BYLAWS

of the

UNITED EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES WORKERS
AFSCME LOCAL 4911
Subject to ratification by United EMS Worker’s first bargaining unit or units.

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION 3 SECTION 1 – NAME AND AFFILIATIONS 3 SECTION 2 – OBJECTIVES AND MEMBERS’ BILL OF RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES 3 SECTION 3 – MEMBERSHIP AND FEES 5 SECTION 4 – REGULAR AND SPECIAL MEETINGS 7 SECTION 5 – OFFICERS, BOARD OF DIRECTORS, AND TRUSTEES 9 SECTION 6 – DUTIES OF OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, AND TRUSTEES 10 SECTION 7 – NOMINATION, ELECTION, AND INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, AND TRUSTEES 13 SECTION 8 - SHOP STEWARDS 16 SECTION 9 – USE OF UNION FUNDS 19 SECTION 10 – CHILD CARE, DEPENDENT CARE, AND ELDER CARE 19 SECTION 11 – DELEGATES TO CONFERENCES, CONVENTIONS, AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS 20 SECTION 12 – COMMITTEES 20 SECTION 13 – COMPLAINTS AND TRIALS 23 SECTION 14 – REMOVAL OF OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS 23 SECTION 15 – COLLECTIVE BARGAINING 24 SECTION 16 – RULES OF ORDER 24 SECTION 17 – AMMENDMENTS AND MODIFICATIONS TO BYLAWS 25 SECTION 18 – PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF BYLAWS 26 Appendix “A” – UEMSW EQUALITY STATEMENT 26

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INTRODUCTION
United Emergency Medical Services Workers has been formed to: • • • • Improve the social and economic well-being of all of its members; Promote democracy for its members; Promote the efficiency and high quality of EMS services and; Express its belief in the unity of organized labor.

The following Bylaws are adopted to protect the rights of all members, to provide for responsible governance of the Union, and to involve as many members of the Union as possible through the sharing of opportunities and responsibilities.

SECTION 1 – NAME & AFFILIATION
The name of this Union shall be United Emergency Medical Services Workers, AFSCME Local 4911 (hereinafter referred to as “UEMSW,” “Local 4911, “Local” or “Union”). This Union shall be affiliated with the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, AFL-CIO.

SECTION 2 – OBJECTIVES; MEMBERS’ BILL OF RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
We are the United Emergency Medical Services Workers. We are united by our belief in the dignity and worth of workers and by our belief in the services we provide. We are dedicated to improving the lives of our members and their families, and to creating a more just and humane society in which all people have access to quality affordable healthcare. This Union’s greatest asset is the strength, unity, and solidarity of its entire membership. We are Emergency Medical Services workers forming a strong union to build power for ourselves and to protect the people we serve. The objectives of this Union are to: • Secure the best possible pay, benefits, job security, working conditions, and pensions/retiree benefits for its members through organization of the unorganized, collective bargaining, legislative and political action, and the utilization of other lawful strategies; Promote the professional reputation of and public respect for Emergency Medical Services workers; Create dignified, safe, and progressive job conditions for EMS workers that enable those workers to provide the highest quality care to patients and their families;

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• • • • •

Promote trade unionism and worker solidarity across industries and workforces; Provide opportunities for its members to influence and shape their future through free democratic trade unionism; Encourage the settlement by negotiation and mediation of all disputes between members and their employers; Achieve influence over the Emergency Medical Services industry sector and labor market; Ensure that workers’ voices are heard at the highest levels of government, and that their expertise and experience shape the transformation of Emergency Medical Services in the United States and globally; Eliminate harassment and discrimination of any sort to ensure equal treatment regardless of class, race, color, nationality, ethnicity, age, gender, language, sexual orientation, place of origin, ancestry, religious and/or political beliefs, and mental or physical disability (and actively oppose such discrimination wherever it appears); and Establish strong working relationships with our employers, the public we serve, and the communities in which we work and live.

Members’ Rights in the Union: • • • • • The right to have their opinions heard and respected, to be informed of Union activities, and to be educated in Union values and Union skills. The right to choose the leaders of the Union in a fair and democratic manner. The right to a full accounting of Union dues and proper stewardship over Union resources. The right to participate in the Union’s bargaining efforts, to elect Bargaining Committees, and to approve Union contracts. The right to have their concerns resolved in a fair and expeditious manner.

Members’ Responsibilities in the Union: • The responsibility to help build a strong and more effective labor movement, to support the organization of unorganized workers, to help build a political voice for working people, and to stand up for one’s co-workers and for all workers. The responsibility to inform themselves about the internal governance of the Union and to participate in the conduct of the Union’s affairs. The responsibility to contribute to the financial support of the Union. The responsibility to treat all workers and members fairly.

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The responsibility to bring concerns in a constructive manner to structures within the Union as defined by these Bylaws.

Members’ Rights on the Job: • The right to work that is worthwhile to society and to pursue satisfying work that provides a decent standard of living, a healthy and safe workplace, and the maximum possible employment security. The right to a meaningful and protected voice in the design and execution of one’s work and in the long-term plans of one’s employer, as well as the training necessary to take part in such planning. The right to fair and equitable treatment on the job. The right to share fairly in the gains of the employer. The right to participate fully in the work of the Union on the scope, content, and structure of one’s job.

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Members’ Responsibilities on the Job: • • • • • • The responsibility to participate in the Union’s efforts to establish and uphold collective principles and values for effective workplace participation. The responsibility to recognize and respect the interests of all Union members when making decisions about Union goals. The responsibility to be informed about the industry in which one works and about the forces that will affect the condition of workers in the industry. The responsibility to participate fully in the Union’s efforts to expand the voice of workers on the job. The responsibility to provide a fair day’s work for a fair day’s pay. The responsibility to advocate for the needs of the patients we serve.

SECTION 3 – MEMBERSHIP & FEES (a) A regular member is an individual who has requested membership in writing using the UEMSW membership application, and who is (a) employed in a bargaining unit for which the Union is the recognized bargaining agent and/or for which the Union seeks to be certified as the recognized bargaining agent for matters relating to wages, hours and other terms and conditions of employment; or is (b) a full-time UEMSW staff member who is currently licensed or certified as an EMS professional. The Board of Directors of the UEMSW shall, without discrimination, approve all requests for membership of those individuals who meet the qualifications as set out above.

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(b) Members must remit all dues, fees, and assessments required of any member by these Bylaws throughout their membership period, except as otherwise specified in these Bylaws. (c) Dues shall be a minimum of $35 per month for eligible UEMSW members, or two (2) times the average hourly wage of the representative bargaining unit to which a member belongs, whichever is greater. Dues shall be payable monthly in advance to the Local’s treasurer and in any event shall be paid not later than the 15th day of the month in which they become due. Any member who fails to pay dues by the 15th day of the month in which they become due shall be considered delinquent and, upon failure to pay dues for two (2) consecutive months, shall stand suspended. Any person who is paying dues through a system of regular payroll deduction shall, for so long as such person continues to pay through such deduction method, be considered a member in good standing. (d) Any member who has paid dues in advance shall be entitled to a pro-rated refund upon their written request to terminate membership. Such pro-rated refund shall be calculated upon the date the request for resignation of membership is received by the Board. Membership withdrawal forms shall be provided to any member immediately upon request. (e) Members may be required to pay additional fees or assessments as determined by the Board of Directors; however, such fees or assessments must be approved by a majority vote of the members voting by secret ballot at a properly called meeting for that purpose. (f) Any member who has been unemployed or on an employer-approved leave of absence (including disability) for more than twenty days in a calendar month, and who does not receive unemployment compensation, sick leave pay, or other remunerations, shall not be required to pay any accumulated arrears upon return to the union, provided that such arrearage does not exceed six months in a calendar year. (g) Any member whose employment in a bargaining unit represented by UEMSW is terminated shall be permitted to continue membership until all appeals have been exhausted. Such membership shall continue provided that the member maintains (or appeals the loss of) the professional licenses and/or certifications that would enable employment elsewhere in Emergency Medical Services. Such member shall not be required to pay dues for up to six (6) months in a calendar year during the appeal period, provided that no compensation is received during such period of unemployment. (h) Any member in arrears for a period of two (2) months or more will be automatically suspended. The Treasurer shall report the suspension to the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall report all suspensions to the members at the next membership meeting. Any member under suspension who wishes to be reinstated shall, upon application, pay any dues and assessments in arrears. (i) A member can only be removed from membership or disciplined following an investigation and hearing on the matter after proper notice is given to the member. The member shall be allowed not less than thirty (30) days to answer charges of misconduct to be heard by the Local Union. Requests for removal or discipline may be made by any other member. Such request for removal or

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discipline must detail any alleged misconduct in writing and shall be based upon charges set forth in Article X of the AFSCME Constitution. (j) The matter shall be submitted to the member’s own local Stewards Council for investigation and hearing. (k) The member must be notified of the hearing and given the opportunity to be heard and to present a defense against the allegations. The duly called and conducted Stewards Council shall determine whether the allegations are without merit or whether they appear to be true and are sufficiently egregious to warrant the revocation of membership privileges or to impose discipline. The Chief Stewards of the region shall forward such findings immediately to the interested parties and to the Board of Directors. (l) Should the member wish to appeal the decision of the Stewards Council, they must submit such appeal in writing to the International AFSCME Judicial Panel within thirty (30) days of the final decision by the Stewards Council. Decisions of the Judicial Panel may be appealed to the Full Judicial Panel and thereafter to the AFSCME International Convention in accordance with Article X of the International Constitution. (m) Associate Membership: The Board of Directors may bestow or revoke associate membership status upon certain individuals who are not otherwise eligible for membership in the Local. Associate membership may be granted to those who have made significant contribution or impact on the mission of UEMSW or the provision of Emergency Medical Services and to others who wish to participate in or keep abreast of UEMSW’s activities. Associate members shall not be required to pay dues, shall not be eligible for office, and shall not have voting rights in the Local.

SECTION 4 – REGULAR & SPECIAL MEETINGS
a) The Union is committed to ensuring that all of its meetings and activities are safe environs in which members are free to speak their minds. Members are explicitly encouraged to express their opinions regardless of whether their opinions are shared by a majority of those present. The Union further expresses its firm commitment to abiding by Article 1 of the LMRDA, and shall never penalize members in any way, nor at any time, for exercising their right to free speech. b) Regular membership meetings shall be held at least twice annually, in the months of April and October. c) Special membership meetings of the Union may be required, and can be called by the President, by a majority of the members of the Board of Directors, or upon written request by no fewer than fifty (50) members. The President shall immediately advise all members when a special meeting is called, and ensure that all members receive at least seventy-two (72) hours’ notice of the special meeting and the subject(s) to be discussed at the meeting. No business shall be transacted at a special meeting other than that for which the meeting has been called, the subject matter disclosed, and proper notice given.

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d) The Union shall make provisions for the participation in meetings of those members who live outside the area where the main Union office is located. The Union shall utilize any available, practical, and appropriate communication technology (including, but not limited to, videoconferencing, teleconferencing, and/or internet resources) in order to maximize member participation. e) The minimum number of members required to be in attendance for the transaction of business at any regular or special membership meeting shall be no less than twice the number of members on the Board of Directors, plus one. f) The order of business at regular membership meetings is as follows: • Roll call of Officers • Reading of the Equality Statement • Reading and approval of minutes of previous meeting • Treasurer’s report and approving expenditures • Correspondence • Reports of committees and delegates • Nominations, Elections, or Oath of Office • Unfinished business • New business • Adjournment g) The guiding democratic principles of this Union necessitate the participation of Union members in as much Union business as possible. As such, regular Board of Directors meetings shall always permit and encourage member presence and participation. h) In cases where these Bylaws are to be amended or modified, or where temporary appointments to the Board of Directors are to be made, and in order to ensure that such weighty decisions are subject to maximum scrutiny, some decisions specified within the body of these Bylaws will be approved only by majority vote of the membership. Such situations are defined in the appropriate section(s) of these Bylaws. i) Regular Board of Directors meetings shall be held on the second Wednesday of every third month, in January, April, July, and October. When a statutory holiday or a situation beyond the control of the Union arises that causes the cancellation of a regular meeting, the Board of Directors shall reschedule the regular meeting and shall give members fourteen days’ notice of the date of the rescheduled meeting. The Board may, at its discretion, hold more than four (4) meetings annually, and shall publicize such meetings at least two (2) weeks in advance except in the case of those deemed special meetings, which may be called by the President or a majority of the Board of Directors with no fewer than three (3) days’ advance notice whenever a motion requiring a vote is to be proposed. Members shall be permitted and encouraged to attend. The subject matter of the meeting shall be disclosed when the meeting is noticed, and no business may be transacted other than that for which the meeting is called.

j)

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k) The Board of Directors shall meet privately only in the rare circumstance of a need to discuss performance matters relating to Union paid staff personnel and/or individual members’ employment-related disciplinary or harassment issues in which the persons involved have a reasonable expectation of or legal right to privacy. All other Union matters, without exception, shall be conducted in meetings open to the entire membership. l) A simple majority of the Board of Directors, inclusive of the existing total number of both Officers and Directors, shall constitute a quorum, provided that at least two (2) Officers are present.

m) Meetings of the Board of Directors that occur via telephone, video conferencing, or any other form of technology that allows for verbal communication shall be considered proper venues for voting on motions before the Board. In order to ensure that decisions be made only subsequent to open debate, no voting shall take place via email or in any other forum that precludes verbal discussion. n) Members shall have the right to access Board of Directors meeting minutes after they have been approved by the Board and within seven (7) business days of any written request to the Secretary of the Board of Directors. o) Should any member of the Board of Directors fail to answer the roll call for three (3) consecutive regular Board of Directors meetings without having submitted valid reasons for the absence(s), the office shall be declared vacant and shall be filled by an election as set out by Section 8(d) of these Bylaws.

SECTION 5 – OFFICERS, BOARD OF DIRECTORS & TRUSTEES
a) The Officers shall be the President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer. b) The Board of Directors shall include all Officers and Directors. The Board shall be the governing body of the Local Union except when meetings of the Local Union membership are in session. All matters affecting the policies, aims, and means of accomplishing the purposes of the Local not specifically provided for in this Constitution, or by action of the membership at a regular or special meeting, shall be decided by the Board of Directors. A report on all actions taken by the Board of Directors shall be made to the membership at the following meeting. c) The purpose of the Director position is to ensure equal representation of the varied interests of diverse geographical areas and work-sites, and to ensure the promotion of spirited debate generated by the inclusion of multiple voices. There shall be a minimum of five (5) Directors and a maximum of twenty (20). Directors shall be democratically elected in accordance with election procedures set out in Section 7 of these Bylaws. Each bargaining unit shall have a minimum of one Director on the Board. One additional Director shall be elected for each five hundred (500) members beyond the first 500 members in that bargaining unit. At such time that the number of Directors reaches the maximum number of twenty (20), the Board shall submit a Bylaws amendment to the membership to re-apportion directorships on a geographic basis.

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d) Directors shall not be compensated for their services to the UEMSW on either an hourly or salaried basis. Officers and Directors shall be reimbursed for expenses incurred in the course of business matters undertaken on behalf of UEMSW and/or shall be issued equipment or other items necessary for the performance of their duties to UEMSW as determined by the Board. Officers may receive a monthly stipend in an amount determined by the Board to be reasonable relative to time spent in their service as Officers. e) The Board of Directors shall be permitted to hire full-time or part-time staff based upon the needs of UEMSW in order to effectuate full and proper representation and support for the membership. The Board shall determine such staff positions, titles, compensation, and configurations. Officers may also serve as staff members; however, a Director must resign her or his position as Director prior to accepting a staff position. f) Union staff positions, including job descriptions, compensation, raises, benefits, and reimbursements shall be discussed only in the context of public meetings. Annual salaried and hourly staff compensation figures shall be made available to members at any time within 15 calendar days of receipt of written request to the Treasurer. The Board must be able to demonstrate reasonable industry standards for such staff position salaries, as excessive salaries would be unfair to the members of the UEMSW and could hinder the goals and objectives of the Union. Under no circumstances shall any salaried position for any Local Union employee exceed the base annual wages for a top-step paramedic (or equivalent job title) in units represented by the Local. g) All decisions related to the hiring, promotion, discipline, and termination of paid Union employees shall be taken solely via a vote of the Board of Directors. Any Union staff member whose performance is deemed by her or his direct supervisor to be unsatisfactory may be placed on leave by the President pending Board review. The Board shall review and decide on all such matters within two (2) weeks of the staff member’s placement on administrative leave. Such matters will be discussed in Executive Session to preserve the confidentiality of affected employees. h) The Board of Directors shall hold title to any real estate of the Union in trust for the Union. The Board shall have no right to sell, convey, or encumber any real estate without first giving notice and then submitting the proposal to a meeting of the membership for approval. i) In addition to the Officers and Directors, there shall be elected three (3) members who shall serve as trustees. Trustees will receive no compensation for their services.

SECTION 6 – DUTIES OF OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, & TRUSTEES
a. The President shall: 1) Utilize her or his vision, creativity, and leadership skills to inspire the membership. 2) Be the Chairperson of the Board of Directors. 3) Act as a public ambassador of the Union’s interests and commitments.

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4) Enforce these Union Bylaws and the Equality Statement. 5) Preside at all membership and Board of Directors meetings and preserve order (including appointing a Sergeant-At-Arms to fulfill such duty if requested by the Board). 6) Decide all points of order and procedure (subject always to appeal by the membership). 7) Break a tie in a vote of the Board of Directors. 8) Countersign all checks drawn against the funds of the Local. 9) Appoint all standing committees and all special committees of the Local, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. 10) On termination of office, surrender all books, seals, and other properties of the Union to her or his successor. 11) Report periodically to the membership regarding the progress and standing of the Local and regarding the President’s official acts. b) The Vice-President shall: 1) Utilize her or his vision, creativity, and leadership skills to inspire the membership. 2) Assist the President and all other Officers and staff in the performance of their duties on behalf of the Union as directed by the Board. 3) If the President is absent or unable, perform all duties of the President. 4) Preside over membership and Board of Directors meetings in the absence of the President. 5) If the office of the President falls vacant, be Acting President until a new President is elected. 6) Upon the approval of the Board of Directors, be authorized to act as a co-signer of checks drawn on the Local’s funds in place of either the President or the Treasurer. 7) On termination of office, surrender all books, seals, and other properties of the Union to her or his successor. c) The Secretary shall: 1) Utilize her or his vision, creativity, and leadership skills to inspire the membership. 2) Ensure that all members have access to adequate advance notice of upcoming membership meetings and meetings of the Board of Directors. 3) Keep full, accurate, and impartial account of the proceedings of all regular or special membership and Board of Directors meetings, or ensure that such accounting is kept in her or his absence. These records must also include a copy of the full financial report and the written financial report presented by the Treasurer. 4) Record all proposed amendments and/or additions in the Bylaws, and make certain that these are sent to the Bylaws Committee Chair, the members, and the AFSCME International President for approval. 5) Answer correspondence and fulfill other administrative duties as directed by the Board of Directors. 6) Keep a record of all correspondence received and sent out in capacity as Secretary. 7) Prepare and distribute all notices to members, or ensure that such tasks are completed by administrative staff.

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8) Have all records ready on reasonable notice for the Directors or auditors, including ensuring unencumbered access to approved Board of Directors meeting minutes to all Union members within seven (7) business days of any written request; add each meeting’s minutes to collected minutes of Board of Directors meetings no later than seven (7) business days following the meeting at which the minutes were approved. 9) Preside over membership and Board of Directors meetings in the absence of both the President and Vice-President. If the office of the Vice-President or Treasurer falls vacant, immediately fill the role as Acting Vice-President or Acting Treasurer until a new Vice-President or Treasurer is elected. 10) On termination of office, surrender all books, seals, and other properties of the Union to her or his successor. d) The Treasurer shall: 1) Utilize her or his vision, creativity, and leadership skills to inspire the membership. 2) Prepare and sign checks for such purposes as are required by the constitution or are authorized by the membership or the Board of Directors. 3) Ensure that per capita dues are forwarded to the International within the time limits specified in the AFSCME Constitution; manage any other applicable affiliation fees. 4) Receive and record all revenue, initiation fees, dues, and assessments, and deposit all monies promptly with a bank or credit union selected by the Board of Directors in cooperation with and in supervision over any Union staff member to whom such regular duties may be assigned. 5) Audit all accounts payable and ensure that the Union’s funds are used only as authorized or directed by the Union Bylaws, or by vote of the membership. 6) Be responsible for maintaining, organizing, safeguarding, and keeping on file all supporting documents, authorizations, invoices, and/or expense claims for every disbursement made, or ensure that such records are maintained by any Union staff who may be charged with keeping them. 7) Record all financial transactions in a manner acceptable to the Board of Directors and in accordance with good accounting practices. 8) Make a full financial report to each regular meeting of the Board of Directors and the membership, detailing all income and expenditures for the period. 9) Ensure that all Officers of the Union be bonded for at least ten (10) percent of annual Union revenue. Any Officer who cannot qualify for the bond shall be disqualified from office. 10) Make all books available for inspection by members and/or auditors on reasonable notice. 11) Ensure that the books are professionally audited at least once each calendar year and, within thirty (30) days, respond in writing to any recommendations and concerns raised by the members or auditors. 12) Provide the membership, or upon the request of any individual member in good standing, with the most recent annual financial report by no greater than ten (10) calendar days following receipt of the request. 13) Notify all members who are one month in arrears and report to the Board of Directors all members two (2) or more months in arrears in the payment of union dues, or see that such notification is carried out by Union administrative staff.

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14) If the Office of Secretary falls vacant, immediately fill the role of Acting Secretary until a new Secretary is elected. 15) On termination of office, surrender all books, records, and other properties of the Union to her or his successor. e) The Directors shall: 1) Submit in writing to the President and Treasurer any recommendations and/or concerns the Director(s) believe(s) should be reviewed in order to ensure that the Union’s funds, records, and accounts are being maintained by the Treasurer in an organized, correct, and proper manner. 2) Act as checks and balances to the Treasurer; be responsible for ensuring that monies have not been paid out without proper Bylaws or membership authorization. 3) Ensure that proper financial reports have been made available to the membership. 4) Bear primary responsibility for representing at meetings the specific interests of members in their individual areas such that each area, no matter how small, has an equal opportunity to contribute to the direction taken by the Union. f) The Trustees shall: 1) Make or cause to be made at least semi-annually an audit of the finances of the Local, including the finances concerning any health and welfare, pension, insurance, or other benefit programs covering members of such Local, and report to the membership on the results of such audit.

SECTION 7 – NOMINATION, ELECTION, AND INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS, DIRECTORS & TRUSTEES
a) Nominations i) Nominations procedures shall be determined by the Nominations Committee, which shall ensure that each member has the opportunity to submit nominations for all Officers, Directors, and Trustees. All nominations shall meet the requirements of Appendix D of the AFSCME Constitution.

ii) To be eligible for office, a member must be in good standing for one year immediately preceding the election. If a member is part of a newly organized unit and was not eligible for membership for the entire year preceding the election, that member is eligible for office as long as she or he has been in good standing since the inception of dues collection in that bargaining unit. No retired member shall be a candidate for office. For a member who is transferred or promoted into this Local from another AFSCME Local, this requirement shall be satisfied if such member’s combined membership in good standing in both Locals is one year at the time of election. iii) Members may nominate themselves. A member may accept nomination for a position while holding office in any position. If successful in the election, their resignation from their current position will take effect on the start date of the newly elected post.

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iv) One member shall not be permitted to fill multiple posts. b) Elections i) An election for all initial Officers, Directors, and Trustees shall occur within six months of the NLRB’s certification of UEMSW’s first Bargaining Unit.

ii) Following the initial election of Officers, Directors, and Trustees, Election Day shall take place in April of each even-numbered year, beginning in 2014. All elections shall meet the requirements of Appendix D of the AFSCME Constitution. No office shall be permitted to be filled for more than two (2) years without holding an election. iii) Officers and Trustees shall be nominated and elected by the membership-atlarge. iv) The Directors shall be nominated and elected by the members within each bargaining unit. v) At the Board of Directors meeting in January of each election year, the President shall, subject to the approval of a majority of the Board of Directors, appoint an Elections Committee consisting of an Elections Officer and 2-4 assistants. The Committee will include members of the Union who are neither Officers, nor Directors, nor Trustees, nor candidates for office. Should a member of the Committee decide, after her or his appointment, to run for office, the resulting position will remain unfilled provided that at least three (3) members, including the Elections Officer, remain to perform the Committee’s duties. Should the Elections Officer decide to accept a nomination, the President, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors, shall select a new Elections Officer from among the remaining members of the Elections Committee. In the event that fewer than three (3) people remain, the necessary posts will be filled as set out above in this Subsection. vi) The Elections Committee shall bear full responsibility for making voting arrangements, and shall treat information submitted to it in connection with its responsibilities as confidential. The Committee shall be responsible for confirming the eligibility of nominees, and shall approve ballot forms by majority vote prior to seeing that they are mailed. vii) The Elections Officer must be fair and impartial and see that all arrangements are unquestionably democratic. The Elections Officer will be responsible for arranging for the issuing of ballots by mail, and for contracting (in conjunction with the President and Treasurer) with a neutral third party, who shall be solely responsible for receiving mailed ballots and for counting and recording them at a membership meeting held for that purpose. Votes shall, without exception, be counted at the April public membership meeting. viii) Results of elections shall be posted publicly and on the Internet immediately following the vote count and shall be made available to any member upon request. Elections results shall be considered valid unless a protest is made in accordance with Section 7(b)(xii).

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ix) The voting shall take place by mail. The vote shall be taken solely by secret ballot. Members shall first place their ballots in sealed, unmarked envelopes and then place that first envelope in another envelope (addressed to the neutral third party receiving the ballots), upon which they shall place both their signature and legible printed name across the flap. Members shall use the ballots and envelopes provided by the Union for that purpose. Mail ballots shall not be counted fewer than twenty days subsequent to their issuance or deposit into the mail for delivery. x) Any candidate may request a recount of the votes in the event that the margin of victory for the position for which he/she is a candidate is 10% or less. xi) Ballots shall be retained by the Union for a minimum of one (1) year after all protests and related appeals have been resolved. xii) Any member taking issue with the outcome or conduct of an election shall present to the Elections Committee a written statement detailing the nature of her or his complaint within 10 calendar days of the posting of the results. The Elections Committee will review the election and the timely complaint within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the vote count. If the matter is not resolved to the satisfaction of the member(s) candidate(s) bringing the complaint, such persons may bring the matter, in writing, for consideration before the Board of the AFSCME Judicial Panel within ten (10) days of the Committee’s decision. c) Installation i) All duly elected Officers, Directors, and Trustees shall be installed immediately and shall continue in office until a successor has been elected and installed. No term of office shall be longer than two (2) years; however, there shall be no limit to the number of terms that any Officer, Director, or Trustee may serve.

ii) The Oath of Office to be read aloud by the newly-elected Officers is: “I, ____________________________, do sincerely promise that I will truly and faithfully, to the best of my ability, and without engaging in fraud, bias, or other unethical Shenanigans, perform the duties of my office for the ensuing term, as prescribed in the Bylaws of United EMS Workers Local 4911 and the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees. As an Officer of this Union, I will at all times endeavor, both by counsel and example, to promote the harmony and preserve the dignity of its sessions. I further promise that at the close of my official term, I will promptly deliver all monies, books, papers, or other property of this Union in my possession to my elected successor.” d) Vacancies i) Should any Officer position fall vacant, it shall first be filled as set out in Section 6 of these Bylaws and then as set out below in Section 7(d)(ii). Should a Director or Trustee position fall vacant for any reason, the resulting vacancy shall also be filled as set out below in Section 7(d)(ii).

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ii) Any vacant Officer, Director, or Trustee position shall, at the earliest practical date, be filled by nomination at a properly noticed membership meeting convened for that purpose. The position will be filled by a majority vote (including second and subsequent votes in the event that no single nominated candidate receives a majority of the votes) of those members present at the meeting who are eligible to vote for the vacant position. iii) Any meeting at which the filling of a vacancy is on the table for consideration shall allow ample time for member participation in the debate. iv) Under no circumstances will any newly created position on the Board of Directors be filled via appointment. All newly created positions shall be filled exclusively via nomination and election by the affected members.

SECTION 8 – SHOP STEWARDS
Stewards are the worksite leaders of the Union. A strong, democratic, and effective union is built on a solid foundation of stewards at each worksite. The responsibilities and roles of a steward are defined by these Bylaws, by Union policies and procedures, and by the provisions of the Collective Bargaining Agreements that are negotiated with employers. The diversity and complexity of the Union only allows for a general description of the steward’s roles and responsibilities in these Bylaws. The Board of Directors shall set policies as necessary on all matters relating to stewards, except with regard to provisions outlined in this Section (8) of these Bylaws. A steward has no greater rights than any of the members in her/his area. However, the responsibilities of a steward do outweigh those of other members. Being a steward requires that personal opinions and preferences remain subordinate to those that represent the highest good to a steward’s members. Stewards shall serve without compensation; however, based on the financial ability of the Union, the Board of Directors shall consider and establish guidelines and policies regarding reimbursement for lost time wages, out-of-pocket expenses, or other expenses necessary for the performance of a steward’s duties. The responsibilities of a steward shall include, but are not limited to: • • • • • • • • • • Mobilizing members to action. Supporting the Union’s efforts to process grievances and resolve worksite issues; Orienting new workers to the Union; Maintaining the Union’s internal organization at the worksite; Completing steward training and any other required training; Participating in the grievance appeal process as appropriate; Distributing and posting all appropriate information she/he receives from the Union and updating the union bulletin board as requested or needed; Representing her/his worksite in appropriate meetings of the Union and representing the interests of the members in their absence; Attending facility, worksite, regional, and other appropriate meetings; Effectively leading members to defend and advance the interests of the membership; and

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Carrying herself or himself honorably so as to lead members by example.

Chief Stewards shall be responsible for leading the steward body, for organizing and maintaining records of discipline and grievances, and for interfacing with management and the Union on behalf of their memberships. Assistant Chief Stewards shall assist the Chief Steward in this capacity, and shall act as Chief Steward should the Chief request such action or be unable to perform her or his duties. a) Shop Steward Elections i) Shop steward elections to add new stewards to the existing steward group will be held at least twice per year. In new bargaining units, the members shall be given an opportunity to elect their stewards within thirty (30) days of becoming a certified bargaining unit of the Union. Within each respective bargaining unit, members of individual shops shall select their own stewards.

ii) A Shop Stewards Election Chairperson shall be selected from within a worksite or operations by a majority vote of its current members (the first of such votes to be organized by the Union and thereafter, by the existing Shop Stewards). The Election Chairperson shall solicit nominations during a nomination period of no less than one week, which time period shall be widely publicized to the members in that county or worksite. After the nomination period, the Chairperson will collect and forward all received nominations to the Board of Directors prior to organizing and running the election. Under no circumstances shall such Chairperson be a current steward or have submitted their own nomination for stewardship. iii) Elections will be organized by the Shop Stewards Election Chairperson, and will be conducted by secret ballot at a local membership meeting(s) or at each work operations area. Voting will be publicized with at least 10 days’ notice. In the case of elections conducted in person, a minimum of three (3) election periods, on different shifts and of at least two (2) hours’ duration, will be held in order for members to vote. iv) Regardless of whether voting occurs in a meeting or at work sites, ballots will be submitted by members in envelopes marked over the back flap with the member’s signature and legibly printed name. Ballots and envelopes shall only be provided to verified members who are not in a suspended status. Under no circumstances shall voting occur electronically. All ballots submitted in envelopes shall be crosschecked against a current membership list to ensure that no member votes more than once. v) Ballots will be counted by the Shop Steward Elections Chairperson at a preannounced public venue. All members are encouraged to attend and witness the count. Envelopes shall not be opened nor ballots counted unless a minimum of three (3) members (other than the Elections Chairperson) is present. All members present shall sign a witness statement attesting to the validity of the count. Ballots shall be retained by the Elections Chairperson and submitted to the Board of Directors for review and storage within fourteen (14) days of the election.

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vi) Stewards shall be elected by a simple majority vote of all votes tallied. Candidates shall be placed on the ballot with a space to mark “approve.” Members shall place a mark of approval next to every single candidate of whom they approve. If a member does not wish to approve a candidate, they shall leave the space blank. Only members who receive a majority of the total votes cast shall be approved. Candidates who receive less than a majority of the total number of votes cast shall not be approved. These instructions shall be clearly explained on the ballot sheet provided to each member at the time of the vote. vii) There shall be no limit to the number of stewards permitted in any area operations. viii) Continuing stewards shall be required to stand for reconfirmation every two (2) years. A vote to remove an existing steward shall only be valid if 10% of the members in that steward’s operations have participated in the election. ix) Chief Stewards and Assistant Chief Stewards shall be selected by a majority vote of the stewards in their operations. There shall be no minimum steward experience requirement in order to stand for Chief or Assistant Chief. Elections for Chief Steward and Assistant Chief Stewards shall be held no less than once every two (2) years. There is no limit to how long a member may serve as Chief Steward or Assistant Chief Steward, provided that said member is reconfirmed as a steward in accordance with these Bylaws. b) Shop Steward Governance Procedures i) There shall be no prohibition against consensus-driven boards of Co-Chief Stewards approved by the local stewards, provided that such boards do not exceed three (3) Chief Stewards in number and that they equally divide the Chief Steward workload.

ii) The collective group of area stewards designated for a particular region shall be that area’s Stewards Council. Stewards Councils shall be gathered at any time necessary by the request of two (2) or more stewards for the purpose of discussing and/or determining any matter of importance. The Chief Steward(s) shall organize Stewards Councils within at least two days but no greater than ten days following the date of the request. iii) Stewards Councils shall be designated by geographic area and single bargaining units shall be permitted multiple Stewards Councils as practical and necessary, upon the approval of the Board of Directors. iv) Chief Stewards, Assistants Chief Stewards, and stewards can be removed only by a vote of no confidence on the part of the same member-group by whom they were elected. A vote to remove a steward shall be undertaken following submission of a petition requesting such recall that is signed by at least 30% of the members in that steward’s operations. The vote shall be subject to the same election guidelines as the regular steward election.

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v) Any vote to remove a Chief or Assistant Chief Steward, should the stewards wish to remove said person from Chief or Assistant Chief Steward position, shall be conducted by a majority vote of current stewards. The stewards must permit a removed Chief or Assistant Chief Steward to continue to serve in the capacity of steward unless the rest of the Chief or Assistant Chief Steward’s members have removed her or him via a vote of no confidence as set out in this Subsection. Should a Chief or Assistant Chief be removed from such position, proper notice will be given to the entire steward group prior to any election held for the purpose of filling the position. vi) Under no circumstance shall any person in the Union - other than the members who elected a particular steward, Chief Steward, or Assistant Chief Steward have the power to remove that person from their position as steward. However, a steward, Chief Steward, or Assistant Chief Steward accused of serious misconduct can be placed on leave by the Board of Directors pending the outcome of an investigation by the local Stewards Council in conjunction with the Board of Directors. Any such investigation shall be conducted and completed within thirty (30) days of the date that it was brought to the attention of the Board of Directors.

SECTION 9 – USE OF UNION FUNDS
a) Board authorization to pay per capita tax to AFSCME, or any labor organization the Union is affiliated with, is not required. In the case of a grant or a contribution to a cause(s) outside of AFSCME greater than $500, a motion to approve must be supported by a majority of the members at a membership meeting or 2/3 of the members of the Board of Directors before the grant or contribution can be paid. b) No member of UEMSW will be allowed to spend any Union funds without first having received authorization from the Board or through a vote of the majority of members present at a membership meeting. c) The Union shall endeavor, whenever possible, to spend Union funds with union shops when contracting for services including, but not limited to, tradespeople and craftspeople, hotels and hospitality, means of travel, printing, service providers, etc. d) No reimbursements shall be made without prior authorization and without the proper documentation or receipts.

SECTION 10 – CHILD CARE, DEPENDENT CARE, AND ELDER CARE
UEMSW recognizes that caring for children, dependents, and/or the elderly can be a barrier to actively participating in the Union or to attending membership meetings. Whenever practicable and financially prudent, the Board of Directors shall consider the adoption of policies designed to minimize those barriers and increase member participation.

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SECTION 11 – DELEGATES TO CONFERENCES, CONVENTIONS & EDUCATIONAL EVENTS
a) All delegates to conventions, conferences, and programs shall be chosen by election at membership meetings. From among these delegates, the President shall appoint a member responsible for reporting back to the Union membership. The member appointed shall present and submit a written report at the following membership meeting. b) All delegates attending Board of Directors-approved conventions, conferences, or educational programs held more than one hundred (100) miles from their home shall be paid transportation expenses (at economy, tourist, or coach rates) as determined by the Treasurer, and a per diem allowance of fifty (50) dollars for meals and expenses. c) Delegates to conventions, conferences, and educational programs held within one hundred (100) miles from the member’s home shall have no travel allowance. There shall be a per diem allowance of twenty-five (25) dollars for meals and expenses incurred by attendance at the convention, conference or educational program. The Union will, subject to Board of Directors approval, reimburse members for lost wages associated with their service as delegates. d) UEMSW encourages the participation of people of color, women, and all equityseeking groups in their delegations to conventions, conferences, and educational programs.

SECTION 12 – COMMITTEES
a) Special Committees: A special committee may be established for a specified purpose and a specified period of time by the Board of Directors or by the membership at a membership meeting. The members shall be elected at a membership meeting, and may be appointed by the President, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. b) Permanent Committees: i) Arbitration Committee This committee shall consist of the Chief Stewards from each bargaining unit. There shall be as many Arbitration Committees as are determined by the Board of Directors to be needed, given the geographic distribution of the Union’s membership at any given time. Arbitration Committee meetings shall occur at least once quarterly. The role of the Arbitration Committee shall be: • • Oversee local stewards’ handling of all local arbitrations. Prepare a report, with attentiveness to involved persons’ desire for confidentiality, on the status of all arbitrations to be submitted to the Board of Directors and the members.

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• •

If the committee’s decision is to not proceed with arbitration, the grievant may appeal the decision to the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may not reverse the decision of the Arbitration Committee to proceed to arbitration; it can only reverse the decision not to proceed to arbitration. However, financial or other restrictions may be considered in regard to continuing a matter to arbitration if presented and agreed to at a duly called Board/membership meeting. It shall be the responsibility of the local steward handling the grievance in question to appropriately prepare the grievant to bring their case before the Committee.

ii) Education Committee This committee will: • Gather information about appropriate courses and the availability of such courses, and make recommendations to the Union on whether or not members should be attending. • Assist delegates in the preparation of reports to the membership on seminars and conferences, and maintain a reference file of these reports. The Committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors. iii) Women’s Committee This committee will: • • • Advise and give guidance to the Board, Committee Members, and the general membership on all issues that affect women in the workplace and the union movement. Promote leadership of women at the Local Union level and in the broader labor movement. Increase and support the active participation of women in the Union and the broader labor movement. Strive to eliminate gender discrimination in the workplace, Union, broader labor movement, and society through education and participation in human rights activities both in and outside of the labor movement.

The Committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors iv) Committee Against Racism and Discrimination (CARD) This committee will: • Advise and give guidance to the Board, Committee Members, and the general membership on issues that affect equity-seeking groups, including workers of color, LGBTQI (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transsexual, Questioning, and Intersex) workers, and differently-abled workers in the workplace and the union movement.

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• •

Promote leadership of equity-seeking workers at the Union level and in the broader labor movement. Increase and support the active participation of equity-seeking workers in the Union and the broader labor movement. Strive to eliminate racism and discrimination in the workplace, Union, broader labor movement, and society through education and participation in human rights and anti-racism activities both in and outside of the labor movement.

The Committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors. v) Bylaws Committee This committee will: • • • Review the Bylaws annually and make recommendations to the Board of Directors on proposed amendments. Review any proposed amendments received from the Board of Directors or membership of the Union to ensure that the amendment will conform to the remainder of the Bylaws and the AFSCME Constitution. Ensure that proposed amendments submitted by members and the Board of Directors are written in clear language, without change to the proposed meaning or intent.

The Committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors. vi) Membership Support Committee This committee will: • Arrange for Union members to visit other members who are ill or injured. If a member is ill or out of work due to injury for more than a week, arrange some token of the Union’s concern and desire to help, whether the member is at home or in the hospital. Extend the Union’s condolences in the event of the death of a member or one of their immediate family, and make other appropriate gestures in accordance with custom or the wishes of the family concerned.

The Committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors.

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vii) Social Committee This committee will: • • • Arrange and conduct all social, cultural, and recreational activities of the Union, either on the committee’s own initiative or as a result of decisions taken at membership meetings. Submit reports and proposals to the Board of Directors or to the membership as required. Utilize a budget fixed annually by the membership. (Other than that budget, all social, cultural, and recreational events and activities shall be self-supporting.)

The committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors. viii) Local Subcommittee of AFSCME PEOPLE (Public Employees Organized To Promote Legislative Equality) The committee(s) shall assist the Board of Directors in developing and carrying out a sound political and legislative program. Typical responsibilities include but are not limited to: • • • • • Interviewing candidates for political office; Reviewing requests for campaign contributions for endorsed candidates; Developing fund raising and other support activities or events; Voter registration programs and “Get Out The Vote” activities; Reviewing and monitoring legislation of interest to the Union’s members and making recommendations to the Board of Directors on the Union’s position.

The committee members will be elected by the membership and appointed by the Local’s president, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors. The Committee Chairperson shall be selected by the Board of Directors.

SECTION 13 – COMPLAINTS & TRIALS
All charges against members, Officers, Directors, and Trustees must be made in writing and dealt with in accordance with Article X of the AFSCME Constitution and Section 4(o) of these Bylaws.

SECTION 14 – REMOVAL OF OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, & TRUSTEES
Removal of Officers and Directors shall be effectuated according to Articles IX and X of the AFSCME Constitution.

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SECTION 15 – COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Collective bargaining is an important activity of the Union. Our purpose is to negotiate binding contracts that secure and improve the wages, hours, benefits, and working conditions of members covered by those agreements. A Collective Bargaining Agreement also creates a framework of rules that is binding on the employer, and has a grievance procedure for dispute resolution if a question arises as to the meaning of the Contract or its application. Collective bargaining is intended to involve members directly and actively in determining their wages, hours, and working conditions. We achieve success in collective bargaining through organization, united action, legislative and political activity, and the use of creative strategies and tactics. As such: a) The right of employees to engage in collective bargaining is a matter of national policy contained in the National Labor Relations Act. Section 7 of the Act states: “Employees shall have the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargaining collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.” b) At least thirty (30) days prior to the commencement of bargaining, the members of each respective shop in the affected bargaining unit shall select Bargaining Committee members at a duly called meeting for that purpose. The Stewards Council within a given bargaining unit shall have previously determined the number of Bargaining Committee members. c) The results of any tentative agreement reached at the conclusion of a collective bargaining session or sessions must be supported by a majority of the entire Bargaining Committee and shall be subject to ratification by the members affected, with sufficient notice given to the membership and in accordance with other policies and procedures as determined by the Bargaining Committee and approved by the Board of Directors of the Union. This provision shall extend to contract extensions, interim agreements, and any other contractual agreement or memorandum that affects the members of the bargaining unit. Any such agreements shall not be effective until ratified by the affected membership in accordance with this provision. d) The Board of Directors shall establish policies regarding the reimbursement of lost time wages and out of pocket expenses incurred by any members of a Bargaining Committee.

SECTION 16 – RULES OF ORDER
All meetings of the Union will be conducted in accordance with the basic principles of decorum and respect. While the expression of dissenting opinions is strongly encouraged, attendees who personally accost other members with abusive or violent language will forfeit their right to participate in that meeting. Officers, Directors, and members shall refrain from interrupting others while they are speaking. Speakers shall remain mindful of the need to allow time for all to voice their views. In the event of discord, Robert’s Rules of Order, Newly Revised shall be the final adjudicator of meeting procedure.

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SECTION 17 – AMENDMENTS AND MODIFICATIONS TO BYLAWS
These Bylaws are subject to ratification by UEMSW’s first bargaining unit or units. a) These Bylaws are always subordinate to the AFSCME Constitution as it now exists or may be amended from time to time. In the event of conflict between these Bylaws and the AFSCME Constitution wherein these Bylaws are less specific than the AFSCME Constitution, the latter shall govern. The International President of AFSCME has the sole authority to interpret the AFSCME Constitution. b) These Bylaws may only be amended, revised, or otherwise changed by a majority vote of the members voting on such proposed change. Such change shall take effect only upon written approval of the International President. Proposed amendments to this Constitution must be made at a regular or special meeting of the Local Union and read and voted on at a subsequent meeting of the Local Union, adequate and proper notice having been given to the membership prior to the date on which the vote is taken. A written copy of the proposed amendment shall be furnished to every eligible voter at the meeting at which the vote is taken. c) Any proposed amendment(s) to these Bylaws shall be submitted in writing to the Board of Directors for consideration and recommendation. Should two-thirds (2/3) of the Board of Directors fail to support taking a member’s proposed amendment(s) to a vote of the membership, no vote will be scheduled on the proposed amendment(s) unless subsequently a petition supporting the proposed amendment(s) is signed by at least twenty-five percent (25%) of the members in good standing of the Union and is submitted to the Board of Directors. d) The Board of Directors may propose an amendment or amendments to these Bylaws at any time provided two-thirds (2/3) of the Board supports the amendment. Board proposals remain subject to membership approval as set out in Section 17(b) above. e) Whenever the Board of Directors reports upon any amendment(s) to these Bylaws proposed by members or initiated by the Board of Directors, the Union shall make a written notice to all members and a vote shall take place within no greater than one hundred eighty (180) days from the date of said report. When a notice is sent, all forms of written media communication can and may be used, provided they are reasonably certain to reach all members. f) In order to avoid unnecessary expenditure of union funds, all efforts will be made to send paper ballots regarding Bylaws Amendments at the same time as the paper ballots used for Director/Officer elections. Otherwise, the Board of Directors shall arrange for the vote to take place at a special membership meeting planned for that purpose.

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SECTION 18 – PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF BYLAWS
Members will always have access to UEMSW Local 4911 Bylaws at the Union web site (www.uemsw.org). Members who request a paper copy of these Bylaws will be provided a copy within five (5) business days; however, members are encouraged to accept electronic copies whenever possible in order to conserve natural resources. Members with special needs may request a copy of the Bylaws in larger font as needed based upon disability.

Appendix “A” - EQUALITY STATEMENT
Union solidarity is based on the principle that union members are equal and deserve mutual respect at all levels. Any behavior that creates conflict prevents us from working together to strengthen our union. As unionists, we are guided by our common goals of mutual respect, cooperation, and understanding. We should neither condone nor tolerate behavior that undermines the dignity or self-esteem of any individual or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment. Discriminatory speech or conduct that is racist, sexist, transphobic, or homophobic hurts us and thereby divides us. So, too, does discrimination on the basis of ability, age, class, religion, political affiliation, and ethnic origin. Sometimes discrimination takes the form of harassment. Harassment means using real or perceived power to abuse, devalue, or humiliate. Harassment should not be treated as a joke. The uneasiness and resentment that it creates are not feelings that help us grow as a union. Discrimination and harassment focus on characteristics that make us different; and they reduce our capacity to work together on shared concerns such as decent wages, safe working conditions, and justice in the workplace, society and in our union. UMESW Local 4911’s policies and practices must reflect our commitment to equality. Members, staff, and elected Officers promise to remain mindful that all sisters and brothers deserve dignity, equality, and respect.

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