Lecţia 1

` I. NAMES Exercise 1.
a) Look at the English names and say which are for boys and which are for girls. Add two more English names to the list.

Hello!

Laura __girl_ Jenny _girl_, Mary __girl_, Paul _boy__, Hellen girl_____, Bob _boy_____, Paul __boy_____, Ann __girl_____.

__John_____ __Danny_____
b) In pairs, write a list of some popular names in your country.

Andrei_______ ____Ionut___ ___Mihai ____ __Daniela_____ Exercise 2.

___Gabriel____ ___Cristian____ _Victor______

_______ _______ _______

_______ _______ _______

_____ALin_ _______

_______

a) Read and translate. Can you explain these sentences in your language?

 My name’s Steve. ____________Ma numesc Steve_______________________________  Nice to meet you too. _______Imi pare bine sa te cunosc__________________  How are you? _______________Ce mai faci____________________________  Fine. And you? ________Bina.U?___________________________________  Pleased to meet you too. ______Incantat sa te cunosc si eu_  Not bad, thanks. __________Nu i rau,multumesc_________________________________
b) Read the sentences, then cover your course and try to remember as many as possible.

Exercise 3. Read the dialogues. Which people know each other? Which people are meeting for the
first time?

1 2 3 4

Steve and Jenny Laura and Paul Laura and Helen Bill and Ann

A. Steve: Hi! My name's Steve. Steve Newton.
Jenny: Hi! I'm Jenny Smith. Steve: Nice to meet you, Jenny. Jenny: Nice to meet you too. Steve: Is this your first day at school? Jenny: Yes.

B. Laura: Hello, Paul. How are you?
Paul: Fine. And you? Laura: OK. This is my friend Helen. Paul: Pleased to meet you, Helen. Helen: Pleased to meet you too.

C. Hi, Ann.
Hi, Bill. How are you today? Bill: Not bad, thanks.

II. The Alphabet a[ei] b[bi:] c[si:] d[di:] e[i:] f[ef] g[dji:] h[eitch] i[ai] j[gei] k[kei] l[el] m[em] n[en] o[ou] p[pi:] q[kju:] r[a:] s[es] t[ti:] u[ju:] v[vi:] w['dablju:] x[eks] y[wai] z[zed]

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Exercise 4. Read aloud the alphabet:

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg

Hh li Jj Kk LI Mm Nn

Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu

Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

In pairs, ask and answer. A: How do you spell „apple”? B: Apple?A-double P-L-E • key • balloon • egg • rose

Exercise 5. Complete with the missing letter: 1. __h__ouse = casa 2. ____van = furgoneta, camion 3. __k_ing = rege 4. ___y_ellow = galben 5. ___d_og = caine 6. ____orange = portocala 7. ____japan = Japonia 8. ____pig = porc 9. ____train = tren 10. ____zebra = zebra Exercise 6. Put the letters in alphabetical order: For example: DABEC ABCDE 1. GFJIH = ____fghij____________ 2. LONKM = ____kmnol___________ 3. RTPQS = _____pqrst__________ 4. XZYWUV= _uvwxyz____________ Exercise 7. Arrange the words below to have a meaning: 1. Mrs Smith clothes irons 3

___ Mrs Smith __ irons clothes 2. chess 3. Wendy 4. television Jim flowers watches Mary loves smells _______Jim loves chess_____________________________________ ______wendy smells flowers_________________ _________mary watches television_________ Exercise 8. Translate in English: 1. John o suna pe Janet. ________John calls Janet______________________________________ 2. Richard mananca prajitura. _____Richard eats cake _________________________________________ 3. Chelnerul aduce mancarea. _____The waiter bribgs food_________________________________________ 4. Doamna Smith preda matematica. _____Mrs. Smith teaches mathematics_________________________________________ III. DAYS OF THE WEEK Monday = luni Tuesday = marti Wednesday = miercuri Thursday = joi Friday = vineri Saturday = sambata Sunday = duminica Exercise 9. Write the days of the week: 1. ____monday__________________ 2. _______ Tuesday _______________ 3. _____ Wednesday _________________ 4. _______ Thursday _______________ 5. _______ Friday _______________ 6. _______ Saturday _______________ 7. _____ Sunday _________________ 4

IV. MONTHS OF THE YEAR Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12 - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

V. Personal Pronoun and Verb to be

I am Tom.

She is Susan.

He is Fred.

It is Bunny.

They are Mary and Sara.

They are workers.

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You are…Alin…..?

VI. Verb to be
Personal Pronoun I You She He It We They verb to be am are is is is are are

Exercise 10. Are the sentences correct? If not, write the correct form. 1. He am Rover. 2. I am George. 3. She is Susan . 5. He are Fred. ______________He is Rover_______________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____He is Fred_________________________________

4. They am John, Timi and Susie_They are John, Timi and Susie___ 6. It is George, Janet and Pablo. ________They are George, Janet and Pablo___________________ Exercise 11. Make the sentence using the verb to be and the personal pronouns: 1. Bunny _________________________she is__________________________________ 2. Johnny, Susie and Timi ________________they are________________________ 3. George ______________________________he is ________________________ 4. Fred __________________________________he is _________________________ 5. Susie______________she is_________________________________________

VII. The Numeral

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Cardinal numbers 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1,000 10,000 oh, zero, nil, naught one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety a/one hundred a/one thousand ten thousand 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th 1,000th 10,000th

Ordinal numbers --first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth twenty-first thirtieth fortieth fiftieth sixtieth seventieth eightieth Ninetieth Hundredth Thousandth Ten thousandth

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100,000 1,000,000

a/one hundred thousand a/one million

100,000th 1,000,000th

Hundred thousandth Millionth 1,000,000th

1,000,000,000 a/one billion

1,000,000,000th Billionth

Un lucru care trebuie evidentiat este faptul ca în limba engleză se foloseşte virgula pentru a separa miile. VIII. WRITING THE DATE 1624 – sixteen twenty four 1903 - nineteen-oh-three 1987 – nineteen eighty-seven 3rd of February 1944 – third of February nineteen forty-four IX. WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT Numbers are often used on their own to show: Price – It cost eight seventy-five. (= 8 pounds 75 pence or 8 dollars 75 cents: ₤ 8.75 or 8.75 $) Time – We left at two twenty-five. (= 25 minutes after 2 o’clock) Age – He’s sixty-one. (= 61 years old). He’s in his sixties. (between 60 and 69 years old). Size – The shirt is a forty-for. ( = size 44) Temperature – The temperature fell to minus thirteen (= -13˚) The score in a game - She won the second set seven-four. (by seven games to four: 7-4)

Exercise 12. Translate in English: 1. A sosit al treilea. = he arived third 2. Prima impresie contează. = the first chance maters 3. Toţi merităm o a doua şansă. = we all deserve a second chance 4. El a obţinut premiul al treilea. He won the third place 5. El era primul din mulţi. He was the firs from manny Exercise 13. Which number is it?

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a. five a. ten a. seven a. five a. five a seven a. eight a. one Exercise 14.

b. four b. one b. ten b. four b. nine b. nine b. three b. nine

c. eight c. two c. nine c. eight c. six c. six c. six c. seven

Example: _____________ (11-12) Answer: 11th December 1. ____4th may____________ (4-5) 2. _____21st march________________ (21-3) 3. _____9th february________________ (9-2) 4. ______22th _______________ (22-12) 5. _________firs december____________ (1-1) 6. ______ 12th july_______________ (12-7) 7. _______3rd October ______________ (3-10) 8. ________20th june_____________ (20-6) 9. _______2nd april______________ (2-4) Exercise 15. Write the date into the gap the way it is spoken. Look at the example. Example: _____________________ (11-12) Answer: the eleventh of December 1. _______the fourth if may______________(4-5) 2. _______the twenty one of march______________ (21-3) 3. ________the ninth of february_____________ (9-2) 4. _____the twenty second of december________________ (22-12)

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5. ____the first of january_________________ (1-1) 6. ______the twelfth of july_______________ (12-7) 7. _______the third of October ______________ (3-10) 8. ___the twenth of june__________________ (20-6) 9. ______the second of april_______________ (2-4)

Exercise 16. Look at these numbers and write their names in the space below: 7 5 9 10 1 8

_seven____ _five___ __nine______ ___ten_______ __one______ ___eight_________ 3 4 2 6

__thre___ _four____ ____two_____ ___six_______ . Exercise 17. Look at the numbers on the left, and their names in bold on the right. Which name goes with which number? Put the right name in the box next to the question. 20 _____4______ 30 _____6______ 40 _____1______ 50 _____5______ 60 ______7_____ 70 ____3_______ 80 ______9_____ 90 ______8_____ 100 _____2______ 1. forty 2. one hundred 3. seventy 4. twenty 5. fifty 6. thirty 7. sixty 8. ninety 9. eighty

X. Measurements
mm = millimetre cm = centimetre m = metre km = kilometre

1 cm = 10 mm (one centimetre = ten millimetres) 1 m = 100 cm (one metre = hundred centimetres) 1 km = 1,000 m (one kilometre = one thousand metres) 1 km = 1,000,000 mm (one kilometre = one million millimetres) 10

1,000 km = 1,000,000,000 mm (one thousand kilometres = one billion millimetres) Exercise 18. Write the full number in the space provided. Example: How many millimetres in one centimetres? __________five hundred centimetres____________________ 1. How many centimetres in fifty metres? __________________________________________ 2. How many centimetres in two kilometres? __________________________________________ 3. How many millimetres in fifteen metres? __________________________________________ 4. How many metres in seventy seven kilometres? ______________________________________________ 5. How many millimetres in seventeen kilometrăes? ______________________________________________

A Child's Blessing
A couple invited some people to dinner. At the table, the mother turned to her six-year-old daughter and asked her to say the blessing. “I wouldn't know what to say,” she replied. „Just say what you hear Mommy say,” the mother said. The little girl bowed her head and prayed, „Dear Lord, why on Earth did I invite all these people to dinner?” Lecţia 2

Possessives

Exercise 1. Translate the possessive adjectives. SINGULAR I → my you → your he → his her → hers it → its PLURAL we → our you → your they → their

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Exercise 2. Can you answer these questions? 1. An elephant has … a. wings 2. A bull has … a. wings 3. A bird has … a. wings 4. A cat has … a. wings b. a trunk c. whiskers d. horns b. a trunk c. whiskers d. horns b. a trunk c. whiskers d. horns b. a trunk c. whiskers d. horns

Exercise 3. These five sentences below have all been mixed up. You have to write them again so that they make sense. 1. The elephant trunk a has ________________________________________________________________________ 2. Are the birds’ these wings. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. A this tail cat’s is. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. Horns bulls have. ________________________________________________________________________ 5. These bull’s horns the are ________________________________________________________________________ Exercise 4. Look at the sentences below – are they true or false? 1. The birds have wings. 2. An elephant has stripes. 3. The zebra has wings. 4. the bulls have horns. 5. the cat has tail.

What time is it?
A. Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please? B. Yes, of course. It's seven o'clock. 12

A. Thank you. B. No problem. A. What time is it? B. It's half past three. A. Thanks. B. You're welcome. Key Vocabulary Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please? What time is it? It's half past... It's quarter past... It's ten to... It's quarter to... o'clock Can you tell me the time, please? Do you have the time? What time is it? Do you know what time it is? Excuse me, could you tell me the time? You can tell the time in different ways. All the ways shown here are possible. But the one with the smiley face is the most preferred. 10.45 It is ten forty-five. It is fifteen minutes to eleven. It is quarter to eleven.☺ 11.15 It is eleven fifteen. It is fifteen minutes past eleven. It is quarter past eleven. ☺ 11.30 It is eleven thirty. It is half past eleven. ☺ Exercise 5. Write sentences below describing the time using the words half or quarter. Example: 6.15 It is quarter past six. 13

9.45 ________________________________________________ 11.30 _______________________________________________ 7.30 ________________________________________________ 7.45 ________________________________________________ 10.15 _______________________________________________ Exercise 6. Look at the time in Bucharest, and then write sentences describing the time in different cities. This is the time in Bucharest: 8.30 Bucharest 10.30 London 11.30 Paris 7.30 Hong Kong 9.30 Sidney 5.30 New York chosen. 10.55 1. It is five to eleven. 2. It is five to ten. 3. It is ten past five. 2.10 1. It is ten past two. 2. It is ten past ten. 3. It is ten to two. 8.15 1. It is twenty to three. 2. It is quarter to eight. 3. It is quarter past eight. 7.45 1. It is fifteen past seven. 2. It is quarter to nine. 3. It is quarter to eight. 9.45 1. It is quarter to ten. 2. It is half past nine. 3. It is nine o’clock. 6.30 1. It is thirty past six. 14 _____It is half past eight in Bucharest. ____ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ What is the time in:

Exercise 7. Choose the correct answer from the three options and circle the answer you have

2. It is half past six. 3. It is thirty to seven. Pronumele personale I = eu You = tu He = el, dânsul, dumnealui She = ea, dânsa, dumneaiei It = el, ea (impersonal) We = noi Pronumele posesive Mine = al meu, a mea, ai mei, ale mele Yours = al tău, a ta, ai tăi, ale tale His =al lui, a lui, ai lui, ale

Pronumele de întărire Myself = eu ănsumi, personal, chi

Yourself = tu însuţi, personal, chia

Himself = el însuşi, personal, chia

lui Hers = al ei, a ei, ai ei, ale ei Herself = ea însăşi, personal, chiar Its= al ei, a ei, ai ei, ale ei, Itself = el ănsuşi, ea însăşi, person al lui, a lui, ai lui, ale lui Ours = al nostrum, a noastră, ai noştri, ale noastre Yours = al tău, a ta, ai tăi, ale tale Theirs = al lor, a lor, ail or, ale lor

chiar ea/el Ourselves = noi înşine, însene, chi

You = voi, dumneavoastră They = ei, ele, dânşii, dânsele, dumnealor

Yourselves = ei înşişi, ele însele, c ei/ele Themselves =ei înşişi, ele ănsele, ei/ele

Exercise 8. Complete with the right word: 1.It is his umbrella. 2. It is their dog. 3. It is my pencil. 4. It is our house. 5. It is your car. .... .has an umbrella . .... have a dog. ..... have a pencil. .... have a house. ..... have a car. a. She a. We a. I a. We a. She a. You b. He b. She b. He b. They b. He b. She c. They c. They c. We c. He c. You c. We

6.They are her flowers. ..... has flowers. Exercise 9. 1. They have a large house with a garden. a. John a. Richard 3. She has a cat. a. Pete b. My brother and I b. Mary and Pete c. Joice 2. He has a motorbike. b. You and your sister

c. Mr and Mrs Johns c. Your aunt

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4. We have a farm. a. Susan and her family 5. He has a new football. a. Mary a. I b. Mike b. You c. Your parents c. My parents 6. They have a horse. b. My family c. Jack

Exercise 10. Look at the sentences below and write them again in the spaces below so that they make sense. 1. black is his motorbike .__________________________________ 2. parents work the her on farm. ____________________________ 3. their old son is years eighteen . __________________________ 4. Blacky is horse called our . ______________________________ 5. dog Spot called your is . ________________________________ 6. car the lost its has wheels. ______________________________

Description of the directions 1. Take the first right. 2. Take the second right. 3. Go straight 4. Turn at the first left... then 5. ... take the next right.
Types of junctions

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T-junction

Crossroad

Directions I A. Excuse me. Is there a bank near here? B. Yes. There's a bank on the corner. A. Thank you. B. You're welcome. Directions II

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A. Excuse me. Is there a supermarket near here? B. Yes. There's one near here. A. How do I get there? B. At the traffic lights, take the first left and go straight on. It's on the left. A. Is it far? B. Not really. A. Thank you. B. Don't mention it. Key Vocabulary Is there a _______ near here? on the corner on the left, on the right straight on, straight ahead traffic lights Is it far?

Colours
Romanian violet alb albastru portocaliu galben roşu verde argintiu, cărunt, de argint aur English purple white blue orange yellow red green silver gold

albastru deschis bleumarin cenuşiu, gri

light blue dark blue grey

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maro roşu închis, bordo purpuriu stacojiu mov roz trandafiriu

brown crimson purple scarlet mauve rosy pink

Exercise 11. Read and translate the poem:
There are so many colours. We see them every day. The sky is blue, the grass is green The clouds are white or grey. The world is full of colours. It's wonderful to see Lovely bright colours. Look at them with me. Flowers are red or orange, yellow, pink or blue. I want to take the flowers and give them all to you.

Exercise 12. Translate into Romanian: A. The Estonian flag is blue, black and white. B. The German flag is black, red and gold (yellow). C. The Italian flag is green, white and red. D. The Swedish flag is blue and yellow. E. The Portuguese flag is green and red. F. The Columbian flag is yellow, blue and red.

Questions
Statement: You are tired. Question: Are you tired? Answer: Yes, you are OR No, you are not

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Statement: I am sleepy. Question: Am I sleepy? Answer: Yes, I am OR No, I am not

Statement: She is slim. Question: Is she slim? Answer: Yes, she is Statement: He is fat. Question: Is he fat? Answer: Yes, he is OR No, he is not OR No, she is not

Statement: We are noisy. Question: Are we noisy? Answer: Yes, we are OR No, we are not

Statement: They are rude. Question: Are they rude? Answer: Yes, they are OR No, they are not

Exercise 13. What is the best question word to use at the start of each of these sentences? Look at each sentence and select one of the choices underneath. 1. ...... is the name of your father? Do Are How Is Do Why Is Who Who What Do Are Where Why Where 2. ...... you want to visit me next week? 3. ...... that your cat? 4. ...... do you live? 5. ...... is your neighbour? 6. ...... are you angry?

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Why Are

Are Do Why

Is What How

7. ...... they hungry? 8. ...... are you? Do

Exercise 14. Look at these questions and the answers. Then decide what the missing question word is. Write it into the space in the sentence. 1. ___________is your favourite colour? My favourite colour is blue. 2. ___________do they live? They live in London. 3. ___________is she not at school? Because she is ill. 4. ___________ you like jazz? Yes, I do. 5. ___________is the President of the United States? Mr Bush is the President of the United States. 6. ___________ do you finish your study? In two months time. 7. ___________ this your book? No, it is not. 8. ___________ they invited to the party? Yes they are.

Proverbs/Jokes
Saying is one thing and doing is another. Seeing is believing. Choose an author as you choose a friend. When angry, count a hundred. The wind cannot be prevented from blowing. saying – a spune doing – a face believing – a crede a hundred – o sută

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seeing – a vedea

to prevent – a împiedica

Teacher: “Tommy, did you do all your homework by yourself?” Tommy (cautiously): “Yes, all, except the mistakes. Dad made them.” cautiously – cu prudenţă

1st person 2nd person 3rd person (m) 3rd person (f) 3rd person (n) 1st person (pl.) 2nd person (pl.) 3rd person (pl) Pronoun test ->

Subject Pronouns I you he she it we you they ___ will go.

Object Pronouns Me You Him Her It Us You them Max saw ___.

Possessive Adjectives my your his her its our your their That's ___ name.

Possessive Pronouns mine yours his hers (not used) ours yours theirs The car is ___.

Reflexive Pronouns myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves (subj) saw (reflx)

Lesson Review

Lecţia 3

Invitations, Suggestions, Offers, Reservations, Appointments The Article
Invitations: Do you want to come to my party tomorrow? Can you come to my party tomorrow? I would like to invite you to my party tomorrow. Thank you, I would like to come OR Thank you, but I cannot come. Suggestions: Why don't we go to the cinema? How about going to the cinema? Shall we go to the cinema? Yes, let's go OR No, how about the pub instead?

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Offers: Would you like some tea? Can I pour you some tea? May I offer you some tea?

Yes, thank you. OR No, thank you. Exercise 1 Here are some invitations that need answers and answers that need invitations. 1. Would you like to go to the dance with me? 2. Do you want to come to the cinema tonight? 3. Do you want to come swimming with us? 4. Can you come to dinner tonight? 5. Can I invite you to my party? 6. Would you like to have a drink with us? Exercise 2 Selectaţi cuvântul potrivit: 1. We .............. go to the cinema this evening. a. could 2. ................. meeting for lunch on Friday? a. Could we 3. .......... we play bridge this weekend? a. Why will Do 4. I .......... finish the ironing for you. a. can not 5. ........ about going to London on Sunday? a. What 6. ....... we decide about it later? a. Can Will b. will c. are b. How about c. We are b. Shall c. b. want to c. can b. How c. Why b. How c. a. I don’t know how to do that! b. When are you having it? c. Thank you, I’d love to come. d. Yes please. What are you having? e. No thanks, I'm driving. f. Oh, I am going with Joey

Exercise 3 Aranjati cuvintele de mai jos in aşa fel încât să aibă sens. 1. would like you to something drink? _______________________________________ 2. I offer coffee can you some ? ____________________________________________ 3. like try to this cake you would ? __________________________________________ 4. about tea some how ? __________________________________________________ 5. can you some I get fruit? _______________________________________________ 6. these are apples nice. I can get some you? __________________________________ 7. a sandwich you would like ? ____________________________________________ 8. stay would for you like to supper? ____________________________________________

Reservations

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La Gerard
Ann: Good afternoon, can I reserve a table for two? Waiter: Sorry, we do not make reservations for small groups. Ann: Well, will we get a table if we come at 8pm? Waiter: Today is Monday, so we should not be very busy. Ann: Ok, Do you serve vegetarian food? Waiter: Yes, we have a good selection of vegetarian dishes. Ann: Do you take credit cards? Waiter: Yes we do. Ann: Thank you. See you in the evening then. Waiter: Thank you. Good bye!

La Bel Cuzine
Dr Brown: Good evening, can I book a table for four for tomorrow evening Waiter: We are closed on Mondays, sir. Dr Brown: What about Tuesday? Waiter: What time? Dr Brown: About 7.30-8pm Waiter: I have a free table for 8 pm. Dr Brown: Can I make the reservation then? Waiter: Yes, of course. What is the name please? Dr Brown: Brown, Dr James Brown. Waiter: And the contact telephone number? Dr Brown: Cambridge 724276. Waiter: Thank you, Dr Brown. You have a table for 4 people for 8pm on Tuesday. Exercise 4 După ce aţi citit textile de mai sus, încercaţi să răspundeţi la următoarele întrebări. 1. Which restaurant is closed on Monday? ________________________________________________________________________ 2. How many people will Ann bring with her? ________________________________________________________________________ 3. When is Ann coming to the restaurant? ________________________________________________________________________ 4. What time did Dr Brown book the restaurant for? ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Could Ann book the table in the restaurant? ________________________________________________________________________ 6. How many people are coming to La Bel Cuzine? ________________________________________________________________________ 7. What is Dr Brown's telephone number? ________________________________________________________________________ 8. How does Ann want to pay for her dinner?

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________________________________________________________________________

Appointments An appointment with the doctor
Look at the conversation below, and try to match what the patient says with what the receptionist replies. 1. Good morning. Can I make an A. Dr Newman is not in tomorrow, but I can appointment with the doctor for this make an appointment with Dr Brinks morning? 2. But I feel really ill and I need to see B. Can I have your name please? someone today. C. All the doctors are fully booked for this 3. Is there no-one I can see today? morning. 4. But this is an emergency. I told you I D. OK Mr Smith, we will see you tomorrow at feel really ill. I may even have a 10. temperature. 5. OK then can I make an appointment E. Goodbye. for tomorrow morning? F. I am sorry, but your symptoms do not count as 6. Peter Smith an emergency. G. The earliest appointment we can make is 7. I normally see Dr Newman. tomorrow morning at 10am. 8. That is fine. H. And who is your doctor? I. I am sorry, we could only make an 9. Thank you and goodbye. appointment for today if it was an emergency.
Fill in is or are. Is he a postman? ____________they students? She____________a hairdresser. ____________she Portuguese?

Fill in am, is, are, isn't, aren't or 'm not. e.g. A: Is Christian from Canada? B: No, he isn't. He is from France. A: Hello. My name ____________ Claudio. B: ____________you from Portugal? A: No, ____________from Italy. A: ____________Charles and Nick pilots? B: No, they ____________Charles ____________a doctor and Nick ____________a vet. Underline the correct word.

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e.g.

There is/are a cinema in my neighbourhood.

There is/are some trees in the park. Is/Are there a supermarket in your neighbourhood? Is/Are there any cafes in your neighbourhood? G.
e.g.

Match the sentences to the responses. Good night, Joan. Sleep well. D A See you. B She's from Russia. C Not bad, thanks. D Good night, Mum. E Bye. See you on Monday. F Good night, Bob. Sweet dreams.

Good morning. How are you today? _____ Bye. Have a nice weekend. _____ Good night, Mum. _____ Where's Olga from? _____ Bye Jack. See you later._____

Reading
Read the letter and underline the correct word. Dear Frida, Hello, my name's Dolores. I'm sixteen years old. I'm from Porto, in Portugal. Porto is a very old city. There are many beautiful old buildings and statues. There is a big museum in Porto. There is a big park near my house. There are lots of benches and trees in the park. Porto is a great city. That's all about me. How about you? Best wishes, Dolores Dolores is fifteen/sixteen years old. Dolores is Chinese/Portuguese. Porto is a very old/modern city. There is a big theatre/museum in Port: There is a park/school near her house.

Read the letter and underline the correct word. Dear Emily, Hello, my name's Hamilton. I'm seventeen years old. I'm from Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro is a modern city. There are lots of beautiful, modern buildings. There is a big museum in Rio de Janeiro. There is a big park in my neighbourhood. There are two cafes in the park. There is a modern theatre near my house. Rio de Janeiro is a fantastic city. That's all about me. How about you? Best wishes, Hamilton

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Hamilton is seventeen/nineteen years old. There is a big museum/theatre in Rio de Janeiro. Hamilton is Brazilian/Egyptian. Rio de Janeiro is a very old/modern city. There is a theatre/school near his house.

Writing
Write a letter about you, your town/city and your neighbourhood. Use the text above as a model. Dear……………………, Hello, my name's …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… There is …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… That's all about me. How about you? Best wishes, Fill in have, has, haven't or hasn't e.g. A: Has Harry got a new car? B: Yes, he has. A: Michael and Adam got a cat? B: No, they _____________. A: ___________Philip got a car? B: Yes, he ___________ A: ___________Sue and Joan got a brother? B: Yes, they ___________ A: ___________Tony got two sisters? B: No, he ___________ A: We ___________got two dogs. B: I ___________got any pets. Write the time in words: e.g. 6.10 It’s ten past six. 1.15______________________ 3.20 ______________________ 2.45 ______________________ 3.25 ______________________ ______________________ 4.35 ______________________

6.50______________________ 3.20 ______________________ 5.30 ______________________ 7.45 8.25 ______________________

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3.45 ______________________ Circle the correct item. 1. Julie is John's ________ A sister B brother C father 2. It is________parrot. A an B a C3. This is Paul is fifteen. A It B She C He 4. “_________is this?” “Maria.” A What B Who C She 5. “_________is this?” “It's a rose.” A Who B What C It 6. This is my schoolbag_______is red. A It B She C He 7. Peter and Bill_______my friends. A isn't B is C are 8. Lucy and I_______friends. A is B are C am 9. This is me and this is my friend. ________are ten. A We B They C You 10. She_______my sister. She's my friend. A isn't B are C aren't 11. “Is Mrs Brown your mother?” “Yes, she_______ “ A isn't B are C is 12. “Is he Jim's father?” “No, he_______ “ A is B isn't C aren't 13. “Are they Bob's brothers?” “Yes, they_______ “ A are B aren't C is 14. _______there a cinema in the neighbourhood? A Is B Are C Aren't 15. There_______lots of trees in my garden A is B isn't C aren't 16. Pablo is _______ A Portugal B Poland C Portuguese 17. Miguel is from _______ A Spanish B Spain C Argentinian 18. What is your_______colour? A favourite B lovely C bright 19. There_______a park near my house. A aren't B isn't C are

9.50 ______________________

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The Article
Este un instrument grammatical care individualizează sau determină un substantiv. Prezenţa lui dovedeşte că substantivul pe care îl însoţeşte este deja cunoscut de interlocutor. Articolul hotărât (The Definite Article) THE Articolele în limba engleză sunt invariabile. Aceasta înseamnă că nu se schimbă în concordanţă cu genul sau cu numărul substantivului la care se referă. Exemple: the boy, the woman, the children 'The' se foloseşte: 1. pentru ca arăta că ceva deja s-a menţionat. Example: An elephant and a mouse fell in love. The mouse loved the elephant's long trunk, and the elephant loved the mouse's tiny nose. 2. când şi vorbitorul şi ascultătorul ştiu despre ce se vorbeşte, chiar dacă nu s-a menţionat mai devreme. Example: 'Where's the bathroom?' 'It's on the first floor.' 3. în propoziţii sau părţi de propoziţii unde definim sau identificăm un obiect sau o persoană în mod specific. Examples: The man who wrote this book is famous. 'Which car did you scratch?' 'The red one. My house is the one with a blue door.' 4. pentru a ne referi la obiecte pe care le considerăm unice. Examples: the sun, the moon, the world 5. înaintea superlativelor şi a numeralelor ordinale. Examples: the highest building, the first page, the last chapter. 6. cu adjective pentru a ne referi la un grup întreg de oameni: Examples: the Japanese, the old 7. cu nume de părţi geografice şi oceane: Examples: the Caribbean, the Sahara, the Atlantic 8. pentru decenii sau grupuri de ani: Example: she grew up in the seventies Articolul nehotărât (Indefinite Article) A / AN Folosim 'a' cu substantive care încep cu consoană . 'an' cu substantive care încep cu vocală (a,e,i,o,u) Examples: A boy An apple A car An orange A house An opera NOTĂ:

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An înaintea lui h mut - an hour, an honour. A înaintea lui u şi eu când sunt citite ca 'you': a european, a university, a unit Articolul nehotărât se foloseşte: - pentru a ne referi la ceva pentru prima dată: An elephant and a mouse fell in love. Would you like a drink? I've finally got a good job. - pentru nume de slujbe: John is a doctor. Mary is training to be an engineer. He wants to be a dancer. - pentru naţionalităţi şi religii : John is an Englishman. Kate is a Catholic. - pentru instrumente musicale: Sherlock Holmes was playing a violin when the visitor arrived. - pentru nume de zile: I was born on a Thursday - pentru a ne referi la un anume fel de sau un exemplu de ceva anume: the mouse had a tiny nose the elephant had a long trunk it was a very strange car - pentru substantive la formă de singular după cuvintele 'what' şi 'such': What a shame! She's such a beautiful girl. - pentru a ne referi la un lucru, obiect sau peroană: I'd like an orange and two lemons please. The burglar took a diamond necklace and a valuable painting. De observat că de obicei spunem a hundred, a thousand, a million. EXCEPŢII ÎN UTILIZAREA ARTICOLULUI NEHOTĂRÂT Când nu este articol: - pentru nume de ţări (dacă este la singular) Germany is an important economic power. He's just returned from Zimbabwe. (But: I'm visiting the United States next week.) - pentru nume de limbi: French is spoken in Tahiti. English uses many words of Latin origin. Indonesian is a relatively new language. - pentru nume de mese: Lunch is at midday. Dinner is in the evening. Breakfast is the first meal of the day. - pentru numele unor persoane (dacă este la singular): John's coming to the party. George King is my uncle. (But: we're having lunch with the Morgans tomorrow.) - pentru titluri şi nume: Prince Charles is Queen Elizabeth's son.

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President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes' friend. (But: the Queen of England, the Pope.) - după cazuri de posesiv cu 's: His brother's car. Peter's house. - pentru a numi profesii: Engineering is a useful career. He'll probably go into medicine. - pentru nume de magazine: I'll get the card at Smith's. Can you go to Boots for me? - pentru ani: 1944 was a wonderful year. Do you remember 1995? - pentru substantive nenumărabile: Rice is the main food in Asia. Milk is often added to tea in England. War is destructive. - pentru nume individuale de munţi, lacuri şi insule: Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in Alaska. She lives near Lake Windermere. Have you visited Long Island? - pentru nume de oraşe, străzi, staţii şi aeroporturi: Victoria Station is in the centre of London. Can you direct me to Bond Street? She lives in Florence. They're flying from Heathrow. - în anumite expresii fixe. De exemplu: by car at school by train at work by air at University on foot in church on holiday in prison on air (in broadcasting) in bed Exercise 5 A/An or no article:  There were many dogs in the park. One dog was ___ Dalmatian.  Pandas and ___ tigers are both endangered animals.  She is wearing ___ blue dress with red earrings  Hawaii is ___ island in the Pacific Ocean.  Christmas comes once ___ year.  ___ ant is __ insect.  The Nile is ___ river.  I went to the shop to get ___ bread.  He broke ___ glass when he was washing dishes.  You should take ___ umbrella. Exercise 6 Complete with a, an or the. Gap-Fill Exercise ______________raging pipeline fire in Jesse, Delta State which killed over 700 people last

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weekend was yesterday extinguished by _____________United States fire-fighting company by suffocating ______________flames with ______________thick nitrogen-rich layer of foam. Workmen from _____________ Houston, Texas-based company BJ Services spent less than ______________hour shooting nitrogen-rich foam from hoses onto ______________pipeline before finally choking out ______________fire which raged on for days. A company official said they had extensive experience in oil fires, and approached ______________government about putting out___________ blaze. The explosion and fire erupted while over 1,000 people were trying to collect gasoline spilling from the damaged government-owned pipeline. Hundreds of people were believed to have been injured, but many have refused medical care or fled from hospitals, fearing they might be arrested for either causing ______________ fire or scavenging gas. Exercise 7 Decide dacă trebie să foloseşti articolul hotărât >the< sau nu. Dacă nu ai nevoie de articolul >the<, foloseşte un x. 1) Listen! Dennis is playing ________________trumpet. 2) Alex goes to work by ________________ bus. 3) We often see our cousins over ________________ Easter. 4) Don't be late for ________________ school. 5) She has never been to ________________ Alps before. 6) I always listen to ________________ radio in the morning. 7) My grandmother likes ________________ flowers very much. 8) See you on ________________Wednesday. 9) What about going to Australia in ________________ February? 10) I love________________ flowers in your garden. Exercise 8 1) _________ Loch Ness is _________ most famous lake in Scotland. 2) _________smog is a problem in _________big cities. 3) _________ summer of 1996 was hot and dry. 4) _________Mount Everest is _________ highest mountain on earth. 5) _________ most children like _________sweets. 6) Last year we visited _________St. Paul's Cathedral and _________Tower. 7) _________ Plaza Hotel is on the corner of _________59th Street and_________5th Avenue. 8) Our children go to _________ school by _________bus. 9) Our friends, _________ Millers moved to Florida last August. 10) My sister often stays at _________Uncle Tim in Detroit. Exercise 9 Folosiţi a sau an. 1) She has _________ exercise book in her school bag. 2) Lucy likes _________dog. 3) Emily needs _________ new desk in her room. 4) He finished _________unit. 5) We listen to _________ English CD. 6) Peter has _________ aunt in Berlin. 7) Ben has _________old bike. 8) The speed of this car was 160 miles _________ hour.

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9) I need _________blue pen. 10) Let's sing _________song. Exercise 10 1) There is _________new English book on the desk. 2) He is drinking _________ cup of coffee. 3) Leipzig has _________ airport. 4) The girl is _________pilot. 5) My father is _________ honest person. 6) She's reading _________ old comic. 7) My friend likes to be _________ astronaut. 8) This is _________ expensive bike. 9) They've got _________ idea. 10) Look! There's _________bird flying.

Exercise 11 Care articol a sau an poate fi folosit înaintea acestor cuvinte? Scrieţi cuvintele în coloana corespunzătoare. animal, end, American band, actress, thousand times, dog, old bike, elephant, outdoor activity, answer a an

Circle the correct item. 1. “What____________is Frida?” “She's British.” A name B country C nationality 2. “How are you?” “___________And you?” A Thanks B James C Fine 3. “How old are you?” “___________________” A I'm OK B I'm sixteen C I'm Sam 4. Rex is my______dog. A fourteen B pet C mums 5. “What's your__________?” “I'm a hairdresser.” A job B address C name 6. “Are Jack and David pilots?” “Yes, __________are.” A we B they C you 2. Mary__________a teacher. She's a doctor. A isn't B is C ‘s

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3. “Is Monica from Italy?” “Yes, she__________” A 's .B isn't C is 4. Are there__________statues in the square? A any B lots Ca 5. There isn't__________cafe in my neighbourhood. Aa B some C any 6. See you a week. A at B on C in 7. There are__________people in the cafe. A any B some Ca 8. There is a park__________to my house. A next B near C in front 9. Barcelona is a beautiful __________ . A palace B square C city 10. There are lots of__________in the park. A hotels B benches C houses 11. Good night, Jenny_________dreams. A Sweet B Lovely C Good 12. Have a__________weekend. A pretty B nice C huge 13. There's a big opera__________in our town. A square B bank C house 14. ________from Mexico. A Dreams B Evenings C Greetings 15. Bye, Linda. See you on __________ . A later B Monday C soon 16. Montreal is a modern city with __________people. A high B friendly C big 17. These are__________ A knives B knife's C knife 18. My mother is a tour __________ A patient B vet C guide 19. There's a big river with lots of__________in my town. A castles B bridges C churches 20. His sister works in a hospital. She's a __________ A vet B teacher C nurse 21. “What's your__________?' “It's 32, Rose Street.” A address B street C house 22. Let's__________! We're late! A hurry B help C eat Proverbs/Jokes Speech is silver, silence is gold. Still waters run deep. Hope is the poor man’s bread. A great fortune is a great slavery. speech – vorbire, (aici)vorbă silver – argint silence – tăcere gold – aur

hope – speranţă poor – sărac, sărman man – om bread – pâine

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still – liniştit water – apă deep – adânc

great – mare fortune – avere slavery – robie, scalvie

“What is the largest word in the English language?” “I don’t know.” “It is the word ‘smiles’, because is a mile between the first letter and the last.” smiles – zâmbete mile – milă (1609 m) Mother: “Who is the laziest fellow in your form? Who never does a task and never learns a lesson?” Tom: “It is the teacher.” fellow – individ, (aici) băiat task – temă form – clasă

Lecţia 4 Verbele auxiliare Cum să te prezinţi. La cumpărături. La aeroport. Limbaj social: urări de călătorie, de zile speciale. Intrarea în vorbă cu oamenii necunoscuţi Verbul To Be (a fi) Afirmativ I Am = Eu sunt You Are = Tu esti He Is = El este She Is = Ea este It Is = El/Ea Este We Are = Noi suntem You Are = Voi sunteti They are = Ei sunt Verbul To Have (a avea) Afirmativ I have = Eu am You have = Tu ai He has = El are She has = Ea are It has = El/Ea are We have = Noi avem You have = Voi aveti They have = Ei au Verbul To Do (a face) 35 Interogativ Do I have? Do you have? Does he have? Does she have? Does it have? Do we have? Do you have? Do they have? Negativ I do not have You do not have He does not have She does not have It does not have We do not have You do not have They do not have Interogativ Am I ? Are You ? Is He ? Is She ? Is It ? Are We ? Are You ? Are They ? Negativ I Am not You Are not He Is not She Is not It Is not We Are not You Are not They are not

Afirmativ I do = eu fac You do = tu faci He does = el face She does = ea face It does = el/ea face You do = voi faceţi We do = noi facem They do = ei fac

Interogativ Do I? Do you? Does he? Does she? Does it? Do you? Do we? Do they?

Negativ I do not You do not He does not She does not It does not You do not We do not They do not

Exerciţiul 1 Alegeţi forma corectă: 1. I wonder how many children ...a...... going on the school field trip this month. (a) are b) has (c) is 2. Every morning, I go to work ...b...... car. (a) for (b) by (c) in 3. Do you like sushi? No, I ...b....... (a) don't like (b) don't (c) are not 4. Has anyone seen Laura? ......... to work today? (a) Is she coming (b) Does she come (c) She come 5. I hope you're having a good time. ......... like some more tea? (a) Do you (b) Will you (c) Would you 6. Let's hang out later tonight. ......... want to come over after work? (a) You will (b) Do you (c) Does you 7. I was out when you called. I went to the store ......... buy some milk. (a) for (b) to (c) order to 8. I haven't talked to Nicole recently. When ......... you talk to her last? (a) does (b) was (c) did 9. We ......... a wonderful time. Thanks for inviting us over for dinner. (a) had (b) have (c) has 10. The forecast isn't good for tomorrow. It's ......... to rain so don't forget to bring your umbrella. (a) having (b) going (c) seems Exerciţiul 2 Alegeţi forma corectă: 1. I like to visit other countries but I find the ......... of travel is too high. (a) money (b) cost (c) expenses (d) currency 2. She is very happy because she starts her new ......... today. (a) job (b) work (c) labour (d) post 3. One day I hope I shall ......... the lottery. (a) gain (b) collect (c) reach (d) win 4. He must have a lot of money because this summer he is going on a cruise ......... the world. (a) about (b) around (c) across (d) through 5. Have you read that book ......... the life of Van Gogh? 36

(a) about (b) of (c) over (d) in 6. Do you want ......... sugar in your coffee? (a) some (b) much (c) any (d) little 7. They do not ......... cheques in that restaurant. (a) accept (b) agree (c) allow (d) admit 8. I cannot work today because I have very bad tooth.......... (a) pain (b) hurt (c) damage (d) ache 9. Children are not ......... in that public house. (a) aloud (b) allowed (c) accepted (d) agreed 10. You can see the ......... about the sale in the local paper. (a) announcement (b) warning (c) notice (d) advertisement A Busy Day (two friends speaking in a park when they meet each other jogging) Barbara: Hi, Katherine, how are you today? Katherine: I'm great and you? Barbara: VERY busy! I'm jogging now, but later I have to do a lot! Katherine: What do you have to do? Barbara: Well, first of all, I have to do the shopping. We don't have anything to eat at home. Katherine: ... and then? Barbara: Little Johnny has a basketball game this afternoon. I'm driving him to the game. Katherine: Oh, how is his team doing? Barbara: They're doing very well. Next week, they're travelling to Toronto for a tournament. Katherine: That's impressive. Barbara: Well, Johnny likes playing basketball. Introducing Yourself Introductions A: Hello. My name's Peter. What's your name? B: Janet. A: Where are you from Janet? B: I'm from Seattle. Where are you from? A: I'm from Madrid. B: Are you American? A: Yes, I am. Are you Spanish? B: Yes I am. Key Vocabulary My name is... What's (is) your name ... Where are you from? I'm from... Are you (Spanish, American, German, etc.) Introductions Acestea sunt câteva expresii pe care le folosim adesea să prezentăm persoane necunoscute. (name), I don't think you've met (name).

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I don't think you know (name) May I introduce you to (name) (name), do you know (name)? (name), I'd like you to meet (name) Când întâlneşti o persoană pentru prima dată este acceptat să saluţi persoana respectivă cu „How do you do?” iar răspunsul correct este „How do you do.” Iată o scurtă conversaţie: Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary. Peter: How do you do? Mary: How do you do. Ken: Mary works for ... O altă variantă este „It's a pleasure to meet you.” sau „Pleased to meet you.” Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary. Peter: It's a pleasure to meet you. Mary: How do you do. Ken: Mary works for ... Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary. Peter: How do you do? Mary: Pleased to meet you. Ken: Mary works for ... În situaţiile informale prezentările sunt făcute simplu: „This is (name).” Este acceptat să se spună „Hi” sau „Hello” ca răspuns în această situaţie informală. Ken: Peter, this is Mary. Peter: How do you do? Mary: Pleased to meet you. Ken: Mary works for ... Este normal să daţi mâna când vă prezentaţi. După prezentarea iniţială, darea mâinii are loc în situaţii mai formale sau la întâlniri de afaceri. În alte cazuri oameni spun doar „Hi.” Hello and Goodbye - Three Short Conversations A: Hello B: Hello, Peter. How are you? A: Fine, thanks. How are you? B: I'm fine, thank you. A: Goodbye B: Goodbye, Janet. See you tomorrow! A: Bye-bye, Peter. Have a nice evening. B: Thanks, you too! A: Thanks. Key Vocabulary Hello... How are you? I'm fine, - OK, - well, thank you

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Goodbye, - bye bye See you tomorrow Have a nice evening/day In a Shop Shopping for a Sweater A: Can I help you? B: Yes, I'm looking for a sweater. A: What size are you? B: I'm an extra large. A: How about this one? B: Yes, that's nice. Can I try it on? A: Certainly, there's the changing rooms over there. B: Thank you. A: How does it fit? B: It's too large. Do you have a large? A: Yes, here you are. B: Thank you. I'll have it, please. A: OK, how would you like to pay? B: Do you take credit cards? A: Yes, we do. Visa, Master Card and American Express. B: OK, here's my Visa. A: Thank you. Have a nice day! B: Thank you, goodbye. Key Vocabulary Can I help you? Can I try it (them) on? size - extra small, small, medium, large, extra large How does it fit? changing rooms How would you like to pay? credit cards At the Airport Checking In A: Good morning. Can I have your ticket, please? B: Here you are. A: Thank you. Would you like smoking or non-smoking? B: Non-smoking, please. A: Would you like a window or an aisle seat? B: An aisle seat, please. A: Do you have any baggage? B: Yes, this suitcase and this carry-on bag. A: Here's your boarding pass. Have a nice flight. B: Thank you. Passport Control A: Good morning. Can I see your passport? B: Here you are. A: Thank you very much. Are you a tourist or on business? B: I'm a tourist.

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A: That's fine. Have a pleasant stay. B: Thank you. Key Vocabulary Can I have your ticket? smoking, non-smoking window, aisle seat baggage, suitcase, carry-on bag boarding pass flight Can I see your passport? tourist, business In a Motel / Hotel Getting a Room for the Night A: Good evening. Can I help you? B: Yes, please. I'd like a room for the night. A: Would you like a single room, or a double room? B: A single room, please. How much is the room? A: It's $55 per night. B: Can I pay by credit card? A: Certainly. We take Visa, Master Card and American Express. Could you fill in this form, please? B: Do you need my passport number? No, just an address and your signature. (fills out the form) Here you are. A: Here's your key. Your room number is 212. B: Thank you. A: Thank you. If you need anything, dial 0 for the reception area. Have a good stay! Key Vocabulary Can I help you I'd like a room single, double room Can I pay by credit card? fill in this form passport number room number reception At a Restaurant Ordering a Meal A: Hi. How are you doing this afternoon? B: Fine, thank you. Can I see a menu, please? A: Certainly, here you are. B: Thank you. What's today's special? A: Grilled tuna and cheese on rye. B: That sounds good. I'll have that. A: Would you like something to drink? B: Yes, I'd like a coke. A: Thank you. (returning with the food) Here you are. Enjoy your meal! B: Thank you.

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A: Can I get you anything else? B: No thanks. I'd like the check (bill - UK English), please. A: That'll be $6.75. B: Here you are. Keep the change! A: Thank you! Have a good day! Bye. Key Vocabulary Can I see a menu? here you are Enjoy your meal! Would you like ... Can I get you anything else? I'd like the check (bill - UK English), please. That'll be $6.75. Have a good day! Social Language Travel Greetings Iată câteva expresii folosite când ne luăm rămas bun de la prieteni sau familie pentru călători scurte sau lungi. Long Trips, Vacations, etc. American English Have a good trip. Enjoy your vacation. Have a good time in (destination) Long Trips, Vacations, etc. British English Have a good journey. Enjoy your holidays. Have a good time in (destination) Short Outings Enjoy! (American English) Have a good time at (destination place such as a restaurant) Have a good time in (destination city) Când prietenii tăi se întorc acasă este politicos să le pui următoarele întrebări: How was your vacation? (holiday in British English) Did you enjoy your time in (destination) How was your journey / flight / trip? Special Days Este normal să se folosească o anumită urare pentru zile speciale, vacanţe sau alte ocazii speciale. Iată câteva din cele mai frecvente: Birthdays Happy birthday! Best wishes / Good luck on your thirtieth (age - use an ordinal number) birthday! Many happy returns!

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Wedding / Anniversary Congratulations! Best wishes / good luck on your tenth (number - use an ordinal number) anniversary! Here's to many more happy years together (folosit când se face un toast) Special Holidays Merry Christmas! Happy New Year / Easter / Hanukkah / Ramadan etc. All the best for a happy New Year / Easter / Hanukkah / Ramadan etc. Când faci o urare unui copil de ziua lui este ceva obişnuit să-i întrebi şi ce au primit: Merry Christmas! What did you get from Santa Claus? Happy Birthday! What did your Daddy get for you? Special Occasions Congratulations on your promotion! All the best for your ... I'm so proud of you! Speaking to Strangers Aici sunt câteva expresii politicoase folosite pentru a atrage atenţia sau a cere ajutor de la oameni necunoscuţi. Folosirea unui limbaj mai formal este normal când vorbiţi cu cineva pe care nu cunoaşteţi: Interrupting Este normal să te scuzi întâi când ceri ajutorul unei alte persoane. Excuse me, could I ... Sorry, do you think I could ... Excuse me, do you know ... I beg your pardon, could you help me? (formal) Asking Someone to Repeat Când ceri informaţii probabil vei întâmpina greutăţi să înţelegi ce se spune, mai ales când este aglomerat şi este mult zgomot în jur (staţii de gară, restaurante, magazine, etc.) Aici sunt câteva expresii uzuale pentru a ruga pe cineva să repete ce a spus: Excuse me, I'm afraid I didn't understand. Could you repeat that? (formal) I'm sorry, I didn't catch that. Circle the correct item: 1. My brother is a___b_____ He works in a hotel.
A pilot B receptionist C postman

2. Red and yellow are___b_____colours.
A first B primary C quiet 3. Write a letter to your________friend. A pencil B book C pen 4. Green is a____a____colour. A secondary B clean C freezing 5. There aren't any blocks of________ in his street. A buildings B flats C houses 6. There are lots of famous ________ in this museum.

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A statues

B castles

C churches

7. There's ________bank in Sue's neighbourhood.
Aa B some C any 8. That's about me. How about you? A good B all C not 9. Paris is the________of France. A place B city C capital 10. I've got a chest of________in my bedroom. A drawers B cushions C pillows 11. Louise and Betty________got a big house. A have got B has C have 12. There's a theatre________her house. A in B near C next 13. My flat is on the________floor. A six B sixth C sixteen 14. I brush my teeth in the________ A bathroom B living room C garden 15. They've got a white cat. It's________cat. A their B they C they're 16. The table is________of the sofa. A in front B next C near 17. „What is your________?” „It's WS3 3ML.” A address B postcode C floor 18. Has Mrs Blake got four________? A child B childs C children 19. Danny's got lots of ________ . A toy B toy's C toys 20. Patty likes________ . A strawberry's B strawberries C strawberrys 21. We want some A potatoes B potatos C potato 22. This is the________car. A man's B mans C men 23. Our house________four bedrooms. A 've got B 's got C got 24. I ________a CD player but I've got a computer. A 've got B haven't got C hasn't got 25. There is a________cabinet near my bed. A bed B bedside C bedroom 26. She's got a big________in her bedroom. A tap B hall C wardrobe 27. I like this house. When can I move________ A at B on C in 28. The living room is________big. A great B quiet C quite 29. This laptop belongs to Melissa. It's ________laptop. A her B his C its 30. The tiger is 2,5 m_______ . A long B short C big 31. „Have they got a TV in their bedroom?” „Yes, they_______”

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A have

B have got

C 've got

32. The garage is_______the house.
A behind B in front C next 33. These are the_______hats. A women's B womans C women 34. Can a turtle fly?” „No, it_______” A can B can't C can not 35. A duck can't climb trees but it_______fly. A can not B can't C can 36. A jockey works on a_______ . A farm B racecourse C aquarium 37. A dentist_______after people's teeth. A takes B puts C looks 38. Robert can swim but he _______ play the piano. A cannot B can C do 39. Kate _______the bus to work every morning. A catch B catchs C catches 40. Ann does her homework _______ the afternoons. A in B at C on 41. Beth goes to the gym _______ the evenings. A in B at C on 42. „What time is it?” „It's half _______eight.” A to B past C for 43. Lyn _______ all her time with her dog. A takes B gives C spends 44. A pilot_______aeroplanes. A fly B flys C flies 45. Look at the dolphin! I want to_______a picture. A have B take C make 46. What does your dog________like? A look B is C can 47. „Excuse me, have you got the_______?” „It's 7:30.” A time B clock C hours 48. My brother is scared_______snakes. A for B of C on 49. He's here about the house for________ A buy B rent C take 50. Our kitchen is_______ - fashioned. A modern B new C old 51. Chris plays football_______ the weekend. A in B at C on 52. They have lunch_______ 2 o'clock. A on B in C at 53. Cobras. A can't _______ hear music at all. A can’t B can C does

Vocabulary

44

Fill in the correct word.
• catch • gym • brush • lunch • weekend • birthday • plump • beard • honest • summer • favourite
e.g. Does he catch the bus to school?

1............................Laura is very
2 Mrs Blake is tall and a bit ........................................... 3 He goes to the .....................................on Fridays. 4 My uncle has got a...............................and a moustache.

She never lies to people.

5.......................My dad's

is on 19th March

6 .......................................is my favourite season. 7 They usually have .......................................at 1:30. 8 I....................................................................my teeth in the morning at night.

9........................................Do you play football at the 10Blue is my .....................................................colour. Circle the correct item.
e.g. We sometimes ................................skiing in winter.

A

go

B

play

C

walk

1. Greg always............................to the gym in the evening.

A go B goes C doesn't go 2. ......................She has got A tall B curly C big

hair.

3. Cindy usually ............................ videos in the evening. A looks B reads C watches 4......................Liz sleeps on Sundays. A long B often C late 5..................Chris basketball on Fridays. A catches B plays C goes
Underline the correct word:
1. Sue goes to the theatre in/on Sundays. 2. Jenny goes swimming in/on summer. 3. Do you stay up late on/in Saturdays?

4. They go to the park in/on Wednesday afternoons.

Fill in do, does, don't or doesn't.
e.g. A: Does Marco come from France? B: No, he doesn't. He comes from Italy. A: ____________ you play football on Saturdays? B: No, I____________ I play tennis on Saturdays. A: ____________ Michael and Joan live in London? B: Michael ____________, but Joan____________ . She lives in Oxford.

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A: ____________ you and Steve watch TV every evening? B: Well, I ____________, but Steve ____________. He usually reads a book. A: ____________ Mary walk to work? B: No, she ____________ always drives to work.

Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.
e.g. makes / winter / a / Paul / in , snowman sometimes Paul sometimes makes a snowman in winter. Sundays / he / on / late / sleeps / never ______________________________________________________ TV / they / evening / watch / usually /in / the ______________________________________________________

Communication

Match the questions to the answers to complete the dialogue.
e.g. What do you do in your free time? C A No, I don't, but I watch him on TV. B No, I don't. I play on Tuesdays and Sundays C I play football. D Yes, I do. My favourite player is David Beckham.

1. Really? Do you have a favourite player? 2. Do you go and watch him play? 3. Do you play football every day?

Reading

Read the article and answer the questions.
Jude Law is a famous British actor. He was born in 1972. He lives in London. Jude's family is very nice. His father's name is Peter and his mother's name is Maggie. Jude has got a sister. Her name is Natasha. Jude is a very handsome man. He is tall. He has got short brown hair and blue eyes. Jude is calm and friendly. He has got many friends and his fans like him a lot. Jude hasn't got much free time. When he has, though, he likes going to the beach, spending time with his pet and staying at home. Jude is a great actor. He is one of Britain's best. e.g. Where's Jude from? Great Britain What is his job? _____________________________________________________________________ Where does he live? _____________________________________________________________________ What is his sister's name? _____________________________________________________________________ What does Jude look like? _____________________________________________________________________ What does he do in his free time? _____________________________________________________

Fill in the correct word.
• loaf • bunch • kilo • slice • food • bakery • glass • dairy • vegetable e.g. There is a fast food restaurant over there. 1. Can I have a small _______________ of bananas, please? 2. Excuse me. Where is the _______________ section? 3. We've got only one_______________of bread. 4. I ' d like a_______________of lemons, please.

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5. 6. 7. 8.

Would you like a_______________of cake. As a starter, I'd like some_______________soup. Is there a_______________near here? A_______________of water, please!

Grammar

Fill in some or any.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
e.g. Would you like some tea? We need to buy______________bread. We haven't got______________apples. There aren't______________ bananas on the table. Can you buy______________peaches, please? Is there ______________ cheese in the fridge? Mary wants to buy______________grapes.

Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.
e.g. eat / burger / don't / the! Don't eat the burger! the / don't / close / door_____________________________________________________ Carol / give / cake / some_____________________________________________________ buy / don't / pineapples / any_____________________________________________________ lemonade / drink / don't / the _____________________________________________________ drop / don't / drinks / the _____________________________________________________ down / sit / over / here _____________________________________________________

Underline the correct word. e.g. Can I have a bottle/bowl of Coke, please?
Where can I buy any/some bananas? How many/much apples have you got? Can you buy a kilo/bunch of potatoes? We haven't got much/many cheese left. How many/much butter do we need? Do you need any/much bread?

Match the questions to the answers.
e.g. Can I help you? What else can I do for you? ________ Where is the cheese? soup to start with. Can I take your order? That's €5.40, please. How much are these? well. ________ ________ ________ ________ F A. In the dairy section.

B.

Yes. I'd like the chicken

C. Here you are. D. They're 50 cents each. E. I'd like some oranges as F.
Yes, where can I find

shampoo?

Proverbs/Jokes 47

When you are in Rome, do as Rome does. First think and then say. Live and learn. Promise little and do much. Rome = Roma do as Rome does = fă aşa cum face Roma little = puţin to think = a gândi to promise = a promite first = (mai) întâi

“What is your name?” the teacher asks. “My name is Betty Brown.” “And what’s your father’s name?” the teacher asks again “His name is William Brown,” the girl answers. “How old are you?” asks the teacher. “I am seven years old.” “And how old do you think I am?” the teacher asks the girl. “I don’t know,” Betty says. “I can only count up to fifty-five.” to answer = a răspunde to count up = a număra Nick: Let’s play Adam and Eve. Lily: How do you play that? Nick: You ask me to eat you’re apple and I eat it. to ask = a cere, a ruga, a invita Teacher: Tommy, can you tell me what a hypocrite is? Tommy: I think it’s a boy who comes to school with a smile on his face.

Lecţia 5

Substantivul Gen. Număr. Genitiv Posesiv. Numărul Substantivelor

GEN. NUMĂR. GENITIV POSESIV În limba engleză, substantivele sunt de trei genuri: 1. substantivele de gen masculin sunt cele care denumesc fiinţele de sex bărbătesc: man, boy, actor, husband 2. substantive de gen feminin care denumesc fiinţele de gen feminin: woman, girl, wife 3. substantive de gen neutru denumesc obiecte şi abstracţiuni: book, chair, table, ball, nature 48

În limba engleză se poate vorbi de un al patrulea gen – genul comun, care are aceeiaşi formă pentru masculin şi feminin. Exemple: cousin = verişor, verişoară child = copil, copilă friend = prieten, prietenă neighbour =vecin, vecină passenger = trecător, trecătoare hairdresser = coafor, coafeză teacher = professor, profesoară Substantivele feminine sunt reprezentate în limba engleză prin: 1. O formă total diferită de aceea folosită pentru masculin: boy = băiat man = bărbat husband = soţ nephew = nepot uncle = unchi king = rege bachelor = celobatar cock = cocoş drake = răţoi gander = gâscan ram = berbec bull = taur horse = cal actor = actor heir = moştenitor prince = prinţ emperor = împărat god = zeu duke = duce lion = leu tiger = tigru girl = fată woman = femeie wife = soţie niece = nepoată aunt = mătuşă queen = regină spinster = celibatară hen = găină duck = raţă goose = gâscă ewe = oaie cow = vacă mare = iapă actress = actriţă heiress = moştenitoare princess = pinţesă empress = împărăteasă goddess = zeiţă duchess = ducesă lioness = leoaică tigress = tigroaică 49

2. Sufixul cel mai des folosit este ess, aşa cum reiese din exemple:

master = stăpân patron = patron editor = editor administrator = administrator testator = testator widower = văduv czar = ţar sultan = sultan shepherd = păstor waiter = chelner

mistress = stăpână patroness = patroană editress = editoare administratrix = administratoare testatrix = testatară widow = văduvă czarina = ţarină sultana = sultană shepherdess = păstoriţă waitress = chelneriţă

3. Genul indicat printr-un cuvânt care indică sexul: man, woman, lady, girl, male, female, etc. boy friend = prieten shop boy = vânzător grand son = nepot male child = copil man servant = servitor doctor = doctor Pentru animale: pea cock = păun turkey cock = curcan he goat = ţap pea hen = păuniţă turkey hen = curcă she goat = capră NUMĂRUL SUBSTANTIVELOR În general, pluralul se formează prin adăugarea unui –s la singular: fork = furculiţă spoon = lingură forks spoons girl friend = prietenă shop girl = vânzătoare grand daughter = nepoată female child = copilă female servant = servitoare maid servant lady doctor = doctoriţă

Următoarele excepţii se explică prin regulile ortografice: 1. Când substantivul se termină în –s, -ss, -x, -ch, -sh, -sz pluralul se formează prin adăugarea terminaţiei es: bus – buses = autobuz + pl. glass – glasses = pahar + pl. 50

class – classes = clasă + pl. box – boxes =cutie + pl. inch – inches = uncie + pl. church – churches =biserică + pl. bush – bushes =tufiş + pl. În substantivele în care ch se pronunţă k, pluralul urmează regula generală: monarch – monarchs = monarh + pl. epoch – epochs = epocă + pl. 1. Substantivele terminate în o precedat de consoană formează în general pluralul în –es . potato – potatoes = cartof + pl. tomato – tomatoes = tomată + pl. cargo – cargoes = încărcătură + pl. fresco – frescoes = frescă + pl. hero – heroes = erou + pl. Excepţie fac cuvintele nou provenite din alte limbi: canto – cantos = canto + pl. solo – solos = solo + pl. casino – casinos = cazinou + pl. piano – pianos = pian + pl. mosquito – mosquitos sau mosquitoes = ţânţar + pl. tobacco – tobaccos sau tobaccoes = tutun + pl. 2. Substantivele terminate în y precedate de consoană fac pluralul în –ies. family – families = familie + pl. city – cities = oraş + pl. country – countries = ţară + pl. university – universities = universitate + pl. Când y este precedat de vocală, pluralul este regulat: boy – boys day – days 3. Unele substantive terminate în f sau fe formează pluralul în ves: leaf – leaves = frunză + pl. sheaf – sheaves = snop + pl. self – selves = individualitate, eu + pl. loaf – loaves = pâine integrală + pl. 51

hoof – hooves sau hoofs = copită + pl. calf – calves = viţel + pl. shelf – shelves = raft + pl. wolf – wolves = lup + pl. elf – elves = zână + pl. half – halves = jumătate + pl. knife – knives =cuţit + pl. life – lives =viaţă + pl. wife – wives = soţie + pl. Dar majoritatea substantivelor în f sau fe au pluralul regulat: proof – proofs = probă + pl. roof- roofs = acoperiş + pl. safe – safes = garanţie + pl. handkerchief – handkerchiefs = batistă + pl. chief – chifs = şef + pl. 4. Următoarele substantive îşi schimbă forma la plural child – children = copil + pl. man – men = bărbat + pl. tooth – teeth = dinte + pl. foot – feet = picior + pl. goose – geese = gâscă + pl. mouse – mice = şoarece + pl. louse – lice = păduche + pl. ox – oxen = bou + pl. 5. Unele substantive sunt invariabile: advice = sfat business = afacere furniture = mobilă income = venit knowledge = cunoaştere luggage = bagaj progress = progress information = informaţii wealth = bogăţie 52

sheep = oaie deer = căprioară fish = peşte hair = păr Unele dintre substantivele menţionate mai sus au înţeles colectiv şi pt a putea reda idea unui singur element, se însoţesc de un cuvânt ajutător. Ex. a piece of furniture 6. Unele substantive au însă numai formă de plural: clothes = haine pyjamas = pijamale scissors = foarfece trousers = pantaloon thanks = mulţumiri tidings = noutăţi, ştiri spectacles = ochelari mathematics = matematici linguistics = lingvistică news = veste, ştire means = mijloc Substantivele news şi means se folosesc ca sens de singular. This news is true. = Vestea aceasta este adevărată. By this means = în felul acesta, prin acest mijloc Mai există unele substantive cu semne de plural, dar formă de singular: there were many cattle on the hill = erau multe vite pe deal many people like swimming = multor oameni le place înotul his orchard was full of poultry = curtea îi era plină de păsări Când substantivul people se foloseşte cu înţeles de popor, atunci la plural devine – peoples. All the peoples fight for peace. = Toate popoatele luptă pentru pace. 7. Numele de popoare formează pluralul adăugând terminaţia s, dar cele terminate în s, sh, ch, ss sau ese rămân invariabile la plural şi şi se compun dintr-un adjective şi substantivul men respectiv woman, pluralul marcându-se numai la substantive men, women. Italian(s) = italian American(s) = american 53

German(s) = german Spanish = spaniol Portuguese = portughez Swiss = elveţian Englishman, Englishmen (pl) Frenchman, Frenchmen (pl) Toate substantivele şi adjectivele indicând nume de popoare se scriu în limba engleză cu majuscule. Ex. Romanians speak Romanian. IRREGULAR PLURALS
Singular man woman child foot tooth mouse person Plural men women children feet teeth mice people

EXERCISES I. Fill in the correct form of the plural. Example: school - ______ Answer: school – schools

1. half 2. kilo 3. woman 4. foot 5. mouth 6. sheep 7. penny 8. bus 9. day 10. fish III. Fill in the correct form of the plural. Example: school - ______ Answer: school – schools

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1. tomato 2. tooth 3. aircraft 4. chorus 5. mouse 6. crisis 7. passer-by 8. radius 9. grown-up IV. Fill in the correct plural forms of the given words into the gaps. Singular shop mouth cross computer roof tax sheep light fish potato prize swiss kilo box dish Plural

V. Fill in the following words in order to form useful phrases: advice, chocolate, jam, lemonade, meat, milk, oil, rice, tea, tennis Example: a cube of _____ Answer: 1. a piece of 2. a packet of 3. a bar of 4. a glass of 5. a cup of 6. a bottle of 7. a slice of 8. a barrel of 9. a game of 10. a jar of 55 a cube of sugar

VI. Write the plural of the words below. an arch → two arches a country → a puppy → a box → a knife → a torch → a tomato → a foot → a tooth → a mouse →

VII. Match the pairs and say which is singular and which is plural. book child city man leaf cities buses leaves men books children bus

VIII. Rewrite in the plural.
e.g. It is a knife. → They are knives. It is a potato. → She is a woman. → He is a man. → It is a strawberry. → I am a boy. →

Progress Check 1. Choose the correct word. 1.This is ____________ apple. A. an B. a 2. Lyn and Tim ____________ eighteen. A. are B. is 3. This is John. ______________ is ten. A. She B. He 4. It______________ a book. A are B is 5 He______________ three years old. A is B are 6 This is Sara and Jill. ______________ are my friends. A We B They 7 This is ______________ orange. A an Ba 8 This is ______________ goldfish. Aa B an

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9 My name is Kim. ______________ am thirteen. A You BI 10 This is Mark. ______________ is my brother. A It B He 2. Circle the correct response. 1. A: This is my pet dog, Rusty. B: a How old is he? b What's his name? 2. A: My name's Jane Smithers. B: a I'm eleven. And you? b How do you spell that? 3. A: Hello. B: a Goodbye. b Hi. 4. A: How old is she? B: a Three years old. b He's four. 5. A: I How old are you? B: a I'm fine. b I'm ten. 6. A: What's your name? B: a She's Anna. b Bob Turner. 7. A: Goodbye. B: a OK. b See you. 8. A: Hi, Pam. B: a Bye. b Hi. 9. A: What colour is your goldfish? B: a Blue. b Orange. 10. A: I'm ten. And you? B: a I'm nine. b It's four years old.

3. Circle the correct item. The fridge is under / near the cooker. There is a desk in / on my bedroom. There is a sink / wardrobe in the bathroom. There is a pillow on the bed / bath. When can I move in / near? There is a tap in the bathroom / bedroom. The bathroom is at / on the end of the hall. The garden is under / behind the house. There is a bedside cabinet next to / under the bed. Paul is on / in the garden. 4. Chose the correct item.
a. I................a computer, but my brother has. A hasn't got B haven't got b. 2 This is................camera. A Jane's B Janes'

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c. There are two................of bread on the table. A loafs B loaves d. They................a big garden at their house, but we haven't. A have got B has got e. That is the................ball. It's their ball. A boy's B boys' f. ................you got a big house? A Has B Have g. The................are in the garden. A child B children h. The................are in the cupboard. A glasses B glass i. This is Mrs................car. It's her car. A Greens' B Green's j. There are two................on the bedside cabinet. A brushs B brushes

Proverbs You cannot be young and old at the same time. I cannot be your friend and your flatterer too. Guests are thieves of time. Everything is good in its season at the same time = în acelaşi timp flatterer = linguşitor guest = oaspete, musafir All is well that it ends well. All is not gold that glitters. Where there is a will there is a way. Barking dogs seldom bite. that = care, aici când to end = a swe termina to glitter = a străluci will = voinţă

thief = hoţ; thieves = hoţi in its season = la timpul său

way = cale barking = care latră seldom = rar, arareori to bite = a muşca

Lecţia 6

ADJECTIVUL ŞI COMPARAŢIA ADJECTIVULUI
1. Adjectivul este invariabil în gen şi număr: a good actor = un actor bun a good actress = o actriţă bună a good book = o carte bună a good teacher = un professor bun good students = studenţi buni good habits = obiceiuri bune 58

2. Locul adjectivului este în genere înaintea substantivului, aşa cum se vede din exemplele paragrafului precedent. Excepţii: a) Unele adjective calificative însă se pot aşeza după substantivul pe care-l determină, acesta pentru a sublinia mai mult calitatea respectivă: People arrived for the occasion from the cities far and near. = Pentru această ocazie oamneii au venit din toate oraşele cele apropiate şi cele de departe. b) Adjectivul urmat de un complement sau prepoziţie în strânsă legătură cu el, se plasează după substantive: A hall full of people = o sală plină de lume It is a matter too urgent to be put off any longer = este o chestiune prea urgentă pentru a fi amînată c) În expresiile pereche de obicei de origine latină, adjectivul este precedat de substantiv a knight errant = un cavaler rătăcitor the Governor General = guvernatorul general a Court Martial = un tribunal militar Asia Minor = Asia Mică a lion couchant = un leu culcat alone singur, este precedat de un substantiv: His silence alone is sufficient proof = tăcerea lui însăşi este acuzatoare The whole family lived on his salary alone = toată familia trăia numai din salariul lui for this week alone = numai pentru această săptămână În apoziţiile nume istorice aadjectivul este precedat de substantive: Henry the Third =Henric al III-lea William the Conqueror = William Cuceritorul Michael the Brave = Mihal Viteazul 3. Adjectivul mai poate face parte din predicat, pentru a completa înţelesul unui verb cauzativ şi arată rezultatul acţiunii verbului: All men are mortal. = toţi oamenii sunt muritori She became very rich = ea s-a îmbogăţit tare Leave the page blank = lasă foaia albă Comparaţi: 59

Sweet is pleasure after pain. = dulce este plăcerea după durere 4. Adjectivul nu poate să joace rol de substantive la singular decât referindu-se la o clasă citată în prealabil şi rolul de a determina noi exemple. În acest caz este urmat de un substantive sau de pronume, de obicei one (pl. ones): my two dresses, the red (one) and the blue (one) = rochiile mele cea roşie şi cea albastră two boxes of matches, one large and one small = două cutii de chibrituri una mare şi una mică a nice person = o persoană plăcută the poor little child = bietul copilaş Pentru înţelesul de plural se poate suprima substantivul sau pronumele dar adjectivul ste precedat de articolul hotărât: the rich = bogaţii the poor = săracii the young = tinerii the old = bătrânii De reţinut folosirea adjectivelor opuse în expresie fără articol. Exemplu: old and young = cu toţii tineri şi bătrâni Pentru a indica la plural un grup de indivizi în mod special este necesar să se adaoge adjectivul pe care-l determină, ca şi la plural: the impudent fellows just laughed = insolenţii tocmai râdeau 5. Din exemplele precedente, am văzut că adjectivele invariabile la plural chiar când se folosesc de substantive, totuţi unele adjective s-au transformat în substantive pure care primesc desinenţa pluralului: Exemple: the ancients = anticii the moderns = modernii your betters = superiorii tăi sweets = dulciuri bitters = băuturi amare valuables = obiecte de valoare

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6. Adjectivul nehotărât some folosit la afirmativ se transformă în any la interogativ şi no la negative: There are some flowers on the piano = pe pian se află nişte flori Is there anything strange about that? = este ceva ciudat în asta? I It’s nothing serious. = nu este nimic serios GRADELE DE COMPARAŢIE 1. Adjectivele formate din mai mult de două silabe şi majoritatea celor două din două silabe, formează comparativul şi superlativul în mod analog limbii române, mai fiind more şi cel mai the most. Exemple: beautiful, frumos, more beautiful, mai frumos, the most beautiful, cel mai frumos brilliant, more brilliant, the most brilliant = scânteietor popular, more popular, the most popular = popular interesting, more interesting, the most interesting = interesant careful, more careful, the most careful = atent dangerous, more dangerous, the most dangerous = periculos Toate adjectivele terminate în ful (prescurtare din full – plin) formează gradele de comparaţie numai în acest fel. 2. Adverbele more şi most ajută la formarea gradelor de comparaţie şi a unor adjective scurte: Exemplu: more dry În general însă, adjectivele scurte formează comparativul adăugând sufixul er şi superlativul adăugând sufixul est, ţinându-se seama de regulile de ortografie. Exemple: long - longer – longest =lung short – shorter- the shortest = scurt cold – colder – the coldest = rece large – larger – the largest = mare 61

happy – happier – the happiest = fericit lovely – lovelier – loveliest = drăguţ clever – cleverer – the cleverest = deştept narrow – narrower - -the narrowest = îngust De observat că atunci când este vorba de o comparaţie între două atribute referitoare la aceiaşi persoană sau lucru, de obicei se foloseşte construcţia cu more. Exemplu: He is more sly than clever. = El este mai şiret decât deştept. 3. Unele adjective formează comparativul şi superlativul în mod neregulat: good, bun – better, mai bun – the best, cel mai bun bad, rău – worse, mai rău – the worst, cel mai rău late, târziu – later, mai târziu – the latest, ultimul, cel mai recent latter = al doilea, - the last = ultimul, cel mai recent much, mult – more, mai mult – the most, cel mai mult many = mulţi old, vechi – older, mai vechi- the oldest, cel mai vechi, bătrân – elder, mai în vârstă, the eldest, cel mai în vârstă

Exemple pentru formele derivate ale lui late: last week = săptămâna trecută Later events proved that he was right. = evenimentele care au urmat au arătat că avea dreptate. The author says tha his latest book will be his last. = autorul spune că ultima carte (cea mai recentă) pe care a publicat-o va fi ultima (nu va mai continua să scrie) The ladies talked about the latest fashion. = doamnele vorbesc despre moda zilei The latter half of June. = partea a doua a lunii iunie The organist and the sexten were both old men. = organistul şi paraclisierul erau amândoi bătrâni Elder şi eldest se folosesc numai pentru personae, în mod special pentru membrii aceleiaşi familii.

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Elder este precedat de articol sau adjective posesive ori demonstrative. Nu este niciodată urmat de than. Pentru personae putem folosi şi older (comparativ), oldest (superlativ). Exemple: The three elder children. = Cei trei copii mai mari Who is elder John or Mary? = Cine este mai mare, John sau Mary? John is the elder. = John este mai mare. John is elder than Mary. = John este mai mare decât Maria. Kate is the eldest of the family. = Kate este cea mai bătrână din familie. This woman is the eldest in the village. = Această femeie este cea mai bătrână din sat. 4. După comparativ, al doilea termen este introdus de than: Hugh is taller than Richard. = Hugh este mai înalt decât Richard. He has more than twenty horses. = El are mai mult de douăzeci de cai. După superlativ, al doilea termen este introdus de of şi câteodată de in. Exemple: Jack is the tallest of the boys. = Jack este cel mai înalt dintre băieţi. He is certainly the best of the teachers. = El este cu siguranţă cel mai bun dintre profesori. DAR She is the best pianist in the district. = Ea este cea mai bună pianistă din ţinut. Mary is the youngest in the family. = Mary este cea mai tânără din familie.

Opposite Adjectives Match the adjectives on the left with their opposite on the right
new white good nice big short expensive fantastic cheap old ugly black bad small horrible long

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Find the opposite of the adjectives
easier safer more boring better more expensive cleaner sadder more useful more dangerous worse more useless more difficult dirtier more interesting cheaper happier

TĂRI ŞI NAŢIONALITĂŢI I am … He is... She is... It is... We are... You are... They are... Is he... Is she... Is it... I'm... He's... She's... It's... We're... You're... They're... Is he Swiss? Is she Egyptian? Is it Italian? I'm American. He's Austrian. She's Brazilian. It's German. We're Romanian. You're Spanish. They're French.

Pronumele it se foloseste numai pentru obiecte si animale; pentru oameni se folosesc he/she.

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Are you... Are they... I am not... He is not... She is not... It is not... We are not... You aren't... They are not...

Are you Russian? Are they Dutch? I'm not... He isn't... I'm not Turkish. He isn't Japanese. She isn't British. It isn't Swedish. We aren't Belgian.

She isn't... It isn't... We aren't...

You are not... You aren't Canadian. They aren't... They aren't German. I'm from San Diego, California. I'm from Canada. He's from Korea. He's Korean.

Where are you from? Where are you from? Where is Mr. Sung from?

Where is Miss Salazar from? She's from Portugal. She's Portuguese. Where are Mr. and Mrs. Avellaneda from? They're from Argentina. They're Argentinean. Are you English? Is Miss Flagstad Norwegian? Is Mr. Faisal Saudi? Is this a German engine? Is this Romanian wine? Are these Irish songs? Are these Italian shoes? EXERCISES No, I'm not English. I'm American. No, she isn't Norwegian. She's Danish. Yes, he's Saudi Arabian. Yes, it's German. No, it isn't Romanian. It's French. No, they aren't Irish. They're Scottish. Yes, they're Italian.

Are Mr. and Mrs. Sen Vietnamese? No, they aren't Vietnamese. They're Malaysian.

I. Rewrite the sentence putting the adverb given in brackets into its proper position.
Example: He plays on the computer. (always) Answer: He always plays on the computer. 1. He listens to the radio. (often) ______________________________________ 2. They read a book. (sometimes) ______________________________________ 65

3. Pete gets angry. (never) ______________________________________ 4. Tom is very friendly. (usually) ______________________________________ 5. I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) ______________________________________ 6. Ramon is hungry. (often) ______________________________________ 7. My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) ______________________________________ 8. Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually) ______________________________________ 9. They watch TV in the afternoon. (never) ______________________________________ 10. Christine smokes after dinner. (seldom) ______________________________________

II. Chose the right word 1. hot _____________________________ 2. black _____________________________ 3. heavy _____________________________ 4. slow _____________________________ 5. easy _____________________________ 6. good _____________________________ 7. nice _____________________________ 8. round _____________________________

1. white _____________________________ 2. hard _____________________________ 3. fast _____________________________ 4. bad _____________________________ 6. nasty _____________________________

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7. square_____________________________ 8. light ______________________________

III. Fill in the missing words into the gaps.
Positive Expensive Wild Flat Big Hard Hungry Sweet Pretty Boring Fresh Comparative Superlative

IV. Fill in the missing words into the gaps.
Positive Fragile Furious Deep Empty common Faithful Busy Humorous Patient Excited Comparative Superlative

DIALOGURI Personal Information (Two friends filling in a form together) Jim: Your painting is fantastic Roger! Roger: I'm happy you like it. It's for a competition. Here's the form. Jim: Right. OK, here are the questions.... Your hands are dirty. Roger: ... from painting! What are the questions? Here's a pen (gives him a pen to fill the form in) Jim: What's your name? Roger: oh, that's difficult ... Roger! Jim: Ha, ha. What's your surname?Roger: I'm not sure ...

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Jim: very funny! OK, surname - Tailor Roger: Yes, that's it! Jim: next question please. Are you married or single? Roger: Single. I'm sure about that! Jim: What's your address? Roger: 72 London Road. Jim: and what are your hobbies? Roger: hmmm.... The Meeting (Two workers in an office) James: Hi Alice. How are you today? Alice: Hi James. I'm fine, and you? James: Great, thank you. Remember, the meeting is at 3 o'clock. Alice: Excuse me, which meeting? James: Which meeting?! The meeting with the boss! Alice: Are you sure there is a meeting today? James: Alice, Alice, every month there is a meeting with a boss. This month that meeting is this afternoon. Alice: Calm down. OK, there's a meeting this afternoon. What time is it? James: Alice, this is important. The meeting is at three o'clock sharp! Alice: Thank you James... By the way, what time is it now? James: It's quarter past eleven. PROVERBS Better late than never, but better never late. Better an egg today than a ten tomorrow. One “today” is better than ten “tomorrows”. He laughs best who laughs last. The devil is not so black as he is painted. to laugh = a râde painted = zugrăvit devil = drac

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JOKES In a newspaper there was the following matrimonial advertisement: Gentleman, owner of a car made in 1983, wants a wife younger than his car. gentleman = domn owner = posesor made = făcut, fabricat following = următor matrimonial = matrimonial advertisement = anunţ Two young

girls are talking: “I wonder what is more impolite for a boy, to accost a girl or to neglect her?” to wonder = a se întreba to neglect = a neglija to accost = a acosta impolite = nepoliticos SOCIAL WORKER QUOTES • Action indeed is the sole medium of expression for ethics.” Jane Addams quotes (American pacifist, Social worker and Founder of Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in North America. Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931. 18601935) • “The good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life.” Jane Addams • “Civilization is a method of living, an attitude of equal respect for all men” Jane Addams • “You do not know what life means when all the difficulties are removed! I am simply smothered and sickened with advantages. It is like eating a sweet dessert the first thing in the morning.” Jane Addams

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TONGUE TWISTER
sounds-phonems Pp Bb TONGUE TWISTER Piter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. If Piter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, How many pickled peppers did Piter Piper pick? Betty bought some butter, but the butter Betty bought was bitter, so Betty bought some better butter, and the better butter Betty bought was better than the bitter butter Betty bought before! Betty bought some some bitter butter and it made her batter bitter, so Betty bought some better butter to make her bitter batter better. Red rabbits run rapidly. Little lousy lions. We wink wildly. Toy boat.Toy boat. Toy boat. Fat frogs flying past fast. A big black bug bit a big black bear, made the big black bear bleed blood. How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a wood chuck could chuck wood? He would chuck, he would, as much as he could, and chuck as much wood as a woodchuck would if a woodchuck could chuck wood. Fuzzy Wuzzy was a bear, Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair, Fuzzy Wuzzy wasn't very fuzzy, Fuzzy Wuzzy was a bear Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair Fuzzy Wuzzy wasn't very fuzzy, was he? She sells seashells on the seashore. The seashells she sells are seashore seashells. Sally sells seashells on the seashore. The seashells Sally sells are seashore seashells. I saw a saw in Arkansas, that would outsaw any saw I ever saw, and if you got a saw that will outsow the saw I saw in Arkansas let me see your saw.

Rr u oy/oa f/fr/fl b/bl u/oo

s/z

sh/s

a/au

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OBJECTIVE: to say each tongue twister faster and faster without laughing, drotling or misprononciating any of the words.

Lecţia 7 ADJECTIVUL SI PRONUMELE DEMONSTRATIV

1. Adjectivele şi pronumele demonstrative sunt: this – acest, aceasta, these – aceste, aceşti, that – acel, aceea, those – acei, acele. Pronumele demonstrative (Demonstrative pronouns) sunt: this = acesta, aceasta That book is yours and this (one) is mine = Cartea aceasta este a ta, iar acesta este a mea. that = acela, acela This book is mine and that (one) is yours. = Cartea aceaste este a mea, iar aceea este a ta. these = aceştia, acestea Those books are mine and these (ones) are yours. = Cărţile acelea sunt ale mele, iar acestea sunt ale tale. Those players are good but these (ones) are better = Jucătorii aceia sunt bini, dar aceştia sunt mai buni. those = aceia, acela These players are very good but those (ones) aren’t. = Jucătorii aceştia sunt foarte buni, dar aceia nu sunt. This şi these indică aporpiere a obiectului în timp şi spaţiu faţă de persoana care vorbeşte. this book – această carte that book – aceea carte this year – anul acesta these books – aceste cărţi those books – acele cărţi that year – anul acela, trecut sau viitor

this tune is delightful – melodia aceasta este încântătoare these houses are larger than those – casele acestea sunt mai mari decât acelea

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the landscape in the mountains is more attractive than that in the plains – priveliştea din munţi este mai atrăgătoare decât aceea din câmpie Those are your tennis balls, these are mine – acestea sunt mingile voastre de tennis, acestea sunt ale mele Please, give him, this – te rog, dă-i aceasta What do you think of that? – ce crezi despre aceasta? Dacă adjectivul demonstrativ se referă la mai mult de un substantive nu este necesar să fie repetat. Exemple: This man and woman – acest bărbat şi această femeie A nu se confunda forma singulară a pronumelui demonstrative that cu that – care, pronume relativ. 2. Pronumele demonstrative aceasta, acesta, aceea, acel, se poate omite în construcţia genitivului posesiv. This house is my brother’s – casa aceasta este a fratelui meu That handbag is my sister’s – poşeta aceea este a surorii mele Se poate omite substantivul însoţit de genitivul ‘s, când în aceiaşi propoziţie a fost deja amintit şi astfel se evită repetiţia: This car is faster than your wife’s – maşina lui este mai rapidă decât a soţiei sale. I bought my books and my sister’s – am adus cărţile mele şi ale surorii mele 3. One(s) este folosit câteodată şi ca pronume demonstrative pentru a se evita repetarea sau drept correspondent al articolului adjectival din limba română, cel, cea (this one) sau ca înlocuitor al unui substantive după adjectivele determinative this, that, which, another, other. Exemple: She took off her hat and put a new one – ea şi-a scos pălăria şi şi-a pus o alta. It’s a fine fish but the one I caught was bigger – este bun peştele dar cel pe care lam prins este mai mare My house is the one on the left - casa mea este aceea de pe stânga Is that the one who sang last time? – este acela care a cântat data trecută? All these books are interesting, this (one) for example – toate cărţile sunt interesante, de exemplu ia-o pe aceasta. 72

MAI REŢINŢI: Her sister was a teacher and she wanted to be one too – sora ei era profesoară şi ea dorea să fie la fel. The little ones – cei mici I’m not one of those (one of those people) who like him – nu sunt dintre aceea (unul dintre) care-l plac

4. Notaţi traducerea pronumelui demonstrativ englez în următoarele cazuri: You will be sorry for this – are să-ţi pară rău pentru aceasta It was like this - aşa s-a întâmplat This is what he told me – aceasta este ce mi-a spus That is what he told me. – aceasta este ce mi-a spus “What did he tell you?” – Oh, this and that. – ce ţi-a povestit? – Oh, una alta. I had heard of it before this – auzisem despre asta mai înainte It ought to have been done before this – trebuia să fie făcută de mai înainte This is something like a meal – acesta este ceea ce se cheamă un prânz And that’s all – şi cu asta, gata, am terminat Is this (that) all the luggage you are taking? – este acesta tot bagajul? Is this (that) where she lives? – aici locuieşte ea? Is that you John? – tu eşti John? What do you mean by that? – ce vrei să spui cu asta? This, that and the other – ba una, ba alta, când una, când alta There is no such thing! – nu există aşa ceva Don’t do that – să nu faci aşa ceva EXERCIŢII Exerciţiul 1 Transformaţi propoziţiile următoare după exemplul de mai jos: Ex. This is my cat. This cat belongs to me. 1. Those are your books. __________________________________________________

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2. That is their ball. __________________________________________________ 3. Is this your house? __________________________________________________ 4. That is Mary’s dog. __________________________________________________ 5. Are these your coats? __________________________________________________

Exerciţiul 2 Transformaţi propoziţiile de mai jos, folosind pronumele demonstrative după următorul model: Model: This car is red. This is a red car. 1. This door is open. __________________________________________________ 2. Those windows are closed. __________________________________________________ 3. These buildings are modern. __________________________________________________ 4. Those boys are naughty. __________________________________________________ Exerciţiul 3 Completaţi spaţiile libere cu pronumele demonstrative corespunzătoare: 1. Is ____________ all she has to say? 2. ____________ is my younger sister. 3. ____________ is what she said. 4. ____________ is the fate of an ordinary man. 5. I’d do ____________ 6. ____________ is what I am going to do right now.

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Exerciţiul 4 Traduceţi în limba română următoarele popoziţii: a) There’s a squirrel in the tree. ______________________________________________________ b) There’s the squirrel in the tree. __________________________________________________ c) There’s the man I was telling you about. __________________________________________________ d) There’s John! __________________________________________________ e) There’s John in the tree. __________________________________________________ f) There’s a letter and two messages for you. __________________________________________________ g) There are a letter and two messages for you. __________________________________________________ h) There are two messages and a letter for you. __________________________________________________ i) There are a load of messages for you. __________________________________________________ j) There’s a load of messages for you. __________________________________________________ k) There are a lot of messages for you. __________________________________________________ l) There’s a lot of messages for you. __________________________________________________ m) There’s two messages for you. __________________________________________________ Exerciţiul 5 Alegeţi pronumele demonstrative din propoziţiile de mai jos şi scrieţi-le în spaţiile de mai jos:

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1. This sounds like a great idea!

2. What is that?

3. Larry brought those to the party.

4. These are simply delicious! Exerciţiul 6 Completaţi spaţiile libere cu pronumele demonstrative potrivit: 1. ________________ is my school. 2. I like both the shirts, but ________________ is better than _______________. 3. ________________ are my brother’s things. 4. ________________ is my aunt. 5. ________________ is my friend’s umbrella. Exerciţiul 7 Alegeti între these, this, those: 1. ____________ beach was quite empty last year. 2. ____________ exhibition will be open until the end of May. 3. people come from that hotel over there. 4. What does ____________ notice say? 5. ____________ exhibition closed a month ago. 6. He was dismissed on the 13th. ____________ night the factory went on fire. 7. Do you see ____________ birds at the top of the tree? 8. ____________ are the old classrooms. Those are the new ones. 9. ____________ is my cousin, Jessica. 10. Wasn't ____________ a horrible thing to say? Exerciţiul 8 Fill in with this, that, these, or those. 1. He can't finish 2. Hello, ____________chocolate. Would you like some? ____________is Rachel speaking. ' Hello. How are you, Rachel? 76

3. Hey, Jillian, is 4. Look at 5. “Jane! 6. Look at 7. Don't take 8. Listen!

____________your ring? I've just found it on the floor.

____________woman over there. She's a Spanish teacher ____________is her penfriend Joe.” “Hello, pleased to meet you.” ____________painting over there. What fabulous colours! ____________mug, it's broken. Take this one. ____________days they didn't ____________awful dog next door is barking again.

9. His uncle, who fought in world war II, told him that in have enough food. 10. ____________mountains in the distance are the Alps. 11. Mmm. I love

____________pancakes. They're home-made, aren't they?

Exerciţiul 9 Fill in with this, that, these, ,or those. 1. We won't go in Spain 2. 3. 4. 6. 7. 9. 10. ____________summer. ____________is my house. ____________'s all for now. ____________is what we're going to do. ____________records? ____________people were very nice. ____________books were expensive. ____________afternoon. ____________film was interesting. ____________wine is very good.

5. Do you like

8. It was raining

Exerciţiul 10 Fill in with this, that, this one, that one, these, or those. 1. “____________painting is horrible !” , she said 2. “Yes I agree with you ! I prefer 3. “Look at 4. “I don't know. We can ask ____________over there.” ____________sculpture ! Who made it ?” ____________men. ” ____________sculpture, please ? ” she asked ____________with glasses or that one with long ____________sculpture and I 'd like

5. “OK , good morning, who made hair.” explained a man.

6. “Hello, I don't know his name, but it is

7. “Thank you ! Hello ,are you an artist because I like to meet the man who made it. ” 8. “Yes, I made it . I love arts and I painted

____________pictures. ” 77

9. “Ok , can I buy

____________sculpture ? ”

10. “I don't know because ____________is my favourite sculpture. ”

My family This is my family: my wife, my son, my daughter and I. My wife is Mrs. Black. I am Mrs. Black husband. I am a man. My wife is a woman. We have two children, a boy and a girl. The boy’s name is John. He’s twelve years old. The girl’s name is Mary. She is still quite young. She’s only eight. She’s four years younger than John, and John is four years older than she is. Mary is the youngest in the family and I am the oldest. John is Mary’s brother. Mary is John’s sister. John is my son. I am his father. Mary is my daughter. I am her father. My wife is her mother. John and Mary are our children. I am their father; my wife is their mother; we are their parents. We love our children.

Vocabulary parents = părinţi father = tată mother = mamă son = fiu daughter = fiică grandparents = bunici grandmother = bunică grandfather = bunic grandson = nepot (de bunic) grand-daughter = nepoată (de bunic) uncle = unchi aunt = mătuşă nephew = nepot (de unchi) niece = nepoată (de unchi) cousin = verişor, verişoară brother-in-law = cumnat sister-in-law = cumnată

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son-in law =ginere daughter-in-law = noră parents-in-law =socri father-in law = socru mother-in-law =soacră great-grandparents = străbunici great-grandfather = străbunic great-grandmother = străbunică great-grandchildren =strănepoţi great-grandson = strănepot great-granddaughter = strănepoată in-laws = cuscri step-father =tată vitreg step-mother = mamă vitregă step-son = fiu vitreg step-daughter = fiică vitregă step-brother = frate vitreg step-sister = soră vitregă half-brother = frate după unul din părinţi half-sister = soră după unul din părinţi Exerciţiul 7 Compuneţi un eseu de zece rânduri despre familia voastră. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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PROVERBS Where there is life there is hope. There is no rose without thorns. There is no rule without exceptions. There is no smoke without fire. life = viaţă without = fără rule = regulă thorn = ghimpe JOKES A playwright was the husband of a famous actress. “I make the acts and she makes the scenes,” he used to say. playwright = dramaturg act = act It is late at night. A man comes out of a pub. He is very drunk. He goes towards his car and tries to get in. A policeman sees that, and asks: “Do you intend to drive drunk as you are?” “I can’t help it,” the man answers, “can’t you see I can’t walk?” at night = noaptea drunk = beat as = cum to come out of = a ieşi din towards = către, înspre I can’t help it = n-am încotro Funny Social Work Quotes - I don't believe people die from hard work. They die from stress and worry and fear -- the negative emotions. Those are the killers, not hard work. The fact is, in our society today, most people don't understand what hard work is all about. A.L. Williams - If you’re ridin’ ahead of the herd, take a look back every now and then to make sure it’s still there. Will Rogers - Working for this borough is challenging, fun and rewarding. pub = cârciumă to intend = a intenţiona scene = scenă used to = obişnuia să exception = excepţie smoke = fum

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Anonymous - You do not know what life means when all the difficulties are removed! I am simply smothered and sickened with advantages. It is like eating a sweet dessert the first thing in the morning. Jane Addams - Today's problems cannot be solved if we still think the way we thought when we created them. Albert Einstein - Some people walk in the rain, others just get wet. Roger Miller - When we talk about equal pay for equal work, women in the workplace are beginning to catch up. If we keep going at this current rate, we will achieve full equality in about 475 years. I don't know about you, but I can't wait that long. Lya Sorano - The society which scorns excellence in plumbing because plumbing is a humble activity, and tolerates shoddiness in philosophy because philosophy is an exalted activity, will have neither good plumbing nor good philosophy. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water. John W. Gardner

How important is one vote?
In 1645, one vote gave Oliver Cromwell control over England. In 1649, one vote caused Charles I of England to be executed. In 1776, one vote gave America the English language instead of German. In 1875, one vote changed France from a monarchy to a republic. In 1923, one vote gave Adolf Hitler leadership of the Nazi Party. In 1941, one vote saved Selective Service (in the U.S.) – just weeks before Pearl Harbor was attacked.

English is a difficult language … for some! This is a true story from the Japanese Embassy in U.S. A few days ago Prime Minister Mori was given some Basic English conversation training before he visits Washington and meets president Barack Obama … The instructor told Mori Prime Minister, “when you shake hand with President Obama, please say “how r u?” Then Mr Obama should say, “I am fine, and you?”.

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Now, you should say “Me too.” Afterwards, we, translators, will do the work for you.” It looks quite simple, but the truth is … When Mori met Obama, he mistakenly said “who r u?” (instead of “how r u?”) Mr. Obama was a bit shocked but still he managed to react with humour: “Well, I’m Michelle’s husband, ha-ha …” Then Mori replied “me too, ha-ha …” Then there was a long silence in the meeting room.

Lecţia 8

Pronumele
Pronumele este partea de vorbire care înlocuieşte un substantiv (o fiinţă, un obiect, etc.) Clasificare • • • • • • • • • • I = eu you = tu he = el, dânsul, dumnealui she = ea, dânsa, dumneaiei it = el, ea (impersonal) The Interrogative Pronouns who = cine whose = al, a, ai, ale cui? Who knows him? = Cine îl cunoaşte pe el? Whose is this little boy? = Al cui este acest băieţel? Personale (the Personal Pronouns) Interogative (the Interogative Pronouns) Relative (the Relative Pronouns) Posesive (the Possesive Pronouns) Demonstrative (the Demonstrative Pronouns) Impersonale (the Impersonal/General Pronouns) Reflexive (the Reflexive Pronouns) Emfatice (the Emphatic Pronouns) Nehotărâte (the Indefinite Pronouns) Reciproce (the Reciprocal Pronouns) we = noi you = voi, dumneavoastră they = ei, ele, dânşii, dânsele, dumnealor

The Personal Pronouns

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to whom / who(m)...to = cui?, la cine?

To whom do you give this book? = Cui îi dai această carte?

To whom are you referring? = La cine te referi? To whom does the book belong? = Cui îi aparţine cartea? (to) me = mie (to) you = ţie (to) him =lui (to) her = ei (to) it = lui/ei for whom / who(m)…for = pentru cine? For whom must you buy the book?/ Whom must you buy the book cumperi cartea? behind whom / who(m)….behind? = în spatele cui He was sitting behind me. = El stătea în spatele meu. Behind whom was he sitting? = În spatele cui stătea el? beside whom / who(m)…beside = alături de cine? between whom / who(m)…between = între cine? by me = de mine by you = de tine by him/her/it = de el/ea The Relative Pronouns who = cine, care He does not know who must come to see us. = El nu ştie cine We are playing with John’s ball but we don’t know trebuie să vină pe la noi. whose = al/a/ai/ale cui ei. to whom = cui whom = pe cine, pe care I don’t know who(m) I shall give this book to. = Nu ştiu cui să-i dau cartea aceasta. I know whom you appreciate very much. = Eu ştiu pe cine apreciezi tu foarte mult whose they are playing with. = noi ne jucăm cu mingea lui John dar nu ştim cu a cui se joacă He was sitting beside me. = El stătea alături de mine. Between John and Nick. = Între John şi Nick by us = de noi by you = de voi by them = de ei for? = Pentru cine trebuie să (to) us = nouă (to) you = vouă (to) them = lor, dânselor, dânşilor

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which = care, pe care The Possessive Pronouns mine = al/a/ai/ale mele yours = al/a/ai/ale tale his = al/a/ai/ale lui hers = al/a/ai/ale ei

She has many books, but she doesn’t know which she must read

for the examination = Ea are multe cărţi, dar nu ştie pe care să o citească pentru examen. ours = al/a/ai/ale noastre yours = al/a/ai/ale tale theirs = al/a/ai/ale lor

The Demonstrative Pronouns this = acesta, aceasta that = acela, aceea these = aceştia, acestea those = aceia, acelea The Impersonal Pronouns one, you One could work there. = S-ar putea lucra acolo. You should always be careful when crossing the road. = Să fii întodeauna atent la traversarea drumului. One can learn a lot of things here. = Se pot învăţa o mulţime lucruri aici. You should always behave decently. = Trebuie să te porţi întodeauna decent. The Reflexive Pronouns myself = mă yourself = te himself = se herself = se itself = se Cu ajutorul lor se formează diateza reflexivă a verbelor. to enjoy oneself = a se distra The Emphatic Pronouns myself = eu însumi, personal, chiar eu yourself = tu însuţi, personal, chiar tu himself = el însuşi, personal, chiar el ei/ele herself = ea însăşi, personal, chiar ea itself = el însuşi, ea însăşi, personal, chiar ea, el 84 ourselves = noi înşine, însene, chiar noi yourselves = voi înşivă, însevă, chiar voi themselves = ei înşişi, ele însele, chiar I enjoy myself = Eu mă distrez. ourselves = ne yourselves = vă themselves = se oneself = se

I must do it myself. = Trebuie să-o fac eu însumi. The Indefinite Pronouns another = alt, altă each =fiecare the other = celălalt others = alţii, altele the others = ceilalţi, clelalte one = unul, una un, o, se all =tot, toată, toţi, toate, totul either = oricare din doi neither = nici unul/una both = ambii, ambele several = mai mulţi/multe, câteva, câţiva are mine. few = puţini, puţine a few = puţini/destui quite a few =foarte mulţi little = puţin, mic a little = puţin/destul/ceva much = mult, multă many = mulţi, multe some = nişte, unii, unele, puţin, câteva any = orice, fiece, oricare, nici unul somebody = cineva anybody = oricine, cineva, nimeni cannot ask anybody. nobody =nimeni something = ceva anything = orice nothing = nimic someone = careva, cineva anyone = oricare no one = nobody = none = niciunul everybody = toţi, toată lumea, fiecare I see nobody. I see something. I buy anything. I bought nothing. You must ask someone. You may ask anyone. You can ask no one. I saw everybody. 85 I only found few. I have found a few. I have found quite a few. I have done little for them. You have little tea but I have a little. You have got little tea but I have got much. You have only got few books but I’ve got many. Some are good and some are bad. He doesn’t like any. I can see somebody at the gate. I can ask anybody. Do you see something? I One man says yes, another says no. We received two books each. John likes this book but I like the other. Others know better than you. The others did not come by bus. You do not have any book but I have one. He must tell you all or nothing. You may buy either. I can see neither. You may read either of them, both are interesting. You can see many books on the table, but several

everything = totul, tot somebody else = altcineva anybody else = oricine altcineva nobody else = nimeni altcineva something else = altceva nothing else = nimic altceva Reciprocal Pronouns each other = unul pe celălalt another.

He can understand everything. I see somebody else. Give it to anybody else. Nobody else can do it. We must buy something else. I saw nothing else. The two neighbours help each other. The three brothers help one

one another = unul pe celălalt (minimum trei persoane)

EXERCIŢII 1. Alegeţi răspunsul corect: 1. They / them helped we / us cut the grass. 2. I / me saw you / your waiting for the bus this morning. 3. It / he is the first day of summer. 4. She / her decided to go with they / them. 5. Why are you / he interested in she / her? 6. We / us spoke to he / him yesterday. 2. Alegeţi un cuvânt compus din lista de mai jos şi completaţi spaţiile; unele cuvinte pot fi folosite de mai multe ori. somebody anybody nobody someone anyone no one something anything nothing

1. I’m thirsty! Is there ………………… to drink? 2. The boss has ………………… important to tell you. You must call him right away. 3. The doctor says there is ………………… wrong with Tom. He’s perfectly healthy. 4. The door bell is ringing. There’s ………………… at the door. 5. ………………… exciting ever happens to me! 6. Old Mrs. Hewlis is very lonely. ………………… ever visits her. 7. Didn’t ………………… write to thank you? 8. There’s ………………… in the safe. It’s quite empty! 9. There is ………………… waiting at the moment. The waiting room is empty.

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10. Shall I make them ………………… for dinner? They haven’t had ………………… to eat since last night. 3. Aşezaţi cuvintele în ordinea correctă. 1. is writing/she/him/a love letter ……………………………………………………………………………. 2. enjoyed/I/them/telling/about it ……………………………………………………………………………. 3. is interesting/it/to listen/to him ……………………………………………………………………………. 4. you/can’t/to him/it/give? ……………………………………………………………………………. 5. likes/he/her/calling ……………………………………………………………………………. 6. you/don’t/fix/why/for us/it? ……………………………………………………………………………. 7. it/cleaned/we/for him ……………………………………………………………………………. 8. will repair/they/it/for us ……………………………………………………………………………. 9. sent/we/to them/it ……………………………………………………………………………. 10. please/it/give/to him ……………………………………………………………………………. 4. Folosiţi pronumele personale he, she, it, they in spaţiile libere. 1. ____________________ is my father. 2. ____________________is a husband. 3. ____________________is a cat. 4. ____________________is a piano. 5. ____________________are girls. 6. ____________________is the queen. 7. ____________________are my parents. 5. Completaţi spaţiile libere transformând pronumele din paranteze la forma lor corectă. 1. This ia a piece of cake for ____________________(she) 87

2. I bought these flowers for ____________________(they) 3. Mother asked ____________________where I was going. (I) 4. Give that to ____________________(he)
6. Underline the odd word out. 1. 2. 3. 4.

present sickness destroy theatre

time flu damage cinema

future illness ruin villa

past disease hurt stadium

The prefix re- combines with verbs and nouns to form new words which indicate that an action happens a second time. write → rewrite appearance → reappearance The prefix un- combines with adjectives, adverbs and nouns to form new words which mean the opposite of whatever the original word meant. happy → happiness unhappy → unhappiness

happily → unhappily

7. Which of the words below can you form with re- and which with

un-?

1 build 2 popular 3 order 4 make
8. Underline the correct word.

5. print 6. open 7. successful 8. print

1 Due to crashing waves the boat began to drown/ sink. 2 Frances was listening/hearing to music on the radio. 3 My brother screams and behaves/treats like a baby whenever he can't have his own way. 4 If Susie works hard/hardly, she will get promoted. 5 He was killed/died in the plane crash. 6 Peter is reading/studying for his final exams.
9. Choose the correct item. 1

My brother............ a huge party for his birthday last Saturday.

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A threw

B is

throwing

C throws

2 Peter was angry because he............the bus.
A has 3

missed

B had missed

C misses

It was............dreadful weather that we didn't go anywhere.
A such

a

B so

C such

4

She asked me if I...............to go to her house for coffee.
A want B have

wanted

C wanted

5

If Helen...........the money, she would offer to lend it to you. A had
B has C had

had

6

I wish you............. us about your plans. Now it's impossible for me to come.
A told

B had told

C have

told

10. Complete with question tags.

1 They used to spend their holidays here, ____________ ? 2 You were given this ring by your grandmother, ____________? 3 Don't do that again, ____________? 4 Let's go to a Spanish restaurant tonight, ____________? 5 He has a brand new Harley Davidson, ____________? 6 Mary won't be coming soon, ____________? When using tag questions, watch for 4 points: * What tense is the verb? * What kind of verb is it? (to be/other verbs) * Is the sentence affirmative or negative? * Does the pronoun need to be changed? *present tense → *present tense *to be verb → *to be verb *affirmative → *negative Jack's happy, isn't he? Susan's tired, isn't she? It's warm today, isn't it? They're busy, aren't they? You and I are fun people, aren't we? You're quiet, aren't you? I'm intelligent, aren't I? Look at these changes: he is → isn't he? she is→ isn't she? it is → isn't it? they are → aren't they? we are →aren't we? you are → aren't you? I am → aren't I?

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am I not?
Reflexive Pronouns (myself, yourself, etc.) are used:

I am → am I not?

• when we want to talk about actions in which the subject and object of the verb are the same.They are used with verbs such as burn, cut, hurt, kill, find, look at, look, seem etc.
She fell off the ladder and hurt
Look at yourself

herself.

in the mirror.

He doesn't look himself (his usual self) today.

• in the expressions: enjoy yourself (= have a good time), help yourself (= you are welcome to take sth if you want), behave yourself (= behave well) • We do not normally use reflexive pronouns when it comes to actions that people do to

themselves e.g. wash, shave, dress, etc. But we can use a reflexive pronoun to show that the action is difficult, e.g. Many elderly people cannot dress themselves.
or to

show our surprise about an event which is not supposed to happen normally,

e.g. Harry can wash himself although he's only two.

11. Use the verbs below and the correct reflexive pronoun to complete the sentences.

help, blames, behave, educate, cut, telling, killed, hurt
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Marylin Monroe is believed to have ____________ at the age of 36. "Please ____________ to sweets," said our hostess. Joe ____________ for the car accident. He still feels guilty for speeding. Children should read a lot of literature to ____________ more broadly. I'm scared of flying, so when I'm on a plane I keep ____________ that everything will be OK. She ____________ with the knife while chopping the onion. If you don't ____________, I won't buy you an icecream this afternoon. We may ____________ if we jump off that wall.
Emphatic pronouns have a)

the same form as reflexive pronouns but different meanings.

They emphasise the fact that someone does something without help. They follow

nouns, pronouns or but and than.
Mary changed the flat tyre (by) herself.

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He depends on no one else but
b)

(except for) himself.

They emphasize a noun/noun phrase

I saw Britney Spears herself (=in person).
12. Fill in the gaps with the correct emphatic pronoun.

1 Nobody helps me clean my house. I clean it ________________ . 2 My husband is an excellent cook. He prepared the meal all by ________________ 3 She would like to marry someone richer than ________________. 4 We painted the house ________________. Everyone says it looks great. 5 My friend's children are wonderful. They clean up their room ________________. 6 The IBM president didn't send any representatives. He went to the meeting ________________. PROVERBS A penny saved is a penny gained. Too many cooks spoil the broth. One swallow doesn’t make a summer. Extreems meet. Don’t look a gift horse in the mouth. penny = penny (diviziune monetară englezească) rândunică saved = economisit gained = câştigat cook = bucătar cal de dar to spoil = a strica broth = supă mouth = gură extreme = extremă gift = dar, cadou a gift horse = un swallow =

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Lecţia 9 ADVERBUL (THE ADVERB) Clasificare: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Adverbe de mod (Adverbs of Manner) Adverbe de timp (Adverbs of Time) Adverbe de loc (Adverbs of Place) Adverbe de cauză (Adverbs of Cause/Reason) Adverbe de scop (Adverbs of Purpose) Adverbe de cantitate/grad (Adverbs of Quantity) Adverbe de mod (Adverbs of Manner) Adverbele de mod răspund la întrebarea how? = cum? upside-down = cu faţa în jos beautifully = frumos somehow = cumva deliberately = deliberat willingly = bucuros completely = complet fluently = fluent/curgător extremely = extrem by chance = din întâmplare fast = iute accidently = accidental hardly = greu/abia how = cât/cum little = puţin

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much = mult rather = cam scarcely = abia very = foarte well = bine badly = rău unawares = deodată/pe neaşteptate quickly = repede slowly = lent/rar/încet aloud = tare/cu voce tare Adverbe de timp (Adverbs of Time) Adverbele de timp răspund la întrebarea when? = când? afterwards = după aceea daily = zilnic early = devreme formerly = odinioară immediately = imediat meanwhile = între timp never = niciodată now = acum presently = imediat yearly = annual recently = recent sometimes = uneori soon = curând 93

yesterday =ieri often = adesea late = târziu then = atunci always = totdeauna last month = luna trecută before = înainte after = după today = astăzi just =tocmai/abia at present = în present at last = în cele din urmă by now = până acum already = deja still = încă once = odinioară/cândva when = când just now = chiar acum so far = până aici/acum sooner or later = mai curând sau mai târziu Adverbe de loc (Adverbs of Place) Adverbele de loc răspund la întrebarea when? = unde? behind = în spate far = departe here = aici

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near = aproape there = acolo inside = în interior upstairs = la ataj along = de-a lungul up and down = în sus şi în jos here and there = ici şi colo abroad =în străinătate under = dedesubt somewhere = undeva nowhere =niciunde/nicăieri anywhere =oriunde everywhere =pretutindeni southwhere =către sud homeward =spre/către casă where = unde Adverbe de cauză (Adverbs of Cause/Reason) Adverbele de cauză răspund la întrebarea why? = de ce? that is why = iată de ce therefore =pentru acest motiv, de aceea

for the reason that = pentru motivul că Adverbe de scop (Adverbs of Purpose) Adverbele de scop răspund la întrebarea for what purpose? = cu ce scop? for this purpose = cu acest scop for the mere purpose of = pentru simplul motiv de a Adverbe de cantitate/grad (Adverbs of Quantity) Adverbele de cantitate/grad răspund la întrebările how much? = cât?, how little? = cât de puţin? etc. 95

almost =aproape/aproximativ enormously = enorm entirely = în întregime little =puţin much = mult quite = chiar/total really = într-adevăr/cu adevărat so = astfel, aşa sufficiently = suficient enough = destul/suficient too = prea/suficient very = foarte ALTE ADVERBE especially = mai ales, în special at most = cel mult exactly = exact at latest = cel mai târziu even = chiar at earliest = cel mai devreme only = nunai/doar however = totuşi/cu toate acestea surely = sigur of course = desigur precisely = précis consequently = ca urmare

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also = de asemenea at any rate = în orice caz at least = cel puţin at worst = în cel mai rău caz 1. Write the adverbs. 1. polite …politely….. 2. dangerous ………... 3. nice ………………. 4. easy ………………. 5. good ……………… 6. cheap ……………... 7. safe ……………….. 8. hard ………………. 9. comfortable ………. 10. fast ……………… 11. beautiful ………… 12. soft ……………... 13. early ……………. 14. noisy ……………. 15. careful …………... 16. happy …………… 17. terrible …………... 18. awful …………….

2. Are the words in bold adjectives or adverbs? Say what type the adverbs are as in the example. 1. He is a good student. …adjective… 2. She speaks loudly. …adverb of manner… 3. They arrived early. ………………………………………………….. 4. He is working hard. …………………………………………………. 5. She is a pretty girl. ………………………………………………….. 6. Your father is here. ………………………………………………….. 7. They usually eat out. ………………………………………………... 8. He drives carefully. …………………………………………………. 9. He is leaving tomorrow. …………………………………………….. 10. You dance very well. ………………………………………………... 11. She learns quickly. ………………………………………………….. 12. The film was sad. …………………………………………………… 13. These biscuits are hard. ……………………………………………... 14. It was an easy exam. …………………………………………………

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4. Underline the correct item. 1. My bedroom is tidy/tidily. 2. It is snowing heavy/heavily. 3. Cross the road careful/carefully. 4. My teacher was very angry/angrily yesterday. 5. Get ready for school quick/quickly. 6. The test was very easy/easily. 7. Your perfume smells nice/nicely. 8. Susan is smiling happy/happily. 9. This sweater feels very soft/softly. 10. He sings beautiful/beautifully. 11. It is very warm/warmly today. 12. She looks beautiful/beautifully tonight. 5. Match questions 1-7 to answers a-g. COLUMN A 1. When will you wash your clothes? 2. How are your parents? 3. Where is the rabbit? 4. When did you go shopping? 5. What do you think of this film? 6. How was your trip? 7. How often do you play tennis? COLUMN B a. Yesterday. b. It was very tiring. c. Tomorrow. d. It’s very funny. e. Over there. f. They’re very well. g. Twice a week.

6. Fill in the gaps with good, well, hard and fast. Then, say if each is an adjective or an adverb. 1. Janet is a ..good… singer. She sings very ...well... . 2. I was ill yesterday but now I am ………………... . 3. You must run ……….................. to catch that bus. 4. I can’t bite this bread. It’s too ………………….. . 5. Philip isn’t clever but he tries very ……. at school. 6. That horse is a ………. runner. It wins every race. 7. This cake tastes really ………………………….. . 8. Denise is never naughty. She is a ………….. girl. 98

7. Rewrite the sentences using a verb and write an adverb as in the example. 1. He is a good writer. ...He writes well… 2. She is a slow runner. ………………………………………………... 3. They are clever players. …………………………………………….. 4. He is a careful driver. ……………………………………………….. 5. They are hard workers. ……………………………………………… 6. Fiona is a bad singer. ………………………………………………... 7. Paula is a beautiful dancer. …………………………………………. 8. Write the comparative and superlative form of the following adjectives. 1. small 2. big 3. weak 4. dangerous 5. slow 6. pretty 7. safe 8. beautiful 9. fat 10. sad ...smaller... ………….. ………….. ………….. ………….. ………….. …………. …………... …………… …………… ...smallest... …………... …………… …………… …………... …………… ……………. …………… …………… …………….

9. Write the comparative and superlative form of the following adverbs. 1. easily 2. fast 3. late 4. clearly 5. carelessly 6. generously 7. hard 8. early ...more easily... ………………. ………………. ………………. ………………. ……………….. ………………... ………………… ...most easily... ……………… ………………. ……………… ……………….. ………………. ……………….. …………………

10. Write sentences using the prompts given, as in the example. 1. George’s house is very big. 99

…Yes it’s bigger than mine. … 2. Sally’s dress is very expensive. _________________________________ 3. Peter’s sister is very young. _________________________________ 4. Tom’s job is very exciting. _________________________________ 5. Jenny’s hair is very long. _________________________________ 6. This book is very interesting. _________________________________ 11. Write the sentences using the prompts as in the example. 1. That’s a fast car. …It’s the fastest car I’ve ever seen… 2. Those are expensive rings. _________________________________ 3. That’s a small house. _________________________________ 4. That’s a big plane. _________________________________ 5. That’s a tall building. _________________________________ 6. That’s a long snake. _________________________________ 7. Those are nice flowers. _________________________________ 8. That’s a cheap watch. _________________________________

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Comparaţia adverbelor pozitiv well = bine badly = rău far = departe much = mult near = aproape little = puţin late = târziu up = sus comparativ de superioritate better = mai bine worse = mai rău farther = mai departe further = mai departe more = mai mult nearer = mai aproape less =mai puţin later = mai târziu upper = mai sus superlativ relativ the best = cel mai bine the worst = cel mai rău the farthest = cel mai departe furthest = cel mai departe the most = cel mai mult the nearest = cel mai aproape the least = cel mai puţin the latest = cel mai târziu upmost = cel mai sus

Comparaţia analitică a adverbelor pozitiv attractively = atrăgător beautifully = frumos bestially = bestial carefully = atent fortunately =norocos quickly = rapid charmingly = fermecător fluently = fluent gratefully = recunoscător willingly = bucuros comparativ de superioritate more attractively = mai atrăgător more beautifully = mai frumos more bestially = mai bestial more carefully = mai atent more fortunately = mai norocos more quickly = mai rapid more charmingly = mai fermecător more fluently = mai fluent more gratefully = mai recunoscător more willingly = mai bucuros superlativ relativ the most attractively = cel mai atrăgător the most beautifully = cel mai frumos the most bestially = cel mai bestial the most carefully = cel mai atent the most fortunately = cel mai norocos the most quickly = cel mai rapid the most charmingly = cel mai fermecător the most fluently = cel mai fluent the most gratefully = cel mai recunoscător the most willingly = cel mai bucuros

Comparaţia sintetică a adverbelor pozitiv cleanly = curat comparativ de superioritate cleanlier = mai curat superlativ relativ the cleanliest = cel mai curat

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early = devreme hard = greu low = deprimat Christmas Words

earlier = mai devreme harder = mai greu lower = mai deprimat

the earliest = cel mai devreme the hardest = cel mai greu the lowest = cel mai deprimat

Dezlegaţi înţelesul cuvintelor de mai jos. Apoi traduceţi cuvintele. Christmas, giving, receiving, presents, Santa Claus, wreathe, holly, turkey, dressing, potatoes, gravy, candy cane, stockings, wrapping paper, ribbon, bow, cards, boxes, toys, clothes, pies, reindeer, sleigh, North Pole, church, mistletoe, red, green, Christmas tree, Fruit Cake 1. iiggnv 2. cchhru 3. xeobs 4. dre 5. eengr 6. ssmatirhC 7. sseetnpr 8. eeahtrw 9. eettloism 10. hgiels 11. tiurF ekaC 12. llohy 13. hCrstmias eert 14. rNoth lePo 15. keytur 16. vyarg 17. toptaeso 18. aaSnt lCusa 19. otys 20. ohcltes 21. wob 22. dynca cnea 23. dsacr 24. bbnoir 25. dereneir

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26. siep 27. sstckonig 28. pprawnig ppera 29. ssnidreg 30. gniveicer Completing a Christmas Story/ Completaţi următoarea poveste de Crăciun… Once upon a time, Kerrie wanted to travel to a far away place like the North Pole so she could see Santa Claus. She was lying in her bed and sleeping when she suddenly started dreaming of the North Pole. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________ Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Lecţia 10

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Descriptions. Grammar have got / has got. Describing People
Positive I You We They He She It Negative I You We They He She It Questions Have ‘ve (have) got two brothers. ‘s has dark hair. haven’t (have not) hasn’t (has not) got a mobile phone. two brothers. dark hair. I you we they he she it a mobile phone? got two brothers? dark hair?

a mobile phone.

Has

Short answers I you we they he she it have.

Yes,

has.

Exercise 1. Read and translate into Romanian the following conversation: Claire: Have you got any brothers or sisters, Andrew? Andrew: I’ve got a sister, but I haven’t got any brothers. Claire: Has your sister got dark hair, too? Andrew: No, she hasn’t. She’s got fair hair. Claire: What colour eyes has she got? Andrew: They’re blue.

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Exercise 2. Complete the table with short forms from the conversation: I You We They He She It have _____________ have not _____________ got has _____________ has not _____________ fair hair. a sister.

Exercise 3. Complete the description of Andrew and his sister: Andrew _____________ a sister, but he _____________ any brothers. He ____________ hark hair, but his sister _____________ fair hair. Andrew and his sister _____________ blue eyes. Exercise 4. Complete the sentences with have got, has got, haven’t got, or hasn’t got. Pilar = long dark hair, blue eyes Vera = short brown hair, brown eyes Donatella = short fair hair, brown eyes 1. Pilar _____________ long hair. 2. Vera and Donatella _____________ long hair. 3. Pilar _____________ brown eyes. 4. Pilar and Vera _____________ dark hair. 5. Vera and Donatella _____________ blue eyes. 6. Pilar _____________ blue eyes. 7. Vera and Donatella _____________ brown eyes. 8. Donatella _____________ long, fair hair. Exercise 5. Complete the sentences with have got / has got. 1. I …..have got ….. two sisters. 2. Karen ……………….. fair hair. 3. Helen ……………….. dark hair. 4. Both of them ………………..brown eyes. 5. We ……………….. a brother. His name is James. 6. He ……………….. dark hair and green eyes. 7. Karen ……………….. a cat. 8. It ……………….. green eyes, too.

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9. You ……………….. a photo of Karen, Helen, and, James I think. Exercise 6. Work with a partner. a. Ask questions and write down the answers. Try to find out some details. Example: A. Have you got a pet? B. Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. A. What have you got? What’s its name? How old is it? What colour is it? √/X a pet a computer a boyfriend/girlfriend a car a fax a mobile phone a garden a secretary a watch a camera a CD player b. Find a new partner. Ask questions about his/her first partner. Example: A. Has Mario got a pet? B. Yes, he has. He’s got a dog. Its name’s Spot, it’s eight years old, and it’s black. Exercise 7. Write true sentences about your life, using have (not) got / has (not) got. 1. I ……………….. four sisters. 2. My parents ……………….. a blue car. 3. We ……………….. a dog. 4. I ……………….. brown eyes. 5. Our English teacher ……………….. long hair. 6. We ……………….. twenty students in our class. 7. Our classroom ……………….. two doors. 8. It ……………….. six windows. √ Details a dog, Spot, 8, black

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Exercise 8. Complete the conversation with the correct form of have got / has got. 1. A. …Have you got….. a mobile phone? B. Yes, we ……………….. . A. What’s the number? I ……………….. it. B. It’s 0745 375 249. 2. A. ……………….. an apartment? B. No, we ………………… We ……………….. a small house. It’s very nice. A. ……………….. a garden? B. Yes, it ……………….., but it isn’t very big. 3. A. ……………….. Mary ……………….. a new boyfriend? B. Yes, ……………….. A. What’s he like? B. He’s rather nice. He ……………….. dark hair and brown eyes. A. ……………….. a car? B. No, he ……………….. 4. A. ………………..umbrella ……………….. two L’s or one? B. It ……………….. two. U-M-B-R-E-double L-A. A. Thanks. And ……………….. colour………………..a double L, too? B. No, ……………….. Vocabulary Describing People brown eyes long hair short hair a moustache a beard bald dark hair fair hair green eyes glasses blue eyes

Exercise 9. Read and translate into Romanian the sentences: 1. He’s got blue eyes. He’s got short, fair hair. He’s got a moustache. 2. He’s got brown eyes. He’s bald. He’s got a beard. 3. She’s got green eyes. She’s got long, dark hair. She’s got glasses. Exercise 10. Look at these ways of describing people. He’s good looking. She’s slim. He’s thin. They’re ugly. 107 She’s attractive. They’re fat.

He’s about 45 years old / He’s middle aged. Think of someone famous who: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • is quite fat is quite slim is very good-looking is not very attractive has got very long hair has got blond hair is quite ugly is very old is about 50 years old has got a moustache a friend a member of your family a famous person yourself

Describe

Example: My friend is about twenty-two years old. She isn’t very tall. She’s very slim and she’s quite attractive. She’s got very dark hair and brown eyes. Her hair is quite long.

People and Jobs
I’m Walter Bergen and I’m from New York in the USA. I’m thirty/one years old and I’m a doctor. I’m married. My wife’s name is Candy and she’s an architect. She’s thirty-one, too. In this photo we’re on holiday in Florida. My mane’s Meena Kuhmar. I’m twenty-six years old and I’m from Bristol in England, but my parents are from India. I’m a dentist and I’m married. My husband is twenty-seven and he’s an engineer. His name’s Suresh. In this photo we’re in our garden. My name is Tim Caldwell. I’m from Melbourne in Australia. I’m twenty years old and I’m a student. I’m not married. My girlfriend is a secretary. Her name’s Glenda and she’s twenty-two. In this photo we’re with her parents at their house. Courtesy titles Mr is used for adult men.

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Mrs is used for married women Miss is used for unmarried women or girls. Ms is increasingly common for all women of all ages, whether married or not, especially in the professional sphere. 1. Read the conversation: • Excuse me, are you Ms Watson? • No, I am not. She’s over there. • Thank you. • • • • Are Mr and Mrs Smith from America? No, they aren’t. They are from Canada. Excuse me. Is the meeting here? No, it isn’t. It’s in room 10.

Now answer the questions: a) Where is the meeting? b) Where is Ms Watson. c) Where are Mr and Mrs Smith from? 2. Look at the table. Add the short forms of the verb to be. ‘re I ‘s ‘m

am __________________ am not __________________ here.

He She It

Is __________________ is not __________________ from Portugal.

We You They

Are __________________ are not __________________

in room ten.

3. How do we make questions with the verb to be? The meeting is here.

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___________________________________________ They are from America? ___________________________________________ 4. Look at the conversations again. a) Complete the short answers. 1. A Are you Ms Watson? B No, I’m _____________ 2. A Are Ms and Mrs Smith from America? B Not, they_____________ 3. A Is the meeting here? B No, it is ______________ b) Give short answers for these conversations. Are you Ms Watson? Yes, I ___________ ______ 5. Complete the conversation with the correct form of the verb to be. 1. ___________ this your pen? 2. ___________ from Spain? 3. Where _____the meeting? 4. Mr and Mrs James _____here. holiday. 5. Excuse me. _____you Mr and Mrs Wilson? Mrs Smith. 6. Write true sentences. 1. We _____in room 10. 2. I _____from Canada. 3. My name___________ 4. My partner ___________from Britain. 5. We ___________in a meeting. 6. My favourite colours ___________ 7. I ___________ tall. 110 No, we _____. We _____Mr and No, it ___________ No, I _____. I ______ from Argentina. It _____in the room over there. Where _____they? They _____on Are Mr and Mrs Smith from Canada? Yes, ___________ ___________ Is the meeting here? Yes. _____

8. New York ___________ 9. ___________ my favourite city. 10. Our teacher ___________. 7. Read the instruction and practice them with your colleague. Stand up. Pick up your pen. Open your book. Come here. Listen. Write. Turn to page 6. Look. 8. Complete the sentences with his, her, he’s or she’s. 1. This is my wife. ___________name’s Maria. ________a doctor and________twenty-nine years old. 2. My boyfriend’s a waiter. ________name’s Steven. In this photo ________in London with ________parents. 3. This is Alan with ________girlfriend. ________ a teacher. ________name’s Annette and ________from Belgium. 4. Suzsie is a hairdresser. ________ married. ________husband is a shop assistant. ________ name’s Joe. 9. Vocabulary file: Jobs Complete the names of these jobs. stu________ arch________ do________ tea________ sec________ den________ eng________ pil________ waiter / waitress shop assistant nurse bank clerk Sit down. Put down your pen. Close your book. Go to the board. Read. Say Hello. Look at exercise 3. Don’t look.

10. Write the words in the correct order to make questions. 1. your 2. are 3. Green old is friend here from Mr how where is 111 you ......................................................................................? ......................................................................................?

......................................................................................? 4. good 5. blue 6. the 7. we 8. expensive a the am car are are student is heavy where the are where bags I ......................................................................................? ......................................................................................? ......................................................................................? ......................................................................................? watches ......................................................................................? 11. Answer these questions. Use short answers. 1. Are you from the USA? .........No, I’m not......... 2. Are you a student? ................................................. 3. Is your teacher tall? ................................................. 4. Is your teacher from London? ................................................. 5. Are you married? ................................................. 6. Are you good at English? ................................................. 7. Are your English books red? ................................................. 8. Are your friends on holiday? ................................................. 12. Make the sentences negative. 1. I’m thirty five. ...........I’m not thirty-five. ...................................... 2. We’re from Australia. ................................................. 3. This is my book. ................................................. 4. My friends are here. ................................................. 5. The apples are expensive. ................................................. 6. Joe’s fat. ................................................. 13. Complete the sentences. 1. I’m married. .....My........ wife is a doctor. 2. In this photo we’re with .......................friends, Jasha and Mikhail. 3. There’s John in .......................new car. 112

4. Mrs Kuhmar is over there with .......................husband, Suresh. 5. This letter is for Mr and Mrs Wells. What’s .......................address? 6. Is this .......................desk? No, it isn’t. That’s my desk. 14. Complete the text. My ….name’s……..Burak. .......................from Instanbul.......................Turkey. Yonca and I’m 25.......................old.......................I’m .......................bank clerk. I’m ........................ . My wife .......................a.......................too. .......................name’s ....................... 24. .......................this photo we’re .......................a café .......................Miami. 15. Write the conversation about ordering in a café. Anything else? please. Thank you. Yes, please? 1. Assistant……………………………………………………………….. Customer ……………………………………………………………….. 2. Assistant……………………………………………………………….. Customer……………………………………………………………….. 3. Assistant……………………………………………………………….. Customer……………………………………………………………….. 4. Assistant……………………………………………………………….. Customer……………………………………………………………….. No, thank you. Small or large? Large, please. A hamburger and an orange juice, please. That’s £ 4.30,

HOW WE SAY THINGS IN THE CLASSROOM Choose the best answer for the gap in each sentence 1. ‘I’m sorry, could you __________ that again, please?’ a. say a. by b. talk b. on c. tell c. in d. shout d. at 2. ‘What page are we __________?’

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3. ‘I don’t __________. Can you explain again? a. know a. do a. make a. Pardon b. learn b. ask b. do b. Hey c. think c. make c. study c. Forgive me d. put d. end d. Sorry d. understand 4. ‘Can I __________ a question, please? What does …… mean?’ 5. ‘Sorry, I didn’t have time to __________ my homework’ 6. ‘__________, can you come and help me for a minute?’

HOW WE SAY THINGS 1. Which of these is not a way to apologise? a. I’m really sorry. b. I do beg your pardon. b. I’d rather not. c. Pardon. d. I do apologise. d. It’s not really my 2. Which of these is not a way to say no? a. I wouldn’t if I was you. idea of fun. 3. Which of these is not a way to ask permission? a. Would you mind if I open the window? c. How about opening the window? a. If I was you, I’d do it again. b. Is it OK if I open the window? d. Can I open the window? b. You should do it again. d. Why not do it again? d. Good night. c. How c. I don’t think so.

4. Which of these is not a way to give advice? c. If you do it again, you’ll be in big trouble. 5. Which of these is not a greeting? a. How do you do? b. Pleased to meet you. c. Good evening. 6. Which of these is not a way to make a suggestion? a. Try the red one and be done with it? about trying the red one? b. Why don’t we try the red one? d. Let’s try the red one.

Lecţia 11

At the Airport Vocabulary. Communicating in Airports. Grammar: Preposition of Time and Place
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Confirmation of flight reservation (Confirmarea rezervarii pentru cursa aeriana) I´d like to reconfirm my flight Reservations clerk: Northwind Airlines. Can I help you? Functionar rezervari: Northwind Airlines. Pot sa va ajut? Daniel Adams: Hello. I'd like to reconfirm my flight, please. Daniel Adams: Alo, as dori sa imi reconfirm zborul / cursa, va rog. Reservations clerk: May I have your name and flight number, please? Functionar rezervari: Imi puteti spune numele Dvs si numarul zborului / cursei, va rog? Daniel Adams: My name is Daniel Adams and my flight number is 374. Daniel Adams: Numele meu este Daniel Adams si numarul zborului / cursei este 374. Reservations clerk: When are you leaving? Functionar rezervari: Cand plecati? Daniel Adams: On May 11th. Daniel Adams: Pe 11 mai. Reservations clerk: And your destination? Functionar rezervari: Si destinatia Dvs.? Daniel Adams: Buenos Aires. Daniel Adams:Buenos Aires. Reservations clerk: Hold the line, please. (...) All right. Your seat is confirmed, Mr. Adams. You'll be arriving in Buenos Aires at 4 o'clock p.m. local time. Functionar rezervari: Ramaneti la telefon, va rog. (...) In regula. Locul Dvs este confirmat, Dle Adams. Veti sosi la Buenos Aires la ora 4 p.m., ora locala. Daniel Adams: Thank you. Can I pick up my ticket when I check in? Daniel Adams: Va multumesc. Pot sa imi ridic biletul cand ma inregistrez / cand imi predau bagajele? Reservations clerk: Yes, but please check in at least one hour before departure time. Functionar rezervari: Dar, dar va rog sa va inregistrati / sa va predati bagajele cu cel putin o ora inainte de ora de plecare. At passport control (La controlul pasapoartelor) Do you have a return ticket? Immigration officer: Good evening. Where have you come from? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Buna seara. De unde veniti? Paul Ryefield: Bucharest, Romania. Paul Ryefield: [De la] Bucuresti, Romania. Immigration officer: May I have your passport and form I-94, please? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Imi puteti da pasaportul Dvs si formularul I-94, va rog? Paul Ryefield: Here you are. Paul Ryefield: Poftim. Immigration officer: What´s the nature of your visit? Business or pleasure? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Care este natura vizitei Dvs? [Calatorie de] afaceri sau de placere / turistica? Paul Ryefield: Pleasure. I´m visiting my relatives. Paul Ryefield: [Calatorie de] placere / turistica. Imi vizitez rudele. Immigration officer: How long are you going to stay in the United States? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Cat timp stati in Statele Unite? 115

Paul Ryefield: Three weeks. Paul Ryefield: Trei saptamani. Immigration officer: What is your occupation? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Ce ocupatie aveti? Paul Ryefield: I work as an accountant for a Romanian telecommunications company. Paul Ryefield: Sunt contabil la o companie romana de telecomunicatii. Immigration officer: Do you have a return ticket? Ofiterul de la imigrari: Aveti bilet de intoarcere? Paul Ryefield: Yes, here it is. Paul Ryefield: Da, uitati-l. Immigration officer: That´s fine. Thanks. Enjoy your trip. Ofiterul de la imigrari: E-n regula. Multumesc. Calatorie placuta. Paul Ryefield: Thank you. Paul Ryefield: Va multumesc. Reservations - airline (Rezervari de bilete de avion la liniile aeriene) Do you have any flights to Sydney next Tuesday afternoon? Reservations clerk: Northwind Airways, good morning. May I help you? Functionar rezervari:Northwind Airways, buna dimineata. Va pot ajuta? Mary Jones:Yes, do you have any flights to Sydney next Tuesday afternoon? Mary Jones:Da, aveti vreun zbor / vreo cursa catre Sydney martea viitoare, dupa-amiaza? Reservations clerk:One moment, please... Yes. There´s a flight at 16:45 and one at 18:00. Functionar rezervari:Un moment, va rog... Da. Exista un zbor / o cursa la 16:45 si unul / una la 18:00. Mary Jones: OK. Could I make a reservation? Mary Jones: OK. Pot sa fac o rezervare? Reservations clerk: Certainly. Which flight would you like? Functionar rezervari:Desigur. La care zbor / cursa? Mary Jones:The 16:45, please. Mary Jones:[La zborul / cursa de la] 16:45, va rog. Reservations clerk: Could I have your name, please? Functionar rezervari: Puteti sa-mi spuneti cum va numiti, va rog? Reservations clerk: My name is Mary Jones, that´s M-A-R-Y J-O-N-E-S. Numele meu este Mary Jones, se scrie M-A-R-Y J-O-N-E-S. Reservations clerk: How would you like to pay, Ms. Jones? Functionar rezervari: Cum doriti sa platiti, Dna. Jones? Mary Jones: Can I pay at the check-in desk when I pick up my ticket? Mary Jones: Pot plati la biroul Dvs. de pe aeroport, cand imi ridic biletul? Reservations clerk: Yes, but you will have to confirm this reservation at least two hours before departure time. Functionar rezervari: Da, dar va trebui sa confirmati aceasta rezervare cu cel putin doua ore inainte de ora de plecare. Mary Jones: I see. Mary Jones: Inteleg. Reservations clerk: Now you have been booked, Ms. Jones. The flight leaves at 16:45, and your arrival in Sydney will be at 9:25 a.m., local time. The flight number is NWA 476. Functionar rezervari: Acum v-am facut rezervarea, Dna. Jones. Zborul / cursa pleaca la 16:45, si sosirea la Sydney va fi la 9:25 a.m., ora locala. Numarul zborului / cursei este NWA 476. Mary Jones: Thank you. 116

Mary Jones: Va multumesc. Read the conversation between Ann and Helen. Look at Ann's diary and write the time of each appointment in the space provided. Use the 24hr clock - e.g. 4 o'clock in the afternoon is 16.00 Ann's daily appointments Diary Helen: Ann would you like to play tennis today? tennis with Helen Ann : Yes, but what time? Helen: How about 12.30. hairdresser Ann: Sorry, I have to collect Bill from school at one. Helen: Well, how about in the morning. meeting with Jack Ann: Let me see, the plumber is coming at nine thirty, and at eleven I have an appointment with the Collecting Bill from school hairdresser. Perhaps the afternoon would be better. Helen: I have a meeting during lunch but after that I am movie free. Ann: Ok, How about four? I'm supposed to meet Jack at plumber four thirty, but I can always meet him one hour later. Helen: If you are meeting Jack at 4.30, how about playing tennis at five thirty. There is a movie at seven I would like to see. Ann: What is the movie? Helen: "The Runaway Jury", do you want to see it? Ann : Yes, why not? Helen: OK, see you at tennis then Ann: Bye

Jenny Smith is 10 years old and she and her family live in London. She has a little sister Paula who is just 3 years old. This year Jenny's parents are taking them to DisneyLand in Paris for a holiday. For the whole six days Jenny is going to stay in a hotel for the first time. She is very excited. They are going at 7 in the morning on the 12th of July, which is only two weeks away. Jenny's dad told her that they will be booking half-board in the hotel which means that they will be eating breakfast and supper there. On the way back they will be going by Eurostar, which is a very fast train which goes from Paris straight to London.

Book Online Flight booking: From: Single: Returning on:
þÿ

To: Return:
þÿ

þÿ

Flying out on:

Time: Time:
þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

Number of Adults:

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Number of Children: Hotel booking: No of rooms: Meals:
þÿ þÿ

þÿ

No of nights:

þÿ

Prepositions of Time: at, in, on We use:
• • •

at for a PRECISE TIME in for MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG PERIODS on for DAYS and DATES in MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG PERIODS in May in summer in the summer in 1990 in the 1990s in the next century in the Ice Age in the past/future on DAYS and DATES on Sunday on Tuesdays on 6 March on 25 Dec. 2010 on Christmas Day on Independence Day on my birthday on New Year's Eve

At PRECISE TIME at 3 o'clock at 10.30am at noon at dinnertime at bedtime at sunrise at sunset at the moment

Look at these examples:
• •

I have a meeting at 9am. The shop closes at midnight.

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• • • • • • •

Jane went home at lunchtime. In England, it often snows in December. Do you think we will go to Jupiter in the future? There should be a lot of progress in the next century. Do you work on Mondays? Her birthday is on 20 November. Where will you be on New Year's Day?

Notice the use of the preposition of time at in the following standard expressions: Expression at night at the weekend at Christmas/Easter at the same time at present Example The stars shine at night. I don't usually work at the weekend. I stay with my family at Christmas. We finished the test at the same time. He's not home at present. Try later.

Notice the use of the prepositions of time in and on in these common expressions: In in the morning in the mornings in the afternoon(s) in the evening(s) on on Tuesday morning on Saturday mornings on Sunday afternoons on Monday evening

When we say last, next, every, this we do not also use at, in, on.
• • • •

I went to London last June. (not in last June) He's coming back next Tuesday. (noton next Tuesday) I go home every Easter. (not at every Easter) We'll call you this evening. (not in this evening) Prepositions of Place: at, in, on

In general, we use:
• • •

at for a POINT in for an ENCLOSED SPACE on for a SURFACE

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At POINT at the corner at the bus stop at the door at the top of the page at the end of the road at the entrance at the crossroads at the entrance

in ENCLOSED SPACE in the garden in London in France in a box in my pocket in my wallet in a building in a car

On SURFACE on the wall on the ceiling on the door on the cover on the floor on the carpet on the menu on a page

Look at these examples:
• • • • • • • • • • • • •

Jane is waiting for you at the bus stop. The shop is at the end of the street. My plane stopped at Dubai and Hanoi and arrived in Bangkok two hours late. When will you arrive at the office? Do you work in an office? I have a meeting in New York. Do you live in Japan? Jupiter is in the Solar System. The author's name is on the cover of the book. There are no prices on this menu. You are standing on my foot. There was a "no smoking" sign on the wall. I live on the 7th floor at 21 Oxford Street in London.

Notice the use of the prepositions of place at, in and on in these standard expressions: at at home at work at school at university at college in in a car in a taxi in a helicopter in a boat in a lift (elevator) on on a bus on a train on a plane on a ship on a bicycle, on a motorbike

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at the top at the bottom at the side at reception

in the newspaper in the sky in a row in Oxford Street

on a horse, on an elephant on the radio, on television on the left, on the right on the way

PREPOSITIONS 1 For each of the six questions choose the one correct answer 1. If you take something ________ heart, you are very sensitive. a. from b. at c. in d. to 2. People all ________ the world are learning English. a. through b. in c. on d. over 3. I always go ____ home for Christmas. a. at b. to c. d. for 4. I live in a flat ________the second floor. a. on b. in c. at d. up 5. He's already left the office but you can phone him ________ home. a. in b. on c. at d. by 6. This is Nelson's Column. It stands ...... a. on Trafalgar Square b. at Trafalgar Square c. by Trafalgar Square d. in Trafalgar Square PREPOSITIONS 2 For each of the six questions choose the one correct answer 1. Which of these nouns does NOT follow the preposition "out of"? a. the ordinary b. character c. the fence d. time

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2. Jenny loves sports and she's particularly keen _______ tennis and athletics. a. at b. on c. over d. in 3. Are you good ________remembering prepositions in English? a. at b. for c. in d. to 4. Learning English isn’t difficult! In fact there’s nothing ________ it. a. for b. to c. at d. in 5. Do you believe ________ miracles? a. in b. for c. on d. to 6. ‘Are you going for a drink ________ this evening?’ a. on b. at c. in d. --- (no preposition) PREPOSITIONS 3 For each of the six questions choose the one correct answer 1. I always have trouble ________ prepositions. a. to b. with c. at d. for 2. I’m going home ________ two weeks. a. in b. on c. later d. at 3. Long hair was fashionable ________ the 1970s. a. in b. on c. at d. --- (no preposition) 4. Fill the gap. He likes being called ________ his first name. a. by b. with c. for d. to 5. I’ve lived in Paris ________ 5 years.

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a. during b. since c. while d. for 6. Sometimes our teacher gets angry if she is ________ a bad mood. a. on b. at c. in d. to PREPOSITIONS OF TIME Choose the right time preposition for the gaps in each sentence 1. We always visit my family __________ Christmas. a. on b. at c. in d. by 2. I’ll see you __________ Friday. a. on b. at c. in d. by 3. It’s really hot here __________ August. a. with b. by c. in d. at 4. I have been learning English __________ two years. a. since b. by c. for d. in 5. My appointment with the doctor is __________ 4 o’clock. a. on b. at c. in d. by 6. It rains here __________ the morning but never __________ night. a. on / in b. at / in c. in / at d. by / for PROGRESS TEST Exercise 1. In pairs, read and choose the best word (A, B or C) for each space.

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Are you looking for the perfect place for a holiday? What about New York? New York City isn’t one place – it’s hundred! New York is made up 0) of lots of interesting neighbours like Chinatown and Little Italy. 1) ___________ place has its own sights, sounds and even smells. The city has many tourist attractions: the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building, Central Park and Times Square are just a 2) ___________ . New York has over 150 museums, 900 art galleries, over 160 theatres, 1,800 restaurants and 1,700 parks! It’s easy 3) ___________ get around. City buses stops have maps 4) ___________ you won’t get lost. The subway is 5) ___________ fastest and most reliable way around. Most 6) ___________ New York’s sights are on subway lines. There’s 7) ___________ for everyone in New York City, so 8) ___________and experience the energy and excitement this great city has to offer. 0 A of 1. A Any 2. A few 3. A for 4. A with 5. A the 6. A in 8. A coming B on B Each B many B to B for Ba B at B comes C at C All C lots C with C so C some C of C everything C come

7. A something B anything

Exercise 2. Read the text again and name two neighbours, four tourist attractions and two means of transport. Say four things you remember about New York.

Location Phrases • • • on/ at the corner of … on … Street/ Road/ Avenue near/ opposite/ behind/ between/ in front of …

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Asking for/ Giving directions Asking for directions • Excuse me, how can I get to …? • • Could you please tell me the way to …? Could you tell me where … is, please? • • A: Excuse me, how can I get to the New York Hilton? • • Giving directions • (You) go up/ down … Street until you get to … turn right/ left into … St take the first/ second turning on the right/ left (You) go straight … It’s on the corner of …

B: You go straight along 57th Street East until you get to the Avenue of the Americas. Turn right, and the Hilton is in the corner of the Avenue of the Americas and 54th Street. A: Thanks very much. Exercise 3. Find or draw a map of your town. Decide on the most interesting tourists attractions. Write a short text about your town and its attractions. Use the text in Ex. 1 as a model. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

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Lecţia 12

Timpurile modului indicativ: Presentul simplu (Present Tense Simple) şi prezentul continuu (present Tense Continuous)
Există două aspecte ale timpului în limba engleză: simplu si continuu. În general, timpurile simple se folosesc când accentul se pune pe acţiunea propriu-zisă, iar timpurile continue se folosesc când accentul se pune pe durata acţiunii, pe perioada de timp în care are loc acţiunea. În explicarea întrebuinţării timpurilor continue se va întâlni formularea „acţiune în plină desfăşurare". Aceasta înseamnă că acţiunea a început înainte de momentul la care se face referire şi va continua după acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe în limba engleză care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durată e inclusă în conţinutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know.

Present Tense Simple

Afirmativ/ Negativ I read/I do not (don’t) read You read /You do not (don’t) read He/she/it read He/she/it does not (doesn’t) read We read /We do not (don’t) read You read /You do not (don’t) read They read /They do not (don’t) read Interogativ Do I read? Do we read? Do you read? Do you read? Does he/she/it read? Do they read? Present Tense Simple se foloseşte pentru a arăta o acţiune regulată, obişnuita, în perioada prezentă.

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Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a writer. (Sunt scriitor.) What time do you usually go to school? (Când pleci la şcoală de obicei?)

Cum se formează Simple Present Tense?
Subject + auxiliary verb do + main verb base

Există trei exceptii importante pentru folosirea presentului simplu: 1. Pentru propoziţii positive de obicei nu se foloseşte auxiliarul. 2. Pentru persona a 3 a (he, she, it), adăugăm s la verbul principla sau es la auxiliary. 3. Pentru verbul to be, nu se foloseşte auxiliar chiar şi pentru propoziţii interogative sau negative. Observaţi aceste exemple cu verbul principal like:

subject I, you, we, they He, she, it

auxiliary verb

main verb like likes coffee. coffee. coffee. coffee. coffee? coffee?

+ ?

I, you, we, they He, she, it Do Does

do does I, you, we, they he, she, it

not like not like like like

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Observaţi aceste exemple cu verbul principal be. Observaţi lipsa auxiliarului. subject I main verb am are is am are is I you, we, they he, she, it French. French. French. not old. not old. not old. late? late? late?

+

You, we, they He, she, it I

-

You, we, they He, she, it Am

?

Are Is

Când folosim Simple Present Tense?
Folosim prezentul simplu când:
• • • •

Actiunea este genrală (the action is general) Acţiunea are loc mereu, in mod obişnuit, în trecut, present sau viitor. (the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future) Acţiunea nu are loc numai acum (the action is not only happening now) Afirmaţia este întotdeauna adevărată (the statement is always true)

John drives a taxi.
past present future

It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future. Citiţi exemplele:
• • •

I live in New York. The Moon goes round the Earth. John drives a taxi. 128

• • •

He does not drive a bus. We do not work at night. Do you play football?

Când folosim verbul to be, putem folosi prezentul simplu pentru a exprima situaţii care nu sunt generale. Folosim prezentul simplu pentru a arăta o acţiune care se întâmplă acum. Observaţi exemplele care folosesc verbul "to be" la present simplu – unele expreimă o acţiune la general, altele exprimă o acţiune care are loc acum.

Am I right? Tara is not at home. You are happy.
Past present future

The situation is now.

I am not fat. Why are you so beautiful? Ram is tall.
past present future

The situation is general. Past, present and future.

Present Tense Continuous

Se conjuga verbul to be la timpul prezent şi se adaugă forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am reading / We are reading You are reading / You are reading He/she/it is reading / They are reading Negativ I am not reading. You are not (aren’t) reading. He/she/it is not (isn’t) reading. We are not (aren’t) reading. You are not (aren’t) reading. They are not (aren’t) reading. Interogativ Am I reading? Are we reading?

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Are you reading? Are you reading? Is he/she/it reading? Are they reading? Present Tense Continuous se foloseşte pentru a arăta o acţiune în plină desfăşurare în momentul prezent. Ex. What are you doing? (Ce faci? ) I am writing a poem. ( Scriu o poezie.) De asemenea poate arata o acţiune care se desfăşoara pe timp limitat în perioada prezentă. Ex.: I have dinner at home in the evenings. This evening my husband takes me to a restaurant. ( Iau cina acasă în fiecare seara. În seara aceasta soţul meu mă duce la restaurant.) Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arăta o acţiune repetată. În acest caz, există o conotaţie afectivă (nemulţumire) sau acţiunea respectivă este caracteristică pentru acea persoană. Ex. Your children are always running on my lawn. You are always quarrelling with your sister when it comes to play games on computer.

We play basketball every Saturday!
1. Read. Helen Sanders is my favourite singer. She gets up at eight o’clock every morning. She has breakfast at nine o’clock. In the afternoon she plays the piano and sings. In the evening she visits friends or she goes to the theatre. She goes to bed at twelve o’clock. I like Helen Sanders! She’s a great singer. 2. Read again and put a tick (√) or a cross (X). 1. Helen gets up at seven o’clock every morning. 2. Helen has breakfast at ten o’clock. 3. Helen visits friends in the evening. 4. Helen goes to bed at eleven o’clock. 3. Put the words in the correct order. 1. Cindy/ get up/ six o’clock/ the morning. ……Cindy gets up at six o’clock in the morning. ………. 2. Lin/ have/ breakfast/ 8 o’clock/ the morning. ………………………………………………………………………………. 3. Masid/ eat lunch/ one o’clock. ………………………………………………………………………………. 4. Wendy/ go to/ the cinema/ Sundays. ………………………………………………………………………………

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4. Make sentences after the model: • What does Masid do on Mondays? He washes his lamp. wash his lamp visit his family fly to planet Ziccom play basketball swim in the lake go to the beach go to the cinema

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday • • • • • •

__________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 1. ……………….. get up? I get up at ……………….. 2. ……………….. have breakfast? ………………..………………..…… 3. ……………….. go to school? ………………..……………….. 4. ………………..have lunch? ………………..……………….. 5. ……………….. go to bed? ………………..………………..

5. What time do you …? Complete the sentences

6. Write: in/ on/ at Hi, I’m Kim Basser. I get up 1) at six o’clock. 2) ………………..in the morning. I have breakfast 3) ………………..seven o’clock. I have a shower 4) ……………….. eight o’clock. I meet my friends 5) ………………..noon and we have lunch. 6) ……………….. the afternoon I play tennis or listen to music. 7) ……………….. the evening I go to the theatre. I go to bed 8) ……………….. twelve o’clock 9) ………………..night. 10) ………………..Saturday I have coffee with my friends and 11) ……………….. Sunday I visit my grandfather and my grandmother.

7. Put the words in the correct order. 1. has/ a/ Cindy/ Fridays/ on/ lesson/ piano

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_________________________________________________________________ 2. every/ Eddy/ milk/ morning/ drinks _________________________________________________________________ 3. on/ Wendy/ cinema/ the/ Sunday/ goes/ to _________________________________________________________________ 4. afternoon/ every/ dances/ Lin _________________________________________________________________ 5. every/ has/ a/ Thursday/ lesson/ Oscar/ guitar _________________________________________________________________ 8. Look and write. Gardening fishing Horse riding Wendy √ X √ Tom √ √ X Oscar X √ √ Cindy √ X √ e.g. Wendy likes gardening and horse riding. She doesn’t like fishing. Tom_________________________________________________________________ Oscar________________________________________________________________Cind y________________________________________________________________ 9. Read and write. Do you like I don’t swimming A. Do you like sailing? Do you

B. Yes, I do. _______________________ A. No, _______________________ . Do you like _______________________ B. No, I don’t

10. Read and fill in. gets goes has visits plays swims

Jack Michaels is my favourite basketball player. He gets up at six o’clock every morning. He ____________ in the pool at seven o’clock. He ____________ breakfast at eight o’clock. In

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the morning he ____________ to the gym or he ____________ his friends. In the evening he ____________ basketball. I like Jack Michaels! He is a great basketball player. 11. Read, choose and match. Winter Winter March January April February 12. Read and circle the correct answer. 1. Tom don’t/ doesn’t go to school. 2. What time does/ do you go to school? 3. She doesn’t/ don’t like ice-cream. 4. We play/ plays tennis every Sunday. 5. Oscar visits/ visit his grandfather every Monday. 6. He washes/ wash the car on Fridays. December May spring autumn summer June August September November October July

Cum scriem verbele la Present Continuous Tense?

Formăm prezentul continuu adăugând -ing la forma de bază a verbului. În mod normal este simplu, adăugăm -ing. Dar uneori trebuie sa schimbăm cuvântul. Sunt cazuri când se dublează ultima literă sau o omitem. Aceste reguli te vor ajuta cum să scrii corect verbele la present continuu.

Basic rule

Just add -ing to the base verb: work play assist see be > > > > > working playing assisting seeing being

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Exception 1 If the base verb ends in consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, double the last letter:

s
(vowels = a, e, i, o, u) stop run begin > > > stopping running beginning

t
consonant

o
stressed vowel

p
consonant

Note that this exception does not apply when the last syllable of the base verb is not stressed: open > opening

Exception 2 If the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y: lie die > > lying dying

Exception 3 If the base verb ends in vowel + consonant + e, omit the e: come mistake > > coming mistaking

13. Read and write. 1. I’m _writing__ a letter. (write) 2. They’re ____________ their bikes. (ride) 3. She’s ____________ in the park (run) 4. I’m ____________ in the lake. (swim) 5. We’re ____________ lunch. (have) 6. They’re ____________ a snowman. (make) 14. Look and read.

Dear Mum and Dad,

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It’s cold and windy here in Snowdonia but I’m wearing my jacket and my red hat. I’m watching Oscar and Eddy. They are making a fun snowman. Everyone’s having fun here! Lots of love, Cindy.
Dear Mum and Dad, We’re having fun in Barbados! It’s hot and sunny today. I’m sitting on the bench and Teresa’s swimming. Is Eddy having fun in Snowdonia? Love and kisses, Sharon and Teresa.
Now make your own postcard! Start like this: Dear Mum and Dad, I’m________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 15. Read and write. e.g. ride – riding 1. have – 2. run – 3. swim – 4. dance – 5. write – 16. Read and ask. e.g. Lin/ watch TV Is Lin watching TV? 1. Masid/ sleep _____________________________________________________________________ 2. you/ listen to music _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Cindy/ eat a hot dog _____________________________________________________________________ 4. they/ make a cake 135

_____________________________________________________________________ 5. Oscar and Eddy/ have fun _____________________________________________________________________

COLOURS Choose the right answer for each question about colours: 1. If you mix yellow and red you make: a. Green b. Blue c. Orange d. Purple 2. If the light is __________ you need to stop. a. Green b. Yellow c. Violet d. Red 3. Zebras are: a. Blue and white b. Grey and white c. Grey and black d. Black and white 4. Which of these is not an eye colour? a. Grey b. Blue c. Brown d. Purple 5. If you mix red and white, you get a. Purple b. Indigo c. Pink d. Orange 6. The rainbow is red, orange, green, blue, indigo, and violet. What colour is missing? a. Yellow b. Brown c. White d. Black

TONGUE TWISTER The boy at the door has got a book from school! The girls are drinking orange juice with the genie!

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COMMON ERRORS IN ENGLISH1 stranger It was interesting to have class discussions with other strangers. ☺explanation Strangers are people you’ve never met before. People of other nationalities are foreigners, but this is often used negatively, so avoid it. We don’t want foreigners here! √ right It was interesting to have class discussions with people from other countries. wrong John is a very unusual name in Britain. ☺explanation For many examples of something, say common, not usual. √ right John is a very common name in Britain. wrong

foreigner

usual common

1

Paul Hancock, Common Errors in English, Essex, Pinguin Press, 2001

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Lecţia 13

Past Tense Simple and Paste Tense Continuous (Trecutul simplu şi trecutul continuu)
Past Tense Simple

Past Tense Simple se formează prin adăugarea terminatiei – ed în cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to dance – danced Dacă verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie învăţat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma 1 – infinitiv, forma 2- Paste Tense, forma 3 – participiul trecut. Ex. to bring – brought – brought (a aduce) Afirmativ I/you/he/she/it/we/they brought Negativ I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not bring Interogativ Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they bring? Forma prescurtată a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t bring). Past Tense Simple arată o acţiune trecută, terminată, efectuată într-o perioada de timp trecută, terminată. Este tipul de naraţiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went to theatre. (Ieri am mers la teatru.) Last September I travelled to Hungaray. (În ultima luna septembrie am calatorit în Ungaria.) Choose the correct answer from those given. 01. ................... they in when you called? A. Wasn't B. Weren't C. Were being D. Was been

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02. It................ a nice day to go out for a walk. A. weren't B. wasn't C. was being not D. was not being 03. Yesterday, he.................. all day at the office. A. works B. worked C. is working D. work 04. .................... she answer the telephone when you called? A. Did B. Do C. Is D. Are 05. He................. his car in time to avoid the accident. A. didn't stop B. don't stop C. not stopped D. not doing stop 06. She.................. to the bank to deposit a cheque. A. go B. gone C. went D. going 07. We................. orange juice when we needed refreshment. A. drinks B. drunk C. drank D. dronk 08. They............... sandwiches on their picnic. A. eats B. ate C. eated D. eaten 09. I.................. took some work home from the office. A. taken B. takes C. token D. took 10. They................. hymns together in the church choir. A. singed B. sang C. song D. sung 11. She................. a bicycle until she had an accident. A. rid B. ride C. ridden D. rode 12. I................... to the airport to meet my friends when the tyre burst. A. were driving B. was driving C. were drive D. was drive
Telling a story. Give the correct form of the words in brackets.

01. Inside the police station, a sergeant (stand) __________at a desk, writing. 02. He still (write) __________ when the constable (bring) __________ Bert in, and he and the constable (stand) __________ in front of the desk until the sergeant (finish) __________. 03. Finally, he (look) __________up and (say) __________to the constable: "Where you (find) ____________________ him?" 04. "He (sleep) __________on a bench in the park. It (be) __________not easy to wake him up. As I (stand) __________ there, he just (go) __________on snoring. He (snore) __________so loudly, he (frighten) __________ the children." 05. "(complain) ____________________ anyone?" 06. "Two little old ladies (come) __________ up to me and (tell) __________ me that the 139

snores (make) __________ them nervous." 07. The sergeant (say) __________: "A man (telephone) __________ here and (tell) __________ me that he (live) __________next to the park and the noise (cause) __________interference on his TV. He (ask) __________ why we not (do) __________ anything about it." 08. He (turn) __________ to Bert and (ask) __________him if he (realise) __________ he (be) __________Public Nuisance Number One. 09. Bert (reply) __________ in a rush that he (be) __________ a heavy sleeper, that he (work) __________at night, and that he (be) __________ unable to sleep at home because his neighbour (give) __________piano lessons, and the students always (play) __________ Bach preludes, and he (hate) __________ Bach. 10. The sergeant (scratch) his head and said he (wonder) __________what the piano students (think) __________of Bert's trombone.

Past Tense Continuous

Se formează prin conjugarea verbului to be la trecut (Past Tense) şi adăugarea formei -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was reading /We were reading You were reading /You were reading He/she/it was reading /They were reading Negativ I was not reading / We were not reading You were not reading / You were not reading He/she/it was not reading / They were not reading Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t were not – weren’t I wasn’t reading. They weren’t reading.

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Interogativ Was I reading? / Were we reading? Were you reading? / Were you reading? Was he/she/it reading? / Were they reading? Arată o acţiune în plină desfăşurare într-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was dancing. (Ieri, pe vremea asta dansam.) Adesea, în aceeaşi frază, este posibil să apară un verb folosit la Past Continuous şi un verb folosit la Past Simple. În acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezintă fundalul de timp pe care se petrece acţiunea exprimată de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was waiting the bus, I met Mary. (În timp ce aşteptam autobuzul, m-am întâlnit cu Mary.) Este de asemenea posibil să apară într-o fraza timpul Past Continuous în mod repetat. În această situaţie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele arătând acţiuni paralele, în plină desfăşurare, într-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was writing, his sister was watching TV. (În timp ce John scria, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ing. Write down the ing form of the following words. Mind the exceptions in spelling. 1. live → 2. run → 3. give → 4. swim → 5. lie → 6. sit →
þÿ þÿ þÿ

þÿ
þÿ

þÿ þÿ

7. travel → Was or Were

Decide whether to use 'was' or 'were'. 1. Boris learning English.

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2. They _______swimming in the lake. 3. Your father _______repairing the car. 4. I _______reading a magazine. 5. You _______packing your bag. 6. My friends _______watching the match on TV. 7. It _______raining. 8. The dog _______barking. 9. The children _______brushing their teeth. 10. Anne and Maureen _______singing a song.

Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneţi verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. I sleep until 7 o’clock every morning. 2. He calls John on Sundays. 3. You speak French well. 4. You eat too much. 5. You ask too many questions. 6. I play soccer. 7. I own two cars. 8. I like to have a tea in the morning. 9. That sounds exiting. 10. I always make pancakes on Sundays. 2. Puneţi verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ şi interogativ: 1. He thought about her. 2. They drank all the whiskey. 3. I loved him. 4. He changed his look every day. 5. I sold my motorbike. 6. We worked very hard. 7. He came to school late.

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8. I enjoyed dancing. 9. He translated the novel. 10. He forbade her to go out tonight. 3. Puneţi verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. When you (come in)________________, I (have) ________________ a hot bath. 2. When I first (meet) ________________ her, he (work) ________________ in a shop. 3. While he (learn) ________________to ski, he (have) ________________ an accident. 4. As I (speak) ________________, someone (ring up) ________________. 5. Where you (go) ________________ when I (call) ________________ you? 6. What you (do) ________________ this time last year? 7. When I (enter) ________________ the classroom, the teacher (write) ________________ on the blackboard. 8. When I (arrive) ________________, they (have) ________________dinner. 9. This time last weekend, I (watch) ________________ a film on TV. 10. He suddenly (realize) ________________ that he (not wear) ________________his trousers.

REVISION OF IRREGULAR PAST TENSE

Read this passage from Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K Jerome and give the correct past form of the verbs in brackets.

It (cast) __________ a gloom over the boat, there being no mustard. We (eat) __________our beef in silence. Existence (seem) __________hollow and uninteresting. We (think) __________of the happy days of childhood, and (sigh) __________. We (brighten) __________up a bit, however, over the apple-tart, and, when George (draw) __________ out a tin of pine-apple from the bottom of the hamper, and (roll) __________ it into the middle of the boat, we (feel) __________ that life (be) __________worth living after all. We are very fond of pine-apples, all three of us. We (look) __________ at the picture on the tin; we (think) __________ of the juice. We (smile) __________ at one another, and Harris

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(get) __________ a spoon ready. Then we (look) __________ for the knife to open the tin with. We (turn) __________ out everything in the hamper. We (turn) __________ out the bags. We (pull) __________ up the boards at the bottom of the boat. We (take) __________everything out on to the bank and (shake) __________ it. There (be) __________ no tin-opener to be found. Then Harris (try) __________to open the tin with a pocket-knife, and (break) __________the blade and (cut) __________himself badly; and George (try) __________ a pair of scissors, and the scissors (fly) __________ up, and nearly (put) __________ his eye out. While they (dress) __________ their wounds, I (try) __________ to make a hole in the thing with the spiky end of the hitcher, and the hitcher (slip) __________and (jerk) __________ me out between the boat and the bank into two feet of muddy water, and the tin (roll) over, uninjured, and (break) a tea cup. Then we all (get) __________mad. We (take) __________that tin out on the bank, and Harris (go) __________ up into a field and (get) __________ a big sharp stone, and I (go) __________back into the boat and (bring) __________out the mast, and George (hold) __________the tin and Harris (hold) __________ the sharp end of his stone against the top of it, and I (take) __________ the mast and (poise) __________ it high up in the air, and (gather) __________up all my strength and (bring) __________ it down. It was George's straw hat that (save) __________his life that day.... Harris (get) __________ off with merely a flesh wound.... As for the tin... There (be) __________ one great dent across the top that (have) __________the appearance of a mocking grin, and it (drive) __________ us furious, so that Harris (rush) __________at the thing, and (catch) __________ it up, and (fling) __________ it far out into the middle of the river, and as it (sink) __________ we (hurl) __________ our curses at it, and we (get) __________ into the boat and (row) __________ away from the spot...

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PRACTICE: In each group of four, there is one incorrect sentence. Which one is incorrect? 1. Present simple a. We play football every weekend b. Do you like fish? c. I feel sick. d. He works at home today. 2. Present continuous a. I am learning Arabic at the moment. b. Is she sleeping? c. Look! They’re painting their house red! d. I’m really liking this cake – it’s delicious. 3. Past simple a. We played tennis on Friday b. Where did you go yesterday? c. Did you like the film? d. I knew him all my life until now. 4. Questions a. Do you want some tea? b. Is he here? c. Who did break the window? d. How often do you have classes? 5. Word order a. It was a big green bird. b. She speaks well English c. Are you feeling OK? d. Who were you talking to? 6. Auxiliaries a. I really do not agree with you. b. Do you want to help me or not? c. Does he is leaving today? d. Will you finish this work for me? LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

to be to bear

was, were bore

been borne, born

A FI A DUCE, A PURTA, A SUPORTA A BATE A DEVENI A ÎNCEPE

to beat to become to begin

beat became began

beaten become begun

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to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw to dream to drink to drive to eat

bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew dreamt drank drove ate

bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn dreamt drunk driven eaten

A SE SUPUNE, A ÎNDOI A MUSCA, A DEFĂIMA A BATE (despre vant) A SPARGE A ADUCE A CONSTRUI A ARDE A EXPODA, A IZBUCNI A CUMPARA A PRINDE, A SE MILIPSI A ALEGE A VENI A COSTA A SE FURIŞA, A SE TÂRÂ A REDUCE, A TĂIA A DISTRIBUI A ÎNFIGE, A SÂPA A FACE A ATRAGE, A STRÂNGE A VISA A BEA A CONDUCE, A GONI A M ÂNCA

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to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel to know to lay

fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt knew laid

fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt known laid

A CĂDEA, A SE DĂRÂMA A HRĂNI A SIMŢI A LUPTA A GĂSI A ZBURA A INTERZICE A UITA A IERTA A ÎNGHEŢA A DA A MERGE A CREŞTE, A SE DEZVOLTA A AGĂŢA A AVEA A AUZI A TĂINUI, A ASCUNDE A PLESNI, A NIMERI A PĂSTRA, A ŢINE A LOVI A ŢINE, A PĂSTRA A ÎNGENUNGHEA A CUNOAŞTE, A ŞTII A ÎNTINDE

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to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell

led leant learnt, learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold

led leant learnt, learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold

A CONDUCE A SE APLICA A ÎNVĂŢA, A STUDIA A LĂSA, A PĂRĂSI A ÎMPRUMUTA A ÎNGĂDUI, A PERMITE A FI CULCAT A PIERDE, A RĂTĂCI A FACE, A PRODUCE A CREDE, A SOCOTI, A GANDI A COSI A ÎNTÂLNI A PLĂTI A INSTALA, A PUNE A CITI A CĂLĂRI A CĂLĂRI A SE RIDICA A ALERGA A SPUNE A VEDEA. A OBSERVA A CĂUTA, A CERCETA A VINDE

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to set

set

set

A AŞEZA, A PUNE, A CORECTA A COASE, A DRENA A SCUTURA, A ZDRUNCINA A STRĂLUCI, A LUMINA A ÎMPUŞCA A INDICA, A ARĂTA A SE CONTRACTA, A SE ZBÂRCI A ÎNCHIDE, ADESPĂRŢI A CÂNTA A SE SCUFUNDA A DORMI A GLISA, A ALUNECA A MIROSI, A ADULMECA A ÎNSĂMÂNŢA, A SEMĂNA A VORBI A ORTOGRAFIA A CHELTUI, A CONSUMA A ÎMPRĂŞTIA A ÎNTINDE, A DESFACE A SE OPUNE, A

to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink

sewed shook shone shot showed shrank

sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk

to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand

shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood

shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood

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STA ÎN PICIOARE to stea1 to stick to stride to strike to strive to swear to sweep to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand stole stuck strode struck strove swore swept swam took taught told thought threw understood stolen stuck stridden struck striven sworn swept swum taken taught told thought thrown understood A FURA A ÎNFIGE, A LIPI A STA CĂLARE, A TRECE PESTE A LOVI, A IZBI A NĂZUI, A TINDE A JURA, A ÎNJURA A MĂTURA, A STĂBATE A ÎNOTA A LUA A INSTRUI, A PREDA A SPUNE A GÂNDI, A MEDITA A ARUNCA A ÎNŢELEGE

Lecţia 14 Future Tense Simple and Future Tense Continuous (Timpurile viitor simplu si continuu)

Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I, will la persoana II si III, la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. 150

Afirmativ I (shall) will read / We (shall) will read You will read / You will read He/she/it will read / They will read Negativ I (shall) will not read / We (shall) will not read You will not read / You will not read He/she/it will not read / They will not read Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t, iar pentru „will not" este won’t. Interogativ Shall I read? / Shall we read ? Will you read? / Will you read? Will he/she/it/ read? / Will they read? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I, se foloseste numai „shall". Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Ex. I (shall) will meet him next week. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare)

Future Continuous

Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I (shall) will be writing. You will be writing. He/she/it will be writing. We (shall) will be writing. You will be writing. They will be writing. Negativ I (shall) will not be writing. You will not be writing. He/she/it will not be writing. We (shall) will not be writing. You will not be writing. They will not be writing. Interogativ Shall I be writing? / Shall we be writing? Will you be writing? / Will you be writing? Will he/she/it be writing? / Will they be writing?

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Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. Ex. At three o’clock, I will be swimming in the Black Sea. (Mâine la ora trei voi înota în Marea Neagră.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Exerciţii cu viitor simplu şi continuu Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. I (know) the plan in three days’ time. 2. You (be) in Paris next Friday. 3. You (recognize) him when you meet him? 4. I (remember) this moment all my life. 5. I am sure you (like) this novel. 6. He (be) pleased if you call him. 7. I am not sure I (succeed). 8. You (remember) to repair my car? 9. I hope I (pass) the test. 10. You (not find) a way out if you don’t know the whole truth. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. This time next week, I (swim) in the sea. 2. When you reach London, it probably (rain). 3. Don’t ring her up at 7o’clock p.m. She (have) supper. 4. You (need) the car tomorrow or may I borrow it? 5. I am sure when I open the door, the baby (cry). 6. Let’s hurry to the railway station. The train (leave) in 10 minutes. 7. He (work) all day tomorrow. 8. This time next weekend, we (climb) the mountain. 9. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock, I (have) a surprise. 10. Don’t expect me home for dinner, I (work) at the office till late at night. Folosind cuvintele din paranteze, completaţi textul următor cu timpul potrivit (prezent simplu sau viitor simplu) 1. Today after I (get) _________________ out of class, I (go) _________________ to a movie with some friends. 2. When you (arrive) _________________ in Stockholm, call my friend Gustav. He (show) _________________ you around the city and help you get situated. 3. A: Do you know what you want to do after you (graduate) _________________? B: After I (receive) _________________ my Master's from Georgetown University, I (go) _________________ to graduate school at UCSD in San Diego. I (plan) _________________ to complete a Ph.D. in cognitive science.

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4. If it (snow) _________________ this weekend, we (go) _________________ skiing near Lake Tahoe. 5. Your father (plan) _________________ to pick you up after school today at 3:00 o'clock. He (meet) _________________ you across the street near the ice cream shop. If something happens and he cannot be there, I (pick) _________________ you up instead. 6. If the people of the world (stop, not) _________________ cutting down huge stretches of rain forest, we (experience) _________________ huge changes in the environment during the twenty-first century. 7. If Vera (keep) _________________ drinking, she (lose, eventually) _________________ her job. 8. I promise you that I (tell, not) _________________ your secret to anybody. Even if somebody (ask) _________________ me about what happened that day, I (reveal, not) ________________ the truth to a single person. 9. She (make) _________________ some major changes in her life. She (quit) _________________ her job and go back to school. After she (finish) _________________ studying, she (get) _________________ a better-paying job and buy a house. She is going to improve her life! 10. Tom (call) _________________ when he (arrive) _________________ in Madrid. He (stay) _________________ with you for two or three days until his new apartment (be) _________________ available. Will or Won't 1. Don't get up, I _________________ answer the phone. 2. If you eat too much you_________________ put on weight. 4. Don't stay out too late, you_________________ get up on time. 4. I don't think she_________________ pass the exam, she isn't very good. 5. You may as well go home now, I_________________ be back for hours. 6. Go to bed and you_________________ feel better tomorrow. 7. It's Mary's birthday next month. She_________________ be 18. 8. They are on holiday for two weeks so they_________________ be here tomorrow. 9. _________________ they want dinner?

10. If the weather is ok, the plane_________________ leave on time.

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Will / Be Going To 1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write) _________________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas. 2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get) _________________ you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up. 3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) _________________ it up so you can hear it. 4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) _________________ Paris, Nice and Grenoble. 5. Sarah (come) _________________ to the party. Oliver (be) _________________ there as well. 6. Ted: It is so hot in here! Sarah: I (turn) _________________ the air-conditioning on. 7. I think he (be) _________________ the next President of the United States. 8. After I graduate, I (attend) _________________ medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life. 9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter (help) _________________ you. 10. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) _________________ down to the beach and go swimming. Alegeţi forma corectă. 1 My friends are not sure what they're going to do this weekend. Maybe they _____ to the theatre. a) are going a) will work b) will go c) go d) are going to go c) is working d) works 2 John has decided to quit his job in Paris, he ________ in Aix en Provence. b) is going to work 3 Why have you taken off your suit? I _______ to work in the garden. a) go b) am going c) will go d) is going 4 Let's meet for a football match tomorrow. I'm afraid I ______ a doctor's appointment. a) am having b) has c) have d) will have

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Speaking English can kill you 1. The Japanese eat very little fat and suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. 2. Mexicans eat a lot of fat and also suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. 3. The Japanese drink very little red wine and suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. 4. Italians drink excessive amounts of red wine and also suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. 5. The Russians drink a lot of vodka and suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. 6. Germans drink a lot of beer and eat lots of sausages and fats and suffer fewer heart attacks than Canadians, British or Americans. CONCLUSION: Eat and drink what you like. Speaking English is apparently what kills you. Citiţi următorul text: Transformers This book (Transformers) is just a shortened version of the movie – without the songs. It has the same characters, the baddies: the evil Decepticons – Megatron, Frenzy, Starscream, Blackout, Barricade, Scorponok, Brawl and finally Bonecrusher. The other main characteres are the noble Autobots, or otherwise known as the good guys; they are Optimus Prime, Bumblebee, Ratchet, Ironhide and, last but not least, Jazz. All of the robots used to live on a planet called Cybertron where there was war. They could all turn into different cars and Bumblebee belonged to an adult called Sam Witwicky. The Hasbro Company wonderfully rewrote this story. Rating and Recommendation: I would rate it 7/ 10 and I would positively recommended ‘Transformers’ to anyone who enjoyed the film as much as I did.

Scrieţi o recomandare pentru o carte pe care aţi citit-o şi care mai târziu a fost transformată în film. Folosiţi timpurile învăţate (present simplu şi continuu, trecut simplu şi continuu, viitor simplu şi continuu)

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___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Our World Continents: • • • • • • • Africa Asia  Europe North America South America Antarctica Australia Oceans ▪ Arctic Ocean ▪ North Pacific Ocean South Pacific Ocean ▪ Indian Ocean ▪ North Atlantic Ocean ▪ South Atlantic Ocean

Exercise 1. How good are you at geography? Complete the quiz and find out. A World of Difference 1. Which is the furthest south? A Australia A the Pacific A Africa A Europe A North America B Antarctica B the Atlantic B Asia B Antarctica B China C South America C the Indian C Europe C North America C India 2. Of these three oceans, which is both the biggest and the deepest? 3. Which continent is larger than the others? 4. Where can you find the lowest temperatures in the world? 5. Where are the most inhabitants?

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6. Which country usually has the lowest rainfall each year? A India A the Mississippi A North America A Mandarin A Africa Adjective Big Deep Large Low Heavy long Expensive many/ much far few Remember! • • • Comparative + than: Asia is bigger than Australia. the +superlative: Antarctica is the coldest continent of all. as + adjective + as: Europe isn’t as hot as Africa. B England B the Nile B Antarctica B English B Antarctica Comparative bigger deeper lower heavier longer more expensive more farther/ further fewer C Australia C the Thames C Asia C Spanish C North America Superlative largest 7. Which of these rivers is the longest? 8. Which continent has the fewest people? 9. Which language is spoken by most people in the world? 10. On which continent are the fewest countries?

most expensive farthest/ furthest

Compare the cities in the table. Use these adjectives: hot, big, crowded, many, expensive, cheap, tall, short, clean, polluted. Temperature Size Population Tall buildings Pollution New York 4-12 ˚ C 831 km² 8,546,846 Empire State Building 381 m ** Los Angeles 9-21 ˚ C 1,390 km² 8,863,164 US Bank Key Tower 310 m *** Cleveland 8-13˚ C 213.5 km² 2,900,000 Cleveland Tower 271 m *

New York isn’t as hot as Los Angeles. 157

Exercise 2. Write a quiz like the one in exercise 4 about towns/ cities in your own country. Collect information from school textbooks, encyclopaedias or the Internet. Think about: pollution, lakes, cost of living, tourist attractions, parks, etc. Everyday English Exercise 3. Match the question to the answers. E e.g. Excuse me, where is the library? 1. Do you know where India is? 2. Could you please tell me the way to Hilton? 3. Where can I find Rome on the map? 4. Excuse me, how can I get to the supermarket? 5. Where exactly is Sweden? 6. Could you tell me where Acapulco is on the map, please? 7. Excuse me, where is Grand Central Station? D Go down South Street until you get to the park. The hotel is opposite the park. E It’s next to the park. F It’s in Mexico, it’s along the south coast. G The train station is on the corner of East 42nd Street and Park Avenue. H It’s located in the north of Europe. H It’s located in the north of Europe. B It’s in Italy. It’s on the west coast. C It’s located on the southern tip of central Asia A Go straight down this road and take the first left.

Exercise 4. Put the adjectives in brackets into the comparative or superlative. e.g. Asia is bigger than (big) Australia. 1. Russia is _______________________ (large) country in the world. 2. Italy has got _______________________ (few) people than Canada. 3. Which is _______________________ (tall) mountain in the world? 4. Cleveland isn’t _______________________ (polluted) Los Angeles. 5. Bicycles are _______________________ (cheap) cars.

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6. Annabel is _______________________ (beautiful) Catherine. Exercise 5. Underline the correct word. e.g. It’s very/ a lot more humid today than yesterday. 1. Do you feel very/ a bit better today? 2. South Africa is much/ a bit warmer than Iceland. 3. It’s very/ much cold here. 4. This restaurant is very/ much more crowded today than it was yesterday. 5. The countryside is much/ many quieter than the city centre. 6. Henry’s new house is a lot more/ very more spacious than his old one.

Lecţia 15 PROGRESS TEST Exercise 1. Use the phrases to complete the exchanges: ▪ Not really ▪ Yes, it’s great ▪ How about you ▪ I enjoy 1. A: Are you enjoying the evening? B: …………………………! It’s always nice to see old friends. 2. A: Do you jog in the morning? B: Yes, …………………………. it very much. 3. A: Do you still play the guitar? B: ………………………..! I don’t have much time anymore. 4. A: I go to rock concerts sometimes. ………………………? B: I don’t really like rock music. Talking about likes and dislikes Asking about likes • How do you like … (- ing)? • Do you like … (- ing)? 159 Expressing (dis)likes • (Yes,) It’s cool/ great/ brilliant! • I like/ love/ enjoy… (- ing).

Do you enjoy … (- ing)?

• • • • •

I love it./ I like it (a lot). I don’t mind it. Not really./ Not much. It’s awful/ boring. I hate it./ I don’t like it.

A: How do you like jogging? B: I like it a lot. How about you? A: I don’t like it. Exercise 2. Put the letters in the correct order to complete the sentences: 1. Don’t be silly! Of course we like your gift. (ilsly) 2. My brother likes to ……………………. online in his free time. (fusr) 3. The new discman is really ………………….! (oocl) 4. A lot of teenagers like to play ………………. at weekends. (psrtos) 5. The new Steven Spielberg movie is ……………………..! (lilbintar) Exercise 3. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct Present Simple form: 1. A: What ……………………….. (your mum/ do) for a living? B: She is a nurse. She ………………………….. (take) care of people in hospitals. 2. A: I ………………….. (not/ like) travelling all the time. B: Really? I ………………………(not/ mind) it. 3. A: ……………………….. (Carol/ still go) to university? B: Yes, she does. She is in her last year. 4. A: Where ……………………………. (Alex/ live)? B: He ………………….. (live) at 17, Denver Road. Exercise 4. a) Put the verbs in brackets in the present simple. She’s Jamie. She 1) ’s (be) 25 years old and she 2) ………………….. (live) in New York City. She 3) ………………………. (work) as a Computer Technician for a big company. Her sister who 4) ………………………. (live) with her 5) ………………………. (be) a dentist. She 6) ………………………. (travel) to work by bus because she 7) ………………………. (not have) a car. She 8) ………………………. (work) from 9 am till 5 pm, Monday to Friday. At the weekends, they always 9) ………………………. (invite) friends over to their

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house. Sometimes they 10) ………………………. (watch) films or 11) ………………………. (have) dinner together. Although, she 12) ………………………. (not/ like) it when the weekends is over, she 13) ………………………. (love) her life in New York City. b) Ask and answer Yes/ No questions about Jamie. Student 1: Does Jamie live in Tokyo? Student 2: No, she doesn’t. She lives in New York City. Exercise 5. Write the third person singular in the affirmative. 1. work – works 2. spend – 3. go – 4. teach – 5. love – 6. travel – 7. visit – 8. meet – 9. miss – 10. fly – Exercise 6. Underline the correct tense form. Then, identify the use. Write HR (habit/ routine), FA (fixed arrangement) and AN (action happening now). 1. I drive/ am driving home now. I should be there in about 10 minutes. 2. She reads/ is reading a new book every week. It’s her favourite pastime. 3. Our best friends come/ are coming over for dinner tomorrow night. 4. Alex and Mike usually rent/ are renting a DVD every Friday night. 5. Our boss flies/ is flying to Milan on Wednesday. 6. She works/ is working on her school project at the moment. 7. They go/ are going to work by bus every weekend. ……….. 8. She works/ is working as a nurse at Memorial Hospital. Exercise 7. Underline the mistakes in sentences 1-6, then correct them. 1. Lisa is going to the gym every Tuesday. ……goes….. 161 ……….. AN ….. …….. ….. ……….. ………..

2. My parents aren’t go out tonight. ……….. 3. Nathalie goes to a party on Thursday at 8 o’clock. ……….. 4. Our neighbours plays basketball every Friday. ……….. 5. We are study very hard for our exams this week. ……….. 6. I doesn’t have lessons on Sundays. ……….. Exercise 8. Write the –ing form of the following verbs, then use them to describe your colleague. 1. sit – 2. read – 3. eat – 4. drink – 5. wear – 6. work –

Exercise 9. Fill in the correct word. ▪ answers ▪ shift ▪ Net ▪ typical ▪ settled ▪ part ▪ update e.g. Sam usually answers his emails in the morning. 1. Many teenagers surf the ……………………….. in their free time. 2. The Smiths travelled a lot but eventually ……………………….. in Italy. 3. They ……………………….. their website every week. 4. Andrea is going to take ……………………….. in the local writing competition. 5. As a secretary, Ann works a ……………………….. 9-to-5 day. 6. Bill doesn’t like doing the night ………………………… Exercise 10. Match the jobs (1-6) to the places of work (A-G) e.g. racing driver 1. mechanic 2. architect 3. nurse 4. newsreader 5. dentist 162 ……… G……. A B C D hospital surgery office TV studio E restaurant

6. waiter

F G

garage racetrack

Exercise 11. Write the correct form of the verbs. e.g. I work – he works 1. I look – it 2. I fly – it 3. I read – he 4. I miss – he 5. I go – she 6. I travel – she 7. I teach – he 8. I meet – she 9. I study – he 10. I help – it Exercise 12. Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or present continuous. e.g. John works (work) in a shop. 1. Sally …………………………………… (often/ spend) a lot of time surfing online. 2. I …………………………………… (take) my car to the garage on Wednesday. 3. How …………………………………… (your parents/ earn) a living? 4. My brother ……………………………………(read) a very interesting book. 5. What …………………………………… (you/ usually/ wear) to work? 6. I …………………………………… (watch) TV every night when I get home from school. 7. It …………………………………… (snow) outside! 8. Nurses ……………………………………(take care) of sick people. 9. Sue …………………………………… (always/ catch) the train to work. 10. My best friend …………………………………… (have) a party next weekend. Exercise 13. Match the answers to the questions. e.g. What’s your name? 1. How do you earn a living? H ….. 163 A B Yes, two. I’m a doctor.

2. Do you work in a hospital?

…..

C D E F G H

Yes, I do. He’s a teacher. I work a typical 9-to-5 day. I like watching videos. I enjoy taking care of sick John Smith.

3. What do you like about your job? ….. 4. What are your working hours? ….. 5. What do you do in your free time? ….. 6. What does your husband do? people. 7. Do you have children? ….. …..

Exercise 14. Read the text and fill in the missing words. Nigel Peterson 0) lives in Maine, New England. He is 2) …..…..…..….. architect. Nigel has a regular work routine. He gets …..…..…..….. early, goes jogging and has a shower. Then he …..…..…..….. the train to work. He usually starts work …..…..…..….. around 9:00. He always checks his emails and updates the company website. Then he works on designs for new buildings. He usually ….. …..…..….. a break at about 2:00 but sometimes he works all day without a break so that he can leave early. At 5 o’clock or 6 o’clock …..…..…..….. the evening, Nigel goes home and …..….. …..….. dinner. He often watches a film on …..…..…..….. and goes to bed late. In his free time he reads books or meets friends, “It’s a great life,” says Nigel. “I’ve got a great job and enjoy my free time.” Exercise 15. Write an article about daily routine of someone you know (friend, parent, etc). Use the notes below and the text in exercise 14 as a model (80-100 words). • • • name, where he/ she lives, job morning, afternoon, evening activities how the person feels about their routine

………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

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………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………

Exercise 16. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs: ▪ read ▪ have ▪ do ▪ play

1. It’s 7:20 am. The Smiths ………………………… breakfast. They usually ………………………… breakfast together. 2. It’s Friday afternoon. Mr. Smith ………………………… the shopping. He always ………………………… it on Fridays. 3. It’s 4:00 pm on Wednesday. Tony ………………………… football. He always ………………………… football on Wednesday afternoon.

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4. It’s 7 o’clock in the evening. Ann ………………………… a book to her little brother. She usually ………………………… him a book in the evenings. Exercise 17. Read the text and, in pairs, choose the best word for each gap (1-8). Then explain the words in bold. Sarah Harper (0) B ……lives……… in the Sierra Mountains in California. She is a full time writer of children’s education. Sarah has a regular work routine. She gets up (1) ………………………… around 8:00. She (2) ………………………… a shower, gets dressed and takes her puppy, Flash, for a walk. They often walk for an hour in the forest. After their walk, at about 9:30, Sarah has breakfast and starts work. She always reviews what she wrote the day before, then she puts (3) ………………………… her favourite CD of classical music to get in mood to write. She has a break at 1 o’clock. She takes Flash out for another walk at about 2:30 then works again until 4:00. She has free time in the afternoon. She sometimes does the gardening or cleans the house. Most of the (4) …………………………, though, she updates her website and (5) ………………………… her fans’ emails. At 8 o’clock in the evening, Sarah (6) ………………………… dinner with her husband and after that they usually (7) ………………………… a film or play a board game. Then at 11:30 it’s time for bed. “I love being a writer,” Sarah says. “Most of the time I can (8) ………………………… what I like! It’s a great life.” 0 A live B lives B in B makes B on B day B writes B does B see B do C living C on C has C up C time C paints C has C look C have 1. A at 2. A does 3. A in 4. A hour 5. A answers 6. A makes 7. A watch 8. A be

Exercise 18. Look at the letter that Sam sent his friend Peter in Barcelona and match the appropriate heading to each paragraph. 166

1. Conclusion 2. Closing remarks 3. Greetings 4. Opening remarks 5. Main body A Dear Peter, B How are you? I am glad that you like your new life in Barcelona. As for me things are the same. C I wake up every early in the morning to walk Spot. She really enjoys her morning walks in the park. At around 7:15 I have a light breakfast and leave for college. My classes always start at 8 o’clock and the bus journey is at least 30 minutes long. After classes, I sometimes go for coffee with Tammy and Eric. We still go on that place on St Laurence Street. We love the ice-cream sundaes they make. At around 4:30 I go home, make myself a light snack and start doing my college work. My parents come home at 7 o’clock, we usually have supper together and then we watch a film on DVD. I go to bed at around 11 o’clock. D I guess that’s all about my daily routine. Write back soon. E Best wishes, Sam Exercise 19. Read the following extracts and say which are the opening remarks (O) and which are the closing remarks (C). 1 Hi! How’s everything? Hope you like it there. 2 OK, got to run. We’re going shopping and my friends are waiting for me. Write back soon. 3 Sorry I didn’t write earlier but I was quite busy. 4 That’s all my news for this week. I hope to hear from you soon. Take care of yourself.

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Exercise 20. Think about your daily routine. Make notes under the headings. Tell your partner. Morning

Afternoon

Evening Exercise 21. Fill in: answer, online, part, typical, shift 1. He spends most of his free time surfing __________________________ . 2. My mum works a __________________________ 9-to-5 day. 3. He’s taking __________________________ n a bike race Sunday morning. 4. They __________________________ their emails in the evening. 5. She doesn’t really like the night __________________________ . Exercise 22. Write a letter to your English pen-friend about your daily routine. Use the paragraph in Ex. 3 and your notes in Ex. 5 (60- 80 words). You can use the letter in Ex. 3 as a model. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Exercise 23. Choose the correct response. 1. A: How do you like tennis?

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B: a. I don’t like it B: a. I’m going out. 3. A: How often do you cook? B: a. Yes, often. 4. A: Do you enjoy jogging? B: a. Oh no! 5. A: It’s a great party, isn’t it? B: a. Nice to meet you.

b. Yes, it is. b. Stay at home. b. Never b. Not much. b. Yes, it is.

2. A: What are you doing tonight?

Exercise 24. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. (present simple/ continuous) 1. My mum _____________________ (cook) us dinner every day, but tonight we _____________________ (eat) out. 2. What _____________________ (she/ do) for a living? She _____________________ (work) as a nurse. 3. _____________________ (you/ wait) for someone? Yes, for Ann. We _____________________ (go) shopping today. 4. _____________________ (he/ catch) the train to work? No, he usually _____________________ (walk) to work. 5. Who _____________________ (he/ talk) to? Tom – they _____________________ (play) in the same band. 6. How often _____________________ (you/ visit) your grandparents? Once a month. I _____________________ (visit) them this weekend, actually. 7. How _____________________ (you/ like) tennis? Oh, I _____________________ (not/ like) sports at all. 8. Excuse me – _____________________ (anyone/ sit) here? No. it _____________________ (be) free. 9. What _____________________ (you/ usually/ do) at weekends? I _____________________ (play) baseball with my friends. 10. I _____________________ (feel) like walking. Let’s go out, then. It _____________________ (not/ rain) now. Exercise 25. Match the adjectives to their opposites. e.g. expensive ___F___ 169 A cramped

1. beautiful 2. quiet 3. spacious 4. tidy 5. bright

______ ______ ______ ______ ______

B C D E F

noisy ugly messy dark cheap

Exercise 26. Put the words in categories, as in the example. ▪ fireplace ▪ balcony ▪ attic ▪ fence ▪ porch ▪ wooden floors

Indoors: fireplace, ………………………………………………………………………........................................... ......................................................................................................................................... Outdoors:..................................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................................

Lecţia 16 PROGRESS TEST

Exercise 1. Read the dialogue and then explain the words in bold. Jim: Hi! I’m Jim. I live on the ground floor. Welcome to the building. Ann: Thanks. I’m Ann. Nice to meet you. Jim: So, how do you like your flat? Ann: Well, it’s a bit small but I’ve got an incredible view of the area and it’s much bigger than my old place. Jim: Well, if you need anything, I’m in Flat 8. Drop by anytime. Ann: Thanks! Everyone here’s so friendly. I really like Mrs Finch, and Mr Leyland makes me laugh. Jim: Ehm …I don’t know them. Ann: That’s funny! I see them every day when I go for my morning swim. Jim: Where do you go swimming? Do you belong to a gym.

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Ann: A gym? No! I swim in our pool – you know, the one behind the building. Jim: Um … That’s not our swimming pool. It belongs to the building next door! Read again and complete phrases 1-4. Then, make sentences using them. 1. live __________________ the 2nd floor 2. swim _________________ the pool 3. a view ________________of the area 4. belong ________________somebody

Exercise 2. Form collocations, and then make sentences using them. 1. b……………… of flats 2. g……………… floor 3. i…………………….. view 4. m……………… somebody laugh 5. m…………….. swim 6. n…………. ……….. door 7. d……………….. house That block of flats is very modern. Houses and Special Features terraced house block of flats villa semidetached house castle cottage detached house Features: indoors – outdoors

Exercise 3. List the words under the headings. Furniture/ appliances/ etc

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▪ garden ▪ fireplace ▪ wooden floor ▪ balcony ▪ swimming pool ▪ fence ▪ large windows ▪ porch ▪ chimney ▪ attic ▪ cupboard ▪ chairs ▪ carpet ▪ armchairs ▪ bed ▪ lamp ▪ wardrobe ▪ mirror ▪ fridge ▪ cooker ▪ shower ▪ towels Vocabulary on Houses • • • • • • Welcome to the building. So, how do you like your flat? If you need anything, I’m in flat 8. Drop by anytime. Everyone here’s so friendly That’s funny!

Exercise 4. Fill the gaps in the sentences with: ▪ ground ▪ welcome ▪ incredible ▪ drop ▪ friendly ▪ neighbours ▪ belong • A: Hi! I’m Helen. I live on the 1)______________ floor. 2)______________ to the building. B: Thanks a lot. I’m James. Nice to meet you. • • • • A: What are your 3)_________________ like? B: They’re all very 2)__________________ A: Wow, this is a great flat. B: Yes the view is 5) _________________ A: I’m thinking of moving into your building. There is a flat for rent. B: That’s great. You can 6) ________________ by anytime and see the flat. A: I love sports, especially swimming. B: Do you 7) _____________________ to a gym? A: Yes, it’s great. Exercise 5. Circle the correct word. 1. Places of interest often visited by tourists. A neighbours B sights

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2. A diagram that shows a plan of a place. A map A holiday 4. An area of a town or city. A village A smell A train station 7. An underground railway. A the Tube A library B the passage B hotel 8. A building where people pay to stay in a room. B neighbourhood B taste B attraction 5. Something that you sense with your nose. 6. A place people can visit for interest or enjoyment. B ticket B sights 3. A period of time when people relax away from their home.

Exercise 6. Find 14 words related to houses. Which of them do you have in your house? F R I D G E A X I D I F E N C E R C H A I R S Y E O P E C L N L P O F S U N R A L K B U P B W M A E I O B A C P C R G X O L F R E C A V A C O W W A R D R O B E P L D I D N X R O B E D O Y D U R M N Q P H G S C H I M N E Y C H R Q A T T I C

Exercise 7. Complete the types of houses. e.g. detached house 1. v_ _ _ _ 2. c _ _ t _ _ _ 3. c _ _ _ _ e 4. b_ _ _ _ of f _ _ _ _ 5. t_ _ _ _ c _d h_ _ se

Exercise 8. Read the email and choose the best word A, B or C for each space. Andy,

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Hi – how are you? I 0) hope everything’s OK back home. I really love my new 1)____________ here in Lancaster. It’s much cosier than my previous one. The best 2) ____________ is the view. I can see half from the city from my living room balcony. It’s 3) ____________! The flat is spacious. It has a large living room with a fireplace and a bright kitchen. There’s only one bedroom, but it’s 4) ____________ big. There’s even space for my large desk and bookcase. My bedroom has also got a 5) ____________ of the beautiful garden. My neighbours are very friendly and helpful, too. That’s 6) ____________ for now. Come and visit me whenever you like. You’re 7) ____________ anytime! See you soon! Chris e.g. A want 1. A 2. A 3. A 4. A 5. A 6. A 7. A space way incredible much look OK visit B like B place B thing B good B quite B feature B nothing B come C a lot C view C all C welcome C hope C thing C room C messy

Exercise 9. Write an email to a friend about your new house/flat. Use the words below and the text in the previous exercise as a model (60- 80 words) ▪ location (where it is) ▪ (number of) rooms ▪ features (indoor/ outdoor) ▪ neighbours

Dear …………………………,
………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

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………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………

See you soon!
………………………….. Exercise 10. Write the correct word. 1. You can see paintings there. 2. You can have a picnic there. 3. You can go to concerts there. 4. You can borrow books there. 5. You can have lunch there. a__ p_ _ _ m_ _ _ _ h _ _ _ l_ _ _ _ _ _ r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ g_ _ _ _ _ _

Exercise 11. In pairs, match the adjectives. Positive ▪ quiet ▪ tidy ▪ bright ▪ spacious ▪ beautiful ▪ dark Negative ▪ cramped ▪ noisy ▪ ugly ▪ messy

Exercise 12. Read the email and fill in the missing words. Susan, Hi – how are you? I hope everything 0) is OK back home. I really love my new place here in Colchester. It’s a bit more expensive than my previous one but is cosier. It’s quieter too. The best think about 1)________ is the garden. It’s really beautiful. The cottage itself is not very spacious. It has only one bedroom and 2) _________ small living room. The kitchen has very small windows so 3) ________ is quite dark. My bedroom faces onto 4)

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________ garden so, as well as having a lovely view, it is 5) ________ very quiet. Thank goodness for that because I have a lot of studying to do 6) ________ year. The bedroom doesn’t have 7) ________ storage space so I have to keep in neat and tidy. There isn’t a book out of place! The bedroom is bright and airy but is simple, with basic fittings and plain white walls. It’s not as luxurious 8) ________ the previous one but I don’t mind. The neighbours 9) ________ very friendly and helpful. They gave me the warmest welcome ever. That’s all for now. Do come 10) ________ visit me. Remember, I have a pare bed! You’re welcome any time! Ann xxx

Exploring Grammar Adjectives We use certain suffixes at the end of verbs, nouns etc to from adjectives in English. These are: -ese -ful -ive -ical -ish -less -ous -y -ed -ing China – Chinese beauty – beautiful act – active economy – economical long – longish hope – hopeless danger – dangerous green – greeny cramp – cramped bore – boring

Exercise 13. Look at the beginnings and endings below. Which ones can be used in Ann’ email? Which one is wrong? Which one is appropriate for formal letters?

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Dear friend Susan,

Dear Susan,

Dear Ms Smith,

…………………………………………………………… ……………………………… Best regards, Ann Exercise 14. Write the correct word. 1. You can borrow books there. l_ _ _ _ _ _ 2. You can see statues there. m_ _ _ _ _ 3. You can buy stamps there. p_ _ _ _ o _ _ _ _ _ 4. You can book a room there. h_ _ _ _ 5. You can have dinner there. r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Exercise 15. Circle the odd word(s) out. 1. hot – great – cold – rainy 2. cupboard – fridge – cooker – shower 3. cottage – lake – town – terraced 4. cramped – untidy – noisy – beautiful Exercise 16. Underline the correct word. 1. It’s a lot/ very colder in Moscow than in Istanbul. 2. Tokyo is very/ much more expensive than Cracow. 3. It’s very/ a bit hotter today than yesterday. 4. It’s very/ many crowded in here today. 5. Naples is a bit/ very cheaper than Rome. Exercise 17. Put the words in brackets in the comparative or superlative. 1. This café is much …………………………………..(noisy) that one. 2. Which is ………………………………….. (deep) ocean in the world? 3. Is New York ………………………………….. (expensive) Los Angeles? 4. Is the Nile ………………………………….. (long) the Mississippi? 5. Bombay ………………………………….. (crowded) city in the world. Exercise 18. Circle the correct response. 1. A: Drop by anytime! Love, Ann ……………………………… Yours sincerely, Ann

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B: a b B: a b B: a b

Thanks! That’s good. In the north of the city. On the corner of Apple street and Marble Street. I don’t mind. I don’t really like it.

2. A: Where exactly is the post office?

3. A: How do you like your new flat?

Exercise 19. Fill in the correct form from the list. ▪ quiet ▪ tidy ▪ friendly ▪ beautiful ▪ cramped ▪ dark 1. Your garden is ___________________ . There are so man different kinds of flowers. 2. This area isn’t very ___________________ because there is a train station nearby. 3. It’s too ___________________ in here. Why don’t you open the curtains? 4. John’s flat is so ___________________ - he hasn’t got anywhere to put his furniture. 5. He keeps his office ___________________ so he can always find what he needs. 6. My neighbour is so ___________________ . Last week she baked me a cake. Exercise 20. Write the opposite of the adjectives in the list, then make sentences. 1. quiet ≠ noisy My neighbourhood is so noisy, I can’t sleep at night. 2. tidy ≠ ………………. 3. friendly ≠ ………………. 4. beautiful ≠ ………………. 5. cramped ≠ ………………. 6. dark ≠ ………………. Everyday English Renting a house Exercise 21. Use the phrases to complete the dialogue. • tell me where exactly the house is? 178

• • • •

the garage large enough for two cars? can I help you? See you then. can I see it?

A: Hello! B: Good morning. I’m calling about the house for rent in Paddington. A: Oh yes. How 1) __________________________ . B: Could you please 2) ____________________________________________________ . A: Yes, it’s Apple Street, number 14. B: Are there wardrobes in the bedrooms? A: Yes, there are. One in each room. B: Another question. Is 3) ____________________________________________________? A: I’m afraid not. There’s only room for one car. B: That’s OK. When 4) __________________________ ? A: How about 7 o’clock tomorrow evening? B: That’s fine. 5) __________________________ . Exercise 22. In pairs, act out similar dialogues. Use the advert below.

2 – BEDROOM FLAT 2 – bedroom flat, Paddington. Large living room with fireplace, central heating. Garage. Close to shops. ₤ 1200 per month Contact Mrs smith tel: 020 3245 8459 A: ___________________________________________________________________________ B: ___________________________________________________________________________ A: __________________________________________________________________________

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B: _________________________________________________________________________ A: ___________________________________________________________________________ B: ___________________________________________________________________________ A: ___________________________________________________________________________ B: ___________________________________________________________________________ A: ___________________________________________________________________________ B: ___________________________________________________________________________ A: ___________________________________________________________________________ B: ___________________________________________________________________________ A: ___________________________________________________________________________

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Lesson 17 Progress Check TEST 1 Vocabulary2 A. Choose the correct item. e.g. I never..................about the future. A go B think A hoping B counting C work C wishing C working C join 1 My cousin is..................on me to help him with his homework. 2 Alex said he saw a famous singer..................autographs at the supermarket. A becoming B signing A adopt A showers 3 My mum wants to..................an endangered animal. B survive B experts C laws 4 Some countries have..................against air pollution. 5 We must use water
2

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A wise A pilot

B wisely

C wiser C famous

6 I'm sure Thomas will be..................in ten years. B architect 7 You are not..................to park here. A dangerous B allowed A recycle A blame B wash B believe C extinct C prevent C picture C digital music 8 You should..................paper to protect the environment. 9 Some people don't..................they can make a difference. 10 If I save twenty Euros each month, soon I will buy a new..................player. A mobile phone B power adaptor

B. Match the words. e.g. song 11 endangered ...... 12 sea 13 polar 14 mobile 15 rubbish 16 make 17 horse 18 web 19 get 20 global ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ..... ..... ..... K B phone C D E F G H I J K camera married warming species level bear riding a difference contest

C. Circle the odd one out. e.g. turn up 21 turn on 22 reject 23 turn down 24 change 25 turn off increase switch on turn down lower look into run off lower rock on accept switch off turn into switch off

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Grammar D. Put the verbs in the brackets into will or be going to form. e.g. Do you think Paul will study (study) hard for his exam? 26 I think Nicole ........................................(be)a teacher in ten years. 27 We all predict Jennifer.................................(win) the contest tonight. 28 Sam is certain his friend Ralph ...................(join) the army in the future. 29 Marina and I..................................................(visit) the zoo today. 30 Ben........................................................(see)the dentist tomorrow evening.

E. Underline the correct item. e.g. I will not go/am not going to the bank right now. I'm on my way to the market. 33 It's very hot. I will/am going to turn on the fan. 31 I promise I will/am going to bring pudding tonight. 32 My dad predicts Manchester City are going to/will win the Euro Cup next year. 34 There are no clouds in the sky. It isn't going to/won't rain. 35 We predict Harriet will/is going to be late as always. F. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct form. e.g. If you take the baby's toy, it will cry (cry). 36 When you waste energy, you............(make)global warming worse. 37 Unless we all try to use less energy, the earth's temperature..................(rise). 38 Unless you are careful when you drive, you ..................(have) an accident. 39 When we go to the safari park at the Bronx zoo, we..................(see) tigers in their natural environment. 40 If you...............(install) a web camera, your brother can see you on his computer screen. Everyday English G. Choose the correct response. e.g. Paul never talks to me about his problems, even though he's my best friend. 41 My sister gets annoyed very easily! What should I do? 42 I need to buy a gift for Angela, but I haven't got any money. What do I do? 43 I often lose my temper! What would you do if you were me? 44 I never have time to clean my room! What can I do?

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45 Jack and Helen are coming over for dinner tomorrow but I don't know how to cook! What should I do? A If I were you, I'd ask my parents to lend me some money for the gift. B Why don't you close your eyes and count to ten when you get angry. C The best thing to do is to clean it a little every day. D Why don't you find a recipe in a cookbook? E You should tell her a joke when she gets annoyed. F Why don't you ask him more questions? Reading H. Read the text and fill in the missing words. Teenagers today go through many problems. They often argue 46)...............their parents, have problems with their friends, worry 47)...............how they look and haven't got much money. The teenage years are difficult because young people go through new things, but these new things are; also exciting and don't always need to be so painful. One of the problems teenagers deal with is the homework they have to do every day. Teens would much rather 48) ............... time with their friends, 49) ............... sports or doing their favourite hobby. However, homework is an important part of school and it must be done by the students. Some things teenagers can do to spend less time on their homework, is to - choose a comfortable place to work - create a homework plan - start with the hardest part of their homework - ask for extra help 50)...............they need it. I. Write a short article for your school newspaper about the difficulty teens have when talking to their parents (80-100 words). Use the notes below and the text in Ex. H as a model. • What kinds of problems do teenagers face? (homework, friends, money, worry about how they look) • Why are arguments with parents such a big deal? (parents still control teenagers' lives, they often don't understand teens, it's important to be happy at home) • How can relationships with parents become easier? (telling parents how you feel about something can help them understand, parents will often give teens more freedom if teens act in a responsible way) 184

(Time: 50 minutes) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………… TEST 2 Vocabulary A. Choose the correct item. e.g. Don't feed the................... A litter A lead A rubbish A walk A leads B animals B plant B gates B hedge B gates C flowers C wall C music C work C walls 1 When you are walking in the countryside, keep your dog on a short................... 2 Loud..................disturbs the animals. 3 The weather is lovely today. Let's go for a ..................in the countryside. 4 Always keep .................. shut so animals can't get out of fields. 5 You should wear your..................when you take off in an aeroplane. 185

A helmet A regions A school A umbrella A like A eat

B goggles B litter B hall B sunscreen B want B throw

C seat belt C fences C time C rope C accept C feed

6 Don't drop..................when you are in the countryside. 7 Lots of children go to summer..................in England. 8 It's going to be very hot make sure you bring your................... 9 Many places don't..................credit cards. 10 You mustn't..................the animals.

B. Match the words. e.g. table 11 mobile 12 transport 13 hand 14 information 15 mountain A A manners B system C technology D phone E biking F luggage

Match the activity to the equipment. 16 rock climbing 17 mountain biking 18 swimming 19 kite surfing 20 tennis Grammar D. Put the adjectives in brackets into the comparative or superlative. e.g. Skydiving is more dangerous than (dangerous) horse riding. 21 Travelling by aeroplane is………………………………. (fast) travelling by bike. 22 I think that basketball is. ………………………………. (exciting) football. 23 Bus tickets are ……………………………….(cheap) air tickets. 24 I find History much……………………………….(boring) Chemistry. 186 A goggles B board C rope D racquet E bicycle

25 Mountain biking is………………………………. (exhausting) sport. E. Underline the correct word. e.g. You mustn't/needn't feed the animals. You might make them ill. 26 You mustn't/can park there. It is illegal. 27 You should/mustn't bring a present when you visit someone's house. It's polite. 28 Sandra can't/doesn't have to go to the supermarket; the fridge is full of food. 29 No, you needn't/can't go outside. It's raining. 30 I can/must go out with my friends after school because I don't have any homework. F. Fill in with on, in(to), off, out of or by. eg. I never get on a bus if it is full of people. 31 I think that our stop is next. Can you press the button so that we can get..........the bus? 32 I never go to work...........car. I always cycle. 33 If you are running late, why don't you just jump....................a taxi? It's much quicker. 34 When I got....................of the car after the long journey, my legs were stiff. 35 It is much healthier to go places....................foot. Everyday English G. Circle the correct response. e.g. Do you mind if I open the window, please? (A) No, not at all. A That's lovely 37 Can I pick this flower? A It's not allowed. A I'm terribly sorry. A No, not at all. B I see what you mean. B Yes, you're right. B Yes, of course B It won't happen again. 38 We should take our raincoats with us. It might rain. 39 It's very important to take a compass with us in case we get lost. 40 It's wrong to play loud music in the countryside! A Actually, I'd rather you didn't. 41 Don't do that! A Sure, go ahead. B Why not? 187 B Why is that? B Why not? 36 You mustn't feed the animals.

42 Is it all right if I borrow your pen? A Yes, no problem. Reading H. Mark the sentences (43-50) C (correct), I(incorrect) or D (doesn't say). Hi Jack! How are you? I'm really looking forward to our camping trip next weekend. I am sure you'll enjoy it. I know that this is your first time camping so let me give you a few tips. First of all, it's very important to bring a warm sleeping bag with you. It can get very cold up in the mountains. Unfortunately, the weather forecast is not very good for the weekend so you also need to take a raincoat and a pair of waterproof trousers. I am going to take my tent so you don't have to worry about that. You should put all your things in a rucksack because it will be much easier to carry. We will do a lot of walking when we are up in the mountains so you should have a pair of good hiking boots. Don't worry about food. Leave that up to me. Anyway, I hope this helps. If you want to ask me anything, let me know. See you next week, Jason e.g. Jason does not want to go camping. I 43 Jack goes camping regularly. 44 It is going to snow in the mountains. 46 Jack has to bring a tent. 47 Jason advises Jack to take a suitcase. 48 Jason walks a lot every day. 49 Jason is arranging the food. ..... ..... ...... ..... ...... ...... B Yes, I agree with you

45 Jason tells Jack to bring waterproof clothes. .....

50 Jack bought new hiking boots recently. ...... Writing I. Write an email to a friend, giving advice on what he/she should take with him/her on a beach holiday in a hot country. Use the notes below and the text in Ex. H as a model (80100 words.) Things to take: • sunscreen • hat • light clothes • sunglasses • swimsuit • money 188

………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… Lesson 18 Progress Check Vocabulary3 A. Choose the correct item. e.g. Don't feed the................... A litter A walls A goggles A walk A rubbish A wall A school A like
3

(B) animals B gates B helmet B work B gates B lead B hall B want

C flower C leads C seat belt C hedge C music C plant C time C accept

1 Always keep the..........shut so animals can't get out of fields. 2 You should wear your..........when you take off in an aeroplane. 3 The weather was lovely yesterday so Mary went for a..................in the countryside. 4 Loud..................disturbs the birds. 5 When I am walking in the countryside, I always keep my dog on a short................... 6 Lots of children go to summer..................in England. 7 Many places don't..................credit cards.

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8 You mustn't..................the animals. A eat A regions A umbrella B throw B litter B sunscreen C feed C fences C rope 9 Don't drop..................when you are in the I countryside. 10 It's going to be very hot make sure you bring your...................

B. Match the words. e.g. table ..A.. 11 hand 12 mountain 13 mobile 14 information 15 transport Match the phrases. 16 put on visit 17 visit 18 accept 19 blow 20 get into Grammar D. Put the adjectives in brackets into the comparative or superlative. e.g Skydiving is more dangerous than (dangerous) horse riding. 21 Mountain biking is...............................................................................(exhausting) sport. 22 I find History much ....................................................................(interesting) Chemistry. 23 Air tickets are................................................................................(expensive) bus tickets. 24 I think that basketball is.......................................................................(exciting) football. 25 Travelling by car is...........................................................(slow) travelling by aeroplane. A a taxi B friends C your nose D slippers E credit cards A manners B system C technology D luggage E biking F phone

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E. Underline the correct word. e.g. You mustn't/needn't feed the animals. You might make them ill. 26 John can/must go out with his friends after school because he doesn't have any homework. 27 No, you needn't/can't go outside. It's raining. 28 You mustn't/can park your car here. It is illegal. 29 People should/can't bring a present when they visit someone's house. It's polite. 30 Maureen can't/doesn't have to go to the supermarket; the fridge is full of food. F. Fill in with on, in (to), off, out of or by. e.g. I never get on a bus if it is full of people. 31 Why don't you just jump......................a taxi to get here? It's much quicker. 32 When Sean got......................of the car after the long journey, his legs were stiff. 33 It is much better for your health to go places ......................foot. 34 Can you press the button so that we can get .............the bus? I think that our stop is next 35 I always cycle to school. I never go................car. Everyday English G. Circle the correct response. e.g. Do you mind if I open the window, please? (A) No, not at all. B Why is that? 36 Is it all right if I borrow your pen? A Yes, no problem. B Yes, I agree with you. 37 It's wrong to play loud music in the countryside! A Actually, I'd rather you didn't. 38 Don't do that! A Sure, go ahead. 39 Can I pick this flower? A No, it's not allowed. A That's nice. A I'm terribly sorry. A That's true. B I see what you mean. B Why not? B Yes, you're right. B I'm surprised at you! 40 You mustn't feed the animals. 41 We should take our raincoats with us. It might rain. 42 It's very important to take a compass with| us in case we get lost. B Why not? B It won't happen again

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H. Mark the sentences (43-50) C (correct), I (incorrect) or D (doesn't say). Hi Sylvia! How are you? I'm really excited about our beach holiday next week. I am sure you'll enjoy it. I know that this is your first visit to my country so let me give you a few tips. First of all, it's very important to bring light clothes with you. It can get very hot during the day on the beach. The best kind of clothes to bring are cotton clothes that cover your whole body so that you don't get sunburned. But, of course, don't forget your swimsuit! The weather forecast says it is going to be very hot next week so be sure to bring a hat and sunglasses with you. I am going to take my surfboard so you don't have to worry about that. We will do a lot of sunbathing on the beach so it is important to bring a good sunscreen with you. Don't worry about a place to stay. My family has an apartment really near the beach. Don't forget to bring enough cash to buy some souvenirs. Anyway, I hope this helps. If you want to ask me anything, let me know. See you next week, Rene e.g. Rene really wants to go to the beach. …I…. 43 Sylvia visits Rene's country regularly. 45 Sylvia got sunburned recently. 46 The weather will be hot next week. 48 Rene sunbathes a lot every day. .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 44 Rene advises Sylvia to bring heavy clothes.

47 Rene and Sylvia will stay at the beach for ten days. …. 49 Rene and Sylvia will stay in an apartment. 50 Rene advises Sylvia to bring a credit card.

Circle the correct item. 1 Peter has loads of things to do. He's always ............for time. 192

A crazy A helmet A so A such A after A bicycle A such A so A off A out A hanging A surfing A keen A dull A exciting A watch

B pressed B mobile B such B so B up B bomb B very B such B up B off B taking B hiking B fond B keen B thrilling B watches

C angry C strip C very C too C out C stereo C so C up C after C up C collecting C playing C crazy C fun C boring C is watching C Leave it to me!

2 Gary always wears his cycling............when he rides his bike. 3 Larry's room looks very untidy. It's......a mess. 4 It's.........lovely weather! Let's go swimming. 5 I'm taking Karen ............ tonight. We are going to that new Chinese restaurant. 6 Look at Lucy's room. It looks like a............has hit it. 7 Brian is............a tall boy! 8 He is shouting..........loud! I can't even think. 9 Carol takes............her mother. 10 Danny is taking..........windsurfing this week. 11 Stamp...........is one of his favourite activities. 12 Jack loves............the Net. 13 Kelly is............of horse riding. 14 David is really.......on going to art exhibitions. 15 Steve can't stand skateboarding. He finds it 16 Dad............the news on TV every evening. 17 How do you like roller skating? A I just love it! B Come off it! 18 Alex is very interested.......computer science. 193

A in A doing A on

B at B is doing B at

C on C does C of B always is complaining C is digging C is complaining always

19 Mum............the shopping on Fridays. 20 Beth is really good............playing tennis. 21 Aunt Polly............about housework. A is always complaining A digs B dig 22 Grandma...........the garden at the moment. 23 They............to London next week. A is moving B are moving C move 24 He usually works until 5.00 pm but today he ............overtime. A do A mops B does B mows C is doing C prunes B What's up? B raking B greedy B calm B polite B wrinkles B fat B height C sociable C dishonest C smart C dimples C oval C teens C kidnap C That's the way I like it! C dusting 25 Robert............the lawn once a week. 26. Let's go camping, shall we? A What a good idea! A shovelling A brave A cheeky A caring A beards A curly A straight 27 Chris prefers washing the dishes to............the leaves. 28 Helen makes friends very easily. She's very 29 He always tells lies. He's a............person. 30 Sue can come up with great ideas. She's very............. 31 Mr Wilson is a middle-aged man with some............ on his forehead. 3 2 Monica is a tall and slim with fair.........hair. 5 3 Brian is of medium.........with broad shoulders. 54 I'm reading an article about a bank............ A mugging B robbery 55 I can't believe the police thought the old lady was the kidnapper! 194

A You can't say that! A have A gives A tell A witness B can

B What fun! C You can say that again! C did

56 What............you buy yesterday? 57 The robber shouted and the manager..........him the money. B given C gave B told B robber C telling C vandal C announcer C thunder 38 I............Nancy the story about the crime at the art gallery. 39 I saw everything! I was a............! 40 George works as a............at the bank. It's a dangerous job. A security guard A watering A laughing A before A with A nervously A tried A howling B ran B reading B superhero B mowing 41 When my cousin Sue hears the sound of ............, she is terrified. 42 The shoplifter was............behind her when I saw her. B trembling C looking B while B about B nervous C about C at C nervousness 43 Larry was listening to the radio...........I was reading a book. 44 Maria was........work when Kenny called her. 45 Tim looked at Jackie...........when she asked him the question. 46 I...........at Kelly's party at 7:30pm last night. C arrived C surfing C love stories 47 I was trying to sleep and my sister was.......... the Net. 48 Karl is not romantic at all. He only reads……….. A romance novels A walk A with A sorry B science fiction books C walked C of C worried 49 Were you reading a comic book when I ............in? B walking B about B angry 50 Joanne was so happy ............ her friends' engagement. 51 Henry was ............ with his uncle for not letting him borrow the car. 52 Take a........with you, so can see in the dark. 195

A handcuff A would A ordinary A funny

B bell B could B strong B kidding

C flashlight C used C tough C sleeping C appears C broke up

53 When George was younger, his mum........... cut his hair very short. 54 It's............being a teenager nowadays. 55 I'm not............! The story is true! 56 The World Wide Web............for the first time in 1989. A was appearing A broke down A shining A is seeing A picture A with A but A is A but A get on A I hope so! A was A afraid B appeared 57 Wendy and Jim............last week. They are both upset about it. B broke out B shine B saw B think B when B when B should B yet B give up 58 A star was falling and the moon was............brightly. C shines C sees C believe C as C and C will C though C look up 59 Joanna was walking down Howard Street yesterday, when she............Mr. Jacobs. 60 I can definitely............you as a manager in the future. 61 As soon..............I get married I will buy a house. 62 Will you give me that book to read............ you finish reading it? 63 I think Billy.........be a great doctor because he is very patient. 64 I already have a suit for the wedding. I need to buy new shoes............. 65 Even if you don't pass your driving test the first time, don't............! 66 I'm sure you'll be a great father. B Sometimes. C I'll call you. B will be B right C are C sure 67 I expect there............lots of traffic on the roads tomorrow. 68 I'm not............that Aria will come to the meeting tomorrow. 69 Finish your homework............you go to the park. 196

A before A fish A making A survive A am going to A will not be A turned on A if A bought A relax A on

B when

C as soon as

70 The yellow- eyed penguin is a........... B amphibian C bird B counting B live B will B aren't B turned off B when B will buy B will relax B with C can buy C relaxing C together C gets B I would be patient. C important C can C drop C up C I'm fine, thanks. C isn't C turned down C since C protecting C survival C will be 71 We are............on you to help us. 72 We must help with the............of endangered species. 73 I............buy a gift for Tom this weekend. 74 When you are in a hurry, you usually...........careful. 75 Jason ............ the job offer because the company was too far away. 76 I will be happier.........you turn on the radio. 77 If Mary............a mobile phone, I could talk to her more. 78 I'm tired. I just feel like............today. 79 Yes sir, this toy comes............batteries. 80 Danny.........annoyed and bored very easily. A happens B has A What's your name? A happy A would A give A on B sorry B will B damage B out 81 What would you do if you were me? 82 I'm.......to hear your grandmother died. 83 If I were you, I............visit my parents for the holidays. 84 Don't............litter in the countryside! 85 Gloria will pick Harry............from soccer practice tonight. 86 We............feed the animals. It says so on the sign. 197

A will not B mustn't A on A fasten A visit A by A option B up B lock B carry B off B part

C didn't C at C pull C blow C on C permission C Excuse me.

87 Henry picked............Jane because she was wearing a funny shirt. 88 When you get into a car, you must............your seat belt. 89 It isn't polite to............your nose in public. 90 I got..........the bus and looked for an empty seat. 91 You don't need to take ............ in the activities. 92 Do you mind if we leave at 6am tomorrow morning? A No, not at all. A leaves A land B Sure, go ahead. C leave C swim B It's too thrilling! C Bicycles C too C harder C sit down C fasten C It's too interesting! 93 Don't...........the school without permission. B leaving B dare 94 I don't think Gary would ............ to go Whitewater rafting. 95 Why don't we go sky diving? A It's too dangerous! A Trains A any A hardest A stand up A send Lecţia 19 Progress Check Vocabulary B Trainers B some B more B be quiet B borrow 96 ............are faster than buses. 97 We must take.........sunscreen to the beach. 98 It gets harder and..........to go rock climbing the older you get. 99 For your safety, you must..........for take-off and landing. 100 Can I............your mobile phone, please?

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A. Match the opposites. e.g beautiful F 1 plain .................. 2 long .................. 3 formal .................. 4 tight .................. 5 trendy .................. A old-fashioned B casual C baggy D short E fancy F ugly B. Underline the correct word. e.g. Our boat leaves in half an hour, we must leave immediately/greatly. 6 I think I'll pay cash/cheque. 7 You look great! Blue really fits/suits you. 8 How much do teachers earn/cost a year? 9 Would you like to try out/on this dress? 10 Do you take credit cards/cheques? C. Fill in the correct word. • second-hand • torn • range • traveller's • stuck • destination • postal • department • facilities • voucher • silver e.g. Use the silver platter for this special occasion. 11 Oh, no! My skirt is.......................................! 12 Sam always uses .............................cheques when he goes abroad. 13 I bought a new camera yesterday but the buttons are.................................................... 14 Italy is a great holiday .................................. for families. 15 The youth club offers ................................... for children of all ages. 16 The new shopping mall has a wide .......................................of shops. 17 What about a gift....................................... for Greg's birthday? 18 Macy's is a famous ..................................... store in New York. 19 My mum sent me a.............................order for my birthday. 20 You can find........................................items at a flea market. Grammar D. Underline the correct item. e.g. The book is coming out/off this week. 199

21 I don't think the price of petrol will come across/down soon. 22 You won't believe who I came off/across at the supermarket! 23 Their new album hasn't come in/out yet. 24 Mr Smith's name came up/down a lot during the meeting. 25 You can come across/round any time you like.

Adjective Placement
1. Opinion Example: an interesting book, a boring lecture 2. Dimension Example: a big apple, a thin wallet 3. Age Example: a new car, a modern building, an ancient ruin 4. Shape Example: a square box, an oval mask, a round ball 5. Color Example: a pink hat, a blue book, a black coat 6. Origin Example: some Italian shoes, a Canadian town, an American car 7. Material Example: a wooden box, a woolen sweater, a plastic toy E. Put the adjectives in the correct order. e.g. It's a red/beautiful/linen skirt. It's a beautiful red linen skirt. 26 They are silver and red/antique rings. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 27 It's a(n) antique/beautiful/wooden desk. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 28 It’s a little/ cute/ brown and black teddy bear. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 29 It’s a(n) red/ glass/ modern vase. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 30 They’re pretty/ silk/ white gloves. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

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F. Rewrite the sentences in the passive. 31 We didn't invite Eileen to the wedding. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 32 The rain spoiled our weekend. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 33 His family runs the restaurant. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 34 The company employs 500 people. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 35 Mary has sent an email to the online shopping site. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Everyday English G. Circle the correct response. 36 A: What size are you? B: a The right size. b A medium. 37 A: Could I write a cheque? B: a I'm afraid we don't take cheques, b No, thank you. 38 A: I'll take these gloves, please. B: a Can I have a look at them? b How would you like to pay? 39 A: Could you sign here, please? B: a Thank you. b Of course. 40 A: Excuse me, there's something wrong with this toy. B: a That's fine. b Let me have a look. 41 A: Can I help you? B: a Just great. b I'm just looking. 201

42 A: I'd like a replacement, please. B: a Of course. Can I have the receipt? b No, thank you. Reading H. Read the email and fill in the missing word. Dear Sir/Madam, I'm writing 43)................express my dissatisfaction with 44)................product I bought from you that was advertised 45)................television. Last month, I ordered a toy robot (product code R 5871) after I saw your television advertisement. When I received 46) ................robot, it was damaged. One of the arms came 47) ...............and it was scratched. What really annoyed me was that the person I spoke to from the Customer Service department was 48)................rude. He insisted that the robot was 49)................perfect condition when it was sent. I would greatly appreciate it if you could look into the matter. I feel that I deserve an apology as well as a replacement. I hope that you will deal with this matter quickly. Please contact 50) ................at the email address above, or at 0262-3360771, weekdays after 8 pm. Yours faithfully, Steven Brown Vocabulary A. Choose the correct item. e.g. Mark's uncle works as an escape............ A dancer (B) artist C eater C menu C still C personality C wand C fried 202 1 I had lunch with my school friends in the school............ A restaurant B canteen A flat A character A stick A did B soft B person B cane B done 2 Would you like sparkling or...........water? 3 Charlie Chaplin created the tramp............ 4 The magician uses a magic........... . 5 Would you like your meat medium or well...........?

6 My dad's job is top............ A silent A safety A ask A birth B sure B order B anniversary B hidden C secret 7 My parents always eat...........food. C healthy C call C birthday C ropes C strait-vest C mind 8 Are you ready to...........your meal now? 9 We bought a big...........cake for Jane. She's ten. 10 The police put...........on the prisoner. A handcuffs B chains A strait-coat B strait-jacket A head B brain 11 The magician was wearing a............ 12 Would you please make up your...........?

B. Match the words. e.g. pasta G 13 haunted ....... 14 playing ... .... 15 frying ....... 16 acting....... 17 fatty ....... 18 bowler ...... 19 magic ....... 20 fairytale ....... Grammar C. Fill in the gaps with some, lot of, any, many, much. e.g. A: Are there any biscuits left? B: Yes, there are some. 21 A: Would you like.................tea. 203 I food F hat G dish H pan A castle B cards C house D career E tricks

B: No thanks. I already have........... 22 A: There aren't.................eggs left. B: I'll go to the shop and get........... 23 A: There were a.............people at the show. B: Good! Did you see ................. of your friends there? 24 A: How.................people are coming? B: Not.................. 25 A: How.................did you spend on food? B: Not.................. D. Put the verbs in the brackets into the past simple or the present perfect. e.g. Ken has been (be) to Kenya twice. 26 They........................................................(go) on holiday to Argentina last summer. 27 How long..............................(you/be) here? 28 He ................................................(never/be) on a roller coaster ride. 29 Julia..................................(go) to a meeting in Bristol. She'll be back tomorrow. 30 I...........................................(not/see) David since last year. 31 We .......................................................(rent) a house in the mountains last weekend. 32 Houdini ...........................................(create) the Challenge Act in 1898. 33 Where .........................(be) Dan last night? 34 She ....................................................(direct) her first movie last year. 35 He.........................................................(live) in Austria since June. Everyday English E. Circle the correct response. 36 A: Would you like some tea? B: a I'd prefer coffee. b So would I. 37 A: Do you like sushi? B a Yes please. b Not really. 38 A: How about going to the theatre tonight? B: a Yes, I like that. b Yes, I’d love to. 204

39 A: Would you like something to drink? B: a Orange juice, please. b Yes, I do. 40 A: My parents bought me a car for my birthday. B: a Wow! b That sounds terrible. Reading F. Fill in the missing words. Hi Matt, How are you? I 41) .............having a great time here in Seattle. I've been here 42).............a week now. I 43).............seen a lot of my friends and I spent Thanksgiving with my family. We had 44) ............. lovely meal together. We ate the traditional turkey, sweet potatoes and cranberries. My mum tried 45).............make a pumpkin pie but she overcooked it. She went crazy. It 46) ............so funny seeing her shouting at everyone. Then we watched football. My parents 47).............very happy to have 48).............the family around. We really had a lot 49).............fun. I hope you 50).............having a good time in London. Talk soon, Charlie Vocabulary A. Look at the smileys and complete the sentences using the adjectives below. • angry • depressed • fed up • embarrassed • confused • happy

e.g. Paul was very happy because he passed a difficult exam 1 She doesn't understand what's going on; she's a bit..........................

2 I'm................................at work! I can't stand it anymore. I'm going to leave. 3 Jill was..............................because she couldn't remember the girl's name.

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4 Ian has been...............................ever since he lost his job. 5 I'm so..........................with Tom for what he did; I'm never speaking to him/again. B. Match the words. e.g. business F 6 cartoon 7 soap 8 mobile 9 sign 10 fashion A language B phone C show D strip E opera F report

C. Complete the sentences with the correct verb. • send • take • leave • make • chat • keep e.g. I always try to keep in touch with my aunt in Australia. 11 Greg and I never..............................online; we prefer talking on the phone. 12 Can I ..........................a phone call, please? 13 Did Mark......................................you a text message yesterday? 14 If John isn't at home, ............................ a message on his answering machine. 15 Do you .................................................... photographs with your mobile phone? Say or Tell?4 Say and tell have similar meanings. They both mean to communicate verbally with someone. But we often use them differently. The simple way to think of say and tell is:
• •

You say something You tell someone something You tell someone something

Ram told Jane that he was tired.You say something
4

http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/cw-say-tell.htm

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Anthony says you have a new job.Ram said that he was tired. Tara said: "I love you."

Anthony tells me you have a new job. Tara told John that she loved him.

But, of course, it is not always so easy. Here are a few rules to help you. Personal object We usually follow tell with a personal object (the person that we are speaking to). We usually use say without a personal object:
• • • •

She told me that she loved John. She said that she loved John. He told everybody that he had to leave. He said that he had to leave.

Say "to someone" With say, we sometimes use "to someone":
• • • •

He said to me that he was tired. Tara said to Ram that he had done very well. Anthony said to her, "I hope you come soon." "I'd like to sleep," she said to him quietly.

Direct speech We can use say with direct speech. We use tell only with direct speech that is an instruction or information:
• • • •

Amanda said, "Hello John. How are you?" "That's great'" she said. He told her: "Open the door quietly." She told me, "I have never been to England."

We can use say with direct questions, but we cannot use tell:
• •

She said: "Do you love me?" The policeman said to the prisoner, "Where were you at 8pm?"

Reported speech We can use say and tell to talk about reported information:
• •

She said that it was raining. She told me that she would call at 2pm.

We cannot use say or tell to talk about reported questions. We must use ask (or a similar verb):
• •

She asked if I had ever been there. They asked what I wanted to eat. 207

• •

She asked where he lived. He asked if she wanted to go home.

Orders, advice We use tell + object + infinitive for orders or advice:
• • •

She told him to sit down. They told me not to wait. Tell Neil to have a holiday and forget her.

Phrases Here are a few fixed phrases with tell. We cannot use say with these phrases:
• • • • •

tell (someone) a story tell (someone) a lie tell (someone) the truth tell the future (= to know what the future will bring) tell the time (= know how to read a clock)

Right and wrong Read these examples of correct and incorrect usage: We cannot... say someone to do something say someone something tell something tell to someone These are NOT possible... Tara said Jo to go away. Panita said me that she was hungry. He told that he likes coffee. Tookta told to me that she was coming. These are possible... Tara told Jo to go away. Panita told me that she was hungry. He said that he likes coffee. Tookta told me that she was coming. Tookta said to me that she was coming. say a lie tell somebody "direct speech" (except instructions and information) Siriluck always says lies. Ram told Nok: "Let's turn on the TV." Siriluck always tells lies. Ram said to Nok: "Let's turn on the TV." (Ram told Nok, "Turn on the TV.") (Ram told Nok: "I was born in 1985.") say or tell a reported She said if I wanted to come. She asked if I wanted to come.

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question Grammar

Tookta told what I wanted to do.

Took asked what I wanted to do.

D. Underline the correct verb. 16 Can you tell/say me the way to the post office, please? 17 Can little Jane tell/say the time? 18 She never tells/says good morning when she arrives. 19 I can't tell/say the difference between the two pictures. 20 I'm sure he's not telling/saying me the truth. E. Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. 21 “I can't run any faster”, she said. She said that she .......... ...................................................... any faster. 22 “What did Maria tell you?” she asked. She asked me ................. .............................................................. 23 “I'll call you later,” John told me. John told me that ............ ................................................... later. 24 “Do you know Mark's address?” Martin asked me. Martin asked me...........................................................................................................address. 25 “Kate woke up at six this morning,” her mother said. Her mother said that.................................................................................at six that morning. Everyday English F. Circle the correct response. 26 A: Hello. Can I speak to Tony, please? B: a Hold on a moment. b Yes please. 27 A: Didn't you say Fiona was on her way? B: a Let me get this straight. b No, I didn't. 28 A: You don't look very happy. B: a What's wrong? b Actually, I'm furious. 29 A: My exams are driving me crazy! 209

B: a I'm crazy about this! b Cheer up! Things can't be that bad. 30 A: I thought you said there was no problem. B: a What I meant was things are getting worse. b Actually, I'm a bit worried.

Reading G. Read the text and circle the correct item. Should teenagers surf the Internet under the supervision of an adult? Should children be allowed to surf the Internet without the supervision of their parents? In my opinion, children should always be supervised while surfing the Internet because it is important to make sure that they don't have access to certain material. Firstly, there are far too many sites that contain information and images that children should not see. There are many things that children do not understand and that could upset or confuse them. Furthermore, it can be very bad for children's eyes. Sitting in front of a computer for a long time isn't good for anyone, so parents should monitor the time that children spend on the Internet. There are more important dangers though. I believe that it is dangerous to let children use chat rooms without supervision. Many people tell their children not to talk to strangers on the street and so in the same way they should be careful of who their children talk to on the Internet. On the other hand, it can be said that the Internet is very educational and children should be allowed to surf as they wish. In this way they can come across a variety of sites on different subjects of interest. In conclusion, I strongly believe that it is essential for parents to supervise their children while they use the Internet so as to protect them from people and material that could be of harm to them. 31 The writer believes children should be allowed to surf the Net unsupervised. A Right B Wrong C Doesn't say 210

32 All children know how to use the Internet. A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right A Right B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong B Wrong C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say C Doesn't say 33 Some sites contain information not suitable for children. 34 There are only a few websites on the Internet. 35 Children could be upset by some things they see online. 36 Using the Internet a lot is good for your eyes. 37 Only nice people use chat rooms. 38 All parents let their children use chat rooms. 39 Children are told not to talk to strangers. 40 The Internet is very educational. 41 There are sites about motor racing on the internet. 42 Sitting in front of a computer for a long time is good for everyone. 43 Children say they don't like the Internet. 44 The Internet can be dangerous. 45 Many children have been harmed from using the Internet.

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