# Bridge Engineering

(SE-507) (SE-

Lecture 4
Dr. Azhar
Spring 2012

Department of Civil Engineering
University of Engineering and Technology Lahore, Pakistan

These diagrams are used to compute the maximum response at a given section in the structures. 2 . such as bridges. and systems where loads move across spans. They are represented by a unit load of variable position at a given point in the structural system..Bridge Engineering Influence Lines Influence lines are graphical representations of the effect of moving loads (live loads) in structural systems. industrial crane rails. Influence lines play a primery role in structures subjected to moving load.

Bridge Engineering Influence Line for Vertical Reaction Ay Apply unit-load at an arbitrary position x ILD of Ay 3 .

25L x Ay = 1− L x Vc = A y − 1 = − L 0.Bridge Engineering Influence Line for Shear at 0.25L ≤ x ≤ L x Ay = 1− L x Vc = A y = 1 − L 4 .25L Apply unit-load along the beam and compute shear just before and after 0.25L Before 0.25 L After 0.25 L 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.

25L x 1− L x 1.0 x − L 5 .Bridge Engineering Influence Line for Shear at 0.

= − = (L − x )  L 2 2 2 2 x 2 0.5L  x L L  x M D = 1 − .Bridge Engineering Influence Line for Moment at 0.25L 1 (L − x ) 2 x 6 . − 1. − x  =  L 2 2  2  x L L x 1 M D = 1 − .

Bridge Engineering Loading Maximum Effects After developing the influence line for a specific effect (reation. the maximum effect can be found by positioning the live load on the beam which will yield the maximum value of the function. Concentrated Load Ay = Load x ordinate of influence line  x A y = P.1 −   L Ay is max. with P at x = 0. shear or moment). = P x 1 = P 7 .

the maximum effect is obtained by multiplying the area under the influence line by intensity of the uniform load.Bridge Engineering Loading Maximum Effects Uniform Load In case of a distributed load. 8 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .

CES 5325 Lecture 3 .