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Sewing Machine 605

Sewing Machine 605

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Published by Birger Reith

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Published by: Birger Reith on Feb 12, 2012
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  • * To Adjust Bobbin Winding Device
  • * Tilting Spool for Prevention of Thread Tangling
  • * To Adjust Pressure of Pressr Bar to Cloth
  • * To Regulate Thread Tensions
  • *To Regulate Thread Tension
  • cloth guide

Super Automatic Full Zigzag
This is the highest quality super automatic full zigzag sewing machine which has the following superior features. 1. Zigzag width of 7 mm. (0.28 inch) will enhance the beauty of zigzag patterns. 2. Super pattern elongator will give you a good few super pattern variations. 3. Buttonhole device is built-in and a quantity of attatchments will facilitate many practical sewing applications. 4. Free arm is ideal for stitching cuffs and sleeves, decorative bands. and other tubular areas. 5. Chainstitching device will be found useful for many sewing jobs. 6. Rotary shutHle, which is free from thread jamming trouble, will increase sewing speed and offer you quiet sewing.


I I-s0= Q



NAMES OF PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ................. 4 24 PATTERN CAM S ..............................................6 TO USE SEW ING GUIDE ....... ..................................... .. 7 PRIMARY PREPARATION FOR SEWING ........................... 8.......8 TO ATTACH EXTENSION PLATE ...............................................8 TO USE SEW LIGHT 9............... TO USE FOOT CONTROL ............. ........................... 9 CORRECT NEEDLE AND THREAD FOR CORRECT CLOTH ... 10 TO SEE IF NEEDLE IS BENT OR BLUNT....... -- ............ -- ...... 10 . TO INSERT NEEDLE ... ............. ............. 11 TO WIND BOBBIN .............................................. 12 * To Adjust Bobbin Winding Device ......................... 13 TO INSERT BOBBIN INTO BOBBIN CASE ....................... ......... 14 TO INSERT BOBBIN CASE INTO MACHINE ............. ...... ...15 TO THREAD NEEDLE ............................................... 16 * Tilting Spool for Prevention of Thread Tangling .... .............. 16 TO DRAW UP LOWER THREAD ...........................-.......-....---. 18 TO SEW STRAIGHT SEAM ..... ......................................... 19 TO START TO SEW ................. ............. ................. 20 TO TURN CORNER ................................... 21 To Adjust Pressure of Presser Bar to Cloth ........... ............... 21 TO FINISH SEAM. ..... .......................................... 22 * To Regulate Thread Tensions ..................... .... ... ...... 23 TO SEW TUBULAR AREAS ............. .................................. 24 APPLICATIONS OF FREE ARM FEATURE ........... ................. 25 TO SEW CHAIN STITCH SEAM.................... ......................... 28 TO INSERT CHAIN LOOPER ...................... ......... 29 TO THREAD FOR CHAINSTITCHING ...................................... 30 * To Regulate Thread Tension .............................................. 30 TO FINISH SEAM ... ... ........ ............... .......... .... ...31 TO LOCK THREAD ............. ............ .............. ........ 31 TO REMOVE SEAM ................. ......................... 32 CORRECTION OF SKIPPED STITCHES ............................ 32 TO CHANGE FROM CHAINSTITCHING TO LOCK STITCHING .................................--........... 32 APPLICATIONS OF CHAINSTITCHING ..... .--- ................. 33 ZIGZAG SEWING ............................................... 34 Thread Tension for Zigzag Sewing ........ ............-.... 35


AUTOMATIC ZIGZAG PATTERN SEWING ............................... 36 SUPER PATTERN ELONGATOR ...... .......................... 37 TO CHANGE PATTERN CAMS ........................... ..... 38 TWIN NEEDLE SEWING ................................ 39 INSERT CAM PATTERNS ......... ....................... 40 PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS ...... .......................... 44 BUTTONHOLE SEWING. ................................ 44 To Adjust Buttonhole Stitches ................................ 46 CLOTH GUIDE ................................ 47 BUTTON SEWING ............................ 48 HEMMING ................................ 50 SEWING ON ZIP ................................ 52 QUILTING. ................................ 53 BLIND STITCH HEMMING ................................ 54 APPLIQUE ................................ 56 BRAID SEWING. ................................ 57 STRETCH MATERIAL SEWING ......... ....................... 58 MATTING or DRAWN STITCHES ................................ 59 FRINGING ............. 60 SCALLOPING .................. 62............. PIN TUCKING ........... ........... ........ 64 SHELL TUCKING .................. 65 SMOCKING ................................ 66 FAGOTING. ........... ,.,.67 INTERFACING .. ........ 6. LACE EDGING ......... 68 EMBROIDERING .................. 69 FILLING STITCH .. ............-. , , ,. 70 MULTIPLE STITCH ZIGZAG SEWING or TRICOT STITCH ... 71 TO KEEP YOUR MACHINE IN THE BEST CONDITION ..... -- ... 72 TO OIL MACHINE.......... ...........----.................... 72 TO CLEAN FEED TEETH .................. ,.,. 74 TO DISMANTLE AND CLEAN SHUTTLE RACE-............ ......... 75 TO ADJUST MOTOR BELT TENSION ............................ ......... 78 UNSATISFACTORY CONDITIONS: CAUSES AND REMEDIES ..... 79


l ..s.NAMES OF PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS c . wymtra iI cwSial 0.. . i-rtE r !.I bar .19fs pl. bapOttod I! I press.caim mptfiment lid pi-~~'" pl. (thread g uldes - height of feed teeth is selctIed willi this knob.read cutte srew thumb needl >2 scf clamp screwSUitable . Q tzgfo teeth eed 2. a.verage end ZIQC 4 \l tee feed needle plate hole needle liagte(r 1 . he...finishing button s_wing erodery darning egto WQ.

Itef.nob l i 0 1 3 5 7 -~ndP4 ~vrlt> * so stitch length at -u- ..direction a 4 ~~01 2 3 4 ad change stitch length 1 P Os40thold thia k.~~ tw~.<~e~1l ~ ~tec>ir Positions och ~universal dial needle 4j STRAIGHT TWIN OFF >'t~ straight Stitch twin needle soing ---- buttonhole sewing I *O cam exchange 2. A-~~~~ L.~ .d change zigzag wIdth 2i92.er atr 4 ton turn in direction setat centre. turn in .*3*2 S Lid opens. W.ttt.g ~~d.

24 PATTERN CAMS The 24 ihsert pattern cams will enable you to sew beautiful decorative patterns. . Also they are useful in miany sewing applications.


The sewing guide will tell you how to set the machine at a glance. See the desired pattern in the lower square window and set the controls according to the numbers shown in the round windows. Also select the sewing foot according to the diustration shown in the upper square window. 7

Before you begin to sew, learn primary preparation for sewing, i.e., -CORRECT NEEDLE AND TIIREAD FOR CORRECT CLOTIH", TO THREAD NEEDLE", etc.

catch A 1. Turnt down tire extensio<n plhte rupport legs with the left hand t -t 2. Slidc the extlension plate in carefully to the rigit, allowing the cateh A to , ,y,i cringage in thte corresponding hiole in the free arm and thc pin B in the hole at [ihe left crid of the free arm.




pin Bt


Turn down legs.

Case of ~ eacrt PO9


spotsr plate

MS, ~awng

f1 s



Sewight is connected directl v
to the maiin supplY lead of the

machine when the motol plug
is inserted inito the connector.

This results in the light acting as a 55arning when the machille i, coriecteld to the electiricit suppl-.

To change the electric bulb, swing open the face plate, Then the bulb can be unscrewed, \ In the caseof bayonet type bulb, remilove the bulb by slighitly pushing it upward and twisting it antiPclockwise, and then place a new bulb by fitting the pins on the bulb against the slot, pushing upward and twisting it clockwise,




Place the foot control in such a position that your foot rests con>fortably on it. Press the foot control while curning the balance wheel lowards you with your right hand-. You control the speed of Ithe machine with tie foot control lisht pressure gning low speed and harder pressure higiler speed.

brd run



Needles No. No. i Cloth Size of Threads No. 80-100 cotton thread or fine silk thread. No 60-I10 cottok thread or s)il thread. orditiary sdk thread. No. 40-60 cotton thiread or ordinary silk thread.

9 Thin} calico. silk, serge and muslin.

crepe de Ch1ine, hlosiery and grdinay
silk. Ordinary cotton cloth, tliiik silk, thin woollen goods.





No. 14 No. 16

towels and shinintig.


TIick cotton cloth, serge and thin woollen goods.

No. 30-60 cotton thread or ordinary silk tliread.

No. I8 Twini

Ordinary woollen goods trousers, over-coats, thiick calico) anid chiildren's clothkes, Calico,
cloth goods. anid

No 06ctonlradf N.3-0cto hedo ordinary silk thiread.
No. 40-80 cotton thiread or ordinary silk thread.

Needle No. 14
N. 1..



serge, cottonl

SS 4 ersey tricot and all synthietic scarfed stretch materials.


No. 50-100 nylon thiread, or Not IhrSa sik or cottod,
otton threacl, if


god 1 piality


abtc. to avoid


10 or tat piate lass






not it .. 3. Tuirn the tlat sidle of the nieedle to the hack..1l out to . is not. c . hook the needle .. hInsert the needlle as highi as it will go until it hits pin. 'lighiten thle needle clamp scewex * if the needi. 5.. Raise thle needle and the take-up lever both to thecir hiighiest poinit. .. 4. Loosen the needle clamip screw..r. or d. uPper thred breskinq..tti.av reultA cock.. slItigrt fml il.psce i. 3. ny f. akipped Ititches aere •If tse needle break titea.TO INSERT NEEDLE Iiisert the needle in the order of 1.. dorrtly. a ment 11eedl. and 5.rrtag to the eh. 2.. 4. 2. I.

Run the machine until the bobbin winder spindle stops tuming. hread. Depress the bobbin winder spindle so that the bobbin cngages the bobbin presser. Pull the spindle towards you to the original position in order to connect the stitcling mechanism. 3.TO WIND BOBBIN 1 Place a spool of thread on the pool pin on thc back of the arm. Pass the end of the thread through one of the holes in the bobbin (C). dO r> 12 . rhen cut the free end of the thread. Then place (tic bobbin on the bobbin winder spiidle with the notch of the bobbin againist the spring of the spindle. sorte bi t l or t Porbl winder Whlt4 runolog Tha machine. press the foot control to wind the thread a little. Then take out the bobbin from the spindle and cut thi thread. 4. This disengages the stitching mechanism automatically. Pass tIhe thread thirough the thread guides (A) and (B). Cut thread. 2. Holding the end of the thircad.

raise the thread guide slightly. lower the bobbin winder thread guide Loosen the screw. slightly.* To Adjust Bobbin Winding Device 0 correctly wound ~~~~S L Loosen Lo-we r. After edjpsstrenl A tnread guide.' ~ screw Loosen the screw. tighter io rhe screw fhrmly reser Ine 13 .

\'\out.TO INSERT BOBBIN INTO BOBBIN CASE 1.hbobbin wound. the bobbin is retained in the bobbin case and will not drop + _ _ _ tension spning - \ latch \ Hold latch open. Plate nbobbn fs .r~~~hread -C---. - 4. delivery eye 14 . the bobbin into the ease when the tliread is 1< slot of the bobbin_cas. While the latch is held open. slot 3. Pull the thread under the tenIdelivery eye.) sion spring and thien into the XUf . tDras about four inches of thread througi the delivery eye.

. 7. llold tlic..v she. .eakihl. th. 6. h th.oit ih ". Open the shuttle cover loeards y(w ope. M11 dlop cot ard the 'oft. aho xha hoi." A a a 5.. Unless the bobbi. sh. 1.. at it. u.h`leh 7 8.. llobblh Cas. a.. T1w bcklbio 1-1se ahd the sh U'th' it e. efit.d b.e.se i.TO INSERT BOBBIN CASE INTO MACHINE 5. sh. Ttirri the balance whed towar& you tintil the needle bat i. aild place it on the centre pin willi tile bobbill case ringer in tile noteli at tlyc top of the Slitittic mce -T. Release the latell ind press the bobbin casc iiito the Aluttle usitil the latell catches oti the eciitre Iiin witli a click.til. its hlght point.ttl. .1.e th.1 he kept ' J-. liigliest point. Co.sehrod hef.. le ha.dl. bobbin caw by the latcli..

base 2.) 2 5~~~ Os Pass the thread in the order from 1 to 8. Pull the spool pin base off the machine arm. 16 . Tilt the base downward until the pin fits into the lower cut.TO THREAD NEEDLE (See next page. XI sp0Cl pi. * & Tilting Spool for Prevention of Thread Tangling +-et------__ It is recommended that the spool pin base is tilted to prevent the thread Iorn tangling.

/ 9 _ + = = 7 ~~~~~~~~thr7/k / up )g I thread \ 3 thread g h. l I7 17 . pmsth. eve of >~~~~~~~~~~~~8 needle Run the thread through left needle bar thread guide. / .d h.ketup bl. pt ake up e.dke p srig 5 hole In the .esd wi authmatiellY Ipss through end under the tension thg.udiduide / Pull. Drw about sIx inches of thread through the eye of the needle.e. di..in bentwe 3 threed I hile holding th pool wth the right _________ ~~~~guard.spol 2 thread guide 4 thrcd ens on regulator a .. Y d f.onn ie right and pull It up. I e W doing. tho th.

d5.TO DRAW UP LOWER THREAD 1 1loid the end of the upper thread with your let hand. then stop upper threadthe balance wheel. {~~~~~<~ e thmadn 2. tra 5r. thcii the lower thrcad will be brought up from the needle -hole in a loop. Turn the balance wheel towards you slowly until the needle and the take-up lever move down and up again. \\upperthreadf pwil S Lower thread be brought up In a loop. Pull the upper thread slowly.re 1 a:! 18 18 .il t. 3. PulI both ends of the threads from under the pnvtscr foot and place them away from you.

Set the cam and dials as per the diagram (left).~~~~~~05 1 25 tj t 19 . Select deSired stitch length \ w 9.TO SEW STRAIGHT SEAM * Sewing preparation: S l It is so easy to sew straight seams with this highly advanced machine.

3 Lower the presser toot and start sewing. and push h5ack the lever (A) to its place. upper t 1- prsr footrte h 20 .1Toon Ct _#needle plate.'IertA. pull the lever (A) to the left.t:.. t o1 \\Pull levere le ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Iot>9 4>bl _s / _ d ~~~~~~~you your right liand slowly with ~~~~~~to allow the needle to penetrate / hread upper tread tile point swing. frorn which to start 2 Turn the bialance wdeei towards lower thr~t low r thrriez Lower needle. Then turn the plate. C Pusb. / / s t lt Tt H \ vi~~~~~~~~o.ttb hs |\\i Lower t. depress the top of the needle plate with your f-inger thus raise the bottom hialf of the needle plate. .r> \~~~ t.TO START TO SEW r.1_.ia4u4lrb1s i t2 tO < >. Select the needle hole for straight sewing by the folltowing methed... First. adjust the hole (B) in the needle plate to the pin (C). e o.<oa .

Ior sewing heavier I I_ _ iI i_ \ i cloth. 21 . I<or sewing very thin cloth. * To Adjust Pressure of Pressr Bar to Cloth fhe pressure of the presser bar to the clotil should be adjusted according to thickness of the cloth. push it down unrther to give inore * tufticiunt pressure ry cau i 5 o pnssure It lth cloothl Si.Icitv In . 1. release the presTo sure. lower the presser foot and start to sew again. push the topl of the bar (B) lightly to give tie wequired |Psh down ring. presser 2. 2.TO TURN CORNER I. presser t oot. Stop sewing with the necdle in the fabric and lift the presicr loot. TuIn the fabric around the needle. A t 3. /Push down bi. push down the regulator ring (A).ouldirig the frbri. pressure to the cloth.

/A-Q> <Pressand hold. Sever the thread with either the thread cutter attached to the presser bar or with a pair of scissors. leaving about 6 inches of thread from the eye of the needle __ I 22 . * reverse sewing 2. talseneedle to its highest position thread cutert - - 3.TO FINISH SEAM L. At the end of a seai press the reverse push button to sew a few slitches for reinforcement. Stop the machine when the take-up lever ic al its highest point Raise the presrer foot and remove the fabric away from you I j Raise presser to .

* To Regulate Thread Tensions Correct tensions are important for the good appearance of the stitches. the result will be inmperfect stitching. tension 0 t It the upper thread tensiorl is too strong: Weaker \\ ppr ter. _gthen lowe 2 23 . Adjust the telisions by the following method. If the tensions are not correct.3 cA Vlo knobl t If the upper thiread tension is too weak Strengthen > 4 or Weake. . lower enn uppe. upper thread i3 correct tnin '- ~~~fabrk lower thread .

socks. Guile Ihe cloth genily " ibh :our halidI. trousers. Set the controls in the conventional mann-er i * Sewing procedure: /Inwrt the mubular fabric in theIree arm. etc. 24 .TO SEW TUBULAR AREAS _r 'rhe free arm feature of this machine is particularly rJ suitable for sewing and darning tubular areas such as sleeves. lower the presser foot and commence secwing. * Sewing preparation: Ditacli the cxtension plate as illust ratd.

APPLICATIONS OF FREE ARM FEATURE aXX~~ (~~~~~~~~ a )' U In this section you will find illustrations of ideas where the free armi of 25 your inachine will be an aid to your sewing skill. CONTINUED .

I f) l I 0 1 l I 26 .CONTINUED I -V I 7- K (:1 I].U.

-! 1 11 1l k .. c 0 27 .n 1-\ l 1 1 1 Ik 11) --."g.0.

cotto_ a_d _f Q Si2 ire r8comft i etd_ 28 . fastening re1 movable trimming such as collars and cuffs. the stitches unravel easily with just a pull on.- TO SEW CHAIN STITCH SEAM *Sewing preparation: Single-thread chansttching looks like regular staight stitching on top. r i hanlooper chain stitch foot hreve Cha.g b sodel tor tw~l sowwallei ~fl ..etirtichi.. but is a saries of interlocking loops on the underside of the fabric. !9 use Ns50 oq. etc. Cliainstitclling will bth found useful in wide range for suci sewing jobs as basting. the thread end.. Because the stitches are formed by only upper thread. embroidery.

2. ..... ~~ ~ ~ 2 ... ltRaise needie... tnshuflleshueo cver. Open the shuttle cover..... Rais preswer ba.TO INSERT CHAIN LOOPER 1. Remiove the bobbin case. 0d _mc ~ ~ F llom Ll ....... 7..

reverse side ouit. sew the fabric witi it. When you wish to have 30 the interlocking seams on the tip side of the fabric.TO THREAD FOR CHAINSTITCHING 2 Thread the needle in the way in the order from I to 9 except open face plate and pass thread from take-tip lever throuigh built-in chainstitch thread guide (6). . tension corrct tension *Sewing procedurE. tA0W// *To Regulate Thread Tension week tensin. Sew in the sane procedure as the straight stitch sewing. Draw about 10 inchies of thread throuigh the eye of the needle before you comnience sewing. stron.

pull the ihread forming a loop between the thread tensioil regulator and the take-up. Remove the fabric from the machine by pulling it st. With your finger. 2. Tie and lock thread. Yass scissors undler the presser P tool so as to dras the loop down. ~---< . Make sure tlhe take-up lever is in its hliglhcst posi tio. away from you. 4. \ / / 'Cut thread and then remove ftahlc Pull out thread. Hold the loop and cut the thread close to the end of the stitching. 31 .aighl back. lever. Raisc the presser foot.. Ibld the thread end back over the chain and fasten with hand stitching as illustrated.TO FINISH SEAM 1Sto stitching at desired point. g TO LOCK THREAD It you wish to securc this temporary lock./ Slacken needle thread. This will cause the thread end to pull throuyglh the fabric to the underside and fornn a Icmporary lock. to the left of the lilot.

Remove the chain looper. line of stitching can be removed by a single pull.TO REMOVE SEAM Draw out thread..Unthread the chainstitch thread guide. L m aw>d Io. If you find any. it is recommend- Y ) TO CHANGE FROM CHAINSTITCHING TO LOCK STITCHING I . 3 Insert the bobbin and bobbin case into the machine.sp rhre. Replace the chain stitch foot with the regular presser foot. See the reverse side if there is no skipped stitch. With this free thread end the endr. or lock the seam by hand sewing as illustrated.t 32 0. Pick up the freed thread end from the top surface of the fabric with a weam ripper or the like.IKE at >0 n r r rVtt tte wi case iprI tttchto AsC'Ct >V?f Cr ar< 32 . 4. CORRECTION OF SKIPPED STITCHES ed to remove the seam to the skipped point and proceed with sewing from that point. 2. 2. 1.

braid. frill. . etc. __ i . fatening removable trlmming such as collan and cuffs 33 .APPLICATIONS OF CHAINSTITCHING . f X~~~~S tri-l seamns *or fitting) lace. I I i~~~~.

In ianual zigzag sewing. _jW2 br iq'an width more than 5 L \* >{ A variety of patterns can be secured by manually changing either the zigzagwidth control or the needle position to create the (lesired pattern while running the machine.ZIGZAG SEWING * Sewing preparation: Zig. attractive embroidery is createdd. '-Practice makes perlect.ag wwing is not difficult at all. 0 and set the buttonhole knobat "S" 34 . As you know." By changing zigzag width. stitcli length and pattern cams. use the basic zigzag caili No. or by usinig super pattem elongator.

regulator lever at the desired rigzag s'idthi. The upper tliread should slightly appear on the reverse side of the material. s 2lecti n1 wdVh 5ozag 35 .5 1 2 ^i 4 iop Pre the rigit anfd lft liniter thetis side ise and set the rigzag Mvdti. the uipper tension stol eslightly wae than in the case of straight sewing. *Thread Tension for Zigzag Sewing o obtain better zigZag stiwhe.selectlon of stitch length 0.

9through No.and -0. S 3 [ ± S : ~~~~~~~and y 6° < 2 S 4) length betwveen '0.foNrPattern cams N. Also they are usefulin manry sewing applications. (S 2. 1 through No 9 ~~~and(and S 11 v~~~~~~~~~ t r Km 36 . 24.i_ th lngoth 4. 0 0 | t .3-. Y1 rs ~hstitch for ptsrn cams No.AUTOMATIC ZIGZAG PATTERN SEWING * Sewing preparation: |2 rO The 24 Cams (and 4 optional extra carns) will enable you to sew beautiful decorative patterns.

as in the diagram. t otomi r 'Clomrga cotrt po. M'o arrow tXhtl. ~~0 t7t ttt.e tht tht to p~qt40 tProugth 41 lot th.n bV to tho. S-2 through No. 9 through No.PPr o D etblin Iy H. 24 (and No. 5-4)._tion 37 . you can obtain lengthened or shortened stitches.SUPER PATTERN ELONGATOR By tirning the super pattern elongator when sewing with any pattern cam No.

compartment lid down with your finger. . . .and the buttonhole knob at -S-.. m. Push the can.1 Retiirn [hr needle position tetector knob.TO CHANGE PATTERN CAMS U t. Close the lid.. -o o U ic oi X'>in 38 4. at -1.

' l~~~~~~~~oi X ~~~puckering ~~~~~~~~~~~~fab use of an embroidervhoop will avod the of stretch in twn need]e S-1~ ~ ~ 1 ordinarythread guide 14 Nfe I) ~~~~ .TWIN NEEDLE SEWING (Colour(i pattit a twin 0 threado n ~uiu r sw vt sn w ed ntatgco - .

Twin Needle Variation + .INSERT CAM PATTERNS 2 3 Single Needle . __ by Elongator 4 8 9 10 Single Needle Twin Needle Variation by- Elongator 40 .

. 4 CONTINUED 41 .

Single Needle Twin Needle J3S1 AJI Variation by 42 .CONTINUED 15 16 7 Single Needle Twin Needle jll4J#. Variation by Elan gate.

nal extras. o 1 8 24 43 . 2. Hem Ecging S. ict Stitch to s Appli'ue Si . ..) 51 2 5354 T. F-Iing Stitch same s .18 1 ~~19 20 21 2o5250 At - PATTERNS AND APPLICATIONS OF EXTRA CAMS These four pattern ean sae op. SS3r5e4. ca t NO.

dense stitch Zigzag width regulator: at 4 width knob < 3 mm w m h fl i.coarse stitch thin material . _ selct the bar tack width and hold the zigzag zigzag width knob width lever by the limiter at 7 44 .PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS LBUTTONHOLE SEWING * Sewing preparation. as per the conditions below: zigzag width knob= thick material . © - w In accordance wIth the size of the buton. Stitch length regularor: This regulator should be set at the mark indicating buttonhole sewing.

Sew until the right row is as the s. Sew the hba tack about 5 stithlles.lmie size as the left one. 4. Sw the bar tack about stitches . stop the namchine when the needle conies to the point D and rak~e the needle. |2. and stop the machinec whecn the needle comes to the point C. 421> 3. Bring the needle to the left side of the needle hole A and lower the Sew slowly to presser foot. 1.__ Sewing procedure: Set the buttonhole knob in the order shown in the illustrations and then sew. I'n CONTINUED 45 .

5.< i»C~*~hCI r> lfro slofth btuttonhole. 46 . rnak ajut met sflos fu the screw to the righit Trn Tartn the screw to the left.CONTINUED ~~~--~~n Ž> itSdSst.ag widthregtilator lever at -0. wit thle zig. slit the but tonhole so as not to cait tlie bar tacks~ To Adjut Buttohole St tches A.and sews a few stitches to lock theC thread 6. Raise tile needle frontl the fabric. Withi a seamn ripper or a biuttonhlole cu tter.

oles to the riglit of the ncedle plate on the bed of the machine and tighten he tIhumilb screw firmly.CLOTH GUIDE The cloth guide is used for stitching close to the edge of the fabric. (uide the miatchinc with the cdge of thle fabric touchinig thle guide I cloth guide set screw cloth tuide 47 . or to make a wide hem up to 1% inches in a straight and uniform line * Sewing procedure: I Place the guide in the l. h oles for cloth gulde 2. adjusting the guide to the desired position.

.(. This method can be used for sewing on hooks.. *Sewing preparation: distance . 48 . the following method will save you much time... .. niaking sure the needle drops into the left hole of the button. .. o holes * Sewing procedure: L :. ) X BUTTON SEWING If you have many buttons to sew on. Lower the preser foot onto the but ton. L Set the zigzag wiuth regulator lever at ''O" Place a button on the fabric with its holes in a horizontal line and hitn the balance wheel slowly tolwards you witli your right hand.

Ric h needle by turning the balance wheecl towards youi. place a und. and the fabric.R.zai width regulator lever to the right. Fix the lever with the zigzag width limiiter.e drops into the righit hiole of the button.width beetwn 2.igz* r.tttts it Is rootae 0 limi th Io~ flo.I. Move the zig.tor *shoulj you wish to keep a laac butter. 3. Sew five or six stitchies.trwatb the centre of the but and roeafter sewing. + hen~ 4ewn 5 on ar b&.and sew three or four stitches. ejth both the limier knobs of th. Retujrn thec zigzag midthi lever to -O. while still turning the balance wheel. * eraalso Hoos ewn o. right hensein bythe sate roedre 49 . ewe h ~ath "tck.e same size. . See that the needl.

Place the otided edge under the fop 1 at a" i aUlgte and turn Ilir balance w beel u 'ii the Up of tie needle ceitres on Ihe pinl from which _ c / to start selving. 2. 80In 50 . presser foot.HEMMING You can turn and stitch a narrow hein in a single _olcration if you use the hemmer foot. * Sewing preparation: * Sewing procedure: I(erease a double i/8 itcih fold for abouit 2 inches alonig the edge of the fabric to bc hemlicmed.

Lo -Y 51 ..ing posilion a. licitillict hold riglit ilito ti)(ir.ito the 5.I 'flien turri the Ltbric around to the w. L(ixer [lie foot. 4. Wliile sewing. the fabric irettilly iith lialid so thal it is evenly led ille illoutli of ill. 'lloxin riglit. Inwrt ific folded edge mouth of the foot- i.

bring the foot to the right side of the needle and repeat the same procedure as with the left side. 52 . Also the zipper foot is useful for making corded seams and has many applications in sewing hems. To sew the right side of the zip. * Sewing preparation: 0 IO * Sewing procedure: zipper fooQt zpper foot wf ~tntX - I iS1 r 1. To sew the left side of the zip.a SEWING ON ZIP The zipper foot is designed to improve stitches close to a raised edge. 2. sot the zipper foot on the left side of the needle and sew along the edge of the zip.

I 2A_ i! hr ra be SeIng pr sotht hoeo ue (A) itnaralel li -For lui . Adjust on the follow W long distn paralle lines. use quilter attachment(2).\istncefTon te ata ihtntesrw lns distantlo paalhtel5n Tenadjuschit ito pressam ). the foot. th It. Adj2lus th poiin of te ipressr foot.'my r knes. use qitratcnet( I tenedefllno djut 3. Then adjust it to press fabric and tighten the screw (B) flrmly.Adjust the poito nelfsin sota thew hole or 3.f s quilter attaclhment(2= = * Soingu«poeure: I. stuffed with cotton. n. * Sewing preparation: ~~~~~~~l I .jjj(A)ifimy [o u' m oT pivse foof ll us qule attachment (I th centr to thewun 2. h ot n cetr 2. 1y4 I 11 ' te atahmn 1 t 'UT Iffi.Y ~~~~~~~~qWet. the hook should the pteceding line of stitching. When sewing.QUILTING Quilting attachments are convenient for quilting a mat or the like. t. For nedl. shr te cpedhot.i< e h~. ly Ior short distant parallel lns lines. l i ftllow te p 1. {>}~~~~~~~~ I~~~~~~~~~~~t oa al. and tighten the screw the curved hook at a distance from the needle.. 53 .

* Sewing preparation: _ 2 W1 4 X~~~~~~1 54~~~~~~~~~~~4 . trousers anid _ ~~~~~~sleeves. It is used for sewing on the. hems of curtains.- BLIND STITCH HEMMING stitehing provides a durable hem finish that is i a most invisible and comparable to hand sewing.

2 1/6 ince no.* How to fold the fabric: NO. 55 . '- NO *Sewing proeue 77r Feed the fabric along the guide.

Glue. appliqu4 footfoot rpptiqu~ the rquired 2 Place the miaterial under the so that the edge of the applique comes to the centre Ppof the slot in the toot. or use Scotch tape the applique into position.APPLIQUE Zigzag sewing will give a better and clearer applique stitch * Sewing preparation: *Sewing procedure: I. and wew along the edge: appliquit 56 .

braid 3. 2.ttr id * Sewing procedure: 1. Insert the braid throuighi the tIhread guttle spring on the braider loot.BRAID SEWING By sewing on woollen yarn and Frenich embroidery cotton with zigzag stitch using tile braider foot. foot sprin. Then sew on the braidi. lay tlhe braid in the slot under the loot. * Sewing preparation: W Adjst the Vou are ttViri(g sttching to co vidth of ti j>Aa ter n. 57 . As you lower the foot. you will obtain a fancy pattern. slot braider.

It will also give smooth Finish when you part the under seam.tr. sleeves or any part or garment where there is extra stress or pull on both stretch materials and ordinary materials. 00ri>r'i.Fer ll> Iw| ...t ¢ . olilf l~ Cr OpoIuti <l:I.n'sT tch canlSo tO<IIV .. This stitch will be specially effective when you need a reinforced stitch such as darts. ias#to 4ririqinmo IF 60) slic mwotthioff 'i9f~ . as shown in the right illustra7 t tifll.5 Itr. the follow$ing stretch stitch will prevent the thread from breaking when the material is stretched.Isiwi1 Trilol stitCh is frmo sigzag Wr width 0 alst.s .UItiOl<: Wtwl: <0 srnrC.STRETCH MATERIAL SEWING When sewing stretch materials like jersey ann tricot. widtit rigzag gg 6 I - II * Sewing procedure:a' * fiItsrret. * Sewing preparation: W the z igzag _len width is set ziag dt 14)~3 assiowbrat in th Use right illustra 9 _e Sewing procdue e When the zigZng Wldl IS set at O0" stitches will be tripled. I.

h #ths. I. sides of the Cross-pIy by the triple straighit stitch. 5 j- 2. thraOf lin co by Ithy.MATTING or DRAWN STITCHES This stitching will give a tassel effect. Remove soniic threads fromi the fabric. llvo. Sew bolt.j loov.unoa ~ou abeatnaa<o you In whtuo ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 . *Sewing preparation: *Sewing proceure. 11thOiywi nOik sIaIiqtoaer a .

blouse front. such as apron. . * Sewing preparation: * Sewing procedure: /1 Scw zigzag stlitches.. are all made hy this method.. 0.it FRINGING Beautiful fringes for the waist line... 60 ... . > !1 . .. and table cloth.. .. edge of home-miade articles. X.

4. Turn the fabric over again and draw out the upper stitches by a thick needle or the back of a seam ripper. f0 or riplc A <lwtn 9 turo IptJe 5 3. Draw out the upper st . Tum the fabric inside out Cut the stitches on the back of the fabric with the seam repper and pull out the severed threads. Sew triple stitches on one edge of the zigzag seam.2.

lingeries and chiildiren's clothes. 9. * Sewing preparation: t~~~~~~~~ :( 62 . various sizes of dainty edges are obtained. dresses. Scalloped edges are used extensively as self trimming on blouses.SCAL LOP ING o n in ~~~scalloped With pattern cam No.

push scallops out and press llat I 63 . ac.* Sewing procedure: - VIaic t op sides of the fabric V together and stitlch scallops. / Notch a>. Trim allowanice 3. notch the allowance and clip togethier the poinis between the scallops. lurn to the right side. Trin the allowance to less than 1/8 inchi. 2.

They will add character to blouses and children's clothes. * Sewing preparation: / | Zigzag tucks are sewn by using cam No. I 2 Alter scw.ing. 64 .5 1 (forS 1)S Z)gzag wmdth regulator \ lever =1-3 Needle position selector knob Sewing foot buttonhole foot r II TWIN * Sewing procedure: < iii t _______ 1. Scw wcrc the pin tucks arc twin needle rcquircl. How to set controls: Stitch length regulator knob -4 (for carp No. press tIIe lucks to an one side wilh) iron. 9 or 5 1.PIN TUCKING Neat pin tucks are easily sewn by twin needle sewing.9) 0.

* Sewing preparation: 9 g *Sewing procedure: 1. 2.# pretty shell tucks are made. lod the materkd on the bias. 65 . Whien s'~wing ensuie that the necedle does not penet. rate the niateral at its left needle -___________________ position.SHELL TUCKING By sewing with pattern cam No. to one side with an iron. Place the mna[rial under the p7t~er toot as illustrated. Unfold the miaterial and press the tuck. 3. Shell tucks are useful for dresses and fancy works.

SMOCKING Smocking is used on children's and ladies' dresses. pull out the threads of the straighit slitcha .| wvdrnse side ofttsbrtc s mokng upper thread Sew straigh lines with a space of' about 318 inch between them. aprons and slip covers * Sewing preparation: I 1A~~SI * Sewing procedure: about 3/8 inch | 6 *ee tension. Draw up the lower thread for desired alount. 66 When d 2. Sew patteris on the smocking sewing is over.

After sewing. remove the paper. * Sewing preparation: * Sewing procedure: <~~~A Ptaco O PieCe of paper X ' -4'~ ~ glue the two pieces of fabric on a piece of paper. It is suggested to lightly 67 . fagoting for a decorative effect on ladies' and children's dresses is done as follows.FAGOTING As an application of the automatic reverse feed stitches.

68 . * Sewing procedure: * Sewing procedure: toot N centre 1 ° 9 Lay the folded edge of the material B Where the alonigside the material A. Against the side of the lace. put the folded edge of the material and sew. 20. sew along this line.INTERFACING _LACE EDGING * Sewing preparation: * Sewing preparation: Pattern cams 10 14. 19. materials meet. Pattern cams 10-24.

. 69 . r Stretch the abric in an eniboidery hoop. * Sewing procedure: IDraw your desired design on the fabric with a pencil or tailor's clialk.'£' 1= L~~~~~~~~~~~~ \er presw foot.EMBROIDERING By using embroidery hoop. move the zigzag width regulator Iever with the right hand to change the width. monogrammings are achieved* Sewing preparation: many designs and . 2. While moving the hoop slowly with the left hand following the design on the fabric.

3 Thern inwrt pattern cam No. any designs can be filled beautifully * Sewing preparation: optional extra S * Sewing procedure: h. sex on the line you draw\v with the iiggay widtli regulator at "0".n camn S-4 (optionial extra). .' -> 1 Draw your desired design oTt the fatric with a pencil or tailotrs chalk. 2 First. Stretch 5-4 (optional extra) and fill the design front the 70 oliter part to the inner part.op hoop .FILLING STITCH By using patter. the fabric in art embroidery hoop.

oma pYossible. J9 _ 141.MULTIPLE STITCH ZIGZAG SEWING or TRICOT STITCH The multiple stitch iigzag sewing is well suited for mending such as rents and tears and overcasting worn edges.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~7 0~~~~> nc> ase you Part Ihe ulnderte 5to1i tIl setvirti ret ur mF neda re :: A. ~/ pat . * Sewing preparation: optional extra Soloured acerf44d needle loor * Sewing procediure: < l.hnrewir to rr&ol:n thtsetT. this is also ideal for the reinforcement and application of elastic materials. t 14. oril h 71 .

In normal use. Oiling is particularly necessary after the machine has been standing idle for some time. it is necessary that all moving parts be covered with a filim of oi. oiling points behind the face plate oiling points on the needle plate oiling point esuret ta use sewing eciIntt oil of gOod puaiiTy 72 .TO KEEP YOUR MACHINE IN THE BEST CONDITION TO OIL MACHINE To ensure easy and free running of the machine. apply fine quality sewing machine oil to the points indicated by the arrows in the figures once a week In constant use. run the machine rapidly for a few minutes to allow the oil to penetrate every part. oil the machine every 7 to 10 hours. After oiling.

* L to remove free arm cover on. oiling points under the free arm cover ~' 1-J - _ to_ remove top cover _ oiling points under the top cover 73 .

reset the needle plate. o!Mtte t.Žtth8 tef. Lint and loose threads ae liable to collect on the feed teeth. *ot h t ta¢dio5 thr-sin thrtt >tqa tOO?.TO CLEAN FEED TEETH Push hore feh Remove needle. Remove the needle and tde presser foot. it is necessary that the teeth be cleaned from time to time. needle latr. Clean lint and loose threads in the teed teeth with a brush. 3. rhen pull the lever to ~ release and remove the needle plate.) eo l7 :: oot. pressero 2. t<!.oro 74 . 1. After cleaning. (See page 20.hrkttO torot. Therefore. Also clean the reverse side of the feed teeth using cloth. i 74c> tato too to 0100. presser foot and needle..ans td t.

Open the outward. shuttle mce clasps shunle race cl. rais the needle bar to its highest point and then open the shuttle cover.sps CONTINUED .TO DISMANTLE AND CLEAN SHUTTLE RACE * To dismantle shuttle race: 1. 3. A 2. Tum the balance wheel towards you. First take out the bibbin cas by the latch.

Clean the inside of the shuttle 7 ihook with a brush. /// While turning the balance wheel 2 \ t towards you. 0 shuttle race ring /~~ 5S Remove the shuttle hook. 76 CONTINUED .CONTINUED 4. Then remove shutile race ring. chunk hooi * To clean shuttle race: 1. clean the inside of the race.

the machinetorunheavily. bobbin case finger agalnst ~~~shuttfle notch in race ring With tip of shuttle hook agalnst red mark on driver . Apply a few drops of oil after cleaning. iq * To assemble shuttde race: shuttle driver Assemble the shuttle race in the reverse order. Hold the shuttle race ring with the shutte race clasps. A D. Insert the shutUe hook intb the machine with its tip against the red marking on the plastic shuttle driver so that the bosses on the shuttle driver fit into the slots in the shuttle hook. Lint and loose threads in the shuttle mey cause noise. 77 . net olto :e~~to much. 1.3.andthelower thread to break. 3. 2 Put the shuttle race ring on the shuttle race body with its small guide pins against the holes in the shuttle race body.

i nThe bltt tension should not be n7ther too tight nor too oose. loosen the motor holding screws and adjust the belt tension by .moving the motor to the right or the -> ~~~~left. loosen the adjusting screw of the plastic large pulley and move the pulley up and down to obtain the suitable tension.TO ADJUST MOTOR BELT TENSION When the motor runs idle or you change the motor belt. Loosen the belt covey set screw. bet coveajf Set Screw! pper E7 E belt upper bolt adjusting screw for a ||the 2 When the tension of the upper belt is not conrect. oiling Oln point point plastic pollev 3. 1. . regulate the belt tension by the following method. it is advisable to apply one or two plastic pulley drops ol sewiny machme oil toS the oiling points indicated by tre atrov.I nn 78 . once a veas. and remove the belt cover. When the tension of the lower belt is not corecet.

Something is wrong with the motor. 9. 5. Lint has collected on the feed teeth. The upper thread is not threaded correctly. 4. Chainstitch looper is not inserted corectly. 23 The fabric is not correctly removed after sewing 22 is over. 4. 3. 75-77 74 Repair or replace motor. *The upper 1. eye of the needle is nicked. and 7. thread breaks: 2. The needle clamp screw is loose. l 1. 79 CONTINUED .r UNSATISFACTORY CONDITIONS: Condition *The machine does not run smoothly and is noisy: Cause CAUSES AND REMEDIES Remedy (See page) 72-73 Use good oil. The machine is in need of oil. The The The The tension on upper thread is too tight. 2. 5. replace needle plate if necessary. needle is bent or dull. Replace it. 16 . l The needle is bent. 4. The thread is too heavy or light for the needle. l Tension of upper thread is too strong. 'The lower thread breaks: 1. Loose thread ha collected in the hook mechanism. Dust has collected in the shuttle hook and spring. 22 10 29 14 23 75-77 13 *The needle breaks: The needle is inconectly inserted. 3. File it smooth withi sand paper. The lower thread is incorrectly threaded in the bobbin case. 39 30 23 Replace it. Oil of inferior quality is used. 1. The thread is not threaded corectly for chainstitching. 4. 8. 2. The bobbin case tension is too strong. 3. needle is incorrectly inserted. The fabric is not correctly removed after sewing is over. 3. The thread is wound unevenly around the bobbin. 5. 6. 2.

CONTINUED 6. The tension of the upper thread is too weak. 23 23 10 'The fabric is not feeding 1. The needle is too fine for the cloth sewn. 3. 4. 39 28 29 Use correct presser foot. The needle position selector knob is not set at STRAIGHT in cas of chainstitch sewing. Thc thread is not threaded conectly. 11. 7. The stitch length regulator knob or the zigzag width regulator lever is moved while the needle is in fabric. 8. 2. 9. 3 The needle is the wrong size for the thread. The stitch is too coarse for the material. * 10 16. The drop feed knob setting is inconect for the fabric sewn. 10. be sure to lock the skipped stitch. 2. 74 4 smoothly: 80 2. The needle is too heavy for the fabric. . The thread is wound unevenly around the bobbin. The upper thread is not threaded correctly. The needle is bent. The bobbin case tension spring is either too strong or too weak. The needle is incorrectly inserted in the needle bar. loops: 2. Chainstitchi looper is not inserted correctly. 4. 39. 23. * When sewing light fabric. 30 32 When a stitch skipps in chainstitching. *Skipped stitches: 1. Tnie thread tension is too strong. 30 16. Incorrect presser foot is used for each sewing application. Lint has collected on or around the feed teeth. It Replace it. 5. The needle position selector knob is not set at TWIN in case of twin needle sewing. 39. 30 10 19 13 *Stitcling fomis 1. *Sewn shrinks or puckers: 1. use of paper lining is recommended. 3. Tnc thread is not the correct size for the needle. 10 Raise needle hbahest point when you set the machiine.

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