Introduction to IPR - Copy | Intellectual Property | Patent

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What is Intellectual Property?

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Definition

Intellectual property (IP) is the name given to property arising out of human intellectual effort.

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4 © 2009 Session 1 .The output of human intellectual effort often manifests itself as new or original knowledge or creative expression which adds a desirable quality to a marketable product or service.

in one way or another. 5 © 2009 Session 1 . enhance the quality of life.Various elements provide intellectual output with attributes that.

6 © 2009 Session 1 . to satisfy a human need or want. social. spiritual or religious.These Elements may involve in solving a technical problem in making something with more desirable functional qualities. cultural. mental. or result in creating something aesthetically pleasing. be it sensory.

literary. Designs used in commerce. Artistic works. Names. Images.Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind: Inventions. 7 © 2009 Session 1 . Symbols.

8 © 2009 Session 1 .Characteristics of IP A key characteristic of any property is that the owner of property has the exclusive authority to determine how that property is used.

Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) 9 © 2009 Session 1 .

Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) In both the case the owner has exclusive right to determine how it is used. 10 © 2009 Session 1 .

Can be used by various people at the same time (including the owner or creator).Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Can only be used by one or a limited number of people at a given time. 11 © 2009 Session 1 .

12 © 2009 Session 1 . Has economic value only for the duration specified in the laws and as long as there is demand for it.Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Has economic value as long as it exists or as long as there is demand for it.

13 © 2009 Session 1 .Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Possibility of theft and disputes concerning ownership is rather limited. Greater possibility of theft and disputes concerning ownership.

14 © 2009 Session 1 . without permission of the owner or creator.Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Theft occurs only if the possession of the property changes hands. etc. Theft occurs if the property is copied. used. imitated. translated. displayed. adapted.

Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) In both the cases Expenditure or income from the property may be subject to taxation. 15 © 2009 Session 1 .

Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Both the properties May be valued and reflected on account books and balance sheets. 16 © 2009 Session 1 .

Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Both the properties May be securitized and used as collateral for borrowing money 17 © 2009 Session 1 .

18 © 2009 Session 1 .Physical Property (Tangible or Material) Intellectual Property (Intangible or Immaterial) Both the properties May be insured.

Intellectual Property Industrial Property Patents Trade Mark Industrial Designs Trade Secrets Geographic Indications Copyright Literary Works Artistic Works 19 © 2009 Session 1 .

which is a product or a process that provides a new and non-obvious way of doing something. or offers a new and non-obvious technical solution to a problem. 20 © 2009 Session 1 .Patents A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention.

000 UK pounds a day on royalties. During the period of validity of the patent the inventor obtained 148. Session 1 .Patents Example: Ring-pull Cans The inventor licensed the system to Coca-Cola at 1/10 of a penny per can.

Trade Mark A trademark is a sign or any combination of signs. 22 © 2009 Session 1 . capable of distinguishing a product or service from other products or services on the market.

texture and/or materials of the product itself and/or its ornamentation. contours. in particular. colours. the lines.Industrial Designs An industrial design (or simply a design) is the appearance of the whole or part of a product resulting from features of. 23 © 2009 Session 1 . shape.

Trade Secrets Trade secrets or confidential business information are any information that can be used in the operation of a business and that is sufficiently valuable and secret to afford economic advantage over others. 24 © 2009 Session 1 .

Geographic Indications A geographical indication is a sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or reputation that are due to their place of origin. 25 © 2009 Session 1 .

software. music. films or songs. instruction manuals. literary works.Copyright Copyright describes a bundle of rights given to creators in relation to their literary and artistic works. drawings. maps. photographs. 26 © 2009 Session 1 . databases. architecture. sculptures. advertisements. It protects items such as paintings. technical documentation.

Many IP Rights A single product may be protected by a variety of different IP rights e. CD Player.g. 27 © 2009 Session 1 .One Product.

28 © 2009 Session 1 . The embedded computer programme The innovative technical features of the product are controlling the operations are protected by COPYRIGHTS.CD Player protected by a series of PATENTS. The aesthetic design of CD Player can be protected by INDUSTRIAL DESIGN.

the manufacturers probably hold a numbers of TRADE SECRETS ranging from their customer list to some of manufacturing processes or to other confidential information that they would not want to disclose to the competitors.CD Player TRADEMARK. 29 © 2009 Session 1 . The Brand used to market it can be protected as a In addition.

30 © 2009 Session 1 . thus acquiring additional income from the LICENCE.CD Player In addition. the inventors of CD chose to grant the authorization (or LICENCE) to a number of companies to use the CD technology in exchange of Payment. each one of this elements through IP Protection. The inventors of innovative products can obtain exclusivity to use. or prohibit others from using.

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