WiMAX Networking Implications for IETF 16ng

IETF-68, Prague 2007-03-19

Max Riegel NWG Vice-chair <maximilian.riegel@siemens.com>

Overview
• • • • • • • • • • • Scope of WiMAX Forum Mobile WiMAX Network Architecture WiMAX Network Reference Model Reference Points in Mobile WiMAX -> Implications for 16ng ASN Anchored Mobility ASN Profiles and Implementation Options Deployment Options -> Implications for 16ng Relays in Mobile WiMAX Multiple Hosts Support -> Implications for 16ng Summary: WiMAX NWG Release 1 Features Conclusion
2007-03-19

Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

WiMAX: Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
• The WiMAX Forum promotes the deployment of broadband wireless access networks by supporting a global standard and certifying interoperability of products and technologies. – Support IEEE 802.16 standard family – Propose and promote access profiles for their IEEE 802.16 standard – Certify interoperability levels both in the network (IIOT) and the radio interface (RCT/PCT/NCT) – Achieve global acceptance – Promote use of broadband wireless access overall
WiMAX Board
Marketing MWG Global Roaming GRWG Regulatory RWG Service Provider SPWG Application AWG Network NWG Technical TWG Certification CWG

Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

2007-03-19

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.16f/g/i NetMan Management Plane WiMAX NWG RAN Architecture • IEEE802.16/802.16-2004 & 802. 2007-03-19 .16 NetMan • IEEE P802.Relation between IEEE802.16e define data and control plane – Management plane functions are part of 802.16 does not deal with the radio access network • The standardization of the missing parts of a nomadic and mobile WiMAX radio access network is the scope of the WiMAX NWG.16 and WiMAX NWG CS SAP Service Specific Convergence Sublayer (CS) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Management Entity PHY Pysical Layer (PHY) PHY Layer Management Entity Service Specific Convergence Sublayer Management Entity MAC Common Part Sublayer Privacy Sublayer MAC RAN Control & Transport Functions External Networks IEEE802. Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.16e Data/Control Plane 802.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .A Wireless Access Network for the Internet User Access Core NSP Content Internet • The Internet decouples the Content from the Core – Split between Application Service Provider and Network Service Provider • Often Access is not owned by Network Service Provider but operated as independent business – Network Access Provider does not deal with the particular subscriber but concentrates on establishment and operation of network infrastructure – Possibility to sell network access to multiple service providers enables economy of scale and reduces ROI Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.

• ASP (Application Service Provider) – Provides and manages applications on top of IP – Provides value added services. VoIP. 2007-03-19 .. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. To provide these services.) Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.g.g. ASPs) for providing IP services to subscribers. – An NSP may also establish roaming agreements with other NSPs and contractual agreements with third-party application providers (e. . Layer 3+ (e.Network Operator Roles in WiMAX • Network Access Provider (NAP) – A business entity that provides radio access infrastructure to one or more Network Service Providers. corporate access. an NSP establishes contractual agreements with one or more NAPs.. • Network Service Provider (NSP) – A business entity that provides IP connectivity and network services to subscribers compliant with the Service Level Agreement it establishes with subscribers.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. Subscriber 2007-03-19 .Network Operator Relationships in WiMAX ASP ASP ASP A NSP may have a special relationship with an ASP for value added services Internet A NSP may have contracts with multiple NAPs A NSP may have a contract with another NSP NSP NSP NSP NAP NAP NAP A NAP may have contracts with multiple NSPs NAP NAP Subscriber Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.

– 802. authorization and accounting – IP address management – Mobility and roaming between ASNs – Policy & QoS management based on a SLA – ASN: Access Serving Network • Logical representation of the functions of a NAP. – L2 Session/mobility management – QoS and Policy Enforcement – Foreign Agent (FA) – Forwarding to selected CSN Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.g.16 interface w/ network entry and handover – Radio Resource Management & Admission ctrl. – Connectivity to the Internet.Definition of the WiMAX Network Reference Model • Based on logical network entities for NSP and NAP – CSN: Connectivity Serving Network • Logical representation of the functions of a NSP. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.g. e. 2007-03-19 . ASPs – Authentication. e.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.Mobile Network Architectures Legacy Architecture MNO ‘A’ Services Mobile WiMAX Network Architecture ASP Internet MNO ‘B’ Services Core Core CSN CSN CSN R5 RAN RAN R2 R1 R3 ASN ASN NSP R4 NAP Subscriber Subscriber Subscriber 2007-03-19 Subscriber Subscriber Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. .

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.Mobile WiMAX Network Reference Model (NRM) R2 Visited NSP Home NSP R2 R1 SS/ MS R3 ASN R5 CSN CSN R4 Another ASN ASP Network OR Internet ASP Network OR Internet NAP control plane data plane Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. SS: MS: ASN: CSN: Subscriber Station Mobile subscriber station Access Serving Network Connectivity Serving Network 2007-03-19 .

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. ASN-GW) – Most implementations follow this logical structure Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.WiMAX Network Reference Model (roaming case. 2007-03-19 . HA in vNSP) R2 NAP R6 ASN ASN GW BS R6 vNSP hNSP BS MS R1 R3 AAA proxy CSN AAA PF CSN R5 PF R4 HA BS R6 ASN ASN GW BS R6 R3 Internet Internet • The NRM defines also a logical decomposition inside the ASN (BS.

All other LNK the properties of their respective owners.16 IP WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum IP IP CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.16 IP GRE 802.WiMAX CSN Anchored Mobility Management Proxy-MIP: MIP Client resides in ASN-GW MSS ASN FA CSN HA ASP Internet IP 802.16 MIP MIP IP IP IP LNK 2007-03-19 LNK IP GRE GRE IP Copyright 2007 802. LNK LNK trademarks are IP LNK .16 IP LNK MIP GRE IP IP IP LNK LNK MIP IP IP IP LNK LNK IP LNK Client-MIP: MIP Client resides in MSS MSS ASN FA CSN HA ASP Internet MIP IP 802.

2007-03-19 . & Loc Authorization Authentication QoS Ctrl Mob Mgmt DataPath Encaps DataPath Encaps DataPath • NRM Reference Points represent a bundle of protocols between peer entities – Similar to a real IP network interface • The implementation of a particular protocols over a reference point is optional – If a particular protocol is present. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. & Loc Authorization Authentication QoS Ctrl Mob Mgmt CSN R3 Pag.WiMAX Reference Points MS R1 Pg/SM RRM-C Pg/SM Config PKM QoS HO PKM QoS HO ASN R6 RRM-S Pag. it must conform to the WiMAX specification Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.

2007-03-19 .16 interface • ASN-GW: ASN-Gateway – Centralized control and traffic concentration – L2 mobility anchor – Authenticator and accounting entity – Several interoperable ASN Profiles Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.WiMAX NRM Considerations • Interoperability enforced via reference points without dictating how vendors implement edges of reference points • Introduces the notion of functional entities – which can be combined or decomposed by vendor and/or operator • No single physical ASN or CSN topology is mandated – allowing room for vendor / operator differentiation • Optional: Further decomposition of ASN into logical entities • BS: Base Station – IEEE802. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.WiMAX NRM: The simple case Stationary network deployment option R2 NAP+NSP MS R1 BS R6 ASN ASN GW AAA proxy CSN PF BS R6 HA Internet Internet • Direct attachment of a CSN to an ASN without exposing R3 results in a stationary network model without need for MIP – L2 mobility still available for load balancing • As well as R6 reference point for ‘standard’ BS Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. 2007-03-19 .

– Eventually only for roaming users (no own service provider business) Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.Real deployments will be a mixture of scenarios NSP CSN NAP+NSP ASN BS ASN GW BS HA AAA PF R3 CSN R5 AAA PF HA AAA PF NSP CSN MS MS R1 R1 Internet Internet Internet Internet • Many access provider will implement direct Internet connectivity by a co-located CSN to minimize transport. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .

WiMAX Network Model Implications for 16ng • Support for access network sharing – Separation of user traffic of different NSPs – Overlapping IP address spaces (IPv4) – Enforced forwarding of all user traffic to the CSN • Legal intercept • E911 • Route optimization Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .

• 3. 6.ASN anchored hand-over case CSN NAP authenticator ASN anchor ASN serving ASN target ASN serving ASN 4 6 3 2 1. 4. Retrieve Key • authenticator ID is part of MS context Data path to anchor GW •Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum anchor GW ID is part of MS context CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. RNG_REQ(HO_ID. • • MOB_MSHO_REQ(target BS list) HO_REQ delivered to all target BS all BS respond with HO_RESP indicating if they can accept the MS MOB_BSHO_RSP(target BS. BS) HO_Complete RNG_RSP(new CID to SF mapping) 2. HO_ID) MOB_HO_IND(target BS) HO_Confirm delivered to the target BS 1 5 7 5. 7. serv. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 (Credits to Domagoj Premec) .

Virtual Paging Paging Location RRM-A Func. .Mapping Functions to ASN Profiles ASN Data Path HO Context Func. Paging Controller Location Register RRM-C Standard Release 1 Protocols Not specified Triggers Data Path HO Context Authent. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. most ASN functions in BS • BS anchored by standard router • Inter BS control over Ethernet 2007-03-19 BS ASN BS BS • All radio-specific functions in BS • Handover-Ctrl (RRM) in BS • Routing and AAA/Pg in ASN-GW ASN GW Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. Relay MIP Client Initiator Agent Agent WiMAX ASN Profiles: A B C BTS ASN ASN-GW BTS [BSC] BTS • PHY and partly MAC in BTS • Handover-Ctrl (RRM) in ASN-GW • Routing and AAA/Pg in ASN-GW BS ASN BS BS unspecified decomposition • e.g. Client Func. ServerAuthenticator FA Func.

2007-03-19 .) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) PHS (opt.) Classifier Data Path Function GRE-Key#1 GRE-Key#2 GRE-Key#3 GRE-Key#4 GRE-Key#5 GRE-Key#6 Classifier Classifier CID#3 CID#5 CID#1 Classifier CID#2 CID#4 CID#6 R6 PHS (opt.) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) GRE Data Path Function MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) R1 MS MS MS WiMAX BS Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.ASN Data Plane (IP-CS Case) IP-Service R3 PMIP Client DHCP Server Mapping & Filtering CS SAP ASN GW APPL CS SAP APPL CS SAP APPL CS SAP PHS (opt.) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) PHS (opt.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) PHS (opt.) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) GRE Data Path Function MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) R1 MS MS MS WiMAX BS Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.) Classifier Data Path Function GRE-Key#1 GRE-Key#2 GRE-Key#3 GRE-Key#4 GRE-Key#5 GRE-Key#6 Classifier Classifier CID#3 CID#5 CID#1 Classifier CID#2 CID#4 CID#6 R6 PHS (opt.) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer PHY SAP Physical Layer (PHY) PHS (opt.ASN Data Plane (IPoETH-CS Case) IP-Service R3 PMIP Client DHCP Server Mapping & Filtering CS SAP ASN GW APPL CS SAP APPL CS SAP APPL CS SAP PHS (opt.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .Control Plane and Data Path Protocol Layering R1 MS Control .16Ctrl MAC PHY BS ASN R6 ASN-GW R3 R5 CSN CSNctrl IP LNK PHY CSN .16Ctrl ASNctrl MAC IP LNK PHY PHY ASNctrl CSNctrl IP IP LNK LNK PHY PHY IP*-CS Data Path IP IP-CS MAC PHY IP IP-CS MAC PHY IP GRE IP LNK PHY IP GRE IP LNK PHY IP IP LNK PHY IP IP LNK PHY IP LNK PHY IP LNK PHY IP*oETH-CS Data Path IP ETH ETH-CS MAC PHY IP IP ETH ETH ETH-CS GRE IP MAC LNK PHY PHY IP ETH GRE IP LNK PHY IP IP LNK PHY IP IP LNK PHY IP LNK PHY IP LNK PHY ETH-CS Data Path ETH ETH-CS MAC PHY ETH ETH ETH-CS GRE IP MAC LNK PHY PHY ETH GRE IP LNK PHY ETH PHY LNK PHY ??? ??? ETH PHY LNK PHY ETH PHY ETH PHY Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.

but without wires.IP Network Service vs. 2007-03-19 . All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. Ethernet Network Service • IP Network Service R1 ASN WiMAX Link R3 CSN Internet WiMAX Network providing IP Service ASP – The WiMAX network provides IP connectivity to the Internet and operator services for single hosts or multiple hosts behind a gateway. • Like a DSL network. Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. • Like a 3GPP or 3GPP2 mobile network • Ethernet Network Service BRAS PPPoE IPoE R1 ASN WiMAX Link R3 CSN PPPoE IPoE VLAN L2-VPN MetroETH WiMAX Network providing Ethernet Service VLAN L2-VPN MetroETH – The WiMAX network provides plain Ethernet connectivity end-2-end.

2007-03-19 .WiMAX Interworking with DSL (over V-interface) ASN-GW w/ DSL-IWF AAA (Device) (R3) R6 V V Ethernet Aggregation Switch/Network AN BNG (BRAS) • ASN-GW w/ DSL-IWF looks like an AN towards the DSL aggregation network • WiMAX AAA provides device authentication. QoS set-up and session accounting per device • Ethernet Bridge and access router resides outside of the WiMAX network Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. IPoETH-CS and ETH-CS – WiMAX assumption: A MS is deploying only one kind of Convergence Sublayer at a time • WiMAX mandates per-SF tunneling between BS and ASN-GW – Convergence Sublayer is implemented in ASN-GW Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.WiMAX ASN Model Implications for 16ng • An ASN is able to serve IP-services as well as ETH-services – ETH-CS: Bridge and access router may reside outside of the WiMAX network • But still serving IP services • ASN may have to concurrently support IP-CS. 2007-03-19 .

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.Relays in Mobile WiMAX Rationale: Poor ‘indoor’ penetration. even more when in move Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. 2007-03-19 .

WiMAX – Wi-Fi relays CSN-A WiFi ASN CSN-B Relay • WiMAX devices may be dual mode Wi-Fi/WiMAX devices – Very likely for WiMAX equipped notebooks • WiMAX – Wi-Fi relays can be applied to solve the indoor penetration issues of WiMAX • Relays may be concurrently used by several WiMAX subscribers belonging to different CSNs – Can WiMAX subscription be re-used behind relay? • Setting up WiFi security context and accounting Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. 2007-03-19 . All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. appears to the network like an ordinary Mobile WiMAX MS with full QoS support. 2007-03-19 . – Limited Host • Host without WiMAX subscription (NAT user) Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum.WiMAX NWG Definitions for Multiple Hosts Support G-Host G-Host G-MS R1 ASN R3 CSN R5 CSN NAP V-NSP H-NSP R1 MS • Gateway-MS (G-MS) Mobile WiMAX SS/MS that provides the multiple hosts support • Gateway-Host (G-Host) Host attached to the G-MS to leverage the WiMAX network facility for external access. – Full Host • Host with direct or indirect subscription to access the WiMAX network.

Network Sharing and Roaming with Relay w/ Multiple Hosts Support CSN-B CSN-A ASN CSN-C CSN-D Internet Internet • Gateway-MS belongs to operator of CSN-A – Establishes control connection to AAA server in CSN-A • User A gets access over the G-MS belonging to CSN-A – Authentication is provided by AAA server in CSN-A • User B gets Internet Access over G-MS and CSN-A – Roaming without data forwarding to home • User C gets access to his services over CSN-A – Roaming with data forwarding to home • User D does not get access due to missing authentication path CSN-B and CSN-C are not aware of the G-MS in the path Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .

WiMAX Multiple Hosts Support Implications for 16ng • A MS may be a gateway serving multiple WiMAX subscriptions – Home NSPs may be not aware that subscriber is connected via G-MS – G-MS has to connect multiple independent hosts to the ASN • Bridging or Routing • Overlapping IP address spaces • Individual connection management Multiple Hosts Support will be addressed in WiMAX NWG Release 1. 2007-03-19 .5 Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

Summary: WiMAX NWG Release 1 Features • Network discovery and selection with roaming support • Authentication and Authorization based on EAP and RADIUS • IP & Ethernet support (Ethernet optional) • Mobility management inside ASN and directly between ASNs • Mobility Management between ASN and CSN based on Mobile IP – Client MIP support as well as DHCP with Proxy MIP • Radio Resource Management procedures inside ASN • Sleep/Idle mode and paging support • Pre-provisioned QoS framework • No standardized functional decomposition inside CSN • Two different ASN profiles for standardized function splits between BS and ASN-GW – Optional to implement Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners. 2007-03-19 .

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.The End • Questions? • Comments! Thank you for your attention! Copyright 2007 WiMAX Forum “WiMAX Forum” and "WiMAX Forum CERTIFIED “ are trademarks of the WiMAX Forum. 2007-03-19 .

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