SUMMER TRAINING PROJECT REPORT ON

“EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY”
AT VERKA MILK PLANT MOHALI (PB)

SUBMITTED TO PUNJABI UNIVERSITY, PATIALA

IN THE PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT OF AWARD OF DEGREE OF “BECHELORS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION” (B.B.A) SUBMITTED BY: Robin Puri UNIV.ROLL NO. PROJECT GUIDE: Miss Jaspreet Kaur (LECTURER IN MANAGEMENT)

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STUDENT DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the project report entitled, ''Employee Health And Safety” at Verka Milk Plant, mohali submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelors of Business Administration to Mata Gujri College, Fatehgarh Sahib is my original work and not submitted for the award of other degree, diploma, fellowship, or any other similar title or prize.

Place: Mohali

Robin Puri

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
If words are considered as a symbol of approval and token of appreciation then let the words play the heralding role of expressing my gratitude. I am greatly indebted to Mr. K.G. Sharma, General Manager for giving me the opportunity to undertake the training in “Verka”. Words can never express my feelings towards Mr. Pyara Singh, Mr. Pawan Kumar for their help for directing and encouraging me throughout the training. I am greatly obliged to our HOD Dr. Kashmir Singh and all the lecturers of BBA department for their guidance which helped me a lot for completing my Project Report and those who directly and indirectly helped me to do my project work successfully. I would like incomplete without expressing whole hearted thanks to all my friends who have been the constant resource of encouragement and support throughout this project. Above all it is the grace of God which has led and blessed me all the way in my life to make this work a fruitful one.

Robin Puri

PREFACE
The main purpose of summer training is to supplement the theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge. This report is an endeavor to assimilate and put towards all the knowledge and experience that I have got during the training period in Verka milk plant India Limited (Mohali factory). An employ spends about 8 hours at the place of work during any working day. He must be provided with such types of facilities which will maintain his health and keep him interested in his work. It is the responsibility of every management to ensure workers health and safety. Healthy working conditions and industrial safety are directly related to the efficiency of the worker that is why I have chosen this topic for the summer training. The research during the summer training is going to play a very important role in developing self-confidence for my future. The knowledge gained from the training done in Verka India Limited (Mohali factory) is a lifetime experience that I will treasure forever. I have described the Health & Safety provisions in Verka Milk Plant Limited (Mohali factory) in this summer training report. This training paves the way to know about the detailed overview of how important healthy & safe working conditions are for a company as well as for the employees and the provisions of factory act (1948).

4 Introduction to the Project Company Profile Scope of Project Objective Research Methodology Research Design Sampling Sample size Sampling techniques Limitation Finding & Conclusion Suggestion & Recommendation Page no.TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter no.1 Chapter no.2 Chapter no.5 Chapter no.6 Bibliography Annexure . Chapter no.3 Chapter no.

Sufficient spittoons should be provided at convenient places and should be kept hygienic. 3) TEMPERATURE AND VENTILATION: The employees must be provided tolerable temperature if they are to work efficiently. properly cleaned and disinfected. 2) LIGHTING: Good lighting can facilitate higher production.Chapter no. Some of the conditions surrounding a worker as he does his job and affecting his physical well being and thus his efficiency are as under: 1) CLEANLINESS 2) LIGHTING 3) TEMPERATURE AND VENTILATION 4) FREEDOM FROM NOISE 5) DUST 6) WORKING SPACE AND SEATING ARRANGEMENT 1) CLEANLINESS: It is essential for health. eye damage will occur. passage and stair-cases. The efficiency of workers directly depends on his ability to see the objects accurately and quickly. Thus. It is essential to the health. safety. accident and spoilage of material will increase and production will slow down. and efficiency of workers. Without proper lighting. lighting must be adequate and free from defects. Their efficiency is .1 INTORDUCTION EMPLOYEE HEALTH & SAFETY PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OR HEALTHY WORKING CONDITIONS It is essential to ensure favorable working conditions so that the workers can perform their tasks without experiencing physical or mental strain. Dust should be removed daily from all rooms.

it affects the health of the employees adversely. running of machines. and glass panes can be used to prevent the external noise from entering the premises. It is source of distribution to the employees and does not allow them to work with concentration. windows. When dust enters the factory. clerks. Therefore. tools and equipments for their free and unhindered movement from one machine or process to another. Dust also reduces the life of various machines and equipments. the ratio of dust in the atmosphere is quite high. Steps should be taken to ensure flow of fresh air having right temperature and humidity. 4) FREEDOM FROM NOISE: Noise may be defined as an unwanted sound in or outside the factory. This will reduce their efficiency. movement of workers. It enters through doors. . internal and external. Dust should be cleaned quite regularly because it not only pollutes the environment but also has an adverse impact on the intensity of light. Internal noise is caused by conversation. It may be difficult to check entry of dust into the factory. 5) DUST: In certain areas or regions. namely. If the ventilation arrangement is not provided. There are two types of noise. The external noise cannot be eliminated. materials. External noise comes from outside the factory premises. peons and visitors through corridors. and ventilators. There should also be enough seating arrangement for the workers. But sound proof walls. Internal noise can be controlled more easily as compared to external noise. double doors. Noise is also created by incoming and outgoing telephone calls. 6) WORKING SPACE AND SEATING ARRANGEMENT: Adequate space should be provided for workers. Therefore it is essential to check the entry of dust into the factory premises. the air will become stale and the employees will feel tired and sleepy.bound to suffer if the temperature of the work place is either too high or too low. Proper ventilation is necessary to ensure the circulation of fresh air and remove congestion in the plant. Electric fans circulate fresh air and exhaust fans expel the stale air. it is essential to keep noise under control. It has an adverse effect on the minds of employee’s staff and tells upon their efficiency.

It is the king of Punjab Region as far as Milk Procurement is concerned. The Roper district co-operative milk produces union was established in the year of 1980. Parkash Singh Badal.00 lacs liters per day on an average and that is why huge amount of Milk production has become its core competency. S. Ludhiana was laid by Hon. Its daily Milk production is around 2. 3. 5. . HISTORY OF VERKA The company has been well known by its brand name "VERKA" especially In Punjab and Haryana. The system was run by the farmers and for the farmers. 2. Chandigarh Milk Plant was set up in year 1961-1962 to meet the milk initially. then the chief minister of Punjab in 1970. Indira Gandhi then the Prime Minister of India. Commissioning of the plant was done by Punjab Dairy Development Corporation in 1974.COMPANY PROFILE Verka is Co-Operative Company and is former oriented autonomous or organization based on Co-Operative pattern. It produces many daily products. 6. which is adjoining to Chandigarh. "MILKFED" is a group of Milk Union established under operation flood program as the implementing agency by the government of Roper and metropolis Chandigarh. Village level cooperative societies were also formed on “Anand Pattern”. of the state was setup at Verka near Amritsar. 4. First Milk Plant. The foundation stone of milk plant. The first Verka milk plant established in Punjab 1. The brand name of milk and milk products was adopted as Verka. Inauguration was done by Late Smt. But it was not able to fulfil the growing requirements of Chandigarh City. Due to this reason another plant set up in September 1980 at Mohali (Punjab). HISTORY AND PRESENT POSITION OF VERKA A.

Mohali (Punjab). Jhinjri and Nurpur.S Nagar. LASSI. CURD.00 Lakhs liters pasteurized liquid milk is being supplied to the citizen of urban area per day. The Milk Plant Mohali produces 2 Lakhs to 2. In Patiala District 60 Societies.A. 4.1978 under Punjab Cooperative Societies Act. . It started its activities on September 1980. in Ropar District 520 Village Societies. PRESENT POSITION OF VERKA Presently it has 856 Societies and around 46000 members are supplying milk and making their contribution to the Mohali (Punjab) Plant as follows:14 1. In Ropar District three chilling centres are situated namely Morinda. Mohali and Panchkula also covering some adjoining cities of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. In S. In UT 3 Societies.S Nagar. It also produces PANEER. GHEE.A. 1961. It is registered on 05. GULAB JAMUN. The plant runs throughout 24 hours in three shifts at about 200% of its installed capacity manner with 500 employees. Mohali 164 Societies. KHEER. All these products are marketed at the plant under the name "The Punjab State Co-operation Milk Producers Federation Ltd" under the Brand name of 'Verka Milk Plant". BIOYOGURT. The plant is supplying milk mainly to the cities Chandigarh. About 2. Co-op Producer Union" It is one of the "MILKFED" group located at S.MILK PLANT MOHALI "The Ropar Distt. 3.50 Lakhs liters per day in summer season. 2. In Fatehgarh District 109 Societies. 5. FLAVOURED MILK etc. B.25 Lakhs liters of Milk per day during winter season and 1.07.

All the departments are equipped with first aid boxes.the health record of the employees is kept on the medical card and is kept with the dispensary including the blood group The main objective of the Verka Dispensary is to provide free first aid and health care facilities to the employees who are prone to many hazards while working . Apart from all this each and every permanent employee’s full body checkups and tests are done free of cost in CMC Hospital Mohali.are given for routine checkups.more .Than 50 types of medicines are received every month for the medical treatment of employees .M.Mittal and Dr. The monthly closing .C.MEDICAL FACILITIES AND DISPENSERY The company covers the medical expenses of permanent employees.The dispensary performs routine checkups .if spouse or children get admitted. All the permanent employees are having health insurance for him and spouse the company will bear 60% charges. These tests are done every year DISPENSERY The company has a dispensary with full time pharmacist Ramesh Kapoor and two visiting doctors Dr. The dispensary is open from 8A. Apart from this Rs 25000/. Asutosh Sharma. it is equipped to provide for the treatment of minor ailments and first aid in case of accident .M. In case of any minor injury the employees can take the necessary medicines from the first aid box.if the employee gets admitted in the hospital and pay Rs 11500/. The company pays Rs 25000/. R. The stock of dispensary is ordered for six months in advance and the monthly stock is received on the first day of every month . This checkup includes about 35 tests.The Company provides medical and health care facilities to its employees in many ways. to 5 P.

 During night shifts there is provision of ambulance to take the injured or sick employee to the hospital with in the area of 100 meter . bandages.the authorized persons are appointed to carry out dispensary services.  There are about 80-100 trained first-aiders cum workers in every department who provide help in giving first aid to the required person in odd hours because the dispensary service is not available for the night shifts. These first aid boxes are filled with cotton.  The company provides medical scheme for hospitalization and covers about 60 hospitals (inside and outside Mohali district) under this scheme to provide benefits to the employees and reimburse the medical expenses. ointments and medicines daily by the authorized persons and almost all the employees are satisfied from the facility.  60-60 First aid boxes are placed at different locations in each department for emergency cases after the working hours of the Company and for the holidays.  There is a bed inside the dispensary where the injured person can be laid  There is provision of eye sight checking in the dispensary where the employees can check their eye sight.  The dispensary is equipped with ambulance facility to carry the injured employee from different departments and also to take them to the near by hospital if the case is out of control for them. SERVICES PROVIDED BY DISPENSARY There are so many facilities which are provided to the employees by the dispensary services of the Verka Company.stock is brought forward for next coming month and is added to the fresh stock .  Because of greenery and plants some times snake can come and bite any employee The Company provides free treatment for snake bite cases by specially bought snake bite kits for the welfare of the employees.

19) 10. These are examined below: 1. or the nuisance.11): Every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain. Artificial Humidification (sec. Cleanliness (sec.18) 9. Overcrowding (sec. Lighting (sec.11 to 20 of the Factories Act.17) 8. c) where a floor is liable to become wet in the course of any manufacturing process to such extent as is capable of being drained.14) 5. CLEANLINESS (SEC. Drinking Water (sec.12) 3. or by some other effective method. privy. Disposal of Wastes and Effluents (sec. using disinfectant. and disposed of in a suitable manner. Ventilation and Temperature (sec. effective means of drainage shall be provided and maintained. where necessary.11) 2.15) 6.16) 7. Latrines and Urinals (sec. .13) 4. Dust and Fume (sec. Spittoons (sec.HEALTH OF WORKERS IN FACTORIES Secs. and in particular: a) accumulation of dirt and refuse shall be removed daily by sweeping or by any other effective method from the floors and benches of work rooms and from staircases and passage. 1948 contains provisions regarding creation of healthy working conditions for workers.20) 1. b) the floor of every room shall be cleaned at least once in every week by washing.

Where the nature of the work carried on in the factory involves. and for their disposal. There is water purifier which purifies the water and that water used for the plants. In production areas when one shift is over all the area is properly cleaned so that the next shift will find the work place clean. and b) such a temperature as will secure to workers therein reasonable conditions of comfort and prevent injury to health. In Verka factory the disposal system is very good. There is time to time checking of the water by the Environment officers 3. so as to render them innocuous. by separating the process which produces such . In Verka factory the section 11 of factory act 1948 in taken under full consideration. sides and tops of passages and staircases shall be suitably cleaned. I. VENTILATION AND TEMPERATURE (SEC. such adequate measures as are practicable shall be taken to protect the workers there from. You will find all the factory places neat and clean any time.12): Effective arrangement shall be made in every factory for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on therein. the production of excessively high temperature. all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls.13): Effective and suitable provision shall be made in every factory for securing and maintaining in every workroom: a) adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air. and in particular. or is likely to involve. II. walls and roofs shall be of such material and as designed that such temperature shall not be exceeded but kept as low as particular. DISPOSAL OF WASTES AND EFFLUENTS (SEC. There are proper cleaning equipments for cleaning floors. For the disposal of wastes there is a canal near the factory. Taking in consideration the point washing facility is there in the factory from where the workers get their uniforms washed. 2.d) All inside walls and partitions. repainted or re-varnished periodically.

Almost all the areas (leaving those where some cooking work is done).15): In respect of all factories in which the humidity of the air is artificially increased. effective measures shall be taken to prevent its inhalation and accumulation in any workroom. the state government may make rules: a) prescribing standards of humidification. ARTIFITIAL HUMIDATION (SEC. DUST AND FUMES (SEC. In any factory. In Verka most of the factory places are air conditioned there is central Air conditioner in the main office. In Verka all the factory area is either cemented or there are grassy lawns inside the factory so the chances of the presence of the dust are very low in Verka Mohali factory. and such point shall be enclosed so far as possible. and if any exhaust appliance is necessary for this purpose. by reason of the manufacturing process carried on. . by insulating the hot parts or other effective means. the areas where AC can not be used those areas are properly ventilated. b) regulating the methods used for artificially increasing the humidity of the air.temperature from the workroom. no stationary internal combustion engine shall be operated unless the exhaust is conducted into the open air and no other internal combustion engine shall be operated in any room unless effective measures have been taken to prevent such accumulation of fumes there from as are likely to be injurious to workers employed in the room.14): In every factory in which. 5. it shall be applied as near as possible to the point of origin of dust. there is given off any dust or fume or other impurity of such a nature and to such an extent as is likely to be injurious or offensive to the workers employed therein. 4. fume or other impurity. Air conditioning system help in checking the entry of dust in the office Even then the regular cleaning is done to avoid the ham to the workers as well as the machinery and equipments. or any dust in substantial quantities.

6. so far as is practicable. Apart from this there are rest rooms where they can rest. be made for the prevention of. LIGHTING (SEC. In every part of a factory where workers are working or passing there shall be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable lighting. there shall be in every workroom of a factory in the existence on the date of the commencement of this act at least three hundred fifty cubic feet of space for every worker employed therein. There is proper arrangement of light during day and night. prescribing method to be adopted for securing adequate ventilation d) and cooling of the air in the workrooms In Verka most of the factory places are air conditioned there is central Air conditioner in the factory and proper exhaustion system is there in all the production area of the factory. There is also the proper seating arrangement in the productions areas. In Verka the lighting system is very good. Tube lights are fitted along with the reflectors witch increases . No room in any factory shall be overcrowded to an extent injurious to the health of the workers employed therein. either directly from a source of light or by reflection from smooth or polished surface. 2.c) directing prescribed tests for determining the humidity of the air to be correctly carried out and recorded. 7.16): 1. or both. effective provision shall. no account shall be taken of any space which is more than fourteen feet above the level of the floor of the room In Verka all the production areas are quite special and there is not any sort of over crowding in the production areas. 17): 1. and for the purpose of this sub-section. OVERCROWDING (SEC. b) The formation of shadows to such an extent as to cause eye strain or the risk of accident to any worker. natural or artificial. Without prejudice to the generality of sub-section (1). In every factory. a) Glare. 2.

In every factory wherein more than two hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed. There is contract with the contractors who will time check the tube lights and replace the defected ones to time 8. In Verka there is provision of Toilets in different areas of the factory. and washing places. In each and every production area pure drinking water tapes are there. LATRINES AND URINALS (SEC. d) All such accommodation shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times. All such points shall be legibly marked drinking water in a language understood by a majority of the workers employed in the factory. Disposable glasses are used for drinking the water.the light very much. DRINKING WATER (SEC. For female . and no such point shall be situated within twenty feet of any washing place. 9. e) Sweepers shall be employed whose primary duty would be to keep clean latrines. urinal or latrine unless a shorter distance is approved in writing by the chief inspector. 3. c) Such accommodation shall be adequately lighted and ventilated. 2. urinals.18): 1.19): In every factory: a) Sufficient latrines and urinals accommodation of prescribed types shall be provided conveniently situated and accessible to workers at all times while they are at the factory. b) Separate enclosed accommodation shall be provided for male and female workers. In summer season there is provision of cold drinking water. provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means and for distribution thereof. effective arrangements shall be made to provide and maintain at suitable points conveniently situated for all workers employed therein a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. In every factory. In Verka there is proper provision of drinking water for the employees.

SPITTOONS (SEC.20): In every factory. There is weekly checking of cleanliness in the toilets. These Toilets are kept neat and clean. . 10. there shall be provided a sufficient number of spittoons in convenient places and they shall be maintained in a clean and hygienic condition.workers there three toilets in different areas one in main office and other two in the social blocks.

Every newcomer is required to acquaint himself with these norms. as per the safety norms. One H. If there some defect in the machines safety offices makes the inspection and change the worn out parts if there is some delay in the replacing they tell the workers to take more precautions. make regular inspection of the plant.O. An unsafe act of one employee endangers other. the employees are required to use appropriate “Protective Equipment”. Therefore. two operators and one engineer. They give the safety education to the employees. Goggles.. safety of employees assumes a critical role observance of safety rules and practices is the responsibility of all Verka employees. as well as himself.D. For certain operations. Aprons etc. Safety Officer gives training related to safety precautions to the employees and also to the Trainees. . Gloves. certain safety rules have been developed for all the plants. check the guarding of the machinery.SAFETY Safety is very important part of any organization in this present era. the employee must acquaint himself with all such places. SAFETY DEPARTMENT In Verka India Limited Mohali Factory there is a separate “Safety Department” having four members. Keeping in view the nature of the job and activities performed. As entry is restricted in certain dangerous and hazardous areas. Safety Belts. each employee must use this protective equipments for his own safety and for safety of other around. This Safety Department performs all the functions regarding safety assurance. Face Shields. The Safety department work for the maintenance of the plant. Safety department has placed hoardings in the various parts of the factory to give safety education to the workers. E. So Mohali also takes care of this very aspect to save its employees as well as to maintain the safety level in company premises. provide proper clothing the employees and make the safety program.g. Safety shoes.

Accidents in industry cause damage to property and life. Under the factories act. Thus. Therefore. (b) CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS We may classify the causes of industrial accidents into four categories as follows: a) Inherent hazards b) Collision c) Slip or fall on floors and stair-casings d) Miscellaneous causes a) INHERENT HAZARDS: There are many jobs in industries which are highly prone to accidents. an industrial accident has been defined as. quarry and construction are considered more dangerous industries as compared to communication. Industrial Safety measures include precautionary steps to be taken by the management of an enterprise in order to prevent accidents. it is an unexpected event and is always sudden. Safety measures not only result in reduced industrial accidents but also raise industrial efficiency. banking and tobacco industries. . marine transport.SAFETY IN INDUSTRY It is the responsibility of every management to ensure workers’ safety while they are at work. Coal mining. employers should lay emphasis on safety measures in their plants. 1948. (a) What is an Industrial Accident? An industrial accident is an unexpected occurrence in an industrial establishment causing bodily injury to one or more persons. accident prevention is the main objective of any safety program.” In other words. “an occurrence in an industrial establishment causing bodily injury to a person who make him unfit to resume his duties in the next 48 hours.

 Leaking of electric cables. accidents occur due to:  Excessive noise.  The floor is highly polished and slippery.  Machines operating at a high speed.  The floor is covered with carpets and the carpets are torn or loose.  Furniture and equipments are placed improperly. and  There is lack of proper lighting.  Either very high or very low temperature. EFFECTS OF ACCIDENTS Accidents have disastrous effects on the organization. lost man days of the affected .  Edges of equipment are not properly covered. Besides. soap or oily substance. and  Cabinet drawers are left open c) SLIP OR FALL ON FLOORS AND STAIR-CASINGS:This happens when:  The floor and staircases are wet with water. and  Age and experience of the workers. d) MISCELLANEOUS CAUSES: Sometimes.  Lack of cleanliness. the employees and the society at large.  The telephone cables trail on the floor. Accidents prove costly for the organization as workers have to be compensated and machinery has to be repaired.  Industrial fatigue.  Poor health of the workers.b) COLLISION: This takes place when:  There are inadequate lighting arrangements.

Moreover. The Bhopal Gas Leak tragedy in 1985 is a case in point. Accidents have demoralizing effect on the workers. Employees at all levels are responsible to work in a safe manner to prevent injury and ill. regard people as our most valuable asset and place the highest priority on protecting them. Sometimes they also affect the general public adversely. Their morale is lowered. Mohali. They face mental and psychological shock. the rates of absenteeism and labour turnover go up. Thousands of people were killed and several thousands became disabled in this accident. Thus.health to themselves and their co-workers. all Verka managers are accountable for managing workplace occupational health and safety with demonstrated leadership. As an integral part of managing the business. motivation and participation.  Actively engaging our employees and other stake holders to drive implementation of all elements of our Mohali Occupational Health and safety Management System through consultation . Employees also suffer adversely from accidents.  Promoting safe acts and correcting unsafe acts  Ensuring compliance with all relevant legal and other requirements pertaining to occupational health and safety. employers and the society at large OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY POLICY In line with the Corporate Verka policy on the Occupational Health and Safety at work. efforts should be avoid industrial accidents in the interest of workers. We drive our value-based occupational health and safety culture for continual improvement in our OH&S performance by  Conducting risk assessments and take appropriate preventive actions to minimize residual risk to human health and safety. we at Verka India Ltd. Industrial accidents affect the health of the workers adversely.Workers and cost of training of new worker further burden the cost of production.communication and participation at all levels . more so when they or their colleagues become physically disabled.

We understand our responsibility towards the community and third parties in managing safety. The basic objective of the safety program should be safety and security of the lives. Safety committee is constituted of 16 members. All the safety programs should be implemented through the safety committee. It has at least one person from one department these persons are the .  Fostering communication with all stakeholders. health and welfare of the workers employed therein. It should consist of the representatives of both the management and the workers. We enforce our H&S policy on the third parties operating at our sites and encourage our suppliers and contractors to follow similar standard MEASURES FOR ENSURING INDUSTRIAL SAFETY There should be a Safety Director in every industrial undertaking to design and operate the safety program. The following precautionary steps may be adopted to prevent accidents in the industries: 1) Safety Committee 2) Safety Training 3) Material Handling Equipments 4) Guarding of machines 5) Maintenance of plant 6) Regular Inspection 7) Equipment Redesign 8) Proper Clothing 9) Clean Floors 10) Safety Campaign 1) SAFETY COMMITTEE: Safety committee may be constituted in every plant. Educating. In Verka there is provision of the safety committee. training and equipping staff at all levels to ensure they are empowered to prevent unsafe situations/ behaviors and to respond promptly to unexpected events.  Setting targets and monitoring our management systems.

representatives of the particular department. Small cranes are there to carry the raw material to the production area and taking the finished products to the warehouse. constructed and used to provide positive protection. 3) MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS: Material handling equipments should be installed to carry bulky materials from one place to another. In Verka safety training is given to the employees during Induction program. 4) GAURDING OF MACHINES: Safety guards should be designed. These are of two types one is EOT which can lift 32 tones and the other one is RMG which can lift 40 tones. 5) MAINTENANCE OF PLANT: The plant should be maintained in good condition. Training programs should also be designed for the supervisors. These are in the form of hard insulated covers provided to the moving or rotating parts of machines. Besides this when the worker is employed in particular department technical and specific training is given to the employees. accidental safety etc. In Verka there is proper provision of material handling equipments. Safety Department considers HIRA (Hazard Identification &Risk Analysis) for the guarding of the machinery. There is also the provision of big cranes to carry the containers. prevent access to the danger zones during operations. The member of safety committee can consult with the safety department if there is any problem regarding the safety. avoid inconvenience in operation and give protection against unforeseen contingencies. The possible causes of accidents should be explained to the new employees and they should be taught habits and motions that will keep them out of danger. The machine guarding is done in such a way that the machines may not cause any harm to the workers. 2) SAFETY TRAINING: The supervisors should train the new employees in safety methods. The employees are introduced with the common safety measures which include fire fighting instructions. All objects likely to obstruct the passages meant for movement by workers . In Verka there is proper guarding of the machinery. No worker may be required to lift or carry heavy loads which may cause injury.

Overall we can say that all machines are inspected at least once in a year. Under this there is proper maintenance of the plant. Equipment. For the workers working in laboratories aprons are provided. The clothing should serve a dual purpose of providing convenience as well as protection at work. 6) REGULAR INSPECTION: There should be regular inspection of machines and equipment and electricity cables to check any leakage. masks. In Verka there is Continuous Development & Maintenance Program which is considered for the maintenance of the plant. In Verka there is a separate Engineering Department which works for redesigning the old machines. Passages should not be used to store goods or materials. clean and ventilated store rooms with suitable racks. while at work. safety footwear. helmets. All the uniforms and aprons are made of pure cotton and are skin friendly. The old machines are replaced with new ones when are not working properly. Some machines are inspected quarterly some are inspected half yearly and some are inspected once in a year. The time period is different for different machines. 8) PROPER CLOTHING: The workers should be provided with proper clothing and other protective things such as hand gloves. shelves. Dry. . Chemicals should be carefully handled. machinery and work procedures should be redesigned to cut down accident rate.should be removed. In Verka there is provision of regular inspection by the safety department. 7) EQUIPMENT REDESIGN: Industrial engineers should be engaged to improve the man-machine system. Safety department make regular inspection of different production departments. In case if the machines are not going to be replaced soon the safety precautions for the workers are increased. etc. etc. should be provided for keeping electrical and keeping other hazardous equipment. The use of articles made of inflammable material must be prohibited while working on operations that involve risk of fire. In Verka full sleeve uniforms are provided to the workers.

On this day various competitions regarding safety are conducted like quiz competition. the floor is immediately cleaned. This day is celebrated to give the information to the workers about how to handle the situation of fie. passages and stares must be kept clear of obstructions. slogans etc. 10) SAFETY CAMPAIGN: Safety program must be given a wide publicity through posters and hoardings. Some times this celebration goes on for a week or even a month. In Verka safety program is given wild publicity. BBS (Behavior Based Safety) program are conducted. the workers can give their suggestions regarding the safety.  Safety day is celebrated on 4th March. Plays are conducted regarding safety. rounds are taken in different departments handling mashall or flags in hands. Like the safety day the completions are conducted but only regarding the fire. ‘Work Safety’ and ‘Safely Saves’ are illustrations of the slogans which may be displayed at critical points. Apart from this Safety Day and fire service day are celebrated to promote safety. Hoardings are placed in every corner of the factory so that the workers may remain conscious about the safety. If there is some thing dropped on the floor. . safety posters making. Floors.9) CLEAN FLOORS: There should be no trailing of telephone cables on the floors. So that workers may not slip or any harm is caused to them. It give the proper education to the employees The department not only spend on safety education. These hoardings contain instructions about the safety.  Fire service day is celebrated on 14th April. Safety contests may also be held between the plants as a part of the safety campaign. but also provide necessary safety equipments and maintain them in good working order. Plant with lowest accident rate may be given some reward. There is mock drill on the fire service day Thus the safety department properly takes care of the safety of the workers and promotes the safety through the campaign. In Verka cleaning system is very good.

Armstrong has outlined five elements of a safety training program which are as follows: 1. The teaching is systematic and thorough. c) Have him do it. and the like is explained and its proper use and care taught in full detail. The employer must not only spend on safety education. In the somewhat idiomatic English of a successful teacher. is necessary and it must have complete support of top management. 2. . d) Correct him until he has it. designed to spread safety consciousness among all including executives. hand protectors. as goggles. signs. bulletin boards.SAFETY EDUCATION A Safety education program. and operative employees. e) Supervise him to see that he keeps it. A safe method of performing each job operation or sequence of operations is developed and described in simple but adequate detail. T. 5. 3. it is: a) Tell him. 4. supervisors. safety shoes. Specific safeguards needed for the protection of the worker or his fellows are similarly explained and their correct usage taught. b) Show him. displays. but also provide necessary safety equipments and maintain them in good working order. Every new employee must be given safety training in the first week of his joining and the old employees must be provided with retraining. The safety office plays a vital role in promoting safety consciousness through safety education and training. cartoons. slogans. and safety films. house organs. The various hazard points are brought to light and described together with the relationship between these and the various steps in safety method.O. if any. The reason for requiring the wearing of personal protective equipment needed. Safety education may be imparted via posters.

38) .28) 9) Lifting Machines. They are obligatory in their character.27) 8) Hoists and Lifts (Sec. The safety provisions as given under the Factories Act described as under: 1) Fencing of machinery (Sec. Sumps. The provisions are to be followed by every factory covered by this act.34) 15) Protection of Eyes (Sec.31) 12) Floors.SAFETY OF FACTORY WORKERS The safety provisions are contained in section 21 to 41 of the Factories Act.22) 3) Employment of young person’s on Dangerous Machines (Sec. So in relation to a factory in a particular State. stairs and Means of Access (Sec. Gas.26) 7) Prohibition of Employment of Women and Children near Cotton-openers (Sec.36A) 18) Explosive or Inflammable Dust. Chains. (Sec.35) 16) Precautions against Dangerous Fumes (Sec. 1948.21) 2) Work on or near machinery in motion (Sec.29) 10) Revolving Machinery (Sec.33) 14) Excessive Weights (Sec. Ropes and Lifting Tackles (Sec. The provisions dealing with the safety of the workers in different states are supplemented by rules framed by each State Government. Opening in Floors.24) 5) Self acting Machine (Sec. (Sec.25) 6) Casing of New Machinery (Sec. etc. the rules of the Government of the state must be referred to.30) 11) Pressure plant (Sec. The requirements prescribed under the act are absolute and are in no way dependent upon previous notice or warning from the Inspector of Factories.23) 4) Striking Gear and Devices for Cutting of Power (Sec.32) 13) Pits. etc.37) 19) Precautions in case of Fire (Sec.36) 17) Precautions regarding the use of Portable Light (Sec.

20) Power to require Specification of Defective Part or Tests of Stability (Sec.39) 21) Safety of Buildings and Machinery (Sec.40) 22) Maintenance of Buildings (Sec.40A) 23) Safety Officers (Sec.40B) 24) Power to Make Rules (Sec.41)

1) FENCING OF MACHINERY (SEC.21): In every factory, every
dangerous part of any machinery-every moving part of a prime mover and every flywheel connected to prime-mover, the head-race and tail-race of every water wheel and water turbine, and every part of an electric generator, motor or rotary converter, every part of transmission machinery-must be securely fenced by safeguards of substantial construction. The State Government is empowered to frame rules in this regard.

2) WORK ON OR NEAR MACHINERY IN MOTION (SEC.22):
With a view to secure the safety of the workers, it is necessary to examine any part of the machinery while it is in motion. The examination and lubrication of the machinery, should be carried out only be a specially trained adult worker wearing tight-fitting clothing. Such a worker is not allowed to handle a belt at a moving pulley unless the belt is less than fifteen cm. in width and the belt-joint is either laced or flush with belt. women and young children are not allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime-mover or of transmission machinery while it is in motion, if it is likely to expose her or him to risk to injury from any moving part.

3) EMPLOYMENT OF YOUNG PERSONS ON DANGEROUS MACHINES (SEC.23): No young person shall work at any machine unless he
has been fully instructed as to be dangers arising in connection with the machine and the precautions to be observed and: a) Has received sufficient training in work at machine, or b) Is under adequate supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge and experience of the machine.

4)

STRIKING GEAR AND DEVICES FOR CUTTING OFF
a) Suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliances shall be provided and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulleys which form part of the transmission machinery, and such gear or appliances shall be constructed, placed and maintained as to prevent the belt from creeping back on to the fast pulley; b) Driving belts when not in use shall not be allowed to rest or ride upon shaft in motion.

POWER (SEC.24): In every factory:

5) SELF-ACTING MACHINES (SEC.25): No traversing part of a selfacting machine in any factory and no material carried thereon shall be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of eighteen inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine.

6) CASING OF NEW MACHINERY (SEC.26): In all machinery driven
by power and installed in any factory: a) Every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger; b) All spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased, unless it is so situated as it would be if it were completely encased.

7) PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN NEAR COTTON-OPENERS (SEC.27): No women or child
shall be employed in any part of a factory where pressing cotton-opener is at work: provided that if the feed end of a cotton opener is in a room separated from the delivery end by a partition extending to the roof or to such height as the inspector may

in particular case specify in writing, women and children may be employed on the side of the partition where the feed end is situated.

8) HOISTS AND LIFTS (SEC.28): In every factory:
a) Every hoist and lift shall be:  of good mechanical construction, sound material and adequate strength;  Properly maintained and shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of six months. b) Every hoist way and lift way shall be sufficiently protected by an enclosure Fitted with gates, and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be so Constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any Part of the hoist or thing and any fixed structure or moving part.

9)

LIFTING MACHINES, CHAINS, ROPES AND LIFTING

TACKLES (SEC.29): In every factory, the following provisions shall be
complied with in respect of every lifting machine and every chain; rope and lifting tackle for the purpose of raising or lowering persons, goods or materials: a) All parts, including the working gear, whether fixed or movable, or Every lifting machine and every chain, rope or lifting tackle shall be:  of good construction, sound material and adequate strength and free from defects;  properly maintained; and  thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of twelve months; b) no lifting machine and no chain, rope or lifting tackle shall, except for the purpose of test, be loaded beyond the safe working load which shall be plainly marked thereon together with an identification mark and duly entered in the prescribed register;

10) REVOLVING MACHINERY (SEC.30): In every room in a factory in
which the process of gridding is carried on, there shall be permanently affixed to or placed near each machine in use a notice indicating the maximum safe working

peripheral speed of every grindstone or abrasive wheel, and the diameter of the pulley upon such shaft or spindle necessary to secure such safe working peripheral speed.

11) PRESSURE PLANT (SEC.31): If in any factory, any part of the plant or
machinery used in a manufacturing process is operated at a pressure above atmospheric pressure, effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure of such part is not exceeded.

12) FLOORS, STAIRS, AND MEANS OF ACCESS (SEC.32): In
every factory, all floors, steps, stairs, passage and gangways shall be of sound construction and properly maintained and shall be kept free from obstruction and substances likely to cause persons to slip and where it is necessary to ensure safety, steps, stairs, passage and gangways shall be provided with substantial handrails.

13) PITS, SUMPS, OPENING IN FLOORS, ETC.(SEC.33): In every
factory, fixed vessel, sump, tank, pit or opening in the ground or in a floor which, by reason of its depth, situation, construction or contents, is or may be a source of danger shall be either securely covered or securely fenced.

14) EXCESSIVE WEIGHTS (SEC.34): No person shall be employed in
any factory to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause him injury. The State Government may make rules prescribed the maximum weights may be lifted, carried or moved by adult men, adult women, adolescent and children employed in factories or in any class or description of factories or in a carrying on any specified process.

15)

PROTECTION OF EYES (SEC.35): In respect of any such

manufacturing process carried on in any factory as may be prescribed, being a process which involves: a) risk of injury to the eyes from particles thrown off in the course of the process, or

no person shall enter or be permitted to enter any chamber. flue or other confined space in which dangerous fumes are likely tube present to such an extent as to involve risk of persons being overcome thereby. boiler flue. the free end of which is held by a person standing outside the confined space. The worker is wearing suitable breathing apparatus and a belt securely attached to a rope. pit. vat. tank. II. pipe. the State Government may be rules require that effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed on. . or. b) No person shall be permitted to enter any boiler furnace. vat. that the space is free from dangerous fumes and fit for persons to enter. I. flue or other confined space. no lamp light other than that of flameproof construction shall be permitted to be used therein. pipe or other confined space for the purpose of working or making any examination therein until it has been sufficiently cooled by ventilation or otherwise to be safe for persons to enter. pipe. tank. a certificate in writing has been given by a competent person. tank. tank. chamber. and b) If any inflammable gas. vat. based on a test carried out by himself.b) Risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive light. vat. 16) PRECAUTIONS AGAINST DANGEROUS FUMES (SEC. flue or other confined space. 17) PRECAUTIONS REGARDING THE USE OF PORTABLE LIGHT (SEC. pit. unless it is provided with a manhole of adequate size or effective means of either. fume or dust is likely to be present in such chamber. or in the immediate vicinity of the process.36A): In every factory: a) no portable electric light or any other electric appliance of voltage exceeding twenty-four volts shall be permitted for use inside any chamber.36): a) In any factory.

machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it may be dangerous to human life or safety. ETC. or .39): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways. machinery or plant be used with safety. he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing requiring him before a specified date: a) To furnish such drawings. shall be constructed to open outwards. c) In every factory every window. GAS. 20) POWER TO REQUIRE SPECIFICATION OF DEFECTIVE PART OR TESTS OF STABILITY (SEC. 19) PRECAUTIONS IN CASE OF FIRE (SEC. c) Exclusion or effective enclosure of all possible sources of ignition. ways. shall be distinctively marked in language understood by the majority of the workers and in red letters of adequate size or by some other effective and clearly understood sign.37): Where in any factory any manufacturing process produces dust. b) removal or prevention of the accumulation of such dust.18) EXPLOSIVE OR INFLAMMABLE DUST. gas. fume or vapors. gas. specifications and other particulars as may be necessary to determine whether such building. and all such doors. all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent any such explosion by: a) effective enclosure or the plant of machinery used in the process. door or exit affording a means of escape in case of fire. (SEC. other than the means of exit in ordinary use. b) In every factory the doors affording exit from any room shall not be locked or fastened so that they cannot be easily and immediately opened from the inside while any person is within the room. d) There shall be provided in every factory effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in case of fire to every person employed in the factory. unless they are of the sliding type.38): a) In every factory there shall be provided such means of escape in case of fire as may be prescribed. fume or vapors of such character and to such extent as to be likely to explode on ignition.

he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion would be taken and requiring the same to be carried out before such date as is specified in the order. and to inform the Inspector of the results thereof. in the opinion of the State Government. 21) SAFETY OF BUILDINGS AND MACHINERY (SEC. which process or operation involves any risk of bodily injury. machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it may be dangerous to human life or safety.40A): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building in a factory is in such a state of disrepair as is likely to lead to conditions detrimental to the health and welfare of the workers. qualifications and conditions of service of safety officers shall be such as may be prescribed by the State Government. to the persons employed in the factory. one thousand or more workers are ordinarily employed. 23) SAFETY OFFICERS (SEC. or any other hazard to health. 22) MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS (SEC. poisoning or disease. 24) POWER TO MAKE RULES (SEC.b) To carry out such tests in such manner as may be specified in the order. .41): The State Government may make rules requiring the provision in any factory or in any class or description of factories of such further devices and measures for securing the safety of persons employed therein as it may deem necessary. or b) Wherein. and requiring them to be carried out before a specified date. he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion should be adopted. c) The duties.40): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways. any manufacturing process or operation is carried on.40B): In every factory: a) Wherein.

b) Non experimental Non experimental research posses’ only one component. It is the general blue print for the collection. which is measurement. Research is science and a systematic search for pertinent information on a particular topic . measurement and analysis of data . The researcher does not exercise any control over the extraneous variable. questionnaires. observation etc . Type of Data Used Primary Data: Primary data is collected by personal survey.In fact research is an act of scientific investigation. telephone survey. Data is the quantities or numerical information.CHAPTER – 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY MEANING OF RESEARCH: Research is the systematic and objective search for the analysis of information relevant to the identification and solution of the specific problem. DATA Data constitutes the foundation of any analysis.In includes an outline what an investigator can do from writing the hypothesis and their operational implication to the final analysis of data. a) Experimental method Experimental method of data collection is ideal through not always possible because of many research problems in the social science and education do lend themselves to experimental enquiry. Surveys are the most popular device of obtaining the desired data. Descriptive research design has been used for the purpose of this study. which is collected for future analysis and interpretation in order to base decision on them. Data is the collection of any number of related observations. RESEARCH DESIGN: A researcher design is the overall plan or program of research.

SAMPLING UNIT Employees were the sampling unit of the future research study. . SAMPLE DESIGN: A simple design is a definite plan for obtaining a sample from a given population which includes: SAMPLING PROCEDURE “Simple Random Sampling “used to selects the most accessible population. • To know about the duties performed by safety officers. SAMPLING SIZE The sample size was of 30 respondents. • To know about the safety provisions of the factory workers. SAMPLING TECHNIQUES In research training report survey was used as the sampling techniques. • To know about how the workers rate the factory as a work place.OBJECTIVE OF STUDY The main objectives of study are as follows: • Main objective of study is to determine the level of satisfaction among employees regarding the facilities provided to them.

Knowledge of Research methodology enables us to make intelligent decisions concerning problems facing us in practical life at different points of time. passage and stair-cases. are as under: 6) CLEANLINESS 7) LIGHTING 8) TEMPERATURE AND VENTILATION 9) FREEDOM FROM NOISE 10) 11) DUST WORKING SPACE AND SEATING ARRANGEMENT 1) CLEANLINESS: It is essential for health. 2. Knowledge of research methodology will inculcate the ability to evaluate and use research results with reasonable confidence.IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 1. Sufficient spittoons should be provided at convenient places and should be kept hygienic. Dust should be removed daily from all rooms. 3. It helps him to develop disciplined thinking to observe the field objectively. . EMPLOYEE HEALTH & SAFETY PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OR HEALTHY WORKING CONDITIONS It is essential to ensure favorable working conditions so that the workers can perform their tasks without experiencing physical or mental strain. The knowledge of methodology provides good training especially to the new research worker and enables him to do better research. Some of the conditions surrounding a worker as he does his job and affecting his physical well being and thus his efficiency. properly cleaned and disinfected. Knowledge of Research methodology helps the consumer of research results to evaluate them and enables him to take rational decisions. 4.

Steps should be taken to ensure flow of fresh air having right temperature and humidity. The external noise cannot be eliminated. accident and spoilage of material will increase and production will slow down. windows. Therefore. movement of workers. and ventilators. Their efficiency is bound to suffer if the temperature of the work place is either too high or too low. clerks. namely. eye damage will occur. peons and visitors through corridors. When dust enters the factory. Proper ventilation is necessary to ensure the circulation of fresh air and remove congestion in the plant. the air will become stale and the employees will feel tired and sleepy. It is essential to the health. There are two types of noise. . Internal noise is caused by conversation. safety. It has an adverse effect on the minds of employee’s staff and tells upon their efficiency. double doors. it affects the health of the employees adversely. This will reduce their efficiency. Internal noise can be controlled more easily as compared to external noise. 5) DUST: In certain areas or regions. Without proper lighting. It enters through doors. But sound proof walls. It is source of distribution to the employees and does not allow them to work with concentration. 3) TEMPERATURE AND VENTILATION: The employees must be provided tolerable temperature if they are to work efficiently. lighting must be adequate and free from defects. Noise is also created by incoming and outgoing telephone calls. it is essential to keep noise under control. The efficiency of workers directly depends on his ability to see the objects accurately and quickly. If the ventilation arrangement is not provided. and efficiency of workers.2) LIGHTING: Good lighting can facilitate higher production. internal and external. and glass panes can be used to prevent the external noise from entering the premises. the ratio of dust in the atmosphere is quite high. 4) FREEDOM FROM NOISE: Noise may be defined as an unwanted sound in or outside the factory. Thus. running of machines. External noise comes from outside the factory premises. Electric fans circulate fresh air and exhaust fans expel the stale air.

if spouse or children get admitted. materials. . it is equipped to provide for the treatment of minor ailments and first aid in case of accident .M. All the permanent employees are having health insurance for him and spouse the company will bear 60% charges.6) WORKING SPACE AND SEATING ARRANGEMENT: Adequate space should be provided for workers. There should also be enough seating arrangement for the workers.if the employee gets admitted in the hospital and pay Rs 11500/. tools and equipments for their free and unhindered movement from one machine or process to another. It may be difficult to check entry of dust into the factory. The dispensary is open from 8A.C. to 5 P.the health record of the employees is kept on the medical card and is kept with the dispensary including the blood group The main objective of the Verka Dispensary is to provide free first aid and health care facilities to the employees who are prone to many hazards while working . Dust should be cleaned quite regularly because it not only pollutes the environment but also has an adverse impact on the intensity of light . This checkup includes about 35 tests.The Company provides medical and health care facilities to its employees in many ways. These tests are done every year DISPENSERY The company has a dispensary with full time pharmacist Ramesh Kapoor and two visiting doctors Dr.M. Therefore it is essential to check the entry of dust into the factory premises. The company pays Rs 25000/. Asutosh Sharma. MEDICAL FACILITIES AND DISPENSERY The company covers the medical expenses of permanent employees. Apart form all this each and every permanent employee’s full body checkups and tests are done free of cost in CMC Hospital Mohali. Apart from this Rs 25000/.The dispensary performs routine checkups . R.Mittal and Dr.are given for routine checkups.Dust also reduces the life of various machines and equipments.

SERVICES PROVIDED BY DISPENSARY There are so many facilities which are provided to the employees by the dispensary services of the Verka Company. The monthly closing stock is brought forward for next coming month and is added to the fresh stock .  60-60 First aid boxes are placed at different locations in each department for emergency cases after the working hours of the Company and for the holidays.  There are about 80-100 trained first-aiders cum workers in every department who provide help in giving first aid to the required person in odd hours because the dispensary service is not available for the night shifts.  There is a bed inside the dispensary where the injured person can be laid  There is provision of eye sight checking in the dispensary where the employees can check their eye sight.  The dispensary is equipped with ambulance facility to carry the injured employee from different departments and also to take them to the near by hospital if the case is out of control for them. The stock of dispensary is ordered for six months in advance and the monthly stock is received on the first day of every month .  The company provides medical scheme for hospitalization and covers about 60 hospitals (inside and outside Mohali district) under this scheme to provide benefits to the employees and reimburse the medical expenses.the authorized persons are appointed to carry out dispensary services. ointments and medicines daily by the authorized persons and almost all the employees are satisfied from the facility. In case of any minor injury the employees can take the necessary medicines from the first aid box. .All the departments are equipped with first aid boxes.more . bandages.Than 50 types of medicines are received every month for the medical treatment of employees . These first aid boxes are filled with cotton.  Because of greenery and plants some times snake can come and bite any employee The Company provides free treatment for snake bite cases by specially bought snake bite kits for the welfare of the employees.

1948 contains provisions regarding creation of healthy working conditions for workers. These are examined below: 11. Lighting (sec. CLEANLINESS (SEC. or by some other effective method.20) 1. privy. Spittoons (sec. . and disposed of in a suitable manner.11): Every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain. During night shifts there is provision of ambulance to take the injured or sick employee to the hospital with in the area of 100 meter HEALTH OF WORKERS IN FACTORIES Secs. Artificial Humidification (sec.13) 14. using disinfectant. Latrines and Urinals (sec.11 to 20 of the Factories Act.11) 12. Dust and Fume (sec.15) 16. Cleanliness (sec. Ventilation and Temperature (sec. and in particular: e) accumulation of dirt and refuse shall be removed daily by sweeping or by any other effective method from the floors and benches of work rooms and from staircases and passage.19) 20.17) 18. or the nuisance. where necessary. effective means of drainage shall be provided and maintained. f) the floor of every room shall be cleaned at least once in every week by washing.16) 17.18) 19. Disposal of Wastes and Effluents (sec.14) 15. Drinking Water (sec. Overcrowding (sec.12) 13. g) where a floor is liable to become wet in the course of any manufacturing process to such extent as is capable of being drained.

DISPOSAL OF WASTES AND EFFLUENTS (SEC. so as to render them innocuous.13): Effective and suitable provision shall be made in every factory for securing and maintaining in every workroom: c) adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air. VENTILATION AND TEMPERATURE (SEC. You will find all the factory places neat and clean any time.h) All inside walls and partitions. the production of excessively high temperature. In Verka factory the section 11 of factory act 1948 in taken under full consideration. and in particular.12): Effective arrangement shall be made in every factory for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on therein. Taking in consideration the point washing facility is there in the factory from where the workers get their uniforms washed. In Verka factory the disposal system is very good. sides and tops of passages and staircases shall be suitably cleaned. Where the nature of the work carried on in the factory involves. I. by separating the process which produces such . 2. such adequate measures as are practicable shall be taken to protect the workers there from. There are proper cleaning equipments for cleaning floors. and for their disposal. walls and roofs shall be of such material and as designed that such temperature shall not be exceeded but kept as low as particular. and d) such a temperature as will secure to workers therein reasonable conditions of comfort and prevent injury to health. There is water purifier which purifies the water and that water used for the plants. repainted or re-varnished periodically. In production areas when one shift is over all the area is properly cleaned so that the next shift will find the work place clean. There is time to time checking of the water by the Environment officers 3. or is likely to involve. For the disposal of wastes there is a canal near the factory. II. all ceilings or tops of rooms and all walls.

no stationary internal combustion engine shall be operated unless the exhaust is conducted into the open air and no other internal combustion engine shall be operated in any room unless effective measures have been taken to prevent such accumulation of fumes there from as are likely to be injurious to workers employed in the room. and such point shall be enclosed so far as possible. ARTIFITIAL HUMIDATION (SEC. the areas where AC can not be used those areas are properly ventilated. by insulating the hot parts or other effective means. fume or other impurity. DUST AND FUMES (SEC. 5. the state government may make rules: d) prescribing standards of humidification. by reason of the manufacturing process carried on. or any dust in substantial quantities. In Verka all the factory area is either cemented or there are grassy lawns inside the factory so the chances of the presence of the dust are very low in Verka Mohali factory. In any factory. it shall be applied as near as possible to the point of origin of dust. and if any exhaust appliance is necessary for this purpose. effective measures shall be taken to prevent its inhalation and accumulation in any workroom. Air conditioning system help in checking the entry of dust in the office Even then the regular cleaning is done to avoid the ham to the workers as well as the machinery and equipments. e) regulating the methods used for artificially increasing the humidity of the air.15): In respect of all factories in which the humidity of the air is artificially increased.14): In every factory in which. . there is given off any dust or fume or other impurity of such a nature and to such an extent as is likely to be injurious or offensive to the workers employed therein. 4. Almost all the areas (leaving those where some cooking work is done). In Verka most of the factory places are air conditioned there is central Air conditioner in the main office.temperature from the workroom.

there shall be in every workroom of a factory in the existence on the date of the commencement of this act at least three hundred fifty cubic feet of space for every worker employed therein. 2. 17): 3. prescribing method to be adopted for securing adequate ventilation d) and cooling of the air in the workrooms In Verka most of the factory places are air conditioned there is central Air conditioner in the factory and proper exhaustion system is there in all the production area of the factory. There is also the proper seating arrangement in the productions areas. effective provision shall. In every part of a factory where workers are working or passing there shall be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable lighting. 7. so far as is practicable. No room in any factory shall be overcrowded to an extent injurious to the health of the workers employed therein. In Verka the lighting system is very good. There is proper arrangement of light during day and night. 6. either directly from a source of light or by reflection from smooth or polished surface. no account shall be taken of any space which is more than fourteen feet above the level of the floor of the room In Verka all the production areas are quite special and there is not any sort of over crowding in the production areas. LIGHTING (SEC. be made for the prevention of.f) directing prescribed tests for determining the humidity of the air to be correctly carried out and recorded. Tube lights are fitted along with the reflectors witch increases .16): 1. natural or artificial. Apart from this there are rest rooms where they can rest. Without prejudice to the generality of sub-section (1). b) The formation of shadows to such an extent as to cause eye strain or the risk of accident to any worker. 4. and for the purpose of this sub-section. a) Glare. OVERCROWDING (SEC. In every factory. or both.

In each and every production area pure drinking water tapes are there. LATRINES AND URINALS (SEC. In Verka there is provision of Toilets in different areas of the factory. These Toilets are kept neat and clean. In every factory wherein more than two hundred and fifty workers are ordinarily employed. 5. There is weekly checking of cleanliness in the toilets. urinals.18): 4. 6. urinal or latrine unless a shorter distance is approved in writing by the chief inspector. .the light very much. All such points shall be legibly marked drinking water in a language understood by a majority of the workers employed in the factory. i) All such accommodation shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times. DRINKING WATER (SEC. In Verka there is proper provision of drinking water for the employees. and no such point shall be situated within twenty feet of any washing place.19): In every factory: f) Sufficient latrines and urinals accommodation of prescribed types shall be provided conveniently situated and accessible to workers at all times while they are at the factory. For female workers there three toilets in different areas one in main office and other two in the social blocks. provisions shall be made for cooling drinking water during hot weather by effective means and for distribution thereof. g) Separate enclosed accommodation shall be provided for male and female workers. There is contract with the contractors who will time check the tube lights and replace the defected ones to time 8. j) Sweepers shall be employed whose primary duty would be to keep clean latrines. effective arrangements shall be made to provide and maintain at suitable points conveniently situated for all workers employed therein a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. h) Such accommodation shall be adequately lighted and ventilated. and washing places. Disposable glasses are used for drinking the water. In summer season there is provision of cold drinking water. 9. In every factory.

. there shall be provided a sufficient number of spittoons in convenient places and they shall be maintained in a clean and hygienic condition. SPITTOONS (SEC.10.20): In every factory.

certain safety rules have been developed for all the plants.D. Face Shields. The Safety department work for the maintenance of the plant. Aprons etc. So Mohali also takes care of this very aspect to save its employees as well as to maintain the safety level in company premises.. Gloves. If there some defect in the machines safety offices makes the inspection and change the worn out parts if there is some delay in the replacing they tell the workers to take more precautions. E. Safety shoes. Every newcomer is required to acquaint himself with these norms. safety of employees assumes a critical role observance of safety rules and practices is the responsibility of all Verka employees. as per the safety norms. For certain operations. An unsafe act of one employee endangers other. Safety Officer gives training related to safety precautions to the employees and also to the Trainees.g. as well as himself. provide proper clothing the employees and make the safety program. They give the safety education to the employees. As entry is restricted in certain dangerous and hazardous areas. Keeping in view the nature of the job and activities performed. each employee must use this protective equipments for his own safety and for safety of other around. One H. Safety Belts. . the employee must acquaint himself with all such places. This Safety Department performs all the functions regarding safety assurance. check the guarding of the machinery. Safety department has placed hoardings in the various parts of the factory to give safety education to the workers.SAFETY Safety is very important part of any organization in this present era. the employees are required to use appropriate “Protective Equipment”. Goggles. two operators and one engineer. Therefore.O. make regular inspection of the plant. SAFETY DEPARTMENT In Verka India Limited Mohali Factory there is a separate “Safety Department” having four members.

Industrial Safety measures include precautionary steps to be taken by the management of an enterprise in order to prevent accidents. (a) What is an Industrial Accident? An industrial accident is an unexpected occurrence in an industrial establishment causing bodily injury to one or more persons. . (b) CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS We may classify the causes of industrial accidents into four categories as follows: e) Inherent hazards f) Collision g) Slip or fall on floors and stair-casings h) Miscellaneous causes a) INHERENT HAZARDS: There are many jobs in industries which are highly prone to accidents.SAFETY IN INDUSTRY It is the responsibility of every management to ensure workers’ safety while they are at work. Therefore. Under the factories act. banking and tobacco industries. “an occurrence in an industrial establishment causing bodily injury to a person who make him unfit to resume his duties in the next 48 hours. an industrial accident has been defined as. accident prevention is the main objective of any safety program. it is an unexpected event and is always sudden.” In other words. Accidents in industry cause damage to property and life. quarry and construction are considered more dangerous industries as compared to communication. 1948. marine transport. Safety measures not only result in reduced industrial accidents but also raise industrial efficiency. Thus. Coal mining. employers should lay emphasis on safety measures in their plants.

soap or oily substance.b) COLLISION: This takes place when:  There are inadequate lighting arrangements.  Poor health of the workers. and  Cabinet drawers are left open c) SLIP OR FALL ON FLOORS AND STAIR-CASINGS:This happens when:  The floor and staircases are wet with water. d) MISCELLANEOUS CAUSES: Sometimes. EFFECTS OF ACCIDENTS Accidents have disastrous effects on the organization. lost man days of the affected Workers and cost of training of new worker further burden the cost of production. Employees also suffer adversely from accidents.  The floor is covered with carpets and the carpets are torn or loose. and  Age and experience of the workers.  Machines operating at a high speed. Besides. They face mental and psychological . the employees and the society at large.  Edges of equipment are not properly covered.  Industrial fatigue. accidents occur due to:  Excessive noise.  The telephone cables trail on the floor.  Lack of cleanliness.  Leaking of electric cables.  The floor is highly polished and slippery. and  There is lack of proper lighting.  Furniture and equipments are placed improperly.  Either very high or very low temperature. Accidents prove costly for the organization as workers have to be compensated and machinery has to be repaired.

employers and the society at large OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY POLICY In line with the Corporate Verka policy on the Occupational Health and Safety at work.communication and participation at all levels  Educating. Mohali. Industrial accidents affect the health of the workers adversely. Thousands of people were killed and several thousands became disabled in this accident.shock. . motivation and participation.  Promoting safe acts and correcting unsafe acts  Ensuring compliance with all relevant legal and other requirements pertaining to occupational health and safety. Accidents have demoralizing effect on the workers. more so when they or their colleagues become physically disabled. Sometimes they also affect the general public adversely. Their morale is lowered. all Verka managers are accountable for managing workplace occupational health and safety with demonstrated leadership. The Bhopal Gas Leak tragedy in 1985 is a case in point. Thus. We drive our value-based occupational health and safety culture for continual improvement in our OH&S performance by  Conducting risk assessments and take appropriate preventive actions to minimize residual risk to human health and safety. we at Verka India Ltd. the rates of absenteeism and labour turnover go up.  Actively engaging our employees and other stake holders to drive implementation of all elements of our Mohali Occupational Health and safety Management System through consultation . regard people as our most valuable asset and place the highest priority on protecting them. efforts should be avoid industrial accidents in the interest of workers. Employees at all levels are responsible to work in a safe manner to prevent injury and ill. Moreover. As an integral part of managing the business.health to themselves and their co-workers. training and equipping staff at all levels to ensure they are empowered to prevent unsafe situations/ behaviors and to respond promptly to unexpected events.

Safety committee is constituted of 16 members. Setting targets and monitoring our management systems. The following precautionary steps may be adopted to prevent accidents in the industries: 10) Safety Committee 11) Safety Training 12) Material Handling Equipments 13) Guarding of machines 14) Maintenance of plant 15) Regular Inspection 16) Equipment Redesign 17) Proper Clothing 18) Clean Floors 10) Safety Campaign 1) SAFETY COMMITTEE: Safety committee may be constituted in every plant. It should consist of the representatives of both the management and the workers. In Verka there is provision of the safety committee. It has at least one person from one department these persons are the representatives of the particular department. The member of safety committee can consult with the safety department if there is any problem regarding the safety. We understand our responsibility towards the community and third parties in managing safety. The basic objective of the safety program should be safety and security of the lives. All the safety programs should be implemented through the safety committee. health and welfare of the workers employed therein. We enforce our H&S policy on the third parties operating at our sites and encourage our suppliers and contractors to follow similar standard MEASURES FOR ENSURING INDUSTRIAL SAFETY There should be a Safety Director in every industrial undertaking to design and operate the safety program.  Fostering communication with all stakeholders. .

constructed and used to provide positive protection. prevent access to the danger zones during operations. All objects likely to obstruct the passages meant for movement by workers should be removed. These are of two types one is EOT which can lift 32 tones and the other one is RMG which can lift 40 tones. Dry. 3) MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS: Material handling equipments should be installed to carry bulky materials from one place to another. avoid inconvenience in operation and give protection against unforeseen contingencies. In Verka safety training is given to the employees during Induction program. clean and ventilated store rooms with suitable racks. There is also the provision of big cranes to carry the containers. Besides this when the worker is employed in particular department technical and specific training is given to the employees. In Verka there is proper provision of material handling equipments. 4) GAURDING OF MACHINES: Safety guards should be designed. Passages should not be used to store goods or materials. The machine guarding is done in such a way that the machines may not cause any harm to the workers. shelves. accidental safety etc. . Small cranes are there to carry the raw material to the production area and taking the finished products to the warehouse. The possible causes of accidents should be explained to the new employees and they should be taught habits and motions that will keep them out of danger.2) SAFETY TRAINING: The supervisors should train the new employees in safety methods. 5) MAINTENANCE OF PLANT: The plant should be maintained in good condition. Safety Department considers HIRA (Hazard Identification &Risk Analysis) for the guarding of the machinery. should be provided for keeping electrical and keeping other hazardous equipment. Training programs should also be designed for the supervisors. In Verka there is proper guarding of the machinery. No worker may be required to lift or carry heavy loads which may cause injury. The employees are introduced with the common safety measures which include fire fighting instructions. etc. These are in the form of hard insulated covers provided to the moving or rotating parts of machines.

Under this there is proper maintenance of the plant.In Verka there is Continuous Development & Maintenance Program which is considered for the maintenance of the plant. Equipment. Safety department make regular inspection of different production departments. The time period is different for different machines. Chemicals should be carefully handled. 7) EQUIPMENT REDESIGN: Industrial engineers should be engaged to improve the man-machine system. For the workers working in laboratories aprons are provided. In Verka there is provision of regular inspection by the safety department. Some machines are inspected quarterly some are inspected half yearly and some are inspected once in a year. helmets. The use of articles made of inflammable material must be prohibited while working on operations that involve risk of fire. 6) REGULAR INSPECTION: There should be regular inspection of machines and equipment and electricity cables to check any leakage. masks. In case if the machines are not going to be replaced soon the safety precautions for the workers are increased. etc. All the uniforms and aprons are made of pure cotton and are skin friendly. . In Verka there is a separate Engineering Department which works for redesigning the old machines. 8) PROPER CLOTHING: The workers should be provided with proper clothing and other protective things such as hand gloves. while at work. In Verka full sleeve uniforms are provided to the workers. safety footwear. machinery and work procedures should be redesigned to cut down accident rate. The old machines are replaced with new ones when are not working properly. The clothing should serve a dual purpose of providing convenience as well as protection at work. Overall we can say that all machines are inspected at least once in a year.

‘Work Safety’ and ‘Safely Saves’ are illustrations of the slogans which may be displayed at critical points. the floor is immediately cleaned. Plays are conducted regarding safety. It give the proper education to the employees The department not only spend on safety education. BBS (Behavior Based Safety) program are conducted. Plant with lowest accident rate may be given some reward. but also provide necessary safety equipments and maintain them in good working order.  Safety day is celebrated on 4th March. Some times this celebration goes on for a week or even a month. safety posters making. Hoardings are placed in every corner of the factory so that the workers may remain conscious about the safety. 10) SAFETY CAMPAIGN: Safety program must be given a wide publicity through posters and hoardings. In Verka safety program is given wild publicity. In Verka cleaning system is very good. Floors. This day is celebrated to give the information to the workers about how to handle the situation of fie. . These hoardings contain instructions about the safety. There is mock drill on the fire service day Thus the safety department properly takes care of the safety of the workers and promotes the safety through the campaign. If there is some thing dropped on the floor. passages and stares must be kept clear of obstructions.9) CLEAN FLOORS: There should be no trailing of telephone cables on the floors. the workers can give their suggestions regarding the safety. slogans etc. Apart from this Safety Day and fire service day are celebrated to promote safety. So that workers may not slip or any harm is caused to them. rounds are taken in different departments handling mashall or flags in hands. Like the safety day the completions are conducted but only regarding the fire. On this day various competitions regarding safety are conducted like quiz competition.  Fire service day is celebrated on 14th April. Safety contests may also be held between the plants as a part of the safety campaign.

In the somewhat idiomatic English of a successful teacher. supervisors. 4. and the like is explained and its proper use and care taught in full detail. designed to spread safety consciousness among all including executives. The teaching is systematic and thorough. The employer must not only spend on safety education. displays. T. as goggles. house organs. . 5. d) Correct him until he has it. safety shoes. The safety office plays a vital role in promoting safety consciousness through safety education and training. A safe method of performing each job operation or sequence of operations is developed and described in simple but adequate detail. Every new employee must be given safety training in the first week of his joining and the old employees must be provided with retraining. c) Have him do it. e) Supervise him to see that he keeps it.SAFETY EDUCATION A Safety education program. cartoons. The various hazard points are brought to light and described together with the relationship between these and the various steps in safety method. but also provide necessary safety equipments and maintain them in good working order. b) Show him. Armstrong has outlined five elements of a safety training program which are as follows: 4. The reason for requiring the wearing of personal protective equipment needed. signs. slogans. if any. bulletin boards. hand protectors. 5.O. is necessary and it must have complete support of top management. and safety films. Safety education may be imparted via posters. and operative employees. 6. Specific safeguards needed for the protection of the worker or his fellows are similarly explained and their correct usage taught. it is: a) Tell him.

34) 15) Protection of Eyes (Sec. Sumps.22) 12) Employment of young persons on Dangerous Machines (Sec. The provisions are to be followed by every factory covered by this act. etc.26) 16) Prohibition of Employment of Women and Children near Cotton-openers (Sec.27) 17) Hoists and Lifts (Sec.36A) 18) Explosive or Inflammable Dust. 1948. etc.30) 11) Pressure plant (Sec. The safety provisions as given under the Factories Act described as under: 10) Fencing of machinery (Sec. The requirements prescribed under the act are absolute and are in no way dependent upon previous notice or warning from the Inspector of Factories.40) . Opening in Floors.33) 14) Excessive Weights (Sec.25) 15) Casing of New Machinery (Sec. The provisions dealing with the safety of the workers in different states are supplemented by rules framed by each State Government.38) 20) Power to require Specification of Defective Part or Tests of Stability (Sec.23) 13) Striking Gear and Devices for Cutting of Power (Sec. stairs and Means of Access (Sec.37) 19) Precautions in case of Fire (Sec.29) 10) Revolving Machinery (Sec.SAFETY OF FACTORY WORKERS The safety provisions are contained in section 21 to 41 of the Factories Act. So in relation to a factory in a particular State. Chains.32) 13) Pits. Ropes and Lifting Tackles (Sec. the rules of the Government of the state must be referred to.35) 16) Precautions against Dangerous Fumes (Sec. (Sec.24) 14) Self acting Machine (Sec. Gas.36) 17) Precautions regarding the use of Portable Light (Sec.31) 12) Floors. They are obligatory in their character. (Sec.28) 18) Lifting Machines.39) 21) Safety of Buildings and Machinery (Sec.21) 11) Work on or near machinery in motion (Sec.

it is necessary to examine any part of the machinery while it is in motion.22) Maintenance of Buildings (Sec.23): No young person shall work at any machine unless he has been fully instructed as to be dangers arising in connection with the machine and the precautions to be observed and: c) Has received sufficient training in work at machine.40A) 23) Safety Officers (Sec. motor or rotary converter. 2) WORK ON OR NEAR MACHINERY IN MOTION (SEC. The examination and lubrication of the machinery. 4) STRIKING GEAR AND DEVICES FOR CUTTING OFF POWER (SEC. 3) EMPLOYMENT OF YOUNG PERSONS ON DANGEROUS MACHINES (SEC. lubricate or adjust any part of a prime-mover or of transmission machinery while it is in motion.40B) 24) Power to Make Rules (Sec. the head-race and tail-race of every water wheel and water turbine. should be carried out only be a specially trained adult worker wearing tight-fitting clothing. Such a worker is not allowed to handle a belt at a moving pulley unless the belt is less than fifteen cm.41) 1) FENCING OF MACHINERY (SEC. women and young children are not allowed to clean.24): . every part of transmission machinery-must be securely fenced by safeguards of substantial construction. every dangerous part of any machinery-every moving part of a prime mover and every flywheel connected to prime-mover. in width and the belt-joint is either laced or flush with belt. if it is likely to expose her or him to risk to injury from any moving part.21): In every factory.22): With a view to secure the safety of the workers. The State Government is empowered to frame rules in this regard. or d) Is under adequate supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge and experience of the machine. and every part of an electric generator.

27): No women or child shall be employed in any part of a factory where pressing cotton-opener is at work: provided that if the feed end of a cotton opener is in a room separated from the delivery end by a partition extending to the roof or to such height as the inspector may in particular case specify in writing. encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger.In every factory: c) Suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliances shall be provided and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulleys which form part of the transmission machinery. women and children may be employed on the side of the partition where the feed end is situated.25): No traversing part of a selfacting machine in any factory and no material carried thereon shall be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of eighteen inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine. 6) CASING OF NEW MACHINERY (SEC.26): In all machinery driven by power and installed in any factory: c) Every set screw. placed and maintained as to prevent the belt from creeping back on to the fast pulley. 7) PROHIBITION OF EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN NEAR COTTON-OPENERS (SEC. bolt or key on any revolving shaft. 5) SELF-ACTING MACHINES (SEC. d) All spur. worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased. . d) Driving belts when not in use shall not be allowed to rest or ride upon shaft in motion. unless it is so situated as it would be if it were completely encased. spindle wheel or pinion shall be so sunk. and such gear or appliances shall be constructed.

 Properly maintained and shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of six months. 10) REVOLVING MACHINERY (SEC. whether fixed or movable. . and  thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every period of twelve months.  properly maintained.8) HOISTS AND LIFTS (SEC.29): In every factory. rope and lifting tackle for the purpose of raising or lowering persons. ROPES AND LIFTING TACKLES (SEC.28): In every factory: a) Every hoist and lift shall be:  of good mechanical construction. b) Every hoist way and lift way shall be sufficiently protected by an enclosure Fitted with gates. be loaded beyond the safe working load which shall be plainly marked thereon together with an identification mark and duly entered in the prescribed register. or Every lifting machine and every chain. including the working gear.30): In every room in a factory in which the process of gridding is carried on. rope or lifting tackle shall. 9) LIFTING MACHINES. there shall be permanently affixed to or placed near each machine in use a notice indicating the maximum safe working peripheral speed of every grindstone or abrasive wheel. sound material and adequate strength. and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be so Constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any Part of the hoist or thing and any fixed structure or moving part. goods or materials: a) All parts. CHAINS. rope or lifting tackle shall be:  of good construction. except for the purpose of test. and the diameter of the pulley upon such shaft or spindle necessary to secure such safe working peripheral speed. sound material and adequate strength and free from defects. the following provisions shall be complied with in respect of every lifting machine and every chain. b) no lifting machine and no chain.

35): In respect of any such manufacturing process carried on in any factory as may be prescribed. passage and gangways shall be of sound construction and properly maintained and shall be kept free from obstruction and substances likely to cause persons to slip and where it is necessary to ensure safety.34): No person shall be employed in any factory to lift. adolescent and children employed in factories or in any class or description of factories or in a carrying on any specified process.31): If in any factory. fixed vessel. or d) Risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive light. any part of the plant or machinery used in a manufacturing process is operated at a pressure above atmospheric pressure. is or may be a source of danger shall be either securely covered or securely fenced. STAIRS. . ETC.32): In every factory. by reason of its depth. OPENING IN FLOORS. carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause him injury. pit or opening in the ground or in a floor which. the State Government may be rules require that effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed on. The State Government may make rules prescribed the maximum weights may be lifted. 13) PITS. AND MEANS OF ACCESS (SEC.(SEC. all floors. 15) PROTECTION OF EYES (SEC. sump. 12) FLOORS. steps. carried or moved by adult men. stairs. being a process which involves: c) risk of injury to the eyes from particles thrown off in the course of the process. effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure of such part is not exceeded. construction or contents. situation. passage and gangways shall be provided with substantial handrails. steps. or in the immediate vicinity of the process. 14) EXCESSIVE WEIGHTS (SEC. tank.33): In every factory. stairs. adult women.11) PRESSURE PLANT (SEC. SUMPS.

vat. tank. vat. the free end of which is held by a person standing outside the confined space. no person shall enter or be permitted to enter any chamber. no lamp light other than that of flameproof construction shall be permitted to be used therein.16) PRECAUTIONS AGAINST DANGEROUS FUMES (SEC. tank. vat. all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent any such explosion by: d) effective enclosure or the plant of machinery used in the process. GAS. gas. The worker is wearing suitable breathing apparatus and a belt securely attached to a rope. (SEC. fume or vapors of such character and to such extent as to be likely to explode on ignition. pit. pipe. tank. that the space is free from dangerous fumes and fit for persons to enter. ETC. vat. 18) EXPLOSIVE OR INFLAMMABLE DUST. flue or other confined space in which dangerous fumes are likely tube present to such an extent as to involve risk of persons being overcome thereby. II. based on a test carried out by himself. unless it is provided with a manhole of adequate size or effective means of either. flue or other confined space. chamber. pit.37): Where in any factory any manufacturing process produces dust. and d) If any inflammable gas. 17) PRECAUTIONS REGARDING THE USE OF PORTABLE LIGHT (SEC. fume or dust is likely to be present in such chamber. or. I.36A): In every factory: c) no portable electric light or any other electric appliance of voltage exceeding twenty-four volts shall be permitted for use inside any chamber. flue or other confined space.36): c) In any factory. . tank. boiler flue. a certificate in writing has been given by a competent person. d) No person shall be permitted to enter any boiler furnace. pipe or other confined space for the purpose of working or making any examination therein until it has been sufficiently cooled by ventilation or otherwise to be safe for persons to enter. pipe.

21) SAFETY OF BUILDINGS AND MACHINERY (SEC. he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing requiring him before a specified date: a) To furnish such drawings. unless they are of the sliding type. gas. machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it may be dangerous to .40): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways. fume or vapors. machinery or plant be used with safety. and all such doors. h) There shall be provided in every factory effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in case of fire to every person employed in the factory. door or exit affording a means of escape in case of fire. 19) PRECAUTIONS IN CASE OF FIRE (SEC. other than the means of exit in ordinary use. shall be constructed to open outwards. g) In every factory every window. or b) To carry out such tests in such manner as may be specified in the order. 20) POWER TO REQUIRE SPECIFICATION OF DEFECTIVE PART OR TESTS OF STABILITY (SEC. specifications and other particulars as may be necessary to determine whether such building.e) removal or prevention of the accumulation of such dust. f) In every factory the doors affording exit from any room shall not be locked or fastened so that they cannot be easily and immediately opened from the inside while any person is within the room. machinery or plant in a factory is in such a condition that it may be dangerous to human life or safety. ways.38): e) In every factory there shall be provided such means of escape in case of fire as may be prescribed. and to inform the Inspector of the results thereof. f) Exclusion or effective enclosure of all possible sources of ignition.39): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any part of the ways. shall be distinctively marked in language understood by the majority of the workers and in red letters of adequate size or by some other effective and clearly understood sign.

qualifications and conditions of service of safety officers shall be such as may be prescribed by the State Government. It covers the aspects like general profile of the respondents. and requiring them to be carried out before a specified date.40A): If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building in a factory is in such a state of disrepair as is likely to lead to conditions detrimental to the health and welfare of the workers. any manufacturing process or operation is carried on.40B): In every factory: d) Wherein. f) The duties. Chapter no. which process or operation involves any risk of bodily injury.41): The State Government may make rules requiring the provision in any factory or in any class or description of factories of such further devices and measures for securing the safety of persons employed therein as it may deem necessary. one thousand or more workers are ordinarily employed. or any other hazard to health. he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion would be taken and requiring the same to be carried out before such date as is specified in the order. Mohali. in the opinion of the State Government.human life or safety. 23) SAFETY OFFICERS (SEC. he may serve on the occupier or manager or both of the factory an order in writing specifying the measures which in his opinion should be adopted. 24) POWER TO MAKE RULES (SEC. or e) Wherein. 22) MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS (SEC. their degree of satisfaction in different areas.3 Data analysis & Interpretation The analysis and discussion tells us about job satisfaction at Verka milk Plant Ltd. poisoning or disease. to the persons employed in the factory. .

(1) (2) Parameter Yes No Total No of Respondents 18 2 20 Percentage 90% 10% 100% Percentage 10% Yes No 90% . It deals with age and gender.General profile of respondents This section gives the general profile of respondents as obtained from the data collected through survey. QUESTIONNAIRE FOR HEALTH & SAFETY Question 1:-Is there proper floor cleaning system in Verka? Answer:Serial no.

INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about floor cleaning system in Verka 90% says yes it is proper and 10% no it is not proper table shows the percentage of all responses. Question 3:-Is there proper fencing of the machinery? .2 Is there proper ventilation in the different production areas in Mohali? Serial no. Q. (1) (2) Parameter Yes No Total No of Respondents 16 4 20 Percentage 80% 20% 100% Percentage 20% Yes No 80% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about ventilation in the different production areas Verka 80% says yes it is proper and 20% no it is not proper table shows the percentage of all responses.

.Answer:- Serial no. (1) (2) Parameter Yes No Total No of Respondents 18 2 20 Percentage 90% 10% 100% Percentage 10% Yes No 90% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about fencing of the machinery 90% says yes it is proper and 10% says no it is not proper table shows the percentage of the responses.

Question 4:-Is there proper arrangement of replacing the defective parts of the machinery and proper repairing? Answer:- Serial no. 80% says yes it is proper and 20% says no it is not proper table shows the percentage . (1) (2) Parameter Yes No Total No of Respondents 16 4 20 Percentage 80% 20% 100% Percentage 20% Yes No 80% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about arrangement of replacing the defective parts of the machinery and proper repairing.

of the responses. .

(1) (2) Parameter Yes No Total No of Respondents 14 6 20 Percentage 70% 30% 100% Percentage 30% Yes No 70% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the satisfaction from the facilities provided to you 70% says yes they are satisfied and 30% says they are not satisfied proper table shows the percentage of the responses.Question 5:-Are there you satisfied from the facilities provided to you? Answer:- Serial no. .

Results are shown in the table.30% said that it is excellent 8 i.40% said that it is very good 2 i.10% said that it is good and 4 i.e.Question 6:-How well the fire fighting system of Verka is? Answer:- Serial no. Question 7:-What do you think about the arrangement of providing the first aid in case of injury? . (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 6 8 2 4 Percentage 30% 40% 10% 20% 20 100% Percentage 20% 0% 30% Excellent Very good good 10% Moderate Poor 40% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the fire fighting system in Verka 6 i.20% considers it moderate.e.e.e.

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 10 6 2 2 Percentage 50% 30% 10% 10% 20 100% Percentage 10% 10% 0% Excellent Very good good 50% Moderate Poor 30% .Answer:- Serial no.

Results are shown in the table.50% said that it is excellent 6 i. .30% said that it is very good 10% said that it is good and 10% considers it moderate.INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the first aid provision in Verka 10 i.e.e.

Question 8:-How well safety officers perform their duties? Answer:- Serial no. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 12 4 3 1 Percentage 60% 20% 15% 5% 20 100% Percentage 15% 5% 0% Excellent Very good good Moderate Poor 20% 60% .

Results are shown in the table .15% said that it is good and 1 i.e.e.e.e.5% considers it moderate.60% said that it is excellent 4 i.INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the performance of the safety officers in Verka 12 i.20% said that it is very good 3 i.

Question 9:-How will you rate the factory as a work place? Answer:- Serial no. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 15 3 1 1 Percentage 75% 15% 5% 5% 0% 20 100% .

5% said that it is good and 1 i.e.15% said that it is very good 1 i. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 10 6 2 2 Percentage 50% 30% 10% 10% 0% 20 100% . Question 10:-How will you rate the Safety system of Verka? Answer:- Serial no.Percentage 5% 15% 5% 0% Excellent Very good good Moderate 75% Poor INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the factory as work place 15 i.5% considers it moderate.e.75% said that it is excellent 3 i.e. Results are shown in the table.e.

e.50% said that it is excellent 6 i.e.e.30% said that it is very good 2 i. 10% said that it is good and 2 i.e. Results are shown in the table Question 11:-How will you rate the behavior of the senior officers? Answer:- . 10% considers it moderate.Percentage 10% 10% 0% Excellent Very good good 50% Moderate Poor 30% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the safety system in Verka 10 i.

30% said that it is excellent. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Parameter Excellent Very good Good Moderate Poor Total No of Respondents 6 8 3 2 1 20 Percentage 30% 40% 15% 10% 5% 100% Percentage 10% 15% 5% 30% Excellent Very good good Moderate Poor 40% INTERPRETATION:-Out of 20 employees surveyed who were asked about the lighting system in Verka 6 i.e.Serial no.40% said that it is .e. 8 i.

3 i.5%considers it poor .e. When the employees were asked about the performance of the safety officers in Verka .30% said that it is excellent.40% said that it is very good . Egron. Most of the workers are satisfied from the working conditions in the Mohali.60% said that it is excellent . About the fire fighting system in Verka 30% workers said that it is excellent . Powder Filling Plant... Fresh Milk Reception.40% said that it is very good.very good.10% considers it moderate. HR etc in the Verka we come to the result that 80% workers are satisfied from the ventilation system in the production areas and 20% says that it should be more improved.4 FINDING & CONCLUSION From the data collected from the various departments Milk Operations.15% said that it is good and .15% said that it is good and 2 i.30% said that it is very good 10% said that it is good and 10% considers it moderate. Culinary. About the behavior of senior officers in Verka . 90% says that there is proper fencing of machinery and 10% want more improvement 70% workers says that they are satisfied from the facilities given to them by the Verka but 30%says that there should be more facilities regarding Health & Safety.20% considers it moderate. 75% workers say that there is proper provision of protecting eyes and 25% workers don’t think so.50% said that it is excellent .20% said that it is very good . 15% said that it is good and 10% considers it moderate..e. 5% considers it moderate. Chapter no . Results are shown in the table.10% said that it is good and .e. .5%considers it poor In the end we can say that the overall percentage of the satisfaction of the workers from the provisions regarding health and safety is higher than dissatisfaction. Accounts. About the first aid provision in Verka . 1 i. Warehouse.

.M.M to 5 P. There is only a permanent Pharmacist.  The medicines in the first aid box were being misused  The doctor in the dispensary is not permanent.OBSERVATIONS During the training period some shortcomings were observed which are listed below: Grass in the lawns is not cut in time it is cut when the grass is grown like a field.  There were mosquitoes in the area where the milk is unloaded in the storage tanks and is supplied to different areas.  There is not the provision of dispensary services during the night shifts it is only from 8 A.  Employees spend more time for the checkup  There is not any system for monitoring the time spent by the workers for checkup.

 Sewerage storage area should be covered separate .  Grassy lawn should be properly maintained  Regular cleaning should be done in training department  Mosquito killing spray should be used in drainage area.5 SUGGESTIONS & RECCOMMDATION There are some suggestions that can be given for the improvement  There should be some medical facilities available for night shift.Chapter no. and two employees from each department should be well-trained for providing first aid  To monitor the time spend for the medical checkup one should enter the arrival and departure time in the punch machine time while going for checkup.  There should be provision of permanent doctor in the dispensary so that instant critical situation can be handled  Shift officer should have a control on the consumption of the consumption of the medicines in the first aid box  No one should be allowed to visit dispensary without medical slip signed by the shift officer.

.google. DHANPAT RAI & CO.6 BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS • T. 479-497.Mohali.com/ • http://www.in/ . WEBSITES • http://www. 2007.N.Chapter no . HUMAN RESOURSE MANAGEMENT Concepts & issues.CHHABRA.

ANNEXURE Question 1:-Is there proper floor cleaning system in Verka? Ans: a) Yes b) No Question 2:-Is there proper ventilation in the different production areas in Verka? Ans: a) Yes b) No Question 3:-Is there proper fencing of the machinery? Ans: a) Yes b) No Question 4:-Is there proper arrangement of replacing the defective parts of the machinery and proper repairing? Ans: a) Yes b) No Question 5:-Are there you satisfied from the facilities provided to you? Ans: a) Yes b) No Question 6:-How well the fire fighting system of Verka is? Ans: a) Excellent b) Very good c) Good d) Moderate e) Poor Question 7:-What do you think about the arrangement of providing the first aid in case of injury? Ans: a) Excellent b) Very good c) Good d) Moderate e) Poor Question 8:-How well safety officers perform their duties? Ans: a) Excellent b) Very good c) Good d) Moderate e) Poor Question 9:-How will you rate the factory as a work place? Ans: a) Excellent b) Very good c) Good d) Moderate e) Poor Question 10:-How will you rate the Safety system of Verka? Ans: a) Excellent b) Very good c) Good d) Moderate e) Poor .

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