VOLATAGE SAG ESTIMATION

General procedure ‡ 1.determine the no. and charac. of VS that results from trans. System fault ‡ 2.determine the no. and charac. of VS that results from distrubutin faults ‡ 3.determine the equipment sensitivity to VS ‡ 4.evaluate the economics of different solutions that could improve the performance

VOLATAGE SAG ESTIMATION ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Solution should be optimum economical Either at utility side or at customer facility Area of vulnerability equipment sensitivity to VS Equipment sensitive only to magnitude of VS Equipment sensitive to both magnitude and duration of VS ‡ Equipment sensitive to characteristics other than magnitude and duration of VS ‡ Such as unbalance .

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. ‡ minimum voltage ride through capability voltage sag immunity of the equipment min voltage that an equipment can tolerate without misoperation.Area of vulnerability ‡ AOV is determined by the total circuit miles exposure to faults that can cause voltage magnitude at end user facility to drop below the minimum voltage ride through capability of the equipment.

Total harmonic distortion is a measurement of the sum value of the waveformthat is distorted.Total Harmonic Distortion Definition THD is defined as the RMS value of the waveform remaining when the fundamental is removed. .

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Total Harmonic Distortion .

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