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ჟურნალი მე 2006 #3 Me Magazine 2006 3

ჟურნალი მე 2006 #3 Me Magazine 2006 3

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Published by: LGBT_Georgia on Feb 04, 2012
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12

kvleva 2
miTebi homoseqsualobis Sesaxeb
eka aRdgomelaSvili a m a

saqarTvelo

qronika janmrTeloba 6
aiv-Sidsi
ucxoeTi

* pirveli saerTaSoriso lgbt Sexvedra saqarTveloSi * fondis moRvaweobiT farTo sazogadoebrioba dainteresda * 2006 wels fondis moRvaweoba warmatebulad Sefasda * saerTaSoriso mimarTuleba

.

* ILGA-Europe - 10 wlis gaxda, saqarTvelo ki evropis lgbt rukaze daitanes. * gaero: seqsualuri umciresobebis uflebebi – adamianis uflebebi? * evropa = Tanasworobas

4

ILGA-EUROPE/COC mier ganxorcielebuli misiis safuZvelze momzadebuli angariSebis reziume

3

RESUME

uflebebi

20

reportaJi 10 zeimi ojaxur wreSi 11 Teoriidan
praqtikamde

ME
Jurnalis eleqtronuli versia ganTavsdeba fond "inkluzivis" veb-gverdze g www.inclusive-foundation.org an www.gay.ge JurnalSi gamoqveynebuli masalebis gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi aucilebelia wyaros miTiTeba. Jurnali vrceldeba ufasod gamocema dafinansebulia holandiis erovnuli lgbt asociaciis COC Netherlands-is mier

8 interviu
Tanasworoba qarTulad da evropulad
interviu evroparlamentis p a leboseli da gei deputaciis a p a vice-prezidentTan, q-n sofi p a n int veldTan a

Tema 14
filmebi, sadac uyvarT da ibrZvian imisTvis, rom uyvardeT
Teo xatiaSvili a a

CemTvis daxocili xarebi
zaza meliqiSvili a a q

16

(1) aiv-infeqcia da Sidsi saqarTveloSi: socialur-kulturuli midgoma. UNESCO. 2005
(2) Clark, D. The New Loving Someone Gay. Berkeley, CA: Celestrial Arts, 1987.

1 dekemberi SidsTan brZolis saerTaSoriso dRea. garkveul mizezTa gamo, romlebzec qvemoT gveqneba saubari, epidemiis gavrcelebis sawyis etapze, bevr qveyanaSi, Sidsi uSualod asocirdeboda homoseqsualobasTan. amgvar warmodgenas aiv-Sidsis warmoSobisa da gavrcelebis gzebis Sesaxeb homofobiis axali talRa mohyva. swored amitom, Cveni Jurnalis mesame nomris mTavar Temad aiv-Sidsi da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi avirCieT. dasavleTis ramdenime qveyanaSi SidsiT daavadebis pirveli registrirebuli SemTxvevebi gei sazogadoebaSi dafiqsirda. daavadebis Seswavlis pirvel etapze eqimebi mas `homoseqsualobasTan dakavSirebul imunodeficits~ uwodebdnen. presam axali daavadeba `cisferTa kibod~ monaTla. bevr qveyanaSi homoseqsualebi gantevebis vacad iqcnen, radgan swored maT abralebdnen Sidsis epidemiis gavrcelebas. Tumca, arc ise didi xani dasWirda imis gamoaSkaravebas, rom virusi iseve ar ukavSirdeboda seqsualur orientacias, rogorc rasas, nacionalobasa Tu religiur aRmsareblobas. riskis faqtors adamianis qceva gansazRvravs, riskis jgufad ki mTeli kacobrioba SeiZleba CaiTvalos. iseve, rogorc sxva qveynebSi, saqarTveloSic, epidemiis sawyis fazaze, aiv-i daucveli homo da heteroseqsualuri kavSirebis gziT gavrcelda, ramac xeli Seuwyo daavadebulTa stigmatizebasa da diskriminacias. mosaxleobis umetesobis azriT, Sidsi mxolod homoseqsualTa da komerciuli seqsiT dakavebuli adamianebis problema iyo. Tumca, 1996-97 wlebSi ineqciuri narkotikebis momxmarebelTa zrdam igi aiv-is gadacemis ZiriTad wyarod aqcia. miuxedavad am monacemebisa, `komerciuli seqsmuSakebisa da homoseqsuali mamakacebis aiv/SidsTan dakavSirebuli stigma da diskriminacia ineqciuri narkotikebis momxmareblebTan SedarebiT kvlav ufro maRalia~(1) problemisagan Tavdacvis amgvari forma – daavadebis dakavSireba calkeul jgufebTan da maTi stigmatizacia, mxolod xels uwyobs daavadebis gavrcelebas. institucionalizebuli homofobiis garda, romelic xels uwyobs miTis warmoqmnas homoseqsualobisa da aiv-Sidsis epidemiis urTierTkavSiris Sesaxeb, aranakleb mniSvnelovania internalizebuli homofobiac. is, pirdapir Tu iribad, negatiur gavlenas axdens adamianTa cxovrebis xarisxze da aqveiTebs TviTSefasebas. araerTi gamokvleviT dadasturda, rom internalizebuli homofobia pirdapiri kavSirSia risk-qcevasTan. lgbt jgufis im warmomadgenlebs, romlebic Zlier zewolas ganicdian, ufro xSirad aqvT daucveli seqsi da stresidan gamosvlis mizniT xSirad moixmaren narkotikebs. da piriqiT – adeqvaturi TviTSefasebis mqoneni zrunaven sakuTar da partnioris janmrTelobaze da upiratesobas usafrTxo seqsis praqtikas aniWeben. amitomac, aivSidsTan dakavSirebuli prevenciuli RonisZiebebi da farTo saganmanaTleblo kampania, daavadebasTan dakavSirebli stereoti pebisa da crurwmenebis rRvevasTan erTad, sazogadoebaSi arsebuli homofobiis daZlevasac gulisxmobs. epidemiis gavrcelebis sawyis etapze, sayovelTao isteriis fonze, swored geebma Seqmnes SidsTan brZolis erT-erTi pirveli organizacia: `Cven miveciT msoflios imis magaliTi, Tu rogor unda vizrunoT erTmaneTze krizisul situaciaSi, maSinac ki, roca Tavisda samarcxvinod, mTavroba ver asrulebs Tavis movaleobebs da cru-moralistebi Setevaze gadmodian. Cven SevZeliT gonis SenarCuneba da gvaxsovs, rom arc seqsi da arc homoseqsualoba boroteba araa. Cven vaCveneT, rom Turme gvqonia unari, ar avyolodiT egoistur SiSs da ar gavqceodiT im adamianebs, visac Cveni daxmareba sWirdeba~. (2) dResdReobiT masStaburi prevenciuli RonisZiebebis gatareba saxelmwifo da saerTaSoriso programebis nawilad iqca. Tumca, es araTu amcirebs lgbt sakiTxebze momuSave organizaciebis rols, aramed zrdis maTi moqmedebis sferosa da pasuxismgeblobas.

ME

1

qronika
saqarTvelo
pirveli saerTaSoriso lgbt Sexvedra saqarTveloSi

oqtomberSi fondma umaspinZla lgbt jgufSi aiv/Sidsis prevenciis Temaze gamarTul trening-seminars. treningi Catarda holandiuri irganizaciebis COC Netherlands da Schorer –is, agreTve moldovuri organizaciis Gender Doc M eqspertTa mier. treningSi monawileobas iRebdnen fondi inkluzivis partniori lgbt organizaciebi, moldovadan, ukrainidan, somxeTidan, yirgizeTidan da saqarTvelodan. treningis dawyebamde, stumrebi Sexvdnen lgbt jgufis adgilobriv warmomadgenlebs da erTad daeswrnen kinoCvenebas. treningis dasasruls gaimarTa Jurnal “mes” meore nomris prezentacia, romelsac monawileebTan erTad daeswro holandiis elCi saqarTveloSi. vrceli informacia treningis Sesaxeb ixileT rubrika reportaJSi.
fondis moRvaweobiT farTo sazogadoebrioba dainteresda

Jurnal “mes” meore nomerma xmauris TanxlebiT ixila dRis sinaTle. Tbilisisa da `rusTavi 2~-is internet forumebze Jurnals calke Temac ki daeTmo. Jurnalis gamosvlas telekompania `rusTavi 2~-c gamoexmaura. JurnalTan TbilisSi gei-praidis mowyobis albaTobis xelovnurad dakavSireba da dapirispirebisa da konfliqtis provocirebis mcdeloba ufro iyo, vidre informacia Tavad Jurnalis Sesaxeb. sensaciasa da aJiotaJis Seqmnaze orientirebuli Jurnalistebi xSirad mimarTaven sasurveli realobis modelirebis aseT gzas. zedapiruloba da sensaciebisadmi gamZafrebuli ltolva ki swored is gamyofia, romelic ganasxvavebs egreTwodebul `yviTel presas~ im media saSualebebisagan, romelTac meti seriozulobisa da obieqturobis pretenzia aqvT.
2006 wels fondis moRvaweoba warmatebulad Sefasda

inkluzivma warmatebiT gaarTva Tavi 2006 wels dagegmil RonisZiebebs. Catarda 16 RonisZieba, maT Soris, diskusiebi sxvadasxva aqtualur sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. diskusiebis warmarTvaSi qarTveli da kanadeli partniorebic CaerTnen. kinoklubis sesiebze naCveneb filmebs Soris aRsaniSnavi iyo germaneli da rusi qalebis qorwinebis amsaxveli dokumenturi filmi, romelic avtorma piradad waradgina (intervius reJisorsa da filmis mTavar gmirTan Cveni Jurnalis momdevno nomerSi SemogTavazebT). Catarda sxvadasxva savarjiSo da testi jgufis da maTi saWiroebebis ukeT gasacnobad. saerTo jamSi am RonisZiebebSi 150-ze meti adamiani monawileobda. wlis bolos Segrovebuli Sefasebebis Tanxmad, damswreebma maRali Sefaseba misces sadiskusio da kinoklubis Sexvedrebs. donori organizaciis warmomadgenlebmac dadebiTad Seafases fondis da misi partniorebis mier gaweuli muSaoba da 2007 wlis proeqtic SeniSvnebis gareSe daamtkices. mimdinareobs molaparakeba axali mimarTulebebiT muSaobis dawyebaze sxvadasxva organizaciasTan.
saerTaSoriso mimarTuleba

rogorc lesboselebisa da geebis saerTaSoriso organizaciis (ILGA-Europe) ukve sruluflebianma wevrebma – inkluzivis warmomadgenlebma monawileoba miiRes am organizaciis yovelwliur konferenciaSi da gamgeobis arCevnebSi. fondi agreTve miiwvies evrosabWos antidiskriminaciuli kampaniis – `yvela gansxvavebuli, yvela Tanasworis~ prezentaciaze da samuSao jgufSi miiRes. fondma molaparakebebi wamoiwyo lesboselebisa da geebis uflebaTa saerTaSoriso komitetTan saqarTveloSi kidev erTi saerTaSoriso treningis gamarTvis Taobaze. fondma agreTve wamoiwyo lobirebis kampania evrostruqturebTan, raTa maTi meSveobiT adeqvaturi reagireba moaxdinos rigi qarTveli parlamentarebisa da Cinovnikebis mier gakeTebul homofobur gamonaTqvamebze. yvela es RonisZieba gagrZeldeba hpovebs 2007 wlis ganmavlobaSi. movlenaTa ganviTarebaze Jurnali “me” droulad acnobebs Tavis mkiTxvels.

2

qronika
ucxoeTi
ILGA-Europe - 10 wlis gaxda, saqarTvelo ki evropis lgbt rukaze daitanes.

oqtombris bolos bulgareTis dedaqalaqma ilga-vropis saiubileo me-10 konferencias umaspiZla. Tavad ilga arsebobis 29 wels iTvlis, Tumca es me-10 konferencia iyo konkretulad evropis regionis organizaciebisTvis. masSi monawileoba miiRo 200-mde delegatma evropis yvela qveynidan da maT Soris – saqarTvelodanac. konferenciis mTavari Tema iyo: “Cven varT ojaxi – Cveni ojaxebi evropaSi da evropuli ojaxi”. am Temis garda mraval problemur sakiTxze mimdinareobda diskusiebi sagangebod mowyobil seqciebSi. vrcelad am konferenciis Sesaxeb ixileT reportaJebis rubrikaSi. garda konferenciisa, paralelurad sofiis gei festivalic gaimarTa. am festivalis daskvniT galaze mister gei balkaneTi airCies, romelic samxreTaRmosavleTi evropis qveynebs “mister gei evropaze” waradgens. evropuli gei konkursis Tavmjdomarem survili gamoTqva, rom saqarTveloc iyos wardgenili am evropul konkursze.
gaero: seqsualuri umciresobebis uflebebi – adamianis uflebebi?

ME

- noemberSi norvegiam aqamde uprecedento nabiji gadadga da seqsualuri umciresobebis Tematika, am organizaciis arsebobis ganmavlobaSi pirvelad, gaeros dRis wesrigSi daayena. norvegiis mTavrobam SeimuSava mimarTva adamianTa uflebebis sabWosadmi, romelSic igi gmobs adamianTa uflebebis darRvevisa da Zaladobis gamovlinebis faqtebs seqsualuri orientaciis niadagze. mimarTvas 54 saxelmwifo SeurTda, maT Soris iseTi qveynebi, rogoricaa ukraina, moldova da baltiispireTis respublikebi. am mimarTvis kvaldakval, arasamTavrobo organizaciebmac SeimuSaves msgavsi mimarTva, romelsac 60 qveynis 400 arasamTavrobo organizacia SeuerTda, maT Soris iyo inkluzivic. - miuxedavad uamravi dabrkolebisa, romelsac homofobiuri saxelmwifo politikis mqone qveynebi uqmnian evropis ilga-s, gaeros ekonomikurma da socialurma sabWom (ECOSOC) daniisa da germaniis lesboselTa da gei organizaciebs konsultatiuri statusi mianiWa. am movlenas didi mniSvneloba aqvs lgbt uflebebis gaeros dRis wesrigSi aqtualurad dayenebisaTvis. axali forumi sayovelTao TanasworobisaTvis brZolas kidev ufro efeqturs gaxdis.
evropa = Tanasworobas

- Tanasworoba is fundamenturi Rirebulebaa, romelTanac pirvel rigSi evropa asocirdeba. amis xazgasasmelad, evrogaerTianebam 2007 weli yvelasaTvis Tanabari SesaZleblobebis wlad gamoacxada, rac seqsualuri orientaciis mixedviT Tanasworobasac moicavs. - evropis axalgazrdulma forumma (Youth Forum Jeunesse), vilniusSi gamarTul saerTo krebaze erTxmad miiRo rezolucia `integrirebuli midgoma homofobiis winaaRmdeg brZolisaTvis~, romelSic igi evrokomisias mouwodebs, ufro didi yuradReba dauTmos axalgazrda lgbt-TaTvis Tavisufali TviTgamoxatvis waxalisebas. forumi qolga organizaciaa, romelic aerTianebs 90-mde politikur, religiur da samoqalaqo organizacias da amdenad, rezoluciis erTxmad miRebis faqts geebisa da lesboselebis axalgazrduli organizaciis (IGLYO) mesveurni didi enTuziazmiT Sexvdnen.

3

uflebebi
saqarTvelo evropis yuradRebas aramarto ruseTTan daZabuli urTierTobebis WrilSi ipyrobs. lesboselebisa da geebis saerTaSoriso organizaciam (ILGA-Europe) fond inkluzivTan TanamSromlobiT moamzada ori vrceli angariSi, romelic saqarTveloSi lgbt jgufis mdgomareobas asaxavs da exmianeba Tanamdebobis pirTa mier sajarod gamoTqmul homofobiur gancxadebebs. aRniSnuli angariSi ukve gadaegzavna evrosabWos adamianTa uflebebis komisarsa da monitoringis komitetis samdivnos, saqarTvelos parlamentsa da saxalxo damcvels, aseve evrogaerTianebis warmomadgenlobas TbilisSi. qvemoT gTavazobT mimarTvis teqsts, romelSic mokledaa Camoyalibebuli qveyanaSi arsebuli situaciis zogadi Sefaseba da rekomendaciebi. mimdinareobs molaparakeba angariSis qarTulad gamocemis Taobaze. movlenebis Semdgomi ganviTarebis Sesaxeb ukve Semdeg nomerSi gauwyebT.
socialuri da politikuri midgomebi:

saqarTvelos sazogadoebis faqtiurad yvela fenaSi homoseqsualobis mimarT mtruli damokidebuleba dominirebs: - homoseqsualobas umetesoba avadmyofobad, codvad an garyvnilebad miiCnevs; - homofobia da misi gamovlinebis Sedegebi ar aRiqmeba, rogorc seriozuli problema; - negatiuri damokidebuleba homoseqsualTa mimarT saRi azris gamovlinebad da sazogadoebis sifxizlis da sibrZnis niSnad aRiqmeba; - 1998 wels homofobiuri damokidebulebis kvlevisas, romelSic 430 respodenti monawileobda, gamokiTxulTa 84%-ma homoseqsualTa mimarT uaryofiTi damokidebuleba daafiqsira. 14% neitralur pozicias inarCunebda da mxolod 2% iyo dadebiTad ganwyobili (1); - 2005 wels, sagazeTo publikaciebis analizma cxadyo, rom negatiur SefasebaTa ricxvi (65%) TiTqmis orjer aRemateboda neitralurs (35%). gansaxilveli periodis ganmavlobaSi ar dafiqsirebula homoseqsualobis/ homoseqsualis dadebiT konteqstSi moxseniebis arc erTi SemTxveva. mediis mier gavrcelebul stereoti pTagan yvelaze xSirad meordeboda miTebi homoseqsualobis, rogorc `dasavluri modis~, avadmyofobis, demografiuli katastrofis winapirobis, Soubiznessa da politikaSi arsebuli gei mafiisa da homoseqsualuri eqsperimentebis damRupvel Sedegebze (2). - 2006 wels Catarebuli kvlevis mixedviT, 81,4% ar imegobrebda homoseqsualTan, xolo 71.1% ar isurvebda maTTan muSaobas (3); lgbt uflebebis oponirebis tendencia adamianTa uflebebis damcvelebisa da maRalCinosanTa mxridanac aRiniSneboda: - adamianis uflebebisa da samoqalaqo integraciis saparlamento komitetis Tavmjdomaris, elene TevdoraZis azriT: `qarTvel axalgazrdobaSi orientaciis masiuri Secvla ufro saSiSi tendenciaa, vidre kriminaluri tradiciis miyola~ (4); - saqarTvelos saxalxo damcveli, sozar subari ar eTanxmeba lgbt-Ta mxridan Tanasworobis moTxovnebs (5); - evrointegraciis saparlamento komitetis Tavmjdomaris, daviT baqraZis azriT, saqarTvelos konstituciis antidiskriminaciuli garantiebi ar unda vrceldebodes seqsualur orientaciaze, vinaidan es ukanaskneli mxolod `piradi simpaTiisa da gemovnebis sakiTxia~ (6).

(1)International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, An Investigation into the Status of Women's Rights in Central & South Eastern Europe and the New Independent States, 2000

(2) `homoseqsualobis/homoseqsualebis reprezentireba qarTul mediaSi~. fondi “inkluzivi” Tebervali. 2006.

(3) Caucasus Research Resource Center, Programme of Eurasia Foundation: Short Review of the Results of Caucasus Research Resource Center's Data Initiative Survey - December 2006

(4) `ratom icvlian qarTveli axalgazrdebi seqsualur orientacias?~. interviu elene TevdoraZesTan. gazeTi "axali Taoba". #307

(5) tv kompania `rusTavi 2~. yovelkvireuli programa `kurieri P.S~, 28 maisi, 2006 w.

4

(6) tv kompania `rusTavi 2~. yovelkvireuli programa `kurieri P.S~, 12 noemberi, 2006 w.

uflebebi
safuZvelze momzadebuli angariSebis reziume
lgbt jgufi daskvna

ME
(7)Human Rights bodies, national human rights NGOs. 2005 (8) UNESCO, aiv-infeqciia da Sidsi saqarTveloSi: socialur-kulturuli midgoma, 2005

2005 wels, saqarTvelos arasamTavrobo seqtoris funqcionirebis Sefasebisas, gamovlinda, rom homoseqsualebi sazogadoebis yvelaze metad marginalizebul nawils warmoadgenen (7). UNESCO-s angariSis mixedviT `homofobiis dominirebis gamo homoseqsualebs yvelanairi SesaZlebloba aqvT mospobili sakuTari orientaciis gamoxatvisa da asociaciebisa da jgufebis Camoyalibebisa~. SemaSfoTebelia, rom homoseqsual mamakacTa marginalizacia da stigmatizacia maT izolirebas axdens aiv/Sidsis winaaRmdeg brZolisas, rac zrdis maTi dasnebovnebis risks (8). jgufis stigmatizacia imdenad Zlieria, rom lgbt adamianebi ar akeTeben qamingauTs. 120 gamokiTxulidan mxolod 13% aRmoCnda gaxsnili ojaxTan, 15% - kolegebTan, 18% mezoblebTan, xolo 33% - megobrebTan (9). imave kvlevis mixedviT, gamokiTxulTa 30% erTxel mainc gamxdara homofobiuri incidentis msxverpli. es incidentebi moicavs damamcirebeli saxelebiT mimarTvas, fizikur da seqsualur Zaladobas da policiis mxridan Seviwroebas. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT im faqts, rom gamokiTxulTa mcire nawilia gaxsnili, homofobiuri incidentebis sixSire SemaSfoTeblad maRalia. didi umoqmedobaa incidentebis da Seviwrovebis Sesaxeb gacxadebis mxrivac, rasac lgbt jgufis warmomadgenelTa Soris saxelmwifo struqturebisadmi SiSi da undobloba ganapirobebs. dadebiTi movlenebidan aRsaniSnavia pirveli qarTuli lgbt organizaciis Seqmna da oficialuri registracia.
kanonebi

argumenti, rom saqarTveloSi lgbt adamianebisTvis Tanasworobis miniWebis sakiTxi prioritetuli araa, aqtualobas kargavs. qveynis xelisuflebam am mimarTulebiT misasalmebeli nabiji gadadga, rodesac Sromis kodeqsSi seqsualuri orientaciis niadagze diskriminaciis dauSvebloba asaxa. Tumca, sazogadoebaSi homofobiis done da jgufis gariyulobis xarisxi imdenad maRalia, rom es nabiji mxolod sawyisad SeiZleba CaiTvalos. aucilebelia saqarTvelos xelisuflebis mxridan samoqmedo gegmis miReba angariSebSi rekomendebuli mimarTulebebis Sesabamisad. gegmaSi aucileblad unda aisaxos Semdegi aspeqtebi: - kanonmdeblobis SemuSaveba siZulviliT motivirebuli danaSaulisa da diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg (dasaqmebis sferos garda); - sazogadoebaze orientirebuli saganmanaTleblo programebis ganxorcieleba; - saxelmwifo moxeleebisTvis, kerZod, policiis, sasamarTlos da sasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebebis warmomadgenlebisTvis Tematuri treningebis Catareba; - lgbt adamianebisa da sakiTxebis samarTliani da aradiskriminaciuli CarTuloba ganaTlebis sistemaSi; - lgbt organizaciebis mxardaWera da ganviTarebis xelSewyoba. am zomebis gatareba damyarebuli m a a a a a unda iyos saerTaSoriso organizaa a a a a ciebis - evrosabWos, evrokavSiris, a a euTosa da adgilobrivi adamianis a a a a uflebebis damcveli organizaa a a ciebis mxardaWeraze. a a a

(9) lgbt jgufis warmomadgenelTa diskriminaciis faqtebis kvleva saqarTveloSi.. Tebervali. 2006. (10)"saqarTvelos Sromis kodeqsi". muxli 2. punqti 3.

saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxli antidiskriminaciuli safuZvlebis amomwurav CamonaTvals iZleva. Tumca, maT Soris seqsualuri orientacia naxsenebi araa. samagierod, did progresad miiCneva 2006 wels miRebuli Sromis kodeqsis antidiskriminaciul muxlebSi seqsualuri orientaciis Camateba (10).

5

janmrTeloba
aiv-Sidsi
aiv/Sidsi

adamianis imunodeficitis virusi (aiv) aRmoaCines XX saukunis 80-iani wlebis dasawyisSi; mas Semdeg am virusiT gamowveulma daavadebam - Sidsma - milionobiT adamianis sicocxle imsxverpla.
saidan gaCnda aiv-i?

dReisaTvis ar arsebobs arc erTi mecnierulad damtkicebuli versia am virusis warmoSobis Sesaxeb. arsebobs bevri hi poTeza. erTni amtkiceben, rom aiv-i biologiuri iaraRia, romelic mecnierebma samxedro miznebisaTvis SeimuSaves, meoreni amboben, rom aiv-i aramiwieri warmoSobisaa da mis wyaros ucxoplanetelebi warmoadgenen. SedarebiT marTebulia hi poTeza virusis cxoveluri warmoSobis Sesaxeb:

`msgavsi virusi aqvs maimunebis garkveul jiSs centralur afrikaSi. droTa ganmavlobaSi virusma ganicada saxecvlileba da `moergo~ adamianis organizms, a a m warmoiSva virusis axali saxeoba: adamianis imunodeficitis virusi~.
ra aris Sidsi da ra aris aiv-i?

imisaTvis, rom gavarkvioT ra aris Sidsi, jer movyveT aiv-is Sesaxeb. aiv-i adamianis imunodeficitis virusis Semoklebuli dasaxelebaa. daavadebas, romelsac iwvevs aiv-i, ewodeba aiv infeqcia. aiv infeqcia iwyeba virusis organizmSi SeWris dRidan da grZeldeba adamianis sicocxlis bolomde. aiv infeqcia SeiZleba mimdinareobdes wlebis (4-12 weli) ganmavlobaSi yovelgvari niSnebis gareSe. garkveul periodSi SesaZlebelia moimatos adamianis sxeulis temperaturam, gadiddes limfuri kvanZebi (`jirkvlebi~), gamoixatos sisuste, umadoba, kuWis aSliloba. umravles SemTxvevaSi adamiani ar aqcevs am niSnebs yuradRebas da ar mimarTavs eqims. Zalian mokle droSi es niSnebi qreba da adamians araferi awuxebs, magram daavadeba agrZelebs farulad ganviTarebas. aiv inficirebuli adamiani SeiZleba Tavs kargad grZnobdes mravali wlis ganmavlobaSi da arc ki icodes, rom inficirebulia. ramdenime wlis Semdeg aiv infeqcia azianebs da TandaTan angrevs organizmis imunur sistemas (imunitets). imunuri sistema icavs adamianis organizms sxvadasxva infeqciebisagan. mdgomareobas, rodesac imunuri sistema dangreulia da adamiani infeqciebisagan daucveli xdeba, uwodeben Sidss - SeZenili imunodeficitis sindroms. Sidsi aris aiv infeqciis bolo stadia. am dros Tavs iCens iseTi infeqciebi da simsivneebi (e.w. oportunistuli daavadebebi), romlebic janmrTeli imunuri sistemis pirobebSi ar viTardebian. Sidsis dros organizmSi ganviTarebuli cvlilebebi iwvevs adamianis sikvdils. amrigad, aiv-i virusia, romelic Trgunavs imunur sistemas, xolo Sidsi aiv infeqciiT gamowveuli daavadebaTa kompleqsia, romelic Cndeba aiv inficirebul adamianSi dabali imunitetis fonze.

6

janmrTeloba
aiv-Sidsi
ra gzebiT gadaecema aiv-i?

ratom ar gadaecema aiv-i koRos nakbeniT? i

* daucveli (uprezervativo) sqesobrivi kontaqtiT (vaginaluri - saSoSi, oraluri - `mineti~, analuri - ukana tanSi); * sisxlis kontaqtiT Seumowmebeli sisxlis gadasxma, sxvisi Spricis, nemsis, saparsis, kbilis jagrisis, arasteriluri samedicino an kosmetologiuri instrumentebis gamoyeneba da sxv; * dedidan Svilze orsulobisas, mSobiarobisas an ZuZuTi kvebisas.

rodesac koRo kbens adamians, is nakbenSi asxurebs Tavis nerwyvs. koRos nerwyvSi aiv-i ar xvdeba, radgan koRos mier Sewovili adamianis sisxli xvdeba mis mucelSi, xolo koRos nerwyvi gamomuSavdeba calke arsebul jirkvalSi, Sesabamisad koRos nerwyvi da mis mier Sewovili sisxli erTmaneTSi ar ereva. garda amisa, aiv-i sicocxlisunariania mxolod adamianis organizmSi. sxva cxovelis an mweris organizmSi aiv-i iRupeba. amitom arc koRos, arc sxva mweris an cxovelis nakbeniT aiv-i ar gadadis.
ratom ar gadaecema aiv-i kocnis dros? i

ME
rogor ar gadaecema aiv-i?

am gziT aiv-i ar gadaecema. arsebobs mcire albaToba virusis gadacemisa Rrma kocnis dros, Tu dazianebulia tuCebi an piris Rrus lorwovani garsi (mag. anTebiTi procesebi piris RruSi, sisxldenebi da sxv.). rac Seexeba nerwyvs, cnobilia, rom inficirebuli adamianis nerwyvi ar Seicavs aiv-s im raodenobiT, rac saWiroa sxva adamianis dainficirebisTvis. Teoriulad saWiroa 4 litramde dainficirebuli nerwyvi, rom aiv-i gadaeces sxva adamians.
rogor SeiZleba davicva Tavi aiv-i sgan? i

* xelis CamorTmeviT; * ofliT an cremlebiT; * daxvelebis an daceminebisas; * saerTo WurWlis an TeTreulis gamoyenebisas; * saerTo abazanis an tualetis gamoyenebisas; * sazogadoebriv transportSi mgzavrobisas; * cxovelis an mweris nakbeniT; * kocniT, xelis CamorTmeviT da sxv.

Tu ici, rogor gadaecema aiv-i, SeZleb misgan Tavis dacvas. Sen SegiZlia, miiRo gadawyvetileba, iyolio mxolod erTi, erTguli sqesobrivi partniori. Tu Sen ar SegiZlia, warmoidgino Seni cxovreba seqsis gareSe da ar gyavs mudmivi partniori, maSin gamoiyene prezervativi, romelic dagicavs sqesobrivi gziT gadamdebi infeqciebisgan.
rogor gavigo, inficirebuli var Tu ara?

aiv-is aRmoCena organizmSi SesaZlebelia savaraudo dainficirebis dRidan (virusis organizmSi SeWridan) daaxloebiT 3 Tvis Semdeg. organizmSi aiv-is gamovlenis erTaderTi saSualeba aiv-ze sisxlis specialuri analizia. analizis pasuxi SeiZleba iyos: * uaryofiTi – adamiani ar aris inficirebuli; * dadebiTi – adamiani inficirebulia; * gaurkveveli – sisxlis analizi arasakmarisad mkafioa da aucilebelia ganmeorebiTi testireba aiv-ze.
ikurneba Tu ara aiv/Sidsi?

samwuxarod, jerjerobiT ar aris aiv infeqciiT daavadebulis sruli gankurnebis saSualeba. arsebuli mkurnalobis mizania daavadebulis sicocxlis maqsimaluri gaxangrZliveba. masala moamzada sainformacio samedicino fsiqologiurma centrma "Tanadgoma"

7

interviu
Tanasworoba qarTulad da evropulad
fondi inkluzivis, iseve rogorc sxva uflebaTadamcveli organizaciebis muSaobis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani nawili qveyanaSi arsebuli media-saSualebebis monitoringi da Tanamdebobis pirTa mier adamianis Rirsebisa da uflebebis Semlaxvel gamonaTqvamebze saTanado reagireba gaxlavT. bolo periodis ganmavlobaSi ramdenime mniSvnelovani homofobiuri gancxadebis mowmeni gavxdiT saxelmwifo struqturebis warmomadgenelTa mxridan. raoden paradoqsuladac ar unda JRerdes, es swored is pirebi arian, romlebic samoqalaqo Tanasworobas unda icavdnen. Tumca, rogorc Cans, Cvens qveyanaSi, am mxriv, yvelaferi Tavdayiraa dayenebuli. am sajaro gamosvlebTan dakavSirebiT fondma inkluzivma mcire angariSi moamzada, romelic sakiTxis Semdgom lobirebaSi xelSewyobisaTvis lesoboselebisa da geebis saerTaSoriso organizacias gadaugzavna. saboloo angariSi daegzavna evropis sabWos adamianTa uflebebis komisars, monitoringis komitetis samdivnos, evroparlaments, saqarTvelos parlamentsa da saxalxo damcvels, agreTve evrogaerTianebis warmomadgenlobas saqarTveloSi. angariSSi yuradReba gamaxvilda im sam SemTxvevaze, romelzec Jurnalis sxva statiebSic vsaubrobT. gazeT `axali TaobisaTvis~ micemul interviuSi qalbatoni elene TevdoraZe qarTvel axalgazrdebSi seqsualuri orientaciis masobrivad Secvlis tendenciaze saubrobs da am movlenas damnaSeveobis zrdas ukavSirebs. iqve ki Sefasebas aZlevs am `problemas~ da acxadebs, rom es `aranaklebi saSinelebaa, vidre qurdul samyaroSi CarTva~. meore SemTxveva saqarTvelos saxalxo damcvels ukavSirdeba, romlis azriTac lgbt adamianTa Tanasworobis moTxovnis gaziareba misTvis savaldebulo ar aris. mesame SemTxvevaSi, evrointegraciis saprlamento komitetis Tavmjdomare acxadebs, rom konstitutciis antidiskriminaciuli muxlebi moicavs adamianis iseT moTxovnilebebs, romelic mas dabadebisas uCndeba da romelTa Secvlac SeuZlebelia, magaliTad rasa, kanis feri da sqesi, xolo rac Seexeba pirad simpaTiebs da gemovnebas [igulisxmeba seqsualuri orientacia] amas konstitucia ar unda moicavdes. Jurnali “me” dainteresda evropeli politikosebis azriT am gamonaTqvamebis Taobaze. angariSSi moyvanil faqtebze komentari vTxoveT evroparlamentis wevrs, qalbaton sofi int velds, romelic siamovnebiT dagvTanxmda interviuze. qalbatoni int veldi evroparlamentis lesboseli da gei deputaciis viceprezidentia da aqtiuradaa CarTuli lgbt jgufis uflebebis dacvaSi. rogorc Jurnal `mes~ wina nomerSi viuwyebodiT, is nominirebuli iyo 2006 wlis evroparlamentaris wodebaze.

8

interviu
Tanasworoba qarTulad da evropulad
Jurnali `me~: ra azrisa xarT angariSSi moyvanil gamonaTqvamebze, romelic Tqvens qarTvel kolegebs ekuTvniT? siv: zogierTi maTganis komentireba Zalian rTulia, radgan seriozuli ritorikis farglebs scildeba. Tumca, minda avRniSno, rom es ritorika simptomaturia iseTi xelisuflebisTvis, romelic cdilobs gaeqces pasuxismgeblobas sazogadoebis winaSe. am dros xdeba konkretuli jgufis gamoyofa da yvelafris maTTvis gadabraleba. amis istoriuli magaliTebi mravlad moi poveba – kudianebze nadiroba, ebraelTa devna da qsenofobiis sxva nebismieri gamovlineba. Tundac, ukanasknel TveebSi ruseTSi eTnikur qarTvelebze gaxSirebuli Tavdasxmebi gavixsenoT. rac Seexeba kavSirs danaSaulis zrdasa da seqsualuri umciresobebis uflebebis daculobas Soris, magaliTisTvis holandias moviyvan: seqsualuri umciresobebi arc erT sxva qveyanaSi ar sargebloben samoqalaqo Tanasworobis iseTi xarisxiT, rogorc holandiaSi. didi eWvi maqvs, rom amis gamo holandiaSi damnaSaveobis done ufro maRali iyos, vidre saqarTveloSi. komentars gavakeTebdi agreTve ombudsmenis poziciasTan dakavSirebiTac. rogorc evrogaerTianebis kanonmdebloba, ise saqarTvelosTan mimarTebaSi damtkicebuli samezoblo politikis samoqmedo gegma calsaxad gansazRvravs nebismieri jgufis adamianTa uflebebis Tanabar mniSvnelobas. TavisTavad, sakiTxis amgvarad dayenebac ki, romeli jgufi unda sargeblobdes uflebebiT da romeli ara, arRvevs sayovelTao Tanasworobis princi ps. rac Seexeba evrointegraciis komitetis Tavmjdomaris gamonaTqvams: Zalian cota qveynis konstituciaSi aris naxsenebi seqsualuri umciresobebi, Tumca, Cvens droSi kanonmdebloba mudmivad zustdeba saerTaSoriso samarTlis konvenciuri da precedentuli normebiT. am SemTxvevaSi, es srulad vrceldeba saqarTvelozec. xolo adamianis moTxovnilebebis gansazRvra imiT, rac mas dabadebisas uCndeba, ubralod, aramarTebulia – dabadebis Semdeg adamianis asaki mudmivad icvleba, magram miuxedavad amisa aravis aqvs asakis mixedviT vinmes diskriminaciis ufleba. analogiurad, unarSezRudulobis SemTxvevaTa Zalian mcire nawili vlindeba dabadebisas. amaze raRa vTqvaT? xolo im faqts, rom Cemi kolegis azriT, SeuZlebelia, magaliTad, kanis ferisa da sqesis Secvla, saerTod ukomentarod davtoveb. me: rogor unda aisaxos lgbt adamianebis uflebebi saqarTveloSi, romelic deklarirebulad evropul faseulobebs aRiarebs? evropaSi Tanasworobis gageba calsaxaa. Cven uarvyofT iseT midgomas, roca yvela adamiani Tanasworia, zogierTi ki ufro Tanaswori. ar SeiZleba viyoT tolerantulebi erTi jgufis mimarT da ar viyoT _ sxva jgufebis mimarT. es ar aris Cveni mxridan raime zedmeti keTilSobilebis gamoxatva – adamiani an aris tolerantuli sxvadasxva jgufis mimarT, yovelgvvari gansxvavebis gareSe, an _ ar aris. me: ras usurvebdiT Tqvens qarTvel kolegebs? bolo ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi mimdinare dadebiTi procesebis wyalobiT, saerTaSoriso sazogadoebrioba isev Semotrialda saqarTvelosken. qveyanaSi mimdinare demokratiuli cvlilebebis gamo aRmosavleT evropis saxelmwifoebisTvis igi misabaZi magaliTi gaxda. sasurvelia, Tqveni qveyana lgbt uflebebis dacvis dargSic misabaZ magaliTad iqces sxva evropuli qveynebisaTvis. rodesac Tqveni prezidenti gvestumra mxardaWeris mosapoveblad, Cven, darbazSi msxdomebi mas qarTuli droSebiT davxvdiT da ovacia movuwyveT. didi imedi gvaqvs, rom yvelaferi, risi pirobac man dado pirnaTlad Sesruldeba da es did gavlenas iqoniebs Tqveni yoveli Tanamoqalaqis Tanasworuflebianobaze. Cemi kolegebis, saqarTvelos parlamentarebis adgils ki am TanasworobisTvis brZolis avangardSi vxedav. me: ras etyodiT saqarTveloSi mcxovreb lgbt adamianebs? minda vuTxra, rom aucileblad gamxnevdnen. marTalia, Cven Sors vcxovrobT da bevri problema, romlebsac isini Tqvens qveyanaSi awydebian, evropis SuagulSi aqtualuri aRaraa, magram Cven vswavlobT da vgrZnobT maT mdgomareobas, viciT, raoden rTulia maTTvis TviTrealizacia da Tavisuflad cxovreba. evroparlamenti yovelTvis daicavs saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi lgbt adamianebis uflebebs da mxarSi daudgeba lgbt moZraobas saqarTveloSi.

ME

9

reportaJi
zeimi ojaxur wreSi
lesboselebisa da geebis saerTaSoriso organizacia (ILGA) 1978 wels Seiqmna. sxvadasxva regionSi arsebuli problemebis specifikurobis gaTvaliswinebiT, 10 wlis win, Sedegebis efeqturobis gasazrdelad, regionalizacia gaxda saWiro. wlevandeli iubilari ILGA-s regionul organizacias warmoadgens. evropaSi regionuli struqturis saWiroebas ILGAEurope ase gansazRvravs: "radgan evropa jer kidev araa is kontinenti, sadac lgbt adamianebi ar ganicdian diskriminacias, ar imyofebian stereotipebis gavlenis qveS da ar xdebian Zaladobis msxverplni...". am sityvebis sisworeSi sul mcire, lgbt sakiTxebze momuSave organizaciaTa STambeWdavi ricxvi dagarwmunebT. ilga-evropa arasamTavrobo qolga organizaciaa, romelic lgbt adamianebis uflebebze momuSave 200-mde organizacias aerTianebs evropis masStabiT. wels, am organizaciaTa ricxvs fondi “inkluzivic” Seemata. cxadze cxadia, am organizaciebis unikaluri praqtikuli gamocdileba uflebebisaTvis brZolaSi da sxvadasxva kulturebisa Tu qveynebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli problemebis specifiuroba, azrTa mniSvnelovan sxvadasxvaobas iwvevs, roca miznis misaRwevad saWiro gzebsa da konkretul meTodebs exeba saubari. erTaderTi, razec yvela upirobod Tanxmdeba, ukeTesi evropis xatia, sadac "uzrunvelyofili iqneba adamianis ufleba, sayovelTao Tanasworoba da yvela adamiani daculi iqneba diskriminaciisagan seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis an TviTgamoxatvis niadagze". sabWos arCevnebisa da kandidatTa programebis wardgenis garda, romelSi monawileobis pativi Cvens organizaciasac ergo, konferenciis danarCen dReebSi uamravi saintereso samuSao Sexvedra Tu seminari moewyo. Sexvedrebis formati imgvarad iyo dagegmili, rom sxvadasxva qveynidan Camosul delegatebs maqsimalurad gaadvilebodaT TanamSromloba Teoriuli codnidan, muSaobis praqtikuli gamocdilebis gaziarebiT damTavrebuli. garda amisa, es forumi sakmaod moxerxebulia saerTaSoriso kontaqtebis damyarebisa da calkeuli sakiTxebis lobirebisaTvis, vinaidan organizaciaTa farTo speqtris garda, forums sxvadasxva saerTaSoriso organizaciebis warmomadgenlebic eswrebian - gaero, euTo, evrosabWo, evrokomisia, evroparlamenti da sxv. seqsualoba sxvadasxva kulturebSi, seqsualoba da suliereba, seqsualoba da transgresia, specifiuri problemebi lgbt jgufebis SigniT, media-kampaniebis dagegmvisa da warmarTvis Taviseburebebi, lobirebis aprobirebuli meTodebi... aseTi gaxlavT Sexvedrebis Tematikis arasruli CamonaTvali. evrosabWosa da euTos warmomadgenlebma calke Sexvedra dauTmes siZulviliT motivirebul danaSaulsa da calkeuli incidentebis ganxilvas. cxadia, CvenTvis saintereso yvela Sexvedraze daswreba fizikurad SeuZlebeli iyo da sasurveli programa sakiTxebis aqtualobis mixedviT SevadgineT. Cvens mdgomareobaSi konferenciis bevri monawile aRmoCnda da amitomac cxare debatebi da informaciis gacvla-gamocvla xSirad, Sexvedrebis Semdegac grZeldeboda patar-patara jgufebSi. delegatTa umravlesobas, cxadia seqsualuri umciresobebis warmoamdgenlebi Seadgendnen, Tumca nakleb aqtiurobas arc TanamoazreTa da mxardamWerTa organizaciebis warmomadgenlebi iCendnen. moZraoba, romelic axalgazrda geebisa da lesboselebis ojaxis wevrebma wamoiwyes, TandaTan Zlierdeba evropaSi. mxardamWeri msvlelobebis organizebis garda, isini farTo saganmanaTleblo muSaobasa da lobirebis procesebSic aqtiurad arian Cabmulebi. ilga-evropis aTwliani iubilis aRsaniSnav saRamoze, romelsac win xuTdRiani daZabuli muSaoba uZRoda, marTlac Tbili da ojaxuri atmosfero Seiqmna. albaT, amitomac, savsebiT bunebrivad JRerda gamosamSvidobebeli simRera, romelsac erTxmad mReroda fexze wamomdgari oraskaciani darbazi - "We are family".

ME

10

reportaJi
Teoriidan praqtikamde
SidsTan brZolis yvelaze efeqtur meTodad prevenciuli RonisZiebebis gatareba iTvleba, rac farTo saganmanaTleblo muSaobasa da janmrTeli cxovrebis wesis propagandas gulisxmobs. profilaqtikuri programebi upirvelesad risk-jgufis wevrTa qcevis Secvlazea mimarTuli. rac, Tavis mxriv, detalur kvlevasa da jgufebTan muSaobis specifiuri codnis saWiroebas ganapirobebs. infeqciuri paTologiis, Sidsisa da klinikuri imunologiis centris monacemebiT, aivSidsis gavrcelebis upirveles risk-jgufs intravenuri narkomanebi warmoadgenen (61.8%). 2007 wlis 10 ianvris monacemebiT, saqarTveloSi registrirebulia inficirebis 1156 SemTxveva. gavrcelebis TvalsazrisiT, registrirebul 1,3% SemTxvevaSi, virusis gavrcelebis gza ucnobia. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT Cvens sazogadoebaSi arsebuli homofobiis maRal dones, savaraudoa, rom aiv-is zogierTi registrirebuli SemTxveva, romlis wyaroc daudgenelia, SeiZleba mamakacis mamakacTan daucveli seqsualuri kontaqtis Sedegi iyos. seqsualur qcevebTan da orientaciasTan dakavSirebuli negatiuri Sefasebebi, xSir SemTxvevebSi arTulebs rogorc infeqciis gavrcelebis wyaros dadgenas, aseve prevenciuli RonisZiebebis ganxorcielebasac. im qveynebSi, sadac ar arsebobs Zlieri lgbt moZraoba, Sidsis profilaqtika msm (mamakaci, romelsac seqsi aqvs mamakacTan) jgufSi arasamTavrobo seqtorisa da saxelmwifo servis-centrebis amocana xdeba. msm jgufebTan muSaobis gamocdileba sxva qveynebSi aCvenebs, rom homofobiasTan brZola, specialuri samsaxurebis Seqmnisa da msm jgufis moTxovnaTa Sefasebis kvaldakval, aiv-Sidsis profilaqtikis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi nawilia. 9-12 oqtombers fondma inkluzivma aiv/Sidsis prevenciis Temaze gamarTul trening seminars umaspinZla. trenings holandiuri irganizaciebis COC Netherlands da Schorer -is, agreTve moldovuri organizaciis Gender Doc M eqspertebi uZRvebodnen. treningSi monawileobas iRebda fondi inkluzivis 7 partniori organizacia moldovadan, ukrainidan, somxeTidan, yirgizeTidan da saqarTvelodan. seminaris ZiriTadi Tema aiv/Sidsis prevenciis sakiTxebze lgbt jgufebTan muSaobis meTodebisa da saSualebebis ganxilva iyo konkretuli qveynebis Taviseburebebis gaTvaliswinebiT. seminarSi monawile ramdenime organizacias lgbt jgufebTan muSaobis mravalwliani praqtika gaaCnia. isini aqtiurad TanamSromloben aiv/Sidsis prevenciaze momuSave adgilobriv da saerTaSoriso organizaciebTan, socialur samsaxurebTan, Sesabamis saxelmwifo struqturebTan. seminarze miRebuli praqtikuli gamocdilebis garda, mniSvnelovani iyo Tavad am qveynebSi arsebuli mdgomareobis gacnobac, vinaidan, Sidsis gavrcelebis kanonzomierebidan gamomdinare, qveyanaSi arsebul mdgomareobaze mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens mezobl qveynebSi arsebuli viTarebac. seminaris monawile qveynebSi, iseve rogorc aRmosavleT evropisa da post-sabWoTa sivrcis sxva qveynebSi, dRemde ZiriTad riskqcevad narkotikebis intravenuri moxmareba rCeba. Tumca, bolo xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi, infeqciis gavrcelebis gzebs Soris swrafad izrdeba infeqciis seqsualuri kontaqtiT gadacemis xvedriTi wili, gansakuTrebiT moldovasa da ukrainaSi. inficirebis riskis swraf zrdas xels uwyobs SromiTi migraciac. arsebuli socialur-ekonomikuri mdgomareobis gamo, bevri samuSaod miemgzavreba ruseTSi, italiaSi, TurqeTSi, rac saboloo jamSi aisaxeba aiv-pozitiurTa zrdis faqtzec maT partniorebs Soris. izrdeba virusis homoseqsualuri kontaqtiT gavrcelebis procentuli maCvenebelic, rac kidev erTxel gvanaxebs rogorc profilaqtikuri samuSaoebis gaZlierebis aucileblobas lgbt jgufebs SigniT, ise amgvari Sexvedrebisa da gamocdilebis gaziarebis saWiroebasac.

11

kvlevebi
miTebi homoseqsualobis Sesaxeb
ruseTSi eTnikuri qarTvelebis winaaRmdeg dawyebulma kampaniam didi vnebaTaRelva gamoiwvia qveyanaSi. qarTuli media-saSualebebi, rogorc es demokratiul, Tavisufal da evropul Rirebulebebze orientirebuli saxelmwifos medias Seefereba, erTxmad alaparakdnen rusuli xelisuflebis faSizmze, neonacizmsa da qsenofobiaze. ar gamorCeniaT arc erTi rusi politikosis fraza, romelic qsenofobiis an rasizmis gamovlinebad miiCnies. Tumca, raRac ar maxsovs, amgvari erTsulovneba da demokratiuli faseulobebisaken swrafva gamoemJRavnebinos Cvens medias, roca erT-erTma politikosma satelevizio interviuSi kondoliza raisi `im Sav qalad~ moixsenia. arc meore politikosis winasaarCevno `programas~ gauRizianebia vinme oriode wlis win, rodesac hitleris homoseqsualTa erT gemze Seyra-CaZirvis ganuxorcielebl gegmaze saubrobda aRtacebiT. `erTiani, demokratiuli, evropul da evroatlantikur institutebSi gawevrianebuli qveyana~ ki mxolod sxvis TvalSi bewvis danaxviTa da `mtrulad ganwyobili saxelmwifos~ qsenofobiuri politikis kritikiT ver aSendeba. ormagi standartebi da sazogadoebisaTvis mniSvnelovan problemebisagan distancirebis amgvari formebi situaciis gajansaRebas namdvilad ar uwyobs xels. samwuxarod, aseT situaciaSi instituciebi, romlebic, wesiTa da rigiT, mediatorebis rolSi unda gamodiodnen xSirad koleqtiuri fobiebisa da agresiulobis gaRvivebas uwyoben xels, nebiT Tu uneblied. media dResdReobiT sazogadoebrivi azris Camoyalibebis yvelaze mZlavr iaraRs warmoadgens. swored misi meSveobiT xdeba `ucxos~, rogorc mtris xatis stereotipizacia da tiraJireba isedac daqsaqsul sazogadoebaSi. qsenofobiis gasamZafreblad saWiro sademarkacio xazebs kulturuli, socialuri, eTnikuri, religiuri Tu sxva ram niSniT yoveldRe dauRalavad avlebs qarTulenovani media `Cvensa~ da `sxvas~ Soris. gamonakliss arc lgbt adamianebi warmoadgenen. homofobiuri publikacia-reportaJebis paralelurad, sxvadasxva miTebis gavrcelebiT, media xels uwyobs jgufis marginalizacias, aferxebs qamingauTis processa da maT normalur integracias sazogadoebaSi. samomavlod, Jurnalis moculobis gazrdasTan erTad, dagegmili gvaqvs calke rubrika davuTmoT qarTulenovani mediis gamoxmaurebebs CvenTvis aqtualur sakiTxebze. dRes ki gavagrZelebY Jurnal `mes~ meore nomerSi dawyebul Temas qarTulenovan mediaSi homoseqsualobis/homoseqsualebis Sesaxeb gavrcelebuli miTebisa da stereotipebis Sesaxeb.
miTi: saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi homoseqsualebi dasavluri modis zegavleniT icvlian orientacias.
amgvari warmodgena efuZneba arasakmaris codnas adamianis seqsualobis da konkretulad, seqsualuri orientaciis Sesaxeb. aseve gaugebrobas, romelic yovelTvis warmoiqmneba, Tuki erTmaneTisagan ar ganvasxvavebT seqsualur qcevasa da seqsualur orientacias. seqsualuri orientacia, seqsualuri qcevisagan gansxvavebiT, dakavSirebulia adamianis grZnobebsa da emociebTan da ara moqmedebasTan (qcevasTan). adamianis seqsualuri orientacia, SeiZleba, arc mJRavndebodes mis realur qcevaSi. es bevr faqtorzea damokidebuli. miuxedavad imisa, rom adamians mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi ar hqonia arc erTi homoseqsualuri aqti, is mainc CaiTvleba homoseqsualad, Tu mas misive sqesis adamianebi izidaven. aseTi qceva SeiZleba CaiTvalos heteroseqsualuri qcevis imitaciad, romelic ar Seesabameba mis seqsualur orientacias. rasakvirvelia, SesaZlebelia amgvari ram piriqiTac moxdes - heteroseqsualuri orientaciis mqone adamianis qceva konkretul periodsa da garemoSi homoseqsualuri iyos, magram ver vityviT, rom es adamiani homoseqsualia.

miTi: Sou-biznessa da politikaSi b arsebobs geebis mafia, romelic xels uSlis heteroseqsualebs karieraSi.
miTi "cisferi mafiis" Sesaxeb sakmaod xSirad gvxvdeba sxvadasxva saxis SeTqmulebaTa Teoriebis moyvarulTa Soris. ar arsebobs profesia, romelsac mxolod homo an heteroseqsualebi atareben. Cveulebriv, pirovnul Sexedulebebs Soris gansxvaveba gacilebiT Zlieria, vidre saeWvo erToba seqsualuri orientaciis niSniT. dasavleTSi arsebobs sxvadasxva profesiuli gei-asociaciebi, magram arc erTi maTganis mizans ar warmoadgenos konkretuli moRvaweobis sferos totaluri kontroli. es ubralod SeuZlebelicaa, radgan lgbt jgufis warmomadgenlebi yvelgan absolutur umciresobas Seadgenen. igive exeba politikur

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kvlevebi
miTebi homoseqsualobis Sesaxeb
jgufebsac. `cisferi mafiis~ arsebobis STabeWdileba zogjer SeiZleba Seiqmnas sferoebSi, sadac garkveuli pirobebis gamo, geebisa da lesboselebis procenti saSualoze maRalia, magaliTad: Sou-biznesSi, xelovnebis sferoSi da a.S. imiT SeiZleba aixsnas, rom am sferoSi moRvawe adamianebi ufro tolerantulebi, homoseqsualebi ki, Sesabamisad, ufro gaxsnilebi arian. eTnografiaSi arsebobs ritualuri homoseqsualobis uamravi magaliTi, roca homoseqsualuri gamocdileba zrdasrulobis asakSi SesvlisaTvis saWiro iniciaciis erT-erTi Semadgeneli nawilia. miuxedavad amisa, zrdasrul mamakacTa umravlesoba konkretul sazogadoebebSi heteroseqsualuria. msgavs faqtebs, SeiZleba, SexvdeT sxvadasxva rainduli ordenebisa da samonastro cxovrebis aRwerebSic. arsebobs iseTi Caketili, homogenuri sivrcec (sasjelaRsrulebiTi dawesebulebebi, jari), sadac ZaladobiT ganxorcielebul homoseqsualur aqti Zalauflebis demonstrirebis formaa da aranairi kavSiri ara aqvs seqsualur orientaciasTan.

miTi: seqsualuri eqsperimentebi saSiSi movlenaa. Tu Tqven erTxel mainc geqnebaT homoseqsualuri kontaqti (Tundac Tqveni nebis winaaRmdeg), Tqveni seqsualuri orientacia Seicvleba.

ME

yvela aq CamoTvlil miTs met-naklebad erTi safuZveli aqvs, kerZod, mcdari warmodgenebi im faqtorebze, romlebic gavlenas axdenen seqsualuri orientaciis Camoyalibebaze. amitom gadavwyviteT, statiaSi mogveyvana belis, vainbergisa da hamersmitis vrceli gamokvlevis Sedegebi (1). calsaxa pasuxi kiTxvaze, Tu rogor da ris safuZvelze yalibdeba seqsualuri orientacia, mecnierebas jerjerobiT ara aqvs. arsebobs mravali Teoria, Tumca, saboloo da amomwurav pasuxs arc erTi iZleva. beli, vainbergi da hamersmiti problemas axal, meTodologiurad ufro maRal doneze miudgnen. belma da misma kolegebma scades, SeemowmebinaT sxvadasxva Teoriebi homoseqsualobis warmoSobis Sesaxeb. Catarebulma kvlevebma maT Semdegi daskvnebis gamotanis saSualeba misces: 1) imis albaToba, rom homoseqsualobis mizezi SeiZleba iyos araswori urTierTobebi ojaxSi (avtoritaruli deda da unebisyofo mama), Zalian mcirea; 2) Teoria imis Sesaxeb, rom qaluri homoseqsualoba Cndeba maSin, roca gogo rolur modelad irCevs mamas, ar dasturdeba; 3) stereoti puli warmodgena, rom homoseqsualobis mizezi xSirad sakuTari sqesis ufrosis mier bavSvis garyvnaa, mcdaria; 4) seqsualuri upiratesobebi mozardobis asakSi myarad yalibdeba; zrdasruli adamianebis seqsualur orientaciaSi mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi iSviaTad xdeba; 5) bavSobaSi an mozardobis asakSi, homoseqsualebi heteroseqsual Tanatolebze iSviaTad ar Sedian heteroseqsualur kontaqtSi, Tumca am procesiT an naklebad, an saerTod ar kmayofildebian; 6) TamaSis procesSi bavSvebis qcevis Seusabamoba maT sqesTan (magaliTad Tu biWs uyvars TojinebiT TamaSi) aris mniSvnelovani (magram ara absoluturi) maCvenebeli momavalSi homoseqsualobis ganviTarebisa. imis gamo, rom kvlevis avtorebma ver SeZles, daemtkicebinaT verc erTi Semowmebuli fsiqologiuri Teoria, ivaraudes, rom homoseqsualobis fenomens biologiuri faqtorebi ganapirobebs. unda iTqvas, rom es daskvnac mxolod abstraqtul xasiaTs atarebs da Tezisi homoseqsualobis biologiuri warmoSobis Sesaxeb detalur Semowmebas moiTxovs.
eka aRdgomelaSvili

(1) Bell, A.P., Weinberg, M.S., and Hammersmith, S.K. Sexual Preference: Its Development in Men and Women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981.

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filmebi, sadac uyvarT da ibrZvian imisTvis, rom uyvardeT
90-iani wlebis dasawyisi kinematografSi aSkara cvlilebebisa da axali tendenciebis SemoWriT gamoirCeoda. erTmaneTis miyolebiT _ 1992w. da 1993w. jer e.w. evropuli oskariT, sezariT dajildovda frangi reJisoris siril kolaris `veluri Rameebi~, Semdeg ki amerikuli oskariT aRiniSna jonaTan demis `filadelfia~. am or sruliad gansxvavebuli stilis, esTetikis, kinematografiuli tradiciebis matarebel films manamde TiTqmis tabuirebuli Temebi _ Sidsi da homoseqsualoba _ aerTianebda.
pirvel rigSi swored amitomac gamoarCia kinokritikam siril kolaris `veluri Rameebi~, sadac dasafasebeli ara imdenad tabuirebuli Temis gaxsna iyo, ramdenadac `Signidan wamosuli politkoreqtuli xedva~. axalgazrda reJisori, romlis niWze jer kidev moris pialasTan asistentad muSaobisas alaparakdnen, Tavad iyo SidsiT avad da filmi erTgvar `avtorekviemad~, cxovrebasTan sevdian da amave dros siyvaruliT savse gamoTxovebad aRiqmeboda. misi pirveli avtobiografiuli novela `siyvarulmisjili~ 1987w. gamovida da didi xmauric gamoiwvia, radgan avtori sakmaod Tamamad, daufaravad, viqtimizaciisa da TviTgvemis gareSe laparakobda sakuTar vnebebsa da avadmyofobaze. ori wlis Semdeg kolari ukve `velur Rameebs~ gamoaqveynebs, romlis ekranizacias cota mogvianebiT Tavadve gadaiRebs. siril kolari `sezaris~ dajildoebis ceremoniamde sami dRiT adre 35 wlis asakSi gardaicvala, magram am filmiT arnaxuli warmatebis mopoveba moaswro _ is 90-iani wlebis sakulto figuradac ki iqca. `arCevani sikvdilsa da sicocxles Soris~, `cxovrebis ukompromiso xedva~, `sevdiani da tkiviliani silamaze~, `Rrma da momajadoebeli filmi~... _ epiTetebs ar iSurebdnen `veluri Rameebis~ misamarTiT. biseqsuali Janis (mas Tavad kolari asrulebs) cxovreba boboqari, hedonisturi da imavdroulad tragizmis gancdiTaa savse. amaSi udaod vlindeba franguli kinos tradiciebic, romelSic hedonizmis intonaciebi

XX s.-is miwuruls aRmoCenili da gansakuTrebuli intensivobiT 80-iani wlebidan gamovlenili daavadeba, romlis warmoSobisa da gavrcelebis meqanizmze medicinaSi Sexedulebebi mudmivad icvleboda, xSirad pirdapir asocirdeboda homoseqsualobasTan. `cisferebis daavadeba~ _ asedac ixseniebdnen Sidss im mosazrebiT, rom homoseqsualur urTierTobaSi myofi adamianebi virusis SeZenis maRali riskis jgufs miekuTvnebian. msgavsi dawyvileba isedac mZlavr homofobias kidev ufro amZafrebda.
yovelTvis gamosWvioda. cxovreba, romlisganac tkivilsac xSirad iReb, mainc mSvenieria da swored misadmi miZRvnil himnad aRiqmeboda filmi, romelsac mTlianad fonad mihyveba siril kolarisave simRerebi _ saocrad melodiuri da sevdiani, Tumca amave dros Jiniani da Seupovari. filmis siuJetSi TiTqos yvelaferia imisTvis, rom is pirquSi da apaTiuri gamosuliyo. magram sikvdilis piras myofi personaJic da reJisoric SavTeTr ferebSi sruliadac ar warmoidgenen realobas. miT umetes, isini ar arian moralistebi, Tumca filmis naxvis Semdeg emociurad datvirTuli, bevr raRacaze ufro seriozulad fiqrdebi. erT-erT interviuSi reJisorma mkacrad Seafasa sakuTari Tavi: `daucveli seqsi, romelic Cemi daudevari xasiaTis damsaxurebaa, marlTmsajulebam Tamamad SeiZleba namdvil kriminalad Seafasos. adamianebma unda iswavlon siyvaruli, Tavisi, sxvisi da mTeli samyaros dafaseba. magram naTels rom miaRwio, Tavad unda gaiaro wyvdiadSi.~

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filmebi, sadac uyvarT da ibrZvian imisTvis, rom uyvardeT
namdvil jojoxeTs gaivlis endic (tom henqsi) filmSi `filadelfia~, Tumca ara imdenad dasustebuli organizmisgan miRebuli tkivilis gamo, ramdenadac adamianebisgan wamosuli undoblobiT, sazogadoebis mier misi marginalizaciis mcdelobiT. eWvi, rom endi SidsiT aris daavadebuli, xdeba misi samsaxuridan daTxovnis mizezi. erT-erTi soliduri firmis warmatebul, perspeqtiul da yvelasTvis sayvarel advokats uecrad sruliad sxva Tvisebebs miaweren: realuri mizezis dasamalad mas arakompetenturobaSi adanaSauleben. kidev ufro mtkivneulia imis Segneba, rom samsaxuridan gaSvebis virusze ufro Zlieri faqtori misi homoseqsualobaa. endis advokatic ki (denzel voSingtoni), romelic valdebulia daicvas nebismieri adamianis uflebebi _ Tavdapirvelad homofoburi ganwyobisgan Tavisufali ar aris. `bavSvobidan ise gzrdian, rom alternatiul seqsze ar gesaubrebian. geubnebian, rom homoseqsualebi cota ucnaurebi arian, ise icvamen, rogorc dedebi, eSiniaT Cxubis da erTaderTi rac undaT, sacvalSi SemogiZvrnen, amitom unda ufrTxilde. aqedan yalibdeba sabolood Tqvenze warmodgena~ _ gulwrfelad aRiarebs is endisTan saubarSi. SemTxveviTi ar aris, rom filmis moqmedeba filadelfiaSi mimdinareobs _ adamianis uflebaTa deklaraciis samSobloSi. `raRac ar maxsovs, rom iq eweros: yvela heteroseqsual adamians aqvs Tanabari uflebebio~ _ amayad Seaxsenebs advokati ukve sasamarTloSi damswre sazogadoebas. Tumca filadelfiaSic deklaracia xSirad mxolod deklaraciad rCeba, radgan sazogadoebaSi jer kidev Zlieria `sxvanairi~ adamianisadmi SiSi da agresia. adamianis uflebaTa deklaraciis Seqmnis adgilasac adamianis uflebebi xSirad farisevluri RimiliT irRveva. filmSi araCveulebrivi sizustiT aris gadmocemuli, rogor icvleba adamianTa urTierTdamokidebuleba, rogorc ki Seityoben raimes `normidan gadaxvevis~ Sesaxeb: mxurvale Sexvedra uxerxuli pauziTa da xelis mkveTri gaweviT mTavrdeba, biblioTekari, romelic gulmodgined moZebnil kodeqsebs yalbi RimiliT giwvdiT, iqve daJinebiT iTxovs Tqvens calke, izolirebul kabinetSi gayvanas... Tumca, swored aq _ adamianis uflebaTa deklaraciis samSobloSi, SeuZlebelia, sabolood samarTalma ar izeimos da endis mier aRZruli sasamarTlo procesi misi gamarjvebiT mTavrdeba. `filafelfiis~ warmateba Zalze mniSvnelovani iyo, ramdenadac erTis mxriv, is masobriv mayurebelze gaTvlil tipiur holivudur films warmoadgenda Tavisi maJoruli finaliTa (miuxedavad mTavari gmiris sikvdilisa) da samarTlianobis aRdgenis amerikuli miTiT, Zveli Tu axali stereotipebiT (ukompromiso advokati da homoseqsualze manamde danergili homofoburi warmodgenis sapirispirod _ daxvewili gemovnebis, romelic aucileblad usmens klasikur musikas, aRmerTebs maria kalass da a.S.), meores mxriv, ki axal tendenciebs avlenda swored holivudSi, sadac Tavis droze (1931w.) heisis kodeqsiT aikrZala homoseqsualobaze odnavi miniSnebac ki. Sidsis Tema reabilitaciis erT-erTi mZlavri impulsi gaxda. 90-iani wlebidan isini araerTxel warmoCndeba ekranze, warmatebuli Tu warumatebeli mxatvruli ganzogadebiT, axali stereotipebis CamoyalibebiTa Tu araordinaruli rakursiT; pedro almodovari misTvis damaxasiaTebel provokaciul xumrobasac ki `gabedavs~ filmSi `yvelaferi dedaCemis Sesaxeb~, sadac transeqsuali mamisgan memkvidreobiT miRebuli virusisgan saswaulebrivad ganikurneba patara estebani. Tumca xumrobaSi provokaciaze metad momavali adamianis imedi ufro Cans, romelic qsenofobiisgan Tavisufal sazogadoebaSi ibadeba da romlis CasaxvisTvis `normirebuli sqesic~ ar aris aucilebeli... am imedamde ki iyo filmebi _ `veluri Rameebi~ da `filadelfia~, romlebic `gvaswavlida siyvaruls, sakuTar, sxvis da mTeli samyaros dafasebas~. Teo xatiaSvili

ME

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CemTvis daxocili xarebi
axla mivdivar-meTqi da yurmili davukide. saSineli idiotia. sul mTlad galoTda, gaWaRaravebuli Tma sasacilod gascvivda. ori dRis win damireka da miTxra, infeqciurSi wadi da Sidsze analizi aiReo. Zviri ar aris, Tu fuli ara gaqvs, CemTan Semoiare, me mogcemo. delisidan fexiT Cavedi. sazizRrad kargi amindi iyo. sul fexebze ekida yvelas, me sad mivdiodi da ratom. vicodi, rom venidan amiRebdnen da yvelaze metad es maSinebda. venaSi ubralod ki ar gamikeTeben nemss – didxans mwoven sisxls. jandaba! xom ar ajobebs, saxlSi gavbrunde? tvins gamiburRavs, gadamayolebs, analizi ratom ar gaikeTeo. cxela. Tumca, ukve seqtemberia. fexebi saSinlad gamioflianda. quCaSi iseTi moZraobaa, gadasvla SeuZlebelia. miwisqveSaSi Cavdivar da uceb cxirwin midgas. Cemze bevrad ufrosi iqneba, 40 wlamde. mxolod gamiRima da meti araferi. xelebi jibeebSi ewyo. infeqciur saavadmyofomde mivaRwie. ezoSi fiWvebi yvavian. es sezoni suramSi an borjomSi Zalian kargi iqneboda. filtvebisTvis sasargebloa fiWvebis yvaviloba. adre Zalian vcdilobdi, fiWvis yvavilebi mepovna. Cemi azriT, romelime udReur mindvris yvavils unda mgvaneboda. aucileblad TeTri unda yofiliyo da arc ise didi. sanam fiWvze ar aZvrebodi, ver dainaxavdi, wiwvebSi iqneboda Camaluli. ”Sidsisa da klinikuri imunologiis centri” unda movZebno. RmerTma icis, sad jandabaSia. infeqciuris ezoSi uamravi Senoba dgas, midi da eZebe. jer Sokolads viyidi. gamafrTxila, venidan sisxls rom agiReben, aucileblad Sokoladi unda SeWamo, Torem Tavbru dagexveva da SeiZleba guli wagivideso. TeTr jixurSi viyidi Sokolads. ”hematogeni” ar eqnebaT, bavSvobaSi miyvarda. erTxel ekam, Cemma klaselma miTxra, xaris sisxlisgan akeTebeno. warmovidgine, rogor icleba sisxlisgan xari, daaxloebiT rogorc koridaze; viRac TeTrxalaTianebi morbian da vedroebs uxvedreben mowanwkare sisxls. arcerTi wveTi ar unda daikargos, Torem hematogeni gemrieli ar gamova. guli mereva. kidev kargi, Cveulebriv Sokolads xaris sisxlisgan ar akeTeben. – Sokoladi ra Rirs? – romeli, Svilo? – eWvis TvaliT miyurebs, etyoba, xvdeba, risTvis minda da vecodebi. xedavs, rogor amiweven perangis saxelos, spirtiani bambiT damizelen mklavs da Sprics nela Semiyvanen venaSi. sisxli wiTeli iqneba, ufro moSavo. – sul erTia.… – mainc? – axla damcinavad moeRrica tuCebi. ra sastikia, ratom ar mexmareba? ar vecodebi? mTeli dRe am jixurSi dgas da vaWrobs. saxlSi albaT gvian brundeba, qmaric eyoleba da bavSvebic. me ar vecodebi? – kai, aRar minda saerTod, – swrafi nabijiT vSordebi da saavadmyofos ezoSi Sevdivar. rogor gamikvirda, leqciaze rom Semovida. jibidan sigaretis kolofi amoiRo da gamoacxada: – leqciebze movwev xolme, drodadro fanjara gamovaRoT gasaniaveblad. winaaRmdegi xom ar aris vinme? – sigaretis Reri TiTebiT dasrisa, pirSi Caido da moukida, – me meoce saukunis amerikuli literaturis kurss wagikiTxavT, wlis bolos geqnebaT gamocda. xval savaldebulo wasakiTxi wignebis sias amogitanT, kaTedraze damrCa.… visac gamocdaze gasvla ar unda, yvela wigni unda hqondes wakiTxuli da amas garda, orive semestrSi TiTo mwerali unda amoirCios. mokled, semestris bolos naSromebs Cavibareb. Tu Cemi daxmareba dagWirdebaT, agera var, arsad ar gavrbivar da gamomiyeneT. iqneb am qalebs vkiTxo? warmovidgine, rom mivdivar da sruliad Cveulebrivad vekiTxebi: – ukacravad, qalbatono, xom ver metyviT, Sidsisa da klinikuri imunologiis cen-

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ART

CemTvis daxocili xarebi
tri sad aris? – gamoSterdebian, erTerTi albaT loyaze Semoirtyams xels da Sehkivlebs bebiaCemiviT: ”uime, Svilo!” ramdeni fiWvia ezoSi. pavlovidan Semosul binZur haers mainc ver akavebs. aq fiWvebs ra aayvavebs. marto TeTri xalaTebi yvavian. Tvalebs Tu bolomde ar daxuWav, TeTrxalaTianebi gigantur yvavilebs daemsgavsebian. fiWvis yvavilebi aucileblad patara da TiTqmis uCinari unda iyos. sunic Taviseburi unda hqondes – rogoric fiWvis kevas aqvs, momwaro, magram sasiamovno. erT-erT Zvel Senobas mivuaxlovdi. aivanic aqvs. ra saWiroa saavadmyofoSi aivani? warmovidgine, momakvdavi rogor eficxeba mzes, mere saSineli xvela autydeba da virusebsa da baqteriebs dafantavs! Tumca, iqve xom fiWvebi dgas, wiwvebze SerCeba yvelaferi. naxveli da lorwo patara nafleTebad daefineba wiwvebs, mzeze abrWyvialdeba da maSin xeze aZromac ar dagWirdeba, qvemodanac dainaxav mocimcime yvavilebs. pavlovze pikis saaTia, fiWvebi gamonabolqvis nislSi ixrCobian. – heminguei ori romanis Semdeg mokvda – ”fiesta” da ”mSvidobiT iaraRo”. Tamamad SegiZliaT, sxva romanebi arc waikiTxoT, sul meordeba da nel-nela kvdeba, romanidan romanSi. ”fiestas” finalSi sakuTar Tavs ganaCeni gamoutana, citata zustad ar maxsovs, magram daaxloebiT ase JRers: – arada, xom SeiZleboda, yvelaferi sxvanairad, ukeTesad yofiliyo.…marTlac ase moxda. mTeli cxovreba ebrZoda sakuTar ambiciebs da bolos damarcxda. albaT, Zalian Rrma da Zlieri kompleqsebi uSlida xels, sul xazs usvamda, rom ”kvercxebiani”, Zlieri kaci iyo. namdvili maCo. xelTaTmanebiviT icvlida colebsa da sayvarlebs da mwerlobaSic imave gziT midioda. cdilobda, sakuTar Tavs gaqceoda, magram erTi da imaves tiraJirebis garda veraferi moaxerxa. Tqvens savaldebulo programaSi pirveli ori romani Sevitane, danarCens, Tu survili geqnebaT, TviTon waikiTxavT, – rgolebad amouSva boli da Caicina. albaT, hgonia, rom verafers mivxvdi. berjesis ”hemingueis cxovrebidan” amokrefili frazebiT Seakowiwa leqcia. sasaciloa. meCveneba, Tu sul me miyurebs? axladgaremontebul korpusTan ori eqimi dgas. momwvano feris xalaTebi acviaT. albaT qirurrgebi arian, xelebze etyobaT. Zalian cxeli wyliT rom daiban an rezinis xelTaTmanebs rom moixsni, iseTi feris xelebi aqvT. amaTTan mival. – ukacravad, Sidsisa da klinikuri imunologiis centri sad aris, xom ver metyviT? am Senobas mouare da marjvniv egreve dainaxav. – gmadlobT! – arafers, – dacinva momesma xmaSi. TiTqos xedavdnen, rogor viweqi Cems leqtorTan da Tvalsa da xelsSua rogor gadamedo Sidsi. TiTqos TvalebiT meubnebodnen, prezervativi ar arsebobs SenTvis, biZiko? iare axla da ikeTe analizebi! eg Tu giSveliso. sigaretsac gansakuTrebulad ewevian, TiTqos cdiloben, TiTebiT zedemtad ar Seexon. rogorc mundStukiani qalebi 30-iani wlebis filmebSi. axalgazrda qirurgebi… albaT, sul raRac naxevari saaTis win viRacis mucelSi iqeqebodnen, axla ki Tavgadadebuli esTetebiviT faqizad ewevian sigarets. Sidsis centrs, rogorc iqna, mivageni. erTibewo abra aqvT SesasvlelTan mikruli. TiTqos imalebian, ar undaT, rom bevrma dainaxos, bevri movides, datovos Tavisi sisxli da mere ramdenime weliwadSi mokvdes. pirveli sarTuli carielia. avdivar meoreze. pirveli semestris boloa. amerikuli literaturis CaTvlaze mivdivar, jeims bolduinis `jovanis oTaxi~ avirCie Temad. cota ar iyos, gaukvirda. bevri vilaparake, literaturuli Rirebuleba naklebi aqvs, magram rogorc socialuri movlena Zalian sainteresoa-meTqi. sigareti magidaze daeferfla. niWieri biWi xar. modi, leqciebis mere SevxvdeT

ME

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ART

CemTvis daxocili xarebi
da samomavlo gegmebze vilaparakoTo. vicodi, rac mindoda. unda meCvenebina am kacisTvis, rom mxolod TviTon ar brZandeboda Wkuis kolofi da wignebi mxolod TviTon ar hqonda wakiTxuli. sigaretisgan TiTebi mTlad gayviTleboda. mixvda, rom vabamdi. me-4 leqciis Semdeg SevxvdeTo. mosacdelSi davjeqi. anketa aviRe. namdvili literatura ici ra aris? bitnikebi Tu gagigia? magaliTad ginzbergi? Cemi rigi mova male. anketa Sevavse. fanjridan erTi fiWvi moCans. bolduini ratom airCie? amiT CemTvis risi Tqma gindoda? xom xvdebi, rasac vgulisxmob? yvela saavadmyofoSi asea. derefnebi yvelgan Cabnelebulia, kedlebi ki naxevramde cisferi an momwvano saRebaviTaa SeTiTxnili. civa. ramdeni wlis xar? 18? me 42-is gavxdi wels. didi sxvaobaa. xom ar gaSinebs? kai, xval saRamos CemTan gamoiare saxlSi, samomavlod SenTvis raime ufro seriozuli unda movifiqroT. Cemi rigia. yvelaferi meqanikurad xdeba. televizors xma Cavuwie. es me ara var. morCilad vjdebi magidasTan, morCilad viwev maRla perangis saxelos da Tvals ar vaSoreb Sprics. sisxliT nela ivseba, nela da bolomde. gaval Tu ara, Sokolads viyidi. xaris sisxliani Tu viSove, xom mTlad ukeTesi. xaris sisxls SevWam. mxarze damado xeli: marTla arvin gyolia? ver davijerebo. saxeze mefereba. nu geSinia, ar getkineba, cota moeSvi, aseTi daZabuli nu xaro. did yavisfer taxtze davweqiT. raRac sisuleleebs meCurCuleboda. warmovidgine, Cems jgufelebs rom davenaxeT aseT mdgomareobaSi, ra daemarTebodaT da gamecina. ra gacinebs? SenTvis beberi var da damcinio. gabrazebuli gadajda savarZelSi. analizis pasuxebi ramden dReSi iqneba, ar vici. damaviwyda, mekiTxa. ara uSavs, davrekav da gavigeb. fiWvebSi gamovedi isev. beberi fiWvebia, TiTqmis gamxmari. erT dResac suyvelas erTianad gaCexaven da kargic iqneba. avadmyofi xeebi vis raSi sWirdeba? gverdiT mivujeqi: – oRond ar matkino, kargi? meore semestris bolos gamocda daminiSna. isev ise eweoda sigarets da mwuravda. lamis yvelaferi mkiTxa, didxans mawvala. – momeciT Tqveni CaTvlis wignaki, Tu SeiZleba, – naCqarevad CajRabna Sig raRac da civad momigdo. auditoriidan gavedi, wignaki gavSale – 5 (fr)... kidev furclis patara nagleji ido Sig: “nu mirekav, Tavi damanebe” – ha, ra qeni, aiRe analizi? – … – ratom ar mpasuxob? – ki. – rodis iqneba pasuxi? xom ici, Cemi brali ar aris! ar vicodi, avad Tu viyavi. mec axlaxan gavige. Sen patara aRara xar da kargad icodi, razec midiodi.…gagimarTla, rom me Segxvdi pirveli, sxva ufro cudad mogeqceoda. analizis pasuxs rom gaigeb, damireke.… yurmili davukide. idiotia. galoTebuli WaRara idioti. saSinlad scviva Tma. male mTlad gamelotdeba da mere mokvdeba. me jer kidev maqvs Sansi. gaval da xaris Sokolads viyidi. – aiRe yurmili! vici, rom saxlSi xar! aiRe-meTqi! sad daikarge? ramdeni xani gavida, analizis pasuxi ar migiRia? ratom ar mirekav? gabrazebuli xar? gewyina rame? specialurad ar gagaTavisufle gamocdidan, eWvi rom ar

ME

18

ART

CemTvis daxocili xarebi
aeRoT. ra ginda, ver vxvdebi? Seni bralia, TviTon Camabi am TamaSSi. Cems studentebTan adre arasodes araferi mqonia. Sen pirveli iyavi. Tavs nu isuleleb! orivem kargad viciT, pirvel semestrSi bolduini ratomac airCie. axla raRa ginda? ras mabraleb? ubralod, miTxari analizis pasuxi da morCa. damireke, gaige?! maRaziaSi Sevedi. – hematogeni gaqvT? – xaris sisxliani Sokoladi? gamyidvelas avxede, eka iyo. skolis damTavrebis Semdeg ar menaxa. kidev ufro gasuqebula. eSmakurad micinis da elodeba, rodis daveZgerebi Casaxuteblad. – aq ra ginda? – vmuSaob. Sen ras Svebi? – me vswavlob. Zaan gamixarda Seni naxva.… – ra damiviwye, ra iyo? ra iSove amisTana? erTi mainc dagereka! – eh, eka, me male movkvdebi, Sidsi maqvs… – veubnebi useriozulesi saxiT. erTi wamiT ibneva da egreve isterikulad xarxarebs. – fu, ra gamoyleebuli xar, ra SemaSine! – marTla geubnebi. – gadii! skolaSic mase atrakebdi yovelTvis! – eka msuqan mklavebs mxvevs da minda Tu ar minda, mis savse mkerds var miyrdnobili. me-11 klasSi erTxel saswauli Secdoma dauSva citataSi: ”maqvs mkerds midebuli qmari, rogorc minda…” – Sen raRa gacinebs? xom ver vetyvi, raze gamecina, ar uyvars, am ambavs rom axseneben. – Cvenebis ambebi ici? sofiko gaTxovda SarSan, egreve tyupebi gaaCina. goga skolaSi muSaobs fiskulturis maswavleblad.… kidev bevri ilaparaka, magram gogas mere aRar vusmendi. fizkulturis maswvalebeli gamxdara, fexburTs ratom daaneba neta Tavi? ekas zedmeti mondomebisgan saxe wamouwiTlda. – ui, marTla, Sen ra gindoda? – axsendeba, rom gamyidvelia. – hematogeni. Sokoladia aseTi. – vici. gagviTavda. – au, sad veZebo axla? – moica, sawyobSi vnaxav. velodebi. raRacnairi Wyetela maRaziaa, yvelaferi blomad yria daxlebze. namdvilad ekas teritoriaa. amasobaSi gamovida. xelSi Sokoladi uWiravs: – gvqonia. – ra Rirs? – Sen xo ar gagiJdi? gCuqni, kaco! midi, kidev aiRe rame.… – ara, araferi ar minda. – aiRe-meTqi! – uceb Tvalebi eSmakurad aucimcimda, – modi, prezervativebs gaCuqeb! – madloba, magram ukve ar mWirdeba! – ekas gaognebul saxes yuradRebas ar vaqcev, Sokolads jibeSi videb da maRaziidan gavrbivar. – ra iyo, SeCema, ar gidgeba? – Soridan mesmis ekas xma. – ratom ar damireke? nu sulelob! analizis pasuxi gaige? – ho. – mere, ar unda dagereka? xma amoiRe! ra dagemarTa? miTxari! gWirs? hoo? Cemi bralia.…mapatie. ar vicodi. es rom mcodnoda... ginda, CemTan gadmodi da erTad vicxovroT? mi pasuxe, ginda? sxva me ra SemiZlia...… – nu mirekav, Tavi damanebe! – CaTvlis wignakSi Cadebuli furceli davubrune. analizis pasuxi jibeSi midevs, magarm arafers ar vetyvi, ra misi saqmea? advilad gamovZveri, bevr hematogens SevWam da zog-zogierTebisgan gansxvavebiT kidev didxans ar movkvdebi. xaris sisxli sasargebloa zaza meliqiSvili

19

English

resume

INTRODUCTION After introducing the main topics of HIV/AIDS and advocacy, that were chosen in connection to 1st and 10th of December, “me” traditionally offers the digest of the main happenings in Georgia and in the world. Important news that comes from Georgia is that Inclusive Foundation hosted the first international LGBT event, namely HIV/AIDS prevention workshop conducted by partner organizations. Media coverage of the magazine and organization’s activities is also addressed in this section. As to the other happenings, section summarizes outcomes of the first year activities, plans for 2007 and touches upon international dimension of Foundation’s work. In world news section ILGA-Europe’s 10th conference is covered. Norwegian address to the UN Human Rights Council and supporting NGO statement composes another part of the section. Granting consultative status to ILGA, Danish and German LGBT organizations by ECOSOC is addressed as well. In the last part entitled ‘Europe Equals Equality’, magazine informs readers on announcement of the year 2007 as European year for equal opportunities for all by EU and about resolution adopted by the European Youth Forum that targets homophobia. KNOW YOUR RIGHTS This time we decided to dedicate this section to the long processes of reporting on the status of LGBT in Georgia conducted by ILGA-Europe. We offer translation of the summary of all studies conducted for this purpose and that was sent to number of European human rights institutions. HEALTH AIDS this time! Our partner Tanadgoma that has an extensive knowledge and practice in prevention strategies gives basic facts on HIV/AIDS and informs on ways of transmission, symptoms, prevention measures and many other important aspects of this viral infection. INTERVIEW: In the article called “Equality in Georgian and in European way” European Parliament Member Sophie Int’Veld comments on statements by Public Defender of Georgia and two parliamentary committee Heads (Committees on Human Rights and Civil Integration and European Integration). Ms. Int Veld submits that Europe is very clear about equality and sexual orientation is as important

ground for nondiscrimination as any other. She expresses her hope that Georgia will successfully continue democratization and that this process will not bypass LGBT issues. REPORTAGE: Two important reports describe ILGA-Europe’s 10th annual conference in Sophia, where Inclusive Foundation was represented as a full member and HIV/AIDS international training in Gudauri, Georgia conducted within frames of PRECIS project (Prevention and Empowerment in CIS). STUDY Myths on homosexuality are still endemic for Georgian society. This study addresses most promulgated myths that are determining negative social attitudes and contribute to strengthening of the homophobia in public. It also highlights linkage between homophobia and other types of ‘fear of other’ bringing as an example the recent witch hunt against ethnic Georgians in Russia, by this illustrating the negative implications of any type of social phobia. ART This section gives a very rich coverage of HIV/AIDS topical intrusion into cinema. It tells the story how, infected himself, Cyril Collard completed the most audacious film on AIDS. “Savage Nights” saw a huge success yet finding its creator passed away three days before Cesar Award was given to it. Article also tells an Oscar winner story of “Philadelphia”, perhaps the most popular movie commemorating victims of AIDS and homophobia. “Me” magazine also offers the original piece by Georgian writer entitled “Bulls Slaughtered for Me” that is a story of the young Georgian student undergoing the horror of expecting blood test results after a worthless and devastating adventure. It is left up to readers’ discretion to decide is he really worried about results or is this devastation emotional because of the feelings of him. COVERS At the end, announcement on the launching of Foundation’s new website is placed. Main information resources and services accessible through the website are also annotated. The back cover of the issue gives equality index where degree of equality correlates with the well being of society in different parts of the world.

ME
me

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publikaciebi
* fondis mier ganxorcielebuli kvlevebis publikaciebi; * Jurnal “mes” eleqtronuli versiebi

Tema

statiebi homoseqsualobis, a m q a seqsualuri orientaciis q a a Camoyalibebis, gavrcelebuli lgbt a a a simboloebis Sesaxeb. m a

Cven Sesaxeb
* organizaciis misia, miznebi, saqmianobebi. * informacia momsaxurebis Sesaxeb: - ufaso iuridiuli, samedicino da fsiqologiuri konsultaciebi; - advokatireba; - sadiskusio da kinoklubi; - art-iniciativebis waxaliseba; i - sainformacio da saganmanaTleblo momsaxureba da sxv.

Tuki irRveva Tqveni uflebebi

an

gWirdebaT
iuristis, eqimis, fsiqologis

daxmareba
SegiZliaT dagvikavSirdeT da isargebloT

ufaso

iuridiuli,

samedicino,

fsiqologiuri

programebi
* advokatireba; * jandacva; * jgufis konsolidacia; * art iniciativebi; * media

konsultaciebiT
fondi "inkluzivi” mzadaa iTanamSromlos yvela dainteresebul pirTan da organizaciasTan, vinc mxars uWers lgbt uflebebis dacvas saqarTveloSi dainteresebul pirebs vTxovT, dagvikavSirdnen Semdeg misamarTze: info@inclusive-foundation.org © fondi “inkluzivi”

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