Name___________________________________________ Sample Test 1, Form A Answer the following multiple-choice question on a ParSCORE test form (5 pts per

question): 1. A ball is thrown straight up in the air. For which of these situations is/are both instantaneous velocity and the acceleration zero? A. at the top of the flight path B. on the way down C. on the way up D. both up and down E. none of these 2. A point is located in a polar coordinate system by the coordinates r = 2.30 m and θ = 40.0°. Find the x and y coordinates of this point, assuming the two coordinate systems have the same origin. A. B. C. D. E. 1.27 m, 2.05 m 1.76 m, 2.85 m 1.76 m, 1.48 m 2.34 m, 1.48 m 1.76 m, 2.85 m

3. A tennis player on serve tosses a ball straight up. As the tennis ball travels through the air, its speed does which of the following A. decreases B. increases C. increases and then decreases D. decreases and then increases E. remains the same 4. Find the polar coordinates corresponding to a point located at (-4.00, -5.00) in Cartesian coordinates A. (14.2, -67.4°) B. (6.40, -129°) C. (-14.2, 67.4°) D. (19, -72.5°) E. (-6.40, 51.3°) 5. A car traveling east at 39.1 m/s passes a trooper hiding at the roadside. The driver uniformly reduces his speed to 25.0 m/s in 4.00 s. What is the magnitude and direction of the car's acceleration as it slows down? A. 1.78 m/s2 east B. 2.36 m/s2 west C. 3.53 m/s2 east D. 5.23 m/s2 west E. 3.53 m/s2 west

6. When applying the equations of kinematics for an object moving in one dimension, which of the following statements must be true? A. The velocity of the object must increase with time. B. The position of the object must increase with time. C. The velocity of the object must always be in the same direction as its acceleration. D. The acceleration of the object must remain constant. E. The velocity of the object must remain constant. 7. A racing car starts from rest and reaches a final speed v in a time t. If the acceleration of the car is constant during this time, which of the following statements must be true? A. The average speed of the car is v/2. B. The car travels a distance vt. C. The acceleration of the car is v/2t. D. The velocity of the car remains constant. E. None of these 8. At a horizontal distance of 70.0 m from a building, the angle of elevation to the top of the building is 37.0°. How tall is the building? A. B. C. D. E. 35.0 m 48.2 m 52.7 m 59.5 m 64.8 m

9. A vector lying in the xy-plane has components of opposite sign. The vector must lie in which quadrant? A. the second quadrant B. the third quadrant C. either the second or the third D. the fourth quadrant E. either the second or the fourth quadrant 10. A projectile is launched from Earth's surface at a certain initial velocity at an angle above the horizontal, reaching maximum height after time t1. Another projectile is launched with the same initial velocity and angle from the surface of the Moon, where the acceleration of gravity is one-sixth that of Earth. Neglecting air resistance (on Earth) and variations in the acceleration of gravity with height, how long does it take the projectile on the Moon to reach its maximum height? A. B. C. D. E. t1 t1/6 6 t1 √6 t1 36 t1

11. A point has coordinates (15, -25), where the units are meters. What is the location of the point in polar coordinates (r,θ)? A. B. C. D. E. r = -29 m, θ = 590 r = 29 m, θ = -590 r = 29 m, θ = 1210 r = -25 m, θ = 1210 r = 25 m, θ = 600

12. Which of the following relationships is dimensionally consistent with an expression yielding a value for acceleration? (x is a distance, t is time, and v is velocity) A. B. C. D. E. v/x2 v2/t v/t2 v2/x none of these

13. Your hair grows at the rate of 0.0333 inch per day (1 in. = 2.54 cm). How long would be the new grown hair in five years? A. B. C. D. E. 1.54 m 1.68 m 1.79 m 2.25 m 5.67 m

14. A graph of velocity versus time for certain particle moving along the x – axis is shown in the figure. The vertical divisions represent 2.0 m/s and the horizontal divisions represent 2.0 s. Find the acceleration in the time interval 2.0 to 5.0 s.

A. 3.0 m/s

B. 2.0 m/s

C. zero

D. -2.0 m/s

E. -3.0 m/s

15. The driver of a truck slams on the brakes when he sees a tree blocking the road. The truck slows down uniformly with acceleration -5.55 m/s2 for 4.20 s, making skid marks 64.4 m long that end at the tree. With what speed does the truck then strike the tree? A. B. C. D. E. 1.95 m/s 2.59 m/s 3.11 m/s 3.68 m/s 4.27 m/s

16. Your car covers 90.0 m in 7.50 s while smoothly slowing down to a final velocity of 3.00 m/s. Find the car's original speed. A. B. C. D. E. 21.0 m/s 12.5 m/s 31.0 m/s 7.25 m/s 42.0 m/s

17. The acceleration of a car may be characterized in equivalent words by which of the following?

A. B. C. D. E.

displacement rate of change of displacement velocity rate of change of velocity None of these

18. A Boeing aircraft has a lift-off speed of 320 km/h. What minimum constant acceleration does the aircraft require if the aircraft is to be airborne after a takeoff run of 500 m? A. B. C. D. E. 7.9 m/s2 5.2 m/s2 8.4 m/s2 9.8 m/s2 19.6 m/s2

19. A tennis player tosses a ball straight up. While the tennis ball is in the air, its speed does which of the following A. increases B. increases and then decreases C. decreases D. decreases and then increases E. remains the same 20. A ball is thrown vertically upward with a speed of +14.0 m/s. How high does it rise? A. B. C. D. E. 2.50 m 5.00 m 10.0 m 12.0 m 20.0 m

21. A small map shows Atlanta to be 730 miles in a direction 5° north of east from Dallas. The same map shows that Chicago is 560 miles in a direction 21° west of north from Atlanta. Assume a flat Earth, and use the given information to find the displacement from Dallas to Chicago. A. B. C. D. E. 956 mi @ 41.9° north of east of Dallas 845 mi @ 41.9° north of east of Dallas 788 mi @ 48.1° north of west of Dallas 788 mi @ 48.1° north of east of Dallas 845 mi @ 41.9° north of west of Dallas

One-Dimensional Motion

a = const

v = v0 + a t
1 Δx = ( v 0 + v)t 2 1 Δx = v 0 t + a t 2 2

v av =

Δx Δt

aav =

Δv Δt

v 2 = v 0 + 2a Δx
Free Fall

2

ay = − g = −9.80m / s 2

v y = v0 − g t
1 Δy = (v 0 + v)t 2 1 Δy = v 0 t − g t 2 2 2 v 2 = v 0 − 2 g Δy y
Projectile Motion in x direction in y direction

g = 9.80 m / s 2

ax = 0

ay = − g = −9.80m / s 2
v0y = v0 sin θ

v x = v 0x = v 0 cos θ = const
Δx = v 0x t = (v0 cos θ ) t

v y = v 0y − g t = v 0 sin θ − g t
1 1 Δy = v0y t − g t 2 = (v0 sin θ ) t − g t 2 2 2 2 2 v y = v0y − 2 g Δy