FAUSTUS

Marlowe¶s Dr Faustus is the true representative of the Renaissance age as we find almost all the salient features of that age in the character of Dr Faustus. The Renaissance age in the positive senses rebirth or revival of knowledge and enlightenment and all at once, it carries unlimited desires, lust for infinite knowledge, power and worldly things. These features are very much present in Dr Faustus. The story of the Dr Faustus has been derived from German stories, named Faustbuch. It was a story of straightforward wickedness and well deserved punishment of Dr Faustus but Marlowe transforms this simple story into a tragedy by giving Faustus a voice with which he could examine his own state of mind and think through moral problems in detail. Marlowe creates a tragedy which makes a clear voice for understandable reasons. Through Dr Faustus, Marlowe gives his view point that unleashed ambitions lead Dr Faustus to challenge and disobey God and disastrous consequences. Marlowe¶s masterpiece doctor Faustus¶ theme is similar to that of the first play-an insatiable desire for power and adventure, though in this case the power is symbolized by learning: ³Marlowe takes old story of the medieval magician who sells his soul to the devil for twenty-four year of pleasure and the gift of all knowledge, and gives it a significance akin to such world-old myth as. The Faustus¶ legend becomes for us a symbol of humanity¶s splendid struggle to reach the stars, the tragedy of infinity of aspiration ending in agony and remorse. The most impressive thing in the play, and one which is worthy to be placed by the side of the greatest scenes in Shakespeare, is the one where the Devil comes to claim Faustus¶ soul. There are two kinds of conflict in the play: one between rival views of the nature of evil and the other between the choice of good and the choice of evil. Faustus¶ initial obstinacy makes him persist in a heroic view of evil and renders him incapable of moral reflections. In his soliloquy, Faustus says; "If we say that we have no sin We deceive ourselves, and there is no truth in us. Why then, belike, we must sin, And consequently die. Ay, we must die an everlasting death."

This also adds to a sense of realism to Faustus. cruelty and generosity. Scene 1. Faustus. a representative of each one of us. One of the features that characterize a tragic hero is that this type of character ³will mistakenly bring his own downfall´. his habit of respect of nobility and disrespect for servants directly contradicts any Christian sense of human beings as equals. the character of Dr Faustus is concerned.(Act 1. which is referred to as ³hamartia´. almost willful blindness and willingness to waste powers that he has gained at great cost. but it is also intellect that makes his ambition possible in the first place. In Marlowe¶s play. Lines 41-46:) As for as. courage and cowardice. is actually impractical in comparison with an imaginative knowledge about virtue and godliness. Faustus is the protagonist and tragic hero of Marlowe¶s play. The tragic hero. the main character must be realistic or present some sense of realism. Besides his lust for knowledge. brings his own downfall by the end of the story. Dr Faustus is filled with contradiction and so comes across as very humane. evidence can be found for a series of binary oppositions. In an ironic move. however. the main character. but he wants to know more than what he knows and also know more about other . Faustus is immensely conscious of social class. the play redefines practicality when it shows that Faustus¶s knowledge. Faustus also tries to transcend that status. he is dominated by two main character traits: intellect and ambition. especially in his ambition to better himself. the same for Oedipus and Hamlet. It is the intellect that creates doubt when ambition alone would simply carry him forward in his devilish contract. which is about the real work. Within these two. This aspect of the tragic hero is meant for the audience to relate to or feel some form of connection with the character sand the story of the play. yet prone to a strange. For one. In his opening speech. To this extend. Nevertheless. which is part of the human condition and is something that every human being does. In short. His little trick with the out-of-season grapes is no greater for having provided them for Duchess. who also make mistakes. He is capable of stupidity and intelligence. we see Faustus telling readers that he has skilled himself in law. and his ambition to be greater than human is his downfall. medicine and divinity. though probably no more so than most people of Marlowe¶s period. tremendous eloquence and possessed of awesome ambition. Faustus is a mankind figure. the main character of the play Doctor Faustus makes mistakes.

this aspect also blinds Faustus from a sense of reason and right from wrong. Faustus brings himself back to his evil purposes. Oedipus¶ fate is sealed when he refuses to see the truth. No. stabbing his eyes out. There may be some who do pity Faustus. Oedipus¶ pride blinds him from seeing truth. Though these two tragic heroes may feel some sense of guilt about their actions. This aspect of Faustus. In Sophocles¶ Oedipus Rex. Several people may feel sympathy for these two characters. If the audience and the readers pity or sympathizes with the main character. as well as the difference from right and wrong. Now go not backward.Faustus. as individuals and as a society. be resolute. the character must have some realistic features. determining to achieve the glory and power. This eventually leads Doctor Faustus to make an agreement with the devil. What boots it then to think on God or heaven? Away with such vain fancies and despair. learning and understanding more and more subjects. This aspect of Faustus¶ character and personality is similar to Oedipus. Despair in God and trust in Beelzebub. reason. This sense of realism in the tragic hero may introduce pity. which is envied by many of the writers and it is an undeniable fact that the . The same can be said of the characters Oedipus and Hamlet. We see whenever there is some kind of good interlude. Faustus. However. which leads to character¶s downfall and results in. Much like Faustus. his curiosity to learn and know more. while other may feel no pity for this character. neither Faustus nor Oedipus seem feeling some sense of guilt or responsibility of their flaw. This is a crucial aspect to the tragedy genre. and obtaining more knowledge is part of our growth and evolve as human beings. This aspect and feature is part of the human condition and adds to the realism of the character and of the play. It is impossible to like or sympathize with everyone. He has elevated this character to a height. which results in Faustus¶ downfall. may be thought of as part of the human condition and human nature and isn¶t something that is seen as wrong in our society.things. This aspect of the tragic hero of Doctor Faustus in relation to the audience and readers may vary. The fact that Faustus wants to acquire more knowledge. even when it¶s standing right in front of him. Marlow seems at his best in the portrayal of this tragic hero Dr. In order for this to occur. this may lead to suggest that the audience and readers feel some form of connection with the hero of the play. which adds to the realism of the play. Oedipus. while others won¶t sympathize with these characters at all.

character of Dr. which is memorable in the history of the English literature. In the depiction of remorse and the pangs of conscious Marlowe is the equal of Shakespeare. No Shakespeare´ . Even some of the critics are very just to remark that ³No Marlowe. Faustus is a remarkable character and is the true reflection of Marlow¶s dramatic genius and this one character has given a stature.