The Legend of Makahiya

A myth submitted to the site by Zinnia Marniel Bendayon Philippines

Long time ago, there was a couple in Barangay Masagana (Pampanga today) who wanted a daughter. Their wish was granted and the wife gave birth to a baby girl. They called her Maria. Maria was very beautiful but very shy that she wouldn't go out from their house. Weeks later, Spaniards came to their town. The Spaniards were very cruel that they get everything they wanted. They rob houses and kill everyone who gets in their way and who refuses to give what they wanted. The couple was very frightened to lose their daughter so, they hid Maria in the bushes so the Spaniards couldn't find her. After the Spaniards left their town, the couple tried to look for Maria but they couldn't find her even in the bushes where they hid her, instead they found a little plant that is very sensitive that when you touch it, it would immediately close. So they thought it was their daughter, Maria. They called the plant "Makahiya" that means "touch me not," like their daughter who was very shy.

FOLK TALES made up of stories about life, adventure, love, horror and humor where onecanderive lessons about life. These are useful to us because they help usappreciate our environment, evaluate our personalities and improve our perspectives in life. Example:

THE MOON AND THE SUN(Tingguian folk tale)
In the olden days, like the moon, the sun had also star children which were yellowish incolor, very bright and very hot. He star children of the moon, however, were reddish and cool.That moon was scared hat his stars would wither and die if they play with the star children of thesun. The moon suggested to the sun that they kill their children who were crowding the heavenswith their number.When the sun had killed her children, the moon merely hid behind the clouds. In theevening, when the clouds faded, the moon stars appeared. This angered the sun so he gave chaseto the moon. Thus when he overtakes the moon, we have the so-called eclipse. Every morning,the kills the moon stars that he catches.Until now, this chase continues and because the moon still continues to give birth to stars,these moon stars are still aroun

many have drowned there.Kay pagkasawing palad ng lanak sa hirap. ay mayruong ahas. "Although beauty may be skin deep.Mabuhay ng mapanatag.KUNDIMAN(Awit ng Pag-ibig Songs of Love) Noong unang panahon nung ako ay bata pa.Examples: . ANG DALIT O IMNO(Song to the God Of the Visayans) Puamanaog-pumanaogSi MansilatanSaka si Badla ay bababa. pangit pa sa tingin.Upang tayong mga anak.Examples: May tainga ang lupa. uling mo muna ang iyong pahirin. Ang umaayaw ay di nagwawagi. these are like allegoriesor parables that impart lessons for the young.Ang bisig hindi iunatDi kumita ng pilak.Ako ay mahirap. Bago ka bumati ng sa ibang uling.Tila sa Wari ko y may pagbabanta pa. Nang ako ay lumaki at maging dalaga.Pagligiran ng mga Baylan. Natisod mo na ay di pa alintana.Pasayawin ang mga Baylan.DIANA(Wedding Song)Umawit tayo at ipagdiwangAng dalawang pusong ngayon ay ikakasalAng daraanan nilang landasSabuyan natin ng bigas SOLIRANING(Song of the Laborer) Hala gaod tayo.Pinuhunang buhay. KUMINTANG O TAGUMPAY(War song) Ang nuno nating lahatSa kulog di nasisindak. pagod ay tiisinAng lahat ng hirap pag-aralang bathinKahit malayo man." RIDDLES (Bugtong or Palaisipan)These are made up of one or more measured lines with rhyme and may consist of 4 to 12 syllabes. ang nagwawagi ay di umaayaw. may pakpak ang balita. EPIGRAMS (Salawikain)these have been customarily used and served as laws or rules ongood behavior by our ancestors. To others. Kahit saang gubat. Walang lumura sa langit na di sa kanyang mukha nagbalik.Pagsinta mo sa akin ay di ko tatanggapinPagka t akong ito ay alangan sa tingin. hirap. ANG OYAYI O HELE(Lullaby) Matulog ka na bunsoAng tatay mo ay malayoHindi nya tayo masundoPagkat ang daa y maputik at mabalaho. kung ating ibigin.Daig ang malapit na ayaw lakbayin.Mamimigay ng olakas.Sa labanan di naaawat.

masarap kung kainin. May tubig. (ulan) Nagsaing si Hudas. kulay ginto. (niyog) Buhok ni Adan. (saging) May langit. hindi mabilang. mabango kung amuyin. kinuha ang tubig itinapon ang bigas. itinapon ang lampin. (gata ng niyog) . may lupa. (mangga) Nanganak ang birhen.Hiyas na puso. walang isda.

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