Fig.

5-1: Emission-pattern coordinate system

Fig. 5-2: Lambertian radiance pattern .

Fig. 5-3: Source-to-fiber coupling .

Fig. 5-8: Two modal distributions .

Fig. 5-9: Mechanical misalignments .

Fig. 5-10: Axial offset condition .

5-13: Longitudinal offset effect .Fig.

Fig. 5-14: Comparison of misalignment effects .

5-15: Fiber cleaving .Fig.

5-16: Fiber end defects .Fig.

5-17: Fusion splicing .Fig.

5-22: End face reflections .Fig.

5-23: Angled end face .Fig.