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TESSCOMPONENTLIBRARIES

GeneralDescriptions

TABLEOFCONTENTS

TableofContents.....................................................................................................2 TheApplicationsComponentLibrary.....................................................................10
TYPE514:THERMOSTATCONTROLS .................................................................................................................. 0 . 1 TYPE515:HEATINGANDCOOLINGSEASONSCHEDULER .................................................................................. 0 . 1 TYPE516:MULTIPLEDAYSCHEDULER................................................................................................................ 0 1 TYPE517:SINGLEDAYSCHEDULER.................................................................................................................... 0 1 TYPE517_Normalized:SINGLEDAYSCHEDULER................................................................................................ 0 1 TYPE518:MONTHLYSCHEDULER....................................................................................................................... 1 1 TYPE519:HOLIDAYSCHEDULER......................................................................................................................... 1 1 TYPE520:MULTIPLETHERMOSTATCONTROLS................................................................................................. 1 1

TheControlsComponentLibrary...........................................................................12
TYPE658:HUMIDISTAT....................................................................................................................................... 2 1 TYPE661:DELAYEDOUTPUTDEVICE.................................................................................................................. 2 1 TYPE698:5STAGEMULTIZONETHERMOSTAT.................................................................................................. 2 1 TYPE911:DIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERWITHLOCKOUTS.................................................................................. 2 1 TYPE953:TEMPERINGVALVECONTROLLER...................................................................................................... 2 1 TYPE970:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERMULTIPLESETPOINTS&DEADBANDSHEATING.............. 3 1 TYPE971:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERMULTIPLESETPOINTS&DEADBANDSCOOLING.............. 3 1 TYPE973:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERSINGLESETPOINTMULTIPLEDEADBANDSTIMEDELAY 3 1 TYPE974:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERSINGLESETPOINTWITHTIMEDELAY................................. 3 1 TYPE980:ON/OFFTIMECALCULATOR............................................................................................................... 3 1 TYPE1233:RUNTIMECONTROLLER................................................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1250:OUTSIDEAIRRESETCONTROL.......................................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1502:NSTAGEAQUASTATINHEATING.................................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1502_RH:NSTAGEHUMIDIFICATION....................................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1503:NSTAGEAQUASTATINCOOLING.................................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1503_RH:SINGLESTAGEDEHUMIDIFICATION.......................................................................................... 4 1 TYPE1669:PROPORTIONALCONTROLLER......................................................................................................... 4 1

TheElectricalComponentLibrary..........................................................................16
TYPE551:PHOTOVOLTAICARRAYSHADING...................................................................................................... 6 1 TYPE560:FINTUBEPV/TSOLARCOLLECTOR.................................................................................................... 6 1 TYPE562:SIMPLEGLAZEDORUNGLAZEDPHOTOVOLTAICPANEL.................................................................... 6 1 TYPE563:UNGLAZEDFINTUBEPV/TSOLARCOLLECTOR.................................................................................. 7 1 TYPE566:BUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITHZONEAIRTEMPERATURE)... 7 1 TYPE567:BUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITHTYPE56)................................ 7 1 TYPE568:UNGLAZEDBUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITHTYPE56)............ 7 1 TYPE569:UNGLAZEDBUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITHZONEAIR TEMPERATURE)................................................................................................................................................... 8 1

TYPE726:PROPORTIONALLIGHTINGCONTROLLER........................................................................................... 8 1 TYPE727:CONTINUALLYSTEPPEDLIGHTFIXTURES........................................................................................... 8 1 TYPE728:MULTIPLEPOWERLEVELLIGHTS....................................................................................................... 9 1 TYPE1236:EQUIPMENTOUTAGE....................................................................................................................... 9 1

TheGroundCouplingComponentLibrary.............................................................20
TYPE653:SIMPLEFLOORHEATINGSYSTEM...................................................................................................... 0 2 TYPE714:ASHRAEMETHODFORCALCULATINGSLABHEATTRANSFER............................................................ 0 2 TYPE715:ASHRAEMETHODFORCALCULATINGBASEMENTHEATTRANSFER.................................................. 0 2 TYPE943:VERTICALRECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWRAPPER........................................................................ 0 2 TYPE957:VERTICALRECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWRAPPERUNDERINSULATEDSURFACE......................... 0 2 TYPE993:RADIANTSLABONGRADE ................................................................................................................. 0 . 2 TYPE1244:MULTIZONEBASEMENTMODEL(INTERFACESWITHTYPE56) ........................................................ 1 . 2 TYPE1255:SLABONGRADEMONOLITHICPOUR(INTERFACESWITHSIMPLEBUILDING).............................. 1 2 TYPE1256:SLABANDBASEMENTMODEL(INTERFACESWITHSIMPLEBUILDING............................................ 1 2

TheGeothermalHeatPumpComponentLibrary..................................................22
TYPE557:VERTICALUTUBEORTUBEINTUBEGROUNDHEATEXCHANGER.................................................... 2 2 TYPE919:NORMALIZEDWATERSOURCEHEATPUMP...................................................................................... 2 2 TYPE927:NORMALIZEDWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP................................................................................. 2 2 TYPE951:BURIEDTWINPIPE............................................................................................................................. 3 2 TYPE952:BURIEDSINGLEPIPE........................................................................................................................... 3 2 TYPE997:MULTILEVELHORIZONTALGROUNDHEATEXCHANGER.................................................................. 3 2 TYPE1221:NORMALIZED2STAGEWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP................................................................. 3 2

TheHVACComponentLibrary...............................................................................24
TYPE506:DIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLER(SWAMPCOOLER)............................................................................ 4 2 TYPE507:CONTROLLEDDIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLINGDEVICE(FOGGINGDEVICE)...................................... 4 2 TYPE508:COOLINGCOILWITHVARIOUSCONTROLMODES............................................................................. 4 2 TYPE510:CLOSEDCIRCUITCOOLINGTOWER.................................................................................................... 4 2 TYPE511:DRYFLUIDCOOLER ............................................................................................................................ 4 . 2 TYPE512:SENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEMODULATION............................................................ 5 2 TYPE600:TWOPIPEFANCOIL........................................................................................................................... 5 2 TYPE641:SIMPLEADIABADICHUMIDIFER......................................................................................................... 5 2 TYPE650:HEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPCOLDSIDEOUTLETBELOWITSSETPOINT..... 5 2 TYPE651:RESIDENTIALCOOLINGCOIL(AIRCONDITIONER).............................................................................. 5 2 TYPE652:HEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPCOLDSIDEOUTLETABOVEITSSETPOINT...... 5 2 TYPE655:AIRCOOLEDCHILLER.......................................................................................................................... 6 2 TYPE657:HEATEXCHANGERWITHCOLDSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPHOTSIDEOUTLETBELOWITSSETPOINT..... 6 2 TYPE659:AUXILIARYFLUIDHEATERWITHPROPORTIONALCONTROL(PROPORTIONALBOILER).................... 6 2 TYPE663:ELECTRICUNITHEATERWITHVARIABLESPEEDFANANDPROPORTIONALCONTROL..................... 6 2 TYPE664:ELECTRICUNITHEATERWITHVARIABLESPEEDFAN,PROPORTIONALCONTROL,ANDDAMPER CONTROL............................................................................................................................................................. 6 2 TYPE666:WATERCOOLEDCHILLER................................................................................................................... 7 2 TYPE667:AIRTOAIRHEATRECOVERYDEVICE.................................................................................................. 7 2 TYPE670:AIRHEATINGCOIL(KEEPSTHEOUTLETAIRTEMPERATUREBELOWAUSERSPECIFIEDSETPOINT). 7 2

TYPE673:TWOPIPECONSOLEUNITINENERGYRATECONTROL...................................................................... 7 2 TYPE676:DOUBLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER...................................................................... 7 2 TYPE677:DOUBLEEFFECTHOTWATERFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER.............................................................. 7 2 TYPE678:DOUBLEEFFECTDIRECTFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER...................................................................... 7 2 TYPE679:SINGLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER........................................................................ 8 2 TYPE681:SINGLEEFFECTDIRECTFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER........................................................................ 8 2 TYPE684:AIRSIDEECONOMIZER....................................................................................................................... 8 2 TYPE688:DEHUMIDIFIER................................................................................................................................... 8 2 TYPE689:HEATPIPE........................................................................................................................................... 8 2 TYPE692:PERFORMANCEMAPFLUIDCOOLER................................................................................................. 9 2 TYPE696:AIRSTREAMCONDITIONINGDEVICE................................................................................................. 9 2 TYPE697:PERFORMANCEMAPCOOLINGCOIL................................................................................................. 9 2 TYPE699:HEATEXCHANGERWITHCOLDSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPHOTSIDEOUTLETABOVEITSSETPOINT...... 9 2 TYPE700:SIMPLEBOILERWITHEFFICIENCYINPUTS......................................................................................... 9 2 TYPE716:ROTARYDESICCANTDEHUMIDIFIER.................................................................................................. 9 2 TYPE751:SIMPLEBOILERWITHEFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE.......................................................................... 0 3 TYPE752:SIMPLECOOLINGCOIL....................................................................................................................... 0 3 TYPE753:HEATINGCOILWITHVARIOUSCONTROLMODES............................................................................. 0 3 TYPE754:HEATER/HUMIDIFIER........................................................................................................................ 0 3 TYPE757:INDIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLER....................................................................................................... 1 3 TYPE760:AIRTOAIRSENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGER(HEATWHEEL) ................................................................... 1 . 3 TYPE761:SENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGERTEMPERATUREDELTA....................................................................... 1 3 TYPE909:HOTWATERFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER........................................................................................ 1 3 TYPE917:AIRTOWATERHEATPUMP.............................................................................................................. 1 3 TYPE918:DOUBLEMODEDEHUMIDIFIER.......................................................................................................... 2 3 TYPE919:NORMALIZEDWATERSOURCEHEATPUMP...................................................................................... 2 3 TYPE921:AIRCONDITIONER(NORMALIZED)..................................................................................................... 2 3 TYPE922:TW0SPEEDAIRSOURCEHEATPUMP(NORMALIZED)...................................................................... 2 3 TYPE923:TW0SPEEDAIRCONDITIONER(NORMALIZED)................................................................................. 2 3 TYPE927:NORMALIZEDWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP................................................................................. 2 3 TYPE928:TWOPIPEFANCOIL(VOLUMETRICFANMODE)............................................................................... 3 3 TYPE929:GASHEATINGCOIL............................................................................................................................. 3 3 TYPE930:ELECTRICHEATINGCOIL..................................................................................................................... 3 3 TYPE941:AIRTOWATERHEATPUMP............................................................................................................... 3 3 TYPE954:AIRSOURCEHEATPUMP/SPLITSYSTEMHEATPUMP....................................................................... 3 3 TYPE964:AIRCONDITIONERDOE2APPROACH.............................................................................................. 3 3 TYPE966:AIRSOURCEHEATPUMPDOE2APPROACH................................................................................... 4 3 TYPE967:GASFIREDFURNACEDOE2APPROACH.......................................................................................... 4 3 TYPE987:4PIPEPERFORMANCEMAPFANCOIL............................................................................................... 4 3 TYPE995:PERFORMANCEMAPCOOLINGCOIL.................................................................................................. 4 3 TYPE996:2PIPEFANCOIL................................................................................................................................... 4 3 TYPE1221:NORMALIZED2STAGEWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP................................................................. 4 3 TYPE1225:ROTARYDESICANTDEHUMIDIFIER................................................................................................. 5 3 TYPE1231:RADIATOR ........................................................................................................................................ 5 . 3 TYPE1246:AUXILIARYCOOLER.......................................................................................................................... 5 3 TYPE1247:WATERTOAIRHEATPUMPSECTIONFORANAIRHANDLER.......................................................... 5 3

TYPE1248:AIRTOAIRHEATPUMPSECTIONFORANAIRHANDLER................................................................ 5 3 TYPE1716:ROTARYDESICANTDEHUMIDIFIER.................................................................................................. 5 3

TheHydronicsComponentLibrary........................................................................37
TYPE604:BIDIRECTIONAL,NODEDPIPEWITHWALL&INSULATIONMASS..................................................... 7 3 TYPE607:AIRDUCT............................................................................................................................................ 7 3 TYPE642:SINGLESPEEDFAN............................................................................................................................. 7 3 TYPE644:TWOSPEEDFAN/BLOWER................................................................................................................. 7 3 TYPE646:AIRSUPPLYPLENUMWITHUPTO100PORTS................................................................................... 7 3 TYPE647:FLOWDIVERTERWITHUPTO100PORTS.......................................................................................... 7 3 TYPE648:AIRRETURNPLENUMWITHUPTO100PORTS ................................................................................. 8 . 3 TYPE649:FLOWMIXERWITHUPTO100PORTS............................................................................................... 8 3 TYPE654:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP ................................................................................................................... 8 . 3 TYPE662:VARIABLESPEEDFAN/BLOWER......................................................................................................... 8 3 TYPE695:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROMHEADANDDESIRED FLOWRATE......................................................................................................................................................... 8 3 TYPE709:PIPE(UVALUECALCULATEDFROMPHYSICALCHARACTERISTICS).................................................... 9 3 TYPE740:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROMPRESSUREDROP ANDPUMPEFFICIENCY....................................................................................................................................... 9 3 TYPE741:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROMPRESSURERISEAND PUMPEFFICIENCY............................................................................................................................................... 9 3 TYPE742:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROM PRESSURERISEANDPUMPEFFICIENCY.............................................................................................................. 9 3 TYPE743:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROM POWERCURVEPOLYNOMIAL............................................................................................................................. 9 3 TYPE744:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDFAN,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT,POWERCALCULATEDFROM POWERCURVEPOLYNOMIAL............................................................................................................................. 0 4 TYPE745:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROMAVAILABLEPOWER,POWER DRAWNCALCULATEDFROMMOTOREFFICIENCYANDPRESSURERISE............................................................ 0 4 TYPE746:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROMAVAILABLEPOWER,POWER DRAWNCALCULATEDFROMPOWERCURVE..................................................................................................... 0 4 TYPE747:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROMMATCHINGSYSTEMCURVEAND HEADCURVE....................................................................................................................................................... 0 4 TYPE748:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,DESIREDMASSFLOWRATEINPUT,MATCHSYSTEMCURVEANDHEAD CURVE................................................................................................................................................................. 1 4 TYPE749:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,POWERINPUT,MATCHSYSTEMCURVEANDHEADCURVE ...................... 1 . 4 TYPE750:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,FRACTIONOFRATEDSPEEDINPUT,MATCHSYSTEMCURVEANDHEAD CURVE................................................................................................................................................................. 1 4 TYPE924:TWOSPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION........................................................................................ 1 4 TYPE925:SINGLESPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION..................................................................................... 1 4 TYPE926:VARIABLESPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION................................................................................ 2 4 TYPE976:TWOSPEEDPUMPMASSFLOWRATEVERSION............................................................................. 2 4 TYPE977:VARIABLESPEEDPUMPVOLUMETRICVERSION............................................................................. 2 4 TYPE978:TWOSPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION........................................................................................ 2 4

TheLoads&StructuresComponentLibrary..........................................................43
5

TYPE660:MULTIZONELUMPEDCAPACITANCEBUILDING................................................................................ 3 4 TYPE682:LOADIMPOSEDONALIQUIDSTREAM.............................................................................................. 3 4 TYPE686:SYNTHETICBUILDINGLOADSGENERATOR........................................................................................ 4 4 TYPE687:NATIONALFENESTRATIONRATINGCOUNCIL(NFRC)WINDOW........................................................ 4 4 TYPE690:ENERGYRATELOADSCONVERSION................................................................................................... 4 4 TYPE693:LOADIMPOSEDONANAIRSTREAM.................................................................................................. 4 4 TYPE759:LUMPEDCAPACITANCEMULTIZONEBUILDINGWITHNOCONTROLS.............................................. 4 4 TYPE912:OPENWINDOWMODEL.................................................................................................................... 5 4 TYPE936:REFRIGERATORMODEL..................................................................................................................... 5 4 TYPE963:LUMPMODEL.................................................................................................................................... 5 4 TYPE1227:STACKEFFECT.................................................................................................................................. 5 4

TheOptimizationComponentLibrary....................................................................46
TYPE758:TRNOPTPRINTER............................................................................................................................... 6 4

TheSolarComponentLibrary................................................................................47
TYPE536:LINEARPARABOLICCONCENTRATINGSOLARCOLLECTOR................................................................ 7 4 TYPE538:EVACUATEDTUBESOLARCOLLECTOR............................................................................................... 7 4 TYPE539:FLATPLATECOLLECTORWITHCAPACITANCE,VSPUMPANDEFF=f(TIN)...................................... 7 4 TYPE541:FLATPLATEINTEGRALCOLLECTORSTORAGE(ICS)SYSTEM.............................................................. 7 4 TYPE543:SINGLECOVERTOPLOSSMODEL....................................................................................................... 7 4 TYPE544:DOUBLECOVERTOPLOSSMODEL..................................................................................................... 8 4 TYPE546:BEAM/DIFFUSESPLITCALCULATOR................................................................................................... 8 4 TYPE550:TUBULARINTEGRALCOLLECTORSTORAGE(ICS)SYSTEM................................................................. 8 4 TYPE553:UNGLAZEDFLATPLATECOLLECTOR(EFFICIENCYCOEFFICIENTMETHOD)....................................... 8 4 TYPE559:THEORETICALUNGLAZEDFLATPLATECOLLECTOR ........................................................................... 8 . 4 TYPE561:UNGLAZEDAIRHEATINGCOLLECTOR................................................................................................ 8 4 TYPE564:THEORETICALFIN/TUBESOLARCOLLECTOR(POOLHEATER).......................................................... 8 4 TYPE565:SERPENTINETUBESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL.................................................................................. 9 4 TYPE942:THEORETICALFLATPLATESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL1COVER.................................................... 9 4 TYPE944:THEORETICALFLATPLATESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL2COVER..................................................... 9 4 TYPE1245:XCPCCOLLECTORMODEL................................................................................................................ 9 4 TYPE1252:BEAMSHADINGCALCULATOR......................................................................................................... 9 4

TheStorageComponentLibrary............................................................................50
TYPE531:RECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS .......................... 0 . 5 TYPE532:SPHERICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS................................. 0 5 TYPE533:HORIZONTALLYCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS.... 0 5 TYPE534:VERTICALLYCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS.......... 1 5 TYPE938:HEATPUMPWATERHEATER.............................................................................................................. 1 5 TYPE940:TANKLESSWATERHEATER(ZIPHEATER)........................................................................................... 1 5 TYPE1226:HEATINGDEVICEFORSTORAGETANKS........................................................................................... 2 5 TYPE1237:VERTICALCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHWRAPAROUNDHEATEXCHANGERANDDIPTUBE ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2 5 TYPE1502:NSTAGEAQUASTATINHEATING.................................................................................................... 2 5 TYPE1503:NSTAGEAQUASTATINCOOLING.................................................................................................... 2 5

TYPE2270:MASTERSLAVEHEATINGDEVICEFORSTORAGETANKS................................................................. 2 5

TheUtilityComponentLibrary...............................................................................53
TYPE535:TRIGGEREDPRINTER.......................................................................................................................... 3 5 TYPE571:INFILTRATIONTOACONDITIONEDZONE.......................................................................................... 3 5 TYPE572:EQUIPMENTFOULING........................................................................................................................ 3 5 TYPE573:OUTPUTDEVICEFORAVERAGEDAYOFEACHMONTH..................................................................... 3 5 TYPE574:ASHRAEOCCUPANCYLOADS............................................................................................................. 3 5 TYPE575:SKYTEMPERATURE............................................................................................................................ 3 5 TYPE576:TWODIMENSIONALBINSORTER....................................................................................................... 4 5 TYPE577:RANDOMNUMBERGENERATORDRAWNFROMUNIFORMDISTRIBUTION..................................... 4 5 TYPE578:RANDOMNUMBERGENERATORDRAWNFROMNORMALDISTRIBUTION....................................... 4 5 TYPE579:NESTEDFORCINGFUNCTION............................................................................................................. 4 5 TYPE581:MULTIDIMENSIONALDATAINTERPOLATION ................................................................................... 4 . 5 TYPE582:LIFECYCLECOSTANALYSIS................................................................................................................. 4 5 TYPE584:OUTOFSETPOINTWATCHER............................................................................................................ 5 5 TYPE586:PIPINGNETWORKPRESSUREDROPCALCULATOR............................................................................. 5 5 TYPE932:SHERMANGRIMSRUDINFILTRATIONMODEL................................................................................... 5 5 TYPE939:RUNNINGAVERAGECALCULATOR..................................................................................................... 5 5 TYPE960:LBNLINFILTRATIONMODEL............................................................................................................... 5 5 TYPE980:ON/OFFTIMECALCULATOR............................................................................................................... 6 5 TYPE1232:CONVECTIONCALCULATOR............................................................................................................. 6 5 TYPE1236:EQUIPMENTOUTAGE....................................................................................................................... 6 5 TYPE1238:SIMULATIONEVENTALERT.............................................................................................................. 6 5 TYPE1243:WATERDRAWPROFILESASPARAMETERS...................................................................................... 6 5 TYPE1251:WATERDRAWPROFILESFROMDATAFILE...................................................................................... 7 5 TYPE1252:BEAMSHADINGCALCULATOR......................................................................................................... 7 5 TYPE2260:WINDSPEEDCONVERTER................................................................................................................ 7 5

TheCogeneration/CombinedHeat&Power(CHP)ComponentLibrary...............59
TYPE506:EVAPORATIVECOOLER(SWAMPCOOLER)........................................................................................ 9 5 TYPE507:FOGGINGDEVICE............................................................................................................................... 9 5 TYPE508:COOLINGCOIL(VARIOUSCONTROLMODES).................................................................................... 9 5 TYPE591:LOADFOLLOWINGSTEAMTURBINE.................................................................................................. 0 6 TYPE592:FLOWFOLLOWINGSTEAMTURBINE................................................................................................. 0 6 TYPE593:STEAMCONDENSERKNOWNCONDENSINGPRESSURE ................................................................. 0 . 6 TYPE594:STEAMDIVERTINGVALVE.................................................................................................................. 1 6 TYPE595:STEAMMIXINGVALVE....................................................................................................................... 1 6 TYPE596:PRESSUREREDUCINGVALVE ............................................................................................................. 1 . 6 TYPE597:CONDENSATEPUMP(SETSTHEFLOWRATE).................................................................................... 1 6 TYPE598:STEAMCONDENSER........................................................................................................................... 1 6 TYPE599:ELECTRICALGENERATOR.................................................................................................................... 2 6 TYPE602:GEARBOX(EFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE)......................................................................................... 2 6 TYPE603:CONSTANTEFFICIENCYGEARBOX..................................................................................................... 2 6 TYPE605:IMPOSEDLOADONASTEAMFLOW.................................................................................................. 2 6 TYPE606:LOADREMOVALFROMASTEAMFLOW(WITHCONDENSATE)......................................................... 2 6

TYPE608:CONDENSATEPREHEATERPINCHPOINTMETHOD ......................................................................... 3 . 6 TYPE609:CONDENSATEPREHEATEREFFECTIVENESSAPPROACH.................................................................. 3 6 TYPE610:STEAMDESUPERHEATER ................................................................................................................... 3 . 6 TYPE611:FLASHTANK........................................................................................................................................ 4 6 TYPE612:STEAMTRAPORSINGLEINLETSTEAMSEPARATOR.......................................................................... 4 6 TYPE613:STEAMPIPE........................................................................................................................................ 4 6 TYPE614:TWOINLETSTEAMSEPARATOR........................................................................................................ 4 6 TYPE615:DOUBLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER...................................................................... 4 6 TYPE616:SINGLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER........................................................................ 5 6 TYPE617:STEAMSUPERHEATER........................................................................................................................ 6 6 TYPE618:CONDENSATEPUMP(FLOWRATENOTSET)...................................................................................... 7 6 TYPE619:OPENFEEDWATERHEATER/DEAERATINGHEATER/OPENSTEAMHEATERSTEAMFLOW CALCULATED....................................................................................................................................................... 7 6 TYPE620:FITTINGPRESSURELOSS .................................................................................................................... 7 . 6 TYPE621:CLOSEDFEEDWATERHEATERSTEAMFLOWCALCULATEDTOACHIEVEUSERDESIGNATEDOUTLET CONDITION......................................................................................................................................................... 7 6 TYPE622:CLOSEDFEEDWATERHEATERWITHDRAINCOOLERSTEAMFLOWCALCULATED......................... 8 6 TYPE623:GASCOMPRESSOR............................................................................................................................. 9 6 TYPE624:STEAMORWATERINJECTIONDEVICE............................................................................................... 9 6 TYPE625:GASTURBINEWITHORWITHOUTWATERINJECTION(CATALOGDATA).......................................... 9 6 TYPE626:HEATRECOVERYHOTWATERGENERATOR....................................................................................... 9 6 TYPE627:HEATRECOVERYHOTWATERGENERATORWITHLOADFLOWCALCULATED................................... 0 7 TYPE628:PERFORMANCEMAPFULLLOADSTEAMTURBINE............................................................................ 0 7 TYPE629:AIRCOMPRESSOR(MOISTAIRCALCULATIONS)................................................................................ 0 7 TYPE630:AIRCOMPRESSOR(DRYAIR).............................................................................................................. 0 7 TYPE631:AIRPREHEATER/AIRCOOLEDINTERCOOLER/REGENERATORTHEORETICALGASTURBINE SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 . 7 TYPE632:FLUIDCOOLEDINTERCOOLERTHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS............................................ 1 7 TYPE633:COMBUSTIONDEVICETHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS........................................................ 1 7 TYPE634:TURBINESECTIONTHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS.............................................................. 2 7 TYPE635:STEAMSTEAMHEATEXCHANGER..................................................................................................... 2 7 TYPE636:HEATRECOVERYSTEAMGENERATOR............................................................................................... 3 7 TYPE637:HEATRECOVERYSTEAMGENERATORMAXIMUMSTEAMFLOW................................................... 3 7 TYPE638:STEAMBOILER(EFFICIENCYASINPUT).............................................................................................. 3 7 TYPE639:STEAMBOILER(EFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE).................................................................................. 4 7 TYPE640:FEEDWATERSTORAGETANK ............................................................................................................. 4 . 7 TYPE659:EXHAUSTGASSUPPLEMENTALFIRINGORPROPORTIONALHOTWATERBOILER............................. 5 7 TYPE682:HEATINGANDCOOLINGLOADSIMPOSEDONAFLOWSTREAM....................................................... 5 7

TheHighTemperatureSolarComponentLibrary.................................................76
TYPE257:PARABOLICSOLARCOLLECTOR.......................................................................................................... 6 7 TYPE258:DIVERTINGVALVE............................................................................................................................. 6 7 TYPE259:SOLARFIELDPIPING.......................................................................................................................... 6 7 TYPE260:MIXINGVALVE................................................................................................................................... 6 7 TYPE261:EXPANSIONTANK.............................................................................................................................. 6 7

THEAPPLICATIONSCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE514:THERMOSTATCONTROLS
TheThermostatControlsutilityprogram(ThermoSched.exe)andType514areusedinconjunction withoneanothertodefineasetpointschedulethatstaysthesameregardlessofthedayofthe week.Asetpointscheduleconsistsofaheatingsetpointandsetbacktemperatures,acoolingset pointandsetuptemperatures,andthehoursduringwhichtheyapply.Whilethisdocumentation hasbeenwrittenusingtemperaturesetpointsasanexample,itshouldbenotedthatthereis nothinginherentabouttheThermoSchedprogramthatforcesittobeusedonlyfortemperatures.It shouldalsobenotedthatthedifferencebetweenType520andType514isthatType520allowsfor differingschedulesduringweekdays,onSaturdaysandonSundayswhileType514appliesthesame scheduleregardlessofthedayoftheweek.

TYPE515:HEATINGANDCOOLINGSEASONSCHEDULER
TheHeatingandCoolingSeasonSchedulerutilityprogram(SeasonsScheduler.exe)andType515 areusedinconjunctionwithoneanothertoinputaheating/coolingseasonschedule.A heating/coolingscheduledenoteswhichportionsoftheyearwhenheatingorcooling(orboth) equipmentmaybeutilized.

TYPE516:MULTIPLEDAYSCHEDULER
TheMultipleSchedulesutilityprogram(MultSched.exe)andTRNSYSType516areusedin conjunctionwithoneanothertoinputscheduleswithaWeekday,Saturday,andSundaybasis.It shouldbenotedthatwhiletemperaturenotationisusedthroughoutthisdocumentation,thereisno inherentreasonwhyType516cannotbeusedtoscheduleanytypeofdatadesiredbytheuser. Type516differsfromType517onlyinthatitallowsfordifferentschedulestobesetforweekdays, SaturdaysandSundays.Type517appliesthesamescheduleregardlessofthedayoftheweek.

TYPE517:SINGLEDAYSCHEDULER
TheDailyScheduleutilityprogram(Sched.exe)andTRNSYSType517areusedinconjunctionwith oneanothertoinputa24hourschedule.Thesamescheduleisrepeatedforeverydayofthe simulation.Itshouldbenotedthatwhiletemperaturenotationisusedthroughoutthis documentation,thereisnoinherentreasonwhyType517cannotbeusedtoscheduleanytypeof datadesiredbytheuser.Type517differsfromType516onlyinthatitdoesnotallowsfordifferent schedulestobesetforweekdays,SaturdaysandSundays.Type517appliesthesameschedule regardlessofthedayoftheweek.

TYPE517_NORMALIZED:SINGLEDAYSCHEDULER
TheNormalizedDailyScheduleutilityprogram(Sched_Normalized.exe)andTRNSYS Type517_Normalizedareusedinconjunctionwithoneanothertoinputa24hourschedulethatcan benormalizedbytheclickabutton. 10

TYPE518:MONTHLYSCHEDULER
TheMonthlyValuesutilityprogram(MonthSched.exe)isusedinconjunctionwithTRNSYSType518 toinputschedulesthatchangeonamonthlybasis.Thiscomponentsetsamonthlyforcingfunction schedule.Theusermayhavethevaluebeconstantforthemonth,orbelinearlyinterpolatedfrom midpointtoanother.

TYPE519:HOLIDAYSCHEDULER
TheHolidaySchedulerutilityprogram(Scheduler.exe)andTRNSYSType519areusedin conjunctionwithoneanothertoinputandreadaholidayschedule.Aholidayscheduledenotes whichdaysoftheyearareholidays.Thistypeofscheduleisveryusefulwhentryingthematchthe actualoperationofabuildingorcalibrateasimulationtomeasureddataorwhenswitching betweenoccupiedandunoccupiedbuildingschedules.

TYPE520:MULTIPLETHERMOSTATCONTROLS
TheMultipleThermostatControlsutilityprogram(MultThermoSched.exe)andType520areused inconjunctionwithoneanothertodefineasetpointschedulethatchangesbasedonaweekday, Saturday,andSundaybasis.Asetpointscheduleconsistsofaheatingsetpointandsetback temperatures,acoolingsetpointandsetuptemperatures,andthehoursduringwhichtheyapply. Whilethisdocumentationhasbeenwrittenusingtemperaturesetpointsasanexample,itshould benotedthatthereisnothinginherentaboutthatMultThermoSchedprogramthatforcesittobe usedonlyfortemperatures.ItshouldalsobenotedthatthedifferencebetweenType520and Type514isthatType520allowsfordifferingschedulesduringweekdays,onSaturdaysandon SundayswhileType514appliesthesamescheduleregardlessofthedayoftheweek.

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THECONTROLSCOMPONENTLIBRARY
TYPE658:HUMIDISTAT
ThisON/OFFdifferentialdeviceismostoftenusedtocontroltheoperationofahumidifierbasedon thetemperaturesandrelativehumiditiesofthezoneandinletairventilationstream.The humidistatgeneratesacontrolfunctionwhichcanhaveavalueof1or0.Thevalueofthecontrol signalissetasafunctionofthedifferencebetweenasetpointrelativehumidityandtherelative humidityofthezoneair,comparedwithtwodeadbandrelativehumiditydifferences.Thenew valueofthecontrolfunctionalsodependsuponthevalueoftheinputcontrolfunctionatthe previoustimestep.Thecontrollerisnormallyusedwiththeinputcontrolsignalconnectedtothe outputcontrolsignal,providingahysteresiseffect.However,controlsignalsfromdifferent componentsmaybeusedastheinputcontrolsignalforthiscomponentifamoredetailedformof hysteresisisdesired.

TYPE661:DELAYEDOUTPUTDEVICE
Thiscomponentmodelsa"sticky"controllerwheretheoutputsaresettotheinputvaluesfroma userdefinedprevioustimestep.Forexample,theusercoulddecidetohavetheoutputstoanother componentbebasedonthezonetemperaturesfromtheprevioushourorevenfromtheprevious day.

TYPE698:5STAGEMULTIZONETHERMOSTAT
ThisON/OFFdifferentialdevicemodelsafivestageroomthermostatwhichoutputsfivecontrol signalsthatcanbeusedtocontrolanHVACsystemhavingathreestageheatingsourceandatwo stagecoolingsource.Thisversionofthemodelisdesignedtoallowtheusertospecifymultiple temperaturesformultiplezonestowatchwiththesamesetofsetpoints.Thecontrollercontains hysteresiseffectsandisequippedwithaparameterthatallowstheusertosetthenumberof controlleroscillationspermittedwithinasingletimestepbeforetheoutputvaluesstick.

TYPE911:DIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERWITHLOCKOUTS
ThiscomponentoperateslikethestandardType2differentialcontrollerinTRNSYSbutallowsthe usertospecifytheminimumOntimeandtheminimumresettime.Forexample,thecontroller couldbesetsuchthatoncethepumpcomesonitmuststayonfor15minutesandonceitturnsoff itmuststayoffforanhour.

TYPE953:TEMPERINGVALVECONTROLLER
Thiscomponentsimulatesbothatemperingvalvecontrollerfordomestichotwaterapplications andathreewayvalvecontrollerforsupply/returnsystems.Inthedomestichotwaterapplication, thiscomponentsetsthefractionofmainswaterthatbypassesthestoragetankandmixeswiththe waterfromthestoragetanktomaintainthedeliverytemperaturebelowauserspecifiedmaximum deliverytemperature(scaldsetpoint).Inasupply/returnapplication,thiscomponentcalculates 12

thefractionofreturnfluidthatmustbesenttotheheatsupplyinordertomaintainthemixed supplytemperatureattheuserspecifiedsetpoint.

TYPE970:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERMULTIPLESETPOINTS& DEADBANDSHEATING
AnNstagedifferentialcontrollerismodeledtooutputNON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeused tocontrolaheatingsystemhavingaNstageheatsource. Thecontrollercommandsafirststagecontrolsignalatlowinputvalues,asecondstagecontrol signalatlowerinputvalues,athirdstagecontrolsignalatevenlowerinputvaluesetc.throughthe nthdefinedlevel.Theusermustspecifythesetpointsanddeadbandsforeachstage.Thecontroller maylimittheturningonandoffofthestagesbasedonelapsedtimeforthepreviousstage.

TYPE971:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERMULTIPLESETPOINTS& DEADBANDSCOOLING
AnNstagedifferentialcontrollerismodeledtooutputNON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeused tocontrolacoolingsystemhavingaNstagecoolingsource. Thecontrollercommandsafirststagecontrolsignalathighinputvalues,asecondstagecontrol signalathigherinputvalues,athirdstagecontrolsignalatevenhigherinputvaluesetc.throughthe nthdefinedlevel.Theusermustspecifythesetpointsanddeadbandsforeachstage.Thecontroller maylimittheturningonandoffofthestagesbasedonelapsedtimeforthepreviousstage.

TYPE973:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERSINGLESETPOINTMULTIPLE DEADBANDSTIMEDELAY
AnNstagedifferentialcontrollerismodeledtooutputNON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeused tocontrolaheatingorcoolingsystemhavingaNstagesource.Themodelturnsonthefirststage whenthetemperaturefallsbelow(risesabove)thesetpointminus(plus)onehalfofthedeadband temperaturedifferenceandremainsonuntilthetemperaturerisesabove(fallsbelow)thesetpoint plus(minus)onehalfofthedeadbandtemperaturedifference.Thecontrollerwillturnonthe second,andsubsequentstages,afterauserspecifiedperiodoftimehaselapsedandthe temperaturehasnotyetreachedtheturnofftemperature(setpointplus(minus)onehalfofthe deadbandtemperaturedifference).Oncetheturnofftemperaturehasbeenreached,stageswillbe turnedoffoneatatimeaftertheuserspecifieddelaytimehasbeenpassed.

TYPE974:NSTAGEDIFFERENTIALCONTROLLERSINGLESETPOINTWITHTIME DELAY
Thissubroutinemodelsanstagethermostatwhichoutputsnon/offcontrolfunctionsthatcanbe usedtocontrolasystemhavingnlevelsofalternatives.Althoughtemperaturenotationisused,this controllercanbebasedonanyconsistentsetofinputvariabletypes.Thismodelwillstageonand offthevariouslevelsbasedonelapsedtimeinanattempttokeepthe"watched"temperatureatthe setpoint.

TYPE980:ON/OFFTIMECALCULATOR
13

Thiscomponentwatchesacontrolsignalandcalculatesthecurrent"on"and"off"timesofthe signal.Afterconvergence,iftheinputcontrolsignalisgreaterthan0.5thenthe"ontime"output controlsignalisincrementedbythetimestepandthe"offtime"signalissettozero.Iftheinput controlsignaliszero,the"ontime"controlsignalissettozeroandthe"offtime"controlsignalis incrementedbythetimestep.

TYPE1233:RUNTIMECONTROLLER
Theon/offcontrollergeneratesacontrolfunctionwhichcanhaveavalueof1(on)or0(off).That willturn"on"whenatemperaturesfallsbelowauserspecifiedsetpointtemperatureandstayon untiltheruntimeperiodhasbeenelapsedoruntilthetemperaturerisesabovethesafetylimit temperature.Thevalueofthecontrolsignalischosenasafunctionofthetemperatureinputand thetemperaturesetpointinput.Forsafetyconsiderations,ahigh/lowlimitcutoutisincludedwith thiscontroller.Regardlessofthecurrentconditions,thecontrolfunctionwillbesettozeroifthe highlimitconditionisexceededinheatingmodeorifthelowlimitconditionhasbeentrippedin coolingmode.We'vealsoaddedaminimumruntimeperiodandaminimumresettimeperiodto betterreplicatecontrollersfoundinmanyHVACandsolarapplications.We'vealsoaddedalockout inputthatsetstheoutputcontrolfunctiontozerowheneverthislockoutsignalisgreaterthan0.5. Thisfeaturecanbeusedtodisablethecontrollerduringcertaintimesoftheday,certaintimesof year,orduringperiodswhereagivencriteriaismet.

TYPE1250:OUTSIDEAIRRESETCONTROL
Thiscomponentcreatestwooutputs;atemperaturedependentsetpointandanon/offsignal.The userprovidesthemode(heatingorcooling)andtwopairsofambient/setpointcombinations. Therearemultiple(N)setpointconditionsavailabletocontrolwiththismodel.

TYPE1502:NSTAGEAQUASTATINHEATING
AthreestageaquastatismodeledtooutputthreeON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeusedto controlafluidcoolingsystemhavingasingleormultiplestageheatingsource(s).

TYPE1502_RH:NSTAGEHUMIDIFICATION
ThiscomponenthassimplybeenmodifiedfromthenominalType1502heatingaquastattocontrol asystemhavingasingleormultiplestagehumidification.

TYPE1503:NSTAGEAQUASTATINCOOLING
AthreestageaquastatismodeledtooutputthreeON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeusedto controlafluidcoolingsystemhavingasingleormultiplestagecoolingsource(s).

TYPE1503_RH:SINGLESTAGEDEHUMIDIFICATION
ThiscomponenthassimplybeenmodifiedfromthenominalType1503coolingaquastattocontrol asystemhavingasingleormultiplestagedehumidification.

TYPE1669:PROPORTIONALCONTROLLER
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Thiscomponentreturnsacontrolsignalbetween0and1thatisrelatedtothecurrentvalueofan inputascomparedtoauserdefinedminimumandmaximumvalue.Thiscomponentwasmodified fromType669inthepreviousversiontonowincludemaximumchangerate.

15

THEELECTRICALCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE551:PHOTOVOLTAICARRAYSHADING
Itisknownthatevenpartialshadingofphotovoltaics(PV)canhaveadramaticeffectuponarray performance.However,therelationshipbetweentheshadedareaofaphotovoltaicarrayandthe dropinelectricalperformanceduetothatshadedareaisnotonlyhighlynonlinearbutdepends upontheplacementofthearraywithregardstosurroundingobjectsanduponthearraysinterand intramodularelectricalconnections.Inordertoaccuratelyperformashadinganalysisofa photovoltaicarray,informationaboutthespecificorderinwhichmodulesareconnectedinseries inparallel,aswellassomemethodfordeterminingtimedependentshadowpatternsonthearray areneeded.Onlyinveryrarecircumstanceswouldauserhaveaccesstosuchinformation.Asan alternative,componentType551hasbeendevelopedasasimplifiedmethodforbracketingthe effectofshading.Usersareaskedtoselectbetweentwogeneralarrayconfigurations:generally horizontalrowsorgenerallyverticalrows.Thefirstconfigurationwouldbeappropriateforaseries ofballastedroofpanphotovoltaicsonaflatorslopedroof.Thesecondwouldbeappropriateina highrisebuildinginwhichPVisusedasawindowshadingdevice.TheTypeassumesthatthearray isdividedintoauserspecifiednumberofequallengthrowsandthatallrowsinthearrayare identicallysloped.Basedonconfigurationparametersandcurrentinputvalues,thecomponent outputstwodifferentestimatesofradiationincidentonthearrayrows.Inthemoreconservativeof thetwoestimates,arowthatispartiallyshadedfrombeamradiationisassumedtoseeonly diffuseradiation.Inthelessconservativeestimate,thefractionofthearrayexposedtobeam radiationiscomputedandtheentirearrayisassumedtobeexposedevenlytothatreduced amount.

TYPE560:FINTUBEPV/TSOLARCOLLECTOR
Thiscomponentmodelsanunglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeofcreatingpower fromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoafluidstreampassingthroughtubes bondedtoanabsorberplatelocatedbeneaththePVcells.Thewasteheatrejectedtothefluid streamcoolsthePVcellsallowinghigherpowerconversionefficienciesandcanbeusedtoprovide asourceofheatforvariouslowgradetemperatureapplicationssuchasspaceandwaterheating. ThismodelreliesonlinearfactorsrelatingtheefficiencyofthePVcellstothecelltemperatureand toincidentsolarradiation.Thecellsareassumedtobeoperatingattheirmaximumpowerpoint condition.ThethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmspresentedinChapter6ofSolar EngineeringofThermalProcessesbyJ.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.

TYPE562:SIMPLEGLAZEDORUNGLAZEDPHOTOVOLTAICPANEL
Type562modelseitheraglazedorunglazedphotovoltaicarray,basingitsperformancecalculation onauserprovidedoverallarrayefficiency.Efficiencymaybeconstant,variable,providedasa functionofcelltemperatureandincidentradiationinanexternalfileorprovidedforreference conditionsalongwithcoefficientsthatdescribetheeffectofcelltemperatureandincidentradiation changes.ThismodelisappropriateforPVarraysthatareconnectedtoaloadthroughamaximum powerpointtrackingdevicesincetheefficiencyoftheType562PVisnotdependentuponload voltage. 16

TYPE563:UNGLAZEDFINTUBEPV/TSOLARCOLLECTOR
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelanunglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeof creatingpowerfromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoafluidstreampassing throughtubesbondedtoanabsorberplatelocatedbeneaththePVcells.Thismodelreliesonlinear factorsrelatingtheefficiencyofthePVcellstothecelltemperatureandtotheincidentsolar radiation.Thecellsareassumedtobeoperatingattheirmaximumpowerpointcondition.The thermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmspresentedinChapter6ofSolarEngineeringof ThermalProcessesbyJ.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.ThisversionofthePV/Tcollectormaybe connectedtothemultizonebuildingmodelinTRNSYSsothattheimpactofthecollectoronthe buildingheatingandcoolingloadscanbeevaluated.

TYPE566:BUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITH ZONEAIRTEMPERATURE)
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelaglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeofcreating powerfromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoanairstreampassingbeneath theabsorbingPVsurface.Thismodelisintendedtooperatewithsimplebuildingmodelsthatcan providethetemperatureofthezoneaironthebacksideofthecollectorandpossiblyprovidean estimateoftheradianttemperatureforbacksideradiationcalculations(theroomairtemperature maybeusedasasuitableestimateoftheradianttemperatureifsurfacetemperaturesarenot available).Themodelallowsfortheusertochoosebetweentwomethodsofhandlingtheoff normalsolarradiationeffects.Themodelalsoallowstheuserthreeoptionsonspecifyinghowthe celltemperatureandtheincidentsolarradiationaffectthePVefficiency.Thecellsareassumedto beoperatingattheirmaximumpowerpointcondition,implyingthatthevoltageandcurrentare notcalculatedbythemodel.Thethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmssuppliedin SolarEngineeringofThermalProcessesbyJ.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.

TYPE567:BUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM(INTERFACESWITH TYPE56)
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelaglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeofcreating powerfromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoanairstreampassingbeneath theabsorbingPVsurface.Thismodelisintendedtooperatewithdetailedbuildingmodelsthatcan providethetemperatureofthebacksurfaceofthecollector(zoneair/collectorbackinterface) giventhemeansurfacetemperatureofthelowerflowchannel.TheType56multizonebuilding modelinTRNSYSinoneofthesedetailedzonemodels.Instructionsforconnectingthismodeltoa Type56buildingcanbefoundinthismodelstechnicaldocumentation.Themodelallowsforthe usertochoosebetweentwomethodsofhandlingtheoffnormalsolarradiationeffects.Themodel alsoallowstheuserthreeoptionsonspecifyinghowthecelltemperatureandtheincidentsolar radiationaffectthePVefficiency.Thecellsareassumedtobeoperatingattheirmaximumpower pointcondition,implyingthatthevoltageandcurrentarenotcalculatedbythemodel.Thethermal modelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmssuppliedinSolarEngineeringofThermalProcessesby J.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.

TYPE568:UNGLAZEDBUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM (INTERFACESWITHTYPE56)

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Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelanunglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeof creatingpowerfromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoanairstreampassing beneaththeabsorbingPVsurface.Thewasteheatrejectedtotheairstreamisusefulfortwo reasons;1)itcoolsthePVcellsallowinghigherpowerconversionefficienciesand2)itprovidesa sourceofheatformanypossiblelowgradetemperatureapplicationsincludingheatingofroomair. Thismodelisintendedtooperatewithdetailedbuildingmodelsthatcanprovidethetemperature ofthebacksurfaceofthecollector(zoneair/collectorbackinterface)giventhemeansurface temperatureofthelowerflowchannel.TheType56multizonebuildingmodelinTRNSYSinoneof thesedetailedzonemodels.InstructionsforconnectingthismodeltoaType56buildingcanbe foundlaterinthisdocument.Themodelallowstheuserthreeoptionsonspecifyinghowthecell temperature,andtheincidentsolarradiationaffectthePVefficiency.Thecellsareassumedtobe operatingattheirmaximumpowerpointcondition;implyingthatthevoltageandcurrentarenot calculatedbythemodel.ThethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmssuppliedinSolar EngineeringofThermalProcessesbyJ.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.

TYPE569:UNGLAZEDBUILDINGINTEGRATEDPHOTOVOLTAICSYSTEM (INTERFACESWITHZONEAIRTEMPERATURE)
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelanunglazedsolarcollectorthathasthedualpurposeof creatingpowerfromembeddedphotovoltaic(PV)cellsandprovidingheattoanairstreampassing beneaththeabsorbingPVsurface.Thismodelisintendedtooperatewithsimplebuildingmodels thatcanprovidethetemperatureofthezoneaironthebacksideofthecollectorandpossibly provideanestimateoftheradianttemperatureforbacksideradiationcalculations(theroomair temperaturemaybeusedasasuitableestimateoftheradianttemperatureifsurfacetemperatures arenotavailable).Themodelallowstheuserthreeoptionsonspecifyinghowthecelltemperature, andtheincidentsolarradiationaffectthePVefficiency.Thecellsareassumedtobeoperatingat theirmaximumpowerpointcondition,whichimpliesthatthevoltageandcurrentarenot calculatedbythemodel.ThethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmssuppliedinSolar EngineeringofThermalProcessesbyJ.A.DuffieandW.A.Beckman.

TYPE726:PROPORTIONALLIGHTINGCONTROLLER
Thiscomponentreturnsacontrolsignalbetweenauserdefinedminimumvalueand1thatis relatedtothevalueofaninputsignalatthecurrenttimestepandcomparedtouserdefined minimumandmaximumvalues.ThecomponentcanbeusedtosimulateanON/OFFcontrollerby settingtheminimumandmaximumsetpointvaluesequaltooneanother.Thecontrollerdiffers fromotherproportionalcontrollersinthatitgeneratesitsmaximumsignalatthelowersetpoint anditsminimumsignalatitsuppersetpoint.Inthisregard,theoutputisinvertedfromthatofa typicalcontroller.

TYPE727:CONTINUALLYSTEPPEDLIGHTFIXTURES
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodeloneofmanycontrolstrategiesforreducedenergyusage lighting.IttakestwocontrolsignalsandisonlyONifbothcontrolsignalsareON.Oneofthetwo controlsignalsisdigital,theotherananalogvaluebetween0and1.Thelightsuppliedbythe fixture(anditscorrespondingheatgain)aresteppedlinearlywiththevalueoftheanalogcontrol signal.Inatypicalapplication,thedigitalcontrolsignalsmightbeconnectedtotheoccupancyofthe aroom,whiletheanalogsignalisconnectedtoadaylightlevelsensor.Themodelalsofeaturesan automaticdelayedshutoffaswouldbeappropriatetomodellightingconnectedtoamotionsensor. 18

Whenthedigitalcontrolsignaldropstozero,thelightsstayon(andcontinuetodrawpowerand createaheatgaininthespace)forausersettableamountoftime.

TYPE728:MULTIPLEPOWERLEVELLIGHTS
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodeloneofmanycontrolstrategiesforreducedenergyusage lighting.IttakestwocontrolsignalsandisonlyONifbothcontrolsignalsareON.Inatypical application,oneofthecontrolsignalsmightbeconnectedtotheoccupancyofthearoom,whilethe otherisconnectedtoadaylightlevelsensor.Themodelalsofeaturesanautomaticdelayedshutoff aswouldbeappropriatetomodellightingconnectedtoamotionsensor.Whenoneofthetwo controlsignalsdropstozero,thelightsstayon(andcontinuetodrawpowerandcreateaheatgain inthespace)forausersettableamountoftime.Finally,usersmayspecifythenumberofpower levelsatwhichthelightingmaybeoperated.Bothpowerdrawandheatgainarecorrespondingly steppedback.

TYPE1236:EQUIPMENTOUTAGE
Thiscomponentmodelsapieceofequipment(utilitygrid,airconditioner,etc.)thatbecomes unavailableatplannedand/orrandomintervalsthroughoutasimulation.Asparameters,ittakes thenumberofrandomoutagesinagivenyear,theminimumandthemaximumallowableoutage length,arandomnumberseed,thenumberofplannedoutages,andthestarttimeanddurationof eachplannedoutage.

19

THEGROUNDCOUPLINGCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE653:SIMPLEFLOORHEATINGSYSTEM
Thiscomponentmodelsasimpleradiantslab(floorheatingorcooling)systemthatoperatesunder theassumptionthattheslabcanbetreatedasasinglelumpofisothermalmassandthatthefluidto slabenergytransfercanbemodeledusingaheatexchangereffectivenessapproach.

TYPE714:ASHRAEMETHODFORCALCULATINGSLABHEATTRANSFER
In2001ASHRAEFundamentalsChapter31,theAmericanSocietyofHeatingandRefrigeration Engineersproposesasimplifiedmethodforcalculatingtheenergytransferthrougharectangular slabongradewithvariousinsulationschemes(backinsulation,sideinsulation,noinsulation,etc.). Thesamechapterextendsthesimplifiedmethodtocalculatingenergytransferthroughbasements. ThisTypeshouldbeusedforslabswhileType715isavailableforcalculatingenergytransfer throughbasements.

TYPE715:ASHRAEMETHODFORCALCULATINGBASEMENTHEATTRANSFER
In2001ASHRAEFundamentalsChapter31,theAmericanSocietyofHeatingandRefrigeration Engineersproposesasimplifiedmethodforcalculatingtheenergytransferthrougharectangular aspectratiobasementwithvariousinsulationschemes(backinsulation,sideinsulation,no insulation,etc.).Thesamechapteralsopresentsthesimplifiedmethodasitappliestocalculating energytransferthroughslabs.ThisTypeshouldbeusedforbasementswhileType714isavailable forcalculatingenergytransferthroughslabs.Becauseofthemethodologyused,thismodelisnot appropriateforusewithType56butcanbeusedwithsimplifiedbuildingmodelssuchasstandard TRNSYSType12,or88,ortheTESSsimplifiedmultizonebuildingmodel(Type660).

TYPE943:VERTICALRECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWRAPPER
ThiscomponentinteractswiththeTESSstoragetankmodelandprovidesafully3Dconduction soilwrapperforthefluidfilledtank.Nearandfarfieldconsiderationsaretakenintoaccount.This modelisbasedontheTESSslabmodelapproachwhichhasbeenrecognizedasaresearchstandard byIEAtask34/43.Aversionofthiscomponentwherethereisastructure(houseetc.)abovethe tankisalsoavailable.

TYPE957:VERTICALRECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWRAPPERUNDER INSULATEDSURFACE
Thissubroutinemodelstheheattransfertothesoilforaburied,rectangularstoragetank.

TYPE993:RADIANTSLABONGRADE
Thiscomponentmodelsaseriesoffluidfilled,parallel,horizontalpipesburiedinaradiantfloor slab. 20

TYPE1244:MULTIZONEBASEMENTMODEL(INTERFACESWITHTYPE56)
Thisroutinemodelstheheattransferfromahorizontalorverticalsurfaces(typically,butnot limitedtoabasement)tothesurroundingsoil.Theheattransferisassumedtobeconductiveonly andmoistureeffectsarenotaccountedforinthemodel.Themodelreliesona3dimensionalfinite differencemodelofthesoilandsolvestheresultinginterdependentdifferentialequationsusinga simpleiterativemethod.Themodeltakestheheattransferinto/outofthebuildingattheoutside surface(QCOMOinTRNBUILD)foreachzone,calculatesthefully3Dsoiltemperatureprofile,and thenoutputstheaverageunderfloorsurfacetemperatureforeachzone.Alsoprovided,theGround TemperatureViewercandisplaythesoilnodetemperaturesoftheoutputfile.Thenearfieldsoil temperaturesareaffectedbytheheattransferfromtheslab.Thefarfieldsoiltemperaturesare onlyaffectedbythesurfaceconditions(timeofyear)anddepth.Themodelinreturncalculatesthe slab/groundinterfacetemperature,whichispassedbacktothebuildingmodelasaninput.This slabmodelisintendedtobeusedinconjunctionwithType56.Ifyouwishtousethisslabmodelin conjunctionwithasimplifiedbuildingmodel,youshoulduseType702instead.

TYPE1255:SLABONGRADEMONOLITHICPOUR(INTERFACESWITHSIMPLE BUILDING)
Thiscomponentmodelsamultizoneslabongradesituationwheretheslabisa"monolithicpour" slabwithoutfootings.Thismodelisintendedtoworkwithbuildingmodelsthatcanprovidethe zonetemperature,convectioncoefficient,incidentsolarradiationonthesurface,andeffectivelong wavetemperaturetothegroundcouplingmodel.

TYPE1256:SLABANDBASEMENTMODEL(INTERFACESWITHSIMPLEBUILDING
Thissubroutinemodelstheheattransferfromamultizonebuilding/slab/basement/crawlspace conditions(nonType56)thatcommunicatesthermallywiththeground.Theusermusthave createdanexternaldatafilewhichmapsthethreedimensionalair,soil,floor,wall,insulation,and footermaterials.ThissubroutineisnotintendedforusewiththeType56multizonebuilding modelinTRNSYS.Thismodelisintendedtoworkwithbuilding/zonemodelsthatcanprovidethe energybalancetermsforeachsurface(airtemperature,longwaveradiationexchange temperature,incidentradiation(lights,solaretc.)).

21

THEGEOTHERMALHEATPUMPCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE557:VERTICALUTUBEORTUBEINTUBEGROUNDHEATEXCHANGER
Thissubroutinemodelsaverticalgroundheatexchangerthatinteractsthermallywiththeground. Thisgroundheatexchangermodelismostcommonlyusedingroundsourceheatpump applications.ThissubroutinemodelsidenticalverticalUtubegroundheatexchangersoridentical verticaltubeintubeheatexchangers.Aheatcarrierfluidiscirculatedthroughthegroundheat exchangersandeitherrejectsheatto,orabsorbsheatfromthegrounddependingonthe temperaturesoftheheatcarrierfluidandtheground. IntypicalUtubeortubeintubegroundheatexchangerapplications,averticalboreholeisdrilled intotheground.Autubeortubeintubeheatexchangeristhenpushedintotheborehole.Thetop ofthegroundheatexchangeristypicallyseveralfeetbelowthesurfaceoftheground.Finally,the boreholeisfilledwithafillmaterial;eithervirginsoiloragroutofsometype. Themodelassumesthattheboreholesareplaceduniformlywithinacylindricalstoragevolumeof ground.Thereisconvectiveheattransferwithinthepipesandconductiveheattransfertothe storagevolume.Thetemperatureofthesurroundinggroundiscalculatedfromthreeparts;aglobal temperature,alocalsolution,andasteadyfluxsolution.Theglobalandlocalproblemsaresolved withtheuseofanexplicitfinitedifferencemethod.Thesteadyfluxsolutionisobtainedanalytically. Theresultingtemperatureisthencalculatedusingsuperpositionmethods. ThissubroutinewaswrittenbytheDepartmentofMathematicalPhysicsattheUniversityofLund, Sweden,andisconsideredtobethestateoftheartindynamicsimulationofgroundheat exchangers.Furtherinformationaboutthismodelmaybefoundin:Hellstrom,Goran,DuctGround HeatStorageModel,ManualforComputerCode,DepartmentofMathematicalPhysics,University ofLund,Sweden.

TYPE919:NORMALIZEDWATERSOURCEHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelawatersource(geothermal)heatpumpforwhichtheheating andcoolingperformancecanbereadfromafileofcatalogperformancedata.Itisassumedthatthe catalogdataaccountsfortheadditionalheatinputbythefan;bothinthepowerreportedandthe impactandthenetcapacity.Thisversionoftheheatpumpmodeltakesnormalizedcapacityand powerasparameters.

TYPE927:NORMALIZEDWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestagewatertowaterheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsa liquidstreambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)a secondliquidstream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthe normalizedcapacityandpowerdraw,basedontheenteringloadandsourcetemperaturesandthe normalizedsourceandloadflowrates.Type927operatesintemperaturelevelcontrolmuchlikean actualheatpumpwould;whentheuserdefinedcontrolsignalindicatesthattheunitshouldbeON 22

ineitherheatingorcoolingmode,itoperatesatitscapacityleveluntilthecontrolsignalvalues changes.

TYPE951:BURIEDTWINPIPE
Thiscomponentmodelsthetwopipesinasheathpipingsystemcommontothegeothermalheat pumpanddistrictheatingindustries(EcoflexTM).Inthismodel,twopipesareencapsulatedbyan insulatingmaterialandthensurroundedbyacylindricalsheath.Themodelallowstheuserto specifywhetherthepipesareflowinginthesamedirectionoroppositedirections.Pipetopipe interactionisconsidered.Thecylindricalsheath(outerpipe)issurroundedbyafully3Dradial conductionmodelofthegroundthatincludestheimpactofenergystorageintheground.

TYPE952:BURIEDSINGLEPIPE
Thissubroutinemodelsapipeburiedbeneaththegroundsurface.Theburiedpipeissurrounded bya3dimensionalfinitedifferenceconductionnetworkinordertocalculatetheheatbuildupin thesoil.

TYPE997:MULTILEVELHORIZONTALGROUNDHEATEXCHANGER
Thiscomponentmodelstheheattransferto/fromthegroundfromaseriesofhorizontalpipes buriedintheearth.Thepipesmaybeconfiguredinanyconceivableflowconfigurationincludingall inparallel,serpentine,doubleserpentine,intertwinedquadrupleserpentine,etc.Insulationmaybe placedonthesoilsurfaceandalsodowntheedgesofthepipesystem.Pipetopipeinteractionis considered.Thepipesaresurroundedbyafully3Drectangularconductionmodeloftheground thatincludestheimpactofenergystorageintheground.

TYPE1221:NORMALIZED2STAGEWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsatwostagewatertowaterheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsaliquid streambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)asecond liquidstream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthe normalizedcapacityandpowerdraw,basedontheenteringloadandsourcetemperaturesandthe normalizedsourceandloadflowrates.Type221operatesintemperaturelevelcontrolmuchlikean actualheatpumpwould;whentheuserdefinedcontrolsignalindicatesthattheunitshouldbeON ineitherheatingorcoolingmode,itoperatesatitscapacityleveluntilthecontrolsignalvalues changes.

23

THEHVACCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE506:DIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLER(SWAMPCOOLER)
Type506modelsanevaporativecoolingdeviceforwhichtheusersuppliestheinletairconditions andthesaturationefficiencyandthemodelcalculatestheoutletairconditions.Thecoolingprocess isassumedtobeaconstantwetbulbtemperatureprocessmeaningthatairentersandexitsatthe samewetbulbtemperature.Thedeviceisnotequippedwithcontrolsthatmonitortheconditions oftheoutletair.WhenthedeviceisON(basedonausersuppliedcontrolsignalvalue),Type506 coolstheairasmuchasitcangiventheenteringconditionsandthedeviceefficiency.Ifacontrolled evaporativecoolingdeviceismoreappropriatetotheuserscircumstances,Type507maybeused. Type507modelsasimilardirectevaporativecoolingdevicebuttakesatargetairoutletrelative humidity.

TYPE507:CONTROLLEDDIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLINGDEVICE(FOGGING DEVICE)
Type507modelsanevaporativecoolingdeviceforwhichtheusersuppliestheinletairconditions andatargetairoutletrelativehumidity.Theoutletairdrybulbtemperatureismodulatedgivento achievethedesiredoutletrelativehumidity.Thecoolingprocessisassumedtobeaconstantwet bulbtemperatureprocessmeaningthatairentersandexitsatthesamewetbulbtemperature.

TYPE508:COOLINGCOILWITHVARIOUSCONTROLMODES
Type508modelsacoolingcoilusingoneoffourcontrolmodes.Thecoolingcoilismodeledusinga bypassapproachinwhichtheuserspecifiesafractionoftheairstreamthatbypassesthecoil.The remainderoftheairstreamisassumedtoexitthecoilattheaveragetemperatureofthefluidinthe coilandatsaturatedconditions.Thetwoairstreamsareremixedafterthecoil.Initsunrestrained (uncontrolled)modeofoperation,thecoilcoolsanddehumidifiestheairstreamasmuchas possiblegiventheinletconditionsofboththeairandthefluidstreams.Themodelisalternatively abletointernallybypassfluidaroundthecoilsoastomaintaintheoutletairdrybulbtemperature aboveauserspecifiedminimum,tomaintaintheairoutletabsolutehumidityratioaboveauser specifiedminimumortomaintainthefluidoutlettemperaturebelowsomeuserspecified maximum.

TYPE510:CLOSEDCIRCUITCOOLINGTOWER
Type510modelsaclosedcircuitcoolingtower;adeviceusedtocoolaliquidstreambyevaporating waterfromtheoutsideofcoilscontainingtheworkingfluid.Theworkingfluidiscompletely isolatedfromtheairandwaterinthistypeofsystem.Closedcircuitcoolingtowersareoften referredtoasindirectcoolingtowersorindirectevaporators.

TYPE511:DRYFLUIDCOOLER

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Thiscomponentmodelsadryfluidcooler;adeviceusedtocoolaliquidstreambyblowingcoolair acrossthecoils.Theuserprovidestheperformanceatdesignconditions(easilyfoundonthe internet)andthemodelcalculatestheoffdesignperformance.

TYPE512:SENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEMODULATION
Type512modelsaconstanteffectiveness(minimumcapacitancerate)heatexchangerthatisableto controlhotsidefluidflowrateintotheheatexchangerinordertomaintainthecoldsideoutlet temperatureaboveauserspecified,timedependentsetpoint.Thiscomponentisdesignedtobe usedwithavariablespeedpumpthatisupstreamfromtheheatexchanger.

TYPE600:TWOPIPEFANCOIL
Thiscomponentmodelsa2pipefancoilmodel;deliveringheatingandcoolingtoanairstream fromasourceliquidstream.ThiscomponentisusedwithamassflowratewhereastheType928is usedwithavolumetricflowrate.

TYPE641:SIMPLEADIABADICHUMIDIFER
Thismodelrepresentsasimpleadiabatichumidifierwhoseoutletairstateisdeterminedbyan energybalance.Thermallossesfromthehumidifierareneglected.Themodelallowsforthe humidifiernottorespondimmediatelytothecontrolsignalbuttoreachitssteadystatemoisture gainrateexponentially.Furthermore,themodelallowstheusertodeterminewhethercondensate leavesthehumidifieratthetemperatureatwhichitenters,atthetemperatureoftheairexitingthe humidifieroratanypointinbetween.

TYPE650:HEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPCOLDSIDE OUTLETBELOWITSSETPOINT
Type650modelsaconstanteffectiveness/Cminheatexchangerthatisabletoautomatically bypasshotsidefluidaroundtheheatexchangerinordertomaintainthecoldsideoutlet temperaturebelowauserspecified,timedependentsetpoint.Thebypassmaybeenabledor disabledatanypointduringthesimulationifdesired.

TYPE651:RESIDENTIALCOOLINGCOIL(AIRCONDITIONER)
Type651modelsaresidentialcoolingcoil,morecommonlyknownasaresidentialairconditioner. Itreliesoncatalogdataprovidedasexternaltextfilestodeterminecoilperformance.Exampledata filesandinformationondatafileformatareprovided.Thiscomponentisfunctionallyidenticalto Type756exceptthatType756takesadifferentdatafileformat.

TYPE652:HEATEXCHANGERWITHHOTSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPCOLDSIDE OUTLETABOVEITSSETPOINT
Type652modelsaconstanteffectiveness/Cminheatexchangerthatisabletoautomatically bypasshotsidefluidaroundtheheatexchangerinordertomaintainthecoldsideoutlet temperatureaboveauserspecified,timedependentsetpoint.Thebypassmaybeenabledor disabledatanypointduringthesimulationifdesired. 25

TYPE655:AIRCOOLEDCHILLER
Type655modelsavaporcompressionaircooledchiller.Itreliesoncatalogdataprovidedas externaltextfilestodeterminechillerperformance.Exampledatafilesandinformationondatafile formatareprovided.

TYPE657:HEATEXCHANGERWITHCOLDSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPHOTSIDE OUTLETBELOWITSSETPOINT
Type657modelsaconstanteffectiveness/Cminheatexchangerthatisabletoautomatically bypasscoldsidefluidaroundtheheatexchangerinordertomaintainthehotsideoutlet temperaturebelowauserspecified,timedependentsetpoint.Thebypassmaybeenabledor disabledatanypointduringthesimulationifdesired.

TYPE659:AUXILIARYFLUIDHEATERWITHPROPORTIONALCONTROL (PROPORTIONALBOILER)
Type659modelsanexternal,proportionallycontrolledfluidheater.Externalproportionalcontrol (aninputsignalbetween0and1)isineffectaslongasafluidsetpointtemperatureisnot exceeded.Ifthesetpointisexceeded,theproportionalcontrolisinternallymodifiedtolimitthe fluidoutlettemperaturetothesetpointaswithType6.

TYPE663:ELECTRICUNITHEATERWITHVARIABLESPEEDFANAND PROPORTIONALCONTROL
Type663modelsanelectricunitheaterwhosefanspeedandheatingpowerareproportionallyand externallycontrolled.Proportionalcontrolindicatesthatbothfanspeedandheatingpowercan varybetween0andtheirratedvalues.Externalcontrolindicatesthatthefractionofratedcapacity orspeedisspecifiedasatimedependentvaluebytheuserandisprovidedtothemodelasaninput. Theheaterisdesignednottoexceedauserspecifiedsetpointtemperature.Ifatanypointinthe simulationtheheatercapacityandcontrolsignalwouldresultinanoutlettemperaturehigherthan thesetpoint,theexternalcontrolsignalvaluewillbeoverridden.Fanpowerisspecifiedasa polynomialrelatingnormalizedmassflowratetonormalizedfanpower.Theusermaycontrolthe extenttowhichthefanpowerresultsinatemperatureriseintheairstream.

TYPE664:ELECTRICUNITHEATERWITHVARIABLESPEEDFAN,PROPORTIONAL CONTROL,ANDDAMPERCONTROL
Type664modelsanelectricunitheaterwhosefanspeed,heatingpower,andfractionofoutdoorair areproportionallyandexternallycontrolled.Proportionalcontrolindicatesthatthesethree variablescanhaveanyvaluebetween0andtheirratedvalues.Externalcontrolindicatesthatthe fractionofratedcapacity,speed,oroutdoorairisspecifiedasatimedependentvaluebytheuser andisprovidedtothemodelasaninput.Theheaterisdesignednottoexceedauserspecifiedset pointtemperature.Ifatanypointinthesimulationtheheatercapacityandcontrolsignalwould resultinanoutlettemperaturehigherthanthesetpoint,theexternalcontrolsignalvaluewillbe overridden.Fanpowerisspecifiedasapolynomialrelatingnormalizedmassflowrateto normalizedfanpower.Theusermayalsocontroltheextenttowhichthefanpowerresultsina temperatureriseintheairstream. 26

TYPE666:WATERCOOLEDCHILLER
Type666modelsavaporcompressionstylewatercooledchiller.Itreliesoncatalogdataprovided asexternaltextfilestodeterminechillerperformance.Exampledatafilesandinformationondata fileformatareprovided.

TYPE667:AIRTOAIRHEATRECOVERYDEVICE
Type667usesaconstanteffectivenessminimumcapacitanceapproachtomodelanairtoair heatrecoverydeviceinwhichtwoairstreamsarepassedneareachothersothatbothenergyand possiblymoisturemaybetransferredbetweenthestreams.Becauseoftheconstanteffectiveness minimumcapacitancemethodology,themodelmaybeusedtomodeladevicewithany configurationofairstreams(parallelflow,crossflow,counterflow,etc.)andmaybeusedtomodel thesensibleandlatentaspectsofanairtoairheatexchanger,anenthalpywheel,ahygroscopic heatexchangerorapermeablewalledflatplaterecuperator,amongotherdevices.

TYPE670:AIRHEATINGCOIL(KEEPSTHEOUTLETAIRTEMPERATUREBELOWA USERSPECIFIEDSETPOINT)
Type670simulatesanairheatingcoilwithaninternallycontrolledbypassdamperthatactsto maintaintheoutletairtemperatureabovetheinletairtemperatureandbelowauserspecifiedset pointtemperature.

TYPE673:TWOPIPECONSOLEUNITINENERGYRATECONTROL
Type673modelsapieceofHVACequipmentcommonlyknownasatwopipeconsoleunit.Such devicespassairacrossatubebankthatcontainseitherhotorcoldfluid.Dependinguponthe temperatureoftheairandthefluid,theairwillexiteitherhotterorcolderthanitentered.Type673 modelsatwopipeconsoleunitinenergyratecontrolmode,meaningthatsensibleandlatentloads areinputstothemodel.Type673includesanumberofidenticalunitsparameterthatallowsfor easyscalingofthesystemtomeetthebuildingload.

TYPE676:DOUBLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
Type676usesanormalizedcatalogdatalookupapproachtomodeladoubleeffectsteamfired absorptionchiller.SteamFiredindicatesthattheenergysuppliedtothemachinesgenerator comesfromasteamsource.Becausethedatafilesarenormalized,theusermaymodelanysize chillerusingagivensetofdatafiles.Examplefilesareprovided.

TYPE677:DOUBLEEFFECTHOTWATERFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
Type677usesanormalizedcatalogdatalookupapproachtomodeladoubleeffecthotwaterfired absorptionchiller.HotWaterFiredindicatesthattheenergysuppliedtothemachinesgenerator comesfromahotwaterstream.Becausethedatafilesarenormalized,theusermaymodelanysize chillerusingagivensetofdatafiles.Examplefilesareprovided.

TYPE678:DOUBLEEFFECTDIRECTFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
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Type678usesanormalizedcatalogdatalookupapproachtomodeladoubleeffectdirectfired absorptionchiller.DirectFiredindicatesthattheenergythatmustbesuppliedtothemachines generatorcomesfromaburner(naturalgasorothercombustiblefuel)builtintothemachine. Becausethedatafilesarenormalized,theusermaymodelanysizechillerusingagivensetofdata files.Examplefilesareprovided.

TYPE679:SINGLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
Type679usesanormalizedcatalogdatalookupapproachtomodelasingleeffectsteamfired absorptionchiller.SteamFiredindicatesthattheenergysuppliedtothemachinesgenerator comesfromasteamsource.Becausethedatafilesarenormalized,theusermaymodelanysize chillerusingagivensetofdatafiles.Examplefilesareprovided.

TYPE681:SINGLEEFFECTDIRECTFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
Type681usesanormalizedcatalogdatalookupapproachtomodelasingleeffectdirectfired absorptionchiller.DirectFiredindicatesthattheenergythatmustbesuppliedtothemachines generatorcomesfromaseriesofburnersbuiltintothedevice.Becausethedatafilesare normalized,theusermaymodelanysizechillerusingagivensetofdatafiles.Examplefilesare provided.

TYPE684:AIRSIDEECONOMIZER
Type684modelsanairsideeconomizerthatinternallydeterminesanappropriatemixtureof outsideandreturnairthatwillresultinairdeliveredtothezoneatthesametemperature, enthalpy,orhumidityratioasairthatwouldbedeliveredbyacoolingcoil.

TYPE688:DEHUMIDIFIER
Type688modelsastandaloneallinonedehumidifierinwhichtheairstreamisincontactwith theevaporatorsection(coolsanddehumidifiestheair),andwiththecondensersection(reheats theair)oftherefrigerantloop.Theusercancontroltheamountofheatthatisaddedtotheflow streambysettinganinputvalue;avalueofzerosignifiesthatnoairreheatingisdoneandthatall thecompressorandevaporatorenergyisrejectedtothesurroundings.Avalueofonesignifiesthat allthecompressorandevaporatorenergyisaddedbackintotheairstreamflowingacrossthecoils. Themodelreliesonadatafilecontainingperformancedataatvariousenteringairconditions.The powerreportedinthisdatafileshouldcontainonlythecompressorpowerasthefanpoweris handledseparately.

TYPE689:HEATPIPE
Type689modelsapassivedevicecalledaheatpipe,whichtransfersenergyfromonefluidstream toanotheroftentimesthesamefluidstreambutwithaheatingorcoolingdeviceinserted betweenthetwoheatexchangersoftheheatpipe.Heatpipesarecommonlyusedin dehumidificationapplicationswherewarmhumidairiscooledtonearitsdewpointusingtheheat pipe,thenisfurthercooledanddehumidifiedinadehumidifier,thenispassedbackacrossthe otherendoftheheatpipewhereitisreheatedusingtheheatremovedfromthefirstcoolinginthe heatpipe. 28

TYPE692:PERFORMANCEMAPFLUIDCOOLER
Type692modelsasimplefluidcoolingdevice.Themodelreliesonanexternal,usersupplieddata filethatcontainsdevicecapacityandCOPasafunctionoftheinletfluidtemperatureandasink temperature.

TYPE696:AIRSTREAMCONDITIONINGDEVICE
Type696modelsasimpleairconditioningdevicethataddsorremovessensibleandlatentenergy fromanairstreamtomeetuserspecifiedsetpointconditionsoftemperatureand/orhumidity.In thisdevicethesensibleconditioncontrolsthelatentdecisions.Inotherwordsthedevicecannot heatanddehumidifyorcoolandhumidifytheairstream.Itcan,however,heatandhumidifyorcool anddehumidify.Tousethecomponenteffectivelyasadehumidifyingcoil,setthesetpoint temperatureincoolingtotheinletairtemperatureandthehumiditysetpointtodesiredlevel,then settheIREHEATparametervalueto1sothattheairisreturned(throughreheatafter dehumidification)toitsinletconditionorsetIREHEATto0allowforafreefloatingoutlet temperature.Tooperatethiscomponentasatemperaturecontrolleddeviceonly,choosetheRH inputmodeandsettheRHsetpointto100%incoolingandto0%inheating.

TYPE697:PERFORMANCEMAPCOOLINGCOIL
Type697modelsasimpleaircoolingdevicethatremovesenergyfromanairstreamaccordingto performancedatafoundinacombinationofthreeexternaldatafilesandbasedupontheflowrates andinletconditionsoftheairstreamandaliquidstream.Normallyawaterstreamisusedbutifthe externaldataisavailableforotherliquids,thatdatacanbeusedequallywell.

TYPE699:HEATEXCHANGERWITHCOLDSIDEBYPASSTOKEEPHOTSIDE OUTLETABOVEITSSETPOINT
Type699modelsaconstanteffectiveness/Cminheatexchangerthatisabletoautomatically bypasshotsidefluidaroundtheheatexchangerinordertomaintainthecoldsideoutlet temperatureaboveauserspecified,timedependentsetpoint.Thebypassmaybeenabledor disabledatanypointduringthesimulationifdesired.

TYPE700:SIMPLEBOILERWITHEFFICIENCYINPUTS
Type700modelsasimplesteamboiler.AccordingtoASHRAE,aboilerisdefinedbyitsoverall efficiency(output/input)andbyitscombustionefficiency((inputenergystackenergy)/input energy).Inthismodel,theboilerefficiencyandthecombustionefficiencyaresuppliedasinputsto themodel.Aminimumturndownratiohasbeenaddedforthelatestversionofthemodel.A versionofthiscomponentalsoexists(Type751)inwhichboilerandcombustionefficiencyareread asafunctionofenteringliquidtemperatureanddevicepartloadratiofromanexternaldatafile. Thiscomponent(Type700)assumesthatdeviceefficiencyisnotafunctionofinletconditions.

TYPE716:ROTARYDESICCANTDEHUMIDIFIER
Thiscomponentmodelsarotarydesiccantdehumidifiercontainingnominalsilicagelwhose performanceisbasedonequationsforF1F2potentialsdevelopedbyJurinakandHoweatthe 29

UniversityofWisconsin.Themodeldeterminestheregenerationtemperatureatambienthumidity ratiowhichwilldehumidifyprocessairtotheauserspecifiedhumidityratio.Theprocessstream andregenerationstreamoutletconditionsaredeterminedaswell.

TYPE751:SIMPLEBOILERWITHEFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE
Type751modelsasimplesteamboiler.AccordingtoASHRAE,aboilerisdefinedbyitsoverall efficiency(output/input)andbyitscombustionefficiency((inputenergystackenergy)/input energy).Inthismodel,theboilerefficiencyandthecombustionefficiencyarereadfromanexternal datafileinwhichtheyareprovidedasafunctionofenteringliquidtemperatureanddevicepart loadratio.Aversionofthiscomponentexists(Type700)inwhichthecombustionandboiler efficiencyvaluesarespecifiedasinputstothemodelinsteadofinanexternaldatafile.

TYPE752:SIMPLECOOLINGCOIL
Type752modelsacoolingcoilusingabypassfractionapproach.Auserdefinedfractionoftheinlet airstreamisassumedtoreachtheaveragetemperatureoftheliquidfilledcoilsofthedevicewhile theremainingfractionisassumedtocompletelybypasstheeffectsofthecoil.Thetwoairstreams thenmixbacktogetherandtheoutletconditionsarecalculated.TheType752coolingcoildiffers fromothercoolingcoilmodelsinthatitdoesnottreattheliquidsideofthesystematall.Itis assumedthatthecoilisnotconstrainedbytheliquidsideorinotherwords,thattheliquidsidecan absorbasmuchenergyfromtheairsideasneeded.Type752canbeusedinthreedifferentcontrol modes;inonecontrolmode,theoutletdrybulbtemperatureoftheairstreamismaintainedata desiredlevel.Inanothercontrolmodetheairoutlethumidity(whetherrelativehumidityor absolutehumidityratio)ismaintainedatadesiredlevel.Inthethirdcontrolstrategyboth temperatureandhumidityaremaintainedatdesiredlevels.Thiscoolingcoilmodelisnotdesigned tobeusedinafreefloatmodebecausenothingisknownabouttheconditionsofliquidenteringthe device.Themodelreportstheamountofenergyremovedfromtheairstreamand(ifboth temperatureandhumidityarecontrolled)theamountofreheatenergyrequiredtobringthe temperaturebackuptothedesiredlevelaftermeetingthehumidityrequirement.

TYPE753:HEATINGCOILWITHVARIOUSCONTROLMODES
Type753modelsaheatingcoilusingoneofthreecontrolmodes.Theheatingcoilismodeledusing abypassapproachinwhichtheuserspecifiesafractionoftheairstreamthatbypassesthecoil.The remainderoftheairstreamisassumedtoexitthecoilattheaveragetemperatureofthefluidinthe coil.Theairstreampassingthroughthecoilisthenremixedwiththeairstreamthatbypassedthe coil.Initsunrestrained(uncontrolled)modeofoperation,thecoilheatstheairstreamasmuchas possiblegiventheinletconditionsofboththeairandthefluidstreams.Themodelisalternatively abletointernallybypassairaroundthecoilsoastomaintaintheoutletairdrybulbtemperature aboveauserspecifiedminimum,ortomaintainthefluidoutlettemperatureaboveauserspecified minimum.

TYPE754:HEATER/HUMIDIFIER
Type754modelsadevicethatcanheatand/orhumidifyanairstream.Dependinguponthedevice controlmode,theoutletairstreamdrybulbtemperature,drybulbtemperatureandrelative humidity,drybulbtemperatureandhumidityratio,orhumidityratioonlywillbemaintainedby 30

thedevice.Type754isnotcapacitylimitedbutreportsthesensibleandlatentenergyrequiredto meettherequestedoutletconditionbasedontheairinletconditions.

TYPE757:INDIRECTEVAPORATIVECOOLER
Type757modelsanevaporativecoolingdeviceforwhichtheusersuppliestheinletairconditions ofaprimaryandsecondaryairstreamandthedeviceeffectivenessasafunctionofprimarystream inletairdrybulbtemperatureandsecondarystreaminletairwetbulbtemperature.Themodel calculatesoutletairconditionsandassumesthatthesecondaryairstreamprocessisaconstantwet bulbtemperatureprocessmeaningthatairentersandexitsatthesamewetbulbtemperature.The deviceisnotequippedwithcontrolsthatmonitortheconditionsoftheoutletair.Whenthedevice isON(basedonausersuppliedcontrolsignalvalue),Type757coolstheprimaryairstreamas muchasitcangiventheenteringconditionsandthedeviceeffectiveness.

TYPE760:AIRTOAIRSENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGER(HEATWHEEL)
Type760usesaneffectivenessminimumcapacitanceapproachtomodelanairtoairheat exchangerthattransfersonlysensibleenergy.Ifmoisturetransferaswellassensibleenergy transferbetweentheexhaustandfreshairstreamsisimportant,Type667(anairtoairheat recoverydevice)usessimilarprincipalstothismodelbutalsoaccountsformoisturetransfer betweentheairstreams.Type760includesfivedifferentcontrolmodes.Inthefirstofthesecontrol modes,theoutlettemperaturesofthetwoairstreamsarecompletelyuncontrolled.Intheother fouroperationmodes,thetemperatureofeitherthefreshorexhaustairstreamsismaintained eitheraboveorbelowauserdefinedsetpoint.

TYPE761:SENSIBLEHEATEXCHANGERTEMPERATUREDELTA
Type761modelsaheatexchangerthatisabletocontrolcoldsidefluidflowrateintotheheat exchangerinordertomaintaintheuserdefinedtemperaturedifferenceofthecoldside.This componentisdesignedtobeusedwithavariablespeedpumpthatisupstreamfromtheheat exchanger.

TYPE909:HOTWATERFIREDADSORPTION CHILLER
Type909isanadsorptionchillercomponentthatreliesonuserprovidedperformancedatafiles containingnormalizedcapacityandCOPratiosasafunctionofthreetemperatures:hotwaterinlet temperature,coolingwaterinlettemperature,andchilledwaterinlettemperature.

TYPE917:AIRTOWATERHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestageairsourceheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsawater streambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)theair stream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthecapacity (bothtotalandsensibleincoolingmode),andpower,basedontheenteringwatertemperatureto theheatpump,theenteringwaterflowrateandtheairflowrate.Othercurvefitsareusedto modifythecapacitiesandpowerbasedonoffdesignindoorairtemperatures.Theairhumidity effectsareneglectedinthismodelwhereasintheType941airtowaterheatpump,theair humidityeffectsareincluded. 31

TYPE918:DOUBLEMODEDEHUMIDIFIER
Type918modelsadoublemodedehumidifierwherethewasteheatiseitherdumpedbackintothe airstreamorintoawastewaterstream.Themodelreliesonanexternaldatafilecontaining performancedataatvariousenteringairconditions.

TYPE919:NORMALIZEDWATERSOURCEHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestageliquidsourceheatpumpwithanoptionaldesuperheaterfor hotwaterheating.Theheatpumpconditionsamoistairstreambyrejectingenergyto(cooling mode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)aliquidstream.Thisheatpumpmodelwas intendedforaresidentialgroundsourceheatpumpapplication,butmaybeusedinanyliquid sourceapplication.Theheatpumphasadesuperheaterattachedtoasecondaryfluidstream.In coolingmode,thedesuperheaterrelievestheliquidstreamofsomeoftheburdenofrejecting energy.However,inheatingmode,thedesuperheaterrequirestheliquidstreamtoabsorbmore energythanisjustrequiredforspaceheating.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafiles containingcatalogdataforthenormalizedcapacity(bothtotalandsensibleincoolingmode),and normalizedpower,basedontheenteringwatertemperaturetotheheatpump,theenteringwater flowrateandtheairflowrate.Othercurvefitsareusedtomodifythecapacitiesandpowerbased onoffdesignindoorairtemperatures.

TYPE921:AIRCONDITIONER(NORMALIZED)
Thecomponentmodelsanairconditionerforresidentialorcommercialapplications.Themodel requiresanexternalfileofperformancedatathatcontainsthenormalizedtotalcapacity,sensible capacityandpowerasafunctionoftheoutdoordrybulbtemperature,theindoordrybulb temperature,theindoorwetbulbtemperature,andthenormalizedevaporatorflowrate.

TYPE922:TW0SPEEDAIRSOURCEHEATPUMP(NORMALIZED)
Type922usesamanufacturerscatalogdataapproachtomodelanairsourceheatpump(airflows onboththecondenserandevaporatorsidesofthedevice).Themodelincludesmixingalgorithms anddampersettingssothattheindoorairmaybetheresultoftwostreamsfromdifferentsources (recirculationandmakeupairforexample.Inheatingmode,thedeviceisequippedwithoneof threeauxiliaryheatertypes:noauxiliaryheatavailable,twoelementelectricauxiliaryheat,orgas firedauxiliaryheat.Themodelutilizesnormalizedoffperformancedatasothattheheatpumpmay bequicklyresizedwithouthavingtoresorttofindingnewdatafiles.

TYPE923:TW0SPEEDAIRCONDITIONER(NORMALIZED)
Thecomponentmodelsatwospeedairconditionerforresidentialorcommercialapplications.The modelrequiresexternalfilesofperformancedatathatcontainsthenormalizedtotalcapacity, sensiblecapacityandpowerasafunctionoftheoutdoordrybulbtemperature,theindoordrybulb temperature,theindoorwetbulbtemperature,andthenormalizedevaporatorflowrate.

TYPE927:NORMALIZEDWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP

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Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestagewatertowaterheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsa liquidstreambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)a secondliquidstream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthe normalizedcapacityandpowerdraw,basedontheenteringloadandsourcetemperaturesandthe normalizedsourceandloadflowrates.Type927operatesintemperaturelevelcontrolmuchlikean actualheatpumpwould;whentheuserdefinedcontrolsignalindicatesthattheunitshouldbeON ineitherheatingorcoolingmode,itoperatesatitscapacityleveluntilthecontrolsignalvalues changes.

TYPE928:TWOPIPEFANCOIL(VOLUMETRICFANMODE)
Thiscomponentmodelsa2pipefancoilmodeldeliveringheatingandcoolingtoanairstreamfrom asourceliquidstream.ThiscomponentusesavolumetricflowratewhereastheType600usesa volumetricflowrate.

TYPE929:GASHEATINGCOIL
Type929representsanairheatingdevicethatcanbecontrolledeitherexternally,orsetto automaticallytryandattainasetpointtemperature,muchlikeType6doesforfluids,.Theheating coilisboundbyaheatingcapacityandefficiency.Theoutletstateoftheairisdeterminedbyan enthalpybasedenergybalancethattakespressureeffectsintoaccount.

TYPE930:ELECTRICHEATINGCOIL
Type930issimilartothepreviousgasheatingcoil,Type929,anditisalsoverysimilartothesimple heatingdevice,Type6,intheTRNSYSstandardcomponentlibraryaswell.Theoutletstateoftheair isdeterminedbyanenthalpybasedenergybalancethattakespressureeffectsintoaccount.

TYPE941:AIRTOWATERHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestageairtowaterheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsawater streambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)theair stream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthecapacity(for thewater),andpower,basedontheenteringwatertemperaturetotheheatpumpandtheentering airtemperaturetotheheatpump.Type941takeseitherairrelativehumidityorabsolutehumidity ratioasaninputandconsiderstheeffectsofairhumidity.

TYPE954:AIRSOURCEHEATPUMP/SPLITSYSTEMHEATPUMP
Type954usesamanufacturerscatalogdataapproachtomodelanairsourceheatpump(airflows onboththecondenserandevaporatorsidesofthedevice.Themodelincludesmixingalgorithms anddampersettingssothattheindoorairmaybetheresultoftwostreamsfromdifferentsources (recirculationandmakeupairforexample.Inheatingmode,thedeviceisequippedwithoneof threeauxiliaryheatertypes:noauxiliaryheatavailable,twoelementelectricauxiliaryheat,orgas firedauxiliaryheat.Themodelutilizesnormalizedoffperformancedatasothattheheatpumpmay bequicklyresizedwithouthavingtoresorttofindingnewdatafiles.

TYPE964:AIRCONDITIONERDOE2APPROACH
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ThissubroutinemodelsanairconditionerusingcurvesprovidedbytheDOE2program.This modelwaswrittenforinternaluseonlyontheORNLBuildingAmericaproject.Thismodelwas usedtoprovethattheloadsfromDOE2canbeimposedona"lumped"buildinginTRNSYS, CONTROLLEDWITHTHERMOStATs,andthenprovidessimilarHVACenergyconsumption.

TYPE966:AIRSOURCEHEATPUMPDOE2APPROACH
UsingtheapproachpopularizedbytheDOE2simulationprogram,theperformanceofanelectric airsourceheatpumpcanbecharacterizedbybiquadraticcurvefits.Inthismodel,normalized multipliersforthetotalcoolingcapacity,thesensiblecoolingcapacity,thecoolingpower,thetotal heatingcapacity,theheatingpower,andthecoilbypassfractionarecalculatedbasedonthecoil enteringairconditionsandtheambienttemperature.Thecapacityisassumedtorampup exponentiallytoitssteadystatevaluebasedonauserspecifiedtimeconstant.

TYPE967:GASFIREDFURNACEDOE2APPROACH
Inthismodel,theperformanceofaforcedairfurnaceischaracterizedbyaconstantheatinput ratio.Theheatingcapacityisassumedtorampupexponentiallytoitssteadystatevaluebasedona userspecifiedtimeconstant.

TYPE987:4PIPEPERFORMANCEMAPFANCOIL
Thiscomponentmodelsafancoilwheretheairisheatedorcooledasitpassesacrosscoils containinghotandcoldliquidflowstreams.Thismodelreliesonuserprovidedexternaldatafiles whichcontaintheperformanceofthecoilsasafunctionoftheenteringairandfluidconditions. Refertothesampledatafileswhichaccompanythismodelfortheformatoftheseexternalfiles.

TYPE995:PERFORMANCEMAPCOOLINGCOIL
Thiscomponentmodelsacoolingcoilwheretheperformanceofthecoilisreadfromanexternal datafilecontainingthenormalizedtotalandsensiblecoolingdataasafunctionoftheenteringair drybulbandwetbulbtemperatures,theairflowrate,theliquidflowrateandtheenteringliquid temperature.

TYPE996:2PIPEFANCOIL
Thiscomponentmodelsafancoilwheretheairisheatedorcooledasitpassesacrossacoil containingaliquidflowstream.Thismodelreliesonuserprovidedexternaldatafileswhich containtheperformanceofthecoilsasafunctionoftheenteringairandfluidconditions.Referto thesampledatafileswhichaccompanythismodelfortheformatoftheseexternalfiles.

TYPE1221:NORMALIZED2STAGEWATERTOWATERHEATPUMP
Thiscomponentmodelsatwostagewatertowaterheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsaliquid streambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)asecond liquidstream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthe normalizedcapacityandpowerdraw,basedontheenteringloadandsourcetemperaturesandthe normalizedsourceandloadflowrates.Type221operatesintemperaturelevelcontrolmuchlikean 34

actualheatpumpwould;whentheuserdefinedcontrolsignalindicatesthattheunitshouldbeON ineitherheatingorcoolingmode,itoperatesatitscapacityleveluntilthecontrolsignalvalues changes.

TYPE1225:ROTARYDESICANTDEHUMIDIFIER
Thissubroutinemodelsarotarydesiccantdehumidifierusingacatalogdataapproach.Theformat ofthedatafilewasdevelopedbasedonafreelyavailabletoolavailableforpredictingthe performanceofaNovellAirerotarydesiccantwheel.Thedatafilehasthreeindependentvariables: processairinlettemperature,processairinlethumidity,andregenerationairinlethumidity.The datafileisdevelopedforaparticularcombinationofprocessandregenerationairstreamflowrates andforaparticularregenerationtemperature.Theprocessairandregenerationairflowratesas wellastheregenerationairtemperaturearetakenasinputsbythemodelsothatwhenthewheelis OFF,thedevicecanactasapassthrough.

TYPE1231:RADIATOR
Type1231modelslowtemperaturehydronicheatdistributingunitssuchasradiators,convectors, andbaseboardandfinnedtubeunits.Thesetypeofunitssupplyheatthroughacombinationof radiationandconvectionwithoutfans.ThismodelisbasedontheinformationintheASHRAE HandbookHVACSystemsandEquipment[ASHRAE2004].

TYPE1246:AUXILIARYCOOLER
Type1246modelsanexternal,proportionallycontrolledfluidcooler.Externalproportionalcontrol (aninputsignalbetween0and1)isineffectaslongasalowerlimitfluidsetpointtemperatureis notexceeded.Ifthelowerlimitisencountered,theproportionalcontrolisinternallymodifiedto limitthefluidoutlettemperaturetothesetpoint.

TYPE1247:WATERTOAIRHEATPUMPSECTIONFORANAIRHANDLER
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglestageliquidsourceheatpump.Theheatpumpconditionsamoist airstreambyrejectingenergyto(coolingmode)orabsorbingenergyfrom(heatingmode)aliquid stream.Thismodelisbasedonusersupplieddatafilescontainingcatalogdataforthenormalized capacity(bothtotalandsensibleincoolingmode),andnormalizedpower,basedontheentering watertemperaturetotheheatpump,theenteringwaterflowrateandtheairflowrate.Othercurve fitsareusedtomodifythecapacitiesandpowerbasedonoffdesignindoorairtemperatures.

TYPE1248:AIRTOAIRHEATPUMPSECTIONFORANAIRHANDLER
Type1248usesamanufacturerscatalogdataapproachtomodelanairsourceheatpump(airflows onboththecondenserandevaporatorsidesofthedevice.Themodelutilizesnormalizedoff performancedatasothattheheatpumpmaybequicklyresizedwithouthavingtoresorttofinding newdatafiles.

TYPE1716:ROTARYDESICANTDEHUMIDIFIER

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Thiscomponentmodelsarotarydesiccantdehumidifiercontainingnominalsilicagelandwhose performance isbasedonequationsforF1F2potentialsdevelopedbyJurinak.Themodelcalculatestheoutlet conditionsofaprocessstreamandaregenerationstreambasedonknownprocessandinlet temperatureandeitherraltivehumidityorhumidityratio.

36

THEHYDRONICSCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE604:BIDIRECTIONAL,NODEDPIPEWITHWALL&INSULATIONMASS
UnlikethestandardType31pipemodelinTRNSYS,thiscomponentconsiderstheimpactofthe pipemass,andinsulationmass.Themodelcalculatestheheatlosscoefficientbasedonthefluid properties,thepipeproperties,theinsulationproperties,andconvection(forcedandnatural)and radiationfromtheoutersurfacetotheenvironment.Themodelassumesthatthepipecanbe characterizedbyaseriesofinterconnected,fullymixed,fluidnodes(mimicsplugflowwhenthe numberofnodesishigh).UnlikeanyotherpipemodelthatweknowofinTRNSYS,thismodel allowsyoutoflowfluidthrougheitherdirectioninthepipe(justnotbothdirectionsinthesame timestep).

TYPE607:AIRDUCT
Thiscomponentallowstheusertoestimatetheheatlosses/gainsbyanairstreamasitmoves throughaduct(circularornoncircularductscanbemodeled).Themodelassumesthattheduct canbecharacterizedbyaseriesofinterconnected,fullymixed,airnodes.Pressuredropeffectsare notcalculated.Theductmaybeinsulatedandbothforcedconvectionandfreeconvection(natural convection)effectsareconsidered.

TYPE642:SINGLESPEEDFAN
Type642,donatedatType112tothestandardTRNSYSLibrarywiththereleaseofv.16,modelsa fanthatisabletospinatasinglespeedandtherebymaintainaconstantmassflowrateofair.As withmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type642takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthe valueexceptinordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type642setsthedownstreamflowrate basedonitsratedflowrateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.

TYPE644:TWOSPEEDFAN/BLOWER
Type644modelsafanthatisabletospinatoneoftwospeeds,therebymaintainingoneoftwo constantmassflowratesofair.AswithmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type644takesmassflow rateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type644sets thedownstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflowrateparametersandthecurrentvalueofits controlsignalinputs.

TYPE646:AIRSUPPLYPLENUMWITHUPTO100PORTS
Type646modelsasupplyairplenum.Oneinletflowofairissplitupintoasmanyas100individual streamswhosemassflowratesareuserspecifiedfractionsoftheinletairflowrate.Thelimitof100 inletflowscanbemodifiedintheFortransourcecode.

TYPE647:FLOWDIVERTERWITHUPTO100PORTS

37

Type647modelsadivertingvalvethatsplitsaliquidinletmassflowintofractionaloutletmass flows.Oneinletflowmaybesplitintoasmanyas100individualstreams.Thelimitof100inlet flowscanbemodifiedintheFortransourcecode.

TYPE648:AIRRETURNPLENUMWITHUPTO100PORTS
Type648modelsareturnairplenum.Upto100individualflowsofairaremixedtogetherto determinethepropertiesoftheairexitingtheplenum.Thelimitof100inletflowscanbemodified intheFortransourcecode.

TYPE649:FLOWMIXERWITHUPTO100PORTS
Type649modelsamixingvalvethatcombinesupto100individualliquidstreamsintoasingle outletmassflow.Thelimitof100inletflowscanbemodifiedintheFortransourcecode.Theoutlet flowrateissimplythesumoftheinletflowrates.Theoutlettemperatureiscalculatedfromamass andenergybalanceontheairstreams.Thiscomponentcheckstomakesurethatthesumofthe inletfractionsis1.0.Ifnot,thelastfractioniscalculatedfromamassbalanceandnotfromthe specifiedfraction.

TYPE654:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP
Type654,donatedatType114tothestandardTRNSYSLibrarywiththereleaseofv.16,modelsa single(constant)speedpumpthatisabletomaintainaconstantfluidoutletmassflowrate.Pump startingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled,norarepressuredropeffects.Aswithmost pumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type654takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexcept inordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type654setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsrated flowrateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.

TYPE662:VARIABLESPEEDFAN/BLOWER
Type662,donatedasType111tothestandardTRNSYSLibrarywiththereleaseofv.16,modelsa fanthatisabletoturnatanyspeedbetween0(fullstop)anditsratedspeed.Whilethemassflow rateofairmovedbythefanislinearlyrelatedtothecontrolsignal,thepowerdrawnbythefanata givenflowratecanbeanypolynomialexpressionofthecontrolsignal.Aswithmostpumpsand fansinTRNSYS,Type662takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinorderto performmassbalancechecks.Type662setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflowrate parametersandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinputs.

TYPE695:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWERCALCULATED FROMHEADANDDESIREDFLOWRATE
Type695modelsapumpthatsetsitsoutletmassflowrateequaltoauserspecifiedmaximummass flowratemultipliedbyacontrolsignalthatcanvarybetweenavalueof0and1.Byinsuringthat thecontrolsignalonlyeverhasavalueof0or1(neveranythinginbetween)Type695canequally wellbeusedtomodelaconstantspeedpump.LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type695 ignorestheinletmassflowrateofliquidandsetsthedownstreamflow.Thepumpspowerdrawis calculatedbaseduponauserspecifiedpolynomial.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsare notmodeled. 38

TYPE709:PIPE(UVALUECALCULATEDFROMPHYSICALCHARACTERISTICS)
VerymuchlikestandardTRNSYSType31,thiscomponentmodelsthethermalbehavioroffluidflow inapipeorductusingvariablesizesegmentsoffluid.Enteringfluidshiftsthepositionofexisting segments.Themassofthenewsegmentisequaltotheflowratemultipliedbythesimulationtime step.Thenewsegment'stemperatureisthatoftheincomingfluid.Theoutletofthispipeisa collectionoftheelementsthatarepushedoutbytheinletflow.Thissocalledplugflowmodel doesnotconsidermixingorconductionbetweenadjacentelements.Amaximumof25segments areallowedinthepipe.Whenthemaximumisreached,thetwoadjacentsegmentswiththeclosest temperaturesarecombinedtomakeasinglesegment.WhereType709differsfromType31isthat insteadofaskingtheusertoprovideanoverallUAvalueforthepipeanditsinsulation,theuseris hereaskedtoprovidethephysicalcharacteristicsofthepipematerial,fluidandinsulationmaterial.

TYPE740:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWER CALCULATEDFROMPRESSUREDROPANDPUMPEFFICIENCY
Type740modelsasingle(constant)speedpumpthatisabletomaintainaconstantfluidoutlet massflowrate.Thepumpspowerdrawiscalculatedfrompressurerise,motorefficiencyandfluid characteristics.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled.Aswithmostpumps andfansinTRNSYS,Type740takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinorder toperformmassbalancechecks.Type740setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflow rateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.

TYPE741:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,CONTROLSIGNALINPUT,POWERCALCULATED FROMPRESSURERISEANDPUMPEFFICIENCY
Type741modelsavariablespeedpumpthatisabletoproduceanymassflowratebetweenzero anditsratedflowrate.Thepumpspowerdrawiscalculatedfrompressurerise,motorefficiency andfluidcharacteristics.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled.Aswithmost pumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type741takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexcept inordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type741setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsrated flowrateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.

TYPE742:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT, POWERCALCULATEDFROMPRESSURERISEANDPUMPEFFICIENCY
Type742modelsapumpthatsetsitsfluidoutletmassflowrateequaltotheuserspecifiedinlet massflowrate.Becausemassflowrateisaninput(asopposedtoaparameter),Type742can equallywellbeusedtomodelaconstantoravariablespeedpump.Unlikemostpumpsandfansin TRNSYS,Type742passestheinletmassflowratethroughtoitsoutput.Type742setsthe downstreamflowbutdoesnottakeeitheramaximumallowableflowrateoracontrolsignal.The pumpspowerdrawiscalculatedfrompressurerise,motorefficiency,fluidflowrateandfluid characteristics.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled.

TYPE743:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT, POWERCALCULATEDFROMPOWERCURVEPOLYNOMIAL

39

Type743modelsapumpthatsetsitsoutletmassflowrateequaltoauserspecifiedinletmassflow rate.Becausemassflowrateisaninput(asopposedtoaparameter),Type743canequallywellbe usedtomodelaconstantoravariablespeedpump.UnlikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS, Type743passestheinletmassflowrateoffluidthroughtoitsoutput.Type743setsthe downstreamflowbutdoesnottakeacontrolsignal.Thepumpspowerdrawiscalculatedbased uponauserspecifiedpolynomial.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled.

TYPE744:VARIABLEORCONSTANTSPEEDFAN,MASSFLOWRATEINPUT,POWER CALCULATEDFROMPOWERCURVEPOLYNOMIAL
Type744modelsafanthatsetsitsoutletmassflowrateequaltoauserspecifiedinletmassflow rate.Becausemassflowrateisaninput(asopposedtoaparameter),Type744canequallywellbe usedtomodelaconstantoravariablespeedfan.UnlikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type744 passestheinletmassflowrateofairthroughtoitsoutput.Type744setsthedownstreamflowbut doesnottakeacontrolsignal.Thefanspowerdrawiscalculatedbaseduponauserspecified polynomial.Fanstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled.

TYPE745:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROM AVAILABLEPOWER,POWERDRAWNCALCULATEDFROMMOTOREFFICIENCYAND PRESSURERISE


Type745modelsapumpthatsetsitsoutletmassflowratebaseduponuserspecifiedavailable power.Itcalculatesthepowerdrawnbythepumpbasedonmotorefficiencyandpumppressure rise.LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type745takestheinletmassflowrateoffluidasan inputbutdoesnotnecessarilypassthevaluethroughtoitsoutput.Type745setsthedownstream flow.Becauseofthepowerinput,thispumpmodelisparticularlyusefulfordirectdrive applicationsinwhichapumpisdirectlyconnectedtoanintermittentpowersource.

TYPE746:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROM AVAILABLEPOWER,POWERDRAWNCALCULATEDFROMPOWERCURVE
Type746modelsapumpthatsetsitsoutletmassflowratebaseduponuserspecifiedavailable power.Itthencalculatesthepowerdrawnbythepumpusingapowercurve.Likemostpumpsand fansinTRNSYS,Type746takestheinletmassflowrateoffluidasaninputbutdoesnotnecessarily passthevaluethroughtoitsoutput.Type746setsthedownstreamflow.Becauseofthepower input,thispumpmodelisparticularlyusefulfordirectdriveapplicationsinwhichapumpis directlyconnectedtoanintermittentpowersource.

TYPE747:CONSTANTSPEEDPUMP,MASSFLOWRATECALCULATEDFROM MATCHINGSYSTEMCURVEANDHEADCURVE
Type747modelsapumpwhoseoutletmassflowrateisbaseduponausersuppliedON/OFFsignal andtheintersectionpointbetweenauserspecifiedsystemheadcurve(polynomial)andauser specifiedpumpheadcurve(externaldatafile).LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type747 takestheinletmassflowrateoffluidasaninputbutdoesnotnecessarilypassthevaluethroughto itsoutput.Type747setsthedownstreamflowbasedsolelyuponthepump/systemcurve intersectionpoint.

40

TYPE748:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,DESIREDMASSFLOWRATEINPUT,MATCH SYSTEMCURVEANDHEADCURVE
Type748modelsapumpwhoseoutletmassflowrateisbaseduponausersuppliedON/OFFsignal, auserspecifieddesiredmassflowrateandtheintersectionpointbetweenauserspecifiedsystem headcurve(polynomial)andaseriesofuserspecifiedpumpheadcurveforvariouspumpspeeds (externaldatafile).LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type748takestheinletmassflowrateof fluidasaninputbutdoesnotnecessarilypassthevaluethroughtoitsoutput.Type748setsthe downstreamflowbasedsolelyuponthepump/systemcurveintersectionpoint.

TYPE749:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,POWERINPUT,MATCHSYSTEMCURVEAND HEADCURVE
Type749modelsapumpwhoseoutletmassflowrateisbaseduponauserspecifiedamountof availablepowerandtheintersectionpointbetweenauserspecifiedsystemheadcurve (polynomial)andaseriesofuserspecifiedpumpheadcurveforvariouspumpspeeds(external datafile).LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type749takestheinletmassflowrateoffluidas aninputbutdoesnotnecessarilypassthevaluethroughtoitsoutput.Type749setsthe downstreamflowbasedsolelyuponthepump/systemcurveintersectionpoint.

TYPE750:VARIABLESPEEDPUMP,FRACTIONOFRATEDSPEEDINPUT,MATCH SYSTEMCURVEANDHEADCURVE
Type750modelsavariablespeedpumpwhoseflowrateiscalculatedbasedontheintersectionof thepumpcurveandthesystemcurve.Theusermustspecifycoefficientsofthesystemcurve polynomial(headpressureversusflowrate)andmustprovideanexternaldatafilecontainingthe pumpcurve(headversusflowrate)atseveralvaluesoftherotationalspeed.Type750willattempt tofindaflowratethatprovidesthesamesystemheadandpumpheadgiventheprovidedfraction ofratedrotationalspeed.LikemostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type750takestheinletmassflow rateoffluidasaninputbutdoesnotnecessarilypassthevaluethroughtoitsoutput.Type750sets thedownstreamflowbasedsolelyuponthepump/systemcurveintersectionpoint.

TYPE924:TWOSPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION
Type924modelsafanthatisabletospinatoneoftwospeeds,therebymaintainingoneoftwo constantvolumetricflowratesofair.AswithmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type924takesmass flowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinordertoperformmassbalancechecks. Type924setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflowrateparametersandthecurrent valueofitscontrolsignalinputs.

TYPE925:SINGLESPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION
Type925modelsafanthatisabletospinatasinglespeedandtherebymaintainaconstant volumetricflowrateofair.AswithmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type925takesmassflowrate asaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type925setsthe downstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflowrateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrol signalinput.

41

TYPE926:VARIABLESPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION
Type926modelsafanthatisabletoturnatanyspeedbetween0(fullstop)anditsratedspeed. Whilethevolumetricflowrateofairmovedbythefanislinearlyrelatedtothecontrolsignal,the powerdrawnbythefanatagivenflowratecanbeanypolynomialexpressionofthecontrolsignal. AswithmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type926takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthe valueexcepttoperformmassbalancechecks.Type926setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonits ratedflowrateparametersandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinputs.

TYPE976:TWOSPEEDPUMPMASSFLOWRATEVERSION
Type976modelsatwo(constant)speedpumpthatisabletomaintainaconstantfluidoutletmass flowrate.Pumpstartingandstoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled,norarepressuredrop effects.AswithmostpumpsandfansinTRNSYS,Type976takesmassflowrateasaninputbut ignoresthevalueexceptinordertoperformmassbalancechecks.Type976setsthedownstream flowratebasedonitsratedflowrateparametersandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinputs.

TYPE977:VARIABLESPEEDPUMPVOLUMETRICVERSION
Type977modelsavariablespeedpumpthatisabletomaintainanyoutletvolumetricflowrate betweenzeroandaratedvalue.Thevolumetricflowrateofthepumpvarieslinearlywithcontrol signalsetting.Pumppowerdraw,however,ismodeledusingapolynomial.Pumpstartingand stoppingcharacteristicsarenotmodeled,norarepressuredropeffects.Aswithmostpumpsand fansinTRNSYS,Type977takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinorderto performmassbalancechecks.Type977setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsrated volumetricflowrateparameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.

TYPE978:TWOSPEEDFANVOLUMETRICVERSION
Type978modelsavariablespeedpumpthatisabletomaintainanyoutletmassflowratebetween zeroandaratedvalue.Themassflowrateofthepumpvarieslinearlywithcontrolsignalsetting. Pumppowerdraw,however,ismodeledusingapolynomial.Pumpstartingandstopping characteristicsarenotmodeled,norarepressuredropeffects.Aswithmostpumpsandfansin TRNSYS,Type978takesmassflowrateasaninputbutignoresthevalueexceptinordertoperform massbalancechecks.Type978setsthedownstreamflowratebasedonitsratedflowrate parameterandthecurrentvalueofitscontrolsignalinput.Thismodelvariesfromitspredecessor (Type656)inthatitincludesadivertingvalveupstreamofthepump.

42

THELOADS&STRUCTURESCOMPONENTLIBRARY

LibraryofBuildingTemplates
ThissetofbuildingsisbasedonresearchcarriedoutatthePacificNorthwestLaboratory(PNL). TheUnitedStatesofficebuildingstockwascategorizedusingastatisticallyvalidsampleofthe nationsofficebuildingsectorknownastheCommercialBuildingEnergyConsumptionSurvey (CBECS)[EIA1986,1989].Thecategoriesweredevelopedusingastatisticaltechniqueknownas clusteranalysisbasedonattributessuchassize,ageandlocation.Twentybuildingsrepresenting theexistingbuildingstockasof1979weredescribedbyBriggsetal(1987)andfivebuildings representingexpectedconstructionbetween1980and1995weredescribedbyCrawleyetal (1992).TheresultingtwentyfivebuildingswereenteredintoTRNBuildandincludetemplate TRNSYSStudioprojectsincludingschedulesforoccupancy,lighting,equipment,heatingandcooling setpoints.

TYPE56WindowLibrary
Historically,fivegenericwindowshavebeenincludedwiththemultizonebuildingmodel(Type56) intheTRNSYSpackage.UserscancreatenewwindowsforusewithType56byrunningafreely downloadablesoftwareproductcalledWindow,writtenbyLawrenceBerkeleyNationalLabs.The GreenBuildingLibraryincludesanexpandedlibraryofwindowsthatwerecreatedusingversion 5.2oftheLBNLWindowsoftwarepackage.Thewindowscomefromfoursources;ASHRAE Standard90.1.99TableA17,ASHRAEStandard90.199codeminimumwindowsforvariouswall coveragesandforaparticularclimatezone(definedintermsofheatingandcoolingdegreedays).A windowthatmatchesthewindowdefinedinASHRAEStandard140andintheBESTESTStandard, andasetofwindowsthatareusedintheBuildingAmericaprogram.Inall,over100newwindows areavailableforusewithType56.

TYPE660:MULTIZONELUMPEDCAPACITANCEBUILDING
Thissubroutinemodelsthetemperatureandhumiditylevelofasimplebuildingzonesubjectto infiltrationeffects,ventilationeffects,skinlosses,internalheatandmassgains,andconductiveand convectiveexchangeswithadjacentzones.Themodelusestwodifferentialequationstosolvefor theheatandmassbalancesateachtimestep.Thismodelisuniqueinthattheusermayoperatethe buildinginoneoftwouniquecontrolmodes.Inthefirstmode,theusercontrolsthetemperature andhumidityofthezoneexternallythroughthecontroloftheventilationflowstream.Thismethod ofcontrolistermedtemperaturelevelcontrolandrequiresthattheusertypicallysettheavailable heating,cooling,humidifyinganddehumidifyingcapacitiestozero. Inthesecondmode,thetemperatureandhumidityareideallycontrolledinsidethemodelto maintainuserspecifiedsetpoints.Themodelthenoutputstheenergiesthatwererequiredto maintainthesesetpoints.Thismethodofcontrolisoftentermedenergyratecontrol.Seethe discussiononenergyratecontrolinthemainTRNSYSmanualformoredetailsaboutthistopic.

TYPE682:LOADIMPOSEDONALIQUIDSTREAM
43

OfteninsimulatinganHVACsystem,theheatingandcoolingloadsonthebuildinghavealready beendetermined,eitherbymeasurementorthroughtheuseofanothersimulationprogramandyet thesimulationtaskathandistosimulatetheeffectoftheseloadsuponthesystem.Thiscomponent allowsfortheretobeaninteractionbetweensuchprecalculatedloadsandtheHVACsystemby imposingtheloaduponaliquidflowingthroughapipe.

TYPE686:SYNTHETICBUILDINGLOADSGENERATOR
Thiscomponentwillgeneratehourlyheatingandcoolingloadsforasyntheticbuildingbasedon userdefinedpeakheatingandcoolingloadsandmodifyingsinewavefunctionsusedtoaccountfor seasonalvariations,timeofdayvariationsandweekday/weekenddifferences.Theusermayalso havethemodelgeneratesomerandomnoiseonbothanhourlybasisandadailybasistomore realisticallymodelrealbuildingloads.Thiscomponentisanexcellentfirstchoiceforsimulations requiringheatingandcoolingloadsforcommercial,industrial,andresidentialbuildings.Themodel representsaquickmethodofprovidingrealisticloadswithoutthetimeintensivemodeling requiredofarealbuilding.

TYPE687:NATIONALFENESTRATIONRATINGCOUNCIL(NFRC)WINDOW
TheType687modelcalculatestheamountofsolarenergyandilluminationtransmittedthrougha windowgivenonlythebasicinformationavailableontheNationalFenestrationRatingCouncil labelofanywindowcommerciallyavailableintheUnitedStates.Namely,theUValue,SolarHeat GainCoefficient(SHGC)andthetransmittancetovisiblelight.

TYPE690:ENERGYRATELOADSCONVERSION
Thiscomponentmodelsasinglenodelumpedcapacitanceusingadifferentialequation.Itthen takesinputsofheatingload,sensibleandlatentcoolingload(whichmayhavebeengeneratedby someothersimulationprogramsuchasDOE2)and,usingknowledgeofthelumpcapacitance, turnsthoseloadsintoamodulatingtemperature.Thecomponentalsohasinputsfortheconditions ofventilationstreams,whichmaybeconditionedtocontrolthemodulatingtemperature.Type690 isquiteausefulcomponentforthoseseekingtomodelnewHVACsystemsforbuildingswhose heatingandcoolingloadshavealreadybeensimulatedbyotherparties,perhapsnotusingTRNSYS.

TYPE693:LOADIMPOSEDONANAIRSTREAM
OfteninsimulatinganHVACsystem,theheatingandcoolingloadsonthebuildinghavealready beendetermined,eitherbymeasurementorthroughtheuseofanothersimulationprogram.This componentallowsfortheretobeaninteractionbetweensuchprecalculatedloadsandtheHVAC systembyimposingthemuponairflowingthroughaduct.

TYPE759:LUMPEDCAPACITANCEMULTIZONEBUILDINGWITHNOCONTROLS
Thissubroutinemodelsthetemperatureandhumiditylevelofasimplebuildingzonesubjectto infiltrationeffects,ventilationeffects,skinlosses,internalheatandmassgains,andconductiveand convectiveexchangeswithadjacentzones.Themodelusestwodifferentialequationstosolvefor theheatandmassbalancesateachtimestep.Thezonetemperatureandhumidityarecontrolled externallythroughtheconditioningofaventilationflowstream. 44

TYPE912:OPENWINDOWMODEL
Thiscomponentmodelstheopeningandclosingofwindowsinaresidencebytheoccupants. Windowsmaybeopenedbytheoccupantbaseduponaprobabilityofthewindowbeingopened provided: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. theambienttemperature(andpossiblyenthalpy)arelessthanthecurrentzoneconditions thezonetemperatureisabovesomeminimumtemperature thewindowisnotcurrently"lockedout"(auserinputsignal) mechanicalventilationisnotbeingsuppliedtothezone thewindowhasnotbeenclosedinthelastDThours(DTisauserprovidedvalue)

Onceopened,thewindowremainsopenunlessoneofthefirstfourconditionslistedaboveoccurs.

TYPE936:REFRIGERATORMODEL
Thissubroutinemodelsarefrigeratorasalumpedcapacitencesystem.Themodelalsoreferences anexternaldatafilefortheperformanceofthedeviceasafunctionofthezoneandevaporator temperature.

TYPE963:LUMPMODEL
Thiscomponentmodelsalumpofmasswhichcanbecharacterizedbyasingledifferentialequation relatingthetemperatureofthemasstotime,heattransfertotheenvironmentthroughtheskinof themass.Capacitanceeffectsareincluded.

TYPE1227:STACKEFFECT
Thissubroutinecalculatestheairflowthroughanopeningduetostackeffect(inside/outside temperaturedifference.ItisbasedonASHRAEFundamentals2005.

45

THEOPTIMIZATIONCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE758:TRNOPTPRINTER
TRNOPTandtheType758TRNOPTPrinterwerewritteninordertocoupletheTRNSYSsimulation softwarepackagewiththeGENOPToptimizationalgorithmsproducedbyLawrenceBerkeley NationalLaboratory(LBNL).GENOPTisagenericoptimizationalgorithmdevelopedbyLBNLto interfacewithblackboxsimulationprogramslikeTRNSYS.TRNOPTactsasaninterfacebetween TRNSYSandtheGENOPTOptimizerandstreamlinestheoptimizationprocess.WithTRNOPT,the entireprocessofoptimizingtheresultsfromaTRNSYSsimulationreducestochoosingtheTRNSYS inputfile,choosingthevariableswhichwillbevariedtooptimizetheresults,andchoosingthe simulationresulttobeoptimized.

46

THESOLARCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE536:LINEARPARABOLICCONCENTRATINGSOLARCOLLECTOR
Type536modelsatypeofsolarcollectorcalledalinearparabolicconcentratorthatiscommonly usedinhightemperatureapplications.Inthesimplestformofalinearparabolicconcentrator,fluid passesthroughalongevacuatedtubethatrunsalonganeastwestaxisandishorizontaltothe planeofthegroundorwhichrunsonanorthsouthaxisandisinaplanetiltedwithrespecttothe ground.TheType536parabolicconcentratorismodeledbasedontheoreticalequationsdeveloped inSolarEngineeringofThermalProcesses.

TYPE538:EVACUATEDTUBESOLARCOLLECTOR
Thiscomponentmodelsanevacuatedtubesolarcollectorwitheitheravariablespeedpumpto keeptheoutlettemperatureatauserdefinedvalueoraconstantspeedpumpwithavariableoutlet temperature.

TYPE539:FLATPLATECOLLECTORWITHCAPACITANCE,VSPUMPANDEFF=F (TIN)
Thiscomponentmodelsaflatplatesolarcollectorwhichconsiderscapacitanceeffectsandincludes anoptionforavariablespeedpumptokeeptheoutlettemperatureatauserdefinedvalueif possible.Thecollectorperformanceequationisbasedonthedifferencebetweeninletfluid temperatureandambienttemperature.Thecomponentnowhasthecapabilitytooperateatauser specifiedoutlettemperature(thecomponentpassesacontrolsignaltoavariablespeedpump).

TYPE541:FLATPLATEINTEGRALCOLLECTORSTORAGE(ICS)SYSTEM
Thissubroutinemodelsanintegralcollectorstorage(ICS)domestichotwatersystemwithor withoutanimmersedloadsideheatexchanger.Inthismodel,theICSsystemisbasicallyaliquid filledrectangular"box"withasolarcollectorlocateddirectlyaboveit.Thefluidintheboxisin contactwiththecollector'sabsorbingsurfaceandheatistransferredtothefluidintheboxand thentothefluidintheimmersedheatexchanger(ifpresent)whensolarradiationisincidentupon thecollectingsurface.

TYPE543:SINGLECOVERTOPLOSSMODEL
Type543performsacombinedradiationandconvectionenergybalanceonaplateofknown temperaturethatisseparatedfromanambienttemperature(forconvectioncalculations)andan effectiveskytemperature(forradiationcalculations)byasinglesheetofcovermaterial.Themodel iteratestobalanceenergyandtoconvergeuponacovertemperature.Windeffectsontheouter coversurfacearemodeled.Thismodelcanbeusedtocalculateatimedependenttoploss coefficientforsolarcollectormodelsthattaketoplosscoefficientsasaninput(asisthecasewith theTESSIntegralCollectorStorage(ICS)models).Theenergybalancemethodologyofthis componentwasdevelopedattheNationalRenewableEnergyLaboratory. 47

TYPE544:DOUBLECOVERTOPLOSSMODEL
Type544performsacombinedradiationandconvectionenergybalanceonaplateofknown temperaturethatisseparatedfromanambienttemperature(forconvectioncalculations)andan effectiveskytemperature(forradiationcalculations)bytwosheetsofcovermaterial.Themodel iteratestobalanceenergyandtoconvergeuponatemperatureforeachofthetwocovers.Wind effectsontheoutercoversurfacearemodeled.Thismodelcanbeusedtocalculateatime dependenttoplosscoefficientforsolarcollectormodelsthattaketoplosscoefficientsasaninput (asisthecasewiththeTESSIntegralCollectorStorage(ICS)models).Theenergybalance methodologyofthiscomponentwasdevelopedattheNationalRenewableEnergyLaboratory.

TYPE546:BEAM/DIFFUSESPLITCALCULATOR
Thisroutinedeterminesthesplitofbeamanddiffuseradiationonasurfacefromknowledgeofonly thetotalradiationonatiltedsurface.

TYPE550:TUBULARINTEGRALCOLLECTORSTORAGE(ICS)SYSTEM
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelanintegralcollectorstoragesystem;asolarcollectordesign wherethecollectorandstoragesectionsofatypicalsolardomestichotwatersystemarecombined intooneunit.ThemodelisintendedtobeappliedtoICSsystemsthatstorefluidinseveraltubes thatareconnectedinseriesandplacedwithinacollectorenclosure.

TYPE553:UNGLAZEDFLATPLATECOLLECTOR(EFFICIENCYCOEFFICIENT METHOD)
Thiscomponentmodelsanunglazedflatplatesolarcollectorwherethecollectorefficiency coefficientsareknown.Thismodelreliesonalgorithmssuppliedbythesolarcollectortext:Solar EngineeringofThermalProcessesbyDuffieandBeckman.

TYPE559:THEORETICALUNGLAZEDFLATPLATECOLLECTOR
Thiscomponentmodelsanunglazedflatplatesolarcollectorwherethecollectorefficiency coefficientsarecalculatedfromtheoreticalmodels.Thismodelreliesonalgorithmssuppliedbythe solarcollectortext:SolarEngineeringofThermalProcessesbyDuffieandBeckman.

TYPE561:UNGLAZEDAIRHEATINGCOLLECTOR
Thiscomponentisintendedtomodelanunglazedsolarcollectorthatpassesairbehindthe absorbingplate.Moistaircalculationsarenotincludedinthemodel.Thethermalmodelofthis collectorreliesonalgorithmssuppliedbytheclassicSolarEngineeringofThermalProcesses textbookbyDuffieandBeckman.

TYPE564:THEORETICALFIN/TUBESOLARCOLLECTOR(POOLHEATER)
ThiscomponentmodelsatubefinsolarcollectorbasedonalgorithmspresentedbyDuffieand Beckmaninchapter6oftheirbookSolarEngineeringofThermalProcesses.

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TYPE565:SERPENTINETUBESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL
Thiscomponentmodelsaserpentinetubefinsolarcollectorbasedonalgorithmspresentedby Duffieand Beckmaninchapter6oftheirbookSolarEngineeringofThermalProcesses.

TYPE942:THEORETICALFLATPLATESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL1COVER
ThethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmspresentedinChapter6oftheclassic"Solar EngineeringofThermalProcesses"textbookbyDuffieandBeckman.

TYPE944:THEORETICALFLATPLATESOLARCOLLECTORMODEL2COVER
ThethermalmodelofthiscollectorreliesonalgorithmspresentedinChapter6oftheclassic"Solar EngineeringofThermalProcesses"textbookbyDuffieandBeckman.

TYPE1245:XCPCCOLLECTORMODEL
ThissubroutinemodelsanXCPCconcentratingsolarcollectorwherethecollectorefficiencyand offnormalperformancearemodeledwithcurvefitsfoundfromcollectortests.AnXCPCcollector hasanexternalreflecticeconcentratorlocatedbehindanevacuatedtubewhichhousesthe absorberandheattransferfluid.ThisroutineisbasedontheoriginalType539sourcecodefrom TESS.

TYPE1252:BEAMSHADINGCALCULATOR
Thismodelcalculateswhetherthebeamradiationthatwouldhavestruckasurfaceisblockedbyan objectlocatednearthesurface.Theuserprovidesthestartingandendinganglefortheobstruction aswellasthedistancetotheobjectandtheheightoftheobjectrelativetothesurface.Theuser mayalsoentertheangleoftheobstructionbysettingthedistancetozeroorless.

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THESTORAGECOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE531:RECTANGULARSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEAT EXCHANGERS
Thissubroutinemodelsafluidfilled,constantvolumestoragetankwithimmersedheat exchangers.Thiscomponentmodelsastoragetankwithaflatbottomandaconstantperimeter withheight.Thefluidinthestoragetankinteractswiththefluidintheheatexchangers(through heattransferwiththeimmersedheatexchangers),withtheenvironment(throughthermallosses fromthetop,bottomandedges)andwithuptotwoflowstreamsthatpassintoandoutofthe storagetank.Thetankisdividedintoisothermaltemperaturenodes(tomodelstratification observedinstoragetanks)wheretheusercontrolsthedegreeofstratificationthroughthe specificationofthenumberof"nodes".Eachconstantvolumenodeisassumedtobeisothermal andinteractsthermallywiththenodesaboveandbelowthroughseveralmechanisms;fluid conductionbetweennodes,andthroughfluidmovement(eitherforcedmovementfrominletflow streamsornaturaldestratificationmixingduetotemperatureinversionsinthetank).Theuserhas theabilitytospecifyoneoffourdifferentimmersedheatexchangertypes(ornoHXifdesired); horizontaltubebank,verticaltubebank,serpentinetube,orcoiledtube.Auxiliaryheatmaybe providedtoeachisothermalnodeindividually;throughtheuseifINPUTstothemodel.Themodel alsoconsiderstemperaturedependentfluidpropertiesforeitherpurewaterorapropyleneglycol andwatersolutionforboththetankandheatexchangerfluids.
TYPE532: SPHERICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONALIMMERSEDHEAT

EXCHANGERS

Thissubroutinemodelsafluidfilled,constantvolumestoragetankwithimmersedheat exchangers.Thiscomponentmodelsasphericaltank.Thefluidinthestoragetankinteractswith thefluidintheheatexchangers(throughheattransferwiththeimmersedheatexchangers),with theenvironment(throughthermallossesfromthetop,bottomandedges)andwithuptotwoflow streamsthatpassintoandoutofthestoragetank.Thetankisdividedintoisothermaltemperature nodes(tomodelstratificationobservedinstoragetanks)wheretheusercontrolsthedegreeof stratificationthroughthespecificationofthenumberof"nodes".Eachconstantvolumenodeis assumedtobeisothermalandinteractsthermallywiththenodesaboveandbelowthroughseveral mechanisms;fluidconductionbetweennodes,andthroughfluidmovement(eitherforced movementfrominletflowstreamsornaturaldestratificationmixingduetotemperature inversionsinthetank).Theuserhastheabilitytospecifyoneoffourdifferentimmersedheat exchangertypes(ornoHXifdesired);horizontaltubebank,verticaltubebank,serpentinetube,or coiledtube.Auxiliaryheatmaybeprovidedtoeachisothermalnodeindividually;throughtheuseif INPUTstothemodel.Themodelalsoconsiderstemperaturedependentfluidpropertiesforeither purewaterorapropyleneglycolandwatersolutionforboththetankandheatexchangerfluids.

TYPE533:HORIZONTALLYCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONAL IMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS
Thissubroutinemodelsafluidfilled,constantvolumestoragetankwithimmersedheat exchangers.Thiscomponentmodelsacylindricaltankwithahorizontalconfiguration.Thefluidin 50

thestoragetankinteractswiththefluidintheheatexchangers(throughheattransferwiththe immersedheatexchangers),withtheenvironment(throughthermallossesfromthetop,bottom andedges)andwithuptotwoflowstreamsthatpassintoandoutofthestoragetank.Thetankis dividedintoisothermaltemperaturenodes(tomodelstratificationobservedinstoragetanks) wheretheusercontrolsthedegreeofstratificationthroughthespecificationofthenumberof "nodes".Eachconstantvolumenodeisassumedtobeisothermalandinteractsthermallywiththe nodesaboveandbelowthroughseveralmechanisms;fluidconductionbetweennodes,andthrough fluidmovement(eitherforcedmovementfrominletflowstreamsornaturaldestratificationmixing duetotemperatureinversionsinthetank).Theuserhastheabilitytospecifyoneoffourdifferent immersedheatexchangertypes(ornoHXifdesired);horizontaltubebank,verticaltubebank, serpentinetube,orcoiledtube.Auxiliaryheatmaybeprovidedtoeachisothermalnode individually;throughtheuseifINPUTstothemodel.Themodelalsoconsiderstemperature dependentfluidpropertiesforeitherpurewaterorapropyleneglycolandwatersolutionforboth thetankandheatexchangerfluids.

TYPE534:VERTICALLYCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHOPTIONAL IMMERSEDHEATEXCHANGERS
AlloftheTESStankcomponents,Type531,532,533,and544havedifferentphysicalgeometry,yet thesubroutineshaveverysimilarphysics.Thesesubroutinesmodelafluidfilled,constantvolume storagetankswithimmersedheatexchangers.Thefluidinthestoragetankinteractswiththefluid intheheatexchangers(throughheattransferwiththeimmersedheatexchangers),withthe environment(throughthermallossesfromthetop,bottomandedges)andwithuptotwoflow streamsthatpassintoandoutofthestoragetank.Thetankisdividedintoisothermaltemperature nodes(tomodelstratificationobservedinstoragetanks)wheretheusercontrolsthedegreeof stratificationthroughthespecificationofthenumberofnodes.Eachconstantvolumenodeis assumedtobeisothermalandinteractsthermallywiththenodesaboveandbelowthroughseveral mechanisms;fluidconductionbetweennodes,andthroughfluidmovement(eitherforced movementfrominletflowstreamsornaturaldestratificationmixingduetotemperatureinversions inthetank).Theuserhastheabilitytospecifyoneoffourdifferentimmersedheatexchangertypes (ornoHXifdesired);horizontaltubebank,verticaltubebank,serpentinetube,orcoiledtube. Auxiliaryheatmaybeprovidedtoeachisothermalnodeindividually;throughtheuseifINPUTsto themodel.Themodelalsoconsiderstemperaturedependentfluidpropertiesforeitherpurewater, anethyleneglycolandwatersolution,orapropyleneglycolandwatersolutionforboththetank andheatexchangerfluids.

TYPE938:HEATPUMPWATERHEATER
Aheatpumpwaterheatsanenteringliquidstreambyremovingenergyfromanairstreampassing acrosstheevaporatorcoilofthedevice.Inthismodel,theperformanceofthedeviceisreadfrom normalizedexternaldatafilesasafunctionoftheenteringliquidtemperature,enteringair temperatureandenteringairrelativehumidity.Themodelcalculatesallofthecomponentenergy flows(evaporator,condenser,compressor,blower)inthedeviceandreportsthemeachtimestep.

TYPE940:TANKLESSWATERHEATER(ZIPHEATER)
Thiscomponentmodelsagas(naturalgas,propane,evenelectricbysettingtheefficiencyto1.) tanklesswaterheater.Insimpletermsitisanauxiliaryheaterwithinternalcontrolstomodulate theheatinputtothefluid. 51

TYPE1226:HEATINGDEVICEFORSTORAGETANKS
Thissubroutinemodelsanenergyinputdeviceforwaterheaters.Theenergytothefluidisthe productofthefirstthreeinputs(capacity,efficiencyandcontrolsignal),Theconsumedenergyis theproductofthecapacityandthecontrolsignal.Thiscomponentcaneasilybeimplementedwith theaquastatcomponentsandthestoragetankcomponents.

TYPE1237:VERTICALCYLINDRICALSTORAGETANKWITHWRAPAROUNDHEAT EXCHANGERANDDIPTUBE
Thissubroutinemodelsaverticalcylindricalstoragetankwithawraparoundheatexchanger.The modelwaswrittenbyJeffThorntonofTESSinsummer2009basedonearlierworkwithOakRidge NationalLaboratoryonaheatpumpwaterheaterwithawraparoundrefrigerantcondenser.The modelalsoaddsadiptubeinletpossibility.

TYPE1502:NSTAGEAQUASTATINHEATING
AthreestageaquastatismodeledtooutputthreeON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeusedto controlafluidcoolingsystemhavingasingleormultiplestageheatingsource(s).

TYPE1503:NSTAGEAQUASTATINCOOLING
AthreestageaquastatismodeledtooutputthreeON/OFFcontrolfunctionsthatcanbeusedto controlafluidcoolingsystemhavingasingleormultiplestagecoolingsource(s).

TYPE2270:MASTERSLAVEHEATINGDEVICEFORSTORAGETANKS
Thissubroutinemodelsaenergyinputdevice(s)forwaterheaters.Wheninoperationmode1,the dualelementsystemoperatesasthemasterslavewherethelowerelement(slave)hastheability tobeactivatedonlywhentheupperelement(master)isoffandhastheappropriatecontrol signal(fromanaquastatcontrollersuchasType1502). Inmode0thereisnomasterslaveoperation,andbothelementscanfunctionsimultaneouslybased ontheircontrolsignal(s)fromtheaquastat. Theenergytothefluidistheproductoftheinputs(capacity,efficiencyandcontrolsignal).The consumedenergyistheproductofthecapacityandthecontrolsignal.

52

THEUTILITYCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE535:TRIGGEREDPRINTER
Thetriggeredeventprintercomponentisusedtooutput(orprint)selectedsystemvariablenotat specifiedintervalsoftimebutwheneverthevalueofthefirstinputissettoanumbergreaterthan orequalto1.

TYPE571:INFILTRATIONTOACONDITIONEDZONE
ASHRAElongrecommendedtheuseofasemiempiricalmodelforthecalculationofinfiltrationtoa conditionedzone.ThesocalledK1,K2,K3methodisconsideredtobelessrigorousthanthe calculationofinfiltrationbasedupondynamicwindpressure,buoyancyforcesandenvelope characteristics.However,themorerigorousmodelrequiresextensiveknowledgeofparameters whosevaluesaredifficulttomeasurewithoutablowerdoortestandtheK1,K2,K3modelremains anaccuratemethodforobtainingquickcomputationofinfiltration.

TYPE572:EQUIPMENTFOULING
Thiscomponentcanbeusedtodegradeandresettheperformanceofothercomponentsoverthe courseofasimulation.Forexample,asasolarthermalcollectorsitsonaroof,dustandpollen accumulateonitsglasscover,degradingitsperformanceuntilitrainsoruntilitiswashed.The componentcalculatesafoulingfactorforequipmentasafunctionoftime.Cleaningscanbe scheduled,atwhichtimethefoulingpercentageissetbacktozeroThemodelalsoallowsforthe equipmenttoselfcleanatauserspecifiedratewiththeinputofacontrolsignal.

TYPE573:OUTPUTDEVICEFORAVERAGEDAYOFEACHMONTH
Thiscomponentcreatesthehourlyprofilefortheaveragedayofeachsimulatedmonthandfortwo alternatives(inputs).Theprofilesarestoredinauserdefinedoutputfile,whichisperhapsbest viewedasa2DAreaChartinTRNSPREAD(theTRNSYSspreadsheetprogram)orMicrosoftExcel.

TYPE574:ASHRAEOCCUPANCYLOADS
TheASHRAEHandbookofFundamentalsliststypicallatentandsensibleloadsforoccupancybased ontheactivityleveloftheoccupants.Thiscomponenttakes,asparameters,thenumberofdifferent peopletypesandtheirassociatedactivitylevel,andasinputsthenumberofpeopleateachofthese activitylevels.Theoutputsfromthiscomponentarethelatentandsensibleloadsforthebuilding (totalsandperactivity).

TYPE575:SKYTEMPERATURE
Thissubroutinecalculatesaneffectiveskytemperaturebasedonthedewpointtemperature,the stationpressure,thefractionofopaquecloudcover,andtheemissivityoftheclouds.The correlationisbasedonequationsdevelopedinCharacteristicsofInfraredSkyRadiationinthe 53

U.S.A.(Berdahl,1984).Suchcalculatedskytemperaturesaremostcommonlyusedinthe calculationofradiationlossesfromstructuresandsolarcollectors.

TYPE576:TWODIMENSIONALBINSORTER
Thiscomponentcalculatesthenumberofhoursduringthesimulationinwhichthetwoinputsfall withinuserspecifiedbins.Theusermustprovidethenumberofbinsforeachoftheinputsandthe minimumandmaximumvaluesforthebins.Themodelwillthensorttheinputsintothesebins; producinga2Dgriduponcompletion.Theoutputsfromthismodelarewrittentoauserspecified file.

TYPE577:RANDOMNUMBERGENERATORDRAWNFROMUNIFORM DISTRIBUTION
Thismodelgeneratesarandomnumberdrawnfromauniformdistributionbasedonusersupplied valuesofaninitialseed,minimumandmaximumfunctionvalues.

TYPE578:RANDOMNUMBERGENERATORDRAWNFROMNORMALDISTRIBUTION
Thismodelgeneratesarandomnumberdrawnfromanormaldistributionbasedonusersupplied valuesofaninitialseed,meanandstandarddeviation.

TYPE579:NESTEDFORCINGFUNCTION
ThenestedforcingfunctioneliminatesthemultipleTYPE14forcingfunctionsandnumerous equationsneededtosetthescheduleforaninputthatchangesthroughouttheyear.Thisforcing functionallowstheusertotiertheforcingfunctionssuchthatthescheduleofthetertiaryfunction dependsonthevalueofthesecondaryandprimaryforcingfunctions.

TYPE581:MULTIDIMENSIONALDATAINTERPOLATION
AgeneralizedadaptationofType42,thiscomponentcanbeusedtomodeltheperformanceof genericequipmentorasadevicetointerpolatedatainuptoafourdimensions. Thissubroutinereturnsbetween1and5dependentvariableswhosevaluesdependonbetween1 and4dependentvariables.Itcanbeusedtomodeltheperformanceofanyequipmentorasdirect accesstoa4dimensionaldatafiletointerpolateinupto4dimensions.Theformatofthedatafile shouldconformtothestandardforfilesreadbythedataordynamicdataroutines.

TYPE582:LIFECYCLECOSTANALYSIS
Oneofthemostcommonmeasuresofengineeringeconomicsisthelifecyclecostofasystemand onemethodofcalculatingthelifecyclecostisreferredtoastheP1P2method.Theideaofthe methodisthatthelifecyclecostofapurchaseoptionoralternativeiscalculatedbasedontwo economicindicators.Thefirst(P1)istheratioofthelifecyclefuelcosttothefirstyearfuelcost.A lowvalueofP1indicatesthatimmediatefuelcostsarehighandthatconsequently,potential immediatefuelsavingsareimportant.Thesecondindicator(P2)istheratiooflifecycle expendituresincurredasaresultoftheinvestmenttotheinvestmentamount.AhighvalueofP2 54

indicatesthattheinvestmenthasalowfirstcostbuthighercostsoverthelifeoftheequipment. Thiscomponentoperatesinoneoftwomodes.ItcaneithercalculateP1andP2basedonasetof simpleeconomicindicators,oritcanacceptvaluesofP1andP2directly.Inbothmodes,the componentcalculatesthelifecyclecostforuptotensystemalternatives.Morealternativesmaybe addedbymodifyingasingleparameterintheFortrancodeandrecompiling.Themodelthen compareseachalternativetoauserdesignatedcomparisonsystem.

TYPE584:OUTOFSETPOINTWATCHER
Whenoperatingintemperaturelevelcontrol,itisafairlycommonoccurrenceforthetemperature ofazonetoexceedthecoolingsetpointtemperatureortobebelowtheheatingsetpoint temperature.Type584watchestemperatureconditions,recordsand(ifdesired)printsinformation onthetime,durationandextenttowhichthesetpointswereexceeded.Whilemostoften,this componentisusedinbuildingapplications,thereisnothinginherenttoitaboutbuildings.Type584 mayequallywellbeusedinothersituationsinwhichawatchedvariable(massflowrate,relative humidity,power,etc.)isintendedtobemaintainedwithinanallowablerangebutmayattimes exceedthatrange.

TYPE586:PIPINGNETWORKPRESSUREDROPCALCULATOR
Thissubroutinecalculatedthepressuredropthroughapipingnetwork.

TYPE932:SHERMANGRIMSRUDINFILTRATIONMODEL
ThiscomponentcontainstheShermanGrimsrudinfiltrationmodelasdescribedintheASHRAE HandbookofFUNdamentals,2005.Themodelbasesinfiltrationeffectsonaneffectiveleakagearea, indoor/outdoortemperaturedifference,andwindspeed.Themodelissemiempirical,requireing thattheuserenterastackcoefficient(Cs)andawindcoefficient(Cw).WhiletheASHRAE Handbookgivesthesevaluesasfunctionsofafactorthatitcallsshelterclassandtheheightofthe building(instories),thismodeltakesthefactorsdirectlysothattheusermay,ifdesired, interpolateandextrapolatetheASHRAEtables.

TYPE939:RUNNINGAVERAGECALCULATOR
Thiscomponentcalculatestherunningtotals(integrated)andrunningaveragesoverarunning userspecifiedtimerange.Forexample,thisprogramcouldcalculatetheaveragetemperatureover thelast24hoursorthewaterheatergasconsumptionoverthelast4hours.

TYPE960:LBNLINFILTRATIONMODEL
ThiscomponentcontainstheShermanGrimsrudinfiltrationmodelasdescribedintheASHRAE HandbookofFUNdamentals,2005.Themodelbasesinfiltrationeffectsonaneffectiveleakagearea, indoor/outdoortemperaturedifference,andwindspeed.Themodelissemiempirical,requireing thattheuserenterastackcoefficient(Cs)andawindcoefficient(Cw).WhiletheASHRAE Handbookgivesthesevaluesasfunctionsofafactorthatitcallsshelterclassandtheheightofthe building(instories),thismodeltakesthefactorsdirectlysothattheusermay,ifdesired, interpolateandextrapolatetheASHRAEtables.

55

TYPE980:ON/OFFTIMECALCULATOR
Thiscomponentwatchesacontrolsignalandcalculatesthecurrent"on"and"off"timesofthe signal.Afterconvergence,iftheinputcontrolsignalisgreaterthan0.5thenthe"ontime"output controlsignalisincrementedbythetimestepandthe"offtime"signalissettozero.Iftheinput controlsignaliszero,the"ontime"controlsignalissettozeroandthe"offtime"controlsignalis incrementedbythetimestep.

TYPE1232:CONVECTIONCALCULATOR
Thiscomponentwillcalculatetheconvectioncoefficientfromaflatsurface(plate)totheambient airusingaseriesofcorrelations.

TYPE1236:EQUIPMENTOUTAGE
Thiscomponentmodelsapieceofequipment(utilitygrid,airconditioner,etc.)thatbecomes unavailableatplannedand/orrandomintervalsthroughoutasimulation.Asparameters,ittakes thenumberofrandomoutagesinagivenyear,theminimumandthemaximumallowableoutage length,arandomnumberseed,thenumberofplannedoutages,andthestarttimeanddurationof eachplannedoutage.

TYPE1238:SIMULATIONEVENTALERT
AtTESS,weoftenfindourselvesworkingononeTRNSYSprojectwhileanotheroneisrunningin thebackground.Moreoftenthanwewouldcaretoremember,weswitchtothebackground TRNSYSonlytofindthatitgotanerrorandstopped,thatitcompletedquitesometimeago,orthat someeventoccurredduringthesimulationthatwewantedtoknowabout(atemperaturewenttoo high,acontrollertripped,amassbalanceonapumpfailed,etc.).Thiscomponentwaswrittenasa flexiblemethodforalertingustosuchsituations.Type222takesaseriesoflogicalunitnumbersas parametersandanequalnumberofinputs.Type222alsotakesoneadditional"tolerance" parameter.Eachlogicalunitisassignedtoa*.wavfile.Whenevertheinputthatcorrespondstoa given*.wavfilechangesbyavaluegreaterthanthetoleranceparameter,the*.wavfileisplayed. NOTE:becauseoftheTRNSYSStudiostructure,LogicalUnitnumbersASSIGNedtoexternalfiles cannotbycycledthewatPARAMETERSandINPUTScan.Whiletheunderlyingsourcecodeofthis componentallowsanywherefrom1to10differentalerts,proformasforonly1and5alertshave beencreated.Itshouldalsobenotedthatthecodecanbeexpandedtoacceptmorethan10alerts.

TYPE1243:WATERDRAWPROFILESASPARAMETERS
Thiscomponenttakesthedailytotal,24hourlyfractionsfromthenormalizeddataofASHRAE90.2 and24maximumratesandcreatesaprofilefortimestepslessthananhour.Forexample,ifa householdused6.3gallonsofhotwaterbetweenmidnightand1am,ataflowrateof1gallonper minute,thiscomponentwouldoutputthefollowingflowrates: Minute1=1gpm Minute2=1gpm Minute3=1gpm Minute4=1gpm 56

Minute5=1gpm Minute6=1gpm Minute7=0.3gpm Minute8:60=0gpm Iftheuserspecifiesaflowratelessthanthatrequiredtomeetthehourlytotal,themodelwill reportatotalthatislessthanthatspecifiedforthehour.Forexampleifthehourlytotalis70 gallonsandthemaximumflowrateis1gallonperminute,then10gallonsofwaterwillbe"missed" asthemodelwillonlyoutput60gallonsforthathour(1gpm*60minutes/hour). Theusershouldenterthe"rate"parametersinunitsofthedailytotalvariableperhour.For exampleifgallonsarespecifiedforthetotalthengallonsperhourshouldbeusedfortherate parameters.

TYPE1251:WATERDRAWPROFILESFROMDATAFILE
Thiscomponenttakesthedailytotal,24hourlyfractionsandmaximumhourlyrateandcreatesa profilefortimestepslessthananhour.The24hourlyfractions(normalized)arereadfroman externaldatafileusuallycreatedbytheTESSapplicationprogram"sched.exe"or"sched norm.exe"thatisassociatedwithType517. Asanexample,ifahouseholdused6.3gallonsofhotwaterbetweenmidnightand1am,ata maximumflowrateof1gallonperminute,(andwithatimestepof1minute)thiscomponentwould outputthefollowingflowrates: Minute1=1gpm Minute2=1gpm Minute3=1gpm Minute4=1gpm Minute5=1gpm Minute6=1gpm Minute7=0.3gpm Minutes8:60=0gpm Iftheuserspecifiesaflowratelessthanthatrequiredtomeetthehourlytotal,themodelwillmeet thespecifiedtotalusingtheentirehourandsurpassingthemaximumratesupplied.Forexampleif thehourlytotalis72gallonsandthemaximumflowrateis1gallonperminute,then12gallonsof waterwouldhavebeen"missed"sothemodeloutputsarateof1.2gallonsperminute. Theusershouldenterthe"rate"parametersinunitsofthedailytotalvariableperhour.For exampleifgallonsarespecifiedforthetotalthengallonsperhourshouldbeusedfortherate parameters.

TYPE1252:BEAMSHADINGCALCULATOR
Thismodelcalculateswhetherthebeamradiationthatwouldhavestruckasurfaceisblockedbyan objectlocatednearthesurface.Theuserprovidesthestartingandendinganglefortheobstruction aswellasthedistancetotheobjectandtheheightoftheobjectrelativetothesurface.Theuser mayalsoentertheangleoftheobstructionbysettingthedistancetozeroorless.

TYPE2260:WINDSPEEDCONVERTER

57

Thissubroutinetakeswindspeedmeasuredatonesite(describedbyameasurementheightand windvelocityprofileexponent(terrainroughness)andconvertsittowindspeedatadifferent height(presumablyabuildingheight)andwindvelocityprofileexponent.

58

THECOGENERATION/COMBINEDHEAT&POWER(CHP) COMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE506:EVAPORATIVECOOLER(SWAMPCOOLER)
Thisroutinemodelsanevaporativecoolingdevicewhichcoolsaninletairstreambypassingtheair throughoracrossawettedsurface;evaporatingthewaterfromthesurfaceandcoolingtheair streamintheprocess.Theidealexitingairstateforanevaporativecoolerisiftheairexitswitha drybulbtemperatureequaltoitsinletwetbulbtemperature.Themodeltakesthesaturation efficiencyofthedeviceasaninputinordertocalculatetheairoutletconditions.Thesaturation efficiencyisdefinedas:SaturationEfficiency=(Tair,db,inTair,db,out)/(Tair,db,inTair,wb,in) whereinreferstotheinletcondition,outreferstotheairoutletcondition,dbreferstotheairdry bulbtemperatureandwbreferstotheairwetbulbtemperature. Thepoweroutputissimplytheparasiticpowerifthemachineisoperating.Themachineis assumedtobeoff(inletconditions=outletconditions)ifthecontrolsignalislessthan0.5orifthe inletairflowrateiszero.

TYPE507:FOGGINGDEVICE
Thisroutinemodelsanevaporativecoolingdevicewhichcoolsaninletairstreambyinjectingtiny dropletsofwaterintotheairstreamcausingthewatertoevaporateandremovingsensibleenergy fromtheflowstream.Theusermustsupplytheinletairconditions,andthedesiredrelative humidityfortheoutletairstream.Themodeltheniteratesonoutletdrybulbtemperatureuntilthe desiredoutletrelativehumidityismetgiventhewetbulbtemperature.Thismodelissimilartothe Type506evaporativecoolerbutincludesinternalcontrolstokeeptheoutletairattheuserdefined relativehumiditysetpoint.Thepowerusedbythemachineistheparasiticpower(Parameter1) wheneverthemachineisoperatingandzerootherwise.

TYPE508:COOLINGCOIL(VARIOUSCONTROLMODES)
Thiscomponentmodelsasimplecoolingcoilwheretheairiscooledasitpassesacrossacoil containingacoolerfluid(typicallywater).Thismodelusesthebypassfractionapproachforcooling coilstosolvefortheoutletairandwaterconditions.Thebypassfactorapproachassumesthata portionoftheairstreamcomestotemperatureequilibriumwiththeaveragecoilwater temperatureandtheotherportionoftheairstream(thebypassfraction)iscompletelyunaffected bythecoilintheairstream.Thesetwoflowsthenmixtoproducetheoutletaircondition.The devicealsocontainscontrolsthatbypassafractionofthefluidstreampastthecoiltomaintaina desiredoutletcondition(airorfluid).Thiscoilmayoperatein1of5controlmodes: 0Thecoiloperatesinafreefloatingconditionwheretheairandwatertemperaturesarent controlled. 1Theoutletairtemperatureiscontrolledtobeatoraboveauserspecifiedtemperature 2TheoutletairrelativehumidityiscontrolledtobeatorbelowauserspecifiedpercentRH 3Theoutletairhumidityratioiscontrolledtobeatoraboveauserspecifiedminimum 59

4Theoutletwatertemperatureiscontrolledtobeatorbelowauserspecifiedmaximum temperature Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeithertheairflowrateorfluidflowrateiszero.Thefluidstream isassumedtobypassthecoilcompletelyiftheinletairtemperatureisatorbelowthecoilinletfluid temperature.Theairisalsoassumedtocompletelybypassthecoilif;inmode1iftheinletair temperatureisalreadyatorbelowthedesiredairoutlettemperature,ifinmode2theinletair relativehumidityisalreadyatorabovethedesiredairoutletrelativehumidity,ifinmode3the inletairhumidityratioisalreadyatorbelowthedesiredairoutlethumidityratio,orifinmode4 theinletfluidtemperatureisalreadyatorabovethedesiredfluidoutlettemperature. Thismodelreliesonaniterativeapproachtosolveforthefluidandairoutletconditions.Ifthe resultsappearspikyorunreasonablyslow,theusermaywanttoadjusttheconvergencecriteria withinthesourcecode.

TYPE591:LOADFOLLOWINGSTEAMTURBINE
Thismodelsimulatesasteamturbinethatmeetsauserspecifiedelectricalloadbyvaryingthe massflowrateofsteamenteringtheturbine.Asthemodelcalculatestherequiredsteamflowat turbineinlet,theINPUTsteamflowratetothemodelisnotusedexceptasamassbalancecheck uponconvergenceateachtimestep.Thismodelreliesonanisentropicefficiencyapproachto calculatetheperformanceofthesteamturbinegiventhesteaminletconditionsandtheturbine backpressure.Usersareabletospecifyupto5injectionand5extractionportsalongthelengthof theturbine.Thesteamconditionsattheseportsmaybeprovidedinanyordertothemodelthe typewillarrangethemcorrectlybasedonthepressureofthestreams.Theturbinewill automaticallyplacetheinjectionandextractionstreamsatthecorrectlocationsalongtheturbineto matchthepressuresofthestreamswiththelocalpressureoftheturbine.Thedeliveredoutput powerfromtheturbineislimitedbythecapacityoftheturbine(Parameter1).Specifyinga requiredpower(Input6)greaterthanthecapacityofthemachinewillcausethemachineto operateatitsratedcapacityandreporttheloadnotmet(Output6).

TYPE592:FLOWFOLLOWINGSTEAMTURBINE
Thismodelsimulatesasteamturbine;relyingonanisentropicefficiencyapproachtocalculatethe performanceofthesteamturbinegiventhesteaminletconditionsandtheturbinebackpressure. Usersareabletospecifyupto5injectionand5extractionportsalongthelengthoftheturbine.The steamconditionsattheseportsmaybeprovidedinanyordertothemodelthetypewillarrange themcorrectlybasedonthepressureofthestreams.Theturbinewillautomaticallyplacethe injectionandextractionstreamsatthecorrectlocationsalongtheturbinetomatchthepressuresof thestreamswiththelocalpressureoftheturbine.Ifthedeliveredoutputpowercalculatedbythe turbinemodelisgreaterthanthecapacityoftheturbine(Parameter1),awarningwillbeissued butthepowerwillnotbelimited.

TYPE593:STEAMCONDENSERKNOWNCONDENSINGPRESSURE
Thiscomponentmodelsacondenserforsteamapplicationswherethecondensingpressureis knownandprovidedtothemodelasaninput.Thismodelcalculatestheresultantheattransferand outletsteamconditionsgiventhedesireddegreesofsubcoolingleavingthecondenser(providedby theuser).Theoutletsteampressureissettothecondensingpressureevenwhentheflowrateis 60

zerotoavoidconvergenceproblemsincomponentsthatrelyonthismodeltosetthebackpressure forthesteamflowloop.

TYPE594:STEAMDIVERTINGVALVE
Thiscomponentmodelsasimplesteamdivertingvalvewhichcanhaveupto100separateoutlet ports.Theoutletsteampropertiesateachportaresetidenticaltotheinletsteamproperties.The outletflowrateateachportissimplytheinletflowratemultipliedbytheuserdesignatedfraction offlowtothatport.Thiscomponentcheckstomakesurethatthesumoftheoutletfractionsis1.0. Ifnot,thelastfractioniscalculatedfromamassbalanceandnotfromthespecifiedfraction.This deviceisassumedtobeperfectlyinsulated.

TYPE595:STEAMMIXINGVALVE
Thiscomponentmodelsasimplesteammixingvalvewhichcanhaveupto100separateinletports. Theoutletfluidpropertiesaresetbyanoverallenergybalanceontheinletflowstreamsassuming thateachoftheinletstreamsadiabaticallyexpandstothepressureofthelowestpressureinletfluid (portswithflowonly).Theoutletflowrateissimplythesumoftheinletflowrates.

TYPE596:PRESSUREREDUCINGVALVE
Thiscomponentmodelsasteampressurereducingvalve.Thesteamenteringthisvalve adiabaticallyexpandstotheprovidedoutletpressure.Ifthedesiredoutletpressureisabovethe inletsteampressurethesteampassesthroughthedevicewithoutachangeinstate.

TYPE597:CONDENSATEPUMP(SETSTHEFLOWRATE)
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamcondensatepump.Theuserspecifiestheinletsteamcondensate conditionsandthedesiredoutletpressureandthemodelcalculatesthetheoreticalpowerfroma compressedliquidcalculation(specificvolumetimespressuredifferential).Theactualpoweris foundbydividingthetheoreticalpowerbythepumpefficiency.Ausersuppliedfractionofthe actualpumppowerisassumedtobelostfromthepumpshelltothesurroundingswhilethe remainingenergyendsupasanenergygaintothefluid.Thismodelsetstheflowrateforthesteam loopbymultiplyingtheratedpumpflowrate(Parameter2)bytheinputcontrolsignal(Input6). Theinputflowratetothismodelisusedonlyforconvergencechecking.

TYPE598:STEAMCONDENSER
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamcondenser.Thecomponentreliesonthepinchpointtemperature differenceapproachtosolvefortheheattransferbetweenthecondensingsteamandthecooling fluid.Inthismodel,thesaturationpressureofthesteamiscalculatedsuchthatthepinchpoint temperatureisjustreachedatthecriticalpointinthecondenser.Forparallelflowapplications,the pinchpointoccursattheoutletofthesteam(andthereforeattheoutletofthecoolingfluid).For counterflowapplications,thepinchpointcanoccuratoneoffourlocations;thesteaminlet(and coolingfluidoutlet),thesteamsaturatedvaporpoint,thesteamsaturatedliquidpoint,andthe steamoutlet(coolingfluidinlet).Themodelalsoallowstheusertospecifyaminimumcondensing pressuresothatthesystemdoesnotfloattoolowwithlowcoolingfluidtemperatures.Thisroutine istypicallyusedtosetthebackpressurefortherestofthesteamcomponentsintheloop.Asthis 61

componentsetsthelowsidepressureinmanyapplications,thecondensingpressureiscalculated evenwhenthereisnoflowofcoldfluidthroughthecondensertoavoidzeropressureconvergence problems.Inthiscase,thesaturationpressureiscalculatedassumingthesteamsaturation temperatureisthecoolingfluidinlettemperatureplusthepinchpointtemperaturedifference.

TYPE599:ELECTRICALGENERATOR
Thiscomponentmodelsanelectricalgenerator;adevicethatcreateselectricalpowerfroma spinninginputshaft.Themodeltakesthegenerationcapacity(Parameter1)andtheinputshaft power(Input1)andcalculatesthepartloadratioofthedevice.Withthepartloadratioknown,the efficiencyinconvertingshaftpowertoelectricalpowerisreadfromausersuppliedcatalogdata fileandtheoutputpowerandthermallossesarethencalculated.Theusersupplieddatafilemust containthegenerationefficiencyasafunctionofthepartloadratioonthedevice.Asampledata fileisincludedforreference.

TYPE602:GEARBOX(EFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE)
Thiscomponentmodelsamechanicalgearbox.Theuserprovidestheratedrotationalspeed,the inputrotationalspeedandtheinputpowerandthemodelcalculatestheefficiencyofthegearbox byinterpolatingfromausersupplieddatafileofgearboxefficiencyasafunctionofthefractionof theratedspeed.Withtheefficiencyfound,theoutputpowerandthermallossescanbefound.The outletrotationalspeedisfoundbydividingtheinletrotationalspeedbythegearratio.Theuser supplieddatafilemustcontainthegearboxefficiencyasafunctionofthefractionofratedspeedfor thedevice.Asampledatafileisincludedforreference.

TYPE603:CONSTANTEFFICIENCYGEARBOX
Thiscomponentmodelsamechanicalgearbox.Theuserprovidestheinputpowerandthegearbox efficiency.Withtheefficiency,theoutputpowerandthermallossescanbefound.Theoutlet rotationalspeedisfoundbydividingtheinletrotationalspeedbythegearratio.

TYPE605:IMPOSEDLOADONASTEAMFLOW
Thiscomponentmodelsasimpleheatingloadimposedonaflowofsteam.Theusermustspecify theinletsteamconditions,theloadtobeimposed,andtheoutletsteampressure.Themodelwill removethespecifiedamountofenergyfromthesteamflowcheckingtomakesurethattheoutlet steamtemperatureisabovetheminimumuserspecifiedtemperature(forpinchpointcalculations etc.).Ifthecalculatedoutlettemperaturefallsbelowtheuserspecifiedminimumtemperature,the steamexitsattheuserspecifiedminimumtemperatureandtheloadmetandloadnotmetare calculatedbythemodel.Thiscomponentiscommonlyusedtomodelasteamloaddevicewherethe physicsofthedevicearenotimportanttothesimulationandonlytheremovalofthecorrect amountofenergyfromthesystemisimportant.

TYPE606:LOADREMOVALFROMASTEAMFLOW(WITHCONDENSATE)
Thiscomponentmodelsasimplesteamendusedevice.Theusermustspecifytheinletsteam conditions,theoutletsteamconditions,andthefractionofsteamflow(usuallycondensate)that willbereturnedbythesystem.Thiscomponentisusefulformodelingacomplicateddevicelikea 62

steamabsorptionchilleroradetailedbuildingsteamheatinganddistributionsystemwithout havingtomodelthephysicsofthedetailedheattransferinthedevice.Themodelcalculatesthe amountofusefulenergyconsumedbytheload,theamountofenergythatisdumpedtothe environmentbythefailuretoreturnafractionofthesteam(usuallycondensate),andthetotal energyremovalfromthesteamflow(sumofusefulenergyanddumpedenergy).

TYPE608:CONDENSATEPREHEATERPINCHPOINTMETHOD
Thiscomponentmodelsapreheaterforsteamcondensateusingthepinchpointtemperature differenceapproach.Intypicalapplications,wasteheatisusedtoelevatethetemperatureofa condensatestreambeforeitenterstheheatrecoverysteamgenerator.Inthismodel,theinlethot sidefluidattemptstoheataflowofsteamcondensatetoauserspecifiedtemperaturejustbelow thecondensatesaturationtemperature.Themodelmayoperateinoneoftwoheatexchanger configurationmodes;parallelfloworcounterflow.Thepinchpointrepresentsthelocationinthe heatexchangerwherethetwofluidsareclosestintemperature.Thelocationofthepinchpoint dependsontheflowratesofthehotandcoldstreamsandtheconfigurationoftheheatexchanger. Themodelwillattempttoelevatethesteamcondensatetotheuserspecifiedcondition;checking thepinchpointatseveralcriticallocationsinthedevice.Ifapinchpointproblemisencountered, theoutletcondensateconditionsarerecalculatedtoalleviatetheproblemandtheoutlet condensateleavestheheatexchangercoolerthandesired.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeither oftheflowratesiszero,iftheinlethotsidefluidtemperatureisbelowtheinletcondensate temperature,oriftheinletcondensatetemperatureisalreadyabovethedesiredcondensateoutlet temperature.

TYPE609:CONDENSATEPREHEATEREFFECTIVENESSAPPROACH
Thiscomponentmodelsapreheaterforsteamcondensateusingtheheatexchangereffectiveness approach.Theeffectivenessisameasureoftheheattransferattheinletfluidconditionstothe maximumpossibleheattransfergiventhefluidinletconditions.Refertothedocumentationfor Type5inVolume1oftheTRNSYSdocumentationsetformoreinformationoftheeffectiveness concept.Intypicalapplications,wasteheatisusedtoelevatethetemperatureofacondensate streambeforeitenterstheheatrecoverysteamgenerator.Inthismodel,theinlethotsidefluid attemptstoheataflowofsteamcondensatetoauserspecifiedtemperaturejustbelowthe condensatesaturationtemperature.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeitheroftheflowratesis zero,iftheinlethotsidefluidtemperatureisbelowtheinletcondensatetemperature,oriftheinlet condensatetemperatureisalreadyabovethedesiredcondensateoutlettemperature.

TYPE610:STEAMDESUPERHEATER
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamdesuperheaterusingthepinchpointtemperaturedifference approach.Intypicalapplications,alowtemperaturefluid(usuallywater)isusedtodesuperheata steamflowbeforeenteringasteamloaddevice.Inthismodel,theinletcoldsidefluidattemptsto coolaflowofsteamtojustabovethesteamsaturationtemperature.Themodelmayoperateinone oftwoheatexchangerconfigurationmodes;parallelfloworcounterflow.Thepinchpoint representsthelocationintheheatexchangerwherethetwofluidsareclosestintemperature.The locationofthepinchpointdependsontheflowratesofthehotandcoldstreamsandthe configurationoftheheatexchanger.Themodelwillattempttolowerthesteamtemperaturetothe userspecifiedcondition;checkingthepinchpointatseveralcriticallocationsinthedevice.Ifa pinchpointproblemisencountered,theoutletsteamconditionsarerecalculatedtoalleviatethe 63

problemandtheoutletsteamflowleavestheheatexchangerwarmerthandesired.Thedeviceis assumedtobeoffifeitheroftheflowratesiszero,iftheinletcoldsidefluidtemperatureisabove theinletsteamtemperature,oriftheinletsteamtemperatureisalreadybelowthedesiredsteam outlettemperature.

TYPE611:FLASHTANK
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamflashtank;adeviceusedtomakehigherqualitysaturatedsteamor superheatedsteamfromlowerqualityorcondensedsteambyexpandingthesteamintoalow pressurevessel.Thesteamenteringthisdeviceinstantaneouslyexpandsfromthehigherinlet pressuretotheuserspecifiedloweroutletpressure.Thesteaminthevesselthanlosesenergyto thesurroundings(environment)asitflowsthroughthedevicebeforeexiting.Thiscomponent operateswithasteadystatesteadyflowassumption;thecapacitanceofthedeviceandthesteam arenotaccountedforinthemodel.Thedevicehastwooutletstreams,oneforsteamcondensate (liquid)andoneforsteamvapor.

TYPE612:STEAMTRAPORSINGLEINLETSTEAMSEPARATOR
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamtraporsingleportsteamseparator;adeviceusedforremoving anyliquidinasteamflowfromthesystem.Thedevicehastwooutletstreams;oneforliquidthatis drainedfromthesystem,andonefortheremainingvapor.Thedeviceisassumedtobeperfectly insulated.

TYPE613:STEAMPIPE
Thiscomponentmodelsasteampipewherethesteamlosesheatandpressureasittravelsalong thepipe.TheusermustbreakthispipeupintoNsegments(from1to50).Thegreaterthenumber ofsegments,themoreaccuratethethermallosscalculationsbuttheslowerthesimulation.This pipemodelisunlikethestandardTRNSYSType31pipemodelthatoperatesinplugflowfashion. Ratherthispipeoperatesunderthesteadystatesteadyflowapproachandtheassumptionthatis madeisthattheoutletfluidstateatthistimestepissimplytheresultoftheinletfluidstateflowing alongthispipeatthistimestepwithnoresidue(nomassleftover)fromprevioustimesteps.There isnoheattransferbetweennodesalongthelengthofthepipeandeachnodeisassumedtobe isothermal.Thispipeisintendedtomodelthephysicsofheattransferinapipeandshouldnotbe usedforcapacitancepurposeslikeotherpipemodelsinTRNSYS.

TYPE614:TWOINLETSTEAMSEPARATOR
Thiscomponentmodelsatwoportsteamseparator;adeviceusedforseparatingtheliquidsteam fromthesteamvaporaftertwosteamflowshavebeenmixedtogether.Thedeviceisassumedtobe perfectlyinsulatedsuchthatanadiabaticmixingofthetwofluidsoccurs.Thehigherpressure steaminstantaneouslyandadiabaticallyexpandstotheoutletpressure;providedthatthelower pressuresteamporthasanonzeroflowrate.Thetwofluidsarethenmixedtogetherandthe resultantsteamstatefound.Anyliquidfromthemixedsteamconditionisdrainedviatheliquid outletportwhileanysteamvaporexitsthedevicefromthevaporoutletport.

TYPE615:DOUBLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER

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Thiscomponentmodelsadoubleeffect,steamfiredabsorptionchillerthatreadscatalog performancedatafromusersupplieddatafiles.Themachinewillattempttodelivertheuser specifiedsetpointtemperatureforthechilledwaterstreambasedonthecurrentcoolingcapacity. Thecapacityisafunctionofthechilledwatersetpointtemperature,theinletcoolingwater temperature,andtheinletsteamcondition.Theusermustsupplyfourexternaldatafilesforthis component. Thefirstexternaldatafilemustcontainvaluesofthefractionofdesigncapacityasafunctionofthe steaminletgaugepressure.Thefractionofdesigncapacityvalue,whenmultipliedbythedesign capacity,givesthenominalcapacityofthemachinegiventhesteampressure.Thesecondexternal datafilemustcontainvaluesoftheratioofavailablecapacitytothenominalcapacityasafunction oftheinletcoolingwaterandinletchilledwatertemperatures.Whenmultipliedbythenominal capacity,thisratioallowsthecurrentmachinecapacitytobecalculatedatthecurrentinlet conditions.Thethirdexternaldatafilemustcontainvaluesofthefractionofdesignenergyinputas afunctionofthefractionofdesigncapacityandinletcoolingwatertemperature.Thefractionof designcapacityiscalculatedbydividingtherequiredchilledwaterenergybythedesigncapacityof themachine.Thefourthexternaldatafilemustcontaintheoutletcondensedsteamtemperature andpressureasafunctionoftheinletsteamgaugepressure.Refertothesampledatafilesthat accompanythismodelformoreinformationontheformatofthesedatafiles. Themodelcalculatestheenergyrequiredtomeetthecurrentload(requiredchilledwaterenergy) basedonthechilledwatersetpointtemperature(Input9),thechilledwaterflowrate(Input2), andtheinletchilledwatertemperature(Input1).Basedontheinletsteamgaugepressure,the nominalmachinecapacityiscalculatedbyfindingthefractionofdesigncapacity(fromthefirst externaldatafile)andmultiplyingbythedesigncapacityofthemachine(Parameter1).The fractionofnominalcapacityisthenfoundfromthesecondexternaldatafile(asafunctionofthe inletchilledwatertemperature(Input1)andtheinletcoolingwatertemperature(Input3).The capacityofthemachineisthenfoundbymultiplyingthefractionofnominalcapacityvaluebythe nominalcapacity.Thefractionofdesigncapacityisthencalculatedbydividingtherequiredchilled waterenergybythedesigncapacity(Parameter1)inordertofindthefractionofdesignenergy inputfromthethirdexternaldatafile.Therequiredsteamenergyisthenfoundbymultiplyingthe fractionofdesignenergyinputvaluebytheenergyinputatdesignconditions(thedesigncapacity (Parameter1)dividedbythedesignC.O.P(Parameter2)).Theoutletsteamcondensate temperatureandpressureistheninterpolatedfromthefourthexternaldatafileasafunctionofthe inletsteamgaugepressureandtheoutletsteamenthalpycanbecalculated.Therequiredsteam flowratecanthenbecalculated;theinletsteamflowrateisjustforconvergencecheckingandis notusedbythemodel.Basedonthecurrentcapacityandthechilledwaterload,theenergydelivery tothechilledwaterstream,andtheoutletchilledwatertemperaturecanbecalculated.Theamount ofenergyaddedtothecoolingwaterstreamcanthenbefoundbysummingthechilledwater energyremovalrate,thesteamenergyinputrate,andtheauxiliarypowerrate;theoutletcooling watertemperaturecanthenbefound.FinallytheCOPcanbecalculatedasthechilledwaterenergy ratedividedbythesumofthesteamenergyinputrateandtheauxiliaryenergyinput. Thechillerisassumedtobeoffiftheinputcontrolsignalislessthan0.5orifeitherthechilled waterflowrateorcoolingwaterflowrateinputsarezero.

TYPE616:SINGLEEFFECTSTEAMFIREDABSORPTIONCHILLER
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Thiscomponentmodelsasingleeffect,steamfiredabsorptionchillerthatreadscatalog performancedatafromusersupplieddatafiles.Themachinewillattempttodelivertheuser specifiedsetpointtemperatureforthechilledwaterstreambasedonthecurrentcoolingcapacity. Thecapacityisafunctionofthechilledwatersetpointtemperature,theinletcoolingwater temperature,andtheinletsteamcondition.Theusermustsupplytwoexternaldatafilesforthis component. Thefirstcatalogdatafilemustcontaintheratioofthecoolingcapacitytothenominalcooling capacity,andthefractionofthedesignenergyinput,asafunctionofthechilledwatersetpoint temperature,theinletcoolingwatertemperature,theinlethotwatertemperature,andthefraction ofdesignload.Thesecondfilemustcontaintheoutletcondensedsteamtemperatureasafunction oftheinletsteamgaugepressure.Refertothesampledatafileswhichaccompanythismodelfor moreinformationontheformatofthesedatafiles. Themodelcalculatestheenergyrequiredtomeetthecurrentload(requiredcapacity)basedonthe chilledwatersetpointtemperature(Input9),thechilledwaterflowrate(Input2),andtheinlet chilledwatertemperature(Input1).Thefractionofdesigncapacityisthencalculatedbydividing therequiredcapacitybytheratedcapacityofthemachine(Parameter1).Thefractionofnominal capacity(requiredcapacitydividedbynominalcapacity),andthefractionofdesignenergyinput areinterpolatedfromthefirstexternaldatafilebasedonthecalculatedfractionofdesigncapacity, thesteamgaugepressure,theinletcoolingwatertemperatureandthechilledwatersetpoint temperature.Thenominalcapacityandrequiredsteamenergyarethencalculatedbythemodel. Theoutletsteamcondensatetemperatureistheninterpolatedfromthesecondexternalfileasa functionofthesteamgaugepressure.Thesteamoutletisassumedtobesaturatedliquidatthe temperaturefoundfromtheexternalfileandtheoutletenthalpycanbecalculated.Therequired steamflowratecanthenbecalculated;theinletsteamflowrateisjustforconvergencechecking andisnotusedbythemodel.Basedonthecurrentcapacityandthechilledwaterload,theenergy deliverytothechilledwaterstream,andtheoutletchilledwatertemperaturecanbecalculated. Theamountofenergyaddedtothecoolingwaterstreamcanthenbefoundbysummingthechilled waterenergyremovalrate,thesteamenergyinputrate,andtheauxiliarypowerrate;theoutlet coolingwatertemperaturecanthenbefound.FinallytheCOPcanbecalculatedasthechilledwater energyratedividedbythesumofthesteamenergyinputrateandtheauxiliaryenergyinput. Thechillerisassumedtobeoffiftheinputcontrolsignalislessthan0.5orifeitherthechilled waterflowrateorcoolingwaterflowrateinputsarezero.

TYPE617:STEAMSUPERHEATER
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamsuperheaterusingthepinchpointtemperaturedifference approach.Intypicalapplications,hightemperaturewasteheatisusedtosuperheatasteamflow beforeenteringasteamturbineorotherhightemperaturesteamloaddevice.Inthismodel,the inlethotsidefluidattemptstoheataflowofsteamtoauserspecifieddegreesofsuperheat.The modelmayoperateinoneoftwoheatexchangerconfigurationmodes;parallelfloworcounter flow.Thepinchpointrepresentsthelocationintheheatexchangerwherethetwofluidsareclosest intemperature.Thelocationofthepinchpointdependsontheflowratesofthehotandcold streamsandtheconfigurationoftheheatexchanger.Themodelwillattempttoelevatethesteam condensatetotheuserspecifiedcondition;checkingthepinchpointatseveralcriticallocationsin thedevice.Ifapinchpointproblemisencountered,theoutletcondensateconditionsarere calculatedtoalleviatetheproblemandtheoutletsteamflowleavestheheatexchangercoolerthan 66

desired.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeitheroftheflowratesiszero,iftheinlethotsidefluid temperatureisbelowtheinletsteamtemperature,oriftheinletsteamtemperatureisalready abovethedesiredsteamoutlettemperature.

TYPE618:CONDENSATEPUMP(FLOWRATENOTSET)
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamcondensatepump.Theuserspecifiestheinletsteamcondensate conditionsandthedesiredoutletpressureandthemodelcalculatesthetheoreticalpowerfroma compressedliquidcalculation(specificvolumetimespressuredifferential).Theactualpoweris foundbydividingthetheoreticalpowerbythepumpefficiency.Ausersuppliedfractionofthe actualpumppowerisassumedtobelostfromthepumpshelltothesurroundingswhilethe remainingenergyendsupasanenergygaintothefluid.UnlikeotherTRNSYSpumpmodelsthatset theflowrateforthesteamloopbymultiplyingtheratedpumpflowratebyaninputcontrolsignal, thispumpsimplysetstheoutletflowratetotheinletflowrate.Thepumpisassumedtobeoffifthe inputcontrolsignalislessthan0.5oriftheinletsteamflowrateiszero.

TYPE619:OPENFEEDWATERHEATER/DEAERATINGHEATER/OPENSTEAM HEATERSTEAMFLOWCALCULATED
Thiscomponentmodelsanopensteamheaterinwhichhightemperaturesteamatavariableflow rateismixedwithlowtemperaturesteamataknownflowrateinordertoelevatethelow temperaturesteamtoauserspecifiedoutletcondition.Thiscomponentcalculatestheflowrateof hightemperaturesteamrequiredtomeetthedesiredoutletconditions;boundedbyauserdefined maximumhightemperaturesteamflowrate.Thiscomponentalsomodelsanopenfeedwater heaterinwhichsaturatedorsuperheatedsteamismixedwithsubcooledcondensateinorderto bringthetemperatureofthecondensateatornearitssaturationtemperature.Thiscomponentwill calculatetherequiredsteamflowrateinordertomeettheuserspecifiedoutletcondition.Theinlet hightemperaturesteamflowrate(Input2)isusedstrictlyforconvergencecheckingateachtime step.Thehightemperaturesteamflowrateissettozeroifthelowtemperaturesteamenthalpyis alreadyabovethedesiredoutletenthalpyorifthehightemperaturesteamisatalowerenthalpy thanthelowtemperaturesteaminlet.Thehightemperaturesteamflowrateissettotheuser definedmaximummixingflowrateiftheenthalpyofthehightemperaturesteamisabovetheinlet lowtemperaturesteamenthalpyandbelowthedesiredoutletenthalpy.Theoutletpressurefrom thedeviceisthelowerofthetwoinletpressureswiththehighpressuresteamflow instantaneouslyandadiabaticallyexpandingtothelowerpressure.Thisdeviceisassumedtobe perfectlyinsulated.

TYPE620:FITTINGPRESSURELOSS
Thiscomponentmodelsapressuredropinasteamcomponent.Ittakesinletpressure,enthalpy temperatureandmassflowrateaswellasthedesiredpressuredropacrossthefitting.Themodel calculatestheoutletsteamconditionsafterthepressurehasdroppedisenthalpically.The componentcanbeusedtodetermineoutletconditionsifthesteamcomesinascondensate,or condensesduetothepressuredrop.Anerrorwillbedetectedifthespecifiedpressuredropacross thefittingisgreaterthantheinletpressure.Thisdeviceisassumedtobeperfectlyinsulated.

TYPE621:CLOSEDFEEDWATERHEATERSTEAMFLOWCALCULATEDTO ACHIEVEUSERDESIGNATEDOUTLETCONDITION
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Thiscomponentmodelsaclosedfeedwaterheater;adeviceinwhichhighertemperaturesteamis mixedwithsubcooledsteamcondensateinordertobringthetemperatureofthecondensateator nearitssaturationtemperature.Thisdeviceoperateswithacounterflowconfiguration.Closed feedwaterheatersdonotmixtheflowstreams.Thisdeviceisnotequippedwithadraincooler;a deviceusedtosubcoolthehighertemperaturesteamflowandtransferadditionalheattothe condensateflowstream.Indeviceswithoutdraincoolers,thehighertemperaturesteamflowmay onlyexitatthesaturatedliquidpointorabove.Thismodelusestheterminaltemperature difference(TTD)approachtomodeltheheattransferinthedevice.Theterminaltemperature differenceisdefinedasthesaturationtemperatureofthehighertemperaturesteamminusthe desiredoutlettemperatureofthecondensateflow.Theterminaltemperaturedifferencemaybe negativeifthehighertemperaturesteamflowentersinasuperheatedcondition.Careshouldbe takentospecifypropervaluesoftheTTDaspoorvaluesoftheTTDmayresultinapinchpoint problematthesaturatedvaporpointofthehighertemperaturesteam.Forthisreasonthepinch pointtemperaturedifferenceatbothoutletsandatthesaturatedvaporpointofthehigher temperaturesteamisreportedbythemodelandshouldbecheckedbytheuserforreasonableness. Theoutlettemperatureofthecondensateflowissettotheminimumofeitherthecondensate saturationtemperatureorthesaturatedsteamtemperatureminustheterminaltemperature difference.Theoutlettemperatureofthesteamflowissettothesaturatedsteam.Ifthecalculated steamflowrequiredtomakethedesiredoutletcondensateconditionisgreaterthanthemaximum steamflowrate(Parameter1),theheattransferwillberecalculatedwiththesteamflowatits maximumflowrateandtheoutletconditionsreset.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifthe condensateflowrateiszerooriftheinletsteamenthalpyislessthantheenthalpyofthe condensateattheinlet. Thiscomponentcalculatestherequiredhightemperaturesteamflowrateinordertomeettheuser specifiedcondensateoutletcondition.Theinletsteamflowrate(Input2)isjustusedfor convergencecheckinginthemodel.

TYPE622:CLOSEDFEEDWATERHEATERWITHDRAINCOOLERSTEAMFLOW CALCULATED
Thiscomponentmodelsaclosedfeedwaterheater;adeviceinwhichhighertemperaturesteamis mixedwithsubcooledsteamcondensateinordertobringthetemperatureofthecondensateator nearitssaturationtemperature.Thisdeviceoperateswithacounterflowconfiguration.Closed feedwaterheatersdonotmixtheflowstreams.Thisdeviceisequippedwithadraincooler;a deviceusedtosubcoolthehighertemperaturesteamflowandtransferadditionalheattothe condensateflowstream.Indeviceswithoutdraincoolers,thehighertemperaturesteamflowmay onlyexitatthesaturatedliquidpointorabove.Thismodelusestheterminaltemperature difference(TTD)anddraincoolertemperaturedifference(DCTD)approachtomodeltheheat transferinthedevice.Theterminaltemperaturedifferenceisdefinedasthesaturationtemperature ofthehighertemperaturesteamminusthedesiredoutlettemperatureofthecondensateflow.The terminaltemperaturedifferencemaybenegativeifthehighertemperaturesteamflowentersina superheatedcondition.Thedraincoolertemperaturedifferenceisdefinedastheoutletsteam temperatureminustheinletcondensatetemperatureandmustalwaysbegreaterthanzero.The TTDandDCTDdefinetheheattransferandoutletconditionsfromthemodel,butcareshouldbe takentospecifypropervaluesoftheseINPUTs.PoorvaluesoftheTTDandDCDTmayresultina pinchpointproblematthesaturatedvaporpointofthehighertemperaturesteam.Forthisreason thepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceatbothoutletsandatthesaturatedvaporpointofthe highertemperaturesteamisreportedbythemodelandshouldbecheckedbytheuserfor 68

reasonableness.Theoutlettemperatureofthecondensateflowissettotheminimumofeitherthe condensatesaturationtemperatureorthesaturatedsteamtemperatureminustheterminal temperaturedifference.Theoutlettemperatureofthesteamflowissettotheminimumofeither thesaturatedsteamtemperatureortheinletcondensatetemperatureplusthedraincooler temperaturedifference.Ifthecalculatedsteamflowrequiredtomakethedesiredoutletcondensate conditionisgreaterthanthemaximumsteamflowrate(Parameter1),theheattransferwillbere calculatedwiththesteamflowatitsmaximumflowrateandtheoutletconditionsreset.Thedevice isassumedtobeoffifthecondensateflowrateiszerooriftheinletsteamenthalpyislessthanthe enthalpyofthecondensateattheinlet. Thiscomponentcalculatestherequiredhightemperaturesteamflowrateinordertomeettheuser specifiedcondensateoutletcondition.Theinletsteamflowrate(Input2)isjustusedfor convergencecheckinginthemodel.

TYPE623:GASCOMPRESSOR
Thiscomponentmodelsagascompressor.Theuserspecifiestheinletgasconditions,thedesired outletpressure,andtheefficiencyandthemodelcalculatesthepowerrequiredandtheoutlet conditions.Themodelassumesthatthegasbehaveslikeanidealgaswithconstantproperties.The theoreticalpoweriscalculatedusingidealgasrelationshipsandthentheactualpowerisfound usingtheprovidedefficiency.Withtheactualpowerknown,theoutletgasconditionsare calculated.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeitherthecontrolsignalsindicatesitisoff(<0.5),ifthe inletflowrateiszero,oriftheinletpressureisabovethedesiredoutletpressure.

TYPE624:STEAMORWATERINJECTIONDEVICE
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamorwaterinjectiondeviceusedtohumidifyanairstream.These systemsaretypicallyusedtoincreasethemassflowrateenteringagasturbineinordertoboostits poweroutput.ThiscomponentissimilartotheevaporativecoolingmodelsintheTESSHVAC libraryforTRNSYS,butdoesnotrelyonthepsychrometricssubroutineduetopressurelimitations thatarecommonlyencounteredingasturbinesimulations.Theuserspecifiestheinletairand steam(water)conditionsandthedesiredoutletRHfortheairandthemodelsolvestheheatand massbalanceequationstodeterminetheoutletstatesoftheairandsteamstreams.Thesteamthat isnotconsumedbythedeviceexitsatthesametemperature,pressure,andenthalpywithwhichit enteredthedevice.

TYPE625:GASTURBINEWITHORWITHOUTWATERINJECTION(CATALOGDATA)
Thiscomponentmodelsagasturbinebasedonausersuppliedperformancedatafile.The performancedatafilesuppliedtothismodelshouldbespecifictothedesiredcapacity,site elevation,andfueltypefortheapplication.Thedatafileshouldcontainthecapacity(kW),airinlet flowrate(kg/hr),heatrate(kJ/kWh),exhaustflowrate(kg/hr),exhausttemperature(C),exhaust heat(GJ/hr),andwaterinjectionratio(kgH2O/kgfuel)asafunctionofthecurrentpartloadratio, waterinjectionratio,andambienttemperature.Twoexampledatafilesareprovided Theturbinewillattempttodelivertheuserspecifiedpower(Input3),butmaybelimitedbythe operatingcapacityofthemachinebasedonthecurrentinletconditions.

TYPE626:HEATRECOVERYHOTWATERGENERATOR
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Thiscomponentmodelsaheatrecoveryhotwatergenerator;adevicewhichusesthewasteheat (usually fromagasturbineorareciprocatingengine)tomakehotwater.Thismodelreliesonan effectivenessapproachtocalculatetheheatexchangebetweenthetwofluids.Thedeviceis internallycontrolledtobypassaportionofthehotsidefluidinordertokeepthecoldsideator belowauserspecifiedtemperature.Themodelalsomakessurethatthenonbypassedportionof thehotsidefluidremainsaboveauserspecifiedminimumtemperature(minimumstack temperatureforexample)andthatthemixedhotsidetemperature(bypassesplusnonbypassed flows)isalsoaboveaminimumtemperaturespecifiedbytheuser.

TYPE627:HEATRECOVERYHOTWATERGENERATORWITHLOADFLOW CALCULATED
Thiscomponentmodelsaheatrecoveryhotwatergenerator;adevicewhichusesthewasteheat (usuallyfromagasturbineorareciprocatingengine)tomakehotwater.Thismodelreliesonan effectivenessapproachtocalculatetheheatexchangebetweenthetwofluids.Ifthedeviceis runningatitsmaximumloadsideflowrate(par1)andtheoutletloadsidetemperatureisstill abovethedesiredoutlettemperature,thedeviceprovidesinternalcontroltobypassaportionof thehotsidefluidinordertokeepthecoldsideatorbelowitssetpoint. Thismodelcalculatestheflowrateofloadsidefluidthatmayberaisedtoitssetpointtemperature basedontheinletsourceconditionstheinputflowrateisnotused!!

TYPE628:PERFORMANCEMAPFULLLOADSTEAMTURBINE
Thismodelusesanexternaldatafiletocomputethepowerproducedfromasteamturbinegiven theinletsteamconditions,theturbinebackpressure,andtherequiredrotationalspeed.The turbineoperatesatitsratedcapacityatalltimes.Themodelcalculatesthesteaminletflowrate requiredthesteamflowrateINPUTtothismodelisNOTusedexcepttocheckwhethercontinuity ismaintained.Theexternaldatafilecontainsthefullloadcapacityandcorrespondingturbine efficiencyasafunctionoftherotationalspeed,theinletsteampressureandtheturbineback pressure.Asampledatafileisprovidedfortheuser.

TYPE629:AIRCOMPRESSOR(MOISTAIRCALCULATIONS)
Thiscomponentmodelsanaircompressor.Theuserspecifiestheinletairconditions,thedesired outletpressure,andtheefficiencyandthemodelcalculatesthepowerrequiredandtheoutlet conditions.Themodelassumesthatthegasbehaveslikeanidealgaswithconstantbutaverage properties.Theaveragespecificheatoftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegratedcorrelation basedontheinletandoutlettemperaturesoftheairstream.Theidealoutlettemperatureis calculatedusingidealgasrelationshipsandthentheactualoutlettemperatureisfoundusingthe providedefficiency.Withtheoutlettemperatureknown,theremainingmoistairpropertiescanbe calculatedandtherequiredpowerfound.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeitherthecontrol signalsindicatesitisoff(<0.5),iftheinletairflowrateiszero,oriftheinletairpressureisabove thedesiredoutletairpressure.

TYPE630:AIRCOMPRESSOR(DRYAIR)
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Thiscomponentmodelsanaircompressor.Theuserspecifiestheinletairconditions,thedesired outletpressure,andtheefficiencyandthemodelcalculatesthepowerrequiredandtheoutlet conditions.Themodelassumesthatthegasbehaveslikeanidealgaswithconstantbutaverage properties.Theaveragespecificheatoftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegratedcorrelation basedontheinletandoutlettemperaturesoftheairstream.Theidealoutlettemperatureis calculatedusingidealgasrelationshipsandthentheactualoutlettemperatureisfoundusingthe providedefficiency.Withtheoutlettemperatureknown,therequiredpowercanbefound.The deviceisassumedtobeoffifeitherthecontrolsignalsindicatesitisoff(<0.5),iftheinletairflow rateiszero,oriftheinletairpressureisabovethedesiredoutletairpressure.

TYPE631:AIRPREHEATER/AIRCOOLEDINTERCOOLER/REGENERATOR THEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS
Thiscomponenthastheabilitytomodelseveralsimilargasturbinecomponents;anairtoair regeneratordevice,anaircooledintercooler,andanairpreheater.Aregeneratorisadevicethat preheatstheairafterthecompressionprocess(andbeforethecombustionprocess)byusingthe hotexhaustgasesfromagasturbine.Anaircooledintercoolerisadevicethatusescoolersupply airtocoolanairstreambetweenmultiplecompressionsteps.Anairpreheaterisadevicethat exchangeswasteheatfromoneairstreaminordertoelevatethetemperatureofasecondair stream. Thismodelisbasicallyanairtoairheatexchangerwherethemoistaircalculationsarenot consideredandtheairisassumedtoactlikeanidealgaswithconstant(butaverage)properties. Theaveragespecificheatoftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegratedcorrelationbasedonthe inletandoutlettemperaturesoftheairstream.Theintercoolerheattransferiscalculatedusingthe heatexchangereffectivenessapproachrefertothedocumentationfortheType5heatexchanger inVolume1oftheTRNYSManualformoreinformationontheeffectivenessconcept.

TYPE632:FLUIDCOOLEDINTERCOOLERTHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS
Thiscomponentmodelsafluidcooledintercooler;adevicethatusesacoolersupplyfluidtocoolan airstreambetweenmultiplecompressionsteps.Thismodelisbasicallyafluidtoairheat exchangerwherethemoistaircalculationsarenotconsideredandtheairisassumedtoactlikean idealgaswithconstant(butaverage)properties.Althoughitisdescribedasafluidcooled intercooler,thismodelcouldalsobeusedtoheatanairstreamusingawarminletfluid.The averagespecificheatoftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegratedcorrelationbasedonthe inletandoutlettemperaturesoftheairstream.Theintercoolerheattransferiscalculatedusingthe heatexchangereffectivenessapproachrefertothedocumentationfortheType5heatexchanger inVolume1oftheTRNYSManualformoreinformationontheeffectivenessconcept.

TYPE633:COMBUSTIONDEVICETHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS
Thiscomponentmodelsasimpleheatadditiondeviceforagasturbinesystem.Thecombustion processissimplymodeledasaheatgaintotheairwithauserdefinedefficiency.Theproductsof combustionareignoredinthismodel.Theairisassumedtoactlikeanidealgaswithconstant(but average)properties.Theaveragespecificheatoftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegrated correlationbasedontheinletandoutlettemperaturesoftheairstream.Theoutlettemperatureis settothedesiredsetpointtemperatureifthecapacityofthemachineisnotexceededindoingso.If thecapacityofthemachineisreached,thedevicewillrunatitscapacityandtheresultantoutlet 71

temperaturecalculated.Thedeviceisassumedtobeoffifeitherthecontrolsignalsdictatesitisoff (<0.5),iftheinletflowrateiszero,oriftheinlettemperatureisabovethesetpointtemperature.

TYPE634:TURBINESECTIONTHEORETICALGASTURBINESYSTEMS
Thiscomponentmodelsaturbinesectionforagasturbineapplication.Theuserspecifiestheinlet airconditionsandtheoutletpressureandefficiencyandthemodelcalculatesthepowerproduced andtheoutletairconditions.Inthismodel,themoistaircalculationsarenotconsideredandtheair isassumedtoactlikeanidealgaswithconstant(butaverage)properties.Theaveragespecificheat oftheairstreamiscalculatedfromanintegratedcorrelationbasedontheinletandoutlet temperaturesoftheairstream.Thetheoreticalpowerproducediscalculatedfromanidealgas relationshipusingtheinletandoutletpressures.Theactualpoweristhenfoundbymultiplyingthe theoreticalpowerbytheusersuppliedefficiencyandtheoutletairconditionsthenfound.The deviceisassumedtobeoffifeitherthecontrolsignalsdictatesitisoff(<0.5),iftheinletairflow rateiszero,oriftheinletpressureisbelowthedesiredoutletpressure.

TYPE635:STEAMSTEAMHEATEXCHANGER
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamtosteamheatexchanger;transferringheatfromtheinlethotside steamflowtotheinletcoldsidesteamflow.Themodelincludesinternalcontrolstokeepthecold sideoutletfluidatorbelowauserspecifiedmaximumenthalpyconditionandtokeepthehotside outletfluidatoraboveauserspecifiedmaximumenthalpycondition.Ifeitheroftheoutlet conditionsaretobefreefloating(notcontrolled),simplysetthecorrespondingdesiredoutlet enthalpylessthanzeroandthecontrolsforthatoutletwillbedisabled.Thisfeatureisusefulifthe userwishestokeepthehotsideinasaturatedconditionorkeepthecoldsidebelowsaturationfor example.Thedeviceiscontrolledtobeoffifeitherthehotsideorcoldsideflowratesarezero,orif heattransferfromthehotsidetothecoldsideisnotphysicallypossible.Thecomponentrelieson bothaneffectivenessapproachandapinchpointapproachtomodelthecomplexheattransfer betweenthetwosteamflows.Theeffectiveness(Input11)isusedtosetthemaximumpossible heattransferbetweentheflowstreamsbasedontheinlettemperatures.Forthismodel,the maximumpossibleheattransfer(ignoringpinchpointeffects)iswhentheoutlettemperatureof thecoldsideflowrateisequaltotheinlettemperatureofthehotsideflowstream.Withthis maximumheattransferrateknown,thetemperaturesofthesteamflowsatseveralcriticalpoints arecalculatedtomakesurethatthepinchpointtemperaturedifference(Parameter1)isnot encountered.Ifapinchpointproblemisencountered,theoutletsteamconditionsarerecalculated toavoidthepinchpointproblemandtheeffectivenessisrecalculated.Whilehavingtheuser designatebothaneffectivenessandapinchpointtemperaturedifferenceissomewhatredundant, itdoesincreasetheflexibilityofthemodel. Forparallelflowconfigurations,thepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceischeckedattheoutletof thedevice.Forcounterflowconfigurations,thepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceischeckedat theoutletofthehotsideflow(theinletofthecoldsideflow),theoutletofthecoldsideflow(the inletofthehotsideflow),thesaturatedliquidpointsofbothstreams,andthesaturatedvapor pointsofbothstreams. Withtheprovidedflexibilityofthiscomponent,itcanmodelaclosedfeedwaterheater(withor withoutadraincooler),asteampreheater,asteameconomizer,asuperheater,adesuperheater etc..Basicallyanysteamtosteamorsteamtowater,orwatertowaterheatexchanger.

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TYPE636:HEATRECOVERYSTEAMGENERATOR
Thiscomponentmodelsaheatrecoverysteamgenerator(HSRG);adevicewhichuseshigh temperaturewasteheat(usuallyfromagasturbine)toheatasteamflow.Thiscomponentcanalso modelasteamsuperheater,oracondensatepreheater.Thismodelwillattempttomeettheuser specifiedsteamoutletconditionbutmaybelimitedbytheenteringhotsidetemperaturesandflow rate.Thisdevicemayoperateineitheracounterfloworparallelflowconfiguration.Themodel reliesonthepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceapproachtocheckforimpossible(orunrealistic) heatexchangeconditions.Thepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceisdefinedtobetheminimum temperaturedifferencebetweenthehotsourcefluidandthesteamthatallowsforheattransfer betweenthefluids.Inparallelflowmodethepinchpointischeckedonlyattheoutletofthedevice (theoutletofthesteamandtheoutletofthehotsourcefluid)asthisrepresentstheminimum temperaturedifferencebetweenthetwofluids.Incounterflowmode,thepinchpointischeckedat theoutletofthesteamflow(inletofthehotsourceflow),theoutletofthehotsourceflow(the steaminlet),atthesteamsaturatedliquidpoint,andatthesteamsaturatedvaporpoint.Ifthe temperaturedifferenceatthesepointsislessthanthepinchpointtemperaturedifference,theheat transferisrecalculatedsuchthatthepinchpointproblemisnotencountered.Thedeviceis assumedtobeoffifeitheroftheflowrateinletsiszero,oriftheinletsteamenthalpyisalreadyat orabovethedesiredoutletsteamenthalpy.

TYPE637:HEATRECOVERYSTEAMGENERATORMAXIMUMSTEAMFLOW
Thiscomponentmodelsaheatrecoverysteamgenerator(HSRG);adevicewhichuseshigh temperaturewasteheat(usuallyfromagasturbine)toheatasteamflow.Thiscomponentcanalso modelasteamsuperheater,oracondensatepreheater.Thismodelwillattempttomeettheuser specifiedsteamoutletconditionbutmaybelimitedbytheenteringhotsidetemperaturesandflow rate.Thisdevicemayoperateineitheracounterfloworparallelflowconfiguration.Themodel reliesonthepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceapproachtocheckforimpossible(orunrealistic) heatexchangeconditions.Thepinchpointtemperaturedifferenceisdefinedtobetheminimum temperaturedifferencebetweenthehotsourcefluidandthesteamthatallowsforheattransfer betweenthefluids.Inparallelflowmodethepinchpointischeckedonlyattheoutletofthedevice (theoutletofthesteamandtheoutletofthehotsourcefluid)asthisrepresentstheminimum temperaturedifferencebetweenthetwofluids.Incounterflowmode,thepinchpointischeckedat theoutletofthesteamflow(inletofthehotsourceflow),theoutletofthehotsourceflow(the steaminlet),atthesteamsaturatedliquidpoint,andatthesteamsaturatedvaporpoint.Ifthe temperaturedifferenceatthesepointsislessthanthepinchpointtemperaturedifference,theheat transferisrecalculatedsuchthatthepinchpointproblemisnotencountered.Thedeviceis assumedtobeoffifeitheroftheflowrateinletsiszero,oriftheinletsteamenthalpyisalreadyat orabovethedesiredoutletsteamenthalpy. Thisversionoftheheatrecoverysteamgeneratorcalculatesthemaximumsteamflowratewhich canbeproducedgiventheinlethotsidesourceconditionsandthedesiredsteamoutletenthalpy; constrainedbythespecifiedpinchpoint.Inthismodel,theinletsteamflowrateisnotusedandis justprovidedforcontinuity.

TYPE638:STEAMBOILER(EFFICIENCYASINPUT)
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamboiler.Thismodelwillattempttomeettheuserspecifiedsteam outletconditionbutmaybelimitedbycapacityrestraints.Theavailablecapacityiscalculatedby 73

multiplyingtheratedcapacity(Parameter1)bytheinputcontrolsignal(Input5).Thecapacity referstotheheatinputtothefluidandnotthegrosscapacityofthedevice.Inthismodel,theuser enterstheboilerefficiency(Input6)whichisthendividedintotherequiredsteaminputenergyto calculatetherequiredfuelinputtothemodel.Theuseralsoprovidesthecombustionefficiency (Input7)whichisusedtocalculatetheboilerthermallosses.Overallefficiencyislowerthanthe combustionefficiencyduetoboilerthermallossesandanycyclingeffects.Thismodelaccepts, condensate,saturatedorsuperheatedsteam.Theboilerisassumedtobeoffiftheinletsteamflow rateiszero,theinputcontrolsignaliszero,oriftheinletsteamenthalpyisgreaterthanorequalto thedesiredoutletsteamenthalpy.Ifthedesiredoutletsteamconditionscannotbemetdueto capacitylimitations,themachinewillrunatitsavailablecapacityandtheoutletsteamstate calculated. ThismodelisbasedonASHRAEsdefinitionofboilerefficienciesaspublishedin2000ASHRAE SystemsandEquipmentHandbook.

TYPE639:STEAMBOILER(EFFICIENCYFROMDATAFILE)
Thiscomponentmodelsasteamboiler.Thismodelwillattempttomeettheuserspecifiedsteam outletconditionbutmaybelimitedbycapacityrestraints.Theavailablecapacityiscalculatedby multiplyingtheratedcapacity(Parameter1)bytheinputcontrolsignal(Input5).Thecapacity referstotheheatinputtothefluidandnotthegrosscapacityofthedevice.Inthismodel,theuser providesafileofboilerandcombustionefficiencyatvariouscombinationsoftheinletsteam temperatureandtheboilerpartloadratio.Theboilerefficiencyisthendividedintotherequired steaminputenergytocalculatetherequiredfuelinputtothemodel.Thecombustionefficiencyis usedtocalculatetheboilerthermallosses.Overallefficiencyislowerthanthecombustion efficiencyduetoboilerthermallossesandanycyclingeffects.Thismodelaccepts,condensate, saturatedorsuperheatedsteam.Theboilerisassumedtobeoffiftheinletsteamflowrateiszero, theinputcontrolsignaliszero,oriftheinletsteamenthalpyisgreaterthanorequaltothedesired outletsteamenthalpy.Ifthedesiredoutletsteamconditionscannotbemetduetocapacity limitations,themachinewillrunatitsavailablecapacityandtheoutletsteamstatecalculated. ThismodelisbasedonASHRAEsdefinitionofboilerefficienciesaspublishedin2000ASHRAE SystemsandEquipmentHandbook

TYPE640:FEEDWATERSTORAGETANK
Thiscomponentmodelsafeedwaterstoragetankwithtwosteaminletsandtwosteamoutlets.The tankisassumedtobekeptataconstantpressureandanysteaminletsthatarebelowthistank pressurearedivertedaroundthestoragetank(outletstate=inletstate).Steaminletsatpressures higherthanthetankpressureareassumedtoinstantaneouslyandadiabaticallyexpandtothetank pressurebeforemixingwiththetankfluid.Thetankismodeledasafullymixed,constantvolume storagetankwithlossestothesurroundings.Thisdeviceismeanttostoresubcooledliquidsteam andwillventanysteamthatoccursfromaboilingconditionwithinthetank.Theinletsteamflows arecompletelymixedwiththestoragefluidandtheresultantstoragetankconditionisthenoutlet. Forexample,if100kg/hrofsteamentersatinlet1then100kg/hofstoragefluidexitthetankat outletone.Thetankcanbeofanygeometry(cylindrical,sphericaletc)astheuserentersthe storagevolumeandthesurfacearea.Themodelaccountsforthecapacitanceofthestoragefluid andusesa1storderdifferentialequationtosolveforthetanktemperaturesgiventheinletsteam conditionsandthetanklosses. 74

TYPE659:EXHAUSTGASSUPPLEMENTALFIRINGORPROPORTIONALHOTWATER BOILER
Anauxiliaryheaterismodeledtoelevatethetemperatureofaflowstreamusingeitherinternal control,externalcontroloracombinationofbothtypesofcontrol.Theheaterisdesignedtoadd heattotheflowstreamatauserdesignatedrate(Qmax*Y)whenevertheheateroutlet temperatureislessthanauserspecifiedmaximum(Tset). Byspecifyingaconstantvalueofthecontrolfunctionofoneandspecifyingasufficientlylargevalue ofQmax,thisroutinewillperformlikeanauxiliaryheaterwithinternalcontroltomaintainan outlettemperatureofTset. Byprovidingacontrolfunctionbetweenzeroandonefromathermostatorcontroller,thisroutine willperformlikeafurnaceaddingheatatarateofQmax*Ybutnotexceedinganoutlettemperature ofTset.Inthisapplication,aconstantoutlettemperatureisnotsoughtandTsetmaybethoughtof asanarbitrarysafetylimit.

TYPE682:HEATINGANDCOOLINGLOADSIMPOSEDONAFLOWSTREAM
ThiscomponentisbynomeanstheshiningjewelofTRNSYSmodels.Itishowever,asimplemodel thatprovesveryusefulinawidevarietyofapplications.Thismodelsimplyimposesauser specifiedload(cooling=positiveload,heating=negativeload)onaflowstreamandcalculatesthe resultantoutletfluidconditions.Boilingandfreezingeffectsareignoredsobecarefulwhenusing thiscomponent.Thissimplemodelcanrepresentanynumberofdevicessuchaschillers,water loopbuildingloads,radiators,heatpumpsetc.wherethephysicsofthedevicearenotimportant andtheremovalofthecorrectamountofenergyfromaflowstreamISimportant. 75

THEHIGHTEMPERATURESOLARCOMPONENTLIBRARY

TYPE257:PARABOLICSOLARCOLLECTOR Type257modelsaconcentratingparabolictroughsolarcollector.Thissubroutineisunlike otherparabolictroughmodelsinthatthemassoftheworkingfluidintheabsorbertube andthechangeinfluidpropertieswithtemperatureisaccountedforinthemodel.The subroutinealsoallowstheusertomodelarowofidenticalsolarcollectorsconnectedin series.

TYPE258:DIVERTINGVALVE Type258 models a multiple-port fluid diverting valve where the enthalpy of the fluid is considered to be a quadratic function of temperature.

TYPE259:SOLARFIELDPIPING Type259 models a fluid-filled pipe using the concept of isothermal nodes. This subroutine is unlike other pipe models in that the change in fluid properties with temperature is accounted for in the model.

TYPE260:MIXINGVALVE Type260 models a multiple-port fluid mixing valve (tee piece) where the enthalpy of the fluid is considered to be a quadratic function of temperature.

TYPE261:EXPANSIONTANK Type261 models a variable-volume, fluid-filled storage tank. The fluid in the storage tank is assumed to be fully mixed (no stratification). This subroutine accounts for the change in fluid properties with temperature. This subroutine is often used in closed loop piping projects to model the impact of changing fluid volume with temperature.

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