Top Gun

QUARTERBACK ‡ RECEIVER SCHOOL

The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads

Basic Coverages
Cover 3 Zone  Cover 2 Zone  Quarters  Cover 1 Free Man  Cover 0 Man 

COVER 3 ZONE

FS Zone 1/3
Zone 1/3

C Zone 1/3 M
Hook Curl / flat

C M
Hook

SSCurl / flat T S

W

T

N QB

STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.

WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.

COVER 2 ZONE

Zone 1/2 FS

SS Zone 1/2

C Flat

Flat Hash

W

Middle

M

Hash

S

C

E

T

T

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Five underneath coverage. 2. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. 3. Can rush four. 4. Flat areas.

WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.

QUARTERS COVERAGE
Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from FS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from SS SS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1.

FS

C W
Responsible for flat coverage. Wall off anything that comes T T underneath.

C M S

Responsible for flat coverage.

E

E

QB

STRENGTHS 1. Four-deep coverage. 2. Run support from safeties. 3. Ability to double cover outside receivers. 4. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties.

WEAKNESSES 1. Flat coverage. 2. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. 3. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety.

2. a. c. . Good run support to SS. crossing routes. 2. Play action passes.COVER 1 FREE FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. 3. pick routes. breaking routes. 3. Can rush five. Help in the deep middle. Tight coverage. No underneath help. WEAKNESSES 1. b. 4. Out routes.

No underneath help. Tight coverage. b. crossing routes.COVER 0 MAN C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS 1. . 2. Can rush six. a. c. 3. Good run support. 4. Pass rush. Nobody in the middle of the field deep post route. pick routes. 2. WEAKNESSES 1. breaking routes.

Basic Quarterback Reads           #1 The Slant Read #2 The Stick Read #3 The Inside Sideline Read #4 The Curl Read #5 The Sideline Read #6 The Dig Read #7 The Double Square-in Read Square#8 The Deep Out Read #9 The Deep Reads #10 Man (Single-coverage Reads) (Single- .

Look for the safeties.Quarterback Pre-snap    Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center.  Number of defenders vs. they will do it after you get under center. Number of receivers. .  Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read.  If the defense is going to shift.

At his point the QB will have a pretty good idea of where he is going to go with the ball ± this is extremely important.  Know where your hot routes are. important. .  Leverage refers to the defender¶s relationship to the receiver. Know where all the routes are going to be run.Quarterback Pre-snap    Look at the defender¶s leverage.  Look for possible blitzes. or the area of the field the defender must cover.

 If you haven¶t made a decision by the time you get to the end of your drop. ‡ For example. 3take two shuffle-steps up in the pocket max.During The Dropback  Realize you are making the final decision on where to go with the ball on your way back -. shufflemax.not at the end of your drop. before going to the contingency plan.  With the exception of a quick 3-step drop. . go to the contingency plan right away. you¶ve made a decision on where to go with the ball and you¶re waiting for the receiver to break away from the defender.

#1 The Slant Read Key flat defender. hit the flat / swing route.  If he goes flat.  If he covers the slant.  Throw away from the flat defender.  OLB. Strong Safety or CB.  . hit the slant.

 If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 ± 3) . the drop will be deeper (three-big) so (threethe QB can throw behind him. .The Slant Drop  The Quarterback¶s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender¶s leverage.  If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 ± 3) . the drop will be shallower (three-quick) (threeso the QB can throw in front of him.

SLANT .FLAT / SWING READ FS C C SS W QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .

 Vs cover 2. look to the strong-side fade strongfirst. pre Look for the flat.  Check pre-snap leverage.  Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route. then the stick.#2 The Stick Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  .

C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 3 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET "STICK" ROUTE OPEN. . LOOK AT FLAT ROUTE FIRST.

FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BIG HOLD THROW IN THE HOLE TO THE Z RECEIVER .

 Check pre-snap leverage.Sideline Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area. pre Look for the swing.#3 The Inside . then the sideline.  .  Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route.

1 C FS 1 C W E T M T S E SS QB 2 5 BIG HOLD (READ SS) TO GET TE ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT SWING ROUTE FIRST. .

 OLB. hit the flat / swing route.  .  Throw away from the flat defender. hit the curl.  If he goes flat.#4 The Curl Read Key flat defender.  If he drops to curl. Strong Safety or CB.

CURL .FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 1 SS READ C LB READ 2 QB 2 5 BIG HITCH (READ LB or SS) TO GET CURL OPEN LOOK TO SWING or FLAT FIRST .

.  OLB. the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route.#5 The Sideline Read     Vs cover 2. Strong Safety or CB. Check corner and safety alignment. Key flat defender.  If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment. throw to the stop or seam.

SIDELINE .STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ C1 B READ 2 2 SS QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .

the drag usually becomes the safest throw.  If they jump or wall the drag.  Vs. go for the dig.#6 The Dig Read Key the underneath coverage. Quarters coverage. hit the drag.  If they drop. take a look at what the linebackers are doing.  While dropping back.  .

.DIG .DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B B SS C 2 QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ INSIDE BACKER) TO GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.

DRAG READ FS C W READ M S SS C QB 7 QUICK HITCH (READ BACKERS) TO GET THE "DIG" ROUTE OPEN. LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRAG" ROUTE FIRST.DIG . .

 . square If either LB or SS takes away the deep squaresquare-in. hit the deep square-in.  If LB takes medium square-in route and SS squaretakes flat area.#7 The Double Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety. throw to the area they vacate.

RB LAST .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ 1 C B B N QB B B SS READ C 3 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO SS) TO GET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST.DEEP SQUARE-IN .

DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M READSS S C 3 QB 5 BIG HITCH (READ BACKER TO STRONG SAFETY) .

.  If the corner runs with the WR.  If the corner comes off the WR. cover 2  The flat route will hold the corner. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out. hit the flat route right away.#8 The Deep Out Read  Great route vs.

FLAT READ 1 C FS SS 1 2 LB READ READ C 2 VS COVER 3 7 BIG HITCH 7 QUICK HITCH VS COVER 2 THE FLAT ROUTE SHOULD ANCHOR THE CORNER .DEEP OUTSIDE .

FLAT READ FS C C SS W QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 BIG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFETY) .DEEP OUTSIDE .

Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions.#9 The Deep Reads     This is a timing pass. preIf you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop). . Get a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read. let the ball go 5to an underneath receiver.

. TO GET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C OUTLET C B T N B T B B OUTLET 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) LOOK TO THE SIDE THE BACK RELEASES TO (THIS WILL ANCHOR THE CORNER). HIT TE AS HE PASSES THE BACKER DROP.

 .Four Verticals Four verticals vs. Cover Three  The inside seams are the first read.  Hit the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards.  Throw away from safety coverage.  Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.

HIT SLOT AS HE PASSES THE BACKERS DROP. .DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B SS B N B B C 5 BIG HITCH (READ FREE) TO GET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST.

Incorporating More Complex QB Reads  Once the QB is aware of the fundamentals of reading zones. . the basic reads can now be incorporated into almost any number of more complex reads.

a typical pattern breakdown will go something like this: 1.) This pattern has two different types of basic reads built into it -The Deep Read. and the Dig Read. .Alert 2 FS C Alert C 1 SS W E T QB M T S E 3 As an example.

2 FS 1 SS W E T QB M T S E We will isolate and teach the Dig Read first. The progression of the pattern is based on which receiver will break open first. followed by which receiver will be open second. the pattern that is designed to open up first is the ³bait´ route. . It should be noted that in many offenses. He will stick to this read versus a typical cover four (in most cases). and so on.

He will look off the safety. If in the first three steps of his drop. he will be alert for the two deep routes. .Alert Alert C FS (Read) C SS W E T M T QB S E If the QB sees cover three with the right leverage. and make the appropriate deep throw quickly. he doesn¶t like what he sees. he will go immediately to his Dig Read ± then to his outlet or contingency plan if time permits.

the QB will know where all five of his receivers will be as he approaches the LOS. This type of teaching progression assures that the QB has every opportunity to be successful within the offensive system.C FS SS 2 C 1 W E T QB M T S E 3 Eventually. will make the appropriate read. and according to his PSR. .

What are the individual match-ups? match Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender?  Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? . What are the receiver routes?  Think about possible safety help.#10 Man (Single-coverage) Leverage Reads     Where is the blitz coming from?  Identify your hot route(s).

The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play. .FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play.

The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult time getting making the play. .FS C C QB Quick Out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth.

There is a much better throwing lane on the left. .FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. Although the corners have equal leverage. the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane.

The backer on the left side can't get into the passing lane.FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw. He is giving up the out. . The corner on the left has a inside out leverage.

. The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would most likely be pulled out of the passing lane by a flat or swing route to that side.FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route.

.C FS C B SS QB Eighteen yard comeback: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. The corner on the right is playing a little tighter. The corner on the left is playing deeper and is making sure he will not get get beat deep.

C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. . The corner on the left is playing deep outside and most likely will not bite on the post move. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is more susceptible to a counter route.

The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post.C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane. . The Free Safety should be looked off before the throw.

The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third. .C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner.

Top Gun QUARTERBACK ‡ RECEIVER SCHOOL The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads End .

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