Any Engine is a machine which converts heat energy into mechanical energy.

Internal combustion engine are those engines where the fuel is burnt inside the combustion chamber/inside the engine cylinder itself. Š Eg: Diesel engines and Petrol engines.


Its major function is to provide space in which the piston can operate to draw in the fuels mixture or air comprises it. allow it to expand and thus generate power. .It constitutes the basic and supporting portion of the engine power unit.

This is the First part of the engine to begin the movement and to transmit power to the crankshaft as a result of the pressure and energy generated as a combustion of the fuel. .

.Crankshaft converts the reciprocating motion of the piston into rotary motion of Flywheel. It is the backbone of the engine and is made of high carbon steel by forging process.

Š Flywheel:it is mounted over the helps to store energy during power stroke & returns back same energy during idle strokes. .Š Valves:a small mechanical device used for opening & closing the cylinder passage.

FLY WHEEL valves .

. This is also called as wrist pin or gudgeon pin.Š The connecting rod is connected to the piston through the piston pin.

.This Is the connection between the piston and crankshaft.

.Piston rings are used on piston to maintain gas tight seal between piston and cylinder to assist in cooling the piston and to control cylinder wall lubrication.

combustion chamber and forms a suitable cover to the cylinder. valves.Cylinder head Houses sparkplug. .



IC ENGINE converts the reciprocating motion of the piston into rotatory motion of the crankshaft by means of connecting rod. .


When the piston reaches the bottom of its stroke the inlet valve closes to prevent any escape of the fuel.The suction/induction stroke: The piston moves down inlet valve open.1. Therefore the fuel is trapped inside the cylinder. .exhaust valve closed.this downward movement of the piston creates a partial vaccum inside the cylinder causing fuel/air mixture to rush in through the inlet valve passage.

this space is usually provided by having the underside of the cylinder head suitable shaped.slightly concave.The compression stroke: The piston moves up. This upwad movement compresses the fuel/air mixture into a small space at the top of the cylinder.the inlet valve is closed.the exhaust valve is closed. .

.The power stroke: When the piston is at the top of the compression stroke with both valves closed. this provides the power.a spark is arranged to take place across the point of a spark plug which protrudes partly inside the combustion space. This spark immediately set fire to the mixture which burns and expands and in doing so forces down the piston.

.The exhaust stroke: The piston moves up the cylinder again. the inlet valve is closed the exhaust valve is open. Here only 3rd stroke works & remaining strokes help the power stroke to work. This completes a cycle. This upward movement pushes the burnt gases out through the exhaust valve outlet and to the atmosphere.



Power Stroke is produced due to compression of the air that enter inside the cylinder space.Here unlike spark ignition engine we use air instead of fuel. .

Compression ignition engine .




Submitted by. TKRCET. B.Tech. V. 2nd year (ECE).HARSHITA. .