Pulmonya ]Ang pulmonya o pamamaga ng baga (Ingles: pneumonia)[1][2], binabaybay ding pulmunia o pulmuniya,[2] baga o karamdaman ng baga at ng sistemang

respiratoryo. Ang baga ay naglalaman ng maraming maliliit na mga bulbo, mga bumbilya, o mga sako na tinatawag na mga alveolus (isahan) o alveoli (maramihan). Nakakatulong ito sa pag-alis ng oksiheno mula sa hangin. Sa kaso ng pulmonya, ang mga sako ay nagiging maga. Napupuno sila ng mga pluwido, at hindi makasipsip ng sapat na oksiheno, hindi katulad ng dati. Maaaring dulot ang pulmonya ng bakterya, birus, punggus, o parasito. Maaari rin itong sanhi ng kimikal o pisikal na pinsalang nagawa sa mga baga. Maaari ring magresulta sa pulmonya ang ibang mga karamdaman, katulad ng pag-abuso sa alak o alkohol o kanser sa baga. Ang mga taong may pulmonya ay karaniwang nahihirapan sa paghinga. Maaari rin silang umuubo, o may nararamdamang hapdi sa lugar ng dibdib. Ang paglulunas ng pulmonya ay naaayon sa kung ano ang sanhi ng karamdaman. Kapag dulot ng bakterya, magagamit ang antibiyotiko upang gamutin ito. dahilan Ang mga sintomas ng nakakahawa pneumonia ay sanhi ng paglusob ng mga sa mga baga sa pamamagitan ng microorganisms at sa pamamagitan ng tugon ng immune system upang ang impeksiyon. Kahit na higit sa isang daang mga strains ng mikroorganismo ay maaaring maging sanhi ng pneumonia, lamang ng ilang ay responsable para sa karamihan ng mga kaso. Ang pinaka-karaniwang sanhi ng pneumonia ang mga virus at bakterya. Mas karaniwang sanhi ng nakakahawa pulmonya ay mga fungi at parasites. Pulmonya Paggamot Karamihan sa mga kaso ng pneumonia ay maaaring itinuturing nang walang ospital. Karaniwan, ang oral antibiotics, pahinga, fluids, at pangangalaga ng bahay ay sapat na para sa kumpletong resolution. Gayunpaman, ang mga tao na may pneumonia na nagkakaroon ng problema sa paghinga, ang mga tao na may iba pang mga problemang medikal, at ang mga matatanda ay maaaring mangailangan ng mas advanced na paggamot. Kung ang mga sintomas makakuha ng mas masahol pa, ang pulmonya ay hindi mapabuti sa paggamot sa tahanan, o mga komplikasyon nangyari, ang tao ay madalas na hospitalized. What are the symptoms? Symptoms of pneumonia caused by bacteria usually come on quickly. They may include:
y y y

Cough. You will likely cough up mucus (sputum) from your lungs. Mucus may be rusty or green or tinged with blood. Fever. Fast breathing and feeling short of breath.

How is pneumonia diagnosed? Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and do a physical exam. the more tests you will have. the more tests you will have. o Show conditions that may occur with pneumonia. But an X-ray does not always show whether you have pneumonia. and your overall health. or acute bronchitis. Diarrhea. This is usually enough for your doctor to know if you have pneumonia. Feeling very tired or feeling very weak. the X-ray results may: o Suggest the type of organism (bacterial. lung cancer. which is almost always done to check for changes in the lungs that may mean pneumonia and to look for other causes of your symptoms. o Show complications of pneumonia.y y y y y y Shaking and "teeth-chattering" chills. In general. . Pneumonia . Fast heartbeat. and problems in blood vessels or in the lungs themselves can be responsible. In general. You may need more tests if you have bad symptoms. A physical exam. Read the Coughing Up Blood (Hemoptysis) article > > The need for more tests often depends on how severe your symptoms are. or fungal) causing pneumonia. Infections.Exams and Tests Your doctor will usually diagnose pneumonia with: y y y Your medical history. A chest X-ray. cancer. Other tests Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems Coughing Up Blood (Hemoptysis) Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) can be a sign of a serious medical condition. such as heart failure. Coughing up blood generally requires medical evaluation unless the hemoptysis is due to bronchitis. the sicker you are. especially if it is done when you first get sick. o Reveal another condition. viral. or have other health problems. Chest pain that often feels worse when you cough or breathe in. Nausea and vomiting. the sicker you are. are an older adult. such as fluid in the chest cavity or a collapsed lung. In some cases. your age. You may have this only one time or many times. This is especially true for older adults and infants. He or she may order a chest X-ray and a blood test.

in younger adults and those older than age 55 who have a healthy immune system. the flu. This test can identify some bacteria that cause pneumonia. and people who have some long-term (chronic) conditions is called the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV). have severe shortness of breath. Avoid people who have infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia. especially in older adults or in people who have other long-term (chronic) diseases. The chickenpox shot (varicella-zoster vaccine) can prevent most cases of pneumonia caused by the virus that causes chickenpox. avoid people who have them. Pneumonia . or have a condition that increases your risk (such as asthma or COPD). You're more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke. o If you haven't had measles or chickenpox or if you didn't get vaccines against these diseases. Adults may need to be vaccinated against measles if they have not had the disease or were not vaccinated during childhood. Wash your hands often. people who smoke. o Stay away from people who have colds. If you are very ill. The vaccine for older adults (age 65 or older). Flu.6. Consider getting a shot if you are older than 13 and have not had chickenpox. or other respiratory tract infections. Yearly flu shots may keep you from getting the flu. Vaccinations Vaccines to help prevent pneumonia are available. y y y Stop smoking.Prevention There are a number of steps you can take to help prevent getting pneumonia. . Chickenpox. The flu shot can be given at the same time as the pneumococcal vaccine but in a different arm. The vaccine for children is called the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). The pneumococcal vaccine may not prevent pneumonia. such as infection in the bloodstream (bacteremia) or throughout the body (septicemia). Rapid urine test. your doctor may test your mucus. 7 Other vaccines can prevent common diseases that sometimes lead to pneumonia. This can help guide treatment for pneumonia. Tests include a Gram stain and a sputum culture. Vaccination of children for measles can prevent most cases of measles.Mucus test. But it can prevent some of the serious complications of pneumonia. The flu often can lead to pneumonia. such as: y y y Measles. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.

All antibiotics used have a high cure rate for pneumonia.Medications Doctors use antibiotics to treat pneumonia caused by bacteria. always follow the directions about how much to use based on age and weight. you have shortness of breath or a fever. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20 because of the risk of Reye syndrome. Ask your doctor or pharmacist how much you can take every day. Consider taking acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) or aspirin to help reduce fever and make you feel more comfortable. If you do use these medicines. If they do.8. Take care of your cough if it is making it hard for you to rest. you feel weak. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Medication Choices Antibiotics for Pneumonia Although experts differ on their recommendations. or you feel faint when you stand up. your doctor will prescribe antibiotics without first identifying the exact organism causing the illness. And you should not try to stop your coughing unless it is severe enough to make breathing difficult. A cough is one way your body gets rid of the infection. so check the label first. Always check to see if any over-the-counter cough or cold medicines you are taking contain acetaminophen. 9 the first antibiotic used is usually one that kills a wide range of bacteria (broad-spectrum antibiotic). Pneumonia . Cough and cold medicines Be careful with cough and cold medicines. Your doctor may want to see you after a week of treatment to make sure you are getting better. Be sure to contact your doctor if you do not feel better. The following measures can help you recover and avoid complications: y y y Get plenty of rest.Home Treatment Home treatment is important for recovery from pneumonia. There are many types of antibiotics. They may not be safe for young children or for people who have certain health problems. your cough gets worse. or prevent rest.5 . cause vomiting. Your doctor will decide which antibiotic will work best for you. In most cases.Pneumonia . make sure the acetaminophen you are taking in your cold medicine plus any other acetaminophen you may be taking is not higher than the daily recommended dose.

This is called hospitalacquired pneumonia (HAP). When this happens. drink. Also. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) occurs outside of hospitals and other health care settings. This may happen if something disturbs your normal gag reflex. dialysis centers. HAP tends to be more serious than CAP because you're already sick. Most people get CAP by breathing in germs (especially while sleeping) that live in the mouth. hospitals tend to have more germs that are resistant to antibiotics (medicines used to treat pneumonia). or throat. Health Care-Associated Pneumonia Patients also may get pneumonia in other health care settings. About 1 out of every 5 people who has CAP needs to be treated in a hospital. vomit. Other Common Types of Pneumonia Aspiration Pneumonia This type of pneumonia can occur if you inhale food. CAP is the most common type of pneumonia. Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Some people catch pneumonia during a hospital stay for another illness. You're at higher risk of getting HAP if you're on a ventilator (a machine that helps you breathe). it's called a lung abscess (AB-ses). or excessive use of alcohol or drugs. swallowing problem. Aspiration pneumonia can cause pus to form in a cavity in the lung. This type of pneumonia is called health care-associated pneumonia.Types of Pneumonia Pneumonia is named for the way in which a person gets the infection or for the germ that causes it. and outpatient clinics. About 4 million people get this form of pneumonia each year. or saliva from your mouth into your lungs. Most cases occur during the winter. . such as nursing homes. such as a brain injury. nose.

early diagnosis and treatment are important. In a serious cases. Remember even though pneumonia can be treated with herbal and homeopathic remedies. mycoplasma pneumonia. Or recovery at home may be possible. Even with the many effective remedies. a type of CAP. This will help prevent recurrence of pneumonia and relapse. your doctor may advise a hospital stay. . it is an extremely serious illness. Symptoms of Pneumonia Call your doctor immediately. and Chlamydophila pneumoniae²cause atypical pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia is passed from person to person. Continue to take the medicine your doctor prescribes until told you may stop. Follow your doctors may advice.Atypical Pneumonia Several types of bacteria²Legionella pneumophila.

.

UBO PANINIGARILYO .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful