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From the Library of Daniel Binchy

AURAICEPT NA N-ECES
THE SCHOLARS' PRIMER

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D. B. AND INDICES GEORGE CALDER. NOTES. TRANSLATION OF THE BALLVMOTE TEXT.AURAICEPT NA N-ECES THE SCHOLARS' PRIMER BEING THE TEXTS OF THE OGHAM TRACT FROM THE BOOK OF BALLVMOTE AND THE VELLOW BOOK OF LECAN. WITII INTRODUCTION. BRIDGE 1917 . AND THE TEXT OF THE TREFHOCUL FROM THE BOOK OF LEINSTER EDITEU FROM EIGÍIT MANUSCRIPTS. Lectiirer in Celtic. University of Glasgow EDINBURGH: JOHN GRANT 31 GEORGE IV.

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A CHUM GLOIRE DHE AGUS MAR CHUIMHNEACHAN AIR MO BHRÁTHAIR lAIN NACH MAIREANN NOTUS IN FRATRES ANIMI l'ATERNI .

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PREFACE The appearance of the Auraicept at the present tÍFie. it is to be fearf. C.. the Advocates' College. . Lindsay his for friendly criticism. and Trinity part Dublin. and Mr Malcolm some errors. and for pointing out Every facility has been given by the LÁbrarians of the Universities of Glasgow and Irish Edinbuígh. C. in this But beg of all friends who have specially assisted me undertaking. November 1916. however ínopportune. chiefly on the extracts to from edition for of Origines. some the difficult words the MSS. an adverse influence at least temporarily on Celtic studles. The Carnegie Trust has generously borne expense of publication. and to my deep regret this I find myself constrained matírially to I curtail preface. I am J.d. Glasgow. of the G. Library. indebted to Mr E. because long overdue. Quiggin for his kindness in giving me for ^co his transcript of the Egerton MS. MacFarlane the labour of verifying the references of the Indices to the Text. whether by encouragement or advice. in Purton help in deciphering Prof. i . the Royal Acadcmy.. is necessary. Recent events have exercised. to accept my heartfelt thanks. to Mr W.

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xiii . AND NaTIONS INDEX OF PeRSONS . with Transcript OF the Interlinear Explanations and Translation thereof Glossarial Index INDEX OF PlACES.... . .315 362 368 .. . . .... Trefhocul with Examples De Duilib Feda Ogam.. . . . . XV xix 2 INTRODUCTION I. . . II.. Photographs of Ogham Alphabets. . TRIBES.. .. .... ... Transcribed or Collated AUTHORITIES REFERRED TO OR QUOTED . with Translation . ...... Text with Translation Text Untranslated .... . .. 300 . * . . . .171 258 270 272 Prologue and Examples. ... .. .. .CONTENTS MSS.

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the beginning of a glossary of the Auraicept which closely resembles II b the Lecan glossary. E.. vii. This MS. century. do not contain the mnemonic poem or the Trefhocul. MS. R. 1-39. TRANSCRIBED OR COLLATED FiRST Familv (Short Text). but it has a poem of about 200 verses on early Bible history. British Museum. LL. Eg. does not contain either the Trefhocul or the mnemonic poem. first T.4. L. Advocates' Library. Advocates' Library. I. E. Edinburgh. Second Familv (Long YBL. (3 Vellow Book of Lecan (219 a 23-241 13).D.I.MSS.C.D. MS. contain the mnemonic poem but not the Trefhocul. Book of Hy Maine L B. xiii . HM. xii. R.C.A. The Tref hocul with examples.D. T. M. Ed. Text).A. YBL. Egerton. BB.I. (Trefhocul.. Boolí of Lecan. 88 (63 i b 26-76 i a 41). H. 159-207) T. T.A. Eg. is intermediate It between the and the second family. with examples). Book of Ballymote (308 I.22 (pp. /3 44-333) I4th century. R. B..C.

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Cor. Cor. Dicht. Irische iii. iv. iv. An Irish-English Dictionary. fiir Celtische Philologie. Hennessy. Anecdota from Archiv fiir Irish Manuscripts. translated by O'Donovan. Meyer. ii. A Ducange. Calcutta. 1907. i. Leipzig. S. 15B. C.. Dublin. Cath Ruis na Rígh. Stolces. P. P. ed. ed. K. Dublin. Stolces. CC. Donl. The Irish ^neid.. ed. Dublin. P. Glossarium Palaeohibernicum. GIossary to DonIevy's Catechism. Death Tales of the Ulster Heroes. 1913. 1904. ed. CZ. ed. Irische Texte Anmann. ed.. Hogan. Dublin. K. Uber die Álteste Irische Dichtung. 1900. SPA. of Ulster. Din.. 1892. Beatha Colmáin maic Lúacháin.. MacCarthy. Dublin. Sprachen. ed. Beatha Col. Aislinge Meic Conglinne. Arch. 1907-12. Cóir ed. vol. Meyer. K. C. Ascoli. ed. Meyer's Contributions to Irish Lexicography. vol. A. Glossary. London. Stokes. The Annals 1887 . 1825. Glossarium Mediae et Infimae Latinitatis. K. Tr. ALIL Ir. Cath Riiis R. Acallamh na Senórach.' In Cath Catharda. Aisl. Dictionary of the Gaelic Language. 1912. (With Roman numeral) Beitráge zur Kunde der idg.U. Acall. iv. Cóir An. herausgegben von Bezzenberger u. 1911. Anecdotafrom Cormac's Zeitschrift Irish Manuscripts. 1868. Prellwitz. C. Mn.. ed. ed. 1906. Arms. ii. Meyer. Arch. Dineen. ed.AUTHORITIES REFERRED TO OR QUOTED. London. vol. Meyer. Celtische Lexikographie. Anec. Irish Texts Society. Dublin. ed. Texte 1892. . K. Irische Texte vol. Stokes. Armstrong. vi. Dublin. i. Archivio Glottologico italiano.

Keat. A. vol. Lec. R. Lor. Martyrology of Gorman. Ed. Meyer. Dinds. Hibernica Minora. Names of Herbs. ed. London. Goid? Gor. Ir. Texts Society. Ancient Laws of Ireland. London. edd. John MacNeill. K. Hy. ed. vols. Dublin. O'Donovan.S. ed. Hist. T.. Gaelic Hog. 1848. Four Masters. Leipzig. xv. 1870. 1895. Herne Bay. 18. LL. Library of Trinity CoUege. The Irish Hymns in TP. Stokes. Ir. p. 1902. Gaelic the Language. Meyer. Facsimile of the Book of Leinster.. Dublin. Stolces. 3. H. The Annals Dubhn. K. ed. Gr. Irish Windisch and Stokes.. Stokes. Stokes' Irish Glosses. K. Dublin. or Ir. 1890. Dublin. Lives of Saints from the Oxford. Hail Brigit. MacNeill. ed. Lat. London. Ogham Inscriptions. Dublin. id. 18. Leipsig. 1872. ed. Dublin. Plants. A MS. K. Glossary to Celtische ed. LU. FM. Maro. vi. Dublin. The Lorica of Gildas. Oxford. Henry Bradshaw of the Society.. ed. Fianaigecht. A MS. Grammatici Latini. 1901. and Trees. ed. 4. Keil. Metr. Studies in Irish Epigraphy. Macdonald. 1909. i. The Highland Society's Dictionary of i. Atkinson. K. Min. Ir. Hib. Dublin. Macalister. glosses. ed. Hogan. 136. Stokes. Prose and Verse. Fel} FeUFian. Gild. 1880. Maro Grammaticus. ii. Goidelica. Dictionary of the Gaelic Language. Dublin. HSD. Lavvs.. 1. Dublin. . HB. vol. Facsimile of the Leabhar na hUidhre. viii. in the in the Library of Trinity College. Stokes. I. Notes on Irish Virgilius 1886. ed. Félire Oengusso. Irish Metrics.. Dublin. 1880.T. H. 1860. 185 Old and Early Middle-Irish Glosses. 1894. 1893. Meyer. 1910. T. i. Book of Lismore. Archiv fiir Lexiko- Lism. The Journal of the School of Irish Learning.-v. 191 2. iv. Irish Texts Society. ed. London. The Edinburgh Dindsenchas. ed.. Huemer. Irische Texte.-viii. The Lecan graphie. London. ix. 1 897-1907.. Ériu.. Ep. ed. Meyer.xví AUTHORITIES REFERRED TO OR OUOTED Ed. i. ed. 1909. 1905. ed. Dublin. S.

Vit. Manners and Customs Celtique. (St Gall). Dublin. 0'Clery's Irish Glossary. The Milan glosses on the Psalms. Oxon.AUTHORITIES REFERRED TO OR OUOTED M'B. der Wissenschaften. . Passions and Homilies from the Leabíar Breac. Lect. 1872. Etymologiarum 1910. ed. Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland. Origg. O'Donovan's graphie. Meyer. O'D. SPA. ed. 1910. O'Dav. Archiv 3. On. Petrie R. 191 Pedersen's Vergleichende Grammatilc der Reltischen Sprachen. Romae. vol. Originum Ped. Oxford.. ed. O'C.. O'Donovan's supplement to 0'Reilly's Dictionary. O'Donovan. T. Cath Muige Rath. 1913. SR. Crit. xx. 1887.-v. Libri. Onn. 1832. preuss. Celtische Lexiko- 0'Molloy Gr. 1842. ed. Stokes' Criticism on of the ancient Dr Atkinson's glossary to Ireland. Oxford. Matt. O'R. ed. MS. Atliinson. i. Grammatica Latino-Hibernica. Onom. Gl. Beitráge. 0'Curry's Lectures on the MS.^ Songs of Summer Winter. fiir Celtische Lexilíographie. Bezzenberger. PH. Isidori ed. d .. Pl.. Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae. Laws of London. iv. RC. Peter O'Connel's P. MS. TP. xvii Etymological Dictionarv of the Gaelic Language. Celt. Archiv i. Sil. O'C. MacBain. O'Mulc. The Metrical Dindsenchas. Metr. Standish 0'Grady. Sitsungsberichte Academie der Salt^ir na Rann. Hispalensis Episcopi sive 1. London. 1903. Lindsay. Dublin. Glosses on Priscian ii. Dublin. Góttingen. Sanct. Dinds. vol. Gr. Materials. of the Irish Language. 0'Reilly's Irish-English Dictionary. Paris. i. Sí. A Grammar ii. v. Gad. Dictionary. Dublin. Petrie. 0'Mulconry's glossary. MR. Silva Gadelica. ^cn. ed. 1883. 4. xix. ed. Revue O'D. O'Brien's Irish-English Dictionary. Hogan. 1845. 1903.. Gwynn. Dublin. Metrical glosses. Thesaurus Palaeo- hibernicus. Dublin. Three Irish Medical Glossaries. fiir O'Davoren's glossary. London. Ml. Stokes.. Med. Plummer. ed. 1873. Sg. 1892. 0'Curry's Lectures on the the Ancient Irish. Lexilcographie. K. Metr. Archiv fiir 1677. ed. Gr. Onomasticon Goedelicum. O'Br. 1845. kon. Revue Celtique. of O'Cl. ed.

The Tripartite Life of Patrick. Triads. Calcutta. Otherwise the reading of the MSS. Dublin. 1882. ed. Archiv fiir Celtische Lexikographie. ed. Gl. Trip. ed. iii. i. by Keating. Stowe glosses. v. vol. John Strachan. The Deponent Verb Old in John Strachan ed. Irische Texte. John Strachan. Three Med. 1909. Where this is impracticable footnotes are added. Gl. Atkinson. 1890. Tbc.T. Stowe Str.xvíii AUTHORITIES REFERRED TO OR QUOTED ST. Stokes. ed. Zeuss's i. . Irische Texte. London. TSh. Meyer^ Dublin. Rudolf Thurneysen. ed. Archiv fiir Windisch. editio altera. Togail Troi. Suppl. Gl. London. Táin Bó Cuailnge. MS. Supplement. about which there in italics. 1910. The Wiirtzburg vol. Dublin. Grammatica Celtica. P. = CZ. Trip. C. ed. Stokes and Strachan. K. Windisch's Worterbuch. glosses. 1901. Dep. TP. Celtische Lexilcographie. Stokes. 1908. TP. ed. is unchanged. 1906. Stories from the Táin. Wb. Stokes. Interlinear additions to the texts are in round brackets. ZCP. are extended brackíts. The Triads of Ireland. Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus. ed.^ Three Shafts of Death. The glosses from the Tripartite Life. Arch. in the Transactions of the London Philological Society. Irish. Wi. Heidelberg. Gl. iii. Thur. Togail Troi. Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus. Str. ed. 3. i. Cambridge. Irische Texte ii. Irish Paradigms and Glosses. enclosed contractíons. additions by the Editor square Errors or peculiarities in the text are in some cases silently corrected in the translation. Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus. edd. Halle. Handbuch des Alt-Irischen. 1909. Stokes. in may be doubt. T. 1887.

but if treats chiefly of the Ogham it alphabet and treats also of the Trefhocul be íncluded. gave judgments in verse. who. making their own special the right to quarter themselves ]aws. biography. They claimed and used and fixed their retinue upon society (2221). at its According to their this tradition for their request. The and literary poets were a secret society with a language peculiar to intelligible themselves only.V^'^'j^ íWi^^ mA'^up^ 'Ztf )c^// 0^1^ ^ '^13 INTRODUCTION The Handbook time. being forbidden in the Trefhocul and though the poets have been abolished by law for over a century. The poets. antiquities. The poet-jurist. The exercise of this potent weapon was moderated by rule (1935). is not without its . and law. . dheanamh aoir air. sum for their In general this was cheerfully paid the means for enforcing unwilling payment was satire. and they exacted a poetic compositions. fili. romance. here edited for the first a \vork that opens is up many questions. seated. to satirise one. poetry in the strict sense. grammar.8. terrors. .yf//^. is of the Learned.and exercisingdiscipline upon their own members(2i93). Feníus. certain forms of satire. devised language them (195). were a guild. even at this day in certain districts the phrase. Eces often equivalent to FilidecJit covered the whole field of poetry. and obscurity was essential (21). history. geography. The Auraicept grammar. is probably referred to at lines 407. such as tamall n-aire (1932).

but they practised a large number of metres in which were required to become proficient. Name. The bards. and his Retinue (2219-2254). a 590 (1472). The foUowing tables {cf. and Compositions. and more or less untrained. on the other hand.. they were sufifered to continue. Kank. restrictions.XX INTRODUCTION people often rose up against the poets and attempted their a. occupied in their studies. . The to at repudiate claims. One such rising was that Drumketta. fili. fit undergoing a rigorous training to them for their position.d. to the About that time they but under numbered himself 15. will show what place the Auraicept \. Owing advocacy of St Columba.\vQ filid ^\?>o i. his Rewards Rank. The Fili. 430). the later scheme in Joyce's.000. with the therefor. SociaL Hist. The filid were a strictly professional class. were unprofessional.

lo II .INTRODUCTION The Yearly Each year included the Studies of the studies of all XXI Fili. preceding years. foclóc macfuirmid doss 4 9.

165. If it Some of them are by name. Pompeius. 32. v. 32: is soigti Aur. V. 18 v.d. and Consentius. it way of learned illustra- is answered that follows in any case the general setting the didactic style of the matter closely of the grammarians. 20. the accent. 210. v. v. 350). prepositions governing dative and accusative cases. 15. 228. ^o^- 2 J ut sciam. 29 "j . Aur. 15. as the foUowing examples. or as emphasised by féin = niet {726). consonant and vovvel changes. no treatment of pronouns except as tokens gender (aurlonn. Ouaesitum est. 537.d. and a few other incidental almost equally significant. Gr. gender and declension of nouns. ut scias. genus and points. xvi. 541. v. V. 277. no declension of of adjectives which are tacitly included with the substantives. ' 9. ima 1019. Priscian Donatus (a. 16. 195.xxii INTRODUCTION brief study of the Auraicept is A one sufficient to convince that the leading extraneous source cited is the Latin Grammarians. 57. is fisid debemus. scire debes. v. and . classification and syllables. v. 585). 180. (a. artificial and natural. sounds early chapters — the alphabet. \ ^ a conagar. Aur. 1577. occurring will passijii. species. 173. 16. 30. 10. show : Quaestio est. Aur. 142. comparison of adjectives. 121. 3508. cest. 10. 38 De qua quaeritur. 450). 27. sciendum 3523scire est. ut sciamus. 18 : co fesear. be urged that the quotations from these authors are a late addition to the Auraicept by tion. 18 ^ Quaentur. r. 19. The is omissions are There no classification of declensions. The matter vvith itself of the Auraicept is largely identical that treated of by the Latin Grammarians in their of letters. . Origg. Lat.

BB. is The text. The question as to what is text and what is commentary will require further here followed. though not necessarily so old as the principal text on which the is com- written. between Latin and Gaelic of the verb is is failed at this point. amal asbert i curp in libuir (173. The composition latter consists of Text and Commentary. intan roraidh (421). was in a process of continuous growth. while there a correspondence in meaning between the two languages.ÍNTRODUCTION the whole accidence of the verb is xxiii wanting. . and that the commentary itself occasionally points to the text by the use study for a satisfactory solution. but it that much of the primary material is of such expressions as Cid ara tuc-somh {gj). 385). but the basis. 653). but which is itself made the subject of commentary. printed in leaded type. is The use oí conagar generally to introduce is commentary subjected to even though the passage so introduced itself . curtails the text. The language is Middle Irish. The Book of Lecan and T. the forming the great bulk of the work. The similarity The paradigm tentative and native (304. Another but a rather uncertain criterion is this.. may be here remarked embodied in the tract in the ordÍnary hand of the commentary so as to be indistinguishable from the commentary at sight. 484. Cid ara n-ebairt (378. mentary is in a sense primary material. which has been much worked over. is An endeavour made to show that. A passage which does not occur by way of commentary on any previous quotation. make a much larger delineation of text. 512. written in a large hand in most MSS. all belongs to the Old Irish period. ata acht lem (2973). 241) where corp in libuir always means the text of the book under comment. The text is the oldest portion the commentary. Gaelic is the more comprehensive (1081). in parts as old as the text.

The nasal infection may have produced (ng + g) and not ng simply (255). and denotes eclipsis. The tract before At the time the tract was written the combinations mb. not Gamma also. of the commentary is based on It explicitly recognises three genders in it substantives and pronouns. 1072 on 1068. Graeco significat xvi. 4. Nemruad). nd. Nembroth. siubhal. the evidence ís not so clear. if such assimilations had taken place. in distinction uniformly or often observed later tract Middle between Irish. In aií'díbdad {1264) s. The etymological gloss\vork belongs to this last stage. means the silencing of the consonants. — and is. comment. had evidently not yet become assimilated (but cf. after preposition importing rest. The language even Old Irish usage.. 61). f and In later usage this term becomes airdibad. N Latinum adiuncto semiunciam. considered along with curiously suggestive of NF. 1637 on 15 15). For. regard to the context.g. . uingi {4. a of declension. Gr. though a much a draws a distinction comJinaidJie acc. after a preposition importing motion. distinguishes prepositions clearly and accusative after (1651.xxiv INTRODUCTION In a word. The scheme between dative 1770). and is incorporated without any to explain the original text. urdubad (uirdhiughadh. 0'Molloy. and dat. us takes no account of eclípsis. obnubilatio. there is a primary commentary used and a secondary commentary developing the content of the primary commentary {e. On the other hand the combination is an Ogham letter (442) — but even vowels of diphthongs were pronounced separately (1430) the example.^26). 27. an account would have been given of the phenomenon under such questions as " What tvvo consonants have the force of one consonant " ? (1375)- As regards ng initial. — Origg.

4828.p. inna iiii.INTRODUCTÍON {Eriu. oc nach ailiu 1044. a mberla sain 1044. but ainm n.f. aipgitri-sea 11 32. gan araill 3105.s. 'nas i n-aill 1272. For art. o-stems n. ind anmanda n. ceitheora 4708. 2. NUMERALS TiiE Verb: : teora. araile 1 149. condelc. lo-stejHs n. i 7 araill 3410. .p. may be merely a grammatical recrudescence. in incoisc 641. A 1. in muite 447. ^-S- ds. . arnid 693. few sporadic examples of Old Irish are here added : TriE Article. copula verb.p. 3747. 4579 no da fhir-inaill 338. 3.s. which follows the introduction in both versions. 73). C. As to the native elements.p. n. nadat 4588. ailsius 5319. has art n. of the extant one concludes that This view is this must be the is actual introduction (1-62).n. cf. adrodamas 135. work of a commentator of Cenn Faelad first also by the particle sentence quoted from Cenn Faelad. of the section (63-78) which . v.m. B. xxv 17. crand A . n-stein gach reim n-olc 2177.. § y2.m. we are told that Cenn Faelad — in English Kinealy is — wrote the Prologue (80). quain n-aill : 4593. NOUN Stems. 4. ar araiU 5613 n. As this preface not likely to have been omitted by the compilers tract. fria araill 3106. etargoire n-inchoisc 647.n. or an imitation of Latin. 872. viii. hovvever. confirmed by the the displacement in version tra in the ii. in taebomna tuissecha 918 in tri focail 2018. This last. developed from projected n.

: xxvi INTRODUCTION There are four authors of the Auraicept proper. The excerpts from the Book of Fenius (1102) deal with The alphabets of Hebrew. hence probably the ascription to Fenius who was learned in those languages (160). Latin and (445). of earher date tract. of which the Ogham tract is perhaps an expansion. and language than the general run of the it is In substance an alternative prologue. and Fenius. Degrees of comparison in Latin. Greek. Ferchertne. and Gaedel mac Ethiuir (1102). The five kinds of Irish (1302). What is alt? (1577). Besides those four ancient books cited. and Latin (1129). two others are mentioned. The excerpts from the Book of Cenn Faelad deal with : The origin of GaeHc (loo). the Book of Cenn Book of Ferchertne (735). There is : a long excerpt from the Book of Amergen This passage is dealing with the origin of Goedelg (1034). and The formation and powers of Ogham letters (943). Cenn Faelad. The excerpts from the Book of Ferchertne deal with : The seven elements of speech in Irish (739). Amergen. the Dúile Feda (5416). Divisions of the Latin alphabet (312). and quahtative and quantitative distinctions in Irish (639). Consonant changes (1264). and of the Irish alphabet (392). and contemporary with the Exodus (i 104). the of the text of the Auraicept is noted (1636). Irish treatment of semivowels contrasted Genders in Irish (520). The twenty-five inflections (15 15). lair mac Nema. the Book of Amergen Book of Fenius. The end Faelad. the (1028). . Verse feet or syllabic content of Irish words (12 13).

to wit. the Book as it Cenn Faelad all " {66) may is be meant that author it co-ordinated the ancient material. His pedigree His poems. 679. Amergen. A. along with the greater part of Scripture (2638). this an indication that the passage probably text. but possibly other passages from them are embodied normal hand. The quotations from the first four books are set forth as usual in large hand . Cenn Faelad rewrote or copied it. This view upheld by another commentator says that Ferchertne composed the Auraicept but it. Possibly he got a good " education in youth. is commentary in the For wherever a passage in the commentary in the afterwards explained in detail with the is usual artificial etymologies. 4385) possibly an early form of the tract on Metrics. are quoted largely in the annals. found in the geneaIogy of the Cenél nEogain. He is a well authenticated person.d. the Northern Ui Néill. A commentator (1019-1027) takes the view that the work of these authors were successive steps leading up to the grand consummation.ÍNTRODUCTION xxvii and the Cin Ollauian (1204. The curious tradition about his " brain of forgetfulness " {'j'j) had no doubt a foundation in fact. and Fenius. There seems no reason " to question the ascription of the Book of Cenn Faelad " to the author of that name. is He died a. He certainly fought battle of Moira 6^. but of unknown authorship. probably genuine. but developed a brain of forgetfulness " by turning from learning in the to soldiering. where he was wounded.D. the same cannot be said of the Books of The quotations may be from writings approximately of the time of Cenn Faelad. the statement also of a commentator that " By first what this is according to book order was invented of last. the Trefhocul. . and presented now who stands. is belonged originally to the ancient While the ascription of the Book of Cenn Faelad Ferchertne. dealing to a large extent with the wars of his kinsfolk.

1876 puts the question with great force " Das sind die ' Elemente der Kasus. vvhich 62) which came down Writing to A. durch diesen . author therefore the battle of extends over the forty-two Moira and rank his death. still But he (79). nations were sunk in ignorance. he laid the foundation of that reputation which as " Cenn Faelad. He may vii. " poetry. and therefore that Auraicept century. 609. Dungal in Pavia.). the Irisb enjoyed the light of learning? Zimmer (SPA.: xxviií INTRODUCTION civil life Returning again to and his early pursuits. we assume Cenn the Faelad to be really the author. angdair na tiGaideal who wrote on the subject of Irish grammar. Columbanus refers to antiqui philosopJii Hiberniae as experts in chrono- Thus is that earlier than the seventh century a state of learning existed which was held in esteem by the writers of that century proved. works as the beginning Irish Chronicon Eusebii (Eriu.D. words. and quotations from him must take among thc oldest dated specimens of the language. was begun about the middle of the did it seventh how happen that while the other Western 1910. Moengal Hofschule Karls in St Gallen. p. 1859. Lecí. graphy. Dec. in 603. refers to older Irish writers. Sedulius in Liittich irischen yf/z und Metz. and reading" (78). though the direct products of that If earHer learning are no longer extant.und Numeruslehre. and of have the lost portion at the may well contained the story of Fenius. 1049) quoting the passage in Aur.' des iiber viele lahre sich erstreckenden wie man sie als Teil Studiums der (Grammatiker. or of Irish refer to such origins. Antiquare und professionsmássiger Dichter) in den nationalen Schulen Irlands traktierte. als Klemens der Ire an der Hofschule Karls des Grossen jungen Franken das abc beibrachte.. S. the Learned His period as an years between " he still €njoys (O'C. Johannes Scottus an der des Kahlen átig waren . als Dicuil in St Denis. Metriker.

Et ab his depopulatio totius imperii exordium sumpsit. Zímmer with great learning. Three centuries the later we have this testimony respecting Natio Scottorum quibus consuetudo peregrinandi jam paene in naturam conversa est. paene totam littora nostra memorem. and . contempto pelagi discum grege philosophorum ad ! migrantem — (SPA. Gotis et Alanis peracta est. Hebráisch. this We may assume that the migration had already continued for a time before account was written.INTRODUCTION Unterricht ist xxix (gest. and fixes approximately the date of the depopulation of the empire and the rush of learned men into Ireland.. videlicet in Hibernia." The high learned tide of learning at a very early period in ancient Ireland was beyond a doubt caused by the influx of men from this the Continent. of view. qui ex nephario concubitu progeniti sunt. Altnordisch. The intercourse between Ireland and the continent was certainly kept up. The first part of this statement relating to the Huns is taken from Jordanis. scilicet demonum. 908). quocunque se receperunt maximum profectum sapientiae incolis iliarum regionum adhibuerunt. p. Cormac mac Cuilennáin gegangen der nebenbei ganz austándige Kenntnis im Latein. invaserunt Cothos quos nimium terruerunt ex improviso monstro quod in illis erat. postquam praeheunte caterva viam invenerunt per Meotides paludes. Griechisch. who wrote about A. sub quorum vastatione et omnes sapientes cismarini fugam ceperunt.D. Quid Hiberniam crimine. : In his researches Zimmer came upon passage Huni. 1080). Angelsachsisch und Kymrisch besass. et in transmarinis. 550. breadth 1910. quae ab Unis et Guandelis.

. The exodus from Gaul the to Ireland (a. Aquitania and the modern Baskish territory suffered Hke other parts. According to this chronology. a history at once Stated briefly his hypotheses amount to this. recognition. Ferchertne — the and seven elements of speech in Again the matter treated of by Irish. can be shown this Auraicept lends no support fili to iii. whatever reckoning be adopted.d. fatuus hojnunculus who was (a. Zimmer's main contention that Maro was Ferchertne fili cannot succeed. so called by but his fellow-countryman the deacon Ennodius called himself 473-521) who Virgilius Maro.described as a contemporary of Conchobar mac Nessa (736). and a place among the native poets. lived somewhere about the second century {cf. also that. and the formation powers of Ogham is letters — does in is not correspond to anything in Maro's pages. in the tract This Ferchertne (CZ. He found an asylum with a native prince as was the fashion for learned men in those days. who. therefore. Among the' refugees from that region was \\\q. the identification of Ferchertne fili and Maro would place the before his latter at least a couple of centuries known fili fioruit. The Auraicept bears abundant evidence of the influence of two Latin authors.XXX INTRODUCTION facts mastery of detail builds upon these picturesque and surprising. Several centuries lay between the inception of the Auraicept and its close. being in fact none other than Ferchertne Jili. Isidore and Maro. 484). and Ireland vvas then the onIy haven of orthodoxy.u. and taught grammar. gained for himself fame. A. Maro's influence confined entirely to the later. 419-507) was caused by Homoousian persecution. If it be proved the while Isidore's influence felt chiefly earlier part of the Auraicept. settled. 13) is. nay more. proposed identification.d. The It latter Zimmer laboured to identify with Ferchertne that the fili. Graniniaticus.

a usage that not found earlier than the tenth century. that At least Cenn Faelad and Isidore drew matter from a common .. Ua Coirill mentioned above professor of law and history. is exceedingly rest But the argument does not entirely on general considerations. 6^6. who died in A. may have been the A. towards is when Maro's influence still in evidence. or perhaps the tenth.INTRODUCTION but none on its xxxi Maro's tract had a profound influence on the Auraicept. According to internal evidence ascribed to Cenn Faelad wrote the superior limit. ISIDORE 0Y Seville. His Etymologiae or Origines vast twenty books contain a a sort that amount of information of such one finds it impossible to resist the conclusion that the compilers of the Auraicept had this document before them. Isidore and Maro. who died Hence the Auraicept was not completed before till the middle of the tenth century. 1083. Ua Bruic. I.u.u. Ua Coindi^ Ua and Ua Finn named by their surnames (each being the acknowis ledged head of his family). perhaps not the end of the eleventh. and determined generally is by two facts — (i) that the Auraicept in found in two families of MSS. A. the variations which postulate many generations of scribes. 953. name. early stages.D. one of the earliest instances being that of Ua Ruairc. The second They are text (3382) quotes native Coirill grammarians bv (3391). him about the That is the the The inferior Hmit is Hes in eleventh centurv. Let us now look at some excerpts from the works of the two Latin authors. and (2) the immense development it which has taken place complicated and in the tract itself as has advanced from crude statements to a prosody which difficult. part middle or second half of the seventh century.

at least as were not unfamiliar to Horrent et an author : male tecti cum latratoribus linguis Scotti. xix. Some references demonstrate that the Irish and Ireland Isidore. but no more does that of of Luccreth whom he probably made extracts. Cujus Haec ab Africo in Boream porrigitur. 215-227) was certainly taken. unde et Hibernia dicta Scotia autem. et Hibernia proximae Brittianiae insula. xiv. sed situ fecundior. Scotia idem spatio 23. terrarum angustior. for the facts (or alleged facts) and the phraseology are the same. and his studies with such success that popularly supposed to forget nothing (so one if may interpret the was a constant we remember further that there coming and going of learned men. does not occur in True. There being no a difficulty as to date or the omission of name. and a steady exchange of books between the continent and Ireland. full weight may to be allowed to any other conthe siderations tending connect two authors. partes priores Hiberiam et Cantabricum Oceanum intendunt. 6. 51). from whose poem the passage about the seventy-two races Eusebius from (Aur. The show following quotations from many books of the Origines how much the Auraicept was indebted to that source both in general structure and in detail. appellata. the name of Isidore the Auraicept. nor that Mocu Chiara {^lteste irische Dichtung. quod ab Scotorum gentibus colitur. Origg. 6.— xxxii source is INTRODUCTION a certainty. : Origg. p. 6. and that Cenn Faelad began he was and pursued words). If we keep in mind that Isidore died the year before the after that event battle of Moira. there is no inherent improbability in the supposition that Cenn Faelad assimilated some of his material from the Origines published perhaps some tvventy years before. .

Namque omnium . VVhat are the names of the seventy-two races from which the many languages were Geiites leariit? (215. Achaia (25i)w^as pro- bably the original reading . 126) must not be over- looked. 735. 44. The Ubi cradle of letters was in Achaia. Herodotus. II. Pherecydes.— : — INTRODUCTION Time. Authority. or by projection art. Inachis regis filia. 4. Dares Fhrygius. of d from Dacia. triginta et una de Cham. or by early French pronunciation. fuit Athenae — Origg. 1029). 84. efflagitat.). civitas. quantum conjicio. perhaps two. but the possibility that Achaia lay in Maeotidis Paludihns (CZ. in elocutionibus illud uti oportebit. xiv. unless the BibHcal Accad was introduced from some other source. Glossae Juvenalis (Sall. define the general plan xxxiii 63. quindecim sunt de Japhet. 26'^): autem a quibus divisa est terra. persona audientis — Origg. Eusebius et Hieronymus ex annalibus tt historia constant. x. place. Asia. are whom. Sallustius ex historia. written ugdaracJit (131). tempus. i.v. 42 . quae de Graecia veniens Aegyptios litteras docuit. and treatment of a subject. — Origg. I. and cause of writing (Aur. ii. viii. viginti et c . íntroduction to any serious and are usually found work in Irish. ut res. Fragmentd). Isis regina Aegyptiorum. i6. ferocissumi ad hoc tempus Achaei atque Tauri sunt. Apud Eotenam Fuit autem (uel Athena) civitatem. authority. in the lam vero locus. quod. only mentioned by name Vnde Moyses. Origg.. Livius. person. 214. however. — Aur. These sentences show that. 10. includes the following authors of Moses and Hieronymus (q. 4. locorum egestate rapto vivere coacti.

vel toti- declarat. ix. liberalibus disciplinis. fuit. i. The importance Illa of Hebrew is insisted on : lingua quae ante diluvium omnium una Hebraea nuncupatur. ut ratio fiunt septuaginta tres. ix. Origg. not being one of the three sacred which was written the superscription on the cross Linguarum illius in diversitas exorta est in aedificatione turris post diluvium. 2. Occasionally individual words are closely defined : Materia inde dicitur omne lignum quod ex ea aliquid Fid. I. . Graeca. 2. in ix. — Origg. Grammatica i.xxxiv INTRODUCTION septem de Sem. xix. His enim tribus linguis super crucem Domini a Pilato fuitcausa eius scripta. efficiatur. i. una Nam priusquam superbia turris diversos signorum Initio sonoshumanam lingua divideret fuit. Aur. quae — The Hebrew language was remain after doomsday (190). 2. societatem. deinde plures gentes. xii. i. 51. 639. — later the use of adbar. . — Origg. cf. 4. 19. following passage explains why Gaelic was deemed a worldly speech (46). 739. 1-3. Latina autem linguae sacrae : quae toto orbe maxime excellunt. linguae fuerunt. quae potius. The tongues (165). etc. Origg. autem quot gentes. dia- lectica. 13. septuaginta duae demque linguae. quae per terras esse coeperunt^ quaequecrescendo provincias et insulas impleverunt. De septem In definition a bias existed towards the heptad or the octave. Tres sunt Hebraea. Aur. Aur. — Origg. omnium nationum quae tot Hebraea vocatur. — Origg. in the world first and it will Item quaeritur qua linguain futurum homines loquantur. 943. 2.

dinin disail for gair gabhaidh (1546). Inde in mare ex multitudine fluminum dulcius quam cetera. Non est maius nisi ad minus referatur. Sallust. Aur. Octo autem modis conparatio analogiae colligitur id est qualitate. 676. numero. Orígg. xxxv — arnin arding [d]éd. . Ponticus sinus paludibus quod amplissimus a tergo Maeotidis — . 639. 31. — 14. dulci aqua xii. five words to each breath (930). 39. Aur. — Origg. illud. Origg. 4. : casu. might almost be defined by the words Huic adhaeret rythmus. i. Servius. forsail for fot fedair.: : — . 5 parvum. sit . xiii. — Origg. 730. 16. ii. — quam ut uno Grammatical questions as to gender and comparison of adjectives find a like expression in Latin and Gaelic Neutrum dictum quia nec hoc nec masculinum nec femininum. — Aur. 28. . 2. et simili- tudine temporum. 3. 614. 56 sive salsae sint sive dulces. 4. extending up to and running into the eighth century. ipsud parvum ad Origg. qui non est certo fine moderatus. i. extremitatibus similium syllabarum. A verse of dithyramb or metrical rhythm is to be measured by a breath of the poet. Periodos autem longior esse non debet spiritu proferatur. sed tamen rationabiliter ordinatis pedibus currit qui Latine nihil aliud quam numerus dicitur. id 7. est nec . í. figura.g. conparatione. xiii. and Ox'xg'g. ii. ita ut Sic et parvum opponitur magno cui opponitur. I . magnum. 28 Aur. quoted by Priscian Macrobius. genere. INTRODUCTION The early Irish rhythmical alliterative poetry. 6. i . 18. e.

:

:

xxxvi
Artificial

INTRODUCTION
etymologies carry their influence into the Gaelic
derived from vires^ mulier from inollities^fémina

text; vír

is

from femur
Vir nuncupatus, quia maior in eo vis est quam in feminis. Origg. xi. 2, 17; Aur. 605. Mulier vero a mollitie, tanquam mollier, detracta littera Origg. xi. 2, 18 vel mutata, appellata est mulier. cf. femina de flescda no maithchnechas, Aur. 010.

;

Femora

dicta sunt,

discrepet.

genua.
partes

quod ea parte a femina sexus viri Sunt autem ab inguinibus usque ad Femina autem per derivationem femorum
in

sunt, quibus

equitando tergis equorum

adhaeremus.

— Origg.

xi, i, 106.

Femina vero

a partibus

femorum

dicta ubi sexus species

a viro distinguitur.

— Origg.

xi. 2,

24

;

Aur. 608.

Consonants, semi-vowels, and mutes are treated similarly
in the Gaelic

and the Latin texts
se

Et vocatae consonantes quia per
iunctis

non sonant sed

Haec in duabus consonant. partibus dividuntur: in semivocalibus et in mutis. Semivocales dictas eo, quod quiddam semis de
vocalibus
vocalibus habeant.

Mutae autem dictae quia nequaquam erumpunt.
358
í'/

nisi

subiectis sibi vocalibus
i.

— Origg.
468
illa

4,

3,

4

;

cf.

Aur.

seq. ;

Z'oJ et seq. ;

et seq.

Vnde

et legitimae

nominantur

ratione, scilicet vel
in

quod ab

E

vocali incipiunt et

mutum sonum

desinunt, ut sunt consonantes, vel quod a suo sono incipiunt et in vocalem E desinunt ut sUnt mutae.

Origg.

i.

4,

10

;

Aur. 488.
:

The

active

and the passive of verbs
i

Etargaire persainni

ngnim

(651)

;

i

cessadh (653).
est.

In persona verbi agentis et patientis significatio
Origg.
i.

9,

I.

:

:

INTRODUCTION
The
above
Orighies contain

xxxvii

wel]-known quotations (and the

may

be of this sort)

Litterae

autem

dictae

quasi

legiterae,

quod

iter

legentibus praestent, vel quod in legendo iterentur. Origg. i. 3, 3 Aur. 360.


Some

;

quotations are hard to find elsewhere

Nam unum
iii.

semen numeri
;

esse,

non numerum.

— Origg.

3,

I

Aur. 688.
is

It is

not time that

divided but our actions (93).
nisi

Nam

tempus per se non intellegitur, humanos. Origg. v. 31, 9.

per actus

These references

I

have not found.

— Aur. 464, 517, 728.

The
the

foregoing quotations are
to

found in the portion of

They occur not only in commentary but often in the structure of the

Auraicept attributed

Cenn Faelad.

Hence the conclusion that Cenn Faelad had him the Origines or a document based thereon, and closely resembling it, is amply justified.
composition.
before

The use
latter

of the Origines

is

continued in the Gaelic text,

after the portion attributed to

part

of the book occur also

Cenn Faelad ends. In the some few suggestions

of

Ogham.

What

is

known

as nihilus, Aur. 970,

8, is

thus explained

:

V

quoque

littera proinde interdum nihil est, quia nec vocalis nec consonans est, ut quis. Vocalis enim non est quia I sequitur consonans non est quia Q praecedit. Ideoque quando nec vocalis, nec consonans est, sine dubio nihil est.

alicubi

;

Origg.

i.

4, 8.

A

quotation

common
nomen
i.

in the

grammarians
cognitio

is

:

Nisi

enim
Origg.

scieris,

rerum

perit.

7,

I

;

Aur. 1099.

:

: :

:


;

xxxviii

INTRODUCTION
me
elsewhere

A

quotation not seen by

Lapis autem dictus quod laedat pedem. Aur. 3396. 3, I
;

— Origg.

xvi.

OccasionaIly the Latin helps to decide the reading of the
Gaelic text
Incorporalia, quia carent corpus
;

unde nec

videri nec
i.

tangi possunt, ut veritas, iusticia.
cf.

— Origg.

7,

4

Aur. 3238.
is

Occasionally the Gaelic

a running

commentary on the

Latin
Perspicuae voces sunt quae longius protrahuntur ita ut omnem inpleant continuo locum, sicut clangor tubarum (stocaireacht no cornaireacht, Aur. 1477). Subtiles voces (cronan no certan bec, 1474) sunt,

quibus non est spiritus, qualis est infantium vel mulierum vel aegrotantium, sicut in nervis (intan is cruit, 1484). Quae enim subtilissimae cordae sunt, subtiles ac tenues sonos emittunt (intan as bindi is tuiu / is isliu ata na a n-aill, 1484). Pingues sunt voces, quando spiritus multus simul egreditur, sicut virorum (mod -i- mo od -i- od ceol intan is mascul 1470). Acuta vox tenuis, alta, sicut in cordis videmus (traethait na ciulu isli na ciuil arda Dura vox est, quae violenter emittit sonos 1477). sicut tonitruum, sicut incudis sonos, quotiens in durum malleus percuititur ferum (intan is torand no is crand 1479, tourand no caint 4575). Caeca vox est, quae, mox emissa fuerit, conticescit, atque
suffocata

nequaquam
20, 10-13.

longius
is

producitur, sicut est

in fictilibus (tae a

ed intan

fod 1479, fouta 4578).

Origg.

iii.

Occasionally the Latin determines the interpretation of
the Gaelic, the latter being an almost literal translation of

the former
Superflui sunt,

quorum

partes simul ductae plenitudinem

excedunt, ut puta duodenarius.

Habet enim partes

INTRODUCTION
duodecimam, quod est quinque quartam, quod tria quod duo quattuor dimidiam, quod sex.
:

xxxix

unum
;

;

sextam,

;

tertiam,

;

Vnum

quod enim et
.
.

duo,

xvi faciunt et

quattuor, et sex simul ducta longe a duodenario excedunt. Perfectus numerus est, qui suis partibus adinpletur, habet enim tres partes, sextam, ut senarius
et
tria,

et

.

;

tertiam, dimidíam

:

sexta eíus
partes in

unum

est, tertia

duo,

dimidia
est

tres.

Haec
duo

summam
iii.

ductae, id
9-1 1;

unum

et

et tria simul

eundem consummant
5,

perficiuntque senarium.

— Origg.

Aur.

1443-1453.

Occasionally the Gaelic gives merely the gist of the

Latin

:

Primum enim diem a Sole appellaverunt, qui princeps est omnium siderum, sicut et idem dies caput est cunctorum dierum. Secundum a Luna, quae Soli
et

splendore et magnitudine proxima est, et ex eo Tertium ab stella Martis quae mutuat lumen. Vesper vocatur. Quartum ab stella Mercurii, quam quidam candidum circulum dicunt. Quintum ab Sextum a stella lovis, quam Phaethontem aiunt. Veneris stella, quam Luciferum asserunt, quae inter omnia sidera plus lucis habet. Septimus ab stella Saturni, quae sexto caelo locata triginta annis fertur explere cursum suum. Origg. v. 30, 5-7;

Aur. 3531-9.
Titles of chapters or sections in the

Ongines appear as

names of Ogham

:

De homine xi. De avibus xii.

i.

7.
i, 6.

Oppida nobilia xv.

daenogam 5709. enogam 5692. dinnogam 5687.
ceallogam 5702. ogam n-eathrach 6132.
14.

De aedificiis sacris xv. 4. De navibus xix. 1,1. De instruincntis rusticis xx. De coloribus xix. 17

ogam

tírda 5724.

dathogam

5697.

xl

INTRODUCTION
Bible

names

suffer

change

in

passing into the Gaeh'c text
:

through the Latin transHteration

Nebuchadnezzar,

Nabuchodonosar,
vii.

Origg

v,

39,

18;

Nabgodon, Aur, 127. Nimrod, Nembroth, Origg.
112.

6,

22

;

Neamruad, Aur.

Noah, Noe, Origg.
Secrecy

vii. 6,

15

;

Nóe, Aur. 107.

—the avowed

purpose of

Ogham — is

outHned

in

a simple code similar to that vvhich finds expression in Aur,
6011,

Caesar quoque Augustus ad fiHum, " quoniam," incjuit, " innumerabiHa accidunt assidue quae scribi alterutro oporteat et esse secreta, habeamus inter nos notas si vis tales ut, cum aHquid notis scribendum erit,' pro unaquaque Httera scribamus sequentem hoc modo pro a h^ pro /; et deinceps eadem ratione pro pj autem redeundum erit ad duplex ceteras Origg. i. a a. "Quidam etiam versis verbis scribunt.
<:,
;

25,

2.

This reference

I

have not found

:

Aur. 3244-8, but

cf,

Maro

24, 10-24.

II.

ViRGiLius Maro, Grammaticus

The

editor,

Huemer,

in his Praefatio, p. xi., after giving

a
:

Hst of blunders

common

to

aU the
iHud

MSS.

of Maro, concludes
scotticis
t,

Atque

archetypum
et /,

Htteris

scriptum
s,

fuerit necesse est,

cum a

et u, c et

r et

s et /,

p
The

saepe permutatae videntur.
is

concHision

irresistible.

Whether the

scribe

was

himself perpetrating these blunders,

or, as his editor thinks,

merely copying them from others, the sources of Maro, as
vve

know him,
Meyer,
in

are Irish.

two Hsts (SPA

Jul}',

December

191

2),

gives.

INTRODUCTION
from Maro's
tract, a selection of forty-t\vo

xli

names, which he
:

considers to be of Celtic origin.
Aemerius p. (22). Andrianus (173). Arca rex (15).
Asp-orius
(5).

They

are as follows
(123). (162),

Lato-mius Lugenicus

Mart-ulis (92). Mitterius (114).

Assianus

(173).

Ninus

(119).

Bi-entius (137).

Breg-andus

(162).

Oss-ius (163), Perrichius (163).

Don

(15, 30).
f.

Fassica

(123).

Plastus (151). Prass-ius (61).

Gabr-itius (126).

Galb-arius (163).

Galb-ungus

(10, 122, 133)

Regulus (?) (133). Rigas f. Rigadis (122). Rithea Nini regis uxor
SagiUius

(119).

Gal-irius (146).

Germanus

(17).

Gall-ienus (129). Gelb-idius (36).

Samm-inius, Virgil's uncle Sarbon (122).
Sarr-icius (123).

(28).

Gerg-esus

(15).

Glengus
luu-anus

(122, 133).

Saur-inus

(28).

Gurg-ilius (173).
(54). (19).

Sedulus (138,

139).

Senenus
Ursinus

(138).

Lap-idus

Sulpita (24).
(90).

Lassius (107).

Further

examination

may
his

shorten

the
if

list

without

seriously disturbing

the contention that
circle

Maro had no
friends

connection with

Ireland,

of

Irish

was

unaccountably large.

Sua
in

apte (i 16,

1 1

;

81,4) has been recognised as an Irish-

Latin hybrid, su-apte, which later camc into
Irish Latin.

common

use

There

is

a

sprinkling

of the

/oei

Grammar, e.g. Maro denies
preferring latitudo,
litera

communes of Latin
from Latinus,

that
p. 5,

Latinitas

is

derived

6

:

Aur. 355.

ab ipsis etiam cerae caracteribus usque ad quassorum compossitionem hosce ordines directat,
p. 7,

10; Aur. 1756.

syllabae

monades senas

literas

transcendere non debent

ut scrobs, Maro, p. 11,7; Aur. 1229.

xlií

INTRODUCTION
Grama
est litteraturae peruidatio,

totius lectionis semitula est

quae quasi quaedam unde et a peritis litera

interpretatur legitera

quod

est legendi itinerarium.

Maro,

p. 19, II

:

Aur. 1768.
is

A

certain

resemblance

discernible

between

Maro,

24, 10-23,

and Aur. 3244, and between

Nec aperte
feminum.

— Maro,

masculinum

31, 13;

nec absolute Aur. 614.

dicitur

esse

verbum

est

88, 6,

omne quod lingua profertur and Aur. 1924.
foiwrinii.,

et voce.

— Maro,

The

device scinderatio
in

Maro

declares

(p. ^6, 7),

was resorted to
expression, and
:

order to sharpen the wits, to adorn

tertia (causa)

ne mystica quaeque, et quae solis gnaris pandi debent, passim ab infimis ac stultis facile
repperiantur.

The same
invention of

reason, here called tertia,
:

is

alleged for the

Ogham

Co mbeth

in bescna-sa ic lucht in eolais fo leth, sech

lucht na tirdachta 7 na buicnechta, Aur. 5472.

One

device consisted
letters, e.g.

groups of

in

breaking up a sentence into

RRR. SS. PP. MM. NT. EE. OO. Romanorum perit. — Maro, 12;
'j'j,

A.V.I.,
cf.

i.e.,

spes

Aur. 3501-3.

AIso, words

may

be broken up into syllables, and these
in

again

may
e.g.

be strewn about

the jingle of a so-called

sentence,
sicut


;

edidit ge. ves. ro. trum. quando. tum. om. ni. libet aeuo, which is thus explained, quandolibet vestrum gero omni aeuo affectum. Maro, 77, 6.
a.

Lucanus
fec.

Or

in single

words,

e.g.

nodo for dono, nesi for

sine,

gernien

INTRODUCTION
for

xliií

regnum.

— Maro

78, 28.

This process appears

ín Irish as

delidin sillabacda, Aur. 5312.

Ainans
into iwei,
is

may

be transformed into inanas (Maro, 79,
;

4), hei'i

into si {y^, 31)

atat into tata {jg, 10), a process

which

is

called delitin litterda, metathesis of letters, Aur. 5308.

A
into

meaningless syllable or disyllable
a
vvord,
e.g.

may

be introduced
for

naviga-be-re for

navigare, b-u-onuni

bonum (Maro,
compte (Maro,

78, iy)\ forti-osi-ter íov fortiter, compt-os-e for
p. 70, 6).
is

A

meaningless disyllable so intro-

duced into Gaelic

called condall, Aur. 5317.
is

The

unstressed syllable following an accented syllable
e.g.

sometimes dropped,
rogauisse
78, 10).
Still
;

rogassem, rogasse for rogauissem,

rogarunt, i'ogarit for rogauerunt, i'ogauerit (Maro,
is

In Gaelic poetry this

called cotut, Aur. 5287.
in the

more does the influence of Maro emerge

Trefhocul.

of the chapter

The name Trefhocul bears a resemblance to De trimodo dicendi genere, Orig.
suggested
it.

the heading
ii.

17 which

may have

Similarly the twelve items compos-

ing the Trefhocul might have been originally suggested
the duodecim latinitates of Maro,
\l.
p. 88, 22, e.g.

by

VII.

lumbrosa, hoc est perlonga, cum pro uno usitato totus uersus scribitur, with perlonga, cf. (can) rofota, Aur. 5060 and for the matter, cf. Aur. 5943 where each letter besides being written is spelt. sincolla, hoc est perbreuis, uersa uice cum totus
;

uersus usitatus in uno continetur fono.
breuis,
cf.

With

per-

cf.

(can) rogair, Aur. 5059,

and

for the matter,

VIII. belsauia,

Aur. 1326. hoc est peruersa,

cum

casus

nominum
cf.

modusque uerborum transmutat.
(can) chl(3en.
XI. spela,

With

peruersa,

— Aur. 5057, 5086.

loquitur,

hoc est humillima, quae semper res terrenas with humillima, cf a irisel, used of an appended syllable, a. Aur. 5079, 5346.

5078. . 5816. 4211- 4223. means aspiration (and apparently on finals) ut . . gabpal. These coincidences are too numerous might be regarded as of quotation. ut dictantabat. si uero mutam c uel / uel/». .) V. hoc est pietas rihph. Assena. hoc tractat. With the exception of y and z. 10. Aur. xliv INTRODUCTION XII. . This passage throws light on Aur. hoc est nobilitas mymos. to be accidental. pal. suum sonum non amittit ut Jicorda. . could find no footing. hoc est obsequium . ulio. id est principium sade. and R for Ruis 5820. Maro. quod semper inspirat. . quae una tantum littera pro toto sono contenta est. . dies nox biun. . id est. 432. .other lesser similaritíes. blaqth. hoc est hilaritas gal. longeuitas. p. hoc est recognitio . dignitas . spax. quae a de superioribus With superna. nunc ad motationem tantum. syllable. hoc est merc hoc gatrb. fann. hoc est religio clitps. 9-14. aib. Nam cum semiuocalem praecesseritT^ solum sonum pariter motabunt ut hfascon et faciunt/'pro Jif. cf. id est iustitia gno utilitas bora. hoc est fortitudo ter hoc est dualitas coniugalis rfoph. hoc est regnum fkal. hoc est ueneratio brops. hoc est notaria. Jitronus. est superna cf. hoc est pax solis est pluuia . nunc ad fortitudinem. hoc est aqua et ignis. . the explanation following hoc est. polema. Q for ceirt. irard. Perhaps more important than all is the following De Ji autem hoc dicendum est. to lay stress on which we come to the solid ground tract (Hereon Zimmer. metrofia. there Bogad clocJi. Jipalanx. . is in each case identical with that given in Aur. hoc est intellectualis. Omitting.: . an appended II. hoc est et honor lux . which may have been added from another source. not having the whole before him. . 1264-1279. 5341.—Auv. fanciful.

shows no trace of Maro's influence. proves Maro was more gr less conversant with Baskish. some of The le. P which means lenition and apparent]y on initials. r. though in the called tenth century he Tolosanus. 2981). again. eg. thus supplying the Seuiigud. en. 28). 511. a belonging to the town of Ate south of Limoges (Maro 141. so-called mutes /. x. Here the aspirating H precedes the consonant and thus Maro and the Auraicept are at one. ae aiges (408. of which Ferchertne authors. ." which Zimmer presses to merely that shovv that Maro was a is native of that district. Bigerro sermone clefabo (Maro 13) "in the speech of Bigorre. The influence of Maro's Irish grammar fili confined to the Tref hocul. pronounced aspiration.fortitudo^ ínfluenced by Ogham is usage. non-existent pure Gaelic. He was acquainted with viro athensi. the last stage of the growth of prosody. or was one of the one under whose name ancient material was incorporated. of or The frequent absence omission. The Auraicept proper. aspiration by aimser fota 1576. in the Depart- man ment of the Iberian Bastitani (p. which need only be mentioned. it aspirates. and heknewa great number of Irishmen. ne.9). conclusions to be drawn from the facts are few but very important. but on this point the examples are inconclusive (cf. belonging to the town of Carca. where in B + H = P. 266). of f and ni s. no connection is traceable between him and book on Ferchertne fili^ whose is work belongs to a much earlier period than the Trefhocul. Interesting questions arise in the text itself. — e/. It xlv has also another vciQdiXÚng. Except perhaps in the passage last quoted in which h ad fortitudinevi may be compared with b cum aspiratione pro p ponitur (432. re 'm Gaelic (490. 25). 2879).: INTRODUCTION both. He mentions a Sibylla Carginiensis. The warrantable 8. beith mo hsuidhe CZ. n. er in Latin.48.

person. hógfégad/6'r cóic (1637). resulting in important changes in Gaelic. by mood. sircumplex (4784).cinntichu son (1258)/í?r cinntechem (4368). sedhait (4737). >r fégait. sirqundimus (4125). and some in metre but obscured by glosses (253. 1871) to become technical terms. siicuitas (2531). isinn Asia (2571) for isind Achaidh (251). 1579 at 1687. co. ciallabair/í?r ceileabar (1594). its e. whereas there is no .— — xlvi INTRODUCTION confusion owing to the distance of the gloss from 15 15 is The text. some apparently without sense (806). (495). 1533-5 at 1675. Syllable. 1686). ae gmúilfor aicned suad/?r uad (495). smit = aue)/í?r smita The constant modernising of the text : ceithri gne (872). the ultimate element of everything in Gaelic case. tense. degree. The etymological reconstructions : co-fid/í?r cubaid (1512). ai ( dorrae for trá (573). some without metre (1546). The tendency of words and phrases Hke alt co fesear (827.g. sircuim (4132). 1591 at 1692. smitai. cinntechsom. moosoxn for lugusom/?r lugam moam (658). The rhymes. 1577 at 1686. Number. are indicated syllables.. (659). 1609-14 at 1695. conod miait (508)/í?r conid muiti (4649). 2ináfogn{ (1336. 4360. segait (4739). ré huamma/í?r réim (1638). (501). except gender (1457). ÍQgdAt for fichit (4735). glossed at 1637. 5932). The French pronunciation of Latin. so-fis/?r seis (479). ceitheora gnee (3747).

The The ascription of the same poem Colum Cille (938). but rather inflections. a ainmniugud . and inod. 2616. They did not observe that is fer. an inflected form oí fer. proclitics were not separate words. of the accented word. a distinct technical name. a thúarascbáil. According grammatical methods the basis or unity is the compound word of five syllables coniroircnigsemniar. ati- and it is followed the and by an enclitic or by an emphasising proIrish nominal regarded scribes sufifix all -ni. and gave it This also explains how is fer (1529) clitic. however. nor did they recognise identity of case and inflection in the words which they wrote hifer^frissinfer. had already been dealt with under the head oí fer. 5351). But native grammarians their these syllables as parts of one word. one word.— INTRODUCTION distinction of xlvii gender indicated in spelling . In opinion filltigthi. cf. key to the plan of inflection called prepositional cases (1515). tod. are of importance in order : to understand the text The word These eight inroconiraircnigsioniairne gives the filltigthi. and the wrote the whole as one word. It is to our present syllables are held to form preceded by a relative pronoun pre-verb -ro-. quosdani is aurlond (1496) or leading vvord to that indicates gender. Accordingly. 1502. . traeth^seciinduni. they wrote frissinfer as one word. fofiur^ iarfiur (1525). 3867. shows that the present text made up from at least two versions which sometimes contained the same material in dififerent order. Hence no doubt comes the disjointed character of many passages. 2622. comes into the scheme. Is was an unstressed proand as such was treated as part of the word following. repetition of the same passages is 1487. and to Cormac (1596. The following terms.

the name of the fault and the name of its two correctives in short. the second list . inward. it ledge of secret. and hence-has é and " is f. technical faults For each of the twelve {anochi). and still adhered to in rudrach in (2047). in the accus. •{• in fer is capable of both. There is no flexion in the word as it stands in the nom...g.— xlvíii ÍNTRODUCTION of prepositions. réim. fir an inward flexion oi fer . error is The original scheme of two correctives for each commended (2010-3). the other to that called gm'iis. But later refinements led to overlapping in the application of the correctives.fer. each having its technical name. it was a three-word scheme. and accurately named set of Tréfhocul. iri very hard. "and the knowcame to be so named." considering that already thirty-six words species Irish" (2021). We The first list read that the 24 helps are increased to 47 (2126). is was thus rendered unnecessary. there were two correctives.." z>. is e. not 47. It its means "three words" probably how " (2018). e. scíath or gnúis. have been found comprised under Tréfhocul -came to its mean a collection of precepts for the correction of incorrect versification. Tréfhocul rhymes with glé-accur (2179).g. one belonging to the class called scíath. etc. Thus the whole system ofcorrect versification would have beeii comprised under a mnemonics.é'. (2035-2071) totals 48.. but there may be flexion in the context. : and both combined outward ut est. Classiíication or any explanation of infixed pronouns (653) Another flexion (786).. /. each mnemonic consisting of three heads. the external flexion of mé. tú. and uathadfri hilar (2057). which later means oblique case Of this flexion there are three kinds outward. lasin {bf)fer. Tcebreijn prosta fadéin i^'do) is the side-flexion. Hence we find in the poem that a particular fault may be corrected or avoided by having recourse to more than one device of each class.. and dondfiur.

issed {tirlonn insce).. the use of singular for plural {óen). meni fhuilet (2198) = meni fuil. the use metri causa of sofer instead of fer {sóerugud) o'i dofer instead fer {dóerugud) . dechtied. and due to a misnumerals. without it) .. A similar touch of imagination emerges regarding d . are or were originally the natural devices. iv. and dichned. the addition of two proclitic {dia/t n-etarléme) . the scéith the artificial devices for avoiding metrical faults. iii. a constant source of error. gnúis being the natural part of the man on the outloolc to for the ward off an enemy. creid — uaim féin. omitted. is fíor mo rann.g. the third list xlix (2131-2176) totals 48." meaning (all the quatrains of) e. grammatical usage . are in accordance with strict e. are distortions of the words whereas those gnmst.g. the number were complete e. urlonn insci ria hairim. — issí where they might be ind ala gnúis dég dil. the use of plural for singular {Idn). sciath the artificial implement in same purpose. " " my quatrain.g. What corrective? is the It difference between all the two kinds of will be found that of a those called scéith..g.g. except lugugud. issi. suffix. except cennfochrus túis. the acjdition purely called artificial diminutive . as v. and perhaps the words were adopted on that principle. e. or of one syllable the use of issé. syllables {lorga fuach).. ii. The gnúisi and There must be some distinction of ideas in thetwo terms.: INTRODUCTION (2083-2118) totals 51. (where issi completes the number of syllables required but if might be dispensed with. — my poem " . read as The discrepancies reading of the may Roman be purely scribal. airichill. e.

doubtless the distinction was based on gender. which the original idea of gender. forcomét^ defensive armour." dem 2. must be read as Group. dem Dahinzu errichten. and the identity in value of the symbols with later MS. because prior thereto the Western Celts of the continent used the Greek alphabet. Ogham inscription bounds the horizon. geschiedenen aufrechtstehende Steinpfeiler p. . 335) the origin of the Ogham alphabet must be placed after the Roman conquest of Gaul. as kneecap on knee knuckles frecomét. 1 INTRODUCTION head and heart as being supports of man. 8th Dec. "schon " Vielleicht. letter Oghamists are agreed that F. According to MacNeill (p. der Verkehr des keltisch-romischen Westgalliens mit seiner alten Kolonie. mated couples (mas. as that which protects by supplying life and degcomét. with exceptions. and degcomét . the male behig (1808. but that fact was to forgotten.. ist alphabet was not of Irish origin (388. Ogham Chr. belonging This usage is dem which neuter in nature). mated pairs and their progeny.. the third of the V in inscriptions. zuzuschreiben (SPA. 1096). . Jahrhundert n. and the further refinements of lánovina and theír In the original notion gene. is still even extended to quantity. Ogiiam. 2771). 4994). Ogham a few B group. and Ogham is based on the Latin alphabet. armament of offence. (a thing grammar). and among is the examples are lánomna deime in (4999). tradition is clear. and fem. die Einfiihrung des Ogamalphabets in Irland und die Sitte. 1910. says Zimmer. dem keltischen Irland. In our knowledge of written Gaelic. and vigour. more remote from appears in The same tendency (1818) to personification the suggested distinction a^xiow^ forcomét^frecomét.

open the objection that óen in O.I. sponding to Gaulish D. the symbol when the became through Latin sources. The group. s-óu. and. July 1874. P- the Kílkenny Arch. haon. and the sign may have originally been devised to represent a consonant value which became There rare or obsolete before the time of the extant inscriptions . juvenes. 5. Group. Cym. also without óa. IV. is also written d. The sibilant representing / appears also in as s-ó. Mr This to M. Cym.g. That sound is represented by Ogham form H is rendered probable by the occurrence of viii. this ieu-anc . p. ceathar. §51). distinctions which correspond to : the values in the text (767). Ériu. ciiig. this 231. 89. latinitates of Maro. and became familiar identified with. But this sibilant Tasg-os. ieu. No. do-bidc = -dibirc Brér . Atkinson suggested that five group tri. Ped.g. i-uuenc-us.g. Tadg = {cf e. tioneni difficulty is with regard to H. the iJiuinnéis. and the first value of H was attracted letter to. or A stop sibilant existed in Gaelic is {cf. and sound probably r. as it stands. e. Ir. An endeavour is here made to establish the second Ogham value of H from the following considerations.INTRODUCTION li H In G. Ir.. /ourna/. it indicates a possible connection between this group and nunierosa. 6"r. ó-ac. correS... no demonstrated instance of H occurring in any of the Ogham inscriptions. sometimes written c. \^2X. ad mota- and ad fortitudineui. Ir. do. is named is after the first Gaelic numerals.9. s-ó-oni. without touching on the origin of H. the first letter of the According to Maro H has two powers. which Lat. suggestion. {i) H non est litera -p sed nota aspirationis and (2) is B cuni aspiratione pro ponitur (433). e. of the duodecini . is used only in composition with a substantive but in the meantime it furnishes a useful mnemonic.

1825) and 11 (4788) obviously are not. of the Auraicept. While some of these. s. i. 3. 2877. Ir. (T has a sign that may be meant is and a substituted for n. 3633) one of the oldest parts of the text. The fact that the third symbol has the efifect of two letters ng proves nothing as to that combination (4925). In Ogham inscriptions the letters.g. except that at line 2878 for of length particular sign s=/í?rj-rt://is written the Latin sign for s). are written separately. n.s. i. others like cc (1358. 49. of Brí Garad). hovvever. Again the three Ogham accents are represented in the text by the letters d. Hmitation be correct. e. § 4). Rhys Pedersen {Gr. 6). This value following B vvould give the Ogham B + H = P. not of the Ogham but is. however. At lines 430. (4800).^ n (of cenn) is not doubled (Ped. No opinion .lii INTRODUCTION for Garad Brég Garad g. are found the three supplementa written h. M Group. examples in the Book of vvith deíinitions and Ferchertne (810. that they are additions made to the Ogham orthographic system by the grammarians of the MS. and Oghamists have hitherto ignored it. s. . Teora fiiillti three supplenienta ind Uraicepto (430. and others incline to think them signs of lenition. If this tradition. dd and indicated in the s. may perhaps be accents as Auraicept. The word. This leaves a probability that here H has the same value as D. 2877) seem to be the {cf. n. Ileí/i^o-ouí 1/^09 On the other hand a large number of §357). if they belong to Ep. in inscriptions contain double letters. Qenvendani. examples of supplefor in is menta need hardly be looked the ancient Oghams. different syllables. Gr.g. and some of its provisions are exemplified. Ogham (439) e. Origg. on for this point obtainable is from modern Oghamists occurs the word forbaid hardly knovvn.

. Ea The changed. stmólach 5695. Streulse 5690. 140). 144-8) has called attention to an excellent example (5821). of e and e (1285). Cryptograms Ep. The symbol cf. srorca 5700. 2562. this interchange contemplated (Aur.g. which is regarded as a double c Prof MacAlister {Ir. B and H But groups were consciously interchanged is 26. sréghuindeacht 5801..INTRODUCTION Hii The fourth symbol is saíd to represent sr or str. last and the symbols ea and ae are inter- The doubling as diphthongs. ii. also used for x. and the examples Stru 247. e. seem sufficient to establish that sound. Ep. No authenticated instance of this symbol has been found in inscriptions. to his axiom that the Oghams were not 66). perhaps two — of Nathair im Ceann Owing (/r. the perhaps that so many of the epigraphs are in regular Ogham. p. 306. p.6) and for medial is The symbol for 8B (1365. 42).70) (oc). — i. MacNeill. Strannan 5795. the same order and value as in no distinction of long and short vowels has hitherto been observed. used y. and pre- since the study of the Oghams was elementary work wonder is scribed for junior students. In epigraphy Group. he is unwilling to allow that the (ii. súst 5727. ii. of each letter in the explanatory script (1143) shows that the symbols stand for long vowels as well Examples are given for í (1369) is also of e and o (2873). Ep. The other examples point to a rare or obsolete sound like English z. 83 . first or Diphthong Group. for p {Ir. 335. A The simple vowels have Latin.

Two Families of Texts. between the II.liv INTRODUCTION A Harmony I. II. 1-62 . I.

INTRODUCTÍON II. Iv 903 .

II. 1695 .Ivi INTRODUCTION II.

AURAICEPT NA N-ECES .

: ^" Barrcaimh. Sgeithegda E. ina raibi Gaedelg resiu rotobaidhe ni fagbaití?r i Robae emh. Cest óidm. Cest. mac Etheoir mic Toe mic Barachaim do Grecaib Scitie Ni ansa. 19/3 14 Incipit toiseach. cest writtenout ar a n-eiper. uair ed ba toisseach i na filedaib gach son fordorcha do riachtain tossuch beithi-luis ind ogaim arbithin dorchadad. ^). asin Goedelg. .. 15 cia tir rrugad Gaedeal ? Ni ansa. ^^ ana rugad E. ar er gach tebi Cid dianad toisseach seo Ni ansa. ^^ rotopad ae E. Uair 10 berla. 20 Cest. dunuch B.AURAICEPT BB. remradí E. uair is ed toisseach arricht Fenius ed 5 iar tiachtain din scoil gusna berlaib ammuich airi as foirleithiu is gach son is forrdorcha robae in gach bescno 7 in gach berlu. I Ocus cia airm sonnrud? descertaig Egipti. Auraicept na nEges -l ? eraicept. ar gach mberla E. rraind iartharaig mmaigh Ucca Gaidel Cia áin scoil dus-cuaid gu suidhe ? Ni ansa. 7 gach son fordorcha gach fo[fh]rith ined doib isin Gaedelg ara forleithi seach gach ? mbescna. i Araicept andso 1 sis ^. Don la : rotebed isin Gaedilg. roboi. cia met don-uc di ? (no Scithie) (col. isin Gaedilg. ar ar I na da berla sechtmogat Ni a/isa. 2 ^** dacuaidh £. cia berla cheana. -''' ^^ dotormachtadar L. bescnu E. doradadh berla. teipide E. 314 a 16 E. L. '^ * ar Q=^yuam') in ** MSS. nEgipt. cia tugaid ara n-ebí?rar berla tobaide din Gaedilg? Ni ansa. 1" i'' lasin filid E. Cest. rotebedh as gach beria . A huiledeto genmotha inni rothormachtatar fihd tria fordorchadh iar torrachtain gu Fenius. Cest.[305] ° ur E. rotormactar E. conad gimvi gach lais-i- Ar gach toisseach diíím.

for this Er then is every beginning. Query. its comprehensiveness beyond every it speech. hard. eraicept. for every beginning er. then. for the seventy-two languages are not found other- was selected wise. how much did he bring of it? Not hard. the Beithe Luis of the Ogham on account of obscurity. that every obscure sound should come in the beginning. that is is. In division In Egypt. Query. son of Toe. son of Baracham. The whole of it except what poets added by way of obscuration after it had reached Fenius 8 . beginning is of lessons. To what selection this a was selected in Gaelic since this is the beginning which was invented by Fenius after the coming of the school with that beginning? Not hard. Ouery. to wit. in what land was Gaedel born particular place? in ? Not hard. thither? Ucca the South-Western it of Egypt. every obscure sound that existed and in every language was put into Gaelic so that for this reason it is more comprein every speech hensive than any language. what is the reason why select language should be said of GaeHc? Not hard. Because it was selected from every language and for every obscure sound of every language a place was found in Gaelic owing to . the plain And what of Not hard.THE PRIMER Incipit Primer of the Poets. was the beginning with the poets. a Scythian Greek. Who of the school went to Not Gaedel son of Ether. did not Gaelic exist before ? It did indeed. To the the languages from abroad. Query.

Et Eabra 7 Greic 7 Laitin la Fenius riasu tissaí/ on Scithia 7 ni rainig a leas a tur. 5. Is and roscrib Gaedel in 45 Cid ar a n-abar bescna domunda din Gaedhilg nach di ata briathar lasna hegnadu eolcha ? Ni ansa.tended for n"!*?. 2308. alogii. marginal gloss. etc. iv. Dia "^ 25 inti legas in dib. . . 314^18 di berlaibh AURAICEPT E. 19/333 duna tossuch? dia scoil 7 scchtmogat rotaisealbad do Fenius ar is e ba tochu lais Ni ansa. i taiblibh 7 i llegaibh isin lug sond- rud dianad ainm Calcanensis. rrugad. Tor Nemrua[i]dh ansa. ar a edruma. conidh aire sin toisseach rotaissealbad. (2) beascna Lower (i) doseadad ambi logos. 13. Asberait araile di cumtuch. jon E. probably in. Ex. Deut. and referring to tables margin glosses 314 B. Origg. 7 Arinni aisnedes du ceastaib 7 du chaingnib domundaibh Cid ara n-ep^T comad borb fiadh eter tuaith 7 eglais. Berla Feni i . " table. conidh conid tugait Gae-(3i5)-del du dul isin tir i he toissech roscrib Gaedealg. of stone. Something omitted. 26 '*'' urlabra sunraig E. -i- cf. mac Roceimbruigemicos E. ^ nanraibe E. 39 rothaiselb E. GíEdelg? Ni ansa. Aimsear di aimser chum- taigh tuir la claind Adaimh. 7 ire rodnalt B. ar. ''^ a thuccait E. ^^ arricht tósaig E. Ni gach mbescna? tur. M b. Persu di Sachab mac Rochemhurcos 7 Gaedel mac Etheoir mic Thoe mic 40 Ni Caidhe tugaid ? Barachaim do Grecaib Scithia. is e rodn-alt asa oetid 7 is e ba 7 is soom din scoil 7 25 ar a forleithi seach gach mbeascna robíE e berla toisseach rugad on icon tur. ar a lethiu is Cid ar nad ansa.4 BB. forlethne E. quam (-i- inas) mine 7 a forleithiu. 37 YBL. Uair e cetna bescno rugad on bamede co mbad i leithiu quam gach mbescna. to be wearied. ndeimniughudh Cest. Gaedhelg ^4 ^8 32 ? Ni ^9 di ata briathar cf. .35 bad din ar is tossach. tidecht E. viii. nAdaim rr E. and etíT 50 Fenius ar E. aga arricht in tossuch. which puts Gredel. 12 . 31 quam MS. i aimsear 7 perso 7 tugait Loc di in tor Neamrua[i]d. isna nach i raibi berlaib (-i- ilib ni in bad uaisli tossuch quam inas) Gaidelg? du riachtain 30 Ni ansa em. conid Caide loc 7 íen dia taiseal. xxiv. Ar a cuibdi.

Wherefore said that he to refer- who reads Gaelic is rude before God ? Not . and cause of Gaelic? of Not it Its place. since is not referred to by the learned sages? Not is it hard. On account of what it relates of worldIy questions and cases it is both of laity and clergy. person. cause? What is The building of Nimrod's Tower. Tower Its Nimrod. son of Baracham. and his whom he had reared from youth. and he had no need to establish them at the Tower. 5 Query. wherefore on that account it was published first. was there not among the many languages something ? nobler to take precedence of Gaelic of its Not hard. a Scythian Greek. Its for there was invented the of at time the time of building person Sachab son of Tower by Adam's Rochemhurcos and Not hard. Others say the cause was that Gaedel went into the land in which he was born so that he was the first that wrote it on tablets and stones in the particular place Gaelic. Fenius had Hebrew. What place. Query. children. The Irísh Language for .THE PRIMER . smoothness. Not hard. the first. what language of the seventy-two was publíshed by Fenius first? Not hard. on account and comprehensivecomprehensive than any it No speech? that was brought from the Tower. that that it it was the first speech it was of such extent was more comprehensive than any speech so was the one to be published at first. and it is he that was the its youngest of the school. Greek. Wherefore is -more indeed. ness. it aptness. son of its Toe. lightness. Gaedel son Ether. and that it comprehenlanguage was the first was brought from the Tower. and on account of siveness beyond every speech. it which is named is Calcanensis. Because are the hard. There Gaedel wrote ' Wherefore 'worldly speech said of Gaelic. . time. and Latin before he came from Scythia. it is he whom he preferred of his school.

d'AIbanachaib do breith -i- in 'na chois dar etz. IX. nach fellsamnacht Gaedhealg? Ni ansa em. MR. et Suibni laidib duroni . Legeand. viii. note e "^* i ngeilt re geltacht E. caich o sin a leith. «'' •'" persa E. acht ar buadha nDomnall a mhed du Erennaich 75 .3i5a8 AURAICEPT E. feallsamlachta E. marginal note by 70 pgrsu E.D. ecc Domnaill «s. tugait a scribind a i Perso do Cendfaeladh 70 mac in hiwchind dermait du beim Ceithri gaei re is a cind Chindfaelad cath Muighi Rath. Asberat tra augdair na nGaideal Cid ara n-ebairtseom. log do Daire Luran. ag airfite do "•> Albun gen artrach E. Cest. for i catha sin : Maidm in fear Conghal ina ina firindi. . 470. 279. Et an fer liubair aile seo T. is -i- fil/: ed is deghenach. asberat na hughtair robadar remi ? uair is e Cendfaelad 80 : do bhriathraibh 53'! CZ. Oilella. gluais B. : .aoaó acht do uilídeataid na feallsamnachta eter gramadaigh 7 dileachtaigh 7 nm. .7^ toisseacha. 'L " bei« E. . tucait Log \ 7 aimser 7 perso 7 scribind in libhuir sin Cindfaeladh. feallsamnacht is fas. -i- is ed as dedhenacho arricht lebor Cindfaeladh mic Oilella. do Albancaibh E. ™ Origg. '^•' rian Domnail E. Litirdheacht Is leir ocus rim 55 beg a mbrig in fri for nimh thuas. i. is 65 ed as toisseach a n-as toisseach iar n-urd lebhurda. amal atbert in a n-as tuiseach. no ed ind 60 domunda and 7 7 is fhellsamnacht dimhain eire[te]acht ind aibres is dorigni neach borb i n-aigidh na ^nndi diadha XfcMff"- 7 daení/a 7 ed sin is fiad Dia and. muir gen airiugudh Dubhdiadh a ainm inchind dermaid du fhilideacht 7 bhem acind Cindfasladh ar a mhed do y_7^ 5'io 7 do legeand rothaisigh. zs gluas. iar n-urd leabur Ailella E. 19 et secj. ngealtacht. .6 BB.feraibh slicht . acht na ndenaid mi«-ughdair as bescna dereadh in domain ar thucait is : a nderscnaighthi seach na n-ughdrt. amal atbert in filz: Foglaim. 5. ''•' 56 •51 gun rígfuas E. aimser do aimser naill Dom- mic ^Eda mic Ainmireach. toisechu E. amaires dogní E. "^ CharlesO'Connor ^" ^s mac Aodha R[ig] E[renn] A. a n-as dedhenach. Caidi log 7 aimser 7 perso 7 tugait scribind in Urai- cepta? Ni oenlog tra lasna cethri Hbro. «• Luran Cuili Dremnigh T. 642. gramadach. ^'J ^^ gramatagda gluas E. 28 6.

both .' the heresy and human. grammar. Small their avail in heaven above. person Cennfaeladh son of the battle of Moira. the unbelief which any one has divine and before God. and metrics as the poet said : Learning and philosophy are vain. and cause of writing that book of its Cennfaeladh : its place Derry Luran. of Domnall. person. as the poet What last what is last is first. cHalectic. time. place. son of Aed. owing to the extent of man . (No) indeed save that which minor authors towards the end of the world selves make as a means for distínguishing : beyond the former authors or this viz. Oilill. madness. son of Oilill. time. the meaning of rude *' What says : are the place. Now the authors of the Gael say : Why ' did ' he say that the authors who were before him say ? since . grammar and gloss. son of Ainmire. Diligent literature and metrics. is Gaelic not philosophy Not hard. time the time Its it. and reading that he amassed. to wit. ? Query. 7 but to the whole of philosophy. As regards the Primer? is first is . cause of writing that his brain of oblivion was dashed out of Cennfaeladh's head in Rout of Conghal and Suibne of in in Four glorious events of that battle his lie before Domnall in his truth it : . Reading..— THE PRIMER ence made here at all. what is first according to book order was invented last to wit. and that is shown against the truth. but . the book of Cennfaeladh. words. is themwhat are worldly speech and vain philosophy. poetry. Dubh Diadh was his name and his brain of oblivion being dashed out of Cennfaeladh's head. and cause of writing Not one place have the four books. person. is owing to the quantíty poems he had made the Scotsman bcaring the Irishalong with him over sea without being noticed.

roba he sein Fenius Farsaigh J lar na n-ilberla mac Nema. Ocus na ugdair na nGíedheal. tucait airic E. Ni ansa. asberait auctair na nGaedeal. Ar uaisli na haimsiri asrubairt -i- aimsiri frecnairci uair gebidh in aimsir frecnairc 7íí -i- arna huilib aimseraib. 31.cimitach in tuir NeamIn Neamruadh sin tra trenfhear sil Adaimh in[a] aimsir e. noisE.. 191. 105 mic Ni bai iaramh Bel sin aenrigh for in doman gu haimsir Nin mic acht toisig nama badar and go anall.im. . si Co mbad tugait in berla Peni i- (-i- berla Feniusa) 100 -i- gnim n-ingnad n-indligtheach for is gnim n-ingnadh -i- ingnath ara ainmenci.. sechtmogat iaramh robadar ^i isin mad comhairlidhe 7 Da comhairlidh domun isin aimsir i 110 ocus an L. -^ cf. uile and i. 9 "3. indlightheach ara uaibrigi triall neam ina corpaib collaidib gan comairlechudh fri Dia. : NihiB.^2"^'^' i -i- uair is i i[s] sruithiu fedaibh wgw'Oíxaigib. : comairlede E. iii. i Ni dno ris is frecra dona 95 haugdaraib robadar n-aenaimsir fen tuc Ceannfaelad intan roraidh.20a29 araíníg in lebar-sa brollach 'md Auraicepta. Nemruad Nemruaidh B. 3I5«39 AURAICEPT -i- E. » «'' diuiduntur. fodlaitfr E. Neamruadh mic Cuis mic Caimh Noe. fhocul i sam(l)aigther in aimsir frecnairc Cinnas on 7 se ig a i rádh int aen- mbit -i- in da shilk<^ nach cantar dicis (col. n-aenaimsir ut Xo. v. Lat. -i- dicitur lego \egha. 1*' ina aimsir he L.E. Porcsemnacair ruaidh. cf. dicitur : Prescens tevipus pro oiimi- 85 bus teniporibus ponitur forna huilib aimseraib. samaigt//^. quando ^) le- futuruni est -go \/]uando dicis -go]. Gr.6 los.. 2 '^ 83 Origg. »2 ^" 100 robathesein E. E. preterituni est int intan raide 90 chugut int shillís:^^ dedenach seachmadhato seachat int shillab thoisenach. Defir on amal asbert in Laidneoir Tenipus non diuiditur sed opera toisich todachaiche ^^\aib 7 : nostra diuiditur •\- nochon i in aimsear fhogailter and hi acht ar ngnimradh-ne. Cidh ara i tuc-somh a ar tus suní/a? 7 is uaisli Z.8 BB. comairlig L. E.

reason . till There the chiefs not then any king over of Bel. are not spoken at one ut dicitur^ lego. the world counsellors time. i.]. I quando est le- dicis \Q-futuruni est-go i. that vvas Feníus Farsaidh. the last last] syllable is to you. Tliat this is (that is is.. to the authors This however. is that? since he says óf the one word which are tvvo syllables.THE PRIMER it 9 this ís Cennfaeladh that invented book. seed in the building of Nimrod's all Novv that Nimrod vvas champion of his Adam's time. son of Cush. son of Ham. son of Nema.e. vvas son of Noah.' it the authors of Why has he placed a letters first here? Because is the eldest among the and the noblest among for vovvels. is not time is divided there but our actions. Praesens pro ouinibns teuiporibns ponitur^ put for all the present time is times. and [when you say the to you. the as first syllable preterite : That that is natural the Latinist said Tenipus non dividitur it sed opera is nostra dividuntur... that they read. in Fenius' speech) a deed wonderful. for : he puts the present time tenipiis for all times ut dixit i.e. Owing to the : nobility of the time he said that the present time. Nimrod. [quando dicis-go] praeteritum first vvhen future you is say the syllable.. the Prologue of the Primer. Which happened Tower. is.. and lar of the Not hard [2nd it.e. an attempt on heaven their without permission of God. And the authors of the Gael.e. not a reference vvith who lived at the same time ' himself which Cennfaeladh gave vvhen he said the Gael say. time of Nin. i. son vvere in but only up till that Seventy-two counsellors accordingly were in the and existence . in How time. there. the Irish Language infrequency. many languages. for its that an unusual deed. Ans. viz. unlawful. unusual its unlawful for fleshly bodies pride.

: Androdamas is cf. Piliris. 130 áono n-ugdaracht -i- Nin mac Bel mic PIoisc mic Fronosis mic Gitlis mic Tiris Pluliris mic Agomolis rnic mic Assuir mic anni sin. '^' ugdaras E. Longbardus. Bodbus. E. '''- '-s ^^ ^iiii fer E. Et asberatsomh iarum co mad aencomairlib 7 inann tuismidh doib uile i n-aencomairli do la •i- . Brittus. 2418. '-'^ anmand E.la Fallec mac Ragua mic Arfaxat mic Sem mic Noe 7 ba he sen in 120 dara comairlib sechtmogat cena go sin. 17. Sardain. 6. seacht fear ndeg ba haireg[d]u 125 Neamruad. Is e Is e sin in cetri iar iar n-eladhain in Fallec remraite. Is imchomarc ndernad sun^/ anman<frt: na in tor. Nabgodon.rotimairg) na da comairHb sechtmogat sin dhenum in tuir la hua brathar a athar hiarmo der[b]brathar a shenathar -i. 20^3 1 ndernad in dara comairlib sechtmogat fer Neamruad. : Adrodmus cf. Eber.\- Fallecc sin. Trenfear sidhe dno / for mila an i selg -i- for for aigibh 7 fiadhuch muige 7 arrcheasaib -i- mucaib alltaib 7 fornelaib -i. 22 ar "^'^ '21 imuamhan na i dileand duridhisi oldas cac/í "^ '2" '22 '2'i i comairlidh E.9. . Acht chena is e in cetri iar ndilind iar n-aicniud -i. Sgithus. Garath.hi sloghaib 115 Conid 7 co mba nertmairi oldas comhairlid samhlaidh.^ Scot.Neamruadh. -i' vii. AURAICEPT Ba he dno -i- E. xvi. E. St. Sardanius E. Bardanius. 13 rotechtaid-sium L.lO BB. i»' iii. Semh mic Noe. co mbidis sochaidi do dhainibh ica leanmain samlaidh co mba lia -i. Ragu Eiber hiarmuadh E. ? ndamaimh 22 . Gotus. he dorimtas (-i. B. 2. : Luke oentusidh E. which translated. .for enaib. Gotius. Orosius : '*' '*' Adcotaitise E. Ibath. Scithius. Et asberat Neamruadh co mbad a ainm-seomh gnima siiL Adrodamas (-i. n-aencomairlid E. conaigi sin E. Ithlis E. Assur. acht da fhear ni sechtmogat dib lais a chena airmed scribenda acht -i- anmanda na FaiIIec. E. Riab^. 315/3 22 in tor. '•* vii. Sgarath. Atcotaidhi-seom dno fií'rbeith in anni sin. mac Salai E.rodaimed) dno dosom 135 Tredhe áxdiu ar a ndernad la claind nAdaim in tuir sin -i- cumdach 111. 8 passage corrupt. in Faillec. Latinus. Germanus. 15. '-' seilg E. 35 comairligh. Origg.

THE PRIMER world at the time ín vvhich the Tower was made. Bodbus.. He him. writings do not enumerate but the names men who were most illustrious among them. to wit. for birds. Latinus. Nimrod. Scithius. that Tower was accomplished by Adam's dread of the flood again. Garath. son of Noah. So that thus multitudes of men were following him so that he was more numerous. Germanus. for hares . who the to united those ^2 counsellors to one counsel to make Tower with wit. That was the Bel. whom Peleg. i. to for stags and coursing. and in trappings. to wit. Longbardus. and first But any rate art. Ibath. son of Assur. and that to wit. then. up therefore that to And he was one of And they that time. son of Tiras. Three of things.e. So that it was he wild pigs and in snarings. then. said that for ever. A question here the the names of the 72 counsellors by 17 Tower was made. to wit. Nabgodon. Sardain. counsellor is. the say the Peleg was the one and same parent only that of the to wit. Brittus. Bardanius. Assur. king according to to authority. son of Noah. to wit. son of Fronosis. the Peleg aforesaid. Rabiath Scot. it According son of however. after the flood the first king according to nature was Nimrod. of them all. son of Shem. in armies and so that he was thus more powerful than a counsellor. that thing also was granted obtains. at Gotius. the grandson great of his father's brother. for . son of Agomolis. too. 72 counsellors. son of Pluliris. to wit. was Nin son of Plosc. with the brother. Eber. with Peleg son of Ragau. hunting. that thing. son of Gitlis. in A . on account of which the building children. son of Shem. Nimrod it was his name that should be on that work Adrodamas. son of grandson of his grandfather's Arphaxad. mighty man was wit. ii Now he . one of the ^2 was and a man famous in Nimrod.

ticidh E. tri ara cmrt/ier primhdhacht lleith na mberla sin ara med do eladhnaibh dorighnedh estib 13!' i^-' ^*'^ »o Vulgate. iart^?/.tus'\gh ba sai 160 isna primberlaibh (cid Is e fath na-tis<?</ a tuaid i asin Scithia). 1. conruIn tan asberad neach 145 -i- ^jfnMm^ \]^- ai^niesc-sen -i- conremesc impu. sin cco'md J clocha ?[\id is no-imluaighdis eturru. a llin E. sechtmogat B. cianaib iarsna Dolodar tra asin Scithia riab gnimaib-sea du cuingidh fogluma na n-ilberla icon (•i- tur. airecta B. air dorum^«adar 150 rotoiwtnigedar i -i- dodochusaigeder) magen shil asa fordailte 7 [n-]arnechta na hilberla do Adhaimh. brethnag) H. conid de sin asbert righ nimhi fri muintir nimi (316): Uenite ut uideanius 7 140 •\- confundantus lingas eorum tait co rofegam 7 gu romel- achtnaighem berla innani sin. 3i5i3 49 AURAICEPT 'na corpaib E. E. na fili T. Gen. •i- na filed fear tri gach berla na -i- tri saidhi -i- sai gach primhberla Ceit/zrz dona primberlaibh Eabra 7 Greic 7 Laidean. raindi. romeartis and iarna comlani. i"'''' ba suid sen E. sen • is ed ba hainm a siu \. T. n-Iuchna. ree. is berla sechtmogat as gach berla dib-sen. ar doruimnetar (•!• ^'^'^ : i^ no-imluaidis E. dib fri ' tuc damh cloch ' ba crand doberead na iat lecca forsa suaitea in chre 7 na fí^rchai dia suaitea. 7 Fenius Farrsaid. xi. ''•^ i'^' ^ romerdais E. Seannair dochum i in tuir -i- Dolodar iaramh gu mag mag n-Ucna no mag nDoraimh lin n-iartharthuascert maigi Sennair ainm soní/rudach na 155 Coigiurar sechtmoga[i]t a 7 vnnd'i forsata in tor. airdechta E. do cria suaite 7 do mitmuiw na clocha 7 na farcaidh dia suaitigh T. no is inbaid E. 30|3 23 do dul for neamh doib don talmain 7 d' urdairciugud a n-anmandh dia n-eis. '^^ conad E.conromesc impu E. Adaimh festais - 7 a nneart isin aimsir sin [in] Ba mor tra cumachta ic denum in tuir sil co iaramh aroili robhae cumachta righ nimhi uaso. tri suidh •!• suidh E. '•'" 1'''' "" reib E. 7 ^"'^ rodbe.'-tuaisciurt E. notisis E. fili T. . E. ^'~ ^^* rofor/bdlad E.12 7 BB. ed rofadlad and. conamessosen •i. The parenthesis follows in B. 165.

that is the Tower. and he languages even before he came from the North out of Scythia. . He confused them. that they might know thus whether the power of heaven's King was over them. videamus that et con- fundanius linguas eormn.four languages. and the mallets by which mixed. Greek. to wit. to wit. these are the sticks and stones which they were Novv poets came from Scythia a to seek to learn the little after these doings many languages i. a special name of the point on which seventy-five. Seventy . the slabs on which the it mortar was mixed talking about.THE PRIMER they should earth. what was dispersed was a sage is Fenius Farsaidh was the in the principal name of their chief. that was there. They went therefore to the plain of Shinar unto the Tower. and is Latin. at the Tower since they thought i. is. He confounded them.e. The poets numbered languages. 13 go to heaven in their bodies from the and to render their names on that account said the illustrious after them. that of is. When it one them would say to another 'fetch me a stone' was was time a stick he would bring.e. which every one of these languages. one for each language. the plain of Ucna or the plain of Doraimh in the North West of the plain of Shinar. a sage for each of the three principal Hebrew. they supposed they expected. that come we may see and confound those men's speech. the The reason why superiority is claimed on behalf of these three languages owing to amount of compositions that were made out of them. of a place from which were dispersed and in which had becn invented the many languages by Adam's children that they would remain there in perfection. Now great was the power of Adam's seed and their strength at that time in making the Tower. and the three sages. that is. to so that King of heaven tit the people of heaven (316): Venite is.

1" conad iarsin doroeipe doib in Gaidealg T. ix. no dno triur i arin titul 'na clar na croiche. ix. Farrsaidh á\diu mac 180 No Fenius Baath mic Magogh mic lafeth mic Noe. 20^44 is arin cumasc rocumaiscit roscribad estib gach mberla. na n-ilberlad E. nEbruidh -i.secht mberla 7 anais Fenius icon 170 tur 7 adrotreb co torracht a scol ina dochum di cach i aird 7 bai ic forcedul hilchenel in domain i icon tur inn is ead sin. I 13Origg.: 14 7 BB.] ed dno bhias 165 '®" (do an fine •i. caite genelach Feniusa? Ni ansa. T. ^*'^ 18'? ceana [a]con tur E. is^ i** Abbo. ar ni raibi cland etir ic lonau no ni raibi lonan in fen mac sin oc lafeth uí Hieronfmus dixit. Aoi E. lair E. 1™ dia rogenetar E. ri nEbraidi 'na tengtha robai domun 7 is araile cumhiar 190 dach in tuir [-i- Gorthigernd L. Et dno 7 i[s] Sgithegdha cuga berthar sil Scithi Gothi Berla iarna ngenek/zrtzA Et robadar isin Nse ar ceana. 1»» Gorthigernd ainm in berla robui ac mac t)e Deigerna 7 ac sil Adaimh L. 165 tur O na fuair Fenius comhlainius na mberladh icon scoil 7 a forfodhail a desciplu fo chaithrecha 7 fo cen- nadcha in talman ar gach leath du fhoghlaim na mberla cen 7 rosn-othrastar Fenius etir biathadh 7 etghudh badar oca fhoghlaim -i.nEher a bruinnip T. Magoth E. I. I. 3l6a23 AURAICEPT tri F. "" do biud 7 d' etach T. 168 : : . cricha E. Origg. 3 ^" ic forcetar E.dia fine) T. ^" rogein E. T.>(/«0 dixit E. "* ui Mac. Boidb E. Debthir on. Cest. di Asberat auetair raibi mic lafeth mic Noe dia roghenedar Gm'c 7 dia rochin Fenius ic cumtuch in tuir. nach raibi E. ^~^ roaitreb. 189 nEbraide immorro is ed E. 181 ^** Adno?«. heríah E. (Eogain mic L) Glunfind mic Laimfind mic Farsaidh mac Etheoir mic Agno[ma]in mic Toe mic Boinb mic Semh mic Mair mic Ethecht mic Aurtecht mic Abodh mic Aoi mic kxa mic lar^ mic Sru mic Esru mic Boath mic 185 Riafath mic Gom^r mic Fenius 7 lafeth mic Noe 7rl. Conad Fenius de sin asbert icon curp 7 is Hbair and cloind roan fadesin aroili tur ni and neach 175 adrothreabh.

and . Since Fenius did not get a perfection of the languages at the Tower.THE PRIMER and owing that to the 15 mingling wherewith they mingled with every language. son of White-knee. and up to him are carried Scythians and Goths according to their genealogies. son of Bonb. The Hebrew language is the tongue that was in the world before any building of the Tower. son of Aurtecht. What is F'enius' genealogy? Not hard. and Fenius supported them with both food and clothing whilst they were so learning. That Farsaidh. son of Ethecht. there were none at the building of the is Tower. son of Noah. son of Ether. son of Baath. son of Aoi. son of Noah. Tower during that space body of the book that at the Tower and there he son of Japheth son of originated Other authors say that of the children of lonan Noah from whom the Greeks and from natural whom for Fenius sprung. seven languages till [I. then. he dispersed his school and his disciples abroad throughout the cities and territories of the earth on every side to learn the languages. son of Ara. son of lara. son of of Sru. son of Mar. or Japheth had not that son himself. iit Hieronymus dixit. son of Toe. to wit. Query. and Fenius stayed at the Tower and dwelt his school came unto him from every direction. son of son Japheth. Jonan had no children at all. etc. son of Magog. and it is it too that will be after doomsday. And besides Fenius is a Scythian. or again it was owing to the superscription was written out of the three of them upon the board of the Cross. son of Boath. and he kept instructing the many races of the world at the of time. son of Japheth. son of Esru. Or Fenius Farsaidh. son of Abodh. son Semh. years]. son of White-hand. And they were all the seed of Noah. son of Gomer. Hence he said Ín the Fenius himself remained there dwelt. son of Agnoman. of Eogan. son of Riafath.

215 anraand E.a foghluma) gu Fenius berla na beth oc neach andsin conaitchitar eliu do 195 thebiu doibh asna hilberlaib acht comad acco a n-aenur nobeth. olcena E. 203 jara ri. Creitt 2" Guitt L. macc Angin E. 216 na berla E. 19« 199 201 tebeth. Lugoil. . sund berla na filed a ceathramad 7 Berla Feni tra arricht 7 iarmberla 7 berla n-edarscartha etir na feadhaib 210 an gnathberla fogni do chach a coiced. iii. Recir . arricta E. Beithin. o rofoghlaimet na hilberlae? Sicil. Cest. esside dorothlaigestar a mberla-sa gu Gsedheal mac Etheoir. : doruirmig E. P.„ cethramad E. asberat araile co tiachtain tra la muintir lar iar dona desciplaib co Fenius o a n-imdeachta) 7 a foglaim 7 n. Gr. I Orosius i. /3) taispenad a cuarta gresa -i- gusin saidh is (-i. ealg airdirc in sin Gaedheal Gaedeal dno glas 7 mac Agnom no Aingi« ba sai mac Is senbrathar athar do Fenius sen dno cid he. 191 alaile E. Guit. Goedeal mac Etheoir mic Toe mic Baracaimh in Grecaib dara sai robai i coemtect -i- Feniusa. ^^^ ii. "O. conad -i- uadh 205 rohainmnigead Gaedealg ros-irdarcaistar. nEitheoir conid Gaedealg o Gaedel mac Et Gaedii 7 o Gsedhel mac Agnon no Aingin. 2. '^ pr-ur T. acu sin E. Nema 7 Fenius Farsaidh tra mac Eogein 7 lar mac Gaedel mac Etheoir na tri saidh doreipsead na berlu-sa 7 apiid Athena) civitatem arrictha. Scithi. aicillidh T.(col. 80 . xxix. . 21 a 12 mbrath nimhe. 205 207 rosirdharcaigestair. : fogn«5. Germain. . 3l6a49 7 AURAICEPT mbad eadh nobeth (-i- E. Hircain. Boitt E. Ni ansa. "-ii . Hist. 2U O'D. . dorothothlaigestair E. ^ .Barathaim E. Meid (no Moid). : . n-aicilHt E. Scuit. 192-201 Arch. 247 ^**" i''^ nach beth E.l6 BB. GoiUi. C. . caemthucht E. teibidhi cona fortormaidibh E. 58 Keat. Morain . doruirmisim T. caidhead a n-anmaní/^ na da chenel sechtmogat 215 Eotenam {uel Beithin. : : co coitcend E. conad airi sin -i- conairneacht doib in berla tobaidhi berla Feni 7 iarmberla 7 a mberla cona fortormaigib isin n-edarscartha eter na fedhaib airegdhaibh amal duiruirmi Duil Feadha Mair 7 berla na aroile 7 filed asa n-acailhV cach 200 dib a ngnathberla fogni do cach o di ilcenela.

its Wherefore on that account for them was invented the Select Language with superadditions. Scythians. THE PRIMER some say that it 17 was ít Now after after the disciples came which the people of heaven had to Fenius from learning. Ouery. a Greek. and Language Parted trees. And Gaedil from Gaedel. and the Common Language which serves for every one from many races. Scots. Gaedel ennobled Gaedeal Glas son of Agnon . to wanderings. their studies. the Language of the Irish. Gaedel. and the Additional Language. and Gaedel son of Ether are the three sages who selected these languages. B . ealg it. and they were fifth. the Now Fenius Farsaidh son of Eugenius. to wit. Now elder brother that claimed this the Language of the Irish was invented here. and the Language Parted among the principal letters as he has related in the Great Book of Woods. Fenius to select for of the many languages. to wit. Germans. means also. Sicilians. what are the names of the ^2 races from which the many languages were learnt? Not hard. son of Ether. even he. among the and the and the lar Language of the Poets is the fourth. their showing their journeys. a language that no one else should have but them out which might belong to them alone. so that from him was named Gaelic. Bithynians. to wit. Medes. noble. son of Fenius' father's and he too was a sage. son of Baracham. to wit. son of Agnon or Aingin. and the Language of the Poets whereby each one of them converses with another. and wit. or Athena. then thev asked the sage. and son of Nema.. son of Ether. It is he language for Gaedel. son of Ether wherefore Gaedealg is from Gaedel. son of Toe. and the Additional Language. and their works. invented in the city of Eotenam. or Aingin. was one of the two sages in Fenius' com- pany. Common Language that serves everyone.

Achid. amal rogabad lem a ndeismiracht T. Egept. X. om. p. Maguich. óig = Oigii. Bretain. Boid. Ir. Alain. Ardair. Hircain. gairc = -1» Goirc. Narboin. 228-44 235 2*" E. Dichiung. Norith. Ardain E. 230 Tricdai E. na descipuil forsin cuairt 7 teora bliadna. Lacdemoin. comchinel T. conid desin asb^/r-som 240 curp libhair: A cind (317) deich mhliadan iar scaiHud doib on tur for gach leath durebeadh doib berla-sa. Circir. £. 3-5 219 2--« CZ. Sardain. L. 224 ~i '^-^ Nombith : L. See. Esbain. Inair. Athain. aird = ix.i- comberlaib dochuaid and 7 ni cach comcheneoil dochum a chriche. Sarain. 227 233 Tracda. Morain. Origg. Guith. : Circir. Goith. Amuis. Essill. 2 226 Daicia E. cuairt 7 Seacht mbhadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus iar tiachtain this i comdar a deich samlaidh. Troiannai. Origg. L. 316^25 AURAICEPT Corsic. Lugoil. e sin tra anmanda na da cenel sechtmogat mbadar na da berla sechtmogat. goirg. Freisin. Galaid. Roid. 220 Nobith. grinni 2. ix. lasa Tracdai. q^^^^ Fresin L. Bragmain L. dochum bunadhus 7 ba co hEgeftagda rofaidhedh fobith is and robatar a tusdidhe 7 ba hand rodn-alt 7 tuargabat fodesin 235 Is cach as [a] aetidh. Nairn. Gruind. Luidi. B. Itail. Innecdai. Sicil. repeated 238 comceiwel. Bramain. 131 Sardan L. Dardain. do Eabraidhibh T. Reicil. Ethioip. luind = Luid. Ardair. with Origg. however. are supposed by the scribe to denote nations Moid. Taeasail. Creit. nair = Niair. It Dacia. Lodain. Longbaird. Goircc. ba he h'n na scoile gach fear dib fria berla 7 ni Fer gach berla tra 7 tri suidh 7 rofaided cach comceniuil dochuaidh and 230 a comcrichi dun fhoghlaim sin acht is cach comberlaidh amal rogab Cai Cainbrethach dalta Feniusa Ba do Ebraib a in dara descipul sechtmogat na scoli. Barais. Dordain. Bethain. 225 Dalmait.21^33 Point. mair = Mair. : which cf. Massail.— i8 BB. 2. amuis = Amuius. ^li. 30. Nectae E. conid desin asb^/r-som i curp libair. Oigii. Alain -o Maigidoin L. Troianda L. . xiv. Narmais. = Grumd. Ciclaid. Paimpil. brais = Barais. dona berlaibh-sea. Albain. Armoin. Romain. Maigidon. It e muaid = Descriptive adjj. Reit. 217-23 am a : Bai tra cuigiur ar xx ba huaisliu dib. Frainc. Gailli. Morcain. Sicir E. Mair.

Alanians. Boeotians. He was a Hebrew by extraction. Morcain. Langobards.THE PRIMER Hyrcanians. Macedonians. one of the 72 disciples of the school. Massilians. and three sages. mais. (?). Lydians. Now one man each of these languages. so he says in the body of the book Every one of the same speech went there. Sicilians. and they were three years in displaying their studies after coming home. Rhetians. Magogians. Italians. of the and 72 Indians. Cycladians. Athenians. Bithynians. Dacians. and each one of them was sent to his own language. Lyonese. so that they were ten [years] accordingly. náir Moors. Dardanians. as for example. races for names Those then are whose were the 72 languages. máir. Cai Cainbrethach. unto his own district. Armenians. aird. Corsicans. Frisians. 19 Goths. and unto their common district unto that learning went not every one of the same race but every one of the same language. Hyrcanians. Cyp- Gauls. Now seven years were the pupils on the course. that was the complement of the school. Dalmatians. Pontians. Goths. Galatians. and it was to Egyptians he was sent because his parents had lived there. Sardinians. Ethiopians. Romans. Pamphylians. náir. Egyptians. gairg. Britons. Fenius* foster-son. Elisaeans Thracians. wherefore this it is of he says below in the end of ten years in after every direction this there were 25 At the their dispersion from the Tower language was selected for them of the body book : Now persons that were the noblest of . Nar- Nubians. Cretans. but not every one that hence : of the same race. and there he was brought up and reared from his youth. (?). Lacedemonians. Rheginians. Spaniards. rians. Getae grinn. Trojans. brais. Saracens. Albanians. the Brahmans. amuis. bonians. Morini. Noricans. Thessalians. Rhodians. Franks. Aquitanians. óig.

bai ag Lacht isin Aisia T. ernin getal).. xxxi. Iss iat sin scoil anmand Achaidh in choigir ar araili ic xx ba i huaisliu bai in i Feniusa. 3I7«3 AURAICEPT feadha 7 E. Gotli. Affrim. 2" comairlig L. Ceithri 270 cemeand sechtmogat. Gomer. ^'' Goth. da thuaith sechtmogat viii -i- A lasa m[b]atar fria na berla sin 7 na cenela. Gr. Foraind. Gomers. 7 bhi E. Afrimp T. Kaliap. lesu T. Urith. Hiruad. Stru. Oise. 2-2 ceimenda T. Ethrocius. Dabhid. Coic cemend ar choic milib. Muiriath. in oguim E. in da íidh doformaigitar E. ba din do dhainib. ''^5-8 o D. da comairlibh sechtmogat.] cinnleacha tuir ansa. ba hon choiciur ba huaisliamh dib rohainmnighthea ^-^Mf^f^^lW-^^fh<dno it vii feadha aireghdha filet and 7 ba huaisleam and rohainmnigthea 7 it duformaighet frisna cuic feda ugut Asberat is araile on morshesiur in e dana fidh > XQ C Nemruaidh ? Ni 260 Cest. d' shadhu fri E. isind Asberait 7 arricht dno is Tochur Inbir Moir arranig sin aipgitir 250 Amairgin mac Miled ' in mbeithi-luis in oghaim. : bitumain 7 main da cheim for sechtmoga[i]t i«na leitheat amal asbert Airimh in tuir togaidhi Nemruaidh. E.245 gadon. 2-'* mbuaidhred. It seo a n-anmand-i- Babel. Ca. Umelcus L. 2^8 anminda E. tren tiníS^scanar ? ' Is cia O nach fuach (-i. ludonius.— 20 BB. da berla sechtmogat du berlaibh ina scoil. Loth. fotren tindsgnamar E. Reic'him. Uimelicus. Ruben. Orineis. Achab. lachim. da descipul sechtmogat. ara rainic E. Talamon. jj-p*^ Rothidhnaic Dia ^' Goth. '^ Salamon E. ^65 i^s B. ' Cia litir. Da chomairhb sechtmogat Tugsat sailhiu for sluaighedh Da berla for sechtmoga[i]t fria . Saliath. oireme E. Nab. cia ' son In nach forbaider focol? son ger fogabar (-i- d'min disoil no fern). caidet [airme L. Essu. da ael 7 saer sechtmogat 265 tal- gnim. xx doairmiur-sum. da chenel sechtmogat na ndsene. -•'" aibgidir E. -''* 276 Daudnaic L. cia nin. 253 inni nach. Etrocus. -•'''' : . Ordines. forbiter. ''1 sinn oghaim B. Na coic feadha aireghdai 255 immorro inn oghaim. Cec L. 2ia36 e and- n-anmariía'c^ foratait taebomna in ogaim. berlada E. ^es 270 janib B. da aic[dh]i sechtmogat eter 7 tathluib ina comhegur. 266 ael ^^ laid-sea E. ^si 259 huaisliu. Maisse E.

Ethrocius. 'ji peoples the races. earth. Others again say that seven prinit is cipal vowels are there. Nebuchadnezzar. Achab. that were noblest there that they are named. u. expedition. and work at it. 72 languages. what character. Kaliap. David. These are the names of the 25 persons. Affrim. and five thousand. Oise. : 72 paces in width. 21 named names : the These are the names of them after whom are Ogham vovvels and consonants. 72 building materials bitumen. Ruben.— THE PRIMER them. what are the definite numbers of Nimrod's Tower ? Not hard. it was a shelter to men. Four and seventy paces. What The five principal five vowels of the Ogham howcver. Gotli. son of Mil. . Talamon. and cement in equal layers. Stru. Lot. and the two vowels that were added to those five oi. Ordines. letter. a. 72 artificers to including lime. Two and Two and # seventy counsellors. They took companies on an seventy languages to God gave confound them. the noblest that were in Fenius' school. Andwhatsharp sound is found with which no strong word is begun ? ng. e. Eight of them. 72 pupils. the Beithe Luis of the Ogham. Uimelicus. Gomers. ludonius. what sound is that with which no word is ended? dinin disail^orf. it was from the persons i. to vvit. who were and that noblest of them that they were named. invented. as he said The number of the chosen Tower Of Nimrod. the languages in his school. from the seven persons vowels are ea. Cae. Five paces. whose vvere those languages. Pharaoh. Essu. ^2 races of men. Muiriath. Others again say that that is the alphabet which was invented in Achaidh. Herod. Query. Saliath. o. and at the Causeway of the Great Estuary that Amergen. lachim. Here are their Babel. ^2 counsellors. Urith.

/3) illda persa tanaisti tres persa . coniunctio. estis. 29 iHraid L. sumus estis -i-i'i- atamait ata sibsi atait. sunt Sum. : 28B 289 300-11 ina adbur E. sunt. . participium. . de quibus didtur — Cre. est. na hadbur co . 7 intmacht anmanda-seo pronomen. interiectio cetpearsu uathaid persa tanaisti huathaid treas persa Mz. om 3" a illrad L. cubait L. 355. uisgi. Da aicde 'Eter £el for sechtmoga[i]t. sum es •\•!• ataim ata tu 305 est -v ata se cetfear (col. oland is fuil. 290 Airim in tuir. nama badar sechim 7 lin ~ -i- hxtnmdÁn. heladnaib L. Sumus..\h. 466 qubuit T. roghnathaigh. oland 7 ros 7 sel 7 -^^^ Ross is 3el is lin lanchuir. '•^®^ ^ .: 22 BB.aid . Sechim.adgnathrt7V5 T. : dia fadhnad E. primshfer ar sechtmogait Fri heladhain na n-adhbar. bitumain go mbuaidh Nai n-adhbair •i- in tuir Nemruaidh. 3i7a34 AURAICEPT cenel saer sechtmogat dainib. z's bitumain is Ocus talmhain tathluibh. 302 Gr.forafodlait E. 21 j3 8 Da Da Dona ba dodhraing foghlaim. da cheim ar sechtmoga[i]t fria airim. E.28. da primsDsra sechtmogat E. 285 In«a cumhat. talmaw . : doghraing B. re ngaith E. 3or. descipw/ sechtmogat fri Fste Fenius 280 Da Da thuaith saera sechtmogal fir Forofoglaid. prepositio. tierbuin. ^^ talum is tathlaimh E.. a uathrtí/. 29« 9 rc. -i- aduerbium. cre 7 uisgi. : ^*. . '^''^ 310 '•*•' 278 fria dodraing gn B. a illda. 2 E. Seacht cumat deg demnighthi Ag nim Is suas im gaeth ngairigh. ainm 7 pronomí'w 7 briathar 7 : 7 doibriathar 7 ranngabthach 300 a n- 7 comfhocul reimshuidhiughudh Novien. iv. E E.26. es. . xii. Inna leitheat Asberat isin tur "] araili immorro is noi n-adhbair fuil. Lat.

wool. And two and seventy paces In breadth to reckon it. Sunius. verbuni. acacias.. pro- nonien. Two and seventy building materials. Fenius sends them to learn. . however. flax — Clay. est. and Acacias. wool and blood. interjectio. he used. that only nine materials were the Tower. certified. Including lime and pitch And earth and cement. lime. noun. Seventeen cubits Near heaven upwards with a roaring wind. Others say. Two and seventy free peoples He subdivided. In equal quantity. clay and water.— : THE PRIMER Two and Two and seventy free races it 23 Of the men. and interjection are their names : Noinen. in wood and dicitur and bitumen. thread of a fuU twist. conjunction.participium. to wit. adverb. to wit : I person singular suni I person plural . water. sunt. 3 " es. its " Suni. participle. bitumen with virtue. The nine materials of Nimrod's Tower. was hard . preposition. conjunctio. seventy pupils. singular. flax thread. verb. de quibus and blood. working of the materials. its plural. Wood. pronoun. adverbiuni. Hme. to wit. men of the earth Two and seventy chief artificers For the sUilful . estis.

J remshuidhiugud. ^^ a frithindlech T. thanaisti in uathaid.-io j ^25 in ilair E.fuatha na lití^r.prepositio. particípiuni. n-illradh E. llitrib. 24 BB. a Atait simt a frithinclleadach La: bunadh forleathan in totus a bunadh ruidleasa na haibgitrech 315 is dearbadh sein -i freagra du thoit in dobeir sund. frjsin in B. perso in -i- 'úXda. 355. 323 32«.: doaidhbhet E. : *^^ haibitleach dobeirsiumh E. . ae : Attaat in ata i n-ait -i- ata -i- ae <M\gidh ae i n-ait oWaman a inne no attaat a atai uait. S7mt {• . comfoccumhul E. ^" Gr.du-aispenait do eolchaib eistib -i.a cialla 335 ^ ^ caireachtaire -i. thanaisi E. ar in descipul frisin maigistir. 7 iv. xz. tres Cetperso perso thanaisti. pronomen. Gr.taitnit asna litrib sin íoclaib. es. sunt. It randa and -i- novien. interiectio. ^^1 335 doaidbead L. es in '\\\da. A airbert -i- atat litrib n-aigniudh na guttaighi 7 na tinntuit asinn -dXzniud sin i Dotuitead i -i- i 1 ' L^Li Doaitnead -i.sumus . estis. '^^^ ™ ruighlesta T. 2 ''20 459 rangabtach E. cetperso tres in uathaid sum . perso 325 in huathaid.7 isna. "'^' Examples don of parsing. est a tri n-illí/íz sumus. estis . 336. iii. e a n-anmand 1 lasin Laitneoir . 320 íivA'tfm*'- 'comhíhoc/d interiacht in focul ocon Gaed^/. "'' aireactail B. consaini.. 21/3 18 Attaat da guttai tinda •i-i- n-aibgiteir Laitindai i- 7 consain.^ 7 doibriathar. 32j «. Doaidhbead -i. perso í:í/. coniunctio. Dotiaghat asna íoclaib sin i comighib 7 i sreathaibh roscaigh 7 fasaigh 7 airchetail. breithir E. aircetail E. / pronomé'. / briathar. ainm. : coibigib E. Lat. aduerbiuin. 330 tuitead i A inne beos attaat doaitneat doaigbead dotiagat. 332 in fhocuil E. Lat. ina aicned 'i- na guttai 7 naconsaine E. is Is demin eimh ball in ^" conidh briathar brethir? 7 air i sunt J i ma seadh cia -i- itait amh -i- a tri n - uathrt<:/ suni. itat viii Coich raind indsce insci foc«l sunt? ar uerbuni. eisib E.Víá^'ahtliach. 3>7/34 AURAICEPT earnail forsin -i- E.

to wit. It is certain in truth that the word sunt is a verb . prepositio.— THE PRIMER wit. atait. them to wit. in the plural. est . to verb ? for there are in fact three of es. participle and preposition. coniunctio. a reference to the whole is of the alphabet he gives here. what part of the in the singular. parts of speech. to vowels and consonants. its particular origin. prononien. a proof there. uerbuni. : sunt^ its Latin equivalent. and three of them : mus. sujH. to very general origin totus. to wit . sunt. pronoun and adverb. . conjunction and interjection with the Gael. to wit. vvit. to wit. Those are their names with the Latinist noun and verb. What eight part of speech the word sunt? For there are interiectio. and if so. participiuvi. noinen. to wit. 25 There are two divisions in the Latin Alphabet. aduerbhivi. There its are. estts.

? -i- mudi is 7 tinfeadhaigh- dual na intan a ceathair -i- immorro 345 leathguta da dual na nguta is 7 h. . a ceithrz'. ut Priscianus dixit legittima eo quod iter legendi prebeat -i- in litir amrt/ intech legend iarsinni fuires set in legind : no guth aite -i- doghniat *** da a fhirindeal no da •i- firanail E. apix a Greic. -i- Latindai luaidit inni -i- -i- inna íoclu: no a Laidinta •\- •i- on Latindacht a latitudine on leithet in bescna : no 355 o Latin mac Puin. ^"^ tri. 12 : 3. ''^ Latima Origg. a be ce de dybiini a Ebra. tinfedaigh trindual E.itin. -i- guth fotha fuidhit -i- fotha in ghota in sein no guth : iarsani gotha treothu (318) : no guth-seta Litera quassi Z%0 iarsinni at seta gotha. no da fhir-dhual. E. i auctair L. : ^° guth a n-aenur L. •'°- is aip^í'tir E. 23 Gr. foclaib E. 4. adds *'" -i. 340 no da orru-dhul. a cuic E. aipgidhes L. la/me E. 6. / a tri er. Maro Gt. 7 a tri fir nUraiceapta. no da orru-dhedhail. 2i.8 40 Da ernail -í- no da fhir-inaill. etait : Virg. •'"'^ ind Auraicepta E. E. Edun Gutta fuiti -i- ed a oen erniud no ed a oen an eolaig. cethri duail 7 Auraiceapta? Ni Lanfogur 7 defogur da dual the •i- na tri nguta : leathgutta ocus conso. om. *''^ leigind. B. no da erdhul. "^^ lethe E. abcdr (?) B. i. incipit in tin«scedul no ed aibgiges a mbescna do chach is no a aipgitir -i- abcor no ed Si'ipgí£-es ha. : '^*^ ^^ e 7 L. no da Iss iat sin tri or. '^^ •^i =^5-' dual na ngutta 7 tri dual na conson E.. Lat.: 26 BB. -i- Porsin n-aibgitir -i- forsind epe audair : no forsind epe ic ic {oclaz'd : no forsin epi ic tur is : no ondi as apigitorium 350 a Gaedhelg. : 1. air muit a cot'c dno -i- da dual na nguta duar •i- J tri dual na consan. ailit- a «-ibis do cach E. coic duail Cadiad da dual In 7 tri duail 7 ansa. 317^31 AURAICEPT da fhirin^zell. orru-dhail. no da a erdhail. 3 ^i /egeniidus praeóet E. ii. no da erdhual. da dual na consow Intan is e 7 muiti. fhuirges E. : a Laiten E.

e. two of the vowels and three of the consonants. in respect ut they are ways litera is. i.. foundation that that or sent. " selecting i. or from Latinus..: : : THE PRIMER Two divisions. of the voice is i.e. h is a mute. and aspirates are the three : folds of the consonants. 27 two true arrangements. that the letter as a road for reading inasmuch as it prepares a way for the : . placing a b: or the beginning : is that which " ripens " their speech for every one it is "that which ripens " in Gaelic. a be ce or alphabet. or two true folds.e.. i. however. i. however...e.e. or two on the them. the two folds of the vowels semivowels. voice : Gutta (vowel). Tower or it " : or from the word abecedarium. four. from Laitindacht. On the alphabet. apix in Greek..e.e. Latinda. i. three. Priscianus dixit Dicitur auteni quasi is legitera quod legendi reading or a iter praebeat.... and fíve folds of the Primer hard. son of Edón. voice : : or it is the of the learned man. that is. incipit in Latin. : a latitudÍ7ie. for an " author's selection.e.e." of vocables or on the " selection at i. folds When there are five of them. i. the words i. is. or three on them. semivowels and mutes..e. that is. i. or two intensive goings on distributions divisions. two folds of the vowels and two of the consonants. to wit when there for are four of them. of voices." or for : of words. Full : Not tone and diphthong. that or Laitinda. mutes. These are fir or the three er and the three of the Primer.. i. two supreme divisions folds. or two intensive goings. "it" its one explanation foundation. from the extent of the speech Faunus. they speak the thing. or two true or other things. that one [-i-] is. What ? the two.e. or two two and are them. de djrbum in Hebrew. in respect voices are sent through that them vel or voice ways.

no consain onni -i- consojiantcs : comhfhograightheacha -i- fograigit malle -i- fri guthacha guta ansa. doedait E. guth fuiit. neach ba. : Gr. Diles -i- Ruidhles di guth shet. trib E. fid •i' ead a ainm Ed. 7 Cid ara n-eibert-sium 370 consain.!79 "'81 ilar ="^ "'''' fhuideand E. guth is seta. ^ 3^^ a n-aenur L. no consaiw com a sain té?rcfograigh- theacha ar bec a fogair a n-aenar. '*" ^^ ni hand rotinscainte.i E. uair consain etechtu is fer[r] comhfhogur in 375 fria fein no fria guth ? Cest. '•'" \^^ 365. om. Lat. ar ni maith anfhis. 21/3 59 guth i : no guthetait iarsinni doetait guth treothu a n-íEnur. caite in condelg in ? in cheternail ind Auraicept[a] Ni ansa.: '''° cuma thonn no cain[sh]oin ndubairt L.28 BB. cáin a suin 371 3'^' . •*'^ *-^ nosfuiend E. 3l8a4 n-aitt AURAICEPT -i- E. ar ni fotha do fein. Consain is cainsuin suin taitn^w/cha. 9 coitcend E. uair is nos - foidend fein. 7 ni fuigheand guth trit fein. dissi fein E. om. ar ni tindscain- 385 tea na h-aibgitr/ amal asbert Fenius ba cid siu sai isna tri berlaibh t\sad a tuaid 7 ni saithi cen aipgitri. fuit/. comfongthig uair na comfog«r E. 367.9 guthaigi L. •*" guth. uair etaidh guth di haenur. Cid ara nd-ebairtni sium consain comfograighthid. fen. fotha hi isna íoclaib. íit Donatus dixit : Uocales sunt qitequideni pro-i- fertur side et pcr se sillabam faciunt fein / -i- atat na guthacha is iat- 365 dourgbad treothu -i- dogniat silla/^ a n-aenur.: comsain E. 578. uair ni di immorro guth fota hi inti Cid ara n-ebairt aibgitir epe ic tur. guth fotha. fo comma 1. Cidh ara n-ebairt in guta guth fotha no guta guth fuidhit. Fors a fis is edechta -i- sain. : guthaigthi E. E. guthaigib E.aid 7 consain 'údal is Ni guth Guttai 7 consain maith and. 11 : Sg. O'Mulc. is i Cid ara 380 n-eabairt guta guth shet. *^ no guthetait L. edaidh E. suthi E. Coitchind di Indles fein. uair fotha. iv. uair guta M2Sh. ar ni set Caide ruidhles 7 dileas 7 coitchind 7 indles in íocail is guta? a Ni ansa. sain L. taitnemacha E. . ni .

Why singular did he say vowel and consonants. Improper it however.. is a is foundation voice the words. they expresses it express it. foundation.. for it itself is not a path What of the path. is owing and to the smallness of its sound by hard. itself.e. per se syllabai)i faciunt. Why is did he say a vowel a voice foundation. principal for the alphabets were who was a sage in the three tongues even before he came from the North. ignorance not good. the vowels are those that are pronounced by themselves and alone form a Consonants. voice foundation.e. delicate their sounds. con- sonants. common.e. they sound along with vowels i. i. voice by itself Proper to it. scantily sounding itself. bright sounds : consonants i. and it does not find a voice is through Why did he say a consonant sound with the it sounding along with. a voice. peculiar. chance.e... a voice path. or i. . or a vowel for the voice is a voice which they utter. Fors. since the consonant does not itself or with its vowel ? Query. as Fenius said.. Not that is hard. no foundation itself. - 29 they make a voice in place : or they in respect that voice comes through them sunt i.. since vowel consonants is plural ? Not Vowels and is consonants proper there..e. for i. vocalise. proper.e. nt Donatus et dixit : Vocales quae per se profenmtur syllable. for to it. knowledge of is is unallowable.e. i.e..THE PRIMER voice place. : sounding or together.. Peculiar to it. Common in to i.e. i. beautiful sounds.e. from the word consonantes.. what is of the first the comparison of the unallowable part of Primer? better. did he say when is not a foundation in itself ? Why alphabet was a selecting at Tower not begun. i. and improper word vowel? it since finds voice for it Not hard. to itself. alone. Why are did he ? say a vowel.

Fidh 7 ae Funo a dualus foghair fedh ae as fotha 7 caitchend do fidh saerda J do fidh aicenta -i- fotha. 395 39« Í09 nae caingen •i. ''^^ ''"' dorimthar E. in« B. \s Fidh áidúí ondi as /uno \- fograigim íliid : no ondi ficndauientwn fotha J sin •{ is coitchend do saerda J fo fidh aicenta in bunad fiindanientuin.in caingen remund 7 i[n] nai inar ndiaid •'v L. -i- Cet- doichnedh doichnedh augdair -i- cet-dichnedh ind Auraicept[a] sund -i- A cet-i- for ar in focul : A chet-dichneadh dno epe 390 tepe in focul fadesin.30 I BB. for suidiu fid -i- Pedha fidh fid fidh 395 J fid immorro. dorimter da gne fidh aicenta. 3i8a28 AURAICEPT E 22 a 17 ndAchia immorro 7 arrichta aibgitrz in domu[i]n. i-i- Atat dano di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin in oghaim feadha in 7 taebomnai. 392. aga fhaghbail L. •'•'^ teibe \n fccail E. forsin mbethi luis E. auraicept B. Ingnad cidh fodera na da bunadh icon fid saerda 7 aenbunadh icon aicenta {•funo J fundanientuni ? J fundanientum a dualus 405 -i- Ni ansa. cia dichned B. saerdha aicenta Fid sserda -i- inn oghaim J na caille. yE ailes dno aei cein ic mbis me«mai?í. ind ui E. ceim B. oguim E. *«8 ^«^. uair itat coic J ae ae as and -i- as ailes J íe -i- chanas i aiges J ior mides suides. i fora. 7 Fotha dno a airbert sserda fid aicenta. fectair E. Fid sserda immorro feghthair da gne do bunad [(pwvéw]. oca. Dano i da n-ui in sein -i- uea caingen in« caingean forsin beithi-luis-nin in ogaim oguamma : no forsin bitheolus litterdha 'mn oghaim. J chanas ica gabail J aighes 389 •'9'' 7 7. 6 g^^ E. . Fid áono etí?r do 400 edh a inde et^r saerda J aicenta.

wood. ae that judges. i. epe. that da n-ui. then. that the question is. are there. two of them.e. they Fidh. artificial As wood tvvo kinds are reckoned tree. is artificial and Foundation. ae that nourishes. N-ae is question. both ever. knowIedge of the Ogham.. i. howIt is its use.. sound. wood. invented the alphabets of the world. Fid.fedh ae. to wit Its first doichned ar is the word i.e. wit. and fundavientum. meaning. to artificial is and its natural wood. extent of them.. tepe the word itself There da are. and ae is that sits. Not hard. that \s. the tree of the the forest. or that of the perfect alliteration. since five forms of ae are sings.. Its first dichjied. wood.e. ae that ae ae that that sues. to tree. the Beithe Luis Nin of the Ogham. and ae that sings giving and ae that sues while . two i. is. tree and natural .: THE PRIMER and there are no sages without alphabets. were first 31 In Achaia.e. in existence. Ogham regards and natural artificial the tree of As wood. Dano n-tii. then. •i- vowels and consonants. two questions on ind oguamma vowels. moreover. first is The doichned and the : dichned of the Primer here for^ that is. of them. Funo in respect of sound. in respect of foundation and fundamentum and common to artificial and to natural wood is foundation. cutting of author. at while it. is. Now. tion. common natural. again. is from the word fimo i. and that derivais fundainentuni. divisions in the Beithe Luis Nin of the Ogham. is i. \fpwvi<a\ I the word fiindamentuni. to wit. on the undying literary to fedha. or from are regarded as having two sorts of origin. Now nourishes. both as to fid. . Artificial tree. moreover.e. artificial and strange what makes the artificial wood have the two derivations and the natural wood one.funo. it on the mind.e. foundation. then. good law natural. to \\\t.

^'^ - aipgidil H.3i8a48 7 AURAICEPT ^ midheas ima loigi. «» bid L. L. Freagra du breithir tug isin 420 in íocaiV sin. .fedha 7 forfedha 7 tri aicmi i- tri a[s] sedha -i- na tri foilcheasta in.7. toba namma E. na«ma ^^^ B. p amair E. .z ogaim -i- ^.fedha 7 forfedha 7 Cuin as aiccmi na txho?nna 7 na x feadha airegdha. 2. «'^ frecra duaichnigh E. ''" focol. roraidh : Fregra du aicniud immorro tuc intan Atait da ernail forsin beithi-luis in ogaim. [AJhuile. ar ni do ta. Cuin as deda-i-feda^taibomna. na tsebomna. Cid dia n-ebairt tsebuaim n-ui ni fil taebuaim 415 n-airchedail„'air int airchetul inna n-ecmais na na n-omnadh -it^hojnna.32 BB. Cuin choicdi -i. tasbomna. 4» teibigter L. Huath cetumus samhaighthir b : is : asbert in Laitneoir ed fhuilleas b co ngeib greim p amal b cum aspiratione pro p ponitur -ifuilk. /3) omnai toba damna iarsinni teipiter -i- damna focul eistib. is Cuin as treda • sení/a in beithi ? Cuin 425 Niansa. foceurta E.. a 35 cuinchidh a lloige laighedh 7 ae meit no imma 410 suidheas iar n-icc a •i- Tíebomnai taebuaim n-ai omnadh na bit -i- do thaebaib na -i- fidh n-aireghdha biit -i- no do thaíbhaib na nno . Cuin as ceathair -i. 422 "" n-ui L. E.h.bhaib bit acht rempu ndamna immorro. Cid ara n-ebarthar do tsbhaib no 'na ndhiaidh na feadha. a ruidhles Itat da ernail forsin -iaibgitir Latindai intan roraidh aibgitir Latinda. ta2b-(col. ndubairt L. : '^•' bid L. cu tinfiudh ar p conid ar is p 4iO cuindgidh a loigi E. ^^^ centar E. is e Toba isna íodaid bit na tffibomna.j f'/§^'^ f -i- fO Cuin a[s] seachta [-i-] teora fuilti ind Auraicepta huath 430 7 forsail 7 arni«.

wood they from the are fact or that taebomnai.'for there n-ui.. is. The w^hole of it When Vowels and consonants.e. forsail. Taebomnai. so that p ponitur. is expression. Why did he say taeb poetry. however. consonants. It increases as the Latinist said : b till b cum it acquires the force of p. . increases it. which he gave when he said There are two divisions in the Beithe Luis of the Ogham. and H i. Why for it is it said of the sides of the oaks. that is. side seam of them or to the sides of the oaks they are. When is it seven things ai-7iin. but before or behind the words that the consonants are? is them in Cutting of material.e. When is .. diphthongs. When the is it five Vowels.. composite letters of ? When is it six things? The three the Ogham ng. X that is. When is it it two things things it ? ? three is Vowels. no poetry without the consonantsV i. things? principal When things ? four The three groups of the consonants and the ten vowels. THE PRIMER askíng the reward for its it. There a correspondence to a : : is the Beithe Luis one ? Not hard. Tíie three additions to the Primer. taebuaim n-ai. that the peculiar meaning of that word which he gave Ín the Latin alphabet when he said There are two divisions in the Latin alphabet. aspiratione pro p. diphthongs.e. and three groups of the consonants. cutting of is material. is not at the sides they are. first. and consonants. 33 greatness or its and ae that consíders about smallness. that side harmony of the vowels.. qu. It was a correspondence to nature. material for the words uaiin is cut out of them. and ae that sits after being" paid his reward. Forsail the second C . however. h. b with p is aspiration is put for h is for the aspiration of the Gael.. sr. to the sides of the chieftain i.

ut Donatus dixit Senmiocales sunt que per se ^^"^ arragar E. ii. E. Sg. ut est uingi [is] 7 cuing 7 cingit In baile mbia s ria d straiph as scribtha and amal ata st an stial. a tuistidi ina ndiaid do suidib.. no lethguthait no lethguth[sh]et no lethguth fotha : 7 ni hiarsan[n]i co mbad leath gotha co cert nobeith . 19 461 nach at L. «8 frisna soinib E. 5 *^2 : : : : . nin ria ngort is ^"^. **^" 4-" cen col cert leth T. ut Priscianus dixit : Non qui demediam partevi habent deoriim uel uiuorum sed qui i pleni dii uel uiri non sunt -i- cia raidhiter iarum lethfir 7 lethtii ni arsinni bhatis [dii] leithfir no batis lethfir dii 460 acht n2. legtreoraid no lasin -i- leat[h]anthoirnidh leth -i- lethguttai 7 450 . 5 *4 nida comlana E. a tuistidi rempu. 9. 368. in oguim E. nocon iarsindi batis E.^ cenannan. intibh acht nad roichet lanfoghur unde Priscianus dixit Quicquid in duas partes diuiduntur altera pars dicitur 455 semis ndibh randaib.22^55 tinfedh in Gaedhil. In baile a rreagar a leas da thaebomna geibidh greim indala n-ai arnin. raiter in -isecip ni fodhlaidir dara rand gu rub leath. na. ngiadar E. Lat. ut est cuileand ']r\.E. «1 fodoceardad diar E. In baile mbi c ria 440 i n-u baili is i queirt is scribhtha and. "» Laitneoiraid E. Gr. is gedul i[s] i scribtha and.lasin litertreoraidh no lasin tai 7 mutti. leathgutaid no lethguitedh E.: 34 BB. is straiph L.ceirt 7 gedal 7 straiph.. luíti T. cumang Arnm. oghaim -i.ic B. 7rl. ut est ceand Tri foilcheasta 'mn 7rl. ar ni bhi eamhnad in n-ogam. is fedha forin son dia fot amal ata sron. * Is amlaid sin na : leáthghuta nida[t] comfhocrtz7. In mbi n ria g 7rl. *-'2 luthguth E. slog e in tres fuilled.da firdedail á\diu forsna consaiwib cumaidhi lasin Laitneoir -i.] in fuilW eile. 3i8 i3 20 AURAICEPT Forsail [is £. i- Da earnail forsna consainib laisin Laitneoir lethgu. ^^ fodladir E.ch at comlana. ^-'^riatE. iv.445 Inna lethgutai ceatamus. Boheir 435 /rl. **" ngeta. muitti. In muite immorro. lethgutai gotha focertad dia fograigud no luithguith. *" stan 7 E. ^^^ Gr. Da ernail dno -i. e L. Lat.

Three composite letters of the Ogharn ng. Similarly the semivowels are not : full sounds. est. Arnin is the third addition. or . and sr. that half . Where [of two consonants are required. semivowels and mutes voice is semivowels. ut step. then. an ounce. The mutes. e. etc. they is Where s stands before d.. but that they are not complete. it is is queirt that to be written it is there. etc. divisions. s/og.e. Where n there. Where c stands before u. whatever thing is it be that to is divided two qui parts. is straipJi that is to be written there.THE PRIMER addition. or the reading guide. the belt.however. one of the parts : said be a half appellavius ut Prisciamis dixit Seviideos et seniiviros non dimidiani partem habent deorum vel virorum i. Two in the wit. is aiileand. stammering voice or half-voice : or half-voice it way or half-voice foundation and it not because would be half a voice exactly that would full stand in them. thus called half-men and half-gods. etc. etc. for there is no doubling exist. a it yoke. though they are it is not because the gods might be half-men.g.g. It 35 it adds a vowel power to the sound to make long. ceann. qu. but that they do not reach a Priscianus dixit : tone . according to the letter guide. arnin takes the force of one of them. or half-men gods. Ogham.e. two true separations common consonants according to the Latinist — to . the thrown . to wit. stands before g. altera i. or the broad marker — that is. etc. to be written uingi. to the Latinist. such st in stial. cingit. letters] in e. is. gedul that cui?ig. unde Quicquid in duas partes dividitur.. as srdn. There are two divisions in the consonants according semivowels and mutes.have their parentvowels following them. out in order to sound them place is . sed qui pleni dii vel viri non sunt. pars dicitur into seinis. The semivowels íirst. to wit. ut Donatus dixit Semivocales sunt quae per se . their parent vowels before them. .

^ ^ : : : ^ "*" airisin B. iv.: roseichestar E. a focus E. 25 Sg. cid dat. only L. hacarb E. om. •\- atat na nahi dourgabtar expellit treothu -i- Qui\c\quid asperum dicitur auditus Muiti a foghur friu . ^^^ morsen B. Cid ara n-ebairt tiwnscital. no moite na gotha a mbeith maraew -i- no onni as inutus amlabar 7 ni airsinni batis amlab(7. Lat. Doíiatus dixit : Unde mute {• mifhot/za dicuntur ut 475 se 7iec Mute sunt que per -i- proferuntur it et in per se sillabam non faciunt sillaib atat na muiti 7 e na denat 7rl.na feada L. 5*7 *^3 ^*™ iar fofis. ii. A tustidi 480 fis remibh [-i.ainm do mnai bailb T. 368. inarbanait E.' y di raith. lin.937 ^™ cid beacca L. ^^ daurgabadar E. ^~ ar ma B. ni gnath L. acht fil mad i roscichestar i«na menmain airisim fo áX\%ed gotha fo tosuch dligé-^ na leathguta fil do leis dheoidh 7 in consonata '**'" intib deoidh do chur uad 490 prius. maithia E.in lucht ota a tusmiud -i. ^^^ amlabur •i. Gr. asperuntur T. . 5 **^ na feda di suidib 'i. treothu fen 7 noco turcbait^r treothu -i- Na no in leathgutai chetamus cetna in cetna ae for seis -i- iar fofis no in cetna amus forsin n-asneis.. Na muiti isna feadhaibh immorro atustidi ina ndiaidh i suidhihh i- dlightheachaib. air itat a flioghuir intib cidh diat becca. A tustighthidi -i- -i- in lucht ota a teasar- gain no a ti«nscital a nguthaidhe. -i- mifothai no maitha no maidthi -i- bec caithte . Cor. i«narbaid int eisteacht 465 (319) secib ni raiter co hagarb. E. 22/3 17 quidem proferuntur leathghutai non faciunt fen. a tustidhe 'na ndiaidh maso thustidhi ni ail uair 485 gnath in tindscedul fo dheoidh. ut dicitur E. ut Priscianus 470 dixit : Informis inulier dicitur non quia caret forma sed est -i- male formata atberar in bannscal dodheilb 7 ni iarfui-rri V sinni seachmallas o dheilbh acht midhealb nama. do churu T. sofhis *" -i. Gr. 1. is Is amlaidh sin iarum na muiti nidat nemfograigh acht terc fogur intibh tantum.6 BB. ^'^^ ar tus E. Ni hedh eimh as ti/mscedul -i- dosum sund íe ar ma[d] tustidi in etir.tait L.]. sup. ^^^ roseachastar L. 9.dona haibedhaibh 7 dona caingnib T. Lat. indti L. '^^ consonacta E. 318/3 49 et AURAICEPT per se sillabain E. no mette.

the hearing rejects whatever thing spoken roughly. hefore them.e. or sonorous. Thus. science for learning . . last ? That certainly that parent vowels should be the beginning at all. and not because they would be Mutes.. speechless altogether. or feeble ones.e. flrst. the mutes are these letters which do not selves. i. ut Donatus dixit Mutae sunt quae i. of the semivowels should and the consonantal law that in them to the last should be uttered forth first. in the proper vowels. according to good knowledge or the first knowledge or Their parent vowels the first hit upon the mention.. foundatíonless.THE PRIMER quideiH proferuntur sed per se syllabain non faciunt..e. semivowels the first . the law of voice which is at the it beginning remain with is to the last.e.e.. since is is not usual that the beginning not his intention here. i..e. little spent is its sound the vowels when they are along with them or from the word mutus. therefore.e.e. i. Whence they : are called niutae. make a syllable by themetc. bad foundations.. ut Priscianus dixit : Inforniis diciiur est forniata. The i.. i. those whence is their deliverance or their origin. 37 i. The mutes on the other hand have their parent vowels after them. i. but only because she has an ill shape. the semivowels are those that are pronounced auditns by themselves. Quicquid asperuni dicitur is expellit. and are not pronounced by themselves. Their parent vowels.e. their vowels. i. . for their sounds are in them even i. the mutes are not soundless but a scanty sound is in them tantuni. nec pcr se proferuntur nec per se sjllabaní faciunt. i.e. it beginning be is parents. i...e. or weighty.e... Why if did he say the parent vowels are after them. i. but that science wiU be perceived in his mind. speechless.e. or the greater i. when they niulier are small.e. . is non quae caret fornid sed quae viale is a woman called unshapely not because she devoid of shape..

la saine guthaidi L. : deidenfuach E. 7 a ndeidenach fuach chor ai int shuadh -i. 40^4 . 3i9a24 AURAICEPT 7 E. ''"*' sin Ed. . per aiiastrop/ieti Sg. ""^^ ^o*^ nir ba hurusa denam na coingne E. fobíth soíre ceneiuil innangrec Sg. no nir . and toisech doairisetar E. ''^ litt- lit- da L.remib dona ar lethguth<'í'z<^ 7 ina ndiaidh is dona muitib : acht ata acht leam la and cheana in<r/ se 7 ed robo em airechtain suad -i- sen co mbad do 505 rosechastar ina menmain in guth fil isin leath- guthaibli no-airisí'í/ lais fo dheoidh. 4*^8: Gr.nir bu em £e aireic i. dicitur: Oinne \Q. *^^ robo. -i- lasin ngaeth dul . sleisim L. Lat. na nGrec Ar Jit sechem G. icon Laitneoir Ni ansa.^istrofen 1 a ainm le sin -i- traide den impsoud 7 -i- 510 amal ata comtis 7 co mbadh huili nobeith and.: 38 BB. -i- -••'^ nir ae •i- nirbem 50Í 5"" ba heimdei airig son aircdi son E. muiti muiti amal Cid ar mad (-i- fearr inas) leis-sium quam filet a ? mbeith suidibh 7 leathg?//<^ robatar ar ni . omne bonum postponitur -"*-' air nir -i- bud L. has ata he/ore robatar ^^® lethguth. impoud '^^^•^ E. acht ata E. 16.\i%utai la is roba do 515 Grecaib do Feinius no dno ar uaisli uird uile priusponitur. : impodh T.remib 7 ina ndhiaid -i. B. aireachtain suad son bo imuca urasa soon no nir bo uca immorro soon lasin nGaedel no nochor bo reim . 22 /3 41 Nir bu immaircidi son lasin nGsedel. "0 perinistrophen E. -i- lasin fear iga raibi in 500 remibh 7 mad aicneadh no ar mad se gnithi doibh duna \^\^%uthaibh 7 dona muitibh a ngotha -iina ndiaid -i. im gothaidhi dul gseth diblinaib .E.\. om. v. ar doib dib linaib a nguth remib mbad aicnead ina ndiaid air is ed rob imaircidi la suidi co mbadh an toseach doairesedar lais 7 an dedhinach du chur uadh conid muiti uili 495 nir bo beithi-luis-nin in oghaim acht feadha nama son no nir bo eim im(airgidi seon) -i. treded L.in taebomnai do chor ar tus conod miacht feadha ait labartha in bitheolais litterda in ogaim : nama per i. 309.rc. : conad imatt E. n co a mbad mbith ne nobeth and. ®" B.

a e. their vowels before them and after in i. per anastrophen quickness of the turning.. with the man who had the wise or that it might course that it should be nature . so that the Ogham Beithe Luis Nin were all mutes save vowels only. In order to follow the Greeks. with the wise satirist. was not a choice. . them. however.THE PRIMER 39 The Gael did not think that appropriate that the nature of them both shoxild be to have their vowel before them and after them. the consonants should be put so that it may name not be a misplace of speech of the undying knowledge of the Ogham there prefer it : save vowels only. 1. to wit. or again it is on account of the nobility of the order of the Greeks. for there are no semivowels with them. to wit. that was not indeed a cause of finding or that was not indeed a sage's finding or that was not an easy choice or that that should remain firm closing . that was not appropriate. so that becomes and n becomes mutes ne. . to wit. to wit. before them in the case of this the case of semivowels and after them : mutes but there is a doubt with me there still.e. as they were with the Latinist Not hard. is the for that. be a matter to be done to them both. i. to vvit. and it was in truth a sage's finding with him so that which he foUowed in the in his mind. before i. as le.g. in the opinion of the Gael . omne bonuni postponitur . to wit.e. to the semi- vowels and to the mutes... semivowels should remain firm with him to the their last and as word should be put the first sage's Wnowledge. . them and after them. was the course the vowel which exists last. and Fenius was a Greek . Why ? should he them to be all to their being semivowels and mutes. or there was not a course with respect to a vowel. for this he thought appropriate that it should be the beginning of them with him and that their vowel should be put away. ut dicitur : Ouine uile priusponitur.e.

Is Doi-far[r]aidh don. 539-42 ^f. E. A tri i- ferinnsci / baninnsci 7 demhinsce 7 lasin nG-aidel mascul i femen 7 neodar lasin Laitneoir.fo feghthair B. lir i- innsci dochuisin la Peni ( i- ifíw che). íít dicitiir 545 Ceand mna romannair mo mod. : urland E. : lasin nGoidel. Ise in - íq asberar Pedair dno deiminnsci for ferinnsci no baninsci intan is ed a cheann sechis ceann flr on no mna. : : ' : " : : •''Ji' . /3) E. J 525 in Cest. romaimair B. Intan feadair a hinsci choir fuirri Ni imaircidi immorro eturru intan feadair i Innsci for a n-aiU ferinsci for Tbaninnsci n-aei. . Nocechrainn cach faehnacan Fer nad fintar gu gcluinnter.: : 40 •i- BB.' Da ba misi E. cechthuir n-ái T. a tri urluimi indsce hic hec hoc ise isi ised i- ise in fear. Isi in chorr cid reil nos-rel. eter indoi T. Nosdeochratar i- Cest. isi in Ibhean. granum sin E. . 520 Ni ansa. mindtán I " E 346-9 fir oin E. E. •^^ •^28 ^•'' ''^ ''•^ •^•«* •'-'1 ^ '-'^ '"^^ s-'-' inscni E. graindiu L. '^»" ni himaircidh T. 135 a w. Ise in mintan cid banen. lar n-aicniudh. nos-raeil E. -'^nos-reil B. HM.535 Slancheill chein duib. romandair E. ised in neam. E. Pedair isi in dno gabur baninnsci Isi in for fearinnsci intan asberar gabuir uair is each. ni deilm ndil. O'Mollov Gr ii6 "o meidlech L. cuin immairigh eter in innsci duil dia n-innisin ? Ni ansa. imaric E. mo mogh E. margin. gluinnter B. Gaidelc (c added later) B. fo muin L. -i. a muindter. ed ceand is grannium sain Do 520. ni charíhuinn nach felmacchám T. «-e urlaind L. : cluindter L. dia n-indis L. : gluindtear E. 3i9a5l AURAICEPT (col. 23ai samaígthir gach ndereoil Innsci tra cis ar tus 7 gach sainemail co forbu. no baninsci Peadair for ferinsci no deiminsci for neachtar em 530 ferinsce for haninnsce intan asTberar ise in sa. E. 9 neoch fil for muin fo nim. No ceachiaind cach fealmacan L. cechtar L. caide deochair eturru ? Ni ansa. ut dixit poeta : banmhac- Dia mbadh missi in banmacan. ^ gabar E. neumíur E. cechtair n-ce. gabur cid meighleach.

masc. between them when one gender may be applied for another. masciiline.. it. and neuter gender with the Gael. she. for fem. . or fem. and neuter with the Latinist. masculine. it man she. may The The The The be used for masc. called she : not discovered till he is heard of.e. diífer.. to wit. has gained ground.. i. he. Query. it she. ut dixit poeta : should love every young student that is . hoc . Perfect sense for a while to you.. however. he. Now is masc." no matter whether that one is a man's head. when if it when the horse is gabur gabur heron is is is she. the heaven. or a woman's. when is there harmony between the gender to describe and the element its is them ? is Not hard. Their three leading words haec. is It is the most horrible Of any on a neck beneath heaven. though a female Also neuter gender may be used for masc.e. be bleating. titmouse he. were a female child. the woman it. is. itself. every distinguished thing to conclude. when a íemale child called he.e. or neuter for either of them. A man Also fem.e. applicable to proper gender by nattire or fem. gender when it is said "it is his head. Query. what is the difFerence are Now genders. for masc. 41 every mean as to thing is placed first. how many (i) there the Irish? (that gooseberry \vay). is though clearly reveals bird.. i. feminine. may If I I be used for fem. it is a horse. THE PRIMER i. to wit. Not hard. no dear sound. with Not hard. hic. O people. When There no harmony. Three of them. nt dicitnr A It woman's head that has destroyed a head that which that is my work. i.: . the . feminine. among them? of gender he. .

airlapra no radh T. in cloch iar sserdataid.] -i- no ba ferinsci fir 852-5 nama : Baninnsci dno baninnsci no buan innsci no bonen^zinnsci no bona : scientia S53 RC. : HM.i. lanamna deme 7 Scothegna Laitne. Samail a dealba ca« chleith Ealbha ingine Idhaidh . 572 Indis cíe E. dorEe uaind E. 22 caemchucht L. Tr.nu E. tuisimter E. 576 fo erindsci L. huile.624 tusimther L. 135 a 42 '^^ Gr. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium / o 565 • / ba deme chena aicneadh na 7 dno deminnsci a ferinnsci no a baninnsci.: gaphur si T. : caemucht E.23a23 Fedair is i dno baninnsce for deiminnsce intan asberar 550 in chloch. Duepenar Doepenar dno ferinnsci 1 baninnsci a deiminnsci. E. b. xx.1.scientia (-i. firenninnsci no ferdha fir [bis indsci in -i- L. 264 lithar rolass E. 571 indscid oracio no sciencia T. v. 560-3 HM. 319/3 27 AURAICEPT E. 12 '""^ gaibthi L. ^"^ gan clith E.d' iarra/a' indsci cugumn T. •"« derg daigi E. lar srethaib suadh in senchas Is Is ed onn i iar n-aicneadh ail. a airbert . bra.: gabthai E. 566.: 42 BB. 135. Doepenar L. Innische a in«e -i- innisiu iar caei iar conair conar inn 7 -i- ceangar : tra -i- -i- dorrae tri -i- cucunn no durae uaini -i- asneis. forsm B.bá fir L. amal na ^^ ata isna /rannaibl^. 57:í uand L. Is fris samlaim a caemtucht. sencas E. lith rolas. Perinnsci immorro forinnsci 575 no innsci no ferr no fo[f]herinsce no inda innsci na mmna bis. Insci -i. Lat. in bith T. .i' dorrói -i. no 7 tra a na tri hinnsci -i- ferinsci baninsci firinnsci deiminsci. 550 fil. 5o5 Is e in daigh d^rg dighdi dath Frisna geibthi cath na cith Is ed ceand is chaemu cruth .t 160. immorro.ecna) a bunadh tuisimar. 560 Fri goir ngreni glaine ar gurt. L. ^''^ ban fir B. I Cor. trath . Fail gu mbruth forsmbroeniu bith. 8 159. ut dicitiir: Is he in lia. Mad iar n-urd choir na ndula. '"'''' : _ : : : . '^'^ Fhidhuigh T. . 7 it he sin na deime tebede 7 ^'" a ngeni-se. a airbert. ingeine Idaig E. 56. i : .

according to nature. Masculine gender however.. there is no term of masc. and neuter gender. go of from them. conar. masc. it were fcmale gender. or lasting gender. or better than the woman gender. Speech-way. or fem. meaning.. true.e. ut dicitur The flagstone is he. a rock. Of Elba. gender save for what generates or for what is generated and neuter were else the nature of the whole. however.e. knowledge. woman i. that is.. A A block stone is it. is According to the threads of sages the history . are '^ftj^ derived from neuter. again. .e. or only that gender. on the other. as it is in the v er ses. Against which will not prevail battle or shower . daughter of Idad. from their pairs.. use. manly gender. along the path is : which it tra. is.. that the saying or tra. let it come unto . distills. that us.e." a prayer of colours. the three the three genders. Speech that is Word-wisdom. added gender. i. or or male gender. scientia. On the one hand neuter gender is derived from masc. or true gender. gender 43 may be used for neuter gender when a stone is called she. To a bright sun's fire on a field Thereto I liken her beauteous shape.e. and fem. i. without concealment. a feast that has flamed.. from a Latin its : root. or let a narration along the way. . and fem. Peminine gender. or goodman gender. place whereon with a glow the world The likeness of her form. fem. and these '^jwf^ are the derived neuters and the neuter couples and ^-n^íf' . A A head is " it " of fairest form. is she according to is The red flame " he. i. its trodden us. it is. is. If it be according to the proper use of the elements. or man gender i. masc.: THE PRIMER Also fem. artificiality.

23« bis 42 no (320) fo Demindsci dno -i. . : i i no a bhel na mna 7 is neamgnathugudh amal •i- cail gotha fodera sin -i- ni ni acht atat na focail berlai na athgenwmar 7 io^men 7 nit binde lenn uair nis-gnathaigem. £. Femen dno •"'*^'' feme "*' •'*"' Demindscean L. no deiminsci ita : no in insci dem -i- is onni as dcm[o] -i- dighbaim no dibeo insce dimbeoaighthi ni hinnsce sluinnes du biu. m-i Erland. lasin -i- Mascol 7 neod. Cuin is erlun. : ''^'' ^"'^ ""•' ""•'" '"^ asbere E. suil na mna. 2ÍÍ est. erlaind nach at inunda •i. 17 •imasculina.- Laitneoir -i- nias fear cul comet . L. Is etargaire dno et^r (hemeu fri 7 mascul insin n-aili is no is etargaire intan deifriche neach' co n-anmai. dimbeo L. dabse E. sairda. Origg. is e neam. nad athgenam T. air ni erlond is sed. is eterscarad E.deim fuirri in fir innsci na mna.: : 44 •i- BB. fri comimaircide na n-epert faillsiges it Erlonn inund eter da erlonn nach fri inund se no an 595 sed. Priscianus dixit perfectani 590 Oratio \^ué\ or^di^natio congrua\_ni\ -i- dictionnni \n in sententiani deniostrans ata innsci cei][l] -i- ordugud foirbthi. is e in fear : /rl.3i9^5i dagfis AURAICEPT innsci insci.// a athar senrud. Deminnsci is aicnid. dosbere L. ii.A. •"*^ sfls.^ ? Is erlon?^ em intan dosb^^re fri a 585 n-aill. L. is e in fer is i ferinnsci saerda. Gr. earlond acht is remsuigugud E. 28 Sg. mo fis col L. xi. 26 » orat«í B.og) Laiine E. 2. : : masco- Jonium masculdo T. ''O^ ni gnath E. : cail E. : : : : : isi fri se s gser E. in in bean : baninnsci saerda. ed an neam deminnsci aicned etigh. cal coimet L. femer •!• feme Grece. 6. is i Baninnsci aicnid.si fri fri si no fri sed E. deif^rge E. 53. '''^ Lat. E. dosbi H. Aicneadh caem and 7 Aicned cíEmh cetumus is a sron no a Aicned n-eitigh immorro. largo (. 580 no deme -i- insci. da no fri sedh T. ^^ cen L. : Ferinnsci aicnid. : no onni 605 comfhiscol is moo -i- a fis 7 a col quani col na -i- mna no femder is -i- niasculinus '*^ mascuHni. is chloch. Innsci intan asberar ?// e nama gen est eraill maille fris. na haichnemair E. nat athgenmar L.^. doem insgi furri E. is remshuidiugud. iirdibrtí/ fuirri in dede reomuiníí T. : : dobere L. is a fhiacail 600 ed in ceand.

with no other along est ordinatio congi'ua with him. is \. leading word ? Well.. woman's gender is Neuter deino^ gender.e. is with it his is father's name said he onIy. feminine. that dark gender or darkness gender or from the word i. Beautiful There nature beautiful nature : and ugly nature.. When when etc. There then a comparison between the fem. or the deni digbaini.mQ.e. lust. keeping : or coni-fis-col knowledge.e. dark gender on i. i. when it else. and neuter with the Latinist. i. "she" is he " is the heavens. again. sed not erlonn. it is scientia. artificial Natural neuter speech. it is it erlonn. " Natural masc. ut est. " the head. nature on the other hand It his tooth or his Ugly mouth that — the is. Masculine. is i. gender erlonn inanimate. for erlonn is that are not the s2. et major ejus . nias. woman's . from any one Speech.e. ut Priscianus dixit : Oratio dictionuni perfectanique sententiani denionstra?is.. a language which we do not know. or gender of the man that the is. . we do not think them sweet because we do not use them. feminae luxuria from the word masculine. male.THE PRIMER or bona scientia. that is. and the it masc. and or cuí... he is the man. to wit. speech. niajor ejus niasculijtus. as are the words of a i. good knowledge. is not a gender that applies to quick.e. Erlonn is the same between two fri se ox fri sed .e. nothing but want of use. "he" is the man : artificial masculine speech. artificial Natural feminine feminine speech^ is the woman: "she" is : the stone. qíiani i.e. and quality of voice causes that. her. I deprive it : or unliving gender. it is an anteposition. speech an appropriate order of the words that shows the perfect sense. speech. there or is a comparison when it differentiates especially.. 45 inferíor to the is. it is refers is : to another thing.o v^\\.. "it" it " is the heaven is neuter speech.. eye — the is first It is her nose or her : woman's.

amal asbeir Uraicept Cetheora mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda. no íemen quasi fciner is a feniore femiir -i- no fem^w and is ben-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait no maitnechas nnde feniina de flescda no 610 maithchnechas dicitur .: : 46 BB. Cest. -i- E. viii. I. -i- Nasslointi -i- a iii remslonnudh : rempu -i- riasna hinscibh ise isi ised acht ata urlaind sin a tindscedul a nd-edargnu remsluind dona foclaib ina J masc//l / ndiaidh . Origg. indesend E. lan femder didiu -i' og. Ni ansa. Deithbir L. dia shliasait B. ^^ iUud. / insce femen neutur tuicthear trethu. no is onni ^. der Graece for lan. cuin Etardheilighther dno eter na imaric (-i- tri cuin as aenairectain suad) eter in insci J in duil dia n-innisen? choir fuirri. -i- ^'^ immricc E. Lat. inde E. 2. defrigidar a tri Caite deochair eturru urlundinnsci -i- Ni ansa. : a tetargnu -i- E. 2. 7 gser fogabair E. ^^^ nodefrigthar E.hnain. /3) ^'^^ filiaLatinel:. id est. xi. air . is is iUugud labartha banmac-sa -i- Deifir rainni. no neutur nec illud -v onni as neutrum neimhneachtardha nec masculinum nec femininum. : : xi.. lo6 •^**" foghnus T. 625 ingean o mnai Tusmiudh aicenta geine -i- -i- mac sceo tusmiud sairda fer o tha. ut J cuimri raid. Origg. i.23a63 Graece. 24 maithnechas B. cumra E. "i^ "'^ Origg. -i- fodhla saerdhatadh deifir rainde J tugait hináiusa J est. ^i" der Grec'ia. tuismiudh aicenta tuismiudh saerda. 21. uair nach -i- si no se Jioc . 62» defir 631 ^^s. ^^s : mana tuistimis T. 21 : iscistcoir E. isin ingin fil and din raind oigi e in 630 (col. 28 Gr.uirgo Latine Femdeir didiu •\- -i- ogh-ingen sHasat. 25. Intan fogabhar a hinnsci Acht do neoch dofuisim / o tuisimar atat da / thuismiudh and.ingen E.s feniinina^femina •{banda no banecoscda no bangnethach no bangnimach. 615 com[a]ircim. maitcnechas L. 615 L Cesc 6" a se remhsloindidh roslointi rompo E. nec Cest. 82. : : thach no maethcnesach E. Defir a indi E. remsluindte T. 2. 320a26 : AURAICEPT ander gach slan. feur E. fiescach no mrtothcnesach T. se no»H«at«r E. onni ? a[s] sciscor. -i- flesc Neudur -i- ni fetur cia cenel. 24 . ^os Qrigg. 620 cenelaibh. maithcneas tinde femina •!• deidecasc: . xi. : 'Í19 '^'^ ndeadarg 'i- L. 7.

i.fe?nina.e. is a pure virgin thigh. : grass. since it word neutrum. their i. neither the not she or he or neuter from the one nor other. est. to wit. '\. i. then. ut Amplifying Speech. then. enquire. before the genders. femininum.e. there are two generations. form.THE PRIMER Next feminine. ence of Part. Cause of Euphony. that the .feme in Greek.. a femore.. . that . ? Not hard.. Femdeir. it is then she i. and the (i.. to \w\t. in 47 to •w\\. when there agreement element for telling is them it. or womanly do not know what gender. a natural and an artificial generation. and Brevity of Terminology. but to • these leading words stand at the commencement is índicate the antedenotation of the vvords following them and masculine. or tender skinned i. I womanlv. artificiality. womanIy activities. all When its proper gender is found upon But of that generates and generated from. " he " is this female child.&. he. nec masculinum nec Cesc. is a woman qmim femori ejus servi- atur .. as Primer says it Great is the uselessness of the earth unless bring forth progeny.e.e. nec hoc nec illud. is among the three genders. daughter out of woman : an the artificial generation. is query. son and i. for ov femen quasi femer. when is there a philosopher's one invention) betvveen the gender. to wit. feminine.fem-der. tcirgo Latin : ainder every intact one.e.femur. out of the earth. hard. womanly deeds. from the worás femenina. Diíiferis.. unde femina dicitur . i. or contentiousness..e. Not Their three leading words of gender distinguish i.. A natural generation of birth. or or of it is a sheltered one.. Query. three antedenotations. Difiference There are four subdivisions of of Part. I VVhat difference among them ? i. them. and neuter gender through them. understood There is distinction. a root of fighting.. id est.e.one. is Neuter.e.e. or is... the is from word sciscor. de. she.e. or femen. denotations it : before them.

roinchar-ne. Btargaire derscaigti : . lugum-son L. rodomcarsum E. 7 Btargaire lug- llugh[ug]udh bec lugxim 7 lugusomh. rom-charabair-si. rot-char-su. a ngrad condeilg filid. e da modh labartha and modh n-aicenta modh sserdatadh. roduscarsum. isin ''^' Fhenacus E. is darignetar siat E. uindsi E. cf. sinni fadesin.possit 7 comparait 7 superlait lasin Laitneoir i. 7 ferr 7 filed. darigne.fothugudh 7 forran 7 formoladh lasin fllid maith 7 fearr 7 fearrson 645 etargoire meite i mmetughudh. darignisam. *'' *>-^ 335'5. Air : : it e E. darig- ensad. *'-^ ^ i ndersgnaigac/í/ E.in fer) xmnsi (í. ut esí. da urlabra Air 635 Cuimri raid. me faden. darignis. i etargoire persainni ngnim.4^ BB. ^ "'^ 8^'' Feineachus L. rusc immi 7 criathar arba uair ropad it emilt rusc im imim fil 7 criathar -i- im arbor do 7 i- rad. emilta. 320/3I AURAICEPT esf. Cor. is i e. rocarsom L. rom-car-ne. . Etargaire persainni i cessadh: rom-char-sa. Etargaire derscaigthi (-i- nderscugud i- maith 655 i ferrsom lasin nGsedel coitchend a n-ecmais in la fothugad : immorro 7 sidhe). "•'* gobur •{• solus cuimredh T. est. 650 cessadh. : romcaraisiu. rocharsom. i roscarsad. luguthi E.i[n] nem) etargoire in inchoisc persainni. etarlasin nGaedeal Etargoire n-inchoisc hi goire lughaghthe i lugugud.675 ^^ persainde E. : : siat-som fadesin. is ed a cend 7 liate in . rom-charthar. tu faden. Etargaire mete mmetugud haighthi i mor ^ioo : 7 moosom. transiated : dorignius E. 23/318 d' ai«m ban : Tucait bindiusa. ut in ghabair 7 eoch is ainm ut -i- goar file -i- solus isin Fenic[h]us (no isin Breatfris nais) co tuc in be ar tucait mbinniusa is : Hilugud : labartha. etargaire n-inchoisc persainni. uindse L..640 persainn. : HiUugud lugaide E. romcarni. which robar-carabar-si. darignesaih. he faden.in ben) onnar (i. L. i etargoire persainne i nderscugud i. persaind cetiimus unnse (i. ®'^ ''^^ uindse. Etargaire persainni i ngnim : darig- nius. / Secht n-eatargaire tra dochuisneat goiri in incoisc lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin i Etar. '"^ robarcarsi. sibsi fadesin. etc.

e. and the two expressions : more Iengthy a bark of butter. greatest. and least. ye they loved. the compara- tive degree of the Latinist is Inflection of named inflection by the active. that goar. and a the to say a bark corn. in inflection of person inflection of person in passive. for it were tedious round about butter. : comparative. he himself we ourselves. ye are loved. we are loved. sohis in the Feinechus. better. they themselves. they are loved.: THE PRIMER name steed. and best with inflection of greatness in increasing. are tit sake of euphony Amplifying est. : good. Inflection of distinction distinguishing. here is is the : man . Brevity of Terminology. tmnsi. good.. Inflection of distinction in distinguishing. ye yourselves. est. greater. For these are two modes of speaking that the natural mode and the artificial. I Inflection of person in passive am art loved. to wit. Inflection of meaning is in a person flrst : unnse. or in for the is the Welsh. and superlative with the Latinist foundation. best to with the : common Gael in contradistinction ever. thou didst. inflection of in meaning of a person. she is the gabaii\ is. that is. meaning of a person I myself. there are seven inflections. inflection of diminution in diminishing. D . ut sieve of corn . less. we : did. that is. here : the thing inflection of . aggravation. thou thyself. active did. to wit. he did. onnar. (i. he is loved. how- him). belaudation with the poet the Gael . Now poet. : diminution in diminishing small. and a sieve round about exist. is tit est. : Inflection of person in I did. so that : the poet put b to of Speech. arises : 49 is from the part of virginity which there in the girl Cause of Euphony. thou did. it her head. and it a name it for a white horse. with the poet it is foundation. here the woman . positive. meaning in a person. Inflection of increase in increasing Inflection of great. better.

^ edarghoiri -i- meid meid et Dedhe immorro bonus Is et vialus is i lasin Laitneoir in indi : -i- -i- Tiiagnus minus in Is meid. i. Cidh ar nach treidhi in condelg amal as treidhi lasin nGaedel 7 inni 7 inchosc? 7 inni naz/^ma is i in.50 BB. Origg. in grad L. Etargoire isinn etechtu ata uile ut est eis : isin sechtmad ernail tota 7 tota in sechta ita in \. etardeiligthi i treib E. Inchosc \mmo7'ro agon fhiHd. 320^28 AURAICEPT -i- E. 7 ata ^^ saigithi E. i ed a inni lasin nGaedel -i- -i- maith 7 675 olc \mmalle. Cidh fodera dosumh a radh a ngradh conde[i]lg lasin 680 Laitneoir is edargoiri a tri ainm laisin filid 7 ni fuil acht graidh condeilg lasin Laitneoir. ic : : ^ H. ''*'^ isin ectu E. 37.foglaim 7 sai fogluma hesium iarsani bid foglum aici ""i fel fogluim T. foglaim L. -i- Etargoire gair etardheilighthi treidhib in etargairi . E. 7 ani molais filed : no fili onni philosophus fellsamh ar dliged in 670 lasin Laitneoir guru fellsumh. go rob L.B. ^^ Ni cach etargoire B. ni condelg esz^fe etir lasin Laitneoir. Deighi '^"^ ^. guth -i- -i- 665 etarghnugh[ud] ghotha andsin no etargleodh iar ngleodh a íheassa etarru. a meid mor 7 beg : 7 is mor lais-j-ium/^ a mbeg i coneilg in neich is lughu. E. instechta ita in congaelg. i felsui E. repeats. ''''* esen L. acht condelg lasin (321) Laitneoir -i- ita etargoire lasin fiHd is etargoire derscaigthi i nderscugud. gach E. Cidh ar madh i condelg las-[s]ium posit? Ni ansa. Ar is as fotha. 13.i condeilg inn inne E. In chondealg lasin Laitneoir is etargoiri lasin fiHdh -i- filid li : fialsaighi no fialshuighi is : no -i- fi ani aerais. 23/343 Secht n-etargoire no is i[s] i soighthi dia mbe inna eolus -i- . is Ni cach etargoire is 685 condeilg 7 is cach condealg etargoire. •'"'' L. 660 saighthi dia -i- mbe n-aineolus. acht et pronomen uerbum.in condelg Pars pro 7 pro parte rand dar -i- na toiti in toiti i dar 7 eis na rainni. solgthidi ambse E. *''^ in beac L. 687 fotta E. tar es no toidi 7 in toit tar es na rainde E. •*'* comprait dombeir-sium arin coinneilg uile T. etardersgugud inderscnaigtech. inna eolus B. 7 atat secht n-etargoire ? icon fiHd Ni dia chutrumugud eim dosum dno. In . : ^ ^ ^ ^ E. etergleod •!• iar ngles •i« felsai A. •^^'^ etardheilighi B.

but every comparison with him a comparison ? inflection. him is say that comparative degree named inflection by the poet. with the Gael. or generous satirises.. great and is and with him the small is great in compari. i.gáir is voice. to wit.e. quantity and quality only. however. sitting or : fi. all.e.. inflection of distinction in distinguishing. i. is that is great and less.Q. is to wit.e. With the small Gael. : This is its quantity.THE FRLMER Seven it is 51 inflections. is Not every is inflection comparison. it whole and the whole for the part. poet. The poet's inchosc. to : good and bad. in the seventh part of the heptad tota et tota comparison. it and meaning? the quality Well.. i. prononien is with the Latinist not comparison at but et verbiini. i. Why is positive Not hard. that is. for the iit est : Pars pro pro paríe^ the part Etargaire. Inflection. or to be sought out whence whence he the whole is in ígnorance. as a triad inflectíon quality. . that which and be // that praises or fili from the word philosophus. owing to is the duty of the poet to not is Why comparison a triad with the Latinist.son with that which less.. that : is. generous seeking. quantity. it is it is to be sought out in his knowIedge . but that which ís inflection with the poet is comparison with the Latinist. and etargaire. isto beseparated into three. is two things. \. this its quality. signification. is that the quantity.. knowledge between them. with the Latinist wit. Ís i. good and bad together. seeing but three degrees of comparison with the and the poet has seven inflections? It is not indeed to equate them does he do so now.e.e.. however. What makes with the Latinist there are Latinist. is inflection The comparison of the Latinist poet : with the which filidh. philosopher. or interdecision. to wit. interpretation of the voice after the deciding of his there . a philosopher. it stands in the unlawful. to wit.

. acht fer tantuni. ut dicitur : unse uait in fer-sa saindriud cona anmaim. 7 amal ita alt 690 icon Gaidhel. airim fri E. taib insin E. A ceallgugan. ( ''S'' '^^ dersgnugud E. Condelg suin cen est ut est fil 700 bonus.: : 52 BB. a cenagain "^ Sluinde coitcend T. •'*' Prois cetamus. est Bid dno maith. § II03 709 errgugain E. ni derscaigt/íer Comparait immorro 695 conid airisin is derscaighidh di neoch. 32ia4 di. sech derscnaigit. 7 inaxinius ni bi in sin in condelg techta. niaior. bonissimus El. acht ata conidh fotha airim. ceilli Caite condelg cen son. ^^ Gseidiul.longa brab ifin H. gid la deecu arimt/zír iter saerda-. : comad airem E. 20 "'^ 708-ii Cormac. ut est -i- : Unus non fhil int a. 6 ceiwniuil B. '^' cellcucan a ceanngucan -i' a cinn gegain H. cidh la deochu adrimt//é'r. Sluind fes ceniuil immorro amal ata is is e 7 ni cia sainriudh. ut dixit poeta Unse chugut Maí in gillgugan.di E. . Origg. 30 Virg. : Ni derscaigh do di. ^^ Superlait didiu ni derscnaigthí?. boninius . T. iar Condelg suin is i 7 ceilH malle. persainraice E. 158. 7 ceilli moUe ? Condelg ceilli cen son. bonior. inderscnaidchi do ni E. 710 in fear. '"* ™'' deochairt^^. 7 ni dech fadesin. = Cenn Gécáin) CZ. Atiec.B. agad a cinngucan •i. íit : niagnus. 7 ?ít condelg suin donus. ""^ •'*' honisimus L. ''^^ : : : : : : : : : .n nunierus sed fundanientuni nunieri nochon co mbad airim. "'*' a E. viii. nobhiadh iar sun sain 7 "i ceill. iii. do L. iv. Lat. 23 13 63 derscughudh est unair. 7 tria saerdataid insin -i- int alt aicenta imniorro de posit Cid arnid ainm comparaíti doberat-somh forin condelg uili? Ni ansa. nocho fuil E. Poisit cetumus di. v. derrscugud de. 91. ut Deus. 7 condelg suin cen cheill.it dno. derscaigther ainm foriata in condelg. cid la deachu airmither L. est : nie/ior. ni : Superla.. derscnaigther E. Gr. fri huimif L. raragain T. Cidh fodera ind nuraair E. bid can B. 3. ara cindagain.\cefita amal aia prois E. ar breib T. AURAICEPT ut dicitur. 316. ''''^ t-alt a. ? Caite deochair eter se 7 uinse Uindse cetumus : sluind 705 persainni [sain]raidchi insin. Gr. ceiU. r[e]arrgugan Bid cach maith lat ar cingugan. optinius. i airmi L.

that is the proper comparison. bojiinius which might be according to to sound. sc. there. . íit nt dicitur. ít is What person is the difference betvveen he. not is The is comparative. to wit. bonior. Gael has it alt. tit Comparison of sense without optinius. and nothing to ut is cst. surpass it. the natural alt stands for Why to all is it not the name Not of comparative that they apply hard. est : honus. niaxinius. one not a number. and metrical foot as the itself. joint. surpassed by something.THE PRIMER Because it is 53 is that which it. and uinse. Have thou every good prepared for him. artificiality. is ut est niagnus. it surpasses. : Unus non is nujucrus sed fundanicntuni it nunicri. is that is for that reason comparison an inclusive name. as he ís is it the is and not known vvho in particular. but is basis is of number. The so superlative. it cst : bonus. Comparison of .e. sound without sense. is the foundation. comparison? Positive first : Now is it does not surpass anything. What comparison of sense without sound. is and not a though numbered vvith feet. though it does not exist according together. ?// niclior. Son of a dear littlc black-bird [Mac Lonáin]. however. Here comes to thee the dear little fellow. Yet there good. sense. here he is? Uindsc ?// 7it first : the denotation of a particular is. \Sé\ is it a denotation of gender. and there distinction for unit. however. and comparíson of sound without sense. Dcus. surpassed. and comparison of sound and sense together ? sound. but man a man . dicitur : here he dixit pocta : this man in particular. and that through positive. again. Dear little Cellach. : Comparison of sound and sense ntaior. a cst number is opposed to a a it cst i. with his name..

: uathad E. 26 "-" "•''^ deimnigthi. Is etecta ar ni maith int anfis.-tne. i 720 Cidh ar nar ba leor leis-[s]ium a rad me n-etargaire inchoisc persainne? Ni ansa. toimister E. /"^). Loc don libur-sa Emain 735 Mhacha. i Sluind -i- ceneoil amal ata ita etargairi persaind trit isin persaind fein a hinchosc J co n-aichniter ic sluind cetpersainde persainde tanaisti 7 tres persainde atat na hetargaire uili. "•'•' Pointt anait E. isechta E. ni ar B. Ferchertne I n-aimsir Conchobair mic Neassa. 24al4 is irlond conidh inwsci 7 conidh etargoire is intan J innsci is ac sluind innsci hís. Origg. 4: Gr.] uair egoniet. air is is dehgidi fri persaind a radh me fadein. fors is '""^ ferr a tis do« inas don fir '•"' na fit/> T. ann is etargoire intan in asberar inchoisc unse. ut est: Dulcius •\- Fogabar dno in comparait mare Ponti\c\um quam cetera 730 Condelc in etechta i[s] somillsi muir Point andat na muiri ar chena. in sin. ul 725 iniponendo egomet \ipse enini egofeci ~ non alius cuvi is dicitur egoniet L. 32ia26 AURAICEPT -i- E. "-" ata E. Finit Amen L. aithrigthir T. Lat. libcr. atberat e 715 in fer uair is erlond suidhiu. fit/r (/. lú^"'^ . in pronoinine : T. conar bo leor a radh demniti 7 dicituv : me cac/i co n-abair me fadein. . ^^'' oir is reimsluinne T. . 16. Persu do Tucait a denma du breith íesa faind 7 boirb for seis (col. rofit/. ii. -i- condelc in etechta á^no in cetna ernail in Auraicepta insin . dehgthi.54 BB. alt 7 indsci 7 etargoiri. uindsi E. Gr. rfif . íí. 590. clxxxiii. mba 8 •i' poisit T. a tairgiotar L. 374. cf. 15 indecta E. : ii.K(jtl í*^^ ' Seachta frisa toimsiter Gaedhelg 7 forba[i]dh. "'' "-^ i- fid 7 deach. Finit primus Incipit do lebur Ferc//í?. fir) "•''^ iv. Lat. Etargaire deifrighudh na -i- persainde tria hinchosc di fadein in chetpersu uathaid."•" viii. me fein 7 ni neach eli -i- intan asberar biaid corob Quicquid iteratur ut firmus fiat ni athairrigthir. i acht isa Is oen . borb L. nar bo lór "-- etardethbriugud E. fil/. 92. aitirgidir E. est demnite gach maria 7 cen phosit. reim '40 ''" "-•' is aen. fors -i- ferr a fhis. 29. isberar E. '-'• "-' demnidhi co 7 is deiligthidi E. ""'^ xiii.

too. is is leading word. wherein are the inflections. unse. is i. Quicquid iteratur is will so be that everything which is confirmed." and : distinct from every person to say " nt dicitnr iviponendo egoniet. to say " I. own . Reason making to bring weak and rude folk to science.. so that it is known thereby as denoting all first. sweeter is the sea of Pontus than the seas. in the first person singular I enough definite. The person to it. i. The place of this book. but of which is one . for Ferchertne. defining of it to wit.. it the inflection of itself meaning is its is the person wherein meaning. stands as denoting gender. That is proper. the poet. Why inflection did he not deem ? it sufficient to say " I " is in denoting person Not hard. for ignorance not good. In the time of Conchobar MacNessa.e. fovs^ chance. Seven things according to which Gaelic is measured. there is. become ? gender. since it myself and not another person when ut firnius reiterated fiat. to better is knowledge. second. it. Incipit to Ferchertne's boók. . the its first part of the Primer. Inflection a differentiating of the person through its itself.e. wit. Finit prinius liber. and that an improper comparison." so he says " myself " it is I for it I was not is more myself. letter and verse-foot.e. insci^ 55 What it malces the irlond^ leadíng word.THE PRIMER tantuui. inflection there when in said A denotation of gender such as in a person. it is said egoniet.e. and third person. and inflection. and etargaire^ inflection " When it is indsci^ it gender. there. Emain Macha. There : found also the comparaest tive without a positive. ut est Dulcius is mare Ponticuni quavi cetera niaria^ all i.. syllable and gender. deolension and accent.. and they say he he It is is the man" when it is it erlond. is An not improper comparison. i.

i>d-ebrad E. ""'^ coint B.seachta E. Pidh fotha. Coitchend immorro do thaebomnaib 765 etir. no a primeilge. Is a gnee? Ni ansa. taeboimwa B. fo 760 sechta inso •\- sis. ar ni fil in seachta annside ruidhles conadar is aire rofacbadh. 12. = coitchend am briatha. a nd-ebradh -i- fri seacht laithib na seachtmaine. '** ni a toebomnaib E. Indles do se« immorro.//íedhaib. est : Indles do sen immorro. 20 8. -i- Ruidhles 7 diles 7 coMcJiend do fedhaib ruidhles do fhedhaib aireghdhaibh. do thenga 7 me is airi fein E. Diles do bairdni -i- a tomus fri cluais 7 ^ri coir de prois o dhialt immach. diles do f(?. vii for n-anala. "•'^ do E. 750 meas meas doghnither o theangaidh. ™" Gr. Ruidhleas do filidindles hi tomus? Ni ansa. 7it acht huath. . dona vii ndechaiph na filidheachta T. atecht diuiti E. Tomus filideachta 7 tomus bairdni Cadé ruidhleas 7 dileas 7 coitchend 755 7 tomus prosta. ii. ndiuiti '^^ "'^^ airem E. fris a ndubrad L. In gne Cest. A airbert a vii primeillge na filideachta no brosnacha bairdne i no vii n[d]eich na filidheachta : n-ecmais dialta. airem. .32I/3 4 AURAICEPT septini a e. 1. foc<v/ is Coitcheand : 7 diles 7 745 don fris seachta Coitchend do cach Ruidhles do in airimh seachta cetairimh sechta Diles do a seacht diuidib. 24 sed est E. Seacht i- -i- seachta da aeib doimiter and. "** ^ Tinfedh hinnles T. "'^ '''^ no in gnim do tomus ? is gnim emh E. . air ni taebomwrr est litera h co '^-^ h non mbad diles sed nota aspirationis -i- nocho n[fh]uil i- Htir acht ata vii conidh noit vii tinfidh. 7 airbert to tenga 7 airi Toimes a fen Toimhes a eacht -i- a breith ria seacht. caitet no in cenel iomhusl cenel eimh. Innleas a tabairt for airimh n-aiH acht for a '-i- Tomus hinni. : "^^ i ''•''^ . Lat. L. seacht. '*" '^ do sein e.es fundanientuni a bunad haitne: Fo edh a hinni ae no fidh a airbert.. 22 ''•* nod tinfid L. . 24^36 Seachta n-aeahinni airimh -i- -i- bunadh lasin Laitneoir. no brosnacha E. 56 BB. 'máW. -i- viensura a bunad -i- lasin Laitneoir. Secta fo vii-a andso sis E.:. Coitchend immorro Seachta air ni fil alt and. 35.

Proper to bard poetry. its seven kinds.e.e. its Peculiar poetry. It is Is measure a Query. and vieas. heptad. mensura its is its root according to the Latinist. proper. its \s fundamentuni its Latin root.e. for the heptad it not therein proper. i. and to proper adjustment of breathing. its being referred to i. however. Common.. it. that law. measure to suit the ear. Peculiar. Tomus. Peculiar to it is Proper to first seven simples. tongue. to wit. i. its . (^ij use.e. i.. Latinist.e. measure. h is not a letter but a . to its wit. Aleasure.. the Improper. peculiar principal vowels. or wood use. for it not a consonant at all. or incitements of bard poetry apart : or seven metrical feet of the is from monosyllable. common.. to consonants except h. it the number of seven days seven to which of the week. what are its species ? Not in hard.. might be applied. however. ?ít h nou it is est litera sed noía aspirationis. seven times for a heptad from this time forward. that is. a genus certainly. prose from a monosyllable onward. exist there. however. and on that account peculiar it was left out. and of prose. and improper vowels. estimate is ? itself. heptad it are asked for the word Common are its to is each number of seven. Common. Seven sciences the meaning of a heptad of sciences are measured there.. 57 septent its root is according to the it. Its use. for alt. common. i. proper.e. i. Measure of poetry. of is bard poetry. Common. ío. seven prime metres of the poetic art .. number. Improper thereto. and improper to measure Not hard. proper to diphthongs. of science to Under its meaning to : foundation. juncture. is Improper est : to however . jrf an estimate which species or a genus made by tongue. that poetic art is. its Measure. Pid. letter.: THE PRIMER Seachta. What ? peculiar. does not Septas.e. i. application to a number other than seven. meaning.

air is dialt duf(?rmaidh gach n-x dib for fri Coitchend doib deich do radh im.s deechaib E. Ni airicar a reim suin.no ni huaim tomais ó\igt/ii£. re huaim E. f' ar it indledach L. amal ata Vatxaic. 776 cach araili. no reim onni as no tm'sesil a bunadh comhshuidhiughud a bunadh. Reim dsLno -i-i-i- airbert./í L. ''•'» tom. '"' ">'''-' dibuaidthir. ceithrecubait E. . Ruidles do reim do fid for fid i filideacht diles do taebreim ceatharcubaid 785 Zo\tc/iend immorro do reim suin filideachta 7 bairdne. ele Indleas do dhialt fris. re huawma ai a hinni intan is filideacht./iorro fil cach dib. : rc-cim.58 BB. Reim áa. araile E. ~'^ '**" cach ni dib. re huam intan is bairdni Reim áano a raid uaim intan is phrois. dibh uaighthir immorro [a] airbert intan i[s] sreath. "^.32i^3o -i- AURAICEPT nemnigudh feadha doradh is £./í7 Degfuach no defuach a hinni : bunadh Laitne. Reim ceilli. 770 Deach dno troich (no ar frithindlidhach) a da.24« 55 tiniudh feadh friu sin uili. ut supra ? gnei immorro fer. diles do do reim suin 7 cheilli immaille cen cheill 7 diall i: robamus : : prois : indles Cid immorro do reim dosum nar bo lor suin lais namma. a airbert E. ""'^ deeich. co n-abair L. '«^ ruidlesta E. '^'' huama E. Caite ruidhles 7 diles 7 coit? chend indles isna deac[h]aibh fein Ruidhles doib a n-anmand Diles doib dialt do radh fri do rad friu amal ata dialt. Is ed is ruidhles 7 diles 7 is choitc/iend doib. n-ai dibh. '*"' leor L. amal ata remnigther. "•'^^ uam/wa L. deech E. for Is as prois (322) reim -i- reim suin. a uair ni fillt/r. radh o me nawma 790 co nn-earbairt Ceithri me fadein. deach duna seacht ndeachaib do radh 780 air ni alt and. air is aendealb "'•' ninugud 3 (?) E.

. that is time of composition of is ae. it it. declension. however. i. its Reiin.. of letter by proper to a side [or end] reini through the quatrain of poetry and bard poetry. declension declension of sound such as fer. caused him to " I deem it insufficient to say " " I and to say myself. Good word is or double vvord. Proper to them. Common to them is to apply feet to each of them. letter in poetry Peculiar : to reini. prose. or tuisea/. alliteration. : time of alliterations. and common to them. to apply monosyllable to each of them. is then. i. meaning vvhen it poetry is. for it is a monosyllable that each one of them adds to another. Reim. such as dialt. raid-iiaiin. however.e. "^»^ ^Mdjj\ _ meaning is : from them linked its ^-T/J when a series. a legitimate Reiin. its speech-stitching vvhen diall. its it metrical foot. is Its declen- sion of sound not found." ut supra ? Four species to wit. that measure. is to apply to name of] one of the other seven metrical feet. monosyllable. of aspiration. for is no juncture its contained in is. annihilation of a letter to apply to That is peculiar. out of reim. for they are not inflected. use. them to own names to them. then. to : : declension of sound onIy. tí/Jó Then deach. is when is bard poetry. a vanishingali of letters. Thence it is dcclined. course. sciences.e. Tinfedh. then. to declension of sound without sense and to declension of sound and sense together proper to prose improper. -ai^-be€a««eit4&-sy iiuiiyiuuus7 ÍJttÁif^jlt f«uisxid3LÍQQtirc>flft~aJ-^fH=©ot.THE PRIMER mark these. Declension of sense such as Patraic.. aspiration. Peculiar to and improper apply their in the metrical feet? common. Common. hovvever. however. for there is one form for its . it it not composition of that is. proper. case. in prose. proper. however. it [the Improper to monosyllable. root : or reijn from the vvord robauius. use . What only. 59 i. its root is a compound.e. What are peculiar.

air is as Reim as 7 ind. 817. **"J -i. iarsanni fothaighes in focul for fut. arnin E. -i- f<í. 322 a 3 AURAICEPT reim suin 7 -i- E. Sian sleibi slata seiscind L. is Forbaid no forbeoidh no forbaid a inne. Cele Feniusa Farsaidh. Forbaidh dno fair bidh intan -i- ernin -i- ernid nin. Reim dano ceím Do 800 Bellat mathair Niu[i]l chloind Laitin langeimligh i Fuair bas llo grene glain. '"'•' gloine T. Coitchend do dinin forbaid no dona huile forbaidibh 820 do i radh llocc friu. ^'^.. fir.'^ nemfuilledh. 30 **'' Formarius T. 7 7{t iiici ind fer reimnigther. no forsail -i- is for fuilliudh.baid E. dishail -i- disein di-fuilliud is nemhfhuilHudh. is fer. as. ^'"' '*"'* ^'^ erned. no fair: Forbaidh dno : for [fhjidhbait a airbert for fut ruidhleas do forsail diles do ernin a beith disail. L. Treda ara togarar reim remnigther. iii. L. -i- Reim malle. seiscend T.: : <50 BB. 795 taebreim cach ni nach lanreim. *'-'" «'» disel forbaigibh B. Porbaid dno finnarius -i- -i- aiccentus lasin Laitneoir. ut air est. Taíbreim prosta me fadein. . 80« « iy^ Texíe. is Forbaidh dno sail dinin dishail -i- -i- sech nin ni -i- acht duir . om. •i- reim do fidh for fidh nt est 805 Sian sleibi s/Hata serind Senshaili senim snechta snac Slisiu slice samad saball Snaithe snithe saland sacc. Flaind. '*"' *"'** E. -i- INdles immorro do forbaid dib dul araiH ''•'•' do da forbaid na wgwúiaige ™^ for an ainmnig L. saland B. om. 815 no dinin nin. forsail -i- Forbeoidh intan forbaidh intan sail fair . . 8-~ na nguth ¥. 24^39 fora ainmnid 7 for^' geniíil: ceilli amal ata ar is -i- Fland reim est. no for gair. »t est. : inles uadh E. Belaid L. acht is E. 18 '^-' a taebrem E. in a ainmniugud a airbert neimnigh ^ inchosc ann malle. a : bunad onni 810 no for is ilghnuiseach forbid (-i- forin focul) fut no for cumair.aiceant E.

it from that unadding. them to go in place of another. for i. is. called : Three things of. n. to wit. it . the root of the word forniarius. use céim. its nominative and its its is accusative are there together. Of the Died on the bright day of the Spouse of Fenius Farsaidh. pace Bellat mother of envenomed Nél children of fuU-fettered Latinus sun. is perfects " when . s is to.e.. for into iit is it declined. Declension ínto. not adding. that gives n. As to m. then.e. " on wood. that after n comes not i s but d or dinin disail. it is adding because " it estabhshes the word as a Forbaidli. for it is out of it that declension ít declined.. ernin. that long. or on .. from i. too. then. Forbaid then. that is myself. nt est. " (to wit. is dinin disail. to wit^ Forbaidli. acccntns with the Latinist. wit. many-faced " its : " it is on the word) either on a long or on a short. or to the accents to say forbaid. sense as Fland.\\?iX is. nt est Now upon as to forbaid. upon it ox forsail. It when it 'xs forsail.e. either vivifies vivifies." is its use peculiar to forsail : proper to ernin. all Common accent of to dinin disail. i. Declension out of and into together. i. its being on a long or on a short. accent. of them. " it is e. alHteration from letter to letter. " it Accent.e. Inappropriate.e. in fer. after vvhich reiin." when i. to is.." or " it perfects meaning.//. it is thereon it is." for everything that not full declension is side declension.: : THE PRIMER nominative and " its 6i oí sound genitive : declension and is. est.fir. declension is Declension out is ut est. 1 Side declension in prose.fer. for the any two . however..\. Flaind..

in sainemain. a diles i . in setrad. inn anair. P2. Caite ruidhles 7 diles 7 coitchend. urdala L.th. anma [alt L. ^//?^i-i- Alt onni as uasal a bunad lasin Laitneoir alt ádino onni alteir ina menmain a inne. Cate ruidles 7 diles 7 coitchend.s\c\icntia a bunad Laitne in descha. 835 T. ar ni bi alt and. Alt co feser 'wimorro fri a airbert Alt in inni : -i- co feser cia halt aircetail hcra sechta -i- i[n] nath.do aiste.7io •\.24|3 22 7 d'aenforbaid ilair na taebomn« íor uath^i-^. etargreim foruaisligtech (?) E. *'•' foc?<lB. Ruidhles -i. *'*' *" scoitecda E. om. gac/ia fuat B. *-'' L.do aiste do immorro do alt bairdne -i. Coitchend indles do fhoclaibh na proise -i. -i- ^^ ail fuit d'íhili immorro E. Btargaire dno onni is etargradimus -i. 322a36 AURAICEPT -i- F.62 BB. 840 : na hinsce ? Ruidles don insci aicenta csemh : diles don •i- insci aicenta ecíem coitchend indles don insci saerda coitchend ara gnathugud.: focul na proise E. : : inne i- scothecna a airbert si : no insci.. in laidh. : indscni E.atd 7 forbaidh fuit no ilair no íorhm'd for cumair : no 825 : indles gan a fuath do sgribeand. co feser in aisti urdalta fri co feser in no i in se in aisti béra \\-\dsQA sechta amal roghabh is e in nath. do indsci L. . no ilair B. indles. 8^^ *^ acoeim -i.] prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da sJaX^aib a 830 co feser a airbert.foruaslaigeach : «-3 82-í taobomnad inde dono L. indischoe L. indles immorro ara aindilsi. inn anamain. is in laid. 835 Indsce áa. forbaidh ua. indles alta? alt filideachta : Ni ansa. 8« ceim E.coitchend do cach focul mbiat alta indles immorro do dialt. in anma prosta -i- ferin^^sci 7 banin^sci 7 deminsci.

to and natural : inappropriate gender? to artificial Peculiar kindly gender to proper to natural unkindly gender priate common. alt co feser its What alt? are peculiar. proper.jthat thou mayest is know what nath. of poetry appHes to seven. are alta^ intervals inappropriate. for exists there. the is space of time that between use. gender. i. of poetry to metre. joint. proper.. Common. from a Latin root : in deschae. limb. and neuter. What of peculiar. however. rt'//. common owing being used. and for the one accent of the i. : Peculiar. is. inflection.e. indsce. the saineniain." the /did is is Indsce. the láidh^ the sétrad. to alt of bard poetry. that thou mayest know whether "she" or "she.e.e. and inappropriate to of Not hard. that the the anaii\ the anainaiíi. inappro- Now etargaire. As : to alt an annux. feminine." he " is the metre that applies to seven. the two syllables its meaning is. limb.e. noble. that metre of (^//'. as for example the nath is "he. however. in prose. its root according is alt. is its meaning word-wisdom " its that thou mayest know the definite metre. then. common. Alt co feser. Now use i. that scientia. consonants. from the word intergi-adinius.e. masculine. way. joint is of the name. inappropriate to the words common to each word in which there . the accent of the singular [on the plural] and the accent of plural on the singular. the right or. .. however. i. no alt. proper. from that which nurtured in is mind is its meaning.: : THE PRIMER accents 63 of the vowels. of the prose name.. gender.. however. that that is. inappropriate. is. of prose. : or inappropriate not to write its Alt from the word to the Latinist his : altus. that are indsce. inapproits its gender. common. or the accent of a long upon a short form. : indsce. i. owing to priateness. to a monosyllable. its use.

om. 19 : «60 : rc. Cate 845 coitchend 7 indles etargaire? i Ruidles i do etargaire derscighthigi Diles immcrro in condelc. T. in cenel cenelach in gneach cenel -i- fid. 7 forfidh. 9> H 4°. Irish Meirics. /3) no in cenel in fidh ? ? Is cenel emh : masa na chenel. . air is frecras i do etarg^/r^ inchoisc sloinniudh persainnisaindredaigi. 870 At laech. cacha dara gne L. ar techtaidh gne secht ndeich na filideachta. in gne no in cenel in rem -i- ? Is cenel -i- da gne -i- fiHdeacht 7 bairdne reim do fidh for fidh tsebreim do fidh for fidh. ar techtaid gne insin in fid aireagda. Et Is e fid inn ogaim. ut est: Coluim caid cumachtach 7rl. Fid saírda 7 fid aicenta fid fid scerda fid inn ogaim fid aicenta immorro 855 ? cailli. is garg do rind. Cest. forfeda L. 8^7 8-5T derscaigthi L.322. 146 iii. Coitcoitchend 850 chend indles immorro donaetarg«/n^ ar chena -idib na frecair uird comairme indles immorro do neoch in : condelg. glan. a [Fhjlaind. garg E. Is e sin in 8G0 c[e]aí//tar cenel gneach baghabhat ocht n-ernaili ngne na techtaid 7 filideachta. in gne no in cenel -i- Is cenel ecin. 19 8V0 gart B.: .24^34 etargnaghudh gotha a inne ruidles 7 diles 7 etardeliugud a airbert. in 7 gne (col. = /'•• Texte. gne no -i- in cenel deach? Is emh. Cest. . Texte. 7 tsebomna. /''• xx. *^« «"^ *" an urd L. L. Cest. 865 Taebreim immorro ut est A At [Fh]laind at luam in gaiscidh grinn Co Maistin maiU. techtaig L. p.45 AURAICEPT : E. cf. sandradaigi L bangabat. 863 868-72 B. 64 BB. cadet a gnee -i- Ni ansa. feda. at gaeth. persaind. uair i[s] nderscughud. 56 .

for it has species. the seven of poetry. to comparison. powerful. 65 is dominating : interpreting of voice its its meaning : a distinguishing is use. side alliteration. to common the ordinal numbers however. /// réi)n. principal vvood. i. to wit. however. alliteration and taebreini. and inappropriate. for corresponds Proper. thou art the pilot of pleasant valour Unto gentle Mullaghmast Art pure. wood. is wood of the forest. inappropriate. genus certain]y Ogham. since the denoting of a particular person. a species or a for it genus? certainly.. of the . verse-foot. Taebreini. do not correspond Query. all : Common that is. to to the etargaire.e. i. nt est Fland. of poetry have Query. and side-woods. artificial wood is the Ogham letter natural wood. to wit.e. however. E .. a species or a genus? It is a and if it be a genus. a genus verse- ^í^rt^:. to etargaire oi meaning it is in a person. a species or a genus? A genus. feet has species. {?. poétry and bard poetry. Artificial wood and natural wood. Thou art a hero. etc. of letter by letter. vowels. Fland. pious. however. to wit. : : THE PRIMER i. That is the genus generic and specific. to wit. rough is thy point. run. any of them that Jidh. proper.e.e.^. it is re'ijn. wood. wood.. . It is Query. consonants. est Columba.. of etargaire? it Peculiar to etargaire of distinguishing in distinction. And as to wood. letter. That is the specific genus which species the eight sorts of each of the two got. has two species. What are peculiar. side alliteration of letter by letter. what are its species ? Not hard. is diphthongs . and Ínappropriate to comparison. however. art wise. i. common. cross is it a species or a genus? It is a genus neces- sarily.

pat. S75 taebreim prosta ind. 7 taebreim prosta.E. in etargoiri? Is Cest. indsci ? gne no tri in cenel Is Is derb conid cenel 7 techtaid na indsce. 7 ass ina dualus focus E.fogur huathaid maille -i- ina dualgus foghar ilair. ar itat tri gnee alt sa. / reim suin 7 ceiUi. gnee E. ^^^^"^ reim ass ni fil ass iar sun genelan rocumad E. : «i- fear *"-** fir ar ni fil L. Is Is cenel. : isin gneech deochraiges E. toimister L. Cest. e in cenel etardefriges na huili 7rl.rda 7 alt aicenta 7 alt co feser. -i- reim ind 7 ass malle cenelach gneach JxX. uair dianairmidi a gnei. ^*^^! 3751 lanreim ind **^" •!• me fadein L. í'90 ^'•^ fje E. *™ fogair uathaid L. 7 Tri gne ara togarar reim J ass malle : : -i- reim reim ass. 24/352 Ceithri gne reim suin cen reim suin cheill.] teit 7 ass teit a lanreim ind 7 ndual?/^. a dualus fogus E. in gne tri rochumadh 885 no in gnee. 322/3 12 AURx^ICEPT for prois o reim -i- E. Reim 7 ind 7 ass 880 ind a dualgus foghur uathaid ceilli : : ilair immalle ar ni fil inna dualus ind iar ceill no reim ind -i- FdXraic. 7 cheiUi 7 Reim •i- suin cen cheiU cetumus : fer fir : Fland Flaind -i- reim suin tantuin Vatxaic Fatrai'c: fadein. : cf. in cenel no in gne Iss cenel eim. L. indi E. *"" no i in gneech E. frisi . Á\ saincenel deochraides in doman. Is e sin in cenel cenelrt'ch sund forsna secht remendaib cenel ind forbaidh? . Cest. ? 895 Cest. Cest. 7 est reim ind reim ass ut estfer. toimistear E. ar ita ind iar ceill 7 ita ass iar suin. Fland Flaind. ar techtaidh e sin in cenel for a tarrasa tri in fai gnee na Gaedelge. in Int alt co feser 890 techtaid coic ngne 7 coic cenela. caide qssq in sechtu frisa tomsigt/í^r in Goe[de]Ig ^"•5 pat. doine *''*' ndomun : daine in domain E. syj o-nee L. 7 reim suin -i- namma.66 BB. forsa tarasa L. -i- reim ind ut fir isin reimniugud reim ind 7 ass i iii fear -i- [ind L. gne no -i- in cenel int alt? Is cenel ecin.

Query. regards meaning : in. That is the genus. : man reim in. reim of. of. Three species of. what Gaelic is is things. a genus certainly. etargaire.fer. as in. a species or a genus clear that is a genus and it has the three genders. of letter. etc. nt in of a man. in the declining reim in and out fer. Vatraic Patraic I and prose taedreim. Flann Flainn : reini of sound flexion.: THE PRIMER Four specíes sound vvithout sense. generic and specifíc which was is formed here on the seven has three species. artificial alt. and of sound vvithout sense reiin of 67 in prose arise out of reivi. side myself. into vvhich goes and out of which comes in. the accent. by which reiín is called. reijn out nt est. in.. not according to meaning Flainn. Flann. species or a species alt Query. indsce. that the fragment of cut ofif air . reim in and out of together. it according to meaning and is out of. esse.s\áe flexion. taníujn. The is it alt co feser has five species and genera. ? essence. all the genus that differentiates among Query. and reini of sound only. according to sound. flexions. a different genus that differentiates the world. respect to sounds and plural together Patraic. i. a species or a genus? A genus. the its full man. sounds. Reim in and out of together. and five ? co feser. that singular or reÍ7n . 7-eini out reim in and : out of together est. It is It is is Query. flexion. for there is in. reivi of sound and sense. vvith : inflection in respect of singularsounds and of plural is.fir. natural alt.e. Esse. Query. int alt for a genus? it. . inflection. essence. feda. and Reini prose taebreÍ7n. for That It is is the genus in which were is found the three species of Gaelic. gender. species innumerable. of the seven by which measured first : Not is hard. three underlie to vvit. incí it forbaid. a for its genus or a species? are A It genus is •>certainly. first \ferfir: reini of sound and sense. for it is in.

fihi E. E. : i n-eulluch L. filid Cate e5íe alta? a[c] Ni ansa. 905 fogurda forbriste n-ilair. airmit^ír. laghad L. ina raind cia P2. Cate %sse insce? athfegadh f(9z>bthe fegthair isna tri cene- Cate esse etargairi? laiget Ni ansa. 91« 920 taoboim. na da tarmorcend E. 7 co festar fretide E. fil focurtha E. In Xm no inn uaite son n- oe^congbalach airimther o diblinaib. 7 gu robe in fidh cetna bes isind cheand. 7 co festar na feda bes isin taebchubaidh in raind. no inde no incho[i]sc no edardeifrighi no etardelighthi no edarderscaigthe rodealbh Dia eter 915 Cate tomhus bis isiii fri sechta 7 ir^ ? Ni ansa. 9i2 cf. «oi bolg oir teipidhe E. 25 a 7 Ni ansa. is freitigi L.: 68 BB. : 900 903 905 908 909 ^i-* aichne E. reme. bolgoir E. 9i6 dainibh E. aithne L.920 ar aird. no 910 don sillaib for araili mad Ni ansa. ®^9 ^-^ deech E. : 8«8 i melluch B. Int mete no duilib. : : comsuigudh fri foc«r E. i. focus L. unde poeta dixit Eííe feda is fretede Ferr duib a aicne occaib In blog aeoir thepide 900 Techtas i n-elluch focail. . 7 co festar in taebreim no in reim 897 do fid for fidh. 322^35 AURAICEPT -i- e. meidi. Caite essQ. alt aicenta. isin dara huad E.// n-aimsire airighes ^Xcnedx comhshiniudh fog7^r. son n-asn congbalalach L. don athgagabail E. Ni ansa. dialt co bricht cona n-athghabail In bruudh fiUti Caide esse foil remme? in Ni ansa. 904 »06 ssxj esse. 7 co festar cia deach dona ocht ndeachaib daroigh i n-aisti. i laigeat. In foludh firen laibh. L. i Esse feda cetamus 'm blog aoir tebide gebhes in fid n-elluch focail. 28. etardeifrigihe E. In fid tuisseach rand (323) taebomna tuissecha do thabairt imrecru na tarmthort. deich? Ni ansa.B. Caite oenaUa E. comsinead. 7 gu rub inund a lin do thaebomnaib bes impu. Origg. litir In toe tengadh fil don ceimniughud don for araili mad alt sairda. otha ainmiudh n-uathaid co foxlaid In torraach no in fri Caite e^^e fuirbhthe? digbí^.

or alliteration of letter by letter. and the leading consonants. in passing silence which on the poet letter to another if it be alt saorda. What esse reiine. variety or distinction which God Not is hath fashioned among created things. essence of a vowel. What \s accent? The increase or diminution of time which an accent Not hard. and that . What size. and that the in vowels that stand the caesura rhyme of the verse may be known. The and perfect essential is which is seen in the three kinds. Better for you to have the kno\vledge of The fragment cut off of air Which it possesses in composing a word. What is esse of verse-foot ? Not hard. and that the same vowel of consonants about may stand in that the corresponding part of the endings. quality. articulate change which obtains from the nom. What hard.: THE PRIMER which the vowel takes dixit in 69 composing a word. pl. or from one syllable to another of gender? be alt aicenta. essence of flection Not hard. difference. denotation. voiced. esse oí The inflected. and that it may be known whether it is side alHteration. The consideration of smallness. ? both included. What is The tongue from one esse essence of interval rests if it ? Not hard. just What csse is esse Not hard. and may be known which of the eight verse-feet enters into the metre. etargaire? Not hard. it is to be studied. To in the is measure with respect to heptad ? bring under notice the leading vowel that verse. unde poeta Esse /eda. to the abl. it. The whole or one of the individual self-sustaining sounds which are reckoned from one to eight is syllables. marks in co-extension with a sound. and the number that it them may be the same. alta. sing.

e_ ii. o. cindas ar ni bidh lancubaidh nothomhsidhe Ni ansa. line "^ ba(d) E. Do íoai\ forba anaile no-taispenta íocíA. 323a6 AURAICEPT aircetail si E. Cate Intan is sechta in ochta ind Auraicepta? ndialta i Ni ansa. ''^ ''^'' Origg. Is 7 Co feisear a Uin 7 7 a met ^ laiget. oen co a coic cach a n-airdi : deligitar a n-airdi. tuath- •'-^ forbad E. : 937-42 p. Cate .. 18. a cumung ed a lin : a n-ecumung. ocht focul mbricht is and is secht n-alta. § 9 coiger L. It e deasdruim.„^ Cade 939-42 í»46 iad L. a neart •i- 7 ^ n-aimneart. ogaim 945 conda- coicfear cacha aicmi. 2 secht n-alta L. 7 co festar cia haltdona seacht n-altaibh ind -i- -i- na filideachta. . ^''-^ : forin focul in imrecra E. no taebchubhaid and. "*' ''3' : 1687 notomhaisde. ndialta B. cona dheligtír E. "•^5 "^ na toimsidi L. tresach. 7 cuiger E. 25a28 cia forbaidh bes for son ceneoil ind imfrecrai. Etargaire co feser sechta. cf.935 {• ther nadat na da trian o n-ainmnighther iarcomarc. a Chríst thi in congebha hnd ? co itacht ar lind long fri fid 7 ! Ni ansa. aircetaib B. . gne aircetail do gne do thomus fri Et ? intan ba roscadh na tomaiste and. p. c 7 r ar essi ut est : Coluim Cille cecinit Im ba Im ba sessach im ba seng. 70 BB. 925 Insce -i- co feasar cia in se in fo in in« aisti. ni bad E. Translated in Ancient Ir. Poetry. tuirme glonn. coic aicmi ae. 46. x. ! 940 A O Caite tomus n-uaite. uair is coic foCír/1 romesadh i n-anail in don choiceadh 930 filed. Zeitschr. on triun E. for focal in imfregraid L. Caitiat na da taebomna gabhait greim gMthaige} a. 94 cf.'' in oenchongbhalach dechongbalach treconngbalach Ai[n]- mnigther o trian : 7 i'^i ruidhilsi do in trian o n-ainmnig.

.'*' when dithyramb it or metricaLrh^thnfj-was-pFesent. That thou majrest know their number and their singleness. This is their number flve Ogmic groups. gender. their power and their want of power.e. Not When is eight syllables in briclit that are present there are seven alta... . of poetry.e. Etargaire. that mayest know vvhether the metre is he or she. whether it will be yielding. i.e. it ! be warlike with numbers of deeds. Insce. And ". that thou mayest know what is the species thou of poetry as regards measure with respect to seven. is how was *^^- measured in it. one-third : and three syllables? It is it named from and it is more named than not peculiar to is the one-third from which are the two-thirds from which iarcoviarc is / named. By which was indicated by the word. intervals. their strength and their weakness. of the octave of the Anraicept ? What hard. five men for each group.: THE PRIMER it 71 may be known what accent stands upon a word of the sort. thou keep with us ? O Christ it wilt When wiU comc to fare on a sea of ships measure with regard to fid. for five is words are a heptad it adjudged to be a breath of the poet.. their size and their smallness. /// est. These are their signs : right of stem. What is the word containing one. i. two. i e. Coluim Cille Whether Whether it will will be firm. corresponding and which it is of the seven alta of trisyllabic poetry. Ogham letter ? Not hard. and one up to five for is : What each of them. left of stem. i. ? for there not couplet rhyme or caesura a word completing a breath fifth rhyme Not hard. that their signs may be distinguished. y What vowel? c:ecinit are the two consonants that take the force of a To wit c and r after a.

a llin do taebomnaib E. Ecumang rogab intan bithi (col. amal ata bais J 7 lais. "''' '^^^ lomut E.// ceand 7 leand dorn 7 960 cst. ni thucatar. a ndeiligte feada forfheda . fontaib iii^ domiditer E. Cach da thaebomna ar fld hi : cubaid. "''*' "''-' 19. . a cubut E. Caite tomus fri fid ? -i. 4 a llin L. bit fo nilnius ina """ "'^ bid fo inillius.>8 ««•2 Is amlaid imdrengair ogum amal imdrengair crand E. Is amlaid imdreangair crand 7 saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus do lam dess reut 7 du lam 7 cle fo deoid. Cest.a met hi coic flescaib 7 a llaiget n-aenflescaib. i- E. 323^27 AURAICEPT tredruim. gy rupeadh E. ailme. cid ara n-ebertar feda fri suidiu ? fobith domiter friu 7 co n-uaigiter condaib. Origg. 7 co rob inund a lin du taebomna beas intib. beithi ailme. Fir em.E. Caite deochair eter a cumang 7 a neart? 965 : : : : i . as rut 7 ass imme E. air ni thuicter na feda dedhencha : isna deghfoghraibh sin triana cantain fochetoir aimnert ''^-'^ <j.72 BB.// . i A a cumang cetamus no o no u. cach da cobfld i cubaid is ed is cubaid iarum co robe an fld cetna beas isna foclaib in imfreccrai. '«8 : bas 7 las L. leasdruim. ""- deidenaca E. bas 7 las 7 bras 7 &i*as corn dond 7 cond. /3) fo nihilus ina guthrt^''^ amal 970 filet find. ? deochair eter a n-egumang n-ai. tit dicitur luis amal fidu? Cindas domiter frisna taebomna 955 Ni ansa. 25a43 druim. E. .//nert Ni ansa. nguth.] gabaid guth a n-a. xix.co fesser a lin 7 ^ n-uaiti -in-ainaicmi a met a lin a coic aicmib 7 a n-uaiti 7 a llaiget -i. deorcaib E.nur -i- [A i nert immorro a intan dos-bere C'aite primshuidhiugud sillaib. imdruim.L.>^4^Jffl-^ffl4-1tt1tXO (^^*— Ni ansa. na nguth. : Intan L.)0 "''"' y. It e Is iarsin is 950 leis 7 is fris 7 7 as trit cst : as immi.

These are their various vowels íirst and diphthongs. vowels? Not Because they are measured by them and sewed with them. every two corresponding letters in rhyme that is rhyme. therefore. however. that thou i. Want of power when the vowels are under True indeed. 73 Thus is a tree climbed. when into they utter voice alone. What and difiference between want of power their weakness? for the Not last hard. Then with the stem. mayest know theír number and singleness. in five groups and their their smallness. to wit. when a prime syllable. brings is them the a such their as bais. Ogham letter? their To vvit.>^J|:pf|HW.e. treading on the root of the tree with thy right hand first and thy left hand after.. number . nt cst : . singleness in one group í. through their being once weakness. measured with the consonants ? two consonants for a vowel in rhyme. ut cst. Query. position lais. and against it..e. that it should be the same vowel that stands in the corresponding words. ba. : : : : : What is measure with respect their to Jid. however. when they stand combinations . and that the number of consonants that may stand in them shotild be the same.: THE PRIMER atliwart of stem. between their : power and their strength Their power a. about stem. o. in five strokes is and their smaHness first in single What the difference ? is. and about it. pronounced in nullifying. hard. la. througla stem. that or u : Their strength. Every Not hard. these double sounds are at not understood. as for letters that example stand in fi\p\nd. their size and their size strokes. How are they.HtltXO <gii4^ why are those called woods. bas and las bras and gras ccand and lcand dorn and corn dond and cond. as vowels. and through it. ut dicitiir.

-i- ed aicmi beithi Tuaithdruim -i- don leith atuaidh din druim bzV aicw^ uatha [7 : leas uait fris] cucut. I •'^^ B. : ""' no flesca gacha haicmi E. e a n-airde 985 Deasdruim Lesdruim druim his bethi do deas in droma. . 7 : fear 7 bean L. cona-deiligetar E. «« Amnert B. amlaid 990 imdrengar beithi -i- amhlaidh eimh ceimnighthir isin isinn -i- ogam aicmi amal cemnigther : crand foi -i- do lamh dess reut -i- 7 do lamh chle aicmi diudh aicmi h : : 7 iarsin is leis 7 is fris m -i- les uait 7 fns cucut aic. : : "'"^ caenfuaigter L. : domidigtír. friusaide E. v. uulgus lasin Laitneoir. : muine E. 9-8. ut iarum cian 7 ceir 7 uull 7 aball lasin Lanchumang dano urba ecosc) uath. 7 995 amhlaid sin imdheilighter na fedha taibomna. beithi a íenur. 7 (isna) : cf. con tur uath L. 980 tan bite fo consonacht. viii. »89.94 "''•"'^ m B. aic7//z ed aicmi ailmi Is Imdruim andiu 7 anall is na forfidh. 16 . gliaidh. co coic L. reout E.81 Gr. "'•'•' crund. elet^ tit est. Ecumang cetamus lasin intan bite fo nialus nt quoniaiu quideni lasin Laitneoir. 367. 104. ut Briain. 189. conda-deligther L. Aimnert immorro nGaedhel 1x\. -i- intib etir fedha 7 tria taebhomna co nd(-i- Conda-delighetar caindeifriges n-airde It is tria n: is -i- a n-aradu. no intan bite in- ^w'áxaighe a n-aenshillaib nGaedhel. feoil.: : 74 BB. lasin nGcxdel. ""^ tridruim aicwí" a E. fo deoid L. i8j 19 : 977-83 '•'*' E. tara hinwdruim E.25^4 immorro intan bit comsuidigthib cutrumaib na defogair fer 7 b^«. om. nin a coicur : : no dno gne tri Ni ansa. beoir. coic gacha hae E. no leatarsna darin is aicmi muine -i- Tredruim. "^ assiu 7 anall L. 7 na forfeda Cid ara n-eparar fedha friu fri saidhiu? Ni ansa.//z trit \mniorro Is iia- aicmi a: tairis xmnion'o J immi na forfidh. cainfuaigtí^ E. 323/3 3 AURAICEPT i E. ut seruus. '•"^ •''*•' caindeidfriges anaraduite a n-airde E. aindiu (no all) 7 anall E. Fobith domiter na taebomna 7 cainuaighter na íocail '•'''' cutrumait na defhoguir isna E. "^^ gu iv. Lat. Gr. om. : 7 isna forfedaib amal ata car// Coic feadha <TEnfleisc aicmi 7 is oen co a coic cach ze -i- 975 co coic flescaib. fa deoid E. Lat.

as it is graduated that is. cian. beoir. uulgus with ceir. Full power. side is Left of stem. to do their conditions is. . it thus in is climbed. : and the Ogham diphthongs such as fer and Five letters for each group five and there five is one up to five for each of them. however. : thy right hand first. appearance. group b and. athwart is from thee. that the b group : b to right of the ridge. These are left their signs that : Right of stem. is however. the . of Brian. are consonised. n another kind they stand Latinist. distiriguished through their signs. both vowels and consonants. or half athwart the stem. iaruni. with the exception of h. are those the diphthongs. with the Gael.e. consonants. it the diphthongs group. ben. Through. is to wit. clear]y i. wit.. Why called vowels? Because the consonants are measured against them. that is the on this side and on that. So that they are through their differ. to wit. u'it. is group m. which the m group that It is is a group : About stem. to wit. is with the Gael. is. one stroke up to of : strokes. athwart is from thee. the Ogham after. gliaid. Not hard.THE PRIMER equivalent to 75 in the diphthongs. a flesh. when they Latinist. ut quoniani qiiideni with the or when three stand in one svllable fight. apple. thy that it left is hand that group h towards and to after athwart and a against. it Through stem. ut b one onIy. {ubull). Thus are and Not the hard. and against is thee. far. is even thus in is graduated to wit. appletree. as Briain. ut seruus. and about distinguished the diphthong group. wax. Weakness. to the the of the stem. which is h group : : Athwart of stem. group : over. Want vowels of them or again power first when : under nullity. feoil. beer with the Gael.///// ut therefore. the vowels. too. and against is to thee. : the tree. that est. in them. however. ? is. and aball.

7 a cor a tredhe. line 3945 i»'^^ 1»*^' in anma L.rait/ier in tsebhomna bhis and. 25 /3 20 dibh. 323/3 26 AURAICEPT -i- E. .n fris .mac Etheoir ceathramadh Cas in coiced . : cf.]. inand fidh aireghdha Sain iminorro intib. : is i ar comardad L. Is e in comfhot coir (-iin tit est.1015 fil ardugud intibh. cach da trebomna Marcach atchonnac anne. Cindas toimsiter na taebomna imna fedaibh ? Ni ansa. 1**^ i"'" i'^-^ is coir a n-aircetal E. tomaist«r. -i- thuas Fenius Farrsaidh . Aingin T. 7 is inand ta. fidh. L. Cach da tíebomna dib imon fidh. Iba.rsLhker si'e fidh aire[gh]dha nama sechtu ar ia. •!• c 7 r i n-aigid a Taebcubaid bras 7 bas 7 las 7 lancubaid insin. in in tres mac Aingen Amaírgen mac Naende mic Nenuail dedha -i. in sesedh Ferchertne . 1004-7 loos las 7rl ^"i' edach imbe L. lancubaid insin). i"'-' ^oi'i in comad coir L. a fasdad L. Is e sin : int 7 is sentughud iar co n-inannus.bomna 1010 degheanach. uair is is inund fidh aireghdha J is comlin do thaebomnaib.mal ia. bas 7 las. 7 n-airchetail ata. om. Etach uaime co ndath cro. 1001-11 ^^''> £.1020 a moradh a seda. L. Uan tuinni dath a da o Deda ata bas 7 air is airegar las and is : aentugud co ndeliugud amal 7 iar comardadh fil n-airchetail [ata L. nt est luis ailme. Arch. 1025 '«'« ni- am. in . taebomna taiseach -i. . a fogail a sechta. 7 airic o deda. Is e sin in sealbhadh saerdha cen reim acht reini remraite^ ica breith Ni ansa. taebomnai E. a Is e fri ochta. 7 int sentugud cen inannus comh. in comfat E. 1000 fri h. a asdadh a ndeich///^. . C.B. nt dicitíir 1005 A dath is gilithear geis. beithe ailme la. comhuaim fri ceathardu. om. 481 atchondarc ane L. a incosc a nsde. ed b.el.: 76 BB. Conagar dno fri isin aip[g]itir bunad o aen. 7 a com. 7 a cuict[h]i. choir n- airchetail. i. P. . 1019-27 E. dhluthadh riagail int a.

four. its rule with demonstration is in nine. for the principal vowel that stands is them . that perfect bas. to wit. Etheoir with him the third of Mac Aingin Naende son . to is Each two cansonants That is the proper rhyme. 1 Different. Foam of wave his two ears' hue. for the principal is them [and the same. to wit. the two. and : the unity without identity and it is according to poetic correin spondence. ut dicitur A I saw yesterday. the same. la. as bas and las.]. b]. its division from seven. every two consonants for a vowel. proportion. Now and its in the alphabet there its is required origin from one. and is it is an identical consonants consonant. its mation with and its binding together with amplifying from eight. ? the initial consonant. the fourth Cae of Nenual .: THE PRIMER and the words are fairly 77 woven out of them. That is the artificial possessive b a. its six. to wit. without rhyme save rhyme of vowels only. its establishment in ten. Mac . however. him a cloak with hue of blood. wit. las. the about the vowels measured of them are about the vowel. its confirfive. How Not is are hard. ut esf. placing by three. Amirgen son the . The one the fifth above. ba. refer it ^'"^'(Af'-f*^^ As a principal vowel only is required to ^^ ^fac-. and there that is and the an equal number of consonants proper arrangement of trisyllabic is poetry. Fenius Farsaidh . invention from two. so the consonants that exist are required. rider Two things are found there : identity combined with vowel that final difference. and it is according to the corre- spondence of stands in trisyllabic poetry. That the unity wíth identity. to seven. Round White as a swan his colour is. Jit est 1 a. . Not hard [2nd Ans.

Et aimser do aimsear 1030 Amairgein Glungm/ mac Tucaid a denma mzc Miled dia tothlugtid fair nEnechglais Cualand (324). oc nech ele ^"^' theibi L. iar n-Amairgin L.M. conid a ainm-se.Gr. int aen L. 323 /3 47 AURAICEPT . : : '^'^'''^ 1012 conna decatar E. dalta Feniusa Farr[s]aidh. Perso do amal ata aimser 'nar ndiaidh. int . Arranic Fenius Farrsaidh 1035 oc tur Nemrua[i]d cind dech mblia</«« iar scailiudh on is tur for cach leath. tur. i CÍa arranic a mberla-sa 7 cia airm i n-arneacht 7 cissi n-arnecht ? i Ni ansa. conid Inan[d] tra 1050 -i- ) Gaed// de-side o Gaedel mac Angin mic Glunfind mic mac Etheoir da ainm *^ Laimfhindh mic Agnumain do Gregaibh. 7 is and roan Fenius ocon and roaitreabh. no dorisi. 10^3 am berla sin L. ^""^ oc neach aile in E. 7 fí?. in e ochtmad Ceandfaslad in nomad dechmad a asdadh n-sen -i. comcenel E.78 in BB.ta a mbelrain fer Ba he hisin -i- Goedel mac Angein. i nd-ernacht E. 7 cach comberlaid dochuaidh and dochum a crichi 7 ni cach comcheniu[i]i amal rogab Cai Cainbreathach. conid andsin conaitchetar chuice in scol berla tobaidi leo di do theipu doib asna hilberlaibh tucsat muich conna beith oc ndich [a]iliu a mberla sain acht ic occaib-seomh a n-aenur. E. i : 1030 lo-'i"- i0o5 F. crich Locc don libur-sa : [i]ar nAmairgein Tochur Inbhir Moir i hUa mac Miled Miled. Origg. 1170 Onomast [641] O'D. i seo a thosach iu Uraiceapta nGlungeal. aiino 3501 A. : i6. no-foglaimed L. doridisi E. do Ú3ichi fair E. ^"'^ hEigepta. Ba do Ebraibh Ocus is a bhunadhus 7 co 1040 fodliesin Eigipt rofuidhedh. lo-'^-s^ Written as text in L. bodesin L.in trefocal. J^Ji/V andsain dorepedh a mbelra asna hilberlaibh. Is neoch no-foglaindfedh leithiu 1045 rotaiselbad do aenfir dib.z sa. Iv. 1154. : ^"^ cona robeth E. ^^^® ii. tothlugad L. i»-!» Indbir L. 25 /3 27 sechtmad a dalta Is a dhalta. . 915.D. Gaídel mac Aimergin 7 Gaedel i'^-'^ fasdad. in dara descipul sechtinogat na scoili.

and there he dwelt so that there the school asked out of of him select for them a select language the many languages which they had brought so with them from abroad that that speech might not be in the possession of anyone else but of themselves alone. son is of Greek Agrtumon. from Gaedel son of Angen son of Whiteknee son of Whitehand to wit. son of Milesius. That man was Gaedel. so that Gaedil. the seventh . or of anyone who should learn selected it it with them again. his the eighth its Ceandfaelad the ninth his pupil the tenth establish- ment in one. as e.. as Now son Gaedel son of Aimergen of the same bore Gaedel Ether. Who invented this speech. his father . to vvit. it invented. is derived from him. and in what place was Not hard. Gaels. Ferchertne . . one of the 72 scholars of the school. and is was attributed narne which is one man this his upon language.: THE PRIMER sixth 79 pupil . Fenius Farsaidh. at the Tower. the Trefocal. is This the beginning of the Primer according to this Amairgen Inbir Whiteknee. son of Angen. Cai Cainbreathach. He was And to Hebrew by origin and he was there Fenius himself remained. making it that the sons of Milesius of him as is after us. and at what time was it invented ? it the Tower of Nimrod at Fenius Farsaidh invented the person of The reason demanded it for at the end of ten years after the dispersion in every direction from the Tower. Tochur Milesius Moir its the territory of the Hy Enechglais Cualann sons of And period it period of the Amairgen White-Knee. sent to Egvpt.g. and it was every one speaking its the same language of that went there unto territory and not every one of the pupil same a stock. in Place of book. the of Then was so that it their language to out of many them languages.

^"•'•' 1054 1056 1062 cainiu E. 7 a v fri lanfogur 7 a v fri haen-choicfothibhuiHamalataicon Laitneoir7 is ed asb«V Gabaidh a chuic guúiaige-úwm an greim sin 1075 in Laitneoir : uiH. 1065 Inarb imda a grus Gen gurb imda as. roriddlad in berlasa doib. i hae co timairgtir L.neoir.. ut est: > Kg^'^^ Rolatha iarumh a fedha for leith 7 a taebomna dno Ni fail {sic).socarcaine leosum gutta 7 7 7 muiti 7 guttai amal atat icon l^di\t. timairctí/.thgutai amal na fail la Grego acht na muite do na rabha ainmniugud isna berlaib est airichta ainmnighthi doibh (isin Gxáilg). iarum do cach isna 1055 nba 7 leithiu 7 a mba ed darepedh isinn cairechtaire cach son do na airnecht aipgitribh aiHbh ol chena arrichta c^ritch. ^"^^ ainmnigt/íz E. . is radh ed dora[ta]d aco isinn Gíedelg -i. defogur L. ut Cach duil ailib grus 7 cloch 7 linn. 7 a v fri buga deghfogur. \n Aingin I 7 Etheoir. A • nba ferr 7 a nba leithiu 7 a i nba caimiu cach berla. '"" Hethet E. ^**'' socharcaimiu L. Hitrib ar ni fil a fhregra sin 10.i- 1070 10V3 1077 leosum fri rad guta amal ataat L. "'" ^"•"' Goidelg E. fearr is Is and iaramh mberla-sa. lethguthaige. Lat. .E. . Atconnac in lis Seach a teged glas. 367. 25 /3 43 robadar fora athair doriaghladh berla 7 a Goed//<. ^- iv. anda a a V fri cruas. mba caemu.324a20 AURAICEPT -i- E. Ferr i ceill leosum -i. arriachta E. fuil ^^'^ L. co regthar 7 leosura : ailm E.iaire leosumh doibh isin beithi-luis-nin in ogaim. : gruis E. co fil cach ae dibh fo leth o 'rlaile namma.a v fri fat 7 a v fri gair. utestLatine he •i.-/2 Js -ixíílaid L. cainiu E.nba socair caimiu fri muiti oca and inat leathgutta 1070 i. for leith. an ba E. do na airnechtair L.80 BB. ^O'^ futhaib L. omnes uocales produci 7 corripi pos\_s'\unt -i- itat na huili gyA\\aige Laitinda Leithiu i co caimnachtar co regdar -i- 7 co timaircetéT. io76 Qr. donernaclit E. ^""'^ socharcanfu E. : ragdar. 20 hee E. 1060 \Qd.

: THE PRIMER two names. pool. but only the mutes. vovvels as the Latinist has. ut est.• Latinist says His five vovvels all take that effect. so that every one of the other. they thought having vowels and mutes and in easier and pleasanter than semi-vowels. to wit. and five for a five sound and all diphthong than the one it underlying this is of them as is : with the Latinist. Broader in letters. Aingen and Ether. as they do not exist For every element. LatincB vocales ovines et produci et corripi possunt. to wit. widest. to wit. with the Greeks. what was easier and pleasanter to say.grus^ curds. cloch^ stone and I beheld the lis Past which would come a stream. and what the «/ ^j/ is. . were found linn. to wit. five of them for a long and five of them for a short. and five of them for soft full sounds and five for a five for a hard. them found iit for these the Beithe Luis Nin of the Ogham. and in for all every sound for which the no characters were found characters were by other in alphabets. in the other languages. What was Avas put best. that this language vvas regulated. Better in reason with them. In which its curds were many Though milk was not abundant. It 8i was there accordingly What vvas best accord- ingly of every language and what was widest and finest was selected for Gaelic . mutes. in Gaelic. for there is nothing F . est Therefore its vovvels were placed apart and its consonants also apart. them stands apart from Semivowels do not exist. and finest of every language by them it into Gaelic. that all the Latin vowels are such that they can be lengthened or shortened. for which there was no name names .

Tucait a scribind -i- a ciallaib 1084 tanach galmula lasin Laitneoir (jiacaf) with pimcia del : o i»8i lo».25/3y -i- lasin Laitneoir : leithiu a ciallaibh 7 foclaib 7 Htrib - lethe leithi a litribh i ^ jjj^u ^^^ Ni ^ fil a frecra lasin Laitneoir fil : 1080 íoclaid •{ grus J cloch 7 lind. E. nDacia arricht ci asberatar 1105 co mbad lOT'j i mmaigh Sennair. I 7. piscina lasin Laitneoir. ni ic leithe sluin. asberat E. gruthrar// lasin fil nGaedel : grus lasin nGaedel. immorro. ""*' nil prodit with (s) over d E. ail lasin i^Gaedel sropula lasin Laitneoir. ^^/^^^ g ^'^^ galmath. /3). ni fhil i a frecra i Laitneoir. ^^^'^ aichniged L. aband lasin nGaedel . 5 ail 7 ond L. asberait L. lapis^ lia E. '^^^ 1** piscina. ar cia in ilanmann icon Gaedel relait na raet. usce 1090 aninis lasin Laitneoir. gruth nGoedel dia ix&cx^ galmariuvi lasin Laitneoir faiscre lasin nGsedel : gahnalani lasin Laitneoir. sel) carrach lasin nGaedel. i^a^ 1096 gebethalaninand E. ina L. Is in Laitneoir fein -i- Nisi sciris nonien. cloch lasin : nGaedel : petra^ lasin Laitneoir. gruthran E. jjQ galgalam T. icon Laitneoir aqua lasin Laitneoir. is iat cenela cloch do na fuilet freacarthaich lasin nGaedel . stropula L. tic chiall fir asin uathadh foc«/ icon Laitneoir. '^^^'^ ^"^* carracc E.. Laitneoir lapis lasin Laitneoir. iar nEr E. 324^42 AURAICEPT E. 82 BB. sciueris E. relaití E. cognitio atbail int aichnius inna raet meni aichnigther 1100 e seo a thossach in libhair-sea iar Fenius 7 i^r 7 iar i nlair mac Nema . Íachlinn lasin nGaedel lasin linn. gruthrach T. 1099 Origg. om. •i' : : : : : : . Origg. lasin nGaedel. : Ni on. amal asbert reruni periit int ainm. nGaedel mac -i- Ethiuir.? fil ciallaibh . grus B. in Gaedelg L. 7 i foclaibh 7 Hitribh desin i anda bet Is ed asb^z'r in Laitneoir cid leithiu i foclaib 1095 Ilitrib in Gaed^/(f. tancatar L. xvi. iasc E. ^""s gluind L. i. Is iat sin a persainn 7 is a aimser I aimser tancatar m/talii Israel uili a hEigipht. Leithiu áxdiu in Gaedel in Laitneoir. Cloch (no sin : 7 oi^n 7 ailcne immorro (col. i'"'' 110-' persanda E. 3.^ gruth T. ni : a fregra sin lasin Laitneoir lasin grus : -i- tanach : galmula lasin Laitneoir. om. ana E. ni : a fregarthack-side lasin 1085. nomen L. .

What the Latinist says that though GaebV is wider in words and letters. there : is nothing answering to that with the : Latinist /apis with the Latinist. unless the i. grutJiracIi with the Gael " stirabout : : : to correspond with those curd. rock with the Gael scopu/us with the Latinist. to wit.náai/cne.. though others say was in the it plain of Shinar. gn/s. fish-pool with the Gael to the Gael's pool. of meanings. it it. pool. curds with the Gael to correspond with the Latinist's ga/marium is the Gael's cheese ga/ma/am with the Latinist. sharp pebble with the Gael. /z'nd. that : with the Gael. Hence then. : OlJL ^ ' however. . stone . . the beginning of this book according to Fenius. In was invented.e. as the Latinist himself says Nisi scieris : nomen. The reason for writing because . nothing is a cheese ga/mu/a with the Latinist. the Gael is wider in words and is letters than the Latinist. and according to lar mac Nema. with broader to wit. however. it is not wider in meanings. these are kinds of stones to which the Latinist has nothing correspondíng aqua with the Latinist. This when Dacia all it the children of Israel came out of Egypt. and Gael son of Ether. ." . is . and letters. to wit. the Latinist has curds . the Latinist has nothing correspond. stone with the Gael petra with the Latinist. cognitio rerum periit. THE PRIMER the in 83 that : Latinist respect has to correspond words. for though the Gael has many names in denoting the things. river with the Gael piscina with the Latinist. water with : " ' the Gael.2.onn. amnis with the Latinist.C/ocJi. These are its persons and this is its period. ing. the relative meaning emerges out of the paucity of words which the Latinist does have. c/oc/i. the knowIedge of the name is known. things perishes. That is not true. broader in letters ^ /^^^^^ it : The Latinist has nothing to correspond with broader in words.

B. lasi Eper mac Saile 7 Gregus mac Gomer otait Greic. cess in becc 7 1116-28 1122 Origg. Aur cach iss i toisseach n-aicci : aicceacht dano icht aicce descipz/1 icon gnim). 7 E. in tuir co flaithius Nin mic tri do coecat [a] righi ceitJiir 1120 bliadhna deac ar fichtib ar secht cetaib o fhlaithius in Nin mic Bel co deredh Is re linn flaithiusa Tutaines righ : domain.^neas Lauina 7 1125 Laitin fen áoxoine a caingen fris. ainces in mor) E.B. £_ Qf^. : iar-fodl. air is aicci : "^' aur L. 1110 amal in •i- ashet'r : Cat iat aib[g]itri (-i- 7rl. 135 11. 'ios j^ Uaraicepta L. 7 Nemruadh mac ndernad -i- Se primthaisigh Cuis. 23 ^i^ d'ingin L. ^"2 icht 1113 gnim) E. 134. caiteat 7 Aipgitre na Ni tri primberla eter ainmniugud charechtair? ansa. E. conad iarsin arriachta n[a] aip[g]itri a n-aentabaill. em. mbad e Laidin in sechtmadh primthuiseach Cest. Riabad Scot mac Gomer. : airite E. 11" na n-egeas 'i. 7 Fenius Farrsaidh. («i.84 BB. airigthi L. "0" thothlugud E. 14. i'^ conad bad B. rotoghladh in Trae fo dheoidh secht mbliadna cetJiorchat ingen Laitin mic Puin : conad tri bliadna ar noi cetaibh o scaileadh in tuir co tuc . : iarna foglaim L. : . 2. ii<'9 Qom& B.26^17 thotlugz/í/ do scoil mac nEitheoir a doibh inna go Goedt'/ nUraicept iarna idnacul do Maissi 7 iar foglaim do Chae Cainbreathach occa. co mad he L. viii. 324i3i5 AURAICEPT mhoir co Fenius thepe 7 co lar 7 £./ rídaeí) chucut neach nac/^ -i- agut : na nd-egeas in tor na ^ III5 cen cheass na fileadh. a bliadain coecat o scailed . Is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait lucht in Uraicepta-sa co in tuir. accepta •!• acceptus E. Aipgitir 1130 Ebraidi cetamus.nanai L. Tr. E. aur. air -i- h/s aidi: no aiccept ííl acceptus -i- { airite. ix. 7 Laitin mac Puin otait Laitinda. Da Bel. ii^ cateatt aibgidri na tri primberlad ainmnigt^j 1^*^ chairechtaire L.: na n-eices 'i' nanas cen cess (•!• . Cor.

etc. is table. . and Latinus son of Faunus whence are the Latins. the poets. : to wit. The alphabet of the Hebrews flrst. after that the alphabets were invented on one alphabets. : Tothmes king of the world till /Eneas married Lavinia. Query. and Six principal chiefs by Fenius Farsaidh. child nurture. as is he says : What : are the Anr is every beginning i. of the sages. to wit. M^ K — a deed. that Latinus was one of the seven chief rulers of the Tower. for : in nurture that the disciple is with his fosterer or aiccept that acceptus^ that is. of the men without the doubt.— THE PRIMER 85 was by the great school requested of Fenius. both name and character ? Not hard indeed. and Latinus himself made his covenant with him. unto thee of something that thou hast not na ?C>?y^t "- nd-egeas. Nimrod son of Cush. Eber Mac Saile. Seven hundred and seventy-four years from in the reign of Nin son of Bel to the end of the reign of whose time Troy was at Seven years old was the daughter of Latinus son of Faunus so that there are nine hundred and forty-three years from the dispersion of the Tower length sacked. of acceptance. that is. Aleph Hebraeorum. lar. Grecus Mac Gomer whence are the Greeks. From that it is evident that the people of this Primer do not advance accurately. and Gaedel son of Ether that ít should be selected for them as their Primer after it had been given by Moses and learned with him by Cae Cainbreathach so that . the whom Fifty-two years from the dispersion of Tower till the reign of Nin son of Bel with his reign of fifty-two. also aicce-acht. Riabad Scot son of Gomer. what are the alphabets of the three principal languages. to wit. Tower was made. it is icht aicce. lesson..e.

324^35 .86 5 BB.

évvoL^óaiou c . 87 A of ^ "3. Alpha of the Greeks and the Latins. •1 A B X b c r E Z n T í e r H n b 2 b j e I h A M = O n p 1 m n o P q V' D V 3 ^ P n V C T T X u X s 1 n n (Sampi) 900.THE PRIMER Aleph of the Hebrews.

trom. cuileand. immorro araile co nach o dhainibh itz> . . -i- Athaig fedha fern. lemh.(325) ta in beithi-luis-nin eter fedha 7 tsebomna 7 bai morshesser ba huaish'u do suidhibh inn 1 o ran- ainmnighthea na . seacht . quideiii -i- Airigh fedha dur. sce.. conid aire sin rolatha a fedha 7 a taebomna for leith 1145 7 it e a Asberat n-anmand soin fordotait iarumh. . 1155 11*^ in aipgidir E. ^'^ foratait L. fuas E.1 leith ^l aoue T)1|l TÍn z^Wo e indso ^ ^t HIBX it araili deicJi feda airegda filet ann 7 n-anmand tri : > t inTl sen IHI HínX secht b j^^e e a doformagat frisna thuas 'lJíll^ii-ffi. .26a24 Is e in fer cetna tra Fenius Farsaidh arainig inna ceithri aipgitir Ebraidi 7 7 aipgitri-sea -i- Laitinda 7 in -i- beithi-luis-nin in in ogaim fo / is airi certiu in dedenach beith^ air is deoidh dib / it arricht. int anmand-somh T. roforletha E. crithach. cíerthand. fedha aireghdha ogaim. uindsiu. sail. "" 114ÍI rolaiti hi for leith L. feorus. certidi L. "•5" airidh B. bethi. : "•" bae E. ibur. ^^'^ huaisliu.88 BB. "'^ oguim L. -i- abhull.^j aithnig pat aichinti H. ggj. coll.airig:h fedha 7 1150 athaig fedha 7 lossa fedha 7 fodhla fedha . fotha E. 324 (3 37 AURAICEPT Grecda is E. gius. "•^ 1147-97 doformagat E_ Q„i^ sin. ibu«r B. ^^'^ jair L. \^NJ^ \ ainmnighter fedha inn n-ogaim isin Gíedhelg acht o chrandaibh gen gu haichinter anniu araile crand dibh. Bai coiciur ar fichit 1135 isin scoil ba huaislzí/ e a n-anmand for. Fodla fedha andso draighen. E. 1140 conadh Asberat a „ oiri rolaithi it for r . J is uaithibh sin a ceathrur ainmnighter fedha in oghaim. Air atat ceit/iri hernaile for crandaib -i. : fordorca E. gy j.

vvhitcvvit. however. and the Beithe Luis is for this it reason the last. to wit. qiiidem^ to vvit. aspen. yew. thorn.: THE PRIMER Novv Feníus Farsaídh ís 89 that díscovered the same man these four alphabets. to alder. vvhich are vovvels upon the Beithe Luis Nin both and consonants :' And there vvere seven that vvere most noble among these. ^ the three that vvit. and Latin alphabets. to . and it the Beithe is more exact There vvere in the school because vvas discovered last. ash. there are four classes For trees. so placed apart for that reason they have been U e 1 ee[d^oo > miT]iin nnix -^ a it Others say that ten principal vovvels stand in these are their and names <> : ^ > lT)iTlt111l11l And these are ^ ^ L. the Hebrevv. Peasant trees. birch. tvventy-five that vvere noblest among them. from vvhom the seven principal vovvels of the Ogham have been named. those that set to the above seven. The shrub trees here. it is Others. holIy.1L-P1_ o )^ aaee so on account apart. to wit. to their vovvels *4^I1!1. herb trees. . to vvit. say that not from men at all that trees. Greek. hazel. Chieftain trees. of trees. vowels are named. Nin of the Ogham. and shrub trees these four that the and it is from Ogham wit. chieftain peasant trees. mountain-ash. apple. fir. elm. willovv. and their consonants have been and these are the names which are thus upon them. Ogham vovvels are named in Gaelic but from though some of these trees are not knovvn to-day. oak.^^^i'^^ iiu ii 1 X0r^||c C increase . and these are their names.

luis caertheand Fernd dono. 1160 airi sin is i mbeithi roscribadh in cetainm ogaim -i- tucadh a nErind Rthlenn {•\•!• secht mbeithi tugad do uait m'si eain Is aire sin Lugh mac custodi^e^ris berthair do bean mine derna tu a ccimét L. o chrand 1165 rohainmniged isint -i- o cairtheand •!• uair luis ainm caerthaind •i^ shenGaedelg ut dicitur: Li sula caer. Nin ar ailleacht a dno. 43. Tinne dono. o chrand rohainmniged jít dicitur : Airenach Fianw •i^ fernd. ut dicitur airde doss- duir. Nin -igarmna dognither do uindsind •i^ isin aimsir 1175 sidha togaibtí^r garmna. . fri -i- fedlend. di dogaithear na sgiatha lasna Fianaib T. "«3 aibgidreach L.] : no ar is uathmar hi ara deilghibh. is o chrand rohainmniged •!• •i^ o uindsind tit dicitur cosdad sida nin coscairther in uiwnius. "«^ cala T. "'" Li ambi mairb soil T. beos scríbthar is beithi a tosach ^v^gitre in ogaim. -i- aitean. 24. "'^' "'^ coscraidthea L.: : 90 crand BB. Huath dono. xxvi. Luis dno. : "«• Feochas L. 45 "*» datha a caer is di aliter RC. L. iii. lecla luachair Beithe dno on cois in bheithe beithe rohainmnigheadh ar cosmaillius ^ií dicitur Feocos íoltchain 7 is in beithi. 325 a 18 fir. fi. raid. idat T. is o chrand sidh ginol no cosdudh sidha rohainmniged •i- -i^ sce \iit dicitur : comdal cuan huath sce L. fidhat. AURAICEPT Lossa fedha /rl. is o chrand rohainmniged -i- ]180 cuileann [trian roith tindi L] •'v ar is cuileand in tres "•^ ethleand. coscrach sida T. § 72. is (?. om^. gilcach. is o chrand roHainmniged ut dicitur : Li ambi 1170 •i^ nemli lais •i^ ar cosmaiUius a datha fri marb. Sail dano.//.?ncholl. ^''' H. Duir dono. trian a rothenne B. aib o chrand rohainmniged. ar : is di doniter craind g£E triasa uindis. "«o-»'' cf. air is di na sgeith. ^^''^ fiada fearn fear •!• is na sgeith B. fraech. Ajiec.

again. seven birches were brought to Lugh son tiisi of Ethleann. elder. its i. that time of peace weavers' beams are raised.. : .. ut dicitur is Higher than bushes a tree. i. from mountain- because is the name is of mountain-ash in old GdLoWc^ut dicitur : Delightof eye mountain-ash. alder. to rushes. viz. bird-cherry. named . ut dicitur alder. is named from The colour of to the resem- a lifeless one. again.. Then it is named from Itiis a tree.i.e.. are made the spear-shafts by which the peace broken or. huath.. is named from a oak. of the WarriorSail. an Tinne^ again. Huath. thy eavi c?ístodieris. to wit. a tree. Nin. a tree. that because holly Coll. furze. i. holly. ash. owing too blance of hue to a dead person. made of ash. etc. dicitur : willow. or because is is formidable owing to Duir. for of is it : A^check on peace is nin. Herb lecla^ trees. ut dicitur A meet it of hounds viz. Fern.e. A check on peace is is uindis. its white-thorn thorns. again. tree. ash. to wit.: THE PRIMER black-thorn.. maw in is of a weaver's beam which viz. is wife will be taken from thee unless thou watch her. Ogham alphabet. bog-myrtle. oak. again. i. honeysuckle. viz. ut dicitur ash. to wit. broom. vvit. to wit. : Nin is named from a tree. test-tree. that is a is..e. its heather. for The van íit bands. a third of a wheel holly. is one of the is three timbers of the chariot-wheel. 91 spindle-tree. : named from is a tree. again.e.. whíte-hazel. is named from is. Now beithe has been named from the birch owing to tit resemblange to the trunk of the birch.e. to wit. that thereof are the shields. : named from is. white-thorn. dicitur Of wiíhered trunk fairhaired the birch. It is on that account b still written at the beginning of the as to luis. and therefore on the birch was written the inscription first Ogham that was brought into Ireland. it has no colour. owing is to the beauty of its berries.rowan.

trom. -i. . airdi masi n-airde -i- fhasas a finemhain. Ebhadh -i. : : taebomnaib L.ochtach. Is a amhlaidh innister thair for fedhaibh isin -i^ Cin Ollaman 7 i -i- cethirs[h]Ucht fegh7 1205 lenchumang. i'-'"*' lencumang L.crand giuis -i. sraibh B. aibh. 26 a 43 fidh roith in carbait. and -i. Iphin •i- spinan no ispin Anmand Fedha Cest. Straiph dono -i- -i- draighen. FiiiiíT. "S5 ceirt L. dicitur: o chrand rohainmnighead -i- abhuU ut -i- cHthar boaiscille -i- elit gelt quert aball. lir cumang? Ni ansa. Oir -i- crithach.amal bes a n-aic?Wcidh mor gidh beg e. Straif L. ut dicitur.325a39 AURAICEPT Coll dono. """ ruisc T. -i- Ruis dono -i. lethchuniang a leathgutaibh.ochtach T. 7 ecumang a muitibh ar ni is treshlicht as choir .crithach (col. 7 mutzM. sreabhudh sdraibh T. •i- ruice ruis trom. j •i> 120310 1205 o/w. 1208 tre licht L. 1185 -i- Muin dono iarsinni finemhain. is -i- o chrand rohainmnig- ed iit dicitur cainfidh is coll cach ac ithi -i- a chno. ruamna Ailm dono -i.92 BB. lanchumang fedaib. cumang a forfed- egumang Atberat araile fedaibh. dainibL.conasfirbade uath -i. 1204 is amlaidh so huath. Ngetal dono getal -i- -i- gilcach no raith ut dicitur : 1190 luth lega cilcach : no raith. gach slicht B. ^i«8 "''i Eithieand L. Lanchumang intibh uilibh eter fedha 7 taebomna co nd^jirba huath -i.ed uath crand fir no ibhar. ii''*2 draigean L. 7rl. Uilleand -i- edleand. 1195 -i- feorus no edind. raid. onn 'i.lanchumang a cumang a forfedaibh. -i- E. Ur fraech. "^'^^ aitenn. Onn -i- aiten. Queirt dano. cumang Lanchumang a egumang. ii'J-* dono E. ut dicitur aire srabha sraibh draighin. Idho Edhadh -i. muin Gort dono -i- edeand Glaisiu geltaibh gort •i- edind. cethir slicht L. ^). /// dicitur. cis fidh tra sin uile amal fogabar isna Duihbh 1200 inn ogaim 7 ni ho dainib ut alii dicunt.

e. how many all are their powers ? Not hard. beauty is viuin.— THE PRIMER from a from a boiscill. Others say that three divisions are proper there. wit. broom or broom. . is. that may be. that because is. ut dicitur : A physician's strength is. Iphin. is Straiph. that a vine-tree. again. power is in them both vowels and consonants.. that black-thorn. that is. to is. that is. its Queirt. of a stream that is. tree. Oir.. that etc. Full power in vowels. Now all these are wood names such as are found in the Ogham Books of Woods. with the is. power and half-power. Ur. that as their nature that h might be it truly sunk. for power . i. viz. mutes is Query. every one eating of i. Onn. is. tree. to wit. ut broom or fern.. what and no semivowel exists with the long in vowels and diphthongs. elder. to fern. that gooseberry. spindle-tree. again. that yew. a ^ vine-tree. ut is dicitur : Fair wood. ut dicitur is. a pine tree. want of power in mutes. test-tree or aspen. again. vvit. that aspen. horrible is. ut dicitur The redness of shame a fir elder. an apple : Aluin. is i. four divisions that are . full power and want of power.e. Highest of that is. Ebhadh. is. Ido. 93 is.. It is so set down in the Book of Ollams. FuU is. it : grows ivy. that ed uath. tit alii dicunt. queirt. power in diphthongs.. Query. grief.e. want of power Gael. tree. Ailni. full power in in vowels. and half-power in semivowels. again. Edliadh. a wild hind is. and are not derived from men.seen on vowels. is or ivy. ut dicitur is Shelter of a that is. honeysuckle. that nuts.. dicitur : The hedge Ruis. : named tree. whether be great or small. that : is. hazel. exception of h. to wit. that heath.e. again. that ivy " Greener than pastures is Ngetal. viz. is ruis. Gort. that furze. i. is. and in diphthongs.. black-thorn. is sraibJi. or thorn. i. an apple tree. Uilleand. again. again." aloft.e.

1210 is aibh 7 gair hi taebomnaib gair suidigud. 68 v. i : . forfedh. Amal ita Ard (A) Cuis. cate fot -ii £. 325)3 13 AURAICEPT Cest. a Slebh Luachra -i- ocht i dialt i i i anmand slebhe saindriudh ut dixit Mac Da a. a da recomrac.— 94 fil BB. 28 ^'^^'^ Origg. om. Oenfidh airegda i ndialt. 230. Gr. gair(de) taobomnaib E. 1^32 \q^ araili iwtormaig E. L. iarcomarc. Rosaigh dedenach- á\diu scalp. 51.afiav'\ J. air for/ed. feUs L.26^45 fedhaibh 7 i leathguta la Gsedel. uí bracht tract druct 1 Scxivithair J ni hairimther uath isna foclaib 230 aib arna acht nod tinfid. : . dassie« \Za. iii. 9 recomarc. Gr. 112. i. leath- aimser for taehomnazl? do gres a corus Cest. : 1220. Cilk. isna htrib L. 326: Aspiratio H. .ard) slebhi. amal ata á (-i. a mbricht. felis 7 cloenre J luibenchosach claideamnas 7 bricht.scile« \\pCKy\v'\ -j. Cerd[a] : Damh conngair eter da Fon-gluaisi gaeth gulbanda. 14 cf. 1222-7 E. o. cia roig llaigí-/ -i. a coic hi claenre. ii. i-'i : . a ceithri i i fil/i-. 19. Cest.dialt co ceill coic litri and a mmeit 7 llaiget co oenlitir 7 is focal son. cis 7 lir dech docussin? Ni ansa. pp. 325. 7 Ard (A) Cartaind. tit 1220 n-as mode: rosaigh est a. Lat. a se luibenchosach. 15 132. Thes. i. a secht claidemnas. 520. ^'^ scrin E. 28 Margin. 33. Is uallach int 1225 arganda lurganda inis Re 7 trichait sed o (-ii cluas) for cind 7 [i] CoXuim est. cenmota taebomna. A ocht : dialt 7 i recomrac 7 iarcomrac. a tri i i 1215 n-iarcomrac. v. 8 ^'•^^ rosig E. ocht a mbricht 7 e met 7 laigett cacha Gaeidelgi o dealt ^"^^ deich dochusin L. mmeit co a litrib. Cach as ndialt iarum na Deich co a tormaig araili cowcumung cach is íocail. 33 viii. fri coic littri. Lat.

to wit. each of them eight of is the equivalent of a word. : names of particular mountains. á. such as Cuis.— . Query. H written and not counted letters in the last words. in Such Sleeve are Á (Ard) and Á (Ard) Cartaind. in bricht. seven of them in claidevinas. both included. one. and that a word. ut dixit Mac Da Cerda A " stag bells between two heights. to wit. letters. a meaning. . and (I) Colum drucht. Query. and o. for the of Ogham diphthongs half-time on consonants always. the stalker Before thirty long-shanked deer. that there may be power . how far does a syllable extend to in greatest and least ? To wit. eight of them in bricht.^ o. an ear a . a mountain height.: THE PRIMER short in consonants? that lavv is is 95 short by position. gap. is scalp. it reaches fat superior limit up to bracht. are there? Not hard Eight of them six : one syllable . felis. cloenre. is tracht. therefore. recomrac. . One principal vowel in dialt. N A piercing Proud is wind tosses ij) us. . dialt. on a head. to wit. how many dialt. which is the greatest reaches an inferior limit at one letter. two syllables. Verse-feet up to them are And from that is the superior and inferior limit of all Gaelic syllables. Cille's five Island. three . but it is a dew among the mark of aspiration. Then ut est. seven and eight syllables. two of them in recomrac. Luachra. that is. verse-feet . to every syllable. six of them in luibeíichossach. iarcouirac. five bricht. As strand . claidevmas. five letters are in it est. a. three five of of besides consonants. luibenchossach. viz. ut i. eight. them in iarconirac. four . to bricht. four of them in feles. them in cloenre. that does not add to another. a syllable with it.

: ix.96 BB. cate mac mic deochraigtíT eter cinniud 7 cintech[u] 7 is cinntichu son? ceirtiu Ni ansa. alaile E.94 note) almost opposite. Cia haenfocí/1 gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Aurai.50 toth 7 troeth E. in tuir -i- friscara di araili. Caite a meit a dechraigtí-. Cest. is ar B. . Scoti E. cindead L. tis tair tiar tes tuaid is gu rub recomarc comdeich. Grecda E. forfodailtea E. Riabath Scot a quo Scoiti. J Faillech mac Ragau Arafaxat mic Seim. ^'^ fodail L. Innell imcomurc 7 tinnell int eirwiud. sin 7 da ceimend sechtmogat in 1245 Cest. ^^52 Grecaig E. Latini.. 1258 inas L. ^^* tarmsce leam forcind no fedha E. ^^^ imcomarc. om. Riabath Scott. caidi deifir eter indeall 7 tindell int ? Ni ansa. p. Corop cach .E.'3 E. : : dodomiditer E.l Eabraide should be aspirated to Hebraide. ar 1240 cubaid a comfid 7 a Coig airmi cintecha da tuaith sechtmogat / da comairlig sechtmogat acco 7 da berla sechtmogat for fodailt doib 7 da deiscip?// sechtmogat tancadar la Feinius do {oglaim na mberla airdi in tuir. ^'^*'' todh L. ni2c jx. Cinniud in aipgitir Grecda. om. fri ? Domiditer alta uad n-indsci. Is bricht a mbith ocht 1235 ^í/bunad cacha Gxáe]ge fri dialt acht mod / to/// / traeth. int erned E. ^'^ tuaid L. B. The glossator thought ^-'' nas L.26ay co cumangar du s'úla/'a. Laitin mac Puin 1250 a quo Laitini. : : ^'i- domiter L. Ni tuas ansa. Cindtichu L. fodluim E. '^'^'^ -^^^ Reu L. E. ndernad in tor -i- EbcT mac Grecus mac Gomer a quo Greci. 325^33 AURAICEPT -i- E. aipgitir -i- Cinntichu Grecda. co bric[h]t cona n-athgabail diblinaib gach Is dialt iarna tinol deach. 1253 1256 adds inas L. cindus domiditer cach n-indsci ?^/ esl. Aspin is written out. alta duine amal domiditer fri cach Cest. lasi Seacht primtoisigh Saili. na mberlad E. dialt friscara di araili. ^emxuadh Cuis mic Caim mic Noi. E. na '-'^' n-ilberla L. V339 1-^5 12. ar 1255 quam in ind aipgitir (326) Aspin Ehraide. immo?'ro 'LdÁúanda na in aipgitir Cinntichu son Laitianta uair beithi-luis-nin in ogaim na in aipgitir is fo deoidh arricht.1260 cepta cen deifir tomuis 710 tarmfí?r/cind 710 feda no focail i2. The marginal gloss (v.

Grecus son of Gomer. tindeJJ the solution. and 72 counsellors with them. however. west. more is definite. G The . THE PRIMER to every syllable. how are they measured with every speech? Not hard. pupils that came with Fenius to and 72 paces was the height of indeJl. IndeJJ the question. est. Nimrod son of Cush. up. more exact than definite than the Hebrew More definite. corre- south. what is the difference between yoking. ís bricJit in 97 It which are eight all syllables. Ouery. and most definite? it Definite the Greek alphabet. son of Ham. a qno Graeci Latini . ut . to wit. toth. letter. Dialt. is the foundation of Gaelic except inod. feet of for the Iike vowels and the like verse- them rhyme. and ^2 learn those languages. syllable. a quo a quo Scotti . AJta. each syllable east. tindeJJ. Ogham for was invented to What single word comprehends word. 72 peoples. and and wit. for alphabet.. what are the different significations between definite. ? termination. Query. to Eber son of Saile . joints. form Not hard. That down. Riabath Scot. to wit. son of Noah . the Latin alphabet of the is it More this. son of Arphaxad. Five certain numbers of the Tower. and tmetJi. Latinus son of Faunus. unyoking? Not hard. 72 languages divided among them. the Beithe Luis Nin last. the Latin alphabet than the Greek alphabet. north that one dissyllable may spond to another. and Peleg son of Ragau. son of Shem. may correspond to another. the Tower. of science are measured with a man's joints as they are measured with every speech. or the four divisions of the Primer without regard difference of measure. after they are gathered into verse-feet. Seven chief leaders by whom the Tower was made. is Not hard. Query.

clach 7 ach bocad d -i. is i n-oen di littzr. d. Semiugud g -i. Texíe. Sain. na son sin n 7 g Ei L. ogha. oir o uing L. 7 E. o chianaibh. 1272 12"« a Phatraig T. larsin Laitneoir bidh tinfid iar cach i^. roc. c. tinfeadh L. 1285 i^^'? 1282 a mbrat dibad E. a thuaigh. i«i-2 E. xvii.o chiun.ehonmazd chena rempo doecmain^. ar gebid ar Ebraide Grecda -i- 7 Laitianda. lot. om. Bocad cuill -i.orro dibdudh -ia mbricht ass di raith amal ata ardibdad sa'úcc/i -i. che(Ona E.for Ib. guirt agda ogda E. Is sain in so cuhat'd (-i- ^X^TITI ^ -i- euad 7 1285 edadh dorusa uerdi is tabair esemplair) gur uinge 7 cingit 7 cuing ecen di consani -i- n J g. Bogad beithi cetamus -i. 12"9 1281 ogh L. Bocad cetumus for tdiQhoinnaib maing doib -i' do p 7 do c [7] do 'na ndiaidh doeag.do'ih •[• for coic taehomnat'd -i. 12^5 12"« a bé find. a bhe binn. i. Semigud t •ia thir. g. Airdibdad immorro forta [dá] taebomna for ferna (-i- -i- for sailig 7 1280 X taebomna amal fedaib) -i.E.tath 7 ath. ica B. : . 326a5 AURAICEPT Ni ansa.sow frisnad cub. Semi- gudh immorro forna ta.98 BB. i'*' : bocud 163 7 semed 1268 7 airdibudug«í/ E. do chein. sop. seimiugad litt/r La. 132. a f[h]ir.sop 7 lop -i. Semigud amal ata a Batraig.a ghradh 7 a 7 is i .sodh 7 odh. Bocad for gort -i. t. ind f[h]eda.magh 7 agh. /r. ar ni bi p isin Gaedz7<:.tz'anda ica scribinrt' na Ni hecen acht ^j^^ a oenur ar son 7 i^ i2«3 12"» doni E.: o chind E. 1275 Seimiugud c dono -i. : 0'Molloy Gr. E. ^'^ iú dorsa uí^-bi E. a bhan.1265 t ut cloch.ébonma isin Gaed/A:. a s[h]uil. 34 •!• abhind E. d[h]uitsiu. for sail 7 for fearnd L.: a tuath. p.a bhen. i«PO forda. o chetoir. uath and i[s] semiu 'nas n-aill.amal ata B[h]atraig. airdibad L. on chiuin L. both. Treidi doghni uath : bogad 7 7 semigudh is 7 airdibdad. Uath 1270 bogas in beithi fil and. 26/319 na forgnuisi aipgitir ? In focul is aípgitir. Airdibdad ferna frisna -i- a fhind. Seimigud b immorro -i.a s[h]al.d[h]amsa. a a thuath L. airdibad E. Semigud d -i. Bocad for tinni -i. Ebra L.

of the letter. comprehends the Hebrew. usual after every consonant in initial. viz. This is different from the rhymes 7 )C > Tín C. viz. and edadh of the beginning^f a word (give examples) that in uinge. stone. táth. : and and viz. however. extinction. wit. ford b. the and that is. Airdibdud. its Séinigud of however. is. of t. to to a shál. c. axe : of g. ut cloch. that five on sop consonants. chianaibh. lenition of first : and airdibdud. falls upon is. lenition of final initial (?). sódh. booth. viz. dhamsa. . a sJtúil. extinction. g. c. is. extinction is on them. to me. such as the extinction of wit. his hair. his love. Sémigudh. cingit. b. his land. According to the Latinist.e. dissolution. (?). is than the other example. f. dhuitsiu. clach. a fJiir. agh. comes upon two con- sonants letters s (i. a bhán^ blank space. : and odh. c. : of d. plain. that their s. chiunn. h that softens the b that stands in as for p does not is exist in Gaelic. turning. sémigud. viz. h which viz. . chetoir. It is Bogadh of b first.: THE PRIMER word alphabet. ach. his heel . immediately of t. O man ind fJieda. stone is boíh. softer a Phátraig. it. a bhe binn. aspiration 'GaeHc. and Latin alphabets. and of g. just now. to wit. a bhen. lenition of however. that f. from afar. music viz. and a ógJia. O sweet woman : of c also. alas ! Bogad of dth. viz. a fJiind. consonants become like vowels). [to] his to thee : a thír. a ghrádJi. g. the consonants in general and precedes them.. Sérnigud. there. viz. of d. viz. his virgins. d. and such such as Pdtraig. his wife. magh. Extinction of . do chein. lop. his eye. H Bogad p. a thuaigh. cow. and cuing there Ís need for two Latin letters to write the consonants n. it falls on consonants and follows them. /\ There in is no need but of y^jK onJy for these two letters Gaelic.euad. and t. sínce. causes three things. being deleted altogether. bogad. for it 99 Greelc. t.

na lorga fuach 1310 filid. fris Í^^^^\m///M'^ nad cv^iaid cach tria > 7ffl 4 cingit. 326a25 AURAICEPT isin . xiii. It coic gne berla tohaidi -i- 7 fasaige na filed 7 berla etarsgarta 7 berla fírttide na triasa n-agaill?V cach dib a chele 7 iarmberla amal rogab ^Aideachtdi 1305- Cuic aicce -i- ruin. E. bal : forban E.1. ^ V^. asberar L.: lOO ín BB. aigill fortchide L. >tin^^^< cuing. ^^» tra B.0) íe ^ -i- uinge. chanaig L. ^'^~ miridi L.3 34 da littr^ sin Gsedilc. neamh im defoghur -^ andsen. sec[h]na. min (-i- beic) iphi and mín arba usce -i- >4fflK Nemh im i[t] -i- ta. -i- Seit (-i-) conar tria : -^ a scribind. 12% 1297 1^-» 1Í96-1301 ^•'03 E. Neim nathrach .h/iam. neamh berla >^ Fene filcí/ 1300 and naemh e ^ and nem in and. 26 . re iarmbérla v. Et muirne -i- -i- mirum no 7 atat 7 miruine. RC. i^"-^ seit ^jj. -fll}- a scribind and. a scribind. Gne n-aiU dano -i- he es em co tre tair do o fo i"'i '^'•'^ frisna decubaid L. Ni 1290 dat inunna dno J> suin seeit dib-seo X^1TW <^> ^^^ ^-^^» in teinid. tra 7 Gne do iarmberla 7 iar J n-aill d^v iarum 7 dno immorro 7 7 edon J cest J cair J cisne J -i- caidat J ni ansa Jr\. trega B. no do chawaid n-aill ainm. Gne dno It e forsna (-i- feraib) J in sin fona lasin esna J tresna.. is Et ballorb is -i- ball do forbau na . anuscí? E. 267 1-"» ^^*« dorb T. om. L. forbu L. 1295 Air trega ar a tugad forfeda eter isin aib[g]itir in ogaim do fregra -i- do amal aáherar isna a fail breathaibh nemedh bis genmota forfeda defoghur na nguta is J dono do sainigedh isna : fogh/zr forsna fedhaibh. item L. L. -f|f|< cst. . ut est. air 7ít buga fogair : forfedhaibh.

out to wit. cuing. by writing -^. wit. For there are all three things for which diphthongs were introduced at into the Ogham is alphabet. they blovv the fire. moreover. rhyme by . Ogham vowels.0X ^ ^•^•' ^"^«^^' yoke. etc. there. also.> X*fTni C Seit. Et ballorb. he that. is est. Parted Language. is written >-Tim. that ^^^'íh. saint. ^^t ^st. how many. under. : Min. poison of a is. correspond to a diphis. 0""ce. >4Tfll<- heaven round earth neamh. ill-will. viz. with reference to water -^ to is there. unto. member ^ano. is a road. ^ ae Irish. that except Ogham diphthongs in . Neini. seeit. small. which there are two sounds of softness of sound that exists in tit the vowels and also to differentiate sounds upon the neanih. i. y^ ea there : naenih. now. serpent. are the staves of vvords with the poet. even. query. therefore. to wit. poison. over. or of iU There another kind of iaruibérla. not hard. thong as said in the nenied judgments. flfj-. Commentaries of the Poets. under. Obscure Language of the Poets through which each of them addresses his íéllow. after. on. through. is from. on. on the (men).e. to wit. indeed. are. past them. and iarnibérla five species viz. they step. to . : These are the — Language of the : such as Ctiic. TTIII/^Tn??^^ are not the same with which each one of these does not '^lllí >im^55^ i. of. of the Selected Language. he has a for a will.e. Now sounds ^•^•' '^if^S^t. That an interloping s^llable with the . indeed. written by Min. 7ieni. through. meal of corn. pray. a secret. Theue too.. -T||J< i is there. for it is a the Ogham diphthongs. for completing poetry or it is the name Et is niuirne. is heaven. is i there. :> loi V^.THE PRIMER /// est. what Another kind Another kind to.. there are. spears.

fortchidi L. oc ecnuch nac[h] in fiH. : rofhás L. amal rogabh ros -i- roi intan) as rois cíeIH 7 rass iar Hnd intan 1320 /-J) as ros usce ass -i- rofhos mad for marbusce no (col. -i- Berla na so -i- in gne deidinach smit -i- sund bri rigi -i- briathar.B.i inis. i333 egnach L. 8 24. 248 trian an idi. in indsi uasal •i- 1326 1328 anfam. 22 1*^ 7 smit. no is Espain eicin amal rogab i n-Imagallaim na filed -i- Da Thuar: Brimon i[s] -i- smetrac[h]. roidh mad for sruth 7 ro as intan as ros Hn -i- ar a luas 7 ar a thigi asas. rói oss : L. ross rofois. Is aire raiter iarmberla de : ara se[c]dacht -i- amal iarunn. •i^ i róidh L.102 fair. om. P. isi^-ss 13" iar. etaH hi scuil -i- uasal 1325 7 aro -i. ^^^ na fil. ross ^*^^ -i' Arch. da fedtar a thaithmeach berla ranig lar no iarmberla mac Nema fo dheoidh 7 ni fetar a thaith. no rooidais E. •!• : fegthar L. RC. 7 mon -i- cleas. E. fedthar B. mon cleas. 78 : Bri amain E. ut oiss est. C. 26 /3 44 Dialt n-etarlemmi in sin lasin larmberla tra -i- cosin annuas. om. fhasas L. i^^" iii. 1313 seanacht L. BB. L. E. cnaimh hisuidhiu E.Eiri no Espain. rach 1334 fil •!• rigi E. : ros cailli L.amal E. . : isis-is £_ om. 7 forrach -i- : no bri -i- 1330 briathar. amal asrubairt in file Feniusa: EtaiH aro ni anfem de -i. Tr. Iss e in coic(ed) fil Cleas brath^rda sin donidis na fiHd -i- smit a cluaisi do gabail ina laimh ni amal j J ( cnaim sund raib eneach iconti egnaigeas I 1335 gne in gnat[h]berla fogni do cac[h]. 7 cluas. Cor. Ocus am berla ft^rteidi -i- fordorcha no ruamanta inna ^\áeachta. inis EtaiII L. 7 smetrach -i- smit forrach -i- co forrgidis neach.ni a«fem de imram co risam in innsi n-uasail -i.1315 meach. 1319 1321 i32:J iarw L. •i- Ocus berla n-edarsgarta berla tresa fuil deHugud na quando (-i- eter fid na fedaibh aireghdaibh n-aire[gh]da isin aenfhocul triana n-inde taithmeach. : roiss E.2 j^g . anfam de corraisem ^'^^ ^^*'-** hEriu E. roais qiiando as ross lin E. E.imramh -i. 326a44 AURAICEPT filid. na xxvi. ^325 {„^111 aro E. 1329-34 Cor. .

duck meat. . if it it is duck weed. on account of the swiftness and density wherewith it And the Bérla Fortchide. it is rois caelli. and forrach. iarniit. Brimon smetracJi. ear. we not cease from rowing tiU that is is we reach it the noble Island. as no bone exists whom the poet satirises could have no honour-price. hardness like or iarmbérla^ last. for example that is. down this It is for reason that Unaccented Language. along a pool when rest. stretching or. ut est. iron. . the great darkness or obscurity of poetry. the bri. copses of wood. Etall. . viz. . that is. and mon. that is. quando (when) rass. . plain of deer. that Fenius that is. is said of to wit. rofhos. and ross of water. kind is the Usual Language which serves for it is every one for others say of the Bérla Féine that the .. Unaccented Language. flax seed. as said the poet in the school of : Etaill aro ni anfemde. shall noble . rowing to wit. and aro. The fifth . i. discovered and that it is not possible to analyse And Language is. that is. word. Language of the Poets that is. bérla. . last This kind here. 103 to this point. the speech which lar Mac Nema it. and ro ás when grows. then. that is. to wit. or roidh it is out of it if it be on a stream. Obscure Language. roi oiss. or is definitely Spain. that which the poets used to do in satirising. i. bj'i. is language through which there distinction of the principal vowels in the individual their word through analysing ros. fortchide. the individual hand. feat. A bfotherly trick is 'fjfTt^j that they might injure some one.. is on account of its it . be on stagnant water. or in the Spain the . to wit. if it possible to analyse that is. that is. feat and smit. Parted among the principal vowels.e. Ireland. island . word mon.THE PRIMER poet. meaning. as found Conversation of the is Two Sages. great ass. ros lin. iarunn. to take the lobe of his ear in his there. is. and smetrach. . ear-lobe compression.

} Ni ansa. Cia bad gairit iarum in defoghur neoir remunn inrathaigte. : defect in MS. BB. atbera L. codarsna sin deich fedha 7 na coic fedha 7 "(a secht) fedha 7 na 1360 coic fedha iar fuilliuc[h]t aili? Ni ansa. 371. 9 i. cumair sin 7 ni bi fair acht co leith tantuvi nama) a n-as modhe. 32. 521. 326^15 AURAICEPT comad E. Lat. becc fex E. amal asbert in Lait: [circumplex] forsna úVi2. si . amal ata bean. 26^x filed. and Amal 7 is ata fil neam. Lat. Na for- inunda na deofhoghair. 27 ^^"'" inraigthe E. comardud L. E. J -i- ama/ adberat bacc. ^''^ na defogair L.1350 morro forsin x^^wúiaige fota. ata L. IN defhoghur 1345 intib iarum. in a late scrawl. Cest. asberad araili e in berla Feini fasaigi na 7 conach berla fo leith etir.104 (ar) BB. iarsani is fearr L. cumri. forfid is fil and. fil ^•^•' suigigi B. v. Ceinmota ^\diu in fid conicc comardugud fuit 7 gair indib. deofhoghur. . Na cetamus : ic frecra duna coic guthaigib tug na secht fedha ix!» J345 y:s» '^''^'^ gaii(de) E. jjg 1359 deogur E. et ernin arding dead amal rogab leacc 7 ceand 1x\. Cid timarta iarum ebad isinni Cid fotera in is fer ni la Greco as defoghur in sain. om. in Nem immorro fid in fid aire[gh]da fil 1340 and 7 cruaidiu -i- airegh[d]a is i buigi in forfhid neam. (-ri mar n-an as mode E. caide fot 7 gair intib JxX. no 7 dono na feda feda immorro fil sund 7 it inunda na guthrt/^/. 6. Gr. iv. om. Cindus on 7 ebad intan asberar fer? Is a forfidh ind anma (-i- Ni codarsna anni aimsear sin arin defoghur. '*'"* i:»3 acuit.baib fotta amal ata acuit forsna s'úlabaib cuimri do. 28. ^*^-* circumplex L. Gr.i57 arding dedhacho E. bein dogenta de meni beith Is amlaid na forfeda. Is fon ut est pax 1355 indus [s]in dobeir in Gaedel forshail for fot amal rogab sron 7 slog JxX. intib L. v. / I . iii. ^'^ (a secht)in margin B. Da aimsir im. no fileat it áxdiu gair n-aicw/c/ 7 fot suidig////' a fedaib 7 gair suidig[th]i forfedaib 7 fot n-aicw/rf'. ^'^" euad E.

etc. such as bean^ it would be made of were Thus is are the Ogham of is diphthongs. What causes the contrary of that. it 105 is not a separate What In is short and long neani. is since ebad the diphthong instance short. ? Not hard. according to another version ? Not hard. namc when fer spoken? That is not contrary to the diphthong. on the long That the foregoing diphthong was short there- must be perceived. ut est. nose. in or. circumflex if. slóg. head. and short by position . is etc. puts forsail on a long. fore is not upon it save a time and a half only There are two times. a kiss. THE PRIMER Commentaries of the Poets. the the same The Ogham diphthongs diphthongs. by nature and long by position in diphthongs and long vowels that stand there by nature are the are. In nein^ poison. vowel. and ten Ogham vowels. and that language at all. neam . That a and there at the most. on the long syllables such as do.pax.$•/..'too. such as and ernin which compresses a ceand. and the seven Ogham vowels. is diphthong that stands hein in it them. again. srón. I give is and in the same vvay they say an acute accent upon the short syllables. itself to Besides. to wit. and the the Ogham vowels. therefore. The five Ogham vowels first answering to the five vowels he gave the seven Ogham vowels. etc. As to the not a diphthong. that such as heaven. the vowel is able to : adjust long and short ih them as the Latinist said is A . the as Ogham as same fact. in it them. again. the vowels. it is not according to the Greeks that is a diphthong. or. and the principal vowel that stands there is harder and the diphthong it is is softer. however. however. a diphthong it is stands there. short in vowels. the principal vowel that stands there. final such as is stone. : . Thus the Gael leacc. Therefore. although e short in the it word five fer. the How that. however. host.

fodaib L. contat E. 7 fil aire raiter ris. ar ax E. 14 1**' . ^•"^ !•*" ^'^^- emhanchoU E. 27. no fidh teit a -i- consanacht -i- u. 1386 Qj.. in 13661409 i''"3 X L. L. ar is coll indarna ta. Fidh na x\ihe\sa fidh labhras a senur. 7 ni sail . ut est.io6 BB. 7 u -i- intan bis fo is medontaig. 1380 beoir feoil Briain 7rl. x ata conid 1365 a seacht samlaid. ind X. nAuraiccept Muman is is in so. inunn E. Dcfect in MS. greim do B. BB. 326/339 AURAICEPT -i- E. consain L. Conadar dono isin beithi-luis-nin taebomna gabus i. d' emnad ar taisechu coll in x ina Conadar didm greim taebomna fid is[in] bethi-Iuis-nin : Caidi [in fid gabus] 1375 7 in 7 in fid focail gabus greim da taebomna 7 in fid gabus greim quidein (327) ? na geibh greim gabus greim taeb- taebomna nafeda na focail Is e in fidh omna -i- fid a ndiaid araile 7 fidh bis for primfhid re a focail no araen defhoghur a n-sensillaib. coir ar h-i fo meodontacht.i64 i-*"' g^f n-emnaidi L. ut dicitur -i- tomus do cach da taebomna ar fidh.. ata : Na deich fedha immorro iphin ar defoghur emoncoll ar a n-emnaidi ata intan sin condat a deich Pin immorro ar p ata 7 amancoll ar lar samlaid. Gne itat.ehomna and. didi'u is ar no iphin is and ar EmuncoII x ata for foimdin 1. aili asberait araili ebad 7 oir is ar fedaib [fod]a ar Uilleann immorro Iphin p. V. Fid gabus greim dá taebomna Fid gabus greim focail aenfidh fregras in : dhib taebomnaibh.370 na is focul nGrecda no Laitinda do thabairt eamancoll is isinn Gaidelg. 27 a 15 immorro. om. is ar y ata. 7 is is airi coll adberar sail.' u ut 1385 nec uocales nec consonantes habentur {-i- nach gutai 7 nach consoini iat) no fidh bhis a ndiaid araile ut diximus (mar adubramar). Lat. : ar a n-eemendi. focail -i- ghabhand greim tasbomna na fedha na dicitur .

to wit. to wit. vowel. that a vowel that speaks alone. and on that account called Einancoll. u. said to be doubled s. and therefore c there. so that there are seven them thus. moreover. beoir. is. and for u when it is medial. is. THE PRIMER Moreover the ten for a 107 Ogham vowels. Pin. becomes consonised. ut dicitur: or a vowel that Every two consonants for a vowel. or a vowel which stands after another. another kind. This is according to the Auraicept of Munster. flesh Briain. Emancoll. c is earlier than : It is demanded. There is asked for. It is the vowel that takes effect of a consonant. in the Beithe Luis Nin a . u of nullity. ut est. stands for x. ebad and oir that Uilleann. stands K stand for simpíe long vowels. a vowel after another. and the vowel that takes the effect of two consonants. one vowel that answers the measure of two consonants. and the vowel that takes the effect of a word. for c is one of the two consonants is that stand in x. in the Beithe Luis Nin What is the vowel that takes the force of a consonant. or it is the proper symbol there for is. and the vowel that does not take the effect of a consonant. and not s . say there is Some for y. that to allow of Greek or Latin it is words being introduced into Gaelic. too. for in x. stands for p. of Brian. ut dicitur: Ncc vocales consonantes habentur. syllable. twin c. and emancoll for x. too. etc. and a vowel that usually stands on the primary vowel of its word.. Iphin stands for p.. quidevi. A vowel that takes the effect of two consonants. vowel. or along with a diphthong in one . iphin^ which stands : diphthong eiuancoll is doubled then. so that there of are thus ten of them. i medially. ut dixivius. A vowel that takes the effect of a word. as we have said. that is. to wit. that which are not vovvels and which are not consonants. viz. or word. hQQv\feoil. A nec vowel that does not take the effect of a consonant. or word. again. moreover.

17 dicit L.I08 BB.bomna ge gabhaidh greim da Taebomna gabus greim tri fidh 7 ceithri taebomna sail a n-inad forsail. nt Donatus dixit : pes est 1410 •{• sillabaruni et teuiporum certa dinuuieratio ata in traigh conid (^rmidetu demin i«na sillab 7 i^^na n-aimser. Et taebomna gabus greim fid i fedha gach da taebomna ar tomus. iv. : denuntiacio E. 369. 327alo AURAICEPT 7 E. feda. In traigh lasin Laitneoir. . -i- na geb greim taebomna na togaib uath ceand doraith. E. in dech lasin filid. congeib forbaidi L. ^""" '•'*' no da taebomna L. Lat.t Et da taíbomna gabus greim gabus greim gabus greim fidh 7 fedha. In taebomna ghabhus greim Is i da fid no da taebomna ng. na focail -i- taebomna dia Cest. Taebomna gabus greim 1405 Taebomna focail -i. : 0*». fedha. sillab for cach ndeich E. tíiebhomna 7 fidh ceithri gabus greim focail. Ata ocon dono airmidetu derb dibh di arailiu isin sillab : 7 traighed sillab 7 aimser cdich Gaidhiul o dhialt co bricht íoirhthe deach Gaedz7r conid a hocht samlaidh 1415 i:!fl5 '*'' tri gaband L. 27ai8 7 1390 greim feda. taebomna L. Is gabhus taebomna 1400 -i- feda -i- -i- c 7 u iniheXsd). taebomna no feda no focail. da taebomna. Gr.bomna taebomna na gebhend greim 1395 ^^ tíebomna. /i"/ Et taebomna Et ta. Taebomna gabus greim i coic fed 7 se tasbomna duir n-inad dine fidh 7 disoil. cislir deich dochuisin? Ni ansa. -i- i in taebomna gabhus greim greim feda 7 queirt. taebomna gabus grcim fid tsebomna Et taebomna gabus greim da coic tri no da taebomna. Ni machtad intan ghabhus greim fidh na coic 7 na se ta.taebomna congeb greim forbaidhe. taebomna. ''^' '*"" '""•* traidh L.

of five vowels and A consonant that takes the is síx consonants. 109 and a consonant that takes the effect of a consonant and a vowel. vowel. thoug^h^ takes the effect of two vowels and two consonants. And efifect a con- sonant that does not take the effect a consonant. effect of a consonant. to wit. feet. o'f And a consonant that takes the or word. the foot is a definite counting of the syllables and the times. consonant and a vowel. A consonant that takes the effect of three vowels and four consonants. The Gael also has a sure counting of one. eight and times from syllable in dialt. that d in the place o{ ditiiji disail. the efifect And a consonant that takes of three vowels and four consonants. to wit. A consonant that takes the effect of a word. that is. et Donatus dixit Pes est sj'llabaruni tcinporuni dinunieratio. Thís the consonant It that takes the effect of a vowel. syllables is : each verse-foot of them from one to another Gaelic. c. A consonant that does not take the is. s in place of forsail. And a consonant that takes the consonants. ^ Query. when it takes the of the five vowels and the six consonants. to bricht. a consonant that sustains the N( effect of an accent. how many : versefeet are there? : Not hard.THE PRIMER consonant that takes the effect of a vowel. certa The 2it foot with the Latinist the verse-foot with the poet. efifect of two vowels or of two effect of a And two a consonants that take the And consonant that takes the effect of hve vowels and six consonants. vowel or word. vowel. syllables. and u of And a consonant that takes the efifect of a vowel. to wit. a perfect so that thus there . q. effect of a word. that a consonant along \yith which h constantly appears. every two consonants for a vowel in a efifect measure. effect of a takes the nullity. the is The consonant that is takes of two vowels or two consonants ng. efifect it No /^^/ wonder. to wit.

utest. 1430 taebomna 7 primfidh tan immorro and. iarcomrag iarcomraicet E. uair ar a re tri forin -i- claen a rind) a dho ar indara leith 7 a -i- leth n-aiH. Act : E. •!• foecomarc -i- rae •i- comraiced na '''"' di sillaib im enalt E. i^"^-^ i4:í8 fianamailecharadardae Cor. no bricht iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and. is i alt oXer in taebomna recomí^rí: i In- aenguthízz^^ ndialt. comrac na -i' sillab forsna da fo lais slUadaz'l) Feleas filid. 17 Loves Lahours Lost. ^''^ i^^''^ "-' in dialt B. 164. 1x1. J>^ 1-'^* ^••19 i comraigend L. viii. cate deochair eter dialt 7 a dheach ? Ni ansa. om. Ocht siUaba isan ^ focul is mo isan Gaed//c. In trath forfhidh in dialt alt eter defhogur and. bridhthair L.1435 \j___^^^4Á_i^t ailcecheterdarai 7 anrocomrai[rc]nicsiumairne. in choss cibeadh dib b^ras (•i- -i- lesin uair Claenre. Claidemnas claidebh 1425 : manus e in -i- vianus lamh 7 claidebh na laimi in sHndean dialt.-dX. -i- da aimsir ^Enfid do primfid no Is airi sin ni talla in trefoghur n-aendialt. "2' meir E. ^^^ uair isindara rag is a diio air indara leith E. vii.^ \. u. claidem L. fiannam. is is and. I Dr Murray of The Oxford Dictionary is said tohavegot this transmitted as oneword through the Postal Telegraph Office. forfid. --•^ Tri sillaba deg immorro isin focul ut est tinerijicabilitudinetaitibus. o.^ 447 : T. tri L. a amal ata i a. E. alt eter 7rl. Luibenchossach cona luibnibh -i- na coic meoir 7 in traigh in sessed. -i- re -i- comhraiget na di -i- shilkz7. "*'' i n-oendialt viii. is fi les is na lama no cudruma.IIO i BB. 327 a 30 AURAICEPT airmidetu dearb sain -i- E. Intan immorro 7 in fid and. is mo isin Laitin ^S ^- . . ar L. immon larcomrac iarum comraigit tri iar cach 1420 ndedenach tuiseacha. om. Recomhrac alt. 7 is sechtmad Bricht -i- bri ocht -i- ocht mbriathra Cest. Qj. conid Dialt o oensillaib co co a di -i- fo dhiultadh i nach fil alt and. : v. Sc. 27022 mbricht ocht.

uneven its termination). is its Not hard. bad profit of the hand he (that its . the course in which the two meet about they the alt. each a meeting of the three syllab]es with the two previous syllables. etc. di.e. however. syllable to to eight of them. to wit. exists there. or a diphthong.fianna7nailcecheterdarai. there alt between the consonant and the vowel. i.e. two of them in recomarc. there in that case.. alt^ Dialt^ a joint. One vowel in dialt. octosyllable. that s.^/>. and the sword of the hand it is i. syllable. .wová-manus. or he. is even. or bricht because eíght syllables are shown there. Recomrac^ dissyllable. a single vovvel such as a. etc. tetrasyllable. VVhen. are in the biggest word in Latin. alt between (the vowels of the) diphthong it But is is a consonant and a primary vowel. est. hexasyllable. for it satisfied whichever of them pentasyllable respect to for will is. alt there is between two It is times. and anrocomraircnicsiumairne. however. so that that is iii a definite counting from one that is. Thirteen syllables. the shoulder-blade: and i. last.e. deny that any is re.THE PRIMER are eíght in bricht. BricJit.. a primary vowel. afterwards meet. manus. eight words are there. mnas. that is. ut est ab his honorificabilitudinitatibus. syllable. is hand. is on that ut "^íÍ^í account the triphthong not contained in one syllable. the five toes . that is is. and a dheach. Fiann-like-every-second-one-í'í"^ ^*. bri ocht. Query. give. is When when it is the syllable an Ogham diphthong. i. the seventh syllable. Feieas. Ciaenre. what is the diíference between verse-foot ? dialt. that is. with course two of them are on one half and three on the LuibencJiossach. after trisyllable.. o. ' of-them. larcomrac. that syllables i. is.e. Eight syllables are in the biggest word in Gaelic. all-the-mistakeswhich-zíy^-have-committed. the foot being the sixth.e.. other. the foot with Ciaide- its digits.. the poet. heptasyllable.

thri. Dialt á\diu ball ferda bunadh? Ni ansa -i. 5. nfuillté^r (fogailter) o choitibh. cia roaig dialt i choitide.a ^. a cethri a trian. . cheana ciasa bunad Gaidelg is bunad gn1401 iss ed momo lem anu i4«J5 _ cach congaib banda L. uair airisszV/ o choitibh co Airim ollforbthe ut a do a sessed. a aen fo se. ut a se. 7 ni dialt acht mod 7 1460 do fen. dialt E. amal ata a Is i sin an deochair. /3) ainm airmi a tri no [a] ceithir.^ cheilli comlaine bunad cacha Gaedelge acht mod 7 tod 7 troth. H4. a do fo a tri Airim forbthi in sin. 20 » ii 1«:. .b. »^^-^« Origg. 27^39 (col. 7 i mmeit -i- Haiget Ni ansa. lughude sluin. Conid airimh Is 7rl. : lugu dhe '^«^ -i- ic sluind E. Cid fodera r\2ich bunadh doibh-sein ? bunad in ríet Ni ansa. no dono is bunadh cach GT&áelge chena ni dat bunad tod 7 troth. ? : in sain /WV^ ^^^V- is is fuilliu anda coit tria taithmet a lethe. Ar is dialt cach ai dhibh. randaidh T. i Haidet E. 14« "^^ a h^eli E. a. . ar nocho est. 9-i i ^«^ cmcth. a se a ceirtleath samlaidh.rem L. . It eat na hanmanda uird airmi immorro tercius -i- priimis et sequndus et 1440 anmand a n-airmi iar prois 7 a n-anmand uird airmi immorro iar n-aicned.air iss ed o coilib E. '^. "5« an 14-57 is lugha de L. amal ata is e L. forbthe.cach ball 7 todh 7 cach comna ferda -i7 troth cach neoturda cach comna banda banda 7 . -i- E. airim anforbthe iii no a V. tri a ceathramthu. is cach coitidi randaidhi. a est a do dec -i- a hien a haile dec. mod G^ááelge amal ata alt E.mod cach ferda -i. : da choit E. Airim fo do. 1465 . aenlitir 1455 Dialt co ceill -i- coic litri and a n-as mode ic immorro a n-as amal ata o fio i. . "'^ Sg. sin 7 a ceithri iarsin conid a deich 1450 7 a se iarsin conid a se dec samhlaid. iii. 7 ni cach randaigi Cest. Acht is momo lem and Caite in cenel dianad G^áelge acht is bunad ceilli. a do 7 a tri a se sin .gach cach mbanda -i.112 BB. 1445 coir. . amal rogabh a do dec -i- a aen 7 . 327/3 Iss e int 1 AURAICEPT -i- E.

such as properly est^ contains one of it six times. three times.to wit. Therefore syllable. such is as ear. six exactly half. three it twice. A is perfect number. to wit. is A its quite perfect number. these are six and foúr after that. as for example . moreover. A is syllable with a meaning. or again dialt the origin of Gaelic save uiod. primus et secundus et tertius. their . or all i. What the reason why not all is not an origirt of them for is those? Not hard. and a thing an origin itself.THE PRIMER Thís is 113 a cardinal number. according to nature. every female member and every female : — . two that. and six after that are thus sixteen. it. That is diíTerence. but not every part is a factor. and troth. greater than factor is its factors through telling its halves. two its its sixth. which H . its inferior limit. tod. the origin of is Gaelic save viod. ut thus. four its third. every ma/e member and every male condition and todJi is everything female. twelve. is I Because is each a syllable. least? Not hard. the names of their number in prose . extend in greatest and is. Every does a part. These and are the ordinal numbers. two. and troth is every thing neuter. trod. which sense. viz. it and for dialt. to wit. A perfect number for consists of factors. What is the gender to which it is an origin ? Not hard. is So that number which etc. condition . to wit. Query. these make that is ten a . an for imperfect number. to wit. and three. But much prefer there certainly that they it are not an origin of Gaelic but that is an origin of meaning. six. denoting perfect dialt. three or four. to wit. three its fourth. hovvever. island. their ordinal names. one twelfth. that is five letters are in which its superior limit : one letter. o. tod. to wit. one. however. in twelve. to vvit. mod is everything male. how far dialt. such as three or five they are not multiph'ed from factors. syllable.

. ^^'^ membri uili L.tood no to od.to od -itod in ceol -i. mo ar E. iwj diana L. fo bith a [fhjaidh.in ceol bec -i. 1480 a thraethas intan inni ciuil. is. is Traeth airdi trrethaid in dis Is airi eili is 14^5 intan traith i[s] stocc. Traeth -i- treith 1475 a ed no a odh iarsinni traithait fri fedhadh mascail 7 isli femm arda : no traeth stocairecht i na ciulu na ciuil -i- -i- no cornairecht. """ anmand na mball E. a ed intan -i- fod. Todh is ta.27^54 : nach neachtardíE cach co. . ""9 fodronaile "81 taitiu ior taiuu) fod . . No dono mod 7 7 tod 7 traeth anmunda asbert ball ferda band[a] 7 neudarda sin amal jn Laitneoir: nomen membri uiri muileiris vel nomen membri neutri . "™ mo is a fheadh L. "'•' tsen. isliu Tod -i- tai : as bindi is tuiu 7 is ata na a n-aill. son taitiu is innas in . (in "3 treith seadh L. intan . aill. sedh L. 327/3 23 AURAICEPT -i- £. J vel it nomen membri focail Grecda sin 1490 1-""' neachtarda n-ai. om. . Gne is n-aile no mod -i- mo a ed n-airdi is is torand no aile is craná. nemeimhidhuseda L. : : nemeguseda B. : ciuliu E. -i- doib. no mod Is -i- mo od -i- od ceol 1470 is is mascír/ moo in ceol. Asperaid a od araili Caidi a ndemnigud? comdis anmand aidmi Ni ansa. naile taispenu modern bad hand) B.114 BB. inas ni aili is traeth aspaidh L. is fet fo bith cruaidhi inas eli is traet. »'i moa nas in ceol L./ma nemeguscda nidat no dano bunad Gxáe/ge iarum mod nídat dialta etir 7 ííí dicitur acht 7 dod 7 traet acht ad bunada ceniuil atat arae sin araile G^áelge dianad bunad amal roghabh mod intan -i- mo a ed -i- i n-airde. moo quam : in ceol lughu amal roghabh ind aidbsi i nDruim Ceata -i. Mo a od intan intan -i- cruit.cronan no certan bec i naith[fh]egad in moir (-i- in ceol is mo). "«« is airdi a fh^idh L. . is fet L. "*^-' indus eli L. tse a ed intan as fem^w no tod -i. is "" L. Traeth cíeli 7 is traethait.

silent its music : when other. more silent <^ ^^ 7 °- than the other. od. that or is is. when thunder. it more silent and lower than the mournful cry... for It is greater than the music which is less. that is. that humming. that is. but there that other Gaelic matters to which they are an vvit. that . syllables. a little crooning is in comparison with the great. /Another genusX it is or mod. greater.e. i. Greater its music when is. every impersonal all. víz. choral song. Tod. that is. and another sound vvhich i. or i.e. or is mo. Tod.. weak its extent or : music in comparison with masculine and feminine the fact or traeth from that the loud kinds of music. traeth. those are : . is. that it is tai a od. greater is its distance upwards od^ . it overwhelms the other two when is is a trumpet.. a harp. sweetest.. as the Latinist says Nomen membri viri vcl nomen membri mulieris vel nomen membri neutri and those are Greek vvords although it is in Latin that it is traeth to them. because higher its On that account and Or again mod and tod names of masculine. example. tae. ut dicitur. ís. tod music. Not hard. Traeth. it they overwhelm. or tod. . silent its is law when a foetus. to wit. Others What it is it is is their proof ? names of instruments of music. are for all and traeth are not therefore an origin of Gaelic but they are origins of gender. overpower the lovv kinds. THE PRIMER are neíther : 115 one nor other. tae a ed.. law the feminine is. condítíon or agaín they are not dialta. which over. that the small music. and neuter members. Traeth. to od. silent . the music which its greater. greater its distance up is. that it is tood: or to od.e. in its (is) Drum when Ceat. greater the music. it is . that is. at tod^ and mod. i. trumpeting or horn-blovving. Traeth. such as mod^ to Diod. whelms vvhen is a whistle because is it is shriller and harder than the other thing say that they might be it traet {tre fet). music when it masculine.e. origin. feminine. it when it is a tree. aidbsi. as. that is.

is aire nach at. domiter L. 11 tomaistír E. formod B. om. traeth. ar nis- o neoch 7 ni fuilter uaitib acht mine derntar mod Secundum for mod 7 tod for tod 7 traeth for traeth. freagras L. uindsi. uindsi insi ondur L. ni filet L. 1494-1508 1495 E. bunad he sech : d' aensillaib amal (rogab) 7 is mod aire 7 tod 7 traeth 7 iar cach dialt tucad-side sund. issed. air is intan is cobfhidh. ar dochuaidh 1500 -i- menma comtis recomraig air fogab<a:r a condaill a caindeligud. fri Cindas toimsit^r frecras-[s]a di araili cach insci? -i- corop cach dialt ed a chubhaidh is amal ata is tis tuas. fria traeth E. rotathmetaid-side friu gach dialt. iar Tuathaib De Danand. 7 it focail Grecda sin cidh : banda 7 neoturda amal asbert i Laitin ata desmireacht dibh ni fil[et] o for : 7 is airi nach at dialta. 1501 i500. ^'^^^ 1509. filet quosdam cumad etarscarad indsci Isse. inimfrecra E. Iss e so tra : : a cumair (328) -i- is . recomairc L.ximus. coimfidh 7 as coibidh. ar neoch 7 fri ni filter uaidibh acht mod -i- 7 tod tod 7 traeth fri traeth. ondor. : 1513 coibidh L. 327^46 AURAICEPT E. No dno mod 7 tod 7 traeth a n-anmand na mball ferda 7 Nomen membri uirilis et nomen inembri muliein Laitneoir 1505 bris 7 nomen membri neutri. e bunad gach Gaed^-^^ -i- dialt -i- o recomrac co bricht 7 ni . "98 recomarcc L. fri meni derntar mod Domiditer alta 1510 uad toimsiter aisti inn aircetail fri haltaibh na ndaewi amal toims[i]ter cach indsce. ut di. 27a6r ciasu Laitine ata deismireacht dib 7 nac[h] dad dialta. 1505 1508 iLaitin. n ndialt L. 7 in cobfhid in focal ind imfrecra 7 comdeach tarmfortcend. issi. gij 7 i ^^^ caindeliugud L. iar Macaib Miled :uindius. iar Feraib Bolg 1495 mod. i'" intairemforcend E. "^» tucait T. tod. E. . "93 fria troth.Il6 BB.

are that they measured with any part of speech every diait. she. for was directed to is them and that they are dissyllabic for their condaiil found.: THE PRIMER they are not derived from anything. upon : traetJi. diaJt. it is 117 an example of them occurs. may correspond it to is another such as down. to wit. according to it This is. . joints of science. then. is the origin of all Gaelic. as. up. uindsi. and the word made to correspond is and the ending is the same in verse- feet. Secundiini it. upon traetJi. Mod. syllable. are measured. trisyllabic poetry.nd Aita uad. and on that account they have attention : been mentioned beyond every diait. upon tod ." ajiistinction of speech " He. it is have been down here. their fair division ut dixinius. the short of vvit. and x/ quosdani. to syllable. traetJi again niod. from reconirac. and neuter members as the Latinist has said Nonien nienibri uiriJis et nonien nienibri niuJiebris et nonien membri neutri. to bricJit. tod. derived from them mod for mod. syllables. traetJi. tod. are measured with the men as they are measured with any part of speech. joints of to wit. for is derived out of them save that there might be formed mod. the metres of the aircJictaJ. are the Or names of the masculine. and those are Greek words though : it is in Latin that an example of them occurs and it is on this account that they are not diaJta. two. eight syllables and it is not the origin of an individual syllable niod. and nothing uiod . that . according to the Fir Bolg the Tuatha de Danann. for that is its rhyme vvhen same same in vowel. syllable. tod fri to d a. for is they are not derived from anything. they and set traetJi . ondar. in vowel. for example. this is. ? syllable. tod. and they are not syllables. and after every diaJt. and nothing unless there might be formed traetJi fri traetJi. : feminine. How To the the vvit. tod. accord- ing to the sons of Milesius : : Uindius.

^''"^ iarmoracht L. /rl. dona feraib a danadh. Dar Ri fir fer a thairsce. lar flur a thiarmoracht.. ac feraib B. Is fer a thuarasgbhail. freslige. 1525 Im fer a imthimcheall. Tre fer a thregdhadh. si'c in sequentibiis. I fitir Pir a sealbad. Po flur a fothud. : hi rreimim amail E. taebthu L. In fer a inchosc. sic in sequentihus T. Ar fiur a fresgabhail. gutta L.1530 ascbhail. fortud. '^^' 1326 15^51 i-'-'-' a dingbhail B. A fir O a togairm. fiur a remiudh. Hi fer a innothacht.1515 Per a ainmniugud. Co fer a ascnam. . na fir L. a furmiud. . Ar fear a airicheall. om. L. Do fiur a dhanad.— Il8 BB. ^ Prisin fer a thormach. dialt a diach -i- son oencongbalach cen Dichongbail and io no iphin a fidh ina remim no ina 1535 shealbhadh intan asberar fir -i- ar bit in dis ina reim io I fir and amal ata fir iphin and amal ata do fir io amal ata a iphin amal ata o fhir. ^"'^ ^''-^' airchill indotacht L. om. anma asberar fer alt . e a etir. na fir a tuar. fhir a foxaul. frerlige B. i i'i' i^'8 1*21 hi rem L. 27/3 6 Coic so sis : filltigthi hi remim amal ros-gabh and. i'='«-*3 E. a adnad L. ac feraib a inchosc (sic). a aitreib. Oc In fir 1520 Sech fer a sechmall. Fedar dno a n-'ú\ar -i- [a] ainmnigud. Por fer a fir Fri fer a a tustidhi. 328 a l6 AURAICEPT fichet E. La fer a thaebtu. in Fear ^\diu ebadh a fhidh guta . Is aire nach airimh ebhadh ina reim ce beith n-araileib and amal ata co fer. De fhiur a digbhail. air ni fil acht reim ceilli namma in gach baile i mmairend in fhidh 1540 Isna filltib as io no iphin bhis intib bis isin s\ninnid. : a dighbhail T. i'^-* seachis T. na fer a shealbad.

Tre fer Ri fiur Is fer its descriptive. io do fir. which its alt. as to feaf'. fhir. Pir its possessive. when e. its its its circumdative. iphiu. Po fiur its fundative. fir. dative. as is exemplified here below : 119 flections in declen- Per its nominative. La fer its comitative. e.\o. two are there ^. its verse-foot. pronounced fer . its I fiur its locative. at Two its constituents are in io or iphin. Pri fer its desidative. its Nafer possessive. though tion it might be present is in some cases such as co fer. sic in seguentibiis.g. its flr its Sech fer fhir its neglective. Now iioun syllable. in its declension. one constituent all. Prisin fer its Do fiur its lar fiur Ira fer its progenitive. iphiri . to wit. tresp assive.: — THE PRIMER There are twenty-five prepositíonal sion. its adve rsativc. is there. prC4/VM/AX^ /? ) Also their plural Fir its may be Najír its its nominative. In the inflections io or ipJiin that stands in them in every place where the nominative does ipJiin is not remain. > A O fir its vocative. fir. sound without division. For there but declension of meaning only in every posi- where there remains the Ogham vowel which stands it is in the nominative.g. Ar flur its ascensive. De fhiur its privative. in declension or in its possessive. Co fer its advancive. Ac feraib depositive. etc. e its vovvel to wit. depositive. It is on that account that he does not reckon ebhadh. Ogham it is vowel. so that on that account io or declared . In fer its accusative. ea ís is the Ogham vowel of the . pronounced . because the e. Ar Hi Oc In fear defensjve. ingressive. its descriptive. fir its ablative. a fir. fir its parentative. dialt. as a declension. Por fer its invocative.g..g. Dona feraib dative. trajective. ea. Dar fer augmentative. ebad.

nt.-)5 dishail L. ^*'^ 1550-76 io. 27 /3 21 in gach baile nach mairend conid a forbaidh aire sin a. res. e teora fuirbhthe dochuisnet -i- arnin 7 dinin dishail 7 1545 forsail arnin arding [d]ed. sron 7 ler 7 7 mor cach is : dinin disoil. glonn slog 7 7 7 donn 7 crann 7 glenn ut : forsail.-)i). 328a38 AURAICEPT Jr\. ut ^\S\abaib fota. est. '•'""^ '•""» forfuiUiud in focail conid L.óberar io no air iphin a fhidh ina reim no 'na shealbhad Dinin it disail -i- a aicnid lasin Laitneoir -i- . in 7 Laitneoir acuit forsna úWabaib cuimre.ze sic dobeir in Gsedel . . om. . dishoil 1555 arna cuimribh. atberait L. iii.^ i''-"' duir ar dine disoil. js dinin L. forsail for fot fedair. i5". air : ar d[t]us an dine '"" lear L. '-'^' dinin L. Airnin iarum ernid nin no airnin -i- fair nin. /in.iud na haimsire do : forin sail sail -i- no forsail -i- foruillid in focul r(?«ad foda no for. '5"" ar duir fil ar tus L. 8 amal ^ij. is Asberait duir fil i'*^^ araile scrib///rt. est. 6.i uin. /3) lamh no amal forsail : bis gmib gach fenebert arnin arsen re ilfoclaig la acuit á'mo. sech ri i no araen n-aenfocul -i- . ag inchosc (^snp. pax JxX. L. circumplex forsna di.5 Qr. E. scribt[h]ar ig Forsail dano air sail incosc na forbaide sin ar for fut bis forsail. dinin disail for gair gabhaidh est : Arnin. ''•'" 521. Intan 1550 scribthar int fri ainm ogai?// and g^ir scribtar na forbaide- sea uasu realadh fuid : 7 no fri tennad..// ceann 7 sron..') iwcosc B. ut fer 7 7 for[sh]aiI forna fodaib amal in is rogab (col.120 BB. i./<'/. sech bis L. ardiwg dead diarmachd E. nt ut 7 est. i»2 teandad L.'./. '•'''^ didbail B. Lat. : dinin L. 7 co nach -i- Dini[n] disail sail is -i- di fo diultad and co nach nin acht is duir scribthar ac inchosc na forbaidi sin ar digbail na haimsire toirnes sail : duir amal as tormach tormaiges sin no dine disail is de aire 1570 áoímWiud •{ nemfuill. nin 1560 scribthar ag fuacra na forbaidi sin nin coitcheand do gach sail fair is : litir eter i[s] feadaib 7 taebomnaib. air is ain. E. 7 i[s] si. disail la circumplex.1565 furail seach in cumair. ar ni tuigfidhea cheana uair amal dobeir est. ardinged L. ut. fer cor tor timarta ar chena.

tree. all is nidr. on a short takes sron. SLTíáforsail. or dinin disail. with an acute or a circumflex. dun. and srón nose. upon a long it it that/í?rj-<í//rests. (efifect). E. rés. and forsail on is hand is . inasmuch as it is neither n nor s that is written but d to denote that accent. ut est. i. for negation therein. dinin final : disail. tor.g. qv^rflmv. fer . slog. till and there upon the s: ox forsail. that is. sail Forsail. When the Ogham inscription written clear there are written these accents above them make long and short or to express tension.e. host. glenn. great dinin disail. Idmli. is. and a circumflex on the long syllables. donn. THE PRIMER its 121 in its Ogham Dinin vowel in íts declension or possessive. pax. di.e. n. ut the long. etc. e. crann. deed. a lengthening of the time by it magnifies the word is. arnin. / therefore. to wit. for they would not be understood otherwise acute on the short : because as the Latinist puts an ut est. syllables. for is is. to wit. non-addition. cor. it ceann. arnin. disail^ its accent. ut glonn. to wit. ler. Nin is a name common too. means upon it is it. de sin from that^ '^ i. glen : : forsail. because is it is a diminution of the time that : d denotes. is Others say the reason that why d written for dinin disail d stands at the . that becomes long: ox forsail. acceniiis with the Latinist íor these are the three accents which exist. it is s that is written to denote that accent. etc. to all letters either vowels or consonants... diniii disail or that is to say arnin along with along with Airnin. for forsail in one word. so the Gael puts dinin disail on the short. Dinin disail. ut est. that upon it is n that written to mark for that accent.. it is purchases is n : or air nin. fer. arjiin compresses a forsailon a long is borne : ditiin disail est. ut est^ nose. that furail.g. and to short words whatsoever. est. as it an addition that s adds unadding. and as there a grave in every single dictum of many words ut. that is is. beyond the short. head.

ciallabair E. i-^'*! na rob E. setrud. Lorga fuach -i./ tir anair. Laed -i- Nath laitir laiis i- 1580 noaid anair. daiwe E.: 122 BB. om. iuaitir : Anamain -i- -i- an somain. gacha rainde a nduain. ^''^"' abran no ni aon no adbal an T. aeir L. O sin is Dian di air anund -i. 1595-1(108 E. nemfurail L. ar na rop indsce cumaisci ar na ro[b] prois amal aisti na ndaerbard. 27/528 disoil.ota na 1585 de na deachaibh forba 7 seacht primaisti 7 is amach is o deacaib ni uaidibh ainmniugud doib a recomrac a forduain.? huad ar na rob cumascda. 0/«. eamain. 7 is aire scúhthar nin nin fíl fil fo deoidh and.j. Di[sh]ail 1575 ni aimsir fota no di[sh]ail nemhf huil/^í/ no laid. moladh.lorg ua iocul duine for \- amal bite lorga og i llamaib portaibh sesga immtheacht imtha is o purt do phurt ar na torchrad inna it lighi. -i- Alt co fesear cia halt huad dona secht n-altaib anamain. is L. om. '•'*"' Di[sh]ail is . cona nduanrt//^". dw. adbal in domain L. 7 iarcomarc 1^90 bairdne. O sein inund indsci o dheachaib sluin- alta na. ^•^''•* laigi E. om. : nanhuad 7 1580-90 E. '•''' fo decaid E. is no -i- no leoaid intan air . Lorca fuach iarum rem. : 1582 1585 1588 1-^92 '•''^ lecaidh (?). soinemain. is nemfurail. sed L. Sedradh sain a -i- sed raid risin aisti no raith reamaind. . !•*'' recomarcc L. . . Sedraidh. . 328^14 AURAICEPT air nin ar is E. no a n-ingenaib L.' furail is seach Dine •i- dinin ni nin -i- ni fid acht -i- forbaid. Sainei- main -i- maine no dian foricfa adbol an no ni ain. nath. 7 inte . ín B. dia. i amlaidh filed he in so na lorga biti a ciallabair no ngenaib na -i- ic fosugud o focul co focul. T. : no is onni as air set. na- huad L. no ut -i- -i- aimsí^. 7 na ro prois L.1595 ^"'^ 13"« i"''w aimser L. is aire scrib///<i:r sail ar forsail ar alii diaint ail -i- is sail a in medon cumair. nóidh an aor T. B.

Di\sh']ail.. setrud. two satires or i. something of From it that onward. and iarcomarc of bard poetrj'. that might not be mixed speech. i. short. diatt their duans. that is is. therefore. and the reason why s is written íor forsail \s that s stands in the middle of it vel ut alii dicunt. the interposition of two syllables between the two . that not a long time or di{sk'\ail. staves of words. nath. that is. soinemain. or dian. and recomarc of their forduan. that is Lorgafuach.e. that is.e. án somain. . time excess past the for nin is that n stands at the .e.THE PRIMER beginning of dmhi disail. Sedradh. it is sent or or hastened or leóaid. that may not be mixed diction.. i.e. as there are staves in the hands of a man on barren fall places as he goes from place to place that he might not prostrate. to wit. Nath. i. huge and splendid splendour.. láid. that it may not be prose like the measure of the Daerbards. special its treasures : with respect to the foregoing measure. Aií co fesear that thou mayest it know what with alt huad. praise. from the seven principal it metres forth is from verse-feet. that not is. a staff out of a word.e. 123 and the reason vvhy n is written end in it. non-addition or non-overflowing. is something of the verse-feet that thou wilt find their and it is from them they have name it at the close of every part of their duan.. it the limbs of science. i.. is of. i. i. Láed.e.e. limb of science. ni áin. it is from verse-feet that alta na huad. glorious profit. Sainemain.. Anamain. not a it letter. i. staves of words. path of saying or : : . even so are these here the staves that are (?) in the reasonable speech or in the mouths of the poets halting from word to word.. that is. Lorgafuach. dinin. it wounds when it is satire from the word laus. vowel but an accent. are named. the seven alta. ail. it Dine. it praises from the front. From that onward. anamain. mmain. surety on a valuable. Dian..e. is an Ogham is.

: : 124 66.uisciu doleiced on bruch sis isin usce dobert o lin tond. is di arsisidar in gai. is. i arfaen L. -i- A tit dialt n-etarleme aensillab eter in da comuaim. -i- Fertot a thelgud noe a telgud tir -i- duine.328. -i-) Is ed asb^r-sum i suidi fertom (-i- dam feartot ar du chele fris. formachta di suind E.ferte dam. briathar chesta sin feartot ar a chele (329) briathar •i^ gmina so. frit. dolece cessad fair. no bu bo -i. oin.336 AURAICEPT eter in £. ferthoi« fertoth ar 1''" du ceihu E. . i^o-J-s Translated. Im ba •i- seasach. tot ol in tond fse -i. 1616 i'^i^ forcumachta L. arfoem E. O fodhar na genemna rohainmnigthea go go i fogur. ut est dia nda. In ba tuaid no in bodes ? 1605 . : : immi o íeráo •i- nac[h] aiHu. Ancíeiii Ii: Poftij. da sillaebaib L. : : {hogar L.//a nae for duleice in duine 1610 uisciu. remsuigecad B. E. : suidiu L. 1600 est — Cia leth gu br<2t[h] iar cuairt cros ? Cosluidfea mo coblach creas In ba sair ba siar ri suail. Cia eter lond 7 leath in dialt n-etarleme fuach 7 is 7 ata lorga -i- dialt n-etarleme isin rand ar medon in ba 7 ba. im ba seang in ba in lorga fuach. 1^'^ l. ar cuairt L. ar is nae_ \ duine. p.tot no dano arfoem in duine a etach : . give me 1*^ E.271335 suigeadad da bard cecinit sillaiibh da comuaim. ut Cormac ^rl.fa tot dno a ainm in foghair sin doghni in tond tott tott dano a ainm forcmachta (no forcumascda) di su«. n. ut est. teit iarum dia fothrugud din don bruch sis isin usce. -i- imtha ised -i^ is : amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu-sa ise isi no dona deich n-i- urlandaib-sea ^•^1603 1611 -i- se da tri cethre : urlanda ferinsci sin ^^^ remsuidiuchad. 1620 Aurlond dno ainm d' oreill gae ind adarc dub bis mon gai. bu bo go ged no in guth trom dogni \n dae oca lecon forsin 1615 usce. arfoen B. mon gse ar imtha samlaid L. fothrath !••" i^i'' dano a ainm E. 94 gug^ \^^ i 1 icio dulceiche in duine gesat E.

sé he. tot that sound which the wave makes tott onomatopoetic name.e. That is. i. ba is the lorgafuach. its syllable between the two alHterations ut est — one To what side for ever after a course of crosses i Shall I beat my narrow fleet it ? Shall Shall it be east or shall be west for a short while.e. the man else. of a viz. as 125 Cormac the bard iin cecinit : Im ba seasach ivi ba seang. interloping s^llable. or mixed name the bu of cows. or bu bó. i. he goes afterwards to bathe himself in the water. i. to wit. feartot that is serves thee.. into the water.. and middle of the stanza. he lets himself down : the bank tott. it : even as gender on these three. is A dialt n-eierlenie. to it wit. haft. its telgud est. From the sounds of birth have been named go go in sound. tot saith the vvas the name is of its then. it it be north. cethir four men. the go of geese : from sound. quoth thy companion to thee. serves me.. the is name for a spear-bed. noe. letJL is the dialt n-etarlenie. this an active verb. tot: or again. etc.. /// est.e. 7 nae the is man. . land. is Now urland.e. or the heavy voice the man utters dropping himself on the water. or shall be south ? Cia between lo7id and interloping syllable .: . or on these ten urlaind. the bluck horn that rests. tri three. for i.e. wave under him.) takes his garment then says about is it him from (i. she. tot. in and Fer ba. THE PRIMER alliterations. dialt n-etarleme occur in the ba.e. some one to What he it fertoni give ye me. if its flinging suíTer man. round the spear. i. tit a man on man allows suffering on him. staves of words. these are urlanda. dá two. a passive verb. rests is that on which the spear he. the and lorga fuach. feartot quoth his companion to is him. prefixes.

nach indister seach a ceathair. : Q iichenela B. eter banindsci 7 ferindsci.tri fi][l]ti a n-uathad .//ma na hai fiche gne saerda olchena. . -i- cetliri fir : 1625 no urlonn deiminsci. 16J6 16*^ om. in bean. i«2v i6.27^345 ceithri -i- da da fear. 1640 uair dealba filltechí?. i fiWtigt/ii fichet ffilliud reim -i- a coic gu hogfegad na 7 re ua. i8«-8 E. tri -i- tri fir. fer. £.126 ise -i- BB. Coic filed i Conige seo corp ind Auraicepta. togorwí L. ic flr a tri a n-il^r na fer. ri-emim E. ed a lin a tri n-uathad 7 a is n-ilar is conad a se amlaid. a ndeilb L. : reimhe E. na flru. Is i Si di teora cetheora urlanna baninsce andsin. AURAICEPT -i- £. urland indsce dow asntaigis demindsci a n-urlandaib da nem ut dicitur da fear 7rl. In ^^^ slondud L. i«2 samlaid L. Et in fiche ae gne síerda catead a n-araide foraib? ? i Im tri i berat cach [it] dibh dochum a ndilis fen Is Berait ecin. No -i- ferindsce 7 banindsce 7 1635 demindsce.1645 7 ainsida. sci Is immorro urlanna coitcheanda ed immorro urlann demindFri hurlainn ferindsci ilair -i- ut dicitur is ed a cheann. ceitheora i- 1630 ceitheora mna. E. foxlan E. E. oen dibh In fichi gne saerda prosta deimin e so a n-araide. iilar. 329«$ in fear. a i do dec dibh i forgnuis ainmneda no aon dec dibh a'ndelb ain.j7 j reime L. foxlaii. Inund ainm L. sin indsci slondud reimmi ferinsci 7 baninsci 7 7 Inunda immorro urlann ferinsce Is aire baninsce o amach. om. genidi-. teora It e 7 at iat -i- teora mna. a secht : forgnuis tobíz/'tada 7 foxlan 7 ainsida 7 a tri mnedha a •i- tri a ndelbh genid/i J togartada J a ndelb tobartacha J foxlacha -i. flr. a i forgnuis genid/i J togartada. 16« a '643 viii.. yg 1627-36 1638 1639 uama L. di -i- -i- di mnai. na flr. olchena L.

the body of the Primer. di tvvo. and neuter. and tvventy artificial artificial species is And ovvn the twenty kinds. the vvoman. di tvvo vvomen.. is she. one of them in the form of genitive and vocative. cetJwi four men or urlond indsci a sign of declension. are. dd Masc. it he. i. leading vvords. 127 is : zs é. Thus far two men. neuter coincides to vvit. in flr. three so them in the singular. that thus there are six of them. are it feminine urlanna. and masc. again. and three of them in the form of dative and there are tvvelve of : ablative. however. cetheora four vvomen.THE PRIMER of masculine gender. it is certain that this their characteristic that them in the form of nominative and accusative. seven of them in the form of dative and ablative or eleven of them in the form of nominative and accusative. Is i. urlanda^ two heavens. is. it is. three flexions in the singular fer. Tvventy-five prepositional flexions in declension. she.. the man.. ceitheora four vvomen. onvvard. fem. masc. teora three vvomen. common ever.e. that is. five for full consideration of the poets in flexion while ai. ic flur j three of them the plural As to the tvvelve flexions na fer. in plural etc. that masc. and three of them in the form of genitive and vocative. na flr. na flru. three of them in the plural. Or urlann and neuter gender. neuter urlann. of This their number. poem ? . they are. is trt three men. As is to the twenty artificial prose sorts. the and fem. hovvever. it hovv- is his head. indsci. of them that pass into the . fem. for they are inflected forms. what characteristic of to them Do ? they each of them conform their proper form They do is necessarily. ut dicitur. there. /// dicitur. are Is ed. urland Si Therefore they are same from that not mentioned beyond four. teo7'a three. to vvit. two men. It é and it iat. composing the besides. is urlanna both fem. With masculine urland.

27^54 da fiUiud deg dibh tiaghait it forgnuis ainmneda 7 ainseda e andseo a n-anmand -i- 1^^^ Ar [fh]er [a] airceall. thogartaig L. Is iad sin in fiche gne saerda cona n-aradnaibh 7rl. : decc E. ^*^ ^*'™ ^'^'^ i remidh L. 3^9^27 AURAICEPT i E.128 BB. a tuisdui E. remud T. doib archena ni r[i]c E. lanbhrec. fiUtigthi E. Anndar leam nocho Tiaghait i Ainmneda ocus Na secht filltigh i . i 1665 Tiagait ngnuisibh glana Tobarta ocus foxlada. forgnuis feda ainseda. teid L. 7 doselba E. for fer a fortudh . fothudh do fiur a dígbail . fo fiur a . L. i"*'-' ismera E. 7 aiwsera B. i«»8 16-1 Ni hernaili L. i forgnuis tobartadha 7 1660 . inotacht seacli fher a sechmall . . . iar fiur a thiarmoracht : ar fiur a fresgabhail ria fiur a remid. ^"''^ i'''" sin L. ^'^' is 1*^ sin L. imthimcheall dar a freislige la fer a thaebtu im fer a tregdad fer a thairrsci frisin fer a thormac/i tre fer a . Oenfilltech immorro : teit i forgnuis togarthada 7 gen////. ""•' ^'"** in fer B. om. a timchell E. Andar L. co fer . i fer a fri fer . . foxlan E. Nit ernaili admillti. . ?// dixit poeta : 1 655 Is iat sain da íiUtech deg. [a] ascnamh . i'Ki'i-"'" indotacht L. fiur a aitreibh oc fiur a furmidh . foxlada. ut dixitpoeta In fhir a thustidhi thiar thair 1670 Do sealbhadh do thogartaidh Ocus doibh ar ^n ni ric Acht mad int asn don fichit. : :tíco ^"^^ ^*^'^ fuirmiud L. ut dixit poeta Is iad so na seacht fillti. E. E. . forgnuis L. seda E. is fer a thuarascbail. 1*'^ co n-aradnaib E. togartacha L. immorro tiaghait .

is fer its descriptive. however. its fer its ingressive.: : : — THE PRIMER 129 these are their form of nomínative and accusative. iit dixit poeta — flexions are these Twelve Which methinks are not quite deceiving. its seach fer neglective. however. precessive. fri fer its desidative. etc. for vocative. . for fer la fer invocative. The seven of dative i flexions. names here ar fer 1 its defensive. progenitive. fo flur its fundalive. co fer its advancive. of artificial These are the score forms with their characteristics. ut dixit poeta — These are the seven flexions Which are not kinds to be They pass into pure forms Of dative and ablative. its dar fer its frisin fer augmentative. goes into the form of vocative : genitive. And Save to it them alone there comes not be the one form from the score. privative. its comitative. trespassive. One and flexion. oc flur its depositive. They pass into the letter form Of nominative and accusative. that pass into the form : and ablative are its fiur locative. tri fer its perforative. im fer its circumdative. do flur its its iar fiur ria fiur its its ar fiur ascensive. destroyed. ut dixit poeta — Infhir its parentative to all time For possessive.

ii.' E. 1680. 7 i dilis feda i fidh. 6 cumudh on buo T. Cate diles fedha fidh i i foxlaid. fogrugaim E. secepe fid i Dilis fed scribthar.aigib. •i- lorghaine. (jjj^ 1676 1686 .i. do reir a fogair -i- fertot i- i- fer rothoit and J 7 ho a uerbo boo no buo fogmigim on geimim nobeth ged go mbadh on geig gotha áoher 1675 euad E. nobeiredh T. /3) amal ata in forfídh as defogur ed as diles and in 1685 foghur tuisech. Euad fedhaibh. 1678 ainmnig. ainsed L. sin tria eladain • Et bu bo filid 7 go ged -i- anmand -i- 1695 rancádar na . 188*17 1682 oge. 1685 airm airmit/íí. . 16"** ged ge mbad on geim nobeth. do ^iAabaib biit E.sechephe E. jg (j^^ js (ja dagfhoclaib E. i"*' el-ad E. Gr. O sein inunn is du deachaibh sluinter •i- alta uad ar na badh insce chumascda -i- o sin inunn isna degfhuachaib aisti airchetail ar na rabi in indsci is do dadfocW^ sluinter cumascda amal dogniat 1690 na ác^rhaird. ar cetlabrad cach bi 7 iachtad -i- gach mairb. ina reim L. i fidh dno is dih's i in forfidh ogaivi -i- DiHs fidh -i- fedhaibh is (col. E.1 LL. 329a44 AURAICEPT fid. 28a5 Fer iphin á'idiu. 239. ]3o . ar ni airimhtear in fogur dedhenachT Alt co fesear -i- co festar in n-aisti dona seacht prim- ellgibh na ^Mdeachta do ghne do thomhus. Ferthot a thelgud noe. togarmaig L. lairci no lorcaime T. (-0 feiser 1688 1689 1692 L. ar na bad E. Lorga fuach -i- lairce lorchaine -i- remshuidigthi de-i- s'iW^baig biith riasna foclaib ica sa. : 6. 109V V. 7 dilis -i- fedhaibh? Diles fedha is i fedhaibh cetamus a 1680 riasna ceithri g\xth.rad ar da n-ernail rogair 7 claenre (no claen celle). nob^r as E. ii'^a immorro ina thobartaid 7 immorro ina n-ainmnidh 7 'na ainsid. rathoith.j. 5 .130 BB. ebadh a -i- io no iphin ína reimim no 'na 1675 Is shealbad is idad inna selbad 7 ina thoghairm. /rl. Lat.

io. From that onward it is by verse-feet it that alta. I . the in Ogham it diphthong is whatever Dilis be in the fid. géd.. to wit. invented according to their sound. and claenre or perversion of sense. ea. proper vowel. that such as the Daerbaird use. saving them from two kinds. cow. not be mixed speech. . for the last to wit. i. Ebad.e. would be from the goose . fidh fedhaibh. in its dative and ablative. overshortness. its man-throwing. that is. idad. a before the four vowels all the first expression of Dilis living and the last sigh of in all deceased. of fedha i fidh. that it may be known whether it is a metre of the seven primary combinations of poetry as Alt co fesear. to wit. regards measure.voice which is. its is or in its possessive. etc. are expressed that might good words. Idirce lórchaine. that is. 131 its man. however. What is proper of fedha in fedaibh. vowels. ea. which is written. Lorga fuach.disyllabic interpositions that stand before the (alliterating) words. to wit. fed is i fidh. is what proper there the first not reckoned. is first. roar and géd. is proper a vowel among vowel. it sound. a man has fallen there \fioá(ii\. THE PRIMER Now io as to fer. And bu bó and go names these which through and bó^ science the poets have Fertot. and oífdh i fedaib ? Proper of fedha i fedhaibh. in its its is Ogham vocative. or iphin wit. Fertot a telgud noe. declension. that is. vowel . limbs of science. full comely legs. It is to possessive and iphin. a vowel among for it vowels. that is. goose. rogair. that . in i. in nominative and accusative. proper of vowels a vowel. from the word boo or buo would be from the géint. from that onward in the by good words the metres of airchetal are expressed that it could not be the mixed speech is. staves of words. to wit. such the is Ogham diphthong which has is two vowels. ebadh. however..

"^^ ondair E. del. "'^ fer E. ferurlonn L. E. isna 1720- haenfocul -i^ recomhracach remendaib tregdad gebes •i^ greim na ceithre n-ernaili du remendaib is in treghdad ar geibit arin íocul 7 as aitreib 16ÍI9 5g 20*^1 : Gr. Caidi int erlonn saerda fogabar conad aicniud Ni ansa. . ar is iar cach ndedenach conid he sin int urlonn is iarlonn 7 is urlonn int urlonn remlonn -i- intan i rosaig lar ind -i- airiall. duna E. E. : graindi L. andsin L. Is aicenta immorro a radh ingrecus focul as iarna buaiw de. •i- Is andsain fogabar comrorco ilair ilair neodair cena urlanna saerda oca acht i n-uathad tantuni. do ureill T. cet[h]ri : ilair si. Cate int is aurlonn -i- is iarlonn 7 -i- is urlonn 7 int urlonn remlonn is urlonn in gai -i- urlonn fadesin iarlonn dotess. -i. teora. p. Is ceand Cia air is saerda a fris radh 7 se for in duine. Cate -i- int aurlonn indsci do nach asand insci acht 1705 insce bais int iarlonn graini in gae. Cate urlonn 1710 n-urlaind urlainn urlainni n-urlonn urlonn ferurlonn banurlonn : nemurlonn •ii : urlainni hen in i fir urlunna a ndis i nem no n-\íei'n. 10 3. i nem no L. in 1"" int iffern E. 308. 329/3 14 AURAICEPT : E.Origg. da. "'** comrorcai T. Amiond no insce dno d' oreiU in gai ? is ainm. 132 ass BB. nem no ind if- i nem no intif-. 1"™ iarnasbuai.:. B. ilair under t. Lat. xvii. di. Is 1700 connall stip stipitla is ed a fogur ica de sin ranic do anmaim do icon Laitneoir. with punct./ E. dotéis L. : ^™ conall scip scip E. í™. insce fogabar co n-aicned? Ni ansa. Erlonn in gae. 28a24 nobeth. fogaba E. v. masc«/ 7 femen in so sis : se. amal asbert ín Laitneoir -í- No\i)ié\n de sono est factiun est forcaemnacair int aínm don fogur ut loscudh. Inunna insci airme Cate ed in o sin imach. cetheora. 170: no E. i'0« xvii. om. 1715. Aurlunna thri. 1703 1™-« 1-08 ^"'^^ 18 ^' oireiU E. 0'Molloy Gr.

before blade.) sé : dá. fem. mas.. and the haft which is. the after-blade which is haft. to wit. indices of gender. it connall. for it includes the words perforative. urlonn. est. will come is after blade. haft. that itself final the spear.THE PRIMER it 133 : utters.e. in heaven or in The urlunna. haft of speech. it is a name haft. before blade.e. What single The word disyllabic word in the declcnsions will take the place. natural. speech. neuter.) sí : dí. The spear- What the aurlonn indsci. cetheora. What hard. is remlonn. is What is the artificial erlonn. stipula has name with the Then for the as to aurlond. From It is its are the same. urlonn. leading Urlonn. to wit. however. the haft which remlonn. that is its sound as for it burns. after blade. the two in urlond. to wit. haft. : urlunna. to wit. haft is that . nriaitmi in urlond? What is. it is artificial speech which it is is found with nature to say " it ? Not to it " It " is the head. onward the genders of number there is found an error of the plural that is not having urlanna plural but in the singular tantujn. found to be nature? is Not hard. urlainn. haft. spear-bed. which is iar lonn. the name has happened come to be the the sound.. : are urlonn. (mas. that word. stubble.. tri. haft. mas. cethri : (fem. which haft. and the urlonn. spear-point. i. Thence Latinist. . from The which groweth no speech. and fem. stip. the eíTect of the four partsof declensions? perforative. for It is artificial " while on the man. for iar everything is so that that the haft. or insce. haft. the wife of the i. urlainni. plural : are as follows teora. to wit. when the airiall reaches ground. is which is after blade. to apply " it " after striking cenn off him. and neut. man hell.. but speech of death ? VVhat ís the aurlonn. as the Latiníst has said Nomen to de sono factuni ut est. urlonn.

4. JT alme "f" alme -i- in selbhad ata do -f. fil? Ocus fodesein. cia bunad o Ni ansa. ii. Gr. ut est. ^"'s bodesin L. Lat. tenerificabilitudinitatibus. ^"^' ^"'•' 164. ruidlesto E. ni bia inn atreib cen in 'mnotac/ií. Lat. Cia taebomna gebes greim feda 7 focail 7 taebomna? Ni ansa. 329/3 37 AURAICEPT . "'" littrích E. conid tregdad o thuind co tuind teachtas. /. : indara focal L. viii. ? Cia taebomna na geib greim feda no taebomna Ni ansa. uinge. Onni i'2-j cen in intitacht B. Texíe. Cia baili inn Auraiccepta ata in sealbadh saerda cen reim acht reim 1730 remraiti. L.forin TT 7 for 7". fiannamaile-(33o)-chardaai is tre sillaba dec immorro in 1740 mó isin Laitin. focail 7 Oueirt. Gr. 1745 -i- Abecedibon aipgitir -i- copulatio literaruvi litir per se ata isin comhthinol na littir cona fialus. 28a45 (i. ^'^ Quinct. ni bia int inutacht 1725 cen inn ascnam. 7 is ni bia in indotocht L. in sin in B. !"•'« 66. om. ix. .134 7 ís BB.. : ita in E. Cia bricht i mbit ocht feda ocon ?íí filid co ngeb int aenguta greim a •i- leithi est sli«í-//ta 7 is ogleith in sin ni certleath a haenar a n-agaid na secht litz'r. ut est. In baili mbi n ria g cen gutaigi eturu. 6. ut est. E. 15. is In baili mbia defogur ochtmad isin dialt fidh forthormaigh indara fogur. Uath. ata in L. is Cate bunad ruidles[t]a in íocail aipgitir? Ni ansa. "-"•• E. 17 ruidlesta L. iii. 1""^ í"-"» oglet L. 59. ut est Cia baili i fagabar in fidh forthormaigh iar forbu 1735 na n-ocht i sillab isin focul is bricht? isin Ni ansa. o fuil E./<^) innuttacht 7 as ascnam ar ni bia in tregdad cen aitreib. 23 i"« xii sili- adaid B. Cia baili i fogabar comtoth consan cen tinfed treothu i ? Ni ansa. L. cf. Ocht ^xWaba dno focul focul : is mo isin Gaed//»".

one of the vowel syllables an augmenting vowel. there exists the alphabet a collection of letters with their relationship. word Not hard. eight in the biggest word in ut jiannainailechardaai. ut 1 est. stand eight What bricht in which Ogham letters according to the poet wherein force the one letter will contain the est. Thirteen in syllables. are est. to wit. is ? What alphabet literártini the peculiar hard. From legitera. tenerificabilitudinitatibus. with Not hard. what is the origin from which to wit. of half of it? ut sliachta. Not per se. Where a diphthong wiU stand is in the eighth syllable. however. stands uinge. ? will take the force of a vowel. the perforative not exist without the locative.. In what place found the augmenting Ogham in the vowel after the completion of the eight syllables word bricht ? Not hard. alone against the seven In what place of the Primer stands the artificial possessive without rhyme save rhyme ís. What consonant wiU Not not take the force of vowel. letters. not an exact half. will 135 for and advancive . a name for . copulatio wit. word or consonant? H. That the possession which a has over the In what place is and over found a couple of consonants without ? a breath through them before g. so that it is is perforative it which holds from end to end. Q. is? Not hard. There Gaelíc. ut is ounce. to origin of the dibon. What consonant and consonant hard. the ingressive will not exist without the advancive.e. ut est. And it as to letter itself. in word i. aipgitir.THE PRIMER locatíve. no vowel between them. Where n est. la ba ? b. form the biggest word Latin. A be ce. of vowels only. it and that is is a virtual half. ingressive. and the locative wiU not exist without the ingressive.

O feraibh a oxlaid ilair. rotaiselbao'do E. : gibe nech E. dorathaigh E. i^edoaiselbad L. fessa L.1750 anma sin foillsigter do fis cen eledain. Goidelica. dia hanmaim-sein L. caimem L.Qd. Og fir a thurmeadh uathaid. tighi in littera anma remraiti for -i- littzr -i- in gach No 1755 a litura on foillgiud on chomailt doberdis na harsata forsna claro ciartha. fer a shealbad ilair. Oc feraib a fhuirmed ilair. tairillfed E. sis. Nel (no Nin) mac Fenius dothuc Scotai ingen Foraind conidh dia ainm-sie dogairther Scuit. Gaedel L. 1770 Inna flru a inchosc ilair. in anmanda L. '"'' do fhiss 7 do aicsin E. na íir L. E. faillsiges eolus E. Stokes. Do feraibh a rad n-ilair. jigj L. ^^62 i rrabatar E. 72-4 Do fir a selbad ilair L.E. ar intib nacetscribtha leo no litera -i- inteach legind -i- set legind. ^'^' na nGaedel B. Virg. ind a. ainmniugud. faicsin L'. on ainmnigthi E. Scota L. forbhaibh T. E. fuirbtib L. o anmaim L. p. : teipiu naGoed. 330a8 AURAICEPT tighi araili F. E. cech ealadan L. Na Pir a ainmnid ilair. a literatura A. leang -i. rosgribtha T. tebi na Goed. Am<7/i[s] seí faillsighthi eolais 7 fessa iarum sin. Fer a ainmnid uathaid.: 136 BB. A fhiru O fir a oxail uathaid. : : : : : : . anmanna sin. om. 1775 ondi ailigt.on foillsiugud (no on fholliudug) E. E. Fir a shealbad uathaid. Co taiselbad do Goediul mac Angein ar is e sen dorothlaigh tepe na (j2. do neoch aiscin in tighi amlaidh sin as sét faillsighthi eolais is do fis J faiscin conid airesain tugadh int ainm littera baili o ainm ita.L. 10 ar is intib L. Do fir a radh n-uathaid. A fhir a thoghairm uathaid.E. "** legitera E. in '^'Jf' ^"'^ 1'« i"63 "64 '^'•^ i"«8 "™ n"i i"'" nolusus T. Goedelg 7 Goedil L. na nGaedel B.elge -i- int aenberla ba aiIhV^ 7 ba camiu cach berla 1765 conid aire fognith 7 conid iarum dotaiselbad conidh aire dogairther Gxdeic 7 Gaidhil. "''9 friu dofuc. cibed L. E. ba háillemh.set leai^ L. ^'f ^"•''1 "^^ "!^ :75r. a thoghairm ilair. E. In fer a inchosc uathaid. 28 a 62 as Ugitera l ainm anmand aitrebas i traigh dhais in mara dianadh ainm Molosus 7 gíbeadh neach atchi tegh. E. adds 1770-1807 cf. Do bhunadhaibh na remend andseo 7 Injliasca di fedaibh 7 deachaibh remendaibh 7 1760 furbhthi 7 altaibh 7 inscibh 7 etargairib amal rosuidigthi la filedu ina scuili cetna robhadar 7 la Fenius Farsaidh iar tebiu na Gaedelge asna di berlaibh sechtmogat.nmanda. Gr. is littri. 7.

. vocative sing. so the and sight of the way for revealing knowledge that of name on that account the name littera from is the lair of the animal aforesaid every place applied to letter in littera i. for thereon they (the letters) were Or litera. so that from her name they are called Scots. i. its Na Do fer possessive plur. to Goedel son of Angen. Per Pir its its nominative sing.e. daughter of Pharaoh. so that hence Gaelic and the Gael are named. path of reading. Og flr its depositivc sing. O flr its ablative sing. where it occurs. ablative plur. of the declensions here below. and whosoever animal. feraibh firu dative plur. its Do fer dative sing. i. or Nin. so anyone letters is to see that lair. way of reading. to language that was more beautiful and excellent than any language. In fer its accusative sing. from the smearing. Xel.. accents. genders.e. first written by them.. rubbing. declensions.e.e. of letters.. and comparisons as they were the same school in which they after the selection of Gaelic out of thc 72 languages. a Therefore way a for revealing wisdom and Unowledge knowledge to him. son of Fenius it is it was who married Scota. possessive sing. A fhir its A fhiru its vocative plur. . Inna its accusative plur. Qi the origins The beginning established dwelt. Or is from litura. so that for this reason it used to serve.THE PRIMER a certain animal lair that dwells 137 [in litore] on the seashore sees named Molossus.^ verse-feet. and by poets of by Fenius Farsaidh for wit. O feraibh Oc feraib its its depositive plur. to the lair of that him as for it is is revealed Unowledge without study. i. and therefore it was attributed. its Pir its nominative plur. from the rubbing which the ancients used to apply to the waxen tablets. intervals. selection it Hence it was he the one was attributed that desired the of Gaelic.

1790 fri Pri fer a fhreslighi uathaid. Suil 7 lanamain in Srebann 7 cru lanamaín 1'«-^ illraig E. fera. E. ferfer. Ni aíricar (a) arichill fuit no feir a airchill fuit. 1795 Ni airghear a dhiabhul Sofer a shaerughudh. onnar a urlunn indsci. Pe a dichneadh. -i- Per a chodad. Co feraib (no co flru) a ascnam (no ilair. firu (col. Dofer a dhasrughudh. Tar flru ilair. I flru (no I firu (no a feraib) a inotacht a feraib) a aitreb ilair. I fer I fir sech flru) a seachmall Tre feraib (no tre ilair. in. Ise. Ser a chendfliochrus tuis. 1'»^ 1796 1*08 deilidnim (?) E. Sech fer a shechmall uathaid. a aitreb uathaid. Por fer a fhortud uathaid. firu no for feraib a fhortud ilair. Ceand fiacail cridi fulang a^Jhe demi tebidhi chi«d. Ar Pri flru no ar feraib a fhrescbail ilair. 1785 fo feraib a fhotud ilair. tar. sech fer a dlalt n-etarleime. Peer a mhallrughudh. Peron a formoladh. 28/3 24 fer a ascnam uathaid.x. in fhir. 1''« ^'"•' cotut E. fona firu (?/tresna firu eí isna firu et seach na (8) 1800 Pefrier a chonnail. Refer a delidhmi. . tre. \ygrie. ilair. no tar feraib a tharrsci Ar flr a fhrescbail uathaid. Pel a chendfhochrus deidh. Fo fhir a fhotudh uathaid Pofhiru no Tar fer a thairrsci uathaid. ilair. a lorga fuach. Por ilair. Ni airecar a urard -É'/forsna firu ~J -i- Peraib a aurisel. 1^99 ]8«9 lanamoin E. ceimfocrus forna E. Pertot a thelgad noe. Pe a airchill calaid.138 Co BB. 1»^ thshelgad B. firim. flru) a thregdad 1780 a inotacht uathaid. Tre fer a thregdad uathaid. Perr a 1805 dechnead. Pirini a ludhughudh. a deimhi E. issi. issed uinnse. es. co. . 330a4l AURAICEPT Sech feraib E. unnse. flri no feraibh a fhreslighi ilair. deid E.E. tar.

inversion. Fo fhiru Tar (or fo fheraib) its funda- tive plur. its Ferfer reduplication. initial. Sech feraib (or sech tive plur. out across. Head. through. she. not diminutive. attesti\e Po fhir its fundative sing. cbi^sbitiiíii^g . its theft of a hard. Pertot its man-throwing. is its Its theft not found. humiliation. I a feraib) its ingressive plur. of. to. its For fer its attestive sing. Feraib its And. Membrane and gore the couple the (The . advancive Sech fer Tre fer fer its neglective sing. Feron Feer Ser its its hyperbole. in. I its ingressive sing. is Dofer not found. I flr its locative sing. Tar fer its trespassive sin< firu (or tar feraib) its tres- passive plur. Fri firu (orft'i feraib) its desidative plur. Sofer its ennobling. Perr its doubling a final.the man's ^b'^ neuter selected couple of Eye and tooth the of the heart. I firu (or a feraib) its locative plur. its prefix of gender. or feir its theft of a long. Refer Pirine its change of its its change of final. Ar flr its ascensive sing. final. Fera its exaltation. Co feraib plur. in. its enslaving. losing a Ise^ etc. found. words. heart attributes. firu) its neglec- its perforative sing. of a long is Pe Fe it. Ar firu (or ar feraib) plur. its retarding. past a man.THE PRIMER Co fer its 139 (or co flru) its advancive sing. its interloping syHabie. Tre feraib firu (or (or tre flru) its perfora- tive plur. staves of Fefl-ier its internal division. 'neath. its past the men. he. From. Fer Fel is its hardening. through. head. on. its ascensive Frí fer its desidative sing. For firu (or for feraib) plur.

xi. lanamain ruaidi 7 dergi) in cridi. is Dinin Is amal rogabh fuil arrad feola 7 isin feoil. 76-7 '**" Origg. xi. na Bu« lethet lanamain (no gene) na Alailiu dano. amlaidh dinin dishail co ngaib dereadh gan urgabail lasin focul o thosuch gu ga. Lurgu 7 traigb lanamain -i- ind fhulaing.) Bean. a bean.de E. > 1820 gein daghchometa est.74 / . uí samlaidh./ airditin. mnaa (no sech mna- mnaa (no mnaib). 1835 formnaa (no mnaib). fo cosmaillius alta duini int airnin lasin focul focul. isind fheóil T. ar is fair ailmne for gluw./mta [fh]ir forsail 7 is leis i annuas ata gai ind i fochetoir geindir as do beolaibh disail biit fut 7 nn-airdi. Í7. a mna. 28^32 in chru 1810 (lanamain in sxQhuinn •i- bái. o mnai (no o o mnaibh. cnaim mullaich 7 leicni cnuicc 7 7 ri^ hai nad 1825 genat lasin duzwe fochetoir. mna. tria i mna (no mnaib\ do bein. tar sech mnai. gein forcomeda 7 gne dochuisnet '1 gein ixxcometa. air it it Lith e 7 1815 tond lanamain gene na lanamaide demi a forbhthi. lanamain (no gene) sula. I. i mnaa (no mnaib). inmbein(no inmnai). no leathar Margin B. for mnai. 330 p 7 AURAICEPT -i- E. •i- Gene dno na lanamnaide deme 7 ebrachtur abhrochtur (no 'vnccáned) 7 malu. Ni taidbet dno fochetoir forsa tochradar co mbi fo deoidh arding in Ferdialt gu sin. co mna (no co mnaib). 7 Arnin amal roghabh fii^d. do mnaibh. {Incipit bandialt. 7 tond T.me 7 glaiss. inna mna. sech [aib). 115 «i^. Gein íorcometa cetamus. uair doniter alta huadh. " . bein). 42 i8:!o-52 "i' '*"'• ^*-" domiditer E. mnai. gene) na traiged. 1810 isi:i Origg. In tiasga i'S^'7 dij bandialt andso T. I. ^f. Goidelica^ V. hi tri [7] fiacal. tri 1830 mnai. oc mnaa (no oc mnaib). oc mnai. Stokes. na mban. xi. sis Origg. om. tar mnai. i. Croiceann 7 feich (-i- lanamain (no gene) na lurgan.•140 BB. co mnai.

cap on knee. through a woman. couple or pair of the shins.e. that eyelashes and eyebrow. with a woman. A-paií:.. it is and it is produced out of thy disail are in lips in length and in Dinin is use as. for there are three 4ttmÍ5 that are in accents. that is. O woman. with women. Incipit feminine declension. of a of the from a woman. cnuicc knuckles. Root and breadth. 141 «hWí—artd—stíeaíaJet . of the eowrelat ed neuter. and foot thc couple of ^«pp orfeing is. the women.e. redness and crimson. . through women. from there- above stands the spear of the true with at once loudness. for under the Iike- ness of a man's limbs are limbs of science made. that is. past a past on a woman. too. blood. over women. and those that do not originate with man at first. the woman. jaw-bones. first. Gem good warding. for warding upon. one against. Skin and sinew the surface the couple or pair of the teeth. couple. to a woman. women. abhrochtur. its these are the pairs of the correlated neuter. treating super- ciIiously) couple or paif-of the eyes. to women. i. O women. in a woman. woman. unto women. women. Masculine declension thus far.THE PRIMER couple of the udder. women. on women. too. fuil flesh. It is thus that dinin disail permeates the word to from beginning it. : the • couple of the gore. from women. for example.) Leg f^ "IfM^nJ^ i. Now the it arnin does not at once appear with the word on which falls so that it is at the end that it compresses the word. in woman. one for warding upon. over a woman. for existence. which along withy^J// and blood which arresting is in the flesh. and find hair. it aibiine for gh'in.. and one forcométa. unto a woman. end without as it. Activity and In the /4€^erMÍlrtl pair of the feet. similarly. without stretching leicni Arnin such cndivi mullaich top bone. upper eyebrow (or iincahtead. another respect. for on forsail. for warding ut est. Woman.

nimib). sis. : condail E. soben a saerugud.142 BB. triasna. o. been a mallrugud. sech nem. ngeni-side. Nefriem a chonnail. nime. befrien a chondail. benine a lugudud. aurard (no i nn-uathad airisel Mna : i n-ilur a aurard. ^***' ^'^'' aurard (•!• mna) E. remhebatmar E. isna. is ben a n etarlemi. for. sech nime. a Ilanamnai ecsait 7 ndemi thepide. do nimib. tre tria i for for nem. a cotut. sech na dialt mna a do. Be a dichneadh. nime nem. tar i inn nime. Neem a 1860 oc nim. 7 fona. ben a oen. E. Ni bhi a 1850 no ni airicar airicil (-i- Bel a cennfochrus. do deim-dialt andseo Nem. ^**^" mna (-i- bene) E. Ni airecar a -i- (benaibh). Ni a saerugud. ni airicair a 1845 -i- doben a daerugud. calaid. Nem a oen. cf. 330^30 AURAICEPT no E. nach '^^^ 1848 185« 1«^' cia asberat E. Stokes. mallrugud. benna). Nemon a formolad. in. Bentot a thelgud noe. fil E. 28^51 benon a formoladh. n-nime. i tar nime. a n-nem. o nimib. neb a delidind. ni airecair a dhiabul 1840 benben. (no co nem. Goidelica. p. Nime nem. fo nimib. i fo nim. (331) 1865 o nim. co nime. Nem fail a lan. . Cnaim 7 feoil a ngeni-side. blaiss 1859-78 i*^' canaim B. n-nimib. n-nem. 74 ^*» a diabulug^a'. ben a lan. No hit he a ngene a forbthe 1855 amal rom-ebhartmar. et irridit. Bandialt conigi Incipit sin. oc nimibh. airicill fuit Be a airichil fuit). n-nim. lorga fuach Forsna. Ni airecar a a lugugud (no a diab«/). fair 7 sridit blass 7 millsi in AlmníE lanamnai glulm. chomail B. Cich 7 glun a : Benn a a deichneadh. mna a lan. triana E. sech. do nim. na nime. ciasberat araili ni bhi nach lan ina dhiabul. -i- ben a codut.

their couple . far. Its . Be its theft of a hard. their pair. unto heaven. ben- been its its inversion. .e. past the vvomen.THE PRIMER benon ben neb ben ben its its 143 its full. through. under. heaven. Bentot Bel its man-throwing. its vvoman. final. as we have Feminine declension thus Incipit neuter declension here below. duplication. unto heavens. soben its ennobHnir. fuU. that benna). and sridit the passage of milk from the breast. On. to. to heaven. Bone and their Or these accents. under heavens. its interloping syllable. past heaven. final. 'tis its lorga fuach: past. on heaven. Nefriem full. from heavens. heaven. heavens. through heaven. through heavens. their are their pair. Nem its Its diminutive not found. pair. from. at heavens. Cap and flesh hollow of knee. in in of the heaven. change of final. or its airicil fuif) is not found. benine its diminutive. fair bearing. in. Mna benaib in the plural its exaltation. the heavens. on heavens. to heavens. past heavens. its internal division. doben its enslaving is. at heaven. the couple of the knee. into heaven. Though some say that is there its beft-ien its internal division. to wit. its its not any lan in re- unily. into heavens. ben is not found. said. norits reduplication. is Nem its unity. (i. to wit. over heavens. or its mna hardening.. is Its humiliation. hyperbole. in. and sweetness. Benn its doubjing a Be losing a Pap and knee taste their selected neuter. from heaven. the heaven. not found. on. over heaven. its NemSn its hyperbole. under heaven. retarding. Nem ing. Nime its harden- Neem retarding. Its airuhill fuit does not exist. its exaltation is not found (or in the singular. reduplication.

foxlaid fliiur. 29ai2 daerugud. A cia fer.in fer. A ascnam co fear. a lorga fo. Forsna. a ngeine E. Ni fognse est. i«'i 1»«' tindtudh. [d]e. Finii E. fhiur. ernaili fair meit 7 inni 7 inchosc 7 i»" tuad E. usíTé?. isna. inotacht hi A fo aitreibh hi fhir. A do ainmniugud fer. A flr. i"»® i8«6 1880-92 fuirmtigh E. fona. Ni bi airichill fuit). is inund a thuistiudh 7 a shelbhad. 137-9. in. : a ngeine side T. 74. E. uinnsi. tresna.B. fhiur. dighbhail di •i- Doformaighet alaile dano a tri frisna hii sin a dighbhail den flr. 7 a tustidi in flr : acht is inunn a dhighbhail 7 a fhoxlaidh 7 . nach a aurard. co conndeices. es. xiii. ondar. 1870 sech na nime a dhialt n-etarleme.144 BB. Aftery?«z/'(i892) E. a ngeni-si. Nel a chennfochrus. E. but printed in 0'Molloy Gr. Nemdialt co sin. unnse a 1875 erlonn indsci. neiii im thalmain. cf. p. sechna nime. A in shelbad flr. Lat. fadhesin. gan col Ocus nin cona cuiger : . : tus. Nemm a deichnead. Atat da aithfeghad n-inni bith. [Ni] airecar a deimi tepidhi. ^*'''' nonnairbirend T. ar 7 : deiminsci : Nel tuagh nimi a lanamnai demi dath / airdi a ngeni-sen no it he a fuirbhthi a ngeni. iS'i for imchomarc iar -i- imchomarc iar thoirni 7 imchomarc i*''^ n-airbhirt nan-airbirenn 1895 Atat ceithre e E. o. Ne a airichill tit (-i- calaidh) ut wein ind no nem (-i- nathrach. Is luis dis. for fhothudh fluir. gives Thomas O'Connor's poem. is Ne a dichneadh. L. iii. A thogairm A fer.E. lairecar B. Fern triur. im : isas-itótí Based on Gr. pp. Goidelica. fuach : do. a thelgudh noe. A a rath 1880 fir. co. 33la3 AURAICEPT Nimib a airísel. paitly illegible here. 5 i^» frisnahai sin E. A A tharrsce A - fresghabail ar A airchelladh ar fer. is inund a 1890 thuarascbhail a inchosc . sail cethrur. fuirmid oc [fh]iur. A o inchosc fer. in B. A fhorthudh tar fear 1885 frecnarc fhiua?. ise . A A sechmall sech fhear A threghdad tre A fer. Incipit do ernailibh in imchomairc in so -i- sis. isi. 459-515. for. Ised. beginning Beithi senar dom laim deis. 7 a thuarascbail -i. A imthimcheall im fear. o>n. 1878 dath 7 airdidi. est. in tuf. Stokes.

Its ascensive ar flur. Cloud and bow heaven it its is neuter couple: their accents colour are and height their pair. Its interrogative cia fer. There are two views of ing to the meaning it analysis. through. serve. nt nein ini tJiabnain (i. : past the heavens. is hicipit to the divisions of analysis this below. 145 enslaving. final. its to. fear. neglcctive ingressive hi Its sech fir. of for is itself neuter gender. Ised. fer. in. Its possessive Its fir. Its attestive for fer. from. its staves of words of.THE PRIMER ennobling exaltation. There are four divisions of it. accusative in fer. nominative Its fer. in fer. fundative fo fhiur. Its past the heavens. There final. Now its its is others add three to these. its its but the same as its its . Its dative do Its fhiur. that analysis accord- denotes and analysis according to the method which size.e. ne its losing final. On. or poison of a serpent. nor its does not exist. trespassive tar fear. is its humiliation. Its privative di flur. Its Its locative hi Its fhir. its Its circum- dative im fear. nor its Nimib of. inter- loping syllable. denotation. ablative o fhitir. privative den flr : flr. Its defensive ar fer. out under. Nel its change a of nemm is doubling of it. or that their pair. etc. he. Neuter declension thus Its far. vocative a fhir. she. it uses. to wit. heaven about earth. and accent. is no airichill its fiiit). descriptive is the same as its as accusative and parentative the same possessive. Ís. Ne its of a hard. nt cst. quality. it Its selected neuter not found. under. its prefix of gender. on. unto. in. Analysis according K . Its Its depositive oc flur. nem of the water. Its Its advancive perforative co tre fear... descriptive privative is and its parentative in ablative. theft man-throwing may not est.

^*^^* Na hocht T. ^»" gn^ i«t uile B. iii. no in rann indsci. int uile gnír neoturda dochuisin dar beolo Is inni in diall 7 nduine \. 17 int uilegcí«<?/E.B./í^(? faír 7 cethri primthoir.ia. 331 ci 28 AURAICEPT iar n-inni thoir. iii. Maso iit indsci coich in indsci.B. co fester in inni uilc no inchosc co fester coich 1905 maithiusa bá.fond indsci. 1920 rand Is í in réis an primthorund. int is luitficis in gne fem/. he gabair 1900 fona iv primthoir.. in rece in i- 1920 In fhothorrt'. 506.2LX\. Athair na dhemindsci -i- n-uili est. ^'*''. i'-*'" i'jos Origg.B. 494. 32 ataraimhet T. cimf/T. iit est. indsci dimbeoaighthi. 7 Is aicenta.. 61./<^ i se. uili est^ mitrix -i- Maso banmuimech lasin Laitneoir.E. jYiasa ban T. gn.^'^ na n-ocht fothoir. cinéol T. caeluin -i- Dia Uilichumhachtach.<.. 465. II. : : : : : : : : : ./^/. Lat.aiste is o nim ainmnigter. •phe whole passage is corrupt liw^ gn. Lat.folu. /3) ceniul 7 iar 1'*'''' nguth 7 iar mbreithir 7 iar ^*'''' iimna T./. ut Maso neam 1915 lasin Laitneoir. comfhocul (no comaccomul) E./(a'/^ conid ocht primthoir^zí/í? samlaid./da dachuisin dar beolo duine 1910 cenel sin. -i- Maso ferindsci indsci uile ferdha. pater -i- athair lasin Laitneoir./// is 7 femin 7 neodair -i- dochuisin dar beohi nduine pater is athair doib uiH dhula. in indsci focul. 1901 cowmocl.^^ : E. 29^45 aicnead. gen^ E. in ferindsci no in baninndsci no in deimindsci. 7 reis 7 rece. viii. cenmota comacomul comacomiíl folaidh 7 ceilli 7 comfhilltighe 7 ceiieóil comshuidhigthe cuirp int 7 -i- 7 7 cetfaidhi Is anma 7 airmhi uili. cobhfliiilte T.: chinel T. ^"ii i9io. In fothoruind hi sin T. fothoirne T. muimmech B. 7 ^^^^ dimbeodaigthe E. Gr. '^'"^ 1903 adasramed E. aigenta. cetna diall 7 diall cuiced diall 7 ran. Gr. deicsina T. iar ngn. Lat. 26 1-J14 Patruig T. Imcomarc Atat ocht It fothoir. int gne masc. índsci -i- indsci banda. Et masat T.^^. Is é int aicne T./. [I]ssi in [res in] primthor<7. aicne. ^^ fothoir-B. Gr..146 BB. ar is nutrix is bhuimeach doaib uih'. Is i 7 tres diall 7 ceithreamad 7 res 7 rece. toirne. Masa rann indsci cate defir eter raind 7 indsci. primthoir. atat cethri ranna fuirri seacht n-airm 7 seacht n-acenta 7 secht ndescena a dheiscin iar ceill 7 iar (col. primtoraind isin inrecce ind fhothor E. fothorrt. e aicned in hisin in adasramed e in Is i met co in inni Is e int fester met no laighet bis isin focul. iii. ^"^^ 19-20-5 n-airmhe. Is i in rece in fothorund.

Res In is division. the lips first. caeluin. or neuter gender? to wit. voice. that it might be known of what known. ut est. nutrix nurse is. and accent all That is the accent in which they have been reckoned. That is the denotation. substance. is declensions. with Latinist. first tale(?). to and seven species. third. Rece the subdivision. it is pater that is to them all. so that thus there are eight conjunction. verb . to them If it be masculine father. parts. ut est. If it be gender. lips. that is. to nutrix. is that the size or smaUness which in the That is the size. perceptions of body. and neuter that passes over father all human is. whether gender or part of speech. and compounds. and to rece. primary besides parts. and four primary parts of the eight These are included under the four primary parts. the whole female species that passes over for human is lips. gender. fifth Quality the second. it feminine. number. sense. what the gender? masculine. that If it Almight}' God. what is the difference between part and is speech. with the Latinist. aspects seven according accents. innscc it is. the elements. and verse. be lifeless gender. whole is neuter species over human is named and are from nem. conjunction of sense soul. that with passes the Latinist. wit. res. and species. and the rann. the whole species of masculine. that genus belongs all. word might be That is the quality. feminine. seven its numbers. to derivatives.THE PRIMER to the qualíty 147 which it. If be feminine gender. Father of neuter gender. female gender. heaven. pater. it signifies : There are eíght sub- ordinate parts in subordínate parts. heaven. that subdivision there four wit. nurse. If it be a part of speech. the that male gender. aspects. fourth. nutrix. that it might be known whether it is a quality of evil or good that underlies the word. ut est.

ecnach E. ^**^ ^ ngen-side contath •i. dofairce E. i^-*"^ 19" corab and E. No (mar rofot. ^**='^ '932 faicit co. a airchill fuit.. so) ita trefocul : cen chlsen. Cen tamall. cen forbrigh. Cen faií^l^i co cuibdius. 1937 . a dhoichnead. ^"^" dochned. 18 second line is ac fiadn. 1949 jnod E. co tomus fri fidh da bhréithre 7 in da urlabrad T. Cen x íor 1935 Cen ecnuadh. cen ecenel.co[r]raib ann a i: formoladh. Cen asneis for araile. 29 /3 2 labradh. co ndath 7 tothucht. a airchill calaid. cen uathad fri ilar. cen ecnairc fri íregnazrc. a saerughudh. Dia nditen-sidhe cethri cenela fichet-i. cen ec[om]uaim. cen anocht da locht deg na hirlabra in sin. 293 '">''' heillgib E. . ends with a poern of which the Origg. a deilide./. cen chuihdms. 1928 Xrefocul tacraid filid andso sis rocumsat E. 1925 Trefocul in so amal rocumsat na baird J na patreni cuail i- Cen comman. cen 1940 cen rogair. i. Cenmota oenellar//. i»^-' i»-*^ ecomu«d E. Cona friortud tecta forna focla masa oe congabhthar amal i asbert : Trefocul tachraid filz'í/. Cen imsechfaidh indsci. imcomraic E. Cona aichni cet[h]:ir cuala i cumait E. i^'^ forthudh E. Cen saebsuidhiugud dialt ic frecra d' iarcomruc nan-se. 19S0 comsimuJ E. Cen a focul frisin n-aprait fil?Ví' frisuithi. 1924 1925 7 ijj cf. T. Cen dichur Cen ellach duna ellgib. trefocul cen Cen dallbhach dona 1930 n-ecoir. cinti E. Conach in ceathí'^rcubhaidh cummait baird. a mallrugud. Origg. Cen scath dofarce cuitbiud. a demi thep1950 idhe. 19-35 .ni himurscel. urd bairdni. r~ ^^^ cual. roat E. a codut. a ngen-side. a airisel. a lugu^^^d. andso indsin E.148 BB. a chonnail. a dhichneadh. a oen.tothocht E. iii. Cen comsiudh. dallbaigzA Cen tar. a lanamna deimi. cen dimbrigh. ii. Finit. a urlonn insce. a thelgudh noe. a hinsce mod. : : a » : : : casn saebuidigud E. cen ecuibdius. deibide E. a aurard. Cen ecna. imsechbaid. hellgib L. rudrach. aicitcen E. condail E. ii. do comachomol gotha 7 na breithri sin 7 labartha asait ernaili imchomairc. cf. 17 P. 19« cloen. Cen craip cainti. cen rudraigh. i»23-40 Arch. a diabul. Cen faicXf ''dí cnam.c/i. 331 Is fi I AURAICEPT in E. 1945 a lan. a daerugud. a chendfochrus. cellgib B.

as he said : Trefocul poets plead. without error. without blasphemy. internal losing its a doubling a or division. without banishing ornament. without poets -their word which Qny^ l^r. its selected neuters. its its reduplication. without an absenttoa present. It is for conjunction of the voice. without plagiarism. without false rhyme. its its its ennobling. To guard there : against these are 24 kinds. Or Trefocul is without wrongness. final. )i without narrative on another subject. diminutive. irefocul as the bards and the patreni (?) have to wit. neuter couples. so that there Ije not the four- rhyming quatrain which bards compose. so that there be no violation of law upon the words is if it be a measure that kept up. without one of the ellach. Jiiod speech. without one of the dallbach. without wrongly placing single syllables to answer as a trisyllabic word in the use of bard measure. without a heap of bones. without rhyming accident/ without unrhyming accident. those arethe twelve faults of composition. its its retarding. without want of emphasis. withottt-^-egular—repetitioi^'Crf -díetion. singleness. without an over-long. without metre {ae) > on non-metre {an-ae). its full. theft its hard. save a single ellach^ without disgrace. its hardening. its its enslaving. its change of of initial final. its its man-throwing. theft of long. their pairs. to wit. its its exaltation. without too many rhymes.. without a word that exceeds derision. trefocul. without an over-short. its its humiliation. with colour and properties.THE PRIMER 149 and language. and that word. without sameness. without detraction.withoutfalse gender. without pause. Finit. This devised is it. prefix of gender. corraih its its hyperbole. without over-emphasis. to wit. inversion. final. without cramping of diction. A^ \ call frisuithi.. and language that the divísions of analysis grow.withoutasingulartoaplural. . without false alliteration.

66. a 1955 cldiiáemnas domiter bricht arcomititer alta uad frihaltaib in duine. feles. the Jewish Encycl. : douisiumar air E. Ni mo na lucht cuibrind claní/ Di neoch tuirmim notuigeand. The Zohar. 1 980 Na 1951 i*'''^ lorga fuach fria firmhes. Ni tarba gen a tintodh. They equal the days in the solar year and are governed by i95<!-60 — — 365 angels.]. ar ita coic alta sescat ar tri cet in duine. Immar roscum Adna ogh. Da da comlin noscobrat. Saerugud dasrugud des. ar a dealt domiter recomhrac. ^"''^ recomarc E. dohuisin dar L. a hiarcomrac dno luibenchosach. iii.: 150 BB. reim 7 forbad. cach cenel is labartha dotuisim ar beolu duine [dohuisimar L. Sceith ocus gnuisi glana 1965 Aincit lochta linmara. Rofuaigh aib inn sciath dec is da ghnuis deg Roordaigh dia n-imchoimet Na lochta cen lomrim lac. Trefocul tacrait filid Do didin a n-indligid. 33ii3 26 AURAICEPT alt 7 insci 7 etargoire ar E. 29^24 7 dech. a claenre domiter a luibenchosach : domiter claldQmnas. a coic sescat ar tri cet aisti archet«/l. etargairi cen 7 ce« a lus labartha E. i. J coic laithi sescat ar tri cet isin bliadain 7 a coic sescat ar tri cet du luibibtre thalmain 1960 conastacmai«g tlacht Trefocul tacrait in trefocuil de qiUbiis dicitnr filid. main nocho n-fuair Etai«. Da 1975 Na gnuisi diten ^Xhér Cotut is íEn rv?ich aimger. which Rabbinical anatomy declares to be the number of the sinews veins or small vessels in the human body. 565 19" Ir. Da anocht deg fis is derb libh 1970 Dlegait a A na fih'í/. a feles domiter claenre. Texte. v. aircelail. Q{ the 5i3 Jewish precepts 365 are negative. a recomrac domiter iarcomrac. 8 .

The poets must know them Etain has found no profit of them." clear to you. from dissyllable that in estimated. not to turn them. L. Right " ennobhng. The countenances " of defence which I shall mention. She has woven the beauty of poetry. for . 365 measures of poetry. (craind) E. E. ''"'" '""'-' :imair '•'"•' tucand L. no more than a burden of a children's part From something. is estimated. Hardening " and " singular " that are not unsharp. from trisyllable turn quadri- from quadrisyllable pentasyllable is estimated. The blemishes without a weak bare rhyme. from pentasyllable hexasyllable is estimated. lochtii L. which thev undcrstand. ii. ./<J L. Saeríuidhir daerfuidir deas E.THE PRIMER with 151 run. iim >^j iw» j^Q i'*''"* j^^Q ^j^ £_ : cuibrim B. Eadain L. roscum Agna og E. '•••'• Origg. from hexasyllable heptasyllable is is : estimated. interval. verse-foot. it is no profit Twelve " errors. de quibus dicitur : Trcfocul poets plead. 365 days in the year. from heptasyllable octosyIlable estimated for the limbs of science are equal to the limbs of man. for there are 365 limbs of man. They succour them with double their number. Twelve shields and twelve countenances She has appointed to guard oneself against them." The " staves of words " for true measurement. gender. so that the ^pf=otection of the Trcfocul encompasses them. and comparison every sort it of speech that is produced on is human lips for is syllable that dissyllable trisyllable syllable. Trefocul which poets plead To defend Is their lawlessness. measure as regards letter. Ros-fuaigh K. and 365 herbs through the earth. 17 ""'"• d'imditen H. and from accent. Shields and pure countenances Ward As It is off perfect many blemishes Adna has devised them." " enslaving. nos-iuigind E. '•"*' . : cuibri. I reckon.

Dichn^í/ derid (332). 2010 No in dias im cach locht rolad Ni de bias olc dia imrad. densciath B. Memur fri 199-5 A fliorard. cona modhaib. VÍ002-5 : . sorbad B. i'-«^ calaidh. 1988 mod. ^i" In oensínuis no censsfiath L. gnuis E. . Cindas fhailgit a n-ulcu ? Cindas aincit anuchtu ? In n-aengnuis no [in] ensciath ard Icas ar cach locht langarg. E. ^»*-^ thadall L. ni cam. Ni muin fedm eicsi forro. Eolaig ica n-imcoimet. tuis. Is iat E. L.33I^44 AURAICEPT E. : Is i in L. 2002 da L. 2000 Dechnifí/ deirid degfocaz'/. Is Urlonn insci ria hairimh.342 AirichiU Dialt n-etar/(?OT^ n og. •''0^^ gnius B. fuit. Is na da gnuis deg rodet Na Na ceithri fodla fichet. ? 1«»^' a rtirichiU E. a lugugud. 2005 filid na fitir so. A lan ni lan cen bunad A diabul.„ : tadall E. 29. dara gnuis deg dil. AirichiU calaid. [mod L. i'-'»' camm E. is fir on. Cendfochrus tuis ria thodall.152 BB. E. is senfilid sain deilidin condail. a fhoriseal. cach sobard sen. Airmim telgud nve co nneim Ocus cendfochrus derid. is docair. Follow 1989 E. 1985 Dichnead Ins[c]e i dechnead tuis tair. Is iat sin na da sciath deg. | Na Da sceith ditin fon is domun 1990 Formolad Fuaradar mallrugud.

: Ni deas. poets that do not know is this. re imradh E. from considering it. four and twenty divisions. "Apocope of initial. of initial" iu front. ." Ancient poets have found out those Two " metatheses " and " internal division. good word. "Prefix of gender" for recUoning it. of final. No_back How How Is it on them." it is And "change "Apocope of final. The shields of defence throughout the world Are " hyperbole " and " retarding. Trefocul E. can they conceal their wrongs ? can they ward off "errors " ? to essay poetry lofty shield one countenance or one Which saves from each blemish fuU rough.THE PRIMER " Interloping syllable " entire. It is a twelfth dear countenance." Its "fuU" is Its "reduplication. E." "Doubling of a final" of a troublesome. " Theft of a long " it is true." its " humiliation." its not fuU without foundation. ar cach L. "diminutive. wiU harm arise. Ni de L." it is not wrong." "doubling "Afod speech" with its modes. "Theft of a hard." I reckon " man-throwing. Those are the twelve shields. The And The The learned are in the habit of olDserving them." with venom. Or the twain that are thrown around every blemish Not thence. i55 "Change of initial" for its visitation. the twelve countenances which have been granted." A memory to each noble old bard Its " exaltation. ^' Re n-aichni re n-imcomet ? In tres rand re rem cen choU A ^'-' ^••' ted tall(?) in Trefocul.

332a7 AURAICEPT Cip he chanas cona cheill. In clcen cuibdiusa is cubaidh. 2020 Da anocht ar a deich dib. Ni cubaidh cen a comrim. Im rannaibh ni ba rognath. : carait E. Tria intliucht n-amnas n-acbeil. '-'^^' tre ^^ -*-'* caraid L. Da sciath corcra 'na chomair. Claen cuibdiusa. 2025 Im eolach ina imthus : Ni híEnchloen acht it tri claein. 2045 Is ernail di anacfl. Ocus da sciath 'na ndegaid. 2040 Da Is sciath. gan col. Re taeb cach duilghiusa de. Clíen crete ni clíen cen cheass. 2030 Claen creiti rochuala cach. Is at 2035 deich millti milles. Nocho liach a Uandegail. ed ainces claen ceilli . Ni haenclasn acht . Claen atberim dib ar tus. ^'5 int intlecht L. O nach saercsem (cach saerchaem B. adds) cach s£erlaid. da gnuis in gelli. Imeolach L. Ni oenclsen acht cloin B. it tri -*^ Am gne E. Fis a ruine is rodocair. A tuirim in Trefocail. claen ceiUe. Tricha ar a se cose Fritha tria gne nGaedilge. tri me na n-imtus E. Is duiligh is is docair e. Da gnuis riasan gliaphudair. Cobigi celli.154 BB. : -'^-- daoctorE. a[t] clain E. Nit carit a daini dam Scarait maini for molad. Trefocul in tri focail. L. 29 (356 2015 Trefocail. Taibgit fiach in molta amaig.

" verses it my " Wrong of body " is not a wrong without doubt. rothseb L. gle pudair L. of body" everyone has heard." without sin. Retaeb gan E." fitting are countenances against the clear defect. '-'"»« as E. three wrongs. A wrong I oí them I tell at it the outset.: : THE PRIMER Whoever he be that sings with his understanding. : : •-''»^-' O -'"*'*'•'** nirbo E. Twelve " errors " of them. They levy a debt of praise outside. is Not mean their full protection. . Thirty-six up to this point its species of Gaelic. Is a species of protection. " A text of sense. Through his intellect rough and dangerous. it. A "wrong ofrhyme. Trefocul. Two purple shields over against The "wrong Two And of rhyme. roiaeb B. ^-''* •j):w -'"•'7 '*^' nach saercam cach saerlaid E. E. geilli E. Trefocul the three words A knowledge of its Are found through secret is very hard. two shields behind them. No friends to me. na deguid L." a "wrong of sense. dia L. Two It is shields. '-'^" fiachu E. riasin glanpudair E. wiU not be very usual. Besides every difficulty therefrom. is am sUilled respecting It is not one wrong but it is From which Of "wrong In every noble lay not nobly fair. E. two countenances of the cheek. are they Who separate rewards from praise. O men. It is difficult I55 To talce and it is troublesome account of the Trefocul. that which protects " a wrong in meaning " . It is no rhyme vvithout their common metrics. isa x. it It is ten injuries that injures [works].

in gres E. gon o luis B. Nai sceith diten. Is taebhnocht i Trefocul. Anocht no-aincet da sciath. 156 BB. co nduilgius. : '*•* ainces rofat F. gan goimh. 3oa7 Da Co nach be Tri sceith^ • glephudrach.. Aincit uili ecuibdhius Cia nach labair con a 2060 luis. Trefocul.. . . gan glor. diten L. : cun a ^^ non-anaig L. Is tengnuis ainces forbrig. 2065 ecowmuaiw Ecenel.^ 2075 Cid dia n-aidera d' oen[l]ocht Uair nocho n-aenlocht ce« on. narond dairt E. nocho n-ord mear. ni sícb lib. '^^ naron-dairt L. tri gnuisi. tri gnuisi. Oengnuis 2055 . gnuisi. . na ro«-dairt. '^^'^ •2()5i nocon he E. . n-eitig. Aincit in ro[lh]at romor. • Cia ralocht dian ruidles. ni hainm cen cheass. Is ed ainces ar rogair Oengnuis ainces dimbrig dib. maith Ocus da Aincit ecowmuai»» sctath. Ocus no-ainic íengnuis. 2050 Cuic sceith. ecuibdes E. gruaid aincit Na Is tri fri gruaid. : non-anaic E. ^i L. . 9 ditin B. Non-anaig íengnuis diten . 332a22 AURAICEPT ernail ainces rudrach. 2070 Anocht ainm coitchend cubaid Dolean do gach lanphudair Int anocht. Ainces egnairc fri frecnairc Sciath marsen ocus gnuis glan Aincit uathad fri hilar. A beith ranocht is roliath. rofhad L. fairbrig E. aincid L. : : •2053. Anocht mas ainm do cach locht. diten. L. 2058 ^"^" ¥. •3m gej^ duilges E.

" Error " a . : «m non-aincit E." it is not a reckless i se. with Defend all " false rhyme ''' difificulty." And one countenance that wards One countenance for defence. . 2069 non-aincet L. three countenances. dia bo dileas E.-"' So that the work be not clearly blundering. It is that which defends against "overshort" .. three countenances. One countenance that wards ofiffrom ofif you " want of emphasis. ." Nine shields of defence." 157 Two Five shields. . E. } Why Since shall it cleave to a single blemish That is not one blemish. without anguish. radiles L. without naked sided in Trefocul.?). lest it cost us Which defends "an absent to a present" . taste. Well do they defend "false alliteration And two shields. '•*"** Cid ma ndubrad re hcenlocht E. cheek by cheek. Which one guarding countenance defends Two Lest shields defend "error" it should be too bare and too grey. in Trefocul E. a heifer (. 2"™ n-aidicra aenlocht L. L. E. : : roliach L. Though he does not speak with his good Seeing that one countenance defends it. THE PRIMER lcinds which defend " too many rhymes." " over-emphasis. common harmonious name Has clung to every complete blunder The "error" is not a name without ambiguity. " Error " if it it be a name for every blemish. Three shields. three countenances. ye do not think it deceitful. without noise Defend the excessive " overlong." '^ The " False gender. 2»^" 20-0 7 ix. is fault. Defend hideous "false alliteration. Though it is great blemish to which it is peculiar. A shield also and a pure countenance Defend "a singular" for "a plural. Trefocul.

Oenicc ic catut. Diabull dingbad din. 2110 2080 itait. Aincit ar da locht. 2080 Dingbaid din. . ludugad E. Ro«n-anaig ar da ainges No dos-díngaib gan tochrus Amal atchi cendfoc^r^j. da anocht icas . ní socht solam. E. menmzin L. Ni dingaib dín acht deide. ic ^**" 2087 2093 Se deigniwa <Som delidhnig L. mallrugud . gu da[/]th Na tri lochta co lanmaith Aincid. ni holc in monor. : n-anaib E. . Sei deigdina ic 2085. AirichiU fuit is ferr de. ^090 Ar da locht a lugugod. Ar asnlocht ainceas a h?en Ocus a lan co lanchagm. can cheass. is solum L. Ni gne mergnima midid. A thelgud nai. delidnid. ^^ ^094 dingbaid dind E. ^' lod E. 2095 Sserugud is dserugud AÍLCÍt da firlocht masead A urard a uiriseal. monar L. •208i n-anaeib L. gu daith L. Is oenícc ic cen col. Da locht co formol^í/. Aincit lorga fuach a bos Ar da locht gu lanfhollus : 2100 Dialt n-etarleimi n-oll Icaid da anocht acon«. cen Se cabartha 'na conrtíáil. : Is degsnima deiligin E. 3oa2j gnuisi fogeib daib Amal iccait cach n-anaebh fir . gen log.: 158 BB. Is ar 2105 A airchill calaid. Aichnid dom' anmain. ^**^ dind L. 332a37 Sceith AURAICEPT is E. ig Qgf) ica E. E. ail. E. niamda a bhlas.

finds for As they heal every unbeautifui thing From us. without reproach. it is not a sudden silence. THE PRIMER Shields and countenances it 159 them .: ron-anaid E. ainces E. its Six helps in their "internal division." The Against two blemishes defend. " Ennobling " and " enslaving " Against two veritable blemishes defend indeed : Its "exaltation" and "humiliation. " Hyperbole " wards off two faults truly. -»»•' •2108 ^> '•^10« i fus L." without doubt. . deighe B. ances L." Knovvn to my mind." without sin. '-i'"--' a conn L. Has saved It us from two difficulties. "Reduplication" wards off from us." Against one blemish which "singleness" defends And its " fuU " full gracefully. wards it it As sees it. Its "theft of hard. One remedy has And one remedy It is " hardening. has " retarding " . with colour."' "man-throwing. : -í"" L. off. Airichill chalaid L. It does not ward off from us save two things It is . ronn-amiig B. three blemishes full well Defends.. not iU is the work. against two "errors" that it heals " Theft of long " it is the better of it. Against two blemishes its "diminutive." beauteous its taste." *«« a urord B. without decay. sealgad B. din« L." " Staves of words " protect here below Against two blemishes fuU plainly : A great " interloping syllable " With us remedies two Its "errors. 210« Ocus dingbaid E. change of initial and final. Six good protections has "metathesis. " without winding up of yarn. not a kind of mad act it meditates.

nd feich E. : foirid B. marsen la L. Frith d'flioghlaib for anochtaib. gan ail. A airchiU fuit. D' icc na da fichet. a«ic ic sccr E. pura B. 30a38 Dingbaid dichnead tri phudra (col. Ni ainic acht íenphudhair. cen col. Is ernail dia n-anacol.. 2135 Naroi cendfoc/írus deiridh. is feidil. . ^i'*^ ^"•' iromgnim L.ta. 2140 Ocus cobfighe. n-ai«/g acht aenlocht 21 1 o Aurlond insci. -"1 L. -1-"« cabartha L. o foglaib E. ceathrachat E. Ag toUadh Trefocul. na as forbawd E. ^''^ ^^"^'^ : nocho ga. Nocho Innse mí>í/nocho mod n-olc. E. 332a5i AURAICEPT /3) E. -'"^ ^n^ Poirther L. Adharta don righ dos-rat. . Deilidi foclach fíebrach Is deilidi s'úlaiacA. -125 Secht g[c]abartha cethrachat. diaU deglemi. l6o BB. Is iat sin gnuisi z's sceith. imda ollam ocaib re in Trefocuil. D'ar n-anochtaib anumla O dechnead gan tromsnimh tra Foirther in comHn cetna. 21-1 •^i'-^i do righi L. A ^^'^ da trian E. anfeich L. Codut mallrugud measa Aincit in claen cuibdhiusa. Na filid Maraen Rob tancadar tall Tuaith De Danann. ainm cubaid. "'^" : foTt/ter E. 2130 Da Uaim sciath ainces cl?en creiti. Aincit ar in clasn ceilU Lorga fuach. anaig: L. d'fodlaib L. 'sin rand-sa is rochreti. : Cat ma E. D'eicsib nochon at anfheigh ^ i ^u Ni ma teit du rigi rand Cach fili nachasforband.

: : feidhin B. Who gave them. is fedil L." Against the "wrong of sense" defend "Staves of words. -'•^ 'sa ruinnsa L. Of our disobedient " errors. 4 deilide L." it is constant. Trefocul. 213* siUcebach L. final" . : sa randsa E." harmonious name. Is a species of defending them. To pay the two score. masea B. -'"* Na ra L." without sin. Does not Uoes not protect but one blemish " Prefix of gender." of measure Defend the " vvrong of rhyme." And " perfected sense. without reproach. Aingit arin. protect save one blunder.THE PRIMER " Losing a final" wards off three blunders. of a long. To These are countenances and shield^ sages they are not unsharp ." i6i By " doubling a final." "retarding. ar cloena celli E. mesa E. '^'•^' ^ujs. : deiledu E." "a well-leaping syllable. Two shields which defend " in this verse it is wrong of body. E. '^^ ecnail E. Not well goes to stretch verses Any poet that does not carry them out." From me greatly to be believed. *^ sorrow. And "metathesis" Its "theft " Metathesis " of sharp-edged words of svllables. í\m claena cuibdesa L. Which are found of damages on blunders. L . too. Octis E. : : feidil E. . The poets that came over Along with the Tuath De Danann." without heavy The same equal number is assisted. Afoíí speech." it is not an evil mode. "^'^ -^3'* measa L. That there may not be its "change ofa "Hardening. There was many an Ollave with them Malcing holes in the Trefocul. Worshippings to the King Seven and forty helps.

diabul des. decobair B. cen on. Dia dos-rat. 21" derughugud B. Ar uathad ainces a lan. . L. Condail litr/. Saerugud doine in domain Ar dimbrig is degcobair. auriseal. airis hed B. Formolad. 332. dar uirisel. 2159 \\^^ nan L. 2wa dos-rot B. Aincit ecuibdius a fir. Na Na Na 2150 Formolad. Is luath non-anaigh aurland. Ecenel airmidir an^. Foirit ecommuaim n-indles. is a dheichnedh. 30 a 52 A Uus rudraighe Dar i rrandaib.i62 BB. deichnid. 2165 mo chean. diabul. Airichill calaid. da delidin. cendfochrus. lughugud. Rudhrach noco n-airisead urard. fuit i fos L. L. "'*® '^^^ -i^* 2175 21*6 L. ^n ainces ar ilar ndan. 2160 Ecnairc fri frecnairc co fir Indsce modh ica mordhin. Telgudh noe. 2170 Ocus na-foiret hi fus Deicned. Telgud noe. ocus lugugud Uaitighit cdxh rogair rib Lorga diaUa. Aingit ar anocht ria head Diabul. A dichned. niamhda in monor. dicned. : nos-rihed E. : fuair os B. Tarso noco ria rofat. dichneda. 214o da condail mar itclos da airichiU i fos. uili a B. 2155 Dserugud gach duini dib Nos-aincenn uili ar forbrig. aurard. Da dehdin.315 AURAICEPT Cach rand romilleadh immaig E.

bus L." O happy one ! Its "losing of final." it is a good help." " losing. E. E. oh man " Hyperbole." right "reduplication" " false alliteration." and " diminutive." " humiliation." these help it here below " Doubling." " reduplication. "An absent to a present" verily." " two metatheses. E. " Hyperbole. ." " Ennobling " of the world's men Against " want of emphasis. ar n-anaig E." They make rare each " over short " before you " Staves of syllables." Two And Help unlawful " metatheses." " exaltation." "humiliation. " Excess of rhyme " would not abide Despite " exaltation. re L. " il/í>^ speech " for its great defence. The two " thefts " here below. Against "singleness" its "fuU" defends. The " losings of finals " God gave them." " Man-throwing. " Enslaving " every man of them Helps them all against "over emphasis. -'"' moroiw B. I " Internal division " of letters." " False gender" is taken account of there. •-'"« -'"•' : A innsi mod 'ca mordin E. '^''^ forfed E." 2ia> L." "change of final." " Theft of hard. " diminutive.THE PRIMER Every verse has been destroyed utterly With respect to "excess of rhymes" in verses. Against "false rhyme" defend." " doubling of fínals. In se mod ica ^«« diabail deis E." without blemish. 2'"' Aincit L." and "doubling of final." omamental the work. Against "error" to some extent protect "Reduplication. i focrait E. Beyond these "over long" will not reach." " Unity " defends against " plural " in the poems." as was heard. Quickly aurland " prefix " defends it. airmithir L."' 163 The two " internal divisions. " Man-throwing.

104

BB. 332^30

AURAICEPT
n-olc,
;

Do

MiUiud [remi L.] gach reim ni ainm ni acht anocht

Lemm

ni gleaccí/r a gait
tacrait.
1. 1. f.

Asin trefhocul

2180

Trefocul.

Do

dhligegaibh dunta na nduan inso

sis.

A

nduan decid lib, dana dlighthig, Cest, nocho caingen falaigh In daiwgen ros-dunsabair.

Dunta

for

ges in

2185

Menip dunta cach duan dron
Cia locht
Air
is

isin

Trefhocul
airchetail.

?

e tall rostecair

Lochta imda

2190

Mini dunta a duan ndmnain
Csic/i fer

dona

filedaibh,

Cia heraic dlegair uaid ind, On fir doni in laid lanbinn? Cia ainm cach dunta dibh sein Sluinnet na baird dia mbraithiib? Caisted cach, cluined in fis,

2195

Meni

fliuilet 'na a«fis.

Comiwdsma do Donc/chad Do, Ascnam Dond, im cach deglo,
Saighid
so, is e in slicht

2200

Dondchadh

int

amra, ainm ollamda.

Ascnam iar saigid suairc [modh L.], " Dondcad dia fich [in domon L.],'"

Uaim do
Dia

fich in

rind " Don</chud na ndrech, domun daightheach."

2205

In inund
P'inntar

dunad dlegair

ona filedaid, Ar curp na duai«e 'na ndan
'S ar in

iarcomarc n-imslan.

2210

21"
21-9
218:'

MiUid roime E.

:

remmi B.
accur L.
^isí

Lem gniwaib
dechaid
lib

legair a ngait E.

-"* Do nach ^isojsaE.
^iss

frith

ainm E.
£.
<,„,•

218í-l'íd9

L.

diigthig L.

sin

i

L.

THE PRIMER
Destruction of flexion is every bad flexion, For it there is no name but "error" I have no clear desire that it shoiild be pilfered Out of the Trefocul which thev plead.
;

165

Trefocul.

Of the Laws
Ye

for closing

Poems here

below.

Consider the closings of your poems, people of the lawful art. Query, it is not a question of concealing Whether firmly ye have closed them.

What

Unless every compact poem is closed, fault is in the Trejocul? For it is that which has put them away of MaTiy fauhs of poetry.
poets,

old,

Each man of the

Unless his vigorous poem be closed, What fine for it is due from him,

From

the

man who makes

the

full

pleasant lay?

What
Which

is

the

the bards

name of each close of these name to their brethren

.''

Let each one listen, let him hear the lcnowledge, Unless he would remain in his ignorance.

The comindsma to Dondchadh (Duncan) is " Do," The ascnam, "Dond" on each fair day, The saigid (is) this, it is the famous version, Dondchadh the Ollave name.
Ascnam (approach)
"
after full

approach

is

a pleasant mode,
of the

Dondchadh through whom the world
at end) "

boils,"

Uaim do rind (alliteration
Through whom

Duncan

many

hosts,

boils the fiery world."

Whether
Let
it

the same close is due be found out by the poets, For the body of thc duan in their poem, And for the complete conclusion.

•^18«

ros-teacail L.

-^'-^

in airchedail L.
/;-,

-''•"

duain ndreamhain L.
-^*"

219«
•-'•-'"•'

'na ainfis L.

-'i»»-220fl

jexte,

iii.

29, 26

;

39, 33

ndrec B.

'^^

Findum

L.

in cach L. ~^^ n-imlan L.

l66

BB. 332/346
Saighit[h],

AURAICEPT
;

ascnam, uaim do rind, Dunait curpu duan, derb lind Cach iarcomarc is gloir glan, Comi«dsma is coir dia ndunad.

Dunta.

A

£ES

dana

in
is

domain
Albain,

tiar tair

2215

Eter Erinn

Ni dleghait seoto sona Cach duaine na ba dunta.

d.

d. d.

Dunta.

Da
Cia

cuincead neach a ndliged

lin dam na firfhiled For feacht feili, for cai cuir, For gnathlessaib, for fledaibh

2220
:

(333).

Ceathrur ar fichit iar fir Fecht feili ollaman righ, Ochtur for caei, cen chessa, Da fer dec fria gnathleassa.

2225

Deichenbhur fri fleadha fuair Dlegair do in ghleiri caemshluaigh, It e sin fri bagha bladh,
Ceithri

damha
dec
d'

in

ollaman.

2230

Da

fer

anruth donfa,
fria

Coicfhiur fer

gnathlessa,
fleadaibh.

Seissiur for coe, caemthuit cluidh,

Ochtar

iar fir

fri

Tobair do

chli ar a dhan Ochtar, uasal a fordamh,
fess,

2235

Seser for fleadaibh na
Coicer
cae,

f
2240

cethrar gnathless.

du canait, na ceil, For cach feaclit feili feithith,
Seissiur

Cethrar for fleadaib fessa, Triur cas, dis fri gnathlessa.

^12

is

derb B.

:

is

L. om.

^"
223;!,

da L.
9

'---''s

in

domain

L. Pm.

-^" seotu L.
^'^•^

•^' chuir L.
Seiser,

-—•'

c.ic,

chesa L.

Coicer L.

cx

L.

THE PRIMER
" FuU approach," "approach," " alliteration at end" Close bodies of poems, it is plain to us ; Every concluding word, it is a pure glory,

167

Repetition of

first

syllable

is

due

to their close.

Closed.

Ye

West and East, and in Scotland, They deserve no lucky treasures For every poem that wiU not be [properly] closed.
poets of the world,
in Ireland

Both

Closed.

If

any one ask the law

What is the number of a company of the true poets On a journey of entertainment, upon the road of a circuit,
For customary needs,
for feasts
:

Twenty-four verily [For] a journey of entertainment of a royal Ollave, Eight for a circuit, without anguish, Twelve men for customary needs.

Ten

for

prepared feasts

Are due to him, the choice of learned people, For glorious contests are these,

The OUave's
Twelve men
Five

four companies.

vvill fall (?)

to a poet of the

second order,

men

for their

Six for a circuit,

customary needs, scholars of renown,

Eight verily

for feasts.

Give to a poet of the third order íor his song Eight, noble his great company, Six for feasts of knowledge, Five for a circuit, four for customary needs.
Six to a poet of the fourth degree, hide it not, For every journey of entertainment pjovide ye,

Four for feasts of knowledge, Three for a circuit, two for customary needs.

•;-••

Tabair L.

-"' Seiser L.

^» Seachtnar (vii) B.

'^ ^^

fethid L.

L. Triur cadais B.

l68

BB.333all

AURAICEPT
damh
fiW,
as deach,

Ceathrur do dus,
Is triur fri fleada

Dias for coe,

ria

meass dun mhal,

2245

Is fria leass a asnuran.

Triar for fecht

feili

dofhidh,
fuirmidh,

Dam
Dias

thoga do

mac

for fleadhaibh, co fathach,

Oen
Ni

coe,

oen leas roghnathach.

2250

theis dar diis iar sin,

In da daim do fochlocain,

^n for coe,
Oen

oen for
:

fleid fead,

fria leassa

dia cuinged.
cia.

Dia cuincead neach a ndiigedh

2255

Ftmt Amenfinit Solamh ODroma
L. y[.wxc\\ertach riabach

noniine scripsit.

O

Cuindlis
7 ar

aide diles
thuilleadh.
-'^•"

-i-

do Mac Fhirbisig

do scrib so da mbennacht leis da

is

L.

2345
^a-is

cíE,
jjj^^

don mal L.
fochlu cain L.

••^" '^'"

tboga L.
cDe, fed

''^

tar, iar sain L.

L.

í

THE PRIMER
Four
to a poet of the fifth degree, a

169
band which
is

best,

And three for feasts of poets, Two for a circuit, to be adjudged And for his needs one alone.
Three
for a

to the poet,

journey of hospitaIity on which he goes,
for a poet of the sixth degree,

A

chosen company

Two
One

for feasts, with cleverness,

for a circuit,

one for quite customary needs.

Thou shalt not exceed two after that, The two companies to poets of the seventh degree, One for a circuit, one for a feast provide thou, One for his needs if any one ask.
:

If

any one ask the

lavv

what.

Finit, Amen.finit^

Solomon O'Droma nomine

scripsit.

L. Muircheartach

Riabhach O'Cuindlis wrote

this for

his faithful fosterer MacFirbis,

and

for his blessing besides.

:

AURAICEPT
YBL. 219
a 23
í-

Eg. 63

I

b 26

eraicept, uaír er gach 2260 na n-Biges n-aici bios in ts.o\seack: aicicht dono -i- icht aici, ar is deisgiop/^/ agin maigister no dono aicept, z'd est, acceptus,

Incipit eraicept

i

;

airiti

cugad \ná «eiche nach
-i-

bfil

ogat

:

na n-eiges
tois^ac//

i-

na nai

gan ches
ansa.
•Axúcht
la

na bfiW.
Fenius
ier

Cid [Eg. diana]

so?

Ni
2265

Don

teipi doteip^í/ asin^Gaoid//^, oir iss

ed

X.o\seach

dtiachtain

gusan
J

sgoil

amuigh.
for-

Gach son do na hawmcht
dhorcha ropui
doibh
in
isin Gaidilc,
:

ca.\rechta.\re

gach son

gach beusgna

J in

gach
is

berla, fofrith

ionad

conid aire sin

forlethi
is

quani gach
is

mbesgna
•i-

er

gach toiseach Aano, uair

hed

toiseacha 2270
i

lasna filedha, cech son fordorcha
bethe-luis-ni« an

duo

riachtain

tossach
Cest,

ogaim

ar

bithm a

ndorchtí-zV/eta.
?

cie tugait ar a n-ab^?rberla tob/í/i

don Gaoidilc
isin

Ni ansa.

Uair as gach perla
in

roteip^c/,

J

gach son fordorcha roboi
nGaoidhilc ar a 2275
dono,
in

cech beusgna, fofrith ionad doibh

forleithe

sech

gech

mbeusgna.

Cest,

raibi

Gaidelc resiu rotopcrc/?

Ropuoi eimh.
Ceithri

[Caidi a deimh-

niugud

?

Eg.
;]

o/u.]

Ar

ni fagbaigté';' in

dá berla sechtmogat

[ceana Eg.
for Goid/Zc-

gan

in Gaoidilc.

docom
tri

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x. ar a hetruime. 219^45 AURAICEPT (col.o'~. 7 ar a íorlethe sech cech mbeusgna r/is he berla 2310 ech rucad on tuor 7 ropoi eimh Ebra ct ni is 7 Grr/g 7 Lait/// la Feinius riesiu this(7^on Sgeithia rainig a leas a \\-ai{ty 'íoisecJi^. Cest. Uatha do tsiol Gaoidil gairg Duine aga mbia a firainm. -'"Monnucedi ^^ jms. Ar Ar a cuibhdi. cie dochwiTz^ co suidhe? Gaidel mac Eithiuir meic Tai meic Barachain Cest.] Cethri hanmanrt'a an berla[i]. Ni ansa. conid aire sin rotaisealpad. cidh ar is madh forlethe quaiii cech mbesgna ? Ni ansa. Ni ansa. filid A huiletaighie cenfordorcha ier dtorr. Cest. 17 garmaimVBL. Ni neasa dho Gaoid^/glic Indas do gach ealg o'náei'rc. Cest.zx ^8-«'>8CZ.> aon die taiselp^'í/ --''"' \. méud don-uccrr^/di. nach raibi isna berlaiph ni bud uaisl/// do riachtr?/// Gaoidelc? Ni ansa.2305 motha acJit^Xn indi dotormachtadí?/' trie co Fen///i'.^// Ni ansa. 7 pa mete co a mad lethe quain cech mbesgna conid -n-.172 YBL. he cetna besgna rugad on tor.acJi. ar is he Gaidí'/ pa tocha ct is die sgoil. Cest. cie do Gregaiph Sgeithia. It iat re garmain gan gai E^: otn. leis Berla Gaidí'/c. muig 2300 Uga a rand sgoil na hEigipti. cie berla don da berlaib secht? mogat Feine is rotaisealp(7c/ -i- do Fenius i Mío^acJi Ni ansa. denamh qiiaiii in icc in tor. Gaoidel aderaitsim fris 2290 Lucht timeolai's is ainpfis. 2315 ar a forleithe. . ar a mine. ct he ron-alt asa oighe no asa oidig. Cest. ? A iiEigeipt. '^'*^^'\^x\. Ma Co hail dam a radh fri cach 2295 (rubh) [co] follus an fath. I Eí don cie hairm sonnradach a ruccad iart//(7/'deisgert(?. cíe tir a rugad Gaoidelc? Ni ansa. 63 2a4 In berla teip/^i tric Roleasoig Gaoidel glanglic. (i) Eg. he pa soam don tois- sgoil. 134.

duola isin tir a rugad he. 7 iss ed sin is borb fia[d] Dia [anti 2350 leighius Gaedilc no Eg.ecJi rosgribh a dtaiphhbh 7 a lecaiph isin lucc tsenrcrc/ach dienat Is Calcaneinsis. is and rosgriph Gaoidel int in Gaid//r. 7 comad he 7 so a log-aimser. fobith is he \. \é\ndi^ ar is Persa di aimser cwvaáaig an tuir la cloinn Adaim. ? Cest.] andaidi. acht do 2340 uiledetaidh na feallsamnachta iter gramatíz^^ 7 dilliochtc?/^ 7 rim. Esmberat araile conid tugait di Gaidel do Caite Log ? Gaoideilge Ni ansa. nach feallsamnacht an Gaidelc Ni hedh eter acht 234. om.YBL. gluas. is No -i- ed is beusgna domunda and et 7 is feallsamnacht dimain an aimiris dogni nech a n-agaid na firinne diadha 7 daon. uair is he Gaoidel mac Eithiuir meic Tai meic Barachain do 2325 Gregaip Sgeithia. ar ni hi iocus na ioc/u ^-•* -'••'' and<|idhthi ( = and aridhthi) . rodus-fucc on tuor 7 Sacap mac Ruicimorcus. 2335 iter fie[d] do cestaibh Ni 7 do caingnibh domundu thuaith et eclrt/í. bec a mbrigh for nim tsuas. gramatach Literdacht Is leir is is fas. 219/325 AURAICEPT et Eg.^a. ocus rim. adberait araile comad aonleapar \\-d. Cidh ar a ndebert aipcitir -i- ind erritacht eibi ioc sainredach duar -i- ic focul.o\'s. A tugait sgribhinn tour Nemruaid do chumdach. 7 ainm no dono 2330 he Sacab mac Ruicimorcus rosgribustar.5 a ndmiaid mion-(22o) ughdair fri deredh an domain ar tuccait derscaighti sech na hugdaraiph toisecha. 6321125 173 Aimsear et Persa et Tucait Sgribinn na 2320 Tor Nemruaid c^/us Locus FaciOcus aimser di aici \xx\cJit a tos^cZ'.^ai\liar Uraicept uile. Cidh ara besgna doumanda don Gaedilg ? nach di ata briathar lasna hecwrtdaibh eolchu lersinní aisní'c/es Ni ansa. Cid ar a n-abar co mad borb Dia inti leighius Gaedilc? di ^Xa briathí^r sund. ut dixit poeta : Foglaim feallsamnacht[a] Leigeand.

nt dicitnr. uair geipzV/ an aimsir \íit na huih'^ dicitnr : presens teuipus pro omni tonpore 7 Samaigt//^. siHaeba neam ina gcorpaiph Nemruad itsin dono ^"'^ ^ss-i blolach with r under first 1 sechmat?^ ^j^ ^^^^^ ^"'^ n-i 2394 an grimroigne '-^"^ n YBL.2370 Tempus non dividitur sed opera nostra diuiduntur nocha n-í ind aimser fogailter and acht metugud aimsire no dano is bis iter na siWaba. Ni ansa. neoir : i- : fr^íTra dona hugdaraiph robatar a n-aonaimsir ris fein t?/c Cendfaolrtíf in tan ispert asperat ughdair na nGaidel.in aimsir fhrecnairc for na huil/<^ aimsir//5 Eg. 220a5 is -i- AURAICEPT Is Eg. do triall n-indlig///^í-// i- ar a uaiphrigi forcaomnaccair isin áontun cumdach tuir ]^entruaid -i- dola fria ^aee ior daon«a gan comairleigud 2^ •2373 Die. lego legaim. 63 2 b 8 iad na íocail nus-icainn-si. est: Cie duar donesa nath. rob iad-siden Yenms mac Nema. no ar ngnimrad-ne feisin in sillab toiseach. 2375 aili ? Cid ar a dtugs(?m a sound ar tus sech na guthaigi Ni ansa. 7 i^o^tadh cech mairph i- aclL Asperdis na cetughdair.'] itbert sund rand. Ar uaisle na 2360 haimsire isrup^rt frecnairc for aimser frecnairc.futurunt est -go.l dano. uair in leapar-sa -i- he Cendfaolad arainic VarsaidJi 7 lar -i- ^ro\ach Uraic[e]pt[a] 7 ugdair [na nGaidel Eg. Cinnus on sill^iv'a he da radha - int aonfoc/// a mbit na da 2365 -i- nach gcantar a n -go aonaimsir. ghaiph • Ar i is i as sruithi a bfedhaib 7 -i- is uaisle a nguthai- 7 is cetlapra cech pi a. preteiretuvi est lequattdo dicis •l intan raidhi in siWad toiseac/t. 2355 Aaspearat tra ughdair na nGaoidel dano. asperat na hughdair : deighencha n-ingnath Comba si tugait airic in perla Feine gnim 2380 i- -i- nemgnathach ar a ainminci. aimseraiph ponitiir.] amal isbert in Lait.1/4 acht YBL. jnsin . aili Eg. tit he [focul Eg. to- dochaidi cugut in sillab deighinach et sechmatu sechat [Deitbir on Eg. quando dicis \e. ndepertsim is : Cidh ar a i[n]d asberad na hugdair robatar roimhe.l.. om.

Nemruad. 63 2b4o 175 Adawi ina aimsir fein e -i- Nemruadh 2385 mac Quis meic Caim [meic] Nai./ in P^aiIIrt onii\ iar reimraiti. Asur. Loncbard. Asan panaictti. Ybath. Laiti«[u]s. Bardanius. Garad. Is Seim immorro flaith lasa ndernadh in tor -i.nielaib -i- for eunaiph. 7 isberatsum ierum co mba he an 7 Is co mba . Bodbus. Sgithus. [ler ndilz'ww 7 ier n-aicc. m[b]a -i- samlaidh s\ogaibh 7 co mba nertmaire coXaind fein s^mXaidJí oldas cach. 7 pa he sin an dara comairlid sechtmogat 2400 anall. . /3) uile in imcom^irc sund in tor anmanda da fer sechtmogat Faillec.i adqod«íu/« YBL. co Co iim. 2405 lasa ndernad acht chena ni airmit sgribenda acht anmanda na se bfer ndec ba airecam diph. Sardain./^^acht : chena he Neamruad Is in cetri is he cetri ier n-ealad^'/. is Britus.YBL. la hua brathar a mac Regua meic Arafaxat meic Seim chena co sin comairlid Faillec. conid he dorimart in da comairl/V/ sechtmogat isinn aoncomairli. id est. Germanus. Eiber. n-ughdaras in cetri 2410 Nin mac meic Peil meic Ploisg meic Piliris meic Agamolis meic Fronoisis meic Gitlis meic Trois meic Asuir meic Naei.Faillec mac Regua meic Arafaxat meic Seimh meic Noi : uel Faillec mac Eber meic Saile meic Arafaxat 2415 meic Naoi. Ni pi ierum aonri forsin doman go haimsir Nin meic Peil acht mad comsLÍrUd J toist'c/i namá batar and co sin anall.220a3i treníer tsil AURAICEPT uile Eg. Ribat. Da comairlzrt' sechtmogat ierum robatar isinn aimsir sin isin doman a ndernadh in h tor J pa he indara comairlzflf sechtmogat 2390 sin. meic Nai. do -i- athar la Faillec denam an tuir. mbitis lie sochaide -i- do a 2395 daoinip oca \&nmain. Nabgaton. xx. occ seilg -i- Trenfear iarum ind [N]emruad for fer án -i- aighiph [-i- coip Eg:] J íor [f]ieduch -i- for milaib trachta muigi. 7 airrcheis 7 for mucaip allta. Adcuodsuwí dano indi sin [adhe ••»« '•"12 sil -'^ airnel«/-5 -^"' -«•" YBL. air. he immorro Eg. ^ontoisecJi doiph in (col. edon Nemr«<7í/. -^'' 2407 Bodlibu'^ Gither panaC. propriuin noinen lipri tuccad in g\uas coir.

oir intan adb^.« sin dano anisin. do clochaib na do chrandaib doroigned an tor acht do cria[i]dh tsuaiti 7 do bidm<7/. Ashe ir áono . Da aicce for sechtmogha[i]d frie Arim suas Iter aol is gnim ngaphaz^ 2445 is bitouma/« tathlí/zA Ocus talmain ut est Oel. ola and ocus fuil.'\ comad a ainm Adrodimes do. mirr.: : 1/6 YBL. cloui.mi. Cinnus on. Hn lancuir. ar crand doberti dho.^ [Adaim Eg^^ •{• do sduaigh nime. £g.. Neuirttad brath. ar ni airdip do derpdoiph ina De -i- 7 do •!• dol gcorpaip daonda for fr^'jgaphala nem do talmain dochum nime 7 ndernad fri comadh arad 2425 oirrdercugud n-eisi.. 64 1 u 24 codasti. d' anmand in VcúdMaig lasa itbert et an tor dara : conid e sin Ht vidanms Ri nime muinter neime eoruni -'x' Ueniti co confonndanius lingas taoit 7 raufegam rasgaoilem 7 co romelírc/^/naigem 7 co robuaidrem co 2430 tsil a dtengta impo. 220/3I2 AURAICEPT Aspí'/i. bitomain co mbuaid. doip ar uaman na rocr^^siot moire do \ho\geac/it doridhise. Noi n-adhbair ^•" dilinne -^*' in iuir Nemruaid. roibhi cumachta Righ neime uais int Romesgaighti cona ierum impo aonberla poi oca •i- •i^ goÍrtig//. roaithn^^ nech dip berla aroile dip 'tuc cloich dam' ni is antan adbered nech 2435 [Dethbir on./i3 ndernadh dilend dosum o ua brathar a athar o ímWter go 2420 Tred'i ar a mad tor in tor la Nemruaid he ar chena. 2440 s. ros. Tuis. uisgi. Eg.] frie Ni ansa.a noimluaidis etorra. a nert ag Pa mor in tra cumachta háaini in 7 denam tuir cona festaois ierum tis. Na leca fora suaiti in cr^ 7 na (orchuda. forbeith ant saoirsi sin go anísin Eg.. om. uaistib ^4« forquda -^ Is (-ocus) i .. i 2450 Cre.//te is iat sin clocha J cran.^[t] nech diph 'tuc cloich dam' is cran« adberedh do.

co n-athgaprt// na primberla. 2469 lonain eladns 2478 meic -^ rocumdoch Aboith YBL.//net<2r maigm tsil as rofoghl<?mti accus a n-aírneachta ier na hilberla do in tor. cuige as gach aird. Greig. 64ib6 1/7 Dolotar tra filedha ímda asin Sgeithia reib chianaiph iarna gnimaiph sin do foghlíz/w na n-ilperla ogcon tour.. iet ider vii 7 nosnothrustar 2475 adfoirith^í'/ uais. Adaim. Isperat ughdair comlaintes nat ^456 nech do cloinn 2^' el-n.} meic Eiteachta meic Urtechta meic Abosth meic (221) Aoir meic hescr meic Seth meic Sru meic Esru meic Baith meic Ribath meic Goimeir meic laffeith meic Naoi meic Laimfiach./ain E^'. iss Ceithri sechtmogat as gach primberla dipsin. doboi filideacht osgarda acu cen co raibi filidecht e/adnac/i no is filideacht ealsLánac/i ropui acu in tan sin et is is ierum aricht filideacht osgarda J iadside doniat Gaidelcho. 220^33 AURAICEPT Eg. forfodaz'/ a sgola fo a deisgipla uad for crichaib J fo cendadhachaibh bfer dtalman gach -i- leith do foghlaim na n-iolperla. robatar and gcomloinntius. Laitin.] sgo/a. Fenius -i- patar agin foghlaim biathad et etugud in gcein mbliadhna na foghlama 7 tri detc/i bliadhna in taispenta cona[d] samlaidh .: YBL. ar dorui. 34W isjde 2468 QqIh taispcnusa M . ed rofoghlrt'rt' and. conid desin asbersim ier 2480 ccurp lipair tor for araile : I gcionn (/e/c/i mbliadan sgaoikí3' on gach leth. saoi sidhein isna tri 2470 Pau atuaidh. 2460 uair Filz'ía' do radh riu.] mcic Toi meic Semair [meic Mair E^. primberla cidh riesiu tisad Fem'iís et O na hairnig iarum comlainius na n-ilperla agin tuor. is and pui doreib€<af in Gaedelg. -i- Feinius Farrsaidh ainm a tois?^ mac 'Eogain meic 2465 Glunfind meic Lamfind [meic Agn<2. 2455 in rocumóac/ií -i- Doloutar ierum co magh Senair lion -i- mag sin coicc^r sechtmogat saoi na sgoile fer [tri gech E^:] berla berla 7 gacha primberla diph -i- dona primberlaib Eaphra. occus anais Fem'us icin tor in n-airit sin 7 roaitr^^ and co dtorrachtadar i [a E^-.

178 YBL.x\cht doiph in berla tohaidi cona f(í»rtor. 24 '"'•^ Dopoi. 69. da berla dec tri fichit tan ro- sgarsat. Gaidé'/ mac Eitheoir meic Taoi meic 2515 Barachai. Ociis ag sil Adaim uair Rie cumdach an tuir 'Keinruaid. id n-aigillzV iter fira 7 novien lipri. re cumdach an et isberat si da«í? bies da«í? araile co 2490 mad edh doman nobeth la muinntir nime. meic Maghach meic laffeith meic Nai isin ier mac JVoi. J berla na bfiled asa cach diph a cheile 7 in gnathberla fogní do chach mhna. Duil Fedha Mair. ar ba he an dara comairlid sechtmogat roboi ag 2500 deanam an tuir no aga cumdach.z[('?<. berla na beth ag nech aile do theip/« doibh as na acht comad accc? a n-aonar nobeith. Duile . ut est: — Goirtigern ainm an berla Rophui ag mac De [den Eg.///']aiph -i- berla Feine 2510 cona fortorm[acht]aiph iter 7 iarmberla et berla n-etarsgarta isin na fedhaiph airedhaibh amal doruirmisim est. Hisf.'\ Berla tuir nEpraide tantuin roboi 7 is doman mbrath. 22iai3 AURAICEPT tuir et Eg. B. Eg. ler dtieachtain tra dona deisgioblaibh co Fenius on íog\\\aim 2505 •i- dtaispenadh is i -i- a n-imtheachta 7 ^ ngresa saoi -i- •i- a bfoglama. Fenius mac Baath /rl. ar ni raiphe in mac sin ag [Cest caiti ^^in ¥e{nius} Ni ansa. 502. conid airesin 3. Pa haonberla is boi isin ititan rogabsat. he Eber ainm in toisigh rocoimeiustah'- he iar sgaoikí/ na mberla. dethergna tur doruirmisum.^ do Gregaib Sgeithia in dara sai roboi ag coime-^**' 24a5 cf. Keat. 12-15 Rawl. '^'•'^'^ . ii... 7rl. and conaitciotar cusin go Fenius hilperlrt//. et is aca aonur áovxxdiXaid an berla dorad Die [dorat Dia sin Eg. p. xv. 64ib34 lafeth meic Nai die xocmetar Gregaig et die rochin Fenius a[c] cumdach an patar siol Nai olchena.'\ do Aáain. ? 2495 Perla n-Ebrazí/e dano cidh o rabainmniged Is Ni ansa.^ deghergna. leffeth Deithper 2485 oun. conid de : dogarar in berla -i- nEbraidi -i- berla nEb^rdoigi innsin no Abraim ier siol xAprahaim gcuarta i- berla n^h^'aide dono.

Boit mais. Maicidoin. 2-'ia36 AURAICEPT Gaedel ros-oirdercaigh. Dardain. Nombith brais. brathair Is athár do Fenius 7 ba saoi sidien áono cidh edh sidhe dono dorothluigestar in berla so go Ethiuir 7 conadh Gaoidelc o Gaidel Gaoidel mac Niuil sin mac Ethiuir 7 Gaid^/<f o Gaoidel mac Aingin no go madh o Gaoidel Glas mac Is meic Feniusa Farrsaidh rohainmniged Gaidel. 2525 berla n-etarsgarta iter [na Eg-^ fedhaib airedhaib ind 7 ogaim. Laicdemo/. Eg. Ircair og. Sgouit. conid uad rohainmniged Gaedelc oirrderc indsin -i- -i- elg Gaoidel Glas mac edh 2520 Agnoin meic Gluinfind meic Laimfind [int en Eg. Sarda/w. Longbaird. Armaint. Roait. Sgill. Espain. Dalmait. grin?/e sair. Moiet. Alp<?/«. pa do Eaphr^í/aiph a bunad et tuisdigi 7 pa hand ron-alt *'*" pa go hEcipta rofaided. 2535 Romain mas. Traig. p//.. iss Egiptda. Point. (col. dara deisgipul sechtmogat nasgoile. et ed rofoghlad and. Braghmaint. et Feníus Farsaidh tra mac Gaoidel Eog<r/« et ler mac Nema mac Eithiuir na tri saidhi doreibsit in berla-sa ocon lug tsainredach á'ienaá ainm 2530 Euateno siicuitas zxXacht príus.. Indecda. Goith./. conid aire 2550 mais Mesgail mair '^^^ ^** Sicir araais . Etail. Sig//. Tragianda. dip so. Ciclait. Laidich. Daic. Creit. Reit. Ircair. Eithiop. Morann. Mair./ acht is commberlaig. 7 i^i gnathperla do chach in cuicced. Germain. fer tra cech perla dhiph sgoile. Sgeithi«. a 7 fhir.Magoig. fogni berla na bfiled in cethramrtí/. Narmaint. Freisin. fobith pa hand patar a 7 tuargpad asa aididh.Britain. Perla sain tra cech cinel sin. am«/5 gairg.' Beithm.'\ e. Guit. dalta Feniusa Farsaidh. Masg«j-a. Siccir. Morcain nair. Affrainc. Gaill. WXain. rofaid^í/ o Fenius Ni cech comchin/«//dono dochuaid 2545 and dochum a criche don foghl<^/. /3) Coirsic. náir mais. Caitet anmanda in : da cenel Ut sunt Paim- sechtmogat o rafoghlí^/«ti na hilberla? Ni ansa hic . Luigdin oic. he Berla Yeine tra arricht so sound./. Acai. Galus. in amal rogabh Cai Cainbr^///ach. Reicir.YEL. 2540 Eisil. Actaiw. 64 2 a 17 1/9 -i- tacht Feniusa. eí iarmberla. Pa he cech fer lion na na tri saidhe. diph fria berla. Tesail airt.

] dochum robatar asp^ri gcurp lipair Is cech comberla dochuaid Secht mbliadna a criche 7 ni cech comchineoil. Esu. Etroicuicc/r ar fichit ludonius. Saliath. Cainaen. Poi tra cuicc^r ar fichit pa huaislem don sgoil [dono %. lumelcus. berlada Ixx ina sgoil. ^^M nach cinela .x\c/it [ea Itberat 2570 1 ic da«o an son * is i ind aipgitir isinn Aisia. . Ordinos. na deisgipuil forsin gcuairt sin. ut est Moreth.i8o YBL. '^^» secundum alios an b 1 n a n 1.^/ Ixx. Ruben. nGomer. Cest. . dofoirin^et frisna cuig araile »fe< z. tuas e na da fidh oi]. Inbir Moir aranic Aimergin an ogaim. da thuaith Ixx lasa mbatar na Da aigdi ar 2580 Da tsaor Ixx frie gnim. Tailimon. Hiruath./. Acap. anmanda-sidhe fordotait 2560 : Bobel. iter aol 2561 is bí is '^^^ bitamain 7 talmain 7 huaislim "-"^ tri tath/«/<^ ina Calep coigir in troip "-^" 2M7 secundum ailia 2568 xnoirtseiser trii troip. da airme tur Nemruaid? A hocht. ' Gluingeal ' mac cie bethi. Tochar Miled nin. • Ar is no Ina forbaigt//^r foc«/? tin^^sganar 2575 son ger fogapar O nach fuach tre'n -i- dinin disail ' airnin no ngetal iIxx. Calebh. is on moirseiser pa It huais// 7 ba haredha diph rohainmnigí-í/. ind ogaim. laichim. et na cenela. . conid desin asbertsim deic/t curp lipair 2555 cind mbliadan iar sgailed doiph on tour for gach leth doreibed an berla-sa doib. Loth^Forand.22i^i5 AURAICEPT : [sin Eg. Ose. sin anmanda in pa huaisH poi ind ogaim 2565 a sgoil is Feniusa. Gadmer.luis-nin Cie litir. Da comairl/^ da cenel Ixx na daine. cie forsail. chius.] fedha J taobomna > et it e tra an. .. da berla deisgip. Afrim. iet on coig/z^r pa a o u e i [secundum aili fedha [airegda Eg?^ diph rohainmnig/rr it tri in trop). Uriath. -i- gilcach ngetal. Is iet Stru. . 7 teora bliadna iar dtiacht tsis i doiph ag taíspenadh a ngresa a bos deic/i comdar : a i samlaidh. filit Atberat araile secht and. caiti iet Ixx. Na coig fedha huaislé airedha dano. T)ab/iiá. Nabgad^.

2610 bitamain de — Cre. : na n-adb. deisgipul sechtmogat fria Fedozí/ Feinius foglaim. 2585 Cet ceimend ar coig milib. mirr. . Da aigdi for sechtmogait Na adhpar comadh gnathach. uisgi. ola 7 fuil. Secht cubait dec deimnighti Ag nim Is suas fri gaoith ngairz^ 2605 da ceim for sechtmogait haiream. ros et aol. biodamain co mbuaid. u aol. pa din do daoiniph. Da cheím Aiiim an ina lethet amal (ríher hic: Airem cinntech an tuir so tuir togaidi Neamruaid. chiní?/ for sechtmogait frie Dona daoinib dograind. Forofoglait thalm<2« prim tsaora sechtmogat Frie helartfain na n-adpar.— : . Ros. Tuis. 2595 Da Da tuaith tsaora fir sechtmogat . Ina lethet frie (222) Adberait aroile immorro is naoi n-adhp^zV nama batar isin tour lin. is fouil. 221/3 42 AURAICEPT Ixx : i8i coimhecar. ola.2\vs\ain ocus tathlaiph. berla for sechtmogait 2590 Rothidhnaic Die dia mbuaidred. is lincuir lan. Iter ael is 2600 bitamain Is \. Air/w. Naoi n-adhpair "•'''' in tuir '-^' Nemruaidh. -i- cre 7 uisgi.Eg. na adbair '*!" 2615 seichim na dp- VBL. YBL. Cethri ceimend sechtmogat. qidpiis dicitnr seuchim. Da Da Da Da comairhV/ sechtmogat cuigi fri Tugsad s\\xa\%ed .

) firdegail asin ai fis (i- coin.222a5 AURAICEPT Haonlog eim file is : Eg. J aimser Domna/// meic Aoda.2620 faolidh meic Oilella. et Suiphne . -i- In us toisichw a gcurp lipair edh deighencu ariecht leapar Cinn.] do bein a cind Cin^'faolad gcath Muighe Rath. A tuccait sgribin^ a inchin<^ [dermait Eg. nDoire Lurain maille Atberat aroile cona had 2640 i aenliphar acht liphair imda J ni hinan<^ log-aimsera doiph. 65 i a lo Caiti log 7 aimser eí persa 7 tugait (sgribind) ind Urai- cepto? Ni ansa. Atat da erndail forsan aipgitir Laitianta dealc annsin. Eg. Caiti log 7 aimser et persa J tugait sgribind J ind 2635 Airraicepto? n-aimsir filé? Ni ansa.? J do Geilt do dol for gealtacht ar in fer d'feraiph . amal isber in In os toisechu is ed/i is deighencu . > leighend áolQ^saig. Log 7 aimsir 7 persa : et tuccait sgriphind an J lipair-si. Persa do Cendfaolaidh mac Ailella. in os is is coir dona ceithrib is leapraip sin. Is e log-aimser an cetliphair iarsin c/ieííaidsi. Log dó Daire Lurain. A tugait sgribhiní^' 7rl. aimsir di aimsir Aodha meic Ainmerech. Loc do ceudus Domnaill meic Doire Luruain. an goe '^'^ Dubh Diad 2634 doleassi . Persa dó Cendfaolad mac Oilella.2645 •{ guta J consain -i- doaithned da fointhnec/i for eibe ind ugtair luaidius in ier bfiordliged fothu '-^'^ an libair gotha uais toghaidhe lasa '-S-^ ^'^^Ji/e written out YBL.l82 YBL. dethencu is ed toisichu. a Conchubair meic Feirchertne dorinne do breith aosa faind for Ailella Cendfaolad mac re doathnuaighiuster hurmor na sgreaphtra. Ceithri buadha didm in chatha sin maidm i 2625 -i- for Congall ina gaoe rie nDomnall ina firiní/e . seis. médh do laidhiph doroine J Alpan do phreit/i ind fir d'feraiph Erenn 2630 ina chois leis gan airiugud -i.Duip Die ainm ind [flijir thall dono et a inchind dermaid do \>/treit/i a cind Cinnfaoladh ar a mhed do filidecht J do bhreathemnw. Log do Emin Macha Nessa arichta.

bunad -i. Coic rand indsgi ind focail atait tri Ar hernaile for nama. a tri tan<7/j-e Ceudpersa uathaid sum. Preposlitlio {• ni geinter a breithir 7 ciell preithri aici 7 cena beith 'na pre^//air.bunad ier fogar 7 bunad iar gceill 7 fogar 7 ie[r] bfogar amal ata modao a noinine quod est modus : iar 2655 gceill prius^ id est. remsuidigud Is interecht lasin nGaidel chena. uel tercius a teirsio. 2680 airpert -'•'•"'•'' -i- atat a n-aigne proposicio '-''"'•''' -i- na guta ^'"« 7 na consaine i. J masa bríathar ca ball do breithir tri 2670 ar atat a tri a n-uathad 7 a a n-ilar and.atat da ai a n-ait ai guta 7 ai Ata ai a n-ait -i. breithir. /// est.ata dlig^í/a n-ait ind ollaman. ar atat ocht randa indsgi and. briathar et dobriathar. atathai. doiagod. A A inde beus ataat a tuided. simt { atait siat. Prononien ni ar -i- son anma -i- nie.222a3o AURAICEPT . ar is ainm totus. is atat. I4 -*'" emh . uathaid tre persa uathaid ilair estis. Ceudpersa ilair sumus. ua. in focul is atat -i- deimin am is briathar ? sunt . Eg. tu. ^í/ ata se. : uwJo '^'*''^ tuicthar Origg. Bunad ier gcosmailius foghair nama totus don focul is atat. es { ata Sumus { atamait. ab uno a bunad: iar gceiU 7 fogar. doaidbed. i- A No indí cowsaim.suin. tu. 7 atuerbiuni. -i- Sum •{ ataim. doaithnet. 651343 183 gcomhfograígit Laitianto •i- Atat i- sunt totus a a frithindlid^r/^ -i- a bunad -i- for lethon : bunad ruidlista 2650 derp(?í/ andsin frecra do toit na haipgitre dobeirsim sund. persa est. ata ai uait ar in -i- deisgipul frisin maigistir. Uerboni. atat dano -i. It e a n-anmanda 7 laisin Laitneoir 7 ainm. (col. persa 2675 tanusa ^) tre persa ilair sunt.: YBL. cis. a tri a n-uathad. u. quartus a quatuor. 7 briathar atat. id est : Nonien -i- -i- 2660 ainm. Participiuni ni cruthaigther a hainm re ^ Coniungcio -i- ni cenglus na ioclu cheile. pronomen. estis { a n-ilar. comacomal. bunad iar gceill nama. Inteiriectio ni asa dtuigther toil 2665 na hinntindi 7 gan a peth randgap/r/ 'na íoail -i- -i- ac.

-i- bunad Laitne in erndail -i. ar muiti hua. Ni cotarsna dono. da na nguta duail na gconsaini 7 tri duail •i- 7 intan -i- is a se tri duail na consaini 2705 na nguta lánfogí^r J defoghar 7 consí'/^acht 7 in i 7 in u: lethguta muiti J úníed. intan is immorro. dicunt aili '-"'" -*'^'' da erdeil '-''''"' fhirindell tinfedhaigh appcidhes . Is cotearsna dono anisin arin bfail a 2690 mbith da degail uaisle bit vii iar randa and. ar is hi ro eolus 7 scoth innsci d'eolchaib 'i- a ciall.i84 YBL. duail na consaine. lethguta 7 muiti. Forsin aipcitir -i- ondi is aipcitorium ioc -i- •i- tin^/sgetal ic : no 2710 -i- epe actor no ebe Mgháair: no ebe rohicrt^ ic duar no iss is i tur an tor : no : aipcitir ondi aipcidhius a mbeusgna do chach 2"'"'' no aipcitzr ondi -"^'' '-'""'- apericis. tri duail na gconis saÍ7n. 65 i b 28 dotuidhet uait a lipriph [uaid a Htrib. Is iat sin tri tri or 7 tri er 7 tri ir ind Uraiciopta.da duer deil íoíus a atat ud docent Da da -i- eur wdiSal 7 deil degail degail uaisle indsin. Eg:] asinn aignedh sin bfoclaiph : -i- tinwtaidhid i litriph : doaithnet asna litriph sin dotiagat asna foclaib sin a sretha rosga -i- 7 fasaigh 7 airchetail on ^MdecJit •i- ros eolus 7 sgoth indsgi 2685 -i- indsge eoWí: doaitbet -i- -i- doaisbenad d'eochtaiph \itrec/i : a ciall 7 a caireachtaire fuatha na {ocail is no go mad ali. nguta dual -i- 7 da dual 7 n[a] tri gconsaini 7 intan . Caidiet da dual 7 vi duail 7 [ceithre duail 7 Eg^ tri v duail 7 an Uraicepto? 2700 nguta. Da dual na consaini. leth. Ni ansa.222/3 5 AURAICEPT i Eg. na 7 muiti et tinfedh. guta cethair LanfogrtT 7 defogírr da dual.lanfogur 7 defogur 7 consanacht -ian u 7 an í it e da dual na ngutha no da orra dul no da orra dul no da orra degail no da orra dail. da dhual na . da dul arda -i- ar atat a secht indip sonaib cen co beith iar gceiU. is a cuig. -i- Da erndail -i- da dul ferrda no da ard dul -i- no [da Eg^ eur dul fir-indeall da uas^r/ dul. Da ernduil da -i- da nou da firnaill no da firdul no da erdeghail no 2695 erdail no da eurdual -i.

7 í inis. /// Donatus ft'rcend -i- ita in litir : an leighind : dixit et : Uocaileis dicuntur quaepcr se (223) quidiniproferuntur se sillabani faciunt -i- pcr atat na guthír/>i doturgbat treotha fein 7 dogniat sillaoba a n-aonar.da luaided 7 ropui Latinatas o tsin ale. e main duol coir.dogniat guth a n-ait. apexa a Greig. sin a ?it dixit quasi a.'\ dtogail Troe ropoi Laitin. Ut Prisianus dixit : Litera quaisi leigitcria co itcr lcginti prebed scd amal inwtech in leigi«<:/ iersinni faoires no guth-eth[ai]t iersinni fedaid guth 2740 treotha a n-aonar. 7 o cluas. Guta guth -i- guth fhotha -i- fotha gotha : iad-sidhen -i- no 2735 faiti iersinni faoidit : triotha no guth sed quod sed in gotha no guth fed iersinní fédaid guth ind aonar. no c. no dano aipgitir a Gaidz7c. d. ut Prisianus dixit : 2745 '^'^* ubhan ormh cL -'^ " edhu ain ata -'^"- iss edh suo 2740 '-"^" '^'^' Prisiens dicitui .YBL. 7 reliqiia J ais aípgitir ab agitorio. ag fuasgladh •i- eirnedh fuasgladh no dliged bis aenar 2730 : no edh ain a aineol^'w bfuil no edh ind so on -i- is edh son a [tidloc?*^ remaind : no edhon i- edh áWged J don no Eg. 7 o no guth ait -i. Jrl.] tiónocií/ tidnocw/ dligth^í:// dobeir se don íocul da cheile.5 ier mbesgna cenmotha Gaid//c is Eg. litcrarain Aipgitir copula con uel per se -i- ata ind aipgitir ina coimtinol no com. b.222/3 32 AURAICEPT : Eg. -i- Edon -i- ed aon a eirnedh edh dliged.2720 cengal litrioch cona comfielus archena. ar is lor do taithmech gacha est focail a hhreith co punad Laitne. amal ata a ard. 7 fada roime sin rofoghlait na heúd. no cech Laitin a latitudine ar ar is is leithe i [quani 272. Laitianda uada-side dicta est. [i- cindedh no tosach aipcitre a Gaidilc. incipit a 2715 apex a Greic in Eg\ apexe de deubam a hEpra. 65 2al4 is 1S5 sgaiHus a mbesgna do chach no aipgitir ondí aipex a Greig Laitin. 07n. meic Sadairn dictus Latinatass. No Laitinnda -i- inde na 7 : {ocal. incipe a Laitin. oni. Laitin o Laitin mac Puin meic est. apexade a depham Picc : hEeapra.

223a3 AURAICEPT -i- Eg.% ^'' gute -'^^ comfoghruidhend conn-eitiecht. aricht caiti ind oghaim n-eteír///a ? amal Ni na remebartmar. ar ni -'""'" maith ainbfios. Noconsoini. litir uel sine quibus vox literailis profeirri 7ion potest na fetar guth do denam 'na hecmrtzV. ar ní agin tor rotin^scointi isbeir na Is haipgitri amal Feinius. is uair nos-fuidhend fein. Cid ar a eipi ic tuor. •i- Consoin onni is consanantes comfograightech iarsinnifograided Iaguth<?^ibh dogreas. is Caiti ruidlius J dilius.'] fogar a n-aonur guthííz^i no -i- comaCid 2755 son foc«/ et sioniol fri dogniatswm consaine iozul. 2765 Coitcend di guth fotha. for fid -"" aipcitre fortced . -^^ úortwú^/. ansa. guth fuiti. uair fedhaig guth a aonar. Pa sai sidhe isna tri ^x'mCo&xXaib cid riesiu tisíS'c/ atuaid 7 ni saithe cen aipcitr/. ar a n-eipertsium guta 7 consaine. conipai'aitio -i- Fors. uair ni fotha nd-uprtrt aipgitir -i- innti fein. uair guthrt/^i uathaid 7 consaini iolair? Ni ansa. Cid ar a nd-epert guta -i- guth séd ? uor ni sédh disi hi puddein. coitcend 7 iní/lius in iocail guta? Ni ansa. -i- Guta ni 7 is maith and.l86 YBL. 7 guth ? trid fein. •i- condelg In cetna hernail ind Airaicepto. Diles Ruidles di guth di fet. siniul -''^ -''' fograidhí ^jjj guto -"'•' coma suin •27. uair fota cend is i dona foclaiph. 2770 aipgit/r in a nAisia dono Cest. Cid ar a nd-eupert consain comfograigtech (ogrsiigend in consain fria fein uair ni com. 652:149 is Uocaleis dicmitaur que per se voces eficiutiUir is ed uocales and litr/ dogni guth tretho -i- fein. tre -i- ferr anfis etargaire -i- fors Jiic fortciudh fios •i- Gaideilgi conndelg n-edtCír/^/a {• fors ferr etechta 2775 indsin. Cid ar a n-epert guta ni fotha in guth fotha no guth fouiti? uair {?io\á\\end guth do fein.2750 -i- cuma ar is suoin no caoin suin no caimiti caom tsoin soin caoma fri a : n-irlapra fogar -i- na consaine maille -i- guthíí^aiph inti •i- no consain coma tsuin suin cumaidhi : caomsuin -i^ -i- iainic [a Eg. Indles di guth fotha.2760 na frie guthaioi.

No og uaim a -""" niono -"•* mbeithi-luis-nion. Ailm c^/lapra gach sin. iachtad gach mairp.223a29 AURAICEPT 7 1 8/ Cíd doichned.da n-ai indsin -i- caingen ernail -i- in caingen remaind 7 an ai i n-ar ndiagh. /ors. written out doradais Nedhe fortgella eolus Feine 7 ^w Oghma geall a jsJq fortgell . dar mo Ni fortgealW >^9BK ^^ H< is heigius >4lfH ^^ -i- ?\\id. ar oguni -i- is de fuaigther go hog a -"'*' -'^''•' n-irlapra.cx\^ad indi and rosgripí?^ ogum 1 7 is hi in -i- in 1 1 1 1 beithe xosgx\^ad do ' hxeitli xohaid do im dala a mna na x\xgiha uad hi a mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi 'br.: YBL.// fein dono. 2800 xo?.thar do ben uait fo vii a sith no a bferandaip aile muna (col. ar file is ogaim 'i. /3) 2805 coimeta hi. id uocales et consonantes. 2780 erndail forsan Atat dano da ogavn. oir teibi in foc. ar do ainm aipgitr/ don ar 1 1 doinsgain o a. Ailiter {oxX.mdih nobith slonnad leis est. 7 taobom?/^:. Idhedh is he a fidh didiu moaum dedi is toraind dona v pi 7 primfedhaiph.g€í\aid eiccius tar idha 7 ailm ceinelo lugha 2795 andsin. ced áichned an Airatceptai sond is ? A ceddoichwéí/ fern arin focul for. x\\n Is sruithe \&xuni in No is bethi-luis- ainm ni is d' aipgitir ind ogaim. no forail arin bfociil is A ceddichned •{• eipi ugdair. Ogmu litir -i- 2790 amal ispert in Mell suide. Is airi itet beithe sech gach fidh. ai mbeithi-luis-nion an -i- Roraidius atad romaind.onní is nin ainm da gach nio«a Neidhi. Da og erndail dano forsan mbeithi-luis-nin an forsin mbitheolus leiterda ind ogaivi -i- in uma -i- mon ogaini J nion ton^. Dana-i.' Bethi-luis-nion ainm aipgitrz an ogaini. uair doradus da erndail forsan aipgitir Laitianta. ar YÁ\}c\end vii Lug mac sidhaip' i- i- is o beithe doinsgain in ogunt -i- in ogh uama. Da •i- da no ier ndail forsin mbeithi-luis-nion -i- an ogaivi on foirithn^^in beithi luis bioth ai eolus -i- eolus na hai 2785 isin •i- mbith fedha : bithi leisna s.

Eg. ar filet he rainig 2810 na Sgot cusna hanmandoiph est^ forra aniugh. 7 araon fotha. . 66 i a 10 bfocl(t/<^ anogh No occuiii is { o Ogma mac Htri Ealathan meíc Dealphaith. Eg.i88 YBL. funo a dualgus 2825 coitcend doibh -i- íogair. is A airp^rt \n\?norro -i- { eipert aire (focul) aiúieantsi indas fein fair is coill no doire no forin bfidh intan fid aigenta is : litir \mnwrro : guthí^z^i no consain airpfc^rt fair intan '\\. uel a nomine fundaj/ientuni fotha ucl a funo.fundajnentuni a dualgus fotha. tap(t//'t 2i\t. Cid do beith niabrt for u sech gach h\oá do q quidini u. Fiod dano on breithir \sfundis \- -i- fothoigim. Feda sin xeruin is iersinni is fotha foghair isin 2820 Gaidilc in guth^zz^i 7 in coitcend d'fidh saorda 7 aigenta bunad -i- -i- fundanientiini. A indi imniorro fidh cid fodera fo fedh maith a edh ag foghrugud. ogaim Fid saorda cetamus atat fidh ind : : da gne do hnnadh occa. ut Ogricus (?) Comacsi dano '^^^ -'^^'' 2840 dixit : s in principio ucl ut sillabani sonat. Ata dano do med fogrt/> s cona rathoigther fogaur u ierum. Ar is gach focul Gaoidelce. mathair Ogaiin lam no sgian [Ogma da Fedha fid dano fidh 7 fi<^) gne -i- for suidhe -i- 2815 fidh saorda 7 fid aiccenta fidh saorda aiccenta -i- na coilled. id 7 libro isto nomine : uocatíir 7iel in lingua amal isber in leapar ogaim ^tat : Athair ogaim Ogma.er fidh saorda no go mad fotha a 2830 taprt/rt saorda 7 aigenta. ut est int legtachrtí/ in secht no in fraoch 7rl. Ogria/s T.'\. Ag phfidh saorda funo 7 fundanientuni. ut est ÍH Britainia. ni hingnad in mad solma tista di forsin nguthrt/^d iermo.a no for ú fonialus T.end Coitchend dano a fedha intan : frie sloinrtfedh Indles dono a no for losaiph is fidh aigenta. saorda 7 aiccenta. 223^4 cid AURAICEPT cugam a litribh. fid Ingnad na da bunad agin saorda •i- 7 aonbunad icon is bfid aiccenta. coilte ^•''' ar leith. no a tapíZzV-t for for fonialus intan is fid saorda ct is techta 2835 sin do iarraidh iar fodera comad 1 q no g no st consoin cia Ni ansa. fogmidim.

'] eisibh. luicc 223/3 34 AURAICEPT guthai'g-i Eg. fedha 7 is 2870 taopomna -i. '^'^^ fo a adh no a suth .tri haicmi na dtaopomna seichimh nGreigda no co mad hed bud coicti and -i- frisinni roraidius > XQ -C aedh '^' ® ^^^^ 7 o fota.\ raidim bit no taob- omna •i- -i- do thaobaiph na n-oumna mor : [i- na fidh ova^ia 2855 n-airechda bit Eg. Frecra do breithir [tug intan aipgitir' •i- roraid 'atat da erndail forsin« frecra do 2865 a. ailius shaighiw^-. is aoní/a is in beithi-luis-nion -i- ? Ni ansa. fora aoi suighius. Cuin [is Eg.\genía Eg.] tug intan roraid. Eg.: YBL. Cuin -i- Uile is Cuin ? -i- deda? fedha et taophomna.l no taob uaimnecha : no taob tobadamwrt iarsinni tophar damhna [na -i- fo«/l. coicti m. ? 7 -i- na cuig fedha airedha ind ogaiui. : Fid aiccenta immorro fidh na coilled edh a airdi -i- no fo edh -i- teine i suidhiu ina inne -i- : no fo a •i- edh e a fosgadh no (fo) a suth -i- a torad a indi 2845 is sund a inne ai ailius. is he ruidhHus : in focail. ar bi ant airchetal a n-QCVcú\ais na dtaophoumna. Cuin is treda fedha 7 forfedha 7 taopomna. 7 canus. : Ai -i- dano gcein saigi?/^' menmain ai chan//i: oga gapail -i- ai og cuinccé-íif : a loige -i- aoi miodius ima med no ima 2850 taob uaim a : loiget ai tsuigius ier n-ioc a loigi. o/u. 66ia45 fein 1 89 beime g don fri iermo no cid do u no ar a -i- cairdius fo q. Cid ar a nd-epairt taob uaim n-ai a nd-epíí/rt do taobaiph na taop uaim n-airchet<^//. ar ní da taophaib na bfiod bit acht rempa no ina ndiaigh 2860 Toba damhna immorro isna foclaib pit na taopoumna. h. Tri haicm^? na ceth- arda ? Ni ansa.] ^" ina airde. in : aoi pis -i- miodius. 'atat da ernail forsin mbethi-\uís-m'u an ogaim! Cuin (234). forfedha 7 taopomna Cuin b. Cid ar n-omna mor (bit). Eí taopomna n-airchet<?/: aoi -i- i- taoph uaim na haoi is -i- onní aoi' [azo Eg. fedha aei fo edh a 7 aei uair atat coic ai aoi and.

sechim ín in Gaoedhail . qccus ^ -**'^ •J87. ut est da taobomna. 14 28«:! -^^^ -2896 . 66 I b 28 seda? -i- tri foilcesta in ogaini /// f/// No comad hed pud frisna -v- seda and seichimh est coicte in Gaoid// 2875 rannaiph ut seachta 2 ? -^ .5 (j ^/ <• \\\\ Gort cetus ar gort ndiuit Cech str represented by only 3 cross strokes in YBL. gaibid airnin c&nn no gloun. : aspiracione Forsail forin oile.: I90 YBL. Lat. cuin amal isbeir Laitneoir b 2880 ante omnes vocaleis ponitur pro p -iremsamuigth^r b co dtinfed ar p coitiá iwxWes h.. ii. seichem in Gaidil T.. Airnin e recair a les greim in in dara n-ai. fuillti Cuin ^-J is -i- teora tri ind Uraicepto -i- — — iCi- ^../. is e in fot fuillé'^ -i- aile -i- dobeir is cumang fedha in tres i\x\\\ed son do bfail i sron.gúhihar and.-d : -'S'S ranna „t Ji^^„t ^s sgripta ^''- > 'y 1 < T. i«n Teora bfail fuilcesta ogaim > ria -u- ^ ^ *^^ /^^ ///f sgript//rtr C -i- >" a mbiad coll is q and coll amal ndiuit ata ata.•1^^. No foilcesta in ogaiin frisna se remaíní^ ) ^^* ^^ //^ ' /ff/ C H cetus in is ed fuillius : beth[e] conngaip greim p. 142. ÍS83 -^« Gr. 18 . Dicunt aili co na bi h araon re b do lucc p acht is b a aonar bis ar p. 20. buxus pro puxus b inntib sin ar p 7 ni 2885 b co tinfed amail adberat araile. 224 a 7 AURAICEPT |j|(| ' Eg. ut dixit Priscianus Atnbo pro anipo.. ut est |||| jf^ ([|(| ^ ata. ar is p tinftv/ a nGaidilc. ar ni bi &mv\ad 2890 ogaim. Is aire gaibius airnin greim in dara taobomna. >^^^#<Cech baile i Coll cetus ar is íl 2895 mbiadh nion ^ [[[[ \ re ngort ngetol ^.

ni hier- ún7ii baitis lethdei no lethfhir acht na tot comhlana.' p p. . ernail i- dano for consana'ibh lasin 'La. t a dtuistige ina ndeoig is de suidhip. decchauc/i(ur -'-"« hiersin ^ta YBL. p. -i- X ni a ttuisdigi rempa. ud Donatus uel Priscianus dixit sunt que per se quidim proferuntur faciuntjv\si et ni : Senie uocaies et per se sillabam non fein Atat na leth guta ni hi doturgbat treotha sill<^?/^ -i- denait treotha fein. Quiquid asperum dicitur esticht auditus expeillit indarbaid int '-'"«•^ secip ni raiter 2930 zíwh •»-!0 '^ 291^ Gr.itneoi'r da f. ttt Priscianus dixit luaidhit guth lethghotha fogrugad no Seiine dei seinie uiri dicuntur sed nicidiain partini deoruin uel [I. 662:16 I9I mbia rie tinne Sail is sdraiph is sgripta and amal . 3 r oui. '^'~ 29->. B) cin cob cudruma. 1. c. Lethguta luitguth no no lethguthait no lethguthsédh no leth. sic na lethguta : ni dot 2925 comlana. i- Da m. Is aire coir teora foillcesta na íormcesta coir £g.] and.: YBL. Ina lethguta cetus -i- r. fir Cia adupramrtr gu rab 2905 lethguta sin acht Na muiti b. ico. g.2915 guthfotha 7 ni hiersinni co mad leth gotha go cert nobeith inntib acht nad roichit lanfogur. h. Lat. f. d. sic na lethguta ni dod comlana -i- amal at^ a mbaili oile -i- quicuit [/«] duas partes dividitur altera pars seniis dicet secib ni íogJiailt/iQr a ndiph randaip ra'úer in dara rand co rab leth (col. k. Sfzwaiph •i- Di ernail dano i- da -i- firdegrt// forna con- cumaidhi lasin Laitneoir lasin lethanfoirzV/^m isin Laitin : iarsinni foirius in Laitneoir -i- gach red no 2910 no Laitneoir Laitneoir threorcr/í/ i- laithreoir -i- iarsinni laithres co treorach : : -i- onní is latinatas no Laitneoir -i- lit/r- no legh-treorí?/^ no foc^rdad dia lethan-toir«/t. toirnid V. n. s. ata yyy^^~'j-rrTn is is — <^- cetus ar sail ndiuit ata isinn ar 2900 iat sin treidhi is coir do imcisin [is ogam. non\ quia qui de- uirorum Jiabent sed qui pietii dei 2920 uel uiri non siint -i- cia raiter lethdei no lethfir. ed o guth J ni hedh o fogur. firdegail lethguta J muiti.224a28 bfaili i AURAICEPT sail Hg. q.

na No muiti -i. guthrt^aib: no muiti -i- onni mnai bailph. 7 uodhside for amlapar -i. Eg:\ 1 an dHg^^ is ail i na lethguta consanachta inntib fa deoigh do chur uad/r/«.224P6 Muiti -i- AURAICEPT mi-aiti -i- Eg. ^»=0 i^ g marro ^^« tustighe.tesargain no a tinnsgna tuistigi ina ndiaig masa tustaigi in ar a nd-epertsum a [Ni hedh uair ni gnath in tinsgetal fa deoigh.ainm do chat [cach £-] n-amlapar 7 as.66 2a35 co hacarp. sidhie forsnahisi 7 ni ara ni batis amlabm doraith. ut Donatus indsin ar thanacht 7 [ar Eg:\ etroime per se sunt que nec per se proferuntur et dixit : 2940 Mutae sillabam non faciunt sillaib -i- atat na muiti acht nocha denait int 2945 cetna budeisin.mifotha ar terci a Uogair inntib nama. a fogair. tusa.moiti £^n] muiti -i. • bec muitid a n-aonur no muiti -iguth a mbeth maraon re [muiti -i. adberat in bansgul dodhelpha 7 Priscianus dixit o deilph acht drochdealph fuirre tantiim. .in dHged 2960 do airisim leis fa deoigh. an lucht o ata a na guthaigi. tuisdige -i- -ituisdige -i. ar atat Informis : a fogur inntib cid ad beca iit qui\_a\ vialeformata cst mulier dicitur non quia caretforvia sed ni he sin ni tsechmallus .\. Cid 2955 tinsgetal. eimh dosum ar mad tuisdighe acht madh in aei gotha fil dtocht roseichiustar ina menmain -i. YBL.192 YBL.^ 2939 Nir po ^xzcex-^ta amlabhar atberar ^ •-'«^« uodo-side '^^^ amlabra ^^ set qra muili YBL.2935 is viutus.i- A A tuisdige -i- an luchd ota a -i- tuism^í/ na fedha oirechda do suidhiph dona haib no adhaip -i- dona caingnibh dligtechaib no -i- for suidhiph do suidhiph doipsidhe. muiti ni tat nemfogairacht Is amlaidh sin [iarum Eg^.míiti in : no a muiti meto a n-aonar iet no ait a fogair : i. treotha fein 7 nocha turgbat treotha cetna mes br^/Z/emhnus no don lethguta cetumus -i.in hamus forsinn aisneis no don cetna hai for seis : : Ina : no don cetna hai a is menm^ no co na ba heicc^« a taithmech na muiti thaithmig/z^r in timarr o fil a[c] clusail fis : it^r ar 2950 o quidem at^ cechtar de. ar mad himairgidi son lasin nGaidel mac Eithiuir fil 29.y. .gi YBL.

66 2b26 193 as ed lais 7 doip diplinaiph an guth reimhiph 7 ina ndiaig. Ar mad -i- 2970 aigned no ar mad aigenti doip dib lionaiph dona lethgutaiph 7 dona muitibh ina ndiaighdona muitibh. 7it suidiugud a n-uord et oinine dicitur : i- Oimne uile prius po^iitur bonuni postponitur samaigther (225) 7 gach [ndereoil ar tús 7 cach Eg^^ maith fa deoig et gach sainemail co forbha ar togaide no mad a.224^30 AURAICEPT Eg. Ar roba himairgiífí? laisium comad in tuisech do airisim an deigenach do chur uadh conid muiti an ogaim acht forfedha nama. Ína mad ferr laisiw a J mbeth comdis lethguta Ni ansa. et nir po hecoir son. ar ni uile and./er a^iasirophen a hai//m-sium sus fedha . Ar is ed roba himaircc/</e et in lasuidhe comad touisech doairised 2969 lais. \. nir uile bethi-luis-nin -i- 2965 Nir po himairgidi son -i- ba himaruga son i- -i- togaidi nir bo heim airec suadh -i- son nir bo himaireachtain suadh son Cid ar narpo -i- s'úlad fori- tormaigh.2985 íoca/. comad ne nobeith comdis muiti nGreg.MSS.iccenta -i- -i- madh ai gnith/ diphlinaiph ar mad óUged dona lethgutaib 2990 Ciarpo himairccide isna muitibh nir bo 7 dona muitibh.isna muitiph nir bo himairgide son et nir puo coir son. le nobeith and.YBL. ropui eimh airechta -i. hedh isna lethgutaió. ar robad do Gretgaip is do Feinius uigcdh fri : no dono ar uaisli uird na nGrec no na nguth. muiti amal robatar agin Laitneoir? filet Ar seichimh lethguta leoside. deig^//ach 2995 ^ ''^''•^ airisiod Quij MSS. Roimhe isna lethguthaigib 'na ndeoigh -i. •i- Per ewistrafen a hainm Laitneoir 7 en 2980 mbeth tria deigé'/zach impí'í^ amal ata Cid ar el.remaibh dona lethgutaib eí At^ acht lem and chena iss ed suad iaisium on comad a ix rosheich- ustar ina lais fo menmain -i- in gutha/ge fil isin lethgutanoairij-^í/ -i- 2975 deoigh 7 an deigenach do cur uadh ai int in deigenac/i fuach do choir suad -i- in tdaopomna do cur sin lasin ar tus co na m[b]a miait lapartha ata bitheolus literda ind ogaim acht fedha nama. lasin himarccií/(? son lasin nGaoidel ngaoth dul an fer aga raibi in dul gaoth. *™ N .

A tri -i- indsge banindsge demeindsge lasin nGaid^/. ut est luis. ar ni a nguth^^oiph ioris pat'gter uile. ut est uad. Ni insa. ut est s. Insge tra orasio uel sginnsia z. Cinnus f. is i. .patr ínt ugdar in -i- Eg\ airemh a ne [a] -i- fil on guthaigi -i- nin. lethguta. caiti deochair? Ni 3025 Nus-deochrend a tri herlanna innsge. is e.194 YBL. quert. is ar is o muiti tinsganait acht fedha nama . A muitib. is fir sin. id est hic. 3020 Muiti iat. 'Na nguthí^^litri taibh '\mmorro íorpaigter s.co nach a ngne muiti uile. hoc . J a fearn /rl. is is e in fer. Cest. Jr\.a tinsgetal uadaibh fen 7 a forpa i nguthrt^aiph. 7 eid/r na muiti a tinsget^/ uadaiph fein 7 a forpa a nguthí^^aibh cidh uadhaibh fein 'CmsganX. 225 a 7 AURAICEPT uile -i- Eg. no saoi do litriph litrib sail acht amal bid fhe nopedh and. ogm'm acht fedha nama -i. ind ogaim a nguthíz^ip. n: forpaigter immorro tinne.] Gaidel Niuil [meic la Feníusa Farsaidh Eg. no ni fern. ansa. 7 mad fer- iadside o guthíí^aiph tinsganait. is edh edh i[n] nem. Masg^/ 7 nemutur lasin Laitneoir. lir Insgi tra cis insgi docuisin? Ni ansa. 7 reliqva. -i- nohainmnig///é?r (jaidelg: no laisidhe. bunad Laitwi feimm 7 : i 30«i aní ''<^fi Nus-deochra/i'id i . ar a ngutha^oip íorhaigter-s'\á& do gres. ut est beithi. f. is hec. 67 i a 19 do chur uadh co na muiti acht fedha beithi-luis-nin -i- an ogaim la mac suidi Eithiuir lasin suidh nama: la suidhi no comad o Gaoidel Glas mac 07h. n. no ar mo mad ni n-apar muiti risna mmtt'd quam ar a dtinsgetul uadaiph fein 7 ata an ogaim sin 7 ni heiccí'w co aisdi 3015 do is 'iexraidh do ind ogaim 7 do 'muitibh na Laitne. indiph 7 in deigenach do cur uad ar tus muiti conach muiti uile Ata bitheolus literda an 3005 •i.3010 Ni tha. co -i- mad a \xi\?>ech do airisiodh lais -i- go v(\ad 3000 in^ídi is tuisech guthaigi agin Laitneoir isna lethguthí?^.zx [tinscai^^t^r aiph forphaighter. in ben.^/^^ noairised lais 7 -i- nobeth fo deoig inwtip uile \ethguthzXg\ forp<2: -i- go mad isin guthaige nobeth na CcLntana. sis Ni a nguth<7^.

saorda aigenta. a 3060 do raidh coi in« fin«i sin ^'^ Vulgate.a haon a oile dec.YBL. et 23 [na Eg. om. tarrustar. uair airiszV/coir 'na coitibh. INdlius a tapairt for innsgi tsaorda. neich a a A 7 3030 airpert no rad ciallaide Coitcend thapazrt for cech innsge no neamciallaide. cuin. a se a leth. a [It e cetus It -i- na tri tri : a n-ilar. [saei in Eg.thad. Ant aon ierum tri. a tri n-i\ar. cid. he 16 ii. no -i^ (sin)? Ni ansa . do et na a se sin •i^ a haon fo se. 195 -i- a índi sgieitsia a inde fesa -i- : no indi sin ier conair: -i- no inniscai erlapra 'Víer cai innis/i /rl. no disgnaigter. 3040 áeme. /3) a dó dec. cidne. -i- Tra bí7«. 67ib9 ier cai in//e. Cia lion atat na hinnsge lasin saidh indsin : : handsa n-airem. dorae uain dorae innsge cuccaind -i- aisneis iar n-indisin aipcitr^ : no tra : -i- tri -i- na a tri -i- hinnsge se — fer. iter Dilius a tapairt for gach [n-insce Eg?\ n-aiccenta 7 haninnsgi.22Sa3o •i- AURAICEPT -i- Eg. no -i- ni anond said ag doiligh. a cethair a trien.] ^°^^ a se sin. lasin nGaidí'/. 7 airemh 3055 sé déc foirpti sin. 7 ri^ tri a trien. ar fer toisech do rad innsge 3035 Adani dixit Ecce otis de osibus ineis et cara de carne •imea -i.] son -i- no ni handsa son tri ni A -Í^ tri ier Atat dano hernaile for 3050 nuimir i[n] nuimir anfoirphti amal ata a tri no a cuig a ar ni fasand o quoitibh. cesc. caidiet Eg. Docuisin douisim in//sge sin : no docuisin : -i- do coi sin -i- 3045 don conair coi 'mnisin no d'fis cuinngid fair. NuimzV foirpti •i- immorro amal ata do tri. Cis filet lir -i- cia ler no cia lin himcomaira tri snig airme n-ua. Nuimir oullforpthi is immorro amal ata (col. ar tairisigh co cóir a gcoitzM tri aon a tseissed.] e dono a no don ni a n-uathad. he i seissed. a tri a amal rogaph a tri do dec a haon ierum '^'^ 7 na do Gen. •^''' tri imcomairsnigh T ^^*' is fasait ^"^ fasaid dip . a do a CQthrainie. a a leth. a se. a do fo a fo do. oir íasait estiph •i. cislir.adcimsus [-i^ adcimsi Eg^ cnaimh dom cnamhaibh 7 feoil -i- dom feoil. ferinnsgi Euidlius a tapairt for gach is ferinsge aiccenta : nama .

] onni -i- is masgolinus^ mascaldo. 225. \x\ds^Q Panindsge in^sge [i- bo7ia in^sge fir -i- maith : no bo 3070 : fo indsce Eg?^ in -i- bios iní/sge na in<^sin : mna no -i- bannda firin^sge ínífsge i- inífsge bannda no baniní'/sge banfir iuí/sin.: 196 YBL.] intan fognaigther die est uirgo Latina. 3085 sliasait and hen [siEg. uair ''"'i nach se (no) nach ^''^ =»85 si : no neut///- YBL. is cach coitz'ti is rannoigi gach rannaighe -i- coitige dano. dewa ondi =0^- masculdota YBL. s"»-» no do eimh -'o™ s»»» YBL. ogh mgen: no onní is fem/«///us feimenda no feimder dono no flesgda no maothcnesach dicitur onní is femen feme//ina -i. a scol fir (la ' vi\ú\ punct. : digbaim. ar as foimin is -i- fo fir : no femin onni feviur. no feme G/rcio. i- Deiminí/sge o neoch oile is : deimz'w in^/sge : no doeim innsge -i- fuirrz' no do : ou//^a iní/sge in iní/sge is do duine. 671^40 cethair iar [sin Bg. 309G no banecusgda. -i- filia Der Gr^co.] conií/ [a E^^. id Feimder dono : i- : : : •i- ni fid//.cía cinel. no bangnimach.8 2 AURAICEPT a se Eg. no bangneithech. del. id est.] deich samlaidh eí ina se iarsin conid dec samlaidh conid nuimir andtria sin is uille ara bunad i na coitidhecht n-airme Is -i- trie taithmech a lethae eí ni coitidhe. Deiminí^sge dano 3080 'mdsgQ neotur. Masg/^/ [mascul -i-i- mo a sgel no a sgoul quavi in feim^// : : no 7 a uias fer 7 cul coimet no mascol mo a fis col quaui an femen no ^^. •i- deime laisin h^Md -i- No deiminc/sge in^sg[e] dembeoaigh///i ni hi hindsge sloinnius do phiu. ata ar rodigbait fuirre in lasin Laitneoir -i- dedha remain// is no demhoe cech neotar r\GdiO\áelac/i. is ar 3075 duine raidius . Neut///Latine. is Y€\vcien sliasat. /emair .bannda. 3065 -i- F'erin^sgi ferrda : a n-in^sge fireninfafsge : : ferr ina in^sge na mna no : firin</sge no no foirindsge iarsinni est foirius im dula do luga no uir innsge íd fir a uiro : no iir innsge na mna pios indsge ind -i- dano. no deime fil and on brethir deino.

in st' Urland inand fil da urlaind nach ni inanda inanc/ : in fri gach se -i- focul. 187 Gr. sí. sedh. Is Cuin he urlaní/. Cesc. Mac rergoccííí'w. is aigenta. is -i- 3120 sloinnti rempa riasna urlunci'ír. nos-dedualoigther. Tri herlonda inafege tri is remsloiní/ se. -i- aiccenta 7 ealadha. ^^^^ i- Cesc. inaní/a. is i. : A tri tri heúo'md etargairi ? -i- a tri firloin^: is no a indsci tri erWmd no a cuin remhsloin^. viii. Urland re séudh.225/325 AURAICEPT -i- Hg. : feirinc/sge tsaorda. is ed in 3100 neum. caiti deochair etorra ití7' cia hait ^Xa etourra -i- -i- da aoi : no cia hait ita degcorug?^í/ etorra -i- Wcr da ai nos-deih'ghther in<:/sge: is e. 3115 quidcui. nec [/i]oc nec illat: no neuwtor ni masgal ni onni is neiitnun feimi/í.} ant^r. he i. 7. Etargaire dono 'xUr feimr/^ dechrí?4''i et masgul nech : 7 neutur no is etargaire dono intan fria aile co n-anm<^?/w a athar sainrud. se. A Urlaní/ ria Pid gach maith ara cionwccocca?. A i tri herlanr/a is ed i- is he in fer. -i- cia haisg. araill imaille is fris. : he •'"" nemh is : '«' Oiiííg. fer X. ut dixit mac állU Lonain Uin«si cugut in giUc^can. onni i[s] sciscor { is comarcim. it hin</sgibh -i- si. n-urlan(r/ 7 urlani'/ iar it n-urlanc/ 7 urlanc/ rie n-urlanc/ inand it^r da urland nach rie se. no -i- in sedh. it etargaire inc/sge it remtsloinnti 7 dona foclaip ina ndegc^/c/ 7 feim/// masgc?/ 7 neuot/cr tig ina ndeoigh eitirdeiligt/!Í treotha.67 2a28 197 nemnechtarda. n-urlanrf' 'xtcr iní -i- no no it rie no Erlan<^ ier in in si.. Ata dono Feirinc/sge 3125 i[n] dedha in gach is inc/sge in 28 . ncc masgulionum ncc feminionmn. Xjúond eim dobeire 3105 ut est he : in feur.YBL. Lat. : cuin in^^sge. chendgoccaz^. is [isi. 25 VBL. is edh achd at inc/sgi. cis^ur . is in ben.^ nama gan fria araill. issedh emh intan itberor Eg. fri herlond is achd reimtsuidugud -i- no is no tri .*82.

neich : conair se gan fher no gan cen araill Insge tra intan ismberar 3140 ut Priscianus dixit : nama imalle fris. -i- Imaric imaric -i- eim •i- airecht/zz>/ : a -i- n-ai iter in : indsge 7 in duil. 28 '^^^ •'^'' arochtazw Elbo. no banin<r/sge for feriní/sge. Deimindsgi 7 aigenta. conair ar. ar ni fil h\nd aní/. . is la nech is ni nach ita.- •i- aisn^ter indsge coir. is 3145 he sin an red fomamoighti coxx\aij-c\m. -i- an foghar et in duil dia n-in//isin -i- an diail.ir etourra intan fedhair in</sge for araile for -i- feriní/sge for baniní/sge. Insge tra sgieinsia a bunud Laitne.!i:!8 scunsia •'i'''* coi conair conaiia indesti neich rét •'^" "''•' conana "''-'1 Gr. Deimin^sgi tsaorda. Is fris tsamhlaz>« a caomhcucht. '^^^ attaircidhter aisneidtí. SamazVa dealpha. 6721. in ben : bainin^/sgi tsaorda. Oracio est ordinacio cojtgruani dixiojiijji pj'ofectaj-ujji scentejiciaj-ujji dejjionstrans -i- ata ind in</sge ina hordugud comimairccide Cesc. amal atat na íocuil perla nat-aithgeunam.' in indsge agus in duil dia n-iuís'isi ? Ni ansa. Fri gour grene glaine ar gurt. Aiccned n-eitigh is e (no is i) fiacail no bel na gotha fodera sin et ni ni achd nemhgnathugud. ni h'md lind et cail mna uair nis-gnathoigim . •i- Duil diail fedair athtairgith^?. Cuin eimh irrochtain suad it^.-. ut est — no fedhair fiadhair I cleith.17 is i ba[n]iní/sgi aigenta.: 198 YBL. ina'sge neut//.225^48 AURAICEPT is i Eg. Fiduigh T. 53.- . No in deime oni dejno ar 3135 rodiprt^ fuirre in lasin bfilid dedha remain^^: no deme cech Deimhin<^sge -i- neut?/. ed i[n] nemh. Aiccned caom cetumus : is i sron no suil 3130 na mna. is is ed in cend.- nGaid^/ach. gnathoigend. cuin imaricc iter -i- na n-epert ind iní/sge et is foillsigius in cheill foirpti. in cloch. Antan fedhair a hin<^sge coir fuirre ni himairi- cc/í/e •i- immorro \\. airprz-t. 3150 no deimindsge cechtar n-ae. Lat.aidh. In inniscoi a hin«e -i-i- Sgothecna a in<:/iste coi conair. Aigned caom and : aigned n-eitig (226). gan 3155 Elpa ingine Y\á. ii.

Fil go mbrath Deimindsge for banindsge. in he menntan gid banen. Deimhindsge Is e in for ferindsge quidem. for ferindsge Fedhair dano deimindsge indsge intan isberar ' no four banis \ss ed in cend. ut : dixit Colum Cille fri 3185 Aodha mic Gaphram Alain</damna marphai« bai« Doching \. Fedhair eim banindsge in gohur. 3165 Ni cechrain</ nach fealmaca. ut est — 3175 daigh di?rgdighe dath .' ut dixit: Is Is for ferindsge intan isberar ' is i — i in gopar tan is each.? Fer nat-íinntar go gcloinnter.ar airther in lair. ni deilm ndil Is ed cend rveoch is grainí/e in</sin Do Ferindsge \{\nzzin fil for mui« fo nim. Fris nach ga. domfarruidh don T. reill nus-reill '""^ com mbruth forsmbruinne mbith T. mairg recfus dia "'' chorr. 68ia5 -i- 199 it^rin Ni himaircide indsge 7 in duil -i- ni heim aireachta achd iter i n-ai indisi oile fair indisi coir. Don-farraz*</ duin. he i in gabar cid meglech. Fedhair 3160 is eim ferindsge for banindsge banmac-sa. 3190 •"" cith ^i*i "•i'*" 31«« 31'™ 31*- ceiUi no cein T. ut dixit — .: — : : : YBL. damno . aire. a imanUr. for banindsge. "*' hing/« Aodhí7/« romanmhuir eacoime ar T. 3180 Cend mna romaní/air mo modh. Slawceill cei« dib.par cath no cioth Iss ed cend is caoime cruth for braoine in bith. he in Die mad meisi in banmacam. uí dicitur — antan adberar. T. Mac marph Is et ua aroile. 226a25 AURAICEPT -i- Eg. 3170 Is Is in corr cid reil nus-reill.' sech cend fir no mna.

Rotuill an fik Gaoid^/ach b ar rob aille leo gobrtrr qua^n 3220 goour unndi dicitur gobar noniinatur. 68ia26 Fedair eimh ferindsge intan isberar.3195 an cloch Ait a n-abar deinie don«. Cidh nach dath oile bes fair. ut est Flanw no Cellach no Buodach. Ni cheil in f^r a n-aigníi'íj^ n-oll. cach solus. noniinatnr. solus : isin mBr^/'nus. ed oun« i iar n-aiccn^í/ail. Deichfer rain^/e cetumus amal rogaph. ' banindsge for demindsge is i an cloch. lith rolas. Atat dano ceithri fodla for tsaordat^/í^ deichfer raindi. . 22 : MSS.] in ingn<r an</. For foun« feim/« fichtibh clanúf. ar atae da modh laprt. sech liaiti a n-irlapra Cuimri raid amal ata. /3) aign^:^ et saordat?/ in gach fil mdsge. Atad dono indsge and ata coitcend iter ferin</sce ~ ban- indsge. 3200 Ata tra amlaid sin (col. 7 cuimre raid. J Gabar intan is trie ailm quaisi caper is ed rotruailkc/ and tria onn -i. gial (or) giul airaghamh •-i» b and ar rob aille . gobar is airechdam bes fair ^nd no anc/. lar srethazí suadh in sí«chas Is Is . sax) •'-'' Phidh dono ^Maj-ííraí/ (?) YBL. rusg ime 7 criathcír arba 7 leastar uisgie. a suidhe nnde dicitur gohar donn 3215 eoch giuol. iss ed 3210 in cend.rda and -i- mod aigenta et -i- modh saorda.: 200 YBL. in gobar et d'eoch ban ainm fris -i- goour.don eoch is nonien son 7 is Combrec. iar saordataid. Iolug//<^ laparda : amal ata.226a42 AURAICEPT eí is Eg. 7 iolugwc/ lap<2rda. is in ech die mbe bec do giul aní/ is gobar a nomen. Iss ^íf [inond £^. ar xohad eimilt rusg im imb 7 criathar im arp«r 7 lestur im uisgi do rada. indonrt' ^aoo ^-^is jabortha "-^•' Cor. he an lia. . go dtug an b ar tucait mbiní/iusa \s. 7 tugait mbin<^iusa. ar is asan dath . RotruailWgoor.' ?// est liicc: — Is e in lia. so -i- is he an 3205 banmac is don roin^ oighi is i fil isinn ingin is ainm file Tuccait mbindiusa amal ata.

ut cst Povipeus 3235 espa in talman muna tuism^'íT' dixit : Oniniuin rerum uocabalouju aut corparailium \aut iticorporalium Eg^^ sexu naturaliter carencium per arteim nec inasgo- Graciam e^s^se asgribimus. calar in ingne. Cid inní is aiccenta suond? Ni ansa.^ a deime deiph/afe a ndetbir áxplinaib. Quiquit per naturam sexsus nofi assingnat 3240 neutrum habere raiter oportet set ars qui Jioluit gignere seu liquenda i- seu dicenda asgribsit iar saordatíz/í/. Doeipenar dono ferindsge 7 banindsge a deimindsge amal 3250 ata isnahaib reimendouiph 7 it iat sin na deime teibidi 7 na lanomna deime 7 a ngeine-sidhe. ••-'" =«« coiisaii/ toismer sinit sed :. linum nec feimininum.ut est{?) Consinsius dicit : /i[a\ec iusticia. Atat dano da ernail tuismiud toalmrtzV? for tuismzV/í/ -í- saorda -i- 7 aigenta. Doepenar dano deimindsge a ferindsge no a banindsge. 68 2aii 20I qumusda amal bis eí an cenel cumassu 7 in coirr. est in menntan an truid firend. h{a]ec ueritas.] Laitin. tit est clanda 7 P^ deime chena -ipa sloin*^ neMt?/r int uile 'dXcQ.. cid Eg?\^ Mad iar n-aigned coir [immorro na ndula ni hainm ferindsge na banindsge achd -i- 7 o dtuismer uili beun 7 do neoch dofuisim -i. ar is ni don talam -•'^ \\aec íerra hic />aries »^^^ 325i.t5 cumuscda -^^ truit •'^> "^ Basloindeiis dixit Gr. 7 luibi ar Tuismiud saorda cetomus is fer o ní don talmain fein an fer. Foillsiugisgtair go n-apair Natura quae motatur uidetur et per tempera extrinsccus nec uairitatur nec separabitur et natura non est quiquid motatur et non sdaire 3245 quaecunique se\ accidundur sed quac constant in ud sdabilitas in terra.g. •«'••' thalam.)2.: : YBL. in aere. 32 H. jgnaib T. Lat. ba deime chena ^\zcx\ed na ndul 3230 tuism///<a^ archena. claritas umeditas in aqua. o's^h Eg. iní/sgi isin 226/3 17 AURAICEPT isin [Gaidilc . V 343.e. desmbeirechto fulach . Jioc est ne utruni i. gurbitas in /apedebus. It e an//so deismerachta in deime teiphighe isnahaibh re'imendaibh { cend 7 cride fuk/.// F. ^^^^ . uí dicitu7- — Is he in minntan cid boinend.enta ar chena.fer.

Etargaire derrsgaigti a nderrsgugud poisit. Etargaire •{ eitercoraigti eiterdeiffrigti eiterdeiligti a treidiph : no etargaire : {• no etargaire 3280 gair guth i- etergnougt/d in etarro etorra : gotha andsin •i^ no etergleithi iar •i^ gleas no etargaire in ed^rgleodh is ngleodh a fesa Qo\nde\g uile. •i- : gradh onni : gradus -i- ceim. Maith et ferr et ferrsoun. etargaire a ainm lasin pfilid. et Etargoire lugaidhe a lugugud [Etargoire incoisg persain^/e pec luga 3270 lugasoun.caisaí-/^/ antan maith. i[s] soigti mbe a -i- n-eolus. sib budein. persainí/e is i Etargairi persainí/e a ngnimh. Etargairi meiti a meudugud mor -i-i- et moo et et moosoun. 226^43 AURAICEPT : Eg.abrachtur 7 malo gene na fiecrt/ bun 7 leithe gei'ne int [s]rephain(3^ tanoigecht 7 dath 7 cru : : : Lanamna .' no comdheiligte ar toto et in gcoin(afeilg iit 3285 Pars pro totum pro parte.] grad conne[i]]g lasin Laitneoir. Secht n-etargairi tra docuisnet -i- disgnaigter -i- [in ££'. dia Secht n-ai a i[s] no sech/'ai. 3275 ernail -i- Rtargaire etechtu ita isin sechtmad totoni in Uraicioptou no t/t sechta conn^felc in caindeiliugud. ruaighie tote . comparait. : •i- baine eí glaisi : geine in cride tigi 7 dath beos -i- rimde 3260 7 deirge (227). Cid ar nach treide tred'x lasin Laitneoir in coindeilg ^^'^ amal is •'-"" lasin phfilid in "-** eiterdeiffriti maolo ^^ craidi. cxacht intan 3265 -i- oulc. 682^41 in cínd suil 7 fiecail lanamna an cride srebanrf 3255 lanamna in fulamg lurcca 7 troig geine dono ina lanamna deime gene na sul -i. et Fothugud et fourran fourmoulad lasin bfilid. tu budein Eg. lasin -i- nGaidel. isin : saigti -i- dia isin ita toto mbe in et a n-aineolus. om. is Etargaire gceussí?^-i. caindeiligti est . siadsum padeisin. me -i- budein. in^/e Sechta seiptivi a bunad Laitne. •i- est : Pars toiti -i- pi-o pro pairte in x2Sid tar •i^ eis na et in toit tar eis : na rainde. s'inde budeisin. Etargaire incuisg persain^e.202 YBL.'] se budein. siphsi badeisin. 7 superlait laisin Laitneoir. Etargairi incuisg i persoiní/.

7 h anni molus dlt'^'-ar de ar is ed nodus-saora. fe. feile dano iní/racus nos-ditne feallsoum. 24 •*'-'"'' da cudruwa. ar •i.// 3295 is prononien J dopriathar. a flechtendi cirmenibus filed conid airme . YBL. a radh a ngrad conndeilge lasin Laitneoir.[it Eg?\ fele ai. amal ata felmac no file -i. et mor lais-jium in bec gcon^eilg neich ni is Incousg immorro icon Laitneoir z.'\ is Magnus parims. i is i an mét mour lugha. bfil incosg . ^) ut 'x- JJnus non est numerus set nfuil int n-iipn fundamentum numeri viii. '"'' fellsom om. Ar o is foutha dhi. *"^ /.fi a oumna 7 li a fial do aei dawu fair no file no file •i. agin Laitneoir.c\\\. iiialas : 7 YBL. Is ed [s'm Eg. nuiiuerus *"" YBL. edh a inde immorro et lasin nGaidel -i- maith bec -i- 7 olc Eg. ut dicitur airim frie hunair. pfilid conn^elg side lasin Cid fodera dossw. no ar conndelg oldas 3305 eutargaire. File fc -i- fel sai no fial sai : no fik onni is filososubus : i- don filid feallsamhníj'ír/í^ aigi no file no file •i.'\ acht a mbeith amlaidh. Cid ar mad conelcc \zs-s'\um in poisit. ""^'^ Gr. Lat. 7 atat secht n-etargaire icon Ní is da cwáxviomugud eim dosum ani adbersiom fior [sin Eg.] ata etargoire lasin 3300 -i- fih'd is conndelg lasin Laitneoir ni etargaz're derrsgaighti a is nderrsgugud. 3310 fhoglama. nocha . •""" YBL.: YBL. 72. aonni conid airim acht ata conid fotha airme hounus. 68ib27 203 7 etargoire? Is eim lasin bfilid -i- mét et 'mdo. ni leithe cack grad eutargaire. cf. is i uair nocha 3315 7 ata est derrsgugud do ní? derrsgugud Ni ansa. ar etargaire connflfeilge gach etargaire a grad conn^eilgi acht Is derrsgoigti is nderrsgugud. ani om. is •i- in inde. 227a2| AURAICEPT treidi Eg.fi ani aorus. etargaire a ainm lasin bfilid ? Ar ni filit acht tri graid connfafeilge pfilid. Cubhaidh cia fhasus deisidhe ainm : i- : in fhilid dia fhognat.fi oulc 7 H maith •i^ moulad 7 aorad. et adbeurait aroile fouirend -i- and nach et acht et deidhe nama agan i Laitneoir [Is in^/e met et bonus 3290 inalus. ar dlegar : an sai file 7rla : no file a flectendis carmhiibus : no : file \- fel sai. (col.

fortior. niagior. ni deach side(n) fodhei. positius YBL. Uij-glior. Coiuí/elg souin 3335 iar gan cheill bonus. cotiirsna indsi. ^^ •''^ :i:i4:! YV>\. optinius. Comparit immorro seoch derrsgaig/<^ do neoch di. boniinus nobiad sin ceilli sowi et ni bfuil iar gceill. meliour ceiera •"''^•' mor •'"* foirend YBL.3320 posit a positits deachaiph atrimther.'] : do. rofetfaigh sin arai T. •''•'^' serbe. hounus. Uirgi/ns. immorro ni derrsgaigt//^r di conid airisin araile foirend ainm foriata in connr/elg uile. vielior. repeats compraiti brab-beres superlait T. cruthugud frie fousgadh anc/sin. tsaordatír/V in^sin : int alt aigenta immorro do posit -i- suidhiugte. ut boujius 3340 Deus. ar ni connr/elgter anma//í/a dilsi do gres.? indsi áono./ dono . fó Die [maith Dia Eg\ Bid dano conealg an</ et ni dia hinwe fein dersgaigius. Atberat connach dersgaight/zé'r do comparit acht do -i- posit derrsgaigit araon beirius comparit. nt setera est : -i- Mairie Pounticuni somillsi duilsius est quani mairia is . id ounrt^aur •'•'•^' Deus.3330 mor cen brab-beirius superlait. an muir auí/sin 3345 Ponteca oldat na maire somillsi acht is oile olchena 7 ni hiarsani badis luga a serbiu. hi sin in connelg techta. Uiní/sie -i- an fer: 3350 an ben i- in dem. niaxinius Pid dawí» maith J ni bi derrsgugud di. Posit cetuiuus ni dersgaig 7 3325 do ni. 7 ceille imalle niagnus. Coiní/elg suoin cheill. Bec brab. amal ata fortis. fortissinius. Conndelg cotursna cetnnius Eg.. Cid ar uile ? Ettrla.204 YBL. 68 2 b 15 amal ata deach icon sin cid la •i- dialt. bonior. ? Caiti conní/elg cheille cen soun bonns. Coiní/elg suin 7 J is -i- imalle. bec prabh-bíres comprait 7 •m\ YBL. gcoin^/eilcc mad ainm compariti doberitsim arin : Ni ansa. comparit ct superlait. Coindealg tsoin 7rIo. Etargaire uin</sie inchouisg : i persainf'/e •[ uinr/si ouní/ar uinía?se -i- [no sonnse { uainse -i- no -i- sonwse: uinwsi uainsi no est suin^zsi on^/ar ander aun^ uin^/si a fir isin : nem. is derrsgaigt/í^r SnpexXdJiX. 227 ^ 3 AURAICEPT bfilidh -i- Eg. ut est : Uirglisiunms acht is no-rad fr/e sin arai tsouin / ni bfuil connelg arai cheille and.

ar roghaphar foirind ce^chtar sic.YBL.3380 Uraicipt Is iat adber sin an lucht-sa anuas dono -i^ ua is Bruic cona tseitchib. -i- Etargoire deurrsgaighti a ndersgugud cetna graidh •i-i- fouthugud in poisit : íorrau -i- i- forrain fair in gradh tanaisi brabh comparit : fourmoulad i- formfuilled fair in treas gradh 3360 •i- formoulad molad for i- molad reimhtechtíTr// [i- •i^ for in mbrabh toisiuch superlait B/^. Etargaire per. EIcc Bruich F. nom-cartar-sa. dorigheunsait. dorigne dorigensum i dorighensat. dorignis. J híecma/s in filfc/.M. J Etar: meudugud ni bfuiht tri { mour •i^ mouo J J moosoun J is J 3365 etargaire lugaiti a lugugadh bec lugha lughasoun. feda oireghro •'^'"'' '^'^ cona seitib. amal adubramar : romhain<:/. carthar-sim non-cartar-ne. nobar-carthar-si.] i maith eí ferr et feurrsoun laisin nGaoidí'/ coithcend 7 {orrau. na da perla Ixx. Grí'gaid leapí?/' int i^ and an ebo et oir uile. eutargaire mete is adberadsim a a metugud J eutargaire 3370 lugaite a lugugad ionaní/ (228) et etargaire dersgaigti is ndersgugud E^. not-carthar-si. 227/3 31 AURAICEPT persaiiiiafe i- Eg. carthar-sim. 69135 205 Etargaire incouisg se me budein. *'** filet. Atberait araile acht cuig etargoire and. ind ughdarais T. i^ Atbeurat dano Coirill J in lucht-sa sis liophair ^'"^^ imda fogabar hua ua Coindi 3*'3 i fecmais **" cuicc 3"^ ugí/ai8.\renímch an^/sin berla is gnath nEirinn reir inn aisti dano. Elg i •i^ Eire guth Y. gaire meide a fourmolad lasidhe. •i- Etargaire persainrtfe -i- ceussad 3355 a foditen dia n-echtair . Ní certtuirem na gcinedh ar Secht bfeudhu oiredha ni phfilet filet do fo wgdará^Ás. tu budein. ct Etargnoug^c/ beurla Gaidr/cc •i- ni fir ar cheana. Itberat araile co mad aon. om. immorro.\ ar fil derrsgugud in meud et in laighet inntip beuos. Fouthugud. sain^e angnimh dorignes. suas. budein /rlo. ar •i- aon- etargaire leo na 7 hernaile deighenc/ia edargoire mí'Ve [Cie ]uga/de occus eutargaire dersgaigti a nderrsgugud. ina fecmais •i^ don 3375 guth ealg -i- guth •!• irdercaigti. Iiio: O'Coinne 1126 .

iss ed bid foullus as sin go mbetis and j^ 7 guthaige na turgbadis/í'r na tagendais úWaib per -i- sc. ''^ feabus a treorach ="i° :moo.a icon Eg. turbadis 146. 3. boiinaiatis •'^'^^ treoru T. sic est na feudha ar in bfath foucail et a beithi-Iuis. is Bonus comforlethan a fuirmed cail et a inde. xvi. ar ni habar 3400 bonus acht bail a mbi foiré'i' • bonitatis. 07n.] nocales et consanantes. bounus. -i- fairre uile Hess -i- da 3385 eurndail do beith Da erndail da fir n-aile. Madh fo athargí?^ beus ni [ni Eg. 7 aderar riu uile cid a patribus a matribus a Lapis dicitur eo quod leidit peidim is cumga í\x\xvc\ed quidim fri deiside qiiam a inde. '^^'^ q — . 1 derna T. na is h-aipgitr^í-/^ fr^í-ra souní/ et ni da hurbernadh fuoirre. : '•^'" Gr. Ar is ed fil side tosach a n-anmaní/o do airisiw ag nech do deunam -i- nderedh do chur uadha. Adber ou o fil immorro com- ag ívecrn o ádi-n-imorr ag clusail na nuimre primo frecrus. isin Laitin T.206 et YBL. is Atat leithe a tri heurnaile for fuirmí-^ foucrt/. Ni lanceurt dochoidh an dered 3405 doip- in Gaoid^/ i ssund ac deunam muiti dona taophomnaibh -i- ar in fath sin ar a tosach in do airisiw occa 7 do chur uada. Robtis muiti uile Mtri na haipgitre Ephraide 7 Gregda.x. Gaidiol deired foco/ . ^^ »»<*« Origg.] agconn Ephraide. •'^^•' YBL.a Eg. chora '^^ tartaidther T. alpa [-i. 69ia36 dobeir na maithi ar cheana. Robad dir deiside lapis do rada gach ni [fris tairtaigt//^r Eg?\ taxxaigt/ier cois. Laitneoir : -i- lethan -i- ara leithe fouirius cech ni a nLaitin no Laitneoir i- ar feuphus a treor«<:// isin Laitin. amal ata ailm a 7 on« o 7 araill and dano die ndenait muiti dona taoboumnaiph 3410 agon Gaid^/ dtossach do airisim aicce. Y\\-\d Atber 3390 is ua Bruic dicoinal J áohriath2. Patronoimic ímrmed quam tiel a in«de ar ni hebertai do reir a inde acht risin patronomic dogentai a patre 3395 beit. an dclifn \ T. Lat.l i ^^ ^^ 3396 ni d' airbernad T. coibdi '^ v. ar robdis muiti uile sin no ceudna.228aii AURAICEPT Do thoit Eg. ar is toiseach a n-anman^-side do airis[im] ag nech et an deired do chur uad. ut est alebh [-i. con fil isin coipdi. I '^^ atharcadh. Go heiccintech is is coir a beith connahi quidiin. 19 freccra dó : ag fregrad T.

YBL. quando dixit 7 tuismiud saorda aigenta ar 3445 tiusmiudh /lic.\\{cgad Mion foir deisidhe an ben. an ecna.]. Inscie tra a2. amlaidh Gré'gda sin atat 3415 7 na tri haipgitri i dtusach do airisim ag Is nech an deredh do cur uad. 302. aigenta ideo dorad ercoiliud aird Incusg """ dirinne T. natura T. Ma do reir [immorro i E^. om.] tucc erc/io'úiud aiccenta -i- /lic. side isin ogaini.-^ is treidhe in Gr. (-i- mion an ben n-?i\. ailm is Gaoidilc (col. »*« taithmit T. 3 3^« tuisme T. alpa uadha. [si iarmo Eg. viii. /3).áair in leighiní/ is [i aipgitir 7 7 Laitianda bunad don aipgitir Gregda don bethe-luis-nion a n-ogaim cen co n-in<a^isit Ephraide zít ugdair in leighind.. idio »^« aicne hic T. Ar ta.n0 inde in iocail sgie fil indsge ar i is iuí^ gcomtach isinni is a sciensia. 3435 . 7 ar seichim immorro et ni uile. et inwde et méud is amlaidh so »«27 ^/. dernadh T. in Femm fir : foimin -i- an bfer bis an ben. est aleb isinn Eabhra. ar 7 reliqua fo -i- quavi in«sge.nic taithmech aigenta reime. \ngen 7 mac) is no Deithpir raindi idir da rain<3^-i- he in banmacrannda 3435 Is he -i- sa [d'airighti go \X\xgad as sin co nderna fermac co de a ndeip/r iter in mbanmac i 7 in fermac E. ailm agcon Gaoidel. sic Ebraide bud couir don Gaoid^/ int ord dorinne arai comdis muiti iar mbrigh na dtaobomna nach dat muiti ag Ephr<2:í/aiph 7 ag Gr^gaip na cow'iainx 3420 uile cid dtousach do a'insÍ7U leo. deismeracht na hetargaire irlaní/ ssun^/a iarsin deuda remainí/ for 7 indsge -i- taithmech deidhe and 7 aird et -i- taithmeth ttuism/t//£r •i- masgail -i- feim/« do neoch et dofuisi. '^-' ^ tucca. 69 i b 27 207 agcon Gr^gda. n-aendefoghair. 228a39 AURAICEPT Is -i- Eg. Lat.] na sgrephtra naibe in 7 is \igh.] E£'.g. '^^ YBL. Ni ceart dochuaid tousacha iat i in Gaid^/ i sund -i- tiachtain dó o aipgitir co hiní/sge cen is taithmech sillaibi 3430 no-eperta rempe./ o a tuismiud and o si mnai ata tuismiud di 3440 oile 7 in modh ar a tuism^í/ budein o neuch dano an modh Iss o dtuismen^-si cloin^ uaithi pudein na tr/au /rlo.3425 isin [Greic Eg\ iar a isin Laitm.

20S

YBL.

228/3 15

AURAICEPT
is

Eg. 69

2 a 17

sechta remaind.

Ina hetargaire incoisg persain^e uile
incosg
fil

ig gabail fo incousg, oir

inntib

uile.

'Eiargaire

derrsgaighti

i

nderrsgugud ag gapail
Etargaire

fo 'mdQ 'úer poisit 7

3450

comparit

7

superlait.
i

meidi a

meudugud

7

etargaire lugaite

lughugud

ig gap//rt//fo

mét dip

lionaibh.

Conid hamlaid
aroile '\minorro

sin is treidhe in sechta remhainí/.
is

Adberat
gaphail [o 3455
7
is

deda

dip lionaibh.

Is

amhlaid so beus
ic

oun

-i-

eutarom're dersgaighti a nderrsguccud

indi, sícuí dixit prius.

Etargoire meidi a
ic

mheudugud
fo

etargaire

lugaite a Uigugud
feught/^rt:r

gapail beos

meud,

amlaid sin
Caiti

so conid deudo.
is

deochur ider
sloiníafedh

e 7 uin^si

?

Ni ansa.

Uindsie
-i-

cetomus:

persain<^e s'aXnáxedaige indsin

ua- 3460

tuaslaictech,?^/í/z!.i7V."

DiciturvXndsQ uait in
:

{qx S2\r\dxedach

cona anmaim, ut dixit poeata

Uin«si cwgat in gillccuccaw Mac rerccucca/« (-i- Lonain) Bith gach maith agat ar a ciní/gucca« A ceundgaga/w (-i- a Chiní/ Geucca/»).

(-i-

long brab

iffin)

3465

Sloiní/ed zo'\\.chend

immorro amal ata
in
irlaniaf
is is

se in fer et ni feus cia
7 ouxidar 7

saindredach acht
7
sed.

is

fer tantuin, sic uin</sie 7 si

Cidh
-i-

íodera
intan
is

conid

iuír/sge

conid

edargaire

in<^sge

ag sloini^edh indsge a 3470
e in
fer,

haonur

bioss, et
i

itberat
Is

araile

uair

is

rem-

tsloinrffedh
uinc/se.

ssuidiu.

and

is

etargaire 'witan isbeurar

Sloin^ed cenil amal ata etargaire ioncoisg
•i-

i

persain<3^

issin persainíaf fein

ita a

hincousg co

n-aithnigt/íi^A' trit

3475

icc slouin</ed ceutpersain</e, et persaiuíaí'e

tanuise

-i-

triena

n-ioncosg doip budeine
hetargaire
aile.

7

tre

persain^/e

amal atat na

Cidh ar narbo
deimnigte
^*^"
'^'^

lor \a.\5-s'\u7n a n-etargaire

incoisg persainíí'e a rad

me nama

con n-abair

me budein ?
rie

Ni

lor eim, uair is
''^^*

et is deiligte

eimh

cach 348O

is d.

1.,

bes son T.

sluinde, sundruidhe T., uatuasloigtech
bis, atberar, araile

34«;

gecain

om.

YBL.228/34i
persainí/ a rad
ipsi.

AURAICEPT
me
cum

Eg. 69

2bii

209

budein, ut diciíur an protioinine egoniet
dicitur egomet
-i-

Nam

ego feci et non alius
rii

is

me

budein 7

nech

aile intan isberar egomit.
•i-

Q^iiqjiid

iterator

infirmas fiat

biaid

gurab

deimnigthi

cach
3485

ni athraigther.

Fogaphar dano comparit cen
mare Ponticum quam
batis somillsi acht
son.

posit
•{•

amal ata
is

:

Dnlcis est

setera mairia

somillsi
7
i^i

an muir
hiarsiní

Pountiogda oldtait na muire
is

oile ar

cheuna

lugam a

serbi.
in

Coindealg Ín edtachtau

Coiuí/ealg

n-edteuchta
-i-

ceudna
:

hernail

(229) 3490

hid Airraiceptau

fors ferr anfios

etoechta sin ar ni

maith ind anbfios.

Finis don ceudliophar.

hicipit leaphar Feircheirtne sunc/o.

Log do Emhain
dono do breith 3495

Machuo

:

7

aimser do aimser
file.

Concaprt/r meic Neusa.
tuccait

Persa do Ferchertne
aossa faind for
seis.

[A Eg?^

Duiphithir daol dath a berrda

Ge raga

co ngeog na craunn,

Caisithir casnaide a chul,
Glaisithir sul frie

bugha mor.
sc
:

3500
tt
:

D
t.

:

:

b
c
:

:

r.

d.
c.

t.

h
:

:

br,
:

t.

th
r.

:

br u
;

:

:

n
:

:

:

rbr
:

n.
:

f.

:

b.
:
:

n
:

:

cusnt
rt.

:

rb

:

t.

s

:

:

ds

:

n.

gl

cc. c. r

ch

:

mu.

Sechtau
€t

frise

toimsighther Gaidelc
indsge
:

\-

fidh 7 deach,

reim

íorpaid, alt

7

et etargoire.
:

Seuctu

-i^

seiptim 3595
i

a bunad

Laitne

secht n-ai a inde
•i^

no sech/ui

n-ai,

Secht do aiph domiter and
*»«»
'•'^'^'

secht n-aisti na filidechta
'^*^

ol

chena

»492 31,^

ambfes

locc
cf.

:'**»

Nesa
(t seq.

*^''

daipither dael, berrta **^ geog, crann '^^ sechtai sechto

^soi-s
'^*''^

Virg. Gr, 77, 12 n-aisti ina

O

210
7 vii

YBL.229ai5

AURAICEPT
:

Eg. 69

2 b

40

mhrousnac/isi na bairdne
Jr\.
i-

no

ai[s]

soigti die

mbe
3510

a n-eolus

A

airb^rt

a

airiom

-i-

vii
:

primeillgi

na

filidí'^///a
fili-

i-

vii

mbrosnacha na bairdne
i

no secht ndeichit na
ni bfuil
in sechta

dechta
Ís

nd-ecrr\ais

dialta, ar

andsin

aire rofagprtr.

Coitcend
focul
i[s]
-

et

d'úius,

ruidliz^.?

7

indlius,
uile

connagar don
airem sechta 3515

sechta.

Coitcend do cach
Dilius

frisand euprííí/.

do

vii

ndiuitip
-i-

na
fri

fiHdechta.
vii laithib

Ruidlius don

ceísiirj/i vii

frisand-euphradh
for

na sechtmaine.
four a
vii.

IndHos a thapairt

airem

aile

acht

Tomus, t'd est mensura, a bunad Laitne -i- tomeus a 3520 to teunga a airbert 7 meus aire fein inde no tomess no cudrumad aairp^rt -i- meus dognither o Úx&nngaid. Is Cait Is ceinel eimh. fisid an gne no in cinel in tomus. Ni ansa. Tomus fiHdechta et toumus eat a ngnee ? bair^/«e 7 tomhus prosta -i- a breith frie seachda cach ae 3525 tomus ? diph. Caiti ruidhHus 7 diHus, co'iichend et in</Hus RuidUus do fiHdecht a preith re sechta. DiHus ansa. Ni
:

i-

:

i

do bair[d]ne a tomus re cluais et ceund indHus do prois -i- co'xUhend o

coir

n-anak.

Coit-

dialt imach.

IndHus
^^^^
laithibh

do

sidein, ar ni

fil

alt d.\xnd.

Cindus aithfeugthar

in

íomcuI

is

sechta

fri vii

na sechtmaine

?

Ni ansa.

Eusga mar Luan -iMeurcuir mar Ceudaoin -i- fourpaid. loib mar Dardaoin Uenir mar Aoine •!• in^sge. Satarn mar Satharn 3535 •i- alt.
deach.

Grian mar T^oumnach -i- fiodh. Mars mar Mairt -i- reim.

i^

eutargaire.

Conid
a
tri

amhlaidh
a ndialt,

sin

cuirter

na

vii

n-

airdrenda
fri

7 vii n-aiste

na fiHdechtu
's

7 vii la

na sechtmaine

comuaim n-uad,

a

tri

a reucomarc, 7 a

haon a n-iargcomarc. Gaidelc -i- guth Elg
3510 eiiigi
*^-^i

-i-

Ealg Eire

•i-

guth K\renn^ch
""^^

-'i-

3540

"'511
•'•''

ndeichith

re vii-a

Origg.

v. 30, 5, et seq.

:

cf.

ouccus diles Gr. Lat. viii. 240, 15

3-537

airdrennaigh

^^'

^

hErinn T.

YBL.229a40
berla

AURAICEPT
:

Eg.

70a29
i-

211

Eírenn

no Gaidelcc

-i-

ealg

oirderc

Gaaid^/

rus-oirrdercaich, ar ni dut[h]cha

do

xeir

an indaithmz^ sin
In gach Gaid//c

ina do cach ni dooirdhercaigh Gaidel.
tomustí?/' re sechta.

edh eím a secht dialt 7 cid edh oun touimsighter iar 3545 saordataid, uair adcodar a choní/ail amal ata fe-fn'-er, 7 ni
Is

gach sechta

domiter and, ar
a

is

aonseachta

fil
-i-

aund.

Connaghar áono
gach
foc//l

secht fo

tsechí.

A

sechta

punaí/

7 iní/e 7 airbert, coitchend J dilius 7 ruidhlius 7 indliuí in

don tsechta
-i-

(col. B).

3550

Fid ceutumus
Laitne.

fundamentuin : uel a funo a bunad
a inde isna
ioc\.aib.

Fo eadh
eipert aire
á\\\us,

A
:

airbert

-i-

a

thapaírt ior v ÍQá\\aib fichit inn

ogaim

no airbert

-i-

air
fair.

ep^Tt

-i-

-i-

lit/r

no guthaighi no consaine

Ruidlmj,
doip
uili

coitcend,

indlzV/j-,

do feudhaiph.

Coitcend 3555

fedha

do radh

riu.

'RxááMus do feudhaiph

airedhaiph.

Dilius do forfedhaiph.
uath.
it/r,

Coitchend immorro

dona

taobomnaib acht

Indlius

siden, ar ni

taophomhna
-i-

ut est :

immorro doiph non est litera sed
neimtniug-

nota aspiracionis

nochan

fuil

uath conid Htir acht ata 3560

conid not úniidh.

Tiniedh

-l tinug/^í/

feudha
is

-i-

ud

feda do radh riu sin uile acht

dilius J indlius 7
-i-

coitcend daip ouile,

Fid na filidechta

in

ceudna fiodh

airedha phis a bfocul an imfrecra, J an taophomna docuirither reisín bfiod sin do thapairt ar aird, J go rab inand 3565
fidh oiredha beas a

na dtarmartcend,
bis
•i-

Fid

dtaopcuibdiph an raind J a n-imfrecra in anma prosta. in cetna fidh airedha
docuirethé?r reisin
fid
-i-

and

J in
i

taobomna

sin J

deuoch
no 3570

traig
dialt
:

is is

frithindlidhí'í:// Laitne, Deach no daghfuach no defuach intan

di fuach intan

is

recomrac
ocht

:

de fuaigther

int

aircetal

-i-

coruige

sillaoba,

Connagar dono bu«adh
3542
•'«»

J inde J airbert, coitchend J dilius

7 ruidluis 7 indlius a ndeach.
rohorrd<frc acht ni duthchrt Gr. Lat. ii. 35, 24

Pu«ad
:

quidevi onni

is

tectum
cuidibh

do Gaidilc

^ YBL.

ar nimduthcuigh, in imtaithmigh T.

nochin

^'^^

212
•i-

YBL.229i32i
is

AURAICEPT
ditiu in

Eg.

70ibi5

didiu arinní

deach do [gach

Eg.'\

xonnd.
-i-

A

inde immorro daghfuach no defuach.

A

airbert

o dialt 3575

cohncht: no
riu,

focrt/ aile fair
is

-i-

slWab.

A

inde áono á\ph.

fuaigther intan
ar
is

sreth.

Coitchend doib uile dialt do rad
for

dialt

doformaigh
:

cach n-ai dibh
ceill

fri

araile.

Ti'úius iar

sun didiu

rmdlius iar
fria

7 son imale ina
-i-

n-anma

dilsi

budhein do radh

cach n-ai

rechomarc 3580
vii

no iarchomarc /rlo. Indlius do ndeachaibh aile do radh fris, ar
cenib deach-side fo deisiu
is

dialt

ainw deigh dona
^^^

ni foil alt and,

dicitur

la á&^c\\aib atsamrtz^/zther.

Deach na filidhÉ?^>^^a Deach in anma prosta
fios cie

-i-

in lin

s\o\\ab

mbios
isin

isin

rund.
-i-

in lion

síIIít^

mbios

ainm
ainm.
:

a 3585

deach do na hocht ndech^/^ doroich
-i-

int

Reim
antan
is

re

uama
i

aei a indi

antan

is

filidhecht

no

uaim dognith^r
raidh

reidhe cen

cowuaim

ioniuis áWgihig
:

bairnde acht tomhus fri cloais 7 coir n-anala no uaim intan is proiss. Reim dono cém a airbert 3590 no rem a bunadh quidein diall no tuisil a bunaidh Laitne onni is robanius comsuidigti. Ruidlius do rem d'fidh •i: :

for fiodh

i

filidecht.

Dilis

do taibrem cethorcubaidh
Dilis di prois.
Indlis

fili-

dechta 7 bairdne.

Coitqent do rem

suin cin cheill 7 cio

rem

suin 7 cheilli imale.
filltir.

do rem 3595

suin nama, uair ni

Cesc, in

gne no

in cenel in

rem

}

Caitetangne? Niansa. rem bairdne, 7 rem proisi. Da gne immorro for filidhacht 7 bairdne -i- rem d'fidh for fidh 7 taobreimh.
Iscineleimh.
7

Reimh

fidliachta,

Rem

d'fidh for fidh

cetamus: Colum caidh comachtach.
Sian sleibi slatu seiscind,
7rlo.

3600

Taobhreimh amal ata sund

:

A
It

FlaÍHí/, a

luam
moill

in
;

gaisce grind

Co Maistin
glana,
it

3605
it

gaoth,

gart,

no

it

garg, do rinn, no

it

griní/,

It laoch,
^^''*

a Flainí/.
''^''

ruiií/

deachi«j de, atsamther

•'^ glan

:

YBL. 229/344
Ceithri

AURAICEPT
for prois o

Eg. 70

2a2

213

gne immorro
is

reim

-i-

reim suin amal

ata

fer,

ar

as reimmthar.

Rem
suin

ceille
is

dano amal ata
aondelb
for

Patraic.

Ni herecor a reim

suin, ar

a 3610

ainmnigh 7 for a ginitii. Reim ata Fland Flaind. Taobreimh
taobhreim cach
reim
-i-

J ceille imale,

amal
is

prosta

me

budein, ar

ni

nach lanreim.
fer,

Treide ara (230) togtar
as reimnighther
:

reim as amal ata
fir,

ar

is

reim

ind amal ata
imalle,

ar

is

ind reimnigther.

Reim

ind 7 as 3615
imalle.

ut est in

fer,

zSx\nmid 7 inchousg aund

Reim dano ceim a
Do

airb^rt

Bellat maihair Niuil

neimhnigh

clainí/ Laidin langeimlx^í^,
lo

Fuair bas a

greine glain,

3620

Ceile Feniusa Farsaidh.

Cia taopomna na techt
I

rain^.''

mbeth-luis-nií7« an
lo rocruta

ogaim
'

On
Is

na ceoil
!•

-

guta lasin Laitneoir
i

v consaini.
ai'rdert,

3625

Connagar áono
amal
Diles
2iáx\xbruvi^\x.

ssund hunad

J

'mde J

coitchend

7 dilius 7 ruidlius J indlius.

Bunad

quidivi oní as robamus

Re

J

uaim a

inde.

A
a

airbert

-i-

ceim.
ríu.
;

Co'úchend dona hn'úib reimendaiph
a beith
a

reim do radh
beith

n-uathad.

Ruidles

a

n-ilar

3630

no
Eg.'\

diles

do reim
Indlius
i

na

bairdne.

Ruidles
proisi
:

do reim

na

filidhechta.

do reim na
n-ilar

no indlius [reim
ilar.
•!•

inn uathaigh

cen adcodar a
forsin
-i-

Et
is

forpaid

i-

fair

bith for in bfocul

no

rand

forsail J airnin forsail
:

7 dinion disail:

no forpaid
is

fourbeoaid intan
:

3635

no

forpíwV/ intan

dinion disaiT
•i^

no
•i^

fair

bidh intan
in

is
i

airnion.

Forbaidh

foirbeoaidh

foirid

mbeo

dtuigsin ind

anma
et

dia dtap//!art//írr in forbaidh no in rand

dia breith re seachta.
Caiti
•*''^

bunad
•*'-*

'\nde

J
:

2.irbert,

coitchend

J

dilius

7 3540

togar

rocruthuigh T.

rocruto na ceol
.**•'*

"^^ Is guta a

ainm T.

'^^ forbeodhaidh

taborthar, dtaparT

YBL.

214

YBL.230a22

AURAICEPT
is

Eg. 70 2Í129

ruidlíus et indlius isin focul

fourbaid

?

Bunad cetoumus

:

A in^^e -i- fair oni is accentus -i- formatrius, Wgnmsseach. á'x^ad bid foursin bfoucul four fot no cumair -i- airnin,
íorsail,

áinin áisail: no íowx^paid a airpert
airbert.
riu.

-i-

for [fh]idbaith

dono a
a radh
fri

Couitchend

dona

huilib

íor^aidhibh 3G45

fourpaid do rad

Diles a beth for fut no gair.

Rudlius

fourbaid fordingi.
-i-

Indlius do fourbaidiph dul a

loag aroile

do da forbaid na nguta
no forbaid
ilair

gconssaine

:

for

do aonforpaid na no forbaid uathaid
7
:
:

forpaid fuit four qumair no forbaid cumair for fout
indles cen a fuath do sgr'ihend.
sail fair

no 3G50
-i-

Forbaid intan

is

foursail

no

foursail

-i-

four
is

ímWiud

iarsinni foutaighes

an
sail

foucal: fourpaid antan

dinion
-i-

dissail,

sech ni nion ni

acht

is

duir: no dinin disail

disin
is

áUu'úMud

-i-

nem-i-

fuilliud.

Forpaid dono
airnion.

fair
-i-

bid intan

airnion no forbuaidh 3655
:

intan

is

Airnin

eirnidh nion

no fourpaid

for

[íh]idhbaid a airbert.

Ruidlius do

forsail.

Dilius do airnin.

Couitchend do dinion disail. Indles do fourpaidip dul a log araile -i- do da forpaid na nguta 7 do eunforpaid na
consaine, ar at iat
7 dinin
disail.
tri

fourbaidi docuisin

-i-

airnion, forsail, 36G0

Airnin arding defidh
-i-

-i-

ding

fil

and

is is

teirce feuda fodera

di fo á\u\\.ad
glouna'.

co nach fidh acht

taobomna, ut

est

ceun^ no

[No
sail

airnin arin bfoucal

fir-ding^eas a deiredh Eg. om.]

Dinin

disail ar gair ge'ipid

i-

di fo diultad co
is

nach nion co nach

gairdigius in foucal 3665

acht duir, ar
sin,

duir (sgnhthar) ag ionchousg na íourpaide

Forsail ut est feur 7 leur 7 gach timourta oulchena. for fuot feudair -i- sail fair forin bfoucal dia fot amal ata

bán

7 lán.
is

Alt onní
ailt^^ ina

altus

.•

uasal

a

bunad Laitne

:

no onní 3670

menmain no go
-i-

feiser cia halt (col. ^) airchetail

berar re seachta
:s6i8
.•Í663

i[n]

nath, no ind an^zV, in laid, no
.i.

lag

3650 fot

"''«1
''^''^

in dig

•"**''
"*'''-

MSS. taobógmna
in anair

gardiges

co fesar

YBL. 230|Si

AURAICEPT
-i-

Eg.

7o2bi2

215

ind emain, in sethrad, [in seutrad Eg. om.], no in sainemain,
in

dian dona dianaiph o sin anon«
is

ota na seacht primaiste

inon«
main.

o deach slouinwter.

Alt
i-

-i-

onni

ailter ina

men- 3675

Alt in
tsill<í//5'

anma
iní^e.

prousta

in

re n-aimsire bioss iter

na da

a

Alt go bfeisser a airbert.

Connaghar

dono bunad

7 inde 7 airbert, coitchend,

dUms,

ruióh'us, indbV/i'

isin híouctí/ is ault.

Bunad quidim
no
oull ait

oniss altus, ut diximus.

A

inde dano

-i-

ail fuit

no

ailid.

A

airpert

-i-

3G80

aigned saordatad.

Coitchend do gach

alt, alt

do rad

ris.

DiMus do

ault saorda

no da ault bauirdne.

Ruiáh'us da

ault 3.igx\id

no

filidechta.

Indlius do dialt, ar ni bi ault
ailt

and no
:

alt

aiccenta a n-inad
:

tsaorda no alt saorda a n-

inad
7rl.

ailt

aiccenta

no ruidlius

7 dilius, coitchend et indlius 3685

Alta ruidlius
alt

do

ault
-í-

filidechta

i-

aisti.

Dilius

immorro do
Indsge
se

bairdne

do

aisti

coitchend,
i

no do
alt.

fouclaiph na proisi, 7 coitchend do gach íocul
-i-

mbi

co bfeisser an

aisti urdalta,

no go bfeisser
:

in

no

in
is

si
i

in aiste beraid re

seachta, amal rogaph

is

e i[n] 3690

nath,

an

laidh.

In^s'sge

an anma prosta

-i-

firindsge
7

no
ind

banindsge no deimindsge.
7
airbert,

Connagar dono bunad
7

inde

coitchend

7

diHus
:

ruidlius

7

indlius
-i-

indsge.
•i-

Bunad cetamus

oniss ouratio a iní/e

inwis coi

coi inwisti [neich

Eg\
7

Airbert dono
7

-i-

irlapra.

Coit- 3695

chend do ferindsge
indsge
is

do banindsge
7

do deirnindsge: no
est

coitchend do ferindsge
Ceallach
se.
is
:

do banindsgi, ut

Flann

no
is

no

is

couitchend
raiter,
is
si

dona
sron
D'úius
e bel
is

huil/í^

masgal
an an

fir
:

DiMus antan

no
no

suil

no
no

he beul no

fiacail

na mna.
raiter, is

se

an 3700

fer, is si in
fir
:

beun.
ruidlius
is

Ruidlius intan
is

fiacail

se an fer so, cona

anmaim samdrefor
araile.

daig.
ier

índlius

e

do radha

risin

gcrand na tuism/í/

n-aiccned
7

no intan fedhair indsgi

No
7
an

bunad
367!.,

inde 7 airrbert, coitchend J dilius 7 ruidlius
is
'••>*'^

3705

94

onni

fris

''''^

bera

«"" laoidh

''"'

YBL.

risin

in frecrus coindealg : no ruidlius a radh hetargaire : re hetargaire Indlius i- a tomus no frissna iar ndilsi. Is cinel Fidh in ogaim.2i6 YBL. 3725 etargaire inchoisg persainde no a rad fri heutargaire aile cenmota in sechta tuas do neoch dip na feo Indlius air coindfc7c.{r -i- foruaslaigt//^<:// a inc/ei- euturgnod goutha. urdaulta. Couitchend a n-uord comairme. e sin in cinel cinelach gnethac/i l- Cesc. aiccenta euccaom. taobomna. ? do neoch diph nat a gnee 3730 Cesc. Etargaire si an anma prosta. frisgair in coina'é'/cc. Coitchend dona h. 230/326 AURAICEPT bunad : Eg. •i- Fidh saorda fidh ind ogaim. Coitchend indHus immorro dona heutargairib ar cheuna. guia ^í guth. a indis coi a 'mdo. 7 Masa fidh catet ? Ni ansa. an gne no in cinel in fidh cinel. indilsi. : Dilius a rad 3720 risna seacht n-etargairip tuas i no do etargaire ínchoisc he.vúMb etargairzM etargaire couitchend i do rad riu i- n-ord comairme. Indsge. Ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. an laid ar a chair no in luipencoussach no is in imrind bera re seachta. -i- Fiodh saorda aigenta. an 3708-4103 gne no an :i7(w cinel an deach ""1" ? Is cinel eimh uair £g^ q„i jndiles oní is etargrediamus foruaisligthech T. an gne no -i- e? an eiccen uair techtaig gne is fid airechda 3735 fourfiod et fiod. uair is fri sloinded persainde sa. aire -i- Airbert -i- a \ixeith re toumus no re seacht : no eipert deiliugud no de dualugud. . Indlius ar -i- Dilius do indsge Coitchend indiles don indsge saorda. persain. 7021. Fidh aiccenta in cinel et fiodh na coiUe (231). sgiencia. Caiti se an 7 fer urdalta no is an ben bunad inde J airbert. Is cenel eimh. coitchend. dilius 3715 i- 7 ruidlius 7 indlius an e[targra]diamus ga. : sgouthecne a airbert.ndradaig-e RuidHus a rad uair is si hetargaire deurrsgugud a nderrsgugud.45 indlius. Couitchend aisti ar a gnathugud : 7 3710 etargaire •i- co feusair ind eurdalta bera re seachta i[n] nath debrichta no in trebrichta.

amal] ata ind a reimniugud. an gne techtaid no -i- cinel reim Is cinel eim. Ant alt co . an uair gne no tri tri Is cinel eimh. fir. in gneithech fogapaid in [ocht] in n-ernaili ? na filidechta. gnee four proiss o reim -i. ar ginitz'/. Patraic ar ni ind iar gceill. in gne no in tri cinel int alt? alt cinel eimh. 7 reim soin nama. Is e sin in cinel cinelach gneithech ce'me\ac/i rocoumad Is sound forsna reimendaib. foura techtaid gneithi. 7 reim aus.* 8745 a luam an gaisgid griní/. /// í. Reim as -i- -i- 3760 ar ni fil Reim ind et ass imale Flan^^ Flaind. 7 Floiiií/. 7 taophreim prosta.f/.: YBL. 7 reim ind 7 ass imalle. fir. as iar soun. suin nama is -i- Patroig hairccar a reim souin. ar is as xeimnigtlitx 3755 .23ia4 techtai'd cinel AURAICEPT -i- 21/ Is e sin gnee secht ndeich na filideechta. Cesc. Reim [ind. 3740 Cesc. ar ata ind iargceill. et ceille Reim Reim suin -i- gan ceill cetumus -i- fer. uair atait 7 ault gnee fair -i- 3770 saorda J ault aigenta go bfeisser. ind teit 7 í Reim -i- ind 7 ass imalle. focail. me fora pudein. aondelph fora ainmniugud Tri gneithi ara togtar reim ind. ?it est Coulvim caid cumachtach 71I0. et uair gnee da gne filidechta bairdne -i- reim d'fiodh four fidh J taopreim lanreim. amail ata in fer -i- 7 ass tét á reim ind ina dualgus foghair uathaid ilair -i- reim as ina dualgus : foghair 7 ind imalle 7 in^ dualgus ceille imalle bfil no fer reím ind fir. Taophreim prosta 3750 V?iXroig. 7 ata ass iar son. Is e sin an cinel dtaurrustar gneithe na Gaid^/cci. amal ata ar is fer. Reim as.reim souin gan reim soin 7 ceiUe imalle. A Ceitheora ceill. Reim Ni 7 suin imalle Flaní/ Y\o\mi. Taobreim. uair ni e in reim -i- reim Laitne no Ebra no Grege no Gaoidelce as a fogbad bunad an 3765 bunad acht cechtar de (no dib) in ceinel in forpaid ? sin. Is Cesc.

don filid ader gu rab "'•« /. Ferr daiph a aithne ogaibh. mar eisi ata mac aga ugdar 7 íoghlaini cie ai [i]s oidi no 7 fiagfr(7Ídh int uaisle. no don tsiWaid four araile mad alt aiccenta. Caiti eisi reime fil Ni ansa. In (oulud firen foirbthe Ni ansa. aigní'í^^ toxmach no fri in dighbail aimsire Caiti eisi alta? airigius a 3790 gcomsinedh tengad fil fogur. Caiti eisi indsge? feudhair isna trib cenelaiph. Ni ansa. uair diairmhiti a gneithe. In toi don filid ag ceimniugud don litir for araile mad alt saorda. Ni ansa. An Vxon dialt no in uaiti tson 3785 n - aowconngbalach ainmnigther o fourbriste íogaLxda gou briocht cona ? n-athgapail diplinaiph. In blad eieoir theip/í/>^e Techtas ind eallach Caiti eisi {oncail. is ut dixit in filé' : Eisi fedha freitighe. tria an gne no chail cinel ind indsge? Is derp conid cinel tri na tri n-indsge sin 7 teachta na hindsgi. Eisi feuda (pndini i -i- in \i\og aieoir teipidi gaibius an fhiodh w-éWuch in focail. Caiti eisi etargaire.— 2l8 YBL. /3) uaisli esseniia YBL. deiich ? Ni ansa. Is e sin in cenel etardeochraigius na huile. Caiti eisi in tsechta frisa dtoimsigther Gaoidelc? Ni 3780 ansa. eisi cruthoighti and maigistz'r . in cenel inn etargaire? Is ceinel Cesc.laid an ilair. an is gne no 3775 eim. An in hruud In fiUti otha ainmniugud ? uataigh co ioy. eisi cruthoighthi na 37K adbarda. (col. An cen^/ deochrrt'z^us daoine an domain. 3795 Ant athfeugad meidi inde no inchoisg no eiterdethbere no etarderrsgaigti rodealph Die go mbeith Qsse •i- iter na duilib. Caiti eisi forpaide Ni ansa. don fil . Eisi -i- d'ccensia i- mar eisi a- roinnius rann J uilidhecht mar eisi ta crauí^ 7 ^ geuga ed 7 J a cousmailius. 7 adbarrda : Iss ís adbarrda and Is Ese cruthoigti -imac do 3800 ed [0] is geineimain on athair cosmailius.23ia27 AURAICEPT 7 coig c'me/a. bfeisser immorro teuchtaid coig gne in Cesc.

5-7 sroill T. amlaid sin toimsigther dialt fri sechta J ni gach sechta frisa dtoimhiuster Gaoidelc. Gourt a mbith bouth brat seoil. eisi 231/3 1 AURAICEPT : 219 sin cruthoighthí 7 is he a adpert nach bfil acht 3805 óa. -i- Coin</ealg 7 pronomen aní/ -i- 7 dobriathar. Cret secht iat na tri hernaile ata agin Laitneoir frecrus na n-etargaire agon na filid? Ni ansa. •'**•'" um feil T. uair deiliugud gach Gaid/lcc dialt aontsilIaop(?<. T)\\gther comardad do is bfeudaiph Dilius aircdhaiph. Lorc Luocha hEgbric hui Briain.mna arna geinemain and no go gcruthoigther he o fhoglaim. ar is moum recar a les im[fh]recra beith imcu^aid.YBL. co fail deiside 3815 do aib ind foucal ai -i- ind aisneis lÁxeith rie secht gach ai -i- na filidechta cach ae diph -i- foucal do breith re secht an seuchtsa anuass do i iarair and sic iarrtoigther proisi. ar 3830 is •i- fri haontsechta toimsigther hi -i- frisin sechta romainc/ larroigter fidh 7 deach sic a bfoclaib ailiph in tsechta. Punadh -i- (no capail) deside n-aisneissi«a sechta do aibh and ai secht in na secht n-aisneis (no iozul so) anuas is seacht atat iar n-aisneis isin bfocz// in sechta seiptini sic. do bairdne. Is amlaidh so fogabar deiliugud aimsm-da cen go bfoghabta Is (olpt/iaigi. Secht sechta do aib domiter 3810 7 secht n-aisti isi filidechta is secht n-aisti na bairdni domiter bfocal fri sechta -i- seiptiin sin. . Aide Mide meic don Grein. 3806 :!835 3835 Diog./z do tomus fri sechta. 161. Sidhe na haoine im feil Eoin. l. coitchend J ruidlius J dilius J indlius. ar is lugam J in rig a less comardad imcubaidh re cluais 7 co rab 3825 Is douil/^'" cetus 7rl. dligther do iarair innti acht conub binn coma. sidea aile -i- a bfoclaibh na bairdne 7 ^a is Ruidlius do filidecht 7 innti is air[e] is mo iar is ruidlius 3820 do filidecht.róad cheudna eimh. Gr. uí dixit Plato. 19 : Gort a mbid botha brat Virg. bunad J inde J airbert. v. Laert. conid aire sin ruidlius do fhilidecht.

^: baurd Im pa Im ba A O •'^^' •"*^'* Criosd ti in congena friom? go techt tar forliond louní/. Lat. 7 an taobomna tois^r// do tapairt ar aird -i- bfeisiur in taophcupía'/í/j' an raind 7 go go raibe an fhidh .ncuhdius no ^^0^^^^^//?/. im pa seung.: 220 YBL. deconngbalach. treusach.3840 ibdius. 7 go bfeiser cia 3850 deach dona hocht ndeachaiph doroich an in aisti./í:^//u ? Intan and. treconngbalach? Ainmnigther o tretsill- tnun in (232). cetna beass a n-im[fh]recra na da tarmortchend 7 co rab inand a lion do taophomní?/*^ beus impo . . focrt/. Indsge -i.dXshenad íocail don coic romesad a n-anail Ni ansa. no 7 radh -i- iar híougar i soun imalle Caiti gac/i bfail fri mbia deich 3845 biss . 7 . Do oir ioclaib is forbta ainaile xoX. is ocht ndialta in i mbricht. ! guthaige coull 7 ruis taur eis a. tomus da sechta -i- an fiodh touisech isin ruouí'/. lancu. -i- soad cuipdiusa. Coitchend doip uile deich do rad riu. in fid deidinach =*"• tuirmibh T. go bfeiser co bfeisiur taophreim no in reim d'fidh for fiodh .na filidechta. neamciallaidi. Ni ansa. D'úms dilius a iar soun dialt do rad est fri gach n-aontsilW^ Ruidlius iar gceiU ciellaidi. Caiti secht an ochta in 3860 Airrrt. 7 intan ba rosgad no tomusti and cibiní/as notomhusti ar ni bi halt . si'c coax J ar a tsuin nemciallaide sin friu uile. ii.? -i- and. gxeini : 3865 cebach. Ni rodilssi dó an trian o n-ainmnigther ouldas -i- dá trian o nach ainmnigther Caitet na da iargcoumarc. turmi? nglound.go bfeiser an se no an si an ais/i 7 eutargaire 3855 gne n-aircetail do gne do tomus re sechta. •i- taophoumna gauphus seussach. iargcuibdius. 5. coiáá. 15 na feuda beus isin da taobhcub«/í/ T. J cia íorpazd bes a bfoclaip ind im[f h]recra 7 co feusair ca dona secht n-altaibh an ercetail -i. -^^' 3870 T. ut est Cuormíí.23i^27 larraígther isin AURAICEPT rand so soudhcuipdius . 7 cretcuipdi[us] 7 isin lethcuibdius 7 iarraigther deig^^ouch beous salcuibdis 7 cretcouibdius. is andsin is secht Caiti foucal aoncong- baulach. \a. Gr. n-alto in ?í\ed.

-i- Caiti deochair iter a cumang fri a 3890 ÍQ\xdhaib 7 a near'L a bfedha/<^ air^dhaiph suidug/^í/ úWaibe. Co fesar a lion. id est nion) fleusg. A n-uaiti aonaicme. a llion a nd^wtar an toumus ? et a n-uaiti e/ a mét eí a loighet. caiti eugcuomaung. ni suaiU. ailm. Caiti deochair iter a n-eugcumaung 3895 fo -i- 7 a n-aimn^rt -i- a dtuohoumuaib/i fri suidiugz/í^ s'úlaibe. is Ni ansa.. deochair a egcumang 7a n-aimn^rt? intan is Ni ansa. 'Lounfl'' 7 ' leuth cou prat/i iar gcuairt crous. ed a lion -i- cuicc -i- aicme an ogaim aon -i- eí cuiccí-r ceucha (-i- haicme. filit Fior eimh.' a Mhrad -i- freucuomfa:// sin no gu dtainic ' dialt n-eitterleime etraiph. -i- Cumoung cetamus a no o no siWaibe. souil.3885 Cesc. A meut -i- a toirne.. ailni. Aimnert ummorro antan bit ag comhsuidightíph cutrouma na nde. toumus fri fiodh -i. guthí?z^e Egcumoung cetamus: antan amal uath ata fídh : nialus na n: no egcumong Caiti intan doniter occaibh cend douiph. luis.3905 . ar ni tuigter na feuda deghenchuo tria isna na gcant^m fo chetoir. YBL. reimtsuidhiugud da i da choumuaim is sin an lourcc buddein bios uag imful?/«^ an íoucat'/ co auraile et ni louitend couir úodrat'd: Cie leuth cou pr-a/A ier gcuairt chruos : 3875 Cusalua mo chouplauch creus Im ba souir no siar. a n^rt Is e/ a n-aimn^rt. Egcumang cetamus ata fidh -i- 3900 fo nialus na uguthaigQ. a gcumang 7 a n. : intan dogniat guth ind-aonaur dusbere 7 fri A n^rt immorro antan souil suidugud a amal ata bethe. u. amal don-ouccaiph uath a taophomn<«M defougraibh sin intan cend doiuph. ut est -i- coic flesga. 3880 dialt n-eiterleime eiter 'Cia' iter ' lound 7 'leuth' an deired in roind toisigh 7 toussach an rouind deighenaigh.caiti iat na feudha frisin Ni ansa. Ni ansa. Et a laighet aon-i- bethe.232a6 •i- AURAICEPT tsill^í^ iter 221 fidhrat'd. Im ba bu-thuaidh nou bu-deus.

amal ata beun. /3) taophoumnaibh nd-ouorba uath -i- co ndofir-baidhe. . -i- 7 o aon go cuicc cachai oenfleisc go coic fo amal ata beth[e] 'na haonur aile . muin ouna : Imdruim aithne aiccme ailm adiu -i- Aithne -i- aicme na bforfiodh tri on rand is is mou rohainmniog^^ -i- feudhaiph Is 7 iat shou anmoun^/a dringtacha 3930 imdrichaur ougam ind ogaim. 7 cuicc^r no co n-irdiphand. Caiti deochair iter an egcuw: oung bit 7 an aimhnert? occai. Eccoumong cetomus i intan na comung uadhaibh auchd Aimhnert uuall 7 comang mor chena bfarr^'rf' na bfidh n-airedha. -i- e 3925 aithne aicme bethe Tua[th]druim : do leth tuaidh an droma. lasin nGaidel. Laitneoir intan 3910 guthaighe a n-aontsillaib lasin nGaidel. is e aithne aicmi uath Tredruim aithne aicmi 7 anaull. Lat. 19 uime aicme na Gr. • frem frem na craoiphi i- sdiXtvad four -i- frem an crouind ar tus. Lanchumang co inntibh iter fedhaibh (col. ut esí biti quoniam. J do lam dheuss 3935 -i- remhat aiccme larsin J is trit bethe. lasin Laitneoir auall 7 . leiss -i- uait.\us. gliaid.\z&m.222 YBL. ut est Briain.' : J nion 'na cuicczV^r : Gne tri Egcumong cetuomus antan : piti iio ma.232a33 AURAICEPT (er J fougar isna {oríeuáhmd. cian 7 ciar. aicmi muin. i- Cuicc fedho gaucha haicme flesgaibh do/<^. ut est ni berar a Aimnert immorro ni seru[u]s uulgus. J is fris -i- cuccut -i- aicme ailm. feoil. iv. "91" Tairis J 367. amlaid -i- (sin) is amal imdreng//írtr crand diUjnail amlaid ceimnigther isinn ogam ceimnigther isin craund Is hi 7 iss ed -i- is crand sound conair aipgitri ind ogaiin. 3915 immorro intan biti fo consanachd. quidei)i. beoir. Cuicc aicme 3920 ougaim 7 gacha haicme cenmotha na forfeudha ai -i- o aon co cuic cacb co coic o aonfidh co cuicc fedha 7 o co ndod-deilighther -i- aonfleisg fleisgaiph -i- is it cain-nus-deiligther triana n-airde e i trian a n-egcosg 7 is n-airrde: Desdruim : -i- bethe do deis an droma. et do lam cleith fo deoigh is aicme uath. íit est iarum.

dicitur — MarcacA autconní/aurc ane. domither frisna taopoumnrt/^ ar fidh amal fidha? Is Ni Cach da taopomna a cupaid. Bas : lancupaid fri honn Taobcubaid -i- bras 7 l^ss aontug«í3^ no e ant aontug[ud] co n-inan^/us 7 int cin inan^/us andsin. . áoxxnn cownn. Dedha ata bas is airecor 7 las.: YBL. and 7 is -i- 3965 aontugud co ndeiliugud amal iar fil comardad intibh 7 is n-aircetail ata. sic sin taoboumna Jit and -i- bfoucal cauch da taopoumna ar fiodh. corn dourn. Is -i- he sin in sealpad saorda Ita 3945r cin reim acht reim remraithi in do fedhaiph nama.232/3is bforfiodh. tantuni. ut est luis ailmi ii- 7 bethe ailme -i- la 7 ba. comuaim amal deirig ata fidh aíredha in lethraind toisigh 7 in i lethraind teit in dis Cesc. frisna Cesc.er fedha a n-ainm prostu taoboumna friu na taopomna 7 cainfuaigter na {owcail dip. cinnus ansa. feudha frisna taoboumnaiph bis Ni isin Amal iarraigther fidh airedha in an. Ruidles do fedh- . uair inan^ fidh ^weghdhz. friusidhe -i- nem cel. frass bras. 7 •i- AURAICEPT amlaid sin deiligter feudha et 223 forfeudha Is taophoumna.//a icca hreth re 3955 iarroigther in sechta. fuaigedh in rand. o. Cid ar a n? aubaur ansa. taobomna deighenoch sain immorro taobhomna do tomus Caite ruidlius 7 dilus. coitchend 7 indlius do fedoibh 3970 friu ? Dilius do forfedhoibh. cend lend. cid ar a n-eibertar fedha friusidhe 3940 ter 7 taopoumna amal fida? Ni ansa. cro. ed a cupaid iarum cach da coibfid a cubaidh co x^eth a fidh 3950 cetno beus llion i bfoclaiph ind im[fh]recra 7 corab inand a do taopomnírz'í^. A dath at 3960 Uan i- tuinne dath a da coll 7 i'uis a n-agaid onn lass. xnsxíd toisich. ut esí bas 7 las. Fobith domio'\\. 'Eutac/í uime co nndath gilithir geiss. is : no cro a cubaid indsin.

224 YBL. mac nGoimeir ^rl. {o?>\. 7 Ceasc irrainic cia rainig in cisi beurla Feine. taobomna. 7 a cor a tredhai. in loug : in dara deisgiopul sechtmadad na 7 Pa do Ephradaiph a bunadus iss ba go hEceptacta 7 rofaoide^/. a phersu leg.4000 na beith ag nech doridisi. in cethruim//íe Cae. a in trefocul. i cia hairm a n-airrniocht. a riagh?/! re hochta. . Is aile douiph asna hilperl. ouca a n-aonur no beith. 7 a 3975 foghrt:/'/ sedhai. connaitchend cusin sai gou Feinius berla achd comad asna hilper. fri 7 airec o dedha. dedhas 1. a a sechda. is Gaidel mac Aingin. and roan oun tour Feinius feissin accan tour no go tdourracht a sgoul cuigi 3995 as gach aird i cionn deich mbHedan iar sgailed -i- four gach leth. in sechtmad a dalta. uair he is mo 7 pa he an fer sin daroth/rzzV^ no torofor- thlaig. a comhdluthugh a ndeicthi. dedho mac Etheoir.^/^. 3980 an seisidh Fercheirtne (233). gu hAimirgin T. a hincosc a noie. 232(338 ' AURAICEPT Coitchend do uibh airedhoibh. 7 is S972 ''**' he rob ferr •'®^" '''^' diph conad he a ainm-sidhe ^**** •'**^ \x^iiis Cinaodh T. a fastad e tra int aon tuas tredhath Feinius Farrsaidh. an dechmad Cínaptha. in coicidh Aimergin mac Noiwe meic Nionuail. in mac Aíngín. no ag nech nofouglainnedh leo andsin áoxéí^ed doip in berlu-sa laiph rotaispenadh do aonfer diph. a comuaim morudh fri -i- ceathardha. in Is fri cuicthi.ad a n-aon -i- int uachdarach (-i- Fenius) -i- Iss -i- e so tosach an Airaicepto iar nAimirgin : nGluingeal arriacht : Aimirgin a fearsa Inbir 7 tucaid a n-aimsir mic hui MíIí'í/ 3985 Tochur : Moir a a crich -i- nEnechglas dia Cualunú? a loc denma i Ir mac Miled tolugud go he«ingen amal ata n-ar ndeoigh. an noimad a dalta. Inlius do taobomnrt/<^ sic isna foclaibh ailiph in tsechta. fobith Is and batar a tusdige pa hand ron-alt. int ochtmad Cendfaolrtíf//. 7 haimsir rriochd in ? : Iss e immorro 3990 -i- Feinius Farrsaidh -i- persa ogin tour sgoile. Conagur dono isin aipgitir 7 bunath o aon.

da berla sechtmogat. 7 u mpa ed caoine -i- turgp^// 7 u mba leithe -i- i gclsLUií£-ud. ut est Aithrií? — 4020 dam teit an lios Sech a an glas auss. uí ^ ^ J^—- It iet sin no huocht litri sechnait in Gaidilc dona haipi gitribh aile.: : YBL. Saile. Chron. Gach soun do na ailibh hairrniocht cairecht^zri cairachtaire est isna haipgitribh isin arnichta leosum Iq ^ doip mbethe-luis-nion an ogaim. 7 Nemruad mac Cuis meic Caim meic Nai agin F. 6 P .233a20 AURAICEPT - 22$ dota in berla sin. Is da thuaith 4025 primthoiss^r// sechtmogat. i. for leth Rolaiti iarum lasin nGaidí'/ feudha for leth 7 a dtaobomna 4015 go bfuil cach dip four leth (do) atait araile ge nacha cumusg : agín Ga. Greccus mac Gomer do -i- beith ut est in parabulamb genilogia i- leapair geinealrt?>í? na nEapríz/^i ni rabatar acht tri meic ag Gomer. 7 Riíath a n-anmanda rogenair Greccus o n-ainmnigtir 4035 «-^ i Chron. Gaidel Inand -i- mac ferr -i- Eithiuir Aingein u fri 7 Eitheoir. Togarma «*•» I go Aschenaz]. 7 Laitin Ribath Scout otat Scuit. lasin e ndernad an tor i- Eber mac 7 Gomer otat Gregaig.ide/ amal atat agin is Laitneoir cros ar ani is crux Latine croch agin Gaidel grus ni fil a fregra lassin Laitneoir. Necus iarsin [1. F. i- ^^3^ Brec dano a rad so tour.4005 maín do Gregaiph. T. Is tra Gaidel mac Aingin J da ainm patar four a athair -ianí2Ísin iarum doreip^í/ in berlasa mba a n-edargna in gach berla.conid Gaidelc deiside o Gaidel mac Aingin meic Glunfind meic Laim[fh]ind meic Eithiur meic Aghno. 32 «^J Fenius FarsazV/// /rl. i. 7 da comairlech sechtmogat. -i- Inab imda grus An gob imda Ceitheora ran^/a forfogailti agin tour da deisgiopul sechtmogat. iss doreipí?rf' 4010 insin Gaidilc. 7 Gregus mac mac Puin otat Latianda. 7 Aisc.

cf. cetaiph ri bHadna dec co ar tri fichit ar 4040 flaithiusa secht o flaithus Nion deired Tuta^eis an doumain.226 YBL. uile forfedha indsin. i6. Gaidz/ o Gaidz«/ G\as garta. 4055 Scouta onoir romor. a cuig fo bugu.ingar (col. 69 4060 YBL. Is re lind rotoglad an Trai fa deigh secht mbliadna iarsin co dtug ^nias ingen Laitin meic Puin. 319-22 : Maolmuru Othna. Da bliadain coicat o sgailiud coicait an tuir go flaithius Nion meic Ceithri Peil. Gald- o Gaidg . Caoime leosim amal ata agin dono a cuig ^O" fo gair. Dotogairm cuige na tengt/z« 7 uaiti he co tecusgrtí/ -i- na hEigipti 7 fo tug se a ingin fein do ainmigtir Sguit. conid ut dixit poeta : Feine o Feinius atbertai. conid deich mbliadna ar ochtmogaid ar oucht cetaiph o sgailiud an tuir Lauina 7 Laitin fein dorinne 4045 a caingzV/ fris. Brig gan douchta. a do dopoi a righe. co na bou in sescatmad primhtois^r/z an ri Sgouta et as ingen Fouraind rofaus -i- Eigipti o n-ainmnigtir Scuit fer sou Nel mac Y€minsa Farrsaidh Sgeithia go 7 frichnam//í7<:// 4050 he go dtainig asin magh Seunair m«r dob ail a rapatar na teungtha ar na sgailed dtuicced se na teungtha 7 docuala ri leis do Eigipti Nell do beith fein ag sduid/r se in^^to. Sguit o Sgota. Is follus assin co nnach c^rt-tiaghait oes ind Uiraicepto tuir. co nnach raipe ic cumdach an mac do amlaid sin. 233^42 AURAICEPT Greicz. leis A mba caoine -i- caoime -i- a cuig fo fut 7 a cuig fo lan 7 4065 a cuig fo cruaidh fedha airedha andsin. a cuig fo deghfog^/r. YBL. Ni raibi immorro ingra -i. /3) go mad Gouimer Grecus. 4068-61 Keat. I 4060 -i- mpau ferr 7 i mba lethe ina cach berla 1x\o ferr leosim a n-etargn^ a mbith coumdis muiti uile quam a mbeth comtis lethguta 7 muiti amal atat agin Laitneoir. tuir Coumaimsir<i:í/ andso sis. Hist. quam aon quig fuithzM ar ouchtmadad ii.

aphouní/ Laitneoir. immorro. OMx\d 7 ailcne. xvi.x\. Lethe dono i bfouclaib 7 in gciallaib 7 litribh in Gaidelc 4085 i de na sin inas Laitin. cognico rerum perit atbail aithne na reut 4090 muna lasin hetftrgnaither (234) ant ainm.YBL. *^^ rellait ***^ ««' Origg. ut est : corropti posunt Latini oinneis suont uocales producti 7 atat na huile guthaige Latianda co -ico dtimairgter. c^LXxac lasin lasin nGaidel sdrupala lasin Laitneoir is nGaidel. ^xnúixach laisin nGaidel. laisin nGaidel. ni fil Gourmarium Grus immorro : a frecra-sidhe lasin Laitneoir lasin : lapis 4080 laisin. 21. ar cia beith ilanman(/a agin ret. 71 I a I 22/ Laitneoír Iss sin fo nemcinnti no nemtsealpí7í/. 2 1. 233 i3 25 AURAICEPT dichronus -i- Eg. uisgi lasin nGaoidel : aimnis lasin Laitneoir. xiii.1-3 *^ abond ^ Nisi enim Gaidl YBL. ar ni bfil la leuthguta ^x\d amal nach Gach '^^ duil Grecca ^Mcht muiti nama. filit i iat na cenela clouch do nach a íx&zz. lasin Laitneoir ail clouch nGaidel : pcutra Laitneoir. lasin Laitneoir. scopulus. do nach raibe ai«mniucc«í/ isna beurlaibh ailiph Origg. fil nGaidel : : pisginai laisin iechlind lasin nGaidel lin^ immorro lasin nGaidel. 3. tic Gaidel ag sloinr/edh fil an ciall reullait sin isinn uathadh foucal : icon Laitneoir. gcaomnagtar 7 co roectar 7 Leithe i gciall: aibh 7 a bfouclaib 7 a leitriph. Rolaiti iarum a feudha four leith et a 4O95 thaophoumna four leth co bfil cach ai diph bfil for leith ou'raile. Cid leithi i foclaib. Leithe lasin i leitriph cetoumus Ni a bfouclaiph dono lasin fil a frecra Laitneoir.\iaich i agin Laitneoir. : Lethe 4075 a frecra lasin -i- grus 7 cluoch 7 lind grus 7 ni fil Laitneoir -i- tanouch: gourmaulo Laitneoir. ni lethi gciallaib. ed isbeir in Laitneoir gabait na cuig guthaige an greim 4070 uile. Ni fior on amal isber in Laitneoir -i- Nicienciivi sgieris no7nen. . Aqu\a\ lasin Lait- neoir. gruth laisin nGaidel dia frecra. ni a frecra lasin Laitneoir.

' 'cirqundercimus' 4125 i len i litrip. om.' sirqundimus. ar ni fout nior doluidsi on a qumachtain ar ' do' do J 4130 acht do aonsillab. sillad -'i"'' conid tanusi d'etorsamugud '*^'-' "i"-^ iDai robai J"8 fertur coibhfidh T.cluoch.y/. ut ^.' 'circundit. 4100 i\\\ab deigi?«ach oir is 'penuilt' is ainin do Cidh a oir is ' fuodera penuilt deg^wich chumair -i- laisin Laitneoir 7 'uilt' in sillab o circu«das. cet'circun- 'sirqundad' na persan^/a ilair ' tuas. is ^^^'' ' Ar ata do ' met ^103 luigtech in dobriathar -'^"^ sircuim *'"» "^'' rei ' do pindiult T. persaní/aní/a ^'-•* cin go lenand T.' 4120 na tri persanc/a huaíhaid : 'sirqundas.' poi ' an^ ' ar tus. ' Dobai ar circundimus i tosach ' circundamas 41 1 'de' ria is 'm' uime ' fertar ina aimsir<3í/7 sin ita in penuilt cuimre ilur et si dimus ' don ' tuas do beith cumair [oir dobai cumair Eg?[ a sircundimus -i- is iat et rolen ' aimseradh sircunrtí?. bhi fada co nnderna. ferthor «22 ^a cobihfidh T. Cid foudeura aiccent forin penuillt comair sen ' i- da ' et nach ar is ' cund ' ata ? Ni ansa. 410j5 siorcundamas. ^'-'^ aon tsiollaobha dhe T. •i- ainmniugud doiph an dara grus.' did.) ' sin.' et conat in cetpersa on persain tanuisi uathaigh cruithíT on ilair Lasin persaind Laitneoir ar cor tanaiste 'mu' iter doS na persainí/e a 7 gnither tanuisi tria i ' 'mu' circundamus ' : d'eturtsamoir ' ' amal ata ' circunda. "•* airnin forin T. gen lenand -i- gur-i- damus. arichta a h'nd.234a7 AURAICEPT isin Gaidilc. Do.' ' 5 228 YBL. ugud iter a ' " et ' s ? Ni Neoch ropui ata 'circundis.' na persain cuimre 7 sin tri a iLair .' dis. '*"^ ^i^i rolen aimserud ybl. .' cumair rolean ' in cuimre (no coibhiti Eg.' 4110 ansa.

tangadar meic Issrael a hEigipt. 9 . "t sdai[n] (•!<•) /lee i. /3) adrubrumair romaind. " •j heth (h) teth (n) uita -'v beutha. donius i- tech. Seura meic Sru agus Cest. isberait isa cia muig tSeunair doriacht. ndilinn Partab. T í^ deleth (ci) tabalaruni \- hee (u-) i. plenuin lan.'i ? ainmnighe Ephrat'de Ni : ansa eim. bonuui : •i- '^' VBL. Se primtoisigh Saile.&. Is iat sin a persanda 7 aimsir Is a dano an aimsir a nAisia arií-///.e. Lat. viii. i. clair.Eg.— YBL. 7 iar 4135 ed \x\d son tosach ind Uraiciopta iar Feinius 7 iar nlar mac Nema nGaidel mac Eitheoir no mac Aingin. prinncess {prinnceps Eg.) he.. MiU Gr. 13 . 7 uau (-g-) \. gemel (r-) '\.e. 402. ista \- andssou. amal (col. is i. mac Sdairw meic 4150 Seura meic Sru meic Eusru cetnarogaph Eire rie [iar ii>. Tuccait a sgriphind 4140 a touthlugud don sgoil moir go Feinius et co hlar mac Nema 7 go Gaidel mac Eitheuir a tep/V/Z'i doiph ind Uraiciopt[a] 7 iar dtiodnacul (in) rechta do Maisi 7 iar bfoglrtz'.e. i- 4160 tigerna. beth (s. ii. 711^43 229 conna romill uimpi a haimsered nach a haiccent amal na Millidh immorro in 're' in romiU a cailirefacio. caitiat aipgitri na tri primberla iter cairechtí7í!. Is Is laigtech risin mbreithir.] Neimnmid meic Aghnoumain meic Paim meic /rlo.e.) i. conid isbeir : airi sin arriachta na haipgitri a n-aontapaill amal cuiteut aipgitri 4145 na dtri primberladh 7rla.e. maith. 177.234a34 AURAICEPT Eg.// do Caei Cainbrethach oga. lasin dernad in tour -i- Greccus mac Goimer otat Gregaigh Eimer mac /rlo. Eg.' ' Buidiugud a rolagat. aipgitir cetamus andso sios 4155 doctrina -i-i- K n j aleph (H.e.) t'd est forcetul.

230 - YBL. Aipgit/r Grecda suoniafa :— 4180 A ]] alpa (i). N oz xl. D samet ith -i- adiutorium •i- 4170 j. . • 4185 H e I eta (vii). 418« 4195 and consequently the numerals there- "pijg Digamma. 'B csi Ix. disciplina. in. teta (8).sum. 7iib30 4165 ioih. E ersion (v). ri. sempiternunL co suthain.e. (•{•) prtnndj>m)n i. oculus fe. excipsis -i- n 3 mem [n]un (-x-) i. furtacht. cop res (-i-) uocacio capites -i- i- gairm. 4175 (-c-) -i- ^ sen dentium tau •!• fiacla. 234/3 1^ i\URAICEPT -i- Eg. K L kapa (x). M imos (xxx). -i- topur no (-i- suil. n phi [0] Ixx. Finit disin. n xz>«(i: •i^ comarda. A delta (iv). iota (ix). uaitib. after are one place wrong up to . . cend. tossdich. -i- (-ci-). V lamiach (-s-) suni cordis. vi. Z steta (vi). íi osa ab ore non ab osse (f-) iusticia •i- on bel 7 ni on chnaim). beta (ii). V P "I sade coir. (-ri-). is omitted xl.fons. 3 cap (S) inanus -i- lamh. [^] 700. r gama (iii).e. 4190 luta (xx).

rav [da 00 = w] uocht [Finit disin o 4205 7 Domnall ua Aoda doberim mo secht mallacht 7 mallacht Dia dob[er]air air sin di ollo. -i- regnouni -i- 4215 flaithemnus.e. s i-e.iro Gram.— YBL. pluvid) i. [1. nobilitais nertmairecht.e. o i.//<a. prinncipiuvi utili[t'\as -i- -i- tossach.e.e. § [sampi] 900. '\. auruni presiositas loghmaireacht. p. -i- subachas. pax i.e.\ i g i.e.e. Virg. 89. dignitas diuiti. -i- i. n p -i- i. b d f i. -i- u i. a c \. '\. dies et nox la adaig. r 7 ^220 pulnia t (1. y i. duailitas [oinoir eathwadh étrad). -i- umla. {• tarbdacht. 7«5. v.AURAICEPT Eg. -i- i. [h^ilaritas i. nert. i. iusticia -i- indrucus. 7 teine. ueneracio ogmoir religio Eg.Q.m O Maolchonaire.e.ianda indso.e. -i- sithchain.e. opsequiuni i./?í '»^-^ YBL. aqua et ignis 'v uisgi -i- x longa uita -'v betha fota. rt'z>/í M. Is e in feur cetna tra Fenius Farsaidh (rainic) na -i- ceitheora haipgitri aipgitir asrubartamírr 7 aipgitir aipgitir iri Greccda 7 ^225 Ephraidhe Laitianda 7 bethi-Iuis-nion ^•' uioo *2u-22 cf. '^ YBL. onora (sic) -i- onoir.234/344 . [koppa] 1x1 us pro [p] centum us csima [o-'] centum ono centum.q.^.e. (1. duo] us 4200 uu [ [r] tri ]xc.e. 2. fortitudo -i- e i. -i- recongnitio aithne.e. uile raot 7 is Is olc in cuwain dam cuige so é (?) damsa is mo dobeir se cunain aithigh uile Eg?[ 4210 Aipgitir \^^\\. h i..e.e. fertain.. lan^us . \- k -i- -i- i. 1 i. ^' YBL.e. lux solis griansolustur. pietas trocaire. or. m q -i- i.7iib37 23I Fi [tt] um Ixxx. (p.e.e. craphrrr/^/. hi [H] cuic cet us psi 5 [sampi] nai cet us uio [xf/] seacht cet us cet.

caorthan<'/. driss.bertar do ben fo do a shecht . cuillení/. 7it for leith. feithlend. : coull. 4255 airi sin is a mbeithe xosgxi^ad in ceutna hainm tug///rt ougaim tuccadh a \\YÁxinn -i. non 7 is sic na haipgitri aile acht a [c] cumusg e atat inntip uocales 4235 sgoile is ar b[a Egi\ coiger ar fhichit lin Hon na aire he aipgitri in ogaiin 7 it an anmanda fordota in rolaiti bethi-luis-nion It an ogaim. leclo luachair 7rIo. ar ogaim isin Gaidilcc acht o chraní/aiph cin cob aithionta atat tri in[d]iugh araile croind cran<^aiph -i- hernaile for 4045 aire feudha. sceu. dair. conidh aire rolaiti four leith (235). fir. rait. 71 2 a r6 an ogaim aire certi in deigenach ar is fa deoigh arichta in beithi-luiss-nion an ogaim.secht mbeithe Lug mac Eithk«« -i. feorus. trom. lem. uiUeand. ifin.234i330 7 ís AURAICEPT is Eg. - e in anmanda est 7l|1]|1|D]]í||)^0 filit Asberat araile conid deich feudha airedha and 7 it e 4240 an tri dofhourmaghat frisna vii tuas. 7 losa feudha et uaithibh sin ainmnigter feudha ind ougaim. fion^coull. Aithig fedha fern. i- a sgrip>^^«^ a n-aontapaill a ropatar roimhe uile no 4230 fath comad he arriachta aipgitri ind oile i ogaim 7 sgribhind na n-aipgitr/ nd-aontapaill uair itait leith a -u- -i- aipgitir ind ogaim imalle. aball. [sail Eg\ bethe. conid uadh fordota iarum. Aire fedha ibor. 7 aithig fedha. uí dixiums -i- forfeuda agin Gaidilcc 7 rola a ^\x'Cs\aigi for n-urd aipgitri o consanaip. ut dicitur Feochuos foultcain 7 is -i- beithi. cranís' -i- droigen. fidhout. eidhend. uindis. emanin coull. fri Beithi dixdiu o beithe rohainmnig//íí^r ara chousmalius cois an beithi. spin. gius. itir Ismberait araile co nnach o dainiph ainmnigther aipgitir (no fedha) diph. -i- fraoch gilcach. 4250 Lousa feudha aitend.: 232 YBL. quidim: crithouch.

YBL. ut chaor. Huath dano •i- o chranc/rohainmnigther is sge. Luis dono is o craní/ rohainmnigther o chaor- thaní/ uair luis dicitur li ainm do luis is i- chaorthana^. Fern dono o cran^ rohainmnigther fern ar is dicitur aireunrtí-/^ Fian di dogniter ?/^ na sgeith. ut dicitur luth lego ngedal Í- gilcach no raith. ar miwic la uath mor hi ar a ic deilgniph no is cach comdail -i- sgiaigh. 4265 li Sail á'xdiu soil -i- is o chran<^ rohainmnigther./ -i- o uinnsin<'/. ut i^ dicitur sraba 4290 a dhe sraib ssdraibh '*^''' áro'xgetid ^-'''" no saididh nell airden Fiand nembeth ^'^< ^ ^"" .235ai2 AURAICEPT -i- Eg. Duir airdem 4275 -i- dono is o chrand rohainmnig///í?r dair. soil dicitur ambi N/« nembi ara cosmalius a datha -i- fri marph. Straif dono -i^ áro'igend. dair. ce/zV gelt queirt -i- apall. o chran<^ rohainmnigther i- apall. dono is o chrand rohainmnigther ni. ar ailleacht -i- dath a fern. Ngedal •i^ gilcach nuo is -i- raith. (•i- cli) •i- abull. /// Muin dano -i- o chraní/ rohainmnigther •i- i^ finemain. i- ut : dicitur cno-car : cach ag ithe a cno is coull no ith-car Ouiert is no 4280 i^ •cain-car fid. ut dicitur trian roith tinne in cu'úend ar Coll is cu'úend is treus fidh in chdirpaid. ar luth laisna legaib 7 coibnes iter k 7 ng : no miod<7í-// ice ar -i- imad a straif ice no [i^ Eg?[ gilcach no aire -'x- raith. 7i2bi 233 tu hi. -i^ •dono eidheand. ut dicitur dosaiph Tinne dono roth is o chran^ rohainmnigther -i- cuWcnd. nt dicitur is coscrad sidhe uin^is sith : i- ar di na croind gaeí \i\wd\s -i- triesa cosgarthar an no costad side uint/is is -i- nin 4270 giniol garmno dognither do ar isinn aimsir tsidha togbír/th^rgarmna. ut dicit'ur glasibh geltaip gort eidheand. ut sula caourthaní/. sidhaiph uait nisi eain custodieris muna coimhéta i Et is airi sin beoss sgript/m/r béthe dtousach aip^zVrz ind 4260 -i- ogaim. ut dicitu r clithour baisgell eilit. i- dono fer o chranrtf fer -i- rohainmnigther Queirt dono coull. isin tseunGaidilcc. dicitur airden maisi mui« Gort 4285 finemain •i- iarsani fasas a n-airdi finemain. ut dicitur : comdal qua« uath.

cetamus : for taobomnaib 7 isna ndiaigh do-ecaiph 4-»<» •*•'-•• airdemh co ndurboi ^ ^^'^ piU-. ut -i- dicitur sruith^. Edath erchra -i- edh uath fe crand fir no crithach. ut dicitur cuánoviáh eich fraoch. Itberat araile is tretslicht is coir and -i- 4320 lanqumang a muitibh Bogí7(^ ^-« ''•'^^ ar ni bfilet lethguta lasin nGaidel. fedha pin -i-i- -i- spinan no -i- spin. eo barr -i- siinper. echlaisg. Eba -i- 4300 snamchar Oir -i- feoruss no edlend. id quaisi pailm a 4295 -i- palma. doecamni . frech. ut dicitur millsim Emrt^coll 4305 umda cia a fedha : no emancoll -i- gabar emancoll ar ach gabar ar aill -i- midiuiti.cumang 7 ecumang lancumang 7 lethchumang cumang a forfeudhaiph.« aicdhe feorus fiarses. ecgumang a muitibh. inntib -i- Cesc. ciss iter a cumang? 7 Ni ansa. pawk amne sínemh T. -i- Ailm feth -i- o<r/ítach no airdeumh : iachtadha est. eidleand. cidh Lancumang iat. om.235a38 AURAICEPT -i- ssuass.'\ Anmanda fiodh tra sin uile amal is foghaphar in isin isin 4310 Duili Feudha. ut dicitur -i- fer flesg. lanchumang a fedhaiph. fe ue^ at uath feirrdris no aihn. -i- Treidhe dogni uath \>ogad et s€\vs\\\\xgud 7 má\)^dad. Onn [ Ur fe aitend.234 YBL. ut dicitur ruamna -i- ruici trom : no ruamna ruisg ailm teine truim. Uiileand Ipin caor. ut dicitur -i- aitend no -i- -i- guiremh dal iobhar. ut dicitur tuathmar fid no edleand. ut est iobhar fer. : Idedh -i- ut dicitur sio«eim fedha iobair crithuch. / uadaiph ainmnigter feudha itir ogaim uile Gaidilc 7 nochan o dainip lir ut aili dicunt. fedha taobomna co nd-ourba huath amal bes innister a n-aign^rt' cidh mor -i- bec Is imne isin 4315 Cin Oulk.//an ceithirtsliocht fedhair for fedhaib 7 taobhoumnaiph -i. oud saothaid -i- uch : no emancholl seim muin [Uch is (col. ut dicitur caol.^) tinn mo chorp Eg. ut dicitur tuathmar fidh -i- eithlend. ruis •i-i- Ruis dono : troum. YBL. lethchumang leth: i gutaibh.

Is Caiti a deimniug/^í/? : acht bi a aonur ar p.235/ii2 AURAICEPT t 7 Eg. Bouccad beithi.] Ni ansa. tinfé-í/ gach taobomna don 4325 is rempa do-ecaiph bogad boucí7<^ cuill.-Í2. Phatraig. doecam doib inti as airec bean ^-^ Patroic. sop tiní/e^ath. Ni ansa. . a gkrad. ar as uath bogas in 4335 b fil and ar ni bi p lasin nGaid//c. Airnin 4. conidh airdipí/<'?í/ fil and. 4345 b conngaib greim p. Seimugud dono for taophomnaibh 7 is rempa do-ecaip doiph. a thir. a cheun.samaigther b co tinfed ar Dicunt ali cona bi uath araon re b do [log /iV. in dad as f.. dhamsa. Amal ata ogin Laitneoir b cum aspiracione ponitur pro p -i.] cin^^us do raith. sail is seime ina [a] n-aill.] p p.a shail airdip-i. ni b co tinfed amal adberait araile. cloch doiph. Seimiugud b. amal Gaidilc 7 seimiugud for gnt/iaigiph [J Eg. ut est sroun. ut est [amc?/ no Eg. a oghda. ^'-''" MSS. Boccad b cetaviws amal ata Bhatraig. a f[h]eudha immorro -i. ut Presens : buxus pro puxus. Pidh dano tinfed ar gach taoboumna iní/sa Gaidilcc. Seimugud g. e in tres fuilled ^•-' -i- in baile i recar a leuss da 4355 uath''•'" » . a bheun.YBL. Seimiugud c.] . fidho «^" Gr.ni tét as air ec ni bí •i- J lancumang fuillius ind. bogad guirt.Í. immorro. ii. Forsail dono is in fuilled tdirxaise. Seimiugud tini^e. anibou 4350 7 pro ampo -i- b inntib sin ar p. Seimugud uathd. Seimugud immorro amal ata a fher -i. ata a Vh^Xraig . 20. Huath cetumus. 72iai7 235 lersin doibh do p 7 do c 7 do Laitneoir. Iss and acht uath baidhius in f^rn. Lat.in taobomna do hxicht 07U. ar cia beith uath and. bog<a. 4330 Seimiugud uatha. i- doberat for in son dia fattugud.sodh. [Ar at e teora fuillti in Uiraicepto uath 7 ed forsail J airnin Eg. dhuitsi.. 18 . domiter frisna 4340 ed rop<tí/ c//<?rt taopoumnaiph amal fidha sie fidhau. ar ni bi p lasin nGaidí-/. bidh -i- do duir ar 7 do gourt. Seimhiugud d. : A\rá\pdad (-i- o rodipad) fhir. Seimugud ar gutaibh J is rempu do-ecaiph doibh. magh.<iduir. : . a fhind.

. 7 i ogam. oin\ Geiphius greim fedha is ? Is consain i[s] taophomna ? -i- Caiti deochair iter indell 7 tindell ínt imcomíz/'c 7 tindell int ernedh. p /^ JffJ — <.72iu24 ?^^ í'í-/ taopoumna ar ni bi i- cení/. Asin Cin Ni ansa.438O cenmotha forfeuda a bfil deghafoghar na nguta.236 YBL.// toucc<7c/ in ghreus blog-sa -i- a corus forfedh. .ir eiia. oldas Laitianda aipgitir Grecdu. Ni ansa. Eg. In focal Is is aipgitir Gregda for 7 Ebra.235/3 37 gaip/</ AURAICEPT aimiw greim in dala n-ai. /i>. fidh 4385 x&wmaind and. caiti ? deochair itir oSúwnedh 7 cinwtech 7 4365 cinntecha son is Ni ansa. for- fedh fil Neim. Indell Cesc. ? Cesc. caiti fout ct gair inntiph? Ni ansa. coir cóir no amal ata feur eua a i fidh in anma a fhiodh airechda amal rogab mbreth<3:/M n€\med -i. airr<?^. 7 ni do chourp ind Uraicepta. [Teora foilcesta in ogaim is quert. fa bethi-luis-nion uair deoig irriachta.5 bfoclaip gairdiph. Cia haonfoucal gaibius ar na ceithri hernaile an Airraicepto cin nach 4370 dethbir tomuis na tarmortcind na fedha na iocal na forgnuisi? Lait/«zVas 7 Ni ansa. 7 gairtsuidigti -i- Fot n-aicenta quidini gairdi iar isna forfeudhaiph i suidiugud bfoclaip iet fecht and 7 fotaig fecht aile.' mí?rbuan Bis ag ugdar [da imluad Eg. Cesc. caiti fot et gair Amal •!• ata fil nemh. an is Cinnedh a n-aip^///r Gregdo ar Cin«tech[a] an aipgitir Cin«t^í-/ísom in cinntechem oldas ^X^gitir Eupm.n-aiccenta (236) et fot i bfoclaiph fotaiph 7 gair suidigthi i -i- bfedhaiph airedhaiph : gair n-aigenta 437. Nidat inonda suoin frisna da c\\VL^aid ^ X ' IHH *''' ® co ndefogur YBI. Fout bfeudaip 7 ^ forfeudhaibh 7 g^ir taopoumnaiph -ii i gairtshuudighti ar is lethaimser for thaophoumna do 011«. : laig láig. immorro. ut est cain cáin. -i- e in cethir sHcht fedaibh suidigthe for [for]fedhaibh fot .] eumhnad in ogaim. is Is aire is teora ioxxmzcstw ailii: ' no \mcest2i 4.^ía^o and.360 coir and ut dicunt fcrpai Cia haon fid bog blath huath. iieua I-aitne -'•'™ fe. Is iat sin treidhe coir do imchisin isin ogam.

Cia bat in defoghar xQwmaiji inrathoighti. ut est is buigi bis isna 4400 Cruas immorro i bfeudaibh airedhaiph nem. X. DÍ aimsir dono forsin nguth^íz^e iarum do. ar forfeudhaibh. teid. 7 bein dogeuntai de mina beth defoghur 4410 is amlaidh na forfedha. M'ind. Ipin fuat -i- i budein. ogaim beg. iphi. eghad sgnphend. idedh aund. amal ata peun. Neim aní/. 236ai6 7 AURAICEPT est. Sét an teínid immorro tre eughadh a sgnpend. si acuit. nathrach.\jnain. Eg. : naom. gairit 7 ni bi fair achd aimser co leth nama anas fouta. immorro. ar deudha ar a itir dtuc//m forfedha isin n-aipgitir in -i- do fregra do defoghur amal ata isnahip brr///aibh nemed geunmótha forfedha a bfil defougur na nguta Jr\o. : sircumplex four na sillabaib foutaiph. ui -i- seudu óir 7 sét conaire. Nemh and 'na ip//z>/ im and. connicc comard^d : Ceun. v. Lat. is aire sgript//«/- eghad and.: ' YBL. Eba-i. 128. Atmberat *-^~ araile *^ tactha Gr. forfedha. 4390 éua and no seut Is It'paid. ut est do. cumair sidhe mode.4415 inntib mota amal an in fed. an e glain eua and./ Min immorro. -i- Uilleand -i 4420 u a uile and. J dono do tseimugud foghair forsna feudhaibh. eua and in uis^i.eadhad pudhein./í. ut cst pnx 7rlo./ iar bfir. arbí^. ? Cionwus on 7 ebai a fidh in anma Is intan isberar fer Ni cotarsna inní sin arin defoug?/r. 4395 Min immorro. 72 2 a 33 23/ e glan : 7ierbi Gracia. fuit 7 g^ií" itber Laitneoir 7rl. Oir i- oun.3. Emhancoll emhnad col fuath -i- cuoill ^^'" emnaither and. is eugad icca sgribend-sidhe ar a cruaidhe. ar is ed ismbert f<?rfedhí?//^ : iscuimre foghair -i- isna feudhaibh 7 fot a -i- 4405 no forfedha firfedha for : no forfedhai fidh for fid inntib iat : : no forfedhai -i- eudha ar no-sechantais i"^i : no forna for a n-aild no forfeuda feudhaiph atat and for ail 7 dono it inan^a 7 na defoughair -i.four na sillabaib cuimribh. emhanand : couU and dicuntur araile : nim idedh fourfeudha idio •{ foirithnz^ na fedha fíl im fout.in defoghar fil inntiph. 22 eamhnoigther .

fo Eg.4435 greim -i- fidh a ndiaigh araile fidh bis araon re primfidh a íocuil no araon 7rl. toissecha coll an ix quam isin sail. et taophomna gaiphius greim da fidh et da taopoomna.236a45 7 oir is AURAICEPT fo meuáontm'o. u nec uocales nec consanantes habentur: no fidh Connaghar dano isin ogaim taopomna gaiphius greim feudha 4445 7 taobomna 7 foucail. /3) aire is coll roheumnad and 7 ni sail ar is ar p.q. et taopomna gapus greim quicc fed 7 dtaopomna. ar is coll indara taoboumna fil an X 7 is (col. Et da thaopomna gaiphius 7 da thaoboumna -i.ngeda/. 4440 Fidh gaiphius greim ut dicitur : bis a fid laphrus a eonar. ut est íeoW. Is e in fidh taopoumna na fedha na gaiphius greim taopoumna quidem -i. ^^^ gaip . beoir. 72 i b 19 dono ebad immorro is ita : ar fheudhaibh fotaibh atat : uilleand ar ar y í no ita is : ar ú is fo meáhontatg/i is ipin is meáhontaig- no pin coir and 4425 Emhancoll dono is ar x ata fri foimdin na íoca/ nGregda no Laitne do thaphairt isin Gaidilc 7 is aire raiter emhancoll friss. : re defogur i n-aontsillaib. -igreim fedha Taopomna gaiphius [greim] v bfedha 7 se dtaophomna 4455 beithi-luis-nin an i *^26 na om. ut diximus. [Ni ansa 4450 an taophomna gapus greim feuda 7 taopomna Eg?}^ Is Et taophomna gaibhius greim da fiodh 7 foucail -i. Briain. na geip greim taopomna na feudha na foucail ndiaigh araile. Fidh gaipius greim di thaopoumna zit aonfidh frecrus taopomnaibh. 7 taobomna na gheiph greim taophomna na feudha na foucail. dicitur focail gach -i- da tomus do taopomna ar i diph fidh. 4430 Connaghar dono in beithi-luis-nin 7 an ogaim caiti fidh gaipius greim taoboumna -i- an fidh ghaiphius foucail greim da thaoboumna 7 in fidh gaiphius greim in fidh na geiph foucail. 7 taopomna gaipius greim foucail. i no fidh tet a gconsanacht.238 YBL. gach da thaophomna ar fidh a thomais. 7 ^a taopomnai gaiphius greim se feudha. -i- 7 u. -i- Fiodh niabí?.

greim taobomna congaib Taopomna gaphus greim focail Taopomna na geibh greim taopomna na forpaidi.r hocht mbriathar and no bricht a iarsanni ocht sillaba and cenmota taobomna agin bfiiid 7 consain agin Laitneoir. taobomna die dtogaiph h cend conad fedha na focail -i- 4460 marbh do raith. Aenfid a ndialt. comarc -i- in (tres) sillab forsna fillis da tsillabrt:/^ Feiles baile fo lais na an lama duir. a secht a clouidemnas a ^^ nogabad "''' *^7» cf./ -i: -i- ^Wed filis luis -i- -i- lam fillti : -i- ata Wí\ed no fis no 4475 a cebe dibmus leisin mbfilid. uair is cudr?/wa di -i- tsillaib di gach leith de. de/. 4465 -i- claidemnus. a cethair a íheilius. \uipenchoussac/i. feiles. dibfrse : 142 «« . lin. -i- claonre. cis deach dochuisin Ni ansa.236/3i9 • AURAICEPT 7 ^^^1 Eg. da brithor' with/««f/. A houcht -i- dialt. a tri a n-iarcomarc. . ? Cest.- tres sut>. 72 2b3 239 i- duir i n-ait dinin disail. bricht. sail -i- cia nogap/!ír<7' 7 da thaopomna. ar dialt he in sechtmrtaT •i^ claidemnus.YBL. diultad in nnach bfuil alt and alt regcomrac -i- i gcomraicz'/ da tsillaib umann -i- (no) re iarsin 4470 -i- comarc iarsin •i- int alt tanaise. •i^ -i- brigh : a hoc//t brigh briathar \)xighx. dib fuigther intan sreth. Claonre -i- claon indara re aile. a do a 4485 recomarc. dialt : Deach : daghfuach focal intan is dagh is -i- maith co fuach -i- focal invenitjir. Ni machtnadh intan gaphus se greim na coic bfedh greim da fiodh tri dtaophoumna. YBL. iarcomrac.d. lir no uath budein. a cuig daenre^ a se a luipencoussach. do •i- ar an dara leth 7 a tri ar in leith •i- Luipencoussach 7 in an coss cona luibnib ádiib. Taopomna gapus greim -i- bfidh 7 ceithrz dtaopomna a n-inad for[s]ail. is : Daglifuach Dialt re -i- intan di fo regcomrac.regcomrac. largcomrac -i- iar comraigit comrac int alt iachtarach iar gach ndeighenach toisseacha. na -i^ coic meoir traig in •i- seissedh Claidemnus Bricht claidé'/// manus is vianus 4480 lamh. 7 claidem na laime in sliní/ean.

diximus. 7 anmanda uird airme immorro iar n-aigned. 4505 m emhancoull ar x no ar &mvíad. ceinmóta taobhomna andsein Is aire sin ni Is taWa in trefogur a nd-aonndialt. lasin bfilidh. coitchend 7 diles. Bunad quidem Defuach a inde.anmanda uird airme iar bproiss. amal rogabh a tri no a Caiti Is si sin in dethber airme anforbhthe fuillter cuig. tri e int ainm airme a no a ceuthir.240 YBL.sillab forbes cech deach dip «»» tallot »•*=' MSS. ut 4510 oní is deach us Grecuin nonien.troig o dialt go bricht. isini is fer. fuills . a hocht a mbricht.XQÚW(Ebaig 7 a se dec • emnaiti 7 txox'gid et aimsir agan Gaidel o dialt go bricht di araile isin Gaidilcc. aowHt//' a n-us (237) lughamh Rosaig dei sloindedh haonfid. bunad 7 in^/e et airbert. conidh i. 4495 Intan is ocht ndialta a mbricht : and ig it secht n-alta and -i- dialt co gceill cuig litri and a n-us -i- moam de. An troigh lasin Laitneoir dixit : •\- is deach a ainm sillabarum -i- ut Doiiatus Pes in et est et temporum conad troigi cert[a] enumeratio ita troig an chous airmideta derbh na a sillab na n-aimser icon 4515 síll<3'<^ -i- Laitneoir. sechta in ochta ind Uraicepto? is Ni ansa. ata lar n-Uiríí/recht ^ pin ar p. It iat na 4490 hanmanda uird airme priinus.500 in timarda iarww eba chena. sin. 236/342 AURAICEPT Eg. ruidles Ni ansa. Muimn?> so. ata na x feudha. conid Caiti x samlaidh. secundus. ceilli comhlaine. Ata dono airmideta derpta a et ceithri á^sxWcEbaig houcht \. ut 7 indles isin bfoucal is deach? prodiximus. A airbert -i. Cidh fodera cotarsanai na coig feudha hixúWiucht aile? secht fedha 7 na x bfeuda Ni ansa. ar nach o chouitibh. ni iss luga defoughar ind Ni iar : la 7 Gréugda defougar 7 ri^.fto. tersius : a tress •i.72 2b38 da. ea oi Na : cuig fedha '^ cétumus ag fregra dona cuig guthrt'4''^b -i- t//c na secht fedha fregra dona defograiph tuc ipin ar defougar. a lagat co is Cid sin 4.

minabdis ecsamla) YQ>zail doilphdi so isin pfoc?// is mo yWt tf^i. Gach laiget i. lit[ir] is luga). Ni airm////^r h isna foclaib deighenchu. cia roich dialt a meut ogus a -i- laighet ? Ni ansa. rodolpset 'vMd na Gaidhilcci et na Laitne a n-agaid araile dia mbreith re 4525 sechtu. et bricht epaid. 7 cecha Gaidilci o dialt conna n^^^''•' ^'^ dian Laws 140. 24: Conttib.on íocail. tit est teinerifficabiletudinetatibus. ar ni lit/r fiadha 4545 non est litera seut nota amal adbert in Laitneoir : H spiracione -i- nochin Tinfed fuil -i- uath conidh litir -i- acht ata conid -i- not úxÁid. dialt co ceill andsin. ut dixit Luachra Mac Da Cerda sain- : Dam congair iter da a. 73 i a i8 24I a hocht samlaidh a mbricht conid airmideta deurph sin 4520 o ha.— YBL. Cesc. et bracht -i- iit est: — 4540 Conberbtar brachta [A Eg.onts'ú\azd conicce a houcht. ?// í'j/ a 7 i o -i- a sleibhe 7 7 inis i I Cholaim Cille. ut est fianam«//echaradharírti 7 inrocomrairc- nigsiomairwe Jrlo.^{ isin Gaidilcc. Rosoich dano co a cuicc a mét. coic Htri is mo do. p. Fongluaisi glaodh gulp<2«da. Deich co houcht [i] mbricht 4550 he meud i^*^-* cf. suh conberbaim airmend . -i- amal ata A' Chuisi anman«a'a sleibhi A' Chairtend Sliab riud. Teoj'a sillaba x isin bfoc/// is mo isin Laitin.237ai6 AURAICEPT Eg. tinugud fedha neimtniugwú^ a chor as do raith. 47: Stokes' Crit. o 4530 Rosouich a laighet co haonfiodh comlaine forciní/ 7 7 is i ag sloin^edh cheille 7 ioncul -i- so. Ocht s'iUaóa (-i. Is waXXach int 4535 arganda (-i- La (•i- tricha segh os) lurganda. ut est flesg 7 triosg. -i- sgailp. Feisi gan lachta Nac^ fuor tnu (-i- teine). tracht.\ n-ebron bru. brisg. dialt 'iarujn imatormrtz"^ fria araile cocumaong cech 7 is a.

Mod (it) gach ferda.in ceol is mo ina in ceol is luga amal rogaph ant aidhpsi a nDruim Cheutai no mo a fedh a n-airdi intan is tourand no caint. 4555 uin^si. oun^ar. traoth<'?í7. Toth •igach (col. ar ni bfil nach focal Gaidilici na bud indip-sut dano. 237a36 AURAICEPT -i- Eg./ is : no et tai a is edh intan a is fouta ron-cluine no ronaile tai isliu qiiani n-aill. Etargairi a n-in«sgib is e. Moth -i.gach ball ferrda 7 gach cuma ferrda.cronan no certan no toth taoi a edh no a oudh Tuaith acht : : 4560 4565 4570 : 4575 : intan is fem/. Traoth gach neotcr. gach handa indsgi.gach cuma neimecuscdai no dano is bunad gacha Gaidilcci dialt acht mouth touth traoth. iar la bPeraib Bolg moth. touth. is i. Traoth<^í/-i. Toth •itai a oudh an ceol mbec a n-athfheugadh an ceoil is mo -i. neotor lasin : uiní/se. co gcumangar do gach dialt diph Isin mbricht a mbit ocht : s'úlal^a. gach feirindsgi. Masa cen^/. (eimi'u. Toth cach banda. 73 2 a 7 athgap«/7diplínaiph iarna tinol deach. Madh iadsidhe is iat fein ata bunad and.: 242 YBL. -i- Toth -i- ar a- ni traothait na : ciuil isli -i- na ciuil ardai sdocairecht no 4580 is cornairecht no troeth a traothaig.gach cumai neimnecht(?rda -i. iar macaib Laitneoir : Miled : masgoul.gach neutírdai -i. Iss ed is moam Jem cheuna ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil no dono ni dat dialta it/r amal ata moudh mo a odh -i. iss ed bunad gacha Gaidilci Jrlo -i. Is e punad gacha Gaidilcci dialt moth toth traoth. De Danann.gach (no nacli) nectorde -i. caiti in cxnel dianat bunadh ? Ni ansa. ^) mbannda no gach bauU bannda et gach cuma bannda oulchena. traotus intan cruit : fo bith is caile 7 is cxuaidJA quavi ani aile fria is traoth no -i- traoth '•'"'' treith banindsci lus^hai eudh no a odh ^•'*"'•5'** feugad feimin ferrdai \'BL. gach neotarda. ni bun ^*^ cach ^''^•^ cumma *'"^ feman femin . is eudh.ar ni dialt is buonadh doibsidhe ar ni bunad aonreud do budein nuo nit dat bunadh Gaidilci indso acht it bunad cecha ceniiiil.

luas . -i- tai odh intan -i- is tai et c/uam Troeth tr3iOÍhaid is in dias aile intan is stocairacht fo bith is airde a faidh aire is traotha doiph. ut est dair 7 cair. Cidh ara dtugs//. a deimhniugud? Ni ansa. Corab cach da tis cis.^ **'"* recomarc •!• *'*^" condail '*'•' fri cach indsci ^air dialta arata ar a ctnd .' touth 7 traoth -Í- anmanda : bannda is amal itbeir in Laitneoir et Nomen 4585 Dieinbri uirilis et nomen meimbri mulieris íocail nomen membri a Laitin ata naturalis J at Grecdu nadat issin cias deismerecht dip 7 is aire dialta. ar ata tuigsi cé\n€íacJi and (no ?ita inntib). gach Gaidilc uadh Ni bunad immorro e 4615 Ni dialt *^ *xto failt-. J ni c&nelach dialt[a] archena andsin. Ismberat araile comdis 4590 anmand aidhmz' Moth mo a odh biníJ^e -i- ciuil. dono cia madh iadsum adberdis ar aird suond./. duine -i- mouine. Is bunadh an dialt do ar ni bunad in reut do huáhéin. 237/316 AURAICEPT 7 Eg. is intan is isliu cruit. tiar 7 ciar. Cesc. Domiter an airchetail alta fri uadh halta fri halta daine toimsigter alta fri duine amal fri toimsigtir gach dialt n-indsge. 73ib6 243 ball masguol ferrda et : no dono moth 7 neotí?. fein sechtair. sic domiter gach n-indsge.// Is aire {ozlu sin ar aird sech gach ndialt archena? na eimh 4610 dus-fug-sidhe. lebhar is 7 remhar. cindus domiter fri gach n-indsge? Ni ansa. fr/sgara araile. mona ^'^. i Toth n-aill. ar ni failit o neoch 7 tot 7 ni ía'úter uathaib acht mina Caiti is nderntrt'r mot for moth for toth 7 troeth for traoth. tuas 4605 7 corab gach da regcomrac frisgara 7 araile. cidhad dialta. dialt -i- Is e so tra a chumair is he bunad 4595 ar gacha Gaidilci he do gach ents'úlaib o regcomarc co bricht 7 ni bunad tot traoth 7 is amal roghaph mot i gach ndialt tugait-sidhe ndialt. 7 is ed a cupaid intan -i- comfid focal imfrí-^rra comhde[ch] in tarmfortcind. 4600 -i- ar fogabar a chondaiU ut dixinms. ut est 7 aingeal Iss daing^. ar sunda J is aire rothogait-sidhe sech friu dochuaidh menma comdis regcomrac.YBL.

cisne. deiliugud na bfiodh n-airedha isinn aonfouc^r/ na n-indaithmech. tresna. ut Ros -i. 4630 gidhed chena. tar. Ismberat araile comad aire na budh bunadh It Gaidiige. sechna fira forsna 7 f<?roiph. ainm ballorb. fis oghai na bfiled -l 7rl. e [v Egi] gne in berla thobaigi -i- •i- berla Feine J fasoighe (238) 7 iarmberla 7 beurla n-etarsgarta 4620 7 berla {ortcide na bfiled tresinn aigillzV gach diph araile.Eire 7 amal rogabh 'san Imagallaim in Da Suadh no in Da TudiVad: ni Brimow smitrach • { -i- brigh briathar 7 mon cleas : sm&trac/í 4645 -i- i- smit íovrach {ourrach neich o smit a cluaisi filid fo cleas briatharda donidis na ^6« fasaid -"^^i daigin ecxxaig go bfourrgitis aicille ^^ ^^^ an rofhas ^^'^ ^^^'^ tighi fhasas ^" fordorcaidhe do taradh egnaidh . tre.raidh as intan is marbhusge forsa mbi ros luas 7 ros uis^i -i- : no roíhos intan is is roas intan ros lin -i- ar a -i- ar a tighe fasas. na fedhaibh airedhaibh -i. 7 iarmberla de ara secucht heidir a fa iter ara cruaidh/ amal uair ni thaithmech. : -i- no na lurga fuach fresna. 7 tra. cesc. 7 dono. fona. fair lermberla dono cuic (no coic) -i- rum. No iarmberla lar mac Nema triasa bfil tria arrainic Berla n-etarsgarta deoigh 7 ní fedtar a thaithmech. 7 atat. co. fo. ar ni dialt itzV he 7 ni bunad Gaidilge teipide aroile acht dialt. etaill uassal 7 ar a 'imrum -i- a«fam d'iomraw go risuw an inis uasal -i. et. Berla Feine tra -i- in Feinechus no araile berla robui dliged firfurtacht ag Feinius ar Fasaigh -i- leith. Berla fí?rtc/^i na bfiled 4640 ford[or]chaidhe amal ismbert in filidh a sgoil Feiniusa etaill -i- -i- etaill aro 7 í inis. in. catiat. es.berla 4635 est (ros) re os intan is ros coiUe.: 244 (no YBL. 73ibx do budein. cair. re. 4625 na diailt n-eterleime. Gne -i- n-aill do iarmberla acht. isna. et Is aire raiter iaran<a^. ballorb 7 is -i- ball d'fírp^ na filidechta occa muirwi i- miruine -i- do cdSíaidi?. cislir. uí est e. ierum. 7 hautein ouccus. 7rlo.237/3 46 iat) AURAICEPT Eg.

*66i haistib. in sétrad.— YBL. in laid. anaor anair -i- Nath -i- -i- no in</sge a n-aor no an-air is aon a is Laidh -i- -i- laitzV : no luater intan -i- aor : no onni lapus moulad no laid lí suad no leth fedh fedh co leith intan is luipencosach fo do reith. Anomam -i- an a 4660 somaine reisna haistibh roimpi. set ^«"^ llgiu . alta O ssen anond is o deachaibh 4655 tslointer fidh hiar. 7 co na ba berla fo leth eiU'r. 238a23 AURAICEPT rigi. samlaid (imthá) ig it e andso lorga foc/^/ biti a ngeiniph -i- na bfiled fousugud o 4675 i- d'foucu/: lorga fuach biti lorga foucu/ remtsuidu/ est iugud desilIíZ'í^ach : iter da comuaim /rlo. iarcomarc [a bairdne ar na rob aisdi in. Cormac Im ba sesach im ba seng >«» ^''*' iwach is «59 labhus ^'^ o -i. /3) satis ina lighe. 73 2 b 31 245 -i- nech tria smíot a chluaisi do ta. in anair. in sainemain. in anamain. Ismberat 4650 forrach smit ai (?) araile comad he in berla Feine fasoighe na bfiled.rramg-: no sm'idrac/i 7 smit cluas Is e in rach coiged gne in ainm in cleasa sin. lorga Lorga fuach -i. gnathberla fogní do chach. focul. -i- di fo á'mltad connach cutroma a hai reisna haistibh O sin anond -i- 4665 ono sechd primaistibh imach is ios o deach adrimtar -i- ni dona -i- dea.lourga focul arusc reire -i. séd rith -i- Setrud séd raid no lethraníjf rith iar seut cin -i- cuibdius cosin ndeighíwach. -i- ar -i- na rob indsge cumusgai.cható foricfa 7 is uathaip ata ainmneach<3'í/ doip dialt a forbai cech rain<3?e in duain J regcomrac a casbairdne Eg:] J íorpai' a bforduain.^?sgi cumusgcdhai ar na rab prois amal 4670 na ndaorbard. Sainemain -i- saine a maine risna aistib -i- romaind. Eg.molad cumusgc YBL.amal biti lamhaip daoine iga n-imfouWw^ o port do port i arna dtaoth- (col. Dian dion no dian aápo/ an oile. -i- Alt go bfeiser cia halt dona secht n-altaib uad i[n] nath. in dian dona dianaiph.

tot •i- ua buo bo. duine for dia tir. Inanda immorro irlanda ferindsge Is aíre 7 banindsge Si. di mnai. he 7 atat immorro irlanda qí?//cenda iter ferindsge 7 4710 banindsge indsin. i -i- teora. hog. is ed. ceitheoram -i- ceitheora mna. 7 deiminsgi hic. herlond ferindsgi dano ^^ don abaind . imtha samlaidh arsisiodhar an 4700 : indsge dona deich n-airlondaib-si no í. ceitheora urlanda banindsgi andsin di It -i- is is si in bean. Se. Tét duine iarum isinn sin fuotrugud don uisgi. -i- Se o -i- is he an da da fher. Teit iarum fothrugud uisgi. 238^5 AURAICEPT -i- Eg. ceithri i- urlanda ferindsge indsin. teora mna.«ad nai for in dia nádimad fair. dolleici in duine ceusadh aphainrt'. Fertot ara cheile briathar gnimach son in gnim dia uisgi. imach. 74iai5 A II t dialt dixit — n-eterleime Cia leith co aontsillab iter iar gcuairt 7rlo. 4685 Fertot a tealgud nae -i. ol in tond 4695 dogni an tom\d frisin duine. ceithri -i- 4705 ceithri tsi/í fir. da chomuaim. ut dicitur . im ba' he in lorga fuach 7 in 'ba' in dialt n-etarleime.: 246 YBL.' Dia nda. dai. lasin Laitneoir. In adharc duph bís di arsisider in gai. Iss ed isbeir-sim dano fertom ferde dam. fairsium o nach aile ailiter. 4680 piaM ' 'Cia' iter 'lound' 7 7 leth ' an dialt n-etarleime. da. uoch (no och) -i- 'mds'm. fer. Is ed immorro irlanda deimindsge. ar is nae tir -i- árnne. e andsin irlanífa ferindsgi 7 banindsgi tri. Aurland dano ainm fonn gai. briathrtr cesta fris. go ged an anmanda fcrí-machta do soun do foghar in geinemnai rohainmnigter. is d'airell in gai. hec. ut dicitur iss ed in ceund fir. doleici fai -i- don hruach sis ainm don foghar Tot tot. nach sint^r sech a : ceithr/. tri tri fir. donn doleigi sis don aile 469«) bruach isinn i Arfaomsi eutach imat o neoch -i- ssuidi.a tealgud duine. ' Ita dono lorga fuach is dialt n-etarleime isin rand. airisider is gach indsge It dona tri hirIon</aip-si -i- is e.

YBL. is de airsisiodí?. tri. freisHgi foghair no ercro erlapra 4725 Cuig flUte go hogfegait xx a reim Caite iat i- a cuig. segait ut dixit fer diall ata andso Eg\ Fer a a ainmniugud.inand 7 a ofilatiuus (•!• ainmneachadh) •i•[• •i^ ainsed uocaliuus (! inand 7 a tobarta) inand 7 a geni//7) foxia togairna . filliud Cuig ina v fillti XX l reimmgiud an anmo do XX ta V fhegait na fih'd. na fer. Afir 7 xx pro feugait an^si. Is e urland indsge andsin. 7 a et togarto. : ar ni bi erlan^/ cethair. hoc -i- do iter nemtor masgal uathad 7 CoiUend immorro doib est 7 feimin neutor o cethair imach.« iter uathadh 7 ilar./ad. ar fer a fir aircill. (-i^ 4730 a ndeilb geinit// a secht a ndeilb 7 a tri i togarto : 7 fir.^^.?adh ? asamberat cach diph do coma budhein A •i^ nai dib a ndeilb ain. di. na fir. iarlain<^.. da. foxlada tri a n-ilor : fillti) n-uathad fer. 7 hic. masgal iter iter uath<7í/ 7 ilar Si.ceitheora 4720 di feim.. v anmando occu aroile indsln. doYBL. sis.^ -i. illegible twminaíiuus genitiuus (iatiuus fer) 'i- ainmneachadh (•!• fir) •!• sealbad tobarta ('i- do fior) acusatiu\u'\s {A.da •i- gan Gne ilor : Se. saorda olchena. dilis na n-i. ar rs do is ainm cro n-aill : in gai. ai anmon<^rt.remsloní/z^^ in da fher banindsge no ferindsge no deimindsge urlanda 4715 airell airslin. fir a fiur a aitrebh. co iliair neuotur yiargin YBL. in a selpad. : cethair (•i- ^"^-^^ VBL.. ut : v fir.. -i-.ainm bis a^riní/ ria '&Xxtmen an gai : : áxdiu -i- iarial -i- iar« bis. 74 2ai2 247 aontaíghius deimin<^sge a n-urlan^aibh ut dicitur -i: ilair -i- da nem. 238^33 AURAICEPT Eg. hai na úlid re uama na (239) [7 xx Ni tri gne ansa.. o ^^-^i a foxal. na fira a n-ilor. tri. a a togairm. Is edh reidhe inde cach anma 7 XX gne olchena. hec. indsgi •i- no urland indsge -i.me<aí'a 7 ainseda. v mna. YBL.in gai fo deredh. og fir a n-uathad (ri rei. 4740 fir do fior ^"'•' •*"-' 4-3i» a dhan. Tre brectr^'í/ ciall remsuighther friu no is 4735 ed sedhait ac eimniugud fillti na fuach i^ na focla -s^ •i- cin ainmniugad a n-airemh.

-i- Feughthar dono a fir na delpa-sai fon gcuma cetnai a tuar. repeats asgn. -i- fer ciall tuarusgbail -i- ainmniugud. uair a.im MSS. 239CII2 AURAICEPT i Eg.4760 i aroih'ph and. na fer a selpad. iphin bis inntib maraní/.'m?/miugud ag ainmnechrt'^f. fer a inotacht is inand fri ainmnechrt^. [in est co fer. dona feraibh a danad. og fer a íuirmiud. an fer a incousg. o fior a (oxa/ •[ digbail. 4745 frisin bfer a tormac/i fer inand 7 Is a- dhan^zadh. s/c íu sequentibus : fer didiu eba a fidh an cin an.a. iphin and o fiur./^gbail. Airnin arding defid nemhfidh. ar ni bfil acht reim ceille nama cach Eg7\ mbaile a marand fillt. conid aire sin itmberar idheth no iphin. it a n-ainmniugud.7/ in fíd bis a n-ainmniugud cach baile na isna tsios. ar fer a fresgabail. alt e a guta. geinitz'/ selpad. fer a freisHgi do. -i- Ar 7 teora forbaidi docuisin lasin nGaidel airnin íorsai/ 7 dinin disail. tre fer a a tregdad. idhedh and (amal) in sequentibus. dialt 4755 iter a deach. a fidh ina 4765 Dinin at e disail a ioxhaid i- aiccent lasin Laitneoir. acht -i- -i- deredh na : bfocal : no defidh no -i- is taobomna no is 4770 forbaid. re feur a n-ilar fo fer a {outhuc/ a inotachta uathaid./. 74 2a3 7 asgnam.«(T«n ag foxla ag dibail no ag fagail. síc Is aire didiu na hairim eubhai ina reim cia dobeith iit n. Dinin disail ar gair geip/í/ -i- -i- gaib/í/ fair con/^/gairit. tselpad no ina reimh intan mberar ata a ar bit a ndis and ina reim. ag t'mnlocud. im is fer a timcell. tobart/z/í/ gair. i fir. : Son aonconngbalach ipfin in and in da is- s'úlaid idedh no fir. a'ms/d ag faicsin. Forsail for fout feudhair forsail -i- tairgither fair conit -i- fota : sail (no ail) fair aimser sech an qumair. for fer a fortad. 4750 na ag fir fir a incosg. remudh. Idedh immorro no reim no ina tselpad.248 YBL.//. dib- . togar. la fer a thaophda. Airnin arding defidh *'^- dered na {oca/ no defidh ^™' -i- 4775 YBL. dar a tairrsge. iar bf(?r a tiarmoirecht is inand 7 a inatacht.

sron. ar is nin sgriphthar ag incosg na forbaidhe sin.YBL.iii YBL. ut cst slogh. ar is nin ainm 4790 : coitchend da gach airnin -i- litir iter is feudha 7 taophoumna sail is no in sail nin fair. -i- V>\mn -i- ni fidh. ar he nin cettaopomna riam Forsail i- rohairccí^^ in forbaid sin. is Cesc. ut est res. 4785 forsail 7 for na lám . fri and 4780 in sgriptar na forbaidhe so uasa rellugud fuit no cuimre no fri tendrt:^. ar gen go memfidh YB1. Dinin disail ar gair geibz^. uair amal itber Laitneoir acuit for na sXWaba cuimbr^. 7 is gach timorta olchena. acht fot taobhomna íorsaíl íor : no is forbaíd íorsail for : feghair -i- tairgither.z á\sail forsna fotaib. bis airnin araon re forsail 7 re dinin disail. ut est pax. : Arnin arding defid tít est cend. ar sgribhthar nin fil fa deoigh and fil aire sail ar forsail. 7 amal bis graif ar gach sic aoneipíTt iLfoclach hacuit 7 la sircumplex. for fot feghair is (Is) : sinedh n-aimsire doforne s amal tiumort^^ 4795 : tornes duir no forsail -i- forfuillí?^ an foucail conid fouda no forsail sech in qumair. est fer. Ismbeurat araile as aire sgriphthar duir a ndinin 4800 duir fil disail. Airnin -i- eirnzV/ nion : no airni/^ i- nion fair. ar forsail. dtoimsigt//í'/' iar n-aiccned. 239«39" AURAICEPT ís Eg. ut cst la cwxmxib. 7 sircumplex for na sillaba foutaibh. ar is sail : ar in medhon qumair. sic dober an Gaidel dini. ut est (col. Intan sgripthar ainm ogaim. 74 2a35 249 nemfidh. glend /rl. ler. ar is ar tus a ndinin disail 7 is is aire sgribthar 7 is nion ar airnnin. 6d ut íaáa.. Disail ni 4805 haimsir fota no diail nemforail i nemhfhuill/W. fair. bac. and. ni acht is -i- forb<^?/V/. di fo diultad Dinin sail disail is i- and connach nion cownacJi -i- sech duir : no dinin disail disin difuillm^ nemh- fuillíW. ar ni X. sroll 7rl. in ar tomus tuccait Iss suoun^/ in íoucul feur? ed eim. toimfota ^~'' ^'W din/. ut est cend. uel ut alii dicunt áisai/ \- Ail i- aimser iur^W sech nin. *»'• no ^» gin . ar is sgript[h]ar ag incosg na forbaidi sin.vXc'íitis chena. ^) fear.

og na fir. fri bfer a tiarmoracht. tre file : fer a tregdadh. Iss ed a lion -i- : a tri a n-uathad. i feur a inoutacht. amal ata airc-^et^z'/ co bfeisser cia halt dona secht n-altaib an go bfeisair i[n] nath. Cesc. is fer a tuar- usgbail. na budh ar tomhus 4810 fedha 7 dobsrta sound acht ar deo[c]hair •i- iter forfeudha fot n-a. 7 a tri a n-ilar. Tiagait a bforgnuis feudha. conid se samlaid a tri fer. in da fill/«^ dec dibh tieghait a bforgnuiss aim/ineda J ainseda. caitiet a n-aradnai foraib o mberar gach ai dip cum a dhilis fein ? Berat eicc^« uair delpm/ 4820 filltechíz. og fior thobart^í/í? fior 7 Ío^Xada ^^"^ "'*^' ****' a fior a fuirmí'^. a tri a n-uathadh a n-iolar is -i- na feur. im fer a timceall. J ainsí^í/a. (Dar) lemsa nocha lanbr^f. Fot suighighti alt -i- 7 gair n-aiccm'd a bfedaibh airedhaibh. frisin bfer a thormach. fir. ut dixit in Is iat so in da úUtec/í dec. \\kh punc/. J a secht a ndeilph thobartha J foxlaidae. ^«' toborta. da[r] feur a thairrsgi. ferind.sge 7 -i- 4815 Gne fillti n-ail do do banindsge andsou. is na fiora.239i3i7 AURAICEPT Atmberat araile Eg. tegait del. It e andso ind anmanda •i- ar fer a aircioll. ar atcout<«r alt saorda and fefr/ar a chouwail. Na secht bfillti. fir. iar 4830 fer a tsechmall. tiaghait a bforgnuis a aitreuph. . for fer a fourtadh. in anuir 7rlo. ^>«i a llin ^a» aimnedai geinitil 7 togartodh ^'^^ ^^ >«•» a a n-anmondo fiiir **-^ airchell nocha.'igm'd J gair suidhighti a bforfedhaib.— : 250 YBL. 74ib23 -i- sighther iar saordat^/í/. 48-35 A'mfuneda ocus ainseda. Cuicc fichit a reim a cuig go hoghfheughait na fihd a bfillzW re uama na hai 7 fiché' gne saordu áono in xx gne saorda sin. amal ata fer. go fer a asgnamh. An xx gne do saordai sin deimin eim he so a n-aradhnrt/. A x dibh a forgnuis aiwuneda J aon diph a 4825 forg[n]uis geinit// J toghartíra'rt'. i- immorro. sech feur a freislige. fo a atcotar firai •«« condail ^*-^J i »«« uamai. saordai n-aradhn- YBL.

Cinwus didiu a radh comad ipin fiodh in a^^ma is fir. in fidh is Dilis fidh a is is dilis defoghar -i- 4870 and an foghar toisech. dono int -i- ar is reim gach isb^r i tuissí'/ is on ar ipin suond. ipin ina togart<7/</ 7 ina foxlaid. hon^Wtech immorro ut dixit in file : teit a forgnuis toghorta 7 geinitli. ebadh a fiod. do fir fir a díghpail. 7 dilius feuda a bfidh. 7 iphin a fidh ina reimim dLÍnninid sis : no don fir.guthai£-e inna comaccoinal frisna guthoighibh oile. In fer a tusdighe tiar tsoir Do tsealpad.239^4i fouth^í/. Cidh ini is ipin and (?) -i. ar is o idhedh doinsgain ip[h]in. 4850 Ogus doib araon ni ricc Gus mad int aon don fichit Is iat sin in fiche gne saerda con a n-aradhnaib corraib forra /rlo. iar fir a 4840 thiarmoirac/ií. del. ar n[i] hairmither foghar deighenach. Eba immorro a fidh ina ain^unid J ina n-aini-/<^ar chena. •'^^'' :i adanadh YBL. ar hi cetlabra i gach -i- a 7 iachtí?í/ gacha mairb ach : dilis fedho fidh dono ed in dilis in forfidh bfedhaib -i- ogaim amal ata secip fid ina sgripthar. Dilis fedha Caiti dilius feudha a bfeudhaibh. do togharta/í/^. AURAICEPT fir Eg. oiredha with no ispin YBL..74 2ai6 2$! fir do a danadh.: — YBL. uí poeta — Is iat so na secht fiUtí. ria a reimnwg^d. idhedha ata. **"* . fri a fhresgabail. Nit ernaile adhmillti. ^^*-' aidhmiUte iiuncí. no is idhedh ina tsealpad 7 ina 4855 thogairm. qumusg nobeith 4860 is ididh glan fil and? and -i- áinin áisail a forbaid ina tsealpad -i- in fir. (240). Fer á'xdiu. idedh no iphin ina reim no ína tsealpad. 4845 Tobharta ocus foxladha. 7 4865 dilis fid i bfedaibh? i bfedoibh cetumus is i- a bi is riasna ceithri guth^^aibh oiliph. ar Ni ansa eim. ^^^' geinitli written out *'*•"''' coraibforra íoxal- ^*-'* fid oiredha. Tiagait a ngnuisibh glana.

-Mx\ondl beunurlond. Caiti int erlond is iarlond. ed a fogh^r ica luosgadh. sdip. int conid he -i- irlound is iarlound urlond is remlond antan rosauoigh ? lar co haireill. nemurlond. 7 int iarlond urland. buo on geim nobeith factuni est 7 fer dotuit aund J bou comad a gedh comad on gedh ghoutha 4885 : dobir as nobeith. amal Is itá condall. amal isber in Laitneoir -i- Noinen de suono t fourcaomnagair Iss int ainm don foughar. 7 int urland [-i- remlond sin int Urland is in gai urlond Eg^ fodeisin.] -i- heari Aurland a ndis ind Aurlanda ceithre : ind eum et [a nemh Eg. -i- O ts'm anoni^ iníS^sgi is o dedLchat'ó tsloinnter -i- cumusgda o sin anounfsf uadh na rab do defuachaib [-i- 4875 do deghfoclaib. sis : masgail feimin andso Se.] go ged do'ib -i- anmanda sin rangaut^r na filedha tre Qa. Caiti an -i- toiní^. dha. Aurland indsge in gai. 4900 Caiti urland urlainne a n-urlaind Ni ansa.252 YBL. a x\. grainde in is gai. ar iar gach 7 ndeigheunrtc/í. stip. lairge Lourcca fuach -i- no lourgaidhe : reimtsuígiugrt</ detsillaebach bis riasna da chomuaim ica saorí^íf ar da gne 4880 [ernail E^.\a. oni. Eí buo bo [7 E^. ar na rab indsge cumusgda -i- amal dogniat na daorbaird. 75 i b 6 aisti dona secht n-aisti bprimda na is filidhechta do gne do thomhus. do airell gai is int eurland saorda foghaprtr conid Caiti in erland -i- aicc«<7í/? Ni ansa.] -l fogair 7 claon ceille. [Ni ansa Eg. Ni ansa. Urland Indsge 4895 indsge do nach bfasand indsge in acht aonindsge indsge bais? is ? Ni ansa.dam Fertout -i- do reir foughair.] nou a n-ifféTn. E^:] tsloinnter aisti in airchetail. Fertout a tealccud nea. aire sin rainicc stipula do anmoim do icon Laitneoir. dib- tri. -i- Tout d^no nonien de suono factunt duine oga legad for in guth trom doni an 4890 ainm. 4905 '*'* cumuscdai ^™ remtsuigh '**^-' ^*^" forcaomnacair . urlond ilair -i- Urlond an fir. Si. \iox\aind& Ferurlond. iarlond doteis.240al7 Alt go bfeisser -i- AURAICEPT go bfesor an alto is Eg.

Ínt aitreph ni bi ant aitrioph cin 4915 int indotacht int ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh . is fidh four. (col. bfilid Cia bricht a mbit ocht bfeudha ocon leithe. bunad ruidliusta in foucail is aipgitir? Apexedebam. Caiti Iss indsge in cend. Cia immorro a radh ris iarna buain de.4930 \QXV[\aigh indala fogh^r.YBL. 7 is In : foucal treghdad 7 is aitrioph J indotouacht . Cia baile bfogapar in fidh fourtormrtzV/^ iar Ni ansa. í/t congeiph an aonguta greim a ogleth andsin 7 ni certleth litrioch aile. ceitheora inanda insge airme o 'úat'r tsin imach. eutorra. [na] gabh taoboumna na feudha na foucail? Ni ansa. Cie taopoumna gapus et foucail? greim greim Caiti Ni ansa. J se for in duine. In na n-ocht sAWab isin bfoucal is briocht? baile a mbi deufougar isinn ochtmad dialt. h. ed Is saorda a radh. conid treghdad o tuoiní/ go tuoin</ techtus. -i- est sliachta et is a aonar a n-aghaidh 4920 na secht Cia baile in Uraicept[a] idta in sealp«<3f saordu cin reim -i- acht reim reimraiti.24oa4i di. ut est luis ailme no bethe ailme sealpad i ita do ailm bail a isin bethe 7 isin luis? Cia baile threothaip? 4925 bfoghapízr comtath condsained cen tinfed Ni ansa. copula con lit/r literarum per se : -i- ita in aipccitir ina legití'ra *9os -i- comtinol cona comfialus a litera oni is ainm tighe aroile anmanda aitreupus a dtraigh na geb a n-uatha *«!•' n-ernailedh ^^^ sliachtai •'™ defoar «'« fedhai *"^ taoibomnai . Eg. asgnam ar ni bl in tregdad gan . /3) aiccenta 4910 haonfoucal regcomarcach isna remend• aiph gebes eungradus ? i- greim ceithri n-ernaile dona is reimeundrtz'^^ Ni ansa. Quert. tsaorda fogbur conid aicc^n/<2? ar as Ni ansa. 4935 id est : taopoumna Cia taobomna et feudha Aipgitir. 75 i b 40 253 teora. ni bi asgnamh cin an treghdad. urlrt'//<^ Is andsin fogabar comrargai ogaib acht i neuUiir {• cen ind iolaír n-uathííd namd. An iit i mbi ni« ria ngourt gan guthaigie bfourp^ est uinge.. AURAICEPT .

Condagar bunad 7 di 7 inde 7 airbert. haiile 7 pa caine in gach berla dona dib berlaibh Conid airesin doraisealpaí/ do.8i9 AURx^ICEPT / gibe fis Eg. ingen Forain^ conid dia hainmside raiter 4970 Sguit amal adrupromar.\\nigte eile ar sech : a n-inde i no comad in airbert an focal anaithnz^^"^ -i- tinscetol 4955 no tosach no comad na uile i a n-airbert Egi\ réim dia rosuigidh : foucail ut. ^'^' thar Sgouta. : Beurla n-airperta : diles dona consainib ruidlius coitchend dona do guth<^^aibh : litriph indh'us lugaií/í? a tapairt for lethgut^/^ intan legait 7 for ni as as a \7ide. ar inntib nosgripta ar d^us. cidh be ''•*'' ainm tige. A hairpert Aipgitir taprt/rt four nach inde. conid airesin sin 'i. coimmilt. Ar is he sin 4965 rotoXhhistar ant aonbeurla do teip^ asna hilberlaiph dona mba Ixx. is nech adchi tegdus cecha healadna.YBL. 4960 7 IN tiasca do fedhaibh for deachaibh indsgibh 7 7 reimeund(í//. 75 2a24 a maura dienad hainm Molosus n-anman^a sin foillsigt/zé?/' do seud iarum fouillsigius sin. onamaim. is coitchend 7 ó\\es rudlius 7 indles áon fouca/ aipgitir Bunad eim dano a 4950 dno -itoirne epe ugdíz/r: no eipe icon ni tor. conid de dogarar 7 Gaidil. .: 254 YBL. 7 forbaidh/í^ 7 ^\taibh J eutargairip amal roshuidhigti la ?i\eáaib na sgoile ceuta robautrtir ag Feinius ^diurvsaidh ia[r] dteip^ na Gaidilci doip asna di berlaiph Ixx co rotaissealpad do Gcááel mac Angin. 1939 fir niarai dianad. 7it dicitur : tossach 7rlo. Gaidelc Nel mac Feiniusa Farrsaidh dia dtarFer a hainmniugud uathaidh. 240. Cach tan tiaghait na foucail amach co ni nach ni is in^e inntib [focí?// -dX\.nccad int ainm litir is litzV o anmaim ita an anmaní/a litera reimraiti -i- for cach baile 7 no a literatura on fouillsiugud on coimilt 4945 dob^rdis arsanta forna claraib ciarta. Amal na 7 fiss 4940 i[s] eolus do neoch faicsin teghduse aicsin tige amlaid is edh fouillsigius do neoch lit/r. ailiteratura MSS.

: gene na traigeudh croicend 7 feithe. Gene dano na lanomna ndeime abratchor 7 maula. sech a sechmall uathaigh. 75 2bi2 255 na a fir a sea. 240^41 a sealpad uathaid. a fhira a thogairm feraibh feraib o fer a foxal uathaz'd. fo fiora . uathaid. firin a \\igugad. danodh in fer a incousg uathaid. fo fera a fouth«^ tar fer a tairrsge uathaid. ^*- YBL. ilair. suil 7 {^ecail. geine na fiacla geine na sula tanaig. fir fir a toghairm uathaid. oc co fuirmed uathaid. fel a chend foch/?/ áexrid.\pad/i ilair. do fior [a danodh uathaid. tre fer a tregdad (241) uathaid. o 4975 a a a a íoxal ilair. og co fuirmed fer fir asgnam feraiph a asgnam ilair. fefriar a choní/ail. fri feur a feura a freisHge in sequcntibiis : 4985 feron a formoulad. fri fri fera a fresgapail ilair. rer a deilidin. sofer a saorugud. teib/V/i in isna reimendoibh 4995 suil 7 fiacrt//: lanamna in cride lanomna in {\i\aiug. sech fera a sechmall ilair. ilair. It e sin : deismerecht na ndeime cind. luorga 7 tragha?V/: lanamna in chind. 4990 fe a aircill calaidh. do fir feroib Eg:] a ilair. aircell fuit. fo fer a íortud uathaigh. ilair. fria fir fo fior a íonthud VL?Xhaid/i. a fera a 4980 inotac/it ilair. íema a {orUtd ilair. ilair. N[i] airecor diab/z'I -i- ferfir.5000 ec/tt et dath -i. geine int [sjreupaind tighe : : : : et dath beos -i- ruaidhe 7 deirge gene in cru : : tor\d 1 lith. fir AURAICEPT a ainmnech<2rt' 'úai'r. Cend cridhe no lanamna an srephand 7 cru : fuolach deime teib/^i fir in fir. Eg. firr fera. ni hairecor a is a deichned. fer a aon. feear a mallrugud. fer a lan. for ilair. tar feura a tairrsgi a fresgaprtz/ uathaid. tre fera a tregdad a fer a inotachta uathaigh. ni hairecour a urard feurtot a te\ccud nai. sic ilair. gene na lurgaw no lethor et toun^. bun<7í/ 7 leithet. geine na traigedh.YBL. feraibh a urisiol. na a incosg ilair. 7 é iurlond indsge. íre'ishge uathaid. fer a eoáud. dofer -i- a daorugud. ser a j- chendfochrus i tuois.ban no glas. fe a dichned.

ar dh' feo/1 as i sin feoil : cf. be a 5030 aircealla aircealla calaith. a mna. gia isberat aroile ni bi nach lan cin a diabal. Imtha samlaid is fair anuas ginither forsail is focetoir Gen decométa 5010 geinither as do belaiph i fiout 7 gairdi. sech mnaib. do bein. ni beean a 5025 maullrugud. beinin a \ugugad. . Ni hairecar a urisil -i- benaib. tar mnai. og mnaib. co mnai. bein a lan. Gen frecometa is airnin amal rogab cnaim alta is m\ú\aic/z J leicne 7 cnuic 7 find 7 nahi fo nat geiniter lasin dune fochetoir. tre mnaib. uair cousmí2'/ius 5015 in foucal duine domit^r alta uad. tre mnai. ben a •i- hairechar a diabal beanbean. for mnaibh. ben a ao«. co mnaib. in mnai. im mnaib. Benon a formoulad. faircli [cnaim Eg:'\ J feoil lanomna blas 7 millsi lanomna in g\u'in 5035 J fuirmth^ a a ngeinid-sidhe no it e esgat a . mna. oc mnai. : i ngeinsidhe amal reimeipertmor ^" fuil (col. Ni hairecar a urard -i- beana : airecar immorro mnaa. Ni hairechar a 7 uindsi a 7 srithiti bel a cendfochrus deirid.256 YBL. beund a dichned. fuit. In tiasca do bandialt andso siss ben. Gen forcoiméta cetumus amal rogap faircle for glun. doben a daorugud. si urland indsge a . sobeun a saorugud. mnaiph. Is amlaz'd/i dono dinin díW/congaib lasin bfoucal o tousach godeired cin urgahaz'/ cin urditeun. ona mnaib. Ni taidbeut dono in air«in lasin bfoucal fair fo forsa dtouchrauthar foucal. /3). foceutoir co mbi deoigh ardingidh Ferdialt co sin anuas. na 5020 mban. bentot a telccud nae. len a chendfochrus tuis. line 1822 . sech mnai. a ben. on mnai. dini« álsai/ amal rogap fuil ar dh' feo/1 agus isin feoil. ina mna. 76 I a 7 Araile dono e geine na lanomna deime a fuoirpdai. tar cout^/í^. im : mnai. . for mnai. Banndialt co ^" tochralur sin. be a dichned. 5005 -i- Ar at e tri geine docuisnet ge^ie forcometa 7 gen : frithchometa 7 gen decomhéta. oig 7 glun a deime teipidi a fair geinsidhe . 24ia2i AURAICEPT it Eg. dona mnaib.

Nemon formolad. fo. sech na nime a lourga fuach : o. fuit. deisin : ed 7 teipidi. o nimh. Eg. e. a nem. diabal. e. tar nem. neemh nemh a a mallrugud. oundar a urlanda ar is Ni hairecar a deime nell deime . 5040 nemh for neimibh.YBL. 241^1 AURAICEPT sis. tar nimiph. in nimip.141 257 Don deimdialt so Nem. sech nem. sech neimibh. na nime. for tre in nim. do. co. Ni hairecar Eg. im. na a tsaorugud.] cell nel a cheundfouchrus deridh. Finit. tresna. indsge. Amen. o nimibh. na a daorugud. na na 5045 [a] urisiol. 5055 R . isna. for. tre nimibh. oc nimiph co nemh. do nim. nem aon. esna. oc nim. neimh a chondail. 761 . is Nemm fo- 5050 a deichned. sech nime a dialt n-eitarleime •a air- [Ni fogabar a thelga nue. nefriam lan. J sduag 7 airdi a ngeinidh-sidhe dath neime a lanamna deime no is he is a foirbti an gen. Forsna. a a cotud. co nimip. nime. es. nea a dich[ned]. fona. Ni hairecar a [a] urard. : Dialt cou sin anuas. do nimibh.

.TREFHOCUL LL.

Ria ndul issin fargge Gleam •i- ar lessu re n-aidche.namn3i demi a geni-síde cen claen -i- cetus. soirche Gabiam Seotu sochraide soirthe. fochrotha. h^U^ 5105 ~ . cuibrend buadach. . 5090 soirthe 7 aidche exempluni. H. Claen 5100 cuibdiusa hic andseo. 143 l b 6. "«^- lon«ai. uí est in ata andseo Gabam la sesi soirche Seotu sochraidi sorthi 5095 Re ndul dun as is fairthi Gleam ar les ria n-aidhchi. 5085 Can cloen la seise cuíbdiusa. »si scirthe L. cloen fil Atat dano ceilli ernail for cloenadh i- cret 7 -x- cloen 7 cloen cuibdiusa. 143 b 6 HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM I. cricha cuan. Mac Da Cherda i cecinit.: HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM LL. 37 b I 259 I H.] Cloen cecinit crétti.i ~ i 15 Fond Barcc 2.' — 5110 Mo Intí thipran Collamair Ní cách atarodamair. reil rohetrocht rúamach ruad. atarodomair Atib cona commadair. Caille cailfota. [A hoc i- \a. Soirthi ocus aidchi is e in cloen and mana derntar oidche tri de • i n-aigidh soirthi./ L. Fland mac Lonain d'Ua Delbna — Tir da Locha forsiurig fotha. Oan rudrach.

4. cuibrend buadas.—— TREFHOCUL [Mo tipran i — . Tír da Lacha fairsiung fotha. Cert cloen 7 root inso _ 5135 fochrotha. 5130 Focheird fáid ngluair ngrind cloc bind cill Q\iQ)\uim hui Néill. Cen rogair dano. Is caingen Bith frisin less n-imdangen 5125 Ocus gairm neich 'na dorus raromus. int shU'iaig Atá sund os chind Eo I find fota fo néim. § H. 143 acum contuili i In fer robí Moeltuile.J Texte. Barc rer n-oen etrocht ruamach ruadh. ut dixit : Mac Lonain i nduain Delmna. ut dixit Liadain. cret . Ocus I«nid mo glonna 5120 H. 5115 Mac Da Cerda aile dixit in rand-sa annuas. Focert find grind cloc blaith bind cill CoIu[i]m hi NeiII. 18. Desmirecht : dano for rudrach.] 3. 48 Delnma L. Fond Cailli caelfhota. iii. . Intí rodas-rommadair Attib conna commadair. cricha cuan. 143 ^^^ i b 17.37bi9 Collammair Ní cach atarommadair. Can rogair. 26o LL. 5140 int láidh Ata sund os chind find foda fath fo neim. : Root rogair inso Heo Hi 5124-7 ir. b 12. I. ut dixit Cellach Corrach Roscathatar mo longa uile. [Cen root. Can rof hota.

brass bile.renn uile Ard bara.y/ . z// ^. 5165 Desmirecht aile Badbrí Cuicidh hErend Art bara. Cach ríg acht ríg nime.I 6. Cach ríg acht rig nime. Can fhorbrig. 143 1 b 26. Deoradh amal cach Laignech.• 5150 Ind uea innd ra sgaindair (?) ' Fo tharraib taeblerg tuignech. Fo Fer Muman (?) cecinit — 5145 Ind hue issind assgandfhir tarrib tasbleirg tuignech. 5175 . H. ol niptais ga[i]nn Digi do d^maind DomnaiU. Maignech ama/ cech Muwnech. At fond flatha fine. 5160 : [Cen forbrigh dano. Can ecnairc fri frecnairc. «/ dixit Rechtgal hua Siadail Gemtís ganna Nasfurfead fir betha SZ3^ Otha Liphi gu Letha. Maignech amal cach Mumneach. Ba re secha díne. Dobádi sís. 261 Can dimbrig. Deoraid ama/ cech Laignech. 143 i b 23. Rechtgal hua Oengusa mic Domnaill cecinit Siadail i — nduaín 5155 Badbn' Chuicid hl£. [Fer Muman í:m«zV. H. bres bile. lathar n-áne. huili Dobbadi sis. ni sid chena. Cen dimbrig. A Fhlaind Locha h'nib same. 37 b 27 5. ni síd chena. Gnath la Fland.] 5170 7.: — : — HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM LL.

lathar n-ani. At fond flatha fírí Is gnath rí Fland. 143 i b 36. 5205 [Cen ecenelus -i. Dé Tanic sund de muntir Cleirchén gelbán. Prol. H. H. glan a li. ^^^ L. 9. 143 '^^^ i b 38.^ngus O cuingid na fele Is a forthren taitnem. alaind. cáin a lí.J Can écuibdius. ut dixit . can ecnach. cecinitr Oengus mac Oiblen Asa Túir — 5190 Oc cungid na la féige féile fortrén taitnem Co léir frithgnam ord na caibdel. D'eis in daghda norraidhim. Ni fhetar císi rún Bud messu dún oldas díu. dí H.] 5200 10. 262 LL. Mac Co Cuilennáin. cetlaibh moraib alaind. Oan uathad -i- ól80 Maelcainníg hua Tolaig Cormac súi mac Lairi Láidig.] fri ilar.. 143 r b 34 Ba 8. amra dess. mora 5185 [Cormac sin.] ^^^ ecuach 1. nt est: — ferinsci do baninsci. H. H. In dagda imma-radim. dagdai with i crossed out 5192-5 FéHre. amra legind. -i- 5195 [Cen cuibdius. . Mac Culennáin Co cetlaib can écnach.37b TREFHOCUL [A [Fh]laind Acha h'nib same. Tainic sund do muintir De Clereach gelban. 143 i b 31. Can ecenelus. la fegi ller Tuer Co frithgnam ord na caibdel. derntar] no baninsci dferinsci. Nucu n[fh]etar ciasa run Bad meassu dun oldas di. rí secha dini.na dertar [1. 329-32 5210 H.

5235 Ciaptis ganna fir betha Ótha Liphe co ILetha. Gel cloe gaile iar crud chuile. Nosfirfed ol niptis [gainn] — 3/í? ^ 01 dige di dernainn Do. rí Is hé Senchae same. " Argair " and cen H. [Cen ecomuaim fidraid do beith and. nt dicitur: Tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar. FGtmn. 143 ni i fris cia rodligh co fil nocht and foesin. § 49 In marg.) n-anocht Fogonar airchetul i n-ellag. 143 i Sencua Sanz.] (Can anocht i- cia locht i- a nda nocht iarna diriuch don dligiud LL. brec fochanar. .] . Maelruanaid ruad imma rind 5240 Archiiig dorair lidualaig Is caiU tón bo can buaraig Yor aiU sron cherr Maelruanaid m/c Flaind. iii. inargin. S228-31 ir. b 44.1 : HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM LL. gaili Gel chlue cruth cu ri. Do[rat] feolairecht ngona 5215 For Eoganacht fer Maige. . tit est — 5230 Imcomarc flatha Fotait mail Macha im Mumain. i- 5225 [Cen anocht cen nocht and stcut i (?) asberat na hugdair. Can écomfúaim. Dorat feolairecht ngona For Eoganacht 12. . . ar is coitchend- sium uile son. 37 c I 263 1 . Torc atchiu argair gabair Fiu Corc no Lorc no Lugaidh. dui ut : ''''-^ . Fogonar airchetul n-anocht./niaill. find mmohar. b 41. 13. dernaiwl L. idei . ut cos i i . fer Muigi. Co ndath 7 tothucht. § "'^' 24 42. Texte. ut: Is e rig — ÓL^O H.

Att e sini-find /dub/brecc. ut dixit Urard mac Coisi : Crithir crithes crothas cuan Riches rochas corc buan 5260 Ua rig Lemna leotha cend Bres B^rba buiUe dilend.. ut dixit Fingen mac Flaind :— : Dosronusaa doib droing mbind bairdni briathar glesi. 1431^48 [Corraib co ndath 7 co tothucht./^^ .. glei[si] Ar Nislen ecnach ond oes chetlach cruth roncuala ar hdála acht na tucsatsum duas for duana. Molad clerigh for clerech : Tuthal dluim do deirc De dil Hua 5265 Chonaill mic Amirgin Insi Fail Huasal escop Comarba cathrach Ciarain. 5 3-'5._ 30. 296. 5255 [Tothucht dano -i. ut dixit Fíngin mac Flaind :— 5250 Daronusa doib drohg bind bairdne brethir Gniim can tlási nistartsatsum duas dar esi.moladh laich for laich. 121.— — 264 LL.beit a mbesa.3 /^_ 7-^. molad cleirigh for clerech. 19 . 5250-3 Arch. corop amlaid moltair molad laich do laech 7 molad clerich do c\i\Qxech.37CI2 TREFHOCUL H. molad mna for mnai.] i íochanar. P. •i- Tothocht dano -i.am^/beit a bésa. H.. brecc ua focarar mad tri datha' na hec[se] Find ua moltar dub uan-aerthar: 5245 comsan. Gnim Brecc cen tlaisi ni tartatsom duais da hesi. iii. 8. 31 . 44. Molad mna for mnai 5270 Ciall cruth cen^l cen chairi Gaes gart genus co ndruin cland. Moladh laich do laech. 5247. corob amlaid moltar cach -i. Compert cen grain gaili Atat ic d/>7^bail uili. C.

ed a fid as gu -i- cona thomus Is fri fidh -i- in Is cetna fidh 5275 ind focail as guthas. Techt for eocho cind crichi.. [A mal[l]rugud dano Nech nobiad Yor cuit -i- fri haicnead -i- \iit quidain : a rad co mall. s^b a thiugthol 7. A mallrugud. Cenn o lochaib do lindol Co clothaib. 143 2 a 528. ed a etargaire tit a dehgud 5280 Lonain.] A chotut. fidh 7 insci 7 etargaire. xx. i 5285 H. ut Cormac cecinit do Inis Cáin: Nech nobiad bliadain láin I taig aiged Indsi Cain. lar mbeithsiu sasb a thigthol Taistel Milcon mic Onchon.] Taistel Milcon mic Oncon. a formoladh.] '''''' docoiscet rc. n-indsci. 150 . a thuisel. 7 Is ed a insci na teora Is insci docoisnet ferinsci baninsci 7 deminsci. ed a reim alt int ziTia ed a forbaid a aicent 7 ni iversd). Is ed a alt airchetail he int alt bis etir cach da dealt -i- deachaibh. ainglaidi a máin Ic dul tar sliab Sioin sair. H. ut Fer Muman dixit — 5290 Goth gruce golfad breice Bíeth críche crich co ndorthor. — 5305 bliadain lain Robad aigcd Inse Cain. Maith bethu bithi annon. 37 c 18 265 I H. dixit Mac Feron a formolod. 143 2 a. Is ed as deach a traig.— : — HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM LL.-6 10. [A Fer cotot (-i- timorcain : fri aicnead no i cind) dano. ut Muman dixit so sis Goth gruice gulfad mbreice Bseth criche crich iar torthor lar mbeith sund 5295 H. chi nadh gandon. Corraib and. 5300 Rabad glebán a níab Oc dul dar sliab Sion sáir. 143 frís b w Sechta Is tomsíter Goedelg.

dixit: — 5-315 O [A bi mac cleib caindlech Saer sert cach n-ainm aimi dixit . H. 5320 A diabul : A'gur águr 1 iar céin beith péin péin. U'aim do threnfher glegel gabla {inargin 5335 A doerugud.] A chondail. Cia dom-fhacced cét marcach. 5327») /. Amal cách cách co bráth bráth In cach thráth thráth cid scíth scíth. . Mac legind fri gilla rig Resad :— Ar corrucan cumraide. iií. 143 2 a 13 A delidin litterda. 5340 Texte. Súi dian sosad silochta Sínc' . iit Mac Lenin bi mac cleib caindlec sersit c?Lch. 5330 A oen. A ut Clothna mac Oengusa dixit — triadi). 5325 A lugugud. : H. Ciaso drer 5»2 cf. delidin. gossa fer : (-i-) Fergossa. Nis-fuar caem a chomdile.-. 27-8 : 5*-* Goed? 158 1. . Caras íath 63 .— — : — • 266 LL. Imchomarc roruad rogda D'fhir imdích soshluag sadha. XX. OUurgbail ar liglanbaile. RC. ní sid sid. Cormac dona Cnoib Segsa ollchathach. ut dixit Glainidir gol co . 37C23 TREFHOCUL . ^d Ailig As goam Aiisius deir lidianim á\S!oach giHdir gési Locha Leín. . Inse A delidin siUabacda. iath na trenfher tigba. amson 5310 Catlií?/^" cóir. . ut Y\and mac Lonain : Mo chara-sa Cnámine Car aslach n-Eile n-achtach. is dagduine. Bid fálid frim Dámine. 144. ut Mac Lénin .

Im ba fressach. 'wi ba. : A thelgud noe Orddan na fogní SíErthot slantot cech rrig 5370 recht as gleo céin ba beo tisat. Feib atberim atbera. fo thúaid. ní súail. O thí oc techt for lind lond ? Lorgga fuach Qter da iocul i- sal 7 sessach . A Dé in curigene fri. Dichtung. cecinit issin tririg : 5350 A lorgga fuach. — HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM LL. sa tathot rota rodatí. 5345 A irísel. In tocéb Cormac mo churchan cíar ? For in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-án réil. . is í 5360 m lorga iuach. p. 9 ^^'> 1. 5365 Im bá Im bá Is é in sair. im ba fo dess. bert . Feraib mnaaib mairg rósbi Im ín Dond cathach Cualiigi.— . *352-6» cf. Ni chehm. . desmerecht andsin 7 i- ced eter dered ind raind toesig -i- lond tossach ind raind tan[aisi]. in ben side Secht cecinit: — /f /T rn: /v ^'^0 mbhadna lána o noc[h]t Fotgluasfither on oenphort. ^lt. 37 c 267 40 :- A urard Frim gruad corcra ma chora. Ir. im ba siar.«m. Dom-ruacht bochta {om-hera. tressach. A dealt n-etarléime -i- remshuidigud óenshillrt/<^^ da chomfhuaim fhidraid. im ba serig. 940 . uair it cara.-' In rag. . torgib drorig. a Rí richid As mo thoil féin ar in sál 5355 Im ba sessach. cf. ut Ced Coslafe ideiu in eodein: — eter leth co bráth iar cuaird chross mo bachlach cress.

XX. . 5405 de. A Dia a ri. 5395 neit fadb corcra. f . .S 5390-3 fifotr. . hé daig derg dige dath .'^ 158 53<j7 denn L. ba mor Issinn arus os in báes. . [A dichned. <^tfi-^ q{ Aiiraicept . Amra 5395-8 152 C.C. . A Is demi . . . . .37C56 TREFHOCUL : A urachil calaidi Cen cob delb alaind mo drech Nimthá a chleith ceil na guth Deithbir 5375 dam i cid diuir mo dath -i- Uair nach (LL. 150 «»» /n marg. Mad tar mal cach maige immach Doróscib dóinib Dubthach. as dilid dam Jf^ . eise. Cellach cemind inmain fer .— 268 LL. A Colum Bid airichil fuit. Fegsat fihd Fail i fus 5385 Fenchas co feig la Fergus. . 5380 mo dú can da co Fri cach hguas ge radat No mohir méit mo de[i]rc. 5400 mac ríg rigi tuir la . Teit daig demin ni tercdu.. A La mac fir dechned. RC. 144) 3-103-5 cf. A mmo Cach Chomdiu. . Cille céin nom-bó fei[rc]. Gnath cend i crub Con Echtga.] Dal rodalus. (Stokes' Goed. . febra . thepidi. 5390 (-i- Druim (-i- Lias. gaidther ca . chainem cruth 5385. . bui [a rí] ru ra dichned littri) riibi di s'úlaió) ba bas ni thias. a : RC. xx. Cendfochrus./i Rc XX. [Forruim] tenn co cruind ochtga. . 38 a) rochiur ma chruth rochiguir. . .

. . isin no banindsci do thabairt — ndemi . Quidam tar dixit — . . A genis Is issí fri de. . . . he mac milis ne cach triath . is a ri fuair grt'in . ímcain imchess caich fath a finchruib ar fuach. 5415 . ut quidam Is he a bna .: : HAEC SUNT EXEMPLA PRAECEDENTIUM A lanamna indsci cechiit 269 demi. . lass gruad gland ama/ fri 5410 sein sith silbad rig co.

bairi. L. ^^ . bairen^/. -^. L. bran. 7 gleid. L. fia. id emanchuill nodabenadar. ri fored fegait fuid. uile. fin. sgleit L. a feda uile. corr. bairg. L. Beid 7 teid 7 reid 7. 7 seid. lian. nodabenadar. baire (•i- uird na fí'r/ed. L. feoil. geid. L. L. baill. L. 38 |8 7 Incipit do. eo -^^. L. ' Corus fedat filz^. De. L. L. L. >^-.DE DUILIB FEDA BB. bair. feaigh. Beoil [7 heoii L. fiag. fored. L. ar aen. L. 7 gleoir L. duilib feda na forfid.. ^. oni. om. 7 riar 7 mian 7 tiar 7 miad.) 7 brai 7 brais 7 braiwd 5425 ingen).. lasiw fiHd. -X-' L. 7 bairt (-i- B. -i- "5"'. 5430 L. dó forfid timmargain. L. a do fri timargain. eo 7 ceo tria it >X-> L. fian. 305 /3 10 LL. dialt ri fri righe. is Is aen. L. -i- -)f>. L. iar ^fe ^d L. ata L. feagh. L. nodusb^^adar. 7 triall 7 srian 7 cliar. uair ^ . is bair (-i- suid B. 7 trian.. uile 7rl. L. tread. Liag. bairc. da emancoll. stead. L. ^ 270 etis over bail B. -i- 1§^. 7 Brian 7 grian. 5435 -i- Feoil -^. oen. dá. 7 treat. . 7 bai L. L. L. oen. it ^X" nodusb^/^adar. i[t] ebaid.) bail 7 baile. í?w.. fian.] 7 beoir. L. -i- "V"» feo. om. rigi.. L. 5420 firthar do. ifin. Ca •. dead 7 scead. L. uile. L. 7 treoir. fial. 7 ba« it mna). aire . nodabenadar. L. la filidaib. 7 baile emuncholla nosb^waní/. We- ^^ 7 . (-i- etis B. hetir. ^ L. fiad. L.

BB. 305^21

DE DUÍLIB FEDA
(i- dall B.)

ll. 38/321
7

271

Buidle

7 buidlen
it,

arem, L.
L.
da,

airemh ard, da 5440
duar
(-i-

-^.
focul,

Buaid
L.
feoil),

7

druaid

^^;
mual
(-i-

cruan
(-i-

(-i-

trefocul)
-i-

mulenn,
(-i-

L. muilend) fuar L.
oin.)

muir, L. dilend
L.

muir) nuall

err,
fid,

fuam

(-i-

muis,

muir)

7

duan

"

v^ "

a

L.
(•i-

fida, uile.

Cual

is

^J^"

ceol, L. coel, is
ovi.

Q

,

boaid 5445
(-i-

eblud B.) boar 7 boa, boilglan,
B.), guit, L. cuitti,

L. 7 boilban,
is

banefes
is

yj^'

;

coich

">-0-,
L.

buar

~5^,
Ȓ
,

boir,

is

oir,

L.

^^,

boairech,
L.

boairig,

is

L.

-0-,

nodusbí-wdai,

nodambentar

uile.

Ocus
7

rai

7 cai 7

mai

7 lai 7 gnaíi, L.
is

Dói

7

rói

7

cói 5450
uile.

mói

7 lói

7 gnói,

-0-,

L.

adds dabenadar
gabad), L.

Nasr,

L.

noer
is

is,

-0-, nuar
(-i-

(i-

suad
is,

(-i-

gabud),
[L. om.

~^^, muad
is

med), L.
Ís

muag

"^^

maíid

")-0-, suad

-^
i

druad 7 suad

"^
^^fj^
i

nodus-bí';/tar].

Lanchumang
dede
L.
i

a

firfedaib,

L.

forfhedaib,

cumang

forfedaib, L. fhorfhedaibh, fegthair

do thaebomnaib.

Téit
fili,

n-aen, L. n-oen, ata-boing, L.-bong, tui teachtaid
fad, L. fath,

file,

nad

fubai.
i

Is

e in lanchumang, teid,
Is,

L. eter, in

da

fid

aireghda
i

coimfrec/Vi'.

L. é in,

cumang 546O
isin
i

immorro
^nsxWaib

in bail[e L.]

mbit
i

in

da guttai, L. gutta,

l in bail[e L.]
[i-

toc/zradar, L. tochdar,
om.'].

forfid

L. in da fhorid

^^

L.

OGAM
BB. 308
/3

44

Caide
ansa.
I

aímser 7 persu 7 fath airic in ogaÍ7«? Ni 5465 Loc do Hibernia insola quam nos Scoti habitamus.
loc 7

n-aimsir Brese mic Elathan rig Erenn dofrith.
Delbí^zV^ d^rbrathair

Persu

do Ogma mac Elathan mic
ar Bres 7
SLndsen.
is

do Bres,
5470

Ogma 7 Delbí^M tri mic Elathan mic Délhc^it/i Ogma didiu, fer roeolach a mberla 7 a filidecht,
Cuis
ic

e rainic int oga.m.

airic (309)

derbad a intlechta

J

co mhet/i in bescna-sa

lucht in eo]ais fo leth, sech lucht

na tirdachta
7 ret int

na buicnechta. Can as fuair ainm iar su;/d ogam, J caide mathair 7 athair in ogaim, J cia
7
tri

cetainm roscribad

ogam,

J cia fid in roscribad, J cuis ar 5475

roscribad, J cia dia roscribad, J cid ara remtet bethi ria cach,
(Aic

uoluuntur omnid).

Ogam
iar ret,

o

Ogma

suo inuentore primo ria sun;í quidem
•!•

;

immorro, ogwm og-uaim
filideacht
:

og-uaim, dob^rait na
fri

fiHd

forsin

trid,

ar

is

fedaib

toi;;/sit//^/-

5480

Gaidelg icna ^Xedaib

athair ogai;;/ Og;;/a, mat/tair

ogaÁm

lám no scia« Ogma. Is e so immorro in cetna ni roscribad

tri

ogam,>Tm—m

do bmth robaid do Lug mac im dala a mna na ru[c]tha uada hi 5485 Etlenw roscrib^í/ Berthar n-aeníhlesc do bethi sidaib •i- secht mbethi i fo secht do hen uait i sid no a íerand ali m<a:;ns-co;;/eta
i-

in

beithi roscribad, J

i

:

5165-9

O'D. Gr.
272

xxviii.

note e

^^'^

suwd

vvritten out

(=

sun)

"" Margin

'^^^ arris

B.

OGHAM
What
are the place, tíme, person, and cause of the invention of the

Ogham ?
of

Not

hafd.

Its

place Hibernia insiila

quavi nos Scoti habitamus.

In the time of Bres son of
it

Elatha

king

Ireland

vvas

invented.

Its

person

Ogma
for

son of Elatha son of Delbaeth brother to Bres,

Bres,

Ogma

and

Delbaeth are

the

three
a

sons

of

Elatha son of Delbaeth there.
skilled in

Now Ogma,

man

well

speech and
of
its

in

poetry, invented

the

Ogham.
and
the

The cause
the

invention, as a proof of his ingenuity,

that this speech
exclusion

should belong to the learned apart, to

of rustics

and herdsmen.

Whence
is

Ogham
first

got

its

name

according to sound and matter,

who
the

are the father and the mother of the

Ogham, what

was written by Ogham, in- what letter it was written, the reason why it was written, by whom every letter, Jiic it was written, and why t) precedes

name

that

Hobiuntur oninia.

Ogham
its

from

Ogma
;

suo inventore privio in respect to
is

sound, qtiidem

according to matter, however, ogum

og-uaini^ perfect alliteration,

which the poets applied to
letters Gaelic
is is

poetry by means of

it,

for

by

measured

by the poets
of

;

the father of

Ogham

Ogham

is

the hand or knife of
is
,

Ogma, Ogma.
b was

the mother

This moreover

the

first

thing that was written by
written,
it

Ogham,

-^TnT

— —
jTj

i-^-

(the birch)

and to

convey a warning to Lug son of Ethliu
respecting his wife lest she should

be carried

was written away from
:

him

into faeryland, to wit, seven b's in

one switch of birch

Thy

wife will be seven times
273

carried

away from thee
c.

into faeryland or into another country, unless birch guard

274
het/il.

BB. 309 a
Is

15

OGAM
immorro remitet
ogavn
J caiteat
?

aire

bethi,

ar

is

a

mbethi
bethe 5490

ro-cetscribrtí/

ogam.

Cis a
V,

lir

fogla
v,

Ni ansa.

A
-i-

iiii

:

uath a
Cis
lir

muin a v, ailme [a] v, forfeda aicme ogaim? Ni ansa. A iii
n-athaigh,
7
viii

olcena.
viii

n-airigh

fedha,

7

viii

fidlosa.

cetus

:

(ernn, dur, coll, muin, gort, straif, onn, or.
-i-

Ocht n-airigh Ocht

n-athaig

bethi, luis,
is athaz'g-

sail,

nin, huath, tlnne, quert.

Ar
et

5495

chuit a feda
Qiiot

feda fidlosa olchena.
\n

sunt

genera

ogaiml

Ni

ansa.

CL,

figuras eorum

et potestates secundum ordinem nuntiabimus, asnedim primus do fedaibh na cranw o tuctha an;//aní/ for fedhaibh \n ogaim secundum alios et alios nomin- 5500

antur.

Cesc,

masí?<^,

can

asin -ainmni[g]ter

feda

7

t-&ho7nna \n
is

ogaim}

Ni ansa.
-i-

Secundum
scol

alios

quidein

o scoil Y&niusd. ¥arsaidh

Fenius fon domun d' huaish'u di[b] conid iat a n-anman«-saide tuctha for bethi- 5505
luis-nin \n

na filideachta rofaid fhoglaim na mberla. Bai xxv ba
tsebomna;
7 bai cethrur

ogdHm et^r feda

7

ba

huaisli dibh-side iterum, conid iat a n-an;;/anw-side tuctha

forna

vii

fedaib

aire[g]daib

^H^

Ifl ITtt

ItílíXO

7 rotuillset triur eli friu,
tri

conid uaidib-side ainmnigter na
'

forfeda

aile,

conad

aire deglait<?r ar leth

lg^'"'^— 5510
-

Secundum
cailli forsin

alios is o fedaib
trin-troip.
fid ior set

na

caille

tuctha an;;/an;z for

fedaibh \n ogaim

Beithi

immorro o bethi na
Luis
-i-

cetna

na

aipgitri in ogaim.

r,4w

53*-

umha V B. mui« 7 B. Maigin. Molgalraig «i» ach no uch ar emuncoll ar gabar emuncoll
no uch
Pq,, cethrur
/.

ar ach
550G

'""^

d'fhodlaim B.

morshesser,

vii

confused

iL'ith iiii


OGHAM
her.

275
b,

On

that
it is

account,

moreover,

birch,

takes pre-

cedence, for

in birch that

How many
are
five,

divísions oí

Ogham was first written. Ogham are there, and what
:

they

?

Not

hard.

Four

b

five,

h
Not
:

five,

m

five,

a

besides diphthongs.

How many
viz.,

groups of

Ogham

?

hard.

Three,

eight chieftain trees, eight peasant trees, and eight
trees.

shrub

Eight chieftain trees

first

— alder, oak, hazel,
trees, viz., birch,

vine, ivy, sloe, furze, heath.

Eight peasant

quicken

tree,

willow, ash, whitethorn, whin,

apple

tree.

As
CL^

to their letters all other shrubs are peasant trees.
Qííoí
et

sunt
figuras
1

genera
eoruin
shall

of
et

the

Ogham ?
of the
for

Not

hard.

potestates

secimdum
the

ordinem
of

nuníiabimus.

speak

primum

woods

the trees whence
letters,

names have been put
alios et alios

Ogham

secundum

nominantur.

Query, well

then,

whence are the Ogham vowels and consonants named ? Not hard. Secundum alios quidem, it is from
school
of

the

Fenius

Farsaidh,

to

wit,

the

school

of poetry which

Fenius sent throughout the world to

and twenty that names that were put for the Bethe Luis Nin of the Ogham, both vowels and consonants and there were four who were the noblest of these again, so that it is their names that
learn the languages.
five

There were
it

were noblest of them so that

is

their

;

were given to the seven principal vowels
>>i

:

TnmTn
other three

nítíxo
to

and they
these are

added

them

so

that

from

named

the other three
apart.

diphthongs, wherefore

^^

"'rT"-»

are classified

Secundum

alios

it

is

from the trees of the forest that names were given to the

Ogham

letters metaphorically.

Moreover
elm

beitJie, b, is

from

the birch of the forest for the

first letter

on the path of the
in

b

Ogham

alphabet.

Luis,

1,

that

is,

the forests.

276

BB. 309 a 38

OGAM

lemh sin isna cailltib. Fern -i- fearn sin isin caill. Sail Nin 'm ogaim -i- 5515 i« ogahn [• sail dono sin isin caiU. Uath 'm ogaim gi«ol garmna no nenaid isna feadaib. Dur 'm ogaim dair insin. craní/ fir no sce ar a delgaighe dono isin caill. Tinne in ogaim -i- quulen^ no trom isin Quert in ogaim caill. Coll 'm ogaim -i- coll isin caill.
quulení/ isin
midiu.
caill
-i-

no cairthen^ no crithach.
Getal
-i-

Muin

-i-

5520

Gort
Ida
-i-

gius.
-i-

gilcach.

Straif saildrong

isin caill.
•i-

On«
-i-

aiten no mnius.

Ur

-i-

draighen.

Edad
feorus.

eu.

ibhar.

Ebad
;

-i-

elenaf.

Oir

-i-

U'iWeann

edlení/.

Pin in ogaim, pin dano
ifin
-i-

isin caill,

De

atbertar caera pin;^^
sin.
-i-

dano secundiwi
coU emnaide

alios
iar

ainm
no

in
iar

5525

feda
fuath

Emancoll dono
dar

ret

coll

coll ina fuath.

Briatharogízw
foltchain
mz.x\d

Moraiwd mic Mhai«
sen
isin

aní/so.

Feocus
uair

ar

beithi

briatharogí?;;/,

an'm

tuc

(col.

^)

Moraní/ uaidh

fen
isin

for

fedaib

5530

ogaiw is iat gabus greim feda Feocus foltchain ar son bethi, ar
in

briatharogí?;//.

at

e

sin

da egosc

bethi, 7 tucad

uadsan

for fidh 'm

ogaim rogab ainm
5535

uad.

Li sula

-i-

luis sin
-i-

-i-

in luisiu.

Airinach Fian
ndergi ar aenrian
:

sciath
air is
i

ar

ien\

aigiseom

sin

ar

a

no

in fern adb/^r in sceith

tucad

'•'^

Anec.

iii.

43

^^

Origg.

xvii. 9,

93

OGHAM
Fern^
that
f, is,

277
Sai'/, s,

that

ís,

alder in the forest.
again,
in

of the
n,

Ogham,
of the

willovv,

the forest

Nm,

Ogham,

to wit,

maw

of spear, or nettles in the woods.
that
is,

Uaí/i, h, of

the
its

Ogham,
forest.

test-tree or whitethorn,
á, of the

on

account of
again,
in

thorniness.

Bur,
t,

Ogham
Ogham,
of the

is

oak,
wit,

the

Tinne,

of the

to

ho]]y or elderberry in the forest.
to wit, hazel in the forest.

Coll, c,

Ogham,
is

Quert, q, of the

Ogham
Muin,

ho]]y in the forest, or quiclcen tree, or aspen.

vine,
fir.

m,

to wit,

mead [from
o,
e,

it].

Gort, cornfield, g, to wit,
Straif, str,

Getal, ng, to wit,
forest.

broom.
to
wit,

willowbraUe in the
Ur, u,
to
wit,

Onn,

furze

or ash.
Ida,
i,

thorn.

Edad,

to wit, yQ^N.

to wit, service tree.

Ebad, ea, to

wit,

elecampane.
wit, ivy.

Oir, oi, to wit, spindie tree.
io,

Uilleann, ui, to

Pin,

of the

Ogham,

pine,

again, in the forest.
berries
letter.
;

Hence are named caera pinne, gooseis

ifin,

again secunduni alios

the

name

of that

Eniancoll, witch hazel, ae, again, to wit, c doubled

according to fact or according to form, to wit, c across
c in
its

form.

Word Ogham
in

of

Morann Mac Main
and
fair

here.

Feocus

foltchain, faded trunk

hair, that is for birch, b,

the

Word Ogham,
effect

because names

which

Morann

gave of himself to the
which take the
birch,

Ogham

letters,

these are they

of letters

in

the

Word Ogham.
letter

Feocus foltcJiain for b, for these are two aspects of the

and

it

was hence put
it.

for the

Ogham

which
to

has taken a

name from

Li

súla, delight of eye, that is luis,

quicken

tree,

1,

wit, the flame.

Airinach Fian,
for fern,
f,

i.e.,

shield of warrior-bands,

i.e.,

shieid

with him owing to their redness in the same

respect

:

or because the alder, the material of the shield

278

BB. 309/3 6
fid

OGAM
ogaiin

o fernae forsin

rogab ainm uaidhi.

Airenach

Fian
acht

-i-

sciath fern sin aigz'sium.
-i-

Li n-aimbi
is

li

mairb

-i-

am

fo diultad
-i-

conach beo 5540
sin,

marb.

Li n-ambi dono
fid
:

sail

aigiseom

7 tugad uaidisium forsin

n-ogaiui.

Cosdad sida
sida sin.

-i-

nhi

se;/

ginoX

garmna
uath
\n
la

fri

fid

e

:

airde

Cosdad
-i-

sida aigi sin o nin na garmna.

Conal cuan
alladh.
in

uath

sin, ar

is

nech conal chon 5545
coib;/zV/i'

Conal cuan do rad
dossaibh
aill \r\d&
-i-

re

huath

ogaim ar

anma, ar uath

iat ar aenrian.
-i-

Ardam
Trían

dur sin a dualus a feda

isin caill.

-i-

sin aniu.

Caíniu fedaib

coll sin ar a
-i-

chaim a fedaibh.
boscell
-i-

5550
basceall
boiscell

Clithar mbaiscaill

buaiH

-i-

gelt

-i-

i-

is

aní/ tic a ciall
-i-

do

in tan

degas a bas.
-i-

CHthar
iat.

dono

quert sin
-i-

:

no bosceH
no
elti

elti

-i-

edruma
-i-

CHthar

boisceH dono
Tresi;;/
fri

gelti
-i-

:

quert a dualus a feda.
ar sentaidh

fedma

muin
gort

\Q.\s-s\uin sin

anma

5555

muin duine no daim,
MiHsiu feraib
i-

ar

is iat is tresi feid;;/
leis-i'i;/;;/

ann.
aentaidh [in]
is

sin

ar

anma

frisin

gort arba.

In tan {qiiuvi) bis ina fuacZfon;?,

aigs 'vn B.

•^•''-

on tiagas

*"'*

ann UTÍtten

oiit

•''•'•''^

in

f)y

late

hand

m.á&dX\\ sense. sweeter than grasses. that is. so that he is is not living but dead. Tresim fedma. that is muin. for a terror to wit. owing to wit.. Conal cuan said of the Ogham owing to the affinity of the name. Conal cuan. the cornfield. another thing the meaning of that to-day. again. to is am it for denial. in the same way. wood in the forest. i. that nin. Li n-ainibi^ again. with him owing to the identity of the field. that is Ardavi Trian. shelter of a hind. that is an apple tree or boscell. Milísiu feraib. lifeless. Airenach Fian. for they that are the strongest in existcnce as regards effort. f. s with him.e. Clithar boiscell. hinds: quert. i.OGHAM vvas 279 letter i. that sail^ willow. with reference to effort. Clithar boiscell.e. ash. him when he goes to his death. d. Hence Ogham . hue of the wit. i. that is with him..it is then his sense comes wit. hue of one dead. c. name with the cornis When it is in the blade. from ferme given to the it. g. i.. lunatic. highest dur.e.. sweeter than any grass for that letter in that grass. lunatics or its letter. : n: it the maw is of a weaver's that. to wit. oak. strongest of with him. of bushes. hinds. of owing it is to identity of name with muin. to wit. thorn any one li. is Cosdad is checking of peace. is Cainiu fedaib. Clithar mbaiscaill. shield. for the Ogham beam letter. fairest of trees. again. that to its hazel. pack of wolves.e. back man or ox. an apple tree. that \s gort. as applied to wood a sign is of peace A checking of peace with him that from the ash of the weaver's beam. that is uatJi. q. boscell. Li n-aimbi. a fold : that is bas-ceall. to to : they are light. dossaibh. ivy. and hence was put sida.e.. vine. to h. Ogham which has taken a name from fern. for they are a thorn. is a pack of wolves. with respect to its t. beauty in woods.

309 ^ 24 fer OGAM in fer miUsi na gd. 5565 ndene áerg Tresi. ar is tre tri rtiis scribthair.B. . de. Is berbthar tresin fual denum mban co raet.onnaid in carpait -i. ic Straif ar i isin straif tresiu ruamna dathadh na ic ar is dogni in airget ngeal i conad gorm isin or airgit decht de. -i- Tresim ruamna raet . Ardam ailm iactadh i- mactad -i- ailm aígisium sin i . Congnawaigh Qchraide -i. 7 in lossa is ruidhiud fasas a n-aigid faethi. sen -i- ar is luth lasna leigib.na roith onn \e\s-s\u7n sin. forsin fid ut dianad zXnm on« ar aentaid ataru ar is ainm onn do cechtar de 7 is on aitenw tucad int ainm is onn ./^ straif ar Tugad uaid-side isin fid straif ainm cechtar de. ar is 5575 (no a) adber in duine ac iachtad ngalc?r. no ic machtad i. ar is tri onn scribthar onnaid in •iTucad uad-side 5580 Aliter comguinidech -i. etir cath 7 getal. anma aturu on ruidiudh no on Tinnem ruccae ruis sin -i- ruamna in dianad ainm straif ia[r] aentaid -i- riiis iar 5570 ret. carbait. '''•''•' luir o rufl. Uad-side 5560 7 n-ogam getal ar comaentaidh in anma atura. ar tri ruis scribtair-side fen. 5571 a n-aidid B. ''''™ i nefalair B. frisin fidh n ogaim secundum alios.28o BB. Luth legha coihnms iar raet. straif \e\s-s\um sin is i n-o^am.ck forsin fid ut i sin -i- in gort arba.aiten. in duine sug frisin do cuimilt Tindi rucae is dono do rad ruis o rus no on ruided.ag ingantugud secip raeta.

i. o. and getal. Tresiiu ruauiua is the sloe according to fact. is the on7i. for onn is name for each of them and it is from whin that the name onn was put for the Ogham letter secundum alios. for is makes (. him in in Ogham. the wheels. fact. from the reddening or shame according to written. equally it woundis whin. a physician's strength. elder- to wit. that the wheels of the chariot are written. affinity between ruauina.OGHAM owíng them. . sloe it it Straif. an ingot of a blush. loudest of groanings. for it is a a man says while groaning in disease. fir. o. a . is Ardaui iachtadh.e. said of the ruis. Hence was put for that letter whích named ouu. that is ruis. elder-berry.. for according the pale to is for the it red that dyeing the things silver stronger. broom. straif is the name of each of them. str fact with . or wondering. again. that him. for it by r that it is itself written. to wit. Hence it was put in the letter named str. marvelling at whatever circumstance. ing. wit. helper of horses. with i. that ing. for it is by onn. that is ailui. It is it which boiled through the urine into the white gold so as to make it red. Timieui berry. couiguinidech. Conguauiaid echraidc. to wit. intensest of blushes. rucccE. because is strength with the physicians. r. i. that Tresiiu is strongest of red. Aliter. owing to identity of name between them.?) become is azure. to sloe. panacea (?). ng.e. furze. wonderailui or with him . for by r it is and it is a reddening that grows in a man's face through the juice of the herb being rubbed it. to wit. owing to identity between them.e. from is shamc or from reddeníng. making genuine silver. to 281 the complete íde4itity of the name between is Luth an legha. that is. that it is broom. and there cath. under Tiudi rucccB. a. j^nnaid of the chariot. to wit.

Snamchain fheda -i. -i- (-i- lon). is ainm millsium ifin air. ar snamchaiw fid don bran mor is ainm sen. eo(-i-)tre -i- eonasc ret. ar uiWeann leis-[s]ium sin. dianad ainm ur iu ogatiu. . aerchaid 5''"i íid edath 'i' ind aor rolil in flesc cui nomen est fe — Cor. Millsim feda -i- pin sin aigisium. ar uad tucad ainm is idad 5595 do ibar is ainm idad. ar is ainm do bratan é 7 is tri ebad scribt[h]ar side am^/ aipgitir in betha -i. Tucad ua-side is for getal. fid Sruitem aicdi ar aentaid in or iar anma fid fil aturu or Tucad uad-side forsin ainm cechtar de. ar aentaid anma aturu cechtar de. 309^47 OGAM -i- Etiud midach cath. do ibar as i ainm ar is siniu fedaib. ur Ergnaid crit[h]aig fidh fair. 'i' aerc[h]aid fer no fid idhadh •i> fefe a tuth no fe a flesc Afiec. ar is don crunw ogaiin dianad ainm ergnaid fid. ar is dianid ainm pin p'inne. 7 tre ur scribthair./. is don chrun. ar is do eáUnn ainm.ebad les-.? atbertar caera pin. ar is uad tucad edad idad aigiseom sin ar is Siniu fedhaib -i- .3585 Tucad uada-side forsin ainm uaraib adbaib.5600 i- tre seg (-i- os). iii.. ainm is u'xWeann. ar is do -iTucadh uad-sidhe forsin ogaw dianad 5605 is uadh tucad mWeann fair.// sin.— 282 BB. Tucad uad-side is forsin fid ut int n-ogani fair .^ 606 43 sed B. ar feda. is fid -i- edad (310) aigisium sin. Tucad uada-side forsin 5590 ainm edhadh.yi?/. De Tucad uad-side forsin fid dianad ainm 5610 uadh tucad pin no 5588 558» tj-i B. dianad ainm idad. Uaraib adbaib is -i- ur aigisium sin ar do uir in talman fidh -i- . Tutmur eálenn is u'úleann ainm. Tucad uad-side forsin fid dianid ainm ebad in ogai.

aspen. dwellings. that put for the for swimming is wood Hence it was is a name for the great raven. broom. oi. Hence yew. heath. named pin. oldest of woods. letter Hence or it was put for the it. it was put for the was woodbine put him. idad. a name it. robe of physícians. that is is tir. is a name SnavicJiain feda. to wit. Millsevi feda. it was given to that letter in Ogham named for it . for siniu fedaib is a name for service-tree. Ogham letter named edad. for hence //'. put for Siniu fedaib. and : is written by ea like the alphabet of (deer). to wit. sweetest of wood. for é is a name it salmon. Uaraib adbaib. for ergnaid fid is to wit. for fair to wit. owing each of them to identity of ur. to wit. that aspen tree. for the trembling Hence for it was put for the e.e. it is name between is them. for idad. distinguished wood. Gooseberries are hence named. hence was edad. ui for hence for it.. i. written by u. was put for . for a name for honeysuckIe. structures.OGHAM Hence fresh. most venerable of fact. : that is ebad. the fauna i. oir the name it is of each of them. for it is a name for honeysuckle. oir. with him. to wit. Hence Ogham named woodbine. Tutinur fid uilleann. most buoyant of wood. for a . the mould of the earth it the name Hence is was put and for the letter named ur. with him .e. it i. to wit. in cold iiir. letter named the Ogham ebad. ng. ifin. for from uaraib adbaib. catJi. aspen. Sruiteni aicdi. 283 wit. that is woodbine with him. that is idad. service-tree. panacea (?).. Etiud midach. for hence the name idad was put for ibur. io. vew. in Ogham. with him. to it was put íor getal. spindle tree. by stag eo by eonasc (ousel). y&\\. juicy wood woodbine./. according to letter Hence was put that is for the owing to the identity of the is name is between them. with him. Ergnaid fid. that is gooseberry with is name for the tree called pin niilseni feda.

ar ginol garmna. iii. emuncoll ar ach gia gabar ar Finit Briatharogam Morai. 44. Alargin: Ab^it^r briathairogam Mic \nd 0[i]c annso 5615 sis. -i- 7 ar a canach. -i- Comet is i ferrw in o fern na caill. gnuisi -i- Banadh ar asntaid is ban gnuis in duine in tan fid \n doberar uat[h] no uamun uimi. Cara -i- dil lasna ceathra in lem for luis \n ar a blath 7 ar canach. ar coimetas in lacht. Glaisium cnis ar is -i- beithi sin 'm ogaiin o bethi fair . 7-25 col./d. ut alii dicunt. -i- Uad-side fora fidh coib. -i- Uad-side for ogaini anma saír -i- aturu fen daír. Lut[h] bech uad-side ara fid -i- sail sin ara blath \n ogaiin. fora fidh coibnesa 5630 Gres \n ogaivi.284 ^^. 5635 8615-58 cf. Anec. uath cechtar de.cuillenw sen. uad tucad bethi (-i- sic in reliquis sequentibiis. Cara ceathra ar lem). . Tucad uad-side Smir guailí \. na caiUi.310 a 19 OGAM -i- Luad ar gabair saethaig ach no uch. Tucad 5625 coibhnesa ni« Bag ban fora garmna uath. 5620 uad tuccad lachta luis fair. ar is di doniter lestair -i- imon lacht. sin. Uad-side nd coibnesa. I Lower margin A Dhia a libair bai ^*^" guailli B. nesa in ogaim tinne secunduni alios ar is ainm tindi do cmWenn. is Tucad uad-side ogaim sin ogaim. emancoll leis-[s]ium araill.

that holly. to wit. maw of weaver's beam. ash. Alphabet of word-oghams of Mac ind Óic here below.. is encompassed with Hence for the Ogham letter owing to fear or terror. t. identity of name between the same two. fear. is Cara. Hence for its cognate Banadh gnuisi. though Finit may be taken for something else. most for silvery of skin. Cara ceathra. for bloom and for its Hence it is put for the cognate Ogham letter. that catkin. 1. is willow. hence was put sic i)i reliquis sequentibus. for dear to the cattle the elm for its bloom and quicken down. Word-Osham of Morann. letter. Glaisiuni cnis. that forest. for hence was quicken tree. to wit. blanching of face. s. f.e.e. n. letter. to wit. for is the birch of the birch. of weaver's le. tinne. to wit. Smir for tindi guaili. activity of bees.! OGHAM Luad iich. from alder of the it forests. elm. ! expression of a weary one. friend of cattle. ah is alas that is him. fires of coal. to wit. Gres sair.. Hence it was put lacJita. b. oak. Bag beam.. tree. h. to wit. 285 i. ban. witli it ach. scBíhaig. ae. carpenter's work. huath. it. to wit. 1. . for the Ogham put for luis. to wit. for it is it guards the milk. Ogham from birch of the it . to wit. are made the vessels containing Luth its bech. to wít. ut alii dicunt. cognate is Ogham i. is d. Comet guarding of milk. Hence it was put for its for its cognate Ogham letter. einancoll. for onancoll taken for ach. that is the that Ogham alder. Hence . uath for blanched a man's face when he is stands for each of them. secunduni alios a name for holIy. for of the milk. fight of women.

in Brigh Sinnnin -i- quert. uir in talman dogni silad na clann rad cuirtir Silad clann fid dono do 5655 o uir in talman do radh fria -i- frisin n-ogaiw rogab comainm ur cechtar de. 'i- straif. -i- . rogab 5660 ainm uad -i- ebad. Tucad uad-side sug in rois fora fidh Ruamna dreach -i- doní ruamna na ndrech 5645 drech dano do rad fri co mbi ruidead ruis in ogaini intib. [coll]. Uad-side aile uadh -i. duine.«ingech B. Uad - side fora fidh comainmcomainm- Moridrun nightech. rogab ainm Crinem feada no claidem -i. 8638. . Anec. Uad-side fora fidh coma. Cosc lobair (col. ar is i cetlabra gach duine iarna genemain 5650 -i- Fethim saire no fedem onn -i- o.286 BB. -i- Aruusc n-arrligh comainmnig[th]ech. ar is tri ruis scribthar side fen. Uad-side fora fidh coibnesa Uad-side fora fidh coibnesa.idadh. 44 '^ cowai«. -i- Comainm carat i edadh isin caill. 3ioa36 OGAM -i- Cara bloisc ogaini. Tosach fregr^: a. muin Uad-side fora fidh 5640 Mednercc. forin fidh n-ogaim. nigthech. is i Siladh clann. ar inti.43 cf. Ruamna on ruidead no on ailm sin rus. /3) -i- elenw for in fid \n ogaim. -i- gort.9.\ninnigíhech n-ogani. ur les-[s]ium sin. iii.ibar.

said of the soil Growing of is of the earth. letter which has taken the same name with is to each of them ur. Brigh an duine. a man's for its Med letter. c. said of the it. i. Arusc back. or fedeni. to sap of the rose blushing is which causes the redness of the them. m. it is by r. vvit. woodbine Ogham letter. that is a . that him. Crineni feda. ebad. aspen. increasing for its was put synonymous Ruanma in dreach. Hence Hence for its cognate letter. corrective of a sick man. of secrets. u vvith is uir. elder. itself written. to vvit. Morad Hence it run. to wit. letter. it is TosacJi fregra. smoothest of work. q. to coll. wit. nercc. aspen. synonymous letter. synonym for a friend. letter. which has taken a name other than to wit. . to expression of every wit. str. onn^ stone. to wit^ service tree. friend of cracking. n-airlig. human being after his birth Fethini saire. to wit. faces. Hence for its synonymous Ogham Hence for the it. g. elder. from the blush or from the reddening. heath. o. which has taken a name other than to vvit. is Silad clann. the soil of the earth.OGHAM Cara bloisc. ea. sloe. yevv. so that Ruanina dreach. vvit. Ogham letter. to tree. 287 vvit. again. ailni. Ogham wit. said of the Ogham for ruis. or sword. e. for it ur. idad. Hence apple for its cognate Ogham letter. grovving of plants. Coniainni carat. Hence for its synonymous ivy. again. hazel. growing of the plants that are put into plants. most withered of wood. in the forest. Cosc lobair. r. that causes the it. to wit. to for the it. condition of slaughter. redness of faces. for the first is a. queirt. to vvit. force of the man. beginning of an answer.

nGrian (ng). Tearc Teith Cusrat -i- (q). 212-16 . Lifi. Temair. Uad-side forsin fidh rogab ainm uaid pin no iphin. Dindrigh. nGarmon. July 1874. (a). (1). Aicme 5690 Aicme muine Mide. for[or]c a cru [forglaisij (cc). Aicme muine Strur (str). Aicme ailme -i. 3IO/3I OGAM or. -i- Dinnogam -i- Bruiden. Quorann. Emain. Cerae.uilleann. Rigi 5685 Aicme ailme Aru (a. forglas (n) Aicme huat[ha] Aicme muine doth -i-cetothfind (h). : indoth cron (atr). fororc (ui). Gabar. Ogba. orc cru \eithi (e). Derg (d). fororc a cru cron (iph/. a cru loichi (i). fororc a cru \eithi (oi). Hath loch cron (s). (o). Femin. Seolae.eálenn. orc a cru cron : orc a cru 5675 forglaisi Foraicmi annso Fororc a cru a cru loichi findi (ea). Indiurnn. -í- Uad-side fora fíd com2ánmnigthech Uad-side forsin •{• in Cubat n-oll -i. cetoth forglam (m).i5£. cetoth leith^ (d). Kilkenny Archaological Journal. indoth forglaisi a Aicme orc ailmi orc a cru finwi (u). (t). Roigni. cetdoth 5670 loichi (t). Gabal (r). cetoth : cron (c). (q). Mucogam Finn (b)./). Linnogam. Aicme bethi huathíz h-Ochae.u'úleann -i. \oichi (ng). Nid (n). B^^-ba (b). Erbos. IHu. Eobul. fid 5665 Amram blais i- -i- pin no ifin. Uisiu. ogaim rogab uaide -i. pp. in so prius -i- ^Qgo Luimnech : Febal (f). indoth finni indoth \eithe (g).288 BB. bethi s>o pj'ius. Aicmi huath[a] Catt (c). Aicmi bethi (1). (t). -i- Muinten (m). (g). : : 5668-5829 cf. Lí crotha or 'm ogaiw. Nemthend. Aicme (f). Sinand (s).). in so. in(r). Uisnech. hon (h). Streulae.

grey o. Cera. heath. pi?i or its gooseberry. blue q. grey oi. to vvit. black ng. io. ui. Pig-in-pen of a vvhite sow a. Group H. Cubat ?i-oll. Tara. grey d. to vvit. River-pool Barrovv b. This is Sow Ogham.e. Seolae. Group M. Islay. to vvit. the Ogham oi. grey g. Fortress Ogham.. Erbu. Hence for the letter that has taken name from to \v'ú. T . Group M. Bruden. black t. to vvit. yE(Cualand). most wonderful of taste. Roigne.: OGHAM Li crotha. Odba. Shannon s. Usney. woodbine. Group A. amber io. Navan. b. n. White grey 1. honeysuckle. Ogham. blue i. Meath. Group H. Teith t. Foyle f.pin or iphin. h Othain (Fahan) Catt c. h-Ocha. Group A. it. Litter of a white sow m. B prius.. to vvit. to vvit. Dinn Ríg. amber c. blue ae.e. Graney ng. Nith n. Rye r. Group B. Sruthair str. Streulae. 289 Hence for íts great equal-length. Liffey. Gabur. blais. Group M. nGarman. milch-) sow h. Hence for the Ogham letter vvhich has taken from it. Nephin. vvoodbine. Lower Shannon 1. black u. Gaval g. Diphthong group here Hog-in-pen of a vvhite . is group s.s. Eobul. Accompanying litter of a white (i. Femen. Muinten m. blue r. synonymous letter. This is Group B prius. Corann. Amrani ijin. Cusrat q. black ui. Indiurnn. it i. Dergderg d. beauty of form. to wit. This f. Aru a. h. amber e.sovv ea. to wit. amber str. Uissen. Group A. black amber blue Group H.

Aicme bethi -i- Beanchar.ihne: alath. necht. illait. Fearna. (.') Origg. faelinn. Aicme huatha huath. droen. ii fer. Saigear. querc. irfind.290 BB. ngeigh. truiteoc. Sruthair. druim. Aicme ^. 17 ^™' Maro Gr. dub. nglas. Aicme muine Mugna. 41 ^'^' Origg. •'^''^ Oíigg. ruadh. -i- i fer. Naínhlrard. xii. Aicme bethi -i. Quell dara. /rl. Aicme ailme -i. 310/3 23 OGAM Rnogam i- Aícme bethi Aicme uathrt Aicme muine Aicme ailw^ : besan. i v fir. lachu. quiar.ban. mna. Chiain 5705 macfu Nois. Liath. 14 í/ se//. sodath. iiii mna. xii. xix. iii fir. .Ard macha. Dathogam. Aicme hnaíha: -i- Durmach. temen. Tir-da-glas. Raithen. geis. 6. pp. odhar. 7. ii 5710 Minna (no mna) no mnaí. -i-i- 5700 Ceallogam. oglaich. flann. ii oglach. Aicme muine mbracht. v mna. odoroscrach. Da^nogam Fer no laech ar aicmi bethi : /rl. ''^'*^ I nycticorax cf. cron. rocnat. iiii fir. usgdha. ela. stmolach. srorca. : Oglach ar aicme muine iiii i oglach. uiseoc. : hadaig. V oglaich. -i- mintan. segh. gorm. erc. iii clerig ar aicme uathís: : bean. 5695 -i- aidhircleog. iii oglaich. liath. naescu. 7.

. (?). erc very white. Ferns. quiar mouse-coloured. inintan titmouse. ruad/i red. querc hen. two. Kildare. to wit. three. i. five T 2 . Clonmacnois. Bangor. Mugna. Man (Human Being) Ogham. (?). two. three. fceli^m gull.e. h-Irard (Cluain). etc. seg hawk. five women. Group A. huatJi terrible. a woman. stniólach thrush. Durrow. to wit. Rahen. illait eáglet Colour Ogham. Group H. cron brown. 7igias green. Youth for group M.OGHAM Bird 291 Ogham. usgdJta resinous.e. i. Group A. gorni blue. rócnat small rook aidhircleóg lapwing. fianji red. ge'is swan. aJad red. liadaig night raven (?). i.e. sodatJi fine-coloured. hán white. irfind piebald. Group M. Group H. dub black.. four. m^scu snipe.e. Group M.. mbracJit variegated. i.. odoroscrach scrat (?). one man. Terryglass. Group B. necJit clear. uiseóg lark. i. Minna nobles (or women) or clerics for group H. two. i. ngéigh goose. ela svvan. (?). men... Liath. tenien dark grey. besan pheasant lacJm duck. i. droeíi wren.e. four. Group B. Group H. Group A. Noendruim. i.e. five Man or hero for group B.e. youths. sorcJta bright. Group M. liatJi grey. Shrule. truith starling. Saigear. four. Armagh. three.. odJiar dun. Church Ogham. etc.e. one youth.. Group B.

XX. iii suid. Labraidh. ii abainn. 7 a ii ar luis. Aicme ailme arathar. iii mic. ord. V mic ^ninac ar ailme. ^"^'iS) aicme huatha siniiliter. i tipra. Tipra ar aicme ailme tiprait. carr. v n. loman. ii soud.rchoin. 14. ii milchu. fidba. rusc. strathar. iiii zrchoin. 12-13 5729 rigj^ g^ . : : i abann. qual. Aicme muíne machad. ii iiprait. usca. Daenogam cetna Caillz^^ ar : Laechesa ar aicme bethi a i iarsin imraet (no imirt) -i- ar bethi. iii aicme bethi : i archu [ii 3. Ogam Glais ar aicme bethi : usceach -i- -i- a. ar ailm. a ar onn. sic in reliquis. ngend.nghla[i]s ar bethi. Aicme huatha huartan. iii iiprait. 57-^ Origg. 310/3 39 gille OGAM ar Mac no iiii aicme ailme -i- : i mac. v ^rcJLOin. Conogam Archu Milchu ar -i- 5740 archu]. /rl. -i- ainm in righ 5730 tinnscanas on fid in ainm. 5735 Abann ar aicme muine v ^ibne. i Soud ar aicme huatha : soud. Rigogam -i/ mar sin do gabail ar uile. Ingena bega ar aicme ailme siniiliíer { oen do ar ur. a ar ur. epit. tal. sust. ar aicme huatha iiii : i milchu. milchoin. mar sin sis uih'. r . Macdachta ar aicme muine siniiliter. Aicme bethi annso biail. iiii suid. dabach. a Ogam -i- tirda. iiii diibne. iiii v iiprait. gat. indeoin. v milchoin. §715 iii mic. -i: nasc. ii ii mac. v suid. 5725 -i- Bran. a tri milchoin.292 BB. iii d^ibne.

watch-dogs. nasc ring. indeoin anvil. Group i. cedure (or method)... to group A. lojnan ropc. 293 four. one watch-dog. three. two. M machad rusc basket. to one for two thus down. five for u. three.s. . Maidens group M siiniliter. huartan . biail axe. dabach cask. in reliquis. five rfvers. two for o. Water Ogham. two. three.e. same profor 1. tvvo. one river. Weir Well for to wit. the name of the king that begins with the letter. to wit. name. one boy for a. to wit. sic boys. Nuns for group for H A simi/iter. Girls for group simiHter. i. arathar plough. epit billhook. four. to wit. King Ogham. two. three. Agricultural Ogham. Bran. srathar pack-saddle. and so all. three. sust flail. two for u. four. for group A. five wells. three. i. ngend wedge. one for a. ord hammer. one weir. Group B here. Woman Ogham all : B after the Tb. for Greyhound five group H. River for group M. .e. cart waggon. four. Rivulet for group B. one rivulet for b. four. gat withe. greyhound. Jidba hedge-bill. three heroines for group wit. tal adze. Group A. to wit. Watch-dog five for group B.. usca heather- brush. four. one boy. five for group H. five weirs. tvvo. to wit. n. two. etc.OGHAM Boy or lad for vvit. 1-^og Ogham. one well.e. to take for the Labraidh. cual faggot. Group H. one greyhound.

Damogam Tarb V ar aicme bethi tairb. : Samaisc ar aicme muine iiii i samaisc.5745 a tri conbuachaille.: 294 BB. iiii : colpthacha. v colpthacha. a tri áartada. iii samaisce. v samaisce. iii daim. iiii V oirci. Boogam Lilgach ar aicme bethi: iiii i -i- Hlgach. : Gamnach ar aicme huatha iiii i gamnach. Dam ar aicme huatha : i damh. a tri Mlgacha. immorro. e 5775 . ii conbuach. 57G0 lilgacha. aicme huatha don leth aicme muine don leth 5770 i- des: aicme ailme don leth Loscogam inann iat -i- fogail in anma. a do tarb. lenum. iiii conbuachaille. v gamnacJia. ii colpthach. v lilgacha. gavinacha. áaríada^ v áartada. ogam ban torrach -i- Macogam ainm na mna -i- fodhailter ann mani is bera lenum roime. a dho oirci. ii \Wgaig. Colpthach firenn ar aicme muine a tri : i colpthach. 5755 colpthacha. Dia mbera. : i oirci.mnaig. a tri tairb. ii samaisc. 1x\. i Dartaid ar aicme ailme iiii dartaid. ii dartaid. samaisce. v conbuach- aille. i conbuachaill. iii gamnacha. Oirci ar aicme ailme oirci. Caech««ogam fodailter -i- ainm in duine -i- aicme bethi don leth des cli: cli. 5765 Dairt ar aicme ailme. a tri oirci. 3iia7 OGAM : Conbuachaill ar aicme muine aill. ii ga. : -i- 5750 iiii i tarb. V daim. iiii daim. tairb. ii dam.

etc. Three-year-old heifer for group M. Group M. four. one stripper. four. two. two. milch cows. to wit. Ox for to wít. to the right side. five bulls. one ox. 295 Herd's dog for group M. pregnant is íf. Group A. four. three. Stripper for group H. the name is of the woman name divided there unless she bear a child previously.. three. Milch cow five to wit.OGHAM five herds' dogs. Lame Ogham. five lapdogs. three. four. two. viz. five three-year-old heifers. four. to the left side. name is to wit. one steer. to the right side. one bull. four. Yearling heifer for group A. four. five oxen. five strippers. it the child's t . two. divided.one bullock. Group B. one three-year-old. Group H. women Ogham. three. five steers. Ox Ogham. one herd's dog. to wit. two. they are the same. that is. three. three. Bull for group B. to the left side. one milch cow. group H. two. two. she bear a child. four. Lapdog for group A. two. one lapdog.. five Bullock for group M. Steer for group A. three. three. however. a division of the name. two. Cow Ogham. three. Boy Ogham. Blind the man's man Ogham. to wit. bullocks. for group B. four.

cetfidh Cearttharsna ar aicme ailme aínmer ar in na /z-aicme. umaideacht. Aed. co soised a 5785 coig ar in zoiged fid s^cip aicme. iascair- eacht no ibroracht. bud ingen berthair don toirrchius. sic usque in fineui. Brenaiwd. 5795 Danogam. gaibneacht. Ernen. Giurgu. naireacht. ron- Airigeacht. co cear[t]tarsna. Manchan. quis-''f^OO druidheacht. Basogam nianus aliani percutit lignoruni i- (col. Strannan. luamnacht. Ouiaran. Sronogam mera na lam imon fiar. Sinchell. 296 BB. 5790 Nsemogam ainm 'm nai. i- sroin -i- siniiliter do deis 7 do chli. 3IIC124 OGAM 7 dia ainm ann. Tigernach.// i i- tinnscanfa gabar ar in fid -i-. enaireacht. a dho ar in fid tanaise. Biadogam -i- 5805 bairgen. Finden. Cossogam i- mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain don lethdeis imon lurgain ar aicme beithi. /3). sreghuindeacht. Fiartharsna na lurgan ar aicme -i- mmm. H-airchetul. Ultan./. in is lenim fodailter ann mac. Oena. Bethumnacht. hAdamnan. fihdeacht. lenacht. Laisrean. Milaideacht. cruitireacht. sairsi. Cronan. leamnacht. . notaireacht. Ite. Nesan. nGeman. mbe litir forcraidh Mad coimlin. Do.. ogmoracht. Ruadan.man. cli 7 a tabairt 5780 Don leith ar aicme huatha. ngibaí. tornoracht.

it dívided there If it . wizardry.. usque iji finem. . Cronan. Laisren. deer-stalking. fowling. to the fingers of the hand about the shinbone for the letters and to put them on the right of the shinbone for group B.. Neasan. Síncheall. Aed. to wit. nGeminus.. similiter to and left. brasswork. till it two the for the would reach it five for fifth letter of whichever group be. pilotage. UMiMS alicijn percutit lignorum. sweet milk. letter. right to wit. and if it a boy. Ciaran. shinbone A. Oena.OGHAM that is ís 297 there be a letter over. Soldiering. across. Ruadhan. turning. Finnen. fluting. Tighearnach. Trisyllabic poetry. would be a daughter tliat will be born of that pregnancy. smithwork. viz. wit. fishing. viz. sic to wit. Nose Ogham. George. it name of the Saint with which letter. poetry. Art Ogham. Straight across for group one finger second for the first letter of the groups. modelling. the fingers of the hands about the nose. H-Adamnan. to wit. or yQw wood work. will commence is taken for the Brenainn. athwart. dispensing. notary work. Bread. Saint the Ogham. Ultan. harping. Food Ogham. Palm of hand Ogham. be an even number. Livelihood. Donnan. To for the left for group H. Sovereignty. harvesting. Athwart the group M. Ernen. Manchan. handicraft. Foot Ogham. Ita. viz. Strannan.

ut est. ii. est in 7 hac figura.: 298 BB. Q^^WacJi.// fo muine dono -i- remut tairsem fo fid i nderid in anma. a tosach do > scx'ú^enn iarna fedaib dilsib. ut est -i- /[ (1)1 Ifll Míel R -i- ruis.. 311 /3 II OGAM Lusogam i- ainm secip ut est. braisech ar bethi. . ita asa fid medon airlegthar int ainm. ut est. in fidh sain do scribhinw i tosach anma ar son a anma fen ~ .-. Cend a muine tairisem fo fid i -i- 5810 tosach in anma in -i- in fad as a hainm frisa cosmailHgeacht tosach secip anma. 5820 Nathair im ceann in fid toisech in -i- anma do scriben^ i medon na craibi. l certle. nac-^ losa do ga[ba]il ar in fidh a tindscanfa. £"2). deredh in anma do scvihenn iarsna fedaib dilsib. ar ann tosach in anma. lll Cend Cotarsna int oga/. / int do scxVoenn co direach uada co dered na craibi ainm . 5815 > Hi l l ° -i. 159 821-9 /. S820 /_ > /\ \\\\\\§/ 145-8. 7 in is coimdes a airlegind sis is suas. Ocus ogum n-airismech ainm ele \n ogmm-sed. 7 a scx\}oenn frithrusc co tosach na craibi conid inann i ni bis tosach 7 a nderedh na craibi tit -i- dered in anma 5825 issed bis a cechtar de. Jú.

again The opposite of the foregoing : Ogham. ball of thread.e. to wit. Head far as the Bush. 1| |[ cert-/e. Ceallach. it 299 take the name it of whatever herb be for the letter braisech. i.— OGHAM Herb Ogham. to to write the first letter of the of the stem. so that the ?it is the same thing end of the that stands at the beginning and at the stem. to wit. . indifferent to read it in hac figura. it is end of the word est which stands on each of them. for with which l).. name name the middle straight thence it end of the stem and to write backwards it the beginning of the stem. first letter of the name. Ruis. ut est.. its to wit. Head under Bush. to write the begin- ning of ) it according to j proper letters. consisting of a letter at the end of the name. to write that letter at . consisting of a letter at the beginning of the word. i. to the to and to write the .e. etc. name for its own name and the end of the name according to the proper And persisting Ogham is another name for ut est. . for there (p. ^ "'" i.e. as name of it (the letter) resembles the beginit ning of whatever word the beginning of the to write letters. in Serpent about Head. i. Mael R.e. up or down and it is from the middle of stands the it that the name is read. in tit esí. 29). will commence. be. wit.. kale. ut est 300 /5. this Ogham. ^ I I jl -M—. to to wit.

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i ^iinjf.1íí:i<J)iIcu"^i- .i. II ot Ot/in vthfjta^. i^lf.Iil5<ictj<«c t-Iih 7 jé.0l.ffio roTpícT<fTWOO f?ÍOT Tk)OTi iMct&i7faJtT?t»^f6'-a3tri7KC 2| . icmtti.tmiie.TOfi3jcegt^p»<t.Tne.s^-ti ^. .P«nclTsiK§' I>x^^tv ^ .fi^ T)<iT/icmiJ. ^^^VKrif<t^<iit Tiír if 1i ber.T»i a.<i) D^tManlIi/vtic mw U*i^<'F ^ecínBTf.i.trrtm C<?<|<^^jmrf j^?: di1-.T t ítí2:^i-53tK^.^<l«j ofim.r^^ac'x^^tin rttC CWj/*^»|ptíWtB. St^^-N^^ S^^'^cc.tt 9 tti.iin g if-o Stttnoíf^.1< :^. á^ iir. íCtnr.»eMca.1 .Krthitarmi^ afinj THíppo . ^^tn.t9ivU^Vt íji /t C*no <tnnne.^íli^ÍTi-i'T^lvicw.tf. e/iTien.-porhífaji <W -itnt^ letm . «jftcíe i^ iv* ^tí^ojíi.u.f^j TTaoOíWTTÍ^-pfací^ "Tttto-n 0.t.a.Htie. c >(.'^ iKíci6T.<fic tmiTtwili DÍf uif tíiíraOTjtf*! CcTi p3imin> t)o-C<Jty7-r)ti ftD3«'7iWitir.7K»fiTÍ.Ttn|sr.ttn.<»iíi jKKip ihj( i.g.1..|:wn.1 ' BB.'Ooiitm.<ÍHt'co?trii1jin)ts^i"ScJJWTiroTírictj ac txíciln 3iof<ftrTiT&Tf Tro7ac7<ít)0^a&.it ti.Tyti.<l)-ii.~ ftsS^.^íioe^^. 2 ''ocíi.im. 5 ro 1 12 '3 14 i^^ 300 . a). ^dlf tni i-<ínat..<íic. Tiuc T^brf «tvTOj.'6<i^\]f.<K-f»fti!i.l ttn nwi%if cojoc |wp umi tpcrpft íi(rf?í|»j t<o. ^ xtsp^cr<fm tHimiHí.í'tj.T^ U^iWOrtti. - vwefi i)ii' •<> t^o tMiiic vlbo .í)'on' iif.«in *Kto^J <í?.' -c.'U.cti :^<nc. /li3Tf^<fj\\íytíStp cjmOTf.irxíni.^ fpo fCK7ncr Himi vrrofíic rfr^WI^' c oofí&^t^thí^ 1 tofw^i..Oi7ieoí<fT»<f V ofpí?T. . Qoí^ i.io?» trhrtnBtt i'-'t«Tm tfe <n2 TUnTttJWitc OTi ~i Dwnitw "tic •f ao ^Si tfi. aí".' ti4Ío<ícoí^eoTKicí&t7<i)ní&:f^coocD7* p.9.it^^'vWc 1. Tt^. IVRHítntn vJorwnXT5iKjc .o. itii. iiíniT).rÍ5ar<j<tif. foo4:r<Sí5 ^ mim^rfm Tccffio ottííctS&wS.tic tUTÍ^ivf tVD iMffa frfti 70*71«/ f'írjar • "WfÍB^tífiwp-'i'^nB cfiff.oSO'íp^tif in^iSi 4'»itc tmiíé i.lUitc^ laHiíi-i.i. 1.ii.Ttpjj4icait:t.<íí^u.i.r <|\f)tfcti :^»w. vj tpia nm.tTioí •>«di.Vl)c 03= tos5''b<iii twiliíníptifrira' tí)<á^.<*^ 3 ttrj u ti t> (.^ .nrS-Tttr.7t1WÍM"r iffl.5-ttT.^<tínK|tl.S«» «Hfc <^»/ic. '^oj. fi»' sj 7.8. tlC4."c?ntnopf: <finf<<irtf.tijitvV j4íicuihl. .a <^ •1.-6-705r<r'fi^TJ'\\-^ efe 1057-^ tici .pTrti.v tif fpTTM: 6í7^i.ir'pK{c^jfTHiTMti7 ^S*! <t.irHm?<iIw' .txr .Ttwtf t<tr. vvrmo^ C/nmjp/f ^'ie- jWácír. ^Mjdit tnínw.-pio .Oo'írn. •S«ni'}<Siiyr9oiií«c aíif*íbiit«.^éRfJ 11 nii. T«rít><iti.ittnti FTKft'TnTifiMnf<t5«%^fpa I>7i«ww.tt.inc.l. ttiSíif.'W.\itrj^fp£rarfí77\.C^anb^ <^l€5íoyr7f(Wf 2^WJ tiwn.t 'JJuiHje«íri fv'fupj iíC.1fríxniti l>7iII.9-ttti.iifl.^UTIJH tTSWKIt1. 311 pavros. <o I pfctp vii?í $7101105^ •1vfi?n<i iwttím ibu T^wtTi 1 -^ttc 00 OCTf 7 .íMtHHtf <íflb?ínoe T dTc."CTwwHi'.soi&TWjr. ÍHtfo JoS^.ctrffXti i ti^pgm- TmÍ^.

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Ladogam. 5835 7 (Unnamed. — Secret Ogham of the warrior-bands. — etc. one for b. that is the number of strokes which are written in its formation ut in figura. fawn for group M. 9 Aliter bethi.. Stag Ogham. — Ladder (Ogham) Fionn 5830 2 et reliqiia sic foraicme i n-ar ndeigh. hind for group H.. aen do 5855 XX do idad. one of them for the first letter of the group..ine -i. iarnu ar aicme m. i. 7 n^ar sin uile co 5845 roised ar in fid dedenach -i. — Three-stemmed (Ogham) of Fionn.) 13 Ilaind. so.. -i- ^^ <. elit ar aicme h.e.—— — FORMS OF THE OGHAM ALPHABET.) Cruteni. sic diphthong group behind 3 us. 8 Ceathardruimnech Crutine. hart for group B. 1 ETC. 5850 11 Runogam na Ebadach Fian.e. of Aradach Finn andso here below. the depth in which the letter stands in the alphabet.. 10 Osogam aicme beithi. [of Ilann. — Hinge Ogham is here. Aliter so all.e. five. two for the second letter. 5860 viz. (Ogham) of 5840 mar so ar uili. (Then follows a composition in this Ogham.aen dib ar in cetfid na aicme. sis. i. — Ebad-fashioned.) 301 . Luthogam an^/so.. Ogham of Bricriu.. i. — Four-ridged Ib. > 12 (Unnamed. Trelurgach Fínd. and so on till it would come to the last -i- dam letter. (Ogham) -i- 14 Ogam BriíTcrenw in doimni i mbi in fid isin aipgitir is e lin flesc scribthar hia uath ut in figura beithi. í.a v. a do ar in fid tanaise.. laeg ar aicme 2Í\\. 4 Tredruimnech 5 6 — This three-ridged (Ogham).e.. — Canal Ogham. calf for group A. twenty for i.

312 15 16 17 i9 5 24 >»ic -QíCC -WC vmhM V.1.i.^.CTOTi:mTsk!rAíoo^ 32 33 i v5i^<»SF.m»líf? wlr ^.1H ^ A^ 30 vf^oS^Í:tra%<rc-lHÍ)..71 tsi^^Híí Í5..BB.!. 39 41 n-^l^"?^ 'mítrifc5t.fv' c * 42 302 ..^ _ r . 34 "p 4.^aTiAi»TTiil^^ 37 40 .

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. sin anma tosaigh.da ai. : an alphabet. gach Ogham on which is one... 5875 17 Ogam adlenfid. seg-nat. two names.da ainm do ?. Shield for group H. the beginning of the first name to be written up to half of it. 18 Gleselgi [glese selge] i. one of them for the first letter of whatever group. Sword for group M.e. Crad cride — Anguish of a poet's heart. Labraid. 26 303 .. track.e.cach trina cele dib -i. gai ar aicme bethi. b n r a.— A little. 7 dered in chetanma ina dhiaidh.e. 9 : Gr. i. 16 Ogam fid : ar a mbi aen -i. last in the name ut est in hac 5870 figura. i. and the end of the first name after it. Lat. to wit.e.. cf. aliter aliter hunt5895 ecis.. 5890 bec-an./m. scribthar ac denam anma i n-aipgítir -íin n-aipgitir is e is tosec[h]u áedencJia. two for the second. one stroke too many to be written with every letter. etc. i. b n r a -i.in fidh is nesa don fidh do ^cx\hend imaille fris ga?2 to/r. feth-nat. 32.e. the letter vvhich is earHer than another in an alphabet is written earlier in forming a name and the last. Hunt-track..aenflesc forcraid do zcxxhend la et reliqua go v gacha. dedencha he b in 1 ainm ut est in hac figtira. Labraid.tosach in cetanma do scrib^wí/ connigi a leth. Claidim ar aicme m.. . a da ar in tanaise..15 Ogam fidh isin uird is ínt ord bis toseachu quam : for aile na fedhaib i . Conjunct Ogham. two names to be written. gleselge.. Origg.n*sc.— Order Ogham the order which the letters have . spear for group B. Bran b 1 d r a a i. a small deer.. i.a small sea: 19 —A calm. and wherein are names which are formed identically.cx\\)end •\. 7 dered in anma ele postea . each of them through the other. Arms Ogham. i. and the end of the other name postea .e.e. those of a first name and those of a last. as they stand in the two stems there. 21 Ogam ac[c]omaltach -i.. inund. 7 tosach in anma ele ina dhiaidh.e. 387. and the beginning 5885 of the other name after it. ^^^2 conlisio. Tusk-hilted sword 5900 for group A. amal atait isin da craib an<^.Bran 5865 d r a a i.e. up to five of each. v. Calgadeg {sic) ar aicme a -iaen dib ar in cetfid gibe aicme. i. little gleselgi. i. i. sin 7 derid. 6804 d-gidencha B. i. i. the letter which is next the 5905 letter to be written along with it without interruption. 5880 7 ita anmanda a ndentar.ler-an: gleselgi -i. — Letter rack Ogham. -i- 20 Armogam Sciath ar aicme h.

)./boil. air cair. fernn. gaeth. etc.. miliu.- Of extra groiips and syllables of the Ogham here according to the excessive powers whereby there 5915 are syllables. 5925 aball midiu. edlenc/. edadh./di. 27 Bethi. midoth 7^1. soil. of a white. tru. forghlas leithi. and extra alphabets of them. 28 (Unnamed. saildrong. findi Jú. rect ai. 5920 : : — 24 Sigla. straiph. nect huath. Rolad iarum int ogam-sa ina ucht ic tec[h]t a cat[h] Muige T. cron. Dodaiwg Brec oc foluaich lucht as. ardoth : findi fuirid derg Cruithean f^rorcan so ma. : . ColumciUe. cru. ol on. coll. quert muin. Sigla. drong. caect. elen<r/.se. leitheal.). ruis ailm.. i. : cedoth fin[n]i. luis. Ogam romesc Breas i. eng. s. sect. tri. ui. sa. leam.. with -i- above the first i 304 . ''"-** beithi. c no onn. Ceallach. ing. strmrect. p no ui.— litter 5940 blue Sow Ogham accompanying 31 white. -ino no no.e. extra groups. ean.-Bres mac Elathan i. liath.. bran. 5930 idad ea./. Twin Ogham. 25 goach. ti. clu co . ar in fhid -i- da bethi for i. f(?rglais. ur./bir. rait qu'úlenn : : uinus./ (gl. ngíE]. : 26 Beithi.. ai. grey sow.//>eg.«). bran. nin \\tiatJi.-tech). : ferus. bb for b — -i- da fidh Inunda. ibur. gius.. uili. tucht. bran. 7rl. g'úcac/i. quiar maei (MS.. ngedar. Romebaidh 5945 iarum in cath fair-sium gen robai ac legad in ogai. (2) cai no sei. (gl. Abbreviations. grey. eth. ur. coll. letter. trom. — Abreviations. ong. naii). loch.22 Ogam eamnach ar b sic. Cuilibadh. 7rl. ach ui oi aí au. sail. nendait sge. onn. gort. two identical letters the su\ 5910 23 Do foraicmib 7 deachaib in ogaim andso air n<ircumai[n]g brogmoir lasna biat a deich 7 a foraicme 7 a forbethi. fect. 5935 Mailsem (gl. dodai. sis 30 Mucogam cedot[h] : find. etc. áerg (gl.) 29 Saitheach fochrom. ict. (i) bacht. black. ia.zg brec. dair. tect.e. oc fínd. lact. cru. oi. draigin. dur. amber. fern.ba ges do dul sech gan a legad.

the first letter of 5990 305 . nin ar nin 5960 ae. i. bethi. i. ddd.. 1 for M. or ch. -i. a v. no cc.. or cc. Proscription.Is í lin Uti'r bis isin so apgitír ín ogaim-sea -i. e for b. 7 in fid toisech do gach aicme ar in 5965 fid ndedinach -i. dd.. to wit. i.duir ar bethi. is ia no p se. no ch. 7 gach fid ara cele isin aicme uili. v tinni. the last letter of every written for the first letter. labairtízr anc/ . five . d for B.in litir deghinach don ainm scribthar ar son in feda -i. viz.. i. the letter is written with all the letters that stand .. /rl. or ch. no ch. luis ar sail (si'c /. feada nama 5975 fern -i. of every group for the last letter. 7 -i- ceathar luis.) 32 Ogam áedenach. ii duir..nin ar bethi. 7 mar sin uili.e. / bethi ar nin. and b for and every letter for its fellow in the whole group. four letters only are spoken in it. and everything to be turned all bacUwards into itself ia or p ae. f.edad ar bethi.the last letter of the name (of the letter) is written for the letter. a v -i.in fidh dedinach do gach aicme scribthar ar in fidh toisech. no da cc.e. a v.scribthar ín ainm in duine. Afterwards he lost the battle while he was reading the Ogham.e. bethi. da tinni. no ch.e. n for n. d and t. Ogham of uproar of anger. five d.e. . Jú. etc. dd 35 1. f for A. Ogam ae. i. d for b. s for 1. iiii tinni. This is the alphabet of this Ogham. Final Ogham. five all.5955 in the person's name. a v a v. no cc. tin«i. : iii tinni. fer« ar ail[m]. V duir tinne.in cetna fid do gach aicme ar in fid tanaise do cach aicme ar uath. dddd. 1. nin ar {ern. besides being written. Ogham for t for H. and the first letter 5970 : : i... tri duir. : 34 Ogam ar abairtcír -i- cethrur duir.. (Each letter. ttt.. a v luis ar luis [/. — 5980 which is called a foursome. . is spelt. sail ar luis. muin]. : — : 33 Cend ar nuaill -i. and so i. n íor f. tt. x. i. 7 gach ni d'impodh inti fein uile frithrosc Head on group n.. ttttt. five . tttt. ddddd 5985 t.e. a v . n for b..duir ar t'mm ar uath. fid iarsín The Ogham which confused Breas son of Elatha vvho was under a prohibition not to pass on without 5950 reading it.). buaidir foranwa -i. luis.. da duir ar duir. This Ogham was afterwards thrown into his bosom as he went to the battle of Moytura.e. 1 for s.e. iiii duir. /rl. in tres fid do gach aicme ar muin. or cc. .

every second letter of groups and H. — 305 . before group B. five : the second letter oí every the third letter of every group for .) Ogam rind fri derc -i. i. backvvards. .. mane (?) back\vards. or ch. etc. Enclosed Ogham. for group M.aicme ^^^^ ailme frit[h]rosc ar aicme bethi -i. and b 6000 : m — for group H.) Ogam maignech -i. i.every group for B.fraech frit[h]rosc -i. in -i. secunduui alios.aicme h re aicme b. 41 — Great dotting. 6010 Ogam cumusgda 7 Si'únie.. 71.e. i. the same.. . and h for Group B.e. — Mane (?) backwards. and A.. five. i for b. B. 39 (Unnamed. for group A...e. for H. i. i. and group H.e.ruis ar uath ar idad Aicme bethi ar aicme ailme 7 uath ar ruis 7rl. 36 (C/. group A. 7 aicme a'úine re aicme mu'me. 37 (C/.) 40 Brec mor.e. etc.maigin iter gach da fid -i6005 cocrich na.e. group H. se. group M. Combative Ogham. backwards for group B. five .. before group M. {rhhrosc. two letters..gach dara fid d' aicme bethi 7 hnatha do scúhend cumasgda gach dara fid d' aicme mmne cedna. r for li.. or cc. r. frithrasc J aicme uath[a] ar alaue Point-to-eye Ogham.//c? don fidh fen. 42 Ogam imarbach -i. 70. for i.. Mixed Ogham. i... to be written mixed every second letter of 6015 groups M.e.. group M. an enclosure between every a limit only to the letter itself 38 Fraech frithrosc. 6020 and group A. i.. i..idad ar bethi 7 bethi aicme mu'we ar aicme uath[a] -i. backwards.e.

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-^V^:'i--^^-^^0Í^ -" -flft^ P W«W««W u ^ ^'^3^1!^r^ iné(^i^\i^ l ^ 60 ^v.Víf^//i/' 54 :^s«m^'^tePfef ItTimw^^™"^^ ^""' I i_" II li iiii . 1. .3Í41 33«- . 61 i r/rt^jrffixt.'miHf"^^"'""^T*^Tffl' 48 Í5»*^' .m W liM'lil 56 ^ 66 d|*»iWiiíTÍs«T*ÍÍ) nn nwwii .BB..."*' 77 . 313 - ^í t 1: r •" in TlTltl..'?.^ 75 r<5«r^ 76 ííi..á*o><l*' „.^^?^^W5^^^^^7^^ 307 tnqjufg.

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e. five. 308 53 (Unnamed. i. — Ogham of Dedu. the letter itself to be written thrice for itself. Ogam Dedad.e. Steadfast Ogham.tri feda eter gach da fid d' aicme bethi. a stroke between every two letters in regular Ogham. 6055 49 Brecor beo. for a vowel. etc. ar is ina medon ata forba na ceithri n-aicme. to be mixed backvvards with 6030 group B. for there are the B.riab eter gach da fid i certogam. ar na bet da fid for aenlit[ir] -i. i. c. Ceand debtha.. 51 52 50 Ceand imreasan. — Infilleted. no change. a v -i... to be mixed with group H. Host Ogham. luis ter (ina thri). i. and c cccc. for 6040 there it is completed. 6035 leni da reib Two 46 Ogam 7 sesmach. c. /rl.ina thri) aire fen bethi ter (ina thri). .. i. ar is a medon inonn. i. cc. — Head of dispute. and H. End to end Ogham.. ar is and forbait//É'r.e.. The extra groups similarly. stroke smock Ogham. 6045 Corn-field under colour.do ind na craibhi do ac[c]omal -i..e. ..in fid fen do s.e.. Coll. 6060 . Na foraicme mar sin. ccccc.. group M. 48 Coll ar guta -i. i between b and 1. b thrice. for its middle is the same. /rl.zx'úiend ter (-i.e.aicme b 7 aicme gan cumscugud.) 54 Insnitheach. and group M. — Strife head. for in its middle is the completion of the four groups. — Lively dotting.aoncholl {sic /. groups. with group A. as a leth deginaigh leghthar prms. 47 Gort fo lid.) 7 da choll 7 tri 6050 cuill 7 ceithri cuill 7 m coig cuill. group A.— — — — — — 43 Sluagogam •i- i.. 1 thrice. and from its latter half it is read prius. i. three letters between every two letters of group B.e.6025 aicme ailme do mesc frithrosc ar aicme bethi -i. 44 Ogam ind co ind -i. the tvvo ends of the stem to be joined. aicme m do mesc ar aicme h. for group B. i. 7 coll ar aicme ailme. etc.idhad eter b 7 1. 45 Ogam -i. i.e. i. ar is and bis aicme b 7 h. ccc. that there might not be two Ogham letters for one letter.e.

6065 ebad etar gach da Ebad-fashioned. Ogam Erimoin. c i.d' aentaib uile of Tlachtga.. i. and it is for brevity 6095 that there are but two letters of every group written.— — — — 55 Didruim. (1. the letter which touches the letter on its shoulder to be taken off along with it without making use of it.) 69 (Unnamed. 62 (Unnamed. — Snake through heath. 58 Ebadach -i- i. — Ridgeless. — Interwoven thread.e.z/usa -i- — 60 Indiupartach ands[o] cetfidh. -i- Is e cetfidh — 61 Taebogam Tlachtga Side Ogham -i.e.e. 309 . na fega-sa sis. benas] in fid ara gualaind do buain imaille fris gan fognum fair. 38. Separated Ogham. >—^^— (Ogham). 7 is ar cuimri nach scribthar acht da fid do gach aicme. an Ebad between every 59 tvvo letters. — Foreenclosed Ogham. i. Ogam fordunta. Toothlike [Ogham] of Fionn. Fí?. 72 Fiaclach Find. 56 57 Ogam Ogam focosach. — Place Ogham. It is the initial letter of the second group (which ends the first group).. 36. — Pierced Ogham. each group's defrauding another of the initial letter. — VVell-footed Ogham. fifth letter is severed. — Shield Ogham. ut est. Ogam in fid benai [1. 73 Ogam airenach.) 63 64 65 66 67 — Ogham of Erimon.. ut est. g090 70 (Unnamed. Bacogam. -i- in cuiged fid fod- ailter. diupairt gach aicme ar aile imon na haicme tanaise.) Ogam tregdae.) Locogam. i. 6070 Ogham of Fenius.. 6080 on one side all these letters below.e. 6075 Fraudulent (Ogham) here.e. Snait[h]i snimach.. Xathair fraech. — Bend (or angle) Ogham. negladae ndedlaide) the fid. fria 6085 68 {Cf.) 71 {Cf.

Hi. i.coig feda in gach of Ferchertne. di ailm.74 Rothogam Roigni Roscadhaig bethi a v. muin a v. (stc snaithi. 77 Sigla. gart. ict. og.) sruth Ferc[h]ertne -i.. five. 6100 M. huath a Wheel Ogham B. lii. ech. H. ruidriug iul. 75 Fege 76 Traig in Find. five letters each thread. dacht. rii.e. — Abbreviations. five. insci. 51Q5 arb.— Fionn's Window. 310 . five. A. v. — Stream strand /. fii. fict. ailm a oí Roigne Roscadach v. ind. five.

lKfe.wtlntr^ 'píwofb 5tí |xm ^Ww'ro t»7rh»D!nK0jfuc 1.^e eÍKn \ 83 V tu 1^ -rr flr- '*2'^\ -T -o- «. T^ SE^tn„^«c<:<tioeT«.«o 1 vjííjmiwn miiM^^i ^ff^rw^r féo.Tn^. tlaf^cecK7'<&rmníft.7»<n5Ji4P^o?r^^5TP"-_ ^&.waaT.cuinntc.1 311 . TOir7Pvtc.Woe.Tff.c<tt«^-^^^ ^iKfi5-i«tít.57ieic7l«a( rii xT.3..TnD.7^-^.fon7tj|n<liTnÍ vnioeTTtTU5iiotcofr\^ _?TOrfpí«'mt<í^TfT><«n'tip««ctor'"*'_ ..fl JT7~ 82 84 85 86 ^ips^<lfincn 87 88 90 91 92 93 C-f ci^mn Tnmiicat. sac títi piptv iT>«i wtT) TKnyéoeÍ5^ ?* <mW>ciM-Cf íniTK^6i (jaefá T?^wk riv' 7.'• cl.*« TwoJtHtioe.7totkf etO vfn p^iirTKi3<itííd ttf^pf-C^rf ^.^ «^^ tn <«a^7nc. »!•-?.71.tu3/>(«i onc^inolHP ^.5^Q--tK^ l<jit>itit)ititK»-iKttríi .lx^C-*"^'"'^^ TnHn.wb<PTns^lH7ríio'ir <sfÍ!^-.1»eici ttnf iinws«itT» oumaczw^i^H »f1ncm oqjCHWB-CVf . 314 79 í" 80 81 .ten.wáeí« .CfcM cld v^ ^ ^oo..aT*»^^'*'^''"'^^ iCl'''^- cwo^ jti? Toe Toc í^íá><ím> oosélíil» ffft» l)MÚ»1« .r. IflTSn^Ttw \7KitiTiyjSir »«^\-oojcV.-m.trrthff/ir^" xfT^jdctrlíiTstílwr^ ctí TtrÍMmiTvceoHÍtíerotoW"^^'"^ .i>rvl1nntia«t)5?ii'oWfm 7ioto.Xfomeín fiowfiw Tf Twm aTftrtml-j^ijplM _í r»í6ys: 3 w-^^lJlaitímTincsa-p-psJifiri 7iTY-6íii nítT^tc •ti*«'?ottf .ntHtcaR5 •plio -jíípMTp ..t.c>m.BB.

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. barque for B. Additional 81 Forfeda:— uaitea uilen ailm. .. monere nemnig Ogam ni dan n-imraigea. rosluinni di rig dian indscib ga. nuaill brethaigh dian 83 Traigsruth Ferc[h]ertni. Ogam Long Curach n-aicme. n-ogam fri n-ilarda dorada huair irrscrudain. Ship i. . 6125 82 Fiarogam. beithi. five : Full-rígged ship for H. n-eathrach fri -i- barc v.^ irrluní/.—— — : — — : : 78 tii : diailt : ban bachlach : inscii : : maidm cridi eors : gai eet : ara sesd : lat : nact dec indsci so anuas. huath fri •i- a v. . 79 Forfeda : — sigan : fain : aihn : : remar : ailm : : srub-aigi troigi trenoct enoct duiriu : coeliu aupai : ui bang : ue : gort guinche letters. is Ogam fo anaichnid i ceastaib coirib comairci ar 111 crand 6130 fri loch ler ceartach. ailm guinche. a v.e. No fri muin. a do ar 6135 in fid tanaise co roised a v. : : letters. five for M.. five : 6140 313 . in fid deginach secip na Strand stream of Ferchertne. 6115 Additional 80 Forfeda:— mane neal : : esci : : goth : : te : ongan : : ail : dea : : eth : oeth : taeb icht fisidect Hasairect emridoth : maicc. 6120 caetrae : samuil : : huic dirdin : oe : : dind : : híE : : tre : ebaid : enebaid dur didad fir Additional letters.. a v. ailm. a /En dib ar in cetfid. 6110 These are ten expressions above. — Oblique Ogham. Boat Ogham.

— — — — Coracle for A. heroines. Saints. five. :— bachlaid. laichesa. 88 — Rope Ogham. maith.) 86 Apgitir Afraicda. fea.— Anmand na feda raid. Fian. -i- 91 Ogam Ogham 92. Ogham. A nien. Aipgitir andso. — Egyptian [^read. or.— Names 6160 Incipit Finit dona hogmaib. be. Scandinavian 6155 here. isar. Synods. letter. } a pein. senada. sol. End Cinnus of the Oghams. i. 6150 uili.. 90 all. of the mann. naun. diur. (Unnamed. íirst two for the second the last letter of vvhatever group Egipta here. ar.— ViUing letters. 84 Fí>rcas-. 6165 313 . — African Alphabet.e.) Lochlannach andso. caun. 7 dona huraiceptaib. b^wgann. 93 Gallogam. mar sin Company Ogham — Priests. turs. One till it of it them reach for the five. it is In dei nomine sin. eir. 6145 Hebrew) Alphabet 85 (Unnamed. thus 89. Fianna. Beginning of the Primers./ is dar lim is How that. Ogam cuidec[h]tach noeim. : 87 Suag Ogam. langor. hagal. pen? and methinks good.

.

s. perf. 1813. a d-welling. ros. 4999. 3 pl. ad-midiur / atarommadair 5115 3 s. •!• succour.GLOSSARIAL INDEX A a height. Wi. adfoirithed aband f. adromus. 3. Metr. anmand aidmi relieve. atcouiar 4809 ad-daimim / acknowUdge. rechon. 7093 adrad m. 3 s. pres. I s.6. due. s. pass. 3 3 s. g. lawful. . atchiu 5230 with affixed pronoun adcimsus 3037 •!• adcimsi. &'b&ll {. •!• adroghmus 32 : adrodamas rodamad. 1844. /oz'e. Eg. 4092. Ecnda 424. pres. pass. adfoirithim uais / nos-nothrustar 2476. a house. obtains.2. Str.7. and Corr.p. uncertainty 504. achtach brave. 1185. adlenn hagarb 466. : C. hence áeraim / 669 . rough. 51 14. pass. 5736 abrochtur eyelashes. GL. dub a n-aerthar 5235 X . attib 5116 áel lune. 1553. ad-gládur / speak to. cling to. adfoirichin. a satire. n. air 1582. pres. uaraib ad-tibim / laugh. blog aeoir 901 f. adharia acuit an acute accent 2125 4418.67. f. 2973. ataraimhet. C. Laws address./. fut. coinciding.4. ani serais probably r-aromus 5126 816 pass. rodas-rommadair follow.''adbarrda causal 3800 ad-ci sees. ar ícntaidh 5555. Cor. 1355. Fel. atarodamair 5110. aentaigis 1634. Add. pres. aentugud m. desire. dona haib adhaip pres. 5112. Stowe 135. aítempt. cid dia n-aidéra d' oen[l]ocht gnim. 4530il.2. pret. fut. agree. margut cichestar 488. pret. uais Cf.1 . C. T. C. di satirise. ni gleacc. Wi. 4713 . áentai£rim s-pret.4' ()2. right. a worshipping. adoralm / 3 s. acht doubt. g. §654 ad(in)-com-ta áenta m.4591 apple-tree II53. 4283.a uathad 5072. cloch (no ael) 1088 áen. óen (i) one : (2) a singular •\. umty. ii*'i. recognise grant. 1482. 2881.s. áer áer the air. co abrat-chur. airmim 1998 airmidir 2173 3 adasramed uili 1903. 3 s. triadi[b] 5335 do threnfher. rack for spears. energetic acht -i^ C. 3 s. •!• ard 1221. accor. Tr. iry. eyehrow 3257. inf. / coincide. . adem f. 5328.14. rel. 114: SR. pret. adcodar 3546.5 pret. adore. doughty. amnis 1091. pronoun affixed adcotaidi-seom 133 3 s.8.g. Gl. 4783 ad-rím-im / numher. 2866. pass. 1945. instrument. e. .. 3 s.s. atib adbaib 5585. abs. acarb adlenfid 5876.2179. 2953 adaig adbae night raven (?) 5694 f. identity 1008. triasa n-agaiiht 1304 hoohshelf. air 1584 3 s. 20?9 2159) 5331. with . pres. Ed.4248. s. i s. pass. ar aentaid 5568. 2076. co hacarp 2931 accur hunger. abratchor bitter. : Thur. ada count. lampoon. C.

Wi. 2771 2715. Wi. ailes 2847. f. na cuimre 4120. 2847. vii. sirait. art 488. Cf. ce aild. : ealada. a tribe. group 5668 . ainm airme 4490. a driving 2731 aincess pain. •i- eala. áin f.s. accent. 4083.s. II. possession. O'Dav. O'Dav. aimserad m. ni for a n-aild 4408.2 (2) nominative case 799. alphabet. ailmi 989. . Cor. int aicned 1902 aicnead 5292.51 ái a swai!y aidircleóg oc a lapwing 5696 chanas 407. 10: Lism. caingen 393 . Lec. 7 aiccept a lesson III3. du thoit na haib. 8 497 ui. int 2667: (3) a combination cetainm ogaim ainm ogaim 1551. aiccent m. 49 note 2848.9. taoph uaim na alta ce aei 3680. Sg. aile dec one-twe/fth 1448. stone asib 742. int acept bliadna. da gním 137 : tigedus. di-ail ni haimsir fota 1575. 980 a timing.s. da .9. n. iii. 1922. 181. h-^t. 2600 4972 n. 407. 1659 . aireic f. 1530.9. f. d. : ainmneda g. secip na n-aicme 6137. 945. 1439 31.s. an-ce ailcne aild a small c. a naming. II94 -iailm aicmi 5649. suit 2782. 4780 Sg. 'i^ ail fuit 2958. seacht n-acenta I161. Tr. f. •!• 1880 a aicnid m. scieiice. aiccenta 1770. i ainseda 1649. (l) quasi pailm 4295 n. in 1902 n.p.9. 1088. . . kuowledge. g. a.8.s. se 742) sech in qumair 1574. 972. aicenta natural 2816. ainsid 1644. 91 1.5 397. cia halt huad 1577. 3443.s. iii. . ainsida a. aicce ain-mence 2443. Ed. ofletters. 4082 ail a time.s. infrequency io2. 4805. aicce fosterage III2. Ir. roclc. O'Cl.s. 946. 2795. 14 instruction. 4804. doroich int ainm 3586 (2) a noun. inscription. mides 408.p. 5*10 ar aicce deed. spUuter. aicicht ain-dilse inappropriateness 843 ainm m. : ing. (4) a numeral. petra 554. aibgitir f. teacli- aicceacht.8. ail XX.s. 1517. II ^'43 : haoi 2852. as 21 O'Cl. fri 1544. áilleaeht f.s. g.3. 2261. 410.3. the accusative case. 466. 1087. und Litt. aim-ger unsharp 1979 aim-nert weahness 969. 266. int ainmiud 906 1643. aicenta accent 4130. II.p. 2381 aicde malerial. gitrech 315 aipcitir aipcitri . 21 ailm ailm a palm-tree.F. aipcitorium 2710 n. aichnius C. duration 4133. oe 1938 . cen aipgitri 387.s. ainmnechad ainmnid forgnuis the m. cardinal number. Thur. a fir-tree. 2261.s. aill nob/e 5243. T. 38. te aiges 408. Laws guestion. Gr. : áib beauly. Lat. 220^6.1. 5491. ina n-ainmnidh 1678 ainmniugud m.s. : 3i6 águr ái 1 fear 5322 tc GLOSSARIAL INDEX aidbse suidheas 408. aicme m.. f. 5674 aipgit'r g. is . 2720. ái ái vii. aipcitre 2717. n. RC. •v aimser furail ál f. rofuaigh aib 1973. (?). (i) a namtng ^^^. Ed. Cf.9. Hdsf. ahecedarium. a. 4263 •!• Ed. aei •!• caingen. 2710.s. 4767 . IwHseheeping A-i^ gním III2. 975 . Lat. case 4667. 1659. dut- cause. 319) ^533) g. forsin aibgitir 349. Laws . apigitorium 350. g. d. da aigdi 2580. 2770 a. (l) a name. cen for •!• huadh 1827 1935 d. 'na ainsid 1678 . ail -i. d. aimsir. i aichnes m. 65 beauty 11C8. 2847. g.p.p. ainges 2108 difficulty. lesson II 12. ochtach 4293 5575- (2) the letter a. luis ailme 999.50 g.s. 411. aicnid forbaidh . nominative nominative case.s.2797 g. otha in hiowledge. 4117. an adjective 2659. cis Hr a aicme 5492 1645 9. a long time. a choral song ind aidbsi 1472. Stowe G/. iioo. 2847. uea eolus na hai 2785.

f. airchill fuit 2135. airenach Fiann 1169.8 sign. O'Dav. pres. • : airchell calaid ///</? ofa /lard. 4342 airdítiu f.2. C. O'R. 5031.3. 1470. . fal. i. C. n.p. (2) to the a irisel 5079. invention. hairchetul 5799 . continuous. : (2) a shield. (2) pattern. ripeii. trap for birds. fer-aib 1798. . C. ogam airenach 6097. d' oreiU 1703. aipcidhius 2712 practice 332. 4:520 counting. : Lec. 2827 airbiur bith / use. 2167. furze. air- 1661.g. airicil 1851. . airiti 2263 arusc n-airlig airchetal airlech a 5639- slaughtering.7 . n. 1948. 5379> aircealla f. a chiefprince. H.airceall 1651.- 2107. pres. airell 4716. aitheanta known. a. Ed. 5383 airiten II13. sraibh. a bed. 1895. alath 5701. gan airditin 1824.. 4322. feir 2148.8. dropping of a final hard consonant 1948. 1686 n. 499' ben. 926. airechtu a finding^ echta 622.3. (i) a metre. .s. 317 3 s.ó. airchelladh iarn-airbhirt nan-airbirenn bith 1895. 18 for airichell q. ben-aibh 1847 . risin aisti reamaind 1584 . air-inech ( i ) the van. a airichil f.la. 2190. e. piebald. 5492. n.poetrv. 4915 a. 505. 1723. airigh fedha 3379- C.s. airichiU 1984. 4892 co haireill 4900. 498. (i) a habitation : (2) locative case. n. 2105. 5072. Fer-aib mna-aib 5349 airismech airitiu f. 1518. 2146. 832. 1884. i. n. na da airichill 4990 . c. a uiriseal 2098. 1886 q. e. hedge 1192. defensive case. •i- 4251. inn atreib 1725 . ar fear a airicheall I5i8. : producing. 1958 d. nim-ib 1869 . 474 aisc reproach.7 aire a dam. deirc trisyllabic poetry. aitenn aitend m. C. g.g. 43 aire -xime no fal.p. the addition of aib laord 1947. C. 3 s. 1983. aitean 1150. aittreb m. 5379: a airchill fuit 1805.7.: GLOSSARIAL LNDEX aipgigim / airbert use. 1783.- (2) abrept'ive case airchelladh Laws : goid. airichill fuit 1874. inserting . 113 aircellad m. iii. 1973.g.8.2. airiall lar giges 351.2. I19I) 5522.s. : (2) lenition of t and of 8 1264. int urditeun 5013. 947. d. 742. sóeck/ed. enumeration fornelaib airde a airde a 984. . intan rosaig ind airiall 1710. auriseal 2176. ne a . quenching an extinguishing. aireachlain Hih. ind aisti 371 1 . Arch. fo aisti an Gregaid 11 56. d' airell 4699. C. characteristic 2828 aithnigte known.g. fer. e. 2685 . f. airceallad •i- (i) a plundering 1886. aib- airéll. .s. n-airismech 5815 acceptance. aircioll 4829. guth 5376 airchell fuit theft of a long. 1280. aisti 1509. P.2. persisting. CC. ogum g.3.s. airic 1019 Laws 5580. defence . aircill 4740 airigeacht sovereignty 5803. 5346. 4338. 4. a urachil calaidi 5374 e.s. a 1187. a. cia haisg 3101 aiste f. 114. : -i- egusc. preparingfor. Ó'Br.6. 337. C. •!• fernd sciath 5536. a aircealla calaith 5030 nem. airlchell a guarding.v. airinach Fian -i. n-airde aloft Laws airmidetu a 1412. 1509. Cf. a ceilm. 180 Anec. familiar 4955. fe a airchill calaid 1804. aithnigim. airnnelaib 2394. 4290. airísel.s.3. 979. ut est : aire srapha : O'Dav. inventing.p.s.) f. height 1246. beginning (O' R. (air-di-fed) a stretching. token. aire 4246. airndel a 985 . note n. 60 airec a finding. fence. (l) airdíbdud m. ainchill 1872 fhoriseal 1997. Z? aire m. rel. int aitrioph 2974. airec 3974.s. 2681. 2834. be a airichiU 1850. 818. aurísel (i) very low humiHation. practise. reception.v. Min.p.

d. criathar arba 636. error 1943. falaman 378. a plough 5728 arbor n. slaughter-hound 5741. ar-chú m.30. ailes 407. ) "i-P' 'i'^'' . pret. i n-anail ard high. arathar m. ar anocht fri alta 1237.s. alt m. pret. a poeís breath of five 930. watch-dog . 3528 . 4523 an aimiris 2349. 1577 li of anocht 2073 e. Wi. 18 a laudatory hexasyllabic metre to d. g. litnh. T. 5353: áin condition. infidelitas. ni aradu 985 n. (l) a metrical mistake. a . is caindeifriges a n- (2) splendour. f.71. 112. in(/a. unbeautifulness . 1585 an-áib 2080. ambi 1 1 70. failmean m. 2102. anrad m. ailmne for glun 1819. 779. 21 12. an-fls m. arding in focul 1828. Wi.. alta 832. anuchtu 2009 int (2) or syllables. 1 . amne thus.8. 734.g. anrocomraircnlcsiumairne longest V. s. HSD. pres. imne 4315.s. falman. : ind anbfios 3492. f. amra 5666. comroircnigiur a poet of Ir. arding defidh ne . argair and cen ni fris 5232. airden 4284 superl. 2069. 1578. ind anair 3672. Ir. 1577. 2934.5. 1970. andaidi 2351. catead a n-araide .g. 4654. 5830. n-anochtaib 2124 a. 3 . n-inad ailt 3684. 1577. 5222. proper a clí. ignorance. and Index a ladder 2425 . -Líjord the .s. g.v. 4660 g. Cf. 126 specific a meirical fault.8. 910. : Sg.4. n. ansruth. C. Lat.n (i') aradu a preparing. c. 909. to. an-fhéig unsharp 2120. 829. n. im arbor 637 C.pl. ZCP. 4814. 760. pres. airdi .7.3. fault.31. muin ardam anamaln iii. falman. a metre proper to an ollam.s.s. e. 1417. splendid. in Gaelic 1436. . a. a measure 740. Ir. airem a.s. 4815. anál f. crush. Wi. altaib 925. cach n-anaeb anair f.C. aradach Wi. 4654. 3349 f. a an-forbthe imperfect. aplanet. 835. wonderful. ailid 3680 rel. . 2231.nruth. n. dossaib 5548. d. arding dead 1357. compress. co n-anaeb. 3860 II 86.5. a prtme number 1443. q. Wi.5 alta 835. C. fri haltaib 1956: (2) a juncture. . 890.s. SR. virgin. arching 5241 or. . amuis gairg 2538 ó.3. amus m. inutits 469. 4853. superl. anruth. Lat. adj.f. anocht m.s. ut scias : 826. ainglaidi 5306. ann-on 5286 ard-rind 3537 3661 ardingidh in foucal 5018 n. 1643. ailter 3671. (i) a joiní.s. 925. GLOSSARIAL INDEX rear. glorious 1581. interval (between letters 2175 for a. am-beó am-lres li/e/ess. an-air (l) from the East the beginning or front ar-chingim I go : appi-oach.8 pronoun.1. ander gach ailsius 5319 pres. anfhis M'Alpine this word is stiU spoken in the Highlands. f. a n-aradnai 4819 cona n-aradnaib 1674. 2022. iachtadh 5575 1546. 15781 gort arba 5558 . 47*3: a' ghliiin. 70 characteristic. pass. compar. el. almnse 1854. enter.p. amram blais árad m. hring í<^. 195 n. ni maith int anfis 2773.p. T. T. absence nocht. zvords. n. ardingim / 3 s. with affixed andalde ander f. n. 1639. there. 1581.pl. faircle for glun 5C08. 1581 a breath. in spelling or pronounc- ing) 830. per inistrofen 510. 8. 5062. Wi. 116 metathesis. 3 (2) from s. almne a knee-cap. a.p. then. 931. 3i8 allm / . the second order. Lat. 1957 . 4493 anglide angelic. intensifv. a woman. le .5 áne slan 607. ind aibres 61 am-labar dumh. ainbfios 2776 g-s. corn. a. a soldier. 3 s.p. 3 s. anastroplie a en. 3862: (3) int alt co fesser.2 ár-chú masi ra. almne glunae. 2178. na vii n-airdrenda and there. per enistrafen 2^1^ formolad. 2069. iii. splendour 5174. iii. : d. unbelief^ L.

9. iii. seltling. bádim / droicn. •{• imramh 1326.4. ath-taircim I reproduce. a tenant-at-will ivho pays interest (aithe) for the land lent him hy hts chief apeasant. int . Ir.s. Cf. dona huraiceptaib 6161. first lesson. p. TP. 'which athgabáil eom1827.67 hshing. co ndaurba 1202. dep. coicduail in pres. priest. 2699. a stipitlation 5639. merge. mboil 5932 co baile place. for example 4672.. Gr. a retahing.2 c/ieck. C. 5493. § 668 áth m. a war goddess. co ndofir-baidhe 3920. Arch. (ad-com-sní) (i) anadvanc: 4507 d. crook. (?) 1226.s.p. Ir. arsanta grammaiical treatise. Metr. 4552 ath-nuaigim / renew. Wi. shelf bac Ogam the close of a medial stanza in a poem opening Ir. clu ath-denam doing again. vanitv. afight 5626. airisslm / 3 s. 32. staple Ogham. airnion 3637 a vovage. / tead aloud. rest. 1824. is fuiUed airnin pret. tng. verbum voluntatis.follv.8. aford 1274. issinn arus athtairgither 3153. baidhius 4342 conas-fir-bade 1202. exception.). S}'ncope. 1651. doathnu- 1558. C. a Din. aithig 4246. 2888. iar n-uiraicecht Mmmnig arusc n. n. repeating. a. s. ivar king 5157. gach ni aihairrigthir 729. estab- badb. make a copy of (_MSS. baeth criche 5289. . 225 bachlach m. •i- refer to. argg. 3381. 4355. a-ta-boind proclaims. and n e 1560. athfégrad m. g. 4700. 4977 as 1067. churl. reiterate. hinge or of half the the accented uord of 30. auraicept m. rel. bard poetiy. atabong tui 5458. na n-ecsine. attaircidhter. § 28 (3) the advancive case bicUaid 6150 1519. a weapon. seehing. ahode. Cf. 1777. 437. argan. success. a primer. 1475. airissid 1446. madh : fo athargab 3387. HSD. co nd-urba 983. eraicept 2260 reniain. T.GLOSSARIAL INDEX arg'anda m. an Ogham presses a Jinal ivhich is letter. 148 ath-forgab m. auss 4023 a holding fast. 4916. arnin m. Stowe Gl. monastery. a.3. Kilk. f. ata-boing. fastad a fostad 3983. isa ascnam u-hose is 5194 m. áros m.11. 754 . ar nglanbaile 5338 bairdne d. 1894. int in tres arnin cona n-athghabail diblinaib 904. int bachlach m. aró 3634.3 ros-atnuidh. 2639. arnin 1545.s. strife. crew SS^^- asgnamh ass tnilk. d.7. co nd-ourba 4314 bacc a kiss. Wi. 1234. 3. aighiuster Ir. ar-garim I forbid^ prevent^ argair 5230.p. badbrí a astad m. township. 743. lust 5390 báeth afool. 66. sialher 319 considering. airlegind 5827 acce/ií. is di auraicepta 343.s. n. fedair 4642. 4328 atharraigim / repeat.6. pax 1356.s.6. Laws arusc rére Lat. rowing. n. Ped. 1724. 0'MolIoy (h: 149 báes m. 3056 . g. elide. prosperity.7.9 757 . athaig bail excellence.s. . : iii. old.6. attach (2) the repetition at bacc crosier. asdadh 1022. f. a arsata ancient 1757. drcelling. cleric. Síippl. : ar-légim 5828 .95 alhraigther 3485 bág í. Wi. C. a regarding. 4536. airlegihar F:an. 3 s. 1882. póg.1 : poem 2200. íedha 1151.s. bend or angle Ogham 6088. g. Lat. monk.3 aurba a hreahing. fr. 321 asa. Uraicipt 4946 ar-sissiur. comparing 913. arsisidar 1622. bodb 3977.4742. iii. T. Cf. auraicepto uraiceapta iar n-Amairgein 2773 . 4768. T. 733.1 1028 . p.p. 5391 Eg. a n-ai(t)-denamh 2312 athech m. crffiud. inf. 25. the sign 0/ including.

1381. banda . 1503 ban-ecoscda of womanly form. gelt 1185. 4249: (2) the letter b. cois in a cano 1306. boaiscille -i- •!• bérla in n. C. 3 s. banmac 631. f. in beithe 2802.s. besan a kmd of bird.e. O'Br.8. sith no berla. cach mbi bui 5393 . an axe. tonsure. a boat. robe of a king 537 1. bánad bar bara anger. brab . a pheasant (?) 5693 néithe or point of a -i^ thmg. ivonian 1275. soften. 5486 : (3) alpliabet.g. robí 5122. 509 298. 2438. n.s. C. Cf. bárcc f. i. unvoicing : (2) benas) 6069 3 s. perf. rel. lugasoun 3271. ros-bi 5349 4322. 2978 g. Wi.2. fri bethe m. nos-benand . id. alive. macam 3163 bitumain 2445 bilmnen 287. 4282. banmacan m. luga 3270 compar. craching. basceall 5551.pl.5. the bith-eólus everliving . a cake.s. Ogham H followmg Wi. H. ii''39. inf. baisgell eilit nEpraide . berbthar bogad. tír a speech. blog f.s. boscell 5553. brab P. boiscell 5552.4. . pass. ar a blath 5620. cellabrad cach bi 1681. bethi-Iuis-nion 2806. 5505 bán a blank space 1275. the top superlative bárr dith a berrda 3497 bert f. a piece. q. 2268. bethe-luis-nln the ogham a/phabei. Wi.3. (i) a softening. gach na gach talamh a mbid berlada. buanann nurse. girl 5426 ball a member 1305 ballorb (i) a member or facullv for perfectingpoetry 1305 (2) a namefor : 4. beó living. I154. 2790. g. C. brabifíin O'C. lugusomh 659. benai (1. benaim I strihe. worid. lenition {pf a final consonanf) 1264. bairgen 5806 guth. confused its B -1- H=P 1270. 4966 . beer 980. mberla-sa 1053. besgna 2270. bair «i. bo-asa-ceill. bncivledge 3162. stone 5426. berlada 2579 1765. C. g.in bard ica ball don bairdne agas bairdne filidecht sin. 4628. supremacy. m. language. sup. boaid •i- eblud a rearing. GLOSSARIAL INDEX piece of rock. ban-gnimach of tvomanly deeds 6l2 ban-en a female bird 542 banmac m. liítie.30. border. n. 18 (i)the birch-tree. lughu 677. béscna 5472.5. is blod Fel? 2838. Ed. barque^ barc 6133 bárcc a stronghold 5107 f.s. 4335 beóir biu 584 f. -i. C.• C. Metr. cara bloisc 5636. pres. forbethi 5912 a bard who has the is member for bardship^ and bardship the namefor that poetry. 5429 3 s. a female child 531. bread.suid 5425. lugam 3489. biáil f. a blanching^ making pale 5628 a sage. mor superlait 3329. iip 5158. 5554. in bescna-sa 'i. O'D. poverty 5343.68. bethamnas. aipgitir in betha . hind g. C. 5566. bith m. briuging up Cf. rel.female .v. fuil ar bheithe 1158. 5427. lugum. C. smali. bláth bloom. beusgna .7. mad vii. 626« : C.s. lughude 1456. 'womanly. bethumnacht livelihood 5798. 4386. d.s.9. 5600. 3. ban-gnethach of ivomanly activities. 1160. Ed. . 4335. report. •i. molad brabh 3361. p.fauna. -i- bargen bé a bec f. 1273. 1472.4. Metr.. 18. bogaim / boiscell a elit berbaim / boil. hair of head. is si 2488 90. 5445.320 balrend rbc. bochta í. blosc a noise. . ban. wrath 5168. in blad 3783. a speech. H. Laws bocad m. 533. : f. hatchet 5725.1464. bile rim. ianguage. C. balrt «i' ingen daughter. probably a folk etymology. boccad bogas 4335 Cf. 2317. fragment 901. 1044. bec brab-beirius beirius comparit. du with (3) the consonant t.8. ban- 395. 3369 bó-aire cow-chief boairech 5448. •\- berrad m. g. C. berla . clothes. int aonberla 2434. .

búe original. bugha 3500. 4540 iarsinni brigtair ocht and brachta 4541. bunad origin. fratl •i- 4539 distil. bocht. the British language.^. air - brabach m. 66. (l) a word. brúud m. mna 5425Cf. breithri d. 1300. for mrecc-cor foranwa 5986. brechtrad m. g. : brimon smetrach ' a deadh' operation mrecht) 5700 braisech f. 2664. buadir-mesc. isna breathaib nemedh 1298. lucht mbriathra 1+27 brian a ww-í/ 5433. Cf. a bluebell. 3626. 3511. 2667. ariicula- tion 905. 685 Aisl. con- buachaill watch-dog 5745.. briamon s. 319 brethir 322 : buicnechta 5473 buidle ? blind A. bricht a foot or verse of eight octosyllable Wi. meaí-juice 1229. díles. a v. ruidles. syllables. spanceliing. 2665 bricht a f/. a herding. decree.s. 22 bran a brann Metr.94 brecc m. bress great^ 5158 . b. praisech hroth. cáechán m. crushing. a spancel for cattle. indsge aiccenta caom 37o8. 1427. 3912. Tr.4. 2670. variegated. bróen(a)im /í/ro/. n. mighty. Cor. inan oidhche cheana bricht ass dotting deletion. C. Tr.s. 743. 1233. caechanogam Cf. na cumaing brogmoir 5912 a prologue 3358.-w -i. 5440 g. 4380. bui 5393. Wi. 1414. a disturbance. a dotiing 6010 brecc spechled. M'B. brais 2537 cleas b. Ir. PH. 904.p.4645. indles. Meir. Boii buga bis a soft brí a word Breatnais 633.18. iii. 84. : cf. a buachaiUe 5746 herd. 3788 co^vherd. a high nmnber a verb.GLOSSARIAL INDEX 3465. brlf^aim . p. 624» O'CI. cheqiiered 5235 búachaill m. a briiising. socaircaimiu . breice 5288. O'Mulc. cáem (i)yá/r. mbricht ass di raith 1282. Laws : Cor. virtuous. Wi. 3678 a blind man. xxvi. (2) a written n. a •woman^ braind tiriacfriable. 4398 Bretnas f. adjudge. coitchend 741.dall 5440 buidlen ? a uumber. 3''I3 4482. 321 out.40. 4339. 1218. brollach 81 incitements brass. big . 4482.caimiti 2752.p. T. a dotting 60^. Sg.pl. 5767. of bratán a salmon 5599 brátharda broíherlv.I. kale 5809. basis. bress shapely. steadfast. airbert. f. a judgment. : H. •\- saethech u'eary 5936.. brogmar brolach excessive. bracht (2) the fiighí is already lengthening (after midsummer). iii. bri ocht •!• ocht buge C. 4645 n. Ir.bunad. C. bith 559 forsmbroeniu air brann braon gl. : RC. 4550. buicnecht f.inde. brish^ eager n. 14 : Cor. brigh . na briathar m. sillaba bricht bracht pl. bréc f. 22 sympatheiic magic (?) 1332. brí. .s. na b. Ir. 3. T. 1736.p. b. / declare. búaidir variely 4736. isin can buaraig 5242 well-descended. Bretnwí 3208 -ibriathar 1330. 810. ar is buigi forfeudhaibh 4400.s. 5263 breth f. /eat of brosnacha bairdne bard poetry d. 4484 bracht (2) variegated^ mbrácht (O. ball in .3. 22 Cf. 1727. i mbricht 933 1956 . beauliful 5168. Mod. crease^ ta b. Welsh.'^ 42 1428. hvacinth. reference 50. C. performed by poets on those tvho refused their demands' 1328. : con- Laws uproar. a. 3148 (3) : word 1924 2670. isna sound 1072. a lie^ deceit. búarach n.viz. one of the 7 heads do breithir 'na prethair of definition. raven 5598. 3548.3. epaid 4540. n.a. heautiful. (l) /a/. brecor 8 : Wi.p.

c. carr m. be/ 1851. afriend.g. caindlech 5313 caingen 5124 caire f. bunad) a foundation.9 : GLOSSARIAL INDEX (2) a scholar. . : of eating 4 2 80.gradus grad no gradus ceim •!• secht ceimenna na filidechta.y%nchas 5386 .3 ceitheoram •!• ceitheora mna 4709 cendfochrus f. Cf. caithle 467 cotton-grass. c/iaracter. cai cairthend 5520. cainuaighter 998. waste. 2245. caillige 5720 . 5326.s. O'Duv. perspicacitv. c. monaslery 5268 : caindeifriges 985. céim (i) a pace. pret.. pal/i. vii. giving wood 4281. O'Dav.p. 3590. socarcaine 1070 /uslrous. 1184. carrach 1088. 572 of. nem. motaitain-as/i. iii. fid rochas 5261 cur/y. 5388. xx.s.d. fer. 4988. GékSx\.43. snámchar 4301 fer one fond of swimming 2136.s. (b) a -CB. g. . pace. s/iming-w/iite hiisiness. rowan carechtar /etter. deidh 1795 e. cái. 3617. /en 5032 capail 3813. caorthand 4249. cart 5726 sropu/a. cail 3499 ras/i. order . capall. cíei for cuir I182 for 2225. 5624 og/iatn /etler q 440. caisithir cath panacea 210 (?) 5562. 43.322 1068. . fina/ 2172. Img-down. íer cantain 972 f. cair- 1166. pl.s. coill 2828 na caiUe 398. cailfota cass cass quick. tuis 1985. b/oom cat/iin canach eini of eéir f. trouble 3284 secht ngrad immorro •\. derid 1999. ben. cáer f. question. 5106. Wi. chanaid 1306. Lat. in che 520 condition. foltchain 1160.2 ceim- ros-cathatar 5119. . c/ear- uaimm do rind 8co. reputation. 15. cáerthand m. •i' cendfochras. P-P-p. perfect a//iierabiatne. f. 3 s. pret. cainfidh 1183. aen deschae 836. 5032. rank. d. equat. 3499 O'Mulc. cói 2221. du canait a saxing. rois caelli 1320 cáille a division of/and 5IC6 caillech f.84. n. c. coicer cae 2238. carrac f. gotha 601. 5270 tion in eac/t /ine of a quatram. wit/i caisacht visihility. Anec. t/ie of fut. ifin for coe 2253. g. queirt 441 cano m. caindeligud 1502. 6 (3) t/ie : airbert of réím. RC. triur cae 2242. partic/e. n. £enchaF. cainiu fedaib 5550. 4629.V ioving. Wi. céimnigim / nighthir 991. doroisce. 4011.7. 5384. /etter í/licht •i^slicht v. scopulus oen coe 2250. beaiitifii/. I155 . n. quert 1185 t/ie : (2) . for coe 2233. do 2239 a po^t of t/ie fourt/i degree. 3356 nocechrainn 534 c/iaracter.p. 22 . a waggon. cno-car fer one fond ofnuts 4279. a wood. (gl. city. . spend. fe/ 1795. ne/ 1874. na coiiled 2817. war/i/ce 5318. %vax 982 ceirt (i) an app/e-tree. active. i s. 5620. a nun. a c/iange of (a) an miiia/. gradus •i. caem- shluaigh 2228 n. (paradigm) 653. pronouncing basis 5032 : e. g. phps. 856. tria chail 3774 caill f. eachtaire 336. chaor 4264. forest. /. casnaide c/vps.fair . caemthuit cluidh caer 2234 cara m.faiilt f.62. graduate. ith-car fer one fond 5073. qualitv. 4083 casnad a u/iit. ness 3265. Ed.7.g. fer. rom-char-sa. C.ceim . . pl. cathach 5350 /laving batt/es.p. 2110. 49^8 ben.fond cáin-car fid tribute- of a word 1947.s. fidh roith in carbait a waj. a c/iariot.2 carpat m. 5050 doróscií 5031 . comainm carat 5656 caraim / /ove. cathir f. caisiu seeing. 2687. 1168. pass. a berrv. s/iavings cáil f. 1795. 5619 g. n. of wi//oiu. Anec.s. f. 152 .4988. poet. 4281. passionate. da ceimend 1245 (2) grade. 49^7 . a etc. 392 caithim / spent consume.

. 4577. certán a kind 0/ music. 5219. Cor. meni tusmed : clanda 628. riab cianaib a long titne before 149. 15. (i) genus 885. cesi f. ciallabair reasonable speech (?). grief. clí an app/e-tree. regular. hiune. a shower 557 5489 claidemnas sense.9. ST.iví/. iii. a set of five velluni cheass II15. cethair Ir. basiet. quiert 4282 ceathardha 3975. (i) sufering 1 : céssad (2) cinniud m. 5313. taibrem cethor-cubaidh filidechta 7 bairdne 3593. /r. crooning. can C. certach ra^jg^af 6131. O'Mulc. T. 5209 . gloom. 161 4316. 4282. gan cín f. C. 5816. definitive 1254. she/ter 1185. 653. cet-labrad . briathar cest. definition FelP- passive voice 643. cen c. zcarbling.9. wry 5243. cethruimthe four quaternion 3979 things.3 progeny. storm. f. 9. Tr. forna claraib ciarta 4946. as cinntechy?. iii. cesc f. 2035. 4081 . 4365.8. n. Cf. certle f. ining 1474. forsna claro c. 1937. gl. (2) cloch (no ael) /imestone 1088 clóe C. (juerqiiedula ciallabair no ceileabar f. 1 certogam 1256. quartette 2868. cíallalde sensible. cheas 2264. who f •what f císi rún 5204. cet-ainm first first inscripiion 4367. exací. 4997 . darh-brown 5352. querc 5694.s.3. cess m. 3777 (2) gender^ sex. cethraime a fourth part 3059. heptasy//ab/e 1425. 2107. e in : cenela 891 cenel 895. cétfaid perception.. labula cerata.p. 1462. breast.8 cith m. cerr maimed. 861. sheets. isin Cin Ollaman 1204. cia m. C. : clithchar. quevy. c/eric. .7. generic 858. quinio. ceirsle. go cert 2916 certiu Ii3t. having a meaning. chest. whir/wind 5214. iapis cethre coli. ceathramthu 1448 cethrar m. m. 1757. chetfaidsi 2642 n. cingit 1287. clithar Anec. 26 dim. 22. mac cleib c. quiar 5699. things. 43 Lat. cattle. cloch 555 (i) 1086. a. chesta 161 g. clithar mbaiscaill iii. 6. 145 na-cet-scribtha 1757. 112 : Cor. chlue cetlach íí7«^«/ 5252.6. chi/dren 5271 (2) Joiir rhyming verse-endings in a quat- raÍH ceatharcubaid 785. Lat. a tetrad 2238. cara ceathra 5619 quartette. ced n. . sciscor 615 first. iarsin sy//ab/es. cetharde four 426. i ngenaib 1594. 830 cleiv cíar mouse-coloured. a 1254. obscurity 3265. cinniechem from CétI161 2797. weariness. Lat. compar. 4480 7 anma 1901 cethar-chubaid Jour-rhymed. determining. cía ciachda misty foggy TSh. celebrare c. sluind ceniuil 712 cenélach cerc f.2..3 cliab m. ceathardu 1020. siladh clann 5652. f. Wi.3. Wi. a clerig 571 1 . . waxed. book. Lat.8. 3032.6. cinntichu accent cet-iabra speech 2378. a hen. d. 31 go. RC.7. having cland f. cen chessa 2225. compar. PL Act.p. . cert right. n. : C. fri T. u. xxvi. móra in chlóe. C.9 GLOSSx^RIAL INDEX cenél m. 1290 2073. cetfaidhi cuirp 1955. Lat. Tbc. no neamc. cian lo7tg. quaestio. is 323 856.. : 5551. 3736 Cf. 1681. (r) a p/ant. ciasa run 5210 ciacht mist.p. sup. 32. cleirchén 5203 clí a poet of the t/tird rank. a word or verse of seven 1217. 1554. clérech m. 1354. Cf.6. son 1258 cf. cingim I step.41. cinntichu 1255. a mistiness. cíartha waxen. Sanct. Lat.85. cinntechsom 4368. C 6033. HSD..s.s. circumplex the circumflex 5649. a ball of thread. four persons. do chli 2235.

3. 4038. a nut. i f. CObflge text.. for aighiph berlaib 237. 3967 1353.g. ceiUi a wrong of sense 2139. cote emm diuidere. partition. comairhb lli.g.p. division. Chomdiu coip . carat 5656 com-ainmnigtheeh sy n ny m ons 5640. a svnonvin. lump. n. Laws (l) a conjoining. : 1273.1. Trip. cach comberlaidh 232. troop. 16 colpthach firenn m. a correspondence. 26 (2) perversion of sense. a weaving together. n. O'Mulc. quintette. d. sin clóen cuibdiusa m. ar ac clusail na muiti 2950. 4025 . 1924 : (2) cluidh 2233 5284. adone 3976 Lord. T.8. 5519: {^2) the ogham letter c 1182. a wrong of rhyme. claen cuibdiusa c.p. a synchronising 5317 . coip [Eg. Metr.4. a hill. coitchend ordinals concatenated sense. p. cuicthi five ihings. heir. cnoib comaentaidh 5560 com-aimserad m. a perverting. com-airem in a computation. fil com-aentu m.] 2392 O'C. 4477 21. calga deg to e metri causá. ihe change of rowel. 1353 5392. achoir n-airchetail 1017 use . f. cóicthe 428.9 c. 2141 uird comairme a 851. or verse of five peniasyllable 1214. the right coir n-anala m.s. seacht gcabartha 2126 f. : cloth (i) n.9. P. cloen 2026. Acad. 745. (l) hazel 11 53. factor 1452. the cuicti 1021. St Mol. 4248. •i> using the same buidhéan band. a fleet. perverse : (2) cóir n. 4416. airiech counsellor 109. honoitr. g-s. coitchend common 2763. 258 coitideeht f. comairlid m.i- mmo justing 10 15. . 5088-90. knnckle 5014 cnú f. a change in tlie form ofa word metri causa 5102. 5657 f. incest. five persons. coitide a part. cen chlaen 1940. (2) famous.3. com- end of 30. comhairlidhe 108. col 605 e to i.3. 3392 cnoc m. 5098. coicfhiur 2232 adjustment 3822. co clothaib an adjunct 3391 2668. coblach m.5. coiciur I135.. 2i3i:e. c. coicti 2870. T.2. comarbae Fei:^ m. e. 1954. 415 m. 3528. rhyme. claen creiti 2031. 428 /En. cóicer m. berlaig 2546. comberla 2551 comm- .s. company. triana c. 5494.9 coibhiti 41 14 . pentad comardad iar c. O'Don. can . comberlaid 1037. quintette.fna/. imcubaidh 3824. comighib coipdi 3388.-.991 (3) a conjunction Cf. 1422. ending. cach ac ithi a chno II83. . 2895. 3064. m. help. 5086. combérlaid m. Gr. copiae. co-ordinating 1900. or i colg dét 5897. 5100: e. xxviii. falsifying 5099 2034.1. C.p. 3589. tri cloein 2028.-. Z. n. two-vear-old bulloch 5755. successor 5268.s.5. 5095-7 clóenad m. is com-ainm n. /.6 380. boat 1603.324 clóen GLOSSARIAL INDEX (i) sloping. a wrong 0/ body or frame. v. c. 3720. way chloen 5057. connec: iii. com- Lat. 4280 . a proper arrangement. 2138 coll m. fri coicdi n-airchetail 1009. 1372. cobair degcobair 2156 a. wen.s. couir fiodraid 3874. 49 clóen eretti m. 6 the quatrain 2045. a wrong. clusal a ferminatio7i. faine. 4278. a 253. 337. /.p.6. 4327. . 2238. 5100 n.3 Brit.9. lust. a corresponding.3. cobigi celli the same sense in the narrative froin beginning to iii.g. g. isin text. con. tusk-hilted sword. O'Dav. 2031. clóenre (l) a word syllables.forsiung5i04. n. complete identity. claenre (no clsen celle) 1694. speech. da comairlig 1243. inclined. com-accomal caemthuit tion. comardugud a coimdiu m. Proceed.fairsiung5i35 n-airme 3063 n.5.

comfograisthech 2760 . a meeting. the same verse-foot. 0/ the same exient 3400 comgruinidech equa!ly wounding 5580 n. an equal duratioti. together 1020. cuan 11 77. fogur 908. 30. a flooding together. comparait 693 the comparative . iii. 2214. I977i coimdes 5827. c. (con-mel) a rubhing gether. T. gcomloinntius 2455 comlán complete. 2721 comhraiget 1418. i-ni. com-fhrecra an ing. ieeping. : com-fhilltech Fei:- 228 near. 321 : language. n. 695. do cuimilt 5572 a commutiily. manis-comela 5487. 325 conception 5272 comh-fhocul m. degree e in c. //'. 30. C.s. a-n- comfograighthid m. 151 3. 's same or corresponding cach da cobfid i cubaid cubaid a comfid 1241.pl.s. equall^ ready. Cro . muna coimeta hi rel. an equal layer. compert Combrec the Wehh 3214. ro-comraircnigsiomair-ne 4523. nidat com- Combric. 729 g. co-extension. to- concourse 5339 comdlúthad m. . derivative. end of the fitial stanza in a cach comcheniuil 230. keep. forcomeda. comdíle f. i answering.tond fhola 7 . ina comhegur 267. comhshiniud iii. comacsi 2841 f. is i modaib •i. 3791.on chomailt 1756. the C. Cymric (1) a conjunciion (2) a full sound. 3 s. of com-air-orgim). 4 perfection. hinding on foillgiud •i.e. m. ati error. C. relationship 4937. poem of a syllahle {or a part thereof) comchumung an equivalent. p. ainm comparaiti utiite. 7 tond sceathraigi. ina coimhecar 2582 a guarding. a consonant 375 comfograigim / sound along xuith. com-flalus m. 4750. com-shíned m. . iii. ni comfojíraigend 2760 ro-comraircnicsiumair-ne Lat. cotnpany. . tnistake. do coma li budhein 4729. comdál 4273 f. isin f. 644. bais o tri cométaim / 2805 n. 22 .GLOSSARIAL LNDEX combert. ae of the first accented word occurring at the opetiing of the poem 2199. ier comdeach m. Sg. vowel or 957> 3950. comraigit 1419 comrím (l) an equal nutnher : (2) the saiue tnetrics comfld m. is comocus cubat com-fhot. comláintlus m. com-íhilUighe 1900 lenglh. mdijfferent.7. guard. 221*1.5. make a mistahe. 2023 inf. dehita nostra 1436. /". Ed. con-fot m. 1241 1514. comroircnigiur (denom. fri same quantity. 1017. ni dod comlana 2922 comlín an in eqiial nutnber. 18. 2545. tond comna cf. 4609 comdes equally right. re i coimfrecru 5460. coir 10 1 3.6. fhocail 462 appropriate 592 . tion at the a rivetting the repeti- comcheniúil m. C. comcengal 2720 a joiningtogethe)\ litrioch comimairclde com-indsma one of the satne race. cul comet comet lachta 5622 g. com- comhfhograightheacha 368.o 7 o bas 7 o atharach gnee no o tri tondaib -i. cach focail 1232. comrorcu f.p.9.p. subj. i equal stretchtng. CZ. fricometa 1818 . weet. O'Mulc. dilis funciion 4566. n. equal proportion.8. w. Cf. rorco 1716. on coimilt 4945. Gi. nach at comlana 46 1. comlin 2114 commailt f. 266 c. completion. comecar comét 604. commann comna cuma plagiaristn (?) 1929. Ir. letter. 1038. 1464. a consonant 2749. condiiion. cocumaong cech aon 4550 c. daghchometa. I 4608 / err. n-oll 5664. Str.s. correspond- comraicim / tneet. 1456. great a pressing. cf de-cheneuil C. compar. coimetas 5623 a co-inflection. i^erf. from «omrorcon error. coinrargai 4907. join. 15*4 comforlethan equally hroad.

cossalua. a consanacht 1381. costad Cf. nem. 3863. 9. tri duail 5071. Cf. 1020 (2) : coscairther I174. 43 f. treconngbalach 934. consoini 1387. 1534) 3786. 1501.. 381 Laws Cf. g. ma chor-a degree. alliteration 1596. 24 . consonata consonantal. Ped. connail 2753. is i in sin in condelg techta 703. conson consain 367. a hand. coiir in 3224 the corraib sréith 639. Lat. C. 1993. composition. sub á cong'balach supporting. 5420 cosc a corrective {medicine). Uss syllables into of two meaninga word. equal. teit an dliged consonconsonacht 981. Condel£r parative n. coslafe Ailt. horti-blowing 1478 corr m. in condelg n-eteichta 2772. in chondealg 5342. same or a similar sound. union. 934. fer. coscrad 4269 con-slaidim / heat.s. C. fut. sida 4270. measure. conngair eter da a 1224. Laws the con-midiur / adjudge. stubhle. 12 12. 3 s. n.s. b-efri-en . •!• conndelg nedtechta 2775.9. 1733) iar gcomtach 3428. 2147. 4756. a compound. a ngrad condeilg . dechongbalach 934) 3863. scatter. 662.. coindealc 2645 g. commadair comiiiter 5112. a resemblance 5812 costud m. consonisation 2706.6. conberbtar 4541 condail. 1843 . cornairecht f.81 con-gairiu. perf. 5660. e. córus m. a. corc a clan 5261. n. ii. /aw or syllables (con-gbál.s. 3 s. consoin 2750. condal con. 687. in chorr 54 1. Ir.p. rhyme 3946. 3872. Metr. 1947. n. a helper. cusalua 3876. ihe gnúise of the Trefocul littU : 677. Fel? 668 . consaine. f-efri-er 1801 . pies.s. 1600. a urard. 3862. : consonacht f. 698.s. cen comuaim tomuis 3588. se condaiU carbartha 'na condail 2088 2166. stipula 1701. 2 s. 5365. con-garim / cry. 5543. 3 pl. fidhraidh cosluidfea 1603. Hail Brigtt. Hnation i GLOSSARIAL INDEX congnamaid con-gníu / frimm 5358 m.s. ben. a comparison. comsuidigthib 973 784. literal 4385. n-efri-em 1867 as-goamgilidir 5320 condál f. g. (i) « stitchtngtogether. a of cmX-Xa^Tj). comúaim m. n. § f. connail f. consan comtath condsained 4925. 5064. RC. c.g.4. equality^ congnamin aigh echraide 5578. forin condelg 693 1944. Gr.6. a chounail 4810. maie for fut. a corner. a meeting. Metr. 700. cosc lobair translation son n- oencongbalach 904. fri comuaim n-uad 3538. condail na consan 2752 348. -i 2757. contuili 5121 cor f. 816 a consonant. (?). conndeilge 3304 .4. a heron. help. pass. i coneilg and the 24 poetical licences.326 comshuidiugud m. bell.6. dliged c. p. comsan 5246 comtoth a couple. focul oenc. 8 com-son am able for. sameness 1930. d. com-sla goes. cungene comsiud coimsid. pres. : checking.s. comcomshuidhigthe 1900.s. conal cuan 5545. the comn. d. 4888 con-scaraim / n.4534. 5244. Cf. 4880. na consaine 2702. destiov. con. O'Dav. having constitutnts corrucán small corr()C corner 5337. triasa inf.p. 4270. iii. 732. fo 3916 4438 . 5317. an intemal division. pack (pf hounds'). an arrangement. f.75 conberbaim / hoil.2. sanacht 2696 achta 2961 . cosmallligeacht f. xxvi. 1956 connal a stalk. i s. 490 con-tulim I sUep. Anec. AcalL C. 5363 (3) correspondence. 1173. the insertion Dicht. (con-suidim) a restraining. condeilg 686. : c.

as Lect. cuimri raid a cross. . shiver.6. ii8r. cruittirecht 5799 f. as. C. 50*12. I945i79. 1291. Lat. 5669. trunk. C. secht cudnud 4296.s. W/v. . cotarsanai 327 5442 a hard crúan cruas A. Laws 5445. . ( = torathor) viii.{l) harmonious. voiced') cotut a hardening. Eriu no go gcruthoigther he o fhogUim 3806 inf. or rind. cruthaigim / form. ese cruthoigti creative 3799. neimh a cotud 5043 5287 torthor : . •!• timorcain fri aicnead no cind a shortening at an accent or at an end 5292. C. as cruth how. conal chon alladh 1603. socket.5. 38 cnam Laws f. adv. no coic 4628. 323 fír test-tree 11 56. l6o2 shake. . Sg. 2117 : (2) rhyme. crád torture. crothalm / crothas 5260 arna cuimribh 1556 culns f. d.7. cudnoudh ar eich don crunn crithaig 5590. chru 1810 quislenacht 5799 . pugnus 5260. shrivelling. nut-brown i or forming a company 6 1 50 cuilenn m. 3950. P. 3 s. 5364. suitableness. ( I ) the cuic -i- rún a secret 1305.trefocul hardness. 1073 and dei crúd C. p.e. crand tree.7 cubat m. l: St. tremble. a harping. rel. cretcuibdius (l) an intemal rhyme (2) au end rhyme 3839. coblach creas of ifolves 5545-6. ben 5068 fer a codut 1840. cumat deg 289. a cubit.' same numher of consonants of which the closing ones are the same the vtsage. 5517. cuibde íremhle. bachlach cress 5365 C.. m. C. cruitireacht ?nanner. cruthaiged g. humming 1474 caust to cuimbre 630. a skin. 2039 críathar a sieve 636. the same vowel flanked hy a body. (i) brevity. countenance. 5699 a crooning. cen craip Cf. 102. shape. pass. 4986. Cor. O'C. note litter crap a cramping. g. 5295 : cadad. .s.g.framework. pres. anguish 5895 musical tree 1479. 1512. . : 4298. qual 5726. quulenn 5518 f. crithes a cuibdi 32 2315 cuibrend a spark 5260 a part. 2662. nime a cotut 1859 a codud 4986. is ainm cro : Stowe GI. cúan host fst. heap crand P. 388.pig-stye. 5520 . iar crud chuile 5214. follonving accent. crinem feada 5658 crithach an aspen 1154. cúal a cuail faggot. 4250. create.40 crett cret f. 3802.5. Laws crithim / 5260 crithir f. 4250 1195.flute-playing. 5219. 1195. a destroying. slender. fri c. shell.GLOSSARIAL INDEX cotarsna 4502 the opposite 5818. amber. 5289.s.6. gore 1809. ayoke 1287. crulh roncuala 5252.Crit. 1241.^ 300. army. cainti 1929. crub 5398 crón saffron-coloured. ell. a hastening. adj. C. share. an secht cubait dec crín withered. superl. 698 cuidechtach having crob a hand. 2604. Unition. 6093 : (2) a short syllable. bein a couiud 5025. cúan cúan a haven 5105 pack or II 77. Laws iv.4. hundle. lii. g. a fluting. complexion also 957. portion 5106 1964 cró metal hoop of a lance.71. C. : c^x\>8i\ó. Wi. (2) a pen. in gai 4717. 4248. iv. cuillenn 5633. cloen 5100. crónán cross f. 1285. 4298. 'i- cneas aspect. . of hounds or cress narrow. (i. cuileand 1153. 1290 crú m. lanamain in culslennacht f. fer a chodad 1793. cen 1929.3. ainm c.form. e.5. a cru 5674.p. loss of weak svUable consequejit sound. 2137.

a /3 sdaraib. ceithri damha damh as deach 2243. C. forin cumang fedha 2887. . Anec. tryst. dech 691. change 6049 is dánad m. dáe. C.1. Tr. 778. 23. smooth breathing. dana tuo Crit. 1213. compose. ochoitibh 1444. a company. 5234. Sg. comparmg 683. : cutrummusud m. cul coimet dálim / 5390. 18. 3299. 5842 dán m. 3052.?« 7 a n-annalaib. etc. a year-old bull 5757. a poem. cenel cumassu epicene gender 3223 9 dative case cumscugud sweet. a hart. Gr. pret. CC. dallbach a rhymed not conforming to reproach or satire cumaide common 449. metrics : 1930.6 . 5276. craft. o quoitibh daimim I grant. dám lin f. rodalus Metr. g. ndeichit . darignis. rodaimed 135 dairt f.7. H. a oes in dana 2184. . 1579. .86. p. 3. the verse.p.p. scilen p. aes dana 2215 ar ilar ndan 2159. equating. Laws dasía et psile the rough and the : cudruma an 1422. H. O'Mulc. vii ndeich 744. a short syllable dallfuach. cia 2230. dobeir son dia fot 435. meet. g. 922. curchán 5352. Tbc. V. I. diuisio. GLOSSARIAL INDEX (i) a share.5. 5403 d. a human being. force of individual 1349. a yearli7ig heifer 5766. deriding^ coniempt 1935 a guarding. : dath -i. a gcoitibh cuit graece 3053. 5396. 132. 61 4413. pf. 777. Metr. pres.328 cuit f.p. 308 viii. do gach dáen. 28 Sg. seach in cumair (3) a summary. Laws i. 3 p. protecting. 1532. 18. 2909. ^^sb . 4313. 1968. 860.s. cuitbiud m. compar. cutruma portion. party. v. Anec. 635 in poetry dé smoke. rodét 2004. BB. dcenogam 5709. ox 5750. 4553 922.44. a cul 604. p. inprose Í7i ÁAg-íis good hnowledge 580. 23. 1688. dagh-fuach the noun a good word 3 5 70 dagda m. 32: -£". n. n.s. cummaim / shape. art. meetitig. (paradigm) 651 fuirmed 3397 curach m. n.fra°rant 5337.good.fume 4291 déach m.' (2) aii • daigthech fiery. a verse-foot . C. ar a dhan 2235 dam . poetry. portion n. f. vii 1409. . na nai 2263. retinue. St.fire 556. Laws cumair (i) short^ forin penuilt comair sen 4130 812. dag duine a good man 5340. I20I. in dae 161 5 g. datha 1171 colouring. 1566 : dam 2220. staraide Gasdel rochuwísat i« leb/^r 771. dam thoga in vowels 965. 258 dál f. having equal weighi or proindifferent. 1524. : ordinary 69^^. Cor. diach 1534 1232.p. dóen a man. : (2) poetic co ndath 5064. a coracle cumga a . number of syllables in the the number of syllables 3584. rocumsat 1928 danogam 5797 cummascda cumraide mixed. tryst 5390 i s. dóe m. 2 O'Dav.p. 230 : dána. 1414. i8m . coit 1452 theach 2206 allow. 94. uaire ut dicitiir dath air non-molum. 1951. 259. Cf. m. 4550. 5''io. sum 1497 cumang power.s. dannad 4741. a. 2248. 1410. Lat. dáen. note. 342 ÚíLS.29. aflame. in domun daigh- arilhmetical factor. 3. human being. In dagda one of the xHiii. Dagdae a mythological hero. : dath (i) a colour. indsgi qumusda. a hero 5183. a mcving.p. pass.. . dassien. man. C. i'j^i^ balancing. 'na coitibh 3056. 4494.i. C. 1760.5 . la deochu 691 351T g-p. cumung narrow. 859. . (?) n-airise. pret. dartaid m.18. 1235. 6135 dim. 2055 d. danodh 4973 darignius. (2) a short. V. na ndasi cen cheass II14.6. cummait 1937 immar ros-cum da daim 2252 m. 62 daig f.

stranger. wards. 2696. 2043. g. Fergossa 5314. 3 . pi. deiscin déde m. delgaige delidind e. s.s. nemm 5050 : doich- ned 389.5. 1986 or (b) the final letter of a dechned deirid 200 r. differentiate. g. s. of a li'ord iic. an end. da deilidin 1993. 1231. 2154. e. deghfogur 1073. 1945. 2113.g. der Greco 3087 : . dechned. dernaind 5165 á. is debrlcht m. rebort 547. a deviating. 704. 616 C. dechenbor m. dedhe 673. .T.s. eye 5994 f. tenn fiiT 5397> 4992. airgid techt 5566. distinction 4371. m. 973 is Wi. genui/ie. 3 3 3 s. defifir deichthe ndeichMí (i) rt douhle. sever. 616. f. 685. dochned m. a loohmg . decade. is i O'C.p. vietv. 835. deoraid 5148 negladae 6063 der arding defid 3661. intan deifriche 587 pres. tico letters. a. gossafer. 2777. cetna d.s. deochraigter 1254 dffer.s. 1019. 2169. an n. deochair f. the end deime tepide ed ceann 558 569. dl-alt n.5 n. n. pass. deicned 2172. a verse con- sisting of a double octosvUable. . a verse-foot. in n. P. ben. dechnead ziord. deiliden 1945 d. da delidin 2164. pass. 1853. décsiu n. syUahle 759. regarding. in pres. 5322-5 s. 847 g.d. nos-deochratar 523 dedlaim / separate. 847 svllable 2140.s. 5321. do deofhogur 1347. deil a separation. 2988. ailsius deir 5319. sin 972 . rel. 2689 deilm a noise. géill deilgniph 4274 f. 1534. do defoghur 1297 ^'^'^'^ deghfoghraibh n. letters. a daicghter. dep. S402 e. ic delidnid 2086 n. dereoil 518.s. a pair 545^. (l) a monosyllable. 3 pl. 2706. T. . n. 2151. word bachuards and forrefer . Tr. 1429. 1345 ^-V' . (2) . nath debrichta 3712 a set of ten persons. ara deilghibh II 78. declension 783. 1876.75-7 derc a n. 1947. reduplica- 1022. . feehle. d. icriiing a fer. 3025. raides 893. intan derscugud ling 643. in delb Lfortn. 2176. 5070. ded 1546. deod 1828 n. 2867.p. (b) of syllables.8. d. recom- defuach rac a dissyllahle. dernu pa/m of the hand. pres.g.eTÓi\ iceah. deg- derscaigti 643. 390. din. defid m. 5074 . thominess 5517 (i) a metathesis (a) of silochta. 329 a selecled nenter . rainni 630. deórad m. deide 2io6 deochrend 3026 3 s. 5383 the defogur m. deichenbhur 2227 hi-heading. deda 425. Wi. 3570 good. 1497. at. ogam deoradh 5153 n p. dochned 5074.s.9.s. a distincíion.\']ZiO Z-983 delg a thorn. a douhling of (a) the tuis : sliochta 5310. benben 1841 deifir a difference. 126 decht pnre. a distingiiishing. (2) an 4769. cen dei6r 1261. a initial. /r.9. difference 523. deifrigim / ttnguish. 1414. a dethbir díabul difference. diphlhong 343. ferfer 1796.g. caindeifriges 985 díall m. defir 1907 the repetiiion (2) of accenied words in a : quatrain dis. a 1454.p. 129S. (i) a grave. eg. exile. 1918. dehdin 5308. 5078. dedi sin 2798. 1684. a ndeicthi 3978 tion. iii. fo deoidh 1808. 685.s. 39 Cor. deilidi 2133. sever. deichneadh 1852 74. 4528 . tivo descena 1922 things. gelli. deochraigim / deochr(a)im / differentiate. 9. mac De degergna of ten things.s. in . 1995. g.f. good wisdotn 2495 dethber 4493 1. pass. g. 4549. f.8. 2168. excel. dialt deglemi a loell-leaping 655. ara . deglaiter ar leth 5510 p.GLOSSARIAL INDEX déad. dechnead 1806.declension\t\\. subj. dechnada. sin an d. nas-defrigidar deil degail . 2091. I443 deochnusind. .p. outlaw. douhling. 3775. d.12. 904.7.b. C. 1794 . ajinal. neb 1842. 1429.

two syUahles. 1569.6. repel 208 1. dos-farraidh dileachtaig dlies the f. 363. duir a ndinin d. simplicity. rura 5392.6.s. 1941. foura diaurrustar 3769. . C. dír due. n. defraudjng. ingbetween. 3654 V. 5362 n. bandialt 1857.330 dealt GLOSSARIAL INDEX 1953 . 150 f. . deprivation exist. T. ding difficulty. dine disoil 1402. do a seacht take away.6. dighdi dath disgnaigter 3261. dí-fuilliud m.g. f. i.g. mean. 2156 5145 . unblemished 5319. lawful. powerlesstiess. C.g. stocí. 1525. (i) a tahing away. two allitera- díne a gronp. docuisnet -i- dígde 556. difficully which there caused bv a dían f. 590 beloved. e. g. uncovering. dialt 1879 n. xx. RC. (2) a declension. non-adding. nem. 3 pret. 2111. dltiu g. n. anunaccented svllable occurring between tions 5148. 1849.g. nemcinnti. fit. scantiness of lelter 3661 1579.p. (l) a beheading. 815. 2101. . 1491. pass. a metre proper C.y^ «I? ben. cen d. Lat. e. 1947. prayer. /r. ic dingbail 5273. dligtech . the Ogham on js a unliving. 3 s. 1600.s.- short syllable. 1544. 1890. amal cech(?) 2053. a syllahle leap- dialt n-etarlemme wani of emphasis. or (b) afinal letter 0/ a word 389. 2953 deluge. weaíiiess. . off. 5175. acceiit Wi. diminishing diúite f. ihe 1312. 2149. inf. nem- dimbeóaigthe 1916 inanimate. dichnead tuis 1986. dínin dísail 254. two con- dírech an C. díchongbail stituents 1875. gnee 888 . fer. ííy.5.8. e. 643 1662. 390. 1568 : (2) privattve case diupart a depriving. dígbaim / diuidib 747 demo 582 dígbáil f. 2777. feadhaibh dlightheachaib 483. right. 5081. or non-possessive nemtsealpad 14. díchronus tities. seize. protection. . blessing. isna dil dear.7. dialta 933. dia nditen-sidhe 1944. CedX^th. non-addition 816.9 1871. 4655. 1806 . proper. dialectics 52. 424. 177 to M.and aní/otóíí. C. doruaraid 2501 dí-druim ridgeless. díanim dí-beó C. n. the sign for -which d dichned (2) the 820. dileas 380. g.4680. 2900.p. na diailt n-eter!eime 4626 . Lec. 2339.8. dos- díanalrmide innumerable 894. 819. dtgnitas 4217. 1535 a word having fwo cjuan•i- uncertainty [• i.s. /. 3574 na gnuisi diten 1978 d. f. a generation. stripping 5222. 1821.9- c. Lat. 112. dichned derid . f. overtahe.s. 3047 O'Dav. Lat. 5364. 2184. 908. dilend diliu. 5061. /En. arding defidh is -i.6. do didin 1963 di-ud-rethim / remain over. 5074. fond 547. interloping . pret. 6074 díxnigur / am. dropping 0/ (a) an initial. robad dir e. neuter 583 n. /eibi 2779. 1506 : dim-bríg . dead 583.3. 5619 5263. find. fil want. proper. ding and teirce is feuda fodera a is lond.s. irifling 5377. Gr. 4800 na dichneda 2000.9. pret. dí-gabim. 1887. subj.72. for a tarrasa tri don 547 3 p. ferdialt 1829. i 1571. proper use 745. without arris 6061 diuir small. meet. 1982. do-ar-rethim / s. 1566.9.2. a confusion of di. 2574. 1555.p. dinion disail 3635.5. 25 4069. dilius 2763 pres.68. 162 dingbaim / ward dingaib 2109. digbál. 5265 díle f.9. 1803. : a fochloc(án) iii. deimdialt 1858. be 1852 deiside 3398. shelter. duir n-ait dinin disail 4456. /epe 390. O'D. 4767. midiuiti want of dignity 4307 f.m. 31 diúit simple 2895.

do-benaim / cut. 1508. do-im-orgim / compress. . devise. PH. dalbhdha dolbha 'i. / - reach round. doecam. an enslaving. ground. dabenadar 5451. happen. Ed. doerbard . cesserit.9. shorten. CC. form. nodusbenadar 5432. doepenar 568 darepedh 1054. 3 s. 28 242 .38. duin 3182. 3 doformaigim / pres. 1960. perf. q. fri timar- trec 5938.6. focul 5. do-ben 1846. doimiter e. nodabenadar 5428. dorumunadar •\. 1281 pass. dobriathar an adverb 2668. 3 . 3 . iii. doru- do-ess-benaim / s. gan douchta 4059. MI. nodusben^3^ 5455) nodambentar 5449. menadar 150. ecaiph 4323. consider. ii. a f. 2000. . charm. subj. acc. rotimairg 117 in timarr 2950. I 3 s.doshailedar. a domidiur / domiditer the word 1869. Wi. 131 ''2.g. T.69 inf. 331 add. CC. domunda manda viii. act. djcrbaird Ir. SR. rodocair 2019. dourgbad 366 raise.- dudfailci don. doformagat I144. 107. fashion. 2308 unshapely. 1953 daer 5340 do-moiniur / cut. 290. 3 dobadi 5159. : TP. pass. O'Mulc. /v/. 5933. fut. s. nodusbendai 5449 3 s. 3*3: p. 3 s.7 Thur. ferend TP. 742. derive. dolbim / a bard of the second class. doformaighet 1888. 3 pl.v. pret. do-eagmaing 1265. dialt . Ml.8. pres. exceeds 1935. gtft. 18 judge. expect. . saidh doreipsead na berlu-sa 213. § 716 don terra. ar doruimnetar 2454. 547. 1980. dóerugud do 2096 to . . tightness. ii'orldly rotebed 2274 . lii'>23 pres. 4. difficult. da-n-imorr •'i- 3392 3 s. natagendais dogentais) 3389 do-imm-dí-ásaim / Lat. 3 s. rotuiU (nad- 3218 do-gníu / do. s. gl. 320 docair hard. pret. 3578 na tormaig 1232 rel. timmthasta. Sg.pres. dorimart 2397 . measure. na turgbadis 3389 do-fuillim / add.p. domiter 954. do-for-od-gaibim / pass. doilphdi sorodolpset 'i. 60.p. think. unite. dosrimthos 6331. do-báidim Idvown. . duformaighet 260 4241 inf. subj. ar rodipad fuirre 3136 . tormaiges 1569. 998. dóchusaigiur / deem dodochusaigedar 151 likely. pres. duformaidh 776.8. . destroy. nad tairlic 66 (do-for-ad-cí) 3 s. Eg. . Acall. 3 pl. dorimthas : : dochta ness. Ped. Cf. pres. Gr. pass. pass. 21 O'D. is ed duepenar 567. Str. tronblesome 2016. 1237. don tebi 3. 1590. Origg. f. m. filid 4524. impf. frie dograind 2593n. 3 s. : Cor.GLOSSARIAL INDEX do-ar-sissiur / sland fast. extinguish. díbdud m. focail dóerbard m.p. imite. perf. o rodipad 4338. : don don gl. iarsinni teipiter damna na eistib 414 overloohs. MI. select.) dochuisin fwith 520. ii. do-fer 1797. 2247. place. dofhidh do-fo-ethaim I go. is pres. make. dofhourmaghat pass. difficidt. pres. tachmaic sul> V. 35'=2 : incideret. cia . coarto. impf. 1817 dorimtas pret. fer. increase. Lec. tórmach. dochuisneat 639. doimmthastar. 1691 g. s. dofarce Hdb. timtasta. shorten. remain. impf. 14 prefixitig H. doairesedar 494 . do- (2) a difficulty. pass. exists Acall. 3 pl. 3 s. na tri 2334. doairised 2995 do-ath-com-icclm encompass.p. dodheilb 472 dodraing (l) hard. 1946. doghraing gain. conas snechta : tacmaing ferna i. closeness. 493. pret. co dufailced don. dodaing dodeilb 278 : difficult. gl.8. 1545. timmargain 5419 do-(in-com-iccim) / chance. don tidnocul 2733. dorimtas 117. variegated. draoidheacht.6. 3 s. niggardli- 5973 3 p. non cedentem. dodaing co timairceter 1078 inf. dos-farraidh don don. 320 Y . besgna doumundanus.

eter duilib 916. I surpass. ni duthcha drong 1229. Laws drech f. 987. due . tuathdruim left of stem 947. dorrói. Fedha 1198.s. ii. darin druim . dringtaeli relating to advancing. fut. P. Ériu. ndorusa hefore 1286. eubhai 4760. in respect 0/405. 2700. 2187 g. 3 s. Lec. isna indoth offspring. 5939. 5934. a dualgus 2825. means. arna 5416. doth a cpds. 5670. 3039 573. 990 deas in droma 986. 2355. g. duol coir 2718.s.6. eua 4379. dreoán. xx. glicc. climbing. 1367. tredruim ihrough stem 948. doithid in cú. (i) an aspen I196. Laws fall. ehad f. do imdruim ahout stem 948. xiii. d 815. Duili book. . (l) d^'^ •* dunta 2183 due. 1401. RC. na ndrech D. elend 5523. 989. ebad 1347. dorair ndualaig 5241. 1675. : deasdruim right of stem 94. 989 . 5441.s. a duan ndremain duain 1588 2191. conflict. De duilib feda Duilib do-tuitim / dtaothsatis sec. n. T. Ó salmon 5599. dunta na nduan 2182. pret. Cf.50. hoard. 5548. closing. 344.4290. 1192. Cor. elevation Metr. Laws Metr.1. na duaine 2209.s. St Molig. 122 fut. 5494. 1975. I533. 152 duan Lism. compar. : Triads : inddoth.2. leasdruim athwart stem 948. com- dúnad 2207 g. O'Cl. do-ro-saiglm / 3 s. : dur 1153. 929. •i' clever.p.9. dorrae cucunn no durse uaini : doróscaim 5388. : a. 4674 blachthom 11 55.s. (di-ro-od-scuich) doroisce. : diail 3152 Duil Feadha Mair dúil a 200. excel. 4275. D.7. ebadach 5853. 6066 eblud m. bringing up 5446. cona nduanaib 1579. . Wi. isin F^udha 4311. in Tbc. 2701. s. 986. Wi. fit. a ST. drúcht (2) a rising.332 donfa(?) 2231 do-od-saisim J 3 s. sustain. afoldlZ<i. a place 5381 dorar battle. a ridge. a. 601. . : a duan ndremain 2191. 1571 dremun sudden. a poet ofthe 2243. 4274.6 Ogham 1567. dos m. fifth rank. i a cause. litter. dothad. in duil dia bad litter n-innisin •i- 526.p. rothaisigh 78 f.p. m. a g. euad 1677. a duir (i) oak dair letter O'Dav. vehement. -i.4276 doss m. 5597. 2182 3542. a ardam dossaib do dus m. draisen a droigen the duilgius m. 1358. dúal m. a cendfochrus. vigorous. (2) the 4250.3.p. arris of Ogham.p. xii. a dualus in right of. a satirist 500. dul m. f. 988. O'C. passing. RC. arching reach. cetoth ( = cet-doth) rci\^o\h. eba 4300. 5600. go. GLOSSARIAL INDEX druin nurse. iii. for duana 5253 112 Cor. 3 p. adj. rearing. indoth finni 5672. close of poem. f. n. 2970. duail 342. face. tria ebaid 5430 . 5661 (2) the Ogham diphthongs beginningwith e. Ir.8. T. isin hatching. wizardry 5799- druideacht druim n. cach duaine 2218. ardoth 5936. Lec. an a. dorus. dúal m.7. dúthaig ahundance 5247. defining. co ndruincland 5271. 5522. 2697. of many faces or hosts 2205 4248. a poem.9.3. origin. Mugeme inf. 153: doth a elements. dorósci<5 Laws RC. derivation. Wi. stretch to. 73 ainm gach dunta 2195 do dhligegaibh dunta na nduan . stem.85 doss. n. 2711 f. dualus right. Wi. dú a. duar dúil duil a word -'i- focul 2352. pret.40. 623. 369. bush. .s. 120: anmounda dringtacha 3930 droén a wren 5694. 1286 difficulty 2059 11 80.3 .

ria head 2175. extent.4317. 357 Sg.-//f/.s.eu 5522. e. 4 emancoll douhle c. 2795 . e. Gr.3 skill. ecommuaim fidraid primeillge 743. a learned man. . aircetal horsewhip. -i- e 1195. 2263. 2163 .5. eiplt 4301. hecnadu 47. CC. écnalrc (i) ahsent : (2) a past tense.8.6 overlaying. 5524. écomúalm a false 5061. a false rhyming 1943. oc ecnuch 1333. Lec. O'Dav. reviling. cen ecnach 1934.7. 2170. eamain Ir. cen eledain 1751 elecampane. écumans éd -want ofpotuer. healadna 4940 a. Hebre^v. Ir. eidheand 4286. O'Mulc. n. áed. Eaphra . O'Mulc. maith a edh 2823. a a. 1942. craft.p. blasphemv. O'Cl. Lat. edad •i. a satirising.s.p. f. 1205. heresy 61. 2462. 5613. 1365. 5591. p. eilit 4282. T. 4421. 16^7 970.8.: GLOSSARIAL LNDEX Bbra n. 4298.• (2) Ogham 5612..4298. 3215-8 elg nohle •!• oirrderc 2517. iron 4542. elit 1185. 333 the IleJneiv íoiigue. : Cor. 3541. gibh 1686. g. emoncoU amancoU emun- e. fo edh 4« teine 2844. ed law A- 2281. 2173.6. tedious eamancoll 1372 637 1373. . gl. edeand 1188. 5184. mo a ed 1470. O'D. emnach double. edind 1197. ecnairc e. art.90. ecnald m. Ir. i écnuad detraction 1935. : echta/^/v. 2311.3. gei na fili- n-eiges -i- d. (l) a union.s. 2294. eiccius g. iii. a billhoot. Wi. ed uath 762 . Wi. ellach n. edlend horselash. 5192-5 coll 1370. d' e'csib 2120. 5252.p. «cor an orna- emain 1578. an absent for a present 1941. sage. 5173. 2349 ela swan 5696. ecomfúaim 5212. 33 eireteacht f.2060. 1195. do fis Wi. twin 5907 emnad a doubling 439. dona vii primell. díii éd protection. 4577.3 elend 2056. a 2459. O'Dav. •écnaigim / satirise. 1026 eabron pan. Gl. la poef. 3780. metj e proper to a cano. xxxii.s. decht uo uasal cantain. vii . 5526. 5244. d'eochtaiph 2686. can .s. 5190. eithlend 4302 f. {\)witch hazel . n. 1930.s. composiíion.s. cahiron. can ceas.7. honeysuckle.6. treith a ed 1476. ind emain 3673. 2890. ecsait hollow of 5035. . fosgadh 2845. ed ^. Ed. shelter. 5605. f-edh ae 407. woodbine 5523. Hog. 3 "II.. St. comhination. n. 5201 e. 5660. emilt prolix. ed a space. dualitas \2ii. 407 p. 3510 g. 28. weaJtness 969. T.s. O'Dav. 28 : 5215. a hind. Tbc. écndairc. ecenelas 5060. i n-anocht n ellag 5224 d. trained. fo fedh -i- ed dliged 2730. 5059. lasna hecnadaibh 2335. 765 adorning. knee. fri frecnairc 5057. fo a edh the a 5205. doe. edad (i) an aspen : (2) letter Ogham heigius 2794 cride ecis 5895 eices . di 5211 éces m. esgat 112 Lor.na nd-egeas I114. écnach n. a Tr. Metr. O'MuIc. 509 eladnach fiiideacht artistic. Wi. poetry 2007. Gild. hough 1854. ech-fhlesc f. O'Dav. learning. gP.g. Sg. X 1364. 67 mo a fedh a n-airdi 4575. Ebra 353. 5656. echlaisg 4297. eladu cecha f. professional. f.g. 2064.s.g. Wi. ebrón O'Br. egnaigeas 1334. •i- éeenel cau a false gender 1942. 2067.p. écse f. g. uilleand 11 97. Ebra 3765 hEpra 2716 d.6. 2161. 1479. écuibdius m. (2) a 7>ietre. cc. menting. Crit. edenn itiy. g. philosopher.s.g.8 fre. 5171 At-Ba écndag. ecomuaim 5217 . epit 5728. 31 elet f. 180. iii. allileration 25 ''13: n-elluch focail 902.

1722. ed aon a : charm. epscop m. pass. 3781. 7 ©pe a cutting. veneficium. ceithri 1625. int aurlonn indsci 1705. tinction 845. 896. decay 4299.5 903)5. pres. iocus. co n-irdiphand 3920 reproduced in the Oghara (?). erlond indsci 5077. etardeliugud m. 585. inf. I2»4. 635: (2) a composition. a dichned. 2694. dis^ hafit.334 emnaide GLOSSARIAL INDEX (i) doubled. esse a beginning. 4893 . SR. da locht deg etardefrigim / 895 . (sc. teora. Lec.5.9. etarde- na hirlabra 1943 erlonn f. 1751. trí numerals ceitheora emnaither 4422 énalrecht f. irlond 'i' 1949. é.9. 1547) airnin 2576. erlabra f. 592 escop Metr. track (vix subst. ercro erlapra 4724. erlonn 1704.9. 285. ennacosse Sampi 900.5. airnnin 4802. episcopus. expression urlabra 3800. 817. . 61*5 v. O'Br. •i- earc. Wi. bishop. 1626. g. Fel? •i- esba uselessness 628. selecting. •i^ a philtre. 248. Z? 657''). shafit of spear. d. earnal •i.8 is the meaning erc red. aurlond insci 21 17 eó a yew-iree. repre- er(ar)-dl-báidim / submerge. the sign fior tvhich 349) 350» 385.3. (i) a zone. sented by two fishes tied together by the arris tails. 1632.p. essentia esse Wi. 459 margin erned m. caiti int eurland . aurlond no insce 1703. effect. ised. the it : (2) a preceding luord a doubling.7. distinguished 5589. ed 618. aurlond 1621. (l) speech. 1248.gne. : airdíbafea'4338. 1634. d. 86. .. í. isi. nion ar epert f. 5526 (2) dec emnaiti 4518. dá énaire. im eolach 2027. 1623. 3o''i6. Laws ousel A.7. p.7Cor.4. Pisces. q. adbarrda causal c7-eative éric a fine. eisi cruthoighti esse Wi. 414: strongIy influenced by (2). a word. érchoiliud m. 2711. 3 s. urdipí/aí/4322 > —< eisi Cf. O'Mulc. Origg. coll se e. Wi. 3803. 1357. etaill 4642 differenliate. iobhar •!• eo barr semper 4300. 'esse.s. i. apocope. d. honour price 1334 engracus place. urlandaib 1624. analysis. eu 5523. urlonn enech honour. éfva. fer roeoiacli a mberla 5470.3. eungradus -i' greim Sg. BB. note h p. epe •i' tepe 390. a ernail f.s. esse ab esoce piscis.p.lon 5601 f. destroy.^ócnoi.p.5. f. esca moon. 3778. aurlunna 1714. 70 . a gender ofi the noun emoncoll ar a n-emnaide 1364 comprises the pronouns the emnaim / doufile. Lat. species. er gach toiseach 2270. Lat. eólach leamed. TP. iii. Aíetr. tree.9. m. ernailib 1893 n 3368. anastroprie enistrafen n p. imchomairc 1925 partiiiones. eirnedh -i- fuasgladh 2729. status. 915 . 1717. etardefriugud 914 a distinguishing. bricht epaid 4540. Metr.v. definition 3443. cf. (l) a inf. XXX. a fowling 5803. 45 : ergnaid cf. aibgitri 5513. urlonn insce 1949. elide.9. iii. cia heraic 2193. ernaili eolaig 2003. TP. kind. fri hurlainn 1633 urlanda 1624. 5267.9. Din. an opening. 5130. a oen erniud 357.30. : RC. eusga mar Luan 3533 esse • ér er noble eur uasal 2689.uasal 1325. 416 (2) Lat. 911. . f. 5934) 714. ii. a. etall no/de friges 3799. 2174. Tr. ingrecus greim 4912. Gr. for set na ur. spechled 5701. ii. explana-tion. eónasc epaid Lat. Laws wn 255. shilled. 302. 1557 . selection ernin ihe Ogham accent on final double consonants markitig an apparent vowel lengthening.- esoce from zodiace zona). erchra a withering aivay. division 2046.4. spear-bed. ise 1876. and dí. the I2th sign of the zodiac. penalty. 3798.7. pres. 3 s. 25 -i. 1631. Gk. Gor.90. : aurland 4699 indicating fiollowing .

662.pl.: GLOSSARIAL INDEX etardeochraiglm / distinguish be- 335 íween. 210. 587. n. C. d. 120 feili . heenness 5194. 2774.4. journey. 586. C. Ir. Gr. base^ fedm Laws an effort. féile im Eoin 3837 feisi 5192 soTv. 4474 . fele/o. hideous. feithith 2240 s. ivhich are found. .onn 5651 fedil constant. pres. Tr. for glun 5008. 2 p. E. Wi. LJsm. O'Cl. isinn etechtu pronoun pass. fele ai 3308. separated. uprightness.Jind. faebrach keen-edged. 4543. Cf. gredimur •i- tve intervene") separation . na forchai 147. 850 : (2) . unallowahle 2772. bright. .i. f-aicit an accident (?). ? do-etait 363. fasaige 1303. hospitaIiíy. fegthair do thaebomnaib are regarded as conson- étiud clothing. v. rohetrocht 5107 fége ants 5457 f. I : RC. 4825. dano indracus 3309. 2221. 5035. feth 916 fé fé alas ! fe fe flesc 4299. féice a (juia ridgepole.//-v. f. modesty. 3 s.7. 3153.p. fasaigh : .s. Lat.á. A/etr. feles a word or verse containing four teirasyllable falrcle a knee-cap. 1954 . 4635 a stone •\. 1337. aicid. Laws co cuibdius fel poetry 3306. guth- antan fedhair a hindsge coir 3148. fsher. luslrous. 2227.p. Laws etarsgarta étechta parted. m. 310 ugly : Wi. comparatio^ etarar is i faiscre Lat. \. 7V. na forchuda 2440 fásach n. O'Dav. etait 363. 1317. loio f. 1932. in etechta 732 2253. 740 848. ipv. 3 s. feil xiii. 2740 Ped. steady 2135 fedim / lead. 1421.p. lahich might have 5423. 360. feacht étruime lightness. O'Cl. 74 féle f. dualiías conjugalis.6. 4651. honour. 82 2007.1. Lec. etargnaghudh 845. feile fair a bearing. 2595) fédaid 2737. coí^ering. galmarium 1083. n. Cor. ethar étlg a boat. 4795. iii. . faidh 1486. • (i) Lat. foruaslaigeach 844. 4250.éigsi. regard.4594. n. Cf. a commentarv. fáid 5131 feelinn a seagull 5693. window 6l02. 640. f. n. . 18 étrocht glancing. feis f. syllables. foilenn king- féith a sinew. vesture. íuirre fsete 280 . f. L. function aigned n-eitig 3130 etir (in-ta) is eidir 3008. etardeochraigiiis 3777 etarderrscaigiud m. a pig. Fel? fége. Ped. 2943 2221. Cor. edechta 378 as subst. etargreim. littering. 643.5. 81 féil : 76. inter- fáthach íáthach cleverness -i- 2249. d. 3310. interpretation. berla n-e. titter 1853. foruaslaigthech 3716. •!• gliocas. Gr.4. O'CI. Tbc- Acall. 2066. feghair 4777 fedlend honeysuckle 1156. 5556. for feacht feili company on a journey^ Wi. Gl. § 716 f. feich 1815. a distinguishing 915 etargaire gaire .s.e. fasaigh 4624 fáth a garment. . foir. sharp 2133 fáed f. a crv. i.40. an interpreting. send. pres. 2526. T. 2685. 3280 . fedoid fedem -improper. 855 na hetergaire 3437 etargnugud m. § 838 fégaim / look on. 2240. fead pres. feudhair 4771. p. ethaim I go. 5034.'}Íoi.s. shelter 5142.cáise no mulchán cheese.p. 2240 g. Three Med. hetir •!• etis B. g. fecht a cf. robe 5584. 1214. inflection^ etargoiri 337. take. farcha a mallet. Wi. 3 p. fasoighe 4620. MaroSg. with 2 3 affixed s. O'Dav. put. : fath cf. deismeracht O'Dav. étrad eathradh 4213 L. Wi. ogam n-eathrach 6133. 3374 etargradimus (phps. : feithlend Lism. etargnougiid 3282. hateful. delicacv 2315. frecras in condelc 847. 3276. a feasí. praestat lucem domui.

poetry vii ndeich na filideachta . e. 40 n. an Ogham leiter. fertom it it supfice. ist and 2nd sing. fenchas v. Din. Cie /euth 3879. . fid. air is i in fern 1154. feraid + pron. serves me 1618. p/uvia.32. 4264.4250. iii. 7. fidach copse. (2) . feochuos 4255.s. Cf. pres. g. 5798 . rirgo 606. /.9.3 : 336 fellsamnacht 2341)5. g. wiiher. hindred. feimin 3025. filidecht cur-hrier ferrdris a 4295. domun fid 2204. fern •i- fearn sin isin T. in Feinechus 4622 ."-.8. feodaigim / innsce. vowel letters. venom. 860 . 1004 § : saire 5651.- fellsumh m.s. dia fich in Fene •i. co fiar athwart 5788 flchim / boi/.g. Cf. femen g. Lism. g. /. 0/ accidence or deach. 12 fidrad freccomail an alliteration heiween t/ie /ast word of a stanza and t/ie first (stressed") word of the fo//owing stanza.6.7. Tv. Fe/. Wi.8. : Blog. 797 feraim I give. fit (?). shruhs^ feoru s a spindle-tree 1155. 3307. Thc. awry. fe alas ! 4294. Pénichus m. 1740. feochta. masculine 1463. 607. Hy. feadha 769 . Gl. fethim O'Dav. ani aerais 669. 1503. f. a. 4249. q.s. forbaid. réim. iii. honour. O'Cl.' : structure. for fhidhbait 818. ii.s.do rad dib ó Fenius Farsaid. 14 x : 30 y the art of the poet. 4692.s. 5363. 75 feth smooth. 603.20 f.4. alt. 3085 Laws flannamailcecheterdarai the biggest 191 /rish. 1340. a vowel 917. 3644. comfhuaim fhidraid 5363. Metr. fi a ournna 331 1. 29. coll.6. indignalion. feda 919 1343 a . 762. //-. fernd 1168. p. aimríar. 43 hutchery feólairecht 5215. Jieshiness. Lavvs fidba Tln: hedge-hill 5725. 3 s. berla F. /ound. 4523 fiar croohed. hrushwood. Anec. 1714. dim. Cor. fernn 5494. co n-imuaim fidraig. Cf. 5622. fí had. Thur. feadh 769 fidat hird-cherry (?). 24 f. Lism. 3088 3308.s. : m.(i) wwí/ 853.p.p. 3307 . •i- íiaclach 6093 litir femen •!• fíad f. ferda manly. fjslmacán $34. 29. femder a virgin 606 •[• ogh-ingen fí anger. 53. pres. for ferna 1281.7. . philosophv g. Pélne the ancient 2525. n. 1421. fi Metr. II 56. philosophns^ a philosopher 671. feochad. Three Med. 620.8. couir fiodraid 3874. do uiledetaidh na feallsamnachta 2339 ferthain Lat. 606 Tr. 191 2. a yonng síudenl^ pupil 331 1 . 1196. 3 s.3 g. . Cor. 1182 . Cor. íí poison. 633 7cithered /ooí. customs. and language.s. Din.1 d. 2392 fialus m.e.4. 5514 doghrier.«i?. GLOSSARIAL LNDEX f.'e. fernas caill 5538. relalionship. O'Cl. feartot Cf.-. Lat. f. fellsamh 670. g. feminine gender 522. tucad o letter f. felmac m.s. airdibdad ferna 1283. the old Irish laus.v. sup. 79 fi oulc 3312. serve. VVi.5. cona f. //-. 4301. 610.p. 4691. letters. rain 4220 féth 'i. 1302. 4 toothlihe feme Lat. cen § 428 : fóirim. frisna cuic feda d. isin F. 3087 femen flesc. fidhat fidhout 4251. Gl. or trunh 260 one : (3) letter. in fern 5536 (2) the Ogham : fern ecomuaim fidraid 5217. feocus 5528. serves thee 1619. 74 Tr. fernn 5537.6. i. n. ^í7. feochos having 0/ the 7 heads 1160. etargoire 739. . u'ord in Gaelic 1435.s. 1747.9. 610. fiadha 4545 bean : seach ba fémen ba feindidh heing fíadach hunting. fidhrad freucuomail.p. fidbad fidrad 3879 wood. iii. n. 764. senchas Péne. (i) an alder. for fiaduch 113^ besides a woman she was a champion.

pret.70 5701. xxvi.p.5 GLOSSARIAL INDEX fillim Ifold. focheird íocert to. f.5. 20 findcholl white-hazel fine f.7 irfind Metr. 3 p. fogouar 5224. 3 s. filltecha . filltigthi 1515.4357 foillgiud (fo-sligim) a smearing 1756.p. Wi. 870 . pres. Metr. '. cccxxxiv. 3 s.4. fadb 5395 damage.s. Cf. 3 . division.f. disturb. . . 2893. fut. n. bliadhna na foghlama 2477 fisid Lat.46. qu. fombera 5343 fo-chanaim / sing TP. d. pret. fodailt a dividing. 1660 filltiugud m. a forbthib fio fo-gliunn / impf.s. blood-red 5698. fogurda 382. kiiowledge g. filltech (l) injiected^ 3788 dealba 5932 foplach having words 2133 ilfoclaig 1558 slightly hent . 5235. inf. 5131. 13 . seize. foimtiu 4426. pres. 16 cosmail. an filltigh 1656 oenfilltech 1668 infiection vtfieclioH. dim. a division. 5105. fess 2237 fíu worthy. flesc bun fich a root offighting. bend. O'D. 2759 . 4476. allowing. pres. flesc afence. fod Lat. injury. ifin q. foglaimim / learn.7. 1421. sub s.f. RC. hedge. 929 f. ng. f.5. . brec i fochanar 290. rel. 3788 send.p.s.s. doib 1244 fodb n. fuidhit 359. focertad 451. arin bfoucal fir-dinggeas foglaim learning.) 5231. flaithius m. secip ni fodhlaidir 456 finn milch-sovj . a strohe or score for or part thereof 964. ii. 4475 d. finemain f. 2874. fo-chrom 1664. fóidim / 2736 s. foglúaisim / 3 s. destrov. for íoimdin na focul 1370. n. 451. 439. 5434 6064. fillti 112 : Laws Cor.foetus 1479. muc ii. m.s. g. a vine-tree 1186. fochosach fochrotha well-footed 6062. 3. Lat vimen 610. Dinds. disqiiiet. fodail 5772 . line. 42. 2914. 4474 ni . . 479. pass. 2286 O'Dav. pres. O'MuIc 561. delicate 3089. fogail in anma fid n. . goodness. iii. from : perfections of •i- Wi. g. fograigim 976 2820 . f. compress. d'fhoghlaib vii afamily. . fogla 5490. pres. 3664 Wi. ^- subj. 3 pass. fut. arms. f. imtting. pres. flann flesc red. 382.s. H. Felr Eriu vii. n. pret. 9 3 s. s. iar 2736. fograided 2750 dia fograigud femen •i- flesc 610. ffilliud 1638 n. isna filltib 1541 part.p. 2823. nofouglainnedh 3999 nofoglaindfedh 1045 rofoghlointi 2454. i s. 587 1641 : (2) m. fo-gonaim I wound. 1225. an Ogham jenfleisc letter fograigim / sound. . fograigit 368. .p. ad- 5143 p. fherinsce 576. . 4732. íó Die 3341 . finn white. 4284. pass. i 3596 . 2914 Laws . a consenting. p. Ascoli. E. 42 1 fogal 2124. filled 4474 pass. T. find. 18. 194 : throws. 7. fouiti 2758 the composite foilchesta Ogham letters fo-berlm / attach. s. impf. . d. : filltir . move. fiUti inflected 905. voiced 906. worth. o rofoghlaimet na 3 . finni 5672. 1637 fodá(i)lim / divide. fodailter fín L. 8. Laws learn. rofuidhedh 1041. 2902. subj. 625* reign. Laws.p. Cf. inflect^ 3 s. do fochlocain 2252.7 a rod. sciendum 3523. pass. fotgluasfither 5348. guth fuiti 359. pass.s. for fodailt 5669. Laws flescda fó good -X' sheliered. nos-foidend maith 2822 580. fofis fond fo- 2544 faiti p. Ir. fodla 2005. like (with accus.5 fír-dinggim / truly press. 2844. 3 s. fiss m. in compos. inf. na feo air coindelc (?) 3728. o fhlaithius II2I Triads Wi. 3 3 fut.8. llS(>. fodla a preposi- feda shruhs 1151. 788. sr 429. spoils. catch. hilberlac 216. filled m. 337 fillis fochloc. fochlocán a poet of the seventh rank. trihe. 399. g. tional case.p. pass.v. 4535 . a flaithiusa 1122 co deredh 3 s.• fon-gluaisi pass.

fonialus additional letters 6112. a small whaie (?). fore-enclosed 6086 conceal. forbaidi 4768. 3789 a. . do forfhedhaib 765 forfeda (2) . pass. fuirbthe 1545.s. dark blue 5669 . 3268 (2) the . . pres. foluaich (fobluaich) ainm f. nosfirfed uile. multiply. fo-luigrim / hide. pres.6. onomatapoetic. forbaider 253. a great company or party compress. qui fuoirpdai 5005. (l) a belauding. sec. fourbaid fordingi 3647. fri esse forma. n.s. 924. foriata 1587. Tbc. a inclusive. Ducange forbaim. fri O'Cl.na forfid 5417 d. 30 '^I forcraid excess. 1568.3. n. an forbaid forinnsce added gender 574 forleithe breadth. substance 912 ardingim n. foraicme an 1565. . cindas folach. perfect. Wi. land fo-nialus 2835 slight CC. Fel? accent. Sg. hyperbole. folud m. foltchain having iJuhite hair 5529. 2902. 2158 sjllables of e. a spiritualitati aptus sit invigilet.3. (i) a diphthong.6 foirim / help. forbaidib 820 i fuirmthe 5036 . g. focul forba anaile 930 . teora foirmcestu imcesta nachas-forband 2122 rel.f. Wi.s. : Gor.g. forbau 1305. 1342 n.4. 1414. 4697. la. fill up.p. 5157-9 the last 3 s. na forfeda . 2316 1575. foirther 2114.s. vigilant 3642. overemphasis. formarius 811. for-dám 2236 f.2. composite Ogham no letters 3 s. for-bríg f. Wi. forfuilled group 5676 foráil an excess. in fhailgit a n-ulcu 2008 5105. a forpa i nguthagaiph 3006. rel. scribtar na forbaide-sea potius qui monachorum 1551.s. forfid m. caingen falaigh 2185 fond m. Laws fo-línim / make full^ supply. complete. a forba foriadad m. do 3327. bloach.s. : nullity. n. in 5062.5.p. 3003 g. airim forbthi 1445.7. re- facticious. iar fuilliucht aili 1361. 5933. 6121. cension. g. 821. a forbhthi 1817. Tbc. nasfurfead 5164.f. f. oc forglais Cf. qui caeteris fuirbhthe 907. n. fordingim / s.s. nocho nfuillter before vowels (?) so betha 5162 forbriste brohen 3788 up. oenflesc forcraid 5872. 1444. in many-faced. 1406.5 f orfuillim additional or diphthongal foruillid / add to. formcesta f. forglaisi 5671.— 338 foirbthe perfect^ GLOSSARIAL INDEX complete 592. 1614. forfhid 1340. 4796 inf. 4404. 1878.p. bonis sit Qui prae- na forbaide sin 1563. ag 1544. comprehensiveness 2276. inf. s. 3633. foirid 3637. for 1344.2. 1941. 906. forbes 4519 6036.s. forba an end. 697. pass. fouiiius 3402. : 5238 begin the next with no elision articulate foirithnech helpful 2647. foiret 2171 fut. superlative degree 645. 3 s. forbeóim / 3635-7 vivify. chena. nach fuillter 4494 folliucht forcmachta (fo-slicht) track. pres. 812.feld. PH. g-s. d. 740. foirit 2170.3. forbaither 4359 foi'molad m.8. 549I1 5510 gp. 2054.32 foluach m. forbthe 1855. Dignitas in Monasteriis.6 d. is forbaid f.s. pres. cen . version. .5. super monachos omnino curiose intendat et sollicitus sit. overstress. 4767 fuacra na forbaidi sin 1561. 3 p. completion.p. pres. addition 2778. d. 3 . fordúnta foreclosed. forbeoidh 812. 810. 3 v. siu ratione 1951 . 4796 forglas 5934- blue. Senior qui ad lucrandas animafe. shutting up. do . forbad monachis vitae suae luceat.p. forbaid . overstrength. 5155. 4503. forbim / achieve. co forbu 519. . . iar forbu 1735. are stressed to line. ig incosc .

4647. 844. foxlaid 1882. 4769. 2056. resiing. a 5937 ^o<§' 5677. fotaig 4378 fotaigim I make long.4. scribthar 813. 657. fuaslaicteach Cf. .4621.8.8. forlgellaid 2795. . tormach siUaéibe (•ilormolad). express. 3 s. pres. corn-P^ fortórmach an addition. 2773. fuasglad. g. to a luord 339 1652. a. fri fat 1072 12 . 4646 forrán (l) aggravation. 1945. on. 5681: Aisl. xviii.foros.5. Wi. the fothorand a suhordinate part. TP. fortgaidi. forsail the accent on a long svllahle.19. fothoigim 2819. 90"^ 2 133 <*/ seq.p. fuid 1552 d. RC. mane. 362 : . 148. 4459. 1647.9- Wi. co foxlaid 906 heath. violence. P^ss.1 foth. rigi 1330. an answering responding to. 1884. 6008 frecnarc Lat. foxlan 1645. 1662. foxlada 1661.4.9. Ml. forsata 156. 2l6l. 1677 . 5 »9. 4771. 578 Origg. i 167'' gelW/2794. Triads. foxlacha 1890 . cona fortormacht- fresgaphala 2426 (2) ascensive case.7 . forfodail 2473 . fregarthach m. 3 s. : fotach long. rel. 2419 obscuration. 29"! 14. sub ic edargraidimus divide. Cf. to. ina foxlaid impf. fortgellaim / 3 s. declare. in 2774 g. iii. g.1 íresgabhail 1527. fororcán 581 (2) a long syllable 1339.g. •!• 1546. -i. id. f. etargradimus foruaslaigthech 3716. 186.58. 1556. Tbc fot n. . \f. injure. 1991.i: casus cf. fot n. . fordota 4003. -^"^n. Tbc: fortched. forofoglaid 282. 2151.8. 1546. 4981 fer-on 1793. 4084 fresgabál f. frecndairc. ann-on dominating. for-tá II3Ó. fróech m. positive 1356. a foundaiion. CC. (l) 1 : length. toceth. foglait 2597. is upon foxaul 1522. fraech frithrosc 5994. RC. in fidh forthormaigh 1735.s.s. 2164 e. frescbail 1789.p. aiph 2510. fofodail sui- Laws : Str. 1564. X fortchide.7. fossugud m.9.. I fothaiges 814 f. Gr.435. 733. nem- foruaslaigeach an intervenin^.p. 5284. fuit 824. 3 forbeiih covering. n. on 1859. suh- Ogham forsail sign of -which gai ind fhir s 1405. lengthen. for fot (2) buaidir foranna 5986 comparative degree 645. p.93 foxal 4741. foutaiges iarsinni forrgim / hurt.8. 3634. fordorcha no ruamanta 1323.s. forfogailti 4024. 1784. halting. XX. a tre f. 4982. dim. 20 m.5. 4675. sillab fortormaigh 2968 . interrogative case 1886. for fut 812. forna Sg. in fad as as far as fororc m. gand-on. fortcidi 4640. forsail for fout feudhair sail ar forsail 1885. Wi. g. subj.5. forbid 81 1 . degree 644. co forrgidis 3652 .s. anger. Lec. basis 687. foratuit 244. forran fírbrised. foxla 4754. 1573. heaiher. aiccenta 4374 g. forrach a stretching -i. fortciud m.62. : fraoch 2834.s. berla forteidi 'i. totaim. Metr. fosugud o focul co focul 1595. forsail 1820. d. 1920. 4237. d.VLÚ. 4928. 1157. 690.s. oppression. dia fattugud 1332. -i- 2735. division. fráech. fordotait s. O'Mulc. sail a n-inad is division 1897. 150 foro-fodlaím and for-fodlalm / snián •!• a a loosening. pres. Cóir An.6. a foundinfi.p. 5067. 3267.s. 2559. : Fian. 1786. gl. 1663. inf. fortuigim. equivalent 1085 freacarthaich 1090.4251 II95 : (2) hair. . arad fortormacht f. 4354 fotha m. 3 p. .fundative case 1524. (i) n. 579. 15.s. fothugud foxul m. 4803. fors chance iTj. a supernddition. II46.s. 3267 ablaiive case. (i) an : ascending. 6.4. Gl. ben-on fir-on 1983.: GLOSSARIAL INDEX addition of a syllahle. 2082. feinne fothud. 1353. xx. frecnairc apresent person or tense 1942. fortud invocative case (?) 1522. 3 pret. fodaib 1536. 1839. ni fort- Sg. n. fothalgim I foiind.s. ii.

gceth 500. co nach §791 frith has heen found 2124 2021 . 4885. pair 570^ 1854. fuam sea . 4985.: O'Dav. sail gairdigius in foucal 3 pl. of gelim d. fri- gand-on 52S4. generositv. Wi. 5968. a. subsiding. Suppl. fritha (inf. O'Cl. set. 3665 of gataim) a tahing away. Cf.fault. freis old calf a stripper 5762. n.HSD. acuteness ofmind.s. P. togaibter 160 : Laws O'D. gairn-aigenta 4375.6. 4976. genus pigmenti vel succus vel lac ferule. Vit. 1547 254. tie 5727 fiiar sea •i- dilend •i- géd a goose 1698.5. Lism. a roar.s. gair guth 665. WL gabar 3170 . pl. attach repeatedly.s. a weavers bsam. garmna 5544 1176. a goai 540. 3 s. Lisni. fad nad fubai cf. CC. diHgence $194. fretede 899. fri[th]ortud tecta (?) 1938. 5459. Tr. a short syllable 819. BB. fresgapail 4984. g. : foghair 4724 (2) desidative gáes f.340 fresghabail GLOSSARIAL INDEX l886. B. 5626. géis a swan. gabla 5335.L gleith) a grazing. Acall. giHdir gési 5320 gelt mad.i•{• muir 5444 muir. geilt (O. 2970 gair n. o focul : i frithsuide. inf. garmna nin na 1175. forruim 5397 excess. is freitighe 3781 retaliation. garmain reprisal. gairdigim I shorten. hranch of a family.S. •'v guth 3717. Wi. 25. keen 4050. galbanum. : gal- frithrusc 5994. Gr. mulum. di garmna 4272. study. FeU^ eguivai galmalam lasin 'L-úta&oxx pressed curds f. geind f. 5695. on geig gotha 1698. cf. gand sparce.s. Arch. (i) hirth 626. rel. offn. 68 : frithroisc. v. : Laws frith-saisim I quent. shout. cen fubae. O'Dav. fochann hraird c^e.6.8. wild 1185. 4283. 5) 1878.\. frithindlidech 2649. gá m. on geim 4885. 1547. Wi. carefu/. 1791. Wi. fochon. honourahle daghfuach 3570 gart a hlade of corn. Laitne 3569 lent 313. ngend 5727. Din. too spring. 1653. ann-on 5286 f. Fel? fochannm.s. frithindleadach a counterpart. cona Ped.. d.5.7 gein / . galmiUa^ 1084. Death Tales gart -i. f ulang supporting furáil 1574 808 fuolach 4994 much. voice. a genis de géin 5080^ 5412. Cor.pl. gabul f. a shout.p. a gait 2179 frithgnam m. attentive. wisdom 5271 gáeth wise. ginol frithsuide suithi 1933. case 1776. d. Triads muir. gann. 1034 a wedge. younglings. fuirmim pret. Sanct. glossed as couple. C. i 2327 : frithroisc •i- gamnach f. Ducange. fuachonn. stealing. foichne. gabur m. 3569. 3 Felr s. fuirid (?) derg maesem 5936 : Wi.4. 5551 . fuirmed (l) a placing (2) depositive 1698.p. Sg. : hospitaiity. airell gai 4892 lying down. 1339. frichnamach diligent. a formolad. 83 gelti5554. hreak. gehaib 1189 géim n. g.: : garta gat well-faced. 1 1812. on geimira . a ngen-i^ side 1950. scanty. part. (fo-rimim) place. 26»8: gl. gait f. . Tbc. afork. comely 4060. . gáe. a withe.3. 427I1 5543) . fris-oirgim / violate. 3281. friLhrosc. gourmarium 4078. gabair 5230. conduct 5271. paslure. : 6008. 1552 gáir f. n. gilithir geiss 3960. craind gíe Laws freslise (i) freisligi íí 1173. ngeigh 5695^ L^ 5443 fubai (fo-ben) error. 2487: (2> gene generations. g.p. 382 galmirum (galmarium). xviii. Anec. Pl.1. hacku'ards 5824. togbaither garmna fuach a ivord fuach Wi. ii. 771.s. overfow 1566. a spear. case 1523. necess. g. a milking cow with a year- n-agaid tsrotha. 7 n. eineach.c. 1072.

5247. paiji. elite. : (2) active voice. sound. ges. (i) ivy edeand 11 87. .2. 65 1 1620. gllcach 46. V. smithwori.s. a deed 1548 g. is 2434. 4. golaim / wail.p. a lad 5715 triple dim. Ir. goibnecht f. guiremh dal eidheand : compar. xxxii. g. geis a ban. geinitli gluas 2417. Fel? glaiss 5733 f. 5521. : Ml. 4287. TSh. geilt /y/. in gillccuccan 3463 gin m. 4248 .U.8 2576. ? gorm 4297 blue 5700 •{• . hero 5120. gleó a fight.v.s. in gort 5559 . Tbc. 2576. 3 s. glaisiu I189. gléim / make imper. 5626. c/ear. sup. cf» glas a streain 1065.s. : . gan glor 2049. glúar/«. glonn m. 22. gaoi- ginol 5543) Fei:^ maw. Metr. a horse. Origg. fut- irand giuis I194 gclfad 5288. Fortchern overlord rank of the poets. 18 the 119 broom plant II 57. a gloss. n.s. 1190. g. giniol garmna 1175.'- goirtigern glése brightness. gluas 54. 361 1. in gradh onni is gradus •i. 2494. 2482. Wi. anguish. 5371 Wi. goor 3208. 4328 d. 234. Laws Z. g. champion. gloria gloir glan 2213.s. . 3.s. .s. 5521 . delce 2836 . -i. pursuit 5877. 55 16. 4-6 vortegernos. bogad guirt . glaisium cnis equat.1.15. in ghabair632. gním m. goirtigthern Hist. Wi. sg*»? : cf. 442. pret.s. 2896.gius 5521 letter g 2896.. Wi. is i is in 5801. getal (l) a reed. a lahite horse. 5650.8 g. fiotver. briathar 7 gnima Sg. a using. 940. /oiver jaw. 4252 . ba ges 5943.s. gilcach 1190. 626'= 'i- Wi. a birih. d. usage (2) specific 858. Keat. 23: p. nemid fri gradaib filed. TP. the Gaelic language. light. H. garmno 4271. Cym. etergleithi •i'gleas etarro 3282. a. I gort pl.s. tnandibU. 3541. . O'Mulc. 'i ngnim 642. in ghleiri 2228 glése traci. 651 X. n. Wi. Lec. tabu. for genitive case^ a ndelbh genidli 4847.50.s. Gr. a delidin litterda. Oghatn letter ng 255. gan goimh 2051. 1412 glethe •!• slicht.22*» usual. g. gortigernd 190. prohibition. cheeh. 861. 3169. glais goour. gaoidelg 2282 . i ngenaib 1594. ii. O'D. . 5558. ngedar 5929. 5494. solus isin mBretnus O'Cl. genitll ginitil f.s. 6044.ceim 3284. gaidelc gille m. isin gaidilc 401 goim f. gabar . 3. gobar 3207. teit an glas 4021 glas green. silverv nglas 5700 5617 . ngibue gobur f. do gourt 4324 gort m. ii. gíUS afir-tree II53. 5584. 1668. d. language 0/ heaven 712 f. gaiscech. (2) the 4286. gleam 5090. n. choice. RC. rivulet 1810. the brooni plant A. 18.1 GLOSSARIAL INDEX Senas m. g. grád m. bright 51 31. a glór a noise. in gillgugan 708. g. f. gopar Meír. glaisithir 3500 clear. giall m. grey. gaidilci 4964.1. ar gurt 562. frisin gort arba uile. mouth. XX. 3504.6.s.s. a cornfield. . 144. iarna g. glonn ni. 5521 the : gnáthach 2250 leas roghnathach 843 gnethach gnáthugud gnéach 3736 m. : 3215. a stream. LL. gabuir 539. 4287. glólr Lat. H. VVi. (l) rt deed . gliaidh 980 gleóir splendour 5429 glére f. do gherr a nguirt the A. Laws góidelc f. set in ordev. 341 chaslitv 5271 senemain 1644. i da gnuis in gelli torand gnima cesta. gaedelg filid na gaidhilcci 4525. : cach solus bright. gaibneacht 5801. gulfad 5294. gaedelc 2517. (^^géill)2043 26»»i5 gibe a modelling (in gypsum). n. weep.

s. iarndoe. laoch no garb.30. CC.5667. 347 gúas Cf. dialt n-etarlemme and lorga fuach 1307. a screaming. afishing 5803 íath land. 1081. graib 1557. ibroracht f. a repeating two-thirds of the first accented ar in 51. i of lona. guta 2735 n.i^ tar idha 2795.2 : gruice 5294. galmalam 1084. brabifíin 3465 (2) an Ogham diphthong or triphthong hegin: 1 f. remedy. aspen 5593. 4868. xiii. Lec. gus high spirit. danger. Arch. gour- marium 4079. 520. grus •i- tanach iarnu fawn 5842. Lat.peril 5382 S^iXhdiXi^&beahed. Acall. idho I196.s. Sg. ning with the . Grege 3765 d. O'R. =sail 1727 (2) the old ibhar 5523. yeUing. O'Br. Ogham n.Isech. the latter being of misreading inis Adamnan's loua Coluim Cille 1228. Greek. grande Grec f. m. Beath. Wi. int aenguta the letter. curdled gruthrach milk. galmula 1082. poem. 98 disi idad the (i) the yew. g. Tr.13. d' icc na da fichet'2123 íc 'a healing. iphin.s. Petri R. 'i- gruc a hero. handicraft 239. golh gruce 5288. Cóir An. 4535- íc a paving. 2342.P. syllables. T. company.s. ibur 1153. guttai 1071. 2339 hideous. iarcomrac three Greig 2281.tanach. gres Wi. shout- gráinne 4896. RC.6. Trip. a Greic 353. dicitur.5 letter i. guthas wording. C. chiidren.5. Cf. Ed. •i- grannium 548 the iarcomarc bairdne 1588 n. 2511. 4627. super. 2378. tret- sillasbach grés a ii<ork. g.4. idad 1676. (l) multitude. Metr. p. : gossa 5314. iarcomarc n-imslan 2210.. 3. 5575>6 iarcomarc a concluding it'ord of a gramadach grammar. 1066. . 479: Wi.4. int ipin 4863 5525. 383 strength. 31 iarunn gruth curds. 18.tprogeny. 22o»4.^ 708 : graif. gruthlach smir guaili iron. (i) a gooseherry. service-tree. Cor.%\. i. grinne sair 2539. llar n. a word or verse containing trisyllahle. e a guta 1534. 1196. iaranV 4633 iascaireacht f. : (2) puddein 2762. iachtad m.ni sédh hi clann nó cenél. in graiph fil and is ondi is grauis.s. Col. : H. of eó) •i- bradan.s.s. 3865. Laws : -i. 2716 . : lar Mac Nema.25. n. a haon a 3865. gramadaigh Jmteful. Cor. Wi. vocalisation 5276 gutta f. 4299 ifín m. ^. 1314. word of the poem 936. 5659. Lat. 2554. gour- maulo 4077. coal. g. 4100. amal bis graif iachlinn 4093. band. 5633. gutai . 625« cheese. n-iargcomarc 3539 grinne a bundle.e. . : Beath. 2311. piscina 1092. piercing 122%. tit iarcuibdius an end rhyme 3841 iarmtoerla (i) unaccented words i. pin.22.5611. ing\i. plurality : (2) plural number. oenicc 2083.s. grus curds.3. 7>. 1304. a n-illar 1530.7. 4642 : Norse name a (Jnsuld). amal i.(i)a. Gor. 4465 1953. 239 afish-pool. (i) at'owí/358. iarndeo. 90 grúig -i.s. i. povjer. •i- 2261. 2459.s. yew wood worh 5804.s. graini in g£e 1706. (2) the speech of guth gruice cruth mbrege Cor. 4019.342 graif fl GLOSSARIAL INDEX grave accetit. 5658 gúal Wi. ibor 4248. 4786. 213*2 iach (g. gaeth guibelta. idhedh 2796. a gooseherry bush 5666. 267 a cryptic speech 13 14. sair 5631. letter i. d' iarcomruc 1936. 1214. race III2. do ibar 5523.33. 54. 5593. (i) an island^T^i.79. n. 22o*'8.p. P. Lat. : 1419. 4620. 4299. 2797. O'C. X082. 7rl. Greeh tongue. country 5328 34 ibor a yew. ida 1386 one : (2) a letter.e. eter a point. g. Col. Gl.

12. question 1247. 4644 imairechtu a mutual sufficiency. a sameness. w/ien.s. f. áo ernailibh in imchomairc 1893. Lat. 1724. g. is i.s. business. part. (i) a meaning 742. encompass. innleas 1513. 5718 or re 5696. Wi. no in imrind bera ím hutter. 3710 privative im . Sg.s. § 683 imthormalgim / rel. imaric 622 as 1968. 3 inf. an indaithmige sin 3542.9.6. 1773. imrind mutual point. nir imatormaig 4549. greeting. v. 123. cenel ind imfrecrai 924. mtduai/y r/iyming. imagallaim a conversation.7. suit. innid in w/tic/t is. explanation. imchisin i Cf. s. observ- 1975' 2003 imchomarc enquiring m. 673. man\\ il-foclaig many-ií'Orded ISS^i impsoud 4^8 im-raet a (imb-sóim) a turning about. i. 32. immairigh 526. 821. 6074. Imfreccra mutual corresponding. bo himaireachtain 2968 imraet Laws imbert tion. (2) ingressive case. 1232 E.«««/«/('«/. (im)degal. Gr. ati amplifying. 1884.5. 169 indell a yo/ting. imdaingen very strong.s. 2403 (2) an : ac ferjib(?) 1531. Ped. etargoiri in incoisc 641. 1519. indlius ar imdích 5333 u llandegail 2042 inf. cúrresponding. Laws . tre il-ghnuiseach many-/aced 811 illalt an eaglet (. se himcomairsnig airme imcubaid i. ig incosc 1 563181 ise int inchosc I9o5. imcomairsnech 3041 mutual/y neig/ihourfy. 3 . c/ioice 498 inannus 3964. impúth csl. beginning : indiles 764. Laws barbar- indles an tmproper ismus. d. inne 331. Origg. 4 760. ceudpersa tri ilair 2675.82. 3822. Indid. Wi. 12: Thur. Indeóin an anvil 5728. imim 637 im-ad-cíu / consider^ 4359 4359. 343 meet. 1887 regular repetition 1934 circumdative case 1526. § 776 inappropriateness. 1891 indaithmech do reir after. do imcisin 2901. salutation 5228. Lec. hilar 2058. (i) a meaning.8.') anastrop/ie 510. prepara- method. il-nat ilug"ad. imuca mutua/ c/ioice. isna foclaib in imfreccrai 958. Tbc. inni 831. pres. met/iod illugud labartha 630. int imcomurc 1248. a playing. signification. ar ilar il- ndan 2159 immar Tbc. since 5121. imfhrecra i. Ériu I. diubartach /. ernail an anaiysis. for im- chomarc 1894 . 1520. na Da Thuar 1328. d.ahincosc 3977: (2) accusative case 799.6.o' 492 inutacht 1725.6 immaircideyí//'/«. imdangen imdeiligim / divide. imdrichaur 3931. hilugud 634. 1881. 2757. 3932 a indische speec/i-way 572 in-diupartach fraudu/ent. (imb-di-fich) I protect. ni bia int 3564. 5332: (3) anah'sis. . indilsi imdheilighter 996 imdíchim pres. 2729: (2) quaiity 673. use. 4363. s. rusc immi 636 .4. 5718 imcholmét i>'g a mutual guarding. im seachta 3713. imdrengar g« 991. : O'Mulc. a corresponding. triana n-inde taithmeach 1319. parsing. climb. Wi. comardad 3824 5125 distinguis/i. fri imm-air-iccim / pres. 2680. is i in indi 674. 3 s. nec. 749 indotacht m. multiplying. iarsin no imirt inchosc m. fit. denotation of gender and person. (i) an entrance. invention. (l) a question.drengaim / round ahout. 1642.GLOSSARIAL INDEX g. practice. a n ilar 2671. triana n-indaithmech 4637 inde f. 120. indilse Hdb/c. identity 1015. m. increase. 1652. common rhyme termination. n-i. imcesta imsechfaid a imthimchell 1653. imdreangair crand 949.

3257. Ir. RC. 5079. his cf. láiches f. In-gra •i> XX. 449. derbad a intlechta 5471 . meni fhuilet 2198 insnitheach. Forfacaib Cú dinisc donn. 4425 e in I. 1908 (2) speech.1. snithe. Ascoli cccclx. 4415 inrocomraircnigsiomairne the longv. a.5. ingrar unjilial. i. g.6. las : lanchubaid 3963 (2) perfect rhyme. lánamanda.p. 8 at the end of quatrain 3840. a couple.can dichned can dochned 5073. 714. medial and p 1369.s. mac ionghar nach bhfoghann da senoir do réir a dhualgais an unfilial son that is 4132 láirce lórchaine. 5718.9. Ériu to vii. 1809. research. Triads. gl. 740. gan lachta 4543. T. full po^ver (pr tone') 1363. 840. 9. lánamain couple.-. 43137. cumaisci 1589 ordinal speech indsce ofa mod narration mode. lorga fuach. cf. Wi. 1845. 596. Laws (l) a couplet rhyme 929 est bas.3. 543.8. due. lacht imon 5623 milk. a. 3023. giUa gusmar gann. 1908. Thc. a lay-woman. 3024. 5076. e. saerlaid tri coecat nglonn. is coimetas in lacht indsce airme 4906 1580. deimi 1949. 1994. 4654. father according 159. inteach Wi. iii. 'L^X. q.s. ac ithi a chno 1 4280 g.s. iphi 1541. indlius ind indsge isa -whose is. 1690.s.9. (2) the Ogham long i.344 indsce m. ofwhich it is. 235. 20: Ir. 144. 130. int ipin the 4863 (l) a gooseberry \l<yj. cf. laichesa 6150. is i laid laid 2194. labrad m. n. do muitibh na Laitne 3016 ingor. 565. 2909 1579. 5459 . ben a lan a lan 1867. 1810.g. 3070. innunn to thiiher.58. innsci 520. lán {l') full. anund 1585 inrathaiste to be perceived 1352.v. 4551.6. weakness 1455.3. Metr. 1535. §10 Ogham diphthong io. : O'Dav. 45^8 . Ised 1581. 4304. a speahing. intech a inntech ií>ay. 839. heroine. luigtech angar •!.7. 1817. a. a metre proper in a doss mag. 1436 .s. interecht 2669 intshliucht. a narration 572 that side. 3066. 1692. weak 4135. 3694. lacht . Cor. Latin. 565. 3023. 1294. láld in sithbi sithlas f. ut 1014.7.4 570. 521. invention. i lánchumang is m. 3672. lairge gl.p. : /. in simple vowels 1201. 2910.4. tht Latin language. of no service to : to his no lourgaidhe 4879. 550. infillited 6060.s. 1675. Wi..9. 3074.(2) afitll. O'R. 194 829. .7.s. neuter n. 3024. impious 4036. iphín m. interiacht an ititerjection 321. .8. leigind lanamnai 1853. Latinist. intliucht m. cumascda 1715. iii. laechesa lachu itíord in the Eg— Ric Ric Ric in in quatrain 1949. baninnsci 5193 ithe an eating. 521. 1102 láarg f. a pbiral for a singular A. speech.31. gl. innisiu f.s. I. 1908. 595... est word in Gaelic 4523. arolagat4i35 laigtech weakly. correlated pair 1812. 543.31. 521. repetition Wi.furca. isa oen 715. 1946. : comet lachta i 5622. canal 5837. doni I16 . 1578. tria intliucht lán-chuibdius a rhyme the 2015 couplets in a . 550. ferinnsci GLOSSARIAL INDEX (l) gender. 597. 840. a inund lasin L.6. lad a mill lead.5. n. amal intech legend 361. mna nem f. T. sense. 543. in laiget smallness. dam 2030. Laitneóir m. 5406 lánamnaide a couple. comroircnigiur 2090. 1876. Laitin f. 530. 839 a.2. lanamna deme in 2739 . a duck 5693. 2160. pair.5. a lan 1839. 183. 1758. demhinsce labartha 1952 g.

g. dis- lethar Wi. 3746. cenn o lochaibh 5283. charge. 4920 log decay leather. dul i llocc 822. leótha cend 5262. roleasoig 2288 lestar m. pleasure.7 lid líg beautv. a physician. rel. ndeighenach 4662 \\ lí n. 4249. 2917 lÁ. anni molus 3308. léne a smock.5. O'R. 1298 in 1. a galherer 2285 lóir diligent 55. geimlech. locality 1029. RC. litirdeacht f. 18. doleasaig 2634. gnathlessa leass 2721 2246.1. untying. g. is lia-te more 635 liaier m. 1146 leód ST.f.70. 962. a Cf. léss m. rosauoigh lar co haireill 4900. •!• solas no soillsi. nislen 5252 5806 pret. need. Uath 4288. 5561. lessu 5090. 3 pres. 959.6. g. grey 5698. g. O'Dav.s. beauty. Wi. 2343. provide for. loch hero. 3 s. íria leassa 2254. a a. O'D. 2706.p. na leathghuta 461. 1197 in : •!• maise. xx. Wi.5. luth.9 lethcuibdius an internal half-rhyme 3839 : lánrélm (i) a full declension 796 (2) lethgutta a semivoTvel. Tbc. 669. I197 suad 4659.p. n-aimbi lebhurda 66 f. 1073. deirig 3946. 5619. 2232. li sula 4263.s. n. l'ian. O'Cl. li a leclo II delight.luachair I157. g. 1207 m. 3. a ceirtleath 1449. danu fair 331 li \\ crotha 5662. lethguttai full or perfect alliteration of the last two words ofthe line 3743. 5*10 legulus m.5. lecla rushes '\. leacc 1358. 1060. 1191. leoaid 1582 . rohath 2070 leithi . Din. ainm lenim lige a lying down. Wi. ni loch í5/í7<-/f 5669 (?) . loiligheach. 3 s. 345 a half-power in senii- lethchumangr vowe/s 1207. . Hterature 55. Latindacht Latinity 355 lébxLTÚBi pertaining to boois. leóad g. a stone. 5535. O'CI. Lat.4. Din. rosaig Cf. 626» liquidising 2835. CC. Wi. 11 good. a. na leathgutai 479. litir f. liess lulgach.1. d.s. colour.7 . Wi.s. 445. accuse. so/ving. a nessel.g. logh loosing. 2242. li 4252. Gr. Lec. a letter.s. 2904. lec ambi II 70. 2222. lenum 5776 . 416 lár the ground.geimlec'h /ull-fettei-ed 802.1 GLOSSARIAL INDEX lánfogur a full totie 343.n. bail ná ró lar ind airíall lethrand toisich 17 10.f. n. H. p. to. lestair 5623 leth a half ni certleath not an exact half 1728. frisin lessai£rim / attend studv. lia more. l2lo. CC. 2343 litterda consisting of letters. m. pres. 513.p. leni 6033 O'Dav. li li legtachad m. loichi 5671. e. leamnacht lenaim / follow. 2095. less 5125. maith 3312 il do lechdagaib. 5561 . 2696. for XÍTíflax 297 lín m. lighi •i^ dath. oen leas fria fria 2250. do loch •i^ do loech.3. cf. fidh airedha in lethraind 7 do choss lár. 151 less m. a milch cow 5760. a light. -i. 5195 lem an elm II 54. colotir.82. sue. lethor 5004.p. a couplet. pret. cethrar : : : 3385 lil^rach f.p. a number 943. 5308 locc a place. comcengal Iitrioch gnathlessaib 2226. g. 5775 leóalm / wound. literary 395. 450. half of a quatrain. gnathless 2238. 2790.s. .fortress. Sg. chiid. certleth Cor. 5925. compar. iar n-urd f. g.p. 5540. 3 inf. 5172 líth activity 1815. 4318. luth lega d.s. 5672. adhere to. inna 1593 s.s.25. fi les 1421. a. 454. fo 6044. cosin 1. leclaidhe "i- luachair.4.s. of the many. líim / s. laisna legaib Laws lemnacht sweet milk. 4287. less advantage. 1157. O'Dav. : Laws .

/v/. losc lame. cf. two unaccented short syUables betueen alliterating words 1591 . 4672. lús f. herb. O'Dav. a maiden. luad expression 5612 maccu luam m.pilotage 5798 lúan (i) moon : Nois 5706 cf.1 g. taste. 1811 . : •i- bacach. macdachta Wi. ÍHgd^'j.6. diaeresis by (a) lurganda long shanhed 1227.4478 adj.i.s. Wi.feeb/e. lorga dialta 2154. 3268 maithchnechas 611. ur-. the poet a. O'Dav. Thur. dorat beim don luinn •{• cloideb Conchobair.g. 2099. lusogam g.: 346 loman lons lonn ff. 5154. PH.7 benine 1844. londy?i?/-í:í. Cluain .p. ba/d. Hdb. 2140. Tbc. 1195 luss m. hexasyllable 428. e. firin . máidthe be praised. : 5620. sonorous 467.finger.s. toe. im ba seng 5355 macdacht 5721. 1955. 5936. n. to maitha 467 in. imon lurgain 5780. p. 121 7. : 5149. activity. power. 5495. Ir. a sword. bold 5359 aship. (i) a diminishifig.p. maidnech. 5561. hirga f. . ainm 5807 . Cnamine Wi. maccu. Ed. hair/ess supl. maitnechtaige. 112 the sixth luaidim I speak. aur-.9. firini 1796. shatti. 1424.p. 327 cf. legha 1310. Lec. lessenwel/. m. bech 5624 f. a metrical foot or a ghlaodh Re/iq. elm. luithguith 452. verse having seven svllables. 4537 1945. lossa (2) lorga fuach staves of words. 4989. n. 2245 . 5080. beinin 5028 5327. 1946. 2094. 1995. a pi/ot 868.s. fearr.6. 5513. f. g/orified luib f. 3533 machtad 5577. . in 1. 5351. Oenu (maccu Laigsi) machad some kind of agricultural in- (2) Monday. 1849. Damine 5329 a plant. 2152.^ luamnacht í. m. f.s. a plant.p. 5003. maelsem. mention. mactad teit 5575. secip nach losa 5808 viii . luisiua/rtwc. 2137. IS9 f. 4625. leg. handle. luibib máeth de/icate.p. nob/e. Din. cona luis 206 1. loscogam 5771. n.blais. 1981. 1692. for losaiph 2833. II. 5535. n.s.s. good taste.o -icantheand 1165. an enc/osed p/ace.14. n. herb.4999 a retarding. /ord. Wi.^. 1. I. n. fearrson 645. Songs ofSummer mallrugrud m. an eyebrow. £ug in íossa 5572. tar dun mal 287 note. ofthe hittdred or race which follows. GLOSSARIAL INDEX a rope^ cord 5725. e. ghuithbhinn ii. Jm ba sessach. in luipencoussach maigin 6004. 1870. luithi gen bailbe : mala 5387 n. . 5069. a de/icate comp/exion maothcnesach 3090 contentiousness maitnechas taidiuir -i- 610. luibne a digit. malu 1813. 1991. T. mál luitguth 2914. 6004. Ce/t. mhaoidhte. lorc. cona luibnibh Laws good. inf.p. n. 4251. diimb. magnificent. longa 5119 . lugugud ni § ma 383 ST. Wi. shinhone. lorg (i) a staff. 1606. [i959d. 22 Lec. doomsday (the Celtic world ends on a Sunday) machdad madmáel strument 5727 wonder. fidlosa 5493. 659: (2) a diminutive 1868. iar- rem-Ionn 1703. 4719. Prol. sanctuary 3713. lurgu a. mail 5229. Wi. 4479 luis a hand •1« lám 4474. cen cen bailbe) 299 note. lúth strength. luis (i) the mountain-ash. a mhal to .p. du praiseworthy. luaidit 354 .g. prince. 5075.4699. 1185 lúith stammeting. •i.1. g. lanamain na lurgan 1815. 5326. moccu a genitive. 1424. . luibenchosach m. m. 942 a blade. lemh (2) the Ogham letter 1 5535. 30 : cf. 1595. sal. 1594: fedha 1151.p. gen loith. : maith compar. 2166. Wi. d. maignech Wi. Lec.s. a poet of iii. 2121. loti (-i•i- Fel. Metr. mac fuirmid rank 2248.

6 . a noble. mintu. size.9 millse sweetness. the viord.p. ii. 1493. been 1841 . 24. anamplifying 102 1. happy one ! Cf. : 542. . destrtiction chen gach fer. sage. a soldiering 5801 marbhán marb-usce n corpse 3187. romannair 546.p. 421. ice 4289. 646. 18. a T. § 8 : Fei:^ p. s. Wi. mifothai e. comp. equates fearchu li'erewolf with Molossus. 3 n. moríhesser II 39. megill. Ir.g. miodach : a phvsician. AisL mélachtnalgim / disgrace. pres. 4396 mascul 7iiasculine 620. menntan 3172. pret. meodontacht /r. g. persons. mera 5780. for mila muige hares milaideacht milis sweet. O'Br. deed. miruine ontaig 4424. mórad place. ghean-ar an bfhear. Acall. millsi 1853 min meal. medontach 1 a medial position. bai 1350."^ 1356 O'Br. mais 2536. mell xxvi. 4645 monar 2165. cf. mannraim / destroy. hound 5743 n.6. 347 n. borti. 5693.8. diúite mides 408. a diadem 4395. n. a s. nem. Brigit. mo chean well he s.fine 1294. handsome. 5744 milchu greya. masgal 3024. Tog. morad run 5643 mór-mór very great. masculini masculine 606. originall^ 3 pret. 113 O'D.s. fo 369. mómó. neem 1859 malot fir]\áT7]s n shepherd (?) 2284 mandraim. stagnant luater. iii. : RC. 466 f. fo medhf. mín smooth. . v.^ 1 666 compar.s. aenmer 0'Molloy. niab introducing a letter into mí-fotha a badfoundation. m. Ivi. 1220 f. a n-as modhe An. 658 a magni/ying. 4629. mass stately. 4307 v.3 GLOSSARIAL LNDEX 5303 5301 . n. Snpp. in monor 2093. 20 1913. confused with toe. •\- xiv. 10 n. mais 2537. mórshesser m. momo 1461. Molossian hounds Cf. n-us moam moie de 4497 1456. moth4558 Molossis in Epirus 17 50. Wi. millsiu feraib 5557. . meit 5383 ar meid ata do iii.p. non-simplicity midiur / judge. a . : the place or tribal tlie name seems . § 215 : O'Mulc. . Din. T. .gnim O'Mulc. 2167. 5304. ben. T. mér m. 3568 muad mual ueighing-beam a mill •{• -x- med 5453 romesadh 931 mulenn 5442 Z . moó. méigiollach. O'R. co ro-melachtnaigem 141. raeighleach méidhleach : bleating : 540. 467 fer. mad mod -worh 546 'i.s. 4395 mind n. Gr. a u'ork. n. .p. iii. 9 met u<eak is is luigtech in dobriathar for so the adverb 4131 mon a írick. 1306. uasal no súi.9. midiu 5926 on morshesiur mí-diúite 410 . mét. T. minn m. 128 z. Tr.5. morudh 3976.p. míl an animal. 3 Wi. a finger. mintán m. ruin. : (b) nobiad 5299.5. subj. 66''I4. medicus. mascol 603 Sg. cinim.4. mi-alt a bad bad position. increasing Wi. 4639 gender 522. moam 4571. everything male láfol. Romain Anec. a .s. 1458. 3082. T. e. 18 ivy •i- gort 5641. f. 1 1 f. 1467.269: Origg. ill-intent. Wi. m. TP. métu£rud m. méit 673. co na ma mi-ait lapartha 2978 midach Lat. iii. 2793. 1 24 3170. 1502.7 f. arba corn meal 1294. etiud midach 5584. Co'. m. mo mo melacht. estimate. a titmouse 3226. 14. O'Dav. millsi 5559 sup. mednerc 41.feaí cleas 1331. 122. Tr. 2430. milsim feda 5608. feer 1794.p. 5783 n. beast. : 258. 2450. RC. g. i p. mirr myrrh xii. is medonda. minna mind -v 5711. PH. greatness. Hail Molossus 4939 . gl. seven is Cóir midiu a vine. for marb- usce 1321. muin •!• midiu 5521. 4. 1236.g. /r. . 2614. mí-rún iU-will. 118.

Meir. neóit fight. 6''5. 66*20. f. Thc. cend a muine 5810.7.s. power. a ship náoi •i^ •i- 5821. noaid 1581. ^''^i thitigs. 5790 : adj. 18.: 348 GLOSSARIAL INDEX f. Sg. noaim / renew.s. a spear.s. (i) the ash 1173. nobilitas 4217 neutur neuter gender 613. SPA.s. : RC. praise. Lec.. nenaid 5515. 5555 : nem-gnathach unusual 2381. 6134. 620. •\- vigour. neoturda 1465. 3897.2982. viahe conspicuous. neimnech en- (i) tiahed. nemli lais it (2) the Ogham letter m has no colour 1171 5491 fri .93. 969 4442. 1235: Cor. néit.g. xxvi. wound . niaba. Sg. H. Wi. $''4. argair 5230 a stiipe. W. 14*2. nóie tiitie not f. Ir. : 148 néll m. muimech muin a nurse •!• nutrix 1909. noe 1610. haci:. 2931. S 882 strength of a vowel in a syllable 3893. 4790 : a. 17''* 3 níab náe. cia rodlig co fil nocht and 5232. 4283. : duine. Ed.. not tinfidh nemfh fhuil itig I illed tton-adding 1570.. Cor.7. nem- 4548. 18 fir . f. nóe. uisgi neam usce ball fearrdha a wave. a bush.4. is bhuimeach 1911 (i) a vine 1186. fo 1399. iii. do beith xAAsa 2837. 5626: (2) the Oghatti letter n 815. is e in nath 839. vivacitv 5301. nda nocht 5222. neimnigim. u u náede nasc a nitie things 1022. muirne 1306. nóescu CC. a miite consonant^ n.10. i 1295.2. niona 2793. a dignitarv^privilegedperson^ isna breathaibh nemedh 1298. (3) any 1171. 8 604. O'R. neamgnathugudh ivatit of use 602. hilation 769. 15. 4.7 mút m. glan 5698. 5495. 4380 nemnifTud m. muirenn Lat. Wi. keep.p. e. nenaid nert O'Dav. a 5395. dar mo 1561. g. 976. nendait 5926. noit 768. Neit god' of hattle rhyttte.. xx.p. RC. ^''i^. 4269. Wi. (i) the metre proper to an ansruth 829. 1917^ neudarda 1488. nath m. 2904. note. 18 r nim •{• in pres. acloud.6.'^ naescu 5693. noie 3977 niheha 1385. nem-fograigh . nathair f. d. dliged nihelsa. muiti 467. tnarh. ii*i. muine Laws neimtniugud 3561. neodur nemutur 3025 g. nae 4686. H. 4653. nue 1609. an annihilating. nem- un. Wi. nwyf niabthach. 513. 3901. 1578. 3 nialus -'x- nin ainm da cach uili aisti. Sg. nemfurail iion-orerfiowsoutidtess 474. hare. nod 1231.pure 1286 O'Dav. muitti 451. Wi.. g.s. Cor. nihilus nialííz a tiullifyitig.4548. .. n. nói.(denoting negation). tond 2791. iiid 816 . 3690 (2) any metre : 978. 1695. a noie 3977 n. Sg. 970. 4. . 1287.. I. Wi. nem1466. O'Dav. 76. nin neamh im 4403. O'CI. saididh nell 429T. 1580. 1503. . § 8 long. in muite 447. H. letter 4267. a 3561. na muiii 2907. 2. 1572: . nái a inan 1609. náiscu» 986 naosca Din.^ nettles 5516. neodair 1913 adj. 4. muin 5556. 1336: 18 nóadh -i- necht clear. nocht 1301. muirni 4629. coimhéd. a beith ranocht : neim poison nem 2070 (2) an ititernal assonance or venomed 801. 3 s. nemed m. dar mo littre. O'Mulc. not inchoisc. H. mutti 446. cenith mút. mút si. fo nihilus ring 5725. nó f. 33 •iainm coitcheann don uile aisde éigsib. Fel? 2791. atitii- muine 5672 muin neck. 965. for muin 549. na nota áram.40. battle. cen nocht 5226. neuter eco=rda impersonal. 19 tiullity. T. is nertmairecht Lat. 1560. a serpent nau. 4. nai 4687. : fortitudo 4213. arthaidbsin nihelsa.4.7. 1948.p. 106. : imniabthaig.

Names of the Various AlphaBETS : to assist : Origg. aradach Finn 5830 arm 5896 bac 6088 bas 5789 biad 5805 Laws •\- : Felí' : -i- bo 5759 brec mor 6010 ó m. g. 1483. of cend ar nuaill gul. aiged 5300. oudh 4577. Wi. T. 4573>83. music 1470. w. the poetry . brecor beo 6055 4649 fri LL. rolad 5944.s. v.. lueeping. ogham. an oghamist v. ogum n- do foraicmib 7 deachaib 591 airismech 5815.— 1 GLOSSARIAL INDEX notaireacht a text i. O'R.fid n. O'Cl. odh 1273. Cf. an ear smit ai (?) cluas 1228. od m. P-gipta 6145 airenach ^^97 ar a mbi aen 5872 ebadach llaind 5853. od saethaig. saothaid 4307. shout. oig mammiz (?).p. Gild. re hochta romesc Bres 5943 briatharogam Mic ind Oig 5615 briatharogam Moraind mic Mhain 5528 Briccrenn 5854 buaidir foranna 5986 caechan 5767 céall 5702 ceand a muine 5810 ceand ar nuaiU 5964 ceand debtha 6058 ceand fo muine 5817 ceand imreasan 6056 cethardruimnech Cruteni 5839 3977 ochtach 4294 'L^X. Wi. Lor. marking reading 5798. óegi m. iii. /. ii. f. Lec.3.s. cethrur 5975 coll ar guta 6049 con 5740 odhar óg f. proclarnation incapacity. f.4. sechta ochta 932. fógmaracht f a hai-vest. not an exact half \']2%. •{• coniinutd. 4920. ocian ocean 5353. TP. 2 cf. Ir. 6066 en 5692 Erimoin 6084 fege Find ^^\oZ Feniusa 6069 fiaclacb Find 6093 fiar 6126 focosach 6062 . oig 7 glun 5033. . 362 an octad 2234. habies. ochta 1022. eight persons. fogiharac. Wi. ing 5803. O'R. 45. •\- pinus. oud 1476. Anec. 187 a an 2 ochta in eight things. certleth. a guest. Ogmolr m. coss 5779 crad cride ecis 5895 cuidechtach 6150 : cumusgda 601I daen 5709 dam 5750 dan 5797 dath 5697 Dedad 6057 dedenach 5958 didruim 6061 dinn 5687 huige. notire. proscription. cf cich 7 glun 1852Wi. n.s. 22. g s. 1457 : . na : : SPA. co cruind ochtga 5397. a scrat (?) odor-oscrach 5696. Morann óermoracht. 209 ógleth which the anrad shared with the ollam a virtual half. O'Cl. a pine-tree g. 66.5. . ogum n. ochtar m. du. f. leth. ailm 1194. 21^1^ nuall Tíarrior (fighting in a chariot) err 5443 núall a 5964. g^s. ogh •!• ceile. iii. 547 Ii4 ogam-sa inn oghaim 397 int eamn 'ch 5907 Names of the Various AlphaBETS :— accomaltach 5q03 ad'enfid 5876 aipgitir A'raicda 6148. og an egg. Wb. 96 M. 349 notarv wori. ra. octave^ g.

use. untrained. uille 3063 cpds. da reib 6033 linn 5680 loc 6092 Lochlannach 6155 leni Laws omna onn onn an oak. iar n-urd choir 564. i n-ord 3729 snimach 6085 ordan 5371. i method. a pig 5674. rohothratar.s. a lapdog.^. 906. rosn- (2) the Ogham othrastar 169. super/luus. 18 n. support.5. ba marb in t-orci. ollchathach ollforbthe 5318. v.aiten no uinius losc 5771 lus 5807 luth 5834 mac 5773 maignech 6004 5522: (2) the Ogham letter o 1194. c. 1309 ord m. n. muc 5939 noem 5791 nathair fri fraech 6087 nathair im ceann 5821 ór heath 5494. 5494 n. otha Liphe co ILetha 5237. do thaebhaib na n-omnadh 412. d. compar. iii. . Lat. dliged. nosn-othrustar 2475. imda ollamh 2129 2678. sub Mug-éme negladae 6063 os 5842 rig 5729 ord m.p. ord alrme m. oirci 5748. Wi. a n-uord . continued. 2230 adj. Tog. 1088. . sovereigntv. an evil^ wrong. foxul oxlald . a n-ait ind ollaman 2224. .2 sron 5786 suag 6149 oscarda rude. roi oiss 1320. •i- n-urd bairdni 1937. a hammer 5728. 5.T? 1258: 1775» ^* 5523 (3) a long vowel. Wi.3. 'i. rind íri derc 5994 roth 6099 run 5851 sesmach 6036 sluag 6021 snaithi O'Dav.s. fordunta 6086 fraech frithrosc 6008 ouU-ait (or 3 p.^ 1452. a n-ulcu 2008 othraim. T. custom. iiocho n-ord mear 2067. wrongdoing. . ofthefirst rauk.dair •i. g. 4. 4301. ollurgbail 5338 ollam m.— 350 GLOSSARIAL INDEX oll great. to (co).s. .crann.s. fi oumna 331 1. I447. taebogam Tlachtga 6080 tirda filideacht osgarda 2462. a feili ollaman righ ollamda 2202 omna a satire.p. dignitv. . otha in ainmniud n-uathaid . otait 1117 usceach 5732 olr (l) a spindle-tree diphthong ol. oumna 2853. (l) an ash^furze •\. 6127 tredruimnech 5835 tregdae 6090 trelurgach Find 5836 uird 5862 osogam 5842. Lavvs orce m.s. from ota 483. f-uilliu Names of the Various AlphaBETS : n-oll 5664 . 1367 olc (l) had : (2) m. uird airmi 1441.s. care for.9 . 5662. 9. onnaid wheels in carpait •!• na roith •!• onn 5578. rank. úr orc m. a chief imarbach 6017 ind co ind 6025 indiupartach 6074 insnitheach 6060 lad 5837 an ollave. a stone 554. Gall6i57 gleselgi 5877 gort fo lid 6044 Origg. 4492 comairme 3720. traig sruth Ferchertne 6103. roothratar. an ordinal number. a poet poetf g. from which is. unprofessional. H. n. g. orddan /v/. os a deer. of verb ollaini) 3680 . óthá. T} ablative case ozail.4 g. Cor. cubat uiliiu. Wi. : othrur / : iend. 'i- feorus II96. 5. 5724 oss.

of rear. n. randaigi 1453 patronomic 3395 penuilt Lat. 4923. O'Cl.9. n. 849 .GLOSSARIAL INDEX panaictti Lat. genilogia. i persainn 641. C. sis 4862.p. arnaib réib ilib. taebreim 867. in gres réimmaim / rhyme. 4735 réim remraithe (i) remraiti ajore- prim-thoirnde/). a rad n-ilair 1772. rerccuccain •i» Lónain 3464. 1031 g. pin •!• caor 4305 (2) the Ogham letter p. : BB. 788. is phrois 782 a.20 a participle 2668. chetpersu perso 651. tri phudra 2II1. pre-eminent 1000. n-olc .3. 736. ba 3944. 1951. d. 2797. n. 3593.7. prim-aiste a principal metre 1586. caera pinne gooseberries a little blachbird. d. 791.s. 5467. Book of rait bog-myrtle. 5525. Arch. Z. : patrene named : (2) iii. harm. prósta of prose 755) 1759. rergoccan 3111. 300 patronoimic a patrotiymic 3394. do fid for fid 784.3. prois . 4032 (i) a bard so Laws fern 1190. pine.8. raragain. Pandects (of iii. píon-chrann ata pin ar p 1365. 1589 791 iar . (2) infection. O'R. a radh n-uathaid. do . . 1920. his rsiith. tuissel on 2178 ainmnid g.2. Panechte. n. 706.p. (i) a course 780. 3510 fid prim- primary vowel 1431.P. na patreni 1928. recomhracach 1588.s. 4506. aenphudhair 2118 n. the dative case. for p. raid 11 57. P. luhile. ii pine iree. Min.11.9. 834. : rece 1920 recoriar&c m.9. O'C. 4761 d. 1721 primary . 718 n. prosa. 1642 alliteration remendaib 1721. réidhe i f. T. 4288. p. pudrach harmfiil.. . 795. do . cia hairm remrade ? 16. 692. blmidering.3 is : pronomen prós d. Lat. (2) rhyme ofvowels only (?) 3945.s. ina reim prois 144I.9. blunder. na baird 7 Wi. security 1583.2.17.8. pin no ifin 5666.s. 1418.p..7.-?'wa. 5608. ina ceilli xviii. riab cianaib persainni 641.s. 5638 : (2) the I184. a folloTvers or imitators (?). scheme.p. d.p.30 rand^abthach randgapál f. 149. d. pin (l) a rowan. poisit 694 prím.s. reim gach 739. 2040. reim na proisi 3632 intan 786. 805. Wb. gooseberry 5524. 3745 . 830. Jerome) 17 íhe 2416. gach lanphudair 2072 a.€va 4252. in Ixx. gliaphudair . de prois 759.2. dissyllable 12 14. primus.s. prim-thuisech chief ruler 11 28 said 1755.s. 1"^'™ g. rearrgugan 709. rath ré f. 1433. prose. infect. paenuitima. : prímda primary.63 (a) of letter by pudar nasin a mistahe. 3592. 1730 ritn. 989» n. esse remme 905 . na remend 1540.2 a participle 300.g. 5926. . rait Chronicles entitled rá irapa\enr6/j. 5553.s. 3667 n.s. in . CZ. 1536. declension. Hib.4. persu f.p. O'R. penultimate syUable 4102. a rath 1880 space. g. posit 687. prim-ellach recomarc 1240. letter. reidhe 3588. Wi. 999.pl.7'/>or/7o«j 1898. propn'um nomen the libri^ 351 5495. 1953. a person.Lat. 3742 {p)of tiL'O accentedwords enduig a verse. 1626.90.s.s. risin raith a surety. E. Laws randai£re a part. explanalion. orwith dialt etarleime or lorga fuach (?). 5554 Ogham letter q parabulamb Lat. a tri a reucomarc 3538 recomraig 1501 adj. . n. is as glephudrach 2048 reimmthar 3609 . gach reim slondud reimmi .2. 1675. 723. 5608. réimm a pronoun 320. la. 5519. e. reib 2452. plainness. cen phosit 730.1. a triple dim. combination 1686. a 1498. 719. 4874 principal. 1379.60: (3) 800. quert (i) an apple-tree 1185. Din. possit positive degree 643. 22*8 : persainn 1104 reargagán m.10. 79 consisting remim IS3S. f.3.

in cen rofot 2050.7 VBmM. 3614. 5132. riesiu tisad 2770. pres. d. Wi.8. Maro Ir. : ML du 6 ross. 4734 rócnat (f. 5128. a dispensing. n. ros coille 4637. rose. fact. Laws copse. thing. phps. uaimm remlud 1663 adversative case 1529. s. sub. front. rois coelli Wi. 4638. decline. fut. reuma/w 44 1 5. O'Cl. est quod et primarium nomen. roe roaitha. : cf. v. lengthening. : -i- sriab. isi in rlge a reign. fri realad Wi. /r. w. in tres fidh roth . Triads 143. a streak. ronnaireacht trihution 5801. . heaven. rigi 5418. an ciall rind 1423. 3857 W. rosa •i^ •!• rofheasa. precedetit. xii. cid siu 387 RC.s. 1941. : Laws 4378 roth m. 4499.\ LB. chosen 5332. plnin. oen dialt fri righe. rigi Med. iar ret 5474.p. an oversliort 1694. vii. Gl. : rofot m. vii. 443 doriagladh 1053 roscad a maxim. 27. rofat 2150. secip . 4676. iii. is •ií roidh f. root 5133. Aug. 2052. ríched riches 40"= 5. . deer. rogda rói f. relatmts^ reuliait in chiall relait 1098. 5476. ros usce 1321. regdar 1077. pass. trian roith Il8l. í proverb. T. pres.2.5 isin reimniugud 878.s. f. a remid do rind robad a waming. a 5602 rial) f.s. ic dathadh na Wi. 5354 1320." "in xxxiii. Fel. e. : 96 (l) a reisi iii.cend Tbc. 5144. ross 297. 2668 (3) an interposition 1595. e. 2153.-D. cia roich 4528. chorr cid reil nos-rel 541 inf.p.9i 5564. (i) a prepositioti (2) an anteposition 594 320. du. 2917 .) hefore. 11.. Tr.g. afield. n. an roíhat overlength. 1320. 'T. imma rind 5240. rosaig raeta 5577 . 220^8 cid ara remtet 5488 can rofota 5060. 3 s. V. 5138 rogair overshortness. rellugud fuit 4781. 'i' ros great hnowledge eolus 2685.i\ foregoing 1352.p. rémnlglm / inflect. 5123. resíu (conj. rass Cor. Gr. : rus roifios. g. 4 res hebrea litera est quae 4176. can rogair 5059. n. 2802. rét m. length. rass duckweed. do breith robaid Thc. y 48 w. dis- : : O'R. g. 5484. roichit extend. 29: 4638. » remnigther 792. a 4277 . fiiid 1552. 3 s. co roectar 4073 roscad a dithyramb 928. rochiur rochiguir 5378 -i. inf. rlge a stretching. "in the front drive.7. g. wheel.s. 1941. 27 tale (?) 1920." RC. 26. ríaglaim / ríagul a 3977. pass.352 rél(a)iin GLOSSARIAL INDEX / make clear. Lat. Triads I16 11^42. 141 voss flax-seed. duckmeat. ros 1322. termination. reib. pres. 3 p. g. 5124. res f. Ap. (reb^). remaind 2732. claen a relalt relative. a wood. 467 ro-saigim / reach. O'Dav. nad co g. aire remitet rem-tiagaim I precede. cia roaig 1454. 6124 23. Gl. in réis. res ergo hoc interpretatur caput.s. g. ros . da reib 6033. 3 s. an overlong. rset. remshuidigthi 1692. Ed. Wi. a locative use of the verbal noun rem-áin. righi 11 20 (2) metrics 55. rosouich 4529 3 p.) a small rook (?) 5695 ro-crinim / destroy. asretha rule. rand 21 21. . Felr: according to Meyer. followed by subj. rach rigi 4649. rós f. regulate. red dye plant (?) 1321. roi oiss very keen are the foremost rank. is Sg. 21. /v/. riab. rím rind (i) a numher : 2343 apoint. 12 rós a sug in rois 5645. 937 f. g. ross m. ^ •!• roi oiss 1319.s. rofhios. g. remshuidiugud : m.g. 4639. 2613 a live coal 5261. Ed. raidh 'l"' racas. 3 . riaghul rosga 2684.4. reó f. tnatter.s. y ressach or (2) res -i. stroke. sreathaibh roscaigh 337. cognate. riagail 1022. Din.

rt^í7/> 1230. company^ multitude. 837.s. tindi rucae 5572. 3673. : O'D. (i) 5624. 4654. 1373. pres.7. 1563. Jirhin. 25 . ruamna ruice sainemail 518. Cor. o" sa/twort. Í 10 saball 808 sacc 809 saltrad m. p/ace. g. leííer s 813 3668 5926. : 88 sai^d (i) a seehing. 1193. Laws 1178. 5570. ruidles m.3. sceu 4249. . Wi. o rus 5573. ruidlista specialised. prescription (2) too many rhymes •!• roimda cubaidh ann over much rhyme ihere. 1282. saithiu 274. iii. g. salcuibdis 3840.trom I193. sal-chulbdius m. 3 s. Wi. 380. distinguished tinnem rucca. 42 . invading. O'Dav. shaighius 2847. 29. sciath m. Wi.9: 5.s. 353 seek. Laws : heifer 5764. (0 an elder tree 5570.eb false. sáitheach sál f.f. segait neighbour's land. bumhaighthir 434. Wi. 2074. sge 4273.Laws 8á.GLOSSARIAL INDEX rúamna rudrach redness. 5647 (2) the Ogham letter v •\. luad 3535. rus 5647. 3935 samad sorrel 808. caesura r/iyme. weary. the wHIoti' II 54. littri. shame.3.p. 3 p. n.s. dia sathairnd inid . rest. 1345 . a. 'i' 571. 18: Crtt. O'C. ii'i//oii<hraie 5521. sedhait. scath : ring at the 121 heginning of poem /". Satarn mar Satharn .4. g. rudrach 5058. viís of the first and face. first accented word the //-.1. 3460. a. Metr. rúsc m. O'CI. ruided 5647. samaisc í. a dichned rú rá 5392. rel. : Fel? : saildrong a Cf. a sti'ann. mac fuirmid. 4. ruidljus 2763. particularised ruis 2650. pass^ sadha 5333. 5495. rudraighe 2144 ! cen rudraigh 1940.7. 4292 . sáerse Satharn Saturday.p. 4338. a bark. p. : saithe m. a treadingq\<^. (?) 5108. (i) a siaying long on a : ai saigius 2849 . ni ruidhilsi 935 sainredach pecu/iar. Wi. 4737. Ogham .83. (2) I170. 4540. iii. . innsce. is e a ruidhles . peculiar vse 420. sainemain m. (juietness. T. p/easure.s.s. sated 5932 4292 3rúii a hee/ 1283. 5645. 2989 especia//y good. 1578. 116 747. sáethach Wi. St. 5563.6 aiges 408. sáeb-suidiuerud 1936 a placing ivronglv sáme f. rudhrach. occur- scalp f. 32 3 s. tliird verses of the quatír. rán (ro-án) a very splendid secret. redness 5570. separat- compar. casc. 9 . hlush. g. ruidiud m. 1405. 20 : Meir. Wi. too 4292. sádud a samaigim I put. rain.1. a blush. sainiged m. Wi. 849. a shield. saethaig 5612. 2899.4. 2862 829. deceitful. 818. Wi. ai hJush 1193. the complete repetition at the end of a slanza in the hody of a poem of the 2201. g. hamper 637. Wi. a rhyme at the end 5727 rúss. saland 809. 2145 g. salannlus Hog.1 particular. 1935. n. 518 ni saeb lib 2065. p. X . saididh nell 4291 {i)fullapproach.6. ruidliusta 4935 f.9 sail f. P.s. iii. Wi. shame. a differentiating. saighith 221 1.1. 3^ delight 5172. scothegna liord-vcisdom 3138.p.s.4.~. Goid. Ir. 130. scé a white-thorn II 54. ruidlesta 1745. sairsi 5798 exhausted. saÍGrim / make for. oud saothaid 4307. thrusíing in. ing 1299 a in nietre proper to a sainemain ]r. rudrad. H. T. pres.9. Drong in place-names rulce f. 2047.. sue. 4249. 521 a handicraft. 2120 scoth a li'ord indsgi 2685. a three-year-o/d Wi.

iii.7. senim(?) 807.6. where Gsbaid H preceding 4330. story 553. anythÍHg valuahle.9. aspiration. serbe Eg. in sethrad 3673. 2877. sémigud m. secucht 4632. 1652. iii. sechidir he follows. seven things. barren. a smoothing.4 . O'R. wife : (2) T. companion. senada 6150 bittemess senshaill 807 3345. sechnait 4014 impf. a road. CC. no-sechantais 4407 . heptad 430. a vulture. na aipgitri a . shechemwood.354 screptra nailje f. D'«t3K' sen (shittim) the timber acacias. ancient history.7. sechise. dim. 4224: CC. for seis sétrad m.1771. : (2) possessive case looo. stable 6036. 3382. hardness 1313.9. sechmallalm neglect. (o). (i) « possessing 173 1. seimhirin. os 4537. shill. am devoid of seachmallas o dheilbh 473. : super. fuirmid 829. 25 : sduidir Lat. seissiur sechtmain Séda ség six a week. 5601 . a reslraining. roseichiustar 2959. seichim m. g. sechda 3977 f. I distinguishf-om (do). 1778. Fei:- sesc diy. (i) like. 3 s.-. 1676. segsa (?) 5317 3 p. a metre proper to a mac iar fofis sofis 479. Arms. way. lenition Laws : cf. 44 senchas m. 917. pres. 2948.yfenchas 5386. a cendfochrus tuis. seut •i. ni tsechmallus o deilph 2939 Hog. 738.i' maine 749. 4300. a hexad. / 3489 serind/. raith air set 1583 seoto 5892. séig f. seg-nat chattel. •i- hnowledge. shittim-wood 298. sedhai 3976 a deer segh re -i. /. 4924 : secdacht f. : follower. Wi. seithir. fri seit 429. 5513 sét m.. cona /. seuchim : 1272. sechmall (i) an omission : (2) neg/ective senod serbiu serbi a synod. pres. sétim I blow. treasure.5. a fiarses troop.9. seeit 1292. 414 Tbc. 102 1.2. 1536. Laws sesser m. 3422 studére^ for tosach a sétci. do hurmor na na sgrephtra ag séitig f. stuidéar m. Gesenius. CC.7. SR. dep. Anec. : 0/ which NoaVs ark was made. 2638. 5360 741.1. 3 s. . sduidir 4054. 4978. 4322.7 things sét m. sechmatu /«5. Din. Aisl.8.5. secha 5175. 2233. segh 5693.-z>«/wí 8o5. ser[t]sit 5316. eechta 932. siniu fedhaib 5593. n. 1517. strong 939. selbad m. saer 5314. sét 4303.'. tseitchib iii. Metr. Dict. gen. 3 p. 828. a. sesmach sessach steadfast. senim feda. case 1521. 3518. 4. 1883. sét séis a hand.s. 20. the its Ogham consonant H + B = Ph sechem 2610. bedding. 4393 3 p. 1264. I. sioneim compar. O'Dav. do sealbhadh 1671 fechad.2.8. rosechastar 506. forportaib sesga 1592. perf. 26. CC.lepaid 4391. seabhac. setrud 1578. 116 . 5356. Wi. reir sgreaphtra 2640. 4654. cheching.* 2369 sechnaim Iseparate. 2974. for set conar 1293.. 838.y\\ la na seacht- Wi. T. 3496. la seise 5087. 3 pl- pret. sechtu looi. six persons. seotu 5088 sét a bed. 1338. 1892 . Laws sechad m.6. sedradh 1583. 1271. old. 3532. sése. inna selbad . xxvi.8. Wi. 18 : •{• sona 2217. H. séis learning. ma seitche dligidh.s. 2874.s. Cor. a. I598> steadfast. a studying. g. hawk. Wi. trichait sed 1227 . seser 2237. GLOSSARIAL INDEX Scripture^ g. 1. i8?o. T'íÍí:. ni iarsinni sertim sert (?) / strengthen. fri 760. sessed one-sixth 1448. sed raid 1583.p. : Laws § 43 : RC.6.p.43» d.3 of an initial consonant.p.31.p.

s.s. inf. n. 5597. 2821 Sínim / streich.8. 43 I. treshlicht 1208. soom 25. 32.8.. in toiseach 2370 . sníthe iwisting 6085. a sith 2805. síde the fairies. g. a fire. Wi. snámcham. 4645 of ear 1333. g. tretsiilsebach 3865. 4677.s. siniud to the li'ord na haimsire 1564. 391 : sílad m. tvjig. Lat. 595. so-fer 1797. a tracÁ-. sód a turning 1273. Z? 981* g. reinforcements.p.8. 2083. extend.fau-ylan(í. 2134. snímach spinning. i son a word. GLOSSARIAL INDEX sian Bléihi /oxg/m'e 806 sí6. xix. 4517 s. int younger.4 . n. a natning. patroHxmic. sósar na shillab thoisenach 92 a. . Wi.94. i 355 sid 5487 snac 807 snáithe snaithi a thread. Fian. sillabacda consisting of syllables. sirslata soirche name of hright : 5087. íwisted. Din. in tillab SO.s. sserda : O'D. 91. 2839 goar -i. CC. frecrai for son ceneoil ind im- Meír. deilidi s. 691. só : int shillab dedenach . O'CI. lahic 5312 sillaebach having syllahles^ syllahic. sigilla. : cf. sircumplex 4417. compression Lec. íheda snámchar fer. 14. a sowing^ na clann 5653 silad clann 5652.980-' 2155.s. Gl. so an ennobling. MR. solustur so/is brightness. smit lohe smit forrach 1328. 3 sóerugud m. Z.s. lengihen. sillab m. Origg. deisillaebach 4880. goour.g. 3571. sunn 5478 g. so-milis siceet. saorda 2816. forin son 436.-. 18 a p/ant(?) 806 sliasat a slice 808 thigh. shillaib toisich 91. in úWab Xoxseach : 2366 (2) int f. 5486 sigla signs^ abbreviations 5918. re- a p. Wi. n.4 792. a syllable (i) m. solus slicht is is r. somillsi 73I1 3345aquae sive salsae sint sive dulces. a j-od. s.9.95. so beun 5028. frie sloindedh 2832 smér m. Laws sóerda artificial. n.n. f. do soun 4697. 2096.31. sinter 4707 . socht silence 2081.t 4221 stem. smetrach (?) -i- a compressing. so-dath finely coloured a. 1420 n.du. so-ben 1845. Tbc. smitai (?) 4649 : v. •!• solasda. cf. suin 786. isin quichiess bliasait 609.7. aontsiliaopach 3827.s- somaine 4661. Laws profit 4316 a delidin litterda. Lat. solus Fenichus isin Breatnais 633. sóam 5698. 4919. siJlab deighinach 2369. dia solam solma solus no quick. Wi. 1980. ria . a sidhaip 2804. 48. -i- soillsi. 4328 sod a "weir. snaithe 809. Cor. 4989. silochta 5310 slisiu 808 slondud m. 924. 396. g. ó. /. a tabairt do'n 2946. 2888. ceithir somáin wea/th.s. iar . PH.s. d.. in da shillab 88. tsliocht ire .p. 609 . Tr. 2793 CC. xiii. 6104. cia son ger 253.15.du. 4787.laudatory prefix. na 141 8 syl- sochraide sources. sudden 2081. a prefixing 1868. slíasat. 6106. sund 5473 a. soud 5734. Anec. pres. 1946. so-bard a noble bard 1996. 5076. fresh. di shillaib MR. 58. griansolustur lux tslicht ^2ig. 4517. 1692. 20: t-sosar. 4646. compar. e. /F.7. n.p.6. n. f. isin mBretnus 3208. so- bard 1996 si^hchaln slat f.7.s. d. division. H. 5045. son a sound. O'D. 4. pass. úWaib 366. so-s:hIuag a goodly host 5333 youngest 2309. 2929.s. /«.\7!Í) 1728.3. sillaoba 2745. solus. bright. : 5088. Origg.p. sliachta (s = sail = slia 4320. help. . plailed 809. snámach. 83 : goor gach descendants. half of i\\-&-Qh. surname. 910. iii. version. d.s. 15 mac. smir guailí 5633. 1581 . I 6085 snámchain fair swimming. 4795 sircumflex a circmnflex.

2. taebchubaid í/í/í or end rhyme (i) 14 f. sug Wi. light f.p. 115: 1491: /r. lossa 5572. 3194. sup. imon taebchuibdius m. /En. 4290. tachraid 1939 . suidim I sit. mean. 30. a n s. ní súail 5366 suath(a)im / 2440. strathar 5725. (2) in prose. Origg. : (l) in ^oeiry. sage. 3743. 2l8o. no ispin (2) gooseberry. 5152.5. 508. is surrounds. handy. lán a srebuinn. .8 saithe n. deerstalking (?) tacmains O'Cl . 3255. 3 s. Wi. súaillT^w.p. is i the ttí'o 3963 end rhyines srorca. Three Med. 5602. solrthe g.8. GLOSSARIAL INDEX ready.4 Din. i taiblibh 44. 467 in rois 5645. 876. ri suail sossad a duuelling. pass. d. 5091. Betha cf. Cor. tablet.. séguindeacht. Gl. d. n. saithi srábh m. n. 2848. straif thoebomnaib 765. sorcha bright 5700 srulth venerable.1. aire ssdraibh 180. O'Br. 20. 1396.9.6. 1191. 5494. everything 923. soud-culpdius an intemal rhyme 3838 1604. n. sraba aire . T. srebann 1810.2. a dtaiplibh sréguindeacht 5801. g. (2) a rhyme consisting of identical voweh and of idetitical consonants following : sroll 4788. : RC. Gad. 148 sroin 5787 the vorvels. /r.p.s. 3750 v. part. spinan no spin Wi. Acall. stream of milk caesura rhyme offirst and third verseendings of a quatrain 919. sai 386. tri PH.s. srithid the passage or hreast. sreth i (i) a series. straif (i) a sloe-bush. 2851 suides 408. ahode 5310. Cf. 929. ae g. st taebomna Agall. soi- suad suag (?) danger A- gabud 5452. réimm (/3) . PH. 3 pres. spín f: : (i) a thorn. pach-saddle. = do-ath-comiccim plead. srathar Wi.5643. SÚSt udder 1809. sreathaibh 337. in 5567. .s. réidhe. Sil. cabie 6149. PH. juice. taebomnai 412 taebomna 937 d. sloping land. 766. Triads 75 : srithide fola. superlait 3267 the superlative 644. . sug spínán a gooseberry bush II97. : 336. iar srethaib taccraim / tacrait 1961. 2438. argue. 2770. straiph. sruithem 4303. is i 2798 . degree Colm Ailt. 5310. taball a gene in tsrepaind 5001. clangor tuharum. gabhus greim 1397. T. g-s.srabha 387. a stream.9. a sretha 2684 (2) a thread of alliteration. external Oghain letter str. suadh 553.356 SO-réld soirthe easv. 5147. iii. 23. a n-oentabaill II 10. 17 f. 4304.p. V. consonant. 2899 fiexion 795. 2967. intan sreth 3577.8. 6780: O'Dav. g. iii. CC. 3858 as taeblerg a sloping plain. saildrong 5521 the (2) ivhich is not full declension.s. 411. 921 taebréim side or end run or declension n. a from srithiti the sridit 1853.1 . of a quatrain 3848. sruitem aicdi g. : xii. na da n. f. Stmólach a thriish 5695. 90 4230 2329 . stocaireacht 10 a trumpeting HTJ.s. Tr. conas - tacmaing p. aliter 4290. a g. súi m. do g.8. suad 498. stocc m. little.du.p.5 : 5563. (to-ad-com-icc) encompasses. Wi. •!• f. afail 5727. iii.p. 4644 SR. perfect alliteration 785. brass 7 lass srón nose. cóil srithide. compar. small. 553. . sruithi 2377. spinan I197 4305. Lat. in taebomna =z f.du. 1401 . sr 443. pass. a rope.p. impf. srephand 4997 g. in t. 1960. f. hnead.p. 1389.1376. 3194. f. Cf.s. súg sap.p. 3258. a trumpet 1486. dtaobcuibdiph an raind 3566 5034. O'Cl. . suaiti p. a tiiembrane. 2769 . I192.

C. tinnem telling.publish. tair5 tech n-oÍ£red of an 5300. Wi. tál an adze S726.8 trespassing : tecraim (2) trespass. túa silent. 1998. tse a ed táthluibh cement 267. tastel. wit/i gen. dar/:. side 1500. disgrace. 2955 Cor. taítiu a od tai /lerb. 1948. materia/. tenn XX.7. i gither 4777. teipidi 5052 tairgither fair477l. bac/i. ros-tecair 2189. 150. 160 : BB.p. Wi. 441 : O'Múllov Gr.?. Cf. tharraib 5152 Tiglaih.s. teibidi 4994. tái. in g. teirce feuda 3662 tanoigecht 3258 tessargon a cen tar n-áire. imme-thecrathar p. . to t/te addition of t/te syllahle tot a word. 5552 s. 5783. strong. taithmech. 3 s. tebede cut off. tuiu 1484. 65=^1 Str. 1872. 152. 168 //-. Cf. (to-ailh-cuiriur) / pnt away. 4961. tair tiagalm bás / I die.-grey 5699. the ex. réjinement^fitieness 5000. 4782. ar being thanacht 2943 terce sparseness. pres. taithmet 1452 .GLOSSARIAL INDEX taebta (i) a sidijig li'it/i. 1527. Cf. 1653 1274. journey. voyage 5291. 2581. Arc/i. i. terc-du BB. super. tan degas a bas. : 3 Laws taisselbaim lascvihe. belly. RC. taimeth 3439 a mentioning. I intetise. táoi. co taisel- telgud noe q. 2152. 4882. selectioti Wi. Arc/i. counting ruccae 5570 denom. Cf. Ml. deime tebede /tospice táircim / effect^ cause^ refer lo. no taoi •i-tostacii. 4576. /louse of guests. Wi. Ml. I5''28 tiarmóracht tiasca ticalod a f. Iris/i n. 3567. 1261. 4077. 1082. fo tarrib 5147. 1766. 137 Laws . rotaiselbad I047. darl. thairrsci 1654. in tiasca 1760. in . Vit.-«. don tebi 2. g/ue. 2103. n. 1695. C. Cat/i Ruis R. ba bas ni thias 5393. 5067. 299 ^ 8 5396. dot. 2603. 4686. tamall tamall a w/iile. 3438. 17* monastery. 5020. r. n. tnant/irowing. xiv.8. 299 a 45 verse. O'Dav.3 Ó7 J/o/. RC. 2446. c/ieese f. gain 483.v. tó.7. rotathmetaid- tennad m. t/iinness. iar tebiu 1763 it n-áire. end of a tarmfortcend 1514. cutting. itnpressing. pres. m. RC. 4609 . O'Cl. 2165. temen explafiation. etnp/iasisittg. Sanct. 1804. l663 liegittning. tarsna at/iwart. terc scarce. : Wb. : derivation 1315. cement comitative case 1526. XX. a formolad. ar terci tanalf^echt f. tairisem Pl. AisL : Tbc. 357 solder. Lavvs táth luib 288. deliverance. cearttharsna across dar fíartharsna t/iwartness. scanty. 96. iii. a loosening.P. : tairsce (1) a sive case pret. fo fid consisting. cf. 1473. 2718. pres. pause (?) 1932. 1787. 4991. still. 160: Aisl. cited wrongly as a tenti dechtied. rel. feghair ni taircither. d. tenn 5397. íiartharsna tigbae 5334- wiih no survivor. 130 tarr f. 2949. the /ast. 4640. a dechned. tenyí. taig aiged tairisem an abiding. subj. i. fo n. tai . 160 j. 'tarmforcenn m. teasar- tár •i^ contempt^ olc. attribute. tige t/iickness. expressing tension 1552. on tiagas Eg.9. 1564 r. Dep. imrecru na tarmthortcheand 920. savittg. selected. feudhair •!• 569. bad 1763 taistel a traversing. (i) a following : tarmfortcind 4609 g. slenderness. 391. PH. (2) progenitive case 1525. to od compar. 1764. an tepe a I108 . scaniiness.P. where is tanach tanacht f. 1473 1479 •i- I484. denstty Tigris (?) 2283 tigba na lurgan 5782. n. Wi. 1323. 1850. 3 s. 5811. fnisting : (2) táth dissolution . 3 s. tharrsce 1885. O'D. 2942. tairrsgi 4983.p. : 1932.s. 5370.

pass. Laws : answer. arin Wi.s. 3857. .p. ogam t. Wi. Lat. g. Lat. (do-fo rind) s. Laws tinóltach m. Lat. timidity. tomusti 3857. noit 1267. : tiniud m. 1667.11 toimtnigim / tindscital thitik. pass. d. do toit 2651. 4925 2883. tóirndim attetiuated. rustic^ f. nolomhusti measure. toimsigtir 4602 3 s.s. / mark n-inni out. 5634: (2) the Oghatn letter t 2899. do thogartaidh 1671. tindi rucíc 5572. a witiding up of yarn.6. I atn of opinion. lucht na dachta 5473 titul a superscription. 1774. Meir. Laws tadfire •\. 4850. 23 : v. a broad marher. cen tlaisi : 5248. inna togar- 768. totus. no-thomhsidhe 929. tond f. v.s. CC. a. I.tomsidhe. the vjhole. a tomus m 751 927.8. tinfid : tinfid (2) aspiraiion.o\xvc\A^xs m.s. gan correptiim 1358. feeble- 664. 4328 . d. in toe tengadh 909.. don t. 4548 .us 1400. 5778. agricultural. ati iinyoking.s. . Lat. Laws O'Dav. /ounder. Anec. 3279. togarthada 1668. sumtnonitig (2) tinfed. aenfidh fregras in tomus 1382.s. tinfeth (i) a breath vocative case. a becoming 2957vanishitig 3561. 149 tobartada 1645. d. 5495. 485.8. 358 timarta tindell GLOSSARIAL INDEX a short vowel or syllab/e. tlnne 5518. tinugud m. 4917. toimsigim / measure. togarmann 4754 thogairm 1676. 5724 tir- tlrdacht agriculture. in toiti 664. tinne an ingot. tláse softness. p.iste metrical rhyíhm 928.s. 1509. Lec. tái 3856. podex. n. Metr. 1180.6. .s. 4325 . 2913 \. 4363. tobar- tobarta 4846 tón f. tlás. co tomus 1950. cinteacht shiolladh a defitiite tiuttiher tobarthid tacha dative case. 9^14 tiug-thol a last ii'ish. 1520. do thomus Atiec. is e . shin. tírda atuellt^Ti'í. togarthid tada g. cu Cf. 1497 tóirnid m.4 1733. (l) a callitig. n. o thuind co tuind 1726. n. (i) holly A- rotoghladh in Trae 1123. surface. measure. 1687. 917. chief 2286 tinscetal a beginning^ n. impf.7.'^ tinnlocud m. ofsyllables. 1274.s.10. g. Death Tales tveahiess.s. 5242. V. 768.s. etid 18 16. tiprán 5109. toglaim / quulend no trom saci. 1660. toimes d. toit -i' uiHataidh no uilidhe. Wi. 4753 . 4276. 435. n. f.1. tó tongue 751. an 769. Wi. 3 pres. tipra Wi. 4826. 3 s.3.s. 3 s. in tindscedul 486.13. dliged na ataboing tui 5458. a signifv. Cf. Laws eis LU. in tinsgetal Wi. pregtiaticy. destroy.s.s. toimtiu. Trip. mban beth i tai. g.tidlacad. toraa. a.s. 943. aircedal 'i.4.9 3 p. cen tlási 5251. rotoimtnigedar 151. tnensiira 750. 4856 vocative case. toirne a share. tinfedaigud an aspirate 344 attenuating. 0" Molloy Gr.teine 4544. tail. i in toi 3791 d. . explatta- tion 1247. tinfiudh 434. O'Cl. 1647. in toit 3279 . tóe f. 4856 Wi. co dtinfed 2882. pres. ina thobartaid 1677. 1895.s. 962.s. 1550 tochrus 2109. 164. 4062 toimslm / toimsiter 739. 24. . measurer. d. dim. sitetice. I012.s. pass. lethan-thoirnid 4S0. : titul 165 : toirches. denom. O'R. 3019 toimsigther 4808. 1231. a collector. portion 3889. a givitig up^ deliveritig 4753. 1881. . vanishing toghorta 4847 d. n. Fel.4. 10 n. n'ss. 4838.5. g. dar toiti na a thiugthol 5296 tlacht protectioti 1 960. tochrus tóe tograirm 4741.s.7. Wi. toirnes 1568. tom. a toit thigthol 5290. iar thoirni 4548 .

signijication.8.s.shore 1229.6. 3988. i three 426. 3 s. bentot 1850. 1448. Cf.6. d 935. 823 torathor a 5295 monstrositv. toraind 2796. 1493. tod 1 trén strong. fher. (l) : «« increasing. 4322 671. marginal triadi[b] 1502. iresi 1459.6. 1609. O'R. 18 : 573. 1462. TSh. 2868. 796. ferthot 1695. e. 4. trebrichta trip/e torc a torÉT boar. trág. 2901 . 5244. . 4561.s. na da trian 936 trian (l) holly : (2) tri'an iii. octosyllabic 3712. 1723. trian cuilenn. 1027 . H.7.GLOSSARIAL INDEX tórand ^^yi denotaiion. 5064. a oen. 4560.. (i) a transpiercing : (2) perforative case. 5556. 18 11. 1493. a prince 5230 5357 killing. : legtreoraid 450. torghan HB. three- tormach m. tot the onomatopoetic sound of a mans . 162 : Cor. Ogham letter t. 5373 . 3039 . three. cach treith wea^ 1475.9. 1883. 3403. strand 6103 traide f. 3281 tré-fhocul negatively filidecht.g. litirtreoraid 449. Wi. 1612. tlacht in trefocuil . n. s. /. . tothocht junct : (i) possession. : treórald 2913. 1940. 2018.11. 4. lapis áo rada fri gach ni tarraigther cois 3399. guuíe. : ridged 5835. tornóracht f. as to form 5057-62 chiefly . quichiess 510. syllahled 3865 things . Lat.7.pl. demand. Wi. tracht a tráeth 1236. 1654 (2) augmentative case tréde d.9. the -i- in trian H. 1264. 1465.ú\\iebach stemmed in 5836. pres. 4540 for milaib trachtamuigi 2393. 2180 tregdae pierced 6090 tregtad m. 502. tothlugud m. refuse tráoth -x- nemh neachtarda. ad- 5429 a g. . 1020.3. i trefocul 2078. tráig f.2. 1409.s. Tr.tonn. 18 toth everything feminine. 1480. tríath m. injure. 4. 1804.s. todh ín tregdad 1724. m. g. of poetry laws of 1940-3. 2017. as matter 192839. Tbc.5. ST. o trian 935. a traig tre- f- afoot. 1461. tormán •\.s. in trefocal 3396.7. 2130 d. 18 : of malt 4539. Anec. 940. tormach 3790 1528. n. 1568 /r. 1816 comp. isin lody falling fertot on water 4890 1620. tresim fedma 5555. the tiimer^s craft 5799. lord. a hero by a hero 5256.9. tothucht 5254. fertout 4882. everything neuler 1475. asin t. fristartaigther Eg.g. trast 1468. n. Laws 43 king. 5234.s. (2) xxii. an 1032. laxvs to of bairdne. chotut. ruamna 5563.8. iar torthor troich 771 in g. pret. guidance. 4558. co ndorthor 5289. 1939.9. feurtot 4991. 1236. saerthot slantot tot -i^ n-P. Triads: O'Dav. stated chiefly the : iaws (l) xii. Metr. means. 121 tressach warltke 3 s. tresiu mbanda 1465. 1780. e. 5549. g.) 5357 to-tluchur / is ask. trian m.s. compar. treóir n. darothlaig no torothlaig 4002 trá 'V do rae chugainn no rae uainn no trá-i-tn' neithe. tredriaimnech three- O'R. do thren5335.caemthuit 2233. t. lii. mo 1181. laedo.6. H. one-third. treghdad Wi.du. . treóraidhe. 2188. U'Mulc. trelurgach threeXxt\. properíy. 1654. 1296 . /'. Laws torrach pregnant 5774 to-sárigrur / violate. lapis dicitur eo quod leidit peidim treidhib 665. gl. 1928. 5276. 1960 . houndg'-s- 359 is moaum monster. 1413. Wi. co 1950. troth 1458. strength. dod 1468 demanding 5564 sup. O'D.s.p. strand. Cor. n. {sic n. treorach {2) propriety in poetic praising. triosgr grains. destroying. II07 asking. tregdhadh 1528.6. 4583.

trcethait 1477. 4. co n-uaigiter 954. úath (i) horror 5234 : (2) 2951. in truip úaimm • n. 2671. huatha 5699. e. of a verse. and below. cen uathad ilar tuis 2450. Death tuathmar 4302. : pres.6. a parent.p.6 hue 5146. (i) a stitching. 5351f. 3 s. case 1523. 944. incense. n. 4250. 1176. O'Dav.s. Laws over.: : 36o trírech tririg f. 323. 781 alliteration at ihe O'C. Lat. tromm m.s.s. is ad- uais 2476. Ir. huath 432.7. starling 3224 Tr.52 Acall. d. description : 2205. tuistidi 446. H.s. tis cf. union truld m. 5262. 161 : 5335 (2) a composition. Thc. a. dib fuigther trop. 480. 1889. alaind 5185. O'Dav. singular 325. singularitv. 4335 .2. g. 5699.p. trop Lat. c tna.7. d. slight poverty. foirithed poverty. GLOSSARIAL INDEX a lay. 18 O'CI. ni huaim 781. f. overpcrwer. t. periphrasis Gr. O'Dav. 5547. figure of in trop 2567. a bow 1877. Wi. xii. 5058. Min. ni certtuirem na gcinedh 3378 tuirme glonn 940 (do-sírim) n. as adj. trin-troip : pass.^ tuisel m. . 2614. tuissel 4862 tuismiud m.. fii tús f. S151 úagrim / se-w. re huamma 780. seam. 4292.6.du. pres. uais m. inn uaite 903. tutmur 5604. n. uairtnech . a denma 737. tróethaim / 1481. tuisil 3591. trom 5518.s. n. traethaid 1485 rei.s. Tales. without a singular with a plural 1942. 1638. Cf. truiteóc P. f. e in t-uais. úas. lyric. pietas 4214 s. 4272: h 1230. ua m. trócaire mercv. 308. oneness. a numher. an elder tree I155. 15 30. iii. 5694. 5491 . e g. uáls 1655. a singular.2.g. Wi. Wi. tis uaso 144. Gor. a caiise. 1641. xxvi 8 túarascbail f. uais túirim 2 s. 1670. fetid. 5277. 625. singleness. a begetting. pres. mora. fewness 1098 : (2) g. PH.7 .4 O'MuIc. 2058. 30. tucait a scribind 1106. túir 5194. grandsojt.i. 121. origin 481. 4581 1480. rind end the túagr an axe. 2905.4. (l") a parent (2) parentative horrible II95.p. salann no : tuirem f. . ind descendant. 962. úas above imper. (i) a describing. Triads tropus. tuistiudh 1891.6. 3 . : Wi. ius. 870: (2) CC. tuistid m. /ranhincense. uáis «iduine úasal.6.r a n-Imagallaim poet. ós 243 3i 3 pl. 1408. suppress.in bo blegar risin uartan risin •!• sheltering 5147. search.3. a case (in grammar) 783. ier bfiordliged fothu an gotha uais toghaidhe 2648. Cor. a . n. 3587 : (3) alliteration 5479. 1270. RC. cloak. in Da Suadh no in Da Tuarad 4644. raid-uaim 782 g.9. /v/. úathad (i) unity. / scrutinise. Lat.4. na Da Thuar 1328.s.8. 15. i first by one syllable 2205. T. word in túag f. f. í^ 260 O'D. 1891 tuccait 1032.9 . risin v. 5628. PH.5. . 2320.7. v. 112 (2) descriptive case 1529. tucait 632.s. . 4468 stitch. 766. n.s. a recoiinting.s. sage. : RC. 2347. stron^-smelling. c . Hib. noble. issin túthmar 1265 : (i) /W/ri'. tuignech rohe. úaimm do a thuaigh 1278. tuistide tustige. cape. 3987. 40*= 19 speech. g. 2211. 788 Laws : : : úaite f. fuartanach anodyne. 5512. 'L?l\. tugait bindi«5íj: 629. . poent. ind uea compose. f. 15*2 a g. the word in the second verse exceeding the alliterating Wi. tri metaphor. Wi. dim.3 uartan some agriculturalinstrument (?).6 tiar tair 2215 (2) the letter úath (l) white thorn. Mi.s. a thraetlias 3 p. Lat. mbalgum. 3756 a. numher. HB. huartan 5726. 1846 . 1889.

d. Ogham y andvL tnedial 1368. Aisl. 5732 water^. ogam u. . 38''37 . Laws aHthorily\ uir 5652. Wi. ondor 1495. a great part 2640. /eading a tri a tri herlanna 3026. Eusehi Chron. analytic. here is 648. uindse no sonnse 3348. obsequium 4219 xinit VLScáÍíB. ind 1172. a huiletaighie 2304.. 4303: ur-bernad ni a Lreach. Lat. uindius. úr. PH.s. n. aqua 1090. earth. 4248 uindsiu liS3i uindis 4269. /etter u u£rdardas. gap. úir i f. tota/ity 3798 ullidetu tota/ity. I iumda. Wi.. HB. urard (i) very high (2) exa/tation. readiness. an ash. a (written') úr (l) /leath E. fraech (2) t/u Og/iam I194. : urluime li'ords. 1290. 1735. Gor. part. preparation. . onnar n. 5341. G/. d.5 : 5524. uilidecht f. 3 p. (ji) . share.^ GLOSSARIAL INDEX úatlglm / make uatuaslalctecli singíe. PH. i>rush (?) 5728. (l) a capturing. fer-a 1798. 4297. •!• draighen ór. augtortas m.g.p. /leat/ier úmda = immda Úmla 3. oilurgbáil gan urgabail 1824 (2) 5338. (hmomtraiive 3460. (2) grease Eg. greasy. I174 . seizing. 2176. f-usgan. uinnius I173. 5587.s. 837. 361 I make rare. uinnse i8c6. do uilideataid 51. 717. 2339. a fhorard 1997. urmór Cf. usca 4306 688. cf.9. /listorv 5522. receptac/e. resin-co/oured únair a 3317: Origg. Donl. ur-dálta ursabál a Ascoli cxxxviii. a irard 5078. in aisti u. the addition of & to the word 1946. pres. ma chor-a (i) honeysuck/e •!• edlend Og/iam (3) the 5342 the (2) 5664. iii. -i. Sg. uindsind uinsenn. Metr. do uir 5585. : da hurbernadh 3385 dejinite. LL. 4092 usceach pertaining to water. uscaide /ardy.g. uinnius uinius f. f. explanatorv. uindse 705. txXúxaz preparedness Laws ulseóc f. f. n. huinnius ardd. Wi. usce Lat. is usrdaracht 131.s. O'R. authority. uaitighit 2153 Cf. mou/d. Laws uilleand sing. unnsi f. . (l) fur-mhór umaideacht umaide. Wi. unse 706.5. arresting. 4423 uinge an ounce 1286. 2146. 6rassKork 5803. diphthong ui I197. unnse m. 1875. uindsi. 5701. m. o uir 5654. urluimi 524. mna 1847.8. a /ark 5696 f. n. 4268. f.• 3379. usgadh goose-grease.s. 67*11 5522. benn-a pl. 2098. e.

Origg. ix. Origg. Bragmain. 2. Actain Achuid. 25 . a river-pool 5683 61 : Cell dara in Armaint 253S. Acit 55. i 5703 Origg. Siccir 2534. PH. Bramain 31. Origg. JEá Ailig 5318 39 2533 : 221. ALlt. Bruiden Da Derga in crích Albanach achaib 75 Scoísman. Luachra4532 A Carrthand in WestChairtend i Sliab Calcanensis Calneh in the land of I. in the plain of Shinar. fer d'Alban- Cualann 5688 Ard Cartaind meath 1222. Co. ndAchia 388 Achid Aquitani Aquitania. Asia. 45. Britainia 2812 yElt. Shinar. TRIBES. xv. 65 : 223. Origg. Mayo. A Chuisi 4531 Ard macha Armagh 5708 Armoin Armenii. 50 Brittones. 94: 223. d. 76 : Leinster. Britain 2537 Albain Albani. 27: 223. 45. /Elt. 2. 46. 30. Origg. xiv.4139 5388 Cypri 55. AND NATIONS í9Ej Ae Chualand Sliabh Chualand in Athain Athenienses. Aílt. 43. Down. 30. y£//. 222. 47. Origg. the place where Gaedel wrote Gaelic Ard Cuis 1222. Origg. 10: with isind Achaidh Dacia. 30. 222. 222. xiv. in fer Braghmaint 2542. AUain 2539 Scotland. Bendchor Bangor Belfast on the south of confused Ac/iaia. 27 Brag'main Brachmanae. Alba f. Ailt. id est. ^lt. yE/t. Quell dara 5706 barony of Carra. 3. Chalanne. 4. Achia Achaia. 2771. 30. 5681 Bethain Bithvni Bithynia. a river flowing through the of town 5686 Tipperarjr (^Tipra Arann') Cerae 5689 Ciclaid Cyclades 219. Britania Britannia. ix. 223. 30. Alpain 2539 Bruiden f. (^Britairi) Bretain 102 : d'feraiph Alpan 2630 ix. 28 Afraicda African 6148 Ailech Greenan Ely on Isthmus between Innishowen and mainland. Boid II : Boeoti Boeotia. Berba the river Barrow 5263. 47. Calcaneinsis 13. 2330 Catt 2. Aílt. Beithin 216. 226. Aláln Alani. Origg. 46. or (Cruachan) Aí 5691 251. q. ix. Cera Kildare. a nAisia 362 36 : : 218. Donegal. ix. 2. 43. Aílt. Origg. Co. later X. Ciclait 2534 Circir Citii. 2538. Boit 2537. 30. 4.v. Co.INDEX OF PLACES. ix. 55. Aru Asia 46 Ara. 30. 30. Beanchar with Asia. Cyprii. isinn Aisia 2571. Boet. Cicir. 2. xiv. 45. 2. 30. Armein. Ailt. and Lough.p. Acain 2538 Achaid Accad Gen.

s.p. Kilkenny. Ireland 3376. 31. Tirone. an ancient palace of the kings of Leinster 5689 parlsh of Eglish. Origg. 2299. 30. of Armagh. 31. ^lt.: INDEX OF PLACES. hEcipta 2549. 49 Dardain Dardani Dardanus. K. nDacia 1105 Daic Daci.s. Irishma». 30.s. 3993 Egept Aegvptii. 2643. Ceata 1472. 15-16: 219. a. 2498. 4.s.. Derry. Leitrim 5391 Durmag Durrow in Ossory. 2541. /Elt. Tyrone. aipgitir Ebraide 1263. 5109. a parish in Dromahaire. Emhain Machuo 3493. Dacla Dacia. 25. 41 : Ebraide xiv. 6. 49. Lebar Cindfaelad was written. Uuorann 5689 Corsic Covsi Corsica. eight miles south-west of Athlone 5705 Collamalr in Munster (?). Co. Aipgitir Egipta Egvpt. Doire Luruain 2623. Co. Liias Drumlease. Emin Macha 2636. for E. do Eaphradaiph 2548. or (Bruiden Chéisi) Corann. mag nDoraimh Park near Co. co Eigipt 1041 adj.. . na 2301 d. . Euateno 2531 Erbos in the river on isjhich Druim Cetta Roe hattU of Cuil Fabhair. hEceptacta 3993. 214. 50 f. Ealg 3540 Eile Ely in North Munster. dá Lochse in nduain Delmna 1. brit in 5328 the river Derg. 75. 43. . apud E. CZ. i nEgipt 16. AND NATIONS Cluain maccu nois the 363 Clúumacnois on the Druim west border of barony of Garrycastle and of King's Co. and of Ikerrin and Eliogarty in Co. 49 Bally- Delbna Delvm 5133 Connacht 5102. viii. Macha im Mumain 5229. 5216. where son of OiIiII Olom. xiv. a hEigipht lioS. /Elt. was fought the ii. Coirsic 2535 Cretes Creta. 120 : Newion . 2. i Collamair Sh'go. A^Jt. g. Mayo and Luighne in Co. Sligo. comprising the baronies of CIonlisk and 2541.D. : g. Tipperary. 2. ^lt. 67 : Dordain 226.. ix. Egipti 17. Egeipt. 5221 303. 39 . or 574). na hEigipti 4055. Derg between Killaloe and Portumna 5682 Dind ríg Burgage moat in townland of BalIyknockan south of Leighlinbridge on the west bank of the Barrow. 590 (or 587. Dardain 6145 Elgr f. Origg. Ebra 1040 a Hehrew.p. : 226. part of tbe parish is in the barony of Galmoy. Elg. 8 Dacia 226 Dalmatae Dalmatia. 226. TRIBES. the plain of Shinar. guth Eirennach 3540. 43 Cuailnge Coolev in Louth 5350 Cusrat a river-pool 5683 Egiptda 2542 a. Derg Emain Macha Navan fort in the Dergderc Z. 2. 5686 Mórdail held there A. Origg. tíre i Origg. barony and Co. Hehrew. do Ebraib 233. Emain 5691 of Eobul a river or lake 56*6 Eoganacht a coUective name septs ihe Doire Luran Derryloran. Co. Origg. K. 90: i Egipt 2541. 4574 Érennach Irish. D. berla n-Ebraidi 189.s. 3377 2 A . Collammair 5113 Corann a barony of Co. d.Elt. d. two miles west of Armagh town 735. 6. hEigipti . ix. hEgeftagda 234 a. Daire Luran 69. but Durmach 5705 which of old included also Gailenga in Co. Dalmait xiv. Origg. a parish descended from Eogan Mor. nDoire Lurain 2639 i Eotenam school a city on the plain oí Shinar where Fenius Farsaid established his of Doramh 154 a plain in the north-west of languages. 2535. Queen's Co. near Crookstown. a parish and town in the barony of Clarallagh. 31. pa Creit 219. 31. King's Co.Limavaddy. ix.

47. Graney. 2. 49. : : Gabal in the river of Fid Gaible. A. 2. 48. 5153 Latinda Latin.U. 89 StaiU 226. 223.9 a town. Origg. 34 : 225. Origg. Ssbain 224.2.: : 364 Ériu d. /Elu Eisil EIssill Elisaei.5 Inis Cathaig Scattery Is/and in the Shannon. cetnarogaph ix. 218. Gabhair Aichle. 68 : 222. 47 Gall a Vihing. /E/t. nGrian 5684 Greco 1359. 5703 : 5682 Pebal Loch Foyle 5681 Is/ay. in Leth Cuinn. . 31. Ircair 5267 2534. 515. Getae (?)." 5690 Gailli Gat/i. Origg. see. 2539. Guich. 31 nGarmon 5690 Germain Germani. 5228. Origg. Goivra. dinn Femin 5688 Bolg 4556 ix. 31. Ailt. becc 7 wzoV. K. Insi Fail 43 : 217. K. Greic m. 2. 47 1327. Feeguile. Erenn 5157. Guit 217.. 30. Grecca 4098 Grian the river Granev which falls into L. Indecda 2542 Iraird C/úain Eraird. TRIBES AND NATIONS f. C/onard. near Tara. Greeks. . hlrard 5705 : Israel the chi/dren of Israe/. 30. nEirinn 3377 a. 2540. Ile f. 29S4. . Onom.s.6. di Grecaib 202 . 106 : Innecdai Indi.p.p. Gregaig 2484. Othain Fahan. Argyllshire. hOn. n. 4'i 2. Gothi Tyrone. 47. ^E/t. Laicdemoin 2540. Clare. ford of Ath Luain. 2. Laitianda 1263. island fortress of Loch Gabor. 224. 30. Eire 4150 Hispani.Elt. Aí/t. in Louth and do Inis Cáin 5298. rivers. Origg. Origg. King's Co. Etheoip. filid ix. Co. 5 : 227.p. INDEX OF PLACES. ix. Eiri 1327. Ai/t. ix. ^lt. Origg. ix. Fail 5385. 5167 . Origg. Galait. hill or the of Skreen. Inse Cathaig 531 1 Inis Páil Ireland Insi P'ail 5267 Inishheen Monaghan. ^tt. Issrael 4139 Itail Ita/i. Hibernia f. 2. 109 Espain 2539. Onom. or eclipsed form 81 : 225. Laitianta 1259. 46 2539.U. and parish : Pearna Fems. Trip. 2541 Italia Guith 1325 Ori^g. near Clogher. Iliu 5691 Pir Bolg Firbolgs. Lacdemonnai 55.s. g. ix. 4028 217. Origg. 41. n. iar bFeraib Indiurnn a Inis Cáin river-pool 5686 Prainc Preisin 31. 31. 224. 30. 104. a. a parish and bishopric on ihe Boyne in Co. 30. 10 : 30. 224. 2539.48 Franci. 5684 Gabar f. ^/t. 3540 i g-s. iar Flath Feraib Femin Bolg loi : of the inner Hebrides. Lacedaemones. Ethioip 50 Aethiopes. ix. 50. liEspain. 31. Kildare. Gallogam 6157 n-Airthir near the Garman Druim of Lacdemoin 2. ix. Gaill 2533. 2533 Goith Gothi 27. f. 85 : 224. 3376. 30. 89 : a Magog. 2. aiged Indsi Cain 5300. Lemaln Co. 2. Etail Galus 2538. 1495. Greicc 4036 d. g. II05. Fál Ireland. Wexford.s. Ire/and 5466 Hircain Hircani. lieland. Scotland. 42. Eire . ix. Aí/t. Pemen Cashel a plain which extended from to the southernmost island Clonmel. /FJt^ Carman. Origg. Fresin. 2. Latins 421. ix.s. la Grego la 1060. A. Affrainc 2540 Frisii 224. 97 : Laisnech a Leinsterman 5148. Ua rig 187 Lemna 5262 . ix. Origg. seat of Oenach Carmain. 2. 516. in Co. do Grecaib 19. 4028.p. Origg. mic Israel 2. ix. 47 Eithiop 2541. Galaid Ga/atae. la 2. " Lagore. Meath and near Co.

Origg. XV. Morcain Marcomamii 97 : Origg. xv. Co. gu Letha 5163. Ailt. A 284 5688 Fhlaind Locha : h'nib same 220. Laidich 2540. I. Ériu viii. 45. Origg. 5172. barony of Tirawley. K. 225. AND NATIONS Latium i. Lid.48 Luimnech Estuary 0/ L. máir. Rome. still called An Odba. Acha 5176 47 Loch léin Lake{s) of Killartiey 5320 Lochlannach Scandinavian 6155 Lodain Laodiceni. Kildare. 42 Pont{ic)i Pontus. Ogba 220. 30. Italy.?.sub. Black Sea 3343 a Munsterman 5149. 44: 218. 3605 Massyli. Maig'idon 78 : ALacedones. ^lt. v. Co. 30. 2536. ix. parish of Addergoole. 2536. 27 . 5154 island Luidl . i Lower Iveagh. Masail. Laudicia. 120-2 : Siigo. Origg. 2. Origg. originem. Ailt. 2540. 1750. fer 46 Ma. Moid Medi. : Maguich 55. Oíigg. ix. 3 : Mumnech 218. Co.5 221. Tuired West. Origg.\Lycenae (. Morann 2534. : Odba Origg. 30. Down.INDEX OF PLACES. Norith xiv. Lugoil 218 ix. 44 ix. 44.lt. ^Ell. Pampil.m\MMtá\ : Luigdin -/-. co ILetha 5237 Liath Liath Mhancháin. 2533. Mayo. ix. 44 f. 30. Origg. a hill over the Liffev. arbitrantur Scythas et Magog Gothos 2. =. Onom. 2. .2 44 Mauri. 30.han. 5681. Mui^i 5221 Ocha óchter Maige 5216. traxisse : 4. Laudiceni. south of the Blackwater. 30. 123 220. 4939. 217. Nid ix. 30. parish of Lemanaf. 2537. ii. XV. 365 Iietha. ix.48 of which enters the Barrow north New Ross (?) 07iom. ^íE"//. 2. ALisgusa 2536. /Elt. 30. Origg. in ihe parish of Martry. 31. Mosin. 5691 Maistiu Massail 30. Mount Nephin. Nobith Numidae.\Leath 5690 Molossus glossary Molosus 218. I. A'Jt. 2626 g.e. tirra barony of a Tirerril.Elt. 2. 2.imeruh 5681 Naendruim Noendruim the and : Shannon at Mag Rath church 5703 Narboin Narbona. Noricus ager. 5689 yElt. : VoW-mount^ Longbaird 95 • Luingohardi. ix. /Elt.7 : Point 83 : 2.'). cath Muighi Rath and Moy. TRIBES. Origg.9. Loch g. On. 302 5688 : Nith \Loytirra East liver Mag Nith of the Boyne. L. 2.s. King's Co. Onom. 30. Mugna a parish m. 2533. Mussin 55 26.7/. Ochae in Leinster: or fer Faughan. Liphe the Liffev.F. 31. Ladaich. 218. 31. 2. ix. xiv. river. A^Jt. 30. 45. : Paimpil Pamphylii Pamphylia. Morain Morini Moraind. Nordi. Lugdoin. 5703 Life. Nombithi. 64 221. Mide . ^lt. Ailt. 27 Noric 55. Macidoin. Origg. 221. K. Moiet 2534 46. I. 75 Ochae : 220. L.42 . Nombith 2537. K. 42. 27 Magoig Magoich. a {cnoc and) moat near Navan : 118. 72. 14 : 225. 42 (?). Monmohennoc. otha Liphi gu Letha 5163. Origg. Origg. 45. 2. iii. 48 Mulnten ix. 5045 Numin Norici.Vagogii (?).vdii. Origg. Mullaghmast 869. Maicidoin 2536. Narmaint 2537 ALoyra.ig the plain. Muir Ponteca the 30. 5237. Dunmanogue^ and townland three and a : 5707 a river-pool half miles west of Castledermot. a parish and town- Nemthend land in ihe barony of Co.Hgdunenses 2534. Meid. three miles from Teltown. Máir 120. 3. : cath Muige Tuireg a quo 222.

: Seól5688 barony of Ciare. Tessail. 3536. ^Elt.s. : in Connacht between da Lacha 5735 40: 219. . Tipperary 5705 Tír-dá-Locha Onom. 2535. 1769. 3344. Black Sea 3487. Origg. Onom. 2727 217. Traic. Liffey at Leixlip 5685 2. do Gregaiph Sgeithia 2303. townland. Sguit 4056. 5703 : 2538. Scctti.s. 4029. Mlt. Troe 2. 26 : Sigil 2535. 3986 4t Scithia Scythia 149. 30. King's Co. 2. TRIBES. 31. Co. and parish in the barony of Lower Ormond. Sicil Siculi. Origg. in Ui Enecbglais Cuahnd 251. Resad 5336 the river Rre Rhodii. xiv. 2535. y^ílt. the Irish 5466 Scuit m. Saighir Chiarain. Thraces. 2572. Co.: S66 INDEX OF PLACES. 44 Teith river f. 2535. ix. .49: 55. Sruthair the river Blachcater between Mayo and Galway 5685 220. Sennair 1106. Origg. .s.^//. in Raithen Rahan 5707 Seunair 4051. Raetia. Tragianda 2541. which joins the ix. 44. 41. Pountiogda 3488 5689 v. 57 . 49. 30. Sgeithin 2533. 30. tSeunair 4140 Seól a plain given by Ugaine son Eocha. 219. 5 104. Co. ix. Roait 2535 Sruthair Shrule in the baronies of baronyof Kells. grinne fairne. ix. g. 43 the river Shannon 5681 Zion. Troia 55. K. Ononi. 31 Tír-dá-glas Terrvglass village. 162. 41. 82 : Sgeiihia 2452. 30. 31. AND NATIONS the Pontlcum mare mairie Pounticum 3342.43 in Leinster. 2. 4o6r. 2516. 30. g. Relcil 219. 1029. a quo Scoiti 1251. 6 : 224. Origg. rotoglad in Trce dtogail II 23. . Sligo. Sicil 30. Taeasail 223. 31 Troian. Saraceni quasi a Sarra. 128. Scoti 5466 Troiannai Troiani. Origg. 2. Tipperary burying place of the kings of Ossory. ^^ílt. Sairkeira>i. 67 : 225. 2. asin Scithia Tracdai 225. on Sgeithia 2312 Scoti m. Scitie Traig 2541. Origg. Quorann Corann near Tullamore. between the Siur and the Barrow 5690 Romain Romani. 28. Mayo 5707 Streulae Stirling in the Lothiam 5690 Strur. Galway. 44 SgiU 2534.7/. in Co. 2. Sgouit 2533. 6. 4532 37: 219. Sinand : f. Sencua 5218. 31. gu mag Seannair 154. 84 a plain in the : Roigne Kilmain and Clare./-. 31. Origg. 85 : 217. grinne sair 2539. 103 Troe : Trov. Rhegini. Reicir Origg. Origg. Origg. f. : Sarain ix. 4. 2. 69 and a half miles south-east of Birr. 2. 4042 g. Seolae : to his barony of BallycGwan. . Co. Ponteca Senchua townland and parish of barony of Tirerril.Klt. n. Origg. Tír Scithi 187. AUt. 43 Scythae. . ^7-:it.5. ix. 2408. Resad Rige Roid 219. 5682 Tara.s. Sennar the plain of Shinar. 2.7-7/. Temalr Saigear four Meath 5689 ix. 48 Sardain Sardi Sardinia. ix. Recin. Tochar Inbir Móir at Arklow. sliab gilla rig Slon Mount Sion 5302 Sioin 5307. Lough Corrib and Lough Lurgan. xiv. Co. Slíab Luachra Slieve Logher mountains in Kerry and Cork. Tessail Tesail Thessali. 27 : 216. Onom. ix. ix. 4051.^:it. 39. Origg. Senchpe 5213 Shancough. Mag Seólai. 4049. : 1222. Reit Raeti 30. SciU. 49 no Scithie 19. 30. 32 mag.

mmaigh Ucca mag n-Ucna 154 Uga Rathconrath. 5691 Conry. hill Ucca a plain i the sonth-west 17. a river in a Mag in Tuaith d.d. Westmeath. of Usna. AND NATIOXS Tuath Dé Danand the triheis) of Daniis ^ods^ an invasion of Ireland -^^^j Ui Enechglais Cualand baroQy of in the Arklo\v. of the parish •E?yi^^ 2301. barony of Co. 2128. TRIBES. WicWlow after the Firbolgs. Cissen. Co.s. 3986 1496.d. 4557 in Uatha 5686 Uisnech Usnagh. K. g. : . iar Tuathaib d. marsen re Tuaith d. 1030. la Uisiu f.INDEX OF PLACES.d.

5794 Uthldir. 38 ^ngus 5196. Aur. Ki7tg of Ireland. LL. 16 Aor son of Ara. : ix. 574 Druimmic Ainmirech eponym of the letter a 247. 2422. son Arfaxat 120. Abosth 2468 •!• 4965. 2385. 136. 185 Arphaxat. Urtechta 2467 4151 Agomolis of Fronosis 132. g. 11 30. son King of A. Adna 1968 6"/. Aurtecht 184. 38 : g. ^Enias 4043 Ara of son of /ara. CZ. Agnoman 209. . FeniuE mac Baath Agamolis 241 1 181. X. 22 Oengus mac Oiblen 5191 Affrim the eponym of the diphtbong ae 248. and Calah. mic Agnumain 1050. 4002. Amairgin mac Miled 252. Gaedhel mac Agnon no Aingin 209. 1048. Aiscnecus Ashchenaz 4034 Amairgen Conall mac Amirgin (i. Aghnomain 4005. at g. Aghnoumain son g. 5318 Amairgein Glungeal mac Miled 1031. ^Elt. ^Elt. Bobel 2560 . 2519.s. Origg. Aimergin mac Noine of Mil meic Nionuail 3980 Amairgein G-lungeal 1028. Rehoboth. 186*11. 5 1253.s.U. son of Toe. 2. 39. a chiefpoet to Conchubar Hi Amairgen Nenuail mac Naende mic 1025. Abraim Ahab. Aoi 184 : ^neas of Troy 1125. 3984. Angin 1049 : haim 2504 vii. 30. 8. iii. son 0/ Rónán and Conal Cernach) 5266. Oengoba.s. Abodh 184.s. Oengusa epscoip hui Oibleain. x. author 0/ the Félire. 143. Arafaxat 2399. ^Flt. 78 : Ceta. ix. ^FJt. A. Baath Babel son of Magog. meic Asuir 2412. g. Afrim 2563 Assur a builder of Babel. : Origg. 152.s. 37 Etheoir mic Agno[ma]in 183. ^Flt.U. xxvi.s. Apraihe 1764. 30. 2. Acap 70 Adam Adam. Abram Achab 2562 Abram. siol Aingin 3979. Origg. Scotland. 2487 Axagenfather of Goedel. 105.e. Goedel mac Angein 1052.. mac Aingin) 105 1 ninth abbot of Adna mac Aed iEd RC. Asur Asshur builded Nineveh.INDEX OF PERSONS Aboth son of Aor. : of Ferns 5796 Aedan mac Gabhrain.e. Goedel mac Aimergin (i. 30.s. 589 g. 1024. son of Shem. mac Aingen the eponym of the letter b 245.U. Fel?. mac Nessa. : : Gen. Agnamain Aurtheeht 38 : son of Ethecht. 2466. A. 45 Assur 127. Ainmeri 6. 2523. Oengus Céie Dé. 38 g. Gen. Aimergin Gluingeal 2572. Aoir 2468. 30.-Eda fri hinccin Aodha mic Gaphrain 3186 -^d Ailig Kmgof Ireland 1879. 2432 Adamnán Rónnat : St.. mic Assuir 133. 2115.4. 2323. 2406.

4144. do Caei C. 30.Danand. 75. Scot. 1381.Klt. Coluim CiIIe 938.\. Celibatt-igni. Ceandfaeiad 1026 . Cham. grandfatherof Goedel. Cellach Oorrach a poet 1 bot-as. 1228.c. 869 Danonn. i n-aimsir meic Nessa 2637. //-. 369 ahhot a Scythian Greek. v. g. 2516 Bardanlus a builder of Babel 128. 1024. p. T. Meir. 70: but also an Irish iv. Dc Danand f. g. p. d.4029 67. 2386.s.75. Ir. 78. : byname of Dámine /'iniiguine. hui Briain 3834 Neusa 3494 Congal Claen. //-.C. Baith 2469 Bodbus a builder of Babel 127. .s. Consentlus Grammaticus Latinus 3240 Buodach 3222 Corc son of Lugaidh.s. i Colum 5144. g. . 5943 . Cindfaeladh 1252. of Clonmacnois. Gen. Conchubair Concapair meic royaI line of cf. iii. 4029 Cellach 3222. 5329. 3983 Bel soti 0/ Plosc 1 3 1 Cloth[g]na mac Oensusa Bellat wife of Fenius Farsaid. Tuthal hua Chonaill 5266 Conchobar mac Nessa Ulster A'ing of 736. of Munster 5231 Oai Cainbrethach dalta Feniusa 232.. \. Cjc II09.3185. bishop.s. 1252. CZ. Bodb. Origg. Boinb 183 30. Cruteni 5839 Cú £icht£re i crub iii. ]5rese 5467 Bricri iii. 5923. Ceannihe author of the Cuis i. Aurai ept Cendfaolad 2358. 2547. Caimh 106. Boath 185. Metr. 2325. Tuath . Ciarain 5268 Cinaotha (?) Cináed ua Hartacain prímfhili 2408 t975. great Cíarán Quiaran St. Ham. Cuilibadh 5923 5 1 cf. 3980: the eponym of the letter c 246.SV.7. Pam g-s. 2628 Brlttus 2407 a builder of Babel 127. 711 3698. I119. 3982. 5182. 5351 Críst Christ 3870 Cam ix. mic Barachaim 5794.9 . Banb son of Shem. Cuis 106. i n-aimsir d. i to. Briccrenn 198. biheanga. 3618 Erenn. 13: niic Chus. i leapar Cinnfaolidh meicOilella 2620. 2407 Bonb. Bntus Conslnslus. in Celt. dim. for Conghal 73. Cendfáelad 80.x. g. Conall. 5468 . 2. Origg.s. 16: g. Brlan 979. mother of Nél 801. vol. 3601. (5) : Ir. 5469. Coillaii.s. of Damianus. 5865 hui Néill 5132 Brénaind Sí. i Cholaim Cille 4531. K. 6 faelad 96. do Cendfaeladh 70.s. the eponym of the 1679.s.8 INDEX OF PERSONS Baracham 19. deposed mac Cuilennáin. a d 246. Cush. Coluim caid 866. A'ing of Cashel t9o8.g. 5380. : Cronán . Cainaen 2561 3867.s. Caim 2386. of the Brlccrlu 5854 mac 16 : Carbri ihe Cruithni of Dál Araidi. Daimine. g. Gen.s. 1596. .s. ar Cingugan 710 A. dim. 202. CZ.U.4678. 5298. A. Fel? iiame.ísVA v. 248. 5793 Bres mac Elathan ríg Erenn King of the Tuath De Danann. ciU Choluim Bran 5730. chief poet of Ireland tioog. Columba. 13 : g. Con Echtga 5398 Colabot. Cormac dona Cnoib Segsa 5317 Cormac mac Culennáin poet. Colum Cille. i. Slcene. Dabhid letter David. 2561 Cenn Oécáln by Cormac 901. x. A'ing of Mtimier. 81 Ep. 5794 Crutene Critmifili. n. 5331 Boatb 39: son 0/ Riafath^ Boad. goose head. Ceallach 5923. e. 5826.6. Danu loiu v. : cind ChindfaelAd 72. 37 • : Cnámine 5327 Colum St. 2. comarba cathrach Barachain 2303. 785.

5239 d. cent. Eiroichius 2562 Paillec Pe'leg. Dedu eponyin of Ogham. 1103. K ing of of Penius Parsaidh or 187. A. 130. Puin 1117 Glunfind. Eithiuir 2303.5. •i- a delidin sillabacda. 2 (?) : /. g. 5386. 3979. 4008. 2360. 1025. Deus 704. Eimer iar oAuraiccept Muman 1366. A-'Jt. s. 40. Etheoir 19. Faillech 1252 462. Faillec 123. 3978. Fenius 166. the Pidad 3156 V. 1249. a. Bóin 3837 the apostle g.s. 182. Farsaid [rharisee]. 2624. Latin Donnán 6V.. 126. a Fhlaind 868. Ailt.U.2. Farsaigh 82. Ethiuir 2522 37 g. 4147 4507 Egbrec hui Briain 3834 Elatha faiher of Bres.s.s. 282 n. 6103. Eusru 4150 Esaii. Domnaill 69. 804..U. re nDomnalI 73. 27^9. son of Aurthecht.-. 1762. iii. 1035. 203. 5503 . 3698 . mac 3493. 1410.9. 4027. 2469. floruit Bssu 247. 2414. mic Delbaeith 5468.7. 100. gossa 53 '4. Die 2631 Daman. 2.. 3350 Domnall grandson : of Ainmire.s. 1023.s. Etnae.9. Origg. 4206 a scribe w/io tvroie a builder of Babel. 29. 476. Esu 2563. . RC. 2547.Klt. 30.9. 4963. 883.. Dubthach another person may refer to Brnén St. xii. do 516. 6069. 6093. 8400 banfili. 5246. Laigeach fili PH.-. Ethlu V. 953 Per Muman iii. contemporary Nessa 735. gossa fer son of Mil. 3rd Metr. g. Boad. Ogam Dedad 6057 Delbaeth son 0/ Elatha. CZ. son of Baath.5. 5467. hi Dubdiad Duh MR. 174.7.4 1102.s.9. Farrsaid 160. 5943 Eogan son of Glunfind. Elathan auíhor of of A uraicept. Fallec 119. Eber 2415. 180.9 son of : Agnoman. Eiteachta 2467 : F/ann.6. 2998. 2742. A. 2465. Aílt. 4513 Paunus g Eogan. Duip Diad. v. Fenius 2266.s.s.9. Fer- Éremón Ogam 32 Erimoin 6084. 2199. Domnall ua Aoda Eg. 2499. 126 iii.5. 2962. Flann 3222. 2325. brother of Bres and Ogma. eicis.9. 202. of Eíg Donnchad son of Ireland.. Gor. Conchobar 2637. 5793 Pingen mac Plaind circa 850.U. 2643.. Dubiidiadh 76. Dubthach 5388 Fergus Farsaidh 212. Esáu. g. Metr. Eialba daughter of Idad or Fidad 561. Ir. 2628 . 66. 39 : Esru 185. p. Eipa ingine Fidaidh 3156 Ejber ex Heber Hebraei. Fege of Diancecht. bishop. 4137. FJand Floind 3750. the poetess. 22 Feniusa . 2943. son v. 2465. 2403. Fland Flaind 795. 38 Ethecht 184. {or Cennfada) A. 3604.6. 3612. 5830. 797. Eitheoir 1108. poel.'). 5293 16: : Mui«e ecÍF. Fether. 2202. 5794 Domnall. Etan.5. 183.s. 5796 Bsru son of Boath. 5145. 6127 Pergus Dubthach son ofConall Gulban. 2515. g. 586. : Find 6102 Etain Pland 1972 Ethecht g. the hero of the battle of Magh Rath. Idad Pindén St.7. ix. 1023. 5287. 213. Metr.s. 5150. Mumu /. 2406. Eogain Eogein 212 John im feil Eoin 3981. 38: a builder of Bibel. 871. 1051.9 mac Cumaill ua Báiscne /. Lug Ethrocius the eponym of the diphthong ea 248.370 INDEX OF PERSONS Ether 30. 2312. 2399. Etain g. 180. 4224. Eremon. Perchertne poet. 7". Plnn 16 : 5246. eponym of the letter e Etan d. 376 r. Eper mac Eiber Saile II16. 2529. CZ. 30. 641 g. do dernaind Domniill 5165. ingen Dencecht in PH. F. • Donatus Grammaíiciis Latinus 364. (. 2529.

5866 Lamfiach Lamech. Metr. 3619 a builder of Babel.7. 2.6. 2466. daughter of Latinus 4045 Leser son of Seth. Acha 5176. Gotli the eponym of the Gadmer 2562 g 247. huilder of Bahel. 1049. Glas Goedel 2523. 672. 2488.s. 1124. Gen. 4031. Lam: Gomer 26 : Origg. 5281. Ybath Scota Pronosis son of Gitlis 132. 2 3534 . Ibath 2406 a huilder of Babel 127.s. 4037.s. 26: 2484. Hiruad Herod. 5139 father of Fland q. Gregus 4027. Gaedel 43. King Lorc. co lar 1107. 1768. 5796 Giurgus S"/. Goimeir 2469. 176. Ir. Labraid 5730.. Gaedheal 204. Giudeal 15. 4141 lara son of Sru^ ^-lilt. 1051 father of Noah. 1103. Georf^e.Ell. Gotli Iland Ogham ebadach Ilaind 5853 a huilder of Bahel 128. a Fhlaind Locha ag leffeth 2486 5172. mac Puin 1117. Gen. 6. 4005. 182. St. Gaedel mac Aimergin 18. 52: g. 30. 2519. son of Giurgu 5795 Nél 2518. 2. 82. 4043. Lamiach. 2412 Idad/rt/Z/í'r of Ealba. meic laffeiih 2470. (Mac the Laitheóge). ^EIt.s. son of L'gaine laichim 2563 of Ireland 5231 . Caleph. Gemmán Germanus 5795 a huilder of Babel 128. 28 : 176. (?) 17^ : Delbna lafeth 2. 1051. Gasdel mac Rtheoir son of lapheth. ix. Goimer 4148 find 2466 356. 212. . Latinus : Grecus. 2998 Glas. Fidaidh 3156 Oadmer Garath 2407 2562 v. 982. Origg. Ir. Calebh 2561. Idaidh 561. x. 675. 979. eponyni 2560. Garad V/.. mic lafeth 181. 213. of the royal sept Ui Fiachrach Aidni mac Lonain i nduain Delmna lapheth. nGeman lonan /rtfrtw. 30. ix. Grecus 1250. ix. Loncbard 2407 eponym of the letter i 248. x. the eponym of the letter h 246. 2. Origg. 2563 of the diphthong lo Glúnfind son of Lamfind. Lorc Lóeguire Már. lasin nCaidel 522. 1083. nGomer 2562 Gothius íi Laisreann St 5793 Latin son of Faunus.INDEX OF PERSONS Pland mac Lonáin d'Ua 5102. lar Foraind the Pharaoh. 37 : 4005 Goedel eponym o^ Gaelic.^ the eponym of the letter q 246. Metr. 2360. 7lh cent. 37 Laimfind 182. 84 126. 31. Origg. 5133.^Laimfiach 2470 son of Ether.6. 4028. ^lílt. 52 4078. 2412 Ir son of Mil 3987 íte f. mac Aingin 205. 30. x.9 185 : mac Nema letter f 245. g.v.s. 4148 son of Gomer 1117. do chloind Laitin 802. oc lafeth 179. vii. of v. . Lon^bardus a builder of Babel 127. 2406 II 2S. Gomer 186. 646. Gotius 128 letter 1250 2723. Leser 2468 Hieronymus Stjerome 179. 2529. Kaliap Caleh.. 2483 2407 Gitlis son of Tiris 1^2. Gen. 2 : 4034 g. g. 38. Indiurnn lo\\) Jove a river-pool 5686 son of Japheth. Cirine. 5326. Goedeal 202. Hiruath 2561 lachim the Liadain Lonéin a poetess^ ban-éces di Chorco Duibne. g. Greccus Lauina Lavinia. Gaoidel 2288. i Origg. E. Lamfind ijc. 2519. tgiS. ludonius eponym 248. Gomers the epoiym of the Ogham letter ng 247.

eponym of 246. 134.s. Tamall n-áire amal dorigni Mac Dá Certa. lithlenn 1162 Miled Mil or Milesius. poet. to. the Meír. 5614 Muiriath Martha the letter vii. 27 : Magogh i8r. A'imrod. probabIy born 29th Feb suppHed MSS. of the Cerdraige (used as nom. Origg. 2467 Ness ttiother of Conchobar q. Anec. according of the two youttg son of the Dagda. 4050. 2321.2. 261. 226 Lorc Luocha hBgbric hui Briain foslerer of Mide 3834 Loth Zo/. 3 Moreth 2561. Possib]y a late development of moccu Cherda. 29. Mac Lénín a poet. 13: 105..s. 6. Nin mac Peil 2387. Origg. Mac Fhirbiseach Mac .. /. 191. Ir. Gaoidel Glas mac Niuil 2523. 5117: Mac Da Morann mac Main Oghatnisl.mac Láiri Láidig a poet 5181 Maelruanaid 5240. LL. 38^^40. 103 1. Milcon mic Oncon ua Burcháin. Gen. Nenuail ^Clt. xv. judge iii. 42 .. filius Nembroth Chus. FM. Moysi. Maisi g. Goed? 62 n.) Maccu-lasrius. 2 : Nenual 1025. Nionuail 3980. of the Creccraige. a builder 2258 Babel. eponym of the letter n Mac ind Oengus. Murchertach riabach O Ouindlis the scribe ofthe Book cf Lecan : version. 5122 oghmoir.. Néde mac Adn. Dil mac Da Crecc = Dil moccu Crecca. cf. 478. 3618 Nemruad I. 2406. Fir Bisig. Nabgodon of Nenual 1025.7 Mac Dá Cerda mac Máileoehtraig maic Dínertaig /. father of A'oine. cf. 15: legendary Chait.// Lugaid sonof Lóegaire'Q'). n. "jih cent. Origg. son ix.-. a poet. 8th /.v. mic Miled 32 : 1032.. no Nin 1767. Maghach 2488 Maisse Moses. ix. 698 Nél son 5312 4969. g. lect. briathairogam mic ind Oic RC.'-^ 300. x. Origg. Adtia. Metr. Cerd 1223. Mil. 9 : 245. 17^ INDEX OF PERSOxXS Mars Mars 3533 Meurcuir Mercunus 3534 Mide son of the Sun 3836. 2560 Lug mac Bithlend King 0/ the Tuath Dé Danand 2803. Noine Stoke?. : Maelcalnnig hua Tolaig i.-. Nabgaton 2406.s. to 245. Lasn'an.s. iii. 1120. g. of Oic (ind Oc.9. 127 5615. 8. a bLÍlder of Babel.m. the eponym of the letter 1. ^f^V/. g.s. £r7u iii. (?). Mac Léníne Lénin Cor. 35 Maissi I109. Colmán mac 1604. mac Miled 252. CZ. i86b2 of Fetiius. BB. Nesan 5793 Nin son of Bel 108. 2793. 2560. Naende 3980 soti Ogham. 1036.ie mac Gutháir.6. son who wrote for Mac Firbis 2257 of man of leap year. xii. 2451 Magog Oiigg. 131. 2411. Móeltuile a cent. mac Etlenn 5484.: 4533. the briatharogam Moraind 5528. m 10. laistel 5291.s. 126. all of loth cent. 4029 . of Coirpre Cinn CZ. 2391. g. O'C. Manchán St. \á„T : : Néde son of the poet. 299 /3. Ir mac Miled 3987 Lugaidh 5231 Miliuc g. 3985. 112. 5315. Maelruis (?) 5820 of Japheth. FM. 6. LL. 16: Morand 5530. do 4143 44 . Nessán St. Nabgadon of Nebuchadnezzar. vii. Maelruanaid mic Flaind 5243 three princes so named. son ones') 127 eponym . 31 Pl. iar Macaib Miled 1495. Metr. 290* 33. 4258. of Liath 5795 Már son of Ethecht 184.s. Mac Da Cherda 5108. 2. Neidhi xxvi. : malhair Niuil 801. 30. Neamruaid 104. Nion meic Peil 4039 .9 : 4554. ii.

. father of Milmc. son ofSaturn 2723 Egypt. I : 120. mic Semh 133. of Ireland Oenu (maceu Laigsi) of Clonmacnois. 5478. 35. 3 Origg. son of Arphaxat.7i Patraic 3610. vii. 1118. his son. 470. x. Sgithus 2407. Syrum i5 non Hebraeum. Latin Oengus mac Domnaill 650 and : his father. Semair 2467 Plulirls son of Agomolis 132.s.n 5794 v. Aílt. son of Peleg. Sgota 40C1 : g. 2408 vii. 186.81.7. mac Beatha Colm. Gen. Rúadán. Gen. Sem Mair. Saliath the eponym of the letter s mac Sdairn melc Seura Partaion 4149. 8. xii. ri Eigipti 4048. 1250. Patraic 4335. Ordinos 2563 Sachab Saíle 12 : Sacap xi. Alhair is Ogma CZ. Domnall mac Aeda. Ragau. Prescens 85. A.2. 2469. Cuis Loingsech. 2639 mac Oise Hosea. Sardain a builder of Babel Satarn Satumus 3535 Scithius 128. 6"/. 18 Rechtgal hua Siadail a poet. x. 6og8 abbot of Lothra of Osse. Bhatra'g Batraig 1270. the eponym the r 247. King of 4330. 30. a builder : the inventor 0/ Ogham ogaim 2790. n. : Ruicimorcus 2324.7. Origg. were kings Ragau Regua son of Arfaxat 12 52. Ogma mac Balathan meic phaith 5468 iii. Ródán 5795 St. ix. Ose 2562. 2560 meic Sru Origg. 4151. 1253. Oena 5796. mac Ruicimorcus 2324. Presens 4350 Puin Fauni 1117 v.. Metr.s. meic Naei 2413. 6. I : 373 360. cent. Origg. CZ. 120. Patroig 3751 Picc Picus. 245. Ir. Patricius 875. 10 : Ugaine Móir. Rifath 4034 Ogricus (?) 2840 OiiiWfather of Cennfaelad. 5155. 2917. 2415 Bonb Partolon meus . Prisclanus Grammaticus Latimts 454. Salah. ^i7/. micSeim 1252. 2411 2399. 71. 2562 son of Ruchemhurcos 39. Sale.s. Gen. Sgouta ingen Fouraind . Origg. 882.s. Pih'ris Seimh 2414. for Reu. meic Naoi 2416.U. CC. 5 : Gen. 2. Phatraig a builder of Babel 128. Ribat 2406. 131. 3400. g. 247. 2644. Lk. Rifad. Cíarán Quis 2386 V. 2412 Semar Latinus 3235 3o> 37 son of : Pompeius Grammaticus g-s. Ordines the eponym of the diphthong ^oi 248. 133. Sgithegdha 187 Scota f. 7th 2399. Cindfaeladh mic Oilella 67. daughter of Pharaoh. . PH. Rihalh Scout 4029. Már. Riafath 186. PIoisc Sem Shem. onni 16 : Ogmu 128 RC. 2. Bartholoest. 2937. 2470 Noine son of Nionual 3980 2745. Saile II16. Nai 2386. 2926. of Babel. 2411 1768.INDEX OF PERSONS Nóe Noah. of Sachab 40. Abbot Lisi. Riabad Scot son of Gomtr. 3660 Oncon Onchú 5291.. xi. . 4970 a. a 16 poet. vii. 2331 Pam son of Seura. x. 33 : 9. § 65 Ruben letter Reiiben. Probably the same as Banb. bath Scot 1251. Scotai Plato 3807 Tloae son of Pluliris. 275 5161 ix.. 3141. Ria- 2813. meic Aghnoumain meic Paim meic Seura meic Sru jrl. 9. 39: 126. 120. 2738. Prisianus 15: mic Noe 107. Gen. 589. 183. 2331 Ailella 2625.i. 5156 : Quiará. 2414. eponym of the letter o Ozee. sil Nae 188. Rochemhurcos father Roigne Roscadach iii. 4056. iii. 2621. Deal2810.

: 2562. righ in domain 1122. g.!• Titan •i. Toi 2466.s. 3391. Toe 19. : Suibni ngealtacht 74. Tai (mac) Bodb. SCOTLAND. Aílt.s. Tiras. Rex Assyriorum xxvi. : Maolchonaire 4208 Tlachtga na nUath Archdruid : MS. i. Tanis metropolis ^gypti fuit. 970 xii. of ts) 247. 54: Titanes ubi (?). Irish Gram- Tiras Gen. 4150 A. suo nuncupaverunt.S. son of Esru. g. 2 O Mogh Ruith. EDINBURUH. H. in Moyses cuncta Exodo scribun- Sinchell Ii'ish 5793 a scrihe 2256. Suibne. 3: Urard mac 1-990 2303. 30.U. : 5258 son of Assur. ^Elt.e. signa tur./'. originwhich became st by metathesis Tautanes.U. of Baracham. 2325. lumelcus 2563 Uirgilus. (FM. 32: : Strannan Strú the St. et ex nomine Solamh O Droma . g. 1084. Sru. X.374 Séth 2468 soii LNDEX OF PERSONS of Adam. Uirglisiumus Uenir Venus 3535 Uimelicus eponym 3332 Ultan 183. rex mundi. of the O ri gg. 18 and Teutamus. Aílt. Taoi 2515 5796 Coisi chiefpoet of Ireland. Hanc construxisse perhibentur gigantes. xv. Ua Bruic marian 3382. 402 Ed. 3r. of the diphthong ui 248. Pharao fecit et Seura son 0/ Sdaim.U.s. str (according ally z. 4. the eponym of the letter Tuta(i)nes Tothmes. A. id xviii. Titanes. 4042. XXX. x. 5265 Suibne Geilt mad p. 37 202 g. . daughter of the ofEg.s. 1487). : . Irish Graminarian 246. § 73 5234. Tiris mic Ua Maoilchonaire icribe mentioned by ihe di ollomain Assuir 132.s. Dinds.. Thoe 40.grian. Í. taebogam Tlachtga 6080 Toe son of Bonb."«. bishop of Cluain Euis Ua Pind marian ou FinJ 3391. i Tuathal comarb abbot of Clonmacnoise. Airard mac Coissi príméces Erend St. 2469. v. CZ. Seura 4150 St. son of Gomer.T. Afatt. Urtecht 2467 Auithecht PRISTED BY OLIVER AND BOVD. confused vvith the u 247. X. . Irish Grammarian hUa Coirill 3383. 87 i. g. Uirglior. 5795 eponym Ogham letter Tuthin . quae est. Eusehi Chron. 39: laramic Sru 185. Uriath 2562 v.. Tailimon 2561 Tigernach 5794 Sl. frish Gram- Suiphne Geilt 2628 Talamon the eponym of the letter t Ua Coindi 3383. 30. Tuthal hua Chonaill of Cuiran. Trós 4035 A. Togarmaío« ofGomer. Trois 2412 Urith Uriah. son of Assur. Tai Gen. to MacNeiIl.

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A8 1917 SMC Auraicept na n-eces.. Auraicept na n-eces .PB 1397 .

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