You are on page 1of 31

\,

B.A(Myanmar),

M.A(Sriianka},

Ph.O(india)

=O)¥1CG~~' =O)fG=3()'lcoG~9°O' =O)FO")()ClDcSlQ)0J.)0~' ~cSlOO")oWO?

I
,Il
'It·

l
)1
11

j

I

I
i

f

II

access at: www.foreverspace.com.mm

~bloS~J<":f)
~ Q~~OOGSloSo::n9J~So2O:X>'l~
"

oosr8d? 8Q)SG8fQ)S;S:~9J'):
~1?:g (9Q)S ~:~~:C'6S9J'):
~:oS8cxp:(YJ.)

~~:~i~~~i~
QC

QC"

~~: GQ)SQ)S? (J.t;OOGo'lOOt':>Q~O')Gol9~g:>:G'l: ) '{ 9JGooSlt9Jj9S ~()eCX(OSGO 19~~0l~II ~

<X205Go::o~y,S + jOOOy§,§1Q)oSro8=oo 9(05GO::O~94@~+ ~03(l)94@~ se6GG1+ \,000 GJ~p~:3¥:' + ;~oo8:0~ GJoS~?~:00J8+ 94801= 94068:0008 + e:"iI~:~8 O;?~qI[O')')Q)?~ + oo8:G<-'SrooS (94008:~~) =::O¥?G'F0~§3:s?i'1 :D?OJ¥?G'Fe:~:S?t (~05~ro8~~05 - 0\'~9? I°J-09'J) . q'8~oSa5~&G'F<jfe:08:~8.

§9~05,83919t;;~H

o;?~~=Q)')~

~8:Gci&rooS (94008:~~)

~,6~

+ e:ro8G=8G<T.lP CFi-O/~O~?) Q)oSGm56gSd3oS o'~
L.a L

clro8f6§ScmG0~t ~:::DOiJtgd5aSG3cr ro'ft6~g G~gOj?gG()gGOJ.) gCltClt? (ttgroG()~O).p1 ~tO?t)t~ 06t()Jllo:nro'ft~~~6G()gGOJ.) g«tg2~a?t (oig)o?s;Dg ~oogGmlgcgO)t9.ub,J'""" II U II 'l t:::

94~05-o9'21'JO;OO~:I --.S,,()')')81~L~oSl 'l~O(t[§[.u :'t? g~Q)')GO. §~g':l:G'F S94~05-JOI Q§3:§3:oo&
• '~. ...
i,

(000

i

-r :

Q)~:GC).r8: I 'l~o(~[§l.
Cf~:

o@-'J°9-'J\'JJ

--_---

-..- ====~-----------------. ...

==----_-_-cc--=="-"

~cfD'~cfO)' OJ9G'l.' G~,)c~c:~()Gcf e:Gmfoc§8-G3T§9§~o}yo@G9-t~S, c.4'f0l~ C' ~C' C' CD06c ~:G'COJ~'i C' C' C' .0 * GO)')c8cf: G~1to)Go),)~ G(J.)j')c:qm C' roEPGroS§3:::J)g~()2!-'GOOo)(Sdg~o:nOJg~ Good5mG~)o? e()~p05@O)') §l8ffil§S, ~()')~: G()§S~ GEPoS~~OJ~"
I' II
I'
',I

*

C'~C'

C'

0r~

C'0C'

C'

'i\

1'1
1\ 'I

\

:D'):D'f())0)

o

OC1DOI0mGd)09.().)~ol

'I

0'

B.ACMyanmar ),M.A(Srilanka), Ph.D(India)
'J)
<,

*

00

00 0' C coc» QQ~:D~II -l::llo C
LO L

JOOG~YcJ006c ~cC:G(J.Y)<rommoG:D') r
0

C

C

C OC

C

C

C

g())')o§o10CDoQDo)::D0° Gcrf:>ci5Qg~:D~1I CD . L -l}lo c.:..
\JI

*

Joo9-y~006C
o

C

COCO

~CCGO)')<r rommoG:D')
CO·O'

C

C

C

Q~mo::>mCj~~())o)G~~O~O)')O?

0··'··

9.~~:D211
c

C

*

G~ r~O)ro9.,)GO)-3@3: ~~GcD-3'iO)~
C cO ·c c
0

O@@~-YcJ0<r JOOJ7~cJ0O::> GQY.)c8'f:G~1t0) GO)?9.GQ')pc:01. a: 'f').~mro9.,)Go)') O)')0'f~· Gro')c§m~:D211
c c:
c
C'

.

c

c

8'<llj0
C

r;;,c

c

*

O~:l':llol O().)'Ecq'f: O c 0c 0 c (0)') a:r 00) C 06 C G~ ~o)GO)') 9. :D'):D f? 9. 0)~G<X>')C~<;';0r0())') OG')'f 'f')().)m rospGO)') r;;, c . c c c cr:::. c .~ c C c 8'<lt'J0 C\.1020)SP:0)~'f: ~<;,;or?l::jC:1tj206 : §~Q
r:::.
0

JOOJ-y;0~
c c

00)C~

c ~,.[R

CO C

c

c

.. c

G~~q:gJ?; @Gspa5G<JY.)G§')§8:1 0')GO
r:::.c

c G9_=:D'):l::jC:1 0')r;;O~~JtJC:~t'J<;';:D,):D'f?O)')O'f

or;;,c

.. c

gp:q

o.c

o::>g:Gro')CCDJm 1:D211 .~O

c

c.O'l

c

o

9

o

OOG(OlG'[tb ~G(tb

ol 0003

II

lr

8 9_9.G~,)~~,):o:r
,x ','

~:o:r03eo3"
C'" C'

03e()31~@~@ ~G(3;)')6 a? CX(p:0(030iP:6i 03 03-&8 ~l:OO:~
C" QO .
-<

.

~:olooo)ll 8')4' 2~~ o(CJ?l~G06G~~ =r=r= 0a? ::l)IA. G<tI? '6 03 3d0:4'~ :"ll03 G06di ::A3 0 ~og'): olooo3l1 .
o
<: C

:~ C\6~OOC\69:0?~06m o9_O)~C\)m a?O')')ooa3d? ,(C\(.G90000311~~~\l89')~ ooSP:G06o? ~~cPG~8 <: . <: .... 0. 0<:.. . eGqpooG~c ::Doo(x:Y.):tcGoeo?6? 00~<tJa§0)~<tJ03 S0300 ~~G9<-iJ.G9()looo3l1 ~~~¥')0)e3§~ rJ2<: .<: ,0<: .. [;:<: t;e::Doo0?000:).)8')Q O. ~~0~:G08o?::Dd5, <'5~()j, ::D8')gooSP:G06 ~GgeG9d?O)')di e&E)oo @'~ °2:00: @~G06:Ga:D@: ~~G~G9a? <-iJ.og~0S05 2~~G0(5 @~G90loo0311 3lG§}~ C\:)~: 9_<tJ~000sp: e 9_G::D lC\Y.):~. :A) GOYJGol03 og'):o l 0003 II :bY:Jo [§l:OO:0iJ~Goe0~. oosp:e9_0~on "9_¥stoJ eC\)'):I@~¥@~oJeC\Y.):" O? G06:GOY:) ?O~G4'O)')0Y.) ) CDOOl0006Yl'o. <:,0 0<:. c .. '. "t e -~.~.G06 c:ge,¥:to0OOG4'0')')0C\(.o. 4''):C\)~c
0:>

~~&~~\l~l 00') ~~::A3~~@~o? ~A. <:.0. c. 0 "lll.~ :O]JOO:r ~ ~C ::D')9_<?<J;>spm GC0003§Go: a C\~ <:000 . c;:<:~ ,.0<:· 0 -TOOC\f ..::D~G06.~c19:O?~"ll4'r:> <tJt.U6~:<tJ03 06d? G

i

t,
f !

~

,~~·----=---c-c-,_.-:;-·~=_':':-::-'·-==--=--':·--I

00

~0111 ooQ)y~GOY;> ~~')OOOOQ)yo:r~Cl ooQ)"tll:~l9<YGOY;> G~')~0)&~l:c?~8G~o?~()y') 3dc?~:~Olll3dc?~: ~()y')3dc?ro~G06 ~t£ro~:G~~OY.l~. ooSP:O?~a? e:9C'Jlt£%8 Go:>?OlOJ?:l1ooSP:G~:a?:ro:8Go:¥8GO?? e ,6lOJ?:1I c?ro~G06 §t£ro~;o?G'?')~a?:)J/o) c?~G,? ~ o ' " ~o ~ ~ -, ~ 0 ~q. O)sr:o:!J<~<f.GOJ')c 803°00?3d06OO oosr:~<f. ~, c '1 c coe::: 6>0001(00)11 (,0C'0 03'?~O?tQ)OOoo~ootCC?J O?OD3dSP~ tQ)2: ,~ ~. 0 ~" ~ c r::::: 0 c G::D3OD~~006>qoo~0? ::DOOC:OOQ)y 00:qoo~ 0loo0311§a§c\)~:OOG,? ~~:::D0~~c? ~o?3d0?8 ~r::;:::::" c O~, ' 0 0 c c IR' q0t:?3O? O?ODO(OOOO G<;SG06O:;> ~l.9ooCX(ooqtF 3doa~:ro:@l 03d?: ~Gol~W§o?~G06ol1,1 c o c . r;:: co c c r;:: c c • oo~OOtCCG~OOyc: (J:)o)GOlSe::1°O OOSP:,~: 00 0?a68~G,?C(pG06 §&§o? ~~GCY.(p~&~(~<;)t&~. 8~0)~~~: (\> 7)'t& o?o?~~G<;S(~p )::D~:~:ol: (G3TC00G.G::D~:)a? ooSdSdS CX(aSq~:~~o?@&lt~. ~~~~~~~~oy->olll 3d~ GCD')O')@3:§o? ~~Ga1pa§&~~~ 8~(X)~<tl~:~()y')G<;sq:Gg~8:~~ 9G3d0cx?:~803~~: Gol~d5~803ox?o? Gi>C09~~~.' gGol03~§ci.Y.>olli OO&C03d06£:' 03~()103@:~~ ::n03~~ B::J3G3d0~
<::' ........ C' C' ·OC'Q

'1

c

, '~

c

0,

c

~

0

C~

I
II' 11 ?

II

If 'r~

1 r
I ,

o

!

\

::X>~:n:Y.>05 ;005GG~0

~~GO

GG~r>1

3:l::x>~:n:>11

"

::X> ~

c

0 S '1.0:>;c :G:{. illlGC00 "1 ~ 'l? ==r= e "' c 0 c G'l?q '1.~ U) G::X>0 q <J r= ~0:::X>0

@23~L~1 9G'l?~

g)lGC00"1~9?

en'l?:::X>~

9.G::X>0 q~la5~:

.

9@'ci-~1I"

.

00

~~~cj>0?0p:>? q0J0o?3dG§3dG~1

~G~o?~G~3d(X)'j:
0<:, '1

a? eGOiw)tt9.oln
c 0<:
0<:

OOE>P:q~.3dGq:¥0CD~::))~
.

ooGp! (\)<'P9(C<XY.)!tC~UXl OOGp:qtCOIOOillllCDGp: q~.06~ol

c

-~~:~:a?o~:))d.>Gq3d~~r->
coc0
0 <:0 0

oo~

II '

o?o?a:)~0.:Y5
c

0~
~ 0

o?o?oo03 B~-~G:w:>t§tG~o?~G06~.~t:0jl2 eGO':(!e~olS3lD
<:r,;:s

lj! o?O?0(illO( :w:>:eq 0(O?::n00(0(ill Gcymax>(1.Y-)GE>PS6t'it ~§9.oll1 e o?O?cP03§s~~.G06.qa
CY.{
o

<A oo.ro~.~ ~ ~.e3lqc
<: . <: 0

c

<:0<:

'r::::::.

o?o?G3d'j03J? m~1
CY.{

<:0

<A 3doomO'1e3~
<:

<:,<:

0Q<:~'
-' .. -

[9:
'.

CY.(m.«:~ E>P'f or or ill co CXY.l! ccooco ¥0G~ qax> ~ qc
3'd;;oc G6:)oI00 ill II 3d9ro~ e@~~aax>~[:olll 9~tG~ax>~l:olll
0<:

o

o. <: .0'

..

c~

'1.'

c

I

GOY.)::nd?ax> ::n03Gt\Y.)03 ::n~GCD')03qq ~8~1I
0 c '1 . ..;. __ C'. <:
_,'

§~§~
'

ooc3cb(5j,)') GCD0::Da?
,'

3d9Goy')::D Gt003o? 903G~qt
. c

G§or~CD03o~:O':(!~'):ax>:))')
c c

e1-eqc ::DillGOY;l'f eooc:ooeol~:1I

o

• rn ~:[9:
<:G

OO~:O?~~:
o c,
'1

....

co.

eooE>'(J:O?~~:G06~.
c
<:0 . <:, -i..

~~:~L:11?
,0

<::'__ 0

3dqOj?eillOX?qc en~CD OO~:CXJl:q~; G~G~ GO'Y.)C!O? O?~:GCD:OI3droIDOI[9.
<: '1

c0

0

.

:))0:))')orm.q;

rn.

q](),)ID:~'):r:'011l
Ij

ii
"~

~
III

o88<J5::U:Y.>uS ~"ilGO GG~01 puS GG~'.) m6a3aY.>9?G:xl:>1I . "'l(7)';:~. g)1Gro'.)"1~'l'.) O:>'l_'.:>: ::>.:>~ 08 05 [5 J 'i~G::>':>'.) q cJlc6 3;}'.)::i>'.) @cl O>L®l! g]\ 10 00'.) "1 <J59? , o:>'l_'):::>':> ~
3;} GO

1~: G~ G@a ~ u"
3;}

g

G~. Gaqp G::>.:>'.:>q

cJ lc6 3'eY.l:

JJ
ol0)~11 3d33d~~'j'J
o .,' ~,
c
,COl O~

OGOmGqp~()')'J
c
,'\0 ~0

0

c

o)OOCXYJ:~.
/ 00

0

0

oo~~ch. o:u@~ GOO? OO6'p:5!'j~3d'J:oq
3d06m
c
~, 0

C\:( 010) OJ II G6p m C\)'JO?0 ~ 0) 00 m{ ~ 0)'J OJ'J~ ~. C\:( olen
o .,.'
OJ

II G6p WCIJ'JO? 0 6)_ ::>.? 00 ~ , ~ ~'J ~ G6p co G()')'J§:>:@:
c

c

.

,,'

0

c

'0

0

c

c

0 c c 00 r,:: 3dG(9'J~~C\(. ~c\y')~COJ(:1 3dG(9'J~~C\(. ~C\Y.)~~~:

0)6p:0&~:

~0C'

°0 OO6p:9_oo)'JG06C\Y.)~.cy'?GOO?
oo~ II G~a5c\y')§~GOO? 3d0?

03<1.

G§:>8:OO6p:G06
:3d qj()') 8 il0)
c -,

O{~:mO)dSGo:G0:0~ol
- _,

OO~·11
q~.
I

d?o? ro~:3dC\(6o?
c
00

@~~a5~.§03~

~o?3dc83dGc0&8§Ol C\)~:
., ~., c
0 ., C'

O)~J.R~. 3dO?G~Ol9_G01o)~~~.GOO?
~

00 ()')CIJco. mL: 1lY.): 3d'J:oq 00 G~ ~. C\:(

G~~COI OOOJC\(.3dGOIc:3dG(9'JO( 3dCl6~~mooooe3
c .,~ c, c c
0

o

c

c

~c::::

olO)~1I

0100 OJ11 3dGOIc:3dG(9'J~.'t GqpOOOJox?9_CGcy:>? oo~: 9_~.&a5ol OO~II G.§2~8oo~G~§3:d?~-OO~9l:0?~: Gma3oo~ 0iJ~§3:m:oqa5G~0 §3:oll1 OO~G~.'(-'~8:o?:06~o?~8:00~ 00 9?Goo-3@3: ~~ ~ 'j'J
"

c

GOXl9_ GOYJ83C\Y.)

GOXlGqpoo~G0-:0

[S3G6p05 C\)'Jol 0003 II 3d~~ :~~: 0~:X>~'Jq0()')'J: G[p60
c', .

,
I!
r

O)~ol:~. oo~ol:1t03ooa3
oo
,.~.COl

GOO'J,c(9 C\)'JOO9_'JGOO'Jo c
o. .
C' "l

=sr= CO'J:
c

I

oloooSli "3d~8::Y-(6p:m~ol:OO~:G~qOY.:l OJ(:C\Y.):C\(.G~:G~moIOOOJII §~~~.@30:o?O)mS:m G~Ola)(DC. t~'fm
., ..«
c . c

~G§:>a5
. ~~

G&~Coo~G0Xl8:

j1
,'I ,

1~C C\(.011i ~"
0 .,

"G§:>03~.O)'J

oo~ol :oo~: 3d@8

II~

II

GC\Y.)m3d@~~. mc;p:3d§8'80?§o?

GoTog03C\Y.)o?0()')'J:G06olli GC\Y.)m3d@8~.

:1'

tr» CD GO

o

..

G GS':>J

..

o 0 c.: c. c c c • 0 e <>r.ot 19~il(GlDqt OOO:>::DtG::D0C\f.c\)~::D~ §S~Gt~ I 3d0:3d~~:t~ §~~~11 ~~G::D0 c 0 <:: ,0 c 0C C0 3d0:cxroo~~~11 cy'(:A?C\)oo~:or.~ OY.)°tCY.( c QC 0" OIDCtlOO0:l3C: ~, ' ~ o oc C '1 C C\f. ~t.Gox)~OlooOJIl "~ ~:E3:01. 00~:3d0:cxr03§0005~ 000 o coco '1 . 0 C 3dcy'(:A?(\)oo~:G06ot, OOJ<f.o11l cy'(:A?C\)oo~:G06 §~~C\)0~:olll ~§SG::D:o? 3dcy'(:Rc0G06 §S~C\)0 G3d08 @3L:ID0:3dd:o:t03(§9.0l 000511 §~[S:::D0: oC c co c c r:::;;;" cr:::::: 3dcy'(:::>.?C\)G06 o,OJGCWO:>tCG3'd0C 9:ro:3'd0:cxrOOe3 1 9.0l d:>03 II ~§SG:x>:o?O(~c0G06 §ScD0G::YJt 1'§S(9:o? oc 0.' co" c' .', c Of:::>.?C\)G06r::x>cqmor: ~:::Dooo:> ~:C\)0G3d0C o @3l:ro:3d0:cxr069.°loo03u ::D0~~C\(G06cq ~dlOO0:ol~.u ::i.f~: OG20:> '1 CO coco 0 nl 9.tJ)~0 ::nOJ~~;;q ::nOJC(mC\)~;;q 00~:9.<f. ~:ro:3'd0:cxrd3~9.ol oooSIIGtO~::n d'(-> 6? 6p:§S~ G:X><lPGt[3§~o?l ol9.~G06 §~~G~[3@So? ~~: 3dGCOOt:Gcd>G06GOO0t¥ [iB_:@.:ro:ro: D'il9~~g:>:
<,

69.°loo0311 oo~:9.ft~3dG9.: oo~:3dd:cxrd3~~r->§G06.

9.

~j_~

----------

--~--~·,-,~~~---,-~=~c

20§ oxxn03::n.:Y.>05 ~ OOGO QG901 • p05QG~0'i~0:lX)03 ceo II

..

..

dI
\

,

,

o

/'_'

,~'.

I
If
'I"

I
II'
I.

6J.e~ 3d~e \l0,\,0eGO(?<y'( eGo(?tC
C C -, 0

c

C

C

0

OC C

e13CtC010(:1I
0 ~CO C

~COC

'1

\l o ,\,0e e ~P6J..::DGO'J0::Dcooo <Y.( GO"Y.)C e,::De l3Ct Co? 3d0(?03 O)SP:6J.~. e03olO)0311 ..! 3d<Y.(~~ 3d0~~. G§:>6J.6J.8l:W:~ c 0'J033d0~'
C

0?~:~:07. o9.::D053d~l.oo
@~:))03G'\'6o:Y?~~lO)oSH20e0 GO(?O'J03GO??cl :~ero~.
o
C ....

cl :W:~05roG,\,
o. • -,~

O?~ QGspooO'J lSeG,\,O"Y.)~l:1 G:Y.Y.)C\(:ge3t2G,\,~GO(?
8GO'J0q,:gGoT ~8~
o
0

~c

~o 3d0~OiJG,\,a:y.)~[:
C 0 COO

~co~ olO)0311
0

GC\Y.)O'JI 3l::D1 Ge6inGO(?~. G~.G~[S: G
c1':2
C C 0

G,\,O"Y.) l: I Q) ) Ij( : or 00 G,\,O"Y.) l: s:?_ Q)5Y.' e 0) co C\i\ ~ 0 ~ lS e~¥8?~0(:1I ol 0(:
o

GO(?GO~Ge6mGO(?~:[S: O)~@~o?S05~~~.

Gb:Gc:~8~8 e~t8 O)~[5~o?
C

@~G,\,~~l:~C\)~:
II

0?~~3d'5~ o)SP:3d'5~GO(?GoT~
co....
0C

Q)O) ~O?~ GO(?~,0) sP:6J.tC,OI O)(),) II Q)O) eO)~lSe G().)003(),)03e05G~::>.j[~O(?03 O)sp:q~. O)sp:e.EiltCOIO(:1I
oc
'1 '

'1

C

0

c~

C

e03olO)0311

o

G0Y)8:~ Gc;p03G~8:§SG:)')", c 0 0 ~o.~ BQ)~qjm~Of co 9?~:tCG:)')0 ..;;,. ~c I3O?G:)')00~0 " 0. 0. ~.'-, c .~ 0 c ~ 9. 93dOO? O~06J.. 3dro~3dO?~:O":? :),)O?~O? c 1 G():Go::Y.)~O c II I O?()')

c.:~

~O~0G"6 §t:H~.6p ~~0t:l:ol: \l8~0~ 006p: 07.07 ~~§-:>:§-:>: ~@86J.ol~o§lI \l8~0~ 0l~007A. §~§8:qj03§8::)')G0')007 CX?:o;s8: ~@86J.ol ~o§n ._ . . '1 0 .... 0 , GOXlO')G31:)') G~())~O? mGc\)::JY.)CXJ:'(X)~ 3difC3d~ .~ GC9003~~03~: ~8o?3dc§__~:~(X),03§a3o? 80:xD10 ~aB()~ ~~O~C:;0'6 6J.~ol~o§ II ~~~Gc;p03G~8: G0Y)8:G03§llQ)8o? ~aB °tE0Gog~. §~~3j{1 §~~G3d08§3l:lD'J: <Y.tJ~B 3d0:CXJ:'~G~::l)?o?:)y.) 0?6p:6J.t801(Y)oS~ Ggp6'[~olll - 0230~~:~())0 0?6p:06J.~8010Jl:1I 3d~l.m 3d§3~G()18:'iP:9?0oo6p:CD?3d0:o:?~ ~oSax?G()~~ ~~~6J.e0 3;)~e \l8~0~aqo::Y.)o7Go::Y.)8~08§o? ~G"6 ~olO?oSll O')o§~~: O')oS? <">1J¥B~~036J.~oS ax?o? <">1J~~~:o?C\)~: d3a:tG:)')'W-G3;)08~~§o? ~G0'6C\)~: ~()lO?o§lI o703GOT~ (X)8W:§~GOTG1o? .~~ G3d:~
,<::, _ 0(' ....

o

i
I

!

I

"

I

99

I

I

I
~

t

II

OJbp:b[OJoS~an OJbp:~~

n?3;)6~JdiGOJ §~?Okt n?#o1~~ b'[anOJn OJbp: b'[G~9' 3;)U1~3;)an: BSGtaDc;OJo?
ooSCI(cfJ ~EOC\)b~EOl9 OJbp: b[OTIOln ~cMoS~E l l
l

mm:t:1£E, Qh1~E - -'l'-'ll 'll

G:lJG:lJ~Jl~Jl-:13~~cfJ : o?cfJ~E oS~g~b[Q(~
::ucmgGO~JColOJwn

oem

o?Egcmb[~ 3;)~cfJl 3;)~JfiGC\)gGOJo?

o

c~

c c

G~cmcmgGO~COIOJWII

c~