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How to Map Arguments Political Science

How to Map Arguments Political Science

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How to Map Arguments in Political Science

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How to Map Arguments
in Political Science

Craig Parsons

1

3

Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6DP

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.
It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship,
and education by publishing worldwide in

Oxford New York

Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi
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With offices in

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Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press
in the UK and in certain other countries

Published in the United States
by Oxford University Press Inc., New York

© Craig Parsons 2007

The moral rights of the authors have been asserted
Database right Oxford University Press (maker)

First published 2007

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press,
or as expressly permitted by law, or under terms agreed with the appropriate
reprographics rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction
outside the scope of the above should be sent to the Rights Department,
Oxford University Press, at the address above

You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover
and you must impose the same condition on any acquirer

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

Data available

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Data available

Typeset by SPI Publisher Services, Pondicherry, India
Printed in Great Britain
on acid-free paper by
Biddles Ltd., King’s Lynn, Norfolk

ISBN 0-19-928667-1 978-0-19-928667-6
ISBN 0-19-928668-X (Pbk) 978-0-19-928668-3 (Pbk)

1 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2

To my students

Acknowledgements

My doctoral students at Syracuse University and the University of Oregon
provided the direct inspiration for this project. Their input and encour-
agement led me to see that lecture notes from my field seminar in com-
parative politics might become a book—and that unlike most of the other
books I am likely to write, this one might address some fairly widely-
perceived needs in our discipline. Later the students in my seminar in
qualitative methods helped me broaden and sharpen the framework. I’m
extremely grateful to all of them for pushing me to think aloud about
these issues.

As the book came together I benefited enormously from comments
from many colleagues, including Chris Ansell, Mark Blyth, Jim Caporaso,
Peter Hall, Marc Morjé Howard, Nicolas Jabko, Peter Katzenstein, Rogan
Kersh,NedLebow,JonMercer,RonaldMitchell,BrianRathbun,Alexander
Wendt, and Daniel Ziblatt. The most critical comments (in both senses
of ‘critical’) came from the same person who was most important in
improving my first book, A Certain Idea of Europe: Andrew Moravcsik.
Much like with that earlier volume, Andy provided a wake-up call on this
project that made it immeasurably stronger in the late revisions. He may
still not find the results persuasive, but I must thank him once again for
forcing me to be more careful, comprehensive, and clear.
I could not have finished the book as quickly or as well without gener-
ous leave from Syracuse, the research time afforded by the quarter system
at Oregon, and the early faith of my OUP editor, Dominic Byatt. And I
could do very little at all without the love and support of my wife Kari,
and the joy that Tor and Margaux bring to my life.

Craig Parsons

Eugene, Oregon

January 2007

Contents

Part I. Introduction

Introduction

3

1. Boundaries and Divisions in Explanation of Action

21

Part II. Logics

2. Structural Explanation

49

3. Institutional Explanation

66

4. Ideational Explanation

94

5. Psychological Explanation

133

Conclusion

163

References

174

Index

194

vii

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Part I

Introduction

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