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1.1 PROFILE OF THE COMPANY: The Rane brake linings ltd., plant-III launched Pondicherry. This plant was made on 02.02.1988. In beginning time 130 employees were working that there plant. The plant-3 was occupied on 29237 yards. The factory building was situated on 90000 squire bits. In the beginning stages of manufactures, only four types of products are induced. It is producing a Auto Mobile products such a particular position of all over the country. Types of products a disc pad, clutch facing and railway products. The RBL want to produce the products everything would be satisfied by the customer’s requirement. Products are constantly update in turn with evolving customer demands. Green material policy evolved to ensure products meet stringent Eco-norms. All the products designed and manufacture the Computer Aided Design (CAD) and sophisticated technical equipments like full-scale inertia dynamometer, thermo gravimetric analyses and pyrolysis gas. The General Manager of RBL’s plant - III Pondicherry, R.J.R.FERNADO. (operation)
Disc pads: Asbestos Asbestos free Railway brake blocks: K block • • Asbestos Asbestos free
2 L block • Asbestos free
Clutch facings: Asbestos moulded Asbestos free moulded Asbestos free cord wound
The Rane group of companies founded and incorporated on 1929 in Washington USA, is a privately held the company. Establishment of INDIA in the year year of 1929 the company technical association was made with the collaborator NISSHINBO industries in JAPAN of the manufacture of its products. The company name was selected from an anagram created from of the common letters of the first and last name of the original founders. This particular anagram was selected because it was short, easy-to-say and remembers, and they liked the doubleentendre possibilities implying wet-links northwest. The essential ingredients in Rane’s successful philosophy are knowledge, integrity, pride and commonsense. At Rane, people learn to treat people the way they would want to be treated, to design & built the products the way they would want their designed &built and that when something goes wrong, you react quickly and decisively to correct it. It is an old fashioned, based on the mutual trust and respect. BRANCHES OF THE RANE GROUPS: Rane Corporate Center, Chennai. Rane Regional Office, Chennai, Mumbai. Rane Regional Office, Delhi. Rane Brake Linings Ltd., (HO) Channai. Plants Chennai, Hyderabad, Pondicherry, Trichy M/S
3 Rane (Madras) Ltd.,(HO) Chennai. (Chennai, Mysure, Pondicherry) Rane Engine Values Ltd., (HO) Chennai. (Chennai, Andhra, ponneri, Hyderabad) Rane TRW Steering Systems Ltd.,(HO) Chennai. Viralimalai, Guduvancherry, Singaperumal koil, Kar mobiles ltd., (HO) Banglore. MISSION AND VALUES: provide superior products and services to our customer and maintain market leadership. Evolve as an institution that serves the best interests of all stakeholders. Pursue excellence through total quality management. Ensure the highest standards of ethics and integrity in all our action. VISION STATEMENT: To remain market leader INDIA and global player in fraction material composites through environment friendly technologies and people competence.
OBJECTIVES OF RBL: establish orderliness in all work place. Establish visual controls at work place. Create a safe working conditions. Reduce retained times and there by eliminate delays.
by imparting adequate knowledge and skills to all levels of employees. In total employee involvement and commitment.4 RBL’S QUALITY POLITY: That customer satisfaction is an imperative and this is achieved by supplying quality products in time at competitive prices. Award ISO 14001 environment management system. by RWTUV. are the prime objectives of the company. In ensuring adequate in-house testing facilities. . Germany. DEMING award in the year of 2003-by juse. AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS: Award ISO 9001:2000 quality management system. to create confidence and trust in customers. That quality should be designed engineered and built into the product through appropriate technology. In doing things right first time and every time.Japanese unions for scientists and engineers. on the performance of its products. Germany. by RWTUV.
Head+ Dept. PLANT STEERING COMMITTEE Corporate head.5 ORGANISATION CHART PRESIDENT APEX COMMITTEE (CHARMAN. HYDRABAD. +plant. head. PLANT HED) CHENNAI. PONDICHERRY. Zone-2 Disc Pad Zone-3 Clutch Zone-4 CBB Zone-5 Store Zone-6 OAD Zone-7 PED Sub Zone-4 Zone-1 HR &Add Sub Zone-5 Sub Zone-3 Sub Zone-4 Sub Zone-3 Sub Zone-2 Sub Zone-3 .
2 INTRODUCTION TO STUDY • The study is carried out to find the reasons for conflicts between employers and workers.6 1. • • • • This study provides me a practical exposure to upgrade my knowledge. This study gives a good support for improving the performance of employees. . The study helps to find the satisfaction level of welfare measure provided. It helps the management to improve the welfare measures facilities and to make workers participate more effectively towards the work.
of man.2 CONCEPT OF EMPLOYEE WELFARE Employee welfare may be viewed as a total concept. Employee welfare implies the setting up of minimum desirable standards and the provision of facilities like health. The social concept of welfare implies. and such other services. education. congenial surrounding and to provide them with amenities conductive to good health and high morale”. The relative concept of welfare implies that welfare is relative in time and place. such as to safeguard his health and protect him against .1. facilities and amenities such as canteens. “welfare as anything done for the comfort or improvement and social of the employees over and above the wages paid. “welfare as a term which is understood to include such services and amenities as may be established in or the vicinity of undertaking to perform their work in healthy. such services. medical allowance. 2. rest and recreation facilities.1 DEFINITION OF EMPLOYEE WELFARE The ILO (International Labour Organization) defined. moral and emotional well-being. 2. food. According to Arthur james Todd.7 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2. The total concept is a desirable state of existence involving the physical. clothing housing. his family and his community. amenities and facilities including social security measures as contribute to improve the condition under which workers are employed.1 MEANING OF EMPLOYEE WELFARE Employee welfare means. mental. job security. insurance. which is not a necessity of the industry”. as a social concept and a relative concept.1. arrangement for travel to and for the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from their home.
and the like. another significant step taken by the central . the mines act. circulating library. Welfare facilities may also be categorized as (a) intra-mural and (b) extramural. the plantation labour act 1951. indoor and outdoor recreational facilities. factory news bulletin. 2. adult education.1. cooperation with workers in education services. daily news review. educational facilities for adults and children and the like. 2. amusement and sports. compensation for accidents. 1952. and the contract labour (regulation and abolition) act. the bid and cigar workers (conditions of employment) act 1966. to provide certain welfare for their employees. literary classes.5 EXTRA-MURAL FACILITIES Extra-mural activities cover the services and facilities provided outside the factory such as housing accommodation. The worker should also be equipped with necessary training and a certain level of general education. social education. 1948.6 WELFARE FACILITIES BY THE GOVERNMENT With a view to making it mandatory for employers. What employers provided will be stated later. non-government organizations and the trade unions.4 INTRA-MURAL FACILITIES Intra-mural activities consist of facilities provided within the factories and include medical facilities.3 WORKER’S EDUCATION Reading room.1. 2. 1970. visual education. It may be stated that the welfare activities may be provided by the employer.1.8 occupational hazards. the government of India has enacted several laws from time.1. activities relating to improving of employment. the government. 2. These laws are the factories act. the activities undertaken by other agencies are mentioned here. provision of safety measures.
2. the seva sadan society. the depressed classes mission society and the women’s institute of Bengal.1. the maternity and infant welfare association. Ahmedabad.are worth nothing. 42 every factory shall provide adequate and suitable washing facilities. the YMCA. medical. iron-ore. The welfare activities covered by these funds include housing. which have rendered invaluable services in the field of labour welfare. deal with provisions for the welfare of the workers. STATUTORY AND NON-STATUTORY Welfare activities may also be classified into (i) statutory and (ii) nonstatutory provision.2 STATUTORY EMPLOYEE WELFARE FACILITIES Section 42 to 50 of the factories act of 1948.43) . educational and recreational facilities for employees and their dependents. The welfare activities of these organization of recreation and sports for the working class. Mention may be made of the Bombay social service league.42) According to sec.9 government has been established in coal . The welfare activities of the textile labour association.8 WELFARE WORK BY VOLUNTARY AGENCIES Many voluntary social-service agencies have been doing useful labour-welfare work.mica. Mention may be made here of the textile labour association of headband and the railway men’s union and the mazdoor sabha of kanpur. 1) Washing Facilities (Sec. 2. limestone and dolomite mines. 2. conveniently accessible and clean 2) Storing and Drying Cloth (Sec.1.7 WELFARE ACTIVITIES BY THE TRADE UNION Labour union have contributed their share for the betterment of the employees. separately screened for male and female workers.
employees are need to emphasize the important of providing liberals supply of cool and pure water. natural artificial both. 4) First Aid Facilities (Sec. Rest and Lunch Rooms (Sec. In every part of a manufacturing process where workers are working or passing.47) In every factory where in 150 workers are employers are employed. 7) Lighting sec(17) The RBL must be employed in located things is sight.45) For every 150 workers. . 8) Drinking water (sec18) The RBL working place is so hard. The water pumps are situating for five places in factory. Where more than 500 workers are employed an ambulance room shall be provided and maintained. This box must contain the prescribed contents and it must be in charge of a responsible person who holds a certificate in first – aid. the occupier shall provide shelter. The lay down that in every places effective arrangement must be made to provide and main at suitable place conveniently situated for all workers employed there in a sufficient supply of drinking water. 5) Canteen (sec. 3) Sitting Facilities (Sec. every factory shall provided a place for keeping the clothes which are not worn during working hours and drying of wet clothes.10 According to sec. the occupier has to maintain a canteen for the use of workers. 43. 46) Every factory where 250 workers are employed. there must be readily accessible and well equipped first – aid box. 6) Shelter. there provided and maintained sufficient and suitable light. rest rooms and lunch rooms. 44) Every factory shall provide for suitable arrangements for sitting for all workers obliged to work in a standing position.
separate arrangements for specialist treatment for diseases like T. 4) Recreation Facilities Recreation facilities afford the worker an opportunity to develop his sense of physical and mental discipline. The company also renders assistance to the co-operative housing societies formed by its employees. whether in private or in public sectors have been providing medical facilities for their workers and their families. and mental disease.11 9) Welfare Officers The occupier of every factory employing 500 or more workers shall employee the prescribed number of welfare officer. . It has an important bearing on the individual’s personality as well as his capacity to contribute to social development. 2) Medical Facilities Employers. 3) Transport Facilities Transport facilities to workers residing at a long distance are essential to relieve them from strain and anxiety. Such facilities also provide greater opportunity for relaxation and recreation and help in reducing the rater of absenteeism.B. leprosy. 2.3 NON – STATUTORY EMPLOYEE WELFARE FACILITIES 1) Educational Facilities Educational facilities are important that the children of the workers should be provided with educational facilities. 5) Housing Facilities Some of the industrial employers both in public and private sector have provided housing facilities to their employees. Besides general medical treatment and health-care. cancer.
aid facility in dispensary.50 pasie per month to all the employees of the society. pharmacy. This provided for the workers and his family members. 5) The society has maintained a trust for the employees group gratuity fund. knowledge and skill also to get g his work. They are providing 24 hours service with duty doctors. DISPENSARY With the premises of the mill. 4) Provision of tea allowance of Rs 2. . first.12 Training and development The RBL’s various employee improvement conducts the various places and various programmers. 2) Provisions of educations allowance of 250% per child per annum and maximum of Rs 500% to each of the employees. 7) The society has provided motor conveyance advance facilities to the employees. bed facilities and ambulance van in case of emergency. 6) The society has provided house building advance facilities to the employees. This main motive is improving the employee moral. The manner of execution of subsiding programmers welfare measure 1) Distribution of 1 kg sweets to each of the employees / staff on the occasion of Deepavali. 3) Provision of medical allowance of Rs 100 per month for the employees who are not covered under ESI scheme. they provided.
Bruce Prince Purpose – The employee selection process has generally focused on the nearterm performance potential of internal candidates in filling vacant positions. 3. 3) EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED By J. employee insurance program to provide the employee with better security. Emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive needs assessment both in obtaining the breadth of information needed to design appropriate interventions and also in providing baseline information against which to evaluate programme effectiveness. improvement in health security for the employee’s and their families so that they can work confidently and productively. 1. 4. 2. 2. In a career-focused transfer process the .13 8) To society has provided encashment of earned leave facilities to the employees. Lucy Gibson Describes a process through which organizations might seek to implement interventions relating to employee wellbeing.4 REVIEW OF LITERATURE FROM JOURNALS AND ARTICLES 1) EMPLOYEE WELFARE By Regina bare Employee welfare program is based on the management policy which is aimed shaping perfect employees. There fore the concept of employee welfare includes to aspects namely physical &mental welfare. providing the retired employees with the old age allowance. Finally. provides guidance on programme implementation and evaluation. 2) EMPLOYEE’S WELFARE MEASURES By Ann Davis. This research addresses the potential influence of adding a career development emphasis to the employee transfer decision process. Discusses factors which influence the type of intervention appropriate for a particular situation and highlights their design implications. applications of merit system or work performance system as the basis for employee rewarding. and discusses some of the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to tertiary welfare provision.
14 applicants' individual career development needs and growth opportunities are a key basis for internal selection decisions. Other research efforts (e. Research limitations/implications – This research – while limited due to it cross-sectional methodology – builds on that stream of research by focuses on the design of the employee transfer process and how it can be a key practice for achieving a developmental focus and associated benefits. Originality/value – The results suggest that focusing on performance potential of applicants and career-focused criteria are not necessarily antagonistic but can be used jointly to make internal selection decisions. I recommend the establishment of a division of child hygiene as a part of the State Board of Health. a US financial services firm is used to evaluate the relationship between the use of careerfocused employee transfer criteria and key employee attitudes. Governor To promote a higher type of citizenship. health and nurture of the growing child. and the well-being. This new division should take into account the circularizing of the expectant mother who applies for information. Design/methodology/approach – Using web-based survey methodology. including lower employee turnover. Past research. 4) NEEDED WELFARE MEASURES By ARTHUR CAPPER.g. Findings – The study finds that the use of career-focused processes are positively related to employees' developmental opportunity satisfaction and perceived support for career development. the care of the new-born babe. Regression analyses finds that these two attitudes mediate the positive relationship between the use of career-focused transfer criteria and perceived organization support (POS). Allen and Shore) have linked POS to a variety of positive outcomes. however. to insure to every child born in Kansas a record of birth. has not considered how specific human resource practices can be the basis for the development of key attitudes. . an equal share in the paternal care of the government and a recognition of its potential worth as a future citizen.
that the loan shark evil may be abated. 3. after a sufficient sum is deducted for the convict's maintenance. with power to establish and enforce wage schedules and to regulate the hours of women and minors in industry. To strengthen the workmen's compensation act for the better protection of the workers.15 In the same general line of public welfare. To promote the safety and safeguard the interests of railroad men and the traveling public. To provide for the paying of convicts' earnings to their department families. 4. 2. I recommend the enactment of laws on the following subjects: 1. 10. 9. To assist needy and worthy mothers by a compensation which shall enable them to care for dependent minor children at home instead of their being cared for in institutions. 6. To broaden the $200 tax exemption law by removing the discrimination against certain classes of women. To compel employers to report promptly to the labor department all accidents occurring in factories or mines. To help solve the problem of the unemployed by extending the activities of the free employment bureau. . 8. To authorize cities of the first and second class to establish public loan institutions. 5. 7. To give organized labor the right to select the officers of the State Labor Bureau. To designate certain existing officials to comprise and act as an industrial welfare committee. 11. To make child desertion by either father or mother a crime.
He divides welfare measures into two broad groups. providing guards.16 2. elimination of dust. milk. Convenience and comfort during work. seating arrangements. Welfare measures inside the work place and 2. white-washing of walls and floor maintenance. gases. passages and doors. ventilation. soda. namely. meal times and breaks. that is maintenance of machines and tools fencing of machines. lighting. egress and ingress. 1. That is. up-keeping of premises-compound wall.5 TYPES OF WELFARE ACTIVITIES The meaning of labour welfare may be made more clear more by listing the activities which are referred to as welfare measures. lawns. • Supply of necessary beverages and p-ills and tables. humidity. temperature. helmets. • • Distribution of work hours and provision for rest hours. Workmen’s safety measures. smoke. condition of the work environment • • Neighborhood safety and cleanliness. • Workshop (room) sanitation and cleanliness. Housekeeping. I Welfare measures inside the work place 1. • • Control of effluents. and firest-aid equipment. goggles. operatives posture. gardens. attention to approaches. that is salt tablets. A comprehensive list of welfare activities is given by moorthy in his monumental work on labour welfare. . and so forth. Welfare measures outside the work place Each group includes several activities. fumes. aprons.
waste disposal. sanitation. posters. recreation. Health and medical services. Transport. Markets. II Welfare measures outside the work place Housing. post. provision for spittoons. Management of worker’s cloak rooms. Schools. telegram and telephone. water coolers. out-patient and inpatient care. primary. cultural programmers. rest rooms. Communication. family residences according to types and rooms. family visiting. clubs. family planning. pictures slogans. Roads. that is. lights. Provision of drinking water. open air theatre. reading rooms. reading room and library. dispensary. parks. co-operatives. Canteen services: full meal mobile canteen. wash basin. gymnasia. music clubs. Conveniences: Urinals and lavatories. craft centers.17 • 2) Notice boards. athletics. . Bank. bathrooms. interest and hobby circles. reading room and library. festival celebrations. playgrounds. nursery. bachelor’s quarters. information or communication. waste disposal. Water. secondary and high school. consumer and credit societies. Recreation: games. swimming pool. emergency ward. study circles.
incorporated in the act in 1911. The factory act: The act was first conceived in 1881 when a legislation was enacted to protect children and to provide health and safety measure. gratitude is a thing of the past remembered for a short time and forgotten soon after. the act was amended and enlarged in 1934 following the recommendations of the royal commissions of labour. therefore. . at best peripheral and redundant welfare activities. like to think of as. therefore. Welfare implies do-Gooding.18 Watch and ward. Community services and problems. incorporated in the act in 1948. security. Gratitude is not a prime motivating factor. and others. they are taken for granted. A more comprehensive legislations to regulated and were. Welfare is provided for by the state services. youth and women’s clubs. If welfare services are used at all. The personnel management fraternities have spent many years trying to shake off their association with what they. It is selfish to maintain large playing fields and erect huge sports pavilions if they are going to be used by a minute proportion of staff for a very limited period of welfare services increases the loyalty and motivation of employees has long been exploded. Later. Arguments against labour welfare are obvious. Why should not be the concern of their employers. In fact. child. hours of work were sought to be regulated and were.
• To adopt suitable measures for the improvement of employee performance. • To analyze the employee’s view on the provided welfare measures. • To give suggestions and recommendation for the promotion of welfare measures. • To find out the ways to improve the welfare measures.19 CHAPTER III OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY • To identify the various welfare measures in the organization. .
Defining the population: The total employees working in the organization is 304.3 Data collection method: A survey method is used to collect the data Questionnaire. Type of question: The following are the type of questions which are used in this research. 4. 4.20 CHAPTER IV RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 4.2 Data used: Both primary data and secondary are used in this study.1 Research The advanced learner’s dictionary of current English as “a careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge” Redman and more define research as a “systematized efforts to gain new knowledge” Research design: A plan of proposed study prepared by a researcher stating the research activities to be performed in this proposed study before he undertakes his research work is called “Research Design”. . . Sampling plan: Out of 304 employees this study was carried out taking into the account of only 104 employees.
Filed-work The field work of study was done at RANE BRAKE LININGS LIMITED PUDUCHERRY. It can be generally calculated as follows Number of respondents favorable _______________________________ Total No. 4.4 Description of statistical tool used: According to this project. They are 1) Percentage analysis: The percentage method was extensively used for analysis and interpretation. 2. Multiple choice questions: This type of questions more than two options to express the employee’s view. there are two statistical tools used. two option such as yes/no.21 1. Dichotomous question Dichotomous question are type of question normally. Period of survey: The period of survey was nearly 1 month. of respondents X 100 .
Formula 2 ∑ = (O-E) _______ E O.Observed value E.Expected value There are many situations in which it is not possible to make any rigid assumption about the distribution of the population from which samples are being drawn. . rating to trainer W1x1 X = Where W – Total No. _______ W 3) CHI-SQUARE TEST: Chi-square test to compare the relationship between the two variables. job.22 2) Weighted average method: Weighted arithmetic mean analysis was done to find out the relative importance of certain. respondents W1 – No of respondents X1 – rating given by the respondents.
23 CHAPTER V DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION Table No: 5. concentration and performance.1 A e o th E p y e g f e m lo e 6 0 5 0 4 0 3 0 Frequency 2 0 1 0 0 b lo 2 e w 5 2 -3 6 0 3 -3 1 5 3 &a o 5 b ve A e o th E p y e g f e m lo e .5% of respondents are in age group of 26-30years.5 34. most of the respondents 49% are in age group of 35 &above. 34. The above table points out that. So.1 Age Group S.8%of respondents are in age group of below 25 years.NO 1 2 3 4 Age group below 25 26-30 31-35 35&above Total Number of Respondents 5 12 36 51 104 % of Respondents 4. Chart 5.8 11.0 100 Inference: In industrial sector workers are working in different age group starting from 20to58 years.11.6 49.6% of respondents are in the age of 31-35 years. the age factor of workers determine their involvement.4.
(2. Chart 5.No 1 2 Sex Male Female Total Number of Respondents 101 3 104 % of Respondents 97.2 Sex of the Employee 120 100 80 60 40 Frequency 20 0 Male Female Sex of the Employee .1%) are in sex group of male.24 Table 5.2 Respondents Sex S.9%) of respondents are in sex group of female.1 2.9 100 Inference : Most of the respondents (97.
14.8% of the respondents have studied I.3 Respondents Education S.8 43.No 1 2 3 4 Education H.G P.3) P. most of the respondents (43.4% of the respondents have studied others Chart 5.4% in H.G Qualification of the Employee .I U. have studied U.G.3 100 Inference: The above table shows that.c I.G.25 Table No: 5.5% of the respondents have studied H.s.3 Qualification of the Employee 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 H. of the respondents12. 29.C I.T.4 29.G P.5 14.sc.I U.G Total Number of Respondents 13 15 31 45 104 % of Respondents 12.S.T.SC and 14.TI.
4%)have experienced above 20yrs.4 .1 39.4 24.0% of the respondents have experienced 6-10yrs.4 Respondents Experience S.4 100 Inference: The above table shows that.0 22.1% of the respondents have experienced 11-20yrs and 14.4% of the respondents have experienced 5-15 yrs. 22.No 1 2 3 4 Experience below 5yrs 6-10yrs 11-20yrs above20yrs Total Number of respondents 15 25 23 41 104 % of Respondents 14. most of the respondents (39. Chart 5.26 Table 5. 24.
27 Experience of the Employee above 20yrs Below 5yrs 6 .20yrs .10yrs 11 .
No 1 2 Marital status Number of Respondents % of Respondents Married Unmarried Total 48 56 104 46.28 Table: 5. most of the respondents (53. (46.2 53. Chart 5.8 100 Inference: The above table shows that.8%) have unmarried.2%) of the respondents are married.5 .5 Respondents Marital Status S.
29 Marital status 60 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Married Unmarried Marital status .
5 32.6 .No 1 2 3 4 5 Monthly Income below 5000 5001 to 10000 10001 to 15000 15001 to 20000 20001 and above Total No of respondents % of respondents 18 23 16 13 34 104 17.6 Respondents Salary S.1 15.3 22.7 100 Inference: From the above table it is observed that salary level of 20001 and above 32. Chart 5.30 Table 5.7% of the respondents.4 12.
31 Monthly Income of the Employee below 5000 20001 and above 5001 to 10000 15001 to 20000 10001 to 15000 .
32 Table 5.No 1 Sort of workers Permanent No of respondents 104 % of respondents 100 Inference: The above table shows sort of workers most of the respondents (100%) got permanent.7 . Chart 5.7 Respondents Sort of Workers S.
33 Sort of Worker 120 100 80 60 40 Frequency 20 0 Permanent Sort of Worker Table 5.8 Safety Measures .
3 100 gloves & eyeglass . helmet.Overcoat. Chart 5. Overcoat.Shoes & Cap.0 42. Overcoat & Helm Cap.8 Safety Equipment given by Organization 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Cap. Gloves & Eye glass Cap. Shoes & Gloves Cap.9 Family Welfare Facility . Helmet & Eye glass Cap.4 24.Helment. Overcoat & Helmet Cap.7 11. over coat.34 Inference: From the above table it is found that 44 respondents are expecting cap. Shoes. Overcoat. Helment & Cap. Gloves & Eyeglass Total No of respondents 8 12 15 25 44 104 % of Respondents 7. Shoes. S. Helmet. from the Management.Gloves & E Safety Equipment given by Organization Table 5.Shoes. Shoes .5 14. Shoes.Overcoat Cap.Shoes.NO 1 2 3 4 5 Safety measures Cap. eye glass & gloves and 25 respondents are expecting cap shoes.
Chart 5.9 . holiday compensation & EPF Insurance.35 % of Respondents 3.4 100 Inference: From the above table it is found that 68 respondents are satisfied with Insurance. Vehicle loans &Education allowance Total No of respondents 4 14 5 13 5 68 104 65.8 13. housing loans Vehicle loans. Vehicle loan & Education allowance and 14 respondents are satisfied with Education allowance & EPF accepted.8 12.5 4. EPF. EPF.NO 1 2 3 4 Family welfare facility EPF Education allowance & EPF Insurance. EPF.5 S.
ambulance.5 9.Holida Insurance .9 1.0 26. E F.6 9.Housi P Vehicle loans.10 . Chart 5. Treatment charges &other specify Total Medical facility No of respondents 12 10 20 6 5 10 10 1 28 2 104 % of respondents 11.36 Family Welfare Facility Provided organization EF P E ducation Allowance Insurance. ambulance & Treatment charges First aid.6 19. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 First aid Ambulance Treatment charges Other specify First aid & ambulance First aid & Treatment Charges Ambulance & treatment Charges Ambulance & other specify First aid.8 4.Vehic P Table 5. ambulance & treatment charges and 20 respondents are expecting treatment charges from the management.2 5.8 9.6 1.9 100 Inference: From the above table it is found that 28 respondents are expecting first aid.10 Medical Facility S.E F.
NO 1 2 3 4 Treatment No of respondents % of respondents Good Normal Poor No opinion Total 35 48 9 12 104 33. 33.2 8. Chart 5.7 46.11 .7% of respondents say that it is poor. Ambulance Ambulance Ambulance & Other sp Ambulance & Treatmen Treatment Charges first aid & atreatme Other Specify First aid & Ambulanc Table 5.ambulance.7 11.2%) says that.7% of respondents says that it is good. First aid First aid.5 100 Inference: The above table shows that the respondents (46.5% of respondents says that they had no opinion and 8.37 Medical Facilities first aid.11 Respondents opinion on Treatment S. the treatment is normal. 11.
38 Feel about Treatment 60 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Good normal Poor No Opinion Feel about Treatment .
2 100 Inference: Most of the respondents are satisfied with working environment condition.7 32.12 Type of Environment Condition All Pleasant Environment Proper Ventilation Fresh Air .39 Table 5. Chart 5.7 46.5 7.12 Environment Condition S. No 1 2 3 4 Environment condition Pleasant condition Proper Ventilation Fresh air All Total No of respondents 14 8 34 48 104 % of respondents 13.
7% says that they maintain equality among all.7 43.5% says that they have no opinion. 31. of respondents % of respondents No difference is identified Maintain equality among all Provide social security No opinion Total 14 33 45 12 104 13.5 100 Inference: The above table explain that.No 1 2 3 4 Wearing Uniform System No.40 Table 5.5 31.3 11. Chart 5.13 .3% of respondents says that they provide social security and 11.13 Wearing Uniform system S. 43. the respondents (13.5%) says that they feel no difference is identified on wearing the uniform.
41 Type of feeling with wearing uniform 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 No difference is Ide Provide Social Secur No oOpinion Maintain Equality am Type of feeling with wearing uniform .
2 100 Inference: From the above table it shows that.No 1 2 3 4 5 Transport facility No of respondents % of respondents Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dis satisfied No opinion Total 11 33 25 15 20 104 10. 14.6%) says that.0 14. 31. 24.4 19.4% of respondents says that. Chart 5.6 31.2% of respondents says that they are no opinion. they are highly dissatisfied.14 .14 Transport Facility S.42 Table 5. respondents(10.7% of respondents says that they are satisfied. they are highly satisfied with transport facility.7 24.0% of respondents says that they are dissatisfied. 19.
9% of respondents are satisfied with library.15 Education Facilities S.No 1 2 3 4 5 Library Free computer training Reading room & daily news review Library & free computer train Library.0 % of respondents are satisfied with free computer training.3 25.43 Satisfied with Transport facilities Highly Satisfied No opinion Highly Dis Satisfied Satisfied Dis Satisfied Table 5. .9 100 Inference: From the above table it is found that 26. Computer train& daily news review Total Education facilities No of Respondents 19 26 15 16 28 104 % of Respondents 18.4 26. computer train & daily news review and 25.0 14.4 15.
Computer T Free Computer Traini Liabray & Free Compu Reading room & daily .15 Education Facilities given by Organization Liabrary Liabrary.44 Chart 5.
16 Supportive Activities Programs 30 20 10 Frequency 0 Personality Developm Safety and Environme Quality classes Social Competency Pr Product and Process Supportive Activities Programs . 22. 20.45 Table 5.1% of respondents say that product and process classes.0 S.9 15. No 1 2 3 4 5 Supportive Activities Programs Personality development programs Social competency programs Safety and environment classes Product and process classes Quality classes Total Inference: From the above table it shows that.4 22.16 Supportive Activities Programs No of respondents 28 16 23 21 16 104 % of respondents 26.2 15.9%) says that the personality development programs.4 100. Chart 5. most of the respondents (26.1% of respondents say that is safety and environment classes.1 20.
0 32. Chart 5.0% 0f the respondents have bonus and 24.17 . most of the respondents (32.0% of respondents have last year bonus.NO 1 2 3 4 Bonus below 5000 5001 to 10000 10001 to 15000 15000 and above Total No of respondents 18 25 27 34 104 % of respondents 17.3 24.46 Table 5.17 Respondents bonus S.7%) have bonus 26.7 100 Inference: The above table shows that.0 26.
47 Bonus amount on Last Year below 5000 15000 and above 5001 to 10000 10001 to 15000 .
35.6 36.9% of the respondents says that other monetary benefit.NO 1 2 3 Monetary benefits Monetary reward for the continuous improvement Monetary reward for problem solving Others Total No of respondents % of respondents 37 38 29 104 35.5 27.6% of the respondents says that it is monetary reward for the continuous improvement and 27. most of the respondents says that monetary reward for problem solving. Chart 5.48 Table 5.0 Inference: The above table show that.18 Monetary Benefits S.18 Monetary benefits fron Organization 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Monetary rew ard for Monetary rew ard for Others Monetary benefits fron Organization .9 100.
3 25.3 100 Inference: From the above table it shows that.0 17.0 15.19 Extra Curricular Activities S. 17.49 Table 5. sports & athletic.19 .NO 1 2 3 4 5 Extra curricular activities Sports Company seminar Sports & athletic Sports & Company seminar Sports. Chart 5. respondents is common in 25% says that sports. company seminar Total No of respondents 26 18 26 16 18 104 % of respondents 25. sports & Athletic.4 17. athletic.3% of respondents says that they have company seminar.
athletic.50 Extra Curricular activites by the Organization Sports. Co Sports Sports & Company sem Company seminor Sports & athletic .
NO 1 2 Rest hour 2 hour once 4 hour once Total No of respondents 84 20 104 % of respondents 80.51 Table 5. Chart 5.2% respondents are expecting 4 hours once rest hour.8 19.2 100 Inference: From the above table it is found that 80.20 Expected Rest hour in the Organization 100 80 60 40 Frequency 20 0 2 hour once 4 hour once Expected Rest hour in the Organization .8% of respondents are expecting 2hour once and 19.20 Expected Rest Hour S.
52 Table 5. Chart 5.NO 1 2 Various shift system yes No Total No of respondents % of respondents 79 25 104 76.21 .0 100 Inference: The above table explains that.0 24.21 Allotment of Various Shift System S. most of the respondents (76%) says that they comfortable in allotment of various shift system and 24% of respondents says that they are comfortable in allotment of various shift system.
53 Comfotable with Shift System 100 80 60 40 Frequency 20 0 Yes No Comfotable with Shift System Table 5.22 Level of satisfaction working in night shift .
8% respondents are satisfied.5 says that they are dissatisfied while working in night shift and only 28.22 .NO 1 2 3 4 Working in night No.2 100 Inference: The above table shows that. most of the respondents 37.8 37.54 S. of respondents % of respondents shift Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied No opinion Total 30 39 14 21 104 28. Chart 5.5 13.5 20.
55 Level of Satisfaction With Night Shift No opinon Satisfied Highly dis satisfied Dis satisfied .
23 .23 Level of satisfaction with the Drinking Water S.7 40.NO 1 2 3 4 5 Drinking water Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dis No opinion Total Satisfied No respondents 7 42 23 3 29 104 % of respondents 6.56 Table 5.9% of the respondents have no opinion about the facility.4 22. Chart 5.1 2.9 100 Inference: From the table it infers that 40.4% of respondents are satisfied with the drinking water facility while 27.9 27.
57 Satisfied With Drinking Water Facilities 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Highly satisfied Satisf ied Dis satisfied No opinion Highly Dis satisfied Satisfied With Drinking Water Facilities Table 5.5 31.4% of the respondents have poor about the quality of food.7 40.NO 1 2 3 4 Quality of food No of respondents % of respondents Good Normal Poor None Total 12 33 42 17 104 11. Chart 5.24 .3 100 Inference: From the table it infers that 31.24 Quality of Food S.7% of the respondents are normal with the quality of food while 40.4 16.
9 19.NO 1 2 3 4 5 Cleanliness of canteen Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Total No of respondents 3 20 42 16 23 104 % of respondents 2.25 Cleanliness of canteen S.25 .4 15.1 100 Inference: From the table it infers that 19.58 Opinion on Quality of Food 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 G ood N al orm P oor N one Opinion on Quality of Food Table 5.2 40. Table 5.2%of the respondents is satisfied with the cleanliness of canteen facility while 58.4 22.5% of respondents have dissatisfied with the canteen facility.
5 100 Inference: 44.2% of the respondents is satisfied with the price of canteen.2 1.2 19.26 Price of canteen S.NO 1 2 3 4 5 Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Total No of respondents 24 46 20 2 12 104 % of respondents 23.1 44. Chart 5.9 11.26 .59 Satisfaction of Cleanliness 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Satisfaction of Cleanliness Table 5.
9 20.NO 1 2 3 4 5 Availability of adequate space Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Total No of respondents 3 28 21 18 34 104 % of respondents 2.27 Availability of Adequate Space S.27 . Chart 5.9 26.60 Satisfaction of Price 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Satisfaction of Price Table 5.7 100 Inference: Most of the respondents dissatisfied with the availability of adequate space in canteen.3 32.2 17.
6 100 Inference: .4 35.28 Labour Officer S.61 Satisfaction of the Availability Space 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly Dissatisfied No opinion Satisfaction of the Availability Space Table 5.NO 1 2 Labour Officer Yes No Total No of respondents 67 37 104 % of respondents 64.
1 TITLE: WEIGHTED AVERAGE FOR RANK THE WELFARE FACILITIES PROVIDED IN THE ORGANIZATION NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FACILITY Safety measures Medical facility Uniform facility Transport facility Education facility Rest room Drinking water Canteen facility No.4% of the respondents is satisfied and 35.6% of the respondents is not satisfied with the labour officer.29.62 64.28 Do you Need a Labour Officer 70 60 50 40 30 20 Frequency 10 0 Yes No Do you Need a Labour Officer Table 5. Chart 5. of respondents 15 13 21 8 12 14 11 10 .
2 RANK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 TOTAL WEIGHT 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 X1 15 13 21 8 12 14 11 10 104 WX1 120 91 126 40 48 42 22 10 499 RANK 2 4 1 8 5 3 6 7 4.63 Formula: X = WX/W W = number of respondents X = rating given by the respondent Table 5.1 .30.79807 Inference: From the above table most of the respondents are satisfied with welfare facilities given by organization Table 5.29.
Formula: X= W1x1 ________ W Where: W.S Cleanliness Serving Hygienic Price Light Availability of adequate space Interpretation: 3 7 9 24 20 3 S 20 39 38 46 43 28 D.NO of respondents X1.64 Title: WEIGHTED AVERAGE FOR RANK THE WELFARE FACILITIES PROVIDED IN THE ORGANIZATION IN CANTEEN FACILITY H. of respondents 23 23 24 12 17 34 Total 104 104 104 104 104 104 Weighted average for rank the canteen facilities provided in the organization. respondents W1.S 42 26 17 20 18 21 H.30.2 .D 16 9 16 2 6 18 no.rating given by the respondents Table 5.Total No.
X 1 2 3 4 5 Total Σ W RANK
W 5 4 3 2 1
X1 3 20 42 16 23 104 2.653 V
WX1 15 80 126 32 23 176
X2 7 39 26 9 23 104
WX2 35 156 78 18 23 310
X3 9 38 17 16 24 1104
WX3 45 152 51 32 24 304
X4 24 46 20 2 12 104
WX4 120 184 60 4 12 380
X5 20 43 18 6 17 104
WX5 100 172 54 12 17 355
X6 3 28 21 18 34 104
WX6 15 112 63 20 43 244
Inference: From the above table most of the respondents are satisfied canteen price provided organization.
ANALYSIS OF QUALIFICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE’S & DO YOU NEED A LABOUR OFFICER USING CHI-SQUARE TEST
HO: There is no significant difference between Qualification for the Employee’s & need a Labuor Officer. H1: There is significant difference between Qualification for the Employee’s & need a Labuor Officer.
Do you Need a Labour Officer Yes Qualification of the Employee H.s.c I.T.I U.G P.G Total EXPECTED FREQUENCY: 9 8 17 33 67 No 4 7 14 12 37 13 15 31 45 104
Do you Need a Labour Officer Yes Qualification of the Employee H.s.c I.T.I U.G P.G Total 8.4 9.7 20.0 29.0 67.0 No 4.6 5.3 11.0 16.0 37.0 13.0 15.0 31.0 45.0 104.0 Total
FORMULA: Σ = ( 0-E)2 /E O – observed value E – Expected value
O 9 8 17 33 4 7 14 12 TOTAL E 8.4 9.7 20.0 29.0 4.6 5.3 11.0 16.0 (0-E)2 0.36 2.89 9 16 0.36 2.89 9 16 (0-E)2/E 0.042 0.297 0.45 0.55 0.078 0.545 0.818 1 3.78
Calculated value:3.78 Degree of freedom = (C-1) (R-1) = (4-1) (2-1) = 3X1
65. 26. it provides social security on wearing uniform system.68 =3 Table value: 7. 43. 26.9% of respondents are expecting medical facilities on first aid. ambulance & treatment charges. Most of the respondents are satisfied with working environment condition. All the respondents are permanent. 39. they are satisfied of their transport facility.1% of the respondents are female. most of the respondents are having 5000 and above of monthly salary.4% of the respondents are having above 20 years of experience.78 for degree of freedom at 5 % level of significant is lesser than the table value 7.8% of the respondents are unmarried. CHAPTER VI FINDINGS OF THE STUDY • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 49% of the respondents are belonging to the age group of 35 & above.6% of respondents are satisfied with the extra curricular activities 15.8% of respondents are not satisfied.4% of respondents are not satisfied.2% of the respondents said that treatment provided in dispensary is normal. computer train & daily news review. 95. .3% of the respondents said that. 53. Vehicle loans & education allowance. 43. EPF. 85. 31. 46.3% of the respondents are studied P.5% of the respondents are satisfied with monetary reward for problem solving.2% of respondents are satisfied the safety equipment facilities and 4. 36. 26.9% of the respondents are expecting education facilities on library.9% of the respondents are satisfied with the supportive activities on personality development programs.4% of workers are expecting family welfare facilities on insurance.7% of the respondents said that . most of the respondents are having 5000 and above bonus.815 there fore the hypothesis is accepted. 97.G.815 Ho accepted: Since calculated value 3.
Most of the respondents are not satisfied with the quality of food.4% of the respondents are satisfied with labour officer. • Regarding canteen facility better quality of food. • The employee’s felt that the transport facility is inadequate. The company can arrange additional transport facility so that the employee’s will be able to come to the company without much strain. the canteen cleanliness must be maintained properly. 76% of the respondents are comfortable in allotment of various shift system. they are dissatisfied working in night shift. and adequate space. 44.4% of the respondents says that .69 • • • • • • • • • Most of the respondents are satisfied with the rest hour. . CHAPTER VI SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS • The researcher listed out the following suggestion after analyzing the main findings of this research study. 40.2% of the respondents is satisfied with the canteen price. 32.5% of the respondents says that.7% of the respondents are no opinion of availability of adequate space in canteen. should be provided by the management. 37.4% of the respondents are not satisfied with the canteen cleanliness. • The manager can adopt various motivation technique to motivate the employee’s working in night shift. 40. 64. they are satisfied drinking water.
working in night shift and canteen facilities. PUDUCHERRY.70 CHAPTER VII CONCLUSION This study was carried out by us to determine the level of employee welfare practices in RANE BRAKE LININGS LIMITED. The employee’s were satisfied work with the safety measures adopted during work facilities regarding uniform drinking water and health care provided by the organization was satisfactory. From the critical analysis it was found that the employee’s were dissatisfied with transport facility. . The objective of this study is achieved in findings the satisfactory level and workers opinion towards the management attitude.
71 CHAPTER VIII LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY The respondents had the fear that the questionnaire may be shown to the management. The data obtained is qualitative but not quantitative and it is subjected to human error. . Due to time limit the study is restricted to 30 days only. Few employees refused to answer the question.
This can be referred as a base for future oriented projects.72 CHAPTER VIII SCOPE FOR FURTHER STUDY The study has been conducted with a view to bring out simple measuring tool for understanding the effectiveness of welfare measures facilities and satisfaction level of employees regarding the facilities. This study will be helpful to the human resource department organization growth. for the . The project throws light on the need for welfare measures among the employees in the organization.
T. PERSONAL DATA: 1) Worker’s name : ________________________ : : : : below 25 Male H.s. PUDUCHERRY.G 31-35 35& above 2) Age 3) Sex 4) Qualification 5) Experience yrs 6) Marital status above20 : Married below 5000 15001 to 20000 Unmarried 5001 to 10000 10001 to 15000 7) Monthly income : 20001 and above .G P.73 QUESTIONNAIRE A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE’S WELFARE MEASURES WITH SPECIAL REFFRENCE TO “RANE BRAKE LININGS LIMITED”.c below 5yrs 26-30 Female Diploma 6-10 yrs I.I 11-20 yrs U.
74 8)What sort of worker you are : SAFTEY MEASURES: 9) What are the safety equipment given by the organization? [a] Cap [b] Helmet [c] Over coat [d] Shoes [e] Gloves [f] Eye glass Temporary Permanent 10) What are the family welfare facilities provided by the organization? [a] Education allowance [b] Family group Insurance [c] EPF [d] Holiday compensation [e] Vehicle loans [f] Housing loan MEDICAL FACILITY: 11) What kind of medical facilities do you are expect? [a] First aid [b] Ambulance [c] Treatment charges [d] Other specify 12) How do you feel about treatment? [a] Good [b] Normal [c] Poor [d] No opinion WORKING ENVIRONMENT: 13) What type of environment condition you prefer for better performance [a] Pleasant environment [b] proper ventilation [e] All [c] Fresh air [d] Guidance from superiors UNIFORM FACILITIES: 14) What type of feeling do you have on wearing uniform [a] [b] [c] [d] No difference is identified Maintain equality among all Provide social security No opinion TRANSPORT FACILITIES: 15) Are you satisfied with the transport facilities provided by the organization Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly satisfied No opinion .
75 EDUCATION FACILITY: 16) Education facilities given by the organization [a] Library [b] Free computer training [d] Daily news review [c] Reading room EMPLOYEE IMPROVEMENT 17) What are the supportive activities / enhancement programs conducted by management in this liberalized economic period to the employee [a] [b] [c] [d] [e] Personality development programs Social competency programs Safety and environment classes Product and process classes Quality classes 18) What is your bonus amount on last year? [a] below 5000 [b] 5001 to 10000 [c] 10001 to 15000 [d] 15000 and above 19) Is there any other monetary benefits from the organization [a] Monetary reward for the continuous improvement [b] Monetary reward for problem solving [c] Others 20) Extra curricular activities by the organization [a] Sports [b] Athletic [c] Company seminar [d] No opinion WORKING HOURS & SHIFT SYSTEM : 21) Your expected rest hour in the organization [a] 2 hour once [b] 4 hour once [c] 6 hour once 22) Are you comfortable with shift system ? [a] Yes [b] No .
76 23) What level of satisfaction do you have working in night shift Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dis satisfied No opinion DRINKING WATER: 24) Are you satisfied with the drinking water facilities provided by the organization Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dis satisfied No opinion CANTEEN FACILITY : 25) What is your opinion on quality of food? [a] Good [b] normal [c] poor [d] none 26) Are you satisfied with the canteen facility Highly satisfied Cleanliness Serving Hygienic Price Light Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dis satisfied No opinion .
77 Availability of adequate space LABOUR OFFICER 27) Do you need a labour officer? [a]Yes [b] No EMPLOYEE WELFARE FACILITY PROVIDED BY “RANE BRAKE LININGS LIMITED” 28) Rank the welfare facilities provided in the organization NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FACILITY Safety measures Medical facility Uniform facility Transport facility Education facility Rest room Drinking water Canteen facility RANK 29) Do you suggest any new welfare facilities required to the employee’s . Please mention ___________________ .
New Delhi. S.78 2.Nath&co. R. 1985.meeract-2 www.childcareaction. 2nd edition. 2005 3.P Gupta - statistical method – Sultan chant & Sons Publishers.R..C.in www. Tata mc graw -hill publishing-New Delhi second reprint 2002 4.Saxena 5 . Aswathapa - Human resource and personnel management.co.org .rane. thirty fourth editions. BIBLIOGRAPHY Books: 1. 2. C. Web site - Labor problems and social welfare K. Kothari - Research Methodology – New age international (p) Ltd.
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