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ADBs Support for Gender and Development - Phase II Results From Country Case Studies

ADBs Support for Gender and Development - Phase II Results From Country Case Studies

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This special evaluation study brings a country and project perspective on the implementation and outcomes of ADB's Gender and Development (GAD) Policy between 1998 and December 2009.
This special evaluation study brings a country and project perspective on the implementation and outcomes of ADB's Gender and Development (GAD) Policy between 1998 and December 2009.

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12/13/2013

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17. ADB’s operational support has also incorporated many of the gov
priorities over the review period. The contribution of other gender-re
particularly through ADB’s economic sector and thematic work, has been m
exception of a few poverty assessments that have also covered gender issues (

18. The six countries studied have differed with respect to ADB’s involveme
of projects supported, both in terms of GAD categories and sector spread. Whil
was adopted in 1998, ADB

2001 to avoid under-reporting and reclassified all projec
esents th

portfolio by GAD category in the six

e composition of the country project

18

6

2

11

11

17

11

15

11

10

16

2

10

5

6

8

11

7

12

23

7

10

21

7

10

0

Bangladesh

Indonesia

Lao PDR

Nepal

Pakistan

Papua N
Guinea

20

30

40

50

60

70

ew

Number of Projects

GAD category I

GAD category II

GAD category III

GAD category IV

Lao PDR = Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Source: Independent Evaluation Department databases.

19. The six countries also vary considerably in the sectoral composition of the overall ADB
portfolio during the evaluation period as shown in Table 1. This affects performance of gender
mainstreaming as typically education, health, agriculture and natural resources management,
rural infrastructure, and financial services—especially microfinance projects—are considered as
being more conducive to achieving gender goals, while transport, energy and public sector
management are perceived as being more difficult in this respect. In addition, the shift to more

6

cilities, and the
mainstreaming.
lishment of the
to focus ADB’s
ward a target of
mposition of the
also mean that some variability can be expected in meeting this
ectors in the six

B P

t

o

y

er Sectors

for the Six Selected Countries, 1998–2009

try

TRP

WSMI

DU

EGY FIN

To

ore

% of Total

sector-wide and programmatic approaches, including multitranche financing fa
increased focus on urban subsectors, bring further challenges to gender
It should be noted that the evaluation period largely pre-dates the estab
corporate target set by Strategy 2020 and the Results Framework in 2008,
operational support increasingly on core sectors, and to move progressively to
having 80% of ADB’s operations in core sectors. Changes in the sectoral co
ADB portfolio over time
particular target in countries. Nevertheless, the share of projects in core s
selected DMCs is close to 60%.

Table 1: AD

rojec Portflio bStrategy 2020 Core and Noncore and/or Oth

Coun

MUL

E

tal C

A. Core Sectors

Bangladesh

1

6

5

6

6

35

68.6

Indonesia

2

8

3

23

46.9

5

5

1

20

57.1

6

7

2

27

69.2

8

6

9

3

5

37

56.9

8

1

0

1

0

11

61.1

Total

39

25

24

19

153

59.5

0

2

2

4

4

Lao PDR
Nepal

4
6

2
3

3

3

Pakistan

6

PNG

1

27

19

B. Nonco

d/or O

r Sec

SM

HSP

Tota

core % of Total

16

31.4

26

53.1

15

42.9

12

30.8

28

43.1

PN

7

38.9

29

15

12

104

40.5

re an

the

tors

ANR

P

IND

l Non

Bangladesh

10

2

2

2

Indonesia

8

11

5

2

Lao PDR

7

0

4

4

Nepal

9

3

0

0

Pakistan

10

11

3

4

G

4

2

1

0

48

Total

ANR = agriculture and natural resources management; EDU = education; EGY = energy; FIN = finance; HSP =
h

Republic; MUL =
d information
services.
r and some PSM
e. Consequently,

As and country
nterventions. In
sector management and
decentralization operations. In Lao PDR, the need is to leverage existing national GAD
organization for improved gender results at the provincial, district and local levels, especially for
ethnic minorities in the highlands. In Nepal, the 2010 CPS although outside the evaluation
period is a good practice case of how GAD can be successfully incorporated in country planning
processes. In PNG, increased efforts are required to increase the gender focus of ADB’s grants
and technical assistance activities. See Appendix 2 for further details on the key areas of
government and ADB gender focus, extent to which there has been convergence and
divergence between national gender priorities, CGAs, and the focus of ADB projects.

ealth and social protection; IND = industry and trade; Lao PDR = Lao People’s Democratic
multisector; PNG = Papua New Guinea, PSM = public sector management; TRP = transport an
and communications technologies; WSMI = water supply and other municipal infrastructure and
Note: It is recognized that some multisector operations are considered noncore and/or othe
operations that include support for the infrastructure sectors are classified as cor
adjustments to these designations may need to be made.
Source: Independent Evaluation Department databases.

20. Findings from the desk review indicate that in Bangladesh, future CG
gender strategies need to prioritize gender-related policy and operational i
Indonesia, the task is to mainstream gender in ADB’s public

7

III.

GENDER AND DEVELOP

ESULTS: FINDINGS FROM COUNTRY CASE

lected countries
holders—project
tions were held
n leaders, and
gather project
r outcomes of its
through: (i) the
onsultations with stakeholders

and, in

jects for performance under each of

he

ness in achieving gender-related outputs and

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