Dictionary of Pseudonyms



Dictionary of Sports and Games Terminolog y (2010) Alternate Names of Places: A Worldwide Dictionary (2009) African Placenames: Origins and Meanings of the Names for Natural Features, Towns, Cities, Provinces and Countries, 2d ed. (2008) The Pronunciation of Placenames: A Worldwide Dictionary (2007) Nicknames of Places: Origins and Meanings of the Alternate and Secondary Names, Sobriquets, Titles, Epithets and Slogans for 4600 Places Worldwide (2006) Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features and Historic Sites, 2d ed. (2006) Placenames of France: Over 4,000 Towns, Villages, Natural Features, Regions and Departments (2004; paperback 2009)

Dictionary of Pseudonyms
13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins

Adrian Room

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Jefferson, North Carolina, and London




Room, Adrian. Dictionary of pseudonyms : 13,000 assumed names and their origins / Adrian Room.— 5th ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-7864-4373-4 illustrated case binding : 50# alkaline paper ¡. Anonyms and pseudonyms. I. Title. Z1041.R66 2010 929.4'03 — dc22 2010021995 British Library cataloguing data are available ©2010 Adrian Room. All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Front cover image ©2010 Eyewire Manufactured in the United States of America

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers Box 6¡¡, Je›erson, North Carolina 28640 www.mcfarlandpub.com

Preface 1 Introduction 3

11 Bibliography 525


This page intentionally left blank

This fifth edition of the Dictionary of Pseudonyms is a substantially revised and enlarged version of the fourth edition, published in 2004. It has more than 2,000 new entries, making a total of approximately 13,000, and an entirely rewritten Introduction. The entries have been updated and in many cases expanded, whether as original text or by way of quoted material, and the cross-references have been substantially increased in number. Any errors detected in the earlier edition have now been corrected, while a number of names formerly lacking an origin have been supplied with one. Otherwise, readers familiar with previous editions will find the mixture as before, with an even wider range of writers, actors, dancers, musicians, entertainers, sports personalities, religious figures, and impostors. Anyone known to have adopted a new name, even by the alteration of a single letter, is included, though it will be seen that most newly assumed names differ noticeably from the original.


This page intentionally left blank

A pseudonym (literally “false name”) is a name that differs from an original orthonym (“true name”), and as popularly understood is a new name that a person assumes for a particular purpose. Common examples are the pen names taken by writers, or the stage names adopted by actors. Well-known examples are the author Lewis Carroll (original name Charles Ludwidge Dodgson) and the actress Marilyn Monroe (original name Norma Jean Mortensen). Pseudonyms are also widely found in the world of music, especially among pop and rock performers. Bob Dylan (originally Robert Zimmerman) and Elton John (Reginald Dwight) are just two of many examples. On a contrasting note, religion has sanctified popes such as Benedict XVI (born Joseph Ratzinger) and holy men and women such as Mother Teresa (Agnes Bojaxhiu), while Italy has nurtured Renaissance artists such as Donatello (Donato de’ Bardi), Giorgione (Giorgio Barbarelli), and Tintoretto ( Jacopo Robusti). Elsewhere, the sphere of sport has its rechristened exponents (boxer and prizefighter Bendigo began life as William Thompson), while in politics Russia and the Soviet Union gave the world Vladimir Lenin (Vladimir Ulyanov), Joseph Stalin (Iosif Dzhugashvili), and Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein). Within most categories, distinct groups and subgroups are discernible. In former times, a number of women writers adopted male names to find a readership for their work. Although now familiar as Charlotte Brontë, the English author made her debut in print as Currer Bell, while her sisters, Ann and Emily, first made themselves known to their readers as Acton Bell and Ellis Bell. Crime writers are famous adopters 3 of pseudonyms. Erle Stanley Gardner wrote bestsellers as A.A. Fair, while Harry Patterson tok the name Jack Higgins. Stage names were regularly taken up by music-hall artists and comedians as well as serious actors. Among them are such as Marie Lloyd (Matilda Wood), Harry Fragson (Léon Fragmann), and Little Tich (Harry Relph), while the domain of dance has graced the international stage with gifted ballerinas such as Beryl Grey (Beryl Groom), Marie Rambert (Myriam Ramberg), and Ninette de Valois (Edris Stannus). Historical figures known by new names include certain Roman emperors, such as Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar), Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus), and Nero (Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus). The first emperor of all, Caesar Augustus, was born Gaius Octavius. Persons prominent in more recent European history include Grigory Rasputin (Grigory Novykh) and Mata Hari (Margarethe Zelle). The latter adopted her name as a dancer, but became better known as a spy. Secret agents often assumed an alias, among them Rudolf Abel (William Fischer) and George Blake (Georgy Behar), while activists such as Cicero (Elyesa Bazna) and Cynthia (Amy Elizabeth Pack) properly bore a code name. This sampling of pseudonyms suffices to illustrate the different forms they can assume. Some are recognizable as typical first-and-lastname combinations, and this is a regularly adopted type, often with a visible relationship between the old and new names or even with one name remaining unchanged. The connection between the former name and adopted name is

and it is not immediately apparent. Björk.” a nickname bestowed when the emperor-to-be ran around camp as a child. In such instances an explanation or etymology is needed. actor Walter Matthau came into the world with the Slavic surname Matuschanskayasky. Matthau was of Jewish parentage. The actress Ethel Merman began life as Ethel Zimmerman. and this is one of the principal aims of the dictionary. Rihanna. A change in form or spelling of an original name is frequently made on pragmatic grounds. Louise. Mata Hari is another wellknown example. Jr. Jr. who was exclusively billed under this name rather than his birth name. The same goes for the many musical performers nicknamed “Big. and Yazz. as Beyoncé. as a creation that is half-nickname (“Little” for his small stature). Loughead. however.S. They include Jak (Raymond Jackson). whose friendly-sounding surname serves essentially as a nickname. Shannon.” Nicknames play an important role in the creation of pseudonyms. Jiles Perry Richardson. Cher. Charlene. Madonna (who may have boosted the mode). Like all pseudonyms. Conversely. or that his assumed last name was devised from his given first name. Following in his footsteps are a number of modern cartoonists. Alterations of this kind were often . from a Malay word meaning “sun. Caracalla was so dubbed for a type of cloak he designed. At the other end of the spectrum are names that bear no resemblance to a conventional name at all. and many Jewish names were anglicized when their bearers left their European homeland to settle in the United States or elsewhere. Sade. there are many cases where a new if conventional-looking pseudonym may differ completely from the bearer’s birth name. Ninette de Valois is a case in point. CéU also really belongs here. The U.S. half-adoption (and truncation) of a surname (Tichborne). while the star dancer Fred Astaire originally bore the German surname Austerlitz. A person is given a nickname and adopts it. The criterion is usually whether the person becomes mainly or solely known by the adopted nickname or not. nicknames can be in any language. and Alan Kniberg became Alan King. and Duffy. U. adopting their respective nicknames. JoJo. Herbert Feuermann became Bert Firman. Tiffany. or a form of it. and Marc (Mark Boxer). including the two quoted above for Roman emperors. Bella Becker became Belle Baker. Little Tich is such a name.” such as Big Bopper. aircraft designer Malcolm Lockheed thus respelled his original Scottish surname.S. The distinction between an adopted nickname and an adopted new name can be very fine. Melanie. A quite different stratum of single names comprises the many female pop singers who perform under their first name. The photographerWols (Alfred Schulze) came by his name when his surname was misspelled in a telegram. although the name is not her first name. and a drastic pruning was an obvious solution.Introduction not always obvious. pool player Minnsota Fats is generally known by his nickname rather than his original formal name. Thus Hardy Albrecht became Hardie Albright. Soraya. Low (David Low). The painter Giorgione already mentioned thus came to be known by a name amounting to “Big George.) Single-word pseudonyms are fairly fre- 4 quently found.” derived from his given name. or becomes so widely known by it that it replaces the original name. Thus the U. to ensure its correct pronunciation. (Two millennia later his Latin name was adopted in its English version by pop singer Little Boots. Rudolf Walter Wanderone. while the anglicization or simplification of a non–English name is an equally popular resort. Camille. The adopted name may be simply an original first name or surname. born Victoria Hesketh. Sinitta. while Caligula was given a name meaning “little boots. from a Latin word of Gaulish origin. for example. that Lewis Carroll’s new first name was created from his original middle name. who intentionally choose a short name as a signature. as do Dana and Lulu. Shakira. Millie. Jewel. Cartoonists are not alone in shortening their names for practical purposes.

certain surnames have gained particular popularity. thus took his father’s middle name as his new surname. Such was the alliterative Peter Parley. A similar adoption Introduction may originate elsewhere in the family. for example. The Hungarian church leader József Mindszenty (born József Pehm) took his new name from his native village of Mindszent while four centuries earlier the Austrian astronomer known as Rhäticus (originally Georg Joachim von Lauchen) came to be known by the name of his native district of Rhaetia. This type of name is evident among a number of artists. Gospel Fish. and reserved different names for distinct genres.S. and Veronese (Paolo Caliari). A famous example is (or are) William and Robert Whistlecraft. named for the village of his birth. first assumed by the U. not his nationality. including westerns. where the photographer who became known as Weegee had his original name of Usher changed to Arthur. Some of the more unconventional and colorful names are those adopted as recording names by Jamaican musicians. while the father of actress Anne Bancroft had his name noted as Italiano. such as the Italians Pontormo (Jacopo Carucci). The present dictionary notes more than 30 instances of Gray. easy to write. Spragga Benz. Many adopters of pen names or stage names assumed their mother’s maiden name. famed under the name of his native city of Verona. Examples range from actress Maude Adams (Maude Kiskadden) to singer Katy Perry (Katheryn Hudson). so becoming Mel Lewis.” meaning God. In some cases the adopter already bore his or her mother’s maiden name as their middle name. Shabba Ranks. easy to say. especially when a member of the same family. for Creasey produced fiction other than thrillers. and especially reggae artists. Kool Herc. Eek a Mouse. a double name assumed by the single writer John Hookham Frere. and Smiley Culture. Caroline Lewis (intentionally suggesting Lewis Carroll) was the joint name adopted by three English writers.5 made in an arbitrary fashion by immigration officials at Ellis Island. There are instances when a single pseudonym does duty for more than one person. born Henry Carter. They include Chicken Chest. but the assumption of a person’s real name may be intended as nothing more sinister than a tribute to the individual concerned. The opposite can also sometimes occur. which made the transition even more straightforward. The engraver and publisher Frank Leslie. writer Helen Campbell (Helen Weeks) to novelist Elizabeth Garner (Elma Napier). The adoption of another’s pseudonym borders on plagiarism. while Jonathan Swift published Gulliver’s Travels as if he actually was . The latter resulted from a misunderstanding. as he was being asked for his name. who authored more than five hundred books under some twenty pen names. romantic novels. not simply a different name. when a multiple name is borne by a single person. while jazz musician Melvin Sokoloff took his brother’s first name as his new surname. Some Jamaican names are prefixed with “Jah. Washington Irving thus took on the character of a Dutch author named Diedrich Knickerbocker for his famous History of New York. This was not simply a desire for diversity. and publish a work in the guise of that persona. and children’s stories. This may be because it is simply an agreeable name: easy to spell. Honey Boy. A writer may sometimes assume a persona. The converse of this is a name that although relatively unremarkable in itself came to be adopted by more than one person. while others have “Prince” as the first element. A famous example is the English thriller writer John Creasey. The English painter Hercules Brabazon (Hercules Brabazon Sharpe) is just one instance of several. In the field of “regular” pseudonyms. including Gordon Ashe and Kyle Hunt. bookseller Samuel Goodrich but later taken up by dozens of other writers imitating his style. Such names are an insight into Jamaican popular culture. The adoption of a placename is also not uncommon. Multiple names of a more conventional sort are the many names assumed by a single person.

Ronaldinho. husband of his first cousin. while the esoteric arena of sumo wrestling includes such warriors as Akebono. originally Geoffrey Robinson.Introduction Lemuel Gulliver. but on inheritng the estate of Francis Barrington. The football names are largely nicknames. Chiyonofuji. Many name changes. cases are on record of women who have joined the army under male guise and name. aged 58. In the somewhat specialized world of Brazilian football. Lady Colin Campbell. and it is remarkable that the impostures succeeded as long as they did. His is just one example of a man’s adoption of his wife’s name. who took the name Martin Guerre. as is conventionally more common. whether or not it involved a surgical “reassignment. who accepted him as her long-lost husband and bore him two children. A foreword to the work gave a brief biography of the lady author and its frontispiece depicted her portrait. for example. Examples of such names are . born Robert Glynn. while another was Deborah Sampson. adopted the name of the bequeather. that of a soldier who had disappeared and was presumed dead. for example. and Brandon Teena (Teena Brandon). newspaper editor Geoffrey Dawson. Christine Jorgensen (George Jorgensen). a term dating from the days when the document had one edge polled (cut even) rather than being indented. Mary Anne Talbot was one such. who donned male dress and enlisted in the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment as Robert Shurtleff. are confirmed by the legal process known as a deed poll. while the sumo pseudonyms are meaningful Japanese fighting names. Such adventures or enterprises of course risked exposure at any time. Roberta Close (Roberto Moreira). is that of transexuals who changed their name on assuming their new gender. One pseudonymous sportsman has already been instanced. was born John Shute. Juninho. while the philanthropist Angela Burdett-Coutts added the name Coutts to her original name on inheriting her grandfather’s fortune. The French writer Prosper Mérimée went even further in this direction when he published Le Théâtre de Clara Gazul under the female name of Clara Gazul. writing under her married name. as when the physician Robert Clobery. A related category. and described himself in the novel’s full title as “first a Surgeon. Jaïrzinho. Ronaldo. On similar lines.” The original edition even had a portrait of the fictional author. The politician John Barrington. Daijuyama.” Male-to-female conversions include April Ashley (born George Jamieson). Elsewhere in the world of foreign names a distinctive subgroup is formed by the Russianstyle names assumes by dancers. joining the English military as John Taylor. Kokutenyu. Tostão. posed for by the young writer. among others. A bequest of this kind may well tie directly in with a marriage. Marcel Moore (Suzanne Malherbe). In a number of cases a new name is gained 6 as a condition of a bequest. Lucy Clobery. Hananokuni. whether resulting from an inheritance or not. and took her name on inheriting a property from her father. and Krishima. the latter neatly switching names to denote her new gender. Hananoumi. Kaká. one finds Didi. as was more usual. and at one time it was common for ballet dancers to russify their original name wherever possible. Female-tomale conversions include Claude Cahun (Lucie Schwob). Pelé. and Vavá. and then a Captain of several Ships. Russia is traditionally regarded as the home and mainspring of ballet. Jorginho. but there are significant nests of others worth singling out. such as the 16th-century Frenchman Arnault du Tilh. and in this persona formed a relationship with the latter’s wife. changed his name by royal license following an inheritance from his aunt Margaret Jane Dawson. rather than that of a woman who takes or adds her husband’s name on marriage. was misdiagnosed male at birth and so was christened George William Ziadie. and Renee Richards (Richard Rasking). Fujinoshin. Such trickery also gave the name of more serious impostors. married his cousin. though hardly impostors. In similar fashion. Asahifuji. Debra Bowring (Peter Compton). Garrincha.

no one can pronounce it — but no one will forget it. Lesbia Cidonia. Vera Fredowa. 94]. she was asked how she intended to preserve her distinct identity. Her reply: “What do people want me to do? Change my name? I think my Dad would be upset if I did. “Would anyone in his right mind change it to Cloris Leachman?” [Andersen. they said: ‘No wonder — she wants to change her name!’” [Sachs and Morgan. appeared with her father in the 1988 movie The Deceivers. • U. • As a child.S. 1988].K. so I kept it” [J. If a name says something about a person. Ferbruary 14–20. and that I was used to it now and I wasn’t going to change it” [J. and I am pleased now I was frightened into keeping it” [TV Times. who pronounces her name “Chewka”: “I was too scared to change my name. Sonia Arova. Hilda Butsova. The fashioning of such names is no longer common. a sprint-hurdler or a gum-chewing bully at school. p. Aglauro Cidonia. actress Frances Cuka (1936–) told her ballerina aunt that she wanted to go on stage under the name “Gloria La Raine.F. “I was Cuka. p. In an industry where changing your name is as routine as changing your socks these things matter. theatrical name. Corilla Olimpica. daughter of Peter Fonda (1942–) and granddaughter of Henry Fonda (1905–1982). which included such classically pastoral poets as Eulibio Berentiatico. although one journalist feels she should have: “There is something about the name Sandra Bullock that just isn’t Hollywood. phoney. when interviewers expressed doubts about it. then Sandra Bullock could be an installation artist.F.S. August 1. whose last two words gave the title of “Arcadian Shepherdess.” In areas of activity where the adoption of a pseudonym is common. and Alicia Markova. especially if unusual.7 those of Harcourt Algeranoff. even a real name. Finally. When my husband told his family he was marrying me. Clarke.” said U. • When a Hollywod executive wanted to change the name of Jack Lemmon (1925–2001) to “Lennon. A variant was created by Maria Antonia Walpurgis. a curious nucleus of Italian names is found among members of the 18th-century literary circle known as the Academy of Arcadia. Fidalma Partenide. has often been tempted to change her name since childhood. actress Bridget Fonda (1964–).K. Glaucilla Eurotea. • “Of course it’s my real name.” Said Frances. Tirsi Leucasio. 247]. as if I . 250]. No one can spell it. p. Electress of Saxony. there are always those who resolutely refuse to adopt a stage name. Anton Dolin. who came to be known as ETPA.S. may be wrongly taken as a stage name. • U.” “What’s wrong with Cuka?” retorted Introduction the aunt. September 25. • U. In such areas. Princess of Bavaria. an acronym of her Arcadian name. movie actor Bradford Dillman (1930–) commented: “Bradford Dillman sounded like a distinguished. TV star Cloris Leachman (1926–). 250]. such as the theater. daughter of Australian actor Keith Michell (1926–).” the movie actor replied: “I told him it had taken most of my life to get used to the traumatic effects of beng called Jack U. Lemmon. 1994]. when her father divorced her mother. Margareta Krasnova. It lacks the delicate beauty of a Michelle Pfeiffer. Here are some examples: • U. the takeno-prisoners hit of a Jamie Lee Curtis or the languorous sexiness of a Kim Basinger.S. radio and TV presenter Gloria Hunniford (1940–) has said: “A lot of people think it’s a stage name but it isn’t. But a Hollywood starlet? Surely not” [Sasha Miller in Sunday Times Magazine. • When Helena Michell (1961–). It sounds grimly ordinary. She acknowledges that bearing this particular name has problems: “I did consider changing my name but it does no good to run away and I am part of the Fonda family” [The Times. your aunt Eileen acted under the name Cuka. Ermelinda Talea Pastorella Arcada. movie actress Sandra Bullock (1966–) has resolutely refused to change her name. U. and Eterio Stinfalico. Clarke. 1987]. p. plain and tough. Comante Eginetico. Lydia Sokolova actually adopted the name of an earlier Russian dancer.

for Brother Adam see Adam. saying: “You like the voice.” Instead. see below). playwright Timberlake Wertenbaker (1945–) found that critics reacted with suspicion to her name. in which case the source of the quote is invariably given.S. as “[Marble. Fields and Figaro. for Brother Antoninus see Antoninus. p. Thus 50 Cent comes between W. 594]. 2. He kept this name until it was pointed out to him that his real name was much more musical. Abbreviations such as “St. at the age of 22. TV comedian and presenter Bob Monkhouse (1928–2003) said of his name: “Americans never get it right. The Times means the London newspaper.” (Saint) and “Dr. 8 1. as Arrangement of Entries The entries run in alphabetical order and comprise two or more elements. April 6. her first name being a former family surname [Sunday Times.S. 3. as follows. p. with year of publication for books and date of publication for items from the press.S. 2.” “playwright. for distinction from a movie actor. Yet it is her real name. was a singing waiter in New Jersey under the name Frank Trent. The clerk.” while a stage actor is usually indicated as such. 1986].” on the other hand. • U.” “movie actor. seeing it as some sort of anagram. 2002]. e. are not enclosed in brackets.C.. when she first went on stage. The type of writer may be specified. Wherever possible. • Popular singer Frank Sinatra (1915– 1998). Times Literary Suplement. (With regard to the latter.” “Sister. either as a straightforward account or by means of a quotation. for Brother Daniel see Daniel.181]” in the entry for Adair Aldon. October 22– 28. followed by his or her birth and (if appropriate) death dates. p.g. actress and singer Barbra (originally Barbara) Streisand (1942–) and actor Dustin Hoffman (1937–) were just two of the 1960s generation of Hollywood stars who refused to change their names [Charles Derry in Vinson. Religious titles such as “Father. printed in bold. People like Ted Ray and Lulu had it right” [Sachs and Morgan. • U. e.” “Kid. etc. reaplied: “Madam. • Anglo–U. .” (Doctor) are treated similarly.) Sources given by author name only refer to titles listed in the Bibliography with page number.. on learing her name. nor are words that are military ranks or nicknames such as “Captain. often consisting of more than one word. The person’s real name.” “politician. For names beginning thus. movie actress Sydne Rome (1951–) once inquired at an airport whether she should stop off in Nice. • South African actress Janet Suzman (1939–). as “novelist. June 3.g. Titles such as “Sir” precede the name in square brackets (as for [Sir] Algernon Methuen) unless they are assumed as part of the name itself (as for Sir Charles Morell). 1996. nationality (for the abbreviations used.” and the like. adamantly refused to accede to suggestions that she change her name because it was too “foreign. but if the person lived before the motion-picture era. These two elements are the mimimum present in all entries. • U. they always call me Mongoose. 1979]. she sent a telegram to the theater director: “Imperative remain Suzman” [TV Times.K. The Times. “actor” will mean stage actor. you take the name” [1. and a descriptive label such as “writer.Introduction were ashamed of it” [TV Times. see the next word. an origin of the pseudonym or assumed name then follows. 199]. December 6.: Brother . From then on he firmly refused to adopt a new name. The name itself. If I’d had my wits about me I would have changed it at the start. March 1. 1976]. Where two or more authors share a name. The few examples of numeral names are located where the name would fall if spelled out.” Such terms have their own entries as a guide to the alphabetical location of the name they precede. This is often a surname but may be a single name or some kind of unconventional name. 1988]. April 9. I think you would do well to transfer to Qantas” [Telegraph Sunday Magazine.

: Ukrainian U. and this appears in bold even though not so printed in the original text.: Indian Ir. Names mentioned in an entry that have their own individual entries are printed in bold.: Turkish U.F.: Belgian Br.A. as Fisher 1976. circa (Latin): “about” (used with dates) DJ: disk jockey fl.: French Ger. floruit (Latin): “flourished” (used when exact dates are not known) ibid.Z.: Japanese Norw.: English Finn. (Some examples of the treatment occur in the selection of real names above. 4.) Indevitably.: Australian Belg.K. Where two titles were published by the same author(s) in a single year.: Russian S. and there may be more than one quotation. (short for Latin ibidem): “in the same place” (used in quotations to refer to a source already named) p.: Dutch Eng.: United States Introduction Abbreviations The following abbreviations are used for the nationalities or provenance of the subjects of the entries.: Swedish Turk. they are distinguished as I and II. some names attract a longer etymology than others.: Finnish A few standard abbreviations are also used generally.: New Zealand Pol.: Hungarian Ind.: Scottish Sp.: German Gk. There are a number of cross-entries in the book in the format: Philip Owen see Hugh Pentecost Fr.: Canadian Chin.9 Donald Clarke and J. Thus the entry for Susan Hayward has a quotation that includes the name of Rita Hayworth. Clarke.: Chinese Cz.: Spanish Swe.: Romanian Russ.: Portuguese Rom.: South African Sc.: Czech Dan. they are distinguished by their first name or initials.S. This even applies to names occurring in a quotation.: Bulgarian Can.: volume . such as: c. the relevant year of publication is added.: British Bulg. Where a single author published more than one book.: Austrian Austral.: Italian Jap.: Polish Port.: Norwegian N.: Reverend SF : science fiction TV: television vol.: United Kingdom Ukr.: Greek Hung.: Danish Du. Austr. as Sachs and Morgan II.: page R&B: rhythm and blues Rev.: Irish It.

This page intentionally left blank .

S. movie actress. Los Angeles. author. A name presumably based on the comedian’s real name.S. movie comedian. bandleader.” Aleksandr Abasheli: Aleksandr Vissarionovich Chochiya (1884–1954). Abbot added an extra “l” to his family name while attending Bowdoin College. Aaliyah: Aaliyah Dana Haughton (1979– 2001). educator. Francesco Abati: William Winwood Reade (1838–1875). Dan.S.THE DICTIONARY A. Nadir and John Hamilton.S. Bud Abbott: William A. although at one time he also had a pop band called The Black Abbots. Arabic for “sublime. U. Russ. U. TV actor. Eng. when at the University of California. Jr.S. Ahmed Abdullah: Leroy Bland (1946–). Russ Abbot: Russell Allan Roberts (1947–). Many of his brothers did likewise. novelist.S. Ger.” Some sources give Abel’s birthplace as a town on the Volga and his original name as Alexander Ivanovich Belov.A. black basketball player. A hint of “abracadabra. U. Rudolf Abel: William August Fischer (1903– 1971). Eng. playwright. black R&B singer. used this name for his novel See Saw (1865). cult leader.” after World War I as a result of visits made before the war to the east. black jazz musician. Abdullah ibn Buhaina: Art Blakey (1919– 1990). music-hall singer. Timms adopted his Muslim name in the 1950s.S. The founder of the Grail Movement assumed his quasi–Arabic name. U. TV comedian.-born Russ. U. poet. Anthony Abbot: Charles Fulton Oursler (1893–1952). Aba-Daba: Carlos Calderón Ramírez (1947–). Jacob Abbott: Jacob Abbot (1803–1879). Abd-ru-shin: Oskar Ernest Bernhardt (1875– 1941). To Gordon 11 . He claimed the name came from a former incarnation when. Ukr.-born Estonian composer.S. Abe Kobo: Abe Kimifusa (1924–1993). teaming with Lou Costello.S. working in U. Brunswick. The writer. movie actor. (1947–). Achmed Abdullah: Alexander Nicholayevitch Romanoff (Aleksandr Nikolayevich Romanov) (1881–1945). Jap. He never recorded under his Muslim name. John Abbott see Evan Hunter Philip Abbott: Philip Abbott Alexander (1923– 1998). Lew Alcindor (as he was usually known) adopted his new name in 1971 following his conversion to Islam in 1968. novelist. in which a Catholic narrator is interrupted by Anglican Reade.S. Willie Aames: William Upton (1960–). of Ger. a nephew of the novelist Charles Reade (1814–1880). black jazz musician. He lived for some time in New York as an artist and photographer called Emil Robert Goldfus. spy. Els Aarne: Elze Janovna Paemurru (1917–1995).A. writer.” “most exalted one. he had lived as the prince of an Arabian tribe. in the time of Moses. black jazz drummer. The writer adopted the name Achmed Abdullah Nadir Khan el-Durani el-Iddrissyeh after his parents divorced. U.S. journalist. U. U.-born Br. Maine. Abbott (1895–1974). a name apparently in part based on “Rudolf Abel. writer of fantasy fiction. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor. U. U. Blakey adopted his new name on converting to Islam during a visit to Africa in 1948. which he interpreted as “son of light. although several of his children shared the name with him and he was later known to his musical friends as “Bu. novelist. The Soviet intelligence officer used various aliases in the course of his work. The singer adopted her first name. The writer was also a magician under the name Samri Frickell. parentage.S. Georgian poet. A new surname that will bring the actor from near the bottom straight to the top of any alphabetical billing.” Ahmed Abdul-Malik: Jonathan Timms (1927– 1993).” as her professional name. see Anthony Armstrong Jeppe Aakjaer: Jeppe Jensen (1866–1930). Eng. Mexican comedy magician. He also wrote as A. U. John Abbot: Vernon John (1896–1943).

” referring to his Jordanian birthplace. Br. and Gnosis (1952). historian. Fr.” and ananda. then created a (literal) pen name from this. (The original Abu Bakr was the first Muslim caliph. Sp.Abelin • Abu Qatada Lonsdale he was known as Alec. 2002]. U. Palestinian terrorist. took a nom de guerre meaning “father of might. Ind. The military commander of the PLO. Welsh writer. Eng. whose family emigrated to England in the 1960s. “bliss of Christ. Br. but broke with that organization in 1974 to set up his own group. Abu: Abu Abraham (1924–2002). Abu Jihad: Khalil Ibrahim Machmud al-Wazir (1936–1988). occultist. Victoria Abril: Victoria Merida Rojas (1959–). brother of Ray Abrams. She apparently likes the fact that it has ‘significance across so many religions. The writer’s pseudonym suggests “fable.1600–1634). The terrorist took his nom de guerre. William Bethell. teaming with Karel Absolon. The leader of Islamic terrorists in Iraq assumed a nom de guerre meaning “the imposer from Zarqa. movie actress. Palestinian resistance leader. Jordanian Muslim cleric. her husband. Cz. “Why she calls herself Abraham when she has a perfectly decent name of her own and isn’t even a boy is . political cartoonist. “bliss.” Lee Abrams: Leon Curtis Abramson (1925– 1992).S. The author of popular devotional works.. Abu Musab al-Zarqawi: Ahmad Faadhil alKhalailah (1966–2006).” Abu Izzadeen: Trevor Brooks (1975–).) Abu Iyad: Salah Khalaf (1933–). “anointed. Wisdom. originally called himself Omar Brooks before adopting his Muslim name. Henri le Saux entered the Benedictine order in 1929 but soon developed a desire to fulfill his monastic vocation in India. Abu Amar see Yasir Arafat Abu Bakr Suraj ad-Din: Martin Lings (1909– 2005).” a typical old-world townee character. “father of Izz-udDin. humorist. Ray Abrams: Raymond Joseph Abramson (1920–1992). Brierley was an English weaver who wrote stories and verse in the Lancashire dialect. The cartoonist’s original name was Abraham Mathew. Abell: [Rev. Swami Abhishiktananda: Henri Le Saux (1910– 1973). 12 Blanka Absolon: Blanka Ocelikova (1944–). took a literal nom de guerre meaning “father of the holy war” and even named his son Jihad.” Monchanin himself took the name Paramarubyananda. scholar of Islam. and with him founded an ashram in Tamil Nadu.” Mr. took a name meaning literally “Abraham of St. teaming with Blanka Absolon. songwriter. his wife.1937– 2002). Ger. Palestinian nationalist. F. Eng. The radical Islamist preacher. The Muslim convert. He took his first name. Ab Ithel: John Williams (1811–1862). Palestinian militant. one of the founders of the PLO. Clare.” “prince. priest. the more radical Fatah Revolutionary Council. Johann Philip Abelin: Johann Ludwig Gottfried (c. such as Briggate (“Bridge Street”) in Leeds.” He also wrote as Lindon Meadows and Abel Log.] Charles Butler Greatrex (?1832– 1898). with “Yate” being a Lancashire form of “gate. when a member of the PLO. magician. dialect writer. He was thus “Abe from the street. Lings converted to Islam after a visit to Egypt in 1939. magician. Jordanian-born Islamic leader. of unexplained origin.’ and is finding out more about its significance every day” [The Times Magazine. killed by the Israelis. Ger.” as in many street names in northern English towns. Augustinian friar. pop singer. Abu Yahya al-Libi: Muhammad Hassan Qa’id .” in the early 1960s. and adopted his Arabic name (Abu Bakr. jockey. March 23. black radio reporter. The writer adopted the Welsh form of the surname of his grandfather. racehorse owner. Abraham a Sancta Clara: Johann Ulrich Megerle (1644–1709). Abu Ali Mustafa: Mustafa az-Zibri (1938– 2001). of Jamaican parentage. The horseman raced under this name. meaning “father of contest.” an Arabic name meaning “honor of the religion. Abington: George Alexander Baird (1861– 1893). based in Britain. Fr. unclear. “lamp of religion”) as the author of The Book of Certainty: The Sufi Doctrine of Faith. Muslim extremist. Br.” from Sanskrit abhishikt.S. preacher. U. U. adopted an Arabic name meaning “father of the qatada” (a hardwood tree). Abu Nidal: Sabri Khalil al-Banna (c.-born Br. The name Abel was also used by other Russian spies. In 1948 he joined another French priest already in India. working in Afghanistan. jazz musician. Raymond Abellio: Georges Soulès (1907–1986). Karel Absolon: Karel Ocelikov (1940–). His early stories were narrated by a character called “Owd Ab” (Old Abe). and this gave his basic pen name. jazz musician. Abraham: Rachel Cuming (1971–).” Ab o’ th’ Yate: Benjamin Brierley (1825–1896). Eng.. taking the name Abhishiktananda.S. many of them satirical. reputedly Muhammad’s first male convert and his closest companion. Cz. Jules Monchanin. Swami is a title meaning “master.” meaning “street.” Mumia Abu-Jamal: Wesley Cook (1954–). The revolutionary leader. Abu Qatada: Omar Mohammad Othman (1960–). itself literally meaning “son of Ithael.

James Fenimore Cooper Adams: Edward Sylvester Ellis (1840–1916). singer. U. U. Edwin Emerson. movie actress. black blues singer. writer of dialect tales. architect.S. Jean Adair: Violet McNaughton (1873–1953). Nigerian novelist. archbishop of Magdeburg.1930s). movie actress.S. critic. Rodney Ackland: Norman Ackland Bernstein (1908–1991). writer on floriculture. promoted as “The Venezuelan Volcano” at the start of her career in the 1940s. movie actress. popular novelist. comedian. and Seelin Robins. He was also known by several other names. Jr. U. George Adams. U. The writer used this name for such works as Episodes of Insect Life (1840).-born Br.S. Cecil Adair: Evelyn Ward Everett-Green (1856– 1932). screenwriter. The Methodist minister would have deemed it prudent to write fiction under a pseudonym. The actress. writer. The bishop of Prague received his name at his confirmation from St. others being Latham C. teaming with Jane Ace. referring to his Libyan origin. and May Flowers (1855). U. Acquanetta: Burnu Acquanetta (1921–2004). Universal Pictures changed the actress’s . The actor became tired of being called last at auditions. Joey Adams: Joseph Abramowitz (1911–).13 (c. children’s writer. playwright. poet. March Winds and April Showers (1854). Acanthus • Adams James Adair see Abbé Bossut James Makittrick Adair: James Makittrick (1728–1802). so replaced his “Y” surname with an “A” one. saint. A typical Italianate adaptation for ballet purposes of a standard English (American) name. Acanthus: Harold Frank Hoar (1909–1976). TV. Acheta domestica is the scientific name of the house cricket. (1929–1954). but [English writer Philip] Thicknesse asserted that it was stolen from a physician at Spa” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Br.-born U.] Frederick R. Libyan Islamic militant leader. Richard Adama: Richard Adams (1928–).] Adalbert: Vojtech (956–997). Adalbert (?–981). Donna Adams see Donna Reed Edie Adams: Elizabeth Edith Enke (1927– 2008). The musician took his name from the town of Accrington. Stanley Accrington: Michael Bray (1951–). This pen name. jazz musician. The writer used this name for her 41 adult romances.S. née Epstein (1905–1974). Goodman Ace: Goodman Aiskowitz (1899– 1982). stage.S. U. Julie Adams: Betty May Adams (1926–). Charles Adams: Karl Adam Schwanbeck (1845– 1895).S. songwriter. Ger. TV actor. Eng. Peruvian-born U. martyr.S.S. Ned Hunter. Fr. ballet dancer. medical writer. Brother Adam: Karl Adam Kehrle (1898–1996). the county where he began his career as a railroad stationmaster. Eng. Buddy Ace: James Lee Land (1936–1994). Adam: Adam Sobey (1925–). Budgen (fl. movie actress. Cz. movie comedian. U. Daniel Adams see Andrew York Derroll Adams: Derroll Lewis Thompson (1925–).S. U. his wife.S. Acheta Domestica: [Miss] L. The musician took his new surname from his mother’s third husband. playwright. The acanthus is a prickly plant. diplomat. Chinua Achebe: Albert Chinualumogu (1930–).S. U.S. U. Eng.S. singer. Makittrick added the name of Adair around 1783: “It was probably his mother’s maiden name. Smith (1845–?1919). movie actress. Can. cartoonist.S.1925–?). folk musician. The writer abbreviated his surname to serve as a first name and abandoned his original European Christian name for a new African surname. radio entertainer.S. U. Janice Adair: Beatrice Duffy (fl. Br. Alex Acuna: Alejandro Neciosup-Acuna (1944–). of Ir. Br. Carleton. The actor subsequently reverted to his real name. crossword compiler. including Abu Yahya al-Sahrawi (“of the desert”). U. Lancashire. The musician’s name was changed in 1952 by David James Mattis. of obvious origin. R&B guitarist. She also wrote as Evelyn Ward. John Ackworth: [Rev. parentage. Maurice Achard: Marcel-Auguste Ferréol (1899–1974). soldier. of Native American origin. program director at the Memphis allblack radio station WDIA. Sc. Eng. of Latvian origin. Ger. Don Adams: Donald James Yarmy (1923– 2005). The militant preacher adopted his alias. Benedictine monk. Adams’ decision to change his name was influenced by his wife. popular singer.M. was just one of those used by Ellis for his dime novels. Annette Adams see Fenton Brockley Casey Adams: Max Showalter (1917–2000). and the cartoonist presumably regarded himself as a “barbed” commentator and caricaturist. was adopted as a child by a family who renamed her Mildred Davenport.1850s). black rock musician. Frank Faulkner. songwriter. on joining al-Qaeda in the 1990s. the change itself being ratified by the Colorado legislature in 1871.-born U. beekeeper. [St. U. Johnny Ace: John Marshall Alexander.S. movie actor. Br. Faye Adams: Fayle Tuell (c.1963–).

Nora Adamyan: Eleonora Georgiyevna Adamova (1910–). [Count] Adelaer: Cort Sivertsen (1622–1675). Adeline: Emily Frances Adeline Sergeant (1851– 1904). working in U.-born U.” Luisa Adorno: Mila Curradi (1921–). Austr. Three Hundred and Sixty Six Hours on the Couch (1963).-born naval commander. stage actress. U.S. Mozis Addums: George William Bagby (1828– 1883). the Americanborn opera singer and adventuress (“the woman”) in Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes story “A Scandal in Bohemia” (1891). journalist. Max Adeler: Charles Heber Clark (1841–1915).S. novelist. and also in English opera. Joy Adamson: Friederike Viktoria Gessner (1910–1980). It. Franz Adamus: Ferdinand Bronner (1867– 1948).S.S. composer.-born philosopher. Adamski: Adam Tinley (1968–).S. Swe. U. The author of Marianne Dreams (1958) and the Clever Polly series used this name for Freud for the Jung. Stephen Adams: Michael Maybrick (1844– 1913). Cuban fashion designer. Phelps used this name for Confessions of a Wife (1902). of Syrian origin. The fashion designer’s original name is given in some sources as Gilbert Adrian. Virginia.-born U. dramatist. writer. “Appeared as a baritone vocalist in all the leading London and provincial concerts.”) Lydia Adamson: Frank King (1936–). Eng. writer. It. Br. Maude Adams: Maude Ewing Kiskadden (1872–1953).S..1935–). .S. black jazz musician. Sivertsen entered the 14 Dutch navy in 1639 as a cadet (adelborst). The writer first used the name John Quill (punning on the flower) before settling on “Max Adeler. U. writer. Nigerian rock musician. and five years later she modified this to Julie. Marie Adams: Ollie Marie Givens (1925– c. The organized crime leader adopted the name “Adonis” to reflect his good looks. Renée Adorée: Jeanne de la Fonté (1898–1933). black R&B singer. Adri: Adrienne Steckling (c. Fr.” This was originally a nickname. U. Bagby used this frivolous name for letters to the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond. journalist. (white) soul singer. “Adorée” suggests both “adored” and “gilded. black popular singer (“TV Mama”). Adrian: Adrian Adolph Greenberg (1903– 1959). altering Friede. He returned to Holland in 1661 but the following year accepted the command of the Danish navy with the title of Count Adelaer. movie costume designer. Adolfo: Adolfo Sardiña (1933–).S. black blues musician. Brazilian footballer. In 1642 he moved into Venetian service and became known as Curzio Suffrido Adelborst. etc. Mary Adams: Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844– 1911). fashion designer.S. Nick Adams: Nicholas Adamshock (1931–1968). Joe Adonis: Giuseppe Antonio Doto (1902– 1971). musicologist.Adams • Adrian first name to Julia on signing her up in 1950. They were modeled on the speech of backwoods characters Bagby had known in southside Virginia and were addressed to a friend named “Billy Ivvins” in “Curdsville. Martin Adán: Rafael de la Fuente Benavides (1907–1974).S. etc. U.born movie actress.S. presumably taking it from Irene Adler. U.S. psychiatrist. Russ.S. for many years. The scholar adopted his mother’s maiden name as his professional name when his academic writing began to appear in 1938. humorist.S.” to give Freude. Va. Ger. describing the rearing and rehabilitation of an orphaned lion cub. U. Irene Adler: Catherine Storr (1913–2001). Adeva: Patricia Daniels (1960–). Br. U. Theodor Adorno: Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund (1903–1969). crime writer. pop singer.S.. conservationist. Peruvian writer. Maud Adams: Maud Wikstrom (1945–). Norw. “peace. from the Norwegian word for “eagle. “Renée” suggests “reborn”.1972 ). British game warden George Adamson. children’s writer. gangster.-born Br. also became popular as a writer of songs. Ger. a portrayal of a woman’s misery in marriage. It also echoes his middle name. movie actress. Gaye Adegbalola: Gaye Todd (1944–). U. U. Kamau Muata Adilifu: Charles Sullivan (1944–).working in U. or.” King Sunny Ade: Prince Sunday Anthony Ishola Adeniyi (1946–). movie actor. under the name of Stephen Adams” [Who’s Who]. Eng. humorist. took her new surname from her third husband. given him for his perspicacity and prowess at sea and punning on his original title. U. “joy. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name from the start of her career. having assumed her new first name while married to her second. U. writer. (She may have based her new English name on her original German one. sociologist. Swiss botanist Peter Bally. the first of which appeared in 1858. Lebanese poet. The author of Born Free (1960). Adele: Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (1988–). Adonis: Ali Ahmad Said Esber (1930–).” the name of a character in a storybook he had enjoyed as a boy. Ademir: Ademir Marques de Meneses (1922–). Eng.S.

The poet adopted a symbolic name meaning “helpless. The pope took his name from the church of St. took his religious name on being clothed as a Benedictine oblate in 1893. Rome. Solomon Eagle. of Welsh parentage. Afrika Bambaataa see Afrika Bambaataa Afrique: Alexander Witkins (1907–1961).S. Ir.A. poet. so Russell opted for the digraph alone. of Gk. It. Ind. of Russ.155]. Yusus Afari: J. parentage. singer. The story goes that when the poet was in New York on a reading tour of America. from Greek aipeinos. Arthur Aglionby: Arthur Cooper (1832–1911). Adzhzi: Khodzhi Said-Akhmed-khodzha Siddiki (1865–1926).” “virtuous. Br. It. of which he was appointed cardinal deacon in 1251. “high” (German hoch). Gloucestershire. artist. Belg. Adrian V: Ottobono Fieschi (c. movie scriptwriter. working in France.S. L.” was used by the writer for early coauthored surveys. literary critic. Franz Aepinus: Franz Maria Ulrich Theodor Hoch (1729–1802). daughter of Charles Fetherstonhaugh. The bass singer italianized his name to accord with his roles in Italian opera. Iris Adrian: Iris Adrian Hostetter (1913–1994). Eng. Greek for “good. someone asked. vice president (1969–73). dancer. religious leader. who later in life preferred to be known as Ted. Johannes Aepinus: Johannes Hoeck (1499– Adrian • Agnon 1553). explaining that he did not wish to be thought of as “just another Welsh playwright. from Greek aipeinos. The Anglican founder of the Benedictine community of Prinknash Abbey. Israeli painter. promptly replied. brother of Mirko. Luigi Agnesi: Louis Ferdinand Léopold Agniez (1833–1875). a powerful devil in Muslim mythology. Spiro Agnew: Spiro Theodore Anagnostopoulos (1918–1996). Jamaican dub poet. Jane Adrian see Jan Sterling John Adrian: John Adrian Marie Edward Warne (1938–). religious. The last non–Italian pope before 1978 retained his baptismal name. the Hindu god of fire. The scientist adopted a classical rendering of his surname. partly represents Afrit.-born Br. S. The Native American–style name was chosen by MacCarthy for his articles in the New Statesman to match that of his predecessor.” Jean Adrienne: Jean Armstrong (1905–1994). pope. Br. Tajik poet. He is said to have chosen the name for the verses “because they seemed to be of yesterday. Early in his career the writer used pseudonyms such as L. and itself meaning “eternity.” a pseudonym used by Russell for his first poems. fashion designer. Age: Agenore Incrocci (1919–). p.R. The name partly derives from the initial elements of his real name. Eng. reggae musician. movie actress. England. Br. The name represents the first letter of “Æon. stage actress. Adrian see Rhys Adrian Max Adrian: Max Bor (1903–1973). Rhys Adrian: Rhys Adrian Griffiths (1928– 1990). in their motives” [Marble.A. parentage. Eng. Adrian (S. to-day and forever.15 Adrian IV: Nicholas Breakspear (c. Madame Agnès: ? (fl.1205–1276). dramatic. Nigerian church leader.O. Shmuel Yosef Agnon: Samuel Josef Czaczkes . In 1871 Arthur Cooper married Elizabeth Aglionby. Yaacov Agam: Jacob Gipstein (1928–). Fr. who was present. Adriano). the daily ritual of offering food and drink to Agni. “Why did Mr.1968–). Afro: Afro Basaldella (1912–1976). Adrian VI: Adrian Florensz Dedal (1459–1523). U. The Hindu founder of the Dev Samaj adopted a name relating to the agnihotra. Ger. Agnihotri: Shiv Narayan (1859–1928). Reece and L. The name. U. literary journalist. Br. theologian.” Æ: George William Russell (1867–1935). The printer had queried the spelling of the name. A sensible shortening of a typically lengthy Greek surname for the U. The name of the impersonator of celebrities is French for “Africa.1940s–50s). and assumed her name on her death in 1885. painter. opera singer. “Because he did not wish to be called ‘I.R.” from the Greek. stage designer. however. army officer. radio. Du.U. crossword compiler. politician. Russell call himself ‘Æ’?” Murray Hill. TV dramatist. “high” (German hoch). All popes of this name are also known as Hadrian. Affable Hawk: [Sir] Desmond MacCarthy (1878–1952). stage actor. Fr. Agathon: Henri Massis (1886–1970). A crossword compiler aims to inspire awe in his hapless solvers. Ir. pope.’” Dom Aelred: Benjamin Fearnley Carlyle (1874– 1955). The ecclesiastic adopted a classical rendering of his surname.S. St.– born Br. It. pope.” Afrit: Alistair Ferguson Ritchie (1887–1954). Eng. revue artist. sculptor. Adrian. physicist. In 1894 the former Anglican minister became a Baptist pastor and adopted his African name. Mojola Agbebi: David Brown Vincent (1860– 1917). Ger.1100–1159). Aelred (Ethelred) was a 12th-century Cistercian abbot. Sinclair (c.

” replacing Brofeldt.-born Israeli novelist. musician. Ger. Charles Russell. Cantab. writer. “tailor”). black reggae singer. née Whately (1738–1825). “people”). La Maison sous la mer (1947). movie actress. Berkley Aikin: Fanny Aikin Kortright (1821– 1900). Juhani Aho: Johannes Brofeldt (1861–1921).” + ha. novelist. Hebrew agnon is the singular of agunot. in which she was billed as simply Anouk. Harriot Airy: Mary Darwall. Martin Agricola: Martin Sore (or Sohr) (1486– 1556). Maitland used this name for an autobiographical novel. poet. The Pilgrim and the Shrine: Passages from the Life and Correspondence of Herbert Ainslie.” Ah Wah Cous: Charles Marion Russell (1864– 1926).A. Mikael Agricola: Mikael Bauer (1509–1557). Ruth Ainsworth: Ruth Gilbert (1908–). The artist occasionally signed his letters with his Indian name” [Frederick G. Philip Ahn: Pil Lip Ahn (1905–1978). Catherine Aird: Kinn Hamilton McIntosh (1930–). Archer. Eden Ahbez: Robert Botsin (1908–1995).. Gustave Aimard: Olivier Gloux (1818–1883). humanist. with Juhani corresponding to Johannes (John) and Finnish aho. of Korean parentage. Ger.” meaning a plowman) for one essentially identical in meaning (Latin agricola. Eng. U. Georgius Agricola: Georg Bauer (1494–1555). writer of mystical novels. Johann Agricola: Johann Schneider (or Schnitter) (1494–1566). Agrippa: Henricus Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (1486–1535).” Jonas Aistis: Jonas Aleksandravicius (1904– 1973). Fr. B. rural writer.” to which German Bauer (“farmer. Orme Agnus: John C. Ger. Eng. U.. Eng.Angus • Aistis (1888–1970). beatnik songwriter. Fr. teacher. journalist. The artist depicted several scenes from cowboy life. “the. in 1847. Schneider first latinized his name as Sartor (German Schneider. Finn.-born magician. short-story writer. occultist Ahad Ha‘am: Asher Hirsch Ginzberg (1856– 1927). when it symbolized his abandonment of an Eastern European life in favor of new life in the promised land of Israel. Ger. U.S.-born U.” “farmer”) when working in Spain.M. as for Alexander Agricola. also known as “Sister Aisha. Sc. Br.–born Br.S.S. The writer’s name 16 is a Finnish equivalent of his Swedish name. AI: Florence Anthony (1947–). The singer. but then adopted the name Agricola. Renner. She began to appear under her full name in the mid–1950s. a common practice in those days. “clearing.” “smallholder”) corresponds. artist. The Dutch surname means “man of the house. Ernst Ahlgren: Victoria Maria Benedictsson. Lutheran reformer. also performed as F. His appearance from the rear reminded the Indians of the white rump of an antelope and they promptly called Russell ‘Ah Wah Cous. Eng.” assumed an Arabic name meaning “living. literally “broad field. novelist. The musician substituted his agricultural name (literally “acreman. Sore was self-taught. Latin agricola means “plowman. The conjuror. Aisha: Pamela Ross (c. philosopher. adventure novelist.. Austral. Czaczkes made the pseudonym his family name in 1924. . Catherine Airlie: Jean Sutherland MacLeod (1908–). movie actor. composer. Alexander Agricola: Alexander Ackermann (c.S.” “farmer.1446–1506). (1867).S.1967–). “plowman”). Rodolphus Agricola: Roelof Huysman (1443– 1485). Swe.” Hence his adoption of the name Agricola (Latin.” + ’am.” here interpreted through Latin agricola. writer. mystery writer. U. bishop. Herbert Ainslie: Edward Maitland (1824– 1897). as for Alexander Agricola. Finn. children’s writer. and refers to a Jewish woman who although abandoned by her husband is still legally married to him until he is proven dead or until a divorce is finalized. 1969].-born Jewish writer. scholar. Russ. Lithuanian poet. Higginbotham (?–1919). he was wearing a pair of pants reinforced in the seat with buckskin. Anouk Aimée: Françoise Sorya Dreyfus (1932–).S. “Agunot” (“Deserted Wives”) (1908). U. Arthur Ainslie: Arthur Wellesley Odell Pain (1871–1940). The Zionist leader adopted a Hebrew name meaning “one of the people” (ahad. “plowman. The writer adopted a Hebrew name taken from the story that was his literary debut. The academic title referred to his attendance of Cambridge University.’ their name for the animal. Pol. “one. The scholar’s Latin name translates his German surname as for Georgius Agricola. Du. Compare the names below. writer on music. humanist. writer.” “glade. writer. née Bruzelius (1850–1888). Br. and was thus called to music “from the plow. The actress named herself after a servant girl that she played in her first movie. Br. and adopted this pseudonym following his visit to the Blood Indians in 1888: “At the time of Russell’s visit . poet. Patricia Ainsworth: Patricia Nina Bigg (1932–).” “flourishing. poet. Du. specializing in magic for children.A. composer. from where he graduated B. short-story writer. writer.

writer of detective fiction.” Abdullah means “servant of Allah. essayist.” from a-. movie actor. took her new name from street evangelist Tony Alamo (Bernie Lazar Hoffman).S. Anna Akhmatova: A Poetic Pilgrimage. from two contemporary Frenchmen named Henri Fournier. Hugh Fitzgerald. Jap. Br. Alain: Émile-Auguste Chartier (1868–1952). “to be satisfied.S. “horizon of Aten. “to derive pleasure. broadcaster. Alafon: Owen Griffith Owen (1847–1916). teaming with Taki. Turk. Pol.” Alachini: Bronislaw Szymanski (1895–1970). Alaïa: Azzedine Alaïa (c. The writer took his pseudonym from his medieval namesake. illustrator. Aka Gündüz: Enis Avni (1885–1958).” Worship of the sun god Aten (a name meaning literally “sun disk”) was subsequently disavowed by his son-in-law. adopted a name that not only evoked the Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876) but could be read as Japanese akunin.” and aten. Akakia. Egyptian pharaoh. Ind.-born magician.S. and Edith Van Dyne (stories for girls). short-story writer. “glory of Aten.” Alan Burt Akers: Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1921– 2005). the ram-headed god (more commonly known as Ammon) identified by the Greeks with Zeus. “villain.” and saying she would shame the family name. a philologist and Japanese translator. Alain-Fournier: Henri Alban Fournier (1886– 1914). Jamil means “handsome. “Amun. Russ. Eng. that of her great-grandmother. Boris Akunin: Grigory Shalvovich Chkhartishvili (1956–). the name of a 9th-century Abbasid caliph. At one time Baum was on the stage as George Brooks. Jamil Abdullah al-Amin: H. whom she married as her third husband in 1966. the poet Alain Chartier (c. writer. 1976]. Floyd Akers: Lyman Frank Baum (1856–1919). Turkish gündüz means “daytime.1935–).1385–c.” and hotep. a convert from Judaism.S. Jane Alan: Lillian Mary Chisholm (1906–?). The southern Tatars had always seemed mysterious and fascinating to the young woman who came to be one of Russia’s greatest modern poets [Amanda Haight.” and instead chose a Tatar name.” Susan Alamo: Edith Opal Horn (1925–1982). Bulmer also wrote as Dray Prescot. Alan Alan: Alan Rabinowitz (1926–). Hawaiian-born Jap.” presumably here in some significant sense.14th century BC).-born Br. U. medical writer. his first wife. means “the faithful.” In his fifth regnal year he changed his name to Akhenaten. magician. working in France. “I don’t need that name. The novelist took his new name in order to be distinguished either from his fellow writer Édouard Fournier (1819–1880) or. The author.17 Émile Ajar see Roman Gary Ajit: Hamid Ali Khan (1922–1998). Ajar • Alastair Akinoshima: Yamanaka Katsumi (1967–). philosopher. novelist. médecin du pape (“Diatribe of Dr. The political activist and writer converted to the Islamic faith following his imprisonment in 1974 and adopted a Muslim name accordingly.S. storyteller. her father objected to her writings. Br. U. in which he ridiculed the views of the mathematician Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698–1759). president of the Berlin Academy.” from akhen. “guilelessness. Anna Akhmatova: Anna Andreyevna Gorenko (1889–1966). dancer. Fr. Martin Akakia: Martin Sans-Malice (1539– 1588). meaning “without guile. one an admiral. Ger.1430). Suzanne Metcalf.” to its Greek equivalent (akakia. hypnotist. U. “bad”). Fr. Voigt claimed to be the illegitimate offspring of a Bavarian . radio evangelist. The Japanese name means “the dim light of the morning. The writer changed his French name. “not. He first used the name in 1907. Don Alan: Donald Alan McWethy (1926– 1999). and an aspiring poet.” and al-Amin.” and kakos. Alastair: Hans Henning Voigt (1887–1969). Johnny Aladdin: John (“Jack”) Randall (1919–). The “heretic” king was the son of Amenhotep III and originally bore the same name as his father. writer. illusionist. Georgian-born Russ.” and began to build a new capital city called Akhetaten. Of the three Arabic names. Akebono: Chadwick Haheo Rowan (1969–). The author also wrote as Anne Lorraine. black activist. SF writer.” from amen. jazz drummer. TV. Alan: Leslie Harrison Lambert (1883–1941). Eng. novelist.S. magician. sumo wrestler. Tutankhamun. Pheeroan Aklaff: Paul Maddox (1955–). Doctor to the Pope”) (1752). A. writer. sumo wrestler. Anna retorted. U. Akhenaten: Amenhotep IV (fl. Schuyler Staunton (for adult novels). Fr. the other a cycling champion. children’s writer. Tunisian fashion designer. U. according to some. calling her a “decadent poetess. Rap Brown (1943–). Welsh poet. meaning “Amun is content. “Aten. Other names used by the author of the The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) were Laura Bancroft. John Estes Cooke.J. The Pentecostal minister. When Anna Gorenko was 17. U. poet. who reintroduced the worship of Amun. The name is a local placename. Voltaire wrote a prose satire entitled Diatribe du docteur Akakia.

(2) George Villiers. But according to another theory. The musician italianized his German name to give a Latin equivalent (German weiss. since the singer was born in the year of the latter’s death. Albert L’Ouvrier: Alexandre Martin (1815– 1895). in the 1910s. prince. Baltimore.1680–c. biblical archaeologist. Henricus Albicastro: Heinrich Weissenburg del Biswang (c. is said to have taken her professional name from Albany. Then I pick up Alcapone from that.1738). meaning “Albert the worker. The father of Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888).S. Alazonomastix Philalethes: [Dr.-born U. writer. Antony Alban: Antony Allert Thomson (1939–). Alceste: (1) Louis Belmontet (1799–1879).S. Bernard Albrecht see Barney Sumner Hardie Albright: Hardy Albrecht (1903–1975). as she was generally known. Eng. she adopted the name of ‘Albani. Latin castrum. Alcipe: Leonor de Almeida de Portugal. Lord Tennyson (1809–1892). philosopher. dancer. More used this mock–Greek name.S. New York.S. jazz trumpeter. Then someone change it to Me Capone and then Macaroni until someone just start calling me Capone. Maria Alba: Maria Casajuana (1905–1999). Fr. “white”. TV actor. gangster Al Capone. (3) Alfred Assolant (1827–1886). The writer’s new surname is that of her great-grandfather. she assumed it on making her debut as Amina in Bellini’s opera La Sonnambula in Messina. writer.” Vagram Alazan: Vagram Martirosovich Gabuzyan (1903–1966). Father Alberik: Joseph Zwyssig (1808–1854). The original Alcibiades was a 5th-century BC Athenian general. Ger. James Albany see Robert Crawford Joe Albany: Joseph Albani (1924–1988). Alcibiades: (1) Albert. Al Berto: Alberto Pidwell Tavares (1948–1997). composer.” when he was elected to the provisional French government in 1848. U. movie actor. Duke of Buckingham (1627–1688). Anglican sister. writer. Pol. Jamaican DJ. Albius see Thomas Blacklow Marietta Alboni: Maria Anna Marzia (1823– 1894).-born magician. Fr. [Dame] Emma Albani: Marie Louise Cécile Emma Lajeunesse (1847–1930). working in Hawaii. And the guy say to me: ‘Look how him going like a pocony. movie. jazz pianist. Martha Albrand: Heidi Huberta Freybe Loewengard (1914–1981).S. Fr. German Burg.1840s). U. Dennis Alcapone: Dennis Smith (1947–).’ Whatever pocony is. courtier. Margrave of Brandenburg (1522–1557). “castle”). popular musician. educator. U. Tennyson used this name for Literary Squabbles.-born U. published in the February and March. U. The poet’s classical-style name was suggested to her by Filinto Elísio. Port. author of the bestselling novel Little Women (1868). poet. (2) Edouard Laboulaye (1811–1883). meaning “impostor Philalethes.S. Armenian writer. the misanthropic hero who scorns the civilities of life and the shams of society.] Henry More (1614–1687). writer. spy novelist. The actor is said to have adopted the name because he grew tired of announcers referring to him as “Eddie Hamburger. movie actress. It. Albert: Albert Rusling (1944–). organist. Latin albus. Can. stage. Eng. William Foxwell Albright: William Thomas Albright (1891–1971). cartoonist.Alazan • Alcott prince and an Irish girl. Reggae Explosion: The Story of Jamaican Music. Delorenzi.’ the patronymic of an old Italian noble family. Don Albert: Albert Dominique (1908–1980). practically extinct” [Dictionary of National Biography]. mystic. opera singer. Br. of Sc.” for an attack on the alchemical work Anthroposophia Theomagica by Eugenius Philalethes. U. 18 Herbert Albini: Abraham Laski (1860–1922). Marquesa de Alorna (1750–1839). Albright changed his middle name to his mother’s maiden name when studying at Johns Hopkins University. (4) Hippolyte de Castille (fl. mechanic.” Konrad Alberti: Konrad Sittenfeld (1862–1918). Ger. Albani. 1846. Eng. Eddie Albert: Edward Albert Heimberger (1906–2005). Doubtless one or more of these derive from the character of this name in Molière’s Le Misanthrope. when “on the advice of her Italian elocution master. I don’t know. But Alcapone himself has a more subtle explanation: “It all started the night I went to the movies at Majesty Theatre and I was laughing. writer. Ger. Sicily. Sp. poet.S. where she moved with her parents in 1865. opera singer. but such an origin is as suspect as his assumed title of “Baron. Swiss composer.S. The socialist leader adopted this name. Eng. U. educator. in 1870. And it just stick” [Chris Salewicz and Adrian Boot. Bronson Alcott: Amos Bronson Alcox (1799– 1888). Swiss priest. Eng. poet. Mme. changed the family name . Jewish parentage. numbers of Punch. writer Sister Albertina: Ellen Albertina Pollyblank (1840–1930). 2001]. stage. Port.S. (3) Alfred. Fr. The name seems to commemorate the U. Fr.

“An odd hero for a pope to have. p. so I had to reply that circumstances over which I had no control prevented my visiting them” [Marble. Alexander IV: Rinaldo dei Segni (c. husband of H. Aleksandr Aleksidze: Aleksandr Georgievich Songulashvili (1874–1934). Louis Aldrich: Louis Lyon (1843–1901). Aldo: Aldo Rossano Graziati (1902–1953). circus performer.S. Wiles (1924–). “mentalist.S. feminist writer. G. whose conquering prowess he admired. opera singer. Vladimir Aleksandrov: Vladimir Borisovich Keller (1898–1954). parentage. cartoonist. Tony Aless: Anthony Alessandrin (1921–1985). The pope took his new name in honor of Alexander the Great. As it would apply either to a man or a woman I thought it useful for my purposes and took the name Aldon to go with it. . Aleksandra Aleksandrova-Kochetova: Aleksandra Dormidontovna Kochetova. retained his original name. opera singer. Georgian ballet dancer. It. The artist was born deformed. pope.–born U. It. Russ. née Davies (1883–1952). ballet dancer. Giovanni Cena.-born It. pope. Destouches was the illegitimate son of the hostess Mme. mathematician. N. novelist.1738–1814). (2) Aleksandr Nikolayevich Fedotov (1903– 1971). and his name is Portuguese for “the little cripple. de Tencin and one of her lovers.S. Alec: Alec E. unlike Aleksey I.S. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church assumed his name on taking monastic vows in 1902. musicologist. Russ. magician. while also containing letters in his patronymic (middle name). O Aleijadinho: Antônio Francisco Lisbôa da Costa (c. Alan Alda: Alphonso d’Abruzzo (1936–). of It. but not inappropriate. Marsh troupe of juvenile players. Adair Aldon: Cornelia Lynde Meigs (1884– 1973). but in one with which I have close connection. he was abandoned on the steps of the Paris church of Saint-Jean-le-Rond. magician. the chevalier Destouches. The writer adopted his new first name as a boy. When actually performing. Robert Alda. poet. Jean François Alden see Mark Twain Richard Alden see Tom Drake Peter Alding see Roderic Graeme Richard Aldington: Edward Godfree Aldington (1892–1962).A. Estonian-born Russ.D. U. movie actor.S. However. stage actor. Russ. U. children’s writer. U. architect. father of Alan Alda. actor. The actor adopted his new name in 1858 on joining the Robert G. Russ. churchman. he was enrolled in school as Jean-Baptiste Daremberg.1199–1261). antipope. The actor created his new surname from the first syllables of his two original names. Russ. The name Adair was current — not precisely in my own family. the singer used the name Aleksandra Aleksandrova.S. Sp. Alexander VI: Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (or Rodrigo Borgia) (1431–1503). jazz pianist. basing the surname on her own first name. Asked if it was some sort of pun. as I liked alliterative names. I never felt sufficient courage to disillusion them in the matter. and this gave his first name. illustrator. pope. writer. Russ.” Alexander II: Anselm (?–1073). she replied: “I have no very subtle explanation to give. Brazilian sculptor. Alexander V: Pietro di Candia (originally Petros Philargos) (c. Aldanov: Mark Aleksandrovich Landau (1889–1957). Jean le Rond d’Alembert: Jean-le-Rond Destouches (1717–1783). to be sure. Russ. née Sokolova (1833–1902). Alexander III: Orlando Bandinelli (c. I used it for my first story of adventure for boys as I wished to keep that kind of tale separate from the historical stories I was writing at that time. novelist. Eng. M. especially in spoken form. U. Aleksey II: Aleksey Mikhaylovich Ridiger (1929–2008). cinematographer. writer. king of Macedonia.S.” Sibilla Aleramo: Rina Pierangeli Faccio (1876– 1960). It. as did his father. p. as the new pontiff ’s subsequent career would show” [Coulombe.Z. Eng. movie director. pope.181].S. and the latter name was altered for reasons of euphony to give “d’Alembert. Frances Alda: Frances Jeanne Adler. The actor created his new surname from the first two letters of his first name (Alphonso) and last name (d’Abruzzo). Robert Alda: Alphonso Giuseppe Giovanni Roberto d’Abruzzo (1914–1986).1339–1410). Grigory Aleksandrov : Grigory Vasilyevich Mormonenko (1903–1983). The writer’s pseudonym was suggested by her lover. It. A name that is a near anagram of the writer’s surname. Fr. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church. It. U.R. churchman. literary critic. Aldini: Alex Weiner (1917–1989). elected in 1990.19 from Alcox to Alcott because of the original name’s indecent associations. U. The author used the name for her earlier stories. Aleksey I: Sergey Vladimirovich Simansky (1877–1970). It. As a baby. Alexander: Calude Alexander Conlin (1880– 1954).1105– 1181). U.239].” Alda • Alexander Aleksandr Aleksandrov: (1) Aleksandr Artemyevich Martirosyants (1891–1955). On the strength of the masculinity a boy’s [sic] camp wrote to me and asked me to spend the summer with them as they liked one of Adair Aldon’s books so much.

Alexander Cruden. nobody would have complained. organist.S. stage actor. U. Jr. based on his middle name. poet (“The Water Poet”). Bill Alexander: William Alexander Paterson (1948–). John Alexander: John Taylor (1580–1653). Father Algy: William Strowan Amherst Robertson (1894–1955).” Michael Alford: Michael Griffiths (1587–1652). Sc. The dancer took her name from that of her husband.V. Kenneth J. Eng. Ir. Harcourt Algeranoff. That’s all I was doing. Canonicus.-born Br. Harcourt Algeranoff: Harcourt Algernon Essex (1903–1967). Mayfair. for it might be interpreted. “There was a double meaning in this designation. Jesuit. Br. U. Br. “Changing my name was one of the most important things that happened to me in my life. Maev Alexander: Maev Alexandra Reid McConnell (1948–). Others include Atticus.S. Alexander Hector. Jane Alexander: Jane Quigley (1939–). Dair Alexander: Christine Campbell Thomson (1897–1985). Christine Hartley. pianist.S. Jason Alexander: Jay Scott Greenspan (1959–). movie actor. Br. Argentinian poet. and Wheelwright. adopted his mother’s maiden name. Alexander VIII: Pietro Vito Ottoboni (1610– 1691). church historian. The writer first used this name for his novel Cabanis (1832). playwright. leader of the Black Muslims in the U. It freed me from the identity given to my family by slavemasters. Eng.S. Other names used by the writer were Molly Campbell. The author took her name from that of her husband. black boxer. ballet dancer. journalist. Mrs. on joining Anna Pavlova’s company in 1921. Fr. Alfonsina: Alfonsina Storni (1892–1938).” prefaced to 7th edition of the Concordance. (1942–). The name was given him by Elijah Muhammad.S. The musician was as prolific in her choice of pseudonyms as in her compositions. A Tub Lecture preached at Watford in Hartfordshire at a Conventicle on the 25th of December last (1642). writer. a Joyner for Love One Another. composer. novelist. U. and instead of killing them made them slaves. Actors and actresses change their names. critic. U. Selin. People change their names all the time.S.S. Joe Louis and Sugar Ray Robinson changed their names. If I changed my name from Cassius Clay to something like Smith or Jones because I wanted a name that white people thought was more American. Karlton. Pilgrim. movie actor. The pope changes his name. Lorez Alexandria: Dolorez Alexandria Nelson. 1815]. playwright. TV actress. author. husband of Claudie Algeranova. Of this ambiguity he availed himself with much adroitness. Claudie Algeranova: Claudie Leonard (1924–). He used the name W. with which he seems to have been greatly pleased. Wendel. U. It. Muhammad Ali: Cassius Marcellus Clay. Ir. [Sir] George Alexander: George Alexander Gibb Samson (1858–1918).S. writer. Nelson Algren: Nelson Ahlgren Abraham (1909–1981). née French (1825–1902). 20 Willibald Alexis: Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Häring (1798–1871). née Turner (1929–). The author of the famous Concordance to the Holy Scriptures (1737) so called himself. and Flavia Richardson. The composer of the march “Colonel Bogey” (1914). a wealthy merchant who disapproved of her writing. Eng. Br. U. Alfred: Frances McCollin (1892–1960). Jabez Bunting. TV actress. religious.The head of the Anglican Society of St. Alford: [Major] Frederick Joseph Ricketts (1881–1945). writer. working in Australia. Pastor. Henry Alexander: Alexander McAllister (1877– 1944). Sc. pope. Garrett. as corrector of the manners and morals of the People. bandmaster. after the war those people would have changed their slave names. U. Ger. familiar from the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957). She adopted the name only after his death in 1875. popular novelist. ballet dancer. bookseller. author. composer. Eng. movie. either as referring to his old occupation as a [proof ] corrector of the Press.Alexander • Ali Alexander VII: Fabio Chigi (1599–1667). and no one complains. Alexander: Annie Hector. Joan Alexander: Joan Pepper (1920–). pope. Shana Alexander: Shana Ager (1925–2005). U. “Memoir of Mr. or to the new office which he supposed himself to sustain. theater manager. The dancer assumed his Russian-style name. theatrical director. Alexandre de Paris: Louis Alexandre Raimon (1922–2008). black jazz singer. Fr. Alexander the Corrector: Alexander Cruden (1701–1770). If Hitler changed the names of people he was killing. Richards for the march “Namur.S. Br. I was honored that . The boxer adopted his new name in 1964 on joining the Black Muslim movement after becoming the new world heavyweight champion as a result of his contest against Sonny Liston. Ben Alexander: Nicholas Benton Alexander (1911–1969).-born Br. Taylor used the name John Alexander. Awbury. as circumstances seemed to dictate” [Rev. hair stylist. Francis was for some reason nicknamed “Algy” when a Cambridge university student and kept the name in religion. It.

’ but ‘Tynan. crime. Austr. choreographer. black religious leader.S. Br. politician. Sidney Allan: Carl Sadakichi Altmann (1867– 1944).” Neal. working in U. The former physician was the leader of the Islamic Da‘wah Party. Dave Allen: David Tynan O’Mahony (1936– 2005).S. Allan Cohen. and in correspondence with the author told her how much he liked the name Alice Gordon Lee because it sounded Scottish and his mother was a Scot. In the early 1840s Emily Bradley sent a story she had written to Neal’s Saturday Gazette under the pseudonym Alice Gordon Lee. ballet dancer. followed suit. editor. well. The broadcaster’s father. Corey Allen: Alan Cohen (1934–). The dancer adopted her father’s middle name as her stage name. N.’ so I thought. director. ‘Tynan’ is simple enough. U. Finn. George Allan: Mite (or Marie) Kremnitz. Jap. The name has a generally oriental flavor. ‘Muhammad’ means one worthy of praise. music-hall comedian. Noble Drew Ali: Timothy Drew (1886–1929). TV producer. Cousin Alice: Emily Bradley Neal Haven (1827–1863). Iranianborn Br.1960s). Joseph C. writer on gambling fraud. adopted his first name as the family name in place of his Jewish surname in the 1930s. Ger.. Iraqi politician. working in France. and I was sitting looking at his list of clients. as not many English people would know how to pronounce “O’Mahony. Abdulla Alish: Abdulla Bariyevich Alishev (1908–1944).S. Henri Alleg: Henri Jean Salem (1921–). ‘Ali’ was the name of a great general [a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad. Br. May Alix see Josephine Beatty Ibrahim al-Jaafari: Ibrahim al-Ashaiqir (1947–). became ‘Tyrone’ and ‘Tannen’ and ‘Tinnen. Chesney Allen: William Ernest Chesney Allen (1896–1982).” He came to the same conclusion. presumably inspired by the example of Ralph Iron. TV comedian. Elkan Allan: Elkan Philip Cohen (1922–2006). So I changed my name to Allen” [Dave Allen. magician. interviewed .’ for whatever reason. all also musicians. writer. The writer used this name for serials written in Britain but set in New Zealand. Ali Bey: David Charles Lemmy (1905–1975). Johnnie Allan: John Allan Guillot (1938–).S. Eng. as did his six siblings.’ and so I never knew who the bloody hell I was! By then I had an agent. I’ve been Muhammad Ali for twentysix years.-born U. well. On learning her real name from a subscriber. When the comic began his career and was eager for engagements. writer. Algerian writer. Russ. U. art critic. writer. composer. so I tried ‘Tynan. Can. Br. died suddenly in 1847.S. he was told he would have to change his name. née Dawson (1858– ?1903). “I tried ‘Dave O’Mahony. Alkan: Charles-Henri-Valentin Morhange (1813–1888).’ So I thought. Jaafari fled to Iran. who was more than twice Emily’s age. That’s four years longer than I was Cassius Clay” [Thomas Hauser with the co-operation of Muhammad Ali. Santeri Alkio: Santeri Filander (1862–1930). Allan: Albin Neumann (1909–?). Jaafari returned to Iraq and was elected prime minister two years later. Rashied Ali: Robert Patterson (1933–2009).Z. The names of Ali’s parents are unknown. Ir. Fr. but he grew up with the name Timothy Drew. Haven. magician. Jr. and there was nobody with an ‘A. U. and Charlotte Keppel. Alien: Louisa Alice Baker. an underground movement opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein.’ and I’d arrive at places and it would be spelt [on the playbills] ‘Dave O’Mally’ or ‘Dave Maloney’ or ‘O’Maloney.S. U. Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times. black jazz drummer. He regarded himself as a prophet of Allah and claimed that he was named “Ali” during a visit to the holy Muslim city of Mecca. pop musician. Ali Bongo: William Wallace (1929–2009). accepted it. (Tatar) writer. TV magician. née Marie von Bardeleben (1852–1916). Eng. where the fear of retaliation against his family in Iraq forced him to change his name. When the musician’s father changed his name to Rashied Ali. Maud Allan: Ula Maude Durrant (1873–1956). Following Saddam’s overthrow in 2003. if I had a surname beginning with ‘A’ I’d be top of the list. pianist. of Jewish parentage. Neal asked if he might continue to call her “Alice.-born U.” The correspondence led to marriage in 1846. Paula Allardyce: Ursula Torday (fl. Lee Blackstock. journalist.K. When Saddam decreed that membership of the party Ali • Allen was punishable by death. Other names used by the author were Charity Blackstock. U. teaming with Bud Flanagan. and the third Caliphate after the death of the Prophet].S. Robert Patterson. and in 1853 she married Samuel H. Neal. 1997]. Alidad: Alidad Mahloudji (1954–). after which Emily Neal wrote for children as “Cousin Alice. mystery writer. interior designer.21 Elijah Muhammad gave me a truly beautiful name. The composer adopted the first name of his father. novelist. writer. movie actor. The editor. Richard Stone. The magician took his quasi–Arabian stage name from a character he played in a national youth club pantomime as a teenager.

S.S. Ramsbottom and simply T. The actor adopted his mother’s maiden name as his stage name. screenwriter. TV. stage. Eng.S. 1991]. given him by sportswriters for his “foghorn” voice. novelist. radio comedian. But what of a first one? He thought of Max. His birth date. BBC Radio 4. Allen: Pauline E. stage actor. Frank Allenby: Francis Gatehouse (1898–?). LL. partly from his wife’s maiden name (Roland). “The clever farce ‘Exhange no Robbery’ [was] so unluckily suggestive in title that that it had to be brought out under the pseudonym of ‘Richard Jones’” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Sort of keeps it goin. 1987]. Edgar Allen. publisher.-born Br. Robert Allen: Irving Theodore Baehr (1906– 1998).S. He also wrote as Mrs. it was. Jay Presson Allen: Jacqueline Presson (1922–).J. The writer adopted his wife’s maiden name as his pen name. U. Tim Allen: Timothy Allen Dick (1953–). which many of the record books have accepted as Govier’s own. jazz musician. Sarah A. Hopkins (1859– 22 1930). Rosalie Allen: Julie Marlene Bedra (1924–). when on the run from the Navy. Austral. The writer often published under her mother’s name. so I took his name for boxing. Ir. Br. soldier. director. Woody Woodpecker. Sexby used this name for his pamphlet Killing No Murder (1657). U. (Major) E. U.H. however. But what? “He liked Allan and thought the more commonly spelled Allen made a good last name. sports broadcaster. quoted in Graham McCann. Sullivan was at first a juggler.’ Contrary to the popular belief that his choice was an hommage to one musician or another. Allen: Allan Pinkerton (1819– 1884). Fred Allen: John Florence Sullivan (1894–1956). For Tentamen (1820) (its title from a Latin word meaning “trial”) Hook wrote as Vicesimus Blinkingsop. Talking Comedy. Allen. children’s writer. April 9. songwriter. Woody Guthrie. popular singer. The assumed name was that of a member of Cromwell’s cavalry.S. novelist. F. Mary Allerton: Mary Christine Govan (1897– . who wanted to conceal from the Keith-Albee vaudeville booking office that Allen was performing in a competing New York theater.M. U. Sc.. lawyer. boxer. Terry Allen: Edward Albert Govier (1924– 1987). Gene Allen: Eugene Sufana (1928–). movie actor. ‘a slightly comic appropriateness and is not completely off the tracks. The lawyer’s birth name is given in some sources as Malcolm B. Austral.. Peter Allen: Peter Allen Woolnough (1942– 1992). Elizabeth Allen: Elizabeth Allen Gillease (1934–). he said. He used the name Dan Banim for comic histories told in Irish English. of Pol. movie actress. He changed his name to Macon Bolling Allen by act of the Massachusetts legislature in 1844. Allen adopted his nickname.S. U. His new name. 1925 [The Times. April 6. descent. U. Presson married British-born movie director Lewis Allen (1905–2000). William Allen: Edward Sexby (?–1658).. He became Fred Allen in 1918 after tiring of telling people that he was not a member of the Jesse James Gang. humorist. movie actor. Eventually he thought of Woody and settled on it because it had. In 1952. Govier gave two accounts of his new name.. Macon Bolling Allen: A. he insists. Macon Bolling (1816– 1894). detective. Eng. ed. but Mel Allen was the broadcaster for the New York Yankees. Later.S.. he recalled how.S. U. when he had started sending jokes to New York newspapers.E. for his first three plays. “Mate of mine called Terry Allen got killed. U. The Essential Dave Allen. advocating the assassination of Oliver Cromwell (to whom the work was ironically dedicated). was a tribute “to [frontiersman] Ethan Allen who had stopped using the name after the revolution. Mel Allen: Melvin Allen Israel (1913–1996).-born U. G. he stole the identity card of an Islington. Eng.S. London. The dramatist used this name. 2005]. but thereafter wrote under his real name.S. 2000. U. Eric Allen: Eric Allen Ballard (1908–1968). judge.Allen • Allerton by Paul Jackson. black editor.S. country singer. U. he says. playwright.” was his original version. Br. partly from his own first name. Roland Allen: Alan Ayckbourn (1939–). basketball coach. novelist.S. Bert Allerton: Albert Allen Gustafson (1889– 1958). Woody Allen. while for Exchange no Robbery (1820) he was Richard Jones.” The name was actually created for him by a William Fox Agency booking agent. Allen: Edmund Downey (1856–1937). the future actor decided to become a comedy writer under a new name. which he used during games. U.D. Phog Allen: Forrest Clare Allen (1885–1974). purely arbitrary and wholly unrelated to Woody Herman. magician. or even Woodrow Wilson” [Eric Lax. Woody Allen: Allen Stewart Konigsberg (1935–). He thought of Mel. stage. billed as Freddy James. Allenby see Ann Bridge Alfred Allendale: Theodore Edward Hook (1788–1841). U. newspaper boy called Terry Allen. The author also wrote as Paul Dallas and Edwin Harrison. movie actor. comic movie actor.S.’ like. after the writer Max Shulman.S. was August 11. U.

Mother Alphonsa: Rose Lathrop. Claud Allister: William Claud Michael Palmer (1891–1970). Almedingen: Martha Edith von Almedingen (1898–1971). 1920]. playwright.. Eng. Alston first spelled his surname with a single “l” in about 1790 to avoid being taken for his cousin. poet. U.S. who had encouraged her when she was a promising young writer. The sister of Dante Gabriel Rossetti first used this name for seven poems appearing in the Pre-Raphaelite journal The Germ in 1850. Eng. But there are certain other links. William Allston. missionary. The dancer adopted her stage name when training with the Polski Ballet of Poland. The daughter of novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne took this name after joining the Dominican Order. When it was derided by the critics. novelist. Wanda Alpar: Rosalind Isabel Appleton-Collins (1927–2009). Eng. The initials are those of the writer’s two first names. E. dancer. In her own History of Christian Names (1863). V.M. the formation in the constellation of Ursa Major (Great Bear). Al.’ In that prodigal spirit the editor of the Star invites me to join the constellation that he has summoned from the vasty deeps of Fleet Street” [Alpha of the Plough. Welsh poet.. Altayev: Margarita Vladimirovna Yamshchikova (1872–1959). I will hitch my little wagon to that sublime image. U. published at his own expense. .N. David Allyn: Albert DiLello (1923–). Russ. legislator. singer.23 ?). Alpha: James Fitton (1899–1982). biographer. Charles’s Wain. medical worker. he bought up all the copies and destroyed them. novelist.: Charlotte Maria Tucker (1821–1893). “On Choosing a Name. A. popular singer. Jesuit missionary. Peter Altenberg : Richard Engländer (1859– 1919). Alpha of the Plough: Alfred George Gardiner (1865–1946). and we commend them to the reader as of exceeding beauty” [Hamst. circus artist. June Allyson: Eleanor Geisman (1917–2006). Mary Allitsen: Mary Frances Bumpus (1849– 1912). following the breakup of her marriage in 1895. The author adopted her new surname from that of a character in A Widow’s Story by the Russian poet Yakov Polonsky. stage. At least he had preserved his true identity. p. children’s writer.” and the suggestion of “aloe” (the plant. Russ. popular singer. working in Brazil. “This Aloe is not at all in keeping with her cognomen.. the Plough. The initials were intended to stand for “A Lady of England. Br. McCall Sister Allison: Allison Colleen Mason (1969–). biographer. Alltud Eifion: Robert Isaac Jones (1815–1905). Yonge interprets the name Alma as meaning either “fair” or “all good. née Hawthorne (1851–1926).. The writer also used the name J. Alli-Vad: Aleksandr Alekseyevich VadimovMarkelov (1895–1967). of It. Clay Allison see Wes Hardin Peter Allison see J. Alov : Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol (1809– 1852). for she has produced upwards of fifty pieces . Darby.” “Arcturus. writer.” and the name George. poet. nun. movie actress. cartoonist. The pen name is primarily of astronomical origin.” and “Vega. John Almeida: John Meade (1572–1653).S. There at the head of the Plough flames the great star that points to the pole. Eng. I will be Alpha of the Plough” [ibid. referring to the brightest star (Alpha Ursae Majoris) in the Plough (Big Dipper). novelist. conjuror.E. under the above initials. The celestial source was suggested to the writer to accord with the title of his editor’s paper: “‘As for your name. Alicia Alonso: Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad del Cobre Martínez del Oyo (1921–). planter. Great Bear. the first of the Crimean War. parentage. Russ. painter. U. which may or may not have been intentional. editor. writer. Austr.” this being a historic district of northwest Wales..S. The dancer took her surname from her first husband. reversed.L. I offer you the whole firmament to choose from. Br. Ellen Alleyn: Christina Georgina Rossetti (1830–1894).P. Alma: Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823–1901). vaudeville dancer.O. also a dancer. Eng.S. songwriter.” while even Gardiner has a similar rustic association. children’s writer. Eng. U.]. William Alston: William Allston (1757–1839). for his early poem of German idyllic life. Fernando Alonso. “Alpha” suggests “Alfred.” appears to be echoed in the “Plough. and possibly she adopted the pen name at about this time for her early writing. Hanz Küchelgarten (1828). Gogol used the Alleyn • Altenberg name. the Chariot of David. the Dipper. meaning “farmer.S.” Gardiner makes his choice: “My eye roves northward to where the Great Bear hangs head downwards as if to devour the earth. novelist. movie actor.” Selected Essays. Br. U.-born Eng. Eng. After considering names such as “Orion. Russ. Cuban ballet dancer.11]. the homeland of many poets.” and perhaps she intended this sense for herself. illustrator. The writer’s name means “Alltud of Eifionydd. The actress’s new surname derived from the pet form of her first name. apparently formed from letters in his full name. with its bitter drug) appears to be merely coincidental. essayist. black radio DJ. But she also rightly relates the name to the Battle of Alma (1854). writer.

philologist. Welsh poet. It. Tunnah (?–). Russ. movie actor. conductor.S. Eng.” Delia Alton see H. Alun Cilie: Alun Jeremiah Jones (1897–1975). 24 Samuil Alyoshin: Samuil Iosifovich Kotlyar (1913–). Victor Ambroise see Horatio Nicholls Ambrose: (1) Andrey Yushkevich (1690–1745). preacher. Hollywood Be Thy Name: The Warner Brothers Story. The scholar’s adopted name is Italian for “pupil. opera singer. An altered first name and an anagrammatized surname. U. on which he was born. The author used this name for chronicles published in El Plata Illustrado over the period 1871–72.–Ger. Ger. Jr.D. Kirk Alyn: John Feggo. Don Alvarado: Joseph Paige (1904–1967). writer. Br. Lucine Amara: Lucine Armaganian (1927–). Amedeo: Amedeo Vacca (1890–1974). John Alton: Janos (or Jacob) Altman (1901– 1996). Jean Améry: Hans Mayer (1912–1978). U. illustrator. Argentinian writer. dance critic. Br. (6) Andrey Antipovich Ornatsky (1778–1827). children’s writer. Of Jewish origin. Ambrose.” Luigi Alva: Luis Ernesto Alva-Tolledo (1927–). U. Hanns Mayer. U. Max Alvary: Maximilian Achenbach (1856– 1898). Y Cilie. movie choreographer. Amalfi: William F.S. (8) Aleksey Iosifovich Klyucharev (1821–1901). Giuseppe Amato: Giuseppe Vasaturo (1899– 1964). Br.-born U. movie actor. Kenneth Alwyn: Kenneth Alwyn Wetherell (1925–). Estonian writer. Br. Austr. the name of a Los Angeles street” [Cass Warner Sperling and Cork Millner. Alvar: Eduarda Mansilla de García (1838– 1892). U.S. (4) Avraam Serebrennikov (or Serebryakov) (1745– 1792). movie actor. magician. Don Ameche: Dominic Felix Ameche (1908– 1993). The pioneer of Holocaust survival literature evolved his pen name by a roundabout route. working in Italy. illusionist. Betti Alver: Elizabet Lepik (1906–1989). Bill Amac: Robert William Macfarland (1890– 1961). of It. preacher.S. translator. stage. given him by Jack L. (9) Baruch Ambrose (1896– 1971). novelist. Hung. “Having played variations on the name he was born with several times — Hans Mayer. monk. Russ. Chin.’ The only Spanish Jack knew was Alvarado.. Alyett: Alfred Auzet (1885–1975). of Armenian descent. church dignitary. composer. Russ.S. writer. magician. Libero Altomare: Remo Mannoni (1883–1966).1848–1914).S. Miles Amber: Ellen Melicent Sickert.S. Russ. Blackwell was born in Flintshire. movie actor. Russ. religious writer. in 1941 and became an American citizen in 1946. (7) Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov (1812–1891). Carl Amery: Christian Anton Mayer (1922–). Russ. which flows through that county. The heroic pseudonym can be taken to mean “free (on the) high seas. A-Mei: Sherry Chang Huei-Mei (1972–). in the style of Rudolph Valentino. movie producer. parentage. Warner. composer. When the actor had auditioned as Joseph Paige. (2) Andrey Stepanovich Zertis-Kamensky (1708–1771). . translator. 4th-century bishop of Milan. father of Joy Page. He immigrated to the U. conductor. religious writer. 1994]. It. preacher. Danny Alvin: Danny Viniello (1902–1958). It. Br. The writer used this name for the tragic novel Wistons (1902). opera singer. The silent screen actor’s name. accorded with his “Latin lover” roles. Russ. The name in each case retains the initial letter of the original first name. Welsh poet. Jack said. Ger. George Amberg: Hans Aschaffenburg (1901– 1971). “Jack had given Alvarado his stage name. The poet took his second name from the farm. pianist. an old French Huguenot name in his mother’s family. Ger. Francesco Alunno: Francesco del Bailo (c. ‘You look Spanish. U. the aim being to prompt an accurate pronunciation.S. opera singer. popular singer. movie director.-born U. It.Althea • Améry Althea: Althea Braithwaite (1940–). (5) Aleksey Ivanovich Protasov (1762–1841). Ger. Russ. Burt Alvord see Wes Hardin Carl Alwin: Oskar Pinkus Alwin (1891–1945). Fr.S. Amberg fled Hitler’s Germany in 1933 under the name de Spina. Fr. Albert Alvarez: Raymond Gourron (1861– 1933). Richard Amberley: Paul Bourquin (1916–). Russ./Ir. Futurist poet. Robert Alton: Robert Alton Hart (1897–1957). writer. and the Welsh forename Alun is associated with the name of the Alyn River. you need a Latin name. Peruvian opera singer. Br. (3) Andrey Podobedov (1742–1818). Jewish writer. bandleader. jazz drummer. playwright. All of the Russian prelates assumed their monastic name (in Russian Amvrosy) in honor of St. preacher. mathematician. (1910–1999). He was the twelfth child of a family of poets who lived here. Alun: John Blackwell (1797–1840). prose writer. The name is bardic. Ameche’s Italian father had changed the spelling of his name from an original “Amici” to “Ameche” on immigrating to the U.-born magician. née Cobden (c.1485– 1556).S.

a Latin legal term (literally “friend of the court”) for an impartial adviser in a court case.S. Jorge Anders: Jorge Etzensberger (1939–).” Ananda Metteya: Charles Henry Allan Bennett (1872–1923). Ger. Both were brothers of the better-known adventure novelist Henry Rider Haggard (1856–1925).S. U. Only a Drummer Boy (1894). The singer adopted her new first name in 1985.S. Améry was more than a nom de plume. Ed Ames: Ed Ulrick (1927–). Israeli intelligence chief. Collier began his career as a law reporter on The Times and used this name. with the pseudonym in brackets. of Dan.S. Amnon: Rees Jones (1797–1844).S. parentage.-born U. Times Literary Supplement. author of “The Battle Hymn of the Republic. for an early work. after being billed in early movies under his real name. Mexicanborn U. author of King Solomon’s Mines (1885). Welsh poet. Ananda was the name of a cousin of the Buddha. actor. Eng. U. “Hohari” is Swahili for “Jewel. novelist. less than a nom de guerre. children’s writer on science and magic. movie. popular singer. U.. . Ger. Ana-Alicia: Ana Alicia Ortiz (1957–).25 Hans Maier — and having awarded himself an entirely spurious doctorate. literary scholar. where he was ordained in 1903. then to Burma (Myanmar). novelist. movie actress.S. Fr. U. beginning with the American-style Y’a pas de bon Dieu (“There Is No God”) (1950). movie actress. p. Uttar Pradesh. McLawler changed her name after her consciousness-raising by the future Haki R. Later works appeared under his real name. parentage. It. Dulce Anaya: Dulce Esperanza Wöhner de Vega (1933–). Anastasius IV: Corrado (di Suburra) (c.5]. The writer used this name for his first novel. soldier. “Mary” often sounds like “Merry” on an American tongue. poet. Lale Andersen: Lale Wilke. Gerhard von Amyntor: Dagobert von Gerhardt (1831–1910). Ind. Jennifer Ames see Maysie Greig Leon Ames: Leon Waycoff (1903–1993). The poet appears to have adopted the name of the biblical Amnon. and Harris.1073– 1154). U. finally took the decision to frenchify his name (actually an angaram of Mayer) only after the War. Arthur Amyand: [Major] Edward Arthur Haggard (1860–1925). a nom de paix. Cuban ballet dancer. Buddhist missionary. this Austrian émigré . and Allan Quatermain (1887). novelist. Foster. historian. daughter of Julia Ward Howe. soldier. Ill health prompted the first British bhikkhu (fully ordained Buddhist monk) to travel to the East. U. perhaps. U. October 1. née Bunterberg (1910–1972). which he attempted to finance by his own inventions. of part–Sc. Anagnos shortened his original name soon after his marriage in 1870 to Julia Romana Howe. It was. Johari Amini: Jewel Christine McLawler (1935–). rock singer. writer. pope. stage. 2004] Adrienne Ames: Adrienne Ruth McClure (1907–1947). Alfred Amtman-Briedit: Alfred Fritsevich Amtmanis (1885–1966). and she wanted names that would reflect her personality and her values of honesty and fidelity — values that she lived by and that she wanted her writings to convey” [Andrews. also a novelist and historian. Continuing poor health later obliged him to disrobe and return to Britain. more like a Tori. Jean (earlier John) Amila: Jean Meckert (1910– 1995). The writer used this name for a series of thrillers.” while “Amini” is Swahili for “honesty and fidelity. Argentinian-born U. Jean Améry. Criticisms on the Bar (1819). TV actor. Anastacia: Anastacia Lyn Newkirk (1973–). Madhubuti whom she met as a 32-year-old freshman. Amicus Curiae: John Payne Collier (1789– 1883). supposedly when a friend’s boyfriend commented that she “didn’t look much like an Ellen. forger. She (1887). Latvian theatrical director. although he continued Buddhist propaganda work.S. The actor adopted his new name in 1935. Amyntor was a warrior in Greek mythology. Anacharsis Cloots see Anacharsis Cloots Michael Anagnos: Michael Anagnostopoulos (1837–1906). Yet he continued to write in German rather than French” [Daniel Johnson. review of Irene HeidelbergerLeonard. jazz musician. U. movie director.” Kamal Amrohi: Syed Amir Haider Kamal Ames • Andersen (1918–1993). first to Ceylon (Sri Lanka). U. Gerald Ames: Gerald Otto (1906–1993). Anastasia see Anna Anderson Albert Anastasia: Umberto Anastasio (1902– 1957). Gk. The writer was born in Amroha.S. Ramsay Ames: Ramsay Phillips (1919 or 1924– 1998). the eldest of David’s sons. Eng.S.S pop singer. U. gangster. TV actress.S. Merry Anders: Mary Anderson (1932–). Meir Amit: Meir Slutzky (1921–2009).S. Some sources misattribute the pseudonym to Haggard’s brother.” “Amini believes that the meaning of a name becomes an inherent part of the person carrying that name. educator of the blind.. Br. movie actress. Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Charles Parker Haggard (1854–1923). black writer.S. soul singer. Tori Amos: Myra Ellen Amos (1963–).

writer. Spange. Ted Andrews. Andrews’ editors decided to publish her fiction under her initials in order to mask her gender. Austral. Sc. It. Andrea del Castagno: Andrea di Bartolo de Bargilla (c. The actress appears to have selected a new first name to match those of her parents. R&B singer. a Canadian singer. In 1945 it became Wanger. and Allan Gordon (1892). movie actor.S. née Scrutton (1922–). taking his new name in 1966.-born U. adopted her new name when in Germany.” sthenos. Eng. U. Ruby Andrews: Ruby Stackhouse (1947–). Stephen Andrew: Frank G. “strength”. humorist. Mann. if only for distinction from the many other Andersens in Denmark.S. brother of Steve Forrest.” Brother Andrew: Ian Travers-Ball (1928–2000). “wolf. Corinne Andrews see Rebecca West Dana Andrews: Carver Daniel Andrews (1912– 1992). Eng. movie actress. ballet dancer. Andom: Alfred Walter Barrett (1869–1920).” pedion. Port. I think it’s very likely that I would be discriminated against as a woman in a man’s field” [Douglas Winter. choreographer. Feld. He later joined it to his surname. Florence. “bracelet. with the third word representing his birthtown. V. former brother-in-law of Gloria Somborn. James and Jessie. priest.” oros. Berg. working in U. Diana Anderson: Adrienne Ralston Fox (1928–). impostor. after her mother divorced Seattle lumberman John Fox and married writer Gene Markey (who later married Hedy Lamarr and Myrna Loy). and added his name to hers as Julie Andrews Edwards for her books Mandy (1972) and The Last of the Really Great Whangdoodles (1973). He also expanded the name to Robert Andom. after a visit to America. German. andro-. Faces of Fear: Encounters with the Creators of Modern Horror.C. She is recorded as saying: “Without the initials.S. poet. née . Austral. ballet dancer. artist. Eng. The claimant to the person and title of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolayevna Romanova (1901–1918). Layton (1872–1941). Thomas Andrew: Edward Thomas Andrulewicz (1932–1984). movie actor. elder daughter of Gloria Swanson. novelist. U.S. theologian. writer. The similarity of her adopted name to that of the Russian heiress was presumably intentional rather than purely coincidental. In 1969 she married her second husband. Anna Anderson: Franziska Schankowska (1896– 1984). Dan. It. youngest daughter of Czar Nicholas II of Russia.1421–1457). and his father was a tailor.S. “field. A Cruise in an Opium Clipper (1891). Eng. The only daughter of movie actress Joan Bennett (1910–1990) assumed the first name Diana early in life. a character who featured in a story by Peter B. Pierre Andrezel: Karen Christentze Blixen. movie actor. The actress assumed the name of her stepfather. The scholar’s pseudonym is a literal Greek rendering of his original name.-born U. Gothic horror novelist. The artist was born near Castagno San Godenzo. movie actress. U. “tailor.S. U.1570–1636). she married history professor John Manahan and moved to the USA.S. [Dame] Judith Anderson: Frances Margaret Anderson (1898–1992). after her mother married Walter Wanger. Annette André: Annette Andreallo (1939–). It became Anderson in 1948. Tige Andrews: Tiger Androwaous (1920–). A rather transparent pun for a humorous writer. and took his name from there. Hence “del Sarto. when she herself married real estate agent John Hardy Anderson. In 1969. The writer was a captain in the merchant marine and used this name in retirement for three tales of seafaring life: Among Typhoons (1891). the gambler-turned-priest set up a charity with Mother Teresa. painter. “mountain”.S. 1985]. Lebanese-born U. director Blake Edwards. movie actress. painter. R. Härte.K. The writer originally used the pseudonym Nexö. The western film hero originally changed his name to Gilbert Anderson. Eng. Andrews: Virginia Cleo Andrews (?1923– 1986). Ger. psellion. as follows (in order Greek.S. U. In 1936 her surname became Markey. Broncho Billy Anderson: Max Aronson (1882– 1971). Wolf. taking this from the town on the island of Bornholm where his father was born. Andrea del Sarto: Andrea d’Agnolo di Francesco (1486–1530). stage. Anderson produced and directed a series of films starring him. movie actress.” from Italian sarto. The artist’s family had been craftsmen and tradesmen. Martin Andersen-Nexö: Martin Andersen (1869–1954). U. movie actress. Kyne in the Saturday Evening Post.Andersen-Nexö • Andrezel Andersen gained international fame for her recording of “Lili Marleen” (see Marlene Dietrich). Mansfeld. English): lykos. then adopted his new first name from Broncho Billy. Eugénio de Andrade: José Fontinhas (1923– 2005). Captain Lindsay Anderson: Alexander Christie (1841–1895). After training with the Jesuit mission in India.” Lycosthenes Psellionores Andreopediacus: Wolfhart Spangenberg (c. [Dame] Julie Andrews: Julia Elizabeth Wells (1935–). “man. playing the part himself when unable to find a suitable actor. U. poet. 26 Fern Andra: [Baroness] Fern Andra von Weichs (1893–1974).S.S. Daphne Anderson: Daphne Carter.-born U. Pol. Ger.

” Anise: Anna Louise Strong (1885–1970). Jennifer Aniston: Jennifer Anistonapoulos (1969–). Fra Angelico: [Fra] Giovanni da Fiesole (c.S. Franciscan priest. but thereafter dropped “Lane. educator. jester. Mother Angela: Eliza Marie Gillespie (1824– 1887). The writer presumably took his name from one of the early Greek poets or philosophers. Francis. Angelina: Harriet Martineau (1802–1876). This name became established only after Andro • Anita his death. movie actor. Angoulevant was jester to Henri IV. U. because of the beauty of his character.” It originated as a nickname. Ger. TV actress. Antonio Aniante: Antonio Rapisarda (1900– 1983).S. Maya Angelou: Marguerite Annie Johnson (1928–).” after a 12th-century Sicilian anchorite.S. publicist. religious poet. Anglus see Thomas Blacklow Angoulevant: Nicolas Joubert (?–before 1623). while her forename was originally a pet name given her by her brother Bailey. Joseph: Joseph Labrosse (1636– 1697). Dan. The name can be understood as “angel of St. twin sister of Marisa Pavan. and adopted his name accordingly. historian. journalist.. meaning “Silesian messenger. Horace Andy: Horace Hinds (1951–). Rosalia. working in U. Hence the Latin name that he took in 1653 on converting from Lutherism to Catholicism.” (literally “blessed angelic one”). U. painter. U. black poet. Russ. using at least ten pseudonyms. movie actress. U. also writing as Isak Dinesen.S. Lithuanian revolutionary. writer. The scholar’s name means literally “Angel of St. Andronicus: John William Jones (1842–1895). stage. Eng. a Jesuit resident in London (1756).S.” Jean Angelo: Jean Barthélémy (1875–1933). Pier Angeli: Anna Maria Pierangeli (1932–1971). is thus the one given here. purporting to be a translation. missionary. The scholar’s name means literally “Angel of St. Olga Androvskaya: Olga Nikolayevna Shults (Schultz) (1898–1975).1400–1455). . as a Dominican friar. Joseph. The writer’s surname is that of a Greek husband. author. Eng. U. Andrezel is the name of a village east of Paris. The actress’s family name conveniently divides to form a new first and last name. Battista Angeloni: John Shebbeare (1709–1788). Phil Andro: Samuel Morris Steward (1909– 1993). but in 1952 became a tattooist under the name Phil Sparrow. Shebbeare used the Italian-style name for his political satire. criticizing the German occupation of Denmark. Steward began his career as a teacher. She subsequently became mother superior of the community under the single name Angela. opera singer. Its full title was Letters on the English Nation. Rosalie: François Raffard (1655– 1726). Jamaican reggae singer. U. playwright. The poet’s adopted name means “friendly.” Kenneth Anger: Kenneth Wilbur Anglemyer (1927–). [Sir] Norman Angell: Ralph Norman Angell Lane (1873–1967). Anis: Mir Babar Ali (1801–1874). Muriel Angelus: Muriel Angelus Findlay (1909– 2004). It. The author.” was that of the hero of several collections of short stories dealing with gay male sex. Eng.-born Austr. Gasparo Angiolini: Domenico Maria Angiolo Gasparini (1731–1803). Gillespie received the habit of the Marianites of Holy Cross in 1853 and was given the religious name of Sister Mary of St. Anita Louise: Anita Louise Fremault (1915– 1970). Fr. The author of the influential The Great Illusion (1910) published Patriotism under Three Flags (1903) under his original name. movie actress. The actress was first billed under her shortened name as a juvenile in the silent movie Square Shoulders (1929). Hinds was nicknamed Andy as a tribute to fellow songwriter Bob Andy by reggae musician Coxsone Dodd. poet.” Ange de St. Hung. It.S. It. Angelus à Sancto Francisco: Richard Mason (1601–1678). by Battista Angeloni.S. political writer. writer. moviemaker. choreographer. Jamaican reggae musician. Fr.27 Dinesen (1885–1962).S. Ind. Eng. Tosh Angelos. A name formed from the writer’s first two names. stage. Fr. “Beato Angelico. attacking the Duke of Newcastle. meaning “man lover. and his religious name. It. movie actress. such as Andronicus of Rhodes. Bob Andy: Keith Anderson (1944–). the 1st-century commentator on Aristotle. with “Fra” meaning “brother. working in Persia. composer. poet. Ange de St. He was beatified as a saint in 1960 and was effectively canonized in 1984 on being declared patron of artists. religious.” Angelus Silesius: Johannes Scheffler (1624– 1677). U. Welsh essayist. The Renaissance painter’s original (lay) name was Guido di Pietro. Sc. working in Kenya. The writer’s Greek-based pen name. In 1958 he turned to writing. The poet was a native of Silesia. movie actress. writer. Fr. poet. Margit Angerer: Margit von Rupp (1905– 1978). Zigmas Angaretis: Zigmas Ionovich Aleksa (1882–1940). used the male French name for her book Gengoedelsens Beje (translated as “The Angelic Avengers”) (1944). Angela.

fiction writer. And so it was. U. Br. Swiss-born Russ. But Ann-Margret” [Ann-Margret with Todd Gold. was “S. novelist. Annabelle: Annabelle Moore.S. Anna Matilda: (1) Hester Lynch Piozzi. Mother Ann: Ann Lee (1736–1784). TV presenter + Declan Donnelly (1975–). singer. was called “Matilda” by William Gifford in his two satires. both directed against the Dellacruscan school of English poetry.” in the style of Jane Austen’s day. as a corruption of Irish Abha na Life. p. friar. it’s the first name — you know — the Garden of Eden.” James Joyce personified the river as Anna Livia Plurabelle in Finnegans Wake (1939).60]. Anstey. under the male name Charles Henry Percy. Eng. Anstey: Thomas Anstey Guthrie (1856– 1934). Br. (“Mr. Schoolgirl Rebels (1915). when he asked a friend to design a tattoo for his upper left arm. rock singer. The actress was given her new name by the French movie director Abel Gance. producer. playwright.” “When I had the tattoo done. Adam Ant: Stuart Leslie Goddard (1954–). Anstey. The original form of the pseudonym. Ir.S. U. then Buchan (c. eastern Ireland. January 10. Swe. stage. F. so that he was “Adam and the Ants” [Observer Magazine.S. movie actor. Anna Livia: Anna Livia Julian Brawn (1955–). [Metropolitan] Anthony: Andrey Borisovich Bloom (1914–2003). Jewish author. Anna Livia is a folk name of the Liffey River. Her first play. later Whitford. writer. movie actress. née Parkhouse (1743–1809). Annabella: Suzanne Georgette Charpentier (1909–1996). Goddard was at the Hornsey College of Art. movie actress. prelate. cartoonist.” for two books of verse. The great-niece of poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge used this name. Another Lady: Marie Dobbs. Eng. U.” which he allowed to remain. Fr. which had several variants. London.-born Br. From then on. U.” and “Ant” thus became his surname. It wasn’t an affectation. genealogist. movie actress. Ant and Dec: Anthony McPartlin (1975–).) He soon adopted the surname for the group of four he sang with. movie director. composer. poet. after her first husband. Hester Piozzi. Austr. Thrale. (2) Hannah Cowley. Clark (1909–?). Barbara Annandale see Avon Curry Annette: Annette Funicello (1942–). author. Eng. 1982]. Austral. Greek for “way up. Adam is a very strong name. Fr. It was just my way of ensuring that my parents were not hurt. The same name was used by both women in their correspondence with the Della Cruscans (see Della Crusca).S. née Catton (c. Gilbert Anstruther: Russel S. The name was used by Dobbs for her completion (published 1975) of Jane 28 Austen’s unfinished novel Sanditon (written 1817). so that the combined authorship was credited to “Jane Austen and Another Lady. Anodos: Mary Elizabeth Coleridge (1861–1907). TV presenter. Ann-Margret: Ann-Margret Olsson (1941–). he called himself “Adam. Ant for you. Eng.-born U. Franz Antel: François Legrand (1913–). “river (of ) Liffey. Eng.K. folklorist.” from his first two names. Nor was it an attempt to be different. telling how a father and son change bodies with the aid of a magic stone. illustrator. “I really went in for it.1920–). Smith sold a screenplay.” appropriately for the author of Vice Versa (1882). I associate it with strength. the word ADAM on top. Fr. working in U. Not Ann. A printer misprinted this as “F. writing in Yiddish. or bothered by anything that might happen as a result of my being in show business. founder of Shaker movement. “the name ‘Anna Matilda’ has passed into a synonym of namby-pamby verse and sentimental fiction” [Smith. Marie Dobbs also wrote as Anne Telscombe. Br. dramatist. the whole thing set just above his vaccination mark. movie actress. Anthony: Dorothy Gladys Smith (1896– 1990). Freddie Anoka: Janine Baganier (1924–). S. Not Miss Margaret. Austral. As a personal name. Au- . writer of popular fiction. skirt dancer. Ansky: Solomon Zanvel Rappoport (Shloyme Zaynvl Rapoport) (1863–1920). Anouk see Anouk Aimée Père Anselme: Pierre de Guibours (1625–1694). It has been pointed out that this suggests “fantasy.Ankrum • Anthony Morris Ankrum: Morris Nussbaum (1896– 1984). I didn’t know of any performers who went by one name. mystic.” said the girl on the telephone. Fancy’s Following (1896) and Fancy’s Guerdon (1897). Eng. As a teenager. Anthony: Anthony Hutchings (1946–).” The strength was further incorporated by adding “ant” to make “adamant. Russ.L. who took it from Edgar Allan Poe’s lyrical ballad Annabel Lee (1849). This was a heart pierced with a dagger.” he said. 1994]. Ann-Margret. children’s writer. embarrassed. “I made my decision to drop my last name and simply go by Ann-Margret. The writer intended his pseudonym to be “T. An — sky. author.1878–1961).” implying missing letters. C. poet. née Salusbury (1741–1821). better known as Mrs. PURE and SEX on either side.S. The Baviad (1791) and The Maeviad (1795). Today.

Br. Evelyn Anthony: Evelyn Bridget Patricia WardThomas (1928–). But at 16 I started fashion modeling and adopted my father’s stage name and became Lysette Anthony — anyway. sculptor.S. and she continued to use this name until 1935. António: António Ruíz Soler (1922–1996). Lysette Anthony: Lysette Chodzka (1963–).S.S. Franciscan friar. Sp. The artist came to be known by his nickname. The cleric was originally known as Antonio de Sedella (for his birthplace) in his native Spain. David Anthony: Wiliam Dale Smith (1929– 1986). meaning “the ancient one. following her mother’s death in about Anthony • Antony 1825 and entered the Sisters of Charity community ten years later. Sp. of Pol. We worked out the style and submitted some drawings which were accepted. salsa musician. Julie Anthony: Julie Nutt.-born U.-born Br.L. civil servant. At the age of 15 he accordingly entered a monastery to become a Franciscan monk and in due course a priest. but then when I was ten I played a precocious kitten in Pinocchio in the West End and decided to call myself Lysette Elrington. descent. (2) Antonio Lopez (1943–1987). director.S. Joseph Anthony: Joseph Anthony Deuster (1912–1993). Anton’ had a sophisticated continental ring that the editorial staff would appreciate. but with the ‘J. John Anthony: Ronald Brymer Beckett (1891– 1970).-born U. Anthropos: Robert David Rowland (c. Dominican lay brother. O. my mother was Bernadette Milnes and my name was Lysette Chodzka — the female version of the [Polish] family name. Antoine: Antek Cierplikowski (1884–1977). songwriter. Piers Anthony: Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (1934–). It. Jack Anthony: John Anthony Herbertson (1900–1962). religious. pop musician. Father Antoine: Francisco Antonio Ildefonso Moreno y Arze (1748–1829). Pol. U. using the pet form of her first name. 1997]. When I first went to school at a convent I was asked my name and got terribly confused.’ dropped from the name” [Punch. Mark Anthony: Marco Antonio Muñiz (1969–). of Pol.S. Father Antony. poet. journalist. née Lush (1952–). and lecturer. The artist originally shared this name with her brother. He later realized he was mistaken in his calling and left the Church in 1896 to pursue a career under his original name as an author. dancer. Lopez “dropped his surname only when his fame was sufficient to allow him to do so” [Sunday Times. pop musician. fashion illustrator.” Dr. Sister Anthony: Mary O’Connell (1814–1897). U. the writer was led to believe he had a religious vocation. movie actor. Anton: Beryl Botterill Yeoman. for the cartoons they published jointly from 1937. comedian.” with reference to his classically inspired statuettes. ballet dancer.S. writer. TV actress. October 12–18. That was complicated enough. Mike Anthony: Michael Joseph Logiudice (1930–1999). had recently converted to Roman Catholicism and had adopted the name Antonia.] Anthony of Padua: Fernando (1195–1231). detective novelist. stage actor.1853– 1944).S. U. Eng. 1983].-born Fr.S. Puerto Rican–born U. 1996]. Anthony. Harold Underwood Thompson (1911–1996). SF writer. Michael Anthony: Michael Adam Anthony Chodzko (1911–1998). mystery novelist. descent. February 23. screenwriter. Port. a name she hated.” L’Antico: Pier Jacopo di Antonio Alari Bonacolsi (c. U. The writer’s Greek name means simply “human being. Eng.S. poet. cabaret singer. Roman Catholic priest.-born U. Ray Anthony: Raymond Antonini (1922–). Sc. Pessimist Anticant: Thomas Carlyle (1795– 1881). As a boy. [St. She then wrote as Dodie Smith. Father Antony: Joseph McCabe (1867–1955). but then became Father Antoine after taking a post as a missionary priest in Louisiana in 1781. churchman. was written as C. writer. nurse.29 tumn Crocus (1931).S. Austral. Welsh journalist. I said my father’s name was Michael Anthony. Br. Brother Antoninus: William Oliver Everson (1912–1994). writer. Ir.S. choreographer. The actress gave the following account of the evolution of her name: “My father appeared with Ivor Novello in King’s Rhapsody and decided that Chodzki was no good as a stage name: so he became Michael Anthony. when he was known as the Very Rev. He explained: “Beryl.S. stage. father of Lysette Anthony.F. receiving the name Sister Anthony. philosopher. Austral. hairdresser. Eng. née Thompson (1907–1970). if your name starts with letter A you are always first in the casting directories” [Telegraph Sunday Magazine. Richard Anthony: Richard Anthony Bush (1938–). U. . cartoonist. “Anticant” means “anticant. Antonio: (1) Antonas Ignosovich Markunas (1915–1977). Br. U. O’Connell emigrated to the U.S. after my grandmother. Sc. Latvian circus artist. U. The singer’s Puerto Rican parents named him after a Mexican singer. and he adopted the name in an English equivalent.1460–1528). I thought ‘J. April 17. many of which were versions of famous antique statues.

however. The name actually represents the cartoonist’s initials (adding a lower bar to the “F”). The writer’s name means “little son” (Welsh ap. writer. folk hero. his twin brother. parentage. to imitate Ximenes.1970s).F. Dimitrijevic adopted a Latin “underground” name meaning “The Bee. (fl.S. parentage. “aspen. Palestinian re- . SF writer. stage actress. Ape: Carlo Pellegrini (1839–1889). GAK. based on Latin apis. It.” and bychan. U. while a caricaturist is essentially an “aper” anyway. reggae musician. of It. Williams had referred jokingly to himself as a “hairy lefty. U. U.Antony • Arafat Hilda Antony: Hilda Antonietti (1886–?). Johnny Appleseed: John Chapman (1774– 1845). The Archbishop of Wales (from 2003 Archbishop of Canterbury) was inducted into the Gorsedd of Bards under this name in 2002. The musician used this name for his definitive work. and PCP. Jr.-It. Eng. probably for the sake of euphony” [p. playwright. since a caricature “apes” its subject. Derived from the Minute Historical Accuracy of the Scriptures of the Old Testament. Apsnš u J`kabs: JInis Jaunzemis (1858–1929). Eng. Williams (1950–). “ambient techno” rock musician. parentage. Apex: Eric Chalkley (1917–2006). among them Caustic Window.” referring to the tree in front of his study window.” referring both to his father. “little”).” Ap Neurin: [Dr.” meaning a bearded Labour supporter. Apache Indian: Steve Kapur (1967–). creator of Britain’s innovatory National Health Service. Ir. poet. Crosby. drawn over the name “Singe” (French for “monkey”). the name has a double sense. working in England. U. Sc. as notably was Ape. Ger. Mme. Eng.S. Arachnophilus: Adam White (1817–1879). An official in the zoological department of the British Museum. Welsh theologian. queen of Hawaii.-born Br. Sc. Hamst comments: “This gentleman Welshified his name. Yasir Arafat: ar-Rachman ’abd ar-Ra’uf Arafat al-Qudwah al-Husayni (1929–2004). so it can legitimately be included here. Petrus Apianus: Peter Bienewitz (1501–1552). of Eng. German Biene.S. It. Col. was given to the man who planted apple seedlings for the frontier settlers in Pennsylvania. Fr. Ohio.18]. In typical cryptic crossword fashion. published in New York in 1864. Stratemeyer (1862–1930).” that is. A founder of the secret society Crna Ruka (“Black Hand”). some two years after settling in Paris. Eng. was a caricature of Disraeli published in the fashionable magazine Vanity Fair in 1869. Br. Guillaume Apollinaire: Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzki (1880–1918). Br. movie actor. Welsh harpist. The poet’s adopted name comes from his birthplace. “Aptommas” would mean “son of Thomas. Mr. the last sovereign queen of Hawaii used this pseudonym for her musical compositions.” Ap Vychan: Robert Thomas (1809–1880).” Apis: Dragutin Dimitrijevic (1876–1917). and Illinois. astronomer. crossword compiler. The artist chose his pen name to reflect the essentially mischievous nature of his work. The name means “son of Aneurin. caricaturist. “son. The name suggests “effects” rather than “affects. Br. App: Barry Ernest Appleby (1909–1996). meaning “spider lover. cartoonist. Blue Calx. Latvian writer. resulting in media taunts that the bardic name actually paid homage to the Welsh Labour politician Aneurin Bevan (1897–1960). art critic. Aphex Twin: Richard D. pianist. geographer. Aptommas: John Thomas (1826–1913). Peter Antony: [Sir] Peter Levin Shaffer (1926–). intriguer. A History of the Harp. Indiana. The writer took his new first name from Latvian apse. Dr. Aorena: Liliuokalani (1838–1917). Welsh prelate. Ritchie (1869–1918).” The experimental musician has recorded under a variety of surreal names.] Rowan D. Another contributor to this journal was Spy.Pol. Named Lydia Kamakeaha Paki by her adoptive parents.S. The twins also used this name for some early novels. The scholar adopted a Latin equivalent of his German name. of Ind. rock singer. James (1972–). Aneurin Williams. nurseryman. The second word of the name is the equivalent of Jacob. Aper: Alec P. political cartoonist. playwright + Anthony Joshua Shaffer (1926– 2001).” for A Contribution towards an Argument for the Plenary Inspiration of Scripture. The Stratemeyer Literary Syndicate set up in 1906 used this name for stories about the boy-hero Tom Swift. poet. Ape’s first effort. White adopted this Greek name. The name. and to the 6th-century 30 Welsh poet Aneurin. Fiona Apple: Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart (1977–). the town of L’Aquila in central Italy. Victor Appleton: Edward L. “bee. Christopher Anvil: Harry C. Scott Antony: Anthony Scott (1950–). The poet adopted his pseudonym in 1902. as Proved by Certain Ancient Eg yptian and Assyrian Remains Preserved in the British Museum (1851). naturalist. Serbian solder. indicating not only a “top” compiler but one who aimed to “ape X. Serafino Aquilano: Serafino Ciminelli (1466– 1500). properly a nickname. writer. caricaturist.born Br. He adopted it.

] John Graham (1924–). Russ. movie actor.” and Greek -phil. A synonymous name change. which he subsequently adopted as his nom de guerre. priest. as he was a relative of the grand mufti of Jerusalem.” and the place is mentioned in the Koran: “When you come running from Arafat remember God as you approach the sacred monument” (2:198). U. “altar. crossword compiler. Father Archangel: John Forbes (1571–1606). This was a surprising decision. Inside the PLO (1991). writer. Armenian ballet dancer. The name derives from Arabic ’arafa. The name may mean “loving the altar. Eng. friar. The French-Canadian writer adopted a new name on first assuming a new persona as an explicit recorder of her sexual experiences. taking “j” as “i. Louis Aragon: Louis Andrieux (1897–1982). His poem Panopticum (1943). Charlotte Arand: Leopold von Sacher-Masoch (1836–1895). Sc. According to Neil C. poet. Austr.S. Protestant John Forbes joined the Catholic Capuchin order in Belgium and took the same religious name as his elder brother William (?–1591). Nelly Arcan: Isabelle Fortier (1973–2009). U. an exposé of Hitler’s henchmen. novelist. but Israeli intelligence files suggest it was as given here.” Stella Arbenina: Stella Meyendorff.e. The poet himself occasionally used pseudonyms. ar-Rachman means “the most gracious” and ar-Ra’uf “the compassionate.” Shio Aragvispireli: Shio Zakharyevich Dedabrishvili (1867–1926). daughter of the first Baron Powis. The writer’s pseudonym represents the Armenian name of the Araks River. Dmitry Ignatyevich Arakishvili: Dmitry Ignatyevich Arakchiev (1873–1953). The setter of cryptic puzzles in The Guardian appropriately adopted the botanical name of the monkey puzzle tree. The quest for legitimacy and identity was one of the major themes of Aragon’s work. Habington “dwells upon Castara’s chastity with wearisome iteration” [Dictionary of National Biography]. stage. If so. Gross (1912–1973). Say: ‘The Spirit is at my Lord’s command’” (17:85).” “easy. Anne Archer: Anne Bowman (1945–). writer on dancing.S. Archer see Arthur Ainslie Harry Archer: Harry Auracher (1888–1960). The man who gave the world the word “masochism” sometimes wrote under this name. Abu means “father” (in the literal or figurative sense) and al-amar means “the command of God. Resistance fighter. popular composer. was signed François la Colère. Georgian com- Aragon • Archibald poser. Surrealist poet. This flows along the border between Iran and Azerbaijan. Can. as if to mean “angry France. daughter of John Archer. Communist writer. who named him Aragon for the historic Spanish kingdom. Fr. movie actress. Armenian writer. movie actress. south of Georgia. Lucy Herbert. Livingstone and David Halevy. The writer took his name from the Aragvi River by which he was raised. The setter’s pseudonym is apparently not derived from letters in his real name but from the French poet Louis Aragon. whom he praises in a collection of love poems called Castara (1634).” “to know. it would relate to his wife. The musician gained the nickname . Georgian writer. crossword compiler. “chaste. Eng. The poet and patriot was the illegitimate son of Marguerite Toucas and Louis Andrieux. who was himself a direct descendant of Hussein (Hasan) (624–680).M. and thus from one of the most famous families in all Islam. née Whishaw (1887–1976).” with reference to a passsage in the Koran: “They put questions to you about the Spirit.31 sistance leader.-born Br. The name is a precise anagram. Eng. Br. the dropping of the name may have had something to do with the fact that al-Husayni had collaborated with Adolf Hitler during World War II. one of the most regular being Abu Amar.S. F. The scholar’s father changed the family name to ArcherHind on succeeding to his brother’s estate in 1869.” i. U. classical scholar. grandson of the prophet Muhammad. Early in life Arafat dropped his last two names (those of his family and clan) and changed his first name to Yasir. as well as that of Zoë von Rodenbach.” Of his original names. Arafat itself is the name of a valley around 12 miles from Mecca where a special ceremony is held by Muslims during a hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). for example. popular pianist. The exact form of the PLO leader’s original name is uncertain. John Archer: Ralph Bowman (1915–1999). “to learn. where he was born. Araucaria: [Rev. Richard Dacre Archer-Hind: Richard Dacre Hodgson (1849–1910). Arazi: Movses Melikovich Arutyunyan (1878– 1964). Fr. marriage. Ilya Arbatov: Ilya Ilyich Yagubyan (1894–1967). Archibald: Leon T. from Latin ara. Araphil: William Habington (1605–1654). musical director. The name Yasir means “rich. Aragon: Richard Rogan (1961–).” both epithets of Allah. Haj Amin al-Husayni (1893– 1974). Thoinot Arbeau: Jehan Tabourot (1519–1595).” “sacred”). Arafat used various names to conceal his identity as a revolutionary. a name perhaps meaning “sacred altar” (Latin casta. a former préfet de police and ambassador to Spain. The musician substituted the Georgian patronymic (“son of ”) suffix -shvili for the Russian -ev. In this work. U. Araucaria araucana.S.

was . Ariosto: [Rev. La Argentinita: Encarnación Lopez Julvez (1895–1945). Elizabeth Arden: Florence Nightingale Graham (1878–1966). which was that of the original owner of the New York salon where she set up her business. pop singer. To Ardelia. The name of the epic Italian poet Lodovico Ariosto (1474–1533) was widely adopted by “great” men. military historian. Sp.A. clergyman. She altered the first letter of this to become Tina Arena. dramatist. ballet dancer. although the lady herself had moved two doors further down Fifth Avenue. TV comedienne. journalist.– born Br. of Ir. Eve Arden: Eunice West. An unusual extraction of a surname from an existing forename. Imperio Argentina: Magdalena Nile del Río (1906–2003). She rather liked the name Elizabeth Hubbard. and assumed his French first names in the 1870s.S. Archibald was a Francophile.” Tudor Arghezi: Ion N. Eng. movie actress. Imanol Arias: Manuel Arias Domínguez (1956–).S. Rom. of It. “the little Argentinian. Pearl Argyle: Pearl Wellman (1910–1947). Rubinstein the “Madame. lyric poet. The name occurs in earlier English literature. Russ. so she 32 was Pina Arena. “Aretino” means “of Arezzo.] Edward Irving (1792–1834). and this gave his stage name. (The name was still on the window. founder of the Holy Catholic Apostolic Church. The actress is said to have adopted her name after looking over the cosmetics “Evening in Paris” (giving “Eve”) and “Elizabeth Arden” (giving “Arden”). Carina Ari: Carina Janssen (1897–1970). The singer was known at home as Pina (short for Filippina). Some accounts. Her rival in the cosmetic field was Helena Rubinstein. “A Retir’d Friendship. 1981]. It. Eng. so she instead chose Elizabeth Arden. née Quedens (1912– 1990). rock music manager. U.Arie. Argo: Abram Markovich Goldenberg (1897– 1968). Goethe. Elizabeth Arden was thus the “Miss” of the cosmetics world. ballet dancer. Argentine-born Sp. According to legend. singer. Graham’s original name was felt to be not sufficiently glamorous.) But “Elizabeth Graham” did not sound quite right. or used as a nickname for important writers of the 18th and 19th centuries. Tina Arena: Filippina Lydia Arena (1967–). so took a diminutive form of the name. Jules François Archibald: John Feltham Archibald (1856–1919). and Enoch Arden by Tennyson. A name formed from letters in the writer’s full name. father-in-law of Ozzy Osbourne. José Arigó: José Pedro de Freitas (1918–1971). say she took “Eve” from the heroine of a book she was reading at the time. S.” as one who enjoyed manipulating words. the ancient Greek poet Arion was cast into the sea by mariners but subsequently brought back to land by a dolphin. Ind. poet. But would she have been so closely familiar with these Victorian works? She reputedly made the final choice of name after posting letters to Elizabeth Arden “in care of Graham” to see what impact the name made on the envelope. movie. ballet dancer. The singer was given her second name by her mother. Sc. La Argentinita was younger than La Argentina. ballet dancer. playwright.” his native town.” Pietro Aretino: ? (1492–1556). by Elizabeth. Eng. (She was named India as she was born on Gandhi’s birthday. Can. Teodorescu (1880– 1967). stage. Arion: William Falconer (1732–1769). Greece. She is popularly said to have taken the name from a favorite book and a favorite poem. Austral. In 1933 he fled to Jerusalem to escape Nazi persecution. Don Arden: Harry Levy (1926–). however. Eng. Germany. and early in her singing career was originally billed as “Tiny Tina. descent. but Finch may have specifically adopted it from a poem.1970–). “sailor poet. Swe.Archibald • Ariosto “Archie Boy” during years of playing at parties and brothels. Goldenberg wrote both for the music hall and the circus.” Falconer went to sea as a boy and was the only officer to survive from the Britannia when she was wrecked off Cape Colonna. Pol. Ironically. poet. Argentine-born Sp. He also wrote under the anagrammatical name Partenio Etiro. Mordecai Ardon: Max Bronstein (1896–1992).) She also presents her name in the form India. The experience forms the basis of his poem The Shipwreck (1762).-born U.” and Coco Chanel the “Mademoiselle” [Margaret Allen. popular singer. for example.-born Israeli painter. Ardelia: Anne Finch. Arden adopted his new name in 1944 on beginning a career as a stand-up comic and singer. née Kingsmill (1661– 1720).” by Katherine Philips (“the Matchless Orinda”) (1632– 1648). like a dotcom name. The artist adopted his new name in 1926 on moving to Munich. A cosmetician needs a carefully selected and suitable name. Austral. satirist. Archimedes: [Sir] James Edward Edmonds (1861–1956). La Argentina: Antonia Mercé y Luque (1890– 1936). while also suggesting “argot. Argentine-born Sp. descent. stage actress. Selling Dreams. cosmetician. he was drowned at sea. Elizabeth and her German Garden. The writer’s original name is unknown. India Arie: India Simpson (c. movie actor. Brazilian native healer.

Fermín Espinosa Saucedo (1911–1978).-born author. Eng. Arkan • Arno Mkrtich Armen: Mkrtich Grigoryevich Arutyunyan (1906–1972). van Dodeweerd (1929–). Jr.S. William Joseph Arliss Andrews.33 “The Ariosto of Germany. U.-born Br. Br.S.S.S. U. Bulg. Georges Arnaud: Henri Girard (1918–). means “little armed one. (1912– 1988). Her bardic name means “the Irish lady. née Burge (1911–). Joyce Arling: Joyce Bell. U.S. Fr. Pollard settled in Cornwall following her marriage in 1928 and was made a bard of the Gorseth Kernow (Cornish Gorsedd) in 1938. took a new name for distinction from his identically named father. In 1957 the artist decided he wanted to be known by his first name alone.D. Harry Armstrong. Arkan: Zeljko Raznatovic (1952–2000). Leslie Arliss: Leslie Andrews (1901–1988). working in U. Armando: H. Can. Armand: Friedrich August Strubberg (1808– 1889). cartoonist. movie actor. novelist. Desi Arnaz: Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y Acha III (1917–1986). Lois . Fr. Austr. who in turn took it from his brother. Ger. theologian. Ger.S. Eng.” Jacobus Arminius: Jakob Hermandszoon (or Harmensen) (1560–1609). Armida: Armida Vendrell (1911–1989). Achim von Arnim: Karl Joachim Friedrich Ludwig von Arnim (1781–1831). novelist.” and Walter Scott “The Ariosto of the North. journalist. Du. director. The actress took her stage name in memory of Arlette. July 19. humorist. The final “d” is missing through a printer’s error on the cover of a catalog. “In the 1930s Arnold had contracted his name to Ed Arno. the writer told his readers that he was changing his name to Michael Arlen in order to deprive them “of their last excuse for my obscurity. movie actor. writer. For some reason she then decided that an English final “y” was more chic than a French “e. 2008]. (Van was his mother’s maiden name.S. (1904– 1968). He then took his regular name. basing it on the boxer who had coached him. movie. Armillita Chico: Miguel Espinosa Menéndez (1958–). Alan Wolf Arkin: Roger Short (1934–).S. crossword compiler. Jr. Du. A conventional latinization of the minister’s original surname. as this is set in the Auvergne. father of Leslie Arliss.-born Br. Arlodhes Ywerdhon: Margaret Pollard. Cuban-born U. movie director. stage.” Richard Arlen: Cornelius Richard Van Mattimore (1898–1976). Serbian paramilitary leader.A. The writer’s pen name emphasizes his nationality. Ed Arno’s work appeared in the New Yorker. stage actress. dramatist. TV actor. George Arliss: George Augustus Andrews (1868–1946). songwriter.” Arley: Miles Peter Andrews (?–1814).K. Eng.S. James Arness: James Aurness (1923–). Armenian writer. given by a former boxer. working in U. TV actor. novelist. Arman: Armand Pierre Fernandez (1928– 2005). Peter Arno.” Possibly Irving had the latter specifically in mind. artist. Robert Armstrong : Donald Robert Smith (1890–1973). The name. illustrator. Protestant churchman.S.S. He was unaware that Curtis Arnoux Peters had done something similar in 1925 and become Peter Arno” [The Times. found also for other bullfighters. son of George Arliss.–U. U. Dudley (or Ernest) Armytage: William Edward Armytage Axon (1846–1913).. The boxer first bore the ring name Melody Jackson. after originally being billed as Van Mattimore. Eng. dramatist. near Lake Tazenat. a character in Maupassant’s novel Mont-Oriol (1887). U.-born U. politician. Peter Arne: Peter Arne Albrecht (1920–1983). Juan Espinosa Saucedo. U. scholar. The matador took his name from his famed father.” reflecting her dedication to things Celtic.S. John Armour see Mark Carrel Anthony Armstrong: George Anthony Armstrong Willis (1897–1976). The setter’s pseudonym alludes to his love of early music. Br. In the preface to his first book. Fr. Henry Armstrong: Henry Jackson. writer. of Armenian parentage. the semiautobiographical London Venture (1920). whose work appeared in the New Yorker. Harold Arlen: Hyman Arluck (1905–1986). where Bathiat’s grandmother had lived. movie actress. U.-born U. movie.S. The actor took his stage name from his father. boxer. née Steuart Gladstone (1903–1996). U.) Arletty: Léonie Bathiat (1898–1992). Mexican movie actress. Leslie Arlen see Andrew York Michael Arlen: Dikran Kuyumdjian (1895– 1956). The artist. Mexican bullfighter. stage. working in U. Armonie: John Dawson (1946–). movie actor. From 1925 to 1933 Willis made a weekly contribution to Punch as simply A. Br. Ed Arno: Arnold Edelstein (1916–2008). Peter Arno: Curtis Arnoux Peters. after he heard him singing in the shower. The actor adopted his new name in 1924. U. Like his pseudonymous namesake.S. artist.S. movie actor. although not until after the other Arno’s death.. movie actor. cartoonist.

movie actor. The dancer’s adopted surname is a russianized version of the Bulgarian original. U. The actress first appeared under her stage name in 1891. novelist.S. The name. movie actor. Harry Arnold: Harry Arnold Persson (1920– 1971). Danny Arnold: Arnold Rothman (1925–). as for the U. Bulg.S. Sonia Arova: Sonia Errio (1927–2001). Artemisia: [Lady] Mary Wortley Montagu (1689–1762). Johnny Arthur: John Lennox Arthur Williams (1883–1951). Emmanuelle Arsan: Marayat Rollet-Andriane. conjuror. is also a proper first name.S. Cletto Arrighi: Carlo Righetti (1830–1906).-born U. George K.1895–1931).N. Bill Arp: Charles Henry Smith (1826–1903). writer. Arthur: George K. née Bernice Frankel (1922–2009). Margot Arnold: Petronelle Marguerite Mary Cook (1925–). poems. humorist. Arodin: Sidney J.S. The classical-looking name is an exact anagram of “Catherine. Swe. (2) Robert Arthaud (1925–).” Sig Arno: Siegfried Aron (1895–1975).” Bea Arthur: Beatrice Arthur.S. movie actress. of Ger. Marquise (Madame) de Rambouillet (1588–1665). to whom she erected the famous tomb known as the Mausoleum. Chilean-born U. Peter M. writer of letters. composer. Revolutionary commander Artemas Ward (see Artemus Ward) or the rather obscure St. working in U.-born Br. The actress’s first marriage to Robert Alan Arthur ended in divorce in 1950. movie actress. Sc. Algerian-born Fr. movie comedienne.S. movie producer. children’s author. movie songwriter. A payroll error listed the engineer’s name as “Peter M. Cecile Arnold: Cecile Laval Arnoux (or Arnole) (c. “Bill Arp” began his career in 1861 when he sent a letter to the Southern Confederacy. The name is almost certainly intended to suggest a comic rendering of “Wyatt Earp. Artemus: Arthur Hull Hayes (1890–1986). Arthur: Ruth Mabel Arthur Higgins (1905–1979). Mason’s The Book of Artemas (1919) was popular in its day. horror fiction. writer of detective stories.-born U. Can. movie producer. pianist Claudio Arrau (1903– 1991). U. Mark Arundel see G.S. her husband. Sc. Br. . circus artist. SF. Sidney J. parentage. Thai-born Fr. Ruth M.S.S. Arthur: Peter McArthur (1831–1903). Fr. crime writer. “memory man. movie actor. addressed to “Mr. Françoise Arnoul: Françoise Annette Marie Mathilde Gautsch (1931–).-born U. movie comedian. Arudra: Bhagvathula Shankara Sastry (1925– 1998).born U. historian. ballet dancer. Russ. It is tempting to see the musician’s adopted name as a variation on that of her coeval. Mortlake Arvonius: Thomas Roberts (c. comedian. Artemas: Arthur Telford Mason (fl. Robert Arthur: (1) Robert Arthur Feder (1909– 1986). Arrow: Alphonsus Cassell (1954–). U. writer. parentage.S. U.S. West Indian calypso musician. Ind.S. Peter Arthur: Arthur Porges (1915–). movie music composer.S.Arno • Arvonius Long. Don Arrol: Donald Angus Campbell (1929– 1967). Br. divorced 1931).–U. Arthénice: Catherine de Vivonne. stage actress. jazz musician.” the famous lawman of the Wild West. social leader. Arthur Brest (1899–1985). Artemas. U. The pen name was adopted by the writers for their pornographic novel Emmanuelle (1959).S. It. bandleader. formed from the first syllables of the writer’s full name.S. Artemisia was the name of queens of Asia Minor. U. one being the sister (and wife) of King Mausolus. Maurice Arnold: Maurice Arnold Strothotte (1865–1937). Arthur” and he adopted the name thereafter. Sc. Ger. U. when she married Gene Saks. U. U. newspaper.born Br. U. 34 née Bibidh (1932–). The actress subsequently changed her screen name to Arley.S.S. Eng. U. labor leader. U. previously radio announcer. poet. of Fr.” Claude Arrieu: Louise Marie Simon (1903– 1990). U. Wallace Arnold see Craig Brown Charles Arnold-Baker: Wolfgang Charles Werner von Blumenthal (1918–2009). journalist. Fr. The scholar adopted his new name when his English mother married Percy Arnold-Baker as her second husband. author.S. Arno’s first wife (married 1927. TV actress. Russ.” this being a similar eccentric spelling of a famous name. Fr. A purely anagrammatic name. Ger. taking her surname from her mother’s maiden name. author. wrote for the same magazine as “Lipstick. Arrago: Roman Semyonovich Levitin (1883– 1949). author + LouisJacques Rollet-Andriane (?–). Jean Arthur: Gladys Georgianna Greene (1900– 1991). movie actor. Pavel Arsky: Pavel Aleksandrovich Afanasyev (1886–1967). Arnondrin (1901– 1948). Julia Arthur: Ida Lewis (1869–1950).S. a Rome. Ir. writer of fantasy fiction.1920s).1765–1841). movie. Edward Arnold: Guenther Edward Arnold Schneider (1890–1956). Abe Linkhorn.S. Georgia.S.

stage. Colin Hughes. short-story writer. Br.35 Welsh pamphleteer. Br. Renée Asherson: Renée Ascherson (1920–).-born Hindu monk. Br. Sc. Edward Ashley: Edward Ashley Cooper (1904– 2000). The Soviet writer used this name for anti–Stalinist poems published in Paris. Creasey used around two dozen pen names. Eng. U. meaning “sunrise over Fuji. Eng. Austral. movie comedian. Eng. Tex Riley. U. and Jeremy York. jazz pianist.19]. The Lancashire writer . Eng. theological writer. “Max seems to have amended the spelling of his Germanic surname even before the widespread Germanophobia induced by the Great War compelled several other screen stars to follow suit” [Mitchell. Eng. Stephanie Ash see Olivia Darling Ashanti: Ashanti Douglas (1980–).S. Thomas Clarence Ashley: Clarence Earl McCurry (1895–1967). writer. He used it for a pamphlet of 1806 defending the Methodists in response to a libellous pamphlet of 1797 by Siamas Gwynedd. Shoko Asahara: Chizuo Matsumoto (1955–). movie actor. TV actor. in 1962. Asahifuji: Masaya Suginomori (1960–). Brian Hope. Jeffrey Ashford see Roderic Graeme [Sri] Madhava Ashish: Alexander Phipps (1920– 1997).” from Japanese asahi. Eng. The actress took her new surname from Ashley Wilkes.S. crossword compiler. U. stage actor. Kyle Hunt. black hip-hop. Eng. Smith changed her name to avoid confusion with an identically named actress. M. U. George Asaf : George Henry Powell (1880– 1951). She adopted her new name from the Laura Ashley fashion shops. Michael Halliday. John Ashton: John Groves (1950–). folksinger. Ted Ashley: Theodore Assofsky (1922–2002). ballet dancer. p. Ashley: Ashley Eldrid Havinden (1903–1973). Marvin Ash: Marvin Ashbaugh (1914–1974). instrumentalist. Jesuit. the historic region of northwest Wales that gave the name of Carnarvonshire.S. designer. Max Asher: Max Ascher (1879 or 1880–1957). songwriter. poet. Jap. The founder of the Aum Shinrikyo (“Supreme Truth”) sect in 1986 was sentenced to death in 2004 following the group’s gas attack on the Tokyo subway system in 1995. U. France. Dougie Ascot: Douglas Frederick Hayes (1892–?). Asdreni: Aleks Stavri Drenova (1872–1947).J. John Cooper. A pseudonym representing the setter’s real name. TV actress. Eng. played by Leslie Howard in the motion picture of Margaret Mitchell’s novel. The musician took his mother’s maiden name when still a boy. Cooke. Patrick Gill. mystery writer. comedian.E. The future Warner Brothers chairman and CEO changed his name on establishing a talent agency early in his career. U. crime novelist. “country”).” on that of his master. the former county in which Roberts was born. Norman Deane. stage. Eng. Anthony Morton.” and kuni. U. transexual. Teddy Ashton: Charles Allen Clarke (1863– 1935). Eng. Russ. Robert Caine Frazer. Oscar Asche: Thomas Stange Heiss (1871– 1936). Eng.S. Asahikuni (“sunrise country. and “Ashley” came from Ashley Wilkes in Gone with the Wind. writer. Bill Ashton: William Richard Allingham (1936–). Elise Fecamps. Nikolay Arzhak: Yuly Markovich Daniel (1925– 1988). Richard Martin.S. Reilly. The artist signed his work with his first name alone. movie actress. Arzhak • Ashton Henry St. Gone with the Wind (1936). jazz musician. dancer. first screened in the year of Cole’s birth. Marric. Elizabeth Ashley: Elizabeth Ann Cole (1939–). Br.S. Caroline Ashley: Caroline Smith (1958–). The writer’s name is a latinized form of Arfon. as for Elizabeth Ashley. Ascot: Allan Scott (1946–). The wrestler based his fighting name. songwriter. Tadanobu Asano: Tadanobu Sato (1973–). Fenton Ash: Francis Harry Atkins (1840–1927). typographer. Austral. movie actor.-born Br. Merrill Ashley: Linda Michelle Merrill (1950–). entrepreneur. James Marsden. motion picture executive. mystery writer + John James Pitcairn (1860–1936). sumo wrestler. Others were Margaret Cooke. The name is formed from letters in the poet’s full name. William K. Abel Mann. Eng. movie. The fashion model changed her name following her sex change operation in 1960. religious leader. J.S. Jap. Peter Manton. Albanian poet. hill farmer. Gordon Ashe: John Creasey (1908–1973). Ken Ranger. “April” was the month of her birth. Mary Kay Ash: Mary Kathlyn Wagner (1918– 2001). Rodney Mattheson. Clifford Ashdown: Richard Austin Freeman (1862–1943). Richard Ashby: Richard Thimelby (1614–1680). Charles Hogarth. Joe Arzonia: Arthur Longbrake (1881–1953). April Ashley: George Jamieson (1935–). painter. “morning sun. movie actress. of Scandinavian descent.S. U. journalist. R&B singer. Jap.

Assiac: Heinrich Fraenkel (1897–1986). Atatürk. TV hostess. when at military preparatory school (1891– 95). Br. James Aston: Terence Hanbury White (1906– 1964). however. It shed light on his state of mind: the innovator was now 53 years old and felt paternally middle-aged. Captain Charles Ashwell Botelar Pocock. Br. wife of Jaanis Rainis.” as a critic can be. Jr. renowned for her beauty and intelligence. Sc. Latvian poet. Juliet Astley: Norah Lofts. Mary Astor: Lucile Vasconcellos Langhanke (1906–1987). singer. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: Mustafa Kemal (1881– 1938). wife of actor manager and playwright George Grossmith. Mikhail Astangov: Mikhail Fedorovich Ruzhnikov (1900–1965). with “Aslan” (meaning “lion”) retained from the original name. Basque pelota player.S.Ashwell • Atef used this name for his popular weekly Teddy Ashton’s Magazine. The name itself is Turkish for “perfection. Asper: Samuel Johnson (1709–1784). p. Yet how evocative that name is: run the parts together and the result is as rhythmic as [the song] Frenesi. The actress adopted her stage name from the second name of her father. playwright. Astraea: Aphra Behn. Astrophel see Stella Atano III: Mariano Juaristi Mendizábal (1904– 2001).S. stage actress. soldier. while in classical mythology Astraea was the Roman goddess of justice.S. writer on chess. The name change was made by the dancer’s parents. he chose for himself the name Atatürk. stage actress. 1999]. composer. Claudius adopted this name for his contributions to the newspaper Der Wandsbecker Bothe.-Turk.-born U. 33]. Sp. Turk. There must be some distinction. Eng. l’esprit d’escalier” [Thomson 2003. Russ. Eng. Eng. sister of Fred Astaire. movie.” one of the titles of the prophet Muhammad. of Ger.” And that’s how I’ve been known ever since’” [ibid. Adelaide Astor: Gertrude Grossmith. The name. (1874–1935). stage. Behn originally used the name when employed as a secret agent for the government in the Netherlands.) “Mustafa Kemal thought long and hard about the surname he should adopt. Leon Askin: Leo Aschkenasy (1907–2005). actress. lexicographer. literally Father Turk—that is. née Johnson (1640– 1689). Asmus: Matthias Claudius (1740–1815).. claim that Atatürk added the name for distinction from a classmate.1900s). statesman.S. Lena Ashwell: Lena Margaret Pocock (1872– 1957). One day he turned to me and said: “My boy. dancer.born Eng. poet. journalist. dancer. theatrical manager. your name is Mustafa and so is mine. parentage. an Arabic name meaning “chosen. U. journalist. Adele Astaire: Adele Austerlitz (1898–1981). U. Latin for “rough.. U. conductor. and his knowledge soon equalled that of his teacher. Atatürk was born simply Mustafa. or adopted it as a tribute to the patriotic poet Namik Kemal (1840– 1888). TV actress. Ger. Eng. Armenian movie actress.” the name of the muse of chess. ventriloquist. novelist. Ger. Kemal. critic. Joseph Askins: Thomas Haskey (1771–?). The pseudonym is a reversal of “Caissa. A French version of the Turkish name. The actress was given her new name at age 15 on signing with Famous Players–Lasky (the future Paramount Pictures). Asmik: Tagush Sergeyevna Akopyan (1879– 1947).” “severe. movie actor. Other sources. Finally . Orsola (or Ursula) Aspri (or Asperi): Adelhaide Appignani (1807–1884). Austr. movie actor. From now on you’ll be called Mustafa Kemal. “‘The teacher’s name was Mustafa. The writer also used the male name Peter Curtis for a number of mystery novels. when the future movie star was only two years old. Grégoire Aslan: Kridor Aslanian (1908–1982). Fr. movie actor. Frederick and Ann Geilus Austerlitz. astride the stair — thus Astaire. of which he became editor in 1771. when he made surnames compulsory for all Turkish citizens. With no children of his own. He received his second name. It. meaning “starry” (Greek astraia). née Robinson (1904– 1983). separate them and it could be Fred a Star or Fred on a staircase. he could be father to all Turks” [Andrew Mango. Fred Astaire: Frederick Austerlitz (1899–1987). father of the Turks. the 5th-century BC Greek courtesan and mistress of Pericles. “There is something very suggestive of Americana in the way a Napoleonic battle is turned into a name without roots or etymology. adopted the name of Aspasia./U. The president of the Turkish Republic adopted his surname in 1934. (Most Muslim Turks were then known only by their forenames.– Port. movie actor. first appearing in a poem of 1763 by Sir William Jones. 36 Anne Aston: Anne Lloyd (1948–). He was gifted at mathematics.S. Aspazija: Elza Rozenberga (1868–1943). This won’t do. historical novelist. Eng. stage. née Rudge (fl. The poet. had earlier been used by the French writer Honoré d’Urfé for the heroine of his pastoral romance L’Astrée (1607–27). writer.” Muhammad Atef : Sobhi Abu Sitta (?1944– 2001).]. Egyptian-born Islamist militant. The alQaeda strategist also used the noms de guerre Abu .

magician. Eng. political reformer. revolutionary. . which in her first work. working in U. novelist. Br. working in France. playwright. His own name means “Athens marketplace. Blish adopted this name. Cholly Atkins: Charles Sylvan Atkinson (1913– 2003). A Warning to the Dragon and all his Angels (1625). followed him into the ring and also assumed the name Attell. Athanas • Audeley Joseph Atterley: George Tucker (1775–1861). Lenore Aubert: Eleanore Maria Leisner (1913– 1993). U. black dancer. (2) Junius.: James Blish (1921–1975).S. Atl: Gerardo Murillo (1875–1964). Ger.K.S. from William Atheling. “society athlete. U. Monte and Caesar. movie director. a civil engineer. he used this pseudonym for letters to his constituents criticizing the measures adopted to suppress the Indian Mutiny (1857). Lucie Aubrac: Lucie Simon. mystery novelist. Baron Audeley.S. bibliomaniac. William Atheling. poet. Br. Mexican painter. comic movie actor. TV actor. The setter’s pseudonym is Latin for “author.” teaming with Vulcana. U. poet. Jewish parentage.” Audi Alteram Partem: [General] Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783–1869).” the first wife of the prophet Muhammad). Gk.” Philip Atlee: James Atlee Philips (1915–1991). Reveale O’Daniel. transvestite comedian. U. née Bernard (1912– 2007). (3) Richard Hebes (1773–1833). churchman. of Russ. Charles Atlas: Angelo Siciliano (1893–1972). When Siciliano started bodybuilding. U. neighborhood friends compare his physique to a statue of the Greek god Atlas on a local bank. poet. Tommy Atkins: Ruth Buckley (?–). He adopted the name. Fr. Georgios Athanas: Georgios AthaniasiadisNovas (1893–1987). Ir. William Atherton: William Atherton Knight (1947–). soldier. following army service in India. Hung.S. Dr. Moshe Atzmon: Moshe Groszberger (1931–). parentage.37 Hafs al-Misri (“son of Hafs the Egyptian”) and Abu Khadijah (“son of Khadijah.” the second half of which was an anagram of the first (with “v” for “u” and “i” for “y”). Cécile Aubry: Anne-Marie-José Bénard (1929–). TV illusionist. Eng. movie.” Two of his brothers. The prophetic writer was the daughter of George Touchet.” implying one who is important or influential in Greek society. In 1822. crossword compiler. earlier Davies (1590–1652). Yorkshire. Aubrey: James Crabe (1931–). Augustine. Abe Attell: Albert Knoehr (1884–1970). working in U. James Aubrey: James Aubrey Tregidgo (1947– 2010). The archbishop of Constantinople adopted the name of the 2d-century AD Christian philosopher Athenagoras. boxer. As Member of Parliament for Bradford.S. for his fanzine columns.-born U. Kiyoshi Atsumi: Yasuo Tadokoro (1926–1996). Resistance fighter. his common-law wife. U. The name of Atticus.S. satirist.S.S. Jr. Trinidadian calypso singer. Welsh variety artist. U. It remained her signature in many of her treatises and expressed her conviction that her family name possessed hidden properties linking her to the prophet Daniel.S. Ind. a Roman literary patron of the 2d century BC. has been adopted by many writers and diarists. essayist. poet. The dancer took his new first name from the society columnist Cholly Knickerbocker. TV actor. of Serbian-Fr. William Atheling: Ezra Pound (1885–1972).-born Israeli orchestral conductor. Attila the Hun: Raymond Quevedo (1892– 1962). Eng. Thompson devoted himself to writing and politics. Gk. Pound used this name when writing for New Age Magazine.S. In 1939 Simon married Raymond Samuel. Atticus: (1) Joseph Addison (1672–1719). she expanded to “Eleanor Audeley. movie songwriter. The couple then changed their Jewish surname to a purely French nom de guerre. The fighter’s adopted name may have been intended to suggest “a battle. U.” a quotation from St. choreographer. Gus Aubrey: Edward Brown (1909–?). The Latin phrase means “Hear the other side. short-story writer. writer. Eleanor Audeley: Eleanor Audeley Douglas. Atlas: William Hedley Roberts (1864–1946). Michel Auclair: Vladimir Vujovic (1922–1988). Acharya Athreya: Kilambi Narasimhacharyulu (1921–1989). The painter’s Aztec name is the Aztec (Nahuatl) word for “water. physical culturist. writer. movie actress. Atma Ram: Atmaram Padukone (1930–1994). who insisted that there are two sides to every question.S. Yugoslav movie actress. and the following year joined a resistance group he had set up in southern France. Athenagoras I: Aristokles Spyrou (1886–1972). movie actor. Fr. U. Ind. Jap. Auctor: Paul McKenna (1961–). dramatist. Eng. combining it with the regular form of his existing nickname of “Charley. and this gave her basic writing name.” He adopted it in 1902 in order to repudiate his Spanish heritage on the one hand and demonstrate his pride in his Mexican Indian ancestors on the other. It.

Audley • Aura Maxine Audley: Maxine Hecht (1923–1992). Sister Augustine was superior of the Johannes Hospital in Bonn. movie actor. “the circus clown. writer. a biography of Frederick the Great.” has a classical pedigree. December 15. Aunt . movie actress. of going into the circus with a 38 battered hat and his clothes all wrong. The actor took the name of his maternal grandfather. When Caesar adopted him in 44 BC he became Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus. Stéphane Audran: Colette Suzanne Jeannine Dacheville (1932–). meaning “consecrated. writer.1890s).1780–1844). an anagram of his adopted pseudonym. and Octavianus was his cognomen. such as Augst. The actor formed his new name on the same lines as those of Charles Aumont. mothers. Madame Brasileira Augusta see Madame Floresta A. through French auguste from German der dumme August.) The Roman historian Suetonius (c. translated by Robert Graves. U. For names beginning thus. editor. Charles Aumont: Charles Solomon (fl. Gr. Eng. the Dictator. but Plancus had his way. movie actor. ‘dumme August’ is equivalent to our word ‘zaney’ or ‘addlepate. working in Jamaica. Auguste: Auguste Poireau (c. Jean-Pierre Aumont: Jean-Pierre Philippe Salomons (1911–2001).140) explained Octavian’s new name as follows: “He adopted the surname Caesar to comply with the will of his mother’s uncle. In 27 BC the Senate conferred on Octavian the imperial title Augustus. movie actress. etc. U. jazz musician. black jazz musician. e. and then the title Augustus after a motion to that effect had been introduced by Munatius Plancus. In this name. director. Fr. Brasileira Mlle. Leopold Auer. Auerbach used the name Theobald Chaubert. Russ. in 1920. Can. Augusta was probably right to select her second name as the most prestigious and “international” for professional use. as “a title conferred by the Roman emperors on their wives. The name itself. who adopted him and brought him to the U. Georgie Auld: John Altwerger (1919–1990). Comtesse de Saint-James (1806– 1901). stage. Audreus: Audrey Young. Ger..69–c. popular pianist. still bear it. The movie show organizer adopted his stage name from his original surname. Aura: Aura Lewis (c. Sister Augustine: Amalie von Lasaulx (1815– 1872). his gens (clan) name. It had to be conferred. See also Caesar Augustus. Some senators wished him to be called Romulus. Petersburg in 1798 and was formally known by the Russian name of Avgust Leontyevich Ogyust. abbess. Fr. John August: Bernard Augustine DeVoto (1897–1955). Mlle..-born U. stage actress. U. otherwise Octavian. the son of the niece of Julius Caesar. Haydon Augarde see Horatio Nicholls Markos Augeres: Georgos Papadopulos (1884–?).born Russ. Caesar Augustus: Gaius Octavius (63 BC–AD 14).S. ballet dancer. A classical-looking male pseudonym for a female setter. (It was subsequently adopted as a title by all other Roman emperors and was even given to military units and cities. Marie Ault: Mary Cragg (1870–1951). director. Joseph August: Joseph Augustus (1931–1992). . “Augustus. The Reader’s Handbook. Welsh crossword compiler. Berthold Auerbach: Moyses Baruch Auerbacher (1812–1882).. Br. Mischa Auer: Mischa Ounskowsky (1905– 1967). George Auguste: George Edward Read (1911–?). The first of the Roman emperors was born Gaius Octavius. see the next word. Ger. 1882]. Roman emperor. or forename. working in Russia. Cobham Brewer. based on her first name. here the adjectival form of his original nomen. née Jones (1921–).1958–). for Aunt Charlotte see Charlotte. for Aunt Effie see Effie. Auguste was long a standard name for a circus clown. Caius was his praenomen. as the second founder of the city [of Rome]. Fr.S.” A popular account of the origin is as follows: “The name is supposed to have come about this way: A century ago an English clown.” “venerable. Eng. since sanctuaries and all places consecrated by the augurs are known as ‘august’” [The Twelve Caesars. Jan August: Jan Augustoff (1912–1976).. Edwin August: Edwin August Philip von der Butz (1883–1964).S. Augusta: Caroline Augusta Joséphine Thérèse Fuchs. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. movie actor. 1957]. less its first syllable.S. ballet dancer. trapeze artist.A. theatrical entrepreneur. meaning “consecrated. For his first work.S. some of which. playing in Germany. critic.’) And the name has stuck to this day” [The Observer. He argued that ‘Augustus’ was both a more original and a more honourable title. or extra personal name. had the novel idea . Fr. Poireau emigrated to St. 1935]. R&B singer. daughters. The audience began shouting out ‘August!’ ‘August!’ (The German phrase. sisters.” “venerable.” after which he was known by this name alone. essayist. S. Switzerland. U. a violinist.g.” itself presumably from the personal name August. for even the wife of an Augustus was not an Augusta until after her coronation” [E. Julius Caesar was the name of his adoptive father. short-story writer. working in U. and even concubines. Fr.S. Jewish novelist.S. according to the Roman naming system.

and adopted its Latin name (Aventinum) as his professional name. and she dropped the name. Gur. Fr. translator. Gabriel Axel: Gabriel Axel Mørch (1918–). Ger. adopted his new name. To 1941 he was credited as Fred Avery. movie actor. Latvian poet. novelist. Johnny Austin: John A.” after the tragic death of his son. Pol. as did his companion. Hanoch Avenary: Herbert Loewenstein (1908– 1994). Claude Aveline: Eugène Avtsine (1901–1992). novelist. The last of the great Mogul emperors surrounded his royal presence with pomp and luxury. Lovie Austin: Cora Calhoun (1887–1972).” Menahem Avidom: Menahem Mahler-Kalkstein (1908–1995). The soprano adopted her patriotic name at the start of her stage career. Russ. Hence his assumed name (or title). jazz musician. music-hall comedian. writer. editor. The head of Mossad. movie director. “Lovie” is said to have been a nickname given the future jazzwoman by her grandmother. popular singer. The Colour of Rain (1964). Fr. p. Ger. Axe: Alun Evans (1949–). movie animator. Like many people so nicknamed (such as Tex Ritter). the Israeli state intelligence service. emperor. Richard Avery: Edmund Cooper (1926–). one of the most vivid being that of a moonlit night.S. working in France. literary editor Jean Paulhan. Catherine Aydy: Emma Christina Tennant (1937–). Austral. U. U. reviewer.141]. The writer claims she got her name from an Ouija board. wrestler (“Stone Cold”). London. journalist. gay activist.-born Israeli political leader. This name. Steve Austin: Steve Williams (1964–). Israeli musicologist. geneticist. This name in turn referred to two of Aury’s heroines: Pauline Borghese. Eigil Axgil (1922–1995).-born Israeli composer. U. . horror fiction for teenagers. Louise Auricoste. The writer’s poetic name means “break of day. writer of fantasy.S. In his own words: “A full white moon sailed in the sky and it seemed so beautiful that I held out my little arms to it and kept saying.S. Axiologus: William Wordsworth (1770–1850). Avi: Edward Irving Wortis (1937–). Dan. pop singer. The writer adopted a poetic name meaning “knight of the moon. She later gained notoriety for the erotic international bestseller L’Histoire d’O (1954). novelist. in 1922. The former businessman took his pseudonym from his last company’s password.” Charlotte Austen: Charlotte Auerbach (1899– 1994). Frankie Avalon: Francis Thomas Avallone (1939–). The Latin name translates the German (literally “goldsmith”). Axel Axgil: Axel Johannes Lundahl Madsen (1915–). historian.” “morning light. The book had a preface written by Desclos’ lover.39 Aurangzeb: Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (1618– 1707). Avery was born in Texas. Her new surname is that of her second husband. Frank Austin see Max Brand Frederick Austin see Baron Corvo Gene Austin: Eugene Lucas (1900–1972).” published in The European Magazine in 1787.” Johann Aurifaber: Johannes Goldschmied (1519–1575). black jazz pianist. SF writer.” On succeeding to the throne itself in 1658 he took the equally grandiose kingly title of Alamgir.S.” was adopted by the then youthful poet for his “Sonnet. Madsen adopted his new name in 1956. opera singer. Ghanaian poet. “conqueror of the universe. Ger. Eng. Greek for “worthy of mention. Eng. ‘Momma. Br. published under the pseudonym Pauline Réage. U.S. The historian was a native of Abensberg. Charles Austin: Charles Reynolds (1879–1942). which opened at Covent Garden. meaning “father of Gur.-born Sc. The scientist adopted this name as author of a book of fairy stories. Tex Avery: Frederick Bean Avery (1907–1980). Kofi Awoonor: George Kofi Awoonor Williams (1935–).S. theologian. Aurangzeb • Aydy Aventinus: Johannes Thurmayr (or Turmaier) (1477–1534). Augustine (1910–1983). and the French feminist Pauline Roland (1805–1852). meaning “beauty of the throne. Welsh crossword compiler.S. Aybek: Musa Tashmukhamedov (1904–1968). Uzbek writer. U. sister of Napoleon and wife of the Italian nobleman Camillo Borghese (1775–1832). Shaul Avigur: Shaul Meirov (1899–1978). Adventures with Rosalind (1947).” with the compiler’s initials either side of this. The writer’s adopted name is pronounced “Ah-vee. humanist. poet. however. on seeing Miss Helen Maria Williams weep at a tale of Distress. give me the moon!’ I still sense the ecstasy that I experienced in those times” [Dmitriyev. Auseklis: Mikelis Krogzemis (1850–1879). It can also be read as the “cross” (X) of “crossword. The writer based her pen name on the maiden name of her mother. The book had a mixed reception. Ind. She used it for her first novel. Dan. leading many to suppose that he was the actual author. U. vaudeville performer Austin of the team Austin and Delaney. Dominique Aury: Anne Desclos (1907–1998). U. Florence Austral: Florence Wilson (1894–1968). Eng.” It arose from his childhood memories.

source. But I began to tire of that name in turn. Eng. Her last novel. poet.. The actress was originally billed as Agnes Ayars. If anyone now asked me what my name meant. Rev. especially the mullahs. jazz musician.’ That soon silenced the questioners” [Dmitriyev. inventor. Fr. i. novelist. movie actress. So I at first chose the name Sifli. movie actor. singer. movie actor.Aydyn • b Aydyn: Manzura Sabirova (1906–1953). But there is doubt regarding which name was the original and even whether Argall actually existed. writer. Uzbek poet. Ind.. The writer has described how he finally arrived at his pseudonym: “In my early years [at a Muslim college] in Bukhara some people. née Troublé (1941–). fashion designer.S. On opening her first fashion shop in Paris in 1975.1920–2002). a pseudonym based on her first two names. or even torturous. Charles Aznavour: Shahnour Varenagh Aznavurjan (1924–). Allan Aynesworth: Edward Abbot-Anderson (1864–1959). physicist. like Don Diego de Deza. Eng. stage. After all. In 1885 she married the English physicist William Ayrton (1847–1908) as his second wife. ‘He’s a bit crazy!’ As a result of those remarks I chose the name Dzhununi. Eng. impoverished one. John Ayscough: [Rt. The writer’s first novel. But I soon grew sick of that pseudonym.S.-born U. used to make me feel small. Some people. the designer saw that her real . madman. was the only one published under her real name. The artist adopted his mother’s maiden name as his professional name. was published in 1860 under the name Francis Meredith. Eng.S. The writer took his pen name from the hero of his autobiographical novel António Azorín (1902). belittled one. U. writer of religious novels. people began asking about my pseudonym and its meaning.e. novelist.” Agnès b: Agnès Bourgeois. ‘I am hard up. movie actor. movie songwriter. J.S. The writer chose a pen name meaning “bright. Br. So I chose the name Ayni. This association is all the more meaningful when it is known that Crowther succeeded Ximenes as chief compiler for the Observer. educator. Brazilian poet. I replied: ‘It has forty-eight meanings. [Sir] Felix Aylmer: Felix Edward Aylmer-Jones (1889–1979). As a teenager. But as time went on I no longer liked the name.” Brother Azarias: Patrick Francis Mullany (1847– 1893). Agnes Ayres: Agnes Hinkle (1896–1940). of Armenian parentage. with the name itself from the Spanish for “hawklike. Mary Bertrand. Richard Aylett: Richard Argall (fl.1870). stage actor. he had set puzzles for other publications as “Gong. Ayni: Sadriddin Said-Murodzoda (1878–1954). Ir. Kaifi Azmi: Athar Husain Rizvi (c. later Bickerstaffe-Drew (1858– 1938). Can.” an early childhood attempt at his first name. Sarah 40 took the name Hertha after the Germanic earth goddess and became an agnostic. working in French. Paul Ayres see Edward Ronns Mitchell Ayres: Mitchell Agress (1910–1969). but assumed his mother’s maiden name of Drew (which he already bore) as an additional surname on coming of age in 1879. The supposed Turk adopted this name as a war correspondent of the Pall-Mall Gazette. brother of Louis Goodrich. Ir. Maria Azevedo: Francisca Jülia (1871–1920). would say. Lew Ayres: Lewis Frederick Ayer III (1908– 1996). Eng. Hertha Ayrton: Phoebe Sarah Marks (1854– 1923). journalist. U. U. 1621). writer. it had 48 meanings. Br. Argall is generally said to have assumed this form of his name for a second edition in 1654 of a volume of religious poems first published in 1621. Sp. of which the best known—eye. The Muslim name Azamat means “majesty. The Gift of the Gods (1879). Michael Ayrton: Michael Gould (1921–1975). Mgr. So I dropped the pseudonym Sifli and chose a new name — Mukhtodzhi. Tunisian poet. Earlier. I decided to find a name that would be as meaningful as possible. Fr. it’s true — I said to myself— but why should I broadcast my poverty to all and sundry?’ So I dropped that name as well. Azed: Jonathan Crowther (1942–). I wasn’t crazy! Discovering that I wrote poetry. Leafing through the dictionary to that end. sun—were very suitable as a pseudonym. poet. literary critic.] Thiebland (fl. i. The setter’s cryptic crossword clues cover “A to Z” (with “z” as British “zed” rather than American “zee”). Azamat Batuk: [M. scenarist. but why should I regard myself as demeaned? . Mohamed Aziza: Chems Nadir (1940–). Count] Francis Browning Drew.111–12]. They might demean me. Tajik writer.-born Br.” “pride. the Spanish grand inquisitor whose name is reversed here. movie actor. pp. Eng.e. begun when she was 15. so look it up in the dictionary and find out for yourself.e. crossword compiler. The Roman Catholic prelate had the original name of Bickerstaffe. Calder Ayrton: Mary Frances Chapman (1838–1884). artist. while at the same time being tortuous. i. Azorín: José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruiz (1873–1967). noticing my rather odd behavior. I came across the word ‘ayni’.” Dan Aykroyd: Daniel Agraluscasacra (1951–).

implying that he had gained the secret of God’s hidden name and thus won supernatural powers. revolutionary. McLaughlan (1925– 1999). Anthony B: Anthony Blair (c. child movie actress. Du.” + shem.” + tov. Alice Babs: Alice Nilsson Sjöblom (1924–). “lower case. January 8. child movie actor. U. Fr. Weinstein-Bacal. Babyface: Kenneth Edmonds (1959–). Swe. Lauren Bacall: Betty Joan Perske (1924–). calling himself “Caius-Gracchus.S. meaning “wineglass” in German and Russian. Baby LeRoy: Ronald LeRoy Winebrenner (1932–). U. 1996]. and Jesaias. as he was known acronymically.” She felt the second “l” would ensure that the second . Lida Baarova: Ludmilla Babkova (1914–2000). U. movie actress. ballet dancer. Johannes Theodor Baargeld: Alfred Emanuel Ferdinand Grünwald (1892–1927).” Jean Babilée: Jean Gutmann (1923–). Fr. music-hall dancer. Derek B: Derek Boland (1965–2009). formed in 1996. and the little girl was Betty Bacal. illustrator. R&B singer. actor. and then took instead the second half of the original “double” name for herself and her daughter. stage. crime writer. The founder of Hasidism came to be known by a Hebrew name or title meaning “master of the good name” (ba’al. Hence his title. U. “name. Eng.S. from the Arabic word for “gate. The dancer adopted his mother’s maiden name for his professional career. Baby Sandy: Sandra Lee Henville (1938–). given him for his youthful looks.S. Some sources give the actor’s original name as Le Roy Overacker. crime writer. In 1938 she deserted the screen altogether for the theater. Ind. the family gave their name. As an adult. child movie actress. The protocommunist adopted as his new first name that of the 2d-century BC agrarian reformer Gaius Sempronius Gracchus.S. black rapper. movie actress. Sc. black jazz tap dancer. The writer. Some people rhymed the name with “cackle” while others pronounced it “Bacahl.41 name was hardly suitable. used this name for his Bab Ballads (1866–71). when he wisely decided not to record under his real name. The Besht. Baby Madge: Margherita Evans (1909–1981). The immigration officer must have written just the first half of the name. also adopted for his band. The musician adopted his nickname. adopted in 1844.S. Marian Babson: Ruth Stenstreem (1929–). Baantjer: Albert Cornelis Baantjer (1923–). Babybird: Stephen Jones (1962–). her husband. German photographer. Cz. The name is simply a Hindi term of endearment for a son. but soon divorced him. U. together with her own parents. a new messenger of Allah who was to come. rock musician. librettist of the Gilbert and Sullivan operettas.–born Br. She considered her married name (Bourgeois). black R&B musician. the actress was billed as Madge Evans. The musician first struck fame in the 1990s. Persian religious leader. Pol.S. child movie actor. Br. but her former husband “had a certain notoriety in the publishing world. He later ef- B • Bacall fectively adopted the name as a whole. U. so that the husband and wife were Max and Sophie Weinstein (Lauren’s grandparents). choreographer.1700– 1760). Originally Baby Bird. the musician settled to present his name in the distinctive form babybird. had a reputation as a healer. who worked using herbs. movie actress. “Babette” is a French pet form of “Elizabeth. Bab: [Sir] William Schwenk Gilbert (1836– 1911). U. and the like inscribed with the divine name. By this time Betty had added another “l” to her name. Italy. Baby Huey: James Ramey (1944–1970).” which did not seem compatible with her work. “good”). The Bab: Ali Muhammad (1819–1850). playwright. “master.S. Babette: Elizabeth H. talismans.” Some years after the Bab’s execution. folk healer. teaming with Raoul. because it suits me better” [The Times. popular singer. She therefore needed a new name. Ali Muhammad claimed to be a gateway to the Hidden Imam. her mother became Nathalie Bacal.S. with their daughters Renee and Nathalie (her mother) and their son Albert. Lisa B see Elisa Baal Shem Tov : Israel ben Eliezer (c. comic poet. Eng. Baby Laurence: Laurence Donald Jackson (1921–1974).S. On arriving at the immigration office on Ellis Island. for his connection with the Dada art movement. Jamaican reggae musician. child movie actress. She therefore just kept the initial. Baha-’Allah. Master Babua: Prosanta Kumar Roy (1947–). Other names used by the photographer were Zentrodada. his work was taken up by the “Hidden Imam” in question. Nathalie married William Perske. who also gave the name of Julien Gracq. The actress’s mother left Romania for America when she (the mother) was only a year or two old. Then when Lauren was eight years old. working in Germany. Tribun du peuple. The name originated as nickname given Gilbert as a child by his parents. Tony Blair. as “there was too much irregularity of pronunciation. Jewish mystic.1976–).” Gracchus Babeuf: François Noël Babeuf (1760– 1797). Baby Peggy: Peggy Montgomery (1917–). U. U.

The poet took his name from his birthplace. In 1942 Hajdu forged a birth certificate in which he renamed himself as Karoly Mihaly Balazs Agoston Hajdu.).” Compare Battistello.F. 1992]. Richard Bachman: Stephen Edwin King (1947–). 1979]. the future emperor adopted . (Cantab. C.S.D.P. switching it with his first name. horror novelist. Karoly. the Romanian city of Bacau. Br. Il Baciccia: Giovan Battista Gaulli (1639–1709). which he submitted for publication as a “collaboration” by Stephen King and Richard Bachman (appropriately. director Howard Hawks wanted to find a good name to go with her surname.Bach • Badinguet syllable of the name would be pronounced correctly. His better-known pen name was Ole LukeOie. who was said to dislike the name [Lauren Bacall.H. Brazilian guitarist. and in 1963 he was arrested for walking into a hotel dressed as a woman. After his escape. Sophie. (usually taken to mean “pretty damn quick”) imitated those of the (real) musical sons of J. Eng. U. working in England.C. emperor. he changed his name by deed poll from Carl Michael Blaise Augustine Hajdu to Charlotte Maria Beatrix Augusta Hajdu.D. U. It was “Lauren. a name devised by anglicizing his middle name. where he anglicized his name as Carl Hajdu and assumed the title of “Baron Balkanyi.Q. née Clinton-Baddeley (1906–1986). private security guard. writer. It.” His writing paper soon added a string of bogus qualifications: “Michael B. as the story is about a writer’s pen name that comes back to life). Ind. His selection of the initials P.P. U. 1985” [George Beahm. which many had long suspected.” In 1951 he found a job as a barman in London and two years later married a Welshwoman. which literally means “John the Baptist. George Bacovia: George Vasiliu (1881–1957). over lunch one day with her. he said he had found a name. window washer. 2002]. and embarked on an academic career as Dr. movie actress. By Myself. northern France. The artist’s name probably arose as a childish pronunciation of the second half of his first name. and most recently a dairy farmer and part-time writer — died a sudden death of what King termed ‘cancer of the pseudonym’ on January 9. M.S. Sc. in 1846. stage. The musician adopted the name of a fictional son of J.” and he was going to tell everyone that it was an old family name of hers.Q.S. Bach. Baden Powell: Roberto Baden Powell de Aquino (1937–2000). Soon after.S. Hermione Baddeley: Hermione Willis. she also set up business as a “spanking madam” (dominatrix) named Daphne Lyell-Manson [Francis Wheen. The pen name lay behind a rounded personification. U. 1970. Fr.E. but his publishers rejected the idea. Later. even that it had been her great-grandmother’s. By 1969 he was living permanently as a woman and on April 1 (April Fools’ Day). Symbolist poet. subsequently recommended reading for young officers.S. however.. commercial fisherman. but his true identity. née Clinton-Baddeley (1904–1976). movie actress. English founder of the Boy Scouts. a graduate of the University of New Hampshire. The name is that of the workman in whose clothes Louis Napoleon escaped to England disguised as a mason from the castle of Ham. D. for “Blaise. composer.” When Lauren began her movie career.-born transvestite academic. sister of Hermione Baddeley. did not seem to be quite right. Amitabh Bachchan: Amit Shrivastava (1942–).Psy. King wanted to resurrect the Bachman name for a later novel. The Stephen King Story. “What invention!” exclaimed the actress. Who Was Dr Charlotte Bach?. Hung.S. and inserting a middle initial that stood. The Dark Half (1989). Backsight-Forethought: [Sir] Ernest Dunlop Swinton (1868–1951). The musician was originally named in honor of Robert BadenPowell (1857–1941). and Hawks said he would think of something. Rom. among them operas such as The Stoned Guest and The Abduction of Figaro (1984). became public knowledge following the publication of Thinner in 1984. rock singer. a Vietnam veteran. (Budapest). Charlotte M. he claimed. P. painter. 42 Sebastian Bach: Sebastian Bierk (1968–). and asked if there was a suitable one somewhere in her family. An apparent tribute or at least acknowledgment to the German composer. Eng. entrepreneur. Bach.E. as in “call. Betty’s grandmother’s name. Bach for humorous works written in mock-18th-century style.” Hajdu had long had transvestite leanings. army officer. stage. In 1948 he emigrated to England. Bach: Peter Schickele (1935–).S. writer. Angela Baddeley: Madeleine Angela Byam Shaw. Phyllis Mary Rodgers. movie actor. She (as Hajdu now was) never used her real surname. MajorGeneral Swinton used this name for his treatise on minor tactics entitled The Defence of Duffer’s Drift (1904). In 1957 he set himself up in London as a hypnotherapist named Michael B. King first used this pseudonym for his novel Rage (1977). such as C. movie actress.Sc. Charlotte Bach: Karoly Mihaly Hajdu (1920–1981). Bach. Bach and J. “Richard Bachman—born in 1942. son of the Baron of Szadelo and Balkany. Karoly.B. Barbara Bach: Barbara Goldbach (1947–). Badinguet: Napoleon III (1808–1873). Dr.

He was known by a number of nicknames (rather than actual assumed names). and Paris.–born Fr. where Simpson was head of the department of forensic medicine. On the other hand: “A long-time admirer of the Viz adult comic. U. and 1851. under the name Nina Voskresenskaya. lyric poet. Jewish parentage. U. November 11.” + allah. 1836. Would you like to speak to Mark?”’” [The Times. William Baker. and has something of the flavor of my writing. the third successfully).43 the name of Comte Arenenberg.S. from Boulogne. Eng. the Central Criminal Court of England.” and he adopted Badly • Baker it. pathologist. She’d say: “There’s no Bill here. Bailey. U. singer. asked him to become his protégé on the road. comedian. never got used to the name. Jesuit. actress. “Guy” is a reference to Guy’s Hospital. U.” saying the kah meant “inner self. Bulg. her voice imitating the sound of the instrument. forensic expert. doing odd jobs for Frederick H. movie actor. Eng. Bailey took to the young lad. and had him adopt his name.. Hence his Arabic name. black blues singer.T. The founder of the Baha’i faith was a follower of the Bab who at some point in the 1860s proclaimed himself “Him whom God shall make manifest. U. with all the jokes stemming from the dashed-off delineation” [Beech. The future showman began his circus career at age 13. Eddie Baker: Edward King (1897–1968). Russ. one being Boustrapa. The poet based his name on that of the princely Bagratid dynasty of Armenia and Georgia. Erykah Badu: Erica Wright (1971–). ended. Persian religious leader.” a divine spirit foretold by the Bab. pop singer. Lew Leslie. comedian. Mildred Bailey: Mildred Rinker (1907–1951). anarchist writer. vaudeville singer.. TV presenter. Ir. Bill Baird: William Keckritz (1914–1978). Auto in Trousers (1915).S. U. rock musician. U. “I am in love with him.S. The singer is popularly said to have named himself after the main character in the children’s TV cartoon Sam and His Magic Ball. and that when the latter proclaimed himself.” Her new surname represented the sounds she made when scatting. “Won’t You Come Home Bill Bailey. The poet’s adopted name means “crimson. “Bailey” refers to the Old Bailey. Williams renamed herself for . black dancer. meaning “Glory of God” (baha. whom she married in 1921 at the age of 15. In 1881 Bailey joined with P. Guy Bailey: [Professor] Cedric Keith Simpson (1907–1985). Bonnie Baker: Evelyn Nelson (1918–). The singer saw “Erica” as a slave name so altered the spelling to “Erykah. the Bab’s mission was fulfilled. Her new surname is that of her second husband. U. Cheryl Baker: Rita Maria Crudgington (1955–). U. naming an Odessa street. London. “So Deribasovskaya has its poetess!” Elisaveta Bagryana: Elisaveta Belcheva (1893– 1991). black soul singer. movie actress. a musician. circus owner. The dancer’s original name is given thus in several sources. 30]. revolutionary poet. The stand-up comic was nicknamed “Bill” at school from the popular song of the turn of the 20th century. movie actor. Strasbourg. the towns where he had attempted a coup (respectively in 1840. He himself commented on his new name: “It smacks of war. Chin. the Russian general and hero of the Napoleonic Wars Prince Bagration (1765–1812). “God”).S. popular singer Charles Baker: David Lewis (1617–1679). the advance man of the Robinson and Lake Circus. for one poem began with the line. jazz singer.S. Josephine Baker: Freda Josephine McDonald (1906–1975). Barnum to form the famous Barnum and Bailey circus. he loved May 1983’s one-off Badly Drawn Man. The writer created his pseudonym from the Chinese forms of the first syllable of the surname of Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876) and the last of that of Peter Kropotkin (1842–1921).” Baha-’Allah: Huseyn Ali Nuri (1817–1892). The keystone of Baha’i belief is thus that the Bab and Baha-’Allah are manifestations of God. U.S.S. Carrie McDonald. Br. By 1909 Baker had formed a double act with her future husband. Asa Baker see Brett Halliday Belle Baker: Bella Becker (1895–1957).” while another. His readers were sure it was by a woman. wife of Red Norvo. after the castle in Switzerland where he had lived with his mother. Ba Jin: Li Yao-tang (later Li Fei-han) (1904– 2005). “His mother . illusionist. ‘People would ring asking for Bill.S. p.” Bagritsky published an early volume of poems. The last name is that of her mother. and so on that of one of their descendants. who married Eddie Carson. but she later associated it with an Arabic word meaning “truth.S. of Russ. Bill Bailey: Mark Bailey (1965–).’ “splendor.” “light. two Russian anarchists that he admired. who was dissatisfied with his creator’s art.S.” George Bagby see Hampton Stone Eduard Bagritsky: Eduard Georgiyevich Dzyubin (1895–1934). Badly Drawn Boy: Damon Gough (1970–). Eng. Br. Harry Bailey: Harry Daniels (1910–1989). 2008]. LaVern Baker: Dolores Williams (1928–1997). London. Art Baker: Arthur Shank (1898–1966). James Anthony Bailey: James Anthony McGinniss (1847–1906).

black soul musician. William Bales: William Bialystotsky (1910– 1990). Ina Balin: Ina Rosenberg (1937–1990). Eng. Jewish parentage. Balabrega: John Miller (1857–1906).-born magician. “He forced his friends to accept his claim to a bogus Polish title . painter. working in Italy. known as Baladine. Kaye Ballard: Catherine Gloria Balotta (1926–). dramatist. When in France in the 1920s. Afrika Bambaataa: Kevin Donovan (1960–). née Spiro. U. of Russ.647].” Balilla: Giovanni Battista Perasso (1729–1781). dancer. Hank Ballard: John H. Eng. Béla Balász: Herbert Bauer (1884–1949). and denied his descent from Jews on his mother’s side (Elizabeth Klossowska. comedy magician. and Olaf Trent. He originally altered his first name to the French equivalent Georges.” “vernal. Neil Balfort: Robert Lionel Fanthorpe (1935–). Bobby Ball: Robert Harper (1944–). “white. movie actress. Wishing to “improve” on the name’s peasant connotations. rapper. The performer’s new name relates to the Gandharv. The name. Rev. philosopher. U. Eng. a mythological community of heavenly singers. Juozas Baltùsis: Albertas Juozenas (1909–1991). stage designer. movie comedienne. of Pol. Russ. Balanchivadze was prevailed upon by the Russian impresario Sergey Diaghilev to modify his name in deference to Western audiences.S. dancer. such as Erle Barton (presumably suggested by the name of the Northamptonshire village Earls Barton). Lithuanian writer. Phil Nobel. The writer’s adopted name means “of the spring. a childish form of “Battista. The artist’s aristocratic title was self-assumed. the writer changed this to Balzac in 1821 and added the honorific particle “de. According to D’Israeli. U. was the daughter of Abraham Bear Spiro. rock singer. James Balfour: William Bruce Hepburn (1925– 1992).S. Baltimora: James McShane (1957–1995). whom she claimed as a relative. “The works — mainly bad sensational novels—of ‘Horace de Saint-Aubin’ filled sixteen volumes in a collected edition of 1836–40” [Harvey and Heseltine.” Léon Bakst: Lev Samoylovich Rosenberg (1866– 1924). novelist. and is well known as Balzac” [p.-born U. It. 2002]. singer. novelist. he adopted it on becoming an atheist in 1783. p. teaming with Tommy Cannon. U. songwriter. movie actress. father of Vesta Tilley. but he felt such extreme delicacy at so low a name. The performer’s adopted name is Sanskrit for “young singer. he assumed the name of his estate. U. Kendricks (1927–2003). but in English programs this became George. writer. singer. female impersonator. as were many of his other pseudonyms. rejecting “God-” in favor of “Bald-.S. of Georgian descent. SF writer. doctor. Eng. U. T. that to give some authority to the splendour of his diction.Baker • Bambaataa the dancer Josephine Baker.S.” is traditionally that of the teenager who led a 44 popular uprising in Genoa against Austrian domination in 1746. April 5. Balthus: [Count] Baltucz (or Balthasar) Klossowski de Rola (1908–2001).” He also wrote as Theophilus Marcliffe. The rap-music pi- . Fr. militant leader. TV comedian.S. banko player.S. née Browne (1793–1835). the latter was also a pseudonym: “Guez (a beggar) is a French writer of great pomp of style. Tajik poet. poet. graphic artist. actor. U. singer. the latter name being an anagram of his first name. Hung. while his surname was sometimes spelled Balanchin. George Balanchine: Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze (1904–1983).S. Bal Gandharva: Narayanrao Rajhans (1888– 1967).” Micah Balwhidder see Rev. and his name was subsequently adopted as a Fascist symbol of youthful ardor and patriotism.. Ind. husband of the moral writer Mary Wollstonecraft. mother-in-law of the poet P. guitarist. Swe. Edward Baldwin: William Godwin (1756– 1836). singer. His (supposedly) true identity was established only some time later. Balzac wrote a number of genre novels early in his career as Horace de Saint-Aubin and Lord R’Hoone. Lefty Baker: Eustace Britchforth (1942–1971).. Clara Balfour: Felicia Dorothea Hemans. The artist’s adopted name was that of his grandfather. The writer adopted his name from Lithuanian baltas. parentage. Clark Honoré de Balzac: Honoré Balssa (1799–1850). working in France. A name based on the author’s original name. Balzac’s father was Bernard-François Balssa. Russ. Geeta Bali: Harikirtan Kaur (1930–1965). Bakhori: Abdumalik Rakhmanov (1927–). Fr.S. Thornton Bell. movie director. music-hall singer. Originally a Nonconformist minister. Harry Ball: William Henry Powles (1841–1888). U. Carl Ballantine: Meyer Kessler (?–). Northern Ireland-born pop singer. Shelley. Ind. novelist. ballet choreographer. Eng.201]. used this as his main pen name.S. Eng.” possibly in imitation of the writer Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac (1595–1654). The writer. a cantor in Breslau)” [Times Literary Supplement. Marty Balin: Martyn Jerel Buchwald (1942–).B.

movie actress.S. R. and even her original name came as the result of a misunderstanding.’ ‘My job occasionally requires a little light law-breaking. director. but this is probably a pun (like that of Rob da Bank). Sunday Times. when producer Darryl F. painter. novelist. The last reigning emperor of Vietnam succeeded to the throne in 1926 and assumed a name (or title) meaning “keeper of greatness. a name she discovered as a signature in a sketchbook found in a trunk of her grandmother’s belongings. stage. Bamboccio: Pieter van Laer (?1599–1642). Zanuck. Vietnamese ruler. “child. but switched to the violin when he was 12. country musician. “Banton” compliments the talented DJ Burro Banton (c. translating as “chief affection. Monty Banks: Mario Bianchi (1897–1950). with the name itself being inspired by the 1964 movie Zulu and the code of honor and bravery of its black participants. Br. The nickname “Buju. moviemaker. his own name a Jamaicanpatois term for a DJ “full of lyrics. Peter Bamm: Curt Emmrich (1897–1975). Goodrich). Francis Bancroft: Frances Charlotte Slater (1892–1947). U.-Hung. Her father.C.S. black reggae musician. Bambaataa’s alternate African name is Khayan Aasim. Vilma Banky: Vilma Lonchit (or Konsics) (1898–1991). producer. Eric Bana: Eric Banadinovich (1968–).S. U. It. She made her movie debut under the name in Don’t Bother to Knock (1952). working in U. so I’ve never confirmed or denied my identity’” [Interview by e-mail. Austr. theatrical manager. pop musician. Br. fearing she might end up playing nothing but Italians.’ she said. “‘He gave me a list of names.” but then changed his name to Banton after Burro Banton. black writer. Bancroft was the only one with any dignity’” [The Times. Murray first performed as “Starkey Super. movie actress.S.45 oneer took his name. children’s writer. The name appropriately suggests a “mountebank” or buffoon. The musician adopted his new name in 1968 as a DJ in Seattle.” meaning “breadfruit.R. black jazz musician. 2005].S. who inspired Buju Banton. Bam Bam: Peter Poulton (1970–).” “big baby. U. movie comedian. U. Banx: Jeremy Banks (1959–). essayist.” . graffiti artist. Allen Archibald Banks see John Dangerfield Darrell Banks: Darrell Eubanks (1937–1970). It. Walker was fond of playing Bam Bam • Bao Dai on the bongos as a young boy. Dan Banim see F. cartoonist.S.born U. and his Dutch followers in Italy were called bamboccianti. SF writer. Billy Bang: William Vincent Walker (1947–). His scenes of low life were known as bambocciate. D. The writer published as Toni Cade from 1959 to 1970. who in turn inspired Buju Banton. famous for his chanting at the mike. please. The identity of the secretive artist remains uncertain. Toni Cade Bambara: Toni Cade (1939–1995). Albert Band: Alfredo Antonini (1924–2002). asked his name on his arrival at Ellis Island.” was given Myrie by his mother for his chubbiness as a baby.1973–). Jamaican reggae musician. Br. stage actress. movie actor. working in Italy. The artist changed his name in 1530 to receive the Order of the Knights of Santiago. Some sources give his real name as Robin Banks. It. Anne Bancroft: Anna Maria Louise Italiano (1931–2005). thought he was being asked his nationality and said “Italiano. sculptor.-born movie director. radio DJ. and that you are a public schoolboy from Bristol? No lies. Br. painter. Bao Dai: Nguyen Vinh Thuy (1913–1997).S.1960–). which was restricted to the nobility. Eng. Baccio Bandinelli: Bartolomeo Brandini (1488– 1560). Bannon: Daniel Shipley (1945–). novelist. “‘Is it true that your real name is Robin Gunningham. Margaret Bannerman: Margaret Le Grand (1896–1976). It. Eng. ‘They sounded like strippers’ names. Anna Banti: Lucia Longhi Lopresti (1895– 1985). Jamaican reggae musician. The writer’s name appears to match the insect characters Ant and Bee that first featured in her stories for young children in 1950. The actress was born in New York as the daughter of Italian immigrants.” Bancroft began her career on TV in 1950 as Ann Italiano. Banat: Ray Douglas Bradbury (1920–). The artist’s Italian nickname means “clumsy doll. told her she had to take a new name.” and the “plump” suffix -occio. stage actor. Laura Bancroft see Floyd Akers [Sir] Squire Bancroft: Sydney Bancroft Butterfield (1841–1926). The actor assumed his new name in 1867.” Mega Banton: Garth Williams (c. Austral. when she changed her surname to Bambara. U. Bianchi was discovered and renamed by fellow comedian Fatty Arbuckle (see William B. She then signed for Twentieth Century–Fox.S. June 9. basing it on the commercial product RC Cola. Starkey Banton: David Murray (1962–). Banksy: Robin Gunningham (1974–).” from bambino. Angela Banner: Angela Mary Maddison (1923–). 2009]. Ger. Du. short-story writer. U.” from a 19th-century Zulu chief. Can. Williams continued the style of lyrics initiated by Burro Banton. Eng.M. Buju Banton: Mark Anthony Myrie (1973–). June 14. Italiano.

children’s writer. La Barbarina: Barbara Campanini (1721–1799). Estonian poet.S.–born TV. ballet dancer. Bapu: Sattiraju Lakshminarayana (1933–). Then in 1914 she was cast as the vampire in the movie A Fool There Was (1915). R. popular singer. U. stage. black blues musician. movie actress. designer.1935–). stage actor. O’Brien used this name for poems published in The Nation. Blue Star. née Wilson (c. Ehud Barak: Ehud Brog (1942–). Eng. for that would have risked expulsion. diarist. but subsequently developed his own individual act as an aerialist (trapeze artist) named Barbette. Goodman thus first came on stage under the name Theodosia de Coppet. (2) Jean-Gaspard Deburau (originally Jan Kašpar Dvo†ák) (1796–1846). and Barclay Records followed it in 1955. . Francis Bara de Coppet.S. Ann Barclay see Maysie Greig David Barclay: David Poole Fronabarger (1912– 1969). W. black blues musician. It. It included his first poems and articles.S. movie actress. Countess Hélène Barcynska: Marguerite Florence Barclay.S.-Russ. Fr. her name a near-reversal of “Arab death. It. née Jervis (1894–1964). a French immigrant. Br. Glynis Barber: Glynis van der Riet (1955–). I translated the word into Latin. Barbette: Van der Clyde Broodway (1899– 1972). however. The record producer adopted a name that he reckoned would play much better when he went to the U.” and Baraka “shining. U.A. taken from the front of a confectioner’s shop in Bond Street. directed by Frank Powell. music producer.” “lustrous. He could not put his name to them. The writer changed his name in 1968 on converting to Islam. after de Coppet’s Swiss father. as the first “vamp. Rom. For publicity purposes.] Richard Baptist O’Brien (1809–1885). and that gave my pseudonym. 50]. Antonia Barber: Barbara Anthony. 46 Johannes Barbarus: Johannes Varesh (1890– 1946). He claimed that the initials stood for “Wilhelm Nero Pilate. movie director. Baptiste: (1) Nicolas Anselme (1761–1835). Barbee told researchers that his real name was William George Tucker but in 1937 applied for social security as John Henry Barbee. a Polish Jew. Galerana Baratotti (or Barcitotti): Arcangela Tarabotti (1604–1652). It.. satirist. Ion Barbu: Dan Barbilian (1895–1964).-born S. proving only that we live in a different culture” [Thomson 2003. essayist. music-hall female impersonator. Barbellion: Bruce Frederick Cummings (1889–1919).” “ruler. Porfirio Barba Jacob: Miguel Angel Osorio Benítez (1883–1942). Fr. movie actor. Fr. He recalled: “I needed a pen name. Hicks adopted the nickname given him by Columbia Records for his day job as a chef in a barbecue restaurant. Goodman’s parents legally changed their name to Bara. U. Barbara: Monique Serf (1930–1997).S.” “The anagrammatic connection between Theda Bara and Arab Death so often evoked in awed tones is today like an archaeological find. sentimental comedy actor. when he published entries from his diary in book form under the title The Journal of a Disappointed Man (1919).” Theda Bara: Theodosia Burr Goodman (1885– 1955). to do business there. The artist’s new name is Sanskrit for “father. U.96]. U. lyric poet. Paola Barbara: Paolina Prato (1912–). polemicist. Ravenscroft (1901– 1969). Jewish parentage. Estonian. The artist made his debut in the circus dressed as one of the Alfaretta Sisters. writer. p. Ind. Israel’s prime minister from 1999 to 2001 changed his name on being drafted into the Israel Defense Forces in 1959. One of the teachers called me a barbarian because I was once late for a lesson. when he distributed a hectographed magazine in Russian. later Evans. cartoonist. p. black writer. U. which I have used all my life” [Dmitriyev. Amiri Baraka: Everett LeRoy (later LeRoi) Jones (1934–). wife of Michael Brandon. John Henry Barbee: John Henry Barbee (1905– 1964). and Pauline Louise de Coppet. and Latvian. Eng. The writer used this name for four novels published in the 1930s. Barbecue Bob: Robert Hicks (1902–1931). Tessa Barclay see Avon Curry Roy Barcroft: Howard H. U.S. writer. Hernekin Baptist: Ethelreda Lewis (1875– 1946).K. Paolo Barbaro: Ennio Gallo (1922–). Ind. of Lithuanian parentage.” all men of bravado.” Goodman was said to be the love child of a French artist and his Egyptian mistress. Colombian poet. It.Baptist • Barcynska Father Baptist: [Rev. of Bohemian parentage. London. naturalist. In 1917. songwriter. Fr. S. The writer’s name arose in his school days.N. of Pol.” Timir Baran: Timirbaran Bhattacharya (1904– 1987). Israeli politician.P. novelist. pierrot.A.S. who renamed her Theda Bara for the part. Amiri (originally Ameer) means “prince. Ir. composer of movie music. The writer adopted this name. naming his father as Beecher Barbee. Eddie Barclay: Edouard Ruault (1921–2005). working in U. In 1949 he set up his first record label. movie actress. at first often prefixing it with the title Imamu (“imam”). Goodman was the daughter of Bernard Goodman.S.

Eng. Bardd yr Haf: Robert Williams Parry (1884– 1956). Welsh poet. short-story writer. horological inventor. The poet’s name means “the lame poet.” implying one who earns his daily bread by his street performances. based on the 1954 novel Il Disprezzo (English title A Ghost at Noon) by Alberto Moravia [Jeffrey Robinson. TV actor. The singer’s name means literally “the crust poet.” Local wags gave him the Welsh title Archfardd Cocysaidd Tywysogol.S. movie. Edward Barlow (1587–1641). Hung. music-hall comedian. Jones (1939–). like that of Shakespeare. Hence his bardic Welsh name or title. The actor had a high. Eng.” Shlomo Bardin: Shlomo Bardinstein (1898– 1976). Arkell-Smith assumed a male identity and rank as Colonel Victor Barker. Many sources give the actress’s original name as Camille Javal.” The appointment was an honorary one.1865). financier.B. See also B. novelist. poet. Her second husband was Caradoc Evans. Bardot: An Intimate Portrait. when he left Russia for Palestine.” alluding to his reputation as “the king of all the ballad singers” in southern Wales. diamond magnate. U. Y Bardd Coch o Fôn: Hugh Hughes (1693– 1776). Seven years later she downgraded her rank and expanded her name to become Captain Leslie Ivor Victor Gauntlett Bligh Barker. movie actress. Bardd y Brenin: Edward Jones (1752–1824). “The Summer. meaning “King’s Poet. The actress once explained that she created her new name by combining those of actress Lynn Fontanne and dramatist James Barrie. was the son of a Polish count called Barcynski. Welsh poet. Jamaican reggae musician. Br.” Y Bardd Crwst: Abel Jones (1829–1901). After the war he became a British citizen. Lynn Bari: Marjorie Schuyler Fisher (1913– 1989).” and so came to be known as “poet of the summer. meaning “the cockles poet. 1994]. Bardd Nantglyn: Robert Davies (1769–1835).S. The writer was appointed bard (court poet) to the Prince of Wales. or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore (1855). executed for being a Roman Catholic priest “unlawfully abiding in England” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Armiger Barclay. author. The writer assumed a fictional identity to match her books. The speculator adopted the name of the Barnato Brothers. The poet won the chair at the 1910 National Eisteddfod with his poem Yr Haf. writer. which was originally Will Gibbard when he made his debut in 1895. Eng. as whom she married Elfrida Haward in 1923.” referring to an accident he had as a child. movie actress.S. Hence the name by which he became known. short-story writer. Her true sex was revealed when she was arrested and jailed on a bankruptcy charge. priest. Brigitte Bardot: Brigitte Bardot (1934–). Welsh poetaster. Max Baring: Charles Messent (1857–?). adventuress. Wilkie Bard: William Augustus Smith (1870– 1944). which he and his brother had used in London as vaudeville entertainers. Welsh balladist. Y Bardd Cloff : Thomas Jones (1768–1828). . dramatist of the Della Cruscan school. Hence his nickname and subsequent stage name. Eng. Nantglyn near Denbigh. U. U. Alcott adopted this name for a number of adventure thrillers published in the “Flag of Our Union” series. Bardd Gwagedd: Richard Williams (c. “Royal High Cockle-Poet. Barnard: Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888). Eng.S. Welsh musician. The poet’s name means “the red poet of the bottom.” Y Bardd Cocos: John Evans (1827–1888). Megan Barker see Rosalind Erskine Victor Barker: Valerie Arkell-Smith (1895– 1960). a Benedictine monk known as Ambrose. Welsh poet. Fr. working in U. Waikna. Barney Barnato: Barnett Isaacs (1852–1897).-born Jewish educator.-born Br. domed forehead. Samuel A.47 Eng. Following her successive marriages to two Australians. Eng. archaeologist. Eng. Ukr. Welsh balladist. traveler. Booth took his new name from his uncle.1805– c. Her (male) writing name was Oliver Sandys. The singer’s name means literally “vanity poet. Bardinstein probably shortened his name on com- Bard • Barnato pleting his education in 1918. John Bardon: John M. claiming her first husband. The writer used this name for a romantic and largely autobiographical novel.M. Dave Barker: David Collins (c. Bard: Ephraim George Squier (1821– 1888). The Bard: Edward Jerringham (1727–1812). The poet took his name from his birthplace. romantic novelist. The sportsman changed his name to avoid antisemitism in the years before World War II. Norah Baring: Norah Baker (1907–). Charles Barling see Pamela Barrington Edward Barlow: Edward Booth (1639–1719). Welsh poet. table-tennis player. Viktor Barna: Gyözö Viktor Braun (1911–1972). but this is the character she played in the 1963 Franco-Italian movie Le Mépris (English title Contempt). A. movie actress. The rhymester earned a living by selling cockles.1952–).

theater director. Baron: Baron de V. writer. writer.S. as a teenager at a local jazz club. stage. Domela decided to enter society. Laschever (1924–). but instead decided that he was actually Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern. She adopted her regular stage name 11 years later. novelist. Donald Barr: Charles Leslie Barrett (1879– 1959). finding a new name wasn’t easy. and fled to France with the aim of joining the Foreign Legion. actor. Baron de Bookworms see Toby.. 48 Cecil Barr: Jack Kahane (1887–1939). U. Eng. Jacques Baroncelli: Jacques Baroncelli-Javon (1881–1951). U.. as indeed she was in [Noel Coward’s] Private Lives. however. father of Maurice Girodias. he befriended young aristocrats in military circles. movie. Ray Barra: Raymond Martin Barallobre (1930–). movie director. published a year after the poem itself. Although the poet is generally reckoned to be the author. Wells. during which he lost his faher and brothers. that detectives were after him. movie actress. working in U.S. rock musician. U. Amanda Barrie: Shirley Anne Broadbent (1939–). producer. Odoardo Barri: Edward Slater (1844–1920). Domela threw himself gleefully into the part. Rona Barrett: Rona Burnstein (1934–). The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. Eng. David Baron: Harold Pinter (1930–2008). The Pink Floyd founder took his new first name from his nickname. This name was used for a key to Pope’s The Rape of the Lock (1714). ‘You’ll never be taken seriously in this business with a name like that. Eng. whose Tropic of Cancer arrived in 1932 from the literary agent of an author who signed himself “Anonymous. children’s writer. Then [actors’ union] Equity turned that down because there was already a Lynne Barrie listed. by an author named Cecil Barr. the writer of Peter Pan. all of the witnesses affirmed that Domela’s imposture had been harmless.S. However. Barnett was the son of a family whose original name was Beer. music-hall comedienne. so I asked a friend to choose a book for me and open it at random. parentage. ballet dancer.Barnaval • Barrie Louis Barnaval: Charles De Kay (1848–1935). He first assumed the name and title of Baron Korff. stage.G. by H. TV actress. M. John Barnett: John Barnett (1802–1890). Austral.S. Barrie.S. produced by Freddie Carpenter. and he was freed. after a dummer of the same name. Eng. The artist made her musichall debut in 1897 under the name Maud Laverne. Fr. Baron Korff: Harry Domela (1903–?). movie actress.’ I reckoned that was a message from Gertie. Br. At his trial seven months later.M. impersonator. His great discovery was Henry Miller. His first successful title was Daffodil (1931).S. and was pleased with my chance choice because of its connection with J. They did not penetrate his impersonation. U. Ir. and he was jailed for imposture. Ida Barr: Maud Barlow (1882–1967). Richard Barr: Richard Baer (1917–1989).” but which he eventually published under the author’s real name two years later. L. so that he was the heir to the throne in the event of a restoration of the monarchy.. who always wanted to be called Amanda. TV writer. popular composer. working in France. otherwise Jack Kahane. Sc. Jimmy Barnes: James Swan (1956–). There the long arm of the law fell on his shoulder.. publisher. dramatist. Apothecary: Alexander Pope (1688–1744). Esdras Barnivelt. Alexander Baron: Alec Bernstein (1917–1999). comedian. Kahane settled in Paris. U. Michel Baron: Michel Boyron (1653–1729). it has also been attributed to the Scottish physician and writer John Arbuthnot (1667–1735). I picked Barrie with a pin from the phone book. rock musician. writer. where in 1929 he founded the Obelisk Press. gossip columnist. photographer. of Ger. Billy Barr: Walter Shufflebottom (1897–?). then the royal persona of Prince Lieven of Latvia. U. who decided there was more to him than met the eye. U. Judith Barrett: Lucille Kelly (1914–2000). in disguise.P. But I thought that would be too pretentious so picked Lynne instead. The dramatist adopted this name in his early career as an actor when touring Ireland in the 1950s. Syd Barrett: Roger Keith Barrett (1946–2006). and it opened at two pages that were blank except for a one-word chapter heading ‘Amanda. He soon sensed.S. Eng.’ he told me firmly. composer. Eng. Although born in England. movie actress.. and he was a second cousin of the German composer Giacomo Meyerbeer. journalist. Eng. Eng. Homeless and unemployed after World War I. Eng. Binnie Barnes: Gitelle Gertrude Maude Barnes (1903–1998). even so. poet. Edith Barrett: Edith Williams (1906–1977). playwright.S. I thought of Amanda because of my lifelong devotion to Gertrude Lawrence. impostor. editor. whose original name was also Beer. Jewish/Hung. David Barnett: Barnett D. Fr. In this latter role.. The book was Rival Experiments. Ger. and . “He insisted that I change my name. The actress changed her name on being accepted for a part in the revue Five Past Eight. the Kaiser’s grandson. Eng. Nahum (1906–1956).

née Bell (1901–1989). The one was transported to Botany Bay. U. and his pen name may have had some local significance. movie actress.1850– 1870). She then retained the name and male guise for a career in military medicine. U. 2002]. John Barry: Jonathan Barry Prendergast (1933–). Barbara Barrie: Barbara Ann Berman (1931–). and as a persistent pickpocket was deported in 1790 to Botany Bay. detective novelist. movie actress. With spirit and zeal did bestir ’em. E. Waldron ran away from school at the age of 16 and joined a group of strolling players.M. historical novelist. society hostess. Ethel Barrymore: Ethel Mae Blyth (1879– 1959). movie.S. Eng.B. Barrington: Eliza Louisa Moresby Adams Beck (?1862–1931). movie actor. Rev. The other translated to Durham. As to ‘E. Br. Mott lived near Liverpool. Don “Red” Barry: Donald Barry de Acosta (1912–1980). trombonist. songwriter. John Shute Barrington: John Shute (1678– 1734). Eng. U. Ir. TV actor. movie actor.. Eng.S. pop musician. after the play’s young heroine. musician.1790–1865). Welsh-born Br. U. movie actor. It’s Not a Rehearsal.S.S. politician. Eng. stage actress. rock musician. A popular verse was current following his conviction: Two namesakes of late. and according to the terms of the will adopted the name and arms of the bequeather. black fashion designer. Wendy Barrie: Marguerite Wendy Jenkins (1912–1978). Eng. She was already named Wendy.e. blues singer. George Barrington: George Waldron (1755– 1804). John Barrymore: John Sidney Blyth (1882– 1942). stage. Jack Barry: Jack Barasch (1918–1984). Sc.S. Eng. Gene Barry: Eugene Klass (1919–2009). Michael Barry: (1) James Barry Jackson (1910–). movie actress. movie actress. romantic. pop singer. Joan Barry: Joan Tiarks. adventurer. Barrowcliffe: Albert Julius Mott (fl. husband of his first cousin. James Barry: Margaret Bulkley (c. He subsequently turned to crime. in a different way. Margaret Bulkley adopted this male name when registering for a medical degree at Edinburgh University in 1809.” [Marble. father of actor John The namesake was Shute Barrington (1734– 1826). Charles Barling. U. son of John Shute Barrington. Barrington also . TV personality. because two of my names are those initials —i. U. “I chose Louis Moresby as pseudonym because two of my names — I have a good many — are Louisa Moresby. changing his name to Barrington to encourage confusion with an existing actor named John Barrington. working in U. working in Canada. stage. Diana Barrymore: Diana Blanche Barrymore Blyth (1921–1960). Christine Barry: Grace Underwood (1911– 1964). where he reformed and wrote interesting accounts of his experiences. stage. Br.197]. Eng. Wendy Darling. Mona Barrie: Mona Smith (1909–1964). Desmond Barrit: Desmond Brown (1944–). bishop of Durham. writer. Br. daughter of John Barrymore (by his second wife. U. TV actor.J. Austral.S. movie music composer. Barrow see Abbé Bossut A. Jocelyn Barry see Avon Curry Joe Barry: Joseph Barrios (1939–2004). food writer.S. Maurice Barrymore. Eng. singer. Michael Strange). detective novelist. writer.S. author of Peter Pan (1904). The writer used the name Lily Adams Beck for books about oriental culture and also wrote under the male name Louis Moresby. writer. J. David Barry: Meurig Wyn Jones (1943–). Rutland Barrington: George Rutland Barrington Fleet (1853–1922). U. reformer. U.49 Amanda Barrie I became” [Amanda Barrie with Hilary Bonner. “Lynne Barrie” may have actually been Lynn Bari. Br. S. Marguerite Jenkins was the goddaughter of J. Barrie: Barry Authors (1933–). (2) Michael John Bukht (1941–).J. bandleader. Bari • Barrymore wrote under the name of her husband. Barrie. producer. Charles Barry: Charles Bryson (1887–1963). U. Pamela Barrington: Muriel Vere Mant Barling (1904–1986). stage. and she took her new name from him. actor. In 1710 the future Viscount Barrington inherited the estate of Francis Barrington.S. p. Eng. U. Blue Barron: Harry Friedland (1911–). movie actress. while Wells’s Amanda was probably really Amanda Benham in Wells’s The Research Magnificent (1915). Scott Barrie: Nelson Clyde Barr (1941–1993).S.S. medical officer. E. Chris Barron: Christopher Barron Gross (1968–).B.S. Australia. Both Ethel Blyth and her brothers John and Lionel Blyth adopted the name of their father.’ I wanted the initials E. Barrington. movie actress. Len Barry: Leonard Borrisoff (1942–). claiming a birth date of 1799.S. Can. U.

Basie first called himself “Count” in 1928. Br. Russ. movie actress. U. “I was called Big Lighter and Bagel Eater.S. and adopted her name. stage. journalist. Many of the writer’s works have the sea as their setting. The avant-garde artist began his training in East Berlin but in 1956 moved to West Berlin. biographer. Freddie Bartholomew: Frederick Llewellyn (1924–1992). Ganna (Hanna) Barvinok: Aleksandra Mikhaylovna Belozerskaya-Kulish (1828–1911). It. and Lionel Barrymore. Jr. The actress adopted the modified .S. father of Ethel. The Drew name came from the actor’s mother. Bartimeus: [Captain Sir] Lewis Anselmo Ritchie (1886–1967). of which he was literary editor. haiku poet. Rom. U. Buzz Barton: William Lamarr (1914–1980). composer. Begleiter (whose real name happens to be German for “musical accompanist”) changed his name by deed poll. Pol. U. Georg Baselitz: Hans-Georg Kern (1938–). screenwriter. Basil: Richard Ashe King (1839–1932). indigenous campaigner. ‘I thought.S. painter. writer.S. John. The musician adopted his new name from Bart’s. Br. The actor was raised by an aunt. Matsuo Basho: Matsuo Munefusa (1644–1694). U. movie producer. movie actress. Louis Barsac: Ernest James Oldmeadow (1867– 1949). songwriter. 2002]. novelist. Eva Bartok: Eva Martha Sjöke (1926–1998). Erle Barton see Neil Balfort Richard Barton: Richard Bradshaigh (or Bradshaw) (1601–1669). Russian barvinok is the periwinkle (the flowering plant Vinca minor or Vinca herbacea).S. Billy Barty: William John Bertanzetti (1924– 2000). Austral. U. Theodore Basil: Thomas Becon (1512–1567). Count Basie: William Basie (1904–1984).S. TV entertainer. The biblical Bartimaeus was a blind beggar cured by Jesus (Mark 10).Barrymore • Basquette Drew Barrymore (John Barrymore. and has been refuted in informed media profiles. Eng. such as Duke Ellington. writer of naval stories. actor. Protestant clergyman. I was on a bus going past Bart’s hospital when I got the idea” [Sunday Times. movie actor. née Georgiana Emma Drew (1856–1893). Basia: Basia Trzetrzelewska (1956–). But such a link seems unlikely. The writer’s full adopted name was Sydney S. juvenile movie actor.S. writer. sculptor. Ivan Baskoff: Henri Meilhac (1832–1897). “Oh well. Lionel Bart: Lionel Begleiter (1930–1999). working in U. Fr. writer. Bartholomew’s hospital. Br. writer.) (1932–2004). child movie actor. where Maurice himself first appeared in 1874. Michael Barrymore: Michael Keiran Parker (1952–).-born U. He had never heard of the Barrymores. Millicent Bartholomew. grandfather of movie actress Drew Blyth Barrymore (1975–). The story usually told is that his agent renamed him after the U. The writer used this name for contributions to La Vie Parisienne. black jazz musician.born U. King took the name Desmond B. but the main problem was that I got fed up with having to spell it out.S. but he altered this to Ritchie by deed poll in 1941. dramatist. Jean Bart: Eugen Botez (1874–1933). Ir. Maurice Barrymore: Herbert Arthur Chamberlayne Hunter Blyth (1849–1905). The celebrity was obliged to find another name early in his career as there was already a Michael Parker in show business. the royal family of the theatre. Jesuit. Hung. Fra Bartolommeo: Bartolommeo di Pagolo del Fattorino (or Baccio della Porta) (1472–1517). Deutschbaselitz. Sy Bartlett: Sacha Baraniev (1909–1978). It was in turn adopted by his three children. any name’ll do”’” [Sunday Times. alluding to the simple hut by such a tree where he liked to retreat from society. Jap. The names of Barton’s parents are unknown. Eng. actor Lionel Barrymore. Eng. The writer’s original surname was Ricci. The poet’s pen name is the Japanese word for the banana tree. adopting a regal title of the type favored by other jazz musicians. rock singer.S. Eng. herself the daughter of Irish-born actor John Drew (1827–1862). the popular name of St. London. Maurice Barrymore adopted his stage name from an old playbill hanging in the Haymarket Theatre. cleric. who made their name on the American stage. 1999]. painter. Lina Basquette: Lena Baskette (1907–1994).-born Br. September 15. author. from his birthplace. when he adopted his new name. that of the French naval commander Jean Bart (1650–1702). and his surname was the name of the railroad siding on the edge of the Great Victoria Desert in South Australia where he was born to an Aboriginal mother following her conception by a white man. Hence his pen name. Br. “He acquired his new name from a married couple who decided to manage him. Bartlett. Ukr. He joined the Royal Navy as a teen- 50 ager in 1901 and served for a short time in home waters before being obliged to transfer to the paymaster branch because of poor eyesight. London. April 4. Archie Barton: ? (1936–2008). Ger. and Ritchie’s use of the name presumably has a personal reference. Lionel Barrymore: Lionel Herbert Blyth (1878–1954). actress Georgie Barrymore. dwarf movie actor. O’Brien for his writings in Truth magazine. Saxony.

Can. Bass • Bazarov Batt: Oswald Barrett (1892–1945). Russ. for some gospel and spiritual songs.1515–1592). Governess. cleric. this last for The English Governess (1960). It. U. Austral. and Miles Underwood.: Ed Bullins (1935–). Francesco. Jack Bassett see Fenton Brockley Hogan “Kid” Bassey: Okon Bassey Asuquo (1932–1998). movie actress. Cuban-born U. U. It.” Ugo Bassi: Giuseppe Bassi (1801–1849). pop singer. Other names used by the writer include Jean de Saint-Luc. two years after marrying Sam Warner. Beverly Bayne: Pearl von Name (1894–1982). movie actress. The artist’s name is a diminutive of the second word of his first name. Warner. The musician used this name.” a type of biscuit or cookie invented by a Dr. Russ.S. Ger. ‘It just sounds like the music. Deacon L. Sylvia Bayer: John Glassco (1909–1981).J. It. industrialist. Steven Bauer: Steven Echevarria (1956–). p. Giovanni Battista.S. William Baylebridge: Charles William Blocksidge (1883–1942). author. poet. Senegalese boxer. The playwright James Barrie advised the actress early in her career that Feodora Forde was not a good stage name. whom he married five years later. Gerolamo. also published as Harriet Marwood. as writer of the lyrics for the musical comedy Naughty Nancy (1902). a reversal of “Bath Oliver. The singer had already taken her stage name when appearing in 1898 at the Hyde and Behman vaudeville theater in Chicago. Maurice Baxter: [Sir] Joseph Compton Rickett (1847–1919). U. née Ivory (1926–). publisher. Keith Baxter: Keith Stanley Baxter-Wright (1933–).S. Eng. The painter. Nikolay Baturin: Nikolay Nikolayevich Zamyatin (1877–1927).S. Colombian drummer. 2d Earl of Halsbury. Batata: Paulino Salgado Valdez (1929–2004). a parody of Victorian pornography. U. The son of the three-times lord chancellor of England adopted this name. Ralph Bass: Ralph Basso (1911–1997). of Pakistani-Eng. elder brother of Jack L. short-story writer. Reg Batchelor see Mark Carrel Florence Bates: Florence Rabe (1888–1954).P. Communist activist. R&B producer. publisher. Br. Jr. The socialist philosopher appears to have adopted . It is uncertain to what extent the new surname is a meaningful alteration of the original. historian. Bates: Blind Lemon Jefferson (1897–1929). The words were ‘chosen simply because they sounded unusual together’” [Beech. poet. black playwright. Oliver Bath: Hardinge Goulburn Giffard. movie actor.S.S.51 form of her name in 1927. a gift for his fiancée Esme Wallace. Roger Bax see Andrew Garve Beryl Baxter: Beryl Gross. stage. Jacopo Bassano: Jacopo da Ponte (c. Bullins adopted this pseudonym for the publication of We Righteous Bombers in the anthology New Plays from the Black Theatre (1969). based on his initials. Its creator denies a meaningful origin. northern Italy. taking it from a character in Booth Tarkington’s novel Seventeen (1916).33]. which literally translates as “John the Baptist. painter. His four painter sons. economist. Fr. and politician adopted his mother’s maiden name by deed poll in 1946. McCall George Owen Baxter see Max Brand Hazel Baxter see Fenton Brockley Jane Baxter: Feodora Kathleen Alice Forde (1909–1996).-born Br. politician. Jane Bathori: Jeanne-Marie Berthier (1877– 1970). Rickett used this name for his poetry and fiction. U. Stephen Tring Nathalie Baye: Judith Mesnil (1945–). Viscount Tiverton (1880–1943). “Hogan” from “Okon. movie actress. Br.” Compare Baciccia.’ she said in an interview. [Sir] Brian Batsford: Brian Caldwell Cook (1910–1991). parentage.S. The painter took his name from his birth town of Bassano. singer. Fr. singer. Valerie Baxter see A. The singer’s name seems to suggest a flirtatious girl who “bats her lashes” or flutters her eyelids. She therefore chose a new name.S. Br. adopted the name in turn. Br. Bat for Lashes: Natasha Khan (1979–). U. Br. Oliver. concert singer. Geoffrey Baxter see J. Vladimir Bazarov: Vladimir Aleksandrovich Rudnev (1874–1939). The priest and preacher changed his first name in honor of the poet and patriot Ugo Foscolo (1778–1827). Nora Bayes: Theodora Goldberg (1880–1928). philosopher. black blues guitarist. Willy Bauer: Willy Benedikt Gegen-Bauer (1937–). hotelier. religious writer. The writer adopted his pen name from about 1925. tor. The actress took her screen name from the character of Miss Bates that she played in a 1935 stage adaptation of Jane Austen’s novel Emma. movie actress. Welsh stage actor. Kingsley Bass. Battling Siki: Louis Phal (1897–1925). writer. stage. and Lerandro. singer. painter. Nigerian boxer. working in U. movie actress. Gooch. illustraBattistello: Giovanni Battista Caracciolo (1578– 1635). comedienne. Silas M. “The words ‘bat’ and ‘lashes’ cane into Natasha Khan’s mind as she was working out the visual and audio concepts for her 2006 debut Fur and Gold.

Hunter recorded over 50 songs in the 1920s under her own name and various pseudonyms. B. comedian. Dona Béatrice founded the Antonian church in 1703. Beame was mayor of New York City 1974–77. (3) Brigitte Bardot. where he lived for a time. U. short-story writer. writer. Eng. Warren Beatty: Henry Warren Beaty (1937–). Anthony. religious. novelist. Congolese religious leader.1682–1706). Beaty made a minor adjustment to his real name by doubling a letter for his screen name. Beau Jocque: Andrus Espre (1952–1999). including this one. (2) Denys James Watkins-Pitchford (1905–1990). U.S. just as a beachcomber searches the shore for valuables. where the family adopted their new name. Beauchâteau: François Chastelet (fl. educator. John Beal: James Alexander Bliedung (1909– 1997). formerly Sansocie.S. Burroughs began his stage career as a magician.S. A name that is part rendered. in diameter). Beauménard see Mme. Br. Eng.S. writer. Douglas Beaufort: Douglas Broad (1864–1939). working in Spain. “V” for “Victor. The columnists hunted out interesting news items. dramatist. Dona Béatrice: Kimpa Vita (c.” Balthasar de Beaujoyeux: Baldassare di Belgiojoso (?–1587). Bellecour . poet.. activist.B.B. black blues singer. U.B. Josephine Beatty: Albert Hunter (1895–1984). Br. whose title pages invariably read “by ‘B.’ Illustrated by D. made a similar modification. Fr. and chose this randomly humorous name for his act.S. “baby.S. politician. Eng. Other names were May Alix and Alberta Prime. U. when Morton succeeded Lewis as columnist on the Daily Express. stage actor. Eng. Sister Beatrice: Elizabeth Ann Rogers (1829– 1921).-born U. Declaring herself to be the reincarnation of the Portuguese St. U. humorous columnist.S. Fr. Beame was born the son of a Polish revolutionary who had fled Warsaw for New York. Bardot’s own initials are of course B.. deriving it from the size of lead shot he used for shooting wild geese (BB is 0. movie. where he was born. He illustrated his own books. There are several villages of the name (meaning “beautiful marsh”) to be found in the north of France.” “The oddest thing about BB is that he became a moderately successful writer despite the difficulties raised by deciding to write under a pseudonym chosen not because it made him sound intriguing or mysterious but based on the size of lead shot he used to shoot geese” [Tom Quinn. Shirley MacLaine. rock drummer. a form of English beam. His sister. humorous columnist. Thelwall took his pen name from Beaufort Buildings. writer. miscellaneous writer. from Italian to French. Rogers took her religious name in 1867. U. (1) Lewis Carroll. part translated. She was burned at the stake as a heretic for preaching that Christ was of Congolese origin. U. Orson Bean: Dallas Frederick Burroughs (1928–).J. Abraham D. The zydeco artist adopted his nickname. historian. violinist. an Anglican sisterhood with a mission field in Hawaii. and “BB” was first used in print for her appearance as a cover girl on the French magazine Elle in 1948. TV actress. Hervé Bazin: Jean-Pierre-Marie Hervé-Bazin (1911–1996). née Tannenberg (1954–).18 in. England. 52 Allyce Beasley: Allyce Schiavelli. Pierre Béarn: Louis-Gabriel Besnard (1902– 2004).1625– 1665). The name was passed down by (1) to (2) in 1924. when she was received into the first order of the Society of the Most Holy Trinity. but he dropped this in favor of Dominic on being received into the Catholic Church in 1921. It. Watkins-Pitchford. London. poet. BB Remembered: The Life and Times of Denys Watkins-Pitchford. Fr. U. Beatrice: Anne Manning (1807–1879). Beatmaster V: Victor Ray Wilson (1959–1996). movie actor. especially as his original name suggests the writer’s earlier novel Rudin (1856). Beachcomber: (1) Dominic Bevan Wyndham Lewis (1891–1969). Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais: Pierre-Augustin Caron (1732–1799). (2) John Cameron Andrieu Bingham Michael Morton (1893– 1979). politician. novelist. Philip Beauchamp: George Grote (1794–1871). Beame: Abraham David Birnbaum (1906–2001). The initials have added point when it is remembered that in French they are pronounced the same as bébé. Eng. composer. movie actor. writer on the countryside. black blues musician. 2006]. John Beaufort: John Thelwall (1764–1834). stage. her sister’s name.Bazin • Beauménard the name of Bazarov. Lewis’s original first name was actually Llewelyn. Mlle. Eng.” Beato Angelico see Fra Angelico George Beaton: Edward Fitzgerald (“Gerald”) Brenan (1894–1987).” Bardot was in her early teens at the time.S. rendering the latter half of the original family name. the nihilist hero of Turgenev’s novel Fathers and Sons (1862). magician. meaning “big handsome guy. Beaumarchais took his writing name from that of a small property in Brie owned by his first wife. before continuing to America. Fr.S. Br. His mother stayed in London. actor. Strand. Watkins-Pitchford first used the initialism for The Sportsman’s Bedside Book (1937).

Maria Kerley. Beckett’s father. movie actress. Francis Beeding: John Leslie Palmer (1885– 1944). The novelist was born Kathrine Marris but legally changed her name to that of her pseudonym.1486–1551). Verdant Green (1853) attended the University of Durham. Lorenzo Beccafumi. horologist. painter. singer. Fr. U.] Edward Bradley (1827– 1889). aviator. Bonnie Bedelia: Bonnie Bedelia Culkin (1946–). Pridvorov. Cuthbert Bede: [Rev.S. Auntie Bee: Bertha Henry Buxton. the Chase. Compare the name of Maxim Gorky.K.S. lawyer. Christopher Beck: Thomas Charles Bridges (1868–1944). movie actress. Lily Adams Beck see E. Eng. writer. forming the completest Lexicon Balatronicum of the Sporting World (1823).” Kenny Bee: Zhang Chentau (1953–).–U. and when he next visited the office they exclaimed “It’s Demyan Bedny!” Demyan (English Damian) was actually the first name of his uncle. U. The poet adopted his father’s middle name as his new surname.53 André Beaumont: Jean Conneau (1880–1937). Susan Beaumont: Susan Black (1936–). The poet would also have certainly wished to avoid the aristocratic associations of his real surname. Brazilian footballer. the Harmful Peasant” to his editors.” reflecting the conditions of the peasants and working classes before the 1917 Revolution. Kenneth Bedford see Mark Carrel Demyan Bedny: Yefim Alekseyevich Pridvorov (1883–1945).1816–1830).S. Br. . when he followed the latter’s example and dropped his second surname. and the varieties of Life. Donald Bedford: Henry James O’Brien Bed- Beaumont • Beenie Man ford-Jones (1887–1949). Henry Knowles Beecher: Henry Knowles Unangst (1904–1976). Saunders had once owned a house in the Sussex village of Beeding.S. The author of The Adventures of Mr. Sp. ragga musician. crime writer. He had brought a poem entitled “Demyan Bedny. thriller writer + Hilary Aidan St. Hong Kong movie actor.S. the pit of bon-ton. “poor. St. Beck: Beck David Hansen (1970–). K. The sportsman’s nickname evolved as a pet form of his second name. Badcock also used the name John Hinds. SF writer. juvenile actor Macaulay Culkin (1980–). of Ger. George Saunders (1898–1951). Averil Beaumont: Margaret Hunt. Jamaican DJ. Captain Beef heart see Captain Beef heart Beenie Man: Anthony Moses Davis (1973–). Fr. He was in fact related to the famous abolitionist Beecher clan through his maternal grandmother. Russ. It. poet. writer of historical adventures. Palmer had always liked the name Francis. Bebeto: José Roberto Gama de Oliveira (1964–). Beauval: Jean Pitel (c. dancer. née Raine (1831–1912). assumed the additional surname Denison by royal tetters patent in the year of his son’s birth under the terms of his wife’s great-great aunt’s will. parentage. popular singer. U. Buxton used this name for her children’s books. Barrington [Sir] Edmund Beckett: Edmund Beckett Denison (1816–1905). U. aunt of U. Can. movie actress. née Leupold (1844–1881). His best-known work was Slang. Br. but reverted to his original surname of Beckett by the same process on succeeding to the baronetcy of Grimthorpe in 1872. U. Beck: Kathrine Kristine Beck (1950–). whose maiden name was Beecher. writer of stories for boys. Gilbert Bécaud: François Gilbert Silly (1927– 2001).S. Pridvorov’s pen name derives from Russian bedny. which he felt would be more widely recognized and admired in Boston than Unangst. It was originally a nickname.S. Eng. Charles Beaumont: Charles Leroy Nutt (1929– 1967). singer. novelist. U. Socialist poet. novelist. The artist adopted the name of his patron.S. His son in turn succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father. architect. actor.S. pop musician. Janet Beecher: Janet Beecher Meysenburg (1884–1955). Fr. U. U. Domenico Beccafumi: Domenico di Pace (c. “of the court. thriller writer. humorous writer. Jimmie Bee: James O’Farrell (1934–1993). sculptor. sporting writer. Br. Br. A Dictionary of the Turf. songwriter. A Lexicon Balatronicum is a “Babblers’ Dictionary. also Sir Edmund Beckett (1787– 1874). and took his name from the two patron saints of that city. Jon Bee: John Badcock (fl. Eng. Br. Eng. Roger de Beauvoir: Eugène-Auguste-Roger de Bully (1806–1866). humorist. Walter Beckett see Martin Mills Grania Beckford see Rosalind Erskine Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer: Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida (1836–1870).1635–1709).S. Bridges also wrote as Martin Shaw and John Stanton.” Widow Bedott: Frances Miriam Whitcher (1814–1852). A single name for a two-man writing partnership.S. The future professor of research in anesthesia entered Harvard Medical School in 1928 but before leaving adopted his new name. who was a peasant. Fr. Cuthbert and the Venerable Bede.-born U. the Ring. medical researcher. which suggests pridvorny. rock musician.

The Brontës. All three names preserved their bearers’ original initials [Juliet Barker. Frank Bell see Carolyn Keene Freddie Bell: Freddie Bello (1931–2008). Esq. near York. fair hair. novelist. Eng. and was that of a local family of mill owners. novelist.” that he “joined a chasseur regiment . Harriet Martineau. Chin. movie actress. Carey Bell: Carey Bell Harrington (1936– 2007). novelist. Lenny Beige: Stephen Furst (1968–). 1994]. Bei Dao: Zhao Zhenkai (1949–). When the three daughters of Patrick Brontë first published some poems in 1846. took for his pen name an Italian-style translation of his middle name. Belcampo: Herman P Schönfeld Wichers (1902– . Joseph Bell (1837–1911). Josephine Bell: Doris Bell Ball. by profession a doctor. of Ugandan-Sicilian parentage. Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre (1847) was originally published as by Currer Bell.–U.Bega • Bell Lou Bega: David Loubega (1975–). Marie Bell: Marie-Jeanne Bellon-Downey (1900– 1985). his brother-in-law. Beggarstaff: [Sir] William Newzam Prior Nicholson (1872–1949). Acton was a name Anne Brontë would have known from her time as governess to a family at Thorp Green Hall. movie actress. music critic.” was one of several the underground poet and writer of fiction adopted in the 1970s. The choice of the respective first names and the surname has been a matter of much speculation.” appeared on the envelope. & W. Fr.” but the artists themselves did not care for this version. Their guise was soon penetrated. Charlotte Brontë is said to have chosen the name Bell because it was the middle name of Arthur Bell Nicholls. of It. and that he “was of medium height. disposition and physical appearance of my late friend and neighbour. meaning “North Island. J. . Ellis. Pushkin used the name for the supposed narrator of his Tales of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin (1831). Ellis Bell: Emily Brontë (1818–1848).” telling how he was “born of honourable parentage in the year 1798. because—without at that time suspecting that our mode of writing and thinking was not what is called ‘feminine’—we had a vague impression that authoresses are liable to be looked on with prejudice” [Charlotte Brontë. and therefore writing to them as men. rock’n’roll singer. parentage.S. Chorley adopted a pen name for his fiction that honored the Brontë sisters (see Currer Bell). however. in which he remained throughout his service until the year 1823. Eng. and he had grey eyes. novelist. the Scottish surgeon and professor who was Arthur Conan Doyle’s model for Sherlock Holmes. 1990). dancer. Br. This pen name. U. Eng. blues harmonica player. Eng. U. Ellis. Nicholson explains the duo’s choice of name: “Pryde and I came across it one day in an old stable. poster artist. Eng. dramatist. Rex Bell: George Francis Beldam (1905–1962). It is a good. detective novelist. and it appealed to us. Charlotte Brontë later gave the following account of the assumption of these names: “Averse to personal publicity. entertainer. writer. The Tales of Belkin. Ellis is also a Yorkshire name. “Biographical Notice of Ellis & Acton Bell. The comedian’s professional name is reflected (almost literally) in the beige sequined costume that he affects when on stage. U. and in a preface. sister of Acton Bell and Ellis Bell. Du. poster artist + James Pryde (1866–1941). ice skater. writer. and died” in 1828. Doris Ball created her pseudonymous persona as a female equivalent of Dr. Russ. occupations. Br. journalist. physician.. Eng. pop musician. on a sack of fodder. translated by Gillon Aitken and David Budgen. 2000]. Currer is a Yorkshire surname and was familiar to the Brontës as that of a local benefactor. Frances Richardson Currer. we veiled our own names under those of Currer.” Aunt Belinda see Lady Caroline Lascelles Belita: Belita Gladys Olive Lyne Jepson-Turner (1923–2005). Maurice Béjart: Maurice-Jean Berger (1927– 2007). Marjorie Bell see Marge Champion Neil Bell see Stephen Southwold Paul Bell: Henry Fothergill Chorley (1808– 1872). people started referring to the “Beggarstaff Brothers. the ambiguous choice being dictated by a sort of conscientious scruple at assuming Christian names positively masculine. movie actor.” gives a brief account of “the life. “From the Editor. old English name.” although “Currer Bell. her father’s curate and her future husband. Fr.. they named themselves as “Currer. dancer. and that same year Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights also appeared. theater manager.” “A.S. Ger. The writer. stage. poet. and a straight nose” [Alexander Pushkin. née Collier (1897–1987). choreographer. Eng. and when Charlotte Brontë received a letter from her contemporary. it began “Dear Madam.” that he “caught an extremely severe cold which developed into a fever. while we did not declare ourselves women. so we adopted it immediately” [Chilvers 2004.” 1850]. sister of Currer Bell. with the author given as Ellis Bell.” leading many people to 54 think that the authors were three brothers. hearty. Currer Bell: Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855). Ivan Petrovich Belkin: Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799–1837). poet. literally “beautiful field. Acton Bell: Ann Brontë (1820–1849).P. and Acton Bell. sister of Currer Bell. After a time. songwriter. p.64].S.S. and Acton Bell.

S. Richard Belvoir see Geoffrey Crayon.S. Israeli politician. Beauménard. Dormont de Belloy: Pierre-Laurent Buirette (1727–1775). She adopted his name and calling and thus became known as Mlle. in 1901. Bell • Bendigo Albert Bels: Janis Cirulis (1938–). 2009]. Russ. U. The artist made her debut on the music-hall stage under the name Signorina Ballantino. stage actor. even though Russian bely means “white. The singer’s professional name is that of her first husband. working in Yiddish.” Bugayev had initially preferred the name “Boris Burevoy” (“Boris Blustery”). in strict order of seniority. Br. Solovyov. The composite name consists of the first syllables of each of the three brothers’ forenames.” So Andrey Bely it was. showman. U. Fr. bandleader. Benauly: Benjamin Vaughan Abbott (1830– 1890).S.55 Solomon Bell: William Joseph Sneling (1804– 1848).S. gay activist. Bellachini: Samuel Berlach (1828–1885).S. saying she had grown tired of her selfimposed anonymity [The Sunday Times. Magnanti used her book to describe her own short-lived experiences as a prostitute. jazz drummer. Plekhanov adopted the name of the central character of Herzen’s novel Who Is to Blame? (1841–46). writer. But Solovyov said that people would only pun on the name. Madame Bellecour: Rose-Perrine le Roy de la Corbinaye (1730–1799).” Yitzhak Ben-Aharon: Yitzhak Nussboim (1906– 2006). Br. Ir. U. Belle de Jour: Brooke Magnanti (1975–). Belorussian-born U. journalist. author. Can.] Lyman Abbott (1835–1922).born Br.-born U. Ind. Dennis Benatar. writer. writer. husband of Madame Bellecour. author + Austin Abbott (1831–1896). Latvian writer. Bellecour: Jean-Claude-Gilles Colson (1725– 1778). November 15. M. Shek Ben Ali: Mohari Alli (1912–1978). Green (1866–1951). Ben Ali Bey: Max Auzinger (1839–1928). Lola Beltran: Maria Lucial Beltran Ruiz (1932– 1996). Russ. Fr.born magician. magician. Andrey Bely: Boris Nikolayevich Bugayev (1880–1934). They soon divorced. When Bugayev wished to publish some poetry as a student. He also wrote as Volgin (see Vladimir Ilyich Lenin).S. The name is a corruption of . literally “daytime beauty. Eyde settled in Los Angeles in 1945. It is not known when the actor adopted his new surname. Thornton Bell see Neil Balfort William Bell: William Yarborough (1939–). playwright. who devised it simply for its euphony. U. Louie Bellson: Luigi Paolino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni (1924–2009). of It. U. The pseudonym Andrey Bely was thus proposed for him by his editor.” Pat Benatar: Patricia Andrzejewski (1953–). Russ. but she kept the name following her second marriage in 1982 to Neil Giraldo since by then she was an established artist. Pol. “Ben Ali” and “Ali Bey” are stock stage names for a magician. U. The identity of the author of The Intimate Adventures of a London Call Girl (2003) was long a mystery. movie actress. Ger. ballet dancer. seeing it as Bori voy. and became known by his name as Madame Bellecour. boxer. George Bellairs: Harold Blundell (1902–1982). Fr. author + [Rev. rock singer.1630–1690). Belleville see Turlupin Saul Bellow: Solomon Bellows (1915–2005). Belsaz: John C.S. Fr. novelist. soul singer. Fr. Latvian poet. U. his father objected.S. when she created a new name for herself from the letters in “lesbian.S. mystery novelist.1592–1670). The actress left home when she was 13 and took up with an itinerant comic actor called Beauménard. a plant whose flower closes at sunset. actor. N. U. Eng. which is Hebrew for “son of my people.S. magician. about a surgeon’s wife who takes on afternoon work in a brothel. Bessie Bellwood: Elizabeth Ann Katherine Mahony (1847–1896). although it was clear the pseudonym came from the 1967 French movie so titled. magician. symbolist poet. critic.S. (French belle-de-jour. jun.) Professionally a research scientist. artist. music-hall performer. Marxist revolutionary. Lisa Ben: Edith Eyde (1921–). Beltov : Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov (1856–1918).” is a name for the convolvulus. Snelling adopted his mother’s maiden name for several volumes of travel and adventure tales for children.S. “Borya’s howl. She eventually decided to unmask herself. comic actor. prizefighter. Later she married the actor Bellecour. Ben: Benjamin Vautier (1935–). actress. Belleroche: Raymond Poisson (c. Bellerose: Pierre Le Messier (c. Madge Bellamy: Margaret Philpott (1903– 1990). parentage. Fr. U. dramatist. Mexican popular singer. Vizma Belš evica: Vizma Elsberga (1931–). whom she married in 1977. actor. Jacob Ben-Ami: Yakov Shchirin (1890–1977). Bendigo: William Thompson (1811–1880). as Ben Ali Bey. Can. Anatoly Belov : Anatoly Antonovich Dubin (1925–).

Eng. Benedict XII: Jacques Fournier (c. Bruce Bennett was the name I came up with” [The Times. It. Benedetta: Benedetta Cappa (1899–1977). The pontiff adopted the name of his uncle. pope. Ger. fashion illustrator. of his predecessor. TV actor.1328– 1423). Earl of Somerset (?1589–1645). Ger. antipope. Benedict XI: Niccolò Boccasini (1240–1304). movie director. 1922]. and Abed-Nego. where he came in 1906. whose original name he also shared. U. parentage. writer. The former world-class athlete adopted his new name when he became so closely linked with the role of the ape-man Tarzan in the 1930s that he found it difficult to get other good roles. favorite of James I. Fr. popular singer. whom a jocular friend of the family nicknamed Shadrach.S. TV entertainer. as Ratzinger believed he might. who had created him cardinal in 1728. ‘Joe .1841– 1876). conductor. TV series producer.” The specific reference is to Joseph ben Gurion. Benedict X: Giovanni Mincio (?–c. He added that to have taken the name John Paul III. The pontiff assumed the original name.1055).S. and assimilates well to his former surname. 2007]. Sp. Compton Bennett: Robert Compton-Bennett (1900–1974). would have been “presumptuous. Harve Bennett: Harvey Fischman (1930–). movie actor. who had also been a Dominican.S.” 56 Dirk Benedict: Dirk Niewoehner (1944–).1280–1342). U. which means “green. of It. (2) Pietro Francesco Vincenzo Maria Orsini (1649–1730). poet. Pol. The pontiff had joined the Dominican order at an early age. But why Abednego? “According to one account. Bob Hope came into the club and engaged Bennett to join his touring show.. Compare the name of Micah Bin Gorion. David Ben-Gurion: David Gruen (1886–1973). who was a moderate after Pius X and who enjoyed only “a short reign” (1914–22).S. of part–Martiniquan parentage..Bendo • Bennett “Abednego. Paul Ben-Haim: Paul Frankenburger (1897– 1984). choreographer. Benedict XIV: Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (1675–1758). Benedict XIII: (1) Pedro de Luna (c. pope. Michael Bennett: Michael Bennett Di Figlia (1943–1987). Meshach and Abednego) who according to the Bible story were ordered to be cast into King Nebuchadnezzar’s burning fiery furnace for not serving his gods or worshiping his golden image. Giovanni took the name of pope Benedict IX. When the newly-elected pope gave his acceptance speech in 2005 he explained that he wished to inherit the mantle of Benedict XV. Sc. movie actor. Viscount Rochester.S. pope. the last of whom was the future celebrity. when he was playing in the streets and his father appeared in the offing. U. Lou Bennett: Jean-Louis Benoit (1926–). pope. Sp. soon after Ben-Gurion. and assumed his papal name in honor of Benedict XI. It. It. novelist. The name means “son of a lion” (or “son of strength”). Benedict XVI: Joseph Alois Ratzinger (1927–). antipope. ballet dancer. jazz musician. One night in 1949. Leopold Benedict see Morris Winchevsky Peter Benedict see Ellis Peters Richard Benedict: Riccardo Benedetto (1916– 1984).-born Israeli prime minister. April 12.S. pope. novelist. Alexander Bendo: Robert Carr. head of the independent Jewish state in ancient Palestine at the time of the revolt of the Jews against the Romans. U. painter. U.-born Israeli composer.S.S. It. politician. so I made up a list of seven or eight names and asked people which they liked best. after his father’s hometown in Italy. Bruce Bennett: Herman Brix (1906–2007). The rival theory is that. Benedict IX: Theophylactus (or Teofilatto) (?– c. Georgi Benkowsky: Gavril Khlytev (c. he was one of triplets. Benedict (Benedetto). U. He explained: “I realized the name Herman Brix was associated with Tarzan. The musician’s adopted name means “son of life. U.980–1024). Benedict XV: Giacomo della Chiesa (1854– 1922). Paul Benjamin: Paul Auster (1947–).” one of the three “certain Jews” (Shadrach. pope. “There was one condition. It.. Benedict VIII: Theophylactus (or Teofilatto) (c. stage.” Benito: Eduardo García Benito (1892–1953). Meschach. he called himself Joe Bari. It. Eng. Itzhak Ben-Zvi emigrated to Palestine in 1907. The Romance of Words. It. When the singer began his career at age 19 in New York night clubs. Bulg. following his popular predecessor. revolutionary.1080). Boniface VIII. Lennie Bennett: Michael Berry (1938–2009). Tony Bennett: Anthony Dominick Benedetto (1926–). John Paul II. his companions used to warn him by crying ‘Bendy go!’ This theory disregards the assertion of the ‘oldest inhabitant’ that the great man was never called Bendy” [Ernest Weekley. Benedict VIII. David Gruen adopted the ancient Hebrew name of Ben-Gurion when working as a farmer in northern Palestine. pope. It. working in France. pope. U. The pontiff chose his papal name as a tribute to his friend and patron Benedict XIII.

Dan. as if this wasn’t me and I was an impostor and someday the audience would find me out” [Irving A. Edgar Bergen: Edgar John Berggren (1903– 1978).S. Dan. novelist. Augustin Berger: Augustin Razesberger (1861– 1945).– born Jewish biblical scholar. Spanish varga means “hill. U. Philip Berg: Feivel Gruberger (1929–). TV singer.S. so after World War I he changed again to Jack Benny. movie actor. Austr. radio. Anthony Berkeley: Anthony Berkeley Cox (1893–1971). Al Benson: Arthur Learner (1908–1978). née Jensen (1934–2009). Steve Benson see Joe D’Amato Bent Fabric: Benjamin Fabricius Bjerre (1924–). Eng. writer of detective fiction. He found it odd at first to see his name in lights: “I got the strangest feelings . Fr.S. Eng. Berger: Elizabeth Sara Sheppard (1830– 1862). working in Italy. Karla Benton see Fenton Brockley Eliezer Ben-Yehuda: Eliezer Yitzchak Perelman (1858–1922). essayist. lyric poet. movie actress.S. movie actress. movie director. of Swe. Ger. Max Beresford: Annie E.S. the Valvrojenskis changed their surname to Berenson (“son of Bernard”). Newly reincarnated. But this in turn was too close to the name of bandleader Ben Bernie. journalist.. He accordingly called himself Ben K.. poet. Elio Berhanyer: Eliseo Berenguer (1931–). U. TV comedian. Lithuanian-born U. music publisher. acrobat. For her first movie. Fr. Cz.S. circus ringmistress. black popular singer. U. TV actor. Jack Benny: An Intimate Biography.-born U. Sp. opera singer. Benneweis • Berkeley Jane Berbié: Jeanne Marie-Louise Bergougne (1934–). Eulibio Berentiatico: Paolo Rolli (1687–1765). a recording contract with Columbia Records” [The Times Magazine. Across the Rio Grande (1949). Br. boxer. 1976]. rower. Sp. feminist. working in U. stage. jazz pianist. actor. movie actor. writer. Brook Benton: Benjamin Franklin Peay (1931– 1988). Austr. Israel’s second president (1952–63) emigrated to Palestine in 1907.57 Bari’ should change his name to something a little classier. Fred Berk: Fritz Berger (1911–1980). E. art historian.-born Br. short-story writer. Russ. novelist. ballet master. Ballard Berkeley: Ballard Blascheck (1904– 1988). U. Polly Bergen: Nellie Paulina Burgin (1930–). She also wrote as Mme. Cox also wrote as Francis Iles and A. Itzhak Ben-Zvi: Isaac Shimshelevich (1884– 1963). black popular singer. The poet’s pseudonym is his Arcadian name (see Aglauro Cidonia). Carl Benson: Charles Astor Bristed (1820– 1874). Eng. taking his new first name from Jack Osterman. Bernard Berenson: Bernhard Valvrojenski (1865–1959). It. dancer. U. parentage. radio. through Germanic berg.S. essayist. née Eliza Ann Holdsworth (1860–1917). Ludwig Berger: Ludwig Bamberger (1892– 1969). Czech-born Hungarian concert violinist Jan Kubelik threatened to sue if he did not change his name. After immigrating to Boston in 1875.S. of Jewish descent. U. Ger.S. the actress was billed as Polly Burgin. Benny. movie actor. Jack “Kid” Berg: Judah Bergman (1909–1991). Helmut Berger: Helmut Steinberger (1944–). Fein. Lee-Hamilton. Alain de Benoist: Fabrice Laroche (1943–). U. Bennett soon got . Henry Benrath: Albert Henry Rausch (1882– 1949). a popular comic. Monmouth Platts.’ Hope proposed. ventriloquist. Nelly Jane Benneweis: Annette Otto Benneweis. Lithuanian Jewish lexicographer. origin.” André Beranger: George André de Berganger (1895–1973). 1996]. Pol. Austral. circus artist. Br. stage.. The initiator of the Great Dictionary of the Ancient and Modern Hebrew Language has a name meaning “Son of Judah. Austr. stage. Teresa Berganza: Teresa Vargas (1935–). with whom he became closely associated. Veritas Leo Bergen: Irma von Troll-Vorostyani (1847–1912).S. Kinkel and Beatrice Reynolds. soon after David Ben-Gurion. opera singer. Tom Berenger: Thomas Moore (1949–). . of Viennese Jewish origin.-born Israeli politician. U. Br. December 14. Ukr. Jack Beresford: Jack Beresford Wiszniewski (1899–1977). of Pol. Robby Benson: Robert Segal (1956–). fashion designer. ‘Let’s call you Tony Bennett. movie actor. novelist.” and doubtless the singer chose a name that presented this in a more familiar form. U.S..S. Sheppard published two volumes of tales and fables under this name (French for “shepherd”).” emphasizing his dedication to Judaism and to the promotion of the Hebrew language. Elisabeth Bergner: Elisabeth Ettel (1897–1986). Jensen originally changed her name on taking up a career as a variety theater dancer. movie. Beno: Nikolay Konstantinovich Sheskin (?– 1942). Jack Benny: Benjamin Kubelsky (1894–1974). When Kubelsky first appeared on stage under his own name. stage. His adopted name means “son of a deer.

of Fr. singer. novelist. of Russ.” “reddish. “Steven was chistened Leslie. Fr.. Switzerland. 2009]. famous for his bohemian lifestyle. songwriter. stage. a popular Broadway star at the turn of the 20th century who toured with Berkeley’s parents as part of the Tim Frawley Repertory Company. The soprano adopted the name of her stepfather. Göran Bernhard: Göran Streijflert (1932–). Helen Berkley see Henry C. March 21. He changed the spelling of his surname in 1930 on the advice of a psychic. Antonia Bernasconi: Antonia Wagele (?1741– ?1803). The two friends used this name for a light-hearted novel. Dan. U. Browning Steven Berkoff: Leslie Steven Berks (1937–). He recounts: “I got teased a lot at school in the war . Russ. Berkeley adopted his new first name from Amy Busby. [St. was born Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt but added the name Wilson by royal license in 1919.S. Sarah Bernhardt: Sarah-Marie-Henriette-Rosine Bernard (1844–1923). altering “Israel” to “Irving. Br. In 1940 they returned to California and married. Lord Berners: [Sir] Gerald Hugh TyrwhittWilson (1883–1950). which he loathed almost as much as Berks. Russ. U. Milton Berle: Mendel Berlinger (1908–2002).1440–1499). a musichall impresario. Bernard’s mother was the opera singer Fedora Roselli. The actor took his stage name from a character that he created. we’ll call you something else beginning with J. The first half would have given “St.S. because Jerries were Germans—and chamberpots were jerries. The writer was obliged to change the spelling of his name under Fascism. Eng. U. however. Eng.. Carlo Bernari: Carlo Bernard (1909–1992). writer.S. painter. stage actor. ‘Well. Touch and Go (1939). journalist. U.S. He switched to his middle name.-born U. vaudeville comedian. Bernardo: Boris Mikhaylovich Mukhnitsky (?– 1918). invariably known by his baronial title. Bert Bernard: Herbert James Maxwell (1918– 2004).K. whether novels or books on culinary subjects.” The composer kept it that way. writer + Dillwyn Parrish (1894–1941). It. movie choreographer. opera singer.S.] Bernadette: Marie-Bernarde Soubirous (1844–1879). descent.F. antisemitist. Baline. Bernhardt was born the illegitimate daughter of Judith Van Hard. Charles West. with -ette a diminutive suffix. My mother said. 1992].S. actor. The columnist. Victoria Bern: M.” describing his hair. U. Fr. It was changed to Bernard.S. black jazz trombonist.S. The artist’s nickname means “ginger. Jay Bernard see Colin Forbes Jeffrey Bernard: Jerry Joseph Bernard (1932– 1997). stage. the son of a penniless itinerant synagogue cantor. The saint’s name derives from the second part of her own Christian name. movie director. which he inherited from his uncle in 1918. and his family name was originally West.. circus artist. both having divorced their original spouses. Dan. composer. Sp. interior designer. Bernhardt added the name Barron when a child because his grandmother in slavery had been lent to a family named Barron who treated her kindly. Ger. novelist. The two trisyllabic names hardly tripped off the tongue.S. 58 Eric Bernard: Bernard Ciocci (1943–1991). when the printer misprinted his surname as “Berlin. Until Berlinger was 12 he performed under his family name.. in whose opera Temistocle she made her debut in 1762. Fr. Clyde Edric Barron Bernhardt: Clyde Edric Barnhardt (1905–1986). but in 1920 he teamed up in a vaudeville act with a girl named Kennedy. U. journalist. published his first sheet music in 1907.S. peasant girl. Pierre Bernac: Pierre Bertin (1899–1979). director. adding ‘Off ’ to his surname to preserve the ethnic ring without reverting to Berkovitch. playwright. Fisher (1908–1992). polemicist. so “Berlinger” became “Berle. Bernard-Lazare: Lazare Bernard (1865–1902). playwright. director. a Dutch courtesan who had settled . child movie actor. Fisher was born Mary Frances Kennedy but always used her masculinesounding initials in her writing. Carl Bernhard: Andreas Nicolai de Saint-Aubin (1798–1865).’ and she chose Jeffrey” [Graham Lord. Sam Bernard: Samuel Barnett (1863–1927). Eng. Austr.Berkeley • Bernhardt Busby Berkeley: William Berkeley Enos (1895– 1976). near Bern. Fr. by Jeffrey’s paternal grandfather.” Irving Berlin: Israel Baline (1888–1989).born U. clown. after a French aunt. movie comedian. vaudeville performer. TV. musician. concert singer. Charles de Bernard: Charles-Bernard du Grail de la Villette (1805–1850). Fr.” Bartolomé Bermejo: Bartolomé de Cárdenas (c. visionary. which [his father] Albert had abbreviated to assimilate in the adopted country of his Russian forebears” [The Times. Bernardon: Johann Josef Felix von Kurz (1717– 1783). Italian composer Andrea Bernasconi (?1706–?1784). chronicler. Mary. begged his mother to change his first name at the age of eight. novelist. written while living together at Vevey. painter. artist. Just the One: The Wives and Times of Jeffrey Bernard. U.-born U. Paul Bern: Paul Levy (1889–1932). The eccentric Englishman.” which would have been unacceptable.. stage tragedienne. origin. Ger.

Francesca Bertini: Elena Seracini Vitiello (1888 or 1892–1985). her husband. Judith M. Vic Berton: Victor Cohen (1896–1951). Ivan Bersenev: Ivan Nikolayevich Pavlishchev (1889–1951). was her father’s friend. The county of Cornwall is in the extreme southwest of England. L’Abbé Bernier: Paul-Henri Thiry.S. movie director. The name he adopted means “merciless. poet. Dave Berry: David Holgate Grundy (1941–). librettist. movie director. The philosopher and encyclopedist used the name cynically for his Théologie portative. movie actress. illustrator. Berry found success in 1963 with a version of Chuck Berry’s “Memphis Tennessee” and adopted the U. BeRo: Barry Rose (1941–). Fr. producer. Holbach also wrote as Nicolas Boulanger and Jean Mirabaud. Cameroonian novelist. Berryman: Royden Herbert Frederick Ullyett (1914–2001).. magician. Can. Biyidi used the name Ezra Boto for his first novel. beginning with Scotland Yard Alibi (1938).. Jr. then adopted his regular pen name for his second novel. about the exploitation of peasants. movie actor. materialist. Russ. Bassett probably adopted the name of the English literary forger Charles Bertram (1723– 1765). Marina explained that Maureen was her real name and Melrose that of an actress grandmother in England” [Masi and Lancia. bandleader. musician’s name in his honor. novelist. Bernie • Bettina Marina Berti: Elena Maureen Bertolini (1924–). Berrisford: Mary Lewis (1921–). Jean Bertheloy: Berthe Roy de Clotte le Barillier (1868–1927).S. who sometimes called himself Charles Julius. née Bauer (1903– .] Joseph Noel Thomas Boston (1910–1966). atheist writer. U. Mary Berwick: Adelaide Anne Procter (1825– 1864). of East European Jewish descent. movie actress.1831–?). Pavel Besposhchadny: Pavel Grigoryevich Ivanov (1895–1968). A pseudonym based on the setter’s real name. children’ writer + Clifford Lewis (1912–). movie actor. Eng. (1914– 1972). U. Léon Bernoux: Amélie Perronnet (c. Eng. Eng. on the Scottish border. baron d’Holbach (1723–1789). stage. Ville cruelle (1954). daughter of Barry Cornwall. Ernesto Bethancourt: Tomàs Ernesto Bethancourt Passailaigue (1932–). Mongo Beti: Alexandre Biyidi (1932–2001). The poet’s adopted name is a diminutive of his first name. “Dickens . Eng. working in France. The writers of animal books for cbildren based their joint name on the maiden name. poet. The poet’s father committed suicide in 1926 and his mother then married John McAlpin Berryman. Eng. writer. novelist. writer of ghost stories. Fr. John Berryman: John Allyn Smith. Bert Berns: Bert Russell (1929–1967).” describing the conditions he experienced and which were later endured by the miners that he wrote about. of Mary Lewis’s mother. poet. poet.59 in Paris. The writer contributed to Charles Dickens’s periodical Household Words under this name. The feminist writer assumed the Slavic name to break free from her patriarchal lineage. Georgian poet. Ben Bernie: Benjamin Woodruff Anzelevitz (1891–1943). Fr.S.S. and Édouard Bernard. U. It. The artist used this name for his contributions to the Sunday Pictorial until 1953. “There were some who reproached her for having changed her name to Maureen Melrose from sheer servility towards the allies. Le Pauvre Christ de Bomba (1956). pop writer.1629). while the town of Berwick is in the extreme northeast. Louky Bersianik: Lucille Durand (1930–). sports cartoonist. Fr. theatrical director. political writer. Br. It. Helen Berry see Fenton Brockley John Berry: Jack Szold (1917–1999). Noel Bertram: [Rev. and she adopted the policy of anonymity because she did not wish to benefit by his friendly partiality” [Dictionary of National Biography]. crossword compiler. U.150]. travel writer. To them. ou Dictionnaire abrégé de la religion chrétienne (1786). In 1951 Berti went to Hollywood. Fr. of part Eng. Br. pop musician.” “pitiless. Bertall: Charles Albert d’Arnoux (1820–1893). Fr. children’s writer. Berrisford. The poet began his career as a miner in the Ukraine. producer. p.S. writing in French. François Béroalde de Verville: François Brouart (1556–c. T. writer. Eng.She seems to have chosen a name that contrasted geographically to that of her father. Jules Berry: Jules Paufichet (1883–1951). Fr. playwright.S. novelist. U. a law student. Eng. Newman used his pen name for some spy novels. where she adopted the name Maureen Melrose. parentage. working in France. whose name passed to the boy. composer. Besht see Baal Shem Tov Besiki: Besarion (Vissarion) Zakharievich Gabashvili (1750–1791). jazz drummer. Russ. Claude Berri: Claude Berel Langmann (1934– 2009). Don Betteridge: Bernard Newman (1897– 1968). Her Germanic-style surname was devised to reflect the names of both. Charles Bertram: James Bassett (1853–1907). poet. U.S. Bettina: Bettina Ehrlich.

-born U. Swift was thus the first to use the name. “disciple of Bharati. the founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness met his spiritual master. “devotion.” By the time he was in his early 30s. U. Iyer (1882–1921). the ancient holy books of the Hindus. Austr. The Blond Adonis. blues musician. The name adopted by the poet means literally “without responsibility. writer. movie actor. Indian ballet dancer. Bi-Bo-Bi: Émile Descheemaeker (?–1928). More recently the name became familiar as the nickname of the U. in 1922. Clem Bevans: Clement Blevins (1879–1963). writer. teacher. Bibbiena. for the same name had earlier been used as a pseudonym both by Sir Richard Steele and Dean Swift” [T. the Hindi name of India. origin. Argentinian stage actor. U.S. cuddlier “Big Daddy” [TV Times Magazine. black blues musician. In 1975 “The Battling Guardsman” thus became the softer. Master Bhagwan: Bhagwan Abhaji Palav (1913–). rock singer. movie actor. bibliographer. heavy- . Eng. music-hall musician. The wrestler began his career as “Shirley Crabtree. October 16–22.-born Br. Adoor Bhasi: K. A.” and Vedanta. Ali Bey see Ali Bey Turhan Bey: Turhan Gilbert Selahattin Sahultavy (1920–). Ind. Isla Bevan: Isla Buckley (1910–). Isaac Bickerstaffe. songwriter. and she suggested a new name to improve his “bad guy” image. Opera in Dublin 1705–1797. Bhaskar: Bhaskar Roy Chowdhury (1930–). Billy Bevan: William Bevan Harris (1887–1957). (1930– 1959).” the latter being the system of Hindu philosophy founded on the Veda. translator. as she knew he had a gentle side.S. black pop singer. Ind.S. cataloger.” from Hindi bhakti. Big Bad Smitty: John Henry Smith (1941– 2002).” Bigas Luna: José Juan Bigas Luna (1946–). Bharatidasan: Kanaka Subburathnam (1891– 1964). children’s book illustrator. Indian spiritual leader. dramatist. (3) Benjamin West (1730–1813). writer.Bevan • Big Daddy 1985). John Bickerdyke: Charles Henry Cook (1858– 1933). poet. Ind. Bharati: Subramania C. movie comedian. movie scenarist. But possibly he adopted it from them? “The libretto [of Thomas and Sally] is the earliest work by the well-known Irish dramatist. movie actor. he was wrestling as “The Battling Guardsman. U. mathematician.” John Beynon see John Wyndham Beyoncé: Beyoncé Giselle Knowles (1981–).C. essayist. (2) [Sir] Richard Steele (1672–1729). U.” He also wrote as Ratibor Suk. and in the 1950s was given the name Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami. writer on angling.. 1973]. There was an Irish playwright Isaac Bickerstaffe (1733–after 1808). heavyweight wrestler. translator. Belg. became his formal disciple in 1932. of Rom. 60 Le Bibliophile Jacob: Paul Lacroix (1806– 1884). writer.. Ernesto Bianco: Oscar Ernesto Pelicori (1923– 1977). Swift used the name for a pamphlet of 1708 attacking the almanac-maker John Partridge. Bhaktivedanta: Abhay Charan De (1896– 1977). Fr. After beginning his career as a chemist. U. Big Daddy: Shirley Crabtree (1930–1997). poet.-born Br. Austr. Eng. It.S.” in honor of his mentor. cardinal. Br. That his name — Isaac Bickerstaffe — was assumed cannot be entirely outruled. working in U. Sp. Steele used it for launching The Tatler the following year. Bharati. director. U. playwright.S. near Arezzo in central Italy.S. Austral. Subramania C.” as well as simply “Mr.S.” It was then that he met and married his wife Eunice. Biddeshagor: Ishshorchondro Shorma (1820– 1891). Ir. Jr. and he is said to have taken it from a smith’s sign. with a final “e.J.S. working in U. The writer changed his name in 1908 to Bharatidasan. Ind. Ir. Petr BezruV: Vladimír Vaš ek (1867–1958).S..Cz.-born U. Walsh. of Turk. Big Boy Henry: Richard Henry (1921–2004). writer. Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura. movie actor.S. Fr. The name itself was said to come from Big Daddy in Tennessee Williams’s play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955). West adopted it for a series of almanacs published in 1768 in Boston. novelist. Universe. movie actress. Bhaskaran Nair (1929–1990). The artist’s name represents the sound of the tuned bells he played. writer. Subramania C. The scholar’s honorary name translates as “ocean of knowledge. The musician so nicknamed himself for his ample size. cleric. satirist. Isaac Bickerstaff: (1) Jonathan Swift (1667– 1745). The ecclesiastic came to be known by the name of his birthplace. novelist. adding the common first name Isaac. The actor’s new name represents the Turkish word for “prince.” but he lived after both Steele and Swift so the name could hardly have derived from him. Ind. His name means “devotion to the Vedanta. Bibbiena: Bernardo Dovizi (1470–1520).S. movie director. “end of the Veda. The Tamil poet’s adopted surname derives from Bharat. parentage. Big Bopper: Jiles Perry Richardson. Cz. 1982]. Marthe-Lucile Bibesco: Lucile Decaux (1888– 1973).

and when Belotserkovsky was in the USA. the actor decided to be professionally known by his surname alone. As a teenager he was called “Kid” but was not known as “Billy the Kid” until the final months of his life. U. reputedly a hamburger junkie.S. a short form of Big Punishment. both amusing and acrobatic.S. Big Maceo: Major Meriweather (1905–1953). and he initially wrote for Poughkeepsian newspapers as Si Sledlength before settling on Josh Billings. Cantell A. black rapper. Bigly: George Washington Peck (1817–1859). humorist. Bilitis see Pierre Louÿs Acker Bilk: Bernard Stanley Bilk (1929–). writer. U.” Peter Billingsley: Peter Michaelson (1972–). and Bom always went with Bim. the second Bom presented a different image. Far into his career.1955–). Br. U. Bonney. or. black blues. Big Daddy Kane: Antonio M. in Napoleon. Big Joe: Joseph Spalding (c. Big Maybelle: Mabel Louise Smith (c. Adventures in the Gold Region (1849). U.S. juvenile movie actor Billy the Kid: Henry McCarty (1859–1881). Later.S. Hosea Biglow: James Russell Lowell (1819– 1891).S. satirist. teaming with Bom. black blues musician. The self-styled “black gentleman vampire” cliamed that his new name was an acronym for “King Asiatic Nobody’s Equal. then Prince. jazz singer. he adopted the name William H. lively and highly literate (they spoke “proper” Russian. (The name is meaningless. “First there was Madonna.S. dressing not . Big Youth: Manley Augustus Buchanan (1949–).S. of The Biglow Papers. English speakers have long had problems with Russian names. Peck adopted this name as author of Aurifodina.G. Jamaican reggae musician. jazz clarinetist. poet. Russ. The name is not as crackpot as most of Shaw’s writings. Big Joe Louis: Alasdair Blaazer (1961–). Vladimir Bill-Belotserkovsky: Vladimir Nau- Big Daddy Kane • Bim movich Belotserkovsky (1884–1970). black novelist.” Biggie Smalls see Notorious B. Motley adopted this name for an early column that he wrote for the Chicago Defender. a fellow Pole called Stanevsky. U. U. The blues and gospel artist presumably patterned himself on the boxer Joe Louis. editor. He wrote standard English as Uncle Esek. Now Christopher Biggins is joining the list of celebrities whose global fame requires them to be known by a single name” [The Times. black blues singer. Bud Billiken: Willard Francis Motley (1909– 1965). was a single interdependent entity: a pair of Russian clowns who first performed under the name in 1891.S. Jamaican blues musician. a fictional account of a journey to a land of gold.1920– 1972). U. Big Punisher: Christopher Carlos Rios (1971– 2000). He died young of a heart attack. Hardy (1969–). Josh Billings: Henry Wheeler Shaw (1818– 1885).” Shaw’s first comic lecture. circus clown.” a local friendly form of address that he adopted as his first name. but there were no less than four Boms: a russianized Italian named Cortesi. as “Bill. The musician was born in Somerset. a name that presumably implies “joke business. humorist. U. TV actor. There was always a single Bim in the person of Ivan Radunsky. for reasons that are obscure.61 weight boxer Riddick  Bowe (1967–). but suggests something like “bing-bang” or “boom-boom”). U. of Puerto Rican descent.I. two series of satirical verses in Yankee dialect published in the mid–1840s. a young New England farmer. Americans gave up on his surname and called him by its first syllable. Browne (see Artemus Ward). and finally a Russian named Kamsky. DJ. U. In 1873 McCarty’s mother married William Henry Antrim. Biggins: Christopher Biggins (1948–). blues singer. Bim was always accompanied by Bom. Russ. whereupon he became Henry Antrim. Bim: Ivan Semyonovich Radunsky (1872– 1955).S.S. U. rapper. Jamaican pop singer. publication of which was arranged in 1865 by C. working in U.S. Lowell used the name for the purported author. 2009]. dramatist. The musician was originally known as Big Moon Dog before adopting the stage name Big Pun. U. Eng. Big Time Sarah: Sarah Streeter (1953–).” The writer liked this. “Esek” being a form of “Isaac. which incorporate a fine display of absurd spellings. U. thus unwittingly exaggerating the problem.K. and added it to his existing name. western outlaw. grotesque grammar. After the tragic death by drowning of Cortesi in 1897. and surrealistic statements. Shaw used the name for his first book. Josh Billings. in fact.F. Indiana. was delivered under the name Mordecai David. where he was nicknamed “Acker.S. The duo began as an eccentric but versatile couple. Big L: Lamont Coleman (1974–1999). black rapper. Big Twist: Larry Nolan (1937–1990). The team of Bim-Bom. Hiz Sayings. July 28. itself referring to his weight problems. as distinct from the broken Russian affected by a number of clowns). and his “Uncle Esek’s Wisdom” column ran in Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine from 1884 to 1888.S. a Pole by origin. a Czech (or another Pole) by the name of Wilczak.

an American businessman. Ger. Sidelnikov and M.1956–). One of his specialties was playing two concertinas simultaneously. satirical magazine editor. or Billy.-born Br. Eng. The writer’s adopted name is of the same origin as that of David Ben-Gurion.S. of Central European Jewish parentage.A. and the writer does not seem to have been seeking any special ambiguity in choosing it. Tala Birell: Natalie Bierle (1908–1959). Stacey can be either a man’s or a woman’s name. Satané Binet: Francisque Sarcey (1828–1899). translates as “grove. playwright. U. Sc. Richard Bird: William Barradell-Smith (1885–?). 62 George A. The writer was born in Dumyat (Damietta). Bingi Bunny: Eric Lamont (c. Glenn Bishop. movie cameraman. Bernice Pauahi Bishop: Pauahi (1831–1884). and later adopted a new first name that matched the other’s. and his birth year 1881. He returned in 1925. Br. (The third Bom was an accomplished if unorthodox musician. U. Arthur Bitter: Samuel Haberstich (1821–1872). then signed for Warner Bros. Stacey Bishop: George Antheil (1900–1957). U.) Bim finally teamed up with Kamsky in World War II. and Bim followed suit. pop musician. The actress began her career in 1923 as a child star under her original name of Jacqueline Brown. Birmingham: [Rev.S. writer.A. author of light novels. The name was presumably meant to evoke “dicky bird. Jamaican reggae musician. where he was rector in the town of Westport. Rashkovsky and I. Rim-Rom. his first name as Walter. In the early 20th century the two toured Europe. opera composer.W.” William Birchley: John Austin (1613–1669). U. who renamed her Julie Bishop.Austr. painter. recorded on his birth record as John William. The name itself was perhaps suggested by the author’s original surname. the latter as a pet form of William. philanthropist.” working with Bongo Herman. James Hannay chose the pen name “Birmingham” not because he had some connection with that city. who had been badly burned by a gunpowder explosion as a child. movie actress.” Bishi: Bishnupriya Bhattacharya (1983–). The native Hawaiian high chiefess was originally known by the single name Pauahi. illustrator. George Bizet: George Tulloch Bisset-Smith (1863–1922). writer. She changed this to Jacqueline Wells in 1931. Pol.S. (Some sources give this as Barradale-Smith. but simply because it was (and still is) a fairly common name in Co. The writer’s adopted name means “pure in heart. however. Latvian writer. After the Revolution. and in partnering Wilczak now concentrated on the musical aspect of his turns.) W. to George William. but also Viys-Vays (V. writer.S. Egyptian writer. Ir. Fr. movie actress. The writer’s new name. Bitzer changed his two German baptismal names. Russ. Julie Bishop: Jacqueline Wells Brown (1914–). Cleo Birdwell: Don DeLillo (1936–). Joey Bishop: Joseph Abraham Gottlieb (1918– 2007).” wearing evening dress.67]. The name . Billie Bird: Bird Bernice Sellen (1908–2002).] James Owen Hannay (1865–1950). Fis-Dis and the like [Shneyer. For the 1932 serial Heroes of the West she was billed as Diane Duval. of Yugoslav descent. novelist. although he was always known professionally as G. Din-Don. Mayo. Billy Bitzer: Johann Gottlieb Bitzer (1872– 1944).Binet • Bizet as a conventional clown but as a chic “man about town.B. in 1941. The actor adopted the name of his roadie. Stephen Bishop-Kovacevich: Stephen Bishop (1940–). U. of Bengali parentage. poems. A more common spelling of the Irish surname is Bermingham. U. The pair now played down the acrobatics in favor of verbal satire.S.S.S. The younger brother of the poet W. working in U. an old port at the mouth of the Nile. novelist. Jewish writer. The early 1920s produced a number of Bim-Bom imitators. sociologist.S. Bing Xin: Hsieh Wan-Ying (1900–1999). The musician added his Yugoslav name in 1975 and subsequently came to be known by it alone. dramatic critic. Zoubida Bittari: Louise Ali-Rachedi (1937–).” as a teller of tales (“A dicky bird told me”). Ir.L. Solomenko). while suggesting his original name. Algerian novelist. She was then named Bernice by the American missionary couple with whom she stayed as a teenager. in 1850.I. novelist. vaudeville entertainer. She finally received her surname on marrying Charles Reed Bishop. U. Stanevsky emigrated to his native Poland. writer of stories for boys. Sc. p. religious writer. Lamont began his career as “Bunny. Miervaldis Birze: Miervaldis Berzins (1921– 2000).” Bint ash-Shatt: Aisha Abd ar-Rahman (1916–). Micah Joseph Bin Gorion: Micah Joseph Berdichevsky (1865–1921). U. Arabic for “daughter of the beach. Yeats used this name for his cartoons published in Punch from 1910 to 1941. pianist. academic. TV.” given to honor her maternal aunt. Bird: Jack Butler Yeats (1871–1957). Hence her pen name. Chin. movie comedian. The writer used this name for his 1980 novel Amazons. DJ. Vorontsov). (female) writer of sentimental stories. working in France. complete with top hat and buttonhole chrysanthemum. meaning “the fire is out. notably Bib-Bob (G.S.

Dinna Bjørn: Dinna Bjørn Larsen (1947–). Anglo ex Albiis East-Saxonum” (“by the author T. Gavin Black: Oswald Morris Wynd (1913– 1998). Black Bart: Charles E. Benjamin Black: John Banville (1945–). novelist. Cilla Black: Priscilla Maria Veronica White (1943–). Mary Plowden. February 17. Something with a little more oomph” [The Times. Br. The author also wrote as Abel Funnefello. architect.S. composer. The illusionist altered his original surname to Bouton in 1910 when performing a double comedy act with his brother. Dan. was stated to be “authore T. journalist. novelist. Thompson first called himself Black Francis on founding the Pixies in Boston.S. movie actress. Denise Black: Denise Nixon (1958–). U. is remembered for his repeated satirical one-liner on the band’s 1968 album We’re Bizet • Blackstone Only in it for the Money: “Hi boys and girls. rock musician. I lived in a very tough area [in Liverpool] and to have a posh name like that was very embarrassing. Charity Blackstock see Paula Allardyce Lee Blackstock see Paula Allardyce Harry Blackstone: Harry Boughton (1885– 1965).S. TV actress. while “-low” may come from the maiden name of his mother. Don Black: Donald Blackstone (1938–). and put it into my contract. Norw.S.S. Trinidad calypso singer. One such work. The highwayman took the name “Black Bart” from a character in a story he had read. “Black” from “Blanche” (a name that properly means “white”). Anglus of the Whites of the [kingdom of the] East Saxons”). The writer adopted his pen name for a series of detective novels. Frank Black: Charles Michael Kitteridge Thompson IV (1965–). Boles (fl. U. in 1986. Ir. beginning with Christine Falls (2006). Br. nonfiction writer. novelist. My dad went spare [was furious] because he didn’t think any of his mates down at the docks would believe I was his daughter” [Sachs and Morgan II. Laura Black see Rosalind Erskine Lionel Black: Dudley Barker (1910–1980).63 presumably puns on that of the composer Georges Bizet Georges Bizet: Alexandre-César-Léopold Bizet (1838–1875). Jimmy Carl Black: James Carl Inkanish (1938– 2008). magician. Eng. U. industrial designer.26]. Eng. Black Francis: Charles Michael Kitteridge Thompson IV (1965–). rock musician. 2001]. The drummer with the Mothers of Invention. The architect’s father translated his Russian name to Black when the boy was barely a year old. lyricist. The controversial writer was ordained a Roman Catholic priest under this name in 1617. Francisco. . “Black-” clearly opposes his original name. journalist. corresponding to his English surname. published in 1660. of Russ. Quick. rock singer. He adopted the present form of the name for his first solo album (1993): “I wanted something a bit more basic. E. Br. stagecoach robber. had a misprint. Thomas Blacklow: Thomas White (1593– 1676). Black Ace: Babe Karo Lemon Turner (1905– 1972). Mansell Black see Elleston Trevor [Sir] Misha Black: Moisey Cherny (1910–1977).S. Fredrik the Great. Sc. choreographer. U. Biz Markie: Marcel Hall (1964–). U. Sonny Black: Bob Boazman (1946–). U.S. Luckily the kids called me Cilla at school. called The Mersey Beat. Ibsen used this name early in his career. whose skin color came from his Cheyenne mother. Harry Careejo.1875–1888). Ivory Black: Thomas Allibone Janvier (1849– 1913). parentage. though. Eng. They knew my surname was a colour and guessed wrong. U. Bernard Blackmantle: Charles Molloy Westmacott (1787–1868). LeRoy Boughton. The Black bit came when a local paper. U. Porter Newton. philosopher. and the latter’s first name was subsequently altered from Jewish Moisey (Moses) to Russian Misha (Michael). Mr. Brynjolf Bjarme: Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906). rock musician. poet.S. A little more straight ahead. blues musician. Fr. Owens Blackburne: Elizabeth Owens Blackburne Casey (1848–1894). The singer explains how she came by her name: “My mum’s name is Priscilla as well and she was always known as Big Priscilla whereas I was Little Priscilla. Ir. novelist. U. I’m Jimmy Carl Black and I’m the Indian of the group!” Karen Black: Karen Blanche Ziegler (1942–). thriller writer. The Great Stanley. Massachusetts. songwriter. Pete Bouton (1888–1968). dramatist. black blues musician. black hip-hop musician. Black: Colin Vearncombe (1951–). this last being the Latin name of his native county of Essex. movie actress. Eng.S. Beaumont the Great. writer. C. Icelandic pop singer. Eng. Br. He then appeared under a succession of names: Martin. while for others he was Anglus. p. Black Stalin: Leroy Calliste (1941–). ballet dancer. Some of his Latin works were published under the name Albius. My manager Brian Epstein quite liked it. Björk: Björk Guð mundsdóttir (1965–). popular singer. TV presenter.

jazz musician. burlesque performer. drummer. Blackstone’s first wife.S. He was succeeded by his son. Scrapper Blackwell: Frankie Black (1903–1962). Whitney Blake: Nancy Baxter (1925–2002). Russ. U. Joyce Blair: Joyce Sheridan Taylor. U. taking it from his son. and told me I looked like the cartoon character Modesty Blaise. of Pol. with her adventures published in a series of novels written by her creator. or it came from the Blackstone Hotel.) parentage. movie actor. fashion designer. Cherie Blair retained her maiden name. singer. 2005]. prime minister Tony Blair. The character in question was created for the London Evening Standard in 1963 as a sort of female James Bond.) The first novel written under the name was A Question of Proof (1935). U. 64 Rev. traitor. means “blue. U. . Bobby Blake: Michael James Vijencio Gubitosi (1933–). U. Peter O’Donnell. U. Ir. Isla Blair: Isla Jean Baxter (1944–).S.S. Matty Blag: Matthew Roberts (1964–2000). sister of Lionel Blair. The Black Tarantula: Kathy Acker (1944– 1997). and on one occasion was invited to Thailand by an official who mistook her for Cherie Blair.S. by the Black Tarantula (1975). Du. TV actress. stage.S. Blake adopted his new name in World War II when he escaped to England as a member of the Dutch resistance and volunteered for the Royal Navy. Captain Wilton Blake see Morton Pike George Blake: Georgy Ivanovich Behar (1922–). Mr. writer. née Ogus (1932–2006). Marie Blake: Blossom MacDonald (1896– 1978). U. Anna Blaman: Johanna Petronella Vrugt (1905– 1960). Br. black jazz guitarist. movie actress. Ohio [Fisher 1987].” contrasting symbolically with the “red” socialist stance taken by many of his contemporaries at the time of the Russian Revolution (1917). U. wife of former U. U. The actress was born in Altoona. the billboard in question being in Wapakoneta. March 22. writer on nature subjects. U. movie actress.S. TV actress. ballet dancer. Pierre Blanchar: Pierre Blanchard (1892–1963).-born Br. She became active in politics.Black Tarantula • Blancher and finally Harry Blackstone in 1918. (“Fredrik” had to be abandoned because of anti–German sentiment. Blair County. (As a lawyer. The Childlike Life of the Black Tarantula. voice artist. politician. Blakitny-Ellan: Vasily Mikhaylovich Yelannsky (1894–1925). She dropped the “Hill” when she left the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA).S. novelist. prefixed to a form of his original surname. (1934–1997). Mel Blanc: Melvin Jerome Blank (1908–1989). Acker used this pseudonym for her first novel. The first part of the writer’s name. since “Blair Hill seemed a mouthful” [personal fax from Isla Blair. “‘He appeared at my door to fix the boiler. Jr.K. Pennsylvania. child movie actor. Ukr.S.) The magician explained the source of his final name variously: either it was his grandmother’s maiden name. Blair adopted this female name at the suggestion of his publishers for his romantic novels. Jan Blaine see Jane Langford Vivian Blaine: Vivienne Stapleton (1921–1995). movie. Hal Blaine: Harold Simon Belsky (1929–).Egyptian Jewish (naturalized Br. brother of Joyce Blair. Fr. Nicholas Blake: Cecil Day-Lewis (1904–1972). “Hill” having been added to the Scottish family name of Blair in about 1880. 1996]. Nicholas. of Du. movie actress. David Blair see Abbé Bossut Anne Blaisdell see Dell Shannon Immodesty Blaize: Kelly Fletcher (1977–). U. Cherie Booth. née de Graff (1865–1918). The erotic dancer and comedian acquired her stage name from a gas fitter. Blackwell: Richard Sylvan Selzer (1922– 2008). Du. Blam: Edmund Blampied (1886–1966).S. Can. double agent. Betsy Blair: Elizabeth Winifred Boger (1923– 2009). Lionel Blair: Henry Lionel Ogus (c.S. U. novelist. short-story writer. April 17. more like!”’” [Sunday Times Magazine. Immodesty Blaize. and took her stage name from her home county. and one of his mother’s family names. Jewish descent. U. claimed the third of these was correct. The actress’s original surname was Blair Hill. poet. entertainer. cartoonist. Day-Lewis used this name for his detective fiction.-born Br. Janet Blair: Martha Janet Lafferty (1921–2007). writer. U.S. or he took it from a billboard advertising Blackstone cigars. New Jersey. The actress is said to have adopted the name of a boy she fancied at Blair Academy. punk rock musician. Neltje Blanchan: Nellie Blanchan Doubleday.S. sure. I was like: “Yeah. Chicago.1961). Inez Nourse.S. Sc. Jerry Blake: Jacinto Chabania (1908–c.-Russ.S. Emma Blair: Iain Blair (1942–).S. movie actress. Eng. Br. Br. stage actress. U. The member of the “Our Gang” series performed as Mickey Gubitosi until 1942. Harry Blackstone. movie actress.-born Br.1931–). Br. stage.) David Blair: David Butterfield (1932–1976). stage. dancer. (She was born Kathleen Blake Squires. illustrator. Amanda Blake: Beverly Louise Neill (1929– 1989).

S. Coke (1879– 1931). writer + E. a thorn in the side of the British. Br. Grimes was blind from birth. The joint pseudonym was used for the novel The Prophet’s Mantle (1889). Thomas (1926–1995). He also wrote as Charbon (French for “coal. The name is that of a celebrated racehorse. It. née Lloyd (1908–). black pianist. translator. Blitz: David Batents (?–1889). magician. The writer adopted the name of her stepfather.born Br. schoolmaster. if you jumble up the letters of the word ‘rat’ you get ‘art. U. Emile Blémont: Léon-Emile Petitdidier (1839– 1927). The musician’s performing name is that of her first husband. June 8. lyricist. Austral. His son. of which Bland was a prominent member. Ger. writer of fantasy fiction. author. a Chinese pseudonym that can mean either “anonymous” or “five names.65 Robert Blanchard see McDonald Hobley Alexander Bland: Nigel Gosling (1909–1982).S. religious writer. Ralph Blane: Ralph Uriah Hunsecker (1914– 1995). As a kid. sister of Loretta Young. . who came to England as a political refugee in 1852. The writer used this name for various novels about hunting and horses. Fr. poet. U.. In 2000 they were joined by a fifth writer. critic. jazz. author + Giovanni Cattabriga. Paul Bley. who died in 1915. English sporting writer. ballet critic + Maude Gosling. his wife.-born U. magician. the standard children’s book of its day. journalist. his wife. LL. mystery writer.T. Cuban Communist official.S. Like all graffiti artists working in the streets at night. stage actress. for which they adopted the name of Jamaican-born British footballer Luther Blissett (1958–). George Boon.–born Br. Fr. U. see Alfred Allendale Helen Bliss: Helena Louise Lipp (1917–). author + Federico Guglielmi. Vicesimus Blinkingsop. Fr. Caroline Blangy: Marie Félicie Clémence de Reiset. Many other magicians tried to capitalize on Signor Blitz’s popularity by adopting his name. U. he needed to find another name. reviewer. “His splendid nom de guerre was carefully chosen. Blek le Rat: Xavier Prou (1952–). Riccardo Pedrini. Carla Bley: Carla Borg (1938–). Rose Blight: Germaine Greer (1939–). author. Harry Blitz. although she used her maiden name initially. Luther Blissett: Roberto Bui. dramatist. Eng. Karl Blind (1826–1907). Wells used the name for his novel Boon (1915). novelist.” depending on how it is pronounced.S. literary critic. 2008]. He settled on Blek le Rat for a couple of reasons. Docteur Blasius: Paschal Grousset (1845–1919). of uncertain birthdates. and Ascot Gold Vase. Reginald Bliss: Herbert George Wells (1866– 1946). Henri Blaze: Ange Henri Blaze de Bury (1813– 1888). writer. U.S. author + Luca Di Meo.” punning on his surname) for articles in Hearth and Home magazine. Oliver Bleeck: Ross E. Instead. S. The writer used this punning name for The Revolting Garden (1979). in which Reginald Bliss is the friend and literary executor of the main character. Also. vicomtesse de Grandval (1830–1907).. composer. Queen Alexandra Stakes.A. It. Fr. novelist. Nesbit. became famous for their novel Q (1999).. The Communist journalist used this name for articles in the newspaper Figaro. foaled in 1864 and winner of the Gimcrack Stakes.S. Blind Tom: Thomas Grimes (1849–1908). a parody of Thomas Day’s instructional storybook The History of Sandford and Merton (1783–9). Blanchard • Blodgett Mathilde Blind: Mathilde Cohen (1841–1896). Br. Signor Blitz: Antoni van Zandt (1810–1877).’ Voilà” [Sunday Times Magazine. he’d been a fan of some comic books set in the war of American independence featuring the antics of a character called Blek le Roc.S. Jennifer Bland see Avon Curry Ana Blandiana: Otilia Valeria Coman Rusan (1942–). Fabian Bland: Hubert Bland (1856–1914).. Fr. Luca Di Meo left the group in 2008. Christopher Blayre: Edward Heron-Allen (1861–1943). Levi Blodgett: Theodore Parker (1810–1860). U. Rom. writer. movie actress. U. wherupon they changed their collective name to Wu Ming.. Eng.D. U. writer. you come up with something else that’s catchy and punchy and cool. Br. a popular playwright and novelist. Eng. singer. Sally Blane: Elizabeth Jane Young (1910–1997). It. Blas Roca: Francisco Vilfredo Calderio (1908– 1987). sociological writer.-born Br. as for one did Blitz. It. graffiti artist. composer. lyric poet. movie music composer. The authorial quartet.S. Blind Boy Fuller see Blind Boy Fuller Belinda Blinders: Desmond F.” a name on the lines of that of Aba-Daba.. with “Fabian” a reference to the Fabian Society. army officer. ballet dancer.S. because you don’t leave your real name at the bottom of your illegal pictures for the police to trace. while for his adventure novels he wrote as André Laurie. Eng. She used the name Claude Lake for Poems (1867). performed as “HabaHaba. Coke used this name for Sandford of Merton (1903). The entertainer adopted the name of Signor Blitz. rock composer. Blinkhoolie: William Allison (1851–1925). critic.

“Ashurst.S. U. H. Cheese Blotto: Keith A. Austr. S. James Blunt: James Hillier Blount (1979–). black rock singer. Can. like a hill. Fannie Bloomfield: Fannie Zeisler. whose sister married Francis Blomefield. and he adopted the name of Blomefield” [Dictionary of National Biography].” Reading from right to left. rock singer. through his connection with the Chappelow family. vaudeville comedian. they knew they would have to use assumed names. she was taken by her adoptive mother to a doctor. McNally and his friend Ralph Hanson decided to set up a semipro football team. The name suggests that of Jan Bloem. When at college. The West African musician interpreted his recording name as “First Bandit. Austr. Matthew Blood see Brett Halliday Buster Bloodvessel: Douglas Trendle (1958–). Kelly. Charles Blondin: Jean-François-Emile Gravelet (1824–1897).” Kurtis Blow: Kurt Walker (1959–). “A sickly toddler.” said McNally. originally Kelly (1910–2004). (2) S. Hyman Bloom: Hyman Melamed (1913–2009). stage. folk singer.” It is not known what became of Sand.1894–1967). Melamed emigrated to the U. teacher.-born U. Mrs. revolutionary. dancer. American football player. blond as meaning “fair. yet protect their eligibility for collegiate teams. “Cheese” from “Keith. “I’ll be Blood and you be Sand. after which she appeared under her married name. Ir.S.S. rapper.S. Jan Blom: Breyten Breytenbach (1939–). In order to play for the semipros.” “beautiful. musician. Jake Blues: John Belushi (1949–1982). The founder in 1932 of the Bluebell Girls dance troupe. her mother gave away her baby to a spinster. together with his parents and brother Bernard. She used this name as librettist of his comic opera Von Heute auf Morgen. brother of Run DMC rapper Joe Simmons. The story goes that on their way to the tryouts they passed a movie theater showing Blood and Sand. 66 Luka Bloom: Barry Moore (1955–). Peter Blume: Piotr Sorek-Sabel (1906–1992). The musician adopted his new name to be distinguished from his elder brother. composer Arnold Schoenberg. Ben Blue: (1) Benjamin Bernstein (1901–1975). who was struck by the child’s piercing blue eyes. composed in 1928–29. a considerable property devolved upon him. née Murphy. Russ. Eng. The musician first made his name as a DJ. naturalist. songwriter. writer. Margaret Murphy adopted the name for herself and passed it on to her dancers. Cohen was renamed by his friend Bob Dylan. Blue Boy: Austin Lyons (1955–). of Pol. The tightrope walker took his name from his tutor in the art. writer. “Little” Joe Blue: Joseph Valery (1934–1990). dancer.” won the $100 gold prize. rock bassist. ‘If I was her mother.S. “In 1871. the historian of Norfolk. of East-European Jewish descent. soul singer. who would raise the child. 2004]. Fr.S. Ir. movie actress. Latvian-born U. taking Luka from Suzanne Vega’s 1987 hit so titled and Bloom from Leopold Bloom. The name itself appears to pun vaguely on that of her husband. Br. performing in nightclubs and cabarets. née Blumenfeld (1863–1927). The pianist performed under this name until her marriage (1885). Max Blonda: Gertrud Schoenberg. Russ. said by some to have given the name of the South African city of Bloemfontein. In 1920. Her entry. U. Leonard Blomefield: Leonard Jenyns (1800– 1893).’ he said. bandleader. Ravenel adopted this name in 1879 on entering the Charleston News and Courier contest for the best fiction story.S. Eng. . David Cohen (1941–1982). née Kolisch (c. ‘I’d call her Bluebell. folk-rock musician.Blokhin • Blunt Pyotr Grigoryevich Blokhin: Grigory Iosifovich Sverdlin (1887–1942). the final -a can be seen as representing his first name. Eng. David Blue: Stuart David Cohen (1941–1982). where he adopted the same surname as that already taken by his two eldest brothers who had preceded him. calling himself Kool DJ Kurt. Mary Murphy. the central character of James Joyce’s novel Ulysses (1922).S. black blues musician Miss Bluebell: Margaret Leibovici. working in U.-Latvian descent.S. pop singer. however. Claire Bloom: Patricia Claire Blume (1931–).A. U.’ The nickname stuck” [The Times. “There are our names. Only a fortnight after the birth.” Johnny Blood: John Victor McNally (1904– 1985). with Schoenberg literally meaning “beautiful hill. U. U. Irish folk singer Christy Moore (1945–). painter. the descendants of Edward Chappelow of Diss. Stevenson (1956– 1999). to change his name to Kurtis Blow. He was then convinced by Russel Simmons. The musician was the second wife of the Austrian-born U.S. painter. was born in Dublin to a Mrs. Ivorian reggae singer. Hilton Bloom: Harriott Horry Rutledge Ravenel (1832–1912).S.” and max as denoting something high or lofty.S.-born U.S. U. pop-music writer. Jean Ravel Blondin. Trinidadian calypso singer. U. Alpha Blondy: Seydou Kone (1953–).S. funambulist. September 14. concert pianist. whom she married in 1924. U.

reporter. He acquired the name while competing in boxing competitions. Bogan of Bogan: Carolina Oliphant. 2008]. Nellie Bly: Elizabeth Jane Seaman. writer. there’s a name to build a myth upon” [Russell and Smith. Fr. working in Sri Lanka. Donnelly used this name for his social novel Caesar’s Column (1890). However. Ray Bol see Don Juan Cardoza Marc Bolan: Mark Feld (1947–1977). stage. The writer also used the name B. At age 15.54]. black blues musician. stage actor. of Du. “[it] derived from the Southern putdown ‘you ain’t bo diddley. Bhikkhu. Br. Gussie McDaniel. U.1840). northwest Wales.S. a name said to have been given him by his recording company. Bojangles: Bill (originally Luther) Robinson (1878–1949). and shortened his name. U. Fr. he took his new name from the first and last syllables of the name of Bob Dylan.” “noddle. Mrs.” is the term for a fully ordained Buddhist monk. Br. novelist.. actor. astrologer. adding an “e” to her surname. rejected his Jewish heritage. Bodhi is the Sanskrit word for “perfect knowledge” (related to the name of the Buddha). Jimmy Blythe: Sammy Price (1901–1931). V.67 Eduard Blutig: Edward St. descent. Neil Bogart: Neil Bogatz (1941–1982). Ogdred Weary.S. The singer launched his career in 1961 as Neil Scott.S.” referring to his home near Bala. illustrator. Hannes Bok: Wayne Woodard (1914–1964). literally “beggar. of Puerto Rican parentage. Eng. Regera Dowdy. Sc. Aedwyrd Gore.” so can be understood as something like “nut. née Cochran (1864–1922). Decca. later McDaniel (1928–2008). of Jewish parentage. and according to another theory. U. Proletkult leader..– born Buddhist. Elizabeth Jane went to Indiana (Pennsylvania) Normal School. U. after Riggs O’Hara. Bob Tai’r Felin: Robert Roberts (1870–1951). p. Dreary Wodge. an actor friend. That same year he made this more distinctive as Marc Bolan. U. songwriter. critic. U. The musician’s mother was too poor to raise him and he was adopted by her cousin.’ implying someone it would be foolish to cross” [The Times.-Russ. The writer used this name as a drama critic. née Nairne (Baroness Nairne) (1766–1845). Capel Boake: Doris Boake Kerr (1895–1944). In 1909 Bodenheimer joined the army. The dancer came to be so called because he was a “jangler” or contentious person. Some take it from “bo diddley. Aleksandr Bogdanov : Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Malinovsky (1873–1928). rock singer. French bobèche is a slang word for “head. writer. descent. Dogear Wryde. movie actor. black tap dancer.” the name of a one-stringed African guitar. Bazilevsky. U. as German blutig means “bloody.’ but also carrying the sense of ‘bad bo diddley. Fr. U. comic actor. U. Blutig • Bolan Bo Diddley: Otha Elias Bates. according to another account. At age 18 she joined the staff of the Pittsburgh Dispatch.S. U. of Pol. U. the first being The Blackbird (1740). The musician was nicknamed “Bobo” by jazz pianist Mary Lou Williams during a recording session in 1951. politician. caricaturist. Bocage: Pierre-Martinien (or François) Touzé (1797–1863). He had earlier called himself Mark Riggs. U. Maxwell Bodenheim: Maxwell Bodenheimer (1893–1954). Bhikkhu Bodhi: Jeffrey Block (1944–). . Tim Bobbin: John Collier (1708–1786). Maurice Boissard: Paul Léautaud (1872–1956). revolutionary historian. [Sir] Dirk Bogarde: Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde (1921–1999). Raddowy Gewe. jazz musician. Feld cut his first disk in 1965 as Mark Bowland. Russ. Russ. then acted for a time as Wayne Roberts before returning to music. Bobèche: Jean-Antoine-Aimé Mardelard (or Mandelard) (1791–c. Welsh folksinger. Bogucharsky: Vasily Yakovlevich Yakovlev (1861–1915). Oliver Blyth see Brinsley MacNamara Betty Blythe: Elizabeth Blythe Slaughter (1893– 1972). The name is a sort of Germanic form of the original. “Otha Ellas [sic] Bates was never going to make it on a theatre hoarding but Bo Diddley . Redway Grode. June 3. whose name he subsequently adopted.S.S.” “gory. songwriter.S.” Willie Bobo: William Correa (1934–1983). essayist.S. Madame Groeda Weyrd. Wardore Edgy. writer. black jazz pianist. The singer’s name means “Bob of the millhouse. director. Larry Blyden: Ivan Lawrence Blieden (1925– 1975). Austral. pop musician. record executive. a Sunday school teacher in Chicago. writer. teaming with Galimafré. The origin of his performing name is disputed. movie actress.S. The writer used this name for satirical poems in the Lancashire dialect. novelist.” Gorey was famous for his anagrammatic pseudonyms based on his first and last names: Mrs. artist. John Gorey (1925– 2000).’ meaning ‘you’re nothing. when editor George Madden named her “Nellie Bly” from the character (properly “Nelly Bly”) in the popular Stephen Foster song (1850). socialist writer.S. novelist.S. U. poet. Edmund Boisgilbert: Ignatius Loyola Donnelly (1831–1901). Garrod Weedy.S.S.

It.S. (3) Nikolay Iosifovich Wilczak (1880–1960). Stratemeyer used this name for his “Flag of Freedom” (1899–1902). It originated with Rabelais. U.) parentage. rock balladist. L. The matador’s name means “bulb” (as in “light bulb”). romantic novelist. 1653]. meaning “good fortune.-born U.-born Austral. The musician’s new name originated with his first manager. Russ.” Richard Valentinovich Boleslavsky: Boleslaw Ryszart Srzednicki (1889–1937).S. Florinda Bolkan: Florinda Suarez Bulcão (1941–). Ali Bongo see Ali Bongo Omar Bongo: Albert-Bernard Bongo (1935– 2009).-A. pope. Rolf Boldrewood: Thomas Alexander Browne. It.A.A. The Young Pretender adopted this name on visiting England from France incognito in 1753. mystic. martyr. Bonds. U.1235– 1303). however. stage director. poet. Russ. originally Brown (1826–1915). The saint is said to have been given his new name. Eng. of Brazilian-Ind. Fr. (4) N.–born Br. poet. Cz. U. The musician and teacher adopted her mother’s maiden name in her professional life. Isabel Bolton: Mary Britton Miller (1883– 1975). poet + [Sir] Theodore Martin (1814– 1909).] Boniface: Wynfrith (or Winfrid) (c. Jamaican reggae singer.S. novelist. Boniface VIII: Benedetto Caetani (c. U. Jacques Bonhomme: Guillaume Cale (or Caillet) (?–1358).” by St. of Pol. Kamsky (1894–1966). Gaultier itself is the French equivalent of English Walter. poet. teaming with Bim. The generic name (something like “Jack Goodfellow”) was one given to the peasantry in the 14th century.675– 754). novelist. Eng. short-story writer. after the young waif who is the central character in James Otis’s 1881 novel for boys so titled. prince (“Bonnie Prince Charlie”). U.1217–1274).S.S. Yammie Bolo: Rolando Ephraim McClean (1970–). novelist. peasant leader. Bon Gaultier: William Edmonstone Aytoun (1813–1865). journalist.S. movie actress. Egon Bondy: Zbynek Fiser (1930–2007). Pol.” Bom: (1) F. Beulah Bondi: Beulah Bondy (1892–1981). Ind. Richard Bonelli: Richard Bunn (1887–1980). scholar. U.S. Bogdan Boleslawita: Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (1812–1887). singer. circus clown. Sc. S. black composer. journalist. who sent copies of his first single “New Orleans” to radio stations in sleeves marked “Buy U. It. Bombardinio: William Maginn (1793–1842). Captain Ralph Bonehill: Edward L. Gabonese head of state. movie actress. pianist. clown. Sc.-C. (or Pol. teaming with Bim. Frank Guida. The tenor adopted an Italian name similar to the American original. missionary. of Cz. in which the poets parodied the verse of the day. Its sense was derogatory. [St. writer. Father Bonaventura: Charles Edward Stuart (1720–1788). Stratemeyer (1863–1930). teaming with Bim. Bon Gaultier Ballads (1845). Bonds: Gary Anderson (1939–). It. U. Margaret Bonds: Margaret Jeannette Allison Majors (1913–1972). Gary U. Fortunio Bonanova: Luis Moll (1895–1969).-born Russ. This pope’s original name was . opera singer. The writer took his pseudonym from a placename mentioned in the Introduction to Canto I in Sir Walter Scott’s poem Marmion (1808): “Through Boldrewood the chase he led. writer. and it implied serfdom.S. clown.] Bonaventure (or Bonaventura): Giovanni di Fidanza (c.S. U. clown. Sp. Bombet see Stendhal Bombita: Ricardo Torres (1879–1936). The musician slightly adjusted his name because his original surname “sounded too Russian. 68 Steve Bond: Shlomo Goldberg (1953–). whose order he joined around 1243. movie actor. parentage. The name was first used for the joint work. Sc.” hoping DJs would take this to be a public service announcement. Pol. theologian. Possibly the writer’s middle name suggested her adopted surname. Cortesi (?–1897). writer. The president of Gabon changed his French Christian name to Omar on converting to Islam in 1973.Boldrewood • Boniface while as a teenage model he took the name Toby Tyler.S. Sp. appropriately for his traje de luces or bullfighter’s costume (literally “suit of lights”).S. and “Frontier” (1903–07) series of stories for boys. parentage. author. Ir. bullfighter. translated by Thomas Urquhart and Peter Motteux. Francis of Assisi. who uses it in a favorable sense: “I truly hold it for an honour and praise to be called and reputed a frolic Gaulter [sic] and a Robin Goodfellow” [Author’s Prologue to Gargantua. juvenile movie actor. Boleslavsky adopted his stage name in 1908 on being accepted as a student at the Moscow Art Theatre and retained it on immigrating to the United States in 1922. “Mexican War” (1900–02). teaming with Bim. The “Apostle of Germany” was renamed by pope Gregory II in 719 for the 3d-century saint Boniface who had been martyred at Tarsus. rock composer. Russ. [St. not approbatory. Manik Bondopadhai: Probodhkumar (1908– 1956). Michael Bolton: Michael Bolotin (1953–). William Bolitho: William Bolitho Ryall (1831– 1930). (2) Mechislav Antonovich Stanevsky (1879–1927).

Jr. musichall artist. Br. Edwina Booth: Josephine Constance Woodruff (1909–1991). then Bon Murray. but then saw it could be taken as Latin for “good voice. writer. Wee Bea Booze: Muriel Nicholls (1920–1975). who was popular on radio in the 1930s. The U2 lead singer originally used the name Bono Vox. She was then billed as Lorna Gray from 1930 through 1946. U. Eng. Giovanni Andrea Bontempi: Giovanni Andrea Angelini (1624–1705). U. Ir. Jewish novelist. I battled on for nine years.S. Karin Booth: Katharine Hoffman (1919–1992). Richard Bonneville. skiffle singer. Chaz Bono: Chastity Bono (1969–). (1962–). movie actor. U. Jon Bon Jovi: John Francis Bongiovi. The musician adopted the name of his patron. stage actress.1885–?). The singer took his new name from the title of a traditional American folk song. Br. The actress took her stage name from the tragedian and theatrical manager Edwin Booth (1833–1893).S. The oldest child of Sonny and Cher adopted Boniface • Borchers a male version of his original first name in 2009 after on undergoing gender reassignment surgery. and “Bonn” represents Benjamin. Fr. poet. When the actor began his career in 1986 he felt it prudent to adopt a new name so as not to evoke an association with the actor Hugh Williams (1904–1969). my family and friends still called me Hugh.69 adopted as a papal name by his successor. Beats me why I didn’t go with this in the first place” [personal fax from Hugh Bonneville. the first American actor to make his reputation in Europe. Jr. Eng. Cesare Bontempi. Dublin. Betty Boo: Alison Moira Clarkson (1970–). movie actress. The singer adopted her stage name from the cartoon character Betty Boop. U. Fr.1830). movie actress. Benedict XI. the actress first appeared in the movies in 1937 as Virginia Pound. The actress adopted her stage name in the 1930s when touring with the Poli Stock Company and other theatrical troupes.S. Cornell Borchers: Cornelia Bruch (1925–). movie actress.S. and then Houseman. black blues musician. James Booth: James Geeves (1927–2005).S. It. Shirley Booth: Thelma Booth Ford (1898– 1992). In 1949 she married David Brian. rock musician. rock singer. U. journalist. He thus decided to use his two middle names. 1996]. of Sc. Ger.S. stage. and then just Huyseman. Boniface IX: Pietro Tomacelli (c. The literary figure translated the first part of his hyphenated name into English. U. stage. March 26. The actress was Katharine Booth before progressing to Karin Booth in 1947. I’d say.S. Br. Originally a singer under the name Ginger Pound. William Boot see Tom Stoppard Adrian Booth: Virginia Mae Davis. Bono Vox of O’Connell Street. who though no longer alive was still remembered by many. and then just Bono” [Bono. Books-Nabonag: [Comte] Georges LibriBagnano (fl.1350–1401). I was Steinvic von Huyseman. He also occasionally appeared in the movies as Benny Leven. Johnny Booker: John Martyn (1923–2007). 2005].S. Sherwood Bonner: Katherine Sherwood Bonner Macdowell (1849–1883). short-story writer. . movie actress. stage. Bill Bonney see Wes Hardin William H.S. theater manager. pope. Jessie Bonstelle: Laura Justine Bonesteele (1871– 1932). Bono on Bono: Conversations with Michka Assayas. Blaise Bonnain see George Sand Frank Bonner: Frank Boers. composer. Egomet Bonmot see Herr Cornelius van Vinkbooms Issy Bonn: Benjamin Levin (1903–1977). TV actor.“I can’t remember when [wife] Ali started calling me Bono. At first he was not keen on the name. trying to explain to each bemused new acquaintance just who the hell I was— until last year. Bonita: Pauline Hall (c. movie actor. née Pound (1918–). Roger Bontemps: Roger de Collerye (?1470– 1540). It. movie comedian. Justine was called “Jessie” by her family and altered the spelling of her surname as her stage name early in her career. U. The form of the actor’s third name on his birth certificate is actually Bonniwell. singer.” he said. stage.S.S. singer. when I finally gave up the fight and changed my [actors’ union] Equity forename to Hugh. so when I worked with actors who were also friends no-one knew what to call me. Bonney see Billy the Kid Bono: Paul David Hewson (1960–).-Malayan parentage. forger. from Bonavox. working in U. Dany Boon: Daniel Hamidou (1966–). I was 16. pop singer. “Issy” implies Israel. “I’ve felt male as far back as I can remember.S. “However. Georg Borchardt: Georg Hermann (1871– 1943). U. U. U. U. Hugh Bonneville: Hugh Richard Bonneville Williams (1963–). Before Bono. Ger. radio comedian. Belg. speaking on ABC’s Good Morning America show. A typical Jewish nickname for the Jewish comedian. movie actress. a hearing-aid shop in O’Connell Street. TV actor. then anagrammatized the second. (1942–). when she made a fresh start as Adrian Booth.” He later settled to Bono alone.

The writer. political writer. Dan. parentage. Fr. “Man is a wolf to man. author of stories for boys. U. He used “Abbé Bossut” (after the genuine French mathematician of the name.” Il Borgognone: Jacques Courtois (1621–1676).born Br. Yugoslavborn Austr. The Boston Bard: Robert Stevenson Coffin (1797–1827). who chid “him” for constantly chasing women.1450– 1516). and also rather too biblical. U.1446–1497). Phillips was a noted pseudonymist. Communist official. Rev. writer of educational books. Hung. They eloped and married in 1944. The actor’s new English first name is similar only in sound to his original Italian forename. stepson of the circus owners. Francesco Borromini: Francesco Castelli (1599– 1667). and his new first name as the Greek form of Jerom(e). and Latin word books and phrase books. Inge Borkh: Ingeborg Simon (1917–). and others like him.S. Italian. Petrus Borel: Joseph-Pierre Borel d’Hauterive (1809–1859). The churchman was the son of Ortensia Caffarelli. cardinal. and Mrs.” apparently with reference to the classic saying.” after Dickens’s own pen name Boz. Ger.C. painter. however. It.-born U.” so that on receiving fan mail addressed to “Connee” she decided to adopt this form. David Blair. Prest. Du. Rev. movie actor. the future pope Paul V. U. Fr. There Eva fell in love with Trevor McIntosh. Eduard Bornhöhe: Eduard Brunberg (1862– 1923). Hence his nickname. novelist. who adopted him and gave him his name Ernest Borgnine: Ermes Effron Borgnino (1917–). Sp. working in Italy. and McIntosh changed his wife’s name to Eve Boswell. George Borodin see George Sava Mikhail Borodin: Mikhail Markovich Gruzenberg (1884–1951). Ludwig Börne: Juda Löw Baruch (1786–1837).K.S. magician.” Lucrezia Bori: Lucrezia Borja y Gonzalez de Rianche (1887–1960). It. newspaper editor. associated with melodramatic horror novels such as Madame Putiphar (1839). The artist took his name . the painter was apprenticed to a goldsmith named Botticelli and adopted his name. journalist. “Botticello” means “little barrel” (Italian botte. a rotund pawnbroker. the town of ’sHertogenbosch. jazz singer.S. Frank Bosworth see Mark Carrel Ezra Boto see Mongo Beti Sandro Botticelli: Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi (1445–1510).S. She made her singing debut in England in 1949 with the British bandleader Geraldo. The writer used this name for such works as The Miscellaneous Poems of the Boston Bard (1818).” Hieronymus Bosch: Jerom van Aeken (c. Bos: Thomas Peckett Prest (1809–1879). (or Miss) Margaret Pelham. Scipione Caffarelli Borghese: Scipione Caffarelli (1576–1633). popular singer.S. Goldsmith (for geographical and scientific works). of It. painter. Baruch took his new name on converting from Judaism to Christianity in 1817 with the aim of qualifying for public service. journalist. It. According to Giorgio Vasari’s Lives of the Artists (1550). Estonian historical novelist. the equivalent of “Hermes. as being rather too close. architect. The change came about because when signing autographs she never dotted the “i. Michel Bosquet see André Gorz Abbé Bossut: [Sir] Richard Phillips (1767– 1840). Clarke. It. painter. opera singer. Borra: Borislav Milojkowic (1921–). The popular artist spelled her first name “Connie” until 1941. originally intended to ascribe their virtual piracies of 70 writings by Dickens to “Boaz. “The Wolf-Man. Bosch took his new surname from his birthplace. comic pianist. working in U. meaning “the Burgundian. “barrel”). Russ. Eng. movie actress. Cz. Rev. J. It. The artist is said to have adopted the nickname given to his elder brother Giovanni. his near contemporary) for a series of French. Ger. where they joined Boswell’s Circus. painter. Names adopted for other writings include James Adair. sister of Camillo Borghese. for the circus. Barrow. The genre of Prest’s particular fiction came to be known as the “penny dreadful. satirist.Borden • Botticini Olive Borden: Sybil Tinkle (1909–1947). political reformer. art patron. The writer adopted a name that means more or less the same (literally “well height”) as his original name.” Victor Borge: Boerge Rosenbaum (1909– 2000). Havel Borovsky: Karel Havlícek (1821–1856). Eng. Giovanni Bordoni: Catterina Vizzani (1719– 1743). C. The architect adopted his new name in around 1627. This was ruled out. poet. poet. The painter of battle scenes was born in Burgundy (Italian Borgogna). opera singer. however. Ger. Francesco Botticini: Francesco di Giovanni (c. Rev. S. Perry Connee Boswell: Constance Foore Boswell (1907–1976). U. Stefan Born: Stefan Buttermilch (1824–1898). A Bostonian see Edgar A. retainer. journalist. so she and they emigrated to South Africa. Vizzani assumed male dress and identity in her work as a retainer for a Perugian priest. The singer’s nationality made her an alien when touring Britain with her family in 1939. Eve Boswell: Eva Keleti (1922–1998). came to be known as Le Lycanthrope.

Br. dramatist.” Their group pseudonym. Houari Boumédienne: Mohammed Ben Brahim Boukharrouba (1927–1978). James opened a hat shop in Chicago under this name in 1926 before moving to New York two years later to take up dress designing. mathematician.S. On emigrating to New York in 1891. Eng. actor. Dion Boucicault: Dionysius Lardner Boursiquot (1820–1890).-born U. materialist. movie actress. taking it from the French philosopher Nicolas-Antoine Boulanger. Ir. Even if my name had been spelt correctly I still thought it looked rather ugly. In this. Algerian head of state. names which Sir Walter Scott later gave to his printer and publisher. 1995]. Ingrid Boulting: Ingrid Munnik (1947–). mathematician + Jean Dieudonné (1906–1992). editor.’ he said to my retreating back.” Benjamin Bounce: Henry Carey (1685–1743). Nicolas Boulanger: Paul-Henri Thiry. Charles Bourbaki (1816–1897). Boucher • Bourbaki Daniel Boukman: Daniel Blérald (1936–). The name is chiefly associated with the . Fr. Nicolas Bourbaki: Henri Cartan (1904–2008). Ger. for the pomposity of the former and the cheerfulness of the latter. detective story writer. The actor. journalist. poet. mathematician + André Weil (1906–1998).S. Louis Boudinoff Boudin: Louis Boudinoff (1874–1952). political theorist. Chili Bouchier: Dorothy Irene Boucher (1909– 1999). “The first photograph of me ever published had somebody else’s name underneath and the second called me Chili Poucher. called me Chili Bom Bom. Eng. Carey used the exuberant name for his equally lively dramatic burlesque Chrononhotonthologos. Fr. movie actress. From then on. fashion designer. Holbach used this name for his antireligious work Le Christianisme dévoilé (1761).” describes how guns and drugs reached the ghettos sanctioned by corrupt government officials.. I did not succeed in this for ages and ages for everybody thought I was the daughter of the famous actor-manager. Boudinoff took a shortened form of his original name as his surname. began his career under the name of Lee Morton in 1838. on whom he based his style. Ukr. I turned.A. movie actress.-born U. “Boumédienne” is the French spelling of Arabic Bum-ed-Din. Elias Boudinot (1740–1821). Hence the musician’s recording name. The lyrics of many ragga hits relate to guns. Elias Boudinot: Galagina (?1804–1839). composer. Arthur Bourchier [(1864–1927)]. Fr. Bounty Killer: Rodney Basil Price (1972–). Holbach also wrote as L’Abbé Bernier and Jean Mirabaud. dramatist. “Down in the Ghetto. mathematician + Claude Chevalley (1909–1984). who pronounced his name as Boucher to rhyme with voucher” [ibid.-born U. (His big 1993 hit. whose attempts to bridge the Prussian line during the FrancoGerman War (1870–1) ended in a humiliating disaster..]. U. “‘I love my Chili Bom Bom. From 1811 to 1818 he attended the Moravian mission school in the Cherokee nation and in 1817 replaced his original name (meaning “Buck”) with the name of the president of the American Bible Society. Charles Boucheron: Charles James (1906– 1978).S. gradually reducing it to just ‘Chili. atheist writer. Anthony Boucher: William Anthony Parker White (1911–1968). tribal leader. Jamaican ragga musician. Sandro Botticelli. The named men were the nucleus of a group formed in 1933 to represent the essential “contemporary mathematician.’ And so Chili was born” [Chili Bouchier.. So I put an ‘i’ in Boucher and made it Bouchier — hoping that it would be pronounced the French way. while two other characters are Aldiborontiphoscophornia and Rigdum-Funnidos. working in Italy.” as a nickname for someone who pursues wanted criminals for the sake of the reward offered. She modified her surname herself. he . Fr.-born U.S.. Martinique-born Fr. Boudinot was the son of a Cherokee warrior and the daughter of a white trader and Cherokee woman. S. Barbara Bouchet: Barbara Gutscher (1943–). The military leader adopted his new name as a nom de guerre when he joined a guerrilla unit in 1955. literally “owl of religion. The actress was given her new first name by a boyfriend. Fr. intrigued.S. U. Chrononhotonthologos is the king of Queerummania. and includes the lines: “Down in the ghetto where the gun have a ting — and the politician is the guns them a bring — hey — and the crack and the coke them a support the killing — me check it out the whole a dem ah the same ting. who was of Huguenot extraction. chosen humorously. ‘What do you mean?’ He told me that on the previous evening he had seen a revue called ‘The Punch Bowl’ in which Sonnie Hale had sung a song called ‘I Love My Chili Bom Bom’ to a girl who looked like me. “the Most Tragical Tragedy that ever was Tragediz’d by any Company of Tragedians” (1734).”) The name itself presumably puns on “bounty hunter. who had died two years earlier. the brothers James and John Ballantyne.. SF. after the success (in London) of his play London Assurance. Shooting Star: The Last of the Silent Film Stars. was that of a French general.71 from his more illustrious contemporary. He adopted the French-style spelling of his original name in 1841. baron d’Holbach (1723–1789).S.

TV gameshow presenter. he called himself Willie on seeing a hobo who resembled an old friend of this name. cigar-chompin’ hobo in a battered hat. Edgar Box: Gore Vidal (1925–). although he did confide it to one or two literary colleagues. Pol. David Bowie: David Robert Hayward-Jones (1947–). U. The writer created this pseudonym for his thriller The Righteous Men (2006) for distinction from his real name as a journalist. biographer. Joseph Shearing. U. U. Éléments de mathématiques. and John Winch. Swiss pianist. and Bowring likewise as my father’s family surname was Bowring Compton” [personal letter from Debra Bowring. July 15. Fr. Balzac. author. Br. George R. rock musician. Lower Bourne. and when was Sam born? (Sam Bourne — get it?) And I thought he sounded like a thriller writer. and the family house lay only a few feet from the track. Masters of Rock. prime minister. Rousseau. children’s writer. His own father was a railroad man. Sam. His code name as a Resistance leader in World War II was “Polygone. Sturt took his pen name from his birthplace. Beaumarchais. Mérimée. The writer. The politician. Resistance leader. literary critic.. unemployed men would climb onto the roofs of boxcars so as to travel aross the States by freight train. photographer.S. with difficult ‘fr’ and ‘th’ sounds. murdered by political opponents. unkempt. . 1995]. writer. Pete Bouton see Harry Blackstone Bartholomew Bouverie: William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898). Diderot. September 14. Montaigne. Sam Bourne is altogether shorter and sharper” [The Guardian. too polysyllabic. began life as Zowie Bowie but later reverted to the original family name. explains the choice of three new names as follows: “The name of Debra was chosen as I just liked it. Martin adopted the stage guise of an unshaven. writer of books on rural subjects. translator. of which the best known are Robert Paye. or even the down south pronunciation of Jim’s name. She used many other (mostly male) pseudonyms. published over many years from 1939. “He adopted the more prosaic name on his passport when he realised that he didn’t want to be in the shadow of his rather famous father David” [The Times. used this name for his “Library of Boy. where he was raised.S. and a billboard he saw advertising the movie The Bourne Supremacy (2004). Eng. the pop star’s name should most accurately be pronounced David Bo-hie. “I liked it instantly. as an adolescent. Fr. Death before Bedtime (1953). movie director Duncan Jones (1971–). Bowie’s son. 1982]. My own name is somehow too convoluted. movie comedian. Mark Bowland see Marc Bolan Debra Louise Bowring: Peter John Compton (1938–). movie producer. Earlier. Preedy. during the Depression. Boo-ie” [Paul Gambaccini. George Bourne: George Sturt (1863–1927). writer. Martin took his name after being impressed by the way in which. Br. Candy Boyd: Marguerite Dawson (1947–). Br. Charles-Samuel Bovy-Lysberg: Charles-Samuel Bovy (1821–1873). Farnham.) On assuming the name.Bourgès-Maunoury • Boyd group’s huge reference work. novelist.. March 29. composer.). writer. Lysberg. 2006]. journalist. Villon. White added her mother’s maiden name to her original surname. etc. with his new name allegedly for the bowie knife. née Campbell (1888–1952). stage. Surrey. following a brief marriage. the book was hatched in 2004. It made the connection with my son even stronger: after all. Br.” a series of around 400 translations of the classics of French literature (works by Rabelais. Stendhal. Fr. The singer changed his name to Bowie in 1966 so as not to be confused with Davy Jones of The Monkees. Marjorie Bowen: Margaret Gabrielle Vere Long. Molière. U. The producer. Emmanuel Bove: Emmanuel Bobonikov (1898–1945). The writer created her pen name from a variant of her first name and her great-grandfather’s surname. John Bowe: John Wilson (1950–). politician. Peter Bourne see Bruce Graeme Sam Bourne: Jonathan Saul Freedland (1967–). black educator. He based it on the name of his young son. Boxcar Willie: Lecil Travis Martin (1931–1999). Boy: Tadeusz Õeleüski (1874–1941). (According to one account. he had performed under the name Marty Martin. Eng. novelist.” Margaret Bourke-White: Margaret White (1904–1971). . a transexual. Louise was an old family name. Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury: Maurice JeanMarie Bourgès (1914–1993). The musician added the name of his birthplace. At the same time it half suggests the latter half of his real surname. Jim Bowen: James Whittaker (1937–). Vidal kept this pseudonym secret for many years. Bourvil: André Raimbourg (1917–1970). 2009]. The writer reserved this name for three detective novels: Death in the Fifth Position (1952). The actor’s screen name came from the village of Bourville. near Berne. Montesquieu. northwest of Paris. Eng. In 1926. As to pronunciation: 72 “Since the bowie knife was popularised by the frontiersman Jim Bowie. and Death Like It Hot (1954). TV actor.S. added the name of his maternal grandfather to his original name. briefly prime minister (1957). Eng. novelist. country musician.S. playwright.

-born Eng.73 John Boyd: Boyd Bradfield Upchurch (1919–).” Dickens finally dropped the name with Dombey and Son (1847).S. Br. Austral.” George Braddin see George Sava Jesse Bradford: Jesse Bradford Watrouse (1979–). Brazilian songwriter. when he first began appearing. novelist. and being shortened. composer. It. Otto Brahm: Otto Abrahamsohn (1856–1912). long before I was an author. Eng. Brammah was his mother’s maiden name. U. Boz: Charles Dickens (1812–1870). U.S. Eng. working in U. Vincent Millay (1892– 1950). TV producer. Ger. writer. Eng. dressed as a girl (or at least androgynously). Nancy Boyd: Edna St.’ . Boy George: George Alan O’Dowd (1961–). A humorous verse of the day ran: “Who the dickens ‘Boz’ could be / Puzzled many a learned elf.” Some contemporary writers sought to emulate Dickens by adopting names such as “Bos. The artist adopted his mother’s maiden name. Eng. stage director. subsequently Earl of Shannon. filmmaker. prose writer. “who envisaged a more domestic future for her” [Dictionary of National Biography]. .S. painter. Stephen Boyd: William Millar (1928–1977). in honour of the ‘Vicar of Wakefield’ [by Goldsmith. May Brahe: Mary Hannah Morgan (1885– 1956). stage.]. Oswald Boyle: Alfred Austin (1835–1913). Viscount Boyle (1924–). He had himself billed as “Boy George” on the sleeve of his first single in order to answer the inevitable initial question. U. The writer changed his middle name to Henry and and altered the spelling of his surname “because I found the bulk of the same stock spelt it so. Hugh Henry Brackenridge: Hugh Montgomery Breckenridge (1748–1816). jazz trombonist. Boz was a very familiar household word to me. / And ‘Boz’ appeared as Dickens’ self. 1983]. René Boylesve: René-Marie-Auguste Tardiveau (1867–1926). Eng. literary critic. When Braga first began writing songs as a student of architecture he adopted the name João de Barro to hide his musical activity from his father. a younger brother [Augustus (died 1827)]. movie actor.-born U. . Sc. “Is it a boy or a girl?” The name would ensure that the apparent “she” was correctly identified as a “he” [Pop Focus. June Brae: June Bear (1917–2000). The future Poet Laureate (from 1896) used this name for a melodramatic novel. writer. as a condition of inheriting the family estates in Ireland in 1847. U. Margot Boyd: Beryl Billings (1913–2008).S. Eng. Eng. poet. Scott Brady: Gerard Kenneth Tierney (1924– 1985). divorced 1955).S. ballet dancer. The musician changed his name because his original surname was too cumbersome for billings. which being facetiously pronounced through the nose. Fr. Stan Brakhage: Robert Sanders (1933–2003).. / But time revealed the mystery. poet..” Boyd • Bramah Hercules Brabazon Brabazon: Hercules Brabazon Sharpe (1821–1906). poet. Edward P Bradley: Michael Moorcock (1939–). and even his Who’s Who entry appears under the name. Ir. The dancer adopted her anagrammatic stage name when invited to guest with the Ballet Rambert early in her career. Caryl Brahms: Doris Caroline Abrahams (1901– 1983). SF writer.S. Boz. songwriter. TV panelist. writer. The poet’s adopted name relates to his original first name: Bogdan literally means “given by God. James Brabazon: Leslie James Seth-Smith (1923–2007). novelist. columnist.” and “Poz. Katie Boyle: Caterina Irene Helen Imperiali di Francavilla (1926–). The writer adopted her new name as a student in order to conceal her literary activities from her parents. Ernest Bramah: Ernest Brammah Smith (1868– 1942).” while Bozhidar means “gift of God. Russ. “Katie” for Caterina. Ger. movie actor. with his group Culture Club. U. Braguinha: Carlos Alberto Ferreira Braga (1907–2006). SF writer. and “Boyle” for her first husband (married 1947. Eric Braeden: Hans Gudegast (1942–). whom I had dubbed Moses. novelist. The singer adopted the name in 1982. John Braham: John Abraham (1774–1856). movie actor. and so I came to adopt it” [preface to Pickwick Papers. opera singer. Br. 1847 ed. Will Bradley: Wilbur Schwichtenberg (1912– 1989). my signature in the ‘Morning Chronicle. became Boses. Dickens used this name (pronounced “Boze”) in reports of debates in the House of Commons in The Morning Chronicle (1835) and in his collection of articles entitled Sketches by Boz (1836–37). The writer used this pseudonym for all of his books. as well as other fiction. pop singer. TV actress. Br. his own middle name. who disapproved of his son’s musical ambitions. writer. The writer adopted his mother’s maiden name as his pen name. movie actor. Jessie’s Expiation (1867).S. He explained: “Boz. was the nickname of a pet child. Eng. Richard Bentinck Boyle. U. in which Moses Primrose is the vicar’s son].S. writer. Bozhidar: Bogdan Petrovich Gordeyev (1894– 1914).” “Pos.

U. Walter C. Hans Breitmann: Charles Godfrey Leland (1824– 1903). actor. juvenile movie actor. stage. humorous writer. opera singer.S.S. Hungary (now Bra£ov. and N. U. Linda Brava: Linda Lampenius (1971–). Lewis Brant see Fenton Brockley Floresta Augusta Brasileira see Madame Floresta A. Leland had received a university education in Germany. The actress best known as Perdita had many pseudonyms. and Peter Henry Morland. Tabitha Bramble: Mary Robinson. Romania). movie. magician. an all-purpose brand name aimed Exocet-like at the American heartland. 1997]. U. Marianne Brandt: Marie Bischof (1842–1921). the player resumed her original name. vain and ridiculous” in Tobias Smollett’s novel Humphry Clinker (1771). editor. Fr. Frederick Frost. exceedingly starched. “There could hardly be a wittier pen name for the woman once described as the most beautiful woman in England” [Paula Byrne. Ind. It.K. Austr. philosopher.-born Br. Brasileira: Nísia Floresta (1810–1885). U.S. In 2002. Madame Brasileira Augusta. It began six months ago with her name: she is now Linda Brava. the Hungarian suffix giving the sense “of. Br. novelist. U.Bramantino • Brema Bramantino: Bartolomeo Suardi (c. The future West German chancellor took his new name for articles that he wrote after joining the Socialist Workers’ Party in 1931. writer. The name effectively means “little Bramante.S. TV actor. Floresta 74 Augusta Brasileira. Other pseudonyms used by the writer include Une Brésilienne. U. Cook began his career as an architect. Brazilian footballer. Swiss poet. Henry Brandon: Henry Kleinbach (1912–1990). Christianna Brand: Mary Christianna Lewis (1907–1988). literary critic. Ger.B.1947–). née Darby (1758–1800). Brécourt: Guillaume Marcoureau (1638–1683). John Brandane: John MacIntyre (1869–1947). Michael Brandon: Michael Feldman (1945–). Branco: Claudio Ibrahim Vaz Leal (1964–). Ger. The photographer adopted his name in 1925 from that of his native city. Eng. Hung. Butler. Georg Brandes: Morris Cohen (1842–1927). The shift also avoids the snigger-inducing problem of the last two syllables of her surname” [Sunday Times. politician. It is a metamorphosis straight from Ovid. Wellman Braud: Wellman Breaux (1891–1966). of Jewish parentage. Brassaï: Gyula Halász (1899–1984). July 20. Carl Brema: Karl Brehmer (1864–1942). Max Brand: Frederick Schiller Faust (1892– 1944). include Frank Austin. actress. David Manning. Nikolay Bravin: Nikolay Mikhaylovich Vasyatkin (1883–1956).” for which the Latin equivalent would be brassicanus. dramatist. Johannes Brassicanus: Johannes Alexander Kohlburger (1500–1539). George Owen Baxter. Brassó. Danny Bravo: Daniel Zaldivar (c. photographer. a prolific contributor to pulp magazines. Bulg. Willy Brandt: Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (1913– 1992).” referring to the artist Donato Bramante (1444–1515). thriller writer. novelist. historian. stage actor. short-story writer. Brazilian poet. R&B singer. and from 1857 he used the name for his amusing dialect poems. writer. The baritone’s new name was perhaps meant to suggest bravo or bravura. U. Perdita: The Life of Mary Robinson. stage. movie actor. writer. essayist. Ivan Bratanov : Ivan Marinov (1920–1968).S. conceptual artist. violinist. movie actor.. Eng. and took his new name when first appearing on the stage in 1927.F.S. Mz Bratt: Cleopatra Humphrey (1992–).. opera singer. Brasileira Madame Floresta A. Russ. Telesilla (Portuguese for “chairlift”). collected in Hans Breitmann’s Ballads (1914). John Frederick.A. . (white) rapper. movie actor. dramatist. sculptor. with the same sense in Russian as in English. 2004].. “This nice middle-class girl from suburban Helsinki is groomed for success Hollywood style. and retained it on fleeing to Norway in 1933. Sc. (initials of her original and adopted names). For ten years she owned a school called Augusto in Rio de Janeiro. Austr. painter. George Challis. however. Dan.” Pierre Brasseur: Pierre-Albert Espinasse (1905– 1972).born U.1460–1530). Finn. The writer’s original name can be punningly understood to mean “cabbage-town dweller. Brandy: Rayana Norwood (1979–). husband of Glynis Barber. U. Alison Bray see Fenton Brockley William Brayce see Fenton Brockley George Brecht: George MacDiarmid (1926– 2008).born Fr. Klaus Maria Brandauer: Klaus Maria Steng (1944–).S. The actor adopted his mother’s maiden name as his stage name. Sasthi Brata: Sasthibrata Chakravarti (1939–).S. Peter Dawson. Evan Evans. Ivan Brandt: Roy Francis Cook (1903–). whose disciple he was. black jazz bassist. entertainer. Other names used by Faust. Fr. She adopted this one for some poems. playwright. movie actor.S. U. taking it from the “maiden of forty-five.

K. to conceal his person. movie actor. English hymn composer. reformer. in his Church History of England. Eng. Franklin used the name for six chronicle novels of pioneer years in Australia: Up the Country (1928). “Bin Bin” being a typical outback placename. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself (1861). Sc. dramatist. comedienne. the birthplace of her German father. Evelyn Brent: Mary Elizabeth Riggs (1899– 1975). black entertainer. nightclub operator. Eng. Bricktop: Ada Beatrice Queen Victoria Louise Virginia Smith (1894–1984). Austral. Brent-Dyer: Gladys Eleanor May Dyer (1894–1969).S. Swe. Mary Brian: Louise Byrdie Dantzler (1906– 2002). when he had begun to gain fame as a church organist. Eng. Prelude to Waking (1950). Romney Brent: Romulo Larralde (1902–1976). Lauren Bacall had similar problems. He is said to have taken the name from the label in his first suit: “Brett & Co. popular singer. U. Swiss-born Fr. Edith Brendall: Eddy Charly Bertin (1944–). The author’s pseudonym is said to represent the name of a kindly elderly gentleman writing about his experiences of Australian bush life. The entertainer’s lengthy original name was given her by parents who did not wish to disappoint the many people who had made suggestions for naming her. or at least assumed by James Anderton . Eng. Linda Brent: Harriet Jacobs (c. The singer took her professional name from the city of Bremen. also used the pseudonym John Norcross.75 Marie Brema: Minny Fehrman (1856–1925). Brasileira Jeremy Brett: Peter Jeremy William Huggins (1935–1995). U.S. Teresa Brewer: Theresa Veronica Breuer (1931– 2007). He probably took it from William Henry Havergal (1793–1870).S. Priest: James Anderton (fl. movie actress. Chiefly with Regard to Catholicks (1737–42) states that “John Brereley” is “either a fictitious name.-born U. The actress was initially billed as Betty Riggs before assuming her later name. Eng. Máire Brennan: Máire Ní Bhraonáin (1952–). and Gentlemen at Gyang Gyang (1956). poet.” Lucienne Bréval: Berthe Agnès Lisette Schilling (1869–1935). journalist. musical biographer. George Brent: George Brendan Nolan (1904– 1979). U.1813–1897). Victor David Brenner: Victor David Barnauskas (1871–1924). U.S. U. Ten Creeks Run (1930). composer. movie actor. Fr. working in U. Huggins changed his name at his father’s insistance to hide the social disgrace of having an actor in the family. writer of horror stories. opera singer. novelist.S. Street. medalist. farmer. Adolf Brennglas: Adolf Glassbrenner (1810– 1876). writer of books on country life. harpist. Edmund Breon: Edmund MacLaverty (1882– 1951).G.. as he usually signed himself.. U. Br. of Ger.” but the first word of this was altered following a typing error. Brenda: Georgina Castle Smith.S. She was nicknamed “Bricktop” for her red hair when she was in her late 20s by Harlem nightclub owner Barron Wilkins. popular singer. used this name for a late book. Tony Brent: Reginald Bretagne (1926–1993).S. stage. Ir. Little is known about the controversialist. Fair Enough (1962). The musician.S. U. journalist. James Brian: Arthur George Street (1892–1966). of Ger. black writer. Cockatoos (1954). stage. stage. Havergal Brian: William Brian (1876–1972). opera singer. writer.S. Paris. Ir. novelist. movie actor.-Swe. Br. popular singer. Brent of Bin Bin: Stella Maria Sarah Miles Franklin (1879–1954). movie actor. The Rev. Br. an early book of poems. Back to Bool Bool (1931). Ger. Arvid Brenner: Fritz Helge Heerberger (1907– 1975). where she was the proprietress and where . The writer used this name for Dulce Cor (1886).1604– 24). movie actress.S. movie. The former slave used this name for her autobiography. children’s writer. adopted the English form of her Irish name (in which Ní is “daughter”). The prolific symphonic composer adopted his new first name in 1899. writer of books for girls. Ger. Otokar B†ezina: Václav Ignác Jebavý (1868– 1929). Lithuanian-born U.S.. Charles Dodd. sculptor.-born Belg. Fanny Brice: Fania Borach (1891–1951). U.S. Cz. The name was originally “Brand of Bin Bin. writer. Elinor M. Mexican-born U. A.S. born John Wesley Conroy. The leftist writer. Une Brésilienne see Madame Floresta A. Sc. singer. née Meyrick (1845–1933). Eng. Fania Borach grew so weary of having her name mispronounced as “Bore-ache” and “Bore-act” that she changed it to something simpler. movie actor.–U.” Ford Brereton: Samufel Rutherford Crockett (1860–1914). The name passed to the chic Chez Bricktop club in the Rue Pigalle. Brema • Bricktop John Brereley. Michel Brenet: Antoinette Christine Marie Bobillier (1858–1918). David Brian: Brian Davis (1914–1993). parentage. parentage. Roman Catholic writer. Matthew Brenher: Matthew Alexander Benham (1961–). formerly a member of the group Clannad. and the identity of Brereley with Anderton is uncertain. Tim Brennan: Jack Conroy (1899–1990). U. TV actor.

Helen Berry. Harvey Lant. The Boomtown Rats member. He continued in general medical practice until 1938. U. playwright. William Brayce. Edna Murray. yodeler. when he was appointed assistant director of BBC European broadcasts. radio director. Karla Benton. with the first under the Bridie name being The Anatomist (1930). Sir Owen Sinclair O’Malley.D. We changed it to Pete Briquette. 1986]. tribal leader. Irene Lynn. historical novelist. rock musician. Chuck Mason. “Ann” would have sounded more like “Enn” in educated English speech. Steve Brodie: John Stevens (1919–1992). when she became involved in a group called the Indian Ring. child movie. movie actress.S. Bonar Bridge see Orion (1) Beau Bridges: Lloyd Vernet Bridges III (1941–). Others are Annette Adams. Elton Britt: James Britt Baker (1917–1972). Rick Walters. Burt Kroll. brother of Sister Nancy. Reverse the two halves of the name to give “End Bridge” and so “Ann Bridge. mountebank.S. cattle rustler (“Curly Bill”). Lee Brilleaux: Lee Green (1952–1994). country singer. Dan. Susette was the daughter of Omaha chief Joseph La Flesche. Roland Starr. She took the name Bright Eyes. Freda Fenton.S. Jamaican DJ. Carl Brisson: Carl Pedersen (1895–1958). Lewis Brant. Mark Suffling. Eng. He subsequently adopted his maternal grandmother’s surname for later plays. Vera Craig. Barbara Britton: Barbara Brantingham Czukor (1919–1980). SF writer. Kay Talbot. U. The singer married Cecil Bridgewater in 1970 and kept his name after divorcing him a few years later. Bart Segundo. who was himself the son of a French trader and an Omaha woman. Fr. Ann Bridge: [Lady] Mary Dolling O’Malley. Hank Madison. Harold Brodkey: Aaron Roy Weintraub (1930– 1996). Wesley Craile. Jack Bassett. U. and Neil Webb. gunman. Pete Briquette: Patrick Cusack (1954–). Jack Britton: William James Breslin (1885– 1962). Eng. U. U. was given a meaningful name change: “We changed Pat Cusack’s name because we thought it sounded too Irish. As a physician.S. Elaine Vinson. as the English version of her Native American name. 76 Jules Brissac: Emma Marie MacFarren. Stevens. Brigadier Jerry: Robert Russell (1957–).S. Eng. Oliver Bronson. the two names have a common Celtic connection. U. Donna Rix. William Brocius: William Graham (1851–1882). Jean Brioché: Pierre Datelin (?–1671). Frank Shaul. J. Rimmer. working in France. movie actor. also known as Inshtamaza (Iron Eye). Graham Garner. a cousin of Johnny Fingers. His first play was The Sunlight Sonata (1928).” (In the writer’s day. Henry Lansing. Rod Caley. which was a pun on the fuel cakes made in Ireland from compressed peat” [Bob Geldof.S. Bright Eyes: Susette La Flesche (1854–1903). movie actress. We made it more Irish. The Parisian street entertainer was famous for his marionettes and for his costumed monkey called Fagotin. Eng. TV actress. concert pianist. John Dryden.J.Bridge • Brodkey she entertained many famous expatriate U. writers. Ann Bridge took her pen name from the hamlet of Bridge End. W. Rowland has used over 50 male and female pen names. Clinton Spurr. movie actor. Lynn Brock see Anthony Wharton Rose Brock see James Colton Fenton Brockley: Donald Sydney Rowland (1928–). May Britt: Maybritt Wilkens (1933–). Is That It?. Matt Rockwell. Hazel Baxter. Swe. Alison Bray. Sc. Lea Dregham came to adopt her husband’s former pseudonym for her professional work. Alvin Porter. Allenby. Lea Brodie: Lea Dregham (1951–). black jazz singer. Ir. James Bridie: Osborne Henry Mavor (1888– 1951). Alex Random. Morgan Brittany: Suzanne Cupito (1951–). Helen Langley. following which he was adopted . Colonel Britton: Douglas Ernest Ritchie (1905– 1967). Inshtatheamba. The broadcaster first used his patriotic byname in 1941. née Sanders (1889–1974). Eng. The actress took her screen name from the lead character in a paperback novel titled Blood Ties that she picked up at an airport.S. Mavor needed a pseudonym for his distinctive dramatic writing. adopted for poetry published in The Spectator. Dee Dee Bridgewater: Denise Garrett (1950–). Lorna Page. The boxer was nicknamed “Britain” for his former home city. boxer.) Another name was G. composer. Br. TV actress. Norford Scott. rock musician. Connecticut. Olive Patterson. U. Minerva Rossetti.S. Janita Cleve. Valerie Scott. Roger Carlton. writer.S. U. Chuck Buchanan. working in U. U. New Britain. Sharon Court. where she and her husband. which advocated fair treatment for Native Americans. Charles Field. Stuart McHugh. Native American physician. movie actor.K.S. Will Travers. Taken individually. Charles Roscoe. He altered this to “Britton” for use in the ring. née Bennett (1824–1895). not all of them for SF. had rented a house for their family. Weintraub’s mother died when he was 17 months old. which he wrote under the name of Mary Henderson. Surrey.

’ Kelly Brook does sound like a glamour pin-up. as her screen name. Broken Hill. movie actress] Louise Brooks. son of James Brolin. U.” Il Bronzino: Agnolo di Cosimo (1503–1572).” Brok: Tamara Timofeyevna Sidorkina (1910– 1975). working in England. was created Duke of Bronte (in Sicily) by Ferdinand I of Naples in 1799. movie actor.’ never consistently using the form Brontë which his printed works carry.. James Brolin: James Bruderlin (1940–). was the son of Russian immigrants from Lithuania. 2002]. Slavic names didn’t seem so fashionable. TV actor. he adopted this particular spelling because the English naval hero. The author adopted this name for The Story of Eleanor Lambert (1891) and other novels. political cartoonist. But Bronson it was — and Bronson stuck” [Charles Bronson with Robin Ackroyd. Eng.” perhaps with a biblical reference. It probably refers to his dark complexion. 2003].S. The name itself seems to be a blend of Greek bront` and French tonnerre. Peterson. Eng. The actress (not to be confused with Leslie Brooks) adopted the middle name of her father. Magdalen Brooke: Harriet Mary Capes (fl. journalist. Austral. Br. art historian. Ir. “It’s a subject for Woody Allen: you have this very smart. Albert Brooks: Albert Einstein (1947–). Charles Bronson. Drum Beat (1954). She just decided I couldn’t be Parsons. movie actor. The soprano based her stage name on that of her home town. with “Harold” formed from “Aaron. as James Bronterre O’Brien. It has a kind of sleekness and it was a world Kelly Parsons couldn’t wait to sheen into” [Sunday Times Magazine. writer. in and out of jail since 1974. movie actress. however. actor.-born Anglican clergyman. Eng. Charles Bronson. According to one account. Throughout his life he used a variety of marks over the ‘e. Br. The model was given her name by Daily Star glamor photographer Jeany Savage. Charles Bronson: (1) Charles Dennis Bunchinsky (1921–2003). Gwydion Brooke: Frederick James Gwydion Holbrooke (1912–2005). 1975]. illustrator. The father of the Brontë sisters (see Currer Bell) adopted the variant form of his family name shortly before leaving Ireland for England in 1802 to study at Cambridge University. and Brook was more pin-up. painter. politician. movie director.] Patrick Brontë: Patrick Prunty (1777– 1861). There is no evidence. I don’t think I’ve ever seen a Charles Bronson film . The family dropped the middle “n. Turk. He is said to have taken the name from Bronson Avenue. movie. U. Brook: Richard Brookes (1948–). juggler. O’Brien used this name from 1831 for his contributions to the Poor Man’s Guardian and Poor Man’s Conservative and later added the name to his own. June 29. screenwriter. cartoonist.” and Buchinsky became “Bronson” for his third movie. Westmorland. John Bromfield: Farron Bromfield (1922–). They gave him his new surname. “With the hounds of McCarthyville skulking round Hollywood. whose own later partner was Grock.. TV actor. U. Bronterre: James O’Brien (1805–1864).77 by his father’s cousins. Oliver Bronson see Fenton Brockley [Rev. writer.. movie. U. an entry way to the Paramount studios in Hollywood. It. Russ. who . circus artist.S. “He took to spelling his name as Bronte with some kind of accent over the last letter in order to signify that it was not Brok • Brooks silent. The artist sometimes used this name for his cartoons for Punch. anxiety-ridden comedian . movie actress. U. Henry Bromley: Anthony Wilson (fl. lion tamer. meaning “bronzed. “My gaffer [manager] chose my name . Eng. descent. Lesley Brook: Lesley Learoyd (1916–). The origin of the artist’s assumed nickname.” is uncertain. both meaning “thunder. Joseph and Doris Brodkey.–born British model and actress] Kelly LeBrock and [U. U. The Brontës. Reginald Brook Learoyd. who in his early years won prize money boxing. Bronson. The actor’s grandfather. Harris Brookes: Giorgio (later George) Loraine Stampa (1875–1951). “‘She was the first person to take me under her wing. 1982]. adopted the actor’s name at the age of 35 on taking up prize fighting. (2) Michael Gordon Peterson (1952–). bassoonist.S. He may equally have been struck by the suggestion of Greek bront`. when he was sentenced for armed robbery. Lord Nelson.S.S. June Bronhill: June Gough (1929–2005). that he did so in order to imply that his and Nelson’s families were related. Josh Brolin: Joshua Bruderlin (1968–). actress. An adoption of the familiar clown name “Brock. TV presenter. The publisher of A Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits (1793) may have been connected with the Wilson family of Kendal.. New South Wales. Welsh-born Br.” as used in England by the partner of Brick. halfway between [U.S.S.S.. criminal. Hillary Brooke: Beatrice Sofia Mathilda Peterson (1914–1999).. which intermarried with the Bromley family. model.1793). of It. Ir. “thunder.1890s). I actually wanted to be called Jack Palance after the great actor. Charles Dennis Bunchinsky. and which his children were to use exclusively” [Brian Wilks. Kelly Brook: Kelly Parsons (1979–).-born Br.” he reasoned [David Downing. son of Parkyakarkus. opera singer.

. TV actress. and Paul Valdez. rock musician. such as Tom Conway. Phyllis Brooks: Phyllis Weiler (or Steiller) (1914–1995).K. 78 D. journalist.” while simultaneously shortening her lengthy surname to “Brooks” [The Times. She chose the name Elkie as a Yiddish equivalent of “Elaine. David Brough: David Bingham (1940–1997). Hadda Brooks: Hadda Hopgood (1916–2002). Br. Leslie Brooks: Lorraine Gettman (1922–). movie actress. popular singer.” Johnson was already established. Eng. U. composer. The writer uses different pen names for different columns. mainstream” [Thomson 2003. Brother . Sinclair MacKellar.. popular singer. U. movie actress (not to be confused with Lesley Brook). Arthur Brown: Arthur Wilton (1944–). e. was jailed for 21 years in 1971 for selling secrets to the Russians and assumed his new identity as David Brough after his release from prison in 1981. I believe I am the first to publish his name. Joyce Brothers: Joyce Bauer (1928–). pianist. black blues musician.” but the writer later dropped the first part of this on the basis that “Carter Brown” alone suited his American market better. Brookman. where Luther “Guitar Jr.S. Ruben Sax” [Maltin. socialite. Roman Catholic martyr.. writer. “A . Lonnie Brooks: Lee Baker. Kaminsky changed his name so as not to be confused with jazz trumpeter Max Kaminsky (1908–1994). He used many other names.. Craig Brown: Vernon Rice (1967–). The future Viscountess Rothermere. for Brother Antoninus see Antoninus. U. R&B singer.S. Charles Brown: Leslie Uyeda (1962–). Buster Brown: Wayman Glasco (1911–1976). Foxy Brown: Inga Fung Marchand (1979–). Richard Brooks: Ruben Sax (1912–1992). “an impression she took no steps to correct” [Carpenter and Prichard. movie comedy writer. TV psychiatrist. and for some reason added the name Isaac. movie director. His new name arose as a contraction of his mother’s maiden name. Caroline Farr. comedian.” to which it even so retains a kind of resemblance. Dennis Sinclair. U. U. adopted the French spelling of his middle name.S. as well as permutations of his original name.S. The original form of the pen name was “Peter Carter Brown. Eng. A colleague attended his memorial service.S. 1987]. Jr.. U.S. née Matthews (1929–1992). Carter Brown: Alan Geoffrey Yates (1923– 1985). one of Britain’s most notorious spies. where this fact was publicly revealed for the first time. electric bassist. March 21.S. nicknamed “Bubbles. U. Baker originally performed as Guitar Jr. “Brooks” is a more manageable name than “Stroock. Peter Hitchens) in order to ply his trade and write his 20 articles a week without being taken for a track-suited tactician” [Jonathan Meades in The Times Magazine. Br. Matthew Norman. U.. George Brooks see Floyd Akers Geraldine Brooks: Geraldine Stroock (1925– 1977). When the young Vernon Rice decided to call himself Craig Brown to avoid the accusation that he was cashing in on the fame of his elder brother Tim . The artist added an “e” to his surname.. Dennis Brooks: James Mealey (1942–1978).S. producer. Fanny Brough see Julia Marlowe John Henri Isaac Browere: John Henry Brower (1790–1834). (female) flutist. writer of historical novels for children. for Brother Daniel see Daniel.. U.vii]. see the next word. as a result. bit of serendipity allowed me to learn that the late writer-director Richard Brooks had invented his own name. Wallace Arnold. p. but abandoned the name in 1960 on moving to Chicago. spy.S. thriller writer. Beverley Brooks: Patricia Evelyn Beverley Brooks. For names beginning thus. sculptor. U.” had an early career as a movie actress under this name. p. August 2. Readers of Broster’s books generally assumed the author to be a man. movie. Mel Brooks: Melvin Kaminsky (1926–). Eng.85]. have dreamed that 15 years later the Scottish Football Association would appoint a genuine Craig Brown to manage its national football team and that he would be forced to adopt a series of pseudonyms (Bel Littlejohn. 1997]. movie actress. etc.S. Broster: Dorothy Kathleen Broster (1878– 1950).. Harvey Brooks: Harvey Goldstein (fl.111]. Gary Bushell.-born Austral. Br. writer. Charlotte Raven. U. harmonica player. U.S.S.. Eng. black blues singer.1960s). Her real name gave the title of her 1988 album Bookbinder’s Kid. Elkie Brooks: Elaine Bookbinder (1946–). Eng. Because how can anyone else get away with being Albert Einstein? So he becomes Albert Brooks — as in Brooks Brothers. Bookbinder took singing lessons from the cantor of her local synagogue in Lancashire. U. Nikki Brooks: Nicola Ashton (1968–).S. As a youngster. Ferdinand Brooks: Hugh Green (?1584–1642). The former naval officer. Eng. he cannot .Brooks • Brown takes the prudent early step of changing his name. (1933–). “It can be a funny old business changing your name. p. for Brother Adam see Adam. black boogie-woogie pianist.g.

Mayor Vaughan. Rustifucius is a comic latinization of English rusty-fusty. The actress began her career as a jazz singer.” was the Greek title of the Egyptian Hermes. U. One of the Fancy. black blues singer. singer. lawyer.S. movie actress. The initials evolved as a nickname based on the singer’s first name. U. Br.” John Bruin: Dennis Brutus (1924–). The Cavern of Cavadonga (1836).-born U. writer.-born U. actress. U.S. P. stated on the title page to be “translated from the original Latin MS. “Brown” evolved from “Brind.K. Hung. Browning: Anna Cora Mowatt (1819– 1870). Henry C. Eng. Br. Captain Rock. Carlton Bruce see Old Humphrey David Bruce: Andrew McBroom (1914–1976). rock musician. Georgia Brown: Lillian Claire Laizer Gelel Klot (1933–1992). This is the best-known of the poet’s pseudonyms. working in U. Vanessa Brown: Smylla Brind (1928–1999). For an earlier work.S. pop singer.-born U. Fr. U. Jack Bruce: John Symon Asher (1943–). she took the name Isabel. author. and Trismegistus Rustifucius. and took her stage name from Maceo Pinkard’s 1925 song “Sweet Georgia Brown. writer.S. Ir. Austr. Cathal Brugha: Charles William St. esq. She then turned to acting. the epic poem Pelayo: or. Royston Vasey. U. Austral. “thrice greatest. Thomas Little.S.S. Harriet Brown see Greta Garbo Herbert Brown: Herbert Brovarnik (1912– 2004). music-hall instrumentalist. Peter Bruce: Peter Robinson (1960–). movie. was chosen as the name of a fictitious town in northern England that was the setting of the British TV comedy series The League of Gentlemen. under the immediate inspection of the Prince by John Brown. The first literary work to appear under her real name was Evelyn (1845). writing in Italian. The Life of Goethe (1844). Edith Bruck: Edith Steinschreiber (1932–). revolutionary. parentage. cartoonist. Dan.A. Roy “Chubby” Brown: Royston Vasey (1945–). D. jazz. painter. poet. Virginia Bruce: Helen Virginia Briggs (1910– 1982). etcher. Eng. while Brown • Brummie for the novel The Fortune Hunter (1844) she was Helen Berkley. songwriter. Eng.S. fairy tales for children. Br. Arthur Loring Bruce: Francis Welch Crowninshield (1872–1947). U. Shelley’s friend and biographer used this name for his novel Memoirs of Prince Alexy Haimatoff (1813). songwriter. chemist. the Younger: Thomas Moore (1779–1852). stage. (Faroese) writer. of Austr.-Fr. Matthew Browne: William Brighty Rands (1823–1882).” Lew Brown: Louis Brownstein (1893–1958). the god Thoth.S. TV actress. movie actor. Irving Brown see Oliver Optic John Brown: Thomas Jefferson Hogg (1792– 1862). photographer. Ukr. Coral Browne: Coral Edith Brown (1913–1991).S. movie actress. The future Minister of Defence in the first Irish parliament replaced English “Charles” by Irish “Cathal” and substituted Irish “Brugha” for equivalent English “Burgess. Br. writer. Rands also wrote as Timon Fieldmouse and Henry Holbeach. Bruce: Bruce Angrave (1912–1983).” which featured in her act. black rapper. TV actor. first screened in 1999. Henriette Browne: Sophie de Saux. comedian. Br.) Hedin Brú: Hans Jakob Jacobsen (1901–1987). This male name was for a biography. Others include An Irish Gentleman. Bruce of Los Angeles: Bruce Harry Bellas (1909–1974).S. of Jamaican/Puerto Rican parentage. stage. Mowatt used a number of pseudonyms in her career as a writer. U.S. Leo Bruce: Rupert Croft-Cooke (1903–1979). movie actress. Trismegistus. detective novelist. U. Brown himself appeared in the series as a guest character.” VV Brown: Vanessa Brown (1984–). of Ukr. playwright. Lenny Bruce: Leonard Alfred Schneider (1925– 1966).79 U. S. Henri Brûlard see Stendhal Christian Brulls see Georges Sim Brummie: Eddie James (1941–). editor. Nappy Brown: Napoleon Brown Goodson Culp (1929–2008). satirist. movie actor. parentage. U.D. nightclub comedian. The surname was coincidentally appropriate for her long dark hair and dark brown eyes. Br. writer of poems. rock musician. née de Boutellier (1829–1901). The singer took her stage name from the central character of the 1974 “blaxploitation” movie of the same name played by Pam Grier.B. crossword . writer. Austr. writer. Michael Brown: Michael Lookofsky (1949–). John Burgess (1874–1922). The actor took a new (typically Scottish) name to avoid confusion with another actor who bore his original name. critic. Sc.S. Brown’s real name. (Captain Rock was the name assumed by the leader of a group of Irish insurgents in 1822.S. Teddy Brown: Abraham Himmebrand (1900– 1946). Ferdinand Bruckner: Theodor Tagger (1891– 1958). Sterry Browning see Leo Grex Henry Brownrigg see Paul Prendergast Thomas Brown. Sc. Ir.

Beulah Bryant: Blooma Walton (1918–1988). Bruscambille: Jean Deslauriers (fl. She therefore looked for an alternative.1945–). first Brunton Paul.” something like English “nut. 2008].-born U. novelist.S. Eng. 1993]. Rudy Bryans: Bernard Godet (c.” Brutus: David Owen (1795–1866). her husband. Chris Bryant: Christopher Brian Spencer Dobson (1936–2008). rock musician. Bryher: Annie Winnifred Ellerman (1894– 1983). art critic. Eng. Dan Bryant: Daniel Webster O’Brien (1833– 1875). though when he was unhappy with the way directors treated his work he would use a third name.” but a New York theatrical agent told him that “Youl” . The name means “son of the hill. Welsh poet. “abrupt in the head. revealed little about his personal life. U. comic actor.” as Noel Coward put it. The novelist took her name from the island of Bryher. then Paul Brunton as a pen name” [Jeffrey Masson. an anagram of ‘Badly Rewritten’” [The Times. U.-born mystic. Ir. The actor chose to cloak his family origins in mystery. Brychan: John Davies (c. stage. Bryfdir: Humphrey Jones (1867–1947). née Blood (1857–1911).S. The writer. writer on mysticism.S. November 29. novelist. David Bryan: David Bryan Rashbaum (1962–). Fr.” from the match manufacturers. teaming with Boudleaux Bryant. near Swansea.S. My Father’s Guru. who introduced Indian mysticism to the West. and took. U. Jane Bryan: Jane O’Brien (1918–2009).S. Brunefille: [Lady] Gertrude Elizabeth Campbell. priest. songwriter. movie. Aware that there are hundreds of Welsh people named Jones.S. movie actress. Eng.” “noddle. at one time claiming that he was really Taidje Khan and of SwissJapanese parentage. movie actor.born Can. Eng. Hal Bryan: Johnson Clark (1891–1948). Paul Brunton: Raphael Hurst (1898–1981). the singer added Bryn for distinction. trombonist. this being the first syllable of his birthplace. This is the writer’s bestknown pseudonym. a city whose inhabitants are colloquially known as “Brummies. U. Winter. stage actor. Louise’s parents divorced when she was four and her mother then married Sheridan Bryant.” Williams was a hillside farmer for most of his life. teacher. Fr. Eng. James Bryce: Alexander Anderson (1862–1949). which she visited in 1919 with her intimate friend. Dora Bryan: Dora May Lawton. Rob Brydon: Robert Brydon Jones (1965–). née Scaduto (1925–2003). “Dobson adopted the name Chris Bryant as his professional showbiz name. who gave the name of the historic region of Brycheiniog and former county of Breconshire. ballet dancer. Topo (1878). Russ.1610–1634). Bryant & May.S. Carla Bruni: Carla Bruni Tedeschi (1968–). actor. but when the program arrived from the printers. U. Moore also wrote as Bernard Mara. The name alludes to Brutus. Before her marriage to Lord Colin Campbell in 1881. Georg Brunis: George Clarence Brunies (1900– 1974). screenwriter.Brune • Brynner compiler. Brunies modified his first and last names on the advice of a numerologist. The actress adopted the maiden name of her mother. the final “t” was missing and she settled for “Bryan” instead. Welsh poet. Sc. On immigrating to America in 1941. G. one of the Isles of Scilly. It. Brynamman. 80 Michael Bryan: Brian Moore (1921–1999). actor. Eng. Welsh baritone. which would at the same time suggest the original. Felice Bryant: Matilda Genevieve Bryant. Fr. Welsh preacher. Dora Broadbent’s surname was “not a name for the stage. used for the satirical tale Wil Brydydd y Coed (“Wil the Rhymester of the Woods”) (1863–65). journalist. model. actress and singer Adrienne (originally Phyllis Caroline) Brune. H. editor. black popular singer. Brynfab: Thomas Williams (1848–1927). The name appears to represent French brusque en bille. musician. Bruno de Jésus-Marie: Jacques Froissart (1892– 1962). Ir. Bradley T. U. and it is not clear why he adopted this particular name: “Evidently he was born with the name Raphael Hurst. writer on religious psychology. teaming with Allan Scott.S. singer. novelist.1784–1864). working in U. Delme Bryn-Jones: Delme Jones (1935–2001). as her stage name. he initially spelled his name “Youl Bryner. The name is that of the 5th-century saint and king Brychan. U. Welsh TV writer. Louise Bryant: Anna Louise Mohan (1885– 1936). The setter was born in Birmingham.” with bille a slang word for “head. Welsh poet. née Broadbent (1923–).D. in which the poet was born. among other writings. the legendary progenitor of the British. Yul Brynner: Yuly Borisovich Bryner (1915– 1985). Gertrude Blood used this name for a children’s story. TV comedienne. who gave her her name. stage actress. At first she selected “Bryant. writer.” Gabrielle Brune: Gabrielle Hudson (1912–).E.S.

J. Hodgkins. Presumably Aunt Annie got the nickname from the 1968 movie Charlie Bubbles. When I drank from my bottle I always blew milk bubbles” [Sunday Times Magazine. the actor respelled his name as Yul Brynner. Charlie Chaplin’s grandson explains his name: “I don’t have the Chaplin name. Hungary. Budrys used a variety of pseudonyms for magazine stories in the early years of his career. writer. crossword compiler. writer. Br. In the fashion of his time. “ox. witch. Martin Bucer: Martin Kuhhorn (1491–1551). of Lithuanian origin. Robert Marner. While working at a bowling alley. she took the nom de guerre of Lieutenant Harry T. To clarify the pronunciation. Algis Budrys: Algirdas Jonas Budrys (1931–). SF writer.1974–). of Sc. adventuress.S. Jr. Buckwheat Zydeco: Stanley Dural. Algerian tribal leader. Br. Jamaican DJ. Doubts have been expressed about the veracity of some of the exploits she de- . John A. Buddhadassa Bhikkhu: Ngeurm Panich (1906– 1993). Br. Harry T. The musician’s adopted name alludes to Jamaica’s past reputation as a pirate haven. Cuban-born U. Buffalo Bill: William Frederick Cody (1846– 1917). Buford in the Confederate army and was involved in a number of military incidents. 1988]. 1993]. meaning “turban wearer. accordion player. U. Buccaneer: Andrew Bradford (c. the theologian translated his German name (literally “cow horn”) into Greek. my father was Nicolas Sistovaris. Protestant reformer. Yul Brynner: The Inscrutable King. 1st duke of Buckingham (1592–1628) Bryullov • Buford or his son George Villiers. and he dressed the part with an eye patch and a hairstyle displaying a bleach ring.S. The founder of the woman-centered religion Dianic Wicca was born in Budapest. The Woman in Battle (1876). She finally retired from active service and became a spy. editor. so I’m really Charlie Sistovaris. showman. U. According to her widely-read autobiography. Boswell (1906–1971). writer. Bhikkhu is the title of a fully ordained monk. record album cover designer. It was Annie [his actress aunt] who first called me Charlie Bubbles.81 sounded too much like “you-all” and “Bryner” as though he was soaked in brine and pickled.1909–1983). Sublett met Ford Lee Washington. rock drummer. “horn”). The artist used this name for antifascist drawings published in the Daily Worker in the 1930s. suggesting “peck” (the action of a budgerigar. Buddug see Gweirydd ap Rhys Budgie: Peter Edward Clarke (1957–).S. a type of Afro-American accordion-led dance music from southern Louisiana. William Scarff. the year that Bryullov graduated from the St. U.S. Presumably a nickname. and Albert Stroud. editor. descent. U.Z. née Foster (1868–1931). Although my mother [Josephine] is a Chaplin.S. In 1915 they formed a vaudeville act called “Buck and Bubbles. When the Buddhist scholar became a monk.” and keras. When her husband enlisted at the outbreak of Civil War. Cody was so named by Ned Buntline because he provided buffalo meat for rail construction crews.” “slave”). “servant. Buckrose: Annie Edith Jameson. ragga musician. cartoonist. Ger. Z. 2nd duke of Buckingham (1628–1887). March 28.” presumably because the English word is suggested by letters in his real name. Barney Bubbles: Colin Fulcher (1942–1983). Buford: Loreta Janeta Velasquez (1842–?). Bufo: Peter Rhodes (1945–). The writer’s surname may be a shortening of an original longer name. Br. The leader of a tribal uprising in French Algeria in 1881 adopted his nickname. or budgie). Henrietta Buckmaster: Henrietta Henkle (c. black tapdancer. Russ.S. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts. Br crime writer. Chuck Buchanan see Fenton Brockley David Buckingham: David Hugh Villiers (1921–1962).” They worked together until Washington’s death in 1955.S. See also Lord George Sanger. painter. (1947–). Charlie Bubbles: Charles Sistovaris (1971–). then adopted the second word of his name for his special interest in zydeco. his own place of origin. Budapest: Zsuzsanna Mokcsay (1940–). Ivan Janvier. The name is pronounced “Bootser. he adopted the name Buddhadassa. with “Bucer” the latinized form of Greek boukeros (from bous. movie actor. Velasquez married a young American officer in 1856 and eloped to the U. The link between the writer’s family name and pen name was presumably suggested by the English courtier and politician George Villiers. Karl Pavlovich Bryullov: Charles Bruleau (1799– 1852).S. meaning “slave of the Buddha” (Sanskrit dasa. N. scout. taken from a Little Rascals character. pronounced “Yool Brinner” [Jhan Robbins.” Bubbles: John William Sublett (1902–1986). Eng. among them David C. The artist was of French descent and the family name was russified only in 1821. Sentry. U.E.– born Br. Hung-born U. Mohammed Bu Amama: Mohammed Hajj ben Larbi (1840–1908). perhaps from the performer’s initials.” with Sublett taking the the name “Bubbles” (a near anagram of his original name) and Washington becoming “Buck. painter. The setter’s pseudonym is Latin for “toad.” Buchan: James E. Dural first earned “Buckwheat” as a nickname. Thai Buddhist monk. novelist.

U. translator. The future author of dime novels ran away to sea as a cabin boy and at age 14 enlisted in the U. Eleanor Burford: Eleanor Alice Hibbert. he fled to Florida and assumed the name of Christopher Hagen. and Flora two years younger. where he would have encountered the maritime term that he took for his pen name. Les Nouvelles Éditions Africaines. composer. Bunthorne: Bob Smithies (1934–).born Eng. Eng. U.S. It. An early pseudonym used by the popular dramatist. poet. (A buntline is a line for restraining the loose center of a sail while it is hauled up for furling. equestrian. Wolof for “nobody wants it. U. She married a Manchester Wilson but was right to insist that her slightly more distinguished surname get on to my baptismal certificate. His artistic friends were reminded by its boldness of Michael Angelo [Michelangelo]. U. Her best-known pseudonym was Jean Plaidy. There have always been too many plain Wilsons around” [Anthony Burgess. was brought to trial in Miami in 1979. writer. Bunny: Carl Emil Schultze (1866–1939). with “Ned” a pet form of his first name.) Ned Buntline named Buffalo Bill. writer. crossword compiler. Annekatrin Bürger: Annekatrin Rammelt (1937–).. Eng. critic. The poet took his name from the poems he wrote alla burchia.S. In 1974 he began a series of some 40 murders for which he was brought to trial in 1977. Escaping from custody. An early pseudonym used by the Soviet novelist. movie actress.. Little Wilson and Big God. U. prince (“The Young Pretender”).. this was her answer. Billie Burke: Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke (1885–1970). music publisher. He subsequently murdered a 12-year-old girl. movie actress. Navy. and depicted him in his writings. in this instance when rescued by Flora Macdonald after the Battle of Culloden (1746) and taken secretly by her to the Isle of Skye disguised as her maid. stage. playwright. Burdett added the name Coutts to her own in 1837 on inheriting the fortune of the banker Thomas Coutts (1735–1822). One of the prince’s many disguise names. adventurer. Russ. and he thereupon added ‘Buonarroti’ to his name” [Dictionary of National Biography]. It. a dancer and singer . and executed ten years later. I was an official of the Colonial Office at the time. Hugo Bürger: Hugo Lubliner (1846–1911). Pol.” bülbül see Byul-Byul Kir Bulychyov: Igor Vsevolodovich Mozheyko (1934–). Ted Bundy: Theodore Robert Cowell (1946– 1989). The poet published two slim volumes of verse under this name shortly before his early death in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. David Burg: Alexander Dolberg (1933–). Ger. So I pulled the cracker of my total name and unfolded the paper hat of Anthony Burgess . Burgess explained how he came by his pen name in his autobiography: “I was christened John Burgess Wilson and was confirmed in the name of Anthony. The setter selected a pseudonym that reflected his liking for Gilbert and Sullivan operettas.S.S. novelist. The prince was 26 at the time. When I published my first novel I was forced to do so in near-disguise. Edward. The musician composed under this name as well as his real name.S. Eng. Sc. writer. . SF writer. Ned Buntline: Edward Zane Carroll Judson (1823–1886). insist she use a pseudonym for her fictionalized autobiography. Russ. John Buonarroti: John Papworth (1775–1847)... and it is even possible Velasquez never existed.. Burgess used the name Joseph Kell for One Hand Clapping (1961) and Inside Mr Enderby (1963). black blues musician. 82 Il Burchiello: Domenico di Giovanni (1404– 1449). Br. “In 1815 he produced a fine design for a ‘Tropheum’ to commemorate the victory of Waterloo.. Senegalese writer. Betty Burke: Charles Edward Stuart (1720– 1788). The writer was here simply using her maiden name. with Bunthorne a character in Patience (1881). cartoonist.. novelist. Cowell’s mother married Johnnie Bundy in 1951 and young Theodore (Ted) took his stepfather’s name. meaning in a deliberately casual fashion. serial killer. named the Beautiful Belle Burgess on music hall posters.Bugay • Burke scribes.S. lawyer. The actress adopted a colloquial form of her second name. architect. and it was regarded as improper to publish fiction under one’s own name. Douglas Bunn: Douglas Henry David Honeybunn (1928–). Michael Burgess see Samuel Edwards Trevor Burgess see Elleston Trevor Jules Burgmein: Giulio Ricordi (1840–1912). her grandfather. Ann Marie Burgess see Samuel Edwards Anthony Burgess: John Burgess Wilson (1917– 1993). Bulyga Kurtsevich: Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Fadeyev (1901–1956). When the writer’s French-language publishers. philanthropist.. Br. [Baroness] Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts: Angela Georgina Burdett (1814–1906). née Burford (1906–1993). Russ. Bumble Bee Slim: Amos Easton (1905–1968). 1986]. Ken Bugul: Marietou Mbaye (1948–). Ger. Le Baobab fou (“The Mad Baobab”) (1982). Eng. Jan Bugay: Krzystof Kamil Baczynski (1921– 1944). poet. Burgess was the maiden name of the mother I never knew .

Mitford used this name for The Adventures of Johnny Newcome in the Navy. of Jewish parentage. TV comedienne Gracie Allen (1895–1964). U. mariner. On publishing his first volume of verse.S. Jamaican rock musician. Tex Burns see Louis L’Amour Tommy Burns: Noah Brusso (1881–1955). Sheila Burnes see Lozania Prole Andreas Burnier: Catharina Irma Dessaur (1931–).83 itself that of her father. U. painter.S. when she finally became Ellen Burstyn. Du.S. 1943. of Ir.S. his second wife. The poet’s ancestors were named Campbell. Eng. The actress began her career as a model under the name Edna Rae. Sc. Katherine Burns: Katharine Hepburn (1907– 2003). and was popular among chorus girls at one time. U. Eng. movie actress. Robert Burns: Robert Burness (1759–1796). Ger. writer. Augusten Burroughs: Chris Robinson (1965–).1920–). Burton. Barrois (1904–1986). U. librettist. heavyweight boxer. She appeared as Ellen McRae in the Broadway comedy Fair Game (1957) and kept that name until the mid–1960s. aircraft designer. jazz musician. The musician took his name from that additionally adopted by Kenyan president Jomo Kenyatta for his study of the Kikuyu. the minimum required by law at that time. U. née Tilford (1869–1968). stage. from her third husband. Part of the document declared that Richard Jenkins shall “absolutely renounce and abandon the use of the surname of the parent and shall bear and . Marie Burke: Marie Holt (1894–1988). Jonathan Burn: Henry Jonas Jonathan BurnForti (1939–). When a schoolboy in Port Talbot. he became the protégé of the English teacher and school play producer Philip H.S. TV comedian. who used the full name Montague Maurice Burton.S. Aboriginal political activist. This ruled out official adoption. southern Wales. movie. As such. Rex Burns: Raoul Stephen Sehler (1935–). The actress’s regular but uncommon first name combines those of her parents. Alfred Burton: John Mitford (1782–1831). Vincent Justus Burnelli: Vincent Justus Buranelli (1895–1964). poet. Philip Burton would have adopted his pupil if it had been legally possible. crime writer. clothing manufacturer. memoirist. parentage. McClaskey (1882–1941). is said to have adopted his English name from a public house. U.S. Austral. He took it in 1904. stage. movie actress. writer. novelist. Br. from Burnhouse (a common Scottish placename meaning “house by the stream”) near Loch Etive. Ger. perhaps itself called the Montague Arms and obtaining its beer from the brewery town of Burton-on-Trent. child movie actor. Vinnie Burke: Vincenzo Bucci (1921–). Ellen Burstyn: Edna Rae Gillooly (1932–). [Sir] Montague Burton: Meshe David Osinsky (1885–1952). Malandra Burrows: Malandra Elizabeth Newman (1966–). poet. Welsh stage. teaming with U. Hepburn used this name for her first stage performance in New York. Lithuanian-born Br. The document that spelled out the change was dated December 17. They moved to Forfar.S. by “Jomo (Burning Spear) Kenyatta. divorced 1971). U. Ray Burke: Raymond N. Hermann Burte: Hermann Strübe (1879–1960). Fielding Burke: Olive Dargan. Burnum Burnum: Henry James Penrith (1936– 1997). radio. U. Instead. stage.S. George Burns: Nathan Birnbaum (1896–1996). Richard Burton: Richard Walter Jenkins (1925– 1984). U.S. The reason for the changed spelling of the designer’s surname is unknown. Another was Irving Gillette. who made the 18-year-old his legal ward and gave him his name. She was then a dancer in a Montreal nightclub as Keri Flynn before becoming Erica Dean for a screen test in the mid–1950s. stage. Facing Mount Kenya (1938). Burns adopted the familiar spelling of the surname. Malcolm and Sandra. retailer. when she appeared in Night Hostess (1928). William (Billy) Burke. U. popular singer.” Bobby Burns: Robert Müller (c. TV actress. a Poem in four Cantos (1818).S. writer. Burning Spear: Winston Rodney (1948–). movie actor. journalist. The noted businessman. U. Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (1786). but the difference between their ages was 20 days short of 21 years. Billie is a female name in its own right. Burke • Burton Henry Burr: Harry H. an agreement was drawn up between Philip Burton and the real father making the “infant” a ward until he reached the age of 21.S. jazz musician. TV actor. Jenkins showed signs of promise as an actor. Can. Eng. a circus clown. McClaskey used several pseudonyms. Her movie debut followed only four years later. The writer fashioned his new surname out of his original one. where they were known as the Campbells of Burness (a form of “Burnhouse”). stage actress. Abe Burrows: Abram Solman Borowitz (1910– 1985). Any connection between the name and the Scottish poet Robert Burns (or the Bobby Burns cocktail called after him) is unsubstantiated. Neil Burstyn (married 1960.

S.” Darcey Bussell: Marnie Crittle (1969–). stage actor. Br.S. John Crittle. Robert Byr: Karl Robert Emmerich von Bayer (1815–1902). Max Miller. McCall James Byrne: Edward William Garnett (1868– 1937).–born Ir. South Carolina. At the age of 16. T. Hence his adopted name. deserted the family when she was young. Edd Byrnes: Edward Breitenberger (1933–). a parody of T. novelist. by William Butterworth. Bygraves impersonated his idol. an English dentist. Austr. 84 the West Indies. Russ. Br. Richard Burton. The musician interprets his recording name as an African term meaning “medicine man.” A. Maltin disputes this: “Believe it or not.118). topographer. David Byron: David Garrick (1947–). with his pen name intended to be read as “my rebuttal. that he also wrote under this name and that of Patrick Kelly. ballet dancer. meaning “poor one. circus artist. Austr. Buttons later adoped the name in place of his Jewish immigrant name. movie music composer. His father was (Captain) Michael William Millicent Lafone and his mother (Lady) Elizabeth Alice Lafone. stage. Scarlett O’Hara’s third husband in Margaret Mitchell’s novel Gone With the Wind (1936). writer on military subjects. and thereafter assumed his first name. The writer came from a needy family. so was nicknamed after these two distinctive features. TV entertainer. Br. A name presumably suggested by that of Rhett Butler. U. Butler see Max Brand Hilda Butsova: Hilda Boot (c.S. ringmaster.S. Julian Byng: Julian Michael Edmund Lafone (1928–). The writer used this name for The Sweeniad (1958). Jamaican prime minister. sister of novelist Margaret Drabble (1939–). Clark William Butterworth: Henry Schroeder (1774– 1853). Walter Busterkeys see Liberace The Busy-Body: Benjamin Franklin (1706– 1790). poet. Br. he took his stage name not from his hair. scientist. Belorussian writer. U. He adopted the name William Alexander Bustamante by deed poll in 1943 when forming the Jamaica Labour Party in order to avoid disqualification from nomination as a candidate under a name that was not legally his. Franklin used the name for articles written in 1728. Eng. Clarke.” Red Buttons: Aaron Chwatt (1919–2006).P. TV comedian. U. Br. For this job he had to wear a uniform with 48 brass buttons.1897–1976).S. aged 17 (and having lied about his age to enlist). Allbeury was so prolific. 1981]. U. Africa. On his first night in the Royal Air Force. [Sir] Alexander Bustamante: William Alexander Clarke (1884–1977). He had red hair. Eliot. who drew up the Bustamante Code dealing with international private law. TV actress. thriller writer. Gary Bushell see Craig Brown Bushman: Dwight Duncan (1973–). . Eng. The dancer’s Australian father. Eng. novelist. Myra Buttle: Victor William Williams Saunders Purcell (1896–1965). racehorse breeder. A “Russian” form of the English name. who in accordance with her father’s will resumed her maiden name of Byng by deed poll in the same year that her son took that name. novelist. Eng. author of books on China. writer. and her mother renamed her Darcey to erase all traces of the name Marnie Crittle. Byatt: [Dame] Antonia Susan Byatt. Schroeder used this name for his engravings and for his written work Three Years’ Adventures of a Minor in England. literary adviser. Walter C. née Drabble (1936–). philosopher. Eng. went to New York in 1932 in the guise of a Spanish gentleman named Alejandro Bustamante. the son of an Irish planter father and Jamaican mother. Her new surname was that of her stepfather. Richard Buxton: Edward Shanks (1892–1953). juvenile TV actor. Byng assumed his new surname by deed poll in 1952 in place of his original name. Jamaican DJ. but from the uniform he wore as a bellboy!” (p.S. dancer. Evelyn Byrd see J. and Georgia. Chwatt was a singing bellhop at Dinty Moore’s City Island Tavern in the Bronx. The name itself was that of the Cuban lawyer and politican Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirvén (1865–1951). Eng. rock musician.Bushe • Byron use the surname of the adopter and shall be held out to the world and in all respects treated as if he were in fact the child of the adopter” [Paul Ferris. Phillip Bussell. Brett Butler: Brett Anderson (1958–). Richard Butler: Theodore Edward Le Bouthillier Allbeury (1917–2005). statesman. Christine Busta: Christine Dimt (1915–1987).S. Engraver (1822). Nathan Butt see Rev. engraver. Donn Byrne: Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne (1889– 1928). writer. at one time producing four novels a year. Eng. ballerina. Zmitrok Byadulya: Samuil Yefimovich Plavnik (1886–1941). John Byron: John Heanley (1912–). Max Bygraves: Walter William Bygraves (1922–). U. movie. Bretton Byrd: James Thomas Byrd (1904– 1959). Aleksandr Borisovich Bushe: Aleksandr Ksenofontovich Gnusov (1882–1970). Br.

née Böhl de Faber y Larrea (1796–1877). thereby incidentally creating the woman’s name Vanessa.S.) The same name. It has thus been suggested that the name may be an anagram of Swift’s coded phrase Cad Es Vn. with the new surname punning on the original (a burn is a brook). The writer took his name from the location in Flintshire where he was born. Fernán Caballero: Cecilia Francesca de Arrom. black rapper. E. Byul-Byul: Martuza Rza ogly Mamedov (1897– 1961). Welsh lexicographer. Gent. rock singer. also that of his company. Marion Byron: Miriam Bilenkin (1911–1985). politician. movie actress. from the local word for a wild duck from the wetlands of the Camargue. This one was the pastoral poet. The singer’s name means “bulbul.” a songbird of the thrush family. Jewish parentage. verse writer. Cachao: Israel Cachao López (1918–2008). journalist. He used the name Cadenus for his poem Cadenus and Vanessa (1713) addressed to Esther Vanhomrigh. writer. C see Mr. Eng. in 1699. screenwriter. meaning “familiar spirit of Es[ther] Van[homrigh]. U. Irving Cæsar: Isidor Keiser (1895–1996).85 Kathleen Byron: Kathleen Elizabeth Fell (1921– 2009). The poet took his bardic name from his native village of Llangadfan. cartoonist.” Cadfan: John Davies (1846–1923). Boyd Cable: Ernest Andrew Ewart (1878–1943). It.S. poet. off our backs. Cuban-born U. Melanie C: Melanie Jayne Chisholm (1974–). bassist. Lord Melcombe (1691–1762).” and rhawd. fashion designer. Eng. near his hometown of Nîmes. Byron • Caffarelli Jean Cacharel: Jean Bousquet (1932–). founded in 1962. “course. The stylist adopted his new name. where the parish church is dedicated to the 6th-century St. The antiquarian’s bardic name means literally “battle troop. Ewart was a tireless traveler and sea voyager. of Ir. U. she says: “I took it as a pen name when my family suffered for my outspoken opinions” [bülbül.” from Welsh cad.S. otherwise Melanie Janine Brown.S. Port. Sp. U. Cabu: Jean Cabut (1938–). distinctive name in order not to be confused with either pop musician Roy Hamilton or singer Ray Charles. Mel B. novelist. Hammond adopted this short. U. as António Mora who speculated on metaphysics and Alexander Search who wrote only in English. Welsh folklorist. movie actor.) Some authorities claim that Swift wrote the poem before he became a dean. Alberto Caeiro: Fernando Pessoa (1888–1935). Given the nature of the role of Sister Ruth. so that his assumed name may pun on “buoyed cable. folk musician. movie actress.S. (Turkish bülbül. the actress changed her name “after it was suggested that her surname made it sound as though she had taken a tumble. U. in its lowercase form bülbül.” a pet form of Esther. Famous for her scene-stealing performance as the sexually frustrated nun Sister Ruth in Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger’s 1947 movie Black Narcissus. movie actor. Susan Cabot: Harriet Shapiro (1927–1986). pamphleteer. Patrick’s Cathedral. U. . January 21. July 1984]. descent. movie actor.” Swift had become dean of St. lyricist. Caffarelli: Gaetano Majorano (1710–1783). movie actress.” is a name imitating the bird’s warbling song. Can.” “troop. “nightingale. Caerfallwch: Thomas Edwards (1779–1858). Cadenus: Jonathan Swift (1667–1745). An asexual pen name. Br. the singer was formerly familiar as one of the four Spice Girls. (Swift formed the name from the first three letters of “Vanhomrigh” plus “Essa. The name is one of the four “heteronyms” (as he called them) that the poet created to represent the different aspects of his work. Br. hence his common nickname of “Dean” Swift. Of her own use of the name. satirist. aptly for a rap artist. The initial distinguished her from another member. novelist. Montgomeryshire (now Powys). retaining the writer’s initials. Robin Cade see Andrew York Cadence Weapon: Roland Pemberton (1986–). “battle. of Fr.” Bruce Cabot: Jacques Étienne Pelissier de Bujac (1904–1972). of Rom.S. Azerbaijani opera singer. army officer. Eng. The name appears to denote a kind of rhythmic onslaught. it was remarkably appropriate” [The Times. Cee Roy C: Roy Charles Hammond (1943–). The name is an anagram of Latin decanus “dean. Cadfan. 2009]. and the symbolist Fernando Pessoa himself. Fr. It has been suggested that the heteronymity was not a deliberate literary device but a symptom of multiple personality disorder. pop singer. Welsh poet. Dublin. in which case a different interpretation is needed. feminist cartoonist Genny Pilgrim. Cadrawd: Thomas Christopher Evans (1846– 1918).S. Walter Byron: Walter Butler (1899–1972). descent. Eng. cleric. the futurist Álvaro de Campos. There were also less prominent personae. who points out that in Middle Eastern poetry a bülbül is a bird of protest. Mr. Fairfax Byrrne: Emma Frances Brooke (1844–1926). As Mel C.-Sp. of Ger. Fr.” George Cadwalader. The others were the classicist Ricardo Reis.: George Bubb Dodington. It. James Caan: James Cahn (1939–).S. parentage. was adopted by the U.

née Shepherd (1945–1995). “curlew”) and Daniel Douglas. TV actor. but only after being Sunny Smith for three weeks. It. that’s a dress firm. writer. Then in 1954 he was cast for a part as a prison guard in a live televised version of Anouilh’s play The Lark. Malcolm Stringer: “I wasn’t Marti Caine at that stage. The matador adopted the name of his horse.” based on his surname. Br. criminal. ‘Fourth line down. The actor probably formed his new name from the second half of his original surname. ‘Why? It looks good. Malc came across: ‘Tomato cane — that’ll do. working in U.’ We took a book from a shelf. I thought: That’s it. folk-art authority.’ He said..Cafu • Caine singer.’ I said: ‘Cahn and Caplan. Nicolas Cage: Nicholas Kim Coppola (1964–). movie. still agonizing over this name — and suddenly I looked up and there it stood in great big red neon lights outside the Odeon .S. The actor’s choice may have been further motivated by the movie title as a whole. He had changed his name once. From now on I’ll be Cahn with a C.. Kahn and Kaplan. 1975].. and finally decided the only way I could relax was to go to the pictures. The male mezzosoprano took his name from that of Caffaro. Now he had to go through the whole trauma all over again. Holger Cahill: Sveinn Kristján Bjarnarson (1887– 1960). 1990].K. ‘It doesn’t look good at all. Eng. The footballer was so nicknamed because of his speed as he ran up and down the right flank. “The fact that he must have responded sympathetically to the social resonance of the word mutiny could bring us back to .K. and told his agent that they already had a Michael Scott on their files and that he must find a new name immediately. Her partner and stepsister was Marcel Moore. you’re built like one.’ and so on until. Afterwards I went across the square to the Forte’s coffee bar next to the Ritz. It’s strong and sharp. When I arrived at the club. his new first name suggested by his regular nickname “Mick. [Sir] Michael Caine: Maurice Joseph Micklewhite (1933–). I was Zoe Bond. as Marti Caine. But Equity. Icelandic-born U. Mexican bullfighter.. stage actor. I found I was billed . U. I Should Care. I’ll be Caplan with a C. The entertainer chose her new name in the late 1960s with the help of her first husband. photographer. composer Saul Chaplin..S. ‘All the names anyone could ever think about galloped through my mind . came by their names: “When I saw the names on that first copy of [their song] ‘Rhythm Is Our Business’— Kahn. heard about it. U.. Arise. Channel Islands. which happened to be a gardening book. Eng.. with whom she shares a grave in Jersey.’ ‘O.’ He bristled and said.. The niece of writer Marcel Schwob and greatniece of orientalist David Léon Cahun settled on a genderless name after earlier calling herself Claude Courlis (French courlis. I spent the day wandering around the West End [in London]. Cahn tells how he and his friend. I liked it” [Marti Caine. 86 Marti Caine: Lynne Denise Ives. Mafia informer. Alessandro. Page thirty four. The Caine Mutiny was playing at the Odeon.— page seventy-six.. and grown quite attached to Michael Scott. and this time it would have to be a name that stuck. then still Saul Kaplan.. earlier Stringer. adventurer. friend of Oscar Wilde. Henry Caine: Henry Hawken (1888–1962).S. transexual artist. Brazilian fotballer. “Michael spent the day in turmoil. Christopher Cain: Bruce Doggett (1943–). conte di Cagliostro: Giuseppe Balsamo (1743–1795). that’s still a dress firm. movie director. Joe Cago: Joseph Valachi (1903–1971). Call yourself Marta Cane.. Leicester Square. Equity confirmed that they had no Michael Caine on their books. taking it from two distinctive Cages: black comicbook hero Luke Cage and idiosyncratic composer John Cage (1912–1992). Claude Cahun: Lucie Renée Matilde Schwob (1894–1954). The actor adopted his new name to avoid any invidious comparison with his uncle. I didn’t want to be a ‘Julie Rose’ or a ‘Cindy Summers.. U. ‘O. After considering Nic Blue and Nic Faust. comedienne. he settled on Cage. movie actor. Brazilian footballer. A Coward’s Chronicles. TV singer. Cagancho: Joaquín Rodríguez Ortega (1903– 1984). the latter after Lord Alfred Douglas (1870–1945).’ I wanted a name like Kiki Dee or Dusty Springfield and didn’t feel ‘Zoe Bond’ was quite ‘it.. director Francis Ford Coppola (1939–). The Caine Mutiny. Kaplan — I said to him: ‘You’re going to have to change your name. That’s the name. To his relief. U.. second word along. I was sitting in there having a cup of tea and a cigarette. ‘Why don’t you change your name?’ I: ‘That’s fair.’ ‘Greenfly. screenwriter.’ He: ‘Okay. his teacher in Bari. like that of Cafutinga.S. Sammy Cahn: Samuel Kahn (or Cohen) (1913– 1993). bored with the game. Fr. The actor first played bit parts as Michael Scott. magician. 2000].’ I rang the club I was appearing at and informed the Con-Sec that Marta Cane would be appearing in place of Zoe Bond who was ill.’ Malc turned to the required page.’ I said. charlatan. Cafutinga: Moacir Fernandes (1948–1991). Cafu: Marcos Evangelista de Moraes (1970–). That’s the one for me’” [William Hall. the actors’ union. From now on its Cahn and Chaplin’” [Sammy Cahn. movie lyricist. Sir Michael Caine.S.S.

It. or to what extent she wished to be associated with the contemporary novelist. The story goes that whenever anyone asked his identity. It. and named for that state by his first manager.” to a competition in the magazine Nation. theologian. who took the name Thomas on entering the Dominican order in 1484. Calixtus III: Alfonso de Borja (Borgia) (1378– 1458). plainsman. The novelist also wrote as Max Reiner and Marcus Holland. Charles Calhoun: Jesse Stone (1901–1999). Welsh poet. It is ironic that such an agreeable name should come to be adopted by such a willful despot. Erskine Caldwell.1050–1124). U.” His son. née Cannary (or Canary) (1852–1903). The poet. “When I Was a Maiden. novelist. Caju: Francisca Jülia (1871–1920). His new surname came from a contraction of his first two names. “Caine hit the jackpot. Milner was born in Kentucky but moved to California with his bride following his marriage in 1850. short-story writer. The placename itself literally means “hard hill. “Jane” has long been a nickname for a woman. in favor of a name that was neither obviously masculine nor feminine. (The poem won first prize but was not published because it was regarded as too “advanced. popular heroine of the West. It. It is not clear whether Caldwell wished to disguise her sex. Clinch Calkins: Marion Clinch Calkins (1895– 1968).87 psychoanalysis if we let it” [Telegraph Sunday Magazine. Aleksandrs Caks: Aleksandrs Cadarainis (1902– 1950). on submitting a poem. Calhoun was billed as Frank McCown. Calamity Jane was a colorful character who wore men’s clothes. U. The writer dropped her first name. S. jazz musician. The English form of the name was adopted centuries later by Little Boots. a sequel to J. Gaeta (in Roman times Caieta). California. Ettore Calcolona: Carlo Celano (1617–1673). movie actor. writer. Moyra Caldecott: Olivia Brown (1927–). Burk was a prostitute in various frontier towns. is to change your surname to something such as ‘Fantastic’ now)” [The Times. novelist. Taylor Caldwell: Janet Miriam Taylor Reback. pop music arranger. U. a portrait painter.” “the noblest” (literally “the most beautiful”). later McCown (1922–1999). Roman emperor. his first name from the city of St. U. came to be known from his birthplace. Randy California: Randolph Craig Wolfe (1951– 1997). Milner would say he was called “Joe” and that he came from California.S. It is uncertain how he actually acquired the name. having featured (in a much more attractive guise) in dime novels of the 1870s and 1880s. poet.S. and many other Hollywood stars. The name itself derives from Greek kallistos. The musician was raised in Los Angeles.” and was the pet name given to Gaius Caesar by his father’s soldiers when he ran around the camp as a young boy. carried a gun.A.S. Salinger’s classic novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951).” It first appeared in print only in 1928. indulged in drinking sprees.-born U. Eng. Calixtus II: Guido di Borgogna (c. The actor’s new name was created by Henry Willson.S. Rory Calhoun: Francis Timothy Durgin.S.S. The actor was obliged to adopt a stage name under pressure from his uncle. writer. who also named Rock Hudson. who regarded the profession as shameful. 2002]. The name means “Little Boots. it was Scribner’s vice president Maxwell Perkins who suggested Caldwell’s book Dynasty of Death (1938) would sell better if she dropped the feminine “Janet” and used “Taylor Caldwell” as her pen name. all the way from ‘Caine mutiny’ and ‘Caine is able’ to ‘Caine toad’ (the lesson here.” Hence her nickname.D. Tab Hunter. especially a distinctive or disreputable one. California Joe: Moses Embree Milner (1829– 1876). army scout. for aspiring actors. December 24. pope. rock musician. U. In his earliest movies of the mid– 1940s. Sp.S. was known as Ab Caledfryn (“son of Caledfryn”).) . According to legend. Swe. one of Caine’s biographers. took his bardic name from the location where he lived.S. Brazilian poet. which became the name by which she is generally known today. Chas Chandler. and generally prophesied “doom and gloom. Popes of this name are also known as Callistus. writer of fantasy fiction. U. John David California: Fredrik Colting (1976–). a Nonconformist minister. “the best. Caligula: Gaius Julius Caesar (AD 12–41). central Italy. 1982]. Latvian poet. Calamity Jane: Martha Jane Burk. movie actor. May 9. Louis. pope. Caledfryn: William Williams (1801–1869). because it meant that newspaper sub-editors had a deep vein of headlines that they could mine. Rod Caley see Fenton Brockley Cajetan • Calkins Louis Calhern: Carl Henry Vogt (1895–1956). if at all. Colting adopted his American name as author of 60 Years Later: Coming through the Rye (2009). The scholar. Cajetan (or Gaetano): Giacomo de Vio (1469– 1534). née Caldwell (1900–1985). remarked that by changing his name from Maurice Micklewhite. bass player of the Animals. A name created from the last syllable of the writer’s first name and the first of her surname. Anne Billson. U. stage.

S. on the Preliminaries of Peace (1814).” evolved from the nickname he was given as a child. she intimated. Eng. editor.” Joseph Calleia: Joseph Alexander Herstall Vincent Spurin-Calleja (1897–1975). pamphleteer. née Webber (1893–1949). Victor Francis Calverton: George Goetz (1900– 1940). U. “beauty” + makhomai. Landor used this name. descent. novelist. Michael Callan: Martin Calinieff (1935–). Sc. from kallos. Charles Stuart Calverley: Charles Stuart Blayds (1831–1884). TV actress. Camarón de la Isla: José Monge Cruz (1951– 1992). The author also wrote as Neil Gordon. U. Because the boy had a pale complexion. classicist. movie actor. parentage. Jr. Fr. The actress is said to have selected Calvert as she felt it “had a sort of ring to it. when he became 21 and of full age.S. Corinne Calvet: Corinne Dibos (1925–2001). Henry Calvin: (1) Wimberly Calvin Goodman. Rod Cameron: Nathan Roderick Cox (1910– 1983). Hodges. (2) Fisher Ames (1758–1808). John Cameron: Archibald Gordon Macdonell (1895–1941). Il Calmeta: Vincenzo Colli (c. Milan. The writer adopted a pseudonym to protect his job as a public-school teacher on publishing the first issue of the Modern Quarterly in 1923. where the setter was born. Maltese-born U. humanist. banker. U. 1st Lord Baltimore (?1580–1632). The scholar adopted a Greek equivalent of his name. Eng. his uncle likened him to the big shrimp in the waters around the island of San Fernando. somewhat late in life. Sp.) Although obviously based on the family name. breeder. poet. his birth town. The actress used this name for her first movie. Calvus: Walter Savage Landor (1775–1864). Elizabeth Cambridge: Barbara K.S. working in U. Camille: Camille Dalmais (1978–).S. U. Shepperton Babylon. The singer’s stage name. and whose interest in her. the singer’s parents legally changed the family name to Callas. opera singer. racehorse owner. When a Girl’s Beautiful (1947). theologian. author. Callimaco: Filippo Buonaccorsi (1437–1496). née Kalogeropoulos (1923–1977). movie. Calverley’s father was the Rev. U. financier. [Sir] Henry Calley: Henry Algernon Langton (1914–1997).” “Her professional surname was inherited from a photog- 88 rapher who took some shots of her [as a young dancer] in her ballet gear. where he was born.Call • Camillus Calkins subsequently wrote humorous poems for the New Yorker under the name Majollica Wattles. U.S. opera singer.1460–1508). Phyllis Calvert: Phyllis Bickle (1915–2002). meaning “island shrimp. Maria Callas: Sophia Cecilia Anna Meneghini. of Ger. movie actor. and the Parliament. Fr. It. the Roman soldier and statesman who saved Rome from the Gauls and who was instrumental in securing the pas- . Born in Baltimore. It. parodist.1336). The scholar changed his name to Camerarius because his ancestors had been chamberlains (German Kammerer) to the bishops of Bamberg. The dancer adopted her Spanish mother’s maiden name as her professional name. Sc. Calmac: Michael Macdonald-Cooper (1941–). crossword compiler. Ger.S. The pseudonym refers both to the popular short name for the CaledonianMacBrayne ferry service in western Scotland. statesman. parentage. southwestern Spain. Camillus: (1) Alexander Hamilton (1755–1804). The poet assumed the ancient name in 1852. writer. In 1974. the stud manager adopted his mother’s maiden name. and to his own real name. orator. movie comedian. Marie Anne Camargo: Marie Anne Cupis de Camargo (1710–1770). short-story writer. Both men adopted the name of Camillus.S. humanist. socialist writer. pop singer. “to fight” (Italian buona. Can. Fr. (Maria was actually registered at her birth in New York City as Sophie Cecilia Kalos. movie actress. and a descendant of the old Yorkshire family of Calverley. Eng. 2005]. Peggy Call: Peggy Castle (1926–1973). The scholar is said to have taken the name by which he became known from the figure of a shepherd in Boccaccio’s prose romance Filocolo (c. or one of his descendants. of Gk. Emma Calvé: Rosa-Noémie Emma Calvet de Roquer (1858–1942). political writer. “to run up”). (2) Clifford Leonard Clark Hanley (1922–1999). As Greeks. Maryland. “good” + accorsi.S. it is possible her parents saw the name as a near anagram of La Scala. (1918–1975). Joachim Camerarius: Joachim Liebhard (1500– 1574). too. statesman. Latin for “bald. Italy’s leading opera house. Phyllis Bickle was requested to change her name by movie producer Herbert Wilcox.S. Br. it seems likely that Calverton based his adopted surname on that of George Calvert. movie actor.” for Letters Addressed to Lord Liverpool. Sc. dancer. was not entirely professional” [Matthew Sweet. mystery writer. Eng. flamenco singer. of Sp. U. In 1926. movie actress. playwright. stage. It. ballet dancer. novelist. they would have made an association with Greek kallos. crime. her lengthy surname abbreviated by the immigration authorities when her parents arrived in New York earlier that year. Henry Blayds. a name that was shorter and easier to pronounce in an English-speaking land. “beauty. Robert Calvi: Gian Roberto Calvini (1920– 1982). Belg.

November 2. dramatist. Henry Higgins was the only Englishman to have qualified as a matador in the Spanish bullring. née Stuart (1839–1918). working in U. Now officially Georgia Arianna. Can. Campbell: Ruthven Todd (1914–1978). Colonel John Campbell. Times Literary Supplement. a pseudonym which she first enjoyed hiding behind and then later came to identify with. poet. mentalist. Cristina Campo: Vittoria Guerrini (1924–1977). writer. bullfighter. historian. “The commander-in-chief cried out. Herbert Edward Campbell: Herbert Edward Story (1844–1904). “Cristina Campo’s name. The writer’s father died soon after he was born. movie actress. poet. music-hall artist. Br.T. screenwriter. September 13. Caminer • Canasta R. though she opted for a pseudonym partly to mark her independence from him” [Peter Hainsworth.-born N. The actress was always known by her husband’s name.born magician. review of Cristina De Stefano.. mother of movie actress Jane Birkin (1946–). including Unholy Dying (1945). In the bullfighting tradition. Br. The Spanish themselves usually referred to him as just el Inglés./Fr. introducing measures in favor of the rights of the plebeians. Louise Campbell: Louise Weisbecker (1915–).. [Lady] Colin Campbell: George William Ziadie. 2002]. TV actress. stage. the daughter of Maestro Guido Guerrini. comedies. It means “glens. Belinda e il mostro: Vita segreta di Cristina Campo (“Beauty and the Beast: Secret Life of Cristina Campo”). James Robert Campbell. novelist. Molly Campbell see Dair Alexander Mrs. “the Englishman. Bernardo Canal.S. working in Spain. Such valleys are a feature of the countryside around Bogotá. née Tanner (1865–1940). reformer.S.. essayist. Sc. Cañadas: Henry Higgins (1944–1978). another of the clan!’ and a note was made of his name as Colin Campbell./ Native American ancestry.” “narrow valleys” (related to English “canyon”).” It is uncertain how the painter came to acquire this version of his surname. his uncle checked him and told him that Campbell was a good name to fight under” [Dictionary of National Biography]. . she was able to apply for a new passport which gave her gender as female” [The Independent. who paid for his education and when he was 15 introduced him to the Duke of York as a suitable army officer. The writer. Br. The future field marshal adopted the name of his maternal uncle. Sp. Pol.” Chan Canasta: Chananel Mifelew (1921–). Br. She was brought up as George William. (1949–). novelist. It. It. Patrick Campbell: Beatrice Stella Campbell.Z. stage actress. The writer adopted her mother’s maiden name (her existing middle name) as a pen name for some of her fiction in the 1860s and in 1877 assumed it legally. “Lady Colin Campbell’s original passport had described her as male because she was born with a cosmetic malformation and mistakenly registered as a boy at birth. and when the boy was about to protest. screen. where Higgins was born. movie director.S. pianist. as he was not noticeably small. The artist’s adopted name means “little Canal. who publishes under her (titled) married name. Álvaro de Campos see Alberto Caeiro Walter Camryn: Walter Cameron (1903–1984). The British prime minister (1905–08) added his mother’s maiden name of Bannerman to his own in 1872 under the will of her brother. but even so a distinctive stage name. children’s writer.S. humorist. Eng. Tanner eloped when she was 19 to marry Patrick Campbell. originally Gamble. Colombia. U. Helen Stuart Campbell: Helen Campbell Weeks. Maria Campbell: June Stifle (1940–). Not really a pseudonym. a theatrical scene painter. so that the Italian diminutive suffix -etto more or less equated to “Jr. She adored her father. underwent a sex change operation. playwright Joseph Arthur Campbell. Aline Campbell: Merle Montgomery (1904– 1986). [Sir] Henry Campbell-Bannerman: Henry Campbell (1836–1908). David Caminer: David Treisman (1915–2008). née Gamble (1916– 2004). Sc. U. Colombian-born Eng. writer. Achille Campanile: Gino Cornabò (1900– 1977). Todd used this name for a number of detective novels.S. Mario Camus: Mario Camus Garcia (1935–). like much else about her. writer. [Sir] Colin Campbell: Colin MacLiver (1792– 1863). was her own creation. U. of course.” Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal (1697– 1768). a London businessman. of Sc. he adopted a Spanish ring name. soldier.89 sage of the so-called Licinian laws. Eng. ‘What. computer software designer. and he assumed the name of his stepfather. Giovanni often assisted his father in his work.S. U. Eng. Judy Campbell: Judy Birkin. Walter Stanley Campbell: Walter Stanley Vestal (1887–1957). children’s writer. Possibly it was to distinguish him from his father. composer. but at 21 had corrective surgery and was issued with a new birth certificate. writer of brief novels. whom his mother married in 1896. 1997]. politician. painter. U. The actress adopted the surname assumed by her father. Henry Bannerman. But for her friends throughout her life she also remained Vittoria Guerrini. It. ballet dancer. Sarah Campion: Mary Rose Coulton (1906–).

movie actor. Cantu: Abraham J. is a form of the original that can be read in English as “Monty can’t sing. both words of the name were easy to pronounce. 1985]. The performer developed a routine that was a blend of gibberish. Effie Canning : Effie Carlton. Eddie altered the spelling of his name to “Cantor” on entering show business in 1911. Cannon is the bigger and older of the two. née Crockett (1857–1940). U. when he was publishing his work as simply André. Meta Kantrowitz. Charles Cannell: Evelyn Charles Vivian (1882– 1947). Eng. teaming with Bobby Ball. Cantinflas: Mario Moreno Reyes (1911–1993). TV comedian. formerly Lancashire welders. June 1– 7. working in social clubs and cabaret. composer. At age 15 Effie Crockett composed her famous song “Rock a bye baby. Hung. detective stories. 90 Jewish parentage. photographer. devised a different name. For The Black Candle (1922). judge. U. of Russ.-born U. Macnaghten (1912–1979). Mark Canfield see Melville Crossman Denis Cannan: Denis Pullein-Thompson (1919–). Jamaican DJ.S. so he and his girlfriend Gerda Pohorylle (later Gerda Taro). The two men. supposedly the name of an already successful American photographer who was so rich that he refused to sell his photos at normal prices. They changed their joint name to “Cannon and Ball” for an appearance on the TV talent show Opportunity Knocks in 1973. who arranged her first screen test.S. who in 1936 starred as the lover of Greta Garbo in Camille. Blu Cantrell: Tiffanie Cobb (1975–).” but this name was subsequently anglicized as “Isidore Kanter” by a school official. and in particular from Robert Taylor. bullfighter. Cannon” [TV Times. and later officially changed it by deed poll. and the name was perfect for a stateless person. stage. U.” Janey Canuck: Emily Gowan Murphy. And when the newly christened Capa went to Spain. The entertainer was orphaned at the age of three and raised by his grandmother. and pantomime. André (Endre) himself claimed that “Robert” came from the movies. Hence his Spanish name. “I see something explosive. Mexican illusionist. In a .S. U.S. Edward Candy: Barbara Alison Neville (1925–). from a contraction of a heckler’s call: “En la cantina tu inflas!” (“You talk big in the barroom!”). a book about narcotics. Canutt began his career as a rodeo rider. Yakima Canutt: Enos Edard Canutt (1895– 1986). Terry Cantor: K. Icho Candy: Winston Evans (c. and “Capa” looked like any nationality. movie comedian. Freddy Cannon: Frederick Anthony Picariello (1940–).S. who helped him promote this work.E. U. movie actress. Cuban-born U. but also tell American editors that the photographer was French.Candido • Capa Candido: Candido Camero de Guerra (1921–). Eng. The adopted name.S. Hans Canon: Johann von Puschka-Straschiripka (1829–1886). rock musician.1964–). The story goes that that one day he looked at her and exclaimed. such as The Impressions of Janey Canuck Abroad (1901) and Janey Canuck in the West (1910). Monty Cantsin: Maris Kundzins (1942–).S. Tommy Cannon: Thomas Darbyshire (1938–).” as it were).-born U.” published in 1884 under this pseudonym. This ambiguity appealed to André. photographer. entertainer.S. with Ball his “feed” (providing his “ammunition. painter. “Canuck” is a nickname for a Canadian. He adopted it to hide his identity from his family when he began working in variety in 1930. in many languages. who registered him as “Israel Kantrowitz. U. brother of Robert Capa. née Ferguson (1868–1933). R&B singer. jazz musician. Eng. stage actress. Gerda could thus tell French editors that Capa was American. coined in 1978 by critic David Zack. Either way. reggae musician. Cantu (1896–1949). first performed as the Harper Brothers (after Ball’s real name). playwright. Austr. Curt Cannon see Evan Hunter Dyan Cannon: Samille Diane Friesen (1937–). He felt that this made him sound like a hairdresser. Can. writer of adventure. director. as did the fact that he was actually confused with the Hollywood director. The actress was given her new name by writer-producer Jerry Ward. the author was Judge Murphy. and Janey Canuck was the name of the writer’s first heroine in a number of popular books. journalist. The name itself was arbitrary in origin.” Cornell Capa: Kornel Friedmann (1918–2008). essayist. mispronunciation. double-talk.S. This was Robert Capa. movie stuntman. Br. The artist translated the Slavic first part of his surname to the French equivalent (English “cannon”). Latvian poet. Friedmann adopted his new name in 1936. Eddie Cantor: Edward Israel Iskowitz (1892– 1964).S. comedian. Robert Capa: Endre Ernö Friedmann (1913– 1954). Terrific. when he gained his nickname as one of Washington state’s “Yakima Riders. Mexican circus clown. his surname sounded conveniently Spanish. Br. Bang. although some sources say he adopted the name in admiration of movie director Frank Capra (1897–1991). working in U. Hung. however. novelist. The writer adopted his mother’s maiden name as his pen name. singer.

for Captain Coe see Captain Coe. Austral.S. cartoonist. 1991]. When he was 13. For names beginning thus. but this time it didn’t cause anyone any pain” [Richard Whelan.S.-born Austral. Jamaican rapper.” Capleton: Clifton George Bailey III (1967–). 1987]. working in U. U. “The celebrated Reuchlin. playing the fool on an airplane trip to France with his punk group. The smart-thinking musician was nicknamed after a lawyer in his hometown and adopted the name. Doolan. see the following surname. The setter seems to have devised his pseudonym from letters in his surname. the Younger Captain Sensible: Raymond Burns (1957–). humanist. U. The Captain and Tennille: Daryl Dragon (1942–). Caper: Jeff Pearce (1957–). a lazy and belligerent working-class antihero created by cartoonist Reg Smythe. And someone said: ‘Oh. jazz drummer.. Frankie Capp: Frank Cappucio (1931–). outlaw. Captain Thunderbolt: Frederick Ward (1835– 1870).. pop singer. Van Vliet moved with his family from Los Angeles to Lancaster. Capnio: Johannes Reuchlin (1455–1522). The creator of Li’l Abner adopted “Capp” as his legal name in 1949. “bigheaded. I thought it would last five minutes. U. etc. U. clergyman. rock musician + Catheryn Antoinette Cape • Car (“Toni”) Tennille (1953–). 1999]. then his classmate at Antelope Valley High School.S. considered it more dignified to smoke in Greek by the name of Capnio [from kapnos. February 3. Capa wrote: “I am working under a new name. movie actress.. Captain Moonlite: Andrew George Scott (1842–1880). Car: Robert Frederick Goodwin Churchill (1910–). California. “Captain Beefheart came from the beef in my heart about people stealing the land and covering it over. with “caper” also describing a tricky crossword. “smoke”]” [D’Israeli. stage. Al Capp: Alfred Gerald Caplin (1909–1979). Eng. e. Fr. Wolfgang Fabricius Capito: Wolfgang Fabricius Köpfel (1478–1541). so we could keep signing on the DHSS [Department of Health and Social Security]. capito. model. fashion designer.” [Patrick O’Farrell. Captain Beef heart: Don Van Vliet (1941–). for Captain George North see Captain George North.S. They call me Robert Capa.S. movie actress. Caprice: Caprice Bourret (1974–).” He later admitted that he would have preferred a more macho name. it’s Captain Fucking Sensible. Jamaican reggae musician. Truman Capote: Truman Streckfus Persons (1924–1984). Eng. 1985].K. Robert Capa: A Biography. from the beef in my heart about the way people treat animals” [Storm Thorgerson and Peter Curzon. nicknamed him. excepting those below. Dragon was dubbed “Captain Keyboard” because of the naval officer’s cap he invariably wore on stage. U. A later account is more specific: “I had got a shirt with epaulettes. but I’m lumbered with Captain Sensible” [Observer Magazine. Kate Capshaw: Katherine Susan Nail (1953–). reformer. The former studio engineer adopted the name of the British comic-strip character Andy Capp (punning on “handicap”). England’s Dreaming. crossword compiler. Its origins are somewhat vague. Captain Rock see Thomas Brown. p.S. Judith Cape: Patricia Kathleen Page (1916–). Ir. “something like Duane Zenith or Bert Powerhouse. a derivative (strictly speaking a diminutive) of Kopf. his wife. pop singer. Ger. The scholar is now in fact usually known by his real name. “head. illustrator. Ger. Captain Moonlite. novelist.91 letter to his mother soon after. Captain . Eng. The humanist adopted a Latin equivalent.S. which in German signifies smoke [modern Rauch].-born Can. One could almost say that I’ve been born again. Ally Capellino: Alison Lloyd (1956–). cartoonist. The writer acquired his new surname as a child in 1932 when his mother married Joseph Capote.1948–). The Damned. a Cuban-American textile broker. U. The name springs from Captain Moonlight: “In Ireland a mythical person to whom was attributed the performance of atrocities by night especially in the latter part of the 19th century” [Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. and shouting: ‘It’s all right! Everything’s under control! It’s on autopilot!’ People were getting upset. but it appears to have had something to do with his habit of wearing a peaked cap. where Frank Zappa. and announcing himself as “your captain speaking. Br. U.’ We called ourselves by wacky names. 100 Best Album Covers.” of his German surname. I was pretending to be the pilot.201]. Capucine: Germaine Lefebvre (1933–1990)..g.S. short-story writer. model. “Certainly the Irish were among bushranging’s big names and those that have attracted the fame of balladry — Donohue. The singer adopted his name in about 1977. 1985]. Henry Power. bushranger. 1989]. The artist used . U. poet. The Irish in Australia. artist. I didn’t know I would still be called Captain Sensible at 35” [Jon Savage. rock musician. Andy Capp: Lynford Anderson (c. Br. playwright.

Caracalla • Carlos this name for a weekly strip. The entertainer subsequently changed his legal name to 92 Pierre LeBlanc. The moviemaker’s assumed name is an anagram of his first two names (in the form “Alex Oscar”). Fr. a name based on that of Houdini. Cardy assumed his new name by deed poll in 1987. U. Egyptian dancer. Fr. The artist was born in Moscow. working in England. Latham C. In 198 he was given the title Augustus. “to lack”). It. After the death of her Alsatian father. née Walker (1903–?). Caran d’Ache: Emmanuel Poiré (1858–1909). Edwin Carewe: Jay Fox (1883–1940). her sole teacher in the art of singing. screenwriter. U. Dr. née Conn (1910–2007). Carleton see James Fenimore Cooper Adams Belinda Carlisle: Belinda Jo Kerzcheski (1958–). Brazilian footballer. The musician underwent a sex change operation and in 1979 legally assumed his new female first name. Pol. Carette: Julien Carette (1897–1966). Br. theatrical director.S. née Johnston (1866–1902).S. movie actor. The name by which he is now usually known. movie director. Richard Carle: Charles Carleton (1871–1941). The spelling of the Go-Gos singer’s original name varies in some sources. James Carew: James Usselman (1876–1938). movie actor. writer. Fr. actor.-born Austr. The infamous emperor was originally named Septimius Bassanius.S. and his maternal grandfather. . poet.-born singer. U. and the name itself is entirely absent in most. Churchill’s father was a pioneer automobile (car) designer and manufacturer. which he would have lost by playing professional ball. “Saturday News Reel. rock singer. baseball player (“Scoops”). Jean-Pierre Cargol: Reyes Baliardo (1957–). and took his name as a French respelling of the Russian word karandash. Bassanius. poet. It. Tahia Carioca: Badawiyya Muhammad Karim (1919–1999). The sportsman’s name arose as a nickname amounting to “baldie” (Portuguese carecer. keyboardist. Don Juan Cardoza: Émile Brazeau (1889– 1980). charity executive. It. Leos Carax: Alexandre Oscar Dupont (1960–). Lucius Septimius Severus. baseball announcer. Ethna Carbery: Anna MacManus. née de Munck (1800–1865).S. such as Val Raymond. U.–born wife and stage assistant. working in U. where he tried a number of stage names. Kitty Carlisle: Catherine Carlisle Hart. from a word of Gaulish origin. Eng. This was filmed as Give Me Your Heart (1936).S. Maria Caradori-Allan: Maria Caterina Rosalbina Allan. Hence his pen name. U. Caravaggio. short-story writer.S. meaning “pencil. stage. Frankie Carle: Francisco Nunzio Carlone (1903–2001). movie director. was Swan Cardini. poet.-born illusionist. Francis Carco: François Marie Alexandre Carcopino-Tussoli (1886–1958). movie actress. caricaturist. working in U. Carlo-Rim see Carlo Rim Wendy Carlos: Walter Carlos (1939–). novelist.–born magician. U. and Valentine.S.” published in the Evening Standard from 1945 to 1946.S. Caracalla. U. The painter’s name is that of his birthplace. juvenile movie actor. He also performed as Ray Bol and Ray Danton. Egbert Carllsen: August Egbert von Derschau (1845–1883). Joyce Carey: Joyce Lawrence (1898–1993). playwright. Professor Thomas. before settling on Cardini. Cardini: Richard Valentine Pitchford (1895– 1973). Carl Carl: Carl Andreas von Bernbrunn (1789– 1854). movie actor. near Bergamo in northern Italy. for his father. Fr. of Romany origin. Peter Cardy: Peter John Stubbings (1947–). Fr. Careca: Antonio de Oliveira Filho (1960–).S. is said to refer to a new type of cloak that he designed. Roman emperor. He arrived in the USA in 1926. Ir. stage. Caracalla: Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus (AD 188–217). painter.S. in which she herself acted. opera singer. and made card tricks his own special study.K.S. Fr. U. Vincenzo Cardarelli: Nazareno Caldarelli (1887–1959). popular musician. The illusionist was impressed as a boy by the skill of cardsharpers. in which she had no part.” Compare the name of Karandash. in her familiar bellhop uniform. actor.S. Harry Caray: Harry Christopher Carabina (?1919–1998).S. Ger. Christine Carère: Christine de Borde (1930–). Carey used the name Jay Mallory for her play Sweet Aloes (1934). movie actress. movie actress. His U. The player took a new name to preserve his amateur status. Carlo: Carlo Sommer (?–). Her name should not be mistaken for that of the (male) English novelist Joyce Cary (1888–1957). U. Welsh magician. Max George Carey: Maximillian Carnarius (1890–1976). Fr. movie actress. Caravaggio: Michelangelo Merisi (da Caravaggio) (1573–1610). working in U. the soprano added the maiden name of her mother. He then assumed the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and added Caesar because his father wanted to link the family to the famous Antonine dynasty. U.

Br. who was probably his mentor. The wrter reserved his pseudonym for his thrillers. born the eldest of three brothers raised as revolutionaries and named respectively Ilich. “wood. U. poet. .” and silva. and bombings in the 1970s and 1980s. prose writer. Fr. U. near Turin. Lesley Carol see Carole Lesley Martine Carol: Marie-Louise-Jeanne Mourer (1922–1967). for example.” Carmen Marina: Carmen Manteca Gioconda (1936–). Ger. working in U. The pen name. U. perhaps for its connotation of wealth. The designer adopted the surname of philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919). architect. Francis Carpenter: Francis Willburn Keef (1911–). an American.S. Judy Carmichael: Judith Lea Hohenstein (1952–). Glenn Gebhard. Carmi: Charmi Charny (1925–1994). Harry Carmichael: Leopold Horace Ognall (1908–1979).born empress of Mexico. editor. Dale Carnegie: Dale Breckenridge Carnegey (1888–1955).S. He was nicknamed “the Jackal” by the media when a copy of Frederick Forsyth’s 1971 thriller The Day of the Jackal (which may also have inspired Francis Markham) was found in his belongings. fashion designer. composer. Kate Carney: Catherine Mary Pattinson (1868– 1950).C.S. movie actress. music-hall singer. Carolus-Duran: Charles-Auguste-Émile Durand (1837–1917). movie director. Eng. The wife of Emperor Maximilian adopted a Spanish version of the second word of her seven-part French name as a single name for standard use. Marcel Carné: Albert Cranche (1906–1996).-born U. Harris (1923–1953). Carlota: Marie-Charlotte-Amélie-AugustineVictoire-Clémentine-Léopoldine (1840–1927).S. Br.” She revealed her true name in her French-written Pensées d’une reine (“Thoughts of a Queen”) (1882). condottiere. reflected Elisabeth’s love of singing and of the forest. The performer used her real name on the stage until 1889. U. painter. Adolf Bernal from Chile and Carlos Martinez-Torres. He has been Cenon Clarke of New York. Hector Hugo Dupont. Austr. variety artist. Carlos • Carpenter from Latin carmen. The poet’s adopted name translates as the Latin for “happy song. Carmo see The Great Carmo Carmontelle: Louis Carrogis (1717–1806). verse. Leopold I (1790– 1865). Roger Carlton see Fenton Brockley Carlyle: Lyle Laughlin (1906–?). He also wrote as Hartley Howard. Mosco Carner: Mosco Cohen (1904–1985). director. David Carlyle see Robert Paige Francis Carlyle: Francis Finnernan (1911–1975). working in U. Country Paul. movie actor. Hattie Carnegie: Henrietta Kanengeiser (1886– 1956).S. Felix Carmen: Frank Dempster Sherman (1860–1916). Carmen Sylva: Elisabeth. Carol Carnac: Edith Caroline Rivett (1894– 1958). Carlton: Arthur Carlton Philps (1881–1942). comedienne. U.– born Israeli poet. is believed to have adopted his alias from the Brazilian urban guerrilla Carlos Marighella. Terri Carol: Ivy Rosina Victoria Moore (1915– 2002). child movie actor. The author modified his name in 1919 in honor of his hero. The name is that of the mercenary leader’s birthplace. She married Major John Zanft in 1927 but never used his name publicly or professionally. Born in North Carolina. philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919). commemorated her father. June 5–11.S. née Pauline Elisabeth Ottilie Luise. Br. Royal personages usually acquire strings of names like this with the aim of preserving the names of earlier family members. Br. Belg. crime novelist.S. U. The Carlos Complex. Fr. country singer.R.S. “We have traced five different sets of travel documents used by him. magician. “song. Austr. detective novelist. Lenin. Eng. public speaker. Judy Carne: Joyce Botterill (1939–).1380– 1432). jazz pianist. T. TV actress. Fr. Harris also recorded as Jammin’ Jim. U. Richard Carlson: Albert Lea (1914–1977). 1982]. Carolina Slim: Edward P. Sp. Venezuelan terrorist. illusionist. U. singer. suggested by the queen’s physician. movie actress. Sue Carol: Evelyn Jean Lederer (1906–1982). guitarist. and Vladimir after the Communist leader.-born Rom. Il Carmagnola: Francesco Bussone (c. Using these identities he flitted in and out of the country and nobody imagined for a moment that he was a terrorist” [Christopher Dobson and Ronald Payne. writer. Carmagnola. dramatist. shootings.S. and Lazy Slim Jim. a Peruvian economist. Fr. U.S. on opening her first hat shop in New York City in 1909. The actress took her screen name “from a character she played years ago in a school play” [TV Times Magazine. 1977].-born Br. Princess of Wied (1843–1916). portraitist. It. blues. The writer seems to have based her pen name on reduplicated letters in “Caroline. Queen of Romania. Lorac.S.93 Carlos the Jackal: Ilich Ramirez Sánchez (1949–).S.S. an Anglo-Frenchman. He had several other names. Léopoldine. king of the Belgians.” She also wrote as E. magician. musicologist. The instigator of various murders. U.

and he adopted this pseudonym when submitting a small watercolor entitled Farm Buildings in Norfolk to the 1987 Summer Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts. spy. actress. black TV singer. There’s no way in the world we can announce.’ the man in charge answered. while as Great Steward of Scotland he bears the title Earl of Carrick. restaurateur. U. TV personality. TV show presenter. ventriloquist. choosing a name that seemed “musical. Elissa.’ . pop singer. U. “rock. Barbara Carroll: Barbara Carole Coppersmith (1925–). U. U. Drexler. I was crestfallen. the singer and her friend Elissa Oppenheim turned up to audition for the TV show Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts. U. The Prince’s full names are Charles Philip Arthur George. U. in the south of France. movie actress. son of John Carradine. orchestra arranger. movie actress.S. Tia Carrere: Althea Janairo (1967–). songwriter. conductor.S. meaning “Carr valley. Jared Ingersol. The writer made his home in Wales. When they were both 16. U. “Carrick” means the same as “Craig. Just fine.” Jane Carr: Rita Brunstrom (1909–1957). U. prince.” . and his pseudonym is a typical Welsh placename. pop singer. parentage. rock drummer. Sam Carr: Schmil Kogan (1906–). Fr. Glyn Carr: Frank Showell Styles (1908–). Oppenheim and Johnson.” John Carrodus: John Tiplady Carruthers (1836–1895). detective novelist.’ I mumbled” [Diahann Carroll with Ross Firestone. Prince Charles is also Duke of Cornwall. It.F. ballerina. Communist official. son of Fred Russell..” then have you two march out there.S. Rudi Carrell: Rudolf Wijbrand Kesselaar (1934–2006). Ukr. “‘Before we take this any further. movie actor. Michael Carr: Maurice Cohen (1904–1968). also known by the equivalent Italian name Il Carpentrasso. Norman Carrol: Sydney Edward Brandon (1890–1954). Eng. Hunter Liggett. art director. U. ‘I’d like you to go home and try to find another name. David Carradine: John Arthur Carradine (1936–). calling their act Oppenheim and Johnson.S. Eng.Carpentras • Carroll Carpentras: Elzéar Genet (c. The actress changed her name when she was only eight. Carpentras. How does that sound to you? Is it all right?’ ‘It’s fine. Hawaiianborn U. stage. this being a region of western Scotland. Richard Dana. London. Elisabeth Carroll: Elisabeth Pfister (1937–). singer.S. food writer. she called with the solution to our problem. Carrick: [Prince] Charles (1948–). Jolyon Carr see Ellis Peters Lodi Carr: Lois Ann Cox-Kasher (1933–). U. John Kilgore.” that is. took his name from his birthplace. Catharine Carr: Rosalind Herschel Seymour. and John Morgan.S. Danny Carrel: Suzanne Chazelles du Chaxel (1935–). The musician. Br. Du. Br.S. U. Lucas. Diahann Carroll: Carol Diann Johnson (1935–). Edward Carrick: Edward Anthony Craig (1905–1998). Robert Clarke.-born Ger.S. novelist. jazz singer. singer. Joan Carroll: Joan Felt (1932–). John Carradine: Richmond Reed Carradine (1906–1988). teacher. but Elissa wouldn’t let herself be discouraged.S. His identity was revealed only after the picture was accepted. J. U. Thomas Carre: Miles Pinkney (1599–1674). Diahann: An Autobiography. Catholic cleric. Eng. of Swe. Paine is chiefly known for his western fiction.. The Prince of Wales is a keen amateur painter. The name evolved from the actress’s first two names. Eva Carrière: Marthe Béraud (1886–?). Frank Bosworth (from his middle name). U. Br.S.S. Br.. Raffaella Carrà: Raffaella Pelloni (1942–). The supposed “materializer” is known in research literature as simply “Eva C. Philippa Carr see Jean Plaidy Russ Carr: Frederick Russell Parnell (1889– 1973). Reg Batchelor.-born Can. Andrea Carroll: Andrea Lee DeCapite (1946–). music-hall comedian. Fr.S. 94 Eng. composer. Mary Carr: Mary Kennevan (1874–1973). Br. jazz pianist.1470–1548). Late that night . J. movie actor.S. Robert Carrier: Robert Carrier MacMahon (1923–2006). For five years from 1930 Carradine played under the name John Peter Richmond.S. Vikki Carr: Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Martinez Cardona (1941–). a county in which Carrick is an administrative district. U. David Carroll: Nook Schrier (1913–). violinist. but to cover his wide range of literary genres also wrote as John Armour. ‘I’ve got it!’ she proclaimed. movie actress. ‘I’m changing my name to Lisa Collins and you’re going to be Diahann Carroll! D-i-a-h-a-n-n C-a-r-r-o-l-l.K. ballet dancer.S. Troy Howard. movie actor. movie actress. writer.” the former name being a Celtic variant of the English. Mark Carrel: Lauran Bosworth Paine (1916–).. Eng.–born Br. 1986]. “Ladies and Gentlemen. Arthur G. Eric Carr: Paul Caravello (1950–1991).-Eng. child movie actress. née Wade (1909–1989). Kenneth Bedford. Fr. medium. Kogan adopted his new name on emigrating to Canada in 1924.

Edgar U. Lewis Carroll: A Biography. The comedian was so nicknamed for his red hair. Carrot Top: Scott Thompson (1967–). “Ann” gave “Nancy. He was requested to produce a pen name by Edmund Yates. In this. facsimile edition. Edgar Cuthwellis (made by transposition out of ‘Charles Lutwidge’). John Pudney. by my original name.G. I don’t know why. Sydney W. 1975 (1850).. etc) begins with the letter B and that even the Snark itself should turn out to be a Boojum” [Sunday Telegraph. movie actress. and said: ‘Oh. by the boys at school.” So Dodgson tried again. Nancy Carroll: Ann Veronica La Hiff (1905– 1965). since early contributions to The Train were signed as “B. Westhill (ditto). the writer of An Elementary Treatise on Determinants (1867) is entirely distinct from the author of Alice in Wonderland [1.born U. ed. and Charles). Louis.. when he met somebody. His pseudonym is a transposition and translation (or rendering) of his first two names: Lutwidge to Lewis and Charles to Carroll. thriller writer. The actor’s middle initial represents his surname.X. U..V. is not clear.W.— and B. U. Madeleine Carroll: Marie-Madeleine Bernadette O’Carroll (1906–1987).” (it was this that prompted his editor to ask for a proper nom de plume). movie. this is Jasper.” Furniss was here perhaps consciously or unconsciously using Dodgson’s own nickname. .. It was not actually Carroll’s first pseudonym. Barrister. and “Lewis” was long the traditional English spelling for the many French kings named Louis. 3.’ short for Beau Brummell. Carroll: George Frederick Carl Whiteman (1877–1958). Lewis Carroll: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (1832–1898). Ludovic . 4. 2. theater manager.” Ronnie Carroll: Ronald Cleghorn (1934–). September 9. the illustrator chosen by Dodgson for Sylvie and Bruno (1889).. Arthur Carson: Peter Brooke (1907–). to emulate. 1979]. Broker.C. I added Carrott when I was 17. every crew member (Bellman. 2. F.’” In other words. Eng.L. Francis King commented: “What she does not remark on is the coincidence that in ‘The Hunting of the Snark’ . editor of the humorous paper The Train. Reviewing Clark’s biography. or even known me. Br.S.. One of the most famous names in 19th-century English literature. Eng. Jeannie Carson: Jean Shufflebottom (1928–). while “Carroll” suggests Carolus as the Latin equivalent for the French and English kings named Charles. 1979]. I was on a golf course with a friend. Northern Ireland popular singer. Beaver.X. Q. critic.-born U.B.B. 1996]. by Harry Furniss.. Billiard-marker. that he ‘neither claims nor acknowledges any connection with the books not published under his name. Lewis Carroll: A Portrait with Background.S. which had been confided Carroll • Carson to him some years before and which he now remembered. and on March 1 Dodgson duly recorded in his diary: “Lewis Carroll was chosen.B.-born Br.S. There is no reason for it. while his new surname is formed from his third name.” Yates made his choice. although Dodgson had shown a fondness for writing over mysterious initials as self-appointed editor of the Dodgson family journal. he contributed pieces as V. 4. with reference to this list.. father of TV actress Lucy Davis (1973–). February 15. the following is found: “He was known at Eton as ‘B. Louis Carroll (derived from Lutwidge . Lewis Carroll (ditto). No one since school days has ever called me.” The name has a royal ring to it.B.’ Carrott was the first name that came into my head. singer. movie actress.B. 3. children’s writer. This seems quite a likely explanation for the double-letter name. Dodgson the don deliberately distanced himself from the persona of Lewis Carroll. stage comedian. Arthur Carron: Arthur Cox (1900–1967). He first offered Yates the name Dares. Anne Clark. Jasper Carrott: Robert Davis (1945–).. Lewis Carroll and His World.— which would appear to be one of the few initialized pseudonyms Dodgson retained for use in adult life — might perhaps stand for “Bobby Burns. The precise origin of B. J. was created by a mathematical lecturer at Oxford University.. Eng. Austral. his Cheshire birthplace. movie actor.” since a number of the pieces contributed to The Rectory Magazine were mournful ballads in the style of Robert Burns. Davis explains how he came by his name: “Jasper is a nickname I picked up when I was nine. 1979. Br. F. Donald Thomas. On the other hand in Poverty Bay: A Nondescript Novel (1905).. noted in his diary: “Wrote to Mr. Yates sending him a choice of names: 1. whom he was supposed. 1976..S. 1856. and a footnote to an enumeration of his factual and fictional writings in Sharp 1904 reads: “It should be noted that Mr. and on February 11. Dodgson states. The Rectory Magazine (1845). saving all Alice lovers from Edgar Cuthwellis. Anne Clark (see below) suggests that B. TV actress. The Rectory Magazine. Eng. Bob Davis” [TV Times. Lewis Carroll. U. to which Dodgson was contributing in 1856. stage actor. appropriately for the Victorian era in which Dodgson lived. opera singer. the exquisite. as a teenager.S. that of the author of Alice in Wonderland (1865) and Through the Looking-Glass (1871). after Daresbury.95 John Carroll: Julian LaFaye (1905–1979). comedian. but Yates thought this “too much like a newspaper signature.

U. Alvin Cash: Alvin de Forest Welch (1939– 1999). R&B singer. poet. Justin Case: Hugh Barnett Cave (1910–). The actress came to France with her family when she was 13.S. movie actress. statesman. U. stage. movie actress.S. screenwriter. movie actress. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name.S. Marilyn Carter see Marilyn Ross Mrs. movie actress.Carson • Casina John Carson: John Derek Carson-Parker (1927–).S. Sunset Carson: Michael Harrison (1922–1990).C. Casina: Wadham Sutton (1945–). of Hawaiian parentage. Bruce Carter: Richard Alexander Hough (1922–). The singer.S.” Ivan Caryll: Félix Tilkin (1861–1921). U. parentage. stage name “Miss Compton. and although she resented the belittling reference to the cartoon character Betty Boop she none the less adopted the first name and became Betty Carter. Carton: Richard Claude Critchett (1856– 1928). popular fiction writer.S.J. Nick Carter: (1) John R. U. publisher. Fr.born U. Ger. who gave the name. Cash: Joseph Wilbur Cash (1900–1941). U. Bo Carter: Armenter Chatmon (1893–1964). stage actress. of Sp. physician. U. Carton was influenced by Charles Dickens. TV actor. movie director. a granddaughter of Maybelle Carter of the Carter Family. singer. (2) Thomas Chalmers Harbaugh (1849–1924). Belg. Jean Caselli: Henri Cazalis (1840–1909).S.. at the time of the civil war. Lynne Carver: Virginia Reid Sampson (1909– 1955). The actress began her screen career as Virginia Reid. U. country singer. Jean Casimir-Perier: Jean Perier (1847–1907). U. theatrical decorator. U. Peter Carsten: Pieter Ransenthaler (1929–). of course. crossword . Fr. The singer first performed as Lorraine Carter. stage actress. Janis Carter: Janis Dremann (1917–1994). writer. U.S. movie actor. Heron Carvic: Geoffrey Richard William Harris (1913–1980). jazz musician. U. Patrick Campbell. stage.S. The poet’s bardic name means “red deer. She took to the stage in 1889. Coryell (1848–1924). For some reason Cash chose to reverse the order of his given names and then call himself by their initials. black blues singer.S. U.S. popular fiction writer. In 1874 the future French president (1894–95) added the first name of his grandfather. black jazz singer. Br. Br. U. Jean Carzou: Garnik Zulumyan (1907–2000). nicknamed her “Betty Bebop” for her style of singing.S. of Armenian parentage. Bill Casey: William Weldon (1909–). Nell Carter: Nell Ruth Hardy (1948–2003). hero of A Tale of Two Cities (1859). Carw Coch: William Williams (1808–1872). country singer. Carton’s wife was the actress Katherine Mackenzie Compton (1853–1928).S. Eng. U. guitarist. operetta composer. popular fiction writer. Anna Carteret: Anna Wilkinson (1942–). crime writer.S. U.S. U.S. movie actor. The writer used the name Elizabeth Churchill for Juliet in Publishing (1956). When the actor became a cowboy star in the 1940s.S. Helena Carter: Helen Rickerts (1923–2000). painter. Welsh poet. from about 1870. while for The Plane Wreckers (1961) he was Pat Strong.S. The character Nick Carter.” daughter of Henry Compton and aunt of Fay Compton and Compton Mackenzie. Casimir Perier (1777–1832). (3) Frederick Van Rensselaer Day (?1861–1922). children’s writer. actor. but included here to show that at least one writer actually resorted to it. Eng.S.S. Betty Carter: Lillie Mae Jones (1929–1998). Maria Casarès: Maria Casarès Quiroga (1922– 1996). working in U. TV actress. Br. Jack Carter: John Chakrin (1922–). U. dramatist. Carlene Carter: Rebecca Carlene Smith (1955–).K. Fr. A corny name. head of the Banque de France. TV comic. following the breakup of her marriage.S. Louise Carver: Louise Spilger Murray (1868– 1956). Br. Eng. U. Fr. who employed her from 1948 to 1951. W. adopted her mother’s maiden name as her professional name. horror-fiction writer. movie actress.S.S. journalist. Bob Carter: Robert Kahakalau (1922–). Leslie Carter: Caroline Louise Dudley (1862–1937). U. Sylvia Carson see Brett Halliday John Paddy Carstairs: John Keys (1910–1970). Br. Helen Carter: Helen Carter Jones (1927–1998). working in U. and his stage name may have been taken from Sydney Carton. U. the movie company changed his name to coincide with the fictional western hero he portrayed. like Mrs. is said to have been invented by Coryell and passed down by him to the other two. The name was adopted by the author (or authors) of a series of detective novels that 96 appeared in the U. R. An actress who. Jazz musician Lionel Hampton. black blues musician. appeared professionally under her husband’s name.

Fr. When Knighthood Was in Flower (1898). Billie Cassin see Joan Crawford Oleg Cassini: Oleg Cassini Loiewski (1913– 2006). teaming with Irene Castle. Eng. Cassandra: Reflections in a Mirror. that nobody believed me when I spoke the unpleasant truth” [Robert Connor. art dealer. working in U.S. of Hung. Frances Castle: Evelyn Barbara Leader.S.S. Joanna Cassidy: Joanna Virginia Caskey (1944–).-born fashion designer. The writer adopted his pen name from one of his own fictional characters.97 compiler. literally meaning “closed castle. that I could foretell in the stars when the news was going to be bad. writer. The Wild Bunch leader was nicknamed “Butch” as he had worked in a butcher’s shop for a time in Rock Springs. journalist. The scholar entered the Dominican order in 1517 and adopted his religious name in honor of the two Sienese saints of that order. He married Irene Foote in 1911.S. Ambrosius Catharinus: Lancelot Politi (c. Lou Castel: Luigi Castellato (1943–). novelist. since English “bailey. née Blackburn (1898–1981). although they were invariably true. “Cassidy” was an alias adopted from cowhand Mike Cassidy.S.S. stage designer. of Russ. U.” Leo Castelli: Leo Krauss (1907–1999). Vernon Castle: Vernon Blythe (1887–1918). just as a crossword is a word game. and it was given him by Harry Bartholomew.. U. was the daughter of the King of Troy.” which is a card game.1484– 1553). Connor commented: “I was a bit surprised to discover that I had changed my sex. Eng. when on the run from the law. (1919– 1966). parentage. Fr. Jean-Pierre Cassel: Jean-Pierre Crochon (1932– 2007). The New York dealer adopted his mother’s maiden name in 1919. the master of the dance at the court of Henry VIII who is the narrator in Major’s first and best novel. Br. ballroom dancer. The setter was allocated his pseudonym when first submitting crosswords to Country Life magazine. U.S. movie director. The author used this name for Sketches from St.S.. U. U. Lee Castle: Aniello Castaldo (1915–1990). teaming with the Sundance Kid. ballet critic. movie actress. writer of adventure stories for boys. his wife. king of Troy. ballroom dancer. Lois Catesby: Lydia Arms Avery Coonley Ward (1845–1924). Castine. She made a number of movies following her husband’s death in an air crash. Jr. who received the gift of prophecy from Apollo. niece of Gilbert Cates. although it may be a variant on “casino. horror-movie director. movie actress. Wyoming. U. graphic artist. TV. columnist. novelist. parentage. Catalan writer. a volume of verse with descriptions of London life. Don Castle: Marion Goodman. Alejandro Casona: Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez (1903–1965). Blessed Ambrosius Sansedone (1220–1286) and St. jazz trumpeter. George’s Fields (1820). Castil-Blaze: François-Henri-Joseph Blaze (1784–1857). . Catherine (of Siena) (1347–1380). U. her husband. Eng. U. movie actress. and was noted for his gloomily prophetic articles. Fr. dramatist. Harry Castlemon: Charles Austin Fosdick (1842–1915). U.S.S. Cassandra: [Sir] William Neil Connor (1909– 1967). His pen name is an Italian-style rendering. William Castle: William Schloss (1914–1977). taking it from his birthplace. It. U. 1969]. Her name has thus come to denote any “prophet of doom. Sp. when she refused the god’s advances. Fr.S. U. philosopher. movie actor. Sir Edwin Caskoden: Charles Major (1856– 1913). Eng. Blythe immigrated to the United States in 1906 and took the name Castle the following year. Brooks used this name for his contributions to the Sacramento Union in the 1860s. Its precise significance is obscure. Giorgione di Castel Chiuso: Peter Bayley Caskoden • Cathcart (1778–1823). writer. teaming with Vernon Castle. theologian. one of the newspaper’s directors. Castine: Noah Brooks (1830–1903). poet.” as a court in a castle. Victor Català: Caterina Albert i Paradis (1869– 1966). Butch Cassidy: Robert LeRoy Parker (1866– ?1909 or ?1937).S. Br. an older outlaw from whom he learned cattle rustling and gunslinging. Gilbert Cates: Gilbert Katz (1934–). aviator.” of his surname. playwright.” The columnist did not choose the name himself. Irene Castle: Irene Foote (1893–1969). uncle of Phoebe Cates. Maine. Cassandre: Adolphe-Jean-Marie Mouron (1901– 1968). derives from Old French baile. Connor was columnist for the Daily Mirror from 1935. Phoebe Cates: Phoebe Katz (1963–). movie actor. he decreed that no one would believe her predictions.S. outlaw. U. However. for in Greek mythology Cassandra was the daughter of Priam.S. It. The English surname translates the German original.-born U.-It. Ward began her writing career in 1878 under this name. Helen Cathcart: Harold Albert (1909–1997). movie actor. Georgina Cates: Clare Woodgate (1975–). Robert Cassilis: Michael Edwardes (1923–). . “enclosure. His pen name reflects this. It.

She adopted this name in 1902. The musician came by his name as the result of a journalist’s mishearing of his surname. “Tyrant of Athens. the first English printer. Willa Cather: Wilella Cather (1873–1947). physician. Empress of Russia. author. and other members of the British royal family.” broadcaster. Welsh poet. Her first novel following the creation of her new persona had the significant title Change the Name (1941). [St. first using it for his novel This My Hand (1936). The Empress of Russia was the daughter of a Lithuanian peasant named Samuil Skawronski.] Catherine of Bologna: Caterina de’Vigri (1413–1463). Christian August von Anhalt-Zerbst. novelist.1896–c. Cathcart. In 1703 she was received into the Russian Orthodox Church and rechristened Yekaterina Alekseyevna. Eng. The name itself honors St. Eng.1958).” and William Caxton. Alain Cavalier: Alain Fraissé (1931–). a satirical poem attacking English critics of Elisha Perkins’s “Metallic Tractors. C.1320–1395). movie director. U. in place of his own.] Catherine of Genoa: Caterinetta Fieschi (1447–1510). Eng. was born the daughter of an obscure German prince. It.) Albert created Helen Cathcart in the 1950s. writer. It. “croonette. U. This one presumably alluded to Pisistratus. One of several pseudonyms used at different times by Bulwer Lytton.S. Archbishop Nilus Cavasilas. Marxist writer. He therefore renounced the original family name of Kemp and used his middle name.” for his popular work. Kay Cavendish: Kathleen Dorothy CavendishMurray (1908–2000). Francesco Cavalli: Pier Francesco Caletti-Bruni (1602–1676). Caveat Emptor: [Sir] George Stephen (1794– 1879). poet. The theologian adopted the name of his uncle. mystical writer. The writer took his name from his London club. The saint is known by the name she assumed on entering a Dominican convent at the age of 13. 1933). It. as his surname.] Nikolaos Cavasilas: Nikolaos Chamaetos (c.P Cavafy: Konstantínos Pétrou Kaváfis (1863– . royal biographer. The Adventures of a Gentleman in Search of a Horse (1835). who was thus supposedly the actual author of biographies of Queen Elizabeth II. playwright. The writer 98 adopted his mother’s maiden name.S. blues singer. statesman. November 4.S.Cather • Caxton Eng. The writer claimed to be the “literary manager” of Helen Cathcart. The musician assumed the name of his Venetian patron. short-story writer. It. in Cavendish Square. authority on whist. Fessenden first used this name for Terrible Tractoration!! (1803). Dr. Stephen used this name. [St. Albert. King used this name for The Firewalkers (1956). The writer tried out the full names Willa Love Cather and Willa Lova Cather before settling for Willa Sibert Cather. Catherine II: Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst (1729–1796). (Albert’s father abandoned the family home and his mother married a stepfather whom Harold hated. Queen Elizabeth. who is venerated by the Dominican order. opera composer. Cavendish: Henry Jones (1831–1899).] Catherine: Alessandra Lucrezia Romola dei Ricci (1522–1590). mystic. inventor. [St. the following year. lawyer. theologian. 1997]. Eng. Federico Cavalli. empress. the Cavendish. Christopher Caustic: Thomas Green Fessenden (1771–1837). lawyer. . Ger. of It. novelist. “choosing a good Scottish name that had just the right ring to it” [The Times. empress. taking the middle name from an uncle on her mother’s side who was killed fighting for the Confederacy.-born Russ. Pisistratus Caxton: Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton (1803–1873). Alberto Cavalcanti: Alberto de Almeida-Cavalcanti (1897–1982). from the Latin tag meaning “Let the buyer beware. She assumed the title of Yekaterina Alekseyevna on arriving in Russia in 1744 and married her cousin. John Sprigg (1907–1937). Cat Iron: William Carradine (c. the Queen Mother. Br. Cawrdaf : William Ellis Jones (1795–1848). three years before publishing her first book of short stories and ten years before her first novel. Christopher Caudwell: Christopher St. Catherine I: Marta Skawronska (1684–1727). Sometimes “her” books would contain an acknowledgement to “the help given by Harold Albert. She married Peter the Great in 1712. the future Peter III. Brazilian movie director. short-story writer. novelist.” and on one occasion the Daily Mail sent a reporter to Albert’s house to seek details about Mrs. U.” a pair of metal pieces supposed to relieve pain by galvanic action when applied to an inflamed spot on the skin. Eng. the 5th-century BC. pianist. The writer adopted the name of one of her own fictional characters. It appeared in a fifth edition in 1841 under his real name. mystic. saint. Catherine the Great. Frank Cauldwell: Francis Henry King (1923–). Br. but he would not be drawn. Fr. Russ. Anna Cavan: Helen Ferguson. origin. novelist. Catherine of Siena (Caterina Benincasa) (1347–1380). née Woods (1901–1968). Gk. The poet’s bardic name is a local placename. [St. Gk.

Celestine IV: Goffredo Castiglioni (?–1241). a Christian name. “skill.” French cendres. Céline Guillou. novelist. then Churchill. Br. student. black rapper. Sauser is said to have adopted a name that was a blend of the name of St. she would be known only by that name. It. Céline: Odette Marie Céline Hallowes. actress. Gabriel Celaya: Rafael Múgica (1911–1991). novelist. “embers. The writer’s new first name is that of the goddess said to have been the mother of the legendary 6th-century poet Taliesin. “cinders. ballet dancer. you are simply “Céline” from now on’” [Jerrard Tickell. a lake in northwest Wales. meaning “rascal. judge.S. who had created him cardinal in 1144. and during the period of training. should choose a name. née Keppler (1810–1882). folk musicologist. It. Eng. The writer’s pen name reversed his real name. This was the code name taken by the World War II agent better known as Odette: “Every pupil. Celestine II. editor. We haven’t got a Céline. Blaise Cendrars: Frédéric Louis Sauser (1887– 1961). pope. Celestine III: Giacinto Orsini (c. wartime agent.” Arthur Cecil: Arthur Cecil Blunt (1843–1896). Céleste married an American. composer. a society of poets founded in 1658.1106–1198). Ceram: Kurt W. U. Ceridwen Peris: Alice Gray Jones (1852–1943). novelist. Cee-Lo: Thomas DeCarlo Callaway (1974–). poet. Cerano. Cee (or C): Hubert Kyle Church III (1973– 1995). Celestine II: Guido di Città di Castello (?– 1144). Henry Cecil: [His Honour] Henry Cecil Leon (1902–1976)..1620–c. Odette worked for Raoul. pope. Welsh journalist. Ger. working in France. 1949]. U. It. itself named for the river on which it lies.99 Cazuza: Agenor de Miranda Araújo Neto (1958– 1990). Louis-Ferdinand Céline: Louis-Ferdinand Destouches (1894–1961).e.S. in hommage [sic] to his maternal grandmother. It. Sp.” “art. Madame Céleste: Anastasie Céleste (or Céline) Elliott. Rom. of Jewish parentage.1677).S.K. Fr. Her real names were Cazuza • Cervetto Odette Marie Céline. Il Cerano: Giovanni Battista Crespi (1575– 1632). songwriter. earlier Sansom. The writer’s adopted surname is an anagram of Ancel. lyric poet. ballet dancer. The musician adopted the nickname given him by his father. Louis-Ferdinand Céline. less than 10 miles from Llyn Peris. but performed mainly in England. French braise. [St. The artist came to be known from his birthplace. née Brailly (1912–1995). Ceiriog : John Ceiriog Hughes (1832–1887). It. novelist. Frederick Cerny: Frederick Guthrie (1833– 1886). Eng. Leon also wrote as Clifford Maxwell. of Swiss parentage.” with an overall evocation of lines from Nietzsche: “And everything of mine turns to mere cinders / What I love and what I do. Celt: Edward Morgan Humphreys (1882– 1935). It. The name subsequently became popular for any rustic lover. Ger.W. Carolus Cergoly: Carlo Luigi Cergozzi Serini (1908–1987). poet. Odette: The Story of a British Agent. It. in reference to the past.] Celestine V: Pietro da Morrone (c. to the happy or idealized days of his childhood” [Frédéric Vitoux.. U.” and Latin ars. dancer. Vincenzo Celli: Vincenzo Yacullo (1900–1988). working in U. Brazilian rock singer.S. translated by Jesse Browner. Céline. Sansom like? Odette thought for a moment. It. Voyage au bout de la nuit (“Journey to the End of Night”) (1932). She said cautiously: ‘Would “Céline” do?’ ‘Certainly. archaeologist. Paul Celan: Paul Leo Antschel (1920–1970).S. pope. playwright. The poet’s middle name and bardic name was that of the village where he was born. Giacobbe Cervetto: Giacobbe Bassevi (c. Mr. C. i. northwest Italy. Jones was born at Llanllyfni. painter. “That was when he had settled on his pseudonym.-born U. near Novara.born Br. physicist. actor. Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog. black “gangsta” rapper. Welsh poet. The writer adopted the name for his first novel.1682– 1783). Fr. Fr. translator. The pontiff took his name from his former fellow-student. Humphreys used this pseudonym as a weekly columnist and reviewer in the Liverpool Daily Post and Manchester Guardian. Her second name comes from Llyn Peris. Greflinger first used this name (also spelled Seladon) as a member of the Elbschwanenorden (“Order of Elbe Swans”). 1992].” Cephas see Peter Luigia Cerale: Luigia Cerallo (1859–1937). Marek (1915–1972). Blaise.-born Ger. For purposes of training. It.1209– 1296). . humanist.-born U. This Celadon predates the one who is the lover of Amelia in the “Summer” (1727) section of James Thomson’s The Seasons. Welsh writer. poet. Both names are forenames in their own right. Konrad Celtis: Konrad Bickel (1459–1508). The scientist used his pen name for two poems published early in life. the Romanian spelling of his original surname. cellist. Fr. undergraduate. Now what name would Mrs. writer. pope. poet. Ger. Celadon: Georg Greflinger (c. Henry Elliott.

. the actress first appeared in the movies in 1970 under the name Evelyn Lang. “As Cham or Ham was the second son and scapegrace of Noah. George Challis see Max Brand Cham: [Comte] Amédée de Noé (1819–1879).S.. journalist. parentage. Teobaldo Ceva: Giovan Roberto (1697–1746). After taking up modeling in her teens. writer. stage comedian. Fr. Champfleury: Jules-François-Félix Husson (1821–1889). movie director. and director husband. whom she married in 1666. U. with his mother’s maiden name. Whittaker Chambers: Jay Vivian Chambers (1901–1961).S. and this is probably the source of Carpenter’s pseudonym here.1740–1794). movie actress. By the time he graduated from high school.S.S. Jules Husson was Jules Fleury before he became Champfleury. John Carpenter. Claude Champagne: Adonaï Desparois (1891– 1965).” Ceulanydd: John Ceulanydd Wlliams (1847– 1899). Chance: John Howard Carpenter (1948–). The actress came to be known from the name of her second husband.E. artist. and essentially kept the name. He subsequently enrolled at Columbia University as Whittaker Chambers. director. Francis Chagrin: Alexander Paucker (1905– 1972).-Léon-sur-Vézère in the Dordogne. Fr. which encouraged the writing of learned works in French instead of the traditional Latin. although . Chad Gadya see Ephraim Kishon Marc Chagall: Mark Zakharovich Segal (1887– 1985). sculptor. actress. songwriter. of Jewish parentage. dancer. Nicolas de Chamfort: Nicolas-Sébastien Roch (c. The artist was known for his wit. singer. itself the Portuguese word for “sky. of It. Fr. U.-born U. alter egos begin to emerge” [Colin Odell and Michelle Le Blanc. actor. composer. It was probably suggested by Champfleury (“Flowery Field”). The name itself is that of the château of Chaban. Fr. when working for the Communist underground.S. The future prime minister of France (1969–72) took the first part of his surname as his nom de guerre in World War II. M. Jakov Chaklan see Jakov Lind Chakrapani: Aluri Venkata Subba Rao (?– 1975). rock musician.-born Fr. based on her maiden name. The musician adopted (and slightly adapted) one of her original names.S. with whom she featured in the 1950s. The performer originally appeared as Will Conray before assuming his regular stage name in 1887. Fr. when active in the Resistance. Jackie Chan: Chan Kwong Sang (or Chan Gang-shen) (1954–). The Reader’s Handbook. When the future magazine editor’s parents separated in 1908. such as Karl Phillips and Harold Phillips. Hong Kong movie actor. CéU: Maria do Céu Whitaker Poças (1980–). Sidney Joseph Chamberlain see John Gilmore Marilyn Chambers: Marilyn Ann Briggs (1952– 2009). retaining his real name as this movie’s director. working in England. pop musician. James Chance: James Siegfried (1953–). moralist. he called himself David Whittaker. The actress was initially billed as Marjorie Bell. U. Gene Chandler: Eugene Dixon (1937–). The movie’s storyline has clearly been influenced by the writings of Nigel Kneale.” “heaven. Marge Champion: Marjorie Celeste Belcher (1921–).-born Eng. Cobham Brewer. political caricaturist. particularly his TV play Quatermass and the Pit (1958). U. The name itself is that of John Wayne’s character in the classic western Rio Bravo (1959) on which Assault on Precinct 13 is ostensibly based. Eng. screenwriter. and music composer. model. actor Charles Chevillet Champmeslé.. U. pop musician + Jeremy Clyde (1944–). Br. Gower Champion. producer. before taking the name of her dancer. U. Carpenter edited Assault on Precinct 13 (1976) under this name. movie scenarist. César: César Baldaccini (1921–1998). Russ. Fr. magician. John T. novelist. Fr. It. politician. Realising that too many occurrences of the same name in the credits can be detrimental to a film’s distribution (because it looks cheap). Chad and Jeremy: Chad Stuart (1943–). Brazilian singer. and the latter name must have evolved from the former. La Champmeslé: Marie Desmares (1642–1698). journalist. Ind. so Amédée was the second son and scapegrace of the comte de Noé” [E. at St. 2001]. 1882].” pronounced “Say-oo. composer. where he set up a network of underground agents. Jacques Chaban-Delmas: Jacques Pierre Michel Delmas (1915–2000). Rom. Carpenter was screenwriter of Prince of Darkness (1987) as Martin Quatermass. Harry Champion: William Henry Crump (1866–1942). Eng. while credited as director under his real name. Chaber see Richard Foster Ivan Ivanitz Chabert: Julien Xavier Chabert (1792–1859).S. he was calling himself Charles Adams. “Pseudonyms are rampant throughout Carpenter’s work. porno movie actress. Can.César • Chandler 100 also using a number of aliases. Welsh poet. a work by the 16th-century grammarian Geoffrey Tory. The musician adopted his new name before settling in London in 1728. writer.

Lon Chaney. Armenian poet. 685]. Joy Chant: Eileen Joyce Rutter (1945–). U. Martin Chapender: Harold M.” Hence her original name.” and accordingly adopted his first name.S. Chantilly: Marie-Justine-Benoiste Duronceray (1727–1772). U. January 6. Chin. More likely.” “It so happened that the Sichuan expression ‘faded red’ had exactly the same pronunciation (erhong) as my name .-Panamanian illusionist. Jones (c. “Ko Ko Ri Ko” (“Cock-a-dooodle-doo”) or “Qui qu’a vu Coco dans le Trocadéro?” (“Who has seen Coco at the Trocadero?”). “Ah. Frances Chaney: Fanya Lipetz (1915–2004). whom she married in 1939.K. Octave Chanute: Octave Chanut (1832–1910). Fr. movie actor.S.101 pop singer. Fr. working in U. romantic novelist.: Creighton Tull Chaney (1906– 1973)..” When she first danced as a teenager for the the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo she was given the pseudo–Russian names Maria Istomina and Felia Sidorova. parentage.1876– 1905). It evoked an image of bygone battles between knights in shining armor. The poet’s adopted name means “of indomitable lineage.1905–1993). Chanfrau. actress. another wild swan is born. The surname by which the actress became known was that of her first husband. radio. dance teacher Nico Charisse.. Stockard Channing: Susan Williams Antonia Stockard Channing Schmidt (1944–). Saul Chaplin: Saul Kaplan (1912–1997). Fr. 146]. movie music composer.S. “second wild swan.-born U. Paris. it arose as a stage nickname from one of the cabaret songs that she sang.S. novelist.S. The name adopted by the creator of Chanel No. As a young child she was called “Sid” by her baby brother. The musician adopted his new name from that of his favorite actor.S. Jeff Chandler.’ but she later claimed it was merely a respectable version of ‘cocotte’” [The Times. radio actress. The writer also published as Theresa Charles. of Ukr. The actress born Susan Stockard arrived at her professional identity by combining her surname with that of her first husband. U. Crouch in Garraty and Carnes. The photographer first used his name in 1948 on submitting work to Stern magazine. but respelled it “Cyd. Jung (pronounced ‘Yung’). aeronautical experimenter. “The Man of a Thousand Faces. “He often grumbled that he was ‘starved’ into changing his name to capitalize on his father’s stardom. TV actress. and Jan Tempest. Lane Chandler: Robert Lane Oakes (1899– 1972). Eng. I told my father that I wanted ‘something with a military ring to it’ . Jeff Chandler: Ira Grossel (1918–1961).” Chargesheimer: Karl Heinz Hargesheimer (1924–1971). p.. The poet was born in La-ChapelleSaint-Denis. Ger. poet. Eng. The doctor attending the writer’s birth exclaimed. 1991].S.” She acquired her new name at the age of 12.” She adopted the name.. U. “Traditionally. Chanut early added an e to his name “as a mark of Americanization and a means of suggesting the proper pronunciation of his name” [Tom D. The actress made her debut in 1854 under the stage name Henrietta Baker. and dropped the ‘Junior’ from 1942 onward” [Schneider. When I turned up at school with my new name even some teachers could not recognize the [Chinese] character” [Jung Chang.. In 1858 she married actor Frank Chanfrau (1824–1884) and after her marriage acted under the name “Mrs. Fay Chandos: Irene Maude Swatridge. photographer. dancer. following a comment by a politics teacher that Communist China could change color “from bright red to faded red. movie. 1971]. Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China.. Henrietta Baker Chanfrau: Jeannette Davis (1837–1909). was a very old and recondite word for ‘martial affairs’ . Jung Chang: Er-hong Chang (1952–). U. Cyd Charisse: Tula Ellice Finklea (1922–2008). née Mossop (c. movie actress. 5 perfume has been variously explained. his attempt to say “sis. Coco Chanel: Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel (1883– 1971). engineer. with tasseled spears and neighing steeds. record producer. Jr.” Chang : Juan Pablo Jesorum (1889–1972). writer. Fr. U. U. Walter Channing. (Istomina .S. fashion designer. p. My new name. Leslie Lance. That evening I begged my father to give Chandler • Charisse me another name . Fr. movie actor. I felt I must get rid of my name immediately. actress. Charbon see Belinda Blinders Jacques Chardonne: Jacques Boutelleau (1884– 1968). vol. Chin. her nickname ‘Coco’ was earned by her habit of riding in the Bois [de Boulogne] when the cocks were still crowing ‘cocorico.. musical director. Er-hong. 4. conjuror.. Br. Mlle. Yegishe Charents: Yegishe Abgarovich Sogomonyan (1897–1937). movie actor. The actor always harbored a desire to emulate his father Lon (originally Leonidas) Chaney (1883–1930). writer of fantasy fiction. Chapelle: Claude-Emmanuel Lhuillier (1626– 1686). U.S. She retained the name although soon divorcing him and marrying actor and singer Tony Martin.

U. Aunt Charlotte: Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823– 1901). novelist. He was adopted as son by the elderly childless reigning king.” “rush. folk singer. singer. In 1810 he he was elected Swedish crown prince. Austral. U. The actress adopted her father’s first name as her stage name. Charo: Maria del Rosario Pilar Martinez Molina Baeza (1948–). Austral.” while Felia suggests Finklea.” Leon Chasanowitsch: Kasriel Schub (1882– 1925). Eng. The writer took his name from the wellknown food company (Borden) and bank (Manhattan Chase). . Maria Charles: Maria Zena Schneider (1929–). Charley Chase: Charles Parrott (1893–1940). thriller writer. crime writer. rock songwriter. novelist. Jewish publicist.S. U. songwriter. Belorussian poet. and Sidorova may have been based on “Cyd. as “sea whirlpool” in its spoken form sounds like “C.S.S.” the writer’s mother’s first name.” Lidiya Charskaya: Lidiya Alekseyevna Churilova (1875–1937). Tonna published under her first names alone in order to protect her income from the claims of her first husband after the couple separated in around 1824. writer. Pamela Charles: Pamela Foster (1932–). Br. The creator of the debonair hero Simon Templar (criminal alias “The Saint”) adopted his new name by deed poll in 1926. Bobby Charles: Robert Charles Guidry (1938– 2010). jazz musician.”) She started in films in 1943. pop singer. Eng. pop singer. Eng. Gerda Charles: Edna Lipson (1914–1996).Charlene • Chase 102 writer of evangelical books for children. U. “to weary. Jamaican reggae musician. When the partnership dissolved in the late 1960s.-born king of Sweden. U. The setter’s pseudonym refers to the sea whirlpool of classical mythology. This was full of cops and robbers and four-letter words. Eng.S. Fawcett (1885–1960).S. The poet’s adopted plant name means “reed. novelist. mainly through Sweden’s wish to retain Napoleon’s goodwill. Beatrice Chase: Olive Katharine Parr (1874– 1955). née Browne (1790–1846). her original name.L. Harold Charles: Robert Charles A. In 1962 Tyrell formed a ska duo with Roy Willis as the Charmers. black popular singer. novelist. Woodhouse adopted a family name (his existing middle name) for his “rather violent detective story. movie. short-story writer. U. and took the name of Charles John (Karl Johan).-Chin. Br. Pol. Can. stage actress. mystery writer. Charles XIII (1748–1818). Hugh Charles: Charles Hugh Owen Ferry (1907–1995). Br. singer. songwriter. taking it from the colorful Scottish criminal Colonel Francis Charteris (1675–1732).” The Remington Set (1975). parentage. Charlene: Charlene Duncan (1950–). Brandon Chase: Alan Gary Zekley (1943– 1996). Charles XIV: [Count] Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (1763–1844). Kate Charles: Carol Ann Chase. U. She finally became Cyd Charisse when she was put under contract by MGM in 1946. Robinson dropped his surname so as not to be confused with the champion boxer Sugar Ray Robinson. beginning with Aunt Charlotte’s Stories of English History (1873). when she played bit parts as Lily Norwood. Poole. children’s poet. crossword compiler. His family still reigns today. of Eng. née Fosher (1950–). Eng.” her own first name. children’s writer.S. earlier Phelan. actress. An alteration of an awkward-sounding surname to a more euphonious one. The author used this name for a series of historical works for children. Fr. Ray Charles: Ray Charles Robinson (1930– 2004). while “Charles” is a family name. U. Bill Chase: William Edward Chiaiese (1934– 1974). he adopted the name for himself. Eng. John Charlton: Martin Charlton Woodhouse (1932–). Charles Chase Parr. Mikhas Charot: Mikhail Semyonovich Kudzelka (1896–1938). and “Edna. movie comedian. Chase also worked as a movie may have been an intentional pun on Russian istomit. The surname is sometimes rendered in the Russian form Kazanovich.S. composer. but also as a result of financial promises from Bernadotte himself. Leslie Charteris: Leslie Charles Bowyer Yin (1907–1993). Charlotte Elizabeth: Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna. labor leader. Teddy Charles: Theodore Charles Cohen (1928–). Chase was the middle name of the writer’s father. Singapore-born U.S. Russ. TV actress. jazz trumpeter. Poole (1951–). Lloyd Charmers: Lloyd Tyrell (1938–). Don Charles: Walter Stanley Scuffham (1933– 2005). Bernadotte rose to be a high-ranking officer in the French army and was held in favor by Napoleon when campaigning against Sweden in 1809. Alida Chase: Alida Anderson (1951–). so a different name was desirable in order not to shock his regular readers. On the death of Charles XIII the prince became king of Sweden and Norway. screenwriter.S. Eng.S. “Gerda” is a blend of “Gertrude. taking the regnal name and number of Charles XIV John (Karl XIV Johan). Borden Chase: Frank Fowler (1900–1971). ballet dancer. U. Charybdis: Chris L.

TV actor.. U. movie actor. crime writer. and Raymond Marshall. U. For his third book. Ambrose Grant. The actor’s grandmother nicknamed him “Chevy” after Chevy Chase. and Chekhov adopted it for several early. of Fr. Chevy Chase: Cornelius Crane Chase (1944–). Cheech: Richard Anthony Marin (1946–).103 director under his original name. Geoffrey Chater: Geoffrey Michael Chater Robinson (1921–). U. he not only abandoned his pseudonym but gave his full initials. Northumberland. DJ Dick Clark. movie actress.” Pierre Chenal: Pierre Cohen (1903–1991).’ Is there really any difference? . Raymond also wrote as James L. Eng. draftsman. which takes itself seriously. parentage. short-story writer. Some sources give his original surname as Stuchevsky. his scripture teacher at school in Taganrog. “cavalcade. when the Scots defeated Henry Percy (“Hotspur”). His first name was sometimes spelled “Charlie” in billings. Chin. Marin is said to have earned his nickname Chase • Cher from his fondness for the Chicano food specialty cheecharone (chicharones). a type of crackling. at Otterburn. Chekhonte for Motley Stories but added his real name in brackets. Motley Stories (1886). and was nicknamed Paddy for his attempts to get out of kitchen duty by saying he had to attend Catholic mass. black pop singer. The name was humorously given to the young Anton by Fr. P. Chekhov used over 40 pseudonyms at one time or another. James Hadley Chase: René Brabazon Raymond (1906–1985). 1926. Fr.” Joan Chen: Chen Chong (1961–).” a popular song of the turn of the 20th century. Sooner or later I shall have to give up writing anyway. which will stay with me to my dying day. engraver. In 1886 he explained to a journalist: “The pen name ‘A. .-born magician.” otherwise palmistry. and Picture Show reported on December 11. In the Gloaming (1887). also a writer [Dmitriyev.” In the event he used A.” “A Man With No Spleen. stand-up comic. Eng. residential suburb. Warner liked to claim he was really Count Louis le Warner de Hamon. Chekhov’ to ‘A.” meaning the chase or hunt of the Earl of Douglas among the Cheviot Hills for Percy of Northumberland. Eng. DC. The artist used this name for his drawings for comic postcards. The American-style name is appropriate for an author whose fiction was set in the United States. illustrator. movie comedian.-born U. movie.” to avoid any confusion with his brother Alexander. teaming with Chong. especially as the skirmish was the (romanticized) subject of the 15th-century Ballad of Chevy Chase. Its own name is said to derive from a form of French chevauchée. Eng. cartoonist. Tales of Melpomene (1884). Russ. including (in translation) “A Doctor With No Patients. the Washington. I have devoted my surname to medicine.” adopted in English for a mounted raid on enemy territory. Chefalo: Ralfo Cefalo (1885–1963). Maryland. The name here is understood as “Cheviot chase. Chubby Checker: Ernest Evans (1941–). I have gotten used to it. Cheiro: William Warner (1866–1936). His response: “I don’t see why the public should prefer ‘An. comparing the musician to Fats Domino.. Secondly.” “My Brother’s Brother. and for the hobby of writing. lighter writings in various magazines. movie director. The name as a whole suggests “Chase Me Charlie. dancer. Paddy Chayefsky: Sidney Aaron Chayefsky (1923–1981). however.S.” Antosha Chekhonte: Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860–1904).” “domino” to “checker”). whom he resembled when young (“fat” to “chubby. playwright. and he liked giving amusing names to his students generally. “An. Chekhov used the name for his first book. The duo broke in 1985 because of creative differences. but it arose back in the hazy days of my youth.S. It. Docherty. Chekhonte. but is more likely to come from the battle of Chevy Chase (1388).S.S. and so no longer regard it as strange. The title pages of some of Cheiro’s books inform readers that the name is “pronounced KI-RO. but was advised to use his real name for his second.” and “A Prosaic Poet. England.” It was not Chekhov alone that Pokrovsky selected for this treatment. Fr. John Baptist Claude Chatelaine: Jean-Baptiste Claude Philippe (1710–1771). He took his professional name from the Greek element “cheir-” meaning “hand” that gave English “cheiromancy. there should be different names for medicine. U. that he had legally changed his name from Parrott to Chase.S.-born U. writer on palmistry. stage. Cheero: George Ernest Studdy (1878–1948).S. Chekhonte’ may seem somewhat weird and wonderful. but that was his mother’s maiden name. dramatist. cartoonist.S. Pokrovsky. The nickname was given him by the wife of U. The name originated as a punning nickname..S. screenwriter. Chinese “Chong” has here become English “Joan.95]. Cher: Cherilyn Sarkisian LaPiere (1946–). near the Scottish border. p. Ir. Theobald Chaubert see Berthold Auerbach Daniel Chaucer see Ford Madox Ford Chaval: Yvan Le Louarn (1915–1968). Chayefsky was an ill-disciplined and indolent soldier when serving in the army in Germany. U.

and Day Labourers in Great Britain. traveler. rock singer. Br. Chinko: Thomas Cromwell-Knox (1880– 1943). Will Chip: Hannah More (1745–1833). Fr. Eng. Br. Br. Denise Chesterton see Denise Robins Robert Chetwyn: Robert Suckling (1933–). El Paquiro. Br. This gave his adopted name. Ch. El Chiclanero: José Redondo (1818–1853). Neneh Cherry: Neneh Mariann Karlsson (1964–). Br. Szymin created an abbreviated phonetic form of his surname. stage actor. Sonny Chiba: Sadao Maeda (1939–). Pol. pop singer. Eng.. stage actor. Charles B. “grime” artist. musician.S.-African parentage. C. of Swe.” referring to the Basque city in northern Spain where he beat Spain’s reigning pelota champion at the young age of 16. The author used this name for a tract of 1793 on the reform of the conditions of the poor. Peter Cheyney: Reginald Evelyn Peter Southouse-Cheyney (1896–1951). entertainer. The matador was born in Chiclana. The singer adopted the name of her stepfather. artist. stage actress. movie actress. together with a cousin.-born U. On quitting school the future DJ worked at his brother’s Fried Chicken restaurant in downtown Kingston. (2) Scott Williams (1901–1967). Jewish parentage. Jap. Native American movie actor. formerly teaming with husband Sonny. Chief Thundercloud: (1) Victor Daniels (1899– 1955). He later used the name David Seymour as an anglicized form of his original name. actress. The player’s name means “The Kid from Eibar. The artist adopted her new name in 1970 from the city of her birth. Jamaican pop musician.S. Sp.” sung while strutting and beating his chest. the birthplace of his master. U. which he personified in his one hit. a Country Carpenter. of Native American descent. Leslie Cheung : Cheung Kwok Wing (1956– 2003). Childs: Charles Vernon Frost (1903–). Br. née Cohen (1939–).S. Norley Chester: Emily Underdown (fl. By Will Chip. . with full title: Village Politics. U. SF. Gwen Cherrell: Gwen Chambers (1926–). jazz trumpeter Don Cherry. The artist’s signature arose as a contraction of his childhood nickname “Chickabiddy. Chess was raised in Chicago. recording executive. The writer adopted a plant name meaning “bird-cherry tree. Ching Ling Foo: Chee Ling Qua (1854–1922). crime novelist. Eng. Br. Cheshire. On moving from Poland to France in 1933. bullfighter. novelist. near Cadiz in southwest Spain. Fr. illustrator. Marko Cheremshina: Ivan Yuryevich Semanyuk (1874–1927). and in 1997 Leonard’s son.” Rose Chéri: Rose-Marie Cizos (1824–1861). Br. Basque pelota player. In 1946 he and his brother.Cheremshina • Chiquito d’Eibar 104 Chicken Chest: Alton O’Reilly (1962–). of Pol. mystery writer. Chipmunk: Jahmaal Noel Fyffe (1991–). writer.” He was born in the southwest of France near the Spanish border in the small resort town of Cambo-les-Bains. The sportsman adopted his Spanish nickname. Eng. fantasy novelist. Phil. Leonard Chess: Lazar Shmuel Czyz (1917–1969). Weatherby Chesney: Charles John Cutliffe Wright Hyne (1865–1944). Cherryh: Carolyn Janice Cherry (1942–).-born magician. Ir. Chim: David Szymin (1911–1956). originally spelling it “CHIM” (pronounced “Sheem”) in capital letters. movie actress. Betty Chester: Elizabeth Grundtvig (1895– 1943). where he often entertained the customers by chanting in a DJ style. U.J.1900s). Journeymen. Hampert adopted his new name in 1977 from the nickname he was given as a teenager in a punk band. martial arts champion. with the odd crowing thrown in. Basque pelota player. Eng. radio. founded Czyz Records.” Judy Chicago: Judy Gerowitz. Eng. Sp. Chic: Cyril Alfred Jacob (1926–). Minoru Chiaki: Katsuji Sasaki (1917–1999).S. Chiquito de Cambo: Joseph Apesteguy (1881– 1955). stage. movie actor. and adopted the name accordingly. movie actor. Walter Chiari: Walter Annichiarico (1924– 1991). writer. movie actor. religious writer. feminist artist. The writer appears to have taken her genderless name from the village of Norley. In 1950 Aristocrat was succeeded by Chess Records. Addressed to All Mechanics. Ukr. playwright. where his immigrant family settled in 1928. Jap. stage juggler. It. black hip-hop. cartoonist.S. Billy Childish: William Charles Hamper (1959–). Maria Chevska: Maria Elizabeth Skwarczewska (1948–). photojournalist. novelist. The company was sold off in 1975. Hong Kong movie actor. brother of Teddy Knox. Marshall Chess (1942–). and the nearby city of Chester. recording blues artists such as Muddy Waters. Charlie Chester: Cecil Victor Manser (1914– 1997). movie actor. Chiquito d’Eibar: Indalecio Sarasqueta (1860– 1928). founded Aristocrat Records. painter. Kevin Chess. U. meaning “The Kid from Cambo. “Ragamuffin Selector.

Paul Christian: Paul Hubschmid (1917–). “thousand” + yo. Eng. theologian. Miss Christine: Christine Frka (1950–1972). Ind. Chuckle Brothers: Paul Elliot (?–). but continued to be known as Paul Christian in the Englishspeaking world on account of his films that had reached the international market.” “generation” + no. He also used the name “Christopher. cartoonist. U. of whom he was a descendant. Eng. Jamaican rock musician. from his habit of calling into bars up and down Spain and asking for a chopera. Austr. lexicographer. Belorussian writer. children’s writer. his . William Godfrey.” presumably referring to his appearance. Kin Chong (1938–). George Chowdharay-Best: Vijay Chowdharay (1935–2000). Gali Chokry: Mukhammetgali Gabdelsalikhovich Kiyekov (1826–1889). Ada Christen: Christiane Frideriks (1844–1901).-born magician. the name of the girl he hoped to marry. Chocolat was a mulatto. movie comedian. where he reverted to his original name. working in Germany. U. stand-up comic. After his father died in 1959. dramatist. satirical journalist. pop singer. Chiyonofuji: Akimoto Mitsugu (1955–). movie actress. movie actor. “of ”). Gk. Other names used by the writer include Hilary Ford. Chrys: George Fraser Chrystal (1921–1972).” “age. (Bashkir) poet. Can. religious leader. Fr. rich voice rather than for his dark skin. Christodoulos: Christos Paraskevaidis (1939– 2008). Austr. Peter Nichols. The artist was nicknamed “Chris Wren” after the architect Sir Christopher Wren (1632–1723). Chryssa: Chryssa Vardea Mavromichaeli (1933–). pop musician. and Anthony Rye. to his surname. Wheatley (1901–1964). The writer was illegitimate. Chris: Ernest Alfred Wren (1908–1982). Chubb Rock: Richard Simpson (1968–). The singer first used the name Sharon Leslie before settling on the more musical June Christy in 1945. flamenco singer. Manolo Chopera: Manuel Martínez Flamarique (1928–2002).105 Chiranjeevi: Shivashankara Varaprasad (1955–). and adopted her stepfather’s surname. Sc. so named for his skin color. The entertainer is usually billed as “Magic Christian. movie actor. political. The taurophile was so nicknamed by his father. née Bichler (1881–1920). Christopher see Alexandre Darlaine Dennis Christopher: Dennis Carelli (1955–). John Christopher: Christopher Samuel Youd (1922–). Christo: Christo Javacheff (1935–). historian. Christian: Christian Stelzel (1945–). working in U. U.S. Sp. parentage. Chrysander: Wilhelm Christophe Juste Goldmann (1718–1778). Peter Graaf. The champion wrestler was granted a shikona (fighting name) meaning “Fuji of a thousand generations” ( Japanese chi.” Lena Christ: Magdalena Benedix.S. A. ma- Chiranjeevi • Chuckle Brothers gician. SF novelist. Br. Virginia Christine: Virginia Christine Kraft (1917–1996). writer. The writer’s adopted surname means “black. Tony Christie: Anthony Fitzgerald (1944–). Edler von Chlumberg (1897–1930).S. writer. “Manolo” is a pet form of “Manuel. jazz singer. The writer adopted the name of his native village as his new surname. Eng.S. Linda Christian: Bianca Rosa Welter (1923–).B. actress. cartoonist. Eng.S. bullfight promoter. The actor took his new name in 1949 when offered work in Hollywood. The singer adopted his nickname. Fr.-born U. teaming with George Footit. sculptor. sports cartoonist. Russ. June Christy: Shirley Luster (1925–1990). and derived his pen name from this. Austral. Chocolat: Rafael Padilla (1868–1917). the writer was baptized into the Church of England and altered his first name to the Christian name George while adding Best. Christophe: Georges Colomb (1856–1945).” a name perhaps suggested by the 1969 movie The Magic Christian. Chong: Thomas B. He returned to Germany a few years later. Gk. pop musician. Hans Chlumberg: Hans Bardach. of part-Du. TV comedian. Fr. Professeur Choron: Georges Bernier (1929– 2005). The scholar adopted the Greek equivalent of his family name. Christian-Jaque: Christian Albert François Maudet (1904–1994).” Kuzma Chorny: Nikolay Karlovich Romanovsky (1900–1944).S. sumo wrestler. Compare the name of Sasha Chyorny. U.S. Chop Chop: Alvin H.S. movie director. Jap. “world. Br. Sp. U. U. rock musician. his wife.-born Br. artist. Lou Christie: Lugee Alfredo Giovanni Sacco (1943–). Neil Christian: Christopher Tidmarsh (1943–). TV comedian + Barry Elliot (1944–). Ger. Ind. or glass of wine. Mexican movie actress. illustrator.-born U. writer. writer. El Chocolate: Antonio de la Santisima Trinidad Núñez Montoya (1930–2005). also in the bullfight business.S. Swissborn movie actor. teaming with Cheech. Austr. given him for his warm. Ger. Cuban circus clown. teaming with Jeanne-Claude. Bulg.

usually consisting of a first name of classical bucolic form and a second name relating to a region of Arcadia in Greece. It. by which she was known for the rest of her career and long life. and means effectively “bullheaded. (“Billy”) Robinson in the U. “fat”).S. near Florence. Giuseppe brother. The secret agent. the first published fantasy for children. he modeled himself on a real Chinese conjuror. (Foxy Brown’s second album.) Sasha Chyorny: Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Glikberg (1880–1932). started signing his work with exactly the same name. conjuror. Eng.born It. It. (Compare the entry below.” presumably referring to his appearance. Ching Ling Foo.1240– c. It. having married French tenor Maurice Sens in 1923. at the same time adopting a new patronymic (middle name).Chukovsky • Cinquevalli 106 Knatchbull-Hugessen. La Cicciolina: Ilona Staller (1955–). near Florence. Glikberg was not too pleased when in the 1910s another writer. Ching accused Campbell of being an impostor. children’s writer. poet. “because his information spoke so eloquently. The poet adopted this name on entering the Academy of Arcadia (see Aglauro Cidonia). Joanie Laurer first entered the ring as Joanie Lee but was renamed Chyna by Hunter Hearst Helmsley. The artist was named after his birthplace.” from Italian cima. poet.” “head. née Cigna (1900– 2001). military leader. the nickname given him by Muslim soldiers.” Chung Ling Soo: William Ellsworth Campbell (1861–1918).S. U. clergyman.1302). Chulpan: Abdul-Khamid Suleyman ogly Yunusov (1893–1937).” “alien. writer. poet. Eng. In 1929 she sang as Gina Cigna. The poet adopted her pseudonym in 1704 on becoming a member of the Academy of Arcadia.1270– 1336). which means “the little plump one” (Italian ciccia. Gina Cigna: Ginetta Sens. painter. painter. “ox. The Castilian national hero’s name. The media personality accepted her (pet) nickname. Cimabue: Bencivieni (or Cenni) di Pepo (c. British ambassador to neutral Turkey.1043–1099).” The 1st-century BC Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero was a noted orator. Pol. religious writer. wrestler. literary critic. Nikolay Chuzhak: Nikolay Fyodorovich Nasimovich (1876–1937). The writer’s adopted name means “morning star. However. Russ. Cigoli. poet. juggler. Korney Ivanovich Chukovsky: Nikolay Vasilyevich Korneychukov (1882–1969). this impersonation made him all the more popular with his audiences. the Italian literary circle founded in 1690 with the aim of idealizing pastoral life on classical lines. It. Lesbia Cidonia: Paolina Grismondi Secco Suardi (1746–1801). Fr. Compare the name of Kuzma Chorny. Hung. “top.) Ciceruacchio: Angelo Brunetti (1800–1849). lawyer. The artist originally used the name William E. Staffordshire. meaning “crafty Cicero. Russ. His code name of Cicero was given him by the former German chancellor. wrote several religious books and a work on churches but used this name for The Hope of the Katzekopfs (1844).S.-born It. U. opera singer. The activist’s adopted name means “stranger. Her second name was later taken by Lesbia Cidonia. He is also known as El Campeador. who hired her as his bodyguard in 1997. and he admitted it. politician. means “the lord” (Arabic as-saiyid). one of the most famous spies of World War II. The poet’s adopted surname means “black.” Chyna: Joan Marie Laurer (1970–). architect. poet. who had toured successfully in the USA.” Cino da Pistoia: Cino dei Sighibuldi (c.” and bue.” a slang term for a beautiful woman. novelist. Albanian spy. Cicero: Elyesa Bazna (1904–1970). revolutionary. (Compare the entry above. released in 1999. the humorist Aleksandr Sokolov. The name reveals something of the artist’s proud and impetuous nature. “the champion. revolutionary. reverting to her maiden name. It.” Elizabeth Churchill see Bruce Carter William Churne of Staffordshire: [Rev.-born U. The soprano made her debut in 1927 as Genoveffa Sens. literary critic. was called Chyna Doll. The name itself was said to mean “very good luck. The brothers became popular for their longrunning children’s TV show Chucklevision. jurist. porno movie actress. worked for Nazi Germany while employed as a valet to Sir Hughe Montgomery . Presumably the name is a short (and respelled) form of “China doll. The activist adopted his nickname. The writer used his surname to form a new first and last name.) Marcus Tullius Cicero: William Melmoth the Elder (1666–1743). The performer adopted the name of his tutor in the art. It. It arose as a nickname. The three-part name was the true one of the 1st-century BC Roman orator.” The Cid: Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (c. near Lichfield. Il Cigoli: Ludovico Cardi (1559–1613). wife of Tirsi Lucasio. The rector of Elford. Uzbek writer. Russ. in Spanish El Cid. Paul Cinquevalli: Emile Otto Lehmann-Braun (1859–1918).” Aglauro Cidonia: Faustina Maratti Zappi (1679–1745).] Francis Edward Paget (1806–1882). Sp.S. among whom he was very popular. Franz von Papen. mosaicist. All of its members assumed pseudonyms. When in England in 1900. The writer is named for his native town of Pistoia.

107 Chiese-Cinquevalli. U. tragic actress. statesman + James Madison (1751– 1836). née Craig (1758– 1841). Eng. Sc. Buddy Clark: Samuel Goldberg (1912–1949). fashion designer. Tim Cladpole (1844). “Claribel” also exists as a literary name implying “bright and beautiful. Clark. The three men adopted the unified name for their essays in the Federalist in favor of the new U. Eng.S. Claribel: Charlotte Barnard. Eng. or. p. Tim Cladpole: Richard Lower (1782–1865). Al C. and acted as Agnes Stanfield. McLehose met Robert Burns at a soirée and began a correspondence with the poet. working in U. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. Rose. movie director. Clairon: Claire-Josèphe-Hippolyte Léris de la Tude (1723–1803). Fr. In 1787 Mrs.S. The Travels and Observations of Hareach the Prolonged (1820). stage.. The artist’s new first name arose as a nickname. actress. he encoded . writer.-born U.S. Clark: John Galt (1779–1839). U. itself from the town of Oswaldtwistle. McElhenney. writer. Emily Clark see Greta Garbo Jean Clark see Greta Garbo Joan Clark see Carolyn Keene Ossie Clark: Raymond Clark (1942–1996). and written in pure Sussex doggerel by his Uncle Tim (1831). and McEthenney.K. critic. U. Austr. His original name is given in some sources as Paul Kestner.1845– 1932).S. U. Lower took this name for Tom Cladpole’s Journey to Lunnon. Eng. previously Field. He chose that of a friend. movie actress. comedian. Petula Clark: Petula Sally Olwen Clark (1932–). Clark: Donald Goines (1937–1974). After settling in Britain to escape Nazi persecution.S. when his publishers asked him to adopt a pen name. U. Louis CK: Louis Szekely (1968–). The poet. The writer’s pen name means “bugle. statesman. It happens to be suitable for the director’s art and style. McElhenny. Austin Clare: Wilhelmina Martha James (c. movie actress. She actually called herself Ada McElhenny. lucis. Eng. Goines published under his own name until 1974. A Citizen of New York: Alexander Hamilton (1737–1804). Galt used this name for The Wandering Jew.1836–1874). writer. popular singer. McElhinney. the author anglicized his name on joining the Royal Artillery in 1943. directed against the evils of slavery. The actor was billed under his real name until the early 1940s.S. who renamed him Dane Clark “in a clear attempt to make him the new John Garfield” [Maltin. Lancashire. letter writer. popular singer. movie actor. dialect poet. while he was Sylvander. Dane Clark: Bernard Zanville (1913–1998). and his articles were noted for their “bite” and belligerence. Ina Claire: Ina Fagan (1892–1985).” and refers to his prominent critical “voice.S. writer of popular ballads. jurist. Her original surname is also given as McEhenney. The initials represent a simplified form of the comic’s original Hungarian surname. Constitution (1787–88). movie actress.S. Susan Clark: Nora Golding (1940–). of Jewish parentage.” Leopoldo Alas (as he was usually known) was a highly influential critic. Rev.S.” as a poet or singer should be. formed her name from letters in her real name.S. businessman. movie actress. The actress’s stage name not only echoes her first name but is also the French word for “bugle. U.” Henrietta Clandon see John Haslette Eric Clapton: Eric Patrick Clapton (1945–). “light”). The name had earlier been adopted by the English poet Sarah Egerton. written all in rhyme by his Father. Many sources give the singer’s original name as “Sally Owen” [sic]. They subsequently adopted the joint name Publius. Bernice Claire: Bernice Jahnigan (1911–). Al C. née Alington (1830–1869). when he was signed by Warner Bros. U. but this was the name of Jack Clapp. Mlle. née Fyge (between 1669 and 1672–1722). Ada Clare: Jane McElheney (c. rock guitarist. second husband of his grandmother. Eng. René Clair: René-Lucien Chomette (1898– 1981). This was the most common pseudonym used by McElheney. president + John Jay (1745–1829).153]. T. A later composition was Jan Cladpole’s Trip to Merricur. Mavis Clair: Mavis Tunnell (1916–). Sc. poet. black novelist. novelist. who raised Eric following his birth to Patricia Clapton and a Canadian serviceman. Eng.” so that the name presumably relates to “Lucien” (Latin lux. Clarinda: Agnes McLehose. U.” “light. Fr.S. U. stage actress. McEthenery. Clarín: Leopoldo Enrique García Alas y Ureña (1852–1901). now remembered only for “Come back to Erin” (1866). Can.S. It is possible the actress took her name from the character Mavis Clair in Marie Corelli’s novel The Sorrows of Satan (1895). McElheny. Sp. told by himself. French clair means “clear. The musician’s original name is given in many sources as Clapp.” “bright. where he was raised in World War II. Citizen of New York • Clark George Clare: Georg Klaar (1920–2009). For the purposes of this he named her Clarinda. For the astute reader. She also wrote as Clare and Alastor. novelist. Chomette first adopted the name as an actor in 1920. U.

black soul singer.C. writer.S.P. romantic novelist. rock drummer. Archibald Jobbry. as sometimes supposed. It. née Stansbury (1801–1864). He was also known by the Muslim name Liaqat Ali Salaam and by the nickname “Klook.” “Nevertheless. fashion designer. Eng. of Pol. of which he was editor. close to “Clarke. Eduard Claudius: Eduard Schmidt (1911–1976). short-story writer. stage. actress. poet. Fr. Eng. journalist. Joe Clay: Claiborne Joseph Cheramie (1939–). “Clauren” is an near-anagram of “Carl Heun. Kenny Clarke: Kenneth Clarke Spearman (1914–1985). Heinrich Clauren: Karl Gottlieb Samuel Heun (1771–1854). soldier.” “All. U. of course.” Michael Clarke: Michael James Dick (1946– 1993). U.S. but then prefixed that with Jean as if it were a surname. scholar. (It is also.” “To. The singer’s recording company had wanted to rename her Amanda Knight.” “Literally. John Clarke: Richard Cromwell (1626–1712). The pianist’s original surname was liable to be mispronounced abroad. See also Mark Carrel. Hauff used this name for . Clay: Charlotte Monica Braeme (1836–1884).” “Greatness. jazz singer.O. Spearman dropped his surname after moving to New York City in 1935. Ger. The eldest son of Oliver Cromwell used this name when living in seclusion in Paris from 1659 to 1680. The musician turned his nickname into a new surname. Clarke see Abbé Bossut Robert Clarke: Robert Graine (?–1675).S.” short for “Klookmop. Clauren: Wilhelm Hauff (1802–1827). a parody of Heinrich Clauren. U. blues musician. U.S. Bertha M. Ger. “Lorrain” is not the artist’s surname. The author used this protective name for A New Home —Who’ll Follow? (1839). theater manager. Rev. and historian. Eng. The scholar may have adopted a name related etymologically to “cleric. It was thus altered by composers and record producers Olivier Toussaint and Paul de Senneville to that of his greatgrandmother. The writer used this name for a series of letters published in the British Weekly. Tom Clay: Thomas Clayque (1929–1995). Eng. The writer adopted his name in honor of the 1st-century AD Roman emperor. U. Fr.S. née Gordine (1928–1997). editor.” as a clerk was originally a learned or literate person. The charmschool head assumed the name of the existing Lucie Clayton Model and Charm School founded in 1928 by Sylvia Golledge. novelist.” Mrs.S.” and as such distinguished him from other artists named Claude. Clark-Bekederemo: John Pepper Clark (1935–). The actor was billed as simply Claudio at the start of his career. Thomas Duffle. U. Kate Claxton: Catherine Elizabeth Cone (1848–1924). H. landscape painter. cousin of Carey Bell. writer. Nigerian poet.E. Two further selections of letters appeared subsequently as The Day Book of Claudius Clear (1905) and A Bookman’s Letters (1913). George Clarke: George Broome (1886–1946). Wace he wrote an early (1881) book on Tennyson.” referring to his unexpectedly accented beats on the drums. Sc. but represents Lorraine.” “Over. movie comedian. while other names were Man of Kent and O. Richard Clayderman: Philippe Pages (1953–). procureuse. Br. movie director. née Wolff (1860–1908).S. novelist.Clark-Bekederemo • Cleishbotham 108 his novel Der Mann im Monde (“The Man in the Moon”) (1826).S. Lucas Cleeve: Adeline Georgina Isabella Kingscote. U. short-story writer. C. Mary Clavers: Caroline Matilda Kirkland. U. As W. the region of France where he was born and where. and Samuel Prior. novelist. Lucie Clayton: Evelyn Florence Kark.S. “Mae” from “Mary” and “Clarke” from “Klotz. Madame Claude: Fernande Grudet (1924–). whom he admired. for a short period in 1625. J. Claudius Clear: [Sir] William Robertson Nicoll (1851–1923). U. Jedediah Cleishbotham: [Sir] Walter Scott his real name in the first letters of the sentences in the book’s final paragraph: “If. Jean Claudio: Claude Martin (1927–). as well as for Letters on Life (1901). Clasio: Luigi Fiacchi (1754–1825). Shirley Clarke: Shirley Brimberg (1919–1997). Claude Lorrain: Claude Gellée (1600–1682).” “History. popular pianist. he worked. U. movie actress. bandleader. parentage. Fr.S. Lou Clayton: Louis Finkelstein (1887–1950). Ger. U. Nathan Butt.”) Mae Clarke: Mary Klotz (1907–1992).S. juvenile movie actor. later Gatewood (1938– 2001). Eng. black jazz drummer.”) Galt also wrote as Micah Balwhidder. vaudeville actor. rockabilly guitarist. Jay Clayton: Judith Colantone (1941–). Eng. writer. U. priest.S. The name thus means “Claude the Lorrainer. Rosamund Clay: Ann Oakley (1944–). Eddy Clearwater: Edward Harrington (1935–). politician. Fr. Andrew “Dice” Clay: Andrew Clay Silverstein (1958–). a semifictional personal account of Michigan frontier life. writer of Latin poems.” (The “I” of “If ” is the “J” of “John. U. movie actor. Judy Clay: Judy Guions.S. DJ.

) This particular name was used for the four series of his Tales of My Landlord (1816). Clement IX: Giulio Rospigliosi (1600–1669). Eng. It. pope. Eng. composer. It. the novel Incognita. Clifford after the death of her husband. Clement XIV: Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli (1705–1774). children’s writer. seem unlikely. pope. although some later pontiffs who took new names also had short reigns. writer. Clement XII. It.S. pope. The writer’s middle name. Clement XII: Lorenzo Corsini (1652–1740). But such a distinction. novelist. was his mother’s maiden name. pope. who pointed out that many popes who had preserved their original names had died in the first year of their pontificates. Clement VII: Giulio de’ Medici (1478–1534). It. 1555). It. It. It. pope. poet. folk musician. Br.” Clemens non Papa: Jacob (or Jacques) Clement (c. “to whip”). pope. movie comedian. with the author supposedly a schoolmaster and parish clerk. The pontiff adopted the name of his patron. N. SF writer. Hal Clement: Harry Clement Stubbs (1922– 2003). U. Clerihew: Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875– 1956). but was dissuaded from doing so by the conclave of cardinals.” for his first published work. Ir. pope. who had created him cardinal in 1737.K. Clement VIII: Ippolito Aldobrandini (1536– 1605). Fr. . Jamaican reggae singer. Lewis (as he was usually known) used this name for A Grief Observed (1961). Br. some of whom were elderly or ill (or both). 1817. stage. of which he became editor. U.109 (1771–1832).W. Clement IX. pope. children’s writer. whom she had married in 1875. Clement XI. and then suddenly popping out upon us in another. Flemish composer. especially the first. pope. The pontiff adopted the name of his patron. or Love and Duty Reconciled (1692). if only because the name did not appear on publications until 14 years after the pope’s death. The name ties in well with these two roles: “Jedediah” is a typical Puritan name. writer. Eng. Eng. It. pope. Clement XI: Giovanni Francesco Albani (1649– 1721). Greek for “lover of fame. (Others were Chrystal Croftangry and Captain Cuthbert Clutterbuck. It was certainly true of Marcellus II. Janita Cleve see Fenton Brockley Jimmy Cliff : James Chambers (1948–).S. one of the few popes in modern times to retain his baptismal name. Shakespearean forger. King Clement see Baron Corvo Arthur Clements: Andrew Clement Baker (1842–1913). novelist. a variant on his first two names. Martin Clifford see Frank Richards Vivian Erle Clifford see Marie Corelli Bill Clifton: William August Marburg (1931–). number of the Quarterly Review commented: “Why he should industriously endeavour to elude observation by taking leave of us in one character.1260–1314). and “Cleishbotham” means “whip-bottom” (Scottish dialect cleish. who had created him cardinal in 1759. It. written following the death of his wife. One of the humorous pen names devised by the Scottish writer. A writer in the January. Clement II: Suidger (?–1047). who also lived and worked in his birthtown of Ypres. née Lane (1853–1929). pope. Charles Clifford: William Henry Ireland (1777– 1835). we cannot pretend to guess without knowing more of his personal reasons for preserving so strict an incognito than has hitherto reached us. Laddie Cliff: Clifford Albyn Perry (1891–1937). The writer used this name. or (if meaning “not Papa”) from the Flemish poet Jacobus Papa. The musician changed his name in the early 1960s. Fr.179]. presumably to become Julius III. pope. for articles in the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.1510–c. E. Clement XIII: Carlo della Torre Rezzonico (1693–1769). poet. Lucy Lane Clifford: Sophia Lucy Clifford. Clement X: Emilio Bonaventura Altieri (1590– Clemens non Papa • Clifton 1676). This was true of certain early popes. journalist. which has passed into the language as the term for a type of short comic verse. He himself gave the name of Clement XIII. Clement VI: Pierre Roger (1291–1352).1195–1268). Clement XIII. Cleophil: William Congreve (1670–1729). The pontiff assumed his name in honor of his predecessor. mathematics professor William Kingdon Clifford (1845–1879). Fr. Sc. who died after only three weeks in office (April 9–May 1. who had created him cardinal in 1706. such as John V and Conon in the 7th century. novelist. dramatist. Clement V: Bertrand de Got (c. The pontiff adopted the name of his patron. and “the probability is that it was a joke” [Kennedy. Clement IV: Guy Folques (or Guido Fulconi) (c.1556). Clerk: Clive Staples Lewis (1898–1963). He in turn gave the name of Clement XIV. Clement had wished to keep his original name. The author wrote as Mrs.S. C. It. p. Clement III: Paolo Scolari (?–1191). pope. choosing “Cliff ” because it implied the “heights” to which he aspired. poet. The name or nickname by which the composer is generally known may have been intended (if meaning “not the pope”) to distinguish him from Clement VII. W. Congreve used this name.

Austr. journalist. In giving this name to the central character. but I know I really thought I should. Islington. for the great Patsy Cline: Virginia Patterson Hensley (1932– 1963). leader. Colin Clout: Edmund Spenser (c. Br. divorced Roger in 1962 but soon after remarried him. Rose. poet. Kitty Clive: Catherine Raftor (1711–1785). TV actor. published anonymously. as the places where he lived and worked. The artist came to be known by a diminutive form of his first name. working in U. novelist.S. “Shortly before she took Daddy back. Brazilian transexual model. president. so that “Office” means “government office.S. sculptor. Fr. Skeltons vnder that title. The self-styled “Orator of Mankind.. The actor assumed this name. while her new surname was that of her first husband. the name I had been using for years. for his precocity as a poet and his taste for historical subjects. Clio: (1) Joseph Addison (1672–1719). Fr. fashion designer.S. U. I went down to the courthouse and had my name changed legally from Blythe to Clinton. U. the son of Chayskagah (White Buffalo) and Aboogenewingah (Hummingbird).. In 1733 the actress married George Clive. . William Jefferson Blythe. Close was born a hermaphrodite but was raised as a boy. Eng. Glynn married his cousin. but he was named Henry Cloud by a reservation school administrator. Clinton’s mother. Br. writer. in World War I with the aim of disguising his Teutonic provenance. Roberta Close: Luiz Roberto Gambine Moreira (1964–). physician. The 42nd president of the United States (1993–2001) took his surname from his stepfather. movie actor. Her father turned her out of the family home at the age of 14. actress. the battleground).S. U. Gerald Cline (married 1953. where she lived under the name Luiza Gambine. Eng. dramatist.S. U. movie actor. country singer.1552–1599). essayist. (2) Thomas Rickman (1761–1834). He used it as late as 1919 as director of The Secret Garden. thinking it much fitter. John Clive: Clive John Hambley (1938–). When the journalist held a government post in Shantung in World War I. bookseller. The Reader’s Handbook. from which she adopted her new name. the Office.e. three months before his son was born. Anacharsis Cloots: Jean-Baptiste du Val-deGrâce. Baron de Cloots (1755–1794). Colin Clive: Colin Clive-Greig (1898–1937). Walter C. chose a name that punningly mocked his aristocratic ancestry.”) But they could equally represent the individual initials that he used when signing letters to the Spectator. Clive: Clive Evans (1933–). Clodion: Claude Michel (1738–1814). Eng. divorced 1957).Cline • Clout 110 G. Bill Clinton: William Jefferson Blythe III (1946–). While an undergraduate at Yale he was adopted by Dr. writer. It arose as a nickname when he was a student. 1882]. died in an auto accident in 1946. Native American educator.. a barrister. My Life. London. in a certein Æglogue. movie. the Muse of history.” born into a Prussian family of Dutch descent. a shepherd boy. (He was a civil servant. editor. poet. reformer. and took her name on inheriting a considerable property from her father. and she began her career in 1981 when she appeared almost nude in a magazine called Close. Henry Rose Cloud: Wohnaxilayhunga (1884– 1950). The singer’s new first name came from her middle name. of The Shepheardes Calender (1579). The two names have different origins. Upton Close: Josef Washington Hall (1894– 1960). then such Latine names. Robert Clobery: Robert Glynn (1719–1800). 2004]. For Addison. and vsed of the French Poete Marot . who gave him his middle name. His Indian name means Chief of the Place of Fear (i. revolutionary. partly because [younger brother] Roger was about to start school and I didn’t want the differences in our lineage ever to be an issue for him. and yet haue I sene a Poesie of M. as sometime did Virgil vnder the name of Tityrus.S. Walter Clinton: William Henry Davenport Adams (1828–1891). And of course they also form the name of Clio. Eng.” But he could equally have intended a reference to the 6th-century BC Scythian traveler and philosopher Anacharsis. Virginia Dell Blythe. Cobham Brewer. Spenser spelled out in a “Glosse” that he was referring to himself: “Colin Clovte is a name not greatly vsed.-born U. Jr. Eng. This notation later produced his pen name. since Greek anacharsis means “graceless. partly because I just wanted the same name as the rest of my family” [Bill Clinton. poet. She underwent a sexchange operation in 1989 and subsequently moved to Switzerland. I’m still not sure exactly why I did it. Vnder which name this Poete secretly shadoweth himself. the letters represented Chelsea. Nebraska. Roger Clinton. Lucy Clobery. But indeede the word Colin is Frenche. The educator was born on the Winnebago reservation. he learned of the Japanese invasion and put “up close” on his messages to indicate his position near the front. Butler Clonblough: Gustav von Seyffertitz (1863–1943). “The baron wished by the name to intimate that his own object in life was like that of Anacharsis” [E. and although they soon parted she kept his name for her stage appearances. Eng. almost as esoteric as the original. which was the sense chosen by Rickman. Eng. His biological father. and Mrs.

movie actress. Can. as if from Italian pitocco. Irving used this name for his contributions to Salmagundi (1808).S. Sheila Coates see Charlotte Lamb Arnett Cobb: Arnette Cleophus Cobbs (1918– 1989). For his first name. in the West Country. Tom Cobbleigh: Walter Raymond (1852–1931). The singer’s name arose as a nickname. Jan Stewer. basing it on his real name. Pierre Coalfleet: Frank Cyril Shaw Davison (1893–1960). Raymond was born in Somerset.I. Phyllis Coates: Gipsy Ann Stell (1925–). taking a name to match. Charles Coborn: Colin Whitton McCallum (1852–1945). Johannes Cochlaeus: Johannes Dobeneck (or Dobneck) (1479–1552). 2008].K. originated as a pet form of Nicholas.” referring to the shepherd’s ragged clothes. Merlin Cocai: Teofilo Folengo (1491–1544). both in English-speaking countries and elsewhere. writer on the countryside. U. Austral. however. The macaronic poet was baptized Gerolamo but took the religious name Teofilo (Theophilus) on becoming a Benedictine monk in 1508. Steve Cochran: Robert Cochran (1917–1965). dancer. U.S. in which Cockloft Hall was a locale. (Colin. in London’s East End. The writer created her name when working in a strip club. and Frances Salpet.) As Spenser says. / All along. as for Koko. TV actor. famed from an old ballad: “Tom Pearse. movie actor. Welsh poet. Dan’l Whiddon. / Old Uncle Tom Cobbleigh and all. literally “spiral stone. of It. for example. now thought of as an independent name. Brown was nicknamed Cobra after a character in the G. meaning “cook. a Cree Indian. Ger. a Cherokee Indian.S. Clwydfardd: David Griffiths (1800–1894). Tom Pearse. Peter Davey. theologian. Pindar Cockloft: William Irving (1766–1821). Jamaican reggae musician.S. The author used this name for four novels published in the 1920s. . but this time naming himself on the title page as “Ed. According to some sources. Irving was given his name by his brother. The actor reinvented himself as an American Indian. Peter Gurney. stage. screenwriter. where Colin is a wandering poet. cartoonist. The artist took his name from Coborn Road. Br. out along. Cluff • Cody poet. circus clown. Eng. writer.” “Clout” means “cloth. Catholic theologian. singer. journalist.” referring to the historic region of northeast Wales that was his homeland. U. / For I want for to go to Widdicombe Fair. “miser. and the name stuck” [Sunday Times. Spencer. Russ. June Clyde: June Tetrazini (1909–1987). lend me your grey mare. music-hall comedian. Coco: Nikolai Poliakov (1900–1974). Wendelstein. author. The first Archdruid took a bardic name meaning “bard of Clwyd. U. Mexican movie actor. U. movie actress. January 20.S. musical scholar The scholar’s adopted name is Latin for “snail shell” (related English cockle). “Coco” has now become a popular name for any clown. poet. The scholar’s adopted name is a latinized equivalent of the original. the two joining with James Kirk Paulding under the communal pseudonym Launcelot Langstaff. / Wi’ Bill Brewer.” Cochi: Aurelio Ponzoni (1941–). then adopted it permanently after a movie producer asked her to try her hand at a screenplay. The actor’s new name essentially concertinas his original name.111 vnlikelyhoode of the language. U. U. down along.1940–). see Peter Pindar. crossword compiler. comic stage.S. He also wrote as Limemo Pitocco. rock musician. U. It. Ger. Spenser revived his own Colin Clout in Colin Clovts Come Home Againe (1595). Dexter adopted this apt name as a setter of cryptic crosswords.born Eng. Commander Cody: George Frayne (c. as a rendering of the name of his birthplace. It. lee. William Cobb: Jules Hippolyte Lermina (1839– 1915). Diablo Cody: Brook Busey-Hunt (1978–). Cocoa Tea: Calvin Scott (1960–). he was the son of Thomas Long Plume. parentage.” Cluff: John Longstaff (1949–). movie. he addressed her as such. “Unaware that Diablo was a cyber-pseudonym. Cobra: Ewart Everton Brown (1968–). Fr. movie actor. Jamaican reggae singer. Lee J. the name was used earlier by John Skelton in his Collyn Clout (1521). Roberto Cobo: Roberto García Romero (1930– 2002). a partial anagram of his pseudonym. Eng. Iron Eyes Cody: Oscar DeCorti (1904–1999).S. Joe comic books.” Compare the name of Jan Stewer. where in the neighboring county of Devonshire is the village of Widecombe in the Moor. U. black jazz musician.” Eddie Cochran: Edward Cochrane (1938– 1960). TV actor.” Johannes Cocceius: Johannes Koch (1603– 1669). rock ’n’ roll musician. working in U.S.S. Captain Cuthbert Clutterbuck see Jedediah Cleishbotham Frank Clune: Francis Patrick (1909–1971). The clown’s ring name represents the “-ko-” syllable that is found in each of his real names. Cobb: Leo Jacob Cobb (1911–1976). Washington Irving. Harry Hawk. Codex: Colin Dexter (1930–). Br. U. novelist. crime fiction writer.S.

Cody • Collingwood

Brunette Coleman: Philip Arthur Larkin (1922– 1985), Eng. poet. Larkin used this name for two early girls’ school stories, Trouble at Willow Gables (1943) and Michaelmas Term at St. Bride’s (1943), the latter an unfinished sequel to the former. Both remained unpublished until 2002. The poet was a jazz enthusiast, and based the name punningly on that of jazzband leader Blanche Coleman. “Larkin must have been amused at the later emergence of Ornette Coleman, the adventurous alto saxophonist whose ‘sonorous bayings’ he only grudgingly praised in All What Jazz” [Alan Brownjohn in Times Literary Supplement, May 17, 2002]. Cy Coleman: Seymour Kaufman (1929–2004), U.S. songwriter, composer, of Russ. parentage. Manning Coles: Adelaide Frances Oke Manning (1891–1959), Eng. spy, detective novelist + Cyril Henry Coles (1901–1965), Eng. spy, detective novelist, her husband. A combination of two surnames to make a unified first name and surname. Colette: Sidonie-Gabrielle Claudine Colette (1873–1954), Fr. novelist. A single name that suggests a first name rather than the surname that it actually is. The writer’s four early novels about the young ingénue Claudine (1901–3) were published under the pen name of her husband, Willy. She used her own name, in combination with his (as Colette-Willy), for Dialogues de Bêtes (1904). She divorced Willy two years later, but went on writing as Colette-Willy until 1916, after which she wrote as Colette alone. [St.] Colette: Nicolette Boylet (1381–1447), Fr. Franciscan nun, reformer. Bonar Colleano: Bonar William Sullivan II (1924–1958), U.S. movie actor. The actor joined the Colleano Circus Family as a child and adopted their name. Stephen Collet see Reuben Percy Catrin Collier see Katherine John Constance Collier: Laura Constance Hardie (1878–1955), Eng. stage, movie actress. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. Joel Collier: George Veal (fl.1774–1818), Eng. musician. François Fétis’s Biographie universelle des musiciens (1835–44) gives Collier’s original name as John Laurence Bicknell, but this is refuted by the Dictionary of National Biography. Lois Collier: Madelyn Jones (1919–1999), U.S. movie actress. Patience Collier: René Collier, née Ritcher (1910–1987), Eng. stage actress. William Collier: William Senior (1866–1944), U.S. stage, movie actor. Harry Collingwood: William Joseph Cosens Lancaster (1851–1922), Eng. author of boys’ books.

Lew Cody: Louis Joseph Coté (1884–1934), U.S. movie actor, of Fr. parentage. Liza Cody: Liza Nassim (1944–), Br. crime writer. Captain Coe: (1) Edward Card Mitchell (1853– 1914), Eng. sporting writer, editor; (2) Tom Cosgrove (1902–1978), Eng. sporting writer, editor. The name was apparently passed down to Cosgrove by Mitchell. Tucker Coe see Richard Stark Brian Coffey see Leigh Nichols Geoffrey Coffin: F. Van Wyck Mason (1901– 1978), U.S. suspense writer, author of historical novels. Mason adopted his mother’s maiden name for this pseudonym. He also wrote as Ward Weaver. Joshua Coffin: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882), U.S. poet, writer. Longfellow used this name for A Sketch of the History of Newbury (1845). George M. Cohan: George Michael Keohane (1878–1942), U.S. stage actor, playwright, director, producer. Émile Cohl: Émile Courtet (1857–1938), Fr. movie cartoonist. Claudette Colbert: Lily Claudette Chauchoin (1903–1996), Fr.-born U.S. stage, movie actress. The actress adopted her new name for her first stage appearance, in The Wild Westcotts at the Frazee Theatre, New York, on Christmas Eve, 1923. Maurice Colbourne: Roger Middleton (1939– 1989), Eng. TV actor. The actor is said to have taken his stage name from that of a Shakespearean actor whose obituary he had read. Ann Cole: Cynthia Coleman (1934–), U.S. black gospel singer. Graham Cole: Graham Coleman Smith (1952–), Eng. TV actor. Jack Cole: John Ewing Richter (1911–1974), U.S. dancer, choreographer. Richter took his stepfather’s name when he became a dancer. Judson Cole: Milton Greishaber (1894–1943), U.S. vaudeville entertainer, comedy magician. Lester Cole: Lester Cohn (1904–1985), U.S. screenwriter, of Pol. parentage. Nat “King” Cole: Nathaniel Adams Coles (1916–1965), U.S. black jazz singer, pianist. The musician’s own name, with his nickname of “King,” plus the name of his group, the King Cole Trio, resulted in a performing name that was additionally associated with the “Old King Cole” of the children’s nursery rhyme. Coles dropped the “s” of his name in 1939, when he formed his trio. Blanche Coleman: Blanche Schwartz (1910– 2008), Eng. jazzband leader. The musician may have intended a connection between her original name, meaning “black,” and the phrase “black as coal.” In retaining her first name Blanche, literally “white,” she would have kept the color contrast.

The writer of juvenile nautical tales based his pen name on that of Lord Cuthbert Collingwood (1748– 1810), a hero of British naval history in the Napoleonic Wars. Hunt Collins see Evan Hunter John D. Collins: John Christopher Dixon (1942–), Eng. TV actor. Michael Collins: Dennis Lynds (1924–), U.S. mystery writer, journalist. The writer adopted the name of the Irish nationalist leader Michael Collins (1890–1922) as his pen name. Sam Collins: Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg (1827–1865), Eng. music-hall artist, manager. Tom Collins: Joseph Furphy (1843–1912), Austral. novelist, of Ir. parentage. At the end of the 19th century “Tom Collins” was a slang term in Australia for a mythical rumormonger. Furphy adopted the name in 1892 and later made Collins a leading character in some of his novels. The writer’s original name is said by some to be the origin of of the Australian slang term “furphy” for a rumor or mythical report, although more generally it is believed to derive from the name of a firm, J. Furphy & Sons Pty. Ltd., who operated a foundry in Shepparton, Victoria, and who manufactured water carts. The name passed to the water carts brought into camps in Egypt in World War I, the drivers of such carts bringing rumors with them. “Furphy worked for 20 years in Shepparton, and it was there that he turned in a serious way to writing, first as a contributor of paragraphs and articles to the Sydney Bulletin under the pen-name ‘Tom Collins,’ which was in those times a synonym for idle rumour; it was an amusing coincidence that during World War I his real name, Furphy, came to mean the same thing” [Australian Encyclopedia, 1965]. Tommy Collins: Leonard Raymond Sipes (1930–), U.S. country singer. Carlo Collodi: Carlo Lorenzini (1826–1890), It. writer. The author of Le Avventure di Pinocchio (1883) took his pen name from his mother’s birthplace, a small village in northern Italy. He himself was born in Florence. Bud Collyer: Clayton Johnson Heermanse, Jr. (1908–1969), U.S. TV personality, brother of June Collyer. June Collyer: Dorothy Heermanse (1907–1968), U.S. movie actress. G. Colmore: Gertrude Baillie Dunn, later Weaver, née Renton (1855–1926), Eng. novelist. The writer used various pen names, mostly created from her own name and those of her husbands. This one comes from the initial of her first name and the third name of her first husband, Henry Arthur Colmore Dunn.

Collins • Comden

Denise Colomb: Denise Loeb (1902–2004), Fr. photographer. When Loeb and her marine engineer husband, Gilbert Cahen, returned to France from Saigon just before the start of World War II they survived denunciation as Jews by changing their names to Colomb. Loeb later kept the name as a professional photographer. (La) Marquesa Colombi: Maria Antonietta Torriani (1846–1920), It. novelist. Colombine: Carmen de Burgos Seguí (c.1870– 1932), Sp. feminist writer. Colon: Joseph Dennie (1768–1812), U.S. essayist, satirist, collaborating with Spondee. Colonel ... For names beginning thus, see the following name, e.g. for Colonel Britton see Britton, for Colonel W. de Basil see de Basil, for Colonel Fabien see Fabien, etc. Édouard Colonne: Judas Colonna (1838–1910), Fr. orchestral conductor, violinist. Colourman: Fudel Hugh Henry (c.1965–), Jamaican reggae musician. Ithell Colquhoun: Margaret Ithell (1906–1988), Eng. Surrealist artist, poet. Jessi Colter: Miriam Johnson (1943–), U.S. country singer. The singer claimed to have an ancestor Jessi Colter who was a member of the Jesse James Gang. She therefore adopted his name as her stage name. James Colton: Joseph Hansen (1923–2004), U.S. crime writer. Hansen also wrote Gothic novels under the name Rose Brock. Robbie Coltrane: Anthony Robert McMillan (1950–), Sc. TV actor. The actor admired the black U.S. jazz saxophonist John Coltrane (1926–1967) and adopted his name in the 1970s. Coluche: Michel Gérard Joseph Colucci (1944– 1986), Fr. radio, stage, movie comedian, of It. parentage. Columba: Colin Gumbrell (1961–), Br. crossword compiler. The setter’s pseudonym, Latin for “dove,” is based on letters in his real name. Chris Columbus: Joseph Christopher Columbus Morris (1902–?), U.S. black jazz drummer, bandleader. Comale: Therese Emile Henriette aus dem Winkel (1784–after 1850), Ger. harpist. The musician used this name for published articles on the construction of the harp. Betty Comden: Elizabeth Kyle, née Cohen (1917–2006), U.S. lyricist, screenwriter, actress. When a student at New York University the songwriter changed her name to one that was not obviously Jewish. “Comden’s original name, she delights in revealing in her memoir, was Basya Astershinsky Simselyevitch-Simselyovitch, which would surely

Comenius • Conrad

his Native American guide, Calixto Carlos Inca Bustamante, but research has revealed that Carrío used the pseudonym to avoid punishment for having criticized the Spanish regime. Congo Ashanti Roy: Roy Johnson (1941–), Jamaican reggae musician. Johnson took the first word of his name from the Congos, a duo that he originally formed with Cedric Myton. Ashanti is the name of an African people and former West African state. Chester Conklin: Jules Cowles (1888–1971), U.S. movie comedian. The actor should not be confused with movie comedian Charles “Heinie” Conklin (1880–1959), who sometimes acted as Charlie Lynn. F. Norrys Connell: Conal Holmes O’Connell O’Riordan (1874–1948), Ir. dramatist, novelist. John Connell: John Henry Robertson (1909– 1965), Br. novelist, biographer. Marc Connelly: Marcus Cook (1890–1980), U.S. playwright, screenwriter, stage director. Rearden Conner: Patrick Reardon Connor (1907–1991), Ir. novelist, short-story writer. The author also wrote as Peter Malin. J.J. Connington: Alfred Walter Stewart (1880– 1947), Sc. crime writer. Elizabeth Connor: Una Troy (1913–), Ir. novelist, playwright. The writer used this name for her first two novels, Mount Prospect (1936) and Dead Man’s Light (1938), as well as for four later plays. Ralph Connor: [Rev.] Charles William Gordon (1860–1937), Can. writer of religious novels, of Sc. parentage. The novelist intended to use the pen name “Cannor,” from the letter heading “Brit. Can. Nor. West Mission,” but his editor copied this as “Connor” and added “Ralph” to give a full name. Mike Connors: Kreker Jay Michael Ohanian (1925–), U.S. movie, TV actor, of Armenian parentage. The actor was billed as Touch Connors for movies in the 1950s before his TV career took off. George Conquest: George Augustus Oliver (1837–1901), Br. actor, theatrical manager. The actor adopted the same name as his father, Benjamin Oliver (1805–1872), also a theatrical manager. Owen Conquest see Frank Richards Brenda Conrad see Leslie Ford Con Conrad: Conrad K. Dober (1891–1938), U.S. songwriter. Jess Conrad: Gerald James (1936–), Br. pop singer. Joseph Conrad: Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski (1857–1924), Pol.-born Br. novelist, writing in English. Conrad became a British naturalized subject in 1886 and anglicized his first and third names. Robert Conrad: Conrad Robert Falk (1935–), U.S. TV, movie actor.

have looked wonderful on a Broadway billboard” [The Times, March 4, 2005]. Jan Ámos Comenius: Jan Ámos Komenskï (1592–1670), Cz. educationist, Moravian bishop. Cuthbert Comment, Gent. see Edward Search Common: Lonnie Rashied Lynn (c.1971–), U.S. black hip-hop musician. The rapper originally recorded under the name Common Sense, but abbreviated it after losing a court battle to retain his rights to the fuller name. Perry Como: Pierino Roland Como (1913– 2001), U.S. crooner, movie actor, of It. descent. The singer initially appeared under the name Nick Perido. Compay Segundo: Maximo Francisco Repilado Muñoz (1907–2003), Cuban popular musician. In 1942 Muñoz teamed up with Lorenzo Hierrezuelo to form a duo under the name Los Campadres (“The Companions”). As Hierrezuelo was the lead singer, he was known as Compay Primo (“First Friend”), so that Muñoz, singing bass harmonies, was Compay Segundo (“Second Friend”). He adopted the name and in 1950 formed his group, Compay Segundo y Sus Muchachos (“Compay Segundo and His Boys”). Fay Compton: Virginia Lilian Emmiline Compton (1894–1978), Br. stage actress, sister of novelist Compton Mackenzie. Frances Snow Compton: Henry Brooks Adams (1838–1918), U.S. historian, novelist. Henry Compton: Charles Mackenzie (1805– 1877), Eng. actor, grandfather of novelist Compton Mackenzie and actress Fay Compton. The actor adopted the maiden name of his Scottish paternal grandmother. Joyce Compton: Eleanor Hunt (1907–1997), U.S. movie actress. Comus: Robert Michael Ballantyne (1825– 1894), Sc. novelist for boys. Comus was the name of the pagan god invented by Milton for his pastoral entertainment (“masque”) so titled (1634). Laure Conan: Marie-Louise-Félicité Angers (1845–1924), Fr.-Can. novelist. Arthur Concello: Arthur Vasconcellos (1912– 2001), U.S. circus trapeze artist. Concello was performing professionally at age 16 and by the time he was 18 had formed his own act, the Flying Concellos. In the 1930s, he and his wife, Antoinette, gained fame for their triple somersaults on the flying trapeze. Concolorcorvo: Alonso Carrío de la Vandera (1715–c.1778), Sp. colonial administrator. The official used this name for El Lazarillo de ciegos caminantes (“El Lazarillo: A Guide for Blind Travelers”) (1775), an account of his travels from Buenos Aires to Lima. (Lazarillo is a boy who guides the blind in the anonymous novel Lazarillo de Tormes, published in 1554.) The work and the name were originally attributed to

William Conrad: William Cann (1920–1994), U.S. radio, movie actor. Will Conray see Harry Champion Heinrich Conried: Heinrich Cohn (1855– 1909), Austr.-born U.S. actor, theater director, impresario. It is not known when or why the actor changed his last name. Jill Consey: Margery Edith Felix (1907–?), Eng. music teacher, composer. The musician also used the names Margery Dawe and Carol Medway. Konstantin Constans: Marie Drdova (1889– 1970), Cz. composer. Constant: Constant A. Nieuwenhuys (1920–), Du. painter, sculptor. Constantia: Judith Sargent Stevens Murray (1751–1820), U.S. writer. Murray used this name for early poems published in various periodicals. Later names were Honora-Martesia or simply Honora. Constantia see Philenia K.C. Constantine: Carl Constantine Kosak (1934–), U.S. crime writer. Michael Constantine: Constantine Joanides (1927–), Gk.-born U.S. TV, movie actor. Murray Constantine: Katharine Penelope Burdekin, née Cade (1896–1963), Eng. novelist. The author used this name for four novels published between 1922 and 1940. The identity of the writer behind the pseudonym was discovered only in the 1980s. Richard Conte: Nicholas Conte (1910–1975), U.S. movie actor. Contessa Lara: Evelina Cattermole Mancini (1849–1896), It. poet, of Eng.-Russ. parentage. Albert Conti: Albert de Conti Cedassamare (1887–1967), Austr. movie actor. Gloria Contreras: Carmen Gloria Contreras Roeniger (1934–), Mexican ballet dancer, teacher. Blade Stanhope Conway see Robert Cummings Gary Conway: Gareth Carmody (1938–), U.S. movie, TV actor. H. Derwent Conway: Henry David Inglis (1795–1835), Sc. writer, traveler. Inglis used this pseudonym, apparently based on the names of rivers (the Derwent in England, the Conway in Wales), for his first work, Tales of the Ardennes (1841). Hugh Conway: Frederick John Fargus (1847– 1885), Eng. novelist. The writer took his pen name from the school frigate Conway, stationed on the Mersey, which he entered as a 13-year-old naval student. Peter Conway see George Sava Russ Conway: Trevor Herbert Stanford (1925– 2000), Eng. popular pianist, composer. The musician adopted his new name on making his first recording

Conrad • Coolio

in 1957 at the suggestion of Columbia record producer Norman Newell, who “did not feel that the name Terry Stanford was right for a performer” [The Times, November 17, 2000]. Shirl Conway: Shirley Crossman (1914–), U.S. TV actress. Steve Conway: Walter James Groom (1920– 1952), Eng. popular singer. Tom Conway: Thomas Charles Sanders (1904– 1967), Br.-born U.S. movie actor, brother of actor George Sanders (1906–1972). Tom Conway see Carter Brown Troy Conway see Ed Noon William Augustus Conway: William Augustus Rugg (1789–1828), Ir. actor. Pedr Conwy: Peter John Mitchell Thomas (1920–2008), Welsh politician. The future secretary of state for Wales and Conservative Party chairman took his bardic name from the Conwy River, on which his birth town of Llanrwst stands, Pedr being the Welsh equivalent of Peter. He was made a life peer in 1987 as Lord Thomas of Gwydir, taking his title from a nearby castle. Captain Conyers see Reginald Wray Coo-ee: William Sylvester Walker (1846–1926), Austral. novelist. “Coo-ee” was originally a call used by an Australian Aboriginal to communicate with another at a distance. It was later adopted by settlers and is now widely used as a signal. (The call consists of a long “coo” ending in a sudden higher “ee.”) Doc Cook: Charles L. Cooke (1881–1958), U.S. jazz pianist, arranger, bandleader. Joe Cook: Joseph Lopez (1890–1959), U.S. comedian. Marianne Cook: Marianne Koch (1930–), Ger. movie actress. The actress was usually billed under this name in the U.S. and U.K. John Estes Cooke see Floyd Akers Margaret Cooke see Gordon Ashe M.E. Cooke see Gordon Ashe Ina Coolbrith: Josephine Donna Smith (1841– 1928), U.S. poet. The writer adopted her new name in the early 1860s, taking her new first name from a pet form of her original name and her surname from her mother’s middle name. It was Coolbrith who persuaded the poet Cincinnatus Hiner Miller to adopt the name Joaquin Miller. Susan Coolidge: Sarah Chauncy Woolsey (1835– 1905), U.S. writer of books for girls. The author of What Katy Did (1872) and subsequent stories based her pen name on that of her younger sister, Jane Woolsey Yardley, who had written as “Margaret Coolidge.” Coolio: Artis Leon Ivey, Jr. (1964–), U.S. black rapper, movie actor. The artist’s name is obviously

Cooper • Corbusier

Natasha Cooper: Idonea Daphne Wright (1951–), Br. crime writer. Robin Cooper: Robert Popper (1968–), Br. humorist, comedy writer. Cooper gained fame for his book The Timewaster Letters (2004), in which he made spoof proposals for new products to a number of commercial companies. William Cooper: Harry Summerfield Hoff (1910–2002), Eng. novelist. The writer assumed his pseudonym for his fifth novel, Scenes from Provincial Life (1950). He was pursuing a career as a civil servant at the time, and needed to protect the identities of the book’s two homosexual characters. Four earlier novels, Trina (1934), Rhea (1937), Lisa (1937), and Three Marriages (1946), appeared under his real name (in the form H.S. Hoff ). Joan Copeland: Joan Maxine Miller (1922–), U.S. stage actress, singer. Copi: Raúl Damonte Taborda (1939–1987), Argentinian playwright, humorist. Aaron Copland: Aaron Kaplan (1900–1990), U.S. composer, pianist, of Russ. parentage. Marc Copland: Marc Cohen (1948–), U.S. jazz musician. David Copperfield: David Kotkin (1957–), U.S. magician. The name, which may have arisen as a nickname, is familiar as that of the young hero of Charles Dickens’s novel (1849). Il Coppetta: Francesco Beccuti (1509–1553), It. poet. Giovanni Coprario: John Cooper (c.1575– 1626), Eng. composer. Cooper is described by the 17th-century biographer Anthony Wood as “an Englishman borne, who having spent much of his time in Italy, was there called Coprario, which name he kept when he returned into England [in c.1604]” [Dictionary of National Biography]. Joe Coral: Joseph Kagarlitski (1904–1996), Br. bookmaker, of Pol. Jewish origin. The founder of one of Britain’s largest chain of betting shops smoothed his name to a word that evokes both decorativeness and durability. Cora Coralina: Ana Lins dos Guimarães Peixoto Bretas (1890–1985), Brazilian writer. Jean Coralli: Giovanni Coralli Peracini (1779– 1854), Fr. ballet dancer, of It. parentage. Coram: Thomas Whitaker (1883–1937), Eng. ventriloquist. Latin coram means “openly,” “in public.” A ventriloquist is a paradoxical performer who conceals his voice for public entertainment. Glen Corbett: Glenn Rothenburg (1929–1993), U.S. movie actor. Tristan Corbière: Édouard Joachim Corbière (1845–1875), Fr. poet. Le Corbusier see Le Corbusier

based on “cool,” but he liked to joke: “My homeboy asked me, ‘Who do you think you are, Coolio Iglesias?’” The pun is at the expense of the Spanish romantic singer Julio Iglesias (1943–). Alice Cooper: Vincent Damon Furnier (1948–), U.S. rock singer. The female name was long said to have been chosen by the musician in 1969 to illustrate his theory that “people are both male and female biologically,” while a Ouija board supposedly indicated that Alice Cooper had been a 17th-century witch, now reincarnated as Furnier. But when Cooper was asked how he came by it, he replied: “I have no idea. I really don’t. It was one day, just [snaps fingers] boom ... I could have said Mary Smith, but I said Alice Cooper.... But think about it — Alice Cooper has the same sort of ring as Lizzie Borden and Baby Jane. ‘Alice Cooper.’ It’s sort of like a little girl with an ax. I kept picturing something in pink and black lace and blood. Meanwhile, people expected a blond folksinger” [Headley Gritter, Rock ’N’ Roll Asylum: Conversations with the Madmen of Music, 1984]. “Any guy can dress like a girl these days, but it took a real man to change his name to Alice and have it accepted as one of the most masculine monikers in the history of popular culture” [John Lydon (formerly Johnny Rotten) on Alice Cooper, interviewed in Sunday Times, December 1, 2002]. Frank Cooper: William Gilmore Simms (1806– 1870), U.S. novelist. Gary Cooper: Frank James Cooper (1901–1961), U.S. movie actor. The metamorphosis of “Coop’s” first name was the work of his Hollywood agent, Nan Collins, who came from Gary, Indiana. She explained: “‘My home town was named after Elbert H. Gary. I think Gary has a nice poetic sound to it. I’d like to see you take Elbert Gary’s last name for your first. ‘You mean,’ he interrupted, ‘Gary Cooper?’ ‘Yes — Gary Cooper. Say it again. Gary Cooper. Very nice. I like it. Don’t you?’ Gary Cooper. He ran the name around in his mind a few times. He spoke it again, ‘Gary Cooper.’ Then he smiled. ‘I like it.’ ‘You see,’ Miss Collins said. ‘I knew you would. And you’ll have to agree, Gary Cooper doesn’t sound as tall and lanky as Frank Cooper’” [George Carpozi, Jr., The Gary Cooper Story, 1971]. Henry St. John Cooper see Gordon Ashe Jackie Cooper: John Cooperman, Jr. (1921–), U.S. movie actor. James Fenimore Cooper: James Cooper (1789– 1851), U.S. novelist. The writer did not add his middle name, his mother’s maiden name, until 1826, the year he published The Last of the Mohicans. Jefferson Cooper: Gardner Francis Fox (1911–), U.S. writer of historical romances.

Ellen Corby: Ellen Hansen (1913–1999), U.S. movie actress. Alex Cord: Alexander Viespi (1931–), It.-born U.S. movie, TV actor. Maria Corda: Maria Farcas (c.1902–1965), Hung. movie actress. The actress’s screen name is a modified form of the surname of her first husband, movie producer Alexander Korda. Charlotte Corday: Marie-Anne-Charlotte de Corday d’Armont (1768–1793), Fr. revolutionary. Mara Corday: Marilyn Watts (1932–), U.S. movie actress. “Mara” from “Marilyn.” Paula Corday: Jeanne Paule Teipotemarga (1924–1992), Br.-Swiss movie actress, working in U.S. The actress also used the names Paule Croset and Rita Corday. Rita Corday see Paula Corday John Cordelier: Evelyn Underhill (1875–1941), Eng. religious writer. A male name used for some of the author’s mystical writings, such as The Path of the Eternal Wisdom (1911). Alexander Cordell: George Alexander Graber (1914–1997), Br. novelist, settling in Wales. Denny Cordell: Dennis Cordell-Laverack (1943–1995), Argentinian-born U.S. record producer. Ritchie Cordell: Richard Joel Rosenblatt (1943– 2004), U.S. songwriter, record producer. Louise Cordet: Louise Boisot (1946–), Eng. popular singer. The singer took her mother’s stage name on first signing with Decca Records in 1962. El Cordobés: Manuel Benítez Pérez (1936–), Sp. bullfighter. The matador’s ring name means “the Cordovan,” although he was not actually born in Córdoba, but in Palma del Río, some 30 miles away. However, the latter town is in Córdoba province, and the name itself is said to come from a monument in the city to the famous Manolete, who inspired Benítez to excel in the bullring. The name was subsequently adopted by Benítez’s illegitimate son, Manuel Benítez Freysse, who entered the ring in the 1990s. El Cordobés Sr. finally retired in 2002. Raymond Cordy: Raymond Cordiaux (1898– 1956), Fr. movie comedian. Marie Corelli: Mary Mackay (1855–1924), Br. novelist. The writer was the illegitimate daughter of Charles Mackay (1814–1889), a poet and journalist, and Mary Mills, a servant, whom Mackay later married following the death of his first wife in 1859. Knowing this origin, Corelli created the myth that Mackay had adopted her. In a letter to a Mrs. Cudlipp of December 23, 1889, she thus wrote: “My name is not Mackay, not am I related to the Mackays at all. I was adopted by the late Charles Mackay LLD, LSA who lost his own daughter by fever in Italy — but my name is Corelli, and though my mother was

Corby • Cornelys

Scotch, I am much more Italian than British! I know you will be kind enough to always remember this.” Earlier, in a letter of May 25, 1883, accompanying some poems submitted to the editor of Blackwood’s Magazine, she had written of herself: “Signorina Corelli is a Venetian, and the direct descendant (through a long line of ancestry) of the great Michael Angelo Corelli, the famous composer.” She originally chose the name for a possible musical career, and apparently took it from a young Italian tenor, Signor Corelli, who was appearing at Her Majesty’s Theatre, London, in 1874. Her second choice of name at the time was Rose Trevor, taken from one of the main characters in Mackay’s epic poem A Man’s Heart (1860), while earlier she had written as Vivian Erle Clifford. Arcangelo Corelli (1653–1713) was an Italian composer [Teresa Ransom, The Mysterious Miss Marie Corelli, 1999]. Jill Corey: Norman Jean Speranza (1935–), U.S. pop singer. Lewis Corey: Luigi Carlo Fraina (1892–1953), It.-born U.S. Marxist theorist. Corinna: Elizabeth Thomas (1675–1731), Eng. poet, letter writer. The poet was given her name by Dryden, who admired two poems she sent him in 1699 and compared her to the 6th-century BC Greek lyric poet of this name. “I would have called you Sapho,” he said, “but that I hear you are handsomer.” (Contemporary portraits of Sappho depict her as somewhat plain-featured.) Corisande: Alice Smith, née Jerrold (1849– 1872), Eng. writer. Smith appears to have called herself after “La belle Corisande,” a name given to the Frenchwoman Diane d’Andouins, mistress of Henri IV. Corita: Frances Elizabeth Kent (1918–1986), U.S. artist. In 1936 Kent entered the order Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, taking the religious name Sister Mary Corita. She retained the name for her work as an artist, not all of it religious in nature. Fernand Cormon: Fernand-Anne Piestre (1845–1924), Fr. painter. Corneille: Cornelis van Beverloo (1922–), Belg. painter, working in France. The artist’s name is a French form of his original Flemish name. Don Cornell: Dominico Francisco Connello (1919–2004), U.S. popular singer. Some sources give the singer’s original name as Luigi Francisco Varlarlo. Theresa Cornelys: Theresa Pompeati, née Imer (1722–1797), It. singer, working in England. The singer took her stage name from a liaison made in the Netherlands. “When at Amsterdam as a singer she was known as Mme. Trenti, and took the name of Cornelis (or Cornelys) from that of a gentleman at Amsterdam, M. Cornelis de Rigerboos” [Dictionary of National Biography].

Corning • Cory

Joaquín Cortés: Joaquín Reyes (1969–), Sp. flamenco dancer. The dancer changed his name in 1990. Dave “Baby” Cortez: David Cortez Clowney (1938–), U.S. pop musician. Leon Cortez: Richard Alfred Chalkin (1898– 1970), Eng. stage comedian. Ricardo Cortez: Jacob Kranz (1899–1977), U.S. movie actor, brother of Stanley Cortez. Stanley Cortez: Stanislaus Kranz (1908–1997), U.S. cinematographer. Jakob Corvinus: Wilhelm Raabe (1831–1910), Ger. novelist. The writer used this name for his first novel, Die Chronik der Sperlingsgasse (“The Chronicle of Sperling Street”) (1856), with a derivative of Latin corvus translating German Rabe, “crow,” “raven.” Baron Corvo: Frederick William Serafino Austin Lewis Mary Rolfe (1860–1913), Br. writer. The idiosyncratic author claimed to have received the title of Baron Corvo from the Duchess SforzaCesarini when living in Italy in the 1880s, a claim that has been neither confirmed nor disproved. The writer himself gave three versions of the origin of his pseudonym: that it was a style offered and accepted for use as a tekhnikym or trade name when he denied sacred orders and sought a secular livelihood, that it came from a village near Rome and was assumed when he was made a baron by the Bishop of Emmaus, who was on a visit to Rome, and that it was bestowed by the aforementioned duchess. Rolfe had other pseudonyms, as Frederick Austin, King Clement, and Fr. Rolfe (with “Fr.” representing “Frederick” but suggesting a priestly “Father”). He wrote autobiographically as Nicholas Crabbe in Nicholas Crabbe (1958) and The Desire and Pursuit of the Whole (1934) and as George Arthur Rose in (and as) Hadrian the Seventh (1904). Corvo is Italian for “raven,” moreover, and he had already adopted the raven as a heraldic device. (Possibly Crabbe has a similar symbolic significance.) George Arthur Rose is said to derive from St. George “of the Roses” and Duke Arthur (of Brittany) murdered by King John in 1203. [1. A.J.A. Symons, The Quest for Corvo, 1940; 2. Donald Weeks, Corvo, 1971]. Caroline Cory see Minnie Maddern Fiske Desmond Cory: Shaun Lloyd McCarthy (1928–), Eng. mystery novelist. Donald Webster Cory: Edward Sagarin (1913– 1986), U.S. scholar, of Russ. Jewish parentage. As a gay activist, Sagarin based his pseudonym on André Gide’s Corydon (1924), a defense of pederasty. William Johnson Cory: William Johnson (1823–1892), Eng. translator, poet. The academic, long a teacher at Eton College, adopted the name Cory in 1872 after inheriting an estate two years previously.

Kyle Corning see A.A. Fair Corno di Bassetto: George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), Ir. dramatist, critic, novelist. Shaw used the waggish name when writing as a music critic for The Star (1888–90). The corno di bassetto is (in its Italian notation, found in music scores) the basset horn, which two words suggest “Bernard Shaw.” “It was not until February 1889 that Shaw replaced [E. Belford] Bax completely and, in need of a pseudonym, created his alter ego. Corno di Bassetto, after months of anonymity, made his presence known to readers of The Star on 15 February” [Dan H. Lawrence, ed., Shaw’s Music, 1981]. Barry Cornwall: Bryan Waller Procter (1787– 1874), Eng. poet, songwriter, father of Mary Berwick. The writer was professionally a lawyer, and originally adopted his near-anagrammatical name to conceal his identity as a law student when contributing poems to the Literary Gazette. As a poet, he was probably also attracted to the euphony of the name, which happened to match his modest persona. Bernard Cornwell: Bernard Wiggins (1944–), Br. historical novelist. The writer’s choice of name was neither that of his adoptive parents, Joe and Marjorie Wiggins, nor that of his biological father, a Canadian airman, whose identity (as William Oughtred) he learned at the age of ten and whom he eventually traced in 2001. He explains the origin: “My mother was Dorothy Rose Cornwell, and I decided to take the Cornwell as my nom de plume, partly because Wiggins sounds so ugly, and partly because W is a long way down the alphabetical shelves in bookshops” [The Times, November 6, 2002]. Corrado: Corrado Mantoni (1924–1999), It. television presenter, game-show host. Correggio: Antonio Allegri (da Correggio) (1494–1534), It. painter. As was the custom of his day, the painter adopted the name of his birthtown, Correggio, near Reggio in northern Italy. Adrienne Corri: Adrienne Riccoboni (1930–), Sc. movie actress, of It. descent. The actress was renamed by Gordon Harbord, who also renamed Laurence Harvey and who nearly renamed Diana Dors. The letters of “Corri” come from the actress’s surname. Emmett Corrigan: Antoine Zilles (1868–1932), Du.-born U.S. stage, movie actor. Ray “Crash” Corrigan: Ray Benard (1902– 1976), U.S. movie actor. Corrigan was billed as “Crash” for the SF serial Undersea Kingdom (1936) so his name would sound like “Flash Gordon.” Bud Cort: Walter Edward Cox (1950–), U.S. movie actor. The actor was obliged to choose a new name because his real name already existed for the U.S. comic actor Wally Cox (1924–1973).

Coryat Junior: Samuel Paterson (1728–1802), Eng. bookseller, auctioneer. Paterson used this name for Another Traveller! or Cursory Remarks and Tritical Observations made upon a Journey through part of the Netherlands in 1766 (1767–9), described by the Dictionary of National Biography as “sentimental travels in the manner of Sterne, of very poor quality.” His pseudonym presumably relates to the English traveler and writer Thomas Coryate (?1577–1617). Corylus: Chris Feetenby (1940–), Br. crossword compiler. The setter’s pseudonym, the botanical Latin name of the hazel, refers punningly to his grandfather, Alfred Heselwood. Corymbæus: Richard Brathwaite (1588–1673), Eng. poet, writer. Brathwaite used this name, from Latin corymbus, “cluster of fruit or flowers,” for his best-known work, Barnabae Itinerarium, or Barnabee’s Journal (1638), a record of English travel written in Latin and English doggerel. Other classical-style names used by him were Blasius Multibibus, Clitus Alexandrinus, Eucapnus Nepenthiacus, Musæus Palatinus, Musophilus, Hesychius Pamphilus, and Philogenes Paledonius. Howard Cosell: Howard William Cohen (1920– 1995), U.S. radio, TV sportscaster, of Pol. Jewish parentage. As an undergraduate at New York University, the future sports journalist changed his name of Cohen, given his family by immigration officials, to the original family name of Cosell. Cosey Fanni Tutti: Christine Carol Newby (1951–), Br. rock musician, artist. The musician was the partner of Genesis P-Orridge, founder of the rock group Throbbing Gristle, in which she played guitar. She originally changed her first name to Carol, then after meeting P-Orridge to Cosey. In 1973 she lengthened this name to Cosey Fanni Tutti, as a play on the title of Mozart’s opera Cosí fan tutte (“Thus do all women”). The name thus spanned the divide between high opera and pop music while evoking a burlesque link with “cozy,” “fanny,” “tootie,” and “tutti frutti,” all words of potential female reference. Frank Costa see Frank Donald Coster Gal Costa: Maria da Graça Costa Penna Burgos (1946–), Brazilian rock singer. “Gal” is “Girl.” [Sir] Michael Costa: Michele Costa (1808– 1884), It.-born Br. orchestral conductor, composer. The musician anglicized his full Italian name, Michele Andrea Agniello Costa, as Michael Andrew Agnus Costa. Costa-Gavras: Konstantinos Costa-Gavras (1933–), Gk.-born Fr. movie director. Elvis Costello: Declan Patrick MacManus (1954–), Br. rock singer, songwriter. When his parents divorced and separated, MacManus took his mother’s maiden name, Costello, and moved with

Coryat Junior • Cotes

her from London to Liverpool. He then returned to London and sang as a solo singer in folk clubs as D.P. Costello. In 1976 Jake Riviera signed him for Stiff Records and gave him the name Elvis, for Elvis Presley, if only so that he could promote him with the Presley slogan, “Elvis is King.” Costello’s father, bigband singer Ross MacManus, commented: “I didn’t like it, then I realised it was probably quite good because he didn’t sound anything like Elvis: I could see that Declan MacManus wasn’t a very good name for a rock star” [Sunday Times Magazine, July 17, 1994]. The musician later resumed his real name. “He explains to me the relationship between Costello and MacManus, but it’s not entirely straightforward. Elvis makes the records, clearly; that’s him on the label. But even when Declan wrote songs for other people, the singers wanted the composer to be credited as Costello, since MacManus is not a famous name. The driving licence is Costello ... but the passport has changed back to MacManus.... You don’t hear of Elton John or Cliff Richard wanting to become Reg Dwight or Harry Webb again. It’s a tricky manoeuvre” [The Times Magazine, March 2, 2002]. Frank Costello: Francesco Castiglia (1891– 1973), It.-born U.S. criminal. Lou Costello: Louis Francis Cristillo (1906– 1959), U.S. movie comedian, of It. descent, teaming with Bud Abbott. Pierre Costello: Ernest Charles Heath Hosken (1875–1934), Eng. journalist, writer. Hosken used this name for two novels, A Sinner in Israel (1910) and Tainted Lives (1912), the latter a murder mystery. Tom Costello: Thomas Costellow (1863–1943), Br. music hall comedian, singer. Al Coster: René Cardona III (1960–), Mexican juvenile movie actor. Frank Donald Coster: Philip Mariano Fausto Musica (1884–1936), U.S. fraudster, of It. parentage. Musica used this name, or variations of it, to set up a number of drug companies, both legitimate and illegitimate. As Frank Costa, he opened the Adelphi Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Company of Brooklyn in 1920. Three years later, as Frank D. Coster, he began Girard and Company in Mount Vernon, New York. By 1925 he was calling himself F. Donald Coster. Earlier, as an investigator for the New York district attorney’s office, he had worked under the name William Johnson. Costillares: Joaquín Rodríguez (1729–1800), Sp. bullfighter. The matador’s ring name means literally “ribs.” Peter Cotes: Sydney Arthur Rembrandt Boulting (1912–1998), Br. stage actor, theatrical producer. The actor’s stage name, adopted to avoid confusion with his younger brothers John and Roy Boulting

Coton • Coyote

Jacques Courtin-Clarins: Jacques Courtin (1921–2007), Fr. businessman. The founder of the luxury cosmetics and perfume firm Clarins Group added the company name to his family name in 1978. Jerome Courtland: Jerome Jourolmon (1926–), U.S. movie actor, first husband of Polly Bergen. Edward Courtney: Edward Leedes (?1599– 1677), Eng. Jesuit. Cousin ... For names beginning thus, see the next word, e.g. for Cousin Alice see Alice, for Cousin Emmy see Emmy, for Cousin Jacques see Jacques, etc. Leonard Covello: Leonardo Coviello (1887– 1982), It.-born U.S. educator. Coviello’s name was adjusted while he was in the public school system. Don Covay: Donald Randolph (1938–), U.S. black soul singer. John Coventry: John Williamson Palmer (1825– 1906), U.S. journalist. Louis George Cowan: Louis George Cohen (?1909–1976), U.S. radio, TV producer. Cohen changed his name to Cowan in 1931 on starting a public relations firm. Cowboy: Robert Keith Wiggins (1960–1989), U.S. black rapper. Joe Cowell: Joseph Leathley Hawkins-Witchett (1792–1863), Eng. stage comic, working in U.S. Jane Cowl: Grace Bailey (1884–1950), U.S. playwright, stage, movie actress. Following the failure of Information Please (1918), coauthored with fellow actress Jane Murfin, the two writers penned one of their most popular plays, Smilin’ Through (1919), under the joint male name Alan Langdon Martin, feeling that the flop of the earlier work was due in part to prejudice against female authors. Richard Cowper: John Middleton Murry (1926– 2002), Eng. SF writer, son of critic John Middleton Murry (1889–1957). The writer published four non– SF novels under the name Colin Murry, “Colin” being a nickname, and two autobiographical works, One Hand Clapping (U.S. title I at the Keyhole) (1975) and Shadows on the Grass (1977), as Colin Middleton Murry. He first used the name Richard Cowper for the SF novel Breakthrough (1967). Ida Cox: Ida Prather (1896–1967), U.S. black blues singer. Frank Coyne: Josiah Jones (1875–1906), Eng. music-hall artist. Fred Coyne: Frederick Sterling (1845–1886), Eng. music-hall artist. Peter Coyote: Peter Cohon (1941–), U.S. movie actor. The actor changed his name in 1967, allegedly either “after a healing spiritual encounter with ... a coyote” [Maltin, p.178] or as the result of a vision induced by taking the drug peyote.

(the Boulting Brothers, known as “the British movie twins”), derived from a house called “Northcotes” where he had lived as a child. A.V. Coton: Edward Haddakin (1906–1969), Eng. ballet critic, writer. Carolina Cotton: Helen Hagstom (1926–1997), U.S. singer, movie actress. Robert Turner Cotton: Edward James Mortimer Collins (1827–1876), Eng. novelist, humorist. Collins used this name for Mr. Carington (1873). Joseph Cotton: Silbert Walton (1957–), Jamaican pop singer. Walton originally recorded in 1976 as Jah Walton. He adopted his professional name in the mid–1980s. Mathilde Cottrelly: Mathilde Meyer (1851– 1933), Ger.-born U.S. stage actress. The actress adopted the stage name of her husband, English circus acrobat George Cottrell, whom she married at age 16. François Coty: Francesco Giuseppe Spoturno (1874–1934), Corsican-born Fr. perfume manufacturer. Johnny Cougar see John Mellencamp Country Jim: Jim Bledsoe (c.1925–), U.S. country, blues musician. Wayne County: Wayne Rogers (1947–), U.S. punk musician, working in U.K. There are many U.S. counties named Wayne County, including one in the musician’s native Georgia. The transexual singer and songwriter was subsequently known as Jayne County. Nicole Courcel: Nicole Marie-Anne Andrieux (1930–), Fr. movie actress. Claude Courlis see Claude Cahun Sharon Court see Fenton Brockley Georges Courteline: Georges-Victor-Marcel Moinaux (1858–1929), Fr. humorist, dramatist. Peregrine Courtenay: Winthrop Mackworth Praed (1802–1839), Eng. poet. The names have an aristocratic ring for a Cambridge man, as Praed was. Sir William Percy Honeywood Courtenay: John Nichols Tom (or Thom) (1799–1838), Eng. impostor. The former liquor dealer from Cornwall became known by his new name and title in 1832, when he sought support among the citizens of Canterbury, Kent, in a bid to improve conditions for the poor. He claimed to be heir to the earldom of Devon, a title which in 1831 had been restored to the 3d Viscount Courtenay, and also claimed the Kentish estates of Sir Edward Hales, who had died in 1829. Other names adopted by the colorful but deluded campaigner were the Hon. Sydney Percy, Count Moses Rothschild, and Squire Thompson. He was shot dead near Boughton, Kent, in a skirmish with the military known as the Battle of Bossenden Wood.

Buster Crabbe: Clarence Linden Crabbe (1908– 1983), U.S. movie actor, swimmer. Crabbe adopted his nickname “Buster,” given him in high school for his sporting prowess. Nicholas Crabbe see Baron Corvo Simon Crabtree see Michael Wharton Carl Crack: Karl Bohm (1971–2001), Swissborn Ger. “technopop” singer. Hubert Montague Crackanthorpe: Hubert Montague Cookson (1870–1896), Eng. short-story writer. The family name was changed in 1888. Charles Egbert Craddock: Mary Noailles Murfree (1850–1922), U.S. novelist, short-story writer. Mary Murfree, who wrote in dialect, took her (male) name from Egbert Craddock, a character in one of her early stories in Appleton’s Journal, adding “Charles” as a name that went well with the combination. It was not until 1885, the year after the publication of her first collection of stories, In the Tennessee Mountains, that the editor of the Atlantic Monthly, to which she contributed, discovered the author of the tales of mountaineers and their pioneer romances to be in reality a frail, crippled spinster. Murfree began her literary career by using the name R. Emmett Dembry for two stories in Lippincott’s Magazine. Fanny Cradock: Phyllis Nan Sortain Cradock, née Primrose-Pechey (1909–1994), Br. TV chef. The popular broadcaster’s surname was that of her third husband, Major John Cradock, who accompanied her in her programs. (They first met in 1939 and although she took his name they did not marry until 1977.) Her new first name was that of a grandmother with whom she went to live at age 15. She used the name Frances Dale as fashion editor of the Sunday Graphic, and together with her husband adopted the joint nom de plume “Bon Viveur” for a column on travel and food in the Daily Telegraph. “The Telegraph, sticklers for exactitude, wanted it to be called ‘Bon Vivant’ but she overruled them” [Christine Hamilton, The Book of British Battleaxes, 1997]. A.A. Craig: Poul William Anderson (1926–), U.S. SF writer. Ailsa Craig: Edith Ailsa Geraldine Craig (1869– 1947), Eng. stage actress, producer The actress was given her stage name by her mother, Ellen Terry (see Gordon Craig), but used it only early in her career, performing with Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, London. “When Richard III was revived in 1896 the part of King’s Page was played by Edith Craig. ‘Ailsa’ had vanished for ever from the programmes” [Harcourt Williams, “Bygones,” in Eleanor Adlard, ed., Edy: Recollections of Edith Craig, 1949]. Alisa Craig: Charlotte Matilda Macleod (1922–), Can. thriller writer. The name must surely be based

Crabbe • Craig-Hallam

on the Scottish isle of Ailsa Craig, written about by Keats and Wordsworth (see Gordon Craig). David Craig : Allan James Tucker (1929–), Welsh crime writer. The writer adopted his wife’s maiden name as his pen name. He has also written under his real name (as James Tucker). Douglas Craig: Ernest Herbert Douglas Jones (1916–2009), Eng. musical director, singer. The director of the Sadler’s Wells Theatre, London, had never been too keen on his original prosaic name, so changed it to one with more distinctive theatrical connections. Gordon Craig: Edward Henry Gordon Godwin (1872–1966), Eng. stage actor, designer, director. Craig was the illegitimate son of actress Ellen Terry (1847–1928) and architect Edward William Godwin (1833–1886). He was thus known as Edward Godwin until 1878, when his mother married actor Charles Kelly and he became Edward Wardell, taking the latter’s original name. In 1887 his mother gave him the additional names Henry, for his godfather, actor Henry Irving, whose leading lady she was, and Gordon, for his godmother, Lady Gordon. He assumed the name Craig in 1888. “This came about in haphazard fashion when, with his mother, Henry [Irving], and possibly [his sister] Edy, he was on holiday on the west coast of Scotland, driving past a huge dark rock out in the Atlantic. They were intrigued, asked what it was and were told Ailsa Craig. Ellen was delighted, ‘What a good stage name! A pity you can’t have it, Ted. I shall give it to Edy’” [Moira Shearer, Ellen Terry, 1998]. Edy, now aged 19, was thus christened Edith Ailsa Geraldine Craig (see Ailsa Craig), while 16-year-old Ted became Edward Henry Gordon Craig, “finally settling the uncertainty of Godwin, Terry or Wardell” [ibid.]. He subsequently legalized the name by deed poll. “This shifting-sands character named himself after a rock, to reclaim himself from illegitimacy, and avoid having to take the name of his mother’s husband” [Susannah Clapp, review of Michael Holroyd, A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families, Times Literary Supplement, December 19 & 26, 2008]. James Craig: James Henry Meador (1912–1985), U.S. movie actor. The actor took his screen name following his appearance in Craig’s Wife (1936). Michael Craig: Michael Gregson (1928–), Eng. movie actor. Vera Craig see Fenton Brockley Craigfryn: Isaac Hughes (1852–1928), Welsh novelist. The writer assumed a placename meaning literally “rock hill.” Richard Craig-Hallam: Horace Ernest Richard Smith (1910–2000), Eng. soldier. Lieutenant-Colonel

Germany). Harry Crawford: Eugenia Falleni (1875–1938). ‘“Lucille LeSueur” sounds too stagy. As a young girl. playwright. suffragist. Gentleman (1856). Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515– 1586).” Works appearing before her marriage were published as by Dinah Maria Mulock or simply Miss Mulock. writer. The painter adopted the name of his birthtown.S.. He thus honored her maiden name (his existing middle name) by dropping his own first name. Crampton. Ger. was published some time before her marriage in 1865 to George Lillie Craik. Eng. last surviving president of a British war crimes court in the Far East. Eng. writing in Portuguese.” His son. prose writer. Ireland’s first president was the founder of the Gaelic League and a cam- . took his new name when he was sent to Germany after the trials to take command of the remains of a former German paratroop battalion. Carannog. banker. The writer assumed this male name for novels written in the 1960s and 1970s. children’s writer. Les Crane: Lesley Stein (1933–2008). Douglas Hyde’s was the guiding hand and his the biggest influence. Eng.. Although the writer’s best-known novel.Craik • Crawford 122 paigner for the native Irish language. punk-rock musician. kept the name. Hawes Craven: Henry Hawes Craven Green (1837–1910). she obtained early release and lived the rest of her life as Mrs. theatrical scene painter. She would soon become Billie Cassin. she acquired her lasting stage name: “Obviously Lucille LeSueur was a comer. Why not conduct a nationwide publicity contest to find a name for the promising new actress? A McFadden fan publication. U.” literally “The fair excellent young little branch”). Henry Thornton Craven: Henry Thornton (1818–1905). Welsh poet. statesman. In 1919 she married Lizzie Allinson. Rhodes used this name for Eccentric Tales in Verse (1808). Lloyd Crane see Jon Hall Phyllis Crane: Phyllis Francis (1912–). Thomas. actor. “Well. She subsequently admitted she was a woman. The winner was ‘Joan Arden. even if it is the girl’s name. Fr. you certainly picked a fancy one”). after Harry Cassin. Craik: Dinah Maria Craik. painter. movie actress. computer software tycoon.’ Mayer granted permission. crossdresser. Lucas Cranach (the Elder): Lucas Müller (1472– 1553). née Mulock (1826–1887). Eng. where the parish church is dedicated to St. this also being one of her own names (in full Barbara Mary Crampton Pym). Cranach (now Kronach. His name comes from the title of a traditional Irish song. movie actress. Br. The younger Gaels looked up to him as men look up to a prophet.” I think we ought to change it.-Scandinavian parentage The actress first played (1925) under her real name (on which a Hollywood producer is said to have commented. novelist. In 1913 she married Annie Birkett. talkshow host. John Cranston: Christina Jamieson (1864– 1942). Arthur Cravan: Fabian Lloyd (1887–?1920). ‘An Craoibhín’— the ‘Little Branch’— they called him affectionately” [Irish Press. He first indicated his adoption of the name by signing his painting Rest on the Flight into Eg ypt (1504) as “LC. The poet took her bardic name from her native village of Llangrannog. Joan Crawford: Lucille Fay LeSueur (1905– 1977). Anne Crawford: Imelda Crawford (1919–1956).’ argued Smith. and her father’s middle name. historian. Ir. Vetrinha (1922–). Cranogwen: Sarah Jane Rees (1839–1916). 1949]. Jean Ford. U. poet. The writer used this male name for contributions to local papers. and sentenced to death. After serving 11 years in jail. Vincent Crane: Vincent Rodney Cheesman (1943–). ‘And it sounds too much like “LeSewer. José Craveirinha: José G. The name is pronounced approximately “Un creen een. and Smith went to work. was arrested and tried for the murder of her first wife (Birkett). U.S. agreed to sponsor the contest. honey. poet. with whom her mother had formed a liaison.S. It. U. rock musician. burlesque writer. Hart Crane: Harold Hart Crane (1899–1932). of Fr.. Falleni dressed as a boy and later worked as a man. The [MGM] publicity chief laid his case before Louis Mayer. U. John Halifax. They were consistently rejected by publishers. Eng. she claimed to be Harry Leon Crawford. An Craoibhín Aoibhinn: Douglas Hyde (1860– 1949). Wesley Craile see Fenton Brockley Cornelius Crambo: William Barnes Rhodes (1772–1826). its author is still usually known as “Mrs. But Pete Smith was convinced she couldn’t make it with that name.-Can.-born Austral.S. movie actress. novelist.” “During the greater part of the struggle [for independence]. musician. editor. Sc.’ and Lucille LeSueur became Joan Arden for a few days until a Richard Craig-Hallam. Forced to take sides when his parents’ marriage began to break down./Ir. When questioned by police in 1920. Movie Weekly. Craik. Not long after. Eng. “An craoibhín aoibhinn álainn óg” (“The fair excellent young maid.S. Tom Crampton: Barbara Pym (1913–1980). however. who disappeared in 1917. Crane became increasingly estranged from his father and closer to his mother. Mrs. a Scot born in Edinburgh. She took the name from her mother’s maiden name. Mozambican poet. Darby Crash: Jan Paul Beahm (1959–1980).

Hector St. Sr. Fr. translator.’ the actor replied.1900–1973). Another pen name used by Pardon was George Quiet.S. Fr. 1979].-born U. Joseph Crehan: Charles Wilson (1884–1966). James Albany. writer. a petit seigneur de Cresnes (“little lord of Cresnes”). stage. She apparently devised her unusual first name herself. The author was born Dorothy Baynes but assumed the additional name of Colston by deed poll in 1946. Hector St. Darley adopted this name for The New Sketch-Book (1829). inherited what remained of the estates of her father.123 bit player protested that the name belonged to her. origin. blues musician.1510– c. a Royal Air Force pilot. The military leader came to be known by the English equivalent of his Sioux name.S. Fr. The writer adopted the name of the son of Sir Pitt Crawley.S. p. which he is said to have assumed either after dreaming of horses [Mari Sandoz. 1955] or because a wild horse ran through his camp when he was born [Stoutenburgh. Houston. The writer took her new name from her husband. Crèvecoeur did not return to France with the defeated troops but resigned his commission and took passage to New York. composer. Crazy Horse: Ta-sunko-witko (c.” J. Captain Rawdon Crawley: George Frederick Pardon (1824–1884). The writer became Crewe by deed poll in 1945 when his mother. “We fear this is a use of a pseudonym we should condemn. had been killed in action in 1940. It is not clear to what extent Pardon actually wished to be identified with the character’s disagreeable nature. Marie M. U.S. perhaps evolving from “Dorothy Colston. In 1945 Doris. movie actor. Crébillon: Prosper Joliot.) He subsequently adopted this name legally. U.S. traveler. p. Lady Annabel Crewe-Milnes. Adolphe Crémieux: Isaac Moïse (1796–1880). where on arrival in 1759 he changed his name to J. He also wrote as Rev. U. Quentin Crewe: Quentin Hugh Dodds (1926– 1998). Geoffrey Crayon. ‘It sounds like “Crawfish. a collection of familiar essays and tales. for it savours of book-making [i. movie. Her pseudonym appears to be a sexually ambiguous name. Crazy Horse: The Strange Man of the Oglalas. Jewish leader. Le Fanu used this name for contributions to the Dublin University Magazine. many under both his names. Crawford first married Douglas Fairbanks. née Pike.” Paul Creston: Giuseppe Guttoveggio (1906– 1985). the Marquess of Crewe. Br. Creuddynfab: William Williams (1814–1869). The actor was born the illegitimate son of Doris Smith. He also wrote as Richard Belvoir. John Lacy. politician. Tisdale . The pen name is appropriate for the title of the work. and an unknown father. journalist. biographer. and used it for the semiautobiographical heroine of her novel Les Angoisses douloureuses qui procèdent d’amours (“The Grievous Anxieties that Proceed from Love”) (1538). Native American chief. then actor Franchot Tone (1905–1968). ‘They might have called you “Cranberry” and served you every Thanksgiving with the turkey’” [Bob Thomas. Crawford • Crewe Pee Wee Crayton: Connie Curtis (1914–1985). Fr.81]. Geoffrey Crayon. sieur de Crais-Billon (1674–1762). Irving used the name for The Sketch Book (1819–20). . novelist. whose husband. novelist. Some sources give Crawford’s original surname inaccurately as “Dumble-Smith. Guy Penseval. John (as he is now usually known in America itself ) and his language to English.e.1842–1877). Kid Creole see August Darnell Charles de Cresseron: Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu (1814–1873). He then opted for a more distinctive name. John de Crèvecoeur: Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur (1735–1813). Francis Purcell. crime novelist. Geoffrey Crayon: Washington Irving (1783– 1859). editor. the writing of books for simple commercial gain]” [Hamst.. Rae also wrote as R. Arthur Dumbell Smith. After military service in Canada during the French and Indian War.S.S.: George Darley (1795– 1846). writer. and Peter Patricius Pickle-Herring. married Lionel Ingram. organist.B. sporting writer. Jr.1550). a work in the spirit of his U.” Robert Crawford: Hugh Crawford Rae (1935–). U. and Stuart Stern. Welsh literary critic. Joan Crawford. The name thus literally means “son of Creuddyn. (“Crawford’s Crackers” are still well known in Britain. and selected “Crawford” from a passing cookie truck on quitting school at age 15. and her son took his stepfather’s name. Kathryn Crawford: Kathryn Crawford Moran (1908–1980). while for romantic novels he adopted the female name Jessica Sterling. Sc. dramatic poet. jun. humorous writer. namesake.”’ ‘“Crawford’s” not so bad. mathematician. ‘Joan Crawford !’ the former Lucille complained to her new friend William Haines. movie actress. He used it for several handbooks on different sports and games. of It. writer. near Llandudno. calling himself Michael Ingram. U. poet. then Phillip Terry.36]. brutal. Br. writer. Hélisenne de Crenne: Marguerite Briet (c.S. Creuddyn. The writer took his name from his birthplace. Eng. the coarse. U. Ir. Eng. wife-bullying old man in Thackeray’s Vanity Fair (1847–8). Michael Crawford: Michael Patrick Smith (1942–). Ir. Sgt. TV actor.). Dormer Creston: Dorothy Julia ColstonBaynes (c.. (see Douglas Fairbanks. The second choice was submitted by Mrs.

working in U. Mexican movie actress. TV actress.. not noms de plume. Eng. Criswell: Charles Criswell King (1907–1982). Douglas Croft: Douglas Malcolm Wheatcroft (1929–). Pietro Crinito: Pietro Riccio (1475–1507). TV entertainer. Fr.” referring to her former nickname. sister of Arthur Conan Doyle.. Job Crithannah: Jonathan Birch (1783–1847). Br. born in Aberdeen. Crispa: Margery Ruth Edwards (1918–). SF writer. in the south of England.. who very nervously went to see Paul Creyton: John Townsend Trowbridge (1827– 1916). “The High School . The comedian presumably based his name on the interjection of surprise. The new name may refer to Croisset. stage actress. psychic. however. creator of Sherlock Holmes. leaving this pseudonym for his crime and SF fiction. artist’s model. the location of the house outside Rouen where Gustave Flaubert.S. U.-born Austral. writer of books for boys.S.’ but played for safety by not using her full name. Eng. She forgot. fantasy-fiction writer. Ir. comedy. Robert A. novelist.” lived and wrote for much of his life. née Fletcher (1850–1918). presumably taking it from the 5th century BC Athenian. playwright. Howard Crockett: Howard Hausey (1925– 1944). a book of travels by the Scottish writer Michael Scott (1789–1835).S. an anagram of his real name. TV scriptwriter.. anti-dilettante (1921). U.S. The Stately Homo: A Celebration of the Life of Quentin Crisp. Walker took his pseudonym from Tom Cringle’s Log. H. composer. The writer used this name for five novels and collections of regional tales set in Scotland. . Br. writer. Eng. novelist. children’s writer. humanist.born Br. Michael Cristofer: Michael Procaccino (1945–). had a rule that their staff should have no other employment without the Headmistress’s express permission. Burks (1898–1974). send for Richmal. travel-sketch writer. movie. The writer adopted his mother’s maiden name as his professional name. crossword compiler. Watson (1845– 1921). political journalist.” so that the name perhaps stands for Watson herself. ed. Richmal Crompton: Richmal Crompton Lamburn (1890–1969).. “Curly. Nita Croft: Nita Pycroft (1902–). U. Eng. who was a friend of Socrates and introduced by Plato in one of his dialogues.S. Otis Criblecolis see W. as well as the feminine form of Latin crispus. The writer used this pseudonym early in his career for such novels as Father Brighthopes. Br. crime. Eng. Chrystal Croftangry see Jedediah Cleishbotham Francis de Croisset: Frantz Wiener (1877– 1937). of Belg. performer.” quipped the gay icon. northeastern Scotland. Fields Jimmy Cricket: James Mulgrew (1945–). U. born in London. Jaq Croft: Jacqueline Mycroft (1968–). but when this proved unsuitable for publicity purposes he replaced it with the more marketable Croft. Linda Cristal: Victoria Maya (1936–). U. “Denis Pratt. Quentin Crisp: Denis Pratt (1909–1999). Fr. It. rock musician. U. Deas is Gaelic for “the South. with Morals and Ethical Index (1851). Her pseudonym derives from this. The writer composed music under his own name.S. Fr. and for her Scottish husband. songwriter. The writer used this name for polemical articles in the paper L’Action française. composer. He took his pen name from a character in Michael Innes’s early detective novel Hamlet. and Hearts and Faces (1855). The author of the stories featuring the schoolboy William Brown adopted her pen name when writing for magazines while teaching classics at a London girls’ school. the “hermit of Croisset.S. Edmund Crispin: Robert Bruce Montgomery (1921–1978). Revenge! (1937). published in Blackwood’s Magazine from 1829 to 1833. Eng. or an Old Clerg yman’s Vacation (1853). movie actor. Richmal was not sure whether her free-lance writing counted as ‘other employment. The name itself translates as “Mr. Rev. writer. “jiminy cricket!” Tom Cringle: William Walker (1838–1908). “as my name was before I dyed it” [Paul Bailey. née Doyle (1877–1927). 2001]. The actor’s name was originally shortened to Douglas Wheat.C. translator. Martin Merrivale. The author used this name. Miss Hodge . The composer used this name for some of his musical criticisms. Sc. U. origin. poet. “curled. screenwriter.Creyton • Crompton 124 Monsieur Croche: Achille-Claude Debussy (1862–1918). writer. Deas Cromarty: Elizabeth Sophia Watson. After an unhappy second marriage the setter changed her name to Ruth Crisp. Quaver” (in the sense “eighth note”). that the annual index to Punch used proper names. for Fifty-one Original Fables. not far from the historic district of Cromarty. His mark (1854). Peter Criss: Peter Crisscoula (1945–). He made a selection of these in 1917 and they were published posthumously as by Monsieur Croche. writer. better known in English as Crito.S. Ripley Cromarsh: Bryan Mary Julia Josephine Angell. Eng. Estil Critchie: Arthur J. Criton: Charles Maurras (1868–1952). juvenile movie actor. David Croft: David Sharland (1922–).” given for her frizzy hair.

Eng. popularly known as the V.S. Christopher Crowfield: Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe (1811–1896). The initials ‘V. the Order of the Silver Star.V. Zanuck began his career as a screenwriter for Warner Bros. sister of Laurence Hope. Welsh great-grandfather of Eng. Richard Cromwell: (1) Richard Williams (?–?). Richmal Crompton: The Woman Behind William. and he presumably picked what he saw as a Celtic equivalent of “Alexander.) On his initiation in 1898 into the magical society known as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn he was given the magical name Perdurabo. Richard Williams’s own father was a Welshman. caricaturist. Ir. who rose to fortune by the protection of Thomas Cromwell. popular songwriter.. U. Eng. why didn’t you tell me?’ Gradually after this the identity of the author of the William stories leaked out to the school” [Mary Cadogan. movie producer. botanist. According to Giorgio Vasari’s Lives (1550). Arthur Cronquist: Franklin Arthur Beers (1919–1992).” In 1907 Crowley founded his own society. led many fans of her scruffy young hero to assume that she was a man. soldier. “In my life I have con- . Paule Croset see Paula Corday Amanda Cross: Carolyn Gold Heilbrun (1926–).” “She selected as a pseudonym the name of a military decoration. a colonel in the Indian army. Either because of his fondness for this character. Il Cronaca: Simone del Pollaiolo (1457–1508). Fr. writer. p. or make Victoria cross” [Schlueter. movie actor.V. pop singer. Her stories were regularly illustrated by Thomas Henry. calling himself Frater V. painter. U. Morgan Williams. The other two were Mark Canfield and Gregory Rogers. adopting it from his mother’s maiden name of Vallentin. feminist literary critic. After the death of Queen Victoria (1901). The author’s unusual first name. U. Heilbrun adopted this name (to protect her academic career at Columbia University) for mystery novels featuring the English feminist detective Kate Fansler. rock singer. A name playing on “crisscross. who married Katherine Cromwell. Sc.C.S. The British crotchet is the American quarternote. crooner.S. Dalton Billy Crotchet: William Davidson Crockett (1920–).V. (2) Roy M. Victoria Cross: Annie Sophie Cory (1868– 1952). U. It.. the architect was nicknamed “The Chronicler” from his accurate accounts of the marvels of Rome. Presumably the artist translated his name to promote his national name internationally.” Henri Edmond Cross: Henri Delacroix (1856– Cromwell • Crowley 1910). where he studied. movie actor. neoimpressionist painter.S. as if to imply that she too had engaged in combat and displayed valor. Radebaugh (1910– 1960). Cory’s father. with its hero a character named Bing. poet.S. He was not related to the painter Antonio Pollaiuolo. when on entering Trinity College. Jewish parentage. Robert Cromwell. Cambridge. interpreted as “The One Who Will Endure.’ corresponded to ‘Victoria Cross. and later in life Crowley took on the lifestyle of a Highland laird.125 her.S.C. statesman Oliver Cromwell. The author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1851) used this male name for some of her lesser writings.” (A Scottish Gaelic equivalent would have been Alasdair. Zanuck (1902– 1979). 1986]. the letters standing for Latin Vi Veri Vniversum Vivus Vici. French croquis means “sketch.V. Hume Cronyn: Hume Cronyn Blake (1911– 2003). playwright. Crab Crossbones see Xariffa Melville Crossman: Darryl F. earl of Essex [(?1485–1540)]. Christopher Cross: Christopher Geppert (1951–). U. and suggested double meanings: the frankness of her fiction would cross (Queen) Victoria. David Crosby: David Van Cortland (1941–). Mark Cross: Archibald Thomas Pechey (1876– 1961). was decorated at the siege of Lucknow. movie actor. Aleister Crowley: Edward Alexander Crowley (1875–1947). or (some say) his resemblance to it. Pechey also used the name Valentine. comedy musician. was the “grandson of a certain Richard Williams. Alfred Croquis: Daniel Maclise (1806–1870).S. architect.S. Crowley’s new first name appeared in 1895. Harry Crosby enjoyed the comic strip “Bingville Bugle” when at grade school. Can. The artist used this name for “A Gallery of Illustrious Literary Characters” published in Fraser’s Magazine in the 1830s. she dropped the “e. Jill Croston see Lacy J. novelist. novelist. he signed the register as “Edward Aleister Crowley.” There has been much speculation why he chose this name. Crowley mistakenly believed he had Irish ancestry. film studio head.” Bing Crosby: Harry Lillis Crosby (1903–1977). The writer’s pen name (originally Victoria Crosse) puns on the gallantry award. U. of Russ. father of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658). and adopted the name of his patron” [Dictionary of National Biography]. he was nicknamed “Bing” and later adopted the name. Eng.174]. which she inherited from her grandmother.’ a name she used instead of her birth name. Thomas’s elder sister. occultist. crime writer. U. Her true identity was not revealed until 1972. She was greeted with an excited ‘My dear. using three pseudonyms so that his name did not appear on too many of the company’s films. U.

dramatist. 3d floor. The name is now borne by the Mexican bullfighter Jorge Benavides (1978–). critic.S. Netherlands. playwright. “beast.” He was then living with Amanda Porter.” He dropped the initial in 1925. Paul Crum: Roger Pettiward (1906–1942). capable of drawing very fine lines. Eng. black poet.” with no accent on the first “e. however. and Soror Vikaram. Guy Cullingford: Constance Lindsay Taylor (1907–2000). movie director. Ir.3: Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854–1900). movie actress. comic artist + Charles Robert Forrester (1803–1850). but having noticed that morning over a door in Lincoln’s Inn Fields (or the Temple) the name ‘Cumberbatch’ (not ‘Comberback’).1908). bullfighter. poet.” meaning “born on Friday. Kathryn Culver see Brett Halliday Silas Tomken Cumberbatch: Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772–1834). When she died in 1917.” Other names used by Crowley include Khaled Khan. black boatbuilder. The name itself was his prison number (block C. Although never formally adopted by them. The name of Cullen’s father is not known. Pedro Manuel de Asbaje y Vargas Machuca. The first Calderón knew of his new identity was when he saw the engagement announced in a local paper. after which the name was borne by Alfred alone. New York. painter. His pseudonym means “Hugh the Scotsman. nun. U.] John Irwin Brown (fl. Publication of the second edition revealed the true author. Juan Cugat) and Mingall de Bru y Deulofeo (his mother). bandleader. Tom Cruise: Thomas Cruise Mapother IV (1962–). Eng. he went to live with the Rev. James Cruze: Jens Cruz Bosen (1884–1942). novelist. In 1916 he was enrolled in Public School Number 27 in the Bronx. is a special type of artist’s pen. Juana was born the illegitimate child of a Spanish captain. U. about his experiences in the jail of the title. of Dan. Joe Cuba: Gilberto Miguel Calderón (1931– 2009). writer. Cugat (from his father. in which the female narrator tells of her unhappy love. U. Irwin Brown was minister of the Scottish Presbyterian Church in Rotterdam. properly “Kofi. industrialist.” implying a native speaker of Gaelic. on enlisting in the 15th Dragoons in 1793: “No objection having been taken to his height. minister. leading him to conclude that somebody else had stolen his gig. Paul Cuffe: Paul Slocum (1759–1817). Welsh poet. working in U. of Puerto Rican parentage. Porter. Ridgewell Cullum: Sidney Groves Burghard (1867–1943). he was asked his name. The penultimate of these derives from Greek therion. Sp.-Mexican poet. he claimed them as his natural parents and in 1918 took the name Countée P Cullen. Charles Forrester abandoned his literary activities around 1843. the club’s owner decided his . Hung. the middle initial stand. The poet’s bardic name means “cross. C3. originally made from crows’ quills. of Lithuanian parentage. Crwys: William Crwys Williams (1875–1968). She entered a Carmelite convent at the age of 16 but left a few months later and made her profession in the convent of Jerome under the religious name and title Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (Sister Joanna Agnes of the Cross).S. which went into eight editions. Cuey-na-Gael: [Rev. as “Countee L. The musician’s original name breaks down into Francisco de Asis (“Francis of Assisi”). The poet adopted the name. Penélope Cruz: Penélope Cruz Sanchez (1974–).” Xavier Cugat: Francisco de Asis Javier Cugat Mingall de Bru y Deulofeo (1900–1990). Br. bandleader. after playing in various groups.Crown • Cumberbatch 126 name was not a crowd-puller and billed him instead as Joe Cuba and his Sextet.’ and such was the entry in quered the universe with the power of truth. or age. the Jose Calderon Sextet. Dr. set in 1980s Hungary but written in 17th-century Hungarian.S. U. cartoonist. Sp.” Lili Csokonai: Péter Esterházy (1950–). Eng. The novel won high critical acclaim and was assumed to be by a new writer. the salsa musician formed his own band. Juana Inés de la Cruz: Juana Ramírez de Asbaje (1651–1695). Esterházy used this name for Tizenhét hattyúk (“Seventeen swans”) (1987). Sp. who was probably his grandmother. The writer used this name for his poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898). writer. writer of westerns. crime writer. Alfred Crowquill: Alfred Henry Forrester (1804– 1872). Javier (giving Xavier). parentage. Sc.S. and being thus accepted. when he wrote his amusing account An Irishman’s Difficulties with the Dutch Language (1908). retaining his initials. Sp.S. Cúchares: Francisco Arjona Herrera (1818– 1868). Count Vladimir Svareff. movie actor. illustrator. U. ing for “Porter.-born U. The Pan-Africanist adopted his father’s Akan name. Master Therion. and Isabel Ramírez de Santillana. he thought this word sufficiently outlandish. short-story writer. and replied. In 1954.” matching the title Crowley had taken to himself.S. U. poet. cell #3). Frederick Asbury Cullen and his wife.S. He had previously determined to give one that was thoroughly Kamschatkian.S. “The Beast 666. Countée Cullen: ? (?1903–1946). Br. ‘Silas Tomken Cumberbatch. A crow quill. Eng.” Henry Crown: Henry Krinsky (1896–1990). his brother. On landing a booking at a leading New York Latin music venue.

Bernie Schwartz’” [Tony Curtis and Barry Paris. Cummings • Curtiz Avon Curry: Jean Bowden (1920–).Fr. Westlake (1933–2008).S. Jennifer Bland. cummings: Edward Estlin Cummings (1894–1962)..S. U. mystery writer. working in U.S. The actor explains: “When I started in movies. whose own original name is said to have been George Parrott. novelist. “I wish I had written this book. Robert Cunninghame-Graham: Robert Graham (?–c. Kid Curry: Harvey Logan (1865–1903).S. e.S. Dye (1902–1952). Finally I hit on Anthony Curtis.S. and it eventually got shortened to Tony. priest..’ So I went over to meet him and I was so nervous. For this purpose he was Blade Stanhope Conway. Fr.S. we’ll go over and meet him. The actress’s middle name. I knew I’d have to change my name.K. such as Helen Whiffletree and Professor Dunkell of Colgate University. King Curtis: Curtis Ousley (1934–1971). Constance Cummings: Constance Cummings Levy.) Cummings devised a variety of humorous pseudonyms for his comic contributions to Vanity Fair.-born Eng. Sc.S. ‘Hi. while for Not All Saints (1914) she was Elizabeth Rayner. Mann Curtis: Norman Kurtz. although not as regularly or insistently as is sometimes supposed.V. movie actor. romantic novelist.. U. Fr. Cummings used the lowercase form of his name until the 1930s.S. novelist. Belloc Lowndes. gastronome.e. the author adopted this name for Noted Murder Mysteries (1914). Robert Cummings: Charles Clarence Robert Orville Cummings (1908–1990)..) Chris Curtis: Christopher Crummey (1941– 2005). First Jimmy Curtis. J. adopted the name of his uncle. Finlay Currie: Finlay Jefferson (1878–1968). movie actor. where he was in charge of the parish from 1817 to the end of his life. (Some sources misspell Curtis’s original name as “Neberroth” by mistranscription of the initial letter. He also wrote three novels as Walter Ericson. novelist. Fr. stage. and under this name succeeded in obtaining a part in Galsworthy’s last play. Robert Bontine Cunninghame-Graham (1852–1936). essayist. of Eng. Tony Curtis: The Autobiography.127 the regimental book” [Joseph Cottle. Philip Curtin: Marie Adelaide Lowndes. The songwriter’s greatgrandson and namesake was the writer.S. parentage. pop singer. The Roof (1929). TV actor. movie actress. Le Curé d’Ars: Jean-Baptiste-Marie Vianney (1786–1859). movie actor. movie. lyricist. Tessa Barclay. movie actress. U. Curtiz’s obituary in The Times (April 12. as is also said. Steven John.. chiefly relating to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. descent. The writer assumed the additional name of Cunninghame in 1796 on succeeding to the estates of John Cunninghame. 15th (and last) earl of Glencairn. and I went through a whole basketful of them—every conceivable kind of name. U. and adventurer. was the maiden name of her mother. my idol. movie actor. The gunslinger. songwriter. Jocelyn Barry. 1993]. The jacket had a blurb written by Westlake himself saying. 1962) records that . a member of the Wild Bunch led by Butch Cassidy. movie director. U. Morgan Cunningham: Donald E. which she took as her stage surname. of Hung. Sc.. Dick Curtis: Richard D.S. and Belinda Dell. Then Johnny Curtis. U. née Belloc (1868–1947). E. Fr. Early Recollections. One of my Hungarian ancestors’ names was Kertész. U.-born U. U.. U. The prolific author of crime fiction used this name for a spoof of Arthur Hailey’s novels Hotel (1965) and Airport (1968) set in a public toilet and called Comfort Station (1973). so I thought maybe I’d anglicize it to Curtis. daughter of Janet Leigh and Tony Curtis. concert artist Kate Cummings. U. John Stevens. Janet said. (1911–1984). The actor’s regular screen name is not as original as the one under which he passed himself off when he went to England to acquire the accent. Ken Curtis: Curtis Gates (1916–1991). I was at a cocktail party with Janet Leigh. Jamie Lee Curtis: Jamie Leigh Curtis (1958–).S.S. Other names used by the writer were Barbara Annandale.1797). movie actress. Not long after I changed it. U. Peter Curtis see Juliet Astley Tony Curtis: Bernard Schwartz (1925–). née Halverstadt (1910–2005). Cunningham: Howard Fast (1914–2003).–born stage. black saxophonist. a notorious cattle rustler. U. Sr. The author of Spartacus (1951) used this pseudonym for detective and police novels. crime writer.S. Alan Curtis: Harold Ueberroth (1909–1953). I said. ‘Come on. husband of Priscilla Lawson. Curnonsky: Maurice Edmond Sailland (1872– 1956). 1837]. and there was Cary Grant. Eng. Hung. George Sutherland (“Flat Nose”) Curry (1841–1882). Sc. The patron saint of parish priests gained his better-known name from the village of Ars-en-Dombes. politician. U.S. Known generally as Mrs. my name is .” See also Richard Stark. Jean-Louis Curtis: Louis Laffitte (1917–1995). U. poet. (Nor did he legally change his name to lowercase letters only.. cookery writer. movie actor. Michael Curtiz: Mihály Kertész Kaminer (1886– 1962). outlaw. Grace Cunard: Harriet Mildred Jeffries (1894– 1967).

Eng. crime writer. stage comedian. Ir. Buchanan originally wrote as Rhone Petrie. about a schoolgirl called Miley Stewart who disguises herself by night as a glamorous pop singer. U. such as the 6th-century traditional founder of Brittany who it is said will one day return to restore to the Welsh the right to govern the whole of Britain. England. U. . Wood-Seys settled in California to grow olives and write novels. The minister’s bardic name means literally “chief stone. novelist. juvenile TV. secret agant. philosopher. Byrne his name “went through a number of transformations and transliterations before reaching its final American form. (It is thus not the better-known Bergerac in the Dordogne. the noble Milanese family who were his patrons. Chuck D: Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (1960–). took his religious name on entering the Catholic Benedictine novitiate in 1876. “I was given the name Rob da Bank when I was 18 and needed a DJ name. religious. née Belderson (1922–). writer. née King (?1782–1825).” Cynddelw: Robert Ellis (1810–1875). male soprano singer.” as an epithet. My wife says it sounds stupid and I have to agree. Eng. given by her ambitious parents. née Thorpe (1910–1963). The abbot of Downside Abbey.1758). black rapper. U. The poet. U. cartoonist. to humour me” [Sunday Times.) Cybi was a 6th-century saint.S. The name itself means “chief image. 2009]. Byzantine missionary. The writer better known as Eben Fardd used this name as a young man.S. Charlotte Dacre: Charlotte Byrne. Marie Duell). The writer’s assumed name means “wild Welshman.” Cynicus: Martin Anderson (1854–1932).) Clare Curzon: Eileen-Marie Duell Buchanan. Welsh poet. Paul Cushing: Roland Alexander Wood-Seys (1854–1919). Fr. He and his brother Methodius were jointly known as “Apostles of the Slavs. then under forms of her real name (Marie Buchanan.” Miley Cyrus: Destiny Hope Cyrus (1992–). The name itself means “chief.” the latter being his native district. movie actress. Fr. The actress first appeared under her birth name. but it’s my trademark — there’s no point in changing it. April 19.1705–c. Bob Custer: Raymond Anthony Glenn (1898– 1974). Hannah Montana.S. Caran d’Ache see Caran d’Ache Morton Da Costa: Morton Tecosky (1914– 1989). took his bardic name from that of a Welsh saint or historical figure. record producer.827–869).Curzon • Dacre 128 Cynthia: Amy Elizabeth Pack. Dom Cuthbert: Edward Joseph Aloysius Butler (1858–1934). stage.S. In 1638 the colorful and controversial writer began adding “de Bergerac” to his original name. Welsh poet and critic.” (But not to an ultimate possible Curtis.” “high. daughter of country singer Billy Ray Cyrus (1961–). Pierre Dac: André Issac (1893–1975). St. “Smiley Miley. It means “Cybi of Eifionydd. which presents him as a fictional character. but the phrase itself dates from medieval times (Welsh gwyllt Gwalia). Pol. Sc. Sir] Albert Evans-Jones (1895– 1970). (It also gave the name of Eifionydd.” “Wild Wales.S. movie director. black rapper. antiquary. The singer adopted a name to fit her foulmouthed image.” Adam Czepiel: Stanislaw Brzozowski (1878– 1911). The singer took his name from the Cusani. Welsh hymnwriter. Rob da Bank: Robert Gorham (1973–).] Cyril: Constantine (c. before settling in the 1970s to the name by which she became known for her short stories. The Baptist minister adopted a traditional bardic name for his poetry. Cuthbert was a 7th-century bishop of Lindisfarne.” given for her sunny disposition. literary critic. novelist. Cusanino: Giovanni Carestini (c. The writer’s adopted surname is the Polish word for “skull.” Cynfaen: John Hugh Evans (1833–1886). Cynddelw was the name of a famous 12th-century Welsh court poet. Cynan: [Rev. shortly before his death. The artist’s name alludes to the satirical nature of his work. but in 2008 legally changed her name to Miley Ray Cyrus. Pol. Her new name was also that of the character she played in the TV series Hannah Montana (2005). movie actor. It. Br. A punning name based on the broadcaster’s first name. her new first name coming from her nickname.) His name became widely known through Edmond Rostand’s verse play Cyrano de Bergerac (1897). Cymro Gwyllt: Richard Jones (1772–1833). Cybi o Eifion: Ebenezer Thomas (1802–1863). Welsh poet.S. and reviewers often took him to be an American writer. Eng. The theologian and scholar for whom the Cyrillic alphabet is named took his religious name on becoming a monk in early 869. Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac: Savinien de Cyrano (1619–1655). U. Welsh poet. U. Even my parents call me it. Tomasz Czaszka: Tadeusz Rittner (1873–1921). [St. Da Brat: Shawntae Harris (1974–). postcard publisher. twice Archdruid of Wales. working in Italy. playwright. writer of “Gothic” fiction. became familiar from George Borrow’s 1862 book so titled. radio DJ. taking it from land owned by his family in the Chevreuse valley southeast of Paris. musical.

Darley Dale: Francesca Maria Steele (1848– 1931). bardic teacher. Sc.” The musician’s new name was suggested to him by T. movie actor. U. playwright. Asadata Dafora: John Warner Dafora Horton (1890–1965). U. Dick Dale: Richard Anthony Monsour (1937–). The musician came to be known Dacre • Dale by the name of his farm. The poet’s name means “David January. of Du. Eng.129 contributed poems to the Morning Post newspaper under the name Rose Matilda. Dagmar: Virginia Ruth Egnor (1921–2001). TV comedienne.S. theater critic. In the mid–1980s he became known as Heart-Master Da Love Ananda. Daf ydd Ddu Eryri: David Thomas (1759– 1822). The poet’s name means “Black David of Snowdonia. Welsh harpist. the historic district where the well-known mountain region is located. the composer had democratic sympathies. Dagonet: (1) J. opened around 1782. Jehanne d’Alcy: Charlotte-Stéphanie Faes (1865–1956). and Cohen specifically took his name from the character Alan-a-Dale in Reginald De Koven’s popular operetta Robin Hood (1890). Dafydd Ddu Feddyg: David Samwell (1751– 1798). Dafydd y Garreg Wen: David Owen (c. Texas Tiny. p.S.45].Z. The name means “Black David of Beddyg. Ir. radio. U.” which he hated. Colne Dacre: Mary Stuart Boyd. movie actress. The street musician derived his nickname from his tall top hat. Although officially favored by the monarchy. Richard Dahen: Clotilde Inez Mary Graves (1864–1932). keeping her own name for historical and biographical works of a religious nature. Dafydd Morganwg: David Watkin Jones (1832– 1905). The attractively alliterative name is actually that of a picturesque valley in Derbyshire. stage. “surf guitarist. Ir.S.” the latter being his native county.” the latter being the location of his famous school. Dwyer was given his nickname for the flashy rings that he wore. popular singer. Welsh teacher. Fr. Edwin Dale: Edward Reginald Home-Gall . Dagonet was King Arthur’s fool in Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (1470). Jones founded the Dawn Horse Communion in 1972. popular composer. and accordingly changed the spelling of his name during the French Revolution in order to remove the aristocratic d’ prefix. (2) Aldo Sigismondi (1925–2002). Fr. writer. novelist. from its first issue in 1877.1711– 1741). teaming with Joe Smith. dancer. writer. songwriter. Dafydd Ionawr: David Richards (1751–1827). Steele used this name for her adult and children’s fiction.-born N. Sierra Leonean singer. Belg. verse dramatist. dramatist. The actress also went by the name Fanny Manieux.A.” In 1783 he began to establish literary societies in Arfon. Both names evoke the Allana-Dale who was a companion of the legendary English outlaw Robin Hood. TV actor. U. popular musician. parentage.S. writer.” Johan Daisne: Herman Thiery (1912–1978). sumo wrestler. movie actress. Dafis Castellhywel: David Davis (1745–1827). working in U. movie actor. vaudeville. née Liletts (1897–1980). née Kirkwood (?–1937). The writer’s name means “David of Glamorgan. Julian D’Albie: D’Albiac Luard (1892–1978). and Jones changed his name first to Bubba (“Brother”) Free John. U. dramatist. its own name meaning “the white stone. Alan Dale: (1) Alfred J.S. choreographer. Nicolas Dalayrac: Nicolas d’Alayrac (1753– 1809).S. writer. Dafora came to New York in 1929. Jap.-born Eng. Charles Dale: Charles Marks (1881–1971). Lil Dagover: Marie Antonia Sieglinde Marta Daghofer. The name means “Davis of Castellhywel.. writing in French. traveling with other African dancers. poet. Harry Dacre: Henry Decker (1860–1922). a Texas DJ. But I guess I’m used to it now.” referring to the month of his birth. then in 1979 to Da (“Giver”) Free John. because I don’t like the idea of having a stage name. Cohen (1861–1928). Jamaican reggae musician. stage. Dafoe modified his first name to avoid being called “Billy. “The name Willem made me feel funny for a while . Welsh surgeon. composer. fiction writer.” from a local placename.S. Hardwick (1815–1866). The wrestler’s fighting name means “splendid mountain. Welsh poet. Da Free John: Franklyn Albert Jones (1939–). rock musician.S. Swe. Daddy Rings: Everald Dwyer (1972–). Daijuyama: Sakatsume Tadaaki (1959–). U. Eng. journalist. Willem Dafoe: William Dafoe (1955–). U.-born U. Eng. Following study in India with Swami Rudrananda. Welsh historian. of It. religious leader. Eng. poet.S.” Stig Dagerman: Stig Halvard Jansson (1923– 1954). TV host.. Ger. Br. Daddy Stovepipe: Johnny Watson (1867–1963). or Avadhoota Da Love Ananda Hridayam. Sims used the name for his “Mustard and Cress” column in the Referee. Welsh poet. I’ve been Willem longer than I’ve been Billy” [Cameron-Wilson. In 1975 it became the Free Daist Community. (2) George Robert Sims (1847–1922). J. Each change of name brought a new style of teaching. parentage.

Vladimir Dalsky: Vladimir Mikhaylovich Nesterenko (1912–). U. Henri d’Alleber: Pierre Henri Victor Berdalle de Lapommeraye (1839–1891). In 1863 he was sent to Hawaii. U. Gasparino Damata: Gasparino da Mata e Silva (1918–c. actor. Father Damien: Joseph de Veuster (1840–1889). Toti dal Monte: Antonietta Meneghelli (1893– 1975). Samson’s mistress. The author adopted the name of her maternal grandmother. East adopted this name as screenwriter of the porno movie Emmanuelle in Soho (1981). Eng. The prelate’s religious name relates to the 7th-century monk and theologian John Damascene ( John of Damascus). Dame Shirley: Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe (1819–1906). The author assumed this persona for the writer of letters home to New England by a woman who had gone west to California for the gold rush. Fr. Rann Daly: Edward Vance Palmer (1885–1959). regent of Greece. Fr. Damia: Louise Marie Damien (1889–1978). actor. The singer devised his stage name by combining the names of two small towns in his native Texas. TV director. “Over the course of a weekend. comedian. Lili Damita: Liliane Marie Madeleine Carré (1901–1994). Johny Dallas: Peter Ross (1929–). parentage. originally titled Funeral in Soho. Fr. Damian: Damian Davey (1964–). none of which bears any relationship to his real name. screenwriter. movie actor. Gk. Cass Daley: Catherine Dailey (1915–1975). Brazilian writer. Damaskinos: Dimitrios Papandreou (1891– 1949). U. movie actor. movie actress. popular singer. N. He was beatified in 1994 and canonized as a saint in 2009. of noble Venetian birth. The singer’s stage name presumably derives from that of the biblical Delilah. stage. poet. Belg. lecturer.S. Eng. doubtfully attributed to Chaucer. née White (1836– 1915). humorist. missionary. Charles Dalmorès: Henry Alphonse Brin (1871– 1939). East’s grandfather was the stage and movie actor John Marlborough East (1860–1924). East rewrote and retitled the script.1980). Lucio d’Ambra: Renato Eduardo Manganella (1880–1939). They were published in collected form as The Shirley Letters (1922). children’s writer. are Steve Benson. opera singer. Fr. comedian. essayist. David Hills. 2005]. East (1932–2003). Priscilla Dalton see Ed Noon Brian Daly: John M.S. and Kevin Mancuso. Br. Marcel Dalio: Israel Mosche Blauschild (1900– 1983). Ksaver Sandor Dalski: Ljubo Babic (1854– 1935). whose output centered on horror and porno movies.S. Sc. Russ. Austral. artist. singer.S. Croatian writer. Mamont Dalsky: Mamont Viktorovich Neyelov (1865–1918). Eng. De Veuster took the name Damien when he became a member of the Fathers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary in 1859. novelist. Br. movie comedienne.S. gay activist. “Toti” is a pet form of the soprano’s first name. writer. jazz musician. movie actor. “Dal Monte” is the surname of her maternal grandmother.S. Other pseudonyms used by the director. dead since 1923” [Matthew Sweet. Joe D’Amato: Aristide Massaccesi (1936–1999). translator. It. The actress claims she (1899–after 1980). critic.S. himself dying of the disease. Eng. Dalida: Yolande Christina Gigliotti (1933– 1987).S. country singer. ballet dancer. his grandfather’s regular scenarist and greatest friend. Russ. rock singer. working in U. Shepperton Babylon. Jacques d’Amboise: Jacques Joseph Ahearn (1934–). archbishop. son of Reginald Wray. choreographer. who appears as Dalida in Wyclif ’s Bible (1380s) and in the early 15th-century The Court of Love. M. movie actor. Egyptian-born movie actress. Flora Dale see Rosa Henderson Frances Dale see Fanny Cradock Jim Dale: James Smith (1935–). Tadd Dameron: Tadley Ewing Peake (1917– 1965). U. Paul Dallas see Eric Allen Ruth Dallas: Ruth Mumford (1919–). Br. singer. writer. John Dall: John Jenner Thompson (1918–1971). comedy writer. It. Lacy J.Z. Dalin: Linda Villari. It. The actor took his screen name from Count Danilo Danilowitsch in Franz Lehár’s opera The Merry Widow (1905). U. novelist. coun- . U.S. The scholar formed his new surname by inverting the elements of his fourth name. Margaret Dale: Margaret Bolam (1922–). Vernon Dalhart: Marion Try Slaughter (1883– 1948). choreographer. where he was ordained priest and where from 1873 he worked in a leprosy settlement. assuming the pseudonym of Brian Daly. working in France. Michael Wotruba. ballet dancer. of It. Dalton: Jill Byrem (1948–). working in U. writer of stories for boys. movie comedian. Mark Daly: Mark Hobson (1887–1957). movie director. entertainer. Fr. opera singer. An anagram of the writer’s first name. U. The musician originally used the singing name Jill Croston.Dale • Damita 130 try.

U. composer. black soul singer. Ger. Daniel: Eduarda Mansilla de Garcia (1835– 1892). novelist. Fyodor Dan: Fyodor Ilyich Gurvich (1871– 1947).B.-born Br. DJ. movie actor. Dan. Humphrey St. TV actor.” Mlle. Joseph Strange. William Danforth: William Daniels (1869– 1941). Mary Axe. Eng. director.S. Frankau used this name for her antisemitic novel Dr. p. movie actress.P.S. Frank Danby: Julia Frankau. Stuart Damon: Stuart Michael Zonis (1937–). a popular Brtish TV cartoon series of the 1980s. The actor first made his name in Australia. Eng. Phillips. In reply to a private inquiry she told how she came by the name: “Just chance! I was talking over with a friend the type of name that I thought effective for a pseudonym — and instanced ‘Bow Bells. Clement Danes. itself probably so named as it was built on an ancient Danish burial site. Russ. journalist.S.131 first changed her name after king Alfonso XIII of Spain (who became her lover) saw her on the beach at Biarritz and enquired after the damita (young lady) in the red bathing dress [The Times. Originally performing in mouse costume to disguise his shyness. née Davis (1859– 1916). rock musician. Israeli-born transexual pop singer. Jamaican-born Br.-born Eng. where the English buccaneer William Dampier (1652–1715) gave his name to the Dampier Archipelago and Dampier Strait. arrived my own ‘umbrella’” [Marble. playwright. U. Ir. Crawfurd had several pseudonyms for his different types of writing. Irish dana meaning “naughty.S. grandmother of Eliot Naylor. comedy writer. Danel. others being Archibald Banks. comedian.6]. Michael Dan: Michael Dorane (1948–).S. U. movie actor. Menshevik leader. Alex Freke Turner. See also Nunquam. movie actor. actress. U. Sheridan’s play The Critic. Pol. Fr. née Brown (1951–). in which the named character is “the greatest secret agent in the world. itself not about the Northern Ireland singer Dana. D’Angelo: Michael D’Angelo Archer (1974–). movie comedian. U. The actor was originally a standup comic under the name Jack Roy. taking it from his birthplace. actor.” Freeman Dana see Alice Tilton Richard Dana see Mark Carrel Rose Dana see Marilyn Ross Viola Dana: Violet Flugrath (1897–1987). sister of Owen Hall. During the Nazi occupation of Poland. Dana: Rosemary Scallon. “young lady in red. stage.” and then for a while Lily Deslys (“lily of the lilies”) before settling for Lili Damita in 1923. She was thus originally Damita del Rojo. Rodney Dangerfield: Jacob Cohen (1921– 2004). entertainer. Danger Mouse: Brian Burton (1977–). in a flash. Karl Dane: Karl Daen (1886–1934). U. and was where she lived for most of her life. Clement Dane’ (city churches and names that I knew) and so. The writer took her Damita Jo • Daniel name from the London church of St.born Israeli Carmelite monk. Argentinian music critic.” whether from modesty or from “fear of the possible fierceness of critics” [Marble. Ashton went on stage in 1913 as Diana Portis. Brother Daniel: Oswald Rufeisin (1922–). George Windle Sandys. and John Latouche. reggae musician. Mark Damon: Alan Mark Harris (1933–). Dangeville: Marie-Anne Botot (1714– 1796). playwright. Dangle is a character in R.S.’ ‘St.S. as popularly supposed. A Maida Vale Idyll (1887). U. Jerry Dammers: Gerald Dankin (1954–). writer. Frank Danby see J. Eng. Fr. singer. R&B singer. sieur d’Ancourt (1661–1725). Kayne. p. Claude Dampier: Claude Connelly Cowan (1879–1955). jazz. author. Mark Dane see Ed Noon Pascal Danel: Jean-Jacques Pascal (1944–). The singer originally adopted his name as a circus performer. playwright. of Jewish parentage. popular novelist. singer. but a character of that name in the books Israeli children use when learning to read. She underwent a sexchange operation in 1993 and made her name under the title of her first song. April 4. art critic. the musician adopted his name from Dangermouse.” “mischievous. The singer adopted her school nickname. Dangle: Alexander Mattock Thompson (1861– 1948). movie actor. It stood (and stands) in a part of London that she knew well. Using this last in Country House Essays (1885) he apologized for the “impertinence of an author in using a feigned name. U.S. Damita Jo: Damita Jo DuBlanc (1930–1998). Eng. McCall Dancourt: Florent Carton. 1993].S. soldier. Br. actor. producer. Dana International: Yaron Cohen (1972–). Fr. U. The winner of the 1998 Eurovision Song Contest began her career as a drag artist named Sharon. Hal Dane: Haldane M’Fall (1860–1928). Vic Damone: Vito Rocco Farinola (1928–). stage.7]. Clemence Dane: Winifred Ashton (1888– 1965).’ ‘St. Northern Ireland pop singer. singer. John Dangerfield: Oswald John Frederick Crawfurd (1834–1909). Rufeisin was hidden in a Carmelite .

Lorenzo da Ponte: Emanuele Conegliano (1749–1838).S. The teller of tall tales took his name from the farm where he lived. U.S. Austr. The writer used the name as editor from 1726 of the Craftsman. Welsh storyteller. Eng. Br. In 1805. after the archangel Gabriel. Eng.Daniel • D’Arby 132 who announces to the Virgin Mary that she will give birth to Jesus (Luke 1:26–31). when living in London. working in U. of Gk. novelist. Daniele da Volterra: Daniele Ricciarelli (1509– 1566). It.born Israeli composer. jazz singer. with “Trent” as his middle name. black soul singer. and legally added that name to his own. The actress was originally a dancer and singer under the name Derby Zerby. perruquier. movie actress. It. He continued to regard himself as a Jew. U. A name that alludes to the performer’s nationality (and also surname) while evoking the famous Italian poet. Daniel y Pant: Daniel Thomas (1851–1910). she appeared on radio and TV. movie actor. movie.-born movie actress.S. as well as the names Hermannus Lœmelius. Monsignor Lorenzo da Ponte. Ger.-Sp. but convent. novelist. Dappy: Costas Dinos Contostavlos (1987–). hairdresser. Maxine Daniels: Gladys Lynch (1930–). actor Ben Lyon (1901–1979). U. TV actress. rapper. TV actress. dramatist. heavyweight boxer.” referring to the angel . Gaetano was nicknamed “Gabriele” by his family for his saintly looks.” as she put it. Br.” Danilo: Danilo Dixon (1956–). he was threatened with imprisonment for debt and immigrated to the United States to escape his creditors. and in 1958 was sent to the Carmelite monastery on Mount Carmel in Haifa. undistinguished movies. writing in French. Austr. TV actor.” from birth. U. d’Arblay: Frances (“Fanny”) Burney (1752–1840). movie actress. painter. Suzanne Danielle: Suzanne Morris (1957–). He was baptized.S. Niki Dantine. was adopted at the age of 13 by his uncle. TV actress. poet. working in U. Russ.S. poet. Jane Danson: Jane Dawson (1978–).S. Helmut Dantine: Helmut Guttman (1917– 1982). Michael Dante: Ralph Vitti (1935–). adventurer.S. He liked the name and adopted it. Ron Dante: Carmine Granito (1945–). conjuror Howard Thurston. Israel.. popular singer. Gabriele D’Annunzio: Gaetano Rapagnetta (1863–1938). black jazz musician. political writer. Daniel Daniel: Daniel Markowitz (1890–1981).S. whose original name was Nicola Schenck.S. working in Germany. Terence Trent D’Arby: Terence Trent Darby (1962–). Francesco Rapagnetta.S. Kim Darby: Deborah Zerby (1947–). The writer adopted his duplicate name in 1913 at a time of strong antisemitic sentiment. church historian. poet. Eng.S. ancestry. U. diarist.S. Bebe Daniels: Phyllis Daniels (1901–1971). Tony Danza: Anthony Iandanza (1951–). U. The writer’s father. Daniel à Jesu: John Floyd (1572–1649).S.-born U. Mme.S. became a Carmelite monk under the name Brother Daniel. U. as later did Gaetano himself. The librettist of three of Mozart’s best-known operas was born a Jew. notably in the popular World War II radio show Hi Gang! She was called Bebe. a French refugee in England. Eng. librettist. Mariya Danilova: Mariya Ivanovna Perfilyeva (1793–1810). General Alexandre d’Arblay. U.” as if meaning “Gabriel of the Annunciation. The actress used this name for what she defined as “sexy.-Fr. however. Eng. Frederic Dannay see Ellery Queen Sybil Danning : Sybelle Danninger (1950–). Jansen assumed the name in 1923 on the suggestion of U. Henry Daniel-Rops: Jean-Charles-Henri Petiot (1901–1965). Jones adopted his Yoruba name in 1969. of his actress wife. of Sc. songwriter. As a child.” She reverted to her real name in the 1970s with “a new middleaged persona. Floyd used his religious name for some of his writings. On converting in 1763 from Judaism to Catholicism he took the name of the bishop who baptized him. and Annosus Fidelis Verimentanus. Br. Dan. Jesuit. and became an Israeli citizen. whom she married in 1793. The writer’s adopted name was that of her husband. movie actor.K. U. its own name meaning “the valley. origin. Olu Dara: Charles Jones III (1941–). where with her husband. Spanish for “baby. It. Daniels later moved to the U. Lisa Daniely: Elizabeth Bodington (1930–). Dante: August Harry Jansen (1883–1955). as was then the custom. Antonio d’Annunzio. Ray Danton see Don Juan Cardoza Caleb D’Anvers: Nicholas Amhurst (1697– 1742). The actor adopted the stage name. Fr. ballet dancer. conjuror. George White. presumably appreciating the apposite combination “Gabriele d’Annunzio. critic. U. author. writer. singer. Louis Dantin: Eugène Seers (1865–1945). The singer retained his full name. sportswriter. an influential political journal. Can. Ram Da-Oz: Avraham Daus (1929–).

Jean-Pierre Dardenne: Carl Higgans (1951–).B. dancer. Br. sister of Phyllis Dare. polemicist. Belg. publishing another book. movie director. “Darnell” presumably from “Donald. The soprano’s new surname is a French-style derivative of her original name. movie director. I belong on the screen. the ancient king of Persia. Br. William Darling: Wilhelm Sandorhazi (1882– 1963). Alex D’Arcy: Alexander Sarruf (1908–1996). Eng.S. Darkman: Brian Mitchell (c. manager of Connie Francis. 106]. The sisters first performed together under their new name in 1899. Hung. stage actress. Heart & Soul”). Zena Dare: Florence Hariette Zena Dones (1887–1975). The singer is also familiar as Kid Creole. writer. Simon Dare: Marjorie Huxtable (1897–?). Fr. under the pseudonym A.S. Mireille Darc: Mireille Aigroz (1938–). A simple anagram. Clark Darlton: Walter Ernsting (1920–2005).. his brother. ‘Candy is my new name. George Darrell: George Frederick Price (1841– 1921). U. Br. SF writer.-Can. Rom. He is said to have found his new name in a phone book.’ she explains in a whispery. Olivia Darling: Chris Manby (1976–).S. p. working in U. Alexandre Darlaine: Alexander D’Arbeloff (1898–1996). He began his career as a translator of American SF stories. soft voice. romantic novelist. of Dominican/Fr. Br. author of romantic novels.1970–). Roy D’Arcy: Roy Francis de Giusti (1894– 1969). movie actress. I inspired her to write it’” [Ultra Violet.S. movie art director. Nicaraguan poet. The brothers’ adopted name seems to suggest d’Ardennes. Bobby Darin: Walden Robert Cassotto (1936– 1973). I’m in Jackie [Curtis]’s play Glamour.S. “of the Ardennes.” reflecting the name’s typical American pronunciation. Luc Dardenne: Eric Higgans (1954–). Russ. August Darnell: Thomas August Darnell Browder (1951–). The singer was advised to change his name by George Scheck.” for the mountainous area in southeastern Belgium. Famous for 15 Minutes: My Years with Andy Warhol. Ger. Hariclea Darclée: Hariclea Haricly Hartulari (1860–1939). sister of Zena Dare. Phyllis Dare: Phyllis Dones (1890–1975). Rubén Darío: Félix Rubén García Sarmiento (1867–1916). On presenting his work to his first publisher.S. Belg.133 added an apostrophe to his surname as an affectation. novelist. movie actress. working with Luc Dardenne. writer. then decided to try his own hand at the genre. 1988]. The writer used this name for two novels. Denise Darcel: Denise Billecard (1925–). The actress extracted her new surname from her original one. husband of Sandra Dee (married 1960. playwright. rock singer. Dardanelle: Dardanelle Breckenridge (1917– 1997). U. Eng. vol..-born U. movie actress.S. Candy Darling: James Hope Slattery (1949– 1974).S. whom Cassotto was dating at the time. The writer also published as Marjorie Stewart. parentage.-born (Georgian) U. Glory and Gold. not that he was its actual author. a name referring to his mixed parentage. The poet’s adopted surname is the Spanish form of “Darius. essayist. his brother. who mostly uses her real name. musical-comedy actress. Ernsting adopted an English name on the grounds that no one would want to read science fiction written by a German. although “reports of how ‘Darin’ was selected vary widely” [Brenda Scott Royce in Garraty and Carnes. ‘I was born Jimmy Slattery. Herbert Darnley: Herbert McCarthy (1872– 1947). Egyptian movie actor. pop singer. His ruse was successful. transvestite movie actor. Torelli wrote various papers under this name. actor. Christopher. Maisie Darrell: Maisie Hardie (1901–?). and his story UFO in the Night Sky appeared in German bookstores in 1955. U. movie actress. working with Jean-Pierre Dardenne. where he had tried his luck as a golddigger. movie actor. It. The writer. Georges Darien: Georges Adrien (1862–1921). J. A “sweet and sugary” name to match the performer’s tacky persona. Long Island.” alluding to the repression experienced by Tatars under czarism. The poet’s adopted name means “woeful one. Larry Darnell: Leo Edward Donald (1929– 1983). Fr.S. black reggae musician. Ciro D’Arco: Giuseppe Torelli (1816–1866). popular singer (“Mr. U. U. 6. Dardmend: Zakir Ramiyev (1859–1921).” Darc • Darrell Possibly he chose the name for Darius the Great. I’m from Massapequa. opera singer.-born Austral. Linda Darnell: Monetta Eloyse Darnell (1921– 1965). politician. U. “At the bar I meet Candy Darling. Fr. Br. U.S. Russ. movie actor. Eng. songwriter. has also written erotic novels as Stephanie Ash. jazz musician. he accordingly told him that he had translated it. The actor changed his name in 1868 on returning to Melbourne from New Zealand. . divorced 1967). (Tatar) poet. entrepreneur. The Word Accomplished (1951). I was born to be a star. who is working as a barmaid . like a low-volume Kim Novak.

Although resembling his real name. novelist. movie actor. he assumed the name for a school textbook. of Serbian parentage. The name represents French d’assaut. choreographer. stage. stage. U. Lawrence derived from Davidson Road School. Russell also wrote as Sydney Mostyn. stage. Fr. actor. conjuror. Georgian catholicos. Pol. movie actor.S. Marcel Dassault: Marcel Bloch (1892–1986). movie actress. Sophie Daumier: Elisabeth Hugon (1936– 2003). dancer. The actress’s new surname was devised from the first names of movie mogul Darryl F. movie actor. James Darren: James William Ercolani (1936–). ballet dancer.S. Davidson: David Herbert Lawrence (1885–1930). It. Her new first name is simply a modification of the original.S.-Fr. Joanna David: Joanne Elizabeth Hacking (1947–). Fr. Jean Dauberval (or d’Auberval): Jean Bercher (1742–1806). that had long been associated with Georgia and Armenia. Ethel (1889–1940). choreographer. Nuna Davey: Margaret Symonds (1902–1977). Rhyl is a town on the north coast of Wales. director. Helga Dart see H.–born Br. née Gabrielle-Anna Cisterne de Courtiras (1804–1872). stage actress. Bella Darvi: Bayla Wegier (1927–1971). novelist. where the future novelist taught for a brief period.S. The head of the Georgian Orthodox Church bore a name. Dauvilliers: Nicolas Dorné (c. movie actor. Lithuanian-born U. but he hebraized this by deed poll in 1936. Zanuck and his wife Virginia. used by four predecessors. John Darrow: Harry Simpson (1907–1980). who “discovered” her in Paris in 1951 and made her their protégée.Darrell • Davies 134 Jocelyn Davey: Chaim Raphael (1908–1994). the latter being a village just along the coast from Rhyl. The founder in 1968 of the Children of God (later reconstituted as The Family) was known to his followers as simply “Mo. Claude Dauphin: Claude Franc-Nohain (1903– 1978). crime novelist. U. movie actress. working in U. U.S. cult leader. Victor d’Auverney: Victor-Marie Hugo (1802– 1885).” Hugh David: David Williams Hughes (1925– 1987). short-story writer. U. The actress adopted her stage name from her mother’s first name (Davida). Fr. movie actress.” Thayer David: David Thayer Hersey (1926– 1978). movie. The actress’s three older sisters Reine (originally Irene) (1886– 1938). Frankie Darro: Frank Johnson (1917–1976). The noted aircraft designer officially change his name to Bloch-Dassault in 1946 and to just Dassault in 1949. It. TV actress.1646–1690). Mildred Davenport see Acquanetta Davertige: Denis Vilar (1940–). Fr. Lycette Darsonval: Alice Perron (1912–1996). The actress was billed under this name for her early movies in the late 1980s. choreographer.S. novelist. industrialist. as in char d’assaut. Br. descent. ballet dancer. movie actress. U. this early pen name used by D. Haitian writer. Fr. . ballet dancer. Eng.born U. Hebrew scholar. Jane Darwell: Patti Woodward (1879–1967). Israel Davidson: Alter Movshovitz (1870– 1939). Fr. David d’Angers: Pierre-Jean David (1788– 1856).D.S. Can. of Ir. pop singer. Lawrence H. Eliza Rhyl Davies: William Clark Russell (1844–1911). movie actor. Lewis Davenport: George Ryan (1883–1916). Fr.H.S. Howard Da Silva: Harold Silverblatt (1909– 1986). Comtesse Dash: Vicomtesse de Pouilloüe de Saint-Mars. “tank” (literally “assault car”). General Paul Bloch (1882– 1969). U. Siobhan Davies: Susan Davies (1950–). It is traditionally understood to mean “beloved. Eng.S. Welsh TV director.S. Marion Davies: Marion Cecilia Douras (1897– 1961). movie actress. Eng. U. Croydon. A neat conversion of a German Jewish name into a Portuguese-style one. teacher. movie actor. writer. sculptor. and Rose (1895–1963) had already changed their name from Douras to Davies on beginning their stage careers. Movements in European History (1921). Eng. choreographer. Guido da Verona: Guido Verona (1881–1939). Eng. who subsequently adopted it as a surname. Br. U. and Davies a typical Welsh surname. Peter Darrell: Peter Skinner (1929–1987). David V: Khariton Dzhiboyevich Devdariani (1903–1977). U. Dassault was the Resistance cover name of his brother. Fr. Mordecai David see Josh Billings Moses David: David Brandt Berg (1919–1994). nautical novelist.S. Appropriately. Woodward claimed to have taken her acting name from “a character in fiction.” But who was Jane Darwell? Silvio d’Arzo: Ezio Comparoni (1920–1952). Fr. society leader. Lolita David: Lolita Davidovich (1961–). writer.S. The writer’s original surname was Rabinovitch.

S. The entertainer explains his name: “My father needed a name for his [auto dealing] business so he took DAV from my brother David’s name and RO from Robert. Geoffrey Dawson: George Geoffrey Robinson (1874–1944). singer.S. February 26. Eng. Florence Dawson: Frances Julia Wedgwood (1833–1913). Bette Davis was known as Betty (a regular pet form of “Elizabeth”) as a child.” a pet form of “Anne. trumpeter. in which she was herself critically injured. I did it because I didn’t get on with my father all that well and so didn’t feel the desire some people do to carry on the family name. just before Davis’s death in an auto accident. journalist. Noel Davis: Edgar Davis (1927–2002). popular singer. Twice editor of The Times. p. William Davis: Adolf Günther Kies (1933–). TV actor. singer. movie actress. Billie Davis: Carol Hedges (1945–). president Ronald Reagan. children’s radio storyteller. movie actress. U. Betty Jack Davis (1932–1953). Chicago. U. Margaret Jane Dawson. January 8.S. It is uncertain when Thompson adopted his new name. Day was asked in an interview whether he changed his name for “showbiz” reasons. I changed it by deed poll.S. Eng. singer. (white) soul singer. Dolly Dawn: Theresa Maria Stabile (1916– 2002).S. Her grandfather nicknamed her “Skeeter” because she was “just like a little ol’ water bug. Ger.” she said [The Times. movie. U. Dennis Day: Eugene Denis McNulty (1917– 1988). Eng. parentage. U. Margery Dawe see Jill Consey Peter Dawlish: James Lennox Kerr (1899– 1963). Dawson changed his name by royal license in 1917 following an inheritance from his mother’s eldest sister.” Tyrone Davis: Tyrone Branch (1938–2005). Elizabeth Dawn: Sylvia Butterfield (1939–). radio. where he regularly performed. Mary Penick took her singing name from that of her schoolfriend. U. movie actor. U. James “Thunderbird” Davis: James Houston (1938–1992). “I suppose.S movie actress. broadcaster. Eng.S. It was a name she came to hate. writer of boating stories for boys. Eng. popular singer. singer.S. writer. U. actor. TV actress. TV casting director. Doris Day: Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff (1924–). Sr. Don Davis see Brett Halliday Foxcroft Davis see Vera Sapoukhyn Gail Davis: Betty Jeanne Grayson (1925–1997). There’s a drawback to having chosen Day. country singer. skeeting here and there.S. songwriter. blues guitarist. Peter Davison: Peter Moffet (1951–). U.-born Eng. The lady herself took on a new role as Nancy Reagan. In her high school years she changed the spelling of this after the central character of Honoré de Balzac’s novel La Cousine Bette (1846).S. TV comedian. Davis was the name of her stepfather. black soul singer.” Peter Dawson see Max Brand Pol Dax see Arthur Pougin Bobby Day: Robert James Byrd.’ but that proved just too complicated and. stage.S. Denny used his real name as a movie costume designer after beginning his career as an actor under his screen name. An Old Debt (1858). For a while. Davis began his career as an actor on the London stage. Eng. Sc. Bandleader George Hall then changed this to Dolly Dawn. Eng. 2000].S. costume designer. . Nancy Davis: Anne Frances Robbins (1921–). wife of U. movie actress. Now I feel it’s just who I am. Simon Davis: Keith Denny (1937–2002). Doris becomes the obvious nickname!” [The Times Magazine. David Davis: William Eric Davis (1908–1996). I liked the name so much I took it as a stage name” [Sachs and Morgan II. impressionist. a Chicago surgeon. U. Lynch Davis see Honorio Bustos Domecq Danny Davis: George Nowlan (1925–). (1930– 1990). U. A quip circulating at the newspaper ran: “It’s strange that a deed-poll under the law / Can change a robin into a daw. “It made me sound like a stripper.S.135 Gordon Daviot see Josephine Tey Bette Davis: Ruth Elizabeth Davis (1908–1989). “doo-wop” singer. Darren Day: Darren Graham (1969–). newspaper editor. my cheque book said ‘Darren Graham trading as Darren Day. Dawlish is a Devonshire coastal resort near the mouth of the Exe River. my first name. after actor and dramatist Noël Coward (1899–1973). Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis: Charles Thompson (1925–1995). The first part of the name comes from Maxwell Street. U. The singer began her career in her early teens under the name Billie Starr.” was the actress’s nickname from infancy.54]. TV entertainer. The niece of Charles Darwin used this name for her second novel. in all honesty. of course. Br. movie actor. The two married in 1952 when they were both Hollywood actors. and it was then that he adopted his new first name. “Nancy. Br. U. Skeeter Davis: Mary Frances Penick (1931–2004). Eng. black blues musician. Daviot • Day Bobby Davro: Robert Christopher Nankeville (1958–). with whom she formed the Davis Sisters group in 1953. editor. 2003]. of Ger. eventually. B. writer.

meaning “bliss of compassion. the one she sang so much. ‘It sounded really cheap. Honoré de Balzac under Balzac. ballroom dancer. Eng. movie actor. choreographer. Charles Deane: Edward Saunders (1866–1910). Man Mountain Dean: Frank Simmons Leavitt (1891–1953). Eng. poet. Dayananda took his new name. of the group Twisted Sister. She didn’t like it. etc. writer. U. Betty Grable. country singer. Eugénio de Andrade: José Fontainhas (1923– 2005).S. U. After joining the Benedictine order under the name Bede Griffiths. Eng.” that sort of thing. née Ullmann (1852–1934). of Ger. Nicolas de Chamfort under Chamfort. It had to go. Frances Day: Frances Victoria Schenk (1908– 1984).. It would certainly fit logically with a girl born Doris Kappelhoff. novelist. pianist. cleric. “black metal” singer.S. popular singer.. Port. Mrs. rock singer. U. For her earliest movies in the late 1930s she was billed as Lorraine Hayes. Jewish parentage. Eugenia de Acton: Alethea Lewis. Eddie Dean: Edgar Dean Glossup (1907–1999). the English priest went to India in 1955 where he became known as Dayananda. And then he thought about the first song he had heard her sing on the radio.S. is said to have suggested that Leslie Wunderman change her name into something more glamorous. Taylor Dayne: Leslie Wunderman (1963–).’ he said. “bliss”). Swami is a title meaning “master. ‘Day After Day.S. stage. Dee Snider.” Dayananda Sarasvati: Mul Shankara (1824– 1883).S. Elias Day. Jill Day: Yvonne Page (1930–1990). whom her mother admired. She later hosted a show under her real name. . the first god of the Hindu Trinity.” on being initiated as an ascetic in 1848. Eng. “compassion” + ananda.S. He would continue the work begun by the two French priests Henri le Saux and Jules Monchanin. whose assistant he was. and the one that had become something of a mascot for her at the restaurant. that might not be a bad idea. U. Josette Day: Josette Dagory (1914–1978).. as which McBride was hired by the New York City radio station WOR in 1934. respectively known as Abhishiktananda and Paramarubyananda. movie actress.’ ‘We’ll call you “Doris Day”.S. claiming that as a single 35-yearold woman it was too difficult for her.’ But he was the boss and she was only sixteen. Erica Dean see Ellen Burstyn Frances Dean: Ruth Elizabeth Grable (1916– 1973). Eng. U. songwriter. Edna Deane: Edna Morton Sewell (1905– 1995). ‘Like a burlesque singer.. U.g. The actress adopted the name of her drama teacher. U. U.” “prince. Norw.Day • Deardon 136 U. The moviemaker changed his name to avoid confusion with director and producer Basil Dean (1888–1978). He also suggested ‘Marmaduke’ – which had even less reason behind it.. Jewish parentage. The pseudonym was that of the persona. Hindu ascetic. although why can only be guessed at. U.’ she would say years later. Pamela Dean: Pamela Dyer-Bennett (1953–). “Doris Day and her Dove Dance. née Brereton (1749–1827). radio talk-show host. The singer was given her new name by Cincinnati bandleader Barney Rapp. Laraine Day: Laraine Johnson (1917–2007). In 1875 Dayananda founded the Hindu reform movement known as Arya Samaj (“Society of Nobles”). But to what? ‘How about La Ponselle. Fr. Margie Day see Margaret Lockwood Swami Dayananda: Alan Richard Griffiths (1906–1993). as she was usually known. Her first name is said to have been given as a tribute to silent movie actress Doris Kenyon (1897–1979). Isabel Dean: Isabel Hodgkinson (1918–1997). Eng. Names beginning de (less often De) not found below should be sought under the word that follows.. De . movie actress. of Ger. wrestler. And that’s how it all started” [Michael Freedland.S.S. So Doris Day she became. e. movie director. music hall singer. Eng.S. social reformer. Andrew Dean: Cecily Sidgwick. writer of fantasy fiction. 2000]. Doris Day. Norman Deane see Gordon Ashe Mickey Deans: Michael DeVinko (1935– 2003). screenwriter. Jimmy Dean: Seth Ward (1928–2010).’ he suggested. didactic novelist. appeared under this name in some juvenile roles in the early 1930s. movie actress. movie actress. She abandoned the role after a few weeks.. Martha Deane: Mary Margaret McBride (1899– 1976). movie actress. née Ullmann (1852–1934). Margie Day: Margaret Hoeffler (1926–). Andrew Dean: Cecily Sidgwick. producer. Dead: Per Yngve Ohlin (1969–1991).S. ‘Doris Kapp?’ well. R&B singer.. “bliss of compassion” (Sanskrit daya. The second word of the name honors Sarasvati. the consort of Brahma. a folksy grandmother. Ind.. Br.. movie actress. singer. U. Br. stage. Basil Dearden: Basil Dear (1911–1971). “He didn’t think the name [Kappelhoff ] sounded very good – and it looked even worse on the marquee outside the restaurant [where she sang]. novelist..

S. adopted his new name from the maiden name. Eng. Poetry. 2009]. Fr. physicist. who acts like an idiot. Panamanian-born U. Later. Fr. blues singer. He added the aristocratic prefix “de” and also styled himself “Baron. Russ. She wrote poetry and would be in school debates and had intuition beyond her years. of Cz. Mick and Tich. October 25. recently graduated from University College. writer.. A. this same group was reorganized under the cumbersome name of Dave Dee. in 1901. pop singer. Dozy. Du.-born U. Br. U.A. Breffni. Eng. variety artist. Chris de Burgh: Christopher John Davison (1948–). the son of a Jewish father and an Irish mother.-born Br. writer. Beaky was John Dymond. and notes explanatory. Eleanora de Cisneros: Eleanor Broadfoot (1878–1934). editor. pantomime actor. (Dozy was Trevor Davis. Rosanna. The musician also recorded under the name J.’ She is certainly doing that” [The Sunday Times. The writer. genealogist. slang for someone who annoys you. jazz musician.S. A French rendering (but not translation) of the actor’s original Czech name. hip-hop producer. He first used the name on stage for his group Dave Dee and the Bostons. need not detain us here. Kiki Dee: Pauline Matthews (1947–).-born U.S. Historical Fragments. The first. 2006]. might have been invented for Debelle. “Dee” represents “David. Marxist philosopher. October 8. U. “Basil” equates to Russian “Vasily. a word said to have two meanings. Ir. ballet impresario.S. Jacques Decour: Daniel Decourdemanche (1910–1942).137 Max Dearly: Lucien-Max Rolland (1874– 1943). Empress of Austria (1899). Colonel W.1942–). who chose to go by her mother’s maiden name to avoid charges of nepotism. it means ‘to explode with great force. Pol. The academic. movie actress. The scientist modified his Dutch name on leaving the Netherlands to enroll at the Aachen Technical University. pop singer. followed in his footsteps. parentage.S. pop singer.S. His daughter. Dearly • Dee Jean Debucourt: Jean Pelisse (1894–1958). actor.S. and Remains of the Amours. of his great-greatgrandmother. Yvonne de Carlo: Margaret Yvonne Middleton (1922–2007). translated from a Gallic manuscript in the Scotch College at Paris: interspersed with songs. Jeanne de Casalis: Jeanne de Casalis de Pury (1896–1966).” Speech Debelle: Corynne Elliot (1983–). Arturo de Cordova: Arturo Garcia (1908– 1973). The author used this name. though. Eng. sonnets. a near-anagram of his surname. Jean-Gaspard Deburau: Jan Kaspar Dvo†ák (1796–1846).S. Hal Debrett see Brett Halliday Santi Debriano: Alonso Santi Wilson Debriano Santorino (1955–). De Burgh: Edward Morgan Alborough (fl. in Sunday Times Magazine. occasionally published under this pseudonym. so he could be Baron O’Rorke de Breffny one day and Count O’Rourke the next. presumably punning on his surname. in this case for the tongue-in-cheek Effusions of Love from Chatelar to Mary. although remaining in the music business. those being the individual school nicknames of the classmates who formed it. U. “One night in Leeds. July 26. Coined by the American sci-fi writer Roger Zelazny. Mick was Michael Wilson. “Crowned Miss Ireland and Miss World in 2003. Dublin” [Sunday Times Magazine. psychologist. Lithuanian-born Russ. opera singer. 2009]. black rapper. Her new first name arose as a nickname. novelist. “Corynne’s friends called her Speech because of how she used to talk. Mexican movie actor. Dave Dee: David Harman (1941–2009). for Elizabeth. She was almost like a philosopher in the school playground” [Interview with Marylin Dennis. The singer took his wife’s maiden name as his stage name. scholar in Yiddish studies. Debelle’s mother. Fr. Germany. by the Translator. Abram Deborin: Abram Moiseyevich Ioffe (1881–1963). a salesman . Can. black rapper. beauty queen Rosanna Davison (1984–). Joey Dee: Joseph DeNicola (1940–). Queen of Scotland. Peter Joseph William Debye: Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debije (1884–1966).” a title that he sometimes varied.” the singer’s first name. U. Jay Dee: James Yancey (1973–2006). Fr. Eng. Anton de Borca: A. movie actor. originally Deeble. Eng. Tich was Ian Amey. rock musician. Roback (1890–1965). radio. “The second. To which is added. of that unfortunate Princess (1808). Brian de Breffny: Brian Michael Leese (1931– 1989). The codirector of the Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo was formerly a Cossack officer. whose initials stood for Abraham Aaron. de Basil: Vasily Grigoryevich Voskresensky (1888–1951). stage actress.1899).. David Dee: David Eckford (c. This was just one pseudonym used by the Shakespeare forger. The singer adopted her new surname from her Jamaican grandmother.) Dee left the group in 1969. Dilla.. Eng.-born U. movie comedienne. originally a school nickname. songwriter. Pierre de Boscobel de Chastelard: William Henry Ireland (1777–1835). Beaky. TV actor.

director. Fr.S. E. black movie actress. née Wallace (1923–). all from words denoting stupidity or dumbness. The writer claimed his pen name punned on French deux cobras. 1998]. Richard Dehan: Clotilde Inez Augusta Mary Graves (1863–1932). a story of South Africa. Ir. Some of the poems were in all probability written by Voloshin himself [Dmitriyev. Hung. Compare the different names of his fellow French comedian. in Spain Sanchez. It moreover disguised her modest. Gribouille (France).K. S. When in 1909 the poet submitted a selection of her work to the avant-garde journal Apollo. James Foe. cutsie version of her’” [Sunday Telegraph.” André Deed: André Chapuis (1884–1938). Henry de la Pasture).. talk-show presenter.M. Eng. Fr. working in U. Russ. Fr. human rights campaigner. U. Cherubina de Gabriac: Yelizaveta Ivanovna Vasilyeva.S.-Eng. novelist. movie actor. novelist. draped a microphone over the stage and sent the tape to his headquarters. Maurice Dekobra: Ernest Maurice Tessier (1885–1973). however. Prince-Rigadin. playwright. The journal’s editor. and she first performed at the age of eight as Sandra Douvan. parentage. radio.K. The actor gained a remarkable collection of nicknames in different European languages. wife of Bobby Darin (married 1960. after her stepfather.” Simon Dee: Cyril Nicholas Henty-Dodd (1935– 2009). divorced 1967).189]. was so entranced by her verse and apparently exotic personality that he quite fell for her. movie actor. footwear designer. John Dehner: John Forkum (1915–1992). Deeyah: Deepika Thathaal (1977–). U. poet. parentage. Elmyr de Hory: Palmer Hoffer (1906–1976). Barbara Deely see Barbara La Marr John Peter Deering: John Peter Gandy (1787– 1850). née Dmitriyeva (1887–1928). he flew into a rage and challenged him to a duel. . Italy. The next thing Pauline Matthews knew she was on a train with her father.. The writer’s new surname. “In 1827 he acquired by bequest from his friend Henry Deering of the Lee. Desmond Dekker: Desmond Adolphus Dacres (1941–2006). Eng. When Voloshin disclosed the writer’s true identity. and so on.S.” Buatier de Kolta: Joseph Buatier (1847–1903). novelist. Eng. taking it from his home in the village of Grand’ Combe-Châteleu. I’m Kiki Dee [(1968)]. perhaps partly prompted by the familiar misquotation from the Philips record label heard her singing. ‘The singer Sandra Dee was very big at that time – and Kiki was supposed to be a cookie. copier of master painters. Foe” to distinguish himself from his father. It is just possible that the author of Robinson Crusoe (1719) was originally Daniel Defoe. also a novelist (as Mrs. Sandra Dee: Alexandra Cymboliak Zuck (1942– 2005). the estate of that name. such as Cretinetti (Italy). U. is a sort of English equivalent of the French. magician. of Port. once his particular brand of destructive lunacy became popular. near Missenden. But records show that he was probably Daniel Foe. Eng. The popular presenter took his new first name from his son and his surname from the first letter of “Dodd. movie actor. allowing for artistic license. novelist. children’s book writer. It. In France itself he was known as Boireau (from boire. Eduardo De Filippo: Eduardo Passarelli (1900– 1984). which she assumed to avoid confusion with her mother. movie actress.S. Ruby Dee: Ruby Ann Davis. p. gradually renouncing the active practice of his profession. beginning with The Dop Doctor (1911). Fr. and. “tippler”). songwriter. ‘My name was changed by my manager. Toribio (Spain). “to drink”). in Italy Beoncelli (“little drunkard. Norw. comedian. heading for London to sign a contract to record her first album.S. The initial then became the aristocratic particle “de. he gained further names. working in U. He assumed the name of Deering. journalist. Makovsky. Buckinghamshire. D. née de la Pasture (1890–1943).K.” from beone. The surname was later abbreviated as “Dee. and that he came to be known as “Mr. When he worked for the Itala Company of Turin. of Fr. blues singer. U. army officer. Foolshead (England). Terry de Havilland: Terence Higgins (1938–). architect.” Louis de Funès: Carlos Louis de Funès de Galarza (1908–1982). unassuming appearance. Eng. September 27. thriller. Jamaican singer. Delafield: Edmée Elizabeth Monica Dashwood. Fr. Eng.’ she says . Mercy Dee: Mercy Dee Walton (1915–1962). eastern France. U..Dee • Delafield 138 Daniel Defoe: Daniel Foe (1660–1731).born Pakistani/Afghan singer. DJ. Félix de Grand’ Combe: Félix Boillot (1880– 1961). The actress was still a young child when her mother remarried. The painter’s assumed name is more or less a reworking of his original name. Nicholas Dee: Joan Aiken (1924–). movie comedian. “two cobras. Graves used this name for her historical works. Boillot adopted this name for some of his writings. Eugene Douvan. playwright. devoted himself to public life and the management of his property” [Dictionary of National Biography]. the poet Maksimilian Voloshin proposed this Italian-style pseudonym instead of the writer’s unremarkable Russian name. Glupyshkin (Russia). pianist.

Ward emigrated to Massachusetts in 1634 and settled as a minister at Agawam (now Ipswich). of Ger.K. opera composer. “thin. née Stern (1885–1979).” also suggesting a holy man and a tower. S. movie actress.e. changing his name to avoid being confused with his brother. pop musician.. sentimental verse in the latter half of the 18th century.-born Br.K. Merry was the leader of the so-called Della Cruscans.S.139 “To fresh fields and pastures new” (Milton’s “To fresh woods and pastures new”). Eng. novelist.S. The singer adopted his long-standing nickname. of It. The added particle de la falsely implied that the author was of aristocratic French descent. née Gay (1804–1855). movie actress. Delaney and Bonnie: Delaney Bramlett (1939– 2008).S. Ir. Vicomte Charles de Launay: Delphine de Girardin. parentage. poet. Mme. Frederick Delius: Fritz Theodor Albert Delius (1862–1934). U. They took their name (and so therefore did he) from . Belinda Dell see Avon Curry Claudia Dell: Claudia Del Smith (1910–1977). Fr. U.” In other words. née Isabella Agneta Elisabeth van Tuyll van Serooskerken (1740–1805). Petersburg.S. “Abbé de la Tour” is a sort of meaningful “Isabella van Tuyll. rock musician + Bonnie Lynn Bramlett.S. Jamaican reggae singer. Eng. Eng. The novelist seems to have devised a pen name that worked on more levels than one. Jean de L’Isle: Alphonse Daudet (1840–1897). autobiographer. Lew Grade. Germany. He lived in France from 1897 and died there. Eng. where the work was published in 1647.-born composer.” Délia: Maria Benedita Câmara de Bormann (1853–1895). novelist. composer. novelist. wife of journalist Émile de Girardin (1806– 1881). Yellowplush Adelina de Lara: Adelina Tilbury (1872–1961). U. Jeames de la Pluche see C.. Peggy Dell: Peggy Tisdall (c. pianist. U. as “Dee-ell. Liviu Deleanu: Lipa Samuilovich Kligman (1911–1967). The lyricist first began writing songs when working in a tax office and adopted his grandmother’s name to prevent identification by his employers. Junior Delgado: Oscar Hibbert (1958–2005). although her father. broadcaster. Denis D’Ell: Denis James Dalziel (1943–2005). de Girardin. Moldavian poet. Alan Dell: Alan Creighton Mandell (1924– 1995). Rom. parentage. Fr. Della Crusca: Robert Merry (1755–1798). pianist. from Spanish delgado.-born Swiss novelist. which he formed by translating his first name from its Hebrew original into Greek (they both mean “gift of God”) and his surname from English to French. “Seroos’ church. U. Can.” Abbé de la Tour: Isabelle de Charrière.A. Gabriel Dell: Gabriel Del Vecchio (1919–1988). rock musician. working de la Guard • Della Crusca in France. The composer published his works under the name Fritz Delius until around 1904. writer. but was reinterred in 1935 in England. published in book form in 1842 as Lettres parisiennes. TV manager. Pierre Delanoë: Pierre Charles Marcel Napoléon Leroyer (1918–2006). theatrical impresario. Brazilian novelist. Belg. composer. Her first name Mazo is a form of “Maisie. his wife. née O’Farrell (1944–). children’s writer. working in U. playwright.–born Br.1905–1979).S. His father had been naturalized as an Englishman in 1850. songwriter. a band of poets who produced affected. it translates as “abbot of the tower. Jo Delande: Christiane-Josée Vigneron-Ramakers (1914–). Russ. William Richmond Roche. short-story writer.” But “Abbé” could equally well represent “Isabelle” (or “Isabella”). movie actress. Du. painter.J. and “Tour” may have evolved from “Tuyll. As it stands. presenter.” “slim. Ukr.” Dorothy Dell: Dorothy Goff (1915–1934). Hugo Del Carril: Piero Bruno Ugo Fontana (1912–1989). dance-band authority. Eng. movie actor. Myrna Dell: Marilyn Dunlap (1924–). Mazo de la Roche: Mazo Roche (1879–1961). writer.1578–1652). [Lord] Bernard Delfont: Boris (later Barnet) Winogradsky (1909–1994). The artist adopted the name Terk from the wealthy uncle who raised her in St. He then returned to England. The author also wrote as Zélide. Eng. The singer and harmonica player respelled his surname to show its pronunciation. France. adopted the male name in the 1830s for a weekly gossip column in her husband’s paper. pianist. In 1910 she married the French painter Robert Delaunay (1885–1941). U. Winogradsky began his career as a dancer. In 1645 he wrote The Simple Cobler of Aggawam under this pseudonym. entertainer.S. Argentinian movie actor. was an Irishman. Sonia Delaunay-Terk: Sonia Delaunay. organist. working in U. Theodore de la Guard: Nathaniel Ward (c. Isidore de Lara: Isidore Cohen (1858–1935). poet. i. The musician used her pseudonym for light compositions and literary works. Puritan cleric.” Serooskerken is a Dutch placename. U. designer. director. Fr. Barbu Delavrancea: Barbu Stefanescu (1858– 1918).

working in U. Mexican movie actress. SF writer. poet. violinist. A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen. movie actress. composer. Carla Del Poggio: Maria Luisa Attanasio (1925–). Austral. such as Philip St. Francesca Dellera: Francesca Cervellera (1966–). singer. Emmett Dembry see Charles Egbert Craddock Maria de Medeiros: Maria de Almeida (1965–). novelist. writer. It. movie actress. movie actress. She explained: “I changed my name to protect my family and friends as well as my sources. Edson McCann. Lester del Rey: Ramon Felipe San Juan Mario Silvio Enrico Smith Heathcourt-Brace Sierra y Alvarez del Rey y de los Verdes (1915–1993). The actress was an orphan and took her name from director Cecil B. essayist. Port. Jaime Del Rio. a collection of romantic autobiographical poems. Fr. Nathalie Delon: Francine Canovas (1938–). Fr. Some sources give the singer’s original name as Victoria Gómez Cima. writer. Sp. stage. of Sp. for his contributions to Blackwood’s Magazine. Fr. and Kenneth Wright. adapted his patronymic (middle name) as his surname in 1702. but in reality her parents were middle-class English immigrants. in the form of a Greek capital letter (Δ). The Hand That Signed the Papers. Sc. movie actress. poet. Fr. literary critic. 1996]. a Brazilian. Danièle Delorme: Gabrielle Girard (1926–).” and so appropriate for a dancer. 1995]. Austr. editor. It was also more “international. short-story writer. mystery writer.S. Delly: Jeanne Marie Petitjean de la Rosière (1875–1949). Jean Delysse: Marguerite Sara Roesgen-Champion (1894–1976). for in 1720 Peter the Great made him a nobleman. a Tula blacksmith. opera singer. R. née Lapize (1889–1979). movie actress. De Mille. The name literally means “of the chaff. Katherine De Mille: Katherine Lester (1911– 1995). The dancer adopted her stage name in 1983 from her first husband. Philip James.) Dolores Del Rio: Lolita Dolores Martinez Asunsolo Lopez Negrette (1905–1983). Democritus Junior: Robert Burton (1577– 1640). movie actress.S. physician. Eng. standing for his first name. Victoria de los Angeles: Victoria de los Ángeles López García (1923–2005). He also wrote under several other pseudonyms. Swiss harpsichordist. The writer won Australia’s leading literary prize in 1995 for her novel.” referring to the “sifting” process to which the academy submitted the language. August 23. Michael Delving: Jay Williams (1914–1978). She claimed to be the daughter of an illiterate Ukrainian taxi driver and a poor Irish mother. Nikita Demidov: Nikita Demidovich Antufyev (1656–1725). biographies.K. Helen Demidenko: Helen Darville (1971–). The name is said to be that of a friend of SainteBeuve who had died young as a medical student. It seemed to work. and historical works. Her subsequent partner was the dancer Kevin Richmond [personal telephone call from Angela Demello. Joseph Delorme: Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804–1869). The writer used this name for his Vie. Wade Kaempfert. She found it more suitable than her maiden name. Fr. descent. and she continued to use it after his death in 1928. The first of the distinguished Demidov family. March 22. Carmen Conde used this name for children’s books. Poésie et Pensées de Joseph Delorme (1829). who adopted her when she was nine. her brother. . Merry mainly used the name for his poetic correspondence in the World with Anna Matilda. The author used this apt name the Della Crusca. dealing with the Ukrainian massacre of Jews during World War II. U. romantic novelist + Frédéric Petitjean de la Rosière (1876–1947). Mario dell’Arco: Mario Fagiolo (1905–1996). John. The name appears to have been created from the aristocratic de la particle. Florian Deller: Florian Drosendorf (1729– 1773). movie actress. ballet dancer. (The first of these is an English version of his second and third names. It. while her writings on religious subjects appeared under the name Magdalena Noguera. 1855]. ironmaster. The actress’s screen name is that of her first husband. The imposture naturally involved a new name. Florentina del Mar: Carmen Conde Abellán (1907–1996).gave it an aristocratic air.S. U. Angela Demello: Angela Joy Cox (1959–). Alice Delysia: Alice Kolb-Bernard. Russ.” The hoax set the Australian literary establishment in considerable disarray [The Times. romantic novelist. the literary academy established in Florence in 1582 with the aim of purifying the Italian language.dell’Arco • Democritus Junior 140 Delta: David MacBeth Moir (1798–1851). presumably on the grounds that its initial De. “From this signature he was wont to be called the Pyramid or the Triangle by his mirthful literary companions” [Robert Chambers. Eng. Fr. U. Erik van Lhin. Sp. The writer used this name. The writer helpfully shortened his lengthy original name to something much more manageable. composer. It. which she frequently had to spell out.

on condition that he and his father adopt Denham as a surname. Dorkin (from his middle name) and Maros Gray (with an anagram of his first name). dramatist. movie actress. Joss’s original name was Fritz Josefowitsch. (1943–1997). For her earliest movies. Br. Peter de Morny: Dorothy Estelle Esmé WynneTyson. Russ. teaming with Dustin Gee. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her screen name to avoid confusion with her elder sister Françoise Dorléac (1942–1967).-born U. The “Nicole” was subsequently dropped. Eng. Communist leader. outlaw John Dillinger (1903–1934). Oxford: “Paucis notus. economist. U. Waldron adopted his party name in 1935 on returning to the United States from the Soviet Union. Denim: Frederick Joss (c. U. the “weeping philosopher. [Sir] James Steuart Denham: James Steuart (1712– Demongeot • De Palma 1780). where he conducted several of his scientific experiments into atmospheric pressure. The writer legally adopted the (supposedly aristocratic) spelling of his name in 1858.S.S. White also wrote as E. of Ir. Belg. writer. heavyweight boxer. movie actor.born Br. Catherine Deneuve: Catherine Fabienne Dorléac (1943–). where he had fled to avoid imprisonment in 1930. Will Dennis: Stephen Townesend (?–1914). Paramount Studios is said to have changed the actor’s name as it sounded similar to that of U.141 for The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621). née Ripper (1898–1972). for The Philosophy of Art in America (1885). U. pop musician. Sc. movie actor James Dean (1931–1955). U. From 1909 to 1920 the writer was an actress under the name Esmé Wynne. Reginald Denny: Reginald Leigh Daymore (1891–1967). Jack Dempsey: William Harrison Dempsey (1895–1983). (1914–1998). who first gained recognition in the late 1950s. short-story writer. movie actress. ballet impresario. Rossy De Palma: Rosy Garcia (1965–). Fr.S.-born U. Carl De Muldor: Charles Henry Miller (1842– 1922). also an actress. Robert Dentry: Osmar Egmont Dorkin White (1909–1991). Eng. Sp. Austral. María Denis: Maria Esther Beomonte (1916– 2004). philosopher. Eng.S. Eng. Adolphe Philippe d’Ennery: Adolphe Philippe Dennery (1811–1899). librettist. The singer. Mylène Demongeot: Marie-Hélène Demongeot (1936–). physicist. movie actor. Argentinian novelist. Louis de Montalte: Blaise Pascal (1623–1662). about the “disease” of melancholy. boxer. known as the “laughing philosopher” by contrast with the melancholy Heraclitus. surgeon. Jr. writer. Karl Denver: Angus McKenzie (1931–1998). He first boxed as Kid Blackie. Pascal’s pen name contains a latinized reference to the “high mountain” of Puyde-Dôme. dance band vocalist. Denny Dennis: Ronald Dennis Pountain (1913– 1993).” The name is included in the Latin epitaph which Burton composed for himself on his monument in Christ Church Cathedral. She then left the stage to concentrate on a literary career.1909–1967). The noted lawyer obtained his new name in 1733. near Clermont-Ferrand. TV comedian. working in France. Willie Dennis: William DeBerardinis (1926– 1965).S. Argentinian-born It. Jr. U. mercenary. Ir. Eugene Dennis: Francis Xavier Waldron. Dempsey took his ring name from the boxer Nonpareil Jack Dempsey. writer.S. renamed himself after the legendary U. [Colonel] Robert Denard: Gilbert Bourgeaud (1929–2007). Fr. The writer used this name for a limited but successful stage career. movie actress. adding “Nonpareil” (meaning “unequaled”) as the sobriquet given him for his many victories in the ring. critic. John Denver: Henry John Deutschendorf. movie actress.S. rock singer. to whom Melancholy gave life and death”). Fr. (1905–1961).S. in the mid–1950s. Kelly assumed the name of his American stepfather. U. Miller used this name. unknown by even fewer. playwright. then for a while as Mylène-Nicole Demongeot. here lies Democritus Junior. Sergei Denham: Sergei Dokuchayev (1897– 1970). Patrick Dempsey.M. Lee Denver see Leo Grex Robert Denvers: Robert Nennertheim (1942–). Jr. Rebecca De Mornay: Rebecca George (1961–).S. jazz trombonist. Sc. the actress was billed as Mylène Nicole. Br. when his father inherited the estates of his uncle. country singer. Nonpareil Jack Dempsey: John Edward Kelly (1862–1895). born in New Mexico. cui vitam dedit et mortem Melancholia” (“Known by a few. Fr. stage. .S. Terry Dene: Terence Williams (1938–). The reference is to the 5th-century BC Greek philosopher Democritus. that of his father’s Dutch ancestors. hic jacet Democritus Junior. descent. Austr. The musician. songwriter.S. movie actress. U. a state whose natural beauty he greatly admired. novelist. paucioribus ignotus. Les Dennis: Leslie Heseltine (1953–). Fr. moved to Los Angeles in the mid–1960s and adopted the name of the capital of Colorado. Richard Denning: Ludwig (later Louis) Albert Heinrich Denninger. Sir Archibald Denham. writer. artist. political cartoonist. ballet dancer. Julio Denis: Julio Cortázar (1914–1984).-Norw.

movie. broadcaster. The name is (appropriately) a meaningless phrase in the refrain of a popular song. husband of Bo Derek. nonsense poet. U. Dan De Quille: William Wright (1829–1898). and Bo Shane an early screen name. U. Fr. Jane Derby: Jeanette Barr (1895–1965). Eng. Jackie De Shannon: Sharon Lee Myers (1944–). Tristan Derème: Philippe Huc (1889–1942). movie actress. artist. Father Desiderius: Peter Lenz (1832–1928). Fr. Fr. Br. p. black pop singer. Jacques Deray: Jacques Desrayaud (1929– 2003). There is a pun here on “quill” and “write.” appropriately for a pen name. and he died in poverty. where he encountered an octopus with tentacles 75 feet long and rode turtles in the water” [Drabble. After spending many years there he contributed to Wide World Magazine in 1898 sensational articles relating to his extraordinary. The Hungarian form was Széppataki. Lear used this name for his first book of nonsense poems. artist. Édouard Dermithe: Antoine Dhermitte (1925– 1995). historian of the Far West. Madame Marguerite de Ponti: Stéphane Mallarmé (1842–1898). movie actress. “[He was] an adventurer who decided at the age of 16 to see the world. crossword compiler. The actress married John Derek as his third wife. sculptor. Lenz. popular singer. painter.S. Schenbach was the German form of the singer’s original surname. touring through Europe and America. humorist. filmmaker. Among his other Australian adventures. The artist adopted his maternal grandmother’s name.S.S.S. A Book of Nonsense (1846). painter. a lover of the exotic. voyages and adventures in search of pearls and gold. Lavinia Derwent: Elizabeth Dodd (1909– 1989). Prosper Lanchantin. Jewish-born U. Ger. TV actress. Fr. The actress adopted her more exotic-sounding name at the age of 14. songwriter. U. Filippo de Pisis: Filippo Filippo Tibertelli (1896–1956). adopted the first name Maya in 1943. Br. The Derenkowsky family immigrated to the United States in 1922 and changed their name to Deren in 1928. Derry Down Derry: Edward Lear (1812–1888). director. Pol. Eleonora.De Paul • Desiderius 142 Portia de Rossi: Amanda Rogers (1973–). writer. Valmore. or whether his father was already named De Quincey. daughters of a sea captain. It. opera singer. who identified themselves as Blanche and Gladys Rogers. U. The names were those of Grin’s own daughters. U. and eventually became butler to the governor of Australia. adopted the same name. and added his stage name. the author liked to alphabetize his name under “Q.” which seems to suggest otherwise. novelist.S. Ukr. Sc. A. He began as a footman to [actress] Fanny Kemble.S. . Rick Derringer: Rick Zehringer (1947–). Eng. The symbolist poet used this name when acting as editor of the fashion magazine La Dernière Mode (1897). Derek: Peter Chamberlain (1947–). Ruiz (1904–1985).S. poet. The self-styled explorer’s imposture was exposed by the Daily Chronicle. José de Rivera: José A. The new name implies a reference to the derringer pistol. Jean De Reszke: Jan Mieczyslaw (1850–1925). pop musician. Rósza Déryné: Rósza Schenbach (1793–1872). kept as “wives” by a native chief. essayist. Hung. DePre see Ed Noon Lya De Putti: Amalia Putty (1901–1931). to claim Norman descent. opera singer. architect.J. His brother. U. The setter adopted the name of his younger son as his pseudonym. Marceline Desbordes-Valmore: Marceline Félicité Joséphine Desbordes (1786–1859).S. The tenor made his debut in Italy in 1874 as Giovanni di Reschi. to her maiden name. Desiderio da Settignano was a famous 15th-century Florentine sculptor. Austral. mostly bogus. movie director. U. general. rock musician. Yamba. “Bo” was a childhood nickname. The singer was nicknamed “Little Miss Sugar Pie” by Johnny Otis and adopted this as her performing name. and to have rescued two young white women. Fr. Louis Charles Antoine Desaix: Louis Charles Antoine Des Aix (1768–1800).880]. Maya Deren: Eleanora Derenkowsky (1917– 1961). and hence a ballad or set of verses. According to the Dictionary of National Biography. children’s writer. Swiss-born Eng. Eng. The poet married an actor. Fr. wife of Alexander Hammid. de Rougemont claimed to have married an Aboriginal wife.S. Hung. how- Lynsey De Paul: Lynsey Reuben (1948–). Bo Derek: Mary Cathleen Collins (1957–). Frances Derrick: Frances Eliza Millett Notley. poet. movie actor. fashion designer. bass opera singer Édouard De Reszke (1853–1917). Louis de Rougemont: Henri Grin (1847–1921). Thomas de Quincey: Thomas Quincey (1785– 1859). apparently after the goddess Maya.-born U. impostor. née Thomas (1820–1912). There is some uncertainty whether the writer added the aristocratic “de” himself. actress. mother of the Buddha. John Derek: Derek Harris (1926–1998). movie actor.S. Sugar Pie DeSanto: Umpeylia Marsema Balinton (1935–). U. poet.

” and this gave the initial “B.S. working in U. when he played the title role in David Copperfield. he visited an art gallery and admired there a biblical painting by a French artist entitled David Devant Goliath (“David Before Goliath”). Ananda Devi: Ananda Devi Nirsimloo-Anenden (1957–). and Didier Barra. impersonator. A shortened form of “Desiree” (“Désirée”). however. who painted topographical views.” Determine: Rohan Bennett (c. working in U. probably based his name on that of “Monsu” Desiderio. he is billed as Reginald Sheffield. bullfighter. p. Eng. of Gk. The illusionist was the son of a Scottish landscape painter. Paul Desmond: Paul Emil Breitenfeld (1924– 1977). p.143 ever. Philippe Destouches: Philippe Nicolas Néricault (1680–1754). opera singer. the pseudonym of a painter active in Naples in the 17th century. parentage. magician. “He acquired this gruesome nickname in a corrida in Puerta de Santa Maria on 1 June 1857. Jules De Sivrai: Jane Roeckel. Br. animal trainer. (1931– 2005). Eng. DeSylva: George Gard DeSylva (1895– 1950). U. Germany. movie actress. movie actor.G. and the artistic connection may have had some bearing on his new name. writer. David Devant: David Wighton (1868–1941). yoga teacher. lyricist. novelist. Br.” has a memorably vivid origin.S. Works grouped under this name are now known to belong to at least three separate artists. Ind. Ir. Mauritian writer. Ukr. working in France.S. stage. the story goes. Eng. actor. literally “of the orchard. William Desmond: William Mannion (1878– 1949). née Jackson (1834–1907). but at one time lived in Detroit. Des’ree: Des’ree Weekes (1968–). movie actor. Astra Desmond: Gwendolyn Mary Thomson (1893–1973). movie actor. B. stage actress. The matador’s ring name. Eng. screenwriter. including François Nomé. Florence Desmond: Florence Dawson (1905– 1993). of West Indian parentage. U. As a child performer. singer. Du. U. Marie Loewe-Destinn. Young Wighton mistook the second word for the subject’s name and “filed it away mentally for professional purposes in later life” [Fisher 1987. of Swe. Br. Sp.S. working in U. Andre de Toth: Endre Antal Mihály Sásvári Farkasfalvi Tóthfalusi-Tóth (1913–2002). Cristina Deutekom: Christine (“Stientje”) Engel (1932–). In sympathy with the Czech national movement in World War I.118]. movie producer. opera singer.” Gaby Deslys: Gabrielle Caïre (1881–1920). In some of his later movies. Johnny Desmond: Giovanni Alfredo di Simone (1920–1985). when a bull gored him in the eye. Du. sculptor. movie director. Jean Dessès: Jean Dimitré Verganie (1904– 1970). Gene Detroy: Samuel Wood (1909–1986). the actor was billed as Reggie Sheffield. movie actor.-born Fr. Latvian-born movie actress. Eng. working in France. Cz. “Johnny” as an equivalent of “Giovanni” and “Desmond” from “di Simone.-born U. The French name essentially translates the Dutch. Fr. Anjali Devi: Anjani Kumari (1927–).” “garbage. Jacques Deval: Jacques Boularan (1890–1972). Desperdicios: Manuel Domínguez (1816– 1886). The first Western woman to . U.” The date of the name change is unknown. meaning “refuse. a painter noted for his ghostly architectural fantasies. U. jazz saxophonist. Hung. composer. Fr. De Sivrai • Devi Gilbert des Roches: [Baroness] Julie Legoux (1842–1891). Martin Desjardins: Martin van den Bogaert (1640–1694). revue artiste. The soprano adopted the name of her teacher. pianist. black blues musician.1972–).S. Robert Deverell: Robert Pedley (1760–1841). revue artist. but was interned on her Bohemian estate for her pains. music-hall comedian.258]. short-story writer. rock singer. Indra Devi: Eugenie Vasilievna Peterson (1899– 2002). Egyptian-born fashion designer. Jerry Desmonde: James Robert Sadler (1908– 1967). Jr. DeSylva was popular known as “Buddy. The entertainer gained world fame for his act with Marquis the Chimp. Br. Russ.S. she adopted the name Ema Destinnová. Eric Desmond: Matthew Reginald SheffieldCasson (1901–1957). opera singer. The writer adopted his aunt’s name. which he promptly tore out and cast disdainfully away [like garbage] before continuing his performance” [Arnott.-Pol. parentage. playwright.S. in 1913. music teacher. comic playwright. pronounced “Dezza-ray” by Americans but “Day-zee-ray” by the British. Oleksa Desnyak: Aleksey Ignatovich Rudenko (1909–1942). As a boy. Emmy Destinn: Emilie Pavlína Kittlová (1878– 1930). composer.S. Detroit Junior: Emery Williams. Fr. but changed his name to Eric Desmond. William Devane: William Devaney (1937–). The actress was renamed as a child dancer by a matron overseeing the group she was in at the time. Williams was born in Arkansas and settled in Chicago. Ivan Desny: Ivan Desnitzky (1922–).S. Fr. working in French. possibly for the Earls of Desmond. Jamaican reggae musician.

Sophie Devienne: Jeanne Françoise Thevenin (1763–1841).S. Eng. Welsh poet. referred to by Trafford’s philosophy lecturer. with their own outlandish names. U. He therefore simply adopted the manager’s own name.S. U.S. founded in 1934. Chilean writer.S. rock singer. The Buzzcocks member was inspired to take his new name in 1976 after seeing the Sex Pistols. actress. of Welsh parentage.” The new name seems to suggest a corruption of Latin Agnus Dei. but here perhaps standing for the female Indira. U. Lodewijk van Deyssel: Karel Joan Lodewijk Alberdingk Thijm (1864–1952). SF writer. Devlo: Cyril Shaw (1910–). U. writer. with middle initial.” this being the Welsh name of the island of Anglesey. Deyn. meaning “David of Havhesp.S. Anthony Dexter: Walter Reinhold Alfred Fleischmann (1913–2001). country singer. Dewi Môn: David Rowlands (1836–1907). composer. The poet took his bardic name. The poet’s name means “David of Emlyn. The poet’s name means “Fair David of Eifionydd.” the latter being the historic region in northwest Wales where he was born and where many poets lived. Andy Devine: Jeremiah Schwartz (1905–1977). Guy d’Hardelot: Helen Rhodes. Manek. playing the part of the goddess Devi in an early movie. In Hindu mythology. Dexter at first appeared regularly on stage and on radio under the name Barry Mitchell. adding the name Indra. movie actress. including a spell as hairdresser under the name Christian St. He also appeared under the name Patrick Maurin.S.1955–). Fr. TV presenter. Eng. normally a male Indian name. movie actor. Fr. Fr. stage. “Lamb of God. Dewi Hefin: David Thomas (1828–1909).Devi • d’Hardelot 144 Dewi Emlyn: David Davies (1817–1888). Seeta Devi: Renee Smith (1912–). Saraswati Devi: Khorsheed Manchershah Minocher-Homji (1912–1980). Bill Jones (as he was usually known) was told by a theater manager that his real name would not do for a star. movie comedian. author. that of the god of the sky. stage. movie actor. movie comedian. Aubrey Dexter: Douglas Peter Jonas (1898– 1958). model. Br. joined the film studio Bombay Talkies. “Dafydd the Singer.” from a stream by his home near Bala. The actor adopted his grandmother’s surname at the start of his career in 1968. Al Dexter: Albert Poindexter (1902–1984). Seeta (Sita) is regarded as an incarnation of the goddess Lakshmi. Forget. Patrick Dewaere: Jean-Marie Bourdeau (1947– 1982). The former manager of Twiggy has taken on many roles. The poet’s name means “David of Hefin. She adopted the name for her later calling as a yoga teacher or guru. songwriter. was devised for her by a self-proclaimed name analyst.S. while Devi. Du. punk rock musician.” the latter being the historic region in which he was born. Willy DeVille: William Borsay (1950–2009). Br. TV actor. Welsh poet. movie. critic. Welsh poet. Br. “Devoto” was taken from U. Dewi Havhesp: David Roberts (1831–1884).” referring to Christ. Hildegard Dewitz: Hildegard Kazoreck (1911–). the great god of generation. née Guy enter an Indian ashram originally made her name as a film actress. in full Agyness G. is a generic name for a female deity as well as a specific name of the wife of Shiva (Siva). Pritchard (1909–).S. Ger. movie comedienne. Billy de Wolfe: William Andrew Jones (1907– 1974). U. Welsh poet. Eng. movie music director. Dewi Wyn o Eifion: David Owen (1784–1841). of Native American descent. Ind. who said that her career was hampered by the “u” in “Laura. The supermodel’s new name. Brad Dexter: Boris Milanovich (1917–2002). U. Mlle. Dewi Emrys: David Emrys James (1881–1952). movie actor. magician. Desjardins (1631–1683). Br. where he was born. writer Bernard DeVoto (see John August). The balladeer was blind. Dewi Dywyll: Dafydd Jones (1803–1868). Eng. de Villedieu: Marie Catherine H. The poet’s name means “David of Môn. The musician also used the name Diana Monti. India’s first female movie music director was forced to change her name to avoid the wrath of her community when she and her sister.” He was also known as Deio’r Cantwr.” this presumably being a local placename. photographer. William Dexter: William T. U. Justin de Villeneuve: Nigel Jonathan Davies (1939–). Ind. poet. Augusto D’Halmar: Augusto Thomson (1882– 1950). Welsh poet. Dorothy Devore: Inez Williams (1899–1976). The musician based his stage name on that of his band. Agyness Deyn: Laura Hollins (1983–).S. as for the names above. Dominic Devine: David McDonald Devine (1920–1980). a name of Lakshmi. producer. Mink DeVille. Welsh poet. wife of the god Vishnu. thriller writer. Hence his name. Magenta Devine: Kim Taylor (1960–).” . Welsh-born U. meaning “Blind David. The name may be based on that of David Devant. of Serbian parentage. Howard Devoto: Howard Trafford (c.

” and agara. However: “Neil Diamond says he was born Neil Diamond. Dharmapala • Diddy Roberta di Camerino: Giuliana Coen Camerino (1920–). U. “He has more sides to him than he has names. of Sc. Diddy.1878– 1919). clothes designer.” the latter being his birthplace. The legendary guerrilla leader adopted his nickname. he claimed that the initials stood for Interscholastic Algebra League. the name he seems most comfortable with” [Sunday Times Magazine. The writer also used the name Carter Dickson. a rapper. then. crime writer. On his way to dropping the P —‘it got between me and my fans’— and becoming. Neil Diamond: Neil Diamond (1941–). and took his vow of celibacy (brahmacharya) at the age of eight. Anagarika Dharmapala: Don David Hewavitarne (1864–1933). Combs or just Da Man” [Sunday Times Magazine. the official name he was born with. Carter Dickson see Carr Dickson Gloria Dickson: Thais Dickerson (1916–1945).Eng.A. Mr. Welsh journalist. U. the fancy hiphop name from his days of dating Jennifer Lopez. of which he had been champion in 1936 and 1937. singer. Dharmapala was the first anagarika in modern times. as well as the quite distinct Roger Fairbairn. It was rumored. As for the old name of Puff Daddy: ‘We ran that name into the ground.-born U. Fr. U.S movie actress. Robert Dhéry: Robert Léon Fourrey (1921– 2004). has never toned down his heritage. descent.1805–c. September 30. 2006]. and many reports and books are wrong that he was Noah Kaminsky” [Beech. Ivan Osipovich Dic: Jon Dicescu (1893–1938). Rom. TV actress. Puff Daddy. It.S. He then became P. the singer and Hollywood queen. Puffy. Dic Dywyll: Richard Williams (c. in the US at least. literally “houseless one” (from Sanskrit anagara.” I. The name is that of the actress’s first husband. to watch Diddy — aka P. Diddy. journalist. Puff Daddy. whatto-call-him front. that Pezza had originally been a monk named Fra Angelo (“Brother Angel”). of Fr. Brazilian footballer. Bo Diddley see Bo Diddley P. essayist..S. Dharmapala means “guardian of the dharma. popular singer. Willy Dias: Fortuna Morpurgo (1872–1956). so adopted his mother’s maiden name. Jack Johnson. post–J-Lo self. brigand chief.145 (1858–1936). Fr.. fashion designer. writer of romantic fiction. U. short-story writer. Tongue firmly in cheek. composer. movie actress. Puffy. It. actor. the ridiculous tag he adopted as a joke and then decided it suited his post-trial [on firearms charges].L.. so that he was “Robert d’Héry. Gene Dickinson. Anagarika.S.96].” given him by victimized peasants on account of his ferocity. parentage. playwright. The actor was illegitimate. “houseless. Sean. Fra Diavolo: Michele Pezza (1771–1806). It’s all played out.S. Carr Dickson: John Dickson Carr (1905– 1977).S.. movie actor. Sandra Dickinson: Sandra Searles (1940–). You can call me whatever name best rolls off your tongue. November 11. the ideal truth as set forth in the teachings of the Buddha.. “not.S. The writer used this name for early fiction. Ceylonese Buddhist leader. It..-born Br. director. meaning “Brother Devil.. Diddy: Sean Combs (1970–). the nickname given to the schoolboy who puffed out his chest at sports. Four names.. the small town of Héry.S. there’s Sean Combs. Rom. France. socialist activist.. but he would put his pinkie in the corner of his eye when singing his ballads. Dida: Nelson de Jesus Silva (1973–). U. songwriter. The musician was born in the Château Hardelot.” this being the Sanskrit word for “law. The Buddhist pioneer and preacher adopted his new name in his late teens. Dic Tryfan: Richard Hughes Williams (c.’ I opt for Puffy. Eng.” that is. Dic Aberdaron: Richard Robert Jones (1780– 1843). U. novelist. Diamond: Itek Dommnici (1920–1988). “He was Puff Daddy. The balladeer’s name means “Blind Dick. The writer’s name means “Dick of Tryfan. p. simply . Welsh scholar. Thomas John Dibdin: Thomas John Pitt (1771– 1833). “Here I am in Copenhagen to talk to and . Angie Dickinson: Angeline Brown (1931–). is the title of a celibate fulltime roving worker for Buddhism.–born Br. moreover.” the latter being a mountain near his birthplace in northwest Wales. It. screenwriter. folksinger. The eccentric linguist adopted a name meaning “Dick of Aberdaron. Boulogne-sur-Mer. a music producer and party promoter.1865). The actor took his name from his birthplace.” from an-. Alela Diane: Alela Diane Menig (1983–). U..” He is not actually known to have been blind. black rapper. His multiple names and roles continue to fascinate. Ottone di Banzole: Alfredo Oriani (1852– 1909).. movie actor. The musician was at first known as “Puffy” from his habit of puffing up his chest during football practice.-Ger. “house”). Diamond chose his new name when working on the campus newspaper at Columbia University. And not forgetting P-Diddy. Many sources give the musician’s real name as Noah Kaminsky. 2001]. for a star. On the confusing. Welsh poet.

“I’m into dirty tricking. Can. A year or two after her birth.S. It. Eng. opera singer. Shostakovich.’ said Dillinger. The poem was set to music in 1938 by Norbert Schultze and first recorded in 1939 by Lale Andersen. but she later accepted it as neat and individualistic. A pet form of the player’s first name. ‘When I was going to the studio. familiar from Virgil’s Aeneid and Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas. Diddy. movie actor. Dimitry: John Frederick Grimshaw (1950–). took his mother’s maiden name around 1900. The author adopted her new first name. impresario. She herself changed the Scandinavian “-sen” of her surname to an English-style “-son. cartoonist. this became “Babe” because. movie actress. . Lapowski’s father.. Lopez Camoño took the name Diego after joining the Capuchin order in 1759. December 31. Grimshaw further points out that his full name is an anagram of “charming.” with IM inserted into a “tricking” (anagram) of DIRTY. “My name is Alcapone Junior. as Dietrich herself was. painter. The actor long concealed his true identity. he say. he has transformed himself into the front man for his own fashion label. she hit tape-measure home runs. Fr. “‘At first I was trying to sound like Dennis Alcapone. Johnson adopted this Italian form of his name when studying and singing in Italy from 1908 to 1919. Didi: Waldir Pereira (1928–2001). novelist.Didi • Ding 146 Laura Di Falco: Laura Carpinteri (1910–). investment banker. and is now an actor” [The Times. Dieudonné: Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala (1966–). Sp. of Norw. 2001]. Brazilian footballer. Maria’s family moved from Berlin to Weimar. satirist. making him look as if he ran off diesel.. Sean Jean. His last name came from a nickname given by friends for his nonstop energy. Babe Didrikson: Mildred Ella Didriksen (?1914–1956). U. Dido: Florian Cloud de Bounevialle Armstrong (1971–). Dan. joker. the name of Marlene Dietrich is associated with that of Lili Marlene. so was nicknamed “Baby. preacher. The athlete was the sixth child in her family.S. after the mythological queen and founder of Carthage. and when I come to do my track. and her mother Wilhelmina Elisabeth Josephine Felsing. written in English. mindful of its traditional Hebrew meaning “laughter. The actress is billed as Eva Dilian in the credits of her first movie. The name combined that of his girlfriend. Jamaican rock musician.-born U. if shrewd. (A deviser of cryptic crosswords is also a “false pretender.” for Seven Gothic Tales (1934). Ding: Jay Norwood Darling (1876–1962). Dixon was nicknamed “Digital” because his arrival on the reggae scene in 1985 coincided with the rise of computerized rhythm tracks.-born U. Marlene Dietrich: Maria Magdalene Dietrich (1901–1992). I try” and. sportswoman. it can be read as “(being) dim. U. crossword compiler. Tania B. Reggae Explosion: The Story of Jamaican Music. It. Eng. with its fusty classical connections. referring both to the first name of the setter’s favorite composer. and a young nurse named Marleen. the girl in the song that became popular in World War II. Irasema Dilian: Irasema Warschalowska (1924–). writer. The singer was so nicknamed as a young girl.S. His first name is a short form of his original name. She also wrote as Pierre Andrezel.S. the last for various Danish periodicals. Jamaican reggae musician. U. where her mother married Edouard von Losch. née Dinesen (1885–1962).” Her father was Louis Erich Otto Dietrich.S.”) Again. “I am Alcapone Junior. 2008]. Edoardo di Giovanni: Edward Johnson (1878– 1959). popular singer. broadcaster. as a cryptic clue. Phyllis Diller: Phyllis Driver (1917–). movie actress.” He say. Bobby Digital: Robert Dixon (c. the impostor in Russian history who claimed to be the son of Czar Ivan IV.” Scratch give me that name’” [Chris Salewicz and Adrian Boot. and Osceola. Vin Diesel: Mark Vincent (1967–).. movie actor.” Diego of Cadiz: José Francisco Lopez Camoño (1743–1801). U. and to False Dmitry. parentage. of multiracial origin. zero in condotta (1940). The pseudonym has multilayered meanings.S. a Polish Jew. mobster John Dillinger (1903–1934) by Lee “Scratch” Perry. Dillinger: Lester Bullocks (1953–). Bullocks was named for U. A shortening of his surname. like Babe Ruth. comedienne.” Later. “No.” but when Scratch Perry take me to the studio at Dynamic. I was saying. The actress’s first name is a telescoped form of “Maria Magdalene. Ger. U. In the popular mind. singer. “What is your name?” I say.S. Clarence Dillon: Clarence Lapowski (1882– 1979).1960–). you are Dillinger. you are not. Lili. The original poem “Lili Marleen” [sic] was written by the German Hans Leip in 1915. working in Kenya.S. movie actress.” This version was used as a signature tune by Anne Shelton in her radio show Introducing Anne and was later sung by Dietrich herself. telling the story of the love of a soldier for his girl. At first she hated the name. Maddalena . It became popular among German troops in World War II and British troops then adopted it in a translated version titled “Lili Marlene.” Penelope Dimont see Ann Temple Isak Dinesen: Karen Christentze BlixenFinecke.

S. the founder of the Peace Mission movement adopted the name Major J. Dick Distich: Alexander Pope (1688–1744). George Kesterson and Bob Roberts. The star of silent westerns also acted under the names Art James and Art Mix.Z. Jr. a statue of a discus thrower by the 5th-century BC Greek sculptor Myron. 2001]. Br. His flock shortened this to Father Divine and chanted. social reformer Dorothea Dix (1802–1887). Diogenes: William John Brown (c. women’s rights pioneer. and Diocletianus his second cognomen. was Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus. Eng. the jealousy of the biblical God. N. Francisco di Nogero: Emilie Frances Bauer (1865–1926). Eng. Dixon: Edward L. U. A History of Celibacy. Dito und Idem: Elisabeth. without the use of a computer.” or in modern terms “disk thrower” (that is. or forename. Flaminio Carli. U. and Latin) translate punningly as “the same and the same. . Diocletian: Diocles (245–316). implying religious and military authority. black R&B pianist. German. Aurelius his nomen. U.1895–1960). verse. The name itself was presumably borrowed from the U. The romantic name derives from Gonzaga’s book of pastoral love lyrics.S. writer on sound recording. The Viennaborn musician was ennobled in 1773 and adopted his aristocratic augmentation then.-born Rom. and as another explanation recounts: “About this time [1917]. The emperor’s eventual full name. Franklin W. Port.S. née Meriwether (1861–1951).” Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf : Carl Ditters (1739–1799). This name was soon popularly modified to Divine. Júlio Dinis: Joaquim Guilherme Gomes Coelho (1839–1871). The writer was of English descent on his mother’s side. brother of Papa San. U. Ger. Eng. Dorothy Dix: (1) Elizabeth Gilmer. (1929–2006). Eng. According to one account. poet. the Reverend Major Jealous Divine. Discobolus: Donald Williams Aldous (1914– before 1995). parentage.S.S. director. Denver Dixon: Victor Adamson (1901–1972). ‘God is here on earth today.S.147 Ding Ling: Jiang Weizhi (Chiang Wei-chih) (1904–1986). born in Piacenza. Divine: Harris Glen Milstead (1945–1988). poet. journalist. or gens (clan) name. composer. The name is familiar from Discobolus. created as an adjectival form of his own original name. Devine soon after moving to New York from Georgia in 1915. novelist. Diocles (itself meaning “fame of Zeus”). Gilmer joined the New Orleans Picayune in 1894 and took the name soon after when writing an advice column for women called “Sunday Salad. poet. movie actor. Pope used this pseudonym for writing in the Guardian. transvestite movie actor. journalist. Ger. prose writer + Ding Ling • Dixon Mite (or Marie) Kremnitz (1852–1916). violinist. The setter chose a pseudonym (the scientific name of the dinosaur) that referred to his aging status and old-fashioned methods of compilation. Diplodocus: Roy Dean (1927–).S. rock singer. This was the joint pseudonym used by the already pseudonymous Carmen Sylva and George Allan when the two ladies wrote as coauthors. composer. of Brazilian parentage. Valeria). Queen of Romania (1843–1916). Port. and his own divinity. as found in official inscriptions. producer.S. Marmaduke Dixey: [His Honour] Geoffrey Howard (1889–1973). (2) Jean Nicol (?–1986). novelist. The words (respectively in Italian. took the name Dionigi on entering the Capuchin order in 1652. engineering. U. Father Divine is his name’” [Elizabeth Abbott. or who records on such disks). Roman emperor. movie actor. or additional name (from his daughter. one who “throws” disks on to a record player. Dion: Dion DiMucci (1939–). It. trade union advisor. U. Ger. U. Dirtsman: Patrick Thompson (1966–1993). U. journalist. playwright. The “screen goddess” name was created for the larger-than-life actor by director John Waters. sister of composer Marion Eugenie Bauer (1887– 1955). Communist activist. Chin. Floyd Dixon: Jay Riggins. whose star performer he became. juvenile detectives. missionary. Marília de Dirceu (1792). Ronnie James Dio: Ronald Padavona (1942– 2010). The Stratemeyer Literary Syndicate set up in 1906 used this name for stories for boys about the Hardy Boys. He was originally known as The Messenger. rock musician. writer. Jamaican reggae musician. feminist writer. crossword compiler. Dirceu: Tomás Antônio Gonzaga (1744–1810).S. The latter name was later adopted by two other western actors.S. the Messenger adopted a new name. pianist.–born U. black evangelist. a distich being a verse couplet. Father Divine: George Baker (?1877–1965). with “Father” indicating his leadership status. Richard Dix: Ernest Carlton Brimmer (1894– 1949).S. Brown adopted this name for contributions to Time and Tide. judge. Valerius his cognomen. Stratemeyer (1862–1930). Dionigi da Piacenza: Flaminio Carli (1637– 1695). writer. poet. writer. U. Gaius was his praenomen. of Fr. The writer’s name is Latin (from Greek) for “discus thrower. Eng.” Nicol took the name when employed by the Daily Mirror at the start of her career in the 1930s.

stage. painter. John Doe see Elmer Ellsworth. Meg Dods: Christian Isobel Johnstone. of Ukr. This gave his new first name. by “Mistress Margaret (Meg) Dods. pop singer. near which he was born. “probably out of respect for the maternal uncle who cared for him after his father’s untimely death” [Bret E. Thomson was the son-inlaw of Fanny Fern. James L.S. Russ. Ronan’s Well (1824). meaning “of the Don. DJ SS: Leroy Small (1971–). vol. He was canonized in 1988. theologian. [St. Russ.K. I. D-Nice: Derrick Jones (1970–). blackface minstrel. U. novelist. nightclub owner. cookery writer.: Thomson (1831–1875). writer + George Duckett (?–1732). 6. Eng. DJ Minute Mix: Jarrett Cordes (1968–).S.1970–). DJ Shadow: Josh Davis (c. Jean Dixon: Marie Jacques (1894–1981). John Bovee Dods: Johannes Dods Bovee (1795– 1872). Williams played a right-handed Stratocaster guitar with the strings reversed. Jr. DMX: Earl Simmons (c. Duke D’Mond: Richard Edward Palmer (1943– 2009). Br. rapper. Lefty Dizz: Walter Williams (1937–1993).S. a parody of Longfellow’s Hiawatha. Jr. Doc: Tom Johnson (1947–). origin. Ukr. Carroll in Garraty and Carnes. U. U. writer. U. Sweden. His second name came following a spell as a trumpeter (like Dizzy Gillespie). In 1923 he exhibited as a Dadaist under the name J.1972–). black rapper. He also used the name for Plu-ri-bustah.” for his victory over the Golden Horde near the Don River at the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. cartoonist. The author modified his name after serving in the War of 1812.S. The grand prince of Vladimir and Moscow was given his name.S. Br. pianist. The musician. black hip-hop musician.S. SF writer. working in Germany. Ronan’s. U. conductor. née Tod (1781–1857). but liked to interpret the letters as “Dark Man X. moviemaker. The writer made her name with The Cook and Housewife’s Manual (1826). Q. ecclesiastic.S.K.” is the brother of Prince Be. U.” be a humorous alteration of “doeskins.] Charles Dodd: Hugh Tootel (1672– 1743). The writer took his pen name from the Dnieper River. The name is simply a frivolous one. Catholic historian. hiphop musician. writer on spiritualism. Eng. (1971–2000). although Thomson claimed that “P stood for “Perfect Brick. The musician took his name from the DMX digital sound machine.” His 29 letters under the name. U. [St. He subsequently formed a partnership in a minstrel troupe with Charles Dockstader. playwright. nicknamed “J.B.S. humorist. The Barron Knights lead singer was given his unconventional name by Les Perrin. St. black blues guitarist. Docherty see James Hadley Chase Lew Dockstader: George Alfred Clapp (1856– 1924). Bonset.Dixon • Doggrel 148 Don Leucadio Doblado see Joseph Blanco White Issay Dobrowen: Ishok Israelevich Barabeychik (1891–1953). DJ Screw: Robert Earl Davis. the Eternal. Eng. The artist renamed himself after his stepfather.S. even after the troupe had disbanded. P Mortimer Neal . a Song That’s-by-No-Author (1856). [Rev. Dizzee Rascal see Dizzee Rascal Assia Djebar: Fatima-Zohra Imalayène (1936–). writer. U.C. The impresario slightly modified the spelling of his name for ease of pronunciation. Br. Sc. Philander Doesticks. U. Clapp kept the name. illustrator.S. Theo van Doesburg : Christian Emil Marie Kupper (1883–1931). The name is actually that of a character in Sir Walter Scott’s novel St. black rock musician. poet. 697). black hip-hop musician.] Dmitry Rostovsky: Daniil Savvich Tuptalo (1651–1709). U.S. prince. crossword compiler.” Anatoly Dneprov: Anatoly Petrovich Mitskevich (1919–). who despite his name was not related.S. the group’s publicist. . supposedly written by the landlady of the Cleikum Inn. vaudeville artist. When Charles died in 1883. earlier M’Leish. DJ Quik: David Blake (1970–). record producer. designer. Diz: Edward Jeffrey Irving Ardizzone (1900– 1979).B.” popularly known as Meg Dods’ Cookery. movie comedienne. Art D’Lugoff: Athur Joshua Dlugoff (1924– 2009). The writer took monastic vows in 1668 and was appointed metropolitan of Rostov (hence his title) in 1702. Russ. black DJ. U. p. mostly appearing in the Detroit Daily Advertiser. Dniprovsky: Ivan Danilovich Shevchenko (1895–1934). notably his Church History of England (1737–43). were collected in Doesticks: What He Says (1855).” “Doesticks” may . The musician took the name that his orphaned mother had adopted from a relative. Eng. Sir Iliad Doggrel: [Sir] Thomas Burnet (1694– 1753). Algerian novelist. The singer took the name Lew Dockstader in 1873.] Dmitry Donskoy: Dmitry Ivanovich (1350–1389). The cleric used this name for all of his writings. Du. turntable artist (mixer). Russ. U.

Hilde Domin: Hilde Löwenstein (1909–2006). U. An occasional pseudonym.-born U. Luis Miguel Gonzáles Lucas (1926–1996). black blues musician. Fritz Döhring: Carl Busse (1872–1918). so means “little Domenico. The musician was nicknamed “Dolby” at school by classmates impressed by his keen interest in electronics.S. Jesuit missionary. U. Healey-Kay’s mother. painter. Parsons. Eng. she and her husband emigrated in 1940. circus performer. artist + Boris Dolgov (?–?). black jazz musician. economist. U. drama critic. on joining Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes: “As the programmes were being printed Pat suddenly conceived the idea of disguising himself under a Russian name. however. ‘It is simple and will look well in print. Arielle Dombasie: Sonnery de Fromental (1955–). and still more difficult to remember. Ger.S. Russ. ballet dancer. they continued to use the European forms of their first names for several years. Someone .-born U. The musician won the case. U. movie actress. In 1987 Dolby Laboratories reportedly tried to sue Robertson for trademark infringement. Rosy Dolly: Roszicka Deutsch (1892–1970).born U. An earlier name used by the dancer was Russian-style Patrikéeff. used this name for A Conference about the Next Succession to the Crown of England (1594). It. but equally suggests the common Irish surname Dolan. Patrick Healey-Kay assumed his stage name in 1923. The writer was born Audrey Geraldine Lorde. Argentinian writer. writer. Balletomania. The actress was a member of the leading family of midgets in American showbiz. playwright. Eng. literary critic.–born Fr. Hung. The musician’s surname is his . The artist’s name is a diminutive of his first name. choreographer. ‘It will be an excellent joke.S. Johnny Dollar: John L. R. Aronson adopted the name of the Russian restaurant he founded (in 1927) in Paris. ‘Anton. I can already hear the public calling out: “Dolin! Bravo. Jenny Dolly: Janszieka Deutsch (1892–1941).-born Fr.149 writer. and Daisy. who adopted the same surname for obvious reasons (Tiny herself was only 39 inches tall) Döhring • Domino and changed their original German first names to the English names Harry. ßtefan Augustin Doina£: ßtefan Popa (1922–). Ger. SF writer. movie actress.S. Lynch Davis. U. as German Jews. to which.-born U. Sp. née Healey.” Dominguín: Domingo del Campo (1873– 1905). many of them simply initials. singer. Domenichino: Domenico Zampieri (1581– 1641). bullfighter. Argentinian writer + Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986). as a pseudonym for his second profession as drama critic. Rom. Rey Domini: Audre Lorde (1934–1992).B. poet. writer. poet. appropriate for a ballet dancer. Jim Dollar: Marietta Sergeyevna Shaginyan (1888–1982). a parody of Western detective fiction set in Russia and an imaginary New York. at any rate. Although the duo were billed as “The Dolly Sisters” from the first. producer. Pol. What shall I be?’ He reached for a volume of Tchekov. Hung. Georg Doleschal: Oskar Welten (1844–1894). teaming with twin sister Jenny Dolly. including the Dolby noise-reduction system for audiotapes. performing with her elder brother and two sisters.1972–). Russ. poet.’ The rest was not so easy. movie actress.S. is a good beginning. black rapper. who founded the English province of the Society of Jesus. so that “Rey” is a pet form of her first name and “Domini” presumably a Latin-style translation of her surname. Suárez Lynch and B. The two men used this name for their Homerides. It is sure to mystify all my friends and annoy some of them intensely. The name passed to the matador’s son.. a criticism of Pope’s neoclassical translation of the Iliad (1715). from his first (originally third) name. movie actress. Doleman: Robert Parsons (1546–1610). Gracie. singer. 1934]. on the grounds that the company could not stop anyone called Dolby from using the name. Fats Domino: Antoine Domino (1928–). black feminist writer. artist.S. was Irish. U.S. Tiny Doll: Elly Schneider (1914–2004). politician. They returned to their native Germany from their country of exile in 1954. Domino: Shawn Ivy (c. hit upon Dolin. Dominic see Emma Lathen Léon Dominique: Léon Aronson (1893–1984). Honorio Bustos Domecq: Adolfo Bioy Casares (1914–1999). Evsey David Domar: Evsey David Domashevitsky (1914–1997). The writer used this name for her popular adventure story Mess Mend: Yankees in Petrograd (1923). U. Dolbokov: Hannes Vayn Bok (1914–1964).S.S. He had several other pseudonyms. Br. Dolin is not only a genuine Russian name. Ger. Most of the names were difficult to pronounce. Anton Dolin: Sydney Francis Patrick Chippendall Healey-Kay (1904–1983). Thomas Dolby: Thomas Morgan Robertson (1958–). Other joint pseudonyms used by the writers for satirical works were B. Sibley (1941–). restaurateur. plotter.S. The writer took her name from the Dominican Republic.S. Dolin!”’ They did the very next night” [Arnold Haskell. teaming with twin sister Rosy Dolly.. R. Ger. rock musician. the Dominique.

working in U. movie actor. Br. stage. was a typical Irish saloon keeper with a typical Irish name. Troy Donahue: Merle Johnson. Mr.” “Being named for a shipwreck doesn’t sound appealing. Don Yute: Jason Andrew Williams (1974–). movie actress.Donahue • Dorne 150 first name. detective fiction writer. but he occasionally assumed the alias of Shirley” [Dictionary of National Biography]. 1996]. saxophonist. rock musician. parentage. used this name. and some sources give this as his real name. Jesuit. model. writer. D’Israeli goes on to tell how Dorat’s daughter married a man named Goulu. Can. bandleader. The Playmate Book. in a series of the writer’s works. U. Jean Dorat: Jean Dinemandi (1508–1588). The former schoolteacher adopted her religious name. Mary Doran: Florence Arnott (1907–1995).S. Milo Dor: Milutin Doroslovac (1923–). The actor was given his screen name by Henry Willson. Dick Donovan: Joyce Emmerson Preston Muddock (1843–1934). real one. “He was generally known by the name of Dormer. The writer actually adopted the name of his birthplace. Br. or gilded. descent The “King of Skiffle” took his new first name from U. radio station manager. sculptor. photographer. Madame D’Ora: Dora Kallmus (1881–1963).201]. which was hatched by an agent who must have been haunted by the sinking of the Italian liner Andrea Doria [in 1956]” [Gretchen Edgren. Donovan: Donovan Philip Leitch (1946–). rock musician. father of Ione Skye. of Ir. Eng. It. so that “in spite of her father’s remonstrances.S. stage. meaning “Dora of Istria. movie actor. based on her own .” for Women in the East.” He was the inspiration for the name of Chubby Checker. but a young actress named Victoria Vetri went for the idea.S. (1936– 2001). The writer took his name from one of the 18th-century Bow Street runners (a precursor of the London Metropolitan Police). movie actress. The scholar’s change of name is explained not entirely accurately by D’Israeli: “Dorat.S. poet. as a ten-year-old. The actor appeared in early movies as Frits van Dongen.S. The daughter of Prince Alexander Ghika (1795– 1862). short-story writer. The musician used this name for popular music and songs. U. Hung. Austr. Fr. journalist. novelist. U. Rom. U. U. movie actress. with whom an MC confused him when the two men were on the same London bill. Eng. the agent who had earlier transformed Roy Harold Scherer into Rock Hudson. Sister Dora: Dorothy Wyndlow Pattison (1832– 1878).-born pop musician. composer. Eng. New Orleans. singer. Tom Donahue: Thomas Coman (1928–1975). at the Hideaway Club. The artist’s adopted name arose as an affectionate nickname. Donatello: Donato di Niccolò de’ Bardi (c. The singer first used her stage name in 1863 for her debut at Turin. “little Donato. Du. translator. Vetri was given her new name as Playboy’s September 1967 “Playmate of the Month. choreographer. Clara Doria: Clara Kathleen Rogers. Fr. U.S. Italy. had for his real name Disnemandi. Angela Dorian: Victoria Vetri (1944–). working in U. In 1949 his first record was called “The Fat Man. Jr. on becoming a member of the Sisterhood of the Good Samaritan in 1864. blues musician Lonnie Johnson (1889–1970). Richard Donner: Richard Donald Schwartzberg (1930–). Daniela Dor: Barbara Kaufman (1912–). signifies one who dines in the morning: that is. hospodar of Wallachia. ballet dancer.S. Le Dorat.1386–1466).” Lonnie Donegan: Anthony James Donegan (1931–2002). as Princess Isabella in Meyerbeer’s opera Robert le Diable. composer. Mr. she once more renewed his sorrows in this alliance!” Roland Dorgelès: Roland Lecavelé (1886– 1973).-born Israeli violinist. of It. Dora d’Istria: [Princess] Elena Koltsov-Massalsky. movie actress. John Dormer: John Huddleston (1636–1700). which. Dooley: Finley Peter Dunne (1867–1936). in the dialect of the Limousins. “glutton” (compare La Goulue). Sam Donahue: Samuel Koontz (1918–1974). humorist.S. U. near Limoges. of Albanian origin.S. one who has no other dinner than his breakfast. Eng. née Ghika (1828–1888). published simultaneously in Zürich and London in 1861. Dooley. Les Femmes en Orient. Dolores Dorn: Dolores Dorn-Heft (1935–). medical missionary.S. Rupert Doone: Ernest Reginald Woodfield (1903–1966). la Comtesse Dora d’Istria. a nickname which one of his ancestors had for his fair tresses” [p. née Barnett (1844–1931).S. Sc. movie actor. Par Mme. Serbian writer. She emigrated to the United States in 1871.” Pauline Donalda: Pauline Lightstone (1882– 1970). This degrading name he changed to Dorat. humanist. Jamaican DJ. U. Sc. opera singer. a French poet. Sandra Dorne: Joanna Smith (1925–1992). “Fats” was the (descriptive) nickname given him by band leader Bill Diamond when he first started playing. Philip Dorn: Hein van der Niet (1901–1975). Johnson soon took to his new name: “It was part of me ten minutes after I got it.

probably comes from Dosso. she felt it sounded good to have two names with the same initial. Eng. Catherine Doucet: Catherine Green (1875– 1958). actress. journalist. cartoonist. U. and her final stage name came about as described in her autobiography: “To be born with the name of Fluck. movie actress. novelist.S. published when he was 18. writer. née Tonlin (1910–). The writer first used this name for The Vampire. Eng. TV actress. George Douglas Brown produced the bestselling novel The House with the Green Shutters (1901) under the name that brought him fame. So Dors it was and we were all happy!” [Diana Dors. actor-manager Allan Dorval. D’Orsay: Maria Luisa Ponsa (1878–1919).-born U. M. movie actor. Eng. he adopted the name Douglas by royal license on being created a baronet. Dorr in 1892 (separated 1898). stage. Reta Child altered the spelling of her first and last names before marrying John P. Bulg. TV actress. rap artist. Gordon Harbord. Diana Dors: Diana Mary Fluck (1931–1984). The actress claimed that her new name was adopted from a bottle of French perfume. soldier. feminist. where he is first recorded in 1512. movie actress..S.S. Doug E. novelist.S. Donna Douglas: Doris Smith (1933–). movie actor. Originally my reason for changing it was no more than a young girl’s ambition to become a film star with a beautiful name which would look good in twinkling lights. Sc. In 1831. Eng. TV. painter. and the search for a new surname was on! My agent had suggested Scarlett . and that “Fifi” was what other girls called her when in the Greenwich Village Follies chorus in the 1920s. U. who also named Laurence Harvey and Adrienne Corri. U. at the age of 77. But Diana was not keen on this. a name proposed by her agent. U. U. Doug: Douglas Bourne (1970–). Felia Doubrovska: Felizata Dluzhnevskaya (1896–1981). Dottsy: Dorothy Brodt (1954–). stage. Sp. stage. Marie Dorval: Marie Thomase Amélie Delaunay (1798–1849).151 Marie Doro: Marie Kathryn Stewart (1882– 1956). [Sir] Kenneth Douglas: Kenneth Mackenzie (1754–1833). He died five years later. novelist. Ellen Douglas: Josephine Haxton. Ruth Dorset see Marilyn Ross St. Mackenzie spent the whole of his military career. Eng. painter. Behind Closed Dors. Kirk Douglas: Issur (later Isidore) Danielovitch Demsky (1916–). and because my grandmother’s maiden name had been Dors. but when I was cast in my first film the director tried gently to explain that the second part of my name would have to be altered because people might try to place a vulgar intonation [sic] on it! I was only fourteen and did not quite understand his well meant reasoning then. Felicity Douglas: Felicity Dowson. Doro • Douglas Gabrielle Dorziat: Gabrielle Sigrist Moppert (1886–1979). The actress’s stage name is that of her husband. poet. Eng. Can. movie actor. stage. but as I wished to call myself something much more exotic anyway. novelist. The artist’s name. radio author. comic TV actor. Eng. movie actress. composer. Craig Douglas: Terence Perkins (1941–). 1979].S. U. pianist. Douglas: Thomas Douglas England (1891– 1971). under his original family name. John Dorset: Hugo John Belfour (1802– 1827). George Douglas: (1) [Lady] Gertrude Georgina Douglas (1842–1893).S. U. movie actress. It. Finally my mother in a moment of brilliance decided that I would stick to a family name after all. Love and a Sword (1899). stage.S. The actress adopted the stage name “Doro” from a youthful nickname.S.. It. and I toyed with that for a while.1490–1542). “Adorato.L. popular singer. The actor chose his new first name because .” Rheta Childe Dorr: Reta Louise Child (1866– 1948).S. U. near Mantua. The actress was nearly called Diana Scarlett. short-story writer. After publishing a book for boys. U. commercial artist. Daniel Douglas see Claude Cahun Donald Douglas: Douglas Kinleyside (1905– 1945). Russ. U. Edith Douglas: Clara Louise Root Burnham (1854–1927). Sc. which is not documented before the 18th century. whom she married at 15.S. Jack Douglas: Jack Roberton (1927–2008). Fr. particularly if one is a girl. rising to the rank of lieutenant general. movie. Carlo Dossi: Carlo Alberto Pisani Dossi (1849– 1910). Jewish parentage. can be nothing less than disastrous. Stanislav Dospevski: Zafir Zograf (1823–1878). movie. as Kennedy King.. Fifi D’Orsay: Angelina Yvonne Cecil Lussier D’Sablon (1904–1983). née Ayres (1921–).. Fr. The writer occasionally used this name for early stories and poems submitted to magazines. country singer.S. Dosso Dossi: Giovanni di Luteri (c. a Tragedy in five acts (1821). U.. (2) George Douglas Brown (1869–1902). My own fantasy of Diana Carroll also seemed a possibility but my father was incensed that the family name was not to be used. of Russ.S.-born ballet dancer. I agreed willingly. working in France.

movie actor. black abolitionist. His comic turn of speech and homespun sagacity soon won him popularity among his readers.S. producer. he felt it was “snazzy. The writer began her literary career under the male name David Lyndsay.S.Douglas • Drago 152 employed as an artist’s model. The actor adopted his new name from a forebear in his mother’s old Kentucky family. stage. Anna Murray. stage.S.1830). “His pseudonym .g. U. Feelgood. U. (1925–2006). For names beginning thus. Dowsett adopted his pen name for some children’s books. 1945]. philanthropist. movie actress. 1985]. Jr. is a pun on what humour can do to ease life’s frictions” [Sam Burnside in Brian Lalor.1790–c. with its duality of joy and sadness. crossdresser.) Her new first name was adopted by jazz singer Billie Holiday.. writer. The actor adopted his mother’s maiden name. Dr.S. 2003]. e. working in U. U. Maryland. The Encyclopaedia of Ireland. humorist. playwright. TV presenter. signing her pictures with a name formed from the first syllables of her three forenames. Dre. and so ‘Lynn C. Dovima: Dorothy Virginia Margaret Juba (1927–1990). with whom she had formed a relationship.. Billie Dove: Lillian Bohny (1900–1997).” and his surname out of his admiration for Douglas Fairbanks. Martin Doyle: William Hickey (1787–1875). saxophonist. parentage. Robert Douglas: Robert Douglas Finlayson (1909–1999). John. based on her experiences while visiting her younger brother William in Calcutta in 1907: “I did not want to use my name as (in my opinion) John had given lustre to the name of Buchan which any literary efforts of mine would not be likely to add to. U. writer of fantasy fiction. he happened to notice a can marked Linseed Oil in a grocer’s shop. U. Frederick Douglass: Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (1818–1895). gen. her “wife” being the Englishwoman Isabella Robinson.S. movie actor. Can.S. Br.. U. O. Br. Sc. founded by Smith the year before. Lynn Doyle: Leslie Alexander Montgomery (1873–1961). Jr. etc. U. Billy Drago: William Burrows (1949–).S. model. Hickey used this name for a number of publications on agricultural topics. Eddie Dowling: Joseph Nelson Goucher (1894–1976).S. Wallace Douglas: Wallace Finlayson (1911–). Douglas: Anna Masterton Buchan (1877– 1948). where he changed his name to disguise his background and confuse slavecatchers. Unforgotten. of Pol. she was nicknamed “The Dove” for her gentle features when . Dr. stage director. Later he dropped the ‘C’” [Introduction to Lynn Doyle. Dr. Stephen Douglass: Stephen Fitch (1921–). writer.S. Ir.S. The poet adopted his pen name from the last syllable of paradox. movie actress. beauty and melancholy. reflecting both the indigenous and (French) colonial background against which his writing is set as well as his leading theme of love.S. In 1827 she took to wearing male dress and styled herself Mr. humorous writer. in New Bedford.. When the future model was confined to bed with rheumatic fever for seven years as a child she occupied herself by drawing. Walter Sholto Douglas. Professor of Armenian Studies at Oxford University from 1965 to 1991. U. Theo Douglas: Henrietta Dorothy Everett. U. Steve Douglas: Steven Kreisman (1938–1993). Peggy Dow: Margaret Josephine Varnadow (1928–). Sr. Massachusetts.. Olivia in India: The Adventures of a Chota Miss Sahib (1913).” (According to one account. Walter Sholto Douglas: Mary Diana Dods (c. Mike Douglas: Michael Delaney Dowd. Douglas’” [Anna Buchan. beginning with Russian Tales and Legends (1956). Malagasy lyric poet. movie actor. stage actor. The writer used this name for Short Patent Sermons (1875). Mrs. see the next word. The human rights leader escaped from slavery in Baltimore. Major Jack Downing: Seba Smith (1792–1868). ed.S. son of Douglas Fairbanks. Sc. Jewish parentage.S. Melvyn Douglas: Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg (1901–1981). director. academic. of Swiss parentage. of Russ. writer.. Jack Downing was the supposed name of a “Down East” Yankee who in 1830 began to publish letters in the Portland Courier. Regera Dowdy see Eduard Blutig Dow. Unforgettable. The actress was nicknamed “Billie” as a child and to this she later added “Dove. “His pseudonym was typical of his sense of fun — early in his writing career. so I called myself ‘O. An Ulster Childhood. Doyle’ was born. sister of novelist John Buchan (1875–1940). Ir. . Dox: Jean Verdi Solomon Razkandrainy (1913– 1978). née Huskisson (1851–1923). Br.: Elbridge Gerry Paige (1816–1859). humorist. Dr. producer.S. U. She kept the name in her professional career. A “Chota Miss Sahib” (in the book title) is a young unmarried lady. singer. singer. Scott Douglas: James Hicks (1927–1996). ballet dancer.-Ir. U. The future actor adopted his mother’s maiden name as an 11-year-old cabin boy on the Fall River Line. Jr. novelist. The writer took her new name for her first book. U. in 1838 and settled with his wife. stage actor. U. Charles Downing: Charles James Frank Dowsett (1924 —1998).

A patent had been granted to the Duchess of Kendal for supplying copper coins for use in Ireland. Judge Dread see Judge Dread Mikey Dread: Michael Campbell (c.S. Marie Dressler: Leila Marie von Koerber (1869–1934). movie actress. The actress adopted her new name. (1857– 1906).-born U. The writer legally adopted her pseudonym. We the Lord Lieutenant and Council do hereby Publish and Declare. Alfred Drake: Alfredo Capurro (1914–1992). movie. around £25. Eng. and Common-People of Ireland concerning the Brass Half-Pence coined by Mr. Lambert (1869– 1949). Eng.” This parodied Almanzor’s: “He who dares love. Annie McGlinchy. it is said. caricaturing the knight errant Almanzor in Dryden’s The Conquest of Granada (1670). The actress took her name from her Irish father. The profit on the patent would have been. 1724: “Whereas a Wicked and Malicious Pamphlet. Intituled. knowing this. née Dalton. Drapier. and for that love must die. Dranmor: Ferdinand von Schmid (1823–1888). and the next one provoked the follow- Dragonet • Dressler ing proclamation from the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland. novelist. Drapier: Jonathan Swift (1667–1745). Eng. The first pamphlet was titled A Letter to the Shop-Keepers. / And. Swiss poet. Fr. / And. Br.S. U. Sonia Dresdel: Lois Obee (1908–1976). Louise Dresser: Louise Kerlin (1878–1965). dated October 27.S. U. Br.” Sir Alexander Drawcansir: Henry Fielding (1707–1754). when she ran away from home at 14 to join a traveling stock theater company. The name itself puns on “Almanzor. writer of horror fiction. Can.S. Frances Drake: Frances Dean (1908–2000).. and Swift published four letters prophesying ruin to the Irish if “Wood’s halfpence” were admitted into circulation. Her mother. U. with “Crescent” meaning “The Growing. Charlie Drake: Charles Edward Springall (1925–2006). Buckingham’s Drawcansir has only three lines in the play. dares yet love on. movie actress. Duke of Buckingham’s farcical comedy The Rehearsal (1672).S. Jamaican reggae DJ. Jr. Fielding used the pseudonym as editor of The Covent-Garden Journal (1752).153 Edward Dragonet see S.000.” Alfred Drayton: Alfred Varick (1881–1949). dancer. Dre: Andre Ramelle Young (1965–). playwright.-born U. Alfred Drake. “the longest in Jamaica.. movie actor. The actor adopted his mother’s maiden name early in his career.” while perhaps also implying someone who likes to draw a can of liquor. stage.B. was Scottish. U. Charles Drake: Charles Ruppert (1914–1994). Samuel Drake: Samuel Drake Bryant (1768– 1854).S. dares yet drink on. Hastings Draper see Roderic Graeme M. U.” The musician was named after his Rastafarian dreadlocks.. actor-manager.B. U. A “nonce” pseudonym adopted by the author of Gulliver’s Travels. We will give the necessary orders for the Payment of Three Hundred Pounds Sterling. and for that drink dares die. stage. An early name used by the singer was Rita Rio.000. . songwriter.S. comic singer. movie actress. as she wrote in her autobiog- . Dona Drake: Rita Novella (1920–1989). The change was necessary because. cleric. Farmers. The letters were effective. That in Order to Discover the Author of the Said Seditious Pamphlet. and this she sold to one William Wood for £10. Rade Drajnac: Radojko Jovanovic (1899–1943). Lydia Dreams: Walter H. stage singer. Serbian writer. by M. movie actor. The original Drawcansir was the burlesque tyrant in George Villiers. satirist.&c. Dr. in which are contained several Seditious and Scandalous Paragraphs highly Reflecting upon His Majesty and His Ministers. dancer. Smith Crescent Dragonwagon: Ellen Zolotow (1952–). and the government was forced to abandon the plan and to compensate Wood. am I. ventriloquist. Ir. children’s writer. movie actress..S. movie actress. Tom Drake: Alfred Alderdice (1918–1982).” She has also written as Ellen Parsons. drag artist. Eng. The overt “maleness” of the actor’s new names may have been intended for his “boy next door” roles of the 1940s. It. Woods.” Carl Dreadstone: John Ramsey Campbell (1940–). “toaster. movie actor. written in the guise of a Dublin draper (which Swift elected to spell “drapier”).1958–). TV. knowing this. black “gangsta” rapper. Mexican singer. Eng..S. Dranem: Armand Ménard (1869–1935). am I. Author of the Letters to the Shopkeepers. movie actress. He used the name for The Drapier’s Letters (1724).S. stage comedian. U. Fabia Drake: Fabia Ethel McGlinchy (1904– 1990). Tradesmen. comedienne. journalist. The future songwriter changed his name to Dresser when he ran away from home to join a traveling show at age 16.-born U.S. Paul Dresser: John Paul Dreiser. He began his career with the screen name Richard Alden. Br. of which two are: “He that dares drink. A Letter to the whole People of Ireland. A simple reversal of the entertainer’s name. from an aunt.

Dryasdust: [Sir] Walter Scott (1771–1832). Clark used other names.S.” John Dryden see Fenton Brockley Leo Dryden: George Dryden Wheeler (1862– 1939). movie actor. John Drinkrow: Michael John Drinkrow Hardwick (1924–1991).A. himself named after a monument associated with the Druids. The writer used this name for his publications on rugby football. Doggrel Drydog: Charles Clark (1806–1880). Br. sister of Peter Marshall. Reginald Drew see Reginald Wray Richard Dreyfuss: Richard Stephen Dreyfus (1947–). Sieur du Baudrier: Jonathan Swift (1667–1745). scholar. local historian.F. Dixon first wrote for the Sporting Magazine as “General Chassé. U. The singer’s adopted name reflected his background as a teacher in a backwoods high school. Fr. pp. (2) Robert Bridges (1858–1941).000 so-called “typetracts” published in the 1960s and 1970s. painter. The writer chose the name for three books of verse about the Hebrides. Br. Dryasdust. Jonas Dryasdust.” but then adopted the name by which he became familiar to his readers. Br. singer. author. U.S. U. Jimmy Driftwood: James Corbett Morris (1907–1998). Bill Drummond: William Butterworth (1953–). priest. sporting writer. U. satirist. play producer. black blues musician. from the Scottish word (related to English “borough”) for a round stone castle. Joanne Dru: Joanne Letitia La Cock (or La Coque) (1923–1996). Dromio: William John Townsend Collins (1868–1952). Alice Dubois: Louise de Bettignies (1880–1918). actor. Thomas Hood the Younger. Swift used the name for his New Journey to Paris (1711). The Benedictine monk used this lowercase initialism for over 1. singer. Charles William Duckett. and Quintin Queerfellow.S. poet. Joanne La Cock performed as Joanne Marshall. rock guitarist. Fr. U. poet.” while the “Introductory Epistle” to The Fortunes of Nigel (1822) is from “Captain Clutterbuck to the Reverend Dr.–born Br. Ivor Drummond see Rosalind Erskine Dryasdust see M. Drexler see Mark Carrel Étienne Drian: Étienne Adrien (1885–1961). this last for A Doctor’s “Do”-ings.S. literary reference writer. rock musician.. The artist was a drummer before he became a singer. Sc. Dromio is a messenger in Shakespeare’s Comedy of Errors. movie actress. anyone called Letitia La Cock would have been welcomed rapturously at the [Andy] Warhol factory and could hardly fail to have been lit up with the Day-Glo camp of the name. Adam Drinan: Joseph Todd Gordon Macleod (1903–1984).Y. journalist. satirist. such as Chilly Charley. U. dsh: [Dom] Sylvester Houedard (1924–1992). Her invented name sounded much more plausible” [Thomson 2003. songwriter. Eng. mistress of novelist Victor Hugo. The Druid: Henry Hall Dixon (1822–1870). novelist. Eng. Halidom The Rev. Sc. The poet’s early pen name is a Celtic rendering of his surname. Driftin’ Slim: Elmon Mickle (1919–1977). D-Roc: Dennis L. Juliette Drouet: Julienne Gauvain (1806–1883). movie actress. Ir. raphy My Own Story (1934).. or to whom they are introduced. Nancy Drexel: Dorothy Kitchen (1910–). Argentinian novelist. Droch: (1) Robert Seymour Bridges (1844– 1930). Thus Ivanhoe (1820) mentions “the venerable name of Dr. Miles (1959–2004). country singer. The actress first adopted the screen name Erin Drew before becoming Ellen Drew. Br.S.S.S. farmer. radio newsreader.” Rugby is a game in which speed is of the essence. PeGas-Us.S. J. as is that of his American namesake. César Duayen: Ema de la Barra de Llanos (1861–1947). movie producer. “running. U. Eng. When a stage actress (briefly). a self-published satirical poem of racy content intended for private circulation. cleric. movie actress. Johnny Drummer: Thessex Johns (1938–). selecting the pseudonym because some of his ancestors had come from Drinan in the Isle of Skye. “It is a sign of the times that this . U. U. actress saw fit to change her name. harmonica player. Twenty years later. fashion illustrator. It may have been suggested by Stonehenge. Scott used this mock selfdeprecatory name for the person who introduces several of his novels.Drew • Dubois 154 the name of Dru from a Welsh ancestor after director Howard Hawkes encouraged her to change her name. The artist used this (male) name for her writing.” Ellen Drew: Esther Loretta Ray (1914–2003). or the entrapped Heiress of Witham (1848). S. his own name coming from Greek dromos. (Scottish Gaelic drochaid is “bridge. She selected .S. The author of books on Charles Dickens and Sherlock Holmes used this name for The Vintage Operetta Book (1972) and The Vintage Musical Comedy Book (1973). touring folk festivals and performing his own songs. actress. 253–4]. her father said he would “never drag the name of von Koerber through the mud by showing off behind the footlights. Dr. publisher.”) The poet also wrote as Broch. sporting writer. Eng. literary adviser. Edward Dryhurst: Edward Roberts (1904– 1989).

January 4. Welsh pop singer. storyteller. with Thomas alluding to the biblical Doubting Thomas. since she had always been called Duffy by schoolmates and friends. which he brandished over a kneeling abbé (representing the ecclesiastical writer and politician. T. down-to-earth statements. French general. Winehouse burst onto the music scene in 2003.S. Germaine Dulac: Charlotte Elisabeth Germaine Saisset-Schneider (1882–1942). In 1929 Duke returned to the States and in 1936 legalized the name on becoming an American citizen. dammit”). Inevitably. Thomas Duffle see Rev.. which first appeared in 1790 and which was the most successful periodical of the French Revolution. The host of the popular radio series Armchair Detective took his professional name from his birth town. “To which Duffy has a simple reply: she dropped her first name when she was 19. Dave Duddley: David Darwin Pedruska (1928– 2003). spy. antiquarian bookseller. The wording beneath this vignette was: “Je suis le véritable Père Duchesne. and is an anagram of croyant (“believer”). writer.. U. Dufresne: Abraham-Alexis Quinault (1693– 1767). humanist.S. Duck: Don Manley (1945–). actor. composer.-born Eng. . The singer is said to use her surname alone to avoid comparison with the controversial star Amy Winehouse. whose first name and voice are similar. In 1921 Dukelsky arrived in New York with his mother and brother and soon after met George Gershwin. He was portrayed at the head of Hébert’s paper. sculptor..S. Fr. writer. The name itself was that of a legendary Parisian character. U. director. The writer used the name for his Cymbalum Mundi (1537). political journalist. Père Duchesne: Jacques-René Hébert (1757– 1794). Doris Duke: Doris Curry (1945–). four satirical dialogues in the style of Lucian. the abbé Maury). Ducange Anglicus: Bernard Quaritch (1819– 1899).S. country singer.S.155 Fr. Jacques Duchesne: Michel Jacques Saint-Denis (1897–1971).-born Eng. U. well known long before the Revolution. Ernest Dudley: Vivian Ernest Coltman-Allen (1908–2006).” referring to the famous French historian and antiquarian Charles Du Fresne.. U. Fr. who encouraged him to write popular music and suggested the American version of his name. Raymond Duchamp-Villon: Raymond Duchamp (1876–1918). Fr. before executing an abrupt change of style and moniker” [Sunday Times. Clark Duffy: Aimée Duffy (1984–). Vernon Duke: Vladimir Aleksandrovich Dukelsky (1903–1969). U. movie actor. Eng.S. and sent by him to his friend Tryocan. Le Père Duchesne. movie director. It was officially suppressed. But the latter was also a pseudonym used by Des Périers.1500–1543). Arthur Dudley see Hans Werner Dave Dudley: David Pedruska (1928–). U. This was the nom de guerre under which the director headed a team that broadcast from London to their compatriots over the BBC’s French service during World War II.S. The two sides of Dukelsky’s musical personality evolved during a subsequent visit to Europe. actor. Br. Thompson (1937– 2005). foutre” (“I am the real Father Duchesne. Fr.. Russ. An obvious pseudonym for someone named Donald. and only one copy survived. adopting the name for his own persona and for the title of his journal. It appeared in book form under his real name two years later. seigneur Du Cange (1610–1688). Pete Duel: Peter Deuel (1940–1972). Fr. at first with a pipe in his mouth and a shag of tobacco in his right hand. actress. country musician. In 2004 Duffy released an EP of Welsh ballads under her full name. The work is an attack on the Christian faith and its liturgy and discipline. Not everyone has been persuaded by those arguments. stage actor. Fr. black soul singer. but later with mustaches and two pistols in his belt. Jacques François Dugommier: Jacques François Coquille (1736 or 1738–1794). Ger. Dudley. so that Vladimir Dukelsky composed classical music while Vernon Duke honed his skills as a popular songwriter. Fr.. near Birmingham. 2009]. Paul Ducelle: Carrie William Krogmann (1943–). The writer began his career as the author of a series of sacrilegious satires. The name means “English Ducange. whose name was synonymous with crude. Raoul Duke: Hunter S.-born U. Fr. Du Clévier is an anagram of French incrédule (“unbeliever”). and with the tobacco replaced by an ax. Thomas du Clévier: Bonaventure Des Périers (c. The maverick author submitted his seminal novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas to Rolling Stone magazine under this name in 1970. broadcaster. crossword compiler. The work was supposedly translated by du Clévier. composer. Dugazon: Jean-Baptiste-Henri Gourgaud (1746–1809). Duclos: Marie-Anne de Châteauneuf (1668–1748). his virulent leftism led his alter ego to the guillotine. Ducange Anglicus • Dulac Mlle. The sculptor was the brother of the artists Marcel Duchamp (1887– 1968) and Jacques Villon. The former governess adopted this cover name when working as an Allied agent in Germanoccupied Lille during World War I.

dancer. of Jewish parentage. Benson Dulay: William Dooley (1899–1991). natural son of the Marquis de la Pailleterie and Marie Cessette Dumas. His identically named son (1824–1895).-born U. illusionist. writer on the history of mathematics. novelist. writer. Johnny Dundee: Giuseppe Carrora (1893– 1965). Eng.S. Mlle. U. Washington. Br. tragic actress. Margaret Dumont: Marguerite Baker (1889– 1965). when he was advised to make his name sound more French. Dumpynose: Chris Brougham (1947–). A name created using letters from the writer’s original name.’ ‘To what?’ I asked. Trevor Duncan: Leonard Charles Trebilco (1924–). broadcaster. and it was his father. was also illegitimate. On discharge from the army in 1941. The next day he said Elaine Dundy. It. the poet combined his original surname and adopted first and middle names to form his regular name. comic stage. The future poet was adopted in the year of his birth by Edwin Joseph Symmes and Minnehaha Harris.-born U. Duncan see Carolyn Keene Maria-Theresa Duncan: Maria-Theresa Kruger (1895–1987). took her name. Fr. 2001]. legally adopted her name. playwright.S. actress. The author of The Three Musketeers (1844). Carrora was given his ring name by boxing manager William “Scotty” Montieth. featherweight boxer (“The Scotch Wop”).Dulay • Dunlap 156 She also wrote as Janet Sandison. writer.S. Br. ‘You should change it. Instantly I knew it was right.S.” Steffi Duna: Stephanie Berindey (1913–1992). ‘Your name doesn’t suit you. academic. organist.. after doing a scene. Carlotta Dumont: Clorinda Matto de Turner (1909–). The important thing was that it seemed to reflect the person I saw in the mirror” [Elaine Dundy. Ger. run by an Englishman of the same name. and six of her child pupils became known as the “Isadorables. Thomas-Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie. Elaine Dundy: Elaine Brimberg (1921–2008). Fr. The entertainer began his career as a comedy conjuror under the name Billy Dooley. Lighthearted. Baker first appeared appeared on the stage in minor singing and comedy roles under the name Daisy Dumont. like Irma Duncan.S. The writer took her new first name from her own middle name and her surname from the first name of her father. including Irma Duncan and Maria-Theresa Duncan. Jane Duncan: Elizabeth Jane Cameron (1910– 1976). Richard Duncan: Richard Duncan Rudin (1957–). The setter’s pseudonym does not allude to his appearance but is an appropriate anagram of “pseudonym. Isadora Duncan: Angela Duncan (1877–1927). Brazilian footballer. An occasional pseudonym ued by the scholar for some of his books. who adopted the name in 1786. He said he’d think about it and let me know tomorrow. known as Dumas père.S. U. Lawlor adopted this name as author of Letters to a Vice-Chancellor (1962). In 1946. movie actress. as a dedicated comedienne in Marx Brothers movies. ballet dancer. Ger. U. Cobb used this name for travel and adventure sketches that he contributed to the New York Ledger. Peruvian writer. Belg. dancer. Mr Jarvis looked at me thoughtfully .-born U. Charles François Dumouriez: Charles François Du Périer (1739–1823). U. choreographer. Robert Edward Duncan: Edward Howard Duncan (1919–1988). concert dancer.’ he said finally. crossword compiler. U. teacher. Fr. Later. David Dunham: David Eugene Smith (1860– 1944). she was regularly Margaret Dumont. movie actress. Henry Du Mont: Henry de Thier (1610–1684). who renamed him Robert Edward Symmes.. “One day. her mother’s maiden name.S. James Dundonald: John James Lawlor (1918– 1999). of which three. Br. Colonel Walter B.S. but then appeared in the revue Why Go to Paris?. U. novelist. (1823–1887). Julia K.S. author of La Dame aux camélias (1848). composer. Hung. Br. Duncan Cameron.” In 1920 she adopted all six. Professor of English Language and Literature at Keele University from 1950 to 1980. Life Itself!. Chris Dundee: Cristofo Mirena (1907–1998). fight promoter. poet. took his name from his West Indian grandmother. engineer and novelist Marie-Louis Albert-Dulac. Irma Duncan: Irma Dorette Henriette EhrichGrimme (1897–1977). whom she married in 1905. Dumesnil: Marie-Françoise Marchand (1712–1803). writer. Maria was trained by the dancer Isadora Duncan as a child and. known as Dumas fils. The dancer took her new first name in 1894. U.S. playful yet forceful. the future author of the bestselling The Dud Avocado (1958) and of a biography of Peter Finch (see his entry) entered the Jarvis Theatre School. popular composer. The actress adopted the name of her husband. a Scotsman. serious – I read all sorts of adjectives into it. . general. DC. Sc. Dunga: Carlos Bledorn Verri (1963–). Jr. Alexandre Dumas: Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie (1802–1870). like Maria-Theresa Duncan. took her name. Dunlap: Sylvanus Cobb. Irma was trained as a child by the dancer Isadora Duncan and.

writer. as Slavic dvor and German Hof both mean “court. whose stage name was Du Parc. The writer adopted her pseudonym in the 1940s from a wine-growing village near Bordeaux where her father had once owned a house.S. The emperor assumed his new name on his succession in 1907. Theodora Dutton: Blanch Ray Alden (1934–). Guru Dutt: Gurudatta Padukone (1925–1964). U. Mainly a cookbook writer. Dunville: Thomas Edward Wallen (1868– 1924). Vietnamese emperor.” counting “m” as “n” and losing the “y” in the process. stage. black dancer.S. Michael Dunn: Gary Neil Miller (1934–1973). dwarf movie actor. It means “reform. composer. The actress married a comic actor. The actress added the “e” to her name on entering show business in 1922. U. was billed as Baby Anna Lehr.-born U. Olav Duun: Ole Julius Raabye (1876–1939). movie actress. nutritionist. The actress adopted a family name on her mother’s side.S. to Boston. Hence the double “Oliphant. Norw. Diane Duval see Julie Bishop Enna Duval: Anne Hampton Brewster (1818– 1892). pianist. Kaye Dunn: Katherine Dunham (1909–2006). Don Durant: Donald Allison Durae (1932– 2005). Frank Duveneck: Frank Decker (1848–1919). René Berthelot (c. juvenile movie actor. In 1847 Smith moved from Lowell. as a child player. Leon Duray: George Stewart (1894–1956). Henry Fowle Durant: Henry Welles Smith Dunlap • Dwyer (1822–1991). Exploring Inner Space: Personal Experiences under LSD-25 (1961). Brewster used her pen name for the short stories that she began publishing in 1845. historical writer. novelist. Plessis entered fashionable society at the age of 18. (Margaret Wilson married her cousin. U. choreographer. U. The dancer sometimes used the pseudonym for her wrtten work. Ann Dvorak: Anna McKim (1911–1979). mistress of the dramatist Racine.S. Philip Hart Dunning : Philip Hart Dunn (?1891–1968). writer. Joseph Duveneck.S.157 Jane Dunlap: Adelle Davis (1904–1974). but Claire (1889) was “by the author of Vida. U. singer. U.S. music hall comedian. composer. née Wilson (1828–1897). a radical nationalist organization founded around the same time. Marguerite Duras: Marguerite Donnadieu (1914–1996). E. The actress juggled the letters of her fairly common first two names and came up with the more esoteric “Deanna. Michel Dvorsky: Josef Hofmann (1876–1957). Stewart adopted his new name as a tribute to fellow driver Arthur Duray (1882–1954). Henri Duvernois: Henry Schwabacher (1875– 1937). Francis Wilson Oliphant. but was alternately billed “Dunn” and “Dunne” until 1930. novelist. also a playwright. Dwyer see Leigh Nichols . the central character in Alexandre Dumas fils’ novel. Fr. U. racecar driver.S. novelist. actor. Sc. composer. French novelist. Marie Duplessis: Alphonsine Plessis (1824– 1847). Her fame and nickname made her the prototype for Marguerite Gautier. The artist adopted the name of his stepfather. “nobilizing” her name and sporting a corsage of fresh camellias on first nights at the Opéra. It equates to the original.” Deanna Dwyer see Leigh Nichols K. playwright.”) The pen name was used for Vida: The Story of a Girl (1880). movie actress. Pol.S. La Du Parc: Thérèse de Gorle (1633–1668). The musician used this name for compositions. etcher. Can.R. She abandoned the name in 1860. moviemaker. parentage.S.S. playwright. Jane Durrell see Jane Wyman Luc Durtain: André Nepveu (1881–1959). and in her earliest movies. where he was prompted to change his name in order to avoid confusion with 11 other lawyers named Smith. Davis took this name for a quite different book. U. U. Sc.” T. Eng. Massachusetts. TV actor. Swiss pianist. The writer used this name for his contributions to Blackwood’s Magazine. attorney. Fr.1630–1664). U. also of German origin. Duy Tan: Vinh San (1899–1945). Fr. actress. producer. movie director. David Durand: David Durrant (1921–). Augustus Dun-shunner: William Edmonstone Aytoun (1813–1865). Irene Dunne: Irene Marie Dunn (1898–1990). Ind. See also Bon Gaultier. so that a “dun-shunner” is someone who avoids debt collectors or creditors. of Ger. poet. U. playwright.” and as written in Chinese characters was the same as the name of the Duy Tan Hoi (“Reformation Society”). The writer modified his name in the 1920s in order to be distinguished from his brother.S. Caesar Dunn. La Dame aux camélias (1848). U. which in turn was the inspiration for Verdi’s opera La traviata (1853). A “dun” is a debt collector. Amy Dunsmuir: Margaret Oliphant Oliphant. movie actress. pianist. courtesan (“La Dame aux camélias”).S. Deanna Durbin: Edna Mae Durbin (1921–).S. U. She was the daughter of silent actress Anna Lehr. sculptor.S. Fr. singer. Jean Durand: Andrée Rochat (1900–?). painter. Born into a poverty-stricken home in Normandy.

The clearest answer he gave was that he originally wanted to call himself Dillion. 2001]. ‘Eager. black-on-black violence and feckless former lovers” [Sunday Times. The poet’s assumed name. Bob chose to spell the name differently” [Howard . Dyfed: Evan Rees (1850–1923). ‘Gene? Lonnie? Neither of those are suitable. movie cartoonist. A popular television show of the time. Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan. The singer was renamed in 1958 by manager and impresario Larry Parnes. Still. there was no Dillion in the family. Gilbert Dyce: Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald (1834–1925). Ms. percussionist. Most of the performers he liked had a name they adopted because it was catchy. In 1836. of East European Jewish origin. I’ve read some of Dylan Thomas’s stuff. Dyfnallt: [Rev. Welsh poet. featured a character named Matt Dillon. However. eccentric.’ Bob had a book under his arm and he showed it to Echo. August 18. the name Dillon was familiar to Bob.S. Vince Eager: Roy Taylor (1940–). The poet and archdruid took his bardic name from a favorite locality. It is uncertain when or why the actress changed the spelling of her surname. Anson Dyer: Ernest Anson-Dyer (1876–1962). Dynamite: Niomi McLean-Daley (1981–).’ When he told her. Dyce appended his forebear’s nickname to his own surname. The poet and archdruid took his bardic name from the ancient province (and former modern county) of Dyfed.” The notion persisted. One of the best-known football players in Minnesota was Bobby Dillon. Osip Dymov : Osip Isidorovich Perelmann (1878–1959). had served as a soldier in India. D-y-l-a-n. none of which tallies with the version his friends remember. novelist. I took the name Dylan because I have an uncle named Dillon. “In the spring of 1958 . Jewish writer. Armenian historical novelist. after an uncle of that name. like this.’ And so Vince Eager was born” [Vince Eager. Sheila E. Alternate accounts exist.] John Owen (1873–1956). The writer’s name is the Armenian equivalent of Terence (as for the Roman poet). Dyce’s great-grandfather. songwriter. like Matt Dillon?’ ‘No. which “fire broadsides at wife-beaters.S.Dyce • Eager 158 Sounes.. Adolf Dymsza: Adolf Baginski (1900–1975). That’s good. looked at me and said: ‘You’re a very eager young man aren’t you?’ ‘Am I?’ I asked. Pol. [His girlfriend] Echo met him in the yard.’ I heard Larry say to someone over the phone. that describes him.’ With that Larry put down the phone. you’ll be Eager. Bob drove up in his Ford convertible. Eng. ‘I don’t know. however.. What would you like for a first name. but only because it looked better. I changed the spelling. yes. 2002]. Walter Reinhard. Dzhivani: Serob Levonyan (1846–1909). and a family of that name owned a farm on Dillon Road. But Dylan Thomas cannot be ignored. Br. Russ. ‘Don’t you have a favourite singer?’ My liking for Gene Vincent and Lonnie Donegan met with an unfavourable silence. Eng. movie actor. “As Bob became more serious about his music it was clear to him that he needed a stage name. author of No Direction Home: The Life and Music of Bob Dylan (1986). Ir. no. ‘My brother’s middle name is also Vincent. Dzerents: Ovsep Shishmanyan (1822–1888). But he has flatly denied this: “No.: Sheila Escovedo (1959–). prompting Dylan to ask Robert Shelton. “‘He seems very eager to get on. working in U. no.’ said Larry. I’ll call him Eager. black hip-hop.]. stage actress. He was excited. ‘I’ve got my name. Vince Eager. singer. Dylan adopted the name legally in 1962. and Bob has given several confusing statements. Vince Eager’s Rock n’ Roll Files. ‘That’s very good. soul singer. ‘I know what my name’s gonna be now. p.. no. I like Roy. James Dillon was one of the earliest settlers of [Dylan’s boyhood town] Hibbing.. It is usually said that Dylan adopted the name of the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914–1953) because he admired him. where he was nicknamed “Sombre” for his constantly serious or somber expression. songwriter. no.S. There has been much speculation over how Bobby Zimmerman became Bob Dylan.’ he said. where he was born. ‘Do you mean. to “straighten out in your book that I did not take my name from Dylan Thomas” [Dolgins.’ ‘No. U. David Ochterlony Dyce-Sombre: David Ochterlony Dyce (1808–1851). and it’s not the same as mine. 2007]. ‘What about Vince? Short for Vincent.’ replied Larry.S. U.’ enquired Larry. Echo asked. Gunsmoke. meaning “handsome. Any or all of these associations could have brought the name to his attention. rock singer.” Bob Dylan: Robert Allen Zimmerman (1941–). on inheriting a large legacy through his family’s maternal line. Eng. In truth. The name itself means “deep wood. and Zimmerman was not that. Larry.’ A smile of approval greeted my suggestion. U.’ replied Larry . Welsh poet. ‘Yes. yes. pop singer. God. southwest Wales.” was originally his father’s nickname for him as a child. D-i-l-l-o-n. ‘Yes. Jeanne Eagels: Amelia Jean Eagles (?1894– 1929).74]. drug-dealers. It was a book of poems by the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas” [ibid. The name reflects the explosively expressed emotions of the singer’s lyrics. Armenian poet.’ I asked.

Johann Eck: Johann Maier (1486–1543). J. angular way in which he approached the guitar” [Dave Bowler and Bryan Dray. Edmund Campion (1540–1581). black “gangsta” rapper. although it was a very appropriate description of the original.S. The U2 musician is said to have been named by the group’s lead singer. blues guitarist.–born Israeli diplomat. The Israeli foreign minister’s father died when he was only a few months old. dramatist. Whatever the origin. movie actor. The Eagle • Edouin singer changed the spelling of his name as a young adult at the suggestion of a nightclub owner. Damon Edge: Thomas Wise (1950–1995).S. Br.L. U. He was sometimes also known by the surname Hunt. Martin Luther’s leading Roman Catholic opponent adopted his name early in his theological career from his native village of Eck (or Egg). The Edge: David Evans (1961–). rock musician. William Edmunds: William Weston (?1550– 1615). U. The celebrity adopted a whimsical version of her two first names for her professional name. Welsh rock guitarist. the first English theatrical periodical. U2: A Conspiracy of Hope. Ronnie Earl: Ronald Earl Horvath (1953–). dancer. The poet’s bardic name means simply “Ebenezer the bard. resulting in media reports that he had changed his name to Evans. The writer used this name for his fiction. “The name was apparently chosen because it matched the shape of his head. Further theories attribute the name to Evans’s position as an outsider in the band. black blues musician. popular singer. The actor. The writer adopted a more conventional name at the suggestion of her publisher on beginning her career as a historical novelist. Sir John Edgar: [Sir] Richard Steele (1672– 1729). Eng. The singer’s new surname was that of her first husband. comedian. After winning local talent shows. Eng. or to his love of walking on the edges of high walls and buildings. Eazy-E: Eric Wright (1963–1995). U. Eccles: Frank Hilton Brown (1926–1986). Jesuit. Eng. and Jake Logan. poet. the only Welshman among Irishmen. Brazilian footballer.S. SF writer. Eng.B. Ger. p. “stone. The Edge himself comments: “Just about everybody calls me Edge. born with a body that ended at the waist. The artist used this name for his contributions to the Daily Worker (later renamed Morning Star) from 1952. When Eban settled in Israel and became a politician he adopted the Hebrew word even. “Evans the Edge” has the ring of a typical Welsh nickname.S. 110]. bandleader.S. essayist. movie actress. exhibited himself as a “Living Half-Man” and starred in the classic horror movie Freaks (1932). army officer.S. U. immigration officers and the like” [Beech. Steele used this name as editor of The Theatre (1720). critic. Eng. performer. Some years later his mother married Isaac Eban. The ecclesiastic adopted his new name in 1575 as a tribute to his fellow Jesuit. Earl Sixteen: Earl Daley (1958–).S. theologian. But there are other explanations. 1993]. I’m only David Evans to people who don’t know me well. Wardore Edgy see Eduard Blutig Edílson: Edílson da Silva Ferreira (1970–). Br.” Buddy Ebsen: Christian Rudolph Ebsen (1908– 2003). U. Sc. née Stanley (1909– 2002). Moore G. Paul Edmonds see C. Easy Baby: Alex Randle (1934–). political leader.” though Wright. liked to claim it stood for “entrepreneur. rock singer. U. TV personality. Sandy Easton.” as his surname.S. S. Jamaican reggae musician. U. later Huffman (1934–). Sullivan Earle: [Sir] John William Kaye (1814– 1876). poet. Billy Eckstine: William Clarence Eckstein (1914–1993). U.C. Brazilian footballer. “E” stood for “Eric. Bono. Sheena Easton: Sheena Shirley Orr (1959–). Welsh poet. Virgil Earp see Wes Hardin Rachel East see Rebecca West Edward Eastaway: Edward Thomas (1878– 1917). poet. Barbara Eden: Barbara Jean Moorhead. Daley embarked on his fulltime musical career at age 16. Gast. U. Edmílson: Edmílson José Gomes de Moraes (1976–). political cartoonist. SF writer. short-story writer. writer. essayist. Jean Earle: Doris Burge. who in 1985 set up his own record company with profits from drug dealing. of Welsh parentage. Guatemalan-born U. Rosemary Edghill: Eluki Bes Shahar (1956–). Thomas used this name for a collection of poems published posthumously in 1917. after a hardware store that the latter passed on his way into Dublin city center.A. Jenny Eclair: Jennifer Claire Hargreaves (1960–). Eng. civil servant. Masterson. writer. Edmondson: José Mario Garry Ordonez Edmondson y Cotton (1922–). Edmondson wrote westerns under the names Kelly P.S. Johnnie Eck: John Eckhart (1909–1991).” Abba Eban: Aubrey Solomon Meir (1915– 2002). Eben Fardd: Ebenezer Thomas (1802–1863). Willie Edouin: William Frederick Bryer (1846– .S. who thought his name looked too Jewish. or The Edge if it’s a formal occasion.159 Solomon Eagle: [Sir] John Collings Squire (1884–1958).

U.-born U. Blake Edwards: William Blake McEdwards (1922–). biographer. journalist.” the latter being the historic region of northeast Wales where the poet was born.S. 2005]. The engineer’s father immigrated from Germany to Paris.” pronounced in French as in English. parentage. U. novelist. Ehedydd Iâl: William Jones (1815–1899). Some sources give the filmmaker’s original name as William Blake Crump. Fr. Ir. (On the one occasion he refused to back it. Ger. while for “Wagons West” and “White Indian. . John Edwin Bryer. It. daughter of Hi-Regan. entertainer. Br. U. The writer adopted his pseudonym as his official name in 1947. journalist. H. Kasimir Edschmid: Eduard Schmid (1890– 1966). based on the Greek island of Aegina (Italian Egina) (see Aglauro Cidonia). Fr. Comante Eginetico: Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni (1692–1768). and lived under the name until his death” [Matthew Sweet. Werner Egk: Werner Mayer (1901–1983).L. U.S. Ger. Freiherr von Ompteda (1863–1931). in 1891 Dunne married a Canadian. writer. it means “little church. Jamaican reggae singer. Eng. An initialism. stage. Shepperton Babylon.-Welsh parentage.” Eha: Edward Hamilton Aitken (1851–1909). “F. and “Edouin” from the middle name of his father. poet. movie actor. Penny Edwards: Millicent Edwards (1928– 1998). and an affair with the Norwegian writer Knut Hamsun. U. appeared in Hepworth’s films as Henry Edwards. then in 1901 Reginald Golding Bright (1874–1941). Jean.-born novelist. Egerton Clairmonte. comic actor. The name overall was shorter than the original.H. H.M. Br. children’s writer. Gus Edwards: Gustave Edward Simon (1881– 1945). Ger. Fr. essayist. Henry Edwards: Ethelbert Edwards (1882– 1952). Lesley Egan see Dell Shannon Willie Egans: Willie Lee Egan (1933–2004). Eng. Eifion Wyn: Eliseus Williams (1867–1926).. The name means “lark of Iâl. the Rhineland region of Eifel (as it is now usually spelled). it naturally won. Leon Phillips. John Eglinton: William Kirkpatrick Magee (1868–1961).S. and Carter A. who originally had the same surname.S. Eglwysbach: John Evans (1840–1897). writer on India. Melville (died 1889).W. His son kept the German name until 1880. 1908). Her pen name derives from her mother’s maiden name and the first name of her Canadian husband. Austral. In the Convention he voted for the death of Louis XVI. pulp-magazine writer. Vaughan. France. parentage. writer. After eloping to Norway in 1887 with a married American. “Ethelbert Edwards. of Sc. director. Eng.S.S. Other pen names were Ann Marie Burgess. engineer. Chrissie White. a successful stage actor who had given over 600 performances as the hero of Robin Hood. and so more suitable for signatures on his cartoons. Edwards is said to have been given his new first name by British producer-director Cecil Hepworth. adding as a memento the name of his home country. duc d’Orléans (1747–1793). Aptly. he was respectively Dana Fuller Ross and Donald Clayton Porter Vince Edwards: Vincenzo Edoardo Zoino (1928–1996). The duke assumed his (literally) egalitarian name in order to court the favor of the people when he became Deputy for Paris (1792) in the Convention Nationale. Egbert: Victor Rousseau Emanuel (1879– 1960). Eek A Mouse: Ripton Joseph Hylton (1957–). “Willie” from his own first name. of Ir. movie comedian. movie actress. The Naked Maja (1759) and 55 Days at Peking (1963). movie producer. Welsh poet. R&B singer.Edric • Eifion Wyn 160 Philippe Egalité: Louis Philippe Joseph.S. opera. songwriter. statesman. George Egerton: Mary Chavelita Dunne (1857– 1945). natural history. U. poet. Michael Burgess.) Jean Effel: François Lejeune (1918–1982). of It.S. The name is that of the village in Denbighshire (now Conwy) where the Wesleyan minister was born. U. Hylton took his name from a racehorse on which he frequently lost money. writer. but was himself executed the following year. writer. Gerson adopted several pseudonyms for the various facets of his prolific output. Neely Edwards: Cornelius Limbach (1883 or 1889–1965). only nine years before the Universal Exposition of 1889 for which the famous Eiffel Tower was built. Samuel Edwards: Noel Bertram Gerson (1914– 1988). Aunt Effie: Jane Euphemia Browne (1811–1898). Albert Edwards: Arthur Bullard (1879–1929). in around 1710. Welsh preacher. U. The artist’s new surname represented his initials. So much for egalitarianism. novelist.” two series for juvenile readers. Paul Lewis. Gustave Eiffel: Gustave Bonickausen (1832– 1923).S. movie actor. Robert Edric: Gary Edric Armstrong (1956–). Eng. including this one for two novels. The musician apparently adopted his name as a tribute to Johann Eck. cartoonist. Georg Egestorff: Georg. This was the poet’s Arcadian pseudonym. ballet-music composer. He preceded this with the most common French forename. who also renamed the actor’s wife. his cousin.

elected in 1989.. short-story writer. singer of Cockney songs. which passed off pretty well . U. Eng... The musician married in 1807 and accompanied her husband to Portugal. The writer adopted the name of a 13th-century Welsh court poet. Welsh journalist. writer. London]. Eifionydd • Elidora Elf yn: Robert Owen Hughes (1858–1919). Welsh poet. .. alas! no more than a name. novelist. The writer took his name from his birthplace. adventurer.” in the late 1980s. dated July 30. I clapt down the name of Elia to it. Iranian singer. Einhart: Heinrich Class (1868–1953). Jamaican dancehall musician. Elfed: Howell Elvet Lewis (1860–1953). movie actress. Fr. the Great Zeus In His Bed Of Pain. of Welsh affinity. meaning “envoy of the people. painter. writer. the artist adopted her new name after undergoing a gender reassignment operation. which appeared in the London Magazine in 1820–23. editor. and found him. music-hall artist. senior partner in the firm of Taylor and Hessey. 1821. circus fakir. Eng. northwest Wales. “Wyn” means “white.” a story of Texas border life published in 1845. The musician adopted the nickname given him for his large ears. was a fellow clerk of mine at the South-Sea House [head office of the South Sea Company. Publishers. thirty (not forty) years ago . so the name has fairly devolved to me. since he habitually spoke English to his Welsh-speaking friends. U. Eilir: William Eilir Owen (1852–1910).” Compare the next name below. Elangovan: T.S. TV actress.K. Abulfaz Elchibey: Abulfaz Kadyrgula-ogly Aliyev (1938–2000). 1978]. writer. Azerbaijani nationalist leader. pianist. ed. stage actress. Florence Eldridge: Florence McKechnie (1901– 1988). Eng. Vulcan the fire-eater. as a painter and fire-eater. and doubting how he might relish certain descriptions in it.” Elidir Sais: William Hughes Jones (1885–1951). Eilian’s church”).” “pure. Eifionydd: John Thomas (1848–1922). eleven months ago . Ger. Elerydd: William John Gruffydd (1916–). Wilkins Eimi: Charles Wilkins Webber (1819–1856).. Elfynydd: James Kenward (fl.” from his exile in that country.. hymnwriter.1834–1868).” “fair. model. to John Taylor. Welsh literary critic. Swe. only drawing on his full repertoire of effects when the previous fakir got bitten by a bear” [Sunday Times. October 8. The name is a stock one for fake fakirs. The Works of Charles Lamb.S. The name is now usually pronounced “Eelia. as were many other poets. Welsh poet. Russ. Welsh poet. U. composer. a person of that name. Elephant Man: O’Neil Bryan (1977–). Ind. editor. Geidar Aliyev..S. Carmarthenshire. “In a letter. The poet and archdruid took his bardic name from his native village of Cynwyl Elfed.. an Italian. Eng. It was his father who gave him the name El Hakim when he was 18. the village of Llaneilian (“St. movie director. The writer’s name is presumably a local placename. El Hakim: Barry Walls (1937–). His own name meant “Elidir the Englishman. The writer first used the name in his Essays of Elia. Webber used this name for “Shot in the Eye. famous for its literary and cultural associations. The actress assumed her father’s third name as her stage name. I think’” [Thomas Hutchinson. I went the other day (not having seen him for a year) to laugh over with him at my usurpation of his name. Nikolay Ekk: Nikolay Vladimirovich Ivakin (1902–1976). scriptwriter. Lamb related the circumstances under which he came to adopt the nom de guerre of Elia. of Fleet St. Born male.” The entertainer used other names for his various acts. Carmen Electra: Tara Leigh Patrick (1972–).161 Welsh poet.. poet. assumed his new name. stage actress. Dan. working in U. Lile Elbe: Einar Wegener (1886–1931). Elia: Charles Lamb (1775–1834). Welsh poet. It was itself named for the 5th-century ruler Eifion.” C. The writer took his name from the historic region of Eifionydd. 1908]. ‘The fact is. Welsh poet. and is Arabic for “the wise one. where she assumed her pseudonym. but had left it like myself many years. and I having a brother now there. The Human PinCushion. Jones was originally so called by way of a nickname. Avril Elgar: Avril Williams (1932–). Elaheh: Bahar Gholam Hosseinin (1934–2007). writer. Donna Elidora: Caroline Wuiet (Vuyet) (1766– 1835). In Welsh folklore. poet. “Barry turns the pages of his scrap-book — a catalogue of his sundry disguises: Sai-Wen the illusionist. Threadneedle Street. Gus Elen: Ernest Augustus Elen (1862–1940). Elfyn or Elffyn ap Gwyddno is the character who fostered the legendary 6th-century poet Taliesin as a child. The poet took his bardic name from the historic region of Eifionydd where he was born. Psychos. The first president of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The poet’s bardic name means “butterfly. He was succeeded in 1993 by his namesake. that and Otaki are the only pseudonyms he has used since joining the circus seven years ago. Britt Ekland: Britt-Marie Eklund (1942–). Anglesey. John Eilian: John Tudor Jones (1904–1985). for he died . Class used this name for his nationalistic work Deutsche Geschichte (“German Story”) (1908).S. Thanikachalam (1913–1971).. Eng.

S. jazz musician. Wendy and Lisa. Henry Ellen: James Barron Hope (1829–1887). 1986]. Lisa Lisa. She first used the name for her novel Scenes of Clerical Life (1858). 1992]. If George Eliot fails.” . 1885]. Austral. working in England. Port. essayist. organist. The writer took her male first name from her lover. Eng. short-story writer. The singer was nicknamed “Cass” by her father after the Trojan prophetess Cassandra (see Cassandra). Welsh novelist. [Sir] John Elliot: John Elliot Blumenfeld (1898–1988). railroad manager. Austral. composer. poet. then. Lebenskämpfe und Lebensfriede (“Life Struggles and Life Peace”) (1865). Don Elliott: Don Elliott Helfman (1926–1984). novelist.S. playwright.S. or. Gräfin von Arnim-Schlagenthin. It. U. poet. October 4. poet..” Eliza: Elizabeth Carter (1717–1806).S. Russ. Elkan: Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911). she might have wished to avoid the condescension of male critics towards female writers.” [Sunday Times Magazine. philosopher and writer George Henry Lewes (1817–1878). George Eliot. mouth-filling.”) Hence his pen name. This certainly suited the most prolific jazz musician of the 20th century. George Eliot’s Life as Related in her Letters and Journals. Ger. Jewish poet. She liked the name. She leaves parental authority. Cross. Elizabeth: (1) Mary Annette. Bulg.S. U. “Why. Elisa: Lisa Barbuscia (1970–). The musician created her pseudonym from the first syllables of her first two names.. Elin-Pelin: Dimitar Ivanov Stojanov (1877– 1949). A more persuasive cause is that she had already created a body of intellectual work in her journalism that she chooses to exempt from the new and risky creative venture of novel writing. apparently basing it on that of the concert director John Ella (1802–1888). American banker John Walter Cross: “George was Mr. author. George Eliot: Mary Anne (later Marian) Evans (1819–1880).W. Hence his Arcadian name. The writer’s pen name is the Hebrew form of her Russian first name (English Elizabeth). Max Eliot: [Mrs. poet. Eliodd: Elisabetta Oddone Sulli-Rao (1878– 1972). parentage. Filinto Elísio: [Fr.B. pop singer. (2) Mary Elizabeth Jenkin (1892–1979)..S. he had changed his name by deed poll in 1922. The name was used by other women writers called Elizabeth. The Virgins-Offering (1652). The countess assumed her mother’s first name for her novels. meaning “Elysium.’ She chooses her own patronymic. taking his second forename as his surname” [Dictionary of National Biography]. journalist... née Beauchamp (1866–1941). Lisa Stansfield. The singer may have taken her stage name from the English singer and dancer G. Hope adopted this name for poems published in the Southern Literary Messenger and other periodicals. U. black jazz musician. Eng. Ellis (?–1911).. who had a similar act (but varied it with chocolatecolored makeup. Hence the choice of something a little more original. Cass Elliot: Ellen Naomi Cohen (1941–1974). U.. U. Stojanov’s stories express the bitterness of his time. Elisheva: Yelizaveta Ivanovna Zirkova (1888– 1949). The singer began her career as a model. Cass herself took the name Elliot to honor a friend who had been killed in an auto accident.. K. writer. U.. Eng..–Ir.] Anna M. blackface comedienne.S. including the unidentified author of Eliza’s Babes. and it occurs in the title of her best-known work. singer.. “Knowing the disadvantage of having a German name. with Elin a jingling prefix. The writer’s pen name means “Ellis of the brook. Marian Evans remains intact. For the time being. Elizabeth and Her German Garden. Lisa Marie. of Puerto Rican/It.] Francisco Manuel do Nascimento (1734–1819). The prolific composer added the name Ellerton around 1845. Her comment on her new name: “It’s like a plague of Lisas out there .H. Lewes’s Christian name. did George Eliot adopt a male pseudonym? Like Currer Bell .Elin-Pelin • Elliott 162 Elis o’r Nant: Ellis Pierce (1841–1912). Elliott (1884–1962). As she later explained to her husband. who himself wrote as Slingsby Lawrence. and Eliot was a good. easily pronounced word” [J. Chick Elliott: Violet Wooll (1900–?). meaning “wormwood” (Bulgarian pelin). philosopher. She may have also been influenced by the new first name of George Sand. She ‘makes a name for herself. as a nickname for a smart or accomplished person. pop singer..-born Br. Eng. Duke Ellington: Edward Kennedy Ellington (1899–1974). (He has been called a “singer of rural wretchedness. Br. she casts the ‘author’ as a male origin for the text” [Gillian Beer. Dilthey used this name for an early work. Lisa M. Ella: Margaretta Van Wyck Bleecker Faugères (1771–1801). and at first sang as Lisa B.S. John Lodge Ellerton: John Lodge (1801–1873). U. working in Palestine. as distinct from conventional black). composer. children’s radio producer. drama critic. “Duke” has long been used in the U. Elisio was the last of the Portuguese Neoclassical poets and a member of the literary society known as the Arcádia Lusitana. especially one who dresses and behaves stylishly. later Countess Russell. published anonymously in 1898.

screenwriter. who wished to enable him to devote his life to study and research” [Dictionary of National Biography]. poet. with its subtle suggestion of Greek Kyrie eleison. movie actor. Fr. Dermot studied acting with Dion Boucicault. with subsequent parts under either of these names or as William Elliott. Geoffrey Rudolph Elton: Gottfried Rudolf Otto Ehrenberg (1921–1994). He did not disappoint. Anthony Elton: Anthony Williams (1935–). Alexander Gauge. Thayer adopted this name. director. Ramblin’ Jack Elliott: Elliott Charles Adnopoz (1931–). The Tudor historian. movie actress.S. in World War II. . movie actor. but of course it didn’t at all. Eng.S. have mercy. Martin Elmer: Robert Carl Berg (1930–). “Lord. March 3. She also wrote as Ellis Ethelmer. jazz trumpeter. Jack Elton Williams. John Fanshawe Ellis see Speranza Mary Ellis: Mary Elsas (1897–2003).S. folksinger. Dan.S. née Lindholm (1932–2005). author. U.S. 2001]. to take the rather more glamorous name of Cary Ellison. Now I’m stuck with it” [The Times. novelist. Alice Thomas Ellis: Anna Margaret Haycraft. stage actress. who gave the name of Elfyn.S. The musician adopted the middle name of his father.S. black pop. He was Bill Elliott in the early 1940s. advertising copywriter. then Wild Bill Elliott. U. The Sin Eater (1977). movie actress.S. theatrical talent scout. U.S. stage.: Tiffany Ellsworth Thayer (1902–1959). The entertainer’s new surname (rhyming with “melting”) came from a boyhood friend in Butte. James Ellison: James Ellison Smith (1910–1994). changed his name to Elton in 1944. Ellyay: Serafim Romanovich Kulachikov (1904–1976). journalist. composer. Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliott: Melissa Elliott (1971–). when he was advised by a fellow actor. Cary Ellison: Ellison Bayles (1915–2002). vaudeville artist. Isobel Elsom: Isobel Reed (1893–1981).” a prayer in the Roman Mass. allegedly given him by Atlantic City showgirls in mocking response to his high aspirations for a showbusiness career. sister of Maxine Elliott.S. U. “He adopted the name of Ellis by royal license in 1825 in consequence of the bequest of a relative. A name concocted from the first half of the writer’s original first name and second part of her surname. Grain d’aile (“Wing Seed”) (1951). The actress first assumed her stage name for her part in The Idol’s Eye (1897). Russ. Elton.163 Gertrude Elliott: May Gertrude Dermot (1874– 1950). Belg. U. writing in Flemish. Br. writing as simply G. Ziggy Elman: Harry Aaron Finkelman (1914– 1968). and Master Robinson Elphin: Robert Arthur Griffith (1860–1936).” He was “ramblin’” because he was constantly traveling. working in U. historian.S. Eng. Elsschot used his real name for a book about Stijn Streuvels.R. is about a young girl of this name. a phonetic variant of his original name.S. U. U. for a number of novels. Ger. stage actress. Montana. U. Br. bandleader. “Elman” came from his original surname. William (“Wild Bill”) Elliott: Gordon Nance (1903–1965). His only children’s book. Laura Elliott see Kasey Rogers Maxine Elliott: Jessica Dermot (1869–1940). The writer published her first novel. Leslie Elphinstone: Sidney Leslie Elphinstone Ollif (fl. He also wrote as John Doe. writer. published in 1908. of the Ziegfeld Follies. Belle Elmore see Mr. U. novelist. under an Army Council Instruction. Welsh poet. U.-born Eng. Elliott • Éluard Grace Elliston: Grace Rutter (1878–1950). Elmer Ellsworth. Willem Elsschot: Alfons de Ridder (1882– 1960). E. Jr. singer. The musician’s nickname “Ziggy” is said to have come from the name of entertainment impresario Florenz Ziegfeld.S. stage actress. Grindel adopted his maternal grandmother’s name as his pen name. R&B singer. who married the English actor Johnston Forbes-Robertson (see under Bryan Forbes). Eng. essayist. Julian Eltinge: William Julian Dalton (1883– 1941). U. pianist. (Yakut) poet. under this name “to make myself anonymous. Patricia Ellis: Patricia Gene O’Brien (1916– 1970). as his new surname. Paul Éluard: Eugène-Émile Paul Grindel (1895–1952). The singer was embarrassed by his family name and at first called himself Buck Elliott before adopting the more homely “Jack. U. female impersonator. The poet’s bardic name is a variant spelling of Elfyn or Elffyn. novelist. The western star was long billed as Gordon Elliott in movies of the 1920s and 1930s. and devised her stage name with his help. Her younger sister was the actress Gertrude Elliott. Robert Ellis: Robert Ellis Reel (1892–1974).S. Alexander John Ellis: Alexander John Sharpe (1814–1890). U. The writer changed his name in 1953 to Robert Cecil Martin Elmer Berg. his father’s first and middle names. Surrealist poet. Eng. then adopted the third and fourth of these names. movie actor. Br. The talent spotter began his career on the stage himself. movie actress. 1910). Ellis: Elizabeth Wolstenholme-Elmy (1834– 1913). philologist.

arise. nationalist. U. The activist adopted his nickname. poet. writer. a name that he says “just popped into my head” and is his “dark. The dancer’s professional name is that of her English husband. Welsh poet. for the day draweth nigh. Austr. representing his initials (M. parentage.S. elpida (“hope”). Eng. political cartoonist. U. He asserted that in 1551 he heard a voice say ‘Ely. He later served General Charles Gordon in Khartoum as medical officer. Louis Emerick: Louis Emerick Grant (1953–). TV actor. Emin Pascha: Eduard Schnitzer (1840–1892).S. Pol. which displays a curiously all–American enthusiasm for dynastic lineage given that he never knew his father” [Sunday Times. U. evil. TV actor. and he was subsequently promoted to the rank of pasha.). Compare the next entry below. Armenian poet. movie actor. eleutheria (“freedom”). Ron Ely: Ronald Pierce (1938–). revolutionary. Br. nun. Ely: (1) Elisha Hall (fl. poet.Elvey • Emu 164 and obvious origin is surely the right one: “‘Eminem’ comes from the initials of his real name. While serving the Ottoman governor of Albania in 1870–4. Marshall Mathers III. ballet dancer. Sp. The poet’s bardic name is the Welsh equivalent of his English name (literally “Ambrose son of John”). Hall. Welsh poet. humanitarian. The rabbi took his name from the city in which he served four years. It. religious poet. 2001]. p. who was both priest (St. explorer. Fr. Ger. movie director. Jacob Israel Emden: Jacob ben Zebi (1697– 1776). The writer used this name. a self-declared prophet. Peter. presumably for purposes of distinctiveness. The sea is a common motif in the works of Elytis. Schnitzer adopted a Turkish mode of living and took the Islamic name Mehmed. Emin meaning “honorable. But the former . playwright. 1562). rabbi. In 1878 Gordon appointed him governor of Equatoria with the title of bey. Pierre Emmanuel: Noël Jean Mathieu (1916– 1984). His new surname has a range of modern Greek allusions: Hellas (“Greece”). The controversial performer is said to have derived his stage name not simply from his initials (“M and M”) but “from his cannabis-induced cravings for the M&M sweet” [Sunday Times. The poet changed his name as a young man to dissociate himself from the family soap business. Aus- Maurice Elvey: William Seward Folkard (1887– 1967). “On his appearance in London he was brought before Grindal. Father Emmerich: Johann Anton Sinelli (or Sennel) (1622–1685). Eminem: Marshall Bruce Mathers III (1972–). His adopted name comes from his first name.” Caveat Emptor see Caveat Emptor Emrys: William Ambrose (1813–1873). for his contributions to L’Illustrazione italiana. Christ as the coming Messiah). playwright. athlete.S. The writer chose a name that epitomized the role he envisaged for a poet. Talmudic scholar. Harold Elvin.P. (2) Adam Asnyk (1838–1897). Gevorg Emin: Karlen Grigoryevich Muradyan (1919–). dramatist. Emu: William Henry Dyson (1880–1938).” “trustworthy. Mihail Eminescu: Mihail Eminovici (1850– 1889). bishop of London. army officer.S. Ger. Rom. Violetta Elvin: Violetta Prokhorova (1925–).” Emma: Emilia Ferretti Viola (1844–1929). Odysseus Elytis: Odysseus Alepoudhelis (1911– 1996).’ and that in April 1552 he was absent from earth two days while he saw heaven and hell” [Dictionary of National Biography]. It. 2003]. Eng. Arnold Elzey: Arnold Elzey Jones (1816–1871). meaning “the stubborn one. impostor. essayist. colonial official. with whom she went to Britain in 1946. The artist’s fictional alter ego is Slim Shady. El Empecinado: Juan Martín Díaz (1775– 1825). and became known as Emin Effendi. novelist. Sœur Emmanuelle: Madeleine Cinquin (1908– 2008). Russ.S. movie actor. Jones dropped his surname in 1837 on being commissioned in the Second U.-Fr. black movie. parentage. Emrys ap Iwan: Ambrose Jones (1851–1906). of Br. (white) rapper. Emerson see Carolyn Keene Edwin Emerson see James Fenimore Cooper Adams Jane Emerson see Greta Garbo Gilbert Emery: Gilbert Emery Bensley Pottle (1875–1945). U. founder of the Christian church) and prophet (Emmanuel. Alice B. February 2. Artillery. a member of the British Embassy in Moscow. poet. of Belg. January 12. Br. watch and pray. claimed to write books by direct inspiration. Emmepì: Marco Praga (1862–1929). Heleni (“Helen”). the latter word being a title of respect (literally “master”) for an educated person. on 12 June 1562 for examination. Capuchin dignitary. Emmwood: John Bertram Musgrave-Wood (1915–1999). and al`t`s (“wanderer”). The poet adopted the Welsh equivalent of his surname as his bardic name. Hence his eventual name and title. stage. This last is the word used by Homer to describe Odysseus (for whom the poet was already named). working in Egypt. fanatic. Gk. Belg. creatively sick part” [Beech. painter. 253].

” Thomas Erastus: Thomas Lieber (or Liebler) (1524–1583). or GAR all. Enya: Eithne Ní Bhraonáin (1961–). Br. U. Eric: Carl Oscar August Erickson (1891–1958). The name itself may have been intended as a feminine form of Greek ephelix. U. Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (1622–1685). Harold English see Colin Forbes Isobel English: June Guesdon Braybrooke. MC. among them Mary Stuart. working in U. a physician’s daughter. sumo wrestler. Eng.” the latter from the name of the village. (white) rapper. “of age. Michael’s church in paradise”) where he lived.1720).” which actually means “brave spear. novelist. Edward England: Edward Seegar (fl. of Swe. Du. The singer began using her stage name (presumably from her middle name) in 1937. Greek scholar.S. U. A pun on the musician’s initials. transliterated “e. Restoration. writer of books on angling. née Villiers. popular singer.-Swiss theologian. He was born as the second child of Margaret. 1995]. This the traditional identification of the author of Female Poems on Several Occasions (1679). which afterwards he refined into the Greek Erasmus. Cousin Emmy: Cynthia May Carver (1903– 1980). “Erastus” translates the scholar’s real name. journalist. Mulvihill.S. and Roger Gerhard (or Geert). on the other hand it is a term for the mayfly. Br. Eos Eyas: James Rhys Parry (c. “beloved.S.S. The two men used this joint name for popular historical novels set in Alsace. by which names he is now known” [p.1678–1682).” must have had some particular significance here. Br. writer + Charles-Louis-Alexandre Chatrian (1826–1890). The name of the former member of the family band Clannad represents a phonetic spelling of her Irish first name. This explanation is negated. Epsilon: James Baldwin Brown (1785–1843). He was also known as Eos y Mynydd. “to want.165 tral. There is a pleasant pun here: “ephemera” on the one hand denotes something short-lived. which in Dutch signifies amiable. Eng. the literal meaning of the original name played its part: “Desiderius Erasmus was a name formed out of his family name Gerard.S. humanist. Ger. physician. S. Compare the next two entries below.” the latter being the name of the district where he lived. parentage. John Ericson: Joseph Meibes (1926–).” from Latin desiderare. The emu is a distinctive Australian bird.born U.” that is. movie actor. The artist used this name for his caricatures. Presumably the actor based his name on that of the Norwegian explorer Leif Eriksson. He first changed it to a Latin word of much the same signification. desiderius. Eng. Ir. Jap. “nightingale of the mountain. Porson used this name when writing to the Morning Chronicle.K. a synonym of ephebos. the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet. Fr. country singer. as both Desiderius and Erasmus means “desired one.1769–1848). Máire Brennan is a relative.) Erckmann-Chatrian: Émile Erckmann (1822– 1899). AERD nature. although other writers have been proposed. Frederick Engelheart: Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (1911–1986). cartoonist. crossword compiler.” Envy: Nicola Varley (19??–). Rust Epique: Charles Anthony Lopez (1968– 2004). rock guitarist. Ron Hubbard. As founder of the Church of Scientology (1954).) According to D’Israeli. née Joliffe (1920–1994). Werner Erhard: John Paul Rosenberg (1935–). an artificial form of which is used as bait by anglers. lawyer. movie actor. the writer’s real name is more familar in the form L. The poet’s name means “nightingale of Eyas. SF writer. which literally means “lover. Fr. often identified as America.” “to desire” and Greek erasmios. earlier Orr-Ewing.S. U. a priest. Epsilon.” Ephemera: Edward Fitzgibbon (1803–1857). The general explanation of the scholar’s name is as follows. Leif Erickson: William Wycliff Anderson (1911– 1986). writer. short-story writer.” and the name that he adopted reflects this. who in 1000 landed in Vinland.S. Eos Ceiriog: Huw Morys (1622–1709).1625).” “near maturity. Desiderius Erasmus: Gerhard Gerhards (or Geert Geerts) (?1466–1536). The writer’s name means “nightingale of Gwynfa.” from the parish where he lived. Eos Gwynfa: Thomas Williams (c. England: Richard Porson (1759–1808).” (Compare the name above. . U. “loved one.” Ephelia: Joan Phillips (fl. by the misinterpretation of “Gerard. pirate. writer. Eng. songwriter. Ger. fashion illustrator.” (Compare the name below. however. Eng. Enazakura: Toru Hayakawa (1960–). or a “love child. He was thus illegitimate. poet.1570–c. Enigma: Simon Martin (1950–). Welsh poet. A fairly obvious pseudonym for a setter of cryptic crosswords and also a rather obvious anagram of “I am Eng. such as journalists write about.201]. “New Age” cultist. The poet’s name means “nightingale of Ceiriog. “By making herself the dedicatee of her own book. Welsh poet. clever Lady Villiers hid in plain sight and also executed the genius stroke that assured her pseudonymity and kept researchers fum- Emmy • Ericson bling these three centuries” [Maureen E. Welsh poet. theologian. Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa (“St. U.

” This is just one of the mainly anagrammatic pseudonyms adopted by Rymer. writer. writer. Errym: James Malcolm Rymer (1804–1884).S. Israel’s prime minister (1963– 69) hebraized his Slavic name when Israel became independent in 1948. The designer’s brief pseudonym. novelist. The writer’s occasional pen name is the Italian for “Erinyes. “red”) from Rossi. The actor appears to have been influenced in his choice of professional name by that of the central character in Thackeray’s Henry Esmond. Grania Beckford. Christoph Eschenbach: Christoph Ringmann (1940–).S. and her son accordingly became Erik Homburger. L. The musician composed Catalan songs under this name. Can. Eng. He also sometimes used the anagrammatic pseudonyms Gamzefon and Gofzamen. citizenship. U.-born Br. Escardot: Carmen Karr y de Alfonsetti (1865–?). working in U. U. as a result of which he was voted an “honorary lesbian” by the Daughters of Bilitis (see Pierre Louÿs).Ericson • Essex 166 “R. and he was originally named after his Danish mother’s first husband. followed a year later. Mexican popular pianist. Laurajean Ermayne: Forrest J. Russ. Longrigg put himself over as a 17-year-old schoolgirl who launched herself onto the literary scene in 1962 with a novel about a group of boarding-school girls who turn their gym into a brothel. dramatist. (1952–1986).” He first used it when sketching women’s fashions for the Russian magazine Damsky Mir (“Ladies’ World”).” the Furies of Greek mythology. U. writer of “penny dreadfuls.S.] Lazar Ludwik Zamenhof (1859–1917). Esquivel: Juan Garcia Esquivel (1931–2002). race meetings. for example. Ackerman used this name for a number of lesbian-themed novels.V. The matador was nicknamed after his father’s esparto grass holding near Seville. poet. doctor.S. and in France first in 1913 in the magazine La Gazette du Bon Ton. Howard (1906–1936). the first lesbian rights group to be founded in the U. juvenile movie actor. crime novelist. Margaret Erskine: Margaret Wetherby Williams (1901–1984). while Ivor Drummond penned thrillers set in the jet-set world of luxury yachts. pop singer. Carl Esmond: Wilhelm Eichberger (1906– 2004). Erró: Gudmundur Gudmundsson (1932–). Sp.1849–1919). Italian vittoria. The name of the scholar’s father is unknown. The humorist also wrote as Heinrich Yale Snekul. parentage. SF writer. composer. Jr. Erratic Enrique: Henry Clay Lukens (1838– 1900). It. U. Ertis: [Countess] Alexandrine Esterhazy (c. The linguist’s name translates (in Esperanto) as “Dr. manager. Austr. Frank Parish.S. Erté: Romain de Tirtoff (1892–1990). Theodor Homburger. SF writer. Chronicle of the Cid. Erik’s son. she married a German. Eng. Uncle Esek see Josh Billings Levi Eshkol: Levi Shkolnik (1895–1969). Sc. “victory”) from Vittorio. Esquerita: Esker Reeder. As he grew up. psychoanalyst. Merry. Dr. Don Manuel Alvarez Espriella: Robert Southey (1774–1843). each name having its own style and persona. wrote romantic historical novels.born Fr. Eng. Rosalind Erskine: Roger Erskine Longrigg (1929–2000). Nicius (Greek nik`. Erik underwent an identity crisis: was he Jew or Gentile. biblical scholar. Erinni: Maria Borgese Freschi (1881–1947). Henry Vernon Esmond: Henry Vernon Jack (1869–1922).S. Langue Internationale: Préface et Manuel Complet (1887). writer.-born Br. He also wrote as Laura Black. costume designer. inventor of Esperanto. When the latter died. U. Icelandic painter. Dane or German? Who was his real father? He solved this dilemma in 1939 on finalizing his application for U. Ivor Drummond. A genuine translation. bullfighter.S. Otto Ernst: Otto Ernst Schmidt (1862–1926). Cunningham Erik Erikson: Erik Salomonsen (1902–1994). black pop pianist. orchestral conductor. In 1807 Southey published Letters from England. so that he was his own father. El Espartero: Manuel García Cuesta (1865– 1894). Ger. that is. Pol. and Dominic Taylor. opera composer. and African safaris. movie actor. David Essex: David Albert Cook (1947–). Another was Malcom J. George Ernest: George Hjorth (1921–). by Don Manuel Alvarez Espriella. and Erythraeus (Greek erythros. Sp. Ackerman (1916– 2008). Janus Nicius Erythraeus: Gian Vittorio Rossi (1577–1647).-born U. Ger.. The scholar adopted a classical form of his name for his Latin writings: Janus from Gian ( John). Malcolm J. Hoping One.S.S.” pronounced (approximately) in Russian and French as “air-tay.S. working in U.T. author. journalist. The singer gained his new name early in Walter Ericson see E. Laura Black. poet. humorous writer. Esperanto: [Dr. Ger. He became Erik Erikson. U. pianist.” He used it for his book introducing the language. Megan Barker. It. poet. a three-volume work purporting to be the translation of an account by a young Spaniard of life and manners in England.born Israeli politician. each of these names being a variant of some kind on his real full name. Italian rosso. derives from his initials .K. of Dan. Patrick Ervin: Robert E. playwright. stage actor. Sc. Ukr. Austr. suitable for signing.

Fr. working in U. School for Girls. Georgian poet. director. radio producer. Voodoo (1930). and now I’m just glad I wasn’t living in Middlesex!” [David Essex. pope. juvenile movie actor. patron. but there was already a member called David Cook so we had to think of a new name. 2002]. Eng. drama critic. Welsh temperance campaigner.” Etteila: Jean-François Aliette (1738–1791). including at least four Philalethes Cantabrigiensis (from Cambridge) and several named Phileleutharus followed by a Latin adjectival placename. Eurialo d’Ascoli: Aurello Morani de Guiderocchi (c. Estelle: Estelle Swaray (1980–). Jean Estoril: Mabel Esther Allan (1915–1998). It.167 his career. biographer. humanist. The tarot practitioner’s name is a reversal of his original name. La Esterella: Esther Mathilda Lambrechts (1916–). He was Peter Loring for a romance. a murder mystery. Byzantine princess. The stage name is presumably from Spanish estrella. Eudocia: Athenais (401–465). Ellis Père Étienne: Étienne Pierre François de Paule Malmy (1744–1840). Du. parentage. used this name as the writer of the words for her own operas. Allan reserved the name Jean Estoril for a series of stories about Drina. Esther John: Qamar Zia (1929–1960). Shellabarger used this name for a mystery thriller. The eldest daughter of Karl Albert. Partenio Etiro see Pietro Aretino Robert Eton see A. whose own name means “peaceful truth-lover. and an adventure story. pope. Ger. Derek rang me and suggested David Essex. Fr. novelist. Br. Door of Death (1928). Fr. Arthur Fritz Eugens: Arthur Fritz Schumacher (1930–). It. Stephen Tring ETPA: Maria Antonia Walpurgis. “star. sculptor. Br. fortuneteller. U. Electress of Saxony (1724–1780).1383– 1447). was baptized a Christian. artist.Hung. poet. Eulalie: Eulalie Banks (1895–after 1997). but as usual I went along with it. I wasn’t too sure.S. of Senegalese parentage. of Austr. Eugenius Philalethes: Thomas Vaughan (1622–1666). when he was headmaster of the Columbus. Zia adopted her new name after becoming a Christian in the 1950s. Mary Essex see Lozania Prole Martin Esslin: Martin Julius Pereszlenyi (1918– 2002). . a romantic adventure. A Charmed Life. missionary. Sc. another 17th-century alchemist of uncertain identity. Eta Delta: Evan Davies (1794–1855). It was important for me to join — no union meant no work. Fr. writer.” alluding to his sense of isolation.” Eugen: Eugen Pillatt (1879–1943). Eugene: Hugo Arnot (1749–1846).K. a teenage ballerina. Athenais renounced paganism. It. Ger. composer. From 1938 to 1946. denoting her affiliation to the Academy of Arcadia (see Aglauro Cidonia). Before marrying the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II in 421. The initials stand for Ermelinda Talea Pastorella Arcada. The name represents the Greek letters equating to the minister’s initials. Assurance Doubly Sure (1939). Miss Rolling Stone (1939). The name should not be confused with that of Eirenaeus Philalethes. near Montélimar in the south of France. as Phileleutharus Devoniensis and Phileleutharus Norfolciensis.” There were a number of other writers calling themselves Philalethes.” and was used by Vaughan for the majority of his works. and adopted a Greek name meaning “goodwill. Ellis Ethelmer see E. as I was now living in [the county of ] Essex.S. critic.1485–1554). Eugenius III: Bernardo Paganelli (or Pignatelli) (?–1153). “Around this time [manager] Derek [Bowman] had applied for David Cook to join Equity (the actor’s [sic] union). Ind. The poet took a name meaning “Sandro the lonely. The last two words of her pseudonym mean “Arcadian Shepherdess. he wrote under his real name. working in Russia. Elector of Bavaria. Étienne-Martin: Étienne Martin (1913–1995). Jean-Jacques Etchévéry: Marie-Ernest-JeanJacques de Peyre-Chappuis (1916–). working in U. Ger. The Black Gale (1929). Ohio. black R&B singer. and one final mystery. Other names used by the prolific writer were Priscilla Hagon and Anne Pilgrim. clown. historical writer. U. later Emperor Karl VII. Princess of Bavaria. Fr. The mock–Greek name literally means “noble-born truth-lover. ballet dancer. Eng. circus artist. Luc Estang : Lucien Bastard (1911–1992). In 1816 Père Étienne and 14 companions reestablished and rebuilt the ruined Cistercian Essex • Eurialo d’Ascoli monastery at Aiguebelle. Sandro Euli: Aleksandr Kishvardovich Kuridze (1890–1965). illustrator. children’s writer.-born variety singer. Eugenius IV: Gabriele Condulmaro (c. twin brother of Silurist. The aim in each case was to keep his scholarly biographies distinct from his creative writing. religious community founder.K. alchemist.” which “Esther” is also popularly said to mean. John Esteven: Samuel Shellabarger (1888– 1954). Estoril is the name of a town in Portugal. Grief Before Night (1938). Catholic novelist.

and took a name to reflect her links with Wales. Greek for “reverence. Eusebius: (1) Edmund Rack (?1735–1787). It expressed the feminine or contemplative side of his personality. followed straightaway by Kenny” [Kenny Everett. U. movie actor. Mary Hays used it for her pamphlet entitled Cursory Remarks on an Enquiry into the Expediency and Propriety of Public or Social Worship (1792).S. The use of fictitious personae to express his duality in this way was inspired by Jean Paul.-born U. that of various early Greek theologians. The Countess of Hertford used this name. poet. as distinct from a contrasting character. Dale Evans: Frances Octavia Smith (1912– 2001).” meaning the awkward age of adolescence) (1804–5) contained the contrasting twins Vult and Walt. Welsh short-story writer. Euronymous: Oystein Aarseth (1968–1993). presenter. TV actress. movie actress. Eng. Chad Everett: Raymond Lee Cramton (1937–).S. U.” Glaucilla Eurotea: Diodata Saluzzo Roero (1775–1840). A name perhaps intended as a blend of “European” and “anonymous. movie actress.Euronymous • Ex-Private X 168 Evan Evans see Max Brand Gil Evans: Ian Ernest Gilmore Green (1912– 1988). crime novelist. who was masculine and impetuously romantic. bandleader. Express: Simon Francis (c.S. Margiad Evans: Peggy Eileen Arabella Williams. which he already bore as his middle name. Evans first published some stories under the name D. known in Welsh as Caradog.” and thus the equivalent of Peggy. jazz arranger. Eusebia: (1) Frances Seymour.V. black rapper. “King of the Cowboys. novelist. The actor adopted a form of his mother’s maiden name.. humorist. Countess of Hertford (1699–1754). The DJ explains how he made his own choice: “I think I’d just seen a movie with an actor called Edward Everett Horton . Joan Evans: Joan Eunson (1934–). whose unfinished novel Flegeljahre (literally “uncouth years. parentage. stage actor. Schumann used it as a pseudonym for his critical writings. Kenny Everett: Maurice James Christopher Cole (1944–1995). novelist. after the 1st-century British chieftain Caratacus. It. then took his distinctive first name. Norw. Poems by “Eva” of “The Nation. fantasy story writer. The musician adopted his stepfather’s name. singer. Schumann’s two characters are musically represented in his suite of piano pieces Carnaval (1834–5). Edward Everett Horton (1887–1970) was a U. replying to Gilbert Wakefield’s attack on dissenting public worship. 1982].S.1967–). Eng. The writer was raised and educated near the Welsh border. physician. “black metal” musician. Robert Evans: Robert Shapera (1930–). U. of Norw. A collected edition.” “piety. TV DJ. stage.” appeared in San Francisco in 1877. The poet’s pseudonym is her Arcadian name (see Aglauro Cidonia). The actress. poet. used as an exclamation of joy in Bacchic rites. letter writer.S. née Kelly (1825– 1910). Eng. Rack used this name. U. Eng. U. Ex-Private X: Alfred McLelland Burrage (1889–1956). U. The name had the practical purpose of distinguishing Knox from the writer E.S.S. Can. black hiphop musician. essayist. Maurice Cole was working for a pirate radio station when the program controller. told all on board the ship that they must change their names for legal purposes. Ir. née Whistler (1909–1958). movie comedian. “Queen of the Cowgirls” and wife (from 1947) of movie actor Roy Rogers. Tom Ewell: Samuel Yewell Tompkins (1909– 1994).. Eng. Eng. (2) Robert Schumann (1810–1856). entertainer.S.” for some verses published in 1734. descent. Eva: Mary Anne O’Doherty. Lucas (1868–1938). Evans-Emmott. Eusébio: Eusébio Ferreira da Silva (1942–). Judith Evelyn: Judith Evelyn Allen (1913–1967). poet. writer. movie comedian. polemical writer. U. Robert Eustace: Robert Eustace Barton (1868– 1943). Eve: Eve Jihan Jeffers (1979–). movie actress. novelist. Mozambiquan-born Port. The writer’s pseudonym is a blend of the initials of two of his names and the Latin cry evoe (from Greek euoi). Florestan. footballer (the “Black Panther”). . Her new first name is a Welsh diminutive of “Margaret. Linda Evans: Linda Evanstad (1943–). radio. husband of Countess Hélène Barcynska.S. (2) Mary Hays (1760–1843). of which Knox subsequently became editor (1932–49). U. country musician.S. Evoe: Edmund George Valpy Knox (1881–1971). Leon Everette: Leon Everette Baughman (1948–). I quite liked the name Everett so that came first. Her surname she adopted from her paternal grandmother. Ben Tony. a fellow contributor to the magazine Punch.” changed her name in 1933 at the suggestion of a radio station manager. movie producer. Br. poet.S. Caradoc Evans: David Evans (1878–1945). Ger. The writer used this name for her poems published in the weekly cultural and political journal The Nation. novelist. Eng. for Reflections on the Spirit and Essence of Christianity (1771). U. The Custard Stops at Hatfield. composer. TV. of Austral. Eng.

” She realized her ambition. autobiographer. movie music. “For the moolah [money]. The scholar’s assumed name is a latinization of his real name. The writer. (Her second was Edward Wilcox. Sr. and it was they who shortened his name. composer of musicals. Exton • Fairbanks. Gnassingbé Eyadéma: Étienne Eyadéma (1935– 2005).” which perhaps he imagined to be the origin of his real name. poet. Frederick Fag: James Johnson (1777–1845). Grant Holiday. Earl of Jersey. An Eye-Witness: Charles Lamb (1775–1834). Ella turned for financial assistance to Ulman. Both brothers adopted the name Fabritius as a reference to their previous trade as carpenters (Latin faber. Fr.S. painter. Adams used this name for a series of Jazz Age novels. “I chose Exton by the dodgy expedient of sticking a pin in a Shakespeare concordance and happening on Sir Piers of Exton in Richard II” [personal fax from Clive Exton. Nanette Fabray: Ruby Bernadette Nanette Fabares (1920–). The name may have intentionally alluded to the 3d-century BC Roman general Fabius (“Cunctator”). cosmetician.A. March 23. It was tour organizer Jack Pfefer who gave her her first big break. The “Person of Distinction” may have been William Villiers. The poet’s adopted name is the Latin word for “beech. movie comedienne. essayist. horseman. U.) When Douglas . later gaining the enhanced form “The Fabulous Moolah. Johannes Faber: Johannes Heigerlin (1478– 1541). playwright. and in the 1970s claimed to be earning more than $100. of course. painter. who married her as her third husband. Miss F : Ann Thicknesse. On his death in 1873.” Compare the next two names below. The Togolese president changed his French colonial first name to a native name as part of an africanization program.S. movie actress.: Douglas Elton Thomas Ulman (1883–1939). scholar. Georg Fabricius: Georg Goldschmied (1516– 1571). Charles J. brother of Barent Fabritius. with a New Ballad to an old tune. Philippe Fabre d’Eglantine: Philippe-FrançoisNazaire Fabre (1755–1794). used this pen name for his verses entitled Satan in Search of a Wife (1831). Compare the name of Georg Fabricius. When he asked her why she wanted to become a wrestler. Napoleon Fabri: Avgust Fransuazovich Pyubaset (Puybasset) (1869–1932). Fair: Erle Stanley Gardner (1889–1970). A French name that is more of an international draw than the Spanish original. Fr. revolutionary politician. playwright. Warner Fabian: Samuel Hopkins Adams (1871– 1958). Ger. beginning with Flaming Youth (1923). Barent Fabritius: Barent Pieterz (1624–1673).S. wrestler. circus artist. Eng. Resistance agent. whose first husband was John Fairbanks. The Fabulous Moolah: Lillian Ellison (c. U. Douglas Fairbanks. U. Du. The dramatist changed his name by deed poll in the 1950s to avoid confusion with the actor Clive Brook (1887–1974). The adjustment of the cosmetician’s name was made in 1904 during immigrant processing at Ellis Island. Françoise Fabian: Michèle Cortès de Leone y Fabianera (1932–). Fagus: George Faillet (1872–1933). describing Miss F’s life and the loss of her reputation through the wickedness of Lord——. she is said to have replied. Eng. Sammy Fain: Samuel Feinberg (1902–1989). which means “goldsmith. The writer would have readily shed a surname that is a Russian dialect word for a lout or boor. whose bestknown pseudonym was Elia. Other names include Kyle Corning.S. physician. poet. Fr. Eng. although some say he won by a false claim. brother of Carel Fabritius.1930–).S.born U. Johnson adopted this name for The Recess (1834). crime novelist.” Pfefer started calling her Moolah and the name stuck. novelist. Max Factor: Max Faktor (?1872–1938). Fr. The performer took his name from the Italian Fabri troupe with whom he trained as an acrobat. Charles M. Sp.169 Clive Exton: Clive Jack Montague Brooks (1930–2007). Aleksandr Fadeyev: Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Bulyga (1901–1956). Carleton Kendrake.-born Russ. Ellison began her career in the ring in the 1950s as the “prop” of a wrestler named Elephant Boy. This is the tentative identity of the author of A Letter from Miss F addressed to a Person of Distinction.000 a year. née Ford (1737–1824). adopted for 29 novels written between 1939 and 1970. Sent to the author by an unknown hand (1761). pop singer. singer. Du. U. 1996].S. movie actor.S. Sr. U. Russ. U. writer. critic. Ir. A. theologian. Green. and Robert Parr. clown. Fabian was “discovered” in 1957 by two talent scouts in Frankie Avalon’s Philadelphia youth club Teen and Twenty. movie actor. His movie roles from the 1970s were as Fabian Forte. The writer assumed this name after winning the Prix de l’églantine (“Wild Rose Prize”) at the Jeux Floraux of Toulouse in his youth. Pol. Togolese politician. U. Fabian: Fabiano Forte Bonaparte (1943–). “carpenter”).S. actor. Colonel Fabien: Pierre Georges (1919–1944). medical writer. This is Gardner’s best-known pseudonym. Kenny. who advocated delaying tactics in battle. Ger. The actor was the son of Hezekiah Charles Ulman and Ella Adelaide Marsh. Carel Fabritius: Carel Pieterz (1622–1654).

. novelist. physician.S. Eng. In the last years of her life. Edmund Falconer: Edmund O’Rourke (1814– 1879). not necessarily with criminal intent. partly preserved her own name in her pseudonym. Adam Faith. her role under this name was taken over by Marion Clyde McCarroll (1891–1977). perhaps intentionally. evokes that of Morgan le Fay. rock singer. Eng. Michael Fairless: Margaret Fairless Barber (1869–1901). Peter William Lanoe Hawker. U. It has been suggested that the writer created her new first name as an anagram of “alone. Daukes adopted this pen name for his novels.Fairbrother • Falconer 170 Barber.. they seemed to match up” [ibid. and Ephraim Watts. creating her name from a combination of Dante’s Beatrice and Fairfax County. 1980]. “For some reason. U. Adam Faith. Adam Faith: Terence Nelhams (1940–2003). his only child by his first wife. In 1920 Douglas Sr. Yeah. great. the first man. Richard Onslow. Anna Beth Sully. and may also have been inluenced by the hero of her favorite book. where her family owned property. children’s writer. Adam. He also wrote as Sir Julius Cutwater. poet. Ir. September 21. “First. Bart. In 1898 Manning started an advice column in the Evening Journal for which she was already a feature writer. Fairie: Alfred W. never divulged. though.S. Sussex. poet. TV actress. actor. Short. Mindy Fairchild: Mahinder Singh Rupal (1964–). The bank robber and credit-card heister changed his name. Poor Me. Her surname was a punning allusion to her family name.-born Br. Fairless: Benjamin Franklin Williams (1890–1962). The fifth page of girls’ names. Written by Herself. Sheridan’s play The Rivals). D. Virginia. U. later Sir Michael and chief justice of Palestine in the 1930s. SixFive Special (1957–8).” but it is more probable that she took it from the third name of her father. George MacDonald’s Robert Falconer (1868). The author of Little Women (1868) used this flowery name for some early adult stories published in Peterson’s Magazine and the Saturday Evening Post. author of mystical works under the name William Scott Palmer. Sweet. Easily memorized” [Adam Faith. Barber. Fisher Unwin’s “Pseudonym Library” series. under F. from her father. written in retirement. with the initial “M” of “Michael” from “Margaret” and “Fairless. playwright. U. traveler. Lanoe Falconer: Mary Elizabeth Hawker (1848–1908). Falco: Johann Hölzel (1957–1998). Biographical Encyclopaedia of British Flat Racing. mystic. later Parselle (1873–1941). Steel changed his name as a young boy to that of his adopted parents. novelist.” as her middle name. (1909–2000).” Morgan Fairchild: Patsy Ann McClenny (1950–). Fairstar (1846). Edited by Mrs. Mrs. Peter Willett.S. advice columnist. jockey. Sydney Fairbrother: Sydney Tapping. Terrific” [Sunday Times Magazine. Mr.B. Phil. The future president of U.B. Prof. married Mary Pickford as his second wife. program producer Jack Good wanted to give him a solo spot. Ind. On a Sunday afternoon in Good’s Chiswick flat the name problem was tackled with the help of a ‘Choose A Name For Your Baby’ book. Benjamin F. writer. nature writer. industrialist. K. who as a young child renamed herself Marjorie. Ulman deserted the family and his mother then changed her son’s Jewish-sounding name to that of her first husband. under A. The writer adopted the name of the fictional hero of his own novel. Frank Fairleigh: Francis Edward Smedley (1818–1864).. Terry Nelhams sounded like a Fourth Division Footballer. Cox (1857–1919). Eng. Grabstein. he’d have to find a new name. Jr. Eng. Fairway was the name of his house in Worthing. The actress adopted her great-grandmother’s name as her screen name. 1978]. Fairless was informally adopted by her physician. Horne used this name as the supposed editor (in fact writer) of the popular children’s book Memoirs of a London Doll. Faith himself wrote: “I liked the sound of Adam. Eng. “Michael” was also the name of a young boy who often spent his summer vacation with her family. The actress’s name. He was Michael McDonnell (1882–1956). he elected to race under the nom de course of ‘Mr Fairie’” [Roger Mortimer. of Gottingen. Sidney Fairway: Sidney Herbert Daukes (1879– 1947). Yes. Frank Fairleigh (1850). Sc. was five. Sir Lucius O’Trigger (a character in R. On her death. pop singer.]. the beautiful young woman (“fair child”) who is King Arthur’s sister in the Arthurian romances.C. Austr. Beatrice Fairfax: Marie Manning (1868–1945). On the name as a whole: “I liked the note of courage in it. fraudster. Flora Fairfield: Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888).-born Eng. as editor of Sharpe’s London Magazine. Fairless . Eng. racehorse owner. movie actress. The first page of boys’ names.S. in order to “sound more English. 1961]. produced Faith. Eng. When Nelhams appeared on British television’s first teenage pop-music show.S. After many rejections from publishers. Mary Emily Dowson (born 1848). the first novel in T. and adopted her family name. produced Adam. Fairstar: Richard Henry (or Hengist) Horne (1803–1884). Ulman legally adopted the name himself in 1900 and passed it on to Douglas Fairbanks. Ben Uzair Salem. she finally broke into print with Mademoiselle Ixe (1890).

The change complied with a tradition that all members of the Egyptian royal family must have names beginning with the same initial. The artist’s real gender was revealed in 1878. El Nino Farini: Samuel Wasgate (1855–1939). pop musician. Ralph Milne Farley: Robert Sherman Hoar (1887–1963). from whom he took his name. The tightrope artist began his career at an early age. Lu-Lu (“The Beautiful Girl Aerialist and Circassian Catapultist”). Mukhiddin Farkhat: Mukhiddin Khasanov (1924–) Tajik poet. however. Giuseppe Farinelli: Giuseppe Francesco Finco (1769–1836). It. The author selected her new name. Ir. from his second marriage. Fuad II. Farmer: Samuel Seabury (1729–1796). writer. Eng. The name was given to the singer by the impresario Larry Parnes. U. to Narriman Sadek. Ditzen was persuaded by his father to adopt a pseudonym for his writing in order to prevent further disgrace to the family name.A. The novelist took his pen name from the farm where he was born in the central eastern mountains of Norway. Ger. Ir. Konrad Falke: Karl Frey (1880–1942).S. based on her original first name. and Parnes hired him as a member of the Blue Flames. pop singer.S. (His father was King Fuad. painter. Farfa: Vittorio Tommasini (1879–1964). novelist. when he was adopted by one William Hunt. the brothers Farina. castrato singer. aged 16. and she went to live in France with her three daughters. that of a character in Benjamin Disraeli’s first novel.S. aerialist.” John Murphy Farley: John Murphy Farrelly (1842–1918). Safina changed her first name (Iranian for “pure rose”) to Farida (“precious”) in 1938. Georgie Fame: Clive Powell (1943–). verse writer. Violet Fane: [Lady] Mary Montgomerie Currie. Hobson used this name as French racing correspondent of Horse and Hound. novelist. According to some accounts. The name stood for “A . when she failed to produce an heir to the throne. He took it from two characters in Grimms’ Fairy Tales (1812–22): the hero of “Hans im Glück” (“Lucky Hans”) and the talking horse Falada (wih one “l”) in “Die Gänsemagd” (“The Goose Girl”).S. Eng. for her first publication. The actress adopted her playful nickname. The singer took his name from the U. jazz guitarist Tal Farlowe.S. who married the Shah of Persia. Br.1943–). archbishop. but from 1870. Alioum Fantouré: Mohamed Touré (1938–). The future Archbishop of New York modified his name on being appointed secretary to Cardinal McCloskey in 1872. U. country singer. children’s writer. Futurist poet.-born U. poet. U.S. movie actress. née Lamb (1843–1905). Princess Farida: Safina Zulfikar (1920–1988). Eng. Faraway: Clement Hobson (1877–1952). Donna Fargo: Yvonne Vaughn (1949–).) Farouk divorced her in 1948. Jinx Falkenburg: Eugenia Falkenburg (1919– 2003). Dowling also wrote as Emanuel Kink. in 1951. he may have been their nephew. involving a spell in a sanitarium. The brothers were of French origin. Following a scandalous boyhood. Farinelli: Carlo Broschi (1705–1782). writer. opera composer. Guinean economist. SF writer. Eng.W. performed independently under the name Mlle. Farouk obtained a son and heir. The use of initials may have arisen as much from the poet’s natural modesty as from the wish to mask her gender. the backing band assigned to Billy Fury on a 1960 tour. writer. There is evidence that the name first proposed by Parnes for Powell was actually Lance Fortune.” The next kid to do so was Powell. to the dismay of his many male fans. whose original Italian name was Guillermo Antonio Farini (1838–1929). U. Eng. and appear to have been originally named Farinel. Hans Fallada: Wilhelm Friedrich Rudolf Ditzen (1893–1947). Marcus Fall: Richard Dowling (1846–1898). Norw. Ger. She adopted the pseudonym to conceal her writing from her parents. a volume of verse entitled From Dawn to Noon (1872). Aunt Fanny: Frances Elizabeth Barrow (1822– 1894). The first American Episcopalian bishop used this name for a series of pamphlets in 1775 defending the English Crown. writer. cleric. The singer adopted the surname of his benefactors. Eng. Vivian Grey (1827). Falkberget • Farmer Don Fardon: Don Maughn (c. who had quite fallen for the lithe and graceful female performer. writer. pop singer. Fawziya.S. At first he was carried along the rope on Hunt’s back. U. U. earlier Singleton.171 Johan Falkberget: Johan Petter Lillebakken (1879–1967). It. racecar driver. A. Chris Farlowe: John Henry Deighton (1940–). Martin Fallon see Jack Higgins Mary Fallon: Kathleen Mary Berriman. working in France. The writer adopted her grandmother’s name as her pen name. I’m gonna call Georgie Fame. It. who allegedly said: “The next kid to walk through my door. and his sister. when she married King Farouk (1920–1965). racehorse breeder. née Denman (1951–). Austral. Egyptian queen. The poet’s pen name means “joy. Fanthorpe: Ursula Askham Fanthorpe (1929–2009).

then changed her surname to that of the Kent village where she was born. Caroline Farr see Carter Brown Jamie Farr: Jameel Joseph Farah (1934–). father of W. U. U. Among other names used by Fard were Professor Ford. Farrad Mohammed. he fell out with Elijah’s son. All Knowing. DJ. let alone wrote” [Sunday Times Magazine.S. She said. American pool player. movie actress.D.S. writer of fantasy fiction.S.S. well. The writer combined her first two names to form a single Christian name. Farrell: Mary (“Molly”) Nesta Keane. by which time she had returned to Italy. Wallace Fard Muhammad. Fard (c. For names beginning thus.-born Jesuit missionary.S. His name at first was accordingly Louis X. Ind. U. “I had to keep it a secret as long as I possibly could. rock musician. religious writer. The original singer took his brother’s first name as his new surname. F. Fat Pat: Patrick Hawkins (1971–1998). Eng. Marianne Farningham: Mary Anne Hearn (1834–1909).S. née Skrine (1904–1996). ballet dancer. (1913–1996). Finder and Life-Giver. TV actor.S. in which he is played by Jackie Gleason. M. see the next word. Cook is said to have taken the second name of his oxymoronic creation from that of Bumble Bee Slim. working in U. for Father Damien see Damien. All Powerful. assumed his present name. Perry Farrell: Peretz Bernstein (1959–).S. Wes Farrell: Wes Fogel (1939–1996). and all the attributes of God (Allah) are assigned to him. Minnesota Fats: Rudolf Walter Wanderone.S. leader of the Nation of Islam.Farmer • Fattelal 172 titled The Knight of Cheerful Countenance (1926).K. U. stage. for Father Algy see Algy. Black Muslim leader. Jane Fate: Lisa Garston (1935–). 1999]. Ger. It. U. Black Muslim leader. black rapper. U. Br. normal” [Sunday Times Magazine. Br. and God (Allah).” Understandably.S. Joe Farrell: Joseph Carl Firrantello (1937–1986). August 24.S. novelist. songwriter. After the death in 1975 of Elijah Muhammad.. Jr. Claude Farrère: Frédéric Charles Bargone (1876–1957). Young men in that circle would have been afraid of you if they thought you read.1877–?1934).g. The player’s name alludes directly to his impressive dimensions: at only 5 ft 10 in tall. and aka Quentin Cook. More importantly for our purposes.” as at the time Seabury was rector of St. Mary Skrine began to write during a long spell in bed with suspected tuberculosis. Master of the Day of Judgment. so that he is referred to as “Creator of Heaven and Earth. hymnwriter. but altered the first word following his depiction in the 1961 movie The Hustler. Father . His divinity was reinforced by his mysterious disappearance in 1934. rock musician. aka Fatboy Slim. Fatboy Slim: Quentin Leo Cook (1963–). The advocate of black separatism was originally a calypso performer under the name of Prince Charmer before being converted to the Nation of Islam in the mid–1950s by Malcolm X. Geoffrey Farrington: Geoffrey Smith (1955–). U. Br.J.S. and formed his own Nation of Islam. December 12. aka Pizzaman. e.S children’s writer. He changed it to Norman because it’s. New York. One of Farrad’s influential followers was Elijah Muhammad.. Martha Farquharson: Martha Farquharson Finley (1828–1909). music publisher. For this she selected the pen name M. Ferdinand Farmer: Ferdinand Steinmeyer (1720–1788). This is one of the many names assumed by the founder of the Nation of Islam in the U. novelist. written when she was 17. working in U. This is the most familiar of the names adopted by the big-beat pioneer. Louis Farrakhan: Louis Eugene Walcott (1933–). The actress was billed under this name for some movies in the mid–1960s. Mia Farrow: Maria de Lourdes Villiers-Farrow (1945–). Nicholas Farrell: Nicholas Frost (1955–). one of the criticisms leveled at the Black Muslims by orthodox Muslims is that they worship Wallace Fard rather than Allah of the “true” Islam. 1986]. so that the name as a whole sounds like “peripheral. Sheikh Fattelal: Yashin Mistri (1897–1964). Peter’s Church in Westchester. Mohammed. U. Fr. The director’s adopted surname is Westchester Farmer. but which he dropped beause he was called a poofter [homosexual] at school. movie. U. He is now revered by Black Muslims as Master Wallace Fard Muhammad. taking it from a bar she passed one day when returning home from the hunting field. The result was a romantic tale . “He is Norman Cook. Farrell. movie actress. aka Freakpower. jazz musician. for Father Baptist see Baptist. U. aka Beats International. U. the name his parents actually gave him. Most Wise. Mohammed Ali. he gave his followers Arabic names to replace those that had originated in slavery and that were of Christian origin. Walli Farrad: Wallace D. movie actor. playwright. U. He originally called himself New York Fats. movie director. etc.S.” Suzanne Farrell: Roberta Sue Ficker (1945–). he weighed 300 pounds. Ir.J. Edward Farran: Edward John Elias (1937– 2003). Oh. Most Merciful.

Br. activist. The actress became Dorothy Fay Ritter after marrying her costar Tex Ritter in 1941. U. meaning “white. Austral. Fayruz: Nouhad Haddad (1935–). Greyson Faulkner • Felix Fearless Nadia: Mary Evans (1908–1996). where he was known by the Italian equivalent of his German name. claiming that his great-grandfather. violinist. Nigerian afro-beat musician. Farrah Fawcett-Majors: Farrah Fawcett (1947– 2009). Daniel Featley: Daniel Fairclough (1582–1645).S. The actress. working in India. One motive for a name change may well have been that his Slavic surname means “criminal. U.” including the primer Felix on the Bat (1845). The star of Charlie’s Angels was billed under her hyphenated name following her marriage to actor Lee Majors in 1973. Italy. had deleted the letter. Fela: Fela Anikulapo Kuti (1939–1997). was published in 1924. parentage. The pseudonym gave the name of Febronianism. Dr. humorist. working in U. In 1661 his nephew.-born movie actress. The name itself seems to imply a “just cleansing. stage actor. movie producer. William Alfred Faversham: William Jones (1868–1940). From 1716 to 1725 the musician was a pupil of Antonio Vivaldi in Venice. Felix” when playing cricket. singer. The actor’s new surname is the Hungarian equivalent of his German original. stage actor. short-story writer. María Félix: María de los Ángeles Félix Güereña (1914–2002). novelist. Irving Fazola: Irving Henry Prestopnik (1912– 1949). U. Frank Faulkner see James Fenimore Cooper Adams William Faulkner: William Cuthbert Falkner (1897–1962). Hans Fehér: Johann Anton Weiss (1922–1958).E. blues singer. Elise Fecamps see Gordon Ashe Daniele Teofilo Fedele: Daniel Gottlieb Treu (1695–1749).-Gk. Eleanor Fayre: Eleanor Mary Tydfil SmithThomas (1910–). U. Austr.S. The singer’s Arabic name means “turquoise” (the gem).” F. Colonel William Clark Falkner (1825–1889). movie actor. Mexican movie actress. see R. Félix: Félix Fernandez García (c. cleric. model. while his alternate first name (or title) is Sahebmama. Ger. explaining that “His right name was Faireclough .S.” Justinus Febronius: Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim (1701–1790).B. then to Fateley and at length to Featley. movie comedian.S. U. the Roman god of purification. playwright. He was equally “N. soh (G). Eric Fawcett: Eric Burbidge (1904–?). U. published a brief biography of his uncle. Sc. U. Eng. movie actress. Roman Catholic bishop. a book sometimes found in the natural history section of public libraries. N. Guy Fawkes: Robert Benchley (1889–1945). Eng. Faulkner added the “u” to his name when The Marble Faun. singer. Joey Faye: Joseph Anthony Palladino (1910– 1997).S. Dorothy Fay: Dorothy Alice Fay Southworth (1915–2003).S. actor. De statu ecclesiae et legitima potestate Romani Pontificis (“On the State of the Church and the Legitimate Authority of the Roman Pontiff ”) (1763). U. As a player the singer used the name Piano Red. John Featley. movie actress. schoolmaster. his first book of poems. TV actress. jazz clarinetist. The ecclesiastic used this name for his principal work. Charles K. stage.N. and is stated to have . See also Katie McMullen. stage comedian. Marion Fawcett: Katherine Roger Campbell (1886–1957). and la (A). attacking the temporal power gained by medieval popes.S. Welsh stage actress. Erica Fay see G. Mortlake Frank Fay: Francis Anthony Donner (1897– 1961). The actor modified the spelling of his surname after going on the stage. U. U. drama critic. composer.S.1896–1941). but this then varied and altered from Faireclough to Faircley.S. novelist. U. stage actor. Ger.-born U. writer on cricket. Eng. stage actress. Catherine Fawcett: Catherine Cookson (1906– 1998).S.” He emigrated with his family to Britain in 1933 and to the USA three years later. The religious controversialist was the first of his family to adopt the modified form of his name. a movement against the claims of the papacy.S.H. The musician’s new name is said to derive from the three musical notes fa (F). originally a circus and variety performer. Alice Faye: Alice Fay Leppert (1912–1998). Eng. Sp. singer. George Fawcett: George Deneal Fawsett (1860– 1939). The teacher and cricketer used his pen name for his writings on the “great game. Feelgood: William Lee Perryman (1911– 1985).173 also spelled Fatehlal. was “fearless” in her stunts. It.S.S.S. U. ballet dancer. Frank Faylen: Frank Ruf (1905–1985). Camillo Federici: Giovanni Battista Viassolo (1749–1802)... Feldman: Charles Gould (1904– 1968). Felix: Nicholas Wanostrocht (1807–1876).” in allusion to Februus. juvenile movie actor. of Br. Lebanese (female) popular singer. Benchley adopted the name of the 17th-century English “Gunpowder Plot” conspirator for “The Wayward Press” column that he contributed to the New Yorker from 1925.

later the mistress. and in turn represents Middle Persian pardez. at the same time modifying her original name of De Claire to de Claire and eventually to de Cleyre. née MacTaggart (1907–1995). writer.” and the prestigious surname Ferrari.” Del Bene was presumably the name of her husband. Anne Fellowes see Jane Langford Elisaveta Fen: Lydia Jackson. Jesuit.S. 2006]. U. columnist. H-Bomb Ferguson: Robert Ferguson (1929– 2006). U. the former nightclub singer and model based her new name on French slang lolo. given him for his “explosive” stage shows and booming voice.” Greek paradeisos.” in other words “garden. who in fact mocks the book in chapter 59 of the second volume of his famous work. who nevertheless allowed her to continue using the name in her stage shows. singer. Br. Ger. “her Fernand. Sarah Parton made her name with the bestselling Fern . adopted this name “in deference.” a compound of pairi-. It may have been Fray Luis de Aliaga. Ferlinghetti adopted the original form of the family name on becoming a poet. As an orphan in Venice the soprano was called Ferrarese.1755–after 1799). Seymour Felix: Felix Simon (1892–1961). or even Cervantes himself. Anna Maria Ferrero: Anna Maria Guerra (1931–). Fr. comedy writer. Lolo Ferrari: Eve Vallois (1970–2000). actress.S dance movie director. then the second wife. (2) Voltairine de Cleyre (1866–1912). “(one) from Ferrara. Sp. U. and daeza. He was thus “of Ferdaus. of Sicilian-Maltese parentage. Huerta (1937– 2006). poet. He explained: “Since I was playing a Fender guitar and amplifier. Russ. Shane Fenton see Alvin Stardust Ferdausi (or Firdausi): Abu ul-Qasem Mansur (c.S. is uncertain. Jean Ferrat: Jean Tenenbaum (1930–2010). Born the fifth son in the family of Charles Ferling. poet. to the feelings of parents” [Dictionary of National Biography]. née Willis (1811–1872).S. country singer. from the same source. writer. I changed my name to Freddy Fender” [The Times. née Jiburtovich (1900–1983). writer of detective fiction. Eng.” as he was more attentive to her daughter than to herself. Edoardo Ferravilla: Edoardo Villani (1846– 1916). confessor of Philip III. Carl Fernau: Sebastian Franz Daxenberger (1809–?). novelist. U. of the Duke of Bolton. Edwige Fenech: Edwige Sfenek (1948–). U. It. “boob. related to Avestan pairidaeza.935–c. Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Lawrence Ferling (1919–). owned by the governor of Khorasan.S. Fr. Adriana Ferrarese Del Bene: Adriana Gabrielli (c. the region (now in northeastern Iran) in which he lived. movie actress. It. Freddy Fender: Baldemar G. Roman Catholic writer. The mother-inlaw of the future comedian used to refer to him as Fernand d’elle. Fernandel: Fernand-Joseph-Désiré Contandin (1903–1971). She also wrote as Elizabeth Ferrars. translator.S. Alonso Fernández de Avellaneda: ?.1020). U. opera singer. John Fennell: Francis Walsingham (1577–1647). Ferida was the only Italian motion picture actress executed by the partisans at the end of World War II for her Fascist affiliations. anarchist writer.S.S. Persian poet. Luisa Ferida: Luisa Monfrino Farnet (1914– 1945). adopted the name of her stepfather. but she was already writing articles for the New York Musical World and Times as “Fanny Fern” in 1852 and apparently first used the name for a piece in a small Boston newspaper. an Italian immigrant. The writer adopted her Anglo-German mother’s maiden name. U. in 1851. José Ferrer: José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón (1909–1992). The actress. Famous for her grossly enhanced bust (said to be the largest in Europe and the fourth largest in the world). a collection of her pieces in various magazines. De Cleyre published her first essays and stories in the Progressive Age under the name in the 1880s. Fanny Fern: Sarah Payson Parton. the Mother’s Assistant. Puerto Rican–born U. it is supposed. resulting in an action brought by the Italian automobile manufacturer. It. singer. The musician adopted his new name on signing with Imperial Records in 1959. This is said to be the origin of the name. singer. Fr. The singer adopted his nickname. “around” (Greek peri-). “wall. or Lope de Vega. She used the latter for a line of underwear. writer. Frank Fenton: Frank Fenton-Morgan (1906– 1957). “enclosure. movie actor.S. It. Wilhelmenia Fernandez: Wilhelmenia Wiggins (1949–). U. stage. The identity of the author of the continuation of the first volume of Cervantes’ Don Quixote.-born Eng. October 16.” “park. is used in the Bible for the Garden of Eden.” The garden name itself means “paradise” (the English word is related). E. published in 1614.-born porno star. Ferrars: Morna Doris Brown. actor.Felix • Ferrero 174 Leaves from Fanny’s Portfolio (1853). movie comedian. black blues musician. movie actor. The poet took his name from the garden of Ferdaus. movie actress. Eng. Freda Fenton see Fenton Brockley Lavinia Fenton: Lavinia Beswick (1708–1760).X.

The name Michael Field was first used for two tragic dramas. Some sources have the actress’s original middle name as . “Stepin Fetchit. where the first name is the Welsh equivalent of Adam. psychoanalyst. Funny Way to Earn a Living. Welsh translator. conductor and composer Willy Ferrero. It was about the time of Sprods and Trogs [see Trog] and Smilbys [see Smilby]. eye-rolling character in Hollywood films of the 1920’s and 1930’s.. I wanted a distinctive name. for her maiden appearance at the age of 16 at the Shubert Theatre. cartoonist. U. Barnhart. was the real name of Australianborn cartoonist George Napier Sprod (1919–2003).” otherwise “Run fast and win the prize. Ir.. Ernst Fest: Eduard Heinrich Mayer (1821– 1907). Joanna Field: Marion Milner (1900–1998). movie actress. Sol Steinmetz. mentioned above. It shows a tendency to want to get away from the ordinariness of being Davis. slowwitted black servant. Charlotte Fet (or Foeth). Padraic Fiacc: Patrick Joseph O’Connor (1924–)... Eng. based on the James Joyce character. and would soon write a comical song about his equine savior. Belg. Eng. 1990]. She began her stage career as Cora Lynn (from her first name. movie director. Br. playwright + Edith Emma Cooper (1862–1913). Michael ffolkes: Brian Davis (1925–1988).-born Austral. As an unusual name it has been very valuable. poet. I had just read Joyce. Then I tried using the name Dedalus. Eng. playwright. He adopted his mother’s name for his writing and legally assumed it in 1876. The writer and scholar took his name from the village where he was born. author. movie actress. movie actress. is one of the commonest names in the country” [Michael Bateman. Sylvia Field: Harriet Johnson (1901–1998).” The name may have had a less specific origin. Russ.S. Eng. The artist explains how he got his name: “I’ve always had a kind of attraction for multiple identity.. John Field: John Greenfield (1921–1991). both forenames being adopted from Scottish islands. The poet was the illegitimate son of a German mother.. Third Barnhart Dictionary of New English. Eng. U. I got ffolkes from Burke’s Peerage. and a Russian landowner named Shenshin. A simplification of the director’s original rather awkward surname. working in U. politician. movie actress. Caroline). Allan Field see Lester Wallack Charles Field see Fenton Brockley Chelsea Field: Kim Botfield (1957–). as ernst is “serious” and fest is “solid. Br. probably adopted from Step-an’-fetch-it.. Edwige Feuillère: Caroline Vivette Edwige Cunati-Kœnig (1907–1998). Pierre Feuillère (married 1929. Sally Field: Sally Field Mahoney (1946–). Fr. John Field (1917– 1992). Eng. stage name of a black American vaudeville actor who played the role of a shuffling.S.-It. He also published a number of letters as Adda Jones. The actor. Callirrhoë and Fair Rosamund (both 1884). stage actress. When writing individually they used the respective pseudonyms Arran Leigh and Isla Leigh. parentage. Clarence L. New York. Stepin Fetchit: Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry (1902–1985).175 It. Barnhart. originally adopted the stage name of “Skeeter” (which he wasn’t). Ffraid: John Evans (1814–1876). actually. The actress adopted her screen name in honor of her godfather. administrator. whose own name implies “Step and fetch it. writer. Martyn Field: Frederick William Horner (1854–?). who made his name as a slow-moving. The pair chose a male name for their joint writings because “we have many things to say that the world will not tolerate from a woman’s lips. Arthur Ferres: John William Kevin (?1843– 1903). poet. divorced 1933). where he was chairman of the works committee.S. stage. of Fr. when he was near destitute on one occasion. I. This became “Stepin Fetchit. their output received little attention. saved his clothes.-born Fr. Davis. Martin-in-the-Fields. The actress aded an “e” to “Ann” from 1960. 1966]. however. black movie actor. The actress’s screen name was that of her former husband.” Once their identities were revealed. The pen name could have a German significance. plain Davis. movie actress. The significance of the initials is uncertain. children’s writer. grinning. Llansanffraid Glan Conwy. her niece. director. I don’t think Punch knows. Sprod. and perhaps originating from a slurred pronunciation of this. poet. and bet his clothes against $30 on a horse of this name at an Oklahoma race. poet. U. . ballet dancer.D.. He won.” Afanasy Fet: Afanasy Afanasyevich Shenshin (1820–1892). a nickname for any slow or lazy person” [Robert K. horrible Ferres • Field name. Shirley Ann Field: Shirley Bloomfield (1936–). Ir. Michael Field: Katherine Harris Bradley (1846– 1914). poet. Virginia Field: Margaret St. Jacques Feyder: Jacques Frédérix (1885–1948). U. The writer took his name from the London church of St. Winthrop Ames. Ger. Originally I wanted to write and called myself Brian Chorister. lexicographer.” however.S. The actress was given her stage name by her first manager.S. movie actress.

writer. thus finding a simpler alternative to his original Jewish surname. The name is of Greek origin (properly Philarethes) and means “lover of virtue. journalist.. black rapper.1400– c. singer. music-hall comedian. patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. Le Figaro is itself a leading French daily newspaper. Ampico J.S. Tommy Fields: Thomas Stansfield (1908–1988). Pismo Clam. writer. John. U. more precisely in his case. movie comedian.” It was assumed by each man on taking monastic vows (Romanov in 1601. like Stana. and the villains in his movies were often called Claude. whose books he admired [Carlotta Monti with Cy Rice. Eng. Mahatma Kane Jeeves. The musician called himself after a Brooklyn robber. boxer. who was so known. Gracie. and Larson E. the boxer was trained by a former fighter. ‘t’ manager says Grace Stansfield’s a bit long as names go. Fields?’ she suggested. movie actor. Snoopington Pinkerton. Dorsey took her pen name from the Cynthia.” the latter being a collective term for objects of art or antiquity. [Dame] Gracie Fields: Grace Stansfield (1898– 1979). as they walked home together after the second house. Now what about . sculptor. “I’m the same kind of person 50 Cent was. of whom she was a descendant. ‘Grace Fields! Bit too stiff-like. Ogg Ogilvie. “lover of virtu. Compare the next entry below. hear all the gossip. editor. 50 Cent: Curtis James Jackson III (1975–).. Compare the entry above. the Spanish satirist and dramatist.S. Russ. Filia: Sarah Anne Ellis Dorsey (1829–1879).S. churchman.” as a family name usually pronounced “Sinjun. presumably a mishearing of “St. brother of Gracie Fields. the novelist Henry Fielding (1707–1754). Eng.’ Mumma who was glowing inside with secret pride. popular singer. Fields in 1893. especially as she was born in the bicentennial year of his birth. “I provide for myself by any means. Felton J. among them Primrose Magoo. either as film character or screenwriter. 1980]. That’s it.’ said Grace. ‘How about.S. Whipsnade. she consciously adopted a pen name that honored her ancestor. U. Eustace McGargle¸ J. The name has been popular with many journalists and columnists. stage comedian. “liver. The Greek name literally means “lover of men. or Anna!’ ‘What’s wrong with Grace. He adopted his name. T. Ambrose Wolfinger. which derives from the Greek and means either “lover of virtue” (as for Filaret) or. Although Fielding was the writer’s genuine family name. not as a compliment to her. Lancashire. It. W. Egbert Sousé. Fr.C. it might be a bit costly to put a name like that up in lights. Jackie Fields: Jacob Finkelstein (1908–1987). The writer assumed his mother’s maiden name.C. But he famously de- . Agnew (1884–1941). movie actor. tried it out for sound.S.” Figaro: Henry Clapp (1814–1875).-born U. She wondered whether they should cut the name in half. Kelvin Martin. Elmer Prettywillie. There are several other Orthodox churchmen who assumed the name. Lew Fields: Lewis Maurice (earlier Moses) Schoenfeld (1867–1941).Fielding • Filia 176 vised many others. U. Gracie Fields!’ The thirteen-year-old.1554– 1633). A. TV comedienne. Drozdov in 1808). Br.C. architect. Ouliotta Haemoglobin. actor-manager. but to honor the novelist Henry Fielding (1707–1754). comedienne. U. “Totie” was presumably a childish pronunciation of “Sophie. The name comes from the hero of Beaumarchais’s Le Barbier de Séville (1775) and Le Mariage de Figaro (1784). The artist adopted his nickname. newly-christened Gracie Fields gave a whoop of joy” [Muriel Burgess with Tommy Keene.1469). E. metropolitan of Moscow. Mumma?’ Mumma rolled it over her tongue. since she dominated his childhood. The singer began her career as a teenager in her native town of Rochdale. former prizefighter. “‘Mumma. U. novelist. Filthy McNasty. ‘But let’s get sommat posh to put in front.” Filaret: (1) Fyodor Nikitich Romanov (c. Frothingham Waterbury. Timon Fieldmouse see Matthew Browne Benny Fields: Benjamin Geisenfeld (1894– 1959).” W. teaming with Joe Weber (1867–1942).” Ann Mary Fielding : Anita Mostyn. As a youth. Fields: William Claude Dukenfield (1880–1946). Gracie Fields. Satchelstern. Many of the names he subsequently adopted were based on the names used by Charles Dickens. 1974]. Gabriel Fielding: Alan Gabriel Barnsley (1916– 1986). nightclub.” he said. founded in 1825. Yes. of course. novelist. née Fielding (1907–1993).S. He first used W.S. Filandre: Jean-Baptiste Monchaingre (or Jean Mathée) (1616–1691). Marty Fields. Filarete: Antonio di Pietro Averlino (c. Steinway. (2) Vasily Mikhaylovich Drozdov (1782– 1867). U. Stanley Fields: Walter L. who used the pseudonym for the contribution of humorous articles to various periodicals. where Figaro is a barber-turned-doorkeeper. Totie Fields: Sophie Feldman (1930–1978). Fields and Me. Twillie. Pol. Otis Criblecolis. Egbert Sousé.” in the sense of someone who has “pluck” and spirit. Frothingwell Bellows. This was the comedian’s standard screen name. The ultimate source of the name may be in Spanish hígado. U. Another was Mariano Jose de Larra (1809–1837). Cuthbert J. U. she raised the matter of her name. churchman. Eng.S. Russ. Barbers (and doorkeepers). After a performance one day.S. Claude was a name that he had always hated.

Nicholas Fisk: David Higginbottom (1923–).S. U. Fillia: Luigi Colombo (1904–1936). The musician.177 Latin byname. strip cartoonist. Engl. Br. rock musician. radio. poet. Bud Fisher: Harry Conway (1885–1954). Sp. Bloody Finch. the more he defied her. The Dinner Bell (1878). street performer. iridescent costumes and I do trapeze work” [The Times. lyricist. and Finch as Mitchell.” He emigrated to England in 1954 and became a British subject in 1962. U. Eng. Ger. The writer’s Italian-style name means “flower of the snow. taking in beer.S. Richard Findlater: Kenneth Bruce Findlater Bain (1921–1985). Jack Finney: Walter Braden Finney (1911–1995). Jesuit. stage. but simply used the initial “I. Finley: Moses Finkelstein (1912– 1986).’ I just could not imagine being introduced on stage as Derek William Dick” [Beech. Ger. Mitchell was thus taken to be Finch. when he was 13. historian. 1999]. northwestern Spain. Herman Finck: Herman van de Vinck (1872– 1939). editor. theater critic. May 12. U. In 1855.S. The misnomer seems to have been initiated in Finch’s obituary in The Times of January 15. novelist. born into a large Jewish family. famous as the inventor of table football. Finch had his passport but Mitchell did not. 1977.. Communist activist. danceband leader. The Boomtown Rats member. The entertainer explains: “Firefly is one of the two characters I’ve developed. conductor. John Fiske: Edmund Fisk Green (1842–1901).S. The academic adopted his new name around 1936. He had no actual Fillia • Fiske middle name. .” Jerrold lived as much in Paris as in London. Larry Fine: Louis Feinberg (1911–1975). Rudolf Eisler and Maria Ida Fischer. stage. The actor adopted his father’s (and his own) middle name as his stage name. and not William Mitchell. “Filia Ecclesiae” (“Daughter of the Church”). Peter Finch: Peter George Ingle Finch (1916– 1977).S. U. Firdausi see Ferdausi Alice Firefly: Alice Newton (1977–). TV actor. Sc.S. publishing the Epicure’s Year-Book in 1867 and (as Fin-Bec) gastronomic works such as Knife and Fork (1871). Fine joined Moe and Shemp Howard in the early 1920s as a member of the future “Three Stooges” comedy team. It. Fin-Bec: William Blanchard Jerrold (1826– 1884).. given her by the editors of the Churchman when she responded to a request in that magazine for information on music in church services. Br. a Canadian movie actor.S. Du. Eng. 1980]. and the like. When Dick was working in the Scottish village of Fochabers he lodged with a landlady who objected to the number of baths he took and the time he spent in the bathtub. Bert Firman: Herbert Feuermann (1906–1999). Eng.born U. John Fisher: John Percy (1569–1641). popular singer.–born Br. patriot. philosopher. p. movie actor. painter. black blues musician. movie comedian. as stated in many otherwise reliable sources.” The mixup arose from an incident when Finch was visiting Rome with the real William Mitchell. Mitchell became involved in a barroom brawl and the two men were taken to the police station. where they were charged. Ruth Fischer: Elfriede Eisler (1895–1961). Ir. TV presenter. Fiore della Neve: Martinus Gesinus Lambert van Loghem (1849–1934). poet. as did his brothers. Clay Fisher see Will Henry Fred Fisher: Alfred Breitenbach (1875–1942). Eng. and adopted the Castilian name of his native town on starting his studies in Madrid. It. which had: “Peter Finch. historian. U. popular composer. But the more she protested. classical historian.” Fiorello: Rosario Fiorello (1960–). Eng. [Sir] Moses I. composer of comic operas. “One night a friend hung about waiting for me to come out of the bath and he said: ‘Are you some sort of fish or something?’ and I said: ‘That’s it. Alejandro Finisterre: Alejandro Campos Ramírez (1919–2007). playwright. The writer. The actor’s name is as given here. writer. SF writer. The political activist apparently adopted her new name from those of her parents. Fillmore Slim: Clarence Sims (1935–). was so named for the nimbleness of his fingers on the keyboard. Johnny Fingers: John Moylett (1956–). U. anglicized his name. pianist John and violinists Sam and Sidney. John . Futurist poet. rock musician. children’s writer.S. a cousin of Pete Briquette. whose real name was William Mitchell. Quirico Filopanti: Giuseppe Barilli (1812– 1894). Fish: Derek William Dick (1958–). David Firth: David Firth Coleman (1945–).122]. was born in Fisterra. fiction writer. Br. the future historian agreed to his grandmother’s request that he legally adopt her father’s name. A friend came up with the name as a perfect way to explain my act: I do fire juggling in bright.-born U. and books for hours. French fin-bec (literally “fine beak”) means “gourmet. dramatist. It. Finch. and later led to the obituary error [Elaine Dundy. introducer of karaoke to Italy. and was himself a gourmet. The musician adopted his new name on settling in Chicago in 1900. The incident was picked up by the British press.

Austral. Apparently a mean sergeant-major seemed to have it in for the future singer. With his share. entrepreneur. stage. Eng. he was working full time as a civil servant. Sussex. Ir. .” George Savage Fitz-Boodle: William Makepeace Thackeray (1811–1863). wrestler. Eng. writer. The founder in 1836 of the Lancashire town and port of Fleetwood added his mother’s maiden name to his existing surname in 1831. “Joseph son of Matthew. Fléchelles see Gaultier-Garguille [Sir] Peter Hesketh Fleetwood: Peter Hesketh (1801–1866). Ger.Z. “I’ll remember your name as long as I live. Flavius Josephus: Joseph ben Matthias (AD 37– 100). Eng. classical scholar. Another name for his stage appearances was therefore needed. movie actor.Fiske • Fleming 178 Ric Flair: Richard Fliehr (1949–). novelist. working in England. with “Minnie” referring to her smallness. appearing in Fraser’s Magazine (1842–3). movie actor.–born Br. Marty Flax: Martin Flachsenhaar (1924–1972). Fix: Felix Runcie (1916–after 1988). The playwright added his mother’s maiden name of Fitz to his existing name. popular dramatist. Jewish parentage. Mary Fitt: Kathleen Freeman (1897–1959). Bud bought a house in the village of Angmering. Eng. and when Driver Winthrop was wounded in 1918 and left the service. U. c. his last words to his sergeant-major were. illustrator. U. writer.-born war historian. He added an “e” to the surname in 1860. movie comedian. Gerald Fleming : Gergard Flehinger (1921– 2006). jazz musician.-born Br. U. Fitz-Boodle being a pipe-smoking bachelor clubman. U. Letters on Several Subjects (1742). stage actress.S. movie actor. playwright. novelist.S. written jointly with his sister. Eng. Artists. The historian originally had the Hebrew name Yosef ben Mattityahu. when she married her second husband. when on stage. SF writer. movie actor. Edmond Fleg: Edmond Flegenheimer (1974– 1963). The actor first trod the boards of the London music hall as Fargo the Boy Conjuror. Barry Fitzgerald. Barry Fitzgerald: William Joseph Shields (1888–1961). poet. Elizabeth. Hugh Fitzgerald see Floyd Akers Walter Fitzgerald: Walter Fitzgerald Bond (1896–1977). This makes sense when it is remembered that Fitz means “son.) After Flanagan and Allen’s popular song “Underneath the Arches” was published in 1932 the profits began to roll in. Shelley used this name for Posthumous Fragments of Margaret Nicholson (1810).” His first break in show business was given him by Florrie Forde [Bill McGowran.S. U. and Bud and he were reconciled. Br. classical scholar. The writer used this name for the supposed author of The Fitz-Boodle Papers.1952]. tried his fortune on the vaudeville stage as Bobby Wayne. stage. & Photographers. Roger Fitzalan see Elleston Trevor Edward Fitzball: Edward Ball (1792–1873).S. Melmoth used this name for his first book.S. Thackeray himself was a member of the Garrick. U. stage. The name Flanagan was inherited from his army years. Ian Fleming: Ian Macfarlane (1888–1969). Eng. novelist. Sir Thomas Fitzosborne: William Melmoth (1710–1799). She continued as Minnie Maddern until 1890. Paul Fix: Paul Fix Morrison (1901–1983). She also wrote as Caroline Cory and Stuart Mary Wick. By day he was thus William Shields.S.” He added Flavius to this when the Roman emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus (better known as Vespasian) granted him the rights of a Roman citizen and appointed him historiographer of the Flavius gens (clan). after a brief interlude as a boxer with the ring name of Luke McGluke. Bryant Fleming see Gig Young George Fleming : Julia Constance Fletcher (1858–1938). Eng. The pseudonym is thus based on the names of London clubs: the Savage Club and Boodle’s still flourish. N. when he was 18. working in U. Minnie Maddern Fiske: Marie Augusta Davey (1865–1932). cartoonist. “You See Him Everywhere. general. Oliver Fleming : Philip MacDonald (1900– Fisk. playwright Harrison Grey Fiske.S. and named it “Arches. after which she performed as Minnie Maddern Fiske. The actress made her stage debut with her parents at the age of three under her mother’s maiden name of Maddern. and by night. At the age of 13 he emigrated with his family to the United States and.” He took the name on resuming his career on the stage. Francis Flagg : Henry George Weiss (1898– 1946). and he chose a typical Irish name. teaming with Chesney Allen. Bud Flanagan: Chaim Reuben Weintrop (1896– 1968). Back in Britain again at the start of World War I he joined the army as Driver Robert Winthrop. (Later the sergeant-major became a barman in London. The writer used this name for her detective novels. Fr. stage. published in the same year as Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire.” in Late Extra: A Miscellany by “Evening News” Writers. of Pol. John Fitzvictor: Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792– 1822). When Shields began his acting career. Jewish historian.

1330).-born U. U. movie actress. Regina Fong: Reginald Bundy (1945–2003). The gay icon. Eng.S. Eng. Eng. Ir.” Evangeline Florence: Evangeline Crerar. movie actress. jazz musician. ballet dancer. Ronald MacDonald (1860–1933). Richard Flexmore: Richard Flexmore Geatter (1824–1860). Gorch Fock: Hans Kinau (1880–1916). “Luciano” would accord with this to mean “light” (Italian luce). entertainer. who trained as a dancer. TV actress.S. The aim of the name change was to avoid being confused with her actress sister. The dancer adopted a French form of his original Russian name. “Yours very sincerely. literally “thunderbolt. critic. Fr. The poet’s name may have been suggested by his medieval predecessor. Florizel see Perdita (2) Flotsam: Bentley Collingwood Hilliam (1890– 1968). fantasy writer. The singer began her career in 2006 as Florence Robot Is a Machine. parentage. rock musician. opera singer. playwright. some time before he signed a contract with . pantomime artist. choreographer.1270–c.” Joan Fontaine: Joan de Havilland (1917–). U. Farrell (1904–1979). U.S. Robert de Flers: Marie-Joseph-Louis-CamilleRobert Pellevé de la Motte-Ango. choreographer. stage. following her mother’s divorce and subsequent remarriage to George M. female impersonator. Smith Herb Flemming : Arif Nicolaiih El-Michelle (1898–1976). Futurist poet. Fr. of Tunisian parentage. and this gave her later name. Waldo Fleming see S. Wayne Fontana: Glyn Geoffrey Ellis (1945–). The writer’s adopted surname is the German word for “foresail. from his nickname. sculptor.J. assumed the royal title “Her Imperial Highness the Grand Duchess Regina Fong. known as Folgore da San Gimignano.-born U.-born U.–Br. Fleury: Abraham-Joseph Bénard (1750–1822). stage. Russ. Cambridge. U. Folgore. Flemish painter. née Houghton (1873–1928). and made her screen debut as such in No More Ladies (1935). Flotsam and Jetsam. novelist. U. Sp. U. Luciano Folgore: Omero Vecchi (1888–1966). Helen Foley: Helen Rose Fowler. Fontaine. The writer attended Newnham College. It. Raúl Flores Canelo: Raúl Flores González (1929–1992). Br. the “machine” being drums. actor. Mexican ballet dancer. novelist. The musician’s unusual name is said to have arisen from his willingness to make the tea when working in a recording studio. Eng. The writer used this name for novels written jointly with his father. Michel Fokine: Mikhail Mikhailovich Fokin (1880–1942). brother of Frans Floris. flamenco dancer. Jonathan Lituleson Fogarty: James T.P. opera singer.” implying a poetic luminary. movie actress. Eng.” denoting the seafaring theme that runs through his books. U. Eng. The comic singers always signed off their act with the phrase. U. D. theater designer. He wrote independently under the names Anthony Lawless and Martin Porlock. Iacopo di Michele (c.– U. née Huxley (1917–).” Flotsam was a countertenor. Olivia de Havilland (1916–). comic actor. Frans Floris: Frans de Vriendt (1515–1570). George U. actor. drag artist. She adopted the name Joan Fontaine in 1937. teaming with Jetsam. A fellow technician was nicknamed “Drought. Eng.S. composer. Nina Foch: Nina Consuelo Maud Fock (1924– 2008). pop singer. Ger. Keri Flynn see Ellen Burstyn Josiah Flynt: Josiah Flint Willard (1869–1907). Cornelis Floris: Cornelis de Vriendt (1514– 1575). movie actress.S. The actress originally toured with regional theater groups under the name Joan Burfield. poet Helen Foley (1896– 1937). Arnold Flint see J. Fletcher: Fletcher Pratt (1897–1956).S.S.S. stage. Barbara Flynn: Barbara Joy McMurray (1948–). Rhonda Fleming : Marilyn Lewis (or Louis) (1922–). rock-group producer. marquis de Flers (1872–1927). Du. Eng. Br. as fit- Fleming • Fantana ting for his name (flotsam floats on the surface of the water). Florestan see Eusebius (2) Floridor: Josias de Soulas. Flemish architect. Lola Flores: Dolores Flores Ruiz (1923–1995).S. of U. of Ir. The bass adopted an italianized form of his name. American history. Ellis adopted his stage name in honor of Elvis Presley’s 1950s drummer.S. and adopted the name of an earlier Newnham student.179 1981). naval. brother of Cornelis Floris. parentage. Florence and the Machine: Florence Mary Leonine Welch (1986–). The name happens to represent the first part of her married name and last part of her maiden name. Signor Foli: Allan James Foley (1835–1899).S.S. William Jermyn Florence: Bernard Conlin (1831–1891). comedy writer. mystery writer. pianist. Fr. while Jetsam was a bass (jetsam often sinks when thrown overboard). writer on life as a hobo. McCall Flood: Mark Ellis (1960–). Robert Fletcher: Robert Fletcher Wycoff (1923–). Fontana.S. writer. Sieur de Prinefosse (?1608–1671).S.

The name seems to have a Scottish reference. 1974]. Dick Foran: John Nicholas Foran (1910–1979). On the title pages of his books his name alternated between Ford Madox Ford and Ford Madox Hueffer. U. later in the decade. I. thriller writer..’ he said. Eng. Elbur Ford see Jean Plaidy Emile Ford: Emile Sweetman (1937–). He also wrote as Richard Raine. He elaborated on the surname first. and then Lionel began to juggle with Christian names to go with it. while for The Simple Life Limited (1911) and The New Humpty-Dumpty (1912) he was Daniel Chaucer.. movie actress. Eng. “You couldn’t succeed with such a suburban moniker as Peggy Hookham.S. Jay Bernard. London actor and theater manager.. Earlier. grandson of the painter Ford Madox Brown (1821– 1893).. stage. It. showbusiness performer. working in U.’ He . wife of actor Sir Ralph Richardson (1902–1983). ‘Forbes-Robertson. Forbes it was. I hadn’t the vaguest idea what he was talking about. October 24.’ he said. I managed to blurt out my grateful acceptance of the miracle. editor. U. Clinton Ford: Ian George Stopford Harrison (1931–2009). Francis Ford: Francis O’Fearna (1883–1953). 2004]. novelist. in which he sang to the child star Shirley Temple under the name Nick Foran. then. ‘From now onwards you’re Bryan Forbes’” [Bryan Forbes. Moderata Fonte: Modesta Pozzo de’Zorzi (1555–1592). it was necessary to be thought Russian or Italian or anything uncommon” [Sunday Times. Brenda Forbes: Brenda Taylor (1909–1996)... The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. ‘How does that strike you?’ .S. and Harold English. Bryan Forbes: John Theobald Clarke (1926–). Eng.. Ford Madox Ford: Ford Hermann Hueffer (1873–1939). Athol Forbes: [Rev..’ I nodded. stage actress. The inspired Nita [Hookham. the coincidentally named Philips’ Fontana label for his first recording in 1963.’ Lionel went on. Br. As staunch Catholics. to Joseph Leopold Ford Hermann Madox Ford. producer. The actor’s name was chosen for him at the start of his stage career: “[BBC radio producer] Lionel Gamlin . movie actor. Vol.S. With Sundry Other Verses for Notes of Music (1893) he was Fenil Haig.. singer. It seems ridiculous today. Eng. Bahamanian rock singer. ‘You want a good sounding name. revisiting as it does its origin. and recreating the self in the process” [Max Saunders. Meriel Forbes: Meriel Forbes-Robertson (1913– 2000). These things are important’ . teaming with Chocolat. U. Eng. movie. whose second wife was the U.” by Bo Diddley. grandniece of Johnston Forbes-Robertson (see under Bryan Forbes). ahead of me in the game. novelist.Fonte • Ford 180 wrote it down .S. actress Gertrude Elliott. a relative in the theatre would bring disgrace.] Had he suggested I call myself Joseph Stalin I would have agreed without a murmur . This was the author’s main pseudonym. ‘and one that looks right on the bills. Eng. Ford Madox Ford: A Dual Life. He changed “Nick” to “Dick” on signing with Warner Bros. The free-living poet and novelist modified the spelling of his middle name for distinction from the automobile manufacturer Henry Ford (1863–1947) and the latter’s grandson Henry Ford II (1917–1987). the former for his sequence of war novels with main character Christopher Tietjens as well as for travel books and reminiscences. Stanton Forbes: Deloris Stanton Forbes (1923–). ‘Fine. screenwriter. was also named John Clarke. “Although Ford’s change of name may register the wish to escape. Br. Notes for a Life. 1996]. it also recognises the impossibility of escaping. announced that it would be necessary for me to change my name. Foran’s first screen appearance was in the 1934 musical Stand Up and Cheer. religious writer. movie actor. brother of John Ford. playwright. you know.. a version of “Road Runner. poet. then in 1919. ‘Bryan with a Y. [He was talking about Johnston ForbesRobertson (1853–1937). writer. movie actor. movie actor. Fonteyn’s mother] wrote to her paternal family (wealthy Brazilians by the name of Fontes) for permission to use their name. U..S. embarrassed by his German surname. circus clown. English actress Meriel Forbes was his grandniece.. for The Questions at the Well.] Forbes Alexander Phillips (1866–1917). Eng. mystery writer. they responded with a resounding ‘No’. sister of Maxine Elliott. Br. ballet dancer. was baptized a Roman Catholic with the additional Christian names Joseph Leopold. Colin Forbes: Raymond Harold Sawkins (1923–2006). In 1915 he changed his name by deed poll to Ford Madox Hueffer. Charles Henri Ford: Charles Henry Ford (1908–2002). I dimly comprehended that Lionel was asking if I would accept Brian. but 70 years ago. ‘Forbes has a good theatrical ring to it. Another young actor. The musician adopted his American-style name early in his career after forming his own skiffle group. Ralph Forbes: Ralph Taylor (1902–1951). with English ballet in its infancy. TV actress.. I think. Instead the ‘s’ became an ‘n’ and with the addition of the ‘y’ the fledgling dancer sounded properly foreign. George Footit: Tudor Hall (1864–1921).S. Eng. [Dame] Margot Fonteyn: Peggy Hookham (1919–1991). Miranda Forbes: Maddalena Stephanie Weet (1946–). The writer. that’s it.

Mary Ford: Iris Colleen Summer (1928–1977). George Foster Smith.S. who signed himself simply C. Michigan. novelist. movie actor.S. novelist. The editors took her on and her pseudonym soon became familiar to the public. black labor leader. Some sources give the director’s original name as John Martin Feeney. his elder brother. editor of the sporting newspaper Spirit of the Times. Leslie Ford: Zenith Brown. Hoy. novelist. music-hall singer. Eng.” Mr. James’s family took a new surname soon after his birth. his parents divorced and his mother moved from Omaha.S. Brown . Cypress. The comedian. adopting the name Harry Archer. Hilary Ford see John Christopher James William Ford: James William Foursche (1893–1957). James would supplement his small wages by singing in the street. Fr. a popular New York weekly. Mark Forest: Lou Degni (1933–). Ford • Formby Nikolay Foregger: Nikolay Mikhaylovich Greyfenturn [Greifenturn] (1892–1939). U. author. movie. when a white policeman questioning his father said that “Foursche” was too difficult to spell and changed the name to Ford. George Formby: George Hoy Booth (1904– 1961).S. singer. and sent to different towns in the north of England to earn a shilling or two for his “manager.S. who wrote under the psudonym J. working in U. movie actor.S. took his new name for professional purposes in 1923. The actor assumed the name of a friend killed in a railroad accident.S.S.S. Jr. U.S.S. The actor’s new first name was an americanized form of his birth name. choosing for this the name of the mountainous region in the Massif Central that Resistance workers found so suitable for cover. U. Communist party official. It was an elaboration of the middle name of his father. William P. to Grand Rapids. where he was “discovered” by a Mr. poet. which reflected his mother’s Welsh origins. movie comedian. DJ. teacher. together with another boy who had teamed up with him. of Russ. Keeley Ford: Mair Davies (1948–). offering her services as a regular contributor and signing herself “Fanny Forester. took the same stage name as his father. The name was suggested to him by William T. U. of Ir.S. Br. TV actor. whom she married in 1949 (but divorced in 1964)..181 Frankie Ford: Francis Guzzo (1939–). Fanny Forester: Emily Chubbuck Judson (1817– 1854). Eng. country singer. Jr. U. Jewish parentage. James Forman: James Rufus (1928–2005).S. where she married Gerald R. Webster Ford see Dexter Wallace Florrie Forde: Florence Flanagan (1876–1940). Emily Chubbuck changed direction. Russ. editor.-born U. Wallace Ford: Samuel Jones Grundy (1897– 1966). teaming with Les Paul. Antonia Forest: Patricia Giulia Caulfield Tate Rubinstein (1915–2003). movie actor.-born Br. Mauriac wrote Cahier Noir (1943). which was already his middle name. U. Following the publication of a number of children’s books under her maiden name. U.S. John Ford: Sean Aloysius O’Fearna (1895– 1973). Sr. When Sean O’Fearna graduated from high school in 1913. The actor adopted his mother’s maiden name. ukelele player. (1913–2006). U. U. detective novelist. hunting. was working as a director and actor in Hollywood and had already adopted the name Ford. rock singer. née Jones (1898– 1983). The writer. who adopted the boy and gave him his name. TV interviewer. Eng. Francis Ford.. Ford. When working for the French Resistance. Keith Fordyce: Keith Marriott (1928–). and followed these up with pieces of his own under the name Frank Forester. Eng. Walter Forde: Thomas Seymour (1896–1984). comic stage. Brown. whose middle name. Porter. Ford. U. and fishing in the 1830s. Gerald R. an English equivalent of the Irish (but with Martin as a middle name).S. In June 1844 she wrote an amusing letter to the Mirror. U. movie director. In 1842 he edited a collection of sketches by a friend. music-hall artist James Lawler Booth (1877–1921). Sean took the same name when he joined him. Frank Forester see Lieutenant Murray Forez: François Mauriac (1885–1970). radio. Glenn Ford: Gwyllyn Samuel Newton Ford (1916–2006). popular radio singer. Jr. Br.S. Br.” a name that may have been suggested by that of Frank Forester. Forester. working in U.-born U. playwright. president. The singer was given her stage name by Paul. Paul Ford: Paul Ford Weaver (1901–1976). calling himself Jack Ford. Haws. parentage. Can. How did Booth Senior come to acquire his name? As a young millworker. was his mother’s maiden name. When the 38th president of the United States was still an infant. children’s novelist. The writer also used the names Brenda Conrad and David Frome.: Leslie Lynch King. civil rights activist. ballet producer. Nebraska. Cecil Scott Forester: Cecil Lewis Troughton Smith (1899–1966). Br. Herbert began writing articles about horses. Frank Forester: Henry William Herbert (1807– 1858). Austral. movie director.

Jean Forsyth: Jean Newton McIlwraith (1859– 1938).: [Rev. playwright. novelist. to his own name of Booth and decided there and then to make it his own. novelist. Helen Forrest: Helen Fogel (1918–1999). U. of Sc. Phoebe Foster: Phoebe Eager (1896–?). Bruce Forsyth: Bruce Joseph Forsyth-Johnson (1928–). Fortuna: Diego Mazquiarán (1895–1940). Sp.S.S. and Uncle Frank always had a liking for the name. Fougasse: Cyril Kenneth Bird (1887–1965). movie actress. novelist. essayist. Beginning with the first letter of the alphabet he went through in his mind all the names he could think of and stopped when he got to ‘G’ and George. conductor. Eng. Chaber. short-story writer. U. and Marlene.S.S. Ger. organist. John Forsell: Carl Johan Jacob (1868–1941). To cut his expenses. Alan Forrest: Allan Forrest Fisher (1889–1941). Phil Foster: Fivel Feldman (1914–1985). It suited him. conductor..S. But Jimmy or James did not go with it. The writer created her pseudonym from the Firth family motto. Susanna. Norman Foster: Norman Hoeffer (1900–1976). U. Eng. SF writer. The name appealed to him. pop.born U. stage actor. in a theatrical sense. George Forrest. Mrs. Steve Forrest: William Forrest Andrews (1924–). U. among them Bonnie Blue. movie actor. A sign on one of the wagons showed that it came from Formby. Non Fortuna” (“By God. Eng. entertainer. Br. editor. (1915–1999). U. naturalist. Jimmy happened not to be in the basket and sat watching coal wagons go by. Bird adopted his unusual name in order to avoid confusion with another would pay James threepence a week and the other boy sixpence. U. editor.S. Brown transported the boys in the traveling props basket. movie actor. Can. artist. Friedrich Forster: Waldfried Burggraf (1895– 1958). writer of occult novels. movie actor. U. stage. jazz singer. 1974]. Br. Lance Fortune: Chris Morris (1940–). parentage. Jr. bullfighter. movie actress. His change of name coincided with his desire to end the singing partnership” [Alan Randall and Ray Seaton.S. George Forth see Harold Frederic Franco Fortini: Franco Lattes (1917–1994). It. Esq. movie actress. Paul Fort (1872–1960) happens to be the name of a French poet. explained the likely origin of the name in a letter to Alice Marble: “My father’s name was Paul. M. The singer began her career under various assumed names.S. movie actor. of obvious but appropriate derivation. and Clay Richards. singer. Jodie Foster was given her new first name as a child by her three older siblings. with the lid down. Paul Fort: Frank Richard Stockton (1834– 1902). stage director.S. Robert Forster: Robert Foster. Susanna Foster: Suzanne DeLee Flanders Larson (1924–). Lukas Foss: Lukas Fuchs (1922–2009). writer.” Compare the name of Nelly Bly. working in U. lyricist. TV host. but Stockton took his pseudonym before the Frenchman had made his mark. stage. novelist. Can. The Blue Lady. U. George “Chet” Forrest: George Forrest Chichester. Austral. composer. The writer used this pen name. That was it — George Formby. . poet. The actress began her career as an opera singer and took her professional name from that of Stephen Foster and his song “Oh. David Forrest: David Denholm (1924–). writer. p.S. George Formby. when they were travelling from Manchester to Bury.] John George Wood (1827–1889). (1941–). U. U. Stairs (1892–?). cartoonist. Sidney Forrest: Louise E. composer. U. TV comedian.S. composer.S. pianist. of Russ. Ger. Swe.Forrest • Fougasse 182 John Forsythe: John Lincoln Freund (1918– 2010). Frank Foster: Daniel Puseley (1814–1882). Helen Forrester: June (or Jamunadevi) Bhatia (1919–).A. not Fortune”). for the highly popular Every Boy’s Book (1855). It sounded right. Dianne Foster: Dianne Laruska (1928–). journalist. U. biographer. “Deo. Br. Willi Forst: Wilhelm Anton Frohs (1903–1980). Jewish parentage. crime. to avoid paying their train fares. U. movie actor. Eng. Dion Fortune: Violet Mary Firth (1890–1946).-born Can. He preferred it. Jr. Jodie Foster: Alicia Christian Foster (1962–). Sam Forrest: Simon Mordecai Lazarus (1870– 1944). Crossen also wrote as M.178].E. Richard Foster: Kendell Foster Crossen (1910– 1981). Sally Forrest: Katharine Scully Feeney (1928–). U. who had originally intended it for the future Georgie Fame. Eng. opera singer. “On one occasion. Mr.S. movie actor.S. The singer’s name was given him by impresario Larry Parnes. Stockton’s niece. Lancashire. stage actress. movie actress. U. MacAllister. Fort was a name running through a branch of the Evans family in the south and Fort Evans was Aunt Marian’s [Stockton’s wife’s] cousin” [Marble. Christopher Monig.S. Austr.S. U. Fortis: Leslie Forse (1907–1978).S.S.

he changed his first name to James on discovering another British actor called William Fox.S. The Screen Actors Guild prohibits any two members from working under the same stage name. succeeding Evoe in 1949. but in 1918 adopted the name Steven Fox. dramatist. Fox’ was even worse. Eddie Foy: Edwin Fitzgerald (1856–1928). screenwriter. Oliver Foulis: David Lloyd (1635–1692). Devlan adopted his stepfather’s surname. The writer used this name for Cabala. Ger.S. I stuck in the J. Redd Foxx: John Elroy Sanford (1922–1991). when his apprenticeship as a solicitor (lawyer) prohibited him from taking another job. stand-up comedian. Michael J. movie actor. a slightly modified form of the original. Frack see Frick Harry Fragson: Léon Vince Philippe Pott (orig- . new apartment. see the next word. however. U.. a fan of the Chicago Red Sox baseball team. black baseball player. working in U. and resubmitted my forms” [Michael J. The comic changed his name at age 16 because he felt that his original surname sounded too Irish. and remained as such. brother of movie actor Edward Fox (1937–).) He was the only cartoonist to be editor of Punch. The name as a whole was further suggested by the red fox featuring in children’s books.1950–). 2002].183 artist calling himself W. The satirist used this name for A wonderful. Fra . and new chair. Pollard.1910–1930). movie actress. Furthman (1888–1966). writer. was already known by his nickname “Chicago Red.S. Eng. the Fox of “Twentieth Century–Fox. Bird. Fox: Michael Andrew Fox (1961–). Hugh Foulis: Neil Munro (1864–1930). Eng. new city. who at one time played for that team. Lucky Man: A Memoir. It is not known why the player adopted his new name (formally John W. TV comedian. etc.-born U. his name on the credits was Jules Furthman... “if I fail as Jamie Foxx I’ll just change my name and come back as somebody else. movie.S. Ir.” when members of the public were encouraged to perform. U. Later. dramatist. And then I remembered one of my favorite character actors. by Adam Fouleweather. . The stripper’s stage name seems to suggest “foxy fanny. comedian.. His best-known pseudonym was Pasquil. probably as a consequence of general anti–German feeling at that time. or the History of Conventicles unvail’d (1664). F. Michael J. keeping his real name for Highland romances. Eng.. I’d also picked up a new identity. Can. of Ger. strange.-born U. Two of the 11 children born to four-times-married Foy were the movie actors Bryan Foy (1896– 1977) and Eddie Foy.S. Jr. for Fra Diavolo see Diavolo. the astrologer.. Eng. satirical pamphleteer. Jewish parentage. The writer usually signed his columns with his initials. movie.S.S. TV actor. humorist. Gene Fowler: Eugene Devlan (1890–1960).S. Hung. for Fra Angelico see Angelico. magician. in the 1960s.S. U. Julius Grinnell Furthman.S. ‘Michael A. new job. The name of the movie mogul. and they already had a ‘Michael Fox’ on the books. for Fra Bartolommeo see Bartolommeo. He later explained that “fougasse” was an old technical term for a small antipersonnel landmine which “might or might not go off. writer. William Fox: Wilhelm Fried Fuchs (1879– 1952).” John Foxx: Dennis Leigh (c.” was americanized when his family immigrated to the USA in 1880. Steven Fox: Jules G. Fowler).” and modestly thought the same could apply to his cartoons.g. Fox began his career as a child actor in 1950 under his original name. U. U.: journalist. Welsh biographer. He added an extra “d” to the second word of this and took his new surname from the baseball star Jimmie Foxx (1907–1967). U. “Along with a new country. The musician adopted his stage name in 1952.S. (He had himself been injured by a shell in World War I. Imro Fox: Isador Fuchs (1862–1910). movie executive.” he said at the time.. student in Asse-tronomy (1591). Fox. Adam Fouleweather: Thomas Nashe (1567– 1601). Sc. The comedian adopted his gender-neutral name in 1989 on discovering that it was easier for women to get stage time at “open mics. rock musician.” partly in reference to his red hair.P Franklin Pierce Adams (1881–1960). “The way I looked at it was. (1910–1983). Nita Foy: Anita Fay Tipping (c. but ‘Andrew Fox’ or ‘Andy Fox’ didn’t cut it for me. My middle name is Andrew. James Fox: William Fox (1939–). Fouleweather • Fragson Sidney Fox: Sidney Liefer (1910–1942). journalist. and miraculous Astrologicall Prognostication for this year of our Lord God 1591. For names beginning thus. Furthman signed his earliest films by his full name. jazz musician. which I sometimes tell people stands for either Jenuine or Jenius. Bud Fowler: John Jackson (1858–1913). movie actress..A. U. Argentinian striptease artist. The comedian. e. Munro used this name for humorous stories of life in western Scotland. stage. Rock Fox: Charles Meredith (1933–).” Jamie Foxx: Eric Morlon Bishop (1967–). U. Two years later. Fanne Foxe: Annabel Battistella (1936–). in which he replied to the savage attack on him by Richard Hervey.

movie actor. Eng. he began writing the lyrics for his brother George’s songs in the 1920s. The singer appeared as an 11-year-old on Arthur Godfrey’s TV talent show. Br. Doris Francis: Doris Akast (1903–?). but also because the child’s mother was a Frenchwoman. Eng. Eng. Matthew Francis: Francis Edwin Matthews (1953–). partly as a memorial to his visit. which he later diplomatically changed to Fragson” [Jacques Pessis and Jacques Crépineau. was called “Monsieur France” by his customers. dramatist. songwriter. Alexis France: Alexis McFarlane (1906–).” referring to St. painter. journalist. (It enters the sea south of Dunedin. U. St. “He first chose the stage name Frogson. James Dwight Francis (married 1922). Clare. It.S. Kay Francis: Katherine Edwina Gibbs (1899 or 1903–1968). of It. The writer adopted the first name of her husband.E. novelist. Anatole France: Jacques-Anatole-François Thibault (1844–1924). after an abortive literary start. from Provence. Francis: Mary Elizabeth Blundell. The actress’s stage name came from that of her first husband. Joan Francis: Joan Francis Willi (1920–1995). who shortly returned from a visit to France. According to this version. Francis Nicholas Blundell (1853–1884). stage. Rhodesian-born Br. Connie Francis: Concetta Rosa Maria Fran- . poet.S. N. theatrical producer. Eng. Paula Frances: Paula Frances Muldoon (1969–). Br. U. “According to one tale. TV actress. the very name of St. Fr. The writer legally adopted the additional surname of Clutha.” as if referring to the country. pop singer.Z. as connecting Francis from the first with what he himself regarded as the romantic fairyland of the troubadours” [G. It. TV personality. The Moulin Rouge. Pietro Francavilla: Pierre de Francheville (c.S.” a name which in 1844 became “Librairie politique ancienne et moderne de France. 1990]. which if not true would be none the less typical. Franciscus a Sanctâ Clarâ: Christopher Davenport (1598–1680). and he suggested her new name as her existing name was long to remember and difficult to pronounce.S. music-hall comedian. [St. Eng. of Armenian parentage.) Victor Francen: Victor Franssen (1888–1977).] Francis of Assisi: Giovanni di Pietro di Bernadone (1182–1226).1548–1615). 1923]. Arlene Francis: Arlene Francis Kazanjian (1907– 2001). Ir. novelist.S. The artist came to be known by the Italian equivalent of his French name. François-Noël Thibault. Janet Frame: Janet Paterson Frame Clutha (1924–2004). Francesco Francia: Francesco di Marco di Giacomo Raibolini (c. U. née Sweetman (1859–1930). Jan Francisci: Janko Rimavskï (1822–1905). theologian. Chesterton. Mother Frances Mary Theresa: Frances Ball (1794–1861). taking it from a river that was important in her childhood. of Belg. Fr.-born Austral. actress. inally Fragmann) (1869–1913). who owned a bookshop. Francis was not so much a name as a nickname. movie actor.1450–1517). Ira Gershwin used this name when. It. singer. sculptor. this being a local form of François. The more probable story is that his mother had named him John in the absence of his father. where she was born. singer. stage actress. patriot. working in U. movie actress. Arthur Francis: Ira Gershwin (1896–1983).K.Frame • Francis of Assisi 184 conero (1938–). Ireland. In either case the name has a certain significance. The Franciscan friar took a name for his missionary work meaning “Francis of St.S. Tony Franciosa: Anthony George Papaleo (1928–2006). U. parentage. Clare. Belg. Franciabigio: Francesco di Cristofano (1484– 1525). Br. St. The generally accepted origin of the saint’s name is as follows. of It. preacher. It. painter. origin. Franco Franchi: Franco Benenato (1922–1992). Slovakian writer. Eng. Francis of Assisi and his follower and helper. U. teaming with Ciccio Ingrassia (1923–). movie actress. descent. his name was not Francis at all but John. Francis of Assisi. working in Canada. M. monk. The writer assumed his pseudonym not so much to emphasize his nationality as to mark the fact that his father. movie comedian. There would be something akin to his familiar and popular instinct in the notion that he was nicknamed very much as an ordinary schoolboy might be called ‘Frenchy’ at school. (When he opened the shop in 1839 he called it the “Librairie politique de France Thibault. His father was away on business in France at the time of his son’s birth and on his return changed the baby’s name to Francesco (Francis). where his commercial success had filled him with so much enthusiasm for French taste and social usage that he gave his son the new name signifying the Frank or Frenchman. Celia Franca: Nita Celia Franks (1921–2007). children’s writer. choreographer. and his companions called him ‘Francesco’ or ‘The little Frenchman’ because of his passion for the French poetry of the Troubadours.) Maud Jeanne Franc: Matilda Jane Evans (1827– 1886). novelist. ballet dancer. stage actress. working in Italy. religious founder of Loretto nuns.

Pat Frank: Harry Hart Frank (1907–1964). François: Alexandrine Sophie Bawr (1773– 1860).S. M. Fr. black blues singer. Liz Fraser: Elizabeth Winch (1933–). She then took the name Elizabeth Fraser. A phonetic modification of a European name for the benefit of an Englishspeaking audience. Sp. Frascuelo: Salvador Sánchez Povedano (1842– 1898). Jewish false messiah.S. actor. The actor adopted his grandfather’s name as his stage name. crime novelist.S. Jamaican reggae singer.185 Franco: Franco l’Okanga La Ndju Pene Luambo Makiadi (1938–1989). such as Carlos Escolar Martín (1948–). U. writer. pop musician.S. U. TV actress. composer. Freaky Tah: Raymond Rodgers (1971–1999). novelist. TV actress. U. Mary Frann: Mary Luecke (1943–1998). teacher. detective-story writer.S. Eng.S. Duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744). Br. Robert Caine Frazer see Gordon Ashe Philip Frazier: Philip Fraser (c. U. pianist. but finally adopted the short form of her first name. first using her pseudonym (her middle name and maiden name) for A World Full of Strangers (1975). comedies. He then expanded this as above in the 1970s following President Mobutu’s authenticité (indigenization) campaign. children’s stories). director. and Russian officer Baron de Bauer. A Russian-style name created from the dancer’s original first name. The artist adopted a typically unobtrusive French name on becoming a French citizen in the 1930s.-born Fr. Frédéric: Pierre Frédéric Malaverne (1810– 1872). Freeman’s father changed the family’s Jewish name following their immigration to the United States in 1904. Pol. Zaïrian guitarist. Cynthia Freeman: Beatrice Cynthia Feinberg. black rapper. U. Austr. of Ger. stage. which involved the renaming of the country (from Congo) together with its main provinces and cities. writer. bullfighter. The daughter of the Marquis Goury de Champgrand used this name for her literary works (novels.-born U. movie. Sydney Franklin: Sydney Frumkin (1903–?). Fr. Freeman turned to writing novels.1958–). TV actor. John Frederick see Max Brand Pauline Frederick: Beatrice Pauline Libbey (1883–1938). ballet dancer. Harry Franco: Charles Frederick Briggs (1804– 1877). White also wrote under the names Alec Haig and Alec Whitney. journalist. U. journalist. Fr. de Saint Simon and Mme. his best-known work. This was the significant name adopted by the duchess for her correspondence with Queen Anne (Mrs. melodramas). black Motown singer. Joseph Freeman: Joseph Lvovovitch (1897– 1965). novelist. U. Frédérick: Antoine-Louis Prosper Lemaître (1800–1876). née Freeman (?1915–1988). Melvin Franklin: David English (1942–1995). composer. reggae musician. The name.S. bandleader. U.S. movie actress. de Bawr for her musical compositions (romances. He used the pseudonym George Forth for the novel March Hares (1896) so as not to upset sales of The Damnation of Theron Ware.S.S. Jane Frazee: Mary Jane Frehse (1918–1985). Eng. Freeman: Sarah Churchill.S. Robert Franz: Robert Franz Knauth (1815– 1892). working in Russia. novelist.S. Frankmusik: Vincent Frank (1985–). Ger. author. Fréhel: Marguerite Boulc’h (1891–1951). Nicolas Freeling : Nicloas Davidson (1927– 2003). a pet form of Francisco (Francis). movie actress. Ukr. published that same year. Jamaican radio broadcaster. aristocrat. Comte de Saint-Simon.S. Rom. The actress was of . Harold Frederic: Harold Henry Frederick (1856–1898). ballet dancer. Following a career in interior design. cartoonist. Fr. Jewish parentage. In 1981 he converted to Islam and adopted the name Aboubakar Sidiki. Eng.S. Fr. James Fraser: Alan White (1924–). U. The latter two names refer to her two husbands: Frenchman Claude-Henry de Rouvroy. singer. U. cartoonist. illustrator. short stories. Mrs. Br. Eng. U. Dennis Franz: Dennis Schlachta (1944–). The musician’s original name was Okanga Luambo Makiadi. romantic novelist. Morley). Vera Fredowa: Winifred Edwards (1896–1989). movie producer and director Sidney Franklin (1893–1972). keeping Mme. Emma Franz: Marie von Pelzeln (1830–1894). Free I: Jeff Samuel Dixon (1946–1987). bullfighter. music-hall singer. journalist. André François: Andre Farkas (1915–2005). movie actor. Frederick dropped the final “k” from his surname early in his career in order to present himself as a distinctive writer. The actress originally played Franco • Fréhel under her real name. John Fred: John Fred Gourrier (1941–2005). movie actress. teacher. was later taken by other matadors. The actor should not be confused with the U. writer. U. Jacob Frank: Jacob Leibowicz (1726–1791). Fred: Othon Aristides (1931–).

but dropped the prefix in 1995. Jan Fridegard: Johan Fridolf Johansson (1897– 1968). TV actor. He also wrote as Rudolf Otreb. reggae musician. Frick. photographer. Samri Frickell see Anthony Abbot Janie Frickie: Jane Fricke (1947–). from a Spanish equivalent of French froufrou. opera singer. crime novelist. U. adventuress.1890–1958). writer. Fr. Br. Sc. David Frome see Leslie Ford Frost: Arturo Molina. but she adopted the pseudonym Fru-Fru. Austr. John Fubister: Isabelle Gunn (1781–1861). Br. Bruno Frei: Benedikt Freistadt (1897–1988). adding an “e” to his surname to match the one ending hers. of Mexican descent. sumo wrestler. of Sp. Freddie Frinton: Frederick Hargate (1911–1968). actress. with whom she emigrated to the U.S. Christopher Fry: Christopher Fry Harris (1907– 2005). rapper. Ashley French see Denise Robins Charles K. writer. TV. Austral. Mirella Freni: Mirella Fregni (1935–).1970–). Fu Manchu is the Chinese Breton origin and took her stage and screen name from Cape Fréhel. Ger.S. “of ” + shin. U.S. movie. Fred Friendly: Ferdinand Wachenheimer (1915–1998). Fru-Fru: Teresa de la Parra (1889–1936). Elmer Fudpucker: Hollis Champion (1935–).born Venezuelan novelist.S. Ger. Trixie Friganza: Brigid O’Callaghan (or Delia O’Callahan) (1870–1955). U. children’s writer. The singer took the name of her adoptive parents.” After Mauch died in 1979. her husband. movie actor. The singer adjusted the spelling of her name to avoid any mispronunciation. when in her early teens. illustrator. Eng. Sarah Jane Fulks see Jane Wyman Blind Boy Fuller: Fulton Allen (1908–1941). Groebli formed a partnership with Hansruedi Mauch and the two regularly teamed together as Frick and Frack. Krauss (1860– 1952). Aunt Friendly: Sarah S. Rosicrucian writer. The wrestler’s fighting name means “true Fuji” ( Japanese Fuji + no. TV producer. The motion-picture pioneer married Victoria Marina Friese as his first wife in 1874 and joined her name to his own. stage.T. vaudeville.S. She subsequently became an American citizen. Fr. painter. “Clown Kings of the Ice. Can. origin. singer. Welsh stage. U. U. country & western singer. an anagram of his name in the variant spelling Robert Floud.S. inventor. his maternal grandmother’s maiden name. on becoming a schoolteacher at age 18. a word used to imitate the rustling of a dress. writer.S. Eng. stage actor. The writer adopted his middle name. The soprano adopted a simplified spelling of her name for international use. Fulcanelli: Jean-Julien Champagne (1877– 1932). U. U. Donald Friend: Donald Stuart Leslie Moses (1915–1989). Gert Fröbe: Karl-Gerhart Froeber (1913–1988). Fujinoshin: Yagi Tesuya (1960–). opera singer. The writer’s full original name was Ana Teresa Parr Sanojo. blues singer. Gunn adopted this male name in 1806 when signing on with the Hudson’s Bay Company as part of a crew that in 1807 set sail aboard the Prince of Wales for the Nor’ West. and in 1809 she and her infant returned to Scotland.- . comedian. writer. Baker (1824–1906). Joachim Frizius: Robert Fludd (1574–1637). movie actor. short-story writer. Swe. Groebli performed alone as Mr. Pierre Fresnay: Pierre-Jules-Louis Laudenbach (1897–1975). The authors of psychological thrillers also write individually. movie actor. Willy Fritsch: Wilhelm Egon Fritz (1901–1973). Frisco Kid: Stephen Wray (c. movie actor. stage. (1964–). The artist adopted his mother’s maiden name following a family quarrel in the 1920s. Jap.S. Egon Friedell: Egon Friedmann (1878–1938). Fu Manchu: David Bamberg (1904–1974). movie actor. The entertainer adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. The musician originally performed as Kid Frost. country singer. Fr. Austr. ice-skating comedian. Jr. alchemist. The blind singer based his name on his physical condition and his original first name. Frederick Frost see Max Brand Sadie Frost: Sadie Liza Vaughan (1967–). Frick: Werner Fritz Groebli (1915–2008). Eng. U. Eng. physician. William Friese-Greene: William Edward Green (1855–1921). journalist. crime novelist + Sean French (1959–). French: Charles E. Fr. Swiss-born U. where she resumed the name of Gunn. Nicci French: Nicci Gerrard (1958–). magician. Swe. Peter French: John Nicholas ffrench (1935–). Eng. playwright. son of Okito. It. Presumably this came from a (possibly childhood) nickname. TV actress. movie comedian.S.S.Frei • Fu Manchu 186 Ir. Her sex was revealed when she gave birth to a son at the company post. Jamaican DJ. movie actor. Brittany. Joe Frisco: Louis Wilson Joseph (c. Olive Fremstad: Olivia Rundquist (1871–1951). “true”). Eng. Sami Frey: Samuel Frei (1937–).

Yvonne Furneaux: Yvonne Scatcherd (1928–). Jap. Hence his adopted name. jazz saxophonist. 2007]. half-brother of Dr. U. Johnny G: John Gotting (1949–). Eng. Eng.-born U. Mary Magdalen: Adrian Devos . U. So Fury should perhaps be your second name. where he further altered his name to Fuseli. we’ll call you Billy Fury. magician.K. Yes. justifying her stage name. Gabriel of St. Austral. Kenny G: Kenneth Gorelick (1956–).’ said Larry. Fuoco was a lively dancer. Naum Gabo: Naum Neemia Pevsner (1890– 1977). Mexican songwriter. from Italian fuoco. In 1770 he went to Italy. What a great name. you have a boy next-door appeal. Maybe Bobby or Billy. Ronnie Wycherley is a nice name but doesn’t really describe you. who changed his name to Gábor in 1899.S. Franceska Gaal: Fanny Zilveritch (1904–1972). Ir. working in U. The artist adopted a family name in 1915 for distinction from his brother. the year he married an actress. pop singer. . Juan Gabriel: Alberto Aguilera Valadés (1950–). a café entertainer. sculptor.” Robin Furneaux: Frederick William Robin Smith. novelist. U. Futabatei Shimei: Hasegawa Tatsunosuke (1864–1909). (2) Joseph Gabriel Wierzbicki (1958–). Henry Fuseli: Johann Heinrich Füssli (1741– 1825). meaning “separation. It. author. “Furuseth” was the name of the cottage in which Andreassen was born. Dre. sculptor and painter Antoine Pevsner (1886–1962). but you can’t use that because of Tommy Steele. Gabrielle: Louise Gabrielle Bobb (1970–). novelist. Frances Fyfield: Frances Hegarty (1948–). “Larry first asked Ronnie if he would like to be a professional singer.” “vigor.S. Jewish-Russ. writer on art. movie actress. Hung. a variant of Fuessli. Bobby G: Robert Gubby (1953–). Br. whose widow died in 1816. Rose Fyleman: Rose Amy Feilmann (1877– 1957).born Br.’ Already I was jealous of him. Billy. The writer was obliged to resettle in Kashgaria (Chinese Turkistan) in order to escape reprisals following his mockery of the authorities. ‘Wycherley’ mumbled Ronnie. Swiss-born Br. Billy describes you perfectly. pop singer. The inventor of holography was the son of Bertalan Günsberg. of Ger. origin. Eng. Friell first used the name for political cartoons in the Daily Worker (from 1936). I think you look furious at times when you’re singing. As for your first name. journalist.S. historian. whose career in British rock and roll management began with his promotion of Tommy Steele. who was perhaps the wife of the Rev. ballet dancer. pub rock singer. Uzbek poet. cartoonist. polemicist. translator. folk. movie actor. Füruzan: Füruzan Yerdelen.’ asked Larry. cartoonist. Adrienne Kálmán. minister of state to Artaxaminous.” a pet form of “Sari” (English “Sarah”). Francis Meeke. crime writer. to which the shy young man simply replied. Sc. movie actress. black “gangsta” rapper.S. “fire. Turk. working in U.’ ‘Tell me again. translator. The artist presumably adopted the name of Fusbos.” “alienation. The actor adopted the same professional name as that of his father. Norw. née Selçuk (1935–). The pen name may be the maiden name of the writer. electrical engineer. Fr. Gina G: Gina Gardner (1970–).-born Br. is pronounced “Za Za” by English speakers but “Zha Zha” (as in the Russian name “Zhukov”) by Hungarians. Warren G: Warren Griffin III (1970–). Russ.S. If so. beginning in 1912. of Hung. “Zsa Zsa. it suggests she was of Italian descent. painter. so we need something like Tommy.” Furkat: Zakirdzhan Khalmukhamedov (1858– 1909).S. Billy Fury. Rhodes’s farce Bombastes Furioso (1810).. Why couldn’t Larry have christened me Billy Fury?” [Vince Eager. painter. in William B. an alternate Fume • Gabriel spelling of his original German name. and retained this spelling on returning to England in 1779. physicist. ‘we have to find a suitable name for you. 3d Earl of Birkenhead (1936–1985). ‘Yes. Br.-born U. The writer adopted her first name as her pen name following the failure of her marriage. pop singer. Zsa Zsa Gabor: Sari Gabor (1923–). The artist settled in England in 1764 and at first adjusted his name to Fusseli. Br. Fr. Billy Fury: Ronald Wycherley (1941–1983). Eng. Hung. ‘Well. Joseph Fume see Stephen Oliver Abel Funnefello see Bernard Blackmantle Sofia Fuoco: Maria Brambilla (1830–1916). children’s writer. soul singer. novelist.187 master villain in the stories by Sax Rohmer. parentage. Fusbos: Henry Edward Doyle (1827–1892). labor leader. working in U. king of Utopia. Andrew Furuseth: Anders Andreassen (1854– 1938). what was your second name. The singer was renamed by impresario Larry Parnes. Gabriel: (1) James Friell (1912–1997). movie actress. Dennis Gabor: Dénes Gábor (1900–1979).. Vince Eager’s Rock n’ Roll Files. Br. to match the Italian pronunciation. a Hungarian of Russian and Spanish Jewish origin. Br. Gabrielli: Mary Meeke (?–?1816). Jean Gabin: Jean Alexis Moncorgé (1904–1976).S.

G.S. Novatus assumed his new name following his adoption by the senator Junius Gallio. painter. caricaturist. Zoë Gail: Zoë Margaret Stapleton (1920–). Egyptian-born U.A. . The second half of the singer’s surname is that of her first husband. opera singer. singer. jazz drummer. Bessie Gaines: Bessie Ginzberg (1890–1973). U. painter. Amelita Galli-Curci: Amelita Galli (1882– 1963). She became an American citizen in 1921. It. Rita Gam: Rita Mackay (1928–). artist. The singer changed his first name. Serge Gainsbourg: Lucien Ginzburg (1928– 1991). writer. Mazhit Gafuri: Gabdulmazhit Nurganiyevich Gafurov (1880–1934). divorced 1920).. Famous for dismissing the charges brought by the Jews against the apostle Paul (Acts 18:12–17).S. historian. And it is to you. poet. diplomat. Discalced Carmelite. Eng. Lasky. concert pianist. from his title as sheikh (superior) of the Galata monastery in Constantinople. of Russ.” as the writer explained at the end of his first published article: “I finished the article and thought: what pseudonym shall I use? . flamenco dancer. I like being with the gallery audience. Fr. my gallery-going colleagues. journalist. It means “the gallery. Cz. June Gale: June Gilmartin (1917–1996). U. working in Italy. Sp. movie actress. Belg. U. Antonio Gades: Antonio Estevez Ródenas (1936–2004). Geoffrey Gambado: Henry William Bembury (1750–1811). Turk. Sarah Gainham: Sarah Rachel Ames (1922–). and feel at home among such people. Before World War I. working in Denmark. stage actress. El Gallo: Rafael Gómez (1882–1962). The name perhaps combines those of two noted Russian artists.S.G. set in his native Sicily. 1986]. Russ. Kenyon Gambier: Lorin Andrews Lathrop (1859–1929). It. Boris Galin: Boris Abramovich Rogalin (1904–). the dancer Anna Pavlova and the singer Galina Vishnevskaya. Galina: Glafira Adolfovna Guseva-Orenburgskaya. Rom. He converted his Jewish surname to a Frenchstyle equivalent [Lucien Roux. Steve Gadd: Stephen K.1571–1617).S. popular singer.S. writer.” He also wrote as Seyh Galib.A. Leonora Galigai: Leonora Dora (c. The actor’s stage name means “hotchpotch” (modern French galimafrée). who gave Mary Astor her screen name. Sp. Junius Gallio: Lucius Annaeus Novatus (c. S. Jewish parentage. A name created from the writer’s initials and first name. Russ. U. Serge Gainsbourg.Gadd • Gambier 188 Galimafré: Auguste Guérin (1790–1870). (Tatar) poet.5 BC– AD 65).-born U. adventuress. Luxor Gali-Gali: Mahguob Mohammed Hanafi (1902–?). née Mamoshina (c. Gadda (1945–). In 1909 she married Jesse L. Gaisford (1913–after 1958).K. and Rom. working in U. Bernard Himmelhoff. anyway. poet. teaming with Bobèche. novelist. Philipp Galen: Ernst Philipp Karl Lange (1813– 1899). He had never liked it. novelist. This was a prerevolutionary name adopted by the activist better known as Mikhail Olminsky. comic actor. kept the name. Gais: R. Luigi Curci (married 1908. Gaines’s father. (Bashkir) writer. Fra Galgario: Vicente Ghislandi (1655–1743). novelist. Roman consul.” William Galt: Luigi Natoli (1857–1941). movie actress. theologian.. p. Lathrop used the name Andrew Loring for se- (1893–1953). bullfighter.S.S. of Fr. counterrevolutionary.S. which he regarded as that of a typical hairdresser (“Lucien coiffeur pour hommes”). U. ballet dancer. Russ. I am a theater lover. It. cartoonist. Fr.” the personal name meaning “victor. The writer’s adopted name means “Grandfather Galib.. ballet dancer. and for some reason always end up in the gallery. Eng. Ohio. It. Ger. revolutionary. magician. Lathrop was born in Gambier. It. Russ. The writer used this name for several historical novels. U. teacher. Galib Dede: Mehmed Esad (1758–1799). earlier Einerling. movie actor.S. Anna Galina: Evelyne Cournand (1936–). dancer. Vincenzo Galeotti: Vincenzo Tomaselli (1733– 1816). that I shall address my final words: I ask you to excuse me for daring to sign my personal article with our general collective name: Galyorka” [Dmitriyev. crime writer Radola Gajda: Rudolf Gejdl (1892–1948). . novelist. of Famous Players-Lasky. His daughter. Galyorka: Mikhail Stepanovich Aleksandrov (1863–1933). Nick Gaitano: Eugene Izzi (1953–1996). Shaukat Galiyev: Shaukat Galiyevich Idiatullin (1928–). where his grandfather and father had attended Kenyon College. novelist. originally from Russia. U. Br.117]. brother of Joselito.” “conqueror. The matador’s ring name means “the cockerel. children’s writer.1870–1942). descent. assumed the name Ginzburg around 1870. An anagrammatic name that happens to suggest that of the 2d-century Greek physician Galen. Gala Galaction: Grigore Pi£culescu (1879– 1961). songwriter. writer on mysticism. Russ. movie actress Charlotte Gainsbourg (1971–)..

When war broke out. Ilija Garasanin: Ilija SaviW (1812–1874). theatrical company manager. “Who was Kenyon Gambier?” in Kenyon College Alumni Bulletin. writer. Ganpat: Martin Louis Alan Gompertz (1886– 1951). Pedro de Gante: Peeter van der Moere (c. Joe Gans: Joseph Gant (1874–1910). journalist. “he wished to write on certain political subjects more freely than a member of the consular service could readily do. a photographer. poet. and took his legal name from his mother. Swe. poster artist. The boxer was said to be the son of an African-American baseball player. It is not clear why he altered her name to “Gans. The artist’s father. and his professional name from her boyfriend (later husband). beauty. Abram Games: Abraham Gamse (1914–1996). travel writer. who had long cherished it and was determined to bestow it on an actress worthy of it.1540–c. of Latvian-Pol.1486– 1572). which were immediately identified as coming from his pen. Françoise Péréthon. The writer’s name means “woe. Sivaji Ganesan: Villupuram Chinniah Pillai Ganesan (1927–2001). Kurt Gänzl: Brian Roy Gallas (1946–). working in Mexico. He was adopted at age four by Maria Gant and her husband. lyric poet. writer on music. GAN: Gösta Adrian-Nilsson (1884–1965). Annadurai’s play Sivaji Kanda Indhu Rajyam. Ir. Henri Garat: Henri Garascu (1902–1959). Ganconagh: William Butler Yeats (1865–1939).-born U. painter. The actor took his screen name from the Gemini Studios. movie actor. Eng. who was first taken on by the Germans in World War II to spy on the British. soldier. Games • Garbo played by Ganesan as the central character of C. Gandolin: Luigi Arnaldo Vassallo (1852–1906). satirical journalist. The star’s original name is in no doubt. Ger. The actor took his screen name from the 17th-century emperor Sivaji. Many explanations were later offered to explain the name. Garbo: Juan Pujol García (1912–1988). spy.Z. romance. was given his British codename after Greta Garbo for his acting skills. Someone wrote that he derived it from the first letters of a sentence he wrote describing Greta Gustafsson: Gör alla roller berömvärt opersonligt . The actor assumed the name of a character that he invented. graphics designer. The writer used the name for Poetical Tales by Sir Gregory Gander (1778). then settled on the variation.” after the acronymic nickname for a member of the Women’s Royal Naval Service. Abel Gance: Eugène Alexandre Péréthon (1889–1981). Ind. and thus ‘Kenyon Gambier’ came into being” [Tom Stamp. Gamgyusar: Aliguli Alikper Nadzhafov (1880– 1919). Games himself whimsically explained that he cut the “ham” from his first name because it wasn’t kosher. The ganconagh or ganconer is an amorous leprechaun-like fairy of Irish mythology. But how did he devise it? One version says that he “toyed with Gabor after Gabor Bethlen.” the latter being his birth town in what was then Flanders. Zan Ganassa: Alberto Naselli (c. Abel Flamant. one being “Wren. actor. working in U. The artist was usually known by this initialism. author. Summer/Fall 1997]. which became so memorable. How she acquired her screen surname is less certain.” It is possible this was her original name. emigrated to London in 1904 and in 1926 changed the family name by simply transposing the last two letters.” “sorrow. singer.” Sir Gregory Gander: George Ellis (1753–1815). movie director. sometimes known in English as the “love talker. Greta Garbo: Greta Lovisa Gustafsson (1905– 1990). Garbo” [Norman Zierold.1584). A detailed account of the name origin is given by one of Garbo’s many biographers: “The name. The moviemaker was the illegitimate son of a physician. It became necessary to adopt another pen name. everything he had associated in his childhood with the utmost happiness and the wildest dreams. The double agent. Madras (now Chennai). 1970].S. monk.” referring to the state of the capitalist and colonialist world as he saw it. an ancient Hungarian king.189 rial writing in magazines. Fr. Garbo. A form of the writer’s last name. Gemini Ganesan: Rawamswamy Ganesh (1920–2005). Fr. Ind. movie actor. misspelled “Gant” in sources. Peter Gan: Richard Moering (1894–1974). Belg. Jewish parentage. Sp. The name is generally thought to have been given to her by the Swedish movie director Mauritz Stiller. black lightweight boxer. The Franciscan monk came to be known by a Spanish name meaning “Peter of Ghent. Serbian prime minister. which he joined in 1946 as a casting assistant.N.” He had a number of imaginary agents. Eng. then by the British to work against the Germans. founder of the Maratha kingdom of India. missionary. dramatist. Swe. It. Adolphe Gance. movie actress.S. In his imagination the name suggested fairyland. It. Joseph Butts. was the invention of Mauritz Stiller. published together in 1891. Yeats adopted this name for the novella John Sherman and the short story Dhoya.K. U. N. writer. Azerbaijani satirical poet. He was known to the Abwehr as “Anabel. Br. movie actor.

just as Robin Goodfellow retains some features of the Great God Pan. Ava Gardner. Mary Holmquist. and the unexpected male name Karl Lund. The son of Jane Fonda (1937–). This origin is dismissed as “absurd” by a later writer. He later joined his new name to the original.73]. Ava: My Story. N. John Garfield: Jacob Julius Garfinkle (1913– 1952). poet. TV actor. This elfin creature was a descendant of the dreaded gabilun of Swedish and German folklore. Jean Clark. A number of sources give the actress’s “real” name as Lucy Johnson. movie actor. isn’t it?”’ [Robert Payne. Which is where we came in.. movie producer. Sc. smiled. 1990]. “Practicing Engineer. poet. 1982. Another is that Greta had visited some relatives who lived on a farm called “Garboda. U. Gardons: William De Witt Snodgrass (1926–). p. working in Argentina. editor of Russkoye bogatstvo (“Russian Riches”). Fr. Garin: Nikolay Georgiyevich Mikhaylovsky (1852–1906). Br. Cuban-born U. U. a mysterious sprite that sometimes comes out at night to dance to the moonbeams. U. who was killed by Kudrun.. and said. his son’s name. Garbo. No one knows the true origin of the word. who performed in Italian for ItalianAmerican audiences. stage.S.S. sister of poet James (originally John Morris) Reeves (1909–1978). Garbo used other pseudonyms.L. movie actor. Still others imagined it was derived from the name of Erica Darbo. changed “Jules” to “John” in 1938. Noel Gardner see C.-born U. 1990]. North Carolina [1. GabOR.” and that may be the source [Frederick Sands and Sven Broman. “to tan” (as in making leather): “‘When I saw you for the first time.” deriving it from Gábor Bethlen. Allen Garfield: Allen Goorwitz (1939–).. Joyce Gard: Joyce Reeves (1911–). Arthur Nordén. the diminutive form of Georgy. children’s writer.S.” But this would obviously not be suitable for a fictional work. “Stiller rather liked it but kept trying out different variations: Gábor. Russ. nephew of Peter Fonda (1939–). U. Stiller simply looked up in the air. The actor began his career at the age of five as the main character in The Shoeshine Boy. Moore S.S. Gussie Berger. and cousin of Bridget Fonda (1964–) was (“Plays all roles in a commendably impersonal fashion”). Helen Hamilton Gardener: Alice Chenoweth (1853–1925). Emily Clark.S. Andy Garcia: Andrés Arturo García Menéndez (1956–). writer. 1976]. Troy Garity: Troy Fonda (1974–). The Divine Garbo. ‘I really don’t know. 1979]. The musician adopted the name of his maternal grandmother.” he thus took the name Inzhener-praktik. giving the surname Garin-Mikhaylovsky [Dmitriyev.. Miss Swanson (surely misleading?). among them Harriet Brown (her favorite).. 2. movie actor. for which he adopted a name based on Garya. U. suffragist. suggested “Mona Gabor. movie actress. The writer used various pseudonyms for her short stories and essays before finally settling on this name.S. But it’s right.S. Arthur Gardner: Arthur Goldberg (1910–). Gabro . For his first article. U.S. the magazine in which he was first published. Sp. Robert Garioch: Robert Garioch Sutherland (1909–1981). movie director. you were beautiful. an Italian play presented by the Gennaro Gardenia Company. “A few words about the Siberian railway. of Brogdon. I must wygarbovaW this girl’” [Antoni Gronowicz. It. José Luis Garci: José Luis Garci Monoz (1944–). orchestral conductor.S. When asked about it. . U. translator. Jules Auguste Garcin: Jules Auguste Salomon (1830–1896). A more plausible explanation can be found in the garbon. The Great Garbo. movie actor. movie actor. who offers his own theory. 1995]. The pseudonym is an obvious anagram of the poet’s surname. A more recent biographer claims Stiller took it from Polish wygarbowaW.. screenwriter.. Garbo!” [Barry Paris. Ava Gardner: Ava Lavinia Gardner (1922– 1990).” His assistant. Vincent Gardenia: Vincent Scognamiglio (1922–1992). Nikolay Konstantinovich Mikhaylovsky. but your beauty was not refined. Karin Lund. Stiller wanted a name that was “modern and elegant and international [and] says just as clearly who she is in London and Paris as in Budapest and New York. I said to myself.Garci • Garity 190 Carlos Gardel: Charles Romuald Gardés (1890– 1935).-born movie actor. This does not exhaust the theories. grandson of Henry Fonda (1905–1982). The actor used the stage name Jules Garfield until Warner Bros. Jane Emerson. Garbo: A Biography.S. The gabilun breathed fire from its nostrils and could assume any shape at will. and some memory of his ancient power remained in the garbon. John Daniell. Alice Smith. Ava Gardner. novelist. his father’s group. Others remembered that garbo in Spanish and Italian is a rarely used word describing a peculiar kind of grace and charm. Fr.S. But she was born the daughter of Jonas Bailey Gardner and Mary Elizabeth Balcer. From 1978 through 1983 the actor was billed under his real name. a famous Norwegian singer of the time. Ed Gardner: Edward Poggenberg (1901–1963). The writer was obliged to take a new name to be distinguished from his near namesake. U. a 17th-century Hungarian king.

in a bid to protect his anonymity as a member of the famous acting dynasty. Gary devised a literary double for himself as Émile Ajar. / That’s Judy. that of his paternal grandmother. after a Hoagy Carmichael and Sammy Lerner song about a girl with a voice as fresh as spring. movie actor.S. Later he would be compared to a little bird for the way he flew past defenders” [Bellos.-born Austral. he noticed that their name. said to derive from his inclusion of a gillyflower (Italian garofano) in a corner of his paintings. p. The writer adopted her mother’s maiden name for her novels.’ made the audience snicker. “He had only one problem with the Gumm sisters. working in Dominica. The writer took her occasional pen name from the elderly main characters. “tempering” (as of steel). the first of almost 30 domestic dramas. crime novelist. rock singer. Judy adopted her new first name. Though Ethel used ‘Gumm’ a few more times — a typographical error found one theater advertising the Glum Sisters — the Garland Sisters they now were. ‘These kids should have a new name!’ he told Ethel [Gumm. of Armenian parentage. under which name he won the Prix Goncourt in 1975 for La Vie devant soi (“The Life Before One”). née Gordon-Cumming (1892–c. Andrew Garve: Paul Winterton (1908–2001). Charles Garry: Garabed Hagop Robutlay Garabedian (1909–1991). (1949).’ she replied.S. the word for a small bird. journalist. Garofalo: Benvenuto Tisi (?1481–1559). Romain Gary: Roman Kacewgary (later Kassevgari) (1914–1980). and the nickname stuck. and happily accepted his alternative: Garland. [Barbara] Wright reviewed for the TLS the new work in French by Émile Ajar. ‘Who is Émile Ajar?’ Wright asked.-born novelist. Leif Garrett: Leif Per Nervik (1961–).1975). politician. The writer based his new name on gart.S. of Sc. journalist. Frances. and in the summer of 1935 she renamed herself Judy. said his big sister Rosa. the drama critic of the New York World-Telegram. The Occupations of a Retired Life (1868). Belorussian revolutionary writer. a garrincha. He adopted his best-known name in 1950 for No Tears for Hilda. Beverly Garland: Beverly Lucy Fessenden (1926–).A. The chief justice of Bengal changed his name at the same time as his father. 97].S.-Can. Garrincha: Manoel Francisco dos Santos (1933–1983).. Eng. short-story writer. / That’s Judy. then was Paul Somers for a time in the late 1950s. after Jessel’s friend Robert Garland. earlier Gibbs. The actress was billed as Beverly Campbell in her debut in the thriller D. The following year. The song opens with: “If her voice can bring / Every hope of spring. who did so on succeeding to the property of his mother. Br. and the Garland Sisters they remained” [Gerald Clarke.191 given a new surname by his parents. He produced six books as Roger Bax between 1938 and 1951. Fr. singer. movie actress. novelist. since he refused to appear in public. When she was 12. U. or her nickname. in 1837. appearing with her two older sisters. née Fyvie (1843–1914). which rhymed with words like ‘bum. novelist.. Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. / My Judy. The actress made her stage debut at the age of three. The novel was teasingly called Pseudo. singer. Garland • Gary Andrew Garran: Andrew Gamman (1825– 1901). Wright . 2000]. His books had been attributed to Roman Gary. cartoonist. U. brother and sister Edward and Ruth Garrett. Br. Brazilian footballer. John Garrick: Reginald Dandy (1902–1966). U. ‘I think so too. U. ‘Judy’ was the only name she answered to. lawyer. [Sir] Richard Garth: Richard Lowndes (1820– 1903). and it was for Judy — Judy Garland — that Hollywood finally opened its doors” [ibid. popular singer. Babe . Edward Garrett: Isabella Mayo. stage. née Elizabeth Garth. movie. Graham Garner see Fenton Brockley James Garner: James Scott Baumgarner (1928–). “Mané was a sweet child. When he introduced them. in her first novel. of Georgian Jewish origin. Mary Jane and Dorothy Virginia. The sportsman adopted his childhood nickname. Sc. set in Dominica. From then on she stubbornly refused to respond to ‘Babe’ or ‘Frances’ . colonial lawyer. U. It. “Babe had never liked either her given name. Eng. at that time a sensation but also an enigma.” The words would have appealed to the young star.. as the Gumm Sisters. painter.’ ‘dumb’ and ‘scum. Tishka Gartny: Dmitry Fyodorovich Zhilunovich (1887–1937). Garou: Pierre Garand (1972–). parentage. George Jessel.. As small as a wren.’ ‘crumb. Gary: Gary James Smith (1963–). Eng.]. The artist came to be known by his nickname. movie actor.S. Judy Garland: Frances Ethel Gumm (1922– 1969). movie actor. Judy’s mother]. Fr. they were renamed by their agent.O. Elizabeth Garner: Elma Napier. The writer used three pseudonyms for his crime fiction.” and ends with: “If she seems a saint / And you find that she ain’t. “In 1977. who. The actor’s name presumably commemorates the famous English actor David Garrick (1717–1779). TV actress. Eng.

and with a .S. Anne’s Church. Gaultier-Garguille: Hugues Guéru (c. Ger. Jonathan Gash: John Grant (1933–). 2009]. singer. poet.Gascar • Gayarré 192 minor adjustment of spelling.S. intended to prompt readers of the TLS to deduce that Gary and Ajar were one and the same? In fact. fiction writer. actor. Basque pelota player. Giacomo Gates: Giacomo Agostini (1950–). Fr.S. The artist added the name of his Polish companion.S. Sophie Brzeska. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska: Henri Gaudier (1891– 1915). as she added his to hers. The northcountry writer. writer. to his own. it happened that Ajar gave an account of his ‘love-hate relationship with his ever-helpful cousin. the narrator of a previous Ajar novel was a man called Cousin.Z. the world learned the secret of Ajar’s identity only after Gary’s suicide in 1980” [Times Literary Supplement. The writer adopted his pseudonym from the slang word meaning “worthless.’ What’s more. composer. U. and his feature weekly. Eng. U. novelist. to suggest an affinity or even identity with the well-known poet and playwright John Gay (1685–1732). popular songwriter. Edmondson Peter Gast: Johann Heinrich Köselitz (1854– 1918). Br. journalist. “inspirational” writer. March 20.S. opera singer. Eng. while “Francis” was perhaps meant to suggest “Friendship. The name appaers to have been suggested by the English printer William Caxton. Pierre Gascar: Pierre Fournier (1916–1997). Fr. N. sculptor. Kelly P.” A.” Gassendi: [Abbé] Pierre Gassend (1592–1655). Cuban-born U. The name itself is a sort of reversal of “Merry Christmas. El Gaskoina: Jean Erratchun (1817–1859). William Gaxton: Arturo Antonio Gaxiola (1893–1963). horrorstory writer. stage actor. John Gawsworth: Terence Ian Fytton Armstrong (1912–1970). Eng. selected a name that matched his “couthy [friendly]. The musician adopted the name when he was director of music and organist at St. Gast see G. the paintings were labeled as being by “Gavarnie.’ In Pseudo. The player’s name means “The Gascon. Ger. When displayed. Joseph Gay: John Durant Breval (?1680–1738). Eng. Fr. Fr.S. photographer. Fr.C. Kid Gavilan: Gerardo González (1926–2003). Eng. writer. Julián Gayarré: Gayarré Sebastián (1844–1890). A companion publication to The Friendship Book is The Fireside Book of David Hope. as a teenager and translated his name to the English equivalent. Pearly Gates: Viola Billups (1946–). mathematician. Sp. U. painter. historian.” though this may not have been the composer’s intention. children’s author. philosopher.” The Friendship Book still appears annually. Paul Gavarni: Sulpice-Guillaume Chevalier (1804–1866). famous for The Friendship Book and his regular feature in newspapers such as the Scottish Sunday Post. heart-warming” style. black popular singer. movie actor. an oblique pun on the biblical exhortation. Latvian Communist official. the artist assumed the name attributed to him. who might not have been too pleased to discover their director writing musicals.born Br. mystery writer. Gaskell: Alexander Gaskell Pickard (1913– 2006). one suspects. with the first half of the actor’s surname retained for distinction. The singer was so named by her manager. Fr. His new surname also reflects his original name (another book was titled Gay Adventure). Noel Gay: Reginald Moxon Armitage (1898– 1954). Was it all a game on the part of Barbara Wright. U. London. John Gavin: Jack Golenor (1928–). or was assigned it by the publisher Edmund Curll. lithographer. Francis Gay: Herbert Leslie Gee (1901–1977). The future historian emigrated to the U. crime. The name represents the writer’s initials with also. Yury Petrovich Gaven: Jan Ernestovich Dauman (1884–1936). The aim was to avoid embarrassment to the church authorities.” “superfluous. Peter Gay: Peter Froelich (1923–).P. revue. For his less frequent appearances in serious plays his stage name was Fléchelles. war correspondent. editor.S. music publisher. He once sent his drawings to a Paris exhibition from the picturesque Pyrenean village of Gavarnie. Ger. U. critic. although obviously both are now written or compiled by others. told readers. The actor took this name for his parts in farces. The exhibition was a success. short-story writer.” But how else could you spell such a heavenly name? Gath: George Alfred Townsend (1841–1914). was Ajar’s ‘distant cousin. The artist acquired his “canvas name” by an unusual error. movie actress. There is evidence that the poet assumed the name. Maisie Gay: Maisie Munro-Noble (1883–1945).S.1573– 1633). John Gay: Hans Gohler (1909–1999).’ referred to by the sobriquet ‘Tonton Macoute. Bruce Welch.-born U. jazz singer. boxer.” this name having appeared on the container. “Tell it not in Gath” (2 Samuel 1:20). who told her she had “better learn how to spell it.

Dan. as follows: G is the initial of his original surname. cartoonist. stage designer. writer. movie actor. black stage. a selection of six plays set in Spain. a new name was needed. the name is a cryptonym. opera singer. choreographer. architect. The tenor adopted his mother’s maiden name. ay represents the first and last letters of Arkady. illustrator. working in U. Gayrati: Abdurakhim Abdullayev (1905–?). Some sources give her real name as simply Francesca Mitzi Gerber. U. Russ. adopted for his signature. opera singer. director. harmonica player. it really did.. Crystal Gayle: Brenda Gail Webb (1951–). I didn’t take that name just because it sounded good!” According to another theory. .. Crystals are bright and shiny. Finn. country singer Loretta Lynn (1935–). Fr. movie actor. Uzbek poet. Robbie Gee: Robert Grant (1970–). critic. Ir. Gloria Gaynor: Gloria Fowles (1949–).” “lively. Georg Gé: Georg Herman Grönfeldt (1893– 1962).250–1]. U. Shortly before his untimely death in World War II.” Her new surname is a respelling of her middle name. U. There is some doubt concerning the origin of the novelist’s name.S. Can. and dar is a shortening of d’Arzamas. movie actress. like you. poet + Maurice Guinness (1897–?).” in the French manner (like d’Artagnan). sister of actress Debra Paget Marvin Gaye: Marvin Pentz Gay. movie actress. Gee Bee: George Goodwin Butterworth (1905– 1988). Agnes Gelencsér: Agnes Körtvélyes (1927–). historian. pop singer. singer. for sports cartoons published in the Daily Dispatch from 1932. Lynn said. As the label already had Brenda Lee. U. Du.193 Arkady Gaydar: Arkady Petrovich Golikov (1904–1941).K. So that was what my mates began calling me. The musician is said to have added “e” to his surname to ward off homosexual jibes. Swe. a judgment he regarded as as anti–Semitic. (Tatar) writer. was pronounced “Jed. cartoonist. Goldberg changed his name after an architecture professor told him he was no good. In 1825 Mérimée published Le Théâtre de Clara Gazul. stage actress.S. waving his cap and shouting ‘gay-dar! gay-dar!’ This was translated for me from the Mongolian to mean an outrider. Janet Gaynor: Laura Augusta Gainer (or Gainor) (1906–1984).S.” Eunice Gayson: Eunice Sargaison (1931–). “That’s your name. stage. Sc. Fr. country singer. U. U..” Nicolai Gedda: Nicolai Ustinov (1925–). U. Brenda Webb signed with USA Decca. Eng.-born U. The shortened form of the cartoonist’s first name. parentage. pp. architect. Frank Gehry: Ephraim Owen Goldberg (1929–). teaming with Les Dennis.S. ballet dancer.S. however. Lisa Gaye: Lisa Griffin (1935–). Hung. Laura’s stepfather encouraged her to enter show business and is said to have suggested her screen name. Eng. One of their two daughters was the Broadway actress Barbara Bel Geddes (1922–2005). “of Arzamas.S. Finn. The writer’s adopted name means “energetic. Br. writer. After graduating in the late 1960s. A foreword by one “Joseph Létrange” gave a biographical backgound to the lady and a portrait of her formed the frontispiece to the work. Russ. The two authors collaborated under this name to write five mystery novels in the 1930s. U. black Motown singer.” Catherine Gayer: Catherine Ashkenasi (1937–). It meant a lot to me. lads. working in France. Dustin Gee: Gerald Harrison (1942–1986). “Let Your Conscience Be Your Guide. manager. movie.S. Firmin Gémier: Firmin Tonnerre (1869–1933). U. meaning the town where Golikov was raised [Dmitriyev.S. Ged: Gerard Melling (1934–2007). TV comedian. novelist. Norman Bel Geddes: Norman Melancton Geddes (1893–1958). George Gaynes: George Jongejans (1917–). representing his initials.S. Otto Gelsted: Ejnar Jeppesen (1888–1968). In 1916 Geddes married Helen Belle Sneider and added a masculine form of her middle name to his own. U. So you see. dancer. of Russ.S. he is said to have told his fellow combatants how he came by it in the final stages of the Civil War when serving on the Mongolian border: “A Mongolian would often run up to me. The altered spelling first appeared in 1961 in the credits of his first single..S. Ibragim Gazi: Ibragim Zarifovich Mingazeyev (1907–1971). Newton Gayle: Muna Lee (1895–1965). The artist first used this name. balletmistress. Hence the wealth of original names. The story goes that as the sisters drove past a sign for Krystal hamburgers. poet. Will Geer: Willem Aughe Ghere (1902–1978). stage actor. that word. (1939– 1984).S. The actress is said to be a descendant Gaydar • Gémier of the Hungarian aristocracy. But the attractive female figure was really that of the 22-yearold author wearing a mantilla and a necklace. U. U. Clara Gazul: Prosper Mérimée (1803–1870). the record label owned by her sister. Jr.-Swe. movie actress. Mitzi Gaynor: Francesca Mitzi Marlene de Charney von Gerber (1930–). Max Geldray: Max van Gelder (1916–2004).S. TV actor. Br.

published privately when he was a student at Oxford University. combining the initials of their first names. black rapper. literary patron. danceband leader. director. before either were married. Dee Generate: Roger Bullen (c. A Gentleman who has left his Lodgings: [Lord] John Russell (1792–1878). movie actor. The singer was given his new name by impresario Larry Parnes. with Bobbie a pet form of her first name. Native American chief. Sc. descent.-born Br. poet.) Grace George: Grace Doughtery (1879–1961).-born Fr. E. Gladys George: Gladys Anna Clare (?1894– 1954). née Hunt (1827– 1863). or the Rosicrucian (1811). St. tightrope walker. Jap. Shelley used this name or title for his early “Gothic horror” verses. pop musician. anthologist. ballet dancer. Fr. Fr. Paul Géraldy: Paul Lefèvre (1885–1983). Doughtery changed her name in 1892 for professional purposes. Hence her French-style name. essayist. stage actress. TV actress. representing her first name. touring as a member of the vaudeville trio “The Three Clares. The actress adopted the first name of her first husband. stage. novelist. adding “Khan” to mean “lord. pop singer.Genée • Gerard 194 Bobbie Gentry: Roberta Lee Streeter (1944–). Alexander Genée. biographer. stage actress. The preface of this work is signed “Joseph Skillet.S. Geraldo: Gerald Walcan-Bright (1904–1974). containing comments on French society and politics. who published the letters to pay the rent the “gentleman” had forgotten. The dancer adopted the stage name of her uncle.S. Fr.” Marcelle Geniat: Eugénie Martin (c. novelist + Dorothea Mary Stanislaus Longard de Longgarde. Johnny Gentle: John Askew (1941–). while he chose her new first name for her. Mme. from 1922 and became noted for her biweekly “Letter from Paris” in the New Yorker. writer. U. Eng. religious writer. painter. after an officer who had encouraged his talent when he was at military school.” . Flanner was resident in Paris.D. Daniel George: Daniel George Bunting (1890– 1967). Orazio Gentileschi: Orazio Lomi (1563–1639). France. Screaming Mad George: Joji Tani (1956–). Chief Dan George: Geswanouth Slaholt (1899– 1981). Ger. Jim Gérald: Jacques Guenod (1889–1958). (Her commonly stated birth year of 1900 was probably the result of a promotional device to extend her years as such.S. The writer used this name for his analyses of political leaders.” this being the supposed lodging-house keeper. Mongol conqueror. The actress’s stage career began at an early age.” in 1206. Geoffrin: Marie-Thérèse Rodet (1699– 1777). A Gentleman of the University of Oxford: Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822). Genghis Khan: Temujin (or Temuchin) (1162– 1227). her sister. Heinrich George: Heinrich Georg Schulz (1893–1946). stage. George Snape. Ann George: Ann Snape (1903–1989). The warrior-ruler adopted the title Genghis (or Chingis). punk rock drummer. Russ. [Dame] Adeline Genée: Anina Margarete Kirstina Petra Jensen (1878–1970). Br. The author used this name (presumably a reversal of George Eliot) for the novel The Leather Boys (1961). opera composer. novelist. meaning “perfect warrior. Irvyne. Fr. in honor of the singer Adelina Patti (1843–1919) (whose original first name was actually Adela). Sc.S. George: Marguerite-Joséphine Weymer (1787–1867). critic. The musician originally recorded as General Caine. It. Geneive: Selina Powell. General Kane: Mitch McDowell (1954–1992). née Gerard (1849–1905). Dan.S.born movie director. as her stage surname. née Gerard (1855– 1915).” which became “Little Gladys George and Company” to boost her popularity as a child star. Eng. whom he aimed to “show up. Eng. The earl adopted this nom de plume for his Essays and Sketches of Life and Character (1820). Eng. The musician added the “o” to his first name in 1930 on his return to London after a visit to Argentina and Brazil to study Latin American music. Eng.1961–). George I: William (1845–1913). Can.1879– 1959). special-effects makeup artist. The sisters first used this pseudonym. For the suspense thriller Love Child (1984) she wrote as Elaine Jackson. U. circus artist. Prince William (Vilhelm) of Denmark took the name George (Georgios) on becoming king of the Hellenes in 1863. movie actor. Br. stage. U. Mlle. Eng. actress. A Gentleman with a Duster: Harold Begbie (1871–1929). whose career in rock and roll management began with his promotion of Tommy Steele. art critic. A name loosely based on the actress’s two original names. Eng. journalist. movie actress.-born king of Greece. U. novelist. movie actor. Eliot George: Gillian Freeman (1929–). Pietro Generali: Pietro Mercandetti (1773– 1832). in 1879. Mme. singer. The singer took her stage name from the 1952 movie Ruby Gentry. Genêt: Janet Flanner (1892–1978). It. of Port. Eng. Dan. U. poet. writer. a ballet master and choreographer. Gerard: Emily Jane de Laszowski.

Ger. René Ghil: René-François Guilbert (1862– 1925).” the African name Kofi denoting a person born on that day. Karl Germain: Charles Mattmueller (1878– 1959). bassist. movie actor. rapper. and Blake had “e’s” so why not he? [The Times. U. producer. saying that Dante.-born Royal Air Force navigator. U. lyricist.” Raddowy Gewe see Eduard Blutig Kofi Ghanaba: Kpakpo Akwei (1923–2008). Eng. dramatist. working in U. Lewis Grassic Gibbon: James Leslie Mitchell (1901–1935). stage actor. Sc. U. mystic. Ghanaba called himself Guy Warren of Ghana.) Gene Gerrard: Eugene Maurice O’Sullivan (1892–1971). parentage. presumably as a corruption of his battle cry rather than of his original name. hymnwriter. the first in a trilogy of novels. U. Germaine: Germaine Cousin (c. novelist. short-story writer. . Her new name expressed her feeling of alienation. 1977]. brother of George Gershwin.-born Eng.K.. née Loewenthal (1923–1993). light opera composer. bandleader. then to Gershwin. The chief of the Bedonkohe Apache was given his familiar name by the Spanish following his persistent raids into Mexico. Giacomino: Giacomo Cireni (1884–1956).S. Hung.S. Tamara Geva: Tamara Zheverzheyeva (1908– 1997).] John Jessop Teague (1856–1929). It. Goethe. Joey Giardello: Carmine Orlando Tilelli (1930– 2008). Gerardo: Gerardo Mejia III (1965–).S.S. movie.-born poet. ballet dancer. playwright. Fr. of Russ. The ballerina was billed under the name Sheversheieva for her first London performance in 1924. Sylvia Geszty: Sylvia Witkowsky (1934–). The illusionist took his name from the mysterious Comte de Saint-Germain (c. some time in the 1880s. poet. The writer adopted his mother’s maiden name for his Scottish tales.S. The writer presumably based his pen name on his original name. brother of Ira Gershwin. Ghanaian drummer. presumably for distinctiveness. Hung. Br. Jewish parentage. movie actor. Sc. painter. clown. The poet was Jewish. U. Native American war leader.S. when a student at the Royal Academy of Music. U. opera singer. Sc. of Lithuanian parentage. music-hall comedian. Gershwin’s father changed the original family name of Gershovitz to Gershvin.1707–1784). née Bell (1811– 1886). circus artist. Georgia Gibbs: Freda Gibbons (1920–). Michel de Ghelderode: Adémar Adolphe Louis Martens (1898–1962). William Gerhardie: William Alexander Gerhardi (1895–1977). and at age 15 was sent to England for her own safety by her parents.S.S. Gian Dauli: G. Karen Gershon: Karen Tripp. Ger. Domenico Ghirlandaio: Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi (1449–1494). Kurt Gerron: Kurt Gerso (1897–1944). Gerard • Gibbs Ira Gershwin: Israel Gershvin (1896–1983). Stan Getz: Stanley Gayetzby (1927–1991). Br. Estelle Getty: Estelle Scher Gettleman (1923– 2008).S. prose writer.S. U. Wirt Gerrare: William Oliver Greener (1862– 1946). It. a French adventurer of unknown origin who was employed by Louis XV as a diplomat on confidential missions and who made a special study of the occult. Racine. novelist. Fr. The writer added an “e” to his name in the 1960s. Belg. Steve Geray: Stefan Gyergyay (1899–1974). July 16. movie actor. Brazilian footballer. The artist’s professional name denotes his early skill in making metal garlands (Italian ghirlanda). U.S. U. composer. Henri Ghéon: Henri Léon Vangéon (1875– 1944). St. Squire Gersh: William Hirsback (1913–). In the 1960s and early 1970. of Ger. Ecuadorean-born U.” (Geronimo is actually an Italian equivalent of English Jerome.1823–1909). TV actress. The musician’s adopted name means “Friday son of Ghana. George Gershwin: Jacob Gershvin (1898– 1937). Russ. Fr. Her original name is spelled in some sources as “Gevergeyeva. It. jazz saxophonist. playwright. publisher. boxer. Ugo Nalato (1884–1945). working in England. who subsequently perished in the Holocaust. Gertrude: Jane Cross Simpson. Gersonides see Ralbag John Gerstad: John Gjerstad (1924–). Eng. Geronimo: Goyahkla (c. keeping his real name for scientific and historical works. Gérson: Gérson de Oliveira Nunes (1941–). [Sir] Edward German: Edward German Jones (1862–1936). Matthew Gibb: Matiozas Waytkeviczia (1920– 2008). U. magician.1579–1601). and was the name given by Moses to a son born in Midian as a “stranger in a strange land” (Exodus 2:22). pop singer. He first used it for Sunset Song (1932). poet. Shakespeare. working in U.195 Morice Gerard: [Rev. novelist. writer of historical romances.S. Russ. which means “one who yawns. director. novelist. novelist. The composer dropped his surname. when playing jazz in Chicago and London. director.

short stories. Khalil Gibran. meaning “God’s gift. Jewish/Swe. “ruddy-faced (or red-haired) fellow. Pringle adopted his stepfather’s surname as his screen name. He retained it for all of his writings. U. working in U.” which he adopted as his pen name. But another extraordinary point is that John Richard [sic] Green died in 1818. Tim N. and when he started school there later that year a teacher shortened and misspelled his name as “Kahlil Gibran. Terry Gibbs: Julius Gubenko (1924–).1959–). Eng. U. of Pol. Hamst was bemused by the situation: “It is most extraordinary that two persons should.S. lyricist. Foss took over the work and published his .A. spy novelist.” and French du roy. dancer. U. Kahlil Gibran: Gibran Khalil Gibran (1883– 1931). Gibran’s original name was formed by prefacing the name of his father. Jamaican reggae musician. It. Eng. The criminal’s assumed name was perhaps ironically taken by him on the understanding that it meant “servant of the king. Helen Gibson: Rose August Wenger (1892– 1977). about the same time.S. writer. parentage.” Marnix Gijsen: Joannes Alphonsius Albertus (or Jan-Albert) Goris (1899–1984). John Gilbert: (1) John Gibbs (1810–1889). performance artist + George Passmore (1942–). working in Ireland. Jean Gilbert: Max Winterfield (1879–1942).” He was hanged in the year stated.S. The photographer adopted his professional name after one of his pictures was accepted by the German magazine Münchner Illustrierte Presse in 1929. writer of historical romances. Eng. performance artist.” as if from Gaelic gille. Eng. Lou Gilbert: Lou Gitlitz (1908–1978). under the same pseudonym.S. movie actress. John Gifford: (1) John Richards Green (1758– 1818). Madeline Gibson: Madeline Stride (1909–). Gilbert & George: Gilbert Proesch (1943–).Gibbs • Gilderoy 196 own abridgment under the same name in 1820. writer of children’s stories. changing his name to Karl Ludwig Giesecke in 1781. with the surname of his paternal grandfather. née Havers (1847–1923). of Russ.S. Belg. record producer. Massachusetts. Theo Gift: Theodora Boulger. stage actress.” “servant. The writer’s pen name is a part-translation of her first name Theodora. In 1934 Bernstein married a dressmaker. his partner. working in Germany and U. (2) Edward Foss (1787–1870). author. Br. parentage. of Russ. Gilberto Gil: Gilberto Passos Gil Moreira (1942–).S. mineralogist. painter. (2) John Pringle (1895–1936). [Sir] Arthur Gilbert: Arthur Bernstein (1913– 2001). Ger. Chloë Gibson: Chloë Cawdle (1899–?).-born Br. stage actor. Ger. Jamaican reggae musician.S. of Swiss descent. working in U. movie actor. Jayne Gilbert see Rita George David Gilbert: Mary Lucy Arthur (c. Green took his new name in 1781 on fleeing to France to escape his creditors. Gidal: Ignaz Nahum Gidalewitsch (1909–1996).–born composer. Ray Gilbert: Ray Kalin (1912–1976). of Ir. and adopted her surname. U. bandleader. thus giving the expression “to be Henry Gibbs: Henry St. art collector. Gibby: Leebert Morrison (c. Lebanese poet. which he did not live to complete.S. operetta composer. Gilderoy: Patrick Macgregor (?–1638). Br. Billy Gilbert: William Gilbert Baron (1893– 1971). jazz musician.S. actor. cowboy movie actor. “of the king. U. U. Joe Gibbs: Joel Gibson (1940–2008).1882–1919). writing in Flemish. Harry Gibson: Harry Raab (1914–1991). stage director. Charles Lewis Giesecke: Johann Georg Metzler (1761–1833).S. Hoot Gibson: Edmund Richard Gibson (1892– 1962). writer of detective novels. “lad. S. Eng. John Clair RumboldGibbs (1910–1975).S. painter. fantasy fiction. Israeli photographer. Gibson’s nickname “Hoot” is said to derive from his boyhood habit of hunting owls. Hoot Gibson. went into business with her. robber. Br. descent. Michael Gibbs: Michael Clement Irving (1937–). including an abridgment of William Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765–70). five [sic] years before his abridgment was published!” [p. U. composer of popular songs.S. jazz musician (“The Hipster”). Br. The expert began his career as a composer and librettist. jurist. cattlestealer. U. movie comedian. Green also wrote as Humphrey Hedgehog. Jewish parentage. Br. write abridgments of the same work. Paul Gilbert: Paul MacMahon (1917–1976). Rosalinde Gilbert. Anthony Gilbert: Lucy Beatrice Malleson (1899– 1973). U.S. movie actor. biographer. He later settled in Ireland and anglicized his first two names. Sc.53]. E. In 1895 his mother left his father and took her children to Boston. painter. although an alternate account traces its origins to his time working as a bicycle messenger in California for the Owl Drug Company. Brazilian popular musician. U. The actress’s screen surname is that of her husband.” It actually represents Gaelic gille ruadh.

Can. crime.” Virgilio Giotti: Virgilio Schönbeck (1885– 1957). movie actress. When sent to Moscow as art editor of the magazine Soviet Russia Today in 1936 he traveled with a false passport in the name of Sidney Joseph Chamberlain. caricaturist. Girodet-Trioson: Anne-Louis Girodet de Roucy (1767–1824). parentage. Giroux: Doris Shannon. The name itself seems to derive from Schnabel’s birthplace. Bartholomew Gill: Mark McGarrity (1943–). Trioson. poet. Patrick Gill see Gordon Ashe Mildred Gillars: Mildred Elizabeth Sisk (1900– 1988). Br.” Giorgio Vasari’s Lives (1550) notes: “Because of his physical appearance and his moral and intellectual stature he later came to be known as Giorgione. near Bitterfeld. who gave her new surname. Françoise Giroud: Françoise Gourdji (1916– 2003). Aidan Gillen: Aidan Murphy (1968–). Virginia Gilmore: Sherman Virginia Poole (1919–1986). The pseudonym refers to the writer’s maiden name. Fr. Nazi radio propagandist (“Axis Sally”). movie comedian. Rex Gildo: Ludwig Alexander Hirtreiter (1936– 1999). Giorgione: Giorgio Barbarelli (da Castelfranco) (1477–1510).S.M. Eng. The writer took her pen name from that of her husband. The founder in 1953 of the Olympia Press. née Giroux (1924–). It. Fr. It. Albert Giraud: Marie Emile Albert Kayenbergh (1860–1929). Daniel Gillès: Daniel Gillès de Pelichy (1917– 1981). such as Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita (1955). Br. of part-Norw.” Gisander: Johann Gottfried Schnabel (1692– ?1750).” The gallows outside Edinburgh where Gilderoy met his fate were 30 feet high.S. Vivi Gioi: Vivian Trumphey (1919–). to which he added “de Guines” in the belief that he was the illegitimate son of the Comte de Guines. It. was the son of an English Jewish father.X. U. of Br. Gill: Barbara Margaret Trimble (1921–). movie. notorious for publishing books of merit that were banned or censored in other countries. Sandersdorf. and a French non–Jewish mother. Ger. illustrator.1961). Br. crime writer. writing in Triestine dialect. Fr. with “Gi-” representing the reversed initials of his first two names (“J” giving “i”). art historian. the actual author was Eberhard Julius. Ger. Fr. writer. Ginuwine: Elgin Baylor Lumpkin (1975–). spy. Susan Gillespie: Edith Constance Turton-Jones (1904–1968). Marcelle Girodias. The author used this name for Die Insel Felsenburg (“Mountain Fortress Island”) (1731–43). E.S. poet. Dorothy Baker. Gildo • Gisander Barbara Gilson: Charles Gibson (1878–1943). Giles: Carl Ronald Giles (1916–1995).” meaning “to be punished more severely than the worst criminal.S. The artist’s original name was Louis-André Gosset. Russ. It. Gibson used the female name for adventure tales for girls. writer of children’s stories. black R&B musician.S. critic. working in U. and soon after her mother married Robert Bruce Gillars. Belg. writer.-born U. N.-born U. politician. parentage. Maria Ginanni: Maria Crisi (1892–1953). movie actress. Irving Gillette see Henry Burr Ann Gillis: Alma O’Connor (1927–). crime writer. Ir. Geneviève Gilles: Geneviève Gillaizeau (1946–). U. a four-part adventure in the style of Robinson Crusoe. U. painter. feminist.-born Russ. Fr.S. playwright.S. cartoonist. publisher. B. . soldier. John Gill: John Russell Gillies (1920–2009). The artist’s adopted name was a combination of his own surname and that of a benefactor. the futurist painter Arnaldo Ginna (originally Arnaldo Ginanni-Corradini). means “big George. Ann Gilmer see Marilyn Ross John Gilmore: Willi Hirsch (1908–c. crime writer. Jack Kahane. playwright. U. mystery novelist. Lord Gilhooley: Frederick Henry Seymour (1850–1913).-born Br. movie actress. painter. Maurice Girodias: Maurice Kahane (1919– 1990). Aleksandr Ginzburg: Aleksandr Arkadyevich Galich (1919–1977). When Mildred was seven her parents divorced. Jack Gilford: Jacob Gellman (1907–1990). The future Soviet agent adopted this name in 1932 on marrying an American. satirical songwriter.S. poet. U. U. TV actor.197 hung higher than Gilderoy’s kite. presumably cocking a snook at the British colonial secretary Joseph Chamberlain (1835–1914). child movie actress. and Gisander merely the editor. as after marriage she was “ex-Giroux. Ger. It. Although mainly a writer of stories for boys. He adopted his mother’s maiden name during World War II.S. novelist. The writer modified her surname after being rejected by her Turkish father. novelist. Ger. Belg.Z. with its Italian augmentative suffix. in Philadelphia. André Gill: Louis-André Gosset de Guines (1840–1885). Werner Gillon: Werner Goldman (1905–1996). According to the work’s full descriptive title. McGarrity adopted his pen name from his maternal grandfather. journalist. pop singer. of Jewish parentage. A “genuine” name. humorist. one Dr. The painter’s name.

Fidenzio Glottocrisio Ludimagistro: Camillo Scroffa (c. suffix. Gloty began her career in the days of the silent screen. Br. Made Plain and Easy. Eng. sports columnist. Stanley Sparkle. But the true author is now thought to be Mrs. opera singer. After considering other alliterative names such as Davey Dazzle. writer.S. The artist was born in Rome and came to be known by the name of his native city. architect.1526–1565). Glamma Kid: Iyael Constable (1978–). The artist adopted her monosyllabic name because she regarded the sex of the painter as irrelevant. movie actress. sent out for publicity purposes. The male soprano was so named after his teacher. musician. The artist began his career in London as a portrait painter. painter. cartoonist. Germany. It. painter. poet.” and became established under this name. but finding work hard to come by dropped the “Mc” from his name and became a more financially rewarding cartoonist and illustrator. It. say. Br. Lillian Gish: Lillian Diana Gish (1893–1993). “On the backs of photographic prints of her paintings. movie comedian. Henricus Glareanus: Heinrich Loris (1488– 1563). Gluck. Turk Thrust. The musician used his pseudonym for musical criticism and books on individual composers. Glasse. she always wrote in her elegant handwriting: ‘Please return in good condition to Gluck. or duck” [Diana Souhami. Dorothy Gish. black reggae musician.S. long attributed . Croatian poet. Domenico Gizzi. U.S. or quotes. In 1746 appeared The Art of Cookery. cookbook writer. She was already performing as Little Gitana at the age of five.1499–1546). The writer adopted a placename meaning “green island” as his pen name. Br. Scroffa used this mock-classical name for his Amorosa elegia di un appassionato pedante al suo amatissimo Camillo (“Amorous Elegy of a Passionate Pedant to his Most Beloved Camillo”) (1562).” Glanmor: John Williams (1811–1891). TV puppeteer.” referring both to her appearance (small. Amos Gitai: Amos Weinraub (1950–). musicologist. Belorussian stage actor. 1988]. U. Dorothy Gish: Dorothy Elizabeth Gish (1898– 1968). Terry Tinsel. It. Austr. Br. Welsh historian. painter. the singer’s performing name originated as a nickname (with “Gary” suggested by his surname). Fr. Welsh antiquarian. At about the age of 15 she substituted an alliterative “Gertie” for “Little. Marie Glory: Raymonde Louise Marcelle Toully (1905–2009). movie actress. and until 1927. The singer derived her second name from the Spanish for “gypsy. writer. Israeli movie director. Horace Hydrogen. with ringlets) and to the pierrot costume she wore in her act. The cleric’s bardic name represents a placename meaning literally “big bank. magician. as do some sources for her sister. but evidence seems to show that her father was actually James Lee Gish.S. In 2003 Glanville’s son. Glanffrwd: William Thomas (1843–1890). The scholar adopted a placename meaning literally “bank of the stream. Eng. Gluck: Hannah Gluckstein (1895–1978). Br. The dwarf magician was usually billed as “Glenroy the Midget.” Brian Glanville: Brian Goldberg (1931–). singer. Giulio Romano: Giulio Pippi (c. Ksaver Š andor Gjalski: Ljubomir Babic (1854– 1935). movie actress. Joanna Gleason: Joanna Hall (1950–).’ She pronounced her chosen name with a short vowel to rhyme with. cluck. Gadd began his recording career as Paul Raven. Igor Glebov : Boris Vladimirovich Asafyev (1884–1949). movie actress. which far exceeds any Thing ever yet Published. when she took her regular name. poet. he and his writer/producer Mike Leander settled on “Gary Glitter” in 1971. Glasynys: Owen Wynne Jones (1828–1870). Hannah Glasse: Hannah Glasse (fl.Gish • Gluck 198 to the writer John Hill (1716–1775) (who called himself “Sir” as a member of the Swedish order of Vasa). black hair. as they do for her better-known sister Lillian Gish. The scholar took his Latin name from his native canton of Glarus. According to some accounts. Gertie Gitana: Gertrude Mary Ross. Russ. née Astbury (1887–1957). John Glashan: John McGlashan (1927–1999). Hertha Glaz: Hertha Glatz (1908–2006). Arlette Glenny see Marie Glory Glenroy: Glen Mead Royston (1887–1919). Sc. Gizziello: Gioacchino Conti (1714–1761). In the late 1960s. dark-haired. Welsh local historian. under the name of Paul Monday. U. pop singer. music-hall singer.” Gary Glitter: Paul Francis Gadd (1944–). composer. Gleb Glebov: Gleb Pavlovich Sorokin (1899– 1967). Some sources give the actress’s original name as de Guiche. 1746). she was billed as Arlette Glenny. he toured clubs in Frankfurt and Hamburg. published his memoirs under the punning title The Goldberg Variations. Christine Glanville: Nancy Fletcher (1924– 1999). The actress’s Who’s Who entry gives her original name as de Guiche.-born U. U.S. and Vicky Vomit. opera singer Mark Glanville. Swiss humanist. By a Lady. Jackie Gleason: Herbert John Gleeson (1916– 1987). parodying classicism. Can. no prefix. probably referring to his thick.

Russ. Salomon von Golaw: Friedrich Freiherr von Logau (1604–1655). watchmaker. spy. When editors of a St. Charles Godfrey: Paul Lacey (1851–1900).. comedienne. Israeli movie producer. Y Gohebydd: John Griffith (1821–1877). Louis Republican. Louis Presbyterian and St. The writer used this anagrammatic name for Salomons von Golaw Deutscher Sinn-Getichte Drey Tausend (“Salomon von Golaw’s Three Thousand German Epigrams”) printed in three volumes in 1654 as an enlarged and improved edition of a work originally published in 1638. Turk. “Sid Gold . Rom. using it for her last book.S. Austr. director. Gluck • Goldberg Eng. journalist. The radical intellectual chose the name Michael Gold for the sake of anonymity during the government attack on radicals led by Alexander Palmer in the “Red Scare” period 1919–21.. She first used the name Alma Gluck for a concert performance with the Metropolitan Opera Company at the New Theatre. Laura C. Hal Godfrey: Charlotte O’Conor Eccles (1863– 1911). composer. Michael Gold: Itzok Isaac Granich (1894– 1967). bombs and revolution” [The Times. Sid Gold: Solomon Borisovich Goldin (1887– 1990). 1909. opera singer.S.-born U. novelist. Eng. Gold was taken to the United States in 1914 and became a U. William Godfrey see John Christopher Mary Godolphin: Lucy Aikin (1782–1864). writer. Menahem Golan: Menahem Globus (1929–). stage actress. songwriter. Gary Go: Gary Baker (1984–). Br. revolutionary.S. The writer used this male name for her amusing novel The Rejuvenation of Miss Semaphore (1897).K. Whoopi Goldberg: Caryn Elaine Johnson (1955–).. Ger. Goldberg: William Scott Goldberg (1966–).000 troops for the Union army. Paulette Goddard: Pauline Marion Levy (1910– 1990). black movie actress. epigrammatist. Gog: Gordon Hogg (1912–1973). Eng. whose surname was an anglicization of German Glück. stage actress. adopted a prosaic English name which concealed a past lived in . U. Jimmy Gold: James McGonigal (1886–1967). on November 16. John Godey: Morton Freedgood (1912–2006).S. writer. comedian. Sc.S. music-hall artist. rock singer. in which she sang Sophie in Massenet’s Werther. Welsh-born Br. Mary Glynne: Mary Aitken (1898–1954). The actress took her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. she replied with “An Appeal from Judge to Jury. Eng. The surname was her preferred form of her married name. Louis Confederate newspaper sought out “Howard Glyndon. meaning “the correspondent. Br. Jewish parentage. sociologist..” urging Missouri to side with the Union. as she then was. critic. U. A dynamic name for a musical entrepreneur. teaming with Charles Naughton (1887–1976). U.-Hung. A probably apocryphal story tells how movie colleagues nicknamed the actress Whoopi Cushion because of her problems with flatulence. Aikin used this name late in life for some versions for young children of literary classics such as Aesop’s Fables and Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. for which he used the name Gay Gordon. She herself claims that she took her new name when “a burning bush with .-born U. Elizabeth Godfrey: Jessie Bedford (?1854–1918). Russ. Ir.” Ziya Gökalp: Mehmed Ziya (1876–1924). and ridiculed a mere “school girl” for interfering in politics. cartoonist. comedian (as “Naughton and Gold”). April 1. Angela Glynne: Angela West (1933–). U. wrestler. She long retained the male pen name.199 Alma Gluck: Reba Fiersohn (1884–1938). Thomas Godden: Thomas Tylden (1624–1658). Eng. In 1902 the soprano married Bernard Glick. citizen in 1922. Welsh novelist. journalist. Hence his byline.S. U. mystery writer. The actress adopted her divorced mother’s maiden name as her screen name. It.S.S. El Dorado (1897). Welsh journalist. U. an atmosphere of plots. singer.S. The writer became the London correspondent of the Welsh newspaper Baner Cymru (“Banner of Wales”). He worked for Soviet intelligence in World War II. intrigues. In 1861 she wrote an article ridiculing the repudiation by Missouri’s secessionist governor Claiborne Fox Jackson of President Abraham Lincoln’s call for 50. adopted this male name for her contributions in the late 1850s to the St. writer. opera singer. 1990]. working in U. crime. movie actress. writer. William Glynne-Jones: William Glyn Jones (1909–1977). Sc. polemicist. socialist writer. The artist was also racing and sports cartoonist on The Sun newspaper. Redden. Howard Glyndon: Laura Catherine Redden Searing (1840–1923). screenwriter. Roman Catholic priest. of Rom. Harry Gold: Heinrich Golodnitsky (1910– 1972). writer of romantic fiction. New York.” discovered the writer’s true identity. Sonja Goldberg: Draga Balenovic (1947–). Tito Gobbi: Tito Weiss (1913–1984). while her new first name was simply one that she liked.

Gomer: Joseph Harris (1773–1825).-born U. heavily influenced by Anna Sewell’s Black Beauty (1877). Ger. he and his two brothers Edgar and Arch Selwyn formed the Goldwyn Pictures Corporation. writer. Her new surname is that of her first husband. Capel Gomer. The musician was called Goldilocks as a child because of his blond dreadlocks. brother of Allan Aynesworth. In 1916. movie actor. journalist. essayist.-born (white) rapper. Welsh writer. Horace Goldin: Hirsh (or Hyman) Goldstein (1873–1939). black jazz singer. Br. and Hektor von Usedom. of Austr.” the biblical giant. Eng.” But early in his career Price stayed for a time in his father’s home in Miami. rapper. He and his brothers played basketball at a time when there was a star player called Big Babbiad. 1989]. Don Goldie: Donald Elliott Goldfield (1930– 1995).S. Pol. Agapy Goncharenko: Andrey Onufriyevich Gumnitsky (1832–1916).217].S. of Pol. The Baptist minister’s bardic name came from the chapel where he preached. as that of one of the grandsons of Noah (Genesis 10:2). Eng. Chilly Gonzales: Jason Beck (1971–). Goodrich.1945–). U. its name formed from the first half of Goldfish and last half of Selwyn. Ukr. Herschel americanized his first name as Harry on graduating from public school in 1917. Russ. Good: Limmie Snell (c. children’s writer. movie actor. U. parentage. U. The two authors used this name for their cowritten play Spring Tide (1936). The name is biblical. Polish-born U. He took to wearing them himself. The book itself.”) In 1918 he officially adopted the name Samuel Goldwyn [A. writer. of Hung. Gooch see Sylvia Bayer Lemmie B. stage hypnotist. Br. Jack Goldbird: Drafi Deutscher (1946–2006). he anglicized his name as Samuel Goldfish. The artist’s assumed name is Italian for “Goliath. The name may pun on the spicy dish “chilli con carne. working in France. Mikhail Golodny: Mikhail Semyonovich Epshteyn (Epstein) (1903–1949). the latter by way of a nickname. Scott Berg. movie producer. His new first name arose as a nickname. Lang also used the pseudonym Iwan Lassang. he shortened this nickname to “Goldie. Yiddish. Jewish parentage.Goldbird • Goodrich 200 Samuel Goldwyn: Shmuel Gelbfisz (1882– 1974). illustrator. Russ. p. A plainly punning name similar to that of William B. working in U. U. U. where he earned his living making and selling gold tooth caps. in his desire to avoid personal publicity. jazz trumpeter. Golia: Eugenio Colmo (1885–1967). was long a mystery. novelist. both as performer and composer. Middlesized Babs. Golyddan see Gweirydd ap Rhys. He himself then adopted this name. novelist. The identity of the author of Moorland Mousie (1929). black rock musician. Abraham Goldfaden: Abraham Goldenfoden (1840–1908).S. playwright. illusionist. Eng. so that his original nickname acquired a different application. Ivan Goll: Isaac Lang (1891–1950). Ironic Remark. Br. This is just one of the many pseudonyms taken by the musician. a Yiddish accent” suggested that her real name was boring and that she should change it [Blackwell. Rev.S. Silas M. Swansea. poet. (white) MC. stage.S. writing in Hebrew. The journalist’s family name was changed by immigration officials when they came to the United States in 1904. Louis Goodrich: Louis Abbot-Anderson (c. U. Emil Robert Goldfus see Rudolf Abel Goldie: Clifford Joseph Price (1965–). dramatist + George Billam (?–?). Harry Golden: Herschel Goldhirsch (1902– 1981).S. Olivia Goldsmith: Randy Goldfield (1949– 2004). GoldieLocks: Sarak Awkisome (19??–). It. pop composer. Goldsmith see Abbé Bossut Horace Goldwin: Hyman Goldstein (1873– 1939). The three were thus Big Babs. Can. Big Wig Wam. Eng. although another account says he picked it while acting as chauffeur for actor Errol Flynn in 1943. started a trend for anthropomorphized pony stories. The writer’s new name means “hungry. Goldwyn: A Biography. Nelson Gonzalves: António Gonzalves Sobral (1919–1998). . Others were Baby Champ. of Jamaican-Sc. especially as in later life he had no locks at all.S.1873–1945). Paul Goldin: Ronald Paul Gold (1928–). pop singer. When the future producer came to England in the 1890s.S. the story of an Exmoor pony.S.” relating to the period of deprivation in which he lived. U. When he had them cropped. Jewish parentage. descent. and (he) Little Babs. Gong see Azed Babs Gonzales: Lee Brown (1919–1980). working in U. painter.” or on the Pat Boone hit song “Speedy Gonzales” (1962). Golden Gorse: Muriel Wace (1881–1968). (The other way around he would have been “Samuel Selfish.S. Jewish poet.S. caricaturist. working in Germany. Ger. Jewish writer. The singer is said to have chosen the name Gonzales so that he could claim to be Hispanic and so avoid Jim Crow laws while on tour. J. magician. The name describes the musician’s long blond hair. Brazilian crooner. Peter Goldsmith: John Boynton Priestley (1894–1984).

Arbuckle adopted this name (implying “Will B. movie actress. of Pol. Br. El Gordito: Antonio Carmona y Luque (1862– 1920). Max Gordon: (1) Mechel Salpeter (1892–1978). Petersburg. a vaudeville comedian performing under the name Cliff Gordon. publisher. wrestler. Robert Gordon: Robert Gordon Duncan (1895–1971). violinist Erich Gruenberg of the London String Quartet. TV actor. screenwriter. This would also help in later years to avoid confusion with his younger brother. opening his flagship store in Manhattan in 1945. “Gordon” was one of the aliases he gave the police. Julie Goodyear: Julie Kemp (1942–). He would then order the valet to spray here and there to purify the contaminated atmosphere.S. U. producer. p. Ivan Gorbunov-Posadov: Ivan Ivanovich Gorbunov (1864–1940). historian.S. He would be preceded by his valet. although the term may equally have been suggested by his surname. ‘but what’s my opinion against millions of others?’” [Jares. Googoosh: Faegheh Atashin (1950–). Jewish poet. novelist. Sam Goody: Samuel Gutowitz (1904–1991). Russ. songwriter. Ind. SF writer. movie actor. Virginia Rappé (1895–1921). appearances in vaudeville” [Mitchell. bullfighter. Eng. U. Goodrich • Gorgeous George Marjorie Gordon: Marjorie Kettlewell (1893– ?).S. stage.17]. Gorgeous George: George Raymond Wagner (1915–1963). The announcer would finally introduce him as “The Human Orchid. née Fitzgerald (1896–1977). screenwriter. Iranian pop singer. Jewish parentage. Gutowitz founded the record chain Sam Goodys. Br. U. Polish-born U. U. TV actress. U. writing in Hebrew. Aedwyrd Gore see Eduard Blutig Lesley Gore: Lesley Goldstein (1946–). Waxey Gordon: Irving Wexler (1888–1952). Gopinathan Nair (1937–). and his career never recovered its former success. lyricist. movie actress. Sp. singer. The valet would part the ropes so that George did not have to bend too far to come into the ring. Mary Gordon: Mary Gilmour (1882–1963). crossword compiler. Arbuckle was acquitted of his alleged crime less than a year later.S.. of Pol. Russ. stage actor. Richard Gordon: Gordon Ostlere (1921–). songwriter. Goodwin: Robert Frederick Goodwin Churchill (1910–). The actress’s parents separated when she was still a toddler. and added a name based on this word to his surname. The writer was born in the posad (suburb) of Kolpino. was raped and died. and when her mother later married Bill Goodyear.S. director. Claudio Gora: Emilio Giordana (1913–1998). Mechel adopted the same surname as his elder brother.S. movie comedian. director. Janet Gordon: Cecil Blanche Woodham-Smith. Eng. U. Gale Gordon: Gaylord Aldrich (1906–1995). bootlegger. U. stage actress. Leon Gordon: (1) Judah Loeb (1830–1892). “No pseudonym was deemed necessary when the campaign to reinstate Arbuckle manifested itself in restaurant ventures and . Goodrich: Roscoe (“Fatty”) Arbuckle (1887–1933).S. movie actor.. Eli Goren: Eli Alexander Gruenberg (1923– 1999). Gregory Goosequill see Orion (1) Gopi: V. wearing long blond hair and a lace. Welsh novelist. Good”) on attempting to take up directing again after a ban of 11 years resulting from a scandal in 1921 in which a young actress. Austr-born Br.S. p. playwright. cartoonist.S. Ruth Gordon: Ruth Gordon Jones (1896– 1985).S.S. U. Jamaican reggae musician. Irving’s skill as a pickpocket earned him the nickname “Waxey” (meaning “smooth-fingered”). Jewish parentage. theater manager. The pseudonym names the king of ancient Phrygia who was famed for tying an intricate knot (which a setter of cryptic puzzles also aims to do).’ he would say. violinist.or fur-trimmed robe. (2) Leon Lilly (1884–1960). where he would wipe his dainty white shoes on the mat. comic novelist. movie actor. The founder of the Allegri String Quartet changed his name when playing with the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra to a more Hebrew. movie actor. Br. Goof y: Chad Simpson (1974–). The matador’s ring name means “The Darling. but his reputation was ruined. U. pop singer.S. Mack Gordon: Morris Gittler (1904–1959). The Toast of the Coast — Goooorrrrrrgeous George!” “‘I do not think I’m gorgeous. illustrator. The actress adopted her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. Henry Gordon: Henry Gordon Racke (1883–1940). Eng.S.” Gordius: David Moseley (1930–). director. bearing a silver-plated tray with a small mat and a Flit-type gun full of perfume-scented disinfectant. near St. working in U. U. The wrestler was noted for his grand entrance into the ring. less German-sounding surname. C. It. Sc. writer.201 William B. Julie adopted his name. Millard Verne Gordon see David Grinnell Neil Gordon see John Cameron Rex Gordon: Stanley Bennett Hough (1917–). record store entrepreneur. . Br. (2) Morris Gittler (1904–1959). U.17].

its French equivalent. He first used the name for his story Makar Chudra (1892). He remembered that because of his ‘sharp tongue’ his father had been nicknamed Bitter. (Compare the next name below.S.’ as his last name. Fr. The writer was a pastor.” “grove”). Desmarets used this name for church music written early in his career. U. the surname translating German Horst (“thicket. librettist. reggae musician. Jeremias Gotthelf: Albert Bitzius (1797–1854). Bernard Gould: [Sir] Bernard Partridge (1861– 1945). Rita Gorr: Marguérite Geirnaert (1926–). she had been in the habit of draining glasses dry in bars” [Jacques Pessis and Jacques Crépineau. U. ever since her adolescence. Elliott Gould: Elliott Goldstein (1938–). opera singer. André Gorz: Gérard Hirsch (1923–2006). “Arrigo” is a pet form of “Enrico. Alexey hesitated. director. Jamaican DJ. “She was called La Goulue (The Glutton) because.539 in which King Arthur and the traditional hero Medrod are said to have been killed. and the couple moved to France. where his wife changed her first name to Dorine. Goronva Camlann: Rowland Williams (1817– 1870). Georgian ballet dancer. An anagrammatic name. Fr. cartoonist. of Armenian parentage. singer. Olympe de Gouges: Marie-Olympe Gouze (1748 or 1755–1793).” . Robert Goulet: Stanley Applebaum (1933–). Russ. “battle” + Camlan) came to mean “rabble. Tobia Gorrio: Arrigo Boito (1842–1918). popular composer. The artist’s adopted first name represents the Armenian form of “Achilles. His second name honors the Russian writer Maxim Gorky.”) He first used the name on moving from Boston to New York City in 1924.1965–). painter. The actor was given this simpler version of his name by his mother. cartoonist. Henri Goupillier: Henri Desmarets (1661– 1741). Welsh poet. poet. Fr. an Englishwoman. Sirak Goryan: William Saroyan (1908–1981). philosopher. Der Bauernspiegel (“The Peasants’ Mirror”) (1837). Fr. ‘Bitter. cancan dancer. short-story writer. Austr. with “Jeremias” for the Old Testament prophet (whose own name means “God raise up”) and “Gotthelf ” as the German for “God’s help. That would be a wonderful pseudonym for a young writer rebelling against society.S. short-story writer.-born U. He chose the name Gorz. Early in his career. since the Russian word peshka means ‘pawn’ . translated by Lowell Blair. which he submitted to a local newspaper in Tiflis (Tbilisi). As a journalist. theologian. The name itself was probably adopted from the 14th-century poet Gronw Ddu o Fôn.-born Fr. gorky in Russian. Fellow DJ Jimmy Crazy gave Thomas his nickname after watching him singing in the local church choir. Georgia: “A journalist asked him what name he wanted to use for his first published piece of writing. Jay Gorney: Daniel Jason Gornetzky (1896– 1990). So he chose Gorky. and for some time lived “among the people. Horst decided that it would be safer to write under a pseudonym. the writer identified with ordinary Russians. The name was associated by early Welsh poets with a terrible or futile slaughter.” the Greek mythological hero. Eydie Gorme: Edith Gormenzano (1932–). 1990].S. as he now was. revolutionary. Peshkov.Gorky • Goupillier 202 Suren Gorsky: Suren Grigoryevich TerGevondyan (1903–).” sharing their poverty and hardship. TV actor. movie actor. Swiss novelist. It.S. suggested the idea of abasement and humility to him. married Doreen Keir.” Williams adopted the name for Lays from the Cimbric Lyre (1846). Can. In 1949 Horst. movie. writer. La Goulue: Louise Weber (or Wébert) (c. Russ. Gorz wrote under the French name Michel Bosquet. especially as Owen’s father was Owen Gronw. popular singer. Maxim Gorky: Aleksey Maksimovich Peshkov (1868–1936). Goronwy Ddu o Fôn: Goronwy Owen (1723– 1769).1865– 1929). An early pseudonym used by the writer for stories published in the 1930s. Br. While awaiting his French naturalization papers. and Welsh cadgamlan (cad. Belg.” “confusion..” The name itself originated as that of the central character (and supposed narrator) of his story of Swiss peasant life. stage. The composer’s full original name was Enrico Giuseppe Giovanni Boito. actor. Gotlib: Marcel Gotlieb (1934–). composer. Welsh-born Br. writer. He thus changed his name in order to express his convictions.S. Arshile Gorky: Vosdanik Manoog Adoian (1904–1948). Gorky: A Biography. U. Goronva is a form of the first name now more familiar as Goronwy. and Maxim [from his patronymic] as his first” [Henri Troyat. that of the Austrian town where his father’s spectacles had been manufactured. composer. 1986]. with strong Christian principles. The poet’s bardic name means “Black Goronwy of Anglesey. Gospel Fish: Everald Thomas (c. The Moulin Rouge. In 1930 Hirsch’s Jewish father converted to Catholicism and changed the family name to Horst. novelist.. his real name.” the latter being the island where he was born. Armenian-born U. to whom he claimed to be related. (He may also have known that the latter’s name means “bitter.) Camlann or Camlan is the name of a legendary battle of c.

Ger. movie actor. Ger. brother of Bernard Delfont. from the first three letters of his first name and surname. Russ. changed his name in the 1920s. crime. Hastings Draper. and took Indian nationality. literally “homeless one” (from Sanskrit anagara. Joyce Graeme: Joyce Platt (1918–1991).” Subsequently. religious leader. that of a female friend who died in Africa. Down to 1874 the writer used this name. Cape Verde-born U. movie.-born U. Charles Emmanuel Grace: Marceline Manoel da Graca (1881–1960). philanthropist. Precise details of the Buddhist proselytizer’s life are uncertain. novelist. 1846) under this name. Eng. was known by the full name Sister Grace of the Bermondsey Settlement by the time she wrote Polly of Parker’s Rents (1899). He won several prizes. Hence his title of lama (monk. Ruskin published the first two volumes of Modern Painters (1843. “A few days before my opening night. TV producer. Charlie Gracie: Charles Anthony Graci (1936–). where he had gone to live after World War I. Eng. comedian. whose self-proclaimed title was “Boyfriend of the World. Eng. novelist. of Port. A Graduate of Oxford: John Ruskin (1819– 1900). It is not known why King took this name on emigrating to the United States. he married a Parsi photographer.” from an-. The show-business tycoon. Boothby Graffoe: James Rogers (1962–). Eng. Molesworth. Subsequent children’s books were published as by simply “Mrs. I liked the look and sound of it — and Lew Grade it has been ever since” [Lew Grade. Eng.” he shortened it to “Louis Grad. who devoted her life to helping disadvantaged children. the reformist tribunes of ancient Rome.” Harvey Graham: Harvey Flack (1912–1966). biographer.” and agara. Dan. when he moved from Capri. Julien Gracq: Louis Poirier (1910–2007).S.” is believed to have been as stated here. writer. priest). Eng. Bill Graham: Wolfgang Wolodia Grajonca (1931–1991). Jewish parentage. parentage. Eng. songwriter. to Ceylon (Sri Lanka). “house”). when he entered dancing competitions in London at the height of the Charleston craze. In 1926 the future companion (1937–40) to F. Jeffries also wrote as Peter Bourne. following internment in World War II. but the writer had spelt my name incorrectly.203 Govinda: Govind Ahuja (1963–). East Yorkshire. Govinda. Br. rock-music promoter. and took his stage name from the village of Boothby Graffoe. a Sanskrit name meaning literally “(one good at) finding cows.” is an epithet of the Hindu god Krishna.-born Br. crime. surgeon. Eng. The remaining three volumes (1856. The writer took his new first name from Julien Sorel. Eng. [Baron] Lew Grade: Louis Winogradsky (1906– 1998). Ennis Graham: Mary Louisa Molesworth. Fr. Govinda was strongly influenced by Tibetan Buddhism. for her novels directed at adults. adopted for a planned stage career. Anagarika. Peter Graaf see John Christopher Axel Graatkjær: Axel Sørensen (1885–1969). Soon realizing that his original name was “too much of a mouthful. Ind. jazz musician. 1987].S. Still Dancing.-African ancestry (“Bishop Grace”). mystery writer. Other names used by the writer are Peter Alding. and became an increasingly popular attraction. of Russ. popular guitarist. 25 years her senior. England. in London. née Hannam (1870–1954). Buddhist. moviemaker. Bruce Graeme: Graham Montague Jeffries (1900–1982). where he became an American citizen in 1808. where she became a gossip columnist. but he adopted his new name around 1928. The original name of the church leader. dancer. née Stewart (1839–1921). Augustus Graham: Richard King (1776–1851). The entertainer was born in the city of Hull. Sheilah Graham: Lily Shiel (1904–1988). medical historian. Li Gotami. The musician used this name. Lama Anagarika Govinda: Ernst Lother Hoffman (1898–1985). and went to Hollywood. and Graham Hastings. It was great publicity. he be- Govinda • Graham came a professional dancer. writer. Her new name. Flack used this name for “numerous publications in the lay and magazine press” [Who’s Who]. Scott Fitzgerald married Major John Graham Gillam. 1860) followed under his real name. of Sc. is the title of a celibate fulltime roving worker for Buddhism. and went on to perform at the Moulin Rouge. artist. James Graham see Jack Higgins Kenny Graham: Kenneth Thomas Skingle (1924–1997). Br. in the neighboring county of Lincolnshire. for some popular songs. “homeless.S. Roderic Graeme: Roderic Graeme Jeffries (1926–). working in India. and his last name from the Gracchi (the brothers Gaius Sempronius Gracchus and Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus).S.-born U. a big article appeared about me in the Paris Midi newspaper. Newly graduated from Oxford University. mystery writer. Paris. Eng. charity worker. essayist. Jeffrey Ashford. ballet dancer. Instead of Louis Grad it came out as Lew Grade. “not. art critic. Sister Grace: Grace Thyrza Kimmins. Grace Kimmins. was created from a form of her . In 1947. the ambitious young hero of Stendhal’s Le Rouge et le Noir (1830). composer. U. Graban: [Sir] Granville Bantock (1868–1946).

Daniil Granin: Daniil Aleksandrovich German (1919–). movie actor James Stewart (1908–1997). She once said. who adopted his surname for Basil Hallward. novelist. working in U. His group. the writer first used her pseudonym for her bestselling novel The Heavenly Twins (1893).St. The artist adopted the nickname given him for his rapid hand movements when “seguing” from one record to another on the turntables. A secretary came with a list and put it in front of me. her cousin. Lebanese blues guitarist. Eng. His first name represents the abbreviation of Delancey Street. Grahame’s grandfather. all wisely rejected.. hip-hop DJ. and Rahiem (Guy Williams). illustrator. descent. of Eng. His last name alludes to his talent as a DJ.S. original surname and her husband’s middle name. the actors’ union. which states that no two actors can have the same name. horrifies me to a degree impossible to explain. black hip-hop musician. Otis Rush and Johnny Otis. 1991]. U. U. Grandmaster Flash: Joseph Saddler (1958–). ‘Grant’ jumped out at me.S. opera singer. O’Hemia. with “grandmaster.S. novelist + Martin Ross. Expecting the name to be “Giles Logan. the Furious Five. but Viva! It is hard luck. The writer adopted his stage name on entering the theater in the late 1940s.S. to this day. of Ir. Gloria Grahame: Gloria Hallward (1923–1981).S. were assigned this name by their publisher for the second edition of An Irish Cousin (1889).. Reginald Francis Hallward (1858–1948). writing as Somerville and Ross. “I changed my name at the behest of the [Paramount] studio.” Ross expressed her displeasure in a letter to Edith dated August 21. Sarah Grand: Frances Elizabeth Bellenden McFall. he was anyway governed by the rules of Equity. writer. Ambrose Grant see James Hadley Chase Cary Grant: Archibald Alexander Leach (1904– 1986). Corney Grain: Richard Corney (1844–1895). “The name Lily Shiel. March 7. and that we certainly understood the name was to be Giles Logan — I do not regret the loss of Giles. A name that probably originated as a (corny) nickname. a play I’d done in New York.S. claiming the name was “simple. TV personality. The musician’s new first name pays tribute to two of his influences. a collection of tales published in 1855. short-story writer.” Virginia Graham: Virginia Komiss (1912–1998). Ir. Cooper. Cary was all right. Jean McDougall.S. Fr. Peter Grange see Andrew York Stewart Granger: James Lablache Stewart (1913–1993). where he added to his collection of fashion wear. U. New York. was an illustrator and friend of Oscar Wilde. Ness (Eddie Morris). Eng. working in U. Viva Graham: Edith Anna Œnone Somerville (1858–1949). U. Ir. The actress’s new surname was the professional name of her mother. and Sister Chimpan. political agent. caricaturist. of Ger. a friend and the author of Nikki.” originally the title of a high-ranking chess player. The actor changed his name in the late 1930s to avoid confusion with U. writer. scratch DJ.S.S. Having initially published anonymously. Melle Mel (Melvin Glover)..-born Br. Donald Gramm: Donald Grambasch (1927– 1983). John Monk Saunders. novelist. were Peg o’ the Purlieu. Brent. The coauthors. Well. stage. Jewish parentage. Br.” Grandfather Greenway: Charles James Cannon (1800–1860). Otis Grand: Fred Bishti (1950–). Russ. but if it be any consolation. actor. Cary Grant. They said Archie Leach had to go. 1889: “I am awfully disgusted with Bentley for his meanness or carelessness in the matter of Viva Graham [and I told him] that I feared you would be much disappointed. entertainer. “His publicists issue a daunting list of do’s and don’ts. parentage. Ir. 2009]. Cannon . movie actor.S. Miss B. movie actor. Gottheimer changed his name on going to London to embark on a career as a company promoter. short and emphatic — not easily forgotten. working in U. What went with ‘Cary’? It was an age of short names — Gable. The actor adopted his new name in 1931. Do address him as Flash. movie actress. Fr. actress. Kid Creole (Danny Glover). Don’t describe him as a rapper: he is a DJ and producer” [The Times. Eng.Graham • Grant 204 adopted this name for Ravellings from the Web of Life. D. The name assigned for the first edition of the book was Geilles Herring. U. composer. there was already an actor named Harold Lockwood under contract to the studio. Grammont: Guillaume Antoine Nourry (1750– 1794). businessman. Mr. [Baron] Albert Grant: Abraham Gottheimer (1831–1899). but Lockwood wasn’t. I mind it as much as you do. and that was that” [Nancy Nelson.” Earlier suggestions for a name. who acted under the name Jean Grahame on the British stage. As a British actor. suggested I take the name of the character I played in the show: Cary Lockwood. née Clarke (1854–1943). the painter in his story The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891). Grandville: Jean-Ignace-Isidore Gérard (1803– 1847). West Indian-born U. Grandmixer: Derek Howells (1960–). Granger became an American citizen in 1956. contained five rappers all known by different names: Cowboy (Keith Wiggins). Alec Grahame: James Alexander Pratchett (1926–2001). revue writer. a general term for any good player.

A. all the children took the surname Gray. E. blues guitarist.S. The designer’s mother inherited the title of Baroness Gray in 1895.K.S. At one time I decided to call myself Angela Botibol — every tube [subway] station in London had an Angel Botibol tobacconist’s kiosk and I thought at least the critics wouldn’t for better or worse be able to overlook me. of Russ. I found it hard to think of a good name. president. She first used the names Audrey Brown and Audrey Grant. novelist. Latvian novelist.G. Eileen Gray: Kathleen Eileen Moray Smith (1879–1976).-born Fr. Eng. reversing his first two names.S. TV actor. designer. Hector Grant see J.-born Br. Gravelot: Hubert-François Bourguignon (1699–1773). The singer’s name is said to come from a New York restaurant called Gogi’s La Rue. Ted Grant: Isaac Blank (1913–2006). parentage..-Sc. stage. Belg. stage.A. novelist. Caroline Gravière: Estelle Marie Louise Ruelens. painter.S. brother of James Arness. editor.” Peter Graves: Peter Aurness (1926–2010). when Eileen was 18. Earl of Ellesmere (1847–1914).. Eng. Grant: Hiram Ulysses Grant (1822– 1885).S.–born Br. The former bandleader was billed as Robert Stanton in a couple of early movies. U. Kathryn (or Kathy) Grant: Olive Kathryn Grandstaff (1933–). The congressman who had nominated him. architect. movie actor. novelist. movie actor. engraver. movie. U. Fernand Gravet (or Gravey): Fernand Martens (1904–1970).S. cartoonist. Br. U. before he could begin to separate the two identities of Archie Leach and Cary Grant and there are those who believe he never quite reconciled himself to this self-determined schizophrenia” [Gary Morecambe and Martin Sterling. But I eventually took my mother’s maiden name of Gray” [Dulcie Gray. popular novelist. Elizabeth Janet Gray: Elizabeth Gray Vining (1902–1999). novelist. Ulysses S. Grant: Richard Grant Esterhuysen (1957–). Pol. novelist. In 1839 the future 18th president of the United States was appointed to West Point where he registered as Ulysses Hiram Grant. U. descent. poet.. Eng.] Anne Cox (1853–?).U. U. Sc. The artist’s Grant • Gray adopted name derived. Conder Gray see H. U. journalist. née Crèvecoeur (1821–1878). and in 1897 her father changed his name by royal license to Smith-Gray. née Gyzicka (?–1952). Eng. working in U. novelist. Austr. The writer adopted the name of her first husband. Belg. U. the second of these being his mother’s maiden name.S. revolutionary politician. Gray: Gray Jolliffe (1937–). U. Eng. née Marshall (1907– 1989).D. pop singer. Landon Grant see Leo Grex Lee Grant: Lyova Haskell Rosenthal (1927–).. Ir. novelist. 2001]. The actress tells how she came by her stage name: “I .S. punk musician. movie actress.P. Dulcie Gray: Dulcie Winifred Catherine Denison. U. Caroline Gray see Andrew York Coleen Gray: Doris Jensen (1922–).S. spy. so that Grant’s classmates inevitably read his initials U.S. Allan Gray: Josef Zmigrod (1902–1973).” Charles Granville: Francis Charles Granville Egerton. Looking Forward — Looking Back. Fr. U. Page Edith Gray see H. The writer’s .S. as he did not wish to have the initials H. The founder of the Militant Tendency political faction is said to have adopted his new name from a crew member of the ship he sailed in from South Africa to England in the 1930s. Gogi Grant: Myrtle Audrey Arinsberg (1924–). however.S. of Dan. short-story writer. writer. Kirby Grant: Kirby Grant Hoon (1911–1985). working in U. Eng. McCall Jan Grant: Jan Jekabson (1909–1970).1960–1990). illustrator. née Bailey (1919–).205 “It would be many years . of Du. movie actress. actress. as “Uncle Sam” and accordingly nicknamed him “Sam.S. movie actor. Joan Grant: Joan Kelsey. movie actor.S. children’s writer. “to engrave. Cary Grant: In Name Only. John Grant: Paul le Page Barnett (1949–).. 1991]. Richard E. Barry Gray: Robert Barry Coffin (1826–1886). had in haste given Grant’s first names as Ulysses Simpson. parentage. An adjutant at the academy refused to correct the error. S. U. had to change my name from Bailey as there was another Dulcie Bailey on the stage . Ralph Graves: Ralph Horsburgh (1900–1977). Christine Granville: Krystyna Starbeck. Donald Gray: Eldred Tidbury (1914–1979).born movie music composer. from French graver. Eng.S. movie actress. Dobie Gray: Leonard Victor Ainsworth (1942–). Arthur Leslie Grant. movie actress. occultist. U. soul singer. U. Annabel Gray: [Mrs. presumably by way of a nickname. Arvella Gray: Walter Dixon (1906–1980).. movie comedian. Rob Graves: Robert Ritter (c. From that time on. Ellington Gray: Naomi Ellington Jacob (1884– 1964).

TV entertainer. fashion model.. Larry Grayson: William White (1923–1995). Nina Ellington. August 20–26. bandleader. Jennifer Gray: Jennifer Skinner (1916–1962). He used it for nine volumes published between 1907 and 1942. and it was he who renamed her. p. U. Eng. antiquary. in which David Grayson is a farmer-philosopher who hymns the beauty and peace of the countryside. jazz musician. May was sound asleep.S. Gilda Gray: Marianna Michalska (1899–1959). in order to avoid detection when an army deserter in 1942. The writer is said to have chosen this name when he recalled having heard it “once when I was in the South” [Marble. The dancer originally adopted the stage name “May Gray” but Sophie Tucker convinced her to change “May” to “Gilda. she refused. boxer. essayist. and in 1745 enlisted. movie actress. movie actress..S. writer of romantic fiction. It was Graziano who pop- mother. beginning with Adventures in Contentment. Harriet Gray see Denise Robins James Gray: Hannah Snell (1723–1792). TV actor. The singer adopted the name of a man her father played poker with as her professional name.Gray • Graziano 206 Nadia Gray: Nadia Kujnir-Herescu (1923– 1994).S. Russ. working in U. stage actress. 1995]. journalist.S. Simon Gray: [Sir] Alexander Boswell (1775– 1822). When Bodin was invited by Christian Dior to join him in his fashion house. Tommy Rocky Graziano. daughter of novelist Elizabeth Wooster Phelps (1815–1852). Later. An illegitimate child. Eng. “Grayson” also suggests a kinship with original “White. Michael Gray: Michael Grealis (1947–). Sc. TV dancer. singer. In 1956 he was spotted by agent Evelyn Taylor at London’s Nuffield Centre. Maxwell Gray: Mary Gleed Tuttiett (1847– 1923). Glen Gray: Glen Gray Knoblaugh (1906–1963). U. stage actress.’ He did. ‘I’ve got a new monniker [sic] for you — Gilda Gray! You’ll never make a cent with a name like May Gray. she borrowed a suit from her brother-in-law. bandleader. She signed him up. you look to me like a Bettina” [Michael Gross. The boxer adopted the name of his sister’s boyfriend. Some of These Days: An Autobiography. .’ said Eve. she discovered that James Summs had died and retired from sea in 1750. The artist added Gray to his surname on his marriage in 1918 to Audrey Gordon Gray.” Diane Grayson: Diane Guinibert (1948–). Bettina Graziani: Simone Micheline Bodin (1925–). ‘That’s it. dancer. choosing instead to work for Jacques Fath. Br..S. Kathryn Grayson: Zelma Kathryn Elizabeth Hedrick (1922–2010). movie actress. adventuress. First we settled on Larry. Eng. née Phelps (1844–1911). Eng. actress Linda Gray (1942–). Snell married a Dutch sailor.94]. movie. saxophonist. and began looking for a new name for him. She should not be confused with U.’ The minute I got back to New York from Hartford . took his name. Sally Gray: Constance Vera Stevens (1916– 2006). Rowland Gray: Lilian Kate Rowland-Brown (1863–1959). ‘Wake up!’ I yelled. Eng. It sounds just as tough as you are. U. I rushed up to May’s room . I was going up to Hartford to visit the family and in the Grand Central I bought a tencent magazine of short stories to kill the two-and-ahalf-hour train ride. poet. but the identity of its bearer was revealed in 1916 following the appearance of an impostor who claimed to be “David Grayson. 1948]. 1983]. telling her: “We already have a Simone. And at the time there was a very popular Hollywood singing star Kathryn Grayson. wrote novels as Nina Abbott. James Summs. In 1744. Eng. Rocky Graziano: Thomas Rocco Barbella (1919–1990). stage. George Kruger Gray: George Edward Kruger (1880–1943). Lorna Gray see Adrian Booth Macy Gray: Natalie Renee McIntyre (1970–). U. Model. Linda Gray: Linda Baxter (1910–). novelist.. Jerry Gray: Generoso Graziano (1915–1976).-Rom. Eng. Flemish-born Eng. Eng. née Collinson. The pseudonym long mystified the public. The actress took her mother’s maiden name as her stage name. U. Pol. Grayson first started acting in the music hall at the age of 14 under the name of Billy Breen. James Gray.S. ‘Larry Grayson — write it down. The first story I turned to started off: ‘Gilda Gray was a fascinating blonde. movie actress. crime novelist. Fr. who left her six months later. U. U. TV reporter.” Richard Grayson: Richard Frederick Grindal (1922–). by contrast with the noise and turmoil of urban life.” “She never heard of the name Gilda until I gave it to her. black soul singer. singer.S. while working as a sailor. designer. Victor Gray see Ted Pauker David Grayson: Ray Stannard Baker (1870– 1946). Mary Gray: Elizabeth Stuart Ward.S. Br. liked it and has written it many thousands of times on autograph books since” [TV Times. “We sat there for ages going through different names. actress.-born Br.S. poet. whereupon she resumed her female identity. But Gilda is class!’” [Sophie Tucker. Keen to find him. novelist.

It. Br. The singer formed a group.-born magician. a story of schizophrenia. The Great Lafayette: Sigmund Neuberg