BANDAGING TECHNIQUES

Godofredo Calsado Nicanor Macaballug

OBJECTIVES • Recognize the uses and applicative procedure of the triangular bandage in open phase and cravat phase. • Discuss practically and apply the step-by-step procedures through the illustrations given the uses and application of the triangular bandage in two phases.

MOTIVATION Is there anyone among you who encountered or experienced an incident/accident involving a continuous flow of blood from the inflicted wound? what did you do? Are you not aware that handkerchief or your shirts could be of help to control the continuous flow of the blood from the wound of the victim? DISCUSSIONS Triangular Bandage Triangular bandage are usually made of muslin. They can be made by simply cutting it diagonally the 60 inch square of a piece of cloth, thereby, making two triangular bandages. The longer side of the triangular bandage is called the base with both corners called ends and the corner opposite to the base is called apex.

141

crossing them over the apex and bring it back towards the forehead and tie it in square knot.Open Phase Bandaging A. apply with dressing) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 In applying open phase With the hem positioned on bandage for the head. then bring the apex up and tuck it in over and in the bandage where it should cross at the back of the head. at the same time allowing the apex to fall over the head and down over at the back of the head. STEP – 4 Firmly hold the compress portion by a hand with the other hand gently pulling down gently the apex making the compress snug. make a hem by the outside. put the middle portion folding about 2 inches from the base of the bandage’s base on the forehead just half a finger above the eyebrows. HEAD – Steps in applying open phase bandage to the head (Applied when there is wound on top of the head. B. 142 . CHEST – Steps in applying open phase bandage to the chest. STEP – 3 Put the ends of the triangular bandage at the back of the head of about half of an inch above the ears.

of the victim and tie it in square knot. ARMSLING – Steps in applying open phase arm sling bandage (Applied when there is fracture on either left or right forearm of the 143 . C.(Applied when there is wound on either right or left chest of the victim STEP – 1 STEP – 2 Position the triangular Gently pull the apex and the bandage on the top of the dressing of other end of the bandage passing the chest with the apex just below the around the armpit towards the back armpit. be sure to leave extra length for extra tying. STEP – 4 Tie the handkerchief to the extra remaining end of either apex or end corner in square knot. STEP – 3 Extend the other end of the bandage at the top of the shoulder by tying additional handkerchief to it in cravat using square knot.

D. UNDER ARMSLING – Steps in making under Arm sling bandage using the open phase. (Applied when there is dislocation on either left or right elbow of the 144 .STEP – 1 victim) STEP – 2 Bring the lower ends of the triangular bandage (positioned below) over the arm at the top of the shoulder around the back of the neck over Put the apex of the triangular bandage below the armpit with one of the two (2) ends at the top of the shoulder. STEP – 3 Tie both ends using the square knot and twists the apex and tuck the corner of the sling at the elbow.

E. STEP – 3. HAND – Steps in making open phase bandage to the hand. (Applied when there is burned on the hand) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 145 .STEP – 1 victim) STEP – 2 Bring the lower end of the triangular bandage over the arm passing through under the armpit towards the back of the neck. place the apex corner of the triangular bandage below the armpit with one of the two (2) ends at the top of the shoulder. Same with step – 1 of the arm sling. Tie both ends at the bandage using the square knot.

Place the wounded hand in the middle portion of the triangular bandage. Also. be sure that the finger are separated from each other by inserting absorbent materials in between fingers. 146 . be sure that the wrist is aligned at the base of the bandage. STEP – 3 STEP – 4 Bring one of the ends on the The same as step – 3 bring the top of the hand and take it around other end on the top of the hand the wrist. the process will prevent the fingers from chaffing and skin irritation. around the wrist. Cover the fingers by placing the apex on top of the hand and tuck the excess parts of the bandage underneath the fingers and form pleats on every side of both ends as illustrated.

tuck –in protruding corners of the bandage. 147 . Following the illustration. STEP – 4 At the back of the head. (Applied when there is wound at the back of the victim’s head) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 Hold the apex of the bandage at open phase and make an overhand knot at around three (3) to four (4) inches from the end corner of the apex as illustrated. cross both end corners and tie it in square knot. Slightly pull both end corner of the bandage rolling it over the hand covering the two (2) fingers and again pull both ends gently towards the back of the head. Using the overhand knot at the apex as a reference point. HEAD – Steps in applying open phase bandage on the head of the victim. STEP – 3 Instruct the victim to put his/her hand aligned to the throat with two (2) fingers pointing the chin. F. roll down gently both side of the bandage right at the back of the victim’s ears. Once tied. place it on the top center of the victims’ head.STEP – 5 Tie both ends using the square knot and hide ends by inserting it to the bandage.

the bandage is called a cravat phase.Cravat Phase Bandage A triangular bandage can be folded into a strip for easy application during emergencies. When folded as illustrated below. 148 . Cravat Phase Bandage A. Cross both ends of the bandage and gently pull and wrap them in opposite directions around the head as illustrated. HEAD – Steps in applying a cravat bandage to the head (Applied when the victim has wound on the forehead) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 Cover the wound with a dressing and place the middle of the bandage over the wound as illustrated below. How to make a cravat: Procedure: Following the illustration through steps put the apex of the triangular bandage to the middle of the base and continue folding until two (2) inches width is obtained as illustrated.

(Applied when there is wound or injury in either of the victim’s eye. Bring the other end at the back of the head below the ear of the opposite side.STEP – 3 As illustrated below. B. 149 . make sure also not to cover the uninjured eye . Cross both ends of the bandage and gently pull wrap in opposite direction as illustrated. EYE – Steps in applying a cravat bandage to the eye.) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 Apply a dressing to the affected eye and place the middle of the bandage over the wound (as illustrated) and slant the bandage and be sure that it is inclined. tie both ends in square knot. making sure that it is fully tight.

(Applied when there is vertical wound on either right or left palm of the victim.STEP – 3 Tie both ends of the bandage either above or lower the wounds (compress area) in square knot and tuck in the excess ends into the bandage. C.) 150 . OPEN PALM – Steps in applying a cravat bandage to the open palm.

gently and slightly pull it downward across the palm. STEP – 4 Take both ends to the back of the wrist of the hand and roll them crossing each other. 151 .STEP – 1 Apply a dressing to the wounded area and lay the mid of the cravat bandage over the palm with the ends hanging on both sides as illustrated. STEP – 2 Bring the end of the cravat from the little finger across back of the hand rolling it upward over the base of the thumb. STEP – 3 Hold the thumb end of the cravat and roll it across the back of the hand and pull it over the palm towards the hollow portion of the palm in between the thumb and the palm. and then roll them up over the wrist and cross the both ends again.

(Applied when there is sprain on either right or left elbow of the victim) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 To apply cravat bandage to the As illustrated. 152 . D.STEP – 5 Roll both ends at the back of the hand and tie with a square knot at the top of the wrist. cross both bandage ends and gently rolled extending both ends downward. ELBOW – Steps in applying cravat bandage to either right or left elbow.

(Applied when there is wound in either right or left knee of the victim. KNEE – Steps in applying a cravat bandage to the knee. E. STEP – 3 Roll both ends gently around the arm and pull both ends opposite the elbow and tie it in square knot.) STEP – 1 STEP – 2 153 .elbow. bend the arm to approximately 90 degrees and at the elbow and place the mid-portion of the cravat bandage at the elbow bringing and holding the ends of the bandage upwards as illustrated.

F. tie both ends tightly opposite the knee in square knot. at the same time pull both ends. (Applied when there is a fractured jaw or wound on the ear of the victim) 154 . bandaging the elbow.To apply cravat bandage to the Cross both bandage ends knee as illustrated below used the and gently rolled extending both same steps and technique applied in ends downwards. Bend the leg to approximately 90 degrees at the knee and place the middle of the cravat bandage at the upper portion of the knee bringing and holding both ends of the bandage downward. JAW OR EAR – Steps in applying cravat bandage on the jaw or ear of the victim. STEP – 3 After rolling the bandage. and tuck in the remaining ends.

TEST – Bandaging Techniques Name ________________________________ Major ___________________ 155 . STEP – 4 Cross both ends and tie them in square knot.STEP – 1 Put one third (1/3) of the bandage on the wounded area or below the chin and gently pull both ends upward. one end along the forehead and the other end at the back of the head. making sure that the other side of the bandage is two thirds (2/3) and the other is one third (1/3). Protruding corners must be inserted or tucked in. STEP – 2 Roll the two third end of the bandage over the top of the head pulling it towards the one third end at the temple and cross both ends as illustrated STEP – 3 Gently roll at the same time slightly pull both ends in opposite direction.

end d. armpit b. step no. 1 position the triangular bandage on the top of the dressing of the chest with the apex just below the __________. apex b. b. gauze d. elastic wraps The longer side of the triangular bandage is called___________ with both corners called end. hem c. 4 states to firmly hold the compress portion by a hand. end b. a. a. elbow c. a. Triangular bandage is usually made of ______________. a. requires to tie both ends using the square knot and twist the __________and tuck the corner of the sling at the elbow. cloth _______2. base d. hem In applying open phase bandage to the head. hem d. b. Write the best answer for each questions. Step 2 of the underarm sling open phase. muslin c. Step 3 of the arm sling open phase. arm d. all of the above _______6. make a _________by folding about 2 inches from the base. apex b. cut _______4. Direction: Choose the letter of the best answer which you think is correct and write the letter of your choice on the blank provided before the number of the item question. In applying open phase bandage to the head. a. states that to bring the lower end of the triangular bandage over the arm under the________ towards the back of the neck. hen c. wrist 156 . elbow d. base _______5. using the other hand gently pull down the __________making the compress snug. In applying open phase bandage to the chest. a. base c. step no. corner c. a. none of the above _______3.Date ____________ Section _____________________ Score ___________ MULTIPLE CHOICE. fold d. _______1. armpit c. neck b. apex _______7.

elbow b. 3 inches d. a. a. 4 steps b. In applying cravat phase bandage to the head. 2. palm _______15. There are how many steps in applying cravat phase bandage to the eye? a. In applying cravat phase bandage to the open palm. inward b. fold b. bend the arm to approximately _____ degrees at the elbow and place at the middle of the cravat bandage by bringing and holding the ends of the bandage upwards. tuck _______10. knot c. a. 60 degrees d._______8. a. 5 steps c. none of the above _______9. 45 degrees b. 6 steps _______13. 2 inches _______11. 2. dressing b. To apply cravat phase bandage to the elbow.5 inches b. a. a. arm d. 90 degrees c. sideward d. elastic wraps d. The prescribed width of the cravat phase is __________? a. 75 degrees 157 . states to cover the fingers by placing the apex on top of the hand and tuck the excess parts of the bandage underneath the fingers and form a ______________ on every side of both ends. Step 2 of the hand bandage open phase. downward _______14. elbow c. pleats d. gauze c. wrist c. the square knot tie must be at the top of the __________. arm b. and roll it ________ across the palm. cover the wound with a ________ and place the middle of the bandage over the wound. wrist d. upward c. Step 1 of the hand bandage open phase. cloth _______12. bring the end of the cravat at the little finger across back of the hand rolling it upward over the base of the thumb. In applying cravat phase bandage to the palm. prescribed to place the wounded hand in the middle portion of the triangular bandage and be sure that the _______ is align at the base of the bandage. 3 steps d.75 inches c.

chaffing and skin disorder _______21. base b. 5 steps b. 3 steps _______20. chopping and skin disorder c._______16. a. pleats d. 6 step b. Arm sling open phase bandage has ______ steps to be followed. end b. a. apex. chaffing and skin irritation d. slide c. chopping and skin irritation b. states to put the ends of the triangular bandage around the back of the head 158 . 4 steps c. The purpose of inserting absorbent materials in between fingers is to prevent the fingers from________ and _________. base. corner c. square knot c. corner _______24. middle _______23. The four (4) parts of the triangular bandage are… a. none of the above _______19. end. rolled c. base. base. a. down over at the back of the head. a. eight knot b. apex. apex. overhand knot d. pushed b. a. base. wrap _______18. step 2 states to cross both bandage ends and gently ____________ extending both ends downwards. bow knot _______22. 3 steps c. end d. end d. 6 steps d. apex b. end. a. corner. apex d. 5 steps _______17. The number of steps in applying cravat phase bandage to the open palm. Step 1 in cravat phase bandage to the knee bringing and holding the ends of the bandage downward. Step 3 in open phase bandage to the head. and place the middle of the bandage’s base on the forehead just half a finger above the eyebrows at the same time allowing the _______ to fall over the head. apex. 4 steps d. corner c. corner. In applying cravat bandage to the knee. Step 2 in applying open phase bandage to the head required them to be positioned outside. a. The proper or commonly used knot in the two phases of triangular bandage is ________________.

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 1988. none of the above _______25. Field Manual: First for soldiers. ear b. additional ________ is necessary in order to complete the bandaging process. D. Handbook on First Aid 159 . a. roller gauze b.C. In applying open phase bandage to the chest.above the _________. and tie it in square knot. a. anchor bandage c. eyebrow c. eye d. cross them over the apex. all of the above BIBLIOGRAPHY HEADQUARTERS. bring it back towards the forehead. Washington. Philippine National Red Cross. handkerchief d.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful