Types of Energy GCSE P1

Energy describes the amount of work that can be done by something. There are many different types of energy…

Kinetic energy (KE) is the energy of movement: the faster something is moving the more KE it has. Gravitational potential energy (GPE) is energy associated with position: the higher something is the more GPE it has. Chemical energy is energy stored in chemical bonds, and may be released when chemical reactions take place. It includes energy stored in food, fuel, or in our bodies. Elastic potential energy is the energy stored in a spring or a rubber band when it is stretched. Electrical energy is the energy transferred by an electric current. Note that batteries store chemical energy, which is converted to electrical energy only when they are being used. Thermal energy is the energy something has due to its temperature. It is actually the KE of its moving particles. Nuclear energy is energy stored in atomic nuclei, which can be released via nuclear fission (bombs and power stations) and fusion (in stars). Electromagnetic (light) energy is the energy of a light source, or a source of any type of electromagnetic wave. Sound energy is the energy of vibrating air particles, which we hear as sound. It is really a form of KE.


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