U. S.

ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS 78234

BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

SUBCOURSE MD0010 EDITION 100

DEVELOPMENT This subcourse is approved for resident and correspondence course instruction. It reflects the current thought of the Academy of Health Sciences and conforms to printed Department of the Army doctrine as closely as currently possible. Development and progress render such doctrine continuously subject to change. For questions on the content of this subcourse, phone DSN 471-7338 (commercial 210-2217338), e-mail don.atkerson@amedd.army.mil, or write to: ACADEMY OF HEALTH SCIENCES MULTIMEDIA DEVELOPMENT BRANCH ATTN MCCS HLD 2250 STANLEY ROAD STE 326 FORT SAM HOUSTON TX 78234-6130 ADMINISTRATION Students who desire credit hours for this correspondence subcourse must meet eligibility requirements and must enroll through the Nonresident Instruction Branch of the U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School (AMEDDC&S). Initial application for enrollment may be made on DA Form 145 or on ATRRS. If DA Form 145 is used, the approving official must complete the reverse side of the form and forward the form to: NONRESIDENT INSTRUCTION BRANCH AMEDDC&S ATTN: MCCS-HSN 2105 11TH STREET SUITE 4191 FORT SAM HOUSTON TX 78234-6199 or fax the form to 210-221-4012 or DSN 471-4012. A student can self-enroll on ATRRS by going to website http://atrrs.army.mil and submitting the application under the SELF DEVELOPMENT selection. In general, eligible personnel include enlisted personnel of all components of the U.S. Army who hold an AMEDD MOS (42E, 71G, 76J, and 91-series) or MOS 18D. Officer personnel, members of other branches of the Armed Forces, and civilian employees will be considered for eligibility when the application is authenticated by an approving official and when the requested instruction is job related. For comments or questions regarding enrollment, student records, or shipments, contact the Nonresident Instruction Branch at DSN 471-5877, commercial (210) 221-5877, toll-free 1-800344-2380; fax: 210-221-4012 or DSN 471-4012, e-mail accp@amedd.army.mil, or write to the NRIB address given above. CLARIFICATION OF TRAINING LITERATURE TERMINOLOGY When used in this publication, words such as "he," "him," "his," and "men" are intended to include both the masculine and feminine genders, unless specifically stated otherwise or when obvious in context.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Lesson INTRODUCTION 1 Paragraphs ................................................................................ iii Page

INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMED LEARNING Section Section Section I. How to Use Programmed Instruction .................... 1-5 II. Introduction to Stems, Prefixes, and Suffixes........................................................... 6-14 III. How to Complete Each Pretest ............................. 1-2 1-4 1-7

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STEMS PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section Section Section I. Pretest #1................................................................. II. Basic Components ................................................. 15-28 III. Pertaining to the Musculoskeletal System ................................................................... 29-38 Section IV. Pertaining to the Integumentary System ............... 39-42 Section V. Pertaining to the Respiratory System ................... 43-52 Section VI. Pertaining to the Digestive System ....................... 53-67 Section VII. Pertaining to the Accessory Organs of Digestion........................................................... 68-73 Section VIII. Pertaining to the Cardiovascular System ................................................................... 74-80 Section IX. Pertaining to the Hematopoietic and Lymphatic Systems .............................................. 81-87 Section X. Pertaining to the Endocrine System...................... 88-92 Section XI. Pertaining to the Nervous System and Psychiatric Disorders........................................... 93-100 Section XII. Pertaining to the Genitourinary System ................ 101-109 Section XIII. Pertaining to Gynecology and Obstetrics .............................................................. 110-114 SectionXIV. Pertaining to the Sensory Organs ......................... 115-123 Section XV. Miscellaneous Stems.............................................. 124-131 SectionXVI. Medical Terminology Crossword Puzzle .............. SectionXVII. Self Assessment 1 .................................................. 2-2 2-6 2-11 2-16 2-19 2-25 2-33 2-36 2-40 2-44 2-47 2-52 2-57 2-60 2-65 2-69 2-71

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PREFIXES PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section Section I. Pretest #2................................................................. II. General Information................................................. 132-138 3-2 3-4

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Lesson Section Section Section Section Section Section Section Section 4 III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.

Paragraphs Pertaining to Location.............................................139-149 Pertaining to Time ...................................................150-154 Pertaining to Negation ............................................155-159 Pertaining to Amount or Comparison. . . . . . ........160-174 Pertaining to Color ..................................................175-180 Pertaining to Size and Position .............................180-191 Pertaining to Miscellaneous Items .........................192-198 Self Assessment 2 ..................................................

Page 3-6 3-11 3-13 3-15 3-22 3-25 3-30 3-33

SUFFIXES PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section I. Pretest #3 ................................................................. Section II. General Information and Diseases ........................199-203 Section III. Pertaining to Diagnosis ..........................................204-220 Section IV. Pertaining to Operative Procedures......................221-232 Section V. Pertaining to Symptoms .........................................233-245 Section VI. Self Assessment 3 .................................................. REVIEW--Self Assessment 4 .................................................. GLOSSARY ............................................................................. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE........................................................ ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS ........................................ EXAMINATION .......................................................................... 4-2 4-4 4-6 4-14 4-20 4-26 4-32 A-1 B-1 C-1 EXAM-1

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Credit Awarded: Upon successful completion of this subcourse.CORRESPONDENCE COURSE OF U. and suffixes. there is a logical method found in medical terminology. Suffixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. Subcourse Components: This subcourse consists of 4 lessons and an examination. Many of the words used in medicine are made up of parts which are also used in other words. Stems Pertaining to Medical Terminology. prefixes. to complete forms. and a suffix. At first. Once you know the meanings of the basic parts of the words. a prefix. During this course. and to communicate with others in the hospital in a professional manner. Lesson 2. to decipher a physician's handwriting.S. you will learn to identify and define a stem. These basic parts of medical terms are called stems. you will be awarded 5 credit hours. Fortunately. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL SUBCOURSE MD0010 BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY INTRODUCTION Medical terminology is the professional language of those who are directly or indirectly engaged in the art of healing. Examination. Lesson 3. iii . the medical terms may seem strange and bewildering to you and appear to be extremely difficult to learn. You will need to know medical terms in order to read a medical record. The lessons are: Lesson 1. Lesson 4. you can put them together to understand the meanings of many medical terms. Introduction to Programmed Learning. You will also learn how they are used in combination to describe a medical term. Prefixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology.

and their use will speed up your process of locating a word. It is designed to help you obtain a knowledge of basic medical terminology. You will be notified by return mail of the examination results. You need to know how to use a dictionary properly. Be sure that your social security number is on all correspondence sent to the Army Medical Department Center and School. This booklet may be written in and retained by the student for future reference. You must furnish a #2 pencil. you will hear and see unfamiliar medical terms. Using the Dictionary: As you work in the medical field. iv . Answer sheets are not provided for individual lessons in this subcourse because you are to grade your own lessons. Guide Words. Many times you will have access to a medical dictionary. Exercises and solutions for all lessons are contained in this booklet. The introduction to the dictionary will tell you how words are alphabetized in that particular dictionary. You are encouraged to continue your study of medical terminology after completing this basic orientation to medical terminology. Most dictionaries have the basic characteristics described below: a. This means that when you are given the definition of a medical term. The final goal or terminal learning objective of this subcourse is that you be able to convert a medical term into lay terminology.Lesson Materials Furnished: Lesson materials provided include this booklet. pronunciation guide. when you are you given the medical term. and list of abbreviations will be a useful reference document. There are numerous textbooks on medical terminology for those students desiring a more complete study of the subject. The two large words printed at the top of each page are called "guide words. fill out the examination answer sheet and mail it to the Army Medical Department Center and School along with the Student Comment Sheet in the envelope provided. an examination answer sheet. When you have completed all of the lessons to your satisfaction. Your grade on the exam will be your rating for the subcourse. you will be able to identify the proper medical term or. It is NOT intended to be complete or comprehensive. The glossary. Procedures for Subcourse Completion: You are encouraged to complete the subcourse lesson by lesson. you will be able to identify the proper definition. and an envelope. Purpose: This programmed instruction subcourse has been prepared for use by students in the medical field." These words identify the first and last words entered alphabetically on that page.

Entry. The pronunciation is given in parentheses following the entry word. the plural of a medical word is irregularly formed or has alternate plurals. Frequently. you will find the definition or definitions (6) Synonyms." followed by an italicized word. (7) Derived words. Information on the origin of the word generally appears in square brackets. often there is a group of additional words printed in bold type. the sequence of entries.) along with examples of common words to illustrate sounds. All the information about a word in the dictionary is called an entry. These words are closely related or derived from the entry words. and the use of punctuation and capitalization in entries and their sequence. Etymology is the tracing of a word back to its origins. This unit provides assistance in pronouncing the word: the diacritical markings (stress marks. Different dictionaries use different pronunciation and accent symbols. Definition. Most medical words originated in Greek or Latin or a combination thereof. This unit addresses how main entries are made. An entry contains a variety of information and may include all or part of the following information: (1) Entry word. Following the SYN. A section on the abbreviations used to identify the language of origin along with an explanation of the composition of medical vocabulary is generally included in v . The arrangement of this introduction varies but most medical dictionaries will address the following: Organization or Arrangement of Entries. Pronunciation. long and short vowels. (3) Plural forms. The introduction portion of each dictionary will provide a key to the symbols. Introductory Section to a Medical Dictionary: All dictionaries contain an introductory section which provides information on "how to use" the dictionary. (4) Etymology. Etymology.b. Following the origin. These are words which have a similar meaning to the entry word. is used. etc. The entry word is printed in dark type and is sometimes divided into syllables. For additional information on the term or entry: "See" or "See also. SYN after the definition indicates synonyms. (2) Pronunciation. (5) of the term. Many medical dictionaries will list these plurals. (8) Cross reference.

appendix appendicopathy Pronunciation with diacritical markings: Plural forms: appendixes. Frequently used alone to refer to the appendix vermiforms. However. appendixes. just knowing the meaning of the medical terms used in this course is vi . Entry word. Plurals. and compounds used in medical terminology. A presentation on plural forms is included because many plurals are irregularly formed and because many words have alternate plurals. or dependent part attached to a main structure. accessory. Sample Dictionary Entry: Appendix (ah-pen'diks). Most sections on etymology include comments on prefixes. appendere. from appendere to hang upon] means from the Latin term. accessory. Synonyms: none Cross-reference: Appendage. Definition: A general term used in anatomical nomenclature to designate a supplementary. pl. appendices ah-pen'diks ah-pen"di-kop'ah-the Etymology: [L. suffixes.the introduction. from appendere to hang upon] a general term used in anatomical nomenclature to designate a supplementary. Refining Your Vocabulary: This course provides an introduction to the most common medical terms you will encounter. combining forms. Appendicopathy (ah-pen"di-kop'ah-the) [appendix + Gr pathos disease] any diseased condition of the vermiform appendix. This portion of the introduction will indicate how plurals are presented and listed in the dictionary. Since more than 75% of medical terms are derived from Latin and Greek. appen'dices [L. a discussion of the transcription to English of Greek and Latin terms is usually presented. Any disease condition of the vermiform appendix. which meant to hang upon. [appendix + Gr pathos disease] means the stem appendix plus the Greek word pathos which means disease. or dependent part attached to a main structure. Often the Greek and Latin alphabets are included in the etymology section of the introduction. see also appendage.

Pretest: This course on medical terminology has one introductory lesson and three lessons related to terminology. and returning it to us with your examination answer sheet. As you add words to your medical vocabulary. Please review this comment sheet before studying this subcourse. the second pretest will test your knowledge of medical prefixes. In this way. vii .not enough. there is a pretest which will enable you to determine your knowledge of medical terminology. Student Comment Sheet: Be sure to provide us with your suggestions and criticisms by filling out the Student Comment Sheet (found at the back of this booklet). The first pretest will test your knowledge of medical stems. You should complete each pretest before working the lesson. Before each lesson. Developing your medical vocabulary requires refining. you will help us to improve the quality of this subcourse. You can refine and sharpen your medical vocabulary through the correct use of a medical dictionary. you need not work the lesson unless you wish to reinforce your knowledge of medical terminology. and the third pretest will test your knowledge of medical suffixes. you must constantly work to use the words correctly. If you correctly answer 90% of the pretest questions.

MD0010 1-1 . and suffix. Lesson 1.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 1 TEXT ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVE Introduction to Programmed Learning. select the correct definition. frame numbers 1-14. you should be able to: Given a series of frames defining prefix. stem. After completing this lesson.

The answer appears on the right hand side of the page just before the next frame. Make a cover card from a piece of cardboard. HOW TO USE PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION Directions: Each frame consists of a question and an answer. GOOD LUCK! MD0010 1-2 . Place the cover card over the answer to the frame you are reading. The programmed instruction format begins on the next page. Check your answer by moving your cover card down to expose the correct answer.LESSON 1 Section I. Read the information in the frame and answer the question.

If the material is easy. This immediate feedback will help you learn what is _______________. frames 2 ****************************************** By checking your answer after you have answered a question. quickly) quickly ****************************************** MD0010 1-3 . If the material is difficult for you. incorrect) correct 3 ****************************************** If your answer is incorrect.1 ****************************************** The material in programmed instruction is arranged in a series of small steps called frames. you can go slowly. Each frame presents new information to you or reviews material you may already be familiar with. frame 4 ****************************************** Programmed instruction also allows you to learn at your own speed. all of the following material is arranged in steps called _________. Therefore. Fortunately. (correct. (slowly. you should re-read the frame to find out why you missed the question. all of the information you need to correctly answer the question is contained within that __________. you can go more ______________. you will get immediate feedback as to whether or not you are correct.

programmed instruction ****************************************** Section II. The part of the word. and the suffix. the stem. That is why this type of material is called _______________________. Usually.5 ****************************************** Programmed instruction is designed to proceed logically from one frame to the next frame. the stem (root). "basketball. The three word parts that you will be concerned with are the prefix. When working with programmed instruction." which gives the basic meaning to the word is "ball. The word parts. only two of these parts are present in a medical term. prefix 6 7 ****************************************** The stem is the part of the word which gives the basic meaning to the term. you should not attempt to skip ahead because each frame is developed from preceding frames. INTRODUCTION TO STEMS. of a medical term may include the _________. then. stem ****************************************** MD0010 1-4 . "ball" is considered to be the ______." Therefore. PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES ****************************************** All medical terms can be broken down into word parts. and the suffix.

and suffix. The part of the word which gives basic meaning to the word is the ______. after) before 11 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes after the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the root word is called the suffix. words used in medicine are comprised of one or more parts called prefix. suffix 12 ****************************************** In summary. (before. prefix 9 ****************************************** The part of the word which gives the basic meaning to the word is called the ___________. In the term "specialist." "special” is the stem and "ist" is the __________. stem. In the word "basketball." "ball" is the stem and "basket" is the _________________. stem 10 ****************************************** The prefix is the part of the word which comes _________ the stem.8 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes before the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the prefix. stem ****************************************** MD0010 1-5 .

prefix 14 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes after the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the _________. however. Read the Pretest instructions carefully. you should take the Pretest for lesson 2 on stems which follows this introductory material. MD0010 1-6 .13 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes before the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the __________. let's look at some medical word parts. BEFORE you look at specific medical word parts. suffix ****************************************** _____________________________________________________________________ Now that you're off to a good start.

Before you begin work on your study of medical terminology in lessons 2. If you score 90% or better on the pretest. it is not necessary for you to work the problems presented in the lesson. The answers to each pretest are found at the end of each lesson. you should go directly to the final examination. If you successfully pass all the pretests. MD0010 1-7 . you should complete the pretest for each lesson. If you successfully pass the pretest. you should go to the next pretest. The score you make on the pretest will enable you to determine how much you already know about the medical terminology presented in the lesson.Section III. and 4. HOW TO COMPLETE EACH PRETEST 1. 3. 2.

Lesson 2. After completing this lesson. frame numbers 15-131. MD0010 2-1 . select the appropriate English meaning without error. Given a list of 15 of the 100 Latin and Greek medical stems covered in lesson 2 and a list of English meanings for these stems. write the English meaning of the medical stem in the space provided without error. Given 10 multiple choice questions on medical stems. 2-2. you should be able to : 2-1.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 2 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Stems Pertaining to Medical Terminology.

LESSON 2

PRETEST #1

Before you turn to frame 15 and begin work on your study of medical terminology, complete the pretest on the following pages. The pretest contains 70 questions relating to medical terminology stems. The correct answers to the pretest are found at the end of this lesson. If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions, you pass the pretest. A score of 90% on this pretest is 63 correct answers. Write your answers in the space provided in each question. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Ophthalmalgia means pain in the __________. Otorrhea is a discharge from the __________. Prenatal means before __________ and post febrile means after __________. A salpingostomy is a surgical opening into a __________. Oophoropexy means fixation of an __________. An enterolith is a __________ in the intestines. Hematuria means the presence of blood in the __________. Orchidectomy means excision of a __________. Cystorrhagia means hemorrhage of the __________. Urethrorrhaphy means suturing the __________. A cholelith is a __________ stone. A hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy means the excision of the __________, __________, and __________. 13. 14. 15. Ureterocele means __________ of the ureter. Esthesia means __________ or __________. Pathophobia means an abnormal __________ of disease.

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16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.

Megalomania is a mental __________. Osteopathy means disease of the __________. Cerebrotomy is an incision into the __________. Neuralgia means pain along the course of a __________. Glycolysis is the breakdown or destruction of __________. Edema means __________. Acroparalysis refers to paralysis of the __________. Tachyphagia is a word for fast or rapid __________. Splenopathy means a disease of the __________. Lymphostasis means control the flow of __________. An encephaloma is a __________. Lipolysis means destruction or breakdown of __________. A pyocele is a hernia containing __________. Dacryorrhea means excessive flow of __________. Cytology is the study of __________. Thrombus is the medical way to say __________. Arterioplasty is surgical repair of an __________. Phlebosclerosis is the hardening of the __________. Vasotripsy means the crushing of a __________. An angiospasm is a spasm of a __________. Hepatomegaly means enlargement of the __________. A proctoscopy is an examination of the __________. Colocentesis means puncture of the __________.

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39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49.

Jejunoileitis is inflammation of the __________ and the __________. Psychosis means any serious __________ condition. Enteroptosis means prolapse of the small __________. Gastrectasia is the dilation or stretching of the __________. Gingivalgia means pain in the __________. The lacrimal gland secretes __________. Cheilosis is a disorder of the __________. A duodenotomy is an incision into the __________. Stomatoplasty means surgical repair of the __________. Apnea means temporary cessation of __________. Treatment with compressed __________ is called pneumotherapy. A laparorrhaphy is the suturing of the __________. Glossoplegia is a paralysis of the __________. Bronchorrhagia means __________ hemorrhage. Nasal means pertaining to the __________. Rhinoplasty means surgical repair of the __________. Laryngitis is inflammation of the __________. Onychosis means a condition of the __________. Costal means pertaining to the __________. Abdominocentesis is a surgical puncture of the __________. Tendinitis is inflammation of the __________. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart __________. Myelocele means herniation of the __________ __________.

50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61.

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62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

Chondromalacia is the softening of __________. Arthritis is a word which means inflammation of a__________. A tympanectomy is an excision of the __________. Keratectasia means dilatation of the __________. A pharyngotomy is an incision into the __________. Blepharoptosis means prolapse of the __________. Hemostasis means the act of controlling the flow of __________. A necroparasite is one that lives on __________ organic matter. Pneumomycosis is a condition of lung __________.

Check your answers on page 2-77

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BASIC COMPONENTS NOTE: Please refer to the pronunciation guide on page B-1 to assist you in pronouncing the terms you will encounter in this lesson. the hepat (meaning liver). ****************************************** Certain combinations of stems are hard to pronounce." "sing." and "speak" are the stems. gastrotome. ****************************************** All words have a stem. MD0010 2-6 . or both. stems 17." and "speaker. We will first discuss the main body or basic component of a medical term called the stem or root word. gastr (meaning stomach). and arthrotome. The stem of a medical word usually indicates the organ or part which is modified by a prefix or suffix. ****************************************** The main body or basic component of a word is called the ______ or _______ word." "writer. Even everyday words have stems. This awkwardness of pronunciation makes it necessary to insert a vowel called a combining vowel. in the words "singer. In medical terms such as hepatomone. This is often true when a stem ends in a consonant and the word part that is added to it also begins with a consonant. For example." "write. ****************************************** root 15. stem 16. and arthr (meaning joint) are the .Section II.

23. o 20. ****************************************** Instead of joining two stems or root words directly. combining vowel 19. making it necessary to insert a vowel called a ________________. d. Strat . MD0010 2-7 . o ****************************************** 22. Instead of joining the two stems "therm" and "meter" directly. ****************************************** Usually the combining vowel is an "o." "i." "e. c. Certain combinations of stems or root words are difficult to pronounce." "u. Therm . b.mania becomes megalomania. ****************************************** We find combining vowels in ordinary words." or "y.'o' meter.phere becomes stratosphere. Speed ." but occasionally it may be "a. 21. Megal ." ****************************************** Here are some more examples: a. we insert the combining vowel "o" and say "therm . we insert the combining vowel which is usually an _________.meter becomes speedometer." ****************************************** The combining vowel is usually an _____________.meter becomes thermometer.18.

When the first stem ends in a consonant and the second word part begins with a consonant. ****************************************** In the word stratosphere. The basic core of any word is the ________.24. Combinations of stems are often difficult to pronounce. "strat" is the stem and "strat. ****************************************** In the word megalomania. combining (frame 17) ****************************************** MD0010 2-8 . stem (frame 15) ****************************************** b.o" is the ________________. "speed" is the stem and "speed -o" is the combining form. combining form 28. complete each of the following statements: a. In the word speedometer. "megal" is the stem and "megal .o" is ________________. 26. "therm" is the stem and "therm . we must insert a vowel called a __________ vowel. ****************************************** As a review. ****************************************** In the word thermometer. combining form 27. for example.o" is the _______________. A stem plus the combining vowel is known as the combining form. combining form 25.

The combining vowel is usually an ______. there are generally many inconsistencies in forming medical terms.c. o (frame 19) ****************************************** d. Practicing the correct pronunciation aloud will also help you remember the term and its meaning. Although Latin combining forms (stem + combining vowel) should be used only with Latin prefixes and suffixes and Greek combining forms with Greek pre-fixes and suffixes. The combination of a stem plus a combining vowel is known as the ______________. In this course. MD0010 2-9 . stems are presented with the combining vowel and in their combining forms (stem + combining vowel = combining form) and referred to simply as the stem. combining form (frame 24) ****************************************** NOTE: Each frame which introduces a new medical term contains the correct pronunciation with diacritical markings. You should pronounce each medical term aloud so that you can hear how the word sounds. The pronunciation guide below should be used to help you pronounce the medical term correctly.

ten.teno-. See also tendo-. A combining form meaning tendon. Combining forms meaning tendon. The combining form of the stem. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. tenon-. Several sources were used as references in compiling the information included in this text including the following: Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. tendo. Blakinton's Gould Medical Dictionary . see also teno-.. Teno-. tenonto -.The combining forms presented in this text are legitimate . Stedman's Medical Dictionary. MD0010 2-10 . Combining form denoting relationship to a tendon. tenonto-. Blakinton's Gould Medical Dictionary. teno-. you will not find all the combining forms used in this text in any one medical dictionary. Combining form meaning tendon. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary . however.tendo-. for example does not appear in some dictionaries and appears in different forms in other medical dictionaries as follows: Stedman's Medical Dictionary .

STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM MD0010 2-11 .Section III.

****************************************** The musculoskeletal system includes the bones. kon-dri'tis cartilage ****************************************** MD0010 2-12 . os"te-o-ar-thri'-tis bone 31. A person with chondr-itis. ar"thro-de'-sis joint 32. has inflammation of the ______ and joint. muscles. arthro. A person who has osteo-arthritis. means joint. Arthrodesis means fixation of a _______ by fusion. ****************************************** The stem.Now let's look at some of the more common stems pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. for example. 29. ****************************************** Osteo is a stem which means bone. and joints. has inflammation of the _________. 30. ****************************************** The stem chondro means cartilage. for example.

****************************************** Costo is a stem which means rib. A person who has myelitis has an inflammation of the _______ ________ or _________. in"ter-kos'tal ribs ****************************************** MD0010 2-13 . The intercostal space.33. ten"di-ni'tis tendon 36. is an involuntary contraction of a ___________. ****************************************** Tendo is a stem which means tendon. ****************************************** Myo is a stem which means muscle. A person with tend-initis has inflammation of a _________. A myospasm. for example. for example. refers to the space between the ____________. mi'o-spazm muscle 35. The stem myelo means bone marrow or spine. mi"e-li'tis bone marrow/spine 34.

A person who has osteoarthritis has inflammation of the ______ and _________. Tendo: _________ tendon (frame 35) ****************************************** g. Costo: _________ rib (frame 36) 38. fill in the blanks with the appropriate words: a. Arthro: _________ joint (frame 31) ****************************************** c. Osteo: _________ bone (frame 30) ****************************************** b. Chondro: _________ cartilage (frame 32) ****************************************** d.37. Myelo: _________ bone marrow/spine (frame 33) ****************************************** e. give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. bone/joint (frames 30 & 31) ****************************************** MD0010 2-14 . ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. Myo: _________ muscle (frame 34) ****************************************** f. a. As a review.

b. Arthrodesis is fixation of a __________ by fusion. joint (frame 31) ****************************************** c. A person with chondritis has inflammation of the __________. cartilage (frame 32) ****************************************** d. A person who has myelitis has inflammation of the _____ _______ or __________. bone marrow/spine (frame 33) ****************************************** e. A myospasm is an involuntary contraction of a __________. muscle (frame 34) ****************************************** f. A person with tendinitis has an inflammation of a __________. tendon (frame 35) ****************************************** g. Intercostal refers to the space between the __________. ribs (frame 36) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 37 and 38, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 39.

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Section IV. STEMS - PERTAINING TO THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

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The integumentary system includes the skin and its appendages - the hair and nails. 39. Derma is a stem which means skin. A person with dermatophytosis, for example, has a fungus condition of the __________.

der"mah-to-fi-to'sis skin 40. ****************************************** Onycho is a stem which means nail. Onychectomy means surgical removal of the _________of a finger or toe.

on"i-kek'to-me nail 41. ****************************************** Let's review the stems you've just studied. Give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the integumentary system: a. Derma: __________ skin (frame 39) ****************************************** b. Onycho: __________ nail (frame 40) ******************************************

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42.

Let's make sure you know the stems you have just studied. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms. a. A person with dermatophytosis has a fungus condition of the __________. skin (frame 39) ****************************************** b. Onychectomy is the surgical removal of the __________ of a finger or toe. nail (frame 40) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 41 and 42, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 43.

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PERTAINING TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM MD0010 2-19 . STEMS .Section V.

ri-ni'tis nose 44. and the nose. Rhino and naso are stems which mean nose. A laryngoscopy is an examination of the interior of the __________. larynx. bronchi. A person with tracheitis has an inflammation of the __________ __________ or __________. lar"ing-gos'ko-pe larynx 45. ****************************************** Tracheo is a stem which means upper windpipe or trachea. tra"ke-i'tis upper windpipe/trachea ****************************************** MD0010 2-20 . tonsils.The respiratory system includes the lungs. pharynx. ****************************************** Laryngo is a stem meaning larynx or voice box. A person who has rhinitis has inflammation of the __________. pleura. 43.

Broncho is a stem which means lower windpipe or bronchus. nu-mo'ne-ah lungs 49. brong-ki'tis lower windpipe/bronchus 47. Pulmonary.46. means concerning or involving the __________. nu"mo-ne'me-ah air ****************************************** MD0010 2-21 . Pneumonemia is the presence of ________ or gas in the blood vessel. A person with bronchitis has inflammation of the __________ __________ or __________. ****************************************** Pneumo is a stem which also means air. ****************************************** A person with pneumonia has an inflammation of the __________. for example. ****************************************** Pulmo and pneumo are stems which mean lung. pul'mo-ner"e lungs 48.

Pneodynamics is the mechanism of __________. Rhino: __________ nose (frame 43) ****************************************** b. Tracheo: _________ _________ or __________ upper windpipe/trachea (frame 45) ****************************************** e.50. Laryngo: __________ larynx (frame 44) ****************************************** d. Broncho: _________ _________ or __________ lower windpipe/bronchus (frame 46) ****************************************** f. Give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the respiratory system. a. Naso: __________ nose (frame 43) ****************************************** c. ne'o-di nam'ik breathing 51. Pneo is a stem which means breath or breathing. Pulmo: __________ lung (frame 47) ****************************************** MD0010 2-22 . ****************************************** Let's review the stems you just studied.

lungs (frame 47) ****************************************** f. A person with pneumonia has an inflammation of the __________. nose (frame 43) ****************************************** b. Tracheitis is the inflammation of the _______ _______ or _________. A child who has bronchitis has an inflammation of the _______ _______ or __________. lungs (frame 48) ****************************************** MD0010 2-23 . lower windpipe/bronchus (frame 46) ****************************************** e. larynx (frame 44) ****************************************** c. A laryngoscope is an instrument used for examination of the __________.g. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. Pneumo: _______ or _______ air/lungs (frame 47/49) ****************************************** h. Pneo: __________ breathing (frame 50) 52. A person who has rhinitis has an inflammation of the __________. The pulmonary artery leads to the __________. upper windpipe/trachea (frame 45) ****************************************** d.

air (frame 49) ****************************************** h.g. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 53. Pneumonemia is the presence of __________ or gas in the blood vessels. breathing (frame 50) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 51 and 52. MD0010 2-24 . Pneodynamics is the mechanism of __________.

PERTAINING TO THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MD0010 2-25 .Section VI: STEMS .

glos-si'tis tongue 55. ****************************************** Lingua and glossa are stems which mean tongue. ****************************************** The stem stoma means mouth. for example. ling'gwal tongue ****************************************** MD0010 2-26 . has inflammation of the __________. A person who has stomatitis. where solid waste material leaves the body.The digestive system or gastrointestinal tract begins with the mouth. where food enters the body and ends with the anus. ****************************************** Lingual means pertaining to the __________. Glossitis means inflammation of the __________. sto-mah-ti'tis mouth 54. 53.

A person with dentalgia has a pain in the __________.56. ****************************************** Cheilo is a stem which means lip. ****************************************** Gingivo is a stem which means gums. gas-trek-to-me stomach ****************************************** MD0010 2-27 . jin"ji-vi'tis gums 59. ****************************************** Gastro is a stem which means stomach. A cheiloplasty is the surgical repair of a defect of the __________. ki'lo-plas"te lip 58. A person with gingivitis has an inflammation of the __________. Dento and odonto are stems which mean tooth. den-tal'je-ah tooth 57. A gastrectomy is the surgical removal of the __________.

Entero is a stem which means intestine.60. A person with gastroenteritis has inflammation of the stomach and __________. for example. ****************************************** Duodeno is a stem which pertains to the duodenum or first part of the small intestine. A jejunectomy. ****************************************** Jejuno is a stem which pertains to the jejunum or second part of the small intestine. il'e-um il"e-i'tis ileum or third part of the small intestine ****************************************** MD0010 2-28 . Ileitis means inflammation of the __________ or ___________________. je-joo'num je"joo-nek'to-me jejunum or second part of the small intestine 63. A duodenal ulcer. is an ulcer which is located in the __________ or ____________________________. gas"tro-en-ter-i'tis intestine 61. du"o-de'nal duodenum or first part of the small intestine 62. for example. is an excision of a part of or all of the __________ or __________. ****************************************** Ileo is a stem which pertains to the ileum or third part of the small intestine.

give the meaning of the following stems pertaining to the digestive system. an incision is made into the _________. When a colostomy is performed. Gingivo: __________ gums (frame 58) ****************************************** MD0010 2-29 . Dento/odonto: __________ tooth (frame 56) ****************************************** d. Proctitis means inflammation of the ________ or _________. prok-ti'tis rectum or anus 66. ****************************************** As a review. Cheilo: _________ lip (frame 57) ****************************************** e. Stoma: __________ mouth (frame 53) ****************************************** b. ****************************************** Procto and ano are stems which mean rectum or anus. Lingua/glossa: __________ tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** c.64. a. Colo is a stem which means colon. ko'lon ko-los'to-me colon 65.

Glossitis is an inflammation of the __________. Jejuno: __________ jejunum/2d part of intestine (frame 62) ****************************************** j. Entero: __________ intestine (frame 60) ****************************************** h. ****************************************** Fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. A person with stomatitis has an inflammation of the __________. Procto/ano: __________ rectum/anus 67. tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** MD0010 2-30 . Ileo: __________ ileum/3d part of intestine (frame 63) ****************************************** k. mouth (frame 53) ****************************************** b. Gastro: __________ stomach (frame 59) ****************************************** g. Colo: __________ colon (frame 64) ****************************************** l. tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** c. Lingual means pertaining to the __________.f. Duodeno: __________ duodenum/first part of intestine (frame 61) ****************************************** i.

d. A person with dentalgia has a pain in the __________. A duodenal ulcer is located in the __________. jejunum/2d part of the small intestine (frame 62) ****************************************** k. stomach and intestine(frames 59 & 60) ****************************************** i. tooth (frame 56) ****************************************** e. A jejunectomy is an excision of part or all of the ______________. stomach (frame 59) ****************************************** h. A gastrectomy is the surgical removal of the __________. lip (frame 57) ****************************************** f. Ileitis is an inflammation of the _____________. gums (frame 58) ****************************************** g. Someone who has gingivitis has inflammation of the __________. A person with gastroenteritis has inflammation of the __________ and the __________. duodenum/1st part of the small intestine (frame 61) ****************************************** j. ileum/3d part of the small intestine (frame 63) ****************************************** MD0010 2-31 . A cheiloplasty is the surgical repair of a defect of the __________.

A colostomy is an incision into the __________. rectum/anus (frame 65) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 66 and 67. Proctitis is an inflammation of the __________ or __________. MD0010 2-32 . colon (frame 64) ****************************************** m. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 68.l.

PERTAINING TO THE ACCESSORY ORGANS OF DIGESTION ****************************************** The stem hepato means liver. ****************************************** The stem cholecysto means gallbladder. se"le-ek'to-me abdomen ****************************************** MD0010 2-33 . A person who has had a celiectomy has had a complete or partial removal of an organ of the __________. hep"ah-ti'tis liver 69. 68. A person who has had an operation called a cholecystectomy. STEMS .Section VII. for example. A person with hepatitis has an inflammation of the __________. has had his _____________ removed (or excised). ko"le-sis-tek'to-me gallbladder 70. ****************************************** The stems celio and abdomino mean abdomen.

71. gallbladder (frame 69) ****************************************** MD0010 2-34 . lap-ah-rot'o-me abdominal wall 72. Laparo: __________ abdominal wall (frame 71) 73. Hepato: __________ liver (frame 68) ****************************************** b. A person who has a laparotomy has had an incision made into the _________ __________. ****************************************** As a review. When a cholecystectomy is performed. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. the __________ is removed (or excised). Cholecysto: __________ gallbladder (frame 69) ****************************************** c. Celio/abdomino: __________ abdomen (frame 70) ****************************************** d. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. liver (frame 68) ****************************************** b. A person who has hepatitis has an inflammation of the __________. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. Laparo is a stem meaning abdominal wall.

A person who has a celiectomy has had a complete or partial removal of an organ of the __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 74. During a laparotomy. MD0010 2-35 . an incision is made into the ___________. abdominal wall (frame 71) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 72 and 73.c. abdomen (frame 70) ****************************************** d.

STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MD0010 2-36 .Section VIII.

The cardiovascular system includes the blood vessels and the __________. cardio. A phlebectomy is the surgical removal of a __________. an'je-o-gram" vessel 76. 74. means heart.The cardiovascular system includes the heart and blood vessels. kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar heart 75. ****************************************** Phlebo and veno are stems which mean vein. fle-bek'to-me vein ****************************************** MD0010 2-37 . An angiogram is a series of X-ray film of a blood __________. ****************************************** Angio and vaso are stems which mean vessel. ****************************************** The stem.

****************************************** As a review. throm"bo-fle-bi'tis clot/blood 79. angio/vaso: __________ vessel (frame 75) ****************************************** c. phlebo/veno: __________ vein (frame 76) ****************************************** d. Arterio is a stem which means artery.77. A person who has arteriosclerosis has hardening of the __________. a. ar-te"re-o-skle-ro'sis arteries 78. Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of a vein with a __________ of __________. ****************************************** Thrombo is a stem which means clot of blood. give the meaning of each of the following terms pertaining to the cardiovascular system. cardio: __________ heart (frame 74) ****************************************** b. thrombo: __________ clot of blood (frame 78) ****************************************** MD0010 2-38 . arterio: __________ artery (frame 77) ****************************************** e.

fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. A phlebectomy is the surgical removal of a __________. When a person has an angiospasm or a vasospasm. MD0010 2-39 . vessel (frame 75) ****************************************** c.80. he has a spasm of a __________. heart (frame 74) ****************************************** b. clot of blood (frame 78) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 79 and 80. A thrombectomy is the excision of a __________. The cardiovascular system includes the blood vessels and the __________. vein (frame 76) ****************************************** d. To further reinforce what you have learned. arteries (frame 77) ****************************************** e. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 81. A person who has arteriomalacia has a softening of the __________.

Section IX. STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE HEMATOPOIETIC AND LYMPATHIC SYSTEMS MD0010 2-40 .

81. ****************************************** Lympho is a stem which means lymph. ****************************************** Hema and hemato are stems which mean blood. lim'fo-sit lymph ****************************************** MD0010 2-41 . A lymphocyte is a _________ cell. It is a red blood __________. A hematoma is a tumor filled with __________.The hematopoietic system includes tissues concerned in the production of blood. The lymphatic system includes the lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues. e-rith'ro-sit cell 82. hem"ah-to'mah blood 83. An erythrocyte is one kind of blood cell. ****************************************** Cyto is a stem meaning cell.

fag'o-sit eats 86. ****************************************** Phago is a stem which means to eat. lympho: __________ lymph (frame 83) ****************************************** e.84. cyto: __________ cell (frame 81) ****************************************** b. Spleno is a stem which means spleen. A person who has had a splenectomy has had an excision of the __________. sple-nek'to-me spleen 85. Spleno: __________ spleen (frame 84) ****************************************** d. a. give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems. A phagocyte is a cell that _________ microorganisms. ****************************************** As a review. hema/hemato: __________ blood (frame 82) ****************************************** c. phago: __________ to eat (frame 85) ****************************************** MD0010 2-42 .

Polyphagia means excessive __________. cells (frame 81) ****************************************** b. hem'ah tol'o-je blood (frame 82) ****************************************** c. pol"e-fa'je-ah eating (frame 85) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 86 and 87.87. MD0010 2-43 . Hematology is the study of __________. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. spleen (frame 84) ****************************************** e. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 88. To further reinforce what you have learned. lymph (frame 83) ****************************************** d. Splenectomy means excising of the __________. A lymphocyte is a __________ cell. Cytology is the study of __________.

Section X.PERTAINING TO THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM MD0010 2-44 . STEMS .

ad"e-nek' to-me gland 91.The endocrine system is composed of glands which release hormones into the blood stream. gloo"ko-su're-ah sugar 90. Acromegaly is a disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the __________. ****************************************** As a review. acro: __________ extremity (frame 88) ****************************************** MD0010 2-45 . ****************************************** Gluco and glyco are stems which mean sugar. ak"ro meg' ah-le extremities 89. ****************************************** 88. A person with glucosuria has __________ in the urine. give the meaning of the following stems: a. Adenectomy is a word meaning surgical removal of a __________. Acro is a stem which means extremity. ****************************************** Adeno is a stem which means gland.

gluco/glyco: __________ sugar (frame 89) ****************************************** c. fill in the blank with the appropriate terms: a. A person who has had an adenectomy has had surgical removal of a __________. sugar (frame 89) ****************************************** c. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 93. adeno: __________ gland (frame 90) 92. Acrodermatitis is a word that means inflammation of the skin of the __________. gland (frame 90) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 91 and 92.b. ak"ro-der"mah-ti'tis extremities (frame 88) ****************************************** b. A person with glucosuria has __________in the urine. MD0010 2-46 .

Section XI.PERTAINING TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS MD0010 2-47 . STEMS .

for example. en"sef-ah-li'tis brain 95. ****************************************** Psycho and mento are stems which mean mind. Polyneuritis means inflammation of many __________. si-kol 'o-je mind ****************************************** MD0010 2-48 . Encephalitis. 93. means inflammation of the __________. Psycho logy is the science that studies the __________. ****************************************** Neuro is a stem which means nerve.The nervous system along with the endocrine system correlates our adjustments and reactions to internal and environmental conditions. ****************************************** Cerebro and encephalo are stems which mean brain. pol"e-nu-ri'tis nerves 94.

****************************************** Esthesia is a stem which means feeling or sensation. hi"dro-fo'be-ah fear 98. Mania is a stem which means madness. A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water. neuro: __________ nerve (frame 93) ****************************************** b. ****************************************** As a review.96. means fire __________. an"es-the'ze-ah feeling/sensation 99. Pyromania. pi"ro-ma'ne-ah madness 97. Anesthesia means without __________ or __________. ****************************************** Phobia is a stem which means fear. cerebro/enchephalo: __________ brain (frame 94) ****************************************** MD0010 2-49 . give the meaning of the following terms: a. for example.

madness (frame 96) ****************************************** e. A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water. fear (frame 97) ****************************************** MD0010 2-50 . nerves (frame 93) ****************************************** b. phobia: __________ fear (frame 97) ****************************************** f.c. mind (frame 95) ****************************************** d. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. Polyneuritis is an inflammation of many __________. brain (frame 94) ****************************************** c. Psychology is the science that studies the __________. mania: __________ madness (frame 96) ****************************************** e. psycho/mento: __________ mind (frame 95) ****************************************** d. Pyromania means fire __________. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the __________. esthesia: __________ feeling/sensation (frame 98) ****************************************** 100 To further reinforce what you have learned.

MD0010 2-51 . feeling/sensation (frame 98) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 99 and 100.f. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 101. Anesthesia means without __________.

Section XII.PERTAINING TO THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM MD0010 2-52 . STEMS .

A person who has cystitis has an inflammation of the __________.The genitourinary system includes the genitals and the urinary organs. u"re-thri'tis urethra ****************************************** MD0010 2-53 . A person who has had a nephrectomy has had a __________ removed. sis-ti-tis bladder ****************************************** 104 Urethro is a stem meaning urethra. ****************************************** 101 Nephro and rena are stems which mean kidney. ne-frek'to-m kidney ****************************************** 102 Uretero is a stem which means ureter. Urethritis is an inflammation of the . u"re-ter-i'tis ureter ****************************************** 103 Cysto is a stem which means bladder. A person who has ureteritis has an inflammation of the __________.

105 Orchio is a stem which means testes. Orchiopexy means fixation of the ___________.

or"ke-o-pek'se

testes ****************************************** 106 Uro and uria are stems which mean urine. Urophobia is a term which means fear of passing __________.

u"ro-fo'be-ah

urine ****************************************** 107 Lith is a stem which means stone. Nephrolithiasis is the formation of renal __________.

nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis stones ****************************************** 108 In review, give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. nephro/reno: __________ kidney (frame 101) ****************************************** b. uretero: __________ ureter (frame 102) ******************************************

MD0010

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c. cysto: __________ bladder (frame 103) ****************************************** d. urethro: __________ urethra (frame 104) ****************************************** e. orchio: ___________ testes (frame 105) ****************************************** f. uro/uria: __________ urine (frame 106) ****************************************** g. lith: __________ stone (frame 107) ****************************************** 109 To further reinforce what you have learned, fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. A person who has had a nephrectomy has had a __________ removed. kidney (frame 101) ****************************************** b. A person who has ureteritis has an inflammation of the __________. ureter (frame 102) ****************************************** c. Someone who has cystitis has an inflammation of the __________. bladder (frame 103) ****************************************** d. Urethritis is an inflammation of the __________. urethra (frame 104) ******************************************

MD0010

2-55

e. Orchiopexy is the fixation of the __________. testes (frame 105) ****************************************** f. Nephrolithiasis is the formation of renal __________. stones (frame 107) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 108 and 109, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 110.

MD0010

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Section XIII. STEMS - PERTAINING TO GYNECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

MD0010

2-57

Gynecology and obstetrics relates to the female reproductive system and birth. has had her __________ removed. for example. A woman who has salpingitis has an inflammation of a __________. ****************************************** 110 Hystero and metro are stems which mean uterus or womb. A woman who has had an oophorectomy has had her __________ removed. hystero/metro: __________ uterus/womb (frame 110) ****************************************** MD0010 2-58 . give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. A woman who has had a hysterectomy. sal"pin-ji'tis tube ****************************************** 113 As a review. his"te-rek'to-me uterus ****************************************** 111 Oophoro is a stem which means ovary. o"of-o-rek'to-me ovary ****************************************** 112 Salpingo is a stem which means tube.

oophoro: __________ ovary (frame 111) ****************************************** c. A woman who has had a hysterectomy has had her __________ removed. uterus (frame 110) ****************************************** b. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 115.b. MD0010 2-59 . tube (frame 112) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 113 and 114. When a woman has an oophorectomy. ovary (frame 111) ****************************************** c. salpingo: __________ tube (frame 112) ****************************************** 114 To further reinforce what you have learned. she has an __________ removed. A woman who has salpingitis has an inflammation of the __________. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a.

Section XIV.PERTAINING TO THE SENSORY ORGANS MD0010 2-60 . STEMS .

include the eye and the ear. of"thal-mol'o-je eye ****************************************** MD0010 2-61 . Ophthalmology is the science dealing with the _________ and its diseases. ****************************************** 115 Oto is a stem which means ear.The sensory organs. as you know. for example. tim"pah-no-plas'te eardrum ****************************************** 117 Ophthalmo and oculo are stems which mean eye. means plastic repair of the __________. Otoplasty. A tympanoplasty means plastic repair of the __________. o'to-plas"te ear ****************************************** 116 Tympano and myringo are stems which refer to the eardrum.

A person with dacryocystitis has inflammation of the __________ sac. blef"ah-ri'tis eyelid ****************************************** 120 Kerato is a stem which means cornea. Blepharitis means inflammation of the __________. dak"re-o-sis-ti'tis tear ****************************************** MD0010 2-62 . ker"ah-ti'tis cornea ****************************************** 121 Dacryo is a stem which means tear. Keratitis means inflammation of the __________. op-tom'e-trist vision ****************************************** 119 Blepharo is a stem which means eyelid.118 Opto is a stem which means vision. An opto metrist is a person who is trained to examine eyes in order to determine the presence of __________ problems.

blepharo: __________ eyelid (frame 119) ****************************************** f. ear (frame 115) ****************************************** b. eardrum (frame 116) ****************************************** MD0010 2-63 .122 As a review. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. oto: __________ ear (frame 115) ****************************************** b. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. A tympanoplasty is the plastic repair of the __________. dacryo: __________ tear (frame 121) ****************************************** 123 To further reinforce what you have learned. kerato: __________ cornea (frame 120) ****************************************** g. ophthalmo/oculo: __________ eye (frame 117) ****************************************** d. tympano/myringo: __________ eardrum (frame 116) ****************************************** c. Otoplasty is the plastic repair of the __________. opto: __________ vision (frame 118) ****************************************** e.

c. eyelid (frame 119) ****************************************** f. Ophthalmology is the science dealing with the __________ and its diseases. cornea (frame 120) ****************************************** g. vision (frame 118) ****************************************** e. MD0010 2-64 . Keratitis is an inflammation of the __________. An optometrist is a person who is trained to examine eyes in order to determine the presence of __________ problems. A person with dacryocysitis has an inflammation of the __________ sac. Blepharitis is an inflammation of the __________. eye (frame 117) ****************************************** d. tear (frame 121) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 122 and 123. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 124.

Section XV: STEMS .MISCELLANEOUS STEMS MD0010 2-65 .

The word pyogenic means producing __________. pi"o-jen'ik pus ****************************************** 125 Lipo is a stem which means fat. A person who is afebrile is without __________. mi-ko'sis fungus ****************************************** MD0010 2-66 . A lipoma is a tumor composed of __________. Mycosis is any disease caused by a __________.124 ****************************************** Pyo is a stem meaning pus. li-po mah fat ****************************************** 126 Febri is a stem which means fever. a-feb'ril fever ****************************************** 127 Myco is a stem which means fungus.

myco: __________ fungus (frame 127) ****************************************** e. hi"per-em'e-sis vomiting ****************************************** 130 As a review. pyo: __________ pus (frame 124) ****************************************** b. nek'rop-se dead ****************************************** 129 Emesis is a stem which means vomit. A necropsy is an autopsy or scientific inspection of a __________ body. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. lipo: __________ fat (frame 125) ****************************************** c. necro: __________ dead (frame 128) ****************************************** MD0010 2-67 . febri: __________ fever (frame 126) ****************************************** d.128 Necro is a stem which means dead. Hyperemesis is a word which means excessive __________.

emesis: __________ vomiting (frame 129) ****************************************** 131 To further reinforce what you have learned. A person who is afebrile is without __________. pus (frame 124) ****************************************** b. A necropsy is an autopsy or scientific inspection of a __________ body. fungus (frame 127) ****************************************** e. Mycosis is any disease caused by a __________. A lipoma is a tumor composed of __________. The term pyogenic means producing __________. fat (frame 125) ****************************************** c.f. Hyperemesis is excessive __________. fill in the blanks with the appropriate words: a. dead (frame 128) ****************************************** f. vomiting (frame 129) ****************************************** MD0010 2-68 . fever (frame 126) ****************************************** d.

MD0010 2-69 . Solutions are on page 2-78. you can complete the stem crossword puzzle on the following page before completing the self-assessment questions starting on page 2-71.If you missed any of the questions in frames 130 and 131. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY CROSSWORD PUZZLE Fill in the combining forms for the stems listed below the puzzle. Congratulations! As a fun review and exercise. Continue with Self-Assessment Section XVI. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing. You have now completed the first part of this programmed text on medical terminology.

MD0010 2-70 .

SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 To evaluate how well you have learned the stems covered in lesson 2.Section XVII. complete the self-assessment #1 questions. This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 2 before going to lesson 3. The answers to the questions are given on pages 2-75 and 2-76. MD0010 2-71 .

M." EXAMPLE: GLAND ADENO COLUMN A COLUMN B 1. I. IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THE STEMS. 10. OSTEO ARTHRO CARDIO URO/URIA LIPO HEMO/HEMATO THROMBO CYTO COSTO LINGUA/GLOSSA CHOLECYSTO NEPHRO/RENA NEURO GASTRO ACRO A. URINE BLOOD CELL RIB TONGUE GALLBLADDER BONE KIDNEY NERVE STOMACH HEART EXTREMITY FAT CLOT JOINT MD0010 2-72 . K. B. F. MATCH THE TWO. 6. 5. 11. E. 12.SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 Stems LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 15 OF THE 100 LATIN AND GREEK STEMS GIVEN TO YOU. 4. D. AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" IN COLUMN "A. 3. 13. 9. G. 7. J. 14. 8. 2. O. 15. L. H. C. N.

THE STEM "MYCO" IN THE WORD MYCOSIS MEANS: A. D. FEVER FUNGUS C. D. B. KIDNEY NAIL 19. THE STEM "FEBRI" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. 16. CARTILAGE JOINT THE STEM "MYO" IN THE WORD MYOPLASM MEANS: A. VOMITING EXIT 22. D. D. THE STEM "CHONDRO" IN THE WORD CHONDRITIS MEANS: A. CARTILAGE MUSCLE C. SCANT EXCESSIVE C. FAT FEELING MD0010 2-73 . BLOOD LIVER C. BONE VEIN 18. THE STEM "ADENO" IN THE WORD ADENECTOMY MEANS: A. CLOT FUNGUS 21. 17. B. B. THE STEM "HEPATO" IN THE WORD HEPATITIS MEANS: A. BLADDER GALLBLADDER C. D. THE STEM "EMESIS" IN THE WORD HYPEREMESIS MEANS: A. TENDON RIB C. D. B. B. B. D. SKIN CELL C.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #1 STEMS FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW. ABDOMINAL WALL GLAND 20. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. B.

THE STEM "LAPARO" IN THE WORD LAPARATOMY MEANS: A. THE STEM "ENCEPHALO" IN THE WORD ENCEPHALITIS MEANS: A. B. SPINE TOOTH 24. D. URINARY BLADDER STOMACH Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 2-74 . B. D.23. JOINT CARTILAGE 25. BRAIN HEAD C. THE STEM "ARTERIO" IN THE WORD ARTERIOSCLEROSIS MEANS: A. D. B. ABDOMINAL WALL CELL WALL C. VEIN ARTERY C.

A (URINE) URO/URIA 5. C (CELL) CYTO 9. M (FAT) LIPO 6. K (HEART) CARDIO 4. I (NERVE) NEURO 14. B (BLOOD) HEMO/HEMATO 7. O (JOINT) ARTHRO 3. F (GALLBLADDER) CHOLECYSTO 12. D (RIB) COSTO 10. N (CLOT) THROMBO 8.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 Stems 1. H (KIDNEY) NEPHRO/RENA 13. G (BONE) OSTEO 2. L (EXTREMITY) ACRO MD0010 2-75 . J (STOMACH) GASTRO 15. E (TONGUE) LINGUA/GLOSSA 11.

GLAND 20. THE STEM "ENCEPHALO" IN THE WORD ENCEPHALITIS MEANS: A. VOMITING 22. MUSCLE 18. ABDOMINAL WALL MD0010 2-76 . THE STEM "ARTERIO" IN THE WORD ARTERIOSCLEROSIS MEANS: B. FUNGUS 21. THE STEM "MYCO" IN THE WORD MYCOSIS MEANS: D. THE STEM "EMESIS" IN THE WORD HYPEREMESIS MEANS: C.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENTQUIZ #1 Stems 16. THE STEM "MYO" IN THE WORD MYOPLASM MEANS: B. THE STEM "CHONDRO" IN THE WORD CHONDRITIS MEANS: C. THE STEM "HEPATO" IN THE WORD HEPATITIS MEANS: B. CARTILAGE 17. THE STEM "ADENO" IN THE WORD ADENECTOMY MEANS: D. LIVER 19. FEVER 23. THE STEM "FEBRI" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. BRAIN 24. ARTERY 25. THE STEM "LAPARO" IN THE WORD LAPARATOMY MEANS: A.

49. 31. 64. 30. 62. 8. 58. 67. 65. 53. 48. 2. 6. 57. 14. and ovaries herniation feeling/sensation fear disorder bone brain (cerebrum) nerve sugar swelling extremities eating spleen lymph brain fat pus tears cells clot arteries veins vessel vessel 36. 66. 52. 37. 63. 40. 28. 34. 5. 20. tubes. 26. 9. 42. 59. 12. 43. 55. 70. 15. 3. 23. 24. 45. 13. 32. 61. 51. 21. eye ear birth/fever tube ovary stone urine testicle bladder urethra gall uterus. 38.ileum mental intestine stomach gums tears lips duodenum mouth breathing air abdominal wall tongue bronchial nose nose larynx nails ribs abdomen tendon muscle spinal cord cartilage joint tympanic membrane cornea pharynx eyelid blood dead fungus Go to Lesson 3 Continue with Lesson 2 MD0010 2-77 . 11. 46. 44. 17. 29. 19. 41. 47. 54. 35. liver rectum/anus colon jejunum . 33. 56. 18. 16. 22. 39. 69. 27. 60. 10.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #1 1. 4. 25. 68. 7. 50.

SOLUTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY CROSSWORD PUZZLE MD0010 2-78 .

MD0010 3-1 . Given 10 multiple choice questions on medical prefixes. you should be able to: 3-1.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 3 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Prefixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. write the English meaning in the space provided without error. 3-2. After completing this lesson. Lesson 3. select the most appropriate answer without error. Given 10 of the 50 Latin and Greek medical related prefixes and a list of English meanings for these prefixes. frame numbers 132-198.

8. embryonic cell. cell(s). nose. 14. 5. If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions. speech. Cyanopia is a defect in vision that causes objects to appear . 16. complete pretest #2. Malnutrition means Noctiphobia is an abnormal fear of Dysmenorrhea means Hydrotherapy is treatment with Macrorhinia means A baby born with a microcephalus had a very A melanoma is a tumor. A score of 90% on this pretest is 27 correct answers. of the face. 1. infection. Hemifacial means pertaining to one MD0010 3-2 . nutrition. 13. Erythroderma means A leukoblast is a Oligopnea means Bradypepsia means Tachyphasia means A monocyte has Asepsia means Hyperalgesia is skin. PRETEST #2 Before you turn to frame 132 and begin work on your study of prefixes in medical terminology.LESSON 3 Section I. . The pretest contains 31 questions relating to medical terminology prefixes. 12. digestion. Write your answers in the space provided in each question. 9. head. 4. 7. 10. menstrual flow. 6. 17. 15. . 2. breathing. sensitivity to pain. you pass the pretest. 11. 3.

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31.

Polyarthritis means inflammation of Ectogenous is something produced Pericolic is a word for

joints. an organism. the colon. the tongue.

A medication administered hypoglossal is placed Subaural means Postcibal means Ectocytic means An antiseptic is a drug that works Endocranial means Retrosternal means Ante mortem is Preoperative is An interdental cavity is Bilateral means pertaining to the ear. meals. the cell. infection. the cranium. the sternum. death. surgery. the teeth. side(s).

Check your answers on page 3-39

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Section II. PREFIXES - GENERAL INFORMATION Prefixes are one or more letters or syllables which come before the stem (at the beginning of a word) to explain or add meaning to the rest of the term. ****************************************** 132 A prefix comes __________ the stem. before ****************************************** 133 In the term unforgettable, "forget" is the stem and "un" is the __________. prefix ****************************************** 134 In the words implant, supplant, and transplant, the prefixes are ______, ______, and ______. imp/sup/trans ****************************************** 135 You can change the meaning of a term by putting a prefix before the __________. stem ****************************************** 136 Prefixes are the most frequently used elements in the formation of Greek and Latin words, but not every word contains a __________. prefix ****************************************** 137 Prefixes may be divided into various categories of meaning depending on how they modify the stem, such as location, time, amount, color, negation, size, or position. Prefixes may be divided into various categories of __________. meaning ******************************************

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138 To reinforce what you have learned, please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. a. A prefix comes __________ the stem. before (frame 132) ****************************************** b. In the term unforgettable, "forget" is the stem and "un" is the __________. prefix (frame 133) ****************************************** c. In the words implant, supplant, and transplant, the prefixes are _____, _____, and _____. imp/sup/trans (frame 134) ****************************************** d. You can change the meaning of a term by putting a prefix before the __________. stem (frame 135) ****************************************** e. Not every Greek or Latin word contains a __________. prefix (frame 136) ****************************************** f. Prefixes may be divided into various categories of __________. meaning (frame 137) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frame 138, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 139.

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Section III. PREFIXES - PERTAINING TO LOCATION We will now study the prefixes that indicate location. ****************************************** 139 The prefix intra- means inside or within. The dash after intra- indicates that the stem comes __________ (before, after) the prefix. after ****************************************** 140 By combining the prefix intra- with the stem abdominal, you know it means __________ the abdomen.

in"trah-ab-dom'i-nal

inside/within ******************************************

MD0010

3-6

and ecto.is a prefix which means around or surrounding. is a word which means inflammation __________ the heart.are prefixes which mean out and outside. ek-top'ik outside ****************************************** MD0010 3-7 . for example. Cardio is the stem for heart. is a word which means inflammation __________ the uterus. Pericarditis.is also a prefix meaning within or inside. An ectopic pregnancy. en"do-me-tri'tis inside/within ****************************************** 142 Peri.141 Endo. then. per"i-kar-di'tis around/surrounding ****************************************** 143 Ec. Metro is the stem meaning uterus. then. Endometritis. is a pregnancy which occurs __________ the uterine cavity.

sub"ku-ta'ne-us hi"po-der'mik under.are also prefixes which mean within or inside. em"pi-e'mah inside/within ****************************************** 145 Retro.and hypo. Retrocardial means located __________ the heart and postnasal means situated __________ the nose. Empyema.are prefixes which mean behind.mean under. means __________ the skin.and en.and post. and a hypodermic needle is one that is inserted __________ the skin. for example. behind ****************************************** 146 The prefixes sub. means pus __________ a body cavity. ret"ro-kar'de-al post-na'zal behind. Subcutaneous.144 Em. under ****************************************** MD0010 3-8 . for example.

sub-/hypo-: __________ under (frame 146) ****************************************** g. Therefore. means ribs. inter-: __________ between (frame 147) ****************************************** MD0010 3-9 . intra-/endo-: __________ inside/within (frames 140 & 141) ****************************************** b. retro-/post-: __________ behind (frame 145) ****************************************** f.147 Inter. peri-: __________ around/surrounding (frame 142) ****************************************** c. ec-/ecto-: __________ out/outside (frame 143) ****************************************** d. The stem. costal. given the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate location: a. em-/en-: __________ within/inside (frame 144) ****************************************** e. in"ter-kos'tal between ****************************************** 148 In review. intercostal muscles are muscles which are __________ the ribs.is a prefix meaning between.

Endometritis means inflammation __________ the uterus. Retrocardial means located __________ the heart. after (frame 139) ****************************************** b. Intra-abdominal means __________ the abdomen. behind (frame 145) ****************************************** MD0010 3-10 . inside/within (frame 144) ****************************************** g.indicates that the stem comes __________ (before. write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. Ectopic pregnancy is one which occurs __________ the uterine cavity. inside/within (frame 140) ****************************************** c. after) the prefix. around (frame 142) ****************************************** e. outside (frame 143) ****************************************** f.149 To further reinforce what you have learned. Pericarditis means inflammation __________ the heart. The dash after intra. Empyema is a condition where there is an accumulation of pus __________ a body cavity. inside/within (frame 141) ****************************************** d.

****************************************** 150 The prefixes ante. A hypodermic needle is one that is inserted __________ the skin. under (frame 146) ****************************************** j. Section IV. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 150. By combining the prefix antewith the stem partum. you know that antepartum means __________ childbirth. PREFIXES .and pre. Subcutaneous indicates __________ the skin. an'te-par'tum before ****************************************** MD0010 3-11 .PERTAINING TO TIME We will now study the prefixes that indicate time.h. Postnasal means situated __________ the nose. Intercostal muscles are muscles which are __________ the ribs. between (frame 147) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 148 and 149. behind (frame 145) ****************************************** i.mean before. under (frame 146) ****************************************** k.

after) surgery. pre-: __________ before (frame 151) ****************************************** c. ante-: __________ before (frame 150) ****************************************** b.151 A preoperative medication is a medication which is given __________ (before. after) surgery.also means after. a postoperative complication is a complication which occurred (before. during. Antepartum means __________ childbirth. post-op'er-a-tiv after ****************************************** 153 In review. post-: __________ after (frame 152) ****************************************** 154 To further reinforce what you have learned. pre-op'er-a-tiv before ****************************************** 152 The prefix post. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. during. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate time: a. Consequently. before (frame 150) ****************************************** MD0010 3-12 .

Therefore. before (frame 151) ****************************************** c. a-feb'ril without/absence of ****************************************** 156 The stem esthesia means feeling. an"es-the'ze-ah without ****************************************** MD0010 3-13 . A preoperative medication is one which is given __________ surgery. Section V: PREFIXES . ****************************************** 155 The prefixes a.PERTAINING TO NEGATION We will now study prefixes that indicate negation.or.b. after (frame 152) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 153 and 154.an mean without or absence of. anesthesia means __________ feeling. afebrile means __________ fever. Therefore. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 155. A postoperative complication is one occurring __________ surgery.

give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate negation: a. an"ti-tok'sin against ****************************************** 158 In review. Anesthesia means __________ feeling. without/absence of (frame 156) ****************************************** c. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. without/absence of (frame 155) ****************************************** b. Antitoxin means __________ toxin or poison. anti-: __________ against (frame 157) ****************************************** 159 To further reinforce what you have learned. an-: __________ without (frame 156) ****************************************** c. a-: __________ without/absence of (frame 155) ****************************************** b.157 The prefix anti. Afebrile means __________ fever. against (frame 157) ****************************************** MD0010 3-14 . The term antitoxin means __________ toxin or poison.means against.

Bi-lateral. mon'o-sit single ****************************************** 161 Bi. A unicycle has one wheel.are prefixes which mean one or single.is a prefix indicating the number two. refers to a __________ cell. Therefore. PREFIXES . the valve in the heart which has __________ parts is called the tricuspid valve. tri-kus'pid three ****************************************** MD0010 3-15 . ****************************************** 160 Uni and mono.PERTAINING TO AMOUNT OR COMPARISON We will now study prefixes thatindicate amount or comparison. bi-lat'er-al two ****************************************** 162 The prefix for three is tri. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 160. Monocyte. A tricycle has three wheels. A bicycle has two wheels. refers to __________ sides.If you missed any of the questions in frames 158 and 159. Section VI. then. for example.

and semi. hem"e-ple'je-ah half ****************************************** 166 A person who is semiconscious is __________ conscious.mean many or much.means four. A person with hemiplegia has paralysis on one-______ of the body. A person with polyneuritis has inflammation of __________ nerves. pol"e-nu-ri'tis many ****************************************** 165 The prefixes hemi. sem"e-kno'shus half ****************************************** MD0010 3-16 . A person with quadriplegia has paralysis in all __________ limbs.and poly.163 The prefix quadri.mean half. kwod"ri-ple'je-ah four ****************************************** 164 The prefixes multi.

is a prefix that is just the opposite of hypo-. a person with hypotension has __________ blood pressure. hi"per-em'e-sis hyper ****************************************** MD0010 3-17 . then. has blood pressure above the normal or __________ blood pressure. or low. Therefore. Hyper means above or high. A person with hypertension.167 The prefix hypo. hi"po-ten'shun low ****************************************** 168 Hyper. hi"per-ten'shun high ****************************************** 169 Emesis. is a word that means vomiting. A word that means excessive vomiting is __________ emesis. as you know from lesson 2.also means too little.

Mono-: __________ one/single (frame 160) ****************************************** MD0010 3-18 . oliguria means __________ or __________ urine. Therefore. A person with bradycardia has an abnormally __________ heartbeat. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate amount or comparison: a. A person with tachycardia has an abnormally __________ heartbeat.170 The prefix for fast is tachy-. tak'e-kar'de-ah fast ****************************************** 171 The prefix for slow is brady-. ol"i-gu're-ah little/scanty ****************************************** 173 In review. brad"e-kar'de-ah slow ****************************************** 172 The prefix for little or scanty is oligo-. The stem meaning urine is -uria.

Brady-: __________ slow (frame 171) ****************************************** k. Multi-/Poly-: __________ many/much (frame 164) ****************************************** f. Tri-: __________ three (frame 162) ****************************************** d. Hyper-: __________ high (frame 168) ****************************************** i. Oligo-: __________ little/scanty (frame 172) ****************************************** MD0010 3-19 . Bi-: __________ two/double (frame 161) ****************************************** c. Hemi-/Semi-: __________ half (frame 165) ****************************************** g. Quadri: __________ four (frame 163) ****************************************** e. Hypo-: __________ low (frame 167) ****************************************** h. Tachy-: __________ fast (frame 170) ****************************************** j.b.

When a person has hemiplegia. he has paralysis on one-__________ of the body. single (frame 160) ****************************************** b. many (frame 164) ****************************************** f. A person who is semiconscious is __________ conscious. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. half (frame 165) ****************************************** h. four (frame 163) ****************************************** e. The tricuspid valve in the heart has __________ parts. The medical term polyneuritis indicates inflammation of __________ nerves. a. Bilateral refers to __________ sides. A person with quadriplegia has paralysis of __________ limbs. low (frame 167) ****************************************** MD0010 3-20 . two (frame 161) ****************************************** c. half (frame 165) ****************************************** g. A person with hypotension has __________ blood pressure. Monocyte refers to a _________ cell. three (frame 162) ****************************************** d.174 To further reinforce what you have learned.

fast (frame 170) ****************************************** k. Tachycardia indicates an abnormally __________ heartbeat. Oliguria means __________ urine. high (frame 168) ****************************************** j. Bradycardia refers to an abnormally __________ heartbeat. little/scanty (frame 172) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 173 and 174. MD0010 3-21 . slow (frame 171) ****************************************** l. A person with hypertension has __________ blood pressure. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 175.i.

lu'ko-sit white ****************************************** 176 Erythro.means white. refers to a __________ blood cell.is a prefix meaning red. A leukocyte. PREFIXES . Cyanosis refers to a __________ condition of the skin. therefore. An erythrocyte. refers to a __________ blood cell.PERTAINING TO COLOR We will now study the prefixes that indicate color. then.is a prefix meaning blue. si"ah-no'sis blue/bluish ****************************************** MD0010 3-22 . e-rith'ro-sit red ****************************************** 177 Cyano.Section VII. ****************************************** 175 The prefix leuko.

a. Shimmering. Melano-: __________ dark/black (frame 178) ****************************************** MD0010 3-23 . Leuko-: __________ white (frame 175) ****************************************** b. Cheeks where only peaches will grow. mel"ah-no'mah dark/black ****************************************** An Invitation to Your Love Oh! Beauty rare with eyes cyano. Pearly teeth. Cyano-: __________ blue (frame 177) ****************************************** d.178 Melano. shining hair melano. A melanoma is a malignant or __________ tumor. and lips erythro. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicates color. Come with me into my nook-o? 179 In review.is a prefix meaning dark or black. Warm and lovely skin so leuko. Erythro-: __________ red (frame 176) ****************************************** c.

An erythrocyte is a __________ blood cell. A leukocyte is a __________ blood cell. Cyanosis is a __________ condition of the skin. he has a malignant __________ mole or tumor. blue (frame 177) ****************************************** d.180 To further reinforce what you have learned. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. red (frame 176) ****************************************** c. dark/black (frame 178) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 179 and 180. MD0010 3-24 . please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 181. When someone has a melanoma. a. white (frame 175) ****************************************** b.

mak'ro-sit large ****************************************** MD0010 3-25 . A cyte is a stem meaning cell. mi'kro-sit small ****************************************** 182 A word indicating smallness of heart is __________cardia. mi"kro-kar'de-ah microcardia ****************************************** 183 Macro.is a prefix which means the opposite of micro. Macro. A microcyte. ****************************************** 181 Micro. is a very __________ cell.is a prefix meaning small.is used in words to mean __________. PREFIXES . therefore.PERTAINING TO SIZE AND POSITION We will now study the prefixes thatindicate size.Section VIII.

Latero.184 Things that are macroscopic can be seen with the naked eye. A megacolon is an abnormally __________ colon. ****************************************** 186 Antero. meg"ah-ko'lon large ****************************************** We will now study the prefixes that indicate position. an"ter-o-lat'er-al front/side ****************************************** MD0010 3-26 . anterolateral means situated in __________ and to one _________. Very large cells are called __________cytes.is also a prefix which means large.is a prefix meaning anterior part or in front of. Therefore. mak"ro-scop'ik macrocytes ****************************************** 185 Mega.is a prefix meaning side.

Dextrocardia.is a prefix which means to the right. therefore. The medial part of the body pertains to the __________.187 Dextro. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate size and position. me'de-al middle ****************************************** 190 In review.is a prefix meaning middle. Micro: __________ small (frame 181) ****************************************** MD0010 3-27 . le"vo-ver'zhun left ****************************************** 189 Medio. deks"tro-kar'de-ah right ****************************************** 188 Levo. Levoversion is a term which means the act of turning to the __________. a.is a prefix meaning to the left. refers to having the heart on the __________ side of the body.

Antero-: __________ to the front (frame 186) ****************************************** e. Mega-: __________ large (frame 185) ****************************************** d. Medio-: __________ middle (frame 189) ****************************************** 191 To further reinforce what you have learned. Levo-: __________ to the left (frame 188) ****************************************** h. Macrocytes are very __________ cells. Dextro-: __________ to the right (frame 187) ****************************************** g. small (frame 181) ****************************************** b.b. Latero-: __________ to the side (frame 186) ****************************************** f. A microcyte is a very __________ cell. a. please write the correct word in each blank in the following sentences. large (frame 183) ****************************************** MD0010 3-28 . Macro-: __________ large (frame 183) ****************************************** c.

Levoversion means the act of turning to the __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 192. The medial part of the body is called the __________ part. right (frame 187) ****************************************** f. large (frame 185) ****************************************** d. A person with a megacolon has an abnormally __________ colon. it is referred to as dextrocardia. If the heart is on the __________ side of the body.c. left (frame 188) ****************************************** g. front/side (frame 186) ****************************************** e. Anterolateral means in __________ and to one __________. MD0010 3-29 . middle (frame 189) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 190 and 191.

means urination during the __________.Section IX.is a prefix meaning difficult or painful. nok-tu're-ah night ****************************************** MD0010 3-30 .are prefixes meaning night. therefore.PERTAINING TO MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS We will now conclude our study of the prefixes with some miscellaneous ones. then. means fear of __________.is a prefix meaning water. ****************************************** 192 Hydro. A patient with dyspnea would be experiencing __________ or __________ breathing.and noct. hi"dro-fo'be-ah water ****************************************** 193 Dys. PREFIXES . Nocturia. Hydrophobia. disp'ne-ah difficult/painful ****************************************** 194 Nox.

mal-o'der-es bad ****************************************** 196 Pan. pan"his-ter-ek'to-me total ****************************************** 197 In review. Malodorous means having a __________ odor.195 Mal. Nox/Noct-: __________ night (frame 194) ****************************************** d.is a prefix meaning bad. therefore. Mal-: __________ bad (frame 195) ****************************************** e. A panhysterectomy. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes. Hydro-: __________ water (frame 192) ****************************************** b. is a __________ hysterectomy.is a prefix meaning total or all. Pan-: __________ all or total (frame 196) ****************************************** MD0010 3-31 . a. Dys-: __________ difficult/painful (frame 193) ****************************************** c.

Continue with Self-Assessment MD0010 3-32 . difficult/painful (frame 193) ****************************************** c. a. night (frame 194) ****************************************** d. If something is malodorous. fear (frame 192) ****************************************** b. Nocturia means urination at __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing. total (frame 196) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 197 and 198. A panhysterectomy is a __________ hysterectomy. please write the correct word in each blank in the following sentences. it has a __________ odor. bad (frame 195) ****************************************** e. A patient with dyspnea would be experiencing __________ or __________ breathing.198 To further reinforce what you have learned. A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water.

When you have completed lesson 3 to your satisfaction. complete the self-assessment #2 questions. To evaluate how well you have learned the prefixes covered in lesson 3. MD0010 3-33 . go to lesson 4. SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 You have now completed lesson 3.Section X. This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 3 before going to lesson 4.

7. 4. D. F. E. 10. 6. MATCH THE TWO. I. 5. G. NOCT POLY CYANO INTER PERI DYS TACHY MONO HYPER A. B." EXAMPLE: BI = TWO COLUMN A 1. J. 8. HYPO NOX. 3. COLUMN B BETWEEN LOW/UNDER DIFFICULT/PAINFUL FAST AROUND/SURROUNDING ONE EXCESSIVE/TOO MUCH MANY/MUCH BLUE NIGHT MD0010 3-34 . H. 2. AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" IN COLUMN "A. IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THESE PREFIXES. 9. C.SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 Prefixes LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 10 OF THE 50 LATIN AND GREEK PREFIXES GIVEN TO YOU.

GAS WATER 14. FAST SLOW C. THE PREFIX "SUB" IN THE WORD SUBCUTANEOUS MEANS: A.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 PREFIXES FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW. WITHOUT WITHIN C. D. IN OUT MD0010 3-35 . THE PREFIX "ERYTHRO" IN THE WORD ERYTHROCYTE MEANS: A. B. THE PREFIX "AN" IN THE WORD ANESTHESIA MEANS: A. B. SLOW FEW 16. B. LOW FAST C. WITHIN WITHOUT C. B. D. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. AIR LIQUID C. D. UNDER JOINT THE PREFIX "BRADY" IN THE WORD BRADYCARDIA MEANS: A. D. RED BLACK 17. B. IN AROUND 15. B. THE PREFIX "A" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. 11. B. D. D. THE PREFIX "HYDRO" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "TACHY" IN THE WORD TACHYCARDIA MEANS: A. D. LOW FEW 13. BLUE WHITE C. SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. OVER RIB C. 12.

MIDDLE SIDE 20. D. SMALL MANY/MUCH THE PREFIX "DEXTRO" IN THE WORD DEXTROCARDIA MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "OLIGO" IN THE WORD OLIGURIA MEANS: A. D. OUT IN Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 3-36 . B. FEW/SCANTY LARGE C. THE PREFIX "EM" IN THE WORD EMPYEMA MEANS: A. RIGHT LEFT C. B. 19. B.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 PREFIXES 18. BETWEEN UNDER C. D.

G (EXCESSIVE/TOO MUCH) HYPER MD0010 3-37 . A (BETWEEN) INTER 6. H (MANY/MUCH) POLY 4. E (AROUND/SURROUNDING) PERI 7.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 1. F (ONE) MONO 10. C (DIFFICULT/PAINFUL) DYS 8. B (LOW/UNDER) HYPO 2. NOCT 3. I (BLUE) CYANO 5. D (FAST) TACHY 9. J (NIGHT) NOX.

THE PREFIX "AN" IN THE WORD ANESTHESIA MEANS: B. FAST 16. THE PREFIX "SUB" IN THE WORD SUBCUTANEOUS MEANS: C. THE PREFIX "A" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "DEXTRO" IN THE WORD DEXTROCARDIA MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "HYDRO" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: D. THE PREFIX "ERYTHRO" IN THE WORD ERYTHROCYTE MEANS: C. WATER 14. 12. WITHOUT 15. UNDER THE PREFIX "BRADY" IN THE WORD BRADYCARDIA MEANS: B. THE PREFIX "OLIGO" IN THE WORD OLIGURIA MEANS: A. FEW/SCANTY 19. WITHOUT 18. THE PREFIX "EM" IN THE WORD EMPYEMA MEANS: D.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 11. SLOW 13. RIGHT 20. THE PREFIX "TACHY" IN THE WORD TACHYCARDIA MEANS: B. RED 17. IN MD0010 3-38 .

5. 18. 28. 8. 12. 29. 10. 26. 6. 3. 15. 4. 24. 17. 27. 14. 30. 2.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #2 1. 11. 31. 25. 20. 7. 13. 19. 21. Poor/bad Night Painful/difficult Water Large Small Black Blue Red White Scant Slow Fast or rapid One Free from/without Excessive Half Many Outside Around Under Below After Outside Against Inside Behind Before Before Between Two/both Go to Lesson 4 Continue with Lesson 3 MD0010 3-39 . 9. 23. 22. 16.

you should be able to: Give 10 of the 35 Latin and Greek medical suffixes and a list of English meanings of these suffixes.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 4 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Suffixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. frame numbers 199-245. MD0010 4-1 . write the English meaning in the space provided without error. Lesson 4. After completing this lesson.

lesson 3. of the bone. PRETEST #3 Before you turn to frame 199 and begin work on your study of suffixes in medical terminology. If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions. of fat. 4. 7. The pretest contains 28 questions relating to medical terminology suffixes. 11. 8. 10. Arthropathy is a Enterorrhagia means Angiosclerosis is the Osteomalacia means Lipolysis is the Gastrectasia is the Cephalalgia is term for Cyanemia means blue Myelocele is the protrusion or Dermatosis means any skin Oophoroma is an ovarian Encephalitis is A cardiocentesis is a of the brain. complete pretest #3. 6. . of the spinal cord. . 3. with 90% accuracy. A score of 90% on this pretest is 27 correct answers. in the head. 2.LESSON 4 Section I. of the stomach. go to the final examination ************************************************************************** Write your answers in the space provided in each question. 9. you pass the pretest and should proceed to the final examination. and lesson 4. of blood vessels. . MD0010 4-2 . 1. 12. ************************************************************************** If you pass the pretest for lesson 2. 5. of the joints. 13. of the small intestine. of the heart.

of the appendix. 28. between the esophagus and the of the mouth with an instrument. 26. 23. Rhinorrhea is a Pyeloplasty is the Spermapenia means a A nephropexy is the An arthrotomy is an Esophagoduodenostomy is a new duodenum. of spermatozoa. A stomatoscopy is an Neurorrhaphy means Hysteroptosis is the Hematophobia is an abnormal from the nose. 21. Acromegaly means that the extremities are Keratectasia means Hypertrophy means Appendectomy is the surgical Hepatorrhexis is the of the cornea. of blood. . of a kidney. into a joint. 27. a nerve. Check your answers on page 4-32 MD0010 4-3 .14. 19. 15. 20. 25. 24. 18. of the renal pelvis. 17. of the uterus. 22. of the liver. 16. .

begin with the suffix. suffixes could be placed into different categories of meaning. ****************************************** 199 When reading or breaking down a medical term. and -osis. itis/oma/osis ****************************************** MD0010 4-4 . but a few are peculiar to medicine. meaning tumor. however. The suffixes most commonly used to indicate disease are -itis. Normally. __________.Section II. after) the stem. usually morbid. after ****************************************** Most suffixes are in common use in English. 202 Suffixes commonly used to indicate disease are __________. 201 Suffixes differ from prefixes. A letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds to its meaning is called a __________. and __________. in that a suffix comes (before. we usually begin with the __________. oma. meaning inflammation. SUFFIXES . when reading or breaking down a medical word.GENERAL INFORMATION AND DISEASES Suffixes are the final element which we will study in analyzing medical terms. meaning condition. suffix ****************************************** Like prefixes. suffix ****************************************** 200 A suffix is a letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds meaning to the word.

suffix (frame 200) ****************************************** c. after) the stem. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 204. When reading or breaking down a medical term. itis/oma/osis (frame 202) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frame 203.203 To further reinforce what you have learned. MD0010 4-5 . and __________. Suffixes commonly used to indicate disease are __________. Suffixes differ from prefixes in that a suffix comes __________ (before. __________. A letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds to its meaning is called a __________. suffix (frame 199) ****************************************** b. we usually begin with the __________. after (frame 201) ****************************************** d.

is abnormal __________ of a blood vessel. lu-ke'me-ah hi"po-gli-se'me-ah blood ****************************************** 206 -Ectasis and -ectasia are suffixes meaning dilation. then. protrusion.Section III. is a protrusion or __________ of the stomach. an"je-ek'tah-sis expanding/dilation/dilatation ****************************************** MD0010 4-6 . gas'tro-sel hernia ****************************************** 205 -Emia is the suffix for blood. Angiectasis. or expansion. A gastrocele.PERTAINING TO DIAGNOSIS We will now look at the diagnostic suffixes. or tumor. SUFFIXES . A word we are all familiar with is leukemia. dilatation. ****************************************** 204 The suffix -cele means hernia. Hypoglycemia is a low amount of sugar in the __________. then. which is an abnormal amount of immature white blood cells.

Encephalitis. then. nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis condition ****************************************** 208 The suffix for inflammation is -itis. is __________ of the brain. kon"dro-mah-la'she-ah softening ****************************************** MD0010 4-7 . or presence of is -iasis. Nephrolithiasis. chondromalacia is __________ of the cartilage. formation of. therefore. en"sef-ah-li'tis inflammation ****************************************** 209 The suffix for softening is -malacia.207 The suffix for condition. Therefore. is a __________ of stones in the kidney.

The stem for artery. The stems for liver and spleen. is __________ of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis.210 The suffix for enlargement is -megaly. then. ar-te"re-o-skle-ro'sis hardening ****************************************** 212 The suffix for tumor is -oma. li-po'mah tumor ****************************************** 213 The suffix for condition or disease is osis. then. then. as you will recall. thus a lipoma is a fatty __________. is a __________ of fungus of the skin. Dermatophytosis. is arterio. as you will recall. is __________ of the liver and spleen. are hepato and spleno. Hepatosplenomegaly. der"mah-to-fi-to'sis condition ****************************************** MD0010 4-8 . hep"ah-to-sple"no-meg'ah-le enlargement ****************************************** 211 The suffix for hardening is -sclerosis.

214 The suffix for disease is -pathy. is hypertrophy. The medical term for excessive __________. hi-per'tro-fe growth ****************************************** MD0010 4-9 . is a __________ of the heart. Therefore. a blepharoptosis is a __________ __________of the eyelid. nu-rop'ah-the disease ****************************************** 215 The suffix for prolapse or downward displacement is ptosis. Cardiiiorrhexis. then. as you will recall. is blepharo. blef"ah-ro-to'sis downward displacement ****************************************** 216 The suffix for rupture is -rrhexis. neuropathy is a __________ of the nerves. Thus. then. kar"de-o-rek'sis rupture ****************************************** 217 The suffix for growth or nourishment is trophy. The stem for eyelid.

-iasis means: __________ condition. Hydrophobia. -cele means: __________ hernia. -itis means: __________ inflammation (frame 208) ****************************************** f. protrusion.218 The suffix for fear is -phobia. presence of (frame 207) ****************************************** e. -malacia means: __________ softening (frame 209) ****************************************** g. -emia means: __________ in the blood (frame 205) ****************************************** c. -megaly means: __________ enlargement (frame 210) ****************************************** MD0010 4-10 . dilatation. give the meaning of each of the following diagnostic suffixes: a. then. is a __________ of water. formation of. tumor (frame 204) ****************************************** b. -ectasis means: __________ dilation. hi"dro-fo'be-ah fear ****************************************** 219 In review. or expansion (frame 206) ****************************************** d.

h. -ptosis means: __________ prolapse/downward displacement (frame 215) ****************************************** m. -sclerosis means: __________ hardening (frame 211) ****************************************** i. -oma means: __________ tumor (frame 212) ****************************************** j. a. -phobia means: __________ fear (frame 218) ****************************************** 220 To further review what you have learned. -osis means: __________ condition (frame 213) ****************************************** k. -pathy means: __________ disease (frame 214) ****************************************** l. hernia (frame 204) ****************************************** MD0010 4-11 . -trophy means: __________ growth/nourishment (frame 217) ****************************************** o. A gastrocele is a protrusion or __________ of the stomach. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. -rrhexis means: __________ rupture (frame 216) ****************************************** n.

Arteriosclerosis is __________ of the arteries. Dermatophytosis is a fungus __________ of the skin. enlargement (frame 210) ****************************************** h. hardening (frame 211) ****************************************** i. dilation (frame 206) ****************************************** d. inflammation (frame 208) ****************************************** f. dilation (frame 206) ****************************************** e. blood (frame 205) ****************************************** c. tumor (frame 212) ****************************************** j. Hepatosplenomegaly is the __________ of the liver and spleen. Hypoglycemia is a low amount of sugar in the __________. condition (frame 213) ****************************************** MD0010 4-12 .b. softening (frame 209) ****************************************** g. Nephrolithiasis is a __________ of stones in the kidney. Chondromalacia is __________ of the cartilage. Encephalitis is __________ of the brain.A lipoma is a fatty __________. Angiectasis is abnormal __________ of a blood vessel.

Hydrophobia is a __________ of water. disease (frame 214) ****************************************** l. MD0010 4-13 . downward displacement (frame 215) ****************************************** m. fear (frame 218) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 219 and 220. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 221. Neuropathy is a __________ of the nerves. Blepharoptosis is a __________ __________ of the eyelid.k. Hypertrophy is the medical term for excessive __________. growth (frame 217) ****************************************** o. Cardiorrhexis is a __________ of the heart. rupture (frame 216) ****************************************** n.

Section IV. is called a __________. means ovary. Removal or excision of the gallbladder. is the __________ or __________ of tubes and ovaries. sal-ping"go-o"of-o-rek'to-me removal/excision ****************************************** 222 The stem cholecysto. The stem. ****************************************** 221 The suffix for removal or excision is -ectomy. therefore. salpingo. SUFFIXES . ko"le-sis-tek'to-me cholecystectomy ****************************************** 223 The suffix for inspection or examination is -scopy. means tube. and the stem. A bronchoscopy. as you recall.PERTAINING TO OPERATIVE PROCEDURES Now let's look at the operative suffixes. A salpingo-oophorectomy. oophoro. therefore. brong-kos'ko-pe inspection/examination ****************************************** MD0010 4-14 . then is an __________ of the bronchi. means gallbladder.

then. then. is the medical term for surgical __________/__________ of a joint. lap-ah-rot'o-me incision ****************************************** 226 The suffix for binding or fixation is -desis. ko-los'to-me artificial opening ****************************************** 225 -tomy is the suffix meaning incision or cutting into. ar"thro-de'sis binding/fixation ****************************************** MD0010 4-15 . Therefore. a colostomy is an __________ into the colon. A laparotomy. is an __________ in the abdominal wall. Arthrodesis.224 -stomy is the suffix meaning surgical creation of an artificial opening.

or"ke-o-pek'se suspension/fixation ****************************************** 228 The suffix for plastic repair of is -plasty. is the stem for eardrum. Tympano.227 The suffix for suspension or fixation is pexy. An orchiopexy is __________ of an undescended testis. ar"thro-sen-te'sis puncture ****************************************** MD0010 4-16 . is the term for __________ __________ of the eardrum. tim"pah-no-plas'te plastic repair ****************************************** 229 The suffix -centesis means puncture. as you recall. means __________ of a joint for the removal of fluid. Tympanoplasty. Arthrocentesis. therefore. then.

-plasty means: __________ plastic repair (frame 228) ****************************************** MD0010 4-17 . -scopy means: __________ inspection/examination (frame 223) ****************************************** c. write the meaning of each of the following operative suffixes in the blank provided. -tomy means: __________ incision/cutting (frame 225) ****************************************** e. -stomy means: __________ artificial opening into (frame 224) ****************************************** d. Neurorraphy is the medical term for __________ __________ of the nerve. nu-ror'ah-fe suture repair ****************************************** 231 In review. -ectomy means: __________ removal/excision (frame 221) ****************************************** b. -desis means: __________ binding/fixation (frame 226) ****************************************** f. a. -pexy means: __________ suspension/fixation (frame 227) ****************************************** g.230 The suffix for suture repair is -rrhaphy.

-centesis means: __________ puncture (frame 229) ****************************************** i. A bronchoscopy is an __________ of the bronchi. incision (frame 225) ****************************************** e. A laparotomy is an __________ into the abdominal wall. A colostomy is an __________ __________ __________ the colon. artificial opening into (frame 224) ****************************************** d. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. An orchiopexy is __________ of an undescended testis. -rrhaphy means: __________ suture repair (frame 230) ****************************************** 232 To further review what you have learned. fixation (frame 226) ****************************************** f. examination/inspection (frame 223) ****************************************** c. removal/excision (frame 221) ****************************************** b. Arthrodesis is the medical term for a surgical __________ of a joint.h. a. A salpingo-oophorectomy is the __________ or __________ of tubes and ovaries. suspension/fixation (frame 227) ****************************************** MD0010 4-18 .

plastic repair (frame 228) ****************************************** h.g. Rhinoplasty is the term for __________ __________ of the nose. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 233. puncture (frame 229) ****************************************** i. Neurorrhaphy is the __________ __________ of the nerve. Arthrocentesis is removal of fluid from a joint by __________. MD0010 4-19 . suture repair (frame 230) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 231 and 232.

****************************************** 233 -algia is a suffix meaning pain. then. pi"o-jen'ik producing ****************************************** 235 -lysis is a suffix meaning destruction or breakdown. SUFFIXES . then. Pyogenic. Pyo. therefore. is the stem for pus. Dentalgia. is the term for __________ pus. is the medical term for a __________ in the tooth.PERTAINING TO SYMPTOMS We will now study the symptomatic suffixes. means the __________ of red blood cells.Section V. Hemolysis. as you recall. he-mol'i-sis destruction ****************************************** MD0010 4-20 . den-tal'je-ah pain ****************************************** 234 -genic is the suffix for producing or originating.

e-rith"ro-pe'ne-ah deficiency/decrease ****************************************** 239 -spasm is the suffix meaning involuntary contraction. then. Thus. Diarrhea is the medical term for __________ __________ of the bowel. The medical term myospasm. hemorrhage is a term meaning __________ of blood. Erythropenia means a __________ of red blood cells. di"ah-re'ah excessive discharge ****************************************** 238 -penia is the suffix meaning decrease or deficiency.236 -rrhagia is the suffix meaning excessive flow or discharge. means an __________ __________ of the muscle. mi'o-spazm involuntary contraction ****************************************** MD0010 4-21 . hem'or-ij excessive flow/discharge ****************************************** 237 Another suffix meaning excessive discharge or flow is -rrhea.

-al. kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar pertaining to ****************************************** 241 Here's another example: Intercostal means __________ __________ between the ribs. and -ar mean pertaining to.240 The suffixes -ic. for example. o'to-skop-ik pertaining to ****************************************** 243 Finally. cardiac means __________ __________ the heart. means __________ __________ the heart and vessels. -ac. in"ter-kos'tal pertaining to ****************************************** 242 Otoscopic means __________ __________ an examination of the ear. Cardiovascular. kar'de-ak pertaining to ****************************************** MD0010 4-22 .

-ic. -rrhagia means: __________ excessive discharge/flow (frame 236) ****************************************** e. -al. write the meaning of each of the following symptomatic suffixes: a. a. -rrhea means: __________ excessive discharge (frame 237) ****************************************** f. and -ar mean: __________ pertaining to (frame 240) ****************************************** h. -spasm means: __________ involuntary contraction (frame 239) ****************************************** 245 To further reinforce what you have learned. -penia means: __________ deficiency (frame 238) ****************************************** g. pain (frame 233) ****************************************** MD0010 4-23 . Dentalgia is the medical term for a __________ in the tooth. -genic means: __________ producing (frame 234) ****************************************** c. -ac. -algia means: __________ pain (frame 233) ****************************************** b. -lysis means: __________ destruction (frame 235) ****************************************** d.244 In review. please write the correct word in the blanks in the following sentences.

pertaining to (frame 241) ****************************************** MD0010 4-24 . Cardiovascular means _________ __________ the heart and vessels. involuntary contraction (frame 239) ****************************************** h.b. Pyogenic is the term for __________ pus. Hemorrhage is a term meaning __________ of blood. deficiency (frame 237) ****************************************** f. Intercostal means __________ __________ between the ribs. excessive discharge/flow (frame 236) ****************************************** e. Myospasm is the medical term for __________ __________ of a muscle. Erythropenia means a __________ of red blood cells. producing (frame 234) ****************************************** c. destruction (frame 235) ****************************************** d. pertaining to (frame 240) ****************************************** i. excessive discharge (frame 238) ****************************************** g. Diarrhea is the medical term for __________ __________ of the bowel. Hemolysis means the _________ of red blood cells.

pertaining to (frame 243) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 244 and 245. Cardiac means __________ __________ the heart. CONGRATULATIONS You have completed the last lesson on medical terminology. pertaining to (frame 242) ****************************************** k. With your knowledge of prefixes. Otoscopic means __________ __________ an examination of the ear. and suffixes. *********************************************************************** Continue with Self-Assessment MD0010 4-25 . please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing. you should be able to recognize and define most medical terms.j. stems.

MD0010 4-26 .Section VI. prefixes. To evaluate how well you have learned the suffixes covered in lesson 4. This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 4 before going to self-assessment #4 which is an exercise covering all stems. complete the self-assessment #3 questions. SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 You have now completed lesson 4. and suffixes you have studied in this course.

AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" NEXT TO THE NUMBER IN COLUMN "A. 4. 6. 3. IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THESE SUFFIXES. H. G. COLUMN B INFLAMMATION PLASTIC REPAIR INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION OPENING/INCISION INTO HARDENING TUMOR GROWTH/NOURISHMENT DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT ENLARGEMENT PAIN/ACHE MD0010 4-27 . MATCH THE TWO. SCLEROSIS PTOSIS TROPHY ITIS MEGALY PLASTY TOMY OMA ALGIA SPASM A. B. I. 5. D. F. J. C. E.SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 SUFFIXES LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 10 OF THE 35 LATIN AND GREEK STEMS GIVEN TO YOU. 2. 7. 9." EXAMPLE: EMIA = BLOOD COLUMN A 1. 8. 10.

THE SUFFIX -CENTESIS IN THE WORD ARTHROCENTESIS MEANS: A. B. HARDENING SOFTENING C. THE SUFFIX -ECTOMY IN THE WORD SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY MEANS: A. CONDITION OF PERTAINING TO 16. ENLARGEMENT SWELLING 13. D. THE SUFFIX -IASIS IN THE WORD NEPHROLITHIASIS MEANS: A. D. 12. SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. THE SUFFIX -IC IN THE WORD OTOSCOPIC MEANS: A. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. SOFTENING HARDENING C. B. FLOWING PRODUCING MD0010 4-28 . DROOPING DILATION THE SUFFIX -MEGALY IN THE WORD HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY MEANS: A. B. EXCISION OF OPENING OF C. INSPECTION OF SUSPENSION OF 15. D. DESTRUCTION OF PUNCTURE OF C. B. 11. B. PERTAINING TO ORIGINATING IN 17. D. CONDITION/PRESENCE OF GROWTH/NOURISHMENT C. GROWING CONDITION C. THE SUFFIX -OSIS IN THE WORD DERMATOPHYTOSIS MEANS: A. REPAIR OF SOFTENING OF C. D. B. B. D. D. SUSPENSION/FIXATION PROTRUSION/SWELLING 14. THE SUFFIX -MALACIA IN THE WORD CHONDROMALACIA MEANS: A.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW.

D. B. B. THE SUFFIX -DESIS IN THE WORD ARTHRODESIS MEANS: A. 19. D. B. PERTAINING TO INSPECTION OF C. SOFTENING OF NOURISHMENT OF 20. DISEASE OF FEAR OF Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 4-29 . PUNCTURE ENLARGEMENT THE SUFFIX -AR IN THE WORD CARDIOVASCULAR MEANS: A.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES 18. THE SUFFIX -PHOBIA IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: A. OPENING OF LIKE OF C. FIXATION DILATION C. D.

I (ENLARGEMENT) MEGALY 6. H (DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT) PTOSIS 3. F (TUMOR) OMA 9. J (PAIN/ACHE) ALGIA 10. B (PLASTIC REPAIR) PLASTY 7. D (OPENING/INCISION INTO) TOMY 8. G (GROWTH/NOURISHMENT) TROPHY 4. C (INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION) SPASM MD0010 4-30 .SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 SUFFIXES 1. E (HARDENING) SCLEROSIS 2. A (INFLAMMATION) ITIS 5.

THE SUFFIX -"OSIS" IN THE WORD DERMATOPHYTOSIS MEANS: B. THE SUFFIX -"CENTESIS" IN THE WORD ARTHROCENTESIS MEANS: B. 12. THE SUFFIX -"AR" IN THE WORD CARDIOVASCULAR MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -"DESIS" IN THE WORD ARTHRODESIS MEANS: A.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES 11. FEAR OF Continue with Self-Assessment #4 (Review) MD0010 4-31 . EXCISION OF 15. ENLARGEMENT 13. THE SUFFIX -"IASIS" IN THE WORD NEPHROLITHIASIS MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -"MALACIA" IN THE WORD CHONDROMALACIA MEANS: B. FIXATION 19. CONDITION THE SUFFIX -"MEGALY" IN THE WORD HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY MEANS: C. THE SUFFIX -"ECTOMY" IN THE WORD SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -"PHOBIA" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: D. PERTAINING TO 20. SOFTENING 18. PUNCTURE OF 17. THE SUFFIX -"IC" IN THE WORD OTOSCOPIC MEANS: D. CONDITION/PRESENCE OF 14. PERTAINING TO 16.

13. Disease Hemorrhage Hardening Softening Breakdown (destruction) Dilatation Pain Blood Hernia Condition Tumor Inflammation Puncture Discharge Surgical repair/plastic repair Decrease/deficiency Fixation/suspension Incision Opening Examination Suturing Prolapse Fear Enlarged Dilatation Overdevelopment/enlargement Removal Rupture Continue with Lesson 4 MD0010 4-32 . 24. 22. 19. 25. 11. 26. 21. 15. 3. 14. 16. 9. 17. 28. 2. 18. 20. 23. 8. 12. 10. 5. 6. 7. 27.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #3 1. 4.

Inflammation of the bones and joints.REVIEW . and suffixes you have studied. It consists of 78 Latin or Greek medical terms composed of the prefixes. You are required to match the English meaning of the terms with the Latin or Greek term. EXAMPLE COLUMN A 1. OSTEOARTHRITIS .SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 You have completed all the study material on medical terminology. stems. Self-assessment #4 is a review of all the material you have been given. COLUMN B A.

Intra-abdominal R. 8. Inflammation of the liver Scant urine Without fever Under the skin Inside the abdomen Night urine Involuntary contraction of a muscle Difficult breathing Inflammation of the cartilage Pertaining to first part of small intestine Tumor filled with blood Sugar in the urine Inflammation of the tubes COLUMN B A. COLUMN A 1. Glucosuria Q. stems. Subcutaneous P. Hematoma H. 13. and column "B" contains the Latin or Greek term composed of the prefixes. Cerebroma F. 18. Afebrile D. Dyspnea B. Nocturia C. Column "A" contains the meanings of the medical terms. Condition of stones in the kidney Inflammation of many nerves Excessive vomiting Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Tumor of the brain. 9. 4. 14. 6. 11." Enter the letter of the medical term in the space provided. Match column "A" with column "B. 2. 3. Hepatitis N. Gastroenteritis L. 12. Polyneuritis . 16.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 MEDICAL TERMS This quiz is a review of all the material you have been given. and suffixes you have studied. Nephrolithiasis M. 17. I. J. Myospasm O. Oliguria E. 5. 7. Hyperemesis G. 15. Salpingitis Duodenal Chondritis K. All matching terms are on the same page. 10.

3. I. Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Thoracentesis L. Tympanoplasty Instrument used for examination of the larynx Plastic operation upon the lip Surgical fixation of a joint Puncture of the thorax Incision into the abdominal wall P. Rhinoplasty Removal of the gallbladder T. Arthrodesis F. Orchiopexy Removal of a gland R. 5. Laparotomy E. 18. Laryngoscope G. 9. Inflammation within the uterus Removal of both tubes and ovaries Suture repair of a hernia Fixation of the testes Suture repair of the tongue Removal of a kidney Removal of the stomach Artificial opening into the colon Plastic repair of the ear J. 7. Otoplasty H. Hysterectomy C. Adenectomy D. 13. 20. 6. 17. Nephrectomy Removal of the uterus S. 11. 14. 4. Bilateral Salpingooophorectomy . 16. Herniorrhaphy Endometritis A.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 2) COLUMN A 1. Cholecystectomy N. Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy M. 8. 10. 19. Cheiloplasty Plastic repair of the eardrum Q. Plastic repair of the nose K. 15. 2. COLUMN B Arthrocentesis B. Colostomy O. 12.

Hypertrophy C. Cardiovascular N. 17. 2. Lipoma G. 5. 15. Dermatophytosis . 14. 7. Thrombophlebitis E. 11. 6. Otoscopic F. Tachycardia Bradycardia Anesthesia K. 13. 20. 16. 18. Osteoarthritis Q. Cyanosis R. 8. Intercostal S. Glossitis P. Hydrophobia L. Hardening of the arteries Inflammation of the tongue Downward displacement of the eyelids Condition of blueness Pertaining to the heart and vessels Between the ribs Fear of water Condition of fungus of the skin Inflammation of the bones and joints Fast heart beat Slow heart beat Without feeling or sensation Pertaining to examination of the ear Inflammation of a vein with a clot Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fatty tumor Excessive growth Red cell Single or one cell Excessive eating A. Arteriosclerosis M. COLUMN B Hepatosplenomegaly B. Monocyte D.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 3) COLUMN A 1. 9. 3. 12. 4. Blepharoptosis O. J. Erythrocyte T. 10. I. Polyphagia H. 19.

SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 4) COLUMN A 1. Dentalgia D. 17. 8. Hematuria F. 15. Myalgia G. 2. 10. 16. Hypotension B. Orchiopexy L. Hypertension R. Keratitis M. 11. 6. Hematemesis H. 7. 14. Cystitis E. Suspension of testes Enlargement of the kidney Inflammation of the cornea Producing pus Condition of dead tissue Softening of the cartilage Pertaining to the liver Vomiting of blood Inflammation of the nose Blood in the urine Inflammation within the heart Resembling a gland Pain in a muscle Low blood pressure High blood pressure Inflammation of the brain Inflammation around the heart Tooth ache/pain Enlargement of the extremities Inflammation of the bladder Check your answers on the following pages COLUMN B A. Chondromalacia P. 5. 9. Rhinitis . 13. J. Encephalitis C. 19. Adenoid T. Pericarditis Necrosis Nephromegaly K. Endocarditis S. I. 3. Acromegaly Q. 18. 12. 20. Pyogenic N. Hepatic O. 4.

14. COLUMN B Dyspnea B. Subcutaneous P. Afebrile D. Salpingitis Duodenal Chondritis K. Glucosuria Q. Nephrolithiasis M. Cerebroma F. 9. Hepatitis N. 5. 3. L R F K E M D C O Q B N A J I G P H Condition of stones in the kidney Inflammation of many nerves Excessive vomiting Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Tumor of the brain. Intra-abdominal R. 6. 16. Hematoma H. Inflammation of the liver Scant urine Without fever Under the skin Inside the abdomen Night urine Involuntary contraction of a muscle Difficult breathing Inflammation of the cartilage Pertaining to first part of small intestine Tumor filled with blood Sugar in the urine Inflammation of the tubes A. Hyperemesis G. 4. I. 12. 15. Myospasm O. 8. 7. 10.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 MEDICAL TERMS COLUMN A 1. Nocturia C. 11. 13. Gastroenteritis L. 2. J. Oliguria E. 18. Polyneuritis . 17.

9. 17. 14. 2. 6. 13. 8. Rhinoplasty Removal of the gallbladder T.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 2) COLUMN A 1. 4. Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy Endometritis K. 5. 3. 15. Herniorrhaphy M. Otoplasty H. Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Thoracentesis . Laparotomy E. 19. 11. Colostomy O. 10. COLUMN B Arthrocentesis B. 16. Bilateral Salpingooophorectomy P. J O L Q I R H N G S F P E T D K C B M A Inflammation within the uterus Removal of both tubes and ovaries Suture repair of a hernia Fixation of the testes Suture repair of the tongue Removal of a kidney Removal of the stomach Artificial opening into the colon Plastic repair of the ears J. Cholecystectomy N. Nephrectomy Removal of the uterus S. Orchiopexy Removal of a gland R. Plastic repair of the nose Instrument used for examination of the larynx Plastic operation upon the lip Surgical fixation of a joint Puncture of the thorax Incision into the abdominal wall A. Cheiloplasty Plastic repair of the eardrum Q. 20. I. Hysterectomy C. 12. Tympanoplasty L. Laryngoscope G. 7. Arthrodesis F. Adenectomy D. 18.

7. Osteoarthritis Q. 15. 14. Glossitis P. 12. Otoscopic F. Hydrophobia L. 11.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 3) COLUMN A 1. L O N Q M R K T P H I J E D A F B S C G Hardening of the arteries Inflammation of the tongue Downward displacement of the eyelids Condition of blueness Pertaining to the heart and vessels Between the ribs Fear of water Condition of fungus of the skin Inflammation of the bones and joints Fast heart beat Slow heart beat Without feeling or sensation Pertaining to examination of the ear Inflammation of a vein with a clot Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fatty tumor Excessive growth Red cell Single or one cell Excessive eating A. 2. I. Cyanosis R. 3. Polyphagia H. Arteriosclerosis M. 6. 16. 17. 4. Erythrocyte T. Monocyte D. Hypertrophy C. 18. 20. 10. J. Blepharoptosis O. Tachycardia Bradycardia Anesthesia K. 13. Lipoma G. Dermatophytosis . 19. Thrombophlebitis E. Cardiovascular N. 9. 8. 5. COLUMN B Hepatosplenomegaly B. Intercostal S.

16. Hypertension R. 9. 19. 11. Acromegaly Q. 4. 13. Hematemesis H. 12. 3. 18. Dentalgia D. Myalgia G. 5. 20. 8. Hepatic O. Adenoid T. Pericarditis I. Pyogenic N. Orchiopexy L. 7. COLUMN B Hypotension B. Encephalitis C. Necrosis Nephromegaly K. 15. 14. 10. Endocarditis S. Keratitis M. 17. Cystitis E. Chondromalacia P. Rhinitis . Hematuria F. K J L M I O N G T E R S F A Q B H C P D Suspension of testes Enlargement of the kidney Inflammation of the cornea Producing pus Condition of dead tissue Softening of the cartilage Pertaining to the liver Vomiting of blood Inflammation of the nose Blood in the urine Inflammation within the heart Resembling a gland Pain in a muscle Low blood pressure High blood pressure Inflammation of the brain Inflammation around the heart Tooth ache/pain Enlargement of the extremities Inflammation of the bladder A. 2. 6. J.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 4) COLUMN A 1.

GLOSSARY Medical Term A Acromegaly Adenoid Afebrile Anesthesia Arteriosclerosis Meaning Enlargement of the extremities Resembling a gland Without fever Without feeling or sensation Hardening of the arteries B Blepharoptosis Bradycardia Downward displacement of the eyelids Slow heartbeat C Cardiovascular Cerebroma Chondritis Chondromalacia Cyanosis. Cystitis Pertaining to the heart and vessels Tumor of the brain Inflammation of the cartilage Softening of the cartilage Condition of blueness Inflammation of the bladder D Dentalgia Dermatophytosis Duodenal Dyspnea Toothache/pain Condition of fungus of the skin Pertaining to the first part of small intestine Difficult breathing E Encephalitis Endocarditis Endometritis Erythrocyte Inflammation of the brain Inflammation within the heart Inflammation within the uterus Red cell MD0010 A-1 .

Excessive vomiting High blood pressure Excessive growth Low blood pressure I Intercostal Intra-Abdominal Between the ribs Inside the abdomen K Keratitis Inflammation of the cornea L Lipoma Fatty tumor MD0010 A-2 .GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term G Gastroenteritis Glossitis Glucosuria Meaning Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Inflammation of the tongue Sugar in the urine H Hematemesis Hematoma Hematuria Hepatic Hepatitis Hepatosplenomegaly Hydrophobia Hyperemesis Hypertension Hypertrophy Hypotension .Vomiting of blood Tumor filled with blood Blood in the urine Pertaining to the liver Inflammation of the liver Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fear of water .

GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term M Monocyte Myalgia Myospasm Meaning Single or one cell Pain in the muscle Involuntary contraction of a muscle N Necrosis Nephrolithiasis Nephrolithiasis Nocturia Condition of dead tissue Condition of stones in the kidney Enlargement of the kidney Night urine O Oliguria Osteoarthritis Otoscopic Scant urine Inflammation of the bones and joints Pertaining to examination of the ear P Pericarditis Polyneuritis Polyphagia Postpartum Pyogenic Inflammation around the heart Inflammation of many nerves Excessive eating After birth Producing pus R Rhinitis Inflammation of the nose S Salpingitis Inflammation of the tubes MD0010 A-3 .

GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term T Tachycardia Thrombophlebitis Meaning Fast heartbeat Inflammation of a vein with a clot Operations or Procedures Adenectomy Arthrocentesis Arthrodesis Cheiloplasty Cholecystectomy Colostomy Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy Herniorrhaphy Hysterectomy Laparotomy Laryngoscopy Nephrectomy Orchiopexy Otoplasty Rhinoplasty Thoracentesis Tympanoplasty Meaning Removal of a gland Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Surgical fixation of a joint Plastic operation upon the lip Removal of the gallbladder Incision into the colon Removal of the stomach Suture repair of the tongue Suture repair of a hernia Removal of the uterus Incision into the abdominal wall Examination of the larynx with an instrument Removal of a kidney Fixation of the testes Plastic repair of the ears Plastic repair of the nose Puncture of the thorax Plastic repair of the eardrum MD0010 A-4 .

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 2 MEDICAL TERM Abdominal /ab-dom'i-nal/ Acrodermatitis /ak"ro-der"mah-ti'tis/ Acromegaly /ak"ro-meg' ah-le/ Adenectomy /ad"e-nek' to-me/ Afebrile /a-feb' ril/ Anesthesia /an"es-the'ze-ah/ Angiogram /an'je-o-gram"/ Arteriosclerosis/ar-te"re-o-skle'ro'sis/ Arthrodesis /ar"thro-de'sis/ Blepharitis /blef"ah-ri'tis/ Bronchitis /brong-ki'tis/ Cardiovascular /kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar/ Celiectomy / se"le-ek'to-me/ Cheiloplasty /ki'lo-plas"te/ MD0010 B-1 Chondritis /kon-dri'tis/ Cholecystectomy /ko"le-sis-tek'to-me/ Colon /ko'lon/ Colostomy /ko'los'to-me/ Cystitis /sis-ti'tis/ Dacryocystitis /dak"re-o-sis-ti'tis/ Dentalgia /den'tal'je-ah/ Duodenal /du'o-de'nal/ Endometritis /en"do-me"tri'tis/ Encephalitis /en"sef-ah-li'tis/ Erythrocyte /e-rith'ro-sit/ Gastrectomy /gas-trek'to-me/ Gastroenteritis /gas"tro-en-ter-i'tis/ Gingivitis /jin"ji-vi'tis/ .

mol' o-je/ Optometrist /op-tom'e-trist/ Orchiopexy /or"ke-o-pek'se/ Osteoarthritis /os"te-o-ar-thri'-tis/ Otoplasty /o'to-plas"te/ Phagocyte /fag'o-sit/ Phlebectomy /fle-bek'to-me/ Pneodynamics /ne'o-di-nam'iks/ Pneumonia /nu-mo'ne-ah/ Pneumatic /nu-mat-ik/ Polyneuritis /pol"e-nu-ri'tis/ Polyphagia /pol"e-fa'je-ah/ Proctitis /prok-ti'tis/ Psychology /si-kol 'o-je/ Pulmonary /pul'mo-ner"e/ Pyogenic /pi"o-jen'ik/ Pyromania /pi"ro-ma'ne-ah/ Rhinitis /ri-ni'tis/ Salpingitis /sal"pin-ji'tis/ Splenectomy /sple-nek'to-me/ Stomatitis /sto-mah-ti'tis/ Tendinitis /ten"di-ni'tis/ Thrombophlebitis /throm"bo-fle-bi'tis Tinea Pedis /tin'e-ah/ Pe'dis/ Tracheitis /tra"ke-i'tis/ Tympanoplasty /tim"pah-no-plas'te/ Ureteritis /u"re-ter-i'tis/ Urethritis /u"re-thri'tis/ Vasodilator /vas"o-di-lat'or/ Venogram /ve'no-gram/ .Glossitis /glos-si'tis/ Glucosuria /gloo"ko-su're-ah/ Hematology /hem"ah tol'o-je/ Hematoma /hem"ah-to'mah/ Hepatitis /hep"ah-ti'tis/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hyperemesis /hi"per-em'e-sis/ Hysterectomy /his"te-rek'to-me/ Ileitis /il"e-i'tis/ Ileum /il'e-um/ Intercostal /in"ter-kos'tal/ Jejunum /je-joo'num/ Jejunectomy /je"joo-nek'to-me/ Keratitis /ker"ah-ti'tis/ Laparotomy /lap-ah-rot'o-me/ Laryngoscopy/lar"ing-gos'ko-pe/ Lingual /ling'gwal/ Lipoma /li-po mah/ Lymphocyte /lim'fo-sit/ Mycosis /mi-ko'sis/ Myelitis /mi"e-li'tis/ Myospasm /mi'o-spazm/ Myringotomy /mir"in-got'o-me/ Necropsy /nek'rop-se/ Nephrectomy /ne-frek'to-me/ Nephrolithiasis/nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis/ Nocturia /nok-tu're-ah/ Ocular /ok'u-lar/ Onychectomy /on"i-kek'-to-me/ Oophorectomy /o"of-o-rek'to-me/ MD0010 B-2 Ophthalmology /of"thal.

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 3 MEDICAL TERM Afebrile /a-feb'ril/ Anesthesia /an"es-the'ze-ah/ Antepartum /an'te-par'tum/ Antitoxin /an"ti-tok'sin/ Anterolateral /an"ter-o-lat'er-al/ Bilateral /bi-lat'er-al/ Bradycardia /brad"e-kar'de-ah/ Cyanosis /si"ah-no'sis/ Dextrocardia /deks"tro-kar'de-ah/ Dyspnea /disp'ne-ah/ Ectopic /ek-top'ik/ Empyema /em"pi-e'mah/ Endometritis /en"do-me-tri'tis/ Erythrocyte /e-rith'ro-sit/ Hemiplegia /hem"e-ple'je-ah/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hyperemesis /hi"per-em'e-sis/ Hypertension /hi"per-ten'shun/ Hypodermic /hi"po-der'mik/ Hypotension /hi"po-ten'shun/ Intercostal /in"ter-kos'tal/ Intra-abdominal /in"trah-ab-dom'i-nal/ Leukocyte /lu'ko-sit/ Levoversion /le"vo-ver'zhun/ Macroscopic /mak"ro-skop'ik/ Macrocyte /mak'ro-sit/ Malodorous /mal-o der-es/ Medial /me'de-al/ Megacolon /meg"ah-ko'lon/ Melanoma /mel"ah-no'mah/ Microcardia/mi"kro-kar'de-ah/ Microcyte /mi'kro-sit/ Monocyte /mon'o-sit/ Multipara /mul-tip'ah-rah/ Nocturia /nok-ru're-ah/ Oliguria /ol"i gu're-ah/ Panhysterectomy /pan"his-ter-ek'to-me/ Pericarditis /per"i-kar-di-tis/ Postoperative /post-op'er-a"tiv/ Postnasal /post-na'zal/ Polyneuritis /pol"e-nu-ri'tis/ Posterolateral /pos"ter-o-lat'er-al/ Preoperative /pre-op'er-a"tiv/ Quadriplegia /kwod"ri-ple' je-ah/ Retrocardial /ret"ro-kar'de-al/ Semiconscious /sem"e-kon'shus/ Subcutaneous /sub"ku-ta'ne-us/ Tachycardia /tak"e-kar'de-ah/ Tricuspid /tri-kus'pid/ MD0010 B-3 .

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 4 MEDICAL TERM Acromegaly /ak"ro-meg'ah-le/ Angiectasis /an"je-ek'tah-sis/ Arteriosclerosis/ar-te"re-o-skle'ro'sis/ Arthrocentesis /ar"thro-sen-te'sis/ Arthrodesis /ar"thro-de'sis/ Blepharoptosis /blef"ah-ro-to'sis/ Bronchogenic /brong-ko-jen'ik/ Bronchoscopy /brong-kos'ko-pe/ Cardiac /kar'de-ak'/ Cardiorrhexis /kar"de-o-rek'sis/ Cardiovascular /kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar/ Cholecystectomy /ko"le-sis-tek'to-me/ Cholelithiasis /ko"le-li-thi'ah-sis/ Chondritis /kon-dri'tis/ Chondromalacia / kon"dro-mah-la'she-ah/ Colostomy /ko'los'to-me/ Cyanosis /si"ah-no'sis/ Dentalgia /den'tal'je-ah/ Dermatophytosis /der"mah-to-fi-to'sis/ Diarrhea /di"ah-re'ah/ Encephalitis /en"sef-ah-li'tis/ Enterolysis /en"ter-ol i-sis/ Erythropenia /e-rith"ro-pe'ne-ah/ Gastrocele /gas'tro-sel/ Hematoma /hem"ah-to'mah/ Hemorrhage /hem'or-ij/ Hepatoma /hep"ah-to'mah/ Hepatosplenomegaly /hep"ah-to-sple"no-meg'ah-le/ Hydroarthrosis /hi"dro-ar" thro'sis/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hypertrophy /hi-per'tro-fe/ Hypoglycemia /hi"po-gli-s 'me-ah e/ Intercostal in"ter-kos'tal/ Laparotomy /lap-ah-rot'o-me/ Leukemia /lu-ke'me-ah/ Leukopenia /lu"ko-pe'ne-ah/ Lipoma /li-po mah/ Lymphadenopathy /lim-fad"e-nop' ah-the/ Myocarditis /mi"o-kar-di'tis/ Myocardium /mi"o-kar'de-um/ Myospasm /mi"o-spazm/ Nephrolithiasis /nef"ro-li.thi'ah-sis/ Neuropathy /nu-rop'ah-the/ Neurorrhaphy /nu-ror'ah-fe/ Orchiopexy /or"ke-o-pek'se/ Otoscopic /o'to-skop-ik/ Pyogenic /pi"o-jen'ik/ Psychogenic /si"ko-jen'ik/ Rhinoplasty /ri no-plas"te/ MD0010 B-4 .

Salpingo-oophorectomy /sal-ping"go-o"of-o-rek'to-me/ Subhepatic /sub"he-pat'ik/ Tympanoplasty /tim"pah-no.plas'te/ MD0010 B-5 .

admitted antibody deficiency syndrome above the elbow acid-fast MD0010 C-1 . admit. (For a complete list of authorized medical abbreviations and symbols.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS This appendix is a list of commonly used medical abbreviations and symbols which are authorized to be used in medical records. see AR 40-66. a AAE Ab abd hyst ABE ABP ABR ABS ac ACA ACH ACI ACTH ACVD AD A&D ADD adhib ADL ad lib adm ADS AE AF before acute allergic encephalitis antibodies abdominal hysterectomy acute bacterial endocarditis arterial blood pressure absolute bed rest acute brain syndrome before meals adenocarcinoma acetylcholine adrenal cortical insufficiency adrenocorticotropic hormone acute cardiovascular disease right ear admission and discharge average daily dose to be administered activities of daily living as desired admission.) A.

every other night acute left ventricular failure against medical advice ambulatory acute myocardial infarction antibody hepatitis-associated antigen alcohol on breath before dinner anterior and posterior atrial or auricular premature beat aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). phenacetin. caffeine water left ear acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) as soon as possible MD0010 C-2 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) AFB afeb AF/F AGG AHAC AHD AI AID AIHA AJ AK amp ALMI alt die (dieb) alt noc (noct) ALVF AMA amb AMI anti-HAA AOB ap A&P APB APC aq AS ASA ASAP acid-fast bacilli afebrile. every other night alternate nights. without fever atrial fibrillation and/or flutter agammaglobulinemia American Heart Association Classification atherosclerotic heart disease aortic insufficiency or incompetence acute infectious disease autoimmune hemolytic anemia ankle jerk above the knee amputation anterior lateral myocardial infarct alternate days.

B&J BM BMR bol BOM BP BPH BPI BS BSO BTL BUE arteriosclerotic heart disease anterior superior spine Adams-Stokes syndrome both ears axillary born blood alcohol backache bundle branch block bone conduction birth control pills barium enema bundle of His drink twice a day twice during the night bone and joint bowel movement basal metabolic rate pill bilateral otitis media blood pressure benign prostatic hypertrophy blood pressure increased bowel or breath sound(s) bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy bilateral tubal ligation both upper extremities MD0010 C-3 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) ASHD ASS A-S syndrome AU ax B BA B/A BBB BC BCP BE BH bib bid bin B/J.

cancer.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) BUN BUQ BV BW Bx C1 to C7 CI to CXII c CA Ca CAT cath CBC CBD CBS CBV CC CCK CDC CF CGTT CHB ChE CHF CHO chr CI CIS blood urea nitrogen both upper quadrants blood volume body weight biopsy cervical nerves or vertebrae 1 to 7 cranial nerves with cardiac arrest calcium. carcinoma Children's Apperception Test catheter complete blood count common bile duct chronic brain syndrome central blood volume chief of current complaint cholecytokinin Center for Disease Control complement fixation cortisone glucose tolerance test complete heart block cholinesterase congestive heart failure carbohydrate chronic cardiac insufficiency carcinoma in situ MD0010 C-4 .

conjunctivitis closed reduction cranial nerves chronic respiratory or renal disease creatine phosphate cesarean section cerebrospinal fluid Cheyne-Stokes respiration cardiovascular cardiovascular accident central venous catheter cardiovascular disease central venous pressure cardiovascular system cytology dorsal dorsal or thoracic vertebrae or nerves development age date of accident or admission direct agglutination pregnancy (test) MD0010 C-5 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) Cl CN CNS CO CO2 COD Compound E cong conj CR CrI to CrXII CRD CrP CS CSF C S resp CV CVA CVC CVD CVP CVS cytol D D1 to D12 DA D/A DAP chlorine cranial nerves central nervous system carbon monoxide carbon dioxide cause of death cortisone congenital conjunctiva.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) DBP D&C DI dis disc DJD DM DNA DNR DNS DOA DOE DOS D/S DTR DU DUB Dx EAC EBL ECG. ECG EM EMB EMS diastolic blood pressure dilatation and currettage or currettement diabetes insipidus disease discontinue degenerative joint disease diabetes mellitus deoxyribonucleic acid dorsal nerve root deviated nasal septum dead on arrival dyspnea on exertion day of surgery dextrose in saline deep tendon reflexes duodenal ulcer dysfunctional uterine bleeding diagnosis external auditory canal estimated blood loss electrocardiogram Escherichia coli electroconvulsive shock estimated date of confinement electrocardiogram electron miscoscopy eosin methylene blue emergency medical service MD0010 C-6 . EKG E coli ECS EDC EKG.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) ENT eos epis ER EST etiol ETOH ex exam F FA FB FBS FDA ff FH FHR fib FROM FS FTSG FUO Fx g GB GC glu gr. gonococcal glucose pregnant MD0010 C-7 . and throat eosinophil episotomy emergency room electroshock therapy etiology ethyl alcohol excision examine Fahrenheit fluorescent antibody foreign body fasting blood sugar Food & Drug Administration force fluids family history fetal heart rate fibrillation full range of motion frozen section full thickness skin graft fever of unknown or undetermined origin fracture gram(s) gallbladder gonococcus. grav ear. nose.

drops genitourinary gynecology hydrogen water hemagglutinating antigens hemagglutinating-inhibiting antibody hemoglobin high blood pressure hematocrit hypertensive cardiovascular disease at bedtime head. GS gt. eyes. Grav II 1 pregnancy. etc. ears. Gyn H H20 HA HAI Hb. Hgb HBP Hct HCVD hd HEENT Hgb. Hb HGH HLH hn H&P HPI HR HVD Hx IH IHD IM I&O General Surgery drop. 2 pregnancies. nose. and throat hemoglobin human (pituitary) growth hormone Human lutenizing hormone tonight history and physical history of present illness heart rate hypertensive vascular disease history infectious hepatitis ischemic heart disease intramuscular (injection) intake and output MD0010 C-8 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) Grav I. gtt GU GYN.

secondary. and bladder Kirshner wire left bundle branch block lethal dose luteinizing hormone length of stay lumbar.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) IOP IQ IV jej K kg KUB K-wire LBBB LD LH LOS LP L-S LTF Lues I. II. second sound methylene blue mean blood pressure muscular dystrophy minimum daily requirement middle ear milligram millimicrogram menstrual. puncture lumbosacral lipotrophic factor primary. or military history MD0010 C-9 . tertiary syphilis left ventricular Licensed Vocational Nurse meter mitral first. marital. III LV LVN M M1 M2 MB MBP MD MDR ME mg mg MH intraocular pressure intelligence quotient intravenous (injection) jejunum potassium kilogram kidney. ureter.

mR MS MV N NA NaPent NB NBS NC N/C ND NDF NE neg NIH NKA NOR. Noradr NP NPH npo NR nr NS milliliters of mercury myocardial infarction milliliter Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory metabolic rate milloroentgen multiple sclerosis mitral valve normal (concentration) Nursing Assistant sodium Pentothal newborn normal bowel sounds noncontributory no complaint normal delivery no disease found norepinephrine negative National Institutes of Health no known allergies noradrenaline neuropsychiatric no previous history nothing by mouth normal range not to be repeated nervous system MD0010 C-10 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) mHg MI ml MMPI MR mr.

etc. on OPC OPD ophth OR Orth OS. Physician's Assistant percussion and auscultation para-aminobenzoic acid Papanicolaou's test parous pathology MD0010 C-11 . oh omn noct. para 2.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) NSA NSR O OB OBD OB-GYN OHD OL. PA P&A PAB. OS omn bih omn hor. p2. PABA Pap test Para path no significant abnormality normal sinus rhythm eye obstetrics organic brain disease obstetrics and gynecology organic heart disease left eye every two hours every hour every night outpatient clinic outpatient department ophthalmology operating room orthopedics left eye occupational therapy each eye phosphorus proximal one-third (long bones) para 1. OL OT OU P P/3 p1. etc.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) PB-Fe PBI pc PCV PDA PDR PE Ped PEG PGH PH Phe phys PI PID Pit PKA PM PMH PMS PNa PO. physician present illness pelvic inflammatory disease Pitocin prokininogenase post mortem past medical history post-menopausal syndrome plasma sodium postoperative by mouth. PO PP PPB protein-bound iron protein-bound iodine after meals packed cell volume patent ductus arteriosus Physician's Desk Reference physical examination pediatrics pneumoencephalography pituitary growth hormone past history phenylalanine physical. postop po PO2 pos postop. orally oxygen tension positive postoperative post partum positive pressure breathing MD0010 C-12 .

q3h.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) pr prog ps psi Psy PT pt PTA PULHES PULHESPVC PVD pvt qd qh q2h. four times a day every night quantity not sufficient as much as you please right roentgen ribosomal ribonucleic acid MD0010 C-13 . every 3 hours. qid qn QNS qv R r RNA per rectum prognosis per second pounds per square inch psychiatry. etc. psychology physical therapy patient prior to admission physical profile factors: physical capacity or stamina upper extremities lower extremities hearing and ears eyes psychiatric premature ventricular contractions peripheral vascular disease private every day every hour every 2 hours. etc.

SA node rheumatoid arthritis radium radioactive iodine uptake right atrial pressure reticular activating system right bundle branch block red blood cells or corpuscles respiratory disease.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) RA Ra RAIU RAP RAS RBBB RBC RD RDS rehab RES RHD RHF RN RNA RO R/O ROM ROS RR R&R RT RTC RUE RUQ S S-1 to S-5 S-A. retinal detachment respiratory distress syndrome rehabilitation reticuloendothelial system rheumatic heart disease right heart failure Registered Nurse ribonucleic acid routine order rule out range of motion review of systems recovery room rate and rhythm reaction time return to clinic right upper extremity right upper quadrant left sacral vertebrae or nerves sino-atrial node MD0010 C-14 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) SAA SB SBE SB test SC SCD SCM SD SDS SEM SF sg SH SI sib SIW SM SMA SN SNS SO SOAP SOAPSOB S-O-R Stokes-Adams attacks stillborn subacute bacterial endocarditis Stanford-Binet test subcutaneous service connected disability sternocleidomastoid standard deviation sudden death syndrome standard error of the mean spinal fluid specific gravity serum hepatitis seriously ill sibling self-inflicted wound systolic murmur superior mesenteric artery student nurse sympathetic nervous system salpingo-oophorectomy progress note format for POMR subjective objective assessment plans shortness of breath stimulus-organism-response MD0010 C-15 .

living child total blood volume to be taken 3 times a day total fatty acids thyroid hormone three times a day tubal ligation tympanic membrane too numerous to count tubo-ovarian abscess tetanus toxoid thyrotropic hormone upper third (long bones) urinalysis MD0010 C-16 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) SQ staph stat STH Strep STSG sup SVC sx Sz T T&A TAH TB. symptoms schizophrenia Temperature tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy total abdominal hysterectomy tuberculosis term birth. TBC TBLC TBV tds TFA TH tid TL TM TNTC TOA TT TTH U/3 UA subcutaneous staphylococcus immediately and once only somatotropic (growth) hormone streptococcus split thickness skin graft superior superior vena cava signs.

VHD VIG vit VO VP VPC VRI VS WAIS upper extremity upper gastrointestinal upper left quadrant unknown upper quadrant unconditioned response upper respiratory infection urology. urological upper right quadrant United States Public Health Service urinary tract infection ultraviolet Volume Veterans Administration vaginal venous blood pressure vital capacity venereal disease venereal disease-gonorrhea valvular disease of the heart vaccinia immune serum globulin vitamin verbal order venous pressure volume of packed red cells viral or virus respiratory infection vital sign Wechsler adult intelligence scale MD0010 C-17 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) UE UGI ULQ unk UQ UR URI urol URQ USPHS UTI UV V VA vag VBP VC VD VDG VDH.

well-nourished black male well-developed. well-nourished white male World Health Organization wounded in action Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children (test) week within normal limits Wassermann reaction weight times year of birth MD0010 C-18 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) WB WBC WCC wd WD/WN/BF WD/WN/BM WD/WN/WF WD/WN/WM WHO WIA WISC wk WNL WR wt X YOB whole blood white blood cell white cell count ward well-developed. well-nourished white female well-developed. well-nourished black female well-developed.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) MD0010 C-19 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) MD0010 C-20 .

Name/Rank SSN Address E-mail Address Telephone number (DSN) MOS/AOC USES: To locate and make necessary change to student records. if necessary. Texas 78234-6130 . AND PARAGRAPH/EXERCISE/EXAMINATION ITEM NUMBER. FOR A WRITTEN REPLY. paragraph error correction 3. WRITE A SEPARATE LETTER AND INCLUDE SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL Fort Sam Houston.COMMENT SHEET SUBCOURSE MD0010 Basic Medical Terminology EDITION 100 Your comments about this subcourse are valuable and aid the writers in refining the subcourse and making it more usable.) 1.S. SUBCOURSE NUMBER AND EDITION. if possible). DISCLOSURE: U. ENCLOSE THIS FORM (OR A COPY) WITH YOUR ANSWER SHEET ONLY IF YOU HAVE COMMENTS ABOUT THIS SUBCOURSE. Failure to submit SSN will prevent subcourse authors at service school from accessing student records and responding to inquiries requiring such follow-ups. Please enter your comments in the space provided. PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING ITEMS: (Use the reverse side of this sheet. Student Information (optional) PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT (AUTHORITY: 10USC3012(B) AND (G)) PURPOSE: To provide Army Correspondence Course Program students a means to submit inquiries and comments. 4. VOLUNTARY. List any terms that were not defined properly. 2.. List any errors. List any suggestions you have to improve this subcourse. RETURN ADDRESS (and e-mail address.

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