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Doç. Dr. Bülent SEZEN
What is Logistics?
Logistics is the . . . ³process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.³
Council of Logistics Management
Is it different from SCM?
Not really! ³Supply Chain Management deals with the management of materials, information, and financial flows in a network consisting of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and customers.´ (Stanford Supply Chain Forum) So, Logistics and Supply Chain are equivalent terms.
Purchasing / Procurement Inventory Control Warehousing Materials Handling Facility Location / Network Design Transportation Customer Service Order Processing
A List of Approaches in Log. Man.
Just in Time Inventory Vendor Managed Inventory Quick Response Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment Outsourcing / 3PLs Cross-docking / Flow Through Centers
Build to Order SC Visibility Software Internet / EDI Collaborative Transportation Management Auctions / Exchanges Merge - In - Transit Partnerships / Alliances
Logistics firms in Turkey .
A Sample Logistics Firm: EKOL .
repacking. . labeling. sorting. etc.Value Added Services Value added services. such as quality control. can be included in the logistics processes.
Video: EKOL Lojistik .
Video: Borusan Logistics (VLC Player) .
Such warehouses are used for the storage of import merchandise. until the duties are paid or the goods reshipped without entry. . subject to duty.Bonded Warehouse (In Turkish: ³Antrepo´) ³Antrepo´ Bonded warehouse is a warehouse in which goods are stored without customs duties being paid until they are removed from the warehouse.
bonded warehouse stores merchandise. under internationally acclaimed standards prior to nationalization. manipulation or storage but usually not manufacturing.Bonded Warehouse« Warehouse« In accordance with the limitations and authorities defined by laws of customs. . not subject to free circulation. Operations in the warehouse may include assembly.
. breaks down received items on the loading dock and immediately matches them with outgoing shipment requirements.Cross Docking a logistics activity that attempts to reduce costs and total lead time. instead of stocking the items in warehouse locations and returning to pick for orders at a later time.
Cross Docking« Docking« eliminates the need to place inventory in storage. This can mean moving pallets across the docking areas (hence the name) for loading onto delivery vehicles. .
. The idea is to transfer incoming shipments directly to outgoing trailers without storing them in between.Cross Docking« Docking« Crossdocking essentially eliminates the inventory-holding function of a warehouse while still allowing it to serve its consolidation and shipping functions.
.Cross Docking« Docking« In a traditional warehouse. the consumer or perhaps a retail outlet) requests an item.g. workers pick it from the shelves and send it to the destination. When a customer (e. goods are received from vendors and stored in devices like pallet racks or shelving..
Cross Docking« Docking« In a crossdock. . so workers need only move the shipment from the inbound trailer to an outbound trailer bound for the appropriate destination. The already part should make you think of information system requirements--a chief obstacle to implementing crossdocking successfully. goods arriving from the vendor already have a customer assigned.
Cross Docking«(classification) One way to classify crossdocking operations is according to when the customer is assigned to an individual pallet or product. In pre-distribution crossdocking. In post-distribution crossdocking. the crossdock itself allocates material to its stores. the customer is assigned before the shipment leaves the vendor. . so it arrives to the crossdock bagged and tagged for transfer.
and coordination. This involves quite a bit of information transfer. system integration. the problem is big. big. For a distributor with hundreds of vendors.Cross Docking«(classification) Pre-distribution is definitely more difficult to implement because the vendors of the crossdock must know which customers of the crossdock need what before they send the shipment. big! .
have limited shelf life. require special storage conditions and entertain high inventory risks Automotive ± just in time (JIT). special packaging Fuel and Petroleum Transportation ± very special tanker security systems . delivering parts from thousands of kilometers.Logistics Experience will be different from one sector to another Textiles ± speed and variety due to seasonality concerns Retailing (FMCG) ± prevents stores from having empty shelves or shelves with overstocks ± Frozen storage and transportation Health ± hygienic.
000 liters). made of aluminum alloy and are the lightest tankers in weight and highest in volume (20. .000 to 38. including the chassis. The tanks have a bottom loading and unloading system and all the necessary security equipments for overloading.Fuel and Petroleum Transportation Fuel tankers have bodies.
Along with these tankers there are three-level security systems. . 4 to 7 compartments and 3. a security system locking the brakes when the API drum is opened and the valves when it is closed. anti-rolling system.000 liters of compartment capacities.Fuel and Petroleum Transportation« Transportation« The tanks have capacities between 20. bottom loading equipments.200 to 7.000 and 38.000 liters. emergency buttons at three sides and an EBS brake system.
Emergency valve locking switch.Fuel and Petroleum Transportation« Transportation« There are also: Emergency power switch. 6 rear-view mirrors .
. all drivers wear anti-static shoes. In addition.Fuel and Petroleum Transportation« Transportation« The drivers clothes have long sleeves and long trousers. The fabric is 100% cotton to avoid static electricity. The drivers¶ equipments also include gloves resistant to the material they carry. a helmet compliant to EN norms and glasses against the material vapor.
Video: Shell Oil Tanker Distribution .
Vehicle Logistics Vehicle logistics services include: ± Vehicle Transportation ± Marine Transportation (RO-RO) ± Ship Loading and Unloading ± Storage and Parking Lot Services ± Dealer Distributions ± Information Systems and Reporting .
Vehicle Logistics « Special transportation services are: Inter-dealer transportation. Fair exhibitions. Sports competitions. Collection vehicles .
Installation of the safety equipment should be realized. Minimum parking distances. .Vehicle Logistics « During the placement of vehicles on to the ship.
.Transfer to addressed area.Vehicle Logistics « Storage and Parking Lot Services: .Transfer of the out of order vehicles to the service area.Transfer to the dispatch area. . .Transfer from the service area to the addressed area .
Video: Interview with People at Omsan Vehicle Logistics Dept. .
Video: ahsuvaro lu Tractor Shipment .
warehouse and distribution management internally before Ekol partnership. logistics processes are outsourced to Ekol. The first value obtained by this project was eliminating the short distance transportation costs of bonded goods from customs area to warehouse. . After a comprehensive project.Case Studies with EKOL: Intra Medikal Intra Medikal used to perform inventory.
Case Studies with EKOL: Intra Medikal« Medikal« The inventory records database enables a systematical display of shelf lives and other product specific information. products are barcode labeled according to the accepting criteria of customers and hospitals. Before export and internal distribution. while customers out of Istanbul receive cargo shipments. Customers in Istanbul receive daily deliveries. .
Cars looked out for many candidates and finally preferred Ekol. "flow thru" and "replenishment" strategies. .Case Studies with EKOL: Çar (Boyner) Cars . By consolidating Cars store supply strategies according to the product groups as "cross-dock". one of Turkey's leading retailer chain stores. EKOL achieved inventory minimization and delivery efficiency. has become a pioneer in the field of logistics outsourcing. On its quest for a logistics partner.
create work orders and report the results simultaneously.Case Studies with EKOL: Çar (Boyner)« Interfaces have been built between EKOL and Cars softwares which have different infrastructures running independently and a data processing structure has been established enabling both parties to monitor all processes. any data Cars keys in to the software can be utilized for generating work orders to EKOL. . Thanks to this system.
Case Studies with EKOL: Braun Operating within Gillette group. Braun is the world's largest electric shaving machines. Braun was working with a company for supplying spare parts. after sales support and product change under insurance coverage. Spare parts purchased by service supplier from Braun's center in Germany were later transported by freight forwarder companies. small kitchen appliances and blood pressure and fever measurement devices provider. .
Case Studies with EKOL: Braun« After being cleared of customs by customs broker firms they were sent to Braun technical services via cargo companies. stock and order management is taken over by Ekol providing roofconsolidation. and no advantage of automation technologies for computer and product flow. customs handling. . There was hardly any integration achieved on these steps. Transportation.
EKOL proved that Third Party Logistic service suppliers can be relied on. financing inventory keeping costs. . In this context. and making direct sales decisions.Case Studies with EKOL: Braun« Taking 3rd Party Logistic service provider concept one step further. in maintaining minimum inventory levels. assuming stock risks. EKOL imports Braun products and takes the burden of all inventory and financial costs and risks.
What is Ro-Ro? Ro-Ro? Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ships are designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles. This is in contrast to lo-lo (lift on-lift off) vessels which use a crane to load and unload cargo. trailers or railway carriages. .
What is Ro-Ro? Ro-Ro? RORO vessels have built-in ramps which allow the cargo to be efficiently "rolled on" and "rolled off" the vessel when in port. the term RORO is generally reserved for larger ocean-going vessels. While smaller ferries that operate across rivers and other short distances still often have built-in ramps. .
. The process can also be defined as a transportation method where transport mode changes for the same transport container or land vehicle. but the goods themselves are not handled during these changes.What is Intermodal (Combined) Transport? It is a transport method that more than one transport mode is used for the same transport container.
In intermodal transport.What is Intermodal (Combined) Transport? In other words. delivery time and service quality. . the aim is to achieve an effective combination of cost. it is a transport method that integrates advantages of different transport modes.
The goods inside the transportation container are not handled . carriage and unloading. The compatibility of the technological. trailers or pallet). legal and organizational parts of the process chain within the transport system. The suitability of the transport units for loading.Features of Intermodal Transport Using standard transport units (like standard containers.
Advantages of Land-Railway LandIntermodal Transport Guarentee of long-term fixed price Secure shipping Minimum interference by weather conditions and traffic constraints Easier border crossing Cost and equipment supply advantage in high volume and planned shippings .
Omsan Lojistik¶s Intermodal Transport .
Omsan Lojistik¶s Intermodal Transport (cont¶d) cont¶d) .
.What is Milk Run Distribution? It is the combination of shipments from multiple vendors in close geographic proximity into one shipment received by the customer. normally done for a defined route on a recurring basis.
....What is Milk Run Distribution?. . Distribution?.
Milk Run Distribution« Distribution« .
shipping methods. A freight forwarder is among the best sources of information and assistance on export regulations and documentation. .What is a Freight Forwarder? An independent business that handles export/import shipments for a fee. Forwarder assembles. collects and consolidates less-than-truckload (LTL) freight . and foreign import regulations.
Forwarder?.What is a Freight Forwarder?. At the request of the shipper. Forwarder consolidates freight for many shippers.... . the forwarder makes the actual arrangements and provides the necessary services for expediting the shipment to its overseas destination.. arranges for shipment and delivery via LTL carriers and gets lower (freight) rates based on volume than the individual shippers could obtain. It also clears the freight through customs.
. The freight forwarder does not actually carry the cargo or conduct business for the ship.. .What is a Freight Forwarder?. It is an intermediary between carrier and owner of goods being transported.. Forwarder?.. The forwarding agent assists the exporter in finding the most economic and efficient methods of transporting and storing cargo.
E-marketplace. or be run by some form of industry consortium that has been set-up to serve a particular sector. They can be operated by an independent party. Online Auctions and Exchanges An E-marketplace is a virtual online market where organizations register as buyers or sellers to conduct B2B ecommerce over Internet. .
An Online Marketplace: Equipnet.com .
so. vast numbers of businesses can bid. . Online auctions use Internet technology.Online Auctions Online auctions are computerized versions of traditional auctions where prices are set by buyers bidding against each other.
There are successful exchanges in markets as diverse as energy.Online Exchanges Online Exchanges are websites where buyers and sellers trade goods and services online. . textiles and logistics.
Online Exchanges« Exchanges« Types of exchanges: ± Request for quotation An invitation to suppliers to provide a quote for a specific product or service ± Request for bid An invitation to buyers to bid for a specific product or service that you are able to provide .
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