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The Mid-sized Widebody Race In Early This Decade
Airbus A330-200 HGW versus Boeing 787-8
Analyst: Vinay Bhaskara January 2012
Derived from the Airbus A330-200 platform which was itself a shrink of the Airbus A330-300. and how do they compare.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 2 Introduction The Boeing 767 and Airbus A330 families of aircraft are typically the smallest-sized aircraft in the intercontinental fleets of global carriers. this aircraft seats 250 passengers in a typical 2-class long haul configuration. The Airbus A330-200 HGW The latest iteration of Airbus’ popular A330 series. is the focus of this study. and a backlog of 132 planes1. and Douglas DC-10s that were far more costly to operate. In this report. from regional international service in Asia to intercontinental flights between Oceania and the US West Coast. With two-class seating capacities of between 200 and 260 seats in typical long-haul configurations and design ranges between 5. The contenders in the market today are the Airbus A330-200 HGW (high gross weight) and the Boeing 787-8. with 20 planes yet to be delivered2. the Boeing 767-300ER and the Airbus A330-200 form the backbone of global long-haul fleets today.990 and 7. on transatlantic flights between the European Union (EU) and the United States. and the oldest 767-300ER turning 26. with the oldest A330-200 turning 14 in 2012. we compare the two aircraft. Produced since 1998. Meanwhile. However.250 nautical miles (nm). or 290 using a 2-class regional configuration. These aircraft are most prevalent. November 2011 . with 623 and 437 examples currently in service. Which of the two aircraft is more optimal for meeting airline requirements for replacing the 767-300ER and current generation A330-200. and compare their advantages and disadvantages. respectively. the Airbus A330-200 has accrued 573 orders with 441 examples being delivered. Lockheed L1011s. 1 2 Source: Airbus O&D spreadsheet. November 2011 Source: Boeing O&D custom report. replacing the previous generation of Airbus A310. the Airbus A330200 HGW (high gross weight). analyse their mission capabilities. The aircraft have different capabilities with the A330-200 HGW being able to lift more payload and the 787-8 being able to fly further with a full passenger load. the Boeing 767-300ER has gained 682 orders since entering service in 1986. the question of replacing these fleets is quickly becoming an all-important question. Both of these aircraft are used over a wide range of routes. however. entered service in February 2009 with Korean Air.
HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 3 The Airbus A330-200HGW offers a few improvements over the -200 including an increased maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of 5 tonnes (11. allowing the aircraft to carry an extra 3. The Boeing 787-8 promises a 20% fuel burn improvement versus the initial Boeing 767300ER. which was in turn developed from the Airbus A340. As compared to the A330-300. with a unique construction. which will allow the aircraft to be flown on routes of up to 8.200 nautical miles (nm). Typical 2class configurations for long-haul 787s seat about 240 passengers whereas regionally configured aircraft seat about 270. Entry into service (EIS) was planned for May 2008. the A330-200 features a common wing with a stronger structure. Announced in 2003.4 tonnes (7. especially carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP).GEnx engine is also used on the Boeing 747-8.000 lbs). and utilises the fly-by-wire (FBW) flight control technology first implemented on the Airbus A320. as well as the refreshed interior which features 65% larger windows. These improvements increase the range of the aircraft to 7. higher cabin pressure. which replace the traditional bleed-air and hydraulic power systems. The 787 will be an all-new aircraft. however a myriad of delays pushed that date back to October 2011. it is the first aircraft to be made up of more than 50% composite materials.Trent 1000: derived from Trent 900 that powers the Airbus A380-800 and General Electric . The A330-200 is a mostly metal aircraft. The high gross weight version of the Airbus A330-200 originates from the initial Airbus A330-300 variant. the Boeing 787 was designed by Boeing as a replacement for the Boeing 767. but a 10 frames shorter fuselage and taller vertical stabiliser to compensate. The Boeing 787-8 The Boeing 787-8 is the initial variant of the new Boeing 787 family of aircraft.250 nautical miles (nm) when fully loaded. and LED “mood” lighting. . New engine technology for the 787-8 has been developed by both Rolls-Royce . Other new components of the aircraft include its electrical architecture.500 lbs) worth of payload or an extra 300 nautical miles (nm) in range.
RB211524H A330-200 250 290 6. Both aircraft are more capable than the Boeing 767-300ER and oldgeneration Airbus A330-200. Meanwhile. PW4000. In examining the table below.200 17. which were the backbones for many global airline fleets. GE CF6-80C2.25 233 175 119.Advantage 8 240 A330 270 ~7800 (7650-8200) 18 228 161 110 GE GEnx. The 787-8 seems to have a significant advantage over the Airbus A330-200 HGW because it provides the greatest improvement in specifications relative to the 767-300ER and Airbus A330-200.) MTOW (tonnes) MLW (tonnes) OEW (Typicaltonnes) Engines 767-300ER (WL) 225 255 5. Trent 1000 A330 787 787 A330 787 787 A330 . the Airbus A330 has had its orders split almost right down the middle between the larger -300 and the smaller -200 variants. The majority of Boeing 767 orders were for the 767-300ER.900 17. with the smaller 767-200 and larger 767400 likely to be replaced by narrowbody aircraft and larger variants of the 787 family and A350s respectively.990 15. PW4000.15 90. Trent 700 A330-200 HGW 250 290 7. Trent 700 Boeing 787.6 GE CF680E1. Specification Capacity dual class long haul Capacity dual class regional Range in nm Cabin Width (ft.5 186. with the former likely to be replaced by future variants of the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350.6 GE CF680E1. The A330-200 HGW is a larger aircraft than the other two. while the Boeing 787 has a longer range.01 PW 400094.88 145.25 238 180 119.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 4 Comparative Specifications The Boeing 787-8 and Airbus A330-200 HGW are the smallest wide-body aircraft currently in production. it appears that the 787-8 supersedes the Airbus A330-200 HGW in most categories.
and is rated to a maximum of 380 passengers. The A330-200 HGW can perform all of these functions with an additional range built in. the 767-300ER has the range to do almost every transatlantic itinerary imaginable. as well as serve West Coast-Asia flights. as well as 15-20 more passengers. 767-300ER (WL) A330-200 787-8 A330-200 HGW Figure 1. though similar in size to the 787-8. while keeping the other two categories in favour of the 787-8. In consideration of these factors.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 5 We gave the 787 the advantages in maximum landing weight (MLW) and operating empty weight (OEW). In the United States. Range Neither the 767-300ER nor the A330-200 HGW can match the range capabilities of the Boeing 787-8. Kennedy International Airport . the 767-300ER is the smallest aircraft. Capacity In typical seating configurations. we gave the maximum take-off weight (MTOW) advantage to Airbus. The following charts show competitive range for each aircraft. We understand the argument that the Airbus product’s higher weight allows it to carry a larger structural payload which is roughly 2 tonnes more. because a lighter airplane offers lower operating costs and navigation charges. while the 787-8 can serve flights to most of Asia from anywhere in the US. From New York John F. The A330-200 HGW is the largest of the three (by roughly 7%). mostly landing fees. Thus the A330-200 HGW receives the capacity nod.
From London Heathrow International Airport 767-300ER (WL) A330-200 A330-200 HGW 787-8 Figure 3. From Tokyo Narita International Airport .HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 6 767-300ER (WL) A330-200 A330-200 HGW 787-8 Figure 2.
2.56 Comparison with 767-300ER (WL) per aircraft mile -5. and the 787-8’s advantage over the other two types generally increases as stage length does. engine maintenance. using the GEnx-1B engine for the 787.100 and 4.0546 $0.17% +7. as these will not be globally applicable.0575 $0.13% Datum 787-8 A330-200 HGW 767-300ER $0.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 7 Comparative Economics The Boeing 787-8.com/2011/10/03/challenges-remain-as-boeing-787-becomes-reality/ . and Airbus A330-200 HGW all perform differently on various missions. and the RB211-524H for the 767. crew costs. Aspire Aviation. public figures released by Boeing and Airbus.aspireaviation. Our independent analysis.aspireaviation. 767-300ER.850 nautical miles (nm). 2012. as well as other independent analyses to craft these estimates. Aspire Aviation.75 $16. 3 “Boeing eyes 787 improvements along with production ramp-up”.0610 *In constant 2011 USD.4% -5. The comparison is of operating economics (Direct operating cost. 2011. It should be noted that the figures for the 787-8 are for aircraft produced after line number LN90. This pattern is visible over a broad scope of flight segments. 3rd October. since LN90 will be the first production example meeting Boeing’s original operating empty weight (OEW) and airline-specific manufacturer’s empty weight (MEW) targets3. internal company resources from the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). However. provides the following results using the best ceterus peribus comparison that we could develop given the continually evolving nature of the 787-8 for flights of 2. the 787-8 has the best seat-mile. airframe maintenance. followed by the A330-200 HGW. DOC = cash operating cost (COC) + capital cost). Generally speaking. with the 767-300ER bringing up the rear. including fuel cost.100 nm Aircraft Cost Per Seat Mile* Comparison with 767-300ER (WL) -10. as well as aircraft-mile operating economics.67 $15. 11th January.com/2012/01/11/boeing-eyes-787-improvements-along-with-productionramp-up/ “Challenges remain as 787 becomes reality”.8% Datum Cost Per Aircraft Mile* $14. European carbon trading fees under the emissions trading scheme (ETS) are specifically excluded. the PW4000 engine for the A330. Accessible at http://www. We utilised US Department of Transportation (DOT) Form 41 data. Accessible at http://www. and landing fees. neither capital cost nor the related cost of ownership for the aircraft is included due to their variable nature. a category which all new orders for the 787-8 would fall under.
From an economic standpoint. The maintenance costs still may fluctuate significantly. advantage over its competitors. surpassing the range of both the 767300ER and the A330-200 HGW.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 8 4. Conclusion The 787-8 is the longest-ranging aircraft in its class.50 Comparison with 767300ER (WL) per aircraft mile -6.01% Datum *In constant 2011 USD. and for the first time opening up the possibility of a 200-250 seat jet flying routes of up to 6. the latter is essentially sold out till 2018 or onwards.850 nm Aircraft 787-8 A330-200 HGW 767-300ER Cost Per Seat Mile* $0.000 nautical miles or more. A 10%-12% advantage in seat-mile costs can save hundreds of millions of dollars over time. even with a backlog of more than 200 aircraft.47 $16.0651 $0.69% +5. the 787 has a clear-cut.0603 $0.49% Datum Cost Per Aircraft Mile $14. the 787 is likely to be substantially cheaper to maintain than the A330. The A330-200 HGW remains the stronger aircraft with regards to payload. Airbus will have plenty of spare production capacity for the A330 until Boeing has delivery positions for the 787-8.0689 Comparison with 767300ER -12. . but given the 787’s self-healing carbon-fibre body. and heavy utilisation of advanced technologies such as the bleedless air system.52% -5. but the lighter 787 can counter with its superior operating economics. The most important redeeming factor for the A330-200 HGW is that it is available for carriers now. if somewhat less than advertised.28 $15.
8 255 128. A330-200 & 767-300ER (WL) Aircraft Distance (nm) Flight Time Fuel (US$) Maintenance (US$) Crew Costs (US$) Landing Fees (US$) Trip Cost (US$) Seats Trip Cost/Seat (US$) 787-8 2100 280 min 20183.1247059 Aircraft Distance (nm) Flight Time Fuel (US$) Maintenance (US$) Crew Costs (US$) Landing Fees (US$) Trip Cost (US$) Seats Trip Cost/Seat (US$) 787-8 4850 619 min 48301.23 225 334. Cost Analysis Between 787-8.3390208 A330-200 4850 654 min 54194.8178 767-300ER (WL) 4850 651 min 49494.3 7023 4800 600 35002.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 9 Appendix I.9 5750 4500 550 30983.13 8600 550 70161.6975862 767-300ER (WL) 2100 300 min 19851.1743556 .3 290 120.235 12710.9 270 114.365 240 292.45 250 315.45 15260 8900 600 78954.7551852 A330-200 2100 301 min 22579.23 16275 8900 520 75189.8 7500 4800 520 32671.
054 14.5 16 Cost per AircraM Mile (US$) 16.4 15.4 14.061 0.069 0.058 0.6 14.066 0.100 nm mission Aspire AviaOon Esimates 0.5 17 ComparaOve OperaOng Analysis 4.062 0.07 0.ComparaOve OperaOng Analysis HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 1 0 2.057 0.2 14.2 15.061 Cost per Seat Mile (US$) 0.062 0.850 nm mission Aspire AviaOon Esimates 0.068 Cost per Seat Mile (US$) 0.2 16.055 0.06 0.065 0.06 0.064 0.067 0.056 0.6 Cost per AircraM Mile (US$) 15.8 15 15.059 14.8 16 16.5 Series3 767-‐ Series1 787-‐8 A330-‐ 200 Series2 HGW 300ER (WL) 15 15.063 0.059 0.4 Series2 200 Series3 767-‐ Series1 787-‐8 A330-‐ HGW 300ER (WL) .
.com Copyright @ Aspire Aviation 2012. including illustrations.HOT AIR – THE MID-‐SIZED WIDEBODY RACE IN EARLY THIS DECADE 1 1 Daniel Tsang Founder & Chief Analyst firstname.lastname@example.org@aspireaviation. All Rights Reserved. in any form without the written permission of the publisher.aspireaviation.com Hong Kong ~ Singapore http://www. in whole or in part.com Tel: +852 6383 3471 Vinay Bhaskara Analyst & Editor vinay. This report cannot be reproduced.
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