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Published by: Milan Parida on Feb 08, 2012
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Presented By: Aditya Ranjan Jena

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Introduction What is current generation network Why Next Generation networks required What is NGN NGN Architecture NGN Advantages & Services Conclusion

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PSTN was designed to carry voice. Demand for data communication developed Rather than replacing PSTN, operators built new network for data communication. As network technology continued to develop, no. of network multiplied gradually. As a result, today many operators have typically 5 to 10 different platforms (ATM, IP, Frame Relay, ISDN, PSTN, X.25 etc). The problem with this multi network approach is that it has created a web of complexities resulting in management complexity, operational inefficiencies, smaller economies of scales, maintenance issues.



A Next Generation Network (NGN) is a packetbased network able to provide various Telecommunication Services to users. NGN is the frame work where operator will have a common transport network based on IP for providing all kind of telecommunication services.

GSM & CDMA Customers Customers .Local Exchanges Level-I & II TAX Switches SDH/DWDM Network Level-I & II TAX Switches Local Exchanges.

` ` ` ` ` ` Level-I TAXs at 21 locations (LDCAs) Level-II TAXs at 301 locations (LDCAs). Total No. of LDCCs ± 322 Tandem / Transit Switches at Big Cities / SDCC locations (2325 locations) Total No. of SDCCs 2647 Switches based on the principle of Circuit Switching .

BSCs. BTSs etc.` ` ` Having MSCs. Packet core network consisting of SGSN and GGSN The connectivity with the PSTN only at Level-I TAX ` ` Having NIB nodes at circle/SSA/SDCA level Connectivity at local exchange level .


Broadband Internet deployment shows a rapid growth trend. Mobile Fixed Broadband . As per a statistical result IP traffic increases 10 fold every year while voice traffic is relatively flat.Changing Telecoms Trends ‡ ‡ ‡ Fixed line usage is reducing dramatically for ³classical´ services Mobile use is increasing steadily even though penetration is already high.

Problems of Existing network ‡ Slow to develop new features and capabilities. ‡ Limited migration strategy to new tech. ‡ Expensive upgrades and operating expenses. ‡ Large power and cooling requirements. .

What Operators want? ‡ More and more customers to increase their revenue. ‡ Reduced cost of the network or infrastructure. ‡ Fast deployment of new services for more revenue. .

‡ New products . ‡ Reduced cost of the network.What Vendors want? ‡ More customers (operators) to increase their revenue.

Bundled services from one operator Personlisation of the services Freedom/Mobility. .What customer wants? ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ New services at less cost. Value for his money. Simplicity.


.In other words CONVERGENCE is the need of the hour.

This requirement of Convergence and fast deployment of new services gives birth to NGN or NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS .

Next Generation Networks Present Day Networks Next Generation Networks (NGN) Internet Workstation Workstation Gateways Wireless Telephone System Integrated Services Over IP Evolving towards IP Communications .

NGN Concept Customer OSS OSS OSS OSS OSS Mobile NB Voice WAN Private Data Internet Video Customer OSS MPLS Core Services Edge Multi-service Aggregation Deep Access Today ‡ Each service has its own network ‡ Migrate New Service Network Seamless service linkage ± ‡ ‡ Multiplied operational costs No service interaction ± ‡ All services over any access Unified management structure Each network managed separately One network for any service ± ± ‡ Multiple customer profiles Single customer profile .

NGN :Definition (As per ITU) ‡ NGN is a packet based network which is able to provide multimedia telecom services and able to make use of multiple broadband. . QoS enabled transport technologies in which service related functions are independent from underlying transport related technologies.

offers service providers and operators a platform which can evolve in a step-by-step manner to create. .NGN :Definition (As per ETSI) ‡ NGN is a concept for defining and deploying networks. deploy and manage innovative services. which due to their formal separation into different layers and planes and use of open interfaces.

NGN: Definition ‡ NGN is a collection of technologies which shall provide convergence for voice. data and video services. IP. GSM all can be used. Voice shall also be transported through packet switching.e. ‡ NGN is a framework of services for next 4-5 years which shall use packet switching as the core transport and shall be access agnostic i. wireless. CDMA. all types of access like fixed . .

.‡ NGN is a collection of new technologies which allows service providers a great flexibility to offer a variety of new services ³Cost effectively´ ‡ In NGN basically the switching and call intelligence functions are separated.

NGN Concept w.t. Voice Services Central Office Switch NGN Components Call Control Call Server Switching IP/MPLS Interfaces Gateways SDH Transport with Overlay packets for data Common IP MPLS Transport .r.

NGN Architecture .

NGN Architecture Application Management Control Transport Access .

NGN ² a layered architecture Brings intelligence in every layer Application Layer Service Control Layer Transport Layer PSTN Media Gateways Multiservice Packet Switching Control Bearer Application Services Internet Softswitch Control IP Service Switching Broadband Access RAS DSLAM GbE Frame/ ATM X ACCESS NETWORK X National Optical X X X Metro Optical X X X X X CPE Wireless CORE NETWORKS .

‡ Transport Layer: The backbone network and the techniques for transport. MGC is also called SOFTSWITCH or Call Server or Call Agent. LMDS.‡ Access Layer: Combines all the access technologies like POTS. HFC. It comprises of the equipment that manages signaling (SGW) and call handling (Media Gateway Controller). . It is IP backbone. ADSL etc. ISDN. GSM/UMTS. ‡ Control Layer: This layer controls call handling.

Any service can be introduced with the help of server at any time without any modification in the control. Enhanced services to the subscriber will be provided with help Application server.‡ Application Layer: Responsible for OSS/BSS. transport or access. . ‡ Management Layer: It spans over all the other layers and it comprises of all the management equipment.

Gateways ‡ Media Gateway: It performs task of packetizing voice and media termination i. It supports STP functions to the network. .e. ‡ Signaling Gateway: It acts as a bridge to PSTN. It performs following function: Media conversion Resource allocation Event Notification ‡ Access Gateway: It is used for termination of line side interfaces. provide connectivity from switched circuits to packetized circuits.

.323: It defines a distributed architecture for creating multimedia applications. and terminate multimedia communication sessions in a centralized communications system. including VoIP. ‡ MGCP : The Media Gateway Control Protocol is a control protocol that uses text or binary format to setup. ‡ SIP: The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application-layer control protocol for multimedia communication over IP network.‡ H. manage.

‡ H.248 : It is used as a media gateway control protocol between a Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateways (MG). ‡ SIGTRAN : Signaling Transport is used for transport of switched circuit network (SCN) signaling over IP networks. .

‡ No maintenance of proprietary switching systems.Advantages of NGN ‡ One infrastructure is required. ‡ Fewer call controlling entities in the network so less capital and operating cost. ‡ One backbone for voice and data services instead of two parallel ones. . ‡ Easier configuration of equipment. ‡ Fast advanced and new services deployment is possible.

In NGN era there is a talk about EOIP which means Everything over IP. . That means you can provide any service through NGN platform based on IP.

The value proposition of NGN Self-managing Revenue-generating Demand-oriented Networks TDMTechnology Applications Infrastructure Revenues per Line OPEX per line NGN IPTechnology TDMTechnology Costs per connection NGN IPTechnology NGN IPTechnology TDMTechnology Network size Time Time Reduced number of managed nodes & self-routed IP backbone Innovative applications through common IP denominator Internet volumes and technological advancements reduce IP costs .

SERVICES PROVIDED IN NGN ‡ Voice Telephone Services: NGN supports all existing PSTN/PLMN voice telephony services like call forwarding. Messaging Services: NGN supports both real time and non-real time messaging services for fixed and mobile networks. ‡ ‡ ‡ . applications sharing interactivity etc. Multimedia Services: these services allow consumers to converse with each other while displaying visual information. centrex services. Data Services: These include file transfer. www. various IN services and value aided services. call waiting.

All members can hear the speech from others. . ‡ Virtual Private Networks (VPNs):It improve multiple location networking capabilities of business by allowing large organizations to combine their existing private network . ‡ Number Portability: It provides the end users to retain existing directory numbers while moving from one physical location to another of from one service provider to another.‡ Push-to-Talk over NGN (PoN): µPush¶ operation refers to service initiated data transmissions to members of a group.

‡ Broadcasting/Multicasting Service: These services involve transmission of data to many users simultaneously. . allowing efficient use of bandwidth. like TV broadcast.

The driving focuses for NGN are: ‡ Integrating network resulting in huge network cost saving ‡ Reduction in operation costs. .Conclusion NGN development in India is still at an early stage through core network are in advance process of NGN transition and market is ready for IP based one network competition. reduced time to roll out new services ‡ Ease in offering new services and fixed-mobile convergence.

Faster speed.The benefits to the subscribers are: ‡ Reduced call charge ‡ New innovative services ‡ Single connection and bill for voice ‡ Better QoS. . Considering the benefits and services provided by NGN it is clear that it will change the telecom sector drastically. Availability of bandwidth on demand etc.

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