LM78XX Series Voltage Regulators

May 2000

LM78XX Series Voltage Regulators
General Description
The LM78XX series of three terminal regulators is available with several fixed output voltages making them useful in a wide range of applications. One of these is local on card regulation, eliminating the distribution problems associated with single point regulation. The voltages available allow these regulators to be used in logic systems, instrumentation, HiFi, and other solid state electronic equipment. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents. The LM78XX series is available in an aluminum TO-3 package which will allow over 1.0A load current if adequate heat sinking is provided. Current limiting is included to limit the peak output current to a safe value. Safe area protection for the output transistor is provided to limit internal power dissipation. If internal power dissipation becomes too high for the heat sinking provided, the thermal shutdown circuit takes over preventing the IC from overheating. Considerable effort was expanded to make the LM78XX series of regulators easy to use and minimize the number of external components. It is not necessary to bypass the output, although this does improve transient response. Input bypassing is needed only if the regulator is located far from the filter capacitor of the power supply. For output voltage other than 5V, 12V and 15V the LM117 series provides an output voltage range from 1.2V to 57V.

Features
n n n n n n Output current in excess of 1A Internal thermal overload protection No external components required Output transistor safe area protection Internal short circuit current limit Available in the aluminum TO-3 package

Voltage Range
LM7805C LM7812C LM7815C 5V 12V 15V

Connection Diagrams
Metal Can Package TO-3 (K) Aluminum Plastic Package TO-220 (T)

DS007746-3 DS007746-2

Bottom View Order Number LM7805CK, LM7812CK or LM7815CK See NS Package Number KC02A

Top View Order Number LM7805CT, LM7812CT or LM7815CT See NS Package Number T03B

© 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation

DS007746

www.national.com

com 2 .LM78XX Schematic DS007746-1 www.national.

5 1.2 Min 11.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 4 150 (7 ≤ VIN ≤ 25) 50 (8 ≤ VIN ≤ 20) 50 (7.com .5 0.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 27) 4 120 (17.5 ≤ VIN≤ 30) 75 55 55 (15 ≤ VIN ≤ 25) 2.) TO-3 Package K TO-220 Package T 150˚C 150˚C −65˚C to +150˚C 300˚C 230˚C Electrical Characteristics LM78XXC 0˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 125˚C unless otherwise noted.0 8 80 14.0 18 72 (17.7 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 75 (20 ≤ VIN ≤ 26) 12 150 75 150 8 8.8 ≤ VIN≤ 27) 1.0 (14.5A 250 mA ≤ IO ≤ 750 mA 5 mA ≤ IO ≤ 1A. 5 mA ≤ IO ≤ 1A PD ≤ 15W. IO ≤ 1A VMIN ≤ VIN ≤ VMAX IO ≤ 500 mA.0 (17.5 1.4 (7. 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C VMIN ≤ VIN ≤ VMAX VN Output Noise Voltage Ripple Rejection f = 120 Hz TA =25˚C.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 120 (15 ≤ VIN ≤ 27) 120 (14. 12V and 15V) Internal Power Dissipation (Note 1) Operating Temperature Range (TA) 35V Internally Limited 0˚C to +70˚C Maximum Junction Temperature (K Package) (T Package) Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature (Soldering.LM78XX Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 3) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 20) 1. Input Voltage (VO = 5V. Output Voltage Input Voltage (unless otherwise noted) Symbol VO Parameter Output Voltage Conditions Tj = 25˚C. 10 Hz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz IO ≤ 1A.0 (14.5) 2.5 14.25 11. 5 mA ≤ IO ≤ 1A VMIN ≤ VIN ≤ VMAX ∆VO Line Regulation IO = 500 mA Tj = 25˚C ∆VIN (Note 2) 5V 10V Min 4.8 4. 10 sec. IOUT = 1A f = 1 kHz 3 www.0 (7.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 20) 3 50 (14.0 19 70 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C ∆VIN IO ≤ 1A Tj = 25˚C ∆VIN 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C ∆VIN ∆VO Load Regulation Tj = 25˚C 5 mA ≤ IO ≤ 1. 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C IQ ∆IQ Quiescent Current Quiescent Current Change IO ≤ 1A Tj = 25˚C 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C 5 mA ≤ IO ≤ 1A Tj = 25˚C.6 ≤ VIN ≤ 27) 60 (16 ≤ VIN ≤ 22) 12 120 60 120 8 8.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 90 54 54 (18.6 15.75 V V V mV V mV V mV V mV V mV mV mV mA mA mA mA V mA V µV dB dB V V mΩ Units 5.5 1. Tj = 25˚C or IO ≤ 500 mA 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C VMIN ≤ VIN ≤ VMAX RO Dropout Voltage Output Resistance Tj = 25˚C.5 0.75 Typ Max 5 5. please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications.5 12V 19V Typ Max 12 Min 12.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 20) 25 (8 ≤ VIN ≤ 12) 10 50 25 50 8 8.9 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 1.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 28.4 12.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 150 (17.0 (17.national.5 0.6 14.5 ≤ VIN ≤ 30) 150 (18.25 15V 23V Typ Max 15 15.0 (7 ≤ VIN ≤ 25) 40 62 62 (8 ≤ VIN ≤ 18) 2.

22 µF.5 14.LM78XX Electrical Characteristics LM78XXC 0˚C ≤ TJ ≤ 125˚C unless otherwise noted.national. Thermal resistance of the TO-220 package (T) is typically 4˚C/W junction to case and 50˚C/W case to ambient. IO = 5 mA Conditions (Note 2) (Continued) 5V 10V Min Typ Max 2. For guaranteed specifications and the test conditions.2 2.com 4 . All characteristics except noise voltage and ripple rejection ratio are measured using pulse techniques (tw ≤ 10 ms. duty cycle ≤ 5%). and a capacitor across the output of 0.1 2.4 0.5 2. IO ≤ 1A Tj = 25˚C Tj = 25˚C 0˚C ≤ Tj ≤ +125˚C.6 Min 12V 19V Typ Max 1. Output voltage changes due to changes in internal temperature must be taken into account separately.4 1. www.8 A A mV/˚C Units 7.6 17.4 1. KC) is typically 4˚C/W junction to case and 35˚C/W case to ambient.1µF. Note 2: All characteristics are measured with capacitor across the input of 0.5 Min 15V 23V Typ Max 1. see Electrical Characteristics.7 V Note 1: Thermal resistance of the TO-3 package (K. Output Voltage Input Voltage (unless otherwise noted) Symbol Parameter Short-Circuit Current Peak Output Current Average TC of VOUT VIN Input Voltage Required to Maintain Line Regulation Tj = 25˚C. Note 3: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur.

LM78XX Typical Performance Characteristics Maximum Average Power Dissipation Maximum Average Power Dissipation DS007746-5 DS007746-6 Peak Output Current Output Voltage (Normalized to 1V at TJ = 25˚C) DS007746-7 DS007746-8 Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection DS007746-9 DS007746-10 5 www.national.com .

LM78XX Typical Performance Characteristics Output Impedance (Continued) Dropout Voltage DS007746-11 DS007746-12 Dropout Characteristics Quiescent Current DS007746-13 DS007746-14 Quiescent Current DS007746-15 www.com 6 .national.

LM7812CK or LM7815CK NS Package Number KC02A 7 www.com .LM78XX Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Aluminum Metal Can Package (KC) Order Number LM7805CK.national.

As used herein: 1. (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described. can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user.national.com National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications. LM7812CT or LM7815CT NS Package Number T03B LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: ap.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: europe.support@nsc. or (b) support or sustain life.com www. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which.LM78XX Series Voltage Regulators Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) TO-220 Package (T) Order Number LM7805CT.support@nsc. .com Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: support@nsc.

.DatasheetCatalog.com Datasheets for electronic components.This datasheet has been downloaded from: www.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful