axe. Earl of Argyle. fought at Sheriffmuir. the first line at Culloden under the Duke of Perth. intending that she should be swept away by the return of the tide.
MACLEAN OF QUART .63.
Lochbuie is in a good state of preservation. Esquire. With regard to the name. daughter of A. Badge: Cuileann (Holly). who was door-keeper. The parties encountered each other at a place called Knockbreck in Badenoch. viz. to open the but gate of the castle. Clan Pipe Music: March "Spaidsearachd Chlann Ill-Eathain" ("M'Lean's March"). . There are some excellent Latin verses composed by Phillips of Annyscloss. The nominal possessions of the family were vast. C. The present chief is Murdoch Gillian MacLaine of Lochbuie. Murdoch Gear.T. and Mull. MacLean of Duart. Availing himself of the advantage thus given him. there is no record of the correct mode of spelling. She caused her husband. who is believed to have married a lady of the clan MacLeod. Which of these brothers was . K. On arriving he was recognised by his nurse. This was the first blood shed for James's cause in Scotland. Duror. MacLean. Lochbuie joined Dundee next morning. MacLaine. Tiree. Viscount Dundee. with their kinsmen the MacLeans of Duart. and the two families were friends ever after. The Hector land adjacent to Lochbuie was owned by a chief named MacFadyean. he recognised the dirk. etc. At a place between Lochbuie and Grulin the two branches of the clan fought a pitched battle. The celebrated Sir Archibald MacLaine. when MacLaine rushed in. leaving his estates to his only son.. Hector MacLaine of Lochbuie with 300 men on his march to join Dundee. and after a severe fight Lochbuie put the horse to flight and killed the commander. a great Jacobite. In course of time one of the chiefs of Lochbuie died. [HIS ancient family sprang from Hector Reganach. on the Knockbreck engagement. from whom descend the MacLeans of Duart they were the sons of Eoin Dubh. or Grainseag dhubh (Blackberry Heath). he was soon able to add these lands to his own. with the loss on the MacLaine's side of one ensign and some few private soldiers. the lands The Castle of of Lochiel. under command of a major of MacKay's army.. of Matagorda fame was a cadet of the House of Lochbuie. ete. thinking this a favourable opportunity for seizing the lands. When MacLean woke in the morning and found his hair fastened The MacLaines to the ground. who was settled in the Island of Mull. by Emilie. who knew him from a mole on his breast. Scarba. brother of Lauchlan Lnbanach. and was soon not only master of the castle. served with Graham of Claverhouse. as in manuscripts one comes across MacLeane. who was sleeping along with some of his men he drew his dirk and twisted it in the hair of his rival and then left him.B. having separate Tartans and Arms. estates also. Glenco. son of the late Donald MacLaine of Lochbuie. or Black John. an infant. invaded the territory of his young kinsman. who was only saved by being conveyed to Ireland. 1645. although this family has always claimed the seniority of Hector. and also under Montrose. being one of the MacLaines of Scalasdale. Morven. Their names appear in Montrose's bond to unite the loyalty of the Highlands against the powers of Argyll.. Lochbuie when returning home after the battle fell in with Duart. . Jura. The MacLeans of Duart were defeated. was attacked by five troops of horse sent by the enemy to intercept him. Vincent. On attaining manhood he resolved to attempt the recovery of his estates. Beganach obtained permission from him to build a fortalice at the head of the Iqch on a high rock close to the sea.64 CLAN MACLAINE OF LOCHBUIE. including the celebrated dungeon. MacLayne. the elder has never been properly authenticated. and with ten brave Irishmen set sail to Mull for that purpose.. There is no doubt that the clans of Lochbuie and Duart were separate.
64. MACLAINE OF LOOHBUIE. .
and Glenelg appears at the same date as chief of the Siol Tormaid . and both were independent of each other. who. but in revenge for his being instrumental in putting to death one of that family who acted as Laird of Lewis. the latter marched into his country. and which were disputed. a man of low stature. "The present head of the family (1794) is Jean Nicolas de Macleot. In the island of Handa. chief of the Siol About Dunvegan II. his clan. duRoi.) Clan Pipe Music: March " lomaradh Mhic Leoid" ("MacLeod's Praise"). Angus MacKay of Strathnaver married a sister of MacLeod of Lewis and as he used her ill. Lus nan craimsheag. Alaster Crotach (or the Humpbacked) MacLeod of that Ilk (or Dunvegan). Francis. From some information given by "the Chevalier de Macleot" at Lisle in 1787. eldest son of Roderick of the Lewis. Some time towards the close of the fourteenth century. and Assint. So lately as 1814. off the Sutherland coast. in the west. braoileag (Red Whortleberry). called the branch of Torquil . This judge had James VI. "but their heir-male is Raasay. and died in the ranks of the Scots Brigade. women. besides " " granted a charter to Malcolmo filio Turmode Maclode for the lands of Glenelg. though both are descended from the son of Leod. He is called the son of William MacLeod of Dunvegan. as a soldier of fortune. and fought a pitched battle in 1406 at a place Tuttumtarwigh. About 1660 the superiority of Assint passed to the Earl of Seaforth after there had been fourteen successive lairds born there of that name. where he was slain with many of . Gendarme of the Scottish Guard.65 THE CLAN OF MACLEOD. Mackay of Strathnaver." says Robertson. After their forfeiture the MacLeods became independent. MacLeod of that Ilk and of Harris. was the chief." wrote the Lord President in " The 1745. though Lewis was the oldest cadet. gentilhomme ordinair . 's commission to maintain good order in the country and though he was murdered by this MacLeod it was for no injury done to himself. ravaged it. Clement in Harris. who lived in the time of James V. and the MacLeods of Harris. but matchless strength. and Cadboll and Geanies in Boss-shire. a branch of the Siol Torquil. who gave his name to the entire sept. After ten years' captivity he was released.. there would seem to have been a considerable branch of the clan settled in France since 1530. John M'Dhoil-vic-Huishdon. in a quarrel with the people of Eigg. . - Lament Badge: "Cumha Mhic Aiteann (Juniper). had gifted his ancient patrimony. From these and other circumstances it is supposed that the Harris tribe was the senior. " By him it was that Judge Morrison was slain. a life-rent grant of Assint was given to Y. with Isla and several other chiefs. (DRESS TARTAN. William MacLeod of Harris. " The rival family of Lewis became extinct. He can bring out 700 men. Prince of Orange. with a ship of twenty-six oars. Sir Walter Scott found the floor of the cavern strewed with the bones of 200 men." The MacLeods of Lewis and Harris "are both utterly extinct. and went to Holland to serve under Maurice. also Malcolm MacLeod of Raasay. for resisting the Duke of Lennox. descended from David MacLeod. Coggach. or Leoid" ("MacLeod's Lament"). to whom James VI. Another charter grants Tormod the lands of Assint. present Laird of Macleod is chief of the name. Dunvegan. Torcuil. is still the seat of MacLeod of that Ilk. and whose pedigree " goes to a very remote ancestor called Laigh the Strong." The stately and picturesque Castle of Dunvegan." The chief of the Harris branch has been variously designated "MacLeod of MacLeod. and children of the MacDonald clan. Seigneur de Terreigne Pierreville. called the branch of Tormod. He got a gift of the lands of Ardmannach in 1498. The Harris MacLeods had also large possessions in Skye. HIS clan is divided into two tribes the MacLeods of Lewis. was committed a prisoner to the Castle of Edinburgh. The tomb of Alaster Crotach still remains in the Church of St. before the Revolution. on the west coast of Skye. Both were powerful. which title and estate he claimed on his father's death. 13-14 David ." In 1605 Tormod MacLeod of Lewis. or cave of St. smoked scores of them to death in the Uamh Fhrainc. On the forfeiture of MacLeod of Lewis. for which he was to render service to the King. nearest heir-male of the MacLeods of Lewis after the descendants of the body of Roderick MacLeod of Lewis. While the Lords of the Isles existed both families held their lands under them." There were other branches Raasay in Inverness-shire. In the Roll of the Clans in 15S7 we find Torquil of Coggach. there lived in the reign of James VI.
\.XXXXXXXVmXXXXXXXV\ 66. MACLEOD .
is a stone cross. covered with beautifully executed foliage and other ornaments. subsequently returned to Argyle. others Braidalban. Badge : Cuileann (Holly). Here they rose to considerable importance. with apparent right. Gille Maol. MacMillan of Ounmore assumed the chiefship. at least twelve feet high. and taking up his residence at Badokenan. by purchase. they became the possessors of the Castle Sweyn. and in 1775 the estates became the property. the name of the property which had been obtained from the Lord of the Isles and it is said that he had the charter engraved on the top of a rock at the boundary of his land in the Gaelic language and letter. Some of the Kintyre MacMillans found their way into Arran last century. Glen Shira. and they were among the trustiest followers of Lochiel. their known possessions. The contention was finally settled in favour of the Campbells'by mutual concessions. but were opposed by the MacNeils. and in the burial-ground of the chapel of Kilmore. but this house also became extinct. I . where the chief was distinguished from his residence asMacMillan of Cnap. Through the marriage of a chieftain with the heiress of the chief of the MacNeils. original country was Argyle. others say Lochaber in Inverness . was the progenitor of the MacMillans of Glena Shera. preserved among the descendants of the Covenanters. however. One of the towers of this stronghold Those who went to Argyle settled in the southern is called "MacMillan's Tower. supposed to have been driven from Strath Tay." part. began to flourish in Knapdale in the sixteenth century. Alexandri MacMillan. amid which is " Haec est crux represented a spirited deer hunt. were on both sides of Loch Arkaig." One of the clan. Some say their traditions in regard to the origin of this clan are very conflicting. and from them have sprung the most distinguished bearers of the name. by the head of Loch Fyne. which was built by them." who were " MacMillanites " his Bible is still also called . Another branch. where they were dependent on the Clan Cameron. On the extinction of the family of Cnap. when the Campbells laid claim to the lands.66 THE CLAN MACMILLAN. and others. One of this " southern branch distinguished himself as a preacher and leader of the Cameronians. and Caillie. The MacMillans of Lochaber latterly dwelt in Muir Lagan. The branch best known in history is that which passed into the district of Galloway. Glen Spean. On one side is inscribed in rude Saxon characters. of Sir Archibald Campbell of Inver Neil. HE .
.i i i hH 66. MACMILLAN.
sent a gillie to Crieff for provisions at Christmas time. that he will appear upon the 3rd day of the nixt justice aire of the Sherefdome of Perth. On the 18th of the same month there was another letter written by Monk to Glenorchy. for Allestar Barrayth Maknab. Smooth John dashed open the door with his foot. Bha'n oidhch' an oidhche. The last descendants of the ancient chiefs are now settled in Canada. son of Allester M'Nab (sic). For fourteen days the MacNabs defended the fortalice. brother John. "and to assist in putting the haill MackNabs out of the country. . returned with all the plunder they could collect to Kennil House. Na biodhjlamh oirbh!" (Be in fear of nothing). and they lived by plunder." And this protection was also given to Archibald MacNab of Agharm." had twelve sons. as she has paid sesse and lived peaceably since her husband's death. to underly the law for all crymes that may be imput to him. so often referred to. MacNab of that Ilk. they were inherited by his descendants. all men of great strength. and rushing in. the MacNabs and the Neishes. N the lads were the lads In 1578 caution in 500 merks was found by Colin Campbell of Airdbaith.-Salute "Failte Mhic an Aba" ("MacNab's Heath). but they still retained a small portion called Bowaine or Bovin. after many of the MacNabs had been slain by his sword. or "Smooth John MacNab. in Breadalbane. this clan is deduced from Ferchar. In the time of James V. who lived between 1150 and 1180." During the reign of James IV. and the . It is a Francis Jittle marble slab built into the wall. at that time when the royal authority could not be entrusted to any one belonging to that wild and warlike district. had been at bitter feud. Badge: Fraoch (Common ancient Gaelic genealogy. killed at Almeida in 1811. the chief of the MacNabs. the twelve brothers put every man therein to the sword save one and a boy. John. ! : ' . save one. Menteith in his " History of the Troubles" mentions Mackgregor and Macknab. but escaped. Skirmishes between the clans had been frequent. suffered the loss of the greater part of their lands. In 1654 the Laird of Glenorchy was empowered by General Monk to make up certain "losses' he had sustained out of the chief of MacNab's estates. on which they launched it. Clan Pipe Music ." In 1646 John MacNab of that Ilk. to the memory of a son of MacNab of that Ilk Maximus MacNab. exclaiming. covered with wounds. "The night was the night. he must have volunteered for special service. As his lands were within the glen of that name. and. Victory declared for the MacNabs only a remnant of the Neishes escaped and their chief fell. till the concussion of their firearms caused the water in the well to subside. who lived in Kennil House. when their father " entered and said. against Robert I. The MacNabs having joined the MacDougals. their head was an old man. 21st November. amid which are what seem the remains of an ancient chapel . and bent the guns on the castle from the opposite side of the glen. On an island in Lochearn the remnant of the Neishes took shelter . they carried a boat on their shoulders from Loch Tay to Loghearn. when the last occupier resigned. The old burial-place of this tribe is at Killin. each belted on his arms. in the vicinity of Lochearn. led by their if the lads were the lads). with a good number of the Farquharsons of the shire of Mar." dated Dalkeith. There Smooth John held up the head of the chieftain of the Neishes. though leading 300 of his clan. was taken and sent to Edinburgh. Lieutenant of the Gordon Highlanders.. said. while contemplating the " bloody heads with extreme complacency. was ironically known as Ian min Mac an Aba. and cutting otf their heads. says General Stewart (in 1822) " a family of the name of MacNab had occupied the same farm for nearly four centuries till within these last few years. and in Gaelic they are called Clan-an-Aba. with Lord Napier and Drummond of Balloch. At Inch Ewen. The dark hint was taken. and at length a regularly pitched battle was fought between them on the confines of a glen north of the foot of Lochearn. cutting their way through Middleton's guards. In the house of the Neishes all was dark and silent. and old MacNab. on which they all made a sally forth on the night of the 14th March.67 THE CLAN OF MACNAB. a near kinsman of the Jate chief. These young men were gloomily meditating revenge in the evening. and. Salute")." When Montrose was in arms for the King in 1645. and rowed over to the island. na'm bu ghillean na gillean" (The night is the night. garrisoned Montrose's patrimonial Castle of Kincardine for the King. from their chief ancestor having been the Abbot of Glendochart. Lords of Lorn. to die on the field of Worcester. whose eldest son. The Abbot of Glendochart was a man of such consequence that in the reign of William the Lion he was joined with the Earl of Athole in having the rule and management of Argyleshire. but. John MacNab of that Ilk. escaped to join Montrose. As his regiment was not there. immediately below the bridge that spans the Dochart. but on his return he was waylaid and robbed by the Neishes. On this Major-General Sir John Middleton drew off a body of infantry and cavalry with a battering train for Stirling. on a picturesque island covered with fine sward and shaded by pine trees. son of Feredach. among the clans who joined him at Foredoun " the clans of in 1045. "desiring him to forbeare to trouble the widowe of the deceased Laird of M'Nab. no stone or memorial is there. with his clan.
" records an ancient grant by charter from Alexander III. of Dunderove." It is doubtful undir bagage of Lady M'Nauchton's. son of Sir John MacNaughton of that Ilk. one of the bravest and most accomplished men of his time. by order of Charles I. and grandson of Sir Alexander.. Leslie Melville for the Bannatyne Club. Captain MacNaughton of the Scots Foot Guards. and one of the leaders of the The lands and possessions of the clan were certainly little Irish colony in 506. Alexander MacNaughton was deemed. His ancestor was Ian Dhu. or Maurice. Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow granted a Charter of Confirmation to "Maurice MacNaughton of sindrie lands in Over Lochow. in Lochow. who fell at Flodden. In the reign of Robert III. Argyllshire). also of that Ilk. Douglas. and the latter married a daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Ardkinglass. Bart. Edinburgh. " clan takes its name from Nechtan. Edward. with ane taillie. a reputed son of Ere. pointed out to the Lord of Lorn the King's deeds of valour On the forfeiture of John. Antrim. says Buchanan of Auchmar. begins with Moris. The above-named Sir Frantis Edmund MacNaughton's brother. The MacNaughtons fought against Bruce in 130(5 at the battle of Dalree. Sir Alexander MacNaughton of that Ilk was slain with King James at Flodden in 1513. (1249-S5) to Gilchrist MacNaughton of the custody of the Castle and Island of Fraoch. and then goes farther back to Lorn (or Loarn). with a castle called Benuardin. and II. or of his son Alexander. and had unanimously resolved that Sir Francis Edmund MacNaughton. A A . and had the honour of knighthood conferred on him. is inserted in the "Leven and Melville Papers. one of the finest bands of Highland archers that Scotland ever had." prepared by the Hon. p. The lona Club MS. Lus Albanach (Trailing Azalea). Donald MacNaughton. which are not to be called . Maurice MacNaughton of Dunderaw appears in the Roll of the Chiefs in the Parliament of 1587. in deducing their pedigree." Loch Awe. in his "Baronage of Scotland. was in 1SS7 created a Lord of Appeal as Lord MacNaughton. grandson of Alexander of the Isles. for which they sailed with MacKinnon's men. and settled there. with many pipers and harpers. where their leader in covering the retreat. In 1S78 a meeting of the Clan MacNaughton was held at the Literary Institute. and traces them up to Ferchar Fada. copy of a complimentary letter. a petty prince of the Iro-Scots in Argyleshire. In 1627 Alexander MacNaughton of that Ilk levied. branch of the MacNaughtons settled in the county of Antrim. In 1707 the eldest son of the chief. or Nauchton. within Lorn. John MacNaughton of that Ilk got a grant of his lands by a charter from David II. or. about 1344 (Rob." In 1426 one of the clan. Abair Neachtain. daughter of Donald Murray. whether the lady referred to was the wife of Malcolm MacNaughton of that Ilk. The former married Mary. %vas killed in battle in Spain. should be held the chief. " Among a list of arms and goods in the Castle of Kilchnrn in 1689 are recorded two chists and anoyr wit a lock yt Andrew Chystie hes.. He went to Ireland as secretary to bis kinsman. where they amassed a good estate.Cry: "Fraoch-Eilean Badge: ("Heather Island. Bishop-elect of Dunkeld. 48). and died in London. with a pension by the latter.. copied. Several Pictish kings were so but the best known is that King who founded Abernethy. third lineal descendant of the ancient line. on the shore of Lochow. MacNaughton's tenure was that he should entertain the King whenever he passed that way. as the Highlanders name it to this day. when a committee reported that they had made an investigation regarding the chieftainship. He was a loyal servant to Charles I. The latter part of his life he spent at Court. to serve in the war against France. son of Malcolm. died on his way to Rome when proceeding there for confirmation.68 THE CLAN OF MACNAUGHTON Wai. to MacNaughton of that Ilk on the 30th November 1689. Index. Provost of Inverary. Earl of Antrim.. written by James VII.
As regards Gigha Neil MacNeil. Badge: Machall monaidh (Dryas)." tartan shown is that of MacNeil of Barra. but he either despised or refused to obey the royal citation. the two most distinguished were Duncan. and whose " The Memoirs of Charles Macpherson. Martin. in 1839." says Auchmar in 1775." chequered life was portrayed by"himself in a novel entitled was Hector MacNeil. March "Spaidsearachd Mhic Neill" ("MacNeill's March"). During his residence in the East he became thoroughly master of the habits. and Roderick was summoned to Edinburgh to answer for his conduct ." says that MacNeil of Barra can produce evidence for thirty-six generations of his own family as possessors of that island. now forgotten. He was author of several. and it now continues with Lord MacDonald. author of Mary of Castle Gary. in which are also MacNeil of Gallochoil and Tarbart. . but will be always best known by his He was The songs for the people. D.ch of Kintyre. where he received the Order of the Lion and Sun. Clan Pipe Music: War Cry: "Buaidh no Bas" ("Victory or Death"). those of Gigha. Another member of the clan. many of whose songs are familiar among our peasantry. in his "Historical Account of the Isles.C. wrote " Progress and Position of Russia in the East to 1854. and others of Barra. At length he was taken prisoner by a stratagem of MacKenzie of Kintail. in quoting " Caledonia. MacPhees The MacNeils of Colonsay. The name of MacNeil first appears in a charter by Robert I. ten miles in length by three in breadth. policy. Lord of the Isles is dated 1427.C. In 1650. we find the name of MacNeil of Barra. are descended from a younger son of the MacNeils of Arichonan." He travelled in the East and West Indies. covered with linen. in North Knapdale under the Lords of the Isles. novels. once the property of the Macaphies i. for a time editor of the " Scots Magazine. in the form of a shirt..B." Latterly he resided long at Granton | ' ' HE MacNeil Clan was divided into two septs House. and was made K. The Gigha branch were. when the superiority of Barra was given as part of the lady's dowry. There is also another gentleman " of the name Laird of the Isle of Colonsay. of Oxford. son of Murchard. before Worcester.e.. two islands off the coast of Argyle. son of Roderick. In recent times the MacNeils of Barra have always been held to represent the chiefs of the clan. but the oldest charter to the name for the Isle of Barra confirmatory of one from Alexander. of lands in Wigton to John." " Come under my Plaidie. LL. stood on the altar in Martin's time. an island of the Hebrides. In 1844 he was appointed to be head of He became an honorary D. Barr." The MacNeills of Barra interred their dead in the Chapel of St. Sir John. with the Toschadoiro. son of Gilbert MacNeil ." but gives no date for the transaction. whose image. Sir James MacDonald of Slate married one of Kintail's daughters. and in 1831 was Envoy at the Court of Persia. besides a great many charters which were not legible. curiously enough. He was conveyed to Edinburgh and tried for his life. " sold to James MacNeil the lands of Gigha. third son of John MacNeil of Colonsay. who acquired it from the family of Of this family. resides in Knapdale. who restored it to him on condition of holding of him and paying him sixty merks of feu-duty.L.69 THE CLAN OF MACNEIL. In the Roll for 1587 we have the name of Roderick MacNeil of Barra. the son of Neil. was born in 1795. so far back as 1472. and resources of the Asiatic nations. Having seized an English ship in the reign of James VI. The latter."for the Scottish army in this year. Barra was forfeited and given to Kintail. of Edinburgh . and Scottish Poor Law Board. keepers of the Castle ot Swen. and is granted to Gilleonon. principal person of this name. Sir John MacNeil." says Logan. Duncan died on the 1st February 1874. and died at Edinburgh on the 15th July 1818. son of Argyle in the reign of James VI. the Right Hon. John of Colonsay. Queen Elizabeth complained of it as an act of piracy. among the " Colonells of Horsse. and his brother. " MacNeil of " the next Tainish.
I ^ am v^ 1 **SS**^SS1 SWSSSSS S 1 I s t^^^^i5^^^^^ ii I | 69. . MACNEIL.
became Abbot of Kingussie. and for ages distinguished as the Sliochd Ghillies. and brother of Kenneth MacPherson. when it shall please God to put it in my power. Coming to times of more distinct history in the Rotation of Clans. chief of the Clan Chattan during the reign of David I. to make a grateful return. when a list of troops to be raised for King James was made up. with full pay for the short remainder of his life (Stewart's Sketches). we find "No. and fought in the first line at Falkirk. after being ruined by a lawsuit. and the famous Feadan Dubh Chlann Chatain. and others.) War Cry: "Creag Dhubh Chloinn Chatain" ("The Black Craig of Clan Chattan "). in his eightieth year. was signed' at Huntly Castle. Ewen MacPherson. ("MacPherson's March"). upon the demise. Earl of Huntly. " MACPHERSON OF CLUNY. and served in the campaigns under Lord Clyde and Duncan. grandson of Gillichattan. under the two Acts of Parliament in 1587 and 1594. . and have long been an independent tribe. and which is composed of many considerable families. 28. " leallie. Clan Pipe Music: March " 'S fheudar dhomh fhein a bhi falbh dhachaidh direach" Badgq . who obtained for him an ensign's commission. who having devoted himself to the service of the church." that noble and potent Lord. MacPhersons. and latterly led the Black Watch triumphantly over the trenches of Tel-el-Kebir.. which attained a great height in Scotland between 1440 and 1570. joined the Eraser Highlanders at the battle of Quebec. In English their chief is called Cluny MacPherson. Seat. I therefore promise. ISth September 1746. surnames about that time becoming hereditary. It was he that. the chieftainship devolved on him. The Parson left two sons." Subsequently he procured from Rome a dispensation enabling him to marry. Eva. Gillepatrick and Ewan Baan. John MacPherson in Brakaucht. and was " scarcely able to break one At Cluny Castle there is still preserved a letter written to him by the unfortunate Prince. Cluny Castle. the supreme chief of the Clan Chattan. representing an incident in the '45. and he espoused a daughter of the Thane of Calder. Ewan was son of Muriach or Murdoch. but such as the Gillieses. who served with him in the same wars. C. As we are sensible of your clan's fidelity and integrity to us during our adventures in Scotland and England in the years 1745 and 1746 in recovering our just rights from the Elector of Hanover. was presented to him and " Lady Cluny by their friends and clansmen." died in 1885. braoileag (Red Whortle). inspired with a strange courage all who heard it. head and chieftain of the Clan Macintosh. and resulted from the impotence of all law and authority save that of the sword. James and Paul MacPherson. suitable to your sufferings. all unaware that the cavalry had iron skull-caps in their hats at Falkirk. the ancestor of Cluny MacPherson. called in Gaelic the "Clan Mhurich" (pronounced Vuirich). when. In 1704 the MacPhersons mustered 700 claymores. and used his claymore with such fury that he won the attention of General Townshend. or Black Chanter of Clan Chattan. and their son Ewen was called MacPherson. which title he enjoyed till 1153. of his elder brother Diarmid. "He was a younger son of Ewan or Eugene Baan. not only of the name of MacPherson. R. or Lus nan craimsheag. (Signed) CHARLES. The founder of the Sliochd Ghillies branch lived in the reign of Alexander III. and to serve in all action and wars agains quhatsumever. who. ! : classed together. Cluny with his MacPhersons joined the Prince in 1746. at the age of eighty-one but leaving two gallant sons. the Gillespies. and Macintoshes" 1HE MacPhersons are In 1591 a bond of Manrent to George. It runs thus faithfullie. expressed astonishment at the thick skulls of the English. " as he had struck them till he was tired. was married to Angus Macintosh of that Ilk. or the son of the Parson. A singular member of this clan was Malcolm MacPherson of Phoiness. who was Colonel of the 93rd Highlanders. issueless. by Andrew MacPherson of Cluny. P. The late Cluny MacPherson. The other branch of the tribe are the MacPhersons of Invereshie (now MacPherson-Grants). The Clan Chattan. Gillepatrick was the father of Donul Ball. when a massive candelabrum of 700 ounces of silver. dated from a cave in Lochaber." There too are preserved the Prince's weapons. after the celebration of his golden wedding. Bosca (Boxwood). .70 THE CLAN OF MACPHERSON (DRESS TARTAN. which according to tradition. . This was in pursuance of a system of private leagues. whose only child and heiress. the fair-complexioned.. by which you have sustained very great losses both in your interest and person.B. etc. Kingussie.
MAOPHER8ON.XXXXXXXN 1 70. DRE88. .t _vs>xxxxxx VXXXXXXXN ' a * vXXXXXXXX^XX^XX^VXXXXXXXV : ^ M 1 I N.
Bocsa (Boxwood). daughter of Simon. or Lus nan craimsheag." . great-grandfather of the " from an old present chief plaid which had been preserved in Cluny Castle for some generations.71 HUNTING MACPHERSON. and wife of Ewen MacPherson of Cluny. Badge. braoileag (Red Whortle). eleventh Lord Fraser of Lovat. HIS pattern is said to have been made for Janet.
HUNTING.^ 5 \\\\\ \\NNJIt ') IHi * 71. MACPHERSON. .
. Dougals. " They claim.72 THE CLAN OF MACQUARRIE. and ten others. Andrew went to lona as Commissioner for King James VI. Lachlan MacQuarrie obtained a commission in it. son of Cormac. son of son of Cellach of the Islands. nver. There in 1865 Laurent." says Robertson. son of Murdoch.77 by Colonel Campbell of and his name. officers of this regiment. together and port in Van Diemen's Land. the Macthree Twenty-one Highland chiefs joined Bruce in that victory. [tartan]). thus Cellach. the last of the MacQuarries of Ulva died in 1817. who was highly popular as a Governor of New South Wales. without male issue. are all named from a member of this clan. with a harbour." the papers of the lona Club. under date 23rd December Barbreck. extinct. War Cry:-"An t-Arm Breac Dearg" ("The army of the checkered red" Badge . though a clan of very great antiquity. HE number a soldier in his sixty-second year. son of Feredoch. possessions in the Island of Mull. by debts._ son of Fergus. and ranks of the enemy." Finiay. to dispose of his property and become Quarrie of that Ilk and MacQuarrie. the Bishop of the Isles. Cummings. A few are to be found Knox (previously parson of When. and first Protestant Bishop of this See). MacKinnon of that Ilk. so his line is The name has found its way into France. " and the ancient Gaelic genealogy assigns it to them also. son of Ferchar. was compelled. son of Paul. discovered in 1S11. who died in 1473. and after a time had some in Argyleshire still. appears among the captains in the Army List too probably of penury. Lachlan MacMacQuarrie of Ulva. in the end of July 1609. The clan were followers of the Lords of the Isles. Ed. and after a long life. son of Oirbertig. or Ar. When the old 74th Regiment. Paisley. which was disbanded in 1783 . in the Southern Pacific. have ever been too few in MacQuarvies. Victor. Twenty-three Campbells were 1777. following to figure much in war or history. In 1314 the chief of the MacQuarries fought under Bruce at Bannockburn. MacquairS was Colonel of the 12th Battalion of Chasseurs a Pied in Algiers.--Giuthas (Pine Tree). son of Fercharfada. son of Torquil. MacQuarrie Island. son of Guaire. were raised in 1. " to be descended from one of the Dalriadic princes. and MacNabs were in the The first of the name prominently known is John MacQuarrie of Ulva. son of Cellach. the Royal representative were among the chief men of the Isles who submitted themselves to him as The last of this line. son of Bethach.'yle Highlanders. for that year.
" In 1778 Edinburgh was startled by what was known as the Affair of the Wild MacRaes. and only 390 were able to carry arms when. emigrated to America before the close of the last century. Badge : " Old Statistical of the parish of Kintail. . which are visible to this day under the cone of the hill near the loch of Dunsappie. and others proved to the men that their complaints were groundless. and the affair. which promised to have a serious termination. Clan Pipe Music: Gathering "Blar na Pairc" ("Battle of Park"). and 400 of the Glasgow regiment environed their position. Under him the MacRaes were said to have made a desperate resistance. On this day the latter were led by Duncan Mor of Torluish. A William Rae. they began the long. was satisfactorily arranged by the Duke of Buccleuch. in April 1782. Helena was in sight Lord Seaforth died. one of the clan. General Skene. and defied all attempts to reduce them. One of the last of these. Links. he was frequently seen to brandish " Cobhair ! cobhair ! an ainin Dhia's an his claymore on high. even though the llth Light Dragoons. or MacRae. where he met with many . In the second line at the battle of Killiecrankie were the MacKenzies of Seaforth. the main body marched to Arthur Seat. Ere he fell. particularly the MacAulays. "are all MacRaes.73 THE CLAN OF MACRAE. March "Spaidsearachd Chlann Mhic Rath" ("MacRae's March"). At the first siege of Bhurtpore in 1805. A High " Inverness Courier states that ere Duncan was slain he slew recent writer in the fifteen with his own hand." some hundreds of whom had enrolled in the Seaforth Regiment of Highlanders. Garbhag an t-sleibhe (Club Moss). with the MacRaes from Kintail. and to have died almost to a man." writing in 1793. and on the 27th September embarked for Guernsey. Sheumais. says the author of the Account. and which mutinied at Edinburgh on hearing that they had been In military order. from whence it soon after sailed for India on what proved a fatal voyage to the MacKenzies and MacRaes. misfortunes. 200 of the Buccleuch Fencibles. 230 perished at sea. for ere St." When the MacRaes first entered Kintail. fell upon his clansmen so of the thousand who sailed from the British Isles.'" ("Relief! Relief! in the name of God and King James!"). except two or three families. led the stormers under a fire so dreadful that of them alone no less than 591 fell. and then a great grief. There were several bards of old in Kintail. formed in 1778 by Kenneth. and heard to shout. there were several clans inhabiting the district. John MacRae. Colonel MacRae. after one wing had fired on another at Leith sold to the East India Company. and toilsome march to Chingleput. hot. otherwise MacCurchi. with the mat du pays. the Earl of that title. which was so swollen in his claymore hilt that it was extricated with IJIHE natives ' ' difficulty. Lord MacDonald. was Bishop of Glasgow in 1335. of whom no vestige now remains. The regiment then marched with pipes playing to Holyrood. where they threw up trenches.
-.-. - .--. MACRAE. .^v-X VC.- 73. .
with the chiefs of the other tribes composing the Clan Chattan. Donald Macqueen of Corrybrough signed the bond of manrent. . Corrybrough being the name of the property. braoileag (Red Whortle). captain of the Clan Chattan. Macqueen belonged to the family of the Lord of the Isles. The Macqueens were acknowledged to have been of MacPonald origin. aud his descendants from him were called the Clan Revan. On the 4th April 1609. all landlords in the counties of Inverness and Nairn. ODERICK DHU REVAN MACSWEYN or MACQUEEX this clan. At this period it is said that the clan of Macqueen included twelve distinct families. Badge: Bocsa (Boxwood). although they ranged themselves among the tribes of the Clan Chattan. The Macqueens fought under the standard of Mackintosh. or Lus nan craimsheag. at the battle of Harlaw in 1411.74 THE MACQUEENS. who. territory in the is said to be the founder of about the beginning of the fifteenth century. received a grant of county of Inverness. whereby they bound themselves to support Angus Mackintosh of that ilk as their captain and leader.
vXXXXXXXXX>rvXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ^ XXXXXXXXXXXXXV%XXXXXXXXXN 74. . MACQUEEN.
and in 1665 he was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia. son of Malcolm." He succeeded his friend. In the Parliament of 167S he was a commissioner for the shire of Fife. . was remarkable. son of Malcolm. then the only remaining portion of their possessions. and Captain Sir Charles Malcolm. in 1S38. in the Lennox. Company's Service as a Cadet served as a Captain at Seringapatam . distinguished himself in many brilliant engagements and in many posts of importance. . to tradition this clan settled at a very early period in Argylesh ire. and was the lineal ancestorof Neil Malcolm of Poltalloch. R. Pulteney. The Baronets of Balbedie were afterwards of Lochow. he died in 1833. Helena Station. Lieutenant Sutherland. elder brother of the preceding. as representative of the elder branch of his house. he joined the East India Dumfriesshire. Sir Archibald and Sir Colin Campbell (father and son) were according to the Douglas Peerage. Failing to obtain a commission in the army. In 1S2S he published "Scenes of the War " and " Tales of Field and Flood. was high in the Civil Service of H. by Charles II. and for his gallantry received an Ensigncy in the Black Watch. . and another to the said Murthac. and was succeeded by ids son. was our Ambassador in Persia. who is usually most acute and correct. Company.E. who was then at Linlithgow. his father.." continues the same writer. caused him to retire on half-pay. Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm." Donald. General Sir John Malcolm. of the half lands of Leckie. in Stirlingshire. David.C. on the resignation of Malcolm. with the office of serjeandry in the shire of Dumbarton. rectbr of Tottenham . After a long and splendid career. the Lairds of Lochar and Nethhill. a pleasing and accomplished poet.75 THE CLAN OF MALCOLM.. "which seems soon after to have declined." His " Reminiscences of the Campaign of 1814" was so ably written that many extracts from it were inserted in the War Office Records of the 42nd Highlanders. One of seventeen children. and he first became known to the public by *cme exquisite verses he produced on the death of Byron and other pieces in " Constable's Magazine. 1896. Sir Michael Malcolm. son of Malcolm.I. He died in 1802. John Malcolm of Poltalloch was created Lord Malcolm in . he joined our troops in Spain as a gentleman volunteer. yet in Robertson's Index we findacharter from David II. of two-fourth parts of the land called Racheon and Akrenmoneyth.000 Others of the name appear in the Parliamentary Records at that (Scots) for the use of the King. and died a K. He died in 1446. head of a commercial house in India. Sir Michael. from the circumstance that the farm of Carbarron. and died there in 1835 in his . was a son of the minister of Firth and Stenness in Orkney. A ball in the right shoulder at Toulouse. (1330-70) "to Nicoll Malcolrue " of ane tenement in Stirling and from Robert II. (1370-90) two charters. with the hereditary Captaincy of his Castles of Lochaffy and Craignish. appears to have been a branch of that of Poltalloch. who was confirmed in these in 1448. and had three sons. was born at Burnfoot. In the Parliament of 1650 John Malcolm of Balbedie. fortieth year. his father's farmhouse. and was succeeded by his son John. lying near Buchanan.N." etc. was one of seven gentlemen who were ordained to provide meal for the Scottish army against Cromwell. while James. CCORDING " This family. but won a monument in Westminster. whosucceeded his cousin Dugald of Poltalloch in 1787. with which he served throughout the war.100. head of another branch of the clan. The younger sons were Gilbert. . where he won the regard of Napoleon. e/ipapquent thereto. Robert. and also an obelisk one hundred feet high in his native village. latterly as Commander in-Chief of the St. Robert Malcolm of Burnfoot. Campbell of Lochow granted to Reginald Malcolm of Carbarron certain lands in Craignish on the shore of Loch Avieh (a fresh-water lake in Nether Lorn).B. is said to have been bequeathed by the last of this race to Zachary (Malcolm). in levying 8. as Editor of the Edinburgli Observer. son of Archibald. or Scotland. Sir John Malcolm succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1795 on the death of his distant relation. were all Knights Commanders of the Bath for distinguished Services. and the debility. His son. the eldest. John Malcolm. one to Murtbac. the eldest of whom became Sir John Malcolm of Balbedie and Loctiow. the then proprietor of Poltalloch. where he was born about 1795. resigned by Malcolm his father . The first of these. " Lords of Lochow between 1340 and about 1442 yet in Burke's " Landed Gentry it is stated that in 1414 Sir D. married in 1824 Miss Forbes of Bridgend. a distinguished eohlier and diplomatist. Neil Malcolm of Poltalloch. author of " The Knights of Malta. under General Graham (of Lynedoch) then besieging San Sebastian. was seized in the lands of Poltalloch on-the 18th of May 1562. and when Colonel. The progress in life of the sons of the humble farmer. Sir John Malcolm of Invertick Sir John Malcolm of Inverteb and two others. . Three members at least of this clan have attained to distinction in recent times. time viz. and John.
victory. Farquliar Matheson. by whom he had. daughter of by whom . who obtained the lands of Courthill." In the same year another of the same name suffered in the famous conflict at Drum-na-coup. daughter of Farquhar MacRae of Inverinate. called or the " Hillock of the Head. day Ceo. By his marriage with the widow of Dugald MacKenzie. John Matheson of Lochalsh. who died at Invergarry on the banks of Loch Oich. though mournful. Lord of the Isles. his heir. . "in the end there remained few alive of either In 1851 : Mr Matheson Balmacan. Alexander. Alexander Matheson. John MacKarture. eldest son of Alister MacRuari. K James goes to Innernesse. designated as of Fernaig. Roderick and Dugald. The third son. who married Christian. became proprietor of Attadale. this zeir. daughter of MacRay Arigugon. he had a son named Dugald of Lochalsh. which had been forfeited in 1427 for being concerned in the outrage for which Alister MacRuari was executed at Inverness. firstly. was constituted by John MacKenzie of Kintail. second. Murdoch Mathes>on of Lochalsh. John Gig. and Alexander Mackrorey. Captain of the Castle of Elbindonan (of which MacKenzie got a charter in 1508). and married Catherine. John.76 THE CLAN OF MATHESON. he had no issue . Alexander. married a daughter of MacKenzie of Hilton and was succeeded by his eldest son. fourth. ami in defending that fortalice against Donald Gorm MacDonald of Slate in 1537 he was killed. Jannarij." C'nocan an . planted on a knoll. Kenneth. and secondly. These three the King caused hange on ane tall ocke. tutor of Kintail. and had three sons. Mary. War Cry: "Dail Achadh 'n da thearnaidh" ("The Field of the two Declivities"). who had two sons. a daughter of Murchisson of Anchetertyre. name is probably of Norse extraction. as above one hundred so called are now in the city of Christiania. by lomhor MacMhathan (or Matheson). Dugald inherited Balmacan. and had issue. Their son." slain The MacKays obtained a complete. side. first. for their aged chief was accidently to this Matheson's head was struck from his shoulders and placed on a pole. and so sharply that. Matheson of acquired by purchase his forefathers' ancient patrimony of Lochalsh. who fought at Flodden.nn. killed with Wolfe at the battle of Quebec third. according to the "Conflicts of the Clans" (written in 1020). quho had willanously killed Ihone. Roderick became the progenitor of the Mathesons of Burnetsfield. in Tongue. the eldest of whom. leaving a son. to suppresse the rebellione of Ihone Campbell. known as Dugald Roy. It was fought between the MacKays and the Suthevlands. married. and which JBalfour records thus in his Annals "1427.
76. . MATHESON.
fourth Lord Herries. sixth Lord. Sir John's great-grandson. Sir Aymer. IR JOHN . but Robert. Robert. Aymer. had two sons. and dying. died without issue. Sir John and Sir Robert. This nobleman had two sons. fifth Earl. whose direct male line ended in 1865. 1608. second Lord Maxwell. He obtained the Earldom of Morton on the execution of the Regent. .. leaving a son. was succeeded by his son John. and sentenced to death. first Lord Herries. Their grandson proved his claim to the Winifred. had two sons named Herbert and John. William. mentioned above. Robert. From the elder son come the Maxwells. being succeeded 'by his brother Robert. killed Sir James Johnston of that Ilk. MAXWELL. in right of his wife. Sir Herbert's descendant in the seventh degree. and he by his son William. fifth Lord. who. with other children.seventh Baronet of Monreith. He was killed in an engagement with the Johnstons. . was succeeded by his son Marmaduke. left two sons. eighth Lord. third Lord. From the younger come the Maxwells. A brother of the present peer married Mary Monica Hope Scott of Abbotsford. second son of Sir granddaughter of Sir Walter Scott. seventh Lord. the present Lord Herries. fourth Lord. who left an only daughter. who married Archibald Stirling of Keir . and Sir John. fourth Earl. are a junior branch but now heirs male. who became Lord Herries of Terregles. the Earldom reverted to his cousin John. and was executed. remained in prison. was succeeded by his son This nobleman was out in 1715. and their grandson is now Sir John Maxwell Stirling Maxwell of Pollok. eighth Bart. of Springkell. second from the latter come tlie Maxwells of Monreith. created Lord. Barony of Herries. 1744. and now represented by Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell. Barts. and was succeeded by his brother. greatWe now return to Sir John Maxwell. but was afterwards deprived of it. fourth L>rd ami third Earl. who fell at Flodden 1513 and he by his son Robert. second Earl. Robert. He was succeeded by his sister. of Pollok. was succeeded by his son John. who. was created Lord Maxwell. daughter of the first Marquis of Powis). Robert. 1(581. escaped from the Tower by the devotion of his wife (Lady Winifred Herbert. was found guilty of high treason.77 MAXWELL. of Cardoness. dressing her husband in female attire. and Sir Edward Baronets. and dying 1876. and the Maxwells. 1667. Agnes. Darts. 1613. . of the Maxwells of Pollok. fifth Lord Maxwell. dying unmarried. great-grandson of Sir John. . John. The Maxwells.. allowing him to leave in her stead. Barts. His son Robert. also named Herbert. Lady Herries. Sir John of Pollok. 1593 his son John. He being taken prisoner at Preston. The Earl died in Rome.. mentioned at the beginning of this article. Chamberlain of Scotland. who married William Haggerston Constable. who was created Earl of Nithsdale. 1241. Barons and Earls of Parnham. on the death of Sir John.
I yfessssss^ss^^ -Ji I PP ^^5S^^S$S$$^ .
and others of the clan (Gordon Papers. son of Menzies of Morinche. a son. Alexander Menzies resigned the lands of Dorisdeir. a grant of the whole of his lands and estate. and was succeeded in office by Thomas Menzies of Durne (Spald. In 1(550 and 1651 a Lieutenant-Colonel Menzies. he left a daughter. Menzies of Quhite Kirk and Menzies of Culterhallis. relict of Umquhile James Menzies of that Ilk. The same King granted charters to Thomas Menzies. he was accused of obstructing the levy of troops in the Isles." binding herself to be faithful to George. In the time of Robert I. Earl of Iluntlie. Gilbert of Pitfoddels. where the Marquis was finally defeated in 1(350. daughter of Lord Neil Campbell. and had (with a daughter married to Macintosh of that Ilk). whose chief. "young Menzies of Pitfoddels. the Great Steward. At the battle of Invercarron. during the ward and nonentry of her son Alexander.. A year or two before this time we find two of the gentlemen of the King's Guard. and Alexander. son of Duncan. who became third Baronet and as the family is still in existence. In the wars of Montrose the then Laird of Pitfoddels adhered to him and the King's cause with steady loyalty and great valour." folio). This line became extinct about forty years ago. Combrie. Provost of Aberdeen. were killed close by him" ("Hist. among them the Lairds of Castlehill. chiefs of this clan are not of original Celtic descent." King David granted a charter to Robert Menzies. In 1745 the Lord President estimated the fighting force of the clan. who predeceased him but by his wife. was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1(5(55. according to Robertson. and other lands of Fothergill. Anna. Badge Fraoch nam Meinnearach (The Menzies' Heath). War Cry:"Gea\ Clan Pipe Music: 'us March : Dearg a suas" ("Up with the White and Red"). The name Menzies. in presence of Menzies of Snype. Knight. " Piobaireachd a' Mheinnearaich " ("Menzies' March"). only daughter of the Master of Rothes). daughter of Walter Lord Torphichen. the Lord High Steward. and others. Christian. Club. in Athole. or Mengues (as it was originally spelt). daughter to said Robert. by whom he had a son. He married Agnes. Sir Robert of Mengues. Patrick. An old branch of the clan were the Menzies of Pitfoddels. he says. . Also two charters to Alexander Menzies of the Barony of Glendochyre. He married his cousin. at 300 men but they were not "out" with the Prince. was among the first names.. Robert. Thomas Menzies of Pitfoddels was Provost of Aberdeen in 1551. . though Colonel Menzies of Shian was. was knighted at Holyrood by Charles I. Collector-General. Robert.330-70) granted a charter to Richard Menzies of an annual. in the shire of Peebles . which he also held till his decease in 158S. Alexander Menzies. and was succeeded by his son. in Kincardineshire. adopted in Scotland in the reign of Malcolm III. and had a small regiment under his standard. which Robert's father had resigned to Robert. in Nithsdale. and held that office till his decease in 157(5. Knight. that the Earl was unable to march his regiment from Kintail. was Commissioner of Fines and though in the service of the Estates. in 1487. after his coronation. obtained from the Crown. Robert Menzies of Kinmundie. that are now in the Dunkeld grounds of the Duke of Athole. Spald. one of the heirs of Glenesk. which the victor of Bannockburn granted to James.78 THE CLAN OF MENZIES. furth of Newabie. .. granted a of Alythe. when these designations were introduced into the kingdom. (1300-30). Enoch. and two. iii. From him the Baronets of that name are lineally descended. though the clan itself is descended from a Gaelic-speaking race. daughter of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy (father of the first Earl of Breadalbane). is called in Gaelic Menairich. Ladye Weyme. for themselves and others on the muster roll. John de Mengues. " charter to Alexander Menzies of Fothergill. brother of Walter. and the darach land of Finlargis (Finlarig?) David II. which he planted in that year. . prosecuting the Earl of Montrose. and so plundering the lands of Seaforth. The Provost was also Commissioner for the City in the Parliament of that year. who carried the Royal Standard. Knight. and in his reign William Menzies was Keeper of the Royal Forest In the same reign Robert. (J. In 1586 we find "Barbara Stewart. for failing to make them proper payments for their [HE services. who inherited the estates of his father. according to Scottish antiquaries. who captured the Marquis of Huntly. of the Barony of Enache. in the Garioch. are the most gigantic specimens of the kind in the country. of Castle Menzies and that Ilk. with Major Guthry. Various branches of the clan appear in the Parliamentary Acts of Charles II. who became the second Baronet of that Ilk. upon the marriage of Jean. erected into a free barony under tlie title of the Barony of Menzies. Earl of Athole. his descendants are to be found traced in any Baronetage. signed at Menzies. of the lands of Unwyn (Oyne?). for a new infeftment. In 1738 Menzies of Culdares brought in his portmanteau from the Tyrol seven little saplings of the first larches ever seen in Scotland. son of Duncan (by Jean Leslie. of the Troubles. In 1633 another gentleman of the clan. Club). married to Menzies of Cultrallers.). in consequence of the destruction of his mansion house by fire. . Pitfoddels.
MENZIES .A.XXXxWXXXXXXXXXXXXXV XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXV SXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 78.XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXV ^^ !! ^xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx II I H if XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX\XX KXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX i II XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 1 .
Major-General Sir Thomas Munro.50 of his best men. and would have died had lie not been succoured by the Frasers. and traces them up to Milan. the other of Foot. won a high reputation as a scholar. but had no other issue. Colonel of Dutch. Robert Munro. (1214-49). so distinguished for service in India. who died without issue in 1587. Sir Robert. Munro. according to Burke . IHE clan of Munro (like that of MacMillan) is supposed to descend from some of the such ^^ij ancient tribes of Moray.. Robert Munro of Foulis was slain at the battle of Pinkie in 1547. and Anderson 137S) the Munroes galled the Macintoshes fearfully with their arrows. : . in 1805." In 1632 the Munroes mustered 1000 strong at the funeral of Lord Lovat in Kirkhill the Grants were 800 . as it WHS customary when cattle were driven through a gentleman's land to give him what was called a Staoitj " Road Ckreiche. slew many of the people. reposed for a night in a meadow near Strathardle. tutor of Foulis. "and was buried at Buxtehood in the old land on the Elve. . primus. referring Clan Pipe Music: March " Bealach na broige" ("Munro's March"). for lands in Strathspey and the lands of Cupermakcnltis. The Black Baron. appointed High Sheriff of Ross under the Great Seal in 1725. in his seventeenth year. . and was succeeded by his only son Sir Hector. who had seven sons. Hugh Monro. Macintosh paid dear for his rapacity.C. side of the Firth of Cromarty. first designated of Foulis. and died at Edinburgh in 1781. and John Munro was left for dead. He was succeeded by his son. all in arms a singular gathering. 900 . fifteenth according to the Roll of the Clans. was succeeded by his son Sir Robert. and was buried at Ulm. Bart. and were followers of. The most ancient genealogy makes Donald Dhu. the Rosses. died in 1068. when the title devolved upon his cousin Robert.B. In Gaelic they are called the Clan Roich. Hector Munro died in November 1(303. was slain on the banks of the Rhine. He died in 1635. and who died at Navar. the former at Rosskeyne. and was succeeded by his son Sir Robert Munro. and his son Alexander Sgj^ . commonly called the Black Baron. of the family of Millto'wn. and the title of their chief is and was Munro of Foulis. died in 112(i. Among the distinguished members of this clan we cannot forget those who shed such lustre on the School of Anatomy at Edinburgh Alexander Munro. John Munro. the ancient Earls of Koss. the present Sir Thomas Munro. Dying four years after. In passing Moy. 1000. Nor can we forget the gallant Sir Hector Munro. and carried off their cattle. and dying in 1690. sixth Baronet. as he and most of his men were slain while many of the Munroes fell. His son. 1000 and the Frasers. by whom he had two sons and a daughter and. secundiis. so a fight bKween the clans ensued at Clach-na-harry. son of as the Vat-omagi. the MacKenzies. he was succeeded by his eldest sou Sir Robert. one of Horse. whose grandfather fought at Worcester Alexander Munro. was succeeded by his brother Hector. who was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia 7th June 1634. the son of I^Hj them come from Ewen. who became the third Baronet. where the owner of the ground. and was succeeded by his eldest. born in 1733 . a gallant officer who fell at Falkirk at the head of the 37th Regiment. In 1820 he was Governor of Madras. tertiux. and married Jean. eldest daughter of Sir Hector. and the latter at Balnagowan. Sir John. Sir Harry. died at Hamburg in 1635. The Munn/es held their lands of. was succeeded by his brother Hector Munro. . According to Burke.79 THE CLAN OF MUNRO. Janet. He served in the Mysore war against Hyder Ali and at the fall of Seringapatam. Summoning 3. or Callop. and was created a Baronet 30th June 1825. in revenge for this he ravaged Strathardle. Their possessions were on the north Neil.. Of these John Munro of Obstell. Badge: Garbhag nan Gleann (Common Club Moss). in the dark. There were at that time in the Swedish army twenty-seven field-officers and eleven captains of the surname of Munro. daughter of Hugh Mackay of Farre. There was another distinguished soldier of the clan. born at Glasgow in 1701. Colonel of the Black Watch. K. of Lindertis. when travelling home from Edinburgh to Ross with his servants. He was Colonel of two Dutch regiments. who married. cut orf their horses' tails. in Ross-shire. Lord Fraser of Lovat. and Sir Hector Munro. leaving no male issue (his daughter Margaret was married to MacKenzie of Skntwell). War Cry: "Caisteal Foulis 'n a theine" ("Castle Foulis ablaze" probably to beacon or signal lights). . daughter of Andrew Munro of Milltown. a daughter of Hugh. . who died unmarried in 1651. the first Baronet. according to Sir Robert Gordon. In this fight (which Shaw dates 1454. George Munro of Foulis is said to have got a charter from the Earl of Sutherland in the reign of Alexander II. and married Mary. sixteenth of that Ilk. In 1333. Robert Munro in 1309 got a charter from Robert I. fighting against James VIII. under Gustavus Adolphus was wounded mortally by a musket ball in 1(538. In 1544 and 1550 two bonds of Kindness and Alliance were signed between Ross of Balnagowan and Robert Munro of Foulis. firstly. who married a daughter of MacKenzie of Coul." Munro refused. Macintosh demanded a share of the latter. secondly. a Colonel of Scots.
bir Gilbert. His son. Infirmities compelled him to resign the office of Lord Chief Justice in 1778. the second son. second son of Sir William Murray of Tullibardine. Bart. in 1728. Patrick. He died 1703. Sir John de Moravia. succeeded to the Dukedom. 1073. ancestor of the Murrays of Tibbermore. was committed to the Tower.. Sir William. ancestor of Murrays of Ochtertyre James. Sir John. descended Sir William. with the fifth son. and was buried in Westminster Abbey. who died about 1511. John. Earl of Atholl. and died 1724. who was Master of the Household to King James VI. died in 1626. Walter (died 1390). John. fifth Duke. joined Prince Charles Edward. George. Bart. and Alexander. His successors in the direct Jine were Sir William. and was created Earl of Tullibardine. or Aiteann (Juniper). in 1628. In 1754 he succeeded Sir Dudley Rider as Attorney-General. Lord Glenlyon.. called Caen Wood. who married a daughter of Sir John Stewart. ancestor of the Hurrays of Strowan and Alexander. Bart. and executed 1332. and was succeeded by his son John. and was one of the original Knights of the Thistle. was keeper of the Privy Seal. became a member of the Cabinet and Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sir William. Sir William Murray of Ochtertyre. . and of Tullibardine. the famous lawyer and statesman.'-Calg-bhealaidh (Butcher's Broom). was afterwards Lord Privy Seal. near Hampstead. 1030 (extinct) Sir William Murray of Abirmont. When his daughter was married to Lord Tester in London. His descendant. fifth Earl of Mansfield and tenth Viscount Stormont. was created a Bart. and was succeeded by John. In 1626 Sir William Murray of Clermont. the third son. Sir Thomas Murray of Glendoick. leaving two sons.. . second Earl. died in 1673. who died 1S30. 1664. and died 1774. Bart. Sir David died 1453. who was He was taken prisoner by the Earl of Argyll during the in 162S confirmed as Earl of Atholl. Bart. The Earls of Dunmore are descended from John. The present epresentative is William.000 and a pension. died about 1511 . son of his brother George. 1631 (extinct) Sir William Murray of Stanhope. The Viscounts Stormont. ITHOUT . (ATHOLE OR HUNTING. and died 1245. 1704. adopting the vague account of the origin of this clan. where he died in 1746 . From the eldest son. He opposed the Union with England. In 1676 lie was created Marquis of Atholl.. He sold the sovereignty of the Isle of Man to the Government for 70. died 1846. who died 1S64. being succeeded by his son John. Eleven baronetcies have belonged to the powerful clan of the Murrays. 1770 . Count Murray of Melgum. seventh and present Duke of Atholl." William Murray. succeeded his father in 1236. died at his seat. He died 1609. who married the eldest daughter of John Stewart. the eldest. James. and was born in Perth in 1705. and acquired the lands of Tullibardine by marriage. and died 1764. and died 1642. and was Of his created Duke of Atholl in 1703. was the fourth son of the fifth Viscount Stormont. William. . Bart. 1606.) fiadge. During the Gordon Riots his house in London was He fired by the mob. being succeeded by his nephew John. and resigned the Earldom of Tullibardine. died 1459 . Sir Malcolm. Bart. Sir Robert Murray of Craigie. Sir William. fifth Earl of Atholl. fourth Duke. Sir William. He was one of the magnates Scotut summoned to Berwick in 1296 by Edward I. which was afterwards conferred on his younger brother. and died 1524. .80 MURRAY. of Nova Scotia Sir Archibald Murray of Blaekbarony. in 1793. assisted Edward Baliol. and was present at the battle of Dupplin. father of George. and also a brother. of England. was a man of importance in the reigns of William the Lion and Alexander II. first Marquis of Atholl. . who was father of Sir John Murray. who later became Earls of Mansfield. are descended from Sir Andrew Murray. leaving a son. and died about 1225. to church. Sir William Murray of Dunerne. and James. a cadet of the family of Blaekbarony. where he was taken prisoner. who owned land in Moraysliire in the twelfth century. and Sir David. John. . uncovered. the first Earl of Mansfield. as Marquis He surrendered. his succeessor Patrick. second Earl. He settled in Perthshire. William. who was a supporter of King William III. and was succeeded by his son William. the family is taid from Freskin. "himself led the bride. the son of Sir Malcolm. succeeded his cousin James in 1670 as Earl of Tullibardine.. His son. children. and civil war. who was consecrated Bishop of Caithness in 1222.. Charles II. who died about 1459. one of that small but learned group who founded the Royal Society in 1662. Sir Andrew. was killed at Malplaquet in 1709 William.. to be descended . and was succeeded by his son John.. who died 1562 . second Earl of Atholl. sixth Duke. leaving several sons William. William.
MURRAY OF ATHOLE. .80.
but eldest surviving son John as second Earl. sixth Earl.H. and Tullymet taking his Earldom from Dunmore in Athole. Queen Dowager of France. and VII. Viscount Fincastle. Earls of Cumberland. This nobleman dying unmarried in 1752. afterwards Queen of Great Britain. . and in 1679 was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Royal North British Dragoons. Captain in the 9th Lancers. was adopted and worn by Charles. 16th Lancers. and rebuilding the house. Earls of Derby and the Cliffords. 1703. and A. At the Revolution he was deprived of all his offices. changed Dunmore. of William of Orange. George. Upon the accession of King James II. he was made a Lord of the Privy Council in February He died in 1710. Lord Charles Murray. Lord Charles Murray was made Master of the Horse to Queen Mary. of Alexander. and had issue. to the throne. first Earl of Dunmore. now known as the Scots Greys and upon the death of Sir Thomas Dalziel of Binns. Badge: Calg-bhealaidh (Butcher's Broom). and retiring led a private life till the death .C. He was thus sixth in descent from Mary. and Governor of Blackness Castle in 1707. and of Lady Amelia Stanley..D. became an officer in the Scottish Regular Forces. by whom the sovereignty of the Isle of Man and the Barony of Strange came into the Athole family.81 THE CLAN OF /HURRAY. who raised the regiment. and was succeeded by his second. . through the Stanleys. . he died in 1750.R. or Aiteann (Juniper) rHIS tartan (sometimes erroneously called Tullibardine). V. anil was succeeded by his son John. the years. the beautiful daughter of King Henry VII. William. and was Master of the Horse to the Princess Anne. . who commanded the Scots Guards for forty-nine on his brother.C. married the daughter of the Duke of Hamilton. to H. the fourth Earl. and Lord Murray of Blair. Soon after the accession of Queen Anne. and on 16th August 1686 he was created Earl of Dunmore. who was a staunch adherent to Prince Charles Edward in the '45. Duke commanding Asian travel! Fincastle. second son of the first Marquis of Athole. and was tried for high treason at Southark. Moulin. Adolphus. the title devolved third Earl.. In 1761 this Earl the name to purchased the estate of Elphinstone in Stirlingshire. and was eventually pardoned by George II. when young. the fifth Earl. he received the command of it. who was also a Captain in the Scots Guards.
.81. MURRAY OF TULLIBARDINE.
and at his death in 1811 the Earldom of Findlater expired . In 1309 Robert I. he obtained a new patent conferring the title of Findlater after his death on his eldest daughter. as fourth Earl of Airlie. Walter Ogilvie. He married Isobel Durward. James. at the head of which he fell at the battle of Inverlochy.. was brought before the Privy Council for shooting Alexander Leslie. and.. but escaped to Sweden. and gave. and sent Ambassador to the Court of Denmark to assist at the coronation of Christian IV. He died in 1(506. and was killed at the battle of Dupplin in 1332. and his son was raised to the Earldom of Findlater by Charles I. in 1803. Hawthorn). Sir Lewis Alexander Grantof that Ilk. who fought at the Bridge of Dee in 1639. second son of Sir Walter of Auchterhouse. Sir Walter Ogilvie. Earls of Findlater. sixth Lord Ogilvie of Airlie. the heiress of Lintrathen. by which his posterity were designed till raised to the Peerage. Forfarshire. born in 16C4. James. was Walter. He sold his vote for 100. and remitted proditoriously by the King. He was Lord High Treasurer under James I. who married the heiress of Sir John Glen." of Council for the forcible abduction of the daughter of David Scott of Hadderwick. his grandson. his heir. Sir Walter Ogilvie of Lintrathen. who witnessed many charters to the Abbey of Arbroath. a son of Sir Walter Ogilvie. James. James. The first ancestor of the Ogilvies. Lady Elizabeth. Edward of England. eldest son of Sir Walter Auchterhouse. The line of Sir Alexander.. was a devoted adherent of the Royal family. Sir Thomas. Sir Patrick Ogilvie. dormant since the death of William. in 1616 Lord Ogilvie of Ueskford. second Earl of Airlie. was " out for King James in 1715. John Ogilvie of Inverquharity was created a Baronet in 1627. He effected his escape from the Castle of St. was created by James VI. for his loyal and gallant services to Charles I. in a conflict with Duncan Stewart. Sir James. was made a Lord of Parliament in 1491 by James IV. in 1870. levied a regiment. and fourth Earl of Seafield. and joined Prince Charles at Edinburgh in 1745.. was a loyal subject to Queen Mary. Earl of Gowrie. and in 13S5 obtained from Robert II. by his valour contributed to the defeat of the Covenanters on more than one occasion. James. was forced to swear fealty to the invader.82 THE CLAN OF OGILVIE Badge : Sgitheach geal (Whitethorn. an Earl of Angus in the days of William the Lion. against whom his second son. joined the army of the Loire during the Franco-Prussian War. ending in a daughter. Walter Ogilvie of Airlie assumed the title in 1812. fought at Falkirk and Culloden. a money grant from the thanedom of Kinalty. and sentenced to death. The Ogilvies of Dunlugus were first Baronets in 1627. married Isobel Durward. and assumed the name of Ogilvie from his lands and barony so called. was also High Sheriff of Forfar. became the head of the family. and her husband. as stated. James. though the Chancellor alleged that Ogilvie waylaid Leslie "and then " In the same year Francis Ogilvie of New Grange was "pursued by the Lords (sic) murdered him. for his lands in Forfar in 1296. who became Countess of Buehan. Having no male heir. dying without issue. second son of Gilibred. His son. fourth Earl of Findlater. His son. in 1038. The Sheriff overtook them at a place called Glenberrith. Gambetta a plan of the campaign. He returned to Scotland in 1783. for which he suffered long imprisonment. it is said. ACCORDING . Title extinct. granted a charter to Patrick of Ogilvie of the Barony of Kettenes in Forfar. to Douglas. who invaded the county to burn and pillage. James. He died of wounds in action. when Capitaine d'Etat-majorof the 18th Corps d'Armee. with 000 men. but was taken prisoner at Philiphaugh. the Laird of Logie. and became an officer in the French service. seventh Earl of Findlater. Union. the heiress of Lintrathen. eighth Lord Ogilvie. whose ancestor got that estate by marriage with the daughter of Sir Patrick Inchmartin of that Ilk who was secretary to Robert I. who had served in the Crimean War. after which he retired to Norway. and a Commissioner for renewing the truce with England in 1431. and his second son was Sir Walter of Boyne. was knighted by James III. descended from an old branch of the family. In 1684 Ogilvie. and became as a Royalist very obnoxious to the Scottish Parliament. as Lord Ogilvie of Airlie. a natural son of the Earl of Buehan. was appointed Secretary of State by King William In 1704 he was Chancellor and a promoter of the in 1695. and lost his life in 1391. James. and was succeeded by liis son James. from whom the Lords Banff and Ogilvie of Strathearn. was Vice-Admiralof Scotland in 1737. which was the fortune of his grandson. and in the fight that ensued he fell with his brother and sixty of his clan. and in 1701 was created Earl of Seatield. Lord High Treasurer of Scotland in 1516 were descended. eighth Lord. but the Earldom was not restored by law till 1826. " and was afterwards pardoned. was created Earl of Airlie in 1639. Bart. afterwards fifth Earl. Patrick of Ogilvie.. but was released by James VI. Sir Patrick left a son. who after guaranteeing a Treaty of Peace with England in 1484. principally of the Ogilvie clan. where he was made prisoner. He marched to Derby. and George Ogilvie of Barras (for defending Dunottar against the English) in Ititil. the Ogilvies are descended from a certain Gilbert. writer. of Inchmartin. The present Earl and Chief is the ninth Earl. who married a daughter of William. Sir Walter Ogilvie. He was fined 200 sterling. Walter Ogilvie of Wester Pourie was Hereditary Sheriff of Forfar. Andrews in his sister's clothes. and in 1642 created Lords Banff for the The title has been loyal services of Sir George Ogilvie. seventh of Findlater and Deskford. He died in 1504. David Stuart Ogilvie of Corrimony. He obtained charters under the Great Seal of the baronies of Deskford and Findlater in 1440. Lord Ogilvie. who then added to his own the name of Ogilvie. but the other dignities reverted to his cousin. in 1425. in a jealous quarrel. was succeeded by his brother John. in 1590. fifth Earl of Seafield and Findlater. left no issue by his Countess (a daughter of Count Murray of Melgum). who.
82. . OCILVIE.
but In 1745 his estates were annexed to the Crown. (1330-70) William Robertson and John Reidheuch got a charter of the lands of Loch-house. they appear in independence upon the extinction of the Celtic Earls. about 1338. is the present Robertson of Struan. and choked with weeds and gigantic nettles. a place that derives much interest from its connection with the well-known Jacobite poet. and gave them to the foresaid persons in Vicecom. taking with him eighteen companies of Scottish Infantry under Donald Robertson. and was discovered in the twelfth or thirteenth century. ancestor of the line of Struan." The Robertsons adhered to Bruce in his struggle for the throne and in one of the two isles in Loch Rannoch. he made a fortune in Holland. " whilks were William Mains. MacDougal.:-Dubh Fhraoch (Fine-leaved Heath). The Robertsons first appear as a clan in 1391. under the clach-nan-brattich. In 1437 Robertson of Struan. It was found one day adhering to the pole of the standard when drawn out of the earth. received for a crest a hand holding an imperial crown. tribe is called by the Highlanders the clan Donnachie. and died in 1749 in his eighty-first year. it is from the MacDonalds. SCO strong. was confined by the chief of the Clan Donnachie. Alexander Robertson of Struan. HIS Faskally. was carried on the person of the Chief in battle as a guarantee of victory. and which has always been allowed by themselves. In 1646 the clan joined the army of Montrose. is beheadit at Logereat this zeir. chief of the clan Donnachie. went back to that country. was then a minor. . when in a body they attacked the Lindsays for depriving them of some property at Glenesk. The stone was probably a Druidical beryl. in Athole. in 1676 . Badge. Alexander Robertson of Struan was succeeded by his kinsman. Clan Pipe Music --Salute . was the most important. died in or about 1355. ancestor of the line of Lnde. surrounded by a wall. lived on his property. Earl of Portmore. whose grandson. during the insurrections of 1715 and 1745. Lord Aubigne. Salute"). at the east end of Loch Rannoch. the chief. where Ogilvie and many Ogilvie." or Stone of the Standard. at a second battle in Glenbrerachen. As to the descent of the chiefs of the clan." says James Robertson. In the reign of David II. who was taken prisoner in a battle. and was forfeited. In 1483 Bernard Stewart. an expert and gallant commander. named Donachadh ramhar. "that they must derive from the ancient Celtic Comes de Atholia and. the tutor of Struan. being descended from the family of Athole. "a poet and a sot. . . who got a Crown charter for that barony in 1448. was made a Baronet by Charles II. a cadet of Struan. by the Governor's command. At Dun Alister nothing remains now of the chiefs of the Clan Donnachie but their burial-place. and Patrick. and others. when the clan were followed to their own country. name of Collier. the Clan Donnachie were again victorious. Marshal of France. " The Clach-na-Bratach. for mony willanes (sic) comitted by him. "and it distinctly points out." as Dr M'Culloch has it. as his nephew. or the Robust. a melancholy and neglected spot. In the year of Culloden the fighting force of the clan was 700 men. or Raineach (Fern). "and on a complement. He was "out" in both. having apprehended some of the murderers of James I. with the motto Vertutis Gloria Alerces. and was preserved as sacred. In 1516 he has another and a different notice: " Donald Robertson of Strowan. His sons were Robert of Athole. In the former he led 500 Robertsons at Sheriffmuir. under Donald. like other clans. His commission as Colonel was dated 9th June." From the Robertsons are derived the surname of Collier.83 THE CLAN OF ROBERTSON. Alasdair. Sir Alexander Robertson. etc. the Sheriff of Angus. he returned and restored. in Athole. among whom Collier." Donald Robertson of Struan. The next oldest families of the clan were the Robertsons of Strathloch.. de Linlithgow. Lowland barons were slain and again. which was the designation of the ancestors of the chiefs of the clan for four centuries. notwithstanding which. Gathering "Failte Thigearna Struthain" ("The Laird of Struan's " "Thainig Clann Donnachaidh ("The Robertson's have come"). a wild man chained. in Aberdeenshire. appears a chief in the Roll of the Clans in 1587. Duncan Robertson of Drumachine. and were in possession of very large landed properties in the north and west of Perthshire." Duncan. They were opposed by Sir Walter A battle took place at Glascuny. The residence of the chiefs of the clan was at Dun Alister. and for some reason unknown adopted the .
He became involved in money matters with the Duke of Montrose. given him by several persons to purchase cattle. the ruins Rob stormed it. From that time he was deemed a broken man. In 1715 Rob was at the battle of Sheriffiuuir. In this battle the Highland right wing. in consequence of the Scottish Parliamentary Acts passed for the suppression of his clan. and Camerons. was a younger son of Lieutenant-Colonel MacGregor of Glengyle (an officer in the Scottish army of James VII. Duncan. under Rob's nephew. Rob was longarmed and a matchless swordsman. James. Regiment. It is not improbable that the harsh and cruel proscription of his name. MacGregor of Glengyle's property. and then his lawless life began." In 1691 he was engaged in a predatory expedition into the parish of Kippen in the Lennox. he made prisoner. but when is uncertain. was re established. saying " You have put strife betwixt me and the best men of the country. Helen Mary MacGregor of Cromar on Loch Lomond side. led the clan. his clan and its insignia. MacKenzies. and a salmon from the linn. and his wife. and married a daughter of Graham of Drunkie. Robert MacGregor Campbell. Graham of Killearn. and had the MacGregors charged King James had won the day. In his old age he expressed contrition for some acts of his life." The peaceable inhabitants had to flee for safety and leave their property to the rapacity of this banditti. His grave and that of Helen are still to be seen at the east end of the old ruined church at Balquhidder. James MacGregor. He was certainly. however. It the flames. under the plea that he had a "commission from King James to plunder the rebel Whigs. Rob was ." some kind or other to the property of Craig Royston. cattle. swept Argyle's left off the field. a deer from the hill. who seized . and in 1712 a " reward was offered for his apprehension. Ronald. . a domain of rock and forest lying on the east side of Loch Lomond. Rob Roy retained his position on a hill in the centre and failed to advance. and now you would place enmity between me and my God. designation. They left five sons Coll. may have led to the adoption of this peculiar and neutral tartan by Bob Roy. with the rank of Major. He maintained a predatory warfare against the Duke of Montrose.). Two years after this. HERE upon a gentleman drover. General Wolfe. Lord Tyrawly's Regiment. His lawless life went on year by year. and their quarrel ended in Kob challenging his Grace. disarmed and dispersed the garrison. whose factor. once commanded there. from which he effected his escape. consisting of the Stewarts. in the campaign of 1745. was executed in the Grassmarket for the forcible abduction of Mis Jean Kay. Rob Roy's importance increased on the death of his father. when he succeeded to the management of his nephew." and his landed property was attached by regular form of legal procedure. " His own active in the scenes of warand turbulence subsequent to the Revolution. the South British (now Royal) Fusiliers. The latter shot a Maclaren in He was wounded at Fontenoy in the ranks of the 42nd feud. a thaige which was never sufficiently proved against him. but for some reason unknown. an eccentric but wealthy widow of nineteen years of age. is said to have laughed at his scruples but he rebuked her. returned home. till the Government built a fort at Inversnaid. etc. Thus he was well-born. furniture. under the shelter of the Duke of Argyle. are extant three portraits of this famous outlaw and Jacobite leader. appears to have acquired a right of says Sir Walter Scott. and each representing him dressed in this peculiar tartan of alternate checks of red and black. He was afterwards a prisoner in Edinburgh Castle. and whose rents he drew on more than one occasion. which he defied with the sword. or Robin Oig. Eventually he took refuge in the mountains with 1000. according to the Highland phrase. who." He died on the 28th of December. in 1754. and in those days the cattle were escorted to the Lowland fairs by Highlanders in full array. " was of Inversnaid but he . and escaped all search. absconded. 1734. with all their arms rattling round them. water. and Robert. without avail. when a I'egimental officer of the 20th Foot. his brother Robert.84 THE ROB ROY TARTAN. and died in France about the close of the 18th century. Glilune Dim. victuals. many of them armed with scythe blades. and eventually carried off the baggage of both friends and enemies. all three taken from life. and was wounded at Prestonpans. accorded him wood. and his mother was a daughter of Campbell of Glenfalloch. and gave the edifice to of which still remain. but was again taken and demolished in 1745 by the MacGregors. where that beautiful lake stretches into the dusky mountains of Glenfalloch. was also employed against Rob and his followers. which last name he bore repugnantly.
.84. ROB ROY.
Laird of Esslemont. ancestor of the Rosses of Auchlossan. who inherited the barony of Kilravock through her mother. the deed of conveyance being confirmed by charter from John Baliol in 1293. but of great antiquarian interest. is styled "nobilis vir Hugo Rose. The wife of this chief was Isabella. and contains some old armour. Andrew. but the documentary history of the Kilravock family commences in the reign of Alexander II. were in other parts of Scotland as early as the time of King David I. daughter of Sir Robert Chisholm. Hugh. marrying Mary. by whom he had two sons . built the old tower of Kilravock in 14i'>0. Hugh Rose appearing as a witness to the foundation of the Priory of Beaulieu in 1219. at which time they held the lands of Geddes. dominus de Kilravock. HE . he obtained that addition to his possessions. he procured a charter de noro of all his lands. son of this marriage. and Hugh. etc. daughter of Alexander de Doun. daughter of Cheyne. his successor. who married Morella. and filled various situations of high trust and honour. in a deed of agreement respecting the prior of Urquhart and the Vicar of Dalcross.. Hugh. in Mar. who was served heir to his father in 1431 . His son and successor. not only of private importance. The " Barons of Kilravock" intermarried with the first families in the north. or Roses. who was succeeded by his son John. portraits. . in Aberdeenshire." His son Hugh married Janet. a feudal provision for the better security of property against adverse claims. He was succeeded by his son William.85 THE ROSES Badge: CLANN NA ROSA1CH. situated on the bank of the river Nairn. and family relics. in the county of Inverness. The Rosses. daughter of Sir Andrew de Rosco of Redcastle. He left a son. It is still inhabited. Ros Mairi Fiadhaich (Wild Rosemary). so often preferred in those troublous times. There is scarcely any family whose charter chest is more amply stored with documents. who. The castle is an old picturesque building. by whom he received a large accession of lands in Strath Nairn. Hugh. the second. constable of the castle of Urquhart. ' Roses of Kilravock have enjoyed their property through a descent of nineteen generations.
as in a similar way." Their son Alexander was twice married.. is thus given in 1729 by George Crawford. at Mount Teviot. The ancient Rosses of Balnagowan failed. with reason. The obituary notices for August 1884 contain the death of "Mr George Ross of Pitcalnie. or the Priest's son.86 THE CLAN OF Clan Pipe Music: ROSS. son of George. and was succeeded by William. the daughter of Paul MacTire. in Kincardine. the Lords Ross of Hawkhead. to another family of the same name. ancient Earls of Ross. as they sprang from William. and Fostray. the Robertson's are called the Clan Donnachie. with " a tocher of 3000 merks " in 1072. . who married Helen of Inverugie. daughter of James Grant of Freuchy. daughter to the Earl of Dalhousie. by his second wife. George. yearly. married a daughter of Torquil MacLeod of the Lewes. tenth Lord Ross of Hawkhead. third Laird of Balnagowan. His son. This line ended in Euphemia. and in 1729 was Colonel of the old 5th Royal Irish Horse raised in 168S. brother of Earl William." who married Mary. was called Macant-Sarxii-t. Strathoykel. in Ross-shire. the last Laird of Balnagowan. fighting for his King and country. which is altogether different from their name. Bishop of Ross Hergone. when his title went to the Earls of whom the clan took its name. . by whom he had George. to Katherine. who. Earl Hugh. Historiographer for Scotland. who became a nun. twelfth Lord Ross. sixth of Balnagowan. and disbanded after the Rebellion of 1798. Their son Alexander married a lady of the Duffus family. daughter to Marischal's predecessor. under Alexander III. the Master. David. and William Ross of Little Allan and Coulnaki. bestowed upon him and his heirs for ever a pension of 4000 merks Scots. and Charles II. aged eighty-one. Earl of Buchan. from in the reign of Alexander II. the present Baronets of Balnagowan being in reality the Lockharts. married to the Laird of Kintoul. HIS tribe is designated by the Highlanders as the Clan Anrias. and William who was the root of Rosses of Invercharron and its branches. Earl William. Earl of Ross. Lady Jean Ramsay. conveyed his estate to Brigadier Charles Ross. Earl of Ross. by Anne of Tullibardine. and resigned the Earldom of Ross to her uncle. by whom he had a son Nicholas. granted a charter for the lands of Gairloch in 13(56. fourth of Balnagowan. Hugh. John. daughter of Sir John Campbell of Cawdor. by whom he had Walter. He founded the Abbey of Fearn. First. was killed at Halidon Hill." and it begins with Paul MacTire. who married a daughter of the Lord Livingstone. married Lady Janet. was one of the Scottish nobles who. daughter of George. in 1754. which failed on the death of George. his successor . and a son. second. his son and heir. in 1333." He was succeeded by a grand-nephew. to whom William. Earl of Caithness. Ross of Pitcalnie is supposed to represent the ancient line of Balnagowan. Lord of Skye. had a son. he adds. Laird of Grant. his heir. In 1745 the fighting force of the clan was 500 men. an old and very honourable branch of the clan. and was chief of the Clan Ross. Aiteann (Juniper). The line of Balnagowan and other authorities. The Rosses of Balnagowan were a very ancient line. Hugh Ross. predecessor of the Rosses of Shandwick. at Ross House. The Brigadier was an officer of high military reputation. In the ancient genealogical history they are called " Clan Anrias. Glasgow. witnessed by Alexander. second son of Hugh. Henry the Seneschal. Lord Lovat's daughter. and Arnot. She was the heiress of'Strathcarron." This Ferquhard. David. bound themselves to make no peace with England in which the Prince and chiefs of Wales were not included. and dying without issue. and of his son. of a " charter to Ferquhard Ross. "David the Loyal. a great patriot and steady friend of Robert I. seventh of Balnagowan. Their son William married Catharine. March "Spaidsearachd Badge: larla Ros" ("The Earl of Ross's March"). He died in 1591. and lias. married Lady Ann Stewart. He died at Windsor Castle after the Restoration. John. married the heiress of Balnagowan. and others. of the Earldom of Ross. They had a daughter. second Laird of Balnagowan. in Deceased was the last representative of the Ross-shire. been to be the son of Gille supposed Anrias. The said Walter married Mary. to Jean. the first of the line of Pitcalnie. married Marjorie. daughter of the Earl of Murray. daughter of the Earl of Sutherland. by purchase. Robertson mentions that in the Earl of Haddington's Collections he met with an entry in the reign of Alexander II. dated about 1220. and had "Sir David Ross. and had by her John. and by an unusual circumstance the estate came.. daughter of MacKenzie of Kintail. Earl of Ross. Countess of Ross. His son.
ROSS. .ii = = TfF flf 86.
Countess of Buccleuch. natural son of King Charles II. Bart. Earl of Dalkeith. the elder. dying in his father's lifetime. Countess of Buccleuch. whose line ended with the death of the fourth Earl. second Earl. and died 1320. sixth and present Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry. 1S07. the elder. He was succeeded by his son. Sir David of Branxholm. The eldest. third of Harden. who was created Earl of Buccleuch. Robert's great-grandson was Sir Walter. Sir Michael Scott was great-grandfather of another Sir Michael. who married the heiress of Murthuckstone. Robert and Walter of Synton. 1761. who is said to have Richard. William. who died. James. was great-grandfather of . 16V. Duke of Monmouth. who assumed the name of Napier on his marriage with Elizabeth. leaving a son Michael. Walter. and Alexander of HowSir David had two sons (1) David. created Earl of Deloraine. great-great-grandson Sir Walter. and Henry. On her death. 170H. He was father of Richard. whose descendant is the present Sir William Monteath CHTREDUS filius Scoti had two sons . Mistress of Napier. From the elder. who also succeeded to the Dukedom of Queensberry. 1513. The third Duke grandson Henry. died without issue . 1885. of Dunninald. above named. was created Baron Scott of Buccleuch. Walter. His descendant in the eighth degree was Francis of Thirlestane. The Duke of Monmouth was beheaded 16S5. . and is now represented by Walter Hugh. The younger sou Andrew was great-grandfather of John Scott of Kirkstyle. who had a number of sons. James. 1666. eleventh Lord Napier and Ettrick. leaving two daughters (1) Mary. who married Walter Scott of Highchester. is now represented by Robert Scott of Raeburn the younger son. William. ancestor of the Scotts of Scotstarvit. another Sir William. grandson is William. His descendant. Sir William. was the father of Sir William. whose brother. the title went to her sister (2) Anne. We now return to Alexander of Howpaisley. fifth of Harden.I. From Richard. 1673. Henry John. without issue. and was succeeded by his son Walter. There now remains to be described the family of Balweary. the second. who was created a Baronet. when his English titles were forfeited. created Earl of Tarvas for life. who married James. Sir William.87 SCOTT. Walter. had two sons the younger Hugh. Scott.. His Henry. whose great-grandson by his second marriage. eighth Baron Pol warth. The third son of Sir William. lived in 1130. father of two sons. who was succeeded by his third Duke. Bart. Sir William of Balweary. ancestor of the Scotts of Balweary. became fourth Duke. Earl of Tarvas. and (2) Robert. Charles. his son Francis became second Duke of Buccleuch. the eldest son. The Earl wassucceeded by his son Francis. fifth of Harden. who left two sons . and his grandson is the present Sir Francis David Sibbald Scott. succeeded to the Barony of Montagu . succeeded to the Barony of Polwarth. of Sir Walter Scott. styled Earl of Dalkeith. whose grandson. mentioned at the beginning of this article w-as ancestor of Walter of Harden. was created Baron Montagu of Beaulieu. who succeeded to the Baronetcy of his aunt's husband. who died 1651. Hugh. descended Sir Richard.the younger' left two sons. James Sibbald. leaving two sons. the elder. second Baronet. descended David Scott. His present representative is William. 160(3 . and was succeeded by his son. was taken prisoner at Flodden. Walter Scott of Synton. was Walter of Raeburn. of Ancrum. He left t\vo sons. The first Lord Scott died in 1611. and Sir Michael. the author of " Waverley " (see Maxwell). Sir Gideon. ancestor of the Scotts of Buccleuch. who had two sons. created a Baronet.. was ancestor of the Scotts of Gala . On their marriage they were created Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. was father of Walter. who was known as the wizard. whose paisley.
. SCOTT.WWVVWVWVVWkWVWXWWWVWWWV 87.
he was assassinated at Naumburg in Silesia. In 1603 George. to William de Sancte Clair of the Roslin family . son of the most worthy Major-General Sinclair and Madame Hamilton. left sons. Sir John assumed. Campbell had to relinquish his schemes. Among those who figured in Sweden was Major Sinclair. obtained a Glenorchy victory over the Sinclairs near Wick. and his brother John succeeded. it are recorded in Robertson's Index. from whom the present Baronet is descended. Earl of Orkney. and died in 1705. Badge: Conasg (Whin or Gorse). Lord of Nithsdale.88 THE CLAN OF SINCLAIR. who lived to a great age. son and heir of Henry. fifth Earl of Caithness. and finding himself very deeply in debt. daughter and heiress of Sir John Towers of Inverleith. William. and marching into Caithness. seventh Earl of Caithness. On his death in 1676. and was succeeded by his son. and the Princess . of the House of Montrose. Master of Sinclair. while his second. David Sinclair. but George Sinclair of Keiss was not disposed to submit to this alienation of his rights. a Celtic clan. he was made Earl of Caithness. second Earl of Caithness. Baronets of Stevenston. died without issue in 1698. Earl of Orkney by . who was slain at Flodden. of the lands of Ulbster. who was slain at Verneuil in 1424. are a branch of the Sinclairs of Roslin. eighth Earl. The Sinclairs of Longformacus were created Baronets in 1604. Master of Caithness . born 1691. George. a good and faithful subject of the kingdom of Sweden. raised his clan. William Sinclair. who were ancestors of the Sinclairs of Murkle and Ratter. the John Sinclair. John. and asserted himself as Earl of Caithness. killed at Newmarke . and lineally descended from Sir James of Murkle. . he executed a disposition to Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy. near his castle He was Lord High Treasurer of Scotland in 1445 and Ambassador to there. the Master. these troops beyond Scotland. married a daughter of the Earl of Hyndford. in 1456. Patrick Sinclair. and dying before his father in 1577. the title of Earl of Caithness.Egidia. and soon after settling in Scotland. who was ancestor of the Sinclairs of Mey . in 1441. daughter of Archibald. George. dating back to the days of William the Lion in 1163. Baronets of Ulbster. fourth Earl. and was the first of the peers of that line. a relation of the Conqueror of England. four others of the clan attained rank in the army of Gustavus Adolphus John Sinclair (brother of Caithness). on his return from which. came over with him in 1066. Earl of Caithness. George. was one of the peers who sat on the trial of the Earl of Bothwell in He died at an advanced age in 15S3. and he was the first who extended the services of . Duke of Touraine and Marshal of France. became progenitor of all that name in the kingdom and many charters granted by Robert I. Elizabeth. and died in 1643.Egidia daughter of Robert II. was killed during an insurrection in Orkney in 1529. Charged with affairs of State. surname being originally of French origin. England. illegally. daughter of William Douglas." . made a disposition to his cousin. second eon of John. Among the many cadets of this family are the Sinclairs. John. The first was an advocate. entered the Swedish army and obtained high rank. The Right Hon. Henry Sinclair (or St. of his titles and property in 1672. 17th June 1739. Sir John of Ulbster in 1794 raised a Fencible Regiment. Lieutenant-Colonel of Monro's regiment. and three daughters. Prisoner of War in Siberia 1709 to 1722. are not strictly speaking. whose eldest son succeeded him in the estate of Murkle. with a great number of his clan. HE Clan Sinclair. his chief creditor.. leaving by his countess. had no children. next heir male. sixth Earl. founded the collegiate church of Roslin. and took possession of the property. and his honours devolved on John Sinclair of Murkle. was succeeded by his eldest son George. The Sinclairs of Herdmanston were another branch of the Sinclairs of Orkney. and to pacify him was created Earl of Breadalbane. Francis. son of the Comte de Saint Glair. massacred at Kingellan in 1612. He died before 1480. John. William. His son married Jean. an ancient family long connected with the city of Edinburgh. third Earl of Caithness. He married Lady Margaret. Clair) of Dysert and Ravenscraig was raised to the Peerage as Lord Sinclair in 1488. He placed garrisons in the country to secure it but Keiss prosecuted his claims in Parliament at Edinburgh. has been maintained. Colonel of Horse and George Sinclair of the Sinclair regiment. Besides the Francis Sinclair above named. His successors are shown in the Peerage. Earl of Douglas. His son George. The Sinclairs. on whose tomb the King of that country caused the following inscription to be carved : Here lies Major Malcolm Sinclair.
88. . SINCLAIR.
and that the first of them was so called from having killed an enormous wolf that endangered the life of Malcolm III. in the'Earldom of Mar. and is a collection. by the death of the last Skene of that Ilk. when. designed as of Curriehill. crest. Tradition asserts that the Skenes are descended from the Robertsons of Struan.89 THE CLAN OF SKENE. Dom." which was printed at Edinburgh in 1609. of Skelmorlie. and James Skene of Rarnoir. as its title-page bears. from the Dayes of King Malcolme the Second." brother of Skene of that Ilk. .. an arm holding a garland supporters. In 1594 he was appointed Lord Clerk Register. N " The tatem. First. three dirks or Skenes (or dagger) only. daughter of George Skene of Skene." In November 1680 Fountainhall records that a man named James Skene was sentenced to be " hanged for disouning the King. and took their name from the castle of Skene. together with Alexander Skene of Drumbreck. whose mother was Mary. a plea is moved between " Alexander Skeyn of that like and Thomas. which was in their possession from the thirteenth century till 1827. faithfullie collected furth of the Register and other auld authentic Bukes. in the Royal Forest of Stocket with his Si-en* Hence the family and clan arms are gales. A branch of the old family of Skene. A n - '* . Aberdeenshire the ancient family of Skene always held the rank of free barons. in the Parish of Colinton. In 131S King Robert I. supported by three wolves' heads . succeeded the Earl of Melrose as President of the Court of Session in 1626. George Skene of Auchterairne. by charter granted to his beloved and faithful Robert Skene. the third Bart. of auld lawes and constitutions of Scotland. 23rd January. in 16S7 married Mary." His son. vntill the time of King James the . Gilbert Skene of Dyce. were said to be in some way connected with the Royal family. Lord Erskine" (Acta. At what time he was made a Baronet is unknown. John Skene of Curriehill came prominently forward as an advocate in the reign of James VI. an office which he seems to have shared with his . the estates passed to his nephew. In 1641 Andrew Skene of Auchtertoole was dubbed Knight at Holyrood by Charles I. At Auchtertoole an old house called Camilla is referred to in the " First Statistical Account " in 1793 thus : " Its ancient name was Halyards when it belonged to the Skenes . the lands and loch of Skene (Nisbet's Heraldry "). and it is said to have been the rendezvous of the Fife Lairds at the insurrection in the year 1715. rirtatis reyia merces. In 1488. Alexander Skene of that Ilk appears in 1633 in the " Book of the Annualrentaris " for Aberdeenshire. In 1513 Alexander Skene of that Ilk fell at Flodden. two Highlandmen motto. daughter of Sir Robert Montgomerie. Sir James Skene of Curriehill. Auditorum). the Earl of Fife.
Grandtully. War Cry: "Creag-an-Sgairbh " ("The Cormorant's Rock" Castle Stalker). the present national badge. Badge: Darag (Oak). .90 OLD STEWART. March "Thaimg mo righ air tir am Muideart" ("My King has landed at Moidart"). is supposed to have been worn in former times by such families as the Stewarts of Appin. which is joined with the Thistle in the Collar of the Order. HIS and tartan has been known for more than a hundred years as the "Stewart" Tartan. (rue). etc. That of the Pictish kings was Rudh also the Thistle (Cluaran). on which is built Clan Pipe Music: " Gathering "Bratach bhan nan Stiurbhartach ("The Stewart's White Banner").
OLD STEWART.90. .
THE ROYAL STEWARTS.
Stewart, Steuart, Staart, anrl Steward besides the Gaelic version of it Stiubhard. The ancient form and original name, as spelt by the Royal Family, is Stewart, taken from the office of Lord High Steward of Scotland, which they held for nearly two centuries before they came to the throne. The first traceable progenitor of this gallant and royal race was a Norman, Alan, Lord of Oswestry, in Shropshire, whose family, almost immediately after their settlement in Scotland, became completely identified with the nationality of their new country, and were associated with all its brightest achievements and deepest calamities. Walter, the son of Alan, obtained from David I., in the twelfth century, a charter of the burgh and lands of Renfrew and Malcolm IV7 ., by charter, made the office of High Steward hereditary in the family. In 1263, Alexander, the Lord High Steward, together with the King, led the Scottish army at the battle of Largs, when the Norwegians, under King Hacho, were totally defeated. King Alexander III. was wounded in the face by an arrow, and the Great Steward, fighting in the van, was slain. In 1286, his son, James the Steward, was appointed one of the Regency on the death of the young Queen Margaret during the Treaty of Paris in 1303, he was one of the commissioners sent to watch over Scottish interests. Walter, the High Steward, when in the flower of his youth, with Douglas, led the left wing of the Scottish army at Bannockburn, and was knighted on the field by King Robert. In 1315, he married Marjory, the only daughter of the latter monarch. From this union sprang that race of sovereigns under whom the two kingdoms were eventually united, and whose descendant at this moment wears the British crown. Walter, the High Steward, died at Bathgate in 1328. On the death of David II., the High Steward ascended the throne as Robert II., and first of the House of Stewart. So numerous were the descendants and nobles of the House of Stewart, that we can but refer to them briefly. One of the most famous of these was John Stewart of Coul, afterwards Earl of Buchan and Constable of France. He was the youngest son of Robert, Duke of Albany, and of his second wife, Muriela Keith, of the House of Marischal, and was born about 1380. His father, brother of Robert III., on the death of that unfortunate monarch, became Regent of Scotland ; and lw his intrigues James I., the good and gentle poet-king, was detained till manhood in the Castle of
HERE are four ways of spelling this surname
Windsor. Oil the 10th of August 1424, the Earl of Buchan led a combined army of French, Scotch, and Italians at Verneuil, but was defeated and slain by the troops of Henry V., who buried him with every honour in the church of St. Gration at Tours. His elder brother Murdoch, who succeeded, in 1420, to the Dukedom of Albany and Regency of the kingdom, was condemned and executed for After Mary bestowed the title of Albany on her husband, Henry, Lord malpractices by James I. Darnley and Mar, it became finally vested in the crown. The Stewarts, Lords Invermeath and Earls of Atliole (from whom sprang the houses of Bonkil, Dreghorn, Dale win ton, Buchan, Traquair, etc.), were descended from Alexander, the Lord High Steward, who died in 1283, and was great-grandfather of Robert II. On the death of the Constable of France at Verneuil, without heirs, his earldom of Buchan was conferred on Sir James Stewart, second son of the Black Knight of Lorn, and his line ended with the death of Christian Stewart, daughter of John, Master of Buchan, who was killed at the battle of Pinkie in 1547. The family of Bute are descended from Sir John Stewart, who obtained from his father, Robert II., a grant of the Island of Bute, the ancient patrimony of the Stewarts. The Earls of Galloway are descended from Sir John Stewart, second son of Alexander, sixth Lord High Steward, who received from his father a gift of the lands of Garlies and was killed at the battle of Falkirk, 22nd July 1298. The first of the Stewarts, Earls of Angus, was Sir John of Bonkil, who was created Earl by David II. on his coronation in 1330. Three years after, he was killed at the Battle of Halidon Hill ; on the death of Thomas, third Earl of Angus in 1377, his titles and honours devolved on his nephew, George, who became the first Earl of Angus of the name of Douglas. The Stewarts, Dukes of Lennox, descended from Sir John of Bonkil, killed at Falkirk. Few families were more distinguished in war and peace than this line, from which were descended the families of Halrig, Barscob, and John, Lord d'Aubigny, famous in the Neapolitan wars under Charles VIII. and Louis XII. of France. The male line of this family ended with the death of Charles, Duke
of Lennox, of fever, at Elsinore, in 1672, when on an embassy to Denmark. The male line of the Royal Stewarts (or Stuarts) terminated with Cardinal York in 1807. He was the second son of James VIII. or "the Old Chevalier," and was born at Rome in 1725, and was baptised Henry. In 1745 he was at the head of 15,000 French troops assembled at Dunkirk to assist his brother, Prince Charles, when the fatal news of Cnlloden came, after which he exchanged the sword for the cowl. With him expired all the descendants of James VII.
3LTHOUGII we have
failed to trace the history of this tartan, or fix the date of its introduction, as it has long been a favourite with the people of Scotland, we thought it right to preserve in this work a record of one of the most beautiful tartans associated with the Royal Stewarts.
as Queen Victoria. a daughter.. leaving behind him a son. Elector of Hanover. Alexandrina Victoria. The son of the Elector. His youngest daughter. afterwards George II. married in 1658 Ernest Augustus. James I. and was succeeded by her eldest son. Her Majesty died 22nd January 1901.93 THE DRESS STEWART.. became King of Great Britain and Ireland as George I. two of whom succeeded to the throne under the titles of George IV. on the death "of her uncle." Her late Majesty representing the Stewart family through James VI. ascended the throne on the 20th June 1S37. Sophia. Badge: Darag (Oak). Duke of Kent. and William IV. married in 1818 Victoria Maria Louisa. William IV. who married Frederick V. Elector Palatine of the Rhine. Francis. Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield.. He was succeeded by his grandson. left. of England. of Scotland and I. (laughter of His Serene Highness. Elizabeth. George Lewis. from whom she was descended.. E . Duke of Brunswick. King Edward VII. His daughter. Duke of Bavaria. The fourth son of George III. Edward. Georye III.. old dress tartan of the Royal Stewarts is also known at the present day as the " Victoria Tartan. who left thirteen children. with other children. and died in 1727.Luneburg.
STEWART. DRESS.93. .
From thenceforward the reigning family were prayed for in the Scottish Episcopal Churches. KAROLO.M. MDCCCIX. whereon lay the Garter. and went through the function in a very affecting manner. his father. was Bishop. he soon recollected himself. so that it was feared he would not have been able to proceed . in the ever-memorable campaign of 1745-46 are to be referred to here. covered by a superb pall. HENRICO. with wax tapers. III. George. REGIME. ET. and St. and by desire of George IV. REGIS. fraternal affection. began in a broken voice to sing the office for the dead. CARDIXAUVM. of which See his brother. It is inscribed thus : His achievements and ad-ventures too well known A JACOBO JACOBI. and tears trickled down his furrowed cheeks. has been justly deemed the most graceful tribute ever paid by Royalty to misfortune.. when it was observed that his voice faltered. gave it a very solemn aspect." and with those who suffered and perished in that lost cause. and within a square formed by the troops in Frescati. On each side stood gentlemen servants of the deceased in mourning cloaks. . is nowise different from the Stewart (or Stuart). BKIT." So with that solemn scene ended many a century of stirring Scottish history. lay the Prince's coffin." FILIIS. DBCANO. On the 30th of January 1788 he died in the arms of the Master of Nairn.94 PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART TARTAN. At 10 A. Andrew. seating himself at the altar. however. ANNO. which has filled the land with song and melody. Oil the walls were many texts from large catafalque was erected on steps in the nave of the editice. with the many wax lights. II. "To the last his heart was with Scotland. PATRVM. JACOBI. His funeral obsequies were celebrated on the 3rd of February 1789. and. in which manly firmness. STIRPIS. and religious solemnity were happily blended. on which Scripture emblazoned. EDVAEDO. but his last days and funeral may be less so. MAGN^E. in St. POSTREMIS. excepting that the broad red stripe in the latter is very much contracted. FILIO. STVARDIAE. "The first verse was scarcely finished. HIS tartan. the old Cardinal came to the church in a sedan. The monument erected to him. It was embroidered with the arms of Britain. which. The church was draped with black and gold lace and silver tissue. Badge: Darag (Oak). Peter's. which are now in the Castle of Edinburgh. the Cardinal Duke of York. winch is associated with the memory of that unfortunate Prince. the work of Canova. and brother. in the cathedral of Frescati. III. whose name is still a household word in Scotland.
. PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD. STEWART.94.
by whom he had Eric above mentioned. William. daughter of Eric de Sioblade. He left issue. Marquis of Stafford. made his escape. The fifteenth Earl was made Lord Privy Seal in 1649. designed the son of Friskin. who succeeded his father. Earl Kenneth. Governor and Admiral of Gottenburg. was a Captain in the 56th Regiment of the line. in the reign of Alexander II. and died 1248. who married George Granville. She held the Earldom for seventy-two years and seven months. the seventh Earl. The fighting force of the clan was given at 2000 men in 1745. is said to have obtained a charter of the clan territory from William the Lion in 1197. Lord Duffus. by whom he had two sons. Douglas gives several " predecessors. and was ancestress of the Dukes of Sutherland. at different periods from 1759 to 1763. sixth Earl. Hill. fought at Otterburn. and committed to the Tower in 1716 but being next year released by the Act of Grace he served as a flag-officer in the Muscovite fleet. To this Hugh. "One thousand men of Sutherland have been embodied four or five years together. the second Lord. daughter . when an invasion from France was threatened. and was the founder of the powerful line of Sutherland. Robert. Bart. . where the Danish leader was buried. March "Spaidsearachd an larla Chataich ("The Sutherland's " ("The Earl of Sutherland's March"). twelfth Earl of this long line of warriors. in 1759. had a long and rancorous feud with the MaeKays. Elizabeth. seventeenth Earl. and from 1793 to 1798 without any instance of military punishment. raised in the North to avenge the death of Charles I. and Nicholas. third Earl. fought at Bannockburn." The Church was transferred from Culmalie to Golspie in 1619. are a branch of the Sutherland family. of Sir which James Dunbar of Hempriggs. who married Miss Dunbar. He proposed to the Ministry to raise a battalion among his own clan and followers. after which he was taken at Hamburg. which he bequeathed to his son Robert. joined William of Orange. or Canach or Canaichean (Cotton Sedge).. an only daughter. was the son of Kenneth. and was one of the nobles who in 1320 signed the famous letter to the Pope. William. His son. which was readily accepted. and latterly suffered much for their loyalty." and other writers. Hugh's son William was created Earl of Sutherland before 1236. Lord Duffus. the first of whom was created in 1050.. and was provisionally attainted by the Act I. Badge: Calg-bhealaidh (Butcher's Broom).. and it remained in the service till the conclusion of peace. Pibroch"). is descended from the remnants of the Celtic population who retired before Scandinavian invaders and Hugh." The Lords Duffus. War Cry: Clan Pipe Music: "Ceann na drochaide bige" (A bridge Gathering " Piobaireachd nan Catach" at Dunrobin). is : "In . asserting the independence of the Crown. Countess in her own right. and was banished in consequence of his attachment to Queen Mary. The honours of the family were restored by Act of Parliament on the 26th May 1826. The burial place of the old Earls of Sutherland was at the Church of Golspie in the wall a plain stone bearing the following epitaph hoc diruto ca-meterio Sutherlandia plurimorum comitum cineres conquiescunt. John. He married Charlotte. and led a regiment of foot. fell in defence of his country at Halidon tribe t | le . nineteenth Earl. . who died 2Sth August 1768. from 1773 to 1779. and Colonel of a regiment of 1200 men. He completed the regiment in two months. fought at the battle of Corrichie in 1562. in 1715 and having been engaged in the insurrection of 1715. second Earl of butherland. brought to London. dying in 1839. won another victory over the Danes and Norwegians at a place called Ree-cross. George I. in Sweden. His grandson John. Session i. taken from Gordon's History of Sutherland. William.95 THE CLAN OF SUTHERLAND. Eric.
Major Beauchamp Colclough-Urquhart. was married to James Baird of the Baird family. commanding a troop of the King's Horse. built Craigston Castle about the years 1604 and 1607. Aberdeenshire. now has Craigston Castle. Badge: Lus Leth-an-t-Samhraidh (Wallflower. their names are not given " in the Douglas Baronage. the former name of . He married the heiress of Seton of Meldrum. In 1449 a Thomas Urquhart was Bishop of Ross. clan most probably takes its name from the district so called in Inverness-shire. under date 1626. In the army of Gustavus Adolphus. He was knighted by Charles I. John. In 1680 there were complaints laid before the Council against his kinsman. Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. If so. and one charter under the same monarch. " confirmans concessnm per WillielmuBi Comitum de Ross." In 1649 the Castle of Inverness was nearly demolished by Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty and other cavaliers. He was one of the most quaint writers of the seventeenth century. married William Pollard. (1340-70). of the lands of Fohestery in Buchan. expert commander. daughter of Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty by his wife. . and is chielly known as the translator of Rabelais. under David II. seems to have taken an interest in it for the inscription on the massive silver communion cups show that they were a joint present from him and John Urquhart of Craigfintry." of certain lands. a daughter of Lord Forbes. In 1463 Helen Urquhart. it is stated that there fell the seven sons of Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. and their son. at Whitehall. and learned scholar. and the rents bestowed upon Robert Mouro of Foulis's son Hector. cum Fortyre one to Ada Urquhart of Combathie. Craigston. given by Hugh Ross another to the same. . Among them. Urquhart of Meldrum. There are several charters to persons of the name in Robertson's Index.96 THE CLAN OF URQUHART. 4th July 134:2. was head of the family. 1547. we find Colonel John Urquhart of Cromarty. He was deprived of his post in that year. Mary. . of Meldrum and Byth. and among the witnesses was adam de Urquhart. (laughter and heiress of William Urquhart of Craigston. In some accounts of the battle of Pinkie. one to Adam Urquhart. dated at the castle of the Lord of Urquhart. and accompanied the Scottish army to Worcester in 1651. but he was killed in action in 189S. Gillyflower). Francis Pollard-Urquhart. called the Tutor of Cromarty. In the Roll of Landlords in 1587. In 1678 the Laird of Cromarty and Alexander Urquhart of Newhall were Commissioners in Parliament. afterwards the eccentric and learned Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty." The last Dean of Ross in 1585 was Alexander Urquhart. "a valiant souldier. if he did not reside in the parish of King Edward. John Urquhart of Craigfmtry and Culbo appears as guardian to his grand-nephew.
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