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(General University Vs Technical University)
Er. Satya Narayan Shahi
B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering (India) MS (Manufacturing Engineering & Management (UK) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com 16, August 2009
The Finance Minister in his Budget Program of F/Y 2066/067 has announced to establish Rajarshi Janak University this year. This is certainly a good message for all the people who were very anxiously waiting for this action. This is not that the government has shown its interest first time. The Government started showing its interest on the request of people of Janakpur region through formation of a Task force under the chairmanship of the then Minister Mr. Mahanth Thakur on 8/5/2055 to study and submit a report to the government on the establishment, organization, operation of the proposed University. The formation of the above Task Force is the result of the people’s request to the Government. It is well known to the entire countrymen that the people of this region have been contributing with their honest and untiring efforts in establishing several institutions to build educated society. Establishments of numerous institutions in this region are the examples. This is a step forward in the field of education to conceptualize need of a University on the occasion of Silver Jubilee Celebration of Ramswaroop Ramsagar Campus (RRC) attended by all the Teaching and nonteaching staffs of the campus, Students, Reputed Local Professionals, Head of the Social Organizations, Local Donors, Social Workers and Community leaders. In the continuity, the 4th District convention of the District Development Council held on 9 -10 Bhadra 2053 anonymously decided to name the University in the name of King Janak as Rajarshi Janak University, Janakpur. The convention also anonymously decided to donate Rs. 100,000/by each Village Development Committee of Dhanusha District to establish the University. The amount such collected was deposited in a fixed account. To move the concept ahead, a Workshop/Seminar was organized under the chairmanship of Mr. Ram Saroj Yadava on Mansir 18, 2053 (December 3, 1996) by DDC, Dhanusha, which was attended by The Ministers of Education Gobind Raj Joshi, all the sitting Ministers of Dhanusha and Mahottary Districts, Deputy Speaker, Members of Parliament from Dhanusha, Mahottary, Rautahat, Sindhuli, Udaypur, Siraha, Okhaldhunga, Presidents of DDCs, and Mayors from Saptary to Parsa Districts along Tarai strip, Representatives of political parties, Educationists,
Professionals, Community Leaders, Social Activists and Local Businessmen and Students. Among the active participants Mr. Bal Gopal Vaidya- Member NPC, Mr. Madhav Raj SharmaRector TU, Dr. Hom Nath Bhatarai- Member Secretary of UGC, Dr. Nar Singh Narayan SinghDirector of NASC and Ex Secretary for Education Ministry, Ex- VCs of TU Mr. Ram Chandra Bdr. Singh, Mr. Mahesh Kumar Upadhyay, and Chairman of Brihat Janakpur Vikas Samiti Mr. MN Nidhi were also present in the workshop. After vigorous discussions, the workshop made two resolutions. (A.) To facilitate and provide higher education, establishment of Rajrshi Janak University at Janakpur is justifiable and every one deserves appreciation for the untiring efforts and strong determination to make this a success. (B) It is indispensable to form a TASK-FORCE to prepare workable MASTER PLAN for the establishment and sustainable operation of the University. Main objective of the workshop was to create an environment for the establishment of the University and seek general consensus from the political leaders, community leaders, educationists, professionals, and other social activists. To activate the concept the District Development Committee of Dhanusha has also formed a University Establishment Cooperation Committee on 15/12/2053 under the chairmanship of Mr. Bimalendra Nidhi, which is still working. The proposed Rajarshi Janak University has been conceptualized to provide general education like existing Universities. The present scenario of this country can not be ignored that there is growing demand of huge numbers of technical professionals in Nepal and abroad. Overseas job opportunities for the Nepalese technical experts are also quite high. Hence, the college education should be revolutionized and relate it to national and international necessities. There should be sufficient facilities and quality teaching for degrees of Engineers, Doctors, Agriculturists, Forest scientists, and other technical manpower. There are all together 12 Medical Colleges, 31 Engineering Colleges, 3 Agriculture & Allied Science Colleges, and 2 Forestry Colleges in operation in Nepal to provide technical education in their respective disciplines. All these colleges are either constituent or affiliated colleges of the existing Universities. The numbers may be sufficient but the most important thing is the quality, which matters a lot. It is very sad to say that some of the Universities are not seen to be able to give proper attention on the evaluation and monitoring of colleges due to lack of resources and sense of accountability. In the time when the world demands specialists, we can not drag with the same old concept. Another issue in the education sector is that the students having eligible aptitude to study technical education find very rare opportunity due to high fees. The state must show its vision whether it wants to produce professionals to serve the societies with reasonable cost or produce business men to earn profit through their services. It is very true that for the social transformation we need educated people but along with that we need quality people too. Quality life begins with quality education, which is possible through clean institutions. Determination, Honesty and Vision with proper mobilization of resources and innovations create clean Institution. Sincere efforts, motivation, dedications and hunger for continuous improvement have no replacement.
For all these, Universities and colleges play vital role where there will be more and better libraries, more and better laboratories, and more and better research institutes. Under it we should have an army of doctors, engineers, agriculturists, forest scientists and other experts who will be real servants of the nation, and answer the varied and growing requirements of people who are becoming increasingly conscious of their rights and wants.
The above reasons are a few of many, which create a demand to establish a Technical University
to start with four types of technical education and to develop curriculum as per the demand of time and have proper monitoring and control to produce the quality professionals; they are Medicine; Engineering; Forestry; Agriculture and Animal Science. This University must have vision to be capable to provide appropriate technical education for producing quality professionals to develop true professionalism for sustainable future. This matter to establish Rajarshi Janak University as Technical University was widely discussed during the workshop. There may be various reasons but the most importantly, we have no Technical University in Nepal and there is great demand for it. Other justifications to establish it at Janakpur are (1) it is located at almost in the middle among the highly populated areas, (2) there are ample possibilities of acquisition of sufficient lands, (3) there are comparatively poor students in this region who are compelled to give up their wish to take up technical education. Thus, to establish the proposed University as Technical University is well justified and for this Local Governments and the donors and Government agencies should have strong and clear memorandum of understanding. Secondly, an act for the proposed university has to be brought by the Government of Nepal and approved by the parliament. The concern universities should easily release the affiliation of the willing institutes/colleges to get affiliation to the newly established technical university. Another most important thing is that the the Government should initiate and support the newly established university to either establish its constituent colleges and faculties or transfer the existing facilities. Without sincere and positive helping attitude of University Grant Commission the establishment of this university will not be possible. Alternatively, as this matter was also raised during NRN Conference at Janakpur in October 2008, a model of Public Private Partnership (PPP) can also be thought of. To go ahead with this idea a joint task force based on PPP should be formed to initiate and promote the further activities of the proposed university.
Mr. Shah was organizing Secretary of the Workshop organized by the DDC and presently he is a Member of University Establishment Cooperation Committee. He is also Member of the Board of Governors of Nepal Engineering Council.
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