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EXOUV W01"O00 TCClA1wm:t o1"iC.'v/IHltpi(JrolJ WU K0f. o ro rurro- I . ~yfjKE o r«. Iuvt. H rrpwtT] PW<JlKrl CKOOOT] 1"OU «MClVHPEOtOt) tOU KOIlIlOUVl<JnKOU KOIlIlCl1"OC. OiVEt tOV xmpo Y1a Ilta tEnCl OOUAta.• H h:oOO"l11tOU ciVa<PEPEtat ~YiiKL to . to. Acupia /872 OPOAorOI ITH PQIIKH TOY 1882 EKLlOIH . yfjc. criuep«. tfjc. (4o IltpOC. Mnopsi Ilta IlE1"ClYEVE01"EPT] EK8ooT] vd ~yd OUVooculltVT] areo Ilta ciOClYWYrl.K Mripr. Too1"T] TJ aVCl1"Orew0T] llaC. TCOO Oa YEq>UpWOEt rriv areoo1"CloT] areo 1"0 1847 filC. 1') pOE tOOO aVClreaV1"EXCl. 1860-18701. . apxtc.YEVtKEC.».1f..llltc. • QOtooo 1"0 MClVt<ptOW slvrn EVCl iOWP1KO V1"OKOtJIlEVW nou otv £XOUIlE ma to OtKCliWIlCl vri 1"0 aA. roix. 24 wu .. «. DEKUEtiClC.) Kt liv KCli <JllIlEPCl aKollCl elvor aKpt~dc.. otv civet crwcrnj . xui <P. mo rrOAAa KOIlIlCl1"Cl reoo a1tClptOIlOUV1"Clt EKd . 1"OUC. Aovoivo. L"ptp(J)va pc rrjv CKOO(JI/ Fptup trpc: dno ro. <l>piV1"P1X "EVYKcAC. avn1toAin:uoT]C. YPClj. 1"0. KaPA M<ip~. AE1tWIlEPEtEC.10"Vl(JTlKOU rou /872 Kouuaioc».• H XPovoAoyia 1869..Aa~OUIlE. rrj )'I:PlJaV1Krj CKJO(JI/ toi.MANI<I>HTO TOY KOMMOYNIl:T1KOY KOMMATOl: 7 ow. nou IlE1"Clq>pa01"T]KE arro rov MrtnxouVlV. "EV)'KI:). <J1"iC. nou ot llaC. yui tTl onioT] 1"WV KOIlIlOUVt01"WV a1tEVClV1"t 01"a OUiq>OPCl KOIlIlCl1"Cl 1"fjc.). Iouvn 1872. (Illll.·/(i. KCli 1l0VO yta 1"0 YEYOvoc on anCl~E OAOKAT] porn xc TJ TCOAtnKrl KCl1"a<J1"ClOT] KClt TJ Icropucri E~tA1~T] t~Clq>aVtm: aTCO 1"0 TCPOOWTCO TfjC..

• Eow AEl1tOUV ollAaOtl 'ion-Ion 1'1 Poxriu Kai ol • Evcouevsc. KAI <1>.8 K.OltT)C. . ta rdipo J3101ll'jXaVlK6 1l0V01tc..lC rnv l:KJ.. ENrKEAl: 'tOU «KOA. KAOVi~El aU9Cl1EAa 'ttl W:yciAIl Kai ttl fllKPtl Eupro1talKtl yatOX'tllaia .• H 'iow f:1tiaT)C. Kai ltOU oi • Evrol1£VEe. vel xnrumuo-roiiv J. UAEC. nOAl'tEiEe. 'tIie. 1'1 ~Uall unopobos vd od proO'tKtl &KOoall 'tOU Movupecroo) Ilovaxa Eva <PlAOAOYlKO 1tapaoo~o. ypaq>ave TO Mavtq>£oto. Ka'tavelAroalle. EuproltalKfJe. IlOAl tEiEe.OAlO tfJe.DICOA». 'tfje. ueruvdoreoon l:m':'tpE\jIE a'tic. Mid 'tsna yvc. xWpEe.Oltll· Ilooo n:AElroc. xWpEe. Of OUO 'tOU'tEC. Kui oi ou6 Aol1t6v xWpEe. 1tOU U1tfJPXE a'ttlv EUpc. EUpc. ~unKfJe.Oltll ltpW'tEe. 'to OElXVEl mo ~EKel9apa 'to 'tEAwtaio KE<paA(110 'tOU Muvupeoroo: «' H a'taall tWV xouuouvto rdrv u1t£vavn ata ~la<popa xouunru tfJe. npou tl9wav o rnv EUpc. rov KOlp6 ltOU 0 Map~ KalO wEV'}'KeM.01tlle. Kat itmv auyxpova uyopse.lE'taAAWaT) 'twv rspdorunv t3011911'tlKWV ~lOflT)xaVlKWv roue 1tIlYwv I1C 'tcna EVEPYll'tlKo'tl'j'ta Kai ac 'tcna KAil1aKa. cr«. 11£ rov Evav fj 11£ rov UAAO tPOltO. ltOU 9a 1tPCltEt' va altaaEt ouvrouu 'to roe. MEt. a'tT)piYllata 'tou Ka9Eatw'tOe. Ylel 'ta ~lOllllxavlKa 'tlle. TO-tE. • EvroI1CVEe. Kat elypa<pdo a uurnv (a'ttl * ~T]AOOll (I:TJll. uv'tiopaalle.Vtl1tOAl'twalle.». EUpc. Tj'tav. 'tlle. o. nOAl'tEiEC. MAP:=. ola<popEe.).. ltPOIOVru. • Htuv 1'1 £7WXtl noo 1'1 Pmotn U1to'tEAouaE 'ttlv 'tEAw'taia l1E'YelAll E<pEopEla oAIle. 1tOU 6 auvayrovlafl6c. OW<popEtlKa civet 'tel ltpaYlla'ta criuepu! "Iou-iou 1'1 Eupro1talKtl ueruvdcrsucn &OOaE 'ttl Sovcromrc attl Bopsur •Auspucri v· o.va1t'tu~El I1la YlYelVtla YEroPYlKtl ltapayroYtl.Oflll 9thav oriuepo uouva'tll· Iloco neptopiouevn &')('taall dYKelAla~E uKofla tors (ro ~EKcll~Pll 'tOU 1847)* to 1tPOAE'taplaKo xivnun. U1topo<pouaav 11£ 'ttl IlE'taVelatwall 'to 1tPOAErnpunco ltAEOVaal1a OUVal1T)e.

KaOfjKov LOU K0J.lOVapXE~ 'tli~ Eupo)1tTJ~.l0VaOlKrl oro'tTJPia o. "A~ 1tEpaOOUJ. MOTJe.va1t'tUoOEtat 'tau'toxpova yta 1tPOl'tTJ eopd J.1tOTEAEOE1 ouvOTJJ..H J.PXTIYO'tfj<.lOA1~ rcopn dvnrcnioosrui. ~rlJ.1tO'tEAd rriv 1tPOIjlUAaKrl'tli~ f:1tavaoTanKli~ opaoTJ~ Tli~ Eupro1tTJ~..onKrl yalOX'tTJoia 1tOU J. KOlVlie.v'tayrovlOJ.VOi~El YPrlyopa Kai OTrlV o. EmKEiJ.l1taAatae.la~i vd OUJ.lEVTJKa'tapYTJOTJ 'tli~ OOYXpOVTJ~o. vd 1tEpaOE1 KatEU'tli~ Bsiuv o rriv o.vaJ.la~tKO 1tpOAE'tap1aLO Kai J.l1a J. proatKrl "OJ.l0UV10nKOu MaVtljlEOLOU Tj'tav vd OtaKTJPU~E1on slvm o..1tO 'to 1tpOAE'tap1aLO 1t00 J. .lla TrlV dAATJ.la: unopet dpaYE .lEon . ~Trl Poiotu OJ.lovaxa oi J.lEyaAo 1t1a ~aOJ.l0Pljlrl Tlie.lEUJ. Kni 'ta ouo aU'ta nsptortrnxd EmOpouv J.l0Pljlrl tlie. proatKrl f:1tavaomOTJ o...lOvTJo.lUOtKrlOUYKEV'tproOTJ'trov KEljlaAairov. J.lEP1Krl. lmOKU1t'tE1 ~aOJ.l1~TJ 'trl J.l1aia orov o..l10rl Kai 1tavro Yli slvm xoivi] 101OXTTJoia 'trov o. au'to 'to eEJ.lTJxaV1Ka OtaJ.lEpa 0 rcdpoc elver aiXJ.la. "H o.yupTia noo o. EupromltKfj<. 1taJ.va1tOIjlEUX'tTJ. OE J.l1tOrotvu.l00UvTJe.lO 'trov Y1yav'trov-ljlapJ.vTteEta ea 1tPE1tE1 vd 01atpE~E1 1tproTa tJ1V 'iota nopaic OlaAUOTJ~ 1t00 xapaKTTJpi~E1 rriv iOTOPlKrl E~EA1~TJ'tlie.. H J.1taVTTJOTJ1t00 unopst vd ooed orlJ.lE'trl csipd roue E1taVao'tanKa 1tavro erriv 'iota rriv ' AJ.lEAlO OAOU LOU 1tOAlnKOU 'tTJ~ KaeEO'tal'tO~. KOlVOX'tTJJ.. AyyAia~. troP1Vrl pro- . .laAro'tO~ Tfj~ E1taVaOTaoTJ~ OTrl Fxuroivu xui . o. J.a o.lEOTJ yalOX'tTJoia 'trov ljlapJ..la Y1a to J..:\uoTJ. ' AVaKrlPU~aV rov todpo o.l1Kprl Kai . OTrlV K0J.l1a 1tpOAETap1aKJ1 f:1tavaomoTJ OTrl .la Kai oi Eupro1tai01 o. Tdipo J. ~AE1tOUJ. Yli~. Prootn o. EVro o'ta ~10J..l1taiVE1 'to Epro'tTJJ. hat 1tOU oi OUO J. aUTrl .lJ.lE nopa O'trl Puxrin! Tov Kalpo 'tli~ Enavao'taoTJ~ LOU 1848-1849 aXl J.lEp~.onKli~ 101OXTTJoia~.YPOTroV.lEVTJ J.lOA1~ dPXt~E vd ~U1tv<iEl..l0UV1onKrl J.VrotEPTJ. J.lo U1tOV0J. J.lEpioJ.....lEpa 0' auto eivm: dv . TOTE".o'toi ~pliKav o'trl proatKrl o.l1tATJprovouv .lro~ 1tAai: orriv Ka1tl'taAlonKrl o.lJ..MANICPEHO TOY KOMMOYNIl:TIKOY KOMMA 'rot 9 OtKa 'tli~ .. yalOXtTJoiae.lEp~.v'tiopaoTJ~.

AUlae. ayrovwv dvaJ. «ai <1>.tw . tiie. O<PElAEl mo 1tOAAa 1tupa at 61tOlOVbr]1tO'!E aAAOV.. d1ton:Aouv tr] ~o. MAPE KAI <II.e. n. 1tall1to. uou '!()V 1tPOAOYO wU'!TJe. tfje.w on ElVUl avuYKaio vri blUmc nooto pTJta aKolla J. blo.. Ttopu. xui '!iie. r~VC'.TJ 1882 Map~. 6 Map~ aVU1tUuE'!Ul o ro VEKPO'!U<pEio tou XalYKtl'! Kui 1tavw orov rdrpo tQU <pu'!porve l KlOAUe. (drro tOY KUlPO tfje. K. vu u1toypa\Vw J. "Evnc AOyoe. KapA Fptuptrpce ano TOU~ Mapf.. Eupro1tTJe.lOVOe. ro 1tp&to xoptapl. UatEpa a1t'tO Odvcro rou.~ yui Trj &UT~PTJ PW(]IKrj CKoocrTJ TOU «Mavuptatou TOU KOPPOVVlcrTlKOU Kouuatoi.llo. Yiie.aTJ Yla rriv 1tOAltlKr] xui rrvsuuurtxr] icropin aunle.lOUVla'!lKr] E~tAl~TJ. '0 Map~. nle. <l>piV'!PlX wEVYKEAe. 1tOU a' UUtOV 1'] EPyunKr] '!a~TJ '!iie.lJ. AIlEplKiie. KOlvfje..) OA1'] 1'] io'ropln Y)'!Uv icropiu ta~lK&v dyrovwv. EKOOaTJe. sivrn 1tOU ot unopsi md vd yiVEtal Aoyoe. slum avuYKualltvoe.lEuaEl ouv a<pE'!TJPiu Yla J.». 1tOU 1tPOtPX£'!Ul a1t' aU'!r] V avaYKaa'!lKo.lla KOJ. 21 WU Fsvdpn 1882. . unopel vd XPTJcrlJ.lwa at . 6 av9pw1toe. • H ~acrtKrj iMa 1tOV Kuplapxd cro Muvupeoro dVUl rj iOEa on 1'] oixovojuxri 1tapaywYr] xui 1'] KOlVWVlKr] olapOpwaTJ xri9E iawplKiie. ·EVYK~A. AOVblVO. iOlOXtTJaiae. Euplpwva pi TO XClpoypalpo IIPOAOrOI: I:TH rEPMANIKH TOY 1883 EK~OI:H Aua'!ux&<. E1toxiie. Yla aAAaYr] ii Yla aw1tAr]pwaTJ tou Muvupsoroo. ENrKEAI: crtKr] KOlVr] iOlOX'!TJaiu '!iie. on aUIl<Pwva 11' mhO.10 K.AUaTJe. <popa rri 1tapaKo. nupundvco 1tOU Ilt KavEl vd VOllii. Yfie. i':1toxiie.

EKliocrl]<...MANI<I>D:TO TOY KOMMOYNI~TIKOY KOMMATO~ II T(i~EIe. ~aSlli8EC. 28 1"OU "louvn 1883 Fpdl{JrllKc dn:o rov <P..mcrtij~E<. XatpniO"'!T]KE 11' £vSoumacr~o ano 1"J1V 1"01"E dKo~a OAt yapIOIl T] rcpOq>uAaKJ1 WU f:1tlcr1"T]1l0VIKOU oootus.. 1"J1VKaWntEcrT] Kai roue m~lKouC. on 0IlWe. rtou xurd lrj yvffi~1] ~O\J elver npooptcucvn vd ({ltpn yvi rriv iCHOPIKrj Emcrtrj~l1 triv llilU rrpoolio ROU £({lEPC 1') Ilcoopia taU L'1ap~ivo\J or«. civm IonIon rcou xpElaSE1"at i] OJ1AWcrT] mhJ1 vd npowxSd 0"1"0 'iOto 1"0 Muvupeo ro. '!l'ie.. q>optc. 1"0 uno8ci- I. Aovoivo. uvouecr1"ie. £KIlE1"aHElrtpIEe. vri anf. EXEI qmicrEI rropo ilIa ~aOllioa onou i] 6KIlETaAAWOIlf. l:' al>1:rj rriv iOta. OUiq>opEe.. ornv ~yijKf. "EVYKDAr. l:KIlETaHWOIlEVSe.i. Atoo orov rrp6Aoyo tij<. ..t unoKAElcrnKa Kat ~OVO 0"1"0 Mup~ I. Kai '!(i~EIe. Kai ou crt T(i~EIe. £~tAI~T]e.AWSEpwcrn CJuyxpova Kat Yia mivtu OAOKAT]PT] 1"J1V xotvroviu uno rriv 6KllnuAAwcrT]. 0 ayffivae. KupiapXEe. At'J'!0 1"0 EXw nEl rcoHce. dYYAIKij<. T(i~w. 1"wpa 0llwe. whoe. UnO'!EAElC. 'EV&.VT] Kai KaTa1tlEsOIlEVT] 1"a~T] (1"0 npoxsrnpidro) oc unopcl ma V' anEAWSEPWSd ano 1"J1V T(i~T] nou 1"J1V f:KIlETaHEUf. xwpie.touoii (orcwe. AtJ'!J1 i] ~amKJ1 iota UVJ1Kf. Yld fiT I'CPflavIKIj F-K6o(J1l roD «Mavupto io» roD Kouuouvtattroii Kouuatoc»... flI{JWVa flt V toi) rIjv CK6o(Jfl 1883 AITO TON ITPOAOrO LTH rEPMANIKH EK~OLH TOY 1890 To Muvupsoro dXE 81Krl rou swll. KOIVWVIKije. XOT/VYKev-ZupiXll 1883 } . ({lllcrtK£<.TaI Kat 1"J1V KaTa1tltsEt (ano 1"J1V acrnKJ1 1"a~T]). dyWVEe.

pl1aVIKrj EK(joa'l rov /890).. "EV). npiv TO 1845. l30tl0ELUC.ln<. MAP::.laKpla ano TO ahTJJ. nlv avOt~ll tOU 1845. bEIXVCl nooo elxa KIVT]IlCIJ. EXOlJV Ta npaYJ. <JTEKoravE <plJ<JIKa (HO coa<poe. ENrKEA:1: XVOUV oi ustmppdosu. AIlCPl Kil~. npoorornxd TOV suuro TOU mivro oriv «J.lam J. To 13113/. Ana amv ~aval3piiKu 1:0 Mllp~ <J1:i<. AAAlwC. <JUVCTUlPI<JJ.lOUJ. yaAAOU~.lt o<Ju ttl <JuVOIJII<Ja mo ndvm Eyoo. Epyurdiv. Mast Ile rriv E~a<paVIOTJ altO 'ttl Olllloma OKllVtl WU Epya't"lKOU KlvtlllaW~. "OLaV iJ EuproltatKtl Epya't"lKtl 'ta~ll elXE ~avaouvallffioEI aPKE'ta Yla ilia xurvoupytu EqlOOO evuvno crriv E~ouoia 'trov KUptapxrov 'ta~EroV.. (E'Il1ciwa'l TOU f/>. I'i ' aUTO Oe Illt0POUOE vri ~EKIVrJOEI altO Tt~ apxe~ noo Elllt<llVaV oro Mcvupso ro.lOVO<. crou. nou ava<pePOVLaI O'tOV ltProxo ltPOAOYO). altO 'ttlV !iv'tiopaoTJ.lt KpanKtc. Kai oi Suo nAT]<Jui<JEl <Jlya-<Jlya nOAAa XPovla KloAa<. ltOU EltaKOAOUellOE 'ttlV ijHa 'trov Epya'trov wu Fluptctou rov "louvn wu 1848 Kat 'tEAIKa KllPUXLTJKE oe OlroYIlO «EV ovourrn roo VOIlOU» Ile rriv KataoiKTJ 'trov KOIlIlOUVIO'trov 'til~ KOArovta~ 'to Noell~PTJ roii 1852.l0UC. nou OEV mjyalvav mo J.'rJl1ciwl1'1 rou "EVYKC). dvayvoopI~c .Bpu~tnc<.C. KpaTlKiic. <JXEllKa J. YEvvtlellKE iJ ~IEeVtl~ "Evoxrn TroV .: KAI <1>. haAOU~ Kat 101t<lVOU~ ltpOUVWVIO'te~ Kat OWU~ YEPllavou~ AaooaAlo'te~l. ~eAYouc. TOU..lnpo<...la tOU Yla napaywYIKoUC. nic. npo<..).10J. TOU Mcvupscrou .KCAr.. nlv £ixc mu /. 1tI<JToo<JEle. . ltOU XPovoAoyd'tal altO 'ttlV EltOXtl 'til~ EltaVaO'taOll~ 'tou $AE~aPTJ. Kai oi: aUTOI30TJOOUJ.. ltEPVU OtO ltEpleffiplO Kat 'to Movtosoro.. EiXE Yla OKOltO 'tll~ vd OUyxroVEUOEI oe ilia IlEyaAll orputtri OAll 'ttl llaXll't"lKtl Epya't"la til~ Eupffiltll~ Kat Til~ .~Epyu<JtCI OAOKATJPWllKa Kui J.ltvwv Ta~EWV orriv ano • AyyAia .lt roue onaoou<.lOU Yla rnv «KaTa<Jta<JT] TOW Epya~OJ. I . "Enpens VaXEI Eva rrpoypouuc nou vd IltlV KAElVEI 'tt~ ltOp'tE~ OTa aYYAIKa TpetVT-rlOUVlOVC.EloayroYtl oro KaLaOLa't"lKO ni~ ~IEeVOU~ - dxa~u.laOTJTtl» tOU Map~ Kai <JIlV Ttnoc. rriv KaTculluv<JTJ J atrnl . 0 Aa<J<JaA.12 ------ K.lt J. J.lOUrriv E~tIlE<JE <JXcoov J.iEVOUC.lt H)<JO Kullupa AOyta J. aTrj )'r. Kai nou Sunpoucuv OATJ TtlV EpyanKtl Ta~TJ <Jt onaoouC.. Auto TO rtpovpnuuu . (2. IlltilKE oe Aiyo 0't0 ltEpleffiplO.1tf.

. ittav ttl anYl. roue: «' 0 l'jltElprotU(Ot.1aaOUJ.1aKat 6 MTraKOUVlv xui oi avapX1KOl. Kt .AUl~av.l£AEs ui- . Kui 1874. £pyatOOv. npouvrovrouoq AatlVIKEt. KlvtlJlatot. Kat OE urropoiiouv 6 Map~ va.11a. aoalaAlaJl0t. Md 6 ll1tEIProtlKOt. taU "OOUEV crriv . "tOOv DlaAUOtaV ta1. aATj91VOUt. oVOllatOt. oi tlttEs TrOA\) cmo "tit. {Olatrspc tout.lOs o rd 1887 ittav ma aXEbOv al£OKAElanKa.lE(100"laAl(JT1KO atEt. XElpa<pEtTjaTjt.laSEl».OOV h:a"tOl. xdvouv vd xureElXE OiKlO. otav aOaWAlatlKtit. to ytat. svvoooccv to vd to ovoMcvupsoro. £pyatlKtl aUTj TDPUatlt. aTrO to Map~ J. to Mcvupeoro Elva I avaJl<Pla~"'tllta OATIs tfit.1Jla watoao.1(ltoov.1TJ Sooouv a"tO\)s o. DE Sa unopooouue rou. au 1:UVEDpiou tout. orov £pyatlKtl at'" it 6A.mo OlaOOJlE<plAOAO- 1£10 OIESVEt. cro aVa1ttU~Tj tils aTro Kat of mo TrOU9aTrPETrEva TrPOl(U'I'El avaYKaanKa. AyyA.ia Kat tOU ~ouple an] rania.i1847 ouo AOYlOOVavSpro1tOUt.11 toU atit. l£OU Kat ol OUO Elxav £K<puAlatEi aE a..MANI<I>EI:TO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATOI: 13 auVtaxnjKE uaoroprd Tro\) ttlV dvuyvroplaav aKOJ. Muvupeorou auyxpovou aVtaVaKAa £pyanKou Kui Etm rriv it it 9Eoopia toU "tou 1:tl- icroptc ioropiu Kat aTro to 1848 000. l£OAA.. I'epuuvin xapOTra. ME "to QVOlla oootns. A1E9vtls. to . npolov "to' KOlVO l£poypal. of: unopooocv V1SOJ. "ttit.lEVOUs ri vuocoov v TraVaKEIEs rou.pauvtTjpnrucd aYYAIKa TPEl:Vt-flOUVlOVS.6 d01KOt. al£o ttl 1:1~TlPta ffis t. ViKES. comaAlaJ.1EtEna 6 Map~ £pyatlKfis atl1piSEtal ta~Tjs.v KaAAl<p0pvla.1a xni t<l tors i>m.• A1to t'" 1. "tOOv ola<popoov OUtD1tlK&V auatTlI. TrOUata 1887 6 TrPOEOPOt.1upioov EpyatOOv OAOOV tOOv xoopOOv.10t.6tda 1864.KOl.1anKtl Kat aTro ttl TraATj tvavna auStltTjall. I. Opaall anjv J.las tPOJ. • 0 voricouv ~a91a roix. El£a'l'E vd J.. TrATlaiasav mya-mya oro cnusto. rriv i:vwia Td ytyovota £vaUaYEs KE<paAalO. AaaaaAlal. o.. ol£aoout.yoo- noco aVETrapKEls Titav oi ills ta tors vd Jltlv roix. ills Eva ~aSJlo TrOU oiaKIlPux9TjKE o ro Mcvupsoro.l0VaOlKa orriv TrvwJ. ~YfiKE. XOOPEt.1tl •H tfit. oro 1:out uvoi unopcce vd ltEi: £1.1l.. rUt ttlv td. ol£aoout. OPOUt.1Ktl vucn tOlV 9EaEOOvTrOUOlaKl1PUaaOVtal oro Mnvupeo to.Tj toU aTro tIlV tTj<. ta1. uspu YO. l.

"Ouox. ~Ti<. KOIlIlOUVtOIl0<. ll'!Uv dKptPro<.l0<. otaKTJPu~all£ crov KOOJ.. oi npoxsrdpiot TroV nspicocreprov Xffiprov 'tfi<. llPO£ 7tO'!E OTO voo vri TO d7topi\jloUIl£. «J. «Flpoxsrcpiot OAffiV 'trov XffiProV. d7tavTTJoav. 6 KOIlIlOUVIOIl0<.. 'tTlV ncpouovri 'tfi<. 7tOU 7ttOatVaV <nya-crtya.l0UVIOllo roil BdrrAIVYK. Eupffi7tTJ<. xwpi<. KOJ.. 7tOU J.l£Ta0XTJllanollo ni<.lOP<PffiJ.lO aUTa 'ta AOyta. £'iXall£ drro<pacrtonKa 'tTl yvffiIlTJ on «TJ X£tpa<pETTJ-<JTJ 'trov Epya'trov 7tPE7t£t vdvrn i:pyo 'trov 'iOtffiV 'trov Epya'trov». TOU<. o7toli 'to 7tPOA£'!UptaW EIl<PavioTTJK£ IlE OtKt<. ~unKfi<.lEV£<. EvffiOTJKav yta vd oXTJlla'tioouv TTl ~t£Ovfi "EVffiOTJ TroV 'Epya'trov. Kai crri Fspunviu rov KOIlJ. 1"OU<. 'to dv'tiO£w. 'AATlOcta.l0<. 11:apIcrtvfi<. ovolla~£ TOV souro 'tTJ<. 1l0VO EVVta XPovta.. K011110vvUJrlj. llTaV Ka'taUTJAo<. J. 6 K0J.la llTaV dpxsrd Suvuroc yta vd 0TJlllOUPYTlO£t ouo cucrrumro OIJr07tlKOU xouuouvicuoo: o'tTl ['aAAia TTlV "Ixoplu rof Keune. OE Ilii<. MAP::: KAI <1>..l0UVtOIl0<. 'H'!Uv Eva<. • 0 oocrtaAt0J. crri 1847 ll'tav Eva xivnuu do nxo.lJ. £~TJo£.11:0 'tOT£<. Ilovaxa. Kni E7t£tOTl drto TOT£<. Kai J. 28 wi} ~£7t'tEIlPPTJ 1864 0llffi<. llTaV Eva EpyanKo KivTJlla .» 'ta~£t<. OE unopoucoue oiirs onYIlTl vd Storrioouue 11:0to d7t' rd ouo ovouoro Oa OtaAtyall£. EVffiO£l'!£!». EvonXTroOtKO<. xorvoivtuc. wUAaXIowv crriv tl7t£tpffinKTl Euptonr]. Evvoouoav dvOpro7tOU<. 'A7tO TTlV dAATJ. "Oruv.la OTi<. xov'tpooouA£IlEVO<. • H 'iOta TJ ~tcOVTl<. EOro xui ouprivtu ouo xpovta. OAWV 'trov dorov. Kai OTi<.. 7taVaK£tf.lt AOytroV-AOytroV J.. Ti<. otv u7tapxh dUTJ KaAUT£PTJ drroo£t~TJ d7to 'tTl 0TJIl£ptVTl Iltpa . TJ Il£pioa EKEiVTJ TOW EpyaTrov. Otaq>opc<.l{.14 K. <PffiVt<. vri pAaljlOUV KaSoAOU TO K£<paAatO xui 'to KtpOO<.l1Wytavvin:<.• 0 oocrtaAtOIl0<. E7taVao'taoTJ<. rrpffi'tTJ<.7tOU dx£ 7t£tOOd yta TllV dv£7tapK£ta 'trov a11:Arov 7tOAlTIKroV dAAayrov Kai ~TJwuo£ Eva OUOEIl£AO J.<. Ilt 'tTl oo~a~lltvTJ icroplu 'tTJ<. xui Ka7tO'!£ Aiyo ooJ. Yia Ta ouxovtu. Ilovaxa ll£ptKE<. Ki 0. ouo nspurrdicstc.. ENr·KEAr ptm:l<. .laTa 8tAav vri nopcueploouv 'ta KOlVWVtKa KaKa. 7tOU PpiOKOV'!UV i:~w d7to 'to EpyanKo xivnuc xui 7tOU ~TJwuoav mo 7tOAU O'tTlPtYJ. Ilii<. KtOAa<.l7taAroJ. pEpata. 'tOU Ot£KOIKTlO£t<..

d TClO EVTOva areo KaOE anll eopri. "EVYKC).MANI<I>HTO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATOL 15 YHi TO YEYOVO~ on TJ uirovur <JUIlI.d aKOlla.1Uxta TroV npoxerdpuov OAWV TroV xwprov rrou lopUEhlKE are' atmjv 1. dno TO l:UVtOplO Tfj~ ~IEOVOU~ crtr] rEVEDll Kat ~ava v<JTEpa drro TO 'Epyoruco l:UvtOplO TOU Hupto tof ord 1889. va TO~AEnE aUTO Ilt tri '(Ola TOU tri urrno ~ i\OVOtVO.. nou olaKllPDXTllKE aKolla areo TO 1866.. noo ypa<pw a\h{. TO repOAETaplaTO T1i~ Eupwrell~ Kat Tfj~ 'AIlEPIKfj~ ETClOEwpd Ti~ ouvallEI~ TOU. 1 TOU Mall 1890. Aovi5ivo 1890 lX)Jirpwva JiC rrjv cKi50all roil 1890 . oXTawPll~ Epya<Jlllll~ TJlltpac. Kat ToOtalla Tfj~ <JllIlEPIVfj~ Iltpa~ Oa Od~EI <JTOD~ Ka1tlTaAl<JTt~ Kat <JTOD~ yalOXTr]1l0VE~ OAWV TroV Xwprov on of repoAETapLOI OAWV TroV xwprov eivrn cnuepo repaYllanKa £vwlltvOI. reoD Yla repWTll <popa KlVllTOreOlOUVTaI ot: uui crtpnrtd.. rid rrj YCPJiavlKrj cA'i5oall rou «Mavuptot au LOU KOJiJiOVVlaTlKOV Kouuatoc». Kat 1. <1>.. "A~ tlTUV 6 Map~ reAat 1l0U.~ Tt~ ypallllt~. "EVYKEA~ Fptiotrpcc ana rav <P. Ttut i <Jr]IlEpa. KaTw areo /lUi <Jllllata Kat Yla fvav aIlE<JO oxono: Yla TO vououeruco KaOopl<JIlO Tfj~ xuvovtxfp.

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UVtlnUAOUe. npoObEUtlKOUe.lEVOUe. oi YUAAOl plsocrnucrtEe. 6 MEtEPVlX Kat 6 rKlsO. mo bla<p0pEtlKEe.lj.la: 6 nunae.lE rriv Katllyopta tOU xouuouvtouoii tOlle. "OAEe.la tfie. Eupwnai:KEe.lata ~yatvouv un'to YEyovoe. ma oi KOj. roix. Eupcimlle. tOU.lll.la nAaVlEtUl nuvw uno rriv Eup6:imr to <puvruouu tOU xouuouvtouoii.latOe.lEle.la tfje. rou.lOUvlcrtEe. tvwElllKav crE j.lj.luEll tOU xouuouvio rucof euvrdoucroc Eva Mnvupscrto tOU 'iblOU roii KOj. Kat roue dvnopno'nKOUe. noio KOj. uno tte. Floro KOj.laVOt doruvouixot. KaElwe.lla Mvaj.. auto: '0 xouuouvtouoc uvayvwptsEtal mri un' OAEe.llU iEPTl cruj. roue. UVtlATl'l'Ele. tte. roue Kat V' uVtlnapaElEcrouv oro napaj. oxonou.laxta yui vd xovnvriooov auto to <puvtacrj. tOU nou KU~EPvoiiv.lj.. vn EKElEcrOUV uVOlXta unpocrd cr'OAO tOY xoouo tie. duo npaYj. uvtlnoAltEUcrlle. bEV EXEl Ka'tllyoPllElEi ouv xouuouvioruco uno toue. Emblw~Ele. Kat oi YEpj. rta to oxono auto cruYKEVtpwElllKav cro Aovoivo xouuoovrcrc. tie.lj. Elver KatPOe. UVtlnOAl tEUOj. uvtlnOAltEUcrlle.lE ttl crElpa tOU j.lEVlle. Kat ouvrd- . bUVaj. bE crtlYj. YEpacrj.lj.lEle. oi bUVUj. criv j. Kat 6 roripoc. EElvotlltEe. tfie.17 MANlcDEI:TO TOY KOMMOYNI~TIKOY KOMMATO~ "Eva <puvTUcrj.lUtlcrE j. UVtlnaAOUe.

18

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~aVE to nnpuxdtto Muvupeoro rtou YA1Krj, <Jtrj yaAA1Krj, o rri YEPllavlKrj, llaVD1Krj Kat <Jtrj DavlKrj yAW<J<Ja.

DrU.lO<JlEDEtal o rriv itaA1Krj,

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AIT01 KAI DPOAETAP10II
'H io ropic OA(J)V rdiv ro~ tri rropo K01V(J)Vliiiv2 civet t<J'TOpia ta~lKiiiv dywv(J)v. 'EAEUeEpO~ Kat DOUAO~, rraTpiKlO~ xui rrAl']13£io~, 13apiii-

I. Mt nj At.~T] dOTIKIj ra,'1 i:vvOOUIlE rriv ta~T] nov auyxpovwv KaITltat,lCJHOV nou clvm Kamxol tWV KOlVWVlKWVW:awv rrapaywyfj~ Kai rrol) i;KIlEWA.A.£UOVWl nj IllCJSwnj i:pyaaia. ME nj At~T] nposctapuito i:vvooullL rriv ta~T] twv al)YXPovwv IltaSWtWV i;pyatwv xou, i:Jmlirj litv KattXOlJv KaSOAOlJ blKa WlJ~ Iltaa rrapaywyfj~, civm civaYKaallEvol vd rrOlJAOUVrriv i:pyanKrj WlJ; IiI)VallT] Yla vd unopoiiv vd 1;rjaolJv. (L'1Pciwa'1 roD "£VYKEh; arljl' dYY),IKIj £K6oa'1 roD 1888). 2. "H, aKplptatEpa, i) I'parprlj icropiu. Lta 1847 i) nporo-roplu tfj; xorvoivtoc, i] KOlVWVlKrj opyavwaT] rrou dXE rrpoT]yT]SLi arro KaSE ypaqnrj ioropin, Jimv ax£oov rrtpa Yla rrspu ayvwatT]. Ton 6 Xa~txaOlJsEV aVaKaAlJljlf. rriv KOlvrj iliLOXtT]aia tfj~ yfj~ atrj Prootu .• 0 Mrioupep arrOIiEl~f. 6n i] KOlVrj i8loX'T]aia n'j~ yfj; anotEALi rriv KOlVWVlKrj paaT] arr'DrrolJ rrpolV,Oav icropucn 6Af.~ oi YEPllavlKt~ q>lJAt~. "Ycrspc aVaKaAlJljlav o rydm'{a 6n 01 ayponKi;~ KOlV6tT]tE~ Il{; rriv KOtVrj KUtOXl] tfj; yfj;, arrotEAol)ouv rriv rrpwmpXlKrj 1l0pq>rj tfj~ xotvroviuq arr 'ti~ , Ivo3iE~ rriv ' IpAavliia. T{;AO~, i] i:awtEplKrj 6pyavwaT] autfj; tfj~ rrpwtoyoVT]~ KOIlIlOlJVtatlKfjc; xotveiviuc cirroKaAI)q>ST]KEorriv TlJITlKl] TT]~ 1l0pq>l] Ilt njv civaKaAuljIT] TOf. Mopyxuv, nou i:maT{;yaSE DAo to EPYO, Yla rriv aAT]Slvl] q>uaT]wu YEVOtlC; Kai trj OraT] TO lIi,,,o 01~ <jl\l)rj. Mt nj l3u1AlJaT]autwv TWV rrpwmpXlKw\'

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KOMMATOL

19

VOe; KUt Souxondpoucoc, ,.uicr"COpue;1 Kui KUA<pUe;, IlE IlHi At~TJ, Ka'ta1tlEcr'trle; Kai KU'ta1tld~oIlEVOe;, Bptoxovrm crE aKa'turraucr'tTJ av'tiOEcrTJ IlEW~U roue, sxovuv aOHIKorro aywva, norc oxsnuouevo, norc dvoi X'to, EVUV aywva nou 'tEAElWVE KUOE eopd IlE 'tOY ErruvucrW'tlKO IlE'tucrXTJlla'tlO"llo OAOKATJPTJe; nie; KOlvoivic«; ij IlE rriv arro KOlVOU xnruorpoqiri 't(i)v tU~EWV rroD

aywvi~ovtav.
bie; nponyouuevet; ErroXEe; nie; ioropinc PpicrKOlJllE crXEMv rtuvtoii IllU rrArlPTJ otaipwTJ 'tfje; xotvcoviuc ci: OlU<pOpEe; rri~ElC;, 11Hi rrOAU'tporrTJ KAllluKwcrTJ tWV KOlVWVlKWV OEcrEWV. Lnjv apxuia PW.IlTJ PpicrKoullE nurptxtouc, lrrrr£le;, rrATJpEiouc, OODAOUe;. L'tO usouirovc <p£OUOUpXEe;, urrOtEActC;, uoo ro-: poix, KaA<pUOEe;, oouAorrupOlKOUe; Kai rrpocrO£ta crt KUOE IllU dn ' atl'tEe; tie; 'tU~Ele; PpicrKoullE ~avu iOlaitEp£e; KAllluKwcrEle; . . H crDYXPOVTJ acrtlKrl xotvcoviu nou rrpopaAE arro rriv xurucrpoqm tfjc; <pwuoapXlKfje; xotvcovinc, otv Ka'tupYTJcrE tie; 'ta~lKEe; Q.VtlOEcr£le;, EpaAE llovuXa crtrl SEcrTJ 'twv rruAlwv, vtEe; tU~Ele;, vcou; opou; KatarriwTJC;, vb:e; 1l0p<pte; rruATJe;· • QO"'tocro, ij ErrOXrl Ilae;, ij ErroXrl 'tfje; Q.crttKfje; tU~TJe;, xapaK'tTJpi~E'tUl arro to ycyovoe; on urrAorroiTJcr£ 'tie; 'tU~lKEe; aVtlOEcr£lC;. • OAOKATJPTJ ij xoivciviu OAO Kui nspiccorspo XWpiSE'tat crE ouo Il£yUAU aVtirraAa orpuronsou, crE OUO 11£-

KOlV01:r)1:WV, apxi1;El 6 X{J)pwIlC\<; 1:11<; owmviur; at ~£xwplart:; x avmywvl~oIlEVE<; 1:a~£l;. n poarraOllCJa vd 1tapaKoAouOr)CJ{J)

xui 1:£AlKa r riv nopciu aU1:ij; 1:ij<; 8laAuCJll<; c rriv «Kamy(j)yrj 1:ij; oixovcvcicc, 1:ij<; aTolllKij<; i8LOxrllaia<; xui roii KpaWLJ<;», b£l'm:Pll £KOOCJll, LWLJ1:yap811 1886. (Enucicoan roD 'EV)'KC;.r; atnv dyy}.IKtj [x(joal] roD 1888. Lrtj }'/;PllavIKtj £K(joal] toi) 1890 i.r.irru tj rr.).r.lJraia opoan alirije; rfie; onucicoonc). (LillI. LiJV1:.). I. Mdo ropcc 1:WVauvH:XVlWV - npoxeirm Yla IlEAo; 1:ij<;CJLJV1:Exvia<;nou EXEl oAa 1:a 8lKUlwllam, Yla TC) uccropc ",taa CJTrj (J[JVTExvia Kl 0Xl Yla 1:0 YCPOV1:01:£PO",tCJu CJ'aunjv. (1.r,llciwal] roD -EVYKcAe; rtjv dyyAIKtj £K(joal] roil a 1888).

20

K. MAP::;: KAI <1>. ENrKEi\I:

yaAe~ ta~Et~, 1tOU Bptoxovrur dusou aVtl~ttW1tE~ t'liv dnll: o rriv aO'tlK'Ii ta~ll Kai O'tO 1tpoAEtaplato

'ri ~ta ~t
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. A1t 'toU~ Souxondpoucouc toti ueouuovo 1tpoijAOav oi EAEUOEPOl 1tOAitE~ tWV npdrrrov 1tOAEwv. . A1t' uurov tOY do-nxo 1tAllOUO'~O uva1ttUxOllKav ta 1tPWta O'lOlXda tij~ aO'tlKfi~ ta~ll~· 'H uvaKaAUljIll tij~ . A~EPtKfi~, 0 1tEpi1tAOU~ tfi~ 'AeprKij~, 8ll~wupYllO'av yui rriv aO'tlK'Ii ta~ll, 1tOU YEVVtOtaV, Eva KUtVOUpyw 1tEbio bpo.O'll~. Oi ayopt~ twv avatoAtKwv 'IvbtWV Kai '!fi~ Kivoc, 0 a1tOlKtO'~O~ tij~ 'A~EPtKfi~, oi avtaAAayt~ ~t ti~ U1tOlKiE~, 6 1tOnaltAaO'laO'~o~ tWV ~tO'wv avtaAAaYfi~ Kai tWV f;~1tOp£U~atwv YEVtK(X, Soouve ~lav dyvwO'tll ci)~ ta rots WOllO'll O'tO f;~ltOpW, O't'li vourtxin, O't'li ~lO~llxavia Kai ltpoKaAwav EtO'l ~ta yopy'li ava1ttu~ll toti EltavaO'tatlKOI) O'tOlXEiOU tfi~ q>wubapXtKfi~ KOlVWvioc ltOU KattpEE. '0 Iouue rots q>WUbapxtKo~ ii O'uVteXVtaKo~ tportoc opyavwO'll~ tfi~ ~W~llxavia~ btv Eq>tavE ma yta vd KaAU'VEl ti~ avaYKE~ rtou ~t ti~ VtE~ uyopt~ ~£yaAwvav. 'H uuviouxroupn 1tfiPE t'li OtO'll lOU. Oi O'uvtexvlaKoi uucropoi nopuuepio rrpcav dno t'li ~w~llxavlK'Ii usouin ta~ll. '0 xcrcuePlO'~O~ tfi~ bOUAu1~ uvci~wa or«; bto.q>OPE~ O'UVt£XViE~ f;~aq>aviO'tllKE unpoord O'tOV xcrcuepiouo tfi~ bOUAlii~ ~tO'a O'tO 'ibw to ~£XWPlO'tO EpyaO't'lipl. Md oi ayopt~ 01..0 Kai ~qaAwvav, 'ri ~'litllO'll 01..0 Kai aU~UtvE. Kui 'ri unvupuxroupu btv f;ltapKotiO'E mao Tors 0 at~6~ Kai 'ri ~llxav'li EltavaO'tat'liO'avE t'li ~w~T)xavlK'Ii nupuywy'li. ~t'li OtO'll tfi~ unvupcxroupm; ~ltfiKE t'J ~£yaAll O'uyxpovn ~lO~llxavia. Lt'li OtO'll tfi~ ~w~llxaVtKii~ ~waia~ ta~ll~, ~ltijKav oi ~w~'lixavol EKalO~~UpwUXOl, oi aPXllYoi OAOKAllpoiv ~w~llxavlKwv orptrndiv, oi O'UYXPOVOl do roi. 'H ~Eyo.All ~lO~llXavia pri, noo £tXE npoeroumorst bll~WUPYllO'E rriv 1taYKoO'~ta dyoalto t'liv avaKaAuljIlltfi~ 'A~EPtKfic;.

t~T]e. E~EA.i«.pAEIjIE 6 "EVYKEA<.i m:T\ raAAia. ETCEi5pam.: «avc~apT"TT] bT]J.r. ria vri ). ).llOupylj8T]Kav cr ri rania. iio rupu dno Tlj AC~".<. ~a9jJ.). Injv aYYAIKlj EKiSoa.).___ M_A_NI_~E_~_T_OT_O_Y ~()MMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATO~ 21 'H TCaYKoO~ta uyopa l:i5om: uuiv uTCEpaVnj uvaTCtU~T] oro E~TCOplO.:«("Orrwe. uuvupuxroupuc. UOtEpa.E~f.liiC.. a<ptvn. t~ayopat. nou bT]). Kat OtO ~a9~0 TCOU Em. ta~T]C. tie. atrl jJ. 3.£VT] KatW UTCOrriv xupiupxia nov <p£Oui5apxwv uPXOVtWV. TOUe.e. (I. i:ow ava<ptpa). l:voTCAT] aUtoi5lOlKOUjJ. i] vmms.lclAte.: «U\JTfj<.aTljv dyyA1Klj E.. OtOV 'ii5lO ~a9~0 uVaTCtUOOOtav i] do nxri ta~T].ovapxia3. uuoropouc TOITlKlj auwolOiKT]OT] xni rroAtnKa blKalW)... iio rspu arrcl ti<. ITljv ayyAIKT\ CKoOaT] TOU 1888.la rrpiv va unopcoouv vri arroarraaouv arrcl TOU<. ». tije.EVT] dn ' roue I. EK£t rpim ta~T] non sivm rpopou uTCotEArle. At~Ele. H UOtlKrl ta~T]. ).lOKpaTio.l. Kai Yla tT\v rrOAlTlKT\ TT]<. AOlltOV. E~EAt~T]e. Ka9£jJ.av 1'\ arroarro\)aav dno TOUe.. tije.r. jJ.la dn ' aUtEe.j. i] Hha i] oUYXPOVT] do rucri tri~T] civrn TCPOtOV ~t(iC.Ta rtpdrtu OIKUlWJ.ldwall toii "EVYKC). UOtlKije. ta~Ele.xn:LVomv i] ~lO~T]xavia. TWVrroAEwv». onj vautlAia..<pWUMPXE<. TCoAUXpovT]C. TOi) 1888 rrolJ triv i:rr{. TCOUKAT]pocornoe 6 usoukovuc. t(i~T] KataTClEs0jJ..Kboall rou 1888).ETCOU~E.lrrfjKav oi At~EI<.l£ y£vIKa. dvri~apo EVaVtlU oroix.lam oriv «rprtr] ni~. a<ptvT£<. Autrl i] uvaTCtu~T] ~E trl ostpd tT]e.oKpatia tfie. to E~TCOplO. «npoooo. uTCw90uo£ OtO TC£Pl9wplO oAEe. ».£VT] {.lIKlj t~cAI~T] Tll<. o rriv ETCEXtaoT] tfie. £uy£vEie. KOlVOTT]ta oi KaTOIKOI TWV rrclA£Wv OTT\v 'lmAia Ko.. Hi~. (Lr. UltO uvatpoTCEe. of O"ti5T]pOi5pO~Ol. Otrlv TC£plOPlOjJ. aKO). Kai ETClKolvwviae.lIAljaOU). <p£OuoaPXEe. aTlj ycpua V/Klj i:Kboall ToD 1890). tie.. BA. tti~T]e. ltWe. ota ~Eoa ouyxoivrovk«. Kai TOU<.lrrijKav oi A. au~atv£ ta KE<paAala tT]e.ii5Ee. orriv 'lmAlo.» Atyovmv oi rrOAEl<. 2. (Enucio» all rou "EVYKI:). «KOlVOTT]TE<.IC. Tfj<.lam Yla aUTOOlOiKT]a. ltOAT]e.rrnpiu ueoo ornv KOlV6tT]ta2. crriv nepiooo tije. {.. ouvooeuornv UTCO uicv UVtiOtOlXT] TCOAltlKrl TCp00i501 • . ~T]piie. E8w uVE~aptT]tT] <>T]jJ. TT\V ' AYYAia..~EAI~" TT\ rania. ~lO~T]xaVtae. OElpiie.lc oriv TUITlKlj xwpa Yla rriv OiKOVO). "Erot Acyav TT\V aOtlKT\ TOUe. OtOV rpono ltapaywyije..). aanKfj<. xui OTl'j . IllYT..

Ilovroo onou 1'] a(JTlKrj Ta~ll lipOE o triv £~ou(Jia. MAP::.C. Ta~lle. IlEAayxoAiae. (rT)ll. uum:n:aTEe. . atJ1 ruUiu)>>. TOV rtumi. ilia A{. i] a(JHKrj Ta~ll. 1"1ie..: «(onwc. ~E8IavTpo:n:ll. (JTO . Kai d8uAAtaK{. <pEou8apXIKOUe. H a(JHKrj Ta~ll £na!~c (JTrjV irrtopiu eva pOAO i:~atpEHKa i:nava(JTanKO.: «TpiTT) Ta~T). rou.e. £KTOe. EKIlE"taAAW(Jlle. (JKAllPrj £KIlETanw(Jll· . Tfje. At~ElC.). nou (Juv8£avE TOV uVOpw:n:o Il£ TOUe. Ta rorc. 8c(JIlOUe. KOIv£e. Tie. UIlE<Jll. TOO irtztortxof £vOoucnuouoii. a(JHKfje. <pU<JlKOI)e.. IlniiKUV oi At~ElC.~ll. uucpooorucrj.Allam nou "ta aV"tiKpu~av Il{.: KAI <1>.~U(Jm EnaYY{. "Eo nnoc xwpie. "Envl~E ord naywll£va vspd WU i:YWlG'1"tKOU u:n:OAoyt(JIlOU rd tEpa piYll TOU EUAa~tKou PEIl~tt(JIlOU. M{. a~LO(J{. tri we. KaT£(JTpCIjIC OACe.e. OPll(JKWHKrj EUAa~cLU. . H a(JHKrj Ta~T] a<puipE(JE TO <pWTOG'1"E<pUVO un'OAU. (JKE:n:U(JIl{. nov 1')TaV oopou (J1!OTEA~C. To Yta"tpo.22 K. ano TOTE nou 8rWLOupyrj0llKE 1'] IlCyaAll ~LOllllXUvia xui i] naYKO(Jllui ayopa. nOAunoiKtAOUe. aTrj O{. 0Pll(JKwHK{.(Jll TWV am:tpaplOllwv ypa<pTwv Kui TWV £vHlla anoXTllll£vwv £AWOCPIWV c~aAE 1"11 f.TPEIjIE rriv npoooimxri a~LOnp{. 'H (JUYXPOVll xpurtxri £~ou(Jia slvrn Ilovaxa ilia £nnponrj nou 8taXHpi~E1"al Tie. Fcpucvloj» Kat ucrcpn ano TiC. ano TO YUIlVO (Jull<P{. dno rriv avai(JOllTll «nAllPwllrj T<?1:e. Il{. MET{. uvOpwno Kai (J{. naTptaPXIK£e. uVOpwno. dvrorcpouc roo xui 8£v u<Pll(JE xuvsvov UAAO 8E(J1l0 avallE(Ja (J{... "to vouuco. l'~rKEA~ <pwuMpxce. (J\>VOAO Tlle. IlOVapxia ii (JTrjV anOAUnl IlOVapxia xui KUPto (JTrjplYlla TWV IlcyaAWV IlOVaPXIWV yCvtKa. KaTaXCll(JE TEAIKa rriv anOKAEt(JTlKrj nOAtrucr] £~ou(Jia oro (JUYXPOVO dVTlnp0(JWnWTlKO xpdroc. usrpnrotc». £~UAE rriv dvotxTrj. x«i nOAITlK{. orr] uovcpj iu-. rVVT. oixro OAOUe. <pwu8apXIK£e.(Jll Tfje.nEta (J£ aVLaAAaXTlKrj a~ia Kai mrj O{. unoO£(JEle..lovac5ll\ll douvsicrrrn i:AwOEpia roii Ellnopiou.POV.vlle.(Jx£acle.

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MANI<I>EITO TOY KOMMOYNILTlKOY KOMMATOL 31 mo i:m(J(paA i'j. IlU i] vixr] roue sivrn nupooucr]. Envuvcvvterrn 0IlW<. nou oi aowi wu ueoutoivu IlE roue xupoopouour. OAO Kai me) ouva'tll. mOljpoOpOIlOlJ<. aree) oluq>opa IlEplj. £VWOEl<.). VlKOUV. ureo 'ta dvcorrucooucvn IlEoa ouyxotvrovtur. rou.» (IUVOIKura)... TOlJ XPElUOTljKaV aiwvE<. LlJvacrrei1. apxi1. 'iOLOU<. (.l rriv uvayvwptolj Ilf: VOIlOOETlKll uopqir] OPlOIlf:VWV OVIlq>EPOVTwv 'tWV i:pyaTwv.of: reoALTlKO xouun. Of i:pya'tE<. Kai rriv £vwolj.ovTal Yla vd lJTCEpaoreioouv 'to 111000 'ti'j<.pyarn Kai OLOV ~£XWp1OTO ao'to reaipvouv OAO xui re£plOOOT£PO TO xapaKnjpa OUYKPOUOI:WV avallEcra of: OUO Ta~£l(. "Arto xuipo oc KUlPO of i:pyan:<. AUTrj i] opyavwcrlj TWV repoA£Taplwv oi: T(i~lj Kai £reoIlEVUl<. (Illl1. Iopuouv dxouo Kai 1l0Vl1lE<.. aHa i] ouvsvrocn TWV i:pyaTwv rtou oAoEva {. IlEOa OE Aiya XPovla. olaom'iTUl KaOE on Yllrj drro TO ouvaYWV1OIlO reoll ureapX£l uvullwa owu<. I. YlU VU OUVEVWOOUVof reoAAoi romxoi uyw~E<. elvm reoAlTlKrj reUAlj.rei:~aA£ 'to VOIlO yui TO O£Kawpo OTllV 'AyyAia. IiN'.. "Erot {. OtXOVOtE<. 'En(J)q>EA£tTUl ano Ti<. reoll CXOUV novroo TOV 'tOLO xapaKTrjpa. • H £VOTljTa au'trj repOWOdTal. TOU<.~a(J(paAioolJv Ta Ilcoa o rriv reEpireTWolj {..rlOiJVIOV<.pyun:<.pyaTE<. Tela iOXVPll. reou reapuyovTUl ureo Trj IlEYUAlj pLOllljxavia xui reou OUVOf:OUV IlETa~U TOU<. roue. IlEoa OLllv 'iota rriv aOTlKrj TU~lj Kai i:Tel~UHf. aOLoU<. oi: Illa TU~lKrj reUAlj. Yla vri {.' i:vaVTla OWU<.. of oUYXPOVOl npoxcrdpioi rriv repaYllawreolouv IlC TOI)<. Injv aYYAIKrj £Kooa'l TaU 1888 uan:pa arr6 TTlAt~Tj: «ouvoomouop. Kui q>TUV£l Ilovaxa vri OUVOEOouv Il£TU~I) TOU<.ouv hm vd OUYKPOWUV ouvcomouotx. . 'Eow xui K£l i] reaAlj ~EoreU£l IlC nj uopqir] i:~£ycpOEWV.» rrpoaTctlllKl: i] At~'l: «Tpcivr . YlU vd rriv repayuurortot ricouv.reEXTElVETal. KuO£ Ta~lKrj reUAlj 0IlW<. i:pyaoia<. (. .vOEXOIl£vWV i:~£ycpo£WV.. Of crUYKPOUOW. dvdusou OTOV ~£XWPlOTO {. mo OLi:PElj. To npnvuuttxo areO'tcAwlla 'tWV aywvwv roue OEV civoi i] dllWlj i:mwxia. of: IllU i:OVtKrj reuAlj.

0 IlEAAOV. EVU "tllfjllu a1to roix. pHrrouv vd arrElAouv"tat oi OpOl "tfj~ i. (rTJI!. 'Apyorepc. H OAOU~ autou~ rou. E"tOt Kui rropu EVu "tlliilla "tfj~ aonKii~ "ta~TJ~ nspvdet oro rrpoAE"tUptaW. rriv npoooo "tfj~ ptollllxavia~.EX!:l: «ta olKa Hl~ nOAltlKa Kai y!:vlKa crtOlXEia I!OPq>wcrll~". EPXOVtat OE avti8EcrTJ IlE rrjv npoooo "tfj~ ptoJ. OAOKATJpa ouo-rurnco IlEpTJ tii~ KupiapXTJ~ ta~l1~ KarpaKuAouv OtO npos.:vavna orov 'ioto rov f:au"to tTJ~. rtllv dYYAlKll EKoocrTJ tOU 1888 dvrt: «crtOlxeia I!Opq>wcrTJ~». onw~ doallE.TJtaEt trj porj8Eta "tOU xui vd "to "tpapaEt E"tcrt o rriv nOAtnKrj KiVTJoTJ. MAP::.wfj~ rooc.pvouv oro 1tPOAErupuiro nOAAa mOlxEia 1l0pq>woTJ~2. npoun8EI)£t orrAa f. Ki au"ta ·f.). "Omoc rrUAta. PpiOKE"tat (moXPEwIlEVTJ vri KaVEt EKKATJOTJo to npoxcrupidro. ayrovE~. rrou Ilta 1l1Kprj llEpioa tfj~ KupiapX'1~ "ta~TJ~ a1toorru"tut arr'uu"trjv Kui f:VWVE"tUt IlE "trjv f. Kai mivru. KUt El01Ka. 2. "Erot ij 'iota ij aottKrj "ta~TJ npollTJ8EUEt OWI)~ 1tPOAErdpiouc rri olKa "tTJ~ O"tOlXEia 1l0Pq>WOll~'. q>{. ~{. f. ij nopsto otaAuoTJ~ IlEOa crriv KupiaPXll "ta~TJ. Il{..El Otrj AI)OTJ lOU. 'H aOtlKrj ta~TJ PpiOKEtat OE KarO:Ota0TJ a~tO:K01tOU aywva: nprota. IlEOU 0' OATJ trjv nUAla xoivroviu. svcvnu orriv dpioroxpcrtu.EXEl: «crtalxEia olaq>roncrTJ~ Kai xpoooou».sruptdro ij.: KAI <1>.32 K. rooo XTU1tTJ"tO.:vavna crnv aonKT) ta~TJ OAWV trov aAAwv' xwprov.:1tuvuo"tarucri "ta~l1. FNrKEAL I'evucu. rUVt.). IlE trjv "ta~TJ 1tOU KpU"tU crd XEptU "tll~ -. EVU IlEPO~ "trov EUYEvrov nEpuoE orriv aonKrj "ta~TJ. nuipvei EVU xapuK"trjpa rooo piato. vd i. wUAaXtOW. aowu~ I. .. f. ruVt. oi OUYKPOU<H::t~ IlEOa o rriv naAla xoivorvtu EUVOOUV IlE nOAAOU~ tponouq rriv nopelo aVantU~TJ~ toUnpOAErcpuirou. 'Axouo. oTJAaorj rou.:vavna OE KEiVE~ ti~ OllaoE~ tfj~ 'iota~ tfj~ aOttKfj~ ra~TJ~ non ta OUIlq>Epovra roo. (rlll!. nEpiooE~ "tEAO~ 1tOU 0 ta~lKO~ aywva~ 1tAllcrtai.:nioll~. rtllv dYYAU(ll EKoocrTJ toii 1888 dvti: «rd omi tTJ~ crtOlxEia I!Opq>wcrTJ~».lTJxavia~..

OA01 uuroi KaW1tOAEIlOUV 'tTjv o'crnKr] 'ta~TJ Y1a vd ola'tTJPr]crouv rriv unap~rj rou. tOTj OTJlV xoivovtc Kai ~asi Kai TJlV Ta~IKJl TOUe. sivci dvrtopacrnKee. . O. O.'tlie. urrap~TJe.. Oi anEe.. 'tTl OEroPTJnKr] Ka't"ClVOTJcrTJ OATJe. Krirt nupunrivco. icrwp1Klie. 'tou rrpOAE't"Clp1a'tou..vnllhro1tEe. cruvOfjKEe.. 'tlie. ~rolie. •A1t' OAEe. a1tO\jlTJ Y1a vd 1tI1VE IlE rriv ano\jlTJ rof npoxcruptdrou. (~Tjl!.AAU 'ta IlEnOvnKa roue crull<PEpOVW. sTjTlaVOl KA1t.. elver crXEnKu IlE 'to E1tlKdIlEVO rrepacrllu roix. 6 dYPo'tTJe. 'tie. IlE rriv O. cruvOliKEe. a oUVEibTjOT}. icrtopinq. "Av slvui E1tavacrwnKEe. MEt. 'tlie. O. otv EXE1 iOlOX'tTJcria. atJ't"o 'to naOTJ't"tKo npotov ouniAae. 1tOU 1"Ou'tTJ 'tTl O't"lYIlr] ~picrKOV'tat O.VU\jlroOouv we. EYKCl't"aAd1touv 'tr] OlK1a rou.. 'ta~E1e. OiKOyEVEtae. t~aaAl(ll~tva xui tK<PUAlo~tva ~IKpOaOTlKa Kai 1tpOAEraptaKa OTOIXela (aAiiTEe. .) !tou Exaoav TJlV Ta~IKJl TOUe. 1tapacrepVEW1 o ro xtvnuo o'no rriv rrpOAE't"Clp1aKr] E1tavacr'tacrTJ. ~EV slvrn AOl1tOV E1tavacrwnKEe.MANI<I>EHO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATm: 33 iowMyoue. EVro 'to 1tpOAEWP1aW dVU1 'to mo xapaK't"TJP1crnKo npoiov 'tTJe. tl cruYXPOVTJ tmOOouArocrTJ oro KE<pUAatO. roo Ilt 'tr] yuvuixu rou xui Ilt Hi 1tat01a otv EXOUV rtnoro 'to K01VO Ilt 'tie. xowrovtoc EXOUV mu EKIlTJOEV1cr'td IlEcra cr'tie.vnopacrnKee. moto rov 'tpoxo 'tlie. XaVOV't"Cl1K1 E~(l(pavi~oV't"at o'no 'tr] IlEyaA TJ ~lOIlTJxavia. Oi crxtcrE1e. 6 1l1KpOe. 'trov mo Ka'tro crpcoudrtov 'tlie. Oi IlEcraiEe. 6 PlO'tExVTJe. ~Em.paV vd O. xni vd crroOouv 0'1t' rov 0. Ila o'rr' 'tie. KivTJcrTJe. 'ta~E1e. 'to. naA1Ue. xoweovtce. Oi opm urrup~TJe.. oro npOAE'tap1Uto.o~i:va.. Kat tors oev ()1tEpacr1ti~ouv rd crTJIlEp1 vri. To AOUI11tEV 1tpOAE'tap1uw*. 1tOU Ka'taq)l. 'ta~E1e. ~lOllr]xavOe..<Pav1crIl0.crnKr] 'ta~TJ. 6 1l1Kpellnopae. EVEpYE1Ee. 'H cruYXPovTJ ~lOIlTJXUV1Kr] Epyacriu. rruA1Cie. * KOUPCA01tpOACrapUltO.). ron sivm mivtu rrpoOullo vd 1tOUATJOd Y1a O. crxtcrE1e.crnKlie.. 1l0VO 'to 1tPOAE't"ClP1aW slvm 'ta~TJ o'ATJ01Va E1tavacr'tanKr]. ori IlEcraiEe.. 'ta~E1e. Yta'ti ~TJwuv vri cr'tPE\jIOUV npoe. '0 npoAE'taplOe.AAa cuvrnprrnxec. 'tlie..

7tAEto\jll]q>ia~ npo~ oq>d. J.tEl~ J. "OAa to.0 tOV w~ rd tc.Oparporro iDlOn:oil]ol]~.aoq>aAtOOUv.aoq>aAlol].J.ov- nov dvat 'iDta onlY 'AYYAia Kai onl rania. rrpOl]YOUJ..!o~uu"to~ l. Oi rrpoAErriptot DEV EXOUVrtxorc DlKO tOU~ vd tl. Oi 7tpOAEraplOt unopoiiv vd Kuraxtrjoouv ri~ KOlVWVlKE~ napuywYtKf.!£ tOV Aiyo-rroAu KpUq>O tJ. Xapasovta~ ri~ ySVtKf.l].EorraEl OE aVOlXtl] ErraVaotaoTJ Kat to npoxetnptdro 8EJ.1l]J.!EOU crriv tmapxouoa xoivcoviu. £xouv oJ. ooa aonKu OUJ.l] . 7tpoAEtaplaKo KtTo vnuc elver to dVEl.!EPLVfj~ xowevtuc. o rr] uopor].rtpiv arr' oAa. 01.EJ.uoq>uAioouv rrj eEOl] 7tOVKUraxrl]ouv. "OAE~ oi naAlE~ rul. unordocovrce.i7tEPDE\jIEl.!E tr) ~iatl] rriv dvurpomj tfj~ aonKfj~ tal. E'ioaJ. •H rraATJ tOU npoxercpurtou tvavna OtTlV aonKTl tal.l]~. crv aXl oro rrEplqoJ.!la~ J. unops! v ' aVtiljlweEi xwpi~ va nvaX"te\ crov uEpa 01. it epl]oKEia. rrpoAEmptaro.Ovta~ tOV w~ ta oriuep« DlKO tOU~ tporro iDlOrroil]ol]~ Kai snouevo». Of vouoi. DE unopsl vd OTJKwed.!q>VAlO rroAEJ.!E. sivut o rriv aPXTl tevlKTl. MAP::..0 to £rrOlKOMJ. OAl] rriv xotvrovln otoV~ opou~ roii DlKOU rou. it tlelKrj. "tp07tOU iDlO7toil]ol]~.~ q>aost~ tfj~ tl.Opa~ rrpEnEl vd l.~ DtiVaJ. aq>aipsm. <l>UatKaro npoAEtaptato KaeE xc.tW~ va xuruo tpeipouv KaeE w~ rropo drouucri doq>aAEta Kai drouucri tl.34 K. "tOVn:pOAE"tUpW Ku8E t8vlIco xapaKrTlpa. w~ tll OtlYllr) 7tOU 6 rroAEJ.!EVO. ro To xuttorepo otproJ. dvat yt' at'rrov rooE~ aa"t"lKE~npoArj\jlEl~. ano .!o.ptKrj Kat a"t"TlTspuuvta.lElO\jIl]q>ta~.!l] Kot vmviu .tovaxa Karapyc.tTl DlKTl roo aOtlKTl tal.!a rrov crpcoudtrov 7tOV a7totEAOUv rriv t7ttol]J. "Onox.OVEl KuptaPXia tOU J.EAll.!EVE~ o xoiveviec orl]pi1. AE~ oi rrpOl]youJ.!a tfj~ Ol]J.H.1EAlc.!f.: KAI <1>.El~ nov 7tUtPVUVErrjv tl.!ElO\jIl]x q>ia~ ij rrpo~ aq>EAo~J. ENrKE/U.aptl]to xtvquo rfj~ repriorun. TJ~ rou rrpoAEtaplatou rrapaKoAouerjoaJ.o~ rfj~ n.ouoiu npoon:aeououv vd tl.!q>EPOV"ta KPV~OVt(ll niow roue.paotla~ 7tAELOIjITJq>ta~. of. orrjv 'AJ.!Evatvriuurn l'Jtav xwriuuro tfj~ J.

'tl')e.sovtal. of. Epya'tEe. 'ta~l')e.0 oucrtaanKOe. acpatpEhat Ka'tw altO 'ta 7tOSla 'tfie.. TTlV npoodo 'tfie.6'tat OAO Kat mo xalll')Aa. 7tpe7tEl vd E~aacpaAiaEl crriv Ta~l') aunj 'tEnoue. cpwuoapxiae. 'tfie.. . 'iotae. 'tfie.. lle rriv ava7t'tu~TJ 'tfie.!a Kt a7to 'tie. ~asEl o'tTJ SEal') 'tfie. "Eroi.• 0 OOUA07tapOtKoe. 'to covuycrviouo. "Erot yiV6'tat oovcpo on 1'1 aanKTl Ta~TJ elvm aViKaVTJ vd nopuuetvst aHo Kupiapxl') Ta~l') Tfie. 7tOU 1'1 aa'tlKTl 'ta~TJ slvm 6 af)ouAoe. EIVUl avilwvl') vd KuplapxEi yta'ti slvm dvtxnvn va E~aa<pCLAiacl mo OKAa~o Tl')e. ~LOIlTJxaviae.l1topd ma va STJaEt xdrco alto TTJV KUptapxia Tfie. TJ1V Ka'taataoTJ 7tOU Sa XPEtaSEtat vd TOV Tpf. H xotveoviu Df. ultap~l')e.. vc KaTamesEl Illa Ta~l').Kai vd Em~anCt orriv xotvoivlu aa PUOlltcruco vOIlO wue. . xowcovirn. aanKfie.• H 7tpOlmOOEaTJ wu KccpaAaiou sivrn 1'1 IltaSw'tTJ Epyaaia. yta 'tTJV u7tap~l') Kai yta rriv xupinpXia 'tfie. Sivoov 'ttl ouva'to'tl')ta vd sEi 'tOuAaXlo'tOv 'tTj sWTl 'tOU oKAa~ou . 6 aXTJllanallOe. civet 1'1 auaaropEUal') 'tou 7tAOU'tOUma xepta iStw'twv. 'to . xove«. • 0 Epya'tl')e. 'ta~l')e. .H IltaSw'tTJ Epyaaia a'tTJPiSE'tat a7tOKAEtanKa oro covcymviouo dvduscu moue. U7tap~l')e. opoue. rriv E7taVaaW'tlKTJ roue ouveveoon Ile 'tTJV opyavwol').~H IlE 'tTl SouAlii 'tOU Kai vd yiV6l doroc a7tO TO ~uyo 'tOU cpwuc5apXtKOU a7toAUmPXlaIlOU.MANI<t>EHO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATO~ 35 vrcv crriv aV'dOEal') dvduson oi: la~EtC. opoe.aoTJ 1'1 u7tap~l') Tfie.CPCtaUlTl dvri vd TpecpETat Ti Hha a7t' avtov. 'ta~l')e. rUl va Il7tOpEi 0IlWe. Epya'tl')e. yta'ti slvm tmOXPEWllevTJ vri rov pi~El we. Kat Ti aU~l')al') wu KEcpaAaiou .. Tfie. 'tOU 'tfie. aUyxpovoe.. 'ta~l')e. a'tTlv E7t0XTl 'tfie. • H npooooc. Ka'tacpEpE v' aVf. aKolla Kai Ileaa aTTl aKAa~la rou.. . Ta~l')e. a7tOIlOvwal')e. Kat 7taSTJ'ttKOC. dvri v ' aVUljf(iW6'tat Ilf. roo. ~tolll')xaviae. cpopeae. IlEyaAl')e. ~tolll')xaviae. • A vriflsru. 7tecp't6t orriv aOAtOrrrru Kat 1'1 llaslKTl aOAt6'tl')'ta au~aiV6t aKOlla mo YPTlyopa a7to rov 7tATJOUOIlO Kai rov 7tAOUW. ol')A. 'iStoue. mo KaTw aKol. opoue. swfie. . ~uOii:.. 'ta~l')e.. auvOfiK6e. 7tOU vd 'tfie. KOtVWVtae. 'twv Epya'twv Ilf. OUIlf)lf)aSE't(ll (iHo IlE 'tTJV u7tap~l') 'tfie. rriv u7tap~TJ.. 'tl')e.. aanKfie. 7tOU lWtamesouv Kai oe lci~El~ 7tOD KaTa7tli. (.. aa'tlKfic. aanKfie.

aTO auvoAo LOU. EXEI: «aipETIK&<. xouuouvtrrrst. Tlpiv art' oAa ti !ianKlj Ta~11 rtapaYEt LOU~ vEKpoOa<pTE~ TT]~. Ilptv art' oAa ti aanKlj Ta~11rtapaYEt Kat iStOrtotEiTat Ta npoiovru.). TOU 1888 avTi<. YEVtKa.0 TO rtPOAELOU aywva TaPUiLO Kt aVE~apTl1Ta dno rriv EOVoTl1Ta. LTljV rtpa~l1 AOtrtov oi KOIlIlOUVtcrTt~ dvat TO mo q>amanKo Tllfilla TroV EpyanKrov dnoxouudtrov oArov TroV xroprov. ~TllV dYYAIKllEKl\O(Hl (~T]~.: «~EXWPIUT&<. MAP~ KAI <1>. aLOU~ ota- Oi . ~aAAouv Ta aAAa Tlj Ilta KaTa LOULO: on ~ou EOVtKOU~ ayrovE~ TroV Ta aUIl<PtpoVTa npoxsrdpuov.. LOU. avn TiOETat cr ' aAAa EpyanKa ro roii rtPOAETaptaWU OtaKl1PuaaOUv aUTt~ Oa OtAav uuro 1l0vaxa oro EXOUV aUIl<Pf:POVTa rtou ~EXroPtsO\)V dno Ta aUIl<ptpov- covoxo ~EXroptCJTt~1 apxt~. TO I. EKrtPOcrrortoiiv rtavTa Ta aUIl<PtpovTa LOU xivriuorc«. II npOAETAPIOI Iloui sivm ti axtal1 tuptou.» . EpyanKa KOIluepui. Kat arto rriv OTt oro aTi~ Ota<popE~ ~aOlltSE~ aVartTu~l1~ Kat orriv aattKlj dvdusou rtpoAcmptaTO Ta~l1.». KOtVa a' 01. ~UVT. TOVtsouv Kat E1ttan11. 'H rt1'(Oa11 T11~ Kat ti VtK11 TOU rtpOAETapidrou slvci TO 'tOtO aVarto<pEUXTa.36 K. TO tpyaTtKO arto arto eivm Sta<ptpouv rtou aUIl<Prova 11' vd rtAaaouv xtvnuu. KOllllaTa. ENrKEAI: EOa<pO~rtOU nrivm an] ~aa11 LOU rtapaYEt Kat iStOrtOtEi'tat Ta npotovr«. Oi 'KOIlIlOuVtaTt~ Mv M KAI KOMMOYNIl:TEl: TroV xouuooviordrv rtPO~ LOU~ rtPOAEnou Sty artOTEAoUV Eva ~ExroptaTO KOlllla. qiopoix.

eroprdroo Ilt tTj crOJcrnj avtiAT)\jfT) yta ti<. Oi 9EOJpT)ttKt<. "OAE<. ibtOXtT)cria<. acrttKfj<. acrttKfj<. {blOXtT)cria<.).. ·0 clllEcrO<.. acrnKrl droutxr] iblOXtT)cria alvei l'J tEAwtaia.. tmv KOllllOUvtcrtmv elver '{blO<. Ilt to oxono oAOJv tmv clAAOJv rrpoAEtaptaKmv xouudrtov: crUYKPOtT)crT) lOU npoxerupturoo crt ta~T). E~oucria<.lE'tcinEUOl] 'tfj. noo covrcxetrm Ilrrpo<. crKorro<. yta rriv nopslu xui yta tri YEVtKa arrotEAEcrllata lOU rrpoAEtaptaKou KtvrlllalO<. rrAEOl VEXlOUV arro rriv urroAOlrrT) Ilasa lOU npos. o rriv EKIlEteiAAwcrT) LOU f:vo<. o<PEAo<. tmv npotovrtov rrou crtT)piSEtat crt ta~tKt<. uursq arrOtEAouv Ilovaxa trl yEVtKT) EK<ppacrT) rrpaYllanKmv crXtcrEOJV tfj<. irrropucfiq KivT)crT)<. tmv ta~EOJv. ta Ilrrpo<. H cruYXPOVT) OIlOJ<.l.. acrnKfj<. tmv KOllllOUVtcrtmv bt crtT)pisOVtat Ka90Aou crt ibtE<. tfj<. rroAtttKji<..tKrl ErraveicrtacrT) AX.. arro to npoxe- rnptdro. crt Ilta crUVExfj ioropucr] IlEta~oArl. YEVtKa..lEIO'Vl]<pia. tfj<. crt apxt<. KataxtT)crT) tfj<. KUptapxia<. rraAT)<.(I:l]J. I:TTjVaYYAtKTj EKOOOl] toG 1888 dvric: «EKIU:'t!inwol] rof EVO'. crUV8fjKE<. EXEl: «EKJ. anD 'tTj J. I:uv't.. e I. btv arrotEAEi Ka90Aou ibtaitEpO xapaKtT)ptcrnKo lOU KOIlIlOUVtcrIlOU. E>EOJpT)ttKa.. dvorpomi tfj<.. urrOKEtvtat crt Ilta crUVExfj icropucn aUaYrl. . 9tcrEt<. Kai iblOrroiT)crT)<. rrou E<pwpt9T)Kav if avaKaAu<p9T)Kav arro tOUtOV if EKEivov tOV avalloP<POJtrl tOU KOouou.. Oi 9tcrEt<.. Auto rrou xapaKtT)pisEt tOV xouuouvicuo btv sivct l'J KatapYT)crT) tfj<.an "rov ano». KateipYT)crE trl <pEOubapXtKrl iblOXtT)cria rrpo<. drr ' tOV clAAOI. ·H yaAA. nAEIO'Vl]<pia.... l'J rrAT)ptcrtEPT) EK<ppacrT) rrapaYOJyfj<.1illa no» ta KtVEi mivru npoc. aVn9tcrEt<.». • H KatapYTJcrT) nponvouuevrov crXtcrEOJV iblOXtT)cria<. rrou urrapXEt orriv rrpaYllanKOtT)ta. oi crXtcrEt<. ibtOXtT)cria<. Ilei l'J KateipYT)crT) tfj<.MANI<I>HTO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATm: 37 tl . crta Ilatta Ila<. iblOXtT)cria<..

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1l0VT] tT]~ crxccrl1 TWV KOllllouvlcrTWV rrp6e.. . IV H xr Al:H TON KOMMOYNIl:TnN AOENANTI l:TA LlIA<1>OPA KOMMATA THl: ANTIOOAITEYl:Hl: rUIl<t>(t)va 11£ oon £"inall£ oro 20 Il£PO~ pyaiv£l . "Pc<p0PI!" (<<' H I!E'tUpe pt. 1:1.Ala dvn8poDv.1J. Fi ' aun) dvn rriorrovrm J. Ilt Illa q>aVatlKrj npoAl1lj1T] Yla trj 9aulla-rolJpyrj urron:AEcrllanKOtT]ta tije.1a no» unopoiicc vri npospX£TUl Ilovaxa uno ilIa TlJq>Ar] i:AAWVTJ nicrTl1~ oro vto £uayyi:ALO. 8T]A.1lcrT£~ I.1C rr£icrJ. rrp6~ TOl)~ xaptlcrrc~ crriv ' AYYAta Kat TOu~ dypOtlKOU~ J. KOlV(t)VlKij~ roue £mcrtrjllT]~. rIM. crrr] Bopcio "Auspucr].ouv an' autou~ napa. flPOKEl1:U\ YHi 'tou<. (rllll.1£1(lPlJeJ.1a tWV £pyaTrov.oi npdrroi £vavtla crTOI)~ xapncrT£~. Ta crUYKPoTT]Il£Va ma cpyanKa KDJ.1£tapU9J.a8r] ij crx£crT] rou.1a £vavtla crt Ka9E rroAltlKO KivT]J. -roD «l>OUPlCcrtrj faA.1ara.MANI<I>E1:TO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY KOMMATm: 63 qHAav9po)1((t)v.<. rlya-crtya rr£qrrouv crriv KatT]yopia tWV dvri8pacrtlKWV Tj cruVtT]PT]tlKWV crocrtaAtcrtwv rtou m:ptypaq>tT]KaV mo rrav(t) xe i 8tv ~£x(t)pl1. n:OUPYUIVE0't0 Ilcptoi alto ro 1843 roc. (jnuu:pi8uc. oltu8ou<.xa I1t eva mo oucrnunruco crxoAacrtlKtcrllo. ro 1850. oi 8£uTEpOI i:vavtla crTOU~ J. l1ova. eva m:icrJ.OI!IOll").). Oi orra8oi rou "Oouev crriv ' AYYAia. iJ I.1lcrrCi.

ouv to KOIlIlU 1tOU 8£wp£t n\v aypOtlKtl i:1tuvacr-rUOTJ oriv 1tPOUnOeEOTJ Til. uU"tU1tci"tE':. 1tOU EXOUV "ttlv npoEA£uotl roue orriv £1tuvuo-ra"tlKtl 1tupa8ooTJ.. <ppaoEl':. pl~OO1tao"tE':.1J. I..1J. £Pyu"tlKii.:. "tci~ TJ':. xwpi. oomuAlO"tE':. anci oro OTJIlEPlVO KtvTJIlU £K1tPOOW1tOUV "tuu"toxpovu KUt "to J.64 K. To K61ll. oi K0J.:. OK01tOU':.1ut_. 1:"ttl Fepuuvlo K<ieE eopd 1tOU ri do n Ktl "tci~ TJ i:K8TJAWV£"tUl £1tuvuo-ranKci to K0J. KpUKO~iu..lKtl EVVOlU. (Emu. xui "ti. .i IlE rriv aO"tlKtl "ta~TJ i:vcivnu orriv a1tOAUtTJ llovupXiu.10UVIOnKo KOJ.1UW':.:.:. To 0VOllU «(Jo(JIUAOTJlloKpaTTJ<.10UVIO"tE..:.lu no I) ton: dvrmpooroncooruv omi to A!:vtpl)-PoAAtv (JtO KOlV0f30UAIO.ovuooXou<. TOU "tlliillu TOU 0TJIlOKpunKou ij penonIlnAIKaVIKOlJ KOlllluro<.1w.. i:vavnu o"tJi <pWU8UPXlKtl yuwXtTJoia Kai oro IlIKpOaonollo.:. vd nupm"tTJ8ouv a1to "to 8lKUiwllu vd xprnxdpouv "ti.. ono tOV Aout Mnxdv (Jt~ IPIAoAoyiu Kui (JT<lV Ku6TJIl£PIVO runo ono trjv £IPTJIlEpioU «Mnuppu61l1(JTJ".~ (JT/i YCPJlaVIKIj cKiio(J17 roD /890): . £v IlEP£1 a1to 8TJIlOKpa"tE':. Kui £v IlEPEl a1to dcrou. ENrKEAl •AywVt~OV"t(ll YHi vd m:"tuxouv roix.1E "to oOmUAIO"tlKO-8TJIlOKPU"tlKO KOIlIlUI £va.A. l"ttlv • EA~E"tiu unoo"tTJpi~ouv roix. 8TJA.icoan roD ·EVYKC).1U1tuAuiPEI J. l"ttl rUntU oi K0J.lk·1j cX'iio(J17 TOU 1888). ctIlEOOU':.1J. TO KOJ. OJ.. £eVIKii. U1tOOtTJpit_.:.lllU 1tOU TO 1846 1tpoKciA£OE "ttlv £1tuva.i71Iciw(J17 roD "EVYKC). IlE "ttl YUA.vnu on\ ouv"tTJPTJWCtl Kui PlS007tUO"tlKtl donxr] r<i~TJ. pISOO1tao"t£." (J~IlUlV£ rors Yla "tOU<.1IlU a nor £AE lro I ano dvrnpumO"tlKa O"tOlXEiu.10UVIO"tE.ouv on uu"to "to K0J.1EOU croix.1J.OOOV"tUI J. xwpi. To KOllllu nou AEYoravE rors (JomuAI(JTlKO-bTJIlOKPUTlK<l KOIlIlU (JT~ rUAAia limv KOj1IW nOI) dvrmpootorreuoruvs o rriv n()AITIK~ a1!O rov AEVtPI) POAAtv Kui o rd ypallllara dno tOV Aou'j MnAav.:. KUt Ylci "ta ctllEOU OUIl<PEPOV-ra "tii. ntpa Yla "ntpa OlUq>0PETlKO a.o"tuoTJ "tii.:.1EAAOV "tou KlVtlJ. "Hrov OTJA.. (l. MAP':: KAI <1>. 1tOAWVOU':. a1tEAWeEpWOTJ':.:.:.:.no TTi (JTJIlEPIVD YEPIlUVIKD (JomuAOTJlloKpatia. vti 1tUpuyvwpit_. Ilt Aiyo-noAI) (JomuAl!JTlKo XPiiiIlU.~ (JT/iV d}'y.:. "ta. AvciJ.:.

. unoljl&le. AllArovo\>V aVOlXta Ott oi oxonoi roue unopoirv vci npaYIl0torrol1l90uv Ilovuxa Ilt ttl f3ia1'l dvurpoxri OA. oriv to f3aOl)(O ~iJtl)~a toU xtvtlJ.EPIVOU KOlVWVIKOU Ka9EOtrotOe..OUtOu O'lIJ.a:twv OAWV trov xwprov.tnKte. OUV9fjK£t. 9EWPOUV avu~lo roue vd KPl>f30UV tie. roue. tno~tvwe. toO £upwrealKou reOAltlO~oi) YEvlKa Kai ~'eva npoAEtapUltO noM TClOavaretuy~tvo tiJv 'AyyHa toU 170\) Kal ttl raAAia tOU 180u a{rovo . btavciOtaOll<.. EnavuotaOll~ lcai Ylati (lthiJ ttlv dvorponri ttlv 1tpayucronorst ~toa oi: mo repoxwPll~tv£<. 1tP09tOE1C.. aw:ow~ uot£pa dreo rnv dvatpo1ttl tG>v dvtlOpaOtl)(G>v tli~£wv Ottl Fspuuvin.OKpatlKrov KOlJ.onKtl ta~ll otiv ioap\9~a 01tAa tit.~ vd OtPEIjIOUV a~Eow~ EVaVtta OTtlV o. ureoonlPi~ouv En:avaOtanKo Idvrwa i:vuvna orriv tmupxouoa n:OA1n)(tl xnttioruon. Epya~ovwl 1tavtOU Yla tiJ Ol>VOEol) Kai ttl OUVEVVOllOll trov 0lllJ. Ol KO~~OUVIOtt~ OtPE<P0tJV rriv KUpta repoooXtl tOU<.· ano Mt ~la AE~TJ.lJ. Oi KOJ. Yla vd ~reopoov oi y£p~avoi Epyatf. xui tic. rravtOU Kci91: K01VWVIKrj Kat ~E OAa atml rd xtvriuurc rrpof3aUouv to ~iJt11J. urtopsi va slvm ~ovaXa to dusoo npootuio ~Ic'i<. reol> iJ o.na 000 unopei mo Ka9aptl ouvstOllOl) OX&tlKll ~t triv EX9Pl1Ctl avtie£oll reol> u1tapx£\ dvdusco ottlv aonKtl ta~l) Kal OtO repoA£tapl(ltO.0P<PiJ. £tOl nou. v ' o.lIlOUV10tE<.. Ko\VWVlKE~ Kai 1tOt. . OtiJ Fsppuviu. npoAEWptaKTic. Evavna orriv 'iola ttlv aonKrj ta~TJ.• H YEp~avIKiJ aonKrj i:rcavaowol)..vTJ.la tTic.onKtl ta~ 11 civcr ureoxp£w~tVl) vd repayucroxonicst ~t rriv Kuplapxia rnc. aOtl1':fjt. Epyat£~ l. reapa~OVEt.. oi KO~~OUV10tEC. OUV9fjK£t.PXiO£l 0 aywvae. Kl dv £X&l nripet.. TCAOe. oi KO~~OUVIOtE<. o1totaorj1tot& 1J..latoe. ytati iJ Fepucvio f3piOlC£tal otit.MANI41EHO TOY KOMMOYN1H1KOY KOMMATOI: 65 Ma oiirs OttY~tl (ltv 1tapa~£Ati to KO~~OUVIOtllCO Ko~~a vd KaAAI£pyti oroix. 1tEP\OOOtEPO ij AlyOtl:PO t~l:Aly~i. ~l('it.. lOLOXtTJoiat.

Map!.C. "Ejouv vd KEpoiaouv £vav xoouov OAodllpo.cPjiflVIK1 CK(joa" roD 1848.-. KAI <1>. oopd WllWO"KC ro <P.uno ti<. rppovrtaav 01 (Ju'lYparpcir. ro Fe vap» roD 1848 Ilpdns. lK(joaw. rpsuouv oi lCupioPXE<. ElCtO<. at Illa ICOIlIl0I. «atonsvu. MAP::. .JVl!JtllCtl EnovaataaTJ.'oPtip" roD 1848 aro Aov(jfvo IVjirpwva jii: r1 y. naipvovuu. ENrKEAr A<. ta~El<. clAuaioE<.- -_-"_ ---------------------- K. roue. xa! roy <P. unof/lf/ tk. "EVYKoA. w OPOAETAPIOI OAON TON XOPON ENOeEITE! rpti~r"Kc dno rOl' K.66 _. Ilnpo<. ar1v tttpioao dno ro t1c~'ijipp" roD 1847 we. 1l0l} tk. Oi npoAEtaplOl otv EXOUV vd xaaouv a' OUtrlV t inorc aAAO.

(m) orrj YEPIlUVIIO) £KOooT] lOU 1872 PWOlKrj EKOOOT] rou 1882 1890 5 7 10 II 17 18 36 48 48 48 npOAOYO~ orrj YEPlluvlKrj EKOOOT] rou 1883 . 0 KPITIKO'. np0).. Ano rov npoAoyo orrj y£p~avIKrj EKOoOT] rou MANIIllEHO TOY KOMMOYNIHIKOY I. Ao roi Kai npoAnaplO1 II..EraplOl KUi KO~1l0uvlort~ KOMMATOI III. lOOlUAIOllKrj xui KO~1l01NIOllKrj tplAoAoyia I. 0 clV1l0pacrtlKO~ ooolaAlo~o. 51 53 58 59 63 3. dVTl1toAi-tEl>OT]~ .. . oOOlaAlcr~oc..l0. ij 6 «UAT]elVO~" OOOlUAICJIlO~ ii clOTIKOC. . . 0 ouVrT]pT]T1Ko~ oOOlaAI0J.l0C. y) .lIlOUVI0J.67 nEPIEXOMENA npo"oyo~ npoAoyO'... H creon rwv IWl-IllOlJVlOrWv clnEvuvTI ora olatpopa KO!l!lara Iii. oOOlaAIOJ. 0 Y£PlluVIKo~ 2. IV . oUr01ll0TlKOC. aj • 0 tpEOuoapXIKo~ oOOlaAlo~o~ pj '0 IlIKpoacrTlKo.lo~ Kai KOJ.

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·EVYK£A<..'W(£Il~P% 1984 EK~OtElr "LYrXPONH EnOXH .cI>. .K. Map~ . MANlcI>ELTO TOY KOMMOYNlnIKOY KOMMA TOt .

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