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A.) Meaning of table of specification (T.O.S.)
Table of specification is a plan prepared by a classroom teacher as a basis for test construction especially a periodic test. It is important that this be carefully prepared because it contributes to the development of the quality teat which per see is a good instrument for diagnostic and remedial teaching. Table of specification is to ensure the valid measure of the most rational objective and course contents. We use representative samples of pupils performance in each of the area to be measured the instrument that that is widely used for this purpose. Is a devise for describing test items in terms of the content and the process dimensions that is, what a student is expected to know and what he or she i s expected to do with the knowledge. It is described by c o m b i n a t i o n o f content and process in the table of specification A Table of Specifications is a two-way chart which describes the topics to be covered by a test and the number of items or points which will be associated with each topic. Sometimes the types of items are described, as well. The content of a course or curriculum may be broadly defined both subject matter content and instructional objectives. The former is concerned with the topics to be learned and the latter with the types of performance pupils are expected to demonstrate. Both these aspects are of concern in determining content validity. Table of specification is a chart that aids in obtaining a sample of test tasks that represent both dimensions. A table of specification would have every learning objective listed for every lesson for the whole year The table of specification basically is like a table chart that goes over topic that will be on a test. This table chart is split into two charts and each sub topic is numbered under the main topics that are being covered for the test. This type of table is mainly used by teachers to help break down their outline on a specific subject. Some teachers use this particular table as their teaching guideline by breaking the table into subjects, the teacher’s main points, how much time spent on the point, and what assignment/ project can be done to help the student learn the subject.
• • • • To identify the achievement domains being measured.O. To ensure that a fair and representative sample of questions appear on the test. The table of specification is often useful to organize the planning process of designing a test allows the teacher to predetermine the content of the test. A Table of Specifications also gives us the proof we need to make sure our test has content validity. t h a t i t covers what should be covered.B.) Importance / relevance of Table of specification (T. .S) in test construction • Constructing fair tests that give teachers accurate information about students learning is an important skill for teachers. To allow the teacher to construct a test which focuses on t h e k e y a r e a s a n d weights those different areas based on their importance. • A Table of Specifications allows us to ensure that our test focuses on the most important areas and weights different areas based on their importance / time spent teaching. To provides the teacher with evidence that a test has c o n t e n t v a l i d i t y . Using a table of specification to organize a teacher – made test helps alleviate content validity problems because it helps the teacher create good balance in several areas.
O.S. Health Statistics 5. Samples each of one – way classification of Table of specification (T.) Samples each of One – way classification and two – way classification of Table of specification (T.) 1. Integrated Management Childhood Illnesses TOTAL Number of Class Sessions 2 and 2 2 2 3 4 of 5 20 Number of Items 4 4 4 4 6 8 10 40 Test Item Distribution 1-4 5-8 9-12 13-16 17-22 23-30 31-40 40 Number of Items = Number of class sessions x desired total number of items Total number of class sessions Example: Number of items for the topic “Family Health Nursing” Number of class sessions = 2 Desired number of items = 40 Total number of class sessions = 20 = = Number of Items = Number of class sessions x desired total number of items Total Number of Class 2 x 40 20 4 Number of Items . Family Health Nursing a. Primary Health Care Community Organizing 3. Home Visit 2. Bag Technique b.C. Community Diagnosis 4. Communicable Diseases 7.O. Public Health Programs 6.) TABLE 1 Sample of One Way TOS in Community Health Nursing Topics Covered 1.S.
TABLE 2 One – way table of specification in Elementary Mathematics II.20 21 . indicating areas of instructions and number of class sessions CHAPTER 3 – SUBSTRUCTION OF WHOLE NUMBER CONTENT 1. mental computation through estimation 7. problem solving 8. Subtraction as the inverse of addition 3.26 27 . Subtraction with regrouping 5. Subtraction without regrouping 4.41 42 – 50 1 – 50 . Subtraction involving zeros 6.36 37 .10 11 .Subtraction concepts 2. total NUMBER OF CLASS SESSION 4 4 8 5 4 4 7 40 NUMBER OF ITEMS 5 5 6 6 5 5 9 50 TEST PLACEMENT 1–5 6 .
Samples of two – way classification of Table of specification (T.force 7.conserv ation of energy 10. number of class sessions and objectives to be tested.work. speed and Velocity 3.conser vation of momentu m TOTAL Class Session s 3 3 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 Instructional Objectives Knowle Compre Applicati Analysi dge hension on s 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 Synthesi s 1 1 1 Evalu ation 1 1 1 Total no.2. energy and power 9.free falling bodies 5.) TABLE 1 Two – way table of specification in high school Physics. conversio n of units 2.Acceler ation 4. indicating content.O.vector 8.projectil e motion 6. Content 1. Of items 6 6 4 2 2 2 4 6 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 4 4 20 4 6 8 8 7 7 40 .S.
Family Health Nursing a. Bag Techniques b. Health Statistics 5. Home Visits 2. Community Diagnosis 4. Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses TOTAL Total 4 6 4 6 8 12 40 1 2 3 8 1 1 1 3 TABLE 2 Table of Specifications for a Chemistry Unit Test on Oxygen Content (%) Physical Properties Chemical Properties Preparation Uses Total Knowledge 8 12 4 16 40 Comprehension Application 6 9 3 12 30 6 9 3 12 30 Total (%) 20 30 10 40 100 . Public Health Programs 6. Primary Health Care and Community Organizing 3.Analys Synthes hensio cation is is n 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 9 Evaluat ion 1 1 1 1 2 2 8 Topics Covered 1. Communicable Diseases 7.TABLE 2 Sample of Two Way Table of Specification for Community Health Nursing Clas s Hour s 2 2 2 2 3 4 5 20 Kno wledg e 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 Compr eAppli.
ku.azlifa.answers.Reference: http://wiki.com.scribd.com/table-of-specifications/ http://www.google.specialconnections.com/Q/Definition_of_table_of_specification#ixzz1Rc5AoTK7 http://www.php? cat=assessment§ion=main&subsection=qualitytest/table http://wiki.answers.ph/books? id=uizXxsteQ80C&pg=PA124&lpg=PA124&dq=Importance+/ +relevance+of+Table+of+specification+%28T.com/doc/57006458/Table-of-Specifications-Sir-Cudal http://books.edu/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/specconn/main.S %29+in+test+construction&source=bl&ots=oj2o4qPiCW&sig=cHTWOqry6pxuRQjHVUj8 Nq9fdgc&hl=tl&ei=GF0ZTr2LMOuHmQWioJgo&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnu m=10&ved=0CGsQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false .com/Q/What_is_a_table_of_specifications#ixzz1Rc779vH4 http://www.O.