3.4 Lifting Points

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The effect of lifting points on deck design is considerable. For example the local forces that act on the lifting points (Figure 5) have to be transmitted safely through to the deck structure.

There are two types of lifting points, trunnions and padeye, Figure 6.


Padeyes generally provide a good opportunity to minimize or eliminate offset. though favourable from other points of view. It is most efficient to leave these bending moments in the column. can generate considerable offset of the sling force with respect to the topdeck system points.ESDEP LECTURE NOTE [WG15A] Pagina 2 di 2 Trunnions.uni-lj. Significant bending is generated which is transferred to the topdeck girders to the extent that they contribute to joint stiffness. as far as they can be situated on top of the column. http://www.htm 06/10/2011 . For this reason the lifting concept must be developed in the concept phase of the structural development. The requirement of recessed padeyes (recessed padeyes are those which are positioned between the top and bottom flange elevation) or the presence of other structures on the top deck can lead to very eccentric positioning and resulting heavy moments. see Section 4. API-RP2A [1] requires larger load factors to be used for members direct-loaded by padeyes or by providing stiff columns.

padeyes or trunnions. nowadays these devices are sometimes made of cast steel. as shown in Figure 12.d) tE) fy N3 = 0. are known.ESDEP LECTURE NOTE [WG15A] Pagina 1 di 2 Special provisions are necessary for lifting the modules. Strength of padeyes is often assessed by means of "Lloyds" formulae.fgg.htm 06/10/2011 .87 d (tL + 2 tE) fy http://www.08 (c tL + (D .si/kmk/esdep/master/wg15a/l1200. for example. The SWL is the least of the following values of Ni: N1 = 0.60 (a tL + 2 b tE) fy N2 = 1. and the lifting method. which are presented in the SWL (safe working load) format.uni-lj. It is important that these lifting devices are designed in such a way that they can be connected to the deck structure at a later stage when the precise location of the centre of gravity of the module. can be provided for this purpose.

05 http://www.uni-lj.0 ≤ 1.fgg.0 l then put tL + 2 tE = d in the above formulae. l l tE not to exceed tL/2 dHOLE/dPIN ≤ ≤ and if ≤ 8.ESDEP LECTURE NOTE [WG15A] where the following limitations apply: Pagina 2 di 2 l 1.htm 06/10/2011 .

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