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Child Friendly Space Handbook Final Version 7 Oct 08

Child Friendly Space Handbook Final Version 7 Oct 08

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Published by: Teachers Without Borders on Feb 08, 2012
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Child Friendly Spaces often operate in complex conditions. Many obstacles exist in getting a
project up and running, including time pressures, chaotic settings and increasing numbers of
children attending. Under such conditions, monitoring and evaluation can be seen as time-
consuming and wasteful of resources that can be used in implementation. However, without
ongoing monitoring and evaluation, activities can easily be misdirected and miss important
opportunities to make lasting impact in the lives of children. Monitoring and evaluation are
central to any project and should be included from the beginning.

Monitoring and evaluation are important for a number of reasons:
• They provide accountability to beneficiaries and donors,
• They improve the quality of the program by suggesting areas for ongoing
• They ensure that the learning from the program can be fed into broader initiatives.

Implementation Tools and Resources
• For information on some of the important principles of monitoring and evaluation
(participatory and culturally appropriate, informed consent and feedback, and
confidentiality and data security), see Annex 29 – Important Principles of Monitoring
and Evaluation.

6.2 Main Components of Monitoring and Evaluation: Output, Outcome and
Impact Measures

Monitoring is an ongoing process to regularly assess progress and guide Child Friendly
Spaces implementation. It allows for periodic corrections and improvements to the
intervention. Monitoring helps you see if your Child Friendly Spaces are doing what you
want them to do on a day-to-day basis. For example, monitoring can help you to determine
whether or not you established Child Friendly Spaces as planned, if children are attending,
and if staff is performing duties as instructed.

Evaluation occurs at key decision points, such as at the midpoint or end of an intervention,
and seeks to understand whether or not a Child Friendly Space has achieved its main
objectives. Evaluation helps you examine how successful a Child Friendly Space has been in
achieving its intended results for children.

You can assess the success of your project on three levels, ranging from the most immediate
project outputs to intermediate project outcomes and, less commonly, to longer-term
impacts. The difference between outputs, outcomes, and impacts is important to emphasize,

17 Two main sources inform much of the content of this section and related annexes: Duncan, Joan and
Arntson, Laura (2004). Children in Crisis: Good Practices in Evaluating Psychosocial Programming, accessed at
protection/Good_Practices_in_Evaluating_Psychosocial_Programming.pdf, and Boothby et al (2006).
Assessment and Evaluation of Psychosocial Programming for Crisis-Affected Children: A Good Practice Initiative.


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especially since people often confuse the terms. An effective evaluation of a Child Friendly
Space should look at the output and outcome level at a minimum. Assessing impact may be
beyond the scope and capacity of the intervention and the staff. You should make decisions
about evaluation according to the context.

Implementation Tools and Resources
• Annex 30 – Important Components of Monitoring and Evaluation

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