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Common Core State Standards Initiative

Preparing for 2014: A Fundamental Shift Toward College and Career Readiness as the Focus of K-12 Education

The Current Framework of Education Reform
Nationwide Education Reform Initiatives
1. Common Content Standards for College and Career Readiness 2. Common Core of K-12 State Content Standards 3. Common State Academic Achievement Assessments 4. Common College & Career Readiness Performance Expectations

Common College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS) ‡ A set of content standards for English Language Arts (ELA) and Mathematics ‡ Represents what students should know and be able to do in ELA and math in order to succeed in college directly out of high school

Common College and Career Readiness Standards ‡ Development led by nationally respected organizations
± Achieve ± Council of Chief State School Officers ± National Governors Association ± ACT ± Educational Testing Service (ETS) ± College Board

Common College and Career Readiness Standards
‡ Development process
± Supported by 48 states + D.C. (including Michigan) ± Reviewed and commented on by states and by many professional associations ± Public review ± Feedback incorporated into the standards ± CCSS are expected endpoints of K-12 education

Next Steps for CCCSS
‡ Vertically ³articulate´ downward from college and career readiness standards
± Build in a logical learning progressions ± Focus on developmental appropriateness

‡ Mantra = ³fewer, clearer, higher´

Common State Achievement Assessments
‡ A Balanced Assessment System
± Summative Assessments (end of year) ± Interim Assessments (throughout the year for tracking student progress) ± Formative Assessment processes and tools (for tracking daily student learning)

‡ An Adaptive Assessment System
± Adapts the difficulty of the tests to the achievement level of the students ± Results generally in shorter tests

Common State Achievement Assessments
‡ A Multi-Mode Assessment System
± ± ± ± ± ± Multiple Choice Short Answer Essay Technology Enhanced Items (e.g. simulations, tools) Performance Events (short projects) Performance Tasks (long projects)

‡ An Online Assessment System
± Results returned quickly (within hours or days depending on the type of task included) ± First online operational assessment: 2014 ± Paper and pencil offered the first few years ± Hope to be paperless (except for accommodations) by 2017

‡ Initial Implementation in 2014-15

Smarter/Balanced Consortium Purpose/Product Schematic

Common College and Career Readiness Performance Expectations ‡ Cut Scores ±College and Career Ready for grade 11 ±On track to college and career ready in lower grades

Common College and Career Readiness Performance Expectations ‡ This means considerable changes
± Current Cut Scores (or performance expectations) ± Enhanced Cut Scores
‡ Need to redefine basic high school skills to mean students are ready for success in post-secondary without remediation by the end of K-12 education ‡ Need to redefine basic elementary and middle schools skills to mean students are on track to becoming college and career ready by the end of K-12 education

Common College and Career Readiness Performance Expectations
‡ This means considerable changes
± Will result in temporary drops in percent proficient
‡ E.g. New York and Tennessee ‡ Some schools saw drops as large as 60% ‡ Most schools saw smaller, but still significant, drops

± A new focus for K-12 education in Michigan: college and career readiness as the ultimate goal ± Will likely happen in 2014-15 with the first implementation of the new common assessments, if not earlier

What is College and Career Ready?
‡ Defined as
± Really means ready for post-secondary technical job training. ± National Assessment Governing Board is currently designing a good study. Smarter/Balanced will likely adopt or adapt that methodology.

College Ready
‡ Prediction can result in an unreasonably high target. ‡ Is college and career readiness an achievable goal?
± When rigorous content is aligned and expected, students do better.

‡ ACT college ready benchmarks are a good starting point.

College Ready
‡ Across all community colleges and universities in all states in the consortium
± How different are cut scores across states? ± How different are cut scores across universities versus community colleges? ± How different are cut scores for open enrollment versus selective versus elite universities? ± How different are cut scores for states with existing content standards similar to the CCSS versus those for whom the CCSS is a total rewrite of standards?

Why?
‡ Across the nation
± Approximately 40-70 percent of new community college students are placed in remedial courses ± Is this all the fault of colleges? ± Is this all the fault of K-12 education? ± Is this a combination?

GRADE 4/NAEP
‡ Sam can purchase his lunch at school. Each day he wants to have juice that costs 50¢, a sandwich that costs 90¢, and fruit that costs 35¢. His mother has only $1.00 bills. What is the least number of $1.00 bills that his mother should give him so he will have enough money to buy lunch for 5 days?

GRADE 4/NAEP

RELEASED GRADE 4/WRITING
Situation: ‡ The local newspaper is having a Good Friend contest. To enter your friend, you must think of an event in your life when your friend did something with you or for you that showed what a terrific friend he or she is.

GRADE 4
Writing Task: ‡ Select your friend. (Remember, a friend could be a child your age or a grownup.) Choose an event that shows how your friend is a good friend to you. Write a letter to the newspaper that tells about that event so that people will know why your friend deserves to win.

GRADE 7
Situation:
‡ Not only do games have rules, but there are also rules of respect and safety at home and at school. These rules help everyone understand what to do, how and when to do the activities, and how to be safe. Think of a time that you needed to know the rules for an activity. What happened? Why were the rules important? Could someone else learn from your experience? Your school newspaper is running a series of first-person articles about lessons students have learned.

GRADE 7
Writing Task: ‡ In an article for your school newspaper, tell about a time when knowing the rules was important.

RELEASED ITEMS
Resources: ‡ State released items ‡ NAEP ‡ Depth of Knowledge Levels 3 & 4 ‡ Assessment Kits