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Equilibrium Requires...

2.1

Force is a vector.

It requires specifying a direction as well as a magnitude to deﬁne a force. web

A B W

C

Each string experiences a tensile force. The weight is due to, is, a gravitational force.For equilibrium, the resultant of all forces acting upon the weight, as a particle, must be zero.

FA

tensile forces B

FC

a weight

W

R

The resultant of two forces is the diagonal of the parallelogram formed by the two force vectors as sides. E.g., The resultant should be vertical since, for equilibrium, the resultant of all three forces must vanish. FA+FC+ W = 0

demo

FA

FC

B

Engineering Mechanics for Structures

Copyright 1997, L. L. Bucciarelli

Revised 12/17/

Bucciarelli Revised 12/17/01 . You know from your studies in physics of the dynamics of bodies other than particles. in contact with another. moving up over the ledge of height h is given by R • h φ F ⁄ W = tan φ . When will the block slide down the plane? demo W 2. about how they twist and turn. Exercise Show that the force required to just start the lawn roller. of radius R and weight W. and always in a sense to oppose motion.2 Concept of Moment Force is not enough. It acts at a surface of a body. L. that you must speak about their rotation as well as translation through space. parallel to the surface. L. where cos φ = 1 – ( h ⁄ R ) Engineering Mechanics for Structures Copyright 1997.Friction is another kind of force.

namely For an isolated system subject to but three forces. Hence the reaction of the ground upon the roller acts at the bump alone. Note the phrase just start. That is. shown as N and N x y. F R cosφ = W R sinφ So F/W = tan φ demo Engineering Mechanics for Structures Copyright 1997. the horizontal force applied along the handle by the child laborer (note the frictionless pin fastening the handle to the roller). This is a consequence of another rule. and the components of the reaction force at the bump.F Nx W Ny Isolate the system – the roller – showing all the forces acting upon it. the three forces must be concurrent.. L.. If we take moments about the point of contact at the bump we have. their lines of action must all run together and intersect at a common point. L. These include the weight acting downward through the center of the roller. Bucciarelli Revised 12/17/01 . This implies there is no contact with the ground at any other point than at the bump. a three force system. Furthermore it must pass through the center of the roller.

Bucciarelli Revised 12/17/01 .Engineering Mechanics for Structures Copyright 1997. L. L.

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