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K 12 Program

K 12 Program

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Published by AlfredzJR

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Published by: AlfredzJR on Feb 02, 2012
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As early as August 2010, rumbles of a new school system to be implemented by the Department of Education were heard throughout the nation. Parents and teachers alike were hesitant about the change, which will see the current 10 year program balloon to 12 years primary and secondary levels for the students. But why the new program? What effect can it have on the current system, and most importantly, on the students? A Background In Numbers Based on DepEd findings, the Philippines had not met the standards required of students to compete on an international level. Our country ranked the lowest in Math and Science international tests such as the 2003 TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study). The low achievement scores of the Filipino students can be attributed to the poor quality of basic education in our schools, more specifically because the current basic education designed as a 12-year curriculum is delivered in just 10 years. Most alarming is the information that ³Our graduates are not automatically recognized as professionals abroad. The Philippines is the only country in Asia and among the three remaining countries in the world that has a 10-year basic education program´. International universities and professionals call for a 12-year education program. Add the fact that our shorter schooling years breed younger gradates, most of whom are younger than the legal limit of 18 to enter work force, and arguably not as emotionally prepared for the demands that higher education, employment, and entrepreneurship call for. Thus there is an urgent and critical need to enhance quality of basic education in the Philippines through the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program. ³The goal of the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program (BEP) is to create a functional basic education system that will produce productive and responsible citizens competencies and skills for both life-long learning and employment´. What Is Going To Happen? The new program will be patterned after the K-6-4-2 Model. ³This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10), and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12)´.

Senior High School Grades 11 to 12 (16-17 years old) Junior High School Grades 7 to 10 (12-15 years old) Elementary School Grades 1 to 6 (6-11 years old Kindergarten (5 years old)

thus it is compulsory to enroll five year old children in school under the new program. and the Philippine society. graduates will be able to meet the standards set by international universities and professionals. their families. Skills training n areas of specialization and electives will prepare graduate for the demands of the ever-changing job market that may yield higher wages and or confidence in starting their own businesses. music and arts. Under Fire Various groups have criticized DepEd wit accusations that they are creating new schemes but losing focus on what truly ails the current school systems ± the lack of quality education. kindergarten will be implemented. time for mastery of the subject. who is overseeing integrated programs formulated by experts in DepEd. such that graduates may opt to pursue higher education should they chose to. The first graduates of the 12-year curriculum will be in 2018. ³What we want is a seamless transition from the current to the enhanced curriculum that is more responsive to learning needs of students and the community´. Studies show that a country¶s gross domestic product (GDP) increases as much as 2% when improvements in the quality of education are made. sports. .Public School are now mandated to offer universal Kindergarten. and training in areas of their interest and specialization. and educators from public and private schools. Included is a timetable for the purposed transitions of old and new curriculums. business and entrepreneurship. Not so. For those who intend to study or seek opportunities abroad. An additional two years of high school will also be given. competencies. Commission on Higher Education (CHEd). agriculture and fisheries. etc. and holistic development for the individual. Luistro said. Benefits/Outcomes The following are the projected outcomes of DepEd for students. A new curriculum will be offered in Grade I and First Year Junior High School students by June 2012. Technical Education Skills and Development Authority (TESDA). allowing students to acquire skills. according to Education Secretary Armin Luistro. - - How will this be implemented? DepEd is preparing a carefully sequenced implementation plan to ensure smooth transition with the least disruption that will start this school year 2011-2012. such as science and technology. which will see our five year old children entering school. while Senior High School will be implemented by SY 2016-2017. Decongested workload for the student. Beginning June 2011. DepEd first step was to create an eight-week Kindergarten Summer Program (KSP) to ensure that Grade I entrants have the necessary learning for the coming school year.

. and textbooks to implement the new curriculum. yet many questions remain. and textbooks for the kindergarten level. there is a call for teachers.What This Means for Everyone An estimated P60B is needed for new infrastructure. We stand today on the brink of change. teachers. Already. classrooms. Are the students and parents ready for the additional years of schooling? Are the teachers prepared to take a new task? Will the government be able to fully upgrade the quality of education? And will society truly stand to benefit from al this? Only Time Will Tell. SY 2011-2012 marks the beginning of K+12.

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