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Figurative Language 2011

Figurative Language 2011

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Published by: teresaleary on Feb 02, 2012
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Figurative Language

Figurative Language
Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Alliteration Repetition Symbolism Personification Idiom Assonance Rhyme

A simile is a comparison of dissimilar things using the words like, or as. For example: The wind cut through her light sweater like knives and chilled her to the bone.
Examples: She was quiet as a mouse. He ran like lightning.

My dad made an angry face.

My dad snarled at me like an angry lion.

Like a simile, a metaphor also compares two dissimilar objects to create a picture in the reader s mind. Unlike the simile, the comparison is not directly stated, and the words like or as are not used. For example: The old woman s skin was a sundried raisin.


The formation or use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. whoosh crackle buzz boing growl drip crash ding dong pop lub dub

the intentional exaggeration or overstating, often for dramatic or humorous effect 
I will die if no one asks me to dance. I'm so hungry I could eat a horse. I told you a billion times not to exaggerate. I've heard that a billion and one times. She is one hundred feet tall.

Alliteration is a literary technique, in which successive words (or stressed syllables) begin with the same consonant sound or letter. Examples: sweet smell of success a dime a dozen bigger and better jump for joy international man of mystery

And our nation itself is testimony to the love our veterans have had for it and for us. All for which America stands is safe today because brave men and women have been ready to face the fire at freedom's front. -- Ronald Reagan Vietnam Veterans Memorial Address "Step forward, Tin Man. You dare to come to me for a heart, do you? You clinking, clanking, clattering collection of caliginous junk...And you, Scarecrow, have the effrontery to ask for a brain! You billowing bale of bovine fodder!"

Repetition- The return of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature. Repetition is an effective literary device that may bring comfort, suggest order, or add special meaning to a piece of literature. Example: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall; All the King's horses and all the King's men Couldn't put Humpty together again

Symbolism is used when a writer uses an event, item, or a character to stand for something else. Symbols can be characters, such as a character symbolizing good or evil. Objects can also be symbols, such as Two-Bit Mathew s switchblade or a socs madras shirt. People can be symbols, such as Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol. Authors use symbolism when they want to portray something to the reader without using the narrator.

Personification is a kind of comparison wherein animals, elements of nature, and abstract ideas are given human qualities. Examples: The stars smiled down on us. The friendly gates welcomed us. An angry wind slashed its way across the island. Time is the subtle thief of youth. The sun smiled on the children as they played. The flowers danced in the wind. Justice spread her arms over the defendant. The stubborn door refused to open. The ants marched home.

An idiom is a saying that is not literal. It does not mean what it actually says.

Examples: I m back to square one. Dancing is a walk in the park. Time sure flies when you re having fun. I want to follow in his footsteps. Who let the cat out of the bag?

The repetition of a vowel sound within a piece of writing. Creates internal rhyming within phrases or sentences. Example: Hear the mellow wedding bells. Edgar Allan Poe, "The Bells"

‡ Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words. ‡ Adds a songlike quality to verses and emphasizes certain words and ideas.

Rhyme Scheme
The regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem: Under a spreading chestnut tree The village smithy stands; The smith, a mighty man is he With large and sinewy hands; And the muscles of his brawny arms Are strong as iron bands. a b a b c b

³The Village Blacksmith´ ± Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Rhyme (Internal)
- The rhyming of words within a line For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And the stars never Rise but I see the bright eyes Of the beautiful Annabel Lee ³Annabel Lee´ ± Edgar Allan Poe

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