Bai giang sA 15

BA

autJNli

CONIC

Bai giang nay d~ c~p d~n phuong phap giai cac bai toan v~ elip, hypebol va parabol la ba duong conic duoc d~ c~p d~n trong hinh hoc giai tich phang trong nha tnrong ph6 thong hi~n nay. So vai cac bai toan v~ duong thang, duong trim, cac bai roan v~ ba duong conic tuy co m~t khong nhi~u trong cac d~ thi tuy~n sinh rnon Toan trong nhung nam 2002-2009, nhung no la mQt trong nhirng chu d~ khong th~ thi~u duoc trong vi~c on luyen thi rnon Toan vao cac tnrong Dai hQC, Cao dAng hi~n nay.

§1. I.)J> PHUONG TRINH cAc DUONG CONIC vA TIM cAc YEUT6 CVA N61
Phuong phap giai cac bai t~p thuoc loai nay la phai thuQc cac dang plurong trinh chinh titc cua cac dirong conic, thuoc cac cong tlnrc lien quan d~n conic nhu each tinh ban kinh qua tieu ... Till dl;l 1: (Di II'; luyin slnl: D{li I,pc kl,Ji A-2008) Cho elip voi tam sai e = ~ va hlnh chu nMt co

sa cua no co chu vi bang 20.

Vi8t phuong trlnh chinh titc cua elip.

Giii
2

Elip co phuong trinh chlnh rAc la: .;. a Ttl gia thi8t, ta co: . c c2 e=-=-~-=a 3 a2 Hinh chu nh~t co

+.;. b
2

= I . (I)

J5

sa

5 b2 4 b2 =-~-=-~-=(doa>O, b>O). 9 9 a2 9 a3 cua elip co hai canh la 2a, 2b. Ttl gia thi~t, ta co: 2a + 2b + 20 ~ a + b = 10. 5 ~
a2

a2

b2

V~y co h~ phuong trlnh sau d~ xac dinh a, b: {~: ~= 10 <'> {:: . Thay
VIlO

~
2

a

3
2

(I) ta thdy elip co phuong trinh chinh rAc la : !5._ + L = I . 9 4

I djnh nghi~ cac tinh chit co ban cua ba duong conic, ban dOCco the tim thiy trong moi SGK Hinh hOClap 10. 0 day, chung toi bi>qua va khong nhac l\li chi ti~t phdn nay.

va

272

bi~t r~ng A. Ghii 2 Gici Slr elip (E) co phuong trinh chinh t~c: . u0 iem can ttm co toa d"I'a: \) va A(3. -Yo) la hai di~m thuoc (E) va d6i xirng nhau qua true hoanh (co th~ gia Slr Yo> 0). -4J3) . I) <=> (E)nen co: ~ + ~ = I.x2 l Trong m~t phang toa 09 cho diem C(2. . Vi ABC Ia tam giac d~u..= 1.Yo = -7-' 2 O 0Yo> 0" nen Xo=7. 4 4 2 2 = 1 (2) .. Yo) va B(xo.. 7' 7 7' 7 Till dfl3: Lap phuong trinh chinh t~c cua elip (E) bi~t r~ng elip co tam 0. B E (E). Tim hai 4 4 li~m A. B d6i xirng voi nhau qua true hoanh va ABC la tam ~iac d~u. 2 b Vi M(-J). 2 Tir h~ (I )(2) ta d~ dang suy ra Xo= 2. Khi do AB = 2yo.= 3 e Vi th~ b2 =a2 _c2 c =3c-c2• (2) (3) ~ + 21 a a-c {2 a =3c.J). a +. Giii y Thi dfl 2: (Di IIIi luy2" sinh kh6i D .= 1.+ . 1) va khoang each giua hai dirong chuan b~ng 6.0) va elip (E): . W!U oi~m tren Ox qua M( . a b (I) ich zi 2a Kh'oang cac gura h at'0' irong c h:uan I' ( -. a: a " .a)· = -.a a2 Tir do ta co . 4J3J B(3. Yo= 0 va Xo = 7". Yo) E (E) nen ta co: ~ +!:Q. = 6 .=3 <=>. 2 Tu (I) (2) (3) suy ra h~ sau: =1 ( 4) (5) 273 Thay (5) vao (4) va co: c 2 - 4c + 4 = 0 ~ c == 2 .2005) Gia slr A(Xo.Yo=-7-'4J) 4J3 T' dehat'd'l ~..( --. nen ta co: AB = AC -----t----=1f--t---*"-c-_ x <=>Y6 +(2-xo)2 =4y~ <=>(2-xo)2 =3Y5(1) 8 Vi A(xo. ) .

a4 a +b =25 Tir do ta eo h¢ plurong trinh: ~ = ~ { a4 V~y (H) eo plurong trinh: <=> b2 = 9. MF2-2MF1 <=> a---=2 a a a 3e 2 2 2 2 a su 5.. d x y2 I O o treu rem tren x nen eo ang: 2 -2 = .. day F I.0 _ (H) . biet r~ng tieu diem tren Ox. khi d6: su 274 .25 ._ dol .. F2 IAn IU91 la tieu di~m trai va tieu diem phai cua (E). nen Xo = -.. 4BJ] -9 . Ilal. Ghii Theo cong tlurc tinh ban kinh qua tieu di~111va gia M = (xo.I 5: L~p plurong trlnh hepebol (H).1 6: x2 y2 Cho hypebol (H): -' . 16 9 II Tim di~m M E (H) sao eho M nhin hai tieu di~m dirci goc 60°. _. 9 xl y2 4J56 Tir do do: __Q_ + _Q_ = I<=> Y = ±-. Tim di~m M sao eho MF2 = 2MFh 25 16 .. Ghii 2 . dQ dai tieu ell la 10 va mot dirong tiem c~n e6 phuong trlnh 3x~y=0.... d·. TId tlI.-9- 4J56) va'M 2= (2S -9.V~y (E) eo plurong trinh: X6 + ~ = I. Thl (/1. Giai . . p hai ti ay • rem at tun M 1= (25 -9. . ') . Yo) E (H). tlI. 0). 0) va F2 = (5.CX(J) <=> a = 3ex 0 <=> Xo =-. Gia M = (Xu. 25 16 0 9 = . a b Ta eo 2e = 10 => e = 5 => a2 + b2 = e2 = 25. 21 Tim di~111 M E (H) sao eho ban kinh qua tieu di~m nay bang hai IAn ban kinh qua tieu di~m kia. Yo) ta eo: _a2 _ cXo ( a+..= I .C = . tu Tiem can co dang: y=±~x a .V~y 4 ~=~..I 4: Cho elip eo phirong trinh: ~ + L = I.Tu3x-4y=0 2 2 y=~x.II GQi Fh F2 Ian IUQ1la hai tieu diem trai va phai cua (H) thi F 1 = (-5. {a2=16 16 -"9 x2 y2 =I. o d'ay a-? V· tren (E) eo.

-800+32x~+32Y6=1256-2x61 ( 3) (4) 1 M -25+xo+yo= . Icos60o. (8Ji3.4 . 'Y' Th uc Iuen p I' t h ay d 01: {X _= x + 1 . 5' 5 M . a+. TIIi d.4x ==0 + 4y . 5. 1/ Cho (C) la duong cong co phuong trinh: / ti~n true toa dQ.-5-. 21 Cung cau hoi nhir phAn I I v6i (C): x2 + 6x Giai II Vi~t lai (C) duoi dang: (y + 2)2 . . c = 5) . =25 I i 9Ji3).2 732 G·. rvfF. 7: JiT9] M 2 (48 5..t hiI tu (I) ta co: .1MF. 9m). cx.4x ==O... 8m. = -25 ~ + xll2 - y02 .~ = V~y tren (H) co b6n diem phai tim: 5' 5 "I M (_ \. 5 + TU01lg tu se th~y truong hop MF2==2MF1 dfrn d~n met h~ vo nghiem (cac ban W nghiem lai).== 4X rep Y--y+2 . 243 . (I) Tir do Lai co: MF.' 1 • (3) (4) d:t d'ang ta co: Xo = -: rat l~ e 25 Yo. . \ 8Ji3. Bang phep tjnh Xac dinh tieu di~m va duong y + 8 = O.-Yo). 5:0 + Neu MF 1=2MF2 ta co: 14+ 5:0 I = 214 - I <=>116+ 5xo 1=132 -I <=> v ~y co h~ phirong trinh {9X~ -16y~ = 144 116+5xol=132-IOxol lxo = :8 "'" Yo =±~. V•~Y co'I' iar dol can um : M I (48 tern ~.cXo III a--.Y6 9 2 = I 2 {29xo-16Yo=144 2 1(16+5Xo){.16-5Xo)l<:"> 32 .--5- J1T9] . chuan cua parabol nay. _9m] 5' 5 OXo 1 21 Ta co: MFI 2MF2 hoac MF2 = 2MF1. M-1-2'=1 MI{ 1. <=>(Y + 2)2 = 4( 1 + x) (1) (2) 275 ·• ~. =(5-xo. MF. _9Ji3]. 5' 5 M (_ '4 8m.MF. Tir ( I) (2) suy ra h~ phuong trlnh sal! d~ xac dinh (xo: Yo): I II (2) r 16 x6 .a a2 (6 day a = 4. clurng minh (C) la met parabol.MFI ={-5-xo:-Yo)..

x Giai 11 D~ th~y duong th~ng n6i AB co phirong trinh: 4x + 3y + 12 = O. Khi do ta eo 2p = 1 p=~.0) (chu Y _£_ = 1). ~ (o. V). true d6i xirng la X =0. -6 _4 A------ TIIi dl! 7: Cho parabol = 4x va hai di~m A(O. Parabol nhan (0.. 3 Y 3) -'4 . V~y parabol nhan (0.= Y . ~ va d'irong c h uan y = 5 -'4. l 276 . y y -2 x s x y =·2 6:x + 2 = 0 21 Vi~t lai (P) diroi dang: (x + 3)2_ Y . { Y= y+ 1 <=> (x + 3)2= Y + 1 (3) Tir (3) suy ra. day IIi parabol co tham s6 tieu p = 2 (2p = 4 <=> P = 2). tieu di~m la = ( 0. trong h~ (X. 4) 11 Tim tren (P) di~m C sao eho ABC la tam giac vuong tai A. lam dinh.3 . Tieu di~m (1 .0) him dinh. true d6i xirng Y = 0. 21 Tim tren (P) di~m C sao eho tam giac ABC eo dien tich be nhat. -2) va duong chuan x = -2.1 = 0 X=X+3 . true d6i xirng la y = -2. dirong chuan hi X = Tro v~ bien cii: parabol (P): y2 + 4y . 4). (3) co dang X2=2pY. lam dinh.x = 0 nh~n di~m S(-I. Ddt ta co: X. V~y dirong th~ng d vuong gee voi AB co dang: -3x + 4y + m = O. B(-6. true d6i xirng la Tro v~ bi~n cil thi (P) la parabol nh~n (-3.0) lam dinh.-2) 2 _£ 2 = -1. x = . tieu di~m F(O. neu d· ~ rem A F(-.±) va duong chuan Y ). Trong h~ toa d<)moi (X. V).Nhir v~y (2) co dang y2 = 2pX.-1) .

y = 8 16 8 x=-. Yo) E (P).. Do AB khong d6i nen SABC gia tr] nho nhAt khi d~t CH nho nhAt...nrong giao cua dirong eonie vrri dircng thing.CH. g(x.-4) ~ -16+m=0 ~ m= 16. 9 3 V~y CJ( 16.. V~yd:-3x+4y+ Tir do di~m C la nghiem cua h~ phirong trinh: x3+_ 3 1 =(x+_!_) -3(X+_!_)=U3-3V x3 X X ¢:> 16=0. Thidfll Cho (H): - x2 1 -- l 8 = I va duong thang d: 2x .. [X = 16. (. GQi C(xo..!i.--. 8).. B thuoc hai nhanh khac nhau cua (H) (gia Slr XA< XB).nrong giao cua cac duong quy v~ khao sat h~ phuong trinh dang (I) va (2).Do(d)quaA(O.y)=m (I) { g(x. § 2.. (H) va d luon eAt nhau tai A. 1/ Chung minh ring voi rnoi m.y) cua cac giao di~m chinh la nghiem cua h~ phuong trinh tren. ta eo (theo cong thirc tinh khoang each tu mQt di~m d~n mQt duong thang). CH 1 k . Nhu v~y bai toan v~ s. vao k~t qua sau: a Cho hai duong IAn hrot eo phuong trinh f(x.. I:. Co 2/ Ta eo SASC= AB. 4xo +3yo + 121 = 1y~ +3yo + 121 5 5 ~~(Yi +3yo+ 12H[(YO+~)' + 3: J 2 ¢:> Vi th~ CH nho nhAt khi Yo+ ~ = 0 Vi Ie Ay C ( tich be nhAt. . 2/ Tim M sao eho BF2= 2AFh a day FJ(-3. 0) va F2(3. duong tron hoac gifra cac eonie vci nhau: Phuong phap giai d~u d.y)=n (2) Khi do toa dQ(x.y:.y) = m.-%) Yo=.y + m = O.~ (khi AyXo= _2_ ) 2 16 la di~m duy nhAt tren (P) sao eho tam giac CAB eo dien BAI ToAN vE Sl) lUONG GIAO cUA CONIC vo cAe DUONG KHAc Trong muc nay xet cac bai toan v~ s. -!) 9' 3 la hai di~m phai tim. 0) la cac tieu di8m cua (H) 277 .y)=n Khi do s6 giao di~m cua hai dinmg bing s6 nghiem cua h~ phuong trinh: f(x.

. B thuoc hai nhanh khac nhau ella (H) (XA< XIl).Y + m == 0 4mx .II x« h~ plurong trinh: . TIIi d1..111-+ 8 < 0 voi I11Qi111. 25 4 Chung rninh d dt (E) tai hai di~m phan biet A. trong 00 XA< Xn. trong do A E Ox..IH~1l (I) luon co hai nghiern trai d~u voi I11Qim.Xu la hai nghiem ella (I). ") A eXl3 . 4 V~y (H) va d luon citt nhau tai A.a ==. nen: XA< -a: Xn> a.. Vi . ViI A C - a > I nen tu (_ 5Uy ra: A . Ghii 2 2 se giao di~m ella d va (E) bang 56 nghiem cua h~ phirong trinh: 278 .. Tim 0<) dai doan AB.::> { 6x +3x ==-1 .( eXA) (c d ay a = 1.6XA ~ 6XA+ 3XB+ 1 = 0 Do XA. nen theo dinh II Vi-et ta co: XA+Xl3==m (4) 1112+8 { xAxB ==-4-' X +x A 13 (5) {XA =3111+_!_ 3 6m+1 xl3=--' 3 0 (II) Tlr(3)va(4)taeoh~: ==m ..::> 3xu .. B.m2 - Tir (I) dan o~n plurong trinh: 4x2 8 = 0 (I) . b)Taeo: BF2=2AF1 ~jC:B _aj==2jC:A +aj Do A.l2: = ~ m==---- -6± 16J2 Cho elip (E) co plurong trinh ~ + L = 1 va duong thang d: 2x + 15y-l 0=0. -a . B. e = 3 ) -a.A B Thay (II) vao (5) va co: 63m2 + 36m . X2 { -I - 8 ==I - l (I) 2x .I := -2 .68 21 Do la cac gia tr] dn tim ella tham 56 m.-a0 .

B sao eho M Iii trung di~m cua AB. (X2.4. Cho elip (E) eo plurong trinh: ~ + L = I . +-= I.k = 0 Khi do toa d<) (x.va B(.Y=O 2 ~ x=-4.5 thoa man (3): Ban doc tu kiem tra di~u nay.: -. B cua d voi (E) la nghiem cua h~ phirong trinh: . I) la trung diem cua A.. I). 25k + 9 25 y k = .B nen ta co: XI + X2 = 2. 25 9 va di~m M( I. . 279 TLrdod: ._. YI). Y2). Tlti d{l 3: ~ {_IO-15Y x5/-6y=O [X=5.X2 _+_=1 y2 25 4 { 2x+15y-IO=O V~y A(5.j Duong thang qua M eo hai dang: II Neu x = I khi do d~ thay x = I e~t (E) tai AI.: + Y9 = 1 { kx-y+l-k=O 2 ~ {(Y = kx + 1). ~). O).225](25k2 + 9) > 0 (3) Khi thoa man (3)..~ 2 25k +9 x-+50k(l-k)x+25(I-kt-215=O .k)2 .y + I .[25( I . (I) (2) D~ h~ ( I ) (2) eo hai ngh iern phan biet. Do M( I.I) + I ~ kx .y=S' Ox 6 R5 rang A 2 2 E va AB = 3~ . TIIi d{l 4: x2 x2 y2 Cho hai elip: EI: _+y2 = I va E. 2/ N~u y = k(x . 16 -9 4 Vi~t phtrong trinh duong tron di qua giao di~m cua hai elip noi tren. Theo dinh H Viet ta co: (chu 50k(k-l) 9 2 = 2 ~ k = -. Vi~t phirong trinh dirong thang qua M va dt (E) tai hai diem phan biet A.k)2 . giil Slr h~ (I) (2) co hai nghiem phan bier (XI. truce tien ta dn eo: ~ '= 25k2( I .y) cua cac giao diem A.) -~x-y+I+~=O~9x+25y-34=O 25 25 la dirong th~ng cAn tim. BI (xem hinh ve) va ta eo ngay: MBI>3>MAI' Vi th~ loai kha nang nay.

11 (C) chinh hi duong tron cAn tim. 55 55 9 4 Di~u do clurng to r~ng EI va E2 e~t nhau tai 4 di~m ph an biet.!_ MN. 2 N Theo dinh nghia elsa parabol ta eo: NF = NH. y2 = 28 . 280 . §3. y) hi cac giao di~m elsa (EI) va (Ej) la nghiern elsa h~ plurong trlnh: j tron(C):x2 16 + y. 2 Di~u do chirng to r~ng duong tron duang kinh MN luon luon ti~p xuc vai duong chuAn to.) (do IJ Iii dirong trung binh cua hinh thang NHKM).= -+-=1 X2 0 I ¢:) Xl y2 {X2 + 16 v' = 16 4x2 +9y2 = 36 ¢:) Xl = 432 . Ngoai ra ta eo: x2 + / = 92 . cua (P) ::::> dpcm.: (x = . _£').!_ (NH + MK). Ghli Ke N H va M K vuong goc vci duong y ehuAn to. GQi I la trung di~m MN.Ghli GQi toa dQ(x. N. cAc BAI ToAN DJNH TINH vE BA DUONG CONIC Loai 1: Cac bai toan Slr dung dinh nghia elsa ba duong eonie TIll d(ll: Cho parabol (P) y2=2px va dirong th~ng to. Chung minh r~ng cac dtrong tron duong kinh MN luon ti~p xuc vci mQt dirong th~ng e6 dinh. di dong di qua tieu di~m F elsa parabol va dt (P) t~i hai di~m phan biet M. Nhir v~y IJ = . suy ra b6n giao di~m elsa chung n~m tren dirong II +/ = 92. MF = MK V~y NF + MF = NH + MK hay MN =NH + MK. J la hlnh 2 chieu cua I tren (to. ta eo: IJ F K x = .

c=5. Tim quy tich tam M cua duong tron qua F2 va ti~p XUC voi duong tron noi tren. hai tieu di~m voi true 16n Iii. R2 = 5.F2= 10. ~ MF. I. R.TIIi d(l2: Do MA = MB (cling b~ng ban kinh cua (C). y: Ta xet tnrong hop C\1 th~ : (C.MF.): (x + 5)2+ 441.: 2a).(-5. = MF2. 0) vii.elip v6i plurong trlnh: l l= y /// / / / I I -+-=1. met di~m F2 6 ngoai duong tron.R. F2 Iii. Theo dinh nghla cua elip.5i + = 25.b= 12.MF21 = 2a (3) V~y tit (3) di 'd~n quy tich tam M cac duong tron di qua F2 va ti~p xuc voi duong tron (F. + R2 = const. ta co: F.. + R2= 26 suy ra: a = 13. GQi ti~p di~m Iii. Khi do. 169 144 TIIi d(l3: Cho duong tron tam F. vii. = MI-IF. elip nh~n F. 2a). = MF2+ 2a. x2 y2 I I I / / / I I 281 . Ta co MF. F. ta suy ra quy tich cua M Iii. (C2): (x . V~y quy tich cua M Iii. Ta co R. + R2. Giiii Xet hai kha nang sau: * Duong tron tam M ban kinh r tiep xuc ngoai vci dirong tron (F . GQi I Iii.2a ~ MF2. = 2a (2) Tit(I). ta co: MF. (I) * Duong tron tam M ban kinh r ti~p xuc trong voi dirong tron (F.-MF2=2a.: 2a) la hypebol nhan F"F2 lam hai tieu di~m va true tlnrc bAng 2a. + MF2 = R. F2(5. = MI + IF. = 21. ban kinh bang 2a vii.. Do do tit (I) suy ra: MF. Chi. 0) vii. ti~p diem. (2) suy ra:IMF.

a2 = 21. Lo~i 2: MQt 56 bai toan djnh tinh v~ ba dirong conic: Thl du l: Cho hypcbol (1-1): -2 . V~y quy tich tam M la hypebol (H) voi phuong trinh: ~_L 4 2 2 n« d(l4: .8 = 12. a" + b DoM E(H) ~ 2 2 (2) 282 .d(M. Chung minh r5ng dai luong d(M.~). A va B la hai diem tren (E) sao cho AFI + BF2= 8. ~') khong phu thuoc van vj tri cua M tren (H). Khi do c = S. M(xo. x~ + y~ =1 b2xo2_a2yo2=a2b2. GhU -.= I suy ra (E) co true ion 2a 2S 16 . Ghli x2 y2 + . Tinh AF2+ BFI. . 2 2 Tit: - = 10. ~). G9i ~ va ~' la hai tiem can cua (H).~ a = 2. a b Thay (2) van (I) va co: d(M. do do: b2 Xet vi du C\I th~ sau: Duong tron tam FI(-S. 2a = R = 4 = c2 . Theo dinh nghla elip thi: (AFI + AF2) = (BFI + BF2) = 10 ~ AF2 + BFI = (AFI + AF2) + (BFI + BF2) . Yo) Iii II1Qtdiem b~t ki tren (H). 0).(AFI + BF2) = 10+ 10. Tren mat phang cho elip (E) co plurong trinh: ~ + L = I . 21 = I.-~ == x2 y2 a b~ I. 2S 16 co hai tieu diem FI.~') a2b2 =-~--2 =const => dpcm.d(M. De tbay A: y=-xb bx-ay= 0"va b --x a ~ A't y = a ~bx+ay=O. F2.

d(BJ. Ox).. At: =(~-I'n -4).2 ""4. * N~u AB khong song song voi Oy. 1111 rang rich cac khoang each tir A. Chung minh rAng day cung BC luon di qua mot . khi do YlY2:::: 4.C:f. =I.. Ox).0). 4. B. Tir do suy ra: dCA.rn-4)' .n) 16 16 AS =(1112 16' <\C === Ghli thuoc (P). C thuoc (P) sao cho ~ :f. B V~y. suy ra AB eo dang: y "" k(x . A. nen ta eo p = 2. Y2 la nghiem ella (I). Khi do ta eo hai giao di~m h\ A(]. l 4 do k 4y .2008) '.I) <=> kx .4k =:: 0 (I) -:._. B( 1.. TQa dO cua A" B. Ox) :::::yrl·IY21 "" !Y1Y21::::: . uem F '" \&} tai A va B. goc BAC === 90°. (P) co dang: i::::: 2px.d(B.F(] . B. Hai di~m B. -2).. Xet hai kha nang sau: * N~u AB IIOy. tieu di~m F cua (P) 18. n :f.k == 0 Gilt su no c~t (P) tai AI. 16' co: 256 90°.y . Cao D{i"g kluJj D . 4). 2)..A nen Ill:f.m).c(~.. B(m2 . Ox) = IF AI.IFBI = 2. B d~n true cua (P) 18.. 'i (/{I 3 (DR IIIi D{li live.d(B. Chung . Ox) > 4 =:: eonst (dpcm). lit nghiern cua phuong trinh: ki'JQi Yr.)parabol (P): i:::: 16x va di&m A( 1. 4) mn + 4(m + n) + 272 ::::0 283 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . lit nghiern cua h~: kX-y-k::::O { y =4x 2 Giiii <=> {Y:::::kX-k 2 y+k y ::::4' Vb tung cua AI. 'a co: d(A" Ox). nen ta ~BAB:::: 0 ¢:> '> (m2 -16)(n2 -16) +(m -4)(n -4):::: 0 (rn + 4)(n + 4) + 256::::: 0 (do B. luon eo dCA. Ta co: .mlai.mot hAng s6.

5 = O. Vi~t plurong trlnh dirong thang qua M cAt (H) tai A va B sao eho M la trung di~m cua AB.2 m2 Ta eo BC = ( n .(m2) x-n+ m +--(y-m)=O 16 2 n = (-I. FI.-FJ).Y3 = 1 va di~m M(2. B. duong th~ng qua 16 .'2". cac dinh tren true nho va hai tieu di~m cung n~m Btli 2: Tren m~t phang toa d<) Oxy.(n + m)m <=>-16x+(m+n)y+4(m+n)+272=0 = 0 (3) = D~t m + n = a thl (3) tro thanh: -16x + ay + 4a + 272 = O<=>-16x + 272+a(y + y) 0 (4) Goi (xo. hay I~p plurong trinh ehinh tAe cua elip (E) co d<) dai true Ian bang 4F2. ta eo h~ plurong trlnh sau: -16XO + 272 = 0 <=>{xo = 17 { Yo +4=0 Yo =-4 V~y day eung BC luon di qua di~m e6 dinh I( 17.MF2=2. --4) (dpem).y . x2 2 F2 IAn va phai ella (E). cho hypebol (H): ~ . .m) lit vecto ehi phirong cua duong th~ng BC nen vecto phap tuyen cua duong th~ng BC la . 2 2 Btli 3: Tren m~t phang. n . BAI T_.6 . 1).FJ) va M( -F2. 16 <=>-16x + m + (m + n)y . Tim diem ME (E) sao eho MFI .. tren m¢t dirong tron.Ceod~ng: .Yo) la di~m e6 djnh ella ho (4).Jp TV GIAI Biii 1: Tren m~t phang eho elip (E) eo phuong trlnh: hrot la tieu diem trai Dap 8+ Y4 = 1. s6: M = (. Ddp 284 s6: 3x . 2 2 .x Y apso: -+-= D· 8 4 1. Do do. n + m) .

-2). Blli 7: Tren m~t phang. 0). (d) luon di qua tieu dj~m F cua (P) va ciit (P) tai hai diem phan biet M.. . elip (E): - Blli 5: Tren 2 2 cho x2 9 y2 + .r_ 64 36 II Xct cac di~m M(16. Q 21 Chung minh Dap s6: cac trung m~t di~m cua MN va PQ trung nhau. ~ ~ = 1. Tim quy tich tam M. N voi (H).6J3) cua duong thang !1 n6i M.: . 2).3J3 -9) phling.3J3 + 9). N2 (9. = D"p sd (C): x2 + y2 Biii 6: Tren 5. y = X2 + _!_ .N1(1. va P(12 .4J3. N Dap so: (P) sao eho 1M = 41N .3). eho parabol (P) va dirong thang d nhu sau: (P): = Zx: (d): 2my . L~p plurong trinh diroug tron (C) di qua giao di~1ll cua (E) va (H). va N(8. l Dap .r:.Blli 4: Cho hypebol (H) co plurong trinh: ~ . toa dQ Oxy cho parabol (P) co plurong trinh E Ill~t phaug l = x va di~1111(0.[M1(4.N. = I .1) M2 (36. Tim cac giao di~m P.6).2x + I = O. Tim toa dQ hai di~m M. Q(12 + 4J3. . 5 J 285 . II Chung minh rfing voi moi gia tr] ella m.Y4 = I . Xet cac dirong trim tam M di qua F2 va tiep xuc voi (C). 21 Tim quy tich trung diem I ella dean MN khi m thay d6i. 0) thuoc (H).= I va hypebol (H): I ~ . 2 Blli 8: Cho duong tron (C): (x + + / = 36 va diem F2(2.\'6: 21 QuT tich lit parabol. 2i ~ Dap s6: Quy tich la elip: ~ 9 +.

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